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The Ledge Jan 18, 1900

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 A  K?  yC^C^^/l^/^1-^*-/.  Volume VII.   No   16.  ���NEW DENVER, B. C, JANUARY 18, 1900.  Price, $2 00 Year:  SLOGAN GAMP NEWS  LOCAL    CHIT-CHAT.  J. A. McDonald has gone.to. Movie to  WQl'k.  Tonight the Quadrille Club will give  its last dance for the season.  The drouth increases at Sandon.  About half of the gin mills closed on  Monday.  R. F. Greeu writes that the government cannot provide anv fire protection  for New Denver.  Rev. Mr. Duncan will conduct divine  service at the Presbyterian church next  Sunday morning.  The Earl of Ava, recently dead in  South Africa, spent a short season in  New Denver last year.  Two births were registered in Sandon  last week���Mrs. Wm. Karr and Mrs.  Bert Creech, both boys.  Services will be held in Stephen's  church next Sunday, both morning and  evening.   Rev. C. F. Yates, pastor.  On Sunday a shack in the centre of  Slocan City caught fire, and the town  had a narrow escape from extinction.  W. L. Hagler, secretary of the San  don Miners' Union, was married to Miss  E, Spottswood, in Sandon, last week.  Thos. Avison was presented with a  handsome parlor suite, Monday evening, by his brother K. of P.'s, in honor  of his recent marriage.  The Knights of Pythias have decided  to celebrate the third anniversary of  their establishment here with a liall, to  be given on Feb. 22nd.  A special train brought 31 aliens to  Sandon on Sunday night. Of these 28  can hardly speak English, while three  of them wear white shirts and talk  English like a. native.  Dan Bon.ga.rd sold  his hotel business  in Greenwood last fall to Billy Simpson,  ���of Nelson.   He is now running a sawmill at Kettle Falls, and expects to cut  a million feet of lumber this season.  During 1899 there were recorded in  the Ainsworth division 622 locations,  372 transfers, 60 certificates of improvement, and 976 assessments. In lieu of  assessments $2700 in cash was paid in  at Kaslo.  The Miners' Union have arranged  their big ball for Thursday, Feb 1. It  is to be a masquerade, and suits may be  obtained at Nesbitt's fruit store. Supper will be served at the St. James.  The committee is sparing no effort to  make this affair a huge success.  It is a pleasant contrast  to note  the  difference in the actions and speech of  such men as ErneBt Mansfield,  and the  chronic non-working agitators opposing  the eight-hour law.     The  managers  of  the mines that are not  working  are not  Teferred to in this, for they are observing  the good taste of saying nothing, even if  they are not pleased with the way things  are going.   It is the man  who is ever  ready to paint things in the darkest hue  and keeps blue-ruin on tap,  that makes  the contrast.    Mr. Mansfield is a man of  knowledge  and    foresight.       He   has  millions of dollars back of him, and must  know how things are going.     He is asking no questions,  but when he sees a  property that pleases him he takes it up  and puts men to work.    His time is too  valuable to be spent in  discussing the  propriety of this law or that; like a man  of   business he accepts   the conditions  confronting him and makes  the best of  it. |   Broke Through a Trestle.  SLOCAN    MINKKAL    FLOAT.  The K. & S. reports an increase in  ore shipments.  The Star Mining & Milling Co. will  meet on February 2.  Two carloads of ore was shipped out  by the Rambler last week.  Seven men are employed running' the  long drift on the Silverite.  The force on the Heather Bell has  been increased to four men.  Stoping will commence shortly on the  Hartney group, and rawhiding will follow.  The tunnel on the Capella is in 46  feet, with the ore chute still carrying.  It is expected the lower drift on the  Marion will cut into the ledge'the end  of the week.  Crouse & Williams have completed  their contract on the Sovereign, having  driven 713 feet.  The force on the Rambler has again  been increased. Geo. Clark has been  made shift boss.  Work on the Neglected, situated close  to town, will be resumed on Monday,  two men being employed.  Seven men are employed at the California. The lower tunnel will be driven  350 feet to catch the ore at great depth.  It is now in 100 feet.  Ore is being packed down from the  Hartney this week. A car load shipment will be made at once, to be followed  by several more in the near future.  The ore chute in the Marion stope  widened to eighteen inches this week.  This property is developing well and  promises to be a regular shipper shortly.  The cross-cut tunnel being driven on  the Frisco, has encountered the ledge at  a distance of 35 feet. On the surface  the ledge shows carbonates and galena.  A short drift on the ledge will reach a  point under the ore showing on the surface.  DIRTY    LINKiV    WASHIXG.  Editor Lkjkju :  Sir,���I would  willingly  submit to the  public, as an   impartial  judge, all statements made by  me  before  the political  meeting of January 3rd, did I not heartily deplore any  publicity of my name,  even in a casual  manner.   The avowed  objects of the  meeting were the discussion of matters of public interest.   Who  then,   may   I   ask, were   privileged   to  speak if not the general public?   Had*  Mr. Sproat confined  himself to facts in  the mention of  my  name, no exception  could be taken, but when he trifles so  malignantly with  the truth the  public  are free to draw their own conclusions as  to the veracity of his  other statements.  It is an unpardonable slight to the chairman to say I was out of order, whose full  permission I had to  the floor.    But Mr.  Sproat proceeds  to inform   the  public  that   my   remarks   were   impertinent!  Aside from the gross falsity of the imputation, I beg to  remind  him that he, of  all people, is least fitted to accuse anyone  of impertinence.  E. P. Bremner.  New Denver, Jan. 12th.  SCABS   at  sandon.  A   WORD    TO    TJIK    WISH.  On Sunday night 28 Finns and Swedes  from Minnesota, arrived in Sandon, by  special K. & S. train. C. H. Hand, F.  A. Wood, and Geo. W. Hughes accompanied the crowd. When they landed  at the Payne, about midnight, a delegation from the Miners' Union attempted to interview them, but as Manager  Hand had them locked in the ore house  no confab was possible. Few of the  foreigners can speak English, and they  carry no blankets and very little  clothes. It is expected that more of  the same class will go to work at the  Ruth, Idaho, and Last Chance. Dispatches have been sent by the Union  executive to different journals and individuals, which so far have not beeu  published or replied to, from which it  is implied that the wires are down, or  the censor overworked bv the C.P.R.  It would be well for  the mine managers of Kootenay to  profit by   the experience of other camps.    It is  a costly  policy that gives labor  to  foreigners in  preference to native born Canadians.   If  the Silver-Lead Mines Association succeeds in opening the mines with  scab  labor, and foreigners at thaT,,  the association will have been a curse   to the  community.    It might save a'few dollars  now, but the loss will follow later.   Take  the case of  the Cceur d'Alenes for example.   There foreigners were taken into  the mines to such an extent  that they  out numbered the  Americans and captured the labor organizations.     The result was that trouble reigned in the district.    Of the 528  prisoners  shut up in  bull-pen at Wardner after the dynamite  outrage, 396  were foreigners and only  132 of American birth.    Since the trouble was ended and the mines resumed  operations, the district has been Americanized, and of the 2073 men employed  in the mines in November 1357 were of  American birth;   97 were Germans, 209  Scandinavians, 61 Italians, 98 Canadians,  38 Austrians, 15 Scotch, 86 English, 36  Irish,   24   Welsh,   45   Russians   and 7  French.   The Slocan mines should be  Canadianized.     Canadian   miners   are  the best of workmen.   They are cheaper  at $3.50 a day than  foreigners will be at  $3 or $2.50.  m&3m&sm&��%% as as seasssssssA?  </&  SCIENTIFIC  NOTES $  TELLURIUM    AND   TELLURIDES.  Notes of Interest and Instruction   to the  Prospector.  HIS   DREAM.  CLIMBED    THE   SHAFT.  INTERESTING    CONCENTRATES.  Dawson & Craddock, of . Trail, are  putting np a $1500 store building at  Greenwood.  Corporal E. M. Lindsay shot himself  dead at Regina because he was medically unfit to go to South Africa.  Price Ellison,Opposition member from  one of the Yales, has decided to resign  and go to South Africa as a scout.  The Camp McKinney Mines,Limited,  operating in the Boundary, have had  their stamp mill and properties seized  by the sheriff for debt.  A bad smash-up occurred Sunday on  the Crow's Nest road, near Creston,  the cars jumping the track in rounding  a curve.   Three men were injured.  On Sunday the tug Kaslo, while lying  at the dock at Nelson, was  burned  Capt. Lean was in command, and saved  the hull by scuttling.      The tug, when  new, cost S10,000.  No mail arrived from Nelson on Monday owing to an accident on the Columbia & Kootenay road. The early train  from Nelson got mixed up with trestle  No. 63, smashing things up generally  and delaying traffic for a day. One car  went through to the gulch below and  ���was wrecked. No one was hurt. Billy  Barnfather was the engineer, with Conductor McKay in charge of the train.  i ~   The Molly Gibson is shipping ore to  Nelson.  Coast steamboat men figure on moving 30,000 people to Cape Nome in the  spring. I  SLOCAN CITY  NEWS IN BRIEF.  W. H. Moss, of Vancouver, spent several days in town this week, on his way  to Grand Forks.  M. Cameron is building a stable at  Lemon Creek siding, and will move  some of his pack train there.  Everything is now ready for the big  ball in the Music Hall, on Thursday  night, and all who attend can depend  on enjoying a good time.  The Arlington has four carloads of  ore ready to ship, and this is now being  rawhided down. The ore has been taken out in development only. It will  be a good time for the camp when the  Arlington can ship regularlv.  After thirteen weeks of existence the  Phoenix News has climbed the shaft,  and flung itself over the dump of oblivion. Before going off shil'c it made  these remarks:���  "Phoenix will be a large town, but at  present all lines of business are overdone. This is especially so in the newspaper business. There is a good living  for one, and but a bare existence for  two. With a population of between four  and five hundred, Phoenix has sixteen  hotels, five general stores, two drug  stores, three stationers, two furnishings  stores, two tailors, two shoemakers,  three livery stables, four barbers, three  doctors and two lawyers. The number  of men working for the mining companies of Greenwood camp is about 225,  or a payroll of $22,500 per month."  