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The Ledge Dec 23, 1897

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 Volume V.   No.  12.
NEW DENVER, IS. CY DROEMURK 23. 1S97.
Price, .$2 00 Year
Truth About Klondike
till
in tlte
John I).  Mctiillivm:
New York Herald:
•'Nine out of ten of the nu.uhei-.-i who
have come to tlie Yukon in the rush now
wish they were hack home. They have
learned that there are no mines for them
and that wages at $15 a day is si myth.
It should he borne in mind by all who
think of coming here that with all the
prospecting thai has been done by hundreds ol' experienced men dining the
past ten years only one discovery lias
been made of ground that will under
present conditions pay large profits, and
that i^ on lionanxa. and its tributary,
ICl Dorado creek. None who come here
now may hope to obtain mines on these
creeks, except at exorbitant prices '
There have been many slumpcdes of,
late, hut there have been stampedes fori
years along the Yukon upon the reports j
of rich diwoveru*. und all who have'
joined in these stampedes have been
disappointed with the exception of tho.se
who rami- to the Klondike.
"There has been a rush to Munook
creek, and locations are selling there tolas much as $5000 each. This is all based
on tlie fact that one man found a good
prospect al the bottom of a shaft last
spring, and the further fact, that food is
more accessible there than elsewhere.
It is possible that .Munook will turn out
another Kl Dorado, but, no more probable
than that Coal creek, Mission creek,
American Nation, Henderson or a dozen
others will turn out rich. The chances
of linding another creek as rich as Kl
Dorado are very small. One may be
found—n dozen may. It is [Ktssible that
another Cripple ('reek will be found in
Colorado, but that is no reason why all
the world should rush to Colorado.
There is nothing left tor those who are
now coming, or are here and aro waiting
for Nome one to start a stampede, to do
but go out prospecting or work for
wages. Wages will probably be $1 an
hour. If they shall Ik- $1.50 an hour the
>nir^ owners say thai, they will not employ many men. In winter men can
work but seven or eight hours a day.
Fifteen dollars a day lias seldom *>ccn
earned at wanes except in a few summer
elaims.
"The only other alternative is logo
out prospecting. To simply live here involves hard work. But to prosjiect
means hardship and privation that none
but the most hardy can endure. One
must carry his tools, bedding, stove and
food on his back over the most wretched
roads, or after the winter bus set in pay
freight at the rate of 10 or 15 cent* a
pound.    In Hummer freight is from '2'w.
it is true, nut so Eur none has been found
to compare in richness with the «old-
bearing deposits of ilVDorado and Bonanza creeks, which have been the cause
of this useless influx of thousands fron
tlie outside world.
•'Tlie best proof of the fact that there
are already here many more persons
than can hope ever to obtain claims
without going far away is  in the figu
.lune Ist. p-K.7. Wage earners have 'held
several meetings, at which ihev have
agreed to stand out for !fl.5tl an* hour,
and in two cases have cni.iuelled men
who wereworking for $1 an liotp- to quit.
A iin-eHmr was held bv them yesterday
jiind it was determined to standout.
Neither side up to the present time could
tell its strength. The mine owners are
better organized, ami many of them are
ina position to let their mines lie id'e
r.Uh'.-r than pav higher rates. At Circle
City lust winter tlie claim owners were
trying to reduce wages to 80 cents au
hour, when the Klondike mines offered
$1.50. After the dumps had been made-
ready for sluicing and stripping was
begun for summer work a number of
. claim owners on Klltorado creek at-
i tempted to reduce the rate to $1. Aji
'informal combine was formed for tlie
purpose, but it happened that many of1
these men had purchased  their claims.
f  the   tiolcl   Commissioner   as   to the
number of loci.tions that have been
made. Tbe whole length, practically, of
every creek within a distance of 40 miles,
and in some directions more, has been
located. The creeks include Kl Dorado,
Bonanza. Hunker and other tributaries
ofthe Klondike river us far up as Al!
Gold, "HI miles away; Sulphur, Dominion and Quartz branches of Indian;
Henderson, a branch of Stewart, and
I'rynnt, Montana, Dead wood and Adams,
branches of the Yukon.
"Yet all these locations, together with .
a few in the Forty "Mile district, do not
exceed in number ISO1.). Slut under the j
mining laws a man may locate one;
claim in each division of the Yukon district. There are eight divisions and
many men have claims in several of
these, So it is safe to sav that about,
1000 men own all   these   claims.    There   ,    *- ,     ,
are in Dawson and in the mines of these i ,wko)'t »'f   broken
districts at. the   present  time certainly [t0. wt>rk .ilt  *l-;,Q
is iiiM^niliium:; nevertheless min
veins in North Wales have IVoni tiin
time furnished considerable quantities
of Hi-h auriferous quartz, hi ls<>". the
five mines in Merinnetsliti v produced
•.'.Tiir.lniNm-iiiv, fmni which l.:i5i.'. i>x*.
of gold. Inn-bur;, value, or £.-.,■ »H.\ 'were
obtained This, however, is a. ni licit
lower output than that of the previous
year. 'I he principal iron-producing
distrii-ts at. the present, time are Cleveland or North Yorkshire, violding over
o.WMN'O .tons ..annually, and Cumberland and North Lancashire, with an
output of over ■'iJHio.OOO tons. The
Cleveland ore is an earthy carbonate.
containing about 30 per cent, of metal.
East CaHactfaH NfcV#s.
The Ledge
Wishes that every soul on eartli will strike ;i
paystreak of merriment upon Christ's natal day
an.1 hopes that all its paid-up subscribers are
financially able to tickle their uastronomical ideas
with plum [iiulding-and roast turkey.
&'%.-*»%«>%%'•>«*%%-*%'»'*%'»%%*%%'%%'%**%%«, *v-3
piiyitili down u little cash mid agreeing | while tho rud hematite i,l' tlie two other
to pay the balance by July 1st out of the i-oinitiVw yields 50 to ait pel- ee.ut. The
ground. The days went by anil the! total (jauntily of iron ore obtained from
wage earners refused to work. Soon the the mines and ipum-ies last viinr was
'    ' '     '        and   the men went; l-2.5.n.,0i)i. tons.
hour.    A very few '	
 r 4S00, unci  nrobal.lv 3000.   iies'ictoY'of fhe mines, ancUlwse are nearly ill cm ; sii.vekton
this there are those who eame in late bv ! hl"oni<li> on**, *»"   l«y V-f an hour
St. Michael and those who went clown to i "",'', ?.a.\e Uiemselves any profit. Font- mines are at   orescent  shipnins-
Fort   Yukon   in   order   to obtain fowl, i.   "While the amount   ot   gold that has. throug-h Silverton.    He Comstoek ami
certainly not less than KKM. who intend I bl,e" I'TOcluued by the Klomllke mines is   Vaueimv,.,. l,v s|„iRh,   tll„ l,-i(i,.|itv  Into cuiiiu'here as won as navigation ommiV,'u"'    "r8','    '"'   'J10-   'I""1'*, "'   >~"'<ls   rawhic.cwl&l the Silver Xujjivt has live
in the   spring.    There   are Yoming'iiito I l1''1",6'1 '""' "'""i'f1- "  is milch less than   tons ou the wharf.
Dawson from ill) the  river dailv from 20j has hcei, general v  reported.    It is sate ,.„,„„.,„.,.   :.,.,:,,.•
to 40 men in  small boats.    It is said by   J» mV*M*SlT''' S",V has hCe", ■ th, 1    w,'„ li,,.fL.Y    '  T      ■' t        g
those who have come  in   last that there I <:?,1t'•,",  ^."f.™ , »'«'» Bonanza ."■"    ,,     „ b,    ,", n in onr     It "
are at least   1000   men  on the road who! fclUorado ereota.    (.orrect tigii.es might   -m. to be seen ,n oni st,nets.
have crossed the  passes and will winter; show less than HJ.oOO.OOO.    In  milking      Kvcrvcmu is invited to be present at
on the   trails   and   eome in early in the ' !lP. estimates that have  been   published   the clistribution of gifts fioin the \uias
si.ring. ' : it is often Unit sums taken down to San   tree on Christinas n"sht.    A ..ood   pro-
.,, ,i   ■    i-    .■ ...       ,        rrancusco and Seattle bv  men who have  o-i-n,,,,,..    ,..i||    i...    r..,,.!,.,..,,!    i...   '.i...
•;irwii  all   iniiications   this   is a low, 8oW   thoir   clliilus   !,„;.,.   beoll co,mtecl   ?i       ""'    " '■".    ■"•    1.™"!"™1    ».'     "i"
estimate.      In   other   words, there   are: twic0.   olu.„   .l8   .,   |m,.t   „f the amount
here, or near here^iid to eome as soon | n,ilieil from the daim it oamc from anJ
as roads are open, .000  men, and there1       ■ .... . .     .
ten. assisted by local talent
Several express their intention of at-
more than 250 have lieen proved to be of j \°ZS ""^Z^Zt1"^"^ !-™T<"''"'« »' With necessitates her
value   under present  conditions, and of   ,,'„'"f.' , "  ,,,™T?tl, *S     1 le ' l<!,>villS' Silverton for the winter.
' SecJ-'S wtes"?r,.,Si,r';S/!'l'' P'^SS-^^ A^hl'l .   The Silverton route ,o the   Klondike
: SSSSl    siVm can   he   earne    fr, m i *;'0'(KI0 '" *1"S'0tXI' antl l,e "''ite8 h™*' is t"'li"<=s« "f tlie many roads to wealth
men will lie  employed   in   the mines if    (Wain llealv inanaaer of the North       ,Mk   *"'"'■»'   V
theee not more than  1000 will work on ' ^ffi3i^
their own claims prosiwcUng, develop- ^,000,000, and that from summer .sluic-
inK.or mmmg them, making m all about illg between tSUO.000 and $700,000. As
.WOO men employed in the mines. to   the   l)robable   yield   tor the coming
„  B   "Yet it is probable that not ho many s winter and summer, the estimates de-
toll a pound from I)aw«on or Circle'will have supplies of provisions to last' pend upon the number of men that will
City or Forty Mile out to the creeks.  To i them   until   spring.   Of  the rest of tlr
the proHpeetor thio is prohibitive for to
move out to one of the ereeks with a
.small outfit takes a long time. One
mnet build a cabin or sleep in a tent
with the thermometer registering at
times 70 or 80 below zero.
Prospecting ibielf when on the ground
involves much more labor for tbe result*
than in any other mining district in the
world.   It is seldom that the pay dirt is
lo be fovind uncovered, and  shaft«  must
be  sunk   to   bedrock   by   thawing the
ground    i'ii fireH and digging out.   The
pay con hip!1 as it is called, is generally
from tf .o YOor flO feet wide.   In order
to local   it, prospect shafts must be Hunk
| at short intervals across   the   valley of
I the  creek, which   may   be from 100 to
i 1000 feet wide.   A season may be lost in j
I prospecting in one or two rows of hole*-'
I Thev mav   h«
■iNcnuv(u\ w:is in
town £Tnetiil,n' his ninny frionds lust
Sunday.
lie; Le employed.    If wages shall not exceed ,
populat'-^n of   the   district 1500 or more j |l an hour and no rich discoveries draw j
will be idle  unless   they  move out and .' many men "    -, Edgar Mizner, the sec-
prospect.     When   the   winter   work is' retary of the      ne-owner's Association,
over   there ivill   be employment for far  says the yield should reach 111,000,000
"Vlanajfer Hyrou, of the I'ideiity, lias
returned from the Springs, and reports] work, 'jtn'il   niucli
himself as ajrain lit tor   duty.    He will! pated.
push on the Fidelity sliipmeiit.
Don't forg«t the l.o. |-\ ball
*\"ear's eve.
Montreal devote*'.^ of tlu1
ifdiiitt'to  nuikt! their power felt hi Mint
'city."
The custoins di.)iii.rtinent at Ottawa
is taking steps to prevent tin; importation of inferior and nnwholusenie tea;
Thos. Kavaiiaii-h. one nl" the oldest
and most rospecto'd citizens of Preseott,
Out., died ou Dec. (ith. The deceased
was  tor almost  half a century one ol"
Treseott's leading merchants.
Major Walsh, administrator Un- the
Yukon District, has imposed a tax of
§J per gallon on all whiskey* going into
that country. The tax will lio increased if the traffic doe*s not cease.
Two customs officers seized a 'large
(|iuuitity of .Japanese goods and other
articles which were being smuggled into
Brockville by W. F.; Lord, undertaker.
The goods have been'conlisoated.
The Ontario .Leginltiture Jiave decided
by a vote of o4 to 27 to make no change
iii the present svsteni of .issidng timber i
licenses until after the .'"(tLh of April,;
when the present ones will have ex-'
pired.
The collector of customs at '(''aiiann-!
f[iie. Out . Jno. Ormiston, has "-one to j
pans uuktunvu. It; is the opinion of]
many that his mind has given way. <
while others sav that ins accounts were
short.
Miss Kate Townluy Tuttun. imn ol
Woodstock's must popular fair ones,
aud daughter of Warren Totten, Q.C..
of that town, was married on Wednesday to Mr. Maurice Putnam of Winnipeg.
The. first three gold bricks taken from
the Hammond lieef mine are on exhibi-
I tion in the window of the .I.E. Ellis
Conipany, Toronto. The three rc.fire-
sent a value of K2,S5!-> and weigh 75. 47
and lo} ozs. respeetivoly
A petition has been set in circulation
by the residents of Waterloo County,
asking that the sentence of death passed
upon James Allison, the IS-year-old
murderer of Mrs. Anthony Orr, be commuted to imprisonment for life.
Mr. Paul Fink, of Waterloo, died suddenly after partaking of bis luncheon
one day this week. The circumstances
attending his death have led the doctors
to think that he was poisoned. The inquest has been adjourned for a week.
The twine factory owned bv M. B.
Perme & Oo., at Doou, Out,, was dam-
a»'ed by fire on last Monday. The loss
will amount to some 'S15,(>)o, Nearly
bio employees have been thrown out of
uffering is antici-
THK   CALIFORNIA.
!Tliev n»av ■■> -■;;;-:'"„liere mere is no
good pay*in the creek, while rich ground
may be found later a few hundred yards
above or below.
'In California in early days prospect-
The dispute between tin
lees men in summer or* sluice mining, f from these sources: KHJorado, $4,000,-!Hie California has at last been settled
and with those coming there will be bull 000; bonanza, 14,000,000: Hunker, fi,- 'and this excellent property will b« ex-
a small propoation of the men here ein-j 500,000; small creeks and branches of jtensively worked, a fact of considerable
ployed unless new mines are discovered. ! these, and side hill claims, 1500,000, j importance to New Denver. A. J.
"There have been during the last de-' and from other creeks in the district. Marks, of Nelson, arrived in town last
cade many thousand men in the Yukon ; $1,000,000. Captain Healy says that week, ami acting for Blake Wilson and
country prospecting and mininj; all the ; with wages at flS a day the yield may Pat Burns he bonded the j-j interest of
way from the Hootalinqua river to the I not exceed |5,000,000, for in that case James .Marino in the Califor.ua, also
Koyu-Kuk, a distance of 800 miles in a the richest mines would make small his interest iu the Clipper, for SI5,000,
straight line. Hundreds have gone away | outputs, while the poorer mines being K> per cent, down, and the balance
poor in pocket and broken in health by ' worked on lays, would not lie affected.'7 \ within a year.
the ri(fors of the climate, hardships and ■   ' -—.     _
privations.    Up to two years ago but one i     itltlTAivs   HlXBUAL   w»*f.T", Am»nK tit** ic^inkiit-..
of  all   these  had   made  a respectable i   	
amount at miiiiiw «»^   ^iai   Wiig on]y
made   by  John   Miller, who '
j (ieo. A', llendershott, car-repairer,
New j while examining the coupling of a mixed
train at the Grand Trunk railway yards
\ at Bntntford, had his head caught
! between the buffers in some way, crushing it frightfully, ffe leaves a widow
if (and three children.
The Minister of Justice, this Hon,
David Mills, is being" overwhelmed
with applications for pardoning of
criminals. Most of the petitions came
from women's associations and the majority of them are in behalf of the most
notorious of criminals.
.the Viscount said they were going our
west to do a little buffalo hunting, with
a few gold nuggets thrown in.
Two vouug men, Chas. t-i-ainon and
".Jiimes M-cFarhuie, of Oollingwopd. started out hist Sunday niglit fo go to 'a fishing tug in Colling wood harbor, intending
to stay on it all night. Nest day tliey
could-not be found.'* and upon the harbor
being drugged, the body of MeFarlane
was found. Search is still being made
for Cianion's body.
The Canada Gazette has oilieiaUy announced that: -'There shall be charged
and paid one uniform rate of :"■ cents per
'ounce, a'fraction of an oun-'e . being
chargeable as an ounce, upon all letters
as transmitted from any point in Canada
to any point in the United Kingdom or
British possessions. This regulation to
come into force and take effect on, from
and after the 1st day of January, bSOT,
The question of timber supply and
forest preservation has been taken up by
the Oepartment of Interior, ii'id Mr. 1*.
F. Stephenson, of Winnipeg, lias been
appointed commissioner to look into the
subject and learn how forests should be
maintained. Suitable tracts .of., land for
permanent forest reserves* will be selected, and information will lie gleaned as
to what are the best means iVir preventing forest and prairie fires.
The directors of the Gold Hills Exploration and Development Company
held a meeting on l>ec. 8th, at the
, Queen's hotel, Toronto. This company,
i which was organised last winter, has
been doing some good wo.*k since then,
having located about seventy-five mining
properties in the Lake of tlie Woods
gold district, Ontario, and in tlie Lardo-
Dttncan district, British. Columbia,
besides securing town-sites and valuable
water-(lowers and rights.
The Natioual Club, Toronto, gave a
complimentary banquet to his Excellency, Ihe Governor-General on Wednesday
evening, which brought together a large
number of prominent men. Many excellent speeches were made, including a
very eloquent address by Lord Aberdeen
in response to the toast in his honor proposed by the president, W. K. Mc-
Naught." Hon. Edward Blake also delivered a notable speech, iu which he
touched upon Imperial trade, our relations with the United States, and tbe
question of defense in case of war.
The Canadian Copper Company, an
Ohio organization, and the Anglo-American Iron Company, which control the
output from the Sudbury nickle and
copper mines, have broken the contract
bv which they were domiciled in Canada, and instead of establishing smelting
works for the reduction of ores in Canada, which, according to their charters,,
they should have done, they have taken
their ore- to the United States and had
it smelted there, and they have also expended in wages and radway freights*
about $1,250,000 per vear outside of Canada. Mr. B. B. Osier, Q. C.f of Toronto,
has riled a petition with the Attorney-
General of Canada for permission to
bring an action against said companies
to revoke their charters.
A  lt*<'.ip« I
Mttke  Prett.v
The funeral of the lute Mr. Boss Mac- j        .   ,
Ivens-.ie, at one time Canada's greatest)     A beiebrated beauty, whosecoinplex-
lacrosse player, took place on Dec. 8th i tion at 00 was fresher than that of our
from  "his lute residence on Jams fit.. * women at   30.  told  me her secret last
Poronto, and   was  attended   Iiy a very (
fefio
l'along the   creeks   was   simple and ' but few min'
....     'riw*. .».« wau ■., ,.r n..,ir the erfii-k I an is known
tii account of the quantity and value \    An  eastern  paper says; "Bcv. Wm;]s', ji
three years took that out of his mine on ' "'  t*»'   i"i»««*ls  obtained   from    the I Beattie. a   studenl   of  Knox College,'
Miller  creak,   in   Forty   Mile  district,   mines, quarries, blue hooks, etc.. in the  Toronto, and at one time a missionary
Since   then  probably half a dozen men; United Kingdom duriiiir the year \H'M> among the Indians iu British Columbia.
