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The Ledge Dec 2, 1897

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 Volume V.   No. 9.  NEW DENVER, B. C, DECEMBER 2,  1897.  Price, $2 00 Year  SUMMARY.  The people of British Columbia  through their representatives in the  Legislature, grant the most valuable  coal fields in the world to a railway  company as a subsidy to ensure the  construction of a railway which would  be beneficial to the country.  The railway company secures possession of the land, does not construct the  railway, and sells the charter.  The coal land passes into the hands of  a coal company formed within the railway company." ,  /The people of Canada are called upon  to pay ujnvards of 83,000,000 in cash for  the construction of the line.  Thus the land is alienated from the  public domain ; it is in possession of  men who got it for nothing', or at least  gave the province nothing- for it, and  will use it for personal profit; it was  given to the predecessors of these men  to enable them to construct a public  work, and they retain it for their own  gain ; and the people have, to pay over  $3,000,000 additional for the railway,  which the price of the coal lands would  have built many times over had they  been sold at their value.  An Evil Policy Gives the C. P. R. the Railway which the Country has to Pay for, and Private Individuals  Grasp the Coal Lands which Ought to Have Paid for the Road.  NAKED FAGTS.  The historian of British Columbia, if  he have no stock in   the coal company  or privileges from  the railways, which  might be jeopardized, will have to face  the naked fact that the political methods that  prevailed there towards  the  end of the ninetecth century were not  such as those who look for and respect  good government would wish to  see  perpetuated.   In a sparse and scattered  population    given    to   much   moving  about, a few men of mediocre capabilities   thrust   themselves   to   the   front  without question,  and carried on government there in a manner to imply  contempt  for their  responsibilities  to  the people.  There was notmueh money  to squander,  but the generous way in  which public lands were distributed, is  indicatioirthat a full treasury,had there  been one, would not have been vigilantly guarded.    The Canadian Pacific  Railway entered the province with a  right to twenty  miles on each  side of  the line, and with a disposition to ignore  public wishes and public rights wherever it could safely evade them. There  can be no objection to the land grant  under the circumstances, but there is,  and must always be, objection to that  contrary disposition of  the monopoly  which  manifests itself in its treatment  of the public, through whosegenerosity  in land and money the company enriched itself.   Sir Saiidford  Fleming's survey through the Yellowhead Pass may  not have been an easy route for a railway from an engineering point of view,  but it can safely  be said that it would  have   proved   easier   than   the   route  through the Kicking Horse.   But there  was another route' through the mountains, the easiest of all  routes,  it was  known then and has since been found  to be,   and  that  is the route by the  Crow's Nest Pass, which was rejected, it  is said, because the Government desired  to keep the line a distance north of the  international boundary.   The gradients  there are insignificant,   and had   the  Canadian Pacific   Railway gone   that  way it would have had to cross but one  range   of   mountains    of    magnitude,  whereas by the Kicking Horse it crosses  three, and it is comparatively   heavy  hauling all the way.    Major Rogers, the  otherwise, tied up until it be profitable  to put them on the market.  Then there is the  Kootenay  Land  Company.   This company secured from  the Provincial Government a charter  to construct  a  canal   connecting  the  head   waters  of  the   Kootenay   river  with the Columbia lakes, in which the  Columbia has its rise, and providing  unimpeded navigation from Golden, on  the Canadian Pacific Railway, through  to the Montana boundary.   As a subsidy for the work the Provincial Government granted the company 30,000  acres of land, to be chosen as the company saw fit. The canal was constructed, and was   in   use  only one season.  Conceived in ignorance and carried out  with   stupidity,   it   flooded   land   and  threatened to turn the Kootenay river  entirely into the Columbia,and destroyed it as a navigable stream through 200  miles of its course in Canada.   So the  canal   was   abandoned.   It is learned  from the Golden Era that the lock is  falling- in ; the gates are broken and as  a public work it is useless.   But here is  the chief   evil   of this job.     Whoever  drew up  the agreement between  the  canal   company   and the Government  culpably omitted to insert a revisionary  clause, that,   in the event ofthe company not providing a serviceable canal,  the "land should revert to the people.  As it is. the company have possession  of the finest iand in" Southern British  Columbia, and the  people have in exchange   for   this   fair portion of their  patrimony���a ditch; and to prevent the  Kootenay river from breaking through  into the Columbia, the people will have  to till in this ditch, and do other preventative work at their own expense.  So, between them, the Canadian Pacific  Railway and the Kootenay Land Company own most of the choicest land, for,  be sure, these people put their stakes  only in what is the best, when there is a  choice to be made.   And East Kootenay  is practically closed to the agriculturist  until the proprietors can make money  out of him.  A   DECEIVED PROVINCE.  In view of the  fact that British Co-  American engineer, was aware of the  easiness of the Crow's Nest Pass, for he  was furnished with  full information on  the subject, but he desired to make a  name as a mountain   climber,  which  accounts for the many crossings of the  Kicking   Horse   River, the abnormal  grade at Field, which the Government  engineers have not yet accepted, and  the fantastical  "loopj" which will have  to be removed,ami the line re-constriu t-  ed.   Had the Canadian Pacific Railway  Company been able to avail itself of the  Crow's Nest Pass route, there would not  have been a British Columbia Southern  Railway Company  to sell   its charter :  there would  have  been no alienation  and misappropriation of valuable lands;  the coal beds would   have been opened  up years ago ; the railway would have  had an easy grade to tlie coast; there  would have been a large sum saved in  the cost of construction ; the richest and  best portions of the country would have  been opened up, and  not only the province,  but the whole country,  would  have felt the benefit.    But the Crow's  Nesu Pass  was   not   taken.   Mr. Van  Home had "no interests in that part of  the country,'' men  of influence in the  provincial'governuient were allowed to  acquire the coal lands without question,  and men of "influence" in the east, supported by a leading newspaper, assisted  in  the diversion of   these,  lauds   from  public use.    And these are nut the only  shortcomings  of   the   political   nondescripts who'showed  their incapacity in  the government  of  British   Columbia,  the late  Hon.   .John   Robson  excepted.  For building the .\'els m extension tbe  ('.PR  was given  another  large grant  of land.    The como.-inv could  not  find  enough  land to   fill its bill  in  what is  known as  West  Kootenay,  so  it went  over   into the Columbia-Kooteiiay valley, in what  is   known   as   Fast Koot-  ena.Y and all through that valley it has  section  after   section,    timbered    and  lumbia is largely a mining country, not  an agricultural one���though by having  the arable land under cultivation, and  not gathered into the maw of cormorant  companies, the wealth of the province  could be greatly augmented���it may be  said that this loss is not much to the  people.    But what  is to be the conclusion when the sale of the British Columbia Southern  Railway charter and the  alienation of the great coal deposits of  the Crow's Nest Pass come to be considered.     Gross  deception    has   been  practiced on the people of British Columbia.    They were unable to protect  themselves.     But there came  a time  when the Dominion Government could  have protected  the  people of British  Columbia,   and  the   people generally  from  imposition,   not to use a harsher  term.    When the Canadian PacificRail-  way came forward for ratification of the  transfer of the B. C. S. charter for the  Crow's Nest Pass Railway, a line which  Sir William (then Mr.)  Van Home had  no use for a decade ago, but now was  anxious to secure, it was in the power  of the Government to withhold assent,  to have denounced the British Columbia  Columbia Southern charter, driven off  the monopoly, and itself constructed the  line, as soon'as it could have used the  coal beds for  that purpose.    Disallowance of the charter and federal assumption of responsibility for the construction of the railway would have met all  requirements,  prevented the shameful  alienation of the coal  lands, and relieved  tlie people   of  the west,   to   some  extent at least, from the oppression and  extortion which the C.P.R.monopoly has  too long- been allowed to practice.  The  Government  was at first inclined to do  this, was strongly advised to do this by  independent men  in the House and an  untrammelled and independent   press  outside of it,   but  the Globe and its  backers managed to command enough  power to prevent the Government from  adopting a wise, just   and   equitable  policy in  this respect.   It was the first  great blunder of  the Laurier Government, showing a weakness that admirers of it did  not expect to see so early  in the day.    By   this  supineness',  the  Government countenanced one of the  greatest   wrongs ever perpetrated  in  this country.  The Pacific scandal of 187-2 was a  blow that staggered the Conservative  party. But that most reprehensible  act of the Government then in power  had this palliative quality���tbe wrong  did not personally enrich anyone concerned. The chief offender in crying  "���hese hands are clean," admitted that  he had engaged in something disgraceful, but disclaimed   any   personal ad-  ORDER OF EVENTS.  In 1886 coal'was discovered in the Crow's Nest Pass on  the British Columbian side of the Rocky Mountains.  In 1887 Col. Baker, a member of the British Columbia Legislature, visits  the Pass and satisfies himself as to the great extent and value  of the coal beds.      <  "   " Sir William (then plain Mr.) Van Home's attention is drawn  to these coal deposits, and, his answer is that the Canadian  Pacific Railway has no interests in that part of the country.  In 1888 The British Columbia Southern Railway Conipany, including Col.  Baker, M.P.P., and others, is granted a charter by the Provincial Government to construct a railway from the summit of  the Pass to Kootenay Lake, a distance of about 170 miles.  "    ���' To guarantee construction, the company, by way of sub  sidy, secures a liberal land grant from the government of  British Columbia, which grant includes all the coal lands in  the Pass, subject, some say, to a royalty of five-cents per ton.  In 1890 The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, composed of gentlemen  who made up the British Columbia Southern Railway Company, is organized. .  "   " This company within a company  purchases  10,000 acres of  coal lands and afterwards secures from the B. C. S. Railway  Company control of over 300,000 acres of coal lands, in fact, all  of the coal land of the subsidy. ���  ,       ,..  In 1891 the promoters of the B. C. S. Railway Company are prevented  from floating their project by the underhand'influence of the  Canadian Pacific Railway.  In 1892 efforts are made to interest capitalists in London, New York and  San Francisco in the B. C. S. project, but C. P. R. influence is  adverse and opposition strong enough to prevent anything-  being- done.  In 1893 time limit in the charter for the commencement of work expires;  '"���'��� Government of British Columbia, of which Col.   Baker has be  come a member, grants an extension; on passage of the bill  Col. Baker magnanimously abstains from voting*. "  in 1894 arrangements made in the east for funds and surveyors are put to  work ; general financial  depression  comes, fund is exhausted  and work ceases.  "    " Canadian Pacific influence still a formidable obstacle, in way  of the B. C. S. promoters.  In 1895 second extension of time is granted the B. 0. S. company and  Provincial Legislature is told that, the Dominion Government  has been asked for a subsidy to enable the company to open up  the coal lands of the Crow's Nest Pass, with every prospect of  success.  *'   " Dominion  subsidy defeated   by C.  P.   R.   influences,  it is  charg'ed, the company fully dominating the late Government.  B. C. S. promoters see that they cannot hope for anything from  Conservative Government at Ottawa, where the C. P. R. rules.  In 1896 Liberal Government comes into power at Ottawa. British  Columbia Southern promoters identify Senator Cox and Mr.  Robert Jaffray, with their enterprise.  In 1897 The British Columbia Southern, successful in transferring the B.  C. charter to Canadian Pacific Railway for $85,000 or some  such sum.  "   " No coal lands go  with the charter; the Crow's   Nest Coal  Company, composed of Col. Baker, Hon. Minister of Mines in  the British Columbia Government, and others, retain possession of the coal lands which were granted to provide for the  construction of the road.  "   " The C. P. R. uses its influence to secure from the Dominion  Government a money subsidy to help the C. P. R. to build the  Crow's Nest Pass Railway.  "    " Dominion Government, having refused, in defiance of pub  lic opinion widely expressed, in the house and out of it, to disallow the B. C. S."charter, hesitates about the subsidy; but the  influence of the C. P. R. and its backers prevails, and the Government finally agrees to pay the C. P. R. ��10,000 cash subsidy  per mile for construction of the railroad, approximately 310  miles long.  "    " Canadian Pacific Railway, which did not receive an acre of  coal land with the charter, agrees to transfer 50,000 acres of  coal lands to the Government as a mark of esteem to that generous ahd considerate body.  ''    " The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Conipany enters into full enjoy  ment of its rights of ownership in the 300,000 acres of coal land  which British Columbia granted originally for the purpose of  building a railway.  Crow's Nest Pass road, although it is  asserted that he prevented the capitalization   of the company,   but he could  prevent the buildng of any connections  from Fort McLeod,   as  the Dominion  Government  ruled in the Territories,  and he ruled the Government.   But a  change came over affairs    The people  drove out the C. P. It.-ridden and incompetent Government at Ottawa, and  put in a new one.   New faces appeared  in old places, and,  hoping to profit by  the chang-e, the British Columbia Southern promoters began to bestir themselves.   So also did the C.P.R. people.  The time had come to g-et possession of  the Crow's Nest Pass, and if allowed to  slip,  no   one   could tell  how it might  affect the monopoly.   Sir Wilpam had  made the mistake "of letting- Northern  Railway slip  through  his, fingers, and  Mr. J. R. Booth had worsted him in the  Parry Sound line, but the Crow's Nest  road"had to be secured.   But how?   As  he  was considering, Senator Cox and  Mr. Jaffray appeared  upon the scene.  Col. Baker, who  had been in Toronto,  had told them  his troubles.    It doesn't  matter much where he   told  them,  or  under what circumstances.    That is an  interesting   story   by   itself.     Enough  that they saw the profit in  it,  and instead of raisins money themselves and  building the road, they went direct to  Sir. William Van Home with the charter, and they sold the charter to the C  alized at $1,500,000, in 60,000 shares of  $25 a share, all taken up and held up  close by the company, and they can  afford to be liberal 'with the C.P.R.T  which has to struggle along along on a  bare 83,000,000 in providing the railway  for which the people of British Columbia gave land worth eight times the  cost of the road, without getting the  line.  A policy of Federal interference would  have relieved the Federal taxpayer from  anv financial sacrifice for the building of  the Crow's Nest Pass Railway. The  following comparison between what the  country, corporations and individual*  give, and what the country, corporation  and individuals get, will promote a  clearer understanding of the disastrous  effects of the government's policy.  A RUINOUS P0LI6Y.  WHAT THE  PARTIES  GAVE.  British Columbia gave over three  hundred thousand acres of the best coal  land in the world, and the British Columbia Southern charter to the interests  now represented in the Jaffray company.  The C. P. R. gave a large sum of  money to the interests now represented  in the Jaffray Company for the charter,  without acquiring tbe coal lands which  the British Columbia Legislature originally attached to that chaiter.,.  the Dominion of Canada, through its  Government, gave away its opportunity  of protecting the people of British Columbia; the Dominion of Canada,through,  its- parliament, afterwards gave the C.P.  R. over $3,000,000 to build a railway.  P.R.   But the subsidy did  aid not go  with the charter.   Col.  Baker's Crow's  Nest Coal Company regained the coal  lands.    There was a time when  the C.  P. R. could  have got the charter and  tbe coal lands for building the railway,  and it would be a very long price for  so short a work.    But the heads of the  C.P.R. are not the very clever people  their  flatterers   in   press   and   public  would have the world believe.    Without   a   complaisant   Government   like  that of Sir Mackenzie   Bowell, which  was not made to wear well,  the C.P.R.  managers are  very ordinary persons.  They" allowed   the   time to "go by in  which they could have secured the road  for a song or two, and Avhen it became  a necessity to them,  to shut out anyone whom a Grit Government might  favor,   they   were  glad    to   take   the  charter without tbe coal  land subsidy.  If Col. Baker be affected by humor, he  must laugh when he thinks over matters.   He   and   those   with   him  were  o-iven the coal lands to build  the road.  He forms a coal company,  which takes  over the coal lands, he sells the charter  for a round sum to the C.P.R., and the  C.P.R., true to its mendicant nature,  falls on the people of Canada for $3,000,-  000 more  to   provide   the railway the  charter calls for,   and which the coal  lands.would pay for many times over.  But the Canadian  Pacific 'managers do  not let the public, know that they receive none of   the  land   subsidy." By  agreeing with the Government to transfer 50,000 acres of coal land to the Government, they would have the public  imply   that   they have plenty of coal  land.    As a matter of fact thev haven't  a foot.   They   will   have   to  buy the  50,0.00 acres from the Crow's Nest Pass  Coal Company, and if they get it as low  as S10 an acre, it will cost them  half a  million dollars.  WHAT THE  PARTIES  GET.  Canada, in return for the $3,000,000,  gets fewer concessions than the C.P.R.  could have been forced to yield as a-  matter of ordinary business policy; Canada also gets fifty thousand acres of  British Columbia's own coal land, which  the C.P.R. will either have to buy from,  the Jaffray Company with the country's  own money, or receive as a gift.  The C.P.R. gets three hnndred and  thirty miles of railway, which can be  worked to pay large dividends from the  start. This line will be largely paid for  with the country's three million dollars.  A pretty good return for the sum paid  by the C.P.R. to the interests now represented in the Jaffray Company as the  price of the British Columbia Southern,  charter.  The Jaffray Company gets $85,000, or  whatever may be   the  price the C.P.R.  paid for the British Columbia Southern  charter; the Jaffray company also gets .  whatever price the C.P.R.   pays out of  the country's money for  the  restitution  of a portion of British Columbia's coal  lands.    Finally, the Jaffray company is  in   full   enjoyment   of   three   hundred  thousand acres of the best coal land in-  the world.    This land was given to build  a railway.    The C.P.R.   is   building the  railway    largely    with    the   country's  money.   The C.P.R.   has   not got the  coal land.   The country is largely paying for this railway.    The country has  not   got  the   three   hundred  thousand  acres of coal land. The Jaffray Compan)'-  is not building tbe railway.    The Jaffray  Company is not paying for the railway..  The   Jaffray Company   has   got   three  hundred  thousand   acres   of   coal land  good and fast, and what that company  has done or is going to do which will be-  of value to the people for the empire of  coal land which has passed into private-  hands the Globe has yet to explain.  vantage  from the act. Not so the  "influential" gentleman and their associates who hold for mere personal  enrichment the greatest coal area in  the world for which they paid nothing.  They boldly defend their course, or  rather the 'Globe defends it for them.  They protest that there is nothing  dishonorable in their possession, that  they have acted in good faith with the  public.  The Pacific scandal overthrew those  who were engaged in it.  There is nothing-in the annals of the Canadian people that so strongly  stamps their sense  of honor and uprightness  in public life,  as  the decisive   way   in   which   thcy  thruHt from  office the offenders, great  and small.    But while this latest scandal may not destroy the Laurier government, because the public may regard it  as a seiious mistake for which "future  caution and carefulness may atone, yet  it will cenainly arise up to confound  Sir Wilfrid Laurier in  days   to come, j  and all the protestations of the Globe j  mid its backers will not shield him and i  his supporters from censure. j  When Colonel Baker learned from j  the geological reports, or maybe if was .  common talk there then, that Dr. Daw-j  son had discovered coal in the Crow's \  Nest Pass, he went there and made an j  examination for himself. It was then j  that the. railway scheme was evolved, i  If his influence as a member of the!  Legislature had not an  effect in sccur-'  ing the large land subsidy, he cannot  prevent the inference being formed that  it had. His apologists assert that he  would have built the road ten years ago  if obstacles had not been thrown in his  way by the Canadian Pacific Railway.  That the C. P. R. did obstruct is in all  probability true. It is a way the company has.' In this relation' it is interesting to consider the attitude of the  monopoly in this matter. The president of the C.P.R. had full knowledge  of the existence of coal beds in the Pass,  and when it was suggested that he  build a line so as to render the coal  area accessible,  lie replied that the C  THE COAL BARON'S OF CANADA.  And what is this good thing which  President Jaffray and other eastern Lib-  j era Is have got into. They and tlr-'.ir  (associates are now among- the coal  I barons of Canada, nay, of the world.  j The company which got a present of  I the coal areas of the Crow's Nest Pass  j to build a railway, which the people of  I Canada with their S:-J.O.')D,0)0 are now  j building for the C.P.R., control over  j 80'),()();') acres of coal land, comprising  ! bituminous coal and a hard coal, said  to   the   best   Welsh.    The  to be equa  beds are within a couple of miles of the  railway, and lying in exposed strata,  can be worked extensive.lv and cheaply. The Government stipulates that  (this coal shall be put on board the cars  P.R. had no interests ui that part of the !at ?2 a ton. There is a fortune iu it, a  country. But not withstanding this jc dossal fortune, for tbe company at  declaration of'Sir William .(then plain | this price, but as the co-inany 'will  Mr.) Van Home, he sent Mr. Reid, a I likely be its own agent iu the Kootenay,  Montreal engineer, to the Pass to invcs- i where the hard coal will sellat from .? i  tig-ate. He also sent Mr. Jennings, of j to S7 a ton, the barons need nave no  this city, neither of whom could have j fear of dying iu penurv. What is the  reported otherwise and be truthful.than j value of the possession it may be asked.  that there were immense deposits of  coal in the Pass. But the intimation  that the C.P.R. would not construct the  line, left the project open for others to  take hold ol". ami it was taken bold of  in a way by Col. Baker's company.  