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The Ledge Jan 4, 1900

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Array Volume VII.   No   14.  NEW DENVER, B. C, JANUARY 4, 1900.  Price, $2 00 Year  SLOGAN GA/nP NEWS  LOCAL   CHIT-CHAT.  The Provincial Legislature meets at  Victoria today.  A social dance was given in the Bosun hall, Monday night.  The Miners' Union ball at Sandon,  Monday, was a huge success.  The new year was ushered in with a  perfect pandemonium of noises.  Sandon curlers have chosen their  rinks and got down to business.  The Quadrille Club's dance, last  Thursday, was a record breaker.  Geo. McDonald and bride returned to  Sandon on Saturday from their honeymoon.  Mrs. Amos Thompson spent several  days in Slocan City this week, visiting  friends.  E. Angrignon, J. Williams land F.  Pyman were elected firewardens on  Tuesday.  Mrs. C. Wright, of Nelson, was visiting her numerous friends in town during the week.  Brinsley M. Walton, of Sandon, has  been married to Miss A. C. Raymo, of  Wateiloo, Ont  Rev. Mr. Duncan will conduct divine  ���service at the Presbyterian church next  Sunday morning. ���'...  Local sharpshooters were somewhat  outclassed in the turkey contest at Silverton New Year's day. _  Constable Ackers, of Slocan City, has  been stationed here, vice L. R. Forbes,  who has gone to South Africa.  Robert F. Green, M. P. P. for tin Slocan; left on Monday for Victoria to attend the opening of the House.  Alex. McPherson has sold his interest  in the dray business to Harry Ewar,and  has gone to Cariboo .on business.  Services will be held in Stephen's  church next Sunday, both morning and  evening.   Rev. C. F. Yates, pastor.  Miss Ethel Williamson left Friday on  a visit to Toronto. Mrs. W. Anderson  departed the same day for Manitoba  points.  After the return of the boat from Rose-'  bery Monday morning, the band enlivened the day with its strains of harmony and hilarity.  S. Hinchliffe, of Port Guichon, B. C,  made a business trip through the camp  during the week. He has property  holdings on several creeks.  Mrs. J. K. Clark is lying ill at Spokane, and her husband has gone to attend her. She was on her way to Mon'  tana to spend t he holidays when stricken  ���down.  DO   SOMETHING.  The holiday season is over and the war  in the Transvaal goes slowly on;   also  the war between miner and manager in  the Slocan.    Both are becoming mighty  tiresome, and if something is not soon  done to dispell this pouting inactivity  steps should be taken   to   remove the  cause.   The interests of the district are  more important than the interests   of  either the mine managers association or  the minerB union, and one should  not  force issues that are detrimental to the  district's interests any more than  the  other.   The Ledge has all along favored  the miners in the issue forced upon us  by the managers in their effort to reduce  wages.   It favors them etill,  and will  ever do so, but, like all reasonable people, it fails to see the   reason for this  dilly-dallying business.   A whole month  has been wasted since the managers submitted their proposition. It should have  been accepted or rejected three weeks  ago.   If the Union is not responsible for  the delay, the public should   be made  aware of it by a statement to that effect.  As it is, the Union appears to be playing  into the hands of the managers.  COMPARISONS   ARE   ODIOUS.  Rossland's metal output for the past  year was of flattering tonnage, but low  returns. The output from the Slocan  was of low tonnage but flattering returns.  Rossland's total ore output was 183,058  tons, the average value of which was $18  per ton, or $3,305,044 in all. The output  from the Slocan for the six months ending June 30th, '99, was 15,400 tons.  Since June 30th, (the months during  which the heavy shipments are usually  made) the shut-down of all the big shippers cut the shipments down to 4,400  tons. Thus the total shipments of the  year were reduced to 19,400. The value  ot this ore is estimated at $1,700,000.  In other words, with a tonnage of less  than one-ninth as heavy as that of Ross-  land the returns were more than half as  great.    HAKTNEY    PAYMENT   MADE.  NO   EJECTION   THIS   YEAR.  "All election  agitation  should cease,  and not be resumed before the spring of  1901."   This   is   the   way   Sir Wilfred  Laurier tells the faithful  readers of his  Quebec organ  that no appeal will be  made to the people   at   present.     Mr.  Pacaud, after having, so it is stated, interviewed the Prime Minister, wrote an  article for Le Soleil, headed, "there will  be no general   election."     The article  continues, "We have every reason to believe that the  Federal Government has  no intention of bringing on  the general  election just now.     The   term   of the  present Parliament will not expire till  August, 1901, or 19 months hence, and  there is no   reason either of public or  party import why a dissolution should  take place before the legal expiration of  the parliament term.   Canada is not en-  gaeed in any diplomatic or other conflict  with the outside world that necessitates  an appeal to the people.    There is,  of  course, the question of sending a military contingent to South Africa, and of  the unexpected expense which it entails,  but public sentiment has  manifested itself with so much  unanimity and force  that it would be foolish to question the  will of the people.   It will be necessary  to call the House together to legalize the  expenditure,   but what party   interest  would be served by bringing on an election now?"  SLOCAN   MINERAL   FLOAT.  working  on the Noble  Ten men are  Five.  Work is to be started up on the Hillside.  The Ajax gave a new contract last  week for 300 feet of tunneling.  There are 14 men working on the  Florida. Ore is being taken out for  shipment.  George W. Hughes is in Montreal on  mining business. His bankroll will be  heavier for the trip.  Ei-nest Mansfield is going to New  Zealand on behalf of European capital,  to acquire several miles of dredging concessions.  The estimated output from the Slocan  mines for 1899 is valued at $1,700,000.  It would have reached the $5,000,000 if  the labor trouble had not been forced  On Tuesday the first payment on the  Hartney bond was made through the  Bank of Montreal here. It consisted of  five per cent, and amounted to a tidy  sum. The next payment, of ten per  cent., falls due on February 1. At the  mine things are in good shape, there  beihg a fair showing of ore in the main  drift. In the lower tunnel the vein is  just beginning to make its appearance,  at a distance of 70 feet. Upwards of a  carload of ore is lying on the dump,  with eight tons or so sacked up for  shipment. Ten men are at present em  ployed.   SETTLEMENT NOT EFFECTED.  The labor situation in the Slocan still  hangs lire, and it has not yet reached a  definite solution. No meeting of the  mine owners was held last week, owing  to lack of a quorum, consequently  nothing could be done to the miners' reply to the compromise offer. It is generally understood that the men have  withdrawn certain restrictive provisos  to their counter offer, and that the way  is open for a speedy settlement. The  majority of the men appear to be anxious to {ret to work.  From the Veldt.  Doomed Paul: "Jouby, have you heard  how the war is going in Nelson?"  Joubert: "Well-1-1 we-e know ver'  1-e-e-ttle about  it.     Ze   last deespatch  ZINC   MINING   GOOD.  The Province of Ontario has decided  on a, new policy with relation to the  nickel mines of Sudbury'and the adjacent region. Hereafter no grants of  nickel-beariu�� property will be made,  except on the condition that the ores  obtained shall be worked and the nickel  converted into metallic form and refined  in the province. Moreover, the Dominion Government has imposed the export duty on nickel ores and matte  which was authorized by parliament  last year, although the levying1 of the  duty was left to the discretion of the  government. This action has been  urged for some time by parties who  have always resented the fact that the  Sudbury ores were simply reduced into  matte at the mines, the refining being  done in the United States or in England. The condition required applies,  of conrse; only to future grants, and  does not affect the mines already owned  and worked by the two American companies aud the English refiners; but the  export duty will probably make some  change in their plans, and perhaps require the removal of their refining  works to Canadian territory.  There has b*en great activity lately  in the Sudbury district, and nickel properties are in demand, while those readily accessible from the railroad are for  the most part taken up. The principal  buyer lately has been the Mond Syndicate, which ships the ores and matte  from its mines to England for treatment  and refining by the Mond process. The  mines or claims near the railroad have  been generally taken up, and those in  the hands of prospectors or locators are  held at high prices.  Idaho's Mineral Production.  VICTIM   OF    MISMANAGEMENT.  Mismanagement has caused numerous wrecks among the British mining  companies operating in this province.  Particularly has this been the case during the past two years���years that have  witnessed some of the greatest blows  yet experienced by the mining industry. No one part of the province has  had a monopoly of these fizzles, but all  sections have tasted of the bitter fruits  of culpable negligence, ignorance and  lack of experience. Hordes of officials,  flunkeys, and general staff above  ground have caused the needless expenditure of hundreds of thousands of  dollars for unearned salaries and useless  buildings. A small percentage of the  money thus wasted, if expended on the  development of the property, in many  cases, would have obviated these failures. It is a striking commentary upon  the gullibility of the British investing  public.  