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The Ledge Dec 29, 1898

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 Volume VI.   No.  13.  NEW DENVER, B. C, DECEMBER 29, 1898.  Price, $2 00 Yeas  SL0GAN GAMP NEWS!  LOCAL    CHIT-CHAT.  Christmas passed off quietly in town.  Sandon's civie election takes place on  January 12.  W. R. Will is spending- the holidays  in Winnipeg.  Snowslides are of daily occurrence  and traveling is dangerous.  It is stated the Miners' Union purposes erecting a hospital in New Denver.  " The Newmarket had venison for  Christmas shipped in from the Okan-  agaii.  Monday evening- a social dance was  held in the opera' house and was well  attended.  Rev. Mr. McKee, Presbyterian divine  at Sloean City, was ordained in Nelson  on Sunday.  Allan Brett, seven years of age, died  at Sloean City on Christmas Eve and  was buried Monday.  Macdonald Bros, will celebrate Bobbie  Burns' birthday by a ball and supper at  the Balmoral, Sandon.  Bert Yates came down from Revel-  stoke in time to share in the Christmas  festivities with his parents.  Sandon Knights of Pythias have issued invitations foi a grand ball, in  Spencer's hall, on January 2,  J. Marino has gone to sunny Italy to  enjoy the proceeds of the California  deal'   He will be back in April.  Mayor Andrews, of Winnipeg, has  been re-elected by 1,500 majority. He  is a brother of F. 'S.A.ndrews, barrister,  Sloean City.  The heaviest snowstorm of year's prevailed during Christmas, about 18 inches  of snow falling. Several telephone lines  were broken.  The services in the Presbyterian and  Anglican churches on Sunday were  above the average. The latter edifice  was tastefully decorated.  M. A Wilson, now of Rossland, is  spending the holidays with his family.  He says Wilson Bros, will erect a business block here next spring.  J. H. Millward, manager, states that  the Bosun hall is now open to engagements. Local talent cwill be given the  hall for So an evening, exclusive of  lighting.  James Currie, one of the pioneer  residents of this town, and now postmaster at Trout Lake City, came down  Thursday to attend the opening of the  ���opera house and spend Xmas.  There are a number of mangy-looking  ���and three-quarter-starved cayuses running round the town. It would be a  merciful act to put them out of the way,  , and so end their misery and cease an  annoyance to the people.  From now on all Canadian newspapers  must pay postage on their issues^ sent  through the mails, at the rate of one-  quarter of a cent, per pound.. Formerly  they were carried free. On July���l.-the  rate will be increased to half a cent per  pound.  Paddy Stratford, who was injured at  the Enterprise mine, is out of the Sloean  hospital, though it will be some time  before he can' use his left hand again.  He. says his treatment at the hospital Li  beyond all praise, and that it is an ideal  spot for a miner.  Friday evening the annual Christmas  tree and entertainment, in connection  with the Union Sabbath school, was  held in the Methodist church. The  edifice was filled by the children and  their friends. A long program was  given after which the gifts were distributed. Miss B.Irwin, organist, was  presented with an address and a purse  of money.  SLOCAJf   MINERAL    FLOAT.  are being  The Noble Five has ;resumed shipments.  The Chapleau is looking unusually  well at present.  Three Forks is credited with 250 tons  of ore shipped last week.  A snowslide on Four Mile, Monday,  carried off two pack mules.  New ore bins and ore house  erected at the Emily Edith  Four hundred and seventy tons of ore  went out from Sandon last week.  A big strike is reported about six  miles below Sloean City, on one of the  river properties.  Upwards of 1,000 tons of ore has been  shipped from the Four Mile properties  during the year.  The Wakefield has commenced its  season's shipments, by sending out 120  tons of high g-rade one.  G. H. Dawson is still working- the  Edinburgh group on Four Mile. The  men are getting into good mineral.  Geo. Hugh?.s denies the rumor that  he is out of the Idaho or that there is  any deal on for the Mountain Chief.  Most of the properties in the neighborhood have shut down . for .the holidays,  but will I'esume. work again next week.  The Dardanelles reports a line strike  of ore at tht eighth level, 500 feet from  surface. Twentv-five men are emplov-  ed.  The Marion men returned to work  Tuesday after the 'Xmas holidays.  They took up shovels to dig- out the  trail.  Sixty men are working at the Idaho  Mines. Great difficulty 'is experienced  in handling supplies and ore, owing- to  the bad roads.  Two men are working on the Mowich,  the other side of the Mountain Chief.  They have got in through the wash and  hope.to have mineral shortly.  Charley McNicholl claims to have a  gold bonanza in the Oma group, on the  Galena Farm.; As depth is gained the  value increases. F. 0. Berg-, of Spokane, is interested with him.  ROUND   THK   HUH.  An agitation is on  Fort Steele.  foot to incorporate  is   getting   an   assistant  Fort Steele  school teacher.  The C. P. R. are to give Moyie City  railway accommodations.  Two Italians have been arrested at  Niagara for a stabbing fracas.  Moyie City has been granted a post-  office, with F. Moore in charge.  John R. Reavis, the well-known journalist, lias started a paper at Republic.  The Kootenay Mining Standard is to  be removed from Nelson to Rossland.  There are .'three candidates in the  field for the mayoralty of Grand Forks.  J. B. Wilson, of Kaslo, will open a  branch of his business in the Boundary  camp.  The Brackman & Kerr Milling Co., of  Victoria, are establishing a branch at  Nelson.  G. C. Rose has been given charge of  the customs house at Cascade, which is  now a subport.  There is more building going on at  present in Grand Forks than in'all the  Boundary towns combined.  A miners'association has been organized at Windermere, with W. B. Abel as  president and O. A. Brown, secretary.  TheDominion Government are spending $5,000 improA'ing- the Kootenay  river between Fort Steeleand Wardner.  BOUNDARY.  Night Watchman Kennedy, who shot  Sullivan, an escaping prisoner, at Cascade, some time since, has been exonerated. '  a workman on the R. &  Cascade, had his head  a   premature   blast   on  H. E. Foster, Fred M. Wills and C. C.  Woodhouse!willimmediately incorporate  the Blue Grouse Gold Mines, Limited.  The property of the Blue Grouse Mines,  Limited, will consist of the Millie Mack  and Triumph claims, located on Blue  Grouse mountain, Cariboocreek carap.  Hunt, Lockland, and partners, all  of Vancouver, have commenced work  on the Noble Five claim, adjoining  the Mollie Hughes. There are two  openings on the property, one of which  is in SO feet, with two feet of we'l mineralized quartz in the breast, from  which high assays have been obtained.  A. Tunks and J. Pilon, owners of the  Cabin claim, adjoining the Pinto on  Goat mountain, have done considerable  work on the property. They have run  -in a number of open cuts across the  vein and have started a shaft following-  down the mineral. There is a g-ood  showing of quartz,containing- some very  high grade ore.  Nels Hanson,  P. Railway,  at  blown   off   by  Friday.  . :The outpprts of Wardner and Fort  Steele, which are now attached to New  Westminister, have beenolaced under  Nelson.  The Great Northern Railway has two  outfits surveying south of Tobacco  Plains for a line to the Crow's Nest Pass  coal fields.  In a row near Niagara, on Sunday,  John Lawler stabbed H. Green several  times with a pocket knife, inflicting dangerous wounds. The former was arrested and taken to Grand Forks.  The Gooderhain-Blackstock syndicate  have formed a company to en'gag-e in  the mercantile business at Rossland.  J. L. Pierce, formarly of Kaslo, .vill be  the manager, and he will have ��100,000  to back him up.  Twelve men are now working on the  Winnipeg, over 1,000 feet of development  having been done.  On l the Morrison mine the shaft is  now down 70 feet, all in ore, and samples  run from $30 to $352 in gold.  Over 100 tons of ore are awaiting shipment on the dump of the Mother Lode,  and work is being steadily continued.  A bond for $15,000, of which five per  cent, is cash, has been given on the Ruby  to Alex. Dick. It is located in,the Skylark camp and has a 50-foot shaft. It is  a gold-copper proposition.  Manager. Harrison says there are  20,000 tons of high grade ore in sight on  the B. C. claim in Summit camp. This  is the property recently bonded to R. G.  Edwards Leckie, for the Montreal Gold-  fields Syndicate.  The Lexington, in White's camp, has  been bonded to Jay P. Graves, of Spokane, at $40,000. It has a good showing  of copper ore, and is located close to the  international boundary line. The venders are George Rumberger and Joe  Taylor, of Greenwood, and Marcus Op-  penheimer, of Marcus, Wash. It adjoins  the Citv of Paris.  BRILLIANT 0PENING  JIARVELOUS    RECORD  Of the Bosun Mine Owned by the Northwest Mining Syndicate.  YMIR.  Never   Looked   Better.  Ibex   Mining   Co.'s   Troubles.  Mr. Justice Drake at Victoria has just  delivered judgement in the Ibex Mining Company winding up matter. By  his judgement he places on the list of  contributors Messrs. Trethewev, $12,  500; King & O'Brien, $6,500. This  case has been in the court for some  time and this decision will likely be  appealed, as the question was once before the full court and was referred  back to a single judge.  Bradshaw   in   Hard   Luck.  The Bosun mine, New Denver's main  stand-by, never. looked better than it  does at the present time, nor has there  been so much ore in sight. A connection  has   been  made from the No.  1  tunnel'to the No. 1 shaft, the raise g-o-  ing through three feet of solid shipping-  ore. In the No. 2 tunnel the main slope  is in good ore, while the second raise  commenced farther in has opened into  pay ore. Thirty feet more will bring-  No 2 tunnel in the big ore chute tapped  by the No. 1 tunnel and shaft. The  regular shipment of 100 tons has been  made this month and will be continued  into the next year. Manager Sandiford  estimates there is at least '��80,000 worth  of ore now in sight on the Bosun. The  management is considering the advisability of discontinuing Sunday work.  Service   Commenced  .Advices just to hand from the Salnio  Consolidated indicate increased activity  now that the hoisting plant is in running order. Sinking- is being pushed  with all possible dispatch, and important developments are looked for any  the showing is decidedly  A crown  grant will short -  Edgar W. Bradshaw, a former resident  of New Denver, walking boss for Foss &  McDonnell on the R. & P. Railway, near  Niagara, was brought to the Cascade  hospital last Sunday, having received  serious injuries from a premature blast  on the work? the !day previous. ' It was  thought hie might lose his left hand, but  it i�� now believed it can be saved. Bradshaw had already lost his right hand  some years ago.  Service on the Crow's Nest Pass line  will commence at once. The steamer  Moyie will leave Nelson Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 7a.m. for Kootenay Landing where the train leaves at  12 o'clock for"the east. Cranbrook will  be reached at night and through passengers will have to spend the nig-ht  there, proceeding east on Tuesdavs,  Thursdays and Saturdays. No night  passenger trains will run over the line  this winter. .The service west will be  on alternate days with that east, arriving-at Nelson on Tuesdays, Thursdavs,  and Saturdays at 6:30 p.m. The passenger rates will be on the basis of five  cents a mile.  time now, as  interesting,  ly be issued.  