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The Ledge Jun 2, 1898

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Array Volume V.   No.  _m.  NEW DENVER, B. C, JUNE 2, 1898.  Price, $2,00 Year  I/;  1,1 '.;  it  MONEY WANTED  New Denverites Impatient for  Public Work to Begin.  THE   GOVERNMENT   PETITIONED  . New Denver's legitimate wants are  many and its citizens are just determined,enoug'h to get all tliey can from the  Government by" way of financial assistance.  Tuesday night a public meeting was  held in Clover's hall, attended by upwards of 70 people, for the purpose of  petitioning* the Government by resolution to take active steps towards carrying* out the public work in and about  New Denver, for which-appropriations  are already made.  S. T, Walker was called to tlie chair  and the meeting* was at once brought  down to business by the introduction of  the following* resolutiomby Messrs. Kerr  and Fauquier  "Whereas, a great many men are out  of work in the' Slocan District, and  whereas, there are loud complaints of  the delay in proceeding with the public,  ���works;-'therefore this meeting calls  upon the Government to spend the appropriations for this year at once, and  particularly to commence wn*k at once  on the New Denver-Three Forks wagon  road, vault in the'Government office in  New Denver, the wagon road from  New Denver to Silverton, and the  expenditure of $500 in public improvements on the streets and Government  property in New Denver.  "And further, that the Government  be requested to carry out the above  works by day labor at ��3.00 a day, and  to employ none but men of the district  in the work, whether as superintendent  or as laborers."  The question of fire protection was  called up by Mr. Mitchell by the reading* of an article stating that the Provincial Board of Underwriters have  sent from Vancouver Mr. Ross, as  their agent, to inspect the fire appliances and apparatus of the several  inland Kootenay towns, that their con-  be   learned,   in   view to  of British North America, and Mr. J.  Stanley Hudson, have been selected by  the. Bank to go to Dawson.  On Sunday evening next at ~:'60 Mr.  Sharpc, will'preach from the text, "The  Lord' God is a Sun."  ���J. T, Wilkinson, Province'man perambulating, struck town Tuesday, and  is taking paper to his old friends  New Denver is the Nelson of Slocan  lake. Its past is "praiseworthy,- its  future radiant with bright hopes and  honorable achievements.  Enough ore is now in sight on the  Mollie Hughes to pay for the property  and two'more J edges'have been discovered and are yet to be opened;  The Salvatioii'Army is verymuch in  evidence ��� in Kaslo. The Paystreak  thinks tlie Army of the Lord is a long  way from headquarters'when it is in  that town.  Within the next week or ten days a  a large force of men will be engaged on  the streets of New Denver and'Goveru-  grubbing  UNCLE SAM TO DON CARLOS.  dition might  fixing* a new rate of fire insurance.  After briefly discussing the matter  the secretary was instructed by resolution "to advise  the proper authorities  .   at Victoria that   it   is the sense of this  meeting that the usual appropriation  .. be immediately made for the purchase  'of proper appliances for :fire protection  in New Denver, and for the formation  of a fire brigade to be comprised of volunteer residents of this town."  After giving a unanimous vote of  thanks to"Mr. Clever for the use of his  hall and the "passage of minor resolutions the meeting* adjourned.  NEW   DENVER    .ITEMS.  Dr. Bell Irving* was in town last Friday.  The elections will take place about  the 11th of July.  The fourth of June is the last day for  getting names on the voters list.  If the expert's report is favorable a  concentrator Avill be erected at the Corn-  stock.  Sandon will celebrate the First of  July. It will make this one of its great  celebrations.  Five inches of clean ore has been  struck on the Mountain Lily, one of the  Roulette group.  A washout occurred on Che Nakusp  & Slocan Monday night between here  and Three Forks!'  Silver keens climbing up. A few  more cents added to the present price,  57��, will make the Slocan hum.  There are moments when one wants  to be alone after celebrating these  grand and glorious patriotic holidays.  C. W. Harrington is visiting his folks  in Vermillion, South Dakota. It is  Billy's first trip home in eleven years.  The New Denver band has been ask-  edd to go to Nelson on the First of July.  It is conceded that, this band is the best  in Kootenay.  Carpenter creek is just now one of  those unknown quantities. It has kept  the people on the flat in a state of terror  for some days past.  Jas. J. McDonnell was in town this  week. He is building a spur to the  ���_oal mines from the main line of the  brow's Nest Railway.  Frank Watson, manager of the  -rlington mine, states that work will  e resumed on the property as soon as  ie new road is completed.  J. H. Yates, of Spokane, visited his  other Rev. C. F. Yates this week.  ,*. Yates lived in New Denver when  iyas known as Eldorada City.  Ir. J. Cran, until   recently manager  >he Slocan Citv branch  of the bank  ment grounds grading and.  and making things look nice.  A Spokane paper suggests that the  United States trade off the Pliillipine  Islands to Great Britain for.British Columbia Spokane has some funny  ideas. But they're only on paper anil  are harmless.  Though the past few weeks have been  exceedingly quiet in mining transfers,  deals are oil that promise to put several  well-known properties in the hands of  big companies. Altogether the future  looks very bright.  Rev. R. N. Powell will preach in the  Methodist church next Sunday, June  oth. Morning-at 11, ''Faith's devotion  and her reward." Evening at 7:30,  "The mysteri his young man," a special  sermon to young men. An earnest and  hearty invitation is extended to all.  The second meeting of the New Denver Political Campaign Club was held  Saturday night. There was in attendance some HO members, and 20.names  were added to the membership roll,  making i!0 in all. The meeting' was  largely given up to routine business,  very little of public importance trans-  oiring.  On Monday evening New Denver  LodgoNo. 22 Knights of Pythias held  their scmi-anniiaf election of officers  when the following were duly elected:  XV. P. Evans. C.C!; Gordon Sutherland,  V.O.; M. T. Meldie, Prelate; A. M. Mc-  Giliiverv, M. of XV.: C. E. Smitherin-  gale, K.' of ft. and S.; C. W. Callahan,  M. of F.; Thos. Avison, M. of E.; John  Goettsche, I.G.;  C. F. Nelson, O.G..  LOOK 1 NO   BIRGHI'ER     EVERY     DAY  Uncle Sam. ���"Take your  feet."  Don Carlos.���"Ne-veer !  foot off Spain, or I'll be onto you with both  My count, eo es one of honor ! "  "IHI_LY"    MoKlXNON    DROWNED.  of   the  Groat  Slocan  Divido.  Crosse:  Hi-  The North West Mining Syndicate,  with its head office in London, Eng.,  has been licensed as an extra Provincial  company. This is the company represented in  British Columbia by Mr. XV.  PI. Sandiford, and which  is operating  the Mollie Hughes group.  The No. 1 shaft on the Mollie Hughes  ledge has been connected with the  crosscut tunnel at a depth of 50 feet,  and driving on the ledge has been commenced. .'Theledge has also been found  on the No. 2 tunnel, below the railway  track. This will give backs of 250 feet.  Two other ledges have been discovered  on the property, Avhich are being* opened  up and explored.  Mr. Sandiford left yesterday per  steamship Slocan for Nelson and Kootenay lake, to inspect some gold mines  in which his company is largely interested. ".'"'���.  IMPORTANT    STIHKI-.  very important  week. The ore  for a distance of  On   the  Fidelity   a  strike was make this  chute was uncovered  20 or 25 feet at the western line of the  claim, GOO feet from the original work-j  ings, and to all indications is as strong  as at the point where the workings are  located. This shows the continuity of  the lead Work on the tunnel into  Fidelity hill is being pushed with renewed vigor and a crosscut will be run  to find the ore chute there, a distance of  :-500 feet in the opposite direction from  the workings.  A short despatch last week announced  the fact that AV. C. McKinnon, of Silverton, had been drowned in the  Stickine river. The following particulars are taken from the Daily Province:  "McKinnon was taking a party of live  men into the Yukon country aiid had  reached Telegraph Creek with their  outfit, with which they were ready to  start over the trail. Before making  the start, however, McKinnon decided  to visit Glenora for his mail and taking-  two members of the party, started down  the river. A few hours after they had  left Telegraph Creek a man on the bank  just above Glenora saw a man clinging  to an upturned boat,being carried down  the river. Nothing could be done to  help him, for even had a boat been  handy and have been launched it could  not have caught the upturned craft. A  few miles below Glenora the boat was  again seen, but this time without its unfortunate passenger who must have lost  his hold soon after he was seen from  the bank. McKinnon's body was found  but nothing was seen or heard of those  of his companions. There is just a bare  chance that the two men reached shore  but again so many men are passing up  and down daily that had they been safe  the fact must liave been reported.  "How the accident occured is of  course a mystery, but the section of the  river where it happened has always  been considered dangerous  "McKinnon was well-to-do and was  financing* the expedition of which he  was the leader. Considerable money  was found in his pockets when the body  was picked up."  W. C. McKinnon was one of the  pioneers of the Slocan having* been in  the store business with Wm. Hunter in  several towns of the district For a  long time he was one of the owners of  the steamer VV Hunter, and took an  active part in the management of that:  boat last year. His sudden death came  as a sho.i. to all his friends, and his  brothers and sister; who reside in Silverton, have the sincere sympathy of  all who knew him.  FOUGHT    AVITH    A    GRIZZLY.  | on this property during the summer by  its present owners, Messrs. Curtin,  Stack and Kereeme.  James Westgate has started four men  to work on the Friday, which adjoins  the Porto Rico. Although Jittle development work has been done on this  property up to the present time; Mr.  Westgate has ref usetl two or three good  offers "for the Friday.  J. B. Stover and Toney Modigh recently bonded the Old Joe claim,situate  a few miles below Erie and opposite  Beaver. There has been considerable  work done on this property and the  showing's are good. A force "of men has  been put to work on the Old Joe.  Frank Tomblyn, of Nelson, will put a  force of men to work on the Royal Oak  claim, which adjoins the famous Ymir  mine,within a few days. Mr. Tomblyn  had considerable work done on tins  property last summer and fall and he is  well pleased with the way the Royal  Oak is looking at present.  Chris Creamer has been doing assess  ment work on the Bruce,situate one and  a half miles south of Ymir and close to  the Flossie R. This property is owned  by Dr. Sinclair, of Rossland." There is  a'well defined ledge' four feet wide on  the Bruce, and surface assays give So.30  in gold and copper.  Fred Reiser and Tony Modigh have  started to work on the Copper Belle,  situate on Stewart creek. This property has a tine ledge some three feet  wide running through the entire claim,  and assays have been made as high as  ��12 to SIS per ton in gold from surface  rock. The property will be worked  steadily during the summer and fall.  EASTERN NEWS  Important Items  Chronicled  by Our Correspondent.  RUSHING READERS' RETREAT  The British war office has consented  to give every veteran'of '60 a medal.  The Queen has accepted Lord Aberdeen's resignation of his office as  Governor-General of Canada.  The Hon. Peter Mitchell, one of the  fathers of Confederation, was seized  with an apolectic fit on May 14th, at the  Windsor hotel  staving*.  Montreal, where he was  Wiii. Moi  r of Kaslo lists si Rough Experience With   a  H<;ii-.  TRAIL   CKEBK   SMELTER.  big-  crew of graders  ��� Win. Moir, of Kaslo, had a hard fight  for, his life last Thursday with a grizzly  while on his Avay to do assessment work  on his claim, a short distance above  Sproules. He was climbing the steep  mountain side with a pack on his back-  arid an axe in his hand when he lie was  suddenly confronted by two large  bears. The larger one made for him  at once. Moir had not time to free him-  se'f of his pack and had to tight for his  life as best be could hampered as he  was. He dealt the bear a blow with  the axe, cutting deep into the animals  neck.  