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The Ledge Feb 11, 1897

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 Vol, IV. No. 2a  NEW DENVER, B.C., FEBRUARY 11, 1897.  Price $2.00 a Year.  NEWBENVERTflEPLACE  Vancouverites   are  Preparing: to  Come this Way in the Spring  NEWSY LETTER FROM THE COAST  Vancouver, Feb. 6. ���The greatest  interest has been excited among local  capitalists oyer the energetic movements made of late in the Slocan  country l>y the British syndicate,  which is operating' through the  agency of Messrs. Evans Bros, of this  city. In some, quarters the floating  ofthe Galena Farm Co. has been censured, but the thorough manner in  which the management is proceeding  with development and the authenticated richness of the vein are having  the desired effect in restoring confidence. The latest move of the syndicate in purchasing the Alamo basin  properties and concentrator for $500,-  000 is looked upon as one of the  cheapest and best investments ever  made in the Province, These properties being on a dividend paying  basis warmly commend themselves  to the representatives of British  capital, and the result will be advan  tageoiis to the country. So many  sales at such. large figures is rapidly  diverting public attention to Canada's  great white metal camp, faith in  which is growing stronger as the  days go by. '  New Denver is "spoken of now.as  often as any town in the Kootenay  country���quite a change from that of  a year ago.;; Its clo_eiproximity4o  the mines, its. admirabIe7Jocat?on,  beautiful' scenery and undoubted  healthful surroundings are freely advertised, and many are expressing  their intentions of locating in the  Lucerne of North America. ��� Another  strong drawing1 card for the town is  the decision of the Bank of Montreal  to open .a branch there. This has  caused the business men of the coast  to open their eyes as to the possible  chances of the Slocan lake country,  a rid makes more certain the future of  New Denver.; General approvaiyis  expressed of the ban k's movement,  especially among mining men. as  they will now make Denver the basis  of their operations, it is more than  probable the Imperial Bank wfil locate in the neighborhood also.  D. McLachJan, of New Denver, is  visiting in the city. He is figuring  upon importing dry lumber from the  coast. Messrs. Harris and Cleverly,  also of New Denyer, and J. Sullivan  of Slocan City, were registered  here this week.  T. Matthews, who was a frequent  visitor in New Denver during the  summer, has��pened a broker's office  here, his specialty being Slocan properties. He has just put through a  number of deals on Cariboo creek.  y The coal barons of Vancouver  island met with a reverse this week  that will, it is hoped, prove a lesson  to them and materially benefit the  Province for all future time. The  Full Court of the Province, sitting at  Victoria, has handed down a judgment declaring the constitutionality  of the act forbidding the employment  of Asiatic labor in underground workings. This will come especially  heavy on the Dunsmuirs, who have  been working Mongolians by the  hundreds at Comox and Union. The  judgment will have a  bearing upon  the future 1 if e of mining camps in '.he  Kootenay^  Last night a powerful meeting was  held in the Market Hall against  Asiatic immigration. Addresses were  given by Messrs. Walkera, Forster  and Cotton. M.P.Ps., Hewitt Bostock,  M.P, and several others. Resolu  tions were passed appealing to the  federal authorities to pass more stringent laws of exclusion. The feature  of the meeting was the speech made  by Rev. Mr. Coleman in support of  the Chinese. The worthy missionary  was proven false in his statements,  and the drubbing he received will  ever be a lesson to him.  With the visit of Albani,, the pres  ence of Her Majesty's North Pacific  squadron in port, the propagation of  the People's railway idea, and the  anti-Mongolian agitation, Vancouverites have not had much chance this  week to think about mines. Golden  Cache still continues the strongest  factor in the local stock market. The  name bids fair to be remembered for  future generations. A townsite, to be  called Cachetown, is being surveyed  close to the mine, and one of the principal backers is to erect a building  here, to be known as the Golden  Cache block. Two Friends holds wjII  here, and advices from the east report sales of 10,000 shares at 35 cents.  Bondholder is improving in tone and  confidence. Dardanelles has withdrawn all treasury stock. The recent  $100,000 dividend of the Reco has  stiffened itsshares, very few of which,  however,,are. held on the coast. St.  Keverne>and Fisher Maiden are well  spoken ot In Alberni the conflicting shareholders of the Mountain Rose  have pooSpd their interests, and this  will.end "Jjje ridiculous spectacle in  regard to that property. Van Anda  stock���a big copper property oh  Texada Island-^-bas hachmany inquiries and, a .few sales. Boundary  creek, Fairv'iew and Rossland quota:  tions are quiet.  The following mineral claims are  embraced in the Kokanee Mining Co.,  of which mention was made last  week: Lake View, Royal City and  Mayflower, situated on Kokanee  creek; Six Friends and Volunteer,  south fork of Kaslo creek; Mountain I  Flower and Golden Bazaar, north'  fork Of Ten Mile creek; Jioyal Arthur arid Charmer, second north fork  of Lemon creek; and an undivided  naif interest in the Hungry Five  mineral claim situated on south fork  of the Kaslo creek.  the whole of the hillside at that point  is included in one very wide ledge,  very much as is the case with the  Kootenay vein in the east side of  Columbia hill.    ������-.'  The ore shipments for January  foot up 4,876 tons. This was distributed among the following mines: Le  Roi, War Eagle, Josie, Iron Mask,  Cliff, Jumbo, Kootenay, Red Moun  tain and O. K.  The new ore; chute to the west of  the old one in the Le Roi maintains  its width and is running extraordinarily high in both gold and copper.  A sample assay showed $388 in gold  and 14 per cent, copper.  Very rich ore is now being taken  from rhe face of the No. 2 tunnel in  the Cliff. It is a fine grained chal-  copyrite and carries over two ounces  in gold and about 24 per cent, copper,  making a total value of about $65 per  ton.  BANK FOR NEW DENVEK  The  drift  being  run  from the  Southern Belle Snowshoe tunnel is  presenting very interesting findings.  An assay of $3i.84 was obtained from  the ore being found in the face of the  drift, with a showing of 20 per cent,  copper.  The Mayflower mine is looking  better every day.. The east drift,  which followed the ore chute into the  hill, is how run 25 feet and the clean  ore is 30 inches wide. The ore is of  excellent grade, showing a good deal  of galena.  AINSWORTH  The Bank of Montreal are opening  a branch in New Denver which is an  evidence that the managers of that  institution know a snap when they  see it.   It is the first branch of this  bank to open in the Slocan, and a  paying business awaits them.   This  paper has lost an ad,  but thank God  we have got a bank at last.  Stop   Their   Game.  TRAIL   MINING   NOTES,  A block; of 50,000 shares in the  Silver Bell was sold last Tuesday to  one man at 10 cents a share.  Ihe St. Elmo tunnel is now in St.  Elmo ground arid a crosscut will now  be run both north and south to expose  the ledge,   y  It is reported that a prominent  member of the Canadian parliament  now in London has been negotiating  for the purchase of the Le Roi mine.  The Iron Mask vein has been cut  at the 210 foot level, and the grade of  the ore runs about $45 per ton, the  clean ore body being 15 inches wide.  The Rossland Miner states there is  little or no doubt that the Northport  smelter is to be built and chat,the  work will be commenced by March 1.  There is a great showing just now  at the Iron Colt. It has lately been  shown in excavating for the new  machinery plant to be put in, that  A dozen men., have been -put-to  work on the Black Diamond with  Dan McDonald as foreman.  The Tariff mine made a shipment  of ore last week A steam pump on  the property is now used to keep the  water down and a Burleigh drill is  also in operation. About 20 men are  employed  A number of small properties are  being worked and many capitalists  have visited the- camp this winter  looking after Ainsworth property.  The prospects of this camp never  looked brighter than at present.  The upraise to the surface to furnish the miners with good air, has  been completed on the Highlander.  Development work is being pushed  rapidly.  A crew of men has been working  on the Dellie mine all winter and it  is showing up well. The No. 1 mine  is working full blast and the concentrator is running night and day. Mr.  Shaw, the manager, made another  shipment of concentrates to Everett  last week.  A Square   Man  Win. Thomlinson will sever his  connection with Bourne Bros, store  this month. Mr. Thomlinson will be  missed from th's pioneer establishment, but it is pleasant to know that  he will still remain in the Slocan. He  has done a great deal for this now  famous district, and nearly everyone,  especially the oldtimers, will be glad  to know that fortune has dealt kindly  with him. After a short holiday he  will probably open a mining broker's  office and if he does, his sterling character and honorable way of doing  business is sure to bring success to  him. :  ��� .  Send 10 cents for a copy of The  Ledge containing Cariyle's report on  the Slocan.  For some time past an application  for a private bill to incorporate a  company to operate in a variety of  ways in arid around Slocan City and  Brandon has been advertised. The  citizens of those towns have entered  a strong: protest to,the government as  follows:-  Whereas, The powers of expropriation in said notice mentioned would  by implication enable said company  to force a purchase of any business,  industry or enterprise within the said  radius by simply expropriating the  site thereof."  Whereas, In said private bill no  charter, grant, privilege, franchise  or exclusive right should be granted  so as to create a monopoly or give  said company any exclusive rights  whatever.    -  And, whereas, A grant of the  water rights on the creeks and  streams within the said radius to said  company would prevent the erection  of many concentrators/sawmills and  other works; would enable said company ^to charge others such rates as  their interest ;^u^ would  have the effect of retarding the  growth of our towns and the development of bur mines, which cannot be  worked without a large amount of  water; would causes*tdepreciation in  value of all property^rffrhin the said  radius; would result in a great loss of  revenue to the Province and would  make the present arid all future inhabitants and property owners within said radius mere vassals of said  company; therefore,  Resolved, That we the residents of  the said towns of Brandon arid Slocan  City and vicinity, in public meeting  assembled, do protest (1) against the  incorporation of said company with  the powers of expropriation in said  notice mentioned, or any power of expropriation whatever. (2) Against  the grant to said company by any  private act under said notice of any  charter, grant, privilege, franchise  or exclusive right whatever.  We further resolve that no company  or person should by private act be  given the power to take or use the  water of any creek or stream within  the said radius except under the provisions of the Land Act, Mineral Act  1896, and other general public acts  made and provided, or except for a  limited use upon the special petition  of the town or community most  affected.  Th��  Two  Friends.  Last week this paper said that the  Two Friends mine refused to furnish  its men with rubber coats. Upon investigation we find one of  their miners quit because the rubber  coat offered him did not suit him.  The manager did not see fit to buy any  more coats than were on hand, hence  the rumor. There is evidently no  truth in it as the Superintendent says  they have no intention of making the  men furnish their -own rubber cloth  ing. 2  THE   LEDGE,  Fourth Year.  &l!l!!!lill!!]!!l!!l!l!!!l!l!!lll!II!l!!!!!l!!M  I On the Slocan Mining District, Giving an Ex-iaustiye |  1 Review of Its Wonderful Mineral Deposits. |  lilllllllllilllllllilillliillililillilllllllllllllllillllitlllililllllllllllillllilH  lOfflcial report of Irro\incial Mineralogist.]  The Slocan, according to the number of its  ilar conditions and cost of labor, supplies, ete>  obtain, may be oi value ,���  Al'l -KOXIMATE YIELD AND COST OF' STQl'ING  TEE  TON OF 6re .BROKEN-' ���'  THICKNESS OF   .  1'AY-STREAK. ...     TONS .  Calculated for ore when  per sq fathom  13 cubic feet -, 1 ton       ol ore sheet  A streak 4 indies wide yields      0.02  " 1.38  shipping mines and,t��_ amount and value of the  ore sold, now ranks as tlie most productive mining district in the Province, and in point of importance ia not surpassed by any other.  In an area of fifteen by twenty five miles, there  have been discovered many veins of high grade  silver-lead ore, which are being developed with  great vigor and success, and among the mining  men is every feeling of confidence and hopefulness. This winter nearly fifty of these properties  are shipping high grade ore that yields very, pro-  '..' fitable returns, and a large number of other claims  ',.. are being opened up. ��� ;      - '.'  So far but comparatively little imported capital  has been expended here, as,, in the case of nearly  every mine now established, sufficient money has?  been realised from ore extracted during���, develop,  ment to pay for more extensive workings, new  buildings, mills, trails, roads and also dividends,  but more or le?s capital will be required to properly  open up many other claims on which tlie yeins exist, but are not so easily accessable as those' first  discovered.   But as most of these ye;.ns; are found  along the steep mountain sides and earibe worked  by tunnels, andthe cost of mining is low, requiring  little or no machinery, capital will be 'necessary,  mostly when tramways and concentrators are to  be built, or in some cases for hoisting plants and  pumps when tunnel sites may hot be available. .-- z  Many of these mines are located near the sum.?  mits of the high precipitous mountains at an elevation of 5500 to 6500 feet above sea level0 where  erosion has cleared away nearly all the debris from  "the veins but lower down also on the mountain  sides and in the valleys, are being found other  ,    veins or those discovered first much higher up.to the  highest of which now run arood trails or wagon  roadsor else wire rope tramways.   The snow that  lies deep on these summits during the .winter-is in  nowise detrimental to mining operations, as most  ���work is done after its fall, when the ore can be  .- dragged down the smooth snow trails iri raAyhides:  in larger loads and at lower prices than are possible in tlie summer time,!but the tracks of snow-  slides must be carefully avoided.     .  ��� ; -; ',;  During 18915,18,215 tons of ore yielded 2,lil,088  ounces of silver and 19,210,666 pounds of lead, or cin  average of 117.i ounces of silver per ton and 52.7%'  lead which would have jou-iel; profit of about $75  per ton, while, many carloads were shipped that  yielded from 300 to 400 ounces of silver per ton.  The "Slocan Star" has.- of, course' the largest  chute of high grade ore yet found in the district, I  and we are kindly permitted to state that from 11,-  529 tons of ore and concentrates sold during the  last three years, 912,600 ounces of silver and 13,-  482,000 pound* of lead have been paid f jr by the  smelters, and of these amounts 700;) tons yielded  6u0 OOOJ ounces of silver and 9,000,000 lbs, of lead  during the past season of 1896.  Man v of the veins are small, varying from 2 to 3.  Inches in width to 20 to 3D inches of solid ore, but  ( the high value of silver at present makes this ore  very profitable together with the' low cost of  breaking ground. The small Reeo-Goodenough  vein, the width of which is measured in inches, is  probably the richest vein yet mined, as from the  smelter returns of 600 tons-the average was 407  ounces of silver per ton and 42 % 'ead. The high  percentage of lead makes this ore a very desirable  one for the smelters, and the lead contents are usually sufficient to pay tlu f reight and treatment  charges, and tlie duty charged on the lead.  ' At no time in the history of this district have so  niaiiy mines had high grade ore exposed, and of  such mines can be named among others the Slocan  Star, Ruth, Wonderful Monitor, Idaho, Alamo,  Cumberland, Ivan hoe, Queen Bess, Wild Goose,  Payne Group, Slocan Boy, Washington, R.E.Lee,  , Last Chance, Noble Five Group, Reco,: Good  enough, Blue Bird, Antoine, Surprise, Rambler,  Best,   Dardanelles,  Northern   Belle, Whitewater,  Moist "of the veins are ��� narrqw, varying fi om 2  and 3 inches to 15 and 20 inches in width, with  occasional widenings to 3 or 4 feet of solid ore,  and even much more, as seen in the Slocan Star  and the Alamo-Idaho veins.   The ore chutes are  not persistent horizontally, as is characteristic of  nearly all veins, but ore 'is often continuous for  several hundred feet.and where it then pinches,a  thin streak of oxides is tho index usually followed  in the search  for more ore, which seldom fails  to re-appearcwith more or lees work. The mistake  is made sometimes of following along a. slip-well  or crevice   that may cross the vein crevice at a  flat angle, and thus lead the mirier astray.   Besides tlie solid ore some   veins   have associated  with them 2,3 or more feet of mixed ore, gangue  andtcbuntryroekjor a breceiated mass which may.  be of such grade as to pay well for concentration;,  and already there are three concentrators^ ithe.  Alamo, Slocan Star and Washington, doing very  satisfactory work, and the Noble Fve mill almost  completed, with'the..erection of two, at least, contemplated this  year.   Tha  protract or concentrates is < silver-bearing galena, but any value  contained in the decomposed material that mav  enter the mill/will in all probability/-not be  saved, likewise, that in much; Of the grey ��� copper,  which apparently sliuies ba'lly and escapes,   .  The ore is shipped as "crude," or the solid 6r  unaltered sulphides, or as "carbonates," i. e.,  the decomposed ore, consisting of oxides and  carbonates of iron, lead and silver, the mass  a, reddish-brown color, . wstlv more or less yellow  material; those carbonatesi with a soft, velvety  feel, assaying', highest in silver. All material  about these veins should, be earofullyassayed  before being relegated to'the waste-dump, where  good ore, unsuspected, has already" been thrown;  especially soft, iron-stained decomposed rock or  vein matter;    ������'������; ;/;������-'   -���; ;���'.     ���:���'"."���  Gold  "!���';  6  II  S  II  1')  II  12  II',  14  1.85  2.31  2.77,  3.23  COST  per  ton  $17.33  11.55  8.67  6.93  5.78  4.95  It might lie well to be on the outlook for  gold,remembering the good gold values,found iin  the galena ores of the Monitor mirie,Avhich|yield  from *2 to >14 in gold per ton ; one lot of 20; tons;  of crude ore assay ing $20 peV ton in gold, while  the,carbonates" average 413,' the smelter paying  for allgold above ��2';. or one- tenth of an ounce.  The carbonates" seldom are as high, grade in  silver as theanaltered, or crude ore in the vein,  but in someaniues this class ��� of ore is very-valit-j  able. .': : ���'���������''��� '������ : ��� ���'���  While most of the veins are not 'wldar, the"richness of their ores greatly compensates, as maybe seen front the; lead and: silver values as per  smelter returns from a few of the mines, as :���  (d) For labor the. average paid miners is $3.50  for 10 hours, or $3 $3,00 i-tv. 8 hours; timber men,  $3.50 for 10 hours; shift bosses, j.,4 to *5 a day ;  blacksmiths, $3.50to��4 per 10 hours; trammers  and tO]j'nien, .*2;59 to;;13 for 10 hours.  (e) '< For supplies. No 1 giant powder costs about  18 to 22 cents a lb; No 2, .-9 per 50 Ib.box ; candles,  t>7 a 40 lb box: cord wood, $1.50. to .'2.50 at the  mine; rough timber,> 11,50 to 412.50 perM; drill  steel, 16 cents a lb. The cost of food and other  supplies is now very reasonable.  Transportation���(a)   The cost  of packing  down ore on 1101ses in the summer time varies  from%5 to $8.50 per ton torai,road.   In the winter  time, by rawinding, ��2.50 to .-3.50 per ton :  \ (b) j By waggons or sleighs,:\\ to s;2.59 per ton.  '(c) Cbstoftransportationfromshii>pirig.centres  to ^hesnie Iters in the United States, from Sandon,  $7.50 ;��� jrom Slocan City,fell.,���"������...  Treatment���The treatment charges depend  upon whether the ore is crude or carbonates and  on the latter according to the percentage of .leach  On the crude ore, or nearly pure galena, the  smelter charges vary from ^15 5'J to $18 per ton;  oil the carbonates from $9 to $15 per toil ; the *49  rate being given in one case -where the lead did  not;.exceed20 7y��� -:y ���:-"'. ���;'-������--������  i The smelters pay for 950/o of the silverand 90��/o  of lead, assay values, at the New York quotations  at time of settlement. ,-..., ;....������������ ,...'���..  For zinc, 50 cents is charged per unity about _0  per cent. ������'The duty on lead in the ore entering the  United States is f of,a. cent per _>.,������. ���_".;.  ��� '���'��� ;  ; DESCRIPTION OF CLAIMS :   J  SlocairStar; ;  Reco y     :;..;.  Goodenough  Noble Flvj  Last i chance'  Wonderful  Ruth  Monitor  Wellington  Whitewater  Dardanelles  Enteqirise  Two Friends  ..  -etc  ozs silver per  '    ;."^:.iv.90--t_:  Norincrn  Wellington, Charleston, Lucky Jim. London Hillj  Heed & Tenderfoot, Fisher Maiden Thompson  Group, Galena Farm, Enterprise, Neepewa, Bondholder. Two Friends, Howard Fraction.  TI.IK   ''ORE    AND    ORE     DETOSITS.  There are four distinct kinds of veins in the  .  Sloean;--  '1.   The argentiferous galena, with' zinc blend,  and some grey copper in a gaugue or matrix oi  quart/, aud'spathic iron.   These veins cut across  tno stratified  rocks,   and  through" the d vices ol  eruptive rock,'where, in many cases there  Ls a  good body of ore, and they also occur in the  granite area, and with even the limited amount  oc prospecting, some have been traced from 3,000  to 4,000 feet along the strike, aud one for nearly 2  miles.   In the Sloean slates, it has not yet been  proven,  that   as   the   vein cuts  through shales  sl.ites.lhnestones or quarUites.that any one of the  series has been favorable to the formation of ore-  bodies than another, as in tho different veins h  will be seen that'good ore chutes mav have the  wall of any of these rocks mentioned'.   The ore  has; been deposited along fissures, both in the open  fissure cavities, and by inuregnation of the country rock, and in the "cavity-tilled veins can be  seen the banded-structure described elsewhere, or  the solid, usually big-cubed galena,shows lines oi  foliation'paralell with the walls, but.it is evident  that  further morion  has.occurred along some oi  tins.' vi.'jn llssuivs. aili-r   ore has been depf.silec'. /  ton, '--per,cent lead  95....  <������������������- : 70to75  .83 ;to730 -������.*'���      :��������� .'-:M to til.  167 to 507              ; 15 to 67  62 tb 543- 30 to 75  135 ,.to 238 85 to 78  113:   to-133.   ���":; 70 to 76  .40 to. 125 15 to 73  142 to 367 32 to 57  125 tO 328 10 to 55  72 to 326 10 to 65  149 '���tb'47n   ��� 15 to 55  155 to 180             ��� 18 to 30  248 to 38.) 38 to 52  etc. etc  The other Slocan mines have ore of the same  character and high grade, as may be seen in  detailed accounts below.;1 The lowest values in  the above indicate the lowest smelterreturns on  ore that is classed as carbonates. The  value of all the ore sold been given above  Zinc :���In most of these veins the zinc blende  carries a small silvor value and. is sorted or concentrated out of the ore, so that very, little ore  sent to; the smelter has over 10 pe/, zinc limit.  But in the Enterprise mine, on Ten Mile, the  best silver assays are said to be got from the zinc  blende, which is much more vaulable .than the  galena. . As is to be expected, small lots of very  rich ore are mined,ore that will yield from one  to two thousand ounces per ton, hut tha average  figures already given will indicate the importance of these veins that are nbw being mined in  both granite and stratified rocks. of this district.  2 The veins of argentiferous tetrahedrite or  grey copper and jamesoiuto and silver compounds ma quartz gaugue.  . These '.veins can be seen in the granite exposure  oh the Best and Ramblor mines, and in the  stratified rocks Oil   the''London Hill property,  Iri describing the mining properties the followr  ing grouping'has been followed., Beginning at  Sandon?on tlie southfork of Carpenter creek,now  the distributing and main-shipping' centre in the  Slocuii. where recently the Bank ol, Briti^hjColunir  bia and the'Barik of British North'.'America' have  pf;enedoffices:.���.������ -������'.>���'������"���'������    ;;   ;    "J ;  ���   (a.y The mines and claims on the mountain  range south of the creek arethe Slocan Star^Ruth;  Wondeiiul, Canadian, and  Adam's groups. Ivan  hoe;i Yakima,,Alamo, Idaho, Cumberland, Queen.  Bess,'Monitor, and adjacent claims:  . (bi) The mines arid claims on'the south sl.one of  tliemountain range running; eaist and west',north  of the creek, as Lucky Jim, Payne,���'; Slocan Bby^  R; E. Lee, Last ChaMCi, Noble Five.. American',  Boy, Reco, Goodenougii, Bliie'Bird. &c;y"withi the  claims iri the basins on. the north.slope as Nortbern  Belle, Dardanelles, Rambler, Best, Surprise, )An  toine, Washington, &c;:      ';';������ 'y  (c). The mines and claims.north of the it'. & S.  Ry.,as the W Kite water, Wellington,. Londoi#_tiil,  &c-:';: ���';:'���' y' ���.': '���;'-' ::'77 ��� XX '; X; v:;';;... }\ ;.;;���;:  ; :(d'.)' The mines and claims on tlie ''creeks/^tributary to Slocau lake: : ;.;���,;  '; |      '  (e.) Claims on Crribao creek and-its  ies. ;:.'"."' ,' ���'"''" ;���;"'  ti^jbutar  :    S :  SLOCAN STAR,  from which very high grade ore has been'ship  pod. ���   .'��� ���  3 The dry o'e v.i is on Springer aid Lemon  Greeks, in the granite, with a quartz gaugue containing argon tile, native silver, and gold.  These veins are now attracting much attention, as high assay returns have Meen secured as  por smelter returns; sorted ore of this character  from the Howard Fraction yielding 163 to 206  ounces of silver per ton, and ?16 to .-26 per ton in  gold.  The Chaplcau recently received tlie smelter  returns on tour tons of sorted ore, irorii which 3.6  ���ounces oi* gold and 91.7 ounces of silver iper ton  Wi re n tui'ned.netting -he owneis $102 pe -ten alter  deducting the freig.it and treatment.charge,?.  4 The gold quartz veins in the southern part  of the granite, such as those reported to be on the  Alpine group.  The values and characteristics of the last three  ment oned '(i.s.^es of vein will be better understood later on, as the work now begun yields  ���:*esults and information.  Cos  ts.  Mining���(a) The cost of driving, tunnels and  drifts varies irom $3 to $9 per foot in stratified  rocks, and from ������:7 to ;.^10 in the granite  (b) The cost of sinking shafts" from ^12 to ��20,  but so far little work of this kind has been done:  (c) The cost ot" sloping cannot be ascertained,  but the following table, coin idled bv Edmund B  Kirby, Al E, and  Soicrit itic Society  pevicn*'!' gained ;n C -.iirad:).   win*  X\ veu iu a paper to tlie Colorado  , D-ombcr 3rd, 1S94. from ex-  neiniv sim-  e  This-property has not only paid a larger^mount  of dividends, or ^300,000, than any other, mine" in  British Columbia, af.art from tht coal and placer  mines, but has proved itself to be the-largest silver-  lead mine* so far developed in the province It  was discovered October 7th,,1891, by one of the  present owners,; Mr. Briice AVhite, and .others, who.  following-up Sandon creek, discovered hi the bed  of. this'stream, a .mile above its junction with the  south fork of Carpenter creek, tue site of the town  of Sandon. a vein 13 feet 'wide, of quartz arid  spathic iron, interspersed with galena, zinc blende,  and angular pieces of slate country rock. Prospecting to the west in a dense forest of heavy timber along the strike of the vein, at about 8oo feet,  a large exposure of the surface croppings of .the  large ore chute was found, and here the Slocan  Star claim has developed the ore body to .be der  scribed below.  This group of claims, all Crown  granted  or  Crown grants applied for; comprises the Slocan.  Star, Slocan King, Silversmith, La Plunta, Wind-"  sor,Sohgo,Emina and Jennie,of which Slocan Star,,  Slocan King, and Silversmith, apex; claims, are  located along the trend of the yein. for about 4000  feet.   It is owned by tiie Byron N. White Co.,  Pres.,   Angus  Smith,   Milwaukee,   Wis.;     Gen.  Manager,   Byron  N.  White;      Superintendent  Bruce White, Sandon.   Capital stuck oi the company 1.000,000 shares at 50 cents each.    '.  okk body.���This vein cuts across the steep, hea\ -  ily timbered mountain side and; nearly at right  angles to the well stratified slates, quartzites and  silicons limestones of the Slocan slate series, with  an east and west strike and a dip of 5_������ to the  south. While this vein has been traced through  and beyond this property into other claims, it has  not yet been traced continuously, nor has it  any constant width, varying from a ~,width of a  few feet to 20 cr30 feet with in other places no  signs of "mineralisation at ail along the lissure  along which the country rock has been more or  less shattered and the ascending mineral-bearing  solutions have formed large deposits or chutes oi  fine ore. A large porphyry dyke runs nearly parallel with the veni and in places in tlie nunc is  found in it,but evidently affected by this fissure.  Along this fissure is seen much brecciated slate  cemented together by the gaugue materials, galena and blende, and in many other parts of the  mine was noticed more or less parallelism in the  deposition of the different minerals; but one interesting peculiarity noticed was the fact that  many samples of ore clearly showed by the separation by the quartz of'corresponding-parts that the  sulphides, as galena or blende, alter deposition, had  been shattered, perhaps by further movement  along this line of break, and then' cemented into  tiie present mass by quartz.-'. c  It is doubtful if two well-defined walls can be  traced in this mine, for while the hanging or fissure wall is very distinct, the ore-merges into the  country rock towards the supposed foot-wall, but  more time could not be siient in very careful observation.   In the mining ot this one large ore chute  as has been opened up and exploited upon, the Slo  can Star, tlie ore body has been found to vary from  a few; feet to 25 feet in width of mixed but pay ore,  and a large amount of ore has been mined from  bodies 2 to 8 and 10 feet wide of solid galena.  OEE.-r-(a) The first-class ore consists of the nearly  pure galena, both-line and coarse graine, carrying  some grey copper arid some blende; but not enough  to pass the excess line, or 10��/o of i zinc. Average  value, 95 ounces of silver per ton, arid 72 to 75%  lead;   ,.,..'���' ;.,. >���;-'������'��� 7-..������,-,   -..-���,���.-.y--^: :7r[:::: \y  This ore is sacked and shipped5 direct lo  tlie  smelter:;"-;-    ;���'"��� ���;-���,-::���-;������;. ��� ..���������'������  (b) The concentrating ore consists of the mixed  ore or the spathic iron quartz gaugue with galena,  with a little grey ..copper; and: in all the ore there ;  are evidently some of the silver sulphides: The  large amount of mixed ore taken from the upper  workings and kept separate- became available on  the construction of the concentrator, and was being sent down the hill. In concentrating most of  the blende is removed so that, the concentrates  carry not more thari"60/o zinc. Average value of  concentrates, 80 ozs. silver per ton, 70��/o lead.  the mine���This main ore chute has been developed for a distance of 430 feet along the vein and  to a depth of nearly 350 feet from tne surface down  on ths dip, and from it several small bodies of ore  have formed along divergent crevice?.  tunnel NO. 1 was first run inthe large surface  exposure for 50 feet and then stopes were run to,  surface or 30 feet.  tunnel no 2 is a cross cutfor 100 feet, and then  a drift for'100 feet, with a stope up to No. l 80 feet.  long and from-4,to 10 feet wide. ;  tunnel no. 3 is 70 feet, below ?Jo. 2, and in  crosscutting at 70 feet, intersecting a leader of ore  drifted upon for 25 feet, and then passing ..through  the slates, more or less mineralised, cut the rham  lead at 150 feet. A drift 150 feet to the-west.[through...  low grade ore, entered a splendid body'of high  grade ore which, on being/stoped jback 110 feet to  east, liad led back to within a few feet of connect-;  ing with the short drift run at the 70-foot mark in  the tunnel, thus leaving a pillar nearly .40 feet wide  of what promises to be low grade, but paying,;  'concentrating ore.   This stope is now 180 feetiorig .  and 4 to 7 fe it wide, and is worked up for iriost of  the distance to the upper level, while the drift has  a total length of 430 feet along most of which, Js  much concentrating ore. But this chute has developed its largest and most productive ore body ., between the level arid No. 4, beioWwhich no work  will he done until '.tunnel No. 5 reaches .the ledge.      ~  tunnel NO. 4 was the main working enti*y rat;  the time of visit, arid here were erected the ore bins   ;  at the upper terniinal of tiie; gravity tramway to  the; concentrator.   At a distance of 575 feet this  tunnel entered the vein, where.it Avas 10 to: 12 feet :,.;  wide,and to the west adrift of 75 feet long 'had-' encountered a fault which had not been explored, but   -  up along which a stope had been extended a' short   -  distance in 8 to 10 feet of mixed ore.   Easterly from.  the "tunnel, at 100 feet, an  ip raise,had been  made  210 feetto the next level, and all the way in good  butmixed ore, with-H to 16 feet of concentrating ;  ore at tlie foot of the tunnel level.; Atl50 feet in  this east levela cross cut showed up a width of over-  _5 feet of mixed ore witllseveral feet of solid galena  but at the face, or 225 feet, the.cliute was then riar-.'  rowed to 3 feet.   A large amount'of stopiiig has  been done for 70 or'So feet below level No. 3, where    ;  the body of clean ore had been; 8 to 10 feet 'thick,  but alarge amount of of ore was still showing in all  theiirhits of;these stopes;;;     ;'  ;; -v; y    : ^    '[���  Tunnel -no. .5 wtas in 200 feet in, the slates, with  600l'eetrei_amirig to reach the vein 210 feet-on the :..;  dip below:level No 4: The ground was all ready  for the building and air.... compressor plant, i.e., 4-  drih Raiid arid an 80-horse-power. boiler, and rapid \  progress would be inade with the machine drills hi  the extended exploration of this claim, "along, this  level. ���'''���; ..-.   , .���'.-,   ...  On the Slocan Kiiig to the east, near the vein  exposure in the creek, a tunnel had been driven in  80 feet, but although, there was considerable ore ,  forsome of the d'icance, the ground was much  broken up; To the west, on the.; Silversmith, ore  was exposed iri some shallow cuts, but this claim  has" in reality bein but very little prospected.  Timber and water are abundant for mining  purposes���the timber being of large size, and im-,  mediately at the mine, w here the stopes are tihi-'  bered up withheavy strills and lagging.  Transpoktation- A steep wagon road from ���  Sandon climbs up past the mill to. tunnel Nos. 3,4  and 5, butallbreisseiitdown to the mill by the '.  3-rail giuvitytramway, about 1,600 feet long, covered.where necessary by snow-slieds, the concentrating ore being automatically dumped into the  mill bins, the sacked first-class ore being loaded  into ore;wasoiis or sleighs, and drawn, also the  concentrate's,;* mile to the railroad at Sandon, at  a cost of 8J cents per ton.   Number of men em- .,  ployed ?3, of wh^ich 55 were ie the miiie, and 10 at  mill.;'  ������ '    '.;��� ���'.' , ���  ,���'.''''.  THK   CONCENRTATOlt  This mill, designed and constructed by Mr Tii,  Mitchell, Sandon, who built the Washington  Mine Concentrator, and is now completing the  mill for the Noble Five Mining Co., is situated at  tlie foot of the tramway, and is 45 by 102 feet, with  four floors. . .'������ -,  Bins���There are two 150 tons capacity each,one  for the Coarse ore from the mine, the other for  crushed ore below the crusher for supply.  Power���(a). A Pelton wheel, a 3-ioot steel disk,  with a 17-16 inch nozzle, supplies, when water is  sufficient, ample power, and. is situated on the y  upper floor, so that water from it. after going  through:a 12-mesh screen, may be used for  washing iu the operation ot the mill.  (b) When water is scarce, an auxiliary steam  engine will be used, or a 40 horse power engine,  with a 50 horse power boiler.  Watkr���(a) A flume 3,030 feel long in two  branches, brings from Sandon and another small  stream, water tha*- flows down through 1,200 feet  of spiral riveted steel pipe, the lower 250 feet 7  in cues in diameter, with a total head of 471 feet at  the wheel. ��� -  (b) Another flume from Cody, 9,650 feet long, 2  x.2,on a 0.2/ grade, costing??7,400, now supplies  water for washing purposes in the mine, but has  no head for power.  Machinery was made by E. P. Allis & Co,  Milwaukee, much after Mr. Mitchell's designs  and comprises:���  (a) A Blake crusher, Reliance pattern, 14x26  inches. '      ���    .    ,  (b) Fours^ts.of rolls, Reliance pattern, 14x26  inches.  (c) Six Hartz jigs, i e, 2 double' 2-eompartinent,  and 1 double 3-eompartment jigs:  (d) Six 2-compartment Collum jig3 :  li  (e)    Elevators,  tlinff tanks, etc.  trommels,   classifiers and set- Fourth Year.  THE   LEDGE.  i>  (f)   Two double-deckad  feet diameter.  round slime tables, 18  ; for machinery,  ��17,000.  Method of Concentration���The ore from  the crusher is automatically fed by a cam-feeder  to two sets of coarse rolls, whence the material is  elevated by elevator No 1, into- one revolving  screen witn three sizes of screens, from which the  refusal of the screens passes to two coarse  Hartz iigs; the material from' the 16 in .in. (.64 .iin)  ���V screen, to two coarse Hartz iigs; the material  from the 7 m. m (.28 in) screen, to two coarse  Hartz jigs; the material from; the 3 m. m. (.12 iri)  screen, passos to two ,3-cbmpartment h} draulic  classifiers, which give three separations, each of  which ^oes to two of the double-compartment  Collum jigs, while the over-flow passes onto the  V shaped settling tanks, or a speoies of spitz-  kasten ��� ,from which each of the four sizes of line  stuff goes to its own slime table.  The pitch of each slime table is different, so'as  to conform to the size of the fine sand fed to it,  arid by using two water sprays, tlu'ee separations  are here made the heads, middlings arid tails, of  which the middlings nass back by elevator No. 2  to the hydraulicclassifiers.  The middlings from four coarse jigs pass to the  coarse set of middlings rolls, and thence back to  elevator No 1; the 7 in. m. middlings to middlings  rolls, thence to elevator No 2, while the fine middlings from six Collum iigs, go to tho fine middlings rolls, which discharge into elevator No 2.  The:autoniatic discharge material from six coarse  jigs, and the sieve work from the six collum jigs,  and the heads from the tables, pass by the concentrate sluices to the concentrator bins below,  whence thev are shoveled into sacks of 155 to 160  nounds each, while the overflow j carrying much  fine material, goes into the settling tanks in the  slime house.  Capacity of mill is up to 150 tons of ore per 24  hours, the ratio of the concentration varying, oj  course, withthegrade'of ore sent down from the  mine.  The mill has worked excellently from the start  and is giving great satisiaction. The product is  very clean galena with seldom over 6 / , and  never up to 10 / , of zinc, but there is a considerable loss'of silver, some of which is carried away  in the blende, while the greatest loss is believed to  he in the grey copper, mu-h of which escapes ia  the finest slimes.  Cost was,for.build*ngs, ��12,760  not including engine and boiler  Other Claims���To the east considerable work  by tunneling has been done on the Euraka claim,  which lies on the steep mountain side along  which this vein, by the angle of its dip, would be  expected to run. Between 60 and 70 tons of ore  havebeen^ihipped during 1894-5-6.  Thv Rabbit Paw, lying to the south and west,  is  being prospected  by  a company   who   are  ��� searching for its extension westward of the vein.  Ruth  This group of claims, the Ruth,Hope,Wyoming  and the Ruth Fraction, all surveyed for Grown  grants, are located on the same mountain side,  one-half milefrom the Slocan Star and one and  one-quarter miles by road from Sandon, and was  owhed by the locators, F P O'Neil, D C Clark,  J Y Kesler,- F E Starkey, D E McVey and W-H  McVey until.last October, when two-thirds interest 111 this property was sold for ��163,000to Mr.  H M Foster, England, Messrs. D E and W H  McVey retaining their one-third interest.  After many hardships and disappointments, but  persistent prospecting, the Ruth Vein was acci-  dently disclosed by a small piece or two of iron-  stained rock sticking in the roots of a fallen tree  that had stood nearly 611 the top of the ledge, and  r even then Considerable work had to be done before the ore -chute; was struck from which has  since,' come."'the-" mine's'-.production." Under, the  foreman, D.S. McDougall, this property has  been prospected in a systematic '.manlier,'arid all  the work has been done with care and thoroughness which has greatly enhanced its market  value, as is evidenced by the recent transfer at  such good terms.    .  The vein dipping N W 60 -90�� strikes across the  slates N E by S W, and carries in the gangue of  spathic iron and some quartz very coarsely crystalline galena that runs from 100 to 120ounces in  silver per ton and 54 to 76 /lead, while 'within  surface influences the sulphides have been changed to the carbonates that run from 30 to 65 ounces  of silver per ton, of both of which classes of ore  1,500 tons have baen sent to the smelters. The  width varies, but m one drift the chute was seeii  to be ��� at one part" 9 feet wide, but as far as the  vein was opened up, or 800 feet, it was very per^  sistent aridregulai'ln its course, the fault dislocations being small. The ore is always banded  parallel, of course,, with the walls; and iri the  upper workings bands of galena have bands of  the oxidized ore on either side, or there were in  other parts alternate bands of spathic iron, galena  andbiende.  The Mine���Tunnel No 1 follows the veiri or  vein crevice for 350 feet, but the ore chute is not  reached by it, it not being* far enough into the  mountain to be under the o.ie ������ mined, in the tun-  nelsabove.  Tunnel No 2 was 740 feet long (Aug 16th), but  for 90 feet but very little ore was found.or 11 tons,  but beyond this the vein, though small, is more  defined, until 150 feet in, where a stope 160 feet  long begins, and runs up.40 feet, with an average  width of 5-3J feet, with ore still in the roof. An  upraise of 85 feet connects with tunriel No 3.  Farther in was another stope 55 feet long and up  30 feet, showing at the top 4ft feot of banded ore  or Igalena, spathic iron and carbonates. Still  another stone 160 feet long, 3�� feet wide, was up  about 40 feet, with ore in the roof .while beyond  in the tuunel level there was a width of 8 feet of  first-class ore for a length of 25 feet4 and at 630  feet an 80 foot upraise, also in ore. In the breast  of the tunnel the vein was passing through a  porphyry dyke, but only as a narrow searii of  ore.     ' " ��� . ;  Tunriel No. 3 was 330 feet long with ore all this  distance, but not so wide as below, although at  the face were 3 feet of galena and decomposed  ore or carbonates. As the ground was soft all the  tunnels were timbered up in an excellent manner  and every part of the. mine was in the best of  order, and there is much good timbvr on the  iroperty. A wagon road 6,6<X) feet long has just  een completed ataeost of $l,575,thus giving easy  facilities for fhe shipment of ore to the railways.  Number of men employed, 25.  the branch of Carpenter creek, is owned by the  Wouderiul Group Mining Co,, of Spokane, Pres.,  W. W. D. Turner; Sec, H. G. Bell, Spokane.  Capital stock, 1,000,000 in 1 shares. Superinten-  dant, E. J; Field, Sandon.  The mining operations conducted during the  past season were rather unique. The property  had been under bond to Jno. A. Finch, who had  done over 2,000 feet of underground work,-.mostly,  along the supposed course 61 a vein, but with not-''  very su ecessf u! [resu Its, on ly two carloa ds of ore  being shipped from these workings in 1895. Oro  was found scattered thraugh the wash and the  so the  near  the surface  much shattered slates  company decided to prospect the claim by bringing water from one of thesmall/treams in a small  flume and then letting it cut its way down through  the wash to bed-rock as it rushed dowii the  mountain side to Miller creek. Water avus  turned on June "18th, and it was found thai  pieces of galena ore were being left an the bottom  of the cut.and this prospecting then developed into  hydraulic mining, the water being allowed to run  for several hours, when there would be a clean up  of tons of high grade ore, with the result that over  $25,000 were thus won.  As the work proceeded it was seen that the riiin  eral-bearing wash or debris was not more than 100  to 120 feet wide, while the real " pay dirt" had a  much less width than this, and as seen in the cut  that as the channel cut down it left on either side  country rock apparently in place. In the pay dirt  there was not only the solid ore but much decom  posed mineral, all of which of course was swept  away, only the boulders of galena, with all the  surface decomposedlremaining; one of solid galena weighing over 13 cwt. YV hiie some believed  that the ore had been brought down from a vein  higher up on themouniain side, the fact that this  ore was found only in a narrow Channel, and that  immediately above it, and this conclusion then arrived at has apparently been confirriied in that this  washing is now reported, by-'.the .manager to have  disclosed the solid vein in place with a strike J5.YV.  and N. :'��., and regular underground mining has  begun.-,'- -. .,,"���'- ..,;."' -;  A good wide track or trail, 7500 feet long,' wa?  built,from the mine to Sandon, and the ore is  packed out, to the railroad, the ore assaying from  113 to 133 ounces of silver per ton, and 70-76% lead,  and Mr. Field has succeeded not only, as he claims  in uncovering the vein by this method of pros-,  pecting, but lias recovered 400 tons of first-class ore  from the debris. ;;  North of the townsite of Sandon are three claims,  the Argo; Belt and St. Charles, owned by Wm.  Snowdon. John A Whittier and Alex. McDonald,  and immediately above the K.,& S. Ry. and a few  hundred feet from the towri, hence near the hot-,  torn of the deep valley of this branch of.Carpenter  creek, ore was found during the past suriririer, and  on the suaface hi one place the vein was cleaned  off for 10 to 12 feet, showing a maximum width of  A tunnel, then 45  explore this new  rock, quartz, lime spar, |spathic iron and ore, of  which 8 to 9 feet ot solid galena, interspersed with  grey copper, have been sloped out. also carbonate  ores, while much mixed or mill ore has been sent  down.to tiie concentrator. In some of the levels  there'.lias been encountered a cross-fault of con  siderable throw beyond which the ore chute has  since been picked up. Tunnel No. 4, the lowest,  extends west for 300 feet along the vein which  here carries little ore, and the fault being met, the'  drift was run north-west 130 ieet���then south-east 34  feet, striking again, apparently, the ledge. In  tunnel No. 3, in 34) feet, and No". 2, a large amount  of ore has been sloped out to the Idaho side-line,  the ore chute being 4 to 6 feet wide, the ore  breaking to two smooth wahs between which is  both solid ore and ore mixed with shattered slates  and quartz. Tunnel No. 1, 240 feet below the  summit of the spur, was in several hundred feet,  and the stopes lrom the lower levels continue oil  up foi'30 to 40 feet above this level.wheu it pinches  above where has been found the greatest width" of  ore in the mine. There is ample room for other  tunnels below No. 4, and such .will yet be driven  in .to exploit a ^rge area .of the vein. Ore is being  found on other claims: on this group, and men  were at work prospecting and developing these  other leads.  1  three to four feet of solid ore.  feet long,; was being run  to  ledge.  ;���'.;.' monitor*:.",,  This claim. 1500 by 1500 feet.;Crown grant to be  applied for, and the Hustler fraction, are located at  Three Forks. 011 the south slope of the south fork  of.; Carpenter creek, and are owned by the locator,  George A. Petty, who, finding.the white coated  galena on the hillside, after considerable search,  lQiind the vein which runs; riorth-east and south-  w&t'aud dips south-east 60�� to 90��, crossing the;  slaw's at right angles, in close proximity to a porphyry dyke. This vein variesm widthlroriiafew  inches to 3J feet of galena and carbonates, or oxide  ore,;andby surface cuts has has been found to be  faulted in two places to the north-west���at one  point 50 feet and the other 30 feet.        .  The lowest tunnel, No. 1.161 feet long, is across-  cut, but has not yet disclosed the vein, but in No. 2  15 feet higher up the liill and 275 feet long, the ore  is continuous for 196 feet, and from 3 inches to l*J  feet wideband at the face.the 50-foot fault is struck  and a cross-cut to the west is being run to pick up  the continuation, of the lead. Tunnel No. 3, 100  feet above, alter cross cutting 50feet had just struck  the vein, where it was much broken" up. Tunnel  No. 4.110 feet above No. 3 and 480 feet from the  north end line of the claim, or 300 feet south-west  of the mouth of No. 1, is a crosscut for 73 feet, and  then a drift both ways along the vein, with a stope  75 feet long and 38 feet to the surface in which was  a firie chute of ore, 12 to 16 inches wide, that at  either end had changed to zinc blende, but in all  probability; will again be found t o improve on extending the drift. The foot wall of the vein is very  smooth arid regular, and apart from the solid ore  there is much shattered slate cemented with quartz  and galena. Tiie 30-fobt fault is south-west of the  working.   All the mine buildings, ore sheds and  Transportation���(a) From Tunnel No. 3, a 8 rail  tramway', 310 feet long, ends in the ore-bins at (b)  a very good wagon road, 3 miles long, dropping  down 1,700 feet to the ore bins at the head of (c)  the exceptionally long 3-rail gravity tramway,  7.100 feet long, which is in two sections, 3,400 feet  and 3,700 feet long respectively, and dropping  1,675 feet, delivers the ore into the bins at the iniil  at the C.P.R. track. The wagon road also runs  down to the mill. ������������.-  The Concentrator.���From the supply bins of  1500 tons capacity, the ore is trammed into the  mill, which is built large enough to permit if  needed, the doubling of the present plant of ma  chinery. On the upper" floor, after passing over  a grizzley, the ore; is fed to a Comet breaker,  whence it passes to 16 by 30 Inch rolls, and thence  by elevatoivto 3 5-foot trommels, delivering 4 sizes  to the jigs on the next floor, of which there are (1)  1 coarse two-compartment Hartz jigs, (2) 2 three-  compartment Hartz jigs,and (3)2 four compartment  Hartz jigs! 'The.middlings, pass to a 5-foot Huntingdon-.mill, and for classifying the fine stuff,  Lake Superior classifiers are iri use, the tailings  going into V -shaped settlers, that feed to 4 double  decked 18-foot round tables. The power is got  from a Pelton wheel.generating 80 h. p., with  water under a 224 foot head iri a 12 inch penstock,  from a flume that, runs about 2 miles to. tlie head-'  gates on the south fork of Carpenter creek, the  water, of Howson Creek being also utilised. The  sacked concentrates are then loaded directly upon  the railroad cars. y  This mill wa3 built by Eraser and Chalmers,  Chicago, and its daily capacity is 50 tons; It is  bwneu. by the Sloean Milling Company, and is  under the management of Mr. Farrel.  IDAHO-CUMBERLAND. '  The Cumberland Mining Co., capital stock.$530 ,-  000 in >; 10 shares, also under the management of  Mr. Farrel and Superintendent Hickey, owns the  Cumberland, Crown grant 32.74 acres) High Ore,  Daisy, Eastern, Thistle, and the Idaho Mining Co.  the Idaho arid St, John, Crown granted, 101.53  acres'..������;.  ������ ''-r": ;���.���   ..      .���-. , '���.---...,.. >- ���;'  duced in shipments by leasers in 18i;3. of 40 tons,  96 ounces of silver per ton and 74��/0 lead. Work  was being pushed ahead on the west vein, 300 feet  distant, and in a 65-foot tunnel, after L5 feet of  surface material,-a vein, strike N'.E. and S.W., dip  S.E. 80 to 85, was followed for 45 feet and sloped  up 20-30 feet, producing high grade ore assaying  141 ounces of, silver per ton and 75% lead of a very  coarse cubed galena^ of which 25 or 30 tons piled  on the dump were being sacked for shipment to  the Omaha and Grant smelter. At the face a"  winze was being sunk on two leaders of galena  separated by four feet of slate. The third vein  lying between the east and west leads had only  been stripped and thus traced for 200 feet, hut  there was a wide zone' heavily iron-stained,  slightly impregnated with galena and reported  to give assays in gold of $4 to $6 per ton. The  fourth vein is 100 feet Avest of the west lead, and  at the surface 6 inches .wide of carbonate ore  assaying 50 to 60 ounces of silverand up to 4o7���  lead. The ore will he packed down over a shon  trail to the road and thence one half mile to the  Alamo tramway, and then delivered at the  C.P.R, track. It had been decided to thoroughly  explore this property, and this winter li men are  employed.      *  CANADIAN   GKOUP.  On the summit of the ridge, at an altitude of -  about 7,200 feet, between tire south fork of Carpenter Creek and Four Mile Creek.or two miles S.W.  of Sandon, whence a trail.via the Ruth mine runs  to these properties, are the Adams and Brandon,  Crown-granted, 86.1 acres,-and the Katie D.,  Sarah B. and Hill Top, owned by M. Adams,San-  diu, and W.H. Brandon, Slocan City. Several  small gaieria veins arc to be seen on these claims,  but as yet not much work has been done to explore them. .On" the Hill Top a small vein of  galena a few inches wide can be traced far soine  distance, strike N. and S., clip W. 60 . On the  s. u:h slope of the Brandon a vein is traceable  down the hill for several hundred feet, sticking  up as a rib of galena, calcite and quaivz, 4 to 12  inches thick, in which are driven two short  tunnels, in the upper one of which the ore is cut  off, while in-the lower one there are 3 to 5 feet of  mixed inilling,ore. About 1,200 to 1,500 feet east  of this is another vein, strike north and south, dip  6 west, which, although small, can be traced up  the slorie for several hundred feet,and then down  through the bottom of a narrow gulley in the  cliff, forming the north slope of the ridge at this  point. A tunnel was in 35 feet under a.smooth  , hanging wall, and the vein consisted mostly of  coarse calcite Avith some galena, but on the surface the ore was sticking out in places in ribs of  solid big-cubed galena. There is very little or  no timber on this ridge, and only small springs of  water. Trails lead ovor to the Alamo and Idaho  mines to the west along the ridge, or down the  mountain to the south to Four Mile Creek, and  thence to Silverton, on, Slocanft Lake. No work  was being done at  the time  of bur: visit���Aug  ���21St.- ��� '"'.:��� . '���:���.". ;���'���"������'.  was necessary, were  is much good timber  fi  WONDERFUL  The Wonderful, 34.50 acres. .Crown Grant, and  the Lookout and Columbus mineral, locations,  situated on the mountain slope about one mile  west of the Ruth and  SI .ican  Star, and' south  of  mine timbering, where such  in- first-class order, and there  on the claim.  The ore is similar to that found in the other veins  in the Slocan, only it carries an appreciable value  in gold, the smelter returns showing that the galena, or crude ore, as shipped in carload lots, assays  from %2 to S14 per ton in gold, 142 to 304 ounces of  silver and 37 to 5570 lead, netting, after deducting  freight and smelter charges, from a9l to %_08. per  ton; one shipment of 19 tons returning ��20 in gold  per tou, 367.6 ounces of silver and 32��/0 lead, or !5249  net per ton. In the carbonate ores the gold values  averaged for 88 tons over $13 in gold per ton, the  silver values ranging from 128.4 to 323.8 ounces  per ton, and the lead from 19 to 33��/0, or $83 to  %_i2.40 net per ton. No tests have been made, as  known, to determine whethei this gold occurs in  the sulphides or disseminated in a free, state in the  quartz.   Number of men engaged,12.  Other Claims���On the mountain slope west of  Carpenter creek, the Idler is being worked by the  Idler Mining Company, who have a vein of galena  ore-  ALAMO.  The Alamo Mining Company, capital stock  ��500,000, General Manager J. D. Farrel. Spokane,  Superintendent P. J. Hickey, ewn tlie Alamo, Ivy  Leaf, Twin Lakes, 76.6 acres, Crown-aranted, and  the Clarence, Hampton, Victory, Morningand the  Continental claims situated in the Alamo Basin, 3|  miles up Howson creek, which enters Carpenter  creek near where the concentrator is erected,along  the track of the C. P. R., one mile below Three  Forks.  ' The Mine���In this vein has beeri found one of  largest and most productive ore chutes yet mined  in the Slocan, an ore chute^hat extends into and  is being worked on the .Idaho claim. This ven  strike, east and west (mag.) dip south 70�� to S0��,  crosses a deep spur from the main ridge, and thus  offers the best of facilities for the driving of tunnels  along it at different levels. Along this line of  Ijssurinir in the slates is much breccia ted country  On the Idaho ground, the extension of; the  Alamo vein.is being worked through that riline���  tunnels 1, 2, and 3 haviug been extended across  the line. In tunriel No. 1 a stope 25 to 30 feet  above the:level, had 10 to 30 inches of very good  ore, and up a 60 foot raise,, 12 to 15 inches of solid  ore continued to the top. while in the face of the  level were 2 feet of solid galena, and 4 to 5 feet of  mill ore. These claims lie north and westof the  Alamo group, in the Idaho basin.  In the Idaho basin, reached by a branch .road  one-half mile long from the main road, another  vein on the Idaho, striking N. E. and S.'W., and  dippings. E. 60 -70 , yielded a large amount of  good'ore from the upper cuts and tunnels, but in  thd main tunnel 55o feet long, there was found  little ore, but 10 to 12 feet of brecciated slate,  quartx and calcite and iron pyrites.  On the Cumberland, four tunnels had besn  driven hi on the vein that runs parallel with the  one just mentioned on the Idaho, but being only  150 to 20J feet west, it had not yet been shown  whether this is another vein, or the Idaho vein  faulted. The upper tunnels Nos. 1 and 2 were  caved in, but in No. 3 a narrow vein of nearly  solid gaieria and blende had been followed and  storied out for a distance of 350 feet, > and in an  under-hand stope a streak of 4 to 10 inches of  galena was being mined. Tunnel No 4 was not  being worked. Several hundred feot lower down,  a cross-cut tunnel had been driven 500 feet to cut  two small veins showing on the surface, All ore  is shipped by the Alamo road and tramway, and  treated, if concentrating ore, at the mill, and this  property is proving very productive. On the  Idaho and Alamo 35 men are engaged.  Other Claims���The Hustler and Silver Bell, lying  south west of the Idaho claim, owned by a Victoria  syndicate," are said to be traversed by both the  Alarnc-Idaho vein and the Idahc-Cumbeiiand  vein, on the latter of which work has. been done,  and much more will be done this summer.  Yakima,  The Yaklina, Sunshine, Monday and Oregon in  the next basin east of the Alamo, owned by the  Sunshine Mining Co., Manager J. D. Farrel, was  not visited as work had been suspended, but  several carloads of galena ore had been shipped  from this property during 1894 and 1895.  Other Claims���Many other elains on these  slopes are now being prospected, and with successful results. On the Wild Goose and Corinth,  owned by J. "Gilhooley, A. J. Mitrphv, and A.  Behne, Three Forks, a vein of solid galena, 6  inches to 2 feet in witdh,has been stripped for 200  feet on the surface, and ore is now being mined  in a tunnel driven in on this ledge. These elains  are about three-quarters of a mile by trail up tlie  creek beyend the Queen Bess.  QUEEN   BESS.  On the east slope of Howson creek, opposite to  the Idaho Basin, are the Queen Bess, Young  Dominion, Crown-granted, 78.2 acres, and the  May Be, Concord. American Girl, Hub, and First  Extension, the property of Jas. Moran, Jno. A.  Finch, P. Larson, et al., Superintendent, Jas.  Moran, Three Forks. A ridge separates these  claims and the Monitor, and on the Queen Bess  claim has been done most of the work, resulting  in the discovery of four veins within 500 feet. On  the east vein a tunnel had been driven 20-') feet, in  which the ground was much broken up and the  small vein-rlecom]K)sed, the ore from which pro-  THE:   IVANHOE. .. .  Lying next to, the Canadian group, on the  east are the Ivanhoe and Elgin, Crown-granted,  81 acres, owned by the Minnesota Silver Co.,  Ltd., Pres., W.H. Yawkey, and under the same  management as the Idaho and Alamo.  Mr. McConnel, in his report of 1895, says : ''The  Ivanhoe, situated high up on the slope, of the  mountain, shows several nearly parallel veins.  Two cross-cut tunnels, .the upper 50 feet and the  lower 90 ;eet in length, connected by an upraise  of 70 feet have been driven, and drifts have been  extended a'ong the lead from the eiid3 of both  tunnels for varying distances. The workings  have exposed an ore chute 60 to 70 feet in lengtii,  with a maximum width of five feet of pure ami  ccneentrating ore. A contract for a third crosscut tunnel. 150 feet below No. 2, had bceti let at  time of visit."  During the past year about 15 carloads off ore  were shipped to the smelters, and development  work is beiiig continually carried on.  ��� ADAM'S GROUP.  On the same high ridge, and on the west of tire  Canadian igroup, lie the Britomarte, Chamblet,  Crown Grants, 86.3 acres, Midnight. Mammoth  and Slater Fraction, owned by Capt R C Adams,  Montreal, et al. ���  ��� In the slates and limestones run many dykes  and spurs of porphyry-, aild on the south sloi��e on  the Britomarte, close to the Canadian group, an  open cut exposes a vein of mixed ore, i.e., cube  galena, calcite, and quartz, 15 to 30 inches wide,  running north and south with a dip of 80�� west,  this vein crossing over the ridge where it stands  up as a; harrow rib of solid galena ore 4 to 14  inches wide and intersecting on the north slope  another galena-bearing vein. On the south slope,  running down the hill, are three or four narrow  veins of galena close together, that nearly merge  into one another at a point where a 12 foot tunnel  has been driven in on a vein of 4 to 12 inches wide  oi nearly pure galena. On the north slope is a  very steep, rocky face, scored yearly by snow-  slides, and running nearly parallel with the dykes,  are several small veins ot tlie same kind of ore as  found in tiie others. On one of these veins, traceable to the summit, a tunnel was being driven, and  for its length, or 20 feet, there were four feet 01'  mixed-ore, calcite, coarse galena blende, and grey  copper, of which six or seven tons were on the  dump. Above the tunnel on the surface this vein  showed 8 ieet of mixed ore, with small, nearly  parallel, veins, evidently stringers f.ioin the main  lead. About one hundred ieet S W of this vein is  another that showed in one place four feet of  mixed ore, and was running 60�� E by S 60�� W. On  the south slope two tunnels have been run to tap  these voins, one tor 50 feet, 150 feet below the  summit, where in a cut were 6 7 feet of conccntrat-  100 feet below the summit,  for the last 40 feet some ore  ing ore, and the other  for 2-15 feet, in which'  had been followed.  This pronerty can be developed by  cross cut tunnel from a place free from any lik'eli  hood of snowslides, as is dono on other properties  in this district, and from this same point an aerial  tramway, on a steep grade, could be built down to  a point convenient to a wagon road to be built to  Sandon. Good cabins are being erected about  1000 feet-below the workings, and a trail, four miles  long, as mentioned in connection with the Canadian group, leads down to Sandon.  NOBLE  FIVi; MINER.  The original Noble Five group, located for 5ooo  feet along the course of the vein, comprised the  Noble Five, Bonanza King, World's'Fair,' Knox-  ville and Maud S, (56.6 acres, but the two adjoining  claims on another vein,  the  Dcadinan and  Wiid THE   LEDGE.  Fourth Year,  Goose, have been added since the consolidation of  these properties as now owned by the Noble Five  Consolidated Mining and Milling Co., Spokane,  Wash.: Pres, Jno D Porter; Sec, J F Cutler; Gen  Manager, J G McGuigan, Sandon, B. C. Capitalisation, l,20J,000 shares at ��l each.  This property is located about 3�� miles by trail  N E of Sandon, and 2500 to 3000 feet above that  town, on the steep southern slope of the mountain,  on which have heen discovered the series of veins  now mined from the Payne group on the west to  the Blue Bird on the east. There are two veins,  and perhaps three, now known, striking NEbyS  W, dip 60�� S E, through slates and limestones,  intersecting at an angle of 30 to 45�� the "porphyry"  or granitic dykes through which the veins continue, and in places carry their best ore chutes.  The ore occurs both as solid galena and as carbonates and oxides in a spathic iron and quartz  gangue, and from the limited workings these'  claims have yielded from *125,0C0 to $150,000.  Noble Five vein ���On eth surface  in  a rocky  gulch scoured by snowslides. are large croppings  iron-rock, which, on being broken into, is found  to consist of galena, blende, and spathic iron,  while in the mine the ore is arranged along a  smooth and sliekensided wall, that is sometimes  on the hanging wall and then on the foot wall  , side, in bands arranged in one drift with four  bands,i. e., spathis iron,blende, spathic iron, and  then galena, with fragments  of slate scattered  through the ore chute and spurs of ore running  off into the cOuntryfrock.   In the early,history oi  this mine, when the costs and difficulties of shipping were excessive and changes of management  often, small drifts were run in on the ledge and  the ore extracted in an unsystematic manner,but  under the new management the property is being  developed in a thorough manner, and the mine  placed in aproper condition for its best development and most economical working.  On the most southerly claim, the Noble Five, a  tunnel 65 feet long and short cross-cuts were  driven resulting in the finding of some good ore,  but as this was a dangerous place for snowslides  this work has not yet been extended to prospect  this part of the vein. On the Knoxvilleand  Bonanza King has been done most of the mining,  consisting at the time of visit (August 18th) of  tunnels aggregating 1,380 feet in length and opening up the vein vertically to a depth of 600 feet.  In these workings but very little high grade ore  was left in sight,althbugh much ground remained  to be prospected, but there were stopes 6 |to 8 feet  wide, while the amount of concentrating ore ex-,  posed, consisting mostly of galena in decomposed  material, was considerable, and in some of the  drifts 7 to 9 feet wide. The mine was not in a  condition at that time to show up or do justice to  this strong ledge, but the three main tunnels to be  run and connected by winzes will put this property on aproper working basis,  About 200 feet below these workings the main  tunnel has been started in a place perfectly safe  from slides and cross-cutted to the vein which on  the surface at this point had a strong out-crop of  galena. This tunnel will be extended well into  the mountain along the vein and connected with  the upper tunnels, thus enabling all ore to be  brought,down to the mouth of this main level,  where will be the ore bins at the head of an aerial  rope-tramway, 6,lC0feet long, vertical drop2,100  now being built to the concentrator at Cody;  of excellent ore has been s -nt down by rawhiding  to Sandon and thence shipped to the'smelters, as  in 1895 about 9 car-loads ol ore assiiyiiigl66 to 191  ounces in silver per ton and 71 to 78 per cent lead,  and in 189617 ear-loads averaging 182 ounces in  siiverper ton and 6?,/ lead were sold. This property is another example of 'many Avhich have  Said for themselves from the - beginning, and  uririg this last year a dividend of -?20,000 has been  declared, after providing for the new mine  buildings, more extensive uudirground work and  the purchase of other claims. There is but little  timber on these claims. Foreman, J Rsegan.  Number of men engaged, 10.  Other claims���Below this claim is the Arneri-  ean Boy, now being worked by 'f'hbmas McGuigan, with a yield to date of 5 or 6 cars of good  silver-lead ore, and the Ajax. under the control of  Matthews and Braden, who also have the Ruby  Silver-atthe northern end of the Noble Five  string of claims, both of which mines have shipped high grade ore. Upon the summit, at an  elevation of 76-7,800 feet, Dr. Hendryx, of Nelson,  was driving a cross-cut tunnel on the Galena, to  cut a vein of silver-lead ore that shows up well on  j the precipitous bluff to the north, and is thought  to be the northern extension of the R E Lee vein.  It has a strike N, E. by S, W. across the slates  and limestones, and also across a porphyry dyke,  and a dip of Go* to the S.E.  EECO    GROUP.  Immediately to the east of  claims on the same south slope  the Noble Five  of the mountain  lie the Reucaii, Texas, Clifton and New Denver,  165.65 acres, Crown Grants applied for, and the  mineral location, the Ephraim, the proporty of  the Reco Mining and Milling Co., Ltd., Sandon,  B. C. Capital stock, #1,000,000 in'��?l shares; treasury stock 100,000 shares. Pres.,and Gen. Manager, Jno MHarris; Sec.,F T Kelly, Sandon,  B.C.    ". '  bonate ores, while one lot of Gitons assayed 768  ounces silver per ton and 61.1% lead.  Other Claims���Tp the east of these claims lias the  Blue Bird, on which some work was being done  on a tunnel. Three, if not four, veins have been  discovered, and 10 to 12 car loads of ore, averaging  134 ounces of stiver per ton, and 75% lead, havt  been sent to the smelters. South of the Good  en ugh property lies the Chambers group, i.e., tlu J  Chambers, Eureka, Jay Gould and Wellington,  6j0 by 1,500 feet claims; one of the oldest locations  in the camp on which exploratory work has been  done, but the depth of wash here, at base of mountain, makes such, operations more difficult than  higher up where the surface is pretty well scoured  oft the leads, and any float can generally soon be  traced to its source. One carload of ore was shipped during 1896.  ��� ���Mui-h good country in this vicinity yet remains  to be explored, and while little or no ground is  now left open for location, there is every proba  bility that thorough prospecting will be followed  by good results.  The^Oniega, south of the Reco group, has a vein  of galena ore, but all work is at a standstill pending legal decisions as to the ownership of this  ground.  Title, Crown  on the ridge of  mile west of the  TwOydistinct  OntheDeadman and Wild Goose claims are  several large dykes and tongues Of porphyry, and  the Deadman vein is about 400 feet east -of the  Noble Five vein and parallel to it. No work is  being done in any of the three tunnels, in two of  which that were entered but little ore had been  left in sight, but several faults were in evidence.  Ore has heen shipped for three years from this  vein, or 26 car loaas'in all,of ore that assayed 63  ounces in silver, per ton and 15 /,.. lead for the carbonates, and up to 255 ounces of silver per ton and  69 /,, lead for the solid galena ore.  There is little or no timber on the property of  this company, and in fact upon any of these  properties high up on the mountain, fire having  destroyed the most of it, but lower down on the  slopes the supply is good.  Concentrator���Following up his success with  the Slocan Star mill, Mr T L Mitchell has just  completed a mill on Cody creek, at the town ot  Cody, which is arranged practically after the  same scheme as that followed out in the Slocan  Star. A flume brings water from Cody creek and  in the conveyance of ore from the mine automatical  devices have been introduced throughout. At the  main' working tunnel of the mine bins of 600 tons  capacit3r automatically discharge into the buckets  of the Finlayson double rope tram way, and at the  lower terminal the ore drops into tlie bins of 260  tons capacity and thence automatically to the 9 by  15 inch rock crusher and thence into the mill.  .The capacity of the tramway will be 20 tons an  hour. The machinery for the mill has" been  purchased from the E. P. Aliis Company, of  Milwaukee, Wis., and the first-class ore and  concentrates will lie loaded into the cars of the K.  and S. R. R. which has a branch line running to  Cody.  LAST CHANCE,  This property. the Last Chance, 600 by 1,050 feet,  Crown-granted, the Starlight, Siarligjit b ractlon.  Blizzard and Little Widow, crown gnmts applied  lor, lying immediately west of the Noble Five  group, is owned by the Last Chance Mining and  "M illiug Co., Spokane. Capitol stock, 500,000 shares  at bleach.  