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The Ledge Aug 5, 1897

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Array ^^^  .)Llf  '��. una?' r j- ���a'.x&iczzi.v ���&x^ ~^j ������.���.c-(.^lii,!^*fir^'^.^l-i,r^ir y.-^:-j ���=���: '-��� j��  Volume IV. No. 45.  NEW DENVER, B. C, AUGUST 5, 1897.  Price, $2 00 a Year.  THECITYOFGOLD  Where Money is Scarce. and  Times are Dull  ROSSLAND SHERIFFS BUSY  Senator Turner's Political Scheme  in Locating the Le Roi Smelter  at Northpotf.  [Special Correspondence! '  Rossland, July 30.���The one topic of  interest here is the location of the  MjC iRoi smelter. Northport is to he-  built up on Rossland ores. The Canadians here are almost unanimous in tke  hope that the Government will put on  the threatened export duty on ore,  while most of the Americans have an  idea that Canada will not retaliate,'���for  her own sake." What those, last four  words mean I leave you to guess. It  may mean that the threat of the Le Roi  Go. mav be carried into effect and our  big mine shut down. It may mean that  American capital arid American energy  to say nothing of American g-all, may  be wftluh-awnfroin this country and be  concentrated'-on the mining districts  just across the boundary line. I, for  one, however, do not think that any of  these disasters would result if the duty  were imposed. I think the Le Roi  people would pay the duty and continue.to take their ore to their Northport  smelter a rid also continue to work '"'their  smelter  mine.  .. The whole-thing, in my opinion, is a  political manoeuver. I happened  across a bit of news last night which  lets in a iiood of daylight on the whole  matter. It was a' letter from Seattle  which stated that the Post-Intelligencer  oi that city had been bonded to P   "which means that Senator Turner and  his party will have control." The  monev to be put up amounts to about  $135,000, made up as follows: The con-  troHing interest $00,000, debts about  $(50,000, and minority stock 815,000.  The forfeit money, S1O00, had already  been pa id over.  Senator Turner is the leading spirit  in the Le Roi Co. He has no. doubt,  several political adherents among the  governing body, and would be able to  carry out "his aims with their help. His  aim is to control votes, so- that his reelection may be ��� made a sure thing.  If the smelter were located anywhere  in Canada there would no doubt be  many Canadians amongst the men em-  ploped, but, at Northport this could  hardly be the case, and there, is little  fear but what Canadians would be excluded. Say the smelter gives employment to 50*6 men, that will mean 500  votes for the friends of Mr. Turner in  the legislature.  Senator Turner was in Ottawa recently, and while there interviewed  several members of the party in power,  to solicit their support against the imposition of an export duty on ore. He  promised to use his influence at Washington to get the proposed duty on  Canadian white pine reduced from $2 to  $1, but his "influence" did not count  for much,as the duty under the Dingley  bill now stands at $2. Senator Turner  and the Le Roi Co. must have made up  their minds to locate the smelter at  Northport before he went to Ottawa.  Otherwise what need would there have  been for his solicitations to the Liberal  members to defeat the measure if  brought in?  I don't think business has ever been  so dull is Rossland as it is now. While  there are no premises on the main street  actiudly closed, there are several advertising ' "closing out" sales, and  all kinds of goods are to be obtained at  very greatly reduced prices. It is very  difficult to "collect monev whether  in  some of them,, have more than doubled  their output. Mines are being added to  the shipping list every week, and the  older properties are shipping richer ore  and more of it. It cannot, then, be that  the camp is deteriorating. Rossland today is on a surer foundation than ever,  before in its history.  Two matrimonial events have taken  the town by surprise this week. On  Monday Mrs. M. E. Allan, of the Hotel  Allan, Rossland, and formerly of Nakusp, was wedded to Mr. G. M. King, of  Minneapolis, formerly of the Merchants'  Bank of Canada, Emerson, Man. The  marriage service was performed by the  Rev. J. H. Best at the Baptist Church,  and after congratulations f��om innumerable friends, tlje happy couple departed  on their honeymoon for Nelson and Slocan* A\ the Homer-street Methodist  church, Vancouver, last Saturday, Mr.  William Wadds, Rosshind's postmaster,  was united to Miss A. E! Morris, and  returned h#re with his brkle on Wednesday. It was something of a surprise to  his many friends here, its it w,as not generally known that he was at all a��matrij  momally inclined youflg man. He has  earned the esteem and good wishes of  most Rossland people^ and through Tub  Ledge I would tender him the hearty  congratulations .of the old-timers who  roughed it with him in shacks in '1)5,  The huge rock bluff on the west end of  Columbia Ave. is being removed, but the  work is slow. The soil which covered  the rock to a depth of from six-to twelve  feet has been, hydrauliced away, and  now the machine drill is being put in  operation. With this, obstruction removed Columbia Ave. will be the finest  thoroughfare in British. Columbia, but  the job will be such an expensive one  that I doubt' very much whether the  City Council or the property owners, or  both, will furnish funds enough to complete it, at least not this year.  assay from the tunnel went close on $40  in gold.  On the Cliff a vast body of line ore has  been opened up on the west end of the  property. At present the ledge is 30  feet wide, and it is likely .that a shaft  will be sunk on it to connect with the  main tunnel. Col. Wharton, chief owner, has just returned from a long visit to  the south..  The Zio Betista, on,,Record Mountain,  is a promising property, some fine native  copper having been found in a tunnel  now in about 120 feet. A sample of the  ore recently assayed went $14.50 in gold  and 26 oz. silver. No stock has yet been  issued to the public, but it is expected  that treasury stock will soon be put on  the market.  A. Klockmann, the energetic proprietor  of the International Hotel and Music  ���Hall,"'oh Spokane street, has sold out his  half of the business to his partner, Mayor  Manly, of Grand Forks. Mr. Klockmann  THE BOY'S A MAN  Although Hardly Treated in  Its Infancy.  AMERICAN   BOY SHIPPING  go��s to Priest Lake, Idaho,  to open up  The new fire brigade outfit is expected  to arrive from the factory in Toronto  next week. The apparatus, I believe,  includes: a two-horse chemical engine,  and a span of fine thoroughbreds is to be  purchased and put in training at once.  Chief Squires of the volunteer brigade  has been confirmed in that position, and  will have command in the paid brigade  to be organised by the council.  The contract of the new sewerage  system of Rossland has been let to W.  B. Davey, who will start work next week  with a small force of men. On the arrival of the pipe, which has been ordered  to be sent C.O.D. immediately, about 100  men will be employed. Mr. Davey is  from "the other side," of course.  All the outfit for the Rossland police  force arrived last week. It consists of  uniforms, belts, handcuffs, leg irons,  staffs, revolvers, etc., and was bought in  New York. No Canadian firm in Toronto or Montreal could supply any of those  trinkets good enough for Rossland.  Mayor Scott, who goes east today on a  lengthy visit, during which he will visit  his old home at Gait, Out., has been empowered to negotiate the sale of Ross-  land's debentures in Toronto. Our  worthy Mayor is a man of note, as he  has been elected second vice-president  of the British-American Prospecting &  Development Co., lately organised in  Toronto to develope in the new Alaska  Gold fields.  Typhoid fever is somewhat prevalent  in town, no doubt owing to the lengthy  spell of hot weather. Hardly half the  population use the city water, and a  great deal of that used in the outlying  portions is unfit for drinking purposes,  and should be boiled, so the doctors say.  The city analyst declares that tlie milk  supplied by Rossland dairymen is very  poor, and totally unfit for feeding babies  on. Several infants having died recently  and a medical man here ascribes their  death to the milk, he having ascertained  that they were all bottle-fed. The milkmen are kicking, but public opinion will  uphold the doctor.  the Continental mine, a galena proposition, which has ore carrying about $60  in all 'values. Mr. Dickman, some  mouths a partner in the firm of Harms  ^Dickman, of Seattle, has leased the  International, and is refitting'it throughout.  The Nest Egg is in trouble again. This  time it is a monetary question. The  machinery installed in the fine shaft-  house has not yet been paid for, and a  man in the employ of the Rand Drill Co.  is on the ground ready to remove it at  short notice.  The Monita, adjoining the War Eagle,  is coining into shipping ore. The shaft  is now down 125 feet, and in the bottom  there is four feet of ore, half of this being  clean and averaging about $16 per ton.  A syndicate has been formed to operate the stock exchane recently opened  on Columbia Ave. by E. Azulay, who  will act as secretary. The subscribed  capital is to be $2,000 in $5 shares.    ���  The financial condition of the Elise is  being discussed herej and- rumors, are  current that the property is to be taken  over by Winnipeg.parties, who will pay  the arrears of wages and other debts. A  70-lb. chunk of ore taken from the bottom of the shaft recently is said to have  assayed exceptionally high in gold, but  the actual figures cannot be obtained.  There is no doubt that it is a first-class  property, and the shut down is not caused by any fault in the mine itself.  PASSED   WITH   HONORS.  How Manager  Callahan Struck  "Horse" That Turned Out to be  High Grade Galena.  One of Now Denver's Young  ItFen Wins  a First-Class Certificate.  E. Strickland, who is with Bourne  Bros., has returned from Kamloops,  where he spent two weeks passing an  examination for school teacher. These  examinations are annual, and. are held  at Kamloops, Victoria and Vancouver.  The whole number who went up to, them  this year was nearly three hundred, and as in competition with these  Mr. Strickland obtained the third highest  percentage in the whole province New  Denver may well be proud of him.  There were four, first-class certificates  awarded at Kamloops, one of which was  carried off by Mr. Strickland.  Next month, the building of the Government school at New Denver will be  begun, and when it is completed the  authorities will not have far to reach to  find a competent and duly qualified  master for it, , a man who lias already  won the high regard of the  community.  ANOTHER   LARGE   STORK.  Mr. Bragdon Moves his Large Hardware  Business  from Trail.  large or small sums.  The average citizen who no further  back j than last spring had money to  burn, is now carefully nursing his  nickels. The deputy sheriff is a busy  man; he has had three different sales on  three consecutive days this week, for  rent and grocery bills, and several more  sheriff's sales are pending.  But the present depression must not  be taken as the final and permanent condition of our city. Rossland will be a  great and busy centre of industry at no  distant date. It only means that the  inrush of population was more than could  be assimilated, that the town was overbuilt, and that men of small capital and  men of no capital made the mistake of  embarking in lines of business with  which they were totally unacquainted,  and for which many were totally unfitted. Of these people some have gone to  the wall and others have pulled up stakes  and left in disgust.  Our mines are still  here;  they  have  not quit business; but, on the contrary,  Assessor Cooper is assessing the property in this city at its full value, and a  big kick is coming from the property  holders at such an unheard of proceeding. It is never usual to assess property  at its full value by either Dominion, Provincial or city officials, and it is to be  hoped the property owners will combine  to resist this arbitrary measure.  The daily Record publishes one of my  paragraphs under the heading: "The  New Denver Lisdgk Correspondent not a  Calamity Howler." Right you ai-e, Record ! Tub Ledge correspondent only  writes the truth, and not too much of  that when it hurts.  Two high officials of the Dominion Express Co. have been here this week���  Manager Stout, of Toronto, and Supt.  Ford, of Winnipeg. The company will  open an office at Thomson's Landing, on  the Northeast Arm, for the Lardeau  mining country.  According to a newspaper report here,  Mr. Heinze said the C P. R. had not  offered to buy the Columbia & Western,  but that the Trail smelter was for sale.  Tlie Delaware, just above the Jumbo,  belonging to Chester and David Glass, is  being developed with good results. A  ledge over 90 feet wide has been opened Engineer Perry reports that the  up, and the showing is most satisfactory. Springer creek wagon road will cost  It runs the whole length of the claim, i $1200 per mile, which i*or seven and a  and a shaft is being sunk on it.   A recent I half miles will be $iK)00.  One of the largest hardware establish-  mente in Kooteney will.be open in New  Denver in a week or two. II. T. Bragdon, who came with the smelter people  to Trail  two  years ago,  is  bringing his  whole business here, Six car loads have  already arrived, but the 50-foot warehouse at the back of the large store is  not yet completed for their reception.  Mr. Bragdon lias been hunting for a  better location for some time. His mining interests on Pour Mile led him to  make several trips to this neighborhood,  and he decided that Xew Denver was tlie  place above all others for a business of  the dimensions that he purposes carrying on. He will start in with a stock of  from $15,000 to $18,000, which will comprise stoves, mining machinery, all kinds  of tools, all kinds of household utensils,  and general hardware of every description. The store is on Sixth Street and  Eldorado Avenue.   SANBOX'S    Ollltih'   OF    POLICE.  The American Boy has passed the  stage of a prospect and now ranks as a  mine. Las week it shipped 58 tons of  concentrates to the Noble Five Mill, and  today it ships 17 tons of clean steel galena to the smelter. The concentrates  went three to one and ran 101 ounces  silver and 60 per cent. lead. The clean  ore runs fi-om llL ounces to 130 ounces  silver and 76 per cent. lead.  Not that the above :are the first shipments from the property. Last year  there was about a car load shipped, and  then skipping to 1894 there was in that  year nearly $5000 received from shipments. But today marks the beginning  of the property as a regular shipper,  there being another carload in sight and  lots more beyond that. There is about  15 tons of concentrates ready to go out,  but none will be sent to the mill until  there are 30 to 40 tons ahead.  How this happy state of things was  arrived at is an illustration of the mere  luck there is in mining development,  even whenit is being'- conducted under  the watchful eye of a manager as experienced and thoroughly capable as II.  Callahan. Callahan is the vice-president  of the company, and was working on the  Noble Five last year. He spent the  winter with his family at Spokane and  on May 16 came to the American Boy as  general manager.  He started his men to continue the  No. 2 tunnel, in the history of which is  to be found the exemplification of the  luck before referred to. This tunnel  broke at the grass roots with good ore,  and run as wide as two feet in some  places before a length of 50 feet was  reached. There a break was encountered, but after a time ore. was again met  .with for about 50 feet, when another  break, or horse, was struck. Mr. Callahan drove alongside that horse for 125  feet, when the foot wall made a turn and  a chute of ore was struck of the finest  grain of steel galena, Fi-om there on for  another 50 feet there is ore all the way  and in the face.  But at the point where  the chute was  discovered Mr. Callahan started to stope,  and in getting to the hanging wall, working back  toward   the entrance,   found  rich ore on it.   He   had not supposed  there was any ore on  the hanging wall.  In fact he had  passed all  this ore on it  for 125 feet, believing it to be the horse.  This ore body is from eight to eighteen  inches wide and is of very fine grain.  The formation, with  the gouge between  the walls, is similar to the Payne, but the  ore is much finer in grain.    Last Wednesday,  however,  a little  cube galena  was struck in the stope where the bod}'  of ore on the hanging wall was discovered.  There are are three tunnels on the property that are  run  on the Last Chance  ledge, and one, No. 4, which is a crosscut  to intercept the ledge.   The Noble Five  ledge  also runs through  the property,  and there is another ledge between those  two,  but Mr.  Callahan. says:    "We do  not see any need of further prospecting  when we are getting ore and shipping it."  Fifteen men are employed at present,  all working in two of the tunnels,  tlie  No. 2 tunnel, already described, and tiie  No. 4.    There are three  stopes  in No. 2  tunnel,   and  Mr.   Callahan   has a   very  simple   and  ingenious   water   blast air  pipe  running   into   the   workings,   the  The American- Boy was located in 1892  by Tom McGuigan, who did his first assessment work that year. .After this Callahan, J. J. McGuigan, P. Burns and  others came in as part owners, and later  a company was incorporated under the  laws of the state of Washington.  No property in the camp looks more  promising than the American Boy at the  present. In the stope in No. 2 tunnel  the ore is 18 inches wide at the bottom,  and runs from 10 inches to three feet of  solid shipping ore. Then the property  has such a vast territory to work over.  It has 3200 feet of ledge and can get to a  depth from the surface in the American  Boy of 2000 feet.  Mr. Callahan is feeling good about it.  There is an aerial tramway and other  projects in the air, and he is "sighing  like a furnace " for a customs smelter to  be built at Sandon. His wife and family  come next week to camp on the mountain until the novelty wears off and then  to go to Cody, where Mr. Callahan will  build a substantial residence.���Sandon  Paystreak.  A LEDGE SPECIAL  Giving the Very Latest News  From Klondike.  SCARCITY OF ICE CREAM.  LOCATED    AT    ROSEBERY.  Mouths Watering: for a Cut ot Horse  Beef-The Slocan and Klondike Compared.  New Denver   to   Have   Sampling   Works  Within Four Miles of her.  By December First New Denver will  have a large sampling works next door  to her, and the advantages that will be  thus gained by her and all the other  towns on the lake must be very large.  The convenience to the miners will be  one of the greatest benefits that will  follow the installation of this important  plant. The Slocan has the fame of being "a. poor man's country," and the  sampling works will emphasize that  truism.  Paying ore may be found in'the grass  roots, but under existing circumstances  a man must have money to mine a sufficient'quantity for a 'shipment'' to ;a  smelter,, and then he may have to wait  a long time for the smelter returns and  the money for the results of his labor.  The sampling works at Rosebery will  accept, a ton from him, sample it under  Ills personal inspection, so to speak,and  pay him for.it at once.  The works are to be put up by the  Denver (Col.) Smelting Co. Geo. W.  Pierce, the representative of tlie company came out here with the idea of  establishing them at Nakusp, but after  looking over the country lie decided  that, Rosebery was the better point, for  theibusiness. Two or three talks with  A. M. Beattie, the general agent of the  townsite of Rosebery. fixed him in this  opinion..]  On Monday Mr. Beattie. drew up the  necessary papers by which is conveyed  to the 'sampling works company a site  contafning eight acres of land, and the  company entered into an contract to  put in a plant of a capacity of 100 tons  a day and to have it in running order  by December 1st.  Tho whole'population of Rosebery is  naturally very much elated over this  advantageous deal, and the establishment, of this new industry will give a  great impetus to the Slocan lake' mines  and thus largely benefit everybody.  SILVKRTON'S    NKAV    CHURCH.  A  First-Class Site Donated and   Most  the Money Subscribed.  of  A petition was sent from Sandon to  the Provincial Government asking an  enquiry into the conduct of thief of  Police" Hamilton. VV. .1. Goepel was  sent there on Monday, aiid suspended  Hamilton for a week', pending the result  of the investigation. Fred Mountain  is acting temporarily in Hamilton's  place.  water from the mine being utilized for the i  purpose.   Opposite  this  tunnel,   across!  the gulch, there is a tunnel on the Black j  Hawk  claim,   in  about 50  feet on  the J  lead.    On the other claim  belonging to  the company  no work has been  done,  but assessment work  will  be done this  fall.  Connecting No. 2 with No. 3 tunnel  thei-e is a winze of OS feet, and a tunnel  of about that length  out of which   mixed ore has been taken.    These workings  are full of water just now.  The No. 4 is a large new tunnel, 4)��xl7  feet, which is intended for a main tunnel  for all the workings on the American Boy  claim. This is on the Frank fraction,  lower down and out of the gulch. In  the other tunnels work is impossible  after January 1st, when the snow starts  to slide, but they will be all connected  with this tunnel and work, can then be  continued all the year round. At its  entrance will be a large ore house and  blacksmith shop, all sheded over to protect it from the snows. This is a crosscut and is in 50 feet. Mr. Callahan is  di'iving it with a double shift, making  about a foot a day, and expects to strike  the ledge in from 100 to 150 feet, which  will give a depth from the surface of 100  feet.  Plans have been prepared for a  very  pretty church, and its erection  will  be  begun in a few days.   H. B. Alexander  of the Ruth   mines,   on   behalf of the  owners of the townsite has given a valuable site for it. right in the centre of  the town, Fourth street and Alpha  avenue.  The building will be 20. feet by H(>  feet, with a platform the whole length  of a width or eight feet. There will' be  aporch of pretty design, and the windows will have, Gothic piercings. There  will be fixed pews, with an aisle down  the centre, and the seating capacity of  the edifice will be about one hundred.  The building is to cost S500, and of  this about four-fifths has already been  subscribed.  Meanwhile services are being held in  the new townsite offices, Mr. Suckling  acting as organist.  Dawson- City, June 25.  There is a shortage of ice cream in  this city.  V. W. Hay ward, formerly a police  officer in Vancouver, is here looking for  gold ground.  A hair cut costs $1 which is very  cheap considering that the Slocan rate  is 50 cents. This is a cut price evidently. -���'-.''  Lumber is worth $450 a thousand and  scarce at that price.  Whiskey is plentiful and costs four  bits a drink, although bartenders can  knock down considerable as everything  is paid in dust. When a man gets a  jolt boozerino he hands his sack to the  dude behind the bar who weighs out  tlie.amount of dust necessary" to pay  for the jag* element. ��� "   ��� .  The city is full of tents, and. real estate is going up daily. -.._.,-.���  A report circulates around the camp  every few days about a new strike  ���within 200 miles of Dawson. A stampede is immediately started but in the  majority of cases tlie boys soon find out  that there are some fairy tales afloat'in  the land. i  Nearly everything that' glitters  around here is gold or tin pans.  'Wages are S15 a day, with a  bility of dropping to ten dollars  winter.  Only rich or   tough  people  come here.    The poor and weak have  less chance to succeed than the Toronto  sucker had in Rossland last summer.  Smith is in town and has stood the  inward journey well.  Several quart/, ledges have been discovered but no notice will be taken of  them until tha feverish excitement now  ram riant has become cool and more  subdued.  The people are getting tired of bacon  and the news that a lot of packed horse  meat is on the way from Oregon is  hailed with joy and' watering mouths.  It reminds one of the olden times when  Richard was around some place in  Europe hollering that he would trade  his kingdom for a horse. Many of the  boys here would trade more than a  kingdom for a nice piece-of horse meat  or one of those juicy beef steaks so indigenous to the Slocan restaurant.  Newspapers arc scarce here, and a  copy of the Lkijue is easily worth twice  its weight.in gold.  