The rush of the attack sent both  man and bear rolling down the hill together in the snow. Moir held on to  his axe and kept trying* to work clear  of his pack. The bear first bit Moir  on top of the head making several  bad scalp wounds. He then crunched his left arm at the elbow, and finally  bit his left leg badly from the thigh to  the ankle  Moir all this time kept fighting and  once choked the bear off by a grip on  his throat. He finally got free of his  pack and with a few well directed blows"  of his axe succeeded in dispatching the  bear. Turning to look for the other  bear, who   had   watched the struggle  with apparent unconcern, Moir annul \ the'level of the. country, but sufficiently  that he had g*one.   He estimates  that   high for a reasonable dump.   The com-  Sol Cameron's  are moving earth at a lively pace on  Smelter hill and getting the ground in  good shape for the construction of the  roast kilns, says the Trail News. Mr.  Cameron will burn and lay over two  million bricks, which will "go into the  construction of the 48 roast kilns and  the two big stacks.  Two options have been signed for  the purchase of the Bruce mine, above  the saw mill. One of them provides for  the expenditure of $30,000 in development work, in consideration of which  the purchasers are to have 52 per cent,  of the stock. The second option puts  the price of the mine at $80,000, with a  cash payment of 810,000.  There is not a merchant or business  man in Trail but who can conscientiously say that a marked improvement  has come over the state of trade in the  past few we'sks.  AINSWORTH    DIVISION.  The Whitewater Deep on the same  vein as the Whitewater, but lower  down, lias evidences already of an 1S-  inch seam of the very best ore The  company is now preparing to drive a  new 2.000-foot tunnel lower down than  its,present  strike,  which  will   be near  Reports from the Miehipieoten mining*  district say that 14 rich claims were discovered tlie past week, in each of which  there is free gold. They will assay  thousands of dollars to the ton.  The C.P.R officials are making arrangements for a fast express to come  into service about the end of the month,,  which will probably make the trip from  Montreal to Vancouver in 100 hours.  The'Ottawa Government are making  a special effort to bring the session to a  dose about June 1st. "Sir Charles Tup-  per leaves for England on the 28th inst.  Messrs. Blair and Tarte intend going  to Europe, and Mr. Foster will travel  to the coast early in June. Many of  the bills, which, have been engaging the  attention of the public lately, will thus  be left over for three month's.  Mr. Geo. XV. Cline, of Winona, .Out.,  attempted to kill his wife and son, on  Monday last. Cline was at one time a  wealthy fruit-grower and owned 200  acres of fine orchard land, but becoming pecuniarily embarrassed, his property was made over to Mrs. Cline and  their son. Mr. Cline, Sr,, became  angered during an argument with his  wife, because money was refused him,  and drawing a revolver fired twice,  wounding froth his victims, but not  seriously.    He has been arrested.  John Oliver Mowat, late cashier of  the Bank of Hamilton, Owen Sound,  committed suicide on the morning of  May 14th, in the basement of the Bank.  His"body was not discovered until S  o'clock in the evening. Mr. Mowat was  a bachelor and resided at the Seldon  House, opposite the bank. During the  last fe.Av months he has had a couple of  apopletic fits, Avl.ich probably made  him despondent and Aveary of life. Very  little is knoAvn of "him.  lations in Toronto are very  people.  although his re-  prominent  the entire struggle did not last over ten-  minutes.'  W->rn Avith the conflict and blinded  by the blood streaming down his face,  Moir started back for Sproules, binding  his bleeding arm Avith one of his suspenders that the bear had bitten in two.  It took him over six hours to cover the.  three miles, and when about G p.m. he  staggered into the hotel at Sproules  nearly fainting from fatigue and loss of  blood, it was the first intimation that  any one but himself had of his thrilling  experience.  His wounds were dressed, and in a  few days he will be about as'before;.  xkws   or   Yin IK.  pany Avill use a water wheel to secure  full "supply of fresh air in its workings.  PLEASANT    EVENING    STENT.  AKOUXU    N13 L S O N.  FOUIi    MJLIfi    PROPEItTIES.  There is nothing new from Four Mile.  All the properties on this rich creek are  looking better as work progresses.  In addition to the shipments lately  made others Avill follow during the summer. A great amount of prospecting is  going on to find the most promising  points at which to open up the many  claims not yet developed.  The    time Deposit.  Very favorable returns ha*��e been  received from the recent test shipment  of rock from the crystalline lime deposit  across the lake, that was sent to the  Trail smelter. Negotiations are pending for the property and it will very  likely be taken up by the smelter people Avho are Avaiting to learn the character of another like deposit on Arrow  lake.  Thomas Kane, of the Second Relief  mine, says that the Second Relief has25  men working and the force will be increased to bo or 75 men before the middle of tin; summer.  A. M. Boullion of Seattle, Samuel L.  Brisboisof Ymir, and J. M. O'Toole of  Rossland, haAre a force of men at work  on the Bruce, on Bear Creek. They  have a fine ledge eight feet wide running through tlu; entire claiin. Surface  assays give SlO.fiO in gold and copper.  E. Croteau, owner of the Dumas, situated on Wild Horse creek, Avill resume;  Avork on that claim in a few days. Over j  110 feet of tunnel Avork has been done :  on this property and two and a half feet'  of solid ore has been struck which has ;  assayed as high as 870 in gold and silver  to the ton.  One of the most promising properties ;  in the Ymir district is the Bullion group l  consisting of the Bullion, Woodside, Mohawk and Crouch Hill  mineral claims, i  situated about one mile west of Ymir, on :  Quartz creek, and  owned by  the Alf  Gold  Mining company, of   Brantford,  Out.   A shaft has been run 10 feet on a j  lead and another shaft 25 feet on No. 4 i  lead on the Bullion, and they hoav have !  a 2& foot ledge of quartz that runs high  in gold and copper.  A Rossland  Miner  correspondent at  Ymir says:   Toney .Modigh,  manager  of the Salmon River it Porcupine Mining Company,avIio own thcGuttenborg,  creek, has  been  Last   Fridav he  situate on Porcupine  here for several days,  visited the Guttenberg and states that  the property is about clear of snow and  the company Avill put a force of men to  work about the first of June. There  has been considerable mork done on tlu;  Guttenberg and the company is well  pleased with the looks of the property.  The Y'mir Development Company reports the sale of several thousand shares  of Porcupine & Salmon River stock.  The recent rich strike on the Flossie R  has been the main cause of this stock  gaining so much favor Avith thebuyers.  The steel rails for the Tamarac and  Dundee tramways haAre arrived and  were unloaded here last Friday. The  tramway for the Dundee is about completed with the exception of laying- the  rails, which Avill commence at once.  Thomas Kereeme purchased a one-  fourth interest in the Plymouth group  from Temple Seeley. This property was  located by John P. Curtin, Temple  Seeley and Tom Stack about a year ago.  It is situate on Tamarac mountain,close  to the Tamarac mine. There will be  considerable  development  work   done  At the Methodist parsonage Tuesday  evening a large number of friends of  Rev. and Mrs. PoavcII gathered to discuss with the pastor plans for carrying-  on the work of the church in this section the coming year.  Rev. Powell stated that in spile of  the efforts put forth to secure for the  hike two pastors, one for Slocan City  and oik; for New Denver and Silverton,  tlie conference! found it impossible to  make the appointincnis, and that it wa.s  given to him to acl for all tlie lake  towns. This would necessitate hi.s giving up the pulpit in each town everv  othcr Sunday; hut. In; stated,the church  here would not be closed on any Sabbath day, as others would voluntarily  help him in the work. After a thorough  expression of opinion on the question,  Mr. Sandiford moved as a "resolution  that all present .should pledge themselves to enter heartily into the work  Avith the pastor and give him their undivided support.  Refreshments were served and the  evening passed pleasantly iu games and  pleasanlry.  I'ureliHseil    (';il<-nn    Properties.  Frank Hannah, of Trail, has just purchased a half   interest   iu  three galena  properties   in   the   Lardeau.     One   of  these, the Agnes, on Poole creek, about  12 miles from Thompson's Landing, has  a   promising  lead   well   streaked  with  galena,  from   which  assays yield from  200 to40>) ounces in silver, and  from  25  to 4.0 per cent. lead,    (if  the other two  claims, one, the Robin.is on Fish creek,  and the other, the  Iron   Horse,   lies on  Arrow lake.    Besides the  half interest  in the property  bought  by Mr. Hanna,  the remaining half has been secured by  Kelt i. Groo-jin.  The Queen's birthday has brought  ncAv honors to many public men.  Among the favored one are four Canadians", three of whom, Messrs. Pelle-  tier, Edgar and Bourinot, have been  made Knights of the Order of St.  Michael and St. Georffe, and the fourth,  Dr. Parkin, principal of the Upper  Canada College, Toronto, has been  made a Companion of the same distinguished order. There is also a report  current that Premier Greemvay Avill be  knighted also.  Deposits of placer gold have been  found along the Vermillion River, close  to Lake Wahnapitae, in the townships  ofHanmer and Wisner. Tin; district  lies about 25 miles'due north of Sudbury, ami many prospectors have left  for the new field. The Ontario Government has decided, "that no individual  can obtain more than one claim of 40  acres within any onetownship or within  any six miles of the unoraganized territory. Syndicates of individuals cannot  obtain more than two-10-acro claims under the same conditions."  ���"Kit," who for many years has delighted the readers of' the Mail and  Fmpire by her original, witty and  charming pen pictures of scene's here,  there and everywhere,, of people living  and dead, of the city and the eouu-  j try, etc.. is now engaged ;in writing up an entirely new subject for a  woman. Needless to state that her  letters are being looked forward to with  delight by an immense cavalcade of her  admirers'. In fact, ���'Kit" has gone to  the scene of the present Spanish-American Avar. Out of a very large number  of applications she was the only Avoinan  who received  permission logo thither.  It has been ascertained that the  young Canadian. Freeman Haistead,  avIio Avas reported to have been shot by.  the Spaniards of San Juan, while acting  as correspondent for the Ncav York  Herald and the London Graphic, is now  languishing in a Spanish fortress, in  which he has been condemned to be a  prisoner for nine years. A cable from  the British f'onsoJ at San Juan says  that Haistead was arrested for photographing new forts and was tried by  court-martial and sentenced as above  stated. Mr. Haistead conies from near  Burlington. Out . and has been under  the care of Messrs. Freeman Bros., ever  since the death of his parents, in his  early childhood. His friends are now  verv anxious about him. THE LEDGE, NEW DKN VER, B.C., JUNE 2, 1898.  Fifth Yeajb.  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T.  LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  1.25  _.00  fi.OO  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months   Six "         ���   Twelve  "        ...-   Three years   Transient Advertising, -5 cents \>er line first in  sertion, 10 cents i>er line subsequent insertions  non'jareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  C jrrespondence from every part of the Kootcnay  Distriet and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on-both sides of the  jpa]>er if you A-dsh. Always send something- good  uo matter how crude. Got your copy in while it  is hot, and we will do th<j rest.  A pencil cross in this square  indicates that your suhserip-  tion is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look at  your collateral.  ���     ,  THURSDAY, JUNE 2.  