The most glaring of recent failures  has been the Tangier mine at Albert  Canyon, of which the Rovelstoke Herald  remarked: "The shut down of the Tangier mine, at AlbertCanyon, which has  been working 25 or 30 men all summer,  has been announced. Something has  been learned about the methods employed in opening up the property,  which, to say the least, appear to have  been very ill-advised, and have in consequence produced results far from satisfactory. Less than a year ago shaft  sinking was commenced on the property  and a hole sunk below the creek level  *^m&3&S?��&&38!88!8eiB&8i&  ENTHUSIASTIC   SEND.OFF.  BILL'S   LUCK.  About the happiest man in ten hemis  pheres was Lestock R.  Forbes when he A Chicago hotel manager employed a  received orders by wire on Saturday to handy man by the name of "BiU" to do  report at Calgary for service   in South his window washing. One morning Bill,  Afriea with the Canadian mounted contingent. Mr. Forbes had done everything in his power for some weeks past  to force his selection, and it is no doubt  due to his persistency that he was chosen.  He is well fitted for service, in physique,  intellect and training, and will no doubt  distinguish himself in action. The second Canadian contengent will be mounted, and will fill about the game capacity  in South Africa as the Rough Riders did  in the Spanish-American war. It will  be nuade up entirely of men who have  seen service in the North-West mounted  police.  The reception of the good news by Mr.  Forbes was followed by the hearty congratulation of his host of New Denver  friends. His first duty after receipt of  the order was to send a cable to his  mother telling of his good fortune. He  then prepared to leave, getting away on  Monday morning. Sunday a movement  was quietly set on foot by his friends to  raise a purse to give him on his departure, to show him in a substantial way  that while they regretted his departure  from the town, they nevertheless appre-  about 60 or 65 feet.   Enough timber to  ciated the honor that had been paid him  make 100 feet was built oh top of this  (the timber part being filled around  with waste) and the shaft called 100  feet underground. Levels to the extent of 800 or 900 feet were run in all  directions from the bottom of this pit  and 815,000 or ��20,000 spent without any  results. Gopher holing at the grass  roots is hardly the way to make a mine,  and intelligent miners who are familiar  with the situation at the Tangier are at  a loss to understand why a considerable  portion of the large expenditure al.  ready made was not spent in sinking  instead of useless work, which leaves  the company, as far as the mine is concerned, in practically the same position  as when it commenced operations. The  Tangier company, so its miners state,  is a good outfit, and intend to do what  is right, but it appears to be like so  many other English mining companies,  the victim of mismanagement in the  practical work of development. However, it is to be hoped that the company  will not be discouraged to the quitting  point by the unsatisfactory showing of  the past year's work, but will resume  operations in the near future with some  one at the head of affairs at the mine  who can properly develop the property."  and the community in his selection, and  shared with him the happiness felt in  his good fortune. In less than five hours  something like $200 was raise. Of this  about $75 was given by Silverton citizens  who were equally anxious to show their  good will and appreciation.  At 8 o'clock Monday morning when  the ss. Slocan arrived from down the  lake, a crowd of 200 people had gathered  at the wharf, and the band was out in  full force. No "warrior bold" ever got a  more hearty, spontaneous send off than  was given Mr. Forbes. The band, together with a large proportion of the  crowd, accompanied him as far as Rose-  bery where, in the presence of his cheering friends the "long green roll" was  given him with the compliments of the  season and the earnest wishes of all for  a safe voyage.  She Used Glasses.  During the recent  Why They Wept.  The total production of metals in  Idaho for the year just closed is estimated at ��13,623,448, divided as follows:  Gold. $2,500,000; silver, $6,103,028; lead,  $1,960,110; copper, $(50,000. The gold  production increased from $1,895,566 in  1898. The production of silver and lead  was seriously interfered with by the disturbances.in the Cajur d'Alenes in the  early summer. The total of all metals  for the year is practically the same as  last year.  KoRsland's Output.  Dean Hole recently told a capital  story of two Indians dining in England  for the first time,when one of them took  a spoonful of mustard, which brought  tears to his eyes.   The other said:  "Brother, why weepest thou?" and he  replied:  "I weep for my father who was slain  in battle," and he passed the mustard.  The other then took a spoonful, and he  had a tear trickling down his cheek.  Said the first Indian:  "Why wee.pest thou?" and he then replied:  "I weep because thou wast not slain  with thv father."  sav zat ze Miner make a sortie on Hous-  upon this division_ by the managers of  ton and lose some gas.    Smooth  Frank  is well-1-1  forteefied wiz ze   Scotch  mines in other divisions.  Rene Laudi, representative of the  French syndicate operating at the head  of Ten Mile,has purchased 38,000 shares  in the Joker group, paying $76,000. It  was practically a cash deal, and was  put through by Ernest Mansfield.'  Williams starts the new year with a  choice stock of candy. Do not let it  melt away before your eyes. Get in  and buy a few pounds.'    ���  in  front and ze soda on ze flank. Ze big  fight come off nex' week. Houston is  sawing ze wood, while Frank is distributing ze soft soap.. He try to make ze  peeople tink dat he got an ace in zehole.  Ze peeople tint he got a deuce,- and dat  when ze bal-lot spread out. ze hands  Fletcher will have to show ze deuce,  while ze other feller takes ze pot wiz ze  biggest flush ever seen in ze only street  car City of 'Kootenay." ���:-  Rossland did not have to contend with  the difficulties resulting from the labor  trouble, and as a result that camp made  rapid advancement in 1899. The shipments from the camp for the year aggregate 183,058 tons, as against. 116,697 tons  in 1898. Of this amount the Le Roi  shipped 94,117 tons, the War Eaple 64,-  508, and the Centre Star 16,795v- The  balance was made up of small shipments  from ten other properties.  Ghent, in Belgium, is built on 26 islands, which are connected by eighty  bridges. '  INT 15RESTING    CONCKNTKATK S.  Night pays dew respect to day,  Pay the printer and be honored.  Make a resolution to buy fruit and  confectionery from Nesbitt.  There are more persons over 60 years  of age in France than in any other of  the countries of Europe. Ireland comes  next.  The winter is mild and so are some of  the cigars that Williams sell. He has  others that will suit the smoker who  desires strength with a delicate aroma.  The moBt costly piece of railway line  in the world ! is probably that between  tho Mansion House and . Aldgate sta-  tions", in London, which -required the  expenditure of close upon $10,000,000 a.  mile.  war a certain Illinois regiment was camping on one of  the small islands south of Key Wrest.  The island was only about a mile in  width. The colonel of the regiment,  whose wife had insisted upon accompanying- him, had his tent pitched in the  centre. On one side of the island were  tali cliffs, and on the other a beach.  One day, while the colonel was resting comfortably in a hammock, his wife  came to him and said:  "John, you must issue orders to have  those horrid men bathe on the other  side of the island."  "But, my dear," said the colonel,  "they can't bathe over there. It is  impossible because of the cliffs. Anyway, you cannot see them where they  are, now, as it is fully half a mile or  more away "  "I know that," replied his wife, "bin  I can see them with a field class."  A Matrimonial Advertiaemeiit.  The following matrimonial advertisement hails from Dakota:  "Lovers, Take Notice���On and after  this date, I will present an elegant  chronio, a parlor lamp, or a glass water  set to all bridal couples married by me.  All marrying done in the most artistic  way, either in private or public. Runaway couples married at any hour of the  day or night, and pursuers thrown off  the scent. Reduced rates to those 1  have married before. A red lantern  hangs in front of my door, on Prairie  street, at night. No dog kept. Night  bell directly under the lantern.���Moses  D'odd, J.P."  SITUATION    WANTED.  ��� A thoroughly competent assayer  seeks a position. Has a Government  Certificate. Address, W. G. Watson,  Vancouver, B. C.  instead of doing his work, was amusing  himself by reading the newspaper, and,  as bad luck would have it, the manager  looked in.  "What's this?" he said. Bill was  dumfounded. "Pack up your things and  go," said the manager.  So poor Bill went to the office, drew  the money that was owing to him, and  then went upstairs and put on his good  clothes. Coming down he went to say  good-bye to some of the other servants,  and there he happened to run across the  manager, who did not recognize him in  his black coat.  "Do you want a job?" asked the manager.  "Yes, sir," said Bill.  "Can you clean windows?"  "Yes, sir."  "You look a handy sort of a fellow. I  only gave the; last I man $5, but I will  give you.$7."  "Thank you, sir," said Bill; and in  half an hour he was back in the same  old room���cleaning the window this  time and not reading the paper.  Minerals in the Philippines.  In a -report to the interior department  on the g'eology of the Philippine islands  George F. Becker, of the United States  Geological Survey, gives some interesting information regarding the mineral  resources of the group.   Mr.   Becker  says that while  gold   exists   in both  Luzon and Mindinao,  it is comparable  rather to that of the Carolinas and Virginia than to the western gold fields of  the United States,  and a  rush to  the  Philippine fields would, he predicts, result  in   disappointment.    The   report  says "the copper deposits of Lepanto  seem rich and extensive, but very expensive roads will be needed to render  them available.   The high quality  of  some of the iron ores of Luzon is beyond question,  but the lignite of the  islands is not adapted to iron smelting.  The so-called coal is a good lignite.  Its  heating   effect   is   from   two-thirds to  three-quarters of that of the best steaming coal.   There are great quantities of  this fuel, and much of it will probably  be delivered at a profit on vessels at  $2.50 Mexican ton."  SLOCAN   ORE   SHIPMENTS.  Total shipped July 1 to Dec. 31, 1898,  17,994  Jan. 1,  tons.  1900:  January   1st,    1899,   to  Week  Payne    Last Chance   Slocan Star   Sapphire   Coin   Ajax    Sovereign   Reco   Ivanhoe   Treasure Vault   Red Fox   Trade Dollar   Liberty Hill   Madison   Wonderful   American Boy   Noble  Five   Idaho Mines   Queen Bess   wild Goose   Monitor    Whitewater   Jack.��on   Hillside   Bell   Wellington   Antoine   Rambler   Native Silver  Bell.  Dardanelles   Great Western   Florida   Busiiii   Marion   Cfipella   Mollie Huurh.es   Fidelity.-   Vancouver   Wakefield   Emily Edith   Comstock   Noonday   Enterprise   Tamarnc   Black Prince   Chapleau   Total  5,437  2,245  548  33  18  40  20  180  119  113  14  50  t  11  20  48  45  840  1,441  15  260  2,343  874  1  05  11  650  619  48  100  48  30  5S0  20  3  30  3  320  5S0  60  120  (510  710  2'��  35  15  Total tons.  19,423  Subscribe for The Ledge before it is  too late. The circulation is limited to  a million, and when that point is reached our books will be closed.  The Dominion go%rernment will spend  $25,000 on a dredge and dredging of the  Narrows near Burton City. The dredge  will likely be built at Nakusp, and Pat  Gallagher goes this week to superintend  the commencement of the work. THE LEDOE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 4,  1900.  Seventh Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months ....' �� .75  Six "  1.25  Twelve  " 2.00  Three yeaks  5.00  Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line first in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Cjrrespondence from every partof the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot. and we will do the rest.  A pencil cross in this square  indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor  wishes once again 'to look at  your collateral.  THURSDAY,  JANUARY 4.  1900.  SCKAPs FROM THE  EDITOR'S I)KSK.  Canada Deeds a mint, and it should  be built at New Denver.  John L. Sullivan quit drinking- six  months ago, and now he is broke.  Whiskey is $5 a pint in Ladysmith,  which proves that though beseiged  the people still keep their spirits up.  Four banks in Europe control the  monetary market. Any one of them  can make or break a nation in ten  words. They are controlled by Jews,  and it is to them no doubt that silver  money owes its degeneration.  The St. Petersburg Sviet sees in  the. recent disasters to the British  arms manifestations of the Almighty.  When the British turn the tables on  the Boers later on, the Sviet will  probably see in this manifestations of  the devil.  nation bows its head in grief, he harvests the crop. As he counts his  millions he must often laugh at how  willingly the British soldier goes up  against the worst of it, principally for  his benefit. Brave Tommy Atkins!  Your name is legion, but you are  selfish. Why do you not give the  men with the gold a chance to pump  lead into the enemy wl-ile you stay  at home with your family and drink  extra dry ? Do not monopolize the  fighting. Give the men who profit  by it a chance. There is nothing  like generosity.  FENIANS, STAY AWAY  The bubonic plague has arrived at  the Sandwich Islands. If it gets into  Canada the growing will be changed  to planting time. It is more to be  feared than war, and any Chinaman  is liable to introduce it to British  Columbia people.  We have often thought that Kaslo's  paper was an eighteenth century  publication, and our suspicion has  been confirmed by the following  paragraph it contained last week. It  says: "With this, the last issue of the  eighteenth century, the Kootenaian  wishes its readers prosperity and long  life."   The antics of the Sandon Review  are very funny. It is trying to prove  its friendship for the workingmen of  the Slocan by explaining that what  it has said it didn't mean to say, and  what it meant to say months ago its  going to say some time in the future���  if the earth hangs together long  enough.    The surest way for the mine managers to prevent the possibility of any  legislation being enacted looking to  the repeal or even modification of the  8-hour law, would be for them to continue their past folly. They will be  in no position to ask for any legislation if they do not give the law a  fair trial.  War breeds war much the same  as one jag will beget others in the  same camp. We have just heard  that the Japs will fight Russia to a  red finale, in the spring. We do not  think much of this report as we are  so accustomed to booms that are to  to come in the spring. It is also  whispered along the thin green line  that runs through the United States  that the Fenians will again attempt  to take Canada. They must think  we are easy, or else their knowledge  of this glorious country ot ours���and  the C. P. 11��� is exceedingly limited.  We warn the Fenians to keep their  crazy souls out of this Dominion if  they have any regard for their  health. Do not be misled by foolish  agitators into making a raid upon our  fair land. If you do you will run up  against a storm of lead that will  whiten your whiskey-tinted faces,  and make you all of the same name,  "Dinnis."  And thus does the war talk go on  and no one knows where it will end.  We would not be surprised at any  time to learn that the Salvation Army  was fighting the devil in Sandon,  or that the green-eyed brigands of  Silverton had swooped down upon  New Denver and put everything to  sleep in the only Lucerne of North  America.  agreement, three known experts  must report that there is twice the  value of ore in sight of the price  asked for the property."  Mr. Mackintosh was ever flush with  promises, and could always make  things look well on paper, but when  he promises to sell a mine for one-  half what it is worth he makes himself funny. As is stated by the Mining Record, "To buy a mine for half  the value of the ore in sight is in  North America an impossibility; to  sell it for the value of half the ore in  sight would be the rankest folly. Besides which, the clause in the agreement rendering it necessary to secure the unanimity of three well-  known experts on any given subject,  let alone ore in sight, is imprimis a  bar upon this syndicate's doing any  business at all. No three experts  have ever been known to agree on  anything, and the better known they  are the more their opinions seem to  differ."  *** **��� *** *-J*-*1i^iiTlhi*h'Hffit-"h^ii,iT'|llW11I|-  nHhTHhifcJ^a  oae  ootr  Established  1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    : 1,102,792,72  HEAD   OFFICE,    MONTREAL.  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona a.id Mount Rofal, G.QM.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummono, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  Branches ia  the United States.  Denver branch  E. PITT, Manager  :::??!Z^!IE!!^^  naarw  PAST   OltDINAUY   UNDKUS'J'AN DIN'CJ.  SEASON    OF   RESOLUTIONS.  This is a week of suffering.    It is  the week in which thousands of people make an effort, by  making resolutions, to burst the chains of habit  that bind them to various forms.of  evil.   The pike that leads to hell is  littered with all kinds of good resolutions, hence it is better not to resolute,  The majority of people who attempt  to reform by swearing off bad habits  seldom   keep their oaths a month,  and when they return  to their evil  habits they sink deeper   in the mire  of vice than ever before.     For this  reason it is not  advisable to make  any vows as to your future career.  If you wish to quit an evil habit, quit,  but do not resolve.     By following  this course you can look   back at the  end of the year and not exclaim as  the actor in the play of the Silver  King, "Oh, God; turn back thy universe, and give me yesterday."  We have some wonderful laws in  the silvery west. Their workings  puzzle fc'-e plebian mind. For instance a man can work underground  in a railroad tunnel as lon�� as he  wishes without being fined, but if he  labors longer than eight hours in a  mine tunnel he is subject to a fine.  All other labor in the province is free  as to time limit, and yet people exclaim, "consistency, thou art a diamond!"  