Andrew Peterson, a miner working  at the property of the Salmo Consolidated company, was killed on Monday  by being struck by the pole of a horse-  whim. The horse used in working the  whim broke lose and ran away while  the bucket was partly raised. The  man in charge of the hoist set the brake  and started in pursuit of the animal.  Peterson came up, and for some unknown reason set the brake loose. The  weight of the bucket swung the pole  around, which, striking him, killed him  almost instantly.  The first cleanup of the Porto Rico  proved even more successful than was  expected. Although a number of inevitable delays attended the first trial  of the new mill, due to short water  supply, yet in 10 days the works handled over 140 tons of ore. Definite values  have not yet been learned, but it is  evident that the ore has an approximate  value of S40 per ton. One of the pleasing features of the cleanup is the discovery that the mill has saved 9 [per  cent, of the assay values Most of the  gold is recovered on the plates. About:  20 tons of concentrates was saved. The  Porto Rico is working about 40 men at  the mine and mill. Four machine drills  are at work in the tunnels and stopes,  and enough ore is already in sight to  operate the mill at a capacity-ot 25 tons  daily for the next eight months. Development work ;willbeactiyely:pushed,  Christmas    Turkey    Shoot.  On Wednesday of last week the animal  general meeting of the shareholders of  the Northwest Mining Syndicate, now  dperating the Bosun mine near New  Denver, was to have been held in London, Eng., particulars of which are not  yet available. It ie known, however,  that the company is in a position to declare a hundred "per cent, dividend iipon  its investment in the Bosun, as the local  manager, W. II. Sandiford, has sent  them a cheque covering the fiill amount.  Besides this there are enough funds in  the treasury to develop the property.  At the present time the Bosun is occupying an enviable position in the London  market, but all efforts to secure stuck in  the syndicate are unavailing, as the  shareholders realize they have too good  a thing to let go. Several of the directors  will be here in the spring to have a look  at the situation.  No mine in this or in any other portion  of the Province has made the record that  theBo'sun.has, and its successful development is nothing short of the marvelous. It is a five months' proposition,  yet it has advanced from being a portion  of a ranch to the proud position of an  unusual dividend-paying mine. In that  short space of time the property has not  only been developed, but sufficient ore  has been taken out to make the purchase, pay for all expense, and earn a  surplus providing for a 100 per cent,  dividend. There is no such other record  to be found in the camp.  To New Denver, the advent of the  Northwest Mining Syndicate has meant  everything, as it is the principal backing  to the town this winter To it the  citizens owe the erection of the beautiful  opera house so successfully opened last  Thursday, as it was the purchase money  of the Bosun that provided Mr. Harris  with the funds to build the institution.  Mr. Sandiford, the manager, since his  residence here, has identified himself  with every movement calculated to advance the interests of the town. His  employees are, for the most part, domiciled in New Denver, and their monthly  wages go a long way towards making up  the cash receipts of the various mercantile establishments.  The Bosun has shipped nearly 430 tons  of ore to date, and the management  starts the new year with a clean slate  and money in the treasury. They purpose working their property extensively  during the next twelve months, and as  sinking goes on and larger and richer  will be bodies of ore are met with, employment given to more men and regular  dividends will result.  The opening of the Bosun opera house  on Thursday evening last by the New  Denver Concert Band was one of the  most brilliant and successful affairs held  in the town. The audience filled every  seat from dress circle to pit, Silverton  alone of the outside places sending up  a large contingent.   As an exhibition  of the dress-maker's skill and creative  art, the function was beyond comparison, for no such array of neat and  becoming- costumes has ever been seen  in town. The size of the audience fully  demonstrated the advantages of the  hall, and New Denver's good fortune in  securing- so cosy a play house quite  disarms any attempt there might be to  adverse criticism. What defects there  may be are confined to minor details,  which can be easily remedied.  It was much regretted by the audience that Mr. Harris, to whose enterpise  and push New Denver owes the erection  of such a fine hall, was not present.  Praises without stint were showered  upon him and if good wishes will help  him out, his Christmas visit to his home  in England will be a happy one. The  Northwest Mining- Syndicate, with its  capable manager, Mr. Sandiford, was  not forgotten, for it was its capital paid  for the Bosun mine which gave Mr.  Harris the start.  So far as the entertainment went, it  was carried through without a hitch.  The band did well and the town has  reason to feel proud of the institution.  The program consisted of 12 numbers,  no encores being permitted, the audience being- treated to a view of the  beautiful scenery at the termination of  each number. The whole program was  confined to the band, and each, and all  acquitted themselves satisfactorily. A.  Sproat, president of the band, acted as  chairman, and, in' his introductory remarks, stated that he had been at many  morning saw many tired but perfectly  happv participants in what had been  the foremost of the holiday entertainments.  THE   YEAR'S    GROWTH.  New I5ulilrting8   Erected in New Denver  During   1898.   .   ,. ���  Idaho   Mines    Dividend.  The one event of Monday was a  turkey shoot, which provided-amusement throughout the day. The target  was set up on the lake .shore,-.north ot  the C. P. R. wharf. Fifteen: turkeys  were shot for in all, J Wigginton providing- the poultry. Geo. Long secured  4; A. E. Fauquier, 4: C. W. Greenlee,  2; R. I. Kirkwood. J.Minto, J. Irwin,  A. Mclnnes and W. Thomlinson, leach  In the evening. G"., Long's rifle, a  Savage repeater, which, had won 10 of  the birds, was raffled off in the-New-  ma'rket. C. W: Greenlee capturing it.  George Hughes was in town on Tuesday for the purpose of paying another  dividend on behalf 'of the Idaho Mines,  this time amounting to S28,000.    Three-  quarters of this amount he cabled to the  Scottish Colonial   Goldfields,  Limited.  Edinburgh,   Scotland,    that   company  owning that  interest  in  the property,  while Mr. Hughes owns the remaining-  quarter.    The  Idaho   Mines have paid  to date in  dividends,  inclusive of  the j  present   pavment, ��� the   vast   total   of j  8292,000.    this dividend will  give  the i  Britishers   additional   interest   in  the!  silver mines of the Sloean j  opening's before in the town, but they  were mostly hotel openings.   He gave  a brief account of the   early history of  the place, and contrasted the pioneer  days with the present, when the people  could   assemble in   such a handsome  building.   New Denver   had  steadily  improved as'the years passed by, despite the depreciation of silver." And  this improvement could be marked by  the history of   the public halls in the.  town.   First -there  was  the Shannon  hall, where the St. James' Hotel now is,  but soon, social   activity .demanded a  better place and the Clever hall was  provided;  then a third   improvement  evolved thepresent spacious and compact Bosun hall.   The growth of the  town from year to year must be identified with the New Denver Band, as the  improvement of one meant theadvance-  inent of the other.    Mr. Sproat traced  the history of the band from its organization inl894 to the present time, how,  despite great difficulties,  it had never  disbanded, and had now the honor of  giving the first entertainment in the  best public hall in Kootenay.   During-  the early life of the band  giime critics  had suggested   that they  make their  practice ground on the flat across the  creek,  and others had suggested the  slaughter  house.     But   criticism   had  now given place to commendation, and  no town in British Columbia felt more  pride in  a   local   institution  than did  New Denver in its band.    Mr. Sproat  then called upon  Mr. Thomlinson, ex-  president of the band, for a speech.  William was received with applause  find, after a few preliminary canters,  got down to business. As a former  president of the band, he commended  its members to the goodwill and support of the town. He was glad to be  present at the opening of the' hall, as it  marked an epoch in the social life of  New Denver. Such a building would  be a credit to any town, and the Bosun  Hall would enable the local talent to  display its abilities Western towns  were a surprise to easterners, because  of the amount of talent possessed by  their inhabitants, and New Denver was  no exception. William enthused a  little here and predicted the town would  not only be the Lucerne of the west,  but the" Athens as well. Other towns  and cities were only now beginning to  erect modern playhouses, but New  Denver had the start even of such  cities as Nelson and Rossland. William  concluded by hoping everyone would  feel at home and enjoy themselves,  which the audience took very kindly  Following- is the program :'  This past year of 1898 will go down in  history as one of the quietest ever experienced   in   the   silvery  Sloean, due  largely to the Klondyke craze.   Despite  the  general quietude   and  tremendous  falling off of business and population experienced   in   the   several towns, New  Denver   has1 managed  to hold  its own  uncommonly well.   In fact,  the general  stability of the place was never so pronounced as at the present time, and the  indications are favorable for a very busy  season for 1899.    This  will be caused by  the working of the numerous  properties  on   Silver and Goat mountains,    all of  which promise to become heavy employers  of   labor.     The   actual   amount of  money expended  in new buildings during the year has been, at a low estimate,  $14,450.     The  new   structures  are not  confined to any one portion of the town,  but are scattered everywhere.   If there  be added to this other smaller improvements,   the   laying  of   new sidewalks,  clearing of streets,   repairing   of Three  Forks and the Silverton wagon roads, the  amount  expended would   be   close   to  $25,000.   There is not another town in  the camp that can equal this good record.  But few vacant buildings remain in town  and these will be occupied ia the spring.  The citizens can look back upon tho past  year with pride and anticipate the spring  with  increasing  confidence.    Following  is a list of the more marked improvements:  G-eo. Williamson, cottage   NT. McMillan, '���        C. E. Sinilheringale, ���'  J. Marino, "        A. Wallace, store improvements   F.Pyman, business block   G-. Sutherland, cottage   J. Taylor, stable ,  J. C. Harris, two cottages l.nproved.  -"       ���' .   