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The Ledge Aug 4, 1898

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 >  Volume V.   No. 44.  NEW DENVER, B. C, AUGUST 4, 1898.  Price, $200 Year  MINESAB0UT&L06AN1  Reports from Lemon creek properties  DKATH   OF    BISMARCK.  Tlie     Old    StatuHiiutn     Passed     Quietly  Away   at , Krledriohwruhe.  are most encouraging.  A dining room 16  by  erected at the Ivanhoe.  The ledge on the Bosun has been  traced to the lake shore.  Dickenson and Felt have purchased  the Southern Chief of Lemon creek.  The saw mill on Ten Mile will start  this week cutting lumber for the Enterprise.  W. L. Lawry and partners are again  working the Lucky Boy in the Jackson  basin.  There is 26 inches of beautiful solid  ore in the bottom of the shaft on the  Bosun.  Hugh Sutherland is in the lower lake  country  present shipping extensively are working from 10 to 15 men. ,  70 feet is being The Ottawa, Springer creek, has been  ' leased for one year to the Ideal Mining  Co. The owners retain a certain per  cent, of the ore taken out. Work will  proceed at once, and at the termination  of the lease the property will be bought  outright.  inspecting   properties for his  company.  A 20-day option has been given on  the Chapleau to the Le Roi and Arlington people.  Five hundred tons of ore are to be  packed from the Last Chance before the  tram is finished.  A tunnel is being driven on the Tom  Bowling, one of the properties of the  Minnesota Silver Co.  The Canadian Group has commenced  shipping. A car is being loaded with  some good-looking ore.  There are 140 men working at the Payne.  Five feet of ore came into the lower  tunnel a few days ago.  Tho necessary work for a. Crown  grant will be done on the Scotch  Thistle, Lemon creek.  The saw mill at the Northern Belle is  cutting lumber for the concentrator now  being built at that property.  Murphysborough is the latest town-  site staked out on Ton Mile. It is  about 15 miles from the lake.  A four-foot ledge with an 18-inch paystreak is reported to have been found  on the Premier, Dayton creek.  Work, is being pushed on the concentrator at the Whitewater. Thirty men  were put to work on it last Monday.  1 The Scottish Colonial people are expending considerable work on repairing  their flume to the Alamo concentrator.  Jas. Sheran, who has the ore-hauling  contract from the Queen Bess mine, has  >a gang of men  at   work repairing the  /'Idaho road.  ,  Superintendent Rrathbourne, of the  Queen Bess, has handed in his resignation and quit the cr>mr>.any on the first  of the month.  Quite a number of yellow legs have  been'prowling among the Ten Mile properties of late, the Neepawa and U and I  groups receiving marked attention.  Geo. Clark has three men at work on  the Deloraine, driving in on the lead.  The showing is very satisfactory, and.it  is intended to run in 75 feet to open up  the ledge.  A compressor and hoisting plant is  being.installed at the Whitewater Deep.  It will be driven by water power. A  shaft 500 feet deep will be sunk to tap  the long tunnel.  Ore is being sacked in both tunnels of  the California and a shipment will be  made this month. Under the able management of A. J. Marks this property is  ���rapidly coming to the front.  About *20 men are employed about the  Enterprise. This force will bo increased and the property' probably worked  on a more extensive scale when J.iA.  Finch visits it this week or next.  Young and Murchison have this summer built five miles of good trail on the  south fork of Ten Mile, connecting the  Ocean group with the, Conundrum trail.  They are now engaged building a cabin  on the property, and when finished will  commence active development.  Major Furlong has purchased the  Black Grouse, North Fork and Avalon  claims. They are situated on the north  fork of Carpenter creek, and are dry ore  properties. Ryan, Sloan, Foster, Allen  and Cory were the sellers, and the terms  were cash. Work will be commenced  this month.  On the Enterprise group little is being  said but much work is being accomplished, and the amount of ore blocked out is  increasing rapidly. In the new tunnel,  between Nos. 3 and 4 workings, distance  is being quickly gained, and the ore  chute will be more advantageously  handled. A shaft has been commenced  from the surface, a little oyer midway on  the Enterprise claim, and the showing  of ore in the foot is indeed encouraging.  It shows larger cubes ;of galena than in  the workings below. In a short while  all the workings Avill be connected.by an  extensive system of shafts, affording better ventilation and expediting the  handling of the ore. from this most remarkable chute.  HIGH   ASS A VS.  The Government will send in their  engineer to examine the trail recently  built up the north fork of Te;i .Mile, and  if satisfactory the money for its construction will lie paid the interested claim  owners.  A ledge three and one-half feet in  width has been shown upon the Alaska,  fourth south fork of Lemon creek, and  a force of men will be put to work  cross-cutting it. It runs high in gold  and silver.  A good strike is reported from the  Gertrude claim, on F.O.B. creek, three  miles up from the point where the new  government trail crosses it. The ore  is galena-copper, and J. M. Anderson,  who made the strike, is jubilant over it  The tunnel on the big vein of the Ohio  is now in about 40 feet. In 35 feet more  the owners will crosscut the lead as they  will then have a depth of 50 feet. Kirk-  wood and Wells will probably erect a  cabin and work the  property all winter.  Most of the mines about Sandon are  working full-handed now and some are  adding to their forces. The Payne has  140, the Star works TOO, the Ruth  40, Queen Bess 40, Last Chance 20, Reco  15, Ivanhoe 15, Soverign 15, Noble Five  15, and several  others which are not at  From a stringer of clean ore struck on  the Gutineau and Simcoe, two of the  claims of the Slug Ten group,, on Ten  Mile, a return of 304 oz. in silver, with  lead and copper of value, has been received. Last week another sample,  which proved to be argentite, gave the  phenomenal assay of S7 per cent, pure  silver. This season's work on the Slug  Ten group has proven the ledge in place,  with good mineral in a number of openings, a feature of the ore being the  strongly marked presence of copper.  The ledge shows a width of almost 30  feet, which contains several well-defined  mineral-bearing stringers of quartz.  On the Orillia, the fourth and lowest  claim in the group, a second ledge gives  surface returns of 30 oz. in silver, theore  being a zinc blende. This group adjoins  and parallels the Enterprise on the east,  arid its locality and situation give it additional value apart from its own showings. The work done on the property  consists of three crosscut tunnels and a  number of open cuts. The principal  owners are Thos. Reid, C. E. Smither-  ingale and C F. Nelson, of this town.  THIS    MONUBIEN'T    GBODP.  Considerable talk is being indulged  in by old-time miners and prospectors,  who have visited the property, about  the late find on the Monument group,  on tlie fifth south fork of Lemon creek,  it is said the best initial showing that  has ever been found in the Slocan is to  be seen there; It surpasses the great  Freddy Lee outcropping, or the big  showing of the. Payne. The ledge is  exposed at several points on the hill  and shipping ore can be knocked down  at any of the exposures. It is a grey  copper ore, and heretofore has been  hidden by jan ii*on capping of a few  inches. The. great ore body was never  known to exist until the past few  weeks, when Jot; Ilammel, one of the  owners, knocked down the iron capping  with his hammer.  Friedrichsruhe, July 30,11:30.���Prince  Bismarck passed away peacefully shortly  before 11 o'clock this evening.  Prince Otto Eduard Leopold Bismarck-  Shonhau:;en was   born of an old noble  family of the  "Mark"  Brandeburg  at  Schonhausen,  April 1,  1815.     He was  created a count September 16, 1865,'and  Prince (furt)  von Bismarck in  March,  1871.   