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The Ledge Feb 24, 1898

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 ���**  VOLUME V.    No.   21.  NEW DENVER, B, G., FEBRUARY 24, 1898.  Prtce, $2 00 Year  T-'HandflbbUt the Slocan  AKOUXD   ROSSLANO.  HANDSOSIB   RETURNS.  Three    Car     TjoikIh     of     Vancouver  vieia   #:{,7:��>.sr>.  Or<  A few weeks'since three car loads of  sorted ore were shipped from the Vancouver Group Company's claims, Four  Mile, to the Puget Sound Reduction  works, Everett. The smelting company's returns give the following particulars: One car load, dry weight,  39,175 pounds, yielded silver 1(50 ounces,  lead 57.2 per cent, per ton, returning a  net value of $99,70 per ton or $1,952.89  for the car load. Two car loads, dry  weight 78,350 pounds, yieldedsilver.154.7  ounces and lead 44.5 per cent, per ton,  returning a net value of $95.45 per ton  or $3,739.25 for the two car loads. The  quotation for silver was 55% and for lead  3.55. It is learned that the company  now has six more car loads on the road  to the smelter.  The Vancouver group is owned by a  Vancouver organization, of which Edward Mahon, of Mabon, McFarland &  Mahon, is president. The company  owns a.group of seven adjoining claims,  four of which are on the lead from which  the ore shipped as above was taken.  The ore occurs in chutes in a vein that  varies from three to six feet in width.  Mining on this group is by tunneling.  The tunnel on the Vancouver claim is  already in about 400 feet, and it is being  extended rfght along.  A    KUSKANOOK    TRAGEDY  Kuskanookis a hot railroad town at the  head of Kootenay lake and had its first  killing on the  evening of Feb. 13.   A  party of men consisting of Dennis Connors, Tom Smith, Wm. Kyle and Alex.  Clare, from a Crow's   Nest Pass railway  contraction   camp,  were   spending  the  night in town drinking and visiting the  saloons.    During the  evening they fell  in   with   Doyle,   with   whom  they had  several   drinks.    About-11:30 Connors,  Kyle and Clare were sitting in the Alexander   hotel,  when  Doyle came in and  culled them   up   to  the   bar to have  a  drink.   Conners went up to the bar saying:    "I'll have a drink   with you even  if I don't like you."    Doyle  then  said;  "You can't get any the best of me," and  ���.walked out without  the drinks  having  been served.    Connors   then went back  and sat down.    About  15 minutes later  'Doyle came to  tlie hotel again   and on  seeing   Connors   drew   a  revolver,  and  walked up to within a few feet of him.  After applying  a vile  epithet he  said;  "Dig  up  or I'll  shoot  you."   Connors  with a smile  said, "Fhe away."    Doyle  immediately  fired,   the  bullet entering  Connors' left breast an  inch  above the  nipple.    After firing the fatal shot Doyle  coolly put  the  revolver in   his  pocket,  walked out of the hotel  and made his  escape.    On seeing  Doyle draw his gun,  Ericson. the keeper of the hotel, at once  sent Clare for the police and in about five  minutes after  the  shooting  took  place,  Constable Forbes, who was acting during  Constable   Jams'   temporary   absence,  arrived  on   the   scene.    Connors never  spoke nor  moved after being shot and  died in a few minutes.  Constable Forbes  and Ryan, brought the  body to Nelson  and notified the provincial police department   of   the   occurrence.      They   also  brought in Ericson and Kyle, who were  in the bar room at the time of the shooting and Tom Smith who was supposed to  be a chum of Doyle, but who swore he  had not seen him since 1893, in Spokane,  at which time they were working together on the Great Northern railway.  Two days after the murder Doyle was  captured by Livingstone and Aspdin of  the Mounted Police and Special Constable Miller, about 30 miles from Kus-  kanook. His capture was easy as he  made no resistance and did not have a  weapon of any kind. He was landed in  Nelson jail last Thursday and seemed  pleased to get there. At the preliminary  examination he was committed to stand  his trial next June.  REVKLSTOKK    AND     TROUT     LAKE.  as being", on the same lead as the Silver  Cup'group. The promoters of the company have purchased the property for  the benefit of the company, winch" now  possess in the Great'Western and Nettie  L. both a silver ancl gold proposition.  Active work will be started on both as  soon as the season opens. Holders of  treasury stock get th?. full advantage of  the new purchase.  The Revelstoke Herald is the authority for the statement that a project is on  foot to build a railway from Revelstoke  to Albert Canyon, traversing the valley  of the north fork of the Illecillewaet and  Downie creek, and it is not improbable  that the grading of this line will be  commenced this summer. The road  would open up a inagnificient mineral  country and would be of incalculable  benefit" to Revelstoke. It would be the  first link of railroad connecting between  Revelstoke and the Big Bend and Canoe  River country. Not the least satisfactory feature of this scheme is the fact  that it promises to be carried out without the charter-mongering that has  lately been too much in evidence in  western Canadian transportation projects.   THK   ENTERPRISE.  The Nelson Tribune last week stated  that the Enterprise mine, on Ten Mile  creek, had been bonded to the London  & B.C. Gold Fields Co. for $450,000.  This is not so, as up to date this company has not entered into any negotiations for the property, although they  may do so in the future The present  owners of the property have never  offered it for less than' half a million  dollars. ^_   A    SNOWSLIDE    TRAGEDY.  John Trewicke, followed railroading for  many years but abandoned it a year ago  to go into mining on the north fork of  Carpenter creek. A few days ago a snow  slide buried him up just as he came out  of the tunnel. His partner proceeded to  Three Forks and wired the sad intelligence to Trewicke's relatives in the state  of Washington, and a brother of the deceased arrived at the Forks on Sunday  evening to recover the body if possible  from its snowy grave.  I'lliled    To    I'liv    TlM'ir    Debts.  Two shifts of men set out yesterday to  commence operations on the Lone Star  on the east slope of Sophie mountain, on  which a strike was recently made, returning an assay of S53.  A meeting- of the Diamond Dust company has been called for Monday, Feb.  28, at the office of Edward Baillie, to  discuss plans for the reorganization of  the company. The Diamond Dust lies  just east of" the city and adjoining the  Commander.  ������ The Rathmullen group of mineral  claims, consisting' of 11 claims situated  in Summit camp, is about to be transferred to an English company now being  incorporated in London. As soon as the  deal has been completed development  work . will be prosecuted on the property. This company has ��100,000 in  the treasu.iy, ��5,000 of which has been  subscribed." The vendor company will  receive stock in this new company,  which will net them 20 cents per share  on the amonnt of their present holdings.  This will be distributed among' tlie  shareholders of the Rathmullen company as a dividend.  Rossland's ore shipments for the week  ending February 5th were as follows:  Le Roi mine, 1,000 tous; War Eagle  mine, 135 tons; Centre Star mine, 75  tons; Iron Mask mine, 80 tons. Total,  1,290 tons. The shipments for the same  period last vear were 1,209 tons. The  shipments since January 1st, 1897,  amount to 78,836 tons. Tne Le Roi still  continues to be by far the largest shipper, but the War Eagle mine is considerably increasing its output. , Evidently  a period of greater activity is commencing at the latter mine, which is moreover  about to be more fully tested when the  2,000-foot level is reached.  Mr. E. W. Liljegren, who is looking  after  the development of the Syphon  Fraction, between the Big Trout and  the Blue Elephant, on the south slope of  Red Mountain, near Blue's sawmill, reports that an assay has returned values  of S712 per ton in   gold  and three per  cent, copper.   The sample was a brown  iron oxide, of which a streak from two  to six inches wide was uncovered by a  surface cutting.   The outcrop has been  uncovered for a  width of 30 feet, and  the ledge matter gives assays as high  as SS.    The assay is unusually interesting,  says   the  Miner,   since" it comes  from a vicinity which had produced no  extraordinary values,    although   iron  oxides giving fair returns are met with  frequently in the   vicinity of the Syphon.    The discovery hasconsiderabiy  encouraged the holders of property iii  that vicinity, which, for the most part,  has been little worked. Tellurides from  the Jumbo have given assays ranging  into  the thousands,  but values above  $500 in any "���ther ore found in tlie. camp  are unusual, although quartz ancl iron  from the Le Roi have returned $1,200.  out mountain. A contract has been let  for the extension of the tunnel a distance  of 100 feet. The tunnel is now in a distance of 418 feet, and it is expected that  by the time the tunnel will have been  driven 100 feet further the Jedge will  have been reached. The vein will be  tapped at a depth of 450 feet from the  surface, which will give ample ground for  stoping. The cropping is 35 feet wide on  the surface, and assays as high as $74.  The ore is iron, carrying gold. Up to the  present the sum of $15,000 has been expended on tbe property.  TRAIL1   BKKWJKRV   SOLI).  T'n-.North'/Hfftfns Cai-pps  On Tuesday last, says the Trail Creek  News, the Sheriff sold the Trail Brewery  to John R. Myers of Rouse's Point, N.  Y., for $25,000. Mr. Myers made the  purchase for the protection of the eastern  stockholders, whom he represents.  C. S. C. Fraser and his lawyer, representing the Bank of Montreal, were  present at the sale. Lawyer Cronyn  represented Mrs. Myers, Lawyer Gait, of  Rossland, represented'an eastern liquor  house, and put in a protest to the sale.  Lewis Blue, the Rossland brewer, contested the bidding, but quit after offering $24,000.  What will be clone with the property  is not known, but it is believed it will  start up again soon.  Capped  JJOUIJL.E   MURDRR  AND  LY.VCIUN'O  'Klondike  and  Snow  Party   Planted  in the Cold JEnd  'Xeath Ice  of Sheol.  CHAMBER   OF   MIXES.  The Spokane-Kaslo mining company  has come lo grief through their inability  to pay its debts, and the available assets  are to be sold to cover the indebtedness.  II. Giegerich i.s the mover of the sale, to  satisfy a debt of $-191.Gil, exclusive of  legal expenses. The property of tlie  company consists of four claims���the  Spokane-Kaslo No. 2, Acme and Ailieri  can,   being   situated   on   Lylo  Ainsworth    division,     Deputy  Robinson will  conduct tlie sale  Nelson court house on March -I.  On    Sheep    Creek.  creek,  Sheriff  at the  The Waverloy Mine, limited, whicli  at present has 'quarters at Revelstoke  in a temporary office in the Cowan  block, intends to put up a building in  the summer containing offices for the  engineer and manager and a board room.  Arrangements have been concluded  by whicli the Great Western, limited,  have acquired the Nettie L. claim in  well known Pool group. 1| miles from  Ferguson, The claim has a great showing of galena and carbonates, rich both  in golcfand silver, and very similar in  character to the Silver Cup ore. In fact,  the Pool group is considered by miners  The time has arrived when property  on the west slope of Sophie mountain  and Sheep creek is considered a good investment. Scarcely a day goes by but  that sales are reported in this district.  In the latest budget of news from there  comes word that Otto Jonson has given  a $30,000 option on four claims which are  located about two miles south of the  Staples cabin on the west side of Sheep  creek and not very far from the international boundary. " On one of these, ithe  Sadie, there is a 22-foot quartz lead,  giving assay values as high as $2S in gold  and an average surface assay of $8. The  Eastern !Star, another of this group, is  s^.id to be a promising claim.  WATER   RIGHTS   GRANTED.  