opera house .,  '"      feed stable   R. B. Kerr, brick store   "     office   " "      "     addition to house    Mrs. Wereley, cottage   J. Moran, ho~u.seimproved   Bank of Montreal, addition   G-. Aylard. kitchen and stable   P. Burns, small house   Record Office, brick vault   T. H. Hoben, warehouse '   C. W. Aylwln, cottage improved   W. C. E. Koch, stable   , 3 1,00(1  (MM  500  800-  400  900  750  350  500  ,��� 3,000  500  800  350  150  400  . 1,000  200  500  iC)  6C3  150  400  450  514,450  County   Court   Registrar.  Hon. Joseph Martin has written'  parties in town regarding the establishment of a county court registrarship in  New Denver, as promised several months  ago. He has given assurances that Gold  Commissioner Sproat will be appointed  to the office and that his seal of authority  will arrive shortly. The| Lieutenant-  Governor some time since, with a view  to expediting court proceedings, appointed a number of deputy-registrars  throughout the district. It" has since  been pointed out to the authorities that  this was an error. To remedy this, Hon.  Mr. Martin will have all the appointments made full registrars and have  them so gazetted. Mr. Sproat's elevation  will centre the legal business of the Sloean at New Denver.  In furtherance of this the B. C.  Gazette of last week contained the  following: To be registrars of the  county court of Kootenay: Edward T.  H. Simpkins. Nelson- Herbert T.  Townsend. vice Edward Schofield, Rossland; Alexander Sproat, New Denver;  James E. Armstrong, Fort Steele; John  D. Sibbald, Revelstoke: Frank C. Lang,  Golden: John Keen, Kaslo. These  cancellations and appointments take  effect on Januarv 10.  The    Ohio    Improving.  Death    of   Henry   Gntau.  Henry Gatau died Saturday morning,  from the effects of a stroke of paralysis,  at the Grand Central hotel, Cascade.  He had been working for some time at  his trade of a carpenter for Ira Black.  Early the day previous he was stricken  down in the "rear of Black's hotel, and  was at once cared for, receiving every  possible attention, but could not survive the shock. ,He was well known in  New Denver, Kaslo and elsewhere.  March. "Washington Post," Hand  Duett. Two Cornets. --Scotch and Irish  Airs." Messrs. A vlwin and West  March, "Under the Double cajjle,.'.. ..Orchestra  Sony, -'True Till Death." ��� O. E. Sniitliorinwile  Selection   "Twinkling Stars," Band  Recitation, "Xmas at the Poorliouse,"...H. West  Selection, ������ Friend and Foe.'' Orchestra  Selection, "Uncle Josh's Husking Bee,''Orchestra  Piano Duett, "Husarenritt" by Spindler,   Mesdames Brindle and Millward  Overture. "Queen City." Band  Selection, "Hot Time,'' Orchestra  God Save the Queen ....Band  After this the floor wras cleared off  and the crowd settled down to dancing-,  which they carried on till almost daylight. A spendid supper was served in  the St. James Hotel, while refreshments  could also be  had in the hall.   Fridav  R. I. Kirkwood and Frank Wells,  owners of the Ohio claim, above the  Enterprise, on Ten Mile, are spending-  the holidays in town. They state the  Ohio is steadily improving-.' The tunnel is in 100 feet and fully timbered.  The vein is showing- more mineral, but  shipping- ore has not yet been struck,  though the evidences point to a chute  being-approached. There is no pinching up of the vein, which holds its own  as the biggest proposition on the creek.  The owners will return in a few days  and continue working till spring-.  After   Denver's   liank.  The Silverton people are credited with  the intention of having the Bank of  Montreal removed from 'his place to the  former town. As a lever they assert the  Merchants' Bank of Halifax is ready to  come in, and so take the Four'Mile  accounts from the New Denver institution.    That is as far as it goes. THE LEDGE, NEv*/ DKlsVER, B.C., DECEMBER 29, 1898.  Sixth Year  The Ledge.  Publi: h'jd every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  is experienced now m floating a bona  fide mining venture than was experienced some months since. Perhaps  the marvelous success of the British   : ! American Corporation,   London & B.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES: : _,   ,,   ,,_.   _,     JL   ^        '  Three months s .75 IC. Goldnelds,, Whitewater Miner,, and  |^elve "       ������ ;���;;;; _.;^j a number of other worthy concerns  three years.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.".'.'.'.'.'.'.".'.  ��.oo i h.ave had much to do with this.   The  Transient Advertising 25 cents per line first in        j f a      financial journals, the  sertion. 10 cents per line subsequent  insertions   wm��Li"= ui iuo  "'^��  J ��  nonpareil measurement. [great   dailies,   and   the   influential  ~~      ~  weekly organs teem  with laudatory  TO CONTRIBUTORS. I        .      ' ....     ( A   r> .,.���;,���, ���  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenayj articles Upon   this   favored PlOVince,  District  and  communications   upon   live  topics i and the result IS easy to Conjecture.  always acceptahle. Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot, and we will do the rest  A pencil cross in this square  indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor  wishes once'again to look at  your collateral,  Money is reported plentiful in London, Paris and Berlin," and renewed  enquiries are being made for British  Columbia stocks.  While the great copper and gold  deposits of Rossland  and the Bound-      ary, though low grade and  costly to  TEURSDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1898. | develop,   do maintain  their ascend-  y      ���  j aney in the money  marts at present,  scraps from the kditor's desk, j there is no denying that the silver-  TZT xt     v      \ bearing ledges   of  the   Sloean   are  A Happy and Prosperous New i ear j  ... ���-������    '���:���������,.���������:������.   an,nnni- nf-  . . | claiming an   increasing  amount or  to one and all.  favorable attention.   It is noticeable  Next Thursday Victoria will don that many of the leading properties  its best and witness the pageantry at are now in the hands of Britishers,  the opening of the Provincial Legisla- such as the Whitewater, Sloean Boy,  ture. The new ministry will meet Ruth, Idaho, Queen Bess, Bosun,  the House for the first time, but they j Wakefield, Comstock, Vancouver,  will do so with confidence. Hon. Mr. j Emily Edith, and several others, and  Higgins will no doubt secure the j these are developing to the satislac-  speakership. " ���     ��� j tion of their owners.    No costly ma  chinery is required in the Sloean, and  Acts, generally supposed to be St. Luke,  His "stories" of the riot in Ephesu's and  of the shipwreck of St. Paul are admirable pieces of work from the newspaper  point of view.  Smelters   Want   Better   Kates.  ii I* 11�� "> rltrii Tin TO�� *li Tlti TH Till Ttffttii ilTIn nifti i TBI li > TTW> imi> '  After their reverses of the week  the considerably  higher grade ores  previous, Conservatives are experi-1 can be handled much ___ore cheaply  encing considerable satisfaction over.|by meHns of the less expensive and  their victories in Quebec on the 19th. j populai, tunneL The enormous divid-  Four bye-elections took place for the j ends paid by the Pavne> slocan Stai.  Legislature, resulting in the Tones ; Whifcewater, Ruthi Bosun, etc., etc..  securing one _seat.-against the added; are having. the desired effect,, and it  is morally certain the influx of capital  power of the Laurier Government, as  well as greatly reducing the majorities in the others. Politics are an  uncertain quantity, and it does not  follow that bye-elections go with the  Government.  The citizens of New Denver can be  pardoned for the pride they take in  the advancemeno of their town during  the past year. To have had numerous new buildings erected when the  sister burgs have been at a standstill  owing to the general depression, is  ground sufficient for their pride.  With the rapid development of Silver  mountain and the introduction of  British capital, ��� they can confidently  expect, better times in the future.  New Denver has past beyond the experiment stage.  this next season will be great.  Several large deals are even now on  the tapis, and once the ball gets rolling it will not cease for many years.  vVet ores and dry ores, so long as  they embrace the factor for paying-  dividends, are alike agreeable to the  capitalist, and the Slocan has enough  of each to make it the banner district  of the Province.  A party of smelter men who operate  m this section have gone to St. Paul for  a conference with Darius Miller, second  vice president and general traffic manager of the Great Northern Railway.  What the conference is about is a  mystery. Among those who have gone  from here are Manasrer Aldrich, of the  Trail smelter; David Moore, ore biiyer  of the same concern;. J.'Et''Jackson,,ore  buyer for--the Everett smelter. The  exodus of;$ie smelter men "-to. St. Paul  followed a series o'f- meetings that have  been held3'in Spokane among them-,  selves. One /explanation, -given of the  meeting's and trip is ttiatvthe smelter,  men are arranging the matter of division of territory and that of transportation rates for the year to come, contracts  being made on. the first of each year.  It is also asserted by knowing ones that  the railroads have recently made some  inequalities in rater, which seriously  affect the smelters and make a division  of business upon an equitable basis  extremely difficult. It is said that the  smelter men have gone to St. Paul to  lay the facts in the case before the  powers that be. and to urge that matters be arranged more to the advantage  of their respective smelting corporations. ��� ���   ���   '  Death    in    Chilkool    Pass.  PAX   JBKITAJTNICA.  The Daily Province is not seeing  eye to eye with the News-Advertiser  upon certain Provincial matters, and  has taken exception to Finance Minister Cotton, admonishing him to play  fair, The Province had a bone to  pick also with Mr. Sword, the Government candidate in Cowichan and  a great friend of Premier Semlin.. If '-fijen each to other muttered:  these attacks are inspired, and there  is not much doubt but that they are,  then it is evident the cabinet is not  as harmonious as it should be. These  little incidents are but hastening on  the inevitable drawing of party lines.  INFLUX    OF    CAPITAL.  One cannot but feel hopeful for  brighter and better days throughout  the silver camps by reason of the  marked interest being shown in the  country by foreign capitalists, whose  emissaries and agents are quietly  and slowly, but nevertheless surely,  investigating and securing control of  the best properties. Those who have  a penchant for coincidences state that  every decade ending with the figure  nine witnesses some great mining  excitement, and the evidences are  forthcoming that 1899 will be no exception to the rule. Moreover, facts  multiply to a certainty that it is  British Columbia that will be the seat  of the next big upheaval.    It so hap- | '  pens that Australia is laboring under!    '"iev had been sitting at opposite ends  ^        .   , , . n   .    ,       of the sofa for a long time in silence,  a  weighty   depression,    caused   oy     He loved her madly,  over-capitalization,       non-occurring     But he feared to "put it to the touch to  dividends,   and   lack  of  confidence.   WHe0rh1a��(frome'with  the intention  of  This   has   obtained    for    the    past learning the worst.  eighteen months.    