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The Ledge Jan 25, 1900

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Array Volume VIL   No   17.  NEW DENVER, B. C, JANUARY 25, 1900.  Price, ��2.00 Year-  LIVELY CHANGES  1  been led to believe by the coast agent of  the mine'managers, who told them that  the trouble had been settled. When  Silverton was reached the men had decided that they had been deceived and  refused to iro any  farther.     Thev  took  .no way to be compared with Rossland's  figures, as the output from Ymir is  larg-ely composed of bullion Iroin the  milling- properties. Of these the Ymir  mine ranks first, with its production  since the first of April  last  of nearly  The   labor   situation   has   undergone  some decidedly interesting changes this  week���changes that, while momentarily  putting a new  color upon things, have  brought the trouble nearer to a basis of  settlement  than  may at first sight be  apparent.   The importation  of scab labor, inexperienced and illiterate, by the  Payne mine, is indicative that that company and its allies   have determined to  work at all hazards and  will not stop at  anything to accomplish  their  purpose.  The Union miners have made two unsuccessful attempts to persuade the imported Swedes, by reasoning with them,  to quit work.   The result of one of these  gatherings has been  the arrest of  Secretary Hagler, of the Sandon Union, for  participating   in   an  "unlawful  assemblage."   Manager Hand, of the Payne,  swore to the complaint against Hagler,  and the assemblage which is alleged to  have been  unlawful  took place on the  Payne property,  when  the Union men  endeavored to have a  conference   with  the imported men.  The last visit of the Union men to the  (     Payne was   on   Thursday   last,   when  twenty of them  tramped up   the hill.  They were met at the mine by Justice  Lilly, who had been summoned by telephone and made a "flying   trip" from  the ore house to the mine over the aerial  tram.   He met   the men   in  company  with three or four foreigners,  whom, by  the way,  the judge   had   sworn   in as  deputies, and before the Union men had  a chance to make known  their mission,  .   the riot act was read to  them and they  quietly walked down the hill.  What the outcome will be remains to  be seen. The Union men have accepted  their temporary check philosophically.  They are saying nothing but will take  legal steps to get what they deem to be  justice. They will deal direct with those  in authority at Victoria.  The Alien Act will be brought into  force against the Payne company. It is  doubtful, however, if this law can be  made to reach them. Section 1 of "An  Act to restrict the importation and employment of Aliens" reads as follows :  "From and after the passing of this  Act it shall be unlawful for any person,  company, partnership or corporation, in  any manner to prepay the transportation, or in any way to assist or encourage the importation or immigration of  any alien or foreigner into Canada, under  contract or agreement, parole or special,  express or implied, made previous to the  importation or immigration of such alien  or foreigner, to perform labor or service  of any kind in Canada."  Upon the face of it, the law is clear  and sufficient, but it has been stated  that the government holds that it must  be proved that an actual contract shall  have existed between the employer and  the imported laborer before the latter  steps on Canadian soil; that advertisements inserted in foreign newspapers  by foreign employment agents or  agencies have no weight in law; that  the personal solicitation of employers,  even if the solicitation is made on foreign soil, does not involve a violation of  the law. In addition, Commissioner  Clute gave it as his opinion that the law  was only a retalatory measure and applied to aliens from the United States.  This may only be Mr. Chile's private  opinion, and, as he stated when here,  may not be upheld by a court of justice.  It is difficult to see how such a construction could hold good in the face of the  wording of the, Act.  There is another view of the question  that is of vital importance to the business men of the camp and the interests  of the community. The importation of  aliens, if successful, will be a curse that  the Slocan will ever suffer from. It  means much more than the reduction of  wages. It means the replacing of native born Canadians, men of family and  good citizens in the community, by foreigners of questionable reputation, ignorant and, in most cases, filthy. They  are a class of people that the community  will suffer seriously from. They are a  people that will make trouble wherever  they are. Supposing the mine managers  should succeed in getting in enough of  them to operate their properties, what  would be the result? If 2,000 foreigners  were brought in and put to work at $3 a  day it would  mean  the  saving of $1,000  a day to the mine  owners  and  a clean  loss of that amount to  the  community.  The   community's    interests   must   be  looked after by the  citizens  making up  the community.      Foreign  stockholders  do not care what  the loss   to the community is if they can add   that  loss to  their dividends.   It is a natural thing for  the managers to get men  for as little  money as possible.    It is  as natural for  the miners to get as much  as  they can.  The interests of the district are identical  with those of the miners.     Good wages  mean good  prices   in   all lines.     Poor  wages make necessary a reduction all  along the line.  The fact that foreign capital has been  invested liberally iu Slocan  properties,  entitles capital to due consideration and  encouragement.   The most liberal laws  compatible wfth   the   interests   of the  country should be  passed  to  this end.  But the interests of foreign stockholders  are secondary to the   interests   of the  country and its citizens.    The  mines of  the Slocan are rich  enough to  warrant  the payment of the  wages asked by the  men; the conditions of living demand it.  The mines paid  these wages  when the  freight and packing  charges on  the ore  were three times as great as at the present time.   Today the mines are in a position to ship more ore  than ever before.  Packing, freight and  treatment charges  are nothing as compared  with   those of  earlier days.    Hence it iB  only fair that  the high wage scale should prevail.    It,  on the other hand,, the price of living  has decreased (which   it has not to any  extent)   why do not  the   mining companies agree toconcede something on the  question of board?   If they cannot afford  their bag and baggage and quietly left I ��100,000 worth of bullion.   The output  foundations being  to do so, how can the men afford to accept the reduced wage scale? In all  fairness, the standard scale must De  maintained. Canada for Canadians  should be the slogan cry of all. Not  from a sentimental point of view, but in  a practical, determined sense. Foreigners are not desirable at any price.  The aim di' all should be to uphold the  wage scale  in  all   trades   and  callings.  But of equal, if  not  greater, importance  is the question of keeping  out   the foreign scabs.    The Union has  a hard nut  to crack.      How   the  difficulty   will  be  overcome is a question   that  time must  decide.    Perhaps  if  the question   were  dealt with in  a more  conciliatory spirit  an amicable  settlement may be reached  in half the time  that  was  spent in that  compromise fizzle of a month ago.    Bor.h  sides ought to be ready to  act with reason.    Both  have  made  mistakes,  both  have won something;   but neither is in a  position to dictate terms.   The managers  have brought in   perhaps 50  foreigners.  In all there are not  more  than   75 nonunion  miners employed  in   the camp.  To off-set this there are  fully 700 tjnion  men employed at  the  standard  scale of  wages.    Both  sides  claim   the  right to  dictate terms of settlement.     In all fairness,   both   have   to make   concessions,  as neither can claim this  right,     lithe  stubborn felly of the   past is   to be continued it will mean the   partial working  of the mines of the  camp,   whereas,   by  both sides conceding  a   very   little,   tho  mines  could  be  working, full   blast in  harmony.    Are there   not enough   men  on both sides who can   act  with   reason  long enough   to  arrive   at  such an amicable settlement?     Or   are   they   to act  like spoiled children to  the detriment of  themselves and the camp generally?  T HEY    W O UL I> X' T    S C A B.  the boat, only two out of 45 proceeding  to the mine. And thus the farce goes  on. Mr. Robertson returned to Nelson  Tuesday morning, "somewhat scarred  but still in the ring."  Forty of the imported men have signed a written statement setting forth the  conditions upon which thev were secured by A. M. Beattie, agent for the Enterprise mine. In a Vancouver paper  the following "advertisement was inserted:���  "Fifty Miners  at Once���50 practical  miners for the Slocan; S3.00 per day of j course   of  eight hours;  will  advance transportation to the mine.   Applv A. M. Beattie,  167 Cordova St."  In addition Mr. Beattie stated to the  men that there was no trouble here,but  all had been.settled and the mines were  short of men. The men were not practical miners, but included laborers,  seaman, longshoremen, etc. Their fare  was advanced by Beattie, who took  from each his personal note for the  amount of cash advanced.  The men were locked in the car at  Revelstoke, and it was transferred by  barge from Arrowhead to the Nakusp  branch It was the intention to keep  them prisoners until Enterprise Landing was reached, arrangements having  been made to run the car on to the  barge at Rosebery and take it down  the lake. When the.men climbed out  of the windows this knocked the scheme  out. At Silverton, Mr. Robertson, who  held the checks for the personal baggage of the men, refused to give them  up, but the boat officials allowed the  men to take their baggage off with  them.  Some of the men have already returned to the coast, while others have  scattered about the Kootenay looking  for work.  has been made, however, in the face of  great difficulties, which  have much retarded the rate of production.    Owing  to the labor strike, the mine itself was  practically shut down for some months.  These months, however, were utilized  in crushing the ore  from   the  great  dumps, the size of which can be estimated by the fact that it took about 25  men five months to work through them,  and that with every facility possible in  the way of shoots and tramways.   Another forty head of stamps are now in  installation   however,   the  nearly ready to receive  the  machinery.   The company  has also erected a sawmill to supply the  necessary lumber.   