1898.  SCKAPS.KKOM.T_IK  EDITOR'S  DKSK.  gion measuring 3,500 miles from east  to west and 1,400 miles from north to  south. '.The, magnificent valley  through which the St. LaAvrence  river flows from the lakes to the  ocean, is now the home, of prosperous,  energetic and intelligent communities, one of which Avas founded nearly three centuries ago. A remarkable system of waterways, consisting  mainly of the Red, Assiniboine and  Saskatchewan rivers, extends through  the plains of the territories as far as  the base of the Rocky Mountains and  fertilises a region whose capabilities  tor the production of roods are probably not surpassed on this continent.  The mountainous country to the north  of Lake Superior is rich in gold, cop^  per, nickel and other valuable minerals, which are already attracting  the attention of enterprise in Europe  and America. The gold mines of  British Columbia are most productive  The most of the relatives of Ananias and the great bulk of the precious  metal still lies buried in the rocks of  that immense Province. The coal  mines of Vancouver island have no  rivals on the Pacific Coast, while  those of Nova Scotia and the Territories are capable of infinite development. The treasure of gold now attracting* capital and people to the  dreary country through which the  Yukon and its tributaries flow now  seems to be inexhaustible, and must  add largely to the population and  wealth of the Dominion, which, year  by year, sees its resources increasing  in extent and value. The fisheries  have long been the envy of the  United States, and the agricultural  production is as great as that of most  favored sections of that country. Its  climate and resources���the best  springs of a nation's energy and  wealth���are those of the northern,  middle and western states/'  A   W.VR   SACRIFICE.  have gone into camp at Key West.  A late despatch from Koskonook  states that no battles have occurred  there this week.  . The pen may be mightier than the  sword, but it is a poor weapon to  tackle a machine gun with.  The Avar Avith the elements is  causing more deaths in the Klondike  army than Spanish bullets are with  the boys who Avear the blue.  ' 'Twenty fathoms deep." The man  who is able to fathom the mystery  surrounding the movements of would-  like-to-be M. P. Ps. floating about the  Slocan.  The population of this Province  will probably double in the next four  years. The mining sections will receive the hulk of this increase and  with the increase of population will  come capital to thoroughly develop  its mineral resources.  Wonder what has become ot that  army of patriots that wiped the floors  of Congress daily with the bruised  and bleeding carcass of Spain prior to  April 21, 1898 ? We haven't heard  of any of them being slain on the  battle field in the volunteer ranks.  Unless the war is brought to a  close soon,; there won't be anything  left in the new world over which the  Spanish flag car, fly. Probably Spain  is saving her honor, hut even that  is a mighty poor quality when she  can't swap it for flour and bacon to  feed her starving natives.  A conference is in progress between plenipotentiaries of Great  Britain, Canada and the United  States, looking to the amicable solution of all vexed questions. Like the  prodigal son, Uncle Sam is surely returning to the parental roof; at least,  he would promise to never, never  again twist the lion's tail to hear him  groAvl.  It is surprising how small things  count up. The exchange on a bank  cheque is 25 cents on a hundred dollars. This is a trifling amount and  as a rule Ave do not notice it, but if  some day Ave get a cheque on Toronto  for a million the exchange would  loom up in a more substantial manner  and Ave could not afford to pay it.  Owing to this we will not accept  cheques of that denomination unless  the exchange is added.  Canada's greatest bank, the Bank  of Montreal, judging from the annual  statement, is in a flourishing condition.    It shows the largest earnings of  any year since 1891; the net profits being $1,265,300,    or    about  $35,000  more    than    the    previous     year.  As   this    bank    does    business   all  over the Dominion its prosperity is a  sure indication of business in Canada.  Its policy is  liberal  and  this great  monetary institution  is   highly   esteemed   in   Kootenay  where   it  has!  several branches, one of which is in!  the Lucerne of America, New Denver.  AVhen fust 1 told my wife that we had better let  him go,  I never seeil on mortal face a look o' keener woe!  Jes'seemed as if her heart'd break, an' in her  eyes there come  A sort o' wild, appealhi' stare that seemed to  strike nie dumb,  An' when at hist she swallowed down the choke  so's she could talk  She said she guessed she never had jes"  sich a  suddent shock,  But she would leave it all to me, an' if I thought  it Lest  To let him so she'd try to bear the burden in her  breast. ���  I told her at a time like this when war was in  , the land  That  everybody  in  their way should  lend  a  helpin' hand.  An' since the Guv'mcnt had need o' Jack we'd  ort to do  Our share in the emergency hy lettin' of him go.  t knowed it would be lonesome 'round the ranch  when he was gone,'  We'd miss his voice in mornin' song- at risin' time  at dawn,  We'd miss his old familiar step a ploddin' 'round  the place,  An' miss, perhaps,' the most of all his earnest,  honest face.  We talked about our Jack that night, my wife's  eyes full o' tears, ���  An'niea chokin'in the throat like I'd not done  fur years.  Gurl jes* want to tell you. parti, it's mighty  tough to.part,.  Perhaps lo meet no more, with one that s nested  in your heart, ,.,-���.  But Jack is elimbiii'iip in years, although yet  big an'strong,  An* we decided in the end we mightn't, have him  lout?, ,  An'as the agent olVered us a price that wasn t  ���oav. ,  We  both concluded it. was best to let   the ol'  mule go.  ���Denver Post.  AN    IMPORTANT    RESOLUTION.  ��� Hli tiTiMilifcli TT_�� TI-T-TI  i  aiiko  ortraal  Last week Spain was in high glee  because Admiral Cervera had managed to give the American squadrons  the slip and had his warships safe, in  the harbor at Santiago de Cuba,  where the enemy could not reach  them. It now develops that that is  just what Admiral Sampson Avants.  With three of his big boats he can  keep the Spanish fleet bottled up,  while the rest of his fleet is doing  service elsewhere along the Cuban  coast. But it's all right. Spain is  only fighting for honor, and she  gauges her success by the amount of  gore that is spilled.  QUIXii   EIGHT.  A correspondent in England has  the following letter in a London paper:  Permit me to observe that the home  investor does not seem to be aware ot  the potentialities of the silver mines  in British Columbia.     Next to Klon-  dyke, the Rossland district only has  attracted attention,   and the English  companies promoted, with one or two  prominent exceptions,   have confined  their operations to the reputed gold  camps.    It may be heresy to talk  hopefully ot silver, yet I believe that  the richest properties in the Province  are in the  Slocan,   where a friend  writes me the proportion of profitable  properties is fifteen  or twenty to one  in Rossland.    The Galena fiasco may  have prejudiced the public here, but  years   back   American    prospectors  recognised the value of quartz min  ing and the immense silver-lead deposits, and where the British mining  speculator or promoter now fears to  tread our Yankee cousin is enjoying  a real good thing.     Compare a gold  mine yielding, say, $30 to the ton, or  ��6, with a galena proposition regularly returning from 60 oz. to 100 oz.  of silver and up to 50 and 60 per cent,  of good lead, besides copper possibly.  Is that a contemptible average where  the  cost  of   working   is relatively  small ?    With bar silver below 2s.  per oz. standard, surely there is more  money in one ton of silver-lead ore  than in four tons of low grade gold-  bearing stuff; and  I know of many  reliable men  who   on   that account  prefer the Slocan to Trail Creek."  At the first meeting of the New Denver Campaign Political Club the following resolution setting forth the objects of  New Denver's citizens was passed:  Whereas, As it is necescary that the  towns on this side of the Slocan Divide  should act in combination, to protect  and advance their interests, therefore  the citizens of Xew Denver pledge themselves not only to work for their own  interests in the approaching election,  but]to work equally hard to promote the  legitimate,interests of the sister towns of  Silverton, Slocan City, Sandon, Three  Forks, Eosebery, Aylwin and all other  towns in the Slocan and Slocan City  Mining Divisions.  Aftet a general discussion of the needs  and interests of the Slocan by Mr.  Fauquier, Mr. Hunter, of Silverton, and  Mr. Kerr,  it Avas moved by  Mr. Kerr:  Whereas a Gold Commissioner has  just been appointed for the Slocan and  Slocan City Mining Divisions, and  whereas, it has always been the custom  to make each gold commissioner a stipendiary magistrate, assistant commissioner of land and Avorks, government  agent and county court registrar, and  Whereas, it is of "particular importance  that the Gold Commissioner of this district should have all those offices, therefore this meeting calls upon the government to confer the above ofnees on the  Gold Commissioner of this district without delay.  This motion was backed up by another  requesting the chairman and secretary  to sign and forward to the proper official  in Victoria a copy of the resolution.  tlVELV   TIMES   IN   DAWSON.  la  Established  1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :   :     896,850.04  HEAD   OFFICE,   MONTREAL.  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona and Mount Rostal, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches io. all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  F. J. FINUCANE, Manager;  CANADA    GETS    NO    CHANCE.  After all is said and done is this  country as corrupt as it is supposed to  he ?  Politicians may slander the country  by their habit of assuming that honesty  will not pay.  Public opinion speaks to politicians  largely through individuals and the tendency of the politicians in office is to  strive to please the individuals who exert  influence and the corporations Avhich put  up campaign funds.  Benefit to the country is riot always  an incident in the schemes which are  furthered by a premier and his advisers  who intend to strengten their Government. Politicians are prone to magnify  the value of the smooth man Avho can  manage individuals by his "slickness"  and to belittle the value of the strong  man Avho can manage public opinions by  his strength.  Bad as the country may be it is entitled to have in its lifetime one set of  rulers who will assum that it is honest,  until it proves itself dishonest, and if a  Government which will stand by the  people is ever sealed in Ottawa, the people ought not to be condemned until  after they have' failed to stand by that  Government.���Toronto Telegram.  WANTED, Teachers and other blight men  lor vacation or permanently to solicit for  "Canada: An Encyclopedia nf the Country," in  live royal quarto volumes. No delivering; commission paid weekly.  THE LIN-SCOTT PUBLISHING CO.,      Toil ONTO.  All along tbe line���the clothespins.  These are lively times in Dawson, the  closing of the mines and the arrival of a  quantity of American mail has brought  hundreds !of men from the gulches and  the streets by day and the saloons by  night are densely crowded. There is  but one dance hall open and the miners  crowd into it in such numbers thnt it is  almost impossible for one to elbow his  Avay through the crowd. Tammany hall,  the rival dance hall, Was closed two  weeks ago because the supply of whisky  was exhausted. Several saloons have  lately been forced to take the same step  and there are now only four saloons running. The others are patiently awaiting  the arrival of a fresh supply of liquor.  Men with dog teams are arriving daily  over the ice from Skagway and Dyea.  Four separate dog teams came in yesterday and there were one or two each on  the preceding days. The men report the  trail to be in bad condition between the  Pelly and Stewart, rivers. One party  brought in a roated turkey that had b��en  cooked and frozen in Seattle. The  turkey was raffled off in the Pioneer  salooon, there being 75 chances at $2  each. The owner of the turkey realized  $140 net for the venture. ,  A   FATHER'S   SORROW.  