A water right of 50 inches out of Emily  creek, a tributary of Four Mile, has been  grained Chas. E. Hope, for the use of  concentrator, ore washing, ground sluicing, etc. Also a grant of 100 inches out  of the North Fork of .Bartlett creek, a  tributary of Four Mile, and of 50 inches  out of Bartlett creek, and 100 inches out  of Grady creek, for the same purpose.  ���MAILS AGAIN REGULAR.  Inspector MeLeod of the post office  department was in this section last Friday and Saturday, and seeing the lack  of mail service tne Slocan was getting  in having the mail sent around by  Kaslo, ordered it -sent in via Nakusp.  Since the change there has been no  delay, while last week there was no  mail at all received from the States.  DKVKLOl'ISG    LOOKOUT    MOUNTAIN  Trail has already begun to feel the  effects of the development work but just  begun on Lookout mountain. On Monday last the men in charge of the various  workings came to Trail and left with our  merchants orders for the supplies necessary for their use during the present  week, thus placing in circulation in our  town new money that all comes from tlie  outside world.  So far as developed, there are promising prospects on Lookout mountain. To  the present time, it has been hard to interest capitalists to the extentof developing the properties, as the mines of  Rossland are so close to Trail as to overshadow all our claims. Now that it is  proven tha* British Columbia is one vast,  stoiehouseof mineral wealth, capital is  coming forward as rapidlyas needed, and  for the next six months Trail's mountain  will have every opportunity given it to  demonstrate its worth.  The benefit this development work will  bring to Trail is well understood, and our  citizens are correspondingly jubilant.  No Le Hois may be discovered���yet the  Trail (.'reek News thinks such things are  possible. j  TO    Tl'XXKL    KKI)     MOUNTAIN. |  The British Columbia Chamber of  Mines was duly organized in Vancouver  last week. The meeting was held in the  Hotel Vancouver. Among those present  were Mr. Harry Abbott, Major-General  Kinchant, Dr. Selwyn, Messrs. W.  Pellew Harvey, O. Plunkett, G. W. De  Beck, F. S. Taggart, A. Plunkett, P. R.  Ryan, J. C. Ferguson, F. W. Alexander,  Hugh Keefer, J. M. Buxton, Barclay  Bon th rone, W. J. Anderson, J. W.-Mac-  farlane, Major Vaughan, Major C."C.Bennett, C. F. Law, Ben. Douglas, New  Westminster, and R. Hamilton.  The fee for  representative  members i  was lined at $25 per annum, while associated membe.18 will pay ��5 a year.  A   WAR   OF   RATES.  Montreal. Que!, Feb. 18.���The dispute  between the transcontinental lines has  resulted in the open declaration of war  on the part of the C.P.R. It announces  from the head offices to-day that tlie  rates from points east to the coast have  been cut in two for second class tickets.  The second class wis SS0 and the cut  rate is ��80; first class was $70 and the  cut rate 610. The reduction of almost  50 per cent. The C. P. I-J. has now  thrown down the gauntlet to the American lines and the greatest passenger  rate war on business to Pacific co'ast  point.  is in full swing.  ���BIG   NELSON    SALK.  The Canadian Pacific Exploration  Syndicate, which last week purchased  the Big Four, near Nelson, for $50,000, is  now reported to have secured the ;Apex  group of claims, situated at the head of  Clearwater creek on Salmon river. The  group consists of the Apex, Silver Reef,  Curfew, and Acme fractions,which are  free milling, running about $28 in gold.  Not a little meney has already been spent  on development work. The owners were  Messrs. Malone, Roy and Stimley, of  Nelson. The terms of the sale are "withheld.  The  B. A.C.   Gets the  Black  Eagle.  Messrs. Daly it Hamilton, of Rossland,  solicitors for the applicants, give notice  that they will apply to the legislature for  an act to incorporate a -company to run  a tunnel through Red mountain from a  point on the Columbia river between the  mouth of Murphy creek and the town of  Trail to a point near the California mineral claim, on the western slope of the  mountain. The company will run exploring tunnels from the main tunnel  and will operate tramways for the carriage of ore; supply electric light and  power; erect crushing, concentrating and  smelting works and do many things in  the way of developing the underground  resources of Red mountain mining properties. It ie ii big scheme, but not an  impossible one if the capital subscribed  ia sufficiently large.  AT    THK    RED    I'OINT.  The  British  America   corporation,  it  seems, is not yet through buying mining  properties in this section, isays the Rossland Miner, for  yesterday it bought the j  Black Eagle claim   from  Hector  McRaej  and.l.McAtee  for   the sum  of $10,000.1  The property adjoins the Copper Jack of j  the  Columbia  it  Kootenay group.    Al-i  though not. a  full  claim  it contains 4(i  acres.    It  has   the   same   ledge as the  Eldorado   and   is   considered   to   be   a  promising   property.    The intention  of  the purchasers is said to be to develop it  in connection with the Columbia it Kootenay group.  A double murder and lynching have  occurred at Port Valdes, the doorway to  the Copper River country. The story  was brought to Seattle on Wednesday,  by the steamer Alliance, which arrived  from the north. Three new graves have  been scooped in the ice and snow on the  sill of the pass. In two are the bodies of  William A. Lee, of Lowell, Mass., and  N. A. Call, of Worthington, Minn. In  the third a shallow bed apart, is the  body of the murderer, Millard F. Tanner, a cowboy from Montana, and around  the neck is the tell-tale brand of a rope.  Two simple stones mark the resting  places of the victims. Over the grave of  the sssassin a gnarled tree holds out a  giant and threatening arm, from whose  twisted wrist dangles a stub of rope.  The murderer and murdered were  members of a party of 12K10ndikers who  came from Massachusetts in November,  and outfitted at Seattle. While in Seattle they picked up "Doc" M. F. Tanner,  a Montana cowboy, who, from his fine  physique and "experience," would likely, it was thought, be a valuable acquisition to the party. Dissensions, however,  broke out,from the start, and the party  was divided under rival leaders. Tanner  was obliged to do much of. the packing,  and the bulk of the camp work, resenting which, he became troublesome.  Finally, there was trouble in the camp at  Port Valdes, on January 2nd, and the  heads of the rival parties held a council  of war, and discussed measures for getting rid of the obnoxious cowboy. Tbe  consultation was held in a tent, Call,  Lee, Pierce and Haines being seated  round a candle; but it was unfortunately  overheard by Tanner, who was standing  in the snow outside. Angered at the  plot, he hastened to his cabin, and, procuring a revolver, returned to the tent,  and announced his determination to  "settle the business."  Without a word Tanner fired at Call,  who was nearest the door, killing him  instantly. The cowboy's next shot  pierced "the breast of Lee, with equally  fatal effect. The concussion extinguished the candle, and, in the darkness,  Haines dropped to the ground ancl  escaped the third bullet. Pierce hid behind some boxes, and the cowboy walked |  calmly to a tree to wait there-appear-]  ance of Pierce, who he believed alone  survived.  Haines, however, escaped, and notifying the main camp, a hurried parley was  held, and Tanner, on being summoned  to do so, surrendered his revolver. He  was at once bound hand and foot, and a  general meeting of prospectors being  called, 38 answered to the call. In the  still watches of an almost Arctic winter  night, the crime of Tanner was weighed,  with the result that immediate execution  was resolved upon by a. vote of 29 to 9,  instead of sending the murderer to Sitka  for trial. By the same vote, it was decided the rope -.-should be used, instead of  tbe bullet, and at daylight next morning  Tanner was strung up to the limb of a  tree, 24 men taking an active part in the  proceedings.  Before the fatal rope was pulled, the  doomed cowboy said: "Gentlemen, I  guess you aro doing what is right," and :  "Remember, gentlemen, you are stringing up the best man with a six-shooter  that ever came to Alaska or any other  country."  lawless condition of affairs at Skagway  and Dyea.   It was referred to at a Cabinet   meeting   to-day,   when   Alaskan  affairs were under discussion, and was  considered sufficient justification by the  members for  the despatch of the additional military forces already authorized to be sent to Alaskan territory.  The following is a copy of the ietter:  "The  news, from Skagway by the  steamer now in  port i.s serious.   The  United States Deputy-Marshal has been  shot dead in the discharge of his duties.  Another man was killed at the same  time, and at the same place.   Recently  the steamers have been carrying great  lists of passengers; many of" these are-  gamblers, thugs and lewd women, from  the west centres and from the cities of  the coast.   They   have   taken   in the*  situation at Skagway  and Dyea, and.  appear to have combined to carry things  with a high hand.   The best people at  these  places   are   powerless,   because  they have no municipal form of government.   The United States Marshal is  powerless, because he can appoint only  a few deputies, and,  when they undertake/to act they are singled out as targets  by this rough element."  KOOTJSNAY   njbkjus.  Mr. Hume expressed the hope that the  members of the House would do justice  to Kootenay when the estimates were  before them.   He predicted that if the  Government adopted  a liberal policy in  dealing with the district, that the present revenue of   the district   would   be  more   than doubled.   Already the district contributed abont one-half of the  revenue collected throughout the Province.   He cited figures which showed  that the   revenne from   Kootenay was  $310,000, as compared   with  $254,000 for  the Island, and $175,000 for the balance  of the Mainland.    The claims of the district should also be recongnized when  the   Redistribution   Bill   was   reached.  Kootenay  already had  one-fifth  of the  population   of   the   Province,   and  was  entitled ��� to at least six  members.    He  also called attention to  the manner in  which  the  cities of Kootenay  were being harassed by the  Provincial  Board  of Health,  in  regard  to the  disposal of  their   sewage.    There  were  several  incorporated  cities in  the district which  had   gone to the expense of putting in  expensive sewer systems, and after completing  the same,   the   cities had been  warned that they could not use the sewer  systems, because  the   Board  of Health  would not permit them to drain into the  rivers.     He urged  the  Government  to  look into the matter and relieve the cities  from the  interference  of the Provincial  Board   of   Health.   The  common-sense  method of dealing with the sewage question was to  drain  the   sewage into  the  large lakes and rivers.   He spoke strongly against the tax  imposed  by the Government   upon   working    miners,    and  asked the Government to explain   why  exceptional treatment  was meted out to  the quartz miners a�� compared with coal  miners.          IS    NOT    WORRIED.  Wm.  McKeiizle    i*  Yukon  Satisfied  Scheme.  With    Mis  AWl'Dt    II-'    TKUK.  Will    Smelt    Ore    For   ��"!  Ton.  The Red Point Gold Mining Company,  Rossland, ia about to resume operations  on ita property^ the Red Point, on Look-  One feature in connection with the  C.P.R.'s purchase of the Heinze interests  in West Kootenay will he regarded with  the utmost satisfaction by the people of  Rossland. It is learned that as regards  the operation of the purchased smelter  at Trail, the great Canadian company  means to charge only actual expenses to  mines sending thither their ore. Smelting facilities will, in fact, be provided at  cost, and a smelting rate of $7 a ton and  freight rate of 50 cents a ton being declared in respect of Rossland ore consignments.  N. 0. Dinginan has taken the contract  for doing the work started by Al'an McDonald and partner, on the Mollie  Hughes. McDonald and partner had to  give up the work owing to sickness.  London, Feb. it.