LEGISLATURE    DOINGS.  So far the Provincial parliament has  done nothing but listen to the dirty  linen washing of sore-headed politicians.  Joe Martin has done everything in his  power to upset the Semlin. government.  He has been helped by the Turner opposition, but they have not been sufficiently strong to accomplish their purpose.  Th 3 government has been so hard-pushed  that it has been unable to do any business. How long this thing will last remains to be seen. In the meantime  both sidesare strengthening themselves  in view of a possible election at an early  date.   Big Copper Deal.  Papa (at the breakfast table)���Willie,  my boy, why are you looking so  thoughtful? Are you not feeling very  well? .1  Willie (very seriously)���Yes, papa;  but I had a strange dream this morning, ;  Papa���Indeed!   What was it?  Willie���I dreamed, papa, that I died  and went to heaven; and when Saint  Peter met me at the 'gate, instead of  showing me the way to the golden  streets, as I expected, he took me out  into a large field, land in the middle of  the field was a ladder reaching np into  the sky and out of sight. Then Saint  Peter told me heaven was at the top,  and in order to g'et there I must take  the big piece of chalk he gave me and  slowly climb the ladder,writing on each  rung* some sin that I had committed.  Papa (laying down his newspaper)���  And did you finally reach heaven, my  son?  Willie���No, papa; for just as I was  thinking of something- to write on the  second rung, I looked up into the sky  and saw vou coming down.  Papa���And what was I coming down  for, pray?  Willie���That's just what I asked you,  papa, and you told me you  for more chalk!  SLOCAX   ORE    SHIPMENTS.  The total amount of ore shipped from  the Slocan from January 1, 1899, to  June 30, 1899, was 15,113 tons. From  July 1, 1899, to Dec. 31, 1899, the shipments were 4,310 tons.   Following are  the shipments from January 1, 1900, to  Jan. 14:  Week      Total  American Boy  20  Queen Bess '.. . yC  Rambler  40               60  Surprise  20  Florida  20  Bosun  2C  Total tons       40 2S0  Looked Upon America's Lucerne.  Increase in Price of Silver.  Renewed buying of silver by the Indian government, the London Statist  says, can not be much longer delayed  in consequence of rupee eoinage requirements, and this will lead doubtless  to a marked improvement in the price  of silrer.  The big copper claims at White  Horse, above Bennett, have been sold  to London capitalists for $2,000,000, so  it is asserted by one of the part owners  in Vancouver. This is one of the biggest deals ever recorded in Western  Canada. Mr. Bowker, of the B. A. C,  had a buying option on the property,  has been in London some time negotiating the deal. There are twenty claims  in the White Horse group, and the various owners pooled their interests.  Wm. Brennan and U. Daniel, employed at the Ymir mine, were painfully injured Monday by flying rock, caus-  eu by a premature blast.  Lrnest Mansfield was in New Denver  last week for the purpose of examining  the Mollie Hughes. He leaves on Friday for London. Mr. Mansfield has invested considerable money for his company in the Slocan during the past  year, and is very popular with the  miners. His company will expend a  million dollars upon claims and development in the Slocan and other parts  of West Kootenay. They are evidently  not afraid of the eight hour law and  know a ��-ood country when thev see it.  I.    O.    F.    OFFICERS.  The annual meeting of the I. O. F.  Court, New Denver, No. 3386, was held  in Pyman's hall, on the 9th inst. The  following officers were appointed:���Ed.  Angrignon, C R.; A. D. McPherson, V.  C.R.; C. D. McRae, F.S.& F.; J. H.  Strickland, R.S.; P. Angrignon, S.W.  The laborers of Nelson have organized a union.  [Compiled by Wm. Thomlinson.]  On account of the reported occurrence  of telluride ores around the headwaters  of Kettle river, between Vernon and Fire  Valley, west of the Lower Arrow Lake,  the following notes, compiled from the  best authorities, may prove instructive  and of value to prospectors:���  TELLURIUM.  Tellurium is one of the elementary  substances. It is a rare element, and  when found is generally combined chemically with other elementary substances,  as silver, gold, lead, mercury, bismuth,  and sulphur, forming compounds, called  tellurides.  The element, tellurium, itself is of  little economic value, but is interesting  for the reason that it is the only element  with which gold combines chemically in  nature; and on account of its association  with the other substances above mentioned.  When first discovered, in Germany,  1782, tellurium was mistaken for silver  ore. When scientists examined it, they  were much puzzled with it, and finally  decided it was a new element, which  they named tellurium, from the Latin  word���tellus, the earth.  The principal properties of native tellurium are: bright lustre, silver-white  color, greyish streak and powder, hardness 2 to 2.5, is somewhat brittle, fuses  easily, volatilizes and can be distilled at  high temperatures, golden yellow vapor,  crystalizes readily but may occur massive, when strongly heated burns with a  blueish-green flame and gives off thick  white smoke, is soluble in nitric acid.  TELLURIDES.  Sylvanite.���A telluride of gold and  silver, named sylvanite because found in  Transylvania. A good specimen gives  about28.5 per cent gold, 15.5 percent  silver and 56 per cent tellurium, but its  composition is variable. It may vary  silver 1 to 15 per cent, gold 25 to 45 per  cent, tellurium 45 to 56 per cent. The  sylvanite found at Cripple Creek, Col.,  averages about 25 per cent in gold. It  has a bright metallic lustre; color, steel  grey to silver white, but sometimes pale  or brassy yellow. Hardness, 1.5 to 2,  brittle, fuses easily, and the tellurium  volatilizes, leaving a globule of gold and  silver. It is usually found massive, but  sometimes in plates or bladed crystals.  When the specks or crystals of sylvanite  are arranged in the gangue rock, almost  like Hebrew writing, the ore is called  graphic tellurium. Prof. A. Lakes, in  describing the specimens of telluride  ores in the state museum at Denver,Col.,  uses the following terms: "Bronze colored sylvanite in foliated plates or scales,  bronze colored tellurides, glittering little  plates of telluride8,magnificentglittering  plates of tellurides crossing each other,  hair-like network of telluride minerals,"  etc.  Calaverite���A telluride of gold, named  calaverite because found in Calaveras  county, Cal. It also occurs at Cripple  Creek. Its composition is gold 44.5 per  cent, tellurium 55.5 per cent. It is of a  bronze yellow color, resulting from the  blending of the silver white tellurium  with yellow gold. It is usually found  massive or without crystals.  Petzite.���This,like sylvanite, is a telluride of gold and silver, but contains  more silver and less tellurium. Its usual  composition is gold 25.70 per cent, silver  42.36 per cent, tellurium 34.16 per cent.  Sometimes petzite is found containing  more silver and less gold than the above  percentages. It is the most abundant of  the tellurides, and occurs at Cripple  Creek, Republic, Wash., and several  other places. The ore has a metallic  lustre. Its color is steel grey, but as it  often tarnishes to an iron black, the  color of a fresh break or fracture should  be observed. Hardness 2.5 to 3 per cent.  It may be slightly sectile, and is usually  found massive without crystalization. It  fuses easily before the blowpipe, the tellurium volatilizing and leaving a globule  of gold and silver.  Hessite.���A telluride of silver; contains silver 62.8 per cent, and tellurium  37.2 per cent. It has a metallic lustre,  lead to steel grey color, blackish powder,  and it is malleable and sectile like lead.  It fuses easily with soda before the blow  pipe and gives a silver globule. When  part of the silver contents are replaced  by gold, it may be classified as petzite,  to which it is closely related.  Altaite.���A telluride of lead, first discovered in the Altai mountains. It contains lead 61.8 per cent, tellurium 38.2  percent. Hardness 2.5 to 3.5. It is of  tin white or yellowish color; is sectile  and fuses easily. It is usually found  massive, but occasionally in cubes like  galena. It tarnishes to a bronze yellow,  therefore should be judged by a fresh  fracture.  Tetradymite.���A telluride of bismuth;  usual composition bismuth 52 per cent,  tellurium 48 per cent, but sulphur and  selenium are often present in small  quantities. Color, pale and metallic  grey; hardness 1.5 to 2. It fuses easily  and volatilizes, and it may be found  massive, granular, or in-flexible leaf-like  plates, slightly sectile. It occurs in the  gold mines of Virginia and Georgia.  Nagyagite, or Foliated Tellurium.���  This is a very mixed telluride, having  variable quantities of sulphur, iron, load,  silver and gold in its composition. It  contains from 6 to 9 per cent gold. It��  color is blackish-lead-grey. It is very  soft, hardness 1 to 1.5, and usually occurs in flexible leafy forms, but may be  found massive. It may be mistaken for  a form of graphite, but as nagyagite  fuses easily in a candle flame, and graphite is practically infusible, no mistake  should be made on account of the resemblance.  Coloradoite.���A telluride of mercury,  often mixed with other telluride ores.  Mullerine.���A rare gold bearing telluride of lead and antimony.  Kremerite.���A  rare  telluride of gold, .  occurring at Nagyagin.  Led Astray by a Satchel.  Some time ago one of Marshall's most  charming young ladies slipped and fell  on the stepping stones in front of her  father's house and sprained her knee.  It grew so bad she thought it necessary  to call in a physician. She had formed  a dislike to their family doctor, so her  father suggested several others, and  finally it was decided to call the spruce  young man with a homeopathic case  that p&ssed the house every day.  They kept a sharp lookout, and when  he  came  along  called  him in.   The  young lady modestly raised her skirts  and showed the disabled member.   The  little man looked  at it attentively and  then said:  "That certainly is quite serious."  ''Well," said she, "what shall I do?"  "If I were you," he  whispered,   "I  would send for a physician; I am a piano tuner."  .   Took Their Coffins Home.  Calvin McPherson and wife, living  near English, Crawford county, celebrated their fiftieth wedding anniversary at the residence of their daughter,  at English, yesterday, at which were  present many of the children and  grandchildren, says a recent despatch  from Indianapolis. Later in the afternoon Mr. and Mrs. McPherson went to  an undertaker's and selected their coffins and had them placed in their wagon  to be taken borne. They are both past  seventy. In explanation of the purchase of the coffins, Mr. McPherson  said:  "We just thought we'd have 'em  ready, as it won't be long till we'll need  'em."    Slowly drift the days towards that  gentle period called spring, and Jack  Frost is still loth to stay in camp. Not  so with Williams. He is always in town  and can be found working a long shift,  in order to allow people a chance of investing in the many luxuries, including  pineapples, to be seen at his store, on  the lower end of the Broadway of New-  Denver.  l^.|lffl,U]llL,UIMIIWJlMUM^J^a.JtUlJJ^lUJJIAI.SIIUJJ.^IKlLWIMW^Kiaangra5E lyusrcmirr. ^"  THE LEDGE, NEW DJO^VER, B.C., JANUARY' 18,  1900.  Seventh Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION" RATES:  Three months   8U "         :   Twelve  "    Three ykaks   Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line first in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement. -  1.25  2.00  5.00  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Always send something pood  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot, and we will do the rest  dying of sexual starvation, nor would j with silk and edged with costly lace,  the world contain any scarlet women \ Daily they are sponged with per-  to waste their lives by . excesses that fumed water. Their "blankets are  are repugnant and contraryto nature, (embroidered. They wear jeweled  The evil cannot be remedied in a day,! collars. Their slobbery, unclean  but there will come a time when j mouths are pressed a hundred times  love and common sense will rule this j a day by rosy  lips.     In   the Fifth  world. Until then matrimony will  continue to be a lottery and the sacrifice of our women will continue. In  the meantime we trust that ignorant  avenue neig borhood are several  "dog, tailors," who are growing rich  off their fool women patrons. These  fellows cut dog   blankets to fit after  A pencil cross in this square  indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look at  your collateral.  fBURSDAr,   JANUARY  18.  1900.  o:ni.y   imacixakv,  We hear a great  deal  nowadays  about   the   great  damage that the  labor trouble in the Slocan has done  in the way of preventing capital from  coming into the camp. It is true that  capital does not care  to do anything  when the labor question is unsettled,  but the  inertia  is only   temporary.  When matters are amicably adjusted  capital will come in  freely,   if the  African war does not  interfere  with  its flow.     Capital   is   too greedy  to  stay away from a rich lunch like the  Slocan.   Even as it is,   more capital  has been attracted to the Slocan this  year than at any time in its history.  Two companies with  more than fifty  millions of dollars at their back are  now operating in this section of the  country, and they do not say a word  against paying $3.50 for eight hour  shifts.    This will be startling news to  the many carpers who sit with their  hands crossed and sputter blue ruin  from the bottom of their rotten souls.  The Coeur d'Alenes, in  Idaho,  had a  much more serious labor trouble than  we have had in the Slocan,   and this  is how we find matters over there:  During  the first half ot   1899,   the  value of documents filed for record in  the Coeur d'Alene district amounted  to $586,058.84, and for the last half  $1,486,752.85.     The   increase   over  1898 was over 200 per cent.   If Idaho  can show such a record  after its recent experience with dynamite, bull  pens and martial law, where will the  Slocan be at when the present bloodless   contention  has  become only a  memory?     Echo   answers,   "Out of  sight and still a'climbing."  FROM'   THE    CRIStSOX    VELDT.  THE    MUSTARD    DRAWS.  Last week we published a paragraph stating that mustard was good  for the memory, and stated that we  thought ot d istributing a few pounds  of it amongst our delinquent subscribers. A day or two later we received the following: "We took the  mustard, and itisallright. Enclosed  find $2 more, and hereafter be more  prompt in sending in your bill, as we  are liable to be in South Africa at any  time doing the right thing for Paul.  When you come over call in and  have a Boer mix-up (in a glass.)"  We are always pleased to receive  communications of this kind, although it is the first time we have  been accused of a lack of promptness  in sending in our bill. We can assure our humorous subscriber that  just as soon as we strike his camp we  will display no lack of promptness in  taking that Boer mix-up, especially  as it will be mixed by a Borene. The  drink will be new to us, but we suppose it is made with aqua pura as a  base, spirits menti in the centre, a  dash of Paulinaris, a kopje of sugar,  mint from the veldt, and is to be  drank to slow music. However, it is  a drink that we have coming, and  we have no notion to send more mus  tard.  Doomed Paul: "Jouby, sit mit me,  und I vil readt you mit der latest  news."   [Jouby sits.]  Paul reads: "Nelson, Jan. 12. Der  vas von pig pattle yesterday. Der  pioneer brigade und der labor corps  led by Houston made a grandt attack on der army ot white bants und  cod-fish plue-ploods, and after many  hours drove dem intu der consomme.  Der light was hot, but above all der  din der roar of der street cars could  be heard, und many a victim fell  mit der mud. Vhen der flag of druce  vas run oud, Fletcher vas found under der snow vildly singing, 'Oh,  vy do dey calls me Dinnis.' John  Handsum Houston vas found flitting  on a pile of slot machines in a veldt  mit clover, holding'a plack jack mit  each hand, und der pees dropt honey  on him und sang, 'Ve are der Peoples,' 'Seven Come Eleven,' 'Come  vere der Miner liesa'Sleeping,' 'Vere,  oh vere vas Davie Carley Gone,' und  udder musics. Der Irish und Scotch  vas bunished padly, vhile in many a  pack yard der dead marines could  be seen silent and spiritless. In der  sortie at Kaslo, McAnn raised Kane,  und not a gun vas fired at Sandon."  Paul: 'How you like dot, Jouby?  Hand me dot pottle rait schnapps on  der inside."  Jouby:  "Dot vas allridt, put ve hef  no more dime today to read mit dem  news."  Paul:  "Vy so?"  Jouby: "Pacause his nobs, Bobs,  has arrived mit der. Cape und I see  der end. Ve vil] soon pe mit  Fletcher."  Paul: "Jouby, you must not peso  depressivied in your spirits. Ve hef  much to pe dankful for dose dimes."  Jouby: "Vat tor?"  Paul: "Veil, ve don'dt hef to read  mit der Nelson Miner, nor listen to  Joe Martin, nor live at Rosebery.  Neider do ve hef to bay enny C.P.R.  freighdt pills. Ifve did Jouby, ve  could not carry on der var. Oh, ray  dear Joub, ve hef much to dank our  Dutch Lord for. Let us now go oud  to a kopje und look .'mit der var some  more."  parsons and legislators will no't make j careful measurement,   select   colors  matters any worse than they are.       j which will be becoming to Fido and    idigcuss gravely   the latest fashions  in dog furnishings. They make to  order dog astrakhan overcoais, lined  with pink, yellow, green, blue or  brown satin. They manufacture fur  collars for these infernal substitutes  for infants. Dog shoemakers make  patent-leather shoes for the curled and  scented darlings to wear upon sidewalks when the weather is cold. To  out-fit a seventy-cent dog, the property of a mush-brained million-  heiress, costs from $300 to $500, there  being at the same time 1.0,000 starving men and women within a mile of  the dog's palatial home. Children  are kept in the nursery, but the miserable, undersized, overfed pup, or  canine adult, is permitted to run all j  over the house, its frantic maid fol-1  lowing it about, not daring to chide  it, but imploring it in a thousand endearing terms to be "a good child"  and not "a naughty, naughty 'itty  dirl" or 'ittv man," as the sex of the  thing may determine.  r-titiinn��iinT��Tr.��>ff��y *^- ^- T"*-^ ��-tw��j��*. ����w.����a.j  ��otreal  Established  1817.  Capital (all paid up) 312,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    : 1,102,792.72  HEAD   OFFICE,    MONTREAL.  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona and Mount Ro^al, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches in,, all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  E. PITT, Manager  4 - ���  i  ASLO MOTEL  Family & Commercial.  IVEcOetlluLm &, Co  slocan crrr, R c.  L  arge  And  Rooms  Fitted with  every modern  convenience.   Special protection against fire.  Rates $2.50  Jumping into I and $3 per day.  Comfortable I Heavy and Shelf Hardware.       Jessop's and Canton Drill  i '     Steel.       Stoves. Tin and Granite Ware.  DOGS HAVE THE PREFERENCE.  MATRIMONIAL     LAWS.  The parsons are  seeking a change  in the   marriage  laws at  Victoria.  They propose to lessen the chances of  divorce.   The parsons, in  their zeal  to benefit the human race, are going  backwards.     What   we   want   is a  liberal divorce law and a. better sexual education for the masses.    In sex  relations   and   customs   the   human  race do not exhibit as much sense as  the lower animals.     After  marriage  the parsons  would  have nothing but  death   part   individuals.       This   is  wrong, as it entails a   living  death  upon more than   half of the people.  When love is dead it is time to look  for another mate.    We believe in the  emancipation   of   women,   and  that  The women of France and the  women of Quebec have different ideas  in reference to replenishing the earth.  In France no babies are wanted, and  the wives of that decaying nation use  every known device to prevent conception To such an extent is this  carried on that France will soon be a  sixth-rate power in Europe. In the  French province of Canada the reverse is the order of the day, :ind unless the women change their ways  we will have over 70 millions of  French Canadians in a little over the  end of the twentieth century.  