In South Africa,      <-)r the best- . ,    __  Xh ,. i ���    i-   I    But her manner was cool,reserved pre-  Oom Paul is as zealous as ever in his 0ccupierl  Behind her rolling ramuarts England lay.  Impregnable, and girt by cliff-built towers,  Weaving to peace and plenty, day by day.  The long-drawn hours.  In peace Spring freed her Hocks and showered  her grain,  Summer sat smiling under peaceful leaves,  And Autumn piled on the 'tin warlike wain  Her siekled sheaves.  And white-winged keels flew fluttering to her  shore.  Laden with Eastern bale or Southern fleece;  And from the lields of far-off labor bore  The spoils of Peace.  Then, seeing Her within her waves so blest;  The jealous nations, panoplied alike.  Said:    "Look,  She  wears  no  armour  on her  breast,  What if we strike V"  But Site, of their base greed and armed array  Haughtily heedless, moated by her main,  Still across ocean ploughed her peaceful way,  In strong disdain.  'Now, at last.  Her splendour shall be ours, and we shall slake.  Our envy.   She is pillowed on her Past,  And will not wake."  Slowly as stirs a lion from his bed,  Lengthens his limbs and crisps.his mane, She  rose,  Then shook out all her strength, and, flashing,  said,  '' Where are my foes ? "  News has just been received of a slide  on the Chilkoot Pass in which six people  were killed. Five bodies have been recovered, as follows: Mrs. Darling and  two sons, of Lake Linderman; Bert  Johns, of Juneau; Harry Shaw, of Skag-  way. The slide occurred December 8th.  Contrary to the adyice of old-timers,who  realized that the trip was a dangerous  one, in view of the recent storms, the  party set out with light outfits. It was  storming very hard when they crossed  the summit, but they succeeded in  reaching Crater lake, where the blizzard  forced them to camp, although it was  but seven miles to their destination.  While encamped there, tons of ice and  snow, mixed with rocks and timber,  swept over them, evidently without  warning and went on down the valley,  leaving them buried under several feet of  hard snow.   The    Scots    Didn't,   Need    It.  Nothing galls the natural pride of the  true-blue Scotchman more than to have  Scotland overlooked. A striking instance of this feeling is said to have  occurred at the battle of Trafalgar.  Two Scotchmen, mess mates and bosom  cronies, happened to .be stationed near  F.E. MORRISON, dds.  ,     DENTIST  Crowii, Plate and Bridge work.  Office, Broken Hill Blk.   Nelson  This is  your great  opportunity  Thus to herself She did herself reveal,  Swiftly, yet calmly, put her armour on.  And, round her Empire, sentinelled in steel,  Like morning shone!  From field and forge there thronged embattled  hosts.  And that one struck the anvil, this the lyre,  And from the furnaces of war her coasts  Were f ri n ged w i th li re.  Dazed and dismayed,   they veiled  their futile  vow;  Some fain would be her friend, and some would  nurse  Their hate till they could curb the miijht, that  now  They could but curse.  But they who watch from where the west wind  blows.  Since great themselves, proud that their kith  are great,  Said :   "See what comes when England with her  foes  Speaks at the gate !"  Then back to loom and share her people poured.  Chanting pcaue-piuiins  as   they   reaped   and  gleaned,  While, gazing,   worldward,   on   her   undrawn  sword  Watchful she leaned.  ���Alfred Austin, in London Times.  Taken   at    Her    Word.  efforts to cripple the mineral development of the Transvaal because of the  obnoxious Uitlander. Other foreign  fields of investment present local  troubles peculiar to themselves, and  all calulated to alarm the investing  public in Europe. So that, after a  careful survey of the situation, the  impression amounts almost to a reality  that British Columbia must and does  afford the desired opening for profit-  bearing and dividend-paying invest  ment.  Would it not be better to go away now  and await a more propitious time rather  than to hazard all on too precipitous  action now ?  No!   Now oi never!  ���With one dexterous slide he was closely by her side; his arm slid round her  willowy waist.  "Stay!" she cried.  "Thank you, 1 will,'' the youth replied, and the other arm slid round the  other way.  Reporters'    Patron    Saint.  An   Anglican  clergyman, of London,  suggests  the  formation   of an order of  Europe is peculiar, in   that it is the ! journalists, says an  exchange, with St.  chief scene for the mobilization of the | I'aul for its patron saint.  c ~*-������>oi   onrl   fhoro ic nn me ''���    HI. Paul,   he savs,  v.as "the best  re-  forces of capital, and thei e is no poi -, pQrter q{ a'ncient tlmeg��� andj therefore.  tion of that continent that sways so j "the best  mediator for journalists be-  mie-hty a power   in   the   world's fin- i tween heaven and earth."  j        n    *.   ,.;~i ..   1,-ft-i     (-,-^i-,<- I    His plan includes  an  annual   reunion  ancesasdoes that  light  little, tig lit j.   s   p   ,,   cathedral   with an address  little island home of the Britisher.  British Columbia and its resources  have taken a tremendous hold upon  the British public,   and less difficulty  by a bishop and prayer for the benefit of  the newspaper fraternity in general.  Doubtless the great apostle to the Gentiles was a good reporter. But so, also  was the man who wrote f'.ie book of the  If vou don't think so, just  call at NELSON'S Drug  and Book Store and see all  the Xmas presents he left  behind for distribution.  If you listen to him, lie  will tell you that NELSON  has the BEST assortment  of Xmas   Goads of  all   kinds    in   the  Slocan: and he will  tell    vou  moreover  that the   Prices are  away down  NELSON'S assortment includes DOLLS.  TOPS HORSES        GAMES   .     BLOCKS  MECHANICAL TOYS       TIN TOYS  and- ALL KINDS 0'COOKEN"  PERFUMES BRUSHES BOOKS  DRESSING CASES TOILET SETS  SLEIGHS      ETC      ETC      ETC  In endless variety.  Santa  Claus  has  come  C. R NELSON,  Druggist & Stationer.    New Denver  j&TMail orders promptly attended to.  Store for the best  obtainable in the  Haberdasher line.  Our stock of ... .  Gents' Furnishing  G-oods is not behind that of the  bis1 citv stores .. .  Ladies' Footwear  as dainty as the  daintiest and as  serviceable as the  best.   Mail orders.  E, R.-Athertoaii Co.,- Ltd,  Sandon  4  eke  oetreal  Established  1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     981,328.04 "���  ' ��� ���'���     DEAD   OFFICE,   MONTRBAt.       '  Rt, Hon. Lord Strathcona arid Mount Eostal, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  lv - \ E. S, Clouston, General Manager,  ':; Branches ia all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  :."'./' the United States.   . ...,'' '",'���'  ���;   New Deliver branch  V E. PITT, Manager  2     ��������� ���   ���     ______��� ��� ' ���  each other when the celebrated signal  was given from Admiral Nelson's ship :  "England expects every man to do his  duty." "Not a word about poor.Scotland," dolefully remarked Donald His  friend cocked his eye, and, turning to  to his companion, said: "Man, Donald,  Scotland kens well eneuch that nae son  o'her's needs to be tell't to dae his duty.  That's just a hint to the EngJishers."  An    Awkward    M.<��n:!'iil,.  A Tioga youtli started to take his best  girl to Philadelphia one evening last  week. The couple boarded a street car,  and when the conductor came in for the  fare, the young man dived down in his  pocket. To his horror, he discovered  that his pocket was absolutely empty.  Looking up at the conductor, he blurted  out: "I've changed my pants and left  my money at home." Then he looked  questioningly at the girl. She shook her'  head, and 'murmured: "So have I."  The conductor grinned, the maiden  blushed and the young man signalled to  stop. _  Kcin/.e    AfyiU"    in    11>��    Courts.  C. S. RASHDALL.  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DEiWER, B.C.  I  ���MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,   SOLD   Axn BONDED.       CORRESPONDENCE   INVITED   Abstracts of Title to mineral claims.  !���'. Aug. Heinze, late of the Trail  smelter, has entered a suit against li.  B. Angus, T. G. Shauglmessy and the.  British Columbia Smelting & Refining  Company, of Trail, for- S7f),S01.4S  Plaintiff claims defendants purchased  certain property from hi in, fuel, stores,  etc., in connection with the smelting  works; that the goods were in due  course handed to defendants and have  not been paid for. Heinzealso reserves  the right to sue for Sfi.000 ��� interest  accrued.  We do what we advertise to do.  OTEL SANDON,  tK  *?f\   ���Tix  ^K   tK  tK  Sandon, B.C.  npHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to accommodate a large  number of ��� G-uests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan. while in the Dining Room can be  (bund the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  Rrelrfnt  Will upset the fairest hope  of man. Our handsome  line of ���Holiday Goods arrived too late for Christmas trade, much to our  sorrow,, but we are now  prepared to show you the  prettiest parlor pieces you  ever saw in this locality.  It isn't for us to tell you  all about it, but we will  sav this much: It you are  looking for a bargain in  any piece of parlor furniture this . is your opportunity, for we must turn  much of the stock into  cash at once,  WALKER &��� BAKER,  >'<!W    Furnil-uro Dealers :uul Kepairei-H  Denver's     Undertakers and Kinbalincvs.  N. B.���Wc have the onlv pi-iicticiil Undertaker  and Ernlmlmer doiiii: business in the Slocan.  The Clifton House,  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a lai-fjfc number of [>cople.     The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything1  in the market  Sample Hoonis for Commercial Travelers. ,  John Buckle}', Prop.  Travelers  Will tind the  Arlington Hotel  it pleasant place to stop at when in  Si can City.  GETHTNG & HENDERSON, Proprietors.  Provides Ladies or  Gentlemen with  W.S. DltKWIlY  Kaslo, B.C.  H.,T. Twiog  New Deliver, B.C.  Every=  .First-class  When I buy rrom the  manufacturers Staple  and Fancy Groceries  1 make it a point to  get the very best in  all lines, My stock  of Cured Meats is the  best in the market;  Hams, sweet and juicy  as can be bought;  Bacon that is evenly  stripped with fat and  lean and just hits the  finest taste.  NEW DENVER  Dealer in HAY, GRAIN,  ICE, WOOD, Etc  .Livery and Feed Stables, General  Draying. Teams meet all boats and  Trains.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyor?  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil Code.  iKTRashdall & Fauquier, Agents.  I)  R. A. S. MARS    ..~l,.  Dentist.  Kaslo, B'C  Graduate of American College of Denial Surgery  Chicago  f-\ WILLIM & JOHNSON.  VJ -(Ale-Gil!)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  Sloean City,  B C  WANTED.  Industrious man of character to travel and appoint agents.   Salary and expensea paid.  BRADLEY-G ARRICTSON COMPANY.Limited  Toronto.  J. M, M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  jLJOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M. London, Eng  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST.  & ASSAYER.  Properties   examined    and   reported on  fur   lit  tending purchasers.  Assay office and Chemical  Laboratory. Belle-  vue ave, New Denver. B C.  j\/[t L. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  Solicitor, Notary Public, Etc.  Sandon, B. C.  Tn    G. FAUQUIER,  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp. B.C.  