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The Ledge Aug 12, 1897

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 Volume IV. No. 4G.  NEW DENVER, B. C, AUGUST 12, 1897.  Price, $200 aYeab.  ;Vi'  SMALL COMFORT  Rossland Mines are Doing: an  Active Business.  BUT ROSSLAND CITY IS NOT  Her Daily Paper to Become a Weekly  ���Claims Offered Dirt Cheap���  Municipal    Waste.  [Special  Correspondcncc.l  Rossland, August 8th.���The stag-nation of business and shortness of money  still continues, and it is becoming  more and more evident that the number of business houses, brokers and  mining operators generally is still too  great for the amount of business to be  done. The signs of an increasing output from the mines are not wanting, as  anyone.can see by the large amount of  ore passing- over to the Columbia. &  Western Railway every day. But this  is mainly from the LeRoi, and in reality  is not to be counted on as benefitting  the city to any great extent. The  850,000 paid as dividends every month  to the stockholders of that mine does;  not reach Rossland, at least not much  of it.    It is paid in Spokane, mostly to  Spokane people. All the single men  employed in tlie, mine are compelled to  board at the company's boarding-house,  and all tlie supplies for that.boarding-  house are purchased in Spokane. Many  of the men have wives and families iii  the States, and the greater portion of  their wages are sent to their families,  so that" Rossland derives very little  benefit from its biggest mine, and the  increase in its output does not mean a  corresponding increase of business in  the city. Whether any of the other  shipping mines willl adopt a similar  system remains to be seen.  In newspaperdom, it is whispered that  the Miner will soon return to a weekly  issue, and in that case the Record wi'll  have to do the same, or else employ  aews gatherers of its own. It is also  whispered that the Rosslander will soon  need an epitaph, the forecast of its doom  being the fact that Br'er Jones has despatched an agent to Northern Kootenay to spy out the land and report on  its fruitfulhess as a field for journalistic  enterprise. Verily tlie way of the newspaper is hard.  Some parties  here   are   advertising  their mineral claims  for sale at reek-  ally imagine that, he was looking- on  lumps of almost pure gold, the beautiful yellow tints of the ore from these  three properties presenting a far handsomer appearance to the uninitiated  ���than would'similar lumps of the pure  yellow metal from a placer. But it  does not take even a tenderfoot very  long to be able to distinguish between  pure gold and iron pyrites.  The Cliff ore carries a great deal of  copper, about 18 per cent., and some of  the best samples of native copper in this  camp are found in that mine. It is a  private concern, no shares ever having  been offered to the public, and the owners have not yet reaped the reward of  their labors in opening- up a'first-class  mine. But the future holds promises  of great things at the Cliff, a high-grade  ledge having been found at the extreme  west end of the property, and work is  now being prosecuted at that spot. Col.  Wharton, Avell-knoAvn in the Slocan as  one of the owners of the Reco, is the  prime mover and head of this promising  NEWS    jritOM   NAKUSP.  Many New Strikes   Made   in  Lake   Division.  tlie   Aitom-  nnnc, and Clarence Teasdale, formerly  in partnership at New Denver with Mr.  Stcge, is the efficient manager.  At the Iron Mask two new ore bodies  have recently been opened up. These  were found in both the east and west  drifts run from Centre Star gulch, and  the ore being hoisted is of shipping  grade.  The Centre Star is now a shipper, and  in view of the fact that there are 300,000  tons blocked out underground, the only  requirement necessary to ensure its  ,being a large and continuous shipper is  the lowering of the freight rate to the  smelter.  At the last meeting- of the Le Roi Co.  a dividend of 850,000 was declared,  which is to be the regular monthly  dividend from now on. The total dividends for the past two years now. foot up  to the handsome sum bf'8525,000.'    ���   '''  Work on the Good Friday was commenced this week, a double shift being-  put on. It is said the mine will be a  shipper from the start. Colonel Toping, of Trail, and Messrs. Watson,  Paid and Toklas have been out to examine the property, and brought-back  samples of the orej which carries galena  and copper.  Capt. Hall, of the-LeRoi, says there  are 100,000 tons of ore in sight underground, and -250 tons are being twisted  daily, with 180 men employed.  The Abe Lincoln, in the South Belt,  lessly low prices, alleging- that they  ���'are going to Klondike, and must have  money." ^lt is difficult to sell a claim  here at any price, but the offer to sacrifice good ' properties for the sake of  getting to Klondike may be a good bait  to attract those who are always on the  lookout to get something for nothing.  Work has been begun on Columbia  Ave. for Rossland's new sewer system.  For a considerable distance on the chief  throughfare the rock is solid from the  surface, and as the pipes are to be laid  ten to twelve feet deep, this will entail a  great deal of blasting. The contract,  which does not include the flume to the  Columbia River, has been let to Mr.  Davey for $32,774, while a tender for the  whole system, including the flume to the  river, was received from Mr. McMartin  at the lower figure of $80,000, Why the  council rejected this tender is a mystery,  and considerable comment has been  raised in consequence.  Engine No. 3 of the Columbia & Western took a tumble to itself last evening  just before <> o'clock. One of the ten ore  cars it was hauling got off the track just  before reaching the deep curve at the  bridge where Trail Creek is carried under  Davis street. For fully three minutes  the wheels continued to revolve at a  frightful rate of speed, for the throttle  was open when the machine careened  and fell. Some of those in the vicinity,  when they had recovered from the momentary spell occasioned by the sight,  made haste to get out of danger's way,  fearing that the boiler of the engine  would let go. But such a calamity was  averted, owing to the fact that the throttle was opened and allowed the steam to  escape through the cylinders.  School opens on Monday and the Board  has decided that the compulsory clause  shall be enforced, which means that all  children between (> and 14 years of age  must attend school. If this is enforced  with the present limited accommodations, half the children will have to be  educated in the play ground.  J. J. Miller, B. S. C, has been appointed first assistant to Principal Blair  and Miss Moffatt second assistant. It is  said that a room is to be rented for school  purposes in the Imperial Block.  At the Cliff, Monte Christo, Centre  Star and Iron Mask work is going on  with vigor. The ore on the "dump is  very rich-looking, and a visitor unacquainted with our ores  would natur-  is attaining  i?  reat promise as a  g-ood  property; and it is expected will be a  regular" shipper the coming fall and  winter. Tlie average ore iioav being-  hoisted is worth 850 a ton, and some of  it much more.  Last Saturday a French Canadian  named Julien left Rossland for his  home, St. Norbert, in the valley of the  Red River, Manitoba, with satisfaction  in his mind and a tidy little '���wad" in  his pocket. Julien and his partner,  Audet, are "on velvet." They staked  three claims last year along the line of  the Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway,  near Ymir, and very recently bonded  one.of them to the Hall Mines Co. for  870,000; 83,000 down, 885,000 on November 1st and 88-2,000 on the 1st June,  189S.  The claim in. question is not far from  the famous Elise, and the ore is very  similar, being a fine-looking- quartz,  with the ledge running the whole  length of the property. "Assays from  near the surface went 811 in gold, and  at a depth of 21 feet the ore Avas worth  861 per ton. Fifteen men have been  put to work on the propertA', whieh is  knoAvn as the Black Cock. There is no  doubt AvhateArer that the bond -will be  taken up, and it is said that the other  tAvo claims have been examined Avith a  A'ieAV to being- bonded for large sums,  as the ore is equally as rich at surface  as on the Black Cock.  As prophesied, the Avork of blasting  away the rock ���bluff at the Avest end of  Columbia Ave. has been supended, and  the chances of there being money enough  raised to complete the job seems to be  very slim.  The annual meeting of the Iron Colt  stockholders Avas held last week, and  the financial report submitted Avas a  A'ery satisfactory one. It showed nearly 811,000 expended and over double  that .O.UU as a balance in hand. The  statement can be relied upon as it Avas  specially made by Richard PleAvman,  avIio is one of the"most expert accountants here, and a man aaJio is in every  Avav trustAVorthv.  F. G. Fauquier, recorder of the Arrow  Lake Mining Division and one of the  leading men of Nakusp, was in NeAV  Denver on Monday and chatted with a  Ledge representatiA-e about the mining  development that is going on in the  shadow of the Walhalla mountains. He  said that the first bridge across Cariboo  creek is nearly completed, and that four  miles of the Cariboo wagon road had  been made. A force of twenty-five men  are employed, and they are being paid  out of the government "��� grant of $4,500.  This is being done on contract, but the  $2,600 subscribed privately will be spent  after the government fund is exhausted,  and on day Avork.  The Chieftain is taking.in a large num-  of ore sacks, and will begin shipping as  Soon as the snoAV falls. Recent assays run  8.000 ounces.  The Silver Queen Mining Company at  at the head of Shoav Creek, has applied  for a CroAvn Grant. This company Avill  also ship as soon as snow permits. No  stock is being offered.  E. C. Finch and Mr. McMillian of  Rossland, are applying for a Crown Grant  on the Trio group, and haA'e a fine showing. They are doing deA'elopment work  on the Golden Hope,  one of the group.  At the head of Trout creek a great strike  has been made by W. A. Swan, avIio has  uncovered a ledge tunning $82. in gold  and silver. This is only a few miles from  the head of Slocan Lake.  On MacDonald Creek, on the ArrOAV-  head slope, eighteen locations Avere made  last Aveek, and the assays from these  claims' run Arery high in gold and copper  with a little silver. Alex. McLane has  made several good strikes there. Three  of these claims, belonging to Alex. Mc  Lane and Byron Burton, Avere bonded  the other day for $20,000, by a Scotch  Company represented by J. G. DeA'iin.  All the lots haA'e been sold in Mineral  City. Burton City, seven miles'away.on  the Columbia River, is also making  headAvay.  At the Needles there is another town-  site to be put on the market shortly, and  to be called Needles City. A trail has  been opened to the White SAvan mineral  claim. This trail opens up about eighteen  claims, three of which are owned by the  Aaron's Rod Mining Company. These  are free gold propositions, running from  $83 to $177. Needles is the only natural  landing on Lower Arrow Lake for this  rich district.  There has been a rush to some rich  ground betAveen Pingston and Fosthall  creeks, and over forty claims have been  located there, carrying galena. One ledge  is said to be forty yards wide and traceable for four miles.  Nakusp itself is busy and forging ahead.  A force of men are building the new boat  for the C. P. R. to be called The Flyer,  which is to make a round trip daily bet-  Aveen Arrowhead and Robson.  P.Genelle is. running hissaAA'mill night  and day and is unable to keep up with  the orders coming in.  The steamer Lytton went Thursday to  ReArelstroke and the Upper Columbia,  making her first successful trip through  Death rapids.  _The Trail smelter is shipping 100 tons  of lime rock a day from the quarries at  Nakusp.  NEAV    ODDFELLOWS    LODGE.  TIIE    ROAD    TO   SANDON.  Contract Let to l'oss and  IMcDonnel on a  Per Centajye of Cost.  To-night the   Gout   Begins   his   AVeekly  Gambols at Slocan City.  The first regular meeting of the neAV  Oddfellows Lodge of Slocan City -will-  be held this evening. The lodge was  formed last iFriday evening, Avhen 12  members Avere initiated and 20 propositions for membership Avere left to be  acted upon this evening. Thirty visiting members Avere present, including  Robert Cutting and E. Sutcliffe of Sandon,   and    there    Avere    bright  Bicycle manufacturers throughout the  world will learn through the Ledgk this  week that the contract for the road from  New Denver to Sandon has been let, and  we may expect the hotels to be croAvded  with drummers for the riA'al firms.  There Avill also immediately spring up a  bicycle rivalry between the tAvo towns,  in which New Denver is bound to be  ahead, because the girls of Sandon, until  the road is finished, haA'e noAvhere to  practice except on the roof; while our  NeAV Denver girls can ride to a swimming seance on the lake shore or to  church service on Sundays, and so' become proficient in both the secular and  sectarian use of the machine.  There Avere four bids for the making of  the n8Av road from here to Three Forks,  Avith a little difference of $1,100 a mile  betAveen the loA\rest and the highest  bidder. For this reason the names of  the bidders are not giA'en. The loA\-est  had evidently mistaken a stringer for a  ledge, and had no idea of the amount of  dirt throwing that Avas imrolved; and  the highest a rich pocket that he believed would maintain its.Avidth. The one  could have made half the road for the  amount of his bid; the other could have  made a good road for double the money  on hand to pay for it.  Under these circumstances the road  committee acted Avith unusual concupis-  ence in awarding the contract to the  firm offering to do the Avork on a per  centage basis, and the firm of Foss &  McDonnel, Avhich has built se\-eral of  the best Avagon roads in this neighborhood, obtained the aAvard.  This firm offers to build the road for  15 per cent, 'above actual cost, to be ascertained by the pay-rolls, it making the  survey, providing all tools (except powder, fuse and caps) and paying for timekeeper and cook. Say the road is five  miles, and reckoning the cost at $1,400 a  mile Avill make it $7,000, of Avhich Foss  & McDonald will get 15 per cent and pay  out of it cost of suiwey, superintendence  of the Avork, and Avages of timekeeper  and cook. Therefore, the firm will not  make too much out of it, as the survey  would haA-e cost from $500 upAvards, and  it, has noAv made such a reputation for  road making that it cannot afford to  scamp the job in any AA'ay.  To pay for the road the ProA'incial government has made an appropriation of  $8,500. NeAV Denver has subscribed  $2,050, Sandon $2,000, and Three Forks  naught, naught, naught. That is, the  tradesmen, merchants and hotel keepers  of Three Forks. In Sandon's contribution is included $500 from the concentrator people, $250 from George Hughes,  and $100 from George Petty of the  Monitor mine.  Mr. Foss is iioav on the road making  the survey and putting in his grade  stakes, and he has the men and the  plant ready to folloAV him immediately.  The exact line of the road cannot, of  course, be stated until the survey is completed, but the general plan is to cross  tlie creek above the slaughter house���  building a new bridge for the purpose as  the government appropriation for a  bridge loAver doAvn is too small to con.  sider it in any Avay permanent���to pass  near the loAver tunnel of the Mountain  Chief and keep on the same side of the  creek until Three Forks is reached.  The idea of the committee is to open  up direct communication with Sandon  by as good a road as can be made, and  there is an understanding that if the  present available funds . fall short the  Provincial government may be called  upon for an additional $1000. The first  mile of the neAV road will be rather tough  on the short-winded girls avIio ride a  bike in long skirts, but the grade up the  rest of it, all the way to Sandon, will  never exceed 2-V�� per cent.  been the death of Kentuckian.   It AA-as  very nearly the death of Abe.  He came down from Ten Mile with the  fixed idea of Avalking into Thorburn's  bar at Silverton and saying something.  Instead of this, Avhen the boat got to the  Avharf at Silverton, he Avalked off the  gang plank into the lake and never said  a word.  Walter Gladstone Martin, of NeAV  Denver, jumped in after him and tOAved  him up to the Avharf, Avhere a dozen  hands Avere outstretched to save the life  of the man Avho Walter had rescued  from a Avatery grave. Then Abe gave  tongue and AAras so much ashamed of  being saved that his language Avas as the  smoke from a Mississippi steamboat.  Abe clambered on the wharf, but then  another difficulty was presented. The  steamboat captain refused to permit him  on board, on the ground that Abe Avas  too full to carry Avithout spilling, and his  license did not permit him to take the  responsibility.  KNIGHTS   OF   PYTHIAS.  AJAX A SHIPPER  Good Showing Made by the  New Management.  SEVENTEEN MEN AT WORK  Visited and   Complimented hy the Grand  Chancellor of British Columbia.  Brother J. E.Evans, grand chancellor  of the Knights of Pythias of British  Columbia, \risited the Ncav Denver  lodge on Monday evening and tlie Sandon lodge on Wednesday evening, at  each place giving the members a talk  on tha ceremonial and secret work of  the order, shoAving bow it should be  done to be done properly. To the NeAV  DenArer boys the grand chancellor Avas  particularly complimentary. The fifty  members, he said, comprised excellent  material; they had a nice lodges and it  gave promise of being the banner lodge  of British Columbia.. ���  ��� After the lodge Avork tlie members  adjourned to a fine spread prepared for  them at the New Market hotel, and  many toasts were drunk and Avitty  spee'ehes made. In proposing the toast  of "The Press" the distinguished |  visitor took occasion to say some very  nice things indeed about the Ledge.  There are twenty lodges in the province, Avith a mem. ership of nearly  2,000. Here is the list: .Vancouver 3.  Victoria 2, Ncav Westminster 2, Na-  uainio, Duncan's, Kamloops, Langley,  Trail, Rossland. Vernon, Wellington,  Northfield, Courtley, Union, Ncav Denver and Sandon. Mr. Evans hopes to  add to this list Kaslo and Nelson.  The Force to be Increased as Rapidly  as New Ground can be Opened  Up in the Mine.  ,-i  BIG    BEND    CANYON.  The  Lytton    Makes   a   Successful  Through Death Rapids.  Trip  The steamer Lytton started from  Nakusp last week to re-open navig-ation  on the Columbia above Revelstoke to  Big Bend. The latter Avas a camp of  famous richness as far back as the  sixties, and has only been held back by  lack of transportation facilities. For  thirty years no 'steam boat has made  the trip up, the last one beingthe Forty-  Niner, which made trips from April 16th  to June 20th, IS 16.  The Lytton started from Revelstoke  on Thursday, in command -of Captain  Troup, commodore of the C. P. Ii. fleet,  and Captain Albert Forsland. A number of passengers Avent up, but got off  Avhen the canyon Avas reached to watch  the steamer battle -with tlie ripples.  She made the trip successfully, taking  up a large amount of freight," and has  returned to Nakusp to be fixed up.  Whether she will continue the Big Bend  run has not yet been decided.    k  AN   editorial' opinion.  SANDOX'S   NEW   CLIJK.  On    (In;   Prosperous    Condition    of  Lake Towns and  Sandon.  the  It  Will  Lead  the  so  Sloean  nnd  Named.  Should  l��e  speeches   and  Ben Robertson  an    excellent    supper,  formallv   installed  the  THE   CALIJFORNIA   TO   START.  A. G. Marks came over from Nelson  during the Aveek and looked OA'er the  California property, adjacent to Ncav  Denver. He avUI return on the 20th with  a number of pack horses that he Avill  purchase to carry material and supplies  to the mine, and Avill at once start tAvo  gangs at Avork in the tunnels.  Kokanee   Citv   Next.  At the head of Kokanee creek and adjoining the Mollie Gibson mine, a neAV  tOAvnsite has been surveyed and divided  into lots. The town is to be called  Kokanee, and its inhabitants. Avhen they  become numerous enough to haA'e a  name, Avill be called the Kokakanucks.  neAV   lodge,   and the  folioAving Avere  chosen as officers of the organisation:  Vice-  Secre-  T. B.  Linton; Permanent Secre-  William   Meldrum;   Treasurer,  Noble   Grand,   A.  E.  Teeter  Grand, Paul Hauck; Recording  tary,  tary,  William Clougli.  THE  SLOCAN  STAR.  The force at the Slocan Star haf 'teen  increased. The long tunnel is inSSO feet  and it is thought from the indications  that the ledge will be touched Avium 20  more feet haA'e been dm-en. The capacity of the mill is to be increased to  200 tons a day. Another set of rolls lias  been ordered from The Hamilton Iron  Works avIio haA'e the use of Aliis &Co.'s  patterns in Canada, and the foreman is  iioav in the states Avith a view to getting-  pointers for other improA'ementsV There  is no truth in the rumor about the Star  suspending operations.  Carpenters begun work on Monday  brief j morning on the premises leased for the  the rooms of the neAV club. These take  in the Avhole second story of the three  buildings from the Harris corner up to  the Hotel Filbert, a total length of nearly ninety feet, and more available space |  than any club in the Kootenays has.  There Avill be billiard rooms, all fitted up  in the most tasteful and comfortable  manner.  It is expected that the fitting and decorations will be completed in two Aveeks,  and that the hcav club Avill be opened by  i: -'smoker," or concert at Avhich smoking and moistening Avill be permitted, on  the evening of next Monday week.  There are alreadv nearlvsixtv members.  John M. O'Brien, the able editor of  the Vancouver World, recently came  down to the beautiful Slocan lake for  his health, and in Avritirig to his newspaper of his trip through the Kootenays  he has this to say of the lake and  Sandon:  ': The  and Trai  goes Avith eyes Avide open to sec  is to be seen���and there is much  t  Children away up on a mountain side,  some six thousand feet above sea leA'elr  Avhere the trails are as steep as a roof,  and AA'here the loneliness is only accentuated by a feAv stray miners hunting for  Avork and the explosions in the bow.els  of. the earth, telling that silver dollars  are being bloAvn out of the rock���children in such a scene, Avhen suddenly  come upon', giA'e one a start of surprise.  There Avere four little chubby youngsters  playing on the precipitious slopes above  the Ajax mine the other day, picking:  berries and jumping about as fearlessly  as mountain kids.  These are the children of W. W.  Warner, Avho had a lease of the Ajax  mine, and installed his wife and family  in a comfortable log cabin near the mine  Avhile he AA'as Avorking the property.  