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The Ledge Jul 28, 1898

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Array ^4/fVtiA'^i  Volume V.   No. 43.  NEW DENVER, B. C, JULY 28, 1898.  Price, $2,00 Yeak  MINESAB0UTSL0GAN  Ore has been struck in the funnel on  the Bosun.  A third tunnel is to be commenced on  the Palmita.  present one. The addition in office room  is in answer to a need that has been felt  for some time past.  A telegram was received last night by  ���,,    t.      i       1/-.J1. _u    Fred. Mulholland,  the manager of the  The Egypt;and Conductor are to be   Deer Park, from the head offices of the  Crown-granted.  The Idaho shipped 150 tons last week  to the Everett smelter.  A find of aluminum  is  reported from  the suburbs of Brooklyn.  : Operations are to be resumed on the  Hillside, near Whitewater.  . Bunkhouses and other buildings are  to be erected at the California.  company in Toronto, announcing that  all the treasury stock now offered has  been sold to a syndicate of eastern shareholders for 20 cents per share. The sale  places the company in excellent financial  position, and it will be in shape now to  install at once a compressor and a hoist  on the property, besides carrying on all  the necessary development work.  THE   MOLLIE    GIBSON.  Kufus     Pope     T��ll-     About    the    Great  Mining;    Property.  The Wakefield will wait for snow he-  fore making any more shipments.  The Alamo and Cumberland will again  commence shipping next month.  The Kaslo-Slocan Development Co.  has a fine showing on their White  Grouse claims.  The Pilot Bay smelter will be blown in  again when tlie Crow's Nest Railway  reaches Kootenay lake.  The survey for the wagon road from  Sandon to the Queen Bess has been completed.   The road will cost $8,000.  Another shaft is to be sunk on the  Wonderful in search of the ledge that  must be somewhere on the property.  About a dozen men are working at the  Montezuma, on TCaslo creek. The air  compressor will soon be put to work.  The concentrator at the Whitewater  when running can crush 100 tons of ore  daily. Fifty men ..are employed at this  mine.  The road to the Athabasca gold mine,  near Nelson, has been completed and  machinery is being drawn to tlie property.  There is considerable activity along  Lemon creek, and several strikes are  reported by parties doing assessment  work.  Several miles of the wagon road from  Cariboo City to the Silver Queen have  been completed. The Government contributed $2,000.  The Spokane papers report the price  paid for the Slocan Boy, $100,000. The  property adjoins the Washington and  was purchased by J. L. Retallack for the  syndicate he represents.  The  mining  interests  of D.  A.  Van  Porn   have  been levied   upon  by  the  -heriff and enough will be sold August G,  to satisfv a   judgment in favor of Thos.  'Lloyd, of Vancouver, for $18S.40.  The recent strike on the Last Chance  should make that property a million  dollar mine. The strike shows two feet  of solid ore in No. 4 tunnel, at a depth of  500 feet. A tram is to be put in at this  mine.  ROSSLAXD   MINING   NEWS.  From the Miner.  Work in the lower tunnel ofthe Evening Star has shown a five-foot body of  medium grade ore.  The White Bear shaft is rapidly Hearing the 200-foot level, and some excellent  copper ore mixed with talc is met.  The development on the Josie is of  an exceedingly satisfactory character,  and a (ine chute of high grade ore has  been met in the drifts at the 300-foot  level.  The Gertrude and Coxey properties  are undergoing a complete mining survey. The bottom of tlie Gertrude shaft  is looking very well, and no little ore is  met. The Coxe}* crosscut is being continued.  in the Giant shaft, which is down  nearly 25 feet, an excellent body of mineral is met, and the showing there is  good. The tunnel is being pushed ahead.  A. shipment of 15 tons of ore was made  to Trail during tlie past week.  The Great Western and Nickle Plate,  the two properties, which are to be floated as the East Le Roi Mining Company,  are' being continuously developed, but  the B.A.C. carefully refrains from making public any information about the  showing. The new compiessor is nearly  complete.  On the Copper Wonder on Sophie  mountain, six men are engaged in running a tunnel. Superintendent A. G.  White annunces that the intention of  himself and associates is to develop this  pioperty on a large scale during the next  six months. As the necessity requires  the force will be increased.  The War Eagle main shaft is now  down about 600 feet and operations timbering the shaft to the surface and getting it in shape to be the main working  shaft of the property, continue. Some  ore is met in the 500-foot level, although  not in unusual quantities.. The new  boarding house is nearly, completed, and  preparations are now under way for  building a new office just north of the  The ore shipments for the past week  surpass all records in the camp. The  output reached the enormous total of  2,685 tons, which is equal to a daily product of nearly 400 tons. The Le Le Roi,  with 200 tons daily to its credit, led the  list with an output of 1,400 tons during  the week. The War Eagle came next in  order, and accounted for 900 tons, while  the Centre Star, producing 275 tons,  came third in the list. The Iron Mask  produced 35 tons and the Giant 15.  On the Deer Park the shaft is down  about 260 feet, and the ore body, which  had dipped out of the working for several  feet past, is again being encountered in  one side of the shaft. ,. The showing is  much the same as has been since tlie  260-foot level was reached. The tenders  for the new compressor and hoist will be  forwarded this week to Toronto, where  the contract will be let. The company  is in good shape financially as all the  treasury stock offered has been bought  by the shareholders at 20 cents per  share.  The Le Roi ore shipments for the  week amounted to 1,400 tons which came  from all over the mine, although the  new Ridpath slope in the west end of  the 600-foot level furnished its full  quota. The skips are now working successfully to the 700-foot level, and operations are actively under way at lhat  point in the mine. It is announced that  the B.A.C, which is now in control of  the property, intends to reduce the output to 100 tons daily in order to cairy on  the development of the mine with the  utmost speed.  The development of the Iron Mask  mine is being concentrated in the drift  extending east from the bottom of the  winze and in the raise to the west end of  the property. Both places are producing good ore, and .shipments are being  made without interruption to the Trail  smelter.������"������ The application made by the  Centre Star to be released from the injunction secured'by the Iron Mask, restraining the former from continuing the  winze in the hitter's ground will be  heard this week in Victoria, before  Justice Walkem, and the solicitors for  both parties are now there awaiting the  hearing.  On the Mascot tunnel, where a crosscut is in progress to cut the ledge running nearly parallel with tunnel, the  ledge has been penetrated, and proves to  contain about 20 inches of solid ore, containing white iron, chalcopyrits and  iron solphides. The white iron returned  an assay of $27 in gold, while the copper  gave 8 per cent, assays. The crosscut  has passed through the ledge, and it is  probable that work will be suspended  there soon, and revived at the face of the  tunnel which is to be pushed steadiiy  ahead. In the upper shaft which is nov,  down about 32 feet,   the   bottom of the  The legal proceedings in connection  with the Mollie Gibson have made that  mine one of the best known in British  Columbia. Mr. Rufus Pope, M.P., for  Compton, Quebec, is one of the principal owners in the mine. He visited  B. C. recently and has just returned  east. At Winnipeg he was interviewed  about mining matters. He said to a  Telegram reporter:  "Mining prospects are much brighter  than they were a short time ago. Following the mining* boom of about a  year and a half ago there was a temporary depression. Latterly the increased shipments from the standard  mines, the opening" up of new shippers  with the construction of the Crow's  Nest Pass .tailway and increase in  smelter facilities have infused new life  into mining and I believe this industry  is well upon the turn that always follows a depression. Undoubtedly British Columbia will be one Of the richest  provinces in Canada in a few years, in  deed one of the greatest mining centres  in the world."  "Yes, I am interested myself in several properties, one of which at least,the  Mollie.Gibson, will become an immediate   shipper.    Several    Winnipeggers  are also   interested  with me.   About  two   vears  ago   Messrs. W. R. Brook,  F. H. Phippen, W. J. Christie and,Colonel  Rae,  of Port Arthur, and some  others, grub-staked a prospector.   He  located a most valuable group of claims,  known as the Mollie Gibson group, on  Kokanee  Creek,    near   Nelson.    The  Winnipeg parties claim the discovery  was too   rich   for the prospector's integrity.   He located the claims in the  names of.friends, who then transferred  the most of them to him.    Not knowing  of any trouble 1  secured an option on  tlie property for $67,000.    Development  showed  tlie property  was one of the  richest ever located in British Columbia,  and then  the fun   began.    The  claims  wore jumped several  times over, fractions   staked   out,   the   Winnipeggers  commenced  litigation  to enforce their  grub-stake claim, and the jumpers sued  to have their priority declared.   The  jumpers' action  was tried a short time  ago and they were defeated. The other  suit was to have been tried on the 20th  of June, but I   am   pleased to say has  been settled satisfactorily to all parties.  This willenable us to work the properties at once and 1 believe in a short time  we will have one. of the largest shippers  in the Province."  "Have you done any development?"  "Oh, yes,   we went   straight ahead  until stopped   by   an  injunction.    We  had shipped over 150 tons of ore, giving a net smelter return  of over S100  per ton.    This is a very high average.  We are at present running two tunnels  under the direction of Mr. Bruce White,  the manager of the Slocan Star mine!  Mr. White purchased one of the original locator's interests and shows his faith  in the property   by   taking   shares instead of cash. On our engineer's report  we have about 8*250,000ore in sight.  "Areyou forming* a company?"  "Yes,'the Hon.  Fred. Peters, of Victoria, Mr. E. P. Davis, Vancouver, Col.  Hon. Mr. Ives,  Hon. H. J. Macdonald,  F. H. Phippen, W. J. Christie and some  others, with myself,  are applying* for a  charter.  No, we have no stock for sale.''  MICH   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.  Some Facts Told   Before   the Vancouver  Board of Trade.  From a report submitted (to the Vancouver Board of Trade showing the  progress of Britisli Columbia we g-lean  the following*, respecting her mining  interests, particularly in West Kootenay :  " Notwithstanding the excitement  caused by the discovery of placer gold  in the'Klondike region", mining in British Columbia has not been neglected,  and the output of 1897 exceeded that of  the previous year by 40 per cent.  "The following table, prepared by the  provincial mineralogist shows the yearly output of all the mines in the province since 1890:  Increase  Year. Amount.   Per Cent.  1890  2,608,803  18IU         .,521,102 35  1892         2.978,530  189,-j ....3,588,413 21  1894        -1,225,717 18  1895     5,643.042 35  1890    :    7,507,956 34  1897 10.455,268 40  m&sm&m&r&s ass�� -ssssssas-ssss.  1 0F GENERAL ORIGIN *  assesses as se sssssysss&_��5S_ ass  General Gascoigne  coigne left Canada  i E  the leading  K. C.    Iron   Works   in   Difficulty.  The B. C.  Iron   Works of Vancouver  A winding  applied for and soon  the old company will be a thing ofthe  past, and a new company will be organized. The business has been carried on  with varying success till the present  jlme. The o(Heers for 1807 were E.  Mahon, president; J. \V. Campion.  ' ec.-treasurer, and J. E. Macfarlane,  manager. Less than two months ago  Manager Macfarlane withdrew from the  company, and J. O. Xorban. of San  Francisco, took iiis place.  workings  is in  quartz and a stringer of   ,        ,    ,  ,  high grade copper ore about two inches I haa shut down temporarily  wide  is  met.    Xew ore  bins  are being | up order has been  construstucted.  