A man in search of an easy living  can run i draw poker game with a  rake-off, and the law will never put  the lights out, If the man deals faro,  stud poker or roulette he never knows  the hour when the noble police of B.  C. will break in and make his life  miserable by fines or imprisonment.  No wonder the people exclaim, "consistency, thou art a peach !"  If a woman, whose sexual attractions are above price, rents a house,  puts up curtains of a modest color and  retails boozerino at a bit a drink,  without a license, she is immediately  brought before the Beak, fined and  driven out of business. Tnus does  virtue get its reward. If a woman  fits up a ma nsion or a shask in a  gaudy manner, flaunts the red curtain and announces to the camp that  she has easy virtue at the standard  price, she can sell all the liquor.she  wants to without a license at two-bits  a drink, and the police will pass her  by; as ".hough she were not in existence. ;Thus does vice reign rm-  preme to justice, and we do not wonder at the crowd shouting, "consistency, thou art a lulu!"  The Nelson Miner  has refused   to  accept (what it claims to be, at least,)  certain   conditions    laid    down   by  the Miner's Union in its acceptance of  the   compromise   submitted   by the  managers.    Fortunately   the Slocan  labor trouble is not going to be settled  by the Nelson   Miner.     When  the  Slocan mine managers get ready to  consider the Union's counter proposition they will do so without asking the  Nelson pap.-.r to .hear the case.    As it  is, the managers have not yet met to  give their answer to the.Union; when  they do, the Union will  not, we are  informed,   insist  upon  any trouble-  breeding provisions.     A great deal  has been said abiut.'the Union proposition, but the loud-mouthed agitation  has no foundation, for the provisions  of the proposition have not been made  public, and no one is in a  position to  say what they are.  O'Rafferty���Tvras a sad blow thot l>2-  fell Cassidy.   Did ye not hear?  McGiiniis���Sorra th' word av tit.  "Sure, he's dead. Sthruck be liglit-  nin', lie was."  "Oh, my! Oh, my! But I'm not surprised. Faith, he had a sickly look the  lasht toime I seen*him.--  interest one  remarked  "Can't I  "This room is very close,'  the guest to the head waiter,  have a little fresh air ?"  "One air!'' veiled the obliging waiter  "Fresh."  At this time of the year wj ureall  more or less on the look out for the best  place to purchase our winter wear.  Some are more fanciful than others and  want the very best qualities. For our  part we always advocate that the best'  is the cheapest in the end���especially  so with Underwear���but be this as it  may, we can suit the most fastidious.  Ladies' fine Woollen  Underwear, per suit $1.60  Gents' line Woollen Underwear,  Ribbed and plain, all sizes. <Q.t     Kf\     <��0     <ifcO    K iTY  per suit tfer vl.OU,   <&A9   ��A.Q\J9  Gloves and Mitts, both Ladies' and  Gents', in any quality and price, from  the wool at 25c, to the Mocha with silk  lining at S2.25..  Ladies' and Gents' Cashmere and  Woolen Hose, 35c, 40c, 50c, 60c a pair  Men's heavy weight Black Mac-1  kinaw Suits, $7.50���splendid value.  Men's and Boys'Woollen Sweatei's,  Red, Black, Hether, Green.  Rubbers and Manitobas, in sizes  for Men, Women and Children.  Lumberman's 2-buckle Blizzard  and Yukon lace���also Hip and Knee  Boots.  F.  W. JORDAN & CO., Nakusp  "MORIS TRUTH THAN POETRY.  General Charles Warren has gone  to the front in South Africa. This  surely cannot be our friend Warren,  of Butte. He who was with Sherman to the sea, and afterwards subdued the Indians in Montana. As we  have not heard of the General lately  he might have slipped away and enlisted. Still, we feel certain he is  around Rossland or Sumpter, looking  at the kopjes for the footprints ot the  yellow god of commerce..  Since the frost came between the  Boers and English we have discovered that in the Slocan there are  over 100 men who could give Boiler  pointers on military tactics. It is  just like the newspaper business.  Every fellow looking on thinks he  could do it better than the man behind the gun or pen. Never mind  them, Buller: Stay with the game  and if you cannot flood the kopjes  with enough of hell touch the wire to  us at New Denver and we will ship  you our bull dog and a carload of  rough riders who will get to Lady-  smith in no time, or decorate the pike  ���with their cold remains.  AFTER    THE    WAR.  After the war sounds are all hushed  and the blood has dried on the veldt,  who will get the profit? "Will it be  Tommy Atkins? Oh, no; not on your  dum dum. The gold kings of Europe  will get the benefit, while Tommy  will probably get thanks, and the  officers a few more epaulets. The  yellow god of commerce does not  smile on the sons of Mars to any  alarming extent. When the roar of  cannon has ceased, and the dead are  planted in the formation the man of  gold comes into the open and while a  A man may write a good story,  and yet be unable to write poetry.  Billy Eraser, as we always call him,  belongs to this class. He has conceit  enough to tackle anything, but if the  Toronto Star man is not wrong, his  poetry lacks the divine touch that all  poems must have if they would thrill  the human soul. Here is what the  Star critic says:  "Who is the Canadian Kipling?  Before Charles Lewis Shaw went  away to write war copy in South  Africa, he had staked out a claim to  the title and the claim was pretty  well recognized by the authorities.  However, since Mr. Shaw's departure  a new aspirant has arisen. Mr. W.  A. Fraser is being introduced at the  clubs as the Canadian analogue of the  great Rudyard and up to date he has  not denied it. If imitation of Kipling  constitutes any claim, Mr. Fraser has  a lead-pipe cinch. He even writes  poetry, to carry out the illusion, and  sings the British Lion and other ferocious entities which Mr. Kipling saw  first.  The Queen is torn with grief,  The British losses craze her;  She'd suffer worse  If she saw the verse  Of Mr. William Fraser."  The Holiday season is over. We are now preparing* to  offer big, every-day inducements, to onr steady, every-day  trade. Will make note of some special "drives" next week.  In the meantime, yon know where to find us.  y  \ZdT  tC and  IA��'cOsbiruxxi c$c Co.?  SLOCAN CITY, B. C.  SHEER    NONSENSE.  passage  eastern  The following report of a  in an interview which an  paper has with Mr. Mackintosh, ex-  governor ot the Northwest Territories,  shows what nonsense a man of prominence can talk without being considered silly:  "You are at the head of what is  known as the Mackintosh syndicate?"  "Yes, but we take all responsibility  of developing a property before asking anyone to buy it, or advising the  public to invest, and by articles of  You will wink and blink vour life and  nervous energy away rather than wear  glasses. Will you force your eyes to  overwork; neglect them when they cry  for help; abuse them year after year,  until at middle life you are compelled to  seek aid, perhaps to find your vision impaired beyond entire repair. A little  glass aid at the proper time will save  you a world of trouble, and preserve  your vision for old age when you begin  to rely more and more on printed book  or newspaper for companionship.  Q. W. Grimmett, JewefeNDfN0BPctician'  Heavy and Shelf Hardware.       Jessop's and Canton Drill  Steel.       Stoves, Tin and Granite Ware.  We are handling all kinds of  Blasting, Mining and Sporting Powders.    Also Blacksmith's  Coal.    Lumber, Sash and Doors.  The  Nakusp.  Is a comfortable hotel for travellers  to stop at.  Mrs* McDougald.  General Joubert���Haf ve got any Missouri mules in our artillery?  Aide���No, general.  General Joubert���Yell, ve haf no kick  coming.  BRICK  FOR   SALE.  JOHN   GOETTSCHE,  NEW DENVER.  The Clifton House,  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations fur a largo number of people.     The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything:  in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckley, Prop.  F. L. CHRISTIE, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  SOLICITOR, Etc.   .'  NOTARY PUBLIC.  E^ery Friday ��t Silverton. SANDON, B. 0  NEW DENVER,  Provides ample and pleasant accommodation lor the traveling public.  Telegrams for rooms promptly attended to.  HENRY STEGE, -        - -     * - Proprietor. Seventh Year.  THE LEDG-E, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 4  1900.  ���BOBS.  Lord Roberts of Kandahar,familiarly  known as "Bobs," is on his way to South  Africa to assume command of the British army. Rudyard Kipling thus sizes  him up:���    There's a little red-faced man,  Which is Bobs.  Rides the tallest 'orse 'e can,  Our Bobs.  If it bucks or kicks or rears,  'E can sit for twenty years,  With a smile round both 'is ears���  Can't yer, Bobs?  Then 'ere's to Bobs Bahadur���little Bobs  Bobs, Bobs!  'E's our pukka Kandahader���Fightin'  Bobs,  Bobs, Bobs!  'E's the Dook of Aggy Chel:  'E's the man that done us well,  An' we'll follow 'im to 'ell-  Won't we, Bobs?  If a limber's slipped a trace,  'Ook on Bobs.  If a marker's lost 'is place.  Dress by Bobs.  For 'e's eyes all up 'is coat,  An' a bugle in 'is throat,  An' you will not play the goat  Under Bobs. ���  'E's alittle down on drink,  Chaplain Bobs;  But it keeps us outer Clink���  Don't it, Bobs? ���'���'  . So Ave will not complain  Tho''e's water on the brain,  if 'o leads us straight again��� ���  Blue-light Bobs.  