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The Ledge Mar 18, 1897

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Array >yj  Vol  IV. No. 25.  NEW DENVER, B. C, MARCH 18,  1897.  Price $2.00 a Year.  MINES AND  MINING  Still the Principal Topic Where th  Tiie Ebbs and Flows  LUMBER YARD   AT   ROSEBERY  Vancouver, March 13.���The decree has gone forth from the Government benches that the estimates for  the ensuing year will be placed be  fore the members of the Legislature  next week. Great interest is evinced  in the forthcoming budget, more particularly by those interested in the  Kootenay. New Denver will undoubtedly figure in the estimaies for  a new school at least, and from the  pressure being brought to bear, by  the Bank ot Montreal authorities and  others interested for a ��� sufficient sum  j to construct the. desired jvagon^rdacl  to Three Forks. Parliament has" time  on its hands to carefully; consider  every detail, as prorogation:isiiot ex,  pected much before the first of'May.  On Monday the House adjourned out  ot respect for "tha late Hon. A. N.  Richards, ex-lieutenant-governor,  many of the members accompanying  the remains to their last resting piace.  Tuesday was a field day among  private bills, the most important  being that fathered by J. F. Hume,  M. P. P., asking for a charter for a  railway from Bedlington to Nelson.;  This is a scheme whereby the Great  Northern hope to get into the field of  competition in Kootenay. There has  been displayed from the outset most  determined opnosition. to\;thej.ij^��-  criminate granting of water "fights  and privileges to corporations, and  Tuesday's proceedings emphasised  this, with additional weight from  Kootenay. The Lillooet, Fraser River & Geld Eields Co. have come in  ior well-merited censure for the em  ployment of Asiatic labor, but they  have succeeded in getting the, legislation asked for. The people's Railway scheme is far from dead, crop  ping up every day or so. It will become a live issue at the next elections.  Agricultural interests have occupied  a large portion of the time this week,  casting in the background anything  pertaining to mineral matters.  Intending purchasers are seeking  the control of the Hortentia and No.  3, on Springer creek, adjoining the  Star group.  The Townsend Mining and Milling  Go,, capitalised at $200,000 in 25 cent  shares, has just been incorporated  here and gazetted. The provisional  trustees are F. Granville. L. Doucett  and J. J. Banfield. This company  will work the Townsend claim, adjoining the Two Friends, and they  start operations in a most flourishing  condition financially. McKinnon &  DeBeck, of the Golden Cache, sought  to obtain this property, but at the  last moment negotiations fell through!  The Vancouver Sash ���'& Door Factory, which has for support the big  lumber king of Eastern Ontario, McLaren of Perth, will establish a yard  at Rosebery, so as to supply the demand on Slocan lake. It" will be  supplied with an abundance ot lumber, sash, doors and all building requisites. Messrs. Oassady and McGhie  will be in charge.  Dr. Bruner, of Sandon, was in town  Roulette���and says the whole attention ot the east is being centered on  the Slocan. The Doctor had to leave  hastily for Spokane, being, summoned  to the bedside of his wife, who is  seriously ill. a  J. R. Stitfc & Co. will open a $ar��e  general store, in New, Denver/--tiie  senior member of the firm haying  gone up Thursday to make the ifeces-  Stittf  was  sary arrangements.    Air.  formerly manager   of the   Hastings  mill store. ;':  Dan M'cLachlan is oh to a;bie��,cop-  per proposition on Okanagan ^Jjake  and he went.[. up to prospect $ on  Tuesday. He returns to New Denver in a week.  TUNNEL, SHAFT, DUMP  Latest Returns from the Mines and  Prospects of the Silvery Slocan.  PREPARED    FOR    MINING   MEN.  ft  W. H. Lancaster, well-known to  Denverites, is. in town enjoyingt the  briny.zephyrs. He lias been spending twa or three weeks at'Harrison  lake and claims tbe'surface showings  oirtne claims staked'to be quite,equal  to anything in'the-SlocamV,     -,  ;;, *:  ya;ncouyer: iajexgeriencing, a n ':ex-;  traordinafy.^^ there beifjg &,  constant; repetition, of show, rain and  slush, relieved;;here and there - with  an occasional fiiie day.   .  F. G. Fauquier the efficient -Government agent at. Nakusp, is doWnon-  a,business-trip; '.'He reports Cariboo  creek properties advancing in public  notice an4 claims a small-sizepl .boom  for Nakusp, where several neNv- business houses arc opening. Reahestate  is changing hands rapidly.  T. Gray, traveller for the wholesale house of McMillan & Hamilton,  will move his family from Vancouver  to New Deny.er.      \ - . ���,.'" _-, -; ..  , -Bob Kirkwoodj accompanied by ins  brother, sister-in-law and sister, struck  town this week, having.come up by  boat from San Francisco. Bob has  been having a good time touring  through the country east and west  since leaving New Denver last fall.  He predicted an influx of close to  100,000 people this year into Kootenay, so greatly is it being advertised.  His relatives will reside in the Lucerne of North America in future.  Tuesday evening a meeting  was  held here of the Scottish-Columbian"  Mining and  Development Co., with  G. R. Maxwell, M.P. as president.  A  great deal of general   business Avas{  transacted, it being filially decided to  purchase  the   Shure   Shot   mining  claim, on Four Mile creek,  and immediately proceed with development.  This claim is close to the Silverton  Boy, and is credited with three pro  mising leads.  There are signs of improvement in  the share market this week, and a  much healthier feeling prevails generally. There have been sales aggregating close to 100,000 share?,  principally in Slocan properties Orphan Boy in the Big Bend, is recovering rapidly and a $1000 assay has  improved matters considerably/ Occidental, in Fairview has had a 30,-  000 sale, at the advanced figure of 15  cents. Alberni Consolidated is improving, with a stiffening also in.the  Mountain Rose, which may be sold  shortly. Texada island. Golden  Cache and general coast properties  are quiet, and the same may be said  of Boundary and Trail creek propositions. In the Slocan, Bondholder is  holding more firm, as is also the Two  Friends. Rambler has gone up to 50,  Reco continues steady at $1.35, Noble  Six Mile properties are receiving  great attention.  A Victoria man-tias bought the Ten  :Mile Bonanza and;Oaineron.  , "Work; is heinj:dpfe in three, of the,  six tunnels'on the "Queen Bess,   ���  The Slocan Star will declare another $50,000 dividend next week.  The Corinth is shipping ore. There  are 26 men working at this property.  Jas. A, McDonald has given a short  option on his interest in 'the California. "  , The Howard Fraction is to be stock;-  ed for a million by Herbert Outhbert's  company, ' r -. '  C. L. Hoffman has bought the Cul-  tus .from Harry Sheran. It adjoins  the Meteor.    ' ' ,  T. D. Woodcock has bought out  I). E. Rafusi's interest hi the Vancouver on'Lemon. ���     -  Burt Pearson has solcl the Livea,  opposite the mouth of Lemon, to a  Rossland man.  , * ' '  The Howard Fraction is reported  bonded to Herbert Cuthbert, of the  B���C< Gold Fields Co.   /    ,.    . .,..*.,;���:  ^K.- (X'Graham'ha?"sold a;:Halfv?interest in the Legal Tender to J. F,  McLaughlin of Rossland.  Dr. Bell-Irving ' has gone to the  Coast. He is confident that the  Thompson will make a mine.  J. A. Finch and C. L. Hoffman will  work the Meteor and Ottawa as soon  as supplies can be packed in.  The St. Keverne company, with  heaquarters at Spokane has been gazetted, with a capital of $1,000,000 in  $1 shares.  G. D. Scott has purchased the Nova  Scotia, Iron Bound and Rising Star.  He has formed a company to work  the properties.  The showing in the tunnel being  run into the properties of R C. Campbell-Johnston, on the lake shore near  town, continues satisfactory.  to work the Bolander property on  Cod j7" creek, below the Noonday.  The papers of incorporation wero  signed this week and the company  will begin operations at once.  II. A. Hicks, C. E. Barber, F. S.  Andrews, F. G. Lewis and D. R.  Young, ot Slocan City have incorporated the Lemon Creek Mining Co. for  the modest sum of ^100,000 in $1  shares. They will acquire and develop the Mamie claim.  The Mountain View, on Granite  Mountain, near Silverton, has been  bonded bv New Den yer parties to  John McMartin for $20,000, 5 per  cent down. There are several leads  on the property, the principal one  carrying galena. The other leads  show arsenical rock carrying gold  and silver,  The Mary Durham and Leroy  claims, adjoining the Mollie Hughes,  on the mountain.north of town, were  bonded last week by S. T. Walker.  It,fa understood that S. T. Owings, an  Idahbah, is interested in tbe purchase  and that development work will be  pushed forward as soon as the snow is  off the! ground.  In conversation with a Ncvs-Advertiser reporte}*, Capt. J. A. Wood,  who has had mining experience in  all parts of America and Mexico,  said' that he saw no reason why  people should have any doubt about  the Boddholder. The' claim was the  best prospect he had ever seen and  people should remember that not only  did the Company own the Bondhold.  er, but they also owned several other  Glaim^or^a^i^^whieii ^cki"^itis--haoV''  been traced. Ho, himself, was not  interested in the mine, but he would  advise all to hold on to their stock.  MUCH newsy  float.  bv  his rela-  the fore part of the week, having just Five  at 62,   Dardanelles at 15, and  returned from a most successful trip Washington at 25    Rand Bros, havp  among  eastern   mining   men.     He had a rush for Lucky George, which  placed several thousand dollars worth has sold well.     Sales in all instances  of North Fork shares���Pheonix and have been snr.isfnctorv.  Dick Shea has gone to Nevada to  look at the prize fight, Dick is one  of the pioneers who made the Slocan  and he thinks that he is entitled to a  little recreation.  Frank LoCasto and his partners  have bonded the Slocan Chief No. 10  and Kootenay Queen on the South  Fork of Kaslo creek for $30,000, 10  per cent. down.  A miner fell down a 120-foot chute  at the Idaho the other day and escaped with a few scratches. He is lucky  enough to run a paper in a hard luck  town or any other position filled with  danger.  Messrs. Clark and McTaggert have  sold the Silver Hill and Old Chum on  Lemon to Montreal parties for a good  figure. The purchasers are organizing a company to develop these  claims. There-' is already a 30-foot  tunnel showing a very rich ledge.  A number of wealthy men of Find-  ley. Ohio, have incorporated  a com  pnny under the laws of Washington,  C. W. Lee is wanted  tions in Tennesee.  The strike at Leadville, Colorado, cose  that camp $4,000,000.  There is a placer gold excitement  at Sal mo, 16 miles from Nelson.  It is probable that Rossland will  soon have a mining stock exchange.  John V, Perks was sent up for three  months for a drunken caper at Balfour.  R. D. Herrick married Miss Jane  Sanderson, iu Paris, France, a short  time ago.  Five hundred shares of Plall Mines  stock were recently sold iii Spokane  at $6.50 a share.  The steamer Nakusp now burns  coal much to the delight of passengers who are in a hurry.  Kaslo is flooded with people begging for meals, and Rossland has over  20 professional beggars.  A long distance telephone service  will be in operation between Spokane  and Kootenay points by nextSeptem-  ber.  A concentrator is co be built at the  Montezuma, on the south fork of Kaslo creek. Tom Mitchell will probably have charge of the building of  it.'  R. F. Green, T. E. Cronin and L.  McLachlan, of Kaslo, will form a company to develop the Anoka and other  claims on the south fork of Kaslo  creek.  F. W. Peters, the popular C. P. R.  freight agent at Nelson was in town  last week.  %  *.v  *  lv. \J  2  THE   LEDGE.  Fourth  Year.  LITTLE   BREECHES.  (By Col. John Hay, who will succeed Thomas F.  Bayard as ambassador to England.)  I don't go much on religion,  1 never ain't had no show:  But I've got a middlin' tight grip, sir,  On the handful of things I know.  I don't pan out on the profits  And free will and that sort of thing,  But I believe in God and the angels,  Ever since one night last spring.  I came into town'with some turnips.  And my little Oabe came along.  No four-year-old in the country -    ���  Could beat him for pretty and strong,  Peart, and chipper and sassy,  Always ready to swear and fight���  And I larn't him to chaw terbacker  Jest to keep his milk-teeih white.  The snow come down like a blanket  As I passed by Taggart's store;  I went m for a jug of molasses  And left the team at the door.  They scared at sometliing and started,  I heard one little squall.  And hell-to-split over the prairie  Went team, Little Breeches and all.  Hell to-split over the prairie,  I was almost froze with skeer;  But we rousted un seme torches  And searched for them far and m.ar.  At last we struck hosses and waggon,  Snowed under a soft white mound,  Upsot dead beat, but of little Gabe  No hide nor hair was found.  And'here all hope soured on me  Of my fellow critter's aid���  I jest flopped down on my marrow-bones,  Crotch deep in the snow, and prayed.  By this the torches was played out,  And me and Isrul Parr  Went off for some wood to a sheep-fold  That he said was somewhere thar.  We found it at last, and a littleshed  Where they shut up the lambs at night,  We looked in and seen them huddled thar,  So warm and sleepy and white;  And thar sot Little Breeches and chirped,  As pert as ever you see,  "I want a chaw of terbacker.  And that's what's the matter with me."  How did he get thar ? Angels I  He could never have walked in that storm;  They just scooped down and toted him  To whar it was safe and warm.  And I think"that savin' a little child,  And bringing him to his own,.  Is a denied sight better business  Than loafin' round the Throne.  THE   STORY   OP   COPPER.  The Red Metal is One   of  Profitable.  the   Most  Men of means and speculators without  any  amount of knowledge are talking, day by -day  about the vast mineral resources that may and  * will in  the  next few years be produced in this  country.'-'  They have invested their money in  gold and silver mines and are waiting for the return.   There is no, denying that fortunes have  been made and will be made out of gold and silver  but another metal is rapidly forging to the front  and there is liitle doubt but that within a few  weeks or months at most it will excite; quite as  much enthusiasm as the more precious metals.    I  refer to copper.  There is no reason that because a metal or mineral high market value that the discovery of such  material is of iejss importance than the finding of  a material that pound for pound sells for less. For  this reason then, I believe that at the present mo;  ment, if there, should be a discovery of a rich  copper mine, the return would be amazing.  There are a number of reasons which leads an  ordinary observer to believe that there will,. be  within a very short time a greater activity in copper. For one'thnig, the market has become understocked. For the last few years four companies  have supplied the demands, and these companies  have not iieen competing  Then coming on at the same time has been the  great demand for copper on account of electrical  railways, electrical machines and everything  connected with electricity. This promises to  double the ordinary demand if it has not done so  at once.  Then again probably the greatest feature in increasing: the demand for cooper has been the reduction in the cost of producing tins article.  ,A  discovery has recently been made which divides  t!ie co3t of production into about one-half.  These reasons are sufficient, I believe, to convince anyone that a boom in this precious metal  is in sight that is very close to us.  The copper supply of, the world, I am told, is  controled by four companies. The Tharsis Mining Company, with headquarters in London and  mines iii Spam, is the largest one. Then comes  the Calumet and Hecla of Lake Superior, Anaconda of Montana and the Tamarack Company,  .Michigan.  There is s ich a small number oi capitalists interested accordingly that hitherto there could be  and has been a combination in price, in supply  and in everything lha comes from or goes into the  mines. Notwithstanding this, howeve'r, the price  has, during the last 30 years dwindled away from  32 cents to 11 or 12 cents per pound as it is at  present.  Copper is one of the oldest letters in the world.  In fact, I believe it is the oldest, for it was mined  in prehistoric departments in every part, of the  world. The word is aGreek one. Cuprum, it was  called, from the island of Cyprus, in-which the  ores of this metal were mined'by the Greeks.  Tubal Cain, the seventh in descent from Adam  we are told,was "an instructer in brass and iron."  In the book of Job we rend that " copper i*. moul-  P.'ii out of stone."  Cheops, an Egyptian king of the fourth dynas  ty,it is recorded, worked a copper mine in the  peninsula of Sinai. The ancient Egyptians employed an alloy of it for working hard-stones. The  Syrians and Phoenicians, as.also the Greeks and  the Romans, consumed the metal largely in the  manufacture of monuments land statues of  bronze.  The single Colossus of Rhodes? after having  lain in fragments for nine centuries, is said to  have, required 900 camels to convey the pieces  away. The ores seem not only to have been  worked exclusively by the ancients but the skill  for producing large sa-stings appears to have been  quite equal to those produced by the moderns.  The metal was probably first discovered, as 'it  is now found, in a native state, and by the melting of this the nature of the rich ore associated  with it became known.  The obscure races that inhabited the American  continent prior to the Indians possessed an ac,  quaintaiice with it, as appears from the various  small cooking utensils of copper found in the an.  eient mounds'of the western country, and the extensive mining works, probably ot the same people, at Lake. Superior testify to the knowledge of  it possessed by some ancient race of greater skill  than Indians. The Aztecs of Mexico made use of  chisels and axes of copper. The Peruvians, too,  used copper,for the same* purpose. In these ancient coins tin is almost invariably present.  Copper has been obtained in recent times from  the mine of Rammelsburg, ..in the Hartz Mountains, which was worked in the tenth century.  The Sweedish mine of Fahleen connected with  the above in the production of copper in the twelth  century, and in the next century the mines of  ,Thuringia were worked. \  In Great Britain the Parys mine in Anglesa was  worked by the Romans. It was found there and  worked until 1799.  In fact copper is widely extended all over and  through arid about the universe. A very small  atom of it appears in the human body.  I spoke a short time ago about the mining com  panies which control the copper market of the  world.   I intend now,to describe the mines actually in operation.  The most profitable mine in the world is the Rio  Tin to inSpain. It has been in operation for years  and it is estimated now that there are twelve million tons in'that mine still uncovered. Still that  mine, like many another, was until recently, and  I am riot sure but even now is, mined principally  for the soda found. Another profitable mine in  Europe is the Mansfield in Germany.  There is also copper in Bolivia, Brazil, Australia and some in Russia and a bit in England.  But it is in''this new continentof America and  on the.nbrthern part of it that those who hope for  a brilliant future of this metal have to look.  There are four districts in North America where  copper has been found.. The first is the Atlantic  coal beds. The range runs from Florida, near the  Atlantic coast to Labrador, and probably beyond  that. It is found in something like paying quantities in Vermont, Capleton, New Brunswick and  Newfoundland. The second district is the Lake  Superior district which is so important, that it is  necessary to make special mention of it, which  will be done later- The third range is the mountainous system of of veins. It .extends along the  Rocky Mountains,the.Sierra Nevas, through Montana. The copper in this district is of the granite  formation and it is without. a. doubt the richest  kind in> the United States, though- it is more difficult to develop and reduce.  The fourth district is known as the southern. It  passes through Arizona and New Mexico.  It is the Calumet and Hecla group of mines, and  Tamarack, which is its nearest neighbor, which  is of the greatest interest to Canada, and in fact  to the mining world in general. The mines are  on the south of Lake Superior and are of a most  wonderful structure. ��� There is no fissure vein, but  a regular lode- In fact, it is a very deep bed of  rich copper. 1 he mineral is free as copper ever is.  I air tola that it can'be placed on the market at a  profit when copper is as low as six cents per  pound:*'.'   \   a  The on.} feature which prevents the district from  being miraculous is the fact that the ore is only  about two per cent, copper. As it is, of all the  districts in the world, this is the richest.  In 1871 four companies were mining copper in  Sudbury. It was found,later on that it was nickel  that was the paying metal, and copper was then  made the bye product. When the metal became  less.,profitable the mining of "copper became  scarcer.  There are mines "of copper in operation now  which are profitable, but I am not going beyond  the mark when I say that no mineral has been as  neglected a3 copper. The market has-been controlled by combines, the comp mies have gone  into the business in a half-hearted way, and  made copper the by-product when it should have  been, the main product, and cared little for the  future  There is copper in this country. Very rich  samples, much like that found in tne Anaconda,  have been discovered in British Columbia.  In Lake Superior, it is believed, that that wonderful copper bed of Calumet-Hecla extends  across the border into the Canadian territory.- At  any rate, there is copper in the ground, and it  must be brought out. -.'���-���.  On the east coast of Lake Huron, in that section between the French and Spanish rivers, several valuable varieties of copper ore have been  discovered that upon assaying yield high values.  One of these is situated about twenty miles east of  the town of Little Current, on a peninsula that  extends into Lake Huron. It is reported that the  average samples of ore taken, from this property  yielded over 50 per cent of metallic copper .besides  some gold and silver, and that ore taken from the  surface at this deposits will pay for shipment.  I  ���  flew  Denver  ^p^%rSASr THE -<&'&'&--  ,Best Furnished Rooms|^In the..Bining,<"$  in the Slocan Capital. yj$$ '   ft>Koom every  ^^^^^^ attention is paid to guests, ^_^ga&&~  and on the tables are placed the best viands obtainable.  MANAGER  JAS. DELANEY,  ' ��� THIS T0WNSITE, is situated a mil��  nd a half from the well-known GALENA FARM  MINES, and having, an unchallenged monopoly  of the trade of  is now on the Market.  For lots  apply  NEW   DENVER, B. 6  Turner, Beeton & Co.  Wholesale Merchant*, Shippers and Importers.  VICTORIA,  B. C.  LONDON,. ENG.  Kootenay Branch���NELSON, B. C.  A large stock of all sized bags always on hand in Nelson  -: THE :-  uigan louse.  MCGUIGAN, B.C  Best house in the City.  !      Good accomodation for the  oscillating public.  BONGARD & PEICKART.  __> -_i ;__ ; ,  FBED-J,-SaUIBE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  AMOS THOMPSON, W. D.  MITCHELL,  Manager. v . Secretary.  r. b. Thompson, Notary Public  TloiiflalitcMlilMjsoii  NEW DENVER,  B.C.  