���The Star, under the  head of "Raid nn the Klondike,"quoted  an anonymous American correspondent  who recently arrived in England, as  saying' with reference, to the relief expeditions to the Klondike, that those  who arc; familiar with the facts "knew  that this excuse i.s as flimsy as Jameson's desire to relieve, the. women and  children at Johannesburg." Continuing  the anonymous correspondent says :  "Every  American knows this is  other Jameson's   raid    aud    that  Americans intend to keep control of  Klondike.     The  Klondikers   have  readv   announced   that   the stars  an-  the  the  :   aland  ���William  with   Mr.  ���oute to the  England  of  stripes will be flying at Dawson City by  July 4. It would please; a large body  of Americans if the Klondike could be  made a pretext for war between England and the rnited States, whicli  would result in the annexation of Canada."  There is much in this same strain.  LAWLESS    ALASKA.  Washington, Feb. IS.���Secretary Bliss  is in receipt of a letter from Governor,  Brady, of Alaska, descriptive   of   the  Montreal, One., Feb. 1.(3  McKouzie, who is associated  Mann in the new Caliadiai  Klondike, is here on his way to  in connection with the franchise of the  Birmingham tramway, which is to be  converted into an electric railway. Re  ferring to the reports of Mr. Mann's  inability to charter steamers on the  Pacific coast, the; threatened hostile  American bonding regulations at  Wrangol, and the opposition contract,  he said: "We have no occasion to  worry over any over any of these  affairs. My contract is signed and I  see no reason to doubt that it .will be  ratified by parliament.  "Too much is being made of unfriendly American legislation. I believe  everything will lie arranged amicably.  In-any event Canadians have the right  to build entirely in Canadian territory."  McKenzie repeated that the contract,  was more or less a speculation, as the  rant is problematical.  value of the land  ALLKX    NOT    KIttKI).  The report that Ed. Allen was fatally  stabbed at Whitewater on Sunday night  is incorrect. Allen was not hurt at all.  Boozerino, and a trifling scrap, gave a  few first-class liars an opportunity to  display their talent in truth twisting.  Capt. Wardroper has sold the Denver  to the C.P.R. It will be used on Kootenav lake. THE LEDGE, NEW DKJS'VER, B.C., FEBRUARY 24, 1898.  Fifth Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursilay.  R. T.  LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months ������* .7">  Six "  I-*  Twelve  " ������  ���������  --"��  Thkkk years ���  ���'���W  Transient Advertising, 2i> cents per lino tirst in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot. and we will do the rest  A pencil cross in this, square  indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look at  your collateral.  him as editor of the Chicago Evening  Post. Since 1882 she has been a  member of the executive committee  of the prohibition party. In 188G she  accepted the leadership of. the White  Cross movement, and her own unions  which obtained through her influence  enactments in twelve states for the  protection of women.  ITN-KQUAI,    RIGHTS.  THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24.  1898.  WOULD    SPOIL   HIS    PACK,  Things were mightily interesting  last week in and about the Provincial  Assembly Hall when a discussion ot  the official conduct of Messrs. Turner  and Pooley in their connection with  certain speculative mining companies  was forced upon the government representatives by the opposition. The  leaders of the government objected  strongly to the discussion going on  and resorted to every method at their  command to silence the mouths of the  opposition speakers and cut off the  debate. The Hon. Mr. Turner was  twice called down by the Speaker;  he passed the lie once and again resorted to a low personal attack on a  member of the opposition. Hon. Mr.  Pooley was equally as ungentlemanly  as his leader. In the course of the  debate he made the threat that if the  Vancouver member of the opposition  (Mr. Cotton) referred to him as a  decoy duck outside of the assembly  chamber he would reply in a manner  which the member would understand.  Mr. Pooley is a large man and has  pugilistic as well as speculative tendencies, and these remarks of his are  taken to mean the he would catch  Mr. Cotton on a back alley some dark  night and spoil his face, bruise his  body, and perhaps bite an ear off.  Messrs. Turner and Pooley have a  very weak case,   indeed, when they  will resort to such low tactics as personal abuse and threats of personal  violence.     What has been said of  their  connection   with  questionable  speculative   mining  companies   has  been to exonerate the good name of  the Province, without regard to their  personal feelings in the matter.   It  must be admitted that the discussion  and newspaper criticisms have not  been over complimentary to them,  but that they have richly merited all  that has been said of them in this  connection   is   abundantly    demonstrated by the actions of the gentlemen in the Legislature.  The idea of a Premier passing the  lie in a debate, and being twice  called to-order by the Speaker for  using unparliamentary language is  most distasteful. And for the President of the Council to threaten to  maul an opponent in debate is even  more shocking.  In a public market at the busiest  morning hour a young housewife dictates  to a clerk, who writes on an order stub,  "One package of cocoa, a jar of���" She  is [touched on the arm from behind,  "Oh, Mrs. Rathbone! How do you do?"  They shake hands elaborately and fall to  talking commonplaces. The clerk leans  forward.    "One jar of���"  Mrs. Rathbone starts. "My dear Mrs.  Miles don't. My little May was made  very ill from eating orange marmalade  once. I don't believe the fruit was ever  made to be cooked."  The clerk coughs. Mrs. Miles exclaims  excitedly. "Not orange marmalade.  How is May, anyway, my dear ?"  "I must tell you. all about her mysterious case; but it is a long story so I will  give you first, before I forget it, my new  receipt for peach marmalade, which you  will like much better than the orange.  You just take one pound of���"  Clerk interrupts. "Is this all of your  order, madam ?"  "Of course not. I haven't got to  olives yet. . Why, here is Mrs. Turner.  I must congratulate you at once on your  son's engagement. Such a happy choice!  But I haven't told either of you of my  own bit of good news. Baby took his  first step yesterday. We think his walk  is just like an uncle on his father's side  ���a man who has been twice State Senator and almost spoken of for President."  Chorus:    "What an honor!"  Isn't it ? Why, there is Laura Seymour. She's just been around the  world (not in that hat,I hope). My dear  Laura, how do���"  Clerk calls loudly, "How large a jar of  olives did you say, madam!"  "I didn't say. Now, Laura Seymour,  tell us every word about your trip."  "But where shall I begin !"  "With the very first day. Well of all  things! Look tliere! If the clerk who  started to take my order isn't waiting on  somebody else." She sweeps majestically toward the door.  The clerk rushes forward, swathed in  his most obsequious manner. "Is there  anything else, madam ?"  "Not in this place. I shall go where I  can get waited upon."���Judge.  ALIi   TOP-SIDE   DOWN.  The Chinese surname comes first instead of last.  The Chinese begin dinner with dessert  and end with soup and fish.  The Chinese shake their own hands instead of the hands of those they greet.  The spoken language of China is not  written and the written language is not  spoken.  The Chinese launch their vessels side-  wise and mount their horses from the off  side.  Books are read backward, and what we  call footnotes are inaerted at the top of  the page.  The Chinese dress in white at funerals  and in black at weddings, while old women always serve as bridemaids.  SEEIN*    THINGS.  OUT    OF   THE    MOUTHS   OF    BABES.  Nellie, aged five, was visiting in the  country and seeing a potato bug for the  first time she asked : "Mamma, does  flies play lawn tennis?" "No dear,why  do'you"ask?" replied mamma. "Because; I just saw one with a blazer on."  answered the little lady.  Little four-year-old Freddie while out  walking with his nurse happened to  pass a, blacksmith shop just as the smith  was shoeing, a horse. On reaching  home he astonished his mother by saying: "Oh, mamma, I found the place-  where they make horses; 1 saw a man  nailin' on the feet."  "How are you getting along at school,  Johnnie?" asked a father of his six-  year-old hopeful. "Guess teacher's  going to promote ine," replied Johnnie.  "What makes you think so?" asked the  proud father. ' "Because, she said today that if I kept on I'd soon he iii the  criminal class," answered the precocious vouth.  <--  Little Bessie was 'so accustomed to  seeing the baby crawl around the room  that she thought it was his natural mode  of travelling. One day when he succeeded in standing up with the aid of a  chair she was inucli astonished, and  running to her mother exclaimed:  "Oh, mamma, come quick! Baby is  standing on his hind legs."  Willie, a five-year-old youngster, was  in the habit of complaining of his dinner, and one day his father said:  "Willie, you should* not find fault with  what is set before you. When I was  your age I was thankful to get enough  dry bread to eat." Willie finished his  dinner In silence, hut as he climbed  down from his chair he said - "Pa,  ain't vou awful glad you come to board  with us?" __���  BUSINESS CHANCE FOR HOTEL MAN.  The Newmarket, of New Denver,  is now open for lease���8 large rooms,  28 bedrooms, kitchen and laundry.  Most popular hotel in the most prosperous town in the Slocan. Apply to  Thompson, Mitchell & Co.,  Com. Agts, New Denver.  THiTr *ir r^ ^'^'^������^���-^���^-t  ek off Montreal.'  Established  1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :  ���:     896,850.04  HEAD    OFFICE,    MONTREAL.  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona and Mount Roval, G.C.M.G*. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  F. J. FINUCANE, Manager:  I  OURNE  The disaster to the United States  warship Maine has brought sorrow to  many an Irish, Swedish and Norwegian home, while in even a few  American families it has caused the  black emblem of death to be worn by  sorrowing relatives.  "See! the woods are on fire," said  a guest at a Nelson hotel the other  day, as he pointed excitedly to a distant mountain top. It was just the  sun rising over the hills, but as the  guest was from Sandon he was excused by other guests of the house.  I ain't afeard uv snakes, or bugs, or worms or  mice,  An' things'at girls are skcered uv I think arc  awful nice!  I'ni'pretty brave I guess;  an' yet I hate to go  to bed,  For, when I'm tucked up warm an' snug an'  when mv prayers are said.  Mother tells me -'Happy dreams!"   and  takes  away the light.  An' leaves me lyin' all alone an' seein'  things  at night!  Sometimes they'so in the corner, sometimes they're by the door,  Sometimes they're all a-standin' in the middle uv  the floor:  Sometimes they are a-sittin' down, sometimes  they're walkin' around  So soft a n' so creepylike they never make a  sound.!       ...  Sometimes they are as black as ink, an' other  times they're white���  But the color ain't no difference when you see  things at night!  Patriotism  Is a good quality in the make-up of  any man���but he who overlooks his  home for his country is no patriot at  all. As man's first consideration in  this life is to the welfare of his immortal soul, next in importance is  the welfare of his home, then his  country. These are the three great  questions for all men to consider. Upon the condition of the first largely  depends the condition of the latter.  A pure heart means a pure home,  pure homes mean a pure nation.  An important thing in the making  of a home is its furnishings. Handsome furniture, though not necessarily  costly, is needed. If your home is  in need of another piece for the parlor, bedroom, dining room; sitting  room or kitchen, call and select it  from our stock.  