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The Ledge Jan 13, 1898

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 L 5  Volume V.   No. 15.  NEW DENVER, B. C, JANUARY 13, 1898.  Price, $2 00 Year  WortcBeFopfc Record..  In a short conversation during the  summer last past with the editor of the  Nelson Tribune,I expressed my decided  opinion that the law regulating* the location of mineral claims in this province  should be amended in this particular,  that within sixty, or perhapsi ninety  days, after the staking of a claim a certain amount of work on the claim before  it can be recorded should be made imperative. I did not make this statement  for publication but I am glad it has appeared if it will only assure discussion,  but I was mis-stated in one point in that  I did not then specify that the amount  of work to be done should equal in  value $100, as this amount, would be  both excessive and prohibitive.  Having been over a large part of this  province and met many mining men  and prospectors to whom I have stated  my opinion as above, I have yet to find  one man who has not instantly agreed  with me that such a requirement as I  suggest should be enacted.  The mining laws of this province  relating to mineral claims are simple  and extremely liberal, but the attempt  to limit the number of claims that one  person may locate on a vein or deposit  to one, was at once nullified when right  to purchase (that could hardly be denied) was granted, for, provided with a  sheaf of miners' licenses, ah axe and a  pencil, a man can stake out and locate  as many claims as he feels disposed.  Under the present regulations it has  been possible for a compartivel\r few  men to effectually lock up great areas of  valuable mineral land by simply putting  up three stakes on each claim, which  claims are sometimes recorded and very  often not.   That the annual assessment  work repuired by law is not being* done  on a   very   large   proportion of these  claims is a notorious fact  as this requirement is simply evaded by the now  universal subterfuge of re-location of  these  claims  in   the  names  of other  parties who at once deed them back by  bill of sale to the locator.   Thus from  year to year thousands of acres of good I  land are being held on  which not even  search  is being   made  for   leads that  might otherwise there be found.  In   every district I have  visited is  heard this complaint.    It is a very common thing to find one man holding from  ten;to fifteen locations and quite" often  from   twenty to  forty.    In  the Trout  Lake district I was toidof one man who  held seventy claims,and only during'tits  past few davs a man proueilv told' me  that he held 200loeations,or i0,000 acres  of presumably mineral land.    Many at-  attemps have been made in other "mining countries   to  overcome this very  same difficulty, and some have'adopted  intricate and arbitrary laws that would  not serve here.   A simple yet absolute  method is the best,  ana the best, \ believe, is the one suggested already.   Tn  Colorado for many years the prospector,  after discovery, lias had to sink a ten-  foot hold on the  vein or run a cut to  expose a face ten feet high on the vein.  In Montana this sanieamount has lately  been required,  Avhile in California 850  worth of work is stipulated to be done  in a certain time before record.  Such a regulation here would at once  open up a large extent of territory held  by men on pure speculation wlio are  only hoping In many cases to make a  few" dollars by their sale, and I know  much good ground would then be carefully prosnected bv  honest prospectors  -      t_    J._'._           !."..���      *_.��... J     ...       I   D��atli  DAN    DUSN   IS   DEAD.  C'laiiiiH tho   Han So Well-Known  In   These Part*.  country  location,  out at many places, the  miles about a promising  quickly staked off, after which these  men return to town and await developments with little or no intention of doing  any further work themselves or perhaps  as is often tbe case, only the small  amount of work they perjure themselves  by swearing as being worth 5100 as required by law.  That this condition of affairs exists  throughout  the  province   cannot   be  gainsaid, that it is checking in a very  serious manner the development of mining districts I have not a doubt, and for  this reason have taken this liberty of  advancing the opinion that this promiscuous ana unlawful staking of claims  should be stopped, for, if this work before recording is exacted, ground will  be far more carefully prospected before  being staked and thegenune prospector  will have' a much fairer opportunity.  Another phase that may be mentioned  is that would-be buyers of ground (they  suspect to be good by its location) are  at  once   faced   by  the alternative of  either paying in many instances,  excessive  prices,   for   claims   on  which  nothing has been done, or for the privilege of doing so, or must leave in disgust.   It must be remembered that our  mineral claims have a most generous  area and that with areas over a quarter  of a mile sqaure,held by merely putting  up  these  stakes   and  blazing a line  between them, a large extent of maybe  valuable land can soon be effectually  but determinedly tied up.   Again, no  man betters himself by holding a large  number  of  claims"unless':.'he has the  means  to   carefullv   prospect each of  them, but.as is often the case, many  locators possess little more than their  grub-stake,and hence are simply unable  to do justice ' o their numerous properties, being far worse off than if they  would bend all their energies and expend all their means in developing as  far as possible, at the most, not more  than two or three locations, proving to  a certain extent their true value'.   Such  claims, if possessing merit, ean now be  sold with little trouble, if the buyer has  the advantage of a. certain amount of  underground work tei aid him in arriving at a clearer judgment of the conditions as   they   exist,   for as   it   is,  at  present, the constant complaint eif the  many men seeking good properties, is  this very lack of work and the prospectors are'the sufferers,  for they can but  seldom   sell   their   prospects or not at  prices they might easily command had  they concentrated their work and not  frittered it over more claims than they  could manage.  Some wiii contend that this work will  be too great a hardship considering the  heavy country that is being prospected,  but iii cannot "equal the haidship now  being felt under the present greedy  grabbing up of so much land by a few.  Most experienced prospectors have been  accustomed to do this work.  The old objection to the case of locations being made late in the season  when such work could only be done under the greatest difficulty, will, of  course, be advanced, but old hands will  know that this is an objection more in  words than in fact, and very seldom  would an extreme case occur.  Making this case compulsory within  Dan Dunn is dead, and all that  was  mortal of this peculiar character lies in  the little clearing in the woods on the  hill   overlooking   New   Denver and the  lake.    After two weeks confinement to  his bed, death ensued Saturday morning  at sunrise. The cause of death was acute  Bright's disease of the kidneys, and the  age of the deceased 54 years, 6 months.  The interment took place Monday morning at 10 o'clock from  the Presbyterian  church, a large   number of  friends and  acquaintances   attending    from    Three  Forks and Silverton in addition to those  of this city.  The death of Dan Dnnn removes from  our midst a man aB little known in one  sense as he was well-known in another.  Kough in speech, almost to a degree of  intolerance, yet within that uncouth exterior was a heart as true as steel to his  friend or fellowman in need. Long years  in the service of railroad companies,  with hundreds of railroad navvies under  him in the work of construction, had  made him proficient in that vernacular  known to the old-time sea captains and  section bosses, but which chills the blood  of men of finer instincts like the howling  of the cold north winds.  Dan Dunn was known far and wide.  He could not reside in any community  for any length of time without letting  his presence be felt, and withersoever he  was sent his name preceded him and  remained long after his departure. A  pioneer among pioneers, he was ever in  the advance of civilization, and his life  of perpetual exposure and hardship made  all the more rough his naturally rugged  disposition.  He, was born on the 19th of August,  1843. His early life was spent on the  farmj his father, Daniel Dunn owning a  section of land in Liminick township,  Quebec. At an early age he.started  working in the lumber camps of eastern  Canada. Later he took up railroad  building, doing his first work in the  Morisay tunnel. He followed this with  great success for some years, and soon  amassed a fortune of $85,000. This he  took with him into the state of Maine,  and there reached out after construction  contracts of greater magnitude. He met  with failure there and in a short time,  through the villiany of associates,he lost  his entire fortune, and was compelled to  walk from Moose Head lake to a point  where he secured transportation to his  home, a distance of a few hundred  miles.  At the age of 29 he married Miss Lizzie  Caine, daughter of James Caine,  a prominent and well-to-do citizen of  East Templeton, Que.^ For twenty-four  years his wife has been bjr his side in all  his varied experiences of pioneer life,  and at his death is left alone, no children  being the result of the union.  In  the   service   of   the   C. P. R. Mr.  DOWN   A    OOO-FOOT    SHAFT.  Captain W. K. Hall of the   Ve. Kol Mettta  a   Horrible   Death.  Captain William E. Hall, superintendent of the the Le Roi mine, was killed  last* Wednesday by falling down the  main shaft from the surface to the 600-  foot! level. The body was terribly  mangled by the fall and the remains  were hardly recognizable.  The captain went underground about  4 o'clock in the afternoon on his usual  inspection of the mine. Arriving at the  600-foot level safely, he examined the,  progress being made in extending the  shaft to the 700-foot level, and subse-  Suently made a tour through the west  rift at the 600-foot level.   Steel is raised  at 5 o'clock and at that hour Nick Tre-  gear, the day foreman, with whom Captain  Hall   was   making his   inspection,  suggested to the latter that they should  go to the top immediately in one of tlie  skips then being raised or  they would  haye to climb up.   Acting on the suggestion the two   climbed   into the west  skip and standing on the rim of it they  were hauled safely to the top.   As the  two reached the top Mr. Tregear stepped  safely onto the floor at the west side of  the skip and walked over   to the shaft  house office a few feet from the opening  of the shaft.   A  moment later Captain  Hall stepped off the skip.   What happened then will never be exactly known.  The only witness was the engineer on  duty at the time.   Instead of getting out  upon the floor of the shaft house, Captain Hall stepped off the east side of the  skip upon   the   narrow beam, about 10  inches wide, which separates   the   two  compartments.     Evidently he slipped,  for a moment later he fell down the compartment just opposite the one in which  he had safely  ridden  up.   He made no  sound as he fell, but the engineer saw  him clutch desperately at the side of the  shaft as he started down.    Then   the  captain's candle went out and   all was  over.   As he fell past the 350-foot level  Antpine   Sorenson,   timber    boss,  who  was standing there, heard  a cry Und the  rush as of a man falling down the shaft  but that was the only  sound that was  heard from the captain   during   all his  frightful fall.    The skip  was standing at  the bottom of the shaft and the body of  the captain fell squarely across it, alighting on   the   rim.    The   station tender,  horrifieel at the awful accident, scarcely  recognized the remains but with the as- j  sistance of two or three miners got the  body into the skip. j  gast Canaan N��V*s-  *S**S**S>  Her Majesty, Queen Victoria, has conferred upon Chief Justice Burton, of  Ontario, the honor of knighthood.  Mgr. Bruchesi has returned from his  trip to Rome, bringing a special blessing  from his holiness the Pope for Montreal  newspaper men.  The bigamist, Silas  W, Schofield, who j  married Miss Jennie Kerr, a Hamilton  girl,   knowing   that  his   first wife was  alive, has been sentenced to three years  in the penitentiary,  Nine missionaries left Toronto this  week for China. They expect to Bail  from Tacoma on the Steamer Victoria  on the 8th of January. The party contains six women.  The convicts in  St. Vincent de  Paul  penitentiary, Montreal, are in a state of!  revolt.    Eighty of them are now locked  up in  punishment cells.   The people of  the village are in terror.  Sergant-Major Kendall and Trumpeter  Bishop of the Field Battery, were each  presented at Montreal with a medal of  the Royal Canadian Humane Society for  rescuing six persons off St. Helen's  Island on Jubilee Day.  , The government at Ottawa has been  so besieged with inquiries concerning  the Yukon that it has determined to  issue a book which . will be shortly  written by Wm. Ogilvie, the government surveyor, who has explored the  country.  The body of an unknown young man  was found on Huntley street, Toronto,  early on Wednesday .evening, with a  bullet-hole through his left side. The  body is still lying at the morgue, unidentified. It is not known whether it is a  case of suicide or murder.  The great Victorian Era ball is a thing  of the   past.   On   Tuesday   night their  Excellencies, Lord and Lady Aberdeen,  entertained at the Armories, Toronto, a.  most   brilliant  and   historic  company.  Three thousand invitations bad been issued,   arid  it is. estimated   that about  2500 people were present;   The idea of  the ball was the  representation   of the  phases of the Victorian era in six different groups, viz: the empire,   Victorian  costumes, literature and music, science,  art, sports and other amusements.   The  tout ensemble was bewilderlngly beautiful and the many styles and personages  from fiction and reality gave a splendid  idea  of  what  has���pawled  during Her  Majesty's reign.  OUTJJUMBKRKD    TWO   TO   ONK,  The Payroll   of Roggland   Mines Not   in.  It as Compared  With  Slocan Mines.  The Witkins wing of the Kingston  general hospital was badly damaged by  tire a few days ago. About forty of the  patients had to be removed on stretchers  and in chairs to other buildings. The  loss will total some $10,000; the insurance carried on the hospital was $15,000.  THE    WHITEWATER   SOI.O.  Xegotiatiiuis Closed Xast  Week   and   Hie  Property  Turned  Over.  who to-day are being forced tti leave  most desirable districts because everywhere they are confronted by stakes on  claims many of which have never been  recorded, but to ascertain which these  men will not tramp many difficult miles  to the recorder's office f and such men  who would carefully look over the  ground and work it if anything' were  found, simplv move off to some other  part probably to be again confronted  by these tibiquitous stakes.  Among the mountains we have two  classes of men. The first is the true  prospector "who zealously and laboriously tramps the trackless ranges often  entirely alone for weeks enduring much  hardship und fatigue, the intrepid pioneers. These men, when they nave  made a discovery, are ready and willing to work, to -develope and determine  tvhat they have found, do work that is  the foundation of the mining industry,  and to such the law should extend help  and absolute protection.  But there is a second and a large class  of men who wait around the mining  towns and camps and as soon as a discovery is noised about, stampede to that  point and stake off claims in every direction, utterly regardless of the requirements of "mineral in place," often  staking off claims with deep snow cover- j  ing the ground. Thus,ascan be pointed  a certain time before recording is, I  believe, the simplest and most efficacious plan devised, for if a subsequent  prospector finding stakes, finds no Work  done within the proper time, he knows  tho land Is open to location, and again I  tho pernicious method of re-location to  Dunn's work dates back about 25 years.  At one time he was superintendant of  construction over 300 miles of road, and  has held many other positions of trust  with that company. He was a man of  strict integrity, and would command the  attention of the construction officials of  the road to any tender he might make  for work to*be done.  He    came    into   the    Slocan     with  Negotiation for  the  building of the' C.  P. K. road. He  the company in  time, and at the  several contracts  partner and co-  has been employed  by  this section since that  time of his death left  to be completed by his  worker, Mr. Gallagher.  Mrs. Dunn will remain in New Denver  until she can settle up the business of  the deceased, when she will leave for her  eastern home.  KXI'tlRTS*   INCREASE   (io    PER CFNT,  t-'igiiren  Whioli   iic'iilOiisirate the  oilmen! nl* tht> Country.  De  avoid assessment work, will be praeti  cally stopped when any such work done  at discovery cannot be declared upon  more than once.  Feeling strongly that some change is  demanded to correct a very growing  evil and that the remedy suggested is  the simplest and the best, and one that  will be at once agreed to by the large  majority of mining men and prospectors  in the province, I have not hesitated to  state more clearly my opinions than  have already, but inadvertently, appeared in part in the press.���W. A.  Carlvle in the B. C. Mining Re-jord.  the sale of the Whitewater mine, located in Slocan district,  pending for several months, were  reported closed last week. The mine  sold on a basis of 8450,000. The purchasers are the London anel British  Columbia Gobi Fields Company, Limited, the deal being* closed by J. Roderick  Robertson, representing that strong  English   company.     The   Whitewater  group was examined several months  ago by S. S. Fowler, engineer for the  company, and about three weeks ago  by J. D. Kendall, consulting engineer  for the corporation. Favorable reports  were sent by both gentlemen and an  j option given to the London and British  Gold Fields Company, Limited, till the  3rd instant.. This was taken up by the.  payment of ��150,000 cash in Kaslo last  week.  The deal Is virtually a cash transaction; as deferred payments come in  quick succession.  The Whitewater group of four claims  ���'-! is located two miles from Whitewater  ! station on the Kaslo & Slocan railway.  The   controlling interest of two-thirds  was acquired several years ago by J.  Eaton, of Spokane, aiul  W. E. Price, of  Oakland,   (.'al.    The   remaining   third I  was owned by W. E. Mann,of Spokane; i  Major J. L. Montgomery, of New York, j  and J. L. Iletallack, of Kaslo.   The pur-i  chasing corporation acquires the inter-!  est of  Eaton   and   Price.    Eaton   has j  given  personal   attention  to develop- j  ment of the claim   for four years.    The i  mine is now on a paying basis.    Divid  The trade returns of the port of Nelson  for the month of December furnish the  best possible evidence of the progress  that has oeen made in development of  the mines of Southern Kootenay. For  the month just closed the value of mineral exports is given at ��837,004, says  the Nelson Tribune. Of this amount,  ��417,102 represented the value of 017,  tons   of   copper   matte,   ��115,866,   the ! ends have been declared  regularly for  O.  P. R. Traffic Receipts.  The Canadian Pacific Railway traffic  receipts for November were: Gross earnings, $2,540,451; working expenses, $1,-  350,718; net profits, $1,189,733. In  November 1890 the net profits were $862,-  148. For the 11 months ending November-30th, 1897, the figures are as follows:  Gross ��� earnings, $21,726,792; working  expenses, $12,476,471; net profits, $9,-  250,321. For the 11 months ending  November 30th, 1896. there was a net  profit of $7,183,149. the increase in the  net profits over the same period of last  year is, therefore, for November, $327,-  584, and from Januarv 1st to November  30th, $2,067,172.  value of crude ore, and ��3,976, the value  of gold bullion. Compared Avith the  corresponding month of 1896 the mineral exports show a gain of almost 60 per  cent., and as against December, 1895, a  gain of about 800 per cent. In December, 1896, the mineral exports aggregated ��5*23,200, and in December. 1895,  ��116.921 as against ��837,004 for the  month just closed.  The figures with respect to the collections show for the month of December  the total amount of dutv collected was  ��22,966.59.  DIIRKANT    H AX CEO.  several  months.     For  the property has been  I sometime pastj  ������hipping in the  neighborhood of 200 tons per week, the  shipments steadily increasing each  month, thei ore averaging ��70 a ton.  The purchasing corporation will undoubtedly continue vigorous development of the property.  Theodore Durant, the murderer of  Blanch Lamont, was hanged at San  Quinten, California,  last Friday, after  two years eif lega  neck".    He  stubbornly  inocence tei the end  fightin"'  to save his  mantained   his  Mil  Mr.  J  KKNDAIX   IXTBKVIBWKI).  An Indian named Joseph Kassawa is  to be presented by the Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba with a medal from  the Royal Canadian Humane Society as  a recognition of his g eat bravery in  rescuing six white children from a burning farm-house during the late prairie  fires in Manitoba.  , Sir Aelolphe Chapleau, Lieutenant-  Governor of Quebec, gave his last dinner  at Spencerwood on Friday night to a  large number of members of the Legislature and of the press. It is not known  yet who will be his successor. Sir Henri  Joly has been named for the office, but  has denied the report.  Miss Kathleen Sullivan, the second  daughter of Bishop Sullivan, the rector  of St. James' Cathedral, Toronto, elied  on Wednesday, of typhoid fever, which,  it is thought, she contracted while nursing her brother through the same disease at Rat Portage, . where he was  residing when taken ill.  Mr. Wm. Anderson, ex-M. P. P. for  Prince Edward county in the Ontario  Legislature, was found deael about midnight on Christmas eve on the road leading to bis house from the Union Church,  Ameliasburg. The deceased gentleman  had held for almost forty years a prominent place in affairs political.  Many of the charitable societies of  Toronto made a special Christinas elis-  tribution of. supplies to the deserving  poor in that city. The St. George's  Society gave provisions to 718 persons,  who called at their hall on Elm street  the day before Christmas. Lord anel  Lady Aberdeen visiteel the Society during * the elistribution and delivered an  appropriate speech in his usual taking  manner.  Tbe Dominion government is considering the advisability of erecting a Canadian building at the Trans-Mississippi  Exhibition, Omaha. The Canadian  Manufacturers' agent in the United  States, Mr. W. J. White, is at present in  Ottawa, and says: ''It will be an opportunity not to be lost sight of, to have a  building in the center of the territory  where so many of our agents are so  busily engaged."  Mr. John Burnham. Q. C, ex-M. P.,  drowned himself in theOtonabee river at  In a recent issue the Spokesman  Keviewsays:  "The recent publication The Spokesman-Review of various estimates of the  number of men employed in Rossland  mines has awakened a spirit of  rivalry in the Slocan district and figures  have been submitted to support the  claim that Slocan miners* outnumber  those of Rossland 2 to 1 and are better  paid.  "The statement of the number of men  employed in Rossland showed that out  of the 700 men estimated to be working  in the camp more thau one-half were  employed in five mines, as follows:  Le. Roi, 236; War Eagle, 90; Center  Star, 30 ; Iron .Mask, 30 ; Sunset, 30.-  The Slocan people claim to make a better showing than this, both as to  number of men employed and wages  paid. The average wages in Rossland  are $3 per day; in the Slocan the miners  are paid ��3.50.  "The Kaslo News sums up the matter  thus:  The following silver-lead properties  ofltlio Slocan and Ainsworth divisions  are given as making an interesting*  table for comparison. The wages in  these camps are ��3.50 per day  "The pay rolls of 20 representative  mines now'operating, as closely as can  be ascertained, are given herewith:  Mine.  Mo. men.  Mine .                No men.  Payne     leio  TaritV     23  Slocan Sr.-n*..    lit)  Black Diamond     20  Whitewater..      110  Reilh     lex)       .HO  Rambler    22  Montezuma .       TO  Queen Bess.       5(1  Goexlonough    15  Luekv Jim..       25  Whitewater Dee]>..   1<��  LastCliane-o.      i��     No. 1         -10  Total N.I2S  I).   Kendall,  consulting   on-,  eif the  London & B.C. Goldfields j Asbburnbani near Peterborough em Tues-  gmeer  Syndicate was in Ne'.w Denver on Monday anel Tuesday of this week. Regarding the; reported purchase of the  Whitewater claims Mr. Kendall refused  to make any definite statements any  more than to say that, negotiations had  been underlay between his company  and the present owners.  As to the price set. on the*, property he  was not in a position to make any statements more*, than to say that the reported &150.<H\o was much too large.  day night. Mr. Burnham had been  suffering for some months from insomnia, which brought on a fit of temporary insanity. He left a note, saying:  "I have hardly slept for a month. I  can't enelure it. My brain i.s going. Goel  help me." The eleceased was born in  St. Thomas in 1842, where his father,  Rev. Mark Burnham, was the rector of  the Anglican church. In 1752 the family  removed to Ashburnham, where Mr.  Ihirnbam has resided ever since.  "The number of smaller properties  now operating, employing from three to  ten men, will doubtless easily increase,  the above figures to 1200.  "The foregoing list does not include  a number b: noted niines which on  account of the season, or some other  deterring cause, are either temporarily  closed down or are working very light  forces. Among these are tlie Washington, Jackson, Great Western, Surpi.se,  Slocan Boy, Monitor. Wonderful, Best  and Noble Five.  "Considering the running forces of  these mines and the large number of  properties employing from three to ten  men, it will neit be ;m unreasonable  estimate to <;xpt;ct to see 1,500 men  employed in the coming spring in those,  mines directly tributary tei Kaslo, Sandon and Ainsworth. According to tint  olel theory that each miner should:  represent a population of 10, himself  and nine others, these towns should  grow at a great rate next year, if they  secure the aggregate of 15,000 population."  The above list, so far as the; Slocan  is concerned, is about as incomplete as-  ignorance can make it. It may ber  anel undoubtedly is, a reliable estimate  of the number of miners employed on  properties directly tributary te> Kaslo.  Ainsworth and Sandon, but it is an injustice to intimate that these embrace  all the working properties in the Slocan  division. There are properties tribut-  tary to Slocan lake points,New Denver.,  Silverton, Slocan City and Rosebery  that promise to equal if not surpass any  of the big mines named above, and on  these alone; fully 400 mon are employed  this winter. Others are preparing to  open in the spring and it i.s confidently  expected that 1,000 men will be employed on properties close to Slocan Lake-  this season. As some of the mines-  workimr in this section we might mention, The Galena Farm, Vancouver,.  Thompson, Frisco. Fidelity, Cameron-  ion, Republic, Two Friends, Howard  Fraction, Arlington. Preseott. Cracker  Jack, and several Wilson, creek properties. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 13, 1898.