This was in the days when the C.P.H.  ruled at Ottawa: the time when Sir  William (then plain Mr.) Van Horne  telegraphed his orders from Montreal  to the Government, and had them obeyed. He might not be able, to stop the !  building of the  B.  C.   division  of  the !  ! Coal land discovered on a school see-  I tion in Alberta, not so accessible as  tin's, was put ii)) at auction some vears  ago and sold for .?7 ) an acre At 870  an acre, the Crow's Nest Pass Comoany's  cla'm would be worth about ��"��� l,"> >).'))).  Rather an easy thing hr "resident  Jaffray and his associates to drop into  They co .1 I well afford to make a present of ���>).;.))) acres to the C 'Vl , with  which to in ike a show of some, sort in  the way of restitution to a people despoiled.    The company is or was capit-  WHAT THE  FARTIE8  TAKE.  The C.P.R. takes the eudsidy which  will go far toward building the railway  which the C. P. R. will operate for its  own use and benefit, the railway which-  British Columbia paid for over and  again with its coal land, and the country  nearly paid for with the hard-earned  money of the federal tax payer.  The country gives over $3,000,000 ot"  the federal tax payer's money, and thit*.  money is used in building a railway for  the benefit of the C.P.R. British'Col-  umbia gives three hundred thousand  acres of coal land to pay for a railway  which is being built with Federal subsidies, and poor British Columbia's land,  instead of helping to build the railway,  is helping to enrich the interests represented in the Jaffray Company. The  coal lands granted by tbe British Columbia legislature to build the railway  are not being used for that purpose and  these coal lands were sufficient in value  to do the work many times over.  The interests represented in tbe Jaffray Conipany take $85,000, or whatever  the price was which the Gl'.R. paid for  the  British Columbia Southern charter.  The interests represented in the Jaffray company take whatever price the C.  P.R. pays out of the country's money  for fifty thousand acres of Britist Columbia's coal land.  Tbe interests represented in the Jaffray conipany retain for their own use  and benefit the three hundred thousand  acres of coal lands, save the lands they  sell to the C.P.P., and these acres are  tbe domain which should have and  could have been used to build for the  public benefit all the railways British  Columbia will ever need.  The Laurier Government cannot unfairly befriend tbe C.P.R., and hold the  confidence of tlie people. Tbe monopoly has ruled too long. It must now be  driven with a tight rein and a strong  hand. If not, it. will drag tbe government to ruin. V  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 2, 1897.  Fifth Year ^  Nuggets are by no means scarce in  the history of Nova Scotia gold mining, and while we have no available  record of the various chunks ot gold  which have been uncovered in this  Province from time to time since the  first year of the discovery of tlie  metal here, we know that they have  been many and of considerable value.  There is a charm about gold in this  form which is absent in all other  forms in which gold is found. To  find the virgin metal just as nature  planted it, is one of the few pleasurable and uncommon experiences of  the prospector.  An account of the finding of many  nuggets in other parts will, we believe, have an interest for those who  have already had the pleasure of uncovering specimens of this form of  gold, as well as those who have yet  to enjoy the experience.  The stories of the rich pans that  have been washed out on the Klon- -  dike, and the more recent $42,000  strike by the Graves Brothers on  Coffee creek, have set all California,  if not the whole world, talking of rich  strikes and big nuggets. However  rich the Klondike may prove, no  nuggets have, as yet heard from,  been unearthed that can compare in  value with what have been found in  California, much less to rival the  great finds of Australia. The rich  discovery by the Graves Brothers  came more in the nature of a pocket  than as a nugget, and they, like the  average prospector, care but little  whether the returns come in the.  shape ot pockets or nuggets, so long  as they come. The pocket that has  , drawn the attention of California  to Coffee creek was composed of gold  varying in size from fine flakes to  lumps worth $1,000 each, and taken  as a whole near a rich find. However, there have been finds in Australia, alongside of which the nuggets the Graves Brothers tell about,  sink into insignificance.  Australia is the best represented of  any of the gold producing countries ;  then follows far-off Siberia. Australia's big nugget, the Welcome, is  to be seen, This fine specimen was  found at Ballarat, Victoria, and  yielded $41,882 to the lucky owners.  It was found within a few feet of the  surface. After looking at the Welcome, one can then form an idea of  what the biggest lump of gold ever  found in the world must have looked  like. This remarkable piece of gold  came from Byer & Hartman's claim,  Hil En, New' South Wales, and was  just about three and a half times the  size of the Welcome nugget. It  measured 4ft. 9in. in length, 3ft. 3in.  in width, and' averaged four inches  in thickmess, and made its finders  wealthier by $148,000. At the time  of its finding Messrs. Byer & Hart-  man had exhausted their entire capital and were practically living on  charity. It is said that the find so  unnerved one of the men that he was  unfitted for business for several days.  Another famous Australian nugget is  the Welcome Stranger nugget, found  in Mount Moltgel, February 6th, 1869.  It weighed 190 pounds, and sold for  $45,000.' Other famous Australian  finds were the Empress, Huron, Union  Jack, the Sir Dominie Daly, the Leg  of Mutton, the Lady Hot ham and  others, ranging in value from $6,000  to $30,000, while t'->e Oats and Delson  nugget, picked up at the foot of a tree,  made the lucky finder if50,000 richer.  The Viscount of Canterbury is the  title bestowed upon another famous  nugget. This fine specimen was  found fifteen feet below the surface,  May 13th, 1870, at John's Paddock,  From THK IXIMTSTIU Al. ADOOCA.TK.  long torn.    His boon companion was  Tom Fowler, equally dissolute.  One night in November, 1854, the  two were on their way from Benton's  Bar over the Grizzly mountains to  Camp Corona, the spot made famous  in .literature by Bret Harte. The fall  rains had set in, and the streams were  running high in that section; On the  night of the 15th, almost stupid with  drink; they both sought refuge in a  deserted miner's hut. During the  night a rain peculiar to the mountain  ranges set in. The water fell in torrents, and came pouring down the  precipitous mountain sides. The  narrow canyon where Martin and  Fowler lay asleep and drunk, was  soon filled with the rushing waters,  and threatened to sweep away the  old shack of a building. The two  were awakened by water pouring into the cabin, and they sought to escape up the steep sides of the canyon.  Both men were swept back into the  flood, and were carried down tlie  stream in the darkness. Martin was  washed into a large clump of live  oaks, and managed to lodge, clinging to the branches until morning,  but Fowler was drowned. Next day,  November 18'i.h, toward noon, when  the water had subsided, Martin secured a pick and shovel, and started  to bury his dead companion. He selected a spot at the base ot the cliff,  and had not dug down two feet when  he came upon the nugget. He made  several tests before he could convince  himself that it was really gold. The  chunk was bigger than a bull's head,  and too heavy for Martin to carry.  He hurried to camp Corona and se  cured the help of a miner. He had  some difficulty in persuading anyone  to go with him. At last one consented,  but carefully made the statement that  ne was going to help bury Fowler,  and not to carry nuggets, as he, like  the others in tlie camp, placed no confidence in Martin's find.  The chunk weighed 80 pounds, and  required the combined efforts ot  Oliver and his assistant to get it to  camp. Refore starting both men  stalced claims, Martin, of course,  claiming where he had unearthed  the big nugget. As soon as the news  of the big find spread miners flocked  in in hundreds, and, although the  stream was prospected for miles,  nothing of any great value was found.  Mr. Martin considered that his find,  and the peculiar circumstances attending it, was an act of Providence,  and neve.r touched intoxicants thereafter. With the money that he got  from the sale of his nugget, he went  to mining in a business-like manner.  Later be was attracted to Yucatan,  where he made over half a million  in quartz mining. He died in New  Orleans a few years ago, leaving- a  fortune ot over a million.  The finding ot the  second largest  nugget was not  quite so romantic,  though strange enough in its way, for  it was left for a poor half-breed Indian  to pick up a $17,000 nugget at a spot  that had'been gone over time and  again by the experienced prospectors  and miners.   In 1861 a firm of young  j men from St. Louis had been induced  I to invest in  a big placer   claim on  S Missouri creek   in   Nevada   county.  I Old miners laughed in their sleeves,  I if they had any sleeves to laugh in.  j when" thev heard of the deal.    They  regarded" the claim  as worked out,  and it had never  yielded more than  "colors" and   "promises."    But the  new firm took hold with  all the energy of new blood and abiding faith  in their good judgment. Sluices were  built and the   hunt   for gold began.  Among the employees was a young  half-breed Indian.    Once   when the  men had gone to their supper at the  Berlin, Victoria; and was worth $20, j close of day, and the hnn miles away  0O0. The Platypus nuggett, which the half-breed went down to te  was valued at $7,500, isfalso another | creek to wash his overalls. The  historic piece of gold.     It was found  within five feet of the surface in  Robinson Crusoe Gulch, Bendigo,  Victoria, New South Wales, on the  26th of May, 1871.  From Siberia many valuable pieces  of gold have been secured, among  which may be named the Czar and  the Ural. ' The Ural is the larger of  the two, and was valued at $24,000.  It was found in the Ural mountains.  The Czar was fouud in a mine owned  by the Russian government at Miass,  on July 22nd, 1882, and was worth  $11,000. One Siberian nugget  brought a pardon from the Czar to  the three exiles who found it and  promptly turned it over to the Crown.  It yielded $30,000, and the Czar  probably thought it worth more than  the three exiles.  his overalls  sluice and creek were so muddy that  one could not see clearly below the  surface. The Indian washed his  overalls and spread them on the  sluice boards to dry, when his attention was attracted to a big yellow  rock in the muddy stream, and he  rolled the rock over several times.  He had never seen gold in any other  form than in tiny flakes and bits the  size of pinheads, and it therefore  never occurred to him that gold  could be found in any such mass as  that before him. He concluded that  it must be some sort of a new rock  that he had discovered. Next morning when he returned for his overalls  he inspected the curious rock again,  and his inquisitiveness getting the  better of bim he called the foreman  to inspect it. The trained eye ofthe  foreman recognized the rock at once,  The largest nugget of solid gold,   , - tl   t ,  ever found in California was the Ln-|and the camp went crazy that day.  It became ! When tiie firm  returned  ���  ous Oliver Martin nugget  famous, not only for its great size and  value, but the weird romance connected with the finding of it was re  lated far and wide. Again,  people have looked upon and actually  handled the Oliver Martin than any  other nugget ever mined. It was  exhibited'in the larger cities of the  United States, also at London and  Paris. It sold for $22,700, after it had  earned over $10,000 tor exhibition  purposes, and the fac-simile in brass  is now to be seen in every geological  and mining museum of note in the  world. Ihe story of its finding is as  weird as it is romantic. Oliver Martin, although a young man was little  better than a tramp, who spent his  time in doing odd jobs and in drinking���mostly drinking ��� about  mining camps of Yuba, Tuolumme,  El Dorado and Calaveras counties���a  veritable camp hanger-on. He didn't  even own a pan. much less a rocker or  next night  j they found a furore of excitement,  ! and miners flocking into the camp by  | hundreds.    As the story ofthe nugget  more sPi'ead, hundreds came long distances  just to feast their eyes on the lump of  gold, and to lift the mass  in their  hands.    It weighed sixty-five pounds  . and filled a peck measure.    The firm  ! sold the nugget to the Adams Express  I Co. for $17,400, and presented each of  ; their  employees in the   camp with  i $100, giving the  half breed an extra  i $300 for his  find.      The   claim  was  ' worked over carefully,   and whilst it  i yielded a  moderate amount of dust,  ho other nugget   larger than-a pea  1 was found, all  oi  which   proves that  '��� "gold is where you find it."  ;    As the  recent $42,000 find of the  the | Graves Brothers   at   Coffee creek is  more in the nature of a pocket than a  nugget, the Monumental   nugget unearthed bv a party composed of Harry  Warner, W. A. Tarish,   A. Wood, F.  N. Clevering and J. Winstead still  stands as the biggest nugget found in  California during the past thirty  years. It was found on the Monumental claim located near the Sierra  Buttes in Sierra County. It weighed  1,593 ounces troy and was sold for  $13,500 to R. B. Good ward, of San  Francisco, who paid that amount for  it because of its value for exhibitive  purposes. When melted only $9,800  was realized, though Mr. Goodward  cleared enough out of it to offset the  loss, and a good bonus besides, for it  was used far and wide for exhibitive  purposes, and was melted by a New  York goldsmith less than twelve  years ago. It was exhibited in  Europe and Australia, as well as in  almost every large city in the United  States.  The finding of nuggets along the  Trinity river is no new experience.  As long ago as May, 1870, three  Frenchmen drove into the old town  ��� f Shasta, and having business with  A. Coleman, a dealer in hardware,  groceries and notions, they asked  him where would be a good spot to  locate. He jokingly said, "go over  t:> Spring creek." They took his advice and staked out a claim in the  creek eight miles or so north of Redding. A few days later one ofthe  Frenchmen picked up a nugget that  netted the party $6,200 and more.  The Frenchmen worked their claim  over thoroughly, and as they thought  took away all the nuggets and dust  that it contained, but ten years later,  long after the claim had been abandoned, Dent Young found a $520 nugget that the Frenchmen had overlooked. And away back in 1850 a  Portuguese sailor picked up a nugget  on his claim on Trinity river that  netted him $300. He found it one  day while piling some stones on  wliich to rest his skillet while he  cooked. It is said that he went crazy  with excitement and joy. He would  bite the lump to test its firmness; he  boiled it several times and would sit  for hours looking at his treasure He  was so afraid that someone would  steal his nugget that he scarcely  slept tor a week. But his good luck  ruined him as a miner, for after that  dust was beneath his notice, only  nuggets, and big ones at that, were  worthy of his attention���but he never  found one as big as his first find,  which he made within a few days  after he struck the camp. He had  run away from a ship at San Francisco, and struck well north and in  the interior to escape being caught,  and at the time of his arrival on the  Trinity river could not speak one  word of English.  One instance is on record where one  man did go insane at the sight of his  lucky find. He was a Frenchman,  and one who found a $5,000 nugget  in Spring Gulch near Columbia.  Tuolumme county. The discovery  made the miner insane, and he was  sent to Stockton asylum. The nugget was sold and the proceeds-sent to  his family in France. Not, far from  where tlie Frenchman made his find  Daniel Strain discovered a big chunk  of gold quartz weighing fifty pounds,  and which when crushed netted him  $8,000. Tuolumme county has yielded several big nuggets besides the  above. In 1854 a twenty-eight  pounder was picked up on Sullivan's  creek. It sold for $8,168. At Gold  Hill a man named Virgin found one  weighing 380 ounces, and valued at  ��6.500. In 1.850 a laborer with a  common spade turned out a nugget  from the banks of the American river  near Lawson's Bar. The nugget was  sold for $19,400. This was in El  Dorado county. In 1867 at Pilot Hill  a boulder of'quartz yielded $8,000;  this, with a lot of small nuggets, was  taken from the Boulder gravel claim  and within a tew feet of where stood  the Pilot Hill postoffice.  One of the curious finds was up in  Calaveras county, which section of  the state, by the'way, has furnished  some of the most valuable chunks of  gold found in California, but for the  most part they have been quartz  formations rather than nuggets of  pure gold. One day in the summer  of 1858 a 14-year-old boy named Perkins was playing with a small water  wheel he had whittled out. He took  it down to a small stream that ran  through a worked-over placer claim.  In ligging away the sand for a foundation for his toy water wheel, he dug  out a nugget of gold and quartz as  big as a watermelon. When crushed  ic yielded $1,800 The strange part  of it is that the claim had not only  been worked over and abandoned,  but the nugget lay at a point where j  hundreds of miners had passed and'  repassed in their search for gold, and'  had used this self-same nugget as a  stepping stone to cross the little  stream. After the discovery of this  nugget by the boy, the miners prob  ably felt like kicking themselves  quite as hard as did the party ot  mineralogists that the British Government sent to South Africa to report on the gold bearing section of  that country. They camped for the  winter on a ledge, and built a stone  house from the rocks of the ledge, but  saw no signs of gold. After they had  abandoned the stone house, it was  occupied bv a poor ignorant sheep  herder, who didn't know a scientific  term from a Kaffir oath, but he did  know quartz. The rocks that the  scientists had considered only fit for  building material proved to be the  richest gold-bearing quartz the world  has ever seen���the world famous  Rand mine.  It is a curious thing, that in all the  railroad building through sections of  the country where gold has been  found in all directions, no quartz has  ever been unearthed or a ledge  struck on the direct line of the road.  One of the strong arguments used at  the time subscriptions were solicited  for the stock of the Central Pacific  railroad, was that in building the  deep cuts and tunnels over the mountains somewhere nobody could define  where the company was sure to strike  a quartz ledge that would turn out to  be a gold mine rich enough to pay  dividends on the entire capital stock  of the railroad. But so far as known  not a color has ever been found in  any excavation for the Central Pacific  or any other railroad. Mines have  been located within short distances  of the road, and on either side of it,  but none that the company could  claim by right of discovery. ��� That  nuggets have sometimes, if not often,  been found in out-of-way places  and nol; another particle of gold within miles, has been demonstrated  time and time again. Only a few  years ago a consumptive who had  sought refuge in the mountains back  of San Diego found a nugget that was  as much a< surprise to himself as to  the prospectors of that section. In his  long walks for health and exercise,  he amused himself by looking for Indian relics in a canyon. One day he  visited the canyon after a long heavy  rainfall had washed great masses of  gravel and earth into the canyon. In  picking his way alongside the cliff,  lie stumbled over the nugget. He  took it to San Diego and received  $1,580 for it, which was about five  times what it was worth. Old prospectors went over the ground where  the nugget was found and all over  the neighborhood, but no one found  as much as a color. A similar find  was that made by a miner known to  all old timers as Dan Hill. He was  equally famed as a finder of nuggets  and as a drinker of whiskey; in fact  it is a question as to which gave him  the wider reputation. One day he  and some companions were camped  in a lonely canyou near Dun Flats in  Neyada county. Hill amused himself bv running over gravel on an  abandoned claim. Tiring of this he  went down to the brook to wash his  hands. There in the running water  the face, lay a  white quartz as  Port of Nakusp.  THQS. ABRI EL  CUSTOriS BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B* C.  J.R.&B. Cameron  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing  ���: in the:���  .--   Latest Style  ���: of the':-���  TailoFs    Ri-fc.  ___i_LTH��EE FORKS & SANDON.  staring him full in  nugget of gold and  big as his head. How it had laid  there so exposed to the possible view  of hundreds of miners who had  tramped over that Country and  hunted the streams from end to end  time and time again, was the favorire  topic of speculation among the miners  for months after. Hill sold his nugget for $12,300, and went on a spree  that lasted into the second year. He  had made a name for himself as a big  nugget finder some four years previous. He was eking out a bare existence in the places near Ruby Belle  camp in Plumpias county, and almost  within the shadow of Mount Shasta,  when one day he dug out of the old  gravel a chunk of gold. Hill started  at once for the nearest point where he  could turn his gold into cash, and the  D. O: Mills bank in Sacramento  handed him $9,000 for it. Of this he  spent $5,000 in San Francisco in one  week, and was soon as poor as ever,  and again on the hunt for chunks of  gold. He eked out a miserable existence until his big find in 1870, but  that dissipated he never made another hit, and he died ten years ago  in the alms house at Los Angeles.  One does not have to go further  back than a few weeks ago to find a  case where a man was 'kicked' into  a fortune. Louis Roderigo was some  weeks ago discharged by the superintendent of the Misle Shaft mine,  and every day for weeks he hung  around the mine imploring to be  taken back. Finally, so the dispatches state, he was kicked off the  grounds. He secured a pick and  shovel, and grub enough to last bim  a week or two, and started off prospecting in Bear creek on the Pine  Ridge, some. 70 miles northeast of  Fresno. Three weeks later he returned with $9,000 in gold dust, and  no doubt has got a claim that will  make him a millionaire for his dust  was panned out in less than two  weeks actual work. Such is life and  luck with the gold hunters. If the  story of the fortunes that have been  made and lost in gold mines could be  written, it would read like an enlarged history of Monte Cristo.  A    BACK    FOR    tIFK.  A gun is heard at the (lend of night,  ���'Lifeboat, ready!"  And every man to the signal true  Fights for place in tlie eager crew :  "Now, lads, steady!"  First a glance, at the shuddering foam,  Now a look at the loving home,  Then together, with hated breath,  They launch their boat in the gulf of death.  Over the breakers wild,  Little they reck of weather,  But tear their way  Thro'blinding spray,  Hear the skipper cheer, and say.  "Up with her lads, and lift her  All together!"  They see the ship in a sudden flash.  Sinking ever;  And grip their oars with a deeper breath !  Now it comes to light with death���  Now or never!  Fifty strokes and they're at her side  If they live in the boiling tide,  If they last thro' the. awful strife;  Ah, my lads, it's a race f��r life !  Over the breakers wild,  Little they reck of weather.  But tear their way  Thro' blinding spray,  Hear the skipper cheer, and Bay.  "Up with her (ads. and lift her  All together!"  And loving hearts are on the shore  Hoping, fearing���  Till over the sea comes a cheer,  Then the click of the oars you hear  Homewtird steering.  Ne'er a thought of the danger past,  Now the lads are on the land at last,  What's a storm to a gallant crew  Who race for Life, and who win it. too ?  Over the breakers wild,  Little they reek of weather,  But tear their <vay  Thro' blinding spray,  Hear thei skipper cheer, and say,  ���Up with her lads, and lift her  All together!"  ���J. L. Molloy,  \ Contains all the famous  liquors of the present day.  