GROCERIES,  DRY GOODS,  CLOTHING,  BOOTS & SHOES,  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES,  STOVES,  ENAMEL and TINWARE,  PAINTS, OILS, GLASS,  POWDER, FUSE, CAPS, I  JESSOP & BLACK DIAMOND STEEL  CHATHAM WAGONS, ETC.,  AT LOWEST PRICES.  New Denver, B. C  I am offering special inducements to  my patrons in  Suitings  Do not miss this opportunity  for our Worsteds, Serges,  Tweeds, Trouserings and  Overcoatings are the newest  and best in the Slocan country. Satisfaction guaranteed  or   money   refunded.  A. fi. Wilson,  The Reliable Slocan Tailor.  WilUamio* Block, Hew Denror.  C. S. RASHDALL.  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,  SOLD and BONDED.   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  A.  DRISCOLL, C. E.,  f ominion & Provincial  La'cd Surveyor.  H'.'T: BRAGDON,  New Denver, B.C.  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  -Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of tho largest  and best assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Kootenay,  and shall be pleased to quoto  prices upon anything required  in my line.  LOCAN  TPI  Slocan City, B.C  WALKER BEOS. & BAKER,  New   Furniture Dealers and Kepairers  Denver's    Undertakers and JEmbalmers.  N. B.���We have the only practical Undertaker  and Emhalmei* doing business in the Slocan.  FRANCIS * K.    WU.LA.ltI>    DEAD.  After about three  weeks illness  Miss  Francis E. Willard died at the  Hotel Empire,   New York city.    Miss  Willard was a woman widely known  and universally  loved  for her good  work.    She was horn at Churchville,  N. Y., September 28th, 1839, graduated from the  Northwestern Female  College at Evan ton, III.,   in 1859, became   professor  of   natural   science  there in 18G3,   arid was principal  of  the (Jenessee Wesleyan Seminary in  18G6-'67.   The   following  two years  she spent in foreign travel,giving part  of the time to study in Paris and contributing to periodicals.    In 1871 cind  np to 1874 she was professor of aesthetics at the Northwestern University  and dean   of the Women's College,  where she developed her system of  self-government,   which   has    been  adopted  by   other educators.    Miss  Willard left the profession in 1874 to  identify  herself with the W.C.T.U.  On the death of her brother,' Oliver  A. Willard, in   1879,   she  succeeded  Once, when I licked a feller 'at had just moved on  our street  An' father sent me up to bed without a bit to eat.  I woke up in the dark an' saw things standin'  in a row,  A-lookin' at me cross-eyed an' pintin' at me���so !  Oil, my !   I wuz to skcered- that   time  I never  slop' a mite-  It's almost alluz when I'm bad I see things at  night!  Lucky tiling I ain't a girl, or I'd be skeered to  "death!  Bern' I'm a boy, I duck my head an' hold my  breath;  An', I am, oh!   so sorry I'm a  naughty  boy,  au' then  I promise  to be,better an'  I  say  my prayers  again !  Gran'ma tells me that's the only way to make  it right  When a feller has been wicked an'see things at  night!  An' so, when other naughty boys would coax me  into sin  I try to skwush the Tempter's voice 'at urges me  within ;  An' when they's pie for supper, or cakes 'at's big  an' nice  I want to���but. I do not pass my plate f 'r them  things twice !  Xo. ruther let starvation wipe me slowly out o'  sight  Then I should keep a-livin'on an' seein' things  nt night !  ���Eugene Field.  D  R. A. S. MARS'-'���~L  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago  W. S. Dkbwky  Kaslo, B.C.  H. T. Twigg  New Denver, B.C.  DREWRY .& TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil Code.  jJ3TRashdall & Fauquier, Agents.  Start from VANCOUVER  The late Charles Dana, of the New  York Sun, declared that without regard  to the dialect, .the following poem by  Miss McLean, author of "Cape Cod  Folks," was one of the most beautiful in  the English language:  De massa ob de shecpfol'  Dat guard de shecpfol' bin'  Look out in de gloomerin' meadows  Wbar de long night rain begin-  So he call to de hirelin' shepa'd.  Is my slice]), is dey all come in ?  Ob, den say de hirelin' shepa'd,  Dey's come, (ley's black and thin,  And some, dey's po' o!' wedda's,  But de res' (ley's all brung in,  But de res' dey's all brung in.  Den de massa ob de shecpfol'  Dat guard de sheepful' bin'  Goes down in de glooinerin' meadows  What* de long night rain begin-  So he le' down de bo's ob de shecpfol',  Callin' sof', Come in, Come in,  Callin' sof, Come in, Come in !  Den up t'ro' de gloomerin' meadows,  T'ro' ue col' night rain and win',  And up t'ro' de gloomerin' rain-paf  Whar de sleet fa' pie'eih' thin,  De po' los' sheep ob de shecpfol'  Dey all comes gaddcrin' in,  De po' los' sheep ob de shecpfol'  I>ev all comes gadderln' in.  VANCOUVER is the best outfitting point on the Coast; goods  considerably cheaper than in the  United States.  VANCOUVER is the nearestfport of departure to the Yukon District. ,,  VANCOUVER is the terminus of the C. P.  Railway, whose steamers will start from  Vancouver this spring.  All north-bound steamers call at VANCOUVER.  Direct steamers to Yukon ports have now  commenced to run from VANCOUVER.  VANCOUVER  is the only Canadian port  where passengers transfer direct from train  to steamer.  KLONDIKE is in Canada. Outfit in VANCOUVER and save 30 per cent. Customs  Duty.  W. GODFREY,  President Board of Trade. Vancouver, B. C.  Q M. WOODWORTH,  M.A., LL.B.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  CONVEYANCER, Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTATE  Slocan City, B.C.  Newly opened in New Denver, is one  of comfort, luxury and ease. The  rooms are elegantly furnished, the  building hard-finished, the dining-  room warm, light and tastefully decorated, and the tables laden with all  the viands fit to eat. It isn't neces-  to talk about Henry Stege's bar. It  is too well known.  HENRY STEGE, Prop'r  OTEL SANDON,  vft   tK   ?ft   ^A   tK   tK  f.  G. FAUQUIER.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp, B.C.  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevev, Slocan Lake, B.C.  J>. E. PALMER, C.E.  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE.'SURVEYOR.  P.O. Box 214.  Sandon, B.C  GWILLIM & JOHNSON,  (McGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  Slocan City.  B O  Sandon, B.C.  XHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped  to  aceommodate a large  number of G-uests.      The building is plastered  and the rooms are  unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in  the  Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  - Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  The Clifton House,  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a large number of people. The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining* Room is provided with everything in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  fiOTELtS OF KOOTEfiflY  John Buckley, Prop.  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  Assayers of b. g.  of  all   kinds,  write.  call  on or  W.F Jeetzel & Co,  J-JOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M, London, Eng*  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties   examined   and   reported on for  tending purchasers.  DRUGGISTS, Nelson,B.C.  Travelers  Assay office and Chemical Laboratory,  vue ave. New Denver, B C.  Belle-  Will find the  Arlington flotel  a pleasant place to stop at when in  Slocan Gity.  GETHING & HENDERSON, Propriotora.  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  SI.OCAN CITY TOWNSITE.  TAKE NOTICE that Messrs. Suckling Brothers'  Agency has expired, and that no person  other than the undersigned, has authority to  make contracts, receive payments, etc. All  ���communications and payments, with reference  to the Townsite should be forwarded to the  Trustee, who will sign * all agreements and  deeds.  FRANK FLETCHER, Trustee.  LKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the whaif. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts of  ..this hotel./  BRANDON & BARRETT  Brandon, B. C,  Assay Price List:  Gold, Silver, or Lead, each  81-50  Gold, Silver aud Lead, combined  3 00  Gold and Silver  2 00  Silver and "Lead  2 00  Copper (by. Electrolysis)  2 00  Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead  4 00  Gold and Copper  2 fio  Silver and Copper  2 50  Gold, Silver and Copper  S 00  Platinum  6 00  Mercury  2 00  Iron or Manganese  2 00  Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each  2 00  Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each   4 00  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and percentage  of Coke, if Coking  Coal)  0  Terms: '(Casli With Sample.  June 20th, 1895.  FRANK DICK,  Assayor and Analyst  WANTED���  Industrious Men of Character.  THE LINSCOTT COMPANY  TORONTO. Fifth Year.  THE LEDttE, NEW DENVER, B.C., FEBRUARY 24, 1898.  MINING  MACHINERY  StOCAJK.  IN    THE  By Howard West, A. R. S. M., New  Denver, B.C.  (Read before the January meeting of the British  Columbia Association of Mining Engineers.  Discussion March meeting Federated Canadian Mining Institute,)'  The Slocan mining* division of West  Kootenay has been well and fitting-ly  described as a poor mail's country, which  assertion does not necessarily indicate  that a man without means can come in  and develope his claim from the proceeds of ore obtained direct on the surface, for such instances are few aud far  between  even  here; but  because  in  comparison with other camps, the minimum amount of working capital is required as a rule before commensurate  returns are shown.   The Slocan of yesterday is not, however, identical with  that of to-day, such rapid progress is  the district making, and the designation  which was applicable when the country  was first opened up by no means holds  good literally at the present time.   Originally  the   surmised   extent  of  the  mineral belt was limited to the galena  bearing argillites stretching from Kaslo  on the east to Silverton on the west,  but later discoveries haye proven that  this supposition was far too restricted  in its character.   Flanking the slates to  the south is   a mass of  more recent  granite,   which   penetrates   the  older  strata, and protrudes in places through  the  argillites,   forming    knobs,    and  occasionally basins of granite,  where  denudation   has  done  its work effectively.  This granite, at first boycotted, so to  speak, by prospectors and others, for no  apparent reason beyond insane prejudice, includes within its borders many  now well known mines and propects.  The ore-character, however, is not the  same, although in places galenas predominate as in the slates ,��� consequently  mining in the dry-ore belt, as it is termed, assumes new" and somewhat different phases from that which obtains in  fhe Sandon district. The major portion  of the granite area has been recently  stalled. The work at the Galena Farm,  however, presents many features of  interest, which are certainly deserving  of more than passing mention.  Whatever may be  said or thought  about the merits, of the   mine, or the  action of the promoters in floating the  property with such an enormous capital, i  there can be no doubt that, given op-1  portunities, the company is prepared to  operate on a liberal scale.  They intend  evidently to mine in the true acceptance  of the word, therefore do not hesitate as  so many do about necessary preliminary  expenses.    Their splendidly   timbered  double compartment shaft, now down to  a depth of j2;-30 feet,  would be hard to  beat in any district, and a visit to the  shaft   house,   which   is unique in the  Slocan as regards equipment, well repays   the trouble involved in making  the trip.    Until quite recently buckets  only were used in raising the stuff to the  surface,but the limit having been reached where these could be economically  employed, a  single  deck cage of the  usual "platform type for vertical shafts  has been installed, on which the car is  raised, being held in position during the  operation by two hooks, one of which  is caught in a loop hole on each side of  the car.   The cage is supported by a  round wire rope of medium size, which  passes over a five-foot groove pulley at  an elevation of 42 feet above the shaft  head to a drum four feet in diameter.  