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C, Weaver  Tbonmson, Mitchell & Co,  Insurance  and General Oommissson  Agents.  NKW DKNVEK.   B.  C ���.  nmrm  f. LoCASTO, TfiA  Hair  Hot    Cutter  or Cold  P'StllS Everything First-Class  Imported and Domestic Cigars, Etc,  Newmarket Block,  New Denver.  Fifty=two  Weeks with  j^sr _r A   fascinating study of the  _f irf\f~tt International Sunday School  \J-\J%J. Lessons for 18!)!), now ready.  No Christian, especially a  Clergyman or Teacher .should,  be without it. Beautifully  bound in cloth of two colors,  with stiff bo'ards. Price.only  .-).') cents. Strongly recommended by leading Clergymen, on sale by all booksellers,or sent postpaid on the  price by,  BRADLEV-GARRETSON CO.. Limited,  Publishers,  Toronto Canada.  J. H. MILLWARD,  - If -  ainter  and  gn  Writer  NEW DENVER.  J, C. HARRI  NEW  DENVER  General  Drayman, Ice,  Hay and Grain for Sale.    Ice Houses  Filled.  Livery  and   Baat Stables-, Sixth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 29. 1898.  .JUST   BACK   FROM   DAWSON.  the  the  I've just got back from   Dawson,  where  Arctic rainbow ends.  An'  the  swiftly   rusbiir    Klondike   with  mighty Yukon blendB;  Where the sun on Christinas mornin' 'in. the act  of risin'sets,  So that just a minit's sunshine is all that region  gets;  An' the rimplin* midnight glories through the  moon-tranced heavens fly,  While the guileless sour-dough miners set around  > the stove an' lie  'Bout the good old times at' Circle,  'fore  the  smooth promoters came,  An'set the country boomin' in a way that is a  shame.  I've just got down from Dawson, where the large  mosuuitos sing,  An'sooii ?.'�� they forsake the camp their small  successors sting,  Where 'long about tlie end of June the suu again  surprises  The new inhabitants, an' while it's settiii' risesl;  Where the price of pay  strjtak  bacpn, is two  dollars ior a pound,  An'to treat your friends at Spencer's costs an  ounce or two u round,  An' they sell Seattle cider, in the guise of dry  champagne,  Which institutes a lingorin' drunk that's very  far from plain.  I've just returned from Dawson, where the charge  for aiiteck eggs  Makes considerable difference in the length of  buyers' legs;.  Where our helpful friends In Washington, misled  by bad advice,  Concluded they could operate steam enjines on  the ice,  An' are tryln' now the reindeer, a-feedin' them  on moss,  iut wherever they've been tried thus far they've  been a heavy loss,  1'h'e whiles the old trail breakers to their pet  tradition.-, cling,  TAn' still imaintain with vehemence���"Ihe dog's  the proper thing."      ��� ���  just  reached  here from Dawson, where I  seen Bob Slavin spar,  An' also seen his victim a-revivin' at the bar,  While Bob shook hands with all his friends, and  loudly did declare  That he could lick Kitzsimmons.  too,  only there  THE BAKEE'S DOZEN.  TWO ACCOUNTS GIVING THE ORIGIN  OF THE   PHRASE.  One of Them Is Disappointingly Prosaic.  The Other Has Enough of the Superstitious In It to Commend It���Jan Pie-  tergeD, the Baker, and the Old Woman.  Everybody    knows    that    13  "THE   LiTTLE  GiftL   AND   f��lE.����  is   a  I'TC  if he was  An' seen Oklahoma Wilson attempt to instigate  A coop de Colt, but ere his gun became articu  late  in a way he  They yanked him to the barracks  won't forget,  An' to cultivate his hannlessness they're boardin'  him there yet.  I've just come out from Dawson, where everybody's health  Is buin' undermined an ruined in a wild-eyed  rush for wealth.  An'a. score or so of schemers, on evil projects  bent,  Are robbin' the community to a terrible extent;  Where the men who dig the treasure are strong  an' brave an' hold,  Wrenehin' from the glacier's bowels stockin's  full of yellow gold,  While the transportation pirates slyly syndicate  their gall  With the criminal intention of absorbin' of if all  I've fjust escaped from Dawson,  where the ice  grows ten feet fhick,  \n' doods who like their baths served cold don't  take 'em in a crick;  Wliere no one. be he rich or poor, is ever dubbed  a "hero''  Till he has done his hundred miles at sixty less  than zero ;  Whore men cut water out In chunks an' pile it  on the banks,  An' make their liot-air heaters out of empty coal  oil tanks.  An' road  back number almanacs by the unob  trusive rays ,  Of tallow dips and davy  lamps���dim lights of  other days.  I've just emerged from Dawson, a bad financial  wreck,  For instead of gettin' dust galore, I got it in the  neck  (Where Adam got the apple in that: episode witli  Eve.  Which led to woe an' stern decree that they  would have to leave),  hike thirty thousand other jays, by golden visions  lured.  Who climbed   the  trails, through hardships it'  which they weren't inured,  To find that them Dominion knaves, by dastardly deceits,  Had concessioned everything in sight, an' even  leased the streets. . \]  ���New York Sun.  (JOOI)    TIMKS   'COMING.  British     Columbia    is    on  ttlff   Tilings.  the    Kv��   of  The London Outlook, in its financial  article, says :  Those who are chary of superlatives  tells lis that British Columbia is on the  eve of big things. We have heard that  prediction before, and we have seen it  followed by a season of persistent flatness. Not that the mineral wealth of  the Province has ever been in doubt,but  rather that the moment of a world-wide  awakening-to its realities has always  been ieferred by some cause or other.  What, then is the new feature in the  British Columbia outlook? The accession of the famous Le Tioi mine to the  London market.  The paper then goes on to deal with  the events that led up to the securing  of the minority shares of the Le Roi  Company by the British America Corporation, and adds:  Let the Le Roi get its proper footing-  in the minds of the investing- public  here and the district generally will  come into its own. One thing-, however, the Le Roi proprietors should do.  The dividends 'which have been paid  have, Ave doubt not, been fully justified,  but in conservative hands and with a  view to the future the mine should be  shut down for six months, or the output be at least greatly restricted, to  permit of thorough and proper develop-  , inent. This done, and the future of the  mine and the Rossland district would  seem to be assured.  But Rossland is, as a study of any  British Columbia mining- map will show,  only one corner of a rich auriferous British province. Rossland is easiest of  access and comes first: the rest will follow if British Columbians and their  friends here do not spoil their future  by making- too great haste to be rich.  In addition to the mines in the immediate neighborhood of Rossland.  there are some 60 or 70 miles to the west  with immense deposits of low grade ore  and copper in what is known as the  Boundary country. There is a great  future before that'region also. As it is,  the Canadian Pacific Railway is tapping-  its wealth by a line of railway to be in  operation next autumn���an extension  of the Columbia & Western Railway  from Robson to Penticton on Okanag-an  lake. And where the Canadian Pacific  i railway company g-oes the public soon  follows.   Pat's    Moveable   Heart.  "baker's dozen, "but everybody does  not kuow why. The origin of the phrase  "baker's dozen" is commonly attributed to a custom that prevailed among  British bakers in the days when severe  penal ties, were inflicted upon tradesmen  who cheated their customers with ehori  weight or short measure. A dozen oakei  or rolls or loaves might easily fall short  of .th'e'standard weight, so in order to  guard themselves against the risk of inadvertently incurring the penalties of  the short weight statutes, without going, j  to the trouble of weighing everything  they sold, as a make weight, to every  dozen cakes, or rolls, or loaves delivered to a customer. This explanation ia  unsatisfactory. It is disappointingly  prosaic, and it utterly fails to account  for the fact that the "baker's dozen" is  also commonly known as the ' 'devil's  dozen."  A better explanation is to be found  in a legend that gives the phrase an  American origin. It is not wholly devoid of picturesqueness. It suggests the  reason why "baker's dozen" and "devil's dozen" are synonyms, and it carries  rather a good moral with it.  The story is somewhat as follows: In  the middle of the seventeenth century  the most famous baker in the New  Netherlands was Jan Pietersen, . who  had come to Fort Orange from Amsterdam and was the first man in the new  world to make those fiat, oblong, ornamentally stamped, with caraway seed  liberally besprinkled, crisp', toothsome  cookies, familiar in the days before all  the old Dutch customs sank into disuse  under the name of "New Year's cakes. "  Pietersen was a just man, but his justice was never tempered with libera-lity.  With him a dozen was a dozen, neither  more nor less; also a pennyworth was  worth a penny, and he parted with no  pennyworth of his save in consideration  of a penny had and received in exchange.  On the night of Dec. 81, 1653, Jan  Pietersen sat in his shop, well stocked  with New Year's cakes provided for the  expected demand of the morrow, when  a little old woman, bearing all the  marks of age and poverty that in those  days.marked women out as witches, entered, demanding a dozen New Year'a  cookies. Pietersen carefully counted out  12 cakes. "Here are but 13. I want a  dozen," remonstrated.'his customer.  "Twelve is a dozen," said Jan. "On  New Year's eve, between rich and poor,  13 is a dozen," shrilly insisted hi��  queer customer. "Give me 13." But  Pietersen would not. He argued that  nobody ever-heard the like; that at all  times and on all occasions a dozen was a  dozen. Finally, finding argument of no  avail against the beldame's persistence, he told her to go to "der tuyfel"  for the extra cooky. Probably the old  woman took his advice, for she left the  shop, and from that instant Pietersen  found himself pursued by some supernatural and malevolent power. All his  New Year's cakes turned stale and  moldy before morning, he lost his skill  as a baker, all his dough was so light  that it flew up the chimney or so heavy  that it fell through the oven, bis journeymen robbed him, his wife developed  a critical disposition and a tongue hung  in the middle, his children went wild,  and his trade went elsewhere. .Few men  could have fought against such a combination of misfortunes, but Pietersen  had money laid by, and Pietersen was  the most obstinate and phlegmatic of  Dutchmen. So he kept his shop open  though nobody came to buy, and the  scant, ill made and ill baked stock he  was able to provide for it molded on  his hands.  During three years, on each successive  New Year's  eve, the old woman  When all of rdiilcLhood wo<: a song  And all of hie -was Mr.y,  When all of sorrow :::il of wrong  Was sunk in ycstr-rdfiy,  We walked together har.d in hand,  True comrades, 1 and slit.  Oh, life was :=et in summer for  The liti le girl and nio!  Then carao a time when sky and air  With snow were all astir.  She went away���so far, so far  I could not follow her.  And somehow all -the woods and fields  As wide as I could see  Went grieving for the little girl  And had no smile for me.  long years have come end.gone since thaoy  A:: 1 ii:.:-.' h::s touched rar liair,  Bui I ;:;u ;rsi. si's young as ���when.  T:iosi' lich'is were fresh and fair, ,     ; ,  An... often as 1 watch (he sun  Xis-s field and hill'flTid tree-'  ft K'  The li:  1o iihine again upon  1 le girl and me.  