Mines and Mining Properties^ for  sale. Abstracts, Conveyancing, &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents' for Phoenix Insurance Co.  of London, Eng.  Rapid Kailroad Building.  Parties over from Rossland this week report  that work on the Trail and Robson road is being  pushed with all possible vigor and that trains will  le running over the route by June 1.   There are  240 men employed now in grading: from Trail and  as soon as the snow goes off they will increase the  force to 500 men.  Traeklaying will be started next Monday from  Trail and with the exception of several difficult  cuts and fills at China Plat, the "Traders will come  pretty near keeping the traeklaying force busy to  keep up with them. '  Full Line of Suitings and  Trouserings always on hand.  The new addition to the   LELAND  HOUSE  Makes it one of the Largest and most  Comfortable Hotels in Kootenay.  MRS. D. A; McDougald.  JST-A-KXTSI3, -���    ��� 23. O  KASLO CITY.  The only Practical Watchmaker in the Kootenai' District. Orders by mail receive prompt  attention.  ALL WORK GUi E1NTEEI)  F. LqCASTO,  D  R. A. MILLOY,  Dentist.  Office  Blacks Hotel,  SANDON BO.  T.  ABRIEL,  Also dealer in Imported and Domestic  Cigars, Tobaccoes, Cigarettes, Confectionery, etc.  Newmarket Block, New.'Denver  NAKUSP, B.C.  REAL ESTATE,  MINES and INSURANCE,  Special attention paid to properties  on Cariboo Creek.  The:: .GRAND HOTEL  European and American Plan.  Headquarters for Mining Men   ~IPr-ee  Cafe and Elevator, service'.all night..  B"ULS.  FRANK WATSON.  SPOKANE,  Proprietor.  WASH.  ���J Fourth Year.  THE   LEDGE.  CERTIFICATE OF iMPROVEMENTS  TWO   FRIENDS    MINERAL   CLAIMS.  Slocan Mining, Division of -West ��� Kootenay District.   Located East of Arlington Basin.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T, Twigg as  agent for Richard Marpole, tree miners eertiiieate No. 63804, intend sixty da}rs irom the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements to be issued in his  nand the name* of Peter M. Schonberg, free  miner's eertiiieate No. 61559, Andrew Provost, iree  , miner's certificate No. 65824, George T. Govrnley,  free miners certificate No, 7455)0. and Cornelius  Murphy, free miner's certificate No 74220, for ,the  - purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under section  c7 must be commenced before the issuance of such  .-'ertiiicates of improvements  Dated this 4th day of February, 1897. fbi-ap  VANCOUVER NO. 2 MINERAL CLAIM.  Slocan Mining Division 'of West Kootenay District.   Located 3.* miles east oi'< Silverton. *  rpAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg as  ���1 agent - for Edward '-Mahon-, tree miner's  eertiiieate No. 54931, and Henry L. Mahon, tree  miners certificate No. 54310, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining: Recorder for certificates of- improvements, ior the  purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the  above claims.  And further take notice that action, under Section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificates of improvements:.  Dated this 21st day of January, 1897.     ja24=-ma24  riNELOG "MINERAL, CLAIM.  65801 and 66297, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof} to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements tor the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant o; the above claim.  And further, take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements. '  Dated this 14th day of January, 1897.  -     JOHN CARNE BLANDY, Agent.  THE DEH-ENDBK, COMET AX1> DAYBREAK MINERAL,  CLAIMS.  acaiJHTa asann-m frux.'.*a-  NOTICE.  TIME OASD No. 1.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Located between Suiir  shine aiid Twin L-ike Basins.  Take notice that'l, Robert E. Palmer, P.L.S.,  acting as agent for James Gillhooly,. free,  miner's certificate No 65858; A. J. Murphv, iree  miner's certificate No 03035, and Albert Behne,  free miner's certificate No (58012, intend to apply,  sixtv days from date hereof, to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  claims.  And further, take notice that action under section 37 muse be commenced before the issuance  of such-certificate of improvements.  Dated this 14th day o. Januarv, 1897.  R. E. PA'LMER, P.L.S  A sitting of the Small Debts Court will be held  ai the towns of New Denver, Sandon and Kaslo  on the 25th., and 30th., dajrs of March instant and  the 1st., day of April next respectively. Summonses may be had by forwarding particulars of  claim and !r2.00 to the undersigned, Nelson, B. C  Dated at Nelson this 3rd day of March, A. D.  lSf-7.  IM EFFECT WED.J0V. 25, 1895  Subject to change without.notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time4.  Acting Registrar  E. T. H. Simpkins.  County Court.  NOTICE  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Located on the divide  between Springer and Ten Mile creeks and  8 miles from Slocan Lake.  ���Take notice that I, Alfred Drisoll, as agent  i for the Bondholder Mining Co., limited liability,, free miner's certificate No 67899, intend,  sixty days from date hereof, to apply to the Alin  ing Recorder for a certificate "ot improvements  lor the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further, take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 14th day of January, 1897.  RABBIT PAW MINERAL CLAIM.  VTOTICE'IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT 6>  l> days from date I, William H. Wall, intend  to make application to the Chief Commissioner oi  Lands ana .Works for permission to purchase  three hundred aud twenty acres of unreserved  Crown land, situated on Lemon Creek, at or  near the point where it is- joined by* its second.  North Fork, in the Slocan Mining Divisoir. in  the county of Kootenay, and described as* follows :���Commencing at a south-west corner pest  No. 1, thence running north 5280 feet to post No.  2, thence east 2640 feet to post, No. 3, thence south  5289 ieet to post No. 4, thence west 2*540 feet to  place of commencement.  Dated at-New Denver, B.C.-, Jan. 14th, 1897.  NOTICE.  - A sitting of the County Court of Kootenay will  he held ot New Denver on Wednesday, the. 24th  day of March instant. '  ' Da ted'at Nelson this 3rd day of March. A, D.,:  1M.7.  E. T. H. SIMPKINS,  Acting Deputy Registrar.  ja24-ina24  W. II.   WALL.  NOTICE".  Situate'in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Located one mile south of  Sandon, and south of the Silver Smith..  'PAKE-NOTICE-tluit the Star Mining & Milling  JL' Company, Ltd. Lia., free miner's certificate  No. 745)9, intend, sixty days from the date hereof,  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a' certificate of  improvements, for the purpose of obtaining" a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section .37, must be commenced before, the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th day of February, 1897.  feblS apl8  THE MOCKING BIRD  MINERAL CLAIM.  "VTOTICE is hereby given that application will  ���^ will be made to the Legislative Assembly of  the Province of British Columbia,, at its next  session, for an act incorporating a Company for  the purpose of establishing water works and  supplying water for mining, domestic, manufacturing, fire, electric lighting, power and other  purposes teethe inhabitants of the town of Brandon, and to thepre-emption of W. H. Brandon at  the foot of Slocan Lake, and their vicinity, and  to lay pipes and erect flumes for the conveyance  and supply thereof; the water to be obtained from  Springer and Climax Creeks,, near the town of  Brandon aforesaid; and for all the other necessary rights, ])owers and privileges which are incidental or conducive Id the attainment of the  above objects.''- '   ------  NOTICE.  Dated at New  January, A. D.  jal4  Denver, B.C., this 12th day of  1897. R. B. KERR, ���  Solicitor for the Applicants.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division, of West  Kootenay District. Located between Sunshine and Twin Lake Basins.  Wake notice that I, Robert E. Palmer, acting  i "as agent for E. W. Nettleton, free miner's  certificate No 60344; McI.Melver Campbell, free  Gilthooley,  J. Murphy,  and Albert  68012, intend,  to the Min-  miner's certificate No 73704: James  tree miner's certificate No 65858; A.  free miner's  certificate No  66035,  Behne, free miner's certificate No.  sixty days from date hereof to applying'Recorder for a eertiiieate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  .And further, take notice that action under sec  tion 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  . Datcdthig 14th day oi January, 1897.  R. E. PALMER.  RIENZI   MINERAL   CLAIM. "  Situated in tbe Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Located in Reed and Tenderfoot Basin.  TAKE NOTICE that I. C. W. Callahan, free  ��� i ��� miner's certificate No. 65370, intend sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Re  corder for a certificate oi improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the above  claim. ��� ���  And further take notice that action, under section  37, must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 21stday of January, 1897.       ja21-ma2l  ���BONDHOLDER MINERAL CLAIM.  NOTICE.  S. T. WALKER, hereby give notice that I  1 intend thirty days after date making application to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and  Works for permission to lease the following described timbered lands:���    -  Commencing at a stake planted on the north  limit of Ten Mile (10) creek, about 3 miles east of  Slocan Lake, thence north 20 chains, thence east  40 chains, thence south 10 chains, thence east 20  chains, thence south 10 chains, thence east 10  thence south 10 chains, thence east 10  thence south '20 chains, thence east 10  thence south 10 chains, thence east 20  l"hence south 20 chaius, thence, east 10  thence south 10 chains, thence'east- 10  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days  after elite I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to purchase one hundred and' sixty acres of land commencing at a post marked '-Win. Glynn's.N.  E. Corner, running thence West forty chains;  thence South forty chains, thence East forty  chains, thence North following Lake to' starting  point,'containing one hundred and sixty acres  more or less, said post being 300 yards more or  less from*this notice in-a Northerly direction,  near mouth of Nemo,Creek on West Shore of  Slocan Lake. ��� "-  Dated this fourth day of March, A. D., 1897, ���  WILLIAM GLYNN.  NOTICE.  T RICHARD ROBERTS, hereby give notice  1 that I intend, 60 days after date, makhig ap-  plicaiicii to the Chief Commissioner of Lands,and  works tor permission-to purchase 160 acres of  unreserved crown land, situate near the mouth of  Six Mile creek, Slocan Lake, West'Kootenay  District, commencing at initial post "A," thence  west 40 chains: thence south 40 chains; thence  cast 40 chains; thence north 40 chains to point of  commencement.  Dated, March 2d, 1897.  OTICE.  APPLICATION    FOR   LIQUOR   LICENSE.  chains,  chains,  chains,  chains,  chains,  chains, thence south 40 chains to the s.e. corner,  thence following the north boundary of Ten Mile  creek north-westerly to point of commencement,  and containing 500 acres more or less.  Dated February 16th, 1897. feblO aplO  .,     No. 339,  CERTIFICATE OF THE REGISTRATION OF  A FOREIGN COMPANY.  "VTOTICE .is hereby given that the undersigned  l\ will in thirty dajys from date apply to the Stipendiary Magistrate of West Kootenay for a license to sell liquoi at retail at their hotel on Cory's  pre-emption, Slocan Lake district.  ALLEN & CORY.  New Denver,March 11,1897.   ____^_________ *  APPLICATION FOR LIQUOR LICENSE/  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Located on the divide  between'Springer and Ten Mile creeks, and  8 miles from Slocan Lake.  ''Pake notice that I, Alfred Driscoll j as agent  1 for the Bondholder Mining Co., limited liability, free miner's certificate No 67899, intend,  sixtv days from date hereof, to apply to the' Mining'Recorder for a certificate ot improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further, take notice that action under section 37 must'be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 14th day of January, 1897.  MINNEAPOLIS MINERAL CLAIM.  Situate-in'.the Slocan Mining Division of the  District of West Kootenay. Located on  Payne Mountain adjoining the R. E. Lee and  Wanacott.  TAKE NOTICE that I, John .Came Blandy, of  1 Kaslo. B. C, acting as agent for P. M. Hayes  and   S.   W<-.os*\  Free Miner's c.-rtifl .Antes  "Nos.  "Companies Act," PartIV, and amending Acts  ''Idler Mining Company" (Foreign.)  Registered the 5th day of Februpry, 3897.  THEREBY CERTIFY that I have this day  1 registered the-'Idler Mining Company" (Foreign), under the "Companies' Act." Part IV.,  ''Registration of Foreign Companics," and amending Acts.  The head office of the said Company is situated  at the City of Spokane, in the State of Washing-  ten, U.S.A;  The objects for which lhe Company is established are:-���  1st. To locate, procure, hold, buy, sell, work  and operate mines and mineral claims, in the Province of British Columbia, and in the State of  Washington and other places. ''��"-������  2nd. To carry on the business of milling, smelting, reducing, working, buying and selling ores,  in said Province of British Columbia and elsewhere.  3rd. To purchase, build, construct and maintain all such mills, concentrators, smelters and  other works as shall be found necessary or convenient in carrying on said works, and to purchase, locate, acquire and hold all such water  rights, ditches, flumes and other appliances as may  be 'necessary in and about said premises.  4th. To borrow money 'for the purpose of establishing or carrying on said business, and to execute notes bonds or other securities therefore, and  to execute such mortgages, debentures or deeds of  trust upon the property of the Company; to secure  the payment of the same and the' interest thereon,  as snail be necessary and prouer.  The capital stock of the said company is one mil  lion dollars, divided into one million .shares of the  par valne of one dollar each.  Given under my hand and seal of office at Victoria, Province of British Cnlumbia, this 5th day  of.February,1897.  [L.S.J   '      ' .  '     S. Y. WOOTTON.  Registrar of Joint Stock Companfc?,  Notice is hereby given that thirty days from  the date hereof I will apply to the Stipendiary  Magistrate of West Kootenay for a license to sell  liquor at retail in my hotel at New Denver.  N.  ANGRI&NON.  New Denver, March nth, 1897.  Spotae W&J Mm  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Leave 8 00 A.M.  Kaslo  Arrive, 3 50 P.M,  "  s no   "  South Fork  ���'-     3 15   .'  *������   9 30     "  Sproule's  ���*       2 15   "  11   9 51     "  Whitewater  2 00   "  '��� 10 03     ���'  Bear Lake.  "       1 48   "  " 10 IS     "  McGuigan  1 33    "  " 10 HO     ������  Bailev's  "       1 21   "  " 10 38     "  Junction  1 12    "  Arr. 10 50     '*  Sandon  Leave l 00   "  For rates and information apply an  Company's Offices.  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic AIngr.  R. W, BRYAN,  Supt. and Ass't Trras  Columbia a���d  Western Wj Co,  Schedule No. 3', Jan. 4, '9T  ^-westbound.-  No l No. i  Passenger  Tues.,  Thurs.  & Sat.,  6:30 pm  0:40 pm  6:45 pm  7:00 pm  7:05 pm  7:10 pm  7:15 pm  7:25 pm  7:35 pm  7:40 pm  8:09 pm  Stations    "  Daily ���  except  Sunday. Lv. Ar  8:30 am Trail  8:40 am        Smelter'  8:45 am      McLeod's  9:00 am    . Warfield   '  9:05 am Tiger Switch Bl  9:10 am   Crown Paint  9:15 am Lake Mountain  9:25 am      Carpenter  9:35 am    Union Ave  9:40 am      Rofsland  9:50 am  Rossland Wye  ^rEASTBOUKD.-  No. 2 No.  Passenger  J. A. JORDAN. C.  Daily  except  Sundav.  6:00 pm  5:47 pm  5:42 pm  5:31 pm  5:26 pi 11  5:21 put  5:16 pm  5:10 put  5:03 pi��i  5:00 pm  4:40 pm  D. & T. M.  Tues.,  Thurs.  & Sat.,  8:00 am  7:47 am  7:42 am  7:31 am  iv 7:26 am  7:21 am  7:16 am  7:10 am"  7:03 am  7:00 am  6:40 am  THE   STEAMER  LEAVES NEW DENVER  every morning at 8 o'clock  (Sundays excepted)  FOR SILVERTON,  SLOCAN CITY and ALU  INTERMEDIATE POINTS.  Returning will,* if possihle, make connection*  with the west-bound train on the N. & S. Ry.  Powder can-ied only on Fridays.  Time Table subject to change without notice.  G. L. EST A BROOK, Master  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  East  West.  . Leave.  9:00 a.m.  10:30"  7:00 a, m.  Daily. Except Sunday.  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  Arrive.  5:20 p.m.  ���3:25  ��t  7:00 p.m.  Kaslo and  Close connection with Steamers for  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle   River aud Boundary  Creek connect at  Marcus with sh-ge daily.  Steamer leaves Nakusp every Sun-  ���     day,   Wednesday   and   Friday  morning, making close connection,  at  Revelstoke with trains'..��� foral! points East or West'  Before you travel get information from  C.P.R.   Agents as to time and  rates.    It will save you money  Apply to nearest Railway Agent  or to  [District Passenger Agent,  Vancouver THE   LEDGE.  Fourth  Year.  Published every Thursday.  K.     T.    LOWERY,    EDITOR    AND  3 FINANCIER.  ,   SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  ONE YEAR ��2.00  Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line first in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paj)er if you wish. Always send something good  no nratter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot, and we will do the rest  THURSDAY, MARCH 18.' 1897.  Slocan so as to take in tbe Ainsworth  mining division. As the people in  the Nelson, Vernon, Kamloops, Kettle  River, Lardeau and Trout Lake  mining* divisions might feel hurt we  turther suggeet that all these divis.  ions be taken, into the Slocan, and let  us have one big district, all Slocan.  This will please the wild-cat grafter  and save people the awful sin of calling us a liar when they ought to  know better.  THE   TRUE   STORY.  A few weeks ago we made a statement that the Ibex Mining^ and De  velopment Company of Slocan, was town through all the hard times and  advertising their properties as being  in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay, when they were not. This  is a positive fact, as any person can  In 1892 the Government sold by  auction what is now the best portion  of New Denver. The lots at that  time brought boom prices and were  promptly bought up by speculators,  most of whom up to date have only  made the first payment. , A number  of citizens who have stopped with the  Capital (all paid up) $12,COO,000.CO  Reserved fund : ': 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40  Sir Donald A. Smith, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon.'G. A. Drummond, Vice-President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  A. Macnider, Chief Inspector & Supt. of Branches.  A. B. Buchanan, Inspector of Branch returns.  W. S. Clouston,  Assistant Inspector.  James Aird, Secretary.  Branches in  the United States.  all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain.* and  improved their property sent a petition to the Government recently requesting that deeds be given those  who   had  improved   their property  New Denver Branch.  A general banking business transacted.  BANK OF  WM NOBTH AMERICA  Established in 1836.  incorporated by royal charter in 18*10  find out who will take. the. trouble to. without any further payments, and  search the records,    We are  not in j that the balance of the property be  the habit of making false statements,  but if we should do so we will make  amends as quick as any man in the  silvery west. This being a well-  known fact to Kootenay people, we  are surprised to find the following in  the Toronto Mail-Empire of March  9ih:���  "We, the undersigned, hereby certify that the properties of ,the Ibex  Mining and Development Company  of Slocan, formerly the Brennard  group, are Slocan properties in every  sense, being near the Whitewater  mine and other well-known Slocan I prospects   but no  property  sold by auction if the holders did not  pay up. The*request of the pioneers  was refused, and New Denver will  have to build around the vacant lots  held by speculators until the present  Government goes off shift.  Paid-up Capital $4,866,666  Reserve Fund     1,338,333  London  Office���3 Clements  St.. E. \j.  Lane, Lombard  OF  properties. There is no truth in the  Denver Ledge article regarding its  location, which is in the Ainsworth  mining division of the Slocan camp.  (Signed) John Keen, 0. G. Dennis, R.  F. Green, H. Giegerich, T. G. Proctor, H. E. Porter, and 0. T. Stone, all  of Kaslo."  It is a wonder to us that such solid  and honorable citizens would lend  their names to an article accusing the  editor of this paper of being a liar  when such is not the case.    They  could not have read the article closely or else they have been deceived  into signing the declaration.     When  we stated that the properties of the  Ibex mining and Development Company of Slocan, were not in the Slocan Mining Division of West Kootenay  we told the truth,  and we will bet  $1000 we are right.   Will some of the  solid citizens of Kaslo take up the bet  or else admit that they were in error  when they rushed into public print to  defame a man who is not afraid to  tell the truth, even if it does pinch  some of the wily schemers now roam  ing loose   in this glorious country  Gentlemen, come to the front.  The Winnipeg and Eureka Mining  Co., with Hon. T. M. Daly, Q.C., as  president, are advertising in Vancouver that thev have "A Great Slocan  Mine, on Cariboo creek, eight miles  from Slocan lake." , In this particular  section of the Slocan there are many  mines, Many of  the prospects may make mines with  proper development, but at present  the Hon. Daly's company are a little  previous with the announcement that  they have a great mine and shares  only 10 cents on the dollar,    ���'  We arc showing- the finest line of samples yet offered for the trade in Tweeds,  Twills', Venetians, Cheviots, Serges; etc  COURT  J. H. Brodie  John James Cater  Gaspard Farrer  Henry R. Farrer  Richard H*. Glyn  Secretary  .DIRECTORS.  E. A. Hoare ***  H. J. B. Kendall]  J. J. Kingsford  Frederic Lubbock  Geo. D. Whatman  A. G. Wallis.  -I he Host  Elegant Patterns  In Trouserings yet exhibited in tiie  country. Overcoatings, correct styles,  lit and finish.  Right.  The impression is common in South  Africa that the Mines in Kootenay  can be worked only part of the year.  We are pleased to inform our South  African friends that the Kootenay  mines can do business summer and  winter, and that i% is the most pleasant mining country we know of.  R. S. WILSON,  Merchant Tailor  Revelstoke, New Denver and Brandon.  TTOWARD  WEST,  Assoc. R S'M, London, Eng  Kaslo is not in the Slocan. In the  early days when it was filled with  boomsters and grafters of every kind  the name Slocan was stolen and applied to that part of the district. This  town is twenty miles from theSlocan>  and its citizens are so anxious to be  considered in the Slocan that we  would suggest that the Minister of  Mines widen  the  boundaries of the  The Slocan is filling up with hobos,  tramps, chair warmers, grafters, sure  thing gamblers and other members  of the human leech family. They  are evidently welcome as the Government has not yet provided any police protection for the Slocan lake  country.  The newspaper offices in Sandon  and New Denver are to be equipped  with modern machinery, which will  make them second to none in the  Kootenav.  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties  examined   and reported on   for  in  tending purchasers.  Head Office in Canada���St. James St.,  Montreal,  ! H. Siikpjman, - -    ,    General Manager  J. Elmsly, Inspector.  BRANCHES   IN  CANADA.  London Kingston Halifax N, S.  Brantford ' Ottawa Rossland. B.C.  