This latter, on which the rope is wound,  is of the flat type,   having a flange at  each end.    Power is imparted by means  of twe water wheels, a Pelton and a  Risdon, which correspond in measurement, being-  six   feet across, and are  severed from the Slocan proper, and  included in what is now known as the  Slocan City Mining Division. As, Iioav-  ever, the two regions are largely operated by the same men, and moreover  ���present at least some points of similarity, it may be as well for general purposes to "summarize the whole as the  Slocan, more especially in view of the  fact that by reason of past association  they are ihdissolubly connected in the  public and professional mind.  I commenced by saying that the Slocan .has been known as eminently a  poor" man's country from its earliest dis  covery,   and   one  of the determining  factors to this distinction, omitting for  the present the question of the proximity of high grade ores to the surface, has  been the extreme ease and facility (I  am referring now to the area covered  by the sedimentaries) with which the  ground   could   be  mined by indigent  prospectors themselves,   with   the aid  frequently of merery a pick and shovel,  in   marked  contrast  to the Rossland  camp, where the country rock is abnormally hard.   Such a condition of affairs  naturally, and in one sense fortunately,  militates against   the   introduction  of  heavy and expensive machinery.   This  results not alone   from the fact of machinery being deemed superfluous, but  the conditions tend to keep the locators  from seeking the assistance of outside  capital, without which it is impossible  to go to any great expense in tlie matter.   Tlie favorable nature of the country, however, is only one of a number  of advantages   whicli   this   section   of  Kootenay   possesses  in common with  others.   The general topography and  both connected on the same shaft with  the drum. The power house also contains a boiler and a four-drill compressor, for use when eccasion demands.  Water is brought from the creek  underground in an 18-inch pipe, which  tapers to 16 where. it enters the bulkhead, 200 feet distant from the shaft.  From here it is conducted in nine-inch  pipes to where it impinges on the wheel  through inch and a half nozzles. With  a head of 320 feet, 150 H.P. can be  readily generated, which is ample, not  onlv for hoisting and pumping, but will  suffice to run the concentrator when  erected.  I. regret that I have had no opportunity of personally visiting the Darden-  elles, but I am informed that a Knowles  pump is also in operation there. The  shaft exceeds 200 feet in depth.  I inadvertently omitted to mention  before this, that water raising appliances at the Farm consist of two small  force pumps, one a Cameron and the  other a Knowles, which furnish a continuous discharge through a two-inch  pipe. It is probable, however; that  machinery of greater capacity will be  required as work progesses.  2. Ventilation.���Natural ventilation  is relied on almost exclusively, aud in  present stage of development where the  levels mostly reach davlijrht is all that  disposal will permit of no more than a  hurried reference to the one Jiere mentioned.   It is built on what is known as  the Finlayson plan, and consists of two  stationary ropes,  on which the bucket  carriers run, and an endless rojje below  directing,the motion, attached to which  are the buckets themselves.   The total  length   of   the   tramway   is,   roughly,  6,000 feet, the supporting towers being  erected at suitable intervals, varying' of  course with  the nature of the ground  passed over, amounting,  in one/exceptional case, to as much as 900 feet.   The  usual height of the towers is from 50 to  75 feet.   The buckets carry from four  to six hundred pounds weight, and are  suspeuded at intervals of 250 feet.   The  whole   action   is   automatic, from the  loading to the unloading of the ore, the  rate of speed being controlled by power-  fill brakes on the drums.    When run to  its full -capacity,  over 400 tons can be  handled in a day of 24 hours, at an ap:  proximate expense, exclusive of wear  and tear, I of considerably less than 25  cents per ton, which contrasted with the  old st3--le is an enormous reduction.  4. Preparation   of  the   ore   for   the  market.���Rough sorting is carried on  underground to the extent usually of  sacking the likely looking material,"and  keeping it distinct from what is undeniably waste.    At   the   entrance   to the  tunnels as   beforesaid ore sorters are  stationed, who effect a more complete  separation  by means of an operation  known in Cornwall as cobbing, which  consists merely of breaking the ore on  rock bed with a small hammer, which  is held in the right hand, and picking  out the valuable material, which in this  case is immediately sacked ready for  shipment.   While this arrangement has  its advantages in a small mine, where  sufficient ore is not available to warrant  the erection of a concentrating plant,  and serves to prevent what might otherwise be absolute loss on a shipment, the  tedious and wasteful nature of the performance is at once apparent, and it is  therefore   natural   to   find   the   richer  mines and those having large reserves  of low grade ore which it is impossible  to convert into a shipping product by  these means, have either already adopted, or intend to do so at no distant date,  some form of mechanical concentrator.  Four such plants are now in operation  in the Slocan, namely, at the Slocan  Star, Noble Five, Alamo and Washington mines, and if half those who have  already announced their intention of so  doing' really   erect   concentrators,  at  least six more will have to be added to  the number before the end of this year.  Those above-mentioned have all been  designed and built by the same man,  Mr. Thomas  L.   Mitchell,   and conse-  quetly we shall not be surprised to find  in each a degree of similarity in details  of construction.   Power is supplied in  each case from a Pelton water-wheel  carried to V shaped settling vats, which  supply two double-decked "slime tables  of the circular type, being each 18 feet  in   diameter.    The  other   three sizes  from the trommals pass respectively to  two Hartz jigs.    The middlings from  the   four  coarser  jigs   are then   put  through middling roils,  and pass again  to  the elevator,   while those from tho  other two go to fine rolls, and thence to  elevator No 2, from which it is delivered  to the classifiers.   The middlings from  the Colliim jigs are passed through the  finest rolls, and thence to elevator No.  2 on their* way to the classifiers again.  The finished material  is taken to bins,  where it is allowed to drain thoroughly  before   being  sacked,   preparatory  to  shipment.  The Noble Five mill differs little in  general principles from that at the Star.  The one'at the Washington, which gained distinction from being the first built  in the Slocan, is also of somewhat the  same pattern. At the Alamo a Comet  crusher is employed in lieu o: the  Blake at the others. Another difference  consists in the fact that the middlings  from the jigs pass.to a Huntington mill  for further comminution instead of rolls.  Lake Superior classifers are used and  three are four double decked slime  tables as against two in the newer mills.  The   introduction   of  Collum  evels mostly reach daylight is all  can be desired.   In one instance which  came under my notice at the Enterprise  mine, a small fan stationed at the foot  of an upraise is propelled by power obtained from water which is conducted  direct from the surface.   This furnishes  quite a current of air, and being inexpensive and extremely simple of construction, might, I should imagine, be  copied with advantage at other mines.  3. Transportation.   The ore is hand  sorted asa rule at the mouth of each  tunnel, ancl there being no necessity to  concentrate it all at one point on the  surface, shoots are generally employed  to conduct the material from the sto'pes  to the level below,- and very rarely is  local hoisting gear of any description  required.    For clearing- out the. tunnels  wheelbarrows are mostly used in the  initial stages, but as tho" workings become ino.ie advanced, ancl the necessity  arises,'rails-are put down.   Sometimes  these consist merely of strap iron laid  flat on the runner, but more frequently  perhaps of rectangular steel rails stand  although the water supply is occasion-  natural contour of the ground admits I }nS' on edge.   The common guage is 20  'of the most economical exploitation ancl  development by a system of horizontal  tunnelling, consequently each opening  serves not only to remove the ore, biit  acts also in the capacity of an adit, so  that the necessity for introducing  elaborate hoisting' and pumping machinery is obviated at the start.  In those important respects Kootenay  is to be warmly congratulated, and it  would be well for intending-investors to  bear this in mind when considering the  relative merits of other localities.  Coming to the consideration of the  original subject, namely, the machinery  now in use, we will divide it roughly,  for convenience, into four classes: 1.  That used -in breaking ground. 2.  For hoisting, pumping ancl ventilation  purposes. 3. In transportation. 4. In  preparation of the ore for the market.  1. As previously observed, the slate  wherein most of the shipping mines are  found is extremely soft and easy of  working, and  therefore it is not "sur-  fn-ising to find that rock drills are in a  ittle demand; in addition, the veins  usually contain small but rich chutes of  ore, arid the object is to extract these  with as little breakage as possible. In  the granite area, where drills would be  an unquestionable advantage, more  especially in driving long cross-cuts,  few mines are as yet sufficiently advanced to warrant "their introduction,  but doubtless iu the future we shall  hear of many properties, in the working  ancl development of which they are  destined to play an important part.  The only instance of the contemplated  use of rock-drills iu the Slocan which  have come under my notice are at the  Galena Farm and "the Slocan Star.  Each of these mines is equipped with a  four-drill compressor, but in the former  instance no drills have so far been connected, although the ground is fairly  hard, while at the Star they have, I  understand, only been employed intermittently, more" as an experiment than  anything else.  2. Hoisting and pumping.���These two  are considered together, because conditions which effect the one almost invariably effect the other also. On account  of "the sloping nature of the ground  which exists at practically all the mines,  neither hoisting nor pumping is necessary. In some few instances where  winzes are sunk, having no connection  with the surface except at the upper  end, a bucket attached to an ordinary  hand windlass is sufficient to cope with  the water, and also to raise the ore and  waste. True shafts are, generally  -speaking, conspicuous by their absence,  but may be observed at the Arlington,  Galena Farm and the Dardenelles. A  boiler has been recently conveyed to  the former, which it is proposed to use  for hoisting and pumping purposes, but  as yet the plant lias ~;riot beeii fully in-  inches. to suit  the wagons,  which are  made of steel, and hold something less  than ia ton, depending* on the spacilic  gravity of the material trammed. Some  slope to the front, and are so arranged  that they can be tipped at both end and  sides; others again are almost square  in longitudinal section, the front being  designed to open on hinges, while when  closed it is kept in position by a vertical  bolt.   Human   power only is used for  underground transport, and can hardly  be improved upon under present con-  j ditions.   To convey the ore clown the  j'mountain side to the railway,  packing  on   mules' backs   was    the   primitive  method   originally   employed,   and   is  still used to some extent.  An exception  was made in the winter, when raw-  hiding was permissible if the trail was  in sufficiently good condition.   With the  construction" of   wagon   roads   to   the  mines this was improved upon to ���hauling* in .wagons in the summer and in  sleighs in the winter.   