have made that in the   Birch creek din-   •     ■        ■.." ii..   i '   '	
trict.    There are m tbe Klondike district' 1K-lv'u      '*
largo,number of friends and prominent
ittxeus.    The remains were, interred
(cemetery,
Kx-Ald.   Win.   Bell, one of Toronto's
best-known  public men, also   a promi-
...._   ....  ... . ,.---;-( neiit Orangeman, died at his home in
ok just issued   and '. w^»Ci\ ^thv  Vr^hytM-imi   pulpit.     In [that  «ity   on   Tuesday,   Dec.  7th,    His
.».,»    ...Nmi<    ... : tlw mm'\iWK '"* described  his mission-1 tmwn\ wus attended iiy a large number
ni.m    pcopl,    m    „i W(,,k     wu,   B.attn »isasu(((ss    „l member ol  the dim rent fodges and
,asv      ine i»v w« in m nmr uit ut«. « » -■■«..   .  -      .»■*.-=   *.*...,,,.    ,.»,-.   „.,»-,,,,»»....«»      H tny f.tt ts   ia ion   | fid 1 ibolM    nil m-   tlu    lii.li ins        I Iu    w » tiCB to  whuh   hi    belonged   inrl b\
beds    One could follow up a str< un ind ' than _^0 mines in the district that hue   ruiudintln upoit    in   tddition to th(    \i w    Duimi    ludt ids   will   no doubt) *IUndi0fl« »l his p< i-on d hiends
s that will do better, as far   which
* left there ages before the streams
vtgan to cut their present channels, and
i week's hard work is necessary to reach
it through the muck and gravel that
iom-i it. A man could pros-pect miles of
i neks in (_ difoiiiii hi tl osc_ da.--.--i in i
wick i i^n-1 oid iiiok thoroughh tlun
'lie could 100 yards of these creeks in a
|\lu lint the it his hem onh one
>rk-— the  glacier.    I'racticall
lihln
pan out i little here and there until lit ' bien proven to be of sulhcn nt \ line to, st itistu tl   infoiin itiou    but tin limit i   'i tsiK mi th it   tlu   i (lit
iiimc to rich giound     To prospect iniUs. work undtr present conditions     Ml this'turn of space,   will   onh   pdinit us to ' < m p ipt i did not   Iu u
of creeks was the   work of   a few days, i does not offer  much encouragement  to| refer  to a   few of them.    In   !8W the I but took it  for granted
Here it   is   all   different.    In   the first j those   coming   here.    Yet   the   Yukon' total output of coal was H):*.-t:>f,-270 (ous: j been   preaching   in   tin
nine tin   gold   is   not   in beds of   the  lountrt h is lietn heralded tothewoild   of this unoiiut') "in' tons \\i n obtiiiMd.hiw bn n lo tin   ml   skin
•resent   streams   nor   in   such birs as   is one o)  the greitest  mining distnus    fioin opi n qu m i( s    " ■ '    ■ -—
bordfred   the   (alifoimi   (reeks, but in   Itiertamh is but the bulk of its iitld   iu 1 ii0lind \ u\ fi
tin   till' oi   ground   moraines of ant lent, of bullion will n>me from mines that to    W > f < 11  in   thukm v.   and   in  Stotlnid
* - ' diy and under present conditions! inuot   si tins ef t inn* I eo il onh   si\ mi hi s in
be"worked at a profit. ' thickness are being worked.    The only
'Tlie high prices, the scarcity of the'mine worked for cobalt and nickel on
necessaries of life and tlie difficulties of: is in Flintshire, and after being idle for
travel and transportation make it im-; several yenr^ it has lately been reopen
possible for poor men or men of small' ed. The niiiu' affords an instance of
means to work anv but   exceedingly rich j the urcm-rence uf the   mineral absul.tin
rhiriis-.    The cost of working is  from $5! with red  dav   in   irregular cavities in I as well asa beautiful church
to f2(. per cubic   card.    Similar deposits | the   carboniferous   limestone.     Copper I with  statues, all   being  fashioned fi
ki I ttnd( t' -mull' .o-idit"oii= h\ ' imnin,, is i iptdh dim ism, in inipuit    pun n\si db/id t hI  si it     It 1
summer, ami it  was divided into two
parts :    First, she never used washrags
or towel on her face, but washed itwitb
her .hands,  rinsing it off with ,a soft
sponge.    She used clean   water in the
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in i\u u.d    ,is still,  to  tt.u.l p|\nu y  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 23, 1897.  FlFTH  YEAV  Queen Charlotte Group  According- to the opinion of scientists.  besides the three chains of mountains  forming the Cordillera system of British  Columbia, there is a fourth range, partly submerged, of which Vancouver  Island and the Queen Charlotte group,  form a part.  The government of the Province has  spent large sums to explore the unknown parts of tlie continental Province,  but curiously enough the interior of  Vancouver Island and of the Queen  Charlotte, so easy of access, ha  neglected.  Everybody knows about Vancouver  Island, that is more or less, but now  many in Canada know anything- about  Queen Charlotte Islands-' Very few  indeed.  By   the sIoav process of settlement,  Iiy 'timber   hunters   and   prospectors,  many-portions' of the interim  coiiver. have been  reached,  hi  Queen Charlotte nothing- of the kind  happened, unless one mentions   some  short surveys and coal  prospecting- iu  the. interior'of Graham Island.  Tho group has the rough shape of a  triangle, 1.70 miles in length and 1.00  miles in'width, at its wider end. a higii  chain of mountains, the ridge of the  submerged chain of the great Cordillera  svstein, extends from one end to the  other. Though so high in latitude,  reaching-the 54 degree of parallel, the  climate is exceedingly mild. The position of the group, far'out in the Pacific,  where-the Japanese current sweeps the  shores, renders the climate even milder  than it is on every other part of British  Columbia. -  The snow very seldom stays any  length of time,except on the mountains,  the grass is always green and the moisture"' in the air causes the vegetation to  be more vigorous than any where.else  on the coast.  ,. The islands were discovered very  early by old navigators and there seems  to be some doubt about who first visited  the group. At an early date the trade  in sea otter skins, rendered the place  very attractive to the shrewd traders  and' hundreds of thousands of skins were  exchanged for European commodities.  The natives soon learned what advantages they could reap by trading'  with the whites, they soon learned to  cultivate the potatoes and were able to  supply traders and whalers with the  tubers. Tobacco also was cultivated  .shortly after'ithe first white trader appeared.  Tradition says that a certain Yankee  trader once sold them seed of gunpowder, iinding out. latter that the seed  would-'not sprout and that they had  been swindled, their indignation made  them eager for revenge, when one of  their sages told them'it was all wrong,  instead of talking of putting the Yankee  trade to death, the best way. would be  to learn how to cheat him and get the  best of him some other way. They  must have taken the lesson to heart,  and to this day no sharper traders can  be found.  The natives are known as Hyda, but  they were subdivided in four or five  sub tribes. They are as a rule, "much  finer looking than the other Indians, of  rather short stature, but strongly built,  and almost white". Their' women,  specially, are very attractive-, it is a  common thing to see grey blue eyes  among them, and that peculiar reclish  color of the hair, often seen with South  sea islanders.  Their complete lack of morals, added  to the physical beauty of their women,  has been the curse of the tribe. If one  looks at the large number of abandoned  villages, and their houses are built in  snclia substantial way that should live  centuries, the population must have  been between fifteen and twenty thousand. Today they are barely one  thousand, the remnants.of the broken  trilies have joined together dn two villages, and with the help and advice of  devoted missionaries, Angelicans and  Methodists, they are making a hard  fight against complete destruction.  Formerly the wholepopulation would  move ilijjvii to the Sound cities and  Victoria, living in perpetual debauch.  Small pox, measles, and many other  diseases would often carry away one-  half of the large expeditions, and the  larger portion "of the other half would  reach the islands with the g'ermsof  these diseases and broken down in  health.  Now they stay at home, but in spite  of the new'moral brought to them; their  days are counted. Few children are to  lie seen and it will be only a question  of short years when the last Hyda will  disappear Earning a living with them  is an easy question, as they can make  money by fishing- for the dbg fish  oil works, or go across to the canneries.  They have gardens, and they can get  all the lish they want and know how- to  preserve it. They are clever mechanics,  their canoes are the best on the coast,  and find ready market from theSoUHu  to  Behring   sea.   selling- .from  S10U to  size almost incredible. Cedar and Virginia cypress or yellow cedar, and yew-  are found in large forests. The mild  damp climate also prevents forest tire  i to destroy the timber, as it often hap-  i pens elsewhere.  i The first gold discovery in British  i Columbia occurred on one of the Queen  j Charlotte Islands'in the early sixties, it  i was a thin vein of quarts,-shining* with  I free gold. The Hudson Bay Company  i brought miners from California and in  i a-short time the vein was mined and  I abandoned, where it sunk seaward. A  i great'portion of ' ie gold was lost by  been j shipAvreck, and .10 one knoAvs Iioav  i much gold there Avas but it certainly  avus in the hundred thousands.  The Hvdas Avere fierce and Avild then  and they''would not hIIoav A\diite men to  prospect.     Since,   a   few   old   placer  miners, have  done  a   little desultory  prospecting*, but only ai-ound Skidegate  and the eastern shore, no one has yet  penetrated the interior.  t fiji. i    Dr, Dawson put up a summer in  the  "������' tn*(. | group, but the larger part of his time  ' j Avas   devoted   to   geographical   Avork.-  j Still, his geological report gives an idea  I of   the   mineral Avealth  of the group.  lrou of good quality, copper ore, galena  rich in-silver, copper and iron pyrites  bearing gold have been found in many  locations.  Immense coal fields are -known, both,  on Graham and Morseby, the tAvo principal islands of the group. The fuel is  of all knoAvn qualities, froni the richest  anthracite to soft bituminous. Large  deposits of asphaPaim are knoAvn and  indications of petroleum have been  seen. The black sands all around tlie  group are rich in gold, and it is only  n*"ni' ii-**'   ***_���.*   ...   to  fair to believe that the first gold vein  discovered.will not be the last.  The rank vegetation on the shores  make it hard work to prospect, but  this is not the case in the interior.  The natives have a superstition Avhich  prevents them to go into the mountains  and Avhite men will have to do it Avith-  out their aid. To my mind, no part of  Canada offers better chance to the prospector. A small party could go there,  either Avith a good sloop or Avhaler, and  go from one harbor to the other, and  from that base reach the mountains.  There are tAvo principal villages,  Masset has a Hudson Bay post, a Mis  sion and three or four settlers avIio do a  little farming. There is a large tract of  half open land Avhere cattle raising is  carried on Avith great success, seAreral  hundred* head-of fine cattle are iioav  running Avild. Thousands of cattle  could be raised there for the market on  the mainland and up to Alaska.  Many thousand acres of land could  also be used for farming, iioav cleared  The forest is so thick that the cost of  clearing Avould be prohibitory except  on some alder bottoms. The soil is  rich, fertilizers abundant and no place  could equal the Ioav rich ground for  grassland hay. Skidegate has a large  oil Avork ana a Mission, and it is the  port Avhere steamers go most often.  going sknvly doAvn to the grave, Avho  will leave only their Avonderous Avood  carvings to speak for them, the Queen  Charlotte Island aviII yet. see a large  population of Avealthy inhabitant, and  become in time one of the fairest provinces of the Dominion. The sails of  its fishing fleet avill cover the sea, the  hammer of the miner Avill be heard  from one end to the other, and the  chhmiies of the saAvinills, smelters and  concentrators Avill be seen betAveen the  giant firs. The Alaska boom Avill have  many lasting- effects for Canada/and  perhaps the greatest Avill be the impulse  it will give"'to the settlement of the  beautiful valleys of the interior plateau,  and of the islands of the coast.���A. L.  Poudrier, in Trail Ncavs.        y;  Mr. Fickleby���Do you know, Miss  Dewitt, you looked charming at the ball  the other night.  Miss DeAvitt���Nonsense ; I don't believe it.  '  Mr. Fickleby������Oh, but you did.  Actually. I didn't recognize you at first.  Increase Your Business and Make Money  Full Prices.   Correct Selection  HANDLING  Thev carve their  totem poles in  hundred  .-MX i.  stone, tobacco boxes and a  different curios, for which  ready cash, in abundance. They also  make a special kind of ornaments in  gold and .sih'er, rings, bracelets, necklace, etc., for which there is a great demand.  Their houses are good anil substantial  and their standard of living much high-]  er than the average white man can pre-j  lend to. Flour, sugar, tea, coffee, j  canned meats, fruits, jams. presei'A'es I  and all of tlie best quality and most j  costly brands arc bought for one and!  sometimes two years ahead, and. their]  e.lothinir are also of the best and  costly kind.  The wealth of iish around the islands  could hardly be exaggerated. Cod of  the true specie can be caught on bank's  ig  am  ���nice.  Skill.  1 have seen a garden ' covered Avith  blooming violets, pansies, narcissus and  other fioAvers in midAvinter, ancl fruit  trees do very Avell. Frost is an exception and snow never stays more than a  day;or two. There is no deer on the  islands, unless it would be a feAV lately  imported, small black bears are numerous, and these Avith martins are a  source of income to the Indians, avIio  trap them in great number. Grouse,  ruffled and blue, are abundant,- and  ducks, g*eese, curleAvs, and Avoodcocks  can be gotten in infinite numbers and at  all seasons. The many small streams  are full of broAvn pools Vhere phenomenal catches of small gamey trout can be  had, and I don't believe "there is such  another spot in the Dominion Avhere it  is easier to find one's living Avith line  and gun.  The writer had occasion to make  several trips there, once the greatest  part of the year, summer and" Avinter  Avas employed in running around the  group. \Ve had a small schooner and  could go anvAvhere. We had the chance  of hunting fur and hair seals, sea. lions  and sea otters. We fished in. brooks  and streams and also at sea. We shot  ducks and geese' in such quantities that  Ave did notknoAV Avhat to do Avith them.  We enjoyed the hospitality oE Mr.  Robert Tennent, avIio oavus the oil  Avorks at Skidegate, and did honor to  his straAA*-berries", gooseberries, apples,  fresh milk, cream and��� Bantam eggs.  Mr. Tennent lias stocked a small island  in the harbor Avith,a specie of goat  Avhose meat is delicious, and once in a  Avhile he g*oes and shoots a kid, Avhen  tired of chicken, grouse, ducks and  geese.  It is almost incredible that at this  date, the islands are not yet surveyed,  and the only knowledge avc have of the  coast, is the more' than rou"-h survey of  Captain Vancouver, made over 100  years ago, and the soundings of three  or four harbors and the rough track  survey made by Dr. DaAvson of part of  the east coast. ' Many beautiful harbors  are not even.marked, o.n.the Admiralty  maps. With lots of warships idling <*it  Esquimalt harbor, and dozens of young  officers for Avhom such Avork Avoufd only  be good practice, one Avould not think  Philadelphia editor���I understand you  haA'e bought a ne/wspivper in the West.  Is it a avcII equipped office?  Old friend (from the West)���I should  ���smile. There are seventeen Winchesters in the composing room and tAvo  gatling guns at the head of the stairs.  Air Tight Heaters and Box Stoves at  Bourne Bros. The largest stock and  lowest prices in the Slocan.  Before the first baby is four mouths  old its photograph must be taken, and  copies sent by its. doting parents to relatives and dear friends. The second  baby, although it may be as beautiful  as a"poet's dream, is'a mighty lucky  youngster if it. gets its photograph taken  before it is four years old.  Furnish elegantly and cheap, Parlor'  sets in rugs and plush. New designs in  fancy chairs, couches, etc. At loAvest  prices at CroAvley's New Denver. Endless variety of-.Pillows, Bed�� and Mattresses.       V.   Some gentlemen once urged upon Mr.  Lincoln that Secretary Chase was ambitious and should be removed. Mr.  Lincoln's reply A\ras a story of a boy  Avho Avas trying to Avhip a fly from a  horse with" Avliich he Avas ploughing.  The father said: '-Let that 'ere fly  alone; it's Avhat makes the old horse  ���ffo." ______    '  An immense assortment of furniture  loAver than Coast prices, at Crowley's  NeAV Denver.   Freight paid on order  to Su.v>rl'**H and all Slocan points.  A cat sat on the old back fence,  his  comrades all had fled,  And as a natural consequence things  fleAv about his head ;  Bootjacks, bottles, stools and bricks the  neighbors Avild did fire,  But he his chops did calmhr lick  and  loudly yelled "Ma-ri-a !""  IMMEDIATE REMITTANCES,  Hides, Pelts, Wool,  TALLOW, GINSEHG, SENECA.  .Write for Circular giving latest Market Prices  Ropes  and  Tags Furnished Free  SIT*  ^Siipp  |E?^  {��$����,  M  EMMraaM*^  We?1'  ���"��$15  H|k  wp��  wis  w  JAS. MCMILLAN & CO.,  NO COMMISSION CHARGE  200-212 FIRST AVE. NORTH.        '  me.     Minneapolis, Minn.  Eosebery  The  northern  connecting point of  the C. P. R. on Slocan Lake.  Rosebery  Has the only  Slocan City.  safe harbor north ol  Bourne Bros, have received a direct  importation of Japanese Silk and  no\relties. Many articles of Japanese  art are suitable for Xmas. presents.  THE  CENTRAL  HOTEL  NEW   DENVER,  Has been n!-o]>i.'iH'.d under now management. With nicely furnished  rooms, and good, substantial meals to  back them, this hotel expects to acquire a reputatiun second to none in  Kootenay. The bar has a full stock  of the most modern nerve elevators.  JOHN HALPIN. Prop.  GORMAN WEST, Manager.,  Rosebery  It is at Rosebery where the beautiful Slocan steamer ties up over night  and where the employees can bring  their families.  Rosebery  Lots were put on the market June 28  arid are selling fast. You cannot  afford to wait if you Avant.alot. They  are going up.  Rosebery  Men are noAv grading and clearing  the townsite, and several buildings  are about to be erected.  Rosebery  Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Rosebery  Will become the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having abundance  of water and being easy of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.   '���  Rosebery  ��� cash; balance three and six  Port of  THOS. ABRIEL  CUSTOriS BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B��� C.  J.R.&B.Garoeron  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing'  ���: in the:���  -   Latest Style  ���: of the :-���  Tailors    FLt<t.  shoPLaLTHREE FORKS & SANDON.  The - -   '   ' "��� -        -  Terms,  months.  For full particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General   Agent  '&&&&&& U&&&&  GROCERIES,  DRY GOODS,  CLOTHING,  BOOTS & SHOES,  BU1LDEUS' SI: PPLIES,  STOVES, .  ENAMEL and TINWARE,  PAINTS, OILS, GLASS,    .  POWDER, FUSE, CAPS,  JESSOP & BLACK DIAMOND STEEL  CHATHAM WAGONS, ETC.,  AT LOWEST PRICES.  Ncav DeiiA-er, B. C  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  Is a neAV house, with new furniture and everything comfortable  for the taaveling public. The bar has the best goods in the  market. ANGRIGrNON BROS., Proprietors. *  The Jeb  reeFR  Vs.  they got! such a  state of affairs possible.    Hoav  near   i:h��� ��� group  marker'-! arc in  teeming  liv   mi  Dcri-ii  iluiinl  i-ni*-.  coil,  speeii  a nee.  fish are  Avralili i  is !!SC<I.  couid    f  Ha lib; it  !,  1C  'Hi:  lllllOll  '.�� he  in  n.-n  :V::, call  III'  ami a   inn  !'on ml.    A  ml  - in the  lint pornoi-  irnish  i-:   the  an  c.SI'  mil  iriti  >l riic rullack  ha<l in abimd-  tit tide ni' other  great source oi'  r lish alone now  a lions and seals  iniit'cd supply.  ���   food of t In- |.i.a-  many thousands of happy homes could  lie established there, in  a   most genial  climate, if only capital was introduced,  and if the'coal mines  Avere opened out,  and  if prospectors   Avould  only go   to  .vork and   locate  the  mineral -deposits  .sure, to  abound?    If the   forests   were  worked   and  sawmills   established;   if  the fisheries were only started in an intelligent'. Avay.   fish  oil,  fish glue, dried  cod. salt, skill, mackerel, herring,' halibut, salmon and so many other lish, .'ire  all there and could easily be the source  most I of great Avealth.    Let a few young men  j get together, who wish to pass a pleasant holiday, buy or charter a  sloop or  small schooner in Victoria or the Sound  cities, and sail for the Queen Charlotte,  and the Avnter can  promise them sport  of the best,   and   if  they   want to  mix  business with pleasure, they will find all  opportunity,    'hie  can  get   there with  steamer.** that    run   to   Skidgale everyj  few weeks, lint has then to depend on a  small boar to see   the   islands,   which is!  rather inconvenient,    '-���'.loops  or  small j  -'chiiimers ran   generally   be  chartered |  at Port IVsingion cr Port Simpson, am  in this wav a irreat deal of  rime can V  Large  And  Comfortable  THE  LKIRK  KOGirns  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates ��2.50  and {$3 per'day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  ef  Th6 Ledge  Is the finest west ofthe Red River   -The   Ledge   carries    the  largest stock of Printing Stationery in Kootenay, and can do  finer work than any print shop  west of Lake Superior  .    There are offices that quote  seemingly lower prices, but quality considered, The Ledge is  lower than any. No Chinese or  blacksmiths employed. Send orders bv-mail.- eipre^s. freight or  pack train   Spanish  lalibut is  or   11lack  ���rv  tiA-e.   ami   they   prepare   it    in   a  attrative  nainier.  Timber will be-,another great source  of riches in tin- future. Xowhere in  Oanada ran .-ar-ii forests be seen, the  .Vloiixic- !ir. the Kimvlman snruce. the  sVesferi! iw-'n'oci.. -.-vow I o a 'height and  up  I to  til  iere. with steamers.  land  sa v  .. but  from  : siiA'ed by goinu'  An time is good to go to the i  of Course tile fall   is tin'   best  Oct eber to .January.  Ihe most western islands of Canada,  basking in I he warm sun of the Pacilk  ocean, the home of an  interesting race.  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a neAA* three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men Avill appreciate the home comforts of  this hotel.  By sending  Von can olitiiin  ,-i rcirp!  e's  3 v?  copyof  A    If you are in the Slocan  metropolis call  in and see  our plant, but do not touch our bull pup's pup, or allow the cyclone  caused by our fast cylinder press to blow your plug- hat out ot the  rear tunnel. Come in folks when you have any job printing to  do, or cash thar, is too heavy to carry, and we will give you a  profitable solution of your trouble.     Come, gentle pilgrims, come.  on the Slocan.  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  3RANDO;  BARRETT!  Parties  requiring  special   designs of:  CAvelry, etc, made to  order  for  Xmasi  goods are aahised to leave their orders j  j early at Knox  Rros.  Full Line  of  Trouserings ai*v  iiuitins'S and  ���ivs on hand.  Dining Room ancl Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  Avell furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevtv, Slocan Lake, B.C. flFTH  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVEU, B.C., DECEMBER 23, 1897.  3  <-���  A  %w.  ^PPy Th0lJ5hts of ^orpe  and Co^nt^y? Interspersed With FUrmyisi-ps.  A    T.KGKNJl)    OF    CHRISTMAS    KVE.  JIV A1ITHUK I.BAV1S TUHKS.  1 remember tlio dear old mansion  By the side of the village street.  