Mosquito nets are plentiful but there  is a scarcity of petticoats in the camp.  This is a gambler's paradise,although  the iron hand of British law crushes out  the gun play artist and gives little  show to display his skill.  GOVEKXMKXT   SCHOOL.  proba-  iiv the  should  BELOAV    THK    GLACIER.  Twenty  Claims Staked   Across the  ,  From New  Denver.  Lake  Just below the big glacier, on the opposite of the lake from New Denver  more than 20 claims have been staked  this summer, some of them on a lead  that runs under the eternal ice and snow  of the glacier. The formation is granite  and the ore found resembles that of  Trail district. There is plenty of iron  and assays show gold, silver and copper.  The lead on the Jubilee is 20 feet wide  and has a crosscut seven feet deep on it.  The owners have secured an assay of $18  in gold, and will work steadily for several months. In conjunction with a few  others they will make a trail to tlie lake,  a distance of seven miles, and think the  government should assist them in the  Avork.  A Convenient Site Chosen and Purchased,  by the Trustees.  The site for the new school house has  been selected, and Messrs. Thompson  and Mclnnis. trustees of the school district, .have given a note for $100, the  purchase money. A subscription list to  raise this amount will shortly be circulated. The deeds have been'forwarded  to the Superintendent of Education, and  immediately upon their reaching him  and being found satisfactory, a government appi-opriation of $1000 will be  available for the work. In the course of  a week or two, therefore, the contracts  will be let and the building begun.  The site selected are lots 13 and 14,  block 45, on the west side of Kootenay  street and between Seventh and Eighth  streets. No more convenient location  | could have been chosen. The two lots  j have a frontage of 50 feet, and a depth of  260 feet, with a lane 15 feet wide on the  three sides and Kootenay street on the  front.  ! PILOT    BAY    SHELTER.  Braden Bros, have leased the smelter  at Pilot Bay from the Bank of Montreal.  The Omaha & Grant Smelting Company  has nothing to do with the" deal any  further than backing 'Braden Bros, in a  financial manner.  COUNTY    COURT    DAV.  County Court was held in New Denver  last Thursday with Judge Forin presiding. Only four minor cases, none of  them relating to mining, were disposed  of. The next Court will be held in New  Denver next November. The Judge will  hold court at Fort Steele next week. 2  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUGUST 5, 1897.  Fourth Year. \  Hardships of Travel to the Mines of  Fabulous Wealth.  ROCKS,MOUNTAINS AND  ICE BAR THE WAY  Hauling: Sleds Throug-h Slush���Rivers That Make the Stoutest  Rivermen Quail���Dangers of  Starvation ��� The Thousand  Perils that Lie Along* the Path  to the New Gold Fields.  The miner of Alaska looks to the  Yukon country for a re-production of  the scenes of the Cassiar and Cariboo  districts. That along that river and its  numerous tributaries there ire millions  of dollars hidden in the sands or locked  within the mountains' rockbound walls,  there can be no doubt. For several years  the more adventuresome of our placer  miners have been going to that mecca of  the north���Forty-Mile creek. Many of  them have returned after one or two  seasons' sojourn none the richer, save in  experience; others have struck it rich  and made for themselves snug little fortunes ; and a thousand others are wintering there now, hoping that next summer  may bring : them good luck, for which  they have so long waited.  Day after day, and season after season,  the miners toil cheerfully at the bars and  old water courses of the creeks and rivers  which form part of the Yukon system,  and every year sees their numbers increased, and every fall a larger quantity  of gold finds its way- to the mints, and  every spring the Alaskan steamers bring  several hundreds to join the fortune  hunters of the interior, Forty-Mile being  the objective point of all going to  THE  YUKON GOLD  FIELDS.  Juneau is the outfitting point, the head  of regular steamboat navigation during  the winter and spring months.   Here all  persons leave the steamers which have  brought them from Sound ports or Victoria.   The town is well supplied with  hotels and restaurants, where good board  can be had for a dollar a day, lodgings  extra.   Here the outfits are purchased  for  the journey   in, and they must be  selected and put up with care,  for more  than seven hundred miles stretch their  weary length between Juneau and Forty-  Mile. The market here offers everything  necessary of good quality and reasonable  prices.   The merchants understand the  trade, and will select and put up an outfit, large or small.   And  without a man  knows what he wants the best thing he  can do is to name the price he can afford  to pay, and leave the selection to the  merchant.   The cost depends upon the  purse of the buyer, and while a few have  started in with as small as twenty-five  dollar outfits a hundred would be a far  safer  figure, and very  many greatly exceed this.    Among the  principal things  is a Yukon sleigh, which is made here  from a model which has proved to be the  best fitted for the work required.   Axe,  saw and nails for building a boat, warm  and serviceable clothing, including gum  boots, blankets and  must be made in the sorting of outfits  and getting them above the tide water.  Most miners camp near by in the edge  of the woods, perhaps taking one or two  meals at the trading post, which can be  had at the price of 50 cents each, others  find both board and lodging there until  they are ready to push on.  Now for the first time the  MINER  BEGINS  TO .REALIZE  that a proper outfit for a trip of this kind  is the result of experience, and the longer he has been in this country and the  more thoroughly he knows it, just so  much more care is used in the selection  and packing of his outfit. A careful and  thorough examination should be made  to see that nothing has been lost or forgotten. There is his Yukon sleigh, without which further progress would be  well nigh impossible, a skeleton affair,  made from the best hard wood, and shod  with ground steel runners. It is seven  feet three inches long and sixteen inches  wide���just the proper width to track behind snowshoes, and its cost from seven  to fourteen dollars. Steel is preferable  to iron for the shoe, as it slides more  .easily through the fine, dry snow one  finds in the early spring. No outfit is  complete without snowshoes, tent,  blankets, or fur robes, besides tools for  boat building, and plenty of provisions.  And now an ingenious little sheet-iron  stove has come to be an almost indispensable luxury. An ordinary outfit will  weigh about four hundred pounds to the  man, although some have been taken in  which would tip the scales at 1,500  weight. Such large outfits are no longer  necessary or advisable, as competition  between the trading companies at Forty  Mile has so reduced prices that it does  not pay to take in more than a generous  allowance for the journey, as it is easier  to buy the provisions for the season's  prospecting there. If anything is lacking, it is well to remember that this post  is the last store until the Y"ukon is  reached. Unless the weather is stormy  one night is all that is spent in camp  here, and in the morning the outfit is  moved ahead. Unless it" is very small  this has to be done in sections, and it is  NECISSSAKY TO  uIX)U]?LE-TIUG"  it, in miner's parlance; that is, make  two or more loads of the outfit, removing' ' a part ahead to some point, then  unloading it and returning' for the rest.  On leaving Healy & Wilson's with the  last sleigh load, one bids farewell to  hotels, restaurants, steamboats and  stores���in fact to civilization, and is a  "free man" to pursue his course how  and where he will; beyond all conventionalities of society," and practically  beyond all law so far as is the outgrowth  of organized governments.  Going up the Dyea river five miles  on the ice, will bring one to the mouth  of the canyoiL   Here in the woods a  PROVISIONS   KOR FIVE MONTHS  AT  LEAST.  The valley of the Yukon may be reached from Juneau by four different routes,  crossing the coast range of mountains  through as many passes, the Dyea or  Chilkoot pass, the Chilkat,  Moore's oi  the   White   pass,   and   Takou.   As the  Chilkoot is the only pass used to any extent,  it is  this   route   the   miner   will  select.   From Juneau to the summit of  the Chilkoot pass is a distance of 115  miles.    Small  steamers  ply irregularly  between here  and Dyea,  the head   of  navigation, a hundred miles north-west  of  Juneau.     During   the   early spring  these   boats usually sail a day or two  after the arrival   of the  mail  steamers  from   the   Sound.     The   trip   in   good  weather is made iu twelve hours if there  is no towing to be done and the regular  fare is $10, each passenger furnishing his  own   blankets   and   pi*ovisions.    If  the  party is a large one with considerable  baggage a scow is loaded with the miners'  outfits; if the tides are  high  the  boat sometimes goes over the bar at the  head of Douglas island thus saving nearly twenty miles of travel besides avoiding  the rough waters  of the Takou.    if the  tides are not high  the scow may be towed over the  bar by tlie  little tug Julia  and tlie steamboat  will  take its course  around the  lower  end  of  Douglas.    In  rounding the   point  of the   island  the  vessel is often subject to the fierce winds  which   sweep down  the  valley   of  the  Takou river.    If there is  a strong north  or north-west wind,  LIKE   A   DEMON   IT   COMES  roaring out from the Takou, lashing the  water into foam in its rage and tossing  volumes of sprays clear over the top of  Grand island. When the steamer has  come around to the head of the island it  takes the scow in tow and in about  twenty hours from the time of leaving it  enters the mouth of the Dyea river near  Chilkoot, and the salt water journey fs  ended.    '  Here on a sandpit, about a mile below  Healy & Wilson's trading  post, the outfits are taken from  the  scow  and  piled  upon the beach.    Each  man   must look  out for himself now���the guardianship  of your baggage  by any  carrrying company is ended.    Juneau is nearly a hundred miles behind you.    Immediately in  the    foreground    is    the    ranche   and  store owned by Healy <fe Wilson, and beyond in their  mantles of snow rise the  coast mountains cold and severe, striking  a feeling of dread   into   many a heart;  and   beyond   this  frozen   barrier there  stretches away hundreds  of miles of the  vast country of the   Yukon,   an expanse  .so wide that it is'limited only by the ex-  comfortable camp can be arranged.  The tent is pitched on top of the snow,  the poles and pins being- pushed down  into it. While some are busily engaged  in building a fire and making a bed,  the best cook of the party prepares the  supper. If you have no stove, a camp  fire must be' built, either ou an exposed  point of rock or in a hole dug down in  the snow; if you have a stove it can  be quickly arranged on a "gridiron"  inside the tent, the gridiron consisting  of three poles some six or eight feet  long, and laid in the snow on which tlie  stove is placed. The heat from the  stove will soon melt a hole underneath,  but there will be enough firm snow  under the ends to hold it up. For the  bed hemlock brush is cut and laid on  the snow to the depth of a foot or more,  and this is covered with a large square  of canvas, on which the blankets and  robes are put. When finished it forms  a natural spring bed, which will offer  grateful rest after  HAULING  A LOAD ALL DAV.  Dyea canyon is about two miles long,  and"perhaps about fifty feet wide. A  boat cannot g'o through it, but in the  early spring miners go through on the  ice, bridging' with poles the dangerous  E laces or openings. After the ice  reaks up it is necessary to go over the  trail on the east side'of the canyon.  The trail was built by Captain Healv  at his own expense, but is little used,  as most miners g'O through the canyon  before the ice breaks up. The camping place beyond the canyon is a strip  of "woods some three miles long known  as Pleasant camp. Its name is something of a misnomer, for there is not  even a log shanty there; some woods to  give a kind of shelter, and, as everywhere else along the route, plenty of  snow.  From here the ascent is gradual, and  the next and last camp in timber before  crossing the summit is known as Sheep  camp. This is at the edge of the timber, and no wood for a tire can begotten  any higher up. This camp is not  usually broken until all of the outfit has  been placed on the summit. When the  weather is favorable everything exeepf,  what is necessary for a camp is pushed  a mile and a half to Stone House, a  clump of big rocks, and then to what is  called the second bench. Care must be  exercised in soft weather, or everything  is liable to be swept from the bench  bv a  cut in the ice, and so steep is it that a  person with a pack on his back must  constantly bend forward to maintain  his equilibrium. The first load planted  on tlie summit of the pass, a shovel is  stuck in the snow to mark the spot,  then back for another pack, and fortunate is he who gets his whole outfit up  in a single day. Indians may be hired  to do the packing, and their rates vary  slightly, but the regular price has been  five dollars a hundredweight from the  second bench to the summit, or fifteen  cents a pound from Healy & Wilson's  to the lakes. These prices , have been  shaded a little the past season, and  some outfits were packed over to the  lakes  AT THIRTEEN ���CENTS PER  POUND.  The reason for this cut in price is that-  many miners insist on doing their own  paclcing, and that their work has been  seriously affected by a train way device  which was operated last season with  more or less success by one Peterson,  whose inventive genius led him to believe that a simple arrangement of ropes  and pulleys would greatly help in getting outfits up the steeper places. A  small log is buried in the sliow, and to  this dead man a pulley is attached  through which a long rope is passed, to  the lower end of which a loaded Yukon  sled is attached and the empty box on  the upper end of the rope is then filled  with snow until its weight becomes sufficient to take it down the incline, thus  dragging the other one up.- The snow  was found too light, but with three or  four men as ballast in place of snow it  worked well and saved a good deal of  hard packing. When the last load has  reached the summit and the miner  stands beside his outfit looking down  toward the ocean only twenty miles  away, he can feel that his journey has  fairly, begun, and as he turns he'sees  the descending slope melting into the  great valley of the Yukon.  The descent for the first half mite is  steep, then a gradual slope to Lake Lin-  derman,' some ten miles away. But  there is little time for resting, and none  for dreaming, as the edge of the timber  where camp must be made is seven  miles from the summit. Taking the  camp outfit and sufficient provisions for  four or five days, the sled is loaded, the  rest of the outfit is packed up or buried  in the snow, shovels being stuck up to  mark the spot. This precaution is necessary, for storms come suddenly, and  rage with fury along these mountain  crests. The first, half mile or more is  made in quick time, then over six or  seven feetof snow the prospector drags  his sleigh to where there is wood for  his cainpfire. At times this is no easy  task especially if the weather be stormy  for the wind's blow the fallen snow  about so as to completely cover the  track made by the man but little ahead,  at other times during fine weather and  with a hard crust on the snow it is only  a pleasant run from the pass down to  the first camp.  IN THE  YUKON  I5ASIN.  ; jjln all except the most sheltered situations the tent is nesessary for comfort,  and the stove gives better satisfaction  than the camp fire, as it burns but little  wood, is easier to cook over, and does  not poison the eyes with smoke.    It is  a noticeable fact that there are fewer  cases of snow blindness among' those  who use stoves than among" those  who  crowd around a camp fire for cooking  or for warmth.   Comfort in making a  trip of this kind will depend to a great  extent upon the conveniences of camping, suitable clothing, and light,  warm  bedding.   Yes,upon the provisions,too,  though of times more .depends upon the  cook than what is in the larder.      The  necssary articles of food are flour,bacon  beans,   sugar and tea.    Ham,  canned  meats, rice, milk,  butter,  dried fruits  and coffee are usually taken also, although some old-timers look upon them  as luxuries only.  After the rest of the outfit has been  brought from the summit the next move  is to   Lake   Linderman,   about three  miles   distant.     The  route   now   lies  seven miles across the lake to its outlet,  dowii the outlet three or four miles in a  north-easterly direction to Lake Bennett, down   to   the foot of this lake,  twenty-five miles,  then down the river  four or five miles  the Takou lake is  reached.  This lake is some twenty miles  long and empties into Mud lake through  an outlet three miles long; Mud lake  is about ten miles in leugth, and at the  foot of it open water is usually found in  April.    Open water will probably   be  passed before reaching this point in the  rivers connecting the lakes, but firm ice  at the sides affords good sledding, but  at the foot of Mud lake a raft or boat  must   be   built.     Dry  timber can be  found along* the shores with which to  build a raft, which will take everything  to the Lewis river canyon,  about, forty  miles   to   the northwest.    The course  down the lakes has been much  in the  form of a. horseshoe and now bears to  the west instead of the east.  Before reaching the canyon, a high  cut bank on the right hand side will  give warning that it is close at hand.  Good river men  night. This lake is about 45 miles  long, and there is an island about midway. Little snow will be found here  late in April, but it will be all glare ice.  After camping on the island a day's  journey will make the foot of the lake,  and the sledding is completed. If one  expects to stay in the country the sled  should not be thrown away, however,  as it will prove useful later on. A comfortable camp should be made here,and  the building of a boat commenced.  This.will require from seven to ten  days, and the method of preparing lumber is novel to all who are unused to  frontier life. The trees selected should  be sound and straight, and 12 inches  through the butt. A saw-pit about six-  feet high is built near the tree, and the  tree felled and cut into logs about 25  feet long'. When all is ready, neighbors are invited to the rolling-bee to  help in placing the logs on the pit. To  make good lumber requires a sharp  saw and experience, besides hard work.  To avoid trouble at this time, the man  in the pit  SHOULD KEEP HIS   MOUTH CLOSED.  After the pit is levelled and the log  peeled, a square is made on the smaller end, and an exact counterpart on  the other; the log is then lined both  above and below and squared or slabbed, then it is lined for the Jioards, an  eighth of an incln always being allowed  for the saw-cut. After the boards a re  sawed the boat is built, calked and  pitched, oars and poles made, and the  journey resumed. Going down the  LewisRiver, the Hobtalinqua, Big'Salmon and Little .Salmon Rivers are  passed on the right before reaching  the Five Fingers. Here four large  buttes stand like giant sentinels of  stone to dispute your farther ingress  into the country: the water, in five  passages, runs swiftly between; the  right-hand passage is the only one  which is practicable, and though the  water is swift, it is safe if the boat be  kept in the centre.  A few moments of strong pulling and  careful management and the boat is.  rapidly approaching the Reef rapids,  three miles below. Here again the  right hand side insures safety, and having gone through them the last dangerous water is passed. Next comes  the 'Policy river, and the junction of  the Pel ley and Lewis from the Yukon  proper. At this point the first trading  post is reached. This is known as Harper's, and is five hundred and ten miles  distant from Juneau.  Continuing the journey, Stewart river  is passed on'the right; then the White  river on the left, so named on account  of its milky looking water; the next  tributary oh the same side is Sixty Mile  creek, so called on account of its'being  sixty miles above Fort Reliance. A  hundred miles below, on the left side  is Forty Mile creek, forty miles below  Fort Reliance. Here the Yukon is over  two miles in width, and on the upper  bank of Forty Mile creek is the principal trading- post of the interior. This  is the starting point for all the mines  and is seven hundred and fifty miles  from Juneau.  SNOWSLIDE  OI?   AVALANCHE.  tent   of   man  endurance.     But  haste  and should this happen the Indians  will'prove of great assistance in recovering part of the things. With long,  slender rods tipped with steel they feel  down in the snow and locate most of  the larger packages, which, without  them and their feel rods, one would  never find. At Sheep Camp the suin-  niit towers above you about 3500 feet,  but the pass is some 500 feet lower. No  further progress can be made until a  clear day, and sometimes the weather  continues bad for two or throe weeks.  the mountain top hidden in thick  clouds and icy winds hurling the new  fallen snow in every direction or driving tlie sleet in the face of anyone bold  enough to stir out of camp and pee.]) up  at the almost precipituous wall of snow  and ice. But sunshine comes at last,  and the wind grows still. Now conies  the tug of war���to get the outfit to the.  summit, for 000 foot every step must be  HAVE   JUJN  THE  CAN VOX  safely even with loaded rafts, but it is  much  surer   to    make   a   landing  on  the right  side and  portage  the  outfit  around the canyon three-quarters of a  mile and run the raft through  empty!  The sameness  of the scenery on approaching the  canyon  is   so   marked  that many parties have gotten into the  canyon before they  were aware of it.  Below the canyon are the White Horse  rapids���a bad "piece of water; but the  raft can  be lined down the right hand  side until near the White Horse,  three  miles  below.    This  is a   box   canyon  about a hundred yards lona',  and fifty  in  width, a chute through  which the  water of the river, which" is nearly viOO  feet wide just above, rushes with maddening force.    But  few have ever attempted  to  run  in   and  four of  them  have been drowned.    Of two men who  made the attempt in May. 1888, nothing  was found save a  bundle,  of blankets.  Below the White Horse, another raft is  built and  the journey continued  .seventy-five; miles to Lake. La Barge.   This  usually repuires three days.    After entering the  lake  solid  ice  is found perhaps a  mile  from tho inlet.    Camp  is  made on the shore, and  as the ice gets  soft most of the sledding  is done in thej  early   morning,   it   being    sufficiently j  light in May  to  start  soon   after  mid-|  MOSS  HAD liEEN THERE.  Great Falls, Mont,, July '23.���Frank  Moss, an old time miner in this section,  who four years ago was one of a party  of Americans to visit the   Thron-Diuck  country,   returned   today   and tells a  story of horrors and   starvation seldom  equalled even in modern novels.   He  describes Thron-Diuck as aplacer camp  seven miles   long  and thirteen miles  ���wide located   in  a sink, walled in bv  boulders of rock 8000 feet high.    Gold,  he says, abounds, but no ordinary man  can Avithstand the hardships of tlie uncivilized region.   When Moss left here  four years  ago he was a sturdy fellow  over six feet tall.   From hardships and  privation lie is today a cripple for   life  and badly broken in health.   In three  years he saw over 2000 graves made in  the Thron-Diuck basin, a large majority dying from starvation.    The steamship companies bring in all food and allow   no   private   importation.    Consequently it is not uncommon to go  for  weeks with but a scant supply, and for  days entirely without food.   The gold  brought in to Seattle last week, Moss  says, does not represent the findings of  individual shippers but a large proportion was confiscated from the effects of  those 2000 miners who fell a prey to the  hardships.  At the death of a man possessed of  dust his body was buried without a coffin and the" dust divided among those  who cared for him. With proper reliefs  established by the government Moss  savs gold can be taken out at the rate  of ��2,000,000 a month.  