He was educated at the Universities  of   Gouttingen   and   Berlin,   spent  some time in the army and subsequently  settled down as a county gentleman.  He  became, in 1846, a member of the  provincial  diet, of Saxony and of the  Prussian diet, at which he first attracted  attention by his fiery speeches in defense  of the old monarchial party. . During  the. revolutionary period of 1848 the services that he rendered in the public debates to the conservative cause led to his  appointment as the   representative of  Pmssia in the diet of the old German  bund at Frankfort.   Austria was then  powerful in the German bund, but from  the time of Bismarck's appearance, however, the voice of Prussia began to have  increasing weight.  The successful audacity with which he  checkmated Austria in the intrigue at  Frankfort was the source of constant  irritation at Vienna, and naturally tended  to produce some estrangement between  the Austrian and Prussian courts.  Bismarck was sent as an ambassador  to St. Petersburg, and held that position  until 1S62. In May of 1862, he, became  a Prussian ambassador at Paris. Five  months later he was made first minister  of the Prussian crown. Within the next  10 years he humbled the Austrian empire, destroyed the French empire. He  remodelled the map of Europe by dismembering Denmark and France. He  enlarged the frontiers of'Prussia and by  the annexation of the various provinces,  including the dominions of the dethroned German princes succeeded in  placing Germany, which had previously  been the weakest.and least respected of  all the great powers, at the head of all  the states of Europe.  THE    BIO   LEDGE.  A Vein in Lardeau   District   That is the  Depository of Numerous Minerals.  FORM    CAltrt-JNTKK    CKKKK    ACI2V.KS.  According to figures at hand, which  are approximately correct, the shipment  of ore from the leading Carpenter creek  mines for the year ending July 31, reached 27,352}/2 tons. Of this amount the  Payne shipped 12,000 tons; Ruth 6,000  tons; Star, 4,000 tons; Idaho, 3,3S6 tons ;  Last Chance, 1,444 tons; Reco, 1,128  tons. The Queen Bess is credited with  204 tonss, but this does not represent  the total shipment from that property,  as much of their ore was sent via Nakusp.  I'lie    Plebiscite    Vote.  Ottawa, July 30.���It is understood  that full arrangements have been made  and that voting will take place on the  plebiscite in the last week of September,  towards the end of the week, probablv  on the 29th or 30th. This date will be  acceptable to the prohibitionists as it is  also to those who are opposed to the  prohibitive measures.  Grant   Never   Swore.  CAUGHT    IN    A    It LA ST.  The details of  .John (Miver met  the accident by which  his death in the Silver  King mine, Nelson, last week are given  in the   Miner as  follows:    "Oliver and  his mate, Harris, had set off a blast, and  being in a hurry to finish up their work  on the shift,  returned  too  soon to find  the result of the shot.    Finding the gas  from the discharge too  strong they'at-  tempted to retrace their steps, but both  fell   in   the   tunnel   overcome   by the  fumes.    When  he fell, Oliver's  candle  did not go   out,  but   fell  on  his body,  setting   fire   to   his   clothing.     When  shortly   afterwards   by the  next  shift  going'to work his body was frightfully  burned, and he only  lived a short time  after being taken  out.    Dr. Forin was  at once summoned from Nelson, but before reaching the mine the unfortunate  man had expired.   Harris is also badly  burned but will recover."  Lieut. Sutton, of-Winnipeg, who was  for. many years connected with the  Royal Canadian Dragoons, has been  transferred to Toronto.  General Horace Porter, in his "Campaigning with Grant," in the May  Century, says: "While sitting with him  at the camp fire late one night, after  eveiyone had gone to bed, I said to hint:  " 'General, it seems singular that you  have gone through all the rough and  tumble of army service and frontier life,  and have never been provoked into  swearing. 1 have never heard you utter  an oath or use an imprecation.'  "'Well,   somehow   oi'  other,   I   never  learned   to swear,'   he   replied.    'When  a   boy   I   seemed  to   have  an   aversion I  j to it, and when   J became  a  man I   saw,  ;' the folly of it.    I  have always   noticed, |  too, that swearing helps to rouse a man's j  anger; and   when   a  man   flies  into  a  passion   his  adversary   who keeps  cool  always gets  the better of him.    In fact,  I could never see the use of swearing.    I  think it is the case  with  many  people  who  swear excessively that it is a mere  habit, and that they  do  not mean to be  profane; but,   to  say the least,   it  is   a  great waste of time."  "Mis example in this i-espect was once  quoted in my hearing by a member of  the Christian commission to a teamster  in the Army of the Potomac, in the hope  of lessening the volume of rare oaths,  with which lie was italicizing his language, and upon which he seemed to be  placing his main reliance in moving his  mule-team out of a mud-hole. The only  reply evoked from him was:  " 'Then (bar's one  thing sartin';  The Slocan  is already secure in her  reputation for rich silver deposits and it  is still an open   question   if the Mollie  Hughes does not develop good values in  gold and copper.   If we add zinc to this  list of minerals the variety of Slocan ores  are, according to the best of my information,   complete.     Last   autumn   while  hunting in Lardeau mining distinct Mr.  Shuttleworth  came upon a large   irf*n  capped ledge located on'a high elevation  which is the divide between  the south  branch of Pinkston creek and the north  branch of the Fashall.   Although impressed with the appearance of the ledge  he did not stake it,  and may probably  have cause to repent the omission.   In  1896 Messrs. Wallcott and Skae staked a  claim near the north end of the ledge,  but did not follow the outcrop to the end  of its course.    Sometime in October last  Xavier Piem conducted Messrs. McKay  and Simon,  of Nakusp,   to   the   ledge.  They are miners of experience and at  once staked a group of claims, and are  now at work  developing the property.  The registration of these locations naturally attracted prospectors to the district  and rioY. thereon, according to the best  information to be obtained, some  12 or  14 miles of   the  ledge is staked.   The  cream of the property, however, is controlled   by   the gentlemen named and  their associates in whose names certain  claims in the group were staked.  A good  trail has been built from a point on the  Columbia,   opposite    the    lower    hot  springs, to the summitt of the divide, to  the property.   The claims they control  cover the ledge   to   the   point where it  begins to drop to the south to Fosthall  creek.    The claims  beyond that point  are hot" so promising in appearance and  would require an  outlet other than the  trail referred to.   This ledge which has  been traced some 14 miles varies in width  but nowhere seems   to   be less than 30  feet.    It has every appearance of a true  gossan.   Messrs. Walcott and Skae have  sunk two shafts some 20 feet in solid ore  which carries only flakes of quaitz.   The  ore is a mixture of pyrrhotite, marcosite,  galena   and   zinc  blend; the iron  ores  predominating.    They  are now working  on a tunnel   which  they intend  to run  into the face of the ledge to enable them  to crosscut and determine if possible the  width of the ore body which is at present  unknown. The galena gives a good assay  value  in   silver,   while   the pyrrhotite  carries low  values in gold and copper.  The other holdings are at present being  worked by Messrs. Simon, McKay, Harriott and Pierre, who  are  claim owners  and desirous of developing the property.  They have penetrated the iron cap in  different  places   with  most interesting  results.   