In the cities of the United States  t! e wives of the parvenu rich haye  taken a leaf from the code of France  and are doing their best to keep down  production. Many of them, especially in New York, find more enjoyment in coddling the son of a female  canine than they do in nursing a  miniature of themselves and husbands. A Chicago writer describes  the dog darlings of Fifth avenue in  the following vigorous language:  "New York's four hundred, the delightful   band of   which  Ward  McAllister, a southern cad,   was so long  the  director,   runs now to   dogs in  place of infants.    Any person walking along Fifth  avenue of  a sunny  winter morning will see five hundred  nurses out with dogs to ten  that are  out with babies.    In the  parks ffne  carriages whirl by, but in them are  no baby  faces, lace encircled,   rosy  and smiling.    The muzzles of poodles  are thrust out from the laps of women  lolling   on    the    upholstered   seats, j  "Perambulators" roll  up  and  down j  the sidewalks in the quieter parts of I  the city, but the patient women shoving them along do not stop and pane j  Cuddled on soft pillows, snuggled in- ;  to ^audy   costly   blankets  are  pugs '.  and  Japanese  poodles and spaniels j  and   long-bodied,   stinking,    bench-;  the silken lap of its mistress, the "itty  dirl" or "itty man."ishugged, kissed,  fondled, slopped over ad nauseam.  "New York women of that walk in  life which is misnamed the "upper"  not only refuse to bear children, but  refuse to have anything to do with  the children of others. Most of all do  they refuse to adopt children. The  secretary of the Children's Aid Society does not look to the grande  dames for help. The hundreds of  waifs that come under the society's  care in a year are gradually placed  in comfortable homes, but these  homes are almost invariably outside  of New York city. 'A dog is so much  less responsibility and so much more  pleasing in every way,' says Mrs.  Vanastorbilt. 'Why should I be  troubled with the legitimate, or illegitimate, brat of a common woman?'"  COCKLE &  PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  New Denver  Transportation  & Light Co.  PALMA ANGRIGNON, PROPRIETOR.  We are handling all kinds of  XPLOSIVE  Blasting, Mining and Sporting Powders.    Also Blacksmith's  Coal.    Lumber, Sash and Doors.  The Clifton House,  General Draying: Mining Supplies and Heavy Transportation a Specialty.  Saddle Horses and Pack Animals.  Feed Stables at New Denver.  NO MORE IMRTY LINEN.  The last week or two we have allowed some literary laundry work to  be done through the columns of this  paper. No more will be received at  this office, as our space is too valuable  to be taken up with amateur literary  surgical effusions. If anybody or  anything is to be roasted in the future we will do the job, and ask no  favors.  JOHN WILLIAMS  Dealer in  IMPORTED  AND DOMESTIC CIGARS  ANDTOBACCOES,  PIPES, &.O.  Van Camp Lunch Goods,   Confectioner v and Fruit.  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a large number of people.     The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckley, Prop.  BATHS IN CONNECTION.  Newmarket Block. New Denver  BRICK  FOR   SALE.  The Yukon Sun is doing a good  work in repeatedly sounding a strong  note of warn iw; against the booming  of Cape Nome. That paper���without  regard to the recently added complexities of judicial decision, which  makes all titles to foreshore gold  claims doubtful���significantly points  out that a Mr. Shepherd, agent for  the North American Trading and  Transportation Co ,   at St.   Michael,  Alaska, sent circular letters  far and j SLOCAN   CITY,   B.  C.  wide, booming Cape Nome as early j  as February last, though only $1,600 j  worth of gold  had  then been taken j  out.   It is confidently asserted by the '  NEW DENVER,  Provides ample and pleasant accommodation for the traveling public.  Telegrams for rooms  promptly attended to.  HENRY STEGE, - -.        -       -'- Proprietor.  HOTEL  New Denver, B.C.  A. JACOBSON & CO., Props  Best meals in  the city���Comfortable rooms���Bar replete with the best of  Liquors and Cigars���Best service throughout.  ��� H>HS    GOETTSCHE,  NEW" DENVER.'  H. D. CURTIS,  Notarv Public.  Mines:   Real   Estate;   Insurance;  accountant.  Abstracts of Title Furnished,  Hill Bros.  Manufacturers'of  Prospector  AV  S. Drewry  Kaslo. B.C  H. T. TwiGCi  New Denver, B.C.  Sun that much of the exaggeration of  Cape Nome gold possibilities is due  to the deliberate machinations of  American transport company agents, j ^ jJ# GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  M  ' BARRISTER,  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford. McNeil Code.  (tSTRashdall & Fauquier, Agents.  During the boom of 1887 Sault Ste  Marie was said to have a fair chance  to be a second Chicago. Now a company is spending $7,500,000 there in Saturday  the erection of mills and the people  dub the town a second Sheffield.  Solicitor. Notary Public, Etc  Sandon, B.C.  Branch office at New1 Denver every  The Payne has reached the Scandinavian stage of its existence, a decided improvement over the era of  macaroni.  F. L. CHRISTIE, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  SOLICITOR, Etc.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Every Friday at. Silverton.  SANDON, B. C  and  Shingles  Orders   shipped to all  parts  Country.      Mill  at  head  ���Slocan Lake. ���  of the  of  Postoftice address, Rosebery.  The  Leland  ouse.  Nakusp.  Is a comfortable hotel for travellers  to stop at.  Mrs. McDougald/  7  Young men, become your own  assayers. Three months will  teach yon assaying for gold,  silver and copper. Live and  learn how, cheaper than you now  live   Columbia College,  Board and Instruction in assaying  ... all for....  ONLY $26.00 PER MONTH  Write to the principal���  REV. W. J. SIPPRELL, B.A.B.D.,  New Westminster.  All classes of learning may he had in this the  only colleg ��� of its kind in the west.  J. K. CLARK,  MINES  and MINING  Reports, Examinations and Management.  NEW DENVER,   -   B.C.  marriage in most of cases is slavery  ���for the woman. We believe that! legged dachshunds. In every up-  in sexual matters women should havej town mansion there is a dog which  equal liberty, if not more than men.' is a household pet. The dog show is  Our social and matrimonial system is one of the swell functions of the year,  wrong. If it was right thousands of: In their homes these worthless brutes  single women would   not  be  slowly , sleep upon cushions of down, cove red  Another week of Specials in our Rubber Goods department, where we have everything to keep one dry and warm.  The goods are the best manufactured in Canada and our  prices cannot be touched by competitors.       We can fit any  foot, from the infant's to the giant's. German Sox of all sizes  and the best quality. Mackinaw Suits, light and heavy; and  Rubber Coats, Ulsters, Etc., for Ladies'-and- Gents'.  7 HI  Seventh Year.  THE LEDttE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 18. 1900.  IN    THE    DIAMOND   MIXES.  How tlie Oatput is  Controlled   l>y a Big  Syndicate.  The defence of Kimberley, the site of  the great diamond fields of South Africa  Mill stand out as one of the notable  events of the present Boer war, though  in the importance of the military operations which have so far taken place in  its neighborhood, it stands third to  Ladysmith and Mafeking.  In some other respects, however.  Kimberley is by far the most interesting  spot in all the troubled land. It is the  location of the richest diamond mines  of the globe, mines that have made the  fortunes of Rhodes, Barnato, and other  mornbers of the great DeBeers syndicate, , whicli practically controls the  world's diamond output. There is a  touch of the romantic, too, about Kimberley just now in the fact that Rhodes,  who, above all others, the Boers would  like to get hold of, is among its beleag-  ured garrison.  Kimberley\s story  is an  interesting  one.  One day, about ten years ago, Barney  Barnato,who began life in South Africa  as a peddler of cheap jewelery and ended it (by his own act) ns the Diamond  King, proposed to Cecil Rhodes that  they put all the diamonds in Kimberley  into a pail.  "Good enough," said the continent  grabber. "Pour them in. I'd like to  see how they look."  Barney placed a large bucket on one  of the sorting tables in the main office,  and into that dumped all the rough diamonds that had been mined during the  year 1889." They filled it right to the  brim.  "Now," he said, "I'M buy that bucket  of diamonds from you, Rhodes, just as  they are, misorted."  The two quickly agreed upon a price  and then and there laid the foundation  of the famous diamond ssmdicate which  is now attracting the attention of the  gem-wearing public, for when Barnato  packed up the stones and sent them to  London and Amsterdam, it required th?.  sorters three months to accomplish the  sorting, and in that time diamonds became so scarce on the market that they  begau to bring fancy prices. Mr.  .Rhodes, who can awaken to such an  opportunity without being roughly  jolted, saw it was a good thing, and  since then his syndicate have been buying up the Kimberley diamond crop in  advance,, doling out the stones as it sees  lit,  The product is now arranged for until June, 1900, and if the demand for  these sparkling baubles continues to  increase and the present war lasts, no  one can say what diamonds will be  worth one year from now The De  Beers Consolidated Mines Company has  the world at its mercy Not enough  diamonds are produced in Brazil. Australia, and other scattered localities to  supply the demand of one largo city  alone.  Jewelers say the market price of the  stones is already 40 per cent, higher  than it was a year ago, with the indication that the high water mark has not  been reached. Every few weeks the  syndicate makes a ten per cent, advance, and the buyers must pay it or  leave their contracts unfilled, which is  a costly proceeding.  Mining diamonds requires more kinds  of attention than any other industry.  The blue clay is the home of the diamond. It runs in veins and the process  is to sink a shaft and blast along levels  at distances regulated so that one will  not fail through on another below. The  De Beers mine has now been carried  down to and below 1400 feet and the  Kimberley to 1900 feet. The Premier  is lessrich than these two, but has a  larffor-area and is very easily worked,  so that .a much lower cost of production  compensates for a lower yield.  The amount of blue ground reported  as in sight was estimated at that time-  as 5,000,000 loads in the De Beers and  -1,000,000.in the Kimberley; while in the  Premier there were 2,750,000 loads  above the 125 foot level, and 4,000,000  loads brought to view by further exploration to 167 feet, in all (3,750.000  foads.'; The total of the three mines  would thus be over 15,000,000 loads.  