There are two small parallel veins running N.E.  by S.W., one standing vertical, the other dipping  S. E. 50��, and two tunnels 100 feet apart in elevation. The upper tunnel is 240 feet long with  cross cuts and drifts on smaller veins that lead off  lromthe main one, while the lower, across-cut  tunnel, intercepts the incline vein at 180feet,along  which drifting has been done for 140 feet, with an  uprise to the upper workings. This tunnel was  being continued to strike the other vein but had  not done so at 100 feet, but it was in the works  between these two tunnel levels that the character  of the ore and the vein was best seen, as from an  incline started down on the vein near the mouth of  the upper tunnel, and when about midway between  the levels extended as a drilt, very high-grade ore  had been mined where the vein," varying in size  iromafew inches to 3 feet of solid, rich silver-  bearing galena was found to have, where galena  was not solid, a quartz gangue with galena, form  ing good concentrating ore. Within surface  influences the  veins  have   suffered   the   usual  carbonate " ore has also been  alteration, and rich  stoped out.  While so far most ofthe work ha  ton aril the development"!' this mine  a  been directed  quantify  silver-lead veins strike N: E, by  dip 60 to 75 S. E., are being worked on  this ground, P e.. (1) Big vein and (2) the Small or  Goodenough vein, and in all probability veins  lying in contiguous claims-will be discovered, on  prospecting, to extend into this territory. This  mine affords another example of the opening up  and development, and the purchase of other  claims, without anv capital save that got in  mining, from the beginuirig of work, of rich  ore. On the Big vein have been run three tunnels, from which has been taken most of the. ore  extracted from this lead, save that from one small  stope that yielded over !il6,000; and in tunnels  Nos. 1 and 3, the former 650 feet long, and the  other 900,feet long, connected by a raise 125 feet  long in the vein; the veins consist mostly of decomposed vein matter, in places a few inches  wide, in others several feet, work on this vein so  far has been confined to purely development during the past year, but in 1895, 4 carloads of galena  were shipped, arid yielded on an average 179,8  ozs. silver per ton, and 7l��/0 lead (smelter returns).  While the carbonate ore or 9 carloads yielded  from 8.9.3 to 161.6 ounces silver per ton, ana 23.2 to  37.i%,lead. '������  Frorivthe small Goodenough vein, lying several  hundred feet to the east, has come the richest sil  ver-bearing galena yet found in Kootenay, the  silver evidently occurring as argentite, although  much ruby silver is found in some of the solid galena.   The mining operations are being carried on  in co-operaiion with the Goodenough mine, and  three tunnels, Nos. 2. 4 and 6, have beeri driven to  and extended both ways along the vein in .Vaeh.of  these properties; the vein being from 2 or 3 inches  wide up to 20 inches of solid ore, with in places  only a narrow streak of iron-stained matter    The  ore so lies that generally the ground can be mined  out along it, leaving the ore to be afterward brok  en down clean.   The ground is faulted in one  place with a lateral throw of the vein for 10 feet,  and where the vein passes through the porphpry  dykes the ore chuteis found, generally, to be the  most productive part of the vein.    From these  tunnels several hundred feet of drifting have been  driven, the vein being not always productive, but  in the miners' term ''in and out," and these levels  will be-continued much farther before reaching  the limits of the claim.   (See Goodenough mine  below). '  The ore, while mined from a small vein, is very  profitable, and at the time of visit, in August,  several tons of rich ore were piled up at each tunnel mouth, and the following data from smelter  returns will give some idea of the value :���=The galena ore has run from 225 to 730 ounces of silver  per ton, and 67% lead: one lot of 21 tons-assaying  730 ouncesof silver per ton, and 67% lead; and two  shipments in 1896, or 45 tons, yielded net Cor 95 /0  of assay) 24,820 ounces silver and 27 tons of lead,or  ���f340 per ton after deducting all charges.  The carbonate ore from this vein, for 20 carloads  has yielded from 23o to 337.8 ounces of silver per  ton. and 19 to 28��/0 iead.  This company now propose to build an aeria'  tramway down to Cody creek, and there erect a  concentrator. Foreman, Alex McPhee. Number  of men, 15 (in Aug.)  GOODENOUGH.  The Goodenough, title, crown grant, 8.3 acres,  and the location tiie Grey Copper, OiK) by 1,284 feet,  lying south of the Rueeau, are owned by Jno. A���  Whittier, Jno. Thompson, and Jno. Martin.  Sandon, and six men were at work on the *' small  vein," as described in the Reco above. In the  workings, tunnel No. 6, or the lowest, was a crosscut tor 275 feet and near the point of intersection  with the vein an upraise had been made for 169 feet  to tunnel level No. 4 along the Ruecau-Goodenough  line, following for nearly all that distance several  inches of the very high grade ore. In the N. E.  the drift ran off into the Reco ground, while to the  S.W. the Goodenough drift, in 170 feet, with 500  feet of the vein on this level available before  leaving the side line,had good ore for 110 feet both  above and below the level, with a narrow streak of  carbonates to the face, an improvement in the ore  chute being exjiected when the vein passed through  the dyke 30 feet ahead In the tunnel levels Nos.  2 and 4, the relation of the vein to the surface was  such that but a comparative short distance along  the vein could be worked on this ground, and all  was stoped out, but in the- Reco these two levels  were being extended to the N E.  There is a fa:r amount of good timber. As in  the other mines, greatest activity is during the  winter seiison, when the cost of shipping ore to  Sandon, by rawhiding, is S3 per ton, instead of $7  by packing on mules in the summer. The grade  of the ore, of course, is similar to that sent from  the Reco, the smelter returns for car load lots  giving from 277 to 507 ounces of silver per ton, and  48 to 07% lead for galena ore, and 168.5 to 322.5  ounces: of silver per ton. and 2 to 31% lead for car-  it.    E.   LEE.  grant, 600 by 1500 feet.   Located  the mountain, one-quarter of a   Last Chance, and five miles by  trail and road from McGuigan's Siding, on the K.  & S. Ry. Owned by Lorenzo Alexander, Kaslo.  At the time of visit, in August; 10 men were employed by leasers, who were working on a narrow  galena vein, striking N E by S W, and dipping S  E 45��, near a very large exposure of porphyry or  eruptive granite. Two tunnels, one 500 feet long,  had been run in and connected by a 95-foot upraise, and from the lower tunnel, down an incline,  some ore was being extracted. In places in the  mine the ore has been found 18 inches wide. Dur  ing the last year about three carloads of ore have  been shipped that averaged 130 ounces in silver to  the ton and 75��/��� lead, the cost of transport to the  railway line being $5.50 to %7 50 per ton. Mr  Alexander has now 8 or 9 men at work,is building  more substantial living houses, ore shed, etc., and  from the mine is 'taking some good ^re.  SLOGAN    BOY.  This claim, 600 by 1500, title Crown grant, lies  on the ridge immediately east of the Payne group  and south of the Washington, and is leased by S  K Green et al, to T M Gibson and Lane Keith.  Two leads are being worked, one on the south  end of the claim, a very small but rich silver lead  vein, being worked through three tunnels, one 140  feet, another 160 feet long. The other, the  southern extention of the Washington vein,  is also argentiferous galena that follows along  two or three feet from ari eight foot porphyry  dyke, on both sides of which the shales and  slates are very much contorted- and to a...very,  considerable extent converted into gangue matter.  Beginning at the north end line a tunnel is run in  170 feet along a small streak of ore, and connects  with level No. 1, 235 feet long, which runsfitom  the shaft, 200 feet deep,where at a depth of 100 'feet,  the vein, here dipping at a high angle, is passed  through. Eight to ten car loads of ore, both galena  and carbonates, had been shipped, of which 30 ipns  of the ore from the small vein gave 382.4 ounces of  silver per ton;-and 75.4%  the other vein averaged  per ton and 68% lead.  lead, while the orefrom  over 100 ounces of/silver  v  PAYNE   GROUP.  At time of visit, part of this property was in  litigation, le^ently terminated by all" interests  being b,night up from Mr S S Bailey by Mr A W  McCune et al. and this group will comprise the  Payne, Mountain Chief, Maid of Erin.and the Two  Jacks, 38.4 acres, title, crowu grants, with 2,500  feet along this vein, located on the ridge forming  the western end of the range on which are the  mines that have been described, three miles east of  Three Forks 'and three or four miles N W from  Sandon, to which place is being built anew wagon  road.  The Payne was the first locati >n made in the  Slocan District and the locators believing the  trend of the vein would follow the strike of the  country rocks as at Ainsworth, put in their stakes  accordingly, and in reality made their location  across the vein. Until lately this ground had  been opened up by Mr. Bailey, and.on the Payne  a tunnel has been ran in for over 300 feet, with ore  continuous for nearly, all that distance, the vein  strike, N E by S W, having a quartz gangue, but  with a maximum width in parts of sold high grade  gaieria of three feet. Substantial mine buildings  were being erected at this tunnel mouth, to supplement those already built, arid on the Maid of Erin,  to the south; a tunnel lower down had been begun  and extended into the Payne claim. To the north  of this claim, on the Mountain Chief, tunnels had  also been run In on the vein, and ore stoped out to  the grass roots, but the main mining operations  will be conducted from the southern side of the  mountain, on which slope is a fair amount of  timber suitable for mining purposes; .fires having  destroved most of the wood supply. It is reported  that over (Sept. 1896) ��100,000 worth of ore has  already been sold from this vein, the carbonates  assaying 80 to 100 ozs. sliver per ton, and 35 to 40%  lead, and the galena ore 175 ounces of silver and  7o% lead, or an average net value on all ore sold of  over .<100 per ton. Mr. Scott McDonald formerly  in charge of the Skyline, is superintendent of th.-  work now being vigorously carried on. At time  of visit 28 men were engaged on the different  claims.  THE   W ASHING TON  upper tunnel. No 1,77 feet long, there was 'con'  siderable mill ore, but most of the ore came from  tunnel No 2,_00 feet below and 275 feet long, over  which was a large stope 150 ieet,long and 30 feet  high, with a good quantity of concentrating ore  in sight, which on being broken, was sent clown  to tunnel No 3, 30o feet long, in which the ofey^  mute is much smaller and completely cut off at  he face by a fault not yet explored. From the  mouth of this tunneMevel the ore passes down  through a shute 180 feet long to a 3-rail gravity  tramway. l;450 feet long, which leads to the chute  down to the strong log ore bins of the concentrator, where an excellent wagon road���one of the  best in West Kootenay���three miles long, runs to  McGuigan .siding on the K& S R R.  Concentrator���This mill was the first built in  the Slocan, by Mr T L Mitchell, who used  machinery mostly made in Canada. It has a  daily capacity, when water is sufficient, of 5j  tons of ore, and the ore, after passing through a _'"  by 10inch Blake crusher into the supply bin, is  automatically fed to coarse rolls, and thence  elevated to the revolving screen which makes  three sizes:. (a). The smallest screened material  is further sizes to 3 sized by an hydraulic classifier, each of which passes to one of the 3 fine  Hartz jigs, while the overflow of the classifier  runs into a V shaped settling tank, and the  settlings of which are drawn off into a double  round slime table, the middlings from which pass  to elevator Nol, into the trommel, and then to  classifier again; (b) Of the 2nd and 3rd sizes of  the revolving screen, and the refusal or the product passing out of the lower end of the screen,  each passes to one of the three coavsc Hartz jigs,  the middlings from which go to coaree middlings  rolls, and then back by elevator No 1. The middlings from the fine jigs pass to fine set of rolls,  and also to elevator No l. The clean concentrates pass inte; concentrator bins, which drain  into settling tanks to save the slimes, and all  shipping material is sent clown the bill hi sacks.  Ore���The crude ore or unconcentrated galena  assays from 108 to 133 ounces of silver per ton,  and 66 / lead, and during the past- year, the concentrates, of which 50 to 60 car loads have been  shipped, yielded95 ounces of silver per ton, 60��L  lead. As the wa ter supply for the m ill Is for some  months precarious, or only available for hah of  the,year and for the last season even less than  that, it has not been leasable to persue mining  operations to that extent otherwise possible, but  the development work will be clone in the meantime, as there is good site for another tunnel on  the lead below the present No 3.   ;  ; ;best. ":  The Best, 600 by 1,500 feet, title Crown Grant,  and the Cincher. alt. 5,800 feet, lie in the Best  has in. on the north slope of the mountain range,  on which are the Reco, Noble Five and other  mines already described, are owned by A W McCune'Geo w Hughes, P Larsen and Scott McDonald. The Washington Mine road has been  extended to the mine, which is thus 4 miles from  McGuigan's Siding.  The ridge separating this basin fronv the  Dardanelles basin is formed by a fine , grained  granitic boss, onlwhich are the above claims and  part of the Rambler group, and on the Best claim:  this mass is seamed with a series of quartz veins  from a few inches to 6 feet wide, running N W  and Se (mag.) and dipping north-easterly 30-45'.  The ore consists of quarts and rich silver-bearing  tetrahedrite and jamestonite, with, in isolated  places, galena and a little blende arid iron  and copper-pryrites. These veins are Irregular in size, inasmuch as they will  have a width of 2 or 8 feet, then pinch out or  break into several small stringers. An incline  shaft had beeri sunk 75 feet on one of the veins,  and in this and a 25-foot drift, ore was continuous  with a maximum width of 3 feet, and 120 feet down  the hill in a tunnel 312 feet long; at 100 feet a vein  of 6-8 inches of gijod ore was being followed to the  SE for 65 feet (Sept 6th), and at 25 feet a raise to  connect with the incline was up 55 feet, at the foot  of which was a vein 18 inches wide, of galena,  grey copper and blende. The value of the ore  shipped was not learned* but other shipments this  winter are exnected, when the mine will have been  put in the best shape for good work.  Banaman, with 9 men.  RAMBLER     GROUP.  Higher up in the Best basin and  Best claim, lie the Rambler group, i  Foreman, F  Was located on the northern slope of this moun  tain on the vein that showed in the face of the-  cliff, and over 1,400 tons of ore were shipped in the  early years of 1892-3-4. but work ceased until the  end of 1895, when tlie concentrator was built,  permitting the shipment of much mill ore on  hand in the _aine and on the dump. This claim,  Crown-granted, 14.70 acre3, together with four  mineral locations, is the property of J L Montgomery, of New York ; JLRfetaJlack et al,Kaslo.  The porphvry dyke in places lies next to the  ore, but so far has not been found to cut across  the vein, which, with a strike N E by S W, and  a dip to the S E from 60 to 85 , is 3 to 12 feet wide,  with an average width of 5 to 6 feet of galena in  the gangue of spathic iron and quartz with zinc  blend, much of which is sorted out. Bodies of  clean, solid galena are also mined, but there is  verv little carbonates or decomposed ore.   In the.  south of the  p, i. e., the Rambler. Caribou, Antelope, Tiger and Best Fraction.  Crown grants applied for, the property of the  Rambler and Caribou Consolidated G and S Mining Co. Capital stock $1,000,000. Pres J B Mo-  Arthur, Rossland; Sec A L MeClaine, Kaslo; Sup  erintendent, Richaru Shea.  Although the ground embraced within the limits  of this property has hardly yet begun to be prospected, two different series of veins have been discovered and are being work. The veins first found  were two quartz veins in the same granite as the  Best, with the same character of ore, hut when  building a trail a narrow streak, a finger-width of  red and brown iron oxides, betrayed the existence  of a typical silver-galena vein, running through  the Slocan slate series and porphyry, close to the  contact with the granite area, and since following  this streak, sthree feet of solid high grade ore  have been found in one of the tunnels. Galena ore  in good quantity has been found in other veins on  which a little work had just been done, and every  indication pointed to the high value of the property.  (A) Veins in Granite���About half way up the  slope of the ridge of the granite, two strong  quartz veins 200 feet apart; traceable to the summit 400 to 500 feet above, had been entered bv two  tunnels, aud the strike of each was about N 20�� E.  by S 20 W, nearly.at right angles to Best veins, a  short distance away. In one tunnel 20 feet long  the vein, dipping easterly 70', consisted of a very  white crystalline quartz, with druses, 3 to 20  inches wide, with parts ofthe vein strongly impregnated with grey copper and Jamesonite, and  in other tunnel, 75 feet long, the vein dipping  easterly 40 to 50 , was continuous, with awidtn  of 2 to a0 in dies of very fine looking tetrahedrite  or grey copper ore from a small slope in which,  it was stated, 18 tons shipped to the Pilot  Bay smelter has assayed 499 ounces of silver per  ton, $7.50 in gold 2 /��� copper. No work was being  done on these veins at the time of visit, but large  and commodious cabins, ore houses, etc., were  being erected, there being a good supply of large  timber in the basin.  (B) silver Lead Veins���The vein material  mentioned above has been traced on the surface  for over 400 feet by cuts, and tunnel No l, after  being run as a crosscut for 78 feet through the  poryphvry and slate, had been drifted for 30 feet  (Sept 6th) along a vein of solid galena ore, in  places a tew inches wide,in others 12 to 24 inches. Fourth Year.  THE   LEDGE.  5  and at one point in the drift there were two  bancfa of galena along what made the walls of  the drift, with crushed country rock between.  Along the planes of bedding and fracture in rock  there were iron pyrites and galena and the country  ; rock was impregnated with pyrites. In tunnel  No _, 170 feet long and'50 feet above and 115 feet  beyond the face of No 1 drift, the vein varies from  3 and 4 inches to 2 and 3 feet in width; but at the  lace the ore was scattered through the country  rock. On the ridge a small tunnel exposed two  feet of solid ore, of which 15 tons had been piled  outside, and this vein appeared to be traceable  for several hundrod feet to some stopes. made by-  leasers in 1893 on the Antelope ground on ihe  slope of the ridge overlooking the Dardanelles  basin. Althougnthese stopes were badly caved  in, the vein was seen to betly ing very flat, with  2 or 3 feet of mixed ore,and in one place 2 feet) of  solid galena ore, aud during the present winter  this vein will be properly prospected and put in  shape for mining.  The galena ore shipped, as per smelter returns,  has yielded from 79.6 to 273.3 ounces of silver per  ton, and 31 to 64 / lead, one lot of 27 tons netting  $185.12 per ton,-while the carl>onate ores, running  22k /0lead, assayed 166 to 178,5 ounces per ton,of  silver.. Ore shipments will be sustained, and it is  proposed to extend the Washington wagon road  via the Best up to the mine, to greatly facilitate  the export of the mine output, and it is now  reported that this has been done. y  Other Claims���On the City of Spokane Fqss &  McDonald were exploring for the extension to the  south-west of the main lead vein.  .  0 SURPRISE   AND   ANTOINE,  In the next basin, or the Surprise basin, mining  operations are active, but lack of time forbade a  visit to the weli-kriowri. mines, the Surprise and  the Antoine, that lie to the north of the Noble Five  group, but down on tbe north slope, of the ridge.  The Surprise, title. Crown grant, 15.7 acres, manager, Alex Smith, KasIo.;has made regular shipments of high grade ore during the years 1894-5-6,  arid is now l,eing actively worked. The Aritoirie.  Manager, J C Ryan, Kaslo, is also shipping, ten  carloads of ore being; sent to the smelters during  thepastyear.  RUBY     SILVER.  The Ruby Silver, owned by Matthews and Bra-  den, "Kaslo, is being developed, and during'the  past season the mine sh pped two carloads of high  grade silver ore, brie lot Uj-.tons' assaying 198.2  ounces of silver per ton, aud46% lead, and another  13�� tons, 256.4 ounces per ton, of silver, and 66%  lead. This claim, lying just north of the Noble  Five claims, is Crown-granted, and contains 17i3_  -acre?.. , ���������;-.  DARDANELLES.. r  This important group of claims lies in the Dardanelles basin, between the Best and Jackson  basins, but as all work was suspended in Septein-  ber, this mine was not visited. Recently the  newly organised Dardanelles Mining and Milling  Co.. Ltd.,of Kaslo, B O, See, A LMcLaine.Kaslo  capital stock $1,000,000 in ��1 shares, has acquired  the following claims, embracing 175 acres, the  Dardanelles, Dardanelles No 2, Diainorid Cross,  andOkanagan: and mining Operafioris on a sufficient and systematic scale are to be now inaugurated. , '     , "'���' X.;/:���"���: "'7"::: .X'^.y-X '  On the vein on the Dardanelles,cutting" across  nel mouth. The new cross-cut tunnel, No 3, 60  feet lower down, was in (Aug 23rd) 35 feet and apparently approaching the vein. Tunnel No 4.135  feet vertically below No z, had been driven 340  feet along under a smooth wall, or along a liue of  Assuring, along which had been irregularly deposited a small amount of ore. Tunnel No 5 had  been begun under present management on the  strong out-crop of the vein near Jackson creek, in  which a good amount of water for power and  milling purposes is said to be available all the year  round, and at the surface on the smooth wall lay  about two feet of black-jack, then 3 or 4 feet of the  greenish eruptive rock, and then a band j to 2 feet  wideof steel galena, which continues with vary  ing thickness most: of the distance to the face'  Where lying next a verv smooth hanging wall  were 6 to 18 inches of this fine grained ore. On the  dump were 10 to 12 tons of good ore and a considerable amount of milling rock, and:if further work  justifies, a concentrator may be erected on this  creek. There is a plentiful supply of good timber  right at the mine, and the present management  propose a thorough exploration of the property,  and with a new road ore can be easily hauled to a  railroad at a cost of *2 per ton. During the month  of December 5 or 6 carloads were shipped to the  smelters, the returns of which had not been received.'  other claims.���Time did not permit the exam  inatibn of other claims in this basin, but work was  being done on several with very encouraging results, other veins of high grade silver-lead ore be  ing uncovered. On the Bell and Sunset, at tlie  upper end of the basin, L Peterson was engaged  by the owners, J L Retallaek et al. Kaslo, in opening up a vein of this ore found running through  these claims, and ore has also been found on the  Silver King owned by J Moore and P A. MePhee  of Kaslo. About �� of a mile north of the Northern  Belle very rich ore was found on a small vein on  tlie Bon Ton, title, Crown grant, owned by Capt  RC Adams, Montreal, but no work has bnen done  for some time on this claim. On tha Grown Point  formerly the San Franciscan, lying np on the  mountain slope east of the basin and of the Northern Belle group, it is reported that a silver-lead  vein can be traced by different croppings through  the claim, but nothing but assessment hasjso "far  been done. ',".'���������  WHITEWATER.  This property has also paid for itself since its dis  coyery, high grade silver ore havirig been mined  from the grass roots without ever a demand for  money being made upon its'owners; and this year  a dividend will be paid of ��25,000.  The two claims,' the Whitewater and the Irene,  Crown grrnts applied for, are located about one,  mile north of Whitewater station on the K & S Ry,  18 miiest of Kaslo, are owned by J C Eaton, J ;L  Retallaek, J L Montgomery, and W 0 Pierce, of  Kaslo; Superiritendedt J C Eaton.  