THE    WAKAKIJSA    BAND.  Never was a father's sorrow so touch-  ingly expressed at the waywardness of  his hoy than in the words of Michael  NultjMii bidding* his son Tom good-bye  in the Jolliette prison,a feAV days before  his execution, May 20, for the Rawdon  murder: "f kiss for your mother and  for your sisters," he said. "They are  unable to come to see you and iii their  name I hid you good-bye. Your father  never Avill see you alive again. Remember all the advice 1 have given  you. Think of God and give up your  life to him who calls for.it. Say your  prayers every day and don't be frightened of hell.    You art; buying-back" vour  CANADA     HOLDS    HER    OWN.  Despite all the powerful influences  that have fought against Canada she  has held her own in America. Speaking of her progress, Dr. J. G. Bouri-  not, in The Forum, says: "At present  a population of" 5,000,000, against  1,000.000 in 1810,   with  a total trade  soul.    .May God  pardon you as i have  j already pardoned you."   All this time    j Tom had been kneeling at his father's  You talk about your Brooks' band, and Sousaat ! f('('fc> pressing* his hands and asking partus best��� i don.    The death-watch  avIio  was pre-  An'Tbomas' big orchestry, an'   Boyer an' the | Slsnt all .the time,   broke   down   utterly  Tlieir1U'hif:iliitiii' music,  I   suppose,   is   good] ��"d could not repress his tears.  enough :    For city folks, who educate on operatic stuff;       J   Uncle  Mose���Dat swelled   laic come  d  around  nill an'throb, j mules now.  ^'itl\XndlyiU1'1,U,Si('thilt a i;hil(U'!U' U'',lei''i     Uncle Mose���No,   sah;   he's   got  You might to hear a concert by the Wakarusa j bettah   job   test.in'   armoh   plate   i'oh de  band. i gov'ment. ���  r or ciiv louts, who I'uucaie on o|)i;r;iuc stun ; |       unci-    iWOse���J JUL   S\\ eiietl    lai"   C  Bur. when you want to reach the heart an'make | _rom __jc__in�� mah SOn Jim on de Sail  IL 1.1-1.���, 11 1111   SOI't ���        -w- -t -r ��� ���    j,   f      i ���    ���  An' be in  touch I with nature like, an' make it I     Jones���1 .guess Jim ain t foohn' aro  When the bullets of adversity  are flying thick and fast  about you, it is time for  calmness and hard thinking-.  Dodging about would be  dangerous. So it is with  buying when money is scarce  and hard to get. You want  good goods, no matter how  thin the purse may be; and  you caii always get the best  for your money from your  home merchant. We want  to prove this to you in the  furniture business.     Try us.  WALKER <5_ BAKER  Furniture Dealers,  Undertakers and Embalmers.  Tp    G. FAUQUIER,  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp, B.C.  C. S. RASHDALI,.  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MIXING INTERESTS BOUGHT,  SOLD  and BONDED.   INVITED-���  Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing,  H. T. BRAGDON,  tvum* ���WMwna  New Denver, B.C,  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Aline and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,   , .  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of the largest  and best' assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Kootenay,  and shall be pleased to quote  prices upon anything required  n my line.  OTEL SANDON,  7f\    7r\   ^K   ^K    7ft    ?ft  Sandon, B.C.  HTHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to aceommodate a large  number of Guests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor*.  The Clifton House,  Sandon. _A  Has ample accommodations for a large number of i>eople.    The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckle}', Prop.  ��/&/'��/'FO--/fl|/Q/Q  Choice Groceries & Provisions  HAM & CRAWFORD,  SIXTH STREET,   -  -   -   -  -  -  NEW DENVER.  ^��-Prices are right and Goods Always Fresh.  G  WILLLM & .IOHNSON.  (McGill)  Mining Engineers  <& Analy-Chemists.  Slocan  Citv.  1* (1  er  HOTELiS OF KOOTEJSiAY  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Porks, E. C. Weaver  They ainjt^up on   concertos   an*   cadtatas an'       Annanias was sitting on   tlie banks of  But youcaYr-i beat 'em grindin'out a quickstep I the Styx*    The Stygian   Climate is tropi-  on the pike ;��� leal,  and  though  Ananias was wrapped  A"' *��lth<-.-i r-nV0^. Xe"l(J Grny'" !U1'I only in his thoughts, he felt the heat.  . >\   iltlrtl MIC   1J-IINI0S   'J*IO\V, i   tt ((     ���      r    * 1*1 p it, nil  of $250.00!) 000,   -K'-ainst   $*V) 000 000! M-V memory goes slidin' back to the long, Iohr   "e was     sighing  like a furnace."    Ihe  .    ,,,,,-.        ,     ��� , .       , '       ' ����������>��� !   scalding tears," as he wept,  peeled the  in lb-Id, and with a national revenue   An'music that'll work like that an' strike your i sk-n from his nose where  thev trickled  Of nearly   $.O,0-'.XJ,0'J0,   ajraillSt *?700,-; An' f|.����d' vou luli<��r memories ;.-in'all your  post i <lown.  .,   ,i, ,,.;,,;, ,,    f unroll- j     "1 am onlv an old has-heen, now,"  he  a   nonunion ot   ���* i,iU kinti ��( music pi.-u-in' tills its highest mis- | sniffled.    "I'm out of it, but it's not my  Wakarusa i hiult.    I've had my day,  I guess,  but I  hioii. an'  .'hat's why I  like to  listen to   tin.  bund.  000 in 1810, inhabit-  seven regularly organized Provinces,  and of an immense territory, now in \  course of development, stretching i  from Manitoba and Ontario to British j  Columbia, whose shores are washed j  by the Pacific ocean.    Tins-dominion i  em 1 traces ail area of 3,010,000 Square j i wouldn't give a picayune for all their classic  I saw the. great director in Chicago at the Fair.  With all their line musiciauers anuihilatii'' air;  A drum 'd bang a horn 'd blat, a clarinet 'n  shriek  j didn't have any such chance as that,  He had been reading the  special war  despatches from Key West.  The Father���Here, you  sir, stop hug-  A"' teaiMne'slcak1 ���''inUSk''Si'y' 'V��U OU"ht t0   inS UP my daughter 'in   that shameless  I waul the kind of mti'.c that'll  melt into the  miles,  inclndinir its water surface, ori Let e^u-ated  very I it'le less  than   the  area of the '��� l-r,,,,mi  (jniled Staii-s   with   Alaska,   or a re-  crilics gulp it down  and  call it  Hut I'll just sit and listen  to the Wakarusa band.  ���Dave Florence.  manner.  The Lover���Huh, when did you get to  be press censor?  Sport���Why  don't the  prize  fighters  form a union ?  Oldtimer���They never strike.  Assayers of B. G.  [-pWAED WEST,  Assoc. I? S M, London, Hug  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties  examined   and   reported on  for in  tending-purchasers.  Assay office and Chemical Lahoratory, Belle-  vue ave. New Denver, B C.  Travelers  Will (ind the  Arlington Hotel  a pleasant place to stop at when in  Slocan City.  GETHING- & HENDERSON, Proprietors.  108 Bishopsgate St.  [within]  call  on or  The  British ,LT0N:ENG-  isubscription, $2.-0 per annum  LOIUDIDI-It"    Brokers,    Mining  I_ngineers, owners of  ��"_ _ _��� ___,_ Mining claims, Mln-  If rVlrW   Ul��  Engineers, Assayers,  I\L/ T IV/ YV    Journalists and others:���  Advertise in the   15.   C. Keview,    The  only   representative    II.    C.   Journal   in  isuropo.     A Good investment  MM0  DR. MILLOY,  W.F.Teetzei & Co,  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  \V. S. Il'.'EWKY  Knslo,_5.C.  H. T. Twigg  New Denver, B.C.  DREWRY& TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil Code.  ��_TRashdall & Fauquier, Agents.  D  R. A.S. MARS  DRUGGISTS. Nelson. B.C.  A,.  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  ��� '   Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago  DENTIST  WAMED Young men and woman, or oldei  ones if still voting in spirit, oi* undoubted character, good" talkers, ambitious and industrious,  can find employment in a good cause, whh S40  lier-month and upwards according to ability.  KEV. TVS. LINSCOTT. Toronto.  No politician ever poses as a reformer  while in ottico.  BRICK  FOR   SALE.  JOHN   GOETTSCHE  NEW DENVER.  WANTED  Men and women who can work hard talking ai  writing six hours daily for six days a week, a:  will be content with ten dollars weekly.  Address:  NEW IDEAS CO.. Toronti Fifth Year.  THE LEDttE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JUNE 2, 1898.  THICKER   THAN    WATEK.  We am t the delight o' the nytions, the dawlin'  and pet o'the world ��  They winks when they sees us a-comin', their lips  is saweestie'ly curled,  They 'as the opinyun���it's one as they don't tike  no pines ter corneeal���  As we lights in the 'oliest causes, but mikes ar bit  art o'the deal,  And trusts us, believin' tbev knows jest what  sort o' pertiter we are,  As far as they're ible ter chuck us���tbenks be as  thet -hue isn't far.  it's winkin', an'grinnin', an' jabrin', an' don't  go no further, nor that,  But whichever, the poppiler nytion, it isn't Grite  Britain���that's flat.  barrels, built a cabin and opened a  saloon in form, making a good cleanup  from his contribution box. As long as  the diggings lasted he kept his regular  bar, but always had a keg of whiskey, a  cup and a contribution box on the outside of the cabin to accommodate those  who preferred (this method of indulgence  in the miners' delight."���Denver Republican.  FAULTS. .      I  ON   THE   WAY.  ;'���erect, but we re  then  Dunno 'ow it is, but it is so, and us and the world  don't agree:  P'raps we tikes up ;to much o' the atlas fur one  little speck in the sea,  And sometimes we 'as bin in errer, it's no good a  shirkin' the fact���  An'sometimes when we've bin in errer, it's somebody else'as gort whackt,  /Arrever it is, 'ere we're standid'  standiit' alone,  And knows if we warnt.s a thing done.  we've gort ter do thet on ar own ;  And the wliis-ier   il runs tlirough the nytions,  whenever ar con due' offvnds:  "Grite Britain ?   Git 'a wl-a-brick ready She ain't  gort no friends."  Ko friiids?   It mye be, but we might 'ave. Ther's  .  writtin' as none will efface,  Timer's a tic as iio folly can loosen, the tie between men o' one race,  The orders as Nychur'as, written eawn't never  be rubbed art agine,  And the pawst, with its blunders an' bloodshed,  sau-s 'ard at that tie, hut in vine,  And nar, when the sky's elardin' over, the sarnd  o' (lie battle is near,  The voice of ar race stawts a spcakin', the 'int as  il offers Is clear ;  "Friend i.loiiatlian-���s'posin' you -wonits  us���ro-  ineinber we're 'ere."  ���London Chronicle.  UOMANOK    OF    GOLD    DIGGINGS.  An old prospector tells tlie story of  the first days of mining in Idaho which  sounds like a romance, but which he  vouches for as being strictly true, and  which agrees with the story frequently  told by the late Judge Craig, of Douglas  County, who was one of the party tha.  staked off the first claims in Idaho.  "The first find of placer gold in Idaho,"  said the old pioneer, "was made early in  1S72 by Jim Warren, a prospector, who  put in the time when not engaged in  the held in pabonizing the gaming  table. A little camp had heen established at Florence, but the diggings  were poor and there was so little to bo  made that tlie men drifted away in  little squads to find better pay. Warren  and four others started out together, but  soon afterwards a disagreement arose and  Warren left the party to go it alone.  After two or three days he camped one  evening on tlie stream now known as  [/'��. Warren creek, and there being vm-y fair  indications, the next day was spent in  prospecting.  Panning seven pans of dirt  he saved  the proceeds, and   taking samples of the  quartz  went   back  to   Florence, where  the gold was weighed and found to  be  worth  70 ;cents, or 10 cents to the pan.  This  was not a big thing  in those days,  but   led   to the   expectations of better  strikes and an expedition of 16 men was  formed to investigate the new find.   On  their way to  Warren creek  they came  across Warren's four companions from  ���   whom he had parted several days previously.    They were "tin-horns" and poor  prospectors, and had been unsuccessful.  Seeing Warren with the crowd they concluded that he had made a good strike  and   followed   him.     Warren   and   his  friends,  not caring  to share the discovery with the men,   resorted to a ruse to  throw   them   off   the scent,  and spent  several days on Secesh creek,   so called  from the  war of   secession,  which  had  been recently heard of.   The four gamblers, being* nearly out of provisions, were  frozen out and compelled to return  to  Florence.   The expedition  then staked  out the Warren meadows for themselves  and their friends.    