That is enough to keep them busy at  Kimberley for five years,but a constant  diminution of the yearly output for fear  that this vein of blue ground may suddenly be exhausted and humanity deprived of its supply of coveted diamonds.  Rhodes has also instructed his manager to tighten the watch against diamond thieving, for when the employee  learns that the stones have increased in  value nearly one-half, there is sure to  he an outbreak in that direction, which  the illicit diamond buyers will take advantage of  Although the 1. D. B. traffic has been  suppressed to a great  extent, the Kimberley detectives are kept  very busy,  and the surgeons at the hospital in the  compound have  plenty of sore legs  to  bandage.    While visiting there recently, a writer  in  the St. Louis Globe-  Democrat reports that he' saw aMata-  bele boy dyiug of lockjaw caused, by a  terrible wound in his right leg.   He had  lout open the calf and concealed a dia-  'mond weighing 52 carats in the flesh.  ' \    This seems to be the favorite place of  I concealment.    Formerly the boys did a  thriving business by swallowing the  diamonds, but the manager, Mr. Williams, has put a stop to that by penning  up these 11,000 natives in one great enclosure called a compound, and it is safe  to say that no such habitation like this  is to be found on the  face of the earth.  It is built in the form of a square, and  includes about five acres. Along each  side of the square are built one-story  corrugated iron buildings, divided into  rooms holding twenty natives each.  A high iron fence is erected around  the compound, 10 feet from the buildings, and guards armed with Martini  rifles patrol thereabout,  Even with this arrangement, however, it was found that many diamonds  were being filched, and it transpired  that the boys stole them in the mines,  concealed them until they got in the  compound, and then pitched them over  the fence to a confederate on the street.  Mr. Williams thereupon had the entire  compound roofed with fine wire netting  and this terminated the thefts of this  sort.  There is very little opportunity these  days for a native to dispose of a gem.  He is never permitted to leave this  compound, and when his time of service is approaching he is kept for two  weeks in a special compartment, absolutely naked, alono; with 50 or 00  brothers. If the boy has concealed in  his anatomy somewhere a precious  stone it is bound to make its.appearance in that time. A surgeon goes  over each boy every two days, and if  he looks sick puts him through a sort of  third degree that generally elicits a  diamond or two. The company re  covers about ��400,000 worth of diamonds in a year from the native employes in this way.  The boys in the compound are a jolly  lot. The convict laborers, on the contrary, present a sullen appearance and  look like murderers. These men are  employed mostly in sorting the diamonds as they come from the washing  machines. Keen-eyed guards with instructions to shoot the first man who  attempts to escape, watch every movement of these unfortunate beings.  The la\v against 1, D. B., in fact, is  terribly stringent. A person caught in  Cape Colony with a rough diamond in  his possession and no certificate of  registry gets a short shift. If a white  man he is sent to the Breakwater convict station at Cape Town for perhaps  ten years, where he is employed excavating for the new docks. One of the  most distressing scenes in South Africa  is the march of these men from prison  to work through the streets surrounded  by a regiment of guards.  To be a successful diamond thief  therefore requires the utmost cleverness, but the detectives at Kimberly  will tell you of many instances where  they have been outwitted. An American from Chicago, who owns a saloon  in Johannesburg, wears on his shirt  bosom one of the finest stones to be  seen on the Rand, and glories in telling  how he beat the Kimberly sleuths by  feeding the diamond in a bunch of hay  to his horse. He rode the animal out  of Cape Colony pursued by the officers,  until he got over the border into Transvaal, where he killed the horse and cut  it open, and took out the prize.  THE    VOICE    OF    CONQUEST.  Weave crimson in the robe of Time.  I search for gold and gleaming gem,  Seize fairest islands of the sea,  Find simple folk and fling to them  From cannon mouth���Humanity.  I seek the realm where dullards dwell,  I make each brutish weakling feel  The good there is in shriek of shell,  With saber stroke and thrust of lance  I shake the regions of Content,  And teach the hosts of Ignorance  The sweetness of Enlightenment.  What matter if Death's pride be War,  Or Weakness be the Blave of Might?  Is progress not a conqueror,  And Power another name for Right?  What matter if I crush the free,  Or if ten million men be slain?  Am I not lord of Destiny���  The Anglo-Saxon god of Gain?  ���11. Ba8hford, in S. F. Examiner.  Smelter talk has again broken out in  Kaslo.  NOTICE.  LICENSE Al)THOKIZIN(i   AX   EXTRA-  PROVINCIAL,        COMPANY       TO  CARRY       ON       BUSINESS.  "Companies' Act, 1897."  CANADA:  Pkovixce of British Comj.mwa.  I  j    (d)   To purchase, take on lease,  or in  j exchange, hire, or otherwise acquire any  t u ��� -^   ,,    em���wi i real or personal property, live or dead  I hew my pathway with the Sword st0ck, o.  anv easements,  rights,  privi-  Slay Peace and say I  throttled Cnme,^'        concessions,   or   any interest  Ring round with flame the SavageHorde, (th%rei^ necessary or convenient for the  ' Company's business, or for developing  I or utilising any of the Company's prop-  ! erty, and to explore,   work, and develop  i the same;  i  | (e) To acquire, erect, construct, or  j hire and maintain and work any build-  i ings, plant, engines, machinery, fixture,  I mills, roads, railways, tramways, canals,  ���      .      . I creeks, shafts, ditches,  or other works  The blessings wrought by fire and steel, j whicn may be necessary or advisable for  j the purposes of the Company, whether  i on land of the Company or not;  j (t) To undertake and carry into effect  I all such financial, commercial, trading,  I or other operations or businesses in con-  I nection with the objects of the Company,  | as the Company may think fit;  ! .(g) To acquire any inventions capable  ! of being used for any purpose connected  \ with any of the. businesses or operations  l'of'the Company, or the license or right  ; to use the same, and to acquire or cause  j to be applied for and obtained, any let-  | ters patent or concessions . or privileges  i of an analagous character, whether  j British or foreign, in respect of any such  inventions, and to grant and issue li-  i censes for the nee of any such invention  I or inventions, upon such terms and con-  ] ditions as may be considered expedient;  I (h) To amalgamate with any other  ; company having objects altogether or in  ' part similar to the objects of this Company, or to acquire and undertake the  ' whole or any part of the business, prop-  j erties, and liabilities of any person or  ��� company carrying on any business which  i this com pan j' is authorized to carry on,  ! or possessed of property suitable for the  j purposes of this Company;  |     (i)    To pay for any  property  or busi-  | ness purchased or otherwise acquired in  j shares (to be treated as either wholly or  i partly  paid   up),  or debentures or de-  | benture stock of  the Company,  or in  J money, or partly in shares or debentures  or debenture stock, and partly in money ;  and, with the like sanction,  to accept in  payment for any part or for the whole of  the property of the Company sold  or  otherwise disposed of,  shares, bonds, or  debentures Of  any   other   company or  companies;  (j) To improve, manage, develop, let  or sell, or otherwise dispose of, charge  or deal with, in any manner whatsoever,  all or any part or parts of the property  of the Company, or any rights or easements in or over the same;  (k) To acquire by original subscription or otherwise, and to hold and sell,  or otherwise dispose of, bhares, stock,  debentures or debenture stock, or any  iriterest^'Th^Tevefrues or profits of any  company, corporation, partnership or  person carrying on any business capable  of being conducted so as directly or indirectly to benefit this Company, and,  upon any return of capital, distribution  of assets, or division of profits, to distribute such shares, stock, debentures,  or debenture stock, among the members  of this Company in kind ;  (1) To borrow or raise money for the  purposes of the Company, and to execute and issue bonds or debenture^ or  debenture stock, to bearer or otherwise,  mortgages and other instruments for securing the repayment thereof, or for any  other purpose, with or without charge  upon all or any of the property of the  Company or its uncalled capital, and upon such terms as to priority or otherwise,  as the Company shall think fit;  (m) To establish or promote, or concur in establishing or promoting, any  other company whose object shall include the acquisition and taking over of  all or any part of the property, assets or  liabilities of this Company, or shall be  in any manner calculated to enhance,  either directly orindirectly, the interests  of the Company, and to acquire and hold  shares, stock or securities of, or guarantee the payment of any securities issued  by, or any other obligations of any such  com pan j';  (n)   To lend, invest, and deal with the  moneys of the Company not immediate  ly required upon such securities, or without security,  and in   such   manner as  from time to time  may be determined;  (o) To make, accept, indorse and execute promissory notes, bills of exchange,  and other negotiable instruments;  (p) To apply for, obtain, accept,  adopt, and carry into effect, any Acts of  Parliament, provisional orders, concessions, contracts, grants, decrees, powers  or privileges which may be deemed  necessary or desirable for facilitating the  objects, or any of the objects, of the  Company;  (q) To procure the Company to be  legistered, or incorporated, or otherwise  domiciled, represented, or recognized in  British Columbia, or in any other place  where it may be necessary or expedient  so to do;  (r) To hold in the names of others  any property which the Company is  authorized to acquire, and to carry on or  do any of the businesses and acts and  things aforesaid, either as principal or  agent, and either by the agency of or as  agents or trustees for others ;  fs) To pay all expenses of an incident  to the formation of the Company, and to  remunerate and make donations (by  cash or other assets or by the allotment  of fully or partly paid shares, or in any  other manner) to any person or persons  for services rendered^ or to be. rendered,  in introducing any property or business  to the Company, or in placing, or assisting to place, any shares, debentures, or  other securities of the Company, or for  any other reason which the Company  may think proper;  (t)   To execute and  do generally all  T-. , ���   r��, r such other things as the  Company mav  .Department   Of    I HE    LEDGE.   