As   the   mines  developed and became capable of larger  and more regular production,  a   new  and enlightened era began to dawn on  the   industry,   which   gradually burst  from its cloud'of obscurity, and invoked  the aid of machinery in' lessening the  expenses incident to'these old-fashioned  methods.   It is  but natural that any  developments should  take place along  the line of the   utilization of   gravity,  and the arrangement which has found  most general acceptance so  far is the  three-rail gravity   tramway,  which in  the  eyes ot mine owners would appear  to   present   marked advantages   over  others, judging by the frequency of its  adoption.     Those already constructed  may be seen at the following mines :  The Slocan Star,  Payne, Washington,  Alamo and Alpha.    The arrangement  differs in no particular from that ordinarily employed elsewhere.  A wire rope,  to which the cars are attached, passes  over a drum at the upper end,  being  supported   on  the ground by wooden  rollers.   Switches are made at suitable  intervals for the cars to  pass, ancl the  weight of the descending car filled with  ore suffices to pull up the empty on the  other end, which may be loaded up to  a certain limit with materials for the  mine.   A brake is of course attached to  the drum above, and  the speed can be  regulated at will by the operator.    It is  sometimes found inconvenient to have  the rope too long,  and for that reason  the line at the Alamo is divided into  two  portions,  each about %,500 feet in  length, the ore being dumped down a  shoot into the car below, at the junction of the sections.  Another   method   of  which is gaining   favor,  adoption and   successful  the   Noble   Five 'Co. at  bucket system or  ire, as eyerbody  ally found insufficient," "and at rare  intervals freezes, necessitating a temporary closure. At the Star a 40 HP.  engine and boiler provides against any  such conting-ency. The heads of water  obtainable at the different works are as  follows: Alamo, 224 feet; Star, 471  feet; Noble Five, 562 feet; the Washington measurement I have been un  able to obtain.  The ore i.s delivered to the mill by  means of a wire ropewaj-" at the Noble  Five, while at each of the other a three-  rail gravity tramway its employed.  Bins from 150 tons capacity at the Star  and Noble Five, to 1,500 at" the Alamo,  receive the ore, which then passes over  a grizzly direct to the crusher. This  consists of a nine by fifteen Blake (Reliance pattern) at the Star and Noble  Five, of a four by ten Blake at the  Washington, and a small Comet at the  Alamo.  As it would be tedious to describe  each mill in detail, I will give a general  description of that at the Star, which I  recently had the honor of- inspecting  thoroughly, and explain wherein the  others differ. After passing through the  crusher into a receiving bin below, the  ore is supplied to two sets of coarse rolls  by means ot an automatic cam feeder;  from here it is raised through an endless  elevator to a revolving screen, which  separates it into four products. That  passing through tho smallest mesh of  three vn.in. is conveyed at once to  hydraulic classifiers, which effect a  separation into three parts.  The material from here is sent direct  to six Collum jigs,  the overflow being  introduction ot Uollum jigs as  auxiliaries to the Hartz, is only to be  observed in the later patterns. ���'��� The  Star and Noble Five mills have a daily  capacity of 150 tons of crude ore for the  24 hour's, but the other two being smaller, are only designed to put thorugh  one-third of this amuunt.  One feature worthy of mention iu  view of recent controversy on the subject, is that all are situated on side hills  and are carefully arranged so as to  obtain the'maximum assistance from  gravity in transporting the ore from  one operation to another  All of the concentrators work satisfactorily on the class of ore for which  they are intended.   There is unfortunately sometimes a lamentable though  unavoidable loss of  silver in the tailings, due to the fine state of subdivision  land the friable nature of tlie associated  minerals particularly certain varieties  of copper and antimony.   At one time  the tailings from the Star were reported  in the local papers to assay up to 22  ounces in silver, but this was doubtless  exaggerated, as much of the original  ore is" of   lower grade than this.   The  loss of lead is trifling and the separation  from zinc-blende leaves little to be desired.    The degree of  perfection  obtained necessarily depends largely on  economic    considerations,   and   there  seems little prospect in the near future  of effecting a more, thorough saving in  values than is done at present.,.. The  zinc in most  cases  would not pay for  shipment even if it were in sufficient  quantity, and the mills could be adapted to retain it. The flouring of the grey  copper  and   antimonial  combinations  can hardly be avoided and there is a  consequent loss,   to recover  which is  next to impossible. ���  In order to omit nothing of interest I  wish to refer incidentally in closing to  the sluicing operations at the Wonderful and also to the use made of a small  eastern manufacturers to come to the  front, and demonstrate beyond a doubt  that these ores can be economically  handled right at the -'mines; grea"t  caution is necessary more 'especially in  the details of design and construction to  insure success, but I am confident that  no difficulties are of an insurmountable  nature, and I therefore respectfully  submit this for the consideration of ail  interested in the future welfare of the  country, whether financially or professionally.  In concluding. I hardly feel it incumbent upon me to apologize for the  manifold shortcomings and possible  errors which may have crept into mv  paper unobserved. I have tried to  avoid doubtful statements as much as  possible; but our worthy Secretary will  bear me out when I s;iy that I "have  contributed this under difficulties and  was only persuaded to make the effort  on the assurance that any minor slips  would be pardoned.  That the Slocan is destined to become  a marvellous producer of the precious  metals under more favorable conditions, greater even than present returns  appear to warrant, no one who has  thoroughly examined the district will  venture to' deny. The responsibility  which devolves upon the engineer in  the matter, is manifestly proportional  to the greatness of the industry and it  therefore behooves investors to use the  greatest care in the selection of themen  who are to help build up and control  the staple industry of our western province.  Rosebery  The  northern  connecting point of  the C. P. R. on Slocan Lake.  Rosebery  Has the only  Slocan City.'  safe harbor north of  Just received, a large consignment of  Men's, Youth's and Boys' Ready Made  Clothing. Prices compatible with the  present financial depression.  Bourne Bros.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Kaslo Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  one mile east of Cody on the south fork of  Carpenter Creek.  rjlAKE NOTICE that I, W. D. McKay, acting  J.    asagent for D. E.  Sprague, free miner's  certificate No. 97531 and John S. Parker, free  miner's certificate No. 77789, intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certifieare of improvements for the  purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th dav of January, 1898.  Rosebery  It is at Roseber5-T where the beautiful Sloean steamer ties up over night  and where the employees can brings  their families.  Rosebery  Lots were put on the market June 28  and are selling fast. You. cannot  afford to wait if you want a lot. They  are going up.  Rosebery  Men are now grading and clearing-  the townsite, and several buildings  are about to be erected.  Rosebery  Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Rosebery  Will become the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having- abundance  of water and being easy of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  Rosebery  Terms, J cash; balance three and six  months.  For full particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General Affen  Oi'o Mineral Claim.  gasoline engine at one of the mines.  In the former instance as many are  aware, regular sluicing operations have  been carried on, with the result that a  large amount of galena in the shape of  rocks and small boulders has been recovered from the loose overlying deposit and shipped to the smelter.  At the Pavne which is now by far the  largest producer in the Slocan, a gasoline engine is regularly employed to  work a small crusher which renders  rough ore sampling comparatively easy.  That engines of tins type will receive  more general attention from mine own-  Situated  in the Slocan Mining Division   of  West Kootenay District.    Where looated:  About one mile east of Cody on the south  fork of Carpenter Creek  rr>AKE NOTICE that I, W. D. McKay, acting  1    as agent for D. E.'Sprague, free miner's cer  ficate No. 97531, and John S. Parker, free miner's  certificate No. 77,739, intend sixty days from the  date hereof to apply to tlie Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice, that action under section 37. must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 13th dav of January, 1898.  Alma No. 2 Mineral Claim.  ers when the large number of uses to  which they can be put are thoroughly  understood, goes, I think, without saying.  I should not be doing my duty if I  allowed this opportunity to pass without  some reference to the "demands of the  Slocan Lake section of the country.  Here is found a large variety of ores the  majority of which are palpably adapted  to local treatment in preference to  smelting. The introduction of properly  designed mills, the suitability of whicli  for the purpose having- been fully established beforehand, would give a  tremendous impetus to the mining industry and largely increase the,present  output    Here is   an   opportunity   for  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  one mile east of Cody on the south fork of  Carpenter Creek.  TAKE NOTICE that I. W. D. McKay, acting  as agent for D. E. Sprague, free miner's certificate No. 97531, and John S Parker, free  miner's certificate Nc. 77739, intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 13th day of January, 1898.  Coiniskey Mineral Claim.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  _RAILWAY.  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  East  or  West.  Steamer leaves Nakusp every  morning, making close connection  at Revelstoke with train? or  all points East or "West.  before you travel get information from  C.P.R.   Agents as to time and,  rates.   It will save you money  Apply to nearest Railway Agent  or to  H. DOUGLAS, Agent.  H. M. MacGregor,   Trav. Pass Agt,  Nelson,   or to E.  J.  Coyle,  Dist.  Pass. Agt, Vancouver, B. C.  ai  rani  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On  the Galena Farm, adjoining the Peerless  mineral claim on tlie north.  TAKE NOTICE that I. Francis J. O'Reilly of  Silverton, B. C, as agent for the'Galena  Mines Ldj (Foreign) Free Miner's Certificate No.  729o A., intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Alining Recorder for a certificate of  improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certiiicate of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of February, 1S9S.   FRANCIS T. O'REILLY.  .Hum bo It   Mineral    Claim.  k  Situate in the Slocan Alining Division of West  Kootenay district. Where located: On Four  Mile Creek, an extension of the Vancouver  No. 2.  'PAKE NOTICE that I, F. S. Andrews, agent  1 for W. H. Hellvar, Free Miner's Certificate  No. I15S A, intend sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for tlie purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this .Ith day of November, 1897.  F. S. ANDREWS,  Agent for W. H. Hellyar.  Mammoth Mineral Claim.  