Eight men were sent  back to Florence for  provisions  the rest  remaining to   work  the  claims.    While  the eight men were gone some of those  who remained discovered better diggings  at Summit Flat,  obtaining from.two  to  four dollars to the pan.  The claims of AVarren meadows were  abandoned, and new claims staked out  on the new field. When the men return-  i:l from Florence with the provisions  they were followed by about GOO miners,  who suspected that rich dirt had been  found, and they swarmed along AVarren  creek and. its" tributaries, making rich  finds everyhere. The original locators  were extremely fortunate in the Summit  Flat diggings. Two men named JBesse  and Osgood worked together, and rocked  out 100 ounces together the next afternoon. The assay office had just been  established at Boise, and these 140  ounces of dust were the first receipts of  the office.  The gold was found to be worth .-plan ounce, the net returns of the two  men for a day and a half being $1,960.  In three weeks that part of 16 men had  taken out of their claims on Summit  Flat 30,000 ouuees of gold. Before the  ���close of the season 100,000 ounces were  taken out, and the original members bf  the expedition had enough money to  keep them comfortable for life. About  as much more was taken out during the  next season before the bar was entirely  exhausted.  The, honesty of the miners in   those  pioneer days was illustrated by an  incident  which occurred during tlie stampede from  Florence.    In  the crowd of  600 that followed the eight men  sent to  Florence after the provfsions was a man  nicknamed "Boston,"  of a  thrifty turn,  who brought two barrels of whiskey and  a wagon hauled by a pair of mules,   his  knowledge   of   the   average    prospector  leading him to  the conclusion   that the  crowd" limited  to water as  a  beverage  would   soon   begin  to  suffer from  the  pangs of thirst.   "On tlie  way to tlie diggings one   Vandeventer  offered   him  a  handsome advance on  the  first cost  of  the whiskey, and the offer being accepted the whiskey was turned over to Vandeventer,  who set the   barrels  on end  under a tree,  took out the heads, hung  a tin  dipper on the side of each barrel,  fixed a contribution box   up against the  tree,  with  a slot in  the closed lid,   and  went on with the crowd, leaving the improvised   saloon  to take   care of itself.  The  miners  passing to  and  fro   would  take a drink,  drop a contribution into  the box and pass on.  Sometimes several  drinks would be  taken  without a resort  to  the   buckskin,   but in  the end  the  drinks were well paid for, nuggets worth  a dollar or more  being  frequently dropped in for a single drink.    Strange  as it  may seem there was no excessive indulgence at the barrels, and  no one meddled  with  the   contribution   box, and before  the   close   of  the   season Van's barrels  formedone of the landmarks of the country.    Vandeventer   pulled out a handsome sum  from  his  mining claim, and  Everybody eats, drinks, breathes and  sleeps, and everybody who has the due  allowance of legs and feet walks. Yet  not one person in a hundred does either  of these things properly.   That is the  verdict of a writer in a French scientific  publication, La Vie Scientifique. He  tells wherein people err in these important particulars, and gives instructions as  to how the errors should be corrected.  As to sleeping his specifications apply  more to France and the continent of  Europe generally than to this country.  In this country few beds are enclosed in  the absurd heavy curtains which are so  common in France���curtains which cut  off the supply of oxygen.  It has long been axiomatic in this  country that bedroom windows should  be open at night, that the bed should be  without curtains anil in the middle of  the room and that the room in the 'daytime should be exposed to all the sunlight possible. And these axioms are  what La Vie Scientifique points out  most impressively to its readers.  As to walking tlie errors are confined  to no particular nation.    People of all  countries   walk  badly,   and their chief  mistake is in  regard   to   the  centre of  gravity of body.   It should be kept as  nearly as  possible, in locomotion, at an  even  distance from   the ground.   Most  people wabble, lurch or hop in. their gait,  thus   alternately raising,  lowering and  throwing first to one  side and then   the  other  the  gravity centre.    This greatly  increases the fatigue of  walking, an unnecessary fatigue,   which   is accurately}  represented by the weight of the body  multiplied by  the sum  of tlie distance  that the  centre   of  gravity  is  swerved  either from  the horizontal" or  uselessly  lifted and lowered on the perpendicular  line.  Furthermore, care should be taken  not to walk on either the toes, the heels  or the side of the feet.    The foot should  be placed   flat   on  the ground and  the  knee, ankle   and   hip   joints should  be  moved evenly and each  assigned to its  just allowance, and no more of the work.  As to eating*, drinking  and breathing,  the   common   errors are generally well  known   and  as generally  prevalent as  th<w are well known.   Every bod}' knows  that it is bad  to drink   iced   liquids in  great gulps, just as everybody knows it  is bad  to   gobble   food   without  proper  mastification.    Iced drinks swallowed in  gulps do not quench  thirst; food bolted  without being chewed does not nourish  the body.    Both   breed   dpspepsia   and  other ill's.    And in the same way breathing tlirough   the   mouth   instead of the  nose leads to annoying and often deadly  bronchial ailments.  It's a-comin'���sure as fate!  Little towheads at the gate  Raady now fer diggin' bait.  It's a eoniin': east air west  Hills lhat in the snow wuz dressed  Wearin' bouquets on their breast.  It's a comin'.   I kin see  In the blizzard-blighted tree  Blossoms peepin' out at me.  In the rills that run a race  Fish kin skacely keep their place���  Playin' leapfrog 'lore my face !  An' the sweet birds���still so long.  Hear the springtime's silver goiig  An' air primpin' up fer song.  Comin ���comin'���shore as fate !  Tell them towheads at the gate  Fill the oyster can with bait !  ���Frank Stanton.  FU-V   AND    ___SCK__r,AXJ_Y.  The    Debt    of   Cuba.  At the end of the year 1897 the debt of  Cuba was $522,020,2000, and the capacity  of the island to raise revenue is limited  to $35,000,000 or $40,000,000 a year. The  debt appears to have been chiefly created  in the last 20 years, the total debt in  1809 having been only $20,000,000. Since  1806 tlie increase of the debt has been  abnormal and ought to have created  alarm. I.ecently the question has been  in Cuba, by whom ought this debt be  paid ?  Senor Moret expressed the opinion  that Spain ought to pay part of it; some  Spaniards thought'that Spain, in whose  cause the debt had been contracted,  ought to pay the whole. What will happen, if, as is probable, Spain, by the  fortune of war, should lose the island ?  AVho will then pay the debt? Or will  it be repudiated? "In 1873, the Spanish  minister, de Ultramar, decided that the  debt of Cuba ought to be diminished,and  in that year, by him, a reduction of  $7,380,-66 was made. Every year since  1873 has seen a deficit.  The American government,under Polk  offered $100,000,000 for the island, and  $120,000,000 was the limit which lie was  willing to give. Spain refused to sell  then, as she would now. Persons who  have recently raised the question of a  purchase, as the alternative of war, have  not named a higher sum than $200,000,-  000, not much more than one-third the  amount of the debt. If Spain be ousted  from the island, she may be unable to  pay the debt; and the question is whether its nev, masters will be willing or able  to pay. It is a poor lookout for Cuban  creditors.  Moral   Effect   of   the   War.  "I am true blue,"she murmured, nestling upon his bosom.  He softly sighed.  "Is she true pink?" he asked himself,  gazing raptly into her complexion.  Chilkoot Cal���I. broke my knife trying  to get a drink.  Dawson Dan���You ought not to try to  pull corks with a pocketknife.  Chilkoot Cal���Pulling corks, nothing, I  was chipping off a piece of whiskey.  Light-Minded Young Thing (in bathing suit)���Surely Aunt Margaret you are  not going to wear your spectacles" in the  water?  Aunt Margaret���Indeed I am. Nothing shall induce me to take off another  thing.  -%. .  The inventor of a kind of suspenders  that won't wear out is assured of the  blessings of all mankind.  "How, my son," began the father, the  next morning.  "Never mind the lecture, pop; didn't  you ever paint the town?"    '  "Well, my boy, it's a. great many years  ago; at least fifty." ,  "Fifty years, pop! Don't you think  the town needed another coat?"  EDUCATION.  \TOTICE is hereby given that the annual exarn-  iX    mation of candidates for certificates of qual-  llic-tion to teach in the Public. Schools of the  Province will be held as follows, eonimeneiiie- on  Monday, July ���'th, 1808, at 8:45 a. in.:���  Victoria...... In South Park School Building.  Vancouver ..In High School Building.  Kamloops .. .In Public School Building.  Each applicant must  forward a notice, thirty  days before the examination, stating the class  and grade of certilicate for which he will be a  candidate, the optional subjects selected and at  which of the above-named places be will attend.  Evekv notice of intention to be an applicant  must  be  accompanied with   satisfactory  testimonial of moral character.  Candidates are notiiied that all of the above requirements must lie fulfilled before their applications can be filed.  All candidates for First Class, Grade A.eer-  tiiicatas. including Graduates, must attend in  Victoria to take the subjects prescribed for July  Kith and llth instants, and undergo required oral  examination.  S. D. POPE;  Superintendent of Education.  Education Office.  Victoria, May ltb, ]��!_.  qawadian  Pacific  r  AND SOO-PACIFIC LINE.  TO ALL   EASTEKK   AND  EUROPEAN POINTS.  TO PACIFIC COAST.  JAPAN,   CHINA   AND  AUSTRALIA.  TO THE lilCH and ACTIVE  MIXING MSTIilCTS OF  DAILY TO ST. PAUL.  A Vermont contemporary says: "The  street sprinkler has started and looks as  gay as a young girl in yellow paint with  black stripes on the ribs." But why do  the gay Vermont girls hare black striper  on their ribs?  Mamma���You and your little visitor  are doing nothing but sitting around  booking miserable. Whydon't you play  at something?  Little daughter���AVe is playin'.  Mamma���Playing what?  Little Daughter���AVe is playin'that we  is growed up.  've  MELBOUHKK'S   lUCr.    DAYS.  Charles Short, writing of Melbourne  during the gold fever, in the Pall Mall  Magazine says:  Gold threatened  to   become as  common as silver  in  the days  of Solomon.  In one year ,��12,600,000  in   eight years  ��05,000,000,   were  won.    Some  men  at  Golden   Point made as  much  as  ��400  a   day.     Another    exceptionally lucky  party unearthed   34   pounds  of gold in  one day.    No  wonder that such   "pockets"   were   termed   "jewelers' shops!"  Occassionally   a  nugget  worth   ��10,000  was unearthed.   The lesult of this sudden  influx of wealth   almost   without  labor,  and  with  risks which are infinitesimal as compared  to Klondike, was  the temporary   demoralization   of   the  population.    Melbourne,   in   tlie height  of the gold fever, has been  described by  one who knew it well as   "a fevered,  drunken, delirious Pandenonium."   The  lucky ones���and there were thousands  of theui .-squandered  their riches in the  most reckless   fashion.   Some of their  fantastic tricks would scarcely be credited were they not attested by witnesses  still living.   The game of ninepins,  we  are told,   was   played   with bottles of  champagne,   for  which   he  who  broke  least had to pay;   dozens  of the  same  costly wine were emptied into tubs, and  druuk from tin  pannikins,   spirits  and  beer being added to give "body" to the  beverage,   one   man,    in   imitation   of  Caligula,  shoed his   hoise   with gold;  sandwiches made of banknotes were devoured; silver wrapped up in banknotes  was thrown to popular" actresses instead  of flowers���in fact, money was so plentiful that the   reckless  diggers could not  "knock   it  down"   fast enough.   They  thought they only had to dig a few feet  in the earth to get plenty more, and for  a time it almost seemed as if this were  so.   Such were some of the characteristics of Victoria's hot youth.  