One day when shows'no more fall cold  Nor autiv-.m's shadows chill,  Where leaves hang always red and gold  And silver runs eacii rill,  I'll go.myself to look for her, '  And there, tsoincw'a'! -\ inaybe  There m::*y lie other 1 lnygrounds for  The Hale gi: 1 am. nie.  ���Posi Yi heehr in New York Press.  Let tho Work Be Thorough.  Soacl improvement in this country  means road construction. We have to  begin at the beginning, put in a proper  foundation and lay down an enduring  du'rf at-iug, under the direction of a skilled road engineer. Anything short of  this gives us, after a little while, something like an old, neglected turnpike  that is actually worse than a dirt road  in its natural condition. It is better to  concentrate resources in a small area,  giving each section of the state its share  in i ;& due turn, and do thorough work  w.hi'e we are about it.���St. Paul Globe,  New  Dress  Goods,  Latesr.  novelties  in Dress Goods for  Summer and Fall  wear; also ready-  made     Clothing,  Neck wear, Hats,  and   Caps,   Boots  and   Shoes ��� the  most complete stock in  the lake section���at prices as low as it is possible  to make them.     We invite your inspection. Look, into our show- window.  ~vVe   are displaying  a   fine   line of  novelties.  MeLaehlan & McKay,  New Denver.  CERTIFICATE- OF IMPROVEMENTS  Cornier, Sultana,  Iron Mask, Iron Mask  Fraction   and   Baltimore fraction  Mineral   Claims-  Situate in the Sloean Mining Division of West  Kootenay   District.      Where   located:   On  Pour Mile Creek.  rPAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T.Twigg.agent  L.  for  the   North-West   Mining-   Syndicate.  Limited, i<. M. Cert.  No. 32G76 A,  Charles A.  Bashdall, F. M. Cert. No. 101)22   &., Arnold E.  Fauquier, F. M. Cert. No. 5737 A, and Edward  Stewart F. M. Cert. No.��� 383C4 A    intend, sixty  days from  the   date  hereof   to   apply to the  Mining:  Recorder   for certificates  of  improvements,  for the purpose of. obtaining' a Crown  grant of each of the above claims.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must he commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 22nd day of lJecen.ber,1898.  HERBERT T..TWIGG.  Slocan SoverelgngMineral Claim  There was a story told of a loquacious  Irish waiter, who was filling up a military g-uest with a most remarkable  account of   the   dangers  he had  been  : through while in the service. "Why,  sor," said he, "I was standin' up agin a  three in the Soudan desert, when a  bullet sthruck me here (indicating his  : left; breast) and whint roigbtthru'.me."  ���"But," said his listener, "that would  have killed you, as-your heart is there."  "Shure sor.  but^ me, heart was  in  me  .mouth at the toime." '  Camp  rapidly.  McKinriey    lots   are    selling  reappeared iu Jim Pietersen's melancholy shop, demanding the thirteenth  cooky. Each time she was seut anew to  the devil. Jau Pietersen was no fobl.  He could see as far into a millstone as  any man in the New .Netherlands. Almost from the first he had been convinced of the connection between his  refusal to count 13 to the dozen and his  misfortunes. But he would not violate  his life creed: "A dozen is a dozen. A  man has done in-* whole duty toward  God aud toward his neighbor when he  has kept strictly to the letter of the  law." But at last, when his savings  were all gone, he broke down aud appealed to St. Nicholas to help him. Instantly the venerable guardian of all  good Hollanders appeared. The saint  sternly rebuked the trembling baker for  the hard narrowness and self righteousness that had given the foul fiend power over him, admonished him to be  more careful in the future, and concluded by promising him one more  chance to redeem himself. The saint departed. Jn walked the old woman with  her demand for the extra cooky to make  up her dozen. It was handed to her,  and she vanished, crying: "The spell  is broken; from this time on IS is a  dozen." Jan Pietersen never forgot his  lesson. Through a long and prosperous  career he always gave 13 to the dozen  and ascribed his success to that practice. So his custom became the custom  of his trade, and 13 was the "baker's  dozen." ��� Eochester Democrat and  Chronicle.  At Waterloo.  It was just previous to the battle of  Waterloo. The Duke of Wellington was  eating. Before be finished his repast he  remarked: ."I enjoyed that meat, especially the Bonaparte, and now of Cor-  sican go some pastry. Bring me a Napoleon." ���  ". ���  After the battle was .over he said of  the opposing general, " Waterlooser he  ttas."���Twinkles.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of  West Kootenay District. Where located:  One-half mile north of Cody.  'PAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg,  I airent for the Sloean Mines Exploration and  Development Company, Limited, F. M. Cert.  No. 13000 A. intend, si'xtv days from the date  hereof, to anply to the Mining: Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining; a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of'improvements.  Dated this 22nd day of December. 1838.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Continental   Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay  District.      Where   located: at  the.head of Twin Lakes Basin, adjoining the  . Idaho, Morning, Ivy Leal and Mazeppa mineral claims.  TAKE NOTICE that I, William S. Drewry, act-  JL iug as agent for the Scottish Colonial Gold  Fields, limited, free miner's certificate No. 33325A,  and George \V. Hughes, free miner's certificate  N'o. <>1!)75, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the 'Mining Recorder for a  Certificate of Improvements, for' the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that, action, under  section 37. must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated  this 17th day of November, 1808.  W. S. DREWRV.  United  Mineral Claim.  T  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of \\ est.  Kootenay District,.     Where  located: Adjacent to'the Echo and  Sunlight' Mineral ���  claims at the head of Jackson Basin.  UKE NOTICE that I. George Alexander, free  _    miner's certificate No. Tl.ooo, us agent for the  Echo Mining and Milling Co., Ltd., free miner's  certificate No. H.iKMA, intend sixty days from  the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder  for a certificate of improvements for the purpose I  of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claim, j  And further take notice that action under sec- i  tion 37 must be commenced before the issuance, j  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 28th day of October. 1808. !  nv3 GEORGE ALEXAN1 ER, Agent,    i  Hhiiniii, Kusliford, General Sheridan,     I  and Snowstorm  Fraction j  Mineral Claims.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West j  Kootenay District. Where located: Parti  of the. R. E. Lee group, near Sand m. j  'PAKE NOTICE that I, George Alexander, free ''  i miners' certificate No. 74,(TO, intend, sixty  days from the date, hereof to apply to the  Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the puriwse of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claims.  And further take notice that action under sec- j  tion 37 must be commenced before the issuance :  of such certificate, of improvements. j  Dated this 30th day of September, 1808 j  ��vl7 G.ALEXANDER.    |  Nancy Hanks No. ��   Mineral C'laiin!       ':  Situate in   the Slocan City .Mining Division   of  West Kootenay District.   Where located:  On  north slope of Springer Creek, about H miles  from Slocan Lake.  fAKE NOTICE that I, Alfred  Oriscoil. acting  1    as agent for H. E. Grav.s, F. M. C. No. 5101A,  Kate Scott. F.M.C. No. 41367. W. B. Dennison, F.  M. C. No. filOA, and Frederick Roivbottom. F. M.  C. No. 029a, intend, sixty days fiom the date  hereof,    to     applv     to     the     Mining    Recorder for a certificate of improvementsfor  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  ab6ve claim.  -   And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced  before tin-issuance  of cuch certificate ni' jnv>r'ivcm",i*=  Dated thU :M<t, dav nf (Prober, i*!'*- >���������������-!  The  ANDSOO LINE  New Denver,  Has been re-opened under new management. The Dining- Room will  always be up to the market, while  the bar will contain liquors and  cigars that cannot be surpassed for  quality and flavor in the Slocan.  Old aud new patrons will find this  hotel just like home.  JACOBSON'&GO.  For those who want the  EAST^stweST  To any point in United States or Canada  First-Class and Tourist Sleepers operated from  Ocean to Ocean.  Tickets issued and Uaggage checked to destin  atioh.   No Customs Difficulties.  COKKKC'J-IOIVS  Revelstoke and main Hue points.  8:4.0k Daily: lv���Den ver C. Siding���ar: Daily 15 50k  8:35k ex.Sundlv N. Denver Ldg: arex. Sun.lC:00k  XELSOX, TltAlL, ltOSSLAND, ETC.  ��:50k ex. Snn: lv N. Denver Ldg: arex.Sun 14.00k  TO LETTER=WRITERS  The statement is made by a Boston  newspaper that no policemen are ever  stationed on Boston Common except o.j  Sundays ana holiday*.  H,E Postal Authority's  advice to all who  write letters is to have  .the name and address  of the writer printed  upon the envelope.  This saves time and  prevents letters going  to the Dead Letter  Office. In order to  help out the public in  th .< i\;\ crsiit matter  we will print your name and address upon loo No. 7 white envelopes and mall them to any part  of Canada upon receipt of  75 CENTS.  THE LEDGE,  New Denver.  iAdveri  ti  N<  Deaiver  By using- the New Denver envelope in your  correspondence. Printed with your-,' name in  the return corner, ������ and  sold  by The Ledge at  FIRST HUNDRED,  FIFTY   CENTS   each . subsequent hundred.  Call and see sample and leave your  orders.   We are printing- now.    <  Ascertain rates *nd  full  information   by addressing nearest local agent or���  G. B. GARRETT, AgentNew Denver.  W. F. Anderson, Trav. Pass. Atrt.. Nelson.  E. J. Coyle, Dist. Pass. Agt., Vancouver.  How to ^et there is via C. P. Ry & Soo Line.  k  $1.  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red  Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  of cars between Nelson and Rossland  and Spokane and Rossland.  Direct Route to the   Mineral District of the Ool-  villo Reservation,   Nelson,  Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake  and   Slocan.  Points.  DAILY   SERVICE.  Leave.  Arrive.  6:20 a.m.  NELSON  5:35 p.m  12:05 "  ROSSLAND  11:20a.m.  8:30 a.m.  SPOKANE  3:10 p.m  Wffffffffwffffffffffffffffffff^f  WHOLESALE GROCERS  Agents for B. (J. Sugar Refinery and Royal   Gity Planing Mills."  Train leaving Nelson at 8:30 a. m. make close.*  connections at Spokane with trains for all  Pacific Coast Points.  Close connection with Steamers for Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  C. G. DIXON, Spokane, Wash  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  ' & TRADIHOCO,,  LTD.  Summer Time Card effective June 20,1898.  Subject to change without notice.  SS.  INTERNATIONAL.  South Bound North Bound  Read down. Read up.  SANDON  Train lvs Dally, 1.00 pm   Train ar daily 10.50 ant  KASLO  '���   ar      ���'      3.45 pm   Train lv   ''      8 00 am  OBoat lv 3.30 am    ���Kaslo���    Boat ar 8.30 pm >->  2.      "     J.30 am    Ainsworth "     7.30 pin's  ^      "     5.00 am    Pilot Bay "     ��.45pm~"  i o ���    "     5.30 am      Balfour "     (J.10 pm"  ��Boat ar CIO am. Five Mile Pt       "     5.23 pm %  7.15 am      Nelson " lv 4.