Paris Montreal       ��� Sandon, B.C.  Hamilton Quebec Victoria, B.C.  Toronto St- John, N.B. Vancouver, B.C,'  Fredei-icton, N.B. * Winnipeg/Man. Brandon, Man.  Kaslo, B C, Trail, B C  - AGENTS IN THE UNITED STATES. ETC.  New York���52 Wall Street���W. Lawson & J. C.  Welsh.    '  Sau Francisco���124 Sansom St.���H. M. I. Mc-  Michael and J. R. Ambrose.  London Bankers���The Bank of England Messrs  Glyn & Co.  Foreign   Agents���Liverpool���Bank  of  Liver  E.ol. Scotland���National Bank of Scotland  imited, and branches. Ireland���Provincial  Bank of Ireland, Ltd., and branches, National  Bank, Ltd., and branches. Australia���Union  Bank of Australia, Ltd. New Zealand���Union  Bank of Australia, Ltd. India, China and Japan  ���Mercantile Bank of India, Ltd. Agra Bank,  Ltd. West Indies���Colonial Bank. Paris-  Messrs. Marcuard,.Krauss et Cie. Lyons���Credit  Lyonnais.  *���    GEORGE KYDD. Managei  Sandon, BC  First Bank Established in the Slocan  Assay office and Chemical  vue ave, New Denver, B C.  Laboratory, Belle-  A man is known by the company  that he���floats���Tit-bits.  Bant Of Britis  FOR  SALE.  One 30-Horse Power Semi-Portable  Engine and Boiler, suitable for saw  mill, Second-hand, in First Class  shape. Price, F.O.B. Roseberv or  Sandon, $1000.  Apply for full particulars to  F. S. ANDREWS,  Slocan Citv. B.C.  Of Diamonds,  Watches,  Jeuxelvy,  Clocks,  SIlyei?uuarre,  itc, Etc.  Incorporated by Royal Charter 1862.  Capital (with power to increase) :j2,920,0(X>  Reserve       486,663  Head Office : 60 Lombard Street, London, Eng.  branches:  In British Columbia:���Victoria, Vancouver, New  Westmin ister .Nan aimo ,K amloops ,NELSON,  KASLO and SANDON, (Slocan District).  In the United States:���San Francisco and Port-  land. -  Agents and Correspondents:  CANADA .-���Canadian Bank of Commorce,  Merchants' Bank of Canada, the Molsons Bank,  Imperial Bank of', Canada and Bank of Nova  Scotia. UNITED STATES:���Canadian Bank  of Commerce (Agency), New York; Bank of  Nova Scotia, Chicago. The London and San  Nrancisco Bank, Ltd., Tacoma. The PUget  Sound National Bank. Seattle. The Exchange  National Bank, Spokane. AUSTRALIA AND  NEW ZEALAND:���Bank of Australasia,  HONOLULU:   Bishop & Co,  Local Manager.  Sandon Branch.  lyi*   W. BRUNER, M. D  Physician & Surgeon.  Three Forks, B.C.  A full line of Drugs and Perseription Remedies  kept on hand  New Dknvek.  We make a special rate on hotel and  restaurant silverware. Everything  warranted.  D]  R. A. S. MARSHALL.  Dentist  Kaslo, B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago Fourth Year.  THE   LEDGE.  o  HOSPITAL   NOTES.  Martin Howlett from the Nohli Five mines.who  has been an inmate for some time suffering from  a sprained ankle, left ior Sandon pn Monday  last.  A. Walker, also from the Noble Five, who had  his feet frost-uiiten, was ahle to leave the hospital  last week.  Henry Hanson from the Corinth, who was laid  up with pneumonia, has returned to the mine.  Phil Madden from the Idaho, who has heen  treated for billious fever is again at large.  Jack Barnes is convalescing rapidly and will  soon be able to handle baggage again.  *M. A. McDougald from the Queen Bess, who  had his leg badly fractured and lacerated, is  again able to walk and will soon be a graduate  from the hospital.     . ���  Steven Savage from the Noble Five, and Adam  Scaia from the Idaho, are both laid up with fractured legs.  John Dockstader from the Slocan Star, is carrying a fractured arm in a sling. "  Dan McKinnon from the Three Forks concentrator is suffering from a severe strain whicli may  yet necessitate an ope atiui.  Wm. Kerr from Slocan City, who had part of  his feet amputated two weeks ago, is doing nicely and will ^shortly be able tj get about again.  Edward Pickett from Genelle's logging camp  had his face and head badly crushed last i week.  Dr. Pohl was s ummoned to Nakusp,and conveyed the patient to the hospital where ne is receiving  every care and is doing as well as can be expected.  o . -���  John Armstrong, one of the men employed on  the building of theC. P. R. steamer at Rdsebery,  was brought to the hospital on Monday suffering  irom an acute fever.  The office of the hospital at Sandon, under the  ' medical charge of Dr. Pohl, has already proved a  great convenience to subscribers and a number oi  patients have heen treated thsre during the past  two weeks.  imity of other rocks. Everyday experience and  discoveries verify the true but true saying that  " silver is in veins', and g>Ad rs where you find it."  -Scientific Press.  A Warning:.  The Miner's union of Rossland is in receipt of a  circular letter from the Perry Peak Miner's union  warning all laboring men to keep away from the  Black Hills, as that country is being boomed in  tie interest of townsite speculators and railroad  companies more interested in passenger receip ��  than the weuare ot the passenger. Hundreds Oi  men are idle and destitute in the Black Hills, so  says the circular, with no prospect of employment,    NEARLY   TWO   MI.LL.IONS.  M1NJE3   ON   PAPER.  Prudence should point out to buyers of mining  stocks the risks whicli are incurred when dealing  with mining companies whose properties are ad  vertised by the circular and pamphlet methods<  Reports for dealers in mining stocks are easily  abtained from any property which the 'dealers are  floating, by the common mode of. securing the  services of ah unprincipled examiner whose name  cannot suffer bv any report he may make; for  ^ie parties who give flattering reports of mines  which are either, valueless or undeveloped-prospects, are either_-.misinformed, ignorant, or mi.  scrupulous; and. in any case without fame or  names which lend' weight to any reports they  sign. ,  Mining journals are naturally in the field for  mining news, and it snould occur, to one who  thinks that reports of development and probable  iutures of legitimate mining properties are likely  to be found in one or more of these, and thus ll  happens that a. subscription to a mining paper  oftenrirovesto.be a better investment than the  subscriber calculated on when subscribing. Re-  1 .ble mining papers, and it does not pay to 1 e  otherwise in this particular field, give facts, as  nearly as it is possible to obtain them, concernms-  mines and mining. Expenses nor labor are spared  to arrive at correct reports. Investors are advised  regarding the progress of work, the outputs,if any  and the likelihood of suture success as development proceeds. Inquiries are answered and every  possible safeguard thrown around those who will  take advantage of it by reading papers published  ior the purpose of .giving such information,  Mines of fabulous value, on paper, are advertised and sold generally by aid of prospectuses and  circulars, but rarely are they mentioned in mining payers except in a derogatory way. Financial journals1 are consulted for information by  shrewd business men; and why people will rusn  into the market and swallow the alluring bait  held out to them by mining stock dealers without  in forming themselves by reading mining journals  is one of the things we cannot understand.  Too Superficial.   -  Nelson, March 13.���During the  past week the ore and matte entered  at the port of Nelson from the mines  and smelters of southern Kootenay  was valued at $185,000. The ore was  drawn about equally from the Slocan  and Iran Creek districts, This  week's shipments bring the total shipments from the district for the present  year up to $1,801,289 exclusive of the  Slocan shipments exported over the  Nakusp & Slocan railway duringthe  present month; which were entered  at the outport of Revelstoke.  The average prospector is altogether too super,  ficial in his -work; finding a vein of certain min.  oral bearing formation he is content to pick  prospect it in one or two of the laigest outcrops.  If at this point the blossom rock is barren, or  spoon, pan or other simple test gives no satisfactory return, however promising and "lively,' the  country formation, enclosing rocks or vein may  be, it is considered no good, and the field is abandoned.   The apex of a shoot or chamber, when  outcroping, may often be covered with less than  a saddle blanket, wedge shaped, with the point  upward, and blind on either side. A week at the  longest of desultory pick work with no good returns, in an extensive virgin territory, convinces  the novice that the El Dorado is " just over the  divide.'' There will be more finds recorded when  the prospector, having discovered a fruitful territory, if it is in human possibility, camps right  therefor the season, and if necessary, when the  lode is blind, trenches to find the source of the  loat, and cross-cuts every 20 Or 30 feet along the  line of the lode claim. Stay with it: persistency  will win. The prevalent fault of the old timer is  apt to be that he is too positive, too bigoted, and  is g-enerally married to certain (to him) favorite  formations, and will have no good in others. To  illustrate: The Montana miner insiste on granite  as a necessity in the country formation; the Cali-  fornian,in contact, or in close proximity slate is a  prime factonin a gold belt, etc. They do not ap  pear to consider that nearly all kinds of rock are  combinations of two or more minerals, and many  kinds of their favorite formation,a few "fruitful,  many " hungry." Nor do they realise generally,  how the deposition of mineral is affected by prox-  Having placed some new machinery  in our Mill, we are prepared to fur  nish all kinds of .rough and dressed  Lumber  and Shingles  at Reduced Prices  PRICE LIST:  Rough Lumber, narrow, $10 oO  wide, $11 00 to 12 ..  Joist and Scantlinj,, sized up to  18 feet long, 11 ..  8 ' to 24 ' 12 ..  24 'to 30 '                       ,      ' 13 ..  Flooring, T & G, G " 20 ..  VjcintCeiling,<* ' 22 '.'.  "Rustic, 19 ..  Shiplap, 14 ..  Surfaced Dressed t 13 ..  A. liberal .discount on large orders for Cash,  PETER GENELLE & Co  Tie Prosiectors' Assay Office  Brandon, B. C,  Assay Price List:  Gold, Silver, or Lead, each  $i.ro  Gold, Silver and Lead, combined  3 00  Gold and Silver..,  2-00  Silver and Lead  2 00  Copper (by Electrolysis)  2 00  GoM, Silver, Copper and Lead  4 50  Gold and Copper  2 50  Silver and Copper  2 00  Gold, Silver and Copper    3 00  Platinum  5 00  Mercury  2 00  Iron or Manganese...........;.  2 00  Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each............... . 2 00  Bismuth^ Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each.  4 00  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and percentage of Coke, if Coking ...  Coal)  ......   4 0  Terms: 'Cash. With. Sample.  June 20th. 1��95. '  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  G  WILLIM & JOHNSON,  (MeGill)  car-  C. S. RASHDALL.  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,  SOLD  AND BONDED.       CORRESPONDENCE   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  esassean  ��n  :��  dOvv  ree  The immense discoveries on. Kokanee  Creek led to the formation of the���  Canadian Mining, Milling & SmeltingCo., Ltd  which has taken over  the  following:  choice claims:  Homestretch,  Glacier 4,  Two Snowbirds,  C13KI �����  Full Sized  Claims  CAPITAL, $2,000,000-2,000,000 SHARES  400,000 shares for development now in treasury;  50,000 shares  now on   the   market  and  selling at 7\ cents  This stock is hound to go up, as any prospector in  the district who has been on the property can tell  you that the croppings on the Homestretch exceed  almost anything: yet discovered in the Kootenay.  The original owners form the company and stock is  selling: on its own merits.  Call on or write to the Secretary for Prospectuses.  Ore can be seen at office.  LEIGHTON & WILLIAMS, Mining Operators & Brokers.  Box Hi, Sandon,* B.C.  New Denver, B.C.  