In one instance they uncovered  pyrrhotite.    In  another  they have followed a galena   lead   until they  broke  into a large cavity  filled with loose marcosite.   At another point they have uncovered a variety of ores  that require  analytical treatment to determine their  mineral  properties.    The   ledge apparently is the repository of a great variety  of minerals.   The operators have been  contented with first assays so   the value  of the ore as the work has progressed has  not   been   ascertained.    If  the  values  should continue low grade the large body  of ore should, in  a  reasonable measure,  compensate for that deficiency.   But if,  on the other hand,  the values should  increase as development progresses, the  big ledge may attain an enviable prominence in the lfst of  mining camps of the  province.  The ledge is in  a schistose  formation  and in conformity with the strike of the  lock.   The strike is e.n.e.  to w.s.w. and  the dips of the  ledge conforms with   the j  dips of the general outcrop of the neighborhood.     To   the   west   and   running)  parallel with the ledge is a granite forma-j  tion which to the east is limestone.    Sol  far as the let lire was traced there is to be;  m&yffl&sm&rgfS ass's seassas^sS'sa  0F GENERAL 0RIGIN  CM  sesssssss as ss ssasssssss;  of the season  the market in  The first new wheat  made its appearance at  Hamilton on Tuesday.  A former Ottawa citizen, named Chas.  Leblanc, who joined the American  navy in May, was killed in the first engagement at Santiago.  The international whist tourney,  which is in progress this week in To  ronto, under the auspices of the Canadian Whist Association, is very largely  attended by experts from the United  States and "Canada.  Minister J. C. Tache, of the Public  Works Department, is going to take a  surveying party to the Magdalen  Islands, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.  The party expects to be absent until  September. ���  Mr. John Kerr, who has recently rehired to his home in Ottawa from the  Klondike, is missing. He left home on  the 15th promising to be back that day,  and has not been seen since. He carried  quite a sum of money with him.  The editor of the official debates of  the House of Commons, J. C. Boyce,  died this week at Ottawa. Mr. Boyce  had been connected with the Hansard  for nearly a quarter of a century, and  was a valuable officer.  Mr Ben. J. Sandys, a son of the late  Archdeacon Sandy, of Chatham, was  shot and instantly killed on the street  in St. Louis, Mo.^ on Saturday last, by  one Samuel H. Taylor, who claims he  did it in self-defense.  A smelter has been erected at Sault  Ste Marie,. Ont., and the company which  owns it have a new process for treating  ���nickel.ore. It reduces the former cost  of treatment more than one half, and  saves the copper and sulphur. The  smelter can treat 100 tons a day.  A suit for 840,000 has been entered by  Cesaire Letourneau, of Grand Mere,  Que., against the owners of the ill-fated  vessel La Bourgogne, which went down  on July 4th. Letourneu's daughter  was among the drowned.  A young lady named Miss Perault,  living near Pembroke, Ont., who has  been obliged to use crutches for three  years, has been completely cured at the  Shrine of St. Anne de Beaupre, and has  returned home, leaving her crutches  behind.  The railways are making great preparations for the shipping of the coming  wheat crop, which promises to be enormous. Farmers will be jubilant over  the news that the Canadian Pacific  Railway will this year allow them to  load grain cars direct from their  wagons.  Dr. John Beatty, of Coburg. died suddenly on the morning of Sunday, July  17thj while sitting in the breakfast rooih  of his residence. Dr. Beatty was in his  89th year, and had been a resident of  Coburg for 65 years. Five daughters  and one son survive him.  The first annual pilgrimage from Ontario to the shrine of Ste Anne de  Beaupre in Quebec, left Toronto last  Tuesday morning. About 700 people,  including'a large contingent from the  United States, went by the CP.R.  They were joined at Smith's Falls by  some 900 more from different parts of  the Province.  Mr. F. H. Drew, of Michipicotcn,  arrived in Toronto this week from the  Ontario gold fields. He i*cports a fine  copper discovery two miles north of  Lake Wawa.    The  ore  is  like  that of  her head in a bed of stones by the road.  She never regained consciousness.  The ex-teller of the Dominion Bank  at Napanee, W. H. Ponton, was last  Saturday night re-arrested for complicity in the robbery of the bank, last  August. Ponton took his arrest quite  calmly. He is an exceedingly popular  young man, and anyone who speaks a  disparaging word about him is instantly ostracised. His arrest is supposed  to be due to a confession made by Edward Pare, who, it is thought, turned  Queen's evidence for the furthering of  the detectives' theory that someone in  the bank must have helped the burglars. It is also thought that he is telling-  all so as to get hut a short term for his  own share in the robbery. It is expected that more arrests will soon be made.  Michael Hayes, of Montreal, aged 75  years, a'retired merchant of considerable wealth, died suddenly on July 21st.  He and his daughter were down at the  railway station waiting for the train to  take them to Hemmingford. While  Miss Hayes was getting- the tickets at  the office her father, who had been  under medical treatment, thought he  would' take a dose of his medicine.  There were two bottles, one for internal  use and 'on?; for external, use, and in  mistake he took a dose of the liniment.  Everything possible was done for him,  but he died in a few hours.  NEWS   FLOAT.  the Calumet and ITcalaon  side of Lake Superior, w  millions in dividends.  like,  the Michigan  lich   has paid  the  old man never druv mules!"  my right hand  your poor  rocking a  New Woman���1 froze  rocking a crrdle.  Reporter���Gracious!    Did  baby freeze, too?  New Woman���Sir!    I was  cradle in the Klondike.  seen in equal prominence and parallel-j  ing it a reef 01 crystalized limestone.)  The elevalion is about 7.000 feet above;  ; tlie level of Arrow Lake. There is ample j  water power, and if .Messrs. Simon and j  .McKay mature the plans they now have i  under consideration and put in aeon-!  centrator of limited capacity to treat the'  ore they now have on the .dump the i  value of the property should soon be.  ascertained. C. F. M.     i  i  Re Ibex  Miding Company.     In thej  winding' up proceedings Messrs.  King, j  Tretheway  and   O'Brien,     who    each ,  registered on the books of the company ,  as the  owners of oO.ijuo   shares of  tlie;  capital stock   of the' company without;  having paid anything for them (as far1  as can lie ascertained  from   the books):  were placed on the list of contributories. J  Wednesday morning  Mr.  Cassidy ap-;  plied to   Mr. Justice' Drake  at Victoria '  to have their names  removed from the  list of contributories,  but his  lordship  refused   the   application,   saying   that-  sufficient grounds  had not been shown  for removing their names from the list.  It is likely a new motion will be made.  Michipicotcn is muchly excited over  the placer gold discoveries on Wawa  creek.   One   man   who   has   returned  He   (sympathetically)���Vou   have   a  bad cold.  She (huskily)���I have,  that if you ' attempted  couldn't even scream.  I am so hoarse  to  kiss mc  I  from there says that the sand is yielding!  si to the pan. A fine, hotel has been J  erected and many Americans are holi-j  (laying there, mining and fishing, two I  very opposite kinds of spurt. I  An "Id schoohua'am named .Miss I'ros-j  ton, who foi' r>o years carried on a]  private school in Gait, and prepared)  hundreds of boys who are now proinin-i  ent business and pi'ofessional men. for j  the higher studies al the oldTassici'  Grammar school, died in the Hamilton'  asylum ou July 17th. The old lady he-i  came demented some five or six years j l  ago. ' ,  Mr. Wm. < Jgilvie leaves < Jttawa next I ,  week for tin* Vukoii district. He, will !,2  be accompanied by W. II. Lynch, of j:i  Danville, Que., who Las been engaged |s  by the Governinoii' to make a special ; <;  examination and report on the working) 7  of the. regulations for mining in the dis-i '  trict Mr. Lynch has had a great ex-1  perience as a mining- expert. j  Mrs. Bethunc. wife of the Rev. Dr.  