The Velvet has been successfully floated in London by Ihe New Gold Fields of  British Columbia, as Velvet Mines,  limited.    The new companv has a capital of  .��100,000, of which  the New Gold Fields  retains a large holding.    James Morrish  will remain in  charge of the  property,  and his  son,  John  Morrish,  is now  en  route fi-'-m London to take  the assistant  managership  of  tlie property.    The development of the Velvet  continues very  satisfactorily.    In the north drift, at the  100-foot level, some excellent malachite  is being met, which is not often found in  this camp.  Much good copper ore is also  being encountered,   mixed   with  white  quart- and black speculiar iron.    There  are 24 men at work now and the force is  to be lightly increased.  Captain Morrish  is now getting  together a  shipment  of  about a ton of  representative  rock from  the property, which  will  be shipped to  the Gold Extraction & Bromine  Recovery Company, limited, of London,   to be  tested as to its susceptibility to the treatment of that company,  which has been  unusually successful  in  reducing smelting   ores   carrying  copper,  such  as are  found in the Velvet, and in fact all over  the camp.    It is claimed   for  the new  process that it is  far cheaper than anything previously invented.  Although tlie output of the Centre  Star mine is restricted by want of wagons  to get the ore to the railway, yet the  mine produced 275 tons last week, which  came largely from the development work  under way in the property. As soon as  the new shaft on the upper end of the  ground is completed and in working  order, it will be possible to handle  almost any amount of ore, as the railway track will be but a few feet from the  shaft house and tlie cars can be loaded  right from the ore bins.  Wants to Kilter B.C. Politics.  It is reported at Ottawa that Mr. W.  W. B. Mclnnes, M.P., is anxious to get  into the Opposition Cabinet when formed in the Province of British Columbia,  and retire from the Dominion House.  The ladies and gentlemen connected  with the Church of England Mission  here purpose holding a concert in  Clever's hall on Thursday evening,  August 4th. They have been promised  the assistance of several well-known  vocalists and musicians from the neighboring towns and hope to present a  unique and very entertaining program,  and to merit the patronage of ail New  Denver citizens. The proceeds are to go  towards the fund  now  being raised for  "When it is considered that in 1892  the total output of lode mines was only  $100,000, against $7,050,000 in 1897, a  better idea can  be formed of the progress made in silver-lead and copper-  gold,' mining.     Since    the    foregoing  figures were  prepared  a steadily increasing monthly output has been maintained.   British Columbia mines  now  rank higher in the London market than  ever before, and foreign capital for mining purposes is easily avilable for the  purchase and development of properties  upon which   sufficient   work   has been  done to enable mining experts to determine their values and report favorably.    The   wild   speculation   in   the  formation ofi mining  companies,  complained of a year ago, has disappeared.  Many of the properties are no win the  hands of companies  having the necessary capital to work them.  The apathy  which previously   existed toward the  smelting* of ores in Britisli Columbia is  fast   disappearing, with the certainty  that they can be treated profitably,    fn  this connection the following figures are  interesting:   08,804   tons   of  Rossland  .copper-gold ore averaging* S30.4S per  ton returned a profit of ��1*2 to ��16 per  ton; :.:.,576 tons of Slocan ore assaying  1.0S.5 silver per ton, and 45.7 per cent,  lead, gross value ��97.7.0 per ton, returned a orolit of 850 to $55 per ton.  "The district of West Kootenay contributed over 95 per cent, of the output  of lode mines in 1897. This is accounted for as much by the natural waterways and short lines of railway which  open it up and facilitate the shipment  of ores as by the richness or extent of  the ores themselves.  "In the Trail Creek division, of which  Rossland is the centre, developments of  the past year have tended to confirm  the belief in the permanency of the lode  veins. Although the number of shipping mines has not largely increased,  the output nearly doubled that of the  previous 12 mouths. It is well-known  that many claims in this division are  unworked at present on account of the  lode veins. The bright future of these  mines is found in the' following figures:  In 1894 the average value of the ore  treated from the Rossland camp was  $40.69 per ton; in 1895 it was $35.67; in  1S9. it was $32.65; and in 1897 only  $30.48 per ton, nevertheless in the year  last mentioned the profit was from $1*2  to $16 per ton. In 1897 the average  smelting charge was $11 per ton, but  with cheaper fuel, combined with the  improved facilities and larger plant  now being completed there is a possibility of Rossland ores being treated at $7  per ton. Add to these conditions a reduction in the cost of mining', and transportation expenses reduced to the  lowest point, there is a prospect of Rossland copper ore valued at $12 being-  mined at a profit. At present this ore  averaging under $1.6 will not pay.  Considerable  development  work has  been done, throughout   the Xelson district.   The output was mainly from one  mine, which  yielded  47,560 tons nf ore  at an a verge value  of $1.6.81   per ton as I  follows:    20.7   ounces   of   silver,   .4  of;  gold, and 3.63  percent   of copper  per;  2,000   pounds of ore.    A   dividend  of;  $133,750 was paid  to  the owners of thej  mine.    On another property a 10 stamp i  mill has been  operated.    The  value of  1,251 tons of ore  was $9.25  per  ton, of  which $7.70 was saved in the crushings, j  and $1.55 left in the concentrates  "The silver-lead mines of the Slocan  paid about a million'dollars in dividends in 1897; the net production per  smelter returns being 33,576 tons,  against 16,500 tons in the previous year  and 9,514 tons iu 1895- The average  value of these ores in 1897 was $97.70  per ion. They were smelted in the  United States at a cost, adding freight,  Rats are somewhat expensive animals  to get rid of. It cost the council of  Pelee Island $106.59 to exterminate  them last year.  Mrs. Judge Bosse, of Quebec, while  driving with her daughter at River  du Loup, was killed, cry her horses  running away and causing the carriage  to collide with a telephone pole.  and   Mrs.   Gas-  on Wednesday on  the Parisian en route for England/ All  military  men   of Ottawa  were at the depot to bid them farewell.  The gold output of the mines in the  Lake of the Woods district is reported  to be about $30,000 per month, and it is  expected that it will reach $100,000 per  month before the termination of the  present year.  Postmaster-General Mulock is receiving many congratulations in Eng-land  for his untiring energy in pushing along  his scheme for an Imperial penny postage. Canada as a pioneer of the empire  is again the principal topic of conversation.  Bishop Francais Lafleche, of Three  Rivers, Quebec, died this week at the  age of 80 years. He was ordained a  priest in Quebec in 1844, and 1864 was  made Coadjutor Bishop of Three Rivers  and in 1S70 he succeecled to the bishopric.  John Gillanders Turiff, of Carlyle,  Assiniboia, North-West Territories, has  been appointed Dominion Lands Commissioner, to fill the vacancy made by  the death of Mr. A. M. Burgess. Mi*.  Turiff is a merchant and notary public,  who settled in the North-West in 1S78.  P. H. Carter, aged 84 years, one of  the oldest employees ' of the Grand  Trunk Railway," was stricken with  paralysis on Sunday last, at his home in  Toronto. He has since died, leaving a  widow and several children. Mr.  Carter's father was chief magistrate of  St. John's, N.F., and his brother is Sir  Fred. B. Carter, Chief Justice of Newfoundland.  The Muskoka express from the north  while travelling at a great speed on  Wednesday night last struck a rig containing" three persons, near Downsview,  about live miles north of Toronto. The  three occupants of the wagon, Jacob  Strong, an old man nearly 70 years of  ag*e, and his two-daughters. Mrs. Peter-  bough, of Enislie, and Miss Melinda  Strong*, were hurled some 50 feet along  the station platform. Mr. Strong and  Mrs. Peterbough were both killed.  Miss Strong is now in the Toronto hospital progressing very favorably.  At Sir Wilfrid Laurier's request, the  Spaniards Senor du Bosc and Lieut.  Carranza, who have been carrying on  a spy service at Montreal, left Canada  on Wednesday last on a freight ship.  The Premier's note ran thus: "The  action of Senor Carranza is in violation  of the laws of the land, and I have,  therefore, to request Senor Carranza to  leave this country. 1 have to make the  same request of Senor Bosc, who from  evidence in our hands is an accomplice  in the establishment of the spy service,  which was organized by Senor Car-  raii5.a " Senor Bosc in reply threatens  to be heard from again, when the present difficulty with the United States is  terminated."  expense, as it costs $800 a ton to pack  supplies 180   miles from here to Teslin  Lake.   The route is practically a failure  owing   to   the   deepness   of the muck  Over 500 animals are packing over both  Deese and Teslin trails.   With 40 pounds  of a pack on my back I started for Dease  Lake.   Half way I met Greenlee   and  Hamfield   coming   back.    I found out  from them that there was no use of going  in until August, and as living in there  costs $4 a minute I returned whence I  came. I leave this week for Deese,where  I will join Frank Cutler's party.   He is  camped at the head of Dease lake, building a boat  and   heading   for the headwaters of Laird river where he has heard  of a   very .rich gold   quartz.   Greenlee,  has gone to Glenora for supplies and will  travel a short distance with us.   He is  with a party of   five and came out to  make   records,   the  first   this   year in  Cassiar.  It is amusing to see the various  means   of   transporting   goods   in   this  country.    I passed several pack trains of  dogs.   One of   11   dogs   all   packed 40  pounds  to   the   dog. "Some men  were  pushing wheelbarrows and had beena  month on the, trail    The season has just  opened for prospecting and parties who  have gone in  have not had time to get  out and report strikes, except Greenlee,  and he is swifter than most people.   The  musquitoes are simply hell on the trail.  If you start a fire they will stick then-  bills in the red hot coals,  fly to. water to  put a temper on them, so that they can .  drill through  buckskin gloves or thick  shoes.   They are more industrious and  persevering than a B. C. candidate for  legislative   honors.    I   see  The Ledge,  occasionally and it is worth its weight in  gold."       "._ .   THE    BAGPIPES   ARE   THERE,   TOO.  A letter has been received by a friend  in New Denver from Chas. W. Greenlee, who has been some time in the  northern country,  dated at Telegraph  creek, July 4, in which he says: "I  have been ' out to Dease Lake for a  month. Made three locations and had  to come to Telegraph to record, there  there being no officer on the lake���a  round trip of about 208 miles to record !  There is a big celebration here to-day,  and a big dance is on to-night, but"!  think it will be a failure as it has been  raining to-day ancl the Taht-tan squaws  were unable to get here. The highest  prize for the sports was a smoked salmon. Brown and I went into a dining-  room this evening and a half-breed  squaw was waiting on the table. She  asked us what we would like to fill up  on; dried apples or prunes. Whiskey  is 25c a drink and they charge you for  smacking your lips after you take a  drink. I go to Dease lake to-morrow.  The -cusid' bagpipes are passing ln-  just now so I will quit."  XEW   DENVER   LOCAL  TAILINGS.  Must it be  hall?  a private-subscription I fire  of $22 a  ton, to   which  must  ie added  the United States duty on the. lead, cost  of mining, sacking and delivering to  shipping port; the profit was from $50  to $55 per" ton. It is worthy of note!that  some .Slocan silver-lead mines have  lately been transferred to British companies, whilst others are being examined with the same object. Claims upon  which little development work has been  the new church building, WO rk. ori which j(lone and held at high figures can now  is expected \to b'. commenced " very f be bought at prices likely to be more  shortly. ' attractive to capitalists.  