When the full number of eighty stamps are falling (which  will be the largest plant of its kind in  British  Columbia), the present output  of the mine will be doubled, and from  200 to 250 tons of ore treated per day.  SLOGAN GAMP NEWS 1  and hoped that this happy result of  their perseverance in a good cause would  be a stimulus to them to still greater  effort., The church building is neat and  comfortable, and possesses good acaustie  properties.  SLOGAN   MINERAL    FLOAT.  LOCAL    CHIT-CHAT.  MANSFIELD'S    BRAVE   WORDS.  SLOCAN    MINES.  interesting:   I nfoiiiiiiticn   as  to   Shippers  iiiul Shipments.  The following mines have furnished  the Mining Recorder at New Denver  with information regarding their ship,  mentsof ore last year, and the total  amounts since the several properties  commenced operations, in tons:���  Shipped    Total Ore  in 1S99.  American Boy....      04  Antoine       25  Bosun  600  California   Capella        3  Coin.        0  Emilv Edith......      60  Marion       19  Miller Creek   Silver Co      86  Mollie Hughes...     23  Monitor  200  Silver Bell       76  Noondav  600  Reco ..."  214  Ruth       15    .  Sapphire.       33  Slocan  Star  525  Vancouver : 400  Vulture  560  1800  331.  Shipments.  190 j  690 j  1000 i  50  3  20  75  19  50  400  500  JOS  600  11231  128  203S4  720  3800  331  Queen  Bess.. .  Bock land   The managers of the following mines  have not furnished the information requested:��� Payne, Ajax, Last Chance,  Treasure Vault, Red Fox, Trade'Dollar, Noble Five, Idaho, Jackson, Dardanelles, Wakefield and Coinstock.  Ernest Mansfield left Nelson Thursday nigh*- for England. Before leaving  he was tendered a complimentary banquet by the representative men of the  city.  When Mr. Mansfield rose to respond  to the toast given in his honor he received an ovation.   After thanking the  guests for their flattering reference to  himself and to Mr. Heidseick, whom he  represented, Mr. Mansfield stated that  he desired to say something about the  province of British Columbia, and the  city of Nelson, its people and prospects.  First he wished to go on record as being  jolly glad he was in Kootenay.    It was  not necessary at this stage to review  the events which led to  his   locating  here.   It was sufficient to state that he  was here, and  here  he was going to  stick.   He believed West  Kootenay to  be the richest district in the world, not  barring  the much-boomed South African gold fields, and he was going to  prove the truth of what he said.    A few  years ago he had come into the country  with a few thousand dollars behind him  and now he had a few millions to   back  him up.    In one short year he had been  the means of placing a million dollars  in mining properties in  Kootenay, and  within the next few years  he would be j  the means of investing ten times  this  amount. Tliegentlemen present might  doubt the sincerity of this statement  but he would draw their attention to  the fact that in the Australian mining  boom ��90,000,000 went into that country in one year, and even a small boom  would bring a tremendous flow of capital to British Columbia.  He wished it understood that in entering his present campaign he was going to succeed, and the citizens of Nelson might expect to learn of a succession of big* deals which would benefit  Nelson and contribute materially to  their success and prosperity. A boom  was coming to the Kootenay country.  It would have arrived in 1S97 if the  Klondike craze had not set. in, and it  would have been here this spring if the  war had not. transpired. Now he was  starting away to London with a bright  tale t<> tell 'of the country's resources  and a better'tale to tell of its people.  On Monday the Miner's Union was  notified that 45 men were coming in  from the coast via Nakusp, on the afternoon train, to go to work at the Enterprise mine. A delegation of Union men  from New Denver and Silverton met the  train at Rosebery. They found the men  in charge of J. Roderick Robertson,  locked in the car. Some of the men,  when they found the doors were locked,  climbed out of the windows. The local  delegation found them to be well-dressed,  intelligent working men. En route from  Rosebery to New Denver the condition  of affairs was explained to the men.  It was quite, contrary to   what they had  Appended is the number of records  registered at the New Denver office in  1899:���  Locations  393  Assessments  778  Cash in lieu of assessments. 83,000  Certificates of improvement 80  Transfers  507  Abandonments  12  Water Right Permits  9  Free Miners' certificates. .. 868  Do. to companies  31  Special do. to individuals. . 7  THE  YJim   ni.STK.rCT.  SLOCAN    OUK    SHIPMENTS.     The total amount of ore shipped from  the Slocan from January 1. 1899. to  June 30, 1899, was 15,113 tons. From  July 1, 1899, to Dec. 31, ls99, the shipments were 4,310 tons. Following are  the shipments from Januarv 1, 1900. to  Jan. 20:  \v  P:i ynii   American  Buy   QlHJlill   Boss       K'ii nililcr   Surpri.i��   Rev. Mr. Clinton, Vancouver, spent  Monday in town.  Ernie Brindle lias volunteered for  service in South Africa  Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Sandiford visited  Nelson.during the week.  Born, at Nelson, on the 20th, the wife  of Rev. Mr, Akehurst, of a son.  Born, in Silverton, on the 11th, the  wife of W. Scott, of a daughter.  The C. P. R. will hare two miles of  sidings at their new yards at Balfour.  The Quadrille Club's final assembly,  last Thursday, was a brilliant success.  Mr. and Mrs. Avison have taken up  their residence in the Wharton cottage,  Sixth street.  Rev. Mr. Duncan will conduct divine  service at the Presbyterian church next  Sunday morning.  Sei vices in the Methodist church next  Sunday, morning and evening. Rev. A.  E. RobertB,  pastor.  Officer Black has been appointed license inspector for the Slocan, vice L.  R. Forbes resigned.  Dr. Morrison, of Nelson, has been  in town several days this week,looking  after numerous dental patients.  Wm. Davidson and Miss B. Walsh,  both of Sandon, were married at Nelson  Sunday by Rev. Father Ferland.  R. P. Pettipiece passed through here  Monday on his way to Ferguson, where  he will launch the Lardeau Eagle.  T. Brown, of Sandon, and R. O. Ma-  theson, Silverton, have been appointed  license commissioners for the Slocan.  The provincial health authorities are  taking- precautionary methods against  the outbreak of smallpox at Spokane.  The most luscious and juicy of Ontario apples to be found at Williams'.  Buy some and be proud that you are a  Canadian.  The K. of P.'s of Sandon have promised to attend the Knights' ball here on  the 22nd in a body. There is certain to  be a big crowd.  D. B. Bogle, of Rossland, formerly of  New Denver, has received news of the  death of his father, Rev. Andrew Bogle,  of Edinburgh, Scotland.  Lost.���At the dance in the Bosun hall,  last Thursday, a lady's small gold stick  pin, with a gold nugget on the head.  Finder will kindly leave same at this  office.  Knowing onos say this coming summer will witness the construction of a  C.P.R. branch line up Lemon creek to  the Kokanee divide, thence down Ten  Mile to the lake.  Next Thursday the Miners' Union  hold their masquerade ball, in the Bosun Hall. Suits can be hired from the  committee, who are working hard to  make the affair a success.  Last week's ore shipments totaled up  295 tons.  Rawhiders are complaining bitterly  of lack of snow. '  Two more carloads of ore was sent  out by the Rambler last week.  One hundred and fifty tons of ore was  sent out by the Queen Bess last week.  The Payne enters the list of shippers  for the new year with 105 tons to its  credit.  The Smuggler group is turning out a  regular bonanza for the Warner Miller  people.  Almost all the machinery has arrived  for the Wakefield concentrator, and it  is expected to be iu running shape  shortly.  A recent assay made from ore taken  from the Butte, on the north fork of  Ten Mile, went $35 in gold and $781 in  silver to the ton.  Saturday night the lower drift on the  Hartney opened into a promising body  of ore. Rawhiding from the propertv  has ceased, owing to lack of snow.  SLOGAN CITY  NEWS IN BKIEF.  C. E. Perry spent Sunday in town.  Mr. Magee, of Ottawa, president of  the Bank of Ottawa; W. H. Melville, of  Boston, and Col. James McNaught, of  New York, who are interested with P.  Dickenson in the Kilo group,on LemoH  creek, were here last week inspecting*  the property. They were much pleased  with the showing.  The ball given iast Thursday night,  by the Athletic Club, was a great success. There were over 35 couples present, including a party of ten from Silverton. The music, floor and supper  were all that could be desired. The  ladies all looked their best,and it would  have been a difficult undertaking- to  have chosen any particular one as belle,  while a description of the many handsome dresses would fill a book. The  orchestra was composed of J. A. Ad-  cock, Neil McMillan and Lome York.  Supper was served in the gymnasium,  immediately under the Music Hall.  Dancing commenced promptly at nine  and was kept up until about four a.m.  Altogether it was one of the most enjoyable balls g-iven in Slocan.  SILVEK   OUTLOOK    IMPROVES.  | Florida  Bosun.  Ill consequence of the rapid development during- the past year of the mines  in this district, Ymir is now able to  rank among the leading producing  camps of the province. In fact, the  production of ore and bullion from Ymir  reaches a figure which will place it  after Rossland and Nelson only. The  actual tonnage shipped  is, of course, in  \vk  To! ill  111')  ins  I'll  l.'O  IMI!  lou  L;ll  20  2C  Total tons...  i'.th  Kosslanrt Ore Shipments.  Appended is a detailed statement of  the output of ore in the Rossland camp  for the week ending January 20:���Le  Rpi, 1,827 tons; War Eagle, 2,142; Centre Star, 1,102; Iron. Mask, 252; I X L,  25; making a total of 5,318 tons. The  total for.the year so far is 14,825 tons.  Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Garrett have returned from theirt.rip to the Territories.  They spent their leisure hours iu touring over the country on a bicycle, an  evidence of a mild season.  Reports come from the Smuggler group  at the head of Ten Mile, say that ore is  showing in both tunnels. The No. 1 is  in SO feet and has about a foot of ore in  the face. The showing in the Xo. 2 is  not so large; the tunnel is in only 45  feet.  The Slocan has   many   things to bring  it prominently before the outside world.  Its excellent people,   rich   mines, grand  scenerv, beautiful lakes,   and infant cul-  I  I ture.    But above all it rises prominentlv  as the land of foreign invasion. A police judge can take American Swedes of  two days' residence in the camp and  make officers of the law out of them,  with power to shoot down Canadian  miners.    