atany  time consider conducive  to the  carrving out or attainment of the above  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Monitor Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan  Mining Division  of West  Kootenai'  District.    Where located:   South  of Three Forks townsite.  TAKE NOTICE that I. Herbert  T. Twigg. as  I    agent for George A. Petty. F.  M. Cert. No.  1.1930, Eleanor J. Kendall, F. M. Cert. No. 1JJ87A,  and .Alfred R. Fingland. F. M. Cert. Xo. 13*71.  intend,     sixty    days   from    the   date    hereof  to apply to the Milling Recorder for u certificate  of  improvements,  for  the   purpose,  of obtain  ing Crown a arrant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 n.ust be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dared this nth day of Januarv. v.tOO.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Sundown  Fraction Mineral  Claim.  !^N^|>i|Nj  ANDSOO LINE.  No. 171.  ���PHIS IS TO CERTIFY that "The Bo-  -*��� sun Mines, Limited," is authorised  and licensed to carry on business within  the Province of British Columbia, and to  carry out or effect all or any of the objects hereinafter set forth to which the  legislative authority of the Legislature  of British Columbia extends.  The head office of the Company is situate at No. 10, Fenchurch Avenue, London, England.  The amount of the capital of the Company is ��50,000, divided into 50,000  shares of ��1 each.  The head office of the Company in this  Province is situate at New Denver, and  William Henry Sandiford, whose address is New .Denver aforesaid, is the  attorney for the Company.  The objects for which the Company  has been established are:  (a) To purchase or otherwise acquire  and work any lands, mines, mining or  mineral claims, mining righls, grants,  concessions, leases, easements, or interests in lands, waters, mines, minerals,  mining or mineral claims, mining rights  and other hereditaments in British Columbia or elsewhere, and any property,  real or personal, movable or immovable,  for purposes incidental thereto, or to any  other objects of the Company;  (b) To prospect and search for, get,  win, work and raise, either within the  area aforesaid, or elsewhere, copper and  other ores, metals, minerals or substances, and to carry on the business of  miners, millers, smelters, and workers  of any piocesses in the production, reduction, and making merchantable, of  ores, minerals, metals, metallic products,  suppliers of water, merchants and manufacturers and workers of any minerals,  metals, articles and things used in or hi  connection with mining, milling, smelting, and other processes aforesaid, or  any of them;  (c) To search for mines and minerals,  and to acquire and grant licenses and  other rights and privileges for the purposes oi, or in respect of, the search for  or winning and getting of copper or  other ores, metals,, or minerals:  Situated in the Slocan City Mining Division of  West Kootenay District. Where located:  On the north side of Lemon Greek, opposite  I he mouth of Summit creek.  TAKE NOTICE that I. Dan Hanlon. acting as  1 an agent for .I. D. Wallace F M.C. Xo.  Bi'SOrsA: W. B. Willcox. F. M.C. No. BiOiWS: H.  J. Robertson, F. M.C.Xo. BUJtt-l: William Col|i-  nian. F. M. C. Xo. i'S^WA; .lohn Roland Stitt, F.  M.C. Xo. BMiiW, a nd Herbert Hunting, F. M.C.  Xo. M-'M. intend, sixty davs from'the date  hereof, to apply to' the " Mining Recorder  for'a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant, of the above  claim  And further take notice that  action under section .'i7 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 1Mb day of December. I8!��t.  DAX HANLON.  Between  ATLANTIC Al PACIFIC  The direct route from  KootenayCountry  to all points East and West.      ''  United Umpire Mineral  Claim.  Situate in the, Slocan Citv  Mining  Division, of  West   Kootenay   District.     Where  located:  On the north side of Ten Mile Creek about  seven miles from.Slocan lake  TAKE NOTICE That I, R.  W. Gordon. F. M.  1    C.  Xo. HlftWA,  acting   for mvself and   as  agent, for H. W. Kent, F.M.C. No..oiiiiSO. Thomas  Dimn.'F. M. O. No. 2010(1. J. H.   Ward.  F. -M. C,  No 1!ii:i7a, and Geo.  Williamson. F. M. C. No.  WQ-2'Mi, intend, sixty days from the date hereof  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improveu.ents.  Dated this 2flth dav ot October, 18S.(>.  I-'-** ' R. W.GORDON.  .  First-Class Sleepers on all trains rrom  Revelstoke and Kootenay Ldg.  Tourist Cars pass Medicine Hat daily  for St, Paul; Sundays and Wednesdays for Toronto; Fridays  for Montreal and Boston.  Same cars pass Revelstoke one day  earlier.  CONNECTIONS  Revelstoke and main line points.  P:.'i:>k Dly: lv ���Denver C. Siding���ar: Daily 1.5:30k  8:l/ik ex. Sun: lv X.Denver Ldg: ar ex. Suit.15:40k  H'OSSLANJ), NKKSOX CHOW'S  NEST   IHtANCII   AND  HOCXDAKy COUNTRY.  (1.50k ex. Sun: lv N.Denver Lde: ar ex.Sun 13.30k  TO AND FKO.M SANDON  Hk dly I v..... .Denver C. Sdg....  ar dly 8.55k  KJ 30k ex Sun lv. .X Denver Ldg.ar ex Sun 9.50k  Ascertain rates and  full  information   by addressing nearest local agent or���  G. B. GARRETT, Agent New Denver.  W. F. Anderson, Trav. Pass. Agt., Nelson,  E. J. Coyle, A. G.-P. Agt., Vancouver.  SYSTEM.  Summit .Mineral Claim   Lot-1374.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.    Where located:  About  half mile southeast of Sandon. adjoining the  Richmond  and   Hidden   Treasure  mineral  claims,  rpAKE NOTICE That I. Robert E. Palmer, as  1    agent for Eleanor Tmax O'Neil, F\ M. O. No.  50274: George Gooderham, F. M. C. No. B12791,  and the War Eagle Con. Mining &.Development  Co. Ltd, F. M. C. No. B13357. intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Miniiig Re  corder for a Certificate of Improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice  that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 16th day of November, 1809.  11-10 R. E. PALMER  Victor Mineral Claim.  years.  HE art of printing- has  made startling advancement in recent  The old faces are  passing away; the old style  of razzle-dazzle printing is  no longer popular. Everything today must be clean-  cut, well-balanced, and at the  same time sufficiently ornamental  to  "catch   the eve."  HAT'S the kind of work  that we do in the Job  )artment of The Ledge.  Situate.in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.    Where   located:   On  the South Fork of Carpenter creek, about a  mile from Sandon   opposite mouth of Noble  Five Gulch, a relocation of theSt. Paul No. 2.  rPAKE NOTICE That I. James Marshall, free  1    miner's certificate Nc. 19004A. intend, sixty  days from    the date   hereof   to  apply  to the  Mining    Recorder    for   a  certificate   of    improvements for the purpose of obtaining- a Crown  grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 7th day of December, IS!).')  12-14  JAMES MARSHALL.  Promestoni    Mineral    Claim.  NELSON & FORT SHEPPARD CO.  RED MOUNTAIN RY CO.  The all rail and direct route.  between   the Kootenay  ..District and..  All British Columbia Pouts  Pacific Coast Points  Puget .Sound Points  Eastern Canada and che  United States.  Connects at Spokane with  GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY  NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILWAY  O. R. R. & NAVIGATION CO.  Leaves Nelson 9:10 a. m.  Situate in the Arrow Lake Mining Division of  West Koote.iay District. Where located:  On Mineral Creek, 3A miles from Cariboo  Creek.  TAKE NOTICE That I. X. F. Townsend, acting asagent for John H. McDowell. F. M. C.  B.18518; Pat Cumingham, F.M.C. 348U7A.. James  Brady. F. M. C. KU57 Nelson Deniers. F. M. C.  10797 A, and Frank H. Bourne, F. M. C.  10825a. intend sixty days from the date hereof,  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate  of Improvements, for'the purpose of obtaining  a Crown Grant of the above claim,  And further take notice that action under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such Certificate of Improvements. s  Dated this 25th day of August. A. D. 1809.  30-11 N. F. TOWNSEND.  Adirondack Mineral  Claim.  Situate in the Sl,,��can ' Mining Division of West  Kooteray District. Where located: South of  St. John. Idaho Basin.  'PAKE NOTICE. That I Herbert T. Twigg.  I agent for William Hunter. F. M. C. Xo.  32981 A: Harrv Lowe F. M. C. No. i:l:iii7.' Walter  Sl'urrav. F. M. C. 13988. and Robert Sloan. F. M.  C. No. 13989, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, io apply to the Alining Recorder for a  Certificate of Improvements, ior the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this ^3d day of November 1S99.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Fairy, Chetopa    and    Opatunka Mineral  Claims.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Ko .tonay district. Whe e located: Adjoining the Dem jcrat. Twin Lakes Basin.  TAKE NOTICE. That I. Herbert. T Twigg,  agent for John G. Steel, free miner's certificate No. 7:)4, intend, 60 days from the date hereof  to apply to the Mining Recorder for Certificates  of Improvements, lor the purpose of obtaining ���''  Crown Grant of ea -h of the above, claims.  And fr.rtlicr take notice that action, under section 37. must be. commenced before the issuance  of such Certificates ot Improvements.  Dated this 23d dav of November, mm  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Kgypt Mineral Claim.  Maps furnished, Tickets sold and information  given by local and connecting line Ticket agents  H. A. JACKSON, G. P. & T. A.  Snokane, Wash  KOOTENAY     RAILWAY  & NAVIGATION CO.  Operating Kaslo & Slocan'Railway,  International  Navigation '&  Trading  Company,  KASLO & SLOCAN RAILWAY.  Schedule of Time. Pacific Standard  ���Time-  Passenger train for Sandon and  way stations leaves Kaslo at S:00 a-  m. "daily, returning, leaves Sandon  at 1:15 "p.- ni.. arriving at aslo at.  3:55 p. in.  thousani  nine.  [r..s.j  Ketristra:  1   eiurlit   hundred    and  one  ninetv-  S. Y. WOOTTOX.  of Joint Stock Companies.  Up-to-date   in    everything, j objects."