Having but a lease on the property he  naturally did no development Avork,  but picked out the ore that could be  gotten out at the least expense. ���  Nearly a month ago the property Avas  purchased from Wm. Braden, of Helena,  Mont., by Edwin Wallace, aat1io set out  to deA'clop it as soon as the papers AA'ere  signed. Mr. Wallace has some mining  interests at Baker City, Ore., and he  telegraphed for Albert Straughan, of the  Rachel mine there, to come and take  charge. If three Aveeks Avork may be  accepted as a promise of Avhat this bright  young man is capable of as a mining  superintendent, Mr. Wallace has made  no mistake in his selection. The mine  is uoav in ship shape order and is looking  very Avell, Next month it will be a  shipper.  There are five tunnels on the property,  four on the Ajax claim and one on the  CroAvn Point claim. No. 1 tunnel is in  150 feet right on the ledge and sIioavs ore  in the bottom most of theAvay of a Avidth  of from tAvo to six inches. A gang is  clearing this out and re-timbering it preparatory to driving it further.  Tunnel No. 2 is in 55 feet, and men are  Avorking there taking out clean galena.  No. 3 is a neAV tunnel started by Mr.  Straughan and is in 12 feet. This is also  on the lead and the ore body is continuous of a Avidth from eight to tAvelve  inches. They driA'e ahead three or four  feet and then break doAvn the ore and.  sack it for shipment.  No. 4 tunnel is an example of the unscientific Avay in Avhich the property has  previously been Avorked. It was started  on a small stringer of galena which after  100 feet turned into the hanging Avail  and Avas lost, the real ledge being several  feet to the left. Mr. Straughan is gradually turning this tunnel to the left to  intercept the ledge. When the Avriter  Avas in this crosscut there Ave re strong  indications that the ore body was within  a few days' Avork.  Ore has been taken out of the CroAvn  Point tunnel, Avhich is on the other side  of the gulch, but Avhen Mr. Wallace took  possession the mouth of this tunnel Avas  covered up and hidden completely by  the dump from a stope that had been  made above its entrance. This being  cleared aAvay the tunnel was found to be  in 7S feet, Avhere it turns to tlie left,  probably folloAving a stringer until it  Avas lost. Had the miners gone further  they Avould have broken out into daylight. A crosscut has now been run to  the right aud Avhen in 12 feet the hanging Aval 1 Avas struck. This is an experimental crosscut to prove the Avidth of  the ledge at that point.  Considerable surface Avork has been  done immediately above the entrance to  this tunnel, and some A'ery rich ore taken  out.    Some of it will  run  as high as 500  traveler through the Slocan  sections of this province who j ounces silver and (>5 per cent, lead  ill that  ABES   FATAL    STEP  One  Drop too Much and He ivas too  Full  to   Handle.  Abe Leggett, the breeze from Ten Mile  creek, took more Avater in his Avhiskey  on Sunday night than  he has ever been  -and  o coiiA-erse, Avith those Avhose opinions  carry weight, must force himself to the  conclusion that Kootenay is destined to  become not'only populous but a Vast  ore-producing portion of British  Columbia.  "Along Slocan lake, with its three.  beautifully located tOAvns, New Denver,  Silverton and Slocan City, there are not  lacking evidences of thrift and plenty.  Avhile iie.A\- milling properties, rich beyond the dreams of av;iriee. are constantly being discovered.  ������ Sandon is as busy a centre of trade  and commerce as can lie found, proportionately, in the country today. It is  unfortunate truly in its townsite. but  its (lifiicultv in this  respect onlv brings  Seventeen men are now Avorking on  the Ajax, and the force will be increased  as fast as new ground can be opened up.  It is Mr. Wallace's intention to drive  the tunnels and gain depth as rapidly as  possible. He believes there is a large  body of ore at a short distance from the  breasts of the present tunnels.  ���Jim Woolerv'  (l(��i(I  Luek.  sheriff of  known to do  in  all  together.    So  much  out the more forcibly   the  extent of its  his jolly sprees put j AA'orking population and its  stability as  Avater Avould have ! a producing camp.''  ���'���Jim" Woolerv, erstAvhih  King Co.. Wash'., who hung out his  shingle at Slocan City for a few months  last spring, has struck it rich, so it is  said, in the. Boundary country, Avhere  lie has been prospecting for four or fiA'e  Aveeks. Fifteen miles from Eureka he  and his partners. Tom McCorry of  Seattle and Dave Snyder, have, located  four claims which are considered the  equal of anything in the Eureka camp.  They have named the camp the Sheridan and a regular stampede awis made  to it. 2  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUG-TJST 12, 1897.  Fourth Year.  PAST    GOLD   FEVERS  Raged  Over the  Coast  Out Again.  and  Avhen the miners forced their way up it  in canoes to look for gold, but the Klondike region is the most remote from  civilization, the most utterly, isolated,  Died uninhabited and desolate, and the climate the most unfavorable of all the  regions Avhere gold has yet been discovered.  THE FRASER RIVER EXCITEMENT  In 1852 About 7,000 Persons Were  Mining on a Little Square  Tract at Bailarat.  It is about 40 years since any great  -wave of excitement on account of rich  gold discoveries swept over this coast,  so it is not to be Avondered at that the  generation which has groAvn up during  that time has gone Avild over Jthe accounts received from Klondike, backed  -up by the arrival of lucky miners Avith  their well-filled sack of dust. It is  mostly the younger people, hoAvever,  who are thrilled by this excitement.  Tlie older residents of  the  coast have  IN warm mezico.  F. E. Dickinson, of Minneapolis, talks  about Mexico in the following Avay:  "Mexico is no place for a man with-no  money, but you mustn't suppose that  one must be a millionaire to do business  there. After a careful study of the situation I am convinced that for a man  avIio has from $3,000 to $5,000 there are  much better opportunities in Mexico  than in the United States. Mexico is  just getting fairly started on an era of  general deA'elopment. Modern methods  are being introduced into business affairs  and modern machinery into manufactories. The cities are spending large  sums of money putting in sewerage,  lighting and electric rail AA'ay systems.  The people generally, and the government especially. Avelcome all comers Avho  honestlv intend to invest monev   and  passed through a number of mining ex  citements since the days of 'Wand '19,  when the rush to California -folloAved  the discovery of gold in that then almost unknown and sparsely inhabited  country, and rich discoveries are such  an old;" old story to them that no odds  hoAV Avonderful the stories told, their  nerves have become steadied and they  "feel that thrill no more."  There are numbers of hale and hearty  men in this city and state avIio took  part in the rusli to California in '49,  many of them being pioneer residents  of this state avIio Avent to the California  mines and 'returned to settle content-  e.dlv on their farms, some having made  a. '''stake," Avhich gave them a  start, and others to go to work to re  coup themselves for then-  good  ;o  lost time and  monev, savs the Portland Oregonian.  'For 10 years after the discovery of  gold in California a succession of mining excitements passed over this coast  until the country,ifrom the Mexican line  to Alaska, had been explored and found  to contain rich mines. The first rush  was to the A'alley of the Sacramento  and its tributaries, then the A'alleys of  the Klamath, the Columbia and the  Eraser, and finally, Cariboo, Peace river  and the Stickeeii Avere invaded and  proved more or less rich, and uoav the  vallev of the Yukon is added to the list.  Thousands flocked to these streams, a  feAv made fortunes and the many, after  enduring hardships and sufferings, returned poor, naked and hungry. The  SAvarms that invaded California in 1819  soon spread all over the state, and in  1850 moved over into Oregon. Rich  diggings Avere discovered around Jacksonville, aud the miners pushed their  Avay up the Columbia into Idaho and  Montana, the only route to those regions  being by the valley of the Columbia.  Rich mines Avere found at Salmon river,  Oro Fino and many other places, and in  tlie Bitter Root mountains and farther  on in Montana. These A\'ere the days  when the Oregon Steam iNavigation  Company Avas formed, and Ladd, Reed,  Ainsworth, Thomoson, Kamm and  others laid the foundations of their fortunes.  FKASEIi jIUVKIt.  Then in 185(3 and the years folloAving  came the Eraser river excitement, which  brought riches to some and disaster to  many. All Avho took part in the rush  and excitement will pray that the  country may never see such another.  People* Avent Avild all OA'er the coast,  and flocked in croAvds to Victoria, then  principally a fort of the Hudson's Bay  CompanyT Most of them had but little  idea Avltere the Eraser river .ras or  Iioav they Avere to get there. There  were no steamers running to the Fraser,  nor any for some time from Victoria to  the Fraser. All the boats, canoes and  dugouts aA-ailable could only take a feAv  of the I people who Avanted to go, and  they collected in camp at Victoria till  there Avere, it A\ras said, 20,000 people  to celebrate' the Fourth of July in  '58, or thereabouts. Deposits of gold  were found along the Fraser from 50  miles above the mouth to the Rocky  mountains, some (>00 miles, and at some  places diggings as rich as those reported at Klondike Avere found���as at Cariboo, Antler creek and . many other  places. Later there Avere rushes to  Ominica, Peace river and many other  districts. Probably about the last great  rush, and one of the most disastrous  of all, AA'as to the Stickeen river, some  time about 1875. Hundreds begged  their way home from Stickeen, bare-  " ! develope the resources of the republic.  The Mexican gOA'ernment will do almost  anything in tlie Avay of concessions to  Americans it believes to be Avell-in-  tentioned.  "There are openings for Americans who  haA'e a little capital in almost every line  of business and manufacturing. Americans are taking advantages of the opportunities, too, and you can find them  everyAvhere. The future of mining in  Mexico is especially bright. Long  thought to be exclusively a silver-producing country, immense quantities of  gold are uoav being found along the  Pacific coast, and some of the old mining regions Avhich have been the source  of millions and millions of silver are  iioav being staked into gold claims. But  man}' of the silver mines there are so  rich "that there is still opportunity to  make fortunes in silver mining. When  I was in Durango they opened a ucav  mine near there Avhich was yielding  tAveh'e ounces of sih-er to every sixteen  ounces of ore. The gold in Guerreo,  Sonora and Jalisco causes but little excitement doAvn there, though I really  believe that Alaska has nothing to offer  that will compare with the-Mexican gold  fields.  "As for the price of living in Mexico I  believe there must have been some misunderstanding during the last campaign  in this country. You can get good board  in the City of Mexico���as good as at any  $2 a clay house in Minneapolis���for $30  or $40 a month. As a rule, I didn't find  prices there much higher than in this  country. The silver standard in the  United States and the silver standard in  Mexico are tAvo different things, but the  Mexicans seem to be getting along very  well. J. H. Robertson, the extensiA'e  miner and manufacturer, of Monterey,  told me that the- loAver silver exchange  goes, the better it is for Mexico. He said  he didn't care if it AA'ent to 2)4 cents.  Every cent silver falls makes a cent more  on the natural protective duty, which  causes Mexican manufacturers to smile.  Falling prices of shVer bullion make it  pleasant for the Mexican manufacturer,  because it takes more and more Mexican  money to purchase goods in foreign  countries, Avhile the prices of his articles  remain about the same, no matter Iioav  Ioav silver goes.  "I am of the opinion that this country  ought to do all it can to encourage trade  Avith Mexico; but it seems to me that  the recent tariff bill will divert to other  countries all business that the Mexicans  are not forced to send to us. The new  duty on cattle, hides and other Mexican  products is especially denounced by the  Mexicans, as they feel that it is a kind  of discrimination against them.  "No one needs to stay aAvay from Mexico on account of the climate. While it  is Arery hot at the seacoast, a hundred  miles inland will bring you to a delightful climate. That of the City of Mexico  seems to be ideal. 1 Avas very much impressed Avith the city and consider it a  splendid residence place."  footed, hungry nnd ragged.  While these various ciiscoA'eries Avere  being-made on this'coast, gold Avas also  found in tin; Antipodes, "iii Australia  there was a rush to Bailarat in '51 and  '52. In '5-2, 7,000 persons Avere minin��"  on a mile square tract at Bailarat. and  by the end of that year had turned out  .?i(i,0i)0.00i). In New Zealand rich mines  were discovered in 1.85'}. Such is the  excitable nature, of miners and their  tendency to rush off to new and rich  strikes.' that many California 'miners  Avent lo Australia, and liianycame from  there to this coast.  I.AUGUST  XIJliGUTS.  The largest nuggets ever discovered  were found in Australia. The -'Sarah  Sands" nugget Avcighed 2*3 pounds,  troy. Others weighed 185 and 111  pounds, and one. exhibited at the Paris  exposition Avas A-aiued at 850,000.  Gold has been found in every quarter  of the globe, and in about every country on earth, including many' of the  states of this Union. It has been  sought after and valued as far back as  history or tradition runs. Heathen nations have made idols of it. The Israelites made a calf of it to Avorship.  and lavished vast amounts of it on "the  temple."  The Spaniards thirsted for it Avhen  they discovered America. Corfez found  it in Mexico; Pizarro in Peru, when he  persuaded Atahualha to scrape together  some Siri.oO'.i.uoO worth for him.  The history of its discovery and collection in all times and in all ages is  doubtless the same. A fe.AV get rich  Avhile many go broke!. The stories  from Klondike"arc doubtless as nearly  true, as can be expected. It has always  been that the farther the mines Avere  away the richer they were. California  was'an almost unkoAvn country Avhen  gold Avas discovered there. The Columbia basin was wild and unsettled  Avhen the miners poured up through its  basin: the Fraser river ran through a  wild inhospitable and far-.-uvay romitry  HAKD    LUCK    STORIES.  In these days of excitement OA'er the  Klondike bonanzas, Avhen the popular  craze is increased by the public display  of nuggets, it is Avell to give the reverse  side the picture, and to show that all  Avho go to the Yukon do not find fortunes. Albert Rosenlund, the Manager  of the California Market Restaurant, of  San Francisco, has received the folloAA--  ing letter from his brother Theodore,  Avho has been three years in the Arctic:  Eagle Creek,   May   10,   1897.���Dear  Brother:   I hope this letter -will reach  you in good health and also everybody  else.   1 am very Avell myself at present,  although last summer" and  fall I was  A'ery sick.    I have been out all winter  j prospecting in partnership  with  a big  ! Swede named C. A. Anderson,  but Ave  j found nothing of any value.  !    You must by this time have heard  j about the. big strike found on Klondike,  ��� the biggest find as yet in any part of the  i United States and Alaska, but I am not  , in it.    I was at Klondike a month before  the stampede, but when it came I. could  not go there, as I was A'ery sick.   I wish  I had been able to go. as l  might  have,  got some good claim  and made enough  to go back  to  San   Francisco.    But  I  suppose, my time is not yet come.    I am  interested in  seven  claims  in this sec-  I tion, but after the. Klondike, excitement  i they are. altogether Avorthless, and they  I avUI   hardly   pay  wages   for  Avorking. |  | But if the people had not all gone to the  i iicav fields I could haA'e sold out to some  | profit, but uoav it is impossible unless  I there should be a Avhole lot of neAv men  j coming in Avith money avIio  want to  speculate.  j    All   the   Circle City money is   uoav  I going   to   the   Klondike.    Claims   are  i selling there as high as from 820,000 to  I 850,000 apiece.  There is one man Avhom  : 1 luu'o. given many a meal to keep from  starving while at Forty   Mile (Ave  call  him Jimmy.)    He has got the best claim  and refuses 850.oOO for it.  This summer I am  going to  stay all  by myself up on Birch creek, about 120  miles from Circle City aud about fifteen  miles from here, as my partner is going  to Mastodon creek to Avork for Avages.   I  have got a good bar  there on Avhich  I  think I can rock out about one ounce a  ; day.  If I can't I Avill come OA'er to Eagle  ; and work for Avayes enough for a grub  ; stake.  BRAINY   ASS3AYS.  "I wonder," said the man of statistical turn���"I wonder how much powder  is destroyed daily in useless salutes?"  "There must be a lot," said the fri\-ol-  ous girl; "but I suppose womeii will go  on kissing one another, just the same."  ���Indianapolis Journal.  Lady (after going over the Avhole  stock of blankets)���"You needn't show  me any more, I only came in to look  for a "friend Avith whom I had an appointment here." Perspiring shopman  (politely)���"If you think your friend is  among*the blankets,'madam,.I shall be  happv to go over them again for vou."  ���Tit-Bits.  "See here, young man, I'll have to  take you in. Your lantern's out."  "Hokfon, officer, 111 explain. You see  I bought one of these two-dollar bicycle  suits this afternoon, and it burst on me  ten miles from home.'"Now, I'm trying  to get back as quietly as lean in the  dark. You see the' necessitv of it?"  "That's all right���go ahead.'"���Cleveland Plain-Dealer.  It is necessary to repeat his remarks.  When his Avife heard them imperfectly,  being in the next room, she said : "Oh,,  do say that over.again, dear." "Look  here,"woman," he replied in a concentrated, .'voice, '-'when a man gets his  finger caught betAveen a sprocket and  a chain, it'is no time for his Avife to get  funny." "Oh !" said she; "Avas that it?  I thought you were, repeating one of  those Christian Endeavor 'yells."'���Indianapolis Journal.  "Oh, I .had such a Avonderful dream  last!" said the innocent young heiress,  crossing the gypsy fortune-teller's  'wrinkled palm with silver; "Idreamed  I saw a sweet little. Cupid coming to-  Avard me through the suoav. He Avas  dressed so oddly, for he wore nothing  but a silk hat and a linen duster trimmed with fur; and he seemed very  hungry; for ever, uoav and then he made  a snoAA^ball and ate it. Tell me. good  dame, what my dream portends!"  ."My poor "child!" answered the  seeress,'.-while the tears chased each  other doAvn her furrowed cheeks like  forty dogs after a cat; try to hear the  awful truth���you -will marry an actor.  There is no other possible 'interpretation of such a dream."���Puck.  The folloAving story is credited to the  Syracuse Standard : "A Wisconsin farmer is said to have written to a firm of  boilermakers as follOAVS:  "Dere Sirs,���I have 1000 akers of  trees that I Avant cut. I'm pore, but I  am willing to pay too hundred dolers  fer an engin that will do my work."  The firm replied that the machine required to do what was wanted would  cost about ��3,000. A Aveek passed, and  then the .following pithy epistle came  back from the Wisconsin avoocIs :  "Dere Sirs,���W^at in hqxl aa'ucI I  want of a biler if I had 83000?"  People who say that Canadians are  sIoav can't refer to the mine-boomers of  Toronto. Tavo days after the neAvs came  down of the big finds on the Klondike,  the Toronto papers were advertising ten-  cent shares in new gold companies formed to Avork on the Yukon. Toronto is a  great mining town. For the kind of  mines that you put the money in.  An old Swedish farmer Avho lives on  the Baltimore and, Ohio road had the  misfortune to lose a.A'aluable colt. The  animal jumped out of a pasture, ran  doAvn the raihvay, and Avas caught in a  cut by an express train. The claim-  agent" went out to effect an amicable  settlement, if possible, with the old  man. "We are A'ery sorry, of course,  that this affair happened," said the rail-  AvaA man,, "and I hope it will not be  necessary for us to go into court." The  old farmer looked at him suspiciously  and shifted about uneasily, but said  nothing. "You must remember," continued the claim-agent, "that your colt  Avas a trespasser on our property when  the accident occurred. We don't Avant  any litigation, however, if AA'e can help  it, and.AveM like to arrange a settlement  AA'ith you oh a friendly basis." "Yell,"  sloA\-ly said the SAvede, "Ay tal you. Ay  bin sorry das fool colt runned on de railroad track, but Ay bin poor man. Ay  skal.give you tAA'o dollar!"  George Minielly, of Kaslo, AA'ent to  church last Sunday evening for the first  time in seven years. During his absence  a sneak-thief" entered   his   apartments       ���. George  says ������������������  Bank of Montreal.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40  Sir Donald A. Smith, G-.C.M.G. President.  Hon. Gr. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E.S.Clouston, General Manager,  A. MACNiDERr Chief Inspector & Supt. of Branches.  A. B. Buchanan, Inspector of Branch returns.  W. S. Clouston,  Assistant Inspector.  James Aird, Secretary.  Branches in alljparts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  A general banking business transacted  Because there   were  and   what did  it  sentence:. Why  no Christians! *  Terrible  witness!  mean?  There are no grog-shops, and therefore the people are happy, prosperous  and contented. Alas! not content Avith  destroying our oavu land and our own  people, Ave Englishmen have carried Avith  us Avherever we have gone this corroding curse of; drink. To quote the late  Archbishop of York, AA'e have girdled the  globe Avith a zone of drunkenness, Ave  have incurred the curse which Christ  pronounced upon those who offended his  little ones, for Ave have laid a stumbling-  block before the helpless childhood of  the Avorld.  Eight centuries of noble deeds do not  atone for the devil's work of .one. England has not only stained, she has polluted Avith drink and honey-combed AA'ith  foul disease the lives of those races who  Avill survive their contact with her. How  can Ave avoid the guilt of this..terrible national indictment?   We cannot.  National crime, says Oliver CromAvell,  is a thing which God AA'ill reckon for,  and I Avish it may not lie on this nation  a day longer than you may have opportunity to find a remedy.  