The   women    in    the   case   of   the  Napanec    Dominion    Bank    robbery,  which occurred last fall, turns out to be  a sister of a  professional  safe-burglar,  also an expert carpenter and machinist;,  named Edward  Ilare,  who  has 'sailed  under different aliases at .different times  and has served terms  in prison  both in  Canada  and  the   I'nited   States.    The  woman. Caroline Saucier, who has been  keeping a  cigar store  in   Montreal, is  charircd with pulling in circulation bills  bearing  the  cleverly-forged  signature  of   Mr.   Raines.    When   Edward Hare  was arrested the other day,at. his h mse  in Manchester. X. II.,   he denied being  connected with the robbery and declared he would not go to Montreal without  requisition papers.    Upon searching-his  home a large   number  of   the  missing  bills were found in an innocent looking  tool   chest.    More   were discovered in  some posts, stuffed into holes made with  an . auger   and   then   plugged 'up.    A  friend of Hare's,  Win  II. Holden,  has  been arrested   in   Boston.    The   latest  arrest is   Robert  Mackie, son of one of  Napanee's hotel keepers  FROM    TEI-ECJI-APII    CHEEK.  Sam Brown in a letter to A. E. Fauquier says:  "After a very interesting trip of four  days up the Stickine river I reached  Glenora, where I found everything quiet  and hardly, any business being done.  Many people there are selling their outfits and trying the Skagway route. At  Telegraph Creek hundreds are trying to  get through to Teslin Lake, and most of  them are   hung up on   account of   the  Services will be held in the Presbyterian church on Sunday next at the usual  hours.  Mrs. Bolander's health has much improved since her return from Spokane  last week.  All work on the road to Silverton was  stopped Friday, the road having been  thoroughly repaired and widened.  There has been less sickness in the  lake section this year than in any year  since emigration .".tarted this way.  Percy Godenrath,- traveling mining  correspondent of the Spokesman-Review,  is doing New Denver and th'* lake section.  Raima Angrignon returned Saturday  from a trip ot several days in the lower  country, with a small band of light  horses.  The Xew Denver Sunday school picnic  will be held I next month provided the  G.R.R. will reduce their former rate for  such an event.  All the boats in the boat house an 1  those owned by private parties were  utilized Sunday, and the demand was  not half supplied.  Service will be held in the Methodist  church next Sunday, July 1st: Morning  at 11, evening at 7:30. R. X. Powell,  preacher.    Everybody cordially invited.  A. large number from Sandon visited  the lake Sunday and tried their luck  with the hook and line. But it was one  of those off days for the finny tribe and  they wouldn't bite.  The first apple grown in Slocan is  now in process of maturity in the Aylwin  garden. One year ago this garden, now  yielding so abundantly in garden truck,  was an unsightly field of stumps.  In answer to inquiries we are informed  from Rosehery that A. M. Beattie is still  agent for the townsite company, and during his absence in Vancouver lie is represented there by his brother, William  Beattie. THE LEDGE, NEW DJiMSVER, B.C., JULY 28, 1898.  Fifth Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months ;  .75  Six "         l-25  Twelve " a.00  Three years ��-oo  Transient Advertising:, 25 cents per line first in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  C jrrespondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot. and we will do the rest  A pencil cross in this square  indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look at  your collateral.  TgURSDA-7,  JULY 28.  1898.  W. A. Jowett had the great day  of his life last week. He rode on the  same train with Lord Aberdeen's  party, and should have enough ot  tufts to last him through the season.  We hear a great deal about heroes  these times of war. The papers sing  the praises of every man who does a  daring act in Cuba, and lauds them  to the skies. To our way of thinking  the greatest hero on earth is the man  who pays for his papers without being  dunned.  POINTERS    ON   HEALTH.  Tea on an empty stomach is poisonous.  Coffee makes people nervous and  yellow looking.  Health comes from good food, good  water, pure air, keeping clean, exercise and protecting the nerves.  Good food is found in grains, fruits,  vegetables and meat extracts. Bad  food is found in white bread, fried  grease, pastry, cake and confectionery.  Potatoes, eggs and meat fried in  grease will make the blood bad, the  stomach weak and the complexion  yellow,  Apples, pears and grapes fully ripe  are the best fruits to eat.  Every breakfast should commence  with grains and milk.  Meat should be eaten in the form of  strong soups, broths or extracts.  Meat fibrin is of no use to you. The  less you eat of it, and the less you eat  ot ham and lean pork the fewer sores  you will have.  Never eat candy or cake on an  empty stomach. Headaches are  caused by eating too much starchy  food, white bread, tried cakes,  syrups, fried potatoes, pastry or fancy  foods.  Use pure water every day. Well  water is seldom pure.  Breathing through the mouth is the  cause of maiiy diseases. Always  breathe through the nose. It does  away with colds, sore throats and  lung troubles. Catarrh is caused by  inhaling through the mouth.  Any person can go among contagious diseases and be safe, if there is  wholesome food in the stomach, and  if the air is not inhaled through the  mouth.  Cleanliness of all kinds is conducive  to health and vitality.  The body should be bathed as often  as possible, and the teeth cleaned five  times a day.  Outdoor exercises, light and sunshine make the rich red corpuscles of  the blood.  Graded and balanced exercises  should be practiced a few minutes  daily.  Do not worry, and cultivate cheerfulness all the time.  At a recent speech in Rossland  General Charles Warren said that the  Americans blazed the trails in Kootenay. The General is mistaken in  this, although the boys from across  the line were in middling early and  have done much to bring the name of  Kootenay before the  world.    Most of  the trails were blazed by Canadians,  the flower of the human race.  Pure article is required, it might be  found in the ranks of the "independents." This we infer from reading  the political utterances of the party  press of the province.  Here's what the Nelson Economist  says of the Opposition:  Already the Opposition party, who are claiming a complete victory, are setting their house m  order in anticipation of taking over the establishment. At a meeting held in Vancouver the  other day, behind closed doors of course, it is  said that Joe Martin was named as Premier and  Attorney-General, with a salary of .6,000. per  annum; F. C. Cotton, Provincial Secretary and  Minister of Education, $5,000; J. D. Prentice.  Provincial Treasurer and Minister of Finance,  s.5,000; James Martin, Rossland, Minister of  Mines, ...,(..; Thomas Forster, President of the  Council, with a portfolio to be created, and a  salary of $..,000 a year; Robert McPherson.  Speaker, $-,0.K) a year and the sessional indemnity of sS-,000. T. W. Patterson was named as  Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works,  should he manage to gain a seat for North Victoria, but in the event of his being unable to ttp-  set the election in that riding, then F. J. Deane  takes the plum. Ex-Speaker Higgins is endeavoring to upset the election of Hon. Mr.  Pooley or Mr. Bullen at Esquimault. and will  have a, portfolio created for him. The name of  our own J. Fred Hume does not appear on the  list for anything. Then it is proposed to reduce  the number of representatives to SI, giving the  Island but 7 and the Mainland 14 members.  The Victoria Times says this sort  of news is purely faked by the Government organs, and says of it:  Excepting the bare statement that an Opposition caucus was held at Vancouver, all the dispatches and editorials appearing in respect to  that meeting have been untrue���absolutely false.  The questions of the number of ministers, salaries, sessional indemnity, leader-hip of the  Opposition, constitution of the next government,  or anything appertaining in the slightest degiee  to any of these questions were not discussed or  referred to directly or indirectly at the Vancouver  meeting. The Colonist and the World are simply  a braecof professional "fakers."  The Government organs scoff at the  idea of Premier Turner and his cabinet resigning;, but the Vancouver  Province claims to know something  about it and puts the question direct  to the Premier:  Some people are questioning the accuracy of  The Province's statement'that Premier Turner  had made up his mind to resign on Saturday.  There is no doubt about the matter at all Mr.  Turner hud definitely determined on this course  but was dissuaded at the last moment by some  friendly ward-heelers and political gymnasts.  Will Air. Turner himself deny that this was the  case?  The Victoria Colonist looks calmly  at the situation. It sees no cause for  alarm:  We have been having some remarkable dissertations on the duty of the Lieutenant Governor  in the alleged crisis now pending. There does  not hanpen to be any crisis. Every member of  the cabinet has been declared elected with one  exception, and he received moie votes than his  oppoii-nt and doubtles. will be seated on the trial  of the protest. Meanwhile affairs are being administered according to the wishes of tlie legislature as expressed by the statutes nassed last  session. The crisis exists chiefly in the mind of  the Opposition.  However, the AVorld is about as  rabid a Government organ as  ought to be permitted in any law-  abiding community, and it sees  danger ahead, for it says:  We cannot but admit disappointment at the  manner in which two or three constituencies at  least have gone, nor can the fact be denied that  we have to meet the gravest political issue yet  known in the history of British Columbia. Both  Government and Opposition are so evenly divided  that it were folly to claim that complete victory  perches upon the banner of either. But, as already stated, in tlie course of a fef weeks there  will be a decided change in the attitude which  the contending parties assume towards each  other.  Just what thjs "decided change"  has reference to is a question of  doubt. It is said an effort will be  made by the Government leaders to  draw from the Opposition by dividing  them on Dominion party lines, but  such a movement is too absurd to be  considered probable. More likely  the World had in contemplation the  sure-thing dodge that has been thrust  upon the voters of Cassia r, referred to  by- the _.ews-Advertiser thusly:  The Cassiar outrage is tlie topic of con versa  tion wherever men congregate, and the general  feeling is that the Turner government is dying  up to its reputation. This is the second Cassiar  outrage it has tried to perpetrate: the first was  defeated by the Opposition, the second will avail  it nothing. The Government is defeated. That  fact is enough. Very shortly the Province will  see at the head of affairs a Government worthy of  it, a government that it can trust, a government  that will scorn tricks and all petty acts like that  of which the Turner government is capable.  And   by    the   New   Westminster  Columbian in this manner:  The editor of tlie Vancouver World evidently  "knew whereof he spoke" whan, as noted elsewhere in these columns, he innocently remarked,  in effect, that the Cassiar nominations might  have been held already, for all any one could  tell. Sure enough, as was disclosed by intelligence  which arrived by steamer from the north, late  yesterday, the Government did just wha< their  Mainland mouthpiece was afraid to say plainly  that they would do���took advantage of their  liosition and stole a march on the country by  rushing through the Cassiar nominations without  notice, so that it would be impossible for the disposition even to get candidates in the. field.  And   bv   The Province   more in  ONE    SOLDIER   DEAD.  A fair young mother calmly read,  While one hand rocked the cradle bed  Wherein her fist-born slept away  The twilight of a summer day.  She carelessly the pajier turned  Till "Latest War News" she discerned:  "Our loss was small," despatches said���  "A skirmish, and one soldier dead."  They troubled not to give his name,  Or e'en the troop from which he came;  For who, rejoicing in success.  Cares if there be one private less ?  Only a soldier lying there.  With blood upon his sunny hair.  