Crossing the shales and slates on the Whitewater claim the vein runs east and west (mag.)  and dips S 40 to 45. A good wagon road 8,300  feet long, has been built, at a cost of .1:2,800, from  the.imneto the railroad, and there is an abundant  supply of good mine timber, and also iri Whitewater creek ample4or power and other purposes.  In mining all the ��� underground workings are  kept timbered up! in ah excellent manner, as is  imperative; as this vein is evidently located iri a  shear zone along'which the country rock has been  shattered and ground up for a distance of 10 to 25  the Slocan slates and the porphyry dykes, a shaft j feet from the rissttre, so that very little blasting Is  has been sunk 220 feet and 1300 ieet of drifts and j required in this aSit material,only pick and shovel  raises run, and from these workings over 25a tonsr workywhile the timbers must be kept  of high grade ore were shipped that averaged 265   "     - " '     ���       -   -  ounces of silver per ton ana 26 /��� lead, while sever  per  al hundred tons of second class bre, said to assay  75 ounces of .silver and 16% lead, were piled,  on the dump, 76 tons of 'which were shipped to the  Pilot Bay smelter giving the above returns. From  a copy of the smelter returns the ore is seen to.  have run from 145.8 to 470.2-ounces of silver per,  ton; and from 15 to 56 /. lead; one shipment of ten  tons giving the highest returns, while 115 tons  yielded 3po ounces of silver per ton, The ore  carries a few units excess of zinc abova the 10%  smelter limit. y  Other veins have been slightly prospected upon  the Okanagan and Diamond Cross, but these will  now be properly opened up. In the 220 foot shaft  the small plant of a 7 h j> boiler and a No. 6  Knowles pump, was quite inadequate to handle  the water, and a plant of requisite capacity will be  now put in, and this vein will be extensively ex  plotted. There is a good supply of timber for mine  purposes; aud for transportation at present a trail  l�� miles long leads out to the Washington wagon  road and thence to McGuigan siding.  Wm S Tretheway, M E, will be superintendent  for the company, and the above information has  been taken from his report to the company, and  from a copy of the smelter returns.  NORTHERN   BELLE.'  The Northern Belle, Dublin Queen, Kootenay  Star and Ophir, surveyed for crown grant,located  in Jackson Basin, 5 miles south of . Whitewater  station, on the Kaslo & Slocan R.R\, and 4 or 5  miles by trad via Reco mine trail, north-east of  Sandon, have been bonded by R Jackson to Geo.  Alexander etal. -Nine men were at work upon  this property under R J MePhee, and a wagon  road about 5 miles... long, with all grades under  lo%, was to be constructed from the railroad to  the mine.   There are many features of interest in  this  vein which, accompanied by a greenish  colored eruptive rock and cutting across the very  carboniferous shales and slates and limestones, is  much disturbed by faults of a s.nall amount of  dislocation.   One peculiarity is that throughout  all the workings where the vein has been explored,  along the very smooth foot-wall lies a band of a  few inches to 3 ieet of solid zinc blende and above  this, in a quartz and spathic iron gangue, is the  galena varying in texture from  the fine steel  galena to the very coarsely crystalline.   Up to  18 inches of solid ore have been mined, while iri  places in the mine there is -u width of several feet  ot mixed milling ore.   Prior to the giving of the  present bond aii the ore in sight had been extracted to cover the heavy legal expenses forced upon  the owner by a former leaser, and ore was being  found during the present development, but at  trine of visit the mine was just being put iu proper shape for exploration.   In the uppermost tunnel, No 1, 50 feet long, work was begun on a big  out-crop of decomposed vein matter and blende,  and 60 feet below, tunnel No 2, driven in 250 feet,  had been the source of most of the ore shipped. In  tiie upper and underhand Stopes the underlying  band of blende always proved persistent, but as  the ground was soft and much water was coming  in, but little work was being done on this level,  although 40) sacks of first-class ore lay at the tuu-  . right up to  the face, spiling even often being necessary.  Along the well-defiiied smooth foot-wall or fissure  plane, there is usually a band of spathic iron,  sometimes five feet thick, and upon this will be  found a varying thickness; of galena and then  carbonates or oxidised-ore, the ore being often  scattered irregularly through the broken mass"of  shale for. a width of 20 feet.  On the surface the vein has now been disclosed  for 800 feet, and from strippings several car loads  of good ore have been shipped from the crushed  mass of shale and iron oxides and yellow carbonates, copper stained by the decomposed tetrahedrite. In the mine the upperhiost tunnel, No.  00, had been driven in 30 feet along tlie much  decomposed vein, and ore was being piled up at  the mouth. Tunnel No 1,260 ft. below No. 00, had  been driven west along vein I30ift, but with little  ore. Iii tunnel No. 2,400ft.long, 75 ft: below No. 1,  with 45 dip. 3 or 4 car loads of ore were extracted  from a small stope near the entry and beyond  this the vein was almost barren for 340 feet, when  the ore chute widened from {6 inches to 6 feet of  solid ore-, and iu the face, beside the carbonate  ore, were 6 to 12 inches of solid steel galena. Tunnel No 3,96 feet on the dip below No 2, had been  extended 425 feet with 4 to 10 inches of continuous  ore for 20o feet, when in a crosscut, running both  ways, was a muss of barren crushed shale about  20 feet wide,with a band of Steele galena along  either boundary of this zoue. At the face of the  ore chute was small, but the solid mass of spathic  iron was 3 to 5 feet wide. Near the mouth of this  tunnel $1,000 worth of ore was taken from a  narrow streak of carbonate ore in driving 40 feet,  and a winze had been sunk 15 feet to a short tunnel following good ore, and then 70 feet farther,  with 2 to 4 feet of very high grade ore for 40 feet oi  galena, varying from very fine to the coarselv  crystalline and carbonate ores. In tunnel No 4.  104 feet on the dip below No 3, the heading was in  175 feet, and in the face was a solid band of spathic  iron 2 ioet wide on the regular dip of the vein,  with a finely crushed mass of black slate and  shale on either side, In a slope 40 feet long, and  up one set above the . drift, there were 6 to 12  inches of steel galena, and then coarse broken  galena, as If shattered by movement since deposition.  From this description it will be seen thatwoik  has been confined almost entirely to development,  and that but little stoping has been done between  levels.    Good and commodious ore sheds  being built at the lower tunnel, and other  buildings, cabin, etc., were close by.  Ore���Six lots of ore sent from this vein was the  first sent out of the Slocan, via Kaslo, and in the  early days it cost ��100 per ton before any returns  were received. Much ofthe ore shipped is of the  carbonate class, and the silver value ranging from  72 to 398.5 ouncesper ton, the lead from ll to 30��/,  while the galena ore yielding 35 to 657��� lead,  assays in sdverfrom 75 to 362.6 ounces per ton, or  an average on the whole out-put of the mine for  1896 of 114 ounces per ton, and 30% lead. This ore  carries from 16 to 17% zinc, and the smelter  charges vary from $9 to $13 per ton���Wj it the lead  is below 20 j. : the cost of freight being ��i per ton  to the radroad, and *n to the smelter. Nun her of  men, 28,  were  mine  Other Claims���Work was being done on the  Elkhorn, the eastern extension of the Whitewater,  and on the Charlestone, further up the mountain,  Mr J Mitchell was driving a tunnel to reach a  vein from which he had already taken some ore.  Seven men are now working on the Corean, the  western extension of the Charleston; seven m\m  are opening up this vein and getting some ore,  and seven men are working on the Lone Star,  the property of the Hansard Mining Co. These  threo claims were staked out by Mr. Wm Mathew-  son. the locator ofthe Wellington. To the east of  the Wellington seven men are employed |6n the  Sunset, on what is believed to be an extension. of  the Wellington ledge, which is thought to extend  into the claim east of the Sunset, the Colorado,  where again seven men are mining. On the  Eldon and Acton claims, 3.000 ieet west of the  Lone Star, the Eldon Gold and Silver Mining Co.,  of Spokane, Wash., have at work ten men.  4  WELLINGTON.  On the same mountain slope, one and a half  miles west of the Whitewater, lie the Wellington,  crown grant, 50.5 acres, Ivanhoe, Ottawa, Metis  Bleucher, Goodluck and Bolderwood, the property  of the Keoteriay and Columbia Prospecting and  Mining Company, of Ottawa, Out.. Capital stock.  $40,000.   Superintendent, John McConnell, Kaslo.  On the Wellington are two veins in the Slocan  slates, one str king N 50 E and dipping 60��  southerly, and the other dipping north, described  by Mr. McConnell, of the Geological Survey, as a  ''Wide crushed zone, traversing the slates in an  east and west direction, The crushed slates holds  stringers and pockets of quartz, spathic iron and  calespar." A cross-cut tunnel 170 feet long taps  the vein at 40 feet in depth, and an 800-foot crosscut tunnel intersects the south-dipping vein at 550  feet at the 200-foot level, along wiiich so far the  vein dipping north has not been found, although  itis now being followed down towards this levej.  The works are all connected on the south vein  from the 200-foot level, up in the 140-foot drift the  . north vein is intersected. At;present ore is being  mined from both veins, but tlie highest grade" ore  comes from the vein dipping north. The' mine  is about 2 miles from the siding on the K. & S. R.  R., and ore is being packed down half way by  the trail, and halt way by wagon road. Tl ie  ground is very soft, requiring little or no powder,  but the timbering, as in the Whitewater, must be  constantly kept up.to face of work.  Ore���From a copy of the smelter returns, the ore  which occurs both as the carbonate and galena,  .'with grey copper and zinc blende, in which is  found good silver value, has assayed from  125 to 328 ounces of silver per ton in car  load lots, and 10 to 550/0 lead, the average for 400  tons shipped, being 173 ounces in silver, and 30 /���'  lead. Number of men employed, 24. During  the year 1896, 25 lotsof ore have been shipped, and  the mine has been put in excellent condition for  mining and further development.  ;       THE LUCKY JIM;  The Lucky Jim group is located at Bear Lake;  20 miles west of Kaslo, 1,300 feet south of the K &  S RR, and 67o feet above it, and beiorigs to Wm  Braden and E J Mathews, of Kaslo. Mr McCon-  nel reports in the Summary Reoort of 1895, that  this claim is,situated on what, "appears to be a  faulted line of, contact between the slates arid a  brecciated band of limestone; The ore occurs in  large pockets and side fissures penetrating the  lihiestone.y In developing this mineralized limestone band, in which the ore is galena, znic blend;  iron pyrites and some carbonates, a 3-drill Rand  Compressor is being used, for the machine drills,  but as most.of this ore is! concentrating material,  it is proposed to erect a m.ll during the coming  spring. ,-;-.,.  The Ore���Of 110 tons shipped, the silver value  ,was 59.2 to 75 ounces of silver per ton, and 50 to  56% lead, arid by tests in concentrating, the probable value of the concentrates will be 60 to 75 ozs.  of silver per ton, and 55 to 56 /��� lead. Number of  men employed, 15. Superintendant, E J Mathews.  , '    ?��� ' ��� '.  ���  LONDON  HILL   GROUP.  The London, the Third of July, the Pompeii  claims, 1,500 by 1,500 feet, and the fractional  claim the R-ound Up, situated on trie ridge ofthe  mountains, west of Carpenter Creek, about three  miles from Bear Lake and the K & S R- JRs, are  being acquired by the London Hill Development  and Mining Co, Ltd, Kaslo, B C. O T Stone,  President; TG Proctor, General Manager. Capital stock ��150,000 in 600,000 shares at 25 cents,  each.  This mine was not seen, but Mr D R; Irving  reports that near the summit a ridge two tunnels  had beeir driven, in one' of which, over 40 feet  long, was a 4-foot vein, carrying grey copper ore  and silver sulphides. On the other side ofthe  riuge, 254 feet below:the summit; a tunne[ 32t feet  long was being driven to .tap the vein in depth,  in which several small quartz veins, traversing  the slates arid quartzites. were cut. Three lots or  high grade ore, or about 40 tons, have been {shipped, on which the smelter returns were 190 ozs.,  267 ozs; and 150 ozs of silver per ton respectively;  and this winter Mr Proctor has a force of men  engaged opening up this property. As in other  veins of this character of ore, there is much 2nd  class ore that will have to be milled near the mine  but the method to be adopted will be decided upon  after more underground work has been done.  Slocan   Lake.  This beautiful lake, lying in a deep valley  between the valleys of the Arrow and Kootenay  lakes, is 23 miles long and about one mile wide,  and in the valleys and on the ridges that trend  away from it. to the east, mines of very great  promise are being rapidly opened up, and new  rinds of value are being made as prospecting is  more thoroughly and widely carried on. As yet  the great granite mountains to the west have not  been found to be mineral-bearing, but more  diligent search may reveal as good veins of rich  mineral as have been found in the granite area  east of the lake, which, until lately, was shunned  by the prospectors, who had an unwarranted lack  or faith iu tlie likelihood of veins being in this  formation.  However, all doubt has been dispelled, the  granite area is fast gaining in importance, and  this part of the Slocan now offers many good  inducements for further search and investment.  It is true that most of the leads so far discovered  are small, but the high value of the ore to a great  extent compensates for this, and as to their persistence, there is no reason why these pay-chute3  should not continue to carry their size and value  as depth is attained.  be built during the coming  with the line running from  At Roseberry the lake steamers connect with  the C.P.R., and then stop at New Denver, which  'has one of the best townsites in Kootenay, and  is the official centre for the Sloean,; at Silverton  at the mouth of Four Mile creek; at landings at  Ten Mile and Twelve Mile creeks, or any other  point desired; and at Slocan City and Brandon,  two rival towns at the south end ofthe lakej  whence the trails lead oft* to ^Springer,  Lemon,Twelve^and Ten Mile creeks jand a branch  of the C.P.R. will "    "  season to   connect  Robson to Nelson.  On the south of the range dividing the south  fork of Carpenter creek from Four Mile  creek, on the north slope of which are  the series of mines, frorii the Sloean Star to  the Idaho and Alamo, are the Mountain Chief,  California, Alpha Group. Reed and Robertson.  Jenny Lind, Ottawa group, and Fisher Maiden,  all oi which were visited, except the first two, and  south of Four }<ii\e creek are (he Thompson group,  Vancouver group and the Hewitt claim.  Four Mile creek, for ten miles of its course,form3  a dividing line between the Slocan slates and the  granite, although small areas oi each cross the  river in places.  THE.MOUNTAIN CHIEF.  This property lies at the western extremity of  this ridge and is owned by Geo W Hughes, who  was one of the earliest shippers from this district  via Nakusp j having purchased tliis claim iu 1892  and then shipped a large amount of ore in 1893-4 5.  of galena averaging 130 ounces of silver an 70%  lead. After this thelead was lost arid much work  has been done prospecting for its continuation.  This fall several carloads of zincy galena Ore  have been\ shipped and work is being pushed  ahead.      y ,  THE ALPHA.  The Alpha, Crown-granted, 51.67 acres, and  other claims -are locally known as the Grady  group, and are owned by Jas McNaught, Alex  McKenzie, and Jas McKenzie. Manager, F McNaught, Silverton. A good road 2&��� miles long  from Silverton, leads to the foot of a 3 rail gravity  tramway about 1200 feet long, up to tunnel No l.  No work has been done for some time as there is  some litigation in progress, in fact, none since the  fall of 1894, but over 1000 tons of ore had been sold  that averaged 115 ounces in silver per ton and 707.  lead. >  This vein runs "true N E and S W, and dips S E  30 to 40��, through the black limestones, shales, and  slates but no ore was in sight. The ground i3  much disturbed and faults were in .evidence.  There are 5 tunnels, of'Which No 2 was in about  300 feet to the face, with three upraises, cross-cuts  and an incline, arid another tunnel starting near  the m,.uth of this one ran 50 feetN 70�� E, while  immediately below was a third, connected by  stopes with the upper ones. No 4,80 feet down tite  hill, is a cross-cut for 100 feet through the much  contorted country rock, and then a drift 110 ieet  alonga smooth fault wall lying next to which was  much black gouge, but no ore. Tunnel No 5. below No 4, appears to be following another lead altogether, from the position and strike, or north  and south, dip, E45��-50��, arid for 110 feet alonga  smooth wall with several inches of decomposed  matter or iron oxides; but there were no sign of  any ore having been taken from this working.  Other Claims.������North west about one mile is  the California, owned by J McDonald, J Marino.  B C Van Houten et al, to which mine a road  had been built from New Denver, as a carload of  galeya ore was ready on the dump for shipment,  THE REED AND ROBERTSON.  High up on this range, 6 miles by road and trail  from Silverton, is a very strong veiu"that rims up  the south slope, crosses the ridge and then passes  down the north slope as far, it is believed, as the  Carnation claim, and along its strike eight or ten  claims have been staked.    .  Ij&eedand Tenderfoot���These two olaims; surveyed for Crown Grants, extend up the slope and  across the ridge, and had been secured by Mr  O W Callahan, M E, for his clients, who'were  prospecting the vein by surface cuts. The vein  runs about north and sourii (mag.) and dips from  45 E to nearly horizontal. At the southern  boundary of the Reed a tunnel had beon driven  in 110 feet, disclosing considerable milling galena  ore. and on the surface the ledge was very wide  with also a good deal of mill oreoccuringin wide  bands of very coarsely crystallized calcite, 10 to  12 feet wide, while next to the calcite bands are  several inches of solid galena. Higher up the  slope the calcite bands continue, forming a  prominent landmark from their whiteness, and  several cuts narrow bands of solid, very large  cubed galena lie next to these bands, that at a  point 300 feet above the tunnel come together in a  solid mass of lime 10 to 14 feet wide, with several  feet of concentrating ore. and a few inches of  solid lead ore. At the small cuts, about 30 tons  of splendid ore were piled up, but more work is  required to demonstrate the value and conditions  of this very striking lead. There is no timber on  these claims to amount to anything, and to get  this ore in quantity clown to Four Mile Creek, a  longariel rope tramway, on a very steep pitch,  will have to be built down a ridge safe from  snowslides.  The Jenny Lind. lying south of the Reed  has about 800 feet of the vein crossing one  corner, and is owned by Paul and Chas Anderson, Silverton. The vein presents very much  the same characteristics of a large amount of  calcine and brecciated, slate and lime with  irregular masses of concentrating ore and  stringers of solid galena. A tunnel had been  driven 150 feet in a direction diagonally across the  ledge, but ln.it as yet no ore in quantity has been  found. In 1895, 30 tons of galena was shipped,  and on the dump was piled mixed ore or calcite,  galena and blende.  The Robertson, lying south of the Reed and  Jenny Lind. is owned by Wm. Robertson etal,  Silverton. The vein is here covered mostly by  wash, but 40-foot tunnel had been run in where  the ledge showed 8 to 10 feet of calcite, with little  galena;   No work was being done.  The Wakefield, Ottawa and Cazabazhua, owned  by Geo. Fairburn and Wm. Smith, Silverton, and  located on the southern extension of the vein, had  on the Wakefield a tunnel running N E 125'feef.  in which, at 80 feet, we.ie 16 to 20 inches of-solid  fine-grained galena, beyond which was the coarse  calcite lying on a dip only 123 to 20c from the  horizontal, and on the Ottawa further down tlie  slope, the ledge is said to be lying even flatter. No  work but "assessment has 1 icon done during thi. 6  THE   LEDGE,  Fourth  Yean  year.  -',. r  f s  FISHER 'MAIDEN GKOUP.  At the time of visit to those ^claims no work  was being done, but they befoug to Jno Pophan  and Albert Webb, Silverton, ancL lie along a  small creek flowing into Four Mile Creek, seven  miles east by trail from Silverton.  :. This vein was discovered in a narrow -gulch-in  syenitic granite, with strike NEby S W, and a  clip 75 N W. It shows on both sides of the gulch,  where in two tunnels were stopes 13 feef wide up  to the surface. Below these workings have been  rim two other tunnels, one on the south of the  gulch being in 100 feet with crosscuts, but showing no ore. On the north side over 400 feet of  work had been done, in which four drifts had  been run along smooth fissure planes that proved  to carry no ore. At one part where two drifts  branched off at an angle of 45', was a winze full  ��� of water, close by which were lying several  large blocks of galena ore: in quartz gangue On  the dump were pieces of ore, consisting Of zinc  blende in a quartz and spathic iron (?) gangue.  also some galena ore; but the percentage of lead  was very low. Native silver was found along the  seams, and of about50 tons shipped in the fall of  1894 the silver value is reported to have been 190  ounces per ton, while one lot of 91 tons carried  40/0 lead, the remainder 10/v.  Other Claims���South of Four Miie Creek are  many loeationson silver-lead veins, and work is  being done on a number of important  south has been altered, silicified, and impregnated in place's with ore, along ,a zone varying, m.  width from 20 to 40 Ieet. The ore appears to consist mostly of native arsenic, mispiekle, pyrite and  pyrrhotite, distributed, through the'vein" in an irregular manner." Four hundred feet up the steep  .ace oi the bluff a tunnel had been driven i n __  feet into this zone, but very little mineralisation  was apparent there. J MM Benedum.one of the  owners, lias obtained several assays high in silver  and gold from samples taken from this vein, on  which only assessment work has been done. ���'.-.;.'  TEN MILE CREKK.  An excellent wagon road has been built from  the landing 8 mile? up this creek, through a valley  of fine timber, to the Enterprise mine, and thence  rails pass over to Springer arid Lemon creeks and  back to Slocan City, and also farther east to the,  head waters of Kokanee and Yuill creeks and the  south fork of Kaslo creek, where a great deal of  prospecting hai been clone during the past season,  with good results.  THE ENTERPRISE.  The Thompson group, about six -miles  groups,  east ���oJ  bonded  !r49,000  Silverton, on the Fennel Creek, has been  to Dr D" Bell-Irving, of Vancouver, for  ; '������' who is engaged in developing a galena vein from  which a considerable amount ol ore has already  been taken, anb has contracted iov the shipment  of 100 tons of ore on the dump, while 300-5'JO tons  are bolieved to be in sight that will yield about  ��100 to the ton on an average.  Farther west of this group, on Granite Creek, is  the Vancouver group, embracing the Vancouver;-  .Mountain Boomer, Le Roi, Iowa and Doone,  owned by Mahon Bros. The Hewitt,"owned  by Capt R G Tatlow. C F.Yates, et al, Vancouver  was being opened by Major Relet, with ten men,  ���-.who'-was,running a tunnel on a vein believed by  hi n to be the extensi :>n of the veiri on the Galena  Farm, to be described, and the breast of thetuuuel  was reported to be ail mixed ore or zinc blende  and spathic' iron, with 5 feet of mixed ore in a 75-  foot shaft.  GALENA FARM.  This property, otherwise known as the''Currie  Group,'' obtained its name by the finding of ore  scattered over a plateau east of the Slocan Lake,  and;the subsequent discovery of the large ledge  that now bids well to rank among the largest pro  dttcers in this district. Great importance maybe  attached to this vein in that, while resembling  in many details the large Slucan Star load that  runs through the slates and limestones, this is  , evidently In the granite, although, pieces of slate  occur, iri  the quartz  gangue, a small, but very  ''probably shallow, area of slates oecuring close  by, but bosses of granite protrude from the wash  all over these claims, from which the shite formation has been eroded, and tliis lead not only  demonstrates the importance of the granite area,  but also points to the persistence of the veins in  the different geological horizons..  