Alas! There is too much reason to  think that England is too deeply sunk  iu greed, and sloth, and custom, and appetite to shake it off at all. Her easy,  comfortable classes -will continue to fortify themselves behind her entrenched  quadeilateral of ignorance, custom, appetite and interest, and these evils Avill  Avreak i;-and rot until the pit SAvalloAvs  them.  Balancing-   Accounts.  J. A. McKinnon & Co.,  General Merchants  Silverton, B. C.  Ship goods to any part of the District.       Their store is the  largest in  the Slocan country.  c. s.  RASHDALL,  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  A thick-set, ug-ly-lpoking- felloAv  and stole a good suit of clothes  that this ends his church going.  "Christianity" a Curse.  In eastern lands and in ancient days  distillation Avas unknOAvn, alcohol AA'as  unknoAvn, Avine Avas the pure fermented  juice of the grape, not the frightful fire-  AA'ater Avhich burns out men's vitals and  coagulates in their veins to blast them  into madness and delirium. Public  houses in the East were'non-existent;  temptation A\'as not flaunted upon the  helpless; millions of money AA'as not accumulated by the artificial fostering of  human misery.  Sir Henry Layard, an entirely impartial obseiwer, said of the tOAvn of Sinister, an eastern town of thirteen thousand inhabitants in Persia, that the inhabitants were clean, happy and prosperous,  and then he adds this  frightful  Avas  seated on a bench in the public park, and  seemed to be reading" some Avritinsr on  a sheet of paper which he held in his  hand.  "You seem to be much interested in  your Avriting"," I said.  "Yes; I've been fig-uring-my account  Avith Old Alcohol, to see just Iioav Ave  stand,"  "And he comes out ahead, I sup-  pose r  "Everv time; and he has lied like  sixty."  *  "Hoav did you come to haA'e dealing-s  Avith him in the first place?"  "That's Avhat IVe been writing". You  see, he promised to make a man of me,  but he made a beast. Then he said he  would brace me up, but he has made  me go staggering- round and then thrcAA'  me into the ditch. He said I must drink  to be social. Then hematic me quarrel  Avith my best friends, and to be the  laughing' stock of my enemies. He  g-ave me a black eye and a broken nose.  Then I drank for the good of my health.  He ruined the little f had, and left me  sick as a dog'."  "Of course."  "He said he would warm me up ; and  T AA'as soon nearly frozen to death. He  said he would steady my nerves.; but  instead he jrave me' delirium tremens.  He said lie would give me g-reat  strength ; and lie made" ine helpless."  "To be sure."  "He promised me courage."  "Then Avhat folloAved?"  "Then he made me a coAvard, for I  beat my sick wife and kicked my little  child. He said he AA'ould brighten my  Avits ; but instead he made act like a  fool, and talk like an idiot, He promised to make a g-ontleman of me ; but he  made me a tramp,"���Exchange.  Ways of a Swedish '12 ride.  CORRESPONDENCE  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,  SOLD  and BONDED   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing-  the largest in the Slocan -  rooms  carry the stock  Kooten ay, in sh o w r ooms  covering  3,000 feet of floor space.  Everything for a Mansion or Cottage at  torn  One hundred dozen of chairs to select from  direct from the factories at prices low as the  lowest. D. U. CROWLEY, practical upholsterer, with a staff of mechanics, can make  anything to order.  Undertaking a Specialty.  Note the address:  Sixth Street.  Above the Ledge office,  New Denver.  The Swedish bride fills her pockets  Avith bread, which she dispenses to  eA'eryone she meets on her Avay to the  church, every piece she disposes of  averting-, as she beliOA*es, a misfortune.  Four-year-old Robbie ran breathlessly  into the house, just as the sound of  bagpipes Avere heard coming up the  street. "Oh, mamma," he said, "there's  a man out there Avith a dead pig that I  sings; come quick." ��  Freight paid on goods to Sandon, Slocan City and all Lalie points.  J.R.&B.&araeroR  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing*  ���: in the:���  -   Latest Style  ���: of the : ���  Tailofs  Apt.  shops^THREE FOBKS & SANDON  ^ammwvnammuaaassapsssBctm  Mrs. S, 5. Warner.  KASLO, B.C.  Hiss E. P. Case.  <3FR,  Is a new house, newlv furnished in the latest stvle:   has the benefits of all modern conveniences,  electric, lighted, steam heated, bath rooms, etc.       It has large, airy rooms  and affords  the most comfortable  Assay Outfit For Sale,  price S'28u. cash.  Vorth   S5:")(j;  and commodious accommodations in the Kootenav.  and get the best room in town at no greater expense,  or resident families.        Corner 5th and Avenue A.  Go direct to The Langham when you arrive in Kaslo,  This house offers special inducements to large parties  H. M. Sanoilands, Sandon. Fourth Yeah.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUGUST 12, 1897.  'CAJLT.    ME    KAHLY,   MOTHER."  The following from the Seattle Post  Intelligencer gives some idea of the  principal topic of conversation and  thought in the Queen City just iioav:  You must wake and call me early,  Call me early, mother dear;  At quarter after nine the shin  Is advertised to clear.  EleA'Cn days I've stood it off  And tried to keep it down;  But I'll be goslied if I remain.���  The only man in town.  Mv temiierature ia going up,  The fever's in my veins,  Tlie gold cure is tlie thing-1 need;  I'll" take it in large grains.  Quite long enough I've walked the hill  To save the cable fare;  Too long the grindstone's done its worst;  My nose won't stand the wear.  Tlie frozen north is getting warm,  With nuggets thick as flics,  A man now lias a chance to Avin  A fortune ere he dies.  I've pan andshovel, lots of grub,  Warm clothing, rubber boots,  So wake, and calfine early  When the Klondike steamer toots.  A   HOT   ROOF.  Matt Sinclair's Letter  to a Nanaimo  from the Klondike  Man.  DISCOVERY    OF    ALASKA.  To the daring spirit of Peter the  Great belongs the honor of the llussian  expeditions which led to the discovery  of Alaska. The cv.ar conceived the  ambitious project of founding an American Russia, and thus extending his dominions OA'er three continents. The  leadership of these expeditions he entrusted to Vitus Bering, a Danish  captain in the Russian service. On  February 5,  1725, the   expedition   set  out   overland  through  Siberia, and  three days later the czar died, but his  instructions Avere faithfully carried out  by Catherine his Avife, and Elizabeth  his daughter.  This arduous work of exploring the  Siberian coast and waters continued for  10 vears before the Alaskan coast Avas  ���sighted. The second Kanischatkanex-  pedition was six years in crossing Siberia. It was in the spring of 1741 that  Bering and his lieutenant Chirikof put  out into Bering sea, aa'Iiosc waters Bc-  riiiff had discovered on his previous expedition, They had tAvo 'small vessels.  One was commanded by Bering and the  other by Chirikof. The little craft became separated at sea, and Avere never  reunited. Chirikof bore away to the  east, and! during the night of'July 15,  1741, sighted land in latitude 55.21'. It  AA'as afterwards disclosed that this  A\'as thirty-six hours in advance of Bering's discovery of the mainland of  America,  Chirikof sent a party ashore in one  of the small boats to explore the immediate country and secure fresh water.  Soon after leaving the vessel they passed around a rocky point and disappeared from sight. As they failed to  return at the appointed time, another  boat's creAv was sent ashore. Soon a  great smoke Avas seen rising  from the shore, and tAvo large canoes  filled Avith threatening natives came  out from the land. They refused to  board the strange ship, and it dawned  upon Chirikof that all the men he had  sent ashore had been massacred. This  reduced his crew to small numbers,and  Chirikof decided to return to the Kam-  schatkan coast.  The return voyage Avas attended Avith  frightful hardships and suffering.  Scurvy attacked the men, many died,  and tlie others Avere rendered helpless  by sickness. After Aveeks of this sufr  fering, the 'vessel reached the Kam-  scliatkan coast, Avith only the pilot on  deck. Chirikof.was one of the first  stricken Avith scurvy, but recovered.  Bering's party suffered even greater  hardships. After sighting the coast and  making a landing, Bering gave orders  to lift anchor and return to Kainschat-  ka. The ship become lost in the maze  of islands and AA'as Avrecked upon a  barren island. There the survivors  passed the winter, many of them dying.  Caves Avere dug in the'sandbank of a  little stream, and a scanty and uncertain food supply was obtained by kill-  ina1 sea animais and resorting to the  flesh of dead Avhales cast upon the  beach. Bering died on this island Decern ber 8, 1741.  In the spring the handful of survivors  constructed a boat from their wreekad  vessel and succeeded .in Avorking- their  way back to the Siberian coast, Avhere  they Avere received with great rejoicing,  having long been given up for dead.  Hard to Prospect.  Dawson, Klondike River, N.  W.   T,.  June 20th, 1897.���Ildon't suppose I need  give you much news from this country,  as in all probability millionaires Wilkinson and Sloan will have gh'en you all  the neAvs.    Without any doubt they  have done well.   Of course they Avere  among the lucky number, at the same  time 'in my opinion some will make  puite a little money yet.    Taking into  c onsideration the | size of the country  and the number of men that are in noAv  AA'ithout doubt some will strike it again.  The present find will perhaps last about  three years and by that time it Avill be  pretty Avell cleaned up.     As far as getting lipid of a claim is concerned,unless  you can prospect and find it somewhere  else, it is entirely out of the question. I  have little doubt but that every creek  is staked within a radius of 50 miles.    I  believe   by the middle  of September  there Avilllie plenty of  work   at  day's  Avages for all  men that Avill be in the  country this year, but if they  keep on  coming for a "year or two I at the same  rate, even the   Yukon   will   be  overstocked. 'To give you  an .idea, of the  value of the dirt, you  need never think  of buvinga claim'that vou can put any  confidence   in   under '840,000,  so  that  takes a man AA'ith capital.  Noav about the journey, it is almost  impossible for me to give you any idea  of what it is like. The suoav went  aAA'av so early this year that instead of  getting the use of the sleighs wo had to  pack- everything till we- got o\'er  summit, and even then it was very  for sleighing, and as we'wanted to  on as far as possible before avc built our  boat, avo pushed 'ahead almost night  and day, still Ave had the.pleasure of  getting in a Aveek ahead of some others  who started tAvo weeks before us, they  have all got through now- excepting  Lamb and his party and McJndoo and  his party, it is probable that they are  prospecting as they come down the  river.  We got in at 2 a.m., on the morning  of June 7, having been 48 clays from  Victoria. After having gathered together the feAv tools I had with me and  having got an apron made out of a  flour sack, I made a start on the follow-  ing morning at what is considered a  A'ery good job here; it Avill last until  about tlie end of September, and by  that time the diggings will be starting.  You can imagine what it was to work  on an iron roof to day when the thcr-  monineter registered' 95 in the shade,  still Avhen a man gets '��105 for a Aveek's  work he cannot complain of ordinary  troubles. Rough lumber is $150 per  thousand and carpenter wages $15 a  dav,so vou might-at your leisure figure  up" what a building Avill cost. No man  Avill stay in this country once he can  get out! as it is pretty hard on any one  no matter what care'you take of 'your-,  self, another trouble is you have to live  on the same thing almost all the time,  no matter whether you like it or not.  about 180,000 acres. They Avere 'worked, from 1871 to 1884, when lack of fuel  prevented the machinery from being  kept going in the winter .and the work-  ings filled1 Avith Avater. It has been estimated that ��3,500,000 in silver AA'as  produced during the thirteen years of  work.  Henry C. Sibley, a wealthy Detroiter,  and a lawyer named Marum, are the  trustees of the estate to which the property belongs. It is estimated by experts who examined the property before  it Avas abandoned, that the amount of  silver in sight noAv in the shafts and  drifts already open is ��350,000.  Mr. Nicol Kingsmill, Q. C, of this  city, acted for Mr. Sibley in securing  the English syndicate's attention to the  property, and those who know, say  that it is almost a certainty that Silver  Islet AA'ill again become one of the great  silver producing properties of the  world.���Toronto Telegram.  KNOX BROS.'  Great  Specialty  the  soft  get  pro-  from  ASHCKO.FT TIN MINE.  The parties that bought out the  perty owued by Ahearn, 10 miles  Ashcroft on the Bonaparte, are experienced miners from ConiAA'all, Bug.  They haA'e spent many years in tin  mining and they have a large body of  ore that they assert is tin ore. They  have subjected it to the usual tests and  say it is'first-class, and to make no mistake they are having" a large sample  analysed at Butte, Mont. If there is no  mistake about the grade of ore a uoav  and more than valuable industry Avill  be developed rapidly near Aslicroft.  Tin mines are scarce and always, if of  the right character, as valuable as any  gold mine.  QUICKSILVER- DISCOVERED.  A quicksilver mine has been discov-  ered outside Dartmouth on the other  side of Halifax, N. S., harbor, by Miss  Jessie Mitchell of that city. There are  large quantities of   mercury,   part   of  which has been submitted to Professor  DaAvson of OttaAA'a, whoso report Avas  favorable,'and'an English -expert also  declared the mineral to be-very valuable in quantity. Miss Mitchell, with  the assistance of friends, secured the  property on which the discovery was-  made and.a company will be organised  to develop the property. This is the  first discovery of the kind in Canada.  INDIA'S MINTS  TO RK-OPEN.  is everything in the line  of Restaurant and Bar  Silverware. We handle  only the celebrated  The ���.   *'  Windsor  Restaurant  TN NEAV DENVER,       \  I* one of the Best and Aged Cafes  in th  Silvery Slocan.  Rodger Bros'  Spoons,  Spoons,  The forthcoming  KIG    BEND    ALL    KIGHT.  Despite  Klondike  its  the   old  Own.  Camp Holds  J.   L.   Pickering:,  of Minneapolis,  talking   about   the    Klondike   and  Alaska, says:     " It is my belief that  a tenth part ot the gold of Alaska has  not been dreamed of.    It is the hardest country in the Avorld to prospect,  even for placer mining:,   and almost  impossible for quartz.    All this gold  Avhich lies along   the   streams and  ocean, tells of mountains of  the precious mineral hidden  under the sur  face.    But it is a terrible surface to  prospect ��� tremendous     mountains,  great gulches,   heavy forests, short  seasons and all  that sort  of   thing.  There is another apparently  insignificant obstacle, which is, nevertheless, the chiefest.   The whole Alaska  coast is covered with moss to a depth  of about a foot.      Walking  on that  moss one might pass over vast masses  of gold-bearing rock.     You can't go  along and stop and prospect every  time you encounter any rock, tor the  simple reason that the moss keeps you  from seeing the rock.   It is only by  chance that you might scrape off the  moss in the right place.    Then there  is  another  difficulty   of a  curious  nature.    Along   the coast,  at least,  the soil has been deposited and immense forests of great trees are growing on top of glaciers.     My partner  and I sank a shaft where we thought  there was a good chance for prospecting, and four feet beloAV  the surface  Ave struck  solid  ice,  the solid ice of  what we call a dead glacier.    It was  the ice of a   glacier that   had  long  since ceased to move,   but nevertheless, it Avas solid ice.     Think   of  it;  that ice must have been thousands of  years old.    It is gradually melting  but, but it will take hundreds of years  for it to be converted into water."  J. C. Montgomery, A\'ho left June 10,  returned from his lengthy prospecting  trip on Wednesday the 28th. He covered a lot of country and put in a good  deal of Avork in very bad Aveather and  he made no less than 22 locations: of  these, three Avere made on Keystone  mountain, tAvo to the north and one to  the south of the Lottie on the Silver  Shield lead. The other locations were  all made in the neAV camp���Lake V'mw  mountain���Avhich Montgomery says he  thinks is even better than that on Keystone. This mountain lies betAveen  DoAvnie and Gold Stream about 6 miles  back from LaPorte. It .runs up to the  divide (which runs N.W. & S. E.) from  the river and the claims are all located  there on Avhat might be called the  south or DoAvnie slope of the mountain.  There are five great parallel leads  there sliOAving strong and well defined,  and running so as to cross the river be-  Ioav and near Smith creek. There are  leads of arsenical iron there and some  of galena, and some of both. On the  Copper King lead there are six locations  all showing ore. carrying gold and copper. On the Grey Eagle lead there are  six more claims showing great mineral  indications of iron and galena; and betAveen these tAvo leads is another of  splendid cube galena, Avith six locations  on it. The formation there is schist  and silicous lime with occasional dykes  of black shale. Quartz, too, is all over  the mountain. The nearest claims are  but.six miles or so from the river at  DoAvnie, and can easily be fed by that  creek to the-valley. 'Montgomery has  done assessment on the Old Reliable,  Cariboo, ElDorado and Black Diamond  on Keystone and Avill soon start on the  Iron King.  J. C. Ferguson, representing the.  London & B. C. Alliance. Syndicate, arrived from-Ground Hog basin Thursday evening, and loft for the coast  Friday. He is greatly pleased Avith the  shoAving on the Ole" Bull and other  claims bonded by the syndicate and it  is uoav almost certain that they will  take up all their bonds. He has let to  Gus Lund a contract for cabins and a  60-foot shaft on the Ole Bull. Further  A\'ork would have been contracted for  uoav but for the rush on pack trains to  bring up supplies. Gus Lund leaves  to-day Avith eight men to put this AA'ork  through as they Avant the property in  shape to do more work in the winter.  Geo. L'aforine. Avent tip yesterday  Avith a party from Tacoma to look at  the Ophir claim, so  issue of the Nation-  'Review avUI contain a long article upon  the success of the American bimetallic  commission. The articleconfirms what  has already been cabled on this subject  by the correspondent of the Associated  Press, and says:  "It is noAv generally recognised by  all except ostriches tliat Great BritainV  chief contribution Avill be the. re-opening of the Indian mints, Avhicli all avIio  appreciate the question must regard as  a splendid subscription to the common  pool."  Feet for Hands.  Knives,   Forks,  Ladles,      Bar  Lemon Knives, etc"  Special rates on all  such orders. See our  latest and most artistic  designs of jewelry.  Slocan  It was in oj��eraTion when  AA'as turned against the country, and, now thatjtlie  f-'loom of the Argonaut days has disappeared, it looms  up brighter than ever as  . . . . A place where any  . . . . appetite can be satiated.  COME EARLY AXD'A VOID.THE-RL'SH.  NEW  DENVER, B.C.  There is a bright little boy living  in Portland, Ind., who uses his feet  and tees quite as cleverly as most  boys use their hands. Three years  ago he AA'as born without arms. He  has been taught, to feed and ivaic  upon himself however, and manages  to get into as much mischief as most  little boys of his age. When offered  money the little chap grasps the coin  with the toes of both feet and grasps  them as tightly as anyone could hold  Avith both hands. The child's father  and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Adam  Lee, are of Irish descent. The boy  can use a pencil Avith ease, and it is  believed he Avill soon be able to  Avrite.  Don't overlook Wilson s Hotel when  vou are in Slocan City. t  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DK.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines free of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privilege s of theabove.  For further information applv to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  New Denyer, B.C.  BOURNE  BROS,  Dc,  LERS IN  GENERAL  MFRCHANDISE,  MINERS'  SUPPLIES,  DOORS, SASH,  OATS,   BRA.-,      TC  NEW DENVER,  B.C.  Jacobsori & Co  (Lfe  '%^%^��4^v%^^'%%%%^%i^%%%%^%%%^%^''  Linton Bros  book store.  Books, Stationery,  Wall Paper,  Sporting" Goods,  Fishing Tackle,  Pipes, Cigars, Cigarettes, Tobaccoes,  Mineral Glasses, Mining' Laws & Maps.  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  Turner, Beeton & Co.  Wholesale Men-limits. Shippers and Importers  VICTORIA,   B.C.  LONDON,   ENG.  A large stock of all sized  Kootenay Branc-h-NELSON, B. C.  bags always on hand in Nelson  arge  And  Comfortable  ^^     Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates ��2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE &  PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  Is a new.house, with new furniture and everything comfortable  for the taaveling public. The bar has the best goods in the  market. ANGRIGNON BROS., Proprietors.  Contains all the famous  liquors of the present day.  The cigars are from reliable  makers and give out, when  in action, an aroma that  scents the immediate atmosphere with an odor that is  pleasing to the olfactories of  man.  In the billiard room of th is  hotel the ivory spheres can  be set in motion whenever  tlie public desires it.  ANGUS McGILLIVRAY  VG  <3  Dealers in  Hardware,   Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners'Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  The Clifton House,  Sandon.  Has ample ueeoinitiodation." for a large number of jicople. The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everyliing in the market.  Sample Rooms for Coiinnoreial Travelers.  John Buckle}', Prop.  S-A/W   Is/LTUL  j  long" in litigation.  SIXVKR    ISLET    MINK.  Probabilities   that  the   Great.   Producer  will Again be Worked.  The sale of an option on the famous  Silver Islet mines to an English syndicate is an accomplished fact. The syndicate have experts of the firm nf Killet  & Banks, the well-known New York  mining engineers, and expect a report  verv shortlv on tlie state of the property. "'  The   mines   include   IS   claims   and  Opposite New Denver, is now in operation.       Orders promptly  filled.  Address letters to New Denver.  CUSTOI1S BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B�� C.  