Fifth Year
THK MYTHICAL SANTA CI, A US.
SECRET OF IOXGEVITY,
me
1 ain't much more'ii 7, an' still I know a lot ;
But elis here iraim- of Chris'mas. bojt-e: it's g-oi
caught!
1 heard ele^ kids a-chewin' de raj: aliemt a guy
W'at tum'lcs down eie chimbley we:u n j one else
ain'i nijrh.
Wit' baskets  full of candy, an' ueleler t'infcs like
dat—
I t'ink (loin kids was on'v eonwerstn' trew  dare
hat!
'Cause wo has irot a  chimbley, an'a root" dat's
ojie-n, too ;
But ho old (juy   wit' candy ain't never yet come
irew '.
Me t'rieir, dar's Swires McGooejin. he to it me lo
ine teet'
Dat tlem w'at hangs up stockin's is Sandy Clawse-s
meat.
So I  believes   McGeiogin,   an'   chases, horn.- to
Mame—
Maine i.s me little sister, wai's awful weak an'
lame-
Ail'elen I says to Mamie,''Say. Sis, we's -trot a
cinch f •
We. jist hangs up our stockin 's, an' Santa Claus'U
pint-h
A lot. of presents fer us—de lines' in de laud I
An' w'en we wake:s tumorrcr  we* eats tn beat lie
band!"
-but Mudder only
of der time; w'en
her stockin's wit'
Joe! .Maine was ticke.lt erazy-
cricel ;
I'fior Mudeicr's always t'inkiir
Faelder died..
So Maine she: ups an'patches
a ran ;
An' me, not havin"any, tfet.s Top's old carnet bay,
An' dare, 'Ions side eie chimbley. wit' <le stars
a-shinin'elown   .
Wc Im11;rs dem up an' waits fer His Nibs to come'.
-iroiin';
But birneby 1 gets sleepy, an' ele; last t'ingdat
I sees
Is MueldcM* iu de chimbley, a-prayin' on her knees.
Me:
was
a-sobbin'  an'  moanin' in iier
chases fer de gif's to take, a
in de inoniiii' an' Mamie's  sleep-
M udder
sleep,
Won I gets up an
peep:
It. was early
in' yet,
W'en I looks into her stockin's to see w'at did
she get.
Jee! but dat guy was trosty !   Ain't nuttin' elare
escept
One little wormy apple w'at no one else'dkept.
An' in Pop's carjiet bag dare ain't not a t'ing in
sight-
Say!   I I was up ag'inst it fer certain now. dat's
right!
W'en  I ups an'|tells iMcGoo^in dat he gets me
in a ho'
Be tellin' mo dat Sandy Claws is such a good old
soul.
McGoogin says, says he, "I tried to work ele
racket, too;
But I got de half of nuttin', jist de same, be jee
as you l"
So I t'ing dat folks is on'y conwersin'trew dare
hat,
W'sn dey says a guy goes roun' wit' gif 's an
udder t'mgs like dat,   ,
'Cause me an' Mamie tried it, an' all we got to
show
Is a wormy little apple w'at hadn't; time to grow !
—Hobart in Baltimore Sun,
SHE   WAS    GRATEFUL.
A lot of sailors,  who go down to the
sea  in  ships of  the; kind, which the
oysterman navigate the raging Potomac, were sitting on the deck of the
Mary Jane at the foot of Seventh street
two or three days ago, talking between
jobs and smoking a pipe apiece.   The
subject of the conversation was love
and romance, and each man was taking
his turu telling where he had first met
his wife and how, or,  if he had not met
her, then telling how he would like to.
At last they came to the homeliest man
in the lot. and it seemed  hardly necessary to ask him for a story, because by
common acceptance only the beautiful
move in the charmed circle of romance.
However, he did not wait to be asked.
*'I guess I was the bashfulest man on
the  earth's   surface," he said, with a
slight   hitch in   his speech, "and not
much prettier than   I was nervy, and a
man like that has got up-hill goin' all
the way  when he tackles anything  in
petticoats.   Well,   there;   was a girl in
Baltimore that I set a lot by, but somehow I got worse every time I saw her,
more particular if  I tried to talk business to her.    One day I pearted up and
told her she ought to get married.   It
was the truth, "too,  for she was gittin'
oleler ever minute and was already past
HO, and   I was   two   years older.'   She
wasn't pretty enough, neither, to fade a
carpet,  but she had good health and
good sense, and Pda'been glad enough
to have her if I'd had the nerve to ask
her.   Well, when   I   told her she ought
to git married'she  told me she would if
I would find a man for her.    Wanting
to let her see I had her best interests at
heart I got to  work  and in a month I
had a right nice widower  with three
children set-tin' up to her for all he was
worth.   Then   he   asked her, and she
come right to me with the news, and
she was the gratefulest women lever
see.   Said  she  couldn't   tell  me how
grateful  she   was;   said  there   wasn't
words enough; said she was so grateful
that she would be willing to marry ine
instead of the widower; said—but she
didn't say any more     It was my turn
then, and soinchow the idea that"somebody else was going to git her gave me
thousand I needed in my craw and I
just reached out and took her in.   That
was ten years ago, and all I'm sorry for
now is that I lost so much time foolin'
What is the secret of longevity? Sir
Jaine;s Sawyer has been confiding it to
a Birmingham audience. Like so many
other secrets, it consists in "paying attention to a number of small details,"
says the London News. ^ Here is a
schedule of them, collected from the reports of Sir James Sawyer's lecture.:
. .1. Eight hours'sleep.
2. Sleep on your right side.
o. Keep your bedroom window open
all night.
4. Have a mat to your bedroom door.
5. Do not have your bedstead against
the wall.
G. No cold tub in the morning, but a
bath at the temperature of the" body.
7. Exercise before breakfast.
8. Eat little meat, and see that it is
well cooked.
0. (For adults)—Drink no milk.
10. Eat plenty of fat, to feed'tiie cells
which elestroy disease germs.
1.1. Avoid mtoxicants, which destroy
the cells.
12. Daily exercise in the open air.
18. Allow no pet animals in your living rooms. They are apt to carry
about eiisease germs.
11. Live in the country if you can.
15. Watch   the   three'   Ds—drinking
wat'.r, damp and drains.
Hi. Have change of occupation.
17. Take frequent and short holidays.
la. Limit your ambition.
19- Keep your temper.
Keep all these commandments,and Sir
James Sawyer sees no reason why you
should not live to be 100. An interesting point in vital statistics was incidentally brought out by Sir James Sawyer,
the death rate during the last 200 years
has been enormously decreased, but the
decrease has all been between the ages
of birth and 35.
Those who passed that age had not
so good a chance of living as the people
who lived 200 years ago. The meaning
was that now the weaklings among the
young were less easily killed off than
they were 200 years ago. With regard
to those of 35,v!those who lived in the
olden days had the advantage that
there were no telephones, telegrams,
trains, daily share lists, or daily newspapers.	
HOW   TO   GET   JUSTICE.
approaching. In his masculine ignorance of .such matters The Man had
thought the price of the fan mijrht possibly be S10—certainly it would be no
more. Anel so, as the smiling clerk
handed him the parcel, he i inserted his
hand deep into his trousers' pocket and
with all the assurance in life said :
"How much?"
"Sixty dollars."
"Er—I beg pardon," gasped The Man,
while the cold dew of horror came out
on his forehead.
"Sixty dollars."
The Man made a desperate grasp for
his presence of mind, and got it.
"Please put it right back and do be
careful not to break it.   Thank you."
The two ladies looked indignant, and
as The Man fleet into the street he heard
one them say to her companion :
"Just like a man!"
Reversing   tlie   Adage.
When Judge James B. Gantt, of the
Missouri supreme court, was a circuit
judge down in Henry county, says the
Columbia (Mo.) Herald, he had a good
many railroad cases to try. Nearly
every farmer along the line of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas railroad sued
the company. . In a number of these
cases, a' young lawyer, just arrived
from Tennessee, represented the plain
tiffs. For the defendant corporation
appeared Sam Priest—now Judge
Henry S. Priest of St. Louis—-a shrewd,
able, aggressive lawyer. Priest took
advantage of every point and fought
the cases from the start.
The young lawyer,who.may be called
Brown,   was   forced  several times to
amend his petition and try a new tack
Finally,  Judge Gantt was compelled,
under the law,to throw some of Brown's
cases out of court because they Avere,
improperly brought.   BroAvn Avas mad ; |
mad all over.    Swelling Avith indignation, he rose and said:
"Your honor, Avill you please tell me
how it is possible in this court to get
justice against a railroad company ?"
Judge Gantt quietly ignored the con-
tempt'of court shoA-vn by the laAvyer and
asked :
"Do you A\rish an ansAver to that question, Mr. 'BroAvn?"
"Yes, sir," defiantly replied the indignant laAvyer. "Yes, sir; I Avant to
know hoAAra farmer can get his case into
this court so it Avill be heard."
Judge Gantt smiled and said :
"Well, tirst, Mr. BroAvn, I'd advise
the farmer to hire a laAvyer."
BroAvn Avilted.
Senator Billy Mason, eif Illinois, has
one of the iinest turnouts in the Avhole
city, says the Washington Post. There
is.a big strapping span of horses, one a
dapple gray arid the other a handsome
black. The carriage is an expensive
landau. The rig complete Avas presented to him by admiring republicans of
Illinois. If it be not invidious to state
the expense of the magnificent gift, one
might add that it cost not far from
84,000. . '
The rig Avas driven around to the
Senator's residence at Mount Pleasant
for his inspection, and that of his interesting family. Mrs. Mason looked out
of the AvindoAV to admire'the equine
beauties, but with her tender heart
pittied the poor beasts because their
tails Avere docked
Little Miss Mason, Avho inherits some
of the Avit and repartee that has made
her daddy famous, exclaimed: "Oh,
mamma, but Vou must never look a gift
horse in the tail."
THE
CENTRAL
HOTEL
NEW   DENVER,
Has been rc-opened under new management. With nicely furnished
rooms, and good, substantial meals to
back them, this hotel expects to acquire a reputatiun second to none in
Kootenay. The bar has a full stock
of the most modern nerve elevators.
JOHN HALl'IN,
GORMAN WEST, Manager.
Prop.
The
net House
NAKttSP.
Is the largest hotel upon the Arrow Lakes and ia
unsurpassed by any  in  Kootenay.
Do not fail to stop there when
travelling  to and from
the   Slocan.
mrs, D. R. mcDOUGMLiD.
.*■ *
A   Black   Hen's   Eggs.
Pearson's Weekly says: They are
telling a good story of a certain grocer.
The other day a woman came in and
said: "I want two dozen hen's eggs.
They must all be laid by black hens."
The grocer said: "Madam, I am
willing to accommodate you, but you
have got the best of me* this time". I
don't knoAv how to tell the eggs of a
black hen from those of a speckled or
white one."
Said she: "lean, tell the difference
verv easily."
"Iff that is so madam, will you kindly
pick out the eggs for yourself ?"'
She did so, and Avhen the'two dozen
Avere counted into her basket, the grocer looked at them, and said suggestively: "Well, madam, it seems as
though, the black hens laid, all the big
w'YYes, that's the Avay
she said.
you tell them,
Furnish elegantly and cheap, Parlor
sets in rugs and plush. New. designs in
fancy chairs, couches, etc. At lowest
prices at Crowley's New DenA*-er. Endless variety of Pillows, Beds and Mattresses.
ive
THE    MINERS'    .TTJNO.
around before I got her."
A    LAND   WITHOUT   LIFK.
The west coast of South Africa from
north of Callao, Peru, to the port of Co-
quimbo, Chile, is a rainless region.
From the Andes to the Pacific no rain
falls, and no vegetation or animal life
exists beyond Avhat man brings there,
it i.s a dead world. The lasi rain which
fell in Antofogasta, Chile, was the first
that hael fallen in If; years, and the last
shoAver in Jqiiique, Chile, was the first
rain which hael fallen in 21 years. The
hills or mountains back of both these
cities are bare rock and sand and red
loose clay, yet the day after the rain a
freenish tinge began to show itself and
y the second day these bare and inhospitable hills were dressed in a green
coat from top to*bottom. As no more
rain fell this verdure quickly dried up
and died. The query rises naturally,
whence did this vegetation come? If
from .seeds lying dormant in the soil,
then once sprouting Avould finish this
source, and .the short life of this plant
giv<;s nei opportunity for the elevelop-
ment eif se;eel.
Every sue;ceeelingtiineA\-hen rain falls
in these  regions   in   pe;rioels of from b">
to   IK   years,   the   same    phe.iinmmifm
occurs.    The; growth  evidently springs
from some; root which   lies  dormant in
the;  seiil,   and   is   another  remarkable ■
proof eif the powers of   nature  tn adapt j
lift; to hard   e'.onditious,  as   there; is no
evidence that for several million years
past there; have;  been  any more; favorable  conditions   for  life  on this  coast
than exist  uoav.    No   evielence   exists
that   at   any   time   ve;g(;table; life;   has
existed.iu ail this  region  and until the
course;  of   the   winds  change,  all this
region is distineiel to remain, as it is to-
el.*iy, a barren   desert,   but  this strange;
plieenix-like vegetal-ion is worthy of the
attention of scientific epmrist.
The man Avith bronzed skin and long-
ish hair was hanging upon every Avord
that the charming*young woman spoke.
She was telling of an actress Avhom she
greatly admired, says the Washington
Star.
"I will never forget how she looked,'
the young woman said. "She was as
beautiful as Juno."
The weather-beaten auditor moved
uneasily and then said : "I beg your
pardon^ miss, but I ain't sure that 1
heard yer remark just right."
"I said she Avas a beautiful as Juno."
"It ain't fer me to c'rect a lady," he
began, in apologetic tones.
"I am quite willing* to be corrected
when there is any reason for doubt,"
she replied, in a tone with traces of concealment through it. "But I do not
perceive hoAV this can be such a case."
"I don't presume to contradict nobody," he replied. "I haven't no
observations to make further than that
there ain't no accountin' fur tastes."
"Have vou ever seen this actress?"
"No, inks."
"Then I don't see how you are qualified to speak."
"Might I make so bold as to enquire
whether you was ever as fur Avest as
British Columbia?"
"Never."
"Then, miss, you can't re'lise that
I'm standin' up fer the lady's good looks
as much as you are! Ye can't believe
half of Avhat these here miners that
come East toll ye. If ve ain't ever been
as fur west as British Columbia, it stan's
to reason that ye can't have no idea of
Avha t a lonesome, ramshackle, friz-uo
lookin' place Juneau is."
.JUST    CIKK    A   MAN.
if you want a
Stylish Suit, a
Nobby Tie, or a
First-class Hat.
of
A fine line
Ladies & Gents'
Rubbers and
Overshoes always on hand.
We have also
a complete stock
of Ladies'Capes,
Jackets, Mcln-
toshes and Dry
Goods.
McLachlan <St McKay,
New Denver.
THE
SELKIRK
HOTEL
SILVERTON, B.C.
Is a new three-story hotel sit-
• uated near the wharf. The
house . is plastered and the
rooms are furnished in a
manner calculated to make
travelers call again. Mining
and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts of
this hotel.
BRANDON a BARRETT
1      [    )
^
J. A. McKinnon & Co.,
General Merchants
Silverton, B. C.
Ship goods to any part of the District.        Their store is the
„ largest in  the Slocan country.
m
SP, BbCi
WHOIESAIE GROCERS
Agents for B. O. Sugar Refinery and Royal
City Planing Mills.
Having placed some new machinery
in our Mill. Ave are prepared to fur.
nish all kinds of rough aiul dresse
Lumber
and Shingles
at Keduced Prices
Dealers in
Hardware,   Tin   and   Granite ware
Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.
PRICE   LIST:
Rough Lumber, narrow,
" " wide,
Joist and Scantling,. sized up to
18 feet long,
8'to 2-1 '
21 'to 30 '
Flooring, T&G.G "
" •'     \"
V joint Ceiling, J
"Rustic,
Shiplap,
Surfaced Dressed,
A liberal discount on large orders for Cash,
PETER GENELLE &
$10 oo
511 00 to   12 ..
11 ..
12 ..
13 ..
20 .
22 ..
22
19 !.'
14 ..
13 ..
*-,_*-su£e?io
Co
ASLO HOTEL
Family & Commercial.
stories  are the
proposes to tell
Now that Christmas
proper thing* Tho Man
out-, on himself which is too good to be
lost. The; Man has a young- lady friemd
who is a fan collce-tot*. She1, had rather
have; a now fan than a liloe*k of g*;is
steal stock. As The, Man was passing-
a famous jowede'.ry house; a. few days 1 >e*.-
fore: Christmas he; spie-.d a particularly
loArely fan in thee windoAV, and thinking'
to •rladden the heart of his friend, he,
entered the place anil told a polite clerk
to wrap up the fan. Instantly the clerk-
was dissolved into smiles,and tAvo ladies
who stood near looked approA'ingly at
The-. Man as if to say : "What a nice
man ! So thoughtful of his friends and
so liberal."    But  a climax Avas rapidly
removing* from Town,
Sandon. B. C, Oct. 21, 1897.
To all whom it may Concern:
This is to certify that as I am
}. W. GRIM-
METT, Watchmaker and Jeweler, of
Sandon has purchased my business,
thank my numerous
for their patronage in the
past and I hereby respectfully re
ejuest that they will give their pat-
the     future    to    MR.
arge
And
Comfortable
^     Rooms
Fitted with every modern
i convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50
and $3 per day.
COCKLE &
beg to
Has often been electrified
by the wonderful bargains
offered from time to time by
people with something to sell,
but it remains for	
PAPWORTH,
Proprietors.
IS
custome
r
ronage     in
GRIMMETT.
and (Jiaim Owners
Mining Properties of
all kinds waiited for
English market.
Sciirl Cull luiriiculiirs U<
W. HALLER,
Watchmaker ancl JeAveler
Alinin
RICHARD   PLEWMAN
Broker, I'. O. B„x 750, Rossland, B. C.
A^A^'^k
Carpets, floor cloth, rugs, mats, curtains. Bedroom sets in ash anel oak.
Largest stock' in Slocan-Koo ten aA'.
CROWLEY, above. Li-'ix:;*-: Office, New
Denver. Freight paid to all Lake Points
and Sandon.
to exceed all. such propositions. For the sum of $5.00
—any kind of a five that will
be recognized in monetary
circles—we will send The
Ledge to anv address in
America for one year and a
box of 50 Trail Blazer Cigars.
Ponder over this, gentle and
refined reader, and send the
$5 before this magnificent
chance fades into the oblivion of past opportunities.. .