Marvelous Slocan !  The Presbyterian church, Nakusp, is  to be congratulated on the position to  which it has attained through the perseverance of its memberB. The Rev. J.  G. Duncan who gives them regular service every Thursday, made the pleasing  announcement last week that the church  and lot were now  entirely  free of debt,  The idea that the Indian government  will shortly have to buy silver has  stimulated the demand. Indications  that the silver reserves of the Indian  currency department has been heavily  depleted and will be further reduced  are found in the large; sales.telegraphic  transfers from India, further marking  of gold for the account of the Indian  government, and the despatch of gold  direct to India. Out of bi\ crores ($55,-  oi 10,0001 of cash reserve, only about  seven crores ($22,000,000) are silver.  According to the statisticians, should  further gold be sent to India during the  next two months, the silver holdings of  the  Indian  government  will probably  be reduced   to  about,   four crores ($13,-  000,000).    Before such a figure is reached purchases of silver for coinage ought  to be made, unless  the  Indian government is prepared  to  incur  risk, which  might bring disaster.    The statisticians  insist that  the  government  must  bus"  silver without delay and have it coined  as quickly as possible, and  tlies' reason  that India ought not. to  be subjected to  further trials on top of the famine; also  pointing out that if trouble breaks out  on the Afghan frontier, silver alone svill  be unsaleable.  Nesbitt always har. in stock choice  lines of fruit, cigars, tobaccos, and con  fectionery.  Pay the printer and be honored. THE LEDGE, NEW DK��NVER, B.C., JANUARY 25,  1900.  Seventh Yeab  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERV, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months   Six " ���   Twelve   " :   TllKEK YEAHS   Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line first in  sertion, 10. cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  .. l.sW  .. -j.oo  ..  5.00  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Ojrrespondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications unon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  pajier if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in whiie it  is hot, and we will do the. rest  A pencil cross m this square  indicates that your subscription is due, and thai the editor  wishes once again, to look at  your collateral.  fOUKSDAY,   JANUARY  WOO.  "> "'" '���'���""   SCKAI'e FWUl 'I'll K  KIMTOK'S DKSK.  Smallpox oi a light variety is doing  a fair business in Spokane. None of  it has yet been imported into B. C,  and we are surprised as we get so  many things from Spokane.  The prospects for an increase in the  price of silver -ire growing better  every day. This is a silver lining to  the galena cloud that; has hung over  the Slocan for such a long period.  After looking at .the labor trouble  for the past two. months, sve are inclined to think that a compulsory arbitration law in reference to strikes  would be an advantage to all concerned.   The Provincial parliament continues to keep in step with the Slocan  mine owners. It keeps the government hard-pushed to make its majority bluff work, but it will have to  come to a shosv-down sooner or later,  men at $3. It is useless to attempt to j _ "The couvade comedy is not al-  -"Lisguise :this. It has been apparent j ways complete. In certain tribes it  from the commencement.     It  is the  Many people find fault with unions.  Unions may make mistakes and  cause trouble at times, but if labor  did not protect itself it would soon be  in the sump of despair while capital  would be so swelled up that you  could not see it for fat.  And now the coal miners have deserted Joe,. Martin. At a meeting  held at Nanaimo last Saturday night  the irrepressible Joe had patriotic  songs sung in his face���and it wasn't  by "white-shirted hoboes," either,  "but by husky coal miners.  White men cannot be deceived. If  the employment agencies will persist  in engaging them under false pretenses the mine managers may expect to lose them when they are made  acquainted with the true condition of  affairs. The English speaking race  will not scab.  payroll of the camp t" at we must, look  to tor our prosperity. ..Reduce it and  the cash resources of the camp are  reduced. This fact is so apparent it  is folly to suppose that any citizen  with the good of the district at heart  would for one moment favor the man .  agers: effort. If the law is imprac-,  ticable, prove it by a working test;  if it is unconstitutional, prove it by  testing it in the courts; but for the  sake of the Slocan, and every business man, merchant and laboring  man in the camp, leave the high  wage scale. Petitions and protests  sound nice, but a thousand of them  would not have as much -weight as  one word gained from experience in  a test or the law.' It is difficult to see  upon what grounds a law could be  repealed that Ms ne\\:r been tried.  '1'IIK    COl.'VAl)):,  There are some remarkable and  grotesque customs observed among  the isolated tribes of the earth, of  which very little'is known. One of  these is knosvn as "the couvade," the  following account of which is taken  from "The Evolution of Marriage," a  book written by Ch. Letournean:  ' 'There is a custom, at first sight  extraordinary but still common  enough, which must, have arisen during transitional epochs, when, polygamic or monogamic marriage having become established, the husbands  have exerted themselves to affirm  their parental rights, and to substitute masculine filiation for the ancient uterine filiation. In the same  svay as in certain countries, Abyssinia, for example, in order , to proclaim an adoption, the adoptive fa ther  simulates some maternal practice,  sometimes goes so far as to offer his  breast solemnly to his adoptive son,  so, in very different countries, the  husband has found no better way to  prove his paternity than to simulate  childbirth; and hence the very singular custom of the couvade.  ' 'At first sight, it seems very foolish  for the husband to take to his bed im-  is attenuated, and becomes more  symbolic. Among various tribes of  South America the husband of the  woman limits the practice to a fesv  hygienic precautions; this is the couvade reduced to its simplest expression. This custom svas found in Asia,  among the Tartars, by Marco Polo.  It still exists in Bengal, among the  Lark as; although attenuated; on the  occasion of a birth the parents quit  the house, the wife and husband are  both declared unclean for eight days,  and during that time the husband  cooks the food. After this the masculine filiation of the child is proclaimed by solemnly giving him the  name of his grandfather. We shall  be mistaken if we imagine that the  couvade is. special to very inferior  races. The Greco-Roman writers  have quoted a certain number of  examples observed among the barbarians of the ancient world. Strabo  relates that the Iberian women, after  the example of those of the Celts,  Thracians and Scythians, quit their  beds as soon as they are delivered,  and give them up to their husbands,  svhom they tend,"  ADDKKSS    TO    AGUIXAUX),  What the  KiM-iino  Leader .Would 3I��ct  With in'Mm .States.  The following address has been issued to Aguinaldo, the Filipino leader, by  the Pochontas, Kan., Sun, and it is hot  stuff:���  "Agui,"' you do not knosv svhat a good  thing you are missing by not wanting  to become a citizen of this grand country of ours? There isn't anything like  it under the sun. You ousht to send a  delegation over here to see us. This  land of the free; this land of churches  and 400,000 licensed saloons, bibles,  forts' and guns, and houses of prayer.  The millionaires and paupers, theologians and thieves; libertines and liars,  Christians and chain-gangs, politicians  and poverty, schools and prisons, scalawags, trusts and tramps,  virtue and  vice.  A land where sve have men in congress svith three svives and a svhole lot  in   the  penitentiary   for   having  two  mediately after the delivery of his wives.   Where some men boil or make  sausages of their svives svhen they see  fcJB^2a^r��^Bpugf,t*re-��.-tTPro*..>Jgi^,.TC^ wa��_TO^jgm^-��n-j  oetreal  .Established  1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,0C0.C0  Reserved fund : : G, 000,000.CO  Undivided profits :    : 1,102,792.72  HKA-JJ    OlfFICK,    MOKTREAI.  Ivt. Hon. Lord Strathcona a,id Mount Postal, G.CJLG. President.    .  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches in all parts'of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States. ,  New Denver branch  E. PITT, Manager  '.M*:M;W'if&,,r'r��T��K '*>*t.l'*c:a.''��r-: ~**r "  ra-^-cn-cr  ���*ZE:ir^re.aE;***'"3:i;��?i^^^  for making shirts.  When' we. u-aclrtln  "untutored savage"' the.  svay of eterna  life and   kill   him   svit.lt   bad "booze.'" |  Where we put a man in prison for steal- |  ing a loaf of bread  and in congress for |  stealing a bank or. a railroad.    Where, j  check books talk and sins ss*alk in broad  daylight, justice  is  asleep, crime  runs  amuck, corruption permeates our social  fabric, and satan laughs a! es-ery street |  corner.  Come to us, Agui! We've got the  grandest aggregation of good tilings,  soft things, and hard things of all sizes,  varieties and colois ever exhibited under one big tent. Send your delegation  and sve svill prove all these assertions  for truths.  c��, CO  SLOCAN CITY, B. C.  Heavy and Shelf Hardware.        Jessop's and Canton Drill  Steel.       Stoves. Tin and Granite Ware.  New Denver  Transportation  & Light Co.  PALMA ANGRIGNON,  PROPRIETOR.  We are handling all kinds of  Blasting, Mining and Sporting Powders.    Also Blacksmith's  Coal.    Lumber, Sash and Doors.  The Chinamen have nine gods, and  only prays to the evil spirits, reasoning that the good spirits will not hurt  them. They also look with contempt  upon the Christians, who have only  one God, to whom the British and  Boers pray alike to for victory in  their present discord.  The indications for an ice famine  next summer in the Slocan are very  favorable. Jack Frost has poked his  nose in once or twice but failed to stay  long enough to make a solid impres  sion upon the aqua pura formation.  It is to be hoped that Jack's timidity  will cease before the sun gets across  the line.   The miners and laboring men generally ot Canada and the western  states are men of honor it not dollars,  as is evidenced by their firm adherence to principal in the Slocan crisis  Of all the white men ;that have been  deceived into coming into the Slocan  to take the places of Union miners,  not one has stayed when the true condition oi affairs svas learned. Ssvedes  and Dagoes, too ignorant to know  better, are the only class of people  the managers haye succeeded in getting, and they only a fesv.  