Vancouver Sash & Door Co.,  Amalgamated with Genelle & Co.  Prepared to furnish  Rough and Coast Dressed Lumber,  Sash & Doors, Moulding, Finishings, Etc.  Office, Warehouse and Yard:   NAKUSP.  J. B. McGHIE, Local manager  Nakusp, B.C.  TINSMITH AND PLUT1BER.  Galvanized Iron Air Pipe.  Job Work.  Metal Kooiing and all  kinds of Mining  Slocan Avenue, next to Denver House.  and THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUGUST 12, 1897.  Fourth Year   ^  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months   Six "           Twelve  "           Three years - ���  Transient Advertising, 25 cents per Hue first in  sertion, 10 cents i>er line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  1.25  2.00  5.00  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  pajier if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot. and we will do the rest,  TEURSDAY, AUGUST 12. 1897.  THK    DKCLINJE    IN    SILVER.  The drop in the price of silver to  25| pence in London, and 55 cents in  New York last wodk, was a matter of  paramount interest to us. Such a  Eudden decline in price has not taken  place since June, 1893, when silver  bullion fell suddenly from 37A pence  per ounce to 29i, a drop of 16 cents in  two days. Later it rallied only to  recede to its present figure, the lowest on record.  Various causes are given to account  fortius sudden weakness of silver,  but the true inwardness of the situa-  atien will be found to have its root in  the manipulations of Wall Street. In  confirmation bf this suspicion we  have the statements of the London  financial journals, that the whole  panicky condition is due to holders of  silver bullion in New York professing  a desire to unload large shipments, on  the London market.  We have not far to look for the motive and interest which would prompt  Wall Street in precipitating a series  of silver panics. The wave of agitation in the United States is having its  natural effect in educating the people  on the currency question. That the  next congressional and presidential  elections will be a trial ot strength  between the people and the financial  oligarchy known as "Wall Street,"  is becoming increasingly evident.  Therefore, anything which can contribute to general demoralisation on  the currency question is joy to the  theiving combine whose profession  consists in making national debts on  a currency which they have depreciated, and compelling the people to  redeem with a dqlla'* which is worth  four times as much as the dollar with  which the debt was contracted.  To educate the people to their way  of thinking on the currency question  is the aim of the combine of National  banks and the New York stock exchange, which the public knows as  Wall Street. There is no form of education which would answer the purpose of the Wail Street gold-bugs so  well as a first-class series of panics in  silver. Only get the people to view  the silver dollar as a subsidiary coin,  to be ever measured in value by  a cormorant trust who have the machinery for manipulating all the gold  and Wall Street is secure and happy.  Overproduction of silver, a standard cry of the mono-metalists, can  scarcely be pleaded just now in the  face ot the unprecedented discoveries  and shipments of gold from the Klondike. Nor can the withdrawal of a  large instalment by Japan, of a portion of her Chinese indemnity from  the Bank of England, affect the situation to any extent. True, Japan is  paying large sums in gold for the  construction of war ships and war  material in England, which she could  pay for better in silver. The same  may be said of China, who is just  now making heavy purchases of  railway material. But the impetus  of Japan's increased armament and  China's increased industrial activity,  will need a greater volume of money  to circulate at home, and that means  a demand for more silver.  While tlie silver situation is serious  enough to demand anxious watching,  it is certain that the nervous appearance of silver is due to no natural  causes, but is for the moment the result of the legerdemain manipulation  ol an unholy combine which is trying  a little inexpensive wire-pulling on  their last legs. This same gang depreciated the greenback and it survived; so will silver.  stack up cold bard facts that could  not be gainsaid. Perhaps this was  the reason.  Those senators who did speak on  the question seemed to believe that  the main idea was to mint and circulate gold coin, and a gly mpse at the  situation south of the boundary line  was not encouraging to the minting  question. But what is required at  this time is that the Dominion should  mint all her money and particularly  silver. There is not enough subsidiary money to do the business of the  country, and especially is this felt in  British Columbia. A large amount of  the silver now in circulation is from  the other side, and in fact the banks  have had to send for United States  coins in order to carry on business.  Great Britain makes $25,000,000  annually out of the monev she mints  for her colonies, and the whole of this  is gained from the minting of silver,  as there is no profit in making gold  into currency. Canada is now producing silver on a large scale, is  taking rank as one of the greatest  silver producing countries in the  world. She is in absolute need of  silver with which to do her business,  and arguments during the recent  agitation in the United States for the  demonitization of silver coinage, will  show how largely this country would  be beiiefitted by an increased monetary circulation.  At the present Canada is mining  silver and paying England a large  profit for minting, and even with this  curious kind of political economy has  not enough silver for her people, but  has to buy and circulate the Bilver of  a neighboring nation.  Another and most important consideration in this minting question is  the material assistance that it would  give to the development of the mining industry of the Dominion. If  silver should depreciate beyond its  present low figure, many mines now  shipping silver would be shut down,  the inflow of capital for development  work would cease, and thousands of  miners be thrown out of employment.  The Canadian government has done  little or nothing for the rapidly growing mining industry. To mint her  own silver would not only be productive of an immediate profit to the  government but would give to silver  mining a stability and an impetus  that would materially affect the general prosperity. The present moment  should be taken advantage of for the  purpose of pressing the importance of  the subject, in all its bearings, upon  the attention of the Dominion government.  Chief Commissioner Martin, when  he was on the lake last week, told us  that he did not "damn" the people of  Nelson, but the Colonist says:    "It is  high time that some action was taken  to dam up the  turgid stream of the  Chief    Commissioner's     eloquence.  Premier   Turner has  provided  this  dam.    He   has  ordered   Martin   to  come home "p. d. q."  THE   SMELTER   SQUAJBRLE.  WHV    NOT    MINT   OUR    SILVER?  The drop in  silver  again tlie question of the  establishment of a mint for Canada,  and   as,  should the depression in  silver continue, such a movement would have  ' 'When I do a thing it is all right,  when sombody else does it, it is all  wrong." This is what the Rossland  Miner says in effect, because the  Nelson Miner has invaded its territory on the question of the location  of the Le Roi smelter at Northport.  These two Miners have been making  a tooth and nail fight to have the  smelter located this side of the line,  and have thrown up a lot of dirt,  cried fraud with all the vigor of rival  claim-jumpers, and blasted right and  left.  The editor of the Rossland Miner is  an experienced kicker, and only  slings rocks as long as it pays him.  Colonel Peyton having told him confidentially that for publication, and  thus considerably lightened his hatband, that the Le Roi would build  another smelter this side the line as  soon as the company could get railroad facilities, the Rossland editor  simmers down.  Not so with the Miner of Nelson',  He has not had the honor of a confidential chat for publication with Col.  Peyton. He issues an imphatic  protest. He screeches out out his  denouncation of the Le Roi, and implores everybody to sign a petition to  the Governor-General to put on a 15  per cent, tax on pyrrhotite and  will bring up-! chalco-pyrite ores at once.  This is just what the Miner has  been steadfastly advocating, but  when the Nelson screecher sends his  petition to Rossland for signature,  the ore picker of that city screams  LEDGE   MINING   RECORDS.  Eastern subscribers, and many  American, who are interested, in British Columbia mines, say they have  to subscribe to several newspapers in  order to find record notices of the  properties in which they are interested, as each newspaper prints only  those of its local mining division.  They compliment the Ledge on giving more than its contemporaries, but  in a way that seems to hint that they  would like still more.  We are already giving a complete  record of all the mining documents  filed in the several mining divisions  of the Slocan, and is so reliable  that most lawyers and mining brokers are systematically pasting it in  scrap books as an authoritative reference that saves many dollars otherwise spent in "searches" at the  recording offices.  If our subscribers want more we  shall have to increase the assessment  or adopt a scale of charges for improvements.  The Ledge, by-the-wav. is crown  granted and mailed free for the term  of the applicant's natural life, on receipt of a certified check for fifty  dollars.  THOSE    KLONDIKE    REGULATIONS.  Many of the leading newspapers  are opposed to the mining regulations  the Dominion government has made  for the Klondike and hope they will  be re-considered. The first objection  is to the royality���2C per cent, over  a product of $500, which is held to be  too high to be successfully collected.  Also it is believed that any attempt  to reserve alternate claims for the  government will be full of danger.  The Colonist states the case in this  way :  "Two men go upon a creek to prospect for gold ; both find it within 500  feet of each other. The first man to  locate gets his claim, the next man  must measure off 500 feet for the government, before driving his stakes.  Who shall settle as to who is first ?  Let it be remembered, that the  country is a vast one, that it is utterly  impossible to police it, that miners  will meet in the heart of the wilderness to settle between themselves as  to who is the first to drive their  stakes. Dead men will tell no tales,  and many a prospector will find that  might will make right when it comes  to a contest on the ground, far from  the police, as to who shall dnve the  stakes on adjacent discoveries and  who shall abandon his claim and  move away 500 feet.  "We warn the  ment against the course which it  proposes to take. It will inevitable  lead to violence and bloodshed. When  the lust of gold has hold of a man and  the nuggets are in sight, in many  cases he will not allow murder to  stand in his way. And who can tell  the tale?"  Dominion govern-  an immense influence upon the future  prosperity of this country.it will prob-1 back demanding what   the   Nelson  ably meet with   more consideration j shoveller has to do with it,  than heretofore. When Senator Mc-  Innes introduced the subject in the  Senate last session, no interest seemed to be taken in it, although the  Senator had  gone to a lot of labor to  as he has  no pyrrhotile or chalco pyrite ores on  his dump anyway. Thus arc the  great affairs of state jangled and  tangled by the petty jealousies of  puny Miners.  NOTES    ON   THE   NEWS.  Judging from the newspaper reports the towns on the Sound must  have been depopulated by the rush  to the Klondike, and some thousands  have also hurried northward from  California and Colorado and other  states. But very, very tew have  gone from the Kootenays. Why  should they? The amount of gold,  silyer and copper mined here duriug  this year will foot up to about $10,-  000,000. It will take a good many  nuggets to make up that goodly sum.  The remuneration of the city assessor of Nelson is $25 a month.  Such a princely.salary is enough to  tempt any man from the path of honesty, when such glorious opportunities are attached to the position.  Heinze says that his railroad from  Trail to Robson, twenty-two miles,  will be completed sometime in September. It is therefore about time  Robson started another boom, but not  as a great smelter site.  Yukon start a newspaper anywhere  but Yukon not always sometimes tell  if it will pa v. F. W. Scott of the  Manitoba government printing office,  and Jack Can* have gone up to Dawson City to start the Yukon Nugget.  Yukon send in your dust and get  your Klondike news in solid chunks.  The Mate on the steamer Slocan  evidently thinks that the life belts  are only for ornament or to comply  with the regulations, When a man  walked overboard at Slocan on Sunday evening the Mate hunted for a  rope and never gave a thought to the  life-preserver so handily displayed.  17-mm&9&m&zmi^,?tfsm&  H. f. BRAGDON,  New Denver, B.C.  Heavy and .Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors' Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of the largest and best assorted stocks of Hardware in West Kootenay, and shall be. pleased to quoie prices upon anything required in my line.  B  flOTELiS Op KOOTEFlflY  THE NEWMARKET,  New Denver, H. Stege  ST. JAMES.  New Denver, Angrignon Bros.  WINDSOR RESTAURANT.  New Denver, A. Jacobson & Co.  THE FILBERT.  Sandon,  HOTEL  SANDON.  Sandon, R. Cunning  THE CLIFTON HOUSE,  Sandon, John Buckley  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  HOTEL WELLINGTON,  Three Forks, J. S Reeder  Th  SILVERTON, B. C.  s&Mj&m  ASSAYE^S Op    . G.  LEVI   SMITH,  Silverton.  HOWARD WEST,  New Denver.  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  etorla Hotel  Is the leadine; hotel of the  city, and headquarters for  Mining and Commercial men.  The house is new, the rooms  all plastered, and the furniture in use is of the latest  and most serviceable patterns  The service in the Dining room is the best that can be  i rovided. The bar is replete with, the best wines, liquors  and Cigars. McCONNELL & PURCELL.  OTEL SANDON,  tK  va  7i\  ?K  vK  ^  FRANK   DICK,  Slocan City.  TH    G. FAUQUIER,  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp, B.C.  j^.E. PALMER, C.E.  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE SURVEYOR.  P.O. Box 214.  Sandon, B.C  Sandon, B.C.  HTHIS NW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to accommodate a large  number of G-uests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  The Slocan City people have hostile  feelings towards that great diplomat,  Frank Fletcher, and he occupies a  prominent place in their mental  an a torn v.  G  1WILIJM & .lOll.VSOX.  (McGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  .In Slocan Gity  Is an ideal home for the weary traveler.  It is conducted in a manner befitting the  approach of the 20th century, which is  the latest way of saying up-to-date.  Slocan City,  B r.  Gething & Henderson.  A.  DRISCOLL, C. E..  Dominion & Provincial  Land Surveyor.  Slocan City.  ���    "^    ���*&���    "^    "^    -^    ^*    ^k-    "^    -^    ^b    ^    "^  ���%.    ^    <%.    <&.    ���%.    ^    *%���    'Sk-    "*-    ^    "%���    ^ ' 4  ���^    ^    "^    ^    "^fc-    ���%.    ���%���    "fe-    ^    -%���    ^    ^    "%-  Ir       ^       ���%���       ^fc>       ^  ���%-       -Sfc-       "%���       ���  V     ^fc-     ^-     ���^     ^  Q M. WOOD WORTH, M.A., LL.B.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCE]I. Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTAmE  Slocan City, B.C.  F. W. GROVES,  CIVIL iiiid MINTING ENGINEER,  Provincial T-.ancl Survey��u\  Underground Surveys. Surface ana  Aerial Tramways. Mineral claims surveyed and reported upon.      Kaslo, B.C.  -^      -^r      '%,      -^  ���^,      xQt-      "5&-  "^      ^      ���%��� '    -^  *%. "^ -��&.  <^.      -^jfc.      ���%.      -^,  ^ ^ ^  ^      -^      -<&���      -%>  ^ ^ ^  -^-      "^-      "^      ^��  ^J^-      ^k      ^^  The assessment is $2 in dust,  Nuggets, or anything of Commercial value.  If you are going to the Klondike  take a copy of THE LEDGE with  you. It will cheer you on the  journey to that mecca of gold  seekers. *'  Fourth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUGUST 12, 1897.  THK    RKCR1TIT.  Sez Corporal Madden to Private McFadden;  "Bedad yer a bad'un 1  Now turn out yer toes!  Yer belt is unhookit,  Yer cap is on crookit.  Ye may not be dhrunk,  But, be jabbers, ye look it!  Wan���two!  Wan���two!  Ye monkey-faced divil, 111 jolly ye through!  Wan���two!  Time! Mark!  Ye march like the aigle in Ciutheral Park!"  Sez Corporal Madden to Private McFadden;  ''a saint it ud sadden  To drill such a mug!  Eyes front!���ye baboon, ye!  Chin up!���ye gossoon, ye!  Ye've jaws jaws like a goat-  Halt ! ye leather-lipped loon ye!  Wan���two!  Wan���two!  Ye whiskered orang-outang, I'll fix ye!  Waii���two!  Time! Mark!  Ye've eyes like a bat!���can ye see in the dark?"  aSez Corporal Madden to Private McFadden;  "Yer iigger wants padd'n���  Sure, man, you've no shape!  Behind ye yer shoulders  Stick out like two bowlders!  Yer shins are as thin  Asa pair of pen-holders!  Yer belly teloiiKS on yer back, ye Jew!  Wan- two!  Wan���two!  I'm dhry as a dog���I can't shpake.but I bark."  Sez  ez Corporal Madden to Private McFadden;  fiMe heart it ndgladd'n'  To blacken yer eye.  Yer gcttin' too bold, ye  Compel me to wold'ye���  'Tis halt! that I.sav���  Will ye heed what"I told ye?  Wan���two!  Wan���two!  I3e jabbers, I'm dhryer than Brian Born!  Wan���two!  Time! Mark!  What's work for chickens is sport for the lark!"  Sez Corporal Madden to Private McFadden;  I'll not stay a padd'n'  Wid Dagoes like you!  I'll travel no farther,  I'm liyln' for���wather���  Come on, if ye like-  Can ye loan me a quarther?  Yn-os, you,  What, two!  A nd ye 11 pay the potheen?  Ye'rc a daisy! Whurro!  You'll do-*  Whist! Mark!  rigiment's fiatthercd to own ye.nie spark!''  ���R.W.Chambers.  farmer lives there, one Amasa Barrow  by name, and it is his business to raise  chickens. Chicken feed is cheap in  Mexico and chickens bring fine prices in  Arizona, but to raise fowls in Mexico  and bring them across the boundary, or  to buy the feed and bring it across.would  involve the payment of considerable  duty, which would eat the profits about  as fast as the hens could eat the corn.  As for smuggling, that was not to be  thought of.  Amasa is a Yankee, and he is so honest that his neighbors say he wouldn't  take advantage of a man in a horse trade.  But he is also full of Yankee ingenuity,  and after deep cogitation he built a long,  slim hencoop, one-half of it in Arizona  and the other in Mexico. On the line  there is a gate. Over the line there are  barns containing feed. At feeding time  the gate is opened, and the chicken  fancier shoos his flock into Mexico, where  they digest this Mexican grain, lay their  eggs and carry on their family affairs.  Mr. Barrow saves about 50 per cent, on  his grain, and makes about that much  on his chickens, and if there is any  smuggling done it is done by the innocent and irresponsible biddies.  KASLO.  and Twelve Mile. Mr. Waldron has  bought a new ore wagon and intends  putting another team on the Whitewater road.  DOWS'   ELAT.  1850.  The  TKOSK   AWFUX    STIJOCS.  What Will   Now  Denver  do  to   Prevent  an Outbreak of Typhoid ?  Editor ok Lkdgr :���I have been waiting for some time in the hope that a  more apt pen than mine would draw the  attention of the residents of our town to  the great danger that is menacing the  health of the inhabitants, men, wives  and little ones.  However indifferent we may choose to  be, or however much we may wish to  disguise the fact, yet it is patent to all  that the sanitary condition of New Denver is bad in the extreme.  So far as I can understand there is no  health officer .here, the nearest official  that could act in that capacity being Dr.  Gomm, of Sandon. Hence it is,, that  carelessness of the grossest kind is the  the rule here. No one seems to care one  jot for the lives of his neighbors, and by  his own actions is adding to the intensity  of the situation.  Let us consider for a moment what  the situation really is. First and foremost is the excellent sewerage system of  Sandon, Three Forks and Cody, with  the refuse from the Noble Five, Slocan  Star and Alamo concentrators. All this  comes down Carpenter creek, and is a  fine system to carry away the refuse of  all those places, and oi" innumerable  mining camps in Carpenter creek water  shed.  It is a line system for those towns, but  is it altogether fine for New Denver,  when all this filth that is not carried out  to the lake at her doors is deposited in  the creek that runs through the town?  Then again, it is from the lake, into  which all this filth is being emptied  every minute of the day, and near the  place where it is dicharged, that we get  our water supply. Anyone watching the  primitive mode adopted to obtain this  water must be struck with carelessness  and idiocy of it all.  The wooden box on wheels, which is  never cleansed, is backed into the water,  horses and all, and the driver proceeds  to dip up the washings from the constricted town of Sandon and its purlieus,  and to peddle out this mistiness to his  patrons.  Into this same water that he peddles  for sale are also emptied all the impurities of the lake front, the sepage from  outhouses and stables, the bilge water  from the steamers.  But a few days ago there was lying  near the wharf a dead hog, the stench  from which was none too pleasant. Close  to the spot the drinking water of the  town is scooped up and peddled.  Surely in the light of these facts our  townsmen have sufficient enterprise  about them to utilize the spring near the  depot. With little trouble and expense  a reservoir could be constructed that  would ensure a plentiful supply of pure  water.  I desire to say a few words on ���another  aspect of the question. There is no  sewerage system in town and each resident adopts his own plan of secreting or  getting rid of rubbish, garbage and  refuse. And, I am very sorry to say,  few even think of using a disinfectant."  As a result we have ti variety of smells  and stenches that rival  Chineese stinkpot for intensity.   Tho most prominent |  of all is the slaughter  house at the end j  of Sixth street, which is a disgrace alike  to the man who runs it and tlie authorities that  permit it.    The  excessive hot  weather of the past week has made the  putrid   matter   from this  large cesspool  one of the greatest menaces to the health  of the town.    