g^rmsi «t<3tt'"^irjiayy'<J yi^si^ns'esrvair^xisi^'iif^^ii *u&*usvt£snv-,u*.y±*mi ijjymHfur^asn' *
■DmtnnKn«nnn
mmaBUBsmKSSBmiaKi,
mnmmotanimmmaimmmiBaiiia
MBmmiBiaBttBgmmxmBBm
iBumwfls&iaann
■RnranRGnaniD Fifth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 13, 1898.  �����v  G  In Poetry and Prose.  IN    KLONDIKE.  THK    BOY    AND    THE    APPtES.  (Another Version.)  A little boy sat on the fence and trazeei  Overhead at it drooping limb,  A yearning- deep and intense en me by  And took possession of him.  His little red features were covered with dirt,  Anel his little brown leg-s were, scratched j  There were awful rents in his little gray shirt,  And his little blue; pants were patched.  From one little toe the nail hiid'beeri torn.  And one little heel was sore ;  A child apparently more forlorn  I hael never beheld before.  At length he stood on the topmost, rail,  And readied for that dropping; limb,  And, catching a slender branch he pulled  It slowly down to him.  He pulled it hand-over-hand, until  He; could reach the verdant fruit;  1 shuddered to think of tlie fate in store  For that innocent little coot.  He sat on the rail, and ate and ate;  The apples were small anil green ;  A clearer case of defying Fate  No mortal has ever seen !  1 sighed for him, and almost wept  When I thought of the grief in store  JTor his tired mother at home���alas!  He pulled ofT a couple more!  Then he slowly slid from the fence and left;;  I saiel to myself:���"Good-bye!  Threw days from now, my little man,  In the. graveyard you must lie !  "Out thereon the hill, where gleaming stones,  In many a slanting row  Remind us that we've got to pay  One debt that all men owe !  Fine. He's been sick in Vancouver,  and the doctor has ordered him to come  back home.  Old Gentleman���Hoav does mv son get  on ?  School Teacher���He's one of the best  students in school. I've no complaint  to make on that score.  Old Gentleman���That Avas the way  Avith me Avhen I went to to school. I'm  gla!d he's taking after his father.  School Teacher���But he's rather unruly at times, Mr. Hardcastle, and very  frequently has to be reprimanded for  fighting.  Old Gentleman���Well, 1 suppose it's  natural that he should have some of his  mother's striking* characteristics.  Boston   Girl���Did   you   ever!    The  I Arkansas Legislature  has enacted that  1 in all official proceeding* the name of  ! State shall be pronounced "Arkansaw."  Cultured Mother���It's monstrous!   If  our legislature should should insist on  such outlandish pronunciation of Massachusetts, it would cause the biggest  kind of an indignation meeting in Fun-  nell Hall.  BOAUI>tNO-HOUSE   GKOMKTItY.  This is the: season of the year  In Klondike,  When the foam freezes on the beer  In Klonelike,  And when a fellow would partake  Of something for his stomach's sake.  He has fo buy it by tlie cake,  In Kloneiike.  The frost falls every cloudless night,  In Klondike.  The ice has locked the rivers tight,  In Klondike.  Tlie snowball crop is ripening fast,  Until next August it will last,  Enough for every one's repast,  In Klondike-..  .The men who ncddle ice are glum, ���  In Klondike,  And wishing that the spring would come  To Klondike;  The barons Avho weigli out the coal  In ecstacies of laughter roll  To see the mercury hunt its hole,  In Klonelike.  The plumbers all wear diamond rings  In Klondike,  And sealskins are de rigour things  In Klondike,  It costs a hundred elollar note  To make .him shed his overcoat,  If you can't pay, Avhy. then, you float,  In Klondike.  The people sup and dine on stews  In Klonelike,  Comjwsed of worn-out overshoes,  In Klondike,  And sit and sigh, but not in bliss,  A nd often wish themselves, I wis,  e, save in  This Klonelike.  Tin*   Polite   Hindoo.  , In any old place, save in this,  Tin"   "Good-bye." 1 sighed again,  One lessou good and true  'I've learned  Don't be a pig because you think  Noboely is watching you."  He was gone !   I slowly turned away,  With a heavy heart and sad ;  And I dropped a silent tear that d��y,  For that fated little: lad.  A week bad fled, and again I chanced  To pass by that, fated tree;   ���  And when lit that drooping branch I glanced  A trill pasBed over me.  For there, on the fence, that urchin sat,  As he'd sat on that former day,  Cutting green apples into his hat,  To be secretly carried away ! o  Prckrngs F��>rp *fc  /Hotter* l^ode oF Wrtc  ^���A  ���'Prisoner at the bar," said his lordship, solemnly, having donned the  black cap, "you will shortly have to  appear before another, and���perhaps���  a better judge."  See the young woman. Is the young-  woman being suddenly and unexpectedly kissed? Ah, yes. And does the  young woman raise a hue and cry?  The young woman raises a slight hue  but no erv.  ������Laura," said the fond mother, "what  are the intentions of that young man  you are permitting to call on you so  often?"  "Never mind that. I know what mv  intentions are," answered the mothers  daughter.  ' *%>    '  Have you ever been through the St.  Lawrence rapids ?  No; but I married my third .wife last  week.  <%,  A great many girls say "no" at first;  but, Tike the ph'qtograplier.   they knoAv  hoAv to retouch their negates.  �� i  -������V j  Teacher (to pupil)���Johnic, what is a  demagogue?  Johnic���A demagogue is a vessel that  holds wine;, gin, whiskey, or any other  liquor.  Gibson���I don't think 1 shall put my  yacht into commission this season. It  costs too much nionev���a regular fund,  eh? .        "  Dumlev��� Yes. or a floating debt.  DEFINITIONS  AND  AXIOMS.  All boarding-houses' are; the same  boarding-houses.  Boarders in the same boardings-  houses and on the same flat arejsqual to  one another. ������������"--��� ^.---^.���.--���^--���^���������-���-"-���:���  A single room is that which has no  parts and no magnitude.  The landlady of a boarding-house is  a parallelogram���that is, an oblong and  angular figure, which cannot be described, but Avhieh is equal to anything.  A wrangle is the disinclination of tAvo  boarders to each other that meet together but are not on the same flat.  All the rooms being taken, a single  room is said to be a double room.  POSTULATES  AND  PROPOSITIONS.  A pie may be produced any number  of times.  The landlady can be reduced to her  loAvest terms by a series of propositions.  A bee line can be made from any  boarding*-house to any other boarding  house.  The clothes of a boarding-house bed,  though produced ever so far both ways,  will not meet. c  Any two meals at a boarding-house  are  together   less   than   two   square  When Lord Dufferin was viceroy of  India, he had a "shikarry," or sporting-  servant, Avhose special duty it was to  attend the visitors at the viceregal court  on their shooting excursions. Returning one day from one of these expeditions, the' shikarry encountered the  viceroy, who, full of courteous solicitude for his guests' enjoyment, asked :  "Well, what sort of sport has Lord   had?" "Oh," replied the scrupulously  polite Indian, "the young sahib shot  divinely, but God was very merciful to  the birds."  Woman's Wit situI Dr. Johnson.  URNE  GROCERIES,  DRY GOODS,  CLOTHING,  BOOTS & SHOES.  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES,  STOVES,  ENAMEL and TIN WA1 IE,  PAINTS, OILS, GLASS,  POWDER, FUSE, CAPS,  JESSOP & BLACK DIAMOND STEEL  CHATHAM WAGONS, ETC,  AT LOWEST PRICES, j  Ncav Denver, B. C \  Klondike!  '  i  Start from VANCOUVER j  Because        j  1. VANCOUVER is the best outfitting point on the Coast; goods  considerably cheaper than in the  United States.  2. VANCOUVER is the iieurestlport of departure to the Yukon District.  3. VANCOUVER is the terminus of the C. P.  Railway, whose steamers will start from  Vancouver this spring.  4. All north-bound steamers en 11 at VANCOUVER.  It. Direct, steamers to Yukon ports have now  commenced to run from VANCOUVER.  tl. VANCOUVER is the. only Canadian port  where passengers transfer direct fvom train  to steamer.  7. KLONDIKE is in Canada. Outfit in VANCOUVER and save 30 per cent. Customs  Dutv.  W. OODPREY,  President Board of Trade, Vancouver. B. C.  in  i  meals.  If from the opposite ends of the boarding-house a line be drawn passing  through all the rooms in turn, then the  stovepipe which warms the boarders  will he within that line.  On the same bill and on the same side  of it there should not be tAvo charges for  the same thing.  it there be two boarders on the same  flat, and the amount of side of the one  be equal to the amount of the side of  the other,each to each, and the Avranglc  'betAveen one boarder and the landlady  be equal to 'the A-vrangle betAveen the  landlady and the othei-. then shall the  Aveekly' bills of the tAvo boarders.be  equal also, each to each.  For if not, let one1, bill be the greater.  Then the other bill is less than it  might haAre been���Avhieh is absurd.  Dr. Johnson's tongue spared nobody,  and naturally enough if any one ever  got the better of him in a verbal encounter it Avas considered a memorable  victory.  In this spirit a Scotch family cherishes  an anecdote of his trip to Scotland. He  had stopped at the house for a meal,  and was helped to the national dish.  Dr. Johnson," said the hostess, "Avhat  do you think of our Scotch broth?"  "Madam, in my' opinion it is only fit  for pigs," was the answer.  "Then have some more,"said the woman.  A Georgia Temperance   Composition.  A small schoolgirl in one of the rural  districts of Georgia Avas told to write a  composition on temperance. She turned out the following : "Temperance is  more better than whisky. Whisky is  ten cents a drink and lots of it. My pa  drinks whisky. He has been full 118  times. One night he came home late  and ma went out and cut some hickories  and walloped him good. Then she  ducked his head in a tub of soapsuds  ancl locked him up in the barn. And  the next morning my pa said he reckon-  ep he'd SAvear off."  Two   Forbiddingr Picture*.  Th.  Windsor  RESTAURANT  In NEW DENVER is -always-ready .to do.  business. It has never closed its doors  on account of the little financial breezes  that blow adversely occasionally in the  Silvery Slocan. The weary and hungry  pilgrim has always been able to get his  wants, and in consequence they call again  when in tOAvn. Keep your eye on the  Sunday dinners.  JACOBSON & CO.  r  <)  11  ���  COLUMBIA  NEW   DENVER,   B C.  I >  ( I  l >  ���  < >  < I  O  ( I  f I  �� >  ( l  �� l  ( I  I  i  Silver   in India.  "What ever are you doing, Patrick?"  "Wakin' up your husband, ma'am."  "But why:-"' "Because it's tin o'clock,  ma'am, when I was to give him the  dhraps to make him shlccp."  "This heading, ���'French Duel; a Man  Hurt,' doesn't ml out the line by about  three-quarters of an inch," sung out  Slug 47. "Fill- out the line with exclamation points!" thundered the fore.- instead of London,  man.  India, continues to buy sih'er on a  large scale, notwithstanding the limitations enforced by a year of bad crops  and famine in certain districts. The  shipments from London to the British  East Indies for the eleven months ending with November are officially given  at ��(->,017,165 this year, against ��4,529,-  0*24 in lSOti, showing an increase of 32.8  per cent.; and at tlie lower prices of the  metal Avhieh have prevailed this year  the increase in the actual quantity of  silver must have been 40 per cent, at  least.  On the other hand,the shipments from  London to China this year have been  only ��401.597, or ��358,054 less than in  1896.. This has been partly made up  by larger exports from San Francisco  directly, anel by shipments from Australia. " Nearly all the silver from the  Broken Hill mines now goes to China  There was once an Irishman who had  a face that, as one of his friends once  remarked, \\ras "an offence to the landscape." Next to his homeliness, his  poA'erty was the most conspicuous thing  about liim. Hence the unsympathetic  comment of of a neighbor  "Hoav are ye, Pat?" he said.  "Mighty bad, sure; 'tis stai'A'ution  that's stafin' me in the face." was the  replv.  *'fs that so? Sure it cant be very  pleasant for ayther of yes." rejoined his  friend.  Mrs. Witherby���I saw a beautiful  arm chair ito-day for -*?H0 that I came  near getting.  Witherby���-Good heavens, you didn't,  did you?  Mrs. Wiiherby���No. I restrained  myself and bought a bonnet instead.  ��  ( i  Rooms and  Board.  1 ,* ��� ������'  Rates Reasonable.  This House is plastered  and is one of the most comfortable in the Slocan.  Everything new and first-  class.  N. C. DINGMAN.  1  OTEL 5AND0N,  7ft     VJV     -7ft     -7ft     -Tft     T?  Sandon, B.C.  'ipHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to aceommodate a large  number of Guests.      The building is plastered  and the rooms are  unsurpassed  for comfort in  the Slocan, Avhile in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunnng, Proprietor.  The Clifton House,  Kosebery  The  northern  connecting point of  the C. P. R. on Slocan Lake.  Rosebery  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations fin* a large number of lieople.     The rooms are large  and airy, and  the Dining Room i.s provided with everything  in the marker  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckle}', Prop.  *���. +%��� -^.  ���%, ������"fc, ���%.  ������%- <&��� -^ -^ -^  '%>'%.'*.-%'  ���^ *���-&. ���*���& *^i  k- ^ -^ *-%- i  -%.   ^   -<v   <*.!  Usrrfm  Has the only  Slocan City.  safe harbor north of  When some one with a monster foot  Comes doAvu upon your corn,  Hoav clearly you recall the fact  That man was made to mourn !  '���Pretty bad under Coot,'" said one  citizen to another, as they me'.t in the  streetr "Yes, but it's fine overhead,"  ���responded the other. "True enough,"  saiel the first: "but them very few are  going that way."  Has an  Immense  Stock of    Henry George's Race  Horse*.  j The Cairo (Eg\rpt) .Sphinx gives this  ! bit to the world-: The late Henry  George had a quaint humor of his own,  and could'tell a-good story against himself. During his: Australian tour one of  his friends in Sydney suggested to the  secretary of a local sporting club, that  it would be a great thing to send Mr.  George a complimentary ticket for the  race; meeting then at hand. The papers  were at tlie time; eleA'oting many  '*' j columns to the reports of George's meet-  "Sihg Sing !" shoeiteel the brakeman, ings and discussions on his doctrines,  as a Hnelson River train sloAved up at but the sportsman'hael evidently not  that station. -'Five years for refresh-! read them. "Who is Mr. Georgey" he  niemts!" yelled a passenger with short j asked. . "T never heard of him before.-'  hair bracelets, as he rose to leave'the I "Why. he's a man of world-wide  e*ar,'in charge of a deputy sheriff. I celebrity."  ^ !     "Does he own  any horses?" queried  ' the secretary..  "Yes; two verv fast trotters, Progress  RE^DY-SVfADE  Bobby���Ma, is it wrong for little boys  to tie tin kettles to elogs tails?  Ma���Decidedly wrong, Bobby. I  hope vou'll never do sue-h a thing as  that.  Bobby���No, imU-ejd. ma, a'l 1 do is to  hold the dog.  and PeiArerty.  "Oh, all right." said the hoav satisfied  sec-retarv, "here's a ticket for him.''  Kosebery  It is at Rosebery where the beauti- j  fui Slocan steamer ties up over night j  and where the employees can bring j  ! their families.  Rosebery  Lots were put on the market June 28 >  and are selling fast. You cannot;  afford to Avait if you want a lot. They ,  are going up.  Rosebery  Men are hoav grading and clearing |  j the townsite,  and  several   buildings  No   necessity    for j <are about to be erected.  freezing to death >  if yon have a few j ROSObery  dollars to invest Illl js destined to be the distributing cen-,'  this kind of Stock.; tre for the Slocan.  Call in. I  The prices will astonish yon.j  **.   -^  -%.  ^.  ,-*- -*- ^  ���%-  ���%>  ^  ���%,  -*. ^ ^  -*.  ^  ^  ���%���  -^  -%���  ���%.  ^     -^     4b-     **>  *b>      -V      -V  /%      ��*>      ^      -V  "-ft.      -^      **%.  -^^ *^^ ^^ --^^  '     '<%,      ���+,      ���+,  The assessment is $2 in dust,  Nuggets, or anything of Commercial value  If vou are 2'jing- to the Klondike  take a copy of THE LEDGE with  you.       It will cheer  you on the  journey   to   that   mecca   of gold'  seekers.  SBM-aa-ram  HBSBS  SILVERTON, B. C.  Th  Victoria Hot  Rosebery  Is tlie leading hotel of the  city, and headquarters for  Mining and Commercial men.  The house is new. the rooms  all plastered, and the furniture in use is of the latest  and most serviceable patterns  i ���  y sending  -%/  Guest (in restaurant)  bring me a. napkin.  Waiter���Sorry, boss, but  ele odder table's nsin' it. V  sah.  lire1,.   Avaiter.  gent at  (it  i' turn nex  Timid wife (to husband going to Europe on business)���Noav, dear, elo be  careful and not fall overboard, won't  you? Husband���To be sure; 1 will.  Don't Avorry : I will be all right. Timid  .vife���And if you s-iioulel get Avrecked  out in the ocean. John, i want you to  telegraph me at once.  Will become the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having abundance'  of Avater and being easv of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  The service in the Dining room is the best that can be  i rovided. The bar is replete with the best wines, liquors  and Cigars. JAMES    BOWES.  KgatsMMJ-u-a-g-ssiBasi^  SEE-ESS  ss-fflBassga  BSOSnCGRD  ���osebery  .V.*.J.ir-i   B  I Vou can olitjiiua cur."j:!  balance three and six  Have you heard from your son who  started for the Klondike; three months  ago ?'  Ves; got a telegram from him yesterday.  Mas he had anv luck y ���.: ���',  Bridget has the; kitchen full of her  company. Mistress (from the he;ael of  the stairs)���Bridget ! Bridget���Yes.  ma'am Mistress���it's ten--.::.' eve-lock-.  Bridget���Tank ye, ma'am :'-au" will ye  be so koind ry. to till tne; Avhin it  twelve-.     ������������'���*. ���;���: ���'.'* e* ������ ���  Carlyle's  Report  "!on the Slocan.  Terms, �� cash;  months.  For full particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General Agen  AMOS THOMPSON",  Manager.  ;;.  li. TIIO.MPSUX,  \v.  D.   MITCHELL*  Secretary.  Xotarv Public  R. STRATiHERN.  Jeweler  KASLO CITY. B.C  XKW DI--.VVER,   B.C.  Mines  ancl  Mining  Properties  for  sale.    Abstracts,    i-cc.  i     Air Tight Heaters anel  Box Stoves at: Correspondence solicited.  i Bourne 'Bros.   The   largest stock and      Agents for  Phoenix   Insurance Co.  | lowest prices in the Slocan. of London, Eng. .......  The; imly I'r-ii'tie*al WjiU-liniiikci* in tliu Knute-  luiy I>j.��trifl. < in'ieTs liy iti.iil yceivi; |iroiU|?  attention.  ALL. WROR' GIL\R.ANTKEI> THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 13, 1898.  Fifth Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months ���? - <-r>  Six "  ..:  1.25  Twelve; '; 2.00  Three years  , ���>-00  Transient Advertising, 25 cents jnjr line first in  sertion, 10 cents i>er line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable, avrite on both sides of the  jiaper if you wish. Always send something good  ��o matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot, aud we will do the rest !  A pencil cross in this square  indicates that your subscrip  tion is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look at  your collateral.   .  TBURSDAF,   JANUARY  13.  1898,  THK   CHINESE   QUESTION,  The appearance of a pioneer Chinaman in Slocan Cit3r a few days ago,  who evidently came to spy out the  land, brings before our mental vision  a panorama of the probabilities  of  some strange, experiences in the near  future when the cheap Celestial will  be domesticated and permanently in  stalled in every town in the Slocan,  as he is now in every town to the  north and south of us.    It is to be  expected that the C.P.R. will continue  to emploj7 Chinese on railroad section  work here as elsewhere,   in loading  and  unloading  cars as well  as in  cooking, firing and stewarding   on  board the Slocan   lake steamboats.  The railroad company will set the  pace for the mining companies and  show them how it can be done.   The  example of the Dunsmuires is copied  by the placer companies on Cariboo  where white men have been replaced by Chinese.   If this ean be done  at Wellington and Cariboo why not  -on other mining sections.   It is just a  matter ot growth and evolution which  such   autocrats as   "bet your boots"  ��� Van Home will take  pleasure and  profit in educating the community in,  for cheaper mining labor will ensure  higher freight rates.  It is to the malign influence of the  C.P.R. that we in this district, in common with the rest of the Province  stand indebted for the fearful influx  ot Chinese which is such a curse to  British Columbia to-day. Cheap labor is the cry of every such cormor  ant corporation when powerful  enough, as the C. P. R. is, to defy  public opinion.  For many years past and at present,  the railroad monopoly has been the  ruling power in Canada. It has been  the head and front of the ruling body  while the cabinet and legislature at  Ottawa has been and is, simply a  limp appendage set up as an automa  ton to nod acquiesance at the bidding of the corporation.  Under such conditions it is almost  hopeless to look for Dominion legislation   favoring   the   intestests  of the  public, and hence the bill introduced  by a British Columbia representative  asking that the poll-tax on Chinese  be increased to $500  has made no  progress.   It is  a   subject of paramount  interest not only to  British  Columbia but   to   the  Dominion at  large and the Laurier cabinet should  have made it a government question.  If the vital interests of British Columbia in   this   respect are  to remain  ignored at Ottawa, we shall be forced  to the conclusion that we have entered into a federal compact which has  proved one-sided, and it may be a  question of whether it is not advisable  to divorce ourselves from an alliance  in which we have no fair representation.  Washington are now a unit in favor  of a principle which but a few weeks  since they had an opportunity of  endorsing at the ballot box but rejected it ?  But even if it were true as the Review asserts, that Mr. Lewis'  constituents are now a unit in favor  of the annexation of Hawaii, what  does it prove ? Is the proposed seizure  of Hawaii, as a question of right and  wrong for the conscience of the  American people, invested with a  halo ot morality that it lacked hitherto? Unanimity is not necessarily a  virtue. Every page of history is  stained with sanguinary deeds of  cruelty by mobs who were "almost a  unit."  The following extracts from the  Spokesman-Review are probably from  the Honolulu government "Bureau of  information," which pays handsomely for space:  "Annexation would be beneficial to  the islands The present government is byiong odds the best Hawaii  has ever had. It is clean, progressive, representative, and in fine contrast to the the decaying, opera bouffe  royalty which has served as a mask  for all sorts of intrigues and corruption  in the past. But the present government, with all. its advantages, has its  limitations. It is beset by intrigue  and menaced by treachery, and is  eager to merge itselt into the American Union of states."  We might ask who has the best  right to pronounce on the merits of  annexation ; the natives and natur  alised citizens of Hawaii, who oppose  it, or the fillibustering usurpers who  were set up by a United States show  of force and are here styled the government?  The present so-called Hawaiian  government is "clean" in that it  spends the revenue on mecenary  bayonets to stand hetween it and the  people. It is "progressive" in being  a solid oligarchy, with the American  Sugar Trust at its head and the  ' 'rag, tag and bobtail" of American  ward-heelers at its nether-end. It is  "representative" in rigidly excluding  the natives and all who do not swear  by the rule of a family compact, from  all participation in the government.  As to the sneer at "opera bouffe  royalty " the Review might be defied  to point to any country that had a  more liberal constitution with better  laws under which life and property  were more secure.  In 1843 Great Britain and France  mutually  pledged themselves to respect the independence of the islands  and in the same year the congress of  United States   passed  an act which  pledged that nation to respect the independence of Hawaii and solemny  declaring   that   the   United   States  would in every possible Avay foster  the most friendly sentiments towards  tlie Hawaiian  nation.    But now the  Spokane  paper declares all this act  of congress to have been a   hollow  show, intended as an opiate to lull  the Hawaiians into a false sense of  security   while,   apparently,   every  administration from that of Buchanan  to  Blaine Avas   "shaping" to gobble  them up.  "For more than a half century  American statesmanship has been  shaping to this end���has been awaiting the ripening of that fruit."  The action of the Germans in seizing Kaio Chau bay is mild in  comparison to this annexation proposal of the United States jingoite, for  the Hawaiians have not even wounded a missionary.  