Aim the. winding walk, where the maples  Like an archway used to meet.  1 think ot the happy voices  That rang through the olden halls,  And a thousand gladsome picture*  My memory recalls.  I remember the time of rejoicing.  When we all came home once more,  And the kisses and pleasant greetings  That met each one at the door.  For it ail comes back like a vision.  And 1 seem for a time to see  The kindly and loving faces  Of the ones so dear to me.  It was Christmas Eve, when the moonlight  Kissed the world's white breast of snow.  Thai we twined bright wreaths of the holly  And the beautiful mistletoe,  The bells from the distant steeples _  , Were sounding their sweetest chime,  With the message of peace from heaven  That, comes at Christinas-time.  We hung up the children's stockings  By the chimney, all in a row,  And gathered about the hearthstone  In tlie yule-log's merry glow.  We saw, in the burning embers,  Whatever our souls would see;  For the night was a gladsome carol,  And the morrow a song of glee.-  Then she whom we loved the dearest,  Sweet Alice, with sunny hair,  Witli eyes that were hints of heaven,  And a face that was angel-fair,  With hands for a fond devotion  To tho tendere.st task of all.  Bedecked with the greens we had gathered  The old clock out in the hall.  For we calledit the family legend.  Which we loved and tried to believe  That the old clock's chime was a blessing  At midnight on Christmas Eve;  And we thought the departed loved ones, ���  Unseen, were hovering near  To give us a benediction  Ol peace for the coming year.  Tho. years have passed, and the mansion  Still stands by the village street;  But there cemes no more at twilight  The sound of familiar feet.  There are some old friends remaining.  But many have passed awiiy,  And I lound in my locks this morning  A sprinkling ol "silver-gray,  1 can hear the bells in the steeples���  Thoy are sounding their sweetest chime ;  Ami they bear to my heart a message  From the beautiful olden time.  And the tear on my eyelash trembling  From its kindred does not part,  But it sinks with its weight of sadness  And drops on my burdened heart.  'Tis Christinas Eve, and the moonlight  Tints tho world's white breast of snow :  1 can only look in the embers  And dream of the long ago.      ������-   But theold clock stands in the hallway,  With its Christmas legend of love,  For the blessings that earth" has buried  Are waiting iu heaven above.  ����0U?- Uady oF the Si-ioW.  When Rudyard Kipling in one of his  grand poems styled Canada "Our Lady  of the Snows" a set of Canadian writers  in a moment of weakness raised quite a  tempest over the matter and roundly denounced the poet's seeming inadvertance  '* as reflecting inauspiciously on this Canada  of ours. Presuming to speak for the  people of Canada they seek to repudiate  the title, and fail to recognise the intrinsic beauty and euphony of the significance conveyed in the designation.  The title has come to stay! The grand  conception of a master mind, it dwarfs  into insignificance all the petty critici-  aims and pessimistic prophecies of those  who deny our prestige or decry our destiny.  "Our Lady" at once denotes a possession common to the family of the Motherland and her Colonies to which every  member of the great dominating Anglo-  Saxon-Celtic race can point and say:  "She is one of ours,and the brightest jewel  in the British Crown���Our Lady." The  highest ideal of lovely womanhood, and  next to Divinity itself the object of  man's adoration, awakening those  ecstatic thrills of emotion that unfold  tales of untold affection and love.  Our Lady of the Siioavs: significant of  stately dignity, of purity, grandeur,  beauty and power. What title more  fitting to arouse ancl inspire a proud  loyalty and devotion.  The title has come to stay. Let us  survey the realms of Our Lady.  Stand with me on the peaks of our  British Columbian mountains and behold the "Sea of Mountains" on every  side lifting their glacier-crested billows  of peaks and ranges; peak after peak  and range after range to the limits of the  horizon," hiding in their rugged breasts  all the rich treasures of gold ancl silver,  lead and copper and iron and coal.  Dive down to the depths of our mountain  lakes, 'mong the salmon, the silver, the  speckled and the rainbow trout, the  grayling and the shoals of scarlet "red-  fish" that Btem the mountain torrents. Drift down the rivers to the  Pacific Ocean and view the fertile valleys  and cozy nooks where the farmer, the  dairyman and the fruit-grower delight  to dwell.  Climb the giddy heights of the Rocky  Mountain chain and measure the vast  expanse of the great prairies with their  diversity of hill and dale, of lake and  plain, their mighty rivers rolling lown  to the golden Klondike.  Step OA'er the prairies and skip along  the broAV of the Laurentian hills and  and look down on the stately forests,  the broad' fields and the gardens ancl  orchards of old Ontario, Quebec, New  Brunswick ancl Nova Scotia to the shores  ofthe Atlantic, and tell me what you  think of the  Dominion of  "Our Lady of  the BnoAVS." .    '    , ���  She claims all the vast domain ancl in  due season she wraps her white snowy  mantle around the', mountain sides,  spreads it over tbe prairie and the forest;  and winter is on.  Is   all   silent    and    drear?     Listen!  Through the deep forest the axe ofthe  woodman rings sharp and clear. The  hum of the thresher tells of the golden  grain preparing for market. The jingle  ofthe bells and the sharp zip zip of the  steel-shod sleigh speak of the crowds  from every sideline and concession  thronging to the busy marts of trade.  The smoke from thousands of stacks  rises in solid columns in the' clear ^air  while the iron horses of the Intercolonial,  the Grand Trunk and the C. P. R.  traA'ersing the land from the'Atlantic to  the Pacific leava behind them an almost  unbroken chain of fleecy clouds.  And let us remember when Jack Frost  bites ancl winter roars aiound our homes  that God's great ploughshare is subsoil-  ing and ameliorating our fields and the  work of fertilization is going on; that  underneath the downy covering of shoav  the tender seeds and rootlets of vegetation are being cherished and preserved.  Soon a change comes o'er the scene.  Our Lady wave's her wand and beckons  the fair maids of Spring Avho eome trooping and skipping, skipping, skipping,  over the mountains and o\rer the hills,  laden Avith the genial warmth of the returning sun ancl the balmy breezes of  the sunny Southland. With laughter  and song and smiles and tears they  chase Jack Frost to the confines of the  North ancl once again the fields are  decked with floAvers of Spring and  Nature's face is gay.  The farmer speeds the ploAV and sows  his seed at morn, at noon and deAvy  eve, and when our unclouded summer  sun pours doAvn his flood of light and  heat, driving man and beast into the  forest shades, there is ripening over the  broad expanse all the fairest and richest  and most nutritious products of the  e*irth in grains and grasses, in vegetables ancl roots, and fruits ancl berries,  while o'er the'green pastures and sunny  slopes of a thousand hills the flocks and  herds are brousing and feeding and  fattening mid drowsy tinklings.  With a healthful climate and no stint  of cheap food for inau and beast Ave have  beyond ancl above all a free and enlightened', fearless, ingenious, enterprising, industrious, stalwart, Christain  people ready to Avork'with'their hands,  but apt and skillful to bend to their aid  all the finest and most efficient appliances of human art and device.  The title has come to stay.  . All Hail! liudyard Kipling, Ave thank  thee. All Hail! "Our Lady - of the  Snows". We love thee. We toast thee  this Christmas morn, loyally; royally,  joyfully, and pledge thee our unswerving  devotion and ambition to uphold thee  and maintain thee, in dignity peace and  honor. May you thrive and prosper and  grow up a big graceful sister to our  brawny brother Jonathan.  New.Denver,  1897.  W. D. MrrcriKLL.  best of Avines,the most glorious tobacco,  three beautiful wives, and no going  to church."  Tavo wan, ghastly, forlorn speeters  encountered each other unexpectedly.  "Let me pass," exclaimed one of the  two, Avith a feeble attempt to be  haughty and scornful, "I am Trilby,"  "I will." replied the other, with a hol-  Ioav cough, stepping- aside. "I believe  you are deader than I am. Pm The  Heavenly Tavuis."  "T'ing-s in this Avorl"," said Uncle  William, "is erbout ekallv divided."  "You think so?"  "Yes, suh. De yaller fever, fer instance, is confined ter de white race,  but be small pox mos" inginerally gits  de nigger."  ,   -*���*���*��-���  Wife���The tailor said he couldn't  make the "-own for me for less than  S225, so I told him to go ahead.  Husband���Why in the Avorld didn't  you consult me first ?      ,  Wife���I didn't Avant to spend thecal*  fare for tAvo visits, dear.  "������%,  A man Avho wanted to learn Avhat profession lie Avould have his son enter, put  liim in a room with a Bible, an apple  and a dollar bill. If he found him when  he returned reading the Bible, he would  make a clergyman of him ; if eating the  apple, a farmer; and, if interested in  the dollarbill, a banker. When he did  return he found the boy sitting on the  Bible with the dollar in his pocket, ancl  the apple almost devoured. He made  a politician of him.  At a dinner party, the coachman had  come in to help" Avait on the table.  Among the guests was a very deaf old  lady. The coachman, in handling  vegetables, comes   to the deaf'party.  No answer.'  Still no an-  SAver from the D. P., but, placing her  ear trumpet to her ear, lifts it interrogatively to the man, Avho ejaculates :  "Well, its a rum Avay of taking them,  but I suppose she likes it. Here goes!"  and down went'ithe peas into the ear  trumpet.  Xmas  Goods  Arriving daily at  Knox Bros., in the  shape of���  Watches, ,���  Diamonds,  Sterling Silver Novelties,  Celuloid Goods,  Clocks,  Jewelry, Etc.  Leave your orders  early for special  designs of Jewelry  "Peas, mum?" says John  "Peas, mum?" (louder)  A good woman is seldom the cause of  any evil. It Avas not Eve, but the  craAvling J eptile.: that dispossessed the  Adam family of its pleasant pre-emption.  ���       ���%���  "Do you.like poetry, Nellie?"   "Yes,  George."     "What kind   do ��� you   like  best?"    "Well,   Avheneyer I'see   you  Avalking I admire the poetry of motion."  <%  "Ah!" exclaimed a dude to a somewhat noted dudine;   "why have you  dyed your hair ?"  '"Oh", because George Avished it. He  Avanted my hair to match the color of  his horses'"  A Scotch minister Avas sorely kept  under by his "better-half," avIio'placed  him ancl his friends on very short allowance. On one occasion he had a visit  from an old acquaintance, and after  patiently Avaiting for his wife's departure she' at length, as he thought, retired for the night. She had no sooner  left than the hen-pecked husband exult-  ingly exclaimed : "I am determined to  be Ciesar of my oavu house!" and at the  same time rang the bell and ordered  refreshments. Just as he and his friend  Avere beginning to enjoy themselves,  "my lady" (who had overheard her unfortunate   lord's   boastful    ejaculation)  Has an  Immense  Stock of, ���  RE^DY-SVBADE  CLOTHING,  BOOTS & SHOES  No necessitv for  freezing to death  if you have a few  dollars to invest in  this kind of stock.  Call in,  The prices will astonish you.  RESTAURANT  In NEW DENVER is ahvays ready to do  business. It has never closed its doors  on account of the little financial breezes  that blow adversely occasionally in the  Silvery Slocan. The weary and hungry  pilgrim has ahvays been able to get his  wants, and in consequence they call again  when in town. Keep your eye on the  Sunday dinners.  JACOBSON & CO.  ni mil i ini��� iramimm  QTEL SANDON,  7ft     7ft     ^     ^i\     ^     ?ft  EMPTY   STOCKINGS.  HY KTXEN MANIA'.  Oh. mothers in homes that are happy  where Christmas comes laden with cheer  Where the children are dreaming1 already  Of the merriest day in the year."  As you gather your darlings around you  And tell them the "story of old,"  Hcmember the homes that are dreary !  Remember the hearts that are cold!  And thanking: the love that has dowered you  With all that is dearest and best,  Give freely, that from your abundance  Some bare little life may be blessed !  Oh. go where the stockings hang empty,  Where Christmas is naught but a name,  And give���for the love of che Christ-child :  Twas to seek such as these that He came.!  ���The Ladies' Home Journal.  Sopped her head in at the door and said  rmly :   "Caesar, come to'bed 1"  "I know I've got a vein of poetry in  me, sir," confidentlyassertedthe young  man to the editor,  chance to bring it  On Harris'Pond,  Next Saturday  DEC. 25th  And  continuing  throughout  the Season.  Sandon, B.C.  TpHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is*  well equipped to accommodate a large  number of Guests.      The building is plastered  and the rooms are  unsurpassed  for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining' Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cun nng, Proprietor.  The Clifton House,  "and all I Avant is a  out.   What  Avould  atou suggest, sir  I think Arou  had  better see a doctor and have it lanced."  pWnss ^orP fife  A poet proffering his Avork to an editor said:  "This is a small poem, but quality is  the main thing. I venture to think  you'll find it true poetry."  Having read it, the editor put it into  a draAver, and, handing the poet a ten  cent piece, said:  "Tliis is a smallish coin, but 1 am so  hold as to hope that you will be pleased  Avith its purity     It is nearly all silver."  A young- English officer, whose duties  detained him in Constantinople, Avrites  to his cousin in London that the commonly conceived idea "there is no place  like home," is all poetry and there is no  truth in it. "Constantinople," he writes  to his cousin, "is the place. Here, for  the paltry sum of $500 sterling a year, a  man of moderate desires may live like  prince, have a comfortable home, the  Cowboy (by moonlight on the praries)  ���The preachers say as Iioav folks die  and go to live in the stars. Can you  b'lieve that, pard ?  Partner���It mought be, Bill. "Noav  there goes a shootin" star ; some cowboy  must hev got sent thar."  *%*  Citizen (to Uncle Rastus, avIio is driving a mule with.a heavy load on)���Oh,  I say, Uncle Rastus, I want to speak  Avith you a moment.  Uncle Rastus���Kaint doit now, boss;  'deed I kaint. I got dis yere mule  sta'ted, 'an ef I stop him now he'll neber  Admission  Ladies Free.  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a large number of i>eople. ' The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everyUiing in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckle3', Prop.  Season Tickets, $3.  r  t����0*��0������990������|  ^    '%���   ���*%'    -%���  "V   -^    "fk-    ���**&'    -1  '%���    *%-    ���%���    '���V ��� ^  rim  *%* ^ ���*����� -%. +>  *   <%>   ���%.   ���%>   ^   ���**  "*&-    -""St*-    *<fc-    "%-    "(ti*-  *���%,    ^  OUR   OWN.  If I had known in the morning  How wearily all the day  The ,vofds unkind  Would trouble my mmd  I said Avhen you went awav,  I had been more careful, darling,  Nor given you heedless pain.  But we" vexed "our own1"  AVith look and tone  We may never take back again.  For though in the quiet e\'cning  You may give me the kiss of peace,  Yet it might be  That never for me  The pain of the heart should cease.  How many go forth in the morning  That never come home at night;  And hearts have broken  For harsh words spoken  That sorrow can ne'er set right.  AVe have careful thoughts for the strain  Aud smiles for sometime guest;  But oft for "our own"  The bitter tone.  Though we love "our own" the best.  Ah. lips with the curve impatient!  Ah. brow with that look of scorn !  'T were a cruel fate,  Were the night too late  To undo the work of morn.  L  E  NEW   DENVER,    B C.  Agents for B. C. Sugar Refinery and Royal  City Planing Mills.  Rooms and Board.  Rates Reasonable.  This House is plastered  and is one of the most comfortable in the Slocan.  Everything new and first-  class.  N. C. DINGMAN.  IQ&9&9Q9&&&9999&  To Prospectors     j  and Claim Owners;  Mining Properties of  all kinds wanted for  English market.  j    '���'8k'    *%���    ^f  '-***-)��    "*fe-    -***V    "**&-  |    -*%-���%  '������  .���%.    "ft-    ���%.    -%���  j   -v   ������%   ���%.  ���%'���%*'%���  j-%-    ^-    ,*Jfe-    "H*  I   ^   ^   **���  '-***&   -**>>v   ***^   ^*v  -"ft-      -**'W      '^  i The assessment is $2 in dust,  I- Nuggets, or anything of Commercial value  If you are going to the Klondike  take a copy of THE LEDGE with  you.  journey  seekers.  It  will cheer you on the  to   that   mecca   of gold  F  SILVERTON, B. C.  na  Is the leading hotel ofthe  city, and headquarters for  Mining and Commercial men.  The house is new, the rooms  all plastered, and the furniture in use is of the latest  and most serviceable patterns  The service in the Dining room is the best that can he  provided. The bar is replete with the best wines, liquors  and Cigars. JAMES   BOWES.  ssmsae  s&m&M  tsmummm^aea  AMOS THOMPSON,  Manager.  .R.  B. THOMPSON,  \V.  D.  MITCHELL  Secretary.  Notary Public  ST RAT HERN.  Jeweler  KASLO CITY.  B.C  Send full particulars to  Minin- Broker  RICH Alii)  l'. o. li.ix 7.-,-;  '���LEW MAX  I.OS-.l.Mni  I'l.  NEAV DENVER,   B.C.  Mines and  Mining  Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    ^c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for  Phoenix  Insurance Co.  of London, Eng.  The only Practical Watchmaker  nny    District.     Orders  by  mail  attciitinii.  in the  Koi'tc-  ���i.-ccive pr(iin|i  ALL WORK (HrA!UNIEEI) ^WW0,..a  /"  THE LEDaE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 23, 1897.  Fifth Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T.  LOWERV, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three month? ���* -i-m  Six "          "������-���������  Twelve  - :  -"���<*  Three yeaks ��� ��� ���**of-  Transient Advertising, ���.'"> cents ix-r line first in  sertion, IU cents iier lin<; subsequent insertions  nonpareil.measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Cji-resiKiii'dence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paper if you \vi.-*h. Ahvays send something good  no matter how crude. 'Get your copy in while it  is hot, and we will do the rest  THUKSDAY*, DECEMBER 23.   1897.  big* navy while there are yet other]  worlds to conquer, that chamber de- j  serves all the penalties so often  threatened for lese inajeste. The  brilliancy ofthe movement���which is  | directly aimed at England--will be  marred when the British Colonies are  federated for purposes of trade, and  German manufactures so thoroughly  discriminated against that domestic  discontent at home will shorten the  supply of men and material for foreign service.  TERRORS   OE   A    A'OLCASQ.  fiOVKR VJI KN*T   , > WNKRSH1 P.  The tramways of the city of Liverpool, England,   have passed into the  (possession   of   the   city   corporation  which is now working them.    There  are 6(1   miles of tramways.    About  20,000,000 passengers are carried annually,   and the company has been  jiaying five per cent, dividend.    The  ���corporation paid the company $2,800,-  000, which was the par value ofthe  shares plus $7.50 per share as prospective interest for several years at  five'per cent, by way of compensation  .-for  the   relinquishing   of its lease,  which would not have expired till the  year 1915.    The   net   profits of the  company have been about $194,000 a  year.   The company paid the corporation a rental of' the same amount,  ���out of which the corporation maintained the lines, and paid its interest  and sinking fund charges on the capital, the lines having been originally  <  constructed by the city council.   Last'  year under municipal management  -$120,420 were required for interest  and sinking fund,  and $60,000 was  spent on maintaining the lines.    The  amount of surplus profit was $25,000.  There are people in this country  foolish enough to assert that governments should not own or operate such  public works as railroads and telegraphs.   Our grandfathers   thought  the same about postoffices in the days  when a quarter was paid to express  companies for the conveyance of a  letter to the nearest toAvn,   and the  world might still be in the stone-age  of postal service were  it not for the  genius of one man,   Rowland  Hill.  Every  year   we find the cordon of  railroad   monopoly   drawing closer,  and the Canadian  public are kept in  a state of perpetual  ferment and dis  quiet, least some new railroad scheme  of tranny  will  be launched against  them by an  irresponsible monopoly.  What does it matter to us if silver  goes up or doAvn,  so long as the cost  of living and everything that enters  into the production of silver is in the  hands of a corporation  Avhose fiat is  law,   and over  whose despotic acts  and decrees the people   have neither  control or influence ?  The action of the city of Liverpool  is, on a small scale, an object lesson  to us in Canada. The lease granted  to the C.P.R. Avill in a feAv years expire and the Canadian people will  find.a way to abolish a despotism  which is in every sense intolerable.  The public will buy out the monopoly  on the basis of an equitable analysis  of what the railroad received from  the public in land, money and valuable concessions, against the actual  assets of the company. The land  which tlie company received from a  corrupt parliamentary majority under the malign influence of Sir John  MaeDonnld will revert to the people,  instead of"being exploited to enrich a  gang of vampires, who are dreaming  away their lazy existence in European luxury.  STILX    THEY    COME    OVEK.  J. M. Kellie, M.P.P., for the north  riding of West-Kootenay has deserted  the Government and joined the ranks  of the enemy, his principal reason  being that he was not consulted in  the appointment of a Gold Commissioner at Revelstoke. Kellie's head  is level. He sees the approaching  storm, and is trying to get under  shelter before the rain of defeat  strikes him.  The thorough revision of our mining  laws should demand the attention of  our next Provincial legislature. T he  attempt at revision made at the last  session only helped to make confusion worse confounded as every mining man can testify. Our foundation  principle required is that ail mineral  land should be exempt from sale, and  the continuous employment of labor  insisted on. This would prevent the  locking up of a large portion of our  mineral lands to the detriment of  trade and the interests of the community at large. In Australia and  'New Zealand where a half century of  mining experience has thoroughly  educated the people on the needs of  mining, mineral lands are for ever  reserved from., sale and   no  crown  grant is ever issued which would  save the best claim in the country  from being jumped if work was suspended on it for two days.  Canadians will sympathise with the  President and people of the Republic in their national bereavement  of "Mother" McKinley, the honored  mother of the chief executive, whose  character was a model for the women  of this continent. The filial devotion  of Major McKinly, throughout his  mothers illness, distracted as he must  be by pressing affairs of state, is an  object lesson to the youth of our time.  Some idea uf the terror of volcanoes  may be gathered from an account of an  eruption in one of the Hawaiian Islands  when the crater was filled fron 500 to  500 feet deep Avith molten lava, the immense weight of Avhich broke through  a subterranean passage of 27 miles and  reached the sea, 40 miles distant, in two  days, flowing for three weeks and heating the water 20 miles distant:   "Rocks  melted like Avax   in its path;   forests  crackled and blazed before its fervent  heat; the Avorks of man were to it but  as a   scroll   in   the   flames.     