TKV    THIS  .AW,  Another petition protesting against  the eight-hour lasv,   signed   by  the  companies   making up   the   Silver-  Lead Mines Association, has been forwarded to Victoria.     These petitions  may   be   allright,    and    may   possibly have the desired effect, but it is  doubtful if they will be treated seriously.   If the law is impracticable,  why   don't  the    mining  companies  do   something to prove its  imprac  ticability?   The mere assertion that  it is injurious,   premature,   etc., will  have no weight and should have none.  Seven months have been spent in a  fruitless effort to force the miners to  accept a reduction   in the   scale of  wages.     Not a single effort has been  made to test either the operation of  the law or its constitutionality.    Tho  cry against the law' has been made  because   the   managers cannot get  wife, and for a certain number of  days to be nursed and tended by the  mother herself. The existence of the  custom has often been questioned. It  svill not be out of place, therefore, to  quote authentic facts which put all  doubt to silence. The facts are numerous enough, and have been observed in various parts of the globe;  in America, Asia and Europe.  ' 'In New Mexico, among the Lagu-  nero and the Ahomana, 'when a woman is delivered of a child, the father  goes to bed for six or seven days, and  scrupulously abstains from eating  fish and meat. The Choctaw Redskins formerly had an analogous custom. Brett and Inv Thurn have observed this 'lying-in' among the Indians of Guiana. The father, Brett  says, goes to his hammock quite  naked, and he remains there some  days as if he were ill, receiving the  congratulations >-. his friends and  tended by the svomen of the neighborhood, svhilst the mother of the  new-born infant goes about her cooking without receiving any attention.  "The testimony of the Jesuit Dob-  ritzhoffer, in regard to the Abipones,  is not less explicit:    'Among the Abipones of South America,' he says,  'as  soon as the svife has given birth to a  child, the husband is put to bed, and  carefully tended;   he fasts for a certain time.     I had formerly  read of  this and smiled at  it,   not being able  to credit such folly,   and supposing  that this barbarous custom  was related more as a joke than seriously,  but at last I  have  seen it  with  my  osvn eyes amongst them.'    More recent testimony  confirms svhat I have  just quoted.     In 1812 M. Maze, Commissioner-General in French Guiana,  himself proved the custom of couvade  among the Indian tribes on the river  Oyapok.    In 1852  M.  Voisin, justice j  of the peace in a commune of French \  Guiana,   ascending in  a   canoe the j  river Mana, received  hospitality one j  night in the hut of some Galibi In- j  dians.     On asvakening he learned j  that during the night,   and behind a j  partition of foliage  which separated j  his hammock from  tho household uf!  his hosts,   a child   had   been   born.  The mother had  uttered, no sound,  and at daybreak M.  Voisin saw her  go to the river-side and make her  toilet, then take  her new-born child  and throw it several times into the  water, catching it as it rose  to the  surface, and then wiping it with her  hands.    The   husband,  on the contrary, remained all the while in his  hammock,  acting: the invalid, and  receiving with the greatest' seriousness the attention lavished on him by  his wife.  a younger svoman they want. Where  young men ruin a girl and then cut her  head off. Where we make bologna  sausages of dogs, and canned beef of  sick cosvs and old mules and horses,and  corpses of people svho eat it. Where  we put men in jail for not having any  means of support and on a rock pile if  I he hasn't a job.  j Where sve have a congress of 400 men  j to make lasvs and a supreme court of  jnine men to set tliem aside. Where  good whiskey makes bad men and bad  men make good whiskey. Where newspapers are paid for suppressing the  truth and made rich for telling a lie.  Where professors drasv their convictions and salaries from the same source.  Where preachers are paid from S.l ,000  to 825,000 a. year to dodge satan and  tickle the ears of the svealthy. Where  business consists of getting property in  any svay that svon't land you in the  penitentiary. Where trusts hold you  up and poverty holds you dosvn. Where  men vote for svhat. they do not want for  fear of getting svhat they svant by voting for it. Where svomen sveav false  hair and men dock their horses' tails.  Where men vote for a thing one day. j  and swear about it the other 364 days  of the year. Where sve have prayers  on the floors of the national capitol and  whiskey in the basement. Where sve  spend 85,000 to bury a congressman and  810 to put asvay a svorkingman svho is  poor. Where government pays an army officer's svidosv $5,000 and a poor  private svho faced the shell ��144, with  insinuations that he is a government  pauper and a burden because he is living.  Where to be virtuous is to be lone  some and to be honest is to be a crank.  Where sve sit on the safeVv valve of  conscience and pull wide open the  throttle of energy. Where gold is  svorshipped and God is used as a svaste  basket for our better thoughts and good  resolutions. Where sve pay S15 for a  do<r and 15 cents a dozen  to a svoman  General Draying: Mining: Supplies and Heavy Transportation a Specialty.  Saddle Horses and Pack Animals.  Feed Stables at Nesv Denver.  JOHNWiLLIAMS  Dealer in  IMPORTED  AND DOMESTIC CIGARS  ANDTOBACGOES,  PIPES, &C.  Van Camp Lunch Goods,   Confectioner v and Fruit.  BATHS IN CONNECTION.  Newmarket Block. Nesv Denver  tp  e��  Mil OK  KnU   SALE.  ���In MX    GOETTSCHE.  NKSV  DENVER.  H.D.CURTIS,  Notary Public.  Mixes:  ..Real   Estate;   Insurance;  accountant.  Abstracts of Title Furnished,  SLOGAN CITY, 13. C.  The Clifton House,  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a large number of people.     The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided witli everything  in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckle}', Prop.  NEW DENVER,  Provides ample and pleasant accommodation (or the traveling- public.  Telegrams for rooms promptly attended to.  HENRY STEGE, -        -        -       -        - Proprietor.  HOTEL  New Denver, B.C.  A, JACOBSON & CO., Props  Best meals in  the city���Comfortable rooms���Bar replete  with the best of  Liquors and Cigars���Best service throughout.  Hill Bros,  Manufacturers'of  SS'.S. DlJKWKY  Kaslo. B.C  H. T.TwiGd  New Denver, B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and 'Mining Engineers.  Bedford. McNeil Code.  irarRashdall & Fauquier, Agents.  J^ L. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  Solicitor, Notary Public, Etc.  Sandon, B. C.  Branch office at New Denver every  Saturday.  F. L, CHRISTIE, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  SOLICITOR, Etc.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Every Friday at Silverton. SANDON. B. O  and  Shingles  Orders  shipped to all  parts of the  Country.      Mill  at  head  of  ���Slocan Lake. ���  Postoffiee address, Rosebery-  The  Nakusp.  Is a comfortable hotel for travellers  to stop at.  Mrs. McDougald/  9  ?  Young'men, become your osvn  assayers. Three months svill  teach yon assaying for gold,  silver and copper. Live and  learn how, cheaper than you now  live   Columbia College,  Board and Instruction in assaying  ... all for.. ..  ONLY $26.00 PER MONTH  Write to the principal���  .   REV. W. J. SIPPRELL, B.A.B.D.,  New Westminster.  All classes of learning may he had in this the  only collepri' of its kind in the west.  J.K. CLARK,  MINES  and MINING  Reports, Examinations and Management.  NEW DENVER,   -   B.dO.  We are Stock-taking this week, so will have to give  you another week of Specials in our Eubber Goods department, where we have everything to keep one dry and warm.  The goods are the best manufactured in Canada and our  prices cannot be touched by competitors. "We can fit any  foot, from the infant's to the giant's. German Sox of all sizes.  Eubber Coats, Ulsters, Etc., for Ladies' and Gents'.  ''lesrmBimsmigjswirx^sfassis^ssiiimsmsiS^mi^^^^S Seventh Year.  THE LEDtfE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 25. 1900.  LABOR   NOTES.  What the Struggling   Masses Are Doing  in the World.  In Nesv York City 40,000 working-  svomen are so poorly paid that they  must accept charity or starve.  The strike and boycott of the printers  in Kansas City continues, and the machinery of the courts is nosv being employed.  St. Louis railway companies have  agreed that ��2,000,000 in nesv construction to be erected this year shall be  done by union labor exclusively.  The entire force of the Tribune Printing company of Jefferson City,Mo.,have  2'one on a strike because the concern  refused to pay time and a-half for over  time.  Three hundred girls employed by  Spofford Bros , of Kansas City, svho,  tsvo weeks ago, went on strike because  svages were, to be cut, on Monday went  to svork at restored wages.  The hard and soft coal miners of  Pennsylvania arc talking strike again.  They want more svages and the bosses  declare their demands would have the  effect of forcing an industrial depression, which might be general.  The Union Commercial pressfeeders,  at St. Louis, are on strike to enforce a  demand for an increase from S9.50 to  $12 per sveek in their svage scale and a  nine hour day. Thirty printing establishments are involved.  The fight against the Nesv York Sun  continues svith greater vim than ever.  It is confidently believed that powerful  capitalistic backing is being given the  paper in order to break the typographical union's power.  There is some fear in Nesv York that  the rich contractors are accumulating a  big fund to be used in smashing the  building trades unions. The latter are  quite strong in the metropolis, and if a  light starts it will be a battle royal.  The railsvay telegraphers of the Big  Four are dissatisfied. Thoy claim that  they were left out in the cold when  svages svere raised on that line,and that  the effect svill bo the disruption of the  federation that existed among the various brotherhoods.  One of the interesting features of the  parade of the'striking tailors held in  Nesv York recently, svas a banner made  out of 100,000 pawn tickets, svhich represented property svorth ��500,000,svhich  svas pledged for less than ��� one fifth of  the sum to buy bread by the employees  of'the metropolis' sweat shops.  to state his impressions of the war.  "War," he said, "is a terrible thing.  You can't exaggerate its horrors. When  you sit in your tent the night before a  battle and think of home and your wife  and children you feel pretty sick and  down-hearted. But," he added, ''next  day svhen you're in it, oh, it is bully!"  ���Wm. Archer in Pall Mall Magazine.  Dr. Tanner a Vegetarian.  Dr. Tanner, svho some years ago svas  the hero of a fasting feat prolonged for  40 days and 40 nights, is still alive and  svell in Nesv York atthe'age of 77 years.  The prediction svas made by some medical men that his digestive organs  svould be irretrievably ruined by his  lengthy abstention from food, and Dr,  Tanner prides himself considerably on  the fact that despite these gloomy forebodings his health continues good. He  is a strict vegetarian, and thinks a man  can live comfortably on the modest sum  of 12}4 cents a day. Much of the ill  health from svhich many people suffer,  he puts dosvn to the consumption of  pork anci badly cooked food. He as  svholly disagrees svith the manner in  svhich hotel and restaurant managers  cater for their patrons, and is of the  opinion that the true idea of cooking is  to retain the natural flavor of the viands  and not, as seems to be the aim of the  modern cuisine, to disguise it.  From a  Harbor's Standpoint.  Every man looks at life through his  osvn pair of spectacles- Mr. Hunt, a  Pretoria barber, svho has been svriting  about the Boers in a certain hair dressers'journal, regards the Transvaalers,  naturally enough, from the standpoint  of his osvn profession. ''Kruger," he  regrets to say, "like the rest of the  Boers, is very careless about his toilet  He has never yet visited a hair dresser;  he sets his osvn razor and shaves himself. And Mrs. Kruger cuts his hair!"  The tone of Mr. Hunt's article, hosv-  e.ver, brightens when he comes to ) e-  niark that the trade in Pretoria svas  kept very busy for about ten days giving the burghers a commando hair cut  ���No. I. clipper all over.  Reward of Labor.  "Bill, have you cut the firesvood?"  "Yes; sir." "  '���An' fed the mules?"  "Yes, sir."  "An' milked the cosvs?"  "All milked, sir."  "An' ground the corn?"  "Just through, sir "  "An' banked tho taters?"  "Last one, sir?"  "Well, you're a good un. Nosv call  the dogs, an' you can go an' tree a 'possum fer yer supper."  New York Vulgarity.  I had not been three hours on American soil before I heard a charming young  lady remark, "Oh, it v.as bully!" I  gathered that this expression .is considered admissible in the conversation  of grown-up people only in New York. I  often heard it theie and never anywhere  else. A very distinguished officer who,  served as a volunteer in Cuba was asked  The 8=hour  Has been on shift in the  Slocan for many weeks,  but it has not injured the  quality of the beverages  in the Ivan hoe at Sandon. Nearly everything is nesv around this  old-time tavern except  the whiskey and the  landlord.  DiekOrando,  for further information.  PHOTOGRAPHERS  LOOK!  Cabinet Solio, *1.40, go prepaid  Film Cartridges, 3ix3i.. 7ae.  other Supplies, same rates.  O. STRATHEARN,  Kaslo, B. C.  EB.Dunlop  BARBER AND HAIRDRESSER.  Children's Hair Cutting- a Specialty.  SLOCAN   CITY, - - B.  C.  DISSOLUTION    NOTICE.  "VfOTICE is hereby given that sve, the undcr-  i.S signed, formerly carrying' on business as  Wholesale and Retail Butchers in the Town of  Slocan City, Province of British Columbia.under  the lirm name of A. York & Co., have this day bv  mutual consent, dissolved the said partnership  i    f .,      /-fn n      ^  The said business will  be continued by the un- ! 0I Tne ^Ollip.iny, 01  dersigiied Archibald York, Svho will pay all liabilities of said .firm, and to  whom  all accounts  due the said lirm are payable.  Dated at Slocan City. B.C'thi.-, 1st day of J urinary, liiou.-  A.YORK.  .1. SV. CLARKE.  Witness:  If. .). ROBERTSON.  NOTICE.  nnHE  ASLO MOTEL  Family & Commercial.  L  arge  And  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAP WORTH,  "��� Proprietors.  T-JCKNSJ'J AUTUOK1ZI-NC   AN   EXTRA-  PROVINCIAL        COMPANY       TO  CAllItY       ON       BUS'INJESS.  Mcpherson & croft,  Hauling and Packing to Mines,  and general local business.  WOOD    AND    COAL    FOR    SALE  Now Denver, IJ. C.  J. EL Angrignon  The Leading  Hairdresser  Bosun Block, New Denver,  B.O.  Travelers  Will find the  Arlington Hotel  a pleasant place to stop at when in  Slocan City.  GETH1NG- & HENDERSON. Proprietors.  "Companies'Act, 1897."  CANADA: )  Puovixce ov British Columbia, j"  No. 171.  r^HIS IS TO CERTIFY that "The Bo-  -*- sun Mines, Limited," is authorised  and licensed to carry on business within  the Province of British Columbia, and to  carry out or effect all or any of the objects hereinafter set forth to svhich the  legislative authority (��� of the Legislature  of British Columbia extends.  The head office of the Company is situate at No. 10, Fenchurch As'enue, London, England.  The amount of the capital of the Company is ��50,000, divided into 50,000  shares of ��1 each.  The head office of the Company in this  Province is situate at New Denver, and  William Henry Sandiford, svhose address is Nesv Denver aforesaid, is the  attorney for the Company.  The objects for svhich the Company  has been established are:  (a) To purchase or otherwise acquire  and svork any lands, mines, mining or  mineral claims, mining righls, grants,  concessions, leases, easements, or interests in lands, waters, mines, minerals,  mining or mineral claims, mining rights  and other hereditaments in British Columbia or elsesvhere, and any property,  real or personal, movable or immovable,  for purposes incidental thereto, or to any  other objects of the Company;  (b) To prospect and ��� search for, get,  ss'in, ssrork and raise, either within the  area aforesaid, or elsessrhere, copper and  other ores, metals, minerals or substances, and to carry on the business of  miners, millers, smelters, and workers  of any pjocesses in the production, reduction, and making merchantable, of  ores, minerals, metals, metallic products,  suppliers of svater, merchants and manufacturers and workers of any minerals,  metals, articles and things used in or in  connection svith mining, milling, smelting, and other processes aforesaid, or  any of them;  (c) To search for mines and minerals,  and to acquire and grant licenses and  other rights and privileges for the purposes of, or in respect of, the search for  or svinning and getting of copper or  other ores, metals, or minerals :  years.  HE art of printing has  made startling advancement in recent  The old faces are  passing away; the old style  of razzle-dazzle printing is  no longer popular. Everything today must be clean-  cut, well-balanced, and at the  same time sufficiently ornamental  to  "catch   the eye."  'HAT'S the kind of work  that we do in the Job  Department of The Ledge.  Up-to-date in everything.  We please our customers, and  as a result we never lose one  until they die. As to prices,  we can give you the lowest.  We print anything in the  commercial line. Mail orders  attended to promptly.  (d) To purchase, take on lease, or in  [exchange, hire, or otherwise acquire any  j real or personal property, lis^e or dead  I stock, oi any easements, rights, privi-  j leges or concessions, or any interest  i therein, necessary or convenient for the  i Company's business, or for developing  | or utilising any of the Company's property, and to explore, work, and desrelop  the same;  (e) To acquire, erect, construct, or  hire and maintain and work an)' buildings, plant, engines, machinery, fixture,  mills, roads, railways, tramsvays, canals,  creeks, shafts, ditches, or other svorks  svhich may be necessary or advisable for  the purposes of the Company, whether  on land of the Company or not;  (f) To undertake and carry into effect  all such financial,  commercial,  trading,  I or other operations or businesses in connection with the objects of the Company,  ! as the Company may think fit;  i    .(g)    To acquire any invention's capable  - of being used for any purpose connected  svith any of the businesses or operations  the  license or right  j to use the same, and to acquire or cause  j to be applied for and  obtained,  any let-  j ters patent or concessions  or privileges  i of  an    amtlagous    character,   svhether  British or foreign, in respect of any such  inventions, and to  grant  and  issue  li-  I censes for the use of any such invention  j or inventions, upon such terms and con-  I ditions as may be considered expedient;  (h)    To amalgamate  svith  any  other  company having objects altogether or in  part similar to the objects of this Company, or to acquire  and  undertake the  svhole or any part of the business, properties, and liabilities  of any   person  or  company carrying'on any business svhich  this company is authorized to  carry on,  or possessed of property  suitable for the  purposes of this Company;  (i) To pay for any property or business purchased or otherwise acquired in  shares (to be treated as either svholly or  partly paid up), or debentures or debenture stock of the Company, or in  money, or partly in shares or debentures  or debenture stock, and partly in money;  and, svith the like sanction, to accept in  payment for any part or for the svhole of  the property of the Company sold or  othersvise disposed of, shares."bonds, or  debentures of any other company or  companies;  (j) To impros'e, manage, des'elop, let  or sell, or othersvise dispose of, charge  or deal svith, in any manner svhatsoever,  all or any part or parts of the property  of the Company, or any rights or easements in or osrer the same;  (k) To acquire by original subscription.or othersvise, and to hold and sell,  or othersvise dispose of, shares, stock,  debentures or debenture stock, or any  interest in the res'enues or profits of any  company, corporation, partnership or  person carrying on any business capable  of being conducted so as directly or indirectly to benefit this Company, and,  upon any return of capital, distribution  of assets, or division of profits, to distribute such shares, stock, debentures,  or debenture stock, among the members  of this Company in kind;  (1) To borrow or raise money for the  purposes of the Company, and to execute and issue bonds or debentures, or  debenture stock, to bearer or otherwise,  mortgages and other instruments for securing the repayment thereof, or for any  other purpose, with or svithout charge  upon all or any of the property of the  Company or its uncalled capital, and upon such terms as to priority or otherwise,  as the Company shall think fit;  (in) To establish or promote, or concur in establishing or promoting, any  other company svhose object shall include the acquisition and taking os'er of  all or any part of the property, assets or  liabilities of this Company, or shall be  in any manner calculated to enhance,  either directly or indirectly, the interests  of the Company, and to acquire and hold  shares, stock or securities of, or guarantee the payment of any securities-issued  by, or any other obligations of any such  company;  (n)   To lend, iiwest, and