Canada, as the first  in the same way as the English.1'  It   would   appear  from   this that  Secretary Sherman is laboring under  a delusion that "the English" are in  Hong Kong under sufferance, having  no more rights there  than the  Americans.   For the information of the  secretary of state Ave would state that  the island of Hong Kong was ceded  to the British fifty-three years since  by the treaty of Nanking "to be possessed in perpetuity by her Britannic  Majesty, her heirs and successors."  The island was then a barren fever-  smitten rock.    The island has now a  populatiou of. 10,000 Europeans - one-  third of  whom are British troops-  while the Chinese population has increased to 230,000, and the harbor to  which in 1844 no European or Chinese  had been   attracted   for  mercantile  gain sheltered last year over 13,000,-  000 tons of shipping, which stamps it  the largest shipping port in the world.  It is, moreover, a free   port, free to  the world.   The shipping   of every  nation enters it on  the same tooting  as that of the British who own it, and  the least  that  Secretary   Sherman  should do is to give Britain credit for  being the one maritime nation possessing the   power  and the right to  discriminate against her commercial  rivals and does not.   It is to the magnanimity of the British people that  Americans "are granted the port of  Hong Kong in the same way as are  the English."   This is a fact that Mr.  Sherman's tariff-tinkers  might make  a note of.  Itofclfcto lilfcl  eetrea!  Established  1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     896,850.04  HEAD    OFFICE,    MONTREAL.  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona and Mount Rofal, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches ia all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  F. J. FINUCANE, Manager:  tmnwwimwvtvmvunamwwmaii  I am offering special inducements to  my patrons in  Suitings  0. s.  Do not miss this opportunity  for our WorstedB, Serges,  Tweeds, Trouserings and  Overcoatings are the newest  and best in the Slocan country. Satisfaction guaranteed or   money   refunded.  RASHDALL.  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  FOR   PEACE   OR   WAR.  The latest news from the Orient indicates that for the immediate present  the war clouds are lifting.    The resolute attitude   of the British government proves that England is ready  for peace or, war.    As we predicted  last week the alliance between Great  Britain and Japan  is completed and  the latest is that Sir Alexander Bullock, the British commander-in-chief  in the China station, will, in the event  of hostilities, command the Japanese  navy also.   Great   Britain's position  in the   Orient   is   firmer than ever.  The action   of Germany in seizing  Kiao   Chau   bay will ' now prove to  have   been empty braggadocia   for  which an early retreat may be predicted,    The Chinese loan of sixteen  million pounds is already subscribed  in London, and Russia's chances of  mining and railway concessions are  indefinately postponed.  Britain's new position in the East  will open up new and improved  fields for Canadian trade.  A. n. Wilson,  The Reliable Slocan Tailor.  Williamson Block. New Denver.  Hoi for the.  Klondike!  A lecture will be given  illustrated by 140 Lime-  Light views by Mr. D.  M. Crowley, entitled,  " AROUND THE WORLD  TO ALASKA AND KLONDIKE "  In the  Methodist Church,  on  FRIDAY,   (to-morrow)  NIGHT-  Jan. 14, at 8 p. m  Tickets, 50c;   Children 25c.  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,  SOLD and BONDED.   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing,  H.T. BRAG DON,  New Denver, B.C.  B��sst Place  for It.  A bumptuous Englishman was  dining with a lady at a table d'hote.  Seated opposite them was a German,  on whose hands were some rings.  Alter gazing at the German the Englishman said to his companion: "I  hate to see a man with rings on." A  supercilious sneer was all the German vouchsafed. After a little the  Englishman again said to the Avoman:  "Do you know what I should do with  a ring if I had one?" Before she  could reply the German leaned across  the table and in a sulky growl said:  ' 'Vare it in your nose."  J-JOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M, Liondon, Eug*  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  on for  in  , -Ttv- vV-:-- ***r?��*t  *.n_J&iS2*iif.-  luiuiimamivirnBBia���Mmri.'.Mwmii  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of the largest  and best assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Kootenay,  and shall be pleased to quote  prices upon anything required  iu my line.  aaaaassis  M��.|.lT.IM.I.ILIIM 11 1.11. IWWI  Properties   examined   and   reported  tending purchasers.  Assay office and Chemical Laboratory,  vue ave. New Denver. B C.  Belle-  A.  DRISCOLL, C. E.,  I ominion & Provincial  La d Surveyor.  HAWAIIAN   ANNEXATION".  The Spokesman-Review is rampant  for the annexation of Hawaii.    Recently James Hamilton Lewis,   congressman for the state of Washington,  who is a man of singular ability and  honesty of purpose,   in addition   to  being an eminent lawyer,   met his  Spokane constituents and denounced  the proposed annexation as an outrage.   The Spokesman-Review states  that Mr, Lewis' opposition to annexation does not reflect the public sentiment of the State as we are told "the  people of Washington as of the entire  Pacific coast,  are practically a unit  in  their approval  of President Mc-  Kinley's  policy."   This is a libel on  the State of Washington, whose people  are honestly opposed to anything like  usurpation and robbery.    It is also a  transparent untruth, tor Congressman  Lewis is a Democrat of the radical  type, who has in all  his public utterances  before   as  after  election denounced Hawaiian   annextion,   and  having been elected by a sweeping  majority  by what process   has  the  Review discovered that the people of  and most important maritime power in the North  Pacific has a right to say to the United States  "hands off Hawaii."   If  the United States can advance one  reason why the island should be their  sole property Great Britain  can put  forward twenty, and as the Imperial  authorities have long since proclaimed to the United States and the world  that England will   not permit   any  power to interfere with the autonomy  of Hawaii in a manner that Avould in  the slightest degree  hamper British  commerce, we can smile at the absurd  antics of the republican jingo in his  Hawaiian   opera bouffe.    The   Hawaiian Archipalego is, commercially,  the most important spot in the North  Pacific Ocean and we can no more  afford to  allow it to pass  into the  hands of a possible hostile nation than  we can abandon Giberalter.  is  your   papa a  Teacher���Tommy,  Christian?  Toinmey���No'm ; he's a Baptist.  Slocan City. B.C  ap  Pr  om��  D  R. A. S. MARS'  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago  W. S. Drewry  Kaslo, B.C.  H. T. Twigg  New Denver, B.C.  Silk Brocatelle, Plush and  any Drawing Room���  Of Elegant, Useful Furniture.  Twenty styles of pretty Ladies'  Chairs.  in Cane, Reed Work and  Upholstered in French  Damask: ornaments for  each.  Handsome  and acceptable presents in Ladies' Secretaries, Bookshelves, Fancy Polished Tables at  $1.00 each.  HONG    KONG.  In an interview between a Herald  Washington correspondent and Secretary Sherman relating to Germany's invasion of China, Mr.  Sherman   is  reported to have  said :  "Our commercial interests are  satisfactorily protected at the present  time by treaties, and besides, at Hong  Kong���and we will probably have  the same rights at Kiao Chau���we  are granted the freedom of the port  Ancient  Egyptians,  Assyrians,  and Peruvians  Employed the art of embalming their dead on a great  scale. Of all ancient people  the Egyptians were the most  successful. Then they injected fluid that flows from  imperfectly burned wood,  which would of course contain  py roi igneous acid, creosote,  and other antiseptics. The  embalming art of ancient  years was better known than  in modern times. The body  of Edward I. Avas buried in  Westminster Abby in 1307  and in 1770 was found entire.  Canute died in 1086 and his  body was found fresh in 1776  in Winchester Cathedral.  A\Te do not know how long a body  will remain fresh, under the modern  treatment by one who understands  his business; but we do know that  Mr. Baker, our Undertaker and  Embalmei*, is as proficient in ihe  modern art as skill, experience and  training can make a man. We  have everything to provide skillfully  the requirements of Undertakers  and Embahner.s, and answer calls  at a moment's notice  WALKER BROS. & BAKER,  New   Furniture Dealers and Repairers  Denver's    Undertakers and Kmbalmers.  N. B.���We have the only practical Undertaker  and Embalmer doing business In the Slocan.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  ford, McNeil Code.  QM. WOODWORTH, M.A., LL.B.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCER. Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTATE  Slocan City, B.C.  F.  G. FAUQUIER,  NOTARY PUBLIC.  I have too much stock for the times,  and am reducing prices to cost of  freight   and   handling.       Another  largejcar has just arrived _for me  and is  siding.  Nakusp, B.C.  HOTEliS Op KOOTE^RY  SLOCAN HOTEL,  New Denver, H. Stege  ST. JAMES.  now unloading at Denver  Stock too heavy;  Prices to Zero.  Fifty dozen Al chairs at 60 cents each.  Fifty patterns of silk and other covers with trimmings lor sale by the yard  UNDERTAKING PARLORS, and Embalming  by a professor of the art. Caskets In Oak, Wall-  nut, Rosewood and Solid Metal. Coffin materials; cloth, handler, trimmings, Wholesale to the  trade. Agent for Owen's Chicago Embalming  1   Fluid. D.M.CROWLEY, Undertaker.  Near the Ledge office, New Denver.  Crowley,  Thirty years' practical  Upholsterer.  Assayers of b. g.  HOWARD WEST,  New Denver.  New Denver,  Angrignon Bros.  WINDSOR RESTAURANT.  New Denver, A. Jacobson & Go.  Brandon, B. C,  Assay Price List  THE FILBERT.  Sandon,  HOTEL  SANDON.  Sandon,  R. Cunning  J.  Silverton.  M. M. BENEDUM,  FRANK  Slocan City.  DICK,  THE CLIFTON HOUSE,  Sandon, John Buckley  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  HOTEL WELLINGTON,  Three Forks, J. S- Reeder I siocan City  J��.E. PALMER, C.E.  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE SURVEYOR.  Gold, Silver, or Lead,each   Gold, Silver and Lead, combined.  Gold andSilver   Silver and Lead   Copper (by Electrolysis)   Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead...  Gold and popper  ve  n.,  Mercury  Silver and Coppei  Gold, Silver and (  Platinum.  Copper.  P.O. Box 214.  Sandon, B.C  G  WXLLIM & JOHNSON.  (HcGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Ohemists.  B n  Iron or Manganese   Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each   Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each   Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and percentage of Coke, if Coking  Coal)   Tonus: '.Casli With Sample.  June 20tb. 18*35.  $1.50  3 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  4 00  2 50  2 50  300  5 00  2 00  2 00  200  4 00  0  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  Chas. A. Stoess.  Aaooc. M. Inst. C. E. M. Can. Soc. C. E.  CIVIL. ENGINEER.  Provino-i*! Land Surveyor.  Mining Strafing  XmIo, B. C. Fifth Year.  THE LEDOE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 13, 1898.  MY   CKBED.  I hold that Christian peace abounds  Where charity is seen ; tint when  We climb to he'aveu, 'tis on the rounds  Of love to men.  I hold all else, named piety,  A selfish scheme, as vain pretence.  Where center is not���can there be  Circumference ?  That I moreover hold and dare  Affirm where'er my rhyme may go-  Whatever things be sweet or fair,  Love makes them so.  "Tis not the wide phylactery.  Nor stubborn taste, nor stated prayers.  That makes us saints; we judge the tree  Bv what it bears.  And when a man may live apart  From worlds, on theologic trust,  I know the blood about his heart  Is dry as dust.  ���Alice Cary.  IUCK   IN   GOLD   MINING.  The newspaper scribbler, in want of  fresh copy, has a habit of telling tales  of blind luck and happy incident. A  drunken fool falls down on the hillside  and wakes from his turbid dreams to  find himself resting against a ledge of  white quarts gleaming with the yellow  metal; or an idle shepherd picks up a  stone to throw at a stray sheep, and,  realizing its unusal weight, shatters it  against a boulder to find it an open sesame to the the caverns of Aladdin.  Don't believe it! The blind goddess  fortune directs the miner's destiny less  frequently than the brotherhood of  pluck, energy and observation. There  is as much luck in mining as in all  things human, but hardlv more; there  is as much room for intelligent design  and careful foresight as in any other  business, and probably more.   " i  Illustrations borrowed from fact will |  be of service. When Thomas Kruse,  at Marysville, Montana, in the United  States,"was opening up the mine which  made him a millionaire, there came a  story of an old man driving a tunnel  into a mountain at a place where he  would find macadam for the road, but  no ore for the mill. When the crosscut  intercepted a wide vein or rich stuff,  men pointed to the incident as another  evidence of the hit or miss character of  ordinary mining. The real facts were  far otherwise.  "Old Tommy Kruse," as he is known  all over Montana, was a very shrewd  and sensible prospector. He had found  the outcrop of a promising lode on the  mountain side and had realized that,  while one man alone cannot sink a shaft  a hundred feet deep, he can, with his  own unaided energy, drive a tunnel for  several hundred feet. The tunnel cut  the vein, whose position he had previously determined. So Avas begun the  exploitation of a mine which has become famous in mining annals as the  Drumlummon. It iioav has about twelve  miles of workings, out of Avhieh has  come ore of a value approximating $14,-  000,000.  The Enterprise mine at Rico, in Colorado, Avas discovered by David SAvick-  himer. Picturesque stories are told of  the timely aid of a lottery winning and  of the haphazard penetration into a big-  ore body. The truth is quite as romantic. Never were correct reasoning and  indomitable pluck more fittingly re-'  Avarded.  Swickhirucr had been Avorking for  wages in the ground of the SAvansea  Mining Company, on NoAvman Hill. He  had learned tlie course of the veins  which Avere being there successfully  worked, and this 'knowledge was particularly valuable, because the true  rock���sandstone and limestone���is, in  this locality, overlain by several hundred feet of boulders and gravel of  lacustrine origin. The veins do not  reacli the surface of to-day, and hence  have no cropping to indicate their position.  Swickhimer left the Swansea mine  ^and located a claim, the Enterprise, to  the north. Me began the sinking of a  shaft, only to find that the porousness  of boulders caused a flow of Avater,  which hindered progress and made tlie  work very expensive. A pump was at  length purchased and it replaced the  bucket and Avindlass.  But in the meantime the SAvansea  Company was pushing its levels ahead  and would soon penetrate into Swickhimer's claim. Unless he found ore in  place his location Avould, by the terms  of the absurd American mining law, be  invalid. The sinking of the shaft was  hurried Avith a tireless energy which  surmounted all sorts of bad luck.  Eventually ore was struck, and the  lucky adventurer Avon his fortune,  ince then the Enterprise mine has produced $3,500,000 out of its eight miles  of underground workings.���T. Rickard  in Cassier's Magazine.  us all, be we what we may. There  is but one God whose smile makes  heaven. We travel by different  paths���oh, yes! We wear different  liveries, some showing the gorgeous  vestments of stately Catholics, some  the solemn drabs of the Quakers,  others black robes. But the paths all  lead to the same place, and the great  questions are, do we love the One we  seek, and have we loved and helped  those we travel with? John, make  Christ your church, and the mightiest  cannot harm you!' and, catching up  the scant folds ot my riding habit, I  fled from the only sermon I ever  preached in my life."  HINTS OF TUBERCULOSIS.  BEARS THAT MIGRATED.  A SKBMON FROM AN ACTRESS.  Clara Morris, the well-known actress, makes her first appearance as  an authoress in the Ladies' Home  Journal, presenting a grateful tribute  to an old and loyal servant--"John  Hickey: Coachman." In her maiden  effort as a story teller she records the  only sermon she has ever preached.  It was deliveaed to relieve her faithful retainer's suffering���brought  about through some fancied quarrel  with his church (the Catholic church)  ���in response to his wail: "It's hard,  madam���it's hard that a man should  be made to lose his soul."  "'Never say that again, John,'I  cried," writes the actress of the incident. " 'There is just one man created who can lose your soul tor you,  and that man is John Hickey."  "He looked at me a moment, then  putting one forefinger on my arm he  asked solemnly, 'Madam Clara, are  you talking as a Catholic or as a  Protestant now?'  "Laugh, I had to, though I saAv it  hurt the poor, bewildered one before  me, and belied the tears in my own  eyes. But I made answer quickly:  'I'm speaking neither as Catholic nor  Protestant, but simply as a woman,  who, like yourself, has a soul, and  does not want to lose it! Don't look  so unhappy! Your church is beautiful, great and powerful, but there is  One who is greater, more beautiful  and more powerful. In all the ages  there has been but One who left the  unspeakable joy of heaven to come  to earth to suffer and toil, to love and  lose, to hope and despair, and finally  give up His peifect life to an ignominious death! He paid too great a  price for souls to cast them easily  away.    There is but one Savior for,  Earlier   Evidence    Obtained    Fr��m    tb��  Blood Than Other-wise.  Disease, like a living organism, d��-  velops from an invisible beginning. In  other words, it doA-elops from an invisible entity into a visible entity. It is  generally believed'tliut there is a latent  6t.ige in (he dPA*eJopmentof all diseases.  In many discuses this is known as the  prodrome, which sooner or later de-  velops into tho active stage. Tuberculosis, in its doA'elopment, is no exception to tha general rule. In the so called  active si ago of tuberculosis there are  disintegration, and wasting of tissues.  Hence it is customary to dute the beginning of the active stage from the first  ���apparent evidence of disintegration. If  we traco tuberculosis backAvard from  tbe stage of visible disintegration, we  shall sooner or later reach a period in  its development in which the evidence  of disintegration disappears from the  patient. We thus pass from the visible  into the invisible realm. It is our purpose now to investigate this invisible  realm. The microscope reveals the fact  that the disease in tbia so called latent  stage is in program, though not apparent to the senses. That which is understood as the predisposition is now  seen in the blood elements as a condition. In tbe active stage of the diseiuM  we are studying tbe patient; now w��  are studying his leucocytes (or whit*  corpuscles). And I find that tbe law  that brings about disintegration in the  larger organism has already brought  about the same process in the leucocytes  at an earlier date. The teebnio which  I have adopted is divided into the fol-  loAving steps: (a) Preparing the blood  films, (b) fixing, (c) staining, (d)  mounting, and (e) studying the mounted specimen.  Tbe finger of tbe patient is cleaned  antiseptically and pricked with a  sterilized needle.  The drop of blood should  then be '��� used  immediately and a fresh  drop for each  film.   A cover glass held  in forceps is touched to the apex of  the  drop of blood, the drop coming in contact with tbe center of the glass.    This  is immediately placed upon    another  cover glass.    If tbe cover glasses  are  clean, dry and polished, the  blood  immediately begins to spread and  continues uniformly iu every direction.  " Almost  all  animal   tissues    possess  great affinity for stains.   This is true of  cell tissues as Avell as of the gross tissues of  the  animal   organism.    Before  studying tho appciiraiice of  cell tissues  in disease, it is first necessary to  fix in  one's  mind  the  shade  or  tint   that a  staining solution communicates to cell  tissues in the normal state.  This can be  done only by long and persistent study.  It   then  becomes comparatively easy to  recognize abnormal conditions by a variation in the staining reaction of these  tissues.  A careful study of 100 tuberculous  cases, including all stages of the disease, has shoAvn conclusively that the  law that brings about disintegration in  a tuberculous patient brings about tbe  same process at an earlier date in tuberculous leucocytes. From the condition  of the various cell tissues observed in  these cases, I feel justified in making  the following deductions: First, it is  possible to estimate the degree of the  tuberculous condition; second, it is  possible to estimate tbe degree of the  recuperative power. I do not wish to  give tbe impression that it is an easy  task to interpret the phenomena presented in a specimen of tuberculous.,  blood and from tbem to reach a diagnosis, but it can be done, and when it  is properly done it furnishes a diagnosis  based upon the fundamental principles  of biology. Hence, from a study of the  foregoing cases, I feel justified in claiming that the blood, aided by the microscope, together with a uniform and accurate technic, furnishes a means of  making a positive diagnosis of the tuberculous condition early enough to allow of effective -treatment.���Address of  Dr. A. Mantfleld Holmes of Denver at  Pan-American Medical Congress.  Instance* of Their Gathering: and Marcli-  ing Away Together.  Manly Hardy writes to The Forest  and .Stream about bears that migrated:  "lhe first notice of these migrations  is to be found in a book by John Josse-  lyn, entitled 'NeAV England Rarefies  Discovered,' published in 1873. In this  book be says that great companies of  bears sometimes traveled across what is  probably the Piscataqua river.  "About 70 years ago, early in September, my father one night witnessed a  bear migration. The night was a dark  one. Tbe bears came to the,east bank  of tl^ Penobscot river in the town of  Orriugton, about seven miles below Bangor. The bears could be beard calling  and answering each other till low water,  when they took to the water, swam  across and landed on the Hampden Bide.  In the morning it was fcssid that a  large nuniber had crossed. My father  saw their tracks across a single plank  in a shipyard.  "Again, about 80 years ago, a friend  of initio, Henry Olapp, Avho is quoted in  Cassino's 'Standard Natural History' as  nn authority on bears, told nie that during the fall be had gone on a trapping  trip, but had found few bears, till one  morning in November after a snowfall  he found the tracks of nine different  bears, all headed up one little valley.  For several days after that more bear  tracks Avero found, all beaded in tbe  same direction���from east to west. They  denned up Avben it came time to do so,  and in the spring headed east again.  "It is believed among sportsmen that  bears go back into the woods to den up  und come to the vicinity of the clearings every spring, but extensive migrations by hears are as little heard of as  those of wild turkeys and prairie chickens. What naturalists do not understand  is how tbe animals, which usually scatter over miles of territory, know how,  when or where to get together for their  trips."  Increase Your Business and Make Money  Full Prices.   Correct Selection  HANDLING  Ropes and Tags Furnished Free  Hides, Pelts, Wool,  TALLOW, GINSENG, SENECA.  Write for Circular giving" Latest Market Prices  IMMEDIATE REMITTANCES.  jas. McMillan & co.,  NO COMMISSION CHARGE.  200-212 FIRST AVE. NORTH.  me.     Minneapolis, Minn.  Cl.s.j  A CLEVER FORGER.  But   So  Orershot   the    M��rk   and   Was  Trapped by the Bank*  Not long ago there stood before the  paying teller's window of one of New  York's big banks an unctuous little  man smiling blandly over a $ 100 check.  Signature, indorsement and every detail  were correct. To make assurance doubly  sure, tbe little man explained with  some insistence, "You see, I have had  my indorsement certified."  The check was paid .without hesitation, but the. teller said to himself,  "Why is that idiot standing there A-dfcli  such a broad grin, trying to fix bis face  on my memory?" And duly he took  note.  A few days later tbe man appeared  at tbe Avindow again, his countenance  distended in the same smile, with another check from the same firm. The  indorsement Avas certified in exactly the  same avuv, and this time tbe amount  was $900. There Avas absolutely nothing wrong with the check on its face,  and it came from.a well known customer of the bank. "In spite of all," said  the paying teller, "something told me  timt fclluAv Avas a crook. So I said I  should have to look np the account before it could be paid, and while he  waited 1 slipped around to the firm's  oilier, Avhieh was only a short distance  aAvay.  "The check was examined and pronounced perfectly good, and I was about  to walk away Avben the bead of the  firm said: 'W-iiy, hold up. We've issued  no checks this morning.' And then I  Aveut back a::d bagged my crook. He  bad first sold the firm a bond and got  his original $100 check in payment.  This be had used to imitate the firm's  signature on the second and likewise  to impress me with the fact that he was  all right, so that when he came around  a second time lAvould not bother him."  ���O. D. Lanier in Soribner's.  THOS. R. McINNES,  CANADA,  PROVINCE OF  BRITISH COLUMBIA.  VICTORIA, by the Grace of God, of tlie United  Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland  Qukek, Defender of the Faith. &c , &c, &c.  To Our faithful the Members elected to serve in  the Lc^iKlative Assembly of Our Province  of British Columbia at Our City of Victoria���  Ghkktino.  A PROCLAMATION.  A. G. Smith, Deputy Attorney-General.  WHEREAS, We are desirous aiid resolved, as  soon as may be, to meet Our people of Our  Province of British Columbia, and to have their  advice in Our Legislature:  NOW KNOW VE, that for divers causes and  considerations, and taking* into consideration the  ease and convenience of Our loving subjects, We  have thought fit, by and with the advice of Our  Executive  Council of the Province of British  Columbia, to hereby convoke, and by these presents enjoin you, and each of you, that on Thursday, the Tenth day of the month of February,  one thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight,  you meet Us in Our said Legislature or Parliament of Our said Province, at Our City of Victoria, FOR THE DISPATCH  OF BUSINESS,  to treat, do, act, and conclude upon those things  which   in Our Legislature of the  Province of  British Columbia, by the Common Council of Our  said Province may, by the favour of God, be ordained.  In Testimony Whereof,   We have caused  these Our Letters to be made Patent, and  the Great Seal of the said Province to be  hereunto affixed:    Witness, The Honourable  Thomas  R.  McInnes,   Lieutenant-  Governor of Our said Province of British  Columbia, in Our City of Victoria, in Our  said ProA-ince.this thirtieth day of December, in the year of Our Lord one thousand  eight hundred and ninety-seven, and in the  sixty first year of Our Reign.  Bv Command.  JAMES BAKER,  Provincial Secretary.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS-  Mammoth Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay    District.     AVhere located:    Adjoining the Mountain Chief, Carpenter Creek.  ���TAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg, agent  1   for John A. Finch, Free Miner's Certificate  No. 1074 A., Alfred W. MeCune, Free Miner's Certiiicate No. G1727 and George  AV.  Hughes, Free  Miner's Certificate No. 041)75, intend sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate   of  improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  I the above claim.  I    And further take notice that, action,  under  i section   37.   must   he commenced before the  issuance of such certiiicate of improvements  Dated this l.'ith day of Januarv,1898.  HERBERT T. TWIGG..  NOTICE.  Girls.  An Odd Profession.  A, London firm which rents wedding  gowns to brides also furnishes a  "father" to give the bride away when  the marriage takes place too far away  from home to admit of parents and relatives being present. This professional  father, as he might be appropriately  called, is an ex-major in tbe army and  a member of a fine old family. But be  is poor and willingly gives away a bride  for a small money consideration. He is  said to look Jiks a model father, with  snowy hair and a kind and lovable expression. Sometimes he is called upon  to manage a Avedding breakfast, and 1*^  is said to be a charming speaker. Surely this is one of the oddest proi'fssiontf  of advanced days.  No Home, No Review.  Soon after tbe queen's accession a big  review was contemplated in Hyde p.irl"  Her majesty intended appearing < .  horseback and every precaution was  taken to insure her safetv by properly  training the royal charger on which she  was to be mounted. Lord Melbourne,  the prime Banister, took exception to  tbe arrangement and urged that it  would not be proper fer her majesty to  appear except in one of the royal carriages. "Very well," said the queen,  "no horse, no review." And there was  none that summer.  Practical Education f<  ^Little girls in the primary grades  could perfectly well be interested in  their clothing���in the questions why  dark clothing is more serviceable  than white; why woolens are more  wholesome for people who are doing  hard bodily work than cottons; why  cleanliness is needful for the health of  the skin, especially in the case of  babies and little children. In the  fifth grade the children are old  enough to understand and take a keen  interest in the simple principles of  laundry work or dyeing; and their  arithmetic might well concern itself  with the cost of foods, the length of  time that a garment may be expected j  to wear as a factor in determining the  relative prices of goods, the cost of  daily chewing gum and cigarettes  compared with the cost of books  bought at regular intervals, or of annual trips to suburbs and parks.  Nothing in His Head.  A few days ago the inspector, in  examining a class of boys in one of  the public schools in Glasgow, was so  pleased Avith the answers of one little  boy to his questions that he clapped  him on the head and said:  ''Well done, little man, there is  something in your head."  The little man looked up and earnestly said: "No, six; there is nothing  in my head; my ma combed it out  this morning."  Nelson Division, West Kootenay District.  A COURT OF REVISION*" AND APPEAL un-  ��1 der the Assessment Act, 1888, and its amending acts will beheld at the Court House, Nelson,  B. C, on Monday, the 24th of January, 1898, at 10  o'clock in the forenoon.  J. \V. GOEPEL,  Judge of the Court of Revision and Api>eal.  Nelson, B. C, 27th December, 1808.  Parson's  Produce  Company  Winnipeg,  Manitoba.  Wholesale  dealers in  Butter, Eggs,  Cheese, Apples,  Poultry and  Cured Meats.  The largest handlers of these  goods in Western Canada. All  warehouses under perfect system  of cold storage. Full stock carried  at Nelson, U. C. For prices write  or wire  V. J. KUSSKLK.:  Manager of Nelson Branch Parson's Produce Company  Police. Magistrate (at Dosplains street  station)���Tliu fhio.t'or attempting* to hold  up this man will be S3.  Holdup Man  (deeply  hurt)���It ain't  fair, v'r honor !   1 didn't get a cent from | ~    ~   him. * I'll have to pav  it out of mv own ! THE SILVERTON MINER'S UNION  i x No. 71,  FLOCASTO,  New Denver.  TOBACCONIST,  NEWSDEALER,  and STATIONER,  Imported and Domestic Cigars, To-  baccoes, Fruits and Confectionery.  pocket!  "Darling," he said, "your eyes are as  bright as diamonds, your teeth as white  as pearls, your lips as red as rubies.and  ���and���" "Yes, George." she replied,  sweetlv, "and you're as  emerald." Then George  the jet black night.  green as an  went out into  "W.   IF1.   "M.  Meets every Saturday night.  C.   McNICHOLLS,    Presidenc  CHAS.  BRAND, Secretary.  Baby carriages, fancy upholstery and  urniture at CroArley's. '    f  THOS. ABRIEL  CUSTOriS BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B. C.  J.R.& B. GaroerqR  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing'  ���: in the:���  ��� -   Latest Style  ���: of the :���  Tailofs    flffc.  shops at THREE FORKS & SANDON.  The ox       Y. I��.i..l   ^  NEW DENVER, B.C  Is a new house, with newfurniture and everything comfortable  for the taaveling public. The bar has the best goods in the  market. ANGRIGNON BROS., Proprietors.  The Jefa-  reero  of  The Ledge  Is the finest west of the Red River   The   Ledge   carries    the  largest stock of Printing Stationery in Kootenay, and can do  finer work than any print shop  west of Lake Superior. ���.   There are offices that quote  seemingly lower prices, but quality considered, The Ledge is  lower than any. No Chinese or  blacksmiths employed. Send orders by mail, express, freight or  pack train.    ��� Ifyou.arein the Slocan  metropolis call  in and see  our plant, but do not touch our bull pup's pup, or allow the cyclone  caused by our fast cylinder press to blow your plug hat out ot the  rear tunnel. Come in folks Avhen you have any job printing to  do, or cash that, is too heavy to carry, and we will give you a  profitable solution of your trouble.    Come, gentle pilgrims, come.  FEED J. SQUIRE  Nelson. B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings aWavs on hand.  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevey, Slocan Lake, B.C. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 13, 1898.  Fifth Yeap.  By A. L. DUANE.  We were going to L.irope. ��� ii'iv. Wallis bad wriiUu ro me at Christmas  time, Avhicb I spent in tlie City of  Mexico Avith Jack Darrell aud his  wife, asking me to accompany he".  My   pocketbook happened to   be un-  me  ��Bually "high grade''' just then���to  a westernisni���as   Jack   bad taken  flown to Mexico in his   private car and  fiven me  no opportunity   to squander  my modest income, so  I wrote  to Airs.  Wallis and accepted ber invitation.  NeAV STork was almost as much of a  foreign city to us as any Ave Avould see  on the otic - side of the Atlantic, but  although o.,.* stay tliere had been circumscribed by the New York hotel, the  best shops and the passable theaters,  and in the nature of things Ave could  aot expect to be escorted doAvn to the  pier by tbe proprietors of any of these,  boAvever sorry they might be to witness  our departure, being accustomed to the  ready friendships and cordial relations  of the -went, we felt a trifle blue at having no goodbys to say.  There Avas a regular confusion of  passengers and their friends all about  ns, hut not as many tragic seen en as I  hail expected from tbe novels I hud  read, judiciously padded with the descriptions of ocean voyages made by  herons going over to finish their education, or heroines flying from Iheir un-  bappinesses.  Who isn't acquainted with the youth  or maiden A\*ho sits on deck and likens  his life to the stately ship plowing its  nay through rolling  billows, or sees iu  **Ja it mv 'profession' you would know,  'madame?"  the waves of   molten  gold  the   kind  friends who Avould cover her from the  ���world?   We didn't see  anything   like  that.    I do not even remember anybody  who stood on the deck for a last look at  Fire   island  and   a chance   to exclaim  "Farewell, my native land!"   Most of  them seemed  like -us to   be  going over  for the first time, and, also like ub, trying hy  their easy manners,  nautical  talk   and  elaborate  array   of   steamer  chairs, steamer caps  and  steamer novels   to  be  giving   the impression   that  crossing  the Atlantic  was   an  experience as familiar as riding on horse cars.  Mrs. Wallis and   I  had finished   our  educations, such as they Avere, long ago.  "We  had  no  misery  to   escape.   (Mrs.  "Wallis'   husband   was  dead, and  mine  was to be got. J So as Ave hud noroman  tic roles to  play AA-e  began   our voyage  with the  utmost  conventionality.    We  wrote as impressive  looking   letters as  anybody  and  gave  them   to the  pilot  when  he loft us.    Mrs. Wallis' was   to  her   housekeeper,   and    mine  to  Susie  Messsrsmith, tolling her she might ride  my horse while I avus away, but nobody  knew that thoy Avere not the longed for  last words to some bereaved devotee.  And after that ceremony Ave were  fairly off.  The sea was as calm as it usually is  betAveen the months of May and September, and there Avas no exouse for  seasickness on the part of anybody, bo  we walked the decks and posed as old  sailors in the possession of stomaohs  whoffe self possession had never been  called into question.  As Mrs. Wallis and I strolled along  arm in arm trying to think of some  sensible and ladylike remark that would  be open sesame to the captain's attention and favor we noticed a gentleman  who was walking in the other direction, fee* upon our line, aud who consequently met. us at every turn.  "Watoh him t::ke in your feet," Mrs.  Wallis said flatteringly. If there is one  thing that I do pride myself upon, it  is my feet. They were looking unusually well that day, as I had realized the  conspicuousneas of shoes on a deck  promeuade.  He avbs a tall, dark man with a  tAvisted mustache and almost, stem  black eyes, just that masterful sor- of  eyes that women past their early girlhood and Avho have lived in the world  are fend of. Poor innocents, Avhon they  are young thoy can find a master in almost any sort of a man. There Avas  limbing bold looking about tho prome-  EiihIct, but he gave us sick* glances that  lid not moan ufl.er indifference.  ���'lie' mr.Hi- be somebody," Mrs. Wallis  mid. "be.":i'.ise you see he i? an Italian  or a Spaniard or something, and in  those countries the middio and lower  classes do not look like gei'th-uion. I'll  wager you something he is a count at.  the very least."  "Pouf!"    And   I   bleAv   my lips   oui  TVitb scorn, but still some of tlie air castles that I had kept in reserve since my  aarly girlhood   for   those   seasons when  my devoted admirers did not suit me or  I had none  aud which   had   arisen like  magic when Ave began to talk of Europe.  went visionlike before me.    "Counte.--:-'  sounded   sweet   in  my   ears.     Com.:.  prince, Avhatever he  might   be, he i.'iv-  tainly Avas interested   in   w.    Not tii;;:  he presumed iu the   least, hut who::  went on deck   the   second   morning i :;t  steamer   chairs were   stretched   in   n*  pleasanteet  place, with   our  rugs coin  ���fortably adjusted, and  tbe  steward, a.-;  he brought us  a basket  of fruit, mentioned that "the gonlleman" bad ordered if brought up as scon as,we took possession of tlie chairs.    We ate  the fruit  and let the   steward   continue  to think  that he in some sort belonged to us, although we had not  exchanged a single  word.    That evening it began to blow,  and the swell tossed the ship about in a  most  uncomfortable,  manner.    We did  not stay up to  see  bow many real, old  travelers there were among the pretenders, but   ignominiously retreated to the  delusion which the cabin grants.    The  light was just struggling in through the  round .window   of  our  stateroom   the  next   morning   when   the    steAvardess  made  her  appearance, bearing  a  tray  with a bottle, two  small  glasses and a  card.    I was quite  exhausted  from my  horrible night, but  I found strength to  read the card.    On   one side avus neatly  engraved, "Henri Valois, Paris."  Mrs. Wallis was mistaken. He was u  Frenchman after all. On the other side  avus Avritte.n in a most gentlemanly  hand with a pencil:  "If madame and mademoiselle will be  so good, indeed, as to drink the contents  of the bottle by the glassful at intervals, they Avill find no more mal de  mer."  "Maybe it's poison," Mrs. Wallis  groaned, but I had reached the desperate stage when poison Avas preferable to  seasickness, and she followed me in ;  taking a glassful of tbe 'colorless stuff.  I don't knoAV what it was. lAvisb I did,  but the second glassful certainly put us  upon our feet.  I impressed upon Mrs. Wallis my  sense of tbe kindness of an entire  stranger, and that she must give him  our most cordial thanks.   ���        ��� ,:  We found our steamer ohairet again  iu place just where the evening sun  Avould strike past them, but leave our  faces in shadoAV, and lounging-near  them was Mr. "Henri Valois.'.'  "That is a very interesting and aristocratic name," Mrs. Wallis had said,  holding the card in one band and her  lorgnette in the other. As she critically  examined it, "Valois���Valois���Avasn't  there a king or something with a name  like that?"  I suggested that this might be a  branch of the family with the bar sinister, and then Mrs. Wallis said positively: "Then that settles it. He is a duke,  or a due, at the very least. Those kings  always gave titles and estates right and  left to that sort of connections. I'll  find out!"  To do her justice, she made valiant  efforts to keep her word.*  As we took possession of our chairs it  was the most natural thing in the  world that Mrs. Wallis should smile  sweetly and bow invitingly to a gentleman who had been of such service to  us.  Mr. Valois (we longed  to  say  monsieur, but; Avero conscious that the  pronunciation   of   French    by   westerners  would hardly soiud Parisian to  native  ears)   responded   with   open    delight.  And   then    began   a   most    delightful  friendship.   He was not only extremely  distinguished looking,  so  that  it .was  Avitii a calm   joy and   hearts free  from  carking  jealousy that Ave looked  upon  the  other  parties  in   the ship  as  we  three sat or walked   or dined   together,  but Mr. Valois   had   been   everywhere,  knoAV everything   that  came up  in the  world,   spoke  several   languages,   and  could tell  an adventure equal   to Rider  Haggard.    I   remember  one  night���it  was the evening before Ave reached Cork  harbor���we sat on the  deck  until  the  rnoou came up out of the dark sea.  Mr.  Valois was telling  us of  an adventure  that a party of  gentlemen had encountered in southern Italy.    They were going by  private carriage from one point  to another when they were set upon  by  brigands.  From the minute description  that  he  gave of  everything  he  muet  have been there, but  he did not.  speak  of  himself once.    There was a certain  Marquis de St. Lippe who had   put his  pistol   to  the chief  bandit's head  and  voAved he Avould shoot him dead if any  of the bard lifted a finger and had made  the villain order off  his men, Avho  figured as the hero.   I can see. him now as  be sat  on the  camp  stool, leaning excitedly   forwa.rd,   the   words  clipping  after  each  other  on   his   tongue,   the  white moonlight and the excitement of  his story making  his eyes all   aglitter.  After we Aveut into  our stateroom Mrs.  Wallis  turned   to  me Avith  suppressed  excitement:  "Don't you seo it? He is tho Marquis  de bt. Lippe himself. No man ever took  that much interest in his friend's adventures. "  After that Mrs. Wallis tried  with all  the smartness of the tiaditinnnl Yankee  to bring out some detail of  Mr. Valois'  private history, but that   was tho  only  subject upon which he was silent.   One  day when she had been unusually pressing   he   turned   suddenly, and, smiling  in her face, said in  his peculiar, rather  short sentences: "I.s  it my 'profession'  you Avould  knoAV, madaine?   France  is  |  nut like America.   All men do not oast j  accounts nor keep a shop.    It   is dio'er-  ent.   I am a traveler from one beautiful  *  city tn another. " I  Alter that madame retired from her  researches, abashed, hut ever since the  night, r.f the story of the bandit adventure Mrs. Wallis had addressed me as  "the marquise."  It did no good for me to try to laugh  ber fancies  aAvay and tell her that Mr.  Valois had never hinted a Avord of love-  ma k'ug to nie.    She always said, "Just  as i hough, Jean   Medlicott, I  bad  not  dived   in   this  world   long   enough   to  jknn,v the difference  between flirtatious  [attentions and  that  deferential service  <u r.'iin gives   to   a woman he   means to  jtviu!"  >���.   >,'��� iwithstanding    my   disclaimers  I  felt   rather   like a marquise already.    I  fully realized that to marry a French  nobleman \ us decidedly different from  the brilliai destiny attained by some  r,f our Arm rican women in marrying  English du^es and lords, but even a  L>'-ro;;ch com:-:, if he is genuine, is not  to be despised in a land where the only  man with any sort of title that you  have   any   chance of  marrying  is  au  army lieutenant. I have hardly enough  money to buy a title in the regular  market, but a bargain sometimes falls  in my way. Mrs. Wallis and I both felt  that this encounter was an unusual piece  of luck.  For the last year or two people who  were interested in my affairs had begun  to make allusions to that typical maid  .who went through and through the  thickeLaud picked up a crooked stick  at last$and to suggest that a crooked  Mick avus a better support over the rugged roads that lie over the end of life  than no staff at all. I didn't mind their  advice, but I bad long ago made, up my  mind that it was going to be the most  beautiful wand to be found or no staff  at all, and as luck would have it here  it lay across my path.  And still nothing was settled, but  Mrs. Wallis declared she kneAV what  she knew, and certainly no queen and  princess royal were ever served as gallantly as Mr. Valois attended upon  Mrs. Wallis and me.  Thero was a little boat came off at  QueenstOAvn, aud several of the passengers left us. We were Avatching them  embark, when I saAv Mr. Valois give a  note with some English money to one  of the departing ones. Mrs. Wallis  looked a little anxious. I hardly know  what she thought it could be, but when  we reached Liverpool we discovered.  There %vas a carriage waiting for us on  the pier. The coachman tipped his bat  respectfully to Mr. Valois. Evidently he  was no stranger. We had told Mr. Valois that we meant to go to the Lang-  ham hotel in London and that was  about the ] extent of our information.  He had suggested that we stay a day in  Liverpool and rest before we took the  journey up to London, and now we  found that he had telegraphed from  QueenstOAvn for our rooms at the Adel-  pbi.  "I took the liberty," he said, smiling  in at  the  carriage door. "I will Bee  our own language waa spoken we would  begin to draw comparisons with  America and belittle the magnificence  of England. But Avhile we were here  there were a few places that we must  see. Mr. Valois, Avho evidently knew  London iike a book, sr.goested that instead of tbe Langham we should go to  a small hotel, almost like a private  bouse, and characteristically English,  wh��:re the maids brought the hot Avater  up iu jugs and pots of flowers bloomed  on our parlor Avindow sills. From here  we made excursions into the old world  about us, and it was here that we had  afternoon tea and dinner by the soft  light of avax caudles., Mr. Valois was  constantly with us. My air castles were  I wanted, to knoiv if lie made lore to her.  that your luggage is sent to you and  will.meet yon at the station tomorrow  afternoon if I do not see you before."  "Oh, but Mr. Valois," Mrs. Wallis  cried, putting her head out of the Avin-  doAv, "you must come, up aud dineAvith  us tonight."      .  ���"With pleasure, madame."   And the  carriage drove on.  Mrs. Wallis leaned back in the cushions. "Well, you are a lucky girl! Did  there ever live another man as thoughtful?"  There had been something hovering  on my tongue for a day or t\vo. I didn't  mean it for anything lint the most, teasing remark, and I didn't believe it in  the least, but I said it,: "Indeed, I  barely think it is I wbo happen to be  the lucky one. It seems to me be pays  you a great deal the most attention."  Mrs.   Wallis   is  40,   but   extremely  stylish and a fully equipped woman  of  the world in most things, but to my utter surprise she met my little sally with j  an embarrassed laugh and a vivid, burn- j  ing blush.    In my astonishment I could  not take my eyes*  from   her  face.    She ;  was turned away from  me, looking out '  of the window. ;  "Oh,    ho,    my    dear   madame!"   I *,'  thought.    "Is it thus the wind IiIoavs?" ;  it would be a fine finish to hoi* life to ���  die a marquise.  It was necessary to look j  to my laurels.    I, Jean Medlicott, find- ,  ing a rival in Mrs. Wallis!   Oh, it was \  too absurd   to think about.    Mr. Valois ;  came around   to   dinner   that  evening,  and f put on my prettiest dress.   It was I  a pale green thin thing, and   I thought  I  lonkod   unusually   Avell   until   I   saw  Mrs. Wallis  in   all of   ber Avar   paint.  She avus   positively regal  in a dark red  velvet and   black   lace.    Her   beautiful  hair was  piled   high, and   there Avas a ,  diamond   here and there.    After dinner '���  Mr. Valois: took us to the theater to see ;  Mary Anderson.    I   shall   never   forget  that evening.    My dreams seemed to bo  all broken up.   My castles Avere coming  flown like cards.    Mrs. Wallis was evidently in love with Mr. Valois, although  he Avas fully  ten   years   her  junior.    I ���  must have been blind not, to  have seen  if before.    And he? He was charmingly  courteous to me, but that  grand deference   Avas   as  certainly   paid    to  Mrs.  Wallis.  We all went up to London the next  day. All the way Mr. Valois spoke of  tbe sights to be seen in the great  metropolis, but begged us to make a  short stay there at first, going over to  tbe continent for awhile, and then coming back. He said���very justly���thait  coming at once   into  a   conn try Avhere.  np ag-ain. I began to see differently.  