The richest strike has been made by  a 21-year-old boy named George Horii-  blow'er, of Indianapolis. In the heart  of a barren waste known as Boulder-  field he found a nugget for which the  transportation company gave him 85,-  700. He located his claim at the find  and in four months had taken out over  8100,000.  The richest section of Alaska, Moss  says, is yet undeveloped. It is 100  miles fronijThron-Diuck and known as  the Black Hole of Calcutta. It is inhabited by ex-convicts of Bohemia, and  murders and riots take the place of  law and order.  A few months ago Thron-Diuk organized a justice committee,, and its'law  prevails now.  With the great crowds preparing to  go to the scene now the old miner says  hunger and suffering will be great  when added to other'hardships to be  overcome by those who survive the terrible ordeal.  timely warninu.  Frederick Hobart. editor of the Engineering and Mining- Journal, says "of  theiThron-Diuck: "It would ' be extremely foolish for any one to start for  the Thron-Diuck at this season,as they  cannot get there in time to do anything  this year. The Yukon river is" navigable only during about three months  of the year. It would be well for those  who do not know that country to learn  more   about  it   before starting for the  gout fields.  A man who  Alaska, where  years, said to a  has just returned from  he has been for two  World reporter: "No  one. but a fool, in my opinion, Avill start  just now for Thron-Diuck. Any avIio do  will reach the diggings to find the  ground covered with snow and be unable to do anything until May or June  of next year. The talk about the high  wages reads' avc.11. but it should be remembered that there is little work to  be done, in the. cold weather in Alaska  at any price. Alaska is a hard place to  get experience, and it will kill more  men than it will make rich."  And you  will feel as though  you were having  a Holiday in  Paradise. ^k^k^v^  The smoke  from the *n  Will be seen in  many mountain saloons  before the hills are  much older^^^^^c^: $*��� Fourth Yeah.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUGUST 5, 1897.  3  'A:  ON   TO  THE   YUKON.  Toronto's latest railway project is an  ambitious one. It involves nothing less  than the opening up of ajrail and water  way from the Ontario railway system  to Bering sea and the "Yukon gold  country. This looks like a gigantic  proposition,^:)ut the gentlemen promoting' the project say the route can be  opened up and equipped for twenty  million dollars. The boldness of the  scheme almost takes one's breath away.  It is undoubtedly the most original and  unique transportation proposition that  has'ever been formulated on the American continent. The details are briefly  these:  It is proposed to build a raihvay from  Missanabie on the CP.R,., half way between Sudbury and Port Arthur, to  Moose Fort oh James' Bay, a distance  of 210 milos. The distance from Moose  Fort to Chesterfield Inlet, on the Avest  side of Hudson Bay, is 1300 miles. It  is proposed to place steamers between  these two points. From the Avcstern  end of Chesterfield Inlet the route to  Bering Sea goes by way of the Mackenzie and Yukon' rivers The divide  betAveen Chesterfield Inlet and the  Mackenzie basin would be crossed by  a railway 175 miles in length. At the  western end" of. this raihvay portage  and continues for  of the river, in  the Arctic Ocean. Another railway of  50 miles between the delta of the Mackenzie and the Yukon river brings the  latter into the system, and provides a  terminal for the'route in Bering sea.  The prospectus of the company states  that the total length of the route from  Missanabie to the mouth of the Yukon  aggregates 5000 miles, about 95 per  cent, of Avhich distance is said to be already navigated by steam power. The  total" railway mileage of the system,  which is known as the "Harvey route,"  or the Northwestern Transit System,  aggregates 050 miles; the lake and  river steam 'navigation amounts to 4,-  800 miles, while the mileage of sea  coast navigation opened up by the system is 0000 miles; total 10,800 miles.  The scheme also involves the extension of the railway route from Missanabie to the Sault Ste. Marie, a distance  of 100 miles. The idea wjis to construct  this portion of the route first, but since  the fabulous reports of gold discoveries  in the Yukon country have come to  hand the directors have decided to leave  the Sault Ste. Marie branch tti 11 the last.  The watchword of the directors seem  to be "On to the Yukon!" They expect to be there before the end of the  century.  It appears from the prospectus that  the. Sault Ste. Marie and Hudson  Bay  Raihvav Company was chartered seven  'Pi.  navigation begn  1.400 miles to the mouth  gold-seekers to do their own packing"  A thousand pounds of goods could only  be considered a fair outfit for one man,  and if the man had to carry it himself,  it would take him no less than a month  to do it.  The next thing, after getting-"safely  over the pass, is to build a boat. Four  men who'are handy Avith tools can take  the standing- spruce, saw out lumber  and build a boat large enough to carry  them and their 4,000 pounds of provisions all in a week.  With boat built one starts from the  head of Lake Bennett on the last stage  of the trip���a sail'of 600 1 miles downstream (not counting' lakes) to DaAvson  City, at the mouth of the Thron-Diuck,  With fair Aveather at the evening of the  second day one reaches Miles canyon,  the bog-inning of the worst piece of  Avater on the trip. The voyager has  passed through Lake Bennett and  Takish and j\iarsh lakes. At the head  of Miles canyon begins three miles of  indescribably rough water Avhich terminates in White Horse rapids.  , During the rush of gold hunters it is  probable there will be men at Miles  canyon avIio will make a business of  taking boats through the rapids, and,  unless one is an experienced river man  it is economy ito pay a few dollars for  such service, rather than take the  great chances of losing an outfit.  After   the  rapids   comes   Lake   La  a beautiful sheet of water thirty-  . and in this connection  i suggestion   is   desirable.   Near the  These two are most  human-like in j  many   of their   characteristics.    They  undress  at  night, don  '-nighties" and  then go to bed as methodically as Darby  and Joan.  Mrs. CroAvley is wise beyond her generation  and 'species.   'If "you want to  feed them you naturally give her something and then give Mr. Crowley something-..    She    eats   quickly   and   has  devoured her portion before the husband  is half through his.   Over she goes and ;  takes his away   from him.   Then   he i  cries.pitifully.   She hugs and kisses him j  and brushes" away his tears in a tender ;  way.   She is all "sympathy.   But while j  she chucks him under the'chin with one j  hand she is eating what she has taken i  from him.   Mr. Crowley does not seem \  to learn that he is being "jollied," and j  he apparently appreciates the sympathy j  bestowed on him. I  Bank of Montreai  9  THE   STEAM   TURBINE.  Barge,  live miles long-  suggestion  The .charter has remained  in abeyance until a few months ago,  when .a deal was made to transfer the  headquarters of the concern from Sault  Ste. Marie to Toronto and to interest  Toronto men and capital in the venture. The directors of the project are  all well known citizens, and include  Stapleton Caldocott, president; S. H.  Blake, J. W. Langmuir, Robert Kil-  gonr and Aid. James Scott. The main  ollice of the company is at 34 Victoria  street, Toronto. The directors are  very enthusiastic, over the project, and  they seem to be hopeful of financing and  putting it through     ^ *"   *r���..i.i  -Toronto /Vorld.  foot of the lake, on the -left side, is a  creek coming in which marks a good  game country. A year ago and in  previous seasons, moose Avere plentiful  there and in the rugged mountains  nearer the head of the lake there always have been good hunting grounds  for mountain sheep. A delay of a week  either in this locality or .almost any of  the streams that flow into the succeeding-200 miles of river, for the purpose  of laying in a good supply of fresh  meat^ is Avorth considering. Moose  meat that can be preserved "until cold  Aveather sets in Avill sell for a fancy  price.  The first trading post and settlement  of white men to be encountered on., the  river is at Fort Selkirk, opposite the  mouth of Pelly river. Thence it is a  little more than a day's run down to  Sixty-Mile, and it takes less than a day  to go from Sixty-Mile to Dawson City.  DISCOVERER WAS CARMACK.  'Ora'er Maris, avIio a year ago went  through the Yukon country as a news  ! paper correspondent, writes:  The honor of discovering the very  richest placer mines in the world belongs to an Illinois man named Geo.  Carmack, who went to Alaska eight  or ten years ago. Last summer I  Avas drifting and sailing with a small  party of men down the Yukon. We  had left Sixty-Mile post before noon  of the day that I have in mind���July  9���and at 5 o'clock in the afternoon,  on passing the point of an island, we  came in sight of an Indian village  act oss a Avide sweep of rapid river a  mile or more away. We'knew, then  that we were near the mouth of the  Clondyke. We made a landing at a  slight projection of land a mile below  THE   TWO   UOUTES.  How Minors Can Get, to the Gold Coun  try This Year.  The steam turbine is rapidly becoming an important factor in the power  world, because of its compactness, light  Aveight and high speed. ..Oyer 80.000  horse-poAver in   this   form   of driving  machinery has been installed in England alone during the past few years.  Its latest application is to the propulsion of vessels, and in this field it has  accomplished more than its promoters  claimed, having established a world's  record for speed. This, too, despite  unforeseen difficulties that arose in connection Avith the enormous speed of the  screw propellers employed, 2,500 revolutions per minute. Avhich. however,  have been overcome in a measure  though not entirely.  The vessel which made this record,  3-23 knots, was built in England, and  is knoAvn as the Turbinia, so named  on account of its propelling power, compound steam turbines. The idea of  applying steam turbines to marine com-  oulsion Avas conceived by Hon. Chas  A. Parson, the.inventor "of the  turbine that bears his name.  The Turbinia is 100  9 feet beam and 44J tons displace  ment. It was originally fitted Avith a  turbine engine designed to develop  1,800 actualhorse poAver when running  at a speed of 2,500 revolutions per  minute; and directly coupled to the  propeller. This equipment was changed to thr  engines of ^...,^.,.,1. ��^..-..&����, ^ - - ".fe  propellers.  These three engines use the steam in  a high pressure, an  i Ioav pressure   en-  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40  Sir Donald A. Smith, G-C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E.S.Clocston, General Manager,  ..  A. Macnider, Chief Inspector & Supt. of Branches.  A. B. Buchanan, Inspector of Branch returns.  W. S. Clouston,   Assistant Inspector.  James Aird,  Secretary.  Branches hi all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  A general banking business transacted  .-%^4  BURTON CITY  British Columbia.  Ho! for Burton City, the  quartz and placer Gold Mining camp of the Slocan.  BURTOiV CITY  This  town  can   boast   of  having had the largest Smelter returns in Gold of any  steam i camp in the Slocan.  ~~ JNO.ICOVER.  feet in length.  BURTON CITS  WM. BENNISON,  Branches���  Everett. Wash.  3i) Upper Brook St., Loudon.  Members of tlie Rossland Stock Exchange  and Board of Trade.  H. E. COVER.  Cable Address���"Bknnisox.  Morciny and Neal,  Cloujrh's (new and oidi,  Bedford McNeill,  and A B C Codcs^  WM. BENNISON  & CO;, ROSSLAND, B.C.  DEALERS IN  .AND  . . _   opening  ���ee smaller compound turbine   9Avi9n      wifV��  if smaller design, driving three ' <->VX��4V,     Willi  series, there being  intermediate and  There are two principal Avaysof going  from the Pacific coast ports to the  Thron-Diuck gold fields, taking Seattle  for a starting point: One all-water  route, by way of the mouth of the  Yukon, it is a fifteen days' voyage  from Seattle to St. Michaels. One goes  straight out into the Pacific toAvard  Japan for 1;800 miles. Then one turns  through Uuimak pass to the Aleutian  islands and touches for a day at the port  of Dutch Harbor. Thence one sails  away to the north across Bering sea  and' past the seal islands, 800 miles  .farther, to the port of St. Michaels.  This is a transfer point, and the end  of the ocean voyage At St. Michaels,  after a. wait of anywhere from a day to  two weeks, granting that the river is  open, one may go aboard a fiat-bottomed river steamer for another fifteen or  twenty days' voyage up the Yukon.  If one stiould arrive at St. Michaels as  early as Aug. 25, he would have pretty  good assurance of reaching the mines  before cold weather closed navigation.  Arriving later, he will have to winter at  St. Michaels, or travel 1,900 miles by  foot and dog sled.  The other way of getting., to the  mines, commonly called the Juneau  route,  is   much 'more direct,  but it is  broken bv various methods of transportation. The first stage is a four days'  trip from Seattle up tlie coast 900 miles  to Juneau. This ��� is the  Alaskan port, a town of 5,000" inhabitants, and a very good outfitting point,  as prices are but little higher than at  the cities of Puget sound. Everything  that a miner needs can be procured  there in ordinary times, although such  a rush as is expected might exhaust the  resources of the town.  From   Jnne.au there is yet, another  short stage bv salt water���100 miles a  the village, and were surprised to  find the camp of a white man near  the little patch of quiet water afforded by the point.  The owner of the camp was Car-  mack. He caught the line we threw  out and pulled our boat into his little  harbor. He gave us a hearty welcome and showed us a pleasant place  to put our tents.  Then it developed that Carmack  had a family with him. Two little  dark skinned children followed him  everywhere., and presently he pointed  out liis wife to us, who was a native,  a woman of the Stick tribe.  Carmack, who is a very intelligent  man, gave us much information  about the Upper Yukon. The Clondyke had been known for several  years to drain a gold country, and  the first five miles of it had been indifferently prospected, but the gold  hunters were generally run out by  bears.  Carmack told us of his intention to  prospect the Clondye as soon as the  salmon season was over. Four weeks  later, as we afterwards learned, he  took two Indians and started up the  stream. After a tew miles of laborious poling against a rapid current  they turned into the first considerable  tributary that came in from the right.  Here conditions were favorable for  prospecting, the water being shallow,  and they found gold in encouraging  quantities on the bars of the creek.  They followed the windings of this  ..... stream for 20 or 25 miles before they  principal i made locations and went to work.  The results were almost enough to  turn the brain of a prospector who  had searched for many years in the  hope of finding gravel that would  yield a few grains weight of gold to  the pan. Here a depth of three feet  in the low bars of the creek they  found dirt that carried a dollar to the  This change, however, did not  increase the total weight of the engines  and shafts. The boiler is of the water-  tube type of 225 pounds per square  inch working pressure, having large  steam space, and with a total heating  space of 11,000 square feet, and a grate  space of 42 square feet, a remarkably  small amount, considering the displacement of the vessel and'the speed attained. The stoke-holds are closed,and  the draught supplied by a fan coupled  directly to the engine. The light  weight of the machinery gave a displacement only half that required ordinarily, and "the steam consumption  was almost the smallest on record'. The  diameter of the propellers is only 18  inches. With lower steam pressures, it j  is possible to still connect directly and  drive the vessel at a lower speed. There |  is no difficulty about reversing, when j  there are several small engines, as in {  this case. ��� j  The greatest difficulty was en coun-1  tered because of the enormous speed  at which the   propeller-  was   driven,  namely, 2,500 revolutions per minute.  Ordinarily 400 revolutions per minute  is apt to give trouble, and at the hijrli  er speed it  was found that  single propeller,  there was created a  cylinderical vacuous space in the water  will be placed on the market  on July 15th. Get in on the  sale. Size of lots,  0-foot alley;  price, $100 and $150 on the  business streets; but unly a  limited number will be sold  at that price.  BURTON CITY  is one of the few townsitesin  West Kootenay that can give  a perfect title; terms, 1-3  cash, balance three and six  months.  BURTON CITY  Has a, saw mill running full blast. No trouble  in this town to get Lumber ro build. Burton  City requires a, meat market to supply uhout,  oOO men in the hills, besides the town trade.  Burton wants a Drug Store; Burton wants  another hotel; Burton wants another express  and livery stable; Burton wants some stores  and offices to rent.  BURTON CITS  MINES  MINING SECURITIES  E solicit correspondence with parties having  meritorious mining properties for sale, and  beg to say that we have connections in the  principal cities of Canada, England and the United  States, and are in daily receipt of inquiries for  developed mines and promising prospects.  18 YEARS  EXPERIENCE  \ Is destined to become  i on the Arrow Lake.  iii which it revolved, the blades cut- ito ���in-  ting off solid masses of water from the  Core part of walls of the space and depositing them in the rear. The greatest  part of the power was consumed in  maintaining this vacuum. By changing  the pitch of the propeller blades and  using three shafts this cavitation was  reduced. The action of the propeller I  in water was studied by an ingenious  arrangement of reflected light from a  revolving- mirror.  The hull of the Turbinia is covered  with steel plate of a thickness ranging  from 3-lti inch on the bottom to l-lf} inch  in the sides near the stern.  While this vessel is only of exper-  mental size, there is no doubt in the  minds of its builders that the principle  can be applied to vessels of any size.  The claims made for steam-turbine  driving, and they appear to have been  all substantiated in this boat, are greater speed, increased economy of steam  consumption, larger carrying power of  the vessel, increased facilities for navigating shallow waters,greater stability,  largely reduced vibration and reduced  size and weight of screw, propellers  and shafting. Undoubted an important  principle in marine propulsion has been  demonstrated and established.  the best mining town  Burton City is a beautiful level townsite, and it, has now the government-road where all the mineral on Cariboo creek will l>e shipped and all supplies for  tlie mines will be taken from. All goods for  the interior must go oft' here and consequently  with the ' ** will be a great commercial town. Xo better  lilace in the Sloean to head for before settling anywhere. Don't fail to see Burton. It is  surrounded by strong  syndicates and   is   sure  In active mining operations and reduction of ores,  and a knowledge of the different mining districts of  B.C. enables us to furnish reliable and competent  information perta ining to mines and mining matters.  References given.  For particulars and maps apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General   Agent, who attends to issuing  agreements ami confirms all sales.  Burton City, B. C.  ill  I  carry the stock���the largest in the Slocan-  Kootenay, in show  rooms  covering  3,000 feet of floor space.  T&e Prosrectors' Assay Office  no  B-andcn, B.  C,  Assay Price List  Gold, Silver, or Lead.each.   Gold, Silver and Lead, combined���  Gold and Silver.   Silver and Lead   Copper, (by Electrolysis)   Gold, Silver. Copper and Lead   Gold and Copiier    Silver and Copper   Gold. Silver and Copper      Platinum  .  Mercury   Iron or Manganese   Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica,  phur, each   Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Xickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each..    Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and  percentage  of  Coke, if Coking  coai) :.......   Terms: 'Casli "With .Sample.  June 20th. l��i)S.  Snl-  S1.50  3 00  2 00  2 00  ���i 00  4 0J  -.2 50  2 30  3 00  Ti 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  4 0(1  ���I   0  Foreign Coinage.  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  little west, of 'north,  to the head of the i pound in coarse, ragged bits of gold.  Lynn canal, a long, narrow inlet.   The  landing at the head of the inlet is called  Dyea, and has a trading post, where  the things that one inevitably has overlooked in the first outfitting may be  purchased. There is also at Dyea a  village of 200 or 800 Chilkat Indians,  whe make their living by packing-  miners' outfits over Chilkat pass, a portage of from twenty to twenty-two  miles, according to which one of the  chain of small lakes one chooses to begin freshwater mitigation.  The Indians have competition for a  part of the distance, at least in packing-  goods over this portage. Some white  contractors have trains of pack-horses  that are used on the first twelve miles  of distance. During the last two seasons prices for transportation supplies  from Dyea to Lake Bennett, which  latter place is usually made the beginning of Yukon navigation, have varied  from live cents a pound to sixteen  cents. In the event of there being 1,000  or 2,000 men at the pass at one time,  the present service would be inadequate  ami prices for packing-, no doubt, would  go to an extortionate ligure. Naturally,   this  would  oblige tiie majority   of  Others have since found diggings tenfold richer.  Wonderful   Chimpanzees.  Boston is just now enterta:ning two  distinguished visitors. They arc Mr.  and Mrs. Crowley, two educated and  human-like chimpanzees.    They belong  to the Edward brothers, the owners of  the famous chimpanzee Joe, whose  pictures have appeared at various times  in the Sunday World. Joe has been  sick for some time and under the care  of the best physicians in Boston. They  sent him to the country and afterwards  to the seashore, but he does not, improve, and there is little doubt that he  must soon die. Mr. and Mrs. Crowley  were imported from Hamburg to take  the place of Joe when the Edward  Brothers' show istarts on the road next  fall.  The new monkeys are more interesting than Joe because they are paired  and live together peaceably. Asa rule  only the female chimpanzees have been  exhibited in this countrv.  The United States mints make money for other nations as well as for their  own. The mint in Philadelphia, which  has just finished making five hundred  thousand dollars in five-dollar gold  pieces for Costa Rica, has begun work  on three hundred thousand silver dollars for San Domingo. The coin is  shipped in bags to New York, where it-  is carried to its destination on the regular line steamers. The report given  by the mint as to the amount of precious metal used is never questioned by ,  the foreisrners. '  STRATHERN.  Jeweler  KASLO CITY.  Evervthina" for  a Mansion or Cottage at  One hundred dozen of Chairs to select from  direct from the factories at prices low as the  lowest, D. M. CROWLEY, practical upholsterer, with a staff of mechanics, can make  anything to order.  Note the address:  Sixth Street,  Above the Ledge office,  New Denver.  Freight paid on goods to Sandon. Shiran City and all Lake points.  The only Practical Watchmaker in the  nay District. Orders by mail -eeeive  attention.  Koote-  promp  The   Iron   Ranges.  Duliith. Minn.���Total shipments of  iron ore from the Lake Superior countrv for the vear to date have been  4,000,000 ton's, though the past two  weeks have been very slow on account  of delays in this section, the Mesaba  road having been closed down ten days  by reason of washouts.  'Over 200 men have been put at work  at the Colby mine, Gogebic range, and  100 have been added to the force at- the  Buffalo Marquette range. T'-e Minnesota Iron company is employing 2,100  men.  ALL WORK GUARANTEED  -: THE :-  Noble Five Hotel,  CODY, B. G.  Best house in the City.  Good accomodation for the  oscillating public.  BONGARD & PEICKART.  J.  cn&ra  innon &  cints  Silverton, B. C.  Ship goods to any pai-t of tlie District.       Their store is the  largest  iii  the Slocan country.  SHEERAN & O'RAY.  Freight and Transfer Stables.  "Popper," said little Willie, ''did you  tell a story at the story-teller's night at  the club," Tuiisdav nitrht?" "Yes, mv  hoy, I did. Why?" '"Did they spank  vou for it. as you do me when I tell a  storv?" asked Willie.  Pack ti-ain and  tion.    All work  done  at moderate cnarges.  Saddles in cornice-'  with despatel  c. s.  RASIIDALL.  Xotarv I'ulilic.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  MEW DENVER, B.C.  MIXING 1NTKRKSTS JiOUGIIT.  (.'.uinpli-ti' lists of claims for sal<  SOLI)   axp BOXDKD.       CORRKSPONOUNCE  -INVITKD   Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  B^BIM^i^^^ 4  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUGUST 5, 1897.  Fourth Year.  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months '..-...* .75  Six -; :.... 1.2.5  Twelve  "  -'-00  Thbek years -������-������  "'-00  Transient Advertising-, 25 cents'per line first in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  ���~ TO CONTRIBUTORS.  C jnespondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications ujmjii live topics  always acceptable. Write on both, sides of the  paper if. you wish. Always send something yood  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot, and we will do the rest.  T EUKSDAY, AUGUST 5. 1897.  KLOXIJIKKISM.  The American continent has a  great Klondike wave sweeping over  it just now, and as a consequence we  are deluged with all sorts of questions  about that golden spot in the universe. We have looked into the  matter severely and have decided to  answer all queries as follows:  ..The .best.way to reach the Klondike is by balloon. This mode ot  travel does away with many of the  hardships incidental to the overland  trip.  The gold   spot  is  some  distance  from New   Denver and   cannot   be  seen from  here, even through a telescope.  Tenderfeet will do well to take several large barrels with them. Going'  to that country they might use them  for bats, and afterwards to pack their  experiences in.  We believe there  is plenty of gold  in the frozen north, but we also believe that Kootenay will   be producing- wealth when the name of Klon-  ���  dike is obsolete.  Judging from the number of ten  derfeet suffering from the gold fever,  we would think that a firm of undertakers would do well in the land of  golden gravel.  We do not intend to join the maddened band of fortune hunters now  rushing north unless our patrons become bankrupt. We prefer chicken  dinners and bouquets in the Slocan to  a life of toil on the Klondike, where  the mosquitoes are so thick that a  man's life is not safe many miles from  a crowd.  The Slocan is one of the most  charming places on earth, and rather  than desert it we have decided to resist the temptation of going far north  and wading up to our knees in the  golden sands of the Klondike.  We would advise dudes to leave  their cigarettes and canes with their  mas. They had also better leave a lock  of their hair, as they mav have none  when they come back.  Strong, resolute and daring men  who do not care for hell, high water  or short rations may stand a chance  in that rigid clime, of wresting a fortune from some of the creeks. The  weak and easily discouraged had  better stay at home, or they will be  tempted to curse their God for the  suffering that will fall to their, lot in  the, to most of them, vain search for  the yellow metal.     *  Gold   has more   control oyer the  human soul   than  any other metal  and when the fever breaks out it can  only   be   cured   by   liberal doses of  black flies,  frost, short rations and  constant travelling.  .,   We are studying  up a  course   in  gold   and  will give our-readers tlie  benefit from time  to  time.   In   the  meantime if any of our readers are  smitten with  Klondikeism take this  paper along as an assistance to  hope  in dark and trying hours.  The Klondike cannot  be reached  on a bike.  have been free to mine gold and  silver, and to take up land claims for  residence and cultivation, on  equal terms and this both governments will V. probably continue to permit. Secretary of State  Sherman says the United States will  make no change and he does not  think the Canadian government will.  Certainly not. Canadians would  like to have in the Thron-Diuck as  many miners as possible, if they pay  20 per cent, on the value of the gold  thev  STL.VERTON.  WHITEWATER.  the;  get out.  Hon.  (i.   P  HE   DID'XT. SAY DAMS  a tour   of  Martin   makes  Slocan Lake.  Slocan lake has had the, honog- of a  visit from a member of the provincial  cabinet, Hon. G. B. Martin, chief commissioner of lands and works. He came  on Monday and left on Tuesday. On the  latter day'he left New Denver on the  morning" boat, visited Silverton, Ten  Mile and Slocan City, and retained on  the same boat in time to catch the afternoon train for Nakusp. During this trip  he gained a full knowledge of tlie avoii-  ful prosperity of the mining industry  hereabouts, saw with his own eyes bag's  of ore waiting at each stopping place  for shipment, talked with all the prominent men of the growing towns mentioned, obtained a full "and complete  knowledg-e of the requirements of each  in the way of government improvinents.  From the time expended and the careful consideration given by the minister  fo the representations made to him, Ave  may expect great things in the way of  governmental aid in the near future.  In a talk with a representative of the  Ledge on the steamer Slocan between  Silverton and this port, the lion, gentleman expressed his pleasure that lie  came. One could not gain anything  definite from official reports, he said,  it AAras really necessary for an officer  charged Avith the expenditure of gov-  erninent moneys to see for himself.  This was his first trip on Slocan lake,  and he had never met with scenery so  beautiful anywhere. Out on the coast  this lake was a mere speck denoting  water,, on the map, and tlie people there  could not imagine Iioav grand and yet  delightful Avas the surrounding- scenery.  He AAras surprised to find, too, such  bustling business communities so rapidly built up on the lake, and he understood that the mining- development aa-^s  on a scale sufficient to warrant such enterprise in building operations. From  Avhat he had learned he believed the  shipments from the surrounding mines  AA'ould be very larg-e in the future. He  had been delayed at Nelson or would  like to have spent more time on this  beautiful lake.  The mention of Nelson led to a timid  question, as to AAdiat the lion, gentleman  is alleged to have said aooutthe people  of that port, Mayor Hueston having  credited him Avitti declaring that they  could be d d for all he cared.  "That is an absolute falsehood." de  A dance hall is being put up at  edge of the woods.  Martin Markson has opened a bakery  next to the Silverton NeAvs Company  The new'Victoria Hothl looks-very  pretty in its dress of white picked out  with .'delicate blue.  N. F. Cooper has done his assessment  work on his claims on Cedar creek, and  has gone to work on the Vancouver.  Billy Owens, avIio came here on July  8th: is still sick at the Hotel Thorburri.  He has a serious case of appendicitis.  W. A. Coe, a mining expert from Boston, Mass., is inspecting mining, properties up Four Mile with a view to-invest.  Host Thorburn was-speeding-a parting g-uest on Saturday night, avIio was  too jolly to sign his name. He made his  mark.  Silverton has four hotels doing good  business, and tAAro more going up. One  of the new ones is to be occupied by  Tom Clare, of the Exchange at Sandon.  J. G. Gordon, barrister, of Toronto  and Moose JaAv, after spending some  time in the Kootenays, has decided to  settle here and has piit out his shingle.  The Galena Farm is putting in a iicav  Pelton wheel to drive its hoist and compressor.   Sixty tons  of this machinery  was on the Avharf yesterday, but Avas  rapidly being hauled to the mine.  Foss and McDonnel, the contractors'  for the Four Mile wagon road, have not  started work, yet, but in a day or tAvo  they Avill put on eighty men. They are  to complete the road in .scwenty-five  days.  There is more loose chang-e about  toAvn than usual. On Saturday the NeAv  Denver police cleared out the black  jack sharps and there has'nt been a  game played since. Seventeen of these  gentry came here from Sandon, Avhere  they had been exiled by the police.  Many new families came m . to settle  here during the past Aveek, among them  Mr. & Mrs.' Sterritt, of Everett, Wash.;  Mr. & Mrs Eugene Watson, of Calgarv;  Mr. & Mrs. Scott, of Victoria; Mr. & Mrs.  Sanford Daiglie; Mr. & Mrs. Henry  Calbrick of San Jose, Cal.: 'Lucien Biq-  uier and his father of Rossland, and Mr.  & Mrs. George McTagg-art of Slocan  Citv.  [From Our Regular Correspondent.]  J ihn  Bell is doing assessment an the South  jFork. '  The Hotel Victoria will open next week.  Lumber is being hauled' from Bell Bros', sawmill to the Northern Bell.   Surveys have been  completed and work will be started on the flume.  No contracts have yet been let for the construe  tion of the concentrator.  The Slocan Transfer Company has now 30  pack animals on the Ibex trail bringing- down 100  tons of ore a mouth..  W.I. Holmes was surveying last week for the  Ibex tramway.  A butcher shop and a blacksmith shop are to be  established shortly in Whitewater. Considerable  building is contemplated in the near future.  Considerable interest is taken in Whitewater in .  the proposed  extension  of  the CP.R. to this  point, as it will undoubtedly be of great benefit.  Surveyors are now at work and lines are being  run right into town.  Frank Forbiu returned from the other side  with nine horses. He made the trip into Nelson  over the Dewdney trail, a distance of nearly 300  miles, in a little over four days. The trip was a  hard one as no feed was to be had, and the trail  was very rough, but no mishaps were met with,  though one Avas narroAvly averted when the stock  started off in front of the N. &S. express. The  train was stopped just Avlien nearinga dangerous  piece of trestle work, and by the aid of the passengers the horses Avere turned back onto the trail.  The K. & S. road to the Slocan lake may be  materialising more rapidly than generally anticipated. A gang of surveyors under Engineer Grey,  of the K. & S. land department, start to work this I  week  between   Whitewater   and  Three  Forks, j  Though very little is to bo learned of their in ten-;  tions, it is known that (he survey is for a railway j  grade and there is a rumor afloat that construe- I  tion is to lie started on this important link in Ihe  near future.  KASLO.  MOTEIiS OF KOQTEfiHY  THE NEWMARKET,  New Denver, H. Stege  ST. JAMES.  New Denver, Angrignon Bros.  WINDSOR RESTAURANT.  New Denver. A. Jacobson & Co.  THE FILBERT.  Sandon,  HOTEL  SANDON.  Sandon,  R. Canning  THE CLIFTON HOUSE,  Sandon, John Buckley  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  UP    TEN    MILE    CRKKK.  clared Mi" Martin, and beseemed pleased at the opportunity of denying it.  "Mayor Hueston can say Avhat lie likes,  but I never said anything of the kind. I  never use such language. I believe  that the people of Nelson are entitled  to the recognition of the government,  and I wish to deny the words attributed  to me in the strongest terms.  ^Slilllllllllllllllilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllilllllllllllllllllllllllllillllllllllllllli/^  I NEWS IN PLACE J  %illllllllliilllllllllllllllllllll!IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIJIIIIIIIIIIIIIillillllllllll|llllllll#  Rev. R. N. PoAvell will bring his fam-  ily here shortly.  Frank LoCasto has opened a branch  store in Sandon.  Black & McLennan are building an  hotel in Trout Lake City.  J. Q. McKinnon will embark in the  store business at Ferguson.  Captain Adams and his son paid a  visit to the Galena mine on Tuesday.  The ;Mammoth and Apex, near the  Mountain Chief, are to be surveyed for a  crown grant.  Slocan City and. Brandon have been  created a school district, and a school  election has been called for August 10 th.  A rich strike has been make on the  Vancouver, a lead 10 inches Avide of  clear high grade galena having been  met -with.  Rev. Dr. Robertson, Superintendent  of Presbyterian Missions Avillprea'ch in  the Methodist church on Friday evening at eight o'clock.  C. P. R. stock is going up, which  is entirely due to its Kootenay  trade, and tlie confidence capitalists  have in the great future of this glorious country.  ALIEN    LAW    AS    TO    MINKIJS.  While the Canadian government  has determined to keep some of the  Thron-Diuck gold in the country, and  will charge every man avIio goes there  2Cper cent, of the gold he mines after  such hardships and difficulties, yet it  is believed that it will do this with a  most generous indiscrimination and  tax Americans no more than Kan-  ucks. Both will be permitted to work,  and in addition to that to breathe the  air of Canadian freedom, on taking  out a license and paying it.  The United States government did  order troops to be sent co Alaska to protect its citizens, but on second thoughts  The tunnel on the Alpine group sIioavs  six feet of quartz carrying free milling  gold ore that Avill run $'25 in gold to tlie  ton. About 25 per cent, of the ore will  have to be smelted. The syndicate operating this group Avill build a Avagon road  to Kootenay lake and put in a stamp  mill. The property will eventually be  On both sides of the  boundary men   placed on the London market.  believed the men Avould be unable to  withstand the climate and the temptation to desert. In addition to this  it is not believed that the alien law  will be enforced  as regards miners.  James Marimo has supplies and-men  up the hill to the California and will soon  be shipping ore whether his partners are  agreeable or otherwise.  OArer 50 tons of ore assaying OA'er 140  ounces in sih-er and (30 per cent, lead  were taken out of the Adams, one of tlie  Canadian group, last Aveek.  It is rumored here that the Enterprise will probably' purchase the Iron  Horse in order to get greater depth in  Avorking the Enterprise lead.  Acting Gold Commissioner Goepel  made a tour of Slocan lake points early  in the Aveek, accompanying. Hon. G. B.  Martin, chief commissioner of lands and  works.  Pete Sylvester has returned from his  claim on Six Mile, called the Champion,  haying finished his assessment work.  He say that sonic of the surface rock  runs $212.50 in gold.  The Neglected, situated on the lake  shore, half a mile south east of Ncav  Denver, Avas sold this Aveek to S. T.  Chvhigs of Moscoav, Idaho, the purchasing price being- S700.  Wm. .7. Marze, of the neAV hotel at  Enterprise, Avas in town Monday. He  claims that there is better trout fishing  in Ten Mile creek, near the neAV tOAvnsite  of Enterprise than in any stream of this  locality.  Mrs. Murphy presented the editorial  department of this paper last Saturday  with a bouquet of fipAvers and some large  potatoes and cucumbers grown in her  Nca\- Denver garden, that cannot be  beaten in.anv district.  Tavo teams are hauling ore from the  Enterprise, six tons a day being handled.  More experts are to be found in the  camp iioav than at any time during the  summer.  W. Boies has located an 18-inch vein  of galena on South Kaslo creek, which  assays "480 ozs. of silver.  The force on the Arlington has been  slightly reduced. . Another deal is in  prospect, hence the reduction.  Marcus Daly and the Boston & Montana Smelting Co. have experts in the  lower lake country, and something wil 1  drop shortly.  Two neAV houses are in course of construction at Enterprise, and Bob Covington is already dreaming of being the  first mayor of a bustling mining town.  Chas. Martin, one of the Bondholder  boys, Avent up to that property on Saturday, and dismissed tbe watchman, avIio  has been there since the Vancouver  bonders ceased Avork.  The Weymouth, opposite the Enterprise, on Ten Mile, has had two men  working on it, and the result is encouraging. The breast of the tunnel is filling  in with, quartz, showing galena and zinc.  A full force is again at Avork on the  Enterprise, there being upwards of 40  men employed. This force will be increased to a hundred. To accommodate  this large force a neAV boarding and bunk  house Avill be begun shortly.  The Vancouver owners of a quarter  interest in the Two Friends group are  serving a restraining injunction on the  other proprieters, to have them cease  working the group. The property is  looking better today than eArer before.  ��� The second-vein on the Enterprise is  likely to turn out a bonanza. It is eight  feet in width and carries considerable  galena. On one Avail there is an inch of  solid ore. The vein has been stripped  some distance to enable a sight to be  taken for a tunnel, Avhich will be commenced at once.  A Winnipeg company, Avith F. S. Andrews, of Slocan City, have a bond on  the Still BIoav, a promising gold property  on Lemon creek, owned by Paul Hauclc  and Harvey Fyfe. The ledge is 18 inches  Avide and has giA^en assays as high as 1(5  oz. in gold. Saturday morning a pack  train load of supplies went up to the  claim.  VBVEY.  The Bachelor shipped five tons to the  Nelson smelter last Monday.  The trail from Falls creek to the Gold-  bug creek has been completed.  Forty claims have been located this  summer on the big mountain back of  Vevey.  Five outfits  are  working  on  the   big  mountain between Ten and Twelve Mile I  creeks. " j  i  Native sih-er Avas struck in the Goldbug j  last Sunday.    This property is OAvned by i  Rashdall,   Cory,   Thomlinson   and  Clement.  [From Our own Correspondent.]  Rev. Or. Robertson of Toronto preached in the  Presbyterian church on Sunday last.  H. M. Adams, general freight agent of the O.  R. & N., was here list Aveek looking into the pos  sibilities.  The steamer  Ainsworth  now  makes regular  trips co Argenla and Lardoon Wednesday.  F. A. DeA-ereau,C. E., has rnoA'ed his office to  the Laugham block, corner of Fifth street and  Avenue A.  Lucas Brothers have taken the contract for the  Montezuma wagon road. According to the specifications it is two and three-quarter miles long,  most!v ou mi easy grade. About fifty men Avill  be employed And "the work of construction pushed  as rapidly as possible. _  A game of base ball was played on Sunday be-  tAveen two picked nines of professionals and amateurs, the proceeds for the members of the Kaslo  team. As this will likely be the last game of the  season the attendance was very good. Drennan  and Bray, Clark and Davy were the batteries.  The playing on the whole Avas poor, though some  brilliant individual work was done.  A large order for timber was placed in town on  Monday for the Lucky Jim tramway.  John Keen, recorder, and C. M. McAiint returned from Ncav Westmiester Tuesdav.  HOTEL WELLINGTON,  Three Forks, J. S Reeder  ASSflVE^S-OF  LEVI   SMITH,  Silverton.  HOWARD WEST,  New Denver.  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  FRANK   DICK,  Slocan City.  Mineral   Claims   Surveyed.  The undersigned, is making a survey of  the Kaslo & Slocan Railroad Land Grant  and will be ready to make surveys of  mineral claims for any party.  A. II.  Hkyland,  K. & S. Office,  t Kaslo, B.C.  To the inhabitants  of New Denver  and all  Slocan Lake  Points:  Many have received BKNEFIT  from   my Optical    Department,  Why not You ?  You who have tried common  Spectacles in vain, and suffered from eye strain, causing  Xex-vous Headache, Etc.  It will pay you to come to  SANDOJf and have your eyes  properly tested and fitted with  suitable glasses.  THis is tlie only remedy when  your trouble arises from Defective Eyesight, and should  be attended to at once. I have  one of the best trial cases made  and can give you the best service.  Eyes tested Free.  G. W. GRIMMETT,  Jeweler and Optician, Sandon, B.C.  "P    G. FAUQUIER.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp, B.C.  jj. E. PALMER, C.E.  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE.SURVEYOR.  P.O. Box 214.  Sandon, B.C  GWILLIM & JOHNSON,  (McGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  Slocan City.        -      -      -      -      -  B O  A.  DRISCOLL, C. E.  Dominion & Provincial  Land Surveyor.  Sloean City.  QM. WOOD WORTH,  M.A., LL.B.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCER, Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTATE  Slocan City, B.C.  W. S. Dkeavky  Kaslo. B.C.  H. T. Tavigg  New Denver, B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil Code.  F. W. GROVES, .  CIVIL unci MINING ENGINEEK,  Provincial Land Surveyor.  Eosebery  The northern connecting" point of  the C. P. R. on Slocan Lake.  Eosebery  Has the only safe harbor north of  Slocan City.'  Eosebery  It is at Rosebery where the beautiful Slocan steamer ties up over night  and where the employees can bring  their families.  Eosebery  Lots were put on the market June 28  and are selling- fast. You cannot  afford to wait if you want a lot. They  are going" up.  Eosebery  Men are now grading and clearing  the townsite, and several buildings  are about to be erected.  Eosebery  Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Eosebery  Will become the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having abundance  of water and being easy of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  Eosebery  Terms, J cash; balance three and six  months.  For fuil particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General Agent.  XTf  PELLEW HARVEY, F.C.S.,';  ASSAY OFFICES  and Chemical Laboratory.  Established 181)0. Vancouver, B.C  For several years with Vivian & Sons,  Swansea, and local representative for thpm.  .For 5 years manager for the iissayers-to the  Rio Tinto Company, London.  Canadian representslh'o of the Cassol Gold  Extracting Co., Ltd., Glasgow. [Cyanide Process.]  All work personally superintended. Only  competent men employed.   No pupils rficoivo.-1  T IFE   INSURANCE.  The Ontario Mutual of Watreloo, Ont  ofTers a popular policy at moderate rates.  Protection for your family.  Provision for your own old age  And a profitable .investment.  Tho Ontario Mutual Life���27th year.  Asset.-, .-3,401,908.  Full information by application to  W. D. MITCHELL, Agent,    New Denver, B.C,  First-class  brick on hand  and shipped  to any part of  the   country.  GOETTSCHE & MACNUSON,PropS  ana  Underground Surveys.     Surface  Aerial Tramways.   Mineral claims surveyed and reported upon.     Kaslo, B.C.  \  Walkers' Bulletin.  CHALLBXGK.  The undersigned is prepared to deposit  58400 for a 10!) yard foot race between  Fred Mitchell, of Slocan City and myself,  said race to take place in Xew Denver or  Slocan City within the next ten days.  PERCY WILKINSON-,'  Aug. 5, 1897.  Knights   oi   Pythias    Ball.  New Denyer Lodge No. 22 Knights of  Pythias will give their First Annual Ball  on Thursday, Aug. 12th, 1897. The XeAv  Denver Orchestra has been engaged for  the occasion, and a grand time is assured. Tickets will be on sale at Nelson's  Drug Store, NeAv Denver, and the members of the Lodge in neighboring towns.  Tickets (including supper) $2.00, Ladies  Free.  Assay Outfit For Sale.      ,Vorth  *r>:>(i; [  price ��280, cash. j  K. M. Sanihi.axds. Sandon.     |  Metal Quotations.  Silver, dull 57ic  Copper, easy ��� $11.12  Lead, firm $3.85  AW do a general commission Imsiness, and  invito the attention of  intending investors to  tin; mining and town  properties listed with  us.  We have  some snaps.  Dry and wet ore properties are obtainable  just now for very little  money.  -Are you buying?  Are you paying cash  for good properties ?  Do you like Slocan  properties ?  If you do we want to  deal with you.  /  T. WALK EI J & SONS,  New Denver, B.C.  /  Chas. A. Stoess,  Assoc. M. Inst. C. E. M. Can. Soc. C. E.  CIVIL ENGINEER.  Provincial Land Surveyor.   Mining Surveying.  Kaslo, B. C.  JJOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M, London, Eng  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties  examined   and   reported on  for  tending purchasers.  in  Assay ollice and Chemical Laboratory,  vue aAre, Ncav Denver, 13 C.  Belle-  T3  R. A. S. MARSHALL.  Dentist.  Kaslo, BC  V ���''O.  0illH�� ��1111�� SMIIf�� SmIIiTS 0i���Ii79  DR. A. MILLOY,  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago  THE SILVERTON MINER'S UNION  x No. 71.  "W.   IP.   Is/L.  Meets every Saturday night.'  C.   Mc.NTICHOLLS,    President  CHAS.  BRAND, Secretary.  Room 3, Filbert Hotel, opp.  Postoffice. Sandon.  g;  wwwwww  FRED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line of Suitings and  Trouserings always on hand.  jDo you want Ink?  Do you want Type ?  Do you want Stereo Plates ?  Do you want to trade Presses ?  Do you .want to trade Paper Cutters ?  Do vou want Anything in the way  of Printing1 Material.  Correspond  A new stock of  Gents' Furnishings.  Special lines in balbreggan. Citrpets. Mats.  Floor and Talile Oilcloth and Linoleum.  