The first to work this property were discouraged  rather by the presence of much zinc blende and  small amoun t of galena scattered through the ledge  matter,|but in the prospecting done during the last  season by the present owners; fine solid galena ore  with high silver values had been uncovered. The  group of claims comprising tho Currie, Grover,  Stephenson, Katie and Peerless. Crown Grants ap- j  plied for, H utiles south ot Silverton, and one  mile east of"the lake, was secured by C W Callahan,M E, for English investors who nave recently  formed the Galena Mines Company, Ltd,-London,  England, with a capital of ��550,OoO, in 550,000 ��1  shares.  On the Currie claim this vein was seen to have  a strike east and west (mag.) and a north dip of 50  to 65��, and on the surface, and an outcrop now  traced for 1,600 feet, with, in .places 12 to 14 feet  . wide,of milk-wlute quartz, spathic iron, fragments  of slate and granite, and some zinc blende and  galena. In an old shaft, at a depth of .50 feet, a  short cross-cut entered the vein at 12 ieet, and  there a drift was run 60 feet-' east and 70 feet west,  exposing a large body of concentrating ore for  a'l this distance, and along the smooth, hanging  , wall a good body of solid high grade galena. In  the west drift, 35 feet front the cross-cut a winze  was being started, since sunk 45 feet, in four feet  of solid galena along a smooth foot wall with' considerable concentrating material.  Since the time of visit a .-compartment working  s'taft. now-dowri 65 feet, has been sunk west of  tae old shaft and a 140 feet north of the outcrop,  with the expectation of striking the lead at 130  fyet. but at 41 feet what is believed'to-be a, cross-  ledger u tin ing north and south was entered, dip  (if west, and down to 51 feet the shaft was in  concentrating ore, that l>3r tcst-j made by Mr.  Callahan, concentrating 5 to l, yielded 123 ounces  of silver-per ton and 62% lead. "This cross-lead is  now thought to be traceable for 800 feet. The  shaft,equipped with requisite-steam, hoisting plant  and pumps, Avill be now sunk 500 feet, with crosscuts to the vein at every 100-foot station, and  when sufficient development justifies it. a 15 Mon  .concentrating plant-will be built, for which the  water from Eight Mile and Jold creeks is expected  to supply 600 inches under a 5)0-foot head. The  ore te essentially a milling ore, but a test shipment  of assorted assayed 98 ounces of silver per ton and  '.57��/ lead, A good wagon road, 1$ miles long, has  b.'en constructed from the mine to Silverton,  whence the concentrated ore will be shipped-tonic smelter, and suitable bunk-houses, etc., have  been erected. D J McDonald, a Californian, a  milling man of long experience, is in charge of  tlie work a* superintendent, ami was employing  2.) men in the proper exploitation of this valuable  property.  Other Claim?.���Many claims have since been  located s\b nit tiie Carrie group and many are be  ing prospected.     To  the east tlie Noonday is  thought to have the extension oi* the Currie vein,  but here the formation is the small area of highly  .altered  slates.     The   Baby   Ruth.   Los  Vegas,  Mountain View, Granite Mountain and Daisy, on  Eight Mile creek, occurring according to Mr Me  Council, in an inlier of hard, rusty slate several  miles in extent and enclosed, the granite, reached  bv trail from Silverton via the Galena Farm,were  not visited, but assessment work was being done.  The L II.also one one of this group,  is situated  'high up on a verv steep ridge, and Mr McConnell  yutnniarv report". 1895, p 26) says: " The slates are  iismivd along an  east   and   west   line, and   the  The success attending the development of this  vein has to a great degree demonstrated the pb si-  bilitics and the value of this granite area. Tho  Enterprise and Slocan Queen, situated oh the  slope south of the creek we��-e located in 1804 by R  Kirk wood and Jno McKinnon, then bonded to J  J A Finch, who recently sold these.to David M  Hyinan, et al, Colorado, for ��300,000, on the advice  of D W Brunton of Aspen, Colo, one of the most  eminent Mining Engineers of the West.-  This vein on the surface, while small, can be  easily traced for two claims, and runs N 55�� E and  S 55�� W, and'dips S E'70'80. The gangue is  quartz, the enclosing walls are a dark colored  micaeous granite, that shades into the typical  syenitic granite of this area, and the ore is fine  and coarse grained galena, with a large amount  ���oi ziricblende, which, it was slated by the management, carried the best and very high silver  values, and is found generally along the foot-wall,  with bands of galena and quartz, In J uly last, a  shipment to the smelter of 40 tons of ore yieldeed  172.7 ounces of sdverper ton, and 18 /������ lead, and  during December,in three shipments, or 120. tons,  the silver, values run from 153.7 to 179.5 ounces per  ton. and now 2 or 3 carloads of ore -are being  shipped every week. ;  Three tunnels were beings driven in on the  vein, with"-the fourth just being started, and m  the lowest or No. 1,120 feet long, the vein of solid  biende and galena varied from 2 and 3-inches, to  8 and 10 inches in "width,and as in the other-work  ings, the tunnel was being driven along the ore,  leaving it standing to be broken down clean.  Tunnel No. 2.170 feet vertically above No. 1, was  in 400 feet, with continuous ore for 300 feet, where  an upraise 100 feet to surface, followed ore over 8  incites thick for 80 feet, but at 330 feet a fault had  been encountered, beyond which the vein had not  been picked up, but cross-cuts were being driven  with the probability of finding it in the southwest. In this tunnel the,ore was 8 to .18 Inches  wide, with very little gaugue matter, and overhand stopes were being started. .In.tunnel No. 3,  25 feet above No. 2 and 310 long, for 260 feet the  vein carriee continuously 6 to 12 inches of ore,  with more or less quartz, with one small fault to  the S E, but-for .the last 20 feet the vein was pinched. In the opening cut for tunnel No. 4, 90; -feet-  above No. 3, w'er_ 6 to 14 inches of solid ore, and  thus',-by these workings, for about 1,000 feet along  the strike, had been exposed an almost continuous  chute of ore for this distance. Bunk-houses,  cabins and ore sheds had been bulit. and the ore  will be shipped by the road to the lake, and thence  by steamer to the C.P.R. Number of men em  ployed, 20. ;'  Other Claims���The Iron Horse and United Empire are located on tho N E extension of the vein,  and still further N E, but on the north slope of  tiie creek, this vein is said to have been found on  the Alexandria. On another claim on the north  slope, the Oregon City, owned by Jno Thompson,  L Parkinson et ial, is a 50-foot tunnel, it .was  reported that 9 to 8 inches of galena ore had been  struck, and that ore was found on the Westmotmt,,  owned by F Griffiths G West, et al, who were  ruuiung'a cross-cut tunnel.  steep bluff., tunnel No 2 was in just 12. feet and  showinir mixed ore in the lace. Excellent facilities are here for tlie extensive .development.,oi  this vein,'and when the extraction of Ore;begins'a:  trail for rawiiidmg will have been built down to  the road along Ten Mile Creek, 2,6.0 ieet below  the mine and a wagon road may be built;-. This  property can aiso be reaehedby"trail fromJ31oc.au  City, via-Springer Creek,  shaw was in charge of 15  KALISPELL  Foreman  men  BC Brad-  The Kalispell, Crown-granted, 37.1 acres, is  located on Ten Mile Creek one mile from the lake*  in a small area of stratified rocks, 1. e.,: altered  slate, quartzites & c and is owned by Wm. Lad-  ner,. Deadwood. South Dakota. In a 75-foot tuu-  hel on the south bank of the creek is seen evidence  ���ti a sheer zone and later faulting, and along this  1.3 quartz, crushed country rocks, galena and silver  minerals, such as ruby silver. Some scoping ha3;  been done along this lead that has a. strike of N &  S (mag.) and a*dip easterly 7u0/ , and several tons  of high grade silver Ore have been shipped, 01  which 8 t ns assayed 289 ounces of silver per ton  and 3 tons 212 ounces. There is ample water in  the creek, and,a large amount of line timber on  'the'properly, and a'short trail connects with the  wagon road No work was being done at time of  visit iu September. <;  Springer  and Lemon Creeks.  From the rival towns of Slocan City and Bran-  dori at the foot of the lake, trails'lead off to the  country drained by Twelve Mile, Springer and  Lemon Creeks, and in this part of. the district  many locations have been made, some on galena  veins, but many others on the "dry ore" veins and  t ie gold-bearing quartz leads, all in the granite.  Mitch prospecting was being done and considerable development work; but as many investors  have been securing bonds arid options On muriy  locations, the coming season promises -much  greater activity,, and certainly the careful attention of mining men is., warranted-by-,'the--very'  s .tis.'f ctor')���'���: es'ults ahea ly attained by? the as yet  very smail' anbunt of work. The Howard Fraction,  Two Friends Group aud the Arlington were  visited, besides these properties on Ten Mile  Creek already describetf. and the writer is much  indebted to Messrs. Gwillim and Johnson, for information concerning other claims it was impossible to v��sit this season.  to the smelters, which returned high,values in silver and good gold values,as7 tons shipped to Pilot  Bay in I8y5gave 163 ounces silver and .-.16 per ton  ���in'..gold{ and 12 tons more recently, _o6 ounces of  silver and $26.in gold per ton. This winter work  is being carried on, but little has been done to develop the veins found on the other claims.  OTHER- CLAIMS.  The Meteor, \ mile north-eas, of the Howard  Fraction, and bonded to Jno A. Finch and Sheran  has also a vein of dry ore, which was being  opened up and prospected during the last fall.  The Silver King,1 mile south-east of the How  ard Fraction, owned by C Faas and M Heekman,  has a 120 loot crosscut tunnel heading for a vein.  The Crusader Group, owned by C Fass, R N  Clay, et al, Slocan City,comprises the Crusader,  Boulder and Hidden Treasure, up the first north  fork of Lemon Creak. Float having, been, found,  trenching was resorted to, resulting in the discovery, within the walls of decomposed granite,  of a vein 2�� feet wide, of collular, coarsely grained crystalline quartz, with coarse particles of  silver glance and iron pyrites, some native silver  and gold. A shaft has beon sunk 33 feet along  Lhis vein, and this autumn one-half interest was  sold to W H Hellyarand W-H Smith "for ��12,500,  and supplies were to be packed up tj keep 4 or 5  men at work all winter.  The Alpine -Grou^ embracing the Swiss, Highland Chief, Burn and Kontena Pass, is located  high up on the mountain Hide above Summit  Creek, the south fork or Lemon creek, and has a  strong gold-bearing quariz vein 2 to 3 feet wide,  THE TWO FKIENDS...  This claim, 1,500 by 1,503 feet, is  miles east of Slocan Gity,'and  between  Springer  and  Lemon   Creeks,  and is  seven or eight  on  the  divide  Pres.  Capi-  ceiits  ?ehi*t'oso r-K-k ;idj >i 111j 1 _; tlie line  fl";  <-;ure on  the  NEEVEWA.-  About one-half mile west of the Enterprise and  on the same slope, lie the Neepewa, Argenta,  ���Ii03sivaiii and' Baker Fraction, OAvned by E  Shannon and A McGillvray, and since bonded to  D Bell-Irving, of Vancouver,of the Alliance Prospecting Synclicate for .;3o(o6o. The vein running  N 20�� E by S 20 W, and dipping easterly 60 , had  been prospected by open cuts and a tunnel, and  in one cut there Avere 10-16 inches of solid finegrained galena and zinc blende, A\ith 3 to 4 feet  of concentrating ore. and since then ore has been  found ina loAver tuririel, and a trial shipmeut has  been made to Tacoma. . ^  A cabin was being built, and only a hundred  yards of road wall be necessary to connect with  the Enterprise wagon road.  DALHOUSIE GKOUl'. '  These claims, still further west, were not seen>  but SuVer-Joe, -Dalluusie, Glad Tidi igs, Sayger  and Whycocomagh are owned by J Angrighon,  Jos Pilon, M McLean, et al, Avho had.driven' a  tunnel 110 feet on the vein, Avith 21 feet of concentrating galena ore reported, and with 4 men driving a cross-cut tunnel to the ledge, which runs N  E by S W and stands almost vertical.  THE BONDHOLDER   G1?0_T.  The Bondholder, Pine Log, Lone Star and  Rose Bud are located on a. vein supposed to be the  'same as the Enterprise, high up in the basin near  the ridge south of Ten Miie creek and are bonded  to the Bondholder Mining Co, of Vancouver.  Oauital stock >1,000,000: Gen Manager, RC Campbell-Johnson, ME.  This vein, running N E by S W (mag) and with  a dip of 50�� to 60c S E in the granite, had been  traced by cuts and out-croppmgs for 4000 feet  through nearly the entire length of the claims,  and at the time of visit in September, commodious  cabins for the men. stables, ete,, were being  erected, and deArelopment Avork had just begun, but little could be then seen oftheArein,  as the work had hardly prog.ie.ssed far enough to  expose, other than the surface influenced, part,  wh.:re it was in places 12 to 10 inches wide of  blended quartz, iron oxides and galena, and in  others more solid galena Avith sonie blende. On  the Pine Log a short crosscut tunnel, then in 25  feet, Avas Hearing the.vein, cIoavh-which an incline  was to be sunk, and to the S W OArer a thousand  feet distant, and near the ridge, an open cut-  showed an 8-inch vein, while to the N E on the  Bondholder, where the Areiu can be easily seen for  several hundred feet cutting across the face of the  bonded to the Two Friends Mine Co., Ltd.,  F C limes, Sec. C C Beiuiett, Vancouver,  tal .stock $240,000 in 8���0,0dO shares   at 30  each, ' ";';- /,y -,;���',.'-, ���:  By the discovery near a small spring of a  little honey-combed quartz sprinkled with zinc  blend, another vein in the granite of very high  grade galena had been located, and. Avas being  opened up in an excellent manner by Capt J A  Wood-when visited in Sept. With a good supply  of timber close at hand, .good mine buildings  were being completed and aU underground Avork-  ings caremlly timbered Avhore necessary- This  vein strikes N E by S W: (ma^) and dips S E 80��,  and tunnel No 1; after crosscuttiug 25 feet, ra.ri.5p  feet along the vein which wasstoped up 10 or 12  feet to the surface arid about 100 feet below. Tunnel No. 2;'..was driven ���:'.296 feet in 60 days to,the  ledge where the solid galeriajffi large .crystals lies  next the smooth well-defin'eqiioot Avail, or Avith a  narrow seam of iron oxides between, while next  to the hanging Avail of dark) liue-grained altered  granite was segregated more,' or less of zinc blende.  To the S  W a narrow dyke crosses the A'eih,  '���        ~ ' ���   the  om  a narroAV streak to 12 or 14 inches of solid blende  and galena ore which in'a raise up 2J feet and 8  feet Wide there were 12 to 16 inches of this solid,  clean, very rich ore. :  Ore avas then being shipped by pack-horses to  Slocan City, at a cost of -tl5 pet-' ton, which rate  will be made less Avheu the raAvhiding season has  begun after the fall of snow.. .-Up to the end of  l-O ine _   \v    a   naoow ��� uy^e   eioaeca   uiic   vc.  be^^ond which.no work had been done, and in t  .drift, then about 40 feet longv the vein varied ire  the year shipments  high grade ore had  of over 40 tons of .silicious  been made that yielded, as  pel*--'smelter-returns, from 250 to 380 ounces of  silver iier ton and 387 to 52 /clead, arid ore, after  deducting all charges, showed-net to the OAvners  the high value of ^150 to ��160 per ton. Number of.  ' men, 20. .    ;  THE    AKLOGTON. ::  The A'ein found on the Arlington arid Burlington, owned by R Cooper and C Fielding, of Sloean-City, and located 6 miles from that place, on  the north slope of Springer creek, "on the trail  leading over the divide to the Enterprise mine,  has attracted much-attention by reason of the rich  specimens of natiAre silver found along the cracks  and crevices in a zone of shattered granite, in  which also are small stringers of fine-grained galena and zinc blende, the native silver evidently  being deposited in this state within the region oi  surface influences. This zone of crushed and  more or less altered, mineralised granite, 4 to 6  feet Avide. has a strike N E by S W (mag) and dip  to- the N W 55��, and has been traced it is claimed, through several claims. About 39 feet of tunnelling had been made on either side of a shaft  down 55 feet on the Arein,with drifts at a depth of  35 feet, of 45 feet sliOAving this broken country rock  with stringers Of ore and quartz, and on the dump  Avere piled up 70 or 60 tons of ore, the value of  Avhich could not be learned as none had been shipped to the smelters. This Avinter the owners are  continuing the development Avork.  ��� "THE IIOWAKD FRACTION.-  This Avas'the only dry ore properly examined,  and on the south slope of the divide, or Gold Hill,  between Springer and creeks, 8 miles from Slocan  City, lie, besides many other claims, the HoAvard  fraction, Tiger Fraction, Altgeld, ��� DcadAVood,  Bland and Free gold, owned by A E Teeter, Wm  Price, V T RatclirTe, et al Slocan City.  The granite is travarsed by many porphyry  dykes, some of considerable AVidlh, and also by  quartz veins carrying argentite or silver sulphides  and varying values in gold.  .This vein,-running about east and A\'est, was  dinping northerly into the mountain at a very  low angle, or at a dip of 10�� to 15% and an incline  had been sunk about 115 feet, but not all along  the vein, as it was found to be faulted up 3 feet,  and 15 feet further aghin faulted 8 feet along the  same direction or throAv,Avhile a third fault had  been struck. The vein aa^is 12 to 20 inches Avide,  of honev-combed quartz, Avith argentite disseminated through, it In crystalline form, and considerable ore had been stoped, hand sorted and shipped  iying very fltr, and "traceable-.through three  basins. But little 'work-' other than assessment  has beendane, and the owners, C Faas, H Clever  et al, have lately bonded the^e properties to A B  McKenzie and; A Dick,of Rossland,  The Monument Group of claims is; located near  these properties.  The;Ocean Group is located 3J miles north-east  of the Crusader group, and west of the glaciers on  the summit from which floAvKokanee Creek,soutli  fork of Kaslo Creek, east fork"of Ten MileCreek,up  which runs the trail from the Enterprise mine road  and the main branch oi Lemon Creek. This group  of three claims lies at an altitude of 8,000 feet, and  of courie above timber line a d thelelge is said to  oe a dyke mineralized wmi siiver gianCe. and  galena. The owners', W R Young, W K Richmond, et al, NeAV Den ver.,-'.have bonded �� ol the  ��� claim.-to. Alex Dick, of Rossland. Many other  claims are located in this'��� .vicinity., such as the  Magnet, Big Four, Heather Bell, Three Guards-....  men, Clipper; Boomerang, arid U and I, upon  the latter of which is reported to be a vein 2 to 4  feet Wide of concentrating ore Carrying argentite,  grey copper and galena.  The Ottawa Greup. north of Springer creek, is  beirig developed by F C Reilly for a Winnipeg  company.  Evening Stiir;No. 8, OAvned hy Geo A Petty, of  the Monitor mine,..Three Forks, situated on Day-  .fori;creek, a south branch of Springer creek, sent  out'.five'..tori's.or ���;oi,e; this Autumn, and 2 or 3 men  areat'Avork. ' "'-:"7-.  The Victoria Group, also near Dayton creek,  arid 2h miles f.tom Slocan City, is .under bond to  D Brerriiier for.��26,000,andhas avoiri of >;dry ore."  Republ ic Group, embracing the Republic. Bell  No. 2, and Amencan Eagle,, located li miles N E '  of Slocan City, is under, bond to W "L Parrisli  and W J Lindsay for ��25,000, and a shaft is being  sunk on the vein; lj to 2^ fee4 wide, of quartz,  carrying sihrer. galena and,iron pyrites, and also  gold. ���"���'-.. "���" 7 ��� ������." ��� -.  Tlie Slocan Bob, i mile east of ihe Republic,  has sent but a ton of ore for trial test, and is being  'worked by.--the owners, Avho live in ��� Vanbouver.  The Char>leau, near Dayton creek, has slupped  Out 4 tons of sorted dry ore. to the smelter, that  returned 3.6 ozs. of gold, and 94.7 ozs. of silver  per ton. -  The Skylark and Ranger adjoining it, are  bonded for $40,000 to Alex Di.c'ket at, of Rossland.  Other claims are under bond, and considerable  work is being done this winter to prospect them.    :  On the Divide, at the head of Yuill creek.reached  by a trail 12�� miles long, up that creek from  Kootenay river, betAveen Nelson,and Balfour, a  large number of claims Avere located during the  past, season, and prospectors are awaiting the  coming summer to resume the search for Arei>is of  both galena and "dry ore, "how being found triere  iri the granite.      ;"���"���"  " The Florence.Molly Gibson,Aspen and Achilles  2oo, have been bonded to jthe Hon Rui us H Pope,  Cookshire, Que,, arid'.this, winter 12 riieri are engaged prospecting these wcav finds. ,  ���''.',   MAI:S.  An excellent sketch map of thh part of the  Slocan District has been prepared-by "Mr. Wm.  Thomlinson, of New Denver.  Cariboo  Creek.  TAventy miles south of Nakusp, Cariboo creek,  011 the east side of the river, tIoavs into the Columbia at a small settlement, Burton City. A trail  leads thence through an area oi granite 6 miles to  junction of Mineral creek, at a point known as  Mineral City, and also up both sides of Mineral  creek, one crossing over cue diAdde to Blue Grouse  creek. Most of the area is the regular Slocan  granite, but isolated aroas of stratiited rocks as  slates, etc, can be seen especially up Mineral  creek. A number of properties are reported to  have been sold during the past season, and much  Yvork Avill be done this year to prospect many of  the claims noYV located.  The PromOstora, OAvnedby B C Rodd et al, Nakusp, is located high up on, the west bank of -Mineral creek, 2h miles from Madden's hotel at the  junction, and it is in slates, silicious limestones,  etc, in a quartz A'ein, strike east and west, dip so"  S, carrying pyrrhotite, iron and copper pyrites and  gold, of which high assays have been obtained*  the returns from a nine-ton lot sent to the Trail  smelter, being authoratively stated to lm^e yielded |60 per ton in gold. This vein can be traced for  between 1000 and 2000 feet, and in a 75-foot tunnel  it occurs in a small Arein Avith stringers running  into the country rock, but in an open' cut a short  distance above, appear to be two quartz Areins one  4�� feet, the other.3 feet AAide, coming together just  at the surface, or else to be a horse of the country  rock Avith,this amount of mineralised quartz on  either side." Considerable of the ore Aras piled uo  some sacked for shipment, and near by -these  workings was a cabin.  The Gopher is the Avestern extension ofthe A'ein  and the.Orb Grande the eastern, but little Avork  had been done on either claim. w  Fourth Year.  THE   LEDGE.  Located along the trail on the east Of Mineral  ��� creek, are:���-'  The B C, OAvned by Louis Sherran, Hugh Madden et.--.isl. on Avhich a narroAv quartz vein  is found iu aline 61 break iu the slates, alon��  Avhich break the country rock has been grounc  and crushed into a black mass, in which are smali  stringers of quartz. A shaft had been sunk 2;  feet; in this material, and then drifted in for '_  feet, showing some sulphide-bearing quartz, the  value of which was not learned.--/  Several claims along this ridge were being prospected, and on the top of the ridge, 6,500 6,800-feet  altitude, in the grauite Avere several quartz, veins  carrying but a small amount of sulphides, and  Avhose value had never really been determined.  \ The Heather Bell, OAY-ned by H McLennan, et  al, had aiSmall vein of white quartz, 3 to 12 inches  wide, and on the���  \ Bona nza, OAvned by A M cPherson ,F G Fauquier  e\ ^al, iin an 8 foot hole, were tAvo- small quartz  veins, carrying coarse crystalline pyrrhotite, but  ito valt.es wereascertained.  "The Flora Mac has two parallel quartz veins  cariying very little mineral, Avith a strike north  andtouth, and on the���  NoUe Four a little Avork had bce.i d meina mass  of decomposed material, in the granite, but little  idea eW'ci be formed as to Avhat this indicated.  Both of these claims he on the slope above Blue  Grouse \creek, and are owned by H McLennan  and Alex. McDonald.  The Hardy, alias Golden Eagle, bne-haif mile  east Of Mineral City, has a quartz vein 8 to 10 ieet  Avide. strike N W arid S E, Avith a mineralized  streak.,10l)v 18,inches Avide, along the hanging  Avail. An opening, about 20 feet deep, had been  made, but the material extracted was said to assay  very low in gold.  ;-vTlie country further east was not seen j but a  large" number of claims have beeri staked, on  some of Avhich the discovery of galena was reported,such as:���  ; ;.;'���'; ;:.;'-;-   /rX'\'".:\.  The Independence, four miles up Cariboo Creek  bcA-ond Mineral City, OAvned by A Moore, Burton  City, on which'-js, said to  be  a large  body ol  '''quartz, interspersed with pyiThotlte; iron pyrites  and galena.   No work is being clone.  The Eureka, 2\ miles, farther up   the creek,  owned by James Burliam and Wm- SAvan,'.who  were preparing to run a 110-foot tunnel on a ledge.;  : shoAving 6 feet of'quartz--and-sulphides, on the  ���northern extension of 'which, are the Sham.iock  and Black Dwarf. f  Many locations hava been made on SnoAv Creek  but all af this partof the district is aAvaiting the  results offurtherAvork and prospecting, and at  present not much more can be reported.  xVEW..'COM PANTES.  German Mining and ''Mill-ing Co.,  Tacoma; capital; 150,000 in 50,000  shares, of $1 each, To carry on the  business of miners.  Aolden Bell Mining Go, Rossland ;  capital, $1,000,000 in 1,000,000 shares  of $1 each. Trustees, 'Perry Smith,  George M Noxon, Harold Harold,  W D McFadden and Charles S Carpenter. To carry on the business of  miners.'  Golden Eagle Mountain Gold Mining-  Co., Vancouver ;'..-capital, $600,000 in  600,000 shares of $1 each. Trustees,  Griffith Griffith, J Duff Stuart, Geo L  Allen, Eoss JRalph and A AHayne  Jones. To purchase the Blue Pete  and Eagle's Nest claims lying contiguous to the Golden Cache mines and  carry on the business of miners, 's  Imperial Mining and Investment  Co /Vancouver; capital, $3,000,000  in 3,000,000 shares of SI each. Trust  ees. MNeelin Garland, W J Kidd,  N S Garland; D Gppenheimer and  Thos H Tracy. To carry on the  business of miners.  Ramsdell Mining and Milling Co.,  Tacoma, capital, $1,000,000 in 1,-  000,000 shares of Sl^each. To carry  on the business of miners.  Royal Victoria Gold Mining Co y  Rossland; capital, $1,000,000 in 1,-  000,000 shares of $1 each. Trustees,  J.F McCrae, John Gloyn and W A  Campbell. To purchase the Violet  and Maggie claims, Trail mining  division, and carry on the business of  miners.  Victoria and Kootenay Mining and  Development Co., Victoria;-capital,'  1100,000 in 100,000 shares of SI each.  Trustees, Ceorge Riley, Stephen  Jores and Richard Hall. To carry  on the business of miners.  Wellington Square Gold Mining  and Smelting Co., Grand Forks;  capital, 12,000,000 in 2,000,000  shares of SI each. Trustees, Robert  Clark, Ella Clark, I A Dinsmore and  Arthur C Sutton. To purchase the  Snowbird, Wellington Square, Silver  Knot and Mayflower claims, Kettle  River Mining division and carry on  the business of miners.  Ashcroft and Kootenay Mining Co.,  Vancouver; capital $500,000 iu 500,-  J00 shares of |1 each ; trustees, C  McLach, James Z Hall and G Martin.  To purchase the Fish Lake, Chris  tiana, Shamrock, Mayflower, John  son and Vancouver claims in Yale  district and the American Eagle  claim in Lillooet district and to carry  on tho business of miners:  Christina Mining and Milling Co ,  Tacoma ; capital SI, 000,000 in 1,000,-  000 shares of |l each. To carry on  the business of brokers and miners.  The Campbell McCrae Co., Rossland ; capital $150,000. in 30.000  shares of $5 each; trustees, W A  Campbell, J F McCrae and T Anderson. To carry on the business of  brokers and miners.  Carbonate Silver Mining Co , Rossland ; capital SI, 000,000 in 1,030,000  shares of SI each. Trustees, A H  McNeil, A F Corbin and WG Johnson. To purchase the Carbonate  mineral claim on Spring creek, Ainsworth mining division, and carry on  the business of miners.  Dollarocracy Mining and Smelting  Co.r Trail Lanbing; capital $1,000,  000 in 1,000,000 shares of $1 each.  Trustees, F F Gutelius, J W Kimball  and Lee Davenport. To purchase  the Pete and Lulu claims. Pend  D'Oreille River, Trail mining division, and carry on the. business of  miners,  Erie Mining and Milling Co, ^Sandon ; capital, $200,000 in 1,000,000  shares of 30 cent, each. Trustees,  Henry P Jackson, Marshall Jackson,  Col in"McArthur and John McNiveh;  To purchase the Erie and Minneapolis  claims, Slocan mining division, and  carry on the business of miners,  May nahan & Campbell, ��f Rossland,  will Save 100 men at wori in the  Sloc-iri;:this season. Mr. Campbell,  who is'already a director in 60 mining companies, will make his head  quarters in New Denver.  Don't overlook Wilson's Hotel when  vou are in Slocan City. "   f  MINING STOCKS and REAL ESTATE  A^to, j,,e. mils,  '���:    Real Esrate and Mining Broker  RojSsJatid. B C  Agent for the Montreal syndicate lots, of the  original townsite of Rossland.   Perfect titles.  Subscribers  to   this   paper can.  obtain    THOMLINSON'S    eel  ebratedmap of the Slocan Lake  district for  STOCK QUOTATIONS OF THE KOOTK-  .:.���   NAY-MINES.  Companies.  SLOGAN.  Alamo���............  .Cumberland -   Dardanelles.   Grey Eagle.   Idler ���   Kootenay-Cclumbia ..  M nhesota   Nobie FiAre Con.......  Ranibler Con.........  Reco...'-.   Slocan Star...........  Sunshine .............  Washington .. ��� ....  Wondenul   AlNSWOliTH.  Dellie   HOUfcDAHY.  Old Ironsides.. ...  CAM!'   M'KINXKY.  Cariboo   NKLSON.  Exehecpier ���.......  Hall Mines.. ���  KEVEI.STOKK.  Orphan Boy '......  THAI I. CREKK.  Alberta  ������....,.  BeaArer ....'���  Big Chief...   Big Three   Butte.... .............  Brit. Can. Goldhelds:.  B.C. Gold King......  Bluebird..............  Bruce :............  Caledonia Con........  California''............  C.&oG...............  Celtic Queen.   Centre Star...........  Colonna   Commander   Crown Point.........  Deer Park............  Delacola ���..........  Eastern Star .........  Enterprise .... .......  Eric ..................  EA'ening Star....'.;....  Georgia.......... ......  Gertrude..   Golden Drip ..........  Golden Queen ......  Great -Yvestern..'.'....  ; Hattie BroAvn.........  Helen.... .........  High Ore.......  .....  Homestake .......  Idaho............   Imperial... ���';.":'...'....  Iron Horse .....,,. ...  Iron Mask............  IX L.... v..........  'Josie.'...".............  Jumbo................  Knight Templar.......  Kootenay London....  LeRoi... ......,..>...  Lily May.............  MayfioAver ...   Monarch..............  Monita ...............  Monte Cristo.....'.....  Morning Star...   Nest Egg.. ...   Northern Belle   Novelty   O.K....   Palo Alto......   Phoenix .:..���...  Poorman . ........   Red Mountain VieAv...  R. E. Lee..............  Rochester   Rossland, Red Mt .....  Rossland Star....;.   St. Elmo.   St. Paul   ShVerine   ,  Sou'if Cross & XV.- Con.  Trail Mining Co.   Union   Virginia   War Eagle......... .'.  West Le Roi...........  White Bea r.......   Brit. Amr.....  No.of  Shares:  Young  G. D. Eand.  Pa  Value  ��   1  10  1  1  1  1(X)  1  1  ,1  1  50  10 ..  i ..  1 ..  1  1  1  ��1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  ~ 1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1'  1  ,; i  1  1  1  '���' 1  1  1  1  5  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  ��� 1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  loo  1  1  1  1  1  1  Price  '. 10  .'���' 6i  .11  ��� i��.'"  . .15  . is  . 10  .    8}  .15  . 10  . m  7 m  .40  . 10  .10  10  . " 9 '���  15  ��� OH  . 26h  ��� 19|  .' 27*  .    4i  . 20"  .20  .    7  .11  .18-  . 15  '��������� 15  .13*  .������07X-  .  07  .-' 06*  . 17|  . 05*  . 20"  . 52*  . 51*  .62'  ���'.' 04  .10  7 50  .20  . I3i  .m  . 15  . 07*  . 10"  " . 15  .    8*  . 2Qh  .8  . 13  .08  . 12  . 15  . 25  15  . 10*  ��� 12*  . 8*  . 20"  .17  . 14  10  . 06  We are showing the finest line of sauv-  iiles yet ofl'ered for tbe trade in Tweeds,  Twills, Venetians, ClieA'iots, Serges, etc  I he Host  Elegant Patterns  In Trouserings yet exhibited in the  country.   Overcoatings, correct .-tyles,  ^t.fl.iirl^ihissli--^^.--.....:  Prices  Right.  R. S. AVILSON, ��  MerchantTailor  g  Revelstoke, New DeuA^er and Brandon. ��  '   9  Wt)rry Kills  And that COUGH worries,  Kill that cough  For a cough that tickles in your throat  and rasps the lining off the bronchial  tubes, to say nothing of keeping you  aAvake nights���  BOVELL'S  Syrup  You AAill get it at ���  Nelson's Drug Store  NeAv Denycr, B. C.  S  D> S. WALLBRrDGE.  Address all orders to  New Denver, B.C.  Mining' and Stock Brokers,  les Public and Conveyancers,  Mines bought and sold. Stocks for sale in all B. G. mines.  Official brokers for Wonderful Group 'Mining Co.  Kootenay agents for Bondholder Mining Co.,  St.   Keverne Mining Co  Phoenix Consolidated Mining Co. and Two Friends Mine Co. 's stocks.  Oom )anies  StooltedL and  Promoted.  nxr.  New  Denver  <&<*,<*, HAS THE  Best Furnished Booms  in the Slocan Capital. )\^     .%j^noom every  -^l^^^^ attention is paid to guests,      <inttfi^  and on the tables are placed the best viands obtainable.  MANAGER  JAS. DELANEY, 8  THE   LEDGE.  Fourth Yean  't  ''I  '��he-  ��ei!$e>  Published every Thurs day.  R.  T.LOWEBY,    EDITOR    AND  FINANCIER.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  ONE YEAR  .��2.00  Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line first in  sertibn, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS,  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay  District arid communications upon live topics  ahvays acceptable. Write on hoth sides of the  paper if you wish. Ahvays send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in Avhile it  is hot. and we will do the rest  look after the mining interests of  the district. There were present at  the meeting' representative ruining  men of the district and represented  many millions of capital, ^t was determined to adopt as its name the  Kootenay Mining Protective association. Permanent officers will be  chosen at the next meeting;  Extensive changes haye been made  in the time -tables of the steamers  operating on the I Kootenay lake. The  International now leaves Kaslo at  5:30 a. m. and returning leaves Nelson at 4:40 p. m. The Alberta ; is  used as a freight boat.  WINDSOR AND SILVER SMITH MINERAL  CLAIMS  NOTICE.  TEURSDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1897.  We produce this week Carlyle's  report on the Slocan as published? by  the Government. This is a feat no  other journal in the world ever performed, ^unless it was published iii a  camp much larger than New Denver.  It merely shows what editors will do  if the sheriff has no rope on them.  Extra copies, ten cents. Send your  money in before the edition is exhausted.  "VTOTICE is hereby given' that' application will  ���^    will be made to the Legislative Assembly' of  the Province of British Columbia, at its next  session, for an act incorporating a Company lor  the  purpose of establishing Avater works aind  supplying Avater for mining, domestic, manufacturing, fire, electric lighting, power and other  purposes to the inhabitants of the town of Brandon, and to the pre-emption of W. H. Brandon at  the foot of Slocan Lake, arid their vicinity, and  to lay pipes and erect flumes for the convey ail ce  and supply thereof; the water lobe obtained from  Springer and Climax Creeks, near the tOAyii; of  Brandon aforesaid; and for all the other necessary rights, powers and privileges which are incidental or conducive to the attainment ofthe  above objects. *  Dated at New Denver, B. G., this 12th daviof  January, A. D. 1897. R. B.KERR, j  jal4 Solicitor for the Applicants.  Situated in the Slocaii Mining Division of West  Kootenay, located ad joining Slocan Star.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg,agent  for Byi-on N. Wliite Co., Free Miner's Certificate No. "64921, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder, for  certificates of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a CroAvn grant of each of the above  claims. .  And further take notice that action under Section  37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificates of improvements.  Datadthis 81 day of Deeemher, 1&96. 12-81  HIGHLAND   MINERAL   CLAIM.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Located on the Galena  Farm, ad joining the Peerless (ReAdsed) Mineral  Claim on the North-west.  TIAKE NOTICE THAT I, FRANCIS J.  I O'Reilly, as agent for John McGlements No,  of Certificate 74459, Nellie Delaney No. of Certificate 74408, J. C. Bolander No. of Certificate 65906,  and D A. Van Dorn.No. of Certificate 66088,  intend, sixty days from date hereof, to. apply to  the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a CroAvn grant  of the above claim.  '. And further take notice that action, under sec-  j tion 37, must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improArements.  Dated this 19th day of December, 1896. 12-24  PINELOG MINERAL CLAIM.  "O   S. ANDREWS,  NOTARY PUBLIC,  CONVEYANCER,  ETC., ETC.  ':���'���   MINING & "77 ;.":������.  REAL ESTATE BROKER.  Slocan City, B O  Sole agent  Company  for the  Canadian   Fire Insurance''  TTOWARD WEST,  Assoc. RSM, London, Eng  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIS?,  v & ASSAYER. /  Properties   examined   and reported o;i   for m.  tending purchasers.        /  Assay office and Chemical  vueave, NeAV Denver, BC.  Laboratory, Belle-  in  an  In ordeivto be a good and successful liar it is necessary to have an excellent memory.   In order to be a  successful literary and news pirate  for a daily paper it is necessary to  have a knowledge of the locality  which the news originates.   As  example   we   might  say  that  the  Toronto  Telegram remarks that ja  deer walked down the streets of New  Denver the other day and jumped  into the river.    Now, an item about  a deer did appear, but not in the way  the Toronto paper puts it.    The deer  was caught swimming in the lake and |  promptly punished for bathing naked.  The editor ofthe Toronto journal is a  bright   and  breezy writer and we  admire his style, but, when it comes  down to hard   pan,  make   New  Denver  when all we can find is a muddy,  roaring   stream    called    Carpenter  creek.    In conclusion it is not n ecess-  ary to re-write' anything found in  this  old-time   Slocan  journal.    Its!  editor* like Uncle Sam's daddy, never  told a lie, except under extreme pro  vocation.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  TWO   FRIENDS    MINERAL   CLAIMS.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division" of West  ,  Kootenay District.    Located on the divide  between"Springer and Ten Mile creeks and  .8 miles from Slocan Lake.  .  rPAKE notice that I, Alfred - Driscoll, as agent  1 for the Bondholder Mining Co., limited liability , free miner's certificate No 67899, intend,  sixty days fromdate hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a CroAvn Grant of  the above claim.  And further, take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements..���"���';���  Dated this 14th day of January,. 1897.  MINNEAPOLIS MINERAL CLAIM.  ���|v/r w.bruner;m.D   ..',{'.'.  Physician & Surgeon.  Three Forks, B.C.  Slocan.Mining Division of West-Kootenay District.   Located East of Arlington Basin.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T.^ Twigg r s  agent for Richard Marp61e,'free miners certificate No. 63804, intend sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements to be" issued in his  nand the names of Peter M'. Schohberg, free'  miner's certificate No.61559, Andrew Provost, tree  miner's ^certificate No. 65824,' George T. Gormley,  free miners certificate No, 74530, and Cornelius  Murphyf free miner's certificate No 74220, for the"  pirpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above"  c'aim. ....;.���.;-.      ���'_������.     -    -'-������-."  And further take notice that actionfunder section  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificates of improvements. :  Dated this 4th day of February, 1897. fb4-ap;  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of the  District of West Kootenav. Located on  Payne Mountain adjoining the R. E. Lee and  Wanaeott.  TAKE NOTICE that I, John Carne Blandv, of  Kaslo, B.C., acting as agent for P.:M. Hayes  and S. Weese, Free Miner's certificates. Nos.  65801 and 66297, Intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a CroAvn Grant of the above claim.  And further, take notice that action under section 37 must be Commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements; -^  A full line of Drugs and Perseription Remedies  kept on hand.  D  R. A. S. MARSHALL.  Dentist.  Kaslo, BC  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago '':'���  J.  L. PARKER,  Dated this 14fh davof Januatryi'1897.f  JOHN CARNE BLANDYV  Agent.  BONDHOLDER MINERAL CLAIM  he should not  have   a river  VANCOUVER NO. 2 MINERAL CLAIM;  Slocan Mining Division of West Kootenay Distiiet.   Located 3; miles east of Silverton.  KASLO    KERNELS.  Charles Clancy and James Mc-  Naughton have bonded their mineral  claims, Scottish Chief and Echo, to  J. Fred Ritchie of Rossland, for 15000.  The Kootenay Ore Co.'s sampling  works are handling from five to seven  cars of ore per day. Mine owners  generally are realizing what a benefit the plant is to them.  G. O. Buchanan's saw mill is closed  down temporarily while additional  machinery is being put in place.  When completed the plant will have  a daily capacity of 50,000. Seventy  men will be employed the coming  season.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. TAvigg as  agent for Edward ������ Mahoii, free miner',"  certificate No. 54931, and Henry L.Mahon, free  miners certificate No. 54310, intend, sixty days  from the date: hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for certificates of improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the  above claims.  And further take notice thataction, under Section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificates of improvements..  Daiedthis 2lst day of January, 1897. ;   ja24-ma24  Situate in the Slocan Mining; Divisi��i of West  Kootenay District. Located oh tfhe divide  between Springer and Ten Mile (creeks, and  8 miles from Slocan Lake.        .    )  Take notice that I, Alfred' Drlscbli, as agent  for the Bondholder Mining Co., limited liability, free miner's certificate No 67899, intend.  sixty days from date hereof, to' apply'to the Mining "Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining 'a-Crown Grant oi  the above claim.  And further, take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 14th day of January, 1897. ���  RIENZI   MINERAL   CLAIM.  CONSULTING  ENGINEER,  Columbia Ave  Rossland, BC  f^ WILLIM & JOHNSON.  VX (MeGill)  : ' :;/  meers  & Ahaly^OiieMisvtSy  Slocan City, ���'���:* -      -;    -     ;-    "'-.     -  B   C  THE MOCKING BIRD  MINERAL CLATM.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division, of West  Kootenay District. Located betAveen Sunshine and Twin Lake Basins.  Take notice that 1/Robert E. Palmer, acting  as agent for E. W. Nettleton. free miners  certificate No 60344; Mel. Melver Campbell, free  miner's certificate No 73704; James Gillhooley,  free miner's certificate No 65858; A. J. Murphy,  free miner's certificate No 66035, and Albert  Behne, free-miner's certificate No. 68012, intend,  sixty days from date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant oi  the above claim.  And further, take notice that action under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 14th day of January, 1897.  R, E. PALMER.  THE DEFENDER, COMET AND DAYBREAK MINERAL  CLAIMS.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay Distiiet. Located in Reed and Ten^  derfoot Basin.  rfAKE NOTICE that I. C. W. Callahan, free  I miner's cei'tificate No. 65370. intend sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Re  corder for a certificate or improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining a croAvn grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action, .underaction  37T must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 21st day of January, 1897.       ja2i-ma21  ~~      PURCELL   MINERAL   CLAIM.  npRETHEVVEY  &  BUCKE,  W. T.  M. A.  Trethewey.E.  Bucke, M.E  M  Mining Engineer^  Kaslo, BC  An important gathering of mining  men of West Kootenay district was  called together at Kaslo last week for  the purpose of effecting the organ-  izntion of a protective association to  TA  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Located between Sun-  ' shine and Twin Lake Basins.  a.ke notice that I, Robert E. Palmer, P.L.S.,  acting as agent for James Gillhooly, free  miner's certificate No 65858; A. J. Murphy, free  miner's certificate No 66035, and Albert Behne,  free miner's certificate No 68012, intend to apply,  sixty days from date hereof, to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improArements for the  purpose of obtaining a CroAvn Grant of the above  claims.  And further, take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improA'ements.  Dated this 14th dav of Januarv, 1897.  R..E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Situate in the 'Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Located on the north slope  of the south fork of Carpenter creek:  TAKE NOTICE that I, J, Hi Gray, acting as  agent for the "Purcell" Mining Corporation,  Limited,(Foreign),free miner'scertificate No.8S993,  intend sixty days from the date hereof, to apply to  the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claim. *  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance oi  such certificate of improvements,  Dated this 28th day of December, 1896.  ____ 12-28  caaa������_���__��� ���iiiiiMiMiiiiiMWiMawM����������!_���������mamb���m���bmm���  NOTICE-  VTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT 60  Li days from date I, William H. Wall,,intend  to make application to the Chief Commissioner oi  Lands and Works for permission to purchase  three hundred and twenty acres of unreserved  CroAvn lland, situated on Lemon Creek, at or  near the point where it is joined by its second  North Fork, in the Slocan Mining Divison, in  the county of Kootenay, and described as fol-  Ioavs :���Commencing at a south-west corner post  No. 1, thence running north 5280 feet to post No.  2, thence east 2640 feet to post No. 3, thence south  5280.feet to post No. 4, thence Avest 2640 feet to  place of commencement.  Dated at New Denver, B.C., Jan. 14th, 1897.  ja24-ma24 W.  H.   WALL.  Examinations, reports, assays, analysis, underground plans. ;    Fifteen years experience  ��t hRISeOLL, C.E.,  Dominion and Provincial  Land Purveyor.  Correspondence Solicited.  IT   T. TWIGG,  Provincial Land Surveyor.  NeAV Denver, B C  Mineral claims, mines, timber limits, etc, surveyed  A.  DRISCOLL, C. E.  Dominion & Provincial  Land Surveyor.  Correspondence solicited.  Angrignon  El Donado AAre.  NEW DENVER.  next Bourne Bros Fourth Year.  THE   LEDGE.  !i  NEW COMPANIES.  British North American Gold Mining and Milling Co., Rossland, capital  $1,000,000 in 1,000,000 shares of fl  each. Trustees, G A Fraser, Hector  McPherson, John Box, J Lorinff, J H  Inkster, W R Ross. To purchase the  Fraser and Loring claims in Trail  raining division and to carry on the  business of miners.  Canadian Gold Mining Co.,Spokane;  capital $1,300,000 in 1,300,000 shares  of $1 each. To carry on the business  of miners.  East St. Louis Gold Mining Co.;  Rossland; capital $1,000,000in 1,C00,-  000 shares of $1 each. Trustees, Alex.  Wilson, J J Henager, John Jackson,  jr., H Sullivan, B F O'Neal, M Sullivan. To carry on the business of  miners.  Galena Mines, London; capital  ��550,000 in 550,000 shares of ��1 each.  To caiTy on the business of miners.  *; Havre Gold Mining Co., Rossland ;  capital $700,000 in 700,000 shares of  $1 each. Trustees, Thos. Lapslie,  Philip White, AT Chadwick. To  purchase the Havre claim, Trail mining division and carry on the business of miners.  Hall Exploration Co., of British  Columbia, England ; capital ��150,000  in 150,000 shares of ��1 each. To  carry on the business of miners and  brokers.  Multum in Parvo Prospecting Syndicate; capital $20,000 in 200 shares of  $100 each. Trustees, Wm. Crick-  may, Hugh B Walkem, J E Miller,  J M Bowell. To carry on the business of miners.'  Alki Gold Mining Co, Tacoma;  capital, $750,000 in 750,000 shares of  $1 each. To carry on the business of  miners. Red Horse and Salmon River Mining Co., Vancouver ; capital.  $1^000,000 in 1,000,OOOyshares of 81  each;* Trustees, E S Topping, Ralph  White, J C McLagan, J M MacGregor,  J T Wilkinson. J S Clute. To purchase the Red Horse and Blue Grouse  claims. Nelson Mining division and  carry on the business of miners.  