Mr. Valois treated Mrs. Wallis as he  Avou.iiI have treated my mother, and be  seemed perfectly unconscious of her  infatuation for him.  But for the first time since we had  known each other there was a little  coolness betAveen Mrs. Wallis and myself. It was nothing defined, just one  of those uncomfortable, constrained  states that seem to come sometimes betAveen friends like tbe breath of a north  Aviud.  One day we had been drinking tea  and were standing about with the. cups  in our hands when there Avas a commotion in the street. There bad been a  collision between a carriage and a cart.  The occupant of the carriage was just  alighting as we looked out. He Avas a  small, wizen faced creature in the most  correct afternoon costume, aud he seemed to he in a terrible rage.  Mr. Valois looked and then started.  "What!" he cried   excitedly.   "That  is   the  Prince  Gortcboff.    I will go to  him."  But just then the old man stepped  into the carriage again aud Avas driven  off. A maid had just come in after the  tea things.  Mr. Valois took a card from his pocket, wrote something on it and, putting  it into an envelope, bade tbe maid run  doAvn and send the missive after the  old gentleman's carriage. It was all  done in a second, but.Mrs. Wallis and I  looked at each other. We had seen that  the card Avas not like the one Mr. Va-  | lois had sent us. There was a title after  | the name.  i > The next day Mr. Valois didn't come  I until evening. Mrs. Wallis was out  I first, evidently waiting for him. As I  ; opened my room door to go into the  ��� parlor I saw that thev were in earnest  ; conversation, aud I could hardly help  overbearing a little of it, and I did  want to know if he made love to her.  , He didn't.  "And did you go to see the prince���  1 I cannot remember his name?" she ask-  ! ed SAveetly.  ! "Prince Gortcboff? Yes, madame; I  : was with him today. He is a Russian,  one of the great nobles of that empire.  \ Hast saAv him in Vienna, to Avliich citv I  ! bad traveled with him from St. Petors-  I burg."  ��� I could ses Mrs. Wallisfairly pluming  ; boisclf at knoAving so 'great a personage  ' even at secondhand.  "And A\i.ui,"she  said   softly, "are  Ave to  see " lhe oav1-  you   w-nd   to   the .  prii.vii?"  Mr, Valois gave a  little  laugh   aud  Avalkorl aAvay.    "Oh, I am of service to ;  ��� you here as I am,'madame.   I promise���  when you real It Frame."  i      Then 1 opened   the. door and   walked  1 in.  I      Tw" days after we left England   and ,  1 crossed the channel  to Franco.    At  the I  I last  minute Mr. Valois   found   that he '  could not  accompany us, but  promised !  to moot us in Paris within a few days.  I don't knc.Av svhy, but 1 didn't believe ;  he Avould come.  I fell that I was. saying j  "goodby" to one of  the pleasantest ac- '���.  quaintances I had ever made.    And, as ;'  sometimes  happens,   my   presentiment j  was not far from wrong. i  "It is not 'goodby,' " he said.  "It is j  only au revoir.    We   shall   travel   long ���  roads   together  over  there."   And   ha {  looked at me.  After we bad embarked upon the j  chopping channel we Avere glad . that i  Mr. Valois was not with us, unless bis j  seasickness remedy Avas also oh hand. !  We \vore frightfully ill, as were all the i  rest of tlie passengers, and the- piles of :;  washbowls Avere in constant use! We!  only stopped in Calais for oue day. .'Our 'j  rooms weie already engaged in,Paris. ������ j  Mr. Valois had attended to that for us. !  Mrs. .Wallis and I were anxious to' get j  into the AvJiirl of .life. We were no i  longer good comrades for each other, i  and w<; both moped in the absence of a I  companion who had done so much to j  enliven us of late.. It seemed absurd  when we roaJii'i d that Ave had only  known him a fnrtnight.  Wo bad be*.iii in Paris a week, had  shopped at the Be.ji Marehe, bought a  ibe.-s nr   (woof   the  immortal   Worth,  1 I made any pretensions.   May I call at your  I rooms in one hotir from tlus?  Your devoted  servant, Henri Vaixjis.  Mrs. Wallis went over  to the  table  find Avrote a  hasty note, Avhieh she dis-  ; patched.  Again was her face that burning red.  "I Avill order the carriage and go  around to see the Prices, "I said, and  I she did not object. I went into my own  ! room and "nearly died of laughter,"  I as schoolgirls say, Avhile I Avas putting  i on my jacket and bat. I felt as sure as  1 I ever felt of anything that Henri Va-  ! lois, or the MarquiB de Saint Lippe, or  i whoever he might be���and we should  | soon know���-was going to propose to  j Mrs. Wallis for my band. To him she  | stood in the place of my mother. A  man never would write such a business-  I like oj i: tie as that to the woman he  was going to ask to marry him. I felt a  'little sorry for her and then I felt ex-  ! nitant. It Avas good enough for her. A  I woman of. that age has no business  j tailing in love with young men.  ' And then I laughed again and im-  * ,. ".  | agined her sensations when she went  ! into that room, expecting the embraces  ! if a lover, to be asked to play the part  ' :f mot her to me. Oh, it was too good  almost to keen to myself I If Mr. Valois  had ever made doAvnright love to me,  as an Englishman or an American  would certainly have done under .the  circumstances, I Avould have told Delia  Price all about it and let" her laugh  with me, but it would have been a tame  love .story whose only incident was the  ;io|-�� with which it reached its climax.  Cut I av*an mei! il'ul in one respect���I  tuned my retu; n so that the embarrassment fd/ouid be as short as possible for  Mrs. Waliis.  After Mr. Valois (he was something  more than that now) bad explained  himself I would come in. I looked at  my watch as I went up in tbe elevator  (they call them lifts and assenseurs  over here) and calculated that Henri  had been av ith Mrs. Wallis about three-  quarters of an hour, I went through my  own room, took off my hat, fluffed up  my hangs and softly opened tbe parlor  dopr.  It was empty.  As I stopped in, a little bewildered,  Mrs. Walli:' door opened on the other  side, and she rushed across the room,  and throAving herself into, my arms  broke into theAvildest peals of laughter.  I was frightened to death. Had the  woman gene stark mad over her disappointment? She left me as suddenly as  she had clutched my neck, anrt picking  up an engraved card from the table  held it befrre my eyes.  "Oh, Jean, Jean!" she fairly  screamed between her ha-has.  "If we aren't green! That man is a  courier. He wanted me to hire him to  travel with us, and because I Avouldu't  he is furious. He made me pay for tbe  theater tickets and carriages aud  everything Ave had in Liverpool and  London. And, oh, yes���he said the telegram from Qneenstown was 12 shillings, and he wanted ��10 for the. time  he. Avasted taking us about after he  found that I wouldn't have him travel  with us over hero."  There avus the engraved card that he  sent to the prince���"Henri Valois,  cornier, speaks French, Italian, Ger-  mai:.   Russian, Spanish, English."  Y>.e ri.i.1 ,_rd our minds and Avent to  Sai itxi r*i**"! with the Prices.  L::sr winter, down on the lake of  (Joiik), we were sitiiri; with ii group of  tovnisls who were iaii.ii.ig of   the shorl-  PHOTOGRAPH1NG A SHOT.  Wooilerful   F.-periments  In  Determinto-J  the Tim* of a Flash of Electricity.  Recent a I'bievenients in tbe moving  'phrt-w.-r-jphy rhat has produced the ani-  m;:t.':.;raph, biograph, cinematograph  and other representations of motion are  not more wouderfiil than the lately perfected photography of the flying bullet.  Professor C. Vernon Boys, F. R. S., has  worked on this seemingly unsolvable  problem with great success, as have also  two Italian artillery oilicers.  In the course of a lecture on the subject, Mr. Boys demonstrated that tha  ordinary notion that an electric spark is  instantaneous Avas quite erroneous and  Stated that the light of the tAvo ends of  the ordinary electric spark lasted a little less than tbe one-hundred thousandth  part of a second. It was, of course, instantaneous to our senses, but to tests  which could measure accurately to the  one-hundred millionth part of a second,  the electric spark was anything but instantaneous. This spark was no good  for taking the photograph of a flying  bullet, as the lecturer showed by exhibiting one of his attempts, which made  quite a blurred picture.  Mr. Boys then proceeded to explain .  the steps Avhicb he took in order to reduce the length of time of the electric  spark. To this end it was essential that  the terminals should be made of copper,  platinum or some metal Avhieh did not  produce readily an ignitible vapor, and  the electric current must not be driven  through wires at all. He used a very-  thick, broad baud of copper, not more  than two inches long, which reached  around the edge of tho plate, so that the  electric current had not more than  three or four inches to go altogether.  He explained by diagrams how he had.  effected his object and shortened the  time of the spark to about one-thirteen  millionth of a second, or about 100  times quicker than the ordinary flash.  To give the audience some idea of the  inifinitcsinwil fraction of time, be said  the time occupied by the spark as reduced by his apparatus was proportionately as much less than a second as a  second w*as less than five months, and  during that time a bullet fired from a  magazine rifle could not travel more  than one five hundredth part of an inch.  By this simple contrivance he was able  to got a brighter and shorter spark and  all that, avi.s necessary to make a good  and sharp picture.���Kew York World.  OVEREDUCATED.  coming.--* of ocuiiiis very much as  American ladies talk of their servants.  "Theie is one man," Sir George  Shelby .''-.id, "who In.s been simply  niinul by boii-g allowed to look and act  like a genl h mau. Ho Avas tho best  courier in Europe ten years ago, but  there is. no Jiving with him now."  "Who is that?" Mr. Donaldson of  New York asked. "Valois?"  "That's the foliow."  "Wc-U," Mr. Donaldson said, "I regret to say that Amnii ������:.h are responsible for it. An American family of  weallb and some position in one of our  large western cities employed Valois  here for a year, and then took him  home with them for a visit, and actually  introduced him to their friends as a desirable acquaintance, "  There Avere various exclamations of  wonder anu disgust from all tlie Americans., The English were too polite to do  more thai.: smile: at our national Avays,  but cf all th'! group nobody express* d  such .wppuer and almost incredulous  astojiisbh out at such ignorance as Mrs.  Wallis an^-myself.*  ' .   ..        .....';    THK  IND.  CultlT��tfd Greeks Compelled  to Work ��t  Uuvoneeuial Tasks.  It is one of tbe curious apparent con  tradiotions of the country and  the people that whereas  a  large percentage of  the  population  can  neither read  nor  write, the bane of tbe nation is over education, says the London Journal in an  article upon the Greeks. Tbe university  and hij'ii schools act as magnets, attracting all the clever or ambitious youth of  the  country, large  numbers  of  whom  are  duly stamped  every year with the  academic,  seal   and  turned adrift wit-b  larger   demands  on  society than their  fathers over had and less means of  satisfying  them.    Hence   a   considerable  number of  young  men throughout the  country avIio  can  speak  several    languages  and  have acquired large stores  of  general   or technical knowledge are  forci d to earn their bread  by means of  uncongenial   Avnrk.    These  individuals  are di.-n.i..- :':od with the established order of   tilings, a\ hich makes no  special  provision   lor   them,   aud   (hey   gladly  leijii their  aid   to social  reformers  or  political   agitators  of  all  parties  and  proit. sions.  Not that there are any political parties in Greece in the sense in which  these exist in most constitutional countries. Men, not measures, is the universal cry; individual interest is the  lino of cleavage. The crowd follows one  of the two men whose heads are above  those of their follows. The successful  leader then provides places for the few  who are chosen as well as called, and  high sounding rhetoric for the many.  People change sides from time to time  according to the outlook, and nobody  accuses them of being renegades. In no  case is there any principle at stake. The  membeis of the lift lo parliament at Athens receive but a couple of thousand  drachmas a year (roughly speaking, ��50)  from the M.tro. I ut in sonic case's this  constitutes the sole support oi the legislator's family.  and had found some American friends  who hud vapidly seen the sights of the  French capital and Avantod us * to push  on into Switzerland and north Germany Avith them. "Winter Avas the  time for Paris. " But avo were aAvaiting  some cue Avhose judgment was infallible. Wo woio to go the next day to sn3r  goodly to them and -wco sitting in  our parlor talking in a desultory way  of their plans, carefully leaving out  Mr. Valois' nam'.; Avben avo spoke of our  own, a\ hen there was a knock at the  door. .n;d a servant came in with a  1 argti salvor���a brass sea, islanded by a  tiny while not!-. It was addn ssod to  Mrs. Wallis, ;iud wo boil) recognized  the writing as tbtit of Mr. Valois. She  broke the seal as ith almost trembling  hands, and after she had road it handed  it over to me: . ������ ,  Madam k���You are now in Paris, where I can   ;  refer you to almost any gentle-man iijitlrei.-tiity  ;  for mini uuition ��s to my Mimuing. -1 litiv&T^-:i  fnvini-d from   i-y!]inj;, niyr-vlf  xiv .to 11u��.-, tvfi&%  ber-.-u-.. o 1 svi.;lic<t you lo know me well'"Met'ortt '  *..      ���/':���,��"���;;     -.: ��� .*..,-���        , ������-;��� ���:.������'���  ������,  I ;The Hard Trade ofa King.  ���      Turning   first  sods.;   laying  founda-  ! tion stones; opening bridges, hospitals,  j libraries,' 'museums  and -other .public  ! buildings;-  christening   and   'launching  1 ships; assisting at bazaars; presiding at  i public meetings   and   dinneis; orgauiz-  j ing fi.nds for benevolent   purposes   and  attci-uhig to llie proper   administration  of lheni; ]ii 'Tonizing a multitude of institutions   and   out; r-irisos   and   talcing  active   iinewst  in tho management and-  devi ;< i...*ieiii; preparing and delivering  humiieds   of   speeches;    receiving    ad-  di*o:-so;-> and replying in thorn; reviewing  ti*titips and fleets; visiting hospitals; representing the nation on important occasions  throughout Em-opt:   entertaining  foreign rnv*jl visitors;  hearing in mind  the birthday of every royal pi-r-onuge in  Great Britain aud on tbe continent and  dispatching    suitable    congratulations;  at lending,    officially   and   unoiftVially,  bai i.s,concerts and innumerable other entertainments;   performing these   many  and   varied duties with  discretion,   so  as never to be associated with a failure,  never to   interfere, directly or indirectly, v. irh any of the  myriads   of   public  und piivaff- interests and never to cause  friction or to create animosity���if  this  by no means  comprehensive  catalogue  of royal duties is not sufficient to excite,  pity, whatever wili?���Loudon Truth.  A I'oor Wrapper.  "Y<h, poor Mrs. Eiueiiy is all Avrap  ped up its that son of hers. "  ���"'Aud he 'isn't1 much nf a wrapper.  eb?"���Detroit New**  ; A Couch Remedy.  A troublesome throat irritation or  cough, the result of a cold, is most annoying, but. a home remedy Avill relievo and of ton times cure it without the  aid-of oilier medicines. The folloAving  formula svas given by a physician many  years ago aud has been found to be of  groat vajuc: Take a quarter of a pound  of ihe ii st gum arabic and pour over it  half a pint of hot water. Cover and  leave it until the gum is dissolved. Then  ado a quarter of a pound of pure white  sugar und a generous half gill of strain-  en lemon juice. Piaoe those ingredients  over the fire and lor. them simmer about  ten minutes. Then pour the.mixture into a buttle and <*<;ik. When taking this  sirup, a lit tie av a for may be added.  Fi-.li-MitJ.sm and Ignorance.  Tommy ��� Isn't it funny, ma. how ignorant il makes a man when he gets to  be u caljiet:'  Ma���Why, Tommy, what gave  you  tha; idea?  Tommy���Why. ma, didn't the lecturer .-ay iast night that the man who is a  patriot ,-hoiiid inosv no north nor south  nor east nor as est':���1-lichmond Dispatch.  An Improvement.  Art Dealer���The perspective, is very  fine. You'll ubsorvo how it removes objects in the background to a wonderful  distance.  Connoisseur���If it could only remove  tho objects in tbe foreground to a wonderful distance, don't you think tbe picture Avould come nearer to perfection!  ������-Boston Transcript. Fifth Year.  THE LEDUE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 13, 1898.  A OEEAT-INVENTION.  IT IS TO CARRY  ELECTRICITY WITHOUT   LOSS OF POWER.  The Only Tiling Needed Is a Vacuum���Exhaust tlit^ Air Prom the Tube Wliich  Carries the Wire, and Vou. Have It���Tfeat  In, Until. Vou Wake Up Again.  "I've  got.  the  greatest thing in the  world," remarked a prosperous looking  individual who Avalked into the office of  one of the  most  prominent  consulting  engineers  and electricians in tbe coun-.  try as an Express  reporter was sitting  in th? outer office.  "What is it?" asked the engineer.  "I'll tell you," responded  the prosperous  looking   man.'   "It's  an invention"���here the engineer began to look  bored, but  bo  smiled politely and   his  visitor  continued���"an invention   that  Avill revolutionize the business of transmitting electric power. "  Now if there is one thing that this  particular engineer is more interested  in or knows more about than anything  else, it i.s this same subject of the transmission of electric power. He began to  look a little more interested and urged  his visitor to tell him Avhat the scheme  was and also to inform bim what he  could do for him.  "Well, before I describe the invention, "said the prosperous man, "I'll  tell yoii what we've done. We've discovered a Avay to transmit power with  absolutely no loss in transmission���ab-  so-Jute-ly no loss. Do you realize what  that means?"  "It means you'll own the earth if  you've got it," remarked the engineer.  "CorrectI" exclaimed tbe prosperous  man.. "As you so aptly put it, we'll  own tbe earth. You will notice I do not  admit that there is any doubt about tha  proposition. We know what we have  got. We have seen it work. There's  millions in it!"  "What tests have yon made?"  "Tests? Why, my dear sir, we have  made tho most exhaustive tests. ' We  have built a mile of conduit, sir, and  the most delicate instruments fail1 to  deteot the slightest loss of power in  transmission. Oh, there is no question  that the process Avorks to perfection!  Noav, what I want yon to do is to give  us your opinion on it. Study tbe subject, give your opinion in writing, and  we'll pay you handsomely."  "Well, tell me what your process is  and I'll see what I  think  of  it," said  the engineer.    "If L think you have a  practicable thing, I'd like  to see your  : experimental lino in operation."  "That's the Avay I like to hear you  talk, sir; shoAvs you are a conservative  man, sir. I wouldn't give a rap for tbe  opinion of a man who jumps at conclusions, sir. JSToav, Vil tell you what this  great invention consists of. It's a vacuum���nothing but a vacuum. You  know a vacuum is. the most perfect insulation, don't you? Put a vacuum  around a wire and the electricity can't  get away. Moisture can't get at tbe  Avire. Air can't get at it. Vacuum'11  keep tho current on tho wire, Avon'f it?"  The engineer aljnsved that a vacuum,  if a good one, nri^lit: be of value for insulating purposi .���-.'  "Weil," continued the prosperous  looking man, "avo ;ji.;st hike this vacou-  uin idea und carry it to its ultimate  conclusion, understand���to its last analysis, so to speak. It's easy enough to  surround a wire Avith a vacuum. All  you've got to do is to put the svire in a  tube and pump tho air out of a tube,  isn't it? Weil, suppose you pump aAvay  until you've got ail tho air out;  you've got your A\irc insulated, haven't  you? Can't lose any current, can,yon?  But that's all. You've got the resistance  of the wire to deal with, and that's  svhere you lose energy. That is where  < ur discovery comes in. We know why  {he resistance exists, and from that it's  easy to learn bosv to cure it.  "Take a copper Avire. Copper's made  up of molecules, isn't it? Molecules keep  vibrating all the time, don't they���  never stay still, never remain in contact? You know all about that. Well,  there must bo something betAveen those  molecules, then, isn't there? There is,  and that something is air. That's what  the electricity don't like���can't pass  through tho air. Now, suppose you take  tbe air from out between the molecules,  Avhat happens? Molecules remain at rest  ��� stay in contact. Electricity goes  through without any obstruction, and  there you are���no loss of current at all.  Logical, isn't it?"  The engineer was getting faint, but  he found voice enough to admit that the  theory was certainly ingenious.  "I kneAV you'd say so," said the enthusiastic visitor. "Noav, it only remains to extract the air, and that's  what Avo've done���got an airpump  that'll pump all the air out from between the molecules of a copper Avire.  We've done it���done it on a mile of  wire, sir. Took a mile and a furlong to  cover a mile, because tho wire shortened up when the molecules croAvded  together. That's Avhat we've done, sir,  ������md I think you '11 agree Avith me that  we've got tbe greatest invention of the  ages, won't yon?"'  The engineer gasped for breath and  then diplomatically told the stranger  (bat be Avould do a little figuring in the  scheme to see how much money it Avould  save in a year and send a report in svrit-  ing on the merits of the project. As  the visitor boAved himself out the engineer turned to Tbe Express reporter  8ud remarked:  "Did you get on to that? That's only  0 sample. If there's one crank comes to  my o.ilice in a day, there are a dozen.  Evu;; tine' is: crazy on electricity, and  thoy alj think thoy have invented the  very tiling that Edison and Tesla and  ull fiio rest have failed to obtain. It  wouldn't do for me to tell a man like  that !!n-ie was nothing in his wild project nf pumning air out of the interstices  between 'i.*e molecules of a copper wire.  Ho simply ssoultiu't have believed me  and wouitl have spent hours-trying to  demonstrate   ilia:    his   invention   Avas  nr:if'i irTi"   "'��� i'i  :':���:->   i^vrirz-ss  HIGH HEELS IN  EGYPT.  Flippers Seem to Be To  Righ Favor With  Cairo Woimin.  It is hard to find a neat, well  fitting  shoe iii Cairo, because the woman of the  fell.-in class goes barefooted and the woman of the harem Wears slippers. Egypt  has no middle class of a size to count  for anything. The shoe, when one discovers it, is too broad for the foot of a  European., It is round toed and without  an instep, for the use of a splay footed  generation. It has either no heel or else  one that puts the "common sense"  models to shame. It is a clumsy adaptation of its European prototype, useful,  probably, but certainly not ornamental.  The slipper is a different thing. In  its loAvest state it is bright colored. It  is a thing of the soil and seems a part  of the foot that has shuffled along in it  for centuries. The cheaper slippers worn  by the women of Cairo are a vivid red  or yellow. They are very loose, but are  too flexible to he altogether aAvkward.  They have solos almost as thin as paper  unci no heels. To walk in them is an art  that can't be learned in one generation,  but needs to be developed through heredity, for they are alvvayc trodden  doAvn at the back, and it takes toes as  clever as fingers to bold them in position. .  But Egyptian women  can jump as  nimbly as others from  extreme  to er-  treme, and  every mother's daughter of  them who can  afford it wears stiltlike  Louis Quinze heels.   The women of the  wealthier classes are odd sights in their  batlike,   black cloaks  aud white yak-  inaks, tilting through  the streets with  a  liberal display of pink silk stockings  and blue satin slippers that look  fitter  for a  ballroom.   Feet are all  that a  veiled woman    ean  display,   and  she  makes the most of them. In the narrow  streets  that lead from the muski  one  may see in  a  ten  minutes',walk  any  morning stockings and slippers of all  -the hues of the rainbow.   The shapelesa  silk cloaks that are  universal for outdoor wear are cut conveniently short to  display black slippers embroidered with  gold, white slippers beaded with  bine,  yellow  satin slippers with white  lace  rosettes and dozens of red silk slipper*  with black beading.   In Matarieh, He-  louau  and   other    suburban   villages,  where many of the pashas keep their  harems, so that their wives may not "buyout the jewelers'bazaars of Cairo, the  display of footgear i.s even more striking.  The women Avho have the largest fortunes invested in stockings aud slippers  are not apparently young and are often-  er than not  of unAA'ieldy figures.    