If vou stood,'iin on'is'ead,  Father Bobs,        ;        ''    ",. ���  You could spill a quart o'.lead  Outer Bobs./ '  'E's been at it thirty years,  An'a-niassin'souveneers,  In the way o' slugs an' spears���-���  Ain't yer, Bobs? ,":.,.'  What 'e does hot knowT.o' war,;,: ���        '������  Gen'ral Bobs,     ���'���      '.'   ';..���::  You can arst the shop next door���  Can't they, Bobs?  Oh, 'e's little, but 'e's wise;  'E's a terror for 'is size.  An'���'e���does���not���advertise���  Do yer, Bobs? ���.���'������. "*'���   ��� ''-���'���      "��� '   '  Now they've made a blobmin' lord  Outer Bobs.  Whicli was but 'is fair reward���  Weren't it, Bobs?  An''e'll wear a coronet,.  ].,  Where 'is 'elmet used to s.et,-  But we'know you wonrt forget���  Will yer, Bobs?.  '   '  Then 'ere's to Bob&Bahadur���little Bobs  Bobs, Bobs!  Pocket-Wellin'ton   an' arder���Fightin'  Bobs,  Bobs, Bobs!  This ain't no bloomin' ode.  But you've 'elped the soldier's load,  An' for benefits bestowed,  Bless yer, Bobs!  THE    BOER   RIFLEMAN'S    SONG-  Aii unknown poet, or, at least, one  who is known only by the initials, "L.  J. 0. B.," has written what may be  called just the best poem that the war  in South Africa has inspired yet. The  poem was printed in the Telephone, a  weekly paper printed in Cape Town.  The word "rooi-baatje"usedby the poet  refers to the red-coated British soldier:  Lay my rifle beside me, set my Bible on  my breast,  For a moment let  the wailing bugles  cease;  As the century is closing, I am going to  my rest',  Lord, "lettest thou thy servant go in  peace.  But loud through all the bugles rings a  cadence in my ear,  And on the winds' my hopes of peace  are stowed;  The winds that waft  the voices that already I can hear���  Of the   rooi-baatje   singing   on   the  road.  Yes, the red-coats are returning; I can  hear the steady tramp,  After twenty years of waiting, lulled  to sleep",  i Since rank and  file at  Potchefstroorn  we hemmed them in their camp  And cut them up at Bronkerspruit  like sheep.  They shelled us at Ingogo, but we galloped into range,  And   we   shot   the   British  where they showed;  I guessed they "would return' to us���I  knew the chance must change-  Hark! the rooi-baatje singing on the  road. ���  >. ���  But now from snow-swept Canada,from  i India's torrid plains,      ��� ���������������.���  i    From lone Australian outposts hither  led;  Obeying their commando, as they heard  j       "  the bugle's strains,  1    The men in brown  have joined the  men in red.  |They come to find the colors at Majuba  left and Most;  They come to pay us back the debt  they owed:  (And I hear new voices lifted, and I see  strange colors tossed,  'Mid the "rooi-baatje singing on  the  road.  ItfThe old, old faiths must falter; the old,  old creeds must fall���  I hear it in the distant murmur low���  'The old, old order  changes, and 'tis  vain for us to rail;  The great world  does not want us���  i j we must go.  {And veldt, and spruit, and kopje to the  stranger will belong.  No more the trek before him we shall  lead;  [Too well, too well I know it, for I hear  it in the song  Of   the  rooi-baatje   singing   on   the  road.  the most searching criticism. If true,  it can stand the test, and justify itself  in the eyes of all. If false, it deserves  to perish; and no man should mourn its  downfall. That the marriage system of  today is a conspicuous failure, few careful investigators are prepared to deny.  It has not proved to be a successful solution of the sex question. It is merely  one of many experiments in s.;x relationship which have been made in the  course of centuries by both savage and  civilized peoples. Anthropological research among the more primitive races  reveals the widest divergence of marriage customs and ideas. Monogamy  in its strictest aspect is found in various  tribes. Practical promiscuity is occasionally noted. Some tribes are rigidly  endogamous, others are rigidly exoga-  mous. In some cases, a great deal of  sexual freedom is allowed before marriage, after, whicli absolute constancy is  rigidly enforced. Elsewhere, strict  chastity is demanded up to the point of  marriage, and the widest license tolerated afterwards. In some countries,  incest is regarded as a highly normal  form of sex relationship; in others, it is  ranked among the grosser forms of sexual perversion. These instanc��s,which  might be almost indefinitely multiplied,'  simply prove that in sex, as in every  Other department'of .life, no single and  unvarying standard has been able to  maintain a lasting supremacy over all  others. Here, as elsewhere, the evolutionary principle is constantly, at work  modifying Social customs- in obedience  to economic necessity and to increasing  corn prehension of.lthc.laws of nature.  Many,of bur errors in social philosophy arises from a failure to comprehend  the-principle^ of relativity. ��� Each individual must think and learii for,-himself;''  and many of his lessons must be gained  through personal .experience. In like  manner each generation has its own lessons to learn, not by, a blind adhesion  to the'forms.:of the past, but, by using  the knowledge already attained as a  stepping stone to further attainments.  An institution,, evolving of necessity  from antecedent conditions, meets a  real necessity, and represents the best  possible expression of a given stage of  human development War, slavery,  church, state, feudalism, capitalist industry, and marriage, are all examples  of the same principle. The error, from  which countless miseries have arisen,  lies in holding up those imperfect ex.  pei'iments as permanent factors in human life. When an institution has come  to rest on authority rather than on an  appeal to reason, it is already outgrown;  and its doom, though delayed, is certain. The form may remain, even for  centuries; but the life has gone.  The marriage system of today is condemned already in the forum of reason.  The joint product of temporary economic conditions and blind experimenting1  in days of darkness and mental ignorance, it has been invested with an artificial sanctity by the self-seeking devices of priestcraft, and crystalized into  an authoritarian institution by the invasive decrees of government. Around  it an ibsurd code of morals has gradually clustered. Jealousy, the manifestation of the spirit of ownership and  possession, is considered almost a virtue, instead of what it really is���an unconscious recognition of one's own inferiority, and a vice of the most contemptible nature. Prostitution, so  closely allied to marriage as to have  been called its twin sister, and all other  forms of sexual vice are among the  commonest features of latter-day civilization. 'Hie prevalent unhappiness in  the marriage relation is ascribed to  every source except the true one���the  inherent defect in the institution itself.  The failure is admitted; but its cause is  recognized only by the few who dare  investigate with an unbiased mind'.  Marriage is a failure, because it tends  to substitute contract for love, as a ba-  .sis of sex relationship; because it rests  on authority, rather than on reason; because it ignores all natural laws of development, and attempts to force all individuals into the same mould; because  it establishes arbitrary and artificial  standards of morality; because it is the  stronghold of an unhealthy asceticism-,  born of superstition and priestly domination; because it is the fruitful source of  discord and misery; because it tends to  narrow the range of interests and sympathies; because it constitutes a denial  of individuality, ignoring the fact that,  man or woman is first of all a human  being, and only secondary a related  being; and because it is merely a crude  survival of the past, and out of harmony with advancing human needs.  The remedy? While that is not now  our special theme, I am bound to express my conviction that the only sure  cure lies in the establishment of full  liberty. As the evil has come through  authority, it must be met by the establishment of the opposite principle. Free  men and women��� will find their truest  happiness in creating such ideals of love  and parentage and the home, as will  lead to happiness undreamed of in our  half baked civilization of today. Whether variety or monogamy shall be the  prevailing practice under free conditions, will be determined by the free  choice of individuals, based on the common experience. No true idea has  anything to lose by submitting to comparison with opposing views. The forcible invasion of the right of free  speech, so often witnessed today is evidence that the advocates of marriage  dare not leave their institution to the  test of its intrinsic merit. They confess  defeat in open discussion, and attempt  to stay the march of progress by invasive violence. These common" tactics  qfbigots and despots never avail in the  long run. The race is outgrowing  marriage, as it has outgrown chattel  slavery, and will one day outgrow the  economic slavery of today. All around  us, there are free and brave in en and  women, who dare assert their right to  themselves, even under the somewhat  discouraging conditions of our present  life. Their number, is constantly-increasing; and the day is at hand when  the marriage fetich will be relegated to  the lumber yard of dead institutions.  GOOD-BYE- GOD   BLESS   YOU.  Hill Bros.  Manufacturers'of  and  Shingles  Orders  shipped to all parts of the  Country.     Mill at headrj of - -  ���Slocan Lake.���  Postoffice address, Rosebery.  Prospectors,  T  Young1 men, become your own  assayers. Three months will  teach yon assaying for gold,  silver and copper. Live and  learn how, cheaper than you now  live   Columbia College,  Board and Instruction in assaying  .. . all for.. ..  