The latest novelties in Millinery and  Dress Goods, etc., just received at Mrs.  Merkley's.  When    to    .Slop   Advertising.  AVhen the  population ceases  to multiply and  the  generations  that   crowd  on after you and never heard of you stop  i coming on.  When you have convinced everybody  whose life, will touch youts thai you  have much better goods and lower  prices than they can get anywhere else.  AVhen you perceive it to be the rule  that men who never advertise are outstripping their neighbors in the same line  of business.  AVhen men stop making fortunes right  in your sight solely through the direct  use" of the might agent.  When you can forget the words of the  shrewdest and most successful business  men concerning the main cause of then-  prosper ity.  AVhen every man has become so thoroughly a creature of habit that he will  certainly buy this year where he bought  last year.  AVhen younger and fresher houses in  your line cease starting up and using the  newspapers in telling the people how  much better they can' do for them than  you can.  When you would rather have your  own way and fail than take advice and  win.  AVhen nobody else thinks it pays to  advertise.  Two ladies were talking in an avenue  car.  "This war is perfectly dreadful," said  one.  "Indeed it is," said the other.  "Couldn't be worse."  "Yes, it would be worse if the Spaniards were treating us as we are treating  them."  "Of course; I don't mean that. I  mean in its moral effect."  "I hadn't noticed that particularly."  "I didn't till yesterday."  "In what way?"  "On my husband."  "He doesn't want to enlist, does he?"  "Oh, no, I don't mean that. It is on  him and my little boy, too."  "Not on that innocent child?"  "Yes. You know the little fellow has  been marching around at a great rate  with liis tin sword and gun, and yesterday afternoon he informed me, to my  horror, that   he   was going to fight the  d n Spaniards.    Think  of  that,  will  you?   And he a prize Sunday   school  scholar."  "Horrible!"  "Yes, and when his father came home  I told him about it aiid insisted that he  take Willie and give him a good whipping for swearing,and what do you think  he did?"  "Told you to do it yourself, as my husband always does."  "No, he didn't, either. He told me  that under the circumstances it was not  swearing, and that the boy could say  what he pleased about the d n Spaniards. And he's a member of the church  himself."   The largest city in the world is London, lying in four counties and having a  population of 4,520,000, equalling the  combined populations of Paris, Berlin,  St. Petersburg and Koine. To walk  through all the streets, avenues, lanes  and alleys of the city would require a  10-rnile walk every day for nine years.  The streets placed in a row would reach  round the world and leave a remnant,  that would stretch from London to San  Francisco.         For cold and sudden chills heat a number of large thick newspapers as hot as  possible over the stove, in the oven, or  wherever it is possible to get them very  hot without catching fire; fold thick to  hold the heat, than place at the back, on  the sides, or over the extremities of the.  patient, changing as the heat is lost.  They will relieve pain and are much  better than wet cloths to promote sweating.  given up going to war as a  nurse," remarked one Denver maid to  another,"and I wouldn't care very much  if this country got whipped."  *'AVhy, Angelica, what can be the matter?"  "Didn't you see in the paper that the  nurses must be under 25 years of age?"  "Yes, but what of it?"  "Do you suppose I am going to tell  them how old I am?   Not much!"  The young woman you are engaged to  is very fascinating I understand?  Fascinating? 1 had to stand inline  sevenjhours to get a chance to propose to  her.  Gents' Furnishings, Ladies' and Children's Boots and Shoes are selling at cost  at Mrs. Merkley's.  It is a wise man that doesn't repeat  his own wisdom.  PROVINCIAL SECRETARY'S OFFICE.  20th Slay, 1808.  KIS HONOUR the Lieutenant-Governor has  been pleased to appoint Ihe undermentioned  persons to be Collectors of Votes, under the provisions of section 1�� of tlie "Redistribution Act,  lfiOS," namely:  John D. SiiutAi.n. of Revelstoke, for the Revelstoke Riding. West Kootenay Electoral District.  Ai,exani)ei* Lucas, of Kaslo. for the Slocan  Riding, West Kootenay Electoral District.  Rodekick F. T01..MIK, of Nelson, for the Nelson Riding, West Kootenay Electoral District.  John Knncui', b( Rossland. for (he Rossland  Riding, West Kootenay Electoral District.  And His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor has  been pleased to appoint the undermentioned person to be a Distributing Collector, under the provisions of section 17 of the said Act, namely:���  In the former Electoral District of West Kootenay, CxKoiifiE A. McFAlil.AND. of Nelson.  SHORTEST  AND  QUICKEST  ROUTE  Klondike  andthe Yukon,  Close connections and no trouble.  Through tickets issued and Baggage cheeked  to destination.  NEW  TOURIST nArTV,  O A  _5 DAIL1   {EX-KPT TUKSPAY)  O A K TO E A STERN C A NA DI AN  SERVICE A*n U.S. POINTS.  Train leaves New Denver Canyon Siding daily  atSM.'i a. in. Train arrives at New Denver  Canyon Siding at :i-M p m.  Boat connection dailv .("except Sunday; via  Rosehery: Leaves New Denwr at 8.3-'a. ni;  arrives at Now Denver at 1 p. in.  Ascertain   present   REDUCED   RATES  and lull  information   by   addressing   nearest  local agent or���  G. B. GARRETT, Agent New Denver.  AV. F. Anderson, Trav.  Pass. Agt., Nelson.  E. J. Coyle, Di-t. Pass. Agt., Vancouver.  __r-_.ll sensible people travel via C. P. Ryand  Soo line.  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  & TRADING CO.,   LTD.  Time Card effective May 1(1, 1808.  Subject to change without notice.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Apex    Mineral    Claim.  New  Spring"  Goods,  Latest novelties  in Dress Goods for  Spring* and Summer wear; ready-  made Clothing,  Neck-wear, Hats,  and Caps, Boots  and Shoes ��� the  most complete stock in the lake section���at prices as low as it is possible  to make them. We invite your inspection. Look into our show- ivindow.  Ave are displaying* a fine line of  novelties.  McLachlan & McKay,  New Denver.  I\[i L. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  Solicitor, Notary Public, Etc.  Sandon, B. C.  NOTICE  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: North  of the Mountain Chief.  T��AKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg, agent  1 lor George W. Hughes. IrfM miner's certificate No. -1.-75. intend, sixty days from the date  hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certilicate of improvements for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the above, claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 2nd day of June, 189S.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  SS. INTERNATIONAL.  Leaves Kaslo at 3.30 a. m. every day except  Sunday, calling at all way points."  Connects ut Five Mile Point with S. F.&N.  train at i',.4f> a. m., arrives at Nelson at 7.30 a. m.  Leaves Nelson at;") p. m., connecting at Five  Mile Point with train from Spokane, arriving at  Kaslo at .3.30 p. m.  Connects at Pilot Bay with ss. Alberta for  Bonner's Ferry and Kootenay River points.  Convention   Fractional   Mineral   Ciaiw.  Lot 2288.  Situate iu the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:    About  1^ miles east of New Denver, and adjoining  the Marion and Clipper mineral claims.  'PAKE NOTICE that I, Robt. E.   Palmer,  as  1    agent for Albert Belme, of New Denver, B.  C,  free  miner's  certificate  No.  81910.   intend,  sixty days from the date hereof to apply to the  Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 19th day of .May, 1898.  r. e: PALMER, P.L.S.  Willa Mineral Claim.  SS. ALBERTA.  Leaves Kaslo on arrival of K. & S. train on  Saturday and Tuesday, at 5.30 p. m., and Thursday at 0 a. m., touching at all wav points. Connects at Bonner's Ferry with Of. N. trains.  Leaves Bonner's Ferry at 2 p.  Wednesday and Friday, arriving  next day.  Clo-e connection  with East Kootenay  via Jennings and Bonner's Ferry.  GEORGE   ALEXANDER, Gen'l Mgr  P. O. Box 122, Kaslo, B.C.  m. on Sunday,  at Kaslo 1 a. m.  points  k  <PWO months after date I intend tomakeappli-  I cation to the Chief Commissioner of Lands  and work, Victoria, B.C., for permission to purchase the following described lands. Commencing at a post planted about .00 feet north of  Kuskanook creek and about eight miles from the  mouth of said creek, in West Kootenay district,  said stake being marked G.L.. N.W. corner.  April 29th, 1898, running 40chains east, thence 40  chains south, thence 10 chains west, thence 40  chains north to point of commencement and containing 100 acres of land more or less.  GEORGE LESTER.  Nakusp, B.C., April 28th, 1898.  Application  for     Tx-ansfer  Xicense.  of     liiquor  tf  OTICE  is hereby given that 30 days from  date I will apply to the Stipendiary Magistrate of West Kootenay, for a transfer of my  license to sell liquor at retail in the St. James'  Hotel, New Denver, to Jacobson & Co.  NESTORIUS ANGRIGNON.  New Denver, B. C, May 5,1898.  11/��/��^/��/��/��/��/��/��/��/��/�� Z��/��/��/��'��'��'��'��'��^  ames  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay district. Where located: Joins  Little Daisy, on Eight M'le creek.  THAKE NOTICE that I, George Ludlow Esta-  1 brooks, as agent for The AVillow Gold Mining  Company, Foreign, free miner's certificate No.  84,882, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of  improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of im provemen ts.  Dated this 18th dav of April, 1S9S.           G.L. EST A BROOKS.  Noonday,    Grey   Eagle   and    Fourth   of  July Mineral Claims.  Situate in the Slocan  Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   On the  east slope of the Valley of Cody Creek, about  three miles from Cody.  T��AKE NOTICE that I, J. H. Gray, acting as  1   agent for Byron N.  White, free miner's certificate No. 74,200, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining 'Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claims.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certilicate of improvements.  Dated this 8th day of September, 1897.  Kaslo Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of AVest  Kootenay District. AVhere located: About  one mile eas'. of Cody on  the south fork of  Carpenter Creek.  TAKE NOTICE that I, W. D. McKay, acting  JL    as agent for D. E. Sprague, free miner's  certificate No. 97531 and John S. Parker, free  miner's certificate No. 77739, intend sixtydays  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certifieare of improvements for the  purpose, of obtain ing o  Crown grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 13th day of .January, istis.  Oro Mineral  Claim.  Situated   in  the Slocan  Mining Division   of  West Kootenay District.     Where located:  About one mile  east  of Cody on  the south  fork of Carpenter ("reck  ''PAKE NOTICE that I.  \V.  D.  McKay, acting  1    as agent for I.). K. Spnigiic, free miner's cer  ficate No. 97531, and John S. Parker, free miner's  certificate No. 77,"3!t, intend sixty days from the  dale hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certilicate of improvements,  for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice, that action under section 37. must he  commenced  before the issuance  of such certilicate of improvements.  Dated this 13th dav of January, 1S9K.  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Ked Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only ail rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek,  and Mineral District of the  Oolvillo Reservation, Nelson,  Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave.  6:20 a.m.  12:05 "  8:30 a.m.  AKRlVE.  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  Close connection with Steamers for  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary  Creek connect, at Marcus with stage daily.  5:35 p.m.  11:20a.m  3:10 p.m  Kaslo and  KASLO& SLOGAN RY  TIME CARD  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Leave S 00  " 8 36  " 9 3fi  " !* 51  '��� 10 03  " 10 IS  ���' 10 38  10 50  A.M.  Arrive, 3 50  "       3 15  P.M  Arr.  15  00  45  33  12  00  Kaslo  South Fork  Sproule's "  Whitewater      "  Bear Lake ';  McGuigan "  Co'tly Junction "  Sandon Leave  CODY   LINE.  Sandon ��� Arrive, 11.15 a.m-  Cody   ���   Leave, 11.25 a.m-  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngr.  