The cigars are from reliable  makers and give out, when  in action, an aroma that  scents the immediate atmosphere with an odor that is  pleasing to the olfacLories of  man.  In the billiard room of this  hotel the ivory spheres can  be set in motion whenever  the public desires it.  ANaus McGillivray  /��/��/@^^/��/^/��^^/��/^^^^^i^/^'��^^^|v  The  NEW DENVER, B.C.  Is a new house, with new furniture and everything comfortable  for the taaveling public. The bar has the best goods in the  market. ANGRIGNON BROS., Proprietors.  TheJeb  reem  of  The  Is the finest west of the Red River   .. The   Ledge   carries    the  largest stock of Printing Stationery in Kootenay, and can do  finer work than any print shop  west of Lake Superior...... .  .. There are offices that quote  seemingly lower prices, but quality considered, The Ledg-e is  lower than any. No Chinese or  blacksmiths employed. Send orders by mail, express, freight or  pack train.    If you.are in the Slocan metropolis call  in and see  our plant, but do not touch our bull pup's pup, or allow the cyclone  caused by our fast cylinder press to blow your plug hat out ot the  rear tunnel. Come in folks when you have any job printing to  do, or cash that is too heavy to carry, and we will give you a  profitable solution of your trouble.     Come, gentle pilgrims, come.  FEED J. SQUIEE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings al^avs on hand.  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevey. Slocan Lake, B.C. Fifth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 2, 1897.  3  RAL  AT    DAKGAI.  BY SIR EDWIN ARNOLD.  Fifty yards wide the platform stretched  Between the shelters and the ridge;  Only such slender space to cross,  And 'tis of Victory the Bridge!  But on those rocks eight thousand foes  With furious fire the passage close.  Fifty yards wide!   No more!   Yet dare  One step upon that levelled space,  And the brave Linesman, torn with shot,  Falls, dead or dying, on his face.  A storm-swept Bridge!   A Bride of Hell!  How deadly yon prone corpses tell.  The Goorkhas start!   Not readily  Will those lithe pigmies of the mils  Turn back for flame, or shot or steel;  But here, to-day, 'tis courage kills;  The boldest man by man must bleed;  Tlie Gnorkhas cannot do this deed !  Dorsetshire men, and Derbyshire-  Right gallant corps���form to the front;  Fearless they close in long linked ranks,  Of that stern gap to bear the burnt;  What manhood may, and loyalty.  And pride, and pluck, this foe shall see.!  Alas! too dreadful drives that hail   .  Of hissing lead !   The constant slam  Kollicumbriug those heroic feet  Which would advance; the bloody plain  Is littered o'er with red and black;  Dorsetshire*, Derby.shires, turn back!  And loud, from Sanger and from crag,  Tim taunting, bitter screams are heard  Of tribes who mark a British lino  Stayed, baffled ;-nay ,,but not afeard!  Eiirht thousand muskets keep the hill:  And that Ked Bridge untraversed still!  Then, from grey hollows where they crouch  The sons of Scotland silent gather-  Wild indigo and tamarisks brush  The limbs bred in-the purple heather���  The. (lordon Highlander fall in��� .  IMpers and all���Hell's Bridge to win.  ���;Men of the Gordon Highlanders!"  Colonel Mathias loudly cries.'  "TheGeneral's orders are to take,  At any needful sacriiice, t  Yonder position !   His we'll make it,  The Gordon Highlanders will take it.-  To skirl of ph>es and gleam of blades  Tlie glorious baud leaps joyous forth,  Drowning the muskets on the lull  With slogan from the North. .  Stay them ! Death's self, HelL's self, give  ground ,   ,        ,,  When Gordons to the battle bound !  Fierce, splendid, faithful, stream our Scots  To lightsome homely Highland tilt;  Too swift for Fate, too bold to fail,  Rush buskin, illume and kilt,  The. lifty yards of lire are passed:  The savage ridge is gained at last!  Down from the empty Hangars fly  Those rebel hordes; the flaming hill  Is cleared ! the grim position seized  As was the General's will.  The Colonel's simple word did make it,  "The Gordon Highlanders will take it!  Dear brothers of our Blood!   The cheers  Which hulled vou conquerors.asyccame  'Mid glad battalions welcoming vou,  Down-marching from that Hill of Flame,  Echo in British homes to-day,    ���  From north to south, from Thainhs to Lay.  Folks say our earlies fires were raised  In bonny town of Aberdeen.  Where lads King George's guinea took  A Duchess' lovely lips between.*  Scots, of the Gordon Highlanders,  The country's kiss is yours, like here !  October 20th, 1807.  'Alluding to the story that the beautiful  Duchess of Gordon offered each man willing to  join her husbiud's new regiment a kiss and a  guinea.  ;   OLD-TIME    riUSON    LIFE.  a few  chairs, a  table and  change which  joes to. buy  a bed.  But there is one other  has, it must be admitted, done far more  to increase the physical comforts of the  poorest class than better food, higher  wages, finer clothes. Men are no  longer imprisoned for debt. No crime  known to the law brought so many to  the jails, and prisons as the crime of  debt, and the class most likely to get  into debt was the most defenceless and  dependent, the great body of servants,  of artizans, and of laborers, those, in  short, ;who depended on their daily  wages for their daily bread. One hundred years ago the laborer who fell  from ihe scaffold or lay sick of a fever  was sure to be seized by the sheriff the  moment he recovered, and be can ied to  jail for the bill of a few dollars which  had been run up during his illness at  the huckstre's or the tavern.  The face of the land was dotted with  prisons, where deeds of crueltv were  none in comparison with which the  foulest acts committed in the prison  hulks of the llevolunary war sink into  contemptible insignificance. For more  than 50 years after the pease there was  in Connecticut  AN   LTNDERGUOUNO  PRISON.  which surpassed in horrors the Black  Hole of Calcutta. This den, known as  the Newgate. Prison, was in an old  worked out copper mine in the hills,  near Granby. The only entrance to it  was by means of a ladder down a shaft  which led to the caverns underground.  There, in little pens of wood, from 30  to 100 culprits were immured, their  feet made fast to iron bars, and their  necks chained to beams in the roof.  The darkness was intense; the caves  reeked with filth; vermin abounded ;  water trickled from the roof and oozed  from the sides of the caverns; huge  masses of earth were perpetually falling off. In tlie dampness and the  filth the clothing of the prisoners grew  mouldv and rotted away, and their  limbs "became stiff with rheumatism.  The Newgate Prison was perhaps the  worst in the country, yet in every  county were jails such as would now  be thought unfit places of habitation  for the ivilest and most loathsome of  beasts. At Northampton the cells were  scarce four feet high, and filled with  the noxious gases of the privy vaults  through which they were supposed to  be ventilated Light came in through  two chinks in the wall. At the Worcester Prison were" a ��� number of like  cells, four feet high by eleven long,  without a window or a chimney,or even  a hole in the wall.  with\jall manner of skin diseases and a  vellow flesh cracking open with filth.  The death rate often stood as high as  sixty ni the thousand. As if such terrible toi/ments were not hard enough to  bear, others were added by the half-  maddened prisoners. No sooner did a  newcomer enter the door of a cell than  a rush was made for him by the inmates,  who stripped him of his clothing and  let him  STAND STARK NAKED,  till he was redeemed by what, in the  peculiar jargon of the place,was known  as drink money. It sometimes happened that the prisoners were in possession  of a carefully-preserved blanket. Then  this ceremony,  called garnishing, was  Eassed over fbr the yet more brutal one  lanketing. In spite of prayers and  entreaties, the miserable stranger was  bound, thrown into the blanket, and  tossed till he was half dead, and ready  to give his tormentors every superfluous garment to sell for money. With  the tolls thus exacted,liquor was bought,  a fiendish revel was held, and, when  bad rum and bad tobacco had done their  work, the few sober inmates of the cell  witnessed such scenes as would be  thought shocking in the dance houses  which cluster along the wharves of our  great seaboard towns.���From McMas-  ter's Historv of the U.S.  OUR   COUNTRY'S   KDIN.  A man who performed what would  now be called unskilled labor, who  sawed avoocI, who dug ditches, who  mended the roads, who mixed mortar,  who carried boards to the carpenter,  and bricks to the mason, or helped to  cut hay in the harvest time, usually received' (this was in the United States in  1774) as the fruit of his daily toil two  shillings. Sometimes when the laborers  were few he was paid more, and became the envy of his fellows, if at the  end of a week, he took, home to hie  family fifteen shillings, a sum now  greatly exceeded by four dollars. Yet,  all authorities agree that in 1784 the  hire of workmen was twice as great as  in 1774.  On such a pittance it was only by the  the strictest economy that a mechanic  KEPT    II1S   CHILDREN   PROM  STARVATION,  and himself from jail. In the low  and dingy rooms which he called his  home were wanting many articles of  adornment and of use now to be found  in the dwellings of the poorest of his  class. Sand sprinkled on the floor did  duty as a carpet. There was no glass  on his table, there was no china in his  cupboard, there were no prints on his  wall. What a stove iwas he did not  know ; coal he had never seen : matches  he had never heard of. Over a fire of  fragments of boxes and barrels, which  he lit with the sparks struck from a  flint, or with live coals brought from a  neighbor's hearth, his wife cooked up  a rude meal and served it in pewter  dishes. He rarely tasted fresh meat as  often as once a week, and paid for it a  much higher price than his posterity.  Everything, indeed, which ranked as  staple  NOT  A  RAY Ob'  LIGHT  ever penetrated them. In other jails  in Massachusetts the cells were so small  that the prisoners were, lodged in hammocks swung one over the other'.' In  Philadelphia the keeps were 18 feet by  20 feet, and so crowded that at night  each prisoner had a space six feet by  two to lie down in.  Into   such   pits   and    dungeons   all  classes   ofi! offenders of both sex were  indiscriminatelv thrust.    It   is,   therefore, not at   all surprising   that they  became seminaries  of every conceivable form of vice,  and centers of the  most disgusting diseases.    Prostitutes  plied their calling openly, in the presence of men and women of decent station, and guilty of no crime but   an  inability to pay "their debts.    Men confined as  witnesses were compelled to  mingle with the forger besmeared with  the filth of the dillory,  and  the   fornicator streaming with blood  from the  whipping post,  while here and there  among the throng were culprits whose  ears had just been cropped, or whose  arms,   fresh   from    the  branding-iron  emitted the stench of scorched flesh.  The entire system of punishment was  such as cannot be contemplated without mingled feelings of pity and disgust.  Offences   to   which   a   more   merciful  generation    has   attached   no   higher  penalty   than   imprisonment   and fine  stood upon the statute books as capital crimes.   Modes of punishment long  since driven from the prisons with execrations as worthy lof an African kraal  were  the*.    looke"d   upon   by   society  with   a   profound   indifference.     The  pillory   and   the    stocks   were   never  empty.  THE SHEARS, THE BRANDING- IRON,  and the lash, were never idle for a day.  In Philadelphia the wheel-barrow men  still went about the streets in gangs, or  i  of life was very costly. Corn  stood at three shilling- the.bushel,wheat  at eight and sixpence,an assize of bread  was fourpence, a pound of salt pork was  teupence. Manv other commodities  now to be seen on the tables of the poor  were, either quite unknown, or far beyond the reach of their scanty means.  If the food of an artizan would now  be thought coarse, his clothes would  be thought abominable. A pair of  yellow buckskin or leathern breeches,  a checked shirt, a red flannel jacket,  a rustv felt hat cocked up at the corners, shoes of neat's skin set off with  hu��-e buckles of brass, and a leathern  apron, comprised his scanty wardrobe.  The leather he smeared with grease to  keep it soft and flexible. His sons  followed in his footsteps, or were apprenticed to neighboring tradesmen.  His daughter went out to service. She  performed, indeed, all the duties at  present exacted from women of her  class; but with them were coupled  manv others rendered useless by the  great improvement that has since taken place in the conveniences of life.  She mended the clothes, she did the  ruffs she ran on errands from one end  of the town to the other, she milked  cows, made the butter, walked ten  blocks for a pail of water, spun the flax  for the family linen, and, when the year  was up, received  TEN POUNDS  FOR  HER  WAGES.  Yet, small as was her pay, she had, before bestowing herself in marriage on  the footman or gardner, laid away  in  her stocking enough guineas and  appeared with huge clogs and chains  hung to their necks. In .Delaware,  which to this hour treats her citizens  with the degrading scenes of the whipping post, twenty crimes were punished  with a loss of life. Burglary ancl rape,  sodomy and witch-craft, were among  them. In Massachusetts ten crimes  were declared by the. General Court to  be punishable with death. There the  man who, in a fit of anger or in a fit of  drunkenness, was heard cursing and  swearing, or spreading evil reports of  his neighbor, was firstset in stocks,and  then carried off to the whipping post  and soundly flogged. If, however, he  was so unfortunate as to be caught in  the arms of a prostitute, he was suffered to escape with a fine. In Rhode  Island, a perpetual mark of shame was,  for many offenses, judged to be the  most fitting punishment. There a  counterfeiter was punished with the  loss of a piece of liis ear, and distinguished from all other criminals by a  large "C deeply branded on his forehead. A wretch "so hardened as to be  recommitted was branded on the arm.  Keepers knew no other modes of silencing the ravings of a madman than  tying him up by the thumbs and flogging him till he' was too exhausted to  utter a groan.  The misery of the unfortunate creatures cooped' up in the ceils even of the  most humanly kept prisons surpasses  in horror anything ever recorded in  fiction.  XO  ATTENDANCE  WAS   PROVIDED FOR  THE SICK.  No clothes were distributed to the  naked. Such a thing as a bed was  rarely seen, and this soon became so  foul with insects that the owner dispensed with it gladly. Many of the inmates of the prisons passed years  without so much as washing themselves. Their hair grew long. Their  bodies w.ere covered with scabs and  lice, and emitted'a horrible stench.  Their clothing rotted from their backs  and   exposed   their   bodies tormented  A significant change has taken place  in the attitude of the two sides of the  forestry   question.    A  few years  ago  one side���the professional or theoretical  forestry people���generally looked upon  the   forest    owners   as   their   natural  enemies; while' the proprietors of timber tracts generally regarded  the forestry people as cranks or foes of their  interests.    Now it is not uncommon for  a lumberman or a lumber trade journal  to   discuss   forestry    topics    from   the  friendliest standpoint.    The attitude of  the forestry expert is pretty well shown  in an article in the New York Independent by C. A. Schenck.    Mr. Schenck is  chief forester   of   the   famous Biltmore  estate at Asheville, N.C.���the greatest  experiment   m   practical   forestry    in  America.  Mr. Schenck does not try to solve all  the forestry problems at once; but,  writing under the subject, "A Lesson  in Forestry," he points out some of the  current misconceptions as to forestry  and candidly shows why lumbermen  cannot be expected to do all that theoretical forestry exponents would have  them do.  Before taking up this phase of the  subject, however, Mr. Schenck calls  attention to the fact that every one who  owns woods or forests, whether it be an  ordinary "wood lot" or a great tract of  timber," is "doing forestry." He may  be "doing" it on wrong principles or on  no principles at all; but he cannot avoid  the responsibility.  Passing over lightly the subjects of  game forestry and landscape forestry,  which he rightly observes cut very little  figure in this country, as general problems, Mr. Schenck touches on pasture  forestry, in which every farmer should  be interested. The use of wood lands  for pasture he holds is the best method  of forestry if the land can be made to  pay best" in that way. But the fact  that such use shortens the life of the  trees should not be forgotten. A point  is reached where this loss is so great  as to make pasture forestry cease to be  remunerative. It is rather difficult to  convince the average farmer of this, but  Mr. Schenck believes that the fact will  some day be fully understood. "A  house father," he says, "is wise who  plants fruit trees : but wiser is he who  protects his forests from the habitual  mismanagement, for the benefit of his  children and grandchildren."  For the people who thoughtlessly destroy seedling trees, the writer.has this  to say: "Of course every one knows  that a seedling, although offering no  chance for immediate use or sale, has a  value just as a new-born colt has one,  although it cannot now be used. The  value of a seedling and the value of a  colt consists of the usefulness expected  from them after the lapse of some years,  which are few in the case of the colt  and many in the case of the seedling.  The value of the single seedling is  ridiculously low, say 100th of a cent.  However, there are millions of seedlings. If a single seedling is worth 1-100  of a cent, 1,000.000 seedling are worth  $100. The loss from their destruction  is almost invariably overlooked, as it is  not felt by the losing party at once."  Coming to the Americanism, "lumbering," Mr. Schenck has this to say:  The sentimental propaganda of botanists, gardeners and wood lovers has  succeeded in establishing a contrast  between forestry and lumbering. This  result can only be regretted as it has  no doubt hindered the development of  more conservative lumbering. In addition, the contrast is based on a misinterpretation. Not all forestry is  lumbering; but all lumbering is" forestry, if it brimrs >money into the own-  er's'pocket. Moreover," as long as the  destruction of the timber and wasteful  methods of lumbering pay best, they  continue to be the best forestry.  Let us, however, not misunderstand  the littls word "paying." Conservative  lumbering is taking only a limited  amount ot lumber out of the woods annually, is apt to furnish a small annuity  from'the capital invested, amounting to  not over four per cent of it ; for, even  under the best management, the value  of the timber increment of woodlands  is scarcely higher. Ihan four percent,  per year ���' trees grow slower than we  are apt to anticipate.  Rapid lumbering, by butchering any  trees which are tit for the saw, mav  yield 8110 for each $100 originally'invested in the forests. Which method  pays best everyone must answer for  himself. Mr. Smith prefers an annuity  of four per cent, to a more risky and  more temporary investment yielding  $100 for each "original S100, and Mr.  Miller's opinion is to the contrary. To  the latter class belong almost all American lumbermen, for some obvious  reasons:  First���Many of them are under financial obligations, for. which they pay  over four per cent, annual interest.  Second���Money in the safe is thought  to be safer from  destruction than trees  in the woods; and it is at the owner's  disposition for further speculations any  time.  Third���There is a chance of exti aor-  dinary high returns.  Fourth���The taxes on real estate and  the expenses for protecting second  growth are out of proportion to the  value of the annual timber increment  of woodlands.  These circumstances, Mr. Schenck  says, and perhaps others, have compelled owners of timber to butcher the  forests. The conditions prevailing- in  the United States, as a general thing,  do not admit of any alternative.  He goes on to argue that wherever  I standing trees havea value, as set forth  i above.   It may be a very small value,  I but still it exists.   And, under these  j conditions, a chance is offered to make  the raising of these seedlings remunera-  ! tive.   But ,it   is only a chance, badly  I hampered by lack of protection against  fire and other depredators and by heavy-  taxes on real estate.    "Eliminate these  two drawbacks," says the writer, "and  the wood owner will no more hesitate  to raise a second crop while harvesting  the original   stand   of timber,  simply  because it will pay him best.   As long-  as they are not eliminated, the destruc  tion of our forests will continue, to the  disadvantage,  if not to the ruin, of the  country."  The "ruin" of the country Mr.Schenck  considers as no idle tale. He points to  Mesopotamia.1 Egypt, Syria and Spain  as countries ruined by the denudation  of their forests. The United States, he  thinks, will be ruined quicker on account of its extremes of climatic conditions. But this state of affairs cannot  be remedied by howling with the chorus  of scientific or esthetic congregations,  "Woodman, spare that tree." Sentimental enthusiasm will never save the  forests.  "The only way to secure proper forests," says' Mr. "Schenck, "is to secure  proper forest legislation ; laws which,  instead of compelling the owner to keep  up his forests, malce it remunerative  for him to do so; laws eliminating the  great obstacles against permanent forestry, which are forest fires and high  taxes on  second growth  timber hind.  OTEL SANDON,  ^'^^^7^7^  Sandon, B.C.  nrUlS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped  to  accommodate a large  number of Guests.      The building is plastered  i. "  and the rooms are  unsurpassed  for comfort in  the Slocan, while in  the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunnng, Proprietor.  The Clifton House,  Sandon.  Hfwample accommodations for a large number of people.    The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room i.s provided with everything in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Traveler*.  John Buckle}', Prop.  The  Arlington Hotel  Carpets, floor cloth, rugs, mats, curtains. Bedroom sets in ash and oak.  Largest stock in Slocan-Kootenay.  CROWLEY, above Ledge Office, New  Denver. Freight paid to all Lake Points  and Sandon.  The latest novelties in "Ladies Capes,  Jackets, Dress Goods and Millinery, at  Mrs. Merklev.  Baby carriages, fancy upholstery and  furniture at Crowley's."  In Slocan Gity -���������-���--  Is an ideal home for the weary traveler.  It is conducted in a manner befitting the  approach of the 20th century, which is  the latest way of saying up-to-date.  Gethi&g & Henderson.  THE  SELKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts ol  this hotel.  BRANDON & BARRETT  k ���%��� -*&��� -������&. >%, ��%.,��� f  ���*%. ���*���&. -^ ���*%. ���"**** ���*%.  �����  -^ -%��� -%-  -*&-  -^v ���**  ���  ^  <%   ^  ��*���  ��v  -%,  <��.  ^  ������%,  <%.  mm  are  "%'    **&���    "V  ^  ������%���   -%���  Y   ^    ���%���    "V  j   *%..*%���   -***���  :-*t>^^>      *^v-      '^^^      -^^f  j   -%���  *v   ���%���  |     ^     ���%>     *%.  i***^- "^^ ^^* *^^*  I The assessment is $2 in dust.  i Nuggets, or anything of Commercial value  If you  take a  you.  journey  seekers.  going to  the Klondike  copy of THE LEDGE with  It will cheer you  to   that   mecca  on the  of gold  _ .',r:.Vttl^-,***~^-,.-r,v^7^  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  SILVERTON, B. C.  ona  L  arge  And  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Is the leading hotel ofthe  city, and headquarters for  Mining and Commercial men.  The house is new, the rooms  all plastered, and the furniture in use is of the latest  ^*^S3^SS3       and most serviceable patterns  The service in the Dining room is the best that can be  i rovided. The bar is replete with, the best wines, liquors  and Cigars. JAMES   BOWES.  kj ���   IjU  innon &  GReral Merchants  Having placed some new machinery  in our Mill, we are prepared to fur  nish all kinds of routfli and dressed  Lumber  and Shingles  I                                I'KICE LIST:  I Routrli Lumber, narrow, S10 o<J  I       ������            "           wide. 311'00 to   12  ..  i Joisl and Seanlliiif- sized up to  |        is feet liinir. 