Also the late<t styles in Dress Goods nnd  Trimmings: in silks and velvets nnd  Imrtons: Sheeting and. Pillow Cotton.  Other articles too numerous to mention.  Millinery the Infest style ii.lway-f on hand.  .MRS. W   W. AIERKLY.  ^tt Toronto Type  foundry Co.,Ltd.  J.C.CROWE. Agent,  C"}() Cordova Street,  JZ,U        VANCOUVER. B.C.  STORE AND LOT FOR SALE,  Inquire of  A. S. WILLIAMSON,  SILVERTON.  The new addition to the   LELAND  HOUSE  Makes it one of the Largest and most  Comfortable Hotels in Kootenay.  MRS. D. A. McDougald.  F. LO CASTO,  New Denver.  TOBACCONIST,  NEWSDEALER,  and STATIONER,  Imported and Domestic Cigars, To-  baccoes, Fruits and Confectionery.  E.Parris& Co.,  SLOCAN  CITY  and   TEN   MILE.  A full line of Prospectors' and Miners  Supplies at Ten Mile Store.  AMOS THOMPSON, W. D.  MITCHELL  Manager. Secretary.  r. b. Thompson, Notary Public  NEW DENVER,  B.C.  Mines and  Mining Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix  Insurance Co.  of London, Eng.  llillHllllllilJnHTIiril'tlllfOTTTTffTTl ���^v^stE^r-i .7: ?3;1  Fourth Year,  THE LEDGrE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUGUST 5, 1897.  WHERE IS ERIE?  the New Mining Center.  a smelter site it is  any place I have  ALSO  VISITS CRAIGTOWN.  Mining: Activity on the North Fork  of the Salmon���Petition for  a Wagon Road.  sized town.   As  not excelled by  seen yet.  ������������ The trains on the N. & F. S. road  o>      ���>      ^     ��~j����.+ tt,,*.*^   TT��.!are speedv.    They   are   fliers.    On  lOlir Correspondent HuntS  Up I fche R^d Mountain road they crawl.  11 suppose the ill-constructed roadbed  jwill   not   permit  of anything   like  'speed.   But on this line the roadbed  ; seems  perfect,   although   there are  | several   ugly trestles  over  gulches  j caused by mud slides.  I    Erie was reached at 3:30 p. m. and  j we found a certain sense of loneliness  I impregnating the rural atmosphere.  ! The townsite is level and of consider-  I able extent.   The work of clearing  {was going on, and on probably 50  acres the trees had already been laid  low.    Thare   are    two   hotels���the  North Pork, kept by Mark Gilliam,  and the  B.  C. by Messrs.  Benvick  & Campbell.    A gentleman, whom I  j afterwards ascertained to be named  ! Wilson,   got off the train as I did,  | and I heard him ask  if he could get  j a conveyance to  Craigtown.   Like  ! myself, he had no idea of the location  of  CraigtoAvn,   its  distance,  or the  kind of road which led thither.    We  soon found that the road was a trail,  and  that  the method of locomotion  was either equestrian or pedestrian.  As neither of us expected to return  I for a day or two we decided to start  yOU . out on Shank's pony and do the eight  1 miles which lay between us and our  supper in easy style  Our way  lay N. N. W. along the  left bank of the North Fork, which is  a good-sized   river, here, but totally  unlit   for   navigation, even   for  the  smallest, of rowboats.    About half a  mile from Erie Ave crossed to the right  bank   on   a  stout  trestle   corderoy  bridge.   The trail, which is a very  good one, winds with the bank of the  river along the side of the mountains,  hundred  feet above the  hoarse   murmuring   of  be  heard all the   way  "Give me a ticket for Craigtown,  please," was the request I made to the  ticket clerk at the Rossland station of  the Red Mountain Railway last Monday.  "Craigtown?" he ejaculated with a  surprised stare.    "Where's that?"  "A ticket lor Erie Avilldo," I said,  but he seemed as far off as ever from  alighting on a ticket that would cany  me to my destination.  "North Fork," I continued, rather  amused, at his mystification.  "Oh,'ah! North Fork. Here  are. Three dollars and ten cents,"  and he handed me the bit of pasteboard that would pass me in bond  through a portion of my Uncle  Samuel's preserves Avithout being  sent back to Canada, as is noAv the  custom in the east.  At .11 a. m. we started amidst  the  good-byes and hat-waving of a large  crowd on the platform, as it Ave were  bound for the far off gold regions of | but several  Thron-Diuck, or a party of explorers j stream,   the  en route for the North Pole.   It avouM ! Avhich can  appear that it is the usual custom for  passengers by the Red Mountain  road to be escorted to the station by  two or three friends, there taking a  tearful farewell of the traveller who  dares face the perils of this peculiarly  c 'nstructed mountain road. These  good-byes and lingering farewells  were not at all consoling to one who  had never before been over the road  other than by Shank's pony, and I  was almost tempced to get out and  walk.  At Northport our   car  was run on  a barge and taken across the Colum-  ! along, and occasional glimpses of the  Avhite water can be obtained as the  Avindingof the slope permits a peep  into the dark  recesses of the ravine  below.   The   day   was   hot, and  at  Whisky creek, about a mile above  j Erie, Ave Avere glad to rest and  take  ia  refreshing drink out ot the con-  jdensed milk tin Avliicb. is hung on a  | stump for the use of thirsty and way-  | worn travellers.   I could not get the  j origin ot the name "Whiskey" creek,  j but I presume  it was here that the  bottle was first uncorked alter leaving  Erie and the liquor diluted with aqua  bia by means of a Avire. The bridge ; pura from the creek,  across the river is not yet completed, j Four miles out Ave descended to a  and I did not see any Avorkmen em-1 deep, dark, gloomy, cell-like ravine,  ployed on it. The tAvo center spans j Avhere the waters of a large sized  are not yet in placeJ but all the piers \ creek   dropped   doAvn  in   miniature  are in position, It Avill be a fine  looking structure when finished. It  is at the lower or southern end of the  town, and is high enough to catch  the level of the raihvay above the  banks of the river with little or no  grade.  Northport is a long, straggling  town of one street. This street faces  the river and is parallel to it for, perhaps, a quarter of a mile. The  buildings are mostly small and  shabby. There is one brick building which is occupied as a dry goods  store by Kendrick & Co. It is not a  cheap town. Most things are quite  as dear as in Rossland, and some  things dearer. It is a great place for  beer saloons, and Pabst's tin signs  stare one in the face at almost every  turn. These saloons all seem to be  doing a good business, the inhabitants  no doubt anticipating the dryness  that will descend upon them Avhen  the long promised smelter is belching forth fire and cinders in their  midst.  The change  cascades to the big fork,  of temperature from the hot glaring  sunshine to the arctic atmosphere ot  this water-sprinkled dell Avas very  conspicuous. The big timber was  dense, and not a ray of sunlight penetrated to, dispelled the gloomy twilight. But it Avas refreshing, very  refreshing, and a drink from the ice-  cold waters was welcome and agreeable. This is Rest creek. But Ave  did not rest long; climbing the ascent  on  the other side Ave soon emerged  luxuries not often found in the hills.  Here are to be seen picks, shovels,  smith's bellows, sides of bacon, tins,  pans, tubs, sledge hammers, bar  steel, and many other heavy and incommodious articles, all of which  have to be packed from the railway.  A blacksmith shop, a large log shed  for the pack trains, and one or two  cabins complete the list of buildings  which comprise Craigtown.. but what  the future holds for this, sequestered  spot who can foretell?  There is rare sport to be had here  for angles, The river teems with  brook trout, not very large, bu��;  gamey, and numbers aro caught  every day with artificial flies or  grasshoppers for bait. The fish bite  readily to almost any kind of bait,  and the disciples of Isaac Walton need  seek no better field than the North  Fork of the Salmon. The rver is exceptionally free from log jams for long  distances, and the bushes hardly ever  overhang enough to spoil sport with  a fly rod. There is another species of  fish very similar in size and shape  to the brook trout, minus, the spots.  It is called the squaw fish, and is just  as gamey as the trout. If for nothing  else, this district will become Avell  knoAvn as a paradise for anglers.  Next day Mr. Wilson  returned to  Erie on horseback.    We  had   been  examining the specimens of ore displayed at the hotel and found them  beyond our expectations as the products of wnat is yet only a surface  camp.    His mission to CraigtoAvn had  been   to   see if the   camp   was  far  enough advanced to keep a concen  trator in operation, and before he left  he made a proposition to the claim  OAvners that his company  would put  in   a concentrator at Craigtown   as  soon as the miners could guarantee  40 tons a day for treatment.    As far  as I can understand this offer will be  taken  up, but I  should   fancy   the  wagon road would almost be a necessity before the erection of a concentrator can be an accomplished fact.  The same afternoon my friend Joe,  who had been doing assessment work  on some of his claims up at the summit about 12  miles, came to Craigtown  for me, and   at 4 o'clock  we  took the trail  northward.    He said  we had only four miles to walk that  night; but, as is  well knoAvn, a prospector's mile means anything from a  mile to a league, and it Avas 7 o'clock  before  we  struck the camp.   Here  we found our friend  Mac, a prominent Rosslander, avIio  had prepared  supper and an  excellent cup of tea.  A   couple   of   trout  which Joe   had  caught coming up A\rere fried for me,  and I don't think I ever tasted anything   more   savory:.  After   supp'e/  and a pipe'around  the camp fire  we  betook ourselves to the spruce brush  and blanket bed, snugly prepared in  into   the   sunshine   again, and   two  We left Northport at 2 p. m. and  the route along the Columbia river  nortlward was delightful.   The train  rushed along the bank, opening up j petition  splendid vistas of such scenery as  is : praying  only seen   in the   great Nortlnvest.  The steamer for Trail left Northport  about ten minutes before Ave did, and  soon Ave caught up with  her, passed  her,  and  Avhizzed  around a  three-  mile curve of the river with a shingly  bea"h on the one  hand and a rocky  bluff on the other.    At  the  head  of  the curve Ave could look back doAvn  the broad bosom of the Columbia and  see the steamer, looking very small  in   mid   stream, laboriously   puffing  her Avay   against   the   current, and  then another curve hid her from our  sight.    Asjain the circular movement  was   repeated, and   again   Ave   emerged   on   the horn of  the curve  to  have one  more look down  the river,  giving us another and a last  vieAv of  the steamer as a speck in the distance.  Boundary City is an untidy   heap  of buildings of all shapes and'sizes,  for all the world as if some  had taken a shovelful  miles further reached Burnt creeK.  The trail could be easily converted  into a Avagon road,  as there are very  tew grades, and most of these could  be overcome by  means of bridges.  Taking one ,pait Avith  another, I be  lieve a first-class  wagon road  from  Erie to Craigtown could be constructed  tor $900 a mile, and above Craigtown  the  expense avouIcI certainly  not be  more, as the chief labor would con  sist in the felling of big trees.   It is  confidently   hoped that the government   Avill   open up this   great and  exceedingly rich   mining district by  building a wagon  road this fall.    A  has   been sent   to  Victoria |  for the  early   accomplish-  ! ment   of   this   absolutely  necessary  i means   of communication  with   the  j railway, and thee is little doubt that  ! the increased revenue from the North  Fork district  Avould soon recoup the  government for such an outlay.  Craigtown AAras reached at 7:30.  Not bad time, all things considered.  The town is on the other side ot the  river, and Ave crossed on a substan  tial bridge which  is Avide enough for  looking  gigantic Titan  of dwellings from the slums of some  big town and thrown them down in a  bunch at the boundary. Nevertheless, these weather-beaten, rough-  sawn houses Avere all gay.with flags.  Some ot them sported no less than  three of the star-spangled emblems  fi-om the apex ot their roof, some  two, and it was a poor kind of shanty  that did not flaunt one of these saci-ed  pieces of cloth to the breeze. I  learned that this flag-flying was only  the usual, every diy routine. T'le  inhabitants Avere only proclaiming to  the passing Avorld. that they were free  and" enlightened citizens of "the  greatest nation on earth."  We   cross  the   turbulent,    foamv  Pend d'Oreille river at its confluence  with the Columbia, and  the dash of  its miniature waves are seen agitating  the big river far out to its verv cen- \  ter.    Waneta is a spot a feAv  hands'  breadth in extent, Avith just room tor ,  a custom house and hotel.    The next'  place is SayAvard, where  there is a  stage in   waiting to take  passengers  to Trail.    There is a very good level  site here  and room for a tolerable  tAvo wagons abreast, and, with its  approaches, a bout 100 feet long. The  hotel business is at present carried on  in tAvo separate buildings, the one  containing the bar and bedrooms being not quite finished. In the other  ��� building is the dining room, and Ave  were not long in discovering the trail  ; which led to it. Angus Beaton,  formerly of Grrand Forks, Dakota, is  the genial host, and his welcome was  cordially supplemented by Mrs.  Beaton, the only.woman in the tOAvn.  The tab'e was well supplied, considering the fact that every comestible  used here (except brook trout, which  are very plentiful), has to be packed  up from Erie on horseback. The nvo  houses mentioned are exceedingly  well built of whip-sawed lumber,  chiefly Avhite pine, Avich log foundations and split cedar shingles. Mr.  Bringgold is the CraigtoAvn carpenter  and builder, and a better Avorkman,  judging from the specimens of his  handicraft to be seen everywhere, is  not to be found in  West Kootenay.  the little 6xS wedge'shaped tent.  Next day I did a lot of mountain  climbing and  visited   a number of  claims, some   with a   good   deal   of  work   done on   them.    The  Second  Relief claim,   owned  by G. W. McKay,   is a first-class property.    Mr.  McKay was at work alone, drilling,  when   we came  upon him.    He  has  opened  two or three fine  ledges on  the claim, each of them 12 feet Avide,  and has quite a lot of oi-e piled  up.  Some of it   has assayed $90 in gold  and IA per cent, copper.  The Ida D. adjoins this, and has a  good shoAvittg for the work done.  The two claims adjoining it on the  north���the Emma B. and Nellie B.  ���are also good properties, and all  three belong to Messrs. Read and  Jones, of Rossland. The Emma B.  has a splendid vein of quartz, which,  although small, is very rich in gold,  an assay in Rossland recently sIioav-  ing a value of $1490.00 in gold to the  ton. Of course, the rock carrying  such a quantity of the precious metal  is a very small vein, but the assay is  so high that the claim must be classed  as one of the highest value.  On Pina Alto mountain the Good  Hope group, OAvned by Cummings &  Gallon, has about 25 feet of shaft  work done, and the ore assays high.  On the Waffle, a claim adjoining the  Good Hope, S. L. Myers, of Rossland,  has men at work, and is packing in  large quantities of supplies, smith's  tool's, anvil, belloAvs, grindstone,  wheelbarrows, etc., and work is to  be pushed vigorously. The showing  ot mineral is really fine, and the belief is entertained that this property  will be one of the big ones of the  camp.  The Eddystone, about four miles  northwest of Craigtown, has an immense ledge, well mineralised. It is  quite 300 feet wide and can be traced  the length of three claims. Six miles  north of this, at the headwaters of the  North Fork, the Drummond, owned  by Raimey ��& Shelton, is already a  mine. It is a copper proposition, and  for the amount of work done it is a  bonanza. I was told the figures of  the assay, and I remember thev  were high in copper and gold, but as  I cannot be exact I must omit both.  The Iron Cap, owned by Read & McKinnon of Rossland, has a very fine  showing of cube iron and a great deal  of copper. No assay has been taken,  but that the ore will run quite high  is the opinion of everyone who has  seen it.    They have crosscut on   the  three miles from Erie on the same  trail. On the Anacortes and Ana-  cortes Belle, owned by Peterson &  Knudson, an 18-foot shaft and a 16-  foot tunnel have been done as assessment work, and on both claims a fine  vein of copper and iron was struck.  On the Last Chance, owned by Payne  & Wilson, a tunnel ba3 been driven  12 feet, and the ledge is well defined.  Amongst the other claims on which  assessment work has been done with  excellent showings are the Marguerite, Sunnyside, Little Mabel, Angeles,  St. Jacob's group and others, Nearer  Erie the Canadian King and Arlington will be in a position to ship ore  very soon. There is said to be a  huge copper belt over a mile in  width at the head of Granite creek,  above Craigtown, and the fact seems  to be authenticated from the high percentage of copper carried in the ore  in that particular section. Mark Gilliam has a good thing not far from  Craigtown, and he intends to pack  out a carload as a trial shipment,  There are some scores of excellent  properties not mentioned in this  article, simply because it was impossible to obtain reliable particulars  during ray short stay; but I think  enough has been shown to necessitate the building of a wagon road  without delay. The ledges all over  the district are more or less mineralised at the surface, and the present  showing is much better than was the  case in Trail Creek at a similar stage  in its history.  There are tAvo packtrains fully employed betAveen Erie, Craigtown and  the various mines along the trail, the  rate being about 3 cents per pound.  Mr. Richter has quite a large number  of horses on the route and Frank  Jackson has also several horses and  mules.  Erie is an ideal townsite, the ground  being quite level the whole width of  the valley, which is of considerable  width here. There are two streams  of water coming down from the west  arid northwest and a lake or pond of  about three-fourths of a mile in length  adjoins the tOAvnsite on the south.  Boating and fishing are to be obtained  right in the town, the fishing here  being probably even better than at  Craigtown. Several flat-bottom  boats are anchored in the stream and  a new keel boat, prettily painted  Avhite, Avith blue stripes and nicely  cushioned seats, is on the stocks ready  for launching.  There is a'bakery, stores, tAvo hotels,  barber shop and several private dAArell-  ings, as well as a newly built and  painted station. It is a pretty place  and a delightful holiday resort. The  rates at the hotels are from SI .25 to S2  a clay.  If Erie becomes the smelter toAvn of  such a rich mineral district I shall not  be surprised. R. W. Nortuby.  The  *����?3  Hotel, in New Denver, has been enlarged  and all the rooms plastered. New carpets  and new furniture throughout make the house  a marvel of comfort and elegance. With  28 rooms, arid its beautiful situation amidst tl}��  finest scenery in America, this hotel is unsurpassed in all Kootenay.  H. STEGE, Prop.  M ERIC AN  Mining & Milling Co.  Rand & Wallbridge,  Mining and Stock Brokers,        , .  Sole Agents for Sale of Treasury Stock.  To dine at the Filbert, in Sandon,  should be the aim of all lovers of good  living. - *" f  KNOX BRO  Great  Specialty  is everything: in the line  of Restaurant and Bar  Silverware. We handle  only the celebrated  Rodger Bros'  184<  Knives, Forks, Spoons,  Ladles, Bar Spoons,  Lemon Knives, etc.  Special rates on all  such orders. See our  latest and most artistic  designs of jewelry.  Never-Sweat  Is the best  remedy in the world  for sore and sweaty feet. .......  The German Army  use it, and are not troubled with  their feet..   Get it at NELSON & CO.'S DRUG STORE,   _ New Denver.  VICTORIA,   B. C.  Turner, Beeton & Co.  Wholesale Merchants, Shippers and Importers.  Kootenay Branch���NELSON, B. C.  LONDON.   ENG.  A large stock of all sized bags always on hand in Nelson  ocan  NEW DENVER, B.C.  Is a new house, with new furniture and everything comfortable  for the taaveling public. The bar has the best goods in the  market. ANGRIGNON BROS., Proprietors.  NEW  DENVER,  Dealers in  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the neces-1  sary medicines free of charge. ;  All serious cases  Avill   be admitted j  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privilege s of theabove.  For further information applv to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  New Denyer, B.C.  Hardware,  Miners' Supplies,  Tin   and   Graniteware,  Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  SLOCAN CITY, B.C.  The Clifton House,  ledge for seven feet.  The  American Eagle  and   Mascot  The  bedsteads in  the hotel are  his  Avork and will compare favorably | are tAvo very promising claims owned  Avith the factory-made article any- i by Read ��& Jones. They are about  Avhere.    Mr. Bringgold is a quiet, un-l 2000 feet south ol the  White  House  ostentatious, elderly man, and is  justly proud of his handiwork. After  some of the jerry-built houses in  Rossland such excellent work Avas a  revelation.  There is a toy store, where a good  cash business is being carried on by  the Kane Brothers, who left Rossland  for Alaska about 18 months ago, and  returned from Juneau last March.  They carry a full supply of prospector's   necessaries, and   a   feAv of the  and about a mile from the Whitewater, which is fast becoming the  banner mine of the summit camp.  There are about 50 men doing assessment work around here.  At Craigtown IsaAV some excellent  specimens ot galena from the Robert  J., OAvned by the Kane Brothers, and  many samples of rich looking ore  from claims I had no lime to visit.  The Mannamead is not far from the  trail and the Arlington mine is only  BOURNE  BROS.,  DE.. LERS IN  GENERAL  MERCHANDISE,  MINERS'  SUPPLIES,  DOORS, SASH,  OATS,   BRAIN,    tTC.  NEW DENVER,  B.C.  Sandon.  H.-is ample accommodations for a large number of [>eopIe. The rooms aro large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything in the market.  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Bucklej\ Prop.  Vancouver Sash & Door Co.,  Amalgamated with Genelle & Co.  Prepared to furnish  Rough and Coast Dressed Lumber,  Sash & Doors, Moulding, Finishings, Etc.  Office. Warehouse and Yard:  Nakusp, B.C.  NAKUSP.  J. B. McGHIE, Local manager G  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B C, AUGUST 5, ISO7.  Fourth Year  THE   WEALTHIEST   WIDOW.  " The Countess of Monte Cristo "is  the title Chileans have given Donna  Isadora Cousino, the wealthiest woman  in all South America. In fact, there are  few persons in the world richer than she.  Her money is seemingly inexhaustible  and her disbursements are limitless.  Senora Cousino comes of a distinguished  family. Some of her ancestory figure  prominently in rhe annals of Old Spain.  Before the union of Arragon with Castile,  one of her forefathers held an important  command beneath the banner of Arragon  and Avas one of the leading spirits in the  consummation of the alliance. One of  her ancestors Avas among the first to  seek his fortune in the New World. He  was a thrifty soul. He came to AA-hat is  noAv tlie Republic of Chile���a narrow  strip of country along the Pacific Coast,  Availed in on tlie east by the snow-mantl-  ed Andean Cordilleras and on the west  Avashcd by six thousand miles of sea���  and in the division of the lands and  spoils of the conquest he obtained a  large share, Avhich he kept and gradually  increased by adding the lands given to  .bis less careful neighbors. His descendantsfollowing in his footsteps and greatly and persistently increased the family's  possessions.  The father of Senora Cousino avus the  richest man in Chile. She being the  only child, this  immense estate eventu-  . ally became hor own. Thirty years ago  she became the Avife of Senor Cousino,  whose possessions, acquired in a some-  Avhat similar manner, were second only  to hers. The consolidation of these two  estates made their owners famous as one  of the wealthiest fnnilies in the Avorld.  At his death, ten years ago, Senor  Cousino bequeathed all his AA'ealth to his  wife, making her the sole possessor of  millions of acres of land and millions in  money. This Avoman's Avealth has been  variously estimated, some placing it as  high as   sixty-five   millions of dollars.  , She lias hundreds of thousands of cattle  and sheep; blocks upon blocks of real  estate in the tAA'o chief cities of Chile,  Valparaiso and Santiago; many copper,  coal, and silver mines; a small fleet of  steamers, smelting-works, tAvo railroads,  and numerous other pieces of productive  property which yield her an income of  several millions a year.  