Rossland Development Co., Rossland; capital, $1,000,000 in 1,000,000  shares ot $1 each. Trustees, John L  Whitney, L H Northey, E L Clark,  Louis L DeVoin. To purchase the  Ivanhoe and Bell claims in Nelson  mining division and to carry on the  business of miners.  Rock Creek Gold Mines, Victoria;  capital, $500,000 in 2,000,000 shares  of 25 cents each. Trustees, Thomas  B Hall, Simon Leiser, T Lubbe,  B W Pearse, Thos W Patterson, R P  Rithet. To purchase the Victoria,  Queen and California claims, Osoyoos  division and carry on the business of  miners.  Rio Grande Gold and Silver Mining  Co., Rossland ; capital $1.000,000 in  1,000,0U0 shares of $1 each. Trustees,  FM Davis, John M Gibson* J W  O'Connell, AC Fry and Wm R  Spence. To purchase the Rio Grande,  feuauipane, ttcindaulphon and Floral  Flat claims, Nelson mining division,  and to purchase the business of miners.  Selkirk Mining and Milling Co.,  Sandon; capital. $250,000 in 1,000,-  000 shares of 25 cents each. Trustees,  J A Smith, Thos Brown, G A Love,  li H vV right, Jd. A Smith and M L  Grimmet. To purchase the Little  Estdle Fraction, Gracie, Minnie, Tornado, and Hope claims in Slocan  mining division and carry on the  business of miners.  Treasure Mountain Mines, Van-<  couver; capital, $1,0000,000 in 1,000,-  (XX) shares of $i each. Trustees, Ed  W McKim, James Fitzsimmons and  W H Armstrong. To carry on the  business of miners.  New York Tailor  Vancouver,  Largest tailoring establishment in, B. C., now open a  branch at    :       :       :       :  with a full line of     :       :  Cloths, Gent's  Furnishings,  Clothing, Etc__-_a__  Travelers will call frequently at  the various towns with samples:  ocan  Subscribers to this paper can  obtain THOMLINSON'S eel  cbrated* map of the Slocan Lake  district for  Address all orders to  ', -v.  ���'���'    ,- '        ������'���-���.,;���,:,".,'..'  R. T. Low^ry, :;:  New Denver, B.C.  tors' Assay Office  Biandon, B. C,  Assay Price List:  Gold, Silver, or Lead, each   Gold, Silver and Lead, combined......  Gold and Silver........    Silver and Lead.  Copper (by Electrolysis)... ���   Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead..........'.  Gold and Copper............ . .,..  Silver and Copper.   Gold, Stiver and Copper .. .........  XT IclXlllUl-1 '���*������������������*�����������������������������������������������     ��������,�����  lU.\3_ t'Ui J  m m ��� ��� �� ��� *��������������� * ���  ��� ��������������������������� �� * ,'. ������������������  Iron or Manganese...............;.......  Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sul-  phur,each���...    Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each    Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and percentage of Coke, if Coking  Coal)*:.........   '     Terms:  Cash Witli Sample.  June 20th, 1895.  $1.50  3 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  400  2 50  2 00  3 50  5 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  4 00  4 00  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Anniy  (iooci Silver=Lead  Properties** cash <* stocking  Cowgill & PugsJey,  Members Spokane Miirr <������ ^vchn.nge, Spokane,  Wash.  iiant nusic coTT^  Pianos, Organs, Sheet Music,  Musical Supplies, Sewing Machines  and Supplied  __TMail orders receive prompt attention.  Spokane. Wash.  Th�� Clifton House,  Sandon*  Has ample accommodations for a large number of people. The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything in the market.  Sample Booms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckley,  $  Hunter &  In each of iheir estabjishmeiitir  The wind  ..W     ���'���  llinon     never blows sand  Have stores at  ^flTlHoTl into the granulated saacharine, nor do the flies make  ��JnJ ~" cemeteries out of the butter-tubs..    Everything, except  SllVGrtOH the prices are high grade in thesejstores and the public,  and lPllT*<aPl Porlr^ especially new pilgrims,  should   not  overlook this  Turner, Beeton & Co.  Wholesale Merchants, Shippers and Importers.  VICTORIA^ B.C.  LONDON,  ENG.  Kootenay Branch���NELSON, B. C.  A large stock of all sized bags always on hand in Nelson  The new addition to the  LELAND  HOUSE  Makes it one of the Largest and most  Comfortable Hotels in Kootenay.  MRS. D. A. McDoug-ald.  NAKUSP,        -        -    ..'   B. O  Nakusp  awmill  The G^MD HOTEL  European and American Plan.  Headquarters for Mining Men  .���."'"��! " Free Bus.  Cafe and Elevator service all night..  FRANK WATSON. Proprietor.  SPOKANE, - - WASH.  AT HERN,  Having placed some new machinery  in oui^Mill. we are prepared to furnish all kinds of rough and drei?sed  Lumber  and Shingles  at Reduced Prices  KASLO CITY,  B.^  \j  The only Practical Watchmaker in the Kootenay District. Orders; by mail -eceive prompt  ���attention.  ALL WORK. GUARANTEED  F. LoCASTO,  Also dealer in Imported and Domestic  Cigars, Tobaccoes, Cigarettes, Confec  tionery. etc.  Newmarket Block, New Denver  PRICE LIST:  Rough Lumber, narrow,  wide.  Joist and Scantling sized up to  18 feet long,  8' to 24 '  24 'to 30 '  Flooring, T & G, 6 "  a u     4 "  V joint Ceiling, - '  "Rustic,  Shiplap,  Surfaced Dressed,  A liberal discount on large orders for Cash,  PETER GENEJLLE & Co  $10 oo  $11 00 to   12 .,  11 ..,  12 ..  '13...  20 ..  22 ...  22 ..  19 ..  14  . .  13 ..  T. D. WOODCOCK,  SLOGAN CITY.  Dealer in-  Hard ware, Tinware,  Building- Paper,  Stoves,   Dynamite,  Nails,   Glass,    Putty,    Wood   Fibre  Pails and Tubs.  -: THE :-  Nelson, B. C.  Full Line of Suitings and  Trouserings always on hand.  cGuigan House  McGUiGAN, B.C.  Best house in the City.  Good accomodation for the  oscillating' public.  BONGARD & PEICKART. 10  i rlJ__v.   LnDU  f~ t\ -jt?. $_;  Fourth Year.  BANK OF  Established in 1S3G.  Incorporated by Royal, Charter in 1840.  Paid-up Capital.  Reserve Fund....  ...��_,866,666  ..... 1,338,333  Its location in the centre of whatiLs admitted to be the  richest silver district on earth cannot help, with the unsurpassed scenery that surrounds it upon every side, but make  one of the most famous towns of modern times. If you  -desire a home in this beautiful spot buy a lot from  ANGUS M'GILLVRAY  London  Office���3 Clements Lane, Lombard  .   St., E. C.  COURT   OF   DIRECTORS.  J. H. Brodie .  John James Gofer  Gaspard Farrer  Henry R. Farrer  Richard H. Glyn  E/A. Hoare  H. J. B. Kendall  J. J. Kingsford  Frederic Lubbock  Geo. D. Whatman  S3__oo.A._sr _Hros_pii?_A.r  2>T_53"W-   IDEIST-VHIK,,   B. O.  This Hospital which ,was opened in August, 1895, for the benefit of the  Miners in the Slocan District under the medical superintendence of Dr. J. E.  Brouse with thoroughly competent professional attendants, is equipped with  all appliances and conveniences-necessary for thei treatment of Surgical and  Medical cases. Situated as it is on the shore of Slocan Lake, it affords every  advantage for the treatment of fever cases, the water supply and altitude  being more favorable than any other point in the district.  Annual tickets entitling the holderi in case; of sicknessor accident to  all the privileges of the Hospital, ihcludihg free Medical and 'Surgical  attendance, nursing and board, may besecured at TWELVE DOLLARS  each, Miners in'regular employ, subscribing through their pay roll at the  rate of ONE DOLLAR per month, can secure the privileges above mentioned.  Rates for non-subscribers may also be obtained on application to  A.   E.   FAUQUIER,   Secretary  Secretary���A. G. Wallis.  Head Office in Canada���St. James St.,  Montreal,    (     .,  H. Stikeman, - -        General Manager  J. Elmsley, Inspector.  BRANCHES   IN  CANADA,    n.'"'  London Kingston!'        Halifax N, S. '  Brantford Ottawa Rossland. B.C.,  Paris Montreal:        Sandon, B C.   ';  Hamilton Quebec     ���      Victoria, B.C.   '  Toronto St-John, N.B. Vancouver, B.C,  Fredericton, N.B. Wmnipeg.Man. Brandon, Man.  Kaslo, B C  AGENTS IN THE UNITED STATES. ETC.  New York���52 Wall Street���W. Lawson & J. C.  Welsh.  Sau Francisco--124 Sansom St.���H. M. I. Mc-  Michael and J. R. Ambrose. ���  ��� ���-  London Bankers���The Bank of Euglahl Messrs  Glyn & Co.  Foreign Agents���Liverpool���Bank of Liver  pool. "Scotland���National Bank of Scotland  Limited, and branches. Ireland���Provincial  Bank of Ireland, Ltd., and branches,. National  Bank, Ltd., and branches. Australia���Union  Bank of Australia, Ltd. New Zealand���Union  Bank of Australia, Ltd. India, China and Japan  ���Mercantile Bank of India, Ltd. Agra Bank,  Ltd. West Indies���Colonial Bank. Paris-  Messrs. Marcuard, Krauss et Cie.   Lyons���Credit  Lyonnais.  GEORGE KYDD, Managei  Sandon, BC  TIME CARD No. I.  IH EFFECT WE^0V;2&,! 895  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Leave'8 00 A.M.  " 8 86  "���  " 9"36'. ���*'���"���  " 9 51  "  .*��� 10 03  "  ,k 10 18  "10 80  " 10 38  Arr. 10 50  u  a  a  Kaslo  South Fork  Sproule's  Whitewater  Bear Lake  McGuigan  ;  Bailey's  Junction  Sandon  Arrive, 3 50 P.M.  "' 3 15  2 15  2 00  1 48  1 33  1 21  1 12  Leave 1,00 .���"  u  a  a :  '����  (t  i  a  u.  a  a  u  u  For rates and information apply at  Company's Offices. r    '  ROBT. IRVING,        R. W. BRYaN,  Traffic Mngr. Supt. and Ass't Trras  and  Western -R'y Co.  Schedule No. 3, Jan. 4, '9T  ^WESTBOUND-  No 1     ���   No. 2  Passenger,  First Bank Established in the Slocan  Bit of Bii Colli.  Incorporated by Royal Charter 1832.  Capital (with power to increase)  i;2,920,000  Reserve        480,668  MCMILLAN &  Agents for B.C. Sugar Refinery and  Royal City Planing Mills.  Head Office : 69 Lombard Street, London, Eng.  .BRANCHES!  In British Columbia :VVictoria, Vancouver, New  AVestminister,Nanaimo,Kamloops,NELSON,  KASLO and SANDON, (Slocan District).  In the United States:���San Francisco and Portland. ���       / ���  New Denver, B.C.  Is situated on the banks of the beautiful Slocan Lake, and guests can sit upon  the balcony and gazeupon the grandest scenery in America without extraeharge  The fire escape system is excellent. The rooms are airy and decorated with the  latest results of the wallpaper art. The exterior of the hotel is painted in colors  that harmonize with the idealistic scenery. The Dining Room is always provided with food that is tasty, digestible and satisfying to the inner economy of  man. The Bar is replete with the most modern, as well as ancient brands of  nerve producers. _ . ���  Goldbugs, Silver Democrats, Canadian Capitalists, Prospectors, Miners,  Tenderfeet, Teh Mile Millionaires and Pilgrims of every shade in politics, religion or wealth are welcome at this house.  Agents and. Correspondents:  CANADA :���C_nftdian Bank of Commerce,  Merchants' Bank of Canada, the Molsons Bank,  Imperial Bank of Canada and Bank of Nova  Scotia. UNITED STATES:���Canadian Bank  of Commerce (Agency), New York; Bank of  Nova Scotia, Chicago. The London and, Sail  NranCisco Bank, Ltd., Tacoiiia. The Puget  Sound'National Bank. Seattle.: The Exchange  National Bank, Spokane. AUSTRALIA AND  NEW ZEALAND :���Bank of Australasia.  HONOLULU:   Bishop & Co,  _SE]2Sr_?2,-_r,D3\ MYTTON,  Liooal Manager,  ��3a/ricla_l B_*a,__cl_.  Tues.,  Thurs.  & Sat.,  6:30 pm  6:40 pm  6:45 pm  7:00 pm  7:05 pm  7:10 pm  7:15 pm  7:25 pm  7:35 pm  7:40 Dm  8:00 pm  Daily  except  Sunday.  8:30 am  8:40 am  8:45 am  9:00 am  Stations  ^-EASTBOUND.-^  No. 2 No. 4  Passenger *  Ar  Tues.,  Thurs.  ,&Sat.,  8:00 am  7:47 am  7:42 am  7:31 am  Lv.  Trail  .  Smelter  McLeod's        ..Warfield  9:05 am Tiger Switch Bk 7:26 am  9:10 am   Crown Paint   7:21 am  9:15 am Lake Mountain  9;25 am      Carpenter  9:35 am    Union Ave  9:40. am      Ro?sland  9:50 am Rossland Wye  7:16 am  7:10 am  7:03 am  7:00 am  6:40 am  Daily  except  Sundav.  6:00 pim  5:47 pm  5:42 pm  5:31 pm  5:26 pm  5:21 pm  5:16 pm  5:10 pm  5:03 pm  5:00 pm  4:40 pm  t  J. A. JORDAN. C. D. & T. M.  THE   STEAMER  iil  Nelson & Ftw Sheppard  .    LEAVES NEW DENVER   '  every morning at 8 o'clock  (Sundays excepted]  FOR SILVERTON,  SLOCAN CITY and ALL  .       INTERMEDIATE POINTS.  Returning will,* if possible, make connections  vyith the west-bound train on the N. & S. Ry-.-.;.  Powder carried only on Fridays.  Time Table subject-.to change without notice.  G. L. ESTABROOK, Master.  make for the Newmarket when you reach the Slocan metropolis and do not forget the Landlord's name.;  it is  Henry Stege.  SMD0N  -T__is   NTe'w  _3onjLse,-  With the old name, is well equipped to accomodate a large number of Guests.   The building is  plastered and the rooms are unsurpased for comfort in the Slocan, while in the  Dining Room can be found the best food in the market.  K,0_3_SI^T   OXJJSTl>TI2STC3-  Proprietor  The only all rail route without change  f cars between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland,  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Colville Reservation, Nelson* Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday..  Leave;        ' " a'rrIve.  9:00 a.m.        NELSON        5:20 p.m.  10:30" ROSSLAND      3:25   "  7:00 a. ra.       SPOKANE      7:00 p.m.  Close connection with Steamers for Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  The Quickest  and ������: '.;  Cliea;pest Route  East:; ."':;���  or  Steamer leaves Nakusp every Sunday, Wednesday and Friday  morning", making close connection  at Revelstoke with trains for  all points East or West.  MRS. W, W. MERLLEY.  2STE3"W-   DENVER,  Has always on hand a large stock ofi  Dry and Fancy Goods,  Millinery and'"  Cents'Furnishing?.  Before you travel get information from  C.P.R.   Agents as to time and  rates.   It will save you money  Apply to nearest Railway Agent  or to  -IT  il  GJ30. McL. BROWN,  District Passenger Agent,  Vancouvei Fourth Year.  THE   LE  11  the r;.  indsor  Restaurant  IN NEW DENVER,  We are "still on the.old stand "sellini  Is one of the Best and Aged Cafes  Silvery Slocan.  Prospectors'&M  Groceries, MM^wBre, GMtliiiig-i  Boots & Shoes. Ofll! DU CD .DfH  New Denver, B C  &B.&ameron  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing*  ���: in the : ���  -   Latest Style  ���: of the :���  Tailor's J3.Pt.  It was in operation when  Was turned against the country, and, now that the  gloom of the Argonaut days has disappeared, it looms  up brighter than ever as  ���     ���     ���     o  ���     ���     ���     e  any  sat  COME EARLY AND AVOID THE RUSH.  5^E__��THHEE FORKS & SA  a  I  M��ij!Mr��iiminiillii   i    mini i���mm .i. ,v iM|T������,  C. S. RASHDALL.  Notary Public.  A'. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL 8c FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.{  NEW DENVER, B.C. .    ^  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,   SOLD  AND BONDED.       CORRESPONDENCE   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale/   Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.;'  MINING & REAL ESTATE BROKERS.  : v.r;/.-��'5i^V^.vr53'tViifc.',sii  111& HydraJMic Engineers, Provincial  ftf.Land  Agents for Railway Addition to Rossland  a_TA number of well located mineral claims for sale  To Eat  At the B.C. Restaurant  in Sandon  in the Slocan  Take a bond on one of the beefsteaks in that gastro riomical'  resort the next time you visit  that burg, and you Avill never  regret reading this ad.     .  22".  Tbe  �� O  Limited Liability.  itai $600,000.  In G00.000 shares ofthe par value of fl each, shares fully paid up and non-assessable.  C. E. Stauffer.  We 1c id'in First-Class work.  3 fine Bath Rooms in connection.  Sea Salt Baths without extra charge.  J. S, SEEDER, Prop.  D  R. A. MILLOY,  IDentist.  Office : Blacks Hotel,  SANDON  Directors���-Dr. L^uis Beaupre, Esp.; of Montreal, President; P. J: Shields, Esq., of Montana, Manager;  J. P. Martin, ;Esg., Merchant, Vice-President; J. K; Clark, Esq., President and Manager  Imperial Mining Company, Treasurer; W. II. Kerry, Nevv Westminster, Secretary.  Bankers���Bank of British North America: y  THE PROPERTY comprises the Louis B,  Copper King and United Verde mineral claims,  situated two miles north of Salmon Siding, less  than one mile from the Nelson & FortShepard  railway, 20 miles northeast of. Trail, in the  West Kootenay mining district, purchased  from original locators and fully paid for.  DEVELOPMENT. The surface of these  claims have been thoroughly prospected, and  the results have been highly'satisfactory to the  company. In each case the veins are shown  to be large, regular and .well defined, and  well mineralized throughout.  250,000 SHARES put in the treasury of  the.company for developnre.it purposes, and  now offered to the public at TEN CENTS per  share,  P O Box 523, Rossland, B C  Call on or addres  MR. SHIELDS, in his report, says: ,(I inspected the surface and surroundings of your  mineral property and found them of a most  satisfactory character, for the production of  gold and copper ores. I found a large, well  defined vein running through the Louis B and  United Verde claims; the out-crop showing  tbe vein to be from 8 to 20 feet wide, The  strike is north and south. This vein extends  south of the Louis B into the Portland company's property, where development work has  exposed high-grade ore at a depth of 15 feet.  The Copper King claim is en a parallel vein,  which shows equally as well as the Louis B  vein. The formation is a fac-simile of that in  which the great mines of Rossland occur.  Wood and water advantages are all that can  be desired for mining and other purposes. The  same may be said of transportation facilities."  J. K. CLARK, Acting* Secretary 12  THE ������'���':# EDGE  Fourth Year.  i  <:$��� -  f)  MINING RECORDS*  tbe   Assessments  Recorded at New Denver,  Transfers and Locations:  * ASSESSMENTS.       '  February 8  Silver Wave No 3���Sam Dischamps  LOCATIONS,  February 1  Sure Shot���Four Mile,  Jas A Mc-  Kinnon.  February2  Mascott���Slogan City, Fred Besford  February 3  Piedmont���Ten Mile, FD Phillips  Western���Same  February 4  Miller Fraction���Slocan City, Chas  T Miller  February 9  Hoods���Carpenter, C Chambers  Big Cedar���Carpenter, J S Parker.  TRANSFERS.  mm\      ||||||||!!!!!!l!![|[!f!!f!!n!!!!il!!!l!![!l!!HI![!f[niH[[|[[[l!!ffl!il!||lII^  rr  __ _     .The B. C.  Government says that  S  NEWS   IN  PLACE  85?ie Slocan Lake district's population  ptiS not large enough to warrant the  iii^iiiJii��iiiJiijjjjJiiiiiJiiiiiiiJiiiifiiiiJiiiiiJiiiiJiiJiiiiiiifiJJiiiiiiUiJiJJiti��iJiiiiiiiiM_-_^l^^i=r_tj_��lc>3?~-t^i_ii^lyfcit; of a provincial police-  New Denver is to have a sash an%Pan-   What a curse such a govern-  door factory. ?^ment is to a long suffering class of  '* people?    It is almost necessary to  in  in  January 30  Geo Blanc to J J Godfrey���-��  Smuggler, Jan I; $1  Jas A Baker .to. J J Godfrey���\  Smuggler, Dec 23; $1  February 1  G C Clarke to D McWiliiam  in Bonnie Boon, Jan 23; $1  J G Butler to J H Strickland����� in  Joint Hye and Summit, Feb 1  J C Butler to J M Lind���& in Joint  Hye and Summit, Feb 1; $1  February 2  G Long to B Anderson���The Robin,  Jan 30; $1200  G Long to MR WRathborne���| in  Telephone, Jan 26 : $750  J Knight to W J McMillan���I Rob  Roy. Jan 21; $1  L Montgomery, EL Clarke, Gy A  Shepard, A E Jefferson, J. E Jefferson  and J L Retallaek to The ^Washington  Mining Co (foreign) ���I C, Washington  Fraction Charlotte and Herbert, Jan  9; $1 ; ; .  J Lawson to D S Wallbridge���& in  Para, Feb lv $1  T Hulsiger to D S Wallbridge����� in  Para, Jan 26 ; $1 y  P Aspinwall to G J Atkins���| Idaho  andl Arzona, March 12, '94; 110,000  T Hulsizer to J J Godfrey���J Para,  Jan4; $1  J Lawson to J J Godfrey���J Para,  Jan 2; $1 . '���:.  C Murchison to J W Rvan���The  Standard, June 28, 1895; $50.  February 4  Wm Stubbs to The Carnduff Mining  & Development Co, Ltd���j Ruby Mav,  Feb 3; $200  Chas T Miller to Arthur W Ogilvie  ���& Miller Fraction; Feb 2, $1.       <  Gethro A Smith, Gavin H Wright,  GF Golden and Geo A Love to Selkirk M & M Co., Ltd���Little Estella  Fraction, - Gracie, M innie, Tornado,  and Hope; Feb 4, $1.  W L Callanan to Thos D Tobin���J  Gettysburg, Chesapeak, Dixie, Folorn  Hope and St Aubin; Sept 29, $1.  1 hos D Tobin to J M Aston- �� Gettysburg; Feb 2, $45.  Februaiy 5  Albert Behne to James Gilhooly���  i Convention Fraction; Feb 4, $1.  A chunk of galena, 15 inches wide,  and 20 inches long was brought into  Sandon from the Goodenough last  Saturday. It weighed 622 pounds  and is worth $750. Quite a number  of mining men made a pool and  entered into a guessing competition  as to the weight of the chunk George  Wharton won the stakes with a guess  of 620, while Colonel Sam got the  farthest from it with a guess of 420.  Sherrin and Hector are enlargin  their Burton City hotel.  The B C, on Lemon creek, has been  sold to Victoria parties. ;  Geo. Alexander has secured an option on the townsite of Silverton.  The rate on the N.&S-. railway  has been reduced to five cents & mileC'  Harry Hughes was hurt in a slide  near the Freddie Lee tae other day.  There will be a grand opening  dance at Black's hall, in Sandon, on  the 22d. ��  Owing to the pressure on our space  this week much valuable Dews mat  ter is held over.  Efforts are being made to build a  wagon road from Burton City to  Blue Grouse creek.  Capt. Webb, of Rossland, has been  ! appointed    superintendent    for   the  _-_ v Eureka Co., on Cariboo creek.  The Payne is shipping 1500 tons a  month, not 100,000 as an exterprising  but unreliable Toronto paper reports  it.  Daniel Simpson, of Buffalo, N. Y.,  has offered the owners ofthe Cajifor-  nia $60,000 on a bond with 10'per  cent. cash.  The sanitary, condition of New  Denver's school is a disgrace'to the  community, It should be immediately  attended to.  The Loyal Orange Lodge at Sandon  was recently made the recipient of  several fine presents from. lady  sympathisers.  The dance of the Fat Man's club on  the evening of the 19th promises to  be the swellest affair of the kind ever  given in the city.  Wm. Thomlinson has bought from  W. R. Will lot 12, block 13, in New  Denver. Frank Bourne has purchased lot 11, block 14, in the same  city.  The Reco Mining Co. will pay a  dividend next Monday of $100,000.  The Reco employs 100 men and is  shipping three car loads a week of  very high grade ore.  Grant^Thorburn, at Silverton, has  one of the best hotels in Kootenay. It  is a pleasure for the weary traveller  to reach Grant's place, and it is too  bad that such excellent hotels are so  scarce in this famous country.  The Selkirk Mining Co., with J. A.  Smith, Thos. Brown and G. A. Love  as officers, has recently been formed  The company will develop the Minnie  Grace, Tornado, Little Estella, near  Sandon, and the Hope, close to New  Denver.   The  capital  stock of the  Of Diamonds,  Watehes,  Jemelt*y,  Slocks,  Sih/eFuuafe,  Etc., Etc.  New Denver.  We make a special rate on hotel and  restaurant silverware. Everything  warranted.  ssfsxJs s^^T" i ��mmms8%%%%m  carry a gun in order that your life  will be; always safe in the Slocan,  and yet the government cannot afford  police for us.  And  Investment Co  Orrilla Bertrand, President  Florence N. Kent, Secretary  Anna M. reiser, General Manager  Promoters and  Dealers in  And  Write Rufus Buck, M.E., Rossland,  for blue printing and mapping of properties. Latest map of North Fork  and Wild Horse district.    $1.50. f  When in Vancouver stop at the  Manor House.      -       . f  in  Typewriters is the  It sets a known  and tested  Standard  of excellence.  Everyone  knows what it  represents���the  Best Work with  Least Labor,  Enduring Service, Unequal-  id Economy  . n d Conveni-  nee.  The���  WSo.  6  Model  Correspondence solicited with parties having  good i>roi ert es for sale or pro per ties for development.  Address Secretary���    ���  Spokane, W^sh., U.S.  bears the stamp of  Unqualified Public Approval  Many notable improvements in the  1897   MODEL.  Catalogue free on Application.  JOIN W. GBAHAI ��� w,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  BOOKS, PAPER,  OFFICE SUPPLIES  y  and "Vv ALL PAPERS.  SPOKANE, WASH.  './;.;��� The immense discoveries on Kokanee  Creek led to the formation of the���  Canadian Mining, MilIing&Smeltm��;Go.,Lu1  which has taken over   the  following  choice claims:  Homestretch,  Glacier i  Two Snowbirds,  U2f2 li.  capital, $2,000,000���2,000,000 shares  '400,000 shares for development now in treasury;  4^  and  selling a  up  wS now on  17  the  market  2 cents  This stock is bound to go up, as any prospector in  the district who has been on the properly can tell  you that the croppings on the Homestretch exceed  almost anything yet discovered in the Kootenay.  The original owners form the company and stock is  selling on its own merits.  Call on or write to the Secretary for Prospectuses.  Ore can be seen at office.  ^m  LEIGHTON & WILLIAMS, Mining Operators & Brokers.  Box 111, Sandon, B.C.  Si  ���:5


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