deal svith the  moneys of the Company not immediate  ly required upon such securities, or svithout security,  and in   such   manner  as  from time to time  may be determined;  (o) To make, accept, indorse and execute promissory notes, bills of exchange,  and other negotiable instruments;  (p) To apply for, obtain, accept,  adopt, and carry into effect, any Acts of  Parliament, provisional orders, concessions, contracts, grants, decrees, posvers  or privileges svhich may be deemed  necessary or desirable for facilitating the  objects, or any of the objects, of the  Company;  (q) To procure the Company to be  registered, or incorporated, or othersvise  domiciled, represented, or recognized in  British Columbia, or in any other place  where it may be necessary or expedient  so to do;  (r) To hold in the names of others  any property which the Company is  authorized to acquire, and to carry on or  do any of the businesses and acts and  things aforesaid, either as principal or  agent, and either by the agency of or as  agents or trustees for others;  (s) To pay all expenses of an incident  to the formation of the Company, and to  remunerate and make donations (by  cash or other assets or by the allotment  of fully or partly paid shares, or in any  other manner) to any person or persons  for services rendered, or to be rendered,  in introducing any property or business  to the Company, or in placing, or assisting to place, any shares, debentures, or  other securities of the Company, or for  any other reason which the Company  may think proper;  (t) To execute arid do generally all  such other things as the Company mav  at any time consider conducive to the  carrying out or attainment of the above  objects, or any of them.  Given    under   my   hand   and   seal   of  office at Victoria,   Province   of   British  Columbia, this 22d day of December, one  thousand   eight   hundred    and   ninety-  inine.  [L.s.] S. Y. WOOTTOX,  Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  That Kitchener Mineral  Claim.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Monitor Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining 'Division of West  Kootenay Disnict. Where located: .South  of Three Forks townsite.  TAKE NOTICE that I. Herbert T. Twigg. as  ,1. agent for George A. Petty. F. M. Cert. No.  13030. Eleanor J. Kendal], F. M. Cert. No. VJH7;,,  ami Alfred R. Filmland. F. M. Cert. No. KiSTl.  intend. sixty days from the date hereof  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements, for the purpose, of obtain  ing Crown a grant of the above claim.  _ And further fake notice that acfiou under section :i7 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this-nth dfl3r of Janunrv, lliOO.  HERBERT 'J'. TSVIGG.  ANDSOO LINE.  between  Sundown Fraction ?-Iineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan City Mining Division of  SSrest Kootenay District.     Where located:  On the north side of  Demon  Creek, onposite  the moulh of Summit creek.  TAKE NOTICE that T.  Dan H.inlon. actinias  I    an agent for j.  D.   SVallacc   F   M.  C.  No.  ���2-2-mA: SV. B. SVilleox.   F. .SI. C. No. Bi'JiiUS: H.  J. Robertson, F. .M.C.No. HU'2-24; William C'ol|r  man. F. 51. C. No. 23-ViUA; John Roland  Stilt. F.  M. C. No. BsfifiS, and Herbert  Bunting. F.  M. C.  No.  Bfe'M.  intend, sixty   days,    froiii  the date  hereof,    to    apply    to    the "Mining  Recorder  for a Certificate of Improvements, for  the  purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  claim.  _ And further take notice that  action under .section H~ must be commenced before tire issuance  of sucli certificate of improvements. ���  Dated this l!Uh day of December, lsi��).  DAN HANLON.  The direct route from  ootenay Country  to Jill points East and West.  United Kmpire Mineral  Claim.  Situate in the Slocan City .Minim,' Division of  SS'est Kootenay District. Where located:  On the north side of Ten Mile Creole about  seven miles from Slocan lake .,  fPAKE NOTICE That I, R. \S'. Gordo),. F. M.  i. C. Xo. XWteA. aetinir for myself and us  agent, for [I. S\r. Kent, F.M.C. No. :>M80. Thomas  Dunn, F. M. C. No. liONic. J. H. SS'ard, F. M. 0,  No. Hu:j7a. and Geo. Williamson, F. JI. C. No.  l-lfiasiii. intend, sixty days from the date hereof  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for tho purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 29th dav of October, I8fi!i.  l-'-i-'S ' R. W. GORDON.  First-Class Sleepers on all trains trorn  Revelstoke and Kootenay Ldg.  Tourist Cars pass Medicine Hat daily  for.St, Paul; Sundays and Wednesdays for Toronto: Fridays  for Montreal and Boston.  Same cars pass Revelstoke one, day-  earlier.  WNNKCTJONS  Revelstoke and main line points.  *::>:>k Dly: lv ���DenverC. Siding���ar: Daily 15:30k  ���S:lak ex. Snn: lv N.Denver Ldg: a rex. Sun. 15:40k  liOSSI.ANl".   XKI.SO.V   CHOW'S   NKST    HJtANCH   AND  iiot;.\i.iAi{v cou.vrtiv.  !i.50k ex.  Sun: lv N.Denver Ldg: are-x.Sun 13.30k  1'U A.Vl) FKOM SANDON  15.3ik dly lv:':. ...Denver C. Sdg  ar dly ,S.55k  13 30k ex Sun lv. .N Denver Ldg.ar ex Sun !t.50k  Ascertain rates and  full   information   by addressing nearest local agent or���  G. Ji. GARRETT, Agent New Denver.  W. F.  Anderson, Trav.  Pass. Agt.. Nelson.  E. J. Coyle, A. G. P. Agt., Vancouver.  Summit Mineral Claim   Loti37t.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of \Srest  Kootenay District.    Where located:   About  half mile southeast of Sandon.  adjoining the  Richmond and   Hidden   Treasure mineral  claims.  TAKE NOTICE That I,  Robert E. Palmer, as  1    agent for Eleanor Truax O'Neil. V. JI. O. No.  5!��271; George Gooderham, F. JI. C. No. B127iU.  and the War Eagle Con. Mining & Development'  Co. Ltd, F. J[. C. No. B13357, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Re  corder for a Certificate of Improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice  that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 10th day of November, 1809.  1M6 R. E. PALMER  Victor Mineral Claim.  SYSTEM.  Situate in the Slocan Jlining Division of SVest  Kootenay District.     Where   located:   On  the South Fork of Carpenter creek, about a  mile from Sandon, opposite mouth ot Noble  Five Gulch, a relocation of the St. Paul No. 2.  TAKE NOTICE That. I. James Marshall, free  1    miner's certificate Nc. lOfiotA, intend, sixtv  days from    the date   hereof   to   apply  to  the  Jim ing    Recorder    for   a  certificate: of     improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claim.   <  And further fake notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 7th dav of December, 1S99  12-14  JAMES MARSHALL.  Promestorit   Mineral    Claim.  Situate in the Arrow Lake Jlining Division of  YS'est Koote.iay District. Where located:  On Jlineral Creek, 3i miles from Cariboo  Creek.  TAKE NOTICE. That I, N. F. Townscnd, acting asagent for John H. JlcDowell, F. JI. C.  B. 13518; Pat Cumiinrhain, F.Jf.C. 34867A.. James  Brady. F. JI. 0. !Kil57 Nelson Demurs. F. JI. C.  10707 A, and Frank H. Bourne, F. JI. C.  10825a. intend sixty days from the date hereof,  to apply to the Mining: Recorder for a Certificate  of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37, must lie commenced before the issuance  of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 25th day of'Autnist. A. D. 1800.  30-n n: f. tosvnsend.  NELSON & FORT SHEPPARD CO.  RED JIOUNTAIN RY CO.  The all rail and direct route  between   the  Kootenay  ..District and..  All British Columbia Ponts  Pacific Coast Points  Puget Sound Points ������  Eastern Canada and the  United States.  Connects at Spokane with  GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY  NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILWAY  O. R. R, & NAVIGATION CO.  Leaves Nelson 9:10 a.m.  Maps furnished, Tickets sold and information  given by local and connecting line Ticket agents  H. A. JACKSON, G. P. & T. A.  Spokane, Wash  KOOTENAY     RAILWAY  & NAVIGATION CO.  Adirondack Mineral Claim.  TAKE  .1.    age i  Situate in the Slocan .Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: South of  St. John. Idaho Basin.  XO'riCE. That I Herbert T. Twiirg,  nt for SS'illirtin Hunter. F. JI. C. No.  32!iSl A: Harry L0wC F. JI. C. No. 13007: Walter  Jturray. F. JI. C. 1.308S. and Robert Slnan. F. JI.  C. No. 130K0, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the .Mining Recorder for a  Certificate of Improvements, lor the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the ab:.>ve claim.  And further lake notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this .3d day of November, isoo.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Operating: Kaslo & Slocan Railsvay,  ��� International  Navigation &  Trading-  Company,  KASLO & SLOCAN RAILWAY.  Schedule of Time.     Pacific Standard  ���Time���  .Passenger   train for Sandon    and  svay stations leaves  Kaslo at 8:00 a  m. daily,   returning,   leaves Sandon  at 1:15  ]'.   m..   arriving- at    aslo at  3:55 p. in.  Fairy,  Clietopa  and    Opattnika JTiiicruI  Claims.  Situate in the Slocan Jlining Division of West  Kootenay district. SS'lie e located: Adjoining the Democrat. Twiii Lakes Basin.  TAKE NOTICE, That 1. Herbert T Twigg,  1 agent for John G. Steel, free miner's certificate No. 704, intend. <i0 days from the date hereof  to apply to the Jlining Recorder for Certificates  of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown Grant of ea'di of the above claims.  And farther take notice that action, under section 37. must be commenced before tlie issuance  of such Certificates of Improvements.  Dated this ��:iil dav of November. ISfifi  HERBERT T. TSVIGG.  fr'-gypt Mineral  Claim  Situate in the SI n'un Mb ing lJivisiou of SS'cM  Kootenay District. Where located: East of  Mountain Chief Carpenter Cieek.  rr*AKK NOTICE That 1. Geoigc H. Avlard.  -*- agent for .1 hu A. Finch. Free Jliners'Certificate No. i'17i:I.A. intend, sixty .lavs from the  date hereof, to ,-i;iply to the Minimr h'econler for  a Certificate of Improvements, for 11��� ��� - purpose of  obtaining a Crown   Grant  of the above claim.  And further ta !?e notice that act'on under sec.37  must be commenced before the issuance of such  Certificate of Improvements.  Daled this.'MJi dav of November. WO.  3<M1 G. II. AVLARD.  Hcber  'raetioii    Mineral    Claii  Situate   in   the    Slocan    Jlining   Division   of  SVest Kootenay District. Where located:  On the South Fork of Carpenter Creek, about  three miles up from Cody, B. C  TAKE NOTICE That I, E. M. Quirk, free  i miner's certificate No. 20501, intend, GO days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Jlining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  ahove claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 15th day of January, 1900.  1-18  T-  Situate in the Slocan Minim.' Division of \Srest  Kootenay District. Where located: .South  of and joining the "Rabbit I'aw" Mineral  Claim, near Sandon.  \KK NOTICE. That I. A . S. Farwell. a.-ting  asagent for the Star Mining and Milling  Co.. Ltd Liab'ty, Free Jlincr's Certificate No.  la'US 15. intend, sixty days from the date hereof,  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate  of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown Grant of the above claim  And further take notice that action, under section 37. must be commenced before the issuance  of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this l'^'iI dav of November, is  3011-iKi ' A. S. FARWELL.  St.  t.'lair Mineral Claim  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of SVest  Kootenay    District. Where     located:  Jlowicb Slide, Carpenter creek.  TAKE NOTICE That I. Herbert T. Twigg,  1 agent for .las. II. Moran. Free Miner's Certificate No. 139'4, and Charles W. Greenlee,  F. M. C. No.l3!��72. intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to applv to the Mining Recorder for  a certificate of improvements. for the purpose of  obtaining a. crown   grant of the above claim.  And furthertake notice that action under Sec.  37 must he commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this 21S- day of December. 1839.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  INTERNATIONAL    NAVIGATION  & TRADING CO.,   operating-on  Kootenay Lake and River.  S.  S.  INTERNATIONAL.  Leaves Kaslo for Nelson at 6:00 a.  ni., daily except Sunday. Returning-  leaves Nelson at 4:30 p. m., calling  at Balfour, Pilot Bay, Ainssvorth and  all svay points,  Connections with S. F. & N. train  to and from Spokane at Five Mile  Point; also with str. Alberta to and  from Bonner's Ferry, Idaho.  S. S. ALBERTA.  Leaves Nelson for Bonner's Ferry  Tuesday and Saturdays at 7 a. m.,  meeting steamer International from  Kaslo at Pilot Bay. Returning,  leaves Bonner's Ferry at 8 a. m,  Wednesdays and Sundays.  LARDO-DUNCAN  DIVISION.  Steamer International leaves Kaslo  for Lardo and Argenta at 8:4b p. m.  Wednesdays and Fridays. Steamer  Alberta leaves Kaslo for Lardo and  Argenta at 8 p.m. Sundays.  Steamers call at principal landings  in both directions, and at other points  svher> signalled.  Tickets sol<! to all points i i Ca nda  and the United Statas. To ascertain  rates and full information,   address���  Robert Irving, Manager.  S. Campbell, Kaslo, 13. C.  Freight and Ticket Agt.,   Sandon.  ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP TICKETS.  I'o and from European  points via Canadian  and American lines.     Apply    for sailing dates  rates, tickets and  full   information  to any C.  Ry aircnt or���  G. B. GARRETT.  C. F. R. Agent, New Denver.  SS'. I*. F. Cuinmings. 3. S. S. Agt., SVinnipe  Fellow Pilgrims  If you receive a copy of The Lkiicio without  being a subscriber, do not be alarmed. It will  not cost you anything. After as ay ing it, if you  care to dig up. you can give no offense by sending in your collateral. The annual assessment  is $2, but if you are financially in the sump send  in $1 and for six months yon will have all the  blessings that this paper cun bestow 'upon you.  The circulation is limited to one million, so do  not dally too long with procrastination.  R. T. LOWERS'. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 25, 1900.  Seventh Yeap.  MINING   RECORDS  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded during the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Denve- were  aa follows:���  LOCATIONS.  Jan 12.���Kimberley, Carpenter creek  A E Fauquier and D^McLeod.  15���Blaine, near Three Forks, W  Fitzgerald.  ASSESSMENTS.  Jan 12���Hoodoo, Nesv Kohinoor. 17  ���Bessie.   20���Philadelphia.  rOWEK OF ATTOIiNKV.  Jan .10���John Gates to J R Gates,  Oct 18, 1S98.  TItANSFERS.  Jan 9���Trade Dollar J, J M Martin to  J Shields  10���Mountain Chief No 8 and Sarnia,  i each, John Gates and J R Gates to  Mrs F L Mclnnes, Jan 1.  12���Old Tom Moore and Liberator  No 2, J each, J C R\ran to C H Green,  Sept 10.  15���Blaine, W Fitzgerald to RStrang-  way, Jan 4.  16���Mountain Chief No 3 and Sarnia,  J4 each, Mrs F L Mclnnes to Hill Bros,  Jan 15, $250.  bond.  Jan IS���Frisco, bond from E F Llosrd  to S T  Walker and N McMillan, Dec  29.   AINSWORTH    DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Jan 5.���St Joseph, Glacier creek, T  F Cosg-riff.  10���Edna, near Argenta, by D Johnson.  Bunker Hill, west of Duncan river,  same.  ASSESSMENTS.  Jan 2���Jennie, Hector.  10���John A and Treadwell for four  years; Philomene, Crescent, Green  Lakes fr, Apex, Tony, Bertha fr, and  Glacier for tsvo years; Rio Tinto, Marguerite fr, Alice fr, Queen of British,  Columbia, Tsvin Lakes and Green  Lakes for five years.  CERTIFICATES OP IMPROVEMENT.  Jan 2���Simcoe, Silver Hill, Roy, S &  N, Norfolk, to the London Consolidated  Gold Fields Exploration and Mining-  Co., Limited.  10���Joker, Derby, and Mona fr, by  Excelsior Gold Mines of British Columbia, Ltd.  POWER  OF ATTOBNEY.!  Jan 11���J E Hardman to J D Sword.  TRANSFERS.  Jan 3���Grey Bird, all, W A Abbott to  T Farquhar.  5���Tamarac, Dewey, Olympia & each.,  F Hanson to S Newswond'er.  6���Pasamalong ��, Marion and Red  Star, J A McVicnie to G W Praeg-er.  Riverview J��, A Cane to S Newswan-  der.  10���Bertha fr, Rio Tinto, Queen of B  C, Alice fr, all, E Mansfield to Rene  Laudi.  11���Lost Mountain and Nowater, %  each, J Hardman and W J White to  Lost Mountain Mines, Ltd, $800.  12���Bunker Hill, all, D Johnson to W  Simpson.  13���Mt Vernon, all, D F Strobeck to  King Solomon Mining Co,  Harrison and Silver Bell, all, L J Mc-  Atee to L J dough.  besides the Calumet and Hecla in the  copper country, and there are interesting features in the region aside from its  showings.  The lake copper output for 1899 is ex-  I'pected to be in the neighborhood of  150,000,000 pounds, a gain of about 7,-  000 tons over the preceding year, and  but little in excess of the total of 1897.  'nhus, though new corporations have  been from one to ts\ro years at svork in  development, and though the old and  heavy producers have been tempted by  a price they never hoped to secure.they  have not made any very material increase. It takes two years or more to  make a copper mine, and of the new  companies but tsvo or three have as yet  begun production in any notable  amount The old mines have been  svorked vigorously during the year and  hasre extended their underground development remarkably, but nesv ground,  nesv shafts, nesv machinery, are all  needed to add to their outputs, and the  work that has been going on for the  last tsvo years, and is still heavily in  progress, maybe expected to produce  notable results in the closing year of  the century. All of the chief mines  have been adding to their shafts, drifts,  machinery, surface equipment, etc.,and  are nosv gaining from the expenditure  made. But there will be no sudden  jump in the production of lake copper,1  and should prices drop materially there  will lie such discouragement to newer  properties that it is likely little addition  can be made.  The   territory   in   which   copper   is  found on Lake Superior is a vast basin  svhose southern lip comes to surface in  what is known as the copper formation,  extending- southwesterly from the tip of  Keewenaw point, clear to the Minnesota  state line,200 miles or more to the svest.  Its northern outcrop  is found on Isle  Royale, 50 or 60 miles asvay across  the  lake  and   near   the    northern   shore.  Other portions of the northern rim   are  probably to be found on the Canadian  mainland of. the lake, svhere mineralization is heavy.   There are no copper  mines in the lake region but are located  on metal-bearing lodes or fissure veins.  There are no ores worked in the region  as vet.   The lodes are old sea beaches,  The percentages of copper in the  svorking lodes of this region vary  greatly. In the losvest levels of the  Calumet & Hecla 10 per cent, rock is  nosv mined, svhile the average of Atlantic, some miles to the south, was last  year a little more than %oi 1 per cent.  This mine is a standing example of  close management and economical business. Its rock for years has averaged  less than 1 per cent.,and last year there  svere secured from every ton of rock  treated ar, the mine and mill the meagre  total of 11 1-5 pounds of copper At ten  cents per pound, an average price for ;t  series of years prior to the last, this  would hasre been but ��1.1.8 to the ton.  To get this small return there must be  mined, hoistea, and stamped, a ton of  rock and its product must be marketed.  Last year's return was actually SI.40 to  the ton of rock, and thisshosved a gross  profit of about 5 cents. Construction  costs for nesv equipment, etc., made the  year's balance show a deficit. The mine  is heavily equipped and employs a force  of nearly POO men. Without large  equipment and great quantities of mineral brought to mill there would be no  possibility of ssrorking such a property.  In all its years of svork the Atlantic has  divided the sum of ��780.000. The company runs a store from svhich it derive  a profit, and the increased prices of copper the present year are very pleasant  to its stockholders.  Costs of operations at these copper  mines are reduced to the finest limits.  Atlantic finds that its cost of stamping  and separating the rock is about 24  cents per ton; Tamarack's similar cost  is only 22.5 cents; Calumet's is supposed  to be still lower, the latter treating so  vast a quantity of rock as to lead all  competitors. In their general business  transactions these companies are operated svith the greatest skill, and in most  cases svith the g-reatest economy, and  Established in Nelson 1890.  Most complete  and up-to-date stock  of Jewelry in the  Kootenays.  Watch repairing a specialty  As we only employ first-class  jewelers, all work guaranteed.  Mail orders receive our prompt  attention.  The Kootenay Jeweler,  NELSON, B. C.  city for 1,500 tons of rock daily and  subordinate buildings, together with a  railroad connecting mine and mill In  other directions along- the copper formation, from the tip of the point into  Ontonagan county,are great machinery  plants going in for the mining and  stamping of mineral. A railroad is being built to open these, and nesv steel-  rail connections are made all over the  territory.  About all these great mines and vast  prospects have g-rosvn up cities of prosperous and well-to-do  families.   Prob-  even in cases where vast profits tend to ably there are more than 100,000 per-  larger expenditures than stockholders sons in the copper country directly or  QUEEN'S HOTEL  which form   the  conglomerates,   and  LAK��   SUPERIOR    COPPER    MINES  Great Development in the Country Last  Year.  Somesvhat less than a year ag-o there  was a selling value of copper stocks in  lake mines, of prospects and gambles,  of about ��200,000,000.   