Is situated on the banks of the beautiful Slocan Lake, and guests can sit upon  the balcony and gaze upon the grandest scenery in America without extra charge  The fire escape system is excellent. The rooms are airy and decorated with the  latest results of the wall paper art. The exterior of the hotel is painted h\ colors  that harmonize with the idealistic scenery. The Dining Room is always provided with food that is tasty, digestible and satisfying to tiie inner economy of  man. The Bar is replete with the most modern, as well as ancient brands of  nerve producers.  Goldbugs, Silver Democrats, Canadian Capitalists, Prospectors, Miners,  Tenderfeet, Ten Mile Millionaires and Pilgrims of every shade in politics, religion or wealth are welcome at this house.  Stranger,  make for the Newmarket when you reach the Slocan metropolis and do not for  get the Landlord's namef;  it is  Henry Stege.  Mining Engineers  & Analy - Chemists.  TT   T. TWIGG.  Provincial Land Surveyor.  New Denver, BC  Slocan City,   _   ^ ('    Mheral claims, mines, timber limit*, etc, surveyed  A     DRISCOLL, C. E.,  Dominion & Provincial  Land Surveyor.  (.'oiTPspnudonco solicited. 6  THE   LEDGE,  Fourth  Year.  3IINE   EVALUATION.  i  JJY  C. M. CROSS.  Written for the Mining and Electrical Review.  The trained mining engineer is, of course familiar with the subject in hand. But the practical  miner, whose forte is exploiting and operating  mines, has not often the opportunity of acquiring  tne business knowledge which is an indispensible  part of the expert's training. The mistakes made  in placing values on mining properties are, to the  business man, often ludicrous, and account largely for the indisposition of experienced mining  men to investigate mining propositions, unless  the same are presented by engineers of established reputation /  The capitalist who is a capitalist only because  he is'prudent and calculating estimates a mine as  he would a stock of goods. He informs himself  regarding the quality, quantity, cost, expeuse of  working or selling them, and the profits to be realised. The comparison will be evident a little further on.  The expert is not, as many imagine, a man of  occult knowledge; he simply applies theiesults of  long practical experience to the case in hand and  in the hypothical case here given, are shown general rules of his procedure.  Arrived on' the1 scene  of his operations,   t  ledge is the matter of primary importance, as th3  ledge is the mine.    The hoist, pump, mill and  other surface   improvements ��� are  a secondary  matter.  The superintendent accompanies him underground and he gets an idea of the workings. He  returns to the surface, and, alone with his trusted  assistant, who is supplied with hammer, gad and  bags, goes below again. They cut samples" "from  different parts of the ledge, and, going above, pan  out the rock. If many of the samples "prospect"  the mine is worthy of a systematic sampling.  Going below again in the first drift 10 feet from-  the shaft (supposing that all the workings are in  the pay shoot) the width of the ledge is measured  and noted in a memorandum book. If all the ore  is presumed to be pay, the assistant cuts a shallow  regular trench across the ledge, the cui tings falling on a piece of canvas from which they are at  once transferred to the' bag, tied, sealed and  marked number 1. (In case he is ,not limited for  rime : the expert will probably put in a few holes  and cut samples only from the fresh exposures  made by the shots. But this is merely a precaution against fraud.)  If the pay seems to constitute a portion only of  the ledge, the pay streak is cut across, aud mark-  . ed l A ; the balance of the ledge at this point, if  possible pay, being cut and marked 1 B; and in  the book are entered the places from which the  samples come, as well as the widths of the ledge  at the respective points. At 20 feet from the  shaft the operation is repeated, and so on all  through the levels, shafts, winzes, upraises and  stopes. ��� "  The samples are sealed, sent'above and shipped  io the assay office. While awaiting assay returns a mill is often made to determine the metallurgical character of the ore as to what percentage of the gold' can be saved in the batteries, on  tiie plates, the concentrators and on the slimes  plant. In case the ore should carry much arsenic',  antimony, or other base minerals, the assay alone  would prove very misleading as to the true value  of the rock.  A thorough geological investigation is now  made. The expert carefully looks for evidences  of faults, dikes, "slips, contacts. He samples, the  croppings wherevey they are exposed and. pans  justify extensive developments. ' Proceeding on  this theory the purchase price represents a property to all intents, and purposes of permanent  value, and the reserves will make it pay its way  during development.  A third, or compromise policy,may be adopted.  The purchasers pay a bonus for a working bjhd,  arranging with the owners as to percentage ol  mill returns. The price will undoubtedly be  higher than in the first irtstance. but experienced'  purchasers will calculate haw many feet of shaft  can be sunk and drills run during the life of the  bond, and will, by aid of reserves already opened  up, figure on the probability of exploiting new  reserves sufficient to justify the linal payment  required. **  In these times it is,about useless for an owner to  ask a high price for an undeveloped property.  His price limst be very reasonable in order to command a ten per cent, cash payment. He has no  cause for eomplaint if the best he can do is to ��� get  some one to take a working bond and to show him  whether he has,' or has not a mine. If dealing  with experienced men, he cannot bond ior an arbitrary figure, even if the bond is for a longtime.  Supposing the bond is to run for' a year the holders will calculate what their chances are for fiud-  ing pay, * and in what quantities. They will  figure on the development that can be made in a  year and draAV pretty- quick conclusions as to  whether the price is "stiff" or not.  "Investments in mere prospects are unwise, ex"  cept they be regarded as attempts to ascertain if  there may be a mine," says an eminent authority,  and the truth of this is abundantly attested by the  array of long-faced people who have been "bitten "���  'in gold mining investments.  A word regarding "Ore in Sight." A wide line,  of croppings does not come* under this head, as  vou* njay have" a slide or blow-out. A shaft is not  "Orein Sight;" it is simply a shaft- A string, ot  gopher holes or open cuts is not ."Ore in Sight  Neither is stripping the vein'. Expose three sides  of a block of the true ledge.fdrmation.' Two "sides  shows only "Probable Ore." The mine owner  may be able to see under ground, but the investor  cannot. He thinks of fault3, pinches, horses and  barren streaks as a few of the uncertainties of  mine exploration. And it is the selling price, and  not the asking price that the value on a mine as  on a commodity.  Regarding grand deposits, the same general  rnles govern. The lava cap is worthless, and the  pl'ocene or quaternary channel may be practically so notwithstanding the proximity of paying  mines above and below. Supposing that in the  mine above and in that below the bedrock is yellow slate, highly tilted, pointing up stream', pay  gravel of uniiorm width and depth", and all conditions favorable." Still, there are many possible  contingencies. A dyke may cut-through the bed  rock, or a serpentine belt may run' through our-  claims, or the lamination planes of the "bedrock  may lie flat,"or-sloping in the wrong direction,'or  the grade may be such that the valuable claim below has been enriched at the expense of our claim.  And last, but not least, unless an" expensive topographical survey of the- region be made, the  chances are in favor of the bedrock tunnel being  run too high, to say nothing of possible contraction and barrenness of channel after it had been  bottomed. -  the surface-soil along the prerumed course ot the  ledge, as'th'e're may be ore ur more pay shoots  besides the one being developed. By locating the  end lines of the claim with reference to the shait,  he calculatetthe probability of the shoot pitching  under adjoining- ground.  He next looks over the hoists, pumps, mill and  other surface improvements with a view to their  utility for further exploration and exploitation.  If he is not familiar with the lo jality he gathers  all the available data regarding the cost ol wood,  timber, power, length of working season, transportation rates, etc. He looks over the books for  past yield, and must .be a good accountant so as  not to be mislead by figures on development and  operation.  His work at the mine is now completed. He  next makes a map of the underground works, and  marks each point at which samples were taken  and the size of the ledge at those points, together  with their assay values. If any assay very high,  he discards it and substitutes the average value oi  me two adjacent points. He now i educes his  measurements to tonnage and finds from the different widths and values -just wnat portions of the  ore in sight can be progtably mined. He then  makes calculations something like this:  i )re in sight 18,8.00 tons  Mill value per ton .$i5  Value of ore in sight........ .1850,000 nearly  Price of mine.... . ..is400,000  Cost of necessary improvements 50,006  Alining and milling.($5.28 per ton... .1C0,01. nearly  Interest on =?450,00o (o> 6��/, compounded annually for 5 years...... 152,201  The hard-shell gravel miner is very* wary  running long bedrock tunnels at $8 to :j?l0 per foot  unless the term's of bond, at purchase will give  him a- "tightin g'' chan ce. If t he tun n el has been  driven and gangways run, then of course value is  estimated in much the same manner as in a quartz  mine.  A gravel deposit that prospects at the grass roots  is not necessarily a bonanza. In Oregon are immense rich deposits that are worthless because  they have no-dunp, In Humboldt county the  writer knows a gravel deposit that shows gold at  the grassroots, but none below until bedrock is  readied ' Hence grass root prosoeots do not indicate depth or dls.i'ibutun of tae pay. At the  Malachofi" Diggings in Nevada County, ;!,(i4,000  was spent prospecting the gravel before 'putting  in a plant In conjunction with the prospecting  outlay must be taken t ie cost and maintenance  of ditches,'pipe-lines *uams, tunnels, sluices, and  always interest on the investment during the  probable life of- the mine. Then the length  water season, the ever threatening litigation, the  risk of land and'snow slides and the cost oi" operation, may render 100,000*000 cubic yards, in place  of 10 cent gravel, worthless, or nearly so.  It is these calculations that make mining a "legitimate" pursuit, and all who fail to regard it as  such must necessarily be elassee as the most reckless of specluators.  Sonoro, Cal., Feb. 4,1897.  A new line of Shoe?,- and ready  made clothing- at T. HOBEN'S.     *  I-IANT nusic CO.,  Pianos, Organs, Sheet Music,  Musical Supplies, Sewing Machines  and Supplies.  iJSTM.-iil orders-receive [ lompt attention.  ."������,,-'.. Spokane, Wash  Civil & Hydraulic-Engineers, Provincial  ��2  Cost of extracting ore in sight $102,201  ,1'roJiton A .  "  .     ", " 1*17,799 or  32.82 ��/o pi'otit on investment, or 0.92 /<, i>er year.  (The expert ascertained that it would require 5  years to mine and mill the reserves in the most  economical manner.)  ���He will now report in one of three ways dependent on the character ol investment his principles are seeking. If they desire simply what  the English call an annuity, he will certainly report against the property, and with good reason,  as 09.2"I, leaves, no margin' for  which may take the form of litigation, breakage  of machinery, labor strikes, etc.  We now see how the"want-two-dollars-for-one"  men can actually lot*, money by  QM. WOOD WORTH, M.A., LL,B.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  CONVEYANCE]^, E';c,  Brandon, Slocan City, B.C.  