11 ������  j s'toiM ' 1-' ..  i i\ 'to.-io ' 13 ..  Flooring, T & G.ii " -'0 .  "                ���'      4 " 'I'l  V j. intCciliiiff, ����� J.-' ������  "Kustie. 1!' ..  Khiplap, II  ������  Surfaced Dresser1. !���'�� ������  A liberal  discount on larire orders for Cash.  PETER GENELLE & Co  Silverton, B. C.  Ship goods to any part of the District.       Their store is the  largest  in  the Slocan country  Dealers in  ardware,   Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Patty, Doors & Windows. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 2, 1897.  Fifth Yeab,  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T.  LOYVERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months   ; leprosy cares not either for cleanli-  | ness or filth, but is ever on the alert  ! to obtain an entrance through broken  'skin or mucus. Leprosy may be  j firmly planted in the system tor sev-  s .75 i. era I    years    without,   giving   such  Twelve '���'      ;*'"'*''"'*.';'"'"/!'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. ...oo i marked external signs as would give  thkkkykaks,..  ���"'���w j ground for suspicion,   and yet be ein-  Transient Advertising, 25 cents i>er hue lust in J .  .sertion, 10 Msnta i>er line subsequent   insertions j Hiently COntageoUS.  nonpareil measurement. ^   ~��� :    Under the  McKinlev administra-  TO CONTRIBUTORS. :   .       ���u     rT   -.   j   o.   .      "      ,.��� i   j   u*.  ,.,   ��� tion the United States national debt  Cmv-spoiidenc-e from every part of the Kootenay <  District and  communications   upon   live tonics j IS piling up  111   great   shape.     In the  always acceptable.    Write on both sides of the ' Jast    four    months    the   expenditures  paper if you wish.   Always send something good ; ��ave exceeded   tbe   receipfcs by p8, -  1000,000 or at  the rate ol more than  $114,000,000 a year.    This is $42,-  ��io mutter how crude.   Get your copy in while it J  is hot. and we will do the rest  THURSDAY   DECEMBER 2.   1897.  OFFICIAL     HONfOK.  000,000 more than the worst year  since the civil war. With the pro-  i posed policy of grabbing outlaying  Last week we had occasion to j kingdoms, such as Hawaii, and the  comment on the policy of our public I consequent need of keeping a larger  men lending their names to further j army and navy to overawe the na-  schemes of doubtful probity. Certain ! tlves and scare off the rest of the  of the coast newspapers have taken I w��rld> national bankruptcy should  us to task for venturing to insinuate jnofc ^e 'ar off.  that the members of the Provincial  cabinet could be influenced by any  motive that is not pure and patriotic  in lending their names to Klondike  prospectuses, which every mining  man would place in the catagory of  spurious schemes.  We would be foremost iu defending  the fame of our public men irrespective of party, but when our representative men besmirch the fair  name of the Province we are up in  arms.  In proof of how the British press  regard the matter we have the London Times stating that "men in their  position are establishing a bad precedent when they allow their names  to be connected with undertakings of  this class, however sound they may  be." The Pall Mall Gazette quotes  the Times and agrees with the sentiments it expresses and the Westminster Gazette thinks that "premiers  and promoters are sinking from bad  to worse." The Daily Chronicle, a  leading journal says: "The sooner  the Prime Minister of British Colum-j  bia retires from politics and devotes  himself entirely to finance the better  will it be for the colony and the companies in which he is interested. We  think the capital of this last concern,  (The Dawson City (Klondike) and  Dominion Trading Corporation, Ltd.,)  viz. ��600,000, including 6,000 objectionable shares of ��2 each, is absurd  ly large. We strongly advise investors and speculators to leave this  company alone."  No one knows better than the Premier of this Province that the people  of British Columbia frown on everything tending to create such monopolies of the sources of wealth and  production as he is here openly fostering.    NOTKS    OF    THE    WICKK.  By Cosmo.  . The City of St. Louis has an up-to-  date mayor who, among other civic  innovations, has opened a matrimonial bureau at the city hall where  correspondents of either sex can angle  for partners. The ladies thereupon,  regarding him as an advanced  champion of woman's rights, waited  upon him by delegation to urge the  appointment of female street inspectors, but the mayor informed them  that there were 10,000 eligible young  men in the city who had not married  because they failed to find the old-  fashioned kind of woman who pre-  lerred housekeeping to aping men in  manners and dress in addition to trying to supplant them inoccupations.  The Vancouver World publishes a  long letter from the executive agent  of the C. P. R. to the city council, requesting exemption from taxation for  buildings proposed to be erected for a  passenger station and warehouses.  The World publishes cuts ofthe proposed structures which are said to be  in the Queen Anne style of architecture and are fully in keeping with  that monument of external ugliness,  the company's hotel Vancouver. The  architectural illustrations in the  World resemble a compound of a decayed grist-mill with bits of the bas-  tile and the tower of London added.  The visit of the Canadian commission to Washington is extremely likely to be barren of good results. Even  it the President and cabinet were disposed to touch the olive branch held  out by Canada, there is undoubtedly  a hostile congress. In proof of this  we have the memorable vetoing of  the objectionable alien labor law by  President Cleveland and the overwhelming vote by which Congress  passed it over his head. There is  nothing easier than to copy our cousins, who want to be ugly all the  time and wont "play in our yard"  except to pick up what good gold  there is in it. Common sense suggests that as our hitherto magnificent  generosity is unappreciated we should  adopt a policy at once, more Canadian  and patriotic.  The Orient will be the initial stage  of the next great war drama and the  actors are getting ready. Common  consent gives the part of the heavy  villian to Russia, with autocratic  Germany as an understudy. How  Great Britain will be supported is at  present a matter of conjecture. It  appears probable that the curtain  will soon be rung up.  Has an  Immense  Stock: of ........  RE* DY-MADE  CLOTHING,  BOOTS & SHOES  No necessity for  freezing to death  if you have a few  dollars to invest in  this kind of stock.  Call in,  The prices will astonish you.  ��� ���������*������ *��������� **��� ���**��� ����������*�����������>* *--���-n  aek of MoetreaL  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund   :    :     6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40  Sir'Donald A. Smith, G.C.M.G. President.  ' Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E.S.Clouston, General Manager,  A. Macnider, Chief Inspector & Supt. of Branches.  A. B. Buchanan, Inspector of Branch returns.  ' W. S. Clouston,  Assistant Inspector.  James Aird, Secretary.  Branches ia all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  A general banking business transacted.  [  I Jllfl^VW  rwl  999999Wi90999t999999ft9t9i  THE  COLUMBIA  HOUSE  We produce an article on the front  page from the Toronto Telegram that  should be read by all those who sympathise with this unfortunate Province  CARIBOO    CBEKK.  (Our Own Correspondent;  Ore is being sacked at the. Chieftain.  The saw mill is steadily in operation.  Burton City lias been a lively camp  tnis fall.  Joe Burbee will open his hotel when  the furniture arrives.  Eight men are working on the Silver  Queen and seven at the Golden Hoop.  James Brady is working the Promes-  tora. He has an option on it which  expires in the spring.  Bourne Bros, have found their store  too small for their growing* business,  and have ordered the lumber for a new  and larger building.  J. Cf. Devlin says that his company  will do ��2,00U worth of work on the  placer ground recently leased by them  from the Government.'  NEW   DENVER,   B C.  Rooms and  Board.  Rates Reasonable.  This House is plastered  and is one of the most com-  fortable in the Slocan.  Everything new and first-  class.  N. C. DINGMAN.-  QG&99&Q&����Q��������eQ&99  I  l  l  '  (  (  (  l  (  I  I  <  <  ii  <  (  I  (  (  (  <  i  (  (  .fJOWARD WEST,  Assoc. RSM, London, Eng  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties   examined   and   reported on for  m  tending purchasers.  Assay office and Chemical Laboratory, Belle-  vueave. New Denver. B C.  A     DRISCOLL, C. E.,  I ominion & Provincial  Lard Surveyor.  Slocan City. B.C  D  It. A.S. MARS'V^L.  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago  W. S. Due wry  Kaslo, B.C.  H. T. Twigg  New Denver, B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineer*;.  ford. McNeil Code.  SItVKRTON.  [From Our Regular Correspondent.]  The Silverton Court of the I.O.F. purpose ���holding a ball here on New Year's  Eve. The large hall of the Bremner  Block has been engaged and the affair  promises to be a big success. The committee in charge are J. M. Bennedum,  H. D. Cameron, A. Woods, R. O. Mathe-  son, chairman, and J. I. Mcintosh.  H. J. Matheson and Thos. Coe left  here Tuesday to resume work on the  Ma Mere. They will build a cabin and  push on development work all winter.  The idea of having a Xmas. tree and  a live Santa Claus for the juvenile Sil-  vertonians has been taken up by some  of the citizens and the children are  looking forward to the holiday.  A   SLOCAN    EXHIBIT.  Goods  Arriving daily at  Knox Bros., in the  shape of���  Watches,  Diamonds,  Sterling Silver Novelties,  Celuloid Goods,  Clocks,  Jewelry, Etc.  Leave your orders  early for special  designs of Jewelry  QM. WOODWORTH, M.A., LL,B.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCER, Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTATE  Slocan City, B.C.  C. S. RASHDALL.  Notary Public.  A. K. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MIKING INTERESTS BOUGHT,  SOLD   and BONDED   INVITED   Complete list*! of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  H. T. BRAGDON,  New Denver, B.C.  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I curry one of the largest  and best assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Kootenay,  and shall be pleased to quote  prices upon anything- required  ii! my line.  aasesEzxr,  nam  asen  flOTELiS OF KOOTEflflY  SLOCAN HOTEL,  New Denver, H. Stege  ST. JAMES.  New Denver, Anerignon Bros.  WINDSOR RESTAURANT.  New Denver, A. Jacobson & Co.  THE FILBERT.  Sandon,  HOTEL  SANDON.  Sandon,  R. Canning  ���BBS]  hri  .tmraa.  tit  Of  Elegant,    Useful   Furniture.  Twenty styles of pretty  Chairs.  THE CLIFTON HOUSE,  Sandon, John Buckley  F.LOCASTO,  New Denver.  TOBACCONIST,  NEWSDEALER,  and STATIONER,  Imported and Domestic Cigars, To-  baccoes, Fruits and Confectionery.  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  HOTEL WELLINGTON,  Three Forks, J. S Reeder  ASSAVE^S OF B- G.  i VV. H. Lynch is desirous of obtaining  specimens of Slocan ore to place on exhibition at his office in London. Specimens left ;it Byers' store in Sandon will  receive proper attention. As the placing of specimens of Slocan ore on  exhibition in the greatest city in the  world will be of great benefit to this  country mine owners should assist Mr.  LynclTas much as possible in the gathering- of the exhibit.  To Prospectors  and Claim Owners  Mining Properties of  all kinds waiited for  English market.  Si:ii(I full particulars to  HOWARD WEST,  New Denver.  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  FRANK  Slocan City.  DICK,  J��. E. PALMER, C.E.  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE SURVEYOR.  Ladies'  in Cane, Reed Work and  Upholstered in French  Silk Brocatelle, Plush and Damask: ornaments for  anv Drawing Room��� a  each.  Handsome  and acceptable presents in Ladies' Secretaries, Bookshelves, Fancy Polished Tables at  $1.00 each.  I have too much stock for the times,  and am reducing prices to cost of  freight and handling. Another  large car has just arrived tor me  and is now unloading at Denver  siding.  Stock too heavy;  Prices to Zero.  Fifty dozen Al chairs at 60 cents each.  Fifty patterns of silk and other  covers with trimmings for sale by the yard  D. M. Crowley,  Thirty years' practical Upholsterer.  Near the Ledge office, New Denver.  <fissa  BlBHUMt  Bh.  Mining Broker  KICHAKD   I'LEWMAN  T. O. Box 750,  Rossland, B.  The 400 of New Fork have just;  made the startling discovery that j  there are four lepers very close to j  them, which fact is creating quite a j  flutter, and a  newspaper controversy '  A    CKKDITABLK    SHOWING  A fire broke out in  don last   Friday  time the fire  company  the  town.  DKOWXEI).  heart of San-  .    In a short  had it confined  to the one building and extinguished.  ���  ,      ,       . , This speaks'volumcs  for the efficiency  as to the contageousness of that dread ; of fchc brigade and the excellent water  disease. Having spent many years ; system .V. M. Harris has provided tlie  in countries where leprosy is ever  present I can state that leprosy is eminently contageous, and in this Province where we have so many Chinese  who are pre-eminently the conservators and propagators of the dread  disease, it is well to have a wholsome  fear of leprosy. A healthy person  may contract by drinking out of a  cup after a  leper.     The bacillus of  Alfred Peterson, who had been on a ]  drunk at Slocan City for several days, !  was found in the lake in front of that  town Saturday evening. His body was  floating- when' found, "although half an  hour previous to this Peterson was seen  in a saloon.  An immense stock of holiday toys can  be seen at Bourne Bros.  First-class  brick on hand  and shipped  to any part of  the   country.  GrOETTSCHE & MAGNTJSON,PropS  P.O. Box 214.  Sandon, B.C  G  WILLIM & JOHNSON.  (McGill)  THE SILVERTON MINER'S UNION  1 No. 71,  *w. f. :m.  Mccirt ���.���wry Saturday ni^ht.  C.   McN'IOHOLLS.    President  OH AS.   HRAXD, Sueri'tary.  Furnish elegantly and cheap, Parlor  sets in rugs and plush. New designs in  fancy chairs, couches, etc. At lowest  prices at Crowley's New Denver. Endless variety of Pillows, Beds and Mattresses.  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Ohemists.  ylocan  City.   B O  L  EFE   INSURANCE.  I have received  my stock of.  The Ontario Mutual of Watreloo, Ont  offer.-; n popular policy at moderate rates.  Protection for your family.  Provision for your own old age  And a profitable investment.  The Ontario Mutual Life���27th year.  Assets ��3,401,908.  Full information by application to  W. D. MITCHELL, Agent,    New Denver, B.C  F.  G,  FAUQUIER,  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Xukusp. B.C.  Biandon, B. C,  Assay Price List  Gold, Silver, or Lead, each   Gold, Silver and Lead, combined   Gold and Silver   Silver and Lead.  and invite  the people  of the Slocan to  call in and inspect them.  M. A. WILSON,  The rftliable Slocan Tailor,  WilliiimKon Block. New Dourer, B.C  Copper (by Electrolysis)   Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead   Gold and Copper   Silver and Copper   Gold. Silver and Copper    Platinum   Mercury   Iron or Manganese   Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each   Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each   Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and percentage of Coke, if Coking  Coal)  .  Tonus: '.Cash With Sample.  June 20th. 1805.  M..50  3 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  4 00  2 50  2 50  5 00  5 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  4 00  4 (1  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  Chas. A. Stoess,  Asaoc. M. Inst. C. E. M. Can. Soe. C. E.  CIVIL ENGINEER.  Provincial Land Surveyor.   Mining Surveying-  Kaslo, B. O. Fifth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 2, 1897.  D  A. ufv^Ty Carpp  Trail, Nov. 24���Few places in British  Columbia from a commercial standpoint  are so interesting as Trail. Here the  fruits of the miner's industry and enterprise are apparent. There is the cosy,  well-built town by the banks of the  Columbia,and there is the big smelter on  the hill, a very hive of industry, and  there are the trains incessantly scurrying to and fro.  Few people   know   that  Rossland is  producing gold at the rate of $3,500,000 a  year; that it produces about $550,000 in  copper, and about ��160,000 is Bilver. The  smelter at Trail handles this entire product and   is   prepared   to handle three  times the amount, but the truth is that  the smelter at Trail has a capacity away  ahead of the producing power of Rossland.   This is a fact which is worthy of  the consideration   of   those   who   talk  about new smelters at Robson and elsewhere.   When the Northport Bmelter is  in   running   order there will not be half  enough turned out of the Rossland camp  to   supply   both,   and   unless some big  developments   take    place    the    Trail  smelter must close down for lack of ore.  There has been  an endless amount of  humbug spoken and written  about the  possibility of smelting Rossland ores at  half   the   present   cost.     The   cost   of  smelting Rossland ores can be reduced  25 per cent, when  coke is delivered here  at $5 per ton, and   when the  Boundary  and Slocan ores can be  treated jointly  with Rossland ores, but a greater saving  than   25   per  cent,   cannot possibly be  effected unless workmen  and   railroads  do business for nothing. In other words,  mining men who expect to make money  or to pay expenses out of $10 Rossland  ore are going to be sadly disappointed,  until some   process   is    discovered   for  treating such ore chemically; that is by  some   process   similiar   to   the cyanide  process.  At present the outlook at Rossland is  more hopeful. The War Eagle is in excellent shape and couid ship 100 tons of  ore pei day ; the Centre Star is shipping  some ore of high grade every week and  could send more if so desired; the Le  Roi averages about 200 tons per day and  this will be increased; the Poorman is  shipping and so is the Iron "Mask and  there are others.  NOT   PKOPERLY  nKVEL01��ED  The Cliff, the Centre  Star, the Evening Star and the Great Western have all  big bodies of good shipping ore, but not  a single one of these properties has been  developed   to  obtain   the  best results.  Again and again it has been pointed out  by geologists   and  experts   that depth  must be obtained in Rossland mines to  get at the regular ore bodies and at the  true values.   The Le Roi was the despair  of its owners   until   a depth of 400 feet  was  reached,   and   the   old War Eagle  company sold out in a panic before they  had reached a depth of 200 feet.    At the  present depth both are bonanzas. There  has been an immense amount  of  work  done on the Centre  Star and a depth of  about 400 feet has  been  obtained.   The  Great Western promises to be one of the  great   mines   of   the   camp, but in two  years the owners have  not spent  $5,000  on it.    The Evening  Star, another mine  of excellent ore, is being  now developed  properly for the first time in its history,  and   the  Sunset,   the   Deer  Park,   the  Monte   Cristo,   the   Iron   Colt and the  Colon na are  all being worked to advantage-  There   are   a  dozen   very  promising  properties in  Rossland closed down  for  lack of working capital.     Their treasury  stock is either exhausted or   unsaleable,  and the condition of things is  retarding  Rossland's growth considerably.  The owners of the West Le Roi and  Josie have not done a stroke of work on  these claims for over a year, and yet  they last week absolutely refused to take  $150,000 for the property. The Home-  stake, the Lee, the Maid of Erin, and  the Gopher have all been transferred to  London capitalists, but no work is being  done, and people here are feeling sore  about it. .Negotiations are pending for  the sale of the Commander, the Josie,  the Nest Egg, the Rossland Red Mountain and several other claims to English  capitalists, but. these negotiations proceed slowly.  There are numerous claims in Rossland, owned by joint stock companies,  which are of the wildcat order. They  have not now, and never did have, any  intrinsic value in themselves. The mineral was so base that its commercial  value was nil, or there was no mineral  at all. It was the foisting of such  worthless stuff on the public that really  prevented the purchase of the treasury  stock of really excellent ventures.  hibitory. Of course, this may be all due  to the fact that the Canadian Pacific is  resolved, according to rumor, to drive  Heinze out of the railroad business in  British Columbia. Heinze entered the  country, expended a couple of million in  demonstrating the wealth and possibilities of Kootenay, and now that this is  known the Canadian Pacific is resolved  to reap the golden harvest which others  have sown.  ��.  RAILROAD   MONOPOLY   NOT  RELISHED.  The establishment of a virtual railroad  monopoly in the Kootenays, hewever, is  not at all relished by the people of Kootenay and Boundary.   It could hardly be  a desirable thing from any standpoint,  industrial or political, and if it be effected it is liable to have dire and far reaching results.   Half   the   trouble   in   the  Transvaal comes  from  a  railroad monopoly which bleeds the mining industry,  and Canadians should see to it that no  such monopoly he established here.    It  is the duty of the Dominion government  to Bee to it that the Canadian   Pacific is  not permitted to freeze out others that  it may rule and run at its own sweet  will.     It   is   absolutely   essential   that  smelters be protected by competition or  ownership from oppressive railroad rates.  The smelter   at   Nelson is protected by  competition,  the   smelter  at Northport  by contract and competition too, but a  smelter at Trail   or Robson   would   be  completely at the mercy of the Canadian  Pacific, and the  Canadian Pacific is run  in the interests of European stock and  bond holders, and not in the interest of  smelter or mine owners uf tbe province  of British Columbia.   All this is worthy  of   most   serious    consideration.     The  question   arises   at  once   whether   the  Robson-Penticton road shall fall into the  hands of the Canadian Pacific,or whether  Heinze will be permitted to extend his  Columbia & Western thither. The latter  course   would   be   by   far the best.   It  would be best for the miner,   farmers  and manufacturers, but   rumor   has   it  that the Canadian  Pacific will not have  it so; that they   want   all that country  for themselves and they are resolved to  have it.  NOT   A   WISE    POLICY.  I vessels on the Pacific Coast to land their  i fish from the deep sea at Canadian ports  ! and have them exported in bond to the  i United States.  i The ceremony of swearing in the new  j Lieutenant-Governor took place at Gov-  j ernment House, Toronto, on Thursday,  J in the presence of Lord Aberdeen, Sir  I Geo.  Kirkpatrick,  Premier  Hardy and  other   members   of    the   Government.  After   the   necessary   oaths   had  been  taken, Mr. David Mills was  sworn in as  Minister of Justice.  The Royal Canadian Yacht Club inaugurated the social season in Toronto  by a brilliant ball, which took place on  Friday night in the Pavilion. The  presence of the Governor-General and  Lady Aberdeen lent an additional tone  to the brilliant function, which has  never been surpassed in the memory of  Toronto ball-goers.  A Canadian Club has been organized  in Toronto, the object of which are to  encourage and instil a self-reliant, loyal  Canadian citizenship and to promote  Canadian literature, art and science.  Mr. J. A. Cooper, the editor of {he Canadian Magazine, has been appointed  president of the Club.  Bourne Bros, have received a direct  importation of Japanese Silk and  novelties. Many articles of Japanese  art are suitable for Xmas. presents.  "The New Klondike" is the name  given to the recently discovered gold district in North-Western Ohtario, east of  Wabigoon. Mr. J. A. Bow, Inspector of  Mines, says that the rock of the country  is felsite and it is the only instance he  has ever met with, in which veins of  quartz have been found in felsite. From  appearances, Air. Bow thinks the district will prove to be the richest in the  couutry.  Everything- necessary in the making  of Xmas. cakes and pies can be purchased at Bourne Bros.  Increase Your Business and Make Money  Full Prices.    Correct Selection  ^Y^:Y'YfiY*^"\^YV':li;-lv'':'  m��Mt^p\^iMM**M^w^aBBtaai  Hk ;aiwMBBK*i,tM8te8?