Imagine  Niagara's   stream,  above the brink of  the Falls,  with its   dasking, whirling,  madly-raging waters,  hurrying on to  their plunge, instantaneously converted into fire; a gory-hued river of fused  minerals;   volumes   of   hissing   steam  arising; smoke curling upAvard fron ten  thousand Arents, which gave utterance  to the .many'deep-toned"mutterings and  sullen, confined clamorings; gasee detonating   and   shrieking   as tlie burst  from     their    hot   prison-house;     the  heavens lurid Avith flame; the atmosphere dark and oppressive ; the horizon  murky Avith vapors and gleaming Avith  the   reflected, contest.   Such  Avas   tne  scene as the fiery cataract, leaping a  precipice of 50 feet,   poured   its flood  upon the ocean.   The old line of coast,  a mass of compact idurated  lava, whitened,  cracked, and  fell.    The waters  recoiled and sent forth a tempest  of  spray , they foamed and lashed around  and over tlie melted rock ; they boiled  with the heat, and the roar of the conflicting  agencies    grew    fiercer    and  louder.   Tlie reports of the exploding  gases  Avere distinctly heard 25 miles  distant, and  were likened to a Avhole  broadside of heavy artillery.   Streaks  of  the  intensest ** light   glanced   like  lightning in all directions ; the outskirts  ofthe burning lava as it fell, cooled by  the shock', were shivered into millions  of  fragments,   and   scattered   by the  strong wind   in sparkling showers far  into the country.   Six weeks  later, at  the base of the hills", the water continued scalding hot, and sent forth clouds of  steam et everv wash of the AA-aves."  1  aek of Montreal  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40  Sir^Donald A. Smith,  Gr.CM.G-. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  RS.Clouston, General Manager,  A. Macnider, Chief Inspector &Supt. of Branches.  A. B. Buchanan, Inspector of Branch returns.  W. S. Clouston,  Assistant Inspector.  James Aird, Secretary.  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States. ���     .. V.    v.  New Denver branch  A general banking business transacted.  (  Laundry business to sell or rent. Good  paying concern. Contents and house  will be sold cheap for cash. Also, a neAV  Singer  sewing   machine. Apply   at  Laundry, (publicwharf.)  Christmas  Goods  atChristmas  Prices  Now is your time  to invest in a new  " suit. I am offering to my customers for this  month only, special   bargains in  C. S.-RASHDALL.  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,  SOLD  and BONDED.   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing  Suits  $2000  ranging    from  up  Pants from $6.00  up. Overcoats  that will astonish  the natives.  H. T. BRAGDON,  New Denver, B.C.  A    Smart   T>etective  Sergeant Moser on one occasion saAV  a Avaiter in a cafe in Soho  receive and  place in his pocket a   letter Avhich the  detective believed to be from a criminal  a kuoAA-ledge of Aviiose  whereabouts he  was anxious to obtain. He therefore  dropped his ring on tlie floor and asked  the man to look for it. Alplionse, expecting a'reAvard, immediately AA'cnt on  lis hands and knees, and Avhile thus  engaged Sergeant. Moser abstracted the  letter from his pocket and thus obtained tlie means of'bringing* a forger to  justice. Who can doubt "that this was  a justifiable act? But if,instead, Sergeant Moser had suborned another person  to steal for reAA'ard, and without telling  hinv the object'in view, he Avould most  assured!a* ha\-e acted vavv Avronghr.  Do not miss this opportunity  for our Worsteds, Serges,  Tweeds, . Trouserings '��� and  Overcoatings arc the newest  and best in the Slocan country. Satisfaction guaranteed  or   money   refunded.  A. n. Wilson,  The Reliable Slocan Tailor  Williamson Block. New Denver.  "JJ.OWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M, London, Eiij!  To each and all our  friends and patrons is  our earnest wish; 'n.?ay  the day be one of joy  and happiness���of immense    appetites   and | Pro-writes  examined   and   reported on for m  sumptuous   spreads  Assay office and Chemical  Laboratory, Belle-  vue aA'c, New Denver, B C.  The French proverb that there is  comfort in reading* of. the miseries ot.  others reminds us that Ave can console  ourselves with the reflection that if  Ave have a. self-seeking land-grabbing  adininstration to impoverish us, our  cousins across the line have a pension  list which is fast developing into the  most niagiiificient financial octopus on  earth, lor it swalloAvs thirty-two' million dollars a year more than the  entire customs revenue, and nearly  one-half of the federal revenues. Pa-  atriotisin in the United-States is indeed a golden virtue that absorbs  $150,000,000 a year. The further our.  friends'get away from the war-days  the longer the list of warriors. The  United States is a wonderful country  in many respects and the latest marvel is that its war-scarred veterans  never die while they have a pension  office worth living for.  The new German Minister of For  eign affairs is evidently a man of  action, one after his imperial masters  own heart, and if his brilliant achieve  ments in bullying little Hayti and  getting a foothold in China does not  compel  tlie  reichtag  to vote him  a  Finish    Vour   Work.  Always finish work that you begin.  One tiling finished is worth a hundred  half done. The completion of an undertaking yields more pleasure and  profit than'dozens .of plans. The man  avIio is ahvays planning and scheming  is rarely, if e.Arer, successful. He often  furnishes ideas for others, who go per  sistently to work and finish what his  ideas suggested. ''That Avas my idea���  my plan,5' Ave frequently hear some one  say: but the man who carried it out  Avasthe one a\-|io benefitted himself and  others. Do not begin what you cannot  finish. What you undertake to do, do, j  and reap the reward..of your own ideas;  and skill. ;  A    Dangerous    Hill.  of pure and end-ling-  thoughts���of love and  tender feeling tOAvard  the few and many, far  and near .    .    .    .  If you Avant to make your  home bright; and comfortable, and the wife, mother,  husband, brother, ana  children happy, you ought  to get one, two or a dozen  of our handsome Rocking  or Easy Chairs���-Child's .  Rockers���a Centre Table  ���Lounge���or something  out of our handsome stock  that Avill give comfort and  ease and happiness.  WALKER BROS. & BAKER,  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  1     DRISCOLL, C. E.,  I ominion & Provincial  La d Surveyor.  N��>\v  D envoi*  Furniture Dealers and Jlnpa'irers  's     Undertakers and Kmbaliiiors.  N. B.���\Are have the only practical Undertaker  and Emliiilmor doing business in the Sloean.  Sloean Citv, B.C  13  R. A. S. MARS  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  .Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I earry one of the largest  and best assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Kootenay,  and shall he pleased to quote  prices upon anything required  m my line.  ���cnavrani  EleQ-ant,    Useful   Furniture.  Twenty styles of pretty  Chairs.  Ladies'     I  IT  AV.  S. Dreavkv  Kaslo, B.C.  H. T. Twigu  Xew Denver, B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  ford, McNeil Code.  Start from VANCOUVER  The. 81   hills of tlie   iioav   Dominion!  issue, arc  not  safe to-leave in  circula-l  tion.    The ground work is the same as i  that  of- tlie   revenue  stamps used  on j  cigar boxes, and by  simply .flitting* out j  a figure from the  latter  and  pasting-it  over  the  figure   1   of   the  bill  a   five!  dollar  bill   can   be manufactured  that'  will be accepted  ninety-nine,  times out  of   one    hundred    Avithout  .detection.  Several of such   bills  have been passed  in the city and  people should examine  five dollar bills closely to see  that they  are not taking- a bad   one.     Business  men think that the new  bills should be  recalled, and alterations made Avhereby  the raising of ones to fives by the mean's  described   would  be  rendered impossible.  It makes a very stout man feel his  stoutness more than ever to yield his  seat in a street-car to a lady, and then  haA'e three of them plump into it and  have plenty of room.  Pictures framed. A large invoice of  frames and mouldings just received at  CroAvlev's Furniture Store.  1.  VANCOUVER is the best outfitting- point on the Coast; goods  considerably cheaper than in the  United States.  A'ANOOUVKK is the ne;.i.rest port oi'dopiirt-  ure to the Yukon District.  VANCOl'VEIt is the  terminus  of the C. V.  Railway,  whose steamers  will   start from  A'.-ine.ouver this spring.  All norih-hoimd steamers call nl VANCOUVER,  Direct, steamers  to   Yukon  ports have now  commenced to run from \-'A>>'COU VEIi.  A'ANCOUV'KIl   is the  only Canadian  port  where passengers transfer direct from train  to steamer.  KLONDIKE is in Canada. Outfit in VANCOUVER and save .'iO per cent. Customs  Duty.  \V. GODFREY,  President Board of Trade, Vancouver, B. C.  ("1 M. WOODWORTH,  M.A.,  LL.B.  NOTARY PUBLIC, '  CONVEYANCER, Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTAmE  Slocan City, B.C.  T^    G. FAUQUIER.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp, B.C.  in Cane, Reed Work and  Upholstered in French  Silk Brocatelle, Plush and Damask: ornaments for  any Drawing Room���      _   a      ^jfc vj     5(D\  each.  Handsome" and  acceptable presents in Ladies' Secretaries, Bookshelves, Fancy Polished Tables at  $1.00 each.  I have too much stock for the times,  and am reducing prices to cost of  freight   and   handling*.       Another  large car  has just arrived for me  and  is now' unloading at Denver  siding-.  Stock too heavy;  Prices to Zero.  Fifty dozen Al chairs at GO cents each.  Fifty patterns of silk and  other  covers with trimmings tor sale by the yard  D. M. Crowley,  Thirty years' practical Upholsterer.  Near the Ledge office,  NeAV Denver.  ZSSSSSSOSSSi  Motelis op Kootenay  SLOCAN HOTEL,  New Denver, IT. Stege  Men- Wanted���To rent well-furnished room or cahins neAvly built. Save  hotel fare, and have a comfortable house  for only SB a month. Apply to Thompson, Mitchell & Co.  Female cook Avanted at the Slocan  Hospital.  Everything* necessary in the making  of Xmas. cakes and pies can be purchased at Bourne Bros.  The Masquerade Ball to be given by the  Knights of Pythias of Nevr Denver on  XMAS EVE,  Will be the first masked ball held on  Slocan Lake. All masks are to be raised  to the Admission Committee upon enter  ing the hall. Dancers will unmask at 11  p. m.  ST.  New Denver,  JAMES.  Angrignon Bros.  ASSAVEHS OF B. G.  HOWARD WEST,  New Denver.  Bxandon, B. C,  WINDSOR RESTAURANT.  New Denver, A. Jacobson & Co.  THE FILBERT.  Sandon,  HOTEL   SANDON.  Sandon,  R. Cunning-  Tickets  including Sapper  $2.00  THE CLIFTON HOUSE,  Sandon, John Buckley  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C, Weaver  HOTEL WELLINGTON,  Three Forks, J. S Reeder  J. M.  Silverton.  M. BENEDUM,  FRANK  Slocan City.  DICK,  J^.E. PALMER, C.E.  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE SURVEYOR.  P.O. Box 214.  Sandon, B.C  GWILLIM & JOHNSON.  (MeGilU  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  ylocan City,  B r.  Assay Price List:  Gold, Silver, or Lead, each  $1.50  Gold, Silver and Lead, combined  3 00  Gold aud Silver  2 00  Silver and Lead.  2 00  Copiier (by Electrolysis) *... 2 00  Gold, Silver. Copper and Lead  4 00  Gold and Copper  2 50  Silver and Copper  2 50  Gold. Silver and Copper  3 00  Platinum  5 00  Mercury  2 00  Iron or Manganese  2 00  Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each  2 00  Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each  4 00  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and percentage of Coke, if Coking-  Coal)  0  Terms: '.Cash With Sample.  June 20th. 1895.  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  Chas. A. Stoess,  Assoc. M. Inst. C. E. M. Can. Soc. C. E.  CIVIL ENGINEER.  Provincial Land Surveyor.   MiningSurveying  Kaslo, B. C. Fifth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 23, 1897.  she uoved H*nn .Top wen  PREHISTORIC   BATTtK.  Kan.���Professor  eminent  Edwin  archaeologist and  The romance of gambling in San Francisco had its center in the old El Dorado  on the Plaza.   The almost eA-eryday incidents connected Avith  that  temple of  fate and fortune would have made an interesting A'olume, but those who AA'ere  actors in these startling dramas had no  leisure to  seek   the  quiet that induces  literary work.    Themseh-es a part of the  malestrom, they .were important particle in the vortex, and  finally disappeared with   their companions.    Although  El  Dorado   was   neArer    frequented  females as Monte Carlo is to-day, still  there were many   avIio were not shy in  trying their fortunes on  the green cloth-  The   majority   of   those   fair gamblers  Avere of the Spanish-American race, and  often   Avent to attract the attention of  the fortunate gambler Avith  his  pouch  Avell filled with gold  dust as well as to  play themselves.  One of the best known women of this  class was Ida Moralles, a handsome lady  who first saAV the, light in Ilermosillo.  She arrived in this city as the mistress  of a wealthy cotton planter. The Don  took rooms on Commercial street, and  there began a career of extravagance, in  which he Avas ably assisted by Miss Moralles. He hoped to keep his coffers full  by the establishment of a monte game,  and by making his place the headquar  in love with-this woman that you cannot  give her up for me?" ��  "Why, Ida," he cried, "I neA*erdream-  ed of this."  "Nor I," said the Moralles, "until this  minute."  "But it is too far gone iioav. I cannot  break my word- And yet I am sorry,"  and taking her in hi? arms he kissed her  lips and left the room.  Miss. Moralles was not present at Ot-  Avay's wedding, nor anywhere else, for  thatmattei.   But  he  found   upon her  bureau a check drawn  in his favor upon  , Adams & Co. for eight thousand dollars,  by j and a note of farewoll, saying briefly:  "Good-bye, Dick. I Avish I had knoAvn  j myself before.    Ida."  !    Otway carried   out   his intention   of  I ranching, and lost all trace of his former  partner. Years afterward he learned that  she lived in Sonora with an  old woman  Avho   had   been   a peon on her father's  plantation in Ilermosillo, and had divicU  ed   her   time   betAveen   the church and  looking  after   the   welfare   of the poor  natiAre Californians of that city, and it is  not improbable that   she is still alive.���  San Francisco News Letter.  MAKING    ��2,000   KASIf.V.  ters of the wealthy Spanish-Americans,  who were then quite numerous in town,  and taking advantage of their passion for  gambling.    He might have  succeeded  fairly well but for the fact that he was  too fond of wine, and could not keep a  level head, which'is-all-important to the  successful gambler.   The result was that  in a feAv months he had to  start off for  the   mines   with   a grubstake,  leaving  Miss Moralles to her own resources. The  lady   very   prudently   sold   out all the  costly furniture of the apartments, which  realised a considerable sum, herself took  a modest room on Portsmouth square,  and prepared for her campaign against  male humanity.   She  Avas a woman of  refined tastes, of many accomplishments,  with no conscience, and with-an adamant  heart   that' had   never   been   touched.  Surely   she   could   have   possessed   no  better Aveapons nor more efficient armor  for the struggle in which she was about  to engage.    When   she appeared at the  El Dorado for the first time and put her  money on  a card, the player avIio made  room for her was  Dick Otway, a young  "Irishman*-,   Avho   had   immigrated  with  business   intentions,    but  avIio    never  found energy enough to carry them out,  and who finally drifted into the occupation of a   regular   gambler.    He   was a  fine-looking,   handsome   young   fellow,  and   that   evening, as   if   the Morelles  woman had-been   a  mascot, he Avon in  the neighborhood of six or seven thous-  aad dollars.    From  that meeting a combination sprang up between the Irishman  and the Spaniard.    The   Morelles   told  GatAvay that they were foolish to let the  El Dorado  rake in all their money, and  she proposed that they open an elegant;  supper room in the same apartments she  had occupied with the Don, and iustead  of  being preyed   upon, make  tlie  most  out of the  weakness ol"  humanity themselves.    Strange as  it may appear there  Avas no sentiment in this partnership. It,  was a cold proposition   from the beginning, and this at the lady's request.  "No, Dick,"  she  said,"!  may find it  .,necessary to do a good deal of flirting to  i nelp matters along, and you can see that  it would lie awkward ii" you and I should  grow fond of one another.  "But," remonstrated Otway, "suppose  on the other hand you should get struck  on some fellow, what would become of  me in the business?"  '"No fear  of  that," said the Moralles, ���  and the  shop  was opened.  A certain speculator had need of a  large sum of money for his operations,  and found himself Avitli a very small  balance in the bank. He consulted a  friend as to Iioav he could get oyer the  emergency. The friend suggested that  he should draAv on somebody in another  city. The operator said he knew no one  that owed him, and the friend insinuated that that \vould make no difference  if the draft did not return too soon.  The operator reflected a time and  then Avrote out a draft for ��2,000 and  deposited it in the bank. The draft  came into the Rothschilds,avIio foi-Avard-  ed it to Constantinople, and it Avas duly  presented to the Sultan's Chamberlain.  "Who is this man?" asked the Chamberlain, of the Sultan's Treasurer.  "Don t knoAv him," replied the Treasurer.  "Do Ave OAve him anything*?" asked  the Chamberlain.  "No," replied the other.  ' Then no not pay it," decided the  Chamberlain. '  "But, if I might advise," said the  crafty Treasurer, "this draft conies  through the Rothschilds, Avith whom Ave  are negotiating a loan. Would it be  safe, under the circumstances, to dishonor it ?"  "Pay it," said the Sultan's Chamberlain, and so the speculator Avas ��2,000  richer than he kneAv, to his oavh great  astonishment.���London Telegraph.  A   Church   Story.  ( , Not very many years ago, in a country church in the west of England, the  rector,preaching with great earnestness  for home missions took for his text,  "Feed me with food convenient for me.'.  As he came down from the pulpit, well  content with the effect his eloquence  had produced on the congregation, the  disturbing thought struck hun that he  had not made arrangement for the collection (sure to be a liberal one ou this  occasion). As he passed through the  chancel he Avhispcred hurridly to an  intelligent choir boy, "Go into the  vestry, take the plate you Avill find on  the table, hand it round to the congregation and then bring it to me.'" The  boy departed on his errand, and the  rector took his place within the communion rails and gaA-e out the offertory  hymn.  The last Avords of this had  .scarcely-  died away when the  hoy stood before  him, a plate of biscuits in his hand and  while fine wines were I :}n ���tP'-.logctic expression on his chubby  very expensive in San ! f*"-*f- , ''L'kwise, sir,    he explained m an  delicacies  came   very I amI,,<'; V01t"e- ,   \Vii htl'ld(f  l,hmn  nl.  i.,,,,,,]. n"f | round to evervboe v. and nobody Avon t  take none. ���London Gentleman..  In "51 and '52,  plentiful and not  Francisco, other  high. Moralles bad a clever  Spanish cooking, and could make .hot  supper dishes. Otway knew a few tricks  of the kitchen himself, learned in his  Trinity college days, and could devil  bones, kidneys, and the like. So between them they used to make up.pretty  good suppers, which were much appreciated by those night hawks of the gambling table round the corner. There was  the neatest little layout in the world of  . monte and roulette in an apartment off  the supper room, and the fair Ida herself  Avas always willing to, set the ball a-  rolling or to deal a monte pack.  This fraternal relation seemed to Avork  well. The firm made money rapidly',  and whenever a good customer was at  all shy about continuing bis visits, Miss  Moralles used to send him an affectionate  little letter, telling him how much she  liked him, and thus by the distribution  of a little mild flirtation she kept a large  number of profitable customers upon her  string. Otway, as per agreement, was  never jealous. And then a most singular thing occured, which shows how inexplicable are the vagaries of the human  heart. Otway informed his partner one  evening that a little girl had arrived  from his part of the country, and that  he Avas going to ask her around to supper.. ' To this Ida smilingly -assented,  and when the girl, who was a pretty ancl  self-possessed little dame, appeared,  was very nice and attentive to her. But  tins visit was only the beginning of  many, and it soon became evident to the  Moralles that her partner was pretty  badly smitten. She discovered with  considerable alarm at the same time  that this did not suit her a bit, and also  that she had considerable regard for the  handsome Irishman herself. One day  Otway Avas telling her that he was think-  of getting married.  "Of courseyou don't care," he said  with a laugh, "though I confess when  we first went into business together I  was Arery fond of you, Ida."  "Were you?" she replied, indifferently. "I never thought so. But what'sto  become of the business? I suppose you  don't want your Avife to be in this business."  "1 should hope not," said Otway.  "I've made a little money, thanks to  you, Ida, and I'll buy a little ranch in  Santa Clara county, and go in for horse  raising."  Then a complete change came over  the woman.  "Dick Otway," she said, stretching out  her hands toward him, "are you so much  A    *\L'os<|iiit<> - Titlo,  The following is told, in all seriousness  iu a Shanghai newspaper: The terrible tales of mosquitoes at Klondike  have not yet reached the right Transatlantic level. It was an American  miner avIio was so pestered by those  insects that, in order In get rest, he  turned over the iron A-essel in which he  washed for goid and crawled under it  when he wanted to sleep. The mosquitoes found him out, however, and kept  him'busily employed all night twisting!  with his jack knife the points of their  beaks, as they came through the iron  The buzzing of. the' insects thus imprisoned was terrific, and the miner  was delighted fora time: but at last, to  his horror, the combined force of their  wings lifted up his shelter, and when Im  last   saw  it   it Avas disappearing  with  ���Treat rapidity in a north-easterly direction. Hence in some milling camps an  unusually line specimen of veracity is  knoAvn as a "North-easter.  Fidelity.  Never forsake a friend. When enemies gather round���when sickness  falls on the heart���Avhen the world is  dark and cheerless���is the time to try  true friendship. They avIio turn from  the cry of distress betray their hy-  pocracy, and prove that interest only  moves them. If you have a friend avIio  loves you and studies your happiness,  he sure to sustain him in adversity.  Let him feel that his former kindness  is appreciated, and that his love Avas  not thrown away.  Any miner or prospector avIio has a,  bloAV-pipe. alcohol lamp, and a feAv  drops of sulphuric acid can, in a feAv  minutes, determine Avhether tellurium  is present in ores. All that is necessary  is to break off a small piece of ore,  place it in a small porcelain dish previously warmed so as to avoid breaking,  apply the blow-pipe until the ore is in  an oxidised heat, then one or tAvo drops  of sulphuric acid on the norcelain dish ;  alloAV to mix Avith the ore. The reaction Avill immediately folloAv, if tellurium is present, by beautiful carmine  and purple colors.  Wichita,  Walters, an  g-eologist, at the head of a party of  scientists, has been investigating a remarkable deposit of human bones in  the northeast corner of the Choctaw  county, in Indian Territory, which Avas  discovered by -workmen nearly a year  ago, Avhile tlie Kansas City, Pittsburg  & Gulf Railway was being-built through  that territory," Today Professor Walters makes the astonishing* announcement that a prehistoric battle Avas  foug-ht there, in which from 00,000 to  100,000 Avarriors Avere killed.  