With no kind friend to raise his head  Or treasure the last words he said.  O, happy mother, do you know  That not so many years ago  That soldier was a baby, too,  With face as sweet and eyes as blue  As those within yon cradle there !  And knew a mother's tender care,  Who now must sit alone and ween  Because he wakes not from his sleep ?  And other thousands also said:  '���Only a private soldier dead,"  Witliout a passing thought that he  Might one of nature's nobles be.  Or that the words that line contained  Would wreck a life that yet remained.  His mother waits for him iu vain,  For he, her only child, is slain.  Jean Paul Wayne.  LIFE    IN    KOOTENAY.  H _ l_i _n H _r1  ��� ___  aink of Montreal,  Established  1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     896,850.04  HEAD   OFFICE,   aiONTREAI..  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona a..d Mount Rofal, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  F. J. FINUCANE, Manager-  I  s  Travelling in  Kootenay   has   many  THE   .llOTJ.    IX    BII_UVrT_I.E.  pleasures and not much "misery.   The  editor of this paper goes   away   from  home  occasionally   just  to   vary   the  monotony and get a change of water.  Some of these trips'are tame affairs, hut  ��� ���  .   ,        .   ���     f.���f .,, ...i. ["Colonel Slumpkin Bumpkins!"   At present  out  occasionally we catch a trip that is out j        of sigIn .-  of the ordinary.    Riding inthepalati.il   Went off to chase a private who escaped hiin in  coach of the N. & S. railway one day  We called the roll in Billvillu���"Major General  .(ones!"  Wouldn't do for service, for lie's only skin and  ��� bones. ���  "Captain Stutter Splutter!" Rheumatism (bad);  And it's settled for the summer in the only kg  he had!  the night.  'Lieutenant Billup Fillup!'  land;  Can  only light on  Is only used to sw mining in a mill-pond���over  ha   "  last week we felt sure for a few minutes  that we had tapped a gang of road  agents. The train was humming along*  about two miles from Nakusp, when it  suddenly stopped and two ride shots  split the noonday air with a sound more  impressive than"musical. We thought  that the train was held up because we  were aboard. A report has been gen-  erallv circulated recently in the Province stating that we had taken the  gold cure, and an idea struck us that  some innocent road agents had believed  the storv and were after the pile we  were supposed ,to have. We dropped  our wallet and the S4 it contained in  the coal box, slipped our diamonds into  the water cooler, and then with a frozen  smile on lour western complexion, we    pulled two machine guns and started -  for the front of the train fully determin- j    Wanted to purchase���Right to manned to make the robbers bite thebeauti- j facture first-class proprietary medicine.  md,  "Major Shoddy Toddy!"   No bullets make  him  wince;  Fought tlirough to Appomattox, and been half  shot ever since.  "General Morgan Mo.nshine!*'   His patriotism  tills  A brimming gallon measure, and  he'll  fortify  the "stills."  Colonels, generals, majors and captains by the  score-  Train loads of officers, and trains still bringing  more and m_re! ��  Commissioned officers enough to fill the world  with woe,  And just one living private, and he's hired to a  show !   ���Atlanta Constitution.  WANTED.  ful scenery. But we were not lucky  enough to make a strike of that kind.  The racket was all over a big black  bear, who had camped near Nakusp for  several weeks, much to the alarm of  berrv pickers. Conductor McKay, who  is a dead shot, even if he does hail from  Nova Scotia, wounded bruin with the  first shot  from  his modern rifle, and  then plunged into the bush after him  In a minute  or  two  a   second  Must have merit.  S. M. L., Box. 411, Petrolea, Ont  The art of s.iiloring  Most women lack,  But she's, who, pretty, may  Command a smack  Tlie first envelope ever made is in the  possession of the British Museum.  by  detail, thus:  Look al the facts. The writs tor Cassiar were  issued at the same time that the other writs were,  but they ��'cre issued in blank, the returning  officer being instructed to fill in the dates for  nominations and elections when told to do so hy  representatives of the government. Mark what  follows. The moment the elc.lions are held and  the Turner government finds if is defeated, u  secret messenger is despatched to Cassiar to hold  the nominations before the (ipposition gets wind  of it and before it has time lo arrange forputting  Opposition candidates in nomination. If the  people of Hritish Columbia stand this sort nf  thing ihey am fools. [| is a rank, glaring, bare-  laced and fraudulent attempt to prevent the expression of the people's will at the polls and to  corrupt the spirit of .good ;nivevninent.  Much of this talk about corruption  is true; all of it is injurious to the  morals of our body politic. The rabid  organs of both parties are too ready to    i cry   corruption   at   their opponents,  This is a funny world, and there That British Columbia politicians are  are some corrupt people in it. The rotten is evident. That the people  province of British Columbia is not a know it is proven by the late election  very large corner of it, but it seems returns. Political jobbery will not  to be the corner that has received the j win at this late day, and the Turner  sweepings of the political world, and i forces of the Island must eventually  as  all  people who stay  in   politics \ give way to the will  of the majority  nun.     ivST'    shot m  vibrated the atmosphere and the bear j tidied from  heart,   failure.    It is seldom j >Zf  that passengers   on a railway have a j Ak-_y ,  chance to witness such  exciting sport, ! |}^_o^.  and probably, now that we have calmly j rys^��^r  considered the matter, it is a safer and \ y/7-^  pleasanter   pastime   than   fighting*  leaden duel with  the industrious road  agent.    Mac took  the   bear to  Three    ^  Forks and we took the boat to Brooklyn, i (,  It- is fashionable to visit Brooklyn this | "  summer, especially when you can do so |  on such a palatial' steamer as the Ross- i  land.   We have spoken   of   this camp j  before.   As we landed on  the floating  wharf ti man whose front name was Ole  fell into the drink and was quite wet  when rescued.    George. McDonald evidently did not think that Ole was wet,  for  lie immediately   asked  him   for a  match.  Brooklvii is a hot town,  but its prin- ,  cipal boulevards are so  full  of stumps  that navigation after dark  has  to be j  done with a   chart.   The   scheme  for j  lighting the burg with electricity and t  putting in water works has become defunct.   The principal  industry in the |  place is keeping hotel,    hi 40 days 15 |  gin mills  have 'sprung into existence j  and vou can get anything to drink in j  the camp   vou   may desire,   from an I  absinthe frappe to aqua pura.    Booze-  rino is king, altough 21 and the woman |  in red can   be   plainly   seen   with the j  telescope.   As the sanitary regulations  are low grade we would not be surprised to see tvphoid fever capture several  of the inhabitants before many moons  get full and fade away.    The town is  quiet in a pugilistic sense, and it is impossible to get   a  man   for breakfast.  Two policemen guard  the citizens and  Major Cooper   deals   out justice.   The  major is an old time newspaper man  and saw   much   service   in   the   east.  There was great rejoicing in Brooklyn  last week.   Bill Parker had just got in  a consignment of Trail Blazer cigars  and the country was declared safe.  From Brooklyn we went to Robson  where we found Louis Levesque doing  a good business. He deserves it, as he  lias lived for seven years in Robson  with the hope of growing up with the  countrv. About 15 miles from Robson  is Slocan Crossing, where in sight of  the Kootenay river W. H. Lambert  keeps an excellent hotel.  Let's talk together���Have  you any cash? Let us have  it���we'll pay you for it, hy  selling you anything iu  our store forliiper cent, (ill  our usual price. We're  hard up���not going to fail  ���not going fo lookup another site���simply can't  get money. Take advantage of us if you have money  ���we'll give. you. the biggest  interest on it.    ...  Handsome Rockers���1../ oil'  Wire Mattresses--1:).-' oil'  Upholstered Goods���15a oil'  I'arlor Set^six pes)��� lf>/ oil'  Hall RacksMir oak)���Id/., oil'  Sideboards ������ ���logoff  All Centre Tallies���15/, oil'  Common Furniture���15% oil'  The opportunity is yours  but for two weeks only-  after that usual prices . . .  WALKER & BAKER,  Vou know where to Iind us  Undertaking _: Embalming.  C. S. RASHDALL.  Notarv Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MIXING INTERESTS BOUGHT,   SOLD  AS.  BONDED.  -���INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Ah .tracts of claims, conveyancing.  m  H. T. BRAGDON,  New Denver, B.C.  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  .Mine and Mill Supplies,  Ripe and Fittings,  Faints and Oils,  .Builders' and Contractors'  Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of the largest  and best assorted stocks of  Hardware in WestKootenay,  and shall he pleased to quote  1 trices upon anything required  n my line.  OTEL SANDON,  vf\  vK  ^K  vK  ���%,  ^K  Sandon, B.C.  npHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to aceommodate a large  number of Guests. The building- is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  The Clifton House.  T?    G. FAUQUIER.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp. B.C.  Sandon.  I las ample accommodations for a large number of people.     The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything  in the market  Sample. Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckle}', Prop.  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  Assayers of i. G.  HI'AI'S  I   WIN.  TAILS  VOL'   I.OSi..  William   J.   Bryan   writes  The  Ledge from Lincoln,   Nebraska, that  he will not be able to speak upon the  silver   question   in   the Slocan this I  year, as the regiment  he has just or i t-ropcrt  ganized takes  up all his time.   We i  are sorry  Billy,   but perhaps when j vue aV(,  the war is over you will  find time to |  call upon us.  pjOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M. London. Eng  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST.  & ASSAYER.  i'.    examined    and   reported  on   fu'   n  tending purchasers.  Assay office and Chemical   Laboratory,  l.elle  Xew Denver, B C.  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  i Silverton.  W. S. Dkrwhy  Kaslo, B.C.  II. T. Tw-Kic.  Xew Denver, B.C.  must constantly undergo corrupting  influences. British Columbia lias an  over-supply of corrupted people in  office and wanting office. There  might be other corners, in Spain or  Klondike, that are as seriously afflicted, but the returns are slow coming  in and at the present writing our  province is in the van. What the  Government party hasn't got in the  way of political tricksters the Opposition can supply,   and  if the Simon  on the Mainland. The Mainland will  not longer be satisfied to play second  fiddle to the charter-mongers of Vic  toria. The interests of the Mainland  are too great for it to be longer placed  at the mercy of the monopolizing  horde on the island.  It cannot profit the Island forces  anything in adopting this heads-I-  win-tails-you-lose policy. The voice  ot the people expressed by secret  ballot must be respected.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Lnnd Surveyors  Civil ami Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil Code.  __T"Ra-hdall & Fauquier, Agents.  A l-c.ui Anecdote.���In playing Rich- j  ard 111, Charles Kuan indulged in a j  series of dreadful grimaces which the j  convention of the times regarded as  appropriate accessories of the role. He I  was playing the piece in a prominent i  town, and had occasion to take on a :  man to act the part of the Sentinel, who I  awakes Richard and announces :  " 'Tis  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply f'��r sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information lo any C 1'.  Ry agent or���  G. B. GARRETT,  C. P. R. Agent, New Denver.  WM. STITT, Sen. S. S. Agt., Winnipeg.  Choice Groceries & Provision  ��/@/@/CALL ON/&/&/Q  HAM & CKAWF0KD.  SIXTH STREET,   -  -   -   -  -  -  NEW DENVER.  /���^"Prices are right and Goods Always Fresh.  Travelers  Will Iind the  Arlington Hotel  a pleasant place to slop al when in  Sloean City.  GETHING & HENDERSON. Proprietor..  