<388Mi  n^��^*^^nHn^nE'^Tw^9  9BRC.' t&&��- *- '��� ~-<*Jlll-^&MSiPaB*K***fiE/J  EfHMk"*fSJfti?- ���* .<*"T*E*(Mlw^   ^^?*3l  SPfHraKL^jBi*  W��r- wirtkJMtaamKmBK&tMMMlamw^aaL �����  HANDLING  Hides, Pelts, Wool,  TALLOW, GINSENG, SENECA.  Write for Circular giving Latest Market Prices  Ropes and Tags Furnished Free  i&fm&r^iiiUiSmfN&Bat^  Mm  HBir  WW  IMMEDIATE REMITTANCES.  jas. mgmillan & co.,  NO COMMISSION CHARGED.  200-21 2 FIRST AVE. NORTH.  Inc.        MnNEAPOLIS,   MlNN.  Rosebery  The northern connecting point of  the C. P. R. on Slocan Lake.  Rosebery  Has the only  Slocan City.'  safe harbor north of  1 do not thfnk it a wise policy to tiw  to drive a most capable and enterprising  man like F. Aug. Heinze out of any  country. In the early days of Rossland,  when freight and treatment charges  were from $14.50 upward, long continued efforts were made to induce smelting  men to take hold of thesmeltingof Rossland ores. The Kansas City Smelting &  Refining Company had long investigations made, and abandoned the project  of smelting Rossland ores on the same  terms which Mr. Heinze subsequently  contracted for. By the aid of some of  the best metallurgists Heinze succeeded  in successfully treating Rossland ores,  but this was accomplished through prolonged and most costly investigation.  The Trail smelter could be ready in 90  days to handle all the possible product  of Rossland and Boundry. The plant  here can extract and refine the gold, and  when the Boundary railroad is built, the  Trail Smelting & Refining plant is cup-  able of turning out ^12,000,000 in gold  burs every year, but neither Mr. Heinze  nor any other man can operate successfully in competition with American  smelters, if a railroad monopoly squeezes  out of the industry just as much as it  will stand.  THE   BOUNDARY   COUNTKV.  1 have endeavored to picture the  Boundary country as it really is; a rich  agricultural, mining, pastoral and timber country. The valley of the Kettle  river will produce more gold and copper  than any like area yet discovered on the  American continent. There is room and  opportunity in that country for a population of 250,000 people. The natural  outlet of the country is through the  States. Its trading centre is not "Vancouver or Toronto; it is Spokane. D. C.  Corbin will tap that country before a  year is passed, and the Great "Northern  and Northern Pacific are planning to get  there also and they can build a railway  to Boundary for half the cost of the  Robson-Penticton road.  PRIVATE BILLS.  Kxcnrpt from Ktiles and Order* Relating  to Private Bills.  a:  EAST CANADIAN NEWS.  HIG   UOOIKS   UUT   SMALL   VALUES.  In some mines developments have, demonstrated that the ore won't pay to  mine at the present prices. The St.  Elmo, for instance, has an immense ore  body that will average about $10, which  at present prices is no more valuable  than fireclay. The Columbia & Kootenay  is in a similar condition. It has a vast  ore body, but the cost of production exceeds the value of the product. "What  Rossland wants is capital to develop and  prospect; to locate the ore chimneys and  the bodies of pay ore. It wants more  men like Messrs* Gooderham and Black-  stock, and in time it will get them, but  meanwhile what is the use of talking  about building smelters when the ore  production is not sufficient for the capacity of the Trail smelter alone.  I am assured by the management of  the Trail smelter that they will be prepared to treat and smelt and refine the  whole output of Slocan, Trail and Rossland, whenever railroad connection is  completed with Boundary, and when  thev can secure a reasonable freight rate  from the Canadian Pacific for Slocan  ores. I have frequently pointed out  that successful smelting and economic  treatment can best be obtained by jointly treating the ores of Boundary, Trod  and Slocan. I should like to drive home  the tmth of this statement to all interested in the development of this g/eat  country. I should like to see its full  significance grasped by Canadian? and  Americans alike. I should like, moreover, that Canadians should know that  the Canadian Pacific railroad absolutely  refuses to furnish Slociin ores to the  Trail smelter, or what amounts to the  same thing, it demands 'a tarifr which is  grossly unreasonable and absolutely pro-  Brantford is talking about building a  new opera house, the cost of which will  amount to $50,000.  Fred Elliott, who shot his brother at  their home in Bayfield, Ont., has been  committed for trial on the charge of  manslaughter.  Twelve young Englishmen, all wearing  sombreros and carrying numerous  weapons, have arrived at Montreal en  route to the Klondike.  Mr. George Goodwin, who is the  financial backer of the Knapp Roller  Boat, says that the boat will not be  given another trial this year.  The Customs Department at Ottawa  received this week $20,000, as duties  collected upon miners' outfits at the  port of Lake Tagish, on the trail above  the White and Chilcoot passes.  Major S. J. A. Denison, of the Royal  Canadian Infantry, and Mr. C. S. Mc-  Innes, of the 10th Royal Grenadiers,  have received appointments as honorary  aides-de-camp to Lord Aberdeen.  Messrs." Crossley and Hunter, the  evangelists, have issued an appeal to the  Christian church of Ontario, for help to  rebuild the churches in Windsor, N. S.,  which were destroyed by the recent  dreadful fires in that city.  The twin daughters of Mr. Chris.  Cross, of Toronto, were found dead in  bed on Wednesday morning. Their  death was caused by the escaping gas  from a coal stove. Other members of  the family had a very narrow escape  from asphyxiation.  Mr. Oliver A. Howland, the South  Toronto member of the Ontario Legislature, has consented to become the  Conservative candidate at the coming  bye-election for the Dominion house for  Center Toronto, which seat_ has been  made vacant by the resignation of Wm.  Lount, Q. C.  The Cabinet at Ottawa has made an  important concession to American tish-  iiig-vessle.**. by passing an order-in-coun-  cil. giving   permission   to   the  aforesaid  Rule 69  L.L   APPLICATION'S   for    Private    Bills.       >roperly tlie subject of legislation by the  Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, within  the purview ofthe "British North America Act,  1867. whether for the erection of a bridge, the  making of a railway, tramway, turnpike road, or  telegraph or telephone line; the construction or  improvement of a harbour, canal, lock, dam,  slide or other like work; the granting of a right  of f.-rry; the incorporation of any particular trade  or calling, or of any joint stock company; or  otherwise for granting to any individual or individuals any exclusive or peculiar rights or privileges whatever, or for doing any matter or thing  which in its operation would affect the rights or  proi>erty of other parties, or relate to any particular class of Uie community, or for making  any amendment of a like nature to any former  Act,���shall require a notice, clearly and distinctly  specifying the nature and object of the application  and, where the application refers to any proposed  work, indicating generally the location of the  work, and signed by orou behalf of the applicants;  such notice to be published as follows:���  In the British Columbia Gazette, and in one  newspaper published in the district affected, or if  there be no newspaper published therein, then in  a newspaper in the next nearest district in which  a newspaper is published.  Such notice shall be continued in each case for  ,-i period of al Ir.nst six weeks, during the interval  ul time between 1lie close of the next preceding  session and the ci/iisider.'.tioii ofthe petition, and  copies of such notice .-.hall be sent by the parties  inserting such notice to the Clerk of the Mouse to  lie tiled amongst ilie records of the Committee on  Standing Orders.  57. No petition for any Private Bill shall be  received by the House after the first ten davs of  each Session, nor may any Private Bill be"presented to the House after the tirst three weeks of  each Session, nor may any Report of any Standing or Select Committee 'upon a Private Bill be  received after the first four weeks of each session,  and no motion for the suspension or modification  of this Rule shall be entertained by the House until the same has been reported on by the Committee on Standing Orders, or after reference  made thereof at a previous sitting of the House to  the Standing Committees charged with consideration ol Private Bills, who shall report  thereon to the House. And if this Rule shaft be  suspended or modified as aforesaid the promoters  of any Private Bill which is presented after the  time hereinbefore limited, or for which the petition has been received after the time hereinbefore  limited, shall in either ease pay double the fees  required as herein mentioned, miles- the House  shall order to the contrary. Any person seeking  to obtain any Private Bilf shall deposit with the  Clerk of the House, eight days before the opening of the Session, a printed  copy of such Bill, a copv of the petition  to be presented to the House, together with  the notices published. At the time of depositing the Bill the applicant shall also  pay to the Clerk of tlie House a sum  of" three hundred dollars. If a copy  of the Bill, petition and notices shall not  have been so deposited in the hands of the Clerk  of the House at least eight days before the opening of the session, and if the petition has not been  presented within the first ten days of the session,  the amount to be paid to the Clerk shall be six  hundred dollars. If the bill shall not pass second  reading one-half of the fees paid shall be returned.  GO. Before any petition,, praying for leave to  bring in a Private Bill for the erection of a toll  bridge, is received by the House, the person or  persons intending to petition for such Bill shall,  upon giving the notice prescribed by rule 59, also  at the same time and in the same manner, give  notice of the rates which they intend to ask. the  extent of the privilege, the height of the arches,  the interval between the abutments or piers for  the passage of rafts and vessels, and mentioning  also whether they intend to erect a draw-bridge  or not, and the dimensions of the same.  61. All Private Bills for Acts of Incorporation  shall be so framed as to Incorporate by reference  the clauses of the General Acts relating to the details to be provided for by such Bills:���Special  grounds shall be established for any proposed de  purturc from this principle, or for the introduction of other provisions as to such dc  tails, and a note shall be appended to the Bill indicating the provisions thereof in which the General Act is proposed to lie departed from. Bills  which are not framed in accordance with this  Rule shall be re-cast by the promoters and reprinted at their expense before any Committee  passes upon the clauses.  6.1. All Private Bills shall be prepared by the  parties applying for the same, and printed in  Small Pica type, twenty-six ems by fifty ems. on  gootl paper, m imperial octavo form, each page  when folded measuring 10J inches by 7J inches.  There shall be a marginal number every fifth  line of each page; the numbering of the lines is  not to run on through the Bill, but the lines of  each page are to be numbered separately. One  hundred copies of each Bill shall be deposited with  the Clerk of the House immediately before the  first reading. If amendments aie made to any  Bill during its progress before the Committee on  Private Bills, or through the House, such Bill  shall be reprinted by the promoters thereof  Dated lflth November, 1897.  THORNTON FELL,  Clerk, Legislative Assembly.  Rosebery  It is at Rosebery where the beautiful Slocan steamer ties up over night  and where the employees can bring  their families.  Rosebery  Lots were put on the market June 28  and are selling fast. You cannot  afford to wait if you want a lot. They  are going up.  Rosebery  Men are now grading and clearing  the townsite, and several buildings  are about to be erected.  Rosebery  Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Rosebery  Will become the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having abundance  of water and being easy of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  Rosebery  Terms, ^ cash; balance three and six  months.  For full particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General Agent  '*^**'%'**'%/'*tfc'^%'V%/*V'V^  The  Lelaad Heuse  NAKUSP  Is the largest hotel upon the Arrow Lakes and is  unsurpassed by any in Kootenay. ,  Do not fail to stop there when  travelling to and from  the   Slocan.  mrs. D." A. mcDOUGAIiD.  \<W>^+S9V*/%>**&W*W  |ifc/**fc/'%/*%^/^ v^%^%/^^ I  *PtaJKkBE&kJBBEBBDfekiktJI^Bk>S2BhJ  fcJ^JBbi MBWfc J  l��&il&&& U-*&&i&  GROCERIES,  DRY GOODS,  CLOTHING,  BOOTS & SHOES.  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES,  STOVES,  ENAMEL and TINWARE.  PAINTS, OILS, GLASS,  POWDER, FUSE, CAPS,  JESSOP & BLACK DIAMOND STEEL  CHATHAM WAGONS, ETC..  AT LOWEST PRICES.  New Denver, B. C  Has often been electrified  by the wonderful bargains  offered from time to time bv  people with something to sell,  but it remains for   L^  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Ledge   to  America for  Reciprocity Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: Twenty  five miles west of Kootenav Lake and about  10 miles east of Sloean Lake, and about four  miles south of Seaton Creek, a westerly extension of the Maid of Erin.  'PAKE NOTICE, that 1, Charles A. Stoess  of  X   Kaslo,B. C.j acting as agent tor the Slocan  Reciprocity   Mining  Co.,  foreign, free miner's  certiiicate Fo. 84,82y, intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the  purpose  of  obtaining   a Crown grant  of    the   above  claim.  And further take notice that action asunder  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certiiicate of improvements.  Dated this 3,ith day of November, 1897.  to exceed all such propositions. For the sum of $5.00  ������any kind, of a five that will  be recognized in monetary  circles���we will send The  any address in  one year and a  box of 50 Trail Blazer Cigars.  Ponder over this, gentle and  refined reader, and send the  "$5 before this magnificent  chance fades into the oblivion of past opportunities.. .  R   T. LOWERY.  Do you want Ink?  Do you want Type ?  Do you want Stereo Plates ?  Do yuu want to trade Presses ?  Do you want to trade Paper Cutters ?  Do vou want Anything in the way  of Printing Material.  ��� Cor^trttToronto Type  foundry Co.,Ltd.  J.C.CROME, Agent,  Cordova Street,  VANCOUVER. B.C.  Lillian No. 4 Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan .Mining Division of  West Kootenay District. Where located:  On Payne Mountain slide.  TAKE NOTICE, that I. Charles A. Stoess of  Kaslo, B. C. acting as ag.'iit for the Slocan  Reciprocity Mining Co.. foreign, free miner's  certificate No. 84,82!), intend sixty days from  the date hereol, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 30th day of November. 1897.  Ocean Mineral Claim.  Situate In the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay   District.     Where located:   Neat-  Maid of Erin on Payne Mountain adjoining  .said claim on West.  rpAKE NOTICE, that I,  Charles  A. Stoess of  1    Kaslo, H.   C. acting as   agent  for D.  W.  Moore, free miner's certificate No. -lftJOA and Jas.  Waugli,    free    miner's    certiiicate No. 77,622,  intend    sixty   days    from    date    hereof    to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the  issuance of suoh certificate of improvements.  Dated this 30th day of November. 1897.  Agents for B. (J. Sugar Refinery and Royal  Citv Pianino; Mills.  108 Bishopsgate St.  [within]  The  British L0ND0K'ENG-  Suhscr'-"���-   '- r"   Columbia  Review  Subscription. .*���-.'.,50 per annum  To    Brokers,    Mining  Engineers, owners of  Mining claims,  Mining   Engineers,  Assayers.  Journalists and others': ���  Advertise in the  only representative  K u rope.  V.  IkvidW,    The,  .    C.   .Journal    in  A Good Investment  #:fe  mut�� ��iiif�� mil�� 0>nifre> mm  DR. A. MILLOY.  Room 17, Black's Hotel.  Sandon.  &  W W ^JF W W W  *s THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 2, 1897.  Fifth- Year  p f aflXP flacl  By KOJJKKT BARK.  [Copyright, 1S37, by the Author.]  Old Mr. Saunders went home -with  bowed head and angry brow. He had  not known that Did: wag in the habit  of coming in late, but he had now no  doubt of the fact. He himself went to  bed early and slept soundly, as a man  'with a goad conscience is entitled to do.  But the boy's mother must have known  the hours he kept, yet she had said nothing. This made the matter all the  blacker. The futher folt that mother  and son were leagued against him. He  had been too lenient. Now he would go  to the root of things. The young man  wnuld speedily change hia ways or take  the consequences. There would be no  half measures.  Poor old Mrs. Saunders saw the moment her husband came in that there  was a storm brewing, and a wild fear  arose in her heart that her boy was the  cause. The first words of the old man  settled the question.  "What time did Richard oome in last  night?"  "I���I don't know," she hesitated.  "Shuffling," her husband always called  it. She had been a buffer between father and son since Dick was a child.  "Why don't you know? Who let him  in?"  She sighed.    The secret   had   long  -weighed upon her, and she felt it would  oome at some hapless moment.  "He has a key," she said at last.  Tho old  man glared   in speechless  amazement.    In his  angriest mood he  had never suspected anything so bad as  this.  "A key! How long has he had a key?"  "About six months. Hedidnotwant  to disturb us."  "He is very thoughtful. Where does  be spend his nights?"  "I don't know. He tells me he belongs to a club, where he takes 6ome  kind of exercise."  "Did he tell you he exercised with  cards? Did he say it was a gambling  olub?"  "I don't believe it is. I am sure Dick  doesn't gamble. Dick is a good boy, father."  "A precious lot you know about it  evidently. Do you think his employer,  Banker Hammond, has any idea his  olerk belongs to a gambling club?"  "I am sure I don't know. Is there  anything wrong? Has any one been  ���peaking to you about Dick?"  "Yes, and not to his credit."  "Oh, dear!" cried the mother in anguish. "Was it Mr. Hammond?"  c "I have never spoken to Hammond  in my life," said the old man, relenting a little when he saw how troubled  bis wife was. "No; I propose to stop  this club business before it gets to the  banker's ears that one of his clerks is a  nightly attendant there. You will see  Robert when he comes home this evening. Tell him I wish to have a word or  two with him tonight. He is to wait  for me here. I will be in shortly after  he has his supper."  "You will not be harsh with him,  father. Remember, he is a young man  now, so please, please advise and do not  threaten. Angry words can do no  good."  "I will do my duty," said the old  man uncompromisingly.  Gentle Mrs. Saunders sighed, for she  well knew the phrase about duty. It  ���was a sure prelude to domestic trouble.  When the old gentleman undertook to  do his duty, he nailed his flag to the  mast.  "See that he waits for me tonight,"  was the parting shot as the old man  oloaed the door behind him.  Mrs. Saunders had  had her share of  trouble in   the world, as every woman  must  who lives  with  a. cantankerous  man.   When she could  save her son  a  harsh word, or even  a   blow, she  was  content to take either uncomplainingly.  The old man's severity had pnt him out  of touch with his son. Dick sullenly re-  aented  his boyhood of  continual fear.  During  recent years, when  fear   had  gradually diminished and finally disappeared, he was somewhat troubled  to  find that the natural affection which a  son should have for his father had vanished with it.   He had, on several occasions, made half hearted attempts at a  better   understanding,   hut   these   attempts had unfortunately fallen on inopportune moments, when the old man  was not  particularly  gracious  toward  the world in general/and latterly there  had been silence between the two.   The  young man avoided  his father as much  as  possible.    He  would   not  have  remained at home had it not been for hiu  mother.   Her steady, unwavering affection for him, her belief in him, and the  remembrance of how she had  stood up  for him, especially when he was in tho  -wrong,   had   bound  her  to  him   with  bonds soft  as silk and strong  as steel.  He often felt it would be a pleasure to  go wrong, merely to refute his father's  ideas regarding tbe way a child should  be   brought up.   Yet Dick had a sort of  admiration   for   the  old  man,   whose  many good qualities   were somewhat  overshadowed by his brutal temper.  When Richard came home that evening, he had his snpper alone, as was  usual with him. Mrs. Saunders drew her  ohair near the table, and while the meal  went on she talked of many things, but  avoided ; the subject uppermost in her  mind, which she postponed until the  last moment. Perhaps after all she  would not need to ask him to stay. He  might remain of his own accord. She  watched him narrowly as she talked  and saw with alarm that there was anxiety in his face. Some care was worrying him, and she yearned to have him  cenfido his trouble to her. And yet she  talked and talked of other things. She  noticed that he made but a poor pretense  of earing, and that he allowed her to  talk while he made few replies, and  tho.*-:u absentmindedly. At last he pushed  back his chair with a laugh that sounded forced.  "Well,  mother," he  said, "what is  or is it merely  Has the  lord  it? Is there a row on,  looming in the horizon?  of creation"���  "Hush, Dick! You mustn't talk in  that way. There is nothing much the  matter, I hope. I want to apeak with  you about your club."  Dick looked sharply at his mother for  a moment; then he said: "Well, what  does father want to know about the clnb?  Does he wish to join?"  "I didn't say your father"���  "No, you didn't say it; but, my dear  mother, you are as transparent as glass.  I can see right through you and away  beyond. Now, somebody has been talking to father about the club, and he is  on the warpath. Well, what does he  f/ant to know?"  "He said it was a gambling dab."  "Right for once."  "Oh, Dick, is it?"  "Certainly it is. Most clubs are gambling clubs and drinking clubs. I don't  suppose the True Blues gamble more  than others, but I'll bet they don't gamble any less."  "Oh, Diok, Dick, I'm sorry to hear  that.    And Dick, my  darling  boy, do  earn his living, evidently.  "And now, mother, I must really be  off. I'll stay at home tomorrow night  and take my scolding like a man. Good  night."  He kissed her and harried away be-  yon"���  "Do I gamble, mother? No, I don't.  I know you'll believe me, though the  old man won't.  But it's true, neverthe-  '' Where'8 Richard?''  less. I can't afford it, for it takes money  to gamble, and  I'm not as rich as old  Hammond yet."  "Oh, yes, Diok, dear, and that reminds me. Another thing your father  feared was that Mr. Hammond might  come to know you were a member of the  club. It might hurt your prospeots in  the bank," she added, not wishing to  frighten the boy with the threat of the  dismissal she felt sure would follow the  revelation.  Dick threw back his head and roared.  For the first time that evening the lines  of care left his brow. Then seeing his  mother's look of incomprehension he  sobered down, repressing his mirth with  some difficulty.  "Mother," he said at last, "things  have changed since father was a boy.  I'm afraid he hardly appreciates how  much. The old terrifying relations between employer and employee do not  exist now���at least, that is my experience. ''  "Still if Mr. Hammond came to  know that you spent your evenings  at"���  "Mother, listen to me a moment. Julius Hammond proposed me for membership in the club���my employer. I  should never have thought of joining if  it hadu't been for him. You remember  my last raise in salary? You thought  it was for mei'it, of course, and father  thought it was luck. Well, it was  neither���or both, perhaps. Now, this  is confidential and to yourself only. I  wouldn't tell it to any one else. Hammond called me into his private office  one afternoon when the bank was closed  and said : 'Saunders, I want you to join  the Athletic club. I'll propose you.' I  was amazed and told him I couldn't  afford it. ' Yes, you can,' he answered.  'I'm going to raise your salary double  the amount of entrance fee and annual.  If you don't join, I'll cut it down.' So  I joined. I think I should have been a  fool if I hadn't."  "Dick, I never heard of such a thing.  What in the world did he want you to  join for?"  "Well, mother," said Dick, looking  at his watch, "that's a long story.  I'll tell it to you some other evening.  I haven't time tonight. I must be off."  "Oh, Dick, don't go tonight. Please  stay at home for my sake."  Dick smoothed his mother's gray hair  and kissed her on the forehead. Then  he said: "Won't tomorrow night do as  well, mother? I can't stay tonight. I  have an appointment at the club."  ' 'Telegraph to them and put it off.  Stay for my sake tonight, Dick. I never  asked you before."  The look of anxiety came into his  face again.  "Mother, it is impossible; really it is.  Please don't ask me again. Anyhow, I  know it is father who wants me to stay,  not you. I presume he's on the duty  tack. I think what he has to say will  keep till tomorrow night. If he must  '"������ork off some of his sentiments on  gambling, let him place his efforts  where they are needed���let him tackle  Jule Hammond, but not during business  hours."  "You surely don't mean to say that  a respected business man���a banker like  Mr. Hammond���gambles?"  "Don't I? Why Hammond's a plunger from Plungerville, if you know what  that means. From 9 to 8 he is the strictest and best business man in the city.  If you spoke to him then of the True  Blue Athletic club, be wouldn't know  what you were talking about, but after  8 o'clock he'll take any odds you like to  offer, from matching pennies to backing  an unknown horse."  Mrs. Saunders sighed. It was a wicked  world into which her boy had  to go to  fore she could say anything more, leaving her sitting there with folded hands  to await, with her customary patience  and just a trifle of apprehension, the  coming of her husband. There -was no  mistaking the heavy footfall. Mrs.  Saunders smiled sadly as she heard it,  remembering that Diok had said onoe  that, even if he were safe within the  gates of paradise, the sound of his father's footsteps would make the chills  run up bis backbone. She had reproved  the levity of the remark at tbe time,  hut she often thought of it, especially  when she knew there was trouble ahead  ���as there usually was.  "Where's  Richard?   Isn't he  home  yet?" were the old man's first words.  "He has been home, but he had to go  ���ut again.  Ho had an appointment."  "Did you tell him I wanted to speak  with him?"  "Yes,   and  he said he would stay  borne tomorrow night."  "Did he know that I said tonight?"  "I'm sure that I told him you"���  "Don't shuffle, now. He either knew  or did not. Which is it?"  V  "Yes, he knew, but he thought it  might not be urgent and he"���  "That will do. Where is his appointment?"  "rAt the club, I think."  "Ah-h-h!" Theold man dwelt on the  exclamation as if he had at last drawn  out the reluctant worst.  "Did he say when he would be home?"  "No."  "Very well. I will wait half an hour  for him, and if he is not in by that time  I will go to his club and have my talk  with him there."  Old Mr. Saunders sat grimly down  with his hat still on and crossed his  hands over the knob of his stout walking stick, watching the clock that ticked  slowly against the wall. Under these  distressing circumstances the old woman lost her presence of mind and did  the very thing she should not have  done. She should have agreed with  him, but instead of that she opposed the  plan and so made it inevitable. It  would be a cruel thing, she said, to  shame their son before his friends, to  make him a laughing stock among his  acquaintances. Whatever was to be said  could be said as well tomorrow night  as tonight, and that in their own home,  where, at least, no stranger would overhear. As the old man made no answer,  but silently watched the clock, she became almost indignant with him. She  felt she was culpable in entertaining  even the suspicion of such a feeling  against her lawful husband, but it did  seem to her that he was not acting judiciously toward Diok. She hoped she  might turn his resentment from their  son to herself and would have welcomed  any outburst that would be directed  against her alone. In this excited state,  being brought, as it were, to bay, she  had the temerity to say:  "You were wrong about one thing,  and you may also be wrong in thinking  Dick���in���in what you think about  Dick."  The old man darted one lowering  look at her, and though she trembled  she welcomed the glance as indicating  the success of her red herring.  "What was I wrong about?"  "You were wrong���Mr. Hammond  knows Dick is a member of the club.  He is a member himself, and be insisted that Dick join. That's why he raised  his salary."  "A likelystory! Who told you that?"  "Dick told me himself."  "And you believe it, of course."  Saunders laughed in a sneering, cynical  sort of way and resumed his scrutiny of  the clock. The old woman gave up the  fight and began to weep silently, hoping,  but in vain, to hear the light step of  her son approaching the door. The  clock struck the hour. The old man rose  without a word, drew his hat farther  over his brow and left the house.  Up to the last moment Mrs. Saunders  hardly believed her husband would  carry out his threat. Now, when she  realized he was determined, she had one  wild thought of flying to the olub and  warning her son. A moment's consideration put that idea out of the question. She called the serving maid, who  came, as it seemed to tbe anxious woman, with exasperating deliberation.  "Jane," she cried, "do you know  where the Athletic olub is? Do you  know where Center street is?"  Jane knew neither olub nor locality.  "I want a  message  taken   there to  Dick, and  it must go quickly.    Don't  you think you could run there"���  "It would be quicker to telegraph,  ma'am," said Jane, who was not anxious to run anywhere. "There's telegraph paper in Mr. Richard's room, and  the office is just round the corner."  "That's it, Jane. I'm glad you  thought of it. Get me a telegraph form.  Do make haste."  She wrote with a trembling hand as  plainly as she could, so that her son  might have no difficulty in reading:  Eiehard   Saunders,    Athletic    Club,   Center  Street:  Your father is coming to see you.   He will  be at the club before half an hour.  "There i3 no need to sign it; he will  know his mother's writing," said Mrs.  Saunders as she handed the message and  the money lo Jane, and Jane made no  comment, for she knew as little of telegraphing as did her mistress. Then the  old woman, having done her best, prayed  that the telegram might arrive before  her husband, and her prayer was answered, for electricity is more speedy  than an old man's legs.  Meanwhile Mr. Saunders strode aleng  from the suburb to the city. His stout  ���tick struck the stone pavement with a  sharp click that sounded in the still,  frosty night air almost like a pistol shot.  He would show both his wife and his  son that he was not too old to be master in his own house. He talked angrily  to himself as he went along and vu  wroth to find his anger lessening as he  neared his destination. Anger must be  very just to hold its own during a briek  walk in evening air that is cool and  eweefc,  Mr. Saunders was somewhat abashed  to find tbe club building a much more  imposing edifice than he bad expected.  There was no low, groggy appearance  about tbe True Blue Athletio edifice. It  was brilliantly lit from basement to attic. A group of men, with hands in  pockets, stood on the curb as if waiting  for something. There was an air of occasion about the place. Theold man inquired of one of the loafers if that was  the Athletic club..  . .  "Yes, it is," was the answer.    "Are  you going in?"  "I.intend to."  "Are you a member?"  "No.,'!.  "Got an invitation?"  "No."-  "Then I suspect yon won't go in.  We've tried every dodge ourselves."  Tho possibility of not getting in had  Sever occurred to the old gentleman,  iiitl the thought that his sou, safe within the sacred precincts of a club, might  defy him flogged his flagging anger  and aroused his dogged determination.  "I'll try, at least," he said, going up  the stone steps.  The men watched him with a smile  on their lips. They saw him push tho  electric button, whereupon the door  opened slightly. There was a brief, unheard parley; then the door swung wide  open, and when Mr. Saunders entered  it shut again.  "Well, I'm blessed!" said the man  ou the curb. "I wonder how the old  duffer worked it. I wish I had asked  him." None of the rest made any comment. They were struck dumb with  amazement at the success of the old  gentleman who had even to ask if that  were the club.  When the porter opened the door, he  repeated one of the questions asked a  moment before by the man on the curb.  "Have you an invitation, sir?"  "No," answered the old man, deftly  placing his stick so that the barely  opened door could not be closed until it  was withdrawn. "No. I want to see  my son, Richard Saunders. Is he insider"  The porter instantly threw open the  door.  " Yes, sir,"he said. "They'reexpecting you, sir. Kindly come this way,  sir."  The old man followed, wondering at  the cordiality of his reoeption. There  must be some mistake. Expecting him?  How could that be? He was led into a  most sumptuous parlor where a cluster  of electric lamps in the ceiling threw a  soft radiance around the room.  "Be seated, sir. I shall tell Mr.  Hammond that you are here."  "But���stop a moment���I don't want  to see Mr Hammond. I have nothing  to do with Mr. Hammond. I want to  see my son. Is it Mr. Hammond the  banker?"  "Yes, sir. He told me to bring you  in here when you came and to let him  know at once."  The old man drew his hand acrosB  his brow, and ere he could reply the  porter had disappeared. He sat down in  one of the exceedingly easy leather  chairs and gazed in bewilderment  around the room. The fine pictures on  the walls related exclusively to sporting subjects. A trim yacht, with its  tall, slim masts and towering cloud of  canvas at an apparently dangerous  angle, seemed sailing directly at the  spectator. Pugilists naked to the  waists held their clinched fists in menacing attitudes. Race horses in states  of activity and at rest were interspersed here and there. In the center of  the room stood a pedestal of black marble, and upon it rested a huge silver  vase incrusted with ornamentation.  The old man did not know that this  elaborate specimen of the silversmith's  art was referred to as the "cup." Some  one had hung a placard on it bearing  in crudely scrawled letters the words:  Fare thee -well, and.if forever  Still forever fare thee well!  While the old man was wondering  what all this meant tbe curtains suddenly parted and there entered an elderly gentleman somewhat jauntily attired  in evening, dfess'with a rose at his buttonhole. Saunders instantly recognized  him as the banker, and he felt a resentment at what he considered his foppish  appearance, realizing almost at the  same moment the rustiness of his own  clothes, an everyday suit, not too expensive even when new.  "How are you, Mr. Saunders?" cried  tbe banker, cordially extending his  hand. "lam very pleased indeed to  meet you. .We got your telegram, but  thought it best not to give it to Dick.  I took the liberty of opening it myself.  You  see we can't be too careful about  "He's been going from had to worse."  these little details.   I told the porter to  look after you  and  let me know  the  moment you came.   Of course you are  anxious about your boy."  "I am,"  said the  old man firmly.  "That's why I'm here."  "Certainly, certainly. So are w* All,  and I presume I'm the most anxious  man of the lot. Now what you want to  know is how he ia getting along?"  "Yes, I want to know the truth."  "Well, unfortunately, the troth is  about as gloomy as it can be. He's bees  going from bad to worse, and no mas ia  more sorry than I am."  ' 'Do yon mean to tell me so?"  " Yes. There is no use deluding ourselves. Frankly I have no hope for  him. There is not one chanco in 10,000  cf his recovering his lost ground."  The old man caught his breath and  leaned on his cane for support. He realized now tbe hollowness of his previous  anger. He had never for a moment believed tbe boy was going to the bad.  ���Down underneath his crustiness were a  deep love for his eon and a strong faith  fa bim. He had allowed his old habit  of domineering to get the better of him,  and now in searching after a phantom  he had suddenly come upon a ghastly  reality. ���������  "Look here," said the banker, noticing his agitation, "have a drink of our  special Scotch with me. It is the best  there ia to be had for money. We always take off our hats when we speak  of th* special in this club. Then we'll  go and see how things are moving."  As he turned to order the liquor he  noticed for the first time the placard on  tho cup.  "Now, who the dickens put that  there'!1" he cried angrily. "There is no  use in giving up before you're thrashed."  Saying which he took off the placard,  tore it up and threw it into the waste-  basket.  "Does Richard drink?" asked the old  man huskily, remembering the eulogy  on the special.  "Bless you, no, nor smoke either; no,  nor gamble, which is more extraordinary. No, it's all right for old fellows  like you and me to indulge in the special���bless it 1���-but a young man who  needs to keep hia nerves in order has  to live like a monk. I imagine it's a  love affair. Of course there's no use  asking you. You would be the last one  to know. When he came in tonight, I  saw he was worried over something. I  asked him what it was, but he declared  there was nothing wrong. Here's the  liquor. You'll find that it reachea the  spot."  The old man gulped down some of  tbe celebrated special; then he said:  "It is true that you induced my son  to join this club?"  "Certainly. I heard what he could do  from a man I had confidence in, and I  said to myself, 'Wo must have young  Saunders for a member.' "  "Then don't you think you are largely to blame?"  "Oh, if you like to put it that way,  yes. Still, I'm the chief loser. I lose  $10,000 by him."  "Good God!" cried the strioken  father.  The banker looked at the old man a  little nervously, as if he feared his head  was not exactly right. Then he said:  "Of course you will be anxious to see  how the thing ends. Come in with me,  but be careful the boy doesn't catoh a  sight of you. It might rattle him. I'll  get you a place at the back, where you  can see without being seen."  They rose, and the banker led the  way ou tiptoe through between the curtains into a large ror ji filled with silent  men earnestly watching a player at a  billiard table in the center of the apartment. Temporary seats had been built  around the walls, tier above tier, and  every place was taken. Saunders noticed his son standing near the table in  his shirt sleeves, with his cue butt  downward on the ground. His face was  pale and his lips compressed as he  watched his opponent's play like a man  fascinated. Evidently his back was  against the wall, and he was fighting a  hopeless fight, but was grit to tbe last.  Old Saunders only faintly understood  the situation, but his whole sympathy  went out to his boy, and he felt an instinctive hatred of the confident opponent who was knocking the balls about  with a reckless accuracy which was  evidently bringing dismay to the hearts  of at least half of the onlookers.  All at once there was a burst of applause, and the player stood up straight  with a laugh.  "By Jove!" cried tbe banker. "He's  missed. Didn't put enough stick behind  it. That comes of being too blamed  sure. Shouldn't wonder but there is going to be a turn of luck. Perhaps you'll  prove a mascot, Mr. Saunders."  He placed the old man on an elevated  seat at the back. There was a buzz of  talk as young Saunders stood there  chalking his cue, apparently loath to begin*  Hammond mixed among the crowd  and spoke eagerly now to one, now to  another. Old Saunders said to the man  next him:  "What is it all about? Is this an important match?"  "Important! You bet it is. I suppose  there's more money on this game than  was ever up on a billiard match before.  Why, Jule Hammond alone bus $10,000  on Saunders."  The old man gave a quivering sigh of  relief. He was beginning to understand.  The $10,000, then, was not the figure  of a defalcation.  "Yes, "continued the other, "it's the  great match for the cup.  There's been' a  series of games, and this is  the  culminating one.    Prognor has won one and  Saunders one. Now this game settles it.;  Prognor is the man of the High Fliers' ���  club.   He's a good one.    Saunders won  the cup for this club last year, so they  can't kick  much if  they lose it now.  They've never had a man to touch Saunders in this club since it began. I doubt  if there's another amateur like him in  this country.    He's a man to   be proud  of, although he seemed to go to pieces  tonight.  They'll all be down on him tomorrow   if  they lose  their  money, although he doesn't make anything one  nay or another.    I believe it's the high  betting that's made him so anxious and  spoiled his play."  "Hush, hush!" was whispered around  the room.    Young Saunders had begun  to play. Prognor stood by with ��� superior smile on his lips. He was certain  to go out when his turn came again.  Saunders played very carefully, taking no risks, and his father watched  him with absorbed, breathless interest.  Though he knew nothing of the game,  he socu began to see how points were  made. The boy never looked up from  the creen cloth and the balls. He stepped  around the table to his different positions without hurry, and yet without  umlae tardiness. All eyes were fastened  on his play, and there was not a sound  in the large room but the ever recurring  slick clack of tho balls. The father marveled at tbe almost magical command  the player bad over tbe ivory spheres.  They came and went, rebounded and  struck, seemingly because he willed  this result or that. There were a dexterity of touch, an accurate measurement  of force, a correct estimate of angles, a  trnth of the eye and a musoular control  that left the old man amazed that the  combination of all these delicate niceties was concentrated in one person, and  that person his own son.  At last two of the balls lay close together, and the young man, playing  very deftly, appeared to be able to keep  them in that position as if he might go  on scoring indefinitely. He went on in  this way for some time, when suddenly  the silence was broken by Prognor crying out:  "I don't call that billiards. It's baby  play."  Instantly there was an uproar. Saunders grounded his cue on the floor and  "Yowr father had his eye on you all the  time."  stood calmly amid the storm, his eyes  fixed on the green cloth. There were  shouts of, "You were not interrupted 1"  "That's for tho umpires to decide,"  "Play your game, Saunders!" "Don't be  bluffed!" The old man stood up with  the rest, and his natural combativeness  urged him to take part in the fray and  call for fair play. The umpire rose and  demanded order. When the tumult had  subsided, he sat down. Some of the  high fliers, however, cried: "Decision!  Decision!"  "There is nothing to decide," said  the umpire severely. "Go on with your  play, Mr. Saunders."  Then young Saunders did a thing  that took away the breath of his  friends. He deliberately struck the balls  with hiscue ball and scattered them far  and wide. A simultam ..as sigh seemed  to rise from the breasts of the Tru����  Blues.  "That is magnificent, but it is not  war," said the man beside old Saunders. "He has no right to throw away  a single chance wheu he is so far behind."  "Oh, he's not so far behind! Look at  the score," put in a man on the right.  Saunders carefully nursed the balls  up together once more, scored off them  for awhile, and again he struck them  far apart. This he did three times. He  apparently seemed bent on showing how  completely he had the table under control. Suddenly a great cheer broke out,  and young Saunders rested as before  without taking his eyes from the cloth.  "What does that mean?" cried the  old man excitedly, with dry lips.  "Why, don't you see?   He's tied  score.   I imagine this is an almost  precedented  run.    I  believe   he's  Prognor on toast, if you ask me."  Hammond came up with flushed face  and grasped the old man by the arm  with a vigor that made him winoe.  "Did you ever see anything grander  than that?" he said, under cover of the  momentary applause. "I'm willing to  lose my $10,000 now without a murmur. You see you are a mascot after  all."  The old man was too much excited to  speak, but he hoped the boy would take  no more chances. Again came the click  clack of the balls. The father was  pleased to see that Diok played now with  all the care and caution he bad observed  at fir&t. The silence became intense, almost painful. Every man leaned forward and scarcely breathed.  All at once Prognor strode down to  the billiard table and stretched bis hand  ���icross it. A cheer shook the ceiling.  Tlie cup would remain ou the black marble pedestal. Saunders had won. He  took tho outstretched hand of his defeated opponent, and the building rang  again.  Banker Hammond pushed his way  through the congratulating crowd and  smote the winner cordially on the shoulder.  "That was a great run, Dick, my boy.  The old man was your mascot. Your  luck changed the moment ho came in.  Your father had his eye on you all the  time."  "What!" cried Dick, with a jump.  "I'm very proud of you, my son,"  said his father when at last he reached  him. "It takes skill and pluck and nerve  to win a contest like that. I'm off now.  I want to tell your mother about it."  "Wait a moment, father, and we'll  walk home together," said Dick.  THE END.  tbe  un-  got  Obviously.  "Let me see," mused the sporting  editor.   "W.'iat is an incubator?"  "An Incubator," replied the agricultural editor, "is an egg plant."���Chicago Tribune. Fifth Yeah.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 2, 1897.  HE   KISSED    HIS   MOTHER.  She sat in the porch in the sunshine,  As I went down the street���  A woman whose hair was silver,  But whose face was blossom-sweet,  Making me think of a garden,  Where in spite of the frost and snow  Of bleak November weather,  Late fragrant lilies blow.  I heard a footstep behind me,  And tlie sound of a merry laugh,  . And I know the heart it came from  Would be like a comforting staff      ���  In the hour of time and trouble,  Hopeful and brave and strong,  One of the hearts to lean on ,  When we think that tilings go wrong.  I turned at the click of the gate latch,  And met his manly look ;  A face lilce his gives me pleasure.  Like the page of a pleasant book.  It told of a steadfast purpose,  Of a brave and daring will���  A face with a promise in it  That God grant the years to fulfil.  He went up the pathway singing ;  I saw the woman's eyes  Grow bright with a wordless welcome,  as sunshine warms the skies.  "Back again, sweet mother,"  He cried, and bent to kiss  The loving face that was lifted  For what, some mothers miss.  That boy will do to depend on,  I hold that this is true-  Prom lads in love with their mothers  Our bravest heroes grew,  Earth's grandest he irts have been loving  Since time and earth began !  And the boy who kissed his mother  Is every inch a man.  -K.E. Rexford.  THE    KBOZEN    NORTH.  ! new and original is developed.   This  j may seem a crude way of putting the  I statement, but it has lon^been a theory  I among well men that if it is possible to  | g-o deep   enough  some new geologic  i condition or economic feature would be  1 found to exist.   A*, the least they slaim  j natural steam would be encountered, or  the well walls would finally become so  hot that water could be primped down  cold   and pumped up in  the form of  steam, and thus the natural  power of  the future be obtained.   There is material   for  much speculation,  and the  interest becomes greater  in increased  ratio   as the drill   descends.   One remarkable feature of the well is that the  gas found near the surface is now used  to operate the engines which   do the  drilling.    Thus the natural  power already issuing from the well  is utilized  for the purpose of deepening it.  Prof. Ha Hock estimates that at 10,000  feet���tlie proposed depth of the well���  the temperature will be 228 degrees.  As at a -temperature of 212 degrees  water is converted into vapor, he expects that his well will afford an ample  supply of natural steam that will prove  Recorder for a certificate of improvements for  thepurnose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must he commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th dav ot November. 1897.  It. E. PALMER. P. L. is.  Chicago Mineral Claim.  Vancouver Fraction Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan  Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: On south  side of Pour Mile Creek, adjoining the Vancouver No. '1 and the Zilor claims.  