Ailments the direct cause  of  this   and   tlie   stenches   from  other  neglected cesspools have already smitten  the  town,   and   malignant  fevers  may  break out at any time unless preventative measures are taken.   But this seems  to be unlikely.    People say it is the business of the government to look after such  matters,   and   the   government doesn't  trouble itself at all.  Fellow residants, cannot we do something to prevent or mitigate the sickness  of our wives and children that, if the hot  weather lasts, must inevitably result  from such a rotten state of things ?  Think it over seriously.  R.E.W.  New Denver, Aug. 11.  [From Our own Correspondent.]  M. J. Haney, superintendent of construction of "the Crows Nest Pass  lioad, arrived here Sunday night, having made the trip over the route through  the Crow's Nest Pass to Kootenay Lake.  From Kalso he left via Revelstroke for  Macleod.  There are now in the neighborhood  of 100 men at work on the South Fork  of Kaslo. Contractor Carlson has 40 men  at work grading for the K. & S. switch.  Lucas Bros, have 35 men at work on  the wagon road and already have completed over a mile. A good force is also  engaged clearing right-of-way for the  tramway and grading the concentrator  site.  Forest fire tire devastating the1 hills  in a number of places around Kootenay  Lake. On Monday the upper part of the  townsite was threatened with destruction by a fire started near Buchanon's  mill but by hard work the brigade got  it under control. Across the lake in the  Campbell creek draw a disastrous fire  has been under way for the past week.  Across the divide "from Hooker creek  incalculable damage is being done to  the timber. Up in the Lardo-Duncan  country forest fires are raging in a number of places and prospectors are working at continual risk of their lives. It is  about time the careless prospector learn-  something or the fool-killer should take  a trip around the lake.  Klondicitis is breaking out in Kaslo.  A number of people have contracted the  fever and probably a dozen men have  left here for the gold fields. One woman of Kaslo, well known from the Miss-  issipi to the coast, as a pioneer expresses her intention of leaving with her husband for Dawson City in about two  weeks.  Tlie Kootenay Electric Co. have a  large force of men engaged on the construction of their new water power plant  on Kaslo Creek. The site of the works  is about a mile from town and a dam is  being built farther up the creek. A wagon road has been built to the site and  grading for the flume completed. The  Foundations for the power house arc  now ready for the building which will  soon be underway. An-entire now outfit, dynamos, transmitters, switchboard,  Dow's Flat.   That's its name.  And I reckon that you  Are a stranger ?   Tlie same ?  Well, I thought it was true.  For thar isn't a man on the river as can't spot the  place at first view.  It was called after Doiv ���  Which the same was an ass ;  And as to the how  Thet the thing kem to nass,���  Jest tie up your boss to that buckeye, and set ye  down here in the grass:  You see, this 'yer Dow,  Hed the worst kind of luck :  He slipped up somehow  On each thing thet he struck.  Why, ef he'd 'a' straddled   thet fence-rail, the  denied thing 'ed get up and buck.  He mined on the bar  Till he couldn't pay rates ;  And right on the top of his trouble kem his wife  and live kids from the States.  It was rough,���mighty rough ;  But the boys they stood by.  And they brought him the stuff  For a house, on the sly :  And the old woman���well, she did washing, and  took on when no one was riigh.  But this yer luck of Dow's  Was so powerful mean.  That the spring near bis house  Dried up on the green ;  And he sunk forty feet down for water, but nary  a drop to be seen.  Then the bar petered out,  And the boys wouldn't stay;  And the chills got about,  And his wife fell away :  But Dow, in his well, kept a-peggm' in his usual  ridikilous way.  One day,���it was June,���  And ii year ago, jest,���  This Dow kem at noon  To his work like the rest.  With a shovel and pick on his shoulder, and a  derringer hid in his breast.  He goes to the well ;-  And he stands on the brink,  And stops for a spell  Just to listan and think :  For the sun in his eyes (jest like this, sir !), you  see, kinder made the cuss blink.  His two ragged gals  In the gulch were at play,  And a go wild that was Sal's  Kinder flapped on a bay ;  Not much for a man to be leavin', but his all,���as  I've heer'd the folks say.  THE   SLOGAN'S   EXPORTS.  John F. Mcintosh, of the outport of  Kaslo, has prepared a statement of the  mineral exports of the Slocan exported  through the port of Nelson. In round  numbers there was exported via Kaslo  17,000,000 pounds of lead and 1,250,000  ounces of silver, the value of which was  $1,657,218. The exports by the month  are reported as follows:  ^������-Silverton Dfucj Stovel  , .                                   Lbs. lead.  July, 1896 1,040,183  1,225.897  .... 7!��;479  .... 508.234  ... 439.12G  ...1,892 ,'320  ...1.900,290  ...2,158,345  ...3,047,300  .1,439,200  Ozs. silver.  104,270  107,278  84,624  72,947  83,151 j  274,283 I  279,215 I  187,419 I  376,751  172,742  79,541  195,092  To dine at the Filbert, in Sandon.  should be the aim of all lovers of good-  living". *��� f  Undertaking and embalming at lowest rates at D. M. Crowlev's, New  Denver. " f  August, 189G   September, 1890..  October, 189G   November, 1896...  December, 1896...  January, 1897   February, 1897...  March, 1897   April, 1897 ,    .,���  May, 1897  840,000  June, 1897 2,002,500  JJOWARD WEST,  Assoc, R S M, London, Eng  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties   examined   and   reported on for  m  tending purchasers.  Assay office and Chemical  vue ave. New Denver, BC.  Laboratory, Belle-  D',  A. S. MARSHALL.  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  The Standard  Petfutnes  Of the Wordd.  Lubin's Jockey Club  Atkinson's White Rose  Seely's Ylang Ylang  Rogers & G-allet's Peau d'Espagne  and others of the best.  The best Toilet Powders,  Puffs, Toilet Waters,  Fir ��,st Toilet Soaps,  Creams, Etc.  Lilac Cream is unsurpassed  by any toilet article.  Drugs and Stationery.  yg���       /J=ss     SIIiVEHTOfi, B.  C.  IH. O. JVIATtfESON, PvopPietov  ��� ^*^��SSS��SS"  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago  Ard���That's a peart hoss  �� ,   Thet you 've got,���ain't it now ?  What might bo her cost.?  c,Eh?   Oh!   Well. then. Dow-  Let's see,���well, that forty-foot grave wasn't his,  sir, that day, anyhow.  For a blow of his |)ick  Sorter caved in the side; .    <. '  And he looked, and turned sick,  Then he trembled and cried,  you sec. the dern cuss had struck���"Water ?"  For  -Beg your pardon, young man, there you lied !  It was gold, in the quartz,  And it ran all alike ;  And I reckon five oughts  Was the worth of that strike ;  And that house with the eoopilow's his'n,  the same isn't bad for a Pike.  -which  etc. will be installed.  AINSWORTH.  Thet's why it's Dow's Flat;  And the thing of it is,  Thet he kinder got thet  Through sheer contrairiness :  For'twas water the denied cuss was seekin, and  his luck made him certain to miss.  Thet's so.   Thar'syour way  To the left of yon tree ;  But���a���look h'vur, say ?  Won't you come up to tea ?  No?   WelL.then the next ti'iie you're passin'  ask after Dow,���and thet's me.  THE SILVERTON MINER'S UNION  x No. 71,  "W.   &.   2s&.  Meets every Saturday night.''  C.  McNICHOLLS,   President  CHAS.  BRAND, Secretary.  Xy  PELLEW HARVEY, F.C.S.,'*  ASSAY OFFICES  and Chemical Laboratory.  Established 1890. Vancouver, B.C  For  several  years   with  Vivian  &   Sons,  Swansea, and local representative for them.  For 5 years manager for the assayers-to the  Rio Tinto Company, London.  Canadian represent^live of the Cassel G-old j  Extracting Co., Ltd., Glasgow. [Cyanide Pro-1  cess.] . j  All work  personally superintended.     Only  competent men employed.   No pupils remaxv^fl  i  To the inhabitants  of New Denver  and all  Sloean Lake  Points:  BURTON CITY  British Columbia.  and  excellent  will  exchange  Weber Square Piano,  dition, for sale, SloO. or  for diamonds.    Box 226, Trail, B.C.  Tlio Sloean Exports via Revelstoke  con-  (Spccial Lienor: Correspondent.)  A small ore chute was found in cross-  cutting the ledge on the Albion at 30  feet from the foot wall.  Jas. String-ham, of Detroit,1 and B.  Schlessing-er, of Denver, Colo., arrived  in from Denver last week.  J. P. Miller went tin the South Fork  of Kaslo last week where he bought a  couple of promising- prospects,'' the  Noble Friends and an extension.  Lyman Carter has been in town for a  few days lately. He is about to let a  contract for sinking- 50 feet. The shaft  will be 300 feet in on the main tunnel,  and will show up a large body of ore on  this already well developed" propertv.  The"work of grading for the flume will  soon be completed, and it is Mr. Carter's  intention to go to Spokane in the near  futnre to make arrangements for the  immediate construction of the tram and  concentrator.  The Black Diamond trestle tramway  to tlie head of the Highlander is now  about complete. It is expected that  the material for the Highlander tram  will bo to hand next week, and it will  be working in the near future.  It is expected that the joint tunnel  being run on the Little Phil and Black  Diamond will strike the No. 3 ledge in  about two weeks. The north drift in'  No. 1 tunnel on the No. 3 load of the  Black Diamond broke into the shaft on  Wednesday at a depth of 120 feet, showing continuous ore for the whole distance, The south drift on No. 2 lead is  in (it) feet with a good -showing of con-  I centrating ore.  !    The Little Mannie shaft is now down  .110 feet.    Drifting hot.li  ways is being  done, at 20 and 90 foc-l   levels, and soino  good ore is being sent to the surface.  Considerable interest is manifested  in the Pilot Bay smelter deal here.  The new management arrived in Kaslo  last week and will go ahead with the  repairs contemplated immediately on  completion of the transaction.  The Pilot Bay saw mill will resume  operations next .veek. Contracts have  been made with Joe Bealer for the delivery of a raft of logs, and a force of  men is now ,making the necessary repairs preparatory to starting work.  During the fiscal year ending June 30  there was entered for export at the out-  port of Revelstoke Slocan ore to the  value of $823,387. The exports per  month were as follows:  T IFE   INSURANCE. '  The Ontario Mutual of Watreloo, Ont  oilers a popular policy at moderate rates.  Protection for your family.  Provision for your own old age  And a profitable investment.  Tlie Ontario Mutual Life���27th year.  Assets *8,-10i,9u8.  Full information by application to  VV. D. MITCHELL. Agent.    New Denver, B.C,  AMOS THOMPSON, W. D. MITCHELL  Manager. Secretary.  r. b. Thompson, Notary Public.  July, 1890....   August, 1890   September, 1890   October, 1890   November, 1890   December, 1890   January, 1897..  HO ,070  78,7-18  52,-197  104.997  77 58-1  00,995  98,032  February, 1897  85.085  March, 1897  88,138  A pril, 1897  f,2,551  May, 1897  sS,4o2  June, 1897   .13,394  Total.  .* 923,387  NEW DENVER,  B. C.  Mines and Mining Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co.  of London, Eng.  The new addition to the-  LELAND  Many have received BENEFIT  from   iny Optical   Department,  Why not Yon?  You who have tried common  Spectacles in vain, and suffered from eye strain, causing  Nervous Headache, Etc.  It will pay you to come to  SANDON and have your oye.s  properly tested and fitt<;d with  suitable glasses.  This is the only remedy when  your trouble arises from Defective Eyesight, and should  be attended to at. once. I have  one of the best trial eases made  and can give you the  best ser-  Eyes tested Free.  G. W. GRIMMETT,  Jeweler and Optician, Sandon, B.C.  W  S. Drewrt  Kaslo, B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil. Code.  Ho! for Burton City, the  quartz and placer Gold Mining camp of the Slocan.  BURTON CITY  This town can boast of  having had the largest Smelter returns in Gold of any  camp in the Slocan.  BURTON CITY  will be placed on the market  on July 15th. Get in on the  opening sale. Size of lots,  30x120, with kO-foot alley;  price, $100 and $150 on the  business streets; but unly a  limited number will be sold  at that price.  BURTON CITY  is one of the few townsites in  h. t.twigg West Kootenay that can give  a perfect title; terms, 1-3  cash, balance three and six  months.  New Denver, B.C.  McCallum & Millspaug-h,  of Slocan  City, have just received a large invoice  of glass,  cheap.  which thev are se  The Saddest of All.  sefii  t  There are many sad words of tongue and pen,  But here are the saddest of all;  "I paid a hundred plunks for ray wheel,  And prices have taken a fall!"  ���Cleveland Leader.  "I wonder why they  peelers," said Tommy.  it's Iifv.n.n  call policemen  "Oil, I guess  it's because they eat so many bananas,"  said Willie, who lives near a fruit  stand.  The Filbert, in Sandon, is noted for  the delicate flavor of its morning- cocktails, f  HOUSE  Makes it one of the Largest and most  Comfortable Hotels in Kootenay.  MRS. D. A. McDougald.  JSTA-KXJSF, - - BO.  Rosebery  The northern connecting point of  the C. P. R. on Slocan Lake.  Rosebery  Chas. A. Stoess,  Assoc. M, Inst. C. E. M. Can. Soc. C. E.  CIVIL ENGINEER.  Provincial Land Surveyor.   Mining Surveying.  Kaslo, B. C.  FRED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line of Suitings and  Trouserings aJwavs on hand.  Has  Slow  the only  .n City.  safe harbor north of  WHITEWATER.  [From Our Regular Correspondent.]  The Ibex reduced its working force  last week.  Tlie proprietors of the Elkhorn Mining Co. have been surveying for Crown  grant.  By sending  10 cents  to The Ledge,  New Doc rer  Yon can olitaiu a ccrcpletocopj of  Carlyle's  Report  on the Slocan.  BC,  Rosebery  It is at Rosebery where the beautiful Slocan steamer ties up over night  and where the employees can bring  their families.  Rosebery  Lots were put on the market June 28  and are selling fast. You cannot!  afford to wait if you want a lot. They j  are going up.  i  Do you want Ink?  Do you want Type ?  Do you want Stereo Plates?  Do you want to trade Presses ?  Do you want to trade Paper Cutters ?  Do you want Anything in the way  of Printing Material.  Coi'^i(,leToronto Type  PoundryCo.,LtdL  J.C.CROME, Agent,  rr 7 ft Cordova Street,  ^u        VANCOUVER, B.C.  A new stock of  Gents' 'Furnishings,  Special lines in halhreKuan.Carpets. Mats.  Floor and Tahle Oilcloth and Linoleum.  Also the latest styles in Press Goods and  Trimmings: in silks and velvets and  lmrtons; Sheeting and Pillow Cotton.  Other articles too numerous to mention.  Millinery the latest style alwuvs on hand.  MRS. W   \V. MKRKIiY.  BURTON CITY  Has a saw mill running full blast. No trouble  in this town to get Lumber to build. Burton  City requires a meat market to supply about  500 men in the hills, besides the town-trade.  Burton wants a Drug Store; Burton wants  another hotel; Burton wants another express  and livery stable; Burton wants some stores  and offices to rent.  BURTON CIT��  Is destined to become the best mining town  on the Arrow Lake. Burton City is a beautiful level townsite, and it has now the government road where all the mineral on Cariboo creek will be shipped and all supplies for  the mines will be taken from. All goods for  the interior must go of! here and consequently  it will be a great commercial town. No better  place in the Sloean to head for before settling anywhere. Don't fail to see Burton. It is  surrounded by strong syndicates and is sure  to win.  For particulars and maps apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General  Agent, who attends to issuing all  agreements ami confirms all sales.  Burton City, B. C.  Brandon, B. C,  Assay Price List  Honest,    But   Cute.  There is a funny case of international  honesty down in Arizona, just on the  line between that territory and Mexico,  says the Washington Times.    A Yankee  W. J. McDonald & Co. have taken  over the general store business latelv  carried on by H. C. Taylor & Co. Mr".  Taylor will return to Australia in the  near future.  Jiin Sprole purchased Isaac Wald-  ron's pack train last week and will put  them  into   commission   about  Sproles  Two 10x15 jobbers: one a Gordon and the other  an Excelsior, now  called the Eclipse.  Rosebery  Men are now grading and clearing  the townsite, and several buildings  are abouc to be erected.  Rosebery  Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Rosebery  Will become the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having abundance  of water and being easy of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  F. LO CASTO,  New Denver.  TOBACCONIST,  NEWSDEALER,  and STATIONER,  Imported and Domestic Cigars, To-  baccoes, Fruits and Confectionery.  E.Parris& Co.,  j SLOCAN   CITY  and   TEN   MILE.  Gold, Silver, or Lead.each   Gold, Silver and Lend, combined   Gold and Silver   Silver and Lead -..   Cornier (by Electrolysis)   Gold, Silver. Copiier and Lead   Gold and Copi>er   Silver and Copjier.   Gold. Silver and Copier   rMiitiiiiiiu   Mercury   Iron or Manganese :   Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each   IJisiiiuth, Tin. Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each ."..  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and iiercentage of Coke, if Coking  Coal)  '.  Terms: '.Cash 'With Sum pie.  .June-'otli. l��!i.-i.  81.50  3 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  ���1 00  2 50  2 50  3 00  ���5 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  ���1 00  ���1 0  FRANK DICK,  Assayer hihI Analyst  R  R. T. LOWERY.  Rosebery        DENVER  Terms, & cash; balance three and six  months.  For fuil particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General Agent.  A full line of Prospectors' and Miners  Supplies at Ten Mile Store.  First-class  brick on. hand  and shipped  to any part of  tlie   country.  STRATHERN.  Jo-weler  KASLO CITY.       -       -     .-      B.C  The only Practical Watchmaker in the Kootenay District. Orders hy mail -eceive promp  attention.  ALL WORK GUARANTEED  SHEERAN & O'RAY.  Freight and Transfer Stables.  Pack train and   Saddles in connection.    All work done  with despatch  (xOETTSCHE & MAGNUSON,Props j at moderate cnarges 6*  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B C, AUGUST 12, 1897.  Fourth Year,.   ���'V  CAMP   FIRE   MUSINGS.  BY DIAMOND JO.  The quiet snow is falling,  The winter winds are calling,  And the hopeless,'bitter day is drawing slowly to  an end :  Beside mv lonely tire.  My thoughts to thee aspire.  And my spirit in the twilight clasps thy spirit  hand, my friend.  In the pleasant summer weather.  We wandered on together,  By the silver singing river, and low-lying meadow land;  Our hearts were at their lightest  All nature shone her brightest,  And we questioned not nor doubted, two children,  hand in hand.  For us the birds were singing,  For us the winds were bunging  Sweet scents from wreath-like lillies that blossomed in the pond:  The blue sky seemed to love us.  And the roses bent above us,  Laying fresh red lips together, like lovers ever  fond.  I remember at the trystlng,  How I linger'd bv a-listemng.  To a plaintive little ballad, that  such mournful  music bore;  Here is my life of sorrow.  Toil and struggle for to-morrow.  That plaintive burden pains me, and haunts me  evermore.  Sometimes when twilight lingers,  And the rain with phantom fingers.  Comes softly tapping at my window, where I sit  alone;  I put oil' my outward seeming,  And iii happy boyish dreaming,  J seem again to clasp vou, and again you are my  own,  I see thy bright eyes shining,  I feel thy dear arms twining.  And I press again the tender of thy smiling rose-  red mouth;  The star of love is o'er us.  And the happy years before us.  And there is naught but melody, and breezes from  the south.  But oh, the bitter wakening,  The hopeless, drearing aching,  For that loved one, who in  lifetime,  can   never  more be mine;  Joy has vanished like the shadow  Of o bird's wing on the meadow;  And I linger but awaiting God's own  appointed  time.  Oh, Love so lightly spoken;  Oh, vows so sadly broken:  Ye cling around my manhood's heart with  passionate despair;  And till with bitter sorrow.  Each newly dawning morrow.  Until the sorry burden seemeth more than I can  bare.  Thy love was like a blossom  On the river's shining bosom,  And it floated lightly, lightly, with the sunlight  shining o'er;  My love is lilce the river,  That, rolling on forever,  ���Will hold that summer blossom in its depths for  evermore. ���Jo.  Leinon Creek, J uly 20.  '���But do tell who she is and who proposed marriage to her."  "I can't doit," said the Doctor. "'It  would not be fair to either the man or  the woman, but you may rely upon the  the accuracy of nay statement. I only  mentioned the matter at all because I  believe that even the old people may  be kept young- in spirits and youthful  in looks'by living- :reg-ular, methodical  Christian fives. 1 have devoted some  years to preaching- the gospel of love  imd beauty, wnd the woman in mind is  one of the"sweetest I have ever known."*  "But vou will not tell who the woman  is?"  "Not under any circumstances."  A good many people will read Avith  incredulity of the personal charms of a  woman a" ninety-seven, yet such persistence of physical loveliness is not  without precedent. There is no question of the Avonderful beauty of Isiioon  de L'Enclos at eighty-four, avhich Avas  her ag*e when her grandson; Avho Avas  in ignorance of his relationship to her,  fell madly in love with her, and, learning that he was her grandson, killed  himself in desperation.  Sulie Recamier at sixty-two Avas tormented by lovers avIio Avould not be refused and Avhose ages A'aried from  twenty to seA^enty.  Let" no Avoman despair���Ncav York  World: _______  I'OOK,    I>KAIt   KJSI.'LIK.   ,  A   HOT   ONE.  The poAver of alchohol Avields a greater influence oA^er some men than gold.  Here is a story of a man avIio Avas dead  struck on gin, a bevcrag-e that Avould  beverage  make a decent horse gag :  "Mr. B. E. Hale, a temperance lecturer, Avas traA'elingin NeAV Hampshire.  While Avaiting one day in the sitting-  room of a hotel for the arrival of the  stage that should take him to a toAvn a  feAv miles from tlie railroad, there entered a trembling man, carrying* a small  package of clothing. Going tip to the  bar, he said, 'Landlord, 1 am burning.  Give me a glass of gin:'  "The landlord turned to the bar and  opened the door. Then he pointed to a  long line of chalk marks on the inside  of the door, and said coolly, "John,  you see the old score; you can't have  another drop of gin until' it is paid off.'  "The poor Avretch stood and glared  fiercclv upon the man behind the bar.  'Landlord,' he cried, 'landlord, you  don't mean that? You have got my  farm. You have got hiy horses and my  oxen. You have got all of my tools.  