Bethrine. principal of Trinity College  Port Hope", was killed on July IStli  She was being driven in a cab to maki  a call when the. horses ranaway as thev  were descending a hill. Mrs. Bc.thuiH"  becoming frightened jumped backward  According to regulations the school  will open on the 2nd Monday in August.  Schoolmaster Strickland 'will return  home from his eastern trip on Saturday,  accompanied by his bride.  It is pretty generally understood that  there will be a sharp advance in passenger railway rates to the east in a few  days.  The resignation of Arthur M. Wilson,  of Rosebery, as a justice of the peace  within and for the West Kootenay electoral division has been gazetted.  The Cranbrook Herald states that  arrangements have been made for the  building of a smelter and refinery there  and for the installation of a plant for  generating electricity to the extent of  2,000 horse power.  The jury in the Youngclausecase,Ross-  land, returned a verdict setting forth  damages of $600 against the city of Rossland and W. B. Davy, the contractor in  charge of the sewer where Youngclause  was killed.  A miner named H.'M. Dahl, a native  of Wisconsin, aged 38 years', died at the  Kootenay Lake General Hospital on  Saturday afternoon of typhoid fever.  The deceased had only been in the hospital a couple of days, and. had no relatives in Kootenay.  A movement is on foot in Toronto to  reorganize the Silver Bell mining company of Rossland. A meeting was recently held in that city at which a  syndicate of stockholders was formed to  take the matter in hand and secure the  property from jumpers.  The steamer Victoria, built this spring  at Trout Lake City, is completed and has  made several satisfactory trips to the foot  of the lake. She is a square-bowed scow  about 70 feet long, with engines and a  stem wheel, and much resembles the  Illicillewaet on the Arrow lakes.  Owing to increased facilities the C. P.  R. telegraph company on August 1st  reduced the telegraphic rates from Kootenay points to the coast offices, from 00  cents day rates to 60 cents, and from 60  cents night rates to 40 cents. Proportionate, reductions will also be made to  eastern points.  The body of the unfortunate miner  McGibbons was foun 1 in the Red Fox  slide Friday evening. His brother, who  has been in the vicinity for several  months watching for the body, intended  having it embalmed and shipped to their  California home, but. it was too far gone  when found and had to be interred at  Kaslo.  HAND    CON'CKKT.  Satmday   evening,   August  lith.   at  S  o'clock sharp, the   Band   will commence  t series ol  hand   stand,  saturdav will  M.-iivh   Wilt/.   (iv.-rliin-. ..  M.ircli   Nrlintlesrh.'  I'wl'i.-t   Waltz   Miin:Ii   Saturday  Tbe'  be as  I'rll of-  concerts  program  lollows :  from   the  next  ior  neat'.i.. .   I'.Tii.-    Z.-INki    Karly  Minis    ole. '.\!issi|i|i    St.-ll.-i    Daisy   .. Alllf'.lic.lll C:lll('l<. .  (iod Save tlit! Utuvii.  . .Sipiisa  ..RijilrV  . ..1*.-Il.r*e  ..Co,,,.  .. J i1,levy  .'..IVt'tV-e   Hall  .]. IL MiM.WAiin,  Leader.  out of the   cab.   fallim  The following is how a writer in the  Clarion analyzes tin-music of bagpipes:  ���'Rig1 flies on'windows. 72 percent.: cats  on midnight tiles. 2\l yer cent.; voices  of infant puppies, 0 per cent.: grunting  of hungry pigs iu the morning. 5h per  cent : steam whistles. 3 per cent.: chant  on  tlie back' of | of cricket. 2 per cent. THE LEDGE, NEW D.OWER, B.C., AUGUST 4, 1898.  Fifth Yeah  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months ���-' -'���"'  Six " 1.25  Twelve "  a.00  Three years  ���'���00  Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line first in  sertion, 10 cents i>er line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  pa*>er if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Gee your copy in while it  is hot. and we will do the rest.  A pencil cross in this square  indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look at  your collateral.  TEURSDAY,  AUGUST 4.  1898.  LOCA U    LEAD    WOUKS.  Much has heen said from time to  time by the newspapers of the inland  empire relating to the silver-lead industry of the province with a view to  awakening an interest in money  centres in the several institutions that  are needed to further develop our  vast mineral resources. The Rossland Miner makes these very sensible remarks: "The silver-lead miners  of the Kootenay are more interested  in the establishment of manufactories  of the products of lead in this vicinity  than they think they are. This may  seem paradoxical, hut nevertheless it  is true. If there were enough factories, turning out the products of  lead, established at some central  points in the district to use up the  lead produced by the mines there  would be no necessity for sending  our galena ores to the United States  tor reduction, for the reason that it  would be possible to carry on at a  substantial profit here smelters for the  silver-lead ores. This is not the case  at present.  "Why is this so and what relation  has one to the other ?  "The silver-lead ores of the Koote-  Days are sent to the United States for  two reasons: One is because there is  a market in that country for the pig  lead, where it is turned into various  valuable commercial products. The  other is because the lead in the ore is  subject to an import duty of one and  one-half cents per pound, while on  pig lead smelted in this country and  sent into the United Stdtes, which is  about the only available market, the  import duty is two and a half cents  per pound. This tax is virtually prohibitory, when it is considered that  pig lead is only worth three and a  half to four cents per pound.  "In the year 1897 there was  brought into Canada from foreign  countries lead to the quantity ot 10, -  858 tons. This was in the form of  shot, lead pipe, paints, tea lead,  acetate, litharge, old scrap and pig  lead. The imports of lead into Canada will be larger and grow with  each succeeding year, as they will  keep pace with the increase in the  population.  "It is, therefore, obvious that the  miners of the silver-lead producing  belt  are   deeply   interested   in the  matter of locating manufactories for  the products of lead in  this vicinity  and herein lies the true solution of a  problem that has long  vexed them.  With lead refineries and factories located in this country in juxtaposition  to the lead smelters the miners would  save a great deal.    In the first place  they would not then be compelled to  pay the United States duties on lead  or on lead bullion,   because it would  be kept at home and manufactured  into products of a much higher value,  and would not only be used  in Canada but could be exported to various  foreign countries.    Besides this there  would   he a great   saving   in   the  matter of freight.     The short haul to  the lead smelters located at home  would be much cheaper than the long  haul to the reduction works situated  i  in the United States. It is, therefore, I  obvious that it is to the very best!  interest of the silver-lead producersi  of the Kootenays that manufactories'  ot the products of lead be established  in this country at the earliest possible  moment."  