-15 pm ��  Train ar 10.05 am Nortliport Train lv 1.55 pm >��  1120 am  Rossland "    12.05 pnr~i  310 pm    Spokane "     8.30 amQ  'Mr,  The Jeb  reem  SS. ALBERTA.  Read down. Read up.  Sandon  Daily train lv l.oo pm        Daily train ar 10.50 am  Kaslo  " ar 3.45 pm ���'        lv  8.00 am  m   Boat lv 5.00 jim Mo&T Boat ar 1.00 pm  SS      '       "  0.20pm Ainsworth Boat ar 11.40 pm_  7.00pm Pilot Bay " 11 00 pin5  ��� 10.00 pm Kuskonook " 8.00 pm~i  ' 12.00 pm Goat River " G.OO pm^g  ��� 1.00 am Boundary " 5.00 pm>,  g 5 - ar 8.00 am Bonner's F'ry ��� lv 2.00 pm-c  >xTrain lv 11.10 am ���" Train ar 1.15 pm��  ���"       ������     ar 2.45 pm Spokane      '���    lv 7.50 amrc  =3  Is the finest west of the Red River   The   Ledge   carries    the  largest stock of Printing Stationery in Kootenav, and can do  finer work than any print shop  west of Lake Superior    There are oHicesthat quote  seemingly lower prices, but quality considered, Thk Ledge is  lower than any. No Chinese or  blacksmiths employed. Send orders by mail, express, freight or  pack train   w   ."If you are in the Slocan  metropolis call  in and see  our plant, but do not touch our bull pup's pup, or allow the cyclone  caused by our fast cylinder press to blow your plug; hat out of the  rear tunnel. Come in folks when you have any job printing to  do, or cash thao is too heavy to carry,  and  we   will  give you a  i  profitable solution of your trouble.    Come, gentle pilgrims,, come.  "���3JHT  ttl��mM��IH��B��ilMWHM��M^  E3H3SJS  2BQ3&S3BXKHSESS  '��������"����"  KwisismsimjuMAm  SPECIAL KOOTENAY LAKE SERVICE,  Commencing June 20,1SDS.  On Monday, Thursday and Friday ss Alberta  will leave Kaslo 5 p. m. for Ainsworth, Pilot Bay,  and Nelson. Leaving Nelson at 8 a. m., Tuesday, Friday and Saturday, calling at Pilot Bay,  Ainsworth and Kaslo, and all way points.  GEORGE   ALEXANDER, Gen'! My-  P. 0. Box 122, Kaslo, B.C.  KASLO &-SL0CANRY"  TIME CARD  Taking effect 1.00 o'clock a. m.  Sept. 1, 1898, Pacific or 120th Meridian time.  Subject to change without notice  Leave 8 30 A.M.   Kaslo Arrive,  "   8 55     '���      South Fork       "  "   9 15     '-      Sproule's '  " 10 oo    "      Whitewater  '��� 10 08     ���'  '   Bear Lake  " 10 20    "      MeGuigan  ���' 10 34     "      Cody Junction  ���'  Arr. 10 45    "      Sandon Leave  CODY   LINE.  Leave, 11.00 a.m ��� Sandon ��� Arrive,  11.10   " Cedv Junction Leave,  Arrive, 11.25   "     ���' Cudv    -  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic .Mngr.  GEO F. COPELAND,  Superintendent  For eneai) railroad and steamship tickets tc  and from all points, apply to  , 3 30  P  .M  3 05  '  '  2 10  it  2 CO  1  i  1 .^(l  1  1 ,')��  '  '  i as  j  4  1 15  -  i  11.5!)  a,  .in  11.50  a.  m  11.35  a.  ,m  S.  CAMPBELL,  Agent. Sandon.  Brandon, B. C,  Assay Price List :  Gold, Silver, or Lead.each  $1.50  Gold, Silver and Lead, combined  3 00  Gold and Silver  2 00  Silver and Lead  2 00  Conner (by Electrolysis)  2 00  Gold, Silver. Copi��ef and Lead  4 00  Gold and Copper  2 50  Silver and Copper  2 50  Gold. Silver and Cop]>cr  3 00  Platinum  5 00  Mercury  2  Iron or Manganese  2 00  Lime, Magnesium. Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each  2 oo  Bismuth,Tin; Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each ...:..... 4 00  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter. Ash,  and. percentage of. Coke, if Coking  Coal)   Terms: 'Cash Wftli .Sample.  June 20th. 1M'5.  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and  Ai:,-clist THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 29, 1898.  [06 ^  Sixth Year  MINING   RECORDS  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded during the  ���week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Denve- were  as follows:���  LOCATIONS.  Dec 21���May, Galena Farm, Mrs J Clement.  CERTIFICATE  OF   IMPROVEMENTS  Dec 22���Morning Star No 7 to J F McCrae.  Quebec to "Wm Harrison.  ASSESSMENTS.  Dec 20���Conder, Slocan Bell, Iron Mask, Baltimore Fraction.  Dec 23���Starlight Fraction.  TRANSFERS.  Dec 20���Hemlock J. C Paas to W R Will, June  1,1897.  Dec 21��� Sligo Fraction i,  R Will. Oct 13.  Copella.Nevrery, Turns and. Wallace J,  Thompson to same. Oct 14.  Dawn Centre J, G A McLean to D A McDonald, Sept 29.  AINSWOKTH   DIVISION.  \V D Mitchell to W  Amos  locations.  Dec 20���Extension, Alex Grant; Tilley Fraction, W Houser.  ,     ASSESSMENTS.  Dec is���Murry Creek.  Dec 22���Canadian Chiof, Paris 1,900.  transfers.  Dec 1(5���Silver Wreath J, Albert Lind.  Mansaneta. J Stinson to S H Lenny, G Walker,  W Blanehneid.  Dec 17���Col Sellers, Senator Teller, W J  Bryan, R P Bland; H Brady to C Brady.  Dec 19���Egalete Fraction \, H C Tomlinson to  H Sheran.  Blizzard, release of action, J A Turner to the  Kootenai Air Supply Co. "  Dec 20���Harrison, Silver Bell 2/5 ,L J McAtte to  G Le Moine.  Glen Ellen 2/5, C F Clough to same, So.  Big Bob i, B F tfesbit to J W Gallagher.  Dec 21���Fraction Fraction.'., A Asselin to J  Blanchard, ��250.  Hermenia J, J Max Soniprey to W E Mervan.  Dec 22���Iron  Hand  ��, Johu   Hastie  to   A L  Hoiner.  Hermenia J, J M Somprey to P Dissell.  SLOGAN   OKE   SHIPMENTS.  The shiDments ot ore from July 1st,  1898, to date:  From Sandon. Tons.  Payne  8,410  Ruth.  1,739  Slocan Star  1,817  Last Chance  430  Sapphire  18$  Coin  13&  Wonderful Bird  if  Sovereign  80J  Wonderful  8  CM Wilson  2  Treasure Vault  40  Reco  59  Miller Creek  40  Blue Bird  45  Noble Five  20}  From Concentrator Siding  Idaho Mines  2,315  Queen Bess.  Manitor   From Whitewater.  Whitewater   Jackson   Whitewater Deep..  From .McGuigan.  Rambler   Antoine   Native Silver Bell.  From New Denver.  Bosun..   California ..    From Silverton.  Comstock   Emily Edith   Fisher Maiden   Vancouver   Wakefield   From'Enterprise.  Enterprise   1.038*  20"  210  50  39  95  111  30  427  40  til  20  5-1  60  120  400  Total     17,S57i  FIRST   IMPRESSIONS.  Julian Durham Describes Her Trip Into  the Slocan Over the K. & S.  Mrs. C. Henshawe, of Vancouver, the  talented authoress of "Hypnotism," and  known in literary circles as Julian Durham, thus describes a trip made by her  from Nelson to Sandon over the K. &  S. Railway:  The trip down Kootenay lake from  Nelson tc Kaslo is superb, such a  change of scenery after the rugged,  ragged loftiness of the Arrow lake surroundings, for here the conifers give  place to the alder, the birch, and the  hemlock, and gently sloping banks,  small villages nestling on level  stretches of grass-grown fields, and the  general air of cultivation have changed  the whole aspect of the country, reducing it from the magnificent to the beautiful.  The ss. Kokanee, a smaller edition  of the C. P. R. steamers that ply on  the Arrow lakes, is an exceedingly  comfortable vessel, and aboard her we  ran past numerous settlaments, stopping only at a few of them, such as  Balfour, where two stores, one house  and a church grace the landscape, and  the tents of anglers adorn the shore.  The most intense curiosity possessed me  to learn how many people generally  attended divine service in this isolated  little church, but the record was not  forthcoming, and all the information I.  could gather respecting the history of  the building was that an elderly maiden  lady in England had bequeathed the  money for its erection. What the ulterior motive of this worthy old dame's  generosity in so doing may have been,  who can tell, but doubtless the inhabitants of the one house and the two stores  profit by the unusual luxury of having a  private chapel!  At Pilot Ray smelter all was quiescent, and the other stopping places  along the lake, though picturesque in  their way, were not particularly interesting, beyond the fact that a circumstance, which first attracted my  attention on Okanagan lake, was here  re-called to memory by the actions of  the Kokanee on her arrival at each  succeeding small village. Instead of  rounding up beside a wharf built out  into the deep current, the steamer was  simply beached beside some planks, that  is to say, drawine very few feet of water,  the captiiin ran her bow foremost into  the sandy shore wherever a halt was to  be made, and when he wished to start  again the big sternwheel back-watered  furiously, and hey presto! the Kokanee  was once, more gaily afloat. This  melhod struck me as being unique, but  it worked all right.  At the town of Kaslo we entered the  great silver mining district of the Slocan.  Here at the dock everj-thing runs into  the lake, even the express carts that  come down to meet the steamers go out  axle-deep into the water, as if in flattering imitation of the railway cars that  at Arrowhead and Robaon run down on  a partially submergad track to meet the  boats.  The route  from    the   lake   shore  to  Sandon  over  the Kaslo & Slocan  Rail  way runs through some of the most  enchanting scenery imaginable, or that!  can be met with anywhere in British  Columbia, for here the mountains begin  to appear more thickly timbered all the  way up to their summits, whilst in the  valleys the obeisance of the rich bunch  grass to each subtle breeze discloses half-  hidden amongst the roots the upturned  faces of flowers upon whose petals still  lies the kisses of morning dew. When  you enter farther into the woodlands,  enveloped at dawn in a luminous haze,  it is to find the ground flecked intermittently with patches of ^ bright-hued  blossoms and flowering shrubs, forming  a color scene that at once catches the  eye by reason of its strong contrast to  the grey-green aspect so prevalent in  other parts of Kootenay, where flowers  are more rare, though scarcely less exquisite in the few localities that give  them birth.  To the botanist each season is marked  in this sourthern portion of the Province  by the predominant color in nature,  every succeeding month bringing with it  a new series of shades of one particular  hue. First in early spring upland and  dale are decked with snowy blossoms the  syringa, spirea, lily-of-the-valley, and  ox-eye daisy, blending with palest yellow violets, evening primroses and  aconites; which in their turn are replaced in June by summer's roBier flowers,  the wildfire, gentian, salmon berry, cox-.!  comb, wild lose, and poppy, all running  the gamut from palest pink to dark  magenta. And then August, what lovely mauve tints follow fast upon the  heels of the glow of the hot sun���  Michaelmas daisies and heliotrope  pansies, velvety iris and delicate blue  bells. Finally September comes, and all  the majesty of autumnal decaying  splendor overspreads the land���golden  browns and rusiets reds, vandyke  shadows and purpling tones���it is the  approach of winter, it is the end of the  flower queen's reign.  With unswerving devotion the railway line follows the course of the river  for some distance after leaving Kaslo,  now mounting up high upon the hillsides above the foaming torrent that  swirls along in its narrow, rocky bed,  now dropping to the bottom of the dense  ravine, until Whitewater, is past and a  wilder panorama opens up. Then the  track commences to rise rapidly over a  '&y2 per cent, grade and the crags overhang the line',"whilit round the verge of  dizzy heights' the little narrow-gauge  creeps and curls, here over trestles that  span the gullies, there past gigantic  boulders that jut out over the stream-  dashing along hundreds of feet below.  