Agents for-Railway Addition to: Rossland  ��&*A number of well locatedmineral claims for sale  DISSOLUTION OF   PARTNERSHIP.  lur i?850,(XX) of ore that is actually in sight  contingencies Sandon, B.C., March 1,1.897.  The  partnership  heretofore   existing between  S. B. Rendee and M. W. Bruner, under the firm  name of S. B. Hendee& Co.. is this day dissolved  paying .-iOO.UOO ��� by mutual consent, if. W. Bruner  retiring. S B  I Hendee' will   pay  all accounts  and   collect   all  If the principles are nervv men aud the mine * monies, payable by or due to the above Company  ���t favorably. Mromtno above date,  fcameroH  Formerly of Winnipeg.  .should warrant, the expert may report favorably.  He will show that the mine has all the indications  of hi.ing a   pcrman.M.f di'posh.   and   that   it. will  S. B. HSNDEE.  M��� W.  BRUNER  g  in the: ���  ��  Latest Style  -r~: of tbe :���  Tailops' flirt.-  "4;  Shops Fourth Year.  THE   LEDGE.  'LECTION   TIME   ON   GROSSE  POINT.  Genlemeus I'm going tell you boufde lection  What happen every four year,  When de Frenchmen get he coat jerk round-  Every man wants to give her some steer.  Now listen! while I tell you  How's she happen on my place  For most people know Alex Cedar  What haint never seen her face.  Well 1 de lection she's come on  De June de twenty-three.  And de Frenchman know by hexperienee  Dat's de time ior cheap whiskee.  An' all de time fore lection day  I don't try work my farm,  For every man I meet she sav  "Alex, took some horn." ���  Big John, she's my neighbor,  Live right across the lot,  Well! John's no fool, he haint,  And all de time watch for some pot.  Well, out come dem feller,  With lots whiskey and beer,  Dey was stop on my place  End make lots noise with cheer.  So I's just sing out hurra for hurrajr,  For I can't speak Hanglish pretty well,  I don't give my politic away,  'CauscT got liim for to sell-  Queer thing, when lection tarn com round,  All big mans from town know me,  But jus' wait till lections over,  Gh 1 perfidy sacre.  �� But I like talk wid dem feller,  Deys ail so hejueate.  An' can figure on de school question  Widout der book or slate.  Bimeby I'm get so politick  I make speech on de school,  An' bote party what hear me  Say Alex no damn fool.  For deys becoup of Frenehmens on Quebec,  What aint more smart I be,,  Who set on top that parliament house  An' speakno better than me.  Bimeby de lection day come round,  And I'se hitch de old grey inaro,  An' pass upon dat polling piace  To put my vote in dere.  An' bote party of politick  When 1 was come in sight  Walk up and strike me on the back-  Each tink key got me right.  So I was walk upon dat pole,  An' wink my eye both way,  For no man can tell which way I vote,  I don't care, what he say.  Now ! my hidea for politic  Is get so much ycu can,  *  For alter lection day's gone by  Your just one common man.- ���  ���Captain Burk.  THIS. IS   A   SHARK   GAME.  Toronto Directors Wlio Put Up Notching-  and Vote Themselves Money.  The Toronto correspondent of The Rosslander  writes nis paper :  I heard the other day a- story which goes to  prove that all the sharks are not irom Rorsiand.  A development company was formed* here in  which each of the iive provisional directors received 10,000 shares of stock for the use of their  distinguished names. Not one of them put up a  dollar, and even the money required for. the preliminary advertising was raised by means of a  note. When money began to come in these precious directors voted thern&elves' #10 per board .meeting, with no limit to the number of meetings.  Rossland cannot beat.that sort of thing. The  company is well supported by the public, and in  spite of its disgraceml inception may be a success.  There is, however, always, great danger of bad '  management an. a concern .where "the-directors  have none of their own money at rtake, or' merely a nominal sum.  .  ANTIMONY MINE.  To Ee Opened Up and Developed in the  Township of Bari'ie.  test of the machine made in Ivuiisas ^City, where  the inventors reside, consisiedjof running,thivugh  100 pounds of river ssud in which had been placed  jjlOO in gold dust, every cent of which was recovered in the test. This machine now here will, be  erected at some convenient point and will be a  the service of miners and. prospectors who wish t  test its merits. The inventors claim that by ^  use the ordinary amalgamating tables iu a sfem,  mill can be done awav with, the pulp passing directly from the stamps or crushers into the machine through hoppers.  , Tho Hi* Five.  Although this lead was one, of the latest disco v.  ered on Larileau creek, it is one for which prospectors had been looking for the previous five  years, on account of the richness  of the float  found in the gulch at the head of Lardeau river  above which the lead lies.   This float consisted of  a silver copper glance, which in one instance assayed as nigh as 8000 oz. of silver to the ton.   The  lead was hhally located last summer by L. Thompson, A. Carter, and J. Kirkpatrick just above the  timber ine on the mountain at the head of the  gulch.   The lead is a contact of lime and slate, a  characteristic of all the best leads in that part of  the country.   The ledge isifrom 10 to 20 feet wide,  carrying a large body of of silver copper glance  galena, iron and copper.   Assays from the lead  have gone 80 to 8000 oz. in silver, besides considerable gold,.copperand lead.   The property has  been bonded to Messrs. Macpherson and Suowden  tor $100,000, who did some development, work last  fall, and will commence again this season.    This  lead will prove another shipper for Ferguson this  year.  Meerschaum Mining in Turkey-  Rich deposits of meerschaum are found twenty  miles to the south-east of Eski-Shehir, a station on  the Anatolian Raiiway. Pits from.25 feet to 120  deep are dug, and when the bed is struck, horizontal galleries are' made; but more than two galleries are seldom found iu one pit.  Tne stone extracted is called hamtash (rough  rock,) and is soft enough to be cut easily with a  kniie. It is white, with a yellowish tint, and is  covered with a red, clayey soil. In this state the  blocks are purchased by dealers; by the bulk, the  price varying from ��5 to ��30 per load, according  to quality. Most of.the finest specimens of the  dried meerschaum are sent direct to Paris.' It. is  maintained locally that the Eskks-Shehir meerschaum is superior to that of Crimea" ^nd also that  of Greece.  c?y  Tin in B. C.  It is rumored that the Toronto Silver and Antimony Mining Company will shortly put in a plant-  to work their valuable property in- the Township  of Barrie, 7 miles from Plevna, village. Assays  made by-De war & Son of "this city give over $400  tV> the ton in silver, antimony, copper and lead.  Then again, 7 miles west of this property, is to be  found one of the best properties of: white mica i n  Ontario, with tons'of mica in sight; and it also is  idle and has been for some time. A party in New  York is in communication with the owner with  a view-to purchase and work the mine. Samples  of this mica- would cut 12 x 16 inches.  Mr. A H. Holdich of Nelson writes as follows :  A prospector, W. Feeney, whom I have known  some time, brought in some small nugget* of soft  white metal.which he had picked out oi a rock on  one of his claims, and wanted to know what it  was���thought it was natural amalgam (gold and  mercury). That I knew it wasn't from the weight  but considered it. was arsenic. On examination,  however, it- is*undoubtedly -native tin���the mvt  ever found to.'.my knowledge in B. C. and not  very common anywhere according to the best  mmeralugical autnors. You may make what use  you please of this statement: it is an absolute  fact that tin has been proved to exist, metallic,  in B. O. .    When in   Vancouver stop at the  Manor House. f  or Rossland  MINING STOCKS and REAL ESTATE  AP���iy to j E rims,  ���   Real Estate and Mining Broker  Rossland. B C  Agent for the Montreal syndicate lots, of th  original townsite.of Rossland.. Perfect titles.  J; Edmond Angrignon  El Dorado Ave.  NEW DENVER.  next Bourne Bros  To Save   Flour Gold.  At Deadwood,says the Dead wood Times,Char le8  Cotton is now introducing in the Black Hills Barr  & Johnston's patent hydraulic gold separator. It  is a very simple contrivance, and from a test  made on placer tailings it does its work to perfection. The machine consists of a series of cast  iron tiaps Or boxes, in which are placed amalgamated copper plates. The pulp from a stamp  mill on thegravel fiom a placer claim is fed into  the first trap or box, which is charged with a certain amount of quicksilver. The pressure of  the water causes the quicksilver to boil np and  thoroughly amalgamate with the gold contained  in the pulp or gravel. The material passes bv a  syphon action through the series of traps and is  finally discharged from the last one. everv particle of gold being retained in the traps. The invention is designed primarily to recover the fine  flour goldwhich usually floats off in the tailings,  but recovers as well the. coarser gold.   A recent  T.  D.  SLOCAN CITY.  Dealer in���  Hardware, Tinware,  Building Paper,  Stoves,   Dynamite,  Nails,   Glass,    Putty,    Wood   Fibre  Paiis and Tubs.  Ja^ C. CRAWFORD, V  MINING and  REAL  ESTATE BROKER,  Mines in the Trail Creek District  for  sale   on   Stocking* or  Bonding!  basis. Office: TRAIL, B.C.  May never be a second Butte, but it will be  �� 'Hie  CyO     and is now  W The  Its location in the centre of what is admitted to be the  richest silver district on earth cannot help, with the unsurpassed scenery that surrounds it upon everyjside, but make  one of the most famous towns of modern times. If vou  -desire a home in this beautiful spot buy a lot from  ANGUS M'QILLVRAY  ���a  Hotel  ��Mi SANDON  -Tliis   bTew  House,-  With the old name, is well equipped to accomodate a large number'of Guests.   The building ua  plastered and the rooms*are unsurpased for comfort in the Slocan, while in the  Dining Room can be found the best food in the market.  ROBERT  OTTJtfiNTN-GI-  Proprietor*  Manufacturers and Importers of  I  UNDERTAKING and EMBALMING.  SHANNON'S BLOCK.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  I  j  I  I  I  h  in  In each of their establishments  The wind  never blows sand  Have stores at  Sandon  Silverton  into the granulated saacharine. nor do the flies mnkn  cemeteries out of the butter-tubs.    Every thing,, exce j��  the prices are high grade in these^stores and the public,  and npii-ppp "Forlr^    especially new pilgrims,  should   not   overlook this  sterling icXCti  -Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a large number of people. The rooms are largo  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided ���.-with everything in the market.  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John--Buckley? Prop.  CS  0  ��  Agents for B.C. Sugar Refinery and  Royal City Planing Mills. 7[A  \:  8  THE   LEDGE,  Fourth Year.  MINING  RECORDS,  Recorded at  New  Denver  Transfers and Locations:  the   Assessments  ������: ASSESSMENTS.   .  ,' .March 11.   a  Slocaii King, Emma and Jennie���Bvron N  White Co. ....   ,":-:., " V:  Climax No3���J H Wallace.  March 12.  Spokane and Last Chance No 3���Neil McLean.  Idler���James Caleb, Miller.  '���','. .March 15." '������  Lucky Jim, Roadley, St George, Shields, Moses,  Dragon. Alta Shiloh,'Roanoke, and John Plum-  mer Fraction���Wm Braden.  LOCATIONS.  ., March 9.  Model��� Lemon creek. Henry W Farrcll.  Spanish���Lemon creek, Eli Carpenter.  March 30,  .   South Arlington���Springer creek, Geo Henderson.  Lillie B Fraction���Springer creek, Blair Carter  Mott���Lemon creek, Dan Haulon.  March 11.  You Bet���Eight Mile. Angus McWilliams.  Rio Grand���Four Mile, Allen McDonald  O K Fraction���Four Mile, F H Bartlett.  March 13  .  Nakusp���Carpenter, Wm Findlay  . Morning Glory���Carpenter, Andrew Erickson  March 15  Cristolite���Between Springer and Lemon, G A  O'Connor  Genesta���Slocan City, John P Driscoll  .   