this random charge. Mud-throwing  may be part of the duties of these  minor officials, but at least British  Columbia is an awkward spot from  which to address the missile. For  one thing we have had occasion before to protest against the manner in  which the British Columbian officials  combine company matters and promotion with their political duties, and  we have had to warn the investor  that 'political eminence' in British  Columbia must not even be regarded  in the same light as at home for in  ducing subscriptions. There is a  type of promoter and company official  which does not understand adver.se  criticism. Whether it is that they  judge the press and their opponents  by their own moral standard it is impossible to say But the fact remains  that, il the voice of the critic is heard  in reference to their promotions, they  unhesitatingly resent the criticism as  dishonest. Mr. Turner goes further,  and practically accuses the Times of  blackmail. 'The London press was  not straightforward in the matter.  For instance, the London Times, had  criticised him adversely, but since  the insertion of a whole page advertisement of the Klondike Company  nothing more had been heard ' There  is something delightfully absurd in  the Times being 'squared' for the  price of a full-page advertisement.  But let that pass. The awkward  part of the business is that the Times  actually did criticise the concern alluded to (the Dawson City (Klondike)  and Dominion Trading Company) a  few days after the advertisement appeared. Moreover, our contemporary especially dwelt upon the too  frequent acceptance by officials occupying high governmental positions in  the colonies of directorships on the  beards of local commercial undertakings. Very properly, and that possibly is the sore point with Mr. Turner. But it does not excuse the disgraceful charges that he flings at  random against London journals, and  LKT    SLKEPIXO    DOGS   LIE.  (Old  Proverb.)  Old England's sons are English yet,,  Old England's heart is strong;  And still she wears the coronet,  A flame with sword and song.  As in their pride, our fathers died,  If needs be. so die we;  And rfield we still, gainsay who will.  The sceptre of the sea.  England, stand fast!  let  heart and  hand be  steady ;  Be thy first word thy iast���Ready, aye ready !  Some say we've made of Trade our King;  Some say our blood is cold;  That from our lips no longer ring  The trumpet notes of old.  When jibe and jeer they gather near  The sleeping lion's den ;  O Teuton fair. O Russ, beware  Of-these :-shop-keeping'- men.  England, stand fast!  let   heart  and hand  be  steady;  Be thy iirsc word thy last���Ready, aye ready 1  We've Raleighs still for Raleigh's part,  And Nelsou's yet unknown ;  The pulses of the Lion-heart  Beat on through Wellington.  Hold, Briton, hold thy creed of old-  Strong foe, and steadfast friend; '  And still unto thy motto true���  Defy not, but defend.  England, stand  fast!    let heart and  hand  he  steady;  Be thy first word thy last���Ready, aye ready !  Faint not, nor fall, ye sons of those;  The bravest born of men; ' "  Our nearest friends may be our foes,  When turns the wheel again.  The while we pray, in heaven's good day,  The reign of saints may come.  Until its dawn, with weapons drawn,  Wc wait the tuck of drum !  England,  stand   fast!   let  heart  and  hand   be  steady; '  Be thy first word thy lust���Ready, aye ready !  SOUTH    HALF    PKOSl'KCTS.  The returning* prospectors from the  "south half" put on a hold front and  talk glowingly of the enormous gold  bearing ledges that abound in that  region. The successful prospector has  a sanguine temperament, and the grand  annv that has invaded the "south half"  is foiling over with that admirable  characteristic. In listening to the  stories of hidden and exposed wealth  one can almost see streams of the yellow metal trickling down the mountain  sides. In no particular section is this  plethora of gold confined but it seems  to be spread all over the "--*������- ���--���' "  ��� nuiMi  oiitreal  I  Established  1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     896,850.04  HEAD   OFFICE,   MONTREAt.'  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona a.id Mount Rofal, G.C. M.Gr. President.  Hon. G. A. Drtjmmond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches ia all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  F. J. FINUCANE, Manager;  ���1  'south half.'  These "stories have a familiar ring to  them; thev were told and repeated  just after the "north half" was thrown  open.  Seriously, there are some promising  ledge formations down there, and no  doubt pav chutes will he found. The  Nespelum district is very favorably regarded. William Tague, Pat Callahan  and James Hamilton have a number of  claims on the divide between the Nespelum and Gold creek. In speaking of  their locations Tague says: "We have  _ six claims on the. croppings.   1   never  it  ics -nnq-sThlv   an   indiearir.n   nf rhe ' bef���'e saw such a quartz showing.   1< cult is possioiy   an  indication   ot tne  twQ thousand ��eet square there is noth-  value of his statements in other, respects."        ,  FUN    AND    MISCELLAXKV.  "Buck, I wants yer darter," said Five-  Ace Plunkley, as he took the drop on the  old gentleman.  "She's yourn't, an' I must say yer th'  fust gent what's put up any kind of a  arg'e-ment.  Sportsman���Any iiy fishing hereabouts ?  Farmer���I'll be derned! I've heard  of fishin' fer sponges an' fishin' fer  pearls, but fishin' fer flies is a, new 'tin  on Silas.  First Bank Clerk���So .you think the  president's accounts are crooked? What  makes you think so ?  Second Bank Clerk���I. heard him say  that he hadn't taken a vacation in 2*0  years.  Caller (to a child whose mother has  left the room for a moment)���Come here  to me, my dear. ��  Enfant Terrible���No, I musn'tdo that.  Mamma told me I must stay sitting here  in the chair, because there's a hole in the  cushion.  squi  ing but quartz. From the base of the  hill to its summit, a distance of three  hundred feet, it is all quartz. The  assavs have been fair. I got S8.S0. The  ledges lie in a contact of black slate and  blue and vellow porphyry.  "A mile and a half from there a  different character of ore is found,  which runs to silver and lead. Assays  as high as 865 and S121 have been obtained."  Tague says a good place for a general  store is on "Nespelum basin six miles  awav. Tague will soon return to the  Nespelum, build a cabin and prepare for  development work.���Republic Pioneer.  Aberdeen's    Successor.  Niece���And what is your business out  west, Uncle Jack? What do you deal in;  Uncle Jack (who has "loped" east on  a visit)���Why, I deal in Arizona Peter's  faro parlors, gal.  Hoax���Did you hear that McGinty  had come up from the bottom of the sea  at last?  Joax���So ?   Spring the rest of it.  Hoax���He doesn't want to associate  with the Spanish.  Horsefed Hank���Air ye ther party that  advertised in ther Dawson City Gazoot  fer a store clerk?  Proprietor���Ya'as. I'll give a good  clerk fifteen hundred dollars a week���  that is, without board?  Horsefed Hank���Ain't them perty  small wages without board?  Proprietor���Wa-al, yes. Howsumever,  I'll give !yer two dollars and a half a  week and board yer.   How's that?  Horsefed Hank���Now yer talkin'. I'll  take ther job.  Here is what Peter Cooper, who died  worth millions, said of a newspaper:  "In all the towns where a newspaper is  published every man should advertise in  it, if nothing more than a card, stating  his name and the business he is in. It  does not only pay to advertise, but it lets  people a*: a distance know that the town  in which you reside is a prosperous community of business men. As the seeds  are sown, so the seed recompenses.  Never pull down your sign while you expect to do business."  We notice that a feeling of patriotic  pride that the fair sex has taken to red,  white and blue garter. The other day  when a San Francisco girl displayed her  patriotism while climbing upon tbe top  seat of the Glenbrook stage, the crowd  on tbe walk were so impressed that  | nothing but regular Nevada politeness  restrained them from bursting into a    cheer tor the red, white and blue.���Car-  It is evident that the London press! son APPeal-  little for Premier Tamer's      L<ml }<tUin> ,whei?  "�����y of India<  was seated one day at a dinner next to a  lady whose name  was   Birch,  and who,  though very good looking, was not over-  intelligent.    