GEO. F. COPELAND,  Superintendent  For cheat) railroad and steamship" tickets tc  and from all points, apply to  Agrent, Sandon.  Leave, 11.00 a.m  Arrive, 11.20   "  S.  CAMPBELL,  Brandon, B. C,  Assay Price List  ('old, Silver, or I  j Cold, Silver and  i Cold and Silver   ! Silver and Lead   Clectroly  jcad.eacb   Lead, combined...  Copper {by  ('old, Silver, Copper  Alma Xo. 'i  Mineral Claim.  Spring stock of Huts,  iiiK, CJieffon's and other  Feathers, Veil-  {100(1- for ladies  when cold weather set in returned to his ; just received at Mrs. Merkley's.  New Denver,  Has been re-opened under new management. The Dining Room will  always be up to the market, while  the bar will contain liquors and  cigars that > cannot be  quality and flavor in  Old and new patrons  hotel just like home.  JACOBSON & CO.  surpassed for  the   Slocan.  will find this  Situate in the Slocan Miniui; Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  one mile east of Cody on the south fork of  Carpenter Creek.  fAKE NOTICE that I. W. D. McKay, actinir  J. asairent for D. K. .Sprairue. I fee miner's certificate No. HT.-il, ami John S Purkcr, free  miner's certilicate Nt. T77.'l!��, intend sixtydays  from the date hereof In apply to the Miniiij; Il'e-  corder for a certilicate of improvements for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown yrant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 13th day of .lanuarv, lSiis.  ���51.50  .3 00  _ 00  _ 00  2 00  1 00  2_50  _ 50  3_O0  5-00  2.00  2300  _ 00  ���1 00  I  NOTICE,  date  "-WO MONTHS after  date  1   intend  to make  ipplicatiou   lo purchase  from the Coi'inni.-  sioiier    of   Lands   and    Works   the    following  described parcel of hind,   vi/.:    Mcidiiniii^-  :it  po.-,t planted alonir side S    Walker's northwest  corner post and   running  north   forty   chains,  thence east   eighty   chains, theiioe south lortv  chains,thence west eighty chains to the point o'l  commencement: situated on the Columbia river  narrows, in  the  Kootenay district:   three hundred and twenty acres.  ELLKN Me.DoUCALD.  Nakusp, B. C March ll, istis.  ���is)..  and Lead   i Cold and Copjier   j Silver and Copper   : Gold. Silver and Copper   ; I'latinum   j Mercury    I Iron or Mantcanese   I Lime, Matrnesium, Barium. Silica, Sul-  :        phur, each   ! Bismuth, Tin. Cobalt, Nickel, Antimonv,  |        Zinc, and Arsenic, each ."..  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter. Ash,  and   perccnuifro   of  (.Joke, if Coking-  Terms: '.Cash With Smuplc.  j Jiine20Mi. ism:,.  FRANK DICK,  Assnyer and Analvst  NOT5CE.  CIXTV DAYS after date I. the undersi.--ned, in-  A tend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of  Land.- and "\\ oiks,  Victoria.  B.  C..  for permission to purchase the   following lands, described  y i as beinv" about  seven  miles  from the mouth of  a ' Kuskanook creek, a   stake, bein^  placed  about  j three hundred and fifty  I'ecl  north of creek, and  ; marked, --norrhwest corner.  March the 7,   I8!is*' ;  I riiiininir thence forty chains south, thence forty  chains enst.   thence  forty  chains  north, thence  forty cha ins \vest   to   place of commencement ;  one hundred and sixty acres more or less, situated  in West Kootenav district.  D. .1. DAURArciI.  Nakusp. li. C. March 7. isos. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JUNE 2, 1898.  Fifth Year  MINING   RECORDS  The following is a complete list of the  saining transactions recorded curing the  -reek in the several mining divisions oi  the Slocan. Those of Xew Derive * were  as follows:���  LOCATIONS.  May _5���Baltimorc.Four Mile, Edward Stewart.  Rubie, north of Mollie Hughes, DS Maelntyre.  Dandy Fractional. Carpenter/Dan McLeod.  Bidgood, Carpenter, David Clark.  May l'i;���Lone Water, same. Willie Eecles.  Bodie, Bear lake, J H Werely.  May 27���H'vak, north of New Denver, Georire  Davis.  May 28���Dewev. Bannock Point. J E Barret!.  Gapilla, Goat "Mountain, David Bremner and  Kus.-ell Tlioinpson.  Eliza,Fractional, ThreeiForks,\Vm Gallatfhan.  May 30���Marmion, Houson creek, David Murphy.  ASSESSMENTS.  May 25���Trade Dollar, Sir Frederick, Little  Ben, Queen Ann. Joseph 11,'Altoona. Dayton'No  2, Atlas No 3. Eureka, Mineral Hill, Summit,  Richmond.  May 2i.i���Hemlock, I sis, Conlidence, Caledonia-  May 27���Carleton, Lakeview, Alpha, Lakeview  Fraction.  May _8���I'abnito, Corncriicker, Fairhaven,  Noonday, Hk-or-iniss, Muchaelio.  May 30��� Boss, Atlanta, North Star No <;, Aiich-  son Fraction, Heather Bell, Grey Eafde, Fourth  of July.  with' mining. Comparatively few have  intended to devote themselves to farming. And yet if a man's object is to  make a living and leave his family comfortably provided for, he will be much  more likely to do so in British Columbia  by taking a good piece of land near a  mining centre and farming it intelligently, than by pursuing the fickle goddess  with a prospector's pick in his hands.  Better means of communication are  needed to enable farmers to make the  most of such opportunities, but these  have been arranged for and will soon be  provided, and with the steady expansion  of our transportation facilities will come  the exploitation of the thousands of  acres of fertile land thus brought within  l-each of a market.  AST    INEXPKKIKXCED    PATRIOT.  'Course I'm with the country,  Ef we must recruit:  Duly trouble 'bout it is���  D'uiino how ter shoot!  'Cours I'd like ter toiler  Whar the flshtin' is:  Oniy trouble 'bout it���  . Got the rhemnatiz !  Ain 't afcard o' thunder���  Don't want war-release :  Trouble, is���I'm under  Bonds ter keep the peace !  From Sumter ter Savanny  Boys has lost their wit/.';  Rut her work fer Fanny  Then li._bt like rip with Fit- !  ���Atlanta Constitution.  H. H. Knox,  Hns removed to the  Newmarket  BOUNDARY    CK-SEI-    COUNTRY.  ANGLO-SAXON    ALLIANCE.  Chauiieey   M.   'Oepew   Says Sonic V.-tty  Things About It.  TilANSKKRS.  Win S I. re wry  to   Robt  Wil  May 20���Isis i  liams, March .'in.  Medford. Cinderella, A B Docksteader to Leonard B Keyser, April 15, *_,-_-.  May 27���Bonaparte l, Adam Scaia to Rosele  Cortiana, May 23.  May 2S���Soho l/il, .las Brown  to Jas C Ryan,  May Iii, Sl ,100.  SLOCAN    CITY    DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  May 20���Poplar, W H Beamish.  May 31���Legal Tender No 2, Thos Benton.  May 25���Lydia Jane, Thos Blench, Matanza,  Peter Amot- Chapleau, Fractinal, David Arnot,  and A T Balderson.  May 20���Treasure Vault, Harold Ellis; Anglo  American, J G Dewar: Flashlight, J T Tipping;  Birch, T J Baty.  ASSESSMENTS.  May 20���Noonday, Quebec. Susana, Humboldt.  May 21���Celebration, Cougar, Sunlight Fraction.  May _S���Corker No 3, Forty-Eight, Sadie R,  Clariot.  May 26���Hermora, Lucky Boy. Lemon Star,  Get There Eli, Reno, Accidental, V and M, F L  C, Mayflower. Golden West, Lone Ledge.  TliANSVKltS.  May 20-Naiicv Hanks No 2, *> of o/O, E W  Nettleton to H E'Graves, S3-0.  AINSWORTH    DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  May 21���War Cloud. A Jardine and E Rork;  Experin-.csnt,Th08 Wall. Bonanza, Otto Johnson.  May* 24���Brownie, Andrew Miller: Al) America. Louis Herman; Jewel Fraction, R T Martin;  Unexpected, It Mitchell; Eagol, H P Johnson, A  Johnson.  May 2f>���Monte Cristo, G Walker; Snow  Birds, John Stinson; Homestead, M Marble; St  Thomas, James McNeil; OmhyM Markle; Emma  Rillion, V,r Y V,ri!liams.  .May 20���Bobby Burns,Robt Mitchell; Olympia,  T Johnson; Superior, Duncan McDonnell.  ASSESSMENTS.  Ulll-  May 21���Elk Range, Iron Queen, Carson  pire, Celebration, Ormonde.  May 23���Uncle Mike, Silver Tip, Valparaiso,  _!), Robbie B, Deer Lodge, Anaconda, High Ore,  Kaslo, Butte, Big Five, Sultan, Lucky Bob.  MAY 25-Cumberland. Luheck, Little Bell Fr,  Silver Bell, Hub, Iron Cap, Ruthie Bell, St Joseph, Lavina. Fourth of July, Monie, Florence.  ���  May 27--North Star, Glasgow, Normandy.  TKANSFEHS.  ���May 21���Elk, Elk Range, M H Goldwater to P  Silverton.  Pilot Ji, D Grant to Samuel Underbill.  Bright Hoi-c J, Thos Workman to same.  Truant i, Samuel Underbill to Thos Workman.  May 23���Gold Commissioner's Permit to R E  Brown re Crown grant for Whitewater Deep  Fraction M C.  May 25���I C, Ed Becker to J Monro.  Bee J, Wm Ginol to Dominion Mining and Development Co.  Mayflower Si/l., J A Finch to J L Montgomery.  IMMIGRATION.  It is held by those in touch with the  movement of the poorer populations of  Europe that an era of extensive ernigra.  tion to Canada has fairly begun. The  record of the land sales of the C.P.R.  and other land corporations bear out this  statement and add the comforting assurance that a larger proportion of the  emigrants reaching this country are now  staying within our borders than has  heretofore been the case. Hitherto a  great many people have come to the  Dominion, but a very large percentage of  them have only remained in the country  for a short time before joining the army  of Canadians who sought opportunities  , in the United States that seemed to be  denied them at home. The consequence  has been that while the population of  Canada lias increased steadily, the gain  has not been at all rapid. But of late  there has been a falling off in the exodus  of native Canadians, together with a  greater influx of Europeans and a larger  percentage of the latter have remained  with us. There has also been a notice-  movement of people from the United  States to the Dominion, and at the present rate of progress the next census  ought to show a very notable increase in  population.  This is caused to a great extent by the  change in economic conditions in the  United States. The emigrant is no longer welcomed in the domain of Uncle  Sam. The agricultural land theie is  practically all taken up. Tlie labor or-1  ganizations have secured severe legislation to protect themselves from indis-:  criminate competitioii,and the intending]  emigrant is closely scrutinized and often  unceremoniously rejected. On the other  hand Canada lias come to the front with  astonishing rapidity. The Diamond  Jubilee festivities served to concentrate  the attention of Europe upon the Dominion and this notice was intensified by the  news of the gold discoveries. Confirming and strengthening the growing belief  of the people of Europe in Canada, came  reports last fall of a bountiful crop, and  hundreds, probably thousands, of letters  went across the Atlantic from colonists  on the prairies, telling of how well they  had fared in the land of their adoption.  All this will militate to our advantage.  The incoming tide will of course not  be all desirable in its character. The  settlers from Central Europe will naturally seek ihe;prairies. They will settle  in colonies,so as to avoid isolation among  a people who speak an unfamiliar language. The people from the United Kingdom will in very many cases seek the  older provinces and British Columbia  may expect to come in for a large share.  As means of communication are opened  through that province the fertile valleys  of the mainland and adjacent to the mining camps will be occupied. Hitherto  the majority of those who have gone into  the interior have aimed at doing some-  thfng directly   or   indirectly  connected  "A few years ag*o," he said, "this  country and Great Britain faced each  other, ready at a nod to engage in  mortal battle. To-day the English people stand our staunchest friends. We.  are facing' a mighty probablem, and the  mig'hty temptation of -national aggrandisement. With Russia, France and  Germany all claiming* their share of the  far east, shall we, too, claim our share?  My sympathy is in favor of territorial  exoaii-iou, but my judgment is ag*ainst  it."This is a problem we must settle for  ourselves, however, and Ave have just  had news of an attempted interference.  What prevented the concert of Europe  from ordering us out of the Phillippines,  or forcing* war upon us; from taking us  by the throat as it took Turkey? Only  Great Britain and the English people.  "The two great English-speaking  countries standing shoulder to shoulder  are the most inspiring* and magnificent  spectacle of the century. We speculate  as to the ultimate result of tlie war.  Here already is its result: The union  of the Anglo-Saxon race, of the only  nations where there is government .by  people and liberty of tne people; the  nations shall stand together for peace,  for (liberty, for humanity, fori civilization, and" fer the brotherhood of man."  Strange   Cases   of   Love.  