The  foot of Egyptian Avomen are not small,  and these gay slippers are apt to be in  big  sizes.    They are frequently soiled  and spotted, for the streets of Cairo are  dirty, but they add to the picturesque-  ness of outdoor life and to one's appreciation   of   the ingenuity of  Avomen.���  New York Tribune.  LOOKED LIKE A SKENL  HOW  MORRISSEY  AND SCOVEL BEAT  A PAT STRAIGHT AND THREE ACES.  Haines at the Proper Time and of Correct  AnioantB Oicl the Trick���Morrissey Got  s-Sl.OOO Out of the Fot, .Scovel Got the  ���ftest and the Others Got Left.  SHERIFF'S SALE.  The passing of the Crystal saloon.  one, but not forgotten. Erected in  r,%    Bazed only'a few days ago.   Tbe  RUSSIAN  HUNTING  DOGS.  Tlie I.nikas   Furnish   Food, Draw  Sledges  and Supply Clothing; to Their Owners.  Hnrcijig Cox Avrifcs about Jaikas, or  the uoiii:: rn (logs, to tho London i/ield.  ���'Ti.* ciu'iisof tho true Jail-:a,"li���  says, "are id an extremely varied nature. Among the Chinese about  1.000,000 are eaten every year, while  in Kuhsia the boast is trained for all  sorts of hunting���squirrels, bear, deer,  snipe, capercailzie, ermine, sable, aud  all the other beasts are taken Avith them,  even the Avolves. It is estimated that  nearly 1,000,000 rubles' worth of game  r> taken on : a'year a.a irh the aid of the  iaikas in Kus.sia. Prince Schirinsky,  a Russian noble, is trying to get a cross  betsveen the laika and some setter or  retriever, believing that he would thereby obtain a dog which would make as  nearly a perfect bunting dog as is possible.  "In the polar swamps tbe Iaikas are  used in drawing sledges, as avpJI as hunting*, by the natives, while their Avarm  peits are made to serve as coats and  trousers.  "Tbe laika has an upright, pointed  ear, which the dog pricks Avben excited.  The muzaie is long and sharp, but powerful, set to a broad forehead. The  body is strong and at the quarters broad  and powerful. The ribs are big aud  long. The chest is deep and broad. The  logs are for running, Avhile tbe coat is  thick, having 'cotton' under the hair,  which makes it Avarm.  "The chief colors are from black and  black and tan to grayish, but the dogs  are never spotted iu the pure blood. A  feAv of these dogs can stop a bear or  anything else easily. The dogs are just  short of two teet higher. "  Lrysfcil saloon, which adjoined the Frear  House, was for over 40 years the principal and about the only rendezvous for  sporting men in this city. It was the  j'o-ort of such well known men as John  fiorrissey, John Daly, Colonel Jim Sco-  al and others. Stories have been told  of plays of laro when tbe limit Avas the  sky, and where the checks were piled  on a card as high as tbe ceiling.  Many good stories are told of .big  games played in the Crystal. One of tbe  best is of the great poker game in which  the late John Morrissey, and Colonel  Jim Scovel were the tAvo important  players. It was nearly 80 years ago. It  svas a bleak December night. This was  before Scovel was sent to the United  States senate by the Jerseyites, and  svbeu Morrissey was at the height of  his prominence. It was a six banded  game of draw.. The game had been lagging on far three hours without any excitement. Morrissey was about $3,000  Avinucr. Scovel was a loser of about half  that much. The play which made this  story came up about 2 o'clock in tbe  morning. John was the dealer, Scovel  sat to his left and was the first man to  speak. It was a $20 "jack."  "Pass," said the big colonel, never  looking at his band.  The next man did the same as Scovel, but the player who followed hina  opened it for $120, the size of the pot.  The next man stayed, the next passed,  and when it came to Morrissey he tilted  it $300. It was now Soovel's turn.  There was $820 now in the center. Scovel was a poker-player of the old school.  He would lay down fours as quickly as  the amateur Avould draw four cards to  an ace when it cost $100, and he would  play a throe card flush if the pot was  Asorth winning at all. Scovel looked at  his hand Avben Morrissey had finished  putting in the checks. He stared at  John for a few moments, all the time  fumbling his checks, and then in a cool  way went down in his inside pocket  and pulled out a large.wallet.  "I'll raise you $S10,'" Jim said.  The man Avho had opened the pot saw  both raises, for he sat with a nice pat  straight in his hand, and the next fellow put in $1,170. Morrissey was nonplused when it came to him. It was at  least IS minutes before be.,put in the  ijiS'10.  "I'm in so 'much I might as well  stay," he remarked,-as he picked up the  deck.  "How many, Jim?"  "Three," answered Scovel, "and see  that they aro good ones. "  "Ob, I've got you beat," chirped  John, as be dealt out the required number.  "I'll play tlresp," was the ansAver OJ  tho ];������������! s.:i.- h- ;.i the put straight.  "j.:...::'������< ;, ;.i <,.:;   \lr.\.g, " said Morris-  looking   in  a surprised Avay at the  w  Province  oi British Columbia.  Nelson,   West  Kootenav. to-wit: '  Y VIRTUE of a Warrant of Execution issued  out of the County Court of Kootenay, at Nelson, in the suit of Anthony D. McGinty, Plaintiff,  Archibald B. Docksteade'r, and to me directed  against the goods and chattels of the Plaintiff, I  have seized and taken in execution all the right,  title and interest of said Plaintiff, Anthony D.  McQ-lnty, in the ��� Tiptop, Maggie and Nellie D  mineral claims, situated about 2!. miles east of  Cody, in the south fork of Carpenter creek,in the  Sloean Mining Division, and recorded in the  Mining Recorder's office at Nesv Dens'er. B. C.  To recover the sum of #71.30. amount of said execution, besides sheriff's poundage, costs and all  other legal incidental expenses; all of which I  shall expose, for sale, or sufflcientthereof to satisfy  said Judgment Debt and Costs, at the front of the  Court House, Nelson, on the 15th day of January,  A. D: 1898. at the hour of 11 o'clock in the forenoon.  Dated. Nesv Denver, Dec. -''id, 1897.  WILLIAM P. ROBINSON.  and Dulnth on the south bv Ajax and Crown  Point, ease by Treasure Vault, west by Rush-  ford and Lee Fraction.  rpAKE NOTICE. That I, E--J. Matthews, act-  _l ing as agent for Wm. Braden. free miner's  certificate No. 7��,135, intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to tbe Mining Recorder for  a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of tbe above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 2.5th day of November. 1897.  Badger State   Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining* Division of West  .Kootenay District. AVhere located: Near  the town of Sandon.  /PAKE NOTICE That I. George Alexander, free  1 miner's certificate No. 740ij0, intend t'O days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim..  And further take notice that action under  section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 4th day of January, 1898.  RPASSENGERR  U       TRAINS        U  EACH   DAY.  EACH   DAY  Between -  Note: Intending purchasers  selves as to interest and title of  Deputy Sherlfl'.  svill satisfy tliein-  said defendants.  SHERIFF'S SALE.  Province of British   Columbia,   Nelson. West  Kootenay, to-wit*  BY VIRTUE of a Warrant of Execution issued out of the County Court of Kootenay at  Nelson, in the suit of Kate W. Terrill, Plaintiff,  and William Kari, AV Wilson and* D. Karr,  Defendants, and to me directed against the goods  and chattels of the Plaintiff, I have seized and  taken in execution all the rights, title and interest of said plaintiff. Kate W. Terrill, in the  Apis mineral claim, situated near the city of  Sandon, B. C, and recorded in the Mining  Recorder's office at New Denver, B. C;, to recover the sum of $82.00, amount of said execution,  besides sheriff's poundage, costs, and all other  legal incidental expenses, all of which I shall expose for sale, or sufficient thereof to satisfy said  Judgment Debt and Costs, at the front of the  Court House, Nelson, on the 15th day of January,  A. D. 1898, at the hour of 11 o'clock in the forenoon.  Dated, New Denver, Dec. 23d. 1897.  WILLIAM P. ROBINSON,  Deputy Sheriff.  Note: Intending purchasers will satisfy themselves as to interest and title of said defendants.  Kicardo Mineral Claim.  Situate in  the Sloean Mining Division  of West  Kootenay  District.    AVhere located:   South  side of Four Mile Creek adjoining the Zilor  on the AVest.  rpAKE NOTICE That I. Robert E. Palmer, ac-  I    ting as  agent  for the  Vancouver   Group  Mining Co., F. M. C. No. !M420, intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certifieare of improvements for the  pur|>ose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 18th dav of November, 1897.  "R. E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Trail and  Rossland  ian & Western R'y  Run Made in one Hour.  On the^b.  No. 6 Leaves Rosslaud at 7 a.m.; Conneocs in  the morning with Steamer at Trail.  2<To. 3 Leaves Trail at 8:15 a.m.; Connects at  Rossland with Red Mountain train for  Spokane. ;  No. 2 Leaves Rossland at 11:00 a.m.  No. 1 Leaves Trail at 12:30 p.m.; Connects with  C.P.R. main line Steames from the north  at Trail.  No. i Leaves Rossland at 3:00 p.m.: Connects  with C.P.R. main line Steamers for the  north ot Trail.  No. 5 Leaves Trail at 5:45 p.m.; Connects with  Steamer Lytton at Trail.  P.- P. GUTELITJS, Gen'l Supt.  Trail, B.C., June 4,1897.  American Girl Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of AVest  Kootenay District.   Where located:   Adjoining the Queen Bess claim on tho east about  ts-vo miles south of Three Forks.  ���TAKE NOTICE That I. Robert E. Palmer, ac-  1   ting as agent for AVm. Glynn. F. M.C. No.  85255, and James H. Moran. F. M. C. No. '830-10,  intend sixty days from the date hereof to apply  to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the puriwsc of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must bo. commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this llth dav of November, 1897  .' R. E. PALMER, P. L. S.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Reciprocity Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  :   Kootenay District.  Where located: Twenty  fi ve miles west of Kootenay Lake and about  10 miles east of Slocan Lake, and about four  miles south of Seaton Creek, a westerly extension of the Maid of Erin.  TAKE NOTICE, that I, Charles A. Stoess  of  Kaslo,B.C, acting as agent for the Slocan  Reciprocity  Mining  Co., foreign, free miner's  certificate Fo. 8-1,829, intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose  of  obtaining   a Crown grant of   the   above  claim. '   ���������  And further take notice that action as tinder  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 30th day of November, 1897.  ���  First Extension Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Lying  south of the Young Dominion claim on  Hovveon Creek about two miles south of the  Idaho Concentrator.  TAKE NOTICE That I. Robert E. Palmer,  acting as agent for Wm. Glynn, free, miner's  certificate No. 85255, intend sixty days from the  date'hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of impros'ements for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the abos-e claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 mustbe commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this llth day of November. 1897,  R. E. PALMER. P.L.S  Midnight Fractional  Mineral Claim.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  RAILWAY.  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  East  or  West/  Steamer leaves Nakusp every  morning*, making close connection  at Bevelstoke with trains 'or  all points East or "West.  Lillian No. 4 Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of  \\rest Kootenay District. AVhere located:  On Payne Mountain slide.  rpAKE NOTICE, that I, Charles A. Stoess of  L Kaslo, B. C. acting as ag.-nt for the Slocan  Reciprocity Mining Co.. foreign, free miner's  certificate No. 8-1,320, intend sixty days from  ���the date horcof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, ior  the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section .17, must bo commenced before the issuance of sueli certificate of improvements.  Dated this .Kith dnyof November. 1S97.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On Mt.  Adams, adjoining the Adams and Britomarte  two milessouthsvest of Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Robert E. Palmer, acting as agent for the Adams British Columbia  Co. Ltd, free miner's certificate No. 0335 A, intend  sixty davs from the date hereof to apply to the  Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above ciaim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvement!).  Dated this llth day of Nos-ember, 1807.  R. E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Pelly Mineral  Claim.  F.i'y  in:*:  Ocean Minora! Claim.  Artificial Petroleum.  Among tho achievements of science is  tho product ion of petroleum from iin-  tccd oil by distillation tinder pressure.  Tas'o theories have been held as to the  c'iiiin ol; petroleum. One is that it is of  vegetable, the other of animal origin.  It is not unlikely that it may be a combination of both. Animal and vegetable  oils filter through the ground and might  by changes in the chemical laboratory  of nature produce this substance. At  ail events, the fact is significant and  ���interesting, especially as several petroleum liyiirecaii'Oiis have resulted from  th:-* experiments   as noted.���New York  LeuL'LT.  The .  "\VJ.  i.:i -J!  or, iv-e,''  the  Bunkoed.  lephant trumpeted loudly.  :f\- the trouble?" asked  j;:- e.  ,i body's worked   the shell game  ' r> plied tho  pachyderm   as  he  assay the   bag  of  empty peanut  j,.*!ii'*h had  just  been  banded to  -Philadelphia North American.  " GiA-e me two," was the order of the  nest man, ancl he got them.  "Well, I only Avant one, and I don'r  need it. at that, " remarked Morrissey,  as he lack the toji card.  The i::a!i ay ho had opened was one of  L.e.-e. i. _.-..*..������ s,ho are always afraid of  ;: unc; card (irasv, ai:u he merely chipped  if- cents. 'Ike next man was there Avith  three ace.-* cold, 'dud he threAv a ��5,0  /:rcci:l.ar.k in the center. It Avas noAV  Siorri;-ey's turn. He had "skinned"  his l.i.ud eff two or three times.  "Fis-e hundred better, "said he, without moA7ing a muscle.  During the play fccovel bad been lean-'  i::g back in his chair svatchiug bis opponents. The "gallery, " Avkich is the  name used for tbe spectators who congregate around the table, was more excited ihan the players. Tbe center oi  the tablo Avas piled Avith bills.  "it feL'oms like a shame," exclaimed  Scovel, "but I'in going to raise you$2,-  500, John," and suiting the action to  t!:e Avoid be counted off that amount in  billy and threw, it in tbe middle..  'xhe man ssitb the pat straight passed  without hesitating, and tbe next witk  three aces concluded that bis bara��  Avasn't worth $3,000 more, so he, tooc  dropped out.  "How ab*r*ufc splitting tbe pot, Jim?"  asked Morrissey.  "Never," replied Scovel, "but I'll  let you take your Jast raise out. '  "Make it ��1,000," said Morrissey,  "and I'll go you."  -All right," eaid Scovel. "Wbat'd  you have?"  "A h-.ila-pa-lcosa," answered big  John, and threw bis band to Scovel.  There svas a jack of hearts and a deuce,  tray, four ami ilva of diamonds.  Soovel turned his band over and  showed tbe jack of diamonds, queen of  hearts, jack and s'.'ven of clubs, and ace  uf spades; he had a solitary pair of  jacks. Talk about consternation. Tbe  niiiuwho had passed on three aces made  the air blue, and tbe pat straight fellow  fell unconscious. bcovel treated the  house and took a cab to Albany. "If I  had only thought you was blu \ng,"  ���.;.:id Morrissey, "I'd haA'e sent *> )U to  JrMiiiaaclpbni on a freight train."  There s*,.** $-i.071 iu tbe pot, Avhicb  Scovel Avon svith a pair of jacks.���  0.1-cy Observer.  Situate .in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.     Where located:  Near  Maid of Erin on Payne Mountain adjoining  said claim on West.  rpAKE NOTICE, that I. Charles A. Stoe?s of  1    Kaslo, B.   0-. acting as   agent  for D.  AV.  Moore, free miner's certificate Xo. -ISflOA and Jas.  Waugh,    free    miner's    certificate No. 77,n*i2,  intend    sixty   days    from    date    hereof    to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  o\f improvements for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown grant of tlie abos-e claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section .'17 must be commenced before the  issuance of such  certificate of impros'ements.  Dated this 30th day of November, 1SS17.  Silver Star Mineral Claim.  Situate in tbe Slocmi Miniiig Division of West  Kootenay District.   \Arhere located: On Pour  Miio Creek at. mouth of Granite Creek, adjoining the Mountain Boomer  riiAKE NOTICE that I. R ' E.  Palmer, acting  I.    as agent for the Vnneous'er Group Mininir  Co.. free miner's certificate No. 9-1-I2D. intend (JO  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate, of i-nprovements tor  the purpose of obtaining a  Crown Grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must he commenced hefore the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th dav of November, I8fi7.  11. E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Vancouver Fraction Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   AVhere located: On Four  Mile Creek, near mouth of Granite Creek, ad-  jniniinr the Mountain Boomer.  rpAKE NOTICE that I Robert E. Palmer, aet-  JL    ing as agent for the Vancouver Group Mining Co., E. M. C. No. !ill*.'i'i intend sixty days from  ���the date hereof fo apply to fh�� Miniiiir Recorder  for a cerfificate of improvements for the purpose  of obtaining a Crown grant of the abos-e claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this ISth dav of November. 1897:  'R. E. PALMER, P L. S.  Concord Mineral Claim.  Before you travel get information from  C.P.R   Agents as to time and  rates.   It will save yon money-  Apply to nearest Railway Agent  or to  H. DOUGLAS, Agent.  H. M. MacGregor,   Trar. Pass Agt,  Nelson,- or to E.  J.  Coyle,.. Dist.  Pass. Agt, Vancouver, B. C.  k  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Ked  Mountain  RAILWAYS  Situate in the Slocan  Mining Division of West  Kootenav District.   Where located: On south  side of Four Mile Creek, adjoining the Vancouver No. 2 and the Zilor claims.  rjAAKE NOTICE that I. Robert E. Palmer, act-  1    ing as agent for the Vancouver Group Mining Co/, free miner's certificate No. !Ml-'0. intend  sixty days from the date hereof to apply to the  Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements,  for  the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the abos-e claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must foe commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18tll dav of Nos-ember. 1W(7.  K. E. PALMER, P. L. S.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of AVest  Kootenav District. AVhere located: Adjoining the Young Dominion on the north, about  V miles south of the Idaho concentrator.  TA K.E NOTICE that I. Robert E. Palmer acting  asairent for Jas. R. Momn. F. M. C. No.  830-1(5. John A. Finch. P. M. C. No. 7!>-i3t, AVm.  Glynn. F. M. C. Rii.-Vi. and Peter Larson. F. M.  C. No. S3717, intend sixty days from the date  hereof, to applv to tlie Mining Recorder for a certificate of impros'ements for  the purpose of obtaining a orosvn grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced  before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this nth day of Nos-ember, I8fl7.  '    R. E. PALMER, P.L.S.  NOTICE. .  -VTOTICE is hereby given that 00 days after date  !\ I intend'to apply to the Chief Commissioner  of Lands and Works for permission to purchase  the following parcel of laud situated on the  east side of Slocan Lake.Sloean Mining Division,  West Kootenay District, commencing at the  southsvest post of A. M. Wilson's pre-emption,  thence running north to chains, thence running  west to the Nakusp & Slocan Railsvay right of  way, thence running south along the line of the  Nakusp & Slocan Railsvay right of svay to the  northwest corner of the tosvnsite of Rosebery,  thence cast lo the point of commencement, containing SO acres, more or less.  Dated, Nov. 28th. 1807.  A. M. BEATTIE.  The only all rail route without change  fears betAveen Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave. Akkis'e.  9:20 a. m.        NELSON       5:35 p. m  12:00 " ROSSLAND      2:50   "  8:00 a.m.      SPOKANE      6:40 p.m  Close connection svith Steamers for Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle   River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus svith stage daily.  INTERNATIONAL      NAVIGATION  &TRADINCGO.,  LTD.  Strs Iflternational and Alfierta  On Kootenav Lake and R'ver.  Time Card in Effect   Oct.  1st,   1S97.   Daily  Except Sunday. Subject to Change svithout notice  Close connection at Fis-e Mile Point with all  passei'gei trains of theN. & F.S.R.R. to and from  Northport, Rossland and Spokane.  Through   ticket*? sold at Lowest Rates and  Baggage checked to all United States Points.'  NOTICE  Xapii'r TVTi!i<>raI Claim.  T  Situste in tin* Sl'c-in Mining Division of Wet  Kootenav PNfri;-'. Where I icated: On south  side of Four Miic Creek, adjoining-the Mountain Bo'ineroii the svest.  HAKE NOTICE that I, Robert E. Palmer, acting as agent foi- the Vancouver Group Mining C*>..'I*. M. 0. No. 0II2<>. inti!*id sixty davs  from the date hereof to apnly lo the* Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements lor the  purpose of obtaining a Orosvn grant of the abos-e  claim.  And further take notice that action  under section ,S7 must be commenced before tbe issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th (lav of November. 1807.  R. E. PALMER. P.L.S.  Sixty (Oil) days after date I intend to apply to j  the Cliief Commissioner of Lands and AVorks for |  permission to purchase the follosviug described i  land: Commencing at S. Walker's northwest  corner post, running north forts (10) chains, foi- |  losving the Columbia river, thence cast eighty ;  (SO) chains, thence south f *rly (���!(*) chains, thence ;  svest eighty (SO) chains, and containing three i  hundred anil tss'c.utv t.'t:!") acres of laud, more or j  less. "     ELLEN McIJi >UGA LI).     *  Dated this r.th day of November. 1807. j  Ls'. FCitslo for Nelson and way points. H:in a.m  Ar. Northport 1*.':15 p.m.; Rossland 3*10 p  in.: Spokane, fi p.m.  Lv.   Nelson for Kaslo ami svay points, 4.15 p.m.  Lv. Spokane 8 a.m ; Rossland. 10:^0 a.m.:  Northport, 1:50 a.m.  TIME CARD  Subject to clmnare Avithout notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  I BONNER'S FERRY and KOOTENAY RIVER  SERVICE.  The Alberta awaits the arrival of the Intor-  i national before leaving for Bonner's Ferry.  I     Lv. Kaslo. Sat.. I.ofl p. tn: Ar. Boundary, Sun.  j midnight: A.i. Bonner's Ferry.  Sun., lo.:*) a.m.  j Lv  Bonner's Ferry. Sun., lp.m.;   Ar. Bound-  j ary. Sun., "> p.m.: Ar. Kaslo, Sun.. 10 p.m.  j        Close connec.ton at Bonner's Ferry with  I trains East bound, leaving Spokane 7.-10 a.m.,  and AVest. bound, arriving Spokane 7 p.m.  i The la-it tripthi- season on the Bonner's Ferry  ! route will be on the (itli and 7th Nos-ember after  ! svhich date the Bonner's Ferry service will be  ! discontinued.  GEORGE   ALEXANDER, Gen'l Mgr  Head Office at Kaslo, B.C.  Kaslo. B.C., Oct. 1,1897  Inverness Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining  Kootenay District. AVhere  Mountain about two miles  id about nine miles fp.m  Division, AA*esf.  located:   On Red  noithss-est fr-iin  tbi! month of the  The ltea.1 Estate Man's Pot Story.  Opdiko (discussing their ueAV flat)���  The roiil estate agent eaid that my wife  fiuu I could have the flat for $25 a  iiH'iifh, but that he would charge any  ;*...���>-]���:������ ?:;0.  :������_ ill���-That  v.as   the  offer  he  ��� .*i:d Jiiy svii'o svht'ij we thought  ....   i.��� iiruohlyu Ea^le.  The  miles  taiiie. :  arch. ..  aiiu c c:  cipal i  official  China  {���rcttt Avail of China is 1,500  J: ::y and traverses high mouu-  .���'..r.'   valleys   and,   hy   uieans  of  ���-..vide rivers. The foundations  .-'���ors aro of granite, hut the priu-  ;;;rc  is of  blue briel:s.    The last  account of  the  population   of  lives   a   total   of   upward   of  J        North F'irk "f Carpenter Creek.  ' -TAKE NOTICE, that I. Robert E. I'aimer, of  [ I Sandon. actinir as airent for .John Brown, .if  i Sandon. free miner'.-' certiiicate No. 7!ip��  j intend. siviv riuv-* i'i*--m date here*if to  j apply to the Mi ni* it.--' Rec n*der for ;i certificate of  inipros-ciiieiits i<>r th-- :nii*:i.~e of dbtaini'ijr a  Crown "-rant of Ha* above claim.  And further take  notice fhnr -tenon, under  section   'o.   mu.-t  lie  eommenced    before   **'ie  issuance of such cortifi *ate  of improvement.-.  Dated this-Ith dav of Nos-ember. js:i7.  R. K. PALMER. P. L. S.  Leave  A IT.  S* 00  h m  !' si  io o:j  io is  io .is  10  "-0  A.M.  A t'rive,  ;j .���->(���  :i l.r>  ���-' H  ���J i'i.  I'..A!  400,000, QUO.  ���ihe va.