She said  to his excellency,  Are  you  acquainted  with  any of the  "Oh,   yes,"    replied   Lord  WO US'K    ASI)    MOKK    O l<*    TT.  cares very little tor i-remier Turner's  opinion���whether of the press or anything else. The Pall Mall Gazette of  July loth gives some idea of the esteem in which the premier is held by j Birches?"  The Earl of Minto is to be the successor of Lord Aberdeen as governor-  general of Canada. The appointment  has been approved by the Queen.  Gilbert John Murray Kynynmond  Elliot, fourth Earl of Minto, was born  in. 1845. He was educated at Trinity  College, Cambridge, and soon after completing his course was appointed ensign  of the Scots' Guards in 1837 , The Earl  of Minto, in 1877, served with the  Turkish armv, and took part in the  Afghan war in 1879, and in 1881,  became private secretary to General  Lord Roberts at the cape. He went as  a volunteer in the Egyptian campaign  of 1882 and from 18S2 to 1885 was vnilit-  arv secretary to "the Marquis of Lans-  do'wne, then the governor-general of  Canada. He was chief of the staff in the  North-West rebellion of 1885 He is one  Of the largest property owners in the  British Isles.  Wliat   Becomes   of   Zinc.  There seems to be more public curiosity respecting zinc than any other  metal. This is due probably to the fact  that other metals come more into the  daily life and are therefore better tin- j  derstood. According to the most care-!  ful estimates this country produces  about 300,000 tons of zinc ore each year,  which reduced to pure zinc amount to  80,000 tons with a cash value, of 810,000,-  000. Probably three times this amount  of zinc is imported annually, although  a great deal of imported zinc is exported again after having been manufactured into various articles.  As an articles of commerce zinc is  known as spelter. Several of the com-  poxinds of zinc make active medicines,  although in its pure metallic state it  produces no effect on human economy.  It is used extensively for eugi'aving  plates, for galvanic batteries, for roofing,and for coating telegraph and other  wires. As zinc has a low melting point j  and molds desirably with sharp im- |  pressions, it is used a great deal for ,  casting works of various kinds, such as j  statues, statuettes and ornamental de- i  signs. One of the most important uses |  to~" which zinc is put is the coating of ;  other metals to protect them from the  elements. 'The film of oxide which!  coats the zinc when exposed to moisture ,  prevents the rust from penetrating the i  metal, and further oxidation becomes j  impossible.���Western Mining World.  IT'S   WELL,.  It's weli to be a millionaire  And dwell in a marbl'- hall!  But I'd rather be the chap that knocks  "The cover off the ball!"  It's well to visit foreign lands,  And round the globe to roam,  Hut I'd rather be the niblc weight  Who "stole from third to homo !"  It's wt'll.to be a ooixpieror  And put vour foes to rout,  lint I'd rather be the pitcher swift  Who -'struck the batter out!"  It's well to be benevolent  And save the .sinning one,  But I'd rather be the player who  "Brought the winning run !"  It's well to be a cherub,  And sit up in the sk-��,  But I'd rather play outfield', you bet,  And '���nip an airy fly !''  It's well to be in love, lwrhaps,  There's nothing that's diviner.  But I'd rather Le the short-stop brave  Who "blocked a red-hot liner!"  It's well to be a clever man  And have your dodges reckoned,  But I'd rather be the "crafty boy  Who ''cut him off at second !"  It's well to be a patient man,  And bear all shocks unstirred.  But I'd rather be the pluekv lad  Who "held him down to third!"  It's well to be a volunteer,  And help the Dons to worst.  But I'd rather tie the rangy chap  Who'-put him out at first!"  It's well to he distinguished.  In any way I nanie.  But I'd rather be a sausage  Than an umpire of the game !  AVAIS'TKO.  Wanted to purchase���Right to manufacture first-class proprietary medicine.  Must have merit.  S.'M. L., Box 411, Petrolea, Ont  We do what we advertise to do.  When you  want anything  And want it done well, you see a  specialist in that particular line of  work. You consult an architect  about the plans of a building; in  matters of law you talk it over with  your attorney; you go straight to  I your physician when it comes to a  question of heaith. Each one is a  specialist in his own line. Just so.  That's where we stand. We are  specialists in handling first-class  furniture; specialists as upholsterers,  and in undertaking and embalming.  We know, therefore, that we can give  you the best service and are determined to convince you of this fact.  This we can do if you will let us sell  you something. just received: A  handsome lot ot picture framing.  Bring in your pictures, large or small  WALKER & BAKER,  Xew   ruraituve DkhIkvs and Kepairers  Denver's    Undertakers and Gmbalmera.  N. B.���We have the only practical Undertaker  and Embalmer doing business in the Slocan.  TJ    G. FAUQUIER,  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp, B.C.  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  ASSAYED OF B. G.  j^OWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M. London, Eug  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties   examined    and   reported on  for  in  tending purchasers.  Assay ollice and  Chemical  Laboratory,  Belle-  vuc ave. Xew Denver. BC. ,         jTIOTbenedumj  Silverton.  w  S. DltEWHY  KjisIo, B.C.  11. T. Twines  Xew Denver. B.C.  the press of the world's metropolis:  "We have accused the Times of  many and strange idiosyncracies on  different occasions, but we never  thought of 'blackmail' as a charge to  level against Printing House Square.  It has been left to Mr. Turner, the  Premier of British Columbia, to level  Lytton; "1 knew several of them most  intimately while at Eton���indeed, more  intimately than I care to." "My lord,"  replied the lady, "you forget the Birches  are relatives of mine." "And they cut  me," said the viceroy, "but," and he  smiled his wonted smile, "I have never  felt more inclined to kiss the rod than 1  do now." Sad to say, Mrs. Birch did  not see the point, and told her husband  that his excellency had insulted her.  MADLY    1T1XKD.  We frequently  see  iu  our exchange  coming from the farming sections funny i  things   like the  following:    "A  Rruce  man posed up a remarkable sign:   'For j  Sale��� A Jersey  to  some man who will j  have a calf this fall at a bargain.'   This I -    _NTC/  is on a par with the following order to ' M*jt-���   *-?  a Calgarv business house the other day:  'Send me a sack of flour, live pounds of  coffee and  a pound of tea.   My   wife  gave birth to a big baby boy last night,  also five pounds of corn starch, a screw  driver and a fly trap.   It weighed ten  pounds, and a new straw hat.'  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion ami Provincial Land Surveyor*.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil Code.  ���ti'f'Rashdall & Fauquier, Agents.  ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP TICKETS.  To and from European  points via Canadian  and American lines.     Apply   for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and   full   information   Hi any C. P.  j Ry agent or���  G. Ii. CARRETT.  C. P. R. Agent. New Denver.  WM. ST ITT, 3cn. S. S. Agt., Winnipeg.  r,>-1 . ���   Never before has the death of any  man caused such profound sensation throughout  the world as that of Mr. Gladstone It is therefore a real luxury to canvass for the memorial  edition of the "Life and Work of Mr. Gladstone,"  because the public is ripe for it, and the work  will sell on sight. Big book; low prices; liberal  terms: freight paid. Send 75 cents for Prospectus, which we return with first order.  BRADLEY-G \RRETSON COMPANY.Limited  Toronto.  C. S. RASHDALL.  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES &. REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MIXING INTERESTS BOUGHT,   SOLD  and BONDED.   