rpAKE NOTICE that I. Robert E. Palmer, act-  JL    ing as agent for the Vancouver Group Mining Co.. free miner's certiiicate No. 94-120, intend  sixtv days from the date hereof to apply to the  Mining "Recorder for a certiiicate   of  improv*:-  ments, for  the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claim.  .   And further take notice that action under section 87 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th dav of November. 1897.  It. E. PALMER, P. L. S.  Pelly Mineral  Claim.  Situate iu the Slocan Mi.iing Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On top of  divide between Sandon and Cody creeks and  about one mile from mouth of Cody creek.  I'AKENOTICE, That I.A.R. Heylandtactingas  1 agent for Alonzo D. Coplen. free miner's certificate No, 77,224, intend, 00 days from the date  hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder, for a  certificate of "improvements for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of ihe above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before  the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 28th day of September, 1807.  Gold Ring Mineral Claim.  War Eagle Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Arrow Lake Mining Division of  West Kootenay District. Where located:  On Mineral Creek, a tributary of Cariboo  Creek.  rpAKE NOTICE  that I, Geo. Alexander, free  X    miner's certificate No.  74000, and as agent  for H. B. Alexander, free miner's certificate No.  77002, S. E. Manual, free miner's certificate No.  78270, and F. G. Fauquier, free miner's certificate  No.    78379,    intend    sixty     days    from     the,  date    hereof,     to    apply    to    the    Mining i  Recorder for a  certificate   of  improvements j  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of j  the above claim. i  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 10th dav of September, 1897.  PASSENGER  EACH   DAY.  TRAINS  EACH    DAY  ��� Between -  Mr.  Martin*  J. Maloxey,   Northport,  Wash.    ,  My Dear Mart.:���I have arrived thus  far on my way home from New York  city and the east generally  In 1886-7 I was in Alaska and Siberia  and there gathered a great deal of data,  or such data as  I   could gather there,  with a view to sometime writing a history of Alaska.   Yon know it has always  been a pet idea of mine to write such' a  history.   Ever since ![ returned from  Alaska I have made it a point to gather  all the data T could with regard to that  country and I  thus have a great deal  of information on ithe subject.   Since  the Klondike excitement broke out  I  have spent some money, a good deal  compared with what! had, ingathering,  information and taking steps "to lay the  foundation for getting everything ready  for the coining summer.    I have gone  so far as to send a man to Ottawa tog-et  from the official sources there all the'in-  formation extant in regard to the North-  West Territory and the head waters of  the Yukon.   In a few years there will  be a railroad   from Dawson City down  the Yukon to such a point at least where  it can strike off in a northwest direction  to intersect Behring Straits whence it  would connect by ferry with'the Trans-  Siberian railroad now being built eastward by the Russian government and  which will be completed to tlie straits  by the year 1900.    The beginning of  this road will be an offshoot of the Canadian Pacific line, in fact it already has  a line from Calgary (a point about 500  miles   east   of   Vancouver) northward  nearly 800 miles to a pla.ee called Edmonton.   Now if this road were extended northward and a  little westward it  would   soon   reach   the valley of the  Mackenzie river, and  all  thei-c is between the valley of the Mackenzie and  the   headwaters of the   Yukon is the  watershed or mountain range, not more  difficult to cross with  a railroad than  was or is the Cascade range in the state  of  Washington.    After  one gets  over j  this watershed  (between   the   valley of :  the Mackenzie and  the headwaters of |  the Yukon) it is not much   of a trick to '<  build a railroad down the valley of the  Yukon.    I   do  not hesitate  to  predict  that  within  five years of this time a  man may  ride  from   New York  to  St.  Petersburg via Dawson City,the Yukon  valley, Belt ring straits and the Trans-  Siberian railroad  through  Siberia and  Russia,   and   at   St.   Peterslmrg,   the  capital of that country, take the steamer  through the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic  Sea, the  North  Sea  and the Atlantic  Ocean to New York, the time by water  from St.   Petersburg to New York not  to exceed 10 days, "and   the   trip from  New  York can   thus be  made to St.  Petersburg in 10 days on the "hurry  up"   plan.'    A   few   years   ago   when  George Francis Train  was iii Tacoma  delivering lectures just be "ore starting  on a trip around the earth from Tacoma  as an initial point, which trip hemade  in about 75   days,   he stopped  during  these addresses and proposed that tlie  people ask him questions, whereupon T  asked  him:    "Iu -20 years   from   this  time   (when  he was speaking)  in how  short a time could a man then traverse  the earth ?"   But he dodged the question, and I then  advanced the proposition that within 20 years a man would  be able   to  g-o  around the earth in 20  days'(on   the  "hurry up" plan.)   Ten  years have now passed, and before the  second ten years have elapsed man can  make the proposed trip within the time  stated.    Within a few years some man  or company will get a million of dollars  for a charter which Congress will have  granted for the right of way for a railroad   through    Alaska.     Neither   the  Canadian P-ieiiic. nor any other railroad  can cross Alaska until so authorized by  the American congress so to do.  Gkokuk Hazzakd.  Denvkk, Col., Nov. 1., 1807.  DRILLING    FOR   STKAM.  to lie the cheapest power  man.  It is generally  believed  men that the temperature  increases one degree for  it win pro  available  to  by scientific  of the earth  every sixty  feet of depth ��� and it is upon tliis basis  that Professor Hallock has made his  estimate. But, like all general rules, it  is subject to exceptions, because the in-  cre.-tse of temperature is not uniform. .  Comparatively little has been ascertained regarding the interior of the  earth and the conditions that prevail  there: yet.it is known that the crust of  the earth is exposed to quite as various  conditions as its surface. Granite, for  instance���especially if it carries much  feldspar���gives off more heat than slate  or other rock containing a high percentage of hornblende. Lime gives off  still more heat, at any time arid in almost any eondition.but especially when  slacked or decomposed by sudden contact with air or water, orboth.  These varying '��� conditions, cause  widely diverging effects, yet Prof. Hal-  lock claims a temperature'at 10,000 feet  depth of 228 degrees; he is correct  ncc'orclirigito theoretical knowledge. If  the increase of temperature we're uniform, it'eoiild be defended upon that at  GOO feet the heat would, the surface temperature being neutralized, be about 10  degrees. At 0,000 feet it would be 100  degrees; at 10,000 feet about U>6�� degrees.  ��� Practice, however, has demonstrated  that the increase in temperature is governed by conditions such as mentioned  above, and instances of exceptionally  high temperatures at comparatively  shallow depths are not wanting.  On the Comstock, in Nevada, when  the Savage and Gould & Curry mine  workings were connected at their 2,000  level, about twenty years ago, the temperature of the connecting'drifts���that  from the north in the Gould & Curry,  and that from the south in the Savage  ���was, respectively, 145 degrees in the  former and 137 degress in the latter.  The temperature in tlie Gold & Curry  mine would have indicated an increase  of one degree for about every eighteen  feet of depth. Other workings in the  Comstock lode, technically referred to  as "hot ends," and at shallower depths,  were still hotter.  instances ofthe effects of local'conditions upon temperature might be  multiplied, but these will suffice to demonstrate, the soundness of the allegations that the  temperature varies very  Situate in the Slocan  Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: On Four  Mile Creek, near mouth of Granite Creek, adjoining the Mountain Boomer.  'p.AKE NOTICE that I. Robert E. Palmer, aet-  JL     ing as agent for the Vancouver Group Mining Co.,' F. M. C. Xo. iil420'intend sixty days from  the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder  for a certiiicate of, improvements for the purpose  of obtaining'a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th dav of November. 1897;  R. E. PALMER, P L. S.  Napier Mineral Claim.  SUuste'iii the Slocan  Mining  Division of West  Kootenav District.   Where located: On south  side of Four Mile Creek, adjoining the Mountain Boomer on the west.  rjlAKE NOTICE that I, Robert E. Palmer, aet-  JL    ing as agent for the Vancouver Group Mining Co., k. M. C. No. ;ut'_'0, intend   sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements for the  purpose ofobtalnlng a Crown grant of the above  i claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certiiicate of improvements.  Dated tliis ISth day of November, 1807.  R. E. PALMER, P. L. S.  Ricardo Mineral Claim.  Situate in  the Slocan  Mining Division  of West  Kootenay  District.    Where located:   South  side of Four Mile Creek adjoining tlie Zilor  .     on the West.     ���  ri-iAKE NOTICE That I, Robert E. Palmer, ac-  1 ting as agent for the Vancouver Group  Mining Co.. F. M. C. No. !)1420, intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a eertifiearc of improvements for the  pur nose, of obtaining a Crown grant of tlie above  claim.  And further take notice that action  under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certiiicate of improvements.  Dated this 18th dav of November, 1807.  "R.. E. PALMER. P.LS.  American Girl Mineral Claim.  Situate in tbe Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:    A.d joining the Queen Bess claim on the east about  two miles south of Three Forks.  rpAKE NOTICE That 1. Robert E. Palmer, ac-  L    ring ns agent for Win. Glynn. F.  M. C. No.  85255, and James H.  Moran. F. M. C. No. 83010,  intend sixty days from the date hereof to apply  to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certiiicate of imurovemeuts.  Dated this 11th dav of November, 1807  " R. E. PALMER, P. L. S.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.    Where located:   About  one mile'from the Forks of Cariboo Creek  and joining the Millie Mack mineral claim.  rfiAKE NOTICE that I. J. A. Kirk, acting as  X    agent for H. C. Pollock, free miner's certificate No.. 67,803, intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for  ; a certiiicate of improvements, for the purpose  of obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take  notice  that action, under  section 37, must he commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated thLs 21st dav of July, 1897  " J. A. KIRK.  Great KuHtnrn Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   Adjoining the Madison and about li niiles southeast of Town of Sandon.  'PAKE NOTICE that  I,  Robert E.  Palmer of  1    Sandon, acting as agent for Price Eaton  Co., free miners' certificate No.0713.5 intend 00  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements  R.E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Dated this Kith day of September, 1897.    selO  Wolf Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   On Blue  Grouse 'mountain,   one half mile  north of  Cariboo Creek.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, J. A. Kirk, acting as  JL    agent for II. C. Sharp, free miner's certificate  No.    83,80-J   and C.  C.   Woodhouse,  jr.,    free  miner's certificate No. 3103 A, intend 60 days  from the <iate hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  tho above claim.  And further take notice   that action under  section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 10th day of July. 1807.  T. A. KIRK.  L. 1850, Gr. 1.  LiHlla Rook Mineral Claim.  On the'-fe^  Trail and  Rossland  Ian & Western Fy  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Adjoining the Carbonate King mineral claim on  Payne Mountain.  TAKE NOTICE that I.John Hlrsch, as agent for  Edward Mahon, free miner's certificate No.  94.r>37, intend 00 days from the date hereof, to apply  to the Mining Recorder fora certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claim. ,  And, further take notice, that action under '  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of said certificate of improvements.  Dated this. 25th day of October, 1807.       JOHN HIRSCH.  Ajiix 'Fraction   Mineral    Claim.  Situate In the Slocan  Mining Division of West  Kootenav district.    Where located: On West  Fork of Noble Five slide, 1000 feet from summit of R.E.  Lee Mountain, a reloca ion of  the Malboro. bounded on north by Starlight  and Duluth on the south by Ajax and Crown  Point, east by Treasure Vault, west by Rush-  ford and LeeFraction.  r|\.\ KE NOTICE, That I, E. J. Matthews, act-  1    iiiK as agent for Wm. Braden, free miner's  certiiicate No. 7(S,l3.r>, intend, sixty (lays from the  date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for  a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under sec- j  tlon 37, must be commenced before the issuance I  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 25th day of November. 1897. . j  Run Made in one Hour.  No. 6 Leaves Rossland at 7 a.m.: Connects uv  the morning with Steamer at Trail.  No. 3 Leaves Trail at 8:15 a.m.; Connects at  Rossland with Bed Mountain train for  Spokane.  No. 2 Leaves Rossland at 11:00 a.m.  No. 1 Leaves Trail at 12:30 p.m.; Connects with  C.P.R; main line Steames from the north  at Trail.  No. 4 Leaves Rossland at S:00 p.m.: Connects  with C.P.R. main line Ste&iufcro. for the  north ot Trail.  No. 5 Leaves Trail at 5:45 p.m.; Connects with  Steamer Lytton at Trail.  F. P. GUTELIUS, Gen'l Snpt.  Trail, B.C., June 4,1897.  Certificate of the Registration of an  Kxti-a-Provincial  Company.  ���' Companies Act, 1897."  Native Silver Belt Mining Company.'  Independence Mineral Claim.  Situate, in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:  On Bine  Grouse mountain, about  one mile from the  forks of Cariboo Creek.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, J. A. Kirk, acting as  JL    agent for C. 0. Woodhouse, jr., free miner's  certiiicate    No.    3103 A,    intend,    sixty    days  from the date hereof  to apply to the Mining  Recorder   for    a    certificate     of     improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 21st dav of Julv, 1807.  "      J. A   KIRK.  First Extension Mineral Claim.  ltitH-h with depth. Tliis will not, however, detract from the. value of the work  Professor Hallock is doin��\ If he obtains vapor or "steam" in commercial  quantities by his hole in the "-round,  he will render a benefit to the world  that will be of inestimable value.  Situate in  tlie Slocan  Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.     Where  located: Lying  south   oi'   the   Young   Dominion   claim  on  Howsiii Creek about two miles south of the  I       Idaho Concentrator.  'PAKE NOTICE That I. 'Robert E. Palmer.  | L acting as agent for Win. Glynn, free miner's  j certificate Xo. Kfrj.'ir*, intend sixty days from the.  I dale hei'e-if '" apply to rhe Mining Recorder for a  i eei'tilicite of i'upr ivcmc-its 'or 'he iniroosc of  j oli*--iiniir.r a Crown Ci-pit of tlie above claim.  j A'id' iiirther take notice that action under sec-  i tion :17 must be commenced lie fore the issuance of  I such cert ticate of improvements.  Dated tliis lltli day of November. 1807.  Ii. E. PALMER. P.L.S  O. K. Mineral Claim.  Situate in tho Sloean Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: North  Fork Carpenter Creek, about six miles above  Three Forks.  TAKE NOTICE that I,Thomas Sinclair Gore,  agent for Edwin Smith; Graham and A.  Hellmers, free miner's certificates Nos. 80180 and  81330, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of  improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before, the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 30th dav of September, 1807.  T. S. GORE.  Parties requiring- special designs of  jewelry, etc., made to order for Xmas  irood>; are advised to leave their orders  early at Knox Bros.  Midnight.Fractional   Mineral Claim.  T  An immense assortment of furniture  lower than Coast  prices,  at Crowley's  New Denver.    Freight paid on order  to Sa'"Vn and all Slocan points.  For four-bits   you can  purchase  100  ancient newspapers at this office.  By sending  10 cents  to The Ledge,  Nsw Dtmrw B C,  Vou.can obtain a completooopy ot  Carlyle's  Report  on the Slocan.  ���TAKE NOTICE 'hat I   llobcrtE.  Pal  1    ing as agent for the Adams British i  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On Mt.  Adams, adjoining the Adams and Britomarte  two miles southwest of Sandon.  mer. act-  Columbia  Co. Ltd, free miner's certiiicate No. 033;") A. intend  sixty days from the date, hereof to apply to the  Mining Recorder for a certificate of improve-,  incuts fori lie purpose of obtaining u Crown grant  of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements. '  Dated this 11th dav of November, 1807.  R. E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Concord Mineral Claim.  Situate, in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Adjoining the Young Dominion on the north, about  I'r "miles south of the Idaho concentrator.  TAKE NOTICE that T. Robert E. Palmer acting  as audit ior Jas. II. Moran, F. M. C. No.  83010. John A. Finch. P. M. C. No. 70531, Win.  Glynn, K. M. C.85255; and Peter Larsen. F. M.  C. No. 83717, intend sixty days from the date  hereof, to applv to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for  the purpose of obtaining a .crown grant, of the  above claim. ,..'.,  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 11th dav of Novemlier, 1897.  R  E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Millie Mack Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Sloean Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where! located: On Blue  (1 rouse, mountain, on the south slope near the  summit.  VAICE NOTICE that' 1. J. A. Kirk, acting as  cut for The Kamloops Mining and Development Company, limited liability, free miner's  certiiicate No. 07,8'!'), intend sixty 'days from the  date hereof to apply to the Alining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice, that action under section 37. must be commenced before the issuance  of such certiiicate of improvements.  Dated this -.'1st dav of July, 1897.  __  ' .L  A,_KIR/K.  Pay lioclc Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.    Where located:   North  Fork of Carpenter  Creek, about six miles  above Three Forks.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  JL    agent   for   Edwin Smith   Graham   and A.  Hellmers, free miners certificates Nos. 80180 and  81330. intend, 00 days from date hereof, to apply to  the Mining Recorder fora certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claim.  And.    further   take    notice,   that   action  under    section    37,    must    be     commenced  before the issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this30th day of Sept. 1807.  T. S. GORE.  Inverness Mineral Claim.  . ���'e-riiVrif'SJiw*rt->".ixm.Ka'  SALE  OF   MINKRAX  BY    TKNDJEB.  CLAIMS  Tli^  I)t*��'p��Nt  Well in the  Pittsburg  World   i*  Near  Pittsburg.���The deepest well in the  world will soon be completed near  Pittsburg'. It is now more than one  mile deep, and when, it is finished it is  expected to reach two miles down into  the earth. It is being- bored in the interest of science. The object in penetrating- so deeply is to determine just  what the interior of the human footstool  is like. From a successful point of view  the well was a success long- ugo. A  comparatively few feet below the surface both  g-as and  paying quantities,  owning the plants  cate it to   science.  oil  were struck in  but   the   company  determined to aedi-  and  invited Prof.  QEA LED TENDERS marked on the envelope  ij -'Tender for Mineral Claims," and addressed  to the undersigned, will be received till noon on  Friday, December 17th next: for the purchase of  the interest of the late Francisco di Miehele, in  the whole of the Buchera, and the Iona, and an  undivided one-quarter of the Allcorn, mineral  claims, sitnate in the Slocan City Mining Division of the District of West Kootenay.  Terms cash in ten days after the acceptance of  the tender. A deposit of ten dollars must accompany each tender as a guarantee of good  faith. The highest, or any tender not necessarily accepted.  Particulars as to title can be obtained from  R. B. Kerr, New Denver, solicitor  for the ad-  i ministrator.  i        Dated the 5th day of Novemlier, 1897.  I J. F. ARMSTRONG,  Official Administrator,  Fort Steele, B. C.  The New Denver Lkdok will please insert the  above three times .between the 10th of November,  1807, and the 10th of December, 1897  J. F.ARMSTRONG,  Official Administrator.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division, West  Kootenay District. Where located: On Red  Mountain about two miles northwest from  and about nine miles from the mouth of the  North Fork of Cariicnter Creek.  TAKE NOTICE, that I, Robert E. Palmer, of  Sandon. acting as agent for John Brown, of  Sandon. free miner's certificate No. 79108  intend, sixty days from date hereof to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of  Improvements tor the purpose; of obtaining n  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take  notice  that action, under  section  :t7, must be commenced   before  tlie  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 1th dav of November. 1897.  R. E. PALMER. P. L. S.  Halton Chief Mineral Claim.  Situate inlthe Sloean Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   North  Fork  of Cariwnter Creek   about  six miles  above Three Forks.  'JUKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  JL    agent   for   Edwin   Smith    Graham,    free  miner's certificate No. 80,180, intend, sixty days  froni the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certiiicate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 'Si, must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 30th day of Sept.. 1897.   T. S. GORE.  Cube liode Mineral Claim.  Registered the 7th dav of September, 1897.  T HEREBY  CERTIFY   that I have this day  L   registered the '" Native Silver Bell Mining  Company" as an extra-Provincial Company, under the" Comnanies Act, 1897."  The head office of the said Company is situate  in the City of Spokane, State of Washington.  The amount of the capital of the Company is  -*1,000,000, divided into 1,000.000 shares of >3l each.  The head office of the. Company in this Province is situate in the City of Rossland, and Olive  Pringle, whose address is Rossland, is attorney  for tlie Company.  The time of the  existence of the Company is  fifty years.  The objects for which the Company has been  established are: ���  To locate, purchase, contract foi, or acquire by  any lawful means, mines, mining claims, water  rights, timber and timber lauds, mill-sites, ditches  flumes, tramways, railways, water and electric  power and power plants, or to acquire by purchase, contract or otherwise, mining stocks,  bonds or debentures; also to buy, sell, acquire  and deal in real esutc of all kinds, other than  mining propeity; to-'work, operate, buy, sell,  lease/mortgage, own, acquire, hold and'deal in  mines, metals and mineral claims of every kind  and description, or any of the property "above  named; to acquire by purchase or otherwise,  stock in any other corporation organised for the  purpose of owning, operating or wirking mines  or mining claims, or other real estate: ti hold,  vote, represent, transfer, sell or purchase such  stock at such times and in such quantities and  manner, and under such circumstances as shall  be determined upon by tho trustees of this Corporation: to carry on and conduct a general  smelting, milling and reduction business; to purchase, acquire, hold, erect, operate, electric light  awl power plants for the purpose of mining and  treating ores, or for the purpose of furnishing  lights and crcatinglpower for use or sale; to bond,  buy .lease, locate and hold and operate, ditches,  flumes, or water rights: to construct, lease, buy,  sell, build, operate and conduct railroads, ferries,  tramways or other means of transportation for  transporting ore, mining and other material;  and finally to do everything consistent, proper  awl requisite for the carrying out of the purposes  and objects aforesaid in'their full and broadest  sense.  