Nelson &Ft. Sheppard  fted  Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  trausportaion  owing- to its  operation by  Cody, is the  au-ial ropeway. There  is .aware, many, types  RESTAURANT  In NEW DENVER is always ready to do  business. It has never closed its doors  on account of the little financial breezes  that blow adversely occasionally in the  Silvery Slocan. The weary and hungry  pilgrim has always been able to get his  wants, and in consequence they call again  when in town. Keep your eye on the  Sunday dinners.  JACOBSON & CO.  Situate in the Sloean Mining Division of West  Kootenay    District.     Where located:    Adjoining the Mountain Chief, Carpenter Creek.  T��AKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg, agent  L    for John A. Finch, Free Miner's Certificate  No. 1671 A., Alfred W. MeCune. Free Miner's Certilicate No. 61727 and George W. Hughes, Free  Miner's Certificate No. 64*075, intend sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate   of improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before tlie  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 13th day of January, 1898.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Leave.  9:20 a.m.  12:00 "  8:00 a.m.  Daily, Except Sunday.  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  Arrive.  5:35 p.m  2:50   "  6:40 p.m.  Kaslo and  Close connection with Steamers for  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  KASLO & SLOGAN-RY  TIME CARD  Badger State   Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Near  the town of Sandon.  ���TAKE NOTICE That I, George Alexander, free  1 miner's certificate No. 7-IOikj, intend 60 days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  tlie above claim.  And further take notice that action under  section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 4th day of January, 1808.  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  NOTICE.  Leave 8 00 A.M  "   8 36 "  "    9 36 "  "    >.) ol "  '* 10 03 "  " 10 18 "  " 10 38 "  Arr. 10 50 "  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngr.  GEO. F.  Arrive, 3 50  "       3 15  Kaslo  South Fork  Sproule's *'*  \\ hitewatar "  Bear Lake "  McGuigan "  Cody Junction "  Sandon Leave  P.M  15  00  ���48  33  12  00  of wire tramways,  bu.t tl^e t|nie...-��t'niy  NOTICE is hereby given that 90 days after date  I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner  of Lands and Work's for permission to purchase  the following parcel of land situated on the  east side of Slocan Lake, Slocan Mining Division,  West Kootenay District, commencing at the  southwest post of A. M. Wilson's pre-emption,  thence running north 40 chains, thence running  west to the Nakusp & Slocan Railway right of  way, thence running south along the line of the  Nakusp & Slocan Railway right of way to the  northwest corner of the townsite of Rosebery,  thence east to tbe point of commencement, containing 80acres, more or less.  Dated, Nov. 28th, 1897.  A. M. BEATTIE.  NOTICE  DITTS BROS., of Silverton, Three Forks and  I Sondon, having assigned for the benefit of  their creditors, all accounts due the estate and  not paid forthwith will be proceeded against in  the courts fo- recovery of same.  Signed��� HOWARD CHAPMAN,  Assignee.  COPELAND,  Superintendent  For cheap railroad and steamship tickets to  and from all points, apply to  S.  CAMPBELL, Agent, Sandon.  k  SCHEDULE.  Effective Nov. 33, 1S��7.  EAST-HOUND.  P.M.    P.M.    P.M.  No.4  No.6  2:30  12:55    1:15  12:00m  main  line  No.2  8:00  1YESTROUNr.>.  P.M.    P.M.    P.M.  No.5  No.3  No.l  3-45 9:00.... ROBSON  5:00   2:00   10:00 TRAIL 7:00  3:15   11:15..ROSSLAND... 6:00  Nos. land 2 connect with C.P.R.  steamers, and trains to and from Nelson at Robson.  Nos, 3 and 4 are local trains between Trail and  Rossland.  Nos. 5 and (5 arc local trains between Trail  and Robsnn. No. 6 connects with train No. 4  from Rossland.  All trains daily.  F. P. GUTELIUS, Gen. Supt.  mMimwmmsmtmimimiwBiMmia! THE LEDQE, NEW DENVER, B.C., FEBRUARY 24, 1898.  Fifth Yeak  MINING   RECORDS.  The following is a complete list, of the  mining transactions recorded during the  M-eek in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Derive- were  as follows:���  ASSESSMENTS.'  Fek 1��  Hope.  Feb 18���R D Fractional,Pleasant View.  CEltTlKICATK  OF   IMPROVEMENTS.  Feu 21���Napier, Felly,  Fraction, Ricardo.  Silver Star. Vancouver  TKAXSEEUS.  Feb 14���Iiigersoll, Chas Tunks to Willis F  Coko and Wm E Cropp, Jan 22.  Feb 18���Emily Edith Fraction, Eagle, Eagle  Fraction, Iron Clap, agreement to sell for rl,5!��o,  Chas McNichoi Perry Attafer, Alber Wilds,  Percy Attaffer to E Rarnmehneyer.Feb 12.  Paymaster J, Jubileo l/G, J H Douglas to Frederick Swaminell. Feb 10, $2.  Standard }, Angus Matheson to Palma An-  grignon,Feb 17.  Feb 19���Noonday and Curley, Power of At"  torney, W G Spencer to Chas MeXieholl, July 27-  SLOCAN    CITY    DIVISION.  an entertainment of the evening of  March 5th. The program is not fully  compiled at present, but it is understoocl  the entertainment will be one of the best  ever given in the Slocan by local talent,  and the eating end of the evening's  pleasures���but its unnecessary to mention this for the ladies of New Denver  are far-famed for putting up a good  evening's grub stake.  BISAT    THK    KOTHSCHIT.DS.  TKANSFEUS.'  .   Feb 10���Bulko .',. to Jas Melly, .sSK'-fiO.  Empire Xo 7 A. i Frank Sonssi to Andrew Provost.        ���    ���    "..  Feb u���Speculator J, Thos Kilpatrick to RJ  Kirkwood.  Feb 14���Dututh   \,   W R  Clement to  Daniel  Mowat.  Feb 15���Catardin 2/27 John S Thomas to II C  Rolden. ..    AINSWORTH   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Feb'.(���Loudon, John Allan.  Feb 17���Vera, W F Traves.  ASSESSMENTS.  Feb M���Kootenay Star, Controller.  Feb 15��� Pearl.  Feb 18��� Mammoth.  OEBT1FICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  Feb 18���Mountain Goat No 2.  TRANSFERS.  Feb 9���Almeda and Sir Charles J, Pat J Bryne,  George Smith, D L Smith. J C Brown to George  Alexander.  Feb 10���Romeo, Thurso, Trilby, Gatineau and  Buckingham. J O Kendall to H Giegerich, ��75.  Gay Bird, James Ryard to, W A Abbott and  Thomas Farquhar.  Feb 11���Hillhurst J. ;Randall McLachran to  John McLachran.  Tiger l/G, David B Gibson; to Adolphus Williams.  Defender, Rovenue, Howard. Revenue, certificate of satisfaction of gold commissioner to Geo  Alexander.  Feb 14���Minnesota--J, Howard Richardson to  Robt J Stenson.  Feb 15���The Olivia, The Viola, The Tipton,  The Gant, Kamopolis l/G. H M Zoem to S T  Laird, $100.  Feb 18���Death's Head, A P Lueton to Columbia Mining Co, Ltd Lia.  Deer Horn, i, Gus Lofsted to Andrew Norgren.  l|inillllllinillllHilll!inillll!!lllllllillllllll!IIIIlli!lll!ll!l!llllllll!lllllffli%  I NEWS IN PLACE I  Charley Kauff man has opened an hotel  in Moyea City.  Bartlett Bros, are operating their pack  trains at Skagway.  Clement and McDougald are building  an hotel at Cariboo City.  M. G. MeLeod has gone to the Coast  where he will reside in the future.  The Wakefield will likely start operations next week, with a small force of  men.  There is no truth in the newspaper report about the Enterprise, on Ten Mile,  being sold.  The force on the Payne was laid off  last week owing to the lack of shipping  accommodation.  Billy Sanders, of Kaslo has opened an  hotel at Kuskanook. There are now  seven hotels in that mushroom town.  ,*.. Services will be held in the Methodist  church next Sunday, Feb. 27. Morning  at 11 and evening 7:15. Preacher R. N.  Powell.  Over 50 men are working on the Queen  Bess, and this number will be increased  as soon as more accommodations can be  provided.  The Spokane Miner and Electrician is  now published weekly. It is edited by  Percy Godenrath, formerly of Kaslo  and New Denver.  Divine service in the Presbyterian  church on Sunday, Feb. 27, at 11 a. m.  and 7:15 p.m. All are invited to attend.  W. J. Booth, preacher.  11. 0. Alexander will next week remove his law office from New Denver to  . \Tancouver.    A   host of Slocan  friends  wish him success in the citj'of his birth.  A pleasant evening was spent Tuesday evening at the home of Mr. and  Mrs. Frank Pyman by the Sunday  school choir and the senior members of  the school.  Montreal, Feb. 10. (Special in Toronto  World.)���For once the Rothschilds, the  famous London bankers, have been  beaten in a mighty struggle to secure a  charter for a Yukon Kailway enterprise. The experience for them is. said  to be novel. The humble individuals  who seem to enjoy a bigger pull with  the Laurier Government are none other  than Messrs. Mann and Mclven-zie, who  have secured the contract for building  a narrow gauge road from Telegraph  Creek to Teslin Lake, a distance of  about 150 miles, at a subsidy of 25,000  acres of mineral hind per mile. Members of Parliament, being aware that  the contract was entered into without  tender, will be somewhat startled to  learn that the Rothschilds, while waiving all monopoly, offered to build a railway into the gold region for a subsidy  of 5,000 acres of mineral land per mile,  at least two months before the Mann-  Mclven/.ie syndicate was organized.  Messrs. Hamilton Smith and Henry  Bratnober,  the representatives of the  Rothschilds,   are   in   tlie city.    Their  principals proposed for the consideration mentioned above to   construct a  railway inland [rom   Pyramid Harbor  via the Dalton trail, a distance of 1UU  miles, to ,ia point where there is open  navigation   down J stream   to   Dawson  City.   The nominal objection that Pyramid Harbor is in Alaska, and that the  road would traverse a short strip of the  United States territory, is offset by the  compensating advantages of the Dalton  over the other route they claim.   Pyramid Harbor,  it seems, is- open (all the  year, and possesses better harbor accommodation than Fort Wrangel (in American  territory),   where  in   any   event  future  travelers  to   the  Yukon gold  fields via the Stikine River���Mann-Mc-  Kenzie  route���-will   be   compelled   to  disembark on arrival from Seattle,Vancouver or Victoria.   Access to the projected   railway   can   only   be   had by  traversing United States' territory, unless the railway is extended a 100* miles  further   southward   from   the  Stikine  River to the nearest  harbor in British  territory.   The mouth of that river, of  course,  is in American territory, but  Canadians have an equal right to navigate it. !  The Rothschilds, after a careful examination of every available route by  their engineers and explorers last summer, came to the conclusion, all things  considered, that the Dalton route was  the best and shortest route, even if it  did cross a short strip of American territory. The proposition to build a line  starting from a point on the British Columbia seaboard was scarcely considered, as, owing to the international  boundary, which for a long distance  follows the sinuosities of the "coast at a  distance of 30 miles therefrom, the railways would have to start at a point  several hundred miles south of the  mouth of the Stikine River.  Any such railway in conjunction with  the loO miles to be built by the Mann-  McKenzie'syndicate, together with a  link representing the distance approximately from the mouth of the Stikine  River to Telegraph Creek, would represent over 600 miles of railway���an impossible scheme if the rapid and early  development of the Klondike region is  taken into consideration  The Rothschilds,  conclusion that the terminus of any  projected railway would have to reach  tidewater, gave Pyramid Harbor the  preference. The engineers reported  adversely on the navigability of the  Stikine in summer, and its utter use-  lessness in winter. It is the only route  by which the Mann-Mclvenzie Railway  can be reached. The engineers of the  Rothschilds report that the Stikine River  is navigable for about two months in the  year. There are enormous Hoods in  the spring, with water so low in August  that shallow steamboats have to wear  "legs" to assist them over the sand  bars. In canoes, while going up the  stream,   live   days   were   occupied  in  some organ, but have they added to the  useful knowledge of the race !  It is not necessary for a man to be a  specialist in order to have and express  his opinion as to the right or wrong of  vivisection. It is not necessary to be a  scientist or a naturalist to detest cruelty  and to love mercy, Above all the inventions of the 'ingenious, above all the  victories won on fields of intellectual conflict, rise human sympathy and a sense:  of justice.  