Thus we approach thecelebrated Payne  Bluff where the train follows an acute  angle across alternate rocks purs and  trestles over 1,000 feet up in the air, and  the traveller standing out on the rear  platform of the car may look straight  down the absolutely sheer precipice that  drops away from the railway track to the  river's edge. It is a sight unparalleled  anywhere else in the world, for during  the moments that it takes to round the  point, the cars with their human freight  are literally suspended out like Mahomet's coffin in mid-air, on a scaffolding pinned to the face of the Payne  Bluff itself at the giddy altitude of l.OoO  feet.  Almr-st before you can realize : the  awful chasm that yawns beneath your  feet, the sickening sensation ia'past,.and  in a short while the train steams into  Sandon, the gulch town in the heart of  the Slocan silver mining district. In  common parlance, and with a certain  amount of truthful foundation, the Slocan has been called the "poor man's  country," as there a miner with small  means will probably find more openings  than in the Trail district.  Sandon itself is a truly marvellous  settlement, situated at the bottom of a  ravine between two ranges of tremendously high mountains, and so narrow is  tha townsite that there is only room for  one street to run along it with houses on  either side, the back premises of  which slope up against the hillsides, the  actual level ground in the valley covering an area scarcely 20 fe��t in width.  Should you chance to take a drive along  this main street of Sandon, you cannot  turn your lig until you have gone the  total length thereof, and reached the  sand and gravel beds at the farthest end,  over which the river runs in a dozen  intersecting streams only a few inches  deep; or if you happen to meet with  another carriage en route serious discussion will assuredly arise as to who  has the right-of-way ! Behind this row  of houses that borders . the street (please  remember the accent of the "the") there  are numerous dwellings scattered over  the mountains, to the right hand, and to  the left, looking in their perilous positions like birds of,. prey perched in  downward flight. Yet in this curious  elongated town there is a remarkably  good hotel, the Reco, so named after the  well-known Reco mine. Of course you  must not expect to enjoy too many  luxuries in a chree-year-old place. For  instance the butter may be a little old-  fashioned, or the meat a trifle advanced,  or again having gone to Slocan principally in order to secure rest and change, you  may find that the hotel-keepers get your  change and the express drivers all the  rest���still the traveller who is not ultra-  pernicketty generally fares very well in  spite of such minor drawbacks.  During the space of three months the  sun shines not at all in Sandon, for so  low-buried is the town betwixt the enormous surrounding hills that in winter  no warm rays can penetrate into its  depths. Altogether it is rather a dreary  place, yet so unique withal that it exercises a certain curious, if depressing,  fascination entirely its own over the  minds of visitors. At times the scenery  waxes almost oppressive, so closely are  the mountains banded together, so dark  the'fir trees, and so dense the foliage;  for even where the rocks break through  the forest, and escarped peaks jag tlie  line of the horizon, they bear more  the appearance of bones protruding  through the soil-covering than an actual  resemblance to the stony cliffs of the  Kootenay. Here the tragedy of loneliness might fitly be enacted.  Sandon has been rightly named, for it  is built upon the sand of the dry river  bed, and those who on first "arrival  marvel at its extraordinary location soon  find out the why and wherefore of the  establishment of this eccentric settlement in a spot so forsaken by God that  it would be a paradise of safety for Godforsaken men, for all around it are the  wonderfully rich silver mines that in the  year 1896 attracted considerable attention as the money-making possibilities of  very high-grade silver-lead veins became  more apparent. The increased output  of the Slocan during 1897 speaks for  ���itself, whilst the records of some of the  mineB for the   past year are excellent.  One significant feature characterizing  189S has been that despite the fact that  gold is the favorite, and silver has fewer  friends, seve: al of the larger and developed properties have passed under the  control of British capital, whilst others  are now being examined with a view to  purchase, as the public commences to  realize that this high-grade Slocan silver-  lead ore is exceedingly profitable.  Within an incredibly short space of  time a boom began, and towns sprang  up in every direction throughout the  district, but amongst them all Sandon  still holds itsiown.  Close by are the Slocan Star, Payne,  Ruth, Reco, Idaho, Noble Five and  Queen Bess mines. At the Slocan Star,  which was discovered in 1891, and has  declared dividends aggregating $300,000  up to date, the concentrator is kept  busy, the lower tunnel having struck the  ore chute, which so far proves to be concentrating stuff.  A visit to the Payne mine is very interesting. There the three-railed gravity tramway used for transporting the  ore to both the Kaslo & Slocan and the  Canadian Pacific railways is the longest  one ever completed in the world, being  6,000 feet in length, with a vertical drop  of 2,500 feet. The ore cars which have a  capacity of five tons, make the descent  in an average time of eight minutes,  and when the traveller comes flying  down clingling to one of these trucks the  hair fairly stands on end. Thenceforward he deems tobogganing slow sport!  In Sandon there are no Chinese, indeed there are very few Mongolians in  the Slocan at all, and should a fresh  Chinaman dare to invade the locality  he would be promptly hoisted out of  town, and that, too. with no gentle  petard. Yet it was here that I fell in  with more cosmopolitan travelling companions than anywhere else in British  Columbia. Of course there were the  ordinary capitalist, prospector and miner, but then one saw so many new  varieties of these classes, as well as  numerous other tourists, that life proved vastly entertaining. For instance  the mining expert is a sort of man quite  apart from the rest of creation. Really  it would be most useful were some one  versed in such matters to continue Mark  Twain's definition of a "mine" and an  "investor," and write a dictionary of  Kootenese; much interesting information might thus be promulgated for the  benefit of "tenderfeet." It would be so  instructive too. But let us give the  devil his due���mining men do not as a  rule unnecessarily don overalls and pickaxes as frequently as 'ranchers do their  riding-togs and spurs���when they go up  vo the city of Vancouver.  It was in Sandon that I first encountered the genus "rubberneck." Enquiry  one day as to what a certain man was  doing in the neighborhood elicited the  laconic response: "Rubbernecking  round." It took me alittle time to find  out the exact definition oE this curious  phrase, and when 1 did it was edifying.  Another instance of the public boon,  and labor-saving device, a Kootenese  encyclopedia would be!  Fok Sale.���The following goods: 600  feet 14 and 16 inch riveted pipe, new;  2 elbows, 1 tap, 7 short pieces; will stand  a pressure of 820-foot head. One 6-foot  Pulton wheel as good as new with some  extra buckets, new journals, etc. All  in complete order. Outfit can be seen  at my mill across the lake from New  Denver. Cost me, freight, duty and  goods, $1,350. Wheel cost new $1,200.  f.b.b."factory. I will sell outfit for $1,200  cash. S. M. Wharton, East Spokane,  Wash., or care The Ledge.  F. Pyman has again commenced to do  business in New Denver.- Bring your  watches to him when they are out of  order.  H. H. Knox,  Has removed to the  Newmarket  Block and is prepared'to repair  every description of  Disabled  Watches.  aslo hotel  Family & Commercial.  arge  And  Comfortable  zAg     Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates ��2.50  and. $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  The  . a comfortable hotel IV  to stop at.  Nakusp,  ���r travellers  Mrs. McDougaid/  FRED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings always on hand.  Jas. M. Patterson  &  Co.  Dealers in "ffv  S  Stationery  and a complete line of  Goods.  Eyes tested and glasses  fitted for any vision  Whitewater, B.C,  atches,  Clocks,  Silverware,  aod Jewelery,  Are among the most valuable and  beautiful of PRESENTS.  I have the largest and best assorted  stock in the Slocan. Every article  of the best. Be sure and see for  yourself.  Hunter Bros;  Are   selling the choicest  Staple & Fancy Groceries  that can be obtained anywhere.    Mail your orders &  if you can't visit our store,  SANDON*- - ROSSLAND  !    -,  *-������.  f     Eastern  Oysters,   Tender  t  Chickens   and    everything  pi the   Market  affords in the  palatable food can be found  at The  Palace  Strangers and others are  requested to call on us when  5 hunger torments1 their inter-  rices  the lowest  G. W. GRIIvIMETT,  Sandon, B. C.,..'    Jeweler & Optician  mFLIfi BI?OS  "/l^���7l\v^^���7^^���7i^���7l^-?^^"?l^vk,  Wholesale  Wine & Liquor Merchants  ......of SANDON   Carry the finest Stock of Liquors in  the Kootenay Country.  # nal anatomy  If John is not  on shift you are sure to find  t Charley  Is the  Best-equipped  Restaurant  in the Slocan  11  It never Closes  and the proprietors aim  to please their patrons  in every Avay possible.  Millard & Thompson.  D.E.GellatIy&Sons  -DEALERS IN  Farm Produce,.Fruits,  and  Vegetables,  Okanagan Lake,  P   O. BRUCE'S LANDING  For the convenience of the trade a stock is always kept on hand in the  Jelland Building, SANDON. Mines supplied at wholesale rates. Cars  loaded with Produce, Fruits and Vegetables are run into the Slocan every  TEN DAYS, and orders can be delivered en route.  Orders  by mail   or  wire promptly  .. ...attended to   I have been appointed  agent for the Leth-  bridge Coal Co., and  will sell their products  at reasonable   prices.  E. A.Cameron  SANDON.  Dealers in  Hardware,   Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  SLOGAN CITY, B.C.  ft  NEW DENVER,   B. C.  Provides ample and pleasant accommodation for the traveling public  Telegrams for rooms promptly attended to.  STEGE &AVISON,       -       -       -       -      '- Proprietors.  DR. MILLOY,  ENTIST  Rooms in Reco Hotel, Sandon.  ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP TICKETS.  To and from European points via Canadian  and Americaii lines. Apply for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information to any C. P.  Ry agent or���  G. B. GARRETT,  C. P. R. Agent. New Denver.  WM. STI.TT, Sen. S. S. Agfc., Winnipeg.  BRICK  FOR SALE.  JOHN GOETTSCHE,  NEW DENVER.  ��  !X  You Can  I By selecting you r  BROOCHES  PENDANTS  NECKLACES  BRACELET!  From  the immense stock  of Watches  in Solid  Gold, Gold Filled, or Si1 ver Cases, in all sizes  from  the  smallest  in Lady's to  those  suitable for the most severe work.  Set with Diamond:"-  Emeralds, Opals, Pearls,  Rubies and Olivines  ��gf"E very thing in clocks for either Office, Hall,  Mantle or Bedroom. There is nothing in British  Columbia as good in Jewelery and Silverware.  The Well-Known and Reliable Meriden Britannia Hollow-ware and  1847 Rogers Bros. Knives, Forks and Spoons. Goods bought in  this store will be ENGRAVED FREE. Orders   by mail  promptly  attended to. JACOB D0TOR, Nelson, B. C.

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