At losv point,  a  few sveeks back, these same properties  shosved a shrinkage of 35 per cent., or  S70,000,000.     Many had   gone   out   of  sight, and no longer take up space  in  quotations columns of the ne\\rspapers.  But the inflation, unlike many, had its  good cause and its beneficial results.  To be brief, its cause was an expansion  in the demand for copper for electrical,  arm and armament purposes, that had  been   going   on   for years   unheeded.  Sudden realization of the facts started  a movement that svill be historic in the  metallurgical svorld. Its result hasbejii  the pouring in of money to  open and  equip nesv mines,properties of probable  merit that might otherwise remain idle  and unproductive for a generation.  In 189-1:, copper sold for 9 cents per  pound; at the close of 1898 it had risen  to 12^ cents, Early in 1899 it touched  20 cents, a quotation that had not been  touched since 1882, hut it later fell to 17  cents, and has been about that price for  sometime, past. It is curious to note  the difference, of the effect of this rise  and of that: which took place in I8s7,  and thereafter, as the result of the man  ipulations of the Societe de. Mctaiix, the  ad-  Tint  7 cents, had slight  new properties in  long before  Secret,'in syndicate of   Paris  vance, thou",ii   to  effect in opening o  the lake region: but lately  the Secretau ligtires had been reached,  millions had been   poured, into development all along the copper range.  One can   scarcely   read   any .general  summary  of  the   bike  copper   region | tically, aw  whose main space is not devoted to and  svhose most   superlative  adjective-- ;\v  not   showered   upon   oik:   mine, the famous Calumet  and   Hecla.    This mine  ' is, indeed, ;i  shining  example  of wonderful success   in   almost every branch  of its  endeavor,  and  it  towers  above,  comparison.    It has   been   the lodestar  of promise svith   which every promoter  of doubtful copper  propositions has led  on his public.and itsadvance to a "alue  of $75,000,000 or $80,000,000 and annual  dividends of four times its capitalization  has entrapped  many  an  investor into  something "just as good as the Calumet  and Hecla."   But there are other things  lava flosvs, which are the amygdaloids.  Deep shafts have cut  through as many  as forty of these lodes,though not many  of them contain copper.   Amygdaloid  lodes are common westerly  from the  copper-bearing portions to the svest end  of Lake Superior,and near the westerly  line of Wisconsin they are being worked in an exploratory way, and are apparently showing favorable indications.  North of the lake,in Minnesota,the same  lodes are common, and in places the  copper content is excellent, but enough  work has not been done to thoroughly  test them.    What svork has been carried on there, it  should be stated, has  not resulted successfully.   Large sums  of money have been spent on Isle Roy-  ale in the search for copper, and excellent authorities have great faith in the  ultimate outcome.  There is a very large area to the west  of   the   present   producing district  of  Houghton and Keewenasv counties that  is being entered and opened, nosv that  railroad communication is assured, and  there many important mines svill probably, be found.    It svas in this portion  of the copper country that most of the  prehistoric svork svas clone, and almost  alsvays   wherever   one of   these pits���  originally  opened no one knows hosv  many thousands  of years   ag-o   or by  svhat forgotten  race���is sunk  into,  a  good mine has been found underneath.  Frequent  indications   of   the svork   of  these ancienu miners are met svith.   At  one pit in Ontonagan county,years ago,  explorers found a mass of native copper  sveighing many tons, that had been lifted to stone skids and  partly chiseled  asvay.    The finders  had evidently intended to  return   later,  and svhy they  did not���svhat cataclysm   had deterred  them���is an interesting-question for the  archaeologist.   Their   tools,   hardened  by a process that is one of the lost arts,  are found scattered  all  over the northern and eastern portions of the United  States, aw! are supposed  to have come  from their Ontonagan county pits.  The lake copper region has more and  deeper  shafts  than any  other mining  district, of  its  size  on earth.    What   is  more, it is evident   that it can continue-  as the region   of  deepest   shafts for all  time to   come, on   account of  the coldness of the rocks, if for no other reason.  At a mill! underground  mining in   this  region    is   not   uncomfortable,,  with   a  temperature at  85   degrees, and it will  be but a short while till mining at  the  depth of a mile and a half has been settled, for   the.   Tamarack    is   sinking a  shaft to nearly  that  depth     Calumet's  Red Jacket shaft is !,!wfect deep, ver-  fherc are two others svithin  { half a mile  of  it  and  reaching  to the  ! same, lode, that are more than 4,(>U0 feet  I deep.    There is an   incline shaft in Calumet territory that   is   5,o7o  feet deep,  | but it. does not reach to   such a vertical  depth  as   others.    There   are   several  other shafts   in  the  region  more than  :!.'>;.>!.>  feet   deep.    To   mine,  from  such  depths it is necessary that  the hoisting  machinery shall have great posver  and  speed, for it svould tax  a large plant to  handle the wire rope/done that reaches  a  mile down, not   to   mention ten-ton'  ski]) loads of rock.    But suclv are these  hoists that they rise at the rate of 60 feet  a second.  consider necessary, they are made pro  per by the magnitude of the questions  involved and the importance of the undertaking. Calumet and Hecla has  been criticized much because of its  costly experiments and the expensive  machinery thrown away. But there  has been, in the case of this mine, no  data to assist and no leader to follow.  It has been forced to plan its osvn svay,  and on a magnificent scale. Stockholders who receive yearly $100 on an investment of $25 have no cause to complain if the operations that bring about  this result are gigantic and to their  minds costly.  There are no other such machinery  plants to be found among mines as are  grouped around Portage lake.   It will  be interesting to give the figures of one.  This company has a total hoisting capacity of 35,800 horseposver,  much of  svhich is in relays in case of accident; it  has  a   pumping-    capacity,   including  everything, of 135,000,000 gallons per  day, not to speak of 4S,000,000 gallons  of svater and 4,000 tons of sand at the  sandwheels.   It has  hoisting drums of  ���20 and 25 feet diameter, svinding cable  at the rate of 60 feet per second.   Its  daily output of rock at the present time  is supposed to be in the neighborhood of  8,000 to 9,000 tons.  Many of the nesvest properties of the  region are being  opened svith lavish  and yet careful  expenditure of money,  and svhat funds supplied almost without  limit   can   do   in   one year   has   been  shosvn in the development of the Arcadian mine,   a property   lying-   on the  shares of Portage lake, close to the old  and   noted   Quincy.    When    the   new  company took up this antiquated and  long-abandoned mine, it svas found to  have a shaft about 100 feet deep, caved  in and filled  svith  svater: it  had a few  rotting buildings, and a brush-covered  and desolate locations.    One .year later  there svas room  underground  for 1,000  men, and that number  svas at  svork in  some three, miles of levels and drifts.  Tsvo hundred buildings had been erected in a settlement of graded streets and  comfortable surroundings:  three great  steel shaft houses svere built; shops and  mine   buildings;   engine,   boiler,   and  compressor houses   svere  under  way,  together   svith   all   the   multitudinous  structures required   for  a  great mine.  Some  six   miles   distant   there ssras a  great steel stamp mill containing capa-  indirectly supported by one industry.  The monthly payroll of one mining  company is $325,000 or more. There  are public libraries, hospitals���some of  them free to employees���clubs, sick  benefits, and accommodations that no  other mining country in the world affords. Great as have been present results at these copper mines and vast as  is the industry today, there is no reason  svhy this should be the climax. Indeed,  all signs point to a far greater activity  in the future. The old fields will extend, new fields will open, present records will be surpassed.  Heated with   Hot Air and  Lighted by Electricity  Large, comfortable bedrooms and first-class dining room.        Sample rooms  for commercial men RATES, $2 PER DAY  MRS. E. C. CLARKE, Prop., Late of the Royal Hotel Calgary.  _____^__ Baker St., Nelson, B. C.  ���   A.  NELSON.  Carrv a complete stock of  FURNITURE  and solicit orders from any part of the province.     Write for prices.  FEED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings always on hand.  f WAOOS BROS I  �� PHOTOGRAPHERS $  VANCOUVER and NELSON,  B.C.  that waken  everything but  The Dead.  At E. M. BRINDLE'S,  New Denver.  DR. MILLOY,  DENTIST  ROSSLAND.  California  WineCo.,.  .���- -NELSON, B.C.  Wholesale  Dealers i  Choice Wines  and Fragrant  Cigar:  Write for Prices.  Our Stock is the Largest in Kootenay  OUR CORSET DEPARTMENT  IS  UP-TO-DATE  IN  ALL  STYLES   AND  PRICES.  Irvine & Co.,  NELSON, B. C.;  MILLINERY���ALL THE  LATEST    STYLES   AT  LOWEST  PRICES.  Why send East for your Dry Goods when you can purchase from us and have them by next day's mail, at  prices AS LOW, IF NOT LOWER, than the Departmental Stores of the East? We have one of the  largest stocks in all departments in the West���Buttons, Sheetings, Linens, Dress Goods, Silks, White-  Costumes, Carpets, Floor Oilcloths, Linoleums, Curtains,  Write for Samples and Our Prices.  wear, Corsets,  Gloves,   Ready-made Shirts,  Window Shades, Etc.  SOLE AGENTS FOR  BIJTTERICK PATERNS,  THE ONLY RELIABLE.  Fred. Irvine & Co.,  NELSON, B. C.  9  MEN'S    FURNISHINGS  A SPECIALTY.  If you want good, clean  Groceries ���. Staple and  Fancy ��� you can't do  better than to buy them  AT HOBEN'S  Mail orders.  New Denver, B. C.  Furnishes accommodations  to the traveling public  equal to any on Slocun  Lake. Comfortable beds  and tasty meals. The best  brands of liquors and  cigars on the market.  THE GATEWAY CITY AND DISTRIBUTING  POINT FOR THE BOUNDAIl\  COUNTRY.  Grand opportunity for investments in Real  Estate, Fruit and Vegetable Farms, etc.  For information address���  J. A, SMITH.  TH0S. LAKE, Prop;  -the best in the land.    Correspond-  Brewers. of Fine Lager Beer and Porter-  ���   spiicifced.   Address������'   ���> '    ,v  i     V      *��� --.? ; It&EISTJERER & CO., Nelson,B.C.


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