I know that good for the human race  can never be accomplished by torture. I  also know that all that has been ascertained by! vivisection could have been  ascertained by the dissection of the dead.  I know that all the torture has been useless. All the agony inflicted has simply  hardened the hearts of the criminals,  without enlightening their minds.  It may be that the human race might  be physically improved if all sickly and  deformed babies were killed, and if all  the paupers, liars, drunkards, thieves,  villains, and vivisectionists were .murdered. All this might, in a few ages,  result in the production of a generation  of physically perfect men and women;  but what would such beings be worth���  men and women healthy and heartless,  muscular and cruel���that is to say, intelligent wild beasts ?  Never can I be the friend of one who  vivisects his fellow-creatures. I do not  wish to touch his hand.  When the angel of pity is driven from  the heart; when the fountain of tears is  dry, the soul becomes a serpent crawling  in the dust of a desert.  Thanking you for the good you are  doing, and wishing you the greatest success, I remain, yours always,  ���R. G. Ingkhsoli,.  Increase Your Business and Make Money  Fu�� Prices.   Correct Selection  HANDLING  Ropes and Tag* Furnished Freei  IMMEDIATE REMITTANCES.  Hides,Pelts,Wool,  TALLOW; GINSENG, SENECA.  Writer Circular giving Latest Market Prices  JAS. MCMILLAN & CO.,  200  NO COMMISSION   CH    / r C E L  ���212 FIRST AVE. NORTH.  inc. ^Minneapolis, Minn.  XOT1CK.  longer  Mr. H. L: Nicholson  is no  in our employ-  Bourne Bros,  Nakusp, 12th Feb., 1898.  Port of Nakusp  THOS. ABR1EL  CUSTOns BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  An Open Letter.  Camp, Feb. 1, 1898.  C. F. Nelson, Druggist, New  Denver:  Dear Sir: Allow met:)  hereby express my sincere  appreciation of your kindness in having recommended  me to use FAX'S SARSAP-  ARILLA.  I have used many blood  purifiers, but never have I  met with anything so beneficial as Fax's Sarsaparilla.  I have only taken two bottles  yet and already feel like a  new man. By the time I  have taken the six bottles I  bought of you I will report  again.  Wishing you all success,  Tint they will send no  mure.lo the T. Katun Co  for Dry Goods and  Furnishings: as the  jrood-s cost nnK'li more  . when landed in Xew  Denver; besides, they  are often old and sliulf-  woni and they seldom  �� ji-et what they order.  But���  Different Here  Our goods are new and  of the best quality; tlic  patterns are of the latest  designs, and, above all,  Our Prices are Right.  N. B���We are offering a tine line of Ladies'  ./ iehets, Boys' and Men's Overcoats and Pea-  .Jae... t3. below anything' ever belore offered in  tlie biocan. Call "and examine out* goods and  satisfy yourselves.  McLachlan & McKay,  Xew Denver.  Nakusp, B. C.  J.R.& B. Gameron  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing  ���: in the:���-  '-.-   Latest Style  ���  . ���: of the :���  SANDON, B  Tailors    R#k.     j|||  I remain,  C.O.Dl  Yours truly,  John S. N-���  having- reached the  Goods called  for & Delivered  Has an  Immense  Stock of .........  RE*DY-MADE  AUNDRY  BOOTS & SHOES  No necessity tor  freezing: to death  if you have a few  dollars to invest in  this kind of stock.  Call in.  The prices will astonish you.  &  WHOLESALE GROCERS  Agents for B, O. Sugar Refinery and Royal  City 'Planing .-Mills."  going' 90 miles.    "Lining" and towing-  were resorted to at 20 places in one day.  HELL    OF    SCIKNCE  that young-  D. R. Young- has purchased the plant  of the deceased Slocan'City Pioneer,  and removed it to Moyea Gity where he  will publish a paper." This will be sad  news for the inhabitants of  and beautiful town.  The Pioneefc'. of Slocan City, has gone  up the flume, and its late editor, Richard  Butler has g'one to Spokane. Dick is a  talented writer, a g-enial companion, and  a man who will make friends wherever  he elevates his headgear.  The ollice fixtures nnd electrical supplies of J. A. McDonald were seized  this week by J. C Bolander for rent.  The electric light plant has been shut  down for the past six weeks, owing- to  the lack of wood and various other  causes.  Walter L. Crone, who has been with  11. A. Nelson & Sons, of Montreal, for  the past 23 years, was in Kootenay last  week Mr." Crone is heavily interested  in the Texada Kirk Lake Gold Mines  Co. now operating on Texada Island,  and it is quite likely that he will strike  it rich when development work  up the property.  The New Denver Athletic Club will  g'ive "an entertainment on the 17th of  March in Clever's Hall. The program  will consist of boxing', club and dumb  bell swinging', fencing, comic singing-  and many other features that will be  appreciated by the audience. The proceeds will be "used for improving- the  the gymnasium and no doubt the house  will oe filled from the footlights to the  box office. A dance will follow the  stage performance and an enjoyable  time is promised all those who attend.  On Mondav night a meeting was held  in the schoof house to discuss ways and  means of raising funds to pay off the  balance owing on the school house property, and it was finally agreed to hold  the  Robert G.  Ingersoll has written  following letter against vivisection :  Philip G. Peabody, Boston, Mass.���  My Dear Friend: 'Vivisection is the inquisition���the hell���of science.   All the  cruelty  whicli the   human���or, rather,  the   inhuman���heart  is capable of  inflicting, is in this one word.    Below this  there is no depth.    This word lies like a  coiled serpent at the bottom of the abyss.  We can excuse,   in part, the crimes of  | passion.    We take into consideration the  i fact that man is liable to be caught by  the whirlwind, and that from a brain on  fire the soul rushes to a crime.  Butwhat  I excuse can ingenuity form for a man who  i deliberately���with an unaccelerated pulse  I ���with the calmness  of John  Calvin at  ���the   murder   of   Hervetus���seeks,   with  curious and cunning knives, in the living,  I quivering flesh of a dog, for all the throb-  ' bing nerves of pain ?    The wretches who  j commit these  infamous  crimes pretend  l that they are  working  for the good of  man ; that they are actuated  by philanthropy; and that  their  pity for tbe sufferings of the human race drives out all  pity for the animals  they slowly torture  to death.    But those who are incapable  of pitying animals are as a matter of fact,  incapable of pitying  men.    A physician  shows i who would cut a live  rabbit in pieces���  ; laying bare  the  nerves, denuding them  with knives, pulling  them out with forceps���would  not hesitate to try experiments  with   men   and   women for  the  gratification of his curiosity.  To settle some theory he would trifle  with the life of any patient in his power.  By the same reasoning he will justify the  vivisection of animals and patients. He  will say that it is better that a few animals should suffer than that one human  being should die; and that it is far better that one patient should die,if through  the sacrifice of that one, several may be  saved.  Brain without heart is far more dangerous than heart without brain.  Have these scientific assassins discovered anything of value ? They may have  Bettled some disputes as to the action of  We are now m a  position to give  thoroughly sat-  isfactorv service  and solicit vour  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc All  business cash on  delivery.  Work bone on Short Notice.  C. M. NESBITT, Prop.  ���tfsS'-'Rates furnished Hotels,   Steamboat Companies, etc, on application.  El Dorada Ave.  TIia       108 Bishopsgate St.  British L0ND0N'ENG-  Subscri] **'  Columbia.  Review  Wholesale nnd HcUul  'CALLUM & MILLSPAUGH  Dealers in  Hardware,   Tin   and   Graniteware  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  SLOCAN CITY, B.C.  -VEW DENVER and SILVERTON.  Fresh and Salt Meats  Poultry, Eggs, Etc  SHOPS AT  ALL IMPORTANT  KOOTENAV.  POINTS  IN  ASSESSMENT     ACT     AND  REVENUE   TAX  PROVINCIAL  ACT.  Subscription, fej.-yi peraiinum  (i Brokers, Mining  Engineers, owners of  Miiiinir claims. >[in-  iiiK*   Engineers. Assayers.  ���loiirualists aiul others:���  A<1 vm-liso in I .Ins  only represent uti v��  Kuropf.  '.    lt<!Vi��!\V,      'I.'lit  <J.   Journal    iii  A Good Investment  IF YOU ARE ENERGETIC & STRONG  If you an; above foolish prejudice -against canvassing for a jroo.'l hook, write and get my proposition.   Tin-information will cost nothing.  I have put hundreds of ���men  in  the wav of  making money: some of whom are now rich.  I can do.Rood things for you, if you are honorable and will work hard.  T. S. LINSCOTT, Toronto.  Nelson   Division   of  West.  Kootenay  District.  NOTICE,  "VTOTICE is hereby given that 30 days from date  Il we will apply to the Stipendiary Magistrate  of West Kootenay for a license to sell liquor at  retail at our hotel in Cariboo Citv, West Kootenay, B. C. CLEMENS & McDOUOALl).  Cariboo City. B. C, Feb. ".th, 1898.  FEED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line of guitinffs and  Trouserings aJwavs on hand.  \rOTICK IS HEREBY GIVEN in accordance.  1\ witli the Statutes, that Provincial Revenue  Tax. and all taxes levied under the Assessment.  Act, are now due for the year lsus. All the  above named taxes collectible within tin; Division of Nelson, West Kootenay District.  Assessment taxes arc  collectible at the following rates, viz:  If paid on or before .lime :*0th. I8iis������  Three-tilths of one per cent, on real propcri v.  Two and one-half percent, on assesssd value  of wild land.  One-half of one tier cent,  nn   personal property.  On so much of the  income nf any per-on as  exceeds one thousand  dollars the following  rates, namely:     Upon   such excess of iu-  come when the same  is not more than ten  thousand dollars, mie per cent.: when such  excess i.s over ten thousand dollars and less  than twenty thousand dollars, one and one-  quarter of one pei* cent.:   when such excess  is over twenty thousand dollars, one and  one-half per cent.  If paid after 1st July. 18!ts���  Four-fifths of one per cent, mi  real property.  Three per c.enI. on the assessed value of wild  land.  Three-fourths of one per cent, on personal prou-  erty.  On so much of the  income of any person as  exceeds one thousand dollars, the following  rates, namely:    Upon such excess when the  ������-anie is not more than ten thousand dollars,  one and one-quarter of one percent.;   when  such excess is over ten thousand dollars and  less than twenty thousand dollars, one and  one-half of one jier cent.:   when such excess  is over twenty thousand dollars, one and  three-quarters of one per cent.  Provincial Revenue Tax, -SS.fH, per capita  JOHN   KEEN,  Assessor and Collector.  Kaslo, Feb. --th, 1898.  Sell "Klokdikk Gold    _ Fields" like a whirlwind. Prospectus 25 cents, worth $1. Big pay.  Capital unnecessary.  Brajilky-Gar-kktbon CoxrAitr, Limited,  Toroato.  Silverton  Drug  Store-fHiMi,  Drugs  and  Stationery,  Toilet  Articles,  Sundries,  Trail  Blazer Cigars.  R.O Matheson,  Proprietor,  Silverton,  t.  -.������?/  ocan  NEW  DENVER, B.C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their .payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  New Denyer, B.C.  The  Best Rooms  Offered to the  public  are to be found in tins  of New Denver  Columbia House  ami  Warm,   quiet  Board by th  hard-linished   throughout,  day, week or  month,  Xo Bar in connection.  Sixth St., Xew Denver.  X. C. DING MAX.  AMOS THOMPSON,  Manager.  R.  B. THOMPSON,  W.  D.  MITCHELL  Secretary.  Notary Public.  TIOlSOl.lCMlfTilSOB  NEW DENVER, B.C.  Mines and Mining Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co.  of London, Bng.  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  arge  And  Comfortable  Jooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  The  Nakusp,  Is a comfortable hotel for travellers  to stop at.  Mrs. McDeugald. 

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