The area of the tract in���'which-this  vast number of bodies lie buried has  been determined, by sounding and  digging* to be thirty acres in extent.  The site of this prehistoric battleground  is near Redlands, I. T., on the south  side of the Arkansas river. The river  at that point runs east and Avest and  divides the Choctaw from the Cherokee j  country.  Extensive excavations have brought  to light great numbers of skeletons,  curious specimens of pottery and A'ast  quantities of stone battle instruments.  It has been ascertained that there are  between 2,000 and 2,500 bodies for every  square asre.'  Professor Walters at first supposed  that he had foUnd a great burying*  ground of the mound builaers,but when  he made the discovery that nearly  every skull was pierced with one or  more spear points or broken in Avith  stone axes, and that some of the bones  had been cleft with javelins, he -Avas  forced to the conclusion that one of the  world's greatest battle had been fought  there.  This accords fully Avith this theory  that more than 20,000 years ago tAvo  great races contended for supremacy  in North America. One, he says, was  the mound builders, Avho occupied all  ofthe country east of the Mississippi  river, and were gradually pushing their  lines Avestward. The other was the  Mayas, who Uved originally in Central  America, but at various periods overspread the country now included in  Arizona, Southern California, the table  land of New Mexico and Texas and  southern Celorado.  While the mound builders Avere push-  ins westward, the Mayas having* no  permanent settlements Avithin hundreds  of miles of the outposts of the former,  battles became frequent and bloody.  Professor Walters has spent 17 \rears  in locating and making a map of this  battle line, and declars that he has  found a series of fortifications extending-from Omaha, Neb., to the Gulf of  Mexico.  These fortifications face each other  and are near Omaha, Kansas City and  Neodesha, Kan.; in Anderson' and  Allen counties, in southern Kansas,  along the Big- Blue river, thence following the grand river in Indian Territory  to the Redlands, thence through Texas  to the Gulf.  '**VV'-'V^V*fc/*k-*/^  ���*��/*V*V%'%'*V*-****-��^--^^  The  Nakusp  Sawmill  Having placed some new machinery  in our Mill, we are prepared to fur.  nish all kinds of rough and dresse  Lumber  and Shingles  at Reduced Prices  PRICE  LIST:  Routrh Lumber, narrow, ��10 o0  "         wide,                    m 00 to 12 ..  Joist and Scantling,- sized up to  18 feet long, -     11  8'to24 ' 12  24 'to 30 ' 13  Flooring, T&G,6 " 20  "             ���'    4 " 22  V joint Ceiling, *�� 22  "Rustic, 19  Shiplap, 14  Surfaced Dressed, 13  A liberal discount on large orders for  The  Leland Reuse,  j^^      MAWHSP        ^  Is the largest hotel upon the Arrow Lakes and is  unsurpassed by any in Kootenay.  Do not fail to stop there when  travelling- to and from  the   Slocan.  Airs. D. A. mcDOUGALitD.  PETER  Cash,  GENELLE & Co  ���**'&'%'^'V'V*V*'*-V^*fc/<fc^  i'-v-V'**'-*^'-/''*''*^^  F.LOCASTO,  New Denver.  TOBACCONIST,  NEWSDEALER,  and STATIONER,  Imported and Domestic Cigars, To-  baccoes, Fruits and Confectionery.  My fairest child, I have no song* to  give you,  No lark could pipe to skies so dull  and gray,  Yet   ere   we part, one lesson I can  give you  For everyday:  "Be  good, SAveet  maid, and let who  will be clever,  Do noble thing-s, not dream them,  all day long,  And so make life, death, and the vast  forever  One grand, sAveetsong."  ���Charles Kingsley.  Where the Precious Metals are Hoarded  It has long been a puzzle to economists what India, China, and Japan can  have done with such vast quantities of  gold and silver Avhich never by any  accident return. Indian jewelry and  Oriental magnificence of costume and  fondness of gaudy display will doubtless account for a considerable portion,  but, as no great quantity is found, in  circulation as coin, the only remaining-  alternative is the assumption, born of  imagination rather than information,  that it mnst be hoarded.  Something* new in Fancy Wine Sets for Bar Decorations.  We have in Stock  The Largest and Finest Assortment  See our Gold  Plated Ash and  Card Trays. . .  "Souvenirs  Sandon."  The very latest in  Christmas NeckAvear  direct from New  York  Groods ever brought  to the Slocan  Consisting of ^  Musical Dolls,  Sleeping- Dolls,  Arks,  Banks,  Iron Stoves,  T:n Stoves,  i  V  ..... ^  Building  Blocks  Story Books, |  Doli  Carriages,  Carts,  Carpet  Sweepers,  Fur Dogs,  Climbing  Monkey,  Flying Birds,  v@J*��  All sorts  lanical  Doll Furniture,  Air Guns,  Granite Sets,  Gaines,  Iron Trains*  ^ handles, Etc.  Also a very select line of  Japanese Chinaware, Fancy  Baskets, Waste Baskets, Jar-  dineres, Etc.  Ladies' Fancy Satin and  Felt Fur-Top Slippers just in  from Boston.  Sets,   Tools,   Rattles,  Tops, Masks.  Drums,  Steam Engines,  Hot  Air Motors  with  Ferris  Wheel  attached.  Horns,  Mouth Organs,  Toy Pistols,  Music Boxes,  Magic Lanterns,  Flags,  American & Canadian 6  THE LEDQE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 23, 1897.  Fifth Year  IIUU*  Y    [Copyright, 1897, by Clark Russell.]  It was in  that voyage that  I took in  the Empire that I made up my miud to  knock off the sea.    We   was  bomeAvard  bound  from Adelaide, aud I was keening  a lookout oue   black  night  on the  fok'sle, wlicu, there  coming   a yelling  spit of soaking blast slap into ray face,  I lifts up my fist and brings it dowu on  the rail.    For more than 20  year had I  used  the sea, aud Avhat was it come to?  An  old  chest,  tAvo  or   three  shifts of  lags, a pair of sea hoots aud, s'help me,  no more.   Through the improvidence of  tbe    sailor?    By, thunder,    then,    no!  What's Providence got to do Avith such  a withered  life as the  ocean?   Saving  means getting, and'where in niggers is  ���', the getting to be found where it's all  living  bard,  faring  hard, dying  hard  and going to hell after all?  Beef you could chisel into snatch  blocks, pork too foul to grease your  boots Avith, kicks and curses aft, -wet  aud famine forrards���is it goodenough?  With a fok'sle so full of fired Dutchmen���why,''when they hoist the YEng-  lish red ensign the flag's the bitterest  lie since Aunynius and Sophia.  But hoAV Avas I to get a liviug ashore?  That was the  question that  occupied  my attention \vben I walked them decks  in solitude. I'd say to my mates, "What  'ud you do if you knocked off?" and  some was for going to sea again, and  the rest was for the work'us.   I'd seen  so little of life ashore  that I couldn't  guess how men got their livings.   What  was a merchant?   He was a covey who  traded.   What was a clerk?   He  was a  covey Avhu sat on a stool and wrote  in  a book.   No use cf my laying a course  for the likes of  that.   My taste went to  the country, deep inlaud.   I fancied I'd  like to get a job under a market gardener.   I'd feel pleased when I thought of  reaping Avheat and cutting down grass,  of going home at suudoAvu on top of a  'wagon  load  of hay, the air sweet as  nuts, and sitting 'clown to a bursting  bloAVout of ale aud  roasted apples and  bread   and   cheese.    "Go   aAvay,    salt  water!" I'd think then.  I was about 35 years old and looked  45. Lobscouse'll serve you measlier than  weather. They say a weak heart paints  the nose blue, which colors the spirits.  Soup and bully's worse than a decayed  vital, and if you leave your teeth in the  mess kid Iioav many spoonfuls of peas  soup do it take to raise a wrinkle?  The ship duly arrived, and I, along  with the rest, was paid off.    There was  22 months' wages to take up, so I had  scope to ride by. I took a lodging at 2  Bromley street, Commercial road, and  spent ��2 in a landgoiug rig out. Then  I Avas at a loss. The name of the landlady was Mrs. Bloomer, and her husband was a waterman. Meeting her one  day in the passage as I was going to  take a turn to look about me, I says:  Y'l should like to have a short yarn  with   yon,   missis,    if   you've   got   a  minute."  "Certainly, sir," she answers.  "Don't 'sir' me, I beg," says I.  "I'm  no dog."  She steps me into a bit of a parlor,  close with careful keeping. There was  a little looking glass over the mantelshelf, bound in yaller gauze, with oyster shells for occasional ornaments, and  a glass case, with a stuffed bird, in the  front window.  "Can I sit?" says I.  "Why, yes," says she, smiling.    "It  can't hurt you."  I put dOAvn my cap and took a "chair  ��nd says: "Mrs. Bloomer, I've been a  eailorman all my life and have come  ashore to find a job, meaning to stop  ashore. I've got a few pounds and can  hold out for some time, and I want you  to tell me how I ought to go to work."  "What's your age?" says she, looking  me over.  I tolu her.  "There's a many situations a-going,"  oays she, "aud a handy man ought never  to want for a job.  Why not turn -water  man?"  "No more water for me," says I.  "Light porter," says she.  Thought   she   meant   something   to  drink.  "Can yon drive a "orse?"  "I don't fancy driving," says I.  "Look 'ere, Mr. Pooley," says she,  "your chai.ce'll lie iu advertising.  Write out a little piece for the papers.  It'll cost you about 8 or 4 shilliugs to  put in. AnsAvers'll oome, and you can  pick and choose."  I allowed this to be up to tbe  knocker, aud in that same room she  and me made out this advertisement:  "A stiilorman wants a job. He is an  all round hand, useful anywhere and  any time, being accustomed to a calling  that runs a day's work into 24 hours  and pays no overtime Avages. Address  William Pooley, 2 Bromley street, Commercial road, E."  When Bloomer came home that night,  be recommended me to put the piece into the paper Avhich says it has the largest circulation intheAvcrld. This I did  next day���forget the cost. Valuing it  in pints of beer, cali it four gallons.  I'm a slew hand at reading, and it took  me a smothered long time to spr'i  through the advertisements on tbe da\  when the piece I bad wrote was to appear. At last down iu a corner I spit-.*  my name.  "Who's  a-going to  see this?" say;������?  to  Mrs.   Bloomer,   putting   my  fing.  upon it.  "It do look insignificant, certaioly,  said she. !  "Who the blooming blazes is a-going  to see it?" says I, a-bringing down my  *st."  "You never can tell," says Mrs.  Bloomer. ,  I Ave n't out for a turn that afternoon  and sat for a spell Aviih an old shipmate  that had brought up iu the home, in  Well street.    He had said to me:  "You'll never get rid of it, Bill. O'er  and o'er I've been a-givingof it up. Six  times ha-'e I been a-ruuning, and I've  tried my hand as barber, dorg fancying  and wheel chair man. All no go," says  he. "Here I am three Aveeks ashore  from Jamaica, and now I'm a-looking  for another ship. They don't.want sailors on dry laud. You'll be drove back  to it." .   '��� ���     : ,;  When I returned to my lodging, I  found a letter addressed to Mr. William  Pooley.  "Blistered if it ain't been seen arter  all!" said I, grinning like a fool.  I opens the letter aud, going to the  window, holds it out aud reads it. It  was from agent, saying he had seen my  advertisement and was willing to give  me a job. bit I must invest some money  along with.him. Mrs. B.loomer said that  I must look to get a number of letters  of that sort. They Avas all thieves who  wrote 'em, and I was to take no notice.  She tore the letter up, feariug that I  might be tempted to call upon the old  covey.  Well,   after that  letter I heard  no  more.  WhoAvas a-going to see my name  down in  that  there corner?   I looked  round at the orfice four days after   the  notice had appeared and says to a clerk,  "Considering,"I  says, "the  cost I've  been  put to,  I'm  surprised," says I,  "not to have got any answers."  "Put it in again," says he.  "DoAvn   in   that   corner?"   says   I.  "What's your charge for half of one of  them  pages of your"n Avith that there  notice printed big, right amidships  of  the white?"  "We don't do business iu that sort of  way," says he. "If Ave did, the cost 'ud  keep you to wind'ard of jobs for the rest  of your shining days."  When I got to the lodging that afternoon, Mrs. Bloomer told me a party had  called to see me.  "Something in the job line?" says I.  "I caVt say, I'm sure," says she,  and I thought that her manner was  changed. She had a sort of cast in her  eyes and looked at the wall past my  head, though she was a-staring hard at  me, taking me in.  "What did the party want?" says I.  "She was a female," she answers. "I  believe she'll be able to find you a job,  Mr. Pooley. She'll be here at half past  10 tomorrow morning if convenient to  yon."  I went to my room and smoked a pipe.  There Avas no letters in answer to my  notice. The paper might have the biggest circulation in the world, but its  corner pieces wasn't read. What female  party was this a-askiug after me? A  good many women kept shops. "Numbers  was widoAVS in the 'baccy, sweetmeat  and other liues. Any sort of a job ashore  would suit me, and one to my taste for  all I knew might be coming along tomorrow at half past 10.  Half past 10 came round right enough,  for if then  -s oue thing that never  disappoints  ;���   man  it's  time.    That old  bloke, drawed with a beard   and a log  glass, always keeps his blushiug word.  There was no letter from   the  largest  circulation.   I had come back from getting  a mouthful of  breakfast  aud was  a-shaviug���it was  about half  past 10.  While I was all  lather comes a  knock,  and   Mrs.   Bloomer   sings   out,   "Mr.  Pooley, the party that called yesterday  is awaiting to see you in my parlor."  "Eight," says I, and Avipiug off the  soap I put on my jacket and went down  stairs.  There was a woman aud her little  boy standing by the table. She wore a  green hat and looked to be got up for a  Sunday outing. The boy for his tidy  looks Avas like one of them children  that sings in the streets along with men  in clean jumpers and women with  babies under their shaAvls. Mrs. Bloomer, standing beside the door, says, "This  is Mr. Pooley."  When I steps in. the woman took and  dodged a bit, shooting her bead out first  to port, then to starboard, a-screw-  driviug of her eyes into me Avith the  twistings of her face. She then says  faintly:  '' Lor���why���yes, Bill I" And grasping  ihe table she fell to rocking herself,  very quietly, saying once or twice softly, "Bill, Bill," but with a note of  such grief aud reproach that an old gout  might have been moved by it.  "What's this?" says I, turning upou  Mrs. Bloomer.    ���  "Oh, Bill," shrieks the woman on a  sudden, holding out her bauds to me,  "don't pretend not to knoAV me if I'm  Sot to drop dead. Here's your child.your  own little William. He was 6 months  old when you left me, and���aud���oh,  William, thiuk���now he's 0 years."  And Avith that sho lifts him right on to  the table, calling out: "Look at your  father, Billy. Ask him if he ain't  ashamed to have left his poor wife for  nigh six year, with never one Avord to  say Avhcther he Avas alive or dead?"  I thought to myself, "Bloomed if I  don t think now that them corner ] irce;*  in the largc-st'circulation arc nan!"  Mrs. Bloomer's face was like a shij.'.<  figure-head, hard with feelings.  "YoiV'O -'-uite, mistaken." savs 1.   'I  never was married in this here Avorld,  and so if I've got a wife she must be an  angel."  "Never was married!"' she screamed,  running up to me, Avliiie the boy sau��  out, "Mother, I shall fall!" .and Mrs.  Bloomer put him down. "Never was  married!" she shrieks. "D'you mean to  say you forget courting me at . iny father's, Simon Dadds, who kept the hos-  tillery called the Sinking Star, on the  Sandwich road? Never was married,"  she yells, .with her Avords streaming in  a quick rattle like coal from a tip,  "when the church %vas St. George's, at  Deal, and the date June 24, 1876?  Never was married? Oh, Bill!" And,  ���seizing me by the arm, she pulls me to  the windovp and sobs out: "Oh, Bill, if  you ain't so changed, I can't be! I've  been alone for nigh six years. Look at  your child. It's me as has fed him and  done for him, or where'd he be? Don't  say yon don't knoAv me. I never expected that."  And here, letting goof my arm, she  buries her face and lets fly all her  nerves iu screechingsl  "Why don't you comfort her?" says  Mrs. Bloomer.  "Whydou'fcyou?" says I. "She'sgot  nothing to do .with me."  With that I walks out. The woman  dies after me.  "Bill, Bill!" she bawls, catching hold  of me.  I turned and said, "What's it'you  want?"  Here the young uu began to cry, roaring for mother.  "What's all this about?" says  Bloomer, coming up from the kitchen!-  He'd got a cold in his head and was  a-lyiug by.  "Joe," answered Mrs. Bloomer, "this  poor woman'has been deserted along  with her child for nigh upon six year,  and now she says she's found her man  in Mr. William Pooley'"  "I've had almost enough of this here  'Was  larking, hain't you?" says I to the woman. "Who are you and what d'you Avant?  You don't believe I'm your husband.  Bloomer, s'elp me, as I stand a living  man, I never Avas married, and that  woman knoAvs it."  ' 'Hoav should she know it?" squawked  Mrs. Bloomer like a gull in a gale.  "Got you there, Pooley," says Bloomer in a voice thick as gruel with cold.  "I was married," cried the woman,  "at St. George's, Deal, June 21, 1876,  and Williain Pooley Avas, my man's  name. Simon Dadds was my father and  kept a hostillery. Oh, ma'am, that he  can stand there and pretend not to  know nor remember. If my father were  alive���he was a sailor then," she sings  out, pointing at me. "Will you tell me  that you don't recollect stopping the,,  carriage at the Deal Lugger inn as we  drove from church and treating the  boatmen? Didn't you likewise stop at  the Yarmouth Packet and keep father  awaiting dinner for us"���  "I tell you," I roared out, breaking  in to her noise, "that Idon'fcknow you,  and that I never was married, and that  you've mistook your man. "  Here Bloomer, stumping back to his  kitchen, stops at the head of the staircase to call out:  "Settle it quickly, and don't make no  noise, for this 'ouse 'as got a name to  lose. I know Avhat sailors are, and  nmbbee it is and mubbee it ain't. Lizzie, keep you clear, aud if the parties'll  come to tarms outside it'll be agreeable."   And down he went.  "Are you going to tell me, Mr.  Pooley," says Mrs. Bloomer, whose  face shoAved a relish for this shindy, for  all that it was as hard as sailors' beef,  "that there's no trnth in this party's  ���"fatemeuts?"  "None," I yelled, for their working  up of my old iron was a-making me  redhot.  "And you tell us," says Mrs. Bloomer, with a sneer, "that a woman's  memory won't allow her to'recognize  her husband after six years of desertion?"  "He was 6 months old," says the  other, sobbing and pointing to her boy,  "when we Avas left. He sailed in a ship  called the Miranda. I've never heard of  him since, but I knew he was alive, for  he desarted at Sydney and arrived at  Liverpool in a ship called the Simon  'Orkins, aud that I larnt," she screamed,  And I gives my bosom a thump.  this 'ere arm your William's?"  "Yes,"  she  shrieks, "that  was  his  cruciO'c-e."  "Was this 'ere face- rour William's? -  says I. -.lapping my forehead, and I  shoves it V.to ber'n and sings out:  "Look again-. Look by God's light.  Look, if yoar durned perishing William  ever had such a face upon him as mine  in all his goin a-fishin."'  There Avas a crowd by this time, and,  nr.ticing it, I steps into the passage,  ���picks-up my clothes and goes up stairs.  After this I shifted my shanty. There  Avas r.othing tu be lost, I alknved, by a  ehauge of address, as they call it. By  tbi** time all'notion of getting a job out  of the largest circulation was clean gone.  I hired a room in Smith street, Stepn6y.  The house was kept by Mrs.Gumble,  widow of a roasting skipper. When I  paid Mrs. Bloomer, she took my money  scornfully, ajd I think would have  spoke, but my eye kept her quiet. My  pulling off my coat, too, and hauling of  the lying party ou to the pavement had  done Mrs. Bloomer good.  I still carried some pounds in good  money in my pocket, but guessed if I  didn't, fall iu with 'a situation soon the  old leather purse 'ud be shoAviug like  the eud of a. long voyage. I answered  advertisements and hunted about. It  was all-up good���nobody wanted me.  What Avas expected was always exactly  what I hadn't got. Then they, wanted  written characters, and I had nothing  but "V. G." certificates to show 'em.  I told Mrs. Gumble I wanted to give  up the sea r.nd settlo ashore, and she  answered that in her heart she couldn't  blame me. She advised me to put in a  little notice.   I told her I'd done so.  Says she: "Though once might be of  no use, twice might work the traverse.  Try another paper."  After--considering the thing and understanding it might find me a chance  if it did no more I Avalked round to another ueAvspaper with the same piece  that had appeared in the corner of the  largest circulation, only instead of signing my name William Pooley to it I  took the name of William Treakell, my  mother's name afore her marriage,  partly because I reckoned that as William Pooley I'd had all the innings I  Avas going to get, while Treakell was  like starting on a fresh voyage, and  partly because I didu't want my name  to meet the eye of the lying party.  And uowrJ I'm a-going to tell you  what, I daresay, you'll not believe, but  if it ain't true then my eyes aren't  tAvius. Tavo days after the pieeohad appeared I returned to Stepney from a  cruise to Regent street. When I walks  in, Mrs. Gumble called out from her  hack room, "Is that you, Mr. Pooley?"  "Pooley it is," says I, stopping at  the foot of the steps. -       ,  She comes out, and, looking hard  at  knock about ships for a living I'd better  go to sea for good. There was no ooun  try fancies, in the isle of Dogs, no smell  of the haystack, no =~i����t of the iniln.-  maid in the breezes there. I Aveut baus  home . to my loi'igir.g-s. in the evening,  Avore out. Mrs. Gumble told me that  the party had called at 10 o'clock along  with the boy, but I Avouldn't hear tell  of her and went straight to my bedroom  and lay down on my bed to smoke a pipe  and to cojasid?r whether this sort of  seeking for a job Ava.su't like asking the  way to the work'us.  I lay late next morning, being, as I  have said, Avore out. 'Sides, what wa?  there to get up for? Of course it would  be the old joke over again, ways'of refusing of a man that was the same as  punching his Lead, loafing about all day  long, comin-r homo and no letters and  wondering if drowning was as quick as  hanging.  I was getting out of bed at noon,  when comes a knock upon the door,  and Mrs. Gumule's voice says, "You're  wanted."  "Who wants me?"..says I.  "An  officer of tho court,"  she  answers.  I opened tlie door to her, and, putting  my head out, says, "What, court?"  "Tho police court," says she.  "What does he want?"  "You come down and he'll tell yon."  I dressed aud Avent downstairs. Mrs.  Gumble, hearing my footsteps, beckons  job. If tu..r," says I, pointing to the  party, "is tbe sort of a jr-b that's offered  to sailormeu when they comes ashore  sick of the sea, the sooner it's aboard  and 'up ke<--:eg' Avitli them again the  better. Mr. Officer, I'm no married  man, and she knoAvs I never was her  husband. I Avas iu Bombay in a ship  called the Vjtlej aa ben she says I Avas  a-isurrying of her at Deal."  "Oh, you liar!" shrieks the party.  "If he can prove he didn't marry you,  there's an eud," says the officer, turning to the female.  "He's got a crucifige ��� on bis arm,"  she yelled; "t:n had my William. What .  made, him take the name of Treakell?  Don't it stand to reason? His name's  William D-oley, and, Mr. Officer, he's  my man���growed nothing, broadened a  little, certainly, but it's William's face  after six years, and, oh, William," she  cries out, 'how can you deny it?"  