ONLY $26.00 PER MONTH  Write to the principal���  REV. W. J. SIPPRELL, B.A.B.D.,  New Westminster.  All classes of learning may bo hart in this the  only college of its kind in the west.  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  L  arge  And  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAP WORTH,  Proprietor*.  I love the words���perhaps, because  When I was leaving mother,  Standing at last in solemn pause,  We looked **.t one another,  And I���I saw in mother's eyes  The love she could not tell me���  A love eternal as the skies  Whatever fate befell me.  She put her arms about my neck  And soothed the pain of leaving,  And though her heart was like to break,  She spoke no word of grieving,  She let no tear bedim her eye  For fear they might distress me,  But, kissing me, she said good-bye,  And asked our God to bless me.  ������Eugene Field.  Williams has received a consignment  of pop corn for the express purpose of  giving the Slocan juveniles an oppor-  tunitv to have a good time.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Summit-Mineral. Claim  Lot 4374.  Or never so poor, that it  could not be made better by  NEWSPAPER  ADVERTISING  in a judicious, pains-taking  way, and the circulation of  neatly    printed,     attractive  BUSINESS  STATIONERY  in -the ordinary channels of  trade   and   correspondence.  If it's an increase of business  you are after you can get it.  The quickest way about it is  to advertise through the  columns of The Ledse���the  most widely-read paper in  the mining region. It goes  into everv home in Slocan  New Deiriver  : Samdomi  Whitewater  Slocami City  SMvertoirn  All Minting Camps,  In this advanced age it is  out of business gear to attempt to carry on any business without suitable printed  stationery. You should be  supplied with good quality  Letter Heads  BIM Heads  Statements  Note Heads.  Heinra�� Heads  Clrcmlars  ��� Envelopes'' ���  AmytlhSinig Wanted  Call or address���  THE LEDGE,  U. T.  LOWEUV,  Editor and Financier.  WHY   MARKIAGE    ��S   A    FAILURE,  THE GATEWAY CITY AND DISTRIBUTING  POINT FOR THE BOUNDARY COUNTRY.  Grand opportunity for investments in Real  Estate, Fruit and Vegetable Farms, etc.  For information address���  J. A. SMITH.  l!rhis  All Absorbing Topic Reviewed by  James F. Morton, Jr.  hd  Every social institution must be test-  by its actual results in promoting  mman welfare and human happiness.  Neither its antiquity nor the univer-  ality of its acceptance? is a very safe  riterion. ' '������' - "���   ���  No idea is too safe to be subjected to  HOTEL  New Denver, B.C.  ;-...-.- A JACOBSON& CO., Props  Bestimeafe in the city���Comfortable rooms���Bar replete with the best of  Liquors and Cigars���Best service throughout.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Sundown  Fraction Mineral  Claim.  Situated in the Slociin City Alining Division of  West Kootenay .District. Where located:  On the north side of Lemon Creek, opposite  I lie mouth of Summit ereek.  'PAKE NOTICE that I. Dan Hanlon, fu-timrus  I nn inrent for .J. D. Wallace. F M. C. No.  22503 A; W. B. YVillcox. F. M. C. No. Bi'lJtiiiS; H.  J. Robertson, F. M.C.No. Bl-IL'iM; William Colp-  man. F. M. C. No. -2?,-JnUA; John Roland Stitt. F.  M. C. No. B8098,and Herbert Hunting. F M. C.  No. B'ii'ii-l. intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to applv to the Mining Recorder  for a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Grown Grant- of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this lfith day of December. 18!i!>.  DAN HANLON.  United Umpire Mineral  Claim.  Situate in the Slocan City  Mining  Division of  West-   Kootenay   District.     Where  located:  On the north side of Ten Mile Creek about-  seven miles from Slocan lake  HPAKE NOTICE That I, R.  \V. Gordoi.   F. M.  1    C.  No. 3!*>S2A.  acting   for myself and as  agent for H. W. Kent, F.M.C. No. S9280. Thomas  Dunn, F. M. C. No. 2016i;, J. H.   Ward.  F. M. C,  No W137A. and  Geo.  Williamson. F. M. C. No.  14929H. intend, sixty days from the date hereof  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the ibove claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must he commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 29th dav of October, IMS.  12-28 " R. W. G0RIX)N.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.    Where located:   About  half mile southeast of Sandon, adjoining the  Richmond  and   Hidden  Treasure  mineral  claims.  rfAKE NOTICE That I. Robert E. Palmer, as  I    agent for Eleanor Truax O'Neil, V. M. C. No.  5H274; George Gooderham, F. ,M. C. No. B1279I.  and the WarEajJeCon. Mining & Development-  Co. Ltd, F. M. C. No. B133S7. intend, sixtv davs  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Re  corder for a Certificate of Improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  claim.  And  further take notice   that action,  under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 10th dav of November. lMifi.  11-10 ' R. E. PALMER  A'ictor mineral  Claim.  Igp^lMp  ANDSOO LINE.  Between  J  The direct route from  Kootenay Country  to all points East and West.     .  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.     Where   located:   On  the South Fork of Carpenter creek, about, a  mile from Sandon.  opposite mouth o1 Noble  Five Gulch, a relocation of the St. Paul No. 2.  ''PAKE NOTICE That I. James Marshall, free  1    miner's cc-rtilieate Nc. WGiMA, intend, sixty  days  from    the date   hereof   to  apply  to  th'e  Mining    Recorder    for   a   certificate  of     improvements for the purjiose of obtaining a Crown  grant, of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 7th day of December. Wi'.\  JAMES MARSHALL.  12-11  First-Class Sleepers on all trains rrom  Revelstoke and Kootenay Ldg.  Tourist Cars pass Medicine Hat daily  for St, Paul; Sundays and Wednesdays for Toronto; Fridays  for Montreal and Boston.  Same cars pass Revelstoke one day  earlier.  I'roiiiestora   Minora!    Claim.  Situate in the Arrow Lake. Mining Division of  West Koote.iay District. Where located:  On Mineral Creole, 3.V miles from Cariboo  Creek.  HPAKE NOTICE, That I, N. F. Townscnd. act-  ���*- ing asagent, for John H. McDowell, F. M. O.  12.18518: Fat Cumingham. F.M.C. 84*07A.. James  Brady, F. M. C. iiGlST Nelson Deiners, F. M. C.  10707 A, and Frank H. Bourne. F. M. C.  l(]82oA. intend, sixty davs from the date hereof.  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate  of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 87, must be. commenced before the issuance  of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 2.5th day of August, A. D. 1899.  so-ii n: f. townsend.  Consolidated   Vorgiriia,  Klk and Speculator Mineral Claims.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On the  South Fork of Carpenter Creek.  'PAKE NOTICE that I, Arthur S. Farwell as  L agent for Harold Selous. F. M G. No. 98142,  intend 00 days from thedn te hereof to apply to the  Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 9th day of September, 1899.  2-11-09 A. S. FARWELL.  Adirondack Mineral Claim,  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: South of  St. John, Idaho Basin. .  rpAKE NOTICE, That I Herbert T. Twigg.  1 agent for William Hunter, F. M. C. No.'  3298-1 A; Harry Lowe. F. M. C. No. 13997: Walter  Murray, F. M. C. 13988. and Robert Slnan, F. M.  C. No. 13989, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  Certificate of Improvements, lor the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 23d day of November. 1899.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  COXNKCTIONS  Revelstoke and main line points.  S:5fik Dly: lv ��� DenverC. Siding���ar: Daily lfi:30X  M:lTik ex. Sun: lv N.Denver Ldg: arex.Suh;15:40k  ltossr.AND, xki.so'n chow's nest  .munch and  noUNDAKV COUNTRY.  9.50k ex. Sun: lv N.Denvor Ldg: arex.Sun 13.30k  TO AND KltOM SANDON  lo.ank dly lv Denver C. Sdg ar tily 8,55k  13 3ok ex Sun lv. .N Denver Ldg.ar ex Sun 9.50k  Ascertain rates and full  information   by ad" ,  dressing nearest local agent or���  G. B. GARRETT, Agent New Denver.  W. F. Anderson, Trav.  Pass. Agt., Nelson.  E. J. Coyle, A. G. P. Agt., Vancouver.  Sliaie Falls & Mm  SYSTEM,  NELSON & FORT SHEPPARD CO.  RED MOUNTAIN BAT CO.  The all rail and direct route  between   the  Kootenay  ..District and..  All British Columbia Fonts  Pacific Coast Points  Pnget .Sound Points  Eastern Canada and che  United States.  'Legal Tender No. 3 Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan City Mining Division of  West Kootenay District.     Where located:  About four miles south of Slocan City on the  Government trail.  1<AKE NOTICE ThatT, Dan Hanlon. acting as  1    an agent for John McLaughlin, free miner's  certificate No. B. 14203, intend, sixty days from  the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder  for a Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 3d day of November. A. D. 1899.  DAX HANLON.  Connects at Spokane with  GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY  NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILWAY  O. R. R; & NAVIGATION CO.  Leaves Nelson 9:10 a. m.  Maps furnished, Tickets sold and information  given by local and connecting line Ticket agents  H. A. JACKSON, G. P. & T. A.  Spokane, Wash  KOOTENAY     RAILWAY  & NAVIGATION CO.  Operating Kaslo,& Slocan Railway,  International Navigation &  Trading1 Company,  Fairy, Chetoi>a   and    Opatunka Mineral  Claims.  