Senora Cousino oavus   the   only coal  mines in  South  America,  from  which  she has an income of seventy-five thousand dollars per month.   She enjoys a  monopoly in this fuel, as those Avho will  not buy of her. must import their coal  from England.    Her coal trade extends  from Panama te the Straits of Magellan,  and around Cape Horn to the ports of  Uruguay and  Argentine.   All this coal  is   shipped   in   her   oavii   vessels���iron  steamers oi capacities  ranging from two  thousand to four thousand  tons���which  were built in  France.    The dirty little  mining town of Lota, hidden away in the  hills some one hundred miles belew Valparaiso,  is owned   by  Senora Cousino,  and here she spends most of her time,  looking sharply after her interests.    She  practically makes her home in a small  unpainted house in this smoky place, although but a feAv miles distant she has a  mansion which'cost her a million dollars  to build,    It stands  in the centre of the  most magnificent private park in  the  world���an area of three nundred acres of  land laid out Avith  marvelous  skill, embellished Avitli marble statuary, plashing  fountains,  playful brooks,  silvery   cas-  cades.gravelled Avalks Avinding invitingly  beneath beautiful trees, cool caves where  lurk   dim  shadows,  fantastic   grottoes,  suggestive   of  elves   and   sprites,   and  everyA\'here   a   beAvilderingprofusion   of  flowers, bright and  fragrant and almost  endless in variety.    It requires the labor  of forty gardeners,  hired by the vear to  keep the place in trim.  There   is   another   park and palatial  residence, a short distance from Santiago  belonging to "the widow."   This is part  of "Macul," the most valuable hacienda  in Chile, if not in all  the southern continent.    It is not surpassed anyAvhere.  The   estate   proper   extends   from   the  suburbs of the capital,   through a broad  and fertile valley,. far into the Andes,  whose snoAv-crested peaks mark its east-  ,   ern boundary.    Here is great stretches  of cultivated fields,  orchards and  vineyards, Avhile upon  the  hills  graze  immense herds and flocks.    The sherry and  claret from  the  vineyards of  "Macul"  have a wide-spread reputation for excellence, and the Chileans Avill buy no  other   than   that which   bears   Senora  Cousino's label.    Chileans, Avith all their  faults,are staunch patriots,firm believers  in patronizing home industries, and they  all have  an  admiration  for the widow  which   is   akin   to   idolatry.     On   this  hacienda she has some very fine imported stock, both  cattle and horses.    Her  racing-stable is the most numerous and'  successful in South America.    She is an  ardent devotee of the turf,  and never  misses a Chilean racing meet, invariably  betting heavily on her oavii horses.  Last  season her Avinnings Avere over tAvo hundred thousand dollars,   Avhich she, as is  her custom, divided among her stable  employees    and    the    poor.     Besides  "MacuP'the Avidow has another extensive  estate about forty  miles north  of Santiago, and several others in various parts  of the republic.  In Chile, farming is carried on much  as it was in Europe in feudal times.   The  rural districts are composed of extensive  farms���thousands of acres in area���oavii-  ed by people who lived  in the cities and  leave  the   property in   care  of agents.  Here are found but tAvo classes of people  ���the landlords and  tenants; the former very ricn  and the  latter exceedingly  poor.    These   estates   are   dotted   with  small  houses,    standing   amid   bits   of  garden-patches, Avherein the tenants, or  peons, reside,  paying  their  rent by so  many days' labor each year.    For labor  outside of that Avhich is required for the  payment of rent  the  tenant is paid, not  in money, but in orders upon the su'pplv  store of the estate.    Tenants are kept in  debt, for the reason that the Chilean law  forbids a laborer to leave an employer to  whom he  oAves money.    This is what is  called   "peonage"   or,   in  other  words,  slavery.   For tlie Chilean peon the future  holds no hope  of  better  things.    However, lie does not care, so long as he has  plenty to  eat and   drink and  a  bit of  money witn .which  to gamble.    lie Avas  reared  in this   Avay   and   knoAvs of   no  other.    His   fathers   before    him    Avere  peons���"dum   driven   cattle"���and  his  sons  Avill   folloAV   in his  footsteps.    The  peon is attached to his-master and is ever  ready to fight for him.    Feudal wars arc  kept  up   between estates, lake  the old  family  feuds  which   Ave re   corninoii   iu  Europe  during  the  .Middle   Ages,  and  bloody encounters are of frequent occurrence! Senor Cousino, if she so desired,  could muster three thousand able-bodied  peons from her farms.  in the capital, Santiago, she has four  large and handsome 'nouses���one of  which was the former home of Henry  Meigg-s, the California absconder. This  is an "elegant residence, superbly finished within and Avithout, and built of  red cedar, resembling in style a New-  ��� port'villa. The others are' of stone,  fashioned after the Spanish plan, the  interiors being- elaborately decorated  and furnished. Her rentals from her  real estate in the cities of Santiago and  Valparaiso alone amount to four hundred thousand dollars a year.  Chileans think there is a strain of  Hebrew blood in the widow, as she is a  wonderful manager- and famous for  driving- close bargains. Her numerous  agents and superintendents are required to rend her weekly, reports, and they:  say there is no u se, trying to fool her.  Every cent must be accounted for. She  has a'genius for detail which is a constant source of worry to,her employees.  She Avatcht's the sinall things and is  quick to 'reprimand. However, in  direct opposition to all this, she is generous to a fault. Her extravagance- is  princely, limitless." Whatever she fancies she will buy, regardless of cost  Her collection of diamonds is one of the  finest in the world. Her toilets are  made in Paris, but seldom worn. Her  gifts are as munificent as they are minions. Last year she presented to the  city of Santiago a beautiful park of one  hundred acres. Avith a race-course attached.  The American daily papersdclight i.i  depicting Senora Cousino as youthful  and heantiful in appearance,as a matter  of fact she is a shabby-looking little  Avoman, and a brunette. Fifty-five  years have penciled deep wrinkles'upon  her face���a face plain almost to ugliness  ���and placed croAv's-feet about those  wonderfully keen black eyes.    Her hair  PHOTOGRAPHIC MYSTERIES.  is streaked Avith  was  black  as a  (though it once  "raven's -wing), over  Avhich a plain black mantilla is usually  worn. She is very energetic and remarkably active, though she limps  slightly."owing to sciatica.  Naturally, the Avidow is a pleasant-  tempered woman, but in the last few  years neuralgia has made her irritable,  AArhich seriously interfers with the comfort of those 'who have business with  her.   She  says she Avill never marry  again.    If she does,  she Avill have to  make the   proposal,   as   there   is   no  Chilean who has the courage to propose  to her.    At present there" is a young  Englishman, with rosy cheeks and a  large mustache, to whom she took a  sudden fancy,  who is  attached to her  establishment in the   role   of   private  secretary.    The  widow,   however, is  very fickle, and this agreeable young  man "will doubtless soon be cast aside,  like many others before him.    She has  three children���tAvo  daughters and a  son.   The girls are quite pretty, bright,  and very popular in society, but neicaei  has thus far shown evidence of possessing any of her mother's business genius  The sbn,   however,  a young- man of  about  thirty,   has   developed  into   a  steady, industrious, and excellent busi-  ne.s 'man.   He seldom   takes   part in  social affairs, is very economical, and ih  quite decided in ,'his stand against his  mother's . extravagance.���Albert Clay-  pool White in Argonaut.  TWO OF A KIND.  Bat  the I>ry Goods Salesman Objected to  Fellowship With the Puller In.  A smart looking and well dressed  gentleman lounged in the elevator entrance of a Broadway wholesale dry  goods Avareliouse. Apparently his sole  occupation was watching the faces of  passersby. Now and then he would  make a feint at starting for some passing figure and then generally resume  bis listless attitude against the dooi  jamb. At last he did make a frantic  dive for a stout gentleman who was  passing. Unfortunately a crowd of pedestrians obstructed his purpose, and  before he could clutch the arm of the  stout gentleman, who was a buyer for a  well known retail store, another smart  looking, wrll dressed gentleman, whe  had been lounging at the elevator entrance of another wholesale dry goods  warehouse, darted out, seized the stout  gentleman by the hand and had him in  the elevator in a moment.  That same afternoon the first mentioned of the two smart looking, -well  dressed gentlemen was %ralking from  Worth street to the bridge on Park row  and had nearly reached Baxter street  when a tough young man seized him bj  the arm.  "Say, boss, can't I sell yon a first  class overcoat? Our goods is de best or  de row, an we'll makede price to fityei  pocket.  See? Conic in an let me"���  He tugged vigorously as he said this,  and the gentleman was growing red ir  the face.  "Let go my coat, yon blackguard, 01  I'll have you arrested 1" he shouted,  struggling to shake off the other's  clutch.  "Oh, no, you won't! We're in d��  same biz. See? Jes' come in an look  ever our goods. I'm sure we can snil  you."  With a violent wrench the gentleman  shook himself free and turned indignantly on the puller in:  "If I could see a police officer, I'd  have yon arrested, you"��� Then words  failed.  ".No, you wouldn't. Yer not'n bet-  ter'n a puller in yerself. I'ze seen you  on Broadway layin fur people an yank-  in 'em in jes' es we do. Yer jes' a puller in, same as I am, but you ain't got nc  pride nor sympat'y in de biz. See!"  . And the smart looking, well dressed  gentleman hurried off without saying  yea or nay or uttering a protest. The  canker of comparison had entered his  soul.���New York Sun.  The   Surprising:  Image*  That   Sometime*  Show After a Plate Is Dercloped.  It is no uncommon experience to find  upon new plates certain images for  which there seems no possible explanation, their startling and unaccountable  appearance being"wropt in mistry,"  causing astonishment not unmixed with  nncanny feeling. A gentleman made  an exposure upon the interior of a  friend's house. He was doubtful of the  time and proceeded to develop for under exposure. To his great surprise the  plate developed quickly, and to his  greater surprise the image was an interior quite different from that upon  which he had exposed. The plate was  from a fresh box and conld not possibly  have had a previous exposure.  Another instance of the kind, having  quite a  sensational and tragic ending,  is   on  record.    An exposure was made  upon a view having a river in the foreground.   The  photographer, while  developing this peculiar plate, was perfectly   astounded    by   an    appearance  which he had not seen while taking the  photograph, and  for which he could in  no  way  account.   On  completing the  development there was plainly revealed in the foreground of the picture the  figure of a woman, apparently floating.;  upright in the water.   Not many weeks j  after, to complete the mystery, the body I  of a woman was found in the river al j  the exact spot where  the photograph '  had been taken.  Again, not long since, the daily pa- |  pers were agitated over the account oi !  a traveling photographer who, upon  making an exposure upon the exterioi  of a reputed haunted house, discovered  at one of the windows a portrait of the  murdered roan through whom the  house had gained its' evil name. In another case three distinct images, having  no connection one with the other, were  impressed upon a single film. The plate  was exposed upon a garden in the evening-���nothing remarkable being seen���  but when placed in the developer a  man's hat of old fashioned shape, a  child's dress and a dog were distributed over the image of the garden.  Such  mysterious  images were more  common in the days of wet plates than  now.   A few years back Professor Burton investigated the matter. Upon tracing   back  the history of the glass he  found that it  had been used for other  films, and  that the  images which appeared undoubtedly arose from  the remains  of previous  images.    The   old  glass was  thus proved to be the source  of  the ghosts; it only deepened the scientific mystery, while it cleared away  the supernatural.   The glass traced by  Burton   bad   been   washed   for   some  weeks, immersed  in strong nitric acid,  and every meana taken  to insure chemical cleanliness, yet in spite of all this  enough energy remained latent to form  a developable image upon the new film, i  whether by cfaemioal or physical force i  remains to  be discovered.    A complete j  solution  of the  difficulty would prob- |  ably throw considerable  light upon the j  nature of the photographic  images in j  general.   At least, it  seems to indicate j  that light is not absolutely essential in '  the formation  of latent  images in a j  flonsitive film.���American  Journal oi |  Photography.  MUSIC  FOR THE EMPEROR.  SPANKING AN   ELEPHANT.  Remarkable   Occurrence  In   Which   One  Animal Had to Punish Another.  Did you ever see an elephant spanked:  Scarcely, for they don't do such things  in this country, but they do in India.  Captain Martin of the British army,  stationed at Campbellpore, vouches foi  this story: Elephant Abdul (No. 15)  was on trial for killing his keeper, Syce  Bamboucles, by picking him up by the  legs and crushing his skull against a  tree.  The president of the court martial was  Major Cameron  of   the Thirty-fourth i  Hagras native  infantry.    He  read the  charge, and then witnesses proved  that j  Abdul was gailty as charged. The pres- j  ident then sentenced  the culprit to 50  lashes and to two years' imprisonment.  Two elephants led Abdul to an open  space, and in the presence of the whole  battery the punishment began. The culprit trumpeted in fear and made an unearthly noise.  There were 14 elephants on one Bide  and the officers and men of the battery  on the other three. In the center of this  hollow square stood Lalla (No. 1), the  Cogger, and the prisoner. The latter  was chained by the four legs to as many  heavy iron pegs and could not move.  Fastened to Lalla's trunk was an immense cable chain. When all was ready,  the major gave the word, and down  came the chain with a resounding  whack. Abdul roared for all he was  worth. Fifty times was the operation  repeated, and then Abdul was taken to  a compound, where he remained a prisoner for two years.���New York Journal.  h.  Pathetic   Bit   of   History   Concerning  Frederick William of Germany.  A charming and pathetic bit of  history concerning the Emperor Frederick  i William of Germany, who died in 1888,  ! was once written  by Mr. E.   von Ha-  gen, and  entitled "The First and Last  Adagio."   In substance the story ran as  follows:  |     In  1844 the future emperor of Germany was  a  lad  of  13.    One day as  ; Eeichardt, his music master, was about  to leave him at the close of a lesson, the  young prince  asked him to wait a mo-  I ment.  "Herr Eeichardt," said he, "my fa-  ; ther's birthday, the 2 2d of March, will  ! soon be here, and Dr. Curtius thinks it  I would be very nice if I were to learn a  \ new piece as a surprise for him on that  ! day. Will you kindly choose something  ' that you think might do? Only, mind,  | it must be very difficult, so that papa  ; shall see I have taken great pains, as  that will please him more . than any-.  ! thing else. What he likes best is one of  ! those soft, slow pieces with a great deal  of expression in it."  Herr Reichardt turned over his music, and by and by paused a moment as  if considering whether a certain piece  would answer the purpose.  "Have yon found me something?"  asked the prince.  "I am afraid your royal highness is  hardly far enough advanced," replied  Reichardt, "This is so very difficult. It  is the adagio from Schumann's sonata  in F sharp minor, but it won't do, I  fear. There is so little time in which to  learn it."  "Ah, but Herr Reichardt," broke in  the prince, "I will work so hard! Do  please let *oe have it. Ir. must do���it  shall do."  By dint of great trouble and perseverance the task was finally accomplished,  and on the 2 2d of March the young  prince played Schumann's grand movement quite correctly and with much  feeling, to his father's great surprise  r*nd pleasure.  As a reward for his industry Prince  Frederick William received a turning  lathe fitted up with every necessary implement, and great was his excitement  and delight.  Forty-four years later the beloved  Emperor Frederick lay dying in the castle of Friedrichskron. During the last  few days of his life he was unable to  speak, but his family and those around  him interpreted his signs, so that he was  almost entirely spared the trouble of  writing.  Four days before he died, when the  empress inquired if there were any thing  he wished, he waited a moment and  then, with both hands, imitated the  movement of a pianist.  " Will it not be too much for you?"  asked the emnress. The emperor shook  his head and then wrote on his tablet:  "I should so like to hear some music.  Could not Rufer, Victoria's master,  come and play something?"  A message was sent, and the composer  of "Merlin" came at once and seated  himself at the piano in the room next to  the emperor's, the folding doors having  been opened. He played piece after  piece, to the emperor's evident pleasure,  till at last the empress said to the invalid gently:  ' 'Are yon sure this does not tire you?  I am so afraid the excitement may do  you harm."  The emperor smiled and wrote on his  tablet: "Just one more.   I should like j  an adagio from one of the sonatas.  That '  shall really be the very last." i  The musician received the message j  and again began to play. The sick man  beckoned to the empress and wrote  these words with feverish haste: "Forty-four years ago I learned this very  adagio and played it to my father on  his birthday, of course not so well as he  plays it. It is out of the sonata in F  sharp minor. Very beautiful! Please  thank Rufer. This is the last. Now I  will go to sleep."  It was indeed the last earthly mnsio  to which he ever listened���a tender  farewell from the art he loved most  dearly.���Youth's Companion.  W��80��8l>f (WtgittWWWm ��8#W(6KPOlW&OOWCKfl#<<M  A full line of  Drugs,  Patent Medicines,  Rubber Goods,  Stationery & Cigars.  ��  Prescriptions accurately and  Carefully Dispensed.  R. 0. Matheson,  Proprietor.^^f^K^C'  -  -*���'". -*���    <%>  ���%���    *%���    "%���  I  |  are  If you  take a copy  j-%, ^ <fe, ^.  J ^ 4M> "%>.  !**���    ^    -%-    ^  I     -^    ���&���    -*���  "^    -^    ^��    ~^  i     ^   '.-%���    ."%���     -  ';+>       '+-        ^        "^  ,-%���    -*-    ^    1*:'   '  ;     ���+>    <*���    -%>"  i The assessment is $2 in dust,  ! Nuggets, or anything of Commercial value  going  you.  journey  It  to  to the Klondike  of THE LEDGE with  will cheer  you on  the  that   mecca   of sold  M  vert  "32EE2SBB3SSSSBS  OBSESS  Kfnusarcs  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is the leading hotel of the  city, and headquarters for  Minina'. and Commercial men.  The house is new, the rooms  all plastered, and  ture in  use is  of  the farm-,  the latest  1?8SS��5����S       and most serviceable patterns  The service in the Dining room is the best that can be  i rovided. The bar is replete with the best wines, liq;u .rs  and Cigars.       t  jfiaan  axesmsms  McCONNELL &  PURCELL.  Never Tested Him.  "He's a fine young man," remarked  Colonel Stillwell, "a very fine young  man."  "But isn't he disposed to be rather  shy?" inquired the girl to whom he was  talking.  "As to that, I re'ly couldn't say. I  nevah had the pleasure of playing poker  with him.''���Louisville Courier-Journal.  Bright Boy.  "What's your occupation, bub?" asked a visitor at the ci.pitol of a bright  boy whom he met in ihe corridor. The  bey happened to be a page in the White  House. "I'm running for congress, sir,"  ,������'-.-1. -���--Tni'iniiuii iiir,emgencer.  OTEL SANDON,  vA   tT\   t^   vK   ^   7ft  Sandon, B.C.  THIS NEW HOUSE, with the.old name, is  well equipped to accommodate a large  number of Guests. The buiiding is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  BMMMMWHitgaC  rr'rmmwHmmtmMMmmmmHimrMmmt^Bm  Mrs. S, S. Warner.  fliss E. P. Case.  BLamK'Ghi, ex-king of Anam, whom  the French art keeping as a prisoner of  state at Algiers, occupies his leisure  with paintiiis and intends to send some  of his pictures before long to the salon.  He is also a musician and regrets that  he is unable ;o appreciate Wagner.  Is a new house, newly furnished in the latest style:   has the benefits of all modern conveniences,  electric lighted, steam heated, bath rooms, etc.        It has large, airy rooms  and  affords  the most comfortable  When   Heine was   in   love, he was so  jealous   that   he   poisoned <'i parrot   be-  and commodious accommodations in the Kootenay.  and o-et the best room in town at no greater expense.  t-i  Go direct to The Langham when you arrive in Kaslo,  This house offers special inducements to large parties  lo  l;   tn   iiis    mistress  for   fear   it  clui::: too much of her affection.  or resident families.  Corner 5th and Avenue A.  ^UJJSMlMIUU'ltmm.-IB^^  B��BllHUMMJBM��l��IIM��B��|liMait Fourth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUGUST 5, 1897.  A   HIRSUTE    INQUIRY.  Darling, I am growing old���  Husli���I know what you would say:  I can hen r you sweetly murmur  You will love me when I'm gray.  When my hair is streaked with white  And I am by age enthralled.  But, my darling, tell me this���  Will you love me when I'm bald V  Will you love me when I'm bald-  When I've bid goodbye to hair���  When my pate so shiny smooth  Reflects your lovely image there '!  Will you love me when I'm bald  With an ardor naught can check-  When my silken locks are gone  When my forehead meets my neck?  Will you love me when Pm bald,  Doting on my shining dome-  When to part my hair I must  Use a towel for a lonili 'i  Will you love me when I'm bald,  When my poll gleams rosy pink  As I watch the ballet girl���        ; '  Will you love me r   I don't tlimk.  ���A. Balde.scent.  STUMBING   OF   A   BURRO.  Story   of ;tho   Millionaire Who Put  End "to his Life in 'California,.  an  Through the stumbling footsteps of a  burro Nicholas C. Creede was elevated  to prosperity and notoriety, lie had  never aspired to anything further than  the daily fare of a mountaineer and  prospector. He seemed to have no ambition higher than the food for the morrow, and lived a life that was impenetrable to even the few inmates who gained  an insight into his confidence.  His strike at the site of what afterwards was called the camp of Creede was  simply a case of luck. Creede was out  :��� on one of his daily prospecting tours.  Like all others of his class he was accompanied by a burro for facility in  earrying tools and specimens. The  humble quadruped, whose name is  synonymous for safety and surefootedness  in climbing a bill, missed his footing,  and in the struggle to regain his balance  dug his hoofs deep into the hillside.  The effort tore a hole in the surface. A  hugh piece of rock was dragged from its  moorings, and as it received the full  rays of the sun a metallic glitter caught  the aye of Creede. It was silver of such  rich quality that he had at once realized  that his fortune was assured if he traced  the lode and succeeded in making a  location. This was not difficult, owing  to the fact that he was without any  rivals iu that district. In fact, there was  not another prospector anywhere within  fifty miles, for the terrritory was alleged  to be barren, and prospectors I steered  for more prosperous fields. A little  work opened up what was decidedly the  richest body of ore that had ever been  discovered since the great finds of carbonates at Leadville.  Creede was born in Fort Wayne, Ind.,  in 1846, aiiJ[ was taken to what was then  the Territory of Iowa by his parents  when but four years of age. Hostile Indians still roamed the plains west of  the Mississippi, and the boy was brought  up amid surrounding which accentuated  the daring and intrepidity which afterwards characterized his life as a scout  and frontiersman.  