Landlord. 1 have brought you "to-day  all that I have left in the Avorld���this  little bundle of clothes, it is not Avorth  much, because the clothes are old. but  they are all that 1 have. Oh, landlord,  please give me for these just one glass  of gin.'  'T3ut the man behind the bar Avas calm  and unconcerned. 'Your old clothes  I do not want. You can haAre no more  until the score is paid.'  "The drunkard staggered, and it  seemed as if he would fall. Mr. Hale  turned toward him and said, "What  Avill you give me for enough to buy tAvo  glasses of gin?'  "'Give you?' said the drunkard- "1  have nothing* to give, except this little  bundle of clothes. I do not believe you  want it, stranger.'.  " 'I see you nave on your feet a pretty  good pair of boots,'" said Mr. Hale.  ' Will you giAre me your boots for these  ten cents ?' :    '  "The drunkard stood, engaged for a  moment in deep thought. At last he  said : 'Stranger, if I g'ive you the boots  I must go  out  into the   siioav  bare-  J f I give you the boots, I must  " ve vou  Strang-  footed.  freeze to death; if I do not  the boots, I must burn to death."  er, it is harder to burn than  it is   to  freeze.   So I Avill give you the boots.'  "He sat doAvn and coirimenced to draAv  the boots from his feet. But Mr. Hale  had no intention of furnishing him Avith  money for strong drink. He Avas  merely experimenting to find out how  strong- the appetite really av.-is.  "There were other lookers-on to this  strange scene. Three or four of them  said the man should have his gin. They  furnished it in liberal quantity, lie  drank all he could and took tlie rest  away. The stage came soon after and  Mr. Hale pursued his journey.  "The next < morning he heard that  the drunkard's fears had been realized.  He had left the bar-room, neither knoAv-  ing nor caring Avhere he was going:  When the night came his liquor was  gone and he Avent to sleep in a barn.  The frost king came at midnight and  took the poor man in his arms. The  next morning thev found him frozen to  death."  One of Denver's g-reat attractions has  been an ostrich Avhich was broken to  drive to a dog-cart. The bird Avas  knoAvn as Nellie H. Poor thing! she  is dead now. In her stomach they  found:  One wooden screw-diwer handle, 7  inches long, 2 inches Avide and H-inches  thick.  One railroad spike, of iron, 61 inches  long and 1 inch thick.  One railroad pin, iron, 44 inches long  and 1 inch in circumference.  One iron nut 11 inches square.  One jagged rock, 3 inches long, 2  inches thick, Aireig*hing J pound.  One rock, 21 inches in length, 4 bich  in width.  Four marbles, one of glass and three  of clay.  One lead pencil with a brass tip, 3  inches long.  One brass suspender clasp.  One steel nail, 3 inches long.  One steel rail 2-1 inches in length.  Iron lag'screw used on the electric  lines, 21 inches long and 1 inch in -circumference.  One rock, 3 inches Avide,4 inches long  and 2 inches in depth.  One rock, 2 inches long and 1 inch  thick.  One silver dollar.  One silver ten-cent piece.  One nickle piece.  Piece of cable Avire 10 inches in  length.  End of buggy Avhip Avith brass tip.  One block"~of wood, 7 inches in length  and 3 inches in Avidth.  Three tacks, 1 inch in length.  One' compass.  Tavo round pieces of lead, }4 inch in  diameter.  Total weight, 141 pounds.  NO    OSCAR   FOIt   HER.  The question as .to Avhether the naming of the baby belongs, as a matter of  right, to the baby's father or the baby's  mother, is raised in a queer laAV-suit  originating- in Eastkill, in the heart of  the Catskill'mountain's. The plaintiff  is Ole Halverson, a Swede, avIio has  sued for damages the Rev. J. G. Rem-  orton, a German Lutheran minister of  the same place, and the pleadings set  forth the following state of facts:  Mr. and Mrs. Halverson luu-e a son  of tender years. The former desired  that the boy should be called Oscar,  after the present monarch of Mr. Hal-  verson's fatherland. Mrs. Halverson  dislikes the name Oscar, and Avas determined that the baby should not be burdened thercAvith. Mr. and Mrs. Hal-  verson took the baby to a clergyman to  be christened. Mr.'Halverson requested the minister to name the child Oscar,  but Mrs. Halverson had already talked  the reverend gentleman- OA^er, and to  Mr. Hah'-erson's surprise and indignation the boy Avas christened not Oscar,  but something else, Avhereby Mr. Halverson suffered serious disappointment,  loss of authority in his household,lacer-  ation of feelings, etc., for Avhich he  prays damages. The clergyman's defense is that he christened the child in  accordance Avith the Avishes of its  mother, Avho'se rig-ht in the premises he  considered as paramount. The case  brings up a novel question in jurispru-  pence, the decision of Avhich Avill be regarded with interest in thousands of  families throughout the land.  THE   OX.I)   MAN.  From Hardware.  There is a member  of the club avIio is  REFUSED  TO    WED  SEVEN,  AT     NINETY-  Rev. Dr. Water Gardner, rector of St.  Cornelius's church, West Houston St.,  Noav York, knows a very remarkable  woman. She is ninety-seven years of  age and lias just refused an offer of  marriage.  Foav Avomen Ha*c to be ninety-scA^en  years of age, and still feAverto be asked  to Avear orange blossoms at that advanced period in life.  "The Avoman in question." said Dr.  Gardner, "is Western by birth. She is  noAv living in the South and she does  not look to be within thirty years of her  a��*e. She is ont; of the most charming  women 1 haA'e ever seen."  young in years, but is already the ac-  tiA-e managing head of a large retail  and wholesale hardware establishment.  He Avas relating- an experience the  other day; "I was standing near two  clerks, who did not see" me. The  younger asked the other���who Avas ten  years older than myself���in regard to a  special discount. Said he in ansAvcr, '1  don't know.    Ask the old man.'"  "I wondered who he could mean. The  clerk seemed to know, for he put  straight to the office and asked for ine.  '"Was 1 offended? Not much. It Avas  the proudest moment of my life. No  man is eArer 'the old man' about a store  unless he is respected and liked. It  means power, appreciation, respect.  When a man of my age earns that title,  he ought to feel happy enough to go  out and throw roses at himself.  Raised Him Out.  A Denver gambler named Dougherty, Avhile in New York, Avhere he  found the games too slow for him,  heard that a pretty stiff game of  poker Avas played in Persia. So to  Persia Dougherty sailed, and he AVas  soon popular among the young  princes, even if he could not talk  Persian. They play poker somewhat  differently there from what we do in  this country. There is never any  money in sight. A man sits near the  table and records the bets, and a  settlement is made Avhen the game  is over.     This book-keeper is  also a  linguist, and whenever foreigners  play with these princes, as in Dougherty's case, he tells of the "raises."  One night Dougherty had been trailing in on nearly every hand, only  to be beaten in the "show-down."  Finally he caught a pair of sixes  about the time one of the princes  caught four of a kind. There had  been a deal of "jollying" and "horse  play" going on all the night, Dougherty, of course, could not understand  the words that Avere being spilled out  around him every second, but he  sever said anything or looked interested. He would simply skin his  cards, and come in when he wanted  to or lay'down, just as the notion  struck him. When he picked up his  sixes, he looked the Persian in the  eye, and the Persian laughed.  ''Tru-le-lu," said the Persian. ''Guying me, I reckon," said Dougherty,  "but I'll give you some of your own  sort of words. " Tru le-lum." "Tru-  le-lili-lo, said the Persian. ' Tru-le-  lele-lili-lole-lum," replied Dougherty;  but before he could get the Avords out  of his mouth, the young prince.threw  down his four of a kind, kicked the  table over, fell forward on a sofa  lying near, and broke out in a sob.  "My God, man!" exclaimed the interpreter, ' 'you raised him 'leven  millions that time!"  Good Liquor.  Alkali Pete���What sort of whiskey  are they settin' out over at the Blue  Ruin saloon, Pete?  , Bilious Pete���Finest in the land!  You can get drunk on it-now, stay  full for twenty-four hours, an' then  git drunk agin whenever yer want  to by merely shakin' yer head. ���N.  Y. Journal.  Statistics of the Thames.  The Thames of England is 170  miles long. The river of the same  name in Canada is said to be 160  miles long. Its namesake in the  United States is hardly more than a  dozen miles in length, but is better  for navigation than either.  Wishing to he  rcssc  Can nor do better than place their  orders with us. Perfect tit and  good work guaranteed.  M. A. WILSON,  The reliable Slocan Tailor,  Williamson' Block, Xew Denver, B. C  f>���'^ Sulflfe M\i% Snllfe Gulffe Sulffe  DR. A. MILLOY,  DENTIST  Room 3, Filbert Hotel, opp.  Postoffice. Sandon.  ��"��ijiii��  Never-Sweat  Is the best remedy , in the world  for sore and sweatv feet.,   ��� ....  The &&rman Array  use it, and are not troubled Avith  their feet.   Get it at NELSON & CO. 'S DRUG STORE,  New Denver.  The Job  room  of  To Prospectors  and Claim Owners  Mining Properties of  all kinds waiited for  English market.  Send full particulars to  RICHARD PLEWMAN  Milling Broker, P. O. Box 750, Rossland, -B. C  Is the finest west of the Red River  ..... -The Ledge carries the  largest stock of Printing Stationery in Kootenay, and can do  finer work than  any print shop  west of Lake Superior.. .    There are offices that quote  seemingly lower prices, but quality considered. The Ledge is  lower than any. No Chinese or  blacksmiths employed. Send orders by mail, express, freight or  pack train    If you are in the Slocan  metropolis call in and see  our plant, but do not touch our bull pup's pup, or allow the cyclone  caused by our fast cylinder press to Woav your plug hat out ot the  rear tunnel. Come in folks Avhen you have any job printing to  do, or cash thac is too heavy to cany, and we will give you a  profitable solution of your trouble.    Come, gentle pilgrims, come.  And you  will feel as though  you were having  a Holiday in  Paradise. ^^^m&k  i  ^S  The smoke  from the HP ID  Will be seen in  many mountain saloons  before the hills are  much older^^^^^^:- Fourth Year.  THE LEPGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUGUST 12, 1897.  THE  LADY OF   MY  DREAM.  Jn��=t for a dream's Bake ���would I have her so,  Just for a dream's span, lying half reclined  Against *he dusk, her plenteous hair in twined  With mills white pearls and lilies all aglow.  Just for a dream's sake only would I know  Tho fulJ perfection languidly outlined  Beneath the wreathing raiments that enwind  Her sumptuous   beauty  from  all winds that  blow.  She's but tho chiseled image of my dream,  The breathing marble from the model drawn  Upon my vision in the night's deep hush,  "When beauty's self, clad  in the moon's thin  beam.  Went forth to cull the first rose of the dawn  Amidst her garden grasses warm and lush.  ������-James Newton Matthews in New Bohemian*  A CADDIE'S TEAGEDY.  There is no usg telling who his master was, for it might vex some poor sensitive soul beyond the Styx and to no  purpose. But, for himself, he was a  most familiar fignre on the links���tall,  bent, somewhat one sided, an infirmity  that iucreiised Avith years and rheumatism, Avith an angular face, clean  shaved tAvice a Aveek, with a Scotch  honnet stuck awry above it and a short  clay pipe insecurely held in the corner  of his mouth for lack of teeth. Presumably he had not been always thus.  Doubtless there had been a time when  he was a barelegged gossoon, scampering blithely AA'ith naked feet, and again  a time when he was a spruce young  man, a faATorite Avith the Ifssies maybe, but if such times had ever been it  was extremely hard to picture them to  one's mental vision, and "Slowback"  himself neArer referred to them.  It was impossible to picture him other than he was when first Ave knew him  ���-shambling in gait, crooked of aspect,  clad in long trousers and an inadequately short coat, Avith a Avoolen scarf about  his neck, and booted at such length that  it seemed absurd to suppose his toes  could reach the end of their coverings.  He was a reserved man and appeared to  be Avithotit relatives. We did not trou-  ble to inquire about his lodging, but  every morning he was to be seen sitting  on the bench that the other caddies occupied, smoking his pipe and waiting  for his master to come with the clubs  from the clubhouse. Then he would  "carry" the two statutory rounds of  the links and disappear again until the  following morning. Hoav he spent his  Sundays we never thought of asking,  but no one has ever appeared to have  seen him on tho day of rest.  All this Avas iu the  years before the  "boom" iu golf which led  to the game  becoming the possession of all and sundry.    Books had not been written about  the game, and all the available maxims  Avere carried in the heads of those who,  like   "SloAvback," made  a   profession  either of  playing or of  carrying clubs.  ���The maxims Avere  substantially  three,  "SIoav back," "Keep your  eye on  the  bull"   and   "Don't press."    To   these  might have been  added   a  fourth, "Be  up."  But this applied more particularly  to the short game, and it was the first  of the maxims, concerned Avith the more  glorious business of the drive, that was  destined to   exercise  an   important  influence on "SloAvback's" life.    There is  no doubt, of course, that he had another  name   than   this  sobriquet, but it happened to none of us ever to learn it, and  the manner  in Avhich  he  obtained hifl  appcll.-itioti was as folloAvs: His master  wt��s  never  more   than   an   indifferent  player at the best.   He was conscious of  his deficiencies, but rather than attribute  them   to a-vbat were   perhaps  their  truer cause, of faulty eyesight or inadequate muscle, preferred to refer them to  neglect of  some of  the important maxims of the golfiug art  and especially to  that first quoted  one of   "SIoav back."  He conceived that  he  had contracted a  fatal habit of hurrying  the club aAvay,  in the   back  stroke, from the ball, and  that this  initial  error Avas  responsible  for all the subsequent miss hits and toppings with which  the  club visited  the  ball  on  its  descent.    Maybe   he  was  right.   But in  any case the  means  by  which he strove to cure himself of this  fatal tendency Avere to make his caddie  ejaculate the magic Ayords of monition,  " .SIoav back!" each time that he prepared  to raise his club for the driving stroke.  The result, it has to be   admitted, Avas  not Avholly satisfactory.  One can say no  more   than   that   his  execution  might  conceivably have been Avorse   in the absence of the Avarning.  Thus it went on tor several years. At  the end of that time it happened that  "SloAvback's" master���for already the  caddie had earned the nickname by  which alone Ave kneAV him���Avas called  aAvay for three weeks or so by the death  of a near relative. Then "SloAvback"  carried clubs for another master. But  the habit that he had formed during  these years of ejaculating his monitory  "Slow back I" as his master raised the  llub Avas not to be denied. Still, at the  ^onclusion of each address to the ball,  he uttered the solemn Avords, then found  himself covered Avith the most pitiful  confusion at the rebuke Avhich his uncalled for interference had merited. For  a stroke or iavo, putting great restraint  upon himself, he succeeded in keeping  bis soul in silence, but at the next the  Inevitable exclamation broke from him  again, to the distraction and despair of  the sufferer to whom it was addressed.  During the three Aveeks of his master's  absence several golfers made trial of  "Slowback's" services, for he was an  excellent caddie, saving his single idiosyncrasy, and regarded with a certain affection as being someAvhat of a "character" besides. But none could suffer him  long. One after another had to give  him up after being reduced to impotence and despair by his ravenlike  croak. At length his legitimate master  returned, and "SloAvback" was a man  again.  A few more years dragged their  length to a close, and then the hand of  death fell, this time on no near relative  of his master, but on the master himself. "SloAvback," in a new suit of  mourning, followed him to the grave  and came buck, still Avearing his appar  el of grief, to sit during the afternoon  on his accustomed bench with the other caddies. In the morning he beset  himself to find anew engagement. He  was in receipt of a small pension from  his late master in recognition of so  many years of faithful sei-Arice, but the  sum did not suffice to giA��e him independence. He Avas soon engaged, for the  links were thronged Avith players.  This time his employer was a newcomer, who knew nothing of "Slow-  back's" peculiarity. He was nearly  ���tuuned Avith surprise at what he deemed :be caddie's insolence on his first utterance, of the inevitable words. He said  nothing, hoAvever, on the first offense,  but when it Avas repeated expostulated  in unmeasured terms. To his surprise,  his rebuke brought "SloAvback" to the  verge of tears. Then, partly by his opponent and partly by the opponent's  caddie, the situation was explained.  He found himself able to mingle a measure of pity Avith his wrath, but throughout the round the ejaculation, many  times repeated, in the speaker's own  despite, spoiled his intended stroke and  led to the immediate payment of the  caddie and rejection of his further services.  SeA'eral times during the ensuing  Aveeks did iioav one and now another,  in ignorance or in pity, engage the unfortunate man to cany clubs, but in no  case could his idiosyncrasy be endured  beyond the limits of a single round. He  made efforts thatAvere absolutely heroic  to?? overcome it, swathing the woolen  comforter around his mouth until asphyxiation threatened him, but through  all the folds of the stuff came, with a  muffled lugubriousness, the hateful exclamation Avhich the man would have  given Avorlds to have withheld. Do  Avhat ho would he could not rid himself  of this damnosa haereditus, bequeathed  to him, along Avith his slender pension,  by his departed master. Gradually he  greAV to recognize the hopelessness of  his condition and ceased even to seek  employment. He spent his days sitting  dejectedly on the accustomed seat, growing thinner and more gaunt as poverty  set its grip more firmly upon him,  grateful if iioav and again one of his  friends on the bench-would give him a  fill of tobacco for his seldom replenished  pipe.  At length he ceased to frequent the  links altogether.. For some days no one  seemed to notice his absence. Then it  was noticed that "SloAvback" had disappeared, and we began to ask questions  about him. His cronies kneAV nothing,  only that he had not been down to the  links for a day or tAvo. We inquired  where he lodged and Avith some diffi-  sulty found the locality. It was up a  steep stair in a little house of a back j  street. His landlady told us that she  feared he Avas not well. For some days  he had not left the house and had eaten  next to nothing; said his stomach refused food, and that he had no appetite. We asked hcrAvhether she thought  he lacked for money, but the Avoman  Baid no, basing her information on the  fact that he had kept his small rent  paid up.  WhenweAvent in, it appeared at once  that he Avas very bad. He lay on the  bed terribly Avasfced, scarcely more than  a skeleton of a man. We asked Avhether  he had seen a doctor and being told  no sent off for one at once. He seemed  to recognize us, and a strange smile of  pleasure struggled across his thin features. He even tried to speak, but the  only word Ave could distinguish was his  terrible ejaculation of "SIoav back!"  though whether he Avere trying to speak  of himself thus by his familiar sobriquet or whether he deemed himself  still "carrying" for his old master on  the links Ave could hot tell. Ill en be  relapsed into silence and seemed to  sleep.  At length the doctor came. He took  but one glance at the poor figure on the  bed, passed his hand beneath the  clothes and laid it for a moment over  the heart. Then he turned to us, with a  grave face. "Skrwback" was dead.���  Cornhill Magazine.  gave the Spanish name for cheese, rrat  which was really a cooked curd, made  fresh that day. The senora told me it  was a common dish in Mexico during  the maturity of cerfcaia berries the  juice of Avhich was used to coagulate  the milk. After supper she sent one of  the boys with me to show me the plant,  and I identified it as a solanum, apparently Solanum carolinense. Of course  all fruit acids Avill curdle milk, but this  fruit contains practically no acids, its  taste being about the same as that of  the fruit of the common potato, a closely related species of solanum.  ' 'I therefore infer that the complete  coagulation of the milk in the case referred to was effected by a substance  contained in the fruit which acts as  rennet does, which action chemists regard as that of a kind of ferment. In  eatina the curd I could detect no taste  of the berries or of any kind of acid.  It had much the taste of fresh curds,  With which I Avas familiar in my boyhood days on a New England farm."  John Bull Takes a Look at Himself.  England of today is what Carthage  was in times of old. We are ruled by a  hungry, greedy aristocracy, which, in  its turn, is ruled by loan mongers and  by company mongers. Honor and honesty under this regime are derided as  old fashioned superstitions. The minister who can steal any territory whose  inhabitants are too weak to resist us is  acclaimed as a hero. The oompany promoter who can- build a palace by appropriating the savings of his fellow  countrymen is worshiped as a divinity.  When we mow down Africans with  maxims, we glory in this proof of our  bravery. When, at the bidding of kings  and emperors, we , shell Europeans  struggling to free themselves from the  suzerainty of some wretch who claims  their allegiance, we glory in our shame.  And while Ave swagger and boast of  our might we are in such abject fear of  being attacked that we heap up arma-.  ments on armaments, because, no matter what we spend, we still would  spend more to make as secure.���Loudon Truth.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Cazaliazua Fraction Mineral Claim.  Lot  1809.  Situate on north side of  Four Mile Creek about 4  miles east of Silverton, Sloean Mining Division of West Kootenay District.  ���j'AKE NOTICE, That I, Alfred Driseoll, as  1 agent for Don.Jd Bremner. free miner's certificate No. (K;,38<j, intend, GO days from the date  hereof to apply to the Alining-"Recorder, for a  certificate of 'improvements for the purpose of  obtaining- a crowp grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this Gth day of August, 1897.  