��!������.  dam, ijjcJv-.i  Cf*:::-u;c-.i, .*.-  Jnnd of the United Khig-  ,:l- mountains, heath and  .-'I:mat;- u at 40 per cent.  Kaslo  South Fork  Sproule's  U'hifesvati-.'  Bear La!*2  MeGuiiran  C ''I.V .imieii  Sandon  CODS"   idXE  Leave 11.OO a.m. Sandon  "      ll.L'.".   ** Coil*.*  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mm-r.  GEO  V. COPELAND,  SuiMjrinlendcii!  For  cln'.-ip r.tiirond and steamship ticket  and fr in 'ill  point.--,  apply P>  Atlantic Stsisi Lines.  Leave 1 no  .Arrive 11.oa  11.an  California. Allan Line.  Parisian.  Carthaginian "  Labrador.Dominion Lint  S'luieouver. ���������  From Montreal  From New York  to  S.   CAMPBELL,  Airent. Sandon.  Ajax    Fraction    Mineral    Claim.  F- W. GROVES,  ���IV**', and  ���Ui'NiNr'- KMUNEEU  I'mvii!'-i:i 1 Land  Surveyor.  3*aHES8HBhM  igSSSESSSs  Situate in the Slocan Mininir Division of \Ve-.|  Kootenav district. AVhere located: On West  Fork of Noble Five slide, VVX) feet, from .summit of R. E.   Lee Mono a in. a re|oca  ^S^^?^*r*v-^!*\ lYbTSS^FfcT?  rniiergrour.il   ',  Aerial Tnunsvavi  U'-vevs.  .    Mineral  ;ii place   ana  e.htiiriH'Bi  , I'mbria. Canard Line    ;' Etruria "     I Campania.       "     Mnie.-<t'ic. White Star Line    I Teutonic ������'        ���  j St. Paul. American Line    1st.Louis. '*  ._    I State of Nebraska. Allan State Line    ; Southwark, Red Star Line    ! Ncordiand. ������     C.'i bin s-la, s'iii, stjO, 70 >.iii and upwards.  Intermediate .-HO and upwards.  :        Steerafre >'!i'i..!i0and upsvards.  ;     Passengers   Ticketed   thnnm*h to all points in  I Great Britain  or Ireland, and at   Specially low  | rates to all parts of the European Continent..  *     Prepaid Passafres arranged from all points.  Apply to  A. O. Mc.SirrilUR,  C.P.R.  Agent  Sandon. iit  ! Wn.LTiAI 8  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 13, 1898.  Fifth Year  MINING   RB0O-ROS.  The following ie a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded curiig the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Derive* were  as follows:���  LOCATIONS.  J ax 10- -Texas Boy Fraction, Four Mile, JE  Barrett and J Nunn; Edith, ^Houson, George  Man-son.  ASSESSMENTS.  Jan 4���Mollie O.  Jan 5���Alabama.  Jan 8���Nettie Fraction.  TRANSFERS. "���._  Jan i���Rainbow J, *S L Goldberg to John H  Werely, Jan -i.  Jan 5���Young* Dominion J, Devonport i, A E  Price to J W Boyd, Jan 5. * .  Little Jumbo, Gipsy, Good Hope, Shakespeare i  in each, Levi W Hedrick to Francis O'Reilly,  Dec 17. *  Same���Frank Savage to same, Dec 17.  Jan 7���Lake Shore i, Randolph Sarders to E J  Robie and J VV Salminen. Jan 7, $50.  Jan 8���Conder �� to each, F G Fauquier, to A E  .Fauquier, Chas S Rashdall and Edward Stewart.  Dec 16, $10.  Jan 10���Billy D, J H Corry to A iE Fauquier.  July 22.  Mountain Nymph i, M Arnold to R S Hart.  Jan 5.  THK     CENTRE    STAR   RESTRAINED.  Not Allowed to   Sink   on  Property.  tlie Iron Mask  SLOCAN   CITY    DIVISION.  Jan l���Monteznma J,  Walker.  TRAN8FKKS.  R M Covington to S T  Fraction, Geo  Jan���Viking Nosiand Phoenix Fi  H Aytary to Viking Gold Mining Co.  AINSWORTH   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Dxc 2&-Ancharo. A McBanting; Sil-rer King,  tame; Selkirk, A R Macdonald.  ASSK68MKNT8.  Fractional, W R AVin-  The Center Star and Iron Mask pro  perty at Rossland  have mixed again  and another injunction has been served.  The ^Center Star is the victim of the  restraining* order this time.  It Avill be remembered that the Center  Star passed beyond the side line of the  claim into Iron Mask ground in pursuit  of a ledg-e which it was claimed apexed  on Center Star ground, the result being  that the workings of the ��� two mines  came together and the court enjoined  the Iron Mask f.*om further work at  that point. Justice Walkem made the  injunction permanent and an appeal was  taken to the full bench, but owing to  illness of a justice the case has not been  heard. In the mean time the Centre  Star proceeded to sink a shaft on the  disputed vein to demonstrate its right  to the lower working under the law of  extra lateral rights which was in force  when the claim Avas located. Work has  been pushed on this shaft, but the Iron  Mask people concluded that the Center  Star had gone far enough to demonstrate its rights, if it have any in the  matter, and consequently secured the  injunction in Victoria to stop further  sinking. It is probable that the whole  matter will come up for settlement at  an early day in Victoria.  ROMANTIC    WESTERN     MARRIAGE.  OFF   ON   ANOTHER   TANGENT.  Rossland    Entering;   Upon    Her  and Substantial  Boom.  .Second  Where  There's a Will   There's  But this  Time  it Was  by Water.  Way.  Dec 29���Good  ;stead.  Hope  CKRTIKICATK OF IMPROVEMENTS.  Dec 2&-rMontezumft, Mexico, Charleston.  Permission of gold commissioner to apply tfott)  worth of work done on Montezuma to Mexico for  the purpose of obtaining a crown-grant.  TRANSFERS.  Dec 30-Mogul J, J N Franklin to C W Greenlee.  Mogul Fractional J, same to same.  Mogul J, J-H-Moran to NK Franklin.  Mogul Fractional ft, N S Tucker to same.  Silver Bell, Norfolk, S&F Fraction, Simcoe,  Green Crown, G C Spearing, R McDonald, E  Todd, M Johnson, L L Workman to The London  Consolidated Gold Fields Exploration & Mining  Oo, Ltd, Lla��� $99,790.  Extension of time to April 1st on option to; J A  Mitchell of Kingston and Corean.  Alaska. Petra, W R Parnell to S D Landecker.  Lavina, Iron Cap and Ruthie Bell 5/S2, J, B  Booker to Alphersyn Booker, ��2,152.50.  Horsefly, Portland, Waverley J, CL Brush to  CK Henry.  Myrtle R, Tennie C, option to purchase or  acquire, J L Montgomery to S L Retallack, and  from J L Retallack to J Roderick Robinson the  same privilege.  Alaska i, S D Landecker to J J Casey.  Pontiac and Tecumsie, 3 J L Alexander to  Martin J Heathall.  Power of attorney from Martin Heath to  Francis Heath to bargain, sell or transfer the  Pontiac and Tecumsie.  ^^nimmiinninmnnitinmiimniiiinfniinnitifflmiiiraifflinmij^  NEWS IN PLACE "  lUUlUIIUUlUillUUIUUUUIUUUllUUUIIIIlUUIIlUUillUlUllllUUII  Twenty-five tons of ore were shipped  this week from the Howard Fraction to  Nelson.  A car load of ore is on the dock at  Slocan City ready for shipment,brought  down from the Cameronian.  Mr. D. M. Crowley's lecture on the  subject "Around the World to the Klondike," will be given Friday evening,  Jan. 14th, replete Avith 140 lime light  views.  Divine service in the Presbyterian  church next Sunday, Jan. 16, at 7.15.  Bible class at 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. Services conducted bAr VV. J.  Booth.  Divine services will be held in the  Methodist church on Sunday, Jan. 16th,  as follows: Morning* at 11; subject,  ���'Fellowship in service." Evening at  7:15; subject, "Sin and its Conquest."  Preacher, R. N. Powell. All are invited.   Everybody welcome.  A lecture will be given in the Presbyterian church by Rev. Robt. Fi'cavs, of  Nelson, on Tuesday evening, the 18th  inst., at 8 o'clock. The subject -svill be,  "Robert Burns," with some instrumental music. Mr. Fi*cavs comes to us Avith  a good reputation as a lecturer. Do  not fail to hear him. Tickets, adults  50c, children, 25c.  A car load of ore was shipped from  the Republic last Aveek. The ore Avent  to the Hall Mines smelter and is expected to average 200 ounces silver In the  west drift, off the 100-foot tunnel the  owners of the Republic claim to have 18  inches of high grade ore. The Republic  is another of the properties in this  vicinity which Avas bonded, thrown up  and aftei-Avards made.to pay dividends.  Allan's pack train last week commenced rawhiding a car load of ore,  from the Two Friends. This will be  the first ore shinned from the ledge recently struck. The Two Friends was  thrown up by a Vancouver company as  being valueless. Over 10 tons of ore  are now down from the mine, and nearly tAvo car loads are on the dump ready  to be brought down. Manager J. 13.  Callahan reports the property looking  splendid.  Sunday last was the day set for the  marriage of handsome Jack Suter, First  Mate of the steamer Slocan and Miss  Alice Finnie, the belle of Rosebery. But  the ceremony was delayed for some hours  on account of the devine from Nakusp  not putting in his appearance on the  3.30 train as arranged for. There being  no other officials in town than a J. P.  and a telegraph operator, whose combined efforts, even with the postmaster  as witness, were not considered strong  enough to draw the noose tight enough.  On serious consideration as to the urgency of the occasion, the gallant tar,  nothing daunted, secured a row boat and  tenderly placing hie intended in the  stern or the skiff, in charge of the tiller  with her sister aft, doffed his wedding  coat and pointed the white hull toward  New Denver���and it is said that the trial  trip of the Slocan wasn't in it. On arriving at -New Denver a minister was  soon found and they are now the recipients of many congratulations.  Rossland, Jan. 10.���Rossland is iioav  enteringupon her second and more substantial boom. The events of the past  60 days hav*e been of such magnitude  and have foiloAved each other so ciosely  that even people living in the camp  hardly appreciate their real significance. The mining deals and options  made and taken in that time amount to  not less than ��6,000,000 and involve  some of the greatest properties of the  Trail creek district.  But in order to g*et a proper conception of the new era of prosperity which  has set in here, it will be necessary to  go a little further back than the deals  just made, and begin with the purchase  of the Monte Cristo. The buying of  this property by a syndicate of Montreal  and New York "capitalists really marked the beginning of the new era for  Rossland. It may not be generally  known that the principal financial factor  in this purchase, as well as in the more  recent purchase of the Virginia, was  John W. Mackay. The ostensible head  of the syndicate' purchasing these pro-  Berties,' as well as the Colonna, is  harles R. Hosmer, of Montreal, manager of the Canadian Pacific telegraph  system, and one of the rising young  financiers of Canada. He and Mackay  are in the Commercial cable together,  and are in very close touch. Mackay  esteems Hosmer highly, and has been  to him a most substantial friend. James  F. Wardner induced Hosmer to take  hold here almost a year ago, the result  being the purchase" of the Colonna by  Hosmer and his friends. Wardner soon  dropped out of the camp, but Hosmer  remained, and to-day lie and his  friends, Mackay being chief among  them, OAvn the Colonna, Monto Cristo  and Virginia, and are developing them  on a large scale.  TRAIL   CREEK   MINKS.  The  Record    of   the    Output  Shows Big: Increase.  of    1897  ROSEBERY   RIPLKTS.  The site for the British Columbia Ore  Sampling Company's works is being  cleared by a large force of men, under  Contractor Cooke, and is expected to be  complete at the expiration of this  month.  The C.P.R. turn table is very near  finished.  The R. R. yard is full of loaded  through cars for Slocan City. Nelson  and Rossland, and the steamer Slocan is  taxed to her full capacity���hauling the  barge down the lake.  Mrs. Christie, wife of Chief Engineer  Christie of the steamer Slocan, arrived  from Vancouver this Aveek to join her  husband. Mr. and Mrs. Christie are  finding some difficulty to secure a house.  Mi*. Wright arrived from Butte, Montana, this Aveek, and went out to his  mine at the head of the lake, where he  is interested Avith SAvan Bros.  Mr. Beattie expects to have the plans  and specifications of the ore sampler  buildings at his office in a feAV days, and  Avill immediatlely call for tenders for  the construction."  A number of men are cutting cord  wood here for Mr. Harris, of Sandon.  Lots are beginning to sell. Some are,  contein pal ting building.  CHURCH   OF   KNGIAXD.  The Rev. Edwin S. W. Pentrcath,  Archdeacon of Columbia, visited New  Denver last Aveek accompanied by Rev.  C. F. Gates, for the purpose of establishing a mission here.;- A meeting was  held in the school house by those interested in the Church of England, and it  was decided to hold a .fortnightly service. The Wilson building has "been  secured and it will be provided with  seats and transformed into a suitable  church building. The congregation  was organized by the name of St.  Stephen's Mission. Messrs. Crowley,  Gidbs, Spaul, Avith H. G. Jorand as  secretary treasurer, were elected as a  church committee. Rev. Yates will  have charge of the district, residing  either at New Denver or Slocan Citv.  Rossland, Jan. 10.���The year starts iu  most auspiciously both for the Kootenay  district and the Trail Creek mining division. The output for the district and  the divisions for 1897 was simply phenomenal, aggregating the sum of $8,136,-  696. This is an enormous yield, when it  is considered that the entire output of  the lode mines of British Columbia for  ten years previous to 1897 was only $8,-  067,352. The Trail Creek division played  a most important part in bringing about  this great result. This division alone  produced $3,025,508. This is only a little  short of the entire product of the lode  mines of British Columbia for the year  1896, which aggregated $4,257,179. The  total product of ore in Trail Creek division was 75,542 tons. Of this 72,842  tons was smelted and the balance, 2702  tons, milled. '  The shipments for the first six months  of the year, ending June 30, of the ore  that was smelted, 30,008 tons, and for  the last half of the year was 42,832 tons.  The total product of 1895 was $902,457,  and in the year 1896 it was ;.$1,243,360.  This, added to the production of 1897,  $3,022,518, gives $5,171,322 as; the grand  total product of the mines of Trail Creek  division for the three years. This is a  phenomenal showing for a district Avhieh  began to produce ore only three years  ago.  Nor is this all. Besides the ore that  was smelted and milled, there are some  60,000 tons of low grade ore lying on the  dumps of the several mines. This was  mined during the year, and will average,  at least.$13 per ton. This second-class  ore will be utilised just as soon as cheaper methods of reduction are brought into  vogue. With the building into Rossland  of the Crow's Nest Pass railway, which  will be completed some time this year,  there Avill come, a reduction in the cost  of coke and.other smelter supplies. This  will result in the cutting down of the  cost of smelting, and then these ores can  be marketed at a profit.  ANOTHER   r,E   ROI    DIVIDEND.  larger production, cheaper cost of producing, and larger profits to the stockholders.  The principal, if not the sole reason  for the good times enjoyed by the copper  districts is found in the enormous foreign  demand for the product of the mines.  Of the 1896 Amerecan production, over  60 per cent, was exported, and for the  first half of the past year the exports exceeded 58 per cent, of the output. The  world's supply of visable copper continues slowly but steadily to decrease,  being at present less than 33,000 tons,  although the American mines have increased their production steadily for a  number of years past. The outlook for  the copper producers could hardly be  better, for with a general revival of business in this country the domestic demand will be greatly increased and  although the present price of the metal  allows enormous profits, an enhanced  demand will necessarily bring about  higher prices, and as a consequence,  larger profits.  During the past twelve months larger  dividends have been paid by the Lake  Superior mines than ever before in the  same period of time. The great Calumet  and Hecla,the richest mine in the world, ���  led with dividends of $40 per share, a  total of $4,000,000, followed by the  Quincy with a round million of profits  paid stockholders. The Tamarack paid  $360,000, and the Osceola, Kersarge and  Atlantic also paid handsomely.  For the year 1896 the production of refined copper by Michigan mines amounted to 138,396,760 pounds, worth approximately , $15,000,000. This production  was achieved by seventeen mines, nine  of which were in Houghton, one Keweenaw and seven in Ontonagon county, the  Central mine of Keweenaw county contributing 469,243 pounds, or about one-  third of one per cent, of the total production, while the gross output of the  seven Ontonagon-county mines was less  than 120,000 pounds, and all was secured  by "tributors," or miners who picked  what copper could be found from the  upper workings of abandoned mines.  The Calumet and Hecla produced 85,-  552,756 pounds of refined copper, or  two-thirds of the entire production of the  state. Of the refined copper, a trifle  over 25,000 tons was smelted at the  works of the Calumet and Hecla at  Black Rock, Buffalo, and something  over 44,000 tons was refined at the  smelters at Houghton.  The 1897 output of copper by the Lake  district will probably reach or even exceed 75,000 tons, and the profit to the  mining companies on this output will  scarcely fall short of $7,000,000, after  labor has been paid the highest wages  found in any mining district east of the  Rocky Mountains, wages from which the  miners have saved sufficient to become  themselves among the heaviest stockholders of the mines in which they work.  Want Protection   for   Lumber,  At a meeting of tbe British Columbia  lumbermen held at Vancouver some  days'ago a resolution wus passed that  the Canadian government should place  a duty on shingles and lumber unless  the United States places them on the  free list, as the Canadian government  has done.   A Clincher.���Outraged Erin : Gintle-  mih,I wud loike to ashk thim Amerikins  wan thing: Who doog the canals uv  the coontry but furriners? Who built  the railruds uv the coontry but furrin-  ers? Who wcrruks the mines uv the  coontry but furriners ? Who does the  votin' fur the coontry but furriners?  And-who the divil disheooverod the  coutrv but furriners ?  Men* Wanted���To rent well-fm*nish-  ed room or cabins newly  built.    Save j  hotel fare and have a comfortable house  for only SR a month.    Apply to Thompson, Mitchell & Co.  Johnny had been carefully brought,  up ; anybody could see that.' One day  he sat' upon his father's knee in a  croAvded steamer. A lady entered.  "Madam," he said, as he rose to his  feet, "take my seat."  Steniners   for    Klondike  ���Quotations Will He  Furnished.  Denver,  Jan.   5.���A   special   to   the  News from Aspen, Colo., says:  Shortly after noon to-day the Aspen  mine managers were informed by  Superintendent Dickey of the Western  Union Telegraph Company that the  matter of New York silver quotations  had been taken up with Handy & Harmon and that he Avould advise them  later regarding the result. This evening Superintendent Dickey wired them  that the .Western Union would obtain  from the Associated Press or some other  source and send out daily the New York  spot cash silver quotations to Aspen for  the benefit of all who wanted them.  This is believed hear to mean  that  Handy & Harmon have refused to fum  ish the cash quotations.  ANOTHER   RECO    DIVIDEND.  The London manager of the Canadian  Pacific railroad confirms the report that  the company has bought from the Union  Steamship line the steamers Tartar ancl  Athenian, formerly the favorite liners  in the South African mail service. It is  believed that they haAre been picked up  cheap, and it is certain that they are  Avell adapted for their work, which is the  establishment of regular freight and  passenger communication beiween Vancouver and Fort Wrangle, at the mouth  of the Stickeen river. Each will do the  trip Avithin three days. They will start  for Vancouver via the Cape of Good  Hope in February, and in all probability  will take outafair number of passengers",  as the company is arranging to boom  them as the safest and cheapest means  of getting to the Klondike.  Two Ways  of Looking  at  it.  On January 7 another $100,000 dividend was declared by the Reco mine  near Sandon, making the total dividends paid to date $287,000, of which  $250,000 was since January 1, 1897. S.  M. Wharton, one of the owners of the  mine, has said that another 8100,000  dividend will be declared within 60  davs.  There is just something over $500,000  difference in the price which the Canadian Pacific Railway Company is  willing to pay F. Aug. Heinze for his  smelter and railway and the price whicli  Heinze is holding out for. The Canadian  Pacific company's experts valued the  smelter and railways, exclusive of the  land grants, at $550,000, but offered to  pay $800,000.    Heinze wanted $1,350,000.  For four-bits   you can  purchase  ancient newspapers at this office.  100  The Le Roi paid another dividend  of 850,000 on January 12. It is the  22nd dividend paid by the company,and  brings the total close to three-quarters  of a million dollars,  the exact figures  being S750,000. The last dividend prior  to this was declared at the meeting of  the directors the first Tuesday in  November, and Avas for the same  amount. The company passed the  dividend in December for the reason  that the smelter at Northport had required the expenditure of .a large sum  of money and the output of ore, owing  to development work in the mine, was  not up to the usual amount.  The first shipments from the mine to  the neAy smelter at Northport. were  made last week, and all. the ore will go  tliere in future.  CANADA'S    MINERAL   OUTPUT.'  The detailed report of the geological  survey upon statistics of mines and  minerals for the year 1.896 has been  issued. It gives Canada's total mineral  production for the, year as ��22.500,000,  an increase of 125 per cent, in 10 years,  the production in 1.886 having been  ��10,000,000.  The increase of mineral production in  the United States for the same decade  was 40 per cent. The annual production per capita is 88 in the United States  against 84.50 in Canada.  "In the production of gold British Columbia stands credited with over (54 per  cent, and Nova Scotia with over nine  per cent. The North-West Territories,  including the Yukon district, comes  third Avith 13 per cent., and Ontario  fourth Avith about five per cent, while  Quebec contributes much under one  per cent.  Not  So Far   as  Alaska.  Beyond question the two most prosperous sections of the United States at the  present time and for several years paBt  are the copper districts of Lake Superior  and Butte, Mont. Wages are as hige as  before the panic of 1893, with more  mines  working,  more men   employed,  OS  NEW DENVER, B.C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.',  New Denver, B.C.  Has Steam Heat,  Electric Light and  every convenience for  the comfort of guests.  The house is .... .  Fifst-class  in every respect  and has few equals in  the mountains of the  West.   The rates are  ��  $250 t"  *P^       mm  a day  $400  IRA W. BLACK,  Proprietor.  Its Central Location  and proximity to all  railroad depots make  it the headquarters  for ........   .  . .',. .  flining  and Commercial  Men.  during their visits to  the silver metropolis  of Canada.  MERICAN  Mining & Milling Co.  Rand & Wallbridge,  Mining and Stock Brokers,  Sole   Agents for Sale of Treasury Stock.  TIP I  Newly opened in New Denver, is one  of comfort, luxury and ease. The  rooms are elegantly furnished, the  building hard-finished, the dining-  room warm, light and tastefully decorated, and the tables laden with all  the viands fit to eat. It isn't neces- -,  to talk about Henry Stege's bar. It  is too well known.  HENRY STEGE, Prop'r  Slocan City  Have the finest stock of Staple  and Fancy Goods in the  Slocan. Intending purchasers  will find it to their financial and  artistic benefit to inspect this  stock before buying all their  lies.  C.O.Di  Goods called  for & Delivered  on  AUNDRY  Edwin Cummings,  KASLO, B.C.  Wholesale Dealer in  Liquors & Cigars,  All the best goods in stock.  V. R   Bonded  Warehouse.    Write  for prices.  ! We are now in a  position to give  thoroughly satisfactory service  and solicit your  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery.  Work bone on Short Notice.  C. M. NESBITT, Prop.  ve-fl-Rates  furnished Hotels,   Steamboat Companies, etc, on application.  El Dorada Ave.  Drug  Store^  w.  ,M  Drugs  and  Stationery,  Toilet  Articles,  Sundries,  Trail  Blazer Cigars.  R. O Matheson,  Proprietor,  Silverton,  Bishopsgate St.  [within]  The  osebery  The  British.L0ND0N-ENG-  Is in Rosebery, B.C.  and has  For the public.  omfortable  Accommodations  J. T. NAULT.  eview  Subscription. -fe-.r-O ]K!r annum  To   Brokers,    Mining  Engineers, owners of  Jlining- claims, Mining  Engineers, Assayers.  ���Journalists and others:���  Advertimtt in the  B,  only   representative    B  Kur��������.     A Good investment  <*.  Keview,    The  C.   Journal    in  Do you want Ink?  Do you want Type ?  Do you want Stereo Plates ?  Do you want to trade Presses ?  Do you want to trade Paper Cutters ���?  Do vou want Anything in the way  of Printing- Material.  ConwT,rthdeTorontoType  Foundry Co.,Ltd���  J.C.CR0ME, Agent,  JZJfl Cordova Street,  JAU       VANCOUVER, B.C.

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