D.VKING   'lSXLOITS  In   1862   the scouts  were ordered  to  Dakota.    This was  the turning point in  Creede's life.    It was while on this expedition he first saw the Rockies.   The  troop was nearing the  big horn  range,  and the  sight  of snow in. August was  something the  Indians could not understand.     For nearly a week the   troop  camped in sight of  the  snow line, loth  to   leave  the   beautiful   sight.    A   few  years after, when Creede  was  mustered  out of service   and   had   gone home to  Iowa he remembered the mountains and,  tiring of the monotonous plains of Iowa,  once   more   set   his   face   to  the   setting sun, this time  to go  farther than  he had yet gone and  to  realize a fortune of a greatness he could not then  have  believed bad be been told.   For  a dozen  years he   had slept wherever  camp was made,  and  though it might  be thought he  would  be ready  by this  time to settle down, it must be remembered that the  true rover never settles  down; and of the  rovers  of the mountains 'and plains  "Nick"  Creede   was  .one of the truest.type.   He was now to  become a prospector and  to tramp the  mountains at  the heels  of   a  train of  burros  instead  of   scouring   the plains  mounted on a fleet, sure footed pony, as  he had done for years.  "pile," he was the object of numerous  onsets from  the army of adventuresses  who swarm about mining camps, but he  was never successfully made a victim.  Part of this may be due to the fact that  "Nick" had a protector in the person of  a woman,  of iwhose name and antecedents hardW any one is familiar���the  woman he  married.   Creede  was very  ill at one time, and the woman nursed  him through his illness.  After the strike  in the Amethyst, Creede  went down to  Del Norte, where the woman was at that  time living, and brought her to the head  of the Willows, where he installed her in  a house made of factory d6ors  and windows  and  Chicago lumber,  with a real  shingle roof.   There was  no formality  such   as   a   marriage.     This   was   not  thought  necessary   until   the    woman  evinced a desire to  shine in  the society  of the towns of lower altitude.    A move  was made to Pueblo, but it was unsuccessful���if entree to society was what the  move was made for���and not long after  the move there another was made  to  Lower California, where the once daring  scout and later solitary prospector settled down on a demure fruit ranch, about  as nearly the opposite to a mining camp  as may well be imagined.    What caused  the quarrel between him  and Ins wife is  one of the things that Creede successfully concealed from the world.  After the removal of Creede and his  wife to Los Angeles, where his death  occurred, tl ley agreed to separate. Creede  gave his wife* $20,000 in cash as the price  of her departure from his house. The  object of this was to enable him to secure  a divorce on the ground of desertion after  tlie expiration of the statutory period.  The wife did this, and since she had released all'her legal rights, is not now a  beneficiary of his estate.  ! that shone   in "papa's   eyes," and   the  century   and   the   boy   having    been  \ young'together, grew'old in  company,  | too.    Finally,   age   began   to   tell   on  j them;-the, century got troubled Avith a  complaint   designated "fin   de  siecle,"  and  the boy lost his  memory for the  things of today, but became abnormally  reminiscent in regard to the past.    His  thoughts often turned back to the young  mother long dead, and in the decline of  of life he had as clear a mental  picture  of her as his boyish eyes had ever seen.  One evening, having- pushed his spectacles on   top of his  head and   hunted  I everywhere,   for   them   vainly, he   sat  I musing before the fire, when suddenly  ! a flood of light illuminated that dark  ! corner of his "memory  where hung the  j picture of that small edition of himself  I losing or "putting away" the ring.   He  sprang to his feet with "an excited cry  BLACK COLT MINERAL CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   Joins  the Hinckley on the south: a  relocation of  the Montana.  '���PAKE NOTICE. That I. C. A. Stoess, of Kaslo;  1   B C. acting as agent for tlie Hinckley and  Black   Colt,  Mining Company,  Limited, free  miner's certificate No, 81.(150, intend, sixty days  from tlie date hereof,  to  apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certiiicate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  aI>ove claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section  37, must  be   commenced before the  issuance of such certiiicate of Improvements.  Dated this 17th day of .July, 1807.  section  37,   must   be  commenced  Jjefore the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 24th day of May, 1897.  my27-;y27 CHARLES MOORE.  RICHMOND, STAR VIEW AND EMPIRE NO. i;  MINERAL CLAIMS.  "The   ring!   The  I  slipped   it  down the crack in the window  The    one    that    looks    out    on    the  orchard!"  Upon investigation the ring was  brought from its long- hiding place,  which was the exact spot the old man  had described.  MARCH   MINERAL   CLAIM.  "Freddie, why did you drop the baby  on the floor?" "Well, I heard everybody say it is a bouncing baby and I  wanted to see it bounce."  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located:���On  Slocan Lake, adjoining the Town of Silver-  ton on the south.  ffAKE NOTICE that I, C. W. Callahan, Free  1 Miner's Certificate No. 74G15, intend, sixty-  days from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements,  for tlie purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  C.   W.   CALLAHAN  Dated this 4th day of June, 1897.  OTTAWA   NO.   2   MINERAL   CLAIM.  NUGGETS   OF   PURE   GOLD.  Picked    Up  In   the   Creeks  Guiana.  of    Dutch  Deacon���"Boys! boys! you should not  play marbles to-day.* Sunday is a day  of rest, you know." "Yes,  knows it, but we ain't tired, sir  si r,  we  "Are you married?" asked an inquisitive five-year-old of a visitor. "Yes,"  was the reply. "Are you?" "No, but  I've been vaccinated."'  The Filbert, in Sandon,  tiie delicate flavor of  tails.  is noted for  cc  f  its morning cock-  Situate on North side Four Mile Creek, some  Five Miles East ol" Silverton, Slocan  Mining Division of West Kootenay District.  rPAKE NOTICE that I, Alfred Driscoll, as  1 agent for Geo. Fairburn, free miners'certificate No. 78,250. Paul Anderson, free miner's  certificate No. 70.202, Charles Anderson, free  miner's certificate No. 01,825, intend. 00 days  after date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim. '  And further take notice that action as under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  A.   DRISCOLL.  Dated this 12th day of June, 1897. jel7-agl7  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Three-  quarters mile s. e. of town of Sandon.  T^AKE NOTICE, That I, R.E. Palmer, acting  1 as agent for George Gooderham. free  miner's certificate No 75189, intend, sixty days  from date hereof, to applv to the Mining Recorder for a certificate oi" improvements for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.  And farther take  notice that action, under  section   37, must l>e commenced   before   the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 29th dav of July, 1897.  R. E. PALMER.  EACH  PASSENGER  TRAINS  DAY.    \ -*, EACH   DAY.  - Between ��  Trail and  Rossland  On the-  ii k Western R'y  Run Made in one Hour.  NOTICE,  ���VTOTICE is hereby given that I intend. 60 days.  1\ after date to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to  purchase 300 acres of land, (more or less 1 situated on Glacier creek, on the opposite side of  Slocan lake from New Denver, and commencing at it post marked -'Henry Stege's s. e. corner, thence 40 chains west, thence. 40 chains  north, thence 40 chains east, thence 40 chains  south   to   place of commencement.  Located July 21,1897.  HENRY STEGE.  New Denver. July 29, 1897.  NOTICE.  No. 6 Leaves Rosslaud at 7 a.m.; Connects  the morning with Steamer at Trail.  No. 3 Leaves Trail at 8:15 a.m.; Connects  at  Rossland  with   Red  Mountain   train  for  Spokane.  No. 2 Leaves Rossland at 11:00 a.m.  No. 1 Leaves Trail at 12:30 p.m.; Connects with  CP.R. main line Steames from the north  at Trail.  No. i Leaves Rossland at 3:00 p.m.: Connects  with CP.R. main line Ste&inein ioi the  north ot Trail.  No. 5 Leaves Trail at 5:45 p.m.; Connects with  Steamer Lytton at Trail.  F. P. GUTELIUS, Gen'ISupt.  Trail. B.C., June 4,1897.  OIXTY  i>   the  "The recent activity in the Surinam  gold industry of Dutch Guiana," said  M. A. Krueger, a New York importer,  at the Windsor, who has spent several  years in South America in the interests  of an American firm, "is responsible, I  believe, for the interest taken in the  Peruvian and Bolivian gold fields, and  the consequent and sad loss of life of  Americans who have penetrated the  germ-infested countries.  "in Dutch Guiana gold mining affords an interesting study. It is as yet  mainly placer, although quartz reefs do  actually exist. They can, however,  only be approached by powerful corporations from outside the colony, by men  fully understanding the details of the  enterprise they areabout to undertake.  Tlie country is densely clothed with native forest's. Beyond a radius of 100  miles from the sea obstructions become  freqtientin all tho rivers, and portage  has then to be resorted to. The reason  why mining has never been pushed is  the"total absence of any knowledge of  what gold mining means and the lack of  capital.  "In French Guiana the hilly lands  come right down to the sea. In Dutch  Guiana that portion of the colony adjoining French Guiana exhibits a rocky  formation within a very few miles of  the littoral. As the border, however,  extends towards British Guiana, the  higher ground recedes until it is only  to be met with after a journey of at  least 100 miles into the interior. ' Looking- from the sea, nothing is to be seen  but dense tropical veg-itation without  anv elevation, growing out of the fluvo-  Dore,  Tonsorial  Parlors  And Bathrooms  Every thing '���First-Class  Bolander Block,  Slocan Avenue, New Denver, B.C.  GREENLEAF  MINERAL   CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located? Adjoining the Clipper, about three miles  above the town of New Denver.  TAKE notice that we. the. undernamed, A.  Ferguson, free miner's certificate No. 07988,  J. Cummings, free miner'.^certificate No. 85357,  W. C McKinnon, free miners certificate No.  81994, N. Angrignon, free miner's certificate  No. 79098, J. Cadden, free miners certificate No.  74051, intend sixty days from date hereof to  apply to the Mining Recorder for ii certificate  of improvements for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 87 must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificates of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of July, 1897.  lays after date I intend to apply to  Chief Commissioner of Lands and  Works for permission to purchase 100 acres of  lam. more or less described as follows:���Beginning at a post planted on the West or right  bank of Wilson Creek, about :j of a mile from  its mouth, and marked S. E. Corner A. M.  Wilson,thence along the East Boundary line of  298, G 1. North, about 450 feet to a post marked N. E. Corner of Lot 298, G. 1.: thence West  along North Boundary of said Lot 290, G.l,  about SIX) feet more or less to a post marked  S. W. A. M. Wilson . thence North 40 chains ;  thence East 40 chains more or less to Bank of  Wilson Creek ; thence following meandcrings  of Wilson Creek in a southerly direction to  place of beginning. Containing hy admeasurement I90 acres more or less.  Rosebery, B.C , 28th May 1897  A.   M.  WILSON.  je3-ag3  NOTICE.  T^URNISIIED ROOMS  TO LET.  By Day or Week.  JENNY LIND,  ROBERTSON AND BEAVER  MINERAL   CLAIMS.  Situated on North side of Four Mile Creek,  some Five Miles East of Silverton, Slocan  Mining Division of West Kootenay District.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, Alfred Driscoll, as  L agent for A. H Bremner, free miners, certificate No. 110385, intend. Of) days after date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for  certificates of improvements for the purpose  of obtaining Crown grants of the above  claims.  And further take notice that action as under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  A.   DRISCOLL.  Dated this 12th day of June. 1897. jel7-agl7  ���VTOTICE is hereby given, that sixty days after  -V1 date we intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission  to purchase the following described land, situated in the Slocan Mining Division, West  Kootenay District, on Four Mile Creek, about  three miles from the town of Silverton:  Commencing at a post on the north side of  Four Mile Creek, marked "Kenneth Morrison.  C A. GardnerandE. W.Bradshaw's northeast  corner." and running east 50 chains, thence  south 30 chains, thence west 50 chains, thence  north 30 chains to point of commencement,  and containing 100 acres more or'less.  Dated the 8th day of July. 1897.  KENNETH MORRISON.  C A. GARDNER,  jyia-11 gl5 E. W. BRADSHAW.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  RAILWAY.  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  East  or  West.  Steamer leaves Nakusp every  morning, making close connection  at Revelstoke with train? for  all points East or "VY est.  NOTICE.  Mrs. A. J. Murphy.  SIXTH STREET  THK   "HOLY   MOSKS  In 1886 Creede and  his  partner, Geo-  L.  Smith,   went  to  the head of  West  Willow  Creek and  began   to  prospect.  The result of their work was the Holy  Moses mine, the first in the now famous  camp.    Creede found the vein alone, his  partner having gone in another direction  that dav.    He never  professed  to be a  Bible student, but he  thought of "Holy  Moses" and dubbed  his lind after the  man who struck terror to the Egyptians.  The storv of the  rich  strike spread like  wildfire," and  among   others whom   it  interested  was   D.  11. Moi'fatt, of Denver, who is probably  the  largest owner  of mines  in Colorado.    He aiid several  other gentlemen  visited  the spot, nnd  .were'so   much   interested   in  it as to  take a  bond and lease on  it���that is,  they   would lease the  property   for  a  certain time and if  they  cared to  bin-  it at the end of that  time  would  pay  for it at 11 price stipulated at  the  time  the lease was made.    A lease was made,  with the bond at $70,000, and from that  day the financial troubles of N. C. Creede  were over.  So implicit was the faith of the investors in the good judgement of Creede  that lie was hired as a prospector at a  salary and with the stipulation he would  hold one-third of the properties discovered by him. The first to attract  him was Bachelor mountain, near the  Holy Moses mine, and not far from  where the town of Creede now is. While  tjiling about this mountain his little  burro stumbled and dis placed a larg-e piece  of rock. As Creed turned away from it  tlie sun caught it full and showed its  glittering under surface, now turned for  tne first time in ages. It was rich with  indications, and at once Creede staked  the claim, which he called the Amethyst  and which made not only him but a  number of others rich. The Amethyst  Mining Company was formed in 1892,  and out of it Creede took over a million  dollars as his share of the mining operations.  HIS   MARITAL   TJ10UI1LES  Creede was never free from the attractions of the fair sex.    After he made his  marine deposit. The gold zone in Dutch  Guiana bee-ins where the fluvo- marine  deposit ends.  "All the gold which has been recorded up to tlie present date has been  found in the alluvial. It permeates  large surfaces in minute particles, technically known as 'spots' or 'color.' In  the creek beds it is found iii small nttg--  g-ets in pockets. Sonic finds of big nuggets, such as that on the Midler de  Jonge placer, lying between Surinam  and Saramacca"rivers, have been made.  This nug-get weighed about thirty-six  pounds."  "In 1890 a nugget weig-hing about  thirteen pounds was found on a" placer  between the Surinam and Maroni rivers. In the interior the rolling-country  is called the 'hill system,' and is described as being- composed of gneiss and  mica schists, crossed by basaltic dykes  containing auriferous deposits of drift  conglomerate, old river beds and the  shallow course of existing waterways.  The drift conglomerate is" of ferruginous nature, ot a red color.  "The greater part of the gold recovered in Dutch Guiana is coarse and covered with iron oxide, float, accompanied with iron pyrites and quartz crystals.  "One hundred and thirty-seven parcels of raw gold dust weighing 745,514  grammes produced on smelting last  August 721,989 grammes of bar gold,  shoiving an average loss of 8.1.8 per  cent. This gold zone, except in patches  consisting of Savannah lands is covered with a dense forest growth.  ''The gold bush is the unhealthiest  part of tlie colony. Fumes arise from  stagnant water." poisonous plants are  everywhere, and lucky indeed is the  American gold seeker who escapes  alive from the o-i-oen tombs of the Dutch  colony."���Denver Post.  Nakusp  Sawmill  Having placed some new machinery  in our Mill, we are prepared to fur.  nisi) all kinds of rough and dressed  Lumber  and Shingles  at Kedueed Prices  HALTON CHIEF MINERAL CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay    District.    British    Columbia.  Where  located?    On the  0. K. Creek, a  tributary of the north fork of Carpenter  Creek, and about five miles northeast of  Three Porks:  T-AKE NOTICE, that I, M. J   Meeker, acting  X '  as agent for E. S. Graham, free miner, certificate No. 80I80, intend sixty days  from the  date hereof, to apply to  the Mining Recorder  for certificate of improvements, for tho purpose of obtaining a crown grant for the above  claim.  And, further take notice, that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of said certificate of improvements.  M. J. MEEKER,  Dated this, 22nd day of May, 1897. jy27  "VTOTICE is hereby given that 30 clays from date  11 I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner  of Lands and Works for a special license to cut  and carry away timber on the following described lands. Commencing at a post marked  No. 1 post, on the south of Four Mile creek  about 1000 feet west of Fennell creek, running  southerly 10 chains, thence east 120 chains,  thence north 80 chains,thence west 120 chains;  thence south 40 chains to point of commencement, about eight miles from Silverton, B.C.,  containing 9G0 acres.  Before you travel get information from  CP.R. Agents as to time and  rates.   It will save you money  Appl y to nearest Railway Agent  or to  H. DOUGLAS, Agent.  H. M". MacGregor,   Trav. Pass Agt,  Nelson,   or to E.  J.  Coyle,   Dist.  Pass. Agt, Vancouver, B. C.  June 29. 1897.  G. C.   WHARTON.  NOTICE.  CAZTJBAZUA   MINERAL   CLAIM.  PRICE   LIST:  Rough Lumber, narrow,  Sio no  "         wide,  311 00 to   12 ..  Joist and Scantling sized up to  18 feet long,  11 ..  8 ' to 21 '  12 ..  21 'to 30 '  13 ..  Flooring, T&6,(i "  20 ..  ��� ���'    4 "  22  V joint Ceiling, J  22 ..  " Rustic,  19 ..  Shiplap,  14  ..  Surfaced Dressec1,  13 ..  A liberal discount on large orders for Cash.  PETER GENELLE  & Co  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: OnPour  Mile creek about 4 miles east of the town of  Silverton.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, David Bremner, acting  ���1 as agent for George Fairbairn. free miners-  certificate No. 7925G. and Frank Culver, free  miners' certificate No. (iSOOn intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaing a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 imist be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements  DAVID   BREMNER.  Dated this 10th day of June, 1897. jelO-aglO  WAKEFIELD   MINERAL   CLAIM.  "|C"0TICE is hereby given that a special meet-  -*-'' ing of the shareholders of the Alamo  Mining Company, Limited Liability, will be  held in the office of the Company at New Denver, B. C, on the 9th day of August, 1897, at 10  o'clock a. m., for the purpose of considering  the expediency of selling the whole or such  portion of the assets of the Company as may  be agreed upon at such meeting, and if agreed  upon, passing resolutions authorizing any  such proposed sale to be carried into effect,  and for such other business as may be properly brought before the meeting.  FRANK   COX.  Secretary  New Denver, B. C, June 21,1897.  k  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red  Mountain  RAILWAYS  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Revived Memory.  HINCKLEY MINERAL CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  2.', miles from Throe Forks Hotel, on right  hand side of Carpenter creek, on the first  creek opposite Payne mountain.  'PAKE NOTICE, That I, C. A. Stoess, of Kaslo,  1 B.C., acting as agent for the Hinckley and  Black Colt Mining Company, Limited, free  miner's certiJicato No. SI .050. in tend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to tiie Mining  Recorder for a certiiicate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim. And. further take notice, that  action under section 37, must be commenced  before the issuance of sue  provements.  Dated this 17th day of .J 11  certiiicate of Im  .1897.  About 75 years ago, upon a rainy day,  a small boy wbo had reached the   mature   age of  six was   sitting with   bis  mamma and bemoaning the state of the  weather and accompanying abscence of  novel entertainment.    Mamma wore on  her linger  a beautiful  ring that  was a  family   heirloom,   and   as   she   sewed  patiently the jewel glittered on her little  white hand.   The small boy regarded  the  bright   bauble for   sonic   tune   in  silence   and   then   sweetly    requested  mamma to take   it off and let him  play  with.   it.    It   wis a weak   thing to do,  perhaps, but she complied.    I  dare say  there are mothers at the present day  who can sympathize with  her. for  human nature is the same, though fashions  change,   and   when   the "dear   child"  looked   up in   her face  pleadingly   he  looked with papa's eves, and papa  was  dead.    So  begot  the ring and lost  it,  as   might   have   been   expected.    He  always   insisted   that he   had ''put   it  away to keep," but  he could  never remember where.  Tlie years went on. Tlie gentle  young mother went out into the great  unknown   to find   the li"-lit  of her  life  T  ANTOINE MINERAL CLAIM.  Situated in the Slocan MiningDivision of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: In the  Ruby Silver Basin, adjoining the Surprise  Basin.  AKE NOTIOE that I, George Alexander, free  miner's certificate, No. 74000,   for  myself  uid as agent for C. H. Green, free miner's certiiicate No.  77701.   and for Alex Smith,  free  miner's certiiicate  No. 74190,   intend GO days  from the date hereof to  apply to the Mining  Recorder for a Certificate  of Improvements,  for tlie purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take  notice   that  action under  section 37 must he commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 30th day of June. 1S97.  GEORGE ALEXANDER.  Posted at Antoine Mine. 30 June, 1897, by J.  C. Ryan. jy!5-agl5  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On Four  Mile Creek about 4 miles east of the town of  Silverton.  'PAKE NOTICE that I, David Bremner, acting  1 as agent for George Fairbairn. free miners'  certificate No. 7925G. and J H. Wereley, free  miners' certiiicate No. 61697 (personal representative for W. H. Smith), intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must lie commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  DAVID   BREMNER. ,  Dated this 10th day of June. 1897. jelO-aglC  NOTICE.  NOTICE is hereby given that 30 days after  date I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for a lease of  the following described land, situated on the  west shoro of the Columbia River, opposite the  town of Nakusp, for the purpose of opening up  and working as a stone quary. viz.: Commencing at a postmarked J. S. Lawrence's n. e.  co.tner post, running thence 20 bhains westerly, thence 80 chains southerly, thence 20 chains  easterly, thence 80 chains northerly, following the lake shore to point of commencement.  J.   S.   LAWRENCE.  Dated June 11th. 1897.  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave.  9:10 a.m.  11:00 "  8:00 a. m.  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  Arkive.  5:45 p.m.  3:40   "  6:40 p.m.  Kaslo and  Close connection with Steamers for  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle   River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  NOTICE.  