ICoO.Di     Goods called  (\\{ for & Delivered  pr   tunatelv Kean made such dreadful  grimaces that tlie Sentinel forgot his  lines and stammered: '"Tis I, my  lord; the village cock ! 'Tis T,my lord,  the���village cock !" By this time there  was a decided titter all over the house,  and Kean then said : "Then why the  mischief don't you crow?*' which, needless to say, brought down the house  Society is now composed of two  classes���those who talk war and the  dumb.   Between the ticks of a watch a ray of  light could move eight times around  the globe.  AGENTS���-Never before has the death of any  man caused such profound sensation throughout  the world as that of Mr. Gladstone It is there-  lore a real luxury to canvass for the memorial  edition of the "Lifeand Work of Mr. Gladstone,''  hecause the public i* ripe for it. and the work  will sell on sight. Big book; low prices; liberal  termB; freight paid. Send 75 cents for Prospectus, which we return with first order.  BRADLEY-G . RRETSOX COMPAMY,Limited  Toronto.  .F.Tcetzel & Co,    DRUGGISTS. Xiilsoii, B.C.  | \R. A.S. MARS    ...-L.  Dentist.  Kaslo. B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago   Gxv  WILLIM & JOHNSON.  (MeGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  Slocan City,  B C  AUNDRY  We are now in a  position to give  thoroughly satisfactory service  and solicit your  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery.  Work Done on Short Notice.  C. M. NESBITT, Prop.  t*'Rates furnished Hotels,   Steamboat Companies, etc, on application.  El Dorada Ave.  ^L. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  Solicitor, Notary Public, Etc.  Sandon, B. C. Fifth Yeas.  THE LEDttE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JULY 28. 1898.  THE   GREAT   GAME.  Above the sound of the traffice that roared  In the neighborhood of the bulletin board  Came the lisping tones of a seven-year-old  *nd the man gave heed to the tale he told ;  For the man was a man of martial air,  Though white as the drift was hi. snowy hair;  And his eyes grew bright and he smiled for joy  At the warlike words of the little boj .  Who spoke to his comrade, small, freckle-faced,  With a Cuban flag on his tattered waist.  "What stock," said the vet, "when grim war's  alarms  Break out in the speech of the babes in arms:  "When the discourse of children is talk of guns,  And heroes are praised by the little ones.  'JAy, what a stock I   What a sturdy stock I  "What lighting chips of the fighting block !"  The seven-year-old by the bulletin board  Heard none of all this���or, hearing, ignored���  But went right on with his tale of strife���  '' De battery licked 'em. yon betcher life I  "De battery done it; ah, don't forget  Dat battery was onto its job, you bet.  .  "De udder captain was sand clear t'roo,  But he was '.raid o' dem cannon balls, too.  ���'He cheered up his gang, you know���but nit;  Dey tried their best, but dey couldn't hit  "A n'den " and the old man's eyes grew moist,  And deep in his loyal heart he rejoiced.  And he bent his bead and he proudly smiled  AI the epic sung by a little child.  And his pulses throbbed and his being thrilled-  Then he gravely  thought of  the maimed  and  killed;  For he had fought, and he knew no fun's  Provoked by a charge on the enemy's guns.  He fancied the carnage, the death and smoke  Of the battery charge -then the wee boy spoke;  "De battery did all o' de work���  Me brudder pitched an' wuz caught by Burke."  ���Chicago Record.  SPAIN   AND    ITAI-Y.  The Mediterranean from the very  earliest epochs of civilization has been  a chief highway of trade, and along it-  shores every sort of commercial activity  has been prosecuted. For centuries  and centuries tlie nations upon its borders, especially those upon its northern  borders, were the leading nations of the  world, and their empire, indeed, comprised the empire of the world. But  during the last two or three centuries,  and especially during the nineteenth  century, commercial pre-eminence and  pre-eminence in empire days have departed from the Mediterranean. Italy,  the ruler of the whole ancient world,  and even in modern times a ruler of  almost equal potency; Turkey, during  the middle ages a chief power both in  Europe and in Asia; Spain, for two  centuries at the beii*inning of our modern epoch a chief power iii Europe and  the mistress of almost the whole western world as well, have all sunk to  positions of comparative insignificance,  and of them all Italy alone shows signs  of effectual regeneration. And yet on  the whole earth's surface there are no  lands more richly endowed by nature  as abodes for man than Italy, Turkey  and Spain.  Spain, because of the varied climate  of her several parts, is capable of producing almost all the edible fruits and  grains known to iboth temperate and  tropical regions. Though there are  some desert areas, a great portion ofthe  soil is abundantly productive, and were  agriculture pursued with the same skill  as it is in other countries���in England  and Scotland, for example���Spain  would be one of the richest agricultural  regions on the globe. But not only is  agriculture very inefliciently pursued,  but the country is also sparsely inhabited (only 00 to the square mile, as compared with _7,0 to the square mile in  Italy) and only one-fourth of it is cultivated. As a consequence, only those  products are raised in Spain in which,  because of her advantages of climate,  etc., she has least competition. The  principal commercial  agricultural  pro  square mile than that of Spain, and 50  per cent, more to the square mile than  that of France.   Since 1830 the population has increased 45 per cent., and this  notwithstanding the fact that the loss  of emigration is equal to one-half of the  natural increase   from   the surplus of  births over deaths.    Two million people  of Italian birth   are   to-day residing in  foreign countries.   Again,"the Italians,  except those in the southern parts (the  Italians of Naples and vicinity, for example) are the most industrious people  in Europe, with a special aptitude for  gardening   and   tillage.   In   50  years  they   have   reclaimed 20,000,000 acres  from forests and increased the area of  land under cultivation by 100 per cent.  In 50 years, too, they have trebled the  amount of capital invested in agriculture.   Since 1860 they have increased  the amount of raw material which they  use in their textile manufactures (cotton, silk, wool   and   linen) nearly fivefold.   Since 1850 they   have  increased  their external  commerce two and one-  half times.    Finally,   since   1830, they  have increased then* internal trade two  and   one-quarter times.   But all these  signs of prosperity in Italy are negatived by the constantly increasing magnitude of her national debt.    This now  amounts to more than two and one-half  billions of dollars,   or more than two  and one-half times the net national debt  of the   United   States   and   about one-  fourth   more   than  the total national,  state,   county,   municipal   and school-  district debts ofthe United States.  And  this vast debt for a people of 30,500,000  is exclusive of the provincial and communal debts, which amount to $275,000,-  000   additional.     Italy   since   her   reorganization as a kingdom  in  1870 has  set out to be a   first-class military and  naval power, and the cost is more than  she can stand.    She  has a permanent  army of nearly 800,000 men, 250,000 of  whom she keeps under arms constantly.  She has   a  fleet of 17 battleships, two  coast defense ships,  18 cruisers and 272  torpedo crafts, most of these being of a  modern type and first-class rating.   She  spends ori her army nearly ��50,000,000  annuallv, and on her navy nearly $20,-  000,000 'annually.   This,  with   an an-  unal interest payment of 8115,000,000.  all unproductive" expenditure, makes a  demand upon her revenue that is drain,  ing   her people   of  their  life's blood,  Every sort of taxation is resorted to-  direct and indirect; land, house and income;   succession- duties,   registration  charges   and   stamps   for   commercial  papers; customs, excise and octroi, besides government monopolies; and all  this exclusive of   communal taxation.  And yet   since 1891  there has been an  annual deficit of national revenue under  national expenditure averaging 82,250,-  000.   As a consequence of these taxes  and of the repressive effect they have  upon   industrial    enterprise,   the    net  earnings of the country  per inhabitant  are lower in   Italy than  in any other  European state except  Turkey, Russia  and Greece���lower,  even, than  in the  Danubian   states   and    Portugal    and  Spain.  The most distinctive natural product  of Italy is silk, and the amount of raw  and thrown silk exported is about  ��57,5000,000 annually. Silk culture is  carried on all over the kingdom,though  the industry flourishes most extensive-  lv in Piedmont and Lombardy in the  north. Over 550,000 people are engaged in rearing silk worms, and the annual cocoon harvest approximates  100,000,000 pounds Silk "throwing"or  spinning, is the principal manufacturing industry and the amount of sill-  spun and exported is about 45,000 tons,  Leghorn (104,000), the port of Florence,  is the chief seat of the export straw-  plaiting trade. It should be noted that  notwithstanding Italy's extent of coast  line, a large part of her foreign commerce is transacted northward by  means of the railways that tunnel the  Alps.���Seymour Eaton in Minneapolis  Journal. _���  THE    MAN    WITH   THE   SLEDGE.  West of Central park, near Ninety-  fourth street, workingmen are drilling  and blasting the old rock of Manhattan  Island.  Early in the morning* these men come  to their work, when the sun has barely  risen. All through the forenoon they  swing* huge, heavy sledge hammers,  straining the lung-s, the heart, the brain  and every muscle, making of the willing man a willing machine.  At noon they drop to the ground,g*Iad  to lie for an hour beside the sledge that  works with them. Each eats a coarse,  thick sandwich of bread, with a little  cold coffee or tea brought in a tin can.  Each as th?. whistle-'blows'lifts up his  tired body and begins again the-swinging of the heavy sledge.  Each receives Si for the long day,  and each takes his money home to a  wife who works and slaves and saves  and starves to make the SI feed the  working machine, clothe herself and  him and half feed herself and a family  of children. From this dollar the rent  must be paid; from this dollar the doctor must be paid, and from it the child  must be buried.  The work of this man with the sledge  and of his fellows is the basis of society.  Civilization would be impossible -without his patient submission and self  denial. What is done for hiin by the  society that he makes possible.  If he strikes for a little more money,  we organize at once to shoot him. If he  drinks to forget his life for awhile, we  lock him up and starve his family. On  Sunday we tell him that he mlist stay;  indoors or walk the bare streets, while  others ride bicycles or drive fast horses  or sail about in yachts. We leave him  to observe literally the Puritan Sabbath  and see how he lil.es it.  Free concerts or Sunday beer gardens  for him, or municipal money spent to  make him and his family happy on the  one free day? Certainly not���rank  anarchy! Let him sit around until  Mondav comes and sends him back to  his sledge and the thick bread sandwich.  All very nice, dear, selfish society!  But what a day of reckoning you have  ahead! What a scurrying and scrambling Avhen the heavy sledge conies bat-  j tering   at your   front   door!     It   has  happened, and it can happen ag*ain.  Take an interest in this sledge swinging, dear society, for just as sure as you  are selfish and xinworthy you are bound  to hear sooner or later "from the heavy  sledge.  It is very heavy. Give the man who  swings it "something to live for. Give  him an interest in the world that he  keeps going. Remember that he has a  bad habit of .ending hi.s children to  school. They will bother you some fine  day, and once started, you Avill not be  able to buy them off.  "If slavery is not wrong," said Abraham Lincoln, "nothing is wrong."���  New York Evening Journal.  F. A. Pollock,   GAWAPIAW  BROOKLYN, B. C.  P  AG.F-C  RAILWAY  AST) SOO-PACIFIC LINE.  Dealer in  Canon Knox-Little told a good story  once at a church congress. He said he  remembered a latch gate in front of a  beautiful church, which had been restored and made very nice. There was  painted over the door, "This is the  Gate of Heaven," and underneath was  the large notice, "Go Round the Other  way.  