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  H.T. BRAGDON,  New Denver, B.C.  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Huilders' and Contractors'  Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of the largest  and host assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Kootenay,  and shall he pleased to quote  prices upon anything required  n my line.  OTEL SANDON,  7ft   ?K    vft    ^A    7"r\    7ft  Sandon, B.C.  T^HIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to accommodate a large  number of G-uests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  The Clifton House,  Sandon.  Hasample accommodations for a largo number of people.     The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything  in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckle}', Prop  FOR,  Choice Groceries & Provisions  HAM & CRAWFORD,     *  SIXTH STREET,       -       -        ...       .       NEW DENVER.  ^���Prices are right and Gorxls Always Fresh.  Travelers  Will find the  Arlington Hotel  a pleasant place to stop at when in  Slocan City.  GETHING & HENDKKSON, Proprietors.  C.O.Di  Goods called  for & Delivered  uppue  .if   all  write.  kinds,   call   on  or  .F Jeetzel & Co,  DRUGGISTS. Nelson. B.C.  L)K  A. S. MARS  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago   G  WILLIM & JOHNSON.  (MeGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  Slocan City.  B (*.  AUNDRY  We are now in a  position to give  thoroughly sat-  isfactory service  and solicit your  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery.  Work Done on Short Notice.  C. M. NESBITT, Prop.  y-tt'Rates furnished Hotels,   Steamboat Companies, etc, on application.  El Dorada Ave.  ^ L. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  Solicitor, Notary Public, Etc  Sandon, B. C. /l.i  /.  Fifth Year.  THE LEDOE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUGUST 4 1898.  HER   MAN.  :Ee fetches me swipes acrorst the face:  When 'ee's boozed 'ee always always licks me,  "Be chases me orl around the place.  Then 'ee holds me down an kicks me.  'Ee stays out 'arf the night with his pals,  And 'ee ".omes 'ome still a-thirstin';  I've seen 'im with them there troliopin' gals  And me heart's been well near burstin'���  But. "Bill," I sez, "I luvs yer, Bill,  I'll do orl what I can;"  And I try for 'im.  And I'd die for 'im,  For'ee's my man.  'Ee sneers 'cos we 'aven't no brats and tlie rest.  And I tries to smile, 'arf pluck.  I've ached for a hinfant at my breast,  Gawd knows!   But per'aps its lucky,  For I wouldn't like the kid to 'ear���  I wouldn't, it may be fuiinv���  The things 'is mother 'as 'ad to bear  Jest to get Bill drinkin' money.  But, "Bill," I sez. "I luvs yer, Bill,  I'll stair it if I can ;  You may jeer at me.  You mav sneer at me���  But you're my man."  The 'appiest time as I ever 'ad  Wos when he come out of Borstal  (It saved 'im from goin' quite to the bad,  Though for Jive long years I lorst all).  And when I met 'im outside the gate  'Ee blubbered just like a kiddy���  ��� " !Ullo, Sal. old gal.:" sez 'ee-that straight!  'Why ain 't ye dressed like a widdy ?"  Then "Bill," I sez,-'I luvs yer, Bill,  I've worked as 'ard as I can ;  I've been strong for you.  Aiid I long for you.  For you're my man.  ���The Sketch.  KVEUV    DAY ��� LIFE    IN    SPAIN.  Dodge Mackhight in Boston Transcript.  Talking about mendacity, our readers  may have noticed by the Madrid war  reports that in Spain Truth lies so deep  down in the well  people in Hawaii or  thereabouts probably dig up fragments  of her arms and legs   when thej*   hoe  their crops.    Every  mother's son of a  Spaniard, from the topmost to the un-  'dennost,. 1   believe to be a liar���not a  ���   dang'erous. vindictive liar, but simply  a liar.    They seem to view the goddess  of truth   through   a convex, concave,  compound,  conglomerated mirror that  shows her entirely out of shape.    How  many times I used to be deceived at the  beginning,   and 1 ani not particularly  childlike m my creduality either!  Once  a bourgeois of middle age told us in the  cafe how,   when in the army,   he was  condemned to death, put in Capilla and  retrieved at the very last second of the  last moment.  It was a most interesting yarn, splendidly related and full of cir'cumstanital  detail that took a full half hour in the  telling*. In fact, it was such a good  story that, although a strang-er to him  and"on the r'ag'ged edge of impecunios-  ity, 1 felt called upon to set 'em up for  tlie drinks. And���curious detail, thoroughly Spanish���though I never met  him again, he still remembers the  drink, and I had a word from him not  long-ago <where he said that he was  sorrv not to have been able to shake  my hand and say good-by, but hoped  that I would arrive safely in my native  land. But the story'/ H'm, after  broaching the subject to several of  those that knew him Avell I became  sadly convinced that it was a magnifp  cent lie; he had never been in the  army one single day in his life.  Shopping iu tlie stores is conducted  on tlie same basis. Tradesman and  purchaser know to the fraction of a  cent the value of the goods, and yet the  one invariably crowds on the price and  tho other pulls it off until they ultimately wind up at just what a tag' ought to  state in plain figures.  During my sojourn on the confines of  ���Andalusia, i met all sorts and conditions of poor people working for their  scanty daily dread. I found them,  almost without exception, good fellows.  And this class is doing the fighting,  more's the pity. All proclaimed under  their breath and many boldly announced that the Cubans were peleando pot*  lo suyo��� struggling for their rig-hts,  and if there were any use in it they  would join ranks and start a revolution  at home. And verily what is the use?  Money and power rule the roost from  top to bottom, and the people mutter  and indiscriminately curse conservatives, liberals, Carlistsand republicans,  for too well they know that they are  paying for the cakewalk, aud never will  v have an opportunity of even smelling  the frosting." They have been so cheated and robbed that they look upon it  as a *-">atter of course, ami���what is discouraging���have come to regard things  with the same moral obliquity, and  there is much sly cheating and robbing"  among themselves. They euchre each  other out of cents and dimes and dollars  just as the big men appropriate in  blocks of five.  About all business is conducted on a  trust basis; in fact, has to be, for nobody seems to have any spot cash. The  maneuvering to keep bead above water  is most ingenious, even if not strictly  all it should be from a point of pecuniary probity.. 1 suppose that nearly 25  per cent, of debts go to the bad, and all  mentally figure on that as a basis, for  to come out even wholesale dealers  adulterate their commodities, sometimes on the most barefaced scale, and  retailers fail just as often as they possibly can. What else is there to do? For  the poorer classes manage to run up  bills in every chink and corner, ana  calmly live in their houses till ejected,  to begin operations elsewhere There  is always a grocery man or a landlord  ready to try'it again, with some faint  expectations of ultimately making a  dollar. Hope springs eternal in the  Spanish breast.  As for counterfeit money, the woods  and dales and valleys are full of it.  After the chef de gare in an important  raihvay station ��� gave me the worst  counterfeit peseta 1 ever laid eyes upon,  1 never accepted a silver piece until I  had hefted it and rung it ami bit it with  my teeth. There endeth the first lesson.  Tiie second consisteth in minutely regarding the rim and the date. 'Then  certain wording perhaps shows that the  pieces are from the colonies���the Philippines. In that case they are worthless also.  