Given  under my  hand  and  seal  of office at  Victoria. Province of British Columbia, this 7th  day of September, one thousand eight hundred  and ninety-seven,  [r.. s.] HENRY S. MASON.  Acting Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.  NcrnCE.  rTJCE is hereby given that 00 days after date  I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner  of Lands and Work's for permission to purchase  the following parcel of land situated on the  east side of Slocan Lake, Slocan Mining Division.  West Kootenay District, commencing at tlie  southwest post of A. M. Wilson's pre-emption,  thence running north 10 chains, thence running  west to the Nakusp & Slocan Railway right of  wav, thence running soutli along the line of the  Nakusp & Slocan Railway right of way to the  northwest corner of tlie townsite of Rosebery,  thence east to the point of commencement, containing SO acres, more or less.  Dated, Nov. 11th. 1897.  A. ST. GEORGE HAMMERSLAY.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  _RAILWAY-.  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  East  or  West.  Steamer leaves Nakusp every  morning-, making- close connection  at Revelstoke with trains or  all points East or "W est.  Jttefore you travel get information from  C.P.R.   Agents as to time and  rates.    It will save you money  Appl y to nearest Railway Agent  or to  H. DOUGLAS, Agent.  H. M. MacGregor,   Trav. Pass Agt,  Nelson,  or to E.  J.  Coyle,  Dist.  Pass. Agt, Vancouver, B. C.  &  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District ofthe  Oolville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,  Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  NOTICE  Leave.  9:20 a. m  12:00 "  8:00 a.m.  Arrive.  NELSON        5:35 p. m  ROSSLAND     2:50   "  SPOKANE      6:40 p.m  Close connection with Steamers for Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  Sixty (GO) days after date I intend to apply to  the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works* for  permission to nurchnse the following- described j  land: Commencing at S. Walker's northwest  corner post, running north forty (10) chains, following the Columbia- river, thence east eisrhty  (80) chains, thence south forty (10) chains, thence  west, eighty (SO) chains, and containing three  hundred and twenty (.!-'!.>'>.acres of land, more or  less. "     ELLEN McDOUGALD.  Dated this 11 th day of November, 1897.  NOTICE.  NOTICE IS HEREBY' GIVEN that we will not  be responsible for any debts contracted by  anyone other than ourselves.  C   \V. AY'LWLN & CO.  New Denver. B. C.Nov. 1.1897.  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  &TRADINGCO.,  LTD.  Strs International ana Altierta  On Kootenay Lake and R'ver.  Time Card in Effect   Oct.   1st,   1897.   Daily  Except Sunday. Subject to Change without notice  Close connection at Five Mile Point with all  passei'gei trains of theN. & F.S.R.R. to and from  Northport, Rossland and Spokane.  Through   tickets sold at Lowest Rates and  Baggage checked to all United States Points.  Wm. Hallock, of Columbia Colleg-e to  carrv oil a scries of temperature in-  vestig-atioiis as the hole is carried deeper aiid deeper into the earth. The  result of these investigations is interesting, and it is the opinion of several  scientists that the ultimate result of tlie  boring will prove to be of economic as  well as of scientific value. It is the intention of the comnany to continue the  boring process until something entirely  Sapphire and Gem Mineral Claims.  Situate in the Siccau Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Adjoining the Lalia Rook and Minneapolis mineral  claims ou Payne Mountain.  TAKE NOTICE that I, John Hirsch, .as agent  for the  Ramsdell Mining and Milling Co.,  free miner's certificate No. 7s>98 A, intend, sixty  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for certificate of improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining Crown grant of above claims.  i     And further take notice that action,  under  j Section t!7, must be commenced   before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 25th day of October. 1807.  JOHN HIRSCH.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Silver Star Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where iocated: On Four  Miie Creek at mouth of Granite Creek, adjoining the Mountain Boomer  VAKE NOTICE that. I, R   E.  Palmer, acting  us agent for the Vancouver Group Minincr  Co.. free miner's  certificate  No. 9-U20, intend 60  day*, from r.tic ilat' hereof t..> apply to tho Mining  Situate in the Sloean Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On top  of di,ide lietweon Sandon and Cody creeks  and about one mile from mouth of Cody  creek,  rpAKE NOTICE.Thatl. A.R.Heyland.acting as  I agent for Alonzo D. Coplen, free miner's certificate No. 77.221, intend, no days from the date  hereof, to anply to the Mining'Recorder fora  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  S7 must lie commenced l>ofore the issuance of such  certificate of Impi-on-incnts.  Dated this 2Hth day of September, 18!)7.  L. 1855, Gr. 1.  Derby Mineral Claim.  KASLO & SLOGAN. RY  TIME CARD  Lv. Kaslo for Nelson and way points.  5:45 a.m  Ar. Northport 12:15 p.m.; Rossland 8:40 p  m.; Spokane, 6 p.m.  Lv.   Nelson for Kaslo and way points, 4.45 p.m.  Lv. Spokane 8 a.m ; Rossland, 10:20 a.m.;  Northport, 1:50 a.m.  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Noonday, Grey Eagle, and Fourth of  July Minora! Claims.  I  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On the  east slope of the valley of Cody creek, about  three miles from Cody.  TAKE NOTICE, That I, J. H. Gray, acting as agent for Byron N. white,  free miner's certificate No. 74,260, intend, 60  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for Certificate of Improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining Crown Grant of above  claims.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before issuance of such  Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this Sth dn v of September* 183.��  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay    District.      Where    located:���  On Carpenter Creek about  half a mile above  the town of Cody and adjoining the Chambers mineral claim.  TAKE NOTICE that I, John   Hirsch. as agent  for   A..   H.   Buchanan,    free   miner's   certificate No. 83,5-l-lf. intend, sixty  days from the  date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under Sec.  37, must bo commenced before'the issuance of  such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 16th day of October. 18!)7.  JOHN   HIRSCH.  Leave 8 00 A.M.  "    8 .'ifi      ������  Arrive, 3 50  "      3 15  P.M  Arr.  Le:  2 15  2 C3  1 if.  1 33  1 12  1 00  Kaslo  South Fork  Sproule's  Whitewater  Hear Lake  MeGuigan  Cody Junction  Sandon Leave  CODY    LINE.  Sandon       Arrive 11.55 a.m.  Codv ���'���     ll.2n   "  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngr.  GEO ��. COPELAND,  Superintendent  For chcao  railroad and steamship tickets to i  and from all points, apply to |  S.  CAMPBELL, Agent, Sandon. j  ��� si .-it; "  ��� !l 51 "  ��� 10 03 ���'  ' 10 18 "  ' 10 38 "  10 50 "  ve 11.00 a.m.  '  11.25 "  BONNER"S FERRY and KOOTENAY RIVER  SERVICE.  The Alberta awaits the arrival of the International bofore leaving for Bonner's Ferry.  Lv. Kaslo, Sat.,4.00 p. m; Ar. Boundary, Sun.  midnight; Aj. Bonner's Ferry, Sun.. 10.30 a.m.  Lv Bonner's Ferry. Sun.. 1 p.m.; Ar. Boundary. Sun., 5 p.m.; Ar. Kaslo, Sun.. 10 p.m.  Close conneeton at Bonner's Ferry with  trains East bound, leaving Spokane 7.40 a.m.,  and West bound, arriving Spokane 7 p.m.  Tlie last trip this season on the Bonner's Kerry  route will be.on the nth and 7th November after  which date the Bonner's Ferry service will be  discontinued.  GEORGE   ALEXANDER, Gen'l Mgr  Head Office, at Kaslo, B.C.  Kaslo. B.C., Oct. 1,1897  St  Lilie.  From Montreal  L.  Duncdiil  1853, Gr. 1.  Mineral  Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: On Reco  Hill and'adj liuing the Ruecan and Blue Bird  Mineral Claims.  T-AKE NOTICE that I,  John   Hirsch. as agent  1    for James Marshall, F. M. C. 88878. Thomas  Brown, F.M.C. 83151, and Duncan  S. Forbes, F.  M.      C.     6(0.70.     intend,     sixty    days    from  the   date   hereof,   to   apply   to   the   Mining  Recorder for a certificate   of   improvements.  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 15th d��v of October. 1807.  JOHN HIRSCH.  THE   STEAMER  Will leave NEW DENVER,  afternoon upon arrival of  from Sandon.  every  train  FOR SILVERTON,   SLOCAN CITY and ALL  INTERMEDIATE  POINTS.  Will leave SLOCAN CITY at 7 a.m.  every morning except Sunday  Powder carried only on Fridays.  Time Table subject to change without notice  S. T. N. CO.. Ltd..  June 1. 1897.  <;. L. KSTA BROOK, Master.  California. Allan  Parisian,  ! Carthaginian ���'     j Labrador,'Dominion Line     Vancouver. ������      I From New Y��rk  j Umbria. Cunard Line    Etruria "    Campania.      ������    Majestic, White Star Line    Teutonic "         ���  St. Paul. American Line    St. Louis, -     State of Nebraska, Allan State Line    Southwark, Red Star Line    Noordland, '���     Cabin >'45, s'50, .**,Ci0, 70 iSO and upwards.  Intermediate *30 and upwards.  Steerage $25.50 and upwards.  Passengers  Ticketed  through to all points In  Great Britain or Ireland, and at Specially low  rates to all parts of the European Continent.  Prepaid Passages arranged from all points.  Apply to A. O. McARTHUR, C.P.R.  Agent  Sandon. or  WILLIAM   STITT.  General Agent,  C. P. K. Offices. Winnipeg 8  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 2, 1897.  Fifth Yeae.  MINING RECORDS  Showing the Rapid Development of the Slocan.  LOCATIONS OF   THE WEEK  Assessment Work Done on Claims  and Transfers of Mining:  Properties.  ^iiinniiiiiiiiiniimimmiininiiiiimninmniinmiiimniininninnini^  I NEWS IN PLACE 1  A    WELCOME    INSTITUTION.  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded curing the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Denve- were  as follows:���  LOCATIONS.  Nov 24���New Gething Fraction, Carpenter,  John A Kinnon.  Nov H6���������Mansfield, same, D McCuaig; Frank F  Fraction and O'Brien,Galen a Farm ,Joc Brandon.  Nov iS���Trelawney, Alamo basin, J S I Boyer.  ASSESSMENTS.  Nov 23��� Rattler.  Nov 14���Monday Fraction, Sunshine No 2,  Yakima, Mine, Oregon, Monday, Kasa Fraction,  Sunshine Fraction, Beudigo, Morning.  Nov 27���Cultus No 2, Mammoth No 7, Pirate  Fraction, Eva Fraction.  TKANSFKKS.  Nov 24���Silverton Boy, J I C and Golden  BroWn A, Lee Coombs to Walter E Gravely,  Nov 20.'  Heloise, R, Groen to Richard Seaman, Nov 15.  Nov 26���Essex J, Angus L McLean to Peter  Grant, Nov 24.  Same, Peter Grant to David FairhainjNov 25.  Oakland and Ottawa J. Angus L McLean to  David Fairbain, Nov 2(5.  IsisJ, Robert Williams to Jas Black, Oct 28,  M.,100.  Nov 27���Pirate Fraction, Thos J Lendrum to  Thos Marks, May 15.  Nov 29���Bermuda J, Cuba l/G, SwaneeJ, Convention Fraction J���Herman Clever to A C  Behne, Nov 27.  SLOCAN    CITY    DIVISION.  ASSESSMENTS.  Nov 13���Anslow, Hope No 2.  Nov 16���Ottaway No 5, Meteor, Cultus, Iona,  Buchera  Nov;l7-  -Bloomer Girl.  THANSFEKB.  Nov 13���Meteor. Ottawa and Cultus ��, Chas  Hoffman to H Hoffman.  Tellicomei, Wm Stubbs to E M Teeter, $160.  Nov 15���Tip Top and Good Luck l/G, John  Kowlski and John Sodoski to James Kowlski.  Rosebud, Wm Payne Robinson, deputy sheriff,  to Archie Mainwanng-Johnson, |3G0.  Bondholder, same to same, .**250.  Pine Log, same to same, !*310.  AINSWORTH   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Nov 22-Black Bear, T S .McPherson; Homo  Fraction, Robert Forbes,  Nov 24���Swamp Angel, No 2 Eraction, T'J  Lendrum; Moonshine, Victor Mining and Development Co, Ltd, Liability.  Nov 26���One Hundred, H F Burmster; Hope  Fraction, Robert Burmster; Fly held Fraction, A  McC Banting; Silver Ward, same; Florence H,  same.  ASSESSMENTS.  Nov 22���Morning Star, Falls Views, Katie H,  Coin.  CEKTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  Nov 10���Emerald Hill, R E Benson and R  Ewart.  TRANSFERS.  Nov 20���Crown Point J, Wm Earcy to George  Doyle.  Nov 23���Lucky Find and Diamond Jubilee,  Henry Croft to J Couch Flanders.  Nov 24���Kootenay Queen and Slocan Chief No  10,1, F LoCasto to F J Finucane.  Moonshine, Gold Commissioners'  H McGregor to relocate.  Nov 26���Vancouver }, Duncan McDonald and  R E Lemoi* to T J Duncan.  Vancouver, C E Scaley to T J Duncan.  Same, A H Buchanan to same, *375.  Mogul, Fraction i, N S Tucker to C W Greenlee  Iron Crown, San Berdino, The Kenneth, CJ  McCuaig to Slocan Mines Exploration Co.  Jumbo \, Matt Oledo to Aug Lalli.  Mountain View, Perfection, Hope, Mabel C I,  Chas Gray to W M Campbell.  SILVER   IS   THE   ISSUE.  Arthur Dick is sick with typhoid fever  at Trail.  Eie-ht men were added to the force at  the Enterprise on Saturday.  Mrs. Wereley has her well-known  little store, on "Josephine street, filled  with g-oods for the holidays.  D. McCallum, of Kaslo, has gone to  Edmonton from which point he will  strike out for the Yukon in the spring  There is a foot of ore in face of the  Neepawa tunnel. This property will be  worked all winter, an ore car and other  supplies being- sent up this week.  Divine service will be held in the  Presbyterian church next Sunday, Dec.  5, at 7:15 p.m. Subject: "Perseverance." Service conducted by W. J.  Booth.    Everbody welcome.  N. C. Dingman opened the Columbia  House yesterday, ft is an hotel without a bar in connection. The house is  plastered and the rooms will be appreciated by travellers or others who enjoy  comfort in the winter season  The time between Vancouver and  NeAv Denver has been shortened by the  new C.P.R. arrangements. By leaving  New Denver at 8:85 a.m. you can be in  Vancouver the next day at 1 p.m.  From Vancouver to here it takes 20  hours, a vast saving of time over the  former time table.  The New Denver Band is indebted to  Geo. C. Wharton for the favor of complete sets of two of the most recent  compositions, The Algonquin Overture  and the Brian Boru March, lately sent  them from Spokane. Mr. Wharton's  good taste and thoughtfulness is much  appreciated by tho boys.  The Methodist church, the pioneer  church of this district, is wearing a new  and surprisingly improved appearance;  it has been plastered inside with a hard  finish and the woodwork has been painted. A new floor and new seats throughout, new choir rails and curtains with  the addition of the electric lights.  Action has been commenced in the  Supreme Court by Geo. D. B. Turner  against the West Koootenay (B.C.) Exploring and Mining Co., in which the  title to the mineral claims Ottawa,  Wakefield, Wakefield Fraction, Beaver,  Cazbazua, Cazabazua Fraction and  Jennie Lind, is called into question,  Mr. Turner claiming an interest in the  properties.  The telegraph office is to be removed  to the wharf depot. Miss McQueen, the  estimable young lady who has acted as  operator for nearly two years,will leave  in a few days on a visit to her parents  in Ontario. By her courtesy and strict  attention to business she has won the  thanks and admiration of the people,  and many will regret her departure  from New Denver.  The New Denver Amateur Athletic  Club was organized last week and the  following officers elected: A. E. Fauquier, President; W. Thomlinson, Vice-  President ; H. O. Alexander, Secretary;  H. West, Treasurer; T. Eyton. Captain. A special committee composed of  H. West, H. 0. Alexander and P. Wilkinson was appointed )to look after the  purchase of supplies. Forty members  were enrolled at the, first meeting -and  the Club promises to be a great success.  At present, quarters have been secured  in the MeKinnon building, and preparations are being'made to furnish amusement and recreation for the members.  An entertainment for thei benefit of the  Club will be given in the near future  Institutions of (this kind are beneficial  especially to young men. and should receive the hearty support of all citizens.  THE    WESTMOUNT.  Gorman West and Frank Griffiths  have done in the past nineteen months  oyer 200 feet of work on the Westmount,  a claim near the Enterprise on Ten  Mile Creek. While running across-cut  this week eight inches of clean ore was  struck, a fact very pleasing to the. persevering owners of this property.  Nijrht  and  THE  CENTRAL  HOTEL  NEW   DENVER,  Has been re-opened under new management. With nicely furnished  rooms, and good, substantial meals to  back them, this hotel expects to acquire a reputatiun 6ccoiid to none in  Kootenay. The bar has a full stock  of the most modern nerve elevators.  JOHN HALl'IN, Prop.  GORMAN WEST, Mannger.  ��� B Ii li ���  ' i t  Ihe  Wiirstd  This week making  ���up  a stock of cold weather  mattresses���thev are  just the ticket���go as  fast as we can make  them. Have orders in  for Xmas goods to be  made up that will keep  us busy; but we're always on the lookout  for more business-  have you. an idea of  nice that  to have  RESTAURANT  In NEW DENVER is always ready to do  business. It iias never closed its doors  on account of the little financial breezes  that blow adversely occasionally in the  Silvery Slocan. The weary and hungry  pilgrim has always been able to get his  wants, and in consequence they call ag-ain  when in town. Keep your eye on the  Sunday dinners.  J ACOBSON & CO.  something  you'd like  us  make up for you?  permit to J  Lewiston, Maine, Nov. 24.���The  Lewiston Evening Journal, the organ  of Congressman Ding-ley, says editorially : Much as every true friend of  American interests may deprecate it, it  may now be regarded as settled that the  congressional campaign of next year  must be fought out on the lines of 1896.  When a state like Kentucky turns its  back on Carlisle to follow Bryan, and a  state like Necraska, which sees before  its eyes, in every market, the refutation  of the Bryan theory that silver and  wheat are linked together by the Almighty, still persist in bowing down to  the silver idol, it is useless for sound  money men to lose sight of the certainty  that the 16 to 1 silver fallacy is only  scorched���not burned, Business men  may as well prepare to make this issue  next year, wnen we hope it will be settled forever.  The   Methodist   Church.  The New Denver Methodist church  will be re-opened on Sunday- next, December 5th, when services will be held  as follows; Morning, at 11, Rev. Albert  M. Sanford of Sandon will preach; at  7.15, song service, conducted by Rev.  A.M. Sanford and R.N.Powell.. On  Wednesday evening, a supper and social  will be given, admission 50 cents. Supper will be laid from (> to 7.30 and at 8  the social will commence. There will be  a first-class programme.  THE    VANCOUVEK.  Remember, we have the best selected  stock of furniture, and are prepared  to satisfy you.  WALKER BROS. & BAKER,  New   Furniture Dealers unci Repairers  Denver's     Undertakers ancl Embalmers.  N. B.���We have the only practical Undertaker  and Embalmer doing business in the Slocan.  The delay in finishing the wagon road  to the Vancouver makes matters unpleasant at that mine. The erection of  necessary building has been delayed  causing an inconvenience to the men.  About 120 tons of ore is in sacks awaiting shipment. This property will ship  300 tons during the winter.  The Waverley Mines.  Mr. John D. Graham, Gold Commissioner at Revelstoke, has just tendered  his resignation in order to assume the  management of the Waverley Mines.  These mining properties are situated in  Albert Canyon, about 21 miles from  Revelstoke, and were bonded by the  Gold Fields of British Columbia (Mr.  Grant Govan's Company.) The Waverley  Mines Company was subsequently floated as an auxiliary company, to develop  the property. Latest advices state that  ore is being taken out rapidly, a force ol"  50 men being now at work. It is-the  Company's intention to ship 1,000 tons  to Swansea, Wales, shortly, for reduction.   Plenty   This   Year.  K.   OF   P.   OFFICERS.  The following-'officers weie elected at  a recent meeting of the Knights of  Pythias: C.C., W. J. Spaul; V.C.. W.  P. Evans; Prelate, P. Lindquist; M. of  W., E. Brindle; M. of E-, H. Stage;  M. of F.; W. Callanan; K.R.S., C. F.  Nelson; M. at A., M. Melde; I.G., Jas.  Anderson; O.G., T.Clement.  MASQUERADE   BALL.  The New Denver Knights of Pythias  will give a masquerade ball oh New  Year s Eve. No pains or expense will  be spared to make this the*most enjoyable ball of the season.  THE   THOMPSON.  Stoping has commenced at the  Thompson, and shipping will begin  shortly. This property will ship about  250 tons this winter.  Fancy  Chinaware  Bourne Bros.  received  Ask to   see. the immense  stoves at Bourne Bros,  Parson's  Produce  Company  Sandon, B. C, Oct 21, 1897.  To al] whom it may Concern:  This is to certify that as I am  removing from Town, G. W. GRIMMETT, Watchmaker and Jeweler, of  Sandon has purchased my business.  I beg to thank my numerous  customers for their patronage in the  past and I hereby respectfully re  quest that they will give their patronage in the future to MR.  GRIMMETT.  W. HALLER,  Watchmaker and Jeweler.  ��� II li 111 Mill ���������  Winnipeg,  Manitoba.  Wholesale  dealers in  Butter, Eggs,  Cheese, Apples,  Poultry and  Cured Meats.  The largest handlers of these  goods in Western Canada. All  warehouses under perfect system  of cold storage. Full stock carried  at Nelson, B. C. For prices write  or wire  P. J. RUSSEr-I,:  Managerof Nelson Branch Parson's Produce Company  Slocan  MERICAN  Mining & Milling Co.  Rand & Wallbridge,  Mining and Stock Brokers,  Sole Agents for Sale of Treasury Stock.  NEW  DENVER, B.C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  New Denyer, B.C.  Newly opened in New Denver, is one  of comfort, luxury and ease. The  rooms are elegantly furnished, the  building hard-finished, the dining-  room warm, light and tastefully decorated, and the tables laden with all  the viands fit to eat. It isn't neces-  to talk about Henry Stege's bar. It  is too well known.  HENRY STEGEProp'r  Oh Harris' Pond,  Next Saturday  Thomas   A.   Edison    was   asked  the  other day   what   he   thought   of   those  Chicago men who   claim   to   be  manufacturing   gold   from   the baser metals.  The inventor, it   is   said, did  not reply  categorically    to     the     question,     but  smiled significantly, and picked up from  his  desk   a   cablegram   which had just  been received from Italy.    The despatch  read : "To Edison, Orange, N. J.:���Have  invented   perpetual   motion.    Will  you  help me perfect it?"    "You will notice,"  he said with a far-away   look,   "that   :i  great many   remarkable  discoveries are  being made this year.  Air Tight Heaters and Box Stoves at  Bourne Bros. The largest stock and  lowest prices in the Slocan.  DEC.  And  continuing through out  the Season.  R. STRATHERK  Jeweler  Slocan City  KASLO CITY.  B.C  The only Practical Watchmaker in the Kootenay District. Orders hy mail -eceive promn  attention.  ALL WORK GUARANTEED  w.  Admission  Ladies Free.  Season Tickets, $3.00  Come to the well-  known little store  and buy your Xmas  presents.  Plenty of Toys  ana Dolls for the  Children; Silverware, Watches, Diamond Rings, etc. etc  AMOS THOMPSON,  Manager.  r. b. Thompson, Notary Public  D.  MITCHELL  Secretary.  Have the finest stock of Christmas and Fancy Goods in the  Slocan. Intending purchasers  will "find it to their financial and  artistic benefit to inspect this  stock before buying all their  Holiday Goods.  C.O.DS  M  J  NEW DENVER,   P.O.  Mines and   Mining Properties  for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix  Insurance Co..  of London, Eng.  My stock of Hats, Ribbons,  Hosiery and Ladies' Goods  will be sold -it grea ly re  duced prices for 30 days.  MRS. J.  Josephine St.  H.  WERELEY.  F. W. GROVES,  CIVIX and MIMNO ENGINEER,  Provincial Land Surveyor.  Underground Surveys. Surface ano  Aerial Tramways. Mineral claims surveyed and reported upon.      Kaslo, B.C  E.Parris& Co.,  SLOCAN   CITY   and   TEN   MILE.  Goods called  for & Delivered  A full line of Prospectors' and Miners-  Supplies at TenMile Store.  AUNDRY  We are now in a  position to give  thoroughly sat-  isfactorv service  and solicit your  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery.  Work Done on Short Notice.  C. M. NESBITT, Prop.  ;/s.V-Rates  furnished  Hotels,   Steamboat Companies, etc, on application.  El Dorada Ave.  Silverton  Drug  Drugs  and  Stationery,  Toilet  Articles,  Sundries,  Trail  Blazer Ciffars.  Proprietor,  verton, 


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