When you get off" at  TO ALT.   EASTERN   AND  EDKOl'EAX POINTS.  TO PACIFIC COAST,  JAPAN,   CHINA   AND  AUSTRALIA.  TO THK IIICH and ACTIVE  MINING DISTRICTS OF  SHORTEST  AND  QUICKEST  ROUTE  Klondike  andthe Yukon,  Close connections and no trouble.  Through tickets issued and Baggage checked  to destination.  s*�� m  ���uigars,  Tobaccoes,  and Stationery.  Take a straight  course to the  ^��������Mail  attention.  orders   receive   prompt  DAILY TO ST. PAUL.  DAILY (EXCEPT TUESDAY)  TO EASTERN CANADIAN  and U. S. POINTS.  NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION.  NEW  TOURIST  CAR  SERVICE  Train leaves New Denver Canyon Siding daily  at _:-_ a.m. Train arrives at New Denver  Canyon Siding at 3:50 j) m.  Boat connection daily (except. Sunday} via  Rosehery: Leaves New Denver at 8.35 a. m;  arrives at New Denver at <1 p. m.  Ascertain   present   REDUCED   RATES  and  full information   hy   addressing   nearest  local agent or���  G. B. GARRETT, Agent New Denver.  W. F. Anderson, Trav.  Pass. Agt., Nelson.  E. ,T. Coyle, Dist. Pass. Agt., Vancouver.  ��2.*<-ll sensible people travel via C. P. Ry and  Soo line.  -VTOTICE is hereby Riven that the partnership  1. heretofore existing between us, the undersigned, as partners under the lirm name of  Sheeran & O'Ray, and trading as packers and  freighters at the Alamo Concentrator, has this  day been dissolved by mutual consent. All debts  owing to the said firm are to be paid to James  Sheeran at the said place of business, by whom  all debts of the said partnership will be paid.  Tated at New Denver. B. C., this 9th day of  Julv, A.D. 1808.  DAN CRAY,  JAS. SHEERAN.  Witness, Chas. S. Rashdall, New Denver. B. C.  k  999  and get something to eat.  The door is always open  as the key has been lost  in the excitement. ...  . . . Everything in the  market can be located in  this Cate .   McDonald & Millard.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Conductor Mineral Claim.  _K  duct is wine, the vine being cultivated  in every province in the kingdom.   Six  hundred   million   gallons of wine are  raised annually, which is more in value  than the total'quantity of grain raised.  Only one-fifth of this,  however,  is exported (principally to France), and even  of this the greater  portion  is  wine of  inferior grade,  used for mixing.   The  The remaining agricultural products of  Spain   exported   are   chiefly   oranges,  lemons, grapes, raisins, nuts, olives and  onions.   Of these over ��15,000,000 worth  go to England annually.    England and  France, indeed, enjoy the great bulk-of  Spain's foreign trade,  but of late years  Germany and the   United  States are  taking a small share of it.  The mineral  Avealth of Spain is enormous, and as the  mines are often controlled by foreign  capital they are worked  with energy.  The iron of the Basque provinces of the  north and the copper ore of the district  about Cadiz have been renowned for  ages.  Thirty-live million dollars' worth  of copper, iron, lead,  silver and quicksilver   are   exported to Great  Britain  annuallv.   There are .manufactures of  cottons," woolens, linens and silks, but  none of these can be said to be very  prosperous, although during the last 25  years, owing to a high protective tariff,  the quantitv of raw material  used  in  textile manufacture has doubled.  Spain  produces excellent wool, but her woolen  manufacture is unable to use il all and  one-fourth is exported.    Similarly, although Spain is especially rich in iron  lields, she gets   about  one-third of the  hardware she needs  for  her own consumption from England.   The total area  of Spain's   coal   fields   is  estimated at  5,500miles, but hitherto  little  coal has  been mined,  partly  because it is somewhat inaccessible." Four million dollars'  worth of coal is annually imported from  England.    Whole moutains of rock salt  exist, but little   is   mined   and none is  exported, although bay salt obtained in  the south is exported  to the'fishermen  of Cornwall.   Another important export  is esparto grass, which  is  sent to England to be used in paper-making*.   And  still another is cork, although Portugal,  which adjoins Spain, is the chief seat of  the cork-producing  industry.    Madrid  (470,000) is the capital  and largest city.  Barcelona (-250,000) is  the  chief seaport  of Spain and the chief manufacturing  centre.   Valencia (145,000) in the southeast, and Seville (135,000) and  Malaga  (115,000) in the south, are the principal  seats of the   fruit   export   trade of the  country.:   Cadiz   ((55,000),   Spain's principal naval seaport,   has a famous export trade in sherry wines.    The total  population of Spain is 17,500,000.  Italy's condition is in some respects  better than that of Spain, but in  others worse. Its population is 30,500,-  000,   being   three   times   more to   the  most  ��f which  goes  to France.   After  silk the products   of   the country that  constitute   the   principal   exports   are  olive oil, fruit (oranges, lemons,grapes,  almonds, figs, dates and piscachio nuts)  and wine (in casks)     The olive oil export and the fruit export are each about  one-fifth of the   export   of silk  and the  wine export about a sixth.   Other important and characteristic exports are  raw   hemp   and   flax,   sulphur,   eggs,  manufactured coral,   woods and  roots  used   for   dyeing   and   tanning,   rice,  marble and "straw-plaiting.    The principal import is  wheat, for agriculture,  though generally  pursued, is still in a  backward state ' of   efficiency   andthe  average grain   crop is   only   one-third  what it is iu Great Britain.   One-eighth  tlie total amount of wheat needed  to  support the people has to be imported.  In fact,  the total amount of foodstuffs  raised in the kingdom is much less than  the amount required,  for example, per  inhabitant not more than one-half of  what is raised in France.    In particular  there is a   deficiency   of   meat and the  amount of meat raised per inhabitant is  the   lowest   in  Europe.    As   a   consequence the Italians are  poorly fed and  it is estimated that four per cent, of the  annual death loss  is occasioned by impoverishment of blood due to a lack of  a sufficiency of wholesome food.   After  wheat and raw cotton, the next principal import is coal, for Italy has no workable   coal   fields.    As   far   as possible  water power is used as a motive power  instead of coal,   especially   in   the iron  industries.    An  important import also  is fish, for, owing to the great number  of fast days which the   Italian  people  observe and to the dearness and scarcity of meat, fish is a very general article  of   consumption.    Six  million   dollars'  worth  is   imported annually and perhaps an equal amount is obtained from  local fisheries, for there  are over 22,000  i vessels and boats and over 70,000 men  | engaged   in   this   industry.    After silk  throwing, the most characteristic  Italian manufacturing  industries are those  which are of an  artistic or semi-artistic  nature,   such   as   the   making   of fine  earthenware,     porcelain,     glassware,  mosaics and lace.    Venice (I51,0i)0) and  Genoa (225,000) are   still  the  principal  seaports and trade centers of Italy, but  in commercial  importance these cities  are only mere   shadows   of what they  once were.  Naples (529,000), the largest  city, is a place  of  little enterprise,' for  its' imports,   principally   cereals,   are  three or four times the value of its exports, which are mainly cheap country  produce.    Milan   (457,000)   and   Turin  (348,000) are the great trade centers of  the north interior and the most prosperous placesiin  the  kingdom,  being* the  chief seats of the silk throwing industry. Milan is also  the chief seat of the  Italian cutlerv  manufacture    Palermo  (284,000) and "Messina (150,000),in Sicily,  are the chief   ports   for   the export  of  Italian fruits   and   also of Italian  fish  (anchovies, tunnels, etc.)     Rome (474,-  000) and Florence (207,000)   owe   their  chief importance   to their art  interest  and to their  historic associations,  but  Florence has an important manufacture  of fine earthenware and mosaics.   Catania (127,000), in Sicily, is the chief seat  of the  Italian  sulphur   export   trade.  W. PARKER  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Twin  Lakes Basin.  >T*AKE NOTICE that I. Herbert T. Twigg,  �� agent for William H. Elson, Free Miner's certificate No. (iSoOA, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate ot improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this 28th day of July. 1898.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red  Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Direct Route to the  Mineral District of the Col-  villo Reservation,   Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave  6:20 a.m  12:05 "  8:30 a. m,  BROOKLYN, B, C.  Deals in Groceries, Provisions, Notions and  He also carries a line of  HP       ���  1 i ell  which he sells to the. trade. Owing* to the war in Cuba this  Cigar will soon be off the market, and hotel men should govern  themselves accordingly.  BTolli- Hugliex,   Real Idea No.  2, Pinto,  Tryon, and Kinkora Mineral  Claims.  Arrive.  5:35 p.m  11:20a. m  3:10 p.m  make close  NEW DENVER,  Situate in the Slocan -lining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  one mile north of Sow Denver, on the shore  of Slocan Lake.  fPAKE XOTICE that I,  W.  S.   D re wry, ofthe  1    town of Kaslo.  acting   as   agent for M. E.  Bragdon. Free Miner's Certilicate No. 85021: H.  Clever, Free Miner's Certificate No. 10070A: Harry  Slieran, Free Miner's Certilicate No. 12001A: and  Thos. Avison, Free Miner's Certificate No. lbi'ii A,  intend sixty (lavs from the date hereof to apply  to the Mining  Recorder for a  certilicate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claims.  And further take notice that action under section ;i7 must be commenced  before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this ltth dav of Julv. 181)8  "W. S. DREWRV  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  Train leaving Nelson at 8:30 a  connections at Spokane,with trains for all  Pacific Coast Points.  Close connection with Steamers for Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle   River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  KASLO& SLOCAN RY  TIME CARD  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Cinderella,  Med ford  Mineral  ;ind  Clai  Keyser Fraction  T  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West j  Kootenay District. Where located: On i  the South Fork of Carpenter Creek about one j  mile and :i half oa.sr. ot Tliree Forks. ;  VH.E NOTICE that I. George B. Dean, acting !  as ag nt for Leonard B. Keyser,free miners' I  certificate No. 0010A, intend sixty days from the I  date hereof to apnly to the. Mining Recorder for a j  certificate of improvements,  for the purpose of ;  obtaining;) Crown grunt (if the above claims.        !  And further take notice, that action under sec- ]  tion 87. must be commenced  before the issuance :  of such certificate of improvements. i  Dated this iitli dav of .rune, 1808. j  GEORGE Ii. DEAN,     j  _ . j  Apex    Mineral    Claim. j  Leave 8 00 A.M  "   8 Sfi '���  "    !l .3(1  "    fl 51 "  '��� 10 03"   ���'  '��� 10. is ���*  ���' 10 38 "  Ait.  10 50 "  Arrive, 8 50 P.M  .   Kaslo  South Fork  Sproule's '���  Whitewater "  Bear Lake ';  McGuigan '���  Cody Junction "  Sandon            Leave  CODY    LINE.  .Sandon ��� Arrive, 11.15 a.m  Lcave, ll._.. a.m  3 15  15  CO  .S  33  12  00  Situate iu the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: North  of the Mountain Chief.  ���TAKE NOTICE that 1, Herbert T, Twigg. agent  1 ior George W. Hughes, free miner's certificate No. (JI.075. intend, sixty days from the date  hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certilicate of improvements for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 2nd day of June, 181)8.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Leave, 11.00 a.in  Arrive, 11.20   ���'    ���   Cody  ROBT. IRVINE,  Traffic Alngr.  GEO. F. C0PELAND,  Superintendent  For cheap railroad and steamship, tickets tc  and from all  points,  apply to  S.  CAMPBELL, Agent, Sandon.  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  &JRADINGCO.,  LTD.  Summer Time Card effective June 20, 1808.  Subject to change without notice.  SS.  South Bound  Read down.   : : | ��  Convention    Fractional   Mineral   Claim.    