HIDDEN   TREASURE   MINERAL   CLAIM  Situated in the Slocan Alining Division of  West Kootenay District. Where located ?  About 800 feet from left, fork of Sandon  Creek, and runs parallel with Slocan King  and Emma claims.  T-AKE NOTICE that I, the undersigned.  1 George Alexander.FreeMinors' Certificate  No. 71000. intend, sixty days from date hereof,  to apply to tiui Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that, action,   under  Section  37.  must  be  commenced    before  the  issuance of such certificate 'of improvements.  G EORGE   A LEX AN J >KR  Dated this 21th day of May. 1897. je.'i-ag.'l  NOTICE is hereby given that we the undersigned intend, (l'I days after date, to make  application to the Chief Commissioner of Land  and Works for permission to purchase 160  acres of land situated 8 miles north-east of  Nakusp on Koos Kanack Creek, /on the nortli  shore of LTppcr Arrow Lake. West Kootenay  District, commencing at Initial Post No.l.  south from No. 1 post 40 chains, east thence 40  chains, north thence 40 chains, west to place  of commencement.  LYLAND   MCDOUGALD.  WILLIAM   HUSTON.  Stakes dated 5th of .May, 1807. je3-ag3  KASLO & SLOGAN. RY  TIME CARD No. 1.  JO-JO   MINERAL   CLAIM.  INTERNATIONAL      NAVIGATION  . & TRADINGCO.,   LTD.  Strs Mernatioiml and Alljerta  On Kootenav La kit and R'ver.  IN EFFECT WED.J0V. 25, 1895  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Leave  Ait.  e 8 00 A.M  .   Kaslo  Arrive, 3 60  8 3i��     "  South Pork  "       3 15  !( 30      "  Sproulc's  ''       2 15  9 51      "  Whitewater  CO  10 03      ���'  Bear Lake  '���       1 4S  10 18 .    ���'  McGuigan  ,:       1 33  10 30      "  Baile'v 's  1 21  10 38      "  J ti ne tion  1 12  10 f>0      "  Sandon  Leave 1 00  P.M  T  DEMOCRAT MINERAL CLAIM.  Situated   in   the Slocan  Mining Division   of  West Kootenay District.     Where located  Southeast of the Twin Lakes.  UKK NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg, as  agent for John G. Steel, free miner's certificate No. 84982 and William B. Cash, free  miner's certificate No. 78099, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  tlie. purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the  ���.ibove claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 15th day of July. 1897.  Situate in tlie Slocan Mining Division of  West Kootenay District. Where located:  On North Pork of Carpenter Creek, about  five miles above Throe Porks.  'PAKE NOTICE that I. Tliomas Sinclair Gore,  L acting as agent for Alice Trenery, free  miners' certificate No. 742(55 and A. L. Davenport, free miners' certificate No. 74398, intend,  sixty days from the date hereof, to apply to  the Mining Recorder for a certiiicate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37. must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  T.   S.   GORE.  Dated this 20th day of May. 1807.  EMPIRE   NO:   5   AND    BRYAN   NO.   4.  MINERAL  CLAIMS.  Situated in   the   Slocan   Mining   Division .of  West Kootenay District.    Where located:  On Carpenter Creek about one and a half  miles above Cody.  rPAKE NOTICK that L Charles Moore, acting  1    as agent   for  A. C. Holland,   free  miner's  certificate  No. 894'>5 and   John   McNeill,   lice  miner's certificate No. 77851. intend, sixty days  from the date hereof,  to apply  to  the Mining  Recorder for a certificate   of   improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claims.  And further take notice  that action,  under  Time Card in   EflVc.i  .July 12th,  1*97.   Dailv  ICxcepI .Sunday. Subject to Change without notice  Close connection al   Five   Mile   I'oiul  with  all  pnsseiigci trains ol tlicX. & K.S.R.H. to and from  Northport, Rossland and Spokane;  Thrjiigli   tickets sold  at   Lowest   Rales and  Baggiigc checked to all United States Points.  For rates and information apply at  Company's Offices.  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngr.  R. W. BRYAN,  Supt. nnd Ass't Treas  THE   STEAMER  W.HUNTER  Will leave NEW  afternoon   upon  from Sandon,  DENVER,  arrival   of  every  train  points. 5  Rossland  45 ,'i.m  3:40 p  Lv. Kaslo for Nelson and way  Ar. Northport 12:15 p.m.:  m.: Spokane, 0 p.m.  Nelson for Kaslo and way points, 4.45 p.m.  Lv. Spokane 8 a.m.: Rossland. 10:20 a.m.:  Northport. 1:50 a.m.  Lv  NEW SERVICE OX KOOTENAY LAKE  Lv. Nelson for Kaslo. etc. Tues.. Wed.. Thurs.:  Fri.. Sat.: 9:.'!0 a.m.    Ar. Ka.-Io. 12:30. p.m  Lv. Kaslo for Xelsou. etc.. Mon.. Tues., Wed..  Thurs.. Pri.:' 5 p.m.    Ar. Nelson, 9 p.m.  BONNER'S FERRY ami KOOTENAY RIVER  SERVICE.  The Alberta awaits the arrival of ths International before leu viug for Bonner's Ferry.  ��� Lv. K aslo. Sat.. 9.3 i p. in: Ar. Boundary. Sun.  i! a.m.: A-i. Bonner's Perry. Sun., lo..'M a.m.  Lv Bonner's Ferry. Sun., lp.m.: Ar. Boundary. Sun.. 5 p.m.: Ar. Kaslo. Sun.. 10 p.m.  Clo.-e conneeton at. Bonner's Ferry with  trains East bound, leaving Spokane 7 40 a.m.,  and We.->t bound, arriving Spokane 7 p.m.  GE' IRGIO   A LEX.AXUER, Gen'! Mgr  Head Office at Kaslo, B.C.  Kaslo. H ('.. July 13.1807  POR SILVERTON,   SLOCAN CITY and ALL  INTERMEDIATE   POINTS.  Will leave SLOCAN CITY at 7 a.m.  every morning except Sunday  Powder carried only on Fridays.  Time Table subject to change without notice.  S. T.N. CO.. Ltd..  June 1,1897.  G. L. ESTABROOK, Master.  Hotel Vevey  Dininp; Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile ci'eeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevev, Slocan Lake, B.C. 8  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B C., AUGUST 5, 1897.  Fourth Year  MINING RECORDS  Showing the Rapid Development of the Slocan.  LOCATIONS OF  THE WEEK  Assessment Work Done on Claims  and Transfers of Mining;  Properties.  The following- is a complete list of the mining  transactions recorded during the week in tlie several mining divisions of Slocan. Those of New  Denver were as follows:  locations.  July 27  Red Mountain Extension���Wilson, J C Eslin-  ger, D Stewart. Anvil���same, J B Cook, A D  Sellers. Anvil Extension���same; J C Eslinger,  A Stewart. Copper King-Trout creek; M Watson. Michigan���same; II L Swan. Summit and  Calderon���Wilson; J S Douglas, J G Millory. Al  uiont���Carpenter; H A Miller. Rose���same; R J  Murphy. Copper Stained Fractional���Car|>en-  ter; Louis C Turcott. Ocean Queen -Trout creek:  F A Wright;   Fairie Queen��� same; W A Swan.  Julv28  Rockingham���Carpenter.. W S Taylor. Wil-  laniine���McGuigan: E J Dobie. Cainpainia���  same; Scott Willev. Keno���s e New Denver, Geo  Wharton. Capital���New Denver; Amos Thompson. Kildare���Carpenter; Peter Mullen. Slocan  ���New Denver; A Epworth. Green Mountain���  near Three Forks; A Ibert During. Pill Pounder-  New Denver; Ronald Burns, C F Nelson.  July 29  Daisy Bell���Fennel: D McKinnon. Christy  Diamond���Wilson: J M Farrell. Two Sisters���  same; V\ in Hicks. Wideawake���same; W M  Bath. Black Prince end Sea Bird���Fennel; A  Williamson, A V Porter. Lillian���Payne mountain; W E Kennedy. Midway���Carpenter; H W  Pepin.   Pay Day���New Denver; Dan McLeod.  July 30 <  Grizzly Bear Pasture���Glacier creek; Frank  Hill. John Louis���same; John H Ross. Jewell-  same; Miss E D Roberts. Glacier���same Maaga;et  Ross. Geo T Haggerty. Jessie M���same; Wm  Klein berg. K & B���same: Wm Kleinberg. Miss  Betty���same; Joseph Lewinson.   Timber Lake���  C M Adams. A E Mackley and Samuel Brown.  Caribine, Edw Haley.  Julv 30.  Eldorado, Thos J Smith.  July 30  Blackjack, Geo Bartlett.  July 31  Colfax, Alike Mellan: Telegram, T W Lambert;  Watertown. A G Lambert and J Longheed,  Aug 2  Atzec, John R Smith; Black Qneen, H A  Wright; Emma E, J I Smith and A E Whitmore;  Mary Alice, J I Smith and A E Whitmore; Copper Queen, J H Cory: Copper King, Joe O'Con-  ner; Slocan Chief, Joe O'Conner; Sunbeam, Chas  Phillip; Elk, Walter Smith; Unicorn, Geo Kemp  aud Wm Meiiion; Queen City, Harvey Atchin-  son and T Cooper; Silver Bow; Jas McCarthar;  Mountain View. Ed Halcvon; Natural, W H  Burton; Tuscorroria, W H Burton.  ASSESSMENT,?.  Julv 27���Hiawatha, D Smith, Boomer, Josie  Fairy Bell.  Julv 2R��� Bleandrield, Rome, Caribaldo. Palermo  X L C R, Maple Leaf, Porcupine.  July 29���Lydia, Maggie, Young Bear, Missing  Link. Murilfo Fraction, Granite Flat, Ranger.  Skylark.  TRANSFERS*;  July 2��-Geo Stone to H T Curry���J Turf, $500.  July 28���W H Trump and Joseph Thompson to  Charles Burke���5 Jupiter, *25.  Julv V'.l���Joseph B Thompson to W H Trump���  1-6 Trump, Blenheim, Grace H and Joseph B, $50.  Chas It Barke to W H Trump���1-G Trump, Blenheim, Grace H and Joseph B, $25. Chas R Burke  to Joseph I> Thompson���Hi Trump, Blenheim,  Grace H ond Joseph B, #25. J E Williams to  Emma Williams��� 3 Miner, ���$290.  J uly 29  Max Heckman to Alex Dick, J interest Iron  Cap. r350; John R Smith to Frank Goodwin,  Emile. tfttt.  July 30  O' I', Magnet,   Edison,  San   Diego,   Premier,  Victor, Wellington, Union.  July3l  Teller, Leadville, E H,   Weymouth.  Summit  No 5  A ug 2  Persimmon, Townsend. Rover, Ontario.  ARROW   LAKE   MINING   DIVISION.  Locations, Assessments and Transfers recorded  at Nakusn:   ���  LOCATIONS.  er Mountain���Trout creek; Benj  Nountain   and  Copper Bottom-  same; E Ross. Miss Jennie���same: Mrs E Ross.  Maggie���bet Carpenter and Pour Mile; Robt Bai;-  ey- #elso���same; David Bremner. Stemwinder  ���Glacier eroek; Geo T Haggerty,E Ross, Margaret Ross, John W H Ross. Bald Eagle���Four  Mile; Thos Flynn. Vulture���same; W B Kelly.  Jericho���same; Joel St Ainc. Nevada���same;  Chas Johnson. Aurora Fractional���Sandon; H  B Alexander. Yuma Fractional���same, A Gordon! Lisapin���New Denver; Dan Morris. Rose-  Fennel; A Williamson, A N Porter, A N Craig.  Emma Fractional���Payne mountain; Harry  Lowe. Annie C���Tributary creek: W H Brandon.  ,   July 31  Climax, Cop)  Baker.    Lead  same; H D Lea.  Aug 2  Ohio���Carpenter; L N Rcmillard. I X L-C H  Abercombie. Hackney���New Denver; Norman  McMiilan. Forward���w Slocan Lake: Chas El-  lerton. Brazos���Granite creek; J V Purviance.  Sweden���Carpenter; A O Ostby. Ida May���Mill  creek; J Williams. Lacrosse Fractional���New  Denver; W D Mitchell. Arondalc���same; Carter  H Brindle, First Chance���Goat mountain; P A  Pehrsson. Abbottsford���east New Denver; D D  MacGillivray  Aug 2  Lotta Gauna���same; J O Todd, Jas Campbell.  Horseshoe���Carpenter; Frank Hcnrickson. Kasa  Fractional���Sunshine mountain; P J Hickey.  Aug 3 .  U & I���Wilson; L G Curry, R H Creecy. Even  Cliance���Goat mountain: Artman Snyder. Lady  Franklin���Wilson; Geo Quintel.  ASSESSMENTS.  July 27  Brunswick, Ontario and Sabbath, J A McKinnon et al  July 28  Cultus No 2, Robt C Adams; Newport, Geo A  Petty-  July 29  Consolidated    Virginia,    Speculator;    Harold  Selons.  July 30  Cody Fraction, Wm Callahan Rainbow, Henry  Brown.  July 31  Narrow Gua;;c, J C Platts; Ohio, Jas McKier-  nan.  Aug 2  Ruth, H A Porster, W If McVay and D E McVay; Snowflake, Wm Clougli; Despair, Hope,  Ruth Fraction, certificate of improvements, If W  Porster, W H McVay and D E McVav, Mam  moth No 7, RobtC Adams; Wilson, E'C Pease;  Artie, J R Cameron.  Aug 3  dlFountain Fractional,   Thos   McMerny;  Lone  Lake, J H Currie  TRANSFERS.  July 27  Jas P Leahy, J C Bolander, Jas R Cameron,  Jas L Leahy, trustee, The Bolander, May G; si  Chas S Rashdall to Geo Man���h Fraction, July  26. Si  J G Milloy  to J S Douglas���\ Caldinan and  Summit No -, July 27, ��1  July 28  Carter H Brindle to W S Taylor���The Queen  City, July 21, *l  Jul> 28  Ernest M Brindle to W S Taylor���The Albion,  July 24. il  E M Sandilands to E A Digby���Option og Cliff  and Cliff Extension. .June 72, 81  J H Piatts to J C Platte���The Charlestown and  Narrow Guage, July 21, il  Ella Norquay to HG Twigg���i Continental,  July 21, $/>00  July 29  Jas Gilhoolev to Albert Behue���1/9 Adironack,  July 22, *1  Wm R Hart to C M Gething���1/9 Adirondack,  April 2, $1000  C M Gething to Jas Gilhooley���1/9 Adirondack,  April 15, SI  Herman Clever to Albert Bohne���1/9 Adirondack. July 27, SI  J S Laurence to P Genelle���1/12 New Columbia  and Felix, June 11  si  Wm P McClurv to Bryon M White-all interest in Noonday, Fourth of July and Grev Eagle,  July 17 SI  Eldward Stewart to Vancouver Groupe Mining  Co���The Rccardo, July 3d, il  John Brineii to James O'Brien���.1, Carbonate,  July 28, il  Godfrey Adams  Fraction', June 30  John   Brineii  to  July 28 >1  A ug 2  Herbert T.Twigi  nental, July 28. .-..vm  Geo  W   Hughes to  July 28, >1  W S Taylor to Amos  and Albion,,July 21.si  W J Gibbons to W C  tion. Julv 29, >2rio  II   H  "Pitts   to Jas C Ryan  $1000  I) H McLean to J CKvaii-  14, $200  The Wonderful Group Mining Co to Edward  Tanghc���Lease of i!0<) feet of the wash In ground  sluice for 180 days, May 28  Aug 3  David Matheson to S T Owings���The Neglected. Aug 2, S700  Jas Gilhooley to Albert Behiie���/8 Teller and ]  Memphis, July 22, >l  Fauquier;   Glenwood, F G Fau-  Mrs F Fauquier ; Waterloo, F G  Snow  Wild-  June 1  As pin, A E  quier; Conder,  Fauquier  Juue2  Atlilyn Fraction, A G Vallance  June 4  Greenwood, H C McDermid: Morning; Glory,  No 2, R Maxwell and C Lajiadowski; Pnscilla, R  S Burton  J tine 7  Rosie Lee, W M Stewart  June 9  Nellie, C.J Peterson;  Silver Tip, J  Mclnnis.  June 11  Kittie Brophie, L Doolan: Rock Creek, J  Wright. Jennie Crawford, W Ash worth  June 12  Rockland and Silver Blaze, B Burton  Slide, A McLean; Mazeppa, J Derham  wood, J Derham and J Dawson.  June 14  Silver Mountain, R sharp  June 15  Volcano, L Scaid  June If!  Trapper, L Scaid : C and M, A Cummings  June 15  Nanaimo, G Otis  June 10  Florence. A W Maclean  June 17  Stockholm, J no Hector  June 18  Blue Bird No 3, P Cunningham  June 19  Ontario Fraction, W Bamrield ; Hemisphere, W  Bainfleld and J A Stobo ; Picton, same  June 23  Vivian L. W C Lawrence; Silver Tin No 2, P  McGinnis: Little Willie. W C Robinson;  Meadow View, J B Old and J H Gladwin;  Bodega, J Derham and W Jordan; Eleanor, R  Grickwell; Mary Farmer, H B Findlay; Bobolink, same; Red River, A S Martin ; Mountain  King, R S Burton : Copper Queen, J G Devlin.  June 24  Mystic, C Bowman; Erie Gray, F Moffat;  Eigiu, J B McArthur; Anson. W C Robin<on ;  Sherhrooke. J B Swatter; R Dalby M, R D Mork-  hill.jr; Cassctton, W C Lawrence; Green Leaf,  Thos Gordon, Wm Copeland and F K Benton    ,  June 25  Rob Roy, H L Nicholson  June 20  Red Jacket, Paul Anders  June 28  Snowdrop, O S Hendee; Annie L, R Luxton  June 2!)  Bard well, W P Lawrence; Luverne, 'P Ma-  gimnis; Brandon. W G Clark : Bowmanville, W  G Clark; Little Minnie, F Benam  J uly 5  Eagle, R E Robinson ; Banner, Bamner Extension, Mascot No 2, Mascot Extension, Alabama,  Alabama Extension. W Hopkins and G W  Jordan; Addio, R D Morkell; Dominion Day, F  Moffatt  Julv 7  British Workman, W C Robinson; Copper  Crown, D J Darragh  July 8  Mosquito, M Costello, G Chenoweth  July 9  Paladora. A H Old. W H Page  July 12  Golden   Pheasant Fraction,  Calavers, C Hamilton  July ft  May F'ower No 2, Warm Cliff. Ora  Granda,  Brooklyn No 3  July 12  Bonanza  July 14  Cornwall, Blue Grouse, Noble Oue, Flora Mack  July lo  Ernest  July 17  Amaranth; Golden Hope, Golden Age  July 19  Capolina, Glenalviii  July 20  Green Slide, Rising Sun: No 1  Fraction. Last  Chance. Eclipse No 2  July 21  Little Gem, White Swan  July 23  Rossland, Emerald  July 24  Spring Valley, Black Fox,   Red   Fox.  Grey  Wolf, Black Diamond^  July 26  Golde-' Eagle  July 28  Ali��a, Dalhousie  July 29  Napoleon, Golden Tip  TRANSFERS.  Junes  Burton   to    Hammersley���Glenalvan      Snow  Storm and Gold Stream  June 4  Burton to Hammersley���A Caploina and Annexed  June 7  Dawson to Woodhouse- Nellie Mack, S1200  June 9  Devlin to Burns���\ Bismarck  June 11  Bnilou to Devlin���\ Maxwell, .*300  June 16  Burton to McLean���Priscilla; Madden to Ells  worth-l/G Ca'hrop, $150; Ottis to Douglass���Nickel Plate; Douglass to Clark���} Nickel Plate  June 17  Parks to Walkem���J Baldy, S100  June 23  Williams to Crawford���1 Night  Hawk No 2 &.  Little Pete; Bragg to Ralston��� 1/6 Montreal. 1/32  each Oregon Boy, Nakusp, Hard Climb, Harvest,  Queen and Lancaster, $375  June 24  Call to Brett���J Ocean Wave  June 28  Harrison to .Langley���All May Queen No 2, i  Snow Slide, $750; Burton to Cairney���\ Silver  Blaze, $750  June 30  Fear to Scott���* Bobolink  July 2  Swan & Derham to Swan���Eureka and Tenderfoot  July 7  Rijal et al to Swan��� Shamrock, Treasury; Cole  to Plumbe���J  Mariposa   Fraction;   Jackson to  THE   FIDELITY  MINERAL CLAIM.  Moher���Maumec : 50; Tlmrinan to  Moher���\  Big  Four; Parker to Moher���:_. Messenger  Julys  MeDarmed to Hammei-sSey���Greenwood; Find-  lay to Fear���Bobolink  July 9  Langley to Bauer���11/20 May Queen No 2; Ab-  1 riel Williamson and Burton to Finch & McMil-  I lun���Trio, I X L, Golden Hope: Golden Age and  j Producer, $3,500; Bull to Bull���J each Oregon  ; Bov, Lancaster. Nakusp, Harvest Queen. Montreal and Hard Climb  1 July 12  1 Hiyland ctal to Clark���Mammoth No 2 and Dun  i dps, $1000; Clark to Brown���1/6 each Cheiltan.  I Silver Tip No 2. Duchess. Mammoth No 2. Dun-  "i das; McDonald to Pegram���1/6 Cathop; Grant to  I Sterritt���1/16 Rising Sun  ; July 13  ;    Ashworth to Doolan��� Jennie Crawford  i July 21  !    Slierrin  in Birks���A Little Gem, Hill Top, ? 150;  I McLean to Devlin���fGreat Western No 2; Swan  i to Derham���* each Eureka and Tenderfoot  ! July 24  ;    C'ague et al to Finch���Black Fox, Grey Wolf.  ! Red Fox, Black Diamond  ' July 26  Langley to Rea���1/20 May Queen No 2; Crawford  ; to Richmond-i Little Pete. J Bla-k Bird' .', Night  ! Hawk No 2 '  I July 28  1     Ryan and Dailv to Leech���Eureka, Shamrock,  I Treasury,   Tenderfoot;   Swan   to  same���same;  i Devlin to same, in trust���same : Leech to Birks-  isame; Gallagher to Aaron's Rod M &. D Co���  : h White Swaii; Long to same���same ; Gallagher  I to same���i Golden  West  and J Invincible; Tel-  i ford to same���same; Watercroft to same���fame ;  S Jeffreys to same���same; Gallagher to Warhurton  ���J White Swan : same to Long���saine; Wnrliur-  i ton to Aaron's Rod M & D Co���same : Devlin to  McKinnon���J Nellie D; Devlin to R B Kerr���  ; *Hattie,GlaBcow, ��� .Scotland and  Royal George;  ; Dronin to Knapp���1/6 Kentucky Girl No 2; same  to same���1/0 St Charles ; McLeod to Morkley���1/6  each in Kentucky Girl No 1 and No 2, St Cliarlcs,  16 tol, Great Britain Annie. Lawric   Mountain  View: Humphrey to MeFerren���J each in Kentucky Girl No 1 and No 2, Great Britain, St  Charles. Annie Lawrie, 16 to 1; Taylor to Jainie-  son���Diamond Hill and Halifax.  The  Windsor  Restaurant       I    Silvery Slocan.  Is one of the Best and Aged Cafes  in the  IN NEW DENVER.  It was in operation when  F  G  Fauquier:  July 13  Early Bird No 2.  Birks  July 14  High Ore,  A ForslaiKT;   Jessie B, D D  J Hitzks and P Shea  H  E L Wilson���J Standard  *  Mahoning,  to  ���:1  James O'Brien  to Geo W Hughes  P J  Finucane���  lioiupsou-  1  Couti-  ���1 Siucher,  Queen City  White���J  London  Frac-  ���1/6 Sohu, July  14,  �� Far Away,  April  SLOCAN    CITY    KKCORI>S.  July  Bryan Borol  Nolan; Wild G  McDonnell. 1'  LOCATIONS.  tin. M J McDonnell.   C   B Hittle  ;oat. J W Clarke:   Wolfelniie  Nolan,  C   B  Hittle:   Bryan.  Lloyd: Defender. H A Wright:  R   "     '"   "  ban; Colorado, same: D li. !> A It  Welshman, .John Hughes: Drake.  l, ./ b <:  --s. J A K  .1 T Vick:  P  M J  Th.js  laila-  "Icv:  July 28  Club. T S Houston, S  Silver Leaf Fraction,  same: Highland Chief  jimrnie. Toni Armstron  Graham.   '  Chas  Hall.  ,   W li Dowdin  lt  F.'iriniana. G  eo  W   Green:  r: OonJid nee.  ���:    Solger  A Farini  Carrie I). M  J   McDonnell.   C   !;   Hittle   and   P  Nolan:  July 29  Muskoka, I   M   Bernard:   Aerolite.  Alexander  Dick; Wiiineuiucca. T W Pake:   Ohio  Fractf.11;  July 15  Gem, Chas Clark  July 16  Pasteur, J J Aikenhcad ; Jubilee A, Jubilee B,  MSopenetal; Ebnezeer, T Lancaster and EH  Cost'ey eL al; Dominion A, M Soper et al ; Yorkshire, "Mrs F Fauquier  July 17  Huntingford, A E Fauquier; Missing Link, J  G Belt; Sunrise, Jas Henderson  July 19   .  Beaver, J Hendersoni; Jubilee C. Jubilee D, M  Soper et al  July 20  Dominion B, M Soper et al  Julv 21  Jumbo, Geo Otis: Crown, E Burebee; Morning, Aug Wilson,; Granite, J Vining and A  Wilson ; Ocean Star, Tipping et al; White Swan,  J S Gallagher; Golden West, Invincible, J S  Gallagher et al  July 23  Nellie No 2, H O'Connor: Last Chance, F  Whalen  J uly 24  Mars, T W Wright  July 28  Johnnie Fraction, H C Sharp  ASSESSMENTS.  June 1  Recorder, Iron Duke, Iron King, Cherokee  .June 3  May Queen No 2  June 9  Mammoth, Dundas  June 11  Conglomerate Fraction  June 14  Independence,     Na'icy   Lee,    Johnnie  Bull.  Lucky  Bov, Uncle   Sam,    Conundrum,  Silver  Dollar  June 15  .Midnight Fraction  June 16  Raven. Prospector  June 17  Great Britain No 2  June 18  Ocean Wave  June 23  Dandy, Commodore, Black   Bird, Night Hawk,  Litvle P"ete, Mountain Chief  June 24  Cheiltan  J tine 25  Duchess, Will o' Wisp, Maple Leaf, Gibraltar  June 26  Mountain  Meadow,  Monitor,   Baldy,    White  Elcnhant.  June 29  P & U, Baby Elephant  Julv 3  Noble F..ur, Eldorado, Flora Alack  July.-.  Blue   Bird.  Blue   Bird  No 2, A and T,  Home-  stake No 2. Black Bess  July 6  Proctor Not, Black Hawk No 2. Thunder Cloud  On the 3d day of the present  month I visited the Fidelity mineral  claim, situated about midway between Silverton and New Denver,  observed the several openings on  the vein and made measurements  both, of the length of the vein exposed and of the thickness of ore  where exposed.  By means of these measurements and of reasonable assumptions as to depth of ore (such assumptions being possible because  of the topography of the ground and  possible measurements resulting  therefrom, which measurements 1  made, also) 'I have calculated that  there were on the day of my visit,  248 tons of ore exposed.  From sufficent sampling and  testing of the ore exposed on surface, and assuming that the rest is  of same quality, I have determined  that 248 tons of it contains a value  of 822,000 in silver and 811,000 in  lead, at present prices, or a total  value in the ore so reasonably assumed and calculated to be "in  sight", of ��33.000.  I am requested to publish the foregoing- statements and to announce  that the said Fidelity Mineral  Claim is for sale.  Anvone thinking- that he lias  money enough to buy the- Fidelity  and two adjoining claims should  call on Frank L. Byron, at the Victoria Hotel, Silverton, B. C.  Mr. Byron is locator of the  claims,owns a third interest in them,  and will personally conduct the  sale of them.  J. M. M. Bexedum  Assaver.  Wishing to be-  Can not do better than place their  orders with us. Perfect, lit and  good work guaranteed.  M. A. WILSON,  The reliable Slocan Tailor.  Williamson Block, New Denver, B.C  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  Was turned against the country, and, now lhaljthe  gloom of the Argonaut days has disappeared, it looms  up brighter than ever as  . . . . A place where any  ........ appetite can be satiated.  COME EARLY AND AVOID THE:RUSH.  Jacobson & Co,  4f^^^^^^^%'/^%/^%^k\v^'^%/^^^^^ >  ILiNTON Bros'  BOOK STORE.  CALGARY  and  SLOCAN CITY.  Books, Stationery,  VTTT -11.  TT�� .  Yv ail jtajjur,  Sporting' Goods,  Fishing- Tackle,  Pipes, Cigars, Cigarettes, Tobaccoes,  Mineral Glasses, Milling- Laws & Maps.  Large  And  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against lire. Rates $2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  To Prospectors  and Claim Owners  Mining Properties of  all kinds waiited for  English market.  Send full particulars to  RICHARD'PLEWMAN.  Mining Broker, P. O. Box 750, Rossland, B. C.  J.R.& B. Cameron.  Formerly, of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing-  ���: in the:���  -   Latest Style  ���: of the :���  Tailofs  flft.  !^2i^TH&EEF0HKS & SANDON"  O��.ofl  Opposite New Denver, is now in operation.       Orders promptly rilled.  Address letters to New Denver.  BBSS  enzie,  TINSMITH AND PLUflBER,  EOPLE  OF THE  Galvanized Iron Air Pipe.       Metiil Roofing and all  kinds of Mining and  Job Work.        Slocan Avenue, next to Denver House.  LOCAN,  Do not fail to grasp  some of the bargains  now on exhibition at  W. Hunter.& Co.'s big  Silverton Store.  THOS. ABRIEL  CUSTOflS BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B. C-  ssasss  HEB22  ���"'��"'������  SffiSfc,;  McMillan & Hamilton,  Agents for B.C. Sugar Refinery and  Royal City Planing Mills.  NAKUSP, B. C.  In New Denver  Contains all the famous  .') liquors of the present day.  ���? The cigars are from reliable  makers and give out, when  in action, an aioma that  scents the immediate atmosphere with an odor that is  pleasing to the olfactories of  man.  In the billiard room oi this  hotel the ivory spheres can  be set in motion whenever  the public desires it.  ANGUS McGILLIVRAY


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