^ any of them.  j     Given   under  my  hand   and  .seal  of  We please Olir CUStomerS, and (office at Yictoria, " Province   of  British  1 Columbia, this 2^1 day of December  as a result we never lose one  until they die. As to prices,  we can give you the lowest,  We print any tiling in the  commercial line. Mail orders  attended to promptly.  Situate in tin- SI .can Mb ing UivNion of West  Kootenay District. Where located: East of  Mountain Chief Carpenter Cieck.  TAKE XOTK'i: That I. George If. Aylanl.  agent for .1 hn A. Finch, Free Miners'Certificate Xo. l'17'o A. intend, sixty (lays from the  date hereof, to .t'>o!y t-o the Mining Ifecorder for  a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of  ohtaining a Crown  Giant of tin- above claim.  .And further tn'v ml ice that act'on under sec..'17  must. he. commenced he fore the issuance of such  Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this'Oih dav of Xoveniber, 1HW.  30-11 (J. II. AVLARD.  Hfelx'r    Fraction    Mineral    Claim.  CERTIFICATEJIMPROVEMENTS  Tliat  Kitchener  Hinpriil   riaim.  Situate    in    the     Slocnn     Mniiig    Division   i.f  W:---t    Kootenay   District.      Where   located:  I in the SoUfh Fork of Carpenter ("reck, about  three miles up from Cody. 11 C  'PAKE   XoTlCF.   That   I.  E.  M.   Quirk,   free  1     miner'?,  cartificate. \o. I'lifo). intend, ftuda/s  from  the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certiiicate of improvements for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant, of the  above claim.  And further take notice  that action under sec-  ion ."7 must be comim-m-ed  before  the issuance  of such certificate of iiuproveni,-iit.��  Dated this lath day of .Iu:iuai\.  ;;i.i. i-,.s  Situaie in the Slocan Mining Division .if West  Kootenay District, where located: South  of and joining the "Rabbit I'aw1' .Mineral  Claim, near Sandon.  rjPAKE XOTK'K. Thai 1. A. S. Fanvell, acting  A    as.-tgent  f' r the Star  Mining and  Milling  Co..  I.id  Dial.'ty.   Free   Miner's Certificate Xo.  l.V.ils !>. intend, sixty davs  from the date hereof.  to apply to the Mim'ng Recorder for a Certiiicate  of Jm:,roveineiits. for the  purpose of obtaining a  Crown Grant ���<( the above claim  And further take, notice ihat action, unrler sr-c-  tiou ;i7. miHt be  c iinmeneed   before the issuance  of such Ceiiiiicate of Improvements.  this :  ddav  i-i-H-  Mt.ll  if November, is  A. S.   FAKWKDL  Si.   Clair  Mineral  Claim.  . S  fi- in  Koiirenuy  Mowich Slid  r|V\KE Xo'l'lC  1     atreiit lor .la  oca >��� Mini in; Division of West  li-tricf. Where       located:  ���. ('���; rpeiit'T creek.  :   That   I.   Herbert    T.   i'wigi.-.  ���I. Moran.   Free  Miner's Certi  ficate Xo. !���"'.�� 1. and Pharle- W. C rc-iilee.  F. M. C. No. i;::i7j. intend, si.\;y days from the  date hereof, io ani'lv t������' tin- Miii'imr Recorder for  a certilic.te o| iuipr ���veiuent.'-. for the purpose of  obtainim;  a   crown   grant o| the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  'M must be commenced before the issuance of such  ceiliticate of iniprovenicnis.  Dated Ibis'.Mi dav of  December. )su'.i.  MF.KHEHT T. TUiul'l.  INTERNATIONAL    NAVIGATION  & TRADING CO.,   operating on  Kootenay Lake and River.  S.  S.  INTERNATIONAL.  Leaves Kaslo for Nelson at 6:00 a.  m., daily except Sunday. Returning-  leaves Nelson at 4:30 p. ni., calling1  at Balfour, Pilot Bay, Ainsworth and  all way points.  Connections with S. F. & N. train  to and from Spokane at Five Mile  Point; also with str. Alberta to and  from Bonner's Ferry, Idaho.  S.  S. ALBERTA.  Leaves Nelson for Bonner's Ferry  Tuesday and Saturdays at 7 a. m.,  meeting steamer International from  Kaslo at Pilot Bay. Returning,  leaves Bonner's Ferry at 8 a. m,  Wednesdays and Sundays.  LARDO-DUNCAN DIVISION.  Steamer International leaves Kaslo  for Lardo and Argenta at 8:4o p. m.  Wednesdays and Fridays. Steamer  Alberta leaves Kaslo for Lardo and  Argenta at 8 p.m. Sundays.  Steamers call at principal landings  in both directions, and at other points  when signalled.  Tickets sold to all points i i Ca ada  and the United Statas. To ascertain  rates and full information,   address���  Robert Irving, Manager.  S. Campbell, Kaslo, B. C.  Freight and Ticket Agt.,   Sandon.  ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP TICKETS.  Po and from European  points via Canadian  and American lines.     Apply   for sailing dates  rates, tickets and  full  information  to any C.  Ry agent or���  G. H. GARRETT.  C. I'. R. Agent. Xew Denver.  W. I'. F. Cummiiigs. G. S. S. Agt.. Winnipe  Fellow Pilgrims  If you receive a copy of Tiik Lkihik without  being a .subscriber, do not In: alarmed. It will  not cost you anything. After as ay ing it. if you  care to dig up. yon can Live, no oll'eu.-e by .sending in your collateral. The annual assessment  is sj, but if you are limine ia I ly in the sump send  in si and for six months you will have all the  blessings that this  paper  can bestow upon you.  The. circulation i.- limited   U e  million, so do  not dally too lung willi procra.-iination.  R. T. l.uWERV. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 18,  1900.  Seventh Year  SONG   OF   THE   SWORD.  Weary ,and'wounded,and worn, wounded and ready to die,  A soldier they left.all alone and forlorn,  on the field of battle, to die.  The dead and the dying-, alone would  their presence and pity afford,  Whilst, with a sad heart and terrible  tone he sang the Song- of the  Sword:  though a thousand  "Fight, light, fight!  fathers die!  Fight, light, light! though  a thousand  children erv!  Fight, light,  figlit!  while the mothers  and wives lament! ,  And fight, .light, fight! while millions of  money are spent.  "Fight, fight, fight! should the cause be  foul or fair,  Though all that's gained is an empty  name and a tax too great to bear;  An empty name and a  paltry fame and  thousands lying dead;  Whilst every   glorious    victory   must  raise the price of bread.  "War, war, war! fire and famine and  sword;  Desolate fields and desolate towns and | Empire,  thousands scattered abroad,  With never a home, and  never a shed,  whilst kingdoms perish and fall;  And the. hundreds of thousands are lying dead���and all for nothing at  think, a tax upon real estate, that is  land and buildings, but it is a tax upon  site value alone. It is not a revolution  or rebellion, or a war between nations  or classes. It is not even a war by a  domestic nation in behalf of a foreign  class. It is the most natural kind of  evolution. It is a transcendant conservatism. It is not confiscation, nor is  there about it the tincture of what the  superficial critic pictures to his own  mind as confiscation. It is rather a respecter and promoter, not only of the  right of the people, the masses, the nine  out of every ten,but of every tenth man  as well. ���  Sr.OCAN-KILO     DKVKLOP3IEST     CO.  rhc Si/.c of South Africa.  all! ���  "War, war, war! musket, and powder,  and ball���  Ah, what do we fight so for?   Ah! why  have we battle at all?  Tis Justice must be done, they say���  the nation's honor to keep;  Alas, that Justice should be so dear and  human life so cheap!  "War, war, war! misery, and murder,  and crime  Are all the blessings I've seen in thee,  from my'.youth; to the present  time.  Misery, murder and crime���crime, misery, murder and woe!  Ah! would that I had known in my  younger days the horrors which  now I know!"  Weary,and wounded and worn���wounded and readv to die,  A soldier they left,all alone and forlorn,  on the field of battle to die.  The dead and the dying alone would  their presence and pity afford,  And thus, with a sad and terrible tone,  he sang the Song of the Sword!  FACTS   ABOUT    ZINC.  If you were to take the United States,  from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and  from the northern to the southern boundary lines, and increase the area threefold on the continent of Africa, you  would still have enough land for the  republic of France, the entire German  all of Austria-Hungary, the  kingdom of Italy, all that is left of  Spain, and, of course,a few odd corners,  in which the British Islands could be  stored without any difficulty. This  may give some idea of the enormous  extent of that wonderful country.  Within the memory of this present generation it was practically unknown to  the world Now we find it so full of  riches and possibilities that the great  nations of Europe are each year sacrificing thousands of lives that they may  extend their boundary lines. Five  thousand miles is the length of this  great continent, and at its widest part  it is 4,600 miles. It is the only one of  the continents which lies equally to the  north and south of the equator.  Concerning Load Values.  Comparatively few people have any  idea of the growing importance of zinc  in the industrial arts and in general  manufacture. Everybody, of course, is  familiar with the employment of zinc  for stove mats and in the form of galvanized iron, but tha many new uses to  which this metal has been put have escaped general attention. It is a fact,  however, that not one other metal can  be named the consumption of which has  increased so rapidly and persistently,  and which has entered into such a multiplicity of industrial employments as  zinc has within the decade now nearing  its close.  To mention a few of the more important new uses of zinc, and to show the  extent to which its consumption has increased:���In 1890 3,700 electric engines  and motors consumed zinc in the manufacture of electricity; in 1898 141,600 engines consumed zinc.   In 1890 250,000  pounds of zinc was used for monumental  and statuary work  in cemeteries;   in  1898 fourteen times this amount was  used for the same purpose.   In 1895 the  consumption    of zinc for   ornamental  fronts for buildings in  cities had increased to twenty times  the   amount  consumed for that purpose in 1S90, and  very recently it has come into popular  use for fresco walls and fretted work in  domes.   Zinc is the coming material for  ceilings   and  interior   wall  covering,  pressed into strips the thickness of stout  paper, colored or stamped with suitable  designs and cemented together at the  edges in invisible seams.   These new  wall coverings will endure for a generation, for the metal will not corrode or  oxidize, and can be cleaned in a simple  and inexpensive way.  