CT  Provides ample and pleasant accommodation for the traveling* public.  Telegrams for rooms promptly attended to.  STEGE & AVISON,       -       -       -       -      "- -       Proprietors.  ��>^/��/@/��/��/��/��/��/��/��/�� /% /&>&%W��/��/%^ /% ��  Lot 2_88.  Situate iu  the Slocan  Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:    About  H miles Cast of New Denver, and adjoining  the Marion and Clipper mineral claims.  T��AKE NOTICE tlmt  I. Robt. E.   Palmer,  as  1    agent I'or Albert Bclme, of New Denver, B.  C,   Iree   miner's  certilicate   No.   81010,    intend,  sixty days from the date hereof to apply to the  Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claiin.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance, of  such certilicate of improvements.  Dated this loth day of Mav. 1898.  R. E", PALMER, P.L.S.  INTERNATIONAL.  North Bound  Read up.  SANDON  Traill lvs Dally. 1.00 pm   Train ar daily 10.50 am  KASl.O  -   ar      -;       3.4.. pm   Train Iv    '       8.00 ain  GBoat lv 3.30 am    ���Kaslo���    Boat ar 8.30 \>m>>  1.30 am    Ainsworth "      7.30 puis  iv.ooam    Pilot Bay "      0.15 pm=>  5.30 am      Balfour "     (1.10 pm7-1  *Boat arii.io am, Five Mile Pt  "     7.15 am      Nelson  o.23pm'  Iv4.l5 pm=>  ^Train ar 10.05 am Northport Train lv 1.55 pmjj^  11 20 am  3 10 pm  Rossland  Spokane  Read down.  Daily train lv  SS. ALBERTA.  12.0.. pm-  8.30 aniQ  Read up.  Sandon  l.oo inn        Daily train ario.oti am  Kaslo  " ar 8.45 pm " lv  S.(X) am  Boat lv 5.00 pm Mo&T Boat ar 1.00 pm  "   0.20 pm Ainsworth Boat ar 11.40 pin���  e  ames  el  New  Sp  Goods,  New Denver,  Has been re-opened under new management. The Dining Room will  always be up to  the  market, while  the   bar   will   contain  cigars that cannot be  quality   and  flavor   in  Old and   new patrons  hotel just like home.  ���JACOBSON & CO.  liquors and  surpassed for  the Slocan.  will   find this  Latest novelties  in Dress Goods for  Spring and Summer wear; ready-  made     Clothing,  Neck wear, Hats,  and   Caps,   Boots i  and   Shoes ��� the  most complete stock  in  the lake sec-;  tion���at prices as low as it is possible  to make them.      We  invite your inspection. Look into our show- window. ,  Vve   are displaying   a   fine   line of  novelties.  McLachlan & McKay,  New Denver.  ~-_5      '*   T.i.ipin   Pilot Bay  �� ������ IO.ivi pm Kuskonook      "  ������ l2.0Opin Goat River      "  '-2 '��� .l.ooain   Boundary  3 - '��� ar 8.00 am Bonner's F'r.v ��� Iv  >-^Train lv ll.lo am " Train ar  "*       "     ar 2.45 pin Spokane      "     Iv  11 00 i��m ��  8.11> pm^  fi.00 pm^j  5.00 pm ^  2.00 pm-3  1.15 pmj  7.50 amy}  SP  'ECI'AL KOOTENAV LAKE SERVICE,  Commencing .June 20, isos.  On Mondav. Thursday and Friday ss Alberta  will leave Kaslo- p. m.'for Ainswortn, Pilot Bay,  and Nelson. Leaving Nelson at 8 a. ni., Tuesday. Friday and Saturday, calling at Pilot Bay,  Ainsworth and Kaslo. and all way points.  G K< iliC, 10   A LEX A NDEK, Gen'l Mf:r  I\ O. Box 122, Kaslo. B.C.  Brandon, B. C,  Assay Price  List  TJip   108Bishopsgate St  JL IIV* i within >  Bri .ishs^0NI)0N;ENG-  Columbia.  Review  io pev annum  o Brokers. Mining  Engineers, owners of  Mining Claims. Mining Engineers,Assayer. ,   Journalists   and  others-  Advertise in the B. C. Review,  the only representative B. C. Jour-  n.l in Europe.   A Good Investment.  Gold, Silver, or Lead, each   Gold, Silver and Lead, combined   Gold and Silver   Silver and Lead   Coniw (by Electrolysis)   Gold, Silver. Copper and Lead   Gold and Copper ,   Silver and Cop]>cr   Gold. Silver and Copper   Platinum   Mercury   Iron or Manganese   Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each   Bismuth, Tin. Cobalt. Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each   Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter. Ash,  and percentage of Coke, if Coking-  Coal)   Terms: 'Cash With ..ample.  June 20th. 18....  .1.-0  .'' 00  2 00  2 00  _ (X)  ���1 00  2 50  2 50  3 00  .. 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  -I 00  FRANK DICK,  A-_aycr and An;  I V Ht THE LEDG.E, NEW DENVER, B.C., JUnY .28, .1898.  Fifth Yeae  MINING   RECORDS  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded curing the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Derive'- were  as follows :���  LOCATIONS.  July 1.���Flossie Fractional, Cody creek, Elizabeth Ann Cameron.  Julv 20���Little Dora, relocation of Little Joe,  McGuigan, P Chisholm  Spins, west fork Cody creek, W C Adams.  July 21���Lancaster, south fork Carpenter, Robt  Porter.  U S, Seaton creek, Jno N Pickard.  July 2,'J���Syndicate, east fork Fennel creek, C  H Brindle.  Julv 25���Bird Fractional, relocation of La  Paloma, Surprise basin, Norman McMillan.  Princess, between Wilson and Carpenter  creeks, Martin Clair and John Lowes.  July 2G���Shaddy,.south fork Carpenter, E M  Sandilands.  ASSESSMENTS.  Jti.y 19���Bessie No 4, Commander, Tyro, Boatswain Fraction. Black Horse.  July 20���Waterloo. Black Hawk, Bell Smith,  Arctic, Fountain Fraction, Mocking Bird,  Dreadnaught.  July 21���Majestic, Unexpected, Rushford  Sheridan, Phoenix. Kelso.  July 22���Carrie B Fraction. Omega 1 Fraction.  Coin Fraction.  July 23���Mountain View, Duiiderberg.Caleary  Boy, England, Ireland, Scotland, Glenwood.New  Brunswick,  July 25���Clipper,'. Santana. Lily, Laurier,  Tiptop, Mae B, Philadelphia, -.emipr.oi-. Prickly  Hornet, Snow Bird,  July _.���Ava Fraction.  TRANSFERS.  July 20���Monitor No?>, h, Jas McKienian and C  H Lourson, July 13.  July 22���Iron Mountain, Silver Cup No 2,  Mountain Chief No 3, Sarnia, notice of intended  sale by Sheriff Aug fl, to satisfy judgment for  .188.40 entered by Thomas Lloyd against D A  Van Dor 11.  Will of Chas L Arnold in favor of Wm A  Arnold, father, covering all mining and other  interests.  July' _0���Apis Hi Robt Jones to E M Sandilands,  Jan 22,. 260.  SLOCAN   CITY   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  July 15���Toronto Fractional, Springer, Angus  M.William.  July lfi���Texas. Jack creek, J A Foley: Mountain Home Fractional, Lemon, J D Read.  July 18���Pacific Fractional, Lemon, E B Dunlop! Francis M. same, Jas B Thompson.  July- 19���Progress, Slocan lake, Blair Carter;  Reco, Lemon, John Sullivan.  July 20���Silver Cliff. Ten Mile, Harry Low;  Myrtle, same, same and Michael Powers; Sam-  Ben, Lemon, R Badshaw; H. Shafter, Jack creek,  J Reid.  ASSESSMENTS.  July 15���Time, Stratford, Missing Link, Mu-  rillo Fraction, Maggie, Iowa Boy, Young Bear,  Bright Light.  July-1G���Conundrum 1, Conundrum 2, Alta,  Hub, Alexander No 2, Delley, Aztec No 2.  July 18���Snowstorm, St Paul, Comstock, Emmet, Flagstaff, Great Britain Fraction.  July i_���Eagle Wing, Bertha, Great Britain,  Harden, Lad, Quintc, Rather, Baltic.  July' 20���X L C R, Maple Leaf, Porcupine,  Union, Free Gold Fraction, Earl.  TRANSFERS.  July 15���Time J, Herbert W Kent to Frank  Culver.  Oakland J, Thomas Rouse to E M Sandilands.  July 1G���Little Dolphin }, I F Nault to C F  Denver.  July 18��� Free Gold Fraction {���, Geo T Gormerly  to James F Reilly.  AINSWORTH   DIVISION  LOCATIONS.  July IO���Olympia, R Williams. Win Ryan, R  Mitchell; Iceberg, H Roy Stovel; Snow, lide, J  Anderson; Snowdrift, H I. Stovel; Copper King,  Wm Brannan; Jack Pot. J McCue; First Choice,  Wm Martin; Behvood, Geo Martin; 2 Jacks, J  Shanahan.  July 18���Bessie, II Clever; Oregon, R M  Kenoon; Ben Lomond, Oscar Anderson.  July 19���Gold Cup, Dan Cameron; Golden  Jem, A Bremner; Grand Deposit, G L Bremner;  Dauntless, Mrs E B Harding; Brooklyn. E B  Harding; Alpha Fraction, Elsie Fraction, WE  Mann.  ASSESSMENTS.  July 10���Bonner Fraction, Surprise, Empire,  Tioga, Alexander Fraction, Inez DFraction, Red  Prince, Mollie Woods, Overman, Spokane Kaslo,  Spokane No 2, Tiger, Big Four. Copper King,  Mammoth, Wisconsin, Lucky Strike, Hub, Maple  Leaf, Roseene. Bostock, Haltonian, Great Bend,  Motrose, Little 2.  ������ * July 18���Silver Glance.Sumniit Queen, Adrift,  Oriflamme, Gold Drop.  July 19���Mammoth. Pyrrhotite, Woodstock,  Homestake, Paystreak, IFairhavcn, Parrot, Scottish Chief, Eureka, Homestake. Echo.  HOW   MEN   DIE    IN    BATTLE.  '���If you want to know how men die in  batt'e, ask some of those who have been  at Wilson's Creek, on one side or the  other,"' said Judge David Murphy ofthe  criminal court to a reporter of the St.  Paul Republic.  "I was in Totten's battery, and I saw  them, wounded and dying-, "falling- thick  and fast around me. You may say  that 1 saw not one man flunk in the face  ot death on that terrible day of fight  and bloodshed. While I was firing my  gun from Bloody hill a youngster, not  more than 20 years old, suddenly jerked  his leg. He uttered a sharp, quick cry,  then bent down and tore the trousers  away from the place on his shin where  a rnmiiie had struck him. He looked  up with a smile, patted the wound with  his hand, pulled the torn trousers down  and went 011 shooting. Five minutes  later he yelled again, and his hand  went up to the fleshy part of his left  arm. 'Hit again!' he said, sat down  behind the battle ranks and examined  his arm. The wound was only skin  deep, and that seemed to please him  hugely, for he tied his handkerchief  around it, and again went forward into  the ranks with his musket.  "'You're fighting in bad luck to-day,  Pete,' said a comrade. The youngster  turned his face to answer back, and by  the snapping of his eyes it could be seen  that his mind framed a saucy, defiant  reply. Just then his jaw dropped. A  ball plowed its way through his mouth,  leaving nothing but a bloody, tongue-  less cavity. With a hoarse gurgle the  fellow threw his gun on the ground and  fled back to the lines. He was found in  a hospital afterward, but never recovered.  "On that same day I encountered  three men under a tree. There faces  were ashy gray, showing that they were  mortallv wounded. I asked them why  thev were not attended to, and one of  them said that as it was all over Avith  them they wanted the surgeons to attend first to those who could be saved.  One of the men was smoking a short  briarwood pipe.  "'What are you doing, my friend?'  I asked.  " 'Taking my last smoke,'he answered, his ghastly"eyes looking steadily at  me. Another was reading a letter.  He held it up to his face, but I could  see that he was not making any head-  ' wav. His eyes were growing dim, and  his" weak, trembling hands folded the  missive and thrust it into his breast  pocket. He was perfectly resigned to  his fate, and had not a word to say.  When 1 returned in the evening, after  a lull, I found the three men dead.  Their faces were white and set in the  shadow of the tree under which they  lay. By the placidity of the features I  knew tliat they had met death without  flunking.  "That's all bosh about men raving  about mother, home and heaven. All  the men I have seen die, or near death,  were quiet and perfectly rational. They  made no fuss. Those that did were  usually delirious, entirely out of their  minds. The faces of these were frequently distorted,, and gave every  evidence :of the mental and physical  agony thej* unconsciously had endured.  "One thing struck ine as peculiar.  Nearly all the regulars exhibit an instant desire to examine their wounds  when they were hit, and the expression  of their faces indicated in a moment  whether thev were slightly 01* mortally  i wounded. They seemed "to know with  j unfailing certainty. If the wound was  slight avnl in a place where they could  tie it up conveniently, they did so, and  then went back into the fighting lines.  If it was mortal, their grave, pale faces  betrayed their knowledge. The volunteers were brave as lions, and seldom  give up unless seriously hurt."  CULTIVATED    FRUITS.  ton or venison, and it is as good as cranberries with roast turkey. It is very  valuable in sickness, especially fevers, as  it makes a cooling and refreshing drink,  and it is very pretty for ornamenting  fancy creams, etc. Currant shortcake is  good, and ripe currants and huckleberries mixed togther in equal proportions miike very delicious pies, and  currant water ice is an easily made and  very refreshing dessert for a hot day.  In England black currants are used  quite extensiely, and large quantities of  jam and jelly is prepared, both for the  table and medicinal, purposes. It is considered invaluable for sore throat, and  also for bowel troubles.  A    RANCH   GIR_'S    CHOICE.  Folks shuck their heads, an' whispered 'round,  In rather of a sneerin' way,  That I was crazy, when they found  Me goin' to marry Tommy Gray.  