The officer looked very hard at me  and theu very hard at the female aud  tli *i) Kays to her: "If he can prove an  alibi, what are you going to do? Have  you got no certificates of discharge,"  Bays he, "going back six year?"  "Have I?" says I, and rushing up  stairs I brought him down a handful.  There Avas seven,, and they went back  12 years. Ho turns 'cm about, then,  asking for the date of tho marriage,  says:  "Herey'are. He's spoken the truth.  This man was at sea when you said yoa  were married to him."  "And am I to believe they're hisowit  certificates?" cried the woman. "Aren't  saiiors every day a-forgiug of these hero  V. G.'s?"  "Put Vm up," says the officer to me.  "I can't help you, missis," says he,  taking up his hat.  Jusfoue hour later I met an old ship-  date on the, steps of the shipping yard  at ToAver bill.  "What are you doing here, Bill?"  says he.  "Looking for a ship, " says I.  "I   heard  that  you'd  squared yards  Avith the sea and was ashore for a settlement."  "And a settlement it's heen," says I,  and j-.ist then, some one singing ont for.  hands for a China clipper, I steps in,  scarce smiling as. I thought cf that  night Avheu I brought my fist down on  tiie fok'sle rail of tho Empire.  THE  END.  "Oh, BUI!" shrieks the woman.  roanding upon me, "from Jim Red-  path, who had sailed with you afore and  name home with you in tbe 'Orkins."  When   she had sakl  this, I pulled off  0 y jacket and waistcoat, bared my arms  lo the elboAvs, and, opening my starched  shirt. I turned it under, that they might  see to the flesh of me.   They yelled and  fell   back,   thinking  I  was  going   for  them,   and   Bloomer   came   up   stairs  ���main,    sneezing.     I   ran   my   fingers  through my hair, and, flinging open the  bous-e  door,   that  the   light   of   God,  Avhich the minister says is the truth it-  k If. might shine upon me, I lays hold  <*f  the Avdman and   pulls her onto  the  do.n:-t( ps and sings out:  "Now lnnk at me.    Can you see me?  Was   this   Yto  chest your  William's?"  me, says, "There's  been a  party, with  a boy, inquiring arter you." j  "Female party?" says I. i  "Yes," she says. j  "What does she want?"  "She says that her husband left her  when her child was 6 months old. He  Avas a seafaring man. His name Avas  Pcoley," says she,' looking at me very  hard. "He didn't ahvays used to sign  on under that name, and sometimes  .���.hipped himself as William Treakell."  I breathed short "It was her mother's  maiden name," said Mrs. Gumble.  "What brought her to this house?"  says I, talking as if I'd just had a tooth  drawed.  "She's always ou rhe lookout for her  husband and reads tho advertisements  iu the papers. She saw the r^ime of  Treakell aud says you're her man. She  described you," says Mrs. Gumble, beginning to talk with a sort of snarl  (there's a durned sight too muoh of fel-  Ioav feeling among people of Mrs. (tumble's sort). "She gave me your likeness  iu words as though she talked with your  picture in her 'and. She says you  lodged at Mrs. Bloomer's, down out of  the Commercial road, and left that  house because she discovered yon."  "Well?" says I.  "Well," says she, "she'll be here  tomorrow morning at 10 o'clock and  hopes it'll be convenient to you to see  her."  "It'll be convenient for me to see her  in"��� but.I stopped myself. The blooming joke was past beyond all cusses.  "How iu flames did she know," says I,  " that I called myself Treakell?''  "She asked if the Treakell as lodged  here answered to the description she  gave of you. 'No Treakell lodges here.'.  says I, 'but I've a party stopping in  the house as is .the sama as you describe.' 'Then his name's Pooley,' sayti  she. 'Pooley it is,' says I, the surprise  making me answer quick. Then she  tells me you married her at Deal and  desaTted her when your infant babe wan  6 months old."  "I'll not see the hedgehog," I burst  out. "She's teu stun o' lie from hat to  heel. Don't let mo be troubled by her.  Bhe's no wife of mine."  "You Avon't see her, d'you say?"  "Look here. Is there any letter for  me?"  "Nary letter. You won't see her,  d'you say?"  "Nary letter?" I says. "It cost me 4  boh, and Avho the blooming blazes h*  a-going to see it where thej :ve gone  and stuck it, right amidships ol a whole  smother of like notioes? If they takes  yer money, why don't they find yer in  iiuswers? Damn me if it ain't wor?-u  tbau picking your pocket to entice a  man-into spending 4 bob and rnsver a  one withered reply in two days!"  "So  you Avon't see her, then?"  say.  Mrs. Gumble, lifting  of  her eyebroAvs  and sourly spreading of her lips till  I  saAV   the red of  her false teeth  at the \ <|  back of her jaw. ��  t just Avished  deep down  in me thai' ! %  she'd been  Gumble iustead of hiswid- | ��J  Hit aud passed up stairs. I "-f  I Aveuv to a coffee house for breakfas. j Ijj  carlv next  morning   and was  messim  i $  about all  day looking   after a  job, bin j ***  could get nothing to do, not even do\A:   j ft  at. the docks, though I remember thinL- j '|  Jr.;;, when  it  came  to my turning ir.': \��  -..eye  io that  direction, /chat if  I Avas to i %  ''Oh, you liar!"  me into the front parlor, and there!  found the party as ckdmed me for her  husband, the young uu, aud a tall  man with strong whiskers, dressed like  a police boss. c  "Now, sir,"cries out the party when  I steps in, "that's my 'usband, William  Pooley.   He desarted me"���  "This   female,"   says  the   officer,  "was up at the court this morning, asking the magistrate's advice.   His wash-  up sent me round to inquire into her  complaint.    She  says  you're her  hns-  baud.  If she can prove that, you're lia  ble for, her maintenance���hers and  her  youngster's."  "His youngster," Bays the party.  "This all comes along," says  I, "of  my stepping ashore and putting a piece  in the paper with the 'opes of getting a  . Peanuts aa a Vegetable.  Peanuts may,be baked and served as  n vegetable. Eemove the skins from the  meass and put one cupful into anearti.-  en 'miking dish. Pour over them twj  pi::- :> of boiling water, cover the dish  wiiii a plate and plaoe it in amoderate-  ly (ool oven and bake irom four to five  hours, or until the nuts are tender.  When the nuts are partly cooked, season them with salt and stir among  them a teaspoonful of butter.  Dubious.  "I dropped around to see how our  safe stood the fire," said an agent to the  proprietor of an establishment which  had been destroyed, as the two surveyed  the ruins.  "Well." replied the owner, "I think  your safe,is a first olass article to keep  unpaid' bills in,"���Pittsbuia Ghrouiolf  Dealers in  *ir;  Hardware,  Tin  and   Graniteware  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  9    DaSalo  ^_.ja^.^SfcJ!RSgiy*.Wvl^^igMaJ!>J��5��hja*CIK'fv rJBgfoJSS'tkfflBlafcl  Has often been electrified  by the wonderful bargains  offered from time to time by  people with something to sell,  but it remains for   to exceed all such propositions. For the sum of $5.00  ���any kind of a five that will  be recognized in monetary  circles���wre will send The  Ledge to any address in  America for one year and a  box of 50 Trail Blazer Cigars.  Ponder over this, gentle and  refined reader, and send the  $5 before this magnificent  chance fades into the oblivion of past opportunities.. .  e"***r��wwisr,"'i<5'"TOr','r,5S5Bri*s^ **^iiiasE?*^52sr*T^i2r'-,ur Fifth Year.
THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 23, 1897.
.-'i
St,IGHT*CY    MIXED.
"A pound of tea. at one and three,
Aud a pot oi' raspberry jam ;
Two new laid eggs, a dozen pegs,
And a pound of rashers of ham."
I'llsav it over all the \vay,
And then I'm sure not to forget,
For if I chance to bring tilings wrong
My mother gets in such a fret.
, "A pound of tea at one and three,
And a pot of raspberry jam ;
Two new laid eggs, a dozen of pegs,
And a pound oi rashers of ham."
There in-the hay tlie children play,
They're having such jolly fun '-'I
I'll go there, too, that's what I'll do,
As soon as my errands arc done.,
" A pound' of tea at one and three, ■
A pot—ere—new laid jam,
Two raspberry eggs, with a dozen pegs,
And a pound of rashers of ham."
There's Teddy AAMiite aflying his kite,
He thinks liimself grand I declare ;
I'd like to try to fly it sky high,
Ever so much higher
Than the old church spire,
And then—and—then—but there.—
'*A pound of three and one of tea,
A pot of iioav laid jam,
Two dozen eggs, some raspberry pegs,
And a pound of rashers of ham."
Now, here's the shop, outside I'll stop,
And run through my order again •
I haven't forgot, no, never a jot-
It shows I'm pretty cute, that's plain.
"A pound of three at one and tea,
A dozen of raspberry ham,
A pot of eggs, with a dozen pegs.
And a rasher of new laid jam."
JtKINJJKKR    FOU-   THE   YUKON.
Since the discovery of large quantities
of gold in Alaska and the Klondike excited public attention in Canada and the
United States, some mention has been
made of the reindeer farm established at
the winter season, and is eagerly sought
after by those forced to live in such cold
regions. A herd of several hundred
reindeer can furnish milk for a good
sized town or mining camp. The Lapps
of Norwegian Lapland make a cheese or
skier out of the milk, which is a very
desirable article of diet iu Avinter.
When dead, the reindeer's sendees to !
man do not cease.   The blood is drunk j
warm, and every part of the body ut'lis- j maxims
ed in some Avay.    The flesh  is dried or
smoked,  in   AAiiich   condition it can be
kept indehnately in such a climate. The
surplus blood is  preserved  by freezing,
and is then used for  puddings, and  the
stomach  and   contents   are   frozen   for
special delicacies' The Lapps make boAv-
strings and a rough   thread out of. the
sinews and intestines, and glue from the
hoofs, and various articles of ornament
and tuse   out of  the  antlers.    But more
important than   any  of   these  are the
blankets and clothing Avhich the skins of
the reindeer yield.    There is  no skin of
any Avild animal  that, surpasses  that of
! the reindeer for  keeping out tbe seA-eri-
ties of an  Arctic Avinter.    A single skin
wrapped  around the body of a man en- j
ables him   to  withstand the rigors of' at
climate as intense as any that prevails in!
the  Klondike.    On   the   coldest   Arctic'
) night  the   Lapps   and   Samoijede   find j
i comfort and pleasure under the protect-j
i ing covers of their reindeer clothing and |
j blankets.    The same skins are  utilised
j for mufflers and gloves.   In  Russia  the
j skins of  new-born  faAvns  are in special
demand for glove making.
The ease with Avhich the reindeer traverse marshy tundras, swim ice-cold
streams of Avater, and pass across fields
of soft snow, has made them special objects of Avonder to all traA'ellers in. the
cold northern countries of Europe. The
singular foot conformation of the animal
is probably the most interesting part of
the reindeer, for it is  owing to this fact
der. No, sir, but I heard you, was
the irate reply. That evidence is not
satisfactory, said Pat. And this time
everybody laughed except the magistrate.
KOTIISCHIXD'S    MAXIMS.
Recorder for a 'certificate of improvements for
the purpose of obtaining a CroAvn. Grant of .the
above claim.
And further take notice that, action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance
of such certificate of improvements.
Dated this 18th dav of November, 1897.
R.E. PALMER, P. L.S.
Chicago Mineral Claim.
Port Clarence, on the Lower Yukon, and
the suggestion comes from Washington j ft is enabled'to perform  feats that defay
that these "camels of the North" could all   other   animals.      Besides   crossing
Baron Rothschild had the following-
frained and  hung* up   in  his
banking* house :
Attend carefully to the details of your
business.
Be prompt in all thing-S;
Consider well,- then decide positively.
Dare to do rig*ht.    Fear to do Avrong\
Endure, trials patiently.
Fig'ht life's battle bravely, manfully.
Go'not into the society of the vicious.
Hold integrity sacred.
Injure  not   another's   reputation   or
business.
Join hands only Avith the virtuous.
Keen your mind, from evil tli'oug-hts.
Lie not for consideration
Make few 'acquaintances."'
Never try to appear Avhat you are not.
Observe good manners.   .
Pay your debts promptly.
Question not the varacity of a friend.
Respect the counsel  of your parents.
Sacrifice money rather than principle.
Touch not, taste nor,   handle not in-
tocating- drinks.
Use your leisure time for improvement.'
Venture not upon  the threshold  of
wrong*.
Watch carfully OAreryour passions.
Extend to eArery one' a kindly salutation.
Yield not to discouragements.
Zealously labor for the right.
And success is A'ottrs.
Vancouver Fraction Mineral Claim.
T
Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of AA7est
Kootenay District. Where located: On south
side of Four Mile Creek, adjoining the Van-
couver Xo. i and the Zilor claims.
AAKE NOTICE that I. Robert E. Palmer, acting as agent for the Vancouver Group Mining Co,, free miner's certificate No. 01120, intend
sixty days from the date hereof to apply to the
Mining Recorder for a certificate of impreive-
meiits, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown
grant-of the above claim.
And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance
of such certificate of improvements.
Dated this 18th dav of November. 1S!I7.
R.E. PALMER, P. L.S.
Situate in the Sloean Mi.iing Division of AVest
Kootenay District. Where located:'On top of
divide between Sandon and Cody creeks and
about one mile from mouth of Cody creek.
•TAKE NOTICE, That I,A:R. Heyland, acting as
1 agent for Alonzo D. Coplen. free miner's certificate No. 77,-l-li. intend, GO davs from the date
hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder, for a
certificate of improvements for the purpose of
obtaining a erowp grant of the above claim.
And further take notice that action under Sec.
37 must be commenced before the, issuance of
such certificate of improvements.
Dated this 28th day. of September, 1897.
Gold Ring- Mineral Claim.
PASSENGER
TRAINS
EACH   DAY.
EACH   DAY
- Between -
Napier Mineral Claim.
T
But sill
For
be utilised in carrying freight and the
United States mails to the neAV mining
regions,  says   George   E. Walsh, in the
"Scientific   American."     Dr.    Sheldon
Jackson, .whose long residence in Alaska
gave him  an opportunity to study the
needs and conditions of the country, first"
recommended   the introduction of  the
reindeer in the newly-acquired  territory
of the United States, and it Avas through
his representations and urgent appeals
that   Congress   finally,   in  1893, appro-
'„. priated $15,000 for the new experiment.
The first importation  of the animals
was small, in order to see if they would
thrive  in  their  new quarters.    At first
everything*seemed to go  against the experiment; but  matters   took a turn for
the better in the second year. A number
of Laplanders   were brought OArer to reside in the new country to act as keepers
and breeders of the animals;
Since then life on the reindeer farm at
Port Clarence has been both intertesting
and profitable. In 1894, Avhen the original herd Avas reported to be in a thriving \ ta,re
condition in their adopted country, the j '* "
Government imported nearly '50 more.
The original herd had by this time increased to over 100, so that the farm
contained about 150 reindeer when the
revenue cutter Bear left Port Clarence in
the summer of 1S94.
Hardly any information has been published since then .concerning the reindeer.
So far as the reading public was concerned one might neA'er know that reindeer \
avere being raised anywhere within the
territory ot" the United States. Moreover,
the Alaskan authorities and people kneAV
little about the experiment and no accounts were given in the annual report
to Congress about their usefulness. But
the animals were thriving in their new
quarters, and ne>v importations Avere
being made by the Government as the
case seemed to demand.
It is, therefore, with considerable
gratification that the news comes from
Port Clarence announcing the excellent
condition of the reindeer herd. Altogether about 500 of the animals have
been imported from Siberia by the Government, and these haATe increased in
the natural manner to OA'er 1000. The
animals take naturally to the country,
and find ample food in the reindeer moss
Avhich thrives throughout the great
Alaskan snow fields. The moss is so
abundant that it is estimated that
millions of reindeer could exist on it,
Avhile almost an}- other animal would
staiwe or freeze to death. The reindeer
on the farm have not only been bred for
future usefulness, but they have been
trained to carry loads and every full
grown animal has been broken to harness
by their Lapland keepers.
In a short time the full herd will probably be needed to accommodate the gold
seekers  avIio   are  now  docking  to " ihe
Klondike.   It is announced semi-official-
ly that the Government .'will establish
next summer a reindeer  express service
from Behring.Straits  to   Kadik  Island,
where the steamers  which sail for Sitka
touch on their   Avay  thither.    Reindeer
'will also probably be established some-
Avhere on the Upper Yukon, within easy
distance of the new goldfields.   It is be-1
lieved that these animals, will prove more |
servicable than either dogs or  railroad i
in carrying  small  loads  and mails from I
the placer mines of  the Klondike to civ- i
ilisation.    Mongrel  dogs   in Alaska!cbst
from $100 to $200 apiece;  but a trained
reindeer is worth a  whole pack of-such j
animals for carrying loads.     ■ ._ ..
The reindeer require little or no care if •
properly handled. In Siberia and Nor-',
wegian''Lapland the Avork of rearing j
them is a profitable industry. There is
a disease similar to rinderpest in cattle |
which occasionally attacks and carries j
off Avhole herds; but when free from this ;
pest the herd is almost sure to double i
itself in numbers year by year. So long i
as the reindeer moss flourishes, the deer j
Avill have  ample  nourishment   and the;
with '■
crusted snows, ice lakes, and marshy
tundras with the greatest facility, the
reindeer can scale icy precipices that
'would baffle almost any other creature,
and all this is done with perfect safety
both to the animal and tlie load that it
drags behind.
The footof the reindeer is cloven, in
the middle, and each half is turned up
in-front. These two sections of the foot
are greatly elongated, and capable of
great lateral expansion. When the foot
is placed on the ground the tAvo sections
expand three or four inches, and Avhen
it is raised again a muscular contraction
brings the two digets together with a
loud clattering noise. It is this peculiar
sound Avhich one hears half a mile away
when the reindeer are approaching. Secondary hoofs that are not deA-eloped
in other deer are greatly prolonged in
the reindeer, and having a slight backward inclination, they add valuable
support to the animal. Thus, with such
a peculiar foot conformation, the reindeer
secures a foothold on any solid substance
and performs Avonders "of strength and
agility within the Arctic circle where all
other animals are placed at  a disadvan-
So once a year when Christinas comes,
Let every sorrow cease;
And let there be for e\'eryonp,
Joy and goodwill and peace.
Act  Respecting
the   Use
Minors..
of Tobacco by
Situste in the Sloean Mining Division of West
Kootenay District. Where located: On south
side of Four Mile Creek, adjoining the Mountain Boomer on the west.
"AAKE NOTICE that I, Robert E. Palmer, acting as agent for the Vancouver Group Min-
_iigCo.,.F. M. C. No. (H-120, intend sixtv days
from the date hereof to S.pply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the
purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above
claim.
And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of
such certificate of improvements.
Dated this 18th day of November, 1897.
It. E. PALMER, J'. L. S.
Iticardo "Mineral Claim.
Situate in the Slocan  Mining DiA'isiou of West
Kootenay  District.    Where located:   South
side of Four Mile Creek adjoining the Zilor
on the West.
•"•MAKE NOTICE That I, Robert E. Palmer, ac-
JL    ting  as  agent   for the  Vancouver. Group
Mining Co.. F. M. C. No. 91-120, intend sixty days
from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certifieare of improvements for the
purpose, of obtaining o Crown grant of the above
claim.
And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of
such certificate of improvements.
Dated this ISth dav of November, 1897.
"R. E. PALMER, P.L.S.
Situate in the Sloean Mining Division of AVest
Kootenay District. Where located: About
one mile from the Forks of Cariboo Creek
and joining the Millie Mack mineral claim.
IAKE NOTICE that I. J. A. Kirk, acting as
agent for H. C. Pollock, free miner's certificate No.. 67,803, intend, sixty days from the
date hereof, to apply to the .Mining- Recorder for
a certificate of improvements, for the purpose
of obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.
And further take  notice that action, under
Trail and
Rossland
m ^Western Rt
Run Made in one Hour.
On the-
rp;
No. 6 Leaves Rossland at 7 a.m.; Connects m
the morning with Steamer at Trail.
No. 3 Leaves Trail at 8:15 a.m.; Connects at
Rossland with Red Mountain train for
Spokane.
section 37, must be commenced before the issu- I No. 2 Leaves Rossland at 11:00 a.m.
.,..~„ ,.e ,..~l *-.•-.*....x„ ..c i . L-..l~ -,-r      _   - ™      .. _
ance of such certificate of improvements.
Dated this List dav of July, 1897
J. A. KIRK.
Great Eastern Mineral  Claim.
Situate in the Slocan MiningDivision of West
Kootenay District.   Where  located:   Adjoining the Madison and about It miles southeast of Town of Sandon. :
TAKE NOTICE that L Robert E.  Palmer of
Sandon, acting as agent for Price Eaton
Co., free miners' certificate No. 97135 intend 00
days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements
for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of
the above claim.
And further take notice that action under
Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements
R.E. PALMER, P.L.S.
Dated this 10th day of September, 1897.     selO
Cube lode Mineral Claim.
Whatever maAr be said of the smoking
habit in general, there  is such a
consensus of opinion respecting* the pernicious effects, both physical, mental and
moral, of the smoking- of cigarets as
should leave no option with the authorities respecting* the enforcement of the
laAv against supplying- lads under 18
years of age Avith cigiirets. Many are
wholly unaAvare of the ample statutory
protection provided for the youth of our
land against thin, evil.
American Girl Mineral Claim.
Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West
Kootenay District. Where located: Adjoining the Qjueen Bess claim on the east about
two miles south of Three Forks.
■JUKE NOTICE That I, Robert E. Palmer, ac-
1 ting as agent for Win. ..Glynn.. F. M.C. No.
852o.*i, and James H. Moran, F. M. C. No. 83010,
intend sixty days from the date hereof to apply
to IheMining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown
grant of the above claim.
And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance
of such certificate of improvements.
Dated this lltli day of November, 1897
R. E. PALMER, P. L. S;
Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West
Kootenay District. Where located: On top
of divide between Sandon and Cody creeks
and about one mile from mouth of Cody
creek,
-PAKE NOTICE.That I, A.R.Heyland, acting as
I agent for Alonzo D. Coplen. free miner's certificate No. 77,22-1, intend, 00 days from the date
hereof, to anply to tho Mining Recorder for a
certificate of improvements, for the purpose of
obtaining a ciwvn grant of the above claim.
And further take notice that action under Sec.
37 must, be commenced before the issuance of such
certificate of improvements.
Dated this 28th day of September. 1897.
] No. 1 Leaves Trail at 12:30 p.m.; Connects with
i       C.P.R. main line Steames from, the north
at, Trail.
I No. i Leaves Rossland at 3:(K)p.m.: Connects
I       with C.P.R.' main line Ste&ii-e-rs for the
north ot Trail.    .,
No. 5 Leaves Trail at 5:45 p.m.; Connects with
Steamer Lytton at Trail. ,
F. P. GUTELIUS, Gen'ISupt.
Trail, B.C., June 4,1897.