Situate in the Slocan Mining'Division of West  Kootenay district.   Whe e located:   Adjoining the Democrat, Twin Lakes Basin.  HiAKE   NOTICE, That I, Herbert T   Twigg,  1    agent for John 6. Steel, free miner's certificate No. 704, intend, GO days from the date hereof  to apply to the Mining Recorder for Certificates  of Improvements  for the purpose of obtaining^  Crown Grant of ea-h of the above claims.  _ And f- rtlu-r take notice that action, under sec-  ti6n 37.must be  commenced before the issuance  of such Certificates oi Improvements.  Dated this 23d day of November, IS'iiy  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  J''gyi>t Mineral Claim.  Situate in the SI .can Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: East of  Mountain Chief Carpenter Cieek.  '  TAKE NOTICE That I. George H. Aylard.  agent lor John A. Finch, Free Miners'Certificate No. L'l7iii A, intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for  a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  A nd further tu-'tn notice that act:on under sec.37  must be commenced before the issuance of such  Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this .101 h day of November, 1899.  30-11 G. H. AYLARD.  Ileber    Fraction   Mineral   Claim.  Situate in rhe Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. ' Where located: South  of and joining the "Rabbit Paw'' Mineral  Claim, near Sandon.  rpAKE NOTICE, That I. A. S. Farwell, acting  -*- asagent for the Star Mining and Milling  Co.. Ltd Liah'ty, Free Miner's Certificate. No.  lWils I>. intend, sixty davs from the date hereof,  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate  of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown Grant of (tie above claim.  And further t.ils'e notice that action, under section 37, must be eonimenced before the issuance  of such Oerlifii ate of Ininrovement.s.  Dated this^'d dav of November. 1WI  3.'l'l-!i!i ' A. S   FARWELL.  St.  Clair Mhu'val Claim.  Situate in (he Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay    District. Where      located:  Mowieh Slide. Carpenter creek.  'PAKE NOTICE That i, Herbert. T. Twigg,  1 agent for Jas. II. Moran. Free Miner's Certificate No. 13!C.1, and Charles W. Greenlee.  F. M. O. No. 13972. intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to anply to the Mining Recorder for  a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown   grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must lie commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this 21�� day of December, isno.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  J.K.CLARK,  MINES  and MINING  Reports, Examinations and Management.  NEW DENVER  B.C.  KASLO & SLOCAN RAILWAY.  Schedule of Time.     Pacific Standard  ���Time-  Passenger   train  for Sandon    and  way stations  leaves  Kaslo at 8:00 a.  m. daily,   returning,   leaves Sandon  at 1:15  p.   in.,   arriving  at    aslo ab  3:55 p. in,  INTERNATIONAL    NAVIGATION  & TRADING CO.,   operating on  Kootenay Lake and River.  S. S. INTERNATIONAL.  Leaves Kaslo for Nelson at 6:00 a.  m., daily except Sunday. Returning  leaves Nelson at 4:30 p. m., calling  at Balfour, Pilot Bay, Ainsworth and  all way points.  Connections with S. F, & N. train  to and from Spokane at Five Mile  Point; also with str. Alberta to and  from Bonner's Ferry, Idaho.  S. S. ALBERTA.  Leaves Nelson for Bonner's Ferry  Tuesday and Saturdays at 7 a. m.,  meeting steamer International from  Kaslo at Pilot Bay. Returning,  leaves Bonner's Perry at 8 a. m,  Wednesdays and Sunday's.  LARDO DUNCAN  DIVISION.  Steamer International leaves Kaslo  for Lardo and Argenta at 8:45 p. m.  Wednesdays and Fridays. Steamer  Alberta leaves Kaslo fur Lardo and  Argenta at 8 p.m. Sundays.  Steamers call at principal landings  in both directions, and at other points  when signalled.  Tickets isol-i to all points i i Ca. ada  and the United Statas. To ascertain  rates and full information,   address���  Robert Irving, Manager.  S. Uamfhell, Kaslo. B. C.  Freight and Ticket Agt.,   Sandon.  ATLANTIC .STEAMSHIP TICKETS.  To and from European   points via Canadian  and American lines.     Apply   for sailing dates  rates, tickets and   full information  to any C.  Ry agent or���  G.  B. GARRETT,  C. P. R. Agent. New Denver.  W. P. F. Cummings, &. S. S. Agt., Winnipe  Fellow Pilgrims  If you receive a copy of Tut-: Ledce without  being a subscriber, do not be alarmed. It will  not cost you anything. After as ay ing it. if you  care to dig up. you can give no offense by sending in your collateral. The annual assessment  is S2, but if you are financially in the sump send  in $1 and for six months you will have all the  blessLaga that this paper can bestow 'upon you.  The circulation is limited to one million, so do  not dally too long with procrastination.  R. T. LOWKRY.  ��IM����lMtUUM��MMIlMtMI��iai��MI��MBm��H^^  smmmmmrmmmEimmm. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JANUARY 4, 1900.  Seventh Yeah  THE    DEPARTING    PAKSOX.  (Reproduced by request.)  To my friend, Rev. W.M. Mac|veracher.  Some feller dropped the word last night,  Down at "Poker Bill's,"  "The parson's goin' ter pull up stakes  And quit these bloomm' hills."  The boys all looked up sudden t-like.  At the feller where he sot  And Tommy Roadley dropped his hand  An' fergot to take the pot.  "Yas," says the feller, kinder s'prised  At the way we took the news,  ''Year's up, and he's goin' ter shake  This dust from off his shoes.  He's a-goin' away back east," says he���  "Boys," chipped in old George Foss,  "Let's all cash in."    And then we fell  To reckonin' up the loss.  "Pop" Lowery 'lowed he'd bet a stack  That the camp \1 never see  A squarer parson pull his coat  Er throw a packer's "T."  " 'Scribed for the 'Claim' when.he fust  come,  Planked down the good hard dough,  And, ding it, boys, I kinder hate  Ter see the feller go."  "Doc" Rogers chipped a bean and said:  "The proper thing ter do,  Afore the parson packs his quilts  And strikes fer prospecks new,  Ib ter give the cuss a good send-off."  "I'm in on that, says Pete,  We'll 'pint Dave King the poet,  An' th' hull durn gang '11 treat."  Well, Sunday night we gathered in,  At the old Hotel Slocan,  Fer er reg'lar old-time blow-out.  We trotted out our man  And made him lisun to the truck  Our poet said he'd writ,  Which, if my memory serves me right,  Was 'bout like this, to-wit:  "We've watched you purty close, young  man,  Since you dropped yer pack down here,  And stated in a sermont  That you'd come to stay a year,  But we felt a mite suspicious-like,  A8 folks is apt t' feel,  When a ' 'varsity chap'  from way down  east,  Sets in to take the deal.  "Them days the gang didn't take much  stock  In missionary chaps,  And we sort 'er steered eround you���  There's where we lost, perhapB���  Fer we couldn't see how a beardless kid,  That had just got out 'er school,  Could preach and live in a mining camp  And stick to the Lord's eighth rule.  "We've heerd tell since, that when you  1 ��� sot in  The game was a-running low;  The church debt loomed up mighty high  And the spirit didn't flow;  The Sunday night collections, them days,  Was 'bout as slim  As the Sunday mornin' attendance,  Which was almighty slim.  "But it wa'nt long 'til it got eround  That yer preachin' wa'nt bad;  That them that didn't hear ye  Might some day wish, they had;  That you struck out from th' shoulder  And layed down the good old facks,  That every man's religion  Is recorded in his acts.  "That the man who has a ready hand  To help his feller man,  Has struck the paystreak of God's love  An' can save it in a pan.  You didn't seem ter give a���er���  That is, you didn't care,  How rough an' tough a man might look  If his heart beat on the square.  peated five or six times in succession  in order to completely saturate the  paper. It is afterward calcined, and  it will be observed that the ash, when  gold is present, offers a purple color.  This color should disappear quickly  if the ash is moistened with bromine  water. The test may be modified in  the following manner: A quantity oi  the powder, 120 grammes, is covered  with bromine water, and after agitating during the course ot an hour, the  solution is filtered. Upon adding  protochloride of tin to the solution, it  :akes a purple color, in the presence  of gold, giving the reaction known as  "Purple of Cassius." In the case ot  sulphides the ore should be previously roasted, and when the mineral  contains a considerable proportion of  carbonate ot lime, it should be calcined in the presence of ammonium  carbonate.  BEFORE    IT   IS   TOO    LATE.  If you have a gray-haired mother  In the old home far away,  Sit down and write the letter  You put off day by day.  Don't wait until tier tired steps  Reach heaven's pearly gate-  But show her that you think of her  Before it is too late.  If vou've a tender message  Or a loving word to say.  Don't wait till you forget it  But whisper it today.  Who knows what bitter memories  May haunt you it you wait?���  So make your loved ones happy  Before it is too late.  We live but in the present,  The future is unknown���  Tomorrow is a mystery,  Today is all our own.  The chance that fortune lends to us  May vanish while we wait,  So spend your life's rich treasure  Before ft is too late.  The tender words unspoken,  The letter never sent,  The long-forgotten messages  The wealth of love unspent.  For these some hearts are breaking,  For these some loved ones wait���  So show them that you care for them  Before it is too late.  ������Ida Goldsmith Morris.  Women'* Names.  