They .tinted, thet I'd best be dead  Then hitched for life to such as he,  But I jes' let 'em talk an' said,  They didn't know him well as me.  Fur though he might be wild at time3,  He never did no ser'us crimes.  When I declined young Silas Pope,  Who slung at ine his ranch and herd,  An' put the rowels to his hone  Without a super-flu^oa. word,  An' oilered Tom encouragement���  A cowboy working for his hire���  The neighbors 'round us nearly went  In spasms, an' they used to tire  Me half to death a-sayin'I  Would take a tumble hy an' by.  H. H. Knox,  Has removed to the  Newmarket  Block and is prepared to repair  every description of  Disabled  Watches.  IUUGHT    I.UTURX-    AHEAD.  What     the    1$. C.    Review     of    Loudon  Foresees for the Province.  As for Westralia, says  the B. C. Review, London, the mines will have to  accomplish much  more  in the way of  gold production before they can again  become attractive as a  form of investment.   The   political   disquiet   in   the  countrv and the futilitv of trving to  regenerate Mr. Krugei   is a disagreeable combination which  must  have its  reflex in the  restriction of business in  Kaffirs.    For the South African magnates to expect by the subtle device of  branding themselves as  perverters of  the truth to  restore confidence'is fatuous in the extreme.  In fine, the mining  market cannot  lie  moulded to suit the  interests of  certain  groups  exercising'  palpable sway over  it.     The   investor  yearns for a change.    His affections for  well-known mining-countries has faded  with   the   disappearance   of   the    real  speculative element.    It is a change of  diet he now  requires,   and   in   British  Columbia  and   the  North-West   Territories of Canada he sects the possibility  of gratifying the need.    From time immemorial   it   has   invariably 'occurred  tiiatithe hum of a settled and perinineiit  mining   industry   loses its charm as a  medium of   investment.    So  it  is with :  South Africa  and   Westralia.    Where- !  fore, British Columbia is now destined '  to  supply   the   principle   incentive to i  activity in theminingmarket.   Already !  about i_0 companies have been formed !  to exploit the natural  resource is of this \  portion   of   North   America.     But  the \  proved richness of the fields is a subject  which is  widely  occupying  the  attention of capitalists,  and   there  are  not ;  wantina*   indications   of. coming  brisk  business in the B. C. market.    Because !  dealings on a   larire scale   in   these.de-;  It is said that the history of our cultivated fruits is the history of civilization ;  that wherever barbarity is found, the  cultivation of fruits as a science is unknown. The higher the civilization, the  greater the attention paid to the science  of horticulture, and wherever pioneer  work is undertaken, we find the transportation of fruits from the old lands to  the new an almost inevitable result. As  we walk through the markets or among  the stores, where such a bountiful supply of such varied fruits are displayed,  we realize how marvelous has been the  work accomplished by horticulture. So  many of our subtropical fruits have been  acclimatized and improved by the gardeners of our temperate regions.  While we do not depend upon fruits to  furnish the elements necessary to sustain  life,!yet they are especially valuable for  the potash salts they contain, which are  so   necessary   to   keep the  blood   in a;  healthy condition, and  their flavor and j  juices serve to stimulate a weak appetite j  and give variety to perhaps a too-solid  diet.    They also contribute in a refresh- j  ing form  much  of the  water necessary  for digestion  and  assimilation.    Still, I  think we eat fruits  more  for the agreeable   sensations   they afford the   palate j  Ihan for the   beneficial   elements   they j  contain.    No fear need be entertained of  any injurious effects being occasioned by  the eating of ripe and sound fruit.    It is  the unripe and   unsound   fruit we must  guard   against.      Unripe   fruit    should  never he eaten until  truit  thoroughly  cooked,  and unsound fruit should never be used  in any form. Juicy fruits begin to decay  as soon as they are fully ripe, so that  the utmost care must be used in their  selection. When under-ripe or overripe, an acid is present in them which  causes various intestinal derangements.  No decayed fruit, under any circumstances, should ever be touched. The  skins of such fruits as plums, etc., will  frequently produce irritation and even  fatal inflamation of the intestines.  Berries at the present time call for the  housekeeper's immediate attention. This  month will be devoted largely to canning, preserving and jelly-making.  While strawberries are past their prime,  we   have   red   and    black   raspberries,  scriptions are highly probable-investors | cherries, gooseberries,blueberries.huckle  berries and currants in such profusion  that we may exclaim as did . I Matteau  Williams: "Jam for the million, jelly  for the luxurious, and juice for all."  Currants require our immediate attention, and large quantities of this very  I refreshing fruit should be used. Cur-  ; ranis seem especially adapted to this hot  j July weather, when acid fruits are so  i desirable. For jelly they are of great  lvalue. Nothing can supply ,the place of  ! this jelly as an accompaniment to mui  must not recklessly subscribe for or buy  shares in undertakings of which they  are wholly ignorant. Their failure to  use discrimination can only lead to  ultimate disapppointment and loss. We  have before uttered a warning to this  effect, and its repetition is rendered  urgent in view of the broadening out  and possibilities of the B.C. market.  The Kuth Mines are advised by cable  that the on; shipped for June was 207  tons, with an estimated profit of ft..,40u.  An' im an' ma, both of 'em roared  Like Texas bulls, they got so wil  An' said they wisht the blessed Lord  Had tuk me when I wa.s a child  They said if I would marry Si  T'd make big folks of all of us,  But as fur Tom, they knowed 'at I  Would iind he was a worthless cus.  I told 'em plain as ABC  My heart was doin' it, not me.  An'all the same I married Tom,  An' you jes' ort to seed,'em stare  To see him settle down aii' come  Right to the front, an' every care  I ever had jes' oozed away  Like smoke before the prairie breeze,  And we're as happy as the day  Is long, an' also, if you please,  There ain't a neighbor left or right  But thinks my Tom is out o'sight.  An' sometimes when I set an' peep.  At that fat baby lyin' there  Curled in its little cri b asleep.  Resemblin' Tom right to a hair.  An' hear its pa in the corral  A-singin' tunes in his delight  An' whis'lir' dancin'music���well,  I think I hit it mighty right,  An' as fur Si, I shed no tears-  He's gone to jail for stealin'steers.  -Denver Post.  THE  SELKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining*  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts of  this hotel.  BRANDON & BARRETT  DO NOT OVERLOOK Yf|��  When" in Silverton,   especially if  you have a thirst with you.  The beer is kept on ice, while the whiskey  has  that flavor and power so  much appreciated by the traveller when he is weak and weary.  THOMAS CLAIR, Proprietor.  Port of Nakusp.  THOS. ABRIEL  CUSTOMS BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B. C.  Great Clearance  Sale   *or     Q  ��� ee  only  500 pairs of--  Ladies' Shoes & Slippers  Including Black, Chocolate and Tan, Lace and Button  Shoes, Oxford Ties, Strap and Bow Slippers; also white  Pink and Red Sandals.      At cost price; for Cash only.  Postoffice Store, Sandon.  "I was once speaking at a temperance  meeting in Green Bay," says ex-Governor Peck, of Milwaukee, and in the  course of my remarks I looked about for  some water. A'- mug had been placed  beside me, and how it could have happened at a temperance convention I do  not know, but it was a beer mug, filled  with water. Well, it was a warm day,  and where there is a convention food J  spread out on a warm day there are  likely to be flies. There were flies, and  one had lighted trustingly on the surface  of the water in that mug. I saw him as  I.lifted it and did the most natural and  humane thing I could think of���blew  him off the water. Well, they cheered  for five minutes. And to this day I  don't suppose you can persuade a Green  Bay man that anybody from Milwaukee  can drink a glass of water, even at a temperance convention,' without first blowing off the foam."  The new smelter at the Canadian  Sault Ste Marie is now in working  order. The company owning* the  smelter is in possession of a new process  for treating* nickel ore, which reduces  the cost more than one-half. By it also  the sulphur and copper are preserved  intact. The nickel steel formed by this  new process is superior to anything' yet  put on the market. The company is  now- prepared to get out 100 tons a day.  Specials  in new Suitings  F. Pyman has again commenced to  do business in New Denver. Bring  your watches to him when they are out  of order. Py man's new building, Sixth  street.  Rev. Mr. Goodman (before registering)  ���Have you got a life-saver here?  Clerk (coldly)���No, sir; the bar is at  the end of the hall, to the right.  I have lately received a stock of  well-selected, handsome suitings  for Spring.make-up, and I earnestly invite your inspection of  them. Some excellent qualities  and patterns, and at especially  low prices���lower, than ever put  ' upon the��� market in this section  before.  I guarantee a neat, natty lit,  and satisfaction in every particular.       Are you wanting a Spring  suit'^  M. A.-���WILSON, ���  The Reliable Slocan Tailor.   0  Newmarket Blk, New Denver, B. C.      *  FRED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  *  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings aWays on hand.  STRAYED.  0N,UNE  TH,  lane and tail,  applying to���  PALMA  New Denver, B. C.  a bay   saddle  horse,   black  Finder will be rewarded by  ANGRIGNON.  If  year  Letter  ^w<wm**tt*ww<m****mw*w  WHOLESALE GROCERS  Agents for B. C. Sugar Refinery and Royal  City Planing Mills."  _*_^tttt_*_>_^*_^_)*^_*.*_*_***  Dealers in  Hardware,  Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  SLOGAN CITY, B.C.  Boot  and  and other  Stationery  are  Your* business  uaill  suffer.  of many  Sizes,  Kinds,  and Prices,  at  T. H. Hoben's  NEW  DENVER, B.C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to tlie Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  New Denyer, B.C.  ��� 1  *  Gftft  ^Mftft0^^p  ����C9������^*��^��1  DR. MILLOY,  .... Next to a healthy bank account the most essential thing  to a BUSINESS MAN  is to  have  his writing stationery and  business cards, etc., of good quality ancl  printed in business,  style.    A. man in business does not necessarily mean  A BUSI- >  NESS MAN.    Some men are as careless about their stationery \  as about their business���don't care how it is printed so long as ,  it is cheap.       To these we want to talk.     With our increased j  facilities we can fill your orders for Job  Printing as cheap as ;  yfl the cheapest, and the quality of the  work and stock is unsur-  )vl passed���even in the large cities.       Samples of stock and work j  A)) open to your inspection.    All classes of work���from a tri-colored  ty[ sheet poster to the daintiest and handsomest wedding stationery.  ��'u Whatever   you   want,   don't  overlook   The   Ledge  Power 7  M Printing Plant, the best equipped  office, west of Red River. \  DENTIST  Rooms in Reco Hotel, Sandon.  WANTED���Hcnest, energetic young men;  farmers' sons, tea. her.., students, clerks and  others who are admin.'!, of Mr. Gladstone, and  would like to spend the next three months in  telline: the matchless story of his life. We teach  vou how to do the work and guarantee success.  From .2.011 to .-5.00 a day absolutely sure. There  is no fear of failure and it will be enjoyable work.  Particulars furnished free.  BRADLEV-GARRETSON CO., Limited,  Toronto.  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevev, Slocan Lake, B.C.  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  arge  And  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and fr3 per day.  COCKLE & PAP WORTH,  Proprietors.  The  Nakusp,  a comfortable hotel for travellers  to slop at.  Mrs. McDougald/  BRICK  FOR   SALE.    :  JOHN,, GOETTSCJ .E,  XE\V:DE>.YE_t.''";'  T-OUSO-, ItCldll k CO.,  Insurance  ai,d General Oommissson.  ���  ���-Agents...   ,:-    .    ���-*;������  NEW DKN'VKK.,.IJ.   _._______���_���___ 


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