Zinc is used in the manufacture of  German silver, brass, babbit metal, galvanized iron roofing (which has an endurance over six times greater than  iron), in bath tubs, cisterns, wash tubs,  washing boilers, sinks, cooking utensils of nearly all descriptions, telegraph  wire, fence wire; for steam, water, and  gas pipes, in refrigerators, refrigerator  cars (into the construction of which zinc  enters as a prime factor, and the car  builders being among the largest consumers of the same); zinc forms the material for furnaces, mantels, toys, cartridges, locks, and of the new and durable button of all colors and designs; it  is used in the manufacture of paints,  refining of metals, cyaniding of gold,  and in the coating of fence and telegraph wires.  -The new method for settling for lead  values in ores, which took effect last  week in all the syndicate smelters���and  necessarily in those outside���is an important gain to the miner, remarks the  Denver News. Instead of following the  present brokers' quotation, whick is  purely arbitrary, the settlement each  week will represent the average cash  quotation of the week preceding. Had  this been hitherto in force, the week's  settlements would allow $4.72}�� per 100  pounds, and not $4.45, the arbitrary  quotation. The difference would, reach  27J per 100 pounds, or $5.50 per ton.  The brokers' quotation is not at all  consistent with the present condition of  the market for lead.  The   following very encouraging  announcement recently appeared in  several   of the Eastern  newspapers:  "The Ontario Government has just  issued a charter to the   'Slocan  Kilo  Development Company,   which owns  20 valuable claims in the  Kootenay  district.    The company is capitalized  at $7,000,000, and the  venture is regarded as one of the largest mining  undertakings of the year.     In addition to its claims';in   Kootenay the  company proposes to operate  in Ontario.    The provisional  directors are  Senator Miller, New York,   and Mes-  sers, James McNaught and A.   Mc-  Kinney,   New  York;   H,    Melville  Boston; and Charles McGee, Ottawa  Arrangements have been perfected  for the erection of a  100-stamp mill,  in the Slocan, and as the men at the  back of the project are all well-known  capitalists, the undertaking promises  to be crowned with success."    This  is the company known as the Warner-  Miller syndicate, which recently has  made   such   extensive  purchases of  mining property in the Slocan.  New Inventions.  Below is a list of new inventions le-  cently patented by various inventors,  through the agency of Messrs Marion  & Marion, New York Life building,  Montreal:  Canada���N. E. Lister, Westfield Centre, N.B., device for surfacing or grading railway tracks; Israel Page, Point  St. Charles, Montreal, window support;  Samuel Vassot, Joliette, grain grinders;  Joshua Fletcher, Vancouver, stump  puller. United States���C. A. R. Des-  jardins, St.Andre de Kamouraska,horse  powers; W. S. Fisher,Fredericton,stand  for use in polishing boots; E. Parent,  Montreal, shoes; N. E. Marchand, Montreal, kodak.  SITUATION    WANTED.  The winter is half grown, but its mild  manner has had no effect upon Williams. He still holds the fort with a  stock of fruit and confectionery that  cannot be beaten in the Slocan.  A thoroughly competent assayer  seeks a position. Has a Government  Certificate. Address, W. G. Watson,  Vancouver, B. C.  Established in Nelson 1890.  Most complete  and up-to-date stock  of Jewelry in the  Kootenays.  Watch repairing a specialty  As we only employ first-class  jewelers, all work guaranteed.  Mail orders receive our prompt  attention.  The Kootenay Jeweler,  NELSON, B. 0.  .Fortune -Pov the Inventor.  "Yes, he's a real Englishman, and so  awfully swell. Besides that he's so  aesthetic. You never met a finer or  more exquisitely sensitive nature than  his."  "What's he doing over here?"  "Buying armv mules."  Nesbitt always han in stock choice  lines of fruit, cigars, tobaccos, and con-  fectionerv.  If yoa want good, clean  Groceries��� Staple and  Fancy ��� you can't do  better than to buy them  AT HOBEN'S  Mail orders.  New Denver, B. C.  There is a fortune awaiting the inventor who can discover a successful  method for the preservation of eggs.  The long and severe winters render it  absolutely essential to preserve eggs, if  they are to be had during the season.  The principle involved in preserving  eggs is the preservation of the mucil-  agenous coating,which naturally covers  the shell, and which prevents the en"  trance of the germ of decomposition.  When this coating is removed, the egg-  begins to become "stale," and the process of decay naturally begins. The use  of lime and salt, as means of preservation, never entirely successful, does not  preserve the protecting covering on the  shell, and no process can be successful  unless it does this.   Experiments have  shown that water glass  comes   more  nearly being a perfect preservative than  anything that has hitherto been employed.   There is always danger of the  bursting of the shell of an egg that is  thus preserved when in hot water, but  this disadvantage may be overcome by  carefully piercing it with a needle. The  question will naturally arise, if the preservation of the surface of the shell in  its natural condition is all that is necessary to preserve the egg, why could it  not be coated with some preparation  that would  answer  the  purpose?   It  could be.   Vaseline will preserve it and  might be used on a small scale, but it  would require too much time, and consequently expense, to use this means  extensively.   It should be within  the  power of some   inventor   to  discover  some simple and cheap method of preserving eggs, and thereby not only gain  a fortune, but also bestow an inestimable benefit upon the human race by  placing within the reach of all a necessary article of food.  QUEEN'S HOTEL  Heated with   Hot Air and  Lighted by Electricity  Large, comfortable bedrooms and first-class dining room.        Sample rooms  for commercial men RATES, $2 PER DAY  MRS. E. C. CLARKE, Prop., Late of the Royal Hotel Calgary.  Baker St., Nelson, B. C.  NELSON  Carrv a complete stock of  IP TJ R NI T TJ 3R, EZ  and solicit orders from any part of the province.     Write for prices.  Wage Scale In Rossland.  Pay the printer and be honored.  The schedule of wages in force in the  Rossland camp last year was as follows:  Machine miners, $3.50; in shafts, $4 to  $4.50; shovelers and car men, $2.50; tim-  bermen, $3, $3.50 and $4; mechanics  (machinists) $3.50 to $4; engineers, $3.-  50 and S3 for underground eight hour  work. The present shift is eight hours  for all underground work. Surface  work is ten hours, including time for  dinner.  The curb-stones of hell  delinquent subscribers.  are lined with  DISSOLUTION   NOTICE.  NOTICE is hereby given that we, the undersigned, formerly carrying on business as  Wholesale and Reta'il Butchers in the Town of  Slocan City. Province of British Columbia.under  the tirm name of A. York & Co., have this day by  mutual consent, dissolved the said partnership.  The said business will be continued by tha undersigned Archibald York, who will pay all liabilities of said firm, and to whom all accounts  due the said Arm are payable.  Dated at Slocan City, B.C., this 1st day of January, 1900.  A. YORK,  J. W. CLARKE.  Witness:  H.J.ROBERTSON.  California  Wine C<x,   NELSON, B.C.  Wholesale  Dealers in_^  Choice Wines  and Fragrant  Cigars.  Write for Prices.  Our Stock is the Largest in Kootenay  that waken    everything: but  The Dead.  At E. M. BRINDLE'S, New Denver.  Mcpherson & croft,  Hauling and Packing to Mines,  and general local business.  WOOD    AND    COAL    FOR     SAL  New Denver, li. C.  The 8-hour  Law  WHAT   IS    THE    SINGLE   TAX?  The law and custom of the day is to  tax   three things,  personal   property,  buildings and  land  values.   There is  today a strong tendency toward the exemption of persona] property on account  of its mercurial  character, leaving all  taxes to rest on  two  things, buildings  and land values.    There is also today a  rapidly growing  sentiment in favor of  the exemption of buildings (immovable  personal property) and the taxing not  three things nor two  things, but one  thing only, namely, land values.    This  is the single tax���natural taxation, aud  it is all there is of it.  It is not a tax upon land areas, but  upon land values, site values, the largest areas having often the smallest values.    It is not, as  many  thoughtlessly [  Has been on shift in the  Slocan for many weeks,  but it has not injured the  quality of the beverages  in the Ivanhoe at Sandon. Nearly everything is new around this  old-time tavern except  the whiskey and the  landlord.  FRED J. SQUIRE  Nelson. B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  OUR CORSET DEPARTMENT IS   UP-TO-DATE  IN  ALL STYLES   AND  PRICES.  || Fred. Irvine & Co.,  NELSON, B. CI  MILLINERY���ALL THE  LATEST    STYLES    AT  LOWEST PRICES.  Full Line of Suitings and  Trouserings aWavs on hand.  Why send East for your Dry Goods when you can purchase from us and have them by next day's mail, at  prices AS LOW, IF NOT LOWER, than the Departmental Stores of the East? We have one of the  largest stocks in all departments in the West���Buttons, Sheetings, Linens, Dress Goods, Silks; White-  wear, Corsets, Gloves,   Ready-made Shirts,   Costumes,   Carpets,   Floor   Oilcloths, Linoleums, Curtains,  Window Shades, Etc.       Write for Samples and Our Prices.  Dick Orando,  for further information.  J. E. Angrignon  The Leading  Hairdresser  Bosun Block, New Denver, B.  DR. MILLOY,  T  ROSSLAND.  PHOTOGRAPHERS  LOOK!  Cabinet Solio, ��1.40, ko prepaid  Film Cartridges, 31x3}. .75c.  Other Supplies, same'ratcs.  O. STRATHEARN,  Kaslo, B. C.  SOLE AGENTS FOR  BUTTERICK PATERNS,  THE ONLY RELIABLE.  Fred. Irvine & Co.,  NELSON, B. C.  t��*'  MEN'S   FURNISHINGS  A SPECIALTY.  T^avele^s  Will find the  Arlington Hotel  a pleasant place to stop nt when in  Slocan City.  GETHING 4 HENDERSON. Proprietors.  * WAOOB BROS S  PHOTOGRAPHERS #  VANCOUVER ��nd NELSON,  B.C.  E B. Dunlop  BARBER AND HAIRDRESSER.  Children's Hair Cutting a Specially.  SLOCAN   CITY, - - B. C.  ocan  THE GATEWAY CITY AND DISTRIBUTING  POINT FOR THE BOUNDARY COUNTRY.  Grand opportunity for investments in Real  Estate, Fruit and Vegetable Farms, etc.  For information address-  J. A, SMITH.  Furnishes accommodations  to the traveling- public  equal to any on Sloe in  Lake. Comfortable beds  and tasty meals. The best  brands of liquors and  cigars on the market.  TH0S. LAKE, Prop.  Brewers of Fine Lager Beer and Porter���the best in the land.    Correspond-  solicited.   Address���  R. REISTERER & CO., Nelson, B.C. 

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