A speaker addressing some clubwomen  recently on the subject of a woman's name  voiced her belief that the time would come  when a woman would' not give up her  name when she married, some compromise  being effected which would preserve her  premarital identity. This is, of course,  often done now where the won^an has become well known during her celibacy. An  author or physician almost invariably haa  her name hyphened to that of the man she  marries. The same speaker thinks, too,  that the title of "Mrs." will be one of maturity, just as "Mr." is, and that "Miss"  will be retained merely as a designation if  girlhood, as "Master" is now. Neither of  these statements is radical or beyond easy  belief in its fulfillment. The present is  nothing if not an age of iconoclasm, and  because a thing has been is one of the le- t  influential arguments that it shall continue to be.���Chicago Times-Herald.  Sanitary Kneading; Boards.  Wooden kneading boards are declared  insanitary. In their place in the modern  kitchen are found heavy marble or giass  trays, which are more easily kept clean.  The molding board Is now declined to be  on�� of the places where close inspection is  needed by housewives who appreciate the  ubiquitousnessof germs and microbes. Indeed some housewives who have made domestic science their hobby will not allow  dough bo b�� kneaded at all by hand, but  insist that the same process, or very nearly, bo accomplished by a large spoon. Just  watch your domestic- scrape the dough off  bar handi after she has been kneading it,  and you will never want any more bread  kneaded by her hand, says one of these up  to date housekeepers. Doubtless even with  the marble tray the beating with the spoon  would be more satisfactory and the bread  ���qually light.���Exchange.  Parson's  j  Wholesale  BUTTER  EGGS  CHEESE  GREEN FRUITS  CURED MEATS  VEGETABLES  -%^^/^Vfc^  ft  o my  Patrons  in the Slocan  1<%&W&%>  Supply  The Pretty- Matinee.  It is a wise plan for a woman to allow  herself a generous change of dainty, inexpensive cotton dressing sacks, little affairs  whose only beauty is their freshness.  Much better to have such and to make  sure that the jacket you wear is perfectly  fresh, says a fashion writer, than to invest  In an elaborate silken affair and then be  obliged to wear it when its first sweet  cleanness is gone. Remember the first command that must be respected in the matter of the negligee is sweetness and cleanness. If you oan afford a change of dainty  Bilk and lace negligees, well and good,  nothing is prettier, but you will look very  nice in something less expensive if only  it is just as spotlessly clean. Of course, if  the sack is fine of material and elaborate  of construction, you'll call it a matinee  and rather look down upon the cotton  srnrments.  Shippers of the  Early Breakfast  Brand of Bacon.  Full stocks  -Nelson  and  carried at  Rossland.  Mail orders solicited.  California  Wine Co.,  Wholesale  Dealers  Boys,  my  Over=  coatings  will just  suit you.  Prices low  I have opened my Tailoring establishment in1  i Nelson and am prepared1  1 to fill all orders with neat- (  1 ness and dispatch. Most i  e stylish Suitings and work-  [ manship guaranteed.  When in Nelson call and i  > inspect stock, or write me'  j and I will call on you with(  implex of goods in my(  i trip through the Slocan i  i which I contemplate mak-  1 ing in a short time.  Hoping to   be favored i  1 with your orders, I am-  Yours truly,  "E. J.Robie!  ��The Tailor.     Nelson, B.C.  ^^/$/^>%/ts^  l/*WWWW*,<  NELSON, B.C. | f*X WffWffWfWfWff<f��ff<f��ffff  Don't borrow The Ledge; buy it.  Of warm, woolly  Mattresses just in.  Prices low.  "That charity is a kingly grace,  If it assays what it ort���  The kind that thinks no evil thing  And hears no bad report���  And though you were young and chip-  per-like,  It didn't take long ter see  That the heart that beat beneath yer vest  Was purty middlin' free.  " 'Long 'bout spring   o' th'  year you  come,  You struck your pick one night  In a mighty powerful sermont  That made 'em see the light,  And it wa'nt long til half the gang  Was a-goin' to church, by gum,  And a-fillin' up yer button box  When the thing eround 'em come.  "Then "Scotty" led, and it wa'nt long  'Til "Sandy" follered suit  The gang it couldn'ta-been more 'sprised  Had it heered old Gabriel toot.  "Doc" Rogers took a hand 'bout then,  And the bovs nigh lost their grip,  When the three was 'lected deacons,  But they never raised a yip.  "We've seen yer, day by day, go on  In the way yer ort ter go,  Eunnin' yer tunnel ter tap the ore  On th' ledge that we well know  la th' one we all must look fer  If we ever strike it rich  On the mountain over yonder,  Er up, I don't know which.  "No use ter aay now   what you've done,  Since yer dropped yer pack down here  And stated in a sermont  That you'd come to stay a year;  The record's writ in a higher place:  But we'll say right here in lieu,  That you've got the gang's best blessins'  To carrv away with you."  t       * t + t t  He went away; we've heerd tell since,  He's savin' souls���Quebec province.  David W. King.  Kaslo, Slocan Mining Camp, 1896.  DKTKCTINCr    GOLD.  A new   method   of detecting the  presence of a small quantity of gold  has been recently discovered by Dr.  0 ler, says the Mining and Engineer  Review of San Francisco.     By this  method the presence of quantities as  low as 77 centigrammes per ton may  be established.    The operation is as  follows:    A quantity of finely  powdered ore, say 120 grammes, is introduced into a flask     To this an equal  valume of tincture of iodine is added,  and the mixture well agitated.    It is  then left for an  hour,   agitating from  time to time, and is finally  allowed  to stand.    When th* solution has separated, a band of filter paper is saturated with this,   and  the paper allowed to dry.    This operation is re-  At the old stand.  Bolander   block.  C. G. BAKER,  New       Furniture Dealer and Repairer  Denver's        Undertaker and Embalmer.  ���VfOTICE IS HEREBY G-IVEN that the part-  lx nership heretofore existing under the firm  name of Walker & Baker has been dissolved, by  mutual consent, 0. G- Baker taking over the  stock and trade; to whom al 1 accounts are payable. C. G. BAKER,  H. M. WALKER.  New Denver, B. C, Dec. 1,1899.   DR. MTLLOY,  DENTIST  While partaking  of the delicacies  of Holiday time  don't forget the  needs of the feet.  Start the New  Year iipon a good  foundation. You  cannot get better  shoes anywhere  in   Canada  than  ATHOBEN'S  Mail orders.  New Denver, B. C.  Choice Wines  and Fragrant  Cigars.  Write for Prices.  Our Stock is the Largest in Kootenay  The 8-hour  Has been on shift in the  Slocan for many weeks,  but it has not injured the  quality of the beverages  in the Ivanhoe at Sandon. Nearly everything is new around this  old-time tavern except  the whiskey and the  landlord.  Dick Orando,  for further information.  OLESALEGROCERS  Agents for B. 0. Sugar Refinery and Royal  City Planing Mills.  Brewers of Fine Lager Beer and Porter���the best in the land.    Correspond-  solicited.   Address���  R. REISTERER & CO., Nelson, B.C.  ROSSLAND.  Travelers  Will find the  Arlington flotel  a pleasant place to stop at when in  Slocan City.  GETHING & HENDERSON. Proprietors.  E. M. BRINDLE  Watchmaker  and Jeweler  New Denver.  Orders by mail receive prompt attention.  FRED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings aWays on hand.  Mcpherson & croft,  New Denver  Transportation  & Light Co.  PALMA ANGRIGNON, PROPRIETOR.  General Draying: Mining Supplies and Heavy Transportation a Specialty.  Saddle Horses and Pack Animals.  Feed Stables at New Denver.  Hauling and Packing to Mines,  and general local business.  WOOD    AND    COAL    FOR    SALE  Teetzel  & Co.,���-  Assayers'Supplies  *UEEN'  Heated with   Hot Air and  Lighted by Electricity  Large, comfortable bedrooms and first-class dining room.        Sample rooms  for commercial men RATES, $2 PER DAY  MRS. E. C. CLARKE, Prop., Late of the Royal Hotel Calgary.  Baker St., Nelson, B. C.  NELSON  Carrv a complete stock of  FURNITUR  and solicit orders from any part of the province.    Write for prices.  Dealers in  Cor. BaKer and Josephine Sts.  Nelson, B. C.  RB. Dunlop  BARBER AND HAIRDRESSER.  Children's Hair Cutting a Specially.  SLOCAN   CITY, - - B. C.  ilocan City  H. D. CURTIS,  Notary Public.  Mines;  Real  Estate;   Insurance;  accountant.  Abstracts of Title Furnished,"  SLOCAN CITY, B. C.  \V. S. Drkwry  Kaslo, B.C  H. T.TwiGG  New Denver, B.C.  Furnishes accommodations  to,. the traveling public  equal to any on Slocan  Lake. Comfortable beds  and tasty meals. The best  brands of liquors and  cigars on the market.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers:  Bedford, McNeil Code.  SSTRashdall & Fauquier, Agents.  New Denver, B. C.  d. E. Angrigimon  The Leading  Hairdresser  Bosun Block, New Denver, B  JOHN WILLIAMS  Dealer in  IMPORTED  AND DOMESTIC CIGARS  ANDTOBACCOES,  PIPES, &C.  Van Camp Lunch Goods,   Confection-  cry and Fruit.  BATHS IN CONNECTION.  Newmarket Block. New Denver  PHOTOGRAPHERS  LOOK!  SE-'MB      Cabinet Solio, SI.40, go prepaid  lljj      Film Cartridges, 3J.\31. .75c.  Other Supplies, same"rates.  O. STRATHEARN,  Kaslo, B. C.  City Employment Office  12 OlCVCnS Jit, Spokane, Wash.  Telephone, Front 211.  Send us your orders for help.  j^L. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  Solicitor, Notary Public, Etc.  Sandon, B. C.  Branch office at New Denver every  Saturday.  m  taiiuMimimmtmMaumiiimiwiiBm


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