Peru, Ind , has two strange couples,  illustrating the fact that animals fall in  love with each other and still not go on  the old theory of all birds of a feather  flocking together, says the Chicago  Chronicle. Dr. Landis Bradshaw has a  rooster that has fallen in love with him,  and has a strange habit of riding over  the country while he is making his  calls. The rooster has also formed a  very agreeable acquaintance with the  horse, and usually when'they start out  he perches himself on top of the animal  and rides bareback or holds on to the  harness. He crouches down and enjoys  the ride hugely. When the rig stops,  the.rooster "always flies from his perch  and begins to crow joyously.  The strange outfit attracts much attention. Bradshaw pays no attention  to the rooster, and takes it for grantei  that he always gets on. If he does not  catch the horse, he always manages to  get on the running gears. He "never  gets left. While Bradshaw is making  his calls Mr. Rooster watches the horse,  and the two take an interest in each  other.  Barney Baer has another rooster that  has formed a friendship with a big  maltese cat. The two are always together, the cat generally purring and  rubbing up against the big rooster.  They take strolls together, and when  night comes, instead of seeking his  roost; Mr. Rooster g-oes over to a box  and sits down for the night. The cat  stays up a little later, but by S o'clock  both are found side by side, asleep.  The rooster .always acts as the alarm  There are over a dozen freight teams  on the road from Marcus with machinery for the Mother Lode, Stemwinder,  Brooklyn and Athelstan mines.  Machinery is now being put on the  Stemwinder. A contract "has been let  to James Punch to run a tunnel of (>UQ  feet to connect with the main shaft.  Work is being steadily pushed on the  O.K. and Lucky Boy properties in Seattle camp The' .ore" now on the dump  is said to assay from 880 to 8100 in gold.  The claims are owned by Alderman  O'Connor of Grand Forks.  Ou the Snowshoe, under bond to an  English svndicate, represented by 11.  W. McFarlane; for 805,000, a shaft has  been sunk 185 feet and a crosscut run at  the 110-foot level. So far the showing  is'very satisfactory, and 10 per cent  of the'bond has been paid. The mine  will likely be equipped with machinery  soon.  It is reported that A. H. Harrison,  superintendent of B. C. mine in Summit  Camp, has purchased the Silver Dollar  property up   the   North   Fork of  the  Kettle river, on a bond for 835,000.  Mr.  Harrison made a big payment for the  B. C. mine itself when a few days ago  he handed over in Greenwood to John  W.Keoughand Sons, the sum of $27,000.  This is the largest individual payment  ever made in Greenwood with respect  to Boundary Creek mining properties.  The B. C. was bonded nine months ago  for 860,000.   It was then a prospect, but  the indications   were so   encouraging  that Mr. Harrison had no hesitation in  giving the bond at that figure.    He at  once went to -work to develop the property.   A steam plant was secured, a  shaft sunk 160 feet    About 400 feet of  drifting was carried out on the upper  level and 100 feet on the lower level.  The development was in ore nearly the  whole of the time'with the result that  there is now 1,200 tons of high grade  copper ore on the dump.   The first payment on the bond was made six months  ago.   Before making the 827,000 payment the B. C. was exported by Dr.  Hatch, an English mining* engineer of  I-Jlock iind is prepared to repair  cvt-ry ile.scripli in of  Disabled  Watches.  NEW DENVER,  Provides ample and pleasant accommodation for the traveling public.  Telegrams for rooms prompt] v attended, to.  STEGE & AVISON,       -       -       -       -      \ -       Proprietors.  DO NOT  When   in Silverton,   especially  you have a thirst with you.  The beer is kept on ice, while the  whiskey   has that flavor and power so-  much appreciated by the traveller when he is weak and weary.  THOMAS CLAIR, Proprietor.  V  ���1  THE  SELKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the whavf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts of  this hotel.  BRANDO!^ * BARRETT  Port of Nakusp.  THOS. ABRIEL  CUSTOHS BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B. C.  J.R.&B.&ameroR  Formerly of Winnipeg-.  Furnish Clothing-  ���: in the : ���  -   Latest Style  ���: of the :���  Tailors    Atft.  SANDON, B  #C.O.Df  long experience.  Victory-Triumph   Force   to lie I><ml>l_<l.  clock in the morning.  D. B. Bogle, managing director of the  Kootenay Cold Fieds syndicate, is visiting the properties of the company on  Sophie montain, Rossland, to examine  the new strike recently made on the  Victorv-Triumph. The vein is in 17  feet wide and has a paystreak of three  and a half feet. The ore runs on the  surface about' $15 per ton. Mr. Bogle  feels so much encouraged over the  strike that he has made arrangements  to immediately double the force. The  new strike is something distinct and  separate from the main lead, the ore of  which  averages S18 to the ton.  enough  Hot   Talk   Against   Leiter.  Saturday Review: The scarcity of  wheat has forced up the price in England  to 55s a quarter, and the price of bread  is following the price of prrain by leaps  and bounds. To the poorest classes in  England this advance in bread will undoubtedly cause considerable suffering,  but in France the price is already much  higher, and the people, having a lower  standard of wages, are suffering more  severely. In Spain, however, where the  nominal condition of large numbers is a  condition of patient .poverty, the line  that divides scarcity from starvation has  already been crossed. The consequence  is that there are bread riots all over the  country. The starving Spaniard little  thinks that the tyrant who is crushing  the life out of him and his wife and  children is an enormously rich young  man far away in Chicago. This youthful  millionaire, Mr. Joseph Leiter, is probably causing more misery in the world  to-day thanthe worst Arab slave dealer  or the most abandoned criminal, for the  vast area of Mr. Leiter's depredations on  the poorest classes in Europe far more  than counterbalances the greater intensity of suffering inflicted by his rivals in  iniquity. The long arm of the modern  millionaire reaches to alien millions that  will never hear his name, and young  Leiter, by liis manipulation of the wheat  market, is ;to-day carrying starvation  into secluded Spanish villages and crowded city slums, setting the sharp rack of  hunger at work to pinch and peel his  victims. It is out of the last coppers of  the indigent and the miserable that this  Chicago millionaire cheerfully levies his  bled tax in order that, at the expense  of starving men and women and little  children, he may add fresh millions to  those he has already amassed.  A Missouri editor is candid  to make this statement: "Wo'would  not accept a bribe, and yet we are  free to say we cannot support candidates without some sort of remuneration, as we have a large family to  support, and space is worth money.  But please don t offer us anything to  our face, but, if you feel grateful for  our assistance, just contrive to loose  ten or twenty dollars in our office,  where we can stumble over it acci-  dently, and thank heaven for it in  the silence of our sanctum. By this  means we can overcome our scruples,  and keep our conscience as clear as  maple syrup."  In view of the fact ,that the United  States and Spain are the two leading  copper producers of the world, the war  is of great interest to copper miners, consumers and handlers. No diminution in  the European demand is indicated,while  on the other hand if war should result  in the placing of an embargo on the production of copper in Spain or the withdrawal of supplies from that country,the  restriction of shipments of Spanish copper would result in great advances in the  price of the metal. Spain, it may be  noted, has a production of about 1,000  tons of copper per week. The unusual  impetus in the building of protected war  ( ships is calling for extra quantities of  copper and the price of the metal may  go higher yet. It is a pity that Canadian  copper deposits were not further advanced in the way of development at this  time.  Goods called  for & Delivered  AUNDRY  We are now in a  position to give  thoroughly sat-  isfactoiy service  and solicit your  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. AH  business cash on  delivery-  Work Done on Short Notice.  C. M. NESB1TT, Prop.  /'--Rates  furnished  Hotels,   Steamboat Companies,.etc, on application.  El Dorada Ave.  ��w/^'*/fc/fc/V^^'^��_^k��_^-^'^��  Specials  Frederick Ribbach, formerly of Victoria, has entered suit for divorce at  Seattle against his wife, Mathilda Rib-  bach, to whom he was married in this  city in December, 1889. One of the  grounds is that at the time of the Victoria marriage, he had another wife,  although he was not aware of it, having been informed through various  sources that his first wife had obtained  a divorce from him. He afterwards  learned that this was not the case and  he therefore wants his second marriage  void ���Colonist.  in new Suitings  I have lately received a stock of  well-seleeted, .handsome suitings  for Spring inalvc-ii|>. and I earnestly invite your inspection of  them. Some excellent qualities  and patterns, and at; especially  low prices���lower than ever put  upon the market in this section  before.  I guarantee <i neat, natty lit,  and satisfaction in every particular.       Are you wanting a Spring  i      suit?  0 M. A. WILSON,  0 The Reliable Slocan Tailor.  4  Newmarket Blk, New Denver, B. C.      f$  mwwwwwwwwwwtw  WHOLESALE GROCERS  Agents for B. (J. Sugar Refinery and Royal  City Planing Mills.'  Dealers in  Hardware,  Miners' Supplies,  Tin   and   Graniteware,  Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors.& Windows.  EEI.G-  Wholesale and Retail  Killed at the Silver King Mine.  A    STRAW.  Those who are interested in the future  of silver may like to know that a strong-  commission has been nominated to investigate Indian finance. It may be  observed that as the currency proposals  submitted by the India Council are of a  nature calulated to give gold an entire  predominance, silver must necessarily  remain the ruling native medium, if  only from the fact that a sovereign, if  not beyond the reach of many, represents to native's mind fewer rupees than  if he acquirad the latter in a bazaar,  where he may exchange at current  rates.���B. C. Review.  Stephen Jeffrey, a miner employed at  the Silver King mine. Nelson, was killed last week by falling down the shaft  from the No. 4*tunnel.  How to accept  an  invitation  for dinner���Eat a light breakfast and no lunch.  F. Pyman has again commenced to  do business in New Denver. Bring  your watches to him when they are, out  of order. Pyman's new building, Sixth  street. '   The Kootenay Belleis a good smoker,  manufactured by the Kootenay Cigar  Co., of Nelson." Cigars of this Company's manufacture are carried by all  dealers in first-class tobaccoes.  The fortifications in and about Halifax are being improved and strengthened in the best possible manner. The  work of erecting fortifications at St.  John's, N.F., will be commenced very  soon. Tenders for part of the work  mav be called for irnmediatelv.  N'KW DKNVKR and SILVKKTON.  Fresh and Salt Meats  Poultry, Eggs, Etc  SHOPS AT  ALL IMPORTANT  KOOTENAV.  'OINTS  IN  FEED J. SQUIBE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  of many  Sizes,  Kinds,  and Prices,  at  T.  ocan  NEW  DENVER, B.C.  S  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  New Denyer, B.C.  ASLO HOTEL  Offered to the [mblic  are t.o he found in the  ooms  of New Denver  Family & Commercial.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings aJwavs'on hand.  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevev, Slocan Lake, B.C.  Columbia House  Warm,   quiet   iind   hard-finished   throughout  Hoard by the day. week or   month.  Xo Bar in connection.  Sixth St., New Den ver  X. C.'DING-IAN.  AMOS THOMPSON,  Manager.  R.  B. THOMPSON,  iti  \V. D.  MITCHELL  Secretary.  Notary Public  Al  b  Large  And  Comfortable  ^     Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and S3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  The  Woman  is nearest  most womanlv.  perfectioni when  NEW DENVER,  B.O.  Mines and Mining Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix  Insurance Co.  of London, Eng.  Nakusp,  Is a comfortable hotel for travellers  to stop at.  Mrs. McDougald. 

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