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
_RAILWAY.
The Quickest
and
Cheapest Route
East
or
West.
O sing, little children.
And sing, young and old ;
Though tlie joy of the Christinas
Can ne\'cr he told—
if and rejoice,  with our banners unfurled,
the Christ that is come is the hope of the
world.
HOW   TO    UU IN    A    TOWN.
Jack—Was yours a long courtship,
old felloAV?
"Will—Gracious, no. "My Avife had nine
little brothers and sisters.
"What difference? Well, if you had to
bribe a crowd like that to keep out of
the parlor eArery time you went to see
your girl you'd soon want ivto cut expenses.".
A newspaper story is called : "The
Head of Bacchus." Bacchus is responsible for many big* heads and this may
be one of them.
.Baby 'carriages, fancy upholstery and
iiriiiturc at CroAvlev's
t
This was the answer given by Foote
to a dissipated dude avIio' asked'him in
what iioav character he should g-o to a
masquerade :    "Go sober •'
First Extension Mineral Claim.
Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West
Kootenay District. Where located: Lying
south of the Young Dominion claim oh
Howson Creek about two miles south of the
Idaho Concentrator.
TAKE NOTICE That I. Robert E. Palmer,
acting as agent for Wm. Glynn. free miner's
certificate No. 8525.1, intend sixty days from the
date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a
certificate of improvements for the purpose of
obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.
And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of
such certificate of improvements.
Dated this-11th day of November. 1897.
^   R. E. PALMER. P.L.S
Midnig-ht Fractional   Mineral Claim.
L. 18.15, Gr. 1.
Derby Mineral Claim.
Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West
Kootenay    District.      Where    located:—
On Carpenter Creek about half a mile above
the town of Cody and adjoining the Chambers mineral claim.
•TAKE NOTICE that-I, John Hirseh, as agent
1   for   A..   H.  Buchanan,    free   miner's   certificate No. 83,548, intend, sixty days from the
date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a
certificate of improvements, for the purpose of
obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.
And further take notice that action, under Sec.
37, must bo commenced before the issuance of
such Certificate of Improvements.
Dated this 10th day of October. 1807.
JOHN   HIRSCH.
Steamer leaves Nakusp every
morning, making close connection
at Revelstoke with trains or
all points East or "West.
L.
Dunedin
1853, Gr: i.
Mineral Claim.
A hoy's description of having- a tooth
pulled expresses it about as near as
anything- we have seen : "Just before
it killed me the tooth came out."
She (examining- illustrations in Milton's "Paradise Lost"): "His satanic
majest looks thin. What do you suppose he lives on".-"' He (grimly): "Fried soles."
Avoinan  practised with a
she could hit a suspender
i A very pointed and practical article
ontheahove subject appears in a late
number of- an eastern contemporary,
and, as there are people in our own city,
unfortunately, who stand in need of the
reminders Avhich it contains, avo reproduce the article in full:
"Let us assume that a town which
lacks local pride and spirit, and whose
inhabitants send -much of their cash to
departmental stores,*carries the  thing
to its logical conclusion, and buys!
everything away from home, and what
follows ? "The merchants put up their j
shutters and quit. The main street has
gone out of business. The post office
and express office are the local branches
of the departmental store, and are busy
sending off orders and handling- parcels.
The -merchants, Avith their families, and
their clerks, scatter to the four corners
of the earth. There are. perhaps, two
banks in the town, and one closes at
once, but the other Avails to see Iioav
business will be. The editor of the
local paper 'ooks oa'Ci* his field and
peers into the future, and then removes
his plant   to   some place  far from  an 	
overshadoAving citv.    Those who  own!
property along   the   main   Street find it \ &*™*o in the Slocan Mining Division of AVest
r.    I    .  ■•      ,     C ,-v-, ,    _e    t,_    i„,...i !     .lvootennyDist.net-.   Where located: Twenty
five miles west of Kootenay 'Lake and about
Situate in  the Slocan  Mining Division of West
Kootenay District.   Where located:   On Alt.
Adams, adjoining the Adams and Britomarte
two miles southwest of Sandon.
T-AKE NOTICE that I, Robert E. Palmer, act-
I    ing as.agent for tlie Adams British Columbia
Co. Ltd, free miner's certiiicate No. 0335 A, intend
sixty days from the date hereof to anply to the
Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for tlie purpose of obtaining a Crown grant
of the above claim.
And further take notice, that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of
such certiiicate of improvements.
Dated this 11th day of November, 1807.
R. E. PALMER, P.L.S.
Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West
Kootenay District.   Where located: On Reco
Hill and adjoiuing tlie Ruecaii and Blue Bird
Mineral Claims.
-fAKE NOTICE that I, John Hirseh, as agent
1    for James Man-hall, F. Al. C. 88878, Thomas
Brown, F.M.C. 83451, and Duncan S. Forbes, F.
M.     C.     G9176.     intend,     sixty    days  .from
the  date  hereof,   to   apply   to   the  Alining
Recorder for a certificate  of  improvements,
for the purpose of obtaining a CroAvn grant of
the above claim.
And further take notice that action; under
section 37, must be commenced before the
issuance of such certificate of improvements
Dated this 15th day of October, 1897.
JOHN HIRSCH.
Before you travel get information from
C.P.R.   Agents as to time and
rates.    It will save you money
Apply to nearest Railway Agent
or to
H. DOUGLAS,-Agent.
H. M. MacGregor,   Trav. Pass Agt,
Nelson,   or to E.  J.  Coyle,   Dist.
Pass. Agfc, Vancouver, B. C.
s
k
Nelson & Ft. Sheppard
Red  Mountain
RAILWAYS
A Michigan
revolver until
button -it eight paces. Then' there
came a burglar into the house, early
one morning, - and. she sent a bullet
pinging through her husband's left ear.
Carpets, door cloth, rugs, mats, curtains. Bedroom sets in ash and oak.
Largest stock in Slocan-Kootenay.
CROWLEY, above Ledo-k Office, New
Denver. Freight paid to all Lake Points
and Sandon.
CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS
Reciprocity  lAfineral Claim.
Felly Mineral   Claim.
Situate in the Slocan  Alining Division of West
Kootenay District.   Where located: On Four
Mile Creek, near mouth of Granite Creek, ad-
joinintrthe Mountain Boomer.
rpAKE NOTICE that I. Robert E. Palmer, act-
X    ing as agent for the Vancouver Oroup Alining Co., F. M. C. No. 04420 intend sixtv -days from
the date hereof to apply to the Jliuiiiir Recorder
for a certificate of improvements for the purpose
of obtaining a Crown  grant of tlie above claim.
And further take notice -that action under section .'17 must be commenced before the issuance
of such certiiicate of improvements.
Dated tin's 18th dav of November. 1807;
'R. E; PALMER, P L. S.
Concord "Mineral Claim.
"  L. 1850, Gr. 1.
Lalla Book Mineral Claim.
Situate in tlie Slocan Mining Division'of West
Kootenay   District.     Where located:    Adjoining the Carbonate King mineral claim on
Payne Mountain.
""PAKE NOTICE that I.John Hirseh, as agent for
1   Edward Mahon, free miner's certificate No. i
94fi37, intend no days from the datehereof, to apply ;
to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of im- i
provements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown !
grant of the above claim. j
And, further take notice, that, action under I
Section37must.be commenced before the is-j
suance of said certificate of improvements.      '■
Dated this, Soth day of October, 1807. j
JOHN HIRSCH.
Ajax    Fraction    Mineral    Claim.
almost   valueless.     One   of , the local i
liiAvyers niOAres away.   .One of the doctors' sells out to the other.. The fanners
of the surrounding country rise fit 3
a in., and drive on  through the village
to   the city to sell;'their produce and
make their purchases.    They consult a
city doctor, or   lawyer, or dentist,   if
they (iieed advice or treatment.   The
farms, once worth 8100 an acre,-because
| adjacent to a  living*, town,  decline in
Rvalue until they are Avorth only SHd or
j §40 an acre,   because no .living* 'town or I
: market are near.    The OAvner of the j
i big* mill or  factory, which was bonused ;
| years ago. Avill iioav harken to the offers ;
j he gets to   locate, in  other places, and j
j the town,   having iioav, no  future,  no!
' pro-ipeet of better shipping facilities,the j
factory will pack up andgo fiAvay.    In
short the town will have no  excuse for |
existing.     The. surrounding    country!
does nor need it; it doesn't  need itself; '
its people might;as well move away and |
get into  the'city to which  they   really
belong.    Logically, this is the outcome
—a whole province with no industry or
trade in it but places   for tinkering and
repairing iu a small avu.v : a whole pro-;
povince in   which  only  rich  cities and i
rich men can thrive at all. all  retailing;
muds  of  millionaire j
strong    enough    to j
or  to resort to  tiny '
being strong enough
10 miles oast of Sloean Lake, and about four
miles south of Seaton Creek, a westerlv extension of the M;vid of Erin. . .
'JUKI!* NOTIQ-E. that I. Charles A. Stoess of
1 Kaslo,B. C.;-acting as a«cnt for the Slocan
Kecitirocity Mining "Co., foreign, free miner's
certiiicate Fo. Kl.,{tt0, intend, sixty days from the
date hereof, lo apply to the mining recorder for a
certificate of improvements, for the purpose
of obtaining a CroM-n grant of' the, above
claim.    .     ' .      '    - -
And further take notice that action as under
Section !(7 must be commenced before tho issuance of such certificate of improvements.
Dated this I) all dav of November, 18117.
Lillian Xo. 4  Mineral Claim.
Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West
Kootenay District. Where located: Adjoining the Young Dominion oil the north.-about
1* miles south of the Idaho concentrator.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Robert E. Palmer acting
as agent for Jas. H. Moran. F. M.'C. No'
8301(1. John A. Finch. F. M. C. No. 7!)f>,3l, AVm.
Glynn. F. M. C. 852m, and Peter Larson. F. M.
C. No. 83717, intend .sixty days from the date
hereof, ' to apply to tlie Mining Recorder for a certificate of impiwements for
the purpose of obtaining a crown gran^ of tlie
above claim.
; And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance
of such certificate of imnrovements.
Dated this llth dav of November, 181)7.
R E. PALMER. P.L.S.
Inverness Mineral Claim.
Situated in the Slocan .Mining Division of
West Kootenay District. AVhere located:
On Payne Mountain slide.
'PAKE NOTICE, that I; Charles 'A. Stoess or
1 Kaslo. B. C. acting as ag.uit for tin- Slocan
Reciprocity Milling C-o.. foreign, free miner's
certificate No. 8I.Si(i. intend sixty days from
the date hereof, to apply to the Mining
Recorder for'a certificate of improvements.lor
the purpose of obtaining a Crown grunt of the
above claim.
,   And further tnUc  notice  Mint  action, under
section 37, must be commenced, before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.
Dated this fiilth da vof November. 1897.
owners have only to supply ther
shelter. : passing'into  tlu
In   return   for   this  simple   care  the; men    companies
animals  transport  the   burdens of  tlie : practise, any  trick
keepers across the   country   at   a  most i tyranny, and nnn<
remarkable   speed   and   in   the   face of' to resist them.""
every discouragement.    In the Palace of 	
Drot'inghold. SAveden, there is preserved
the portrait of a reindeer Avhich is said to
have accomplished 000 miles in 48 hours,
drawing a   bearer   of dispatches.   This
remarkable feat, may not be suscepitable     ,      ,-..      ,    ,        , .. „       ., •„
of proof,   but   it   furnishes us with an ' son*, Oi only heard it, was the evasive
approximate  idea of  the speed and en-
Ocean  Mineral  Claim.
'    An Irish Avitness Avas being examined as to his  knowledge of a shoot
ing affair.     <:Did   vou see  the shot
fired ? *' the magistrate asked.   , *' No,
durance of the animals.
Besides serving as good horses, the
reindeer are extremely valuable to inhabitants of Artie climates in other
wavs. The does yield nearly a pint of
milk ;i dav. which is so rich that it is
almost wholly cream, and it, will stand
a good deal of water before it becomes
inferior to cow's milk. This milk is of
o-reat nourishing and ivireshing value in    la
ansAver. That evidence is not satisfactory, replied the magistrate stern
lv: stand down! The witness turned
round to leave the box, and, directly
his back avos turned he laughed derisively. The magistrate, indignant
at f.his'contempt of court, called h'm
back and asked him how he dared to
laugh in court. " Did ve see me
ugh, ver luuiniV queried the wffen-
j Situate in the Slocan MiningDivision of West,
i Kootenay   District.     Where  located:   Near
Maid nf Erin  <ni   I'ayiie Mountain adjoining
; said claim on West.
! 'PA KK NOT!(.MO. that: I. I-harlcs A. K-oc-s of
| 1 K.-islo, H. O.. acting as agent for .0. AV
j Moore, free miner's certificate No. -Ifi'iOA and Jas.
j Waugh, free miner's certificate No. 77,•'-•-',
j intend sixty day*, from date hereof to
j apply to the Mining Recorder for u. certificate
I of improvements for the purpose of obtaining
; a Crown grunt of the above claim.
And further take notice that action under
Section ."7 must be r.ommoiiced before . the
issuance of such certificate uf improvements.
Date.) this "ojli il.-iy of November. 1SSI7.
silv«-r Star Mineral   Claim.
Situate in the Sloean Milling Division of AVest
Kootenay District. Where ioeated: On Four
Miie Creek at mouth of Oraui-e Creek, adjoining t he Moii ii tain Runner
"BVAKI-: NilTICK the 1.1* K. I'almer. acting
H     a** agent for ihe   A'ancoiivcr Group  Mining
<'.'.. I'rce miner's   c.-rt ilicate   Xo.  !i| \'1\ intend iti
davs IV,.ni Mi.- ilil.- hereof t.i ap.il.- I > Ihe Mining
Situate  in the Slocan   Mining Division,   AVest
Kootenay District.   AVhere located:  On Red
Mountain about two miles northwest from
and about nine miles from the mouth of the
North Fork of Carpenter Creek.
rpAKE NOTICE, that 1. Robert E. I'almer, of
1    Sandon, acting as agent for John Brown, of
Sandon.    free    miner's   certificate    No.    7ill(iS
intend,     sixty    days    from    date    hereof    to
apply .to the """fining Recorder for a certificate of
improvements  for the  purno.se   of  obtaining   a
Crown grant of the above claim.
And further tn.J-.-e notice that action, under
section   .TT.  mu-*f  he commenced   before   the
issuance of such certiiicate  of improvements
'Dated tbi-; Ith dav of November. ]S!)7.
R. K. PALMER. V. L. S.
Sapphire iiikI CJcsn Mineral  Claims.
Situate in the Siccan   Mining Division of West
Kootenay District.    AA'here  located: Adjoiu-
ingthe Lalla Rook and   Minneapolis nihiera
claims on Payne Mountain.
TAKE NOTICE that I. John Uirsch, as agent
for the. Kamsdc.U Mining and Milling Co..
free miner's certiiicate Xo. Tills A, intend, sixty I
days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining !
Recorder for certiiicate of improvements, for the j
purpose of obtainingCrown gran! of ah >v<> claims, i
And further take notice that action, under '•
Section .'i7. must be commenced before the I
issuance of such certiiicate of improvements, j
Dated this -.'ath dav of i lc.tober.lsn7. !
JOHN HIRSCH.        I
Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of AVest
Kootenay district.   AA'here located: On AA'est
Fork of Noble Five slide, 1000 feet from summit of R.E.  Lee Mounain. a reloca'ion of
the Malboi'o, bounded on  north by Starlight
and Duluth on the south bv Ajax imcl Crowii
Point, east by Treasure Vault, west bv Rush-
ford and Lee Fraction.
-jAAKE NOTICE, That I, E. JY Matthews.-act-
J.    ing as agent for A\"m.  Braden. free miner's
certificate No. 70,iss,.intend, sixty days from the
date hereof, to apply to the .Alining Recorder for
a Certificate of Improvements, for the. purpose of
obtaining a Crowii grant of the above claim.
And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance
of such certificate of improvements.
Dated this 2.">th day of November. 1807.
The only all rail route without change
fears between Nelson and Eossland
nd Spokane and Rossland.
Only Route to Trail Creek
and Mineral District ofthe
Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay
Lake and   Slocan
| Points.
I Daily, Except Sunday.
j       LKAVE. AllRlVE.
9:20 a.m.        NELSON
12:00 "       'ROSSLAND
8:00 a.m.       SPOKANE
5:35 p.m
2:50   "
6:40 p.m
Kaslo and
Close connection with Steamers for
all Kootenay lake points.
Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary
Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.
INTERNATIONAL      NAVIGATION
& TRADING CO.,  LTD.
St
ta
NcrncE.
VTOTICE is hereby given that 00 davs after date
La I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner
of Lands and Works for permission to purchase
the following parcel of land situated on the
east side of Slocan Lake,Sloean Mining Division,
West Kootenay District, commencing at the
southwest post of A. M. Wilson's pre-emption,
thence running north 10 chain's, thence running
west to the Nakusp & Slocan Railwav right of
way, thence running south along the line of the
Nakusp & Slocan Railway right of way to the
northwest corner of the townsite of Rosebery,
thence east to the point of commencement, con-,
tabling .sOacres, more or less.
Dated, Nov. 28th, 1S07.
A. MY BEATT1E.
NOTICE
On Kootenay' Lake and R'ver.
Time Card iii Effect   Oct.   1st,   1897.   Daily
Except Sunday. Subjcctto Change without notice
Close connection at Five Mile Point with all
passei'gei trains of the N. & F.S.R.R. to and from
Northport, Rossland and Spokane.
Through   ticket? sold at Lowest Rates and
Baggage checked to all United States Points.
Lv
Lv
. Kaslo for Nelson ahd way points. f>:io a.m
Ar. Northport 12:15 p.m.: Rossland 3:10 p
m.: Spokane, (J p.m.
Nelson for Kaslo and \?ay points. 4.15 p.m.
Lv. Spokane 8 a.m : Rossland. 10:20 a.m.:
North-port, 1:50 a.m.
Sixty (fill) days after.date I intend to applv to
the Chief Commissioner of La nds and AVorks* for
permission to purchase tlie following described
land: Commencing at S. Walker's northwest
corner post, running north forty (10) chains, following tlie Columbia river, thence, east eighty
(80) chains, thence south forty (to) chains, thence
west eighty (SO) chains, and Containing three
hundred and tweutv (:!2H) acres of land, more or
less. "     ELLEN' McDOUOALD.
Dated this llth day of November. 1807.
BONNER'S FERRY ami .KOOTENAY RIVER
SERVICE.
The Alberta awaits the arrival of the International before leaving for Bonner's Ferry.
Lv. Kaslo. Sat.. I.oo p. m: Ar. Boundary, Sun.
midnight: A.i. Bonner's Ferry. Sun.. 10..10 a.m.
Lv Bonner's Ferry. Sun.. 1 p.m.: Ar. Boundary. Sun., 5 p.m.: Ar. Kaslo. Sun.. 10 p.m.
('lose connecton at'Bonner's Ferry with
trains East bound, leaving Spokane 7.10 a.m..
and West bound, arriving Spokane 7 p.m.
The last trip this season on the Honnpr's Ferry'
route will be on the uth and 7th November after
which date the Honner's Ferry service will tie
discontinued.
GEOK'-E   ALEXANDER, Geii'l Mgr
Head Oflicc at Kaslo, B.C.
Kaslo. H C. Oct. 1,18!'"
TIME CARD
Subject to change Avithout notice
Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.
i California
Parisian,
('.a rr.ha ^inian
Ijii I.nulor.Domini
A'a ucou ve.r.
Line.
- ! L'j
XikiikIii.v, flrcy
.ruly Mi
Kagle, and Tourth of
iicral  Claims.
Situate in the Slocan Mining Division ol' AA'est
Kootcuii.y Disi rict. When- located: On the
east slope of the valley of Cody creek, about
three, miles from   ( 'od\.
"J*AKE NOTICE.   That   1,    J.   II.   Or.-iv.   act-;
1.    ing    as     agent     for     livr.ii     X.    "White,
free   miner's   certificate   No.  7-l.2i-o,  inte.ii'l.   tto!
days from the date hereof lo  apply lo the .Alining i
Recorder for Cerlilieato of  rmprovenients, for the
purpose   of   obtaining   Crown   Grant   of   ah ivc
claims.
And furthe.r take notice   that acli ruler See. >
:*7 must be  commenced  bef ire  is-Mi.-inc •' of  -u:-!i
('crliiieate of iuiprnvciiieiiN.
Da'ed this sth 'lay uf S .p: ••inhei- Is.- ; j
live S on
"   s :'<;
■•    0 5]
•• in (•:*
•• io is
■• in :is
r.   10-50
A.M.
11.oo a.m.
11.25    -
Kaslo
South Fork
Sproule's
AVhitcwator
Hear LaV
MeGuigan
Cody .ill'.ict.io
Sandon
i'OI'V    LINK.
S.nidoii
C.ilv
Arrive,
50 P.M
LTmbria. ('uiiai'd Line-	
Etruria " 	
< 'a in pa ni.-i.      -■	
Alajestic. White Shir .Line	
Teutonic '• 	
St.. i'nul. A iiicrica n  Line	
St. Loiii*.   . •• 	
Sra.te .il'Ncbr:i<k:i. Allan Stat e
I "roi n Ni
vine
Leave 1 oo
loi ureal
w York
..	
..
roi-;*
IKVLNU,
Traffic Mngr.
HVX')
Arrive
For chen
a nd from ;il
S.   (YAM I
P  r.iilr
I   i.oint*
'lil
COPULA XI),
Sn-ii-riiiti-iid'-
<i'"i in-.iii i  ; i.-ki-L*
l
A •<■•.■. 11
md
Si'inh'.'.-.u-k. Red Svar Line
Noordland. ••  	
Cabin -15. san, sco. 7'.' .-so a ml upward*:.
Interuii-iliate >.".u and upwards.
Steerage :-25..*>oand upwards.
Passengers   Ticketed   through  to all  ii.'ini- in
Great  I'ritain  or Ireland, and at   Specially  low
rates to all parts of the European Ont.i.'H-iii'.
Prepaid Pa>.~agi-s e.t-iMngeil Irom all p.'iuis.
Anpl\   P.   A.  (  .  McAl-rilL]-.  CIM;.   Agent
Saiiiloli, or
WILLIAM    ST1TT.