AVAKEFLELD   MINERAL   CLAIM.  AVakefielcl Fraction  Mineral Claim.  Lot 1810.  Situate on north side of Four Mile Creek, about 4  miles east of Silverton, Slocan Mining Division of West Kootenay District.  T-AKE NOTICE, That I, Alfred Driseoll, as  L agent for Frank CuH'er, free miner's certificate No. 83,014, intend, 60 days from the date  hereof, to anply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced liefore the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this 6th day of August, 1897.  Klkliorn Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of AVest  Kootenay District. Where located: On Four  Mile Creek aliout 4 miles east of the town of  Silverton.  TAKE NOTICE that I, David Bremner, acting  as agent for George Fairbairn. free miners'  certificate No. 792.10, and J H. Wereley, free  miners' certificate No. 01097 (personal representative for W. H. Smith), intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  DAATD   BREMNER.  Dated this iuth day of June, 1897. jelO-aglC  HIDDEN   TREASURE   MINERAL   CLAIM.  PASSENCERR  EACH   DAY.  EACH  TRAINS  - Between ��  Trail and  Rossland  DAY.  On th  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where, located:  On the  left bank of Miller Creek, about hall a mile  from its junction with Carpenter Creek.  TAKE NOTICE. That I,'j. H.Gray, acting as  1   agent for J. A\r.  Stewart, free miner's certificate No. 77,098, intend, sixty  days from the  date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a  certiiicate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grunt of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under Sec,  37, must be commenced before <the issuance of  such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 10th day of July, 1897.  Contrast*.  Statistics shoAV that the uneducated  factory girl is more frequently married  than is the wide aAvake, capable girl in  the higher salaried position of stenographer, office assistant, clerk or trusted  secretary. The factory girl is no*  thrown with people of wealth and position so much as is her more talented  sister, and consequently when some  honest man comes along she is ready to  trust her future Avith his in a simple,  even shabby, little home. But the girl  who sees, day by day, the rustle of my  lady's silks and the courtly manners of  my lady's husband and sons will not be  content to give up her salary, however  difficult it maybe to earn it, for the  sake of being loved by a man who may  not find her so charming Avhen the rent  is overdue and the babies need new  shoes. So she stays on, growing old and  acquiring deeper lines about her mouth.  ���San Francisco Argonaut.  Pen and Typewriter.  An experimental race was recently  made in a Preach office betAveen a skillful typewriter and an expert penman,  the test being the number of times a  phrase of. eight words could be reproduced in five minutes. The typewriter  scored 37 and the penman 23.  HINCKLEY MINERAL CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of AVest  Kootenay District.   Where located: About  ���ii miles from Three Forks Hotel, on right  hand side of Carpenter creek, on the first  creek opjiosite Payne mountain.  rpAKE NOTICE, That I, C. A. Stoess,of Kaslo.  I   B.C., acting as agent for the Hinckley and  Black Colt Mining Company,   Limited,   free  miner's certificate No.��� 81,050, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder'for a certificate of improvements, for,  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.     And, further take notice, that  action under section 37, must be commenced  before the issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 17th day of July, 1897.  Situated in the Sloean Mining Division of  West Kootenay District. AVhere located?  About 800 feet from left fork of Sandon  Creek, and, runs parallel with Slocan King  and Emma claims.  TAKE NOTICE that I, the undersigned,  George-Alexander, Free Miners' Certificate  No. 74000, intend, sixty days from date hereof,  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certify  eate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the aliove claim.  And further take notice that  action, under  Section 37, must be commenced   before  the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  GEORGE   ALEXANDER  Dated this 24th day of May, 1897. je3-ag3  ColDiii^Western R'y  Run Made in one Hour.  JO-JO   MINERAL   CLAIM.  -ANTOINE MINERAL CLAIM.  Situated in the Slocan MiningDivisicn of \Arest  Kootenay District. Where located: In the  Ruby Silver Basin, adjoining the Surprise  Basin.  TAKE NOTIOE that I, George Alexander, free  miner's certificate, No. 7-1000, for myself  and as agent for C. H. Green, free miner's certificate No. 77704, and for Alex Smith, J'ree  miner's certificate No. 74195, intend GO days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the aliove claim.  AmFfurther take notice that action under  section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 89th. day of June, 1897.  GEORGE ALEXANDER.  Posted at Antoine .Mine, 30 June, 1897, by J.  O. Ryan. jyl5-agl5  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of  AVest Kootenay District. Where located :  On North Fork of Carpenter Creek, about  five miles above Throe Forks.  rPAKE NOTICE that I. Thomas Sinclair Gore,  1 acting as agent for Alice Trenery, free  miners' certificate No. 74205 and A. L. Davenport, free miners' certificate No. 74398, intend,  sixty days from the date hereof, to apply to  the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37. must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  T.   S.   GORE.  Dated this 20th day of May, 1897.  EMPIRE   NO:   5   AND    BRYAN   NO.   4.  MINERAL CLAIMS.  Situated in  the   Slocan   Mining  Division  of  West Kootenay District.   Where located :  On Carpenter Creek about one and a half  miles aliove Cody.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Charles Moore, acting  as agent for A. C. Holland, free miner's  certificate No. 89405 and John McNeill, free  miners certificate No. 77851, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant oi'  the above claims.  Aud further take notice that action, under  section  37,  must  be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements-  Dated this 24th day of May, 1897.  my27-jy27 CHARLES MOORE.  RICHMOND, STARVD3W AND EMPIRE NO. 0  MINERAL CLAIMS.  DEMOCRAT MINERAL CLAIM.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of  AVest Kootenay District. \\There located:  Southeast of the Twin Lakes.  rPAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg, as  1 agent for John G. Steel, free miner's certificate No. 84983 and William B. Cash, free  miner's certificate No. 78099, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, lor  the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commencedbefore tlie issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this loth day of July. 1897.  Not Needed.  "I have here a neat and pretty little  letter opeuer." began the agent.  "So have I at home,'' said the business man sadly. "I'm married."���Gin-  ciuaati O unrnercial Tribune.  I7URXISHED ROOMS  Astrology and Horse Racing.  Lord   Rosebery's  horoscope has been  drawn, or cast, or Avhatever may be the  proper  term, by   the  editor  of   "Zad-  kiel's Almanac, "and  not least interesting of  the astrologer's statements is  his assertion that the computations were  made "by permission." As his lordship  has not been moved to deny this it may  be regarded as true and adds credibility  to Augustus J. C. Hare's revelations as  to  the  trend  toAvard  supematuralism  which  marks the  British   aristocracy.  Most of the so called horoscope is sheer  gibberish, but  it contains a few amusing sentences and a few prophecies definite  enough   to   be  dangerous   to   the  maker.    "Zadkiel" says   that Mars has  dominion   oaxt  Lord Rosebery's mind,  and he quotes Claudius Ptolemy, whoever  he  may be, as  declaring that the  "influences  of   this   star  render  men  noble, imperious, versatile,' powerful in  intellect, acute, self  reliant, stern   and  able in government." Jupiter and Mercury also   took  a  hand in   the favored  statesman's destiny, and   thus "configuration,"   it  appears, makes   a person  "fit for much  business, fond   of  learning, public  orators, temperate,  skillful  in  counsel, politic,  beneficent, able   in  government."   The  evil   influence Avas  Saturn.    This star "marred   the public  career  of  Lord  Rosebery and   brought  him many sinister aud bitter  enemies,  even among his own party." That was  cruel  of  Saturn,   but better  days  are  coming.     "His    lordship's   fifty-third  year,"   says   "Zadkiel,"   "will   bring  some  good   directions   into  operation,  promising   advancement   and    success.  He has a very good chance of  Avinning  the Derby on the 2d of  June next with  his fine colt Velasquez. " Thus is astrology  reduced   to  the  giving of  racing  tips.���NeAV York Times.  Berries That Make Cheesa.  "Pursuing my investigations, I crossed over into northern Mexico, and I  was for several days the guest of an intelligent Mexican family," says a writer in The American Kitchen Magazine.  "One evening they had for supper a  not  unpalatable   dish,   to  Avhich  they  BLACK COLT MINERAL CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   Joins  the Hinckley on the south; a ielocation of  the Montana.  rpAKE NOTICE, That I. C. A. Stoess, of Kaslo,  1   BC acting as agent for the Hinckley and  Black  Colt  Mining Company,  Limited, free  miner's certificate No, 81,050, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37. must be   commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 17th day of July, 1897.  MARCH   MINERAL   CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Three-  quarters mile s. e. of town of Sandon.  "TAKE NOTICE, That I, R.E. Palmer, acting  i. as agent J'or George Gooderham, free  miner's certificate No 75189, intend, sixty days  from date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder J'or a certificate o"f improvements for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37. must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 29th dav of July, 1897.  R. E. PALMER.  No. 6 Leaves Rosslaud at 7 a.m.; Connects in  the morning with Steamer at Trail.  No. 3 Leaves Trail at 8:15 a.m.; Connects at  Rossland Avith Red Mountain train for  Spokane.  No. 2 Lea\-es Rossland at-11:00 a.m.  No. 1 Leaves Trail at 12:30 p.m.; Connects with  CP.R. main line Stearnes from the north  at Trail.  No. 4 Leaves Rossland at 3:00 p.m.: Connects  with CP.R. main line Ste&ineir, lor the  north ot Trail.  No. 5 Leaves Trail at 5:45 p.m.; Connects with  Steumer Lytton at Trail.  F. P. GUTELIUS, Gen'ISupt.  Trail, B.C., June 4,1897.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  RAILWAY.  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  East ��  or  West.  Steamer     leaves    Nakusp    every  morning*, making close connection  at   Eevelstoke with trains?   for  all points East or "W est  CAZUBAZUA   MINERAL   CLAIM.  Bv Dav or Week.  Mrs. A. J. Murphy.  SIXTH STREET  The  Sawmill  Having placed some new machinery  in our Mill, wo are prepared to fur.  nish all kinds of rough and dressed  Lumber  and Shingles  at Eednced Prices  PRICE LIST:  Rough Lumber, narrow, ��10 o"  "         wide. 511 00 to  12 ..  Joist and Seantiini. sized up to  18 feet long. 11 ..  8' to 24           "         ��� 12 ..  21 'to 30 ' 13 ..  Flooring, T & G, �� "��� 20 .  ���   "               ���'      4 '' 22 ..  V jchit Ceiling. ����� 22 ..  "Rustic, 19 ..  Shiplap, 14 ..  Surfaced Dressed, 13 ..  A liberal discount on large orders for Cash,  PETER GENELLE & C  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay  Dlstriot.    Where located:���On  Slocan Lake, adjoining the Town of Silver-  ton on the south.  TAKE NOTICE that I. C. W. Callahan, Frea  Miner's Certificate No. 74G15, intend, sixty  days from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commencedbefore the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  C.   AV.   CALLAHAN  Dated this 4th day of June, 1897.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On Four  Mile creek about 4 miles east of the town of  Silverton.  TAKE NOTICE that I, David Bremner, acting  as agent for George Fairbairn, free miners'  certificate No. 7925G, and Frank Culver, free  miners' certificate No. 60005 intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Miniug  Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtains a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements  DAVID   BREMNER.  Dated this 10th day of June, 1897. jelO-aglO  Before you travel get information from  CP.R.   Agents as to time and  rates.    It will save you money  Apply to nearest Eailway Agent  or to  H. DOUGLAS, Agent.  H. M. MacGregor,   Trav. Pass Agt,  Nelson,   or to E.  J.  Coyle,   Dist.  Pass. Agt, Vancouver, B.C.  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red  Mountain  RAILWAYS  NOTICE.  VTOTICE is hereby given that Iintend, 60 days.  Ia after date to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and AVorks for permission to  purchase 160 acres of land, ("more or less) situated on Glacier creek, on the opposite side of  Slocan lake from New Denver, and commencing at a post marked -'Henry Stege's s. e. cor-  neri thence 40 chains west, thence, 40 chains  north, thence 40 chains east, thence 40 chains  south  to   place of commencement.  Located July 21.1897,  HENRY STEGE,  New Denver, July 29,1897.  NOTIOE.  OTTAWA   NO.   2   MINERAL   CLAIM.  NOTICE.  QIXTY days after date I intend to apply to  ij the Chief Commissioner of Lands and  AV'M-lcs lor permission to purchase 160 acres of  lam" more or less described as'follows:���Beginning nt a post planted ou the West or right  bunk of Wilson Creek, about :} of a mile from  its mouth, and marked S. E. Corner A. M.  Wilson,thence along the East Boundary line of  298. G 1. North, about 459 feet to a post marked N. E. Corner of Lot 298. G. 1.: thence AVest  along North Boundary of said Lot 298. G. 1.  about 900 feet more or less to a post marked  S. W. A. M. Wilson . thence North 40 chains :  thence East ���!') chains more or less to Bank of  Wilson Creek : thence following meanderings  of Wilson Creek in a southerly direction to  place of beginning. Containing by admeasurement l<jti acres more or less.  A.   M.   WILSON.  Rosebery, B.C , 28th May 1897 je3-ag3  Situate on North side Foxir Mile Creek, some  Five   Miles   East   of   Silverton.    Slocan  Mining Division of AVest Kootenay District.  TAKE  NOTICE   that I,   Alfred  Driseoll,   as  agent for Geo. Fairburn, free miners' certificate No. 78.250. Paul Anderson, free miner's  certificate No. 79,262. Charles Anderson,  free  miner's certificate No. 61,825,  intend, 60 days  after  date   hereof,   to apply   to   the   Mining  Recorder for a   certificate   of  improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown'Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action as under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  A.   DRISCOLL.  Dated this 12th day of June. 1897. jel7-agl"  GREENLEAF   MINERAL   CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of AVest  Kootenay District. 'Where located? Adjoining the Clipper, about three miles  above the town of New Denver.  TAKE notice that we. the undernamed. A.  Ferguson, free minor's certificate No. 67988.  J. Cummings. free miner's certificate No. 85357.  W. C. McKinnon, free miner's certificate No.  84994. N. Angrignon. free miner's certificate  No. 79098, J. Cadden.free miners certificate No.  74051, intend sixty days from date hereof to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificates of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of July, 1897.  "VTOTICE is hereby given, that sixty days after  -L* date we intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission  to purchase the following described land, situated in the Slocan Mining Division, AA^est  Kootenay District, on Four Mile Creek, about  three miles from the town of Silverton:  Commencing at a post on the north side of  Four Mile Creek, marked " Kenneth Morrison,  C. A. Gardner and E. AV.Bradshaw's northeast  corner," and running east 50 chains, thence  south 30 chains, thence west 50 chains, thence  north 30 chains to point of commencement,  and containing 160 acres more or less.  Dated the 8th day of July, 1897.  KENNETH MORRISON,  C. A. GARDNER.  jyl5-agl5 E. AV. BRADSHAAV.  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  & TRADING CO.,   LTD.  The only all rail route without change  fears betAveen Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave.  9:10 a.m.  11:00 "  8:00 a.m.  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  ARRlA'E.  5:45 p.m.  3:40   "  6:40 p.m.  Kaslo and  Close connection with Steamers for  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle   River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  KASLO .&SL0CANRY  TIME CARD  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  ii  On Kooten.-iv Luke and R'ver.  .JENNY LIND.  ROBERTSON AND BEAVER  MINERAL   CLAIMS.  Situated  on North  side of Four Mile Creek,  some Five Miles East of Silverton. Slocan  Mining  Division  of West Kootenay District.  TAKE  NOTICE   that:  I,   Alfred   Driseoll.  as  agent, for A. H Bremner, free miners, certificate No. G(i385.  intend, on days after date  hereof, to apply to the Mining   Recorder for  certificates of improvements for the purpose  of   obtaining   Crown    grants  of    the   above  claims.  And further take notice that action as under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  A.   DRISCOLL.  Dated this 12th day of June. 1897. jel7-agl7  Time Card in   Effect  July 12th.  1S97.    Daily  Except Sunday. Subject to Change without notice  Close connection at Five  Mile  Point with all  jiasscngei trains of theN. & F.S.R.R. to and from  Northport, Rossland and Spokane.  Through   tickets sold  at   Lowest  Rates and  Baggage checked to all United States Points.  Leave 8 00 A.M.   Kaslo  "   8 30     '"      South Fork  "   9 3G     "      Sproule's '���  "   9 51     "       AAvhitewater ,;  '��� 10 03    ���'      Bear Lake i;  " 10 18    "      McGuigan "  " 10 38     "      Cody Junction "  Arr. 10 50     "      Sandon Leave  CODY   LINE.  Arrive, 3 50 P.M  3 15 "  2 15 "  ������       ���> CO "  i;       1 4S "  "        1 3S "  1 12 "  1 00 "  Leave 11.00 i  "     11.25  Sandon  Codv  Arrive 11.55 a.m.  11.20    "  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngr.  GEO.  F. COPELAND,  Superintendent.  THE   STEAMER  Lv. Kaslo for Nelson and way points. 5:15 a.in  Ar. Northport 12:15 p.m.; Rossland 3:40 p  m.; Spokane, 0 p.m.  Lv.   Nelson for Kaslo and way points. 4.45 p.m.  Lv. Spokane 8 a.m.; Rossland. 10:20 a.m.:  Northport, 1:50 a.m.  NEAV SERVICE ON KOOTENAY LAKE  Lv. Nelson for Kaslo. etc. Tues.. AVed.. Thurs.;  Fri.. Sat.: 9:30 a.m. Ar. Kaslo. 12:30. p.m  Lv. Kaslo for Nelson, etc... Mon.. Tues.. AVed.,  Thurs., Fri.; 5 p.m.    Ar. Nelson. 9 p.m.  BONNER'S FERRY ami KOOTENAY RIVER  SERVICE.  The Alberta awaits the arrival of the International before leaving for Bonner's Ferry.  Lv. Kaslo. Sat.,9.3(1 p. m: Ar. Boundary. Sun.  i". a.m.: Aj. Bonner's Ferry. Sun.. 10.30 a.m.  Lv Bonner's Ferry, Sun.. 1p.m.: Ar. Boundary. Sun., 5 p.m.; Ar. Kaslo, Sun.. 10 p.m.  Close connecton at Bonner's Ferry with  trains East bound, leaving Spokane 7.40 a.m.,  and West bound, arriving Spokane 7 p.m.  GEORGE   A LEX A NDER, Gen'l Mgr  Head Office at Kaslo, B.C.  Kaslo. BC. July 13,1897  W.HUNTER  Will leave NEW DENVER, every  afternoon upon arrival of train  from Sandon,  FOR SILVERTON,   SLOCAN CITY and ALL  INTERMEDIATE  POINTS.  -Will leave SLOCAN CITY at 7 a.m.  every morning except Sunday  Powder earned only on Fridays.  Time Table subject to change without notice.  S. T. N. CO.. Ltd..  June 1,1897.  G. L. EST A BROOK. Master.  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  Avell furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevey, Slocan Lake, B.C. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUGUST 12, 1897.  Fourth Year..  MINING RECORDS  Showing the Rapid Development of the Slocan.  LOCATIONS OF  THE WEEK  Assessment Work Done on Claims  and Transfers of Mining;  Properties.  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded during the  Aveek in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Denver Avere  as follows:���  LOCATIONS.  Aug. 3.~Little Alice, O W  Baldwin.   Laura  H. Jas G Irving; Dark Eyed Homer, Alice Libby.  AUG. 4.���Silver Sprav, C L (Capp, E L White  Capp, Cora May  Capp. E L White and  nd  western Boy, Jas  Black Jack, R J Murphy  Jas D  Nellie B,  and F Henderson; Tesla, C  and Nellie McGuire, C L  F Henderson; Hudson and  Clark and J H Stubhs; "  And Neil O'Donnell; Silyei Clifl', August Anderson"  Auci. 5.���Iron Duke, Thos Clark; Rubv Hole,  S AVeese and J W AVhite; Exchange, S Weese;  Henrietta Fractional, H A Smith and G E Smith.  Aug. fi.���Hazard Fractional No 2, F Owen;  Saragossa, E G AVarren; Mountaineer, F Leas;  Porcupine, L \V Ostrander; Rock Rabbit, F i  Coveney and H F Ostrander; Silver Dollar, Albert AVatts: High Rock, W A Allan; Silverton  Fraction, C H Abercrombie.  Aug. 7.���Adventure, Elizabeth McDonnell;  Harrv Mack, AA' E McConiicll; Blue Nose and  Deadnaugh, Robt Burnett and E1) Murphy.  ASSESSMENTS.  AUG. 3.���Lone Lake, J H Currie.  Aug. -J.���Genesee, G W Shaw; Vulture, Recorded Owners;   Vermont, Henry Brown et al.  Aug. 5.���Spokane Jim,  H   M Martin   et al;  Great Hope, Robt Swallwell;   Monchon  Stewart;   Da'.riada, F F McNaughten;  Ogamo, Recorded Holders.  Aug. c>.���Louella, F J Coveney.  Aug. 9.���LeRoi, E Stewart; Currant, Tramway, Cedar, P J Hickey.  Aug. 10.���Nicola, Conrad Bill et al; Tremont  and Osborne, Conrad Bill et al.  ThANSI-ERS.  Aug. 4.���Franklin *, E C Carpenter to E M  Sandilands, Sept 19, '95, *200.  Aug. 6���Apis, Nettie E Dryden to Kate Ten-ill,  July 28.  Lakeview 1-5, D D McDonald to Franci�� Curry,  July 1.  Jeanie 1-5, Thos M Rae to F Curry, July 1.  Royal Five 1-5, \AT J Laughlins to F Curry,  July 5.  Royal Five 1-5, AAr J Laughlins to Ed Hunt.  July 5.  Lake Ariew 1-5, D D McDonald to Ed Hunt,  July 1.  Jeanie 1-5. Thos M Rae to Ed Hunt, July 1.  Aug. 7.���Lady Franklin J, Geo Quintal to Thos  Ewell, Aug. 0.  Aug. 9.���Noonday 1-10, Fourth of July and  Grey Eagle, 1-5 iu each, John Chilian to Byron  N White, Aug 5. *500  Bell wood J, H M AValker to F B DeMers,  May 20. "    .  AUG. 10.���Phoenix No 4, Thos AV Listler fo P  Mullen, Aug 9.  SLOCAN   CITY   RKCOBDS.  LOCATIONS.  AUG 3' '  Night Hawk, H J Btierly, H C Sewell; Town-  send, Frank Granville; Leslie, Frank Henderson;  Minnie Myrtle 2d, Frank Carlisle, Frank Con-  dell.  Aug i  Three Friends, Sam Whittaker,- .IF Yates, T  Henderson; Mystery, YV D McGregor; Hidden  Treasure, James A Baker; Pioneer, Isaac Loug-  heed; Butte; J Irwin; X 10 U 8, J A McKay;  Silver Heights. J D Ford; Rome, Tom Kaermeen;  \\ atertown, Chas McGibbon; Ogdcnsburg, same;  Rawhide, Henry Riechard. E B Dun.lop; Charming AVidow, John Radcliffe; Bristol Boy, John  AA' Armstrong.  