Dexter���Four Mile, James Beard'  March 16  Goldie���Springer, Fred Kilpatrick  Snowshoe No 5���Lemon, Louis Hickman.  Kokomo���Lemon, A L Curtis  TRANSFERS.  March 9  Stephen a Powers to John Maddigan  and Emerald; Mch 8, $1  H. H. Knox to G A Love��� 3 Allie; March 9, $1  March 10  W B Young to Geo W Fife���& Yakima and Owl  No 3; Feb 18, $1  Hamilton Douglas to Duncan McPherson���1/G  Pittsburg; March 5, ��1  Harry Sheran to Chas Hoffman���the Cultus;  ���Feb 18. $4000  R N Clay to Ella Brown���.1. Little Club; Feb 13,  ��250  J A Cooper and E McFadden to W S Thompson���J Silver Leaf; Feb 23. $1  G L O'Neil to A P Anderson���i Sultana; March  10, $1  Joseph Hethington and Josiah Fletcher to Jas C  Ryan���2/5 Sadie; Oct 10, *200A  kobt Ewin to V C Rackliff j���?. Crossfell; July  16, $1. ������.:��� ������������"..���     "   a        '   ';���,  J  March 11  John W Clark to L G York���I/O Roaring  Meg  Jan 26; $50  Geo A McTaggart to John W Clark���J Roaring  Meer, Jan 22; **!  WB Young to Geo M SoRcl'e-l/G Victoria,  April 4; i&lA'���  Daniel McDonald to Angus P McDonald���The  SemereUa, Oct 2; ��1  Angus P McFJierson to The Carnduff-'Mining  Go, Ltd���-J Semerelda, Feb 26 ; .i:50  J J Godfrey to Geo Brine���{ Para, Feb 26 ; si  D S Wallbridge to Geo Brine���J Para, March4;  ���U "���  Wm Valentine, AC Wheeler, and C H Aber-  crombie to Amos Thompson���option on The Little  Daisy and Golden, March 10:  ��60  p::!!l|[lll!in|l!II![!!l!lllll!!!llll!|i|!!!ll!!!!lll!!H||l||!!!!l!i!!!!!!!i[!!!!lll!ll!H!!ll!!l.^  J NE\(yS IN PLAQE J  &llllilliillllliillillIllllillliliW  The lumber famine is still ragi;   in the Slocan.  New Denver is very much in '.need of a public  bail.;.-.,;-.;. ��� ,.-���..      .'-_. - ''j ;..;.a','.;'.  New Denver sports had plenty of money bet on  yesterdays jn-ize tight.  It is said that a Toronto man has bought Black's  hotel in Sandon for ^20,000. a a ���  The office hoiirs at the post office in New Denver are from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. a  Thomlinson has sold his''lots in Nakusp to  G. D. Kajnd.  I). S. WALLBBIDaE.  Wm  Moses Yingling for  j500 cash.  as  The Denver will again be put afloat as soon  Captain Wardroper's engineer arrives.  John M. Burke was in Kaslo the other day and  his many friends were delighted to see him.  The Ledge office in New Denver and the Pay-  streak in Sandon are to be fitted with modern  machinery immediately.  The contract for building the C. P. R. wharf,  offices and warehouses at this place has been let  to Messrs Dunn and Gallagher.  -1 ^  Notaries JPn^  Mines bought and sold. Stocks for sale in all B. C. mines.  Official brokers*ior Wonderful Group Mining* Co.  Kootenay agents for Bondholder Mining Co.,  St.   Keverne Mining Co  Phoenix Consolidated Mining Co. and Two Friends Mine Co.'s stocks.  Oom. )anes  Stocked a-zici  Promoted. ,'V  posts against the plaintiff. Wells appealed to the  fall coiirt, which lu s just decided that the words  -in on it'"'mean that Wells was entitled to oiie-  half the claim.  Slick People.  Certain Rat Portage men are making a  big  j thing out of the Algoma mining boom.   Their  iigu es. take  a on'nvpf thP T.prio-P  wmftinintf W    A    Hir-   Plan is to secure prospects at low iigu es  A copy et the Lecige containing   \\.  A..car-MLe?esofquai.tz f*om the 8urfabe of the volns  lyle's full report will be sent to any address in the  world upon receipt of 10 cents.  J. C. Bolander has given the contarct for his  cottage building to Andy Wallace. Lumber is  already ordered and building will commence at  once. ���     . . ,  If you wish to post yourself upon the Slocan  buy a copy of The Ledge containing'Carlyle's lull  report upon the Slocan. Sent to any address upon  receipt of 10 cents.  J. C. Siemon, of Siemon Bros'. Manufacturing  Co., of Wiarton, Ont., spent a few days in, New  Denver looking into the business iuture of the  place and incidentally getting his eye iixed on  properties in .which to invest, it being his intention to return here later in the season.  and send agents with these samples to Eastern  Ontario. These emissaries visit Ontario towns  and cities, and on the strength of ore specimens  dispose of the properties to local business men.  The prospects are bought for from ��100 to *,400,and  sold for irom >-5000 to $6X)0, and companies are  organised to develop them. It is understood that  no less than 90 such sales have been made in that  province by one-Rat Portage svndieate alone.  The Wagon Road.  Union  SLOCAN   CITY.  A policeman has been appointed for this town  and vicinity. 9  Gething & Henderson are doubleng the capacity  of their hotel by the erection of an addition.  The Park and Victoria hotels in Brandon have  increased the number of their rooms.  The free bus has fallen  boats.  into line and -meets all  Sltojeski & Co. are  Park avenue.  putting up  a  builning  on  Thos Blanch to A E Hillman���\ Northern Pac-  i.ie and Grand Trunk, Maicli 8; *1  Wm Stubbs to A E Hillman���\. Great Western  and Lone Pine, March 11, $1  A E* Hillman to Mrs. Emma Gray���i each,  G-reat Northern, Grand Trunk. Great Western,  Northern Pacific, Lone Pine and Tallicom, March  11; ST    ..-  Josephine L Pollard to Samuel L Goldberg-  option on ��� �� Rainbow, Broad Guage, Seophy,  March lo; >52  March 12  Stephen Powers et alto Philip J Hickev���The  Biawabik and Victoria, March 5 ;A��i5.t00  Stephen Powers to Philip J Hicky���2/!J Biwabik  March 5; $1  \V J Cameron to Peter Grant���*V Forty-Eiirhty-  Two,Feb2..: *io<) :" "      '"    '  March 13  J A McDonald to John  Several hotels and stores arc in course of, erection.  The manner in which the townsite of Slocan  City has been handled does not appear to give  satisfaction. C. L. Hoffman and James Delaney  who own 3/16 of the townsite filed a lis pendens  ���last January against Frank Fletcher in order to  restrain himirom doing further real estate business in thistowns.t i until they received a stateme t  oi now things stood. As a trustee Fletcher is not  wanted by Hoffman and Delaney. They will  force him when the matter comes before the  court to explain matters to them satisfactorily.  Maiiy parties who bought lots in Slocan City  have placed their cases in legal hands and it  looks as though there was. a heap of trouble looming up in this particular .���������locality.  SANDON.  As a result of a' meeting  held in  in Silverton last week  the following  telegram was sent to the Premier at  Victoria :  To The Honorable J. H. Turner,  Premier.  At a largely attended meeting held  at Silverton on March 12 the following resolution was adopted as representing the unanimous sentiment of  the citizens present and voting:  Resolved, that the Government of  the Province be petitioned and the  same is hereby earnestly petitioned  to appropriate a sufficient siim.of  money to complete: the present road  from Silverton to New Denver and to  extend said road from New Denver  to Sandon.  J, A. MacKinnon V.  Grant Thdrburn  } Committee.  J. M. Benedum   j  Worry Kills  And' that COUGH worries,  Therefore,  Kill that cough  For a cough that tickles in your throat  and rasps the lining off the bronchial  tubes, to say nothing of keeping you  awake nights���  Use  BOVELL/S  Cough  You will get it at ���  Nelson's Drug Store  New Denver, B. C.  In regard to the land claimed by F. M. O'Brien,  a letter from the commissioner of lands and works  reads as follows:  G. M. Sproat, Victoria, B.C.: "       ,  Dear 'Sir���I havd the honor to acknowledge the  receipt of of your letter of the 24thAulto.y and iiv  reply beg to say that the'lands applied for by Mr.  " *��� ���* O'Brieu, near Sandon, are not open to pur  F. M.  Hughes���| Besf-ie, Dec  Bessie, Dec  Jas A McDonald to Morris Davis  1-1 *-50  W C Mc Lean. J G Mc Lean and W A Flager to  \VN Kolfe���The Nenpariel, Black-bird, "ironsides, Seattle, and ?, Vernon, Jan 19 ; .-35,000  Philip Aspinwall to Geo J   Atkins���} Idaho No  2, A ug 30, 1804 ; ^101)00  W P Smith to A H lilumenaiicr- The Jeanette,  March 12: >'4,500  Peter Grant to W  A   Campbell���Forty-Eighty-  Two, March 2; -1  March 15  Jaspar King to A L 'Davenport���| Jo Jo. >.!'  Angus R Johnston to Wm Christie and Geo L  Courtney���the White Rose. Feb 20:>i  1.) A Van Dom to D K McLennan���A Mountain  Chief No 2 and Sarnia, *20o  Nathaniel K Franklin to Wm L Vinson���The  Tailahassie, March4;jfl-  Kenneth Morrison to James Beard���1. Innugural  March 12: W  Same to Same���} Clyde, March 4 ; -.1  M P Adams and Joseph Can ledge to Geo Slee-  man and Jas G Kcleher���Tin; Sarah B, Katie I)  Hilltop, Feb 27: $1  Burt Pearson to F S ��� Andrews���The .Sweii.  Marclr "15: sum  chase, a part of it overlapping previously granted  and recorded mineral- claims. It also comes  within the boundaries of the Kaslo & Slocan railway reserve.  ,: (signed):  W.L.Goke,  Deputy Commissioner of Lands and Works.  This is hard on Frank,.and the brilliant" genius  who carried the axe for him when Sandon was re-  staked. Still if they persevere in that line of business they may yet do well. Enterprise, pluck*,  and nerve like these young men displayed will  eventually bring its own reward. Stick io it boys,  no matter if the trail blazers call you claim jump  ers, you may yet be able to crawl into some nice  growing town byithe flaw r .ute, and then, whaf[a  nice thing you' would have, even if the other fellow did bweat to obtain it  palacejook around at paintings Tt _ _f_ - tynfvarn  te wall, pat the bull pup on the ll seis a *<nown  The Slocan is flooded withal] kinds  of newspaper men. The day is very  chilly when some scribe or wandering typo does not come into our editorial  oh the wail, pat tne pun pup  back, and then wonder where the editor got his diamonds.  Sandon has a new organisation in  the Eegent Mining and Development  Co., with the samo $1,000,000 frills.  The trustees are W, G. H. Todd, C. B.  McCluskey and J. W. Switzer.  in Typewriters is the.^;  and tested  ���IN ON IT."  The appellate court at Victoria has decided the  celebsated Monitor mining case in favor of Wells,  the appellant, and against Petty, the respondent  The case is a particularly interesting one, as it  involves a question of ownership, it seems that  in May, 1895, iYtty determined' to prospect the  hills near Three Forks, He met Wells, who told  him that he had found some float and informed  him where he thought he would find the ledge. It  is said that before Petty started out lie told Wells:  -If I rind the ledge, you are in on it."  The ledge was found and the Monitor mine  located, which conld not now be bought for *?75,-  0iX>. As the mine was becoming valuable, \Vells  brought- suit for one-half interest. The facts as to  the conversation were not disputed. The supreme  court judge declared his inability to decide what  "in on it" meant, suiting that it was'too indefinite,  conceding, however, that there was some sort oi  contract in which the plaintiff was entitled to  something.    The e.i.se  was dismissed .with    the  NEW DENVER, B.C.  of excelence  Everyone  knows what it  represents���the  Best Work with  Least Labor,  Enduring Service, Unequalled Economy  i n d Conveni-  ience.  The....  No.  Model  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  EMIL POHL. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines free of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of the above.  For further information apply to���  J. PI Brouse, M.D.",  New Deriyer, B.C.  or���    Emi'l Pot-il. M.D., Sandon. B.C  bears the stamp of  Unqualified Public Approval  Many notable improvements in the  1897   MODEL.  Catalogue free on Application.  JOHN ff. Mil & CO,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  BOOKS, PAPEE,  OFFICE SUPPLIES  and > ALL PAPERS.  SPOKANE, WASH.  MRS. W. W. MERKLEY.  Has always on hand a large stock of  Dry and Fancy Goods,  Millinery and  Gents' Furnishings.


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