General Agent,
OH. r, p. I', uflii es. Winnipeg THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 23, 1897.  Fifth Year  MINING   RB0ORDS.  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded during the  ���week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Denve-were  as follows:���  Dkc 18���Seven-Thirty  Thomas.  LOCATIONS.  Eight  Mile,    Samuel  Eve. To theSKnights of Pythias belongs the honor of this, the first of its  kind in this district,and it will undoubtedly be a grand success. The ladies  are entering into the spirit of the affair  with great animation,and many beautiful and fancy costumes are being prepared for the occasion. Those wh'imiss  this ball are cheating themselves out of  the remaining great   event of the year.  From   the Gazette.  ASSESSMENTS.  Dec 17���Idea, Mollie Hughes.  ..  Dkc do���Black Eagle. ''  Dec SI���Jubilee, Hoodoo, Big Cedar.  XUASSFEKS.  Dec 15��� Grant V George Fail-burn   to James  BOWeS, NOV 1. ' vr        ,  W II R i, A R Fingland to Bowes, Nov 1.  DECIO-Power of  Attorney, Alex Harrison to. \ province,  J Al Al Benedum, Dec 'J.  Dec 17���Red Fox ��, A W AA"right to if  Dec 0. .   :  Dec 20��� Chas Newlionse ami J D Reyan to A 1)  AVilliairls and D C McDonald, agreement to transfer all interest ih Kevstone and Evening Star for  -J1.VXW, March 15.'  Emily Edith \. AV II R *-, Jas Bowes to Mary E  Rammelmeyer, agreement to purchase.. Nov'a,  S2.50O, Mary E Rammelmeyer to Chas E Rope all  interest in said agreement.'  Emilv Edith ���}, Patrick Dnlv to Alary E Ram-  .lnelnicyer, agreement to purchase, Nov 8, *?2,50O. ;    ,, -vr,./-.,,!!,,,,,   ,,r  Alary E Ranimelmeyer to Chas E Hope, all inter- i ��PU -��ut .uiuiii, oi  est iii said agreement.  The current number of the official B.  C. Gazette contains the folloAving announcements :  Hon. Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper and  Hon. Fredrick Peters, both of victoria,  to be Notaries Public.'within and for the  KClark.:    William Francis Brougham, of Nel-  ' I son, to be a Notary   Public. Avithin and  for the County of Kootenay.  Gilbert William Alfred Ranken, of  Grand Forks, to be a Notary Public  Avithin and for the Province of British  Columbia.  Arthur Ramsay   .Marshall   and Don-  SLOCAN     CITY     DIVISION".  ���ritAXSKKHS.  lo���.Aloiiinmrciiici  *., J  G .Millar to A AV  Dec  Si u I ibs  Atlas, W D AlcGregor to Fred J Smyth.  Cedar \, Ed Browne to A York and J N Clarke  Huntingdon, Fred J Smyth to Harold Ellis.  Atlas, same to same  Welshman. John Hughes to II AV Kent.  Vanleek   Hill J,   Roderick   Cameron   to  Alex  McMillan.  AINSAVOliTH    DIVISION.  .   LOCATIONS.  Dec' Hi���Last Chance, J AlMcl'liee : Chinook  Duncan Graham.  assessments.  Dec 13���Granite, Little Alauil,  CEItrU'ICATK OF IMPllOA'KJlKNTS.  Dec lit���Star, to D F Strobeck,and J R Han lie.  Dec 14���I.C., to R C Campbell-Johnson.  TliANSl-'KJSS.  Dec 13���Eurydice .-., L McLean lo T E Cronin.  Eurydice and Ion a -J, iiotic-o of withdrawal of  claim'liy T E Cronin.  ���Dec 14���Lake VieAv -|. AY H Sherrod to HAY j  Collins. I  Clifl'i, B W Hill to V A Johnson.  Dec 15���Florence, Tobique Fraction, Rabbit's  Paw *, R S Gallop, AY A Skinner to AY P Dickson, >-;i00.  DecKJ���Joker 1, GJ-AA" Taylor to Robert, AlcGregor, *J100;  Dec 17���Silver Cable. Savannah. Lewiston .'.  Jas Nicholson to Isaac. AValdron ���!-, s*-r>0.  Same, Lewis O Hague to Isaac Waldron, irion.  Jennie C, AlvrtleR, AVin E Mann to .) L Retal-  lack,.-*100.      "  .   ThurloAV Island, to be  Justices, of the Peace, within and for  the. County of Nanaimo.  J. J"). Sibbald, of Revelstoke, to .tll(*  undermentioned offices, vice .1. II. Gra  ham, resigned, namely': Gold Commissioner for the Uevelstoke, !lh;cille\vae.t,  Lardeau and Trout Lake Mining Divisions; Stipendary Magistrate: Gov-  Assistant Comniiss'ion-  %.  ^iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii!  I NEWS IN PLACE f  %yiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinii^  Who stole the  i. eminent Agent  ��� er of Lands and Works  ! Collector; District Registrar of  Births.  ! Deaths and   Marriages and    Registrar.  | under the "Marriage Act," for the I.ev-  ; elstoke Division of the West  Kootenay  ; District.: Registrar of the County Court  I of Kootenay"   holden   at   Revelstoke:  Clerk  of. the   Peace for the County of  Kootenay,and Collector of Votes for the  North Riding of West   Kootenay   K-lcc-  toral   District.  The public offices of tlie Provincial  Government Avill be closed on Friday  and Saturday, the 24th and 25th insi...  and on Friday the :-il��t hist., a*ul Saturday the 1st prox.  Licenses have been granted to the  folloAving companies : .13. C. Agency,  Limited"; B. C. Development Company,  Limited; B. C. (Rossland and Slocan)  Syndicate, Limited; Klondike Mining,  Trading and Transportaiion Company,  Limited.  have been sendin out to these rich people for years.  Now what is botherin me is hoAV to  save them coal operators, and railroad  owners, and monopolists,and rich stockf  holders in monopolies, from ihaA'in to  pay toward sich things as "keepin up  the militia.*'  They are leadin citizens and oavh the  coalfields, and railroads,and banks, and  trusts, and sich. They are rich, and  everything shoold be done to make it  easy for them to get along in the Avorld  Avit'hout trouble.  If there "were  no laborin, 411 en, there i  Avouldn' be any need of "keeping up the  militia."  So if the militia is to be used only to  quiet the people who1'labor, the best  thing I knOAV of is to get rid of the laborin people.  They seem to be a kind of uiiAvelcoiiie  reatures in this Avorld anyhow.  If Ave can get-rid of them, this Avill  be a fine country. The rich can live in  peace and the militia fellers can go to  doin somethin useful,  Noav there is several good Avays to git,  rid of the people avIio Avork for a livin.  The best and surest- Avay is to kill  them, and iioav is the time to do it,  Avhen hind : is cheap. The bury in Avont  cosl so much iioav as it Avould if Ave had  more money and land Avas higher.  But 1 dont believe in shootin.  They ort to be killed in. some nice,  quiet way, in a Avay .that wont cripple  them up as militia shootin might.  T hate, to see crippled poor people: it  makes me feel sorry for them.  .Pile thiny to do is to  git  a great lot  :r  Black's Hotel  Sandon; B. C.  Come to the well-  known little store  and buv vour Xmas  presents.  of   Toys;  for  tbe j  1  Yer-:  Plenty  ana  Children;  ware, Watches, Diamond Rings, etc. etc  My stock of. Hats, Jiibbons,  Hosiery and Ladies' Goods  will be sold at greatly reduced prices' for "50 days.  Has Steam Heat,  Electric Light and  every convenience for  the comfort of guests.  The house is . . . . .  First=class  in every respect  and has feAv "equals in  the mountains ofthe  West.   The rates are  TO  $250  a day  $400  �����  r��  of is to offer a  I  ''real coav hnt-  side dishes, and  and   feast their  The extra-provincial  gistered  during   the   wee  Paris   Bell    Gold    Mining   Company:  The Denver mystery:  turkey.  ".T.B.Godfrey and son  the coast for Christmas.  have gone to  J. H. Mitchell now  ins- in NeAV Denver  ling-ers the  for the C, P.  >f'~  Frank Pyman has sold his residence  on Sixth street to some eastern people.  A. II. Holden,  of Sandon, spent 'he  early part of the week in Ncav Denver.  J.  D.   Sibbald   has   been oppointed  Gold Commissioner for North kootenav  ire rampant in New Den-  are   entertained   of   an  The Scotch  ver. Fears  uprising.  C. W. McAmi, Dr. Hartin and H.  Byers ore mentioned in the mayoralty  contest at Kaslo.  Win. Thomlinson left on Monday for  Kingston, Out., Avhere he will take a  course in the School of Mines.  Phoenix Gold Mining Company and the  Star Exploring and Mining Conipany.  Messrs. Davis, Marshall^ McNeil &  Abbott giA-e notice that, they Avill apply  to the Legislature for an act to incorporate the Mountain TraniAvay and  Electric Company, Avith power to construct, acquire and operate ropoAvays  and trauiAvays for transportation of  freight from points on or near the Nakusp and Slocan Raihvay and branches  thereof, to mines and mineral claims in  the MeGuigan camp and WhiteAvater  Basin and^elscAvliere in the district  through which said railway and branches pass or Avill pass, and from points on  Columbia. & Kootenay Raihvay, Crow's  Nest Pass Raihvry line line, constructed  or to be constructed and branches  hereof in the mining districts of the  East and AVest Kootenay, to mines and  mineral claims in the districts through  which said raihvay and branches respectively pass or will pass; add to construct, acquire and operate Avorks and  slant'-' to generate and supply heat,  ight and electricity in tne said districts and elsewhere in the Province,  and to dispose of such heat, light and  electricity; and to acquire and hold all  kinds of real and.'personal property,  together   with   power   to   expropriate  Assessor and   of them together in a hunch,  then do it  quick and sure.  The best way 1   Ioioav  i great feast of bread and  j tor.'' with three or four  | then invite all to  conic  '���fill.  i Then when they are all at a great  i feast; eatin and enjoyin theirselvcs, like  ! the rich people do,' have an electric ar-  i rangenient fixed so the current .could;  ! be'turned on the whole crowd at once,  j and'"in" 12 seconds thev would be'stone  | dead.  j.    They would die Avith a smile on their  ! faces, jist. like as  if they  had  alius sot  I at the table of plenty and enjoyed their-  j selves.   The big  Methodist church in  [town would be a good place to have the  j feast and do the'killin.  j    Then arter the current Avas turned off  I all we would haA'e to  do would be to  i load their dead bodies  in Avagons and  ! haul them off and bury  them  in some  cheap piece of ground and let the militia disband.    Dont you see, in that Avay  Ave would dispose of the old and young  alike���the little children  as Avell as the  grown up men  and Avomeii ?    I kno\v  some of the little children are pretty.  Some even have nice yaller. curly hair,  big blue eyes and red'eheeks,  and love  one another.    I've heern of them cling-  in  to the   necks  of  their fathers and  mothers with love' even  when hungry.  But   Ave Avill  have to    kill  the    little  things, or they will groAv up  to annoy  the rich, jist as their" fathers and mothers annoy them iioav.  Of course, 1 Iciioav drownin is a easy  death, and pizenin and till sich, but  them are old fashioned Avays- Some of  them might escape if we undertook to  do it them Avays.  This electricity bi/aiess is a grand  thing,and is sure death if Avorked right.  Of course, other counties could do it  whichever   Avay  they  think  best, but  MKS. J.  Josephine St.  11.  WERKLWY.  ��  IRA W. BLACK,  Fkophiistoh.  companies re-  *    are : The  Parson's  Produce  Company  Its Central Location  and proximity to all  railroad depots make  it  the   headquarters  tor ... . .   .-.:...  flinih-g  and Commercial  Men;  during their visits to  the silver metropolis  , of Canada.  Winnipeg,  Manitoba.  Mr. Pvman Avill build   a  store build-  lands and all   other poAvers and privil-  on  Sixth   street between West's  assay office and Mrs. Merkley's store.  Ottawa.���A. /E. Irving, of Victoria,  has been appointed to the bench of the  Supreme Court of B. C. iu place of Mr.  McCreight, resigned.  Mr. Foster, avIio for the past six  months has been teaching the young  mind of Denver how to snoot, left for  the Coast to-day, much to the regret of  many citizens.  The Windsor Hotel has been fitted  out with a neAV bar. It is a very handsome affair done in antique oak, and  adds greatly to the appearance of the  establishment.  Miss McQueen, avIio has handled C.  P. R. lightning ih the commercial office  for the past two years, left on Monday  to spend Christmas in her old home in.  Harriston, Ontario,  Divine service will be held in the  Presbyterian church next Sundav, Dec.  2��th, at 7:15 p.m. Subject: ' "The  First Advent of Christ." Preacher W.  J. Booth.   Everybody welcome.  A deer hangs in front of the Hotel  Slocan with the following startling inscription tacked ftto its left ear : "Shot  by Henry Stege." And the deer looks  as though it had been alive once, too.  Bartlett Brothers, the well-known  packers have shipped all their stock  north, :and will pack goods between  Skagway and Bennett lake until spring  when they -will commence business on  the trail between Telegraph creek and  Teslin lake.  Special Christmas service will he held  in  the Methodist   church   on   Sunday  next:   Morning   at   11,   subject "The  Story of the Child's Names."   Evening j  at 7:15, subject "Visitors to Bethleham." j  Preacher R: N. Powell.    Special music i  will be given   by the choir.    All   wel-  eges that tnay be necessarv, incidental  or advantageous to the full exercise of  the poAvers "hereinbefore mentioned.  The  BETSY    ON    MILITIA.  Oltl    Lady's    Plan    to   Relieve   the  Rich of an Expeiine.  here iu Tuscarawas county, Avith the  big Methodist church and all and plenty  of laborin people,electricity is the thing  to use.  We might have two or three killins  in this countv. Fust we could give a  feast to all tlie rollin mill men and rail  Avorkers ; then to all the coal miners ;  then to all the carpenters and stonemasons and dav laborers and sich, and  by ...not lettin'any Y escape, one kind  wouldent git onto Avhat Avas bein done  until Ave had them inclosed and the current turned on.  I'vebeen a talkin ^ Jobe about it,  and he savs that jist  whatever the Re-  niblican -"partv says he'll agree to, but  le declares he'dont Avant to go to toAvn  on the dav of the killin.  I dont k'hoAv why he doesent want to  go. It may be 'he is afraid he Avill git  inside, or it maybe he doesnt Avant to  Wholesale  dealers in  Butter,, Eg* g*s,  Cheese,  Poultry and  Cured'Meats.  The liii'gt.'st liandliTS of lliosi:  H-ooi'ls in Western (.Yunuhi. All  Wiii-oliousi'S under perl'i'i-l system  ��� of cold storage. Full stuck carried  at Nelson, B. C. For prices write  or wire.  V. ,J.  IMJSSKLL:  Manag-erorXelsoii  llranch Par  son's Produce (''oinpany.  Newly opened in New Denver, is one  of comfort, luxury and ease. The  rooms are elegantly furnished, the  building hard-finished, tlie dining-  room warm, light and tastefully decorated, and the tables laden with all  the viands fit to eat. it isn't neces-  to talk about Henry Stege's bar. It  is too well known,  HENRY STEGE, Prop'r  MERICAN  Mining & Milling Co.  ���^^m  Saxdon. B. C, Oct 21,  To all whom it inav Concern:  I8i  Rand .& Wallbridge,  JMiiuug and Stock Brokers,  Sole Agents for Sale of Treasury Stock.;  [W. I. Hood's "Betsy G-askins.'Dimicrat.'! j .  -       ,  On the fust page of last   Tuesday's j PeW, whqse^  I look upon the faees of those dead poor  ��� ,   ��� j people, Avhose toil has created all the  page ot last   i uesuay s j ^Jfc^ fche rich  people own who now  Plain Dealer there is a article that has ; wants them killed,  caused  me  to have a great   deal of!    Noav, Mistur Editure, if you will talk  i this scheme up among the rich people  ,-,    ,   .     ,,*���,    av    r ,���   i of the nation, and especially of Ohio, I  Captain   1-ied. W.   *-��^ ~. think  vou can g'it thorn to see that it  rence  of  Conipany B   of the standin j WOuld he much cheaper than their pay-  Arrav of Ohio, a writin to the coal oper- j ing each vear to keep a standin army,  ators. and railroad officers, and monop- j and it would he more kind to the la-  ....        ,.     , a   ��� L I,.       borin people than to shoot them through  ohsts,aiid bankers,and rich speculators | fche h^ whm they are hungry, or  thought.  It is about  This is to certify  that as I am i  removing from Toavh, G. AV. GRIMMETT, Watchmaker and Jeweler, oi'  Sandon. has purchased my business, j  I beg to thank  my  numerous!  customers for their patronage in the ;  i  past and I hereby respectfully re i  quest that they will give their pat- ���  ronage in the future to MR. j  GRIMMETT.  Slocan City  of Cleveland, askin them to give some  thin tOAvard supportin said army.  He says he wants to git "good men  in the militia���men who can lie depended on to do their dutv in case of laboi  trouble."  Noav, Fred dont want any common  scrubs in his conipany. He needs money  to hire the kind of men he wants���"men  Avho will do their duty in case of labor  trouble."  Now what is the ''duty*' of sich men?  What does Fred want them to do to  the "laborin people!*"'  Haint it the "duty" of ��*ood men be-  longin to a army, like Frea,to shoot?  Judge Hutchi'ns ;ind Judge Blandin  and some of the other polerticians say  Fred hadent ort to a writ that letter, or,  if he wanted  to  write it,  he hadn't ort  to make them cry with pain by cripplin  them all up with big, heavy Avinchester  bullets.  Besides,  think   of  the   moanin   and  grief and heartaches and tears it would  1 save the Avives and children if they are  killed at the samr-. time their husbands  and fathers are.  Shootin down men folks allers makes  some one cry, and I hate to hear it even  if it is poor women and little poor children.  And shootin seems to be sich a sIoav  Avav of gittiri rid of them.  \Vhv, down in New York they use  electricity to kill murderers with. They  wouldent think of standin off and shootin even murderers cIoavh there. They  use electricity because it is quicker and  surer death, and  more refined, and I  W.  HALLER,  Watchmaker and. JeAvelcr.  to a Avrit it in that Avay, because now it i know that the people of Ohio who labor  ! is out what the militia is for.  ���     The militia   is  to  shoot  laborin men  with.  They are afraid some of the laborin  people   will  begin  to   ask  themselves  come.   Evervbodv invited.  Avhat they are votin the strait ticket for.  Fred savs  he  jist copied  that   letter  On the steamer Nakusp the other day \ from the ones his predecessors in office  ��� was a green  waiter.    He set a plate of    ._ .   porridge in front of Sport, but that well- I  known officer refused the morning  dish. "But you have got to eat it,*'  said the waiter, "it is the Captain's  orders."' Sport got away with the  mush thinking, no doubt, that the C.  P. R. might haATe issued new diet instructions.  Jack Ayhvin retured on Monday froni  a trip up Ten Mile and reports Aylwin  as the most active camp in tlie district.  The Enterprise has 12 men on the payroll. Eight men are employed in the  sawmill. A number of small'properties  in the immediate vicinity are Avorking  Avith lighter forces. The Briiidh-  Group, located on the toAvnsitc. has a  oO-foot tunnel in with promising indications.  for a livin hain't any worse or deservin  of more cruel treatment than murderers  are in NeAV York.  Hopin the rich will be merciful to  the poor as long as they let them live  on their land and in their country, I  am yours for electricity and agin the  militia.  J. A. MeKinnon & Co  ocan  Have the finest stock of Chr  mas and Fancy G-oods in the  Slocan. Intending purchasers  will find it to their financial and  artistic benefit to inspect this  stock before buying all their  Holiday Goods.  Goods called  for & Delivered  AUNDRY  NEW DENVER, B.C.  encra  Silverton, B. C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has '  been opened at Sandon under the j  medical superintendence of DR, j  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on pre- j  sentation of their orders or tickets at j  the Sandon office will receive medical j  or surgical treatment and the neces- i  sary medicines free of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted |  to the Hospital for treatment. ;  Miners in regular employ, sub- j  scribing through their payroll, can j  secure all the privileges of theabove. j  For further information applv to��� i  J. E. Brouse, M.D.',  New Denver, B.C.  F. W. GROVES,  We are now in a  position to give  thoroughly satisfactory service  and solicit vour  ������  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery.  Work Done on Short Notice.  C. M. NESBITT, Prop.  /''*.* Rates  furnished  Hotels,   Steamboat Companies, etc, on application.  El Dorada Ave.  Silverton  Drug  Store  108 Bishopsg-ate St.  [within]  CrCVIX and  Provinc  -AriNlN<.  ill   I-HlKl  ENGINEER,  Surveyor.  Underground  Surveys. Surface aim  Aerial TrauiAvays. Mineral claims surveyed and reported upon.      Kaslo, B.C  (Oil  Oreat   preparations   are   under w;i>  for the "Masquerade  Ball   on Christina*  Ship o*oods to any part of the  hiro-est  in   the  District.        Their store is the  Slocan country.  THESILVERTON MINER'S UNION  *- No. 71.  "W.   "P.    *M.  .Alw'ts every Snnirdny nijjrht.  ("*.    MeN'lC HOLLS.    ['rcsidiiiu  CHAS.   ISKA.VI), Secretary.  The  Britlslisil,L0ND0NYENG-  Columbia  Review  Drugs  and  Stationery,  Toilet  Articles,  Sundries,  Trail  Blazer Cigars.  R.O Matheson,  Proprietor,  Silverton,  I Tn  ,."><> iiitraiinuni  Brokers, .Aliiiinir  Kii^iiK'cr**. owners o!  Milling elaiins.  M.in-  111^  KiijriiXitTS.   .-A.-*.-*;i.vers.  ��� Iiiiinialists aiiii ntliers:���  Ail verti  only  Kiirojx  in  !���!'  lie  >ri"si.'iitativi'  K.   C. -IleviiMV,    Tlu*  I?.    C.   Journal     ii*  A Good Investment  Do you want Ink?  Do you -want Type ?  Do you want, Stereo Plates ?  Do you want to trade Presses ?  Do you AA'ant to trade Paper Cutters ?  Do vou want Anything in the way  of Printing* Material.  t:orwSh0,ttToronto Type  Foundry Co.,Ltd.  J. C.CROWE, Agfent,  COO Cordova Street,  JZ,U       VANCOUVER, B.C.

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