Aug 5  Hillside, J F Yates, Sam AVhittaker.  Aug. 7���Arlington Fraction. C A Haller. AA'y-  andotte, A McDonald, A McAVilliains and J E  Skinner. Alexandria, A McDonald. Crystal, S  B Clement. Little Giant and Everett, J E Swallwell. Jubilee, A N Shaw. Roland, Thos J  Smith.  AUG. 9.���Humming Bird, AVm McLeod; B M,  F R Storne; Night Hawk, B F McNaught; Hidden Treasure, S Cooper; AA7hite RosCj J Campbell  and Tony Long;        "  H Grey.  Alberta, Joe Dufrcsne and F  ASSESSMENTS.  Aug 3 o-  Kingston, Mic Mae.  Aug 4  Starlight, Minnisink, Sam AVeller, Agnes.  Aug 7.���Iron Cap, Maryland, Horace No 2.  Aug 9.���Smeralda, Selective, Katie, Tallahasse,  M amnion. <  TltANSl'-EKS.  Aug 2  AA7m H Burton to D Mowat-  -.V Tuscorroria.  AUG ?. '  J S Freeze to H J Brierly���1 P Q and i 0 P;  A H Bremner, Alex Dick and A E Fauquier to  W E Boie and Martin Isaacson���Exchange, Victoria, Skookum and Silver Plate; \A7 E Boie and  Martin Isaacson to A E Fauquier���same; A E  Fauquier to New Gold Fields ol B C���same.  Aug 7���Mammon, aPeter  Beauchere.  Huckerbee  to J T  Aug. 9.���Cornwall J, Ed  Gillivray to J 0 Todd. -ilOO.  AVall and Huntington, i in each,  AA'm Nash,;sioo.  Butte i, J Irwin to John Sandusky.  Shannon to A Mc-  J 0 Todd to  AINSWORTH   MINING   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Ewan; Deadwood, Dau Hughcy, John M Martin;  Moutrose, S E Duncan, Tom E Jones: Copper, J  J Lvnch; Resiprositv, Arch R Grant: Ptarmigan,  E Andrews; Snow Ball, T J Hull; Whistler, Wm  O'Neil: Alaska, AA* L Panunell: Queen o f the  Hill. Aiidrew Miller; Abel, H Sheffins, C Kuhu.  July 31  St Paul.AA* A Hayes: Kinu-tisher, J Beaman, A  Bergman; Comet, same; Sunrise. James Harvey;  Reindeer. A\' B Aooder: Sunset, A B Morris:  A7eritas. P H Walsh ; Snow Bird, John Welin,  Wm Johnson: Grea Eagle, same; Sunbeam, Nels  Hokans; Jenny Frank Viden; Exchange, Chas  Nelson; Early Morning. Mrs A Carney: Combin-  I ation,-Eugeiie: Montraine ; Mount Tabor Joe  | Mattel!: Rod Star, A A McKinnon; Hazel, A B  Fluner; Silver Fall, A A McKinnon.  Aug. 2.���Huckleberry, Harry Aitken and  Reginald E Lanyon. Zephyr, A N McAnlay.  Pandora, Joseph Hethington. Dry ore, Chas  Kossiter. Great Britain and Cooper, D McLean.  Ontario. Angus Smith. Dominion, R McLean.  Phoenix. Nigel Ewart. Alta Fractional. A L  Miller aiid W F Bedell. AVebster, E B AVebster.  Santa Monica, M D Clements.  Aug. 3.���Grant and Kanonolis, H M YocurnJ  Tipton, S T Laird. Pioneer,MatSoi. Snowline,  John Alio. Portland, C S Allmen. Blue Bird,  A E Lindberg and Carl Nelson. North Star, J  j Hanson. AA7hite Cap, A E Noren. Silver Reef  and Park, H C Foster. Little Joker Fractional,  ��� Keno and Four Crow, F Steele. Tip Top. A G  Fraser. AVhite Star. Peter S K rig-land. St Louis  Thos H McFarlane.' Ottawa, AA7m Hazard. One  Mile, Geo McPherson. Lone Star, Jas Rvan.  Charles City, W B Muir. Skvlight, A E Price,  and John Duncan. Black Bear. AVm Moulse.  Chief, Chas Olson and L Jones. Almond. Jas  AVerrior. Diamond Hitch and Lake Shore. Robt  Irving. Bell, RT Martin. O K, C Van Moer-  kerke  Aug. 4.���Lydia Lee. J J Shea. The Jordan. H  A Cameron. Salida, P G Linder. OK, AV D  Jackman. Cataract. \Arm Ryan. Duplex No. 2,  H Croft. Mamie Fractional, D E Harris. Sweet  Cakes, Antoine Svensiski. Sih-er Stream, Jos  Sheasgreen. Legal News, T B Mav. Rock in  Place, A Swensisky. Green Creek, T B Byrne.  Dry Ore, B E Sharp. Bcllfast and Evergreen,  A. Phillip and D Good.  ASSESSMENTS.  Aug, 2,^-Vlu Pire; Ormonde, Assurance, Sundown, liol'neoi  Aug. S.���Sttii'.S Mac, Llilie Kane,Black Prince.  Silver Tip, Odin. A PA. Veritas, Walhalla,  Daisy Moore, King B. Bryan, Norman.'  Aug. 4!���Kootenay Star, Democrat, TreadwclL  Cuba No 2, Boston, Lotus. New Castle, Lawrence,  King Solomon, Omaha, Mt A7ernon, Wild Bill,  Dean Swift, Come by Chance, Harriett.  TltANSFEIiS.  July 2G  Geo L Peet to J B McArthur���4-5 Grey Eagle;  James A Graham to J B Mc Arthur���4-6 A7ictoria  and Canada; T M Jones to J B McArthur���4-5  Midnight and Winnifred ; D McDonald to same  ���4-5 Air.eric and Jubilee; Eric Johnston to Frank  Nelson���.j Jessie; same to same���h Sunset.  July 27  Frank Nelson to Eric Johnson���h Mayflower  and * Blue Bird; Thos S Clark to Rod A Rydn���h  Palatka; H Geigerich'. to J D Kendell and J J  Shea���J each Thurso; Wm Meadows to H Hul-  bert���cxtenson of time on Colorado; Nels Martin  claims half interest in Silver Bell, Bub, Little  Bell.  July 28  Michael Landrigan to AA7 Perdue���1 Midge; J J  Shea and J D Kendell to H Geigerich���i Buckingham and Gatineau, .*100.  July 29  AVm Anderson ro Frank���J Standard; A D  Moores to Thos'.Kent��� k Milo, S100  July 30  D M Dongard, Ellen Bongard Jind Jennie L  Mc.Plice v.o R S Tatlow���Iron Mountain, .*500; A J1  Harris to G 0 Buchanan���Evening Star, S500: J  H Alexander to Martin Heath���Bond on | Pontine  and Tecumsle, $1250; win Turner to Joseph  Dawner���1-U Old Joe  Aug.  2.���Colorado,  power of attorney,  Win  Meadows to A McCreary, July 31.  <�� Sundown, Alex McKay to Geo C Wharton,  July 31.  .'. "Sundown, J A Carlson to Alex McKay, July  5, $200. -;  h Seven-Come-Elevcn. Arthur C Houghton to  Percy Criddle, June 20.  Salem, Michael Sullivan and M D Clements to  C S AA'arren, July 15, >500.  ���J Snow shoe, Irene, Roger, P G Nash to J Fred  Ritchie, July 10, $475.  1-5 Snow Shoe. Irene. Roger, P G Nash to F M  Forten, July 19, $100  Aug. 3.���J-Mountain Goat No 2, A TGarlaud  to AVm Stables, July 23.  1-6 Olivia and Tipton, S T Laird to H M Yocum,  Au"*3.  5-0 Grant, Kanopolis and Viola, H M Yocum to  ST Laird. Aug3.  i Peacock, Co|j])er, Copper Glance and Silver  Star, A Carney to Joseph Swanson.  Aug. 4.���Elk Range. Conrad Wolfe to Lewis  Levy, Julv 29.  Elk and Elk Range, Lewis Levy and Jas G  Kidwell to M P Goldwater, Aug 2.  ^SjiiiiiiiiinniniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiimniiiiimniifflffliiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiii^  I NEWS IN PLACE!  %.  Alex. McKay and John LoA~ett are on  their Way to the Klondike.  Mister David W. King- Avas in toAvu  lastAveek. His guardian did not accompany him.  Dr. Lambert, from Pembroke and  more recently of Kossland, has decided  to locate in AinsAvorth.  The odor from the slaughter house at  the head of Sixth street is .strongenough  to pack death into any community.  Posters haA7e been stuck up calling  for tenders for the erection of the government school house of NeAV DeiiA'er.  The fact that the steamer Slocan employs a Chinese cook seems to disgruntle a lot of people Avho neArer eat a  meal on the boat.  Rev. Dr. Robertson, superintendent  of Presbyterian missions, held a special  service at NeAV DeiiArer on Friday eA'en-  ing, and on Sunday held services both  morning and evening at Nakusp, all of  Avhich Avere A7ery largely attended.  Repairs on the Pilot Bay, smelter are  now Avell under way, and "the old toAvn  is again assuming a lively air. Thomas  Mitchell Avent doAvn on Monday to commence repairs on the concentrator,  and a good force of men are uoav busy.  Engineers are on the ground surveying  for some important improvements "that  are contemplated,  Work oh the Fidelity continues to go  steadily on, day and night. Tho force  uoav consists of'six men, and more will  be put on as rapidly as they can be  used to advantage." The mine shoAvs  up better eA7ery day, and it is the intention of the oAvners to at once begin the  sinking of a 100-foot incline shaft, following the ore, upon the completion of  from the comparison with Rossland's  expenditure for the same period, as no  such Avorks haA'e yet been undertaken  here. As Nelson "has spent SH070.40 in  these tAvo undertakings, Ave must deduct that amount from the total of ��12,-  2ii9.99, Avhich gives the expenditure to  be compared on equal terms Avi^ that  of Rossland as $(i 199.59. During the  same period Rossland's expenditure has  been-823,489, or Arery nearly four times  as much as Nelson's.  The receipts have been more equal.  Nelson's being $4081.25, and Rossland's  $5818.10. From the foregoing it will  appear that the municipality of Rossland Avill be a costly machine to run,  and the taxpayers may yet rue the day  that the}' petitioned' for self-gOATern-  ment. On the other hand Nelson seems  to have begun .well, and to all appearances has adopted the motto, "economy  Avith efficiencv."  JNO.ICOVER,  WM. BENNISON,  Branches-  Everett, AVash.  39 Upper Brook St., London,  Members of the Rossland Stock Exchanj.  and Board of Trade.  H. E. COVER.  Cable Address���"Bennison."  Moreing and Neal,  Clough's (new and old),  Bedford McNeill,  and ABC Codes  f  He   Strove   to  Please.  begun  ore  The  in a Arerv  SILVERTON.  IS  being  (Our Own Correspondent.)  Work is progressing on the Robin.  The force at the Wakelield  increased.  I.:  Mrs. E. Carey, of Calgary, has opened  a lodging house here.  Sanford Daig-le is building a blacksmith shop on2nd Ave.  . Kirk, the jeAveler, Avill open his store  this Aveek with a good stock.  A restaurant has been opened next to  the Hotel Silverton, by C. L. SAveeney.  It is rumored that Avedding bells are  to ring here about the tAventieth of this  month.  The Silverton NeAvs Co. intends to  remove  its  location  to   the  Block across the street.  Matheson, the druggist, is enlarging  his store to make room for the  stock he is daily expecting.  Foss& McDonnell, contractors for the  Avagon road, have put on 50 men, Avhich  number Avill be increased as the work  progresses.  Duncan Grant is  mercantile block north  Hotel.   The upper flat will be made,  into a lodging house.  The tunnel of the Surprise, an extension of the Alpha, has been driven  driven for eighty feet to the ledge, and  the OAvners now intend to cross-cut.  Three men are at Avork there.  An impromtu dance Avas given in Mc-  Kinnon's Hall on Thursday evening.  The Sih7erton Orchestra, consisting of  Messre. Horton, Summerville and  Webb, furnished the music, and a good  tiine Avas had by all avIio attended". C.  A. Odette Avas an  efficient floor man-  Avhich stoping will ��� be  Fidelity avUI be shipping  short time.  A neAV discoA7ery Avas this week made  on the Alpha, one of the Lake VieAv  group, belonging to Kyte and Bene-  dum, near SilArerton. "The ledge is  parallel to that of the Fidelitv, and  about 2,000 feet south of it. It 'has all  the earmarks of the Fidelity ledge, being Avell mineralized,and having quartz  of the same character, and, Avhere dis-  coA'ered, carrying some galena. It  Avill be stripped in search of an ore  chute as rapidly tis the OAvners can  do it.  Men were put on during the Aveek to  restring the electric light Avires, and J.  A. McDonald, Avho has leased the plant,  says he hopes to be able to start up by  the end of the month. The dynamos  and some of the other machinery Avas  yesterday shipped to Trail for repairs.  Mr. McDonald came here from Wardner, Idaho, and has had some fifteen  years of experience as an electrical  engineer in Portland and other cities  of the NortliAvest. He has just completed the Aviring for lights arid bells of the  Denver Hospital.  Very'rapid progress is being made  Avith the construction on the Highlander  trarmvay and concentrator. The frame  Avork and headstalls of the tram are in  place, and it is expected, that it will be  completed in about two Aveeks. Grading for the concentrator site has been  completed, the lumber bill has been  tilled, and the machinery is on the  ground. The mill is of 100 ton capacity  and Avas manufactured bv theEchvard  P. Allis Co., of Milwaukee. It is the  intention to have the plant running by  the 1st of October.  ���a.  Even a man Avith all the A7ariety the  NeAvmarket table offers may lose his  appetite these hot days. The proprietor did one evening' this Aveek, and  ordered the assistant chef to go catch a  chicken and broil it for him. The bird  was done to a delicate broAvn, and so  Avas Mr. Stege. For it turned out that  the assistant chef had laid murderous  hands oil the first foAvl he could, the  Aveather being too hot to chase, for tlie  tenderest, and that this Avas tlie celebrated game rooster of Avhich George  Wharton has croAved so much���value  ��30. The bird proA7ed tough, the cost  will be tougher���on Mr. Stege.  Although the Alaska boats are croAvded  these days, the officers are doing all that  they can to make e\rerybody comfortable  and" contented.  When the Queen Avas about to sail, a  man rushed down to the purser and ex-  exclaimed excitedly:  "Look here, I.paid for a stateroom for  myself and Avife, and when I got there I  found an old coav sticking her head  through the Avindow."  "I am very sorry, sir," said the purser,  ���'AA'e are A'ery Crowded, but I will do the  best I can for you. John, (turning to a  deck hand), go up on deck and turn that  cow around!"  WM. BENNISON  , ROSSLAND, B.C.  DEALERS IN  .AND  MINES  MINING SECURITIES  Freddie���Oh, pa. the goat swallowed my big firecracker.  CobAvigger���Well, that's nothing  to be crying about.  Lreddie���Yes, it Avas, pa. The  thing never Avent off.   ,  Baby carriages, fancy upholstery and  furniture at CroAvley's." f   ���  . , _ p .   THE   FIDELITY MINERAL CLAIM.  'E solicit correspondence with parties having  meritorious mining properties for sale, and  beg to say that we have connections in the  principal cities of Canada, England and the United  States,^ and are in daily receipt of inquiries lor  developed mines and promising prospects.  f  18 YEARS  EXPERIENCE  In active mining operations and reduction of ores,  and a knowledge of the different mining districts of  B.C. enables us to furnish reliable and competent  information pertaining to mines and mining matters.  References given.  Bragg's  large  building   a   large  of the Silverton  BAND   CONCERT.  July 26  Tin Cuo���AV A Clute; Slide Out���Otto Augustine: Stand Off���Ed Baum; Portia and Navioleon  ���John A Rice; Antonio���Geo AA7 Hayes; Huckle  Berry and Linna���E C Rogers; Blue Bird���D F  Strobeck; Mayes���I'at Stratford and AA7 Mays;  Harrington and Jumbo���Pat Nicholson; Orient-  Andrew Lee; Mistery and Climax���Henrv  O'Brien: Black Cloud and St Albans���Frank k  Townseiid; K & S���W J Adams: Eindeii��� Theo  F1 Adams; AVhite Grouse and Kainy Day, Henry  Pillkalin: Pynhotite���Wm H Blackman; King  Fisher���Alexander Owens; Kainy Day���C H  Chanmau; Donald���R McDonald, H McLellan;  Anteloiic���C H Chapman; McLellan���B McDonald. H McLellan; First Find���AVm Cunningham;  Black Prince���Alex Fairbairn; Florence L Fraction���Arthur Mullin: Lone Jack���Patrick Owens;  Tony and High Bluff��� AValter dough, Tony  Long'. Majorie���John Mcintosh  July il  Eagle Nest nnd Ragged Edge���C \V Sturgls,  Scott Thornbury, Thos Melrose; Old Joe���Joseph  C AA7caver, AA7 M Turner; Compass���P R Doherty.  A J McAlear.M H Currie; Georgte���John Hcrron:  Alcavone. Hugh Jones; Black Bird, AVin J  AAMiife; Black Diamond, S J Renter; Palatka, T  S;Clark; Kootenay. Chris RufHeson; Rochester,  E J Blanclihard; Fletcher, T JLendrum; Thurso,  H Geigerich: Bokoshe. J HJackson; Porcupine  and Standard, S P .Jabe; AMctoria and Rosemary,  Alex Chaiipcl; Eva Jane, AV C Dumas, David  Crandall, J P Miller; Maltese Cross and Ivy, G  AA7 Henderson, T H Warring; Yellow Rose, Chas  Bean; Forest .King. J J Bean ; Silver Spray, D  McGraw; Etna, E H Hughes.  July 28  Belmont, Walter AAT AVest; Topsv, Arthur  Asselinl Galtec More, H AV F Pallak; Sapolis, F  F Dickinson ; Kaslo. John Mack; S & N and  Green Crown, L L Workman.  July 20  AVooloomooloo, W G- Singer; Deer Park. Geo H  McCru; Big Four, S *.AA" Gladwell: Copper Slojie,  Geo AA7 Herrcn ; Rock Drills and North Belle, A  P   Andersoni;- Arti-mesia. G   W Taylor.  J  W  Spencer: Silver Ridirc, John C Brown ; Clerado, , ., -    . , . ,  John AVriglit; Southern Belle, Thos Clarke; ! ceased was but tAVenty years OKI. and  Northern Belle. Alex Lucas; Commercial, Angus i much svninathv AVas expressed for the  McKinnon, Hugh McKinnon: A'alc.  r!"   ��������<''.*--' .      i       ..       .  son: Churlott and Oxford. W'S Thorn  Graiit Cox; Dzark, D Darden.  Weather permitting the Band '-will  remder the folloAving program, Saturday  evening. 14th inst., commencing at 8  o'clock, from the band stand:  1. Quickstep. "Normal"!  Pettee  2. Schottisch "Nellie''  .Thomas  :���!��� Quickstep ''Salamanca" Southwell  4   Polka "Happy Go Lucky".Prendeville  :>. Concert piece.-'Etheopean Dance"���Herudon  NELSON    AND   KOSStANI>.  i <;. Andante &AValtz.. "Triumph "  Thomas  I 7. Polka...,; "La Rose" Southwell  i 8. AA'altz "Bertie" Ripley  i 8.' Overture "Blanco" Southwell  "God Save The Queen."  J. H. Mill-ward, Leader.  MRS.    .JAAIKS    MCNEIL'S    FUXEKAL.  The funeral of Mrs. James McNeil,  proprietor of the Grand Hotel, Nakusp,  Avas verv   largelv  attended.    The de-  1HU3    ^uirKe ; i UA-imiHi   ��cia uul    u " t;  nercial, Angus i ,nut.h sympathy  Ava  npsoif; Paddy" ! bereaved husband.  July so  Golden Hill 'and Ranker, James Sanderson,  Tony Long, R G McFarlane: Expert, D J McLean, John Cook: Kenneth, Clarence J McCunig;  Thistle and Tuskroria, Osiu Barber, Peter Mc-  An immense assortment of furniture,  lower than Coast prices, at Crowley's,  New Denver. Freight paid on orders  to Sandon and all Slocan Lake points, t  The Nelson Tribune has been comparing the cost of running the corporation of  that city with that of Rossland. Both  towns received their charters together,  and the comparison thus covers the same  period. But the Tribune has not taken  into account the fact that Nelson was a  Avell laid out toAvn before Rossland had  any existence. The Provincial Government and the ,C. P. R. haA7e both spent  large sums of money in grading some_ of  .Nelson's streets and otherwise improving  roads entering andleaA'ingfrom the town,  to s<��.y nothing of the wharves and the  streets leading to them.  The city fathers of Nelson, when they  took their seats in the council for the  first time, found almost everything ready  to their hand. They did not haA-e to spend  thousands of dollars in blasting aAvay  huge bluffs of rock blocking their principal thoroughfares,neither did they have  to remove scores of shacks and dwelling  houses built higgledy piggledy here",  there, and everywhere, across streets and  alleys, and create system and order out  of chaos.  All this the Rossland council had to  do, and, besides removing bluffs and filling in gulches all over the townsite, had  to convey some thousands of cartloads of  soil and rock from one place to another,  so as to render it possible for vehicles  to use the steep mountain slopes Avhich  comprise a large portion of our townsite.  Taking into account the condition of the  two townsites at the time of incorporation, the Tribune's comparison is not  fair.  But the Tribune touches a sore spot  with Rosslanders Avhen it mentions the  amount spent in salaries of city officials.  The Tribune says : "The fixed salaries  of the corporation of Nelson amount to  $362.50 per month, as against $1210.00  in Rossland. In Rossland the mayor  draws a salary of $133.33 per month, and  the aldermen $33.33. In Nelson no  salaries are paid to tlie mayor or aldermen. * * * Aldermanic salaries are  necessarily small, and can therefore be  no reward to capable men, but may  sen-e as a bait to scrub men to seek the  office for the sake of the salary."  The expenditure of Nelson amounts  to S12,20f��.99, but as the amounts for tlie  purchase of tlie waterworks and the  construction of a city jail are included,  it  -will  he. necessarv to exclude them  On the 3d day of the present  month I A'isited the Fidelity mineral  claim, situated about midAvay between Sih7crton and Ncav DenA7er,  obseiwed the several openings on  the A7ein and made measurements  both of the length of the vein exposed and of the thickness of ore  where exposed.  By means of these measurements and of reasonable assumptions as to depth of ore (such assumptions being possible because  of the topography of the ground and  possible measurements resulting  therefrom, Avhich measurements I  made, also) T haA'e calculated that  there Avere on the day of my visit,  2-18 tons of ore exposed.  From sufficient sampling and  testing of the ore exposed on sui--  facc,-a-nd'assuming-that the rest is  of same quality, 1 have determined  that 248 tons of it contain a value  of 822,000 in silver and $11,000 in  lead, at present prices, or a total  value in the ore so reasonably assumed and calculated to be "in  :. sight", of S33.000.  1 am requested to publish the foregoing statements and to announce  that the said Fidelity Mineral  Claim is for sale.  Anyone thinking that he has  money enough to buy the/ Fidelity  and tAvo adjoining' claims should  call on Frank L. Byron, at the Victoria Hotel, Sihrerton, B. C.  Mr. Byron is locator of the  claims,owns a third interest in them,  and Avill personally conduct the  sale of them.  J. M. M. Bbxedom  Assayer.  CERfiFJCWTOF !M PROVEN! ENTS  Yuma,    Aurora,    Suburban    and    Night  Hawk Fraction Mineral Claims.  Situate in the Slocan  Mi.iing Division  of AA7est  Kootenay District.     Where located:    West  of the Ruth group, within one mile of the  town of Sandon.  ���"PAKE   NOTICE.   That I, E. M. Sandilands-  1    free miner's certificate No. S0121, intend, CO  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for Certiiicate of Improvements, for the  purpose  of obtaining  Crown  Grant  of   above  claims. .  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before issuance of such  Certiiicate of improvements.  Dated July 24,1897.  E. M. SANDILANDS.  \  /  Walkers' Bulletin.  Metal Quotations.  Silver, dull  56jo  Copper, easy ���$11.12  Lead, firm  $3.85  Wo do a general commission business, and  invite the attention of  intending investors to  the mining and town  properties listed with  us.  We have some snaps.  Dry and wet ore properties are obtainable  just now for very little  money.  Are you buying?  Are you paying cash  for good properties?  Do   you   like    Slocan  properties ?  If you do we want to  deal with you.  S.  T. WALKEK  New Denver,  & SONS,  B.C.  The  Newmarket  $M&  lias been enlarged  Hotel, in'New Denver,  and all the rooms plastered. NeAV carpets  and neAV furniture throughout make the house  a marvel of comfort and elegance. With  28 rooms, and its beautiful situation amidst the  finest scenery in America, this hotel is unsurpassed in all Kootenay.  II. STEGE, Prop.  ERICAN  Mining & Milling Co.  Rand & Wallbridg  9  Mining and Stock Brokers,  Sole Agents for' Sale of Treasury Stock.  nr.���  '��'""'"  amain  snaiinsiFiPS  bkt:  People  OF THE  LOCAN,  Do not fail to grasp  some of the bargains  now  on  exhibition at  Hunter & Co.'s big  W  Silverton Store  ��jaaaaa��ai  BJfjTra  sssss  cMILLAH & HAMILTON,  sale    Grocers.  Agents for B.C. Sugar Refinery and  Royal City Planing Mills.  NAKUSP, B. C.

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