Lastly, and worst of all, come the  duros Sevillanos���Se vil Han dollars-  made of pure stiver and absolutely indistinguishable except for one or two  microscopic, signs In fact, they pass  generally among the poor people, and  a good many storekeepers accept them.  1 saw 25 silver dollars passed over the  counter of a bank in Alicante, and after  a quarter of an hour of examination by  expert tteon expert 10 were rejected as  false. Bad bank notes are less common, but by no means rare.  Men in smaller government positions  are poorly paid, and receive their  money only as a last resort. So they  appropriate whatever comes their way.  T once passed a bag-through the custom  house without having- it opened bjr an  outlay of two cents. The city police  are often three months behind" in their  pay. The most unfortunate in the  whole category are the school teachers  ���one might almost put it down as an  axiom that they never get any money.  When some town pays up its arrears  and the public school takes another  lease of life, the news flies quickly to  Madrid, and the papers ring with words  of praise for the noble city of Tirfcea-  fuera or Toboso.  Even the miserable Godforsaken  peasants have a saying" to express dire  need���mas pobre que un maestro de  escuela���poorer than a school teacher  A couple of years ago the rich promen-  aders in a swell Madrid paseo were  scandalized to observe a horribly clad  beggar walking1 boldly among them  and dragging along a "galaxy of children. On his breast was a placard announcing* that he was a schoolmaster  and had not received a cent for three  years, and he found himself obliged to  resort to mendacity. This created a  stir foi a day or two.  The newspapers   spoke, of   it  as a  an insult,  what not; but the  prevented by  scandal  poor devil was lodged in jail for his  pains, and if we were to hunt for and  bring- to light'this very man, I'd wager  that he had not been paid for going on  now five years.  I never was inside a public school,  but I've peeked in tbe doors of many  so-called private schools, and queer  places they were, too. I used to go by  one in particular nearly every day,kept  by a man who had the reputation of  being very oatient with children, and,  bytheway", he, had been imprisoned  twice for" theft. About" 50 dirty boys  and girls were crowded into one little  room, ranging in years from those who  take hold of your hand as they toddle  along to the kind that boldly slouch  about throwing stones at cats.  These urchins paid one peseta (20  cents) each per month, and wore out  the live-long* day in shouting the Dios  te salve Maria, Padre miestro and other  prayers, while the master beat time,  wiped noses and stopped fights after  the third round. This was all the instruction there was, and I strongly  suspect that public schools are not much  better. At all events, I've seen children that couldn't read even passably  well after spending their time there  three years.  Municipal governments squeeze the  utmost farthing from the people with  the consumos���taxes on country produce  brought to town from without the gates  ���wines, aguardiente, meat, poultry,  olive oil, Avood and the like. The ingenuity called into play in trying to  evade these taxes is extraordinary and  at times most amusing. Skins of wine  are pulled across rivers by cords at  dead of night,, or brought in hidden  under loads of straw, or passed as water  in jars coming from the fountain.  Agtiordiente (alcohol) sometimes walks  by in artificial calves of tin fitted to  the legs���a hint to ballet dancers out of  a job.  Peasant women bring in chickens  strapped by the feet, head downward,  to a belt underneath their skirts Nor  is all the trickery confined to the poorer  classes. A rich man's equipage with a  lifesize tin footman on the seat passed  many gallons of aguardiente through  the gates of Madrid before the trick  was discovered- And I know of a man  iu the city of Murcia who got by the  barriers at night with sacks of wine  and oil by ringing a little bell and pretending to be a priest in a tarfcana come  back from giving' the last sacraments  to a dying man in the suburbs.  Spaniards are cruel enough when  they fancy themselves insulted���there's  not'the slightest doubt about that. I  have seen' innumerable cases where  they lost their head completely���temporarily became howling wild men.  Coldblooded murders take olace frequently, and for instance in Murcia last  summer, when a young fellow stabbed  a driver of a tartaua and an inoffensive  oltl man standing by in a dispute over  five cents. Then," again, wine and  aguardiente affect them quickly, and,  although they are not hard drinkers, an  inanimate form is often carried out of  the bodegas���dismal ending to a too-  animated discussion.   G  In Spain animals don't count, and I  think they mentally crowd the natives  of Cuba and the Philippines into that  category too. I have heard soldiers  returned from the latter place calmly  tell how they surrounded villages and  set fire to them, roasting up every living soul���women, children and aged  persons, and the listeners took it as a  matter of course. I suppose I would be  classed as ''civilized," but if I were  Aguinaldo, I guess I would take a little  revenge in mine.  Nowhere on the globe can-a man with  a streak of the Bohemian in him enjoy  himself as in that country. It is live  and let live You can proudly promenade about with two full moons in the  seat of your unmentionables; for 10  cents to pay for a jar of wine, start up a  jaleo of dancing, singing and guitar  strumming, and in the space of a single  night make friends cheerfully ready to  back you with their navajas against the  devil'himself.  "winter colds" could be  proper sare of the skin.  A common fault of the well-to-do is  not the wearing of too little clothing,  but the wearing of too much. The tone  of the skin is impaired by being inured  to heavy woolen garments while the  air of the house is kept up to summer  temperature. Some authorities even  go so far as to assert that undergarments should be of the same thickness  the year around. At any rate, too frequent chang-es of undergarments are  not to be recommended. The skin  itself is to be depended upon to a great  extent in regulating the body's temperature.  The tone of the skin is best promoted  by a daily rub with a coarse towel. In  damp weather the skin should receive  the heavier protection. Dampness,  more than any other climatic condition,  seems to hinder the activity of the skin.  Persons with a tendency to rheumatism,  whose blood is always more or less  charged with waste products, at once  feel tlie effect of the prohibitive effect of  dampness on the excretory function of  the skin. Brisk rubbing often relieves  rheumatic pains. It is not necessary  that the rubbing should be confined to  area over the affected part.  Eighteen grains of water in the form  of vapor are lost in a minute from the  body in a state of rest, by the skin and  through respiration. Of this quantity  eleven grains pass off by way of the  skin and seven by the lungs. In this  way there is a daily loss of a pound and  a half or two pounds of bodily weight  through the pores of the skin.���Youth's  Companion.  AFFKCTKO'    BY    ILL    HJSAI,TH.-  Prof. Von Schroen, of the Naples University, declares that diamonds are alive.  Be this as it may, there would appear to  be many reasons for believing that some  precious    stones   are   affected   by   the  health of the wearer. A contribution to J  an English weekly journal says : "Pearls I  and opals are both said to grow dull  through the ill health of her by whom  they are worn, and the torquoise* is said  to become pale from the same cause;  while I have heard, and on excellent  authority, though it is a fact I can hardly credit, of a ruby ring which on the  hand of an invalid went paler and paler  until on the patient's death the stones  lost their color entirely.  "Pearls are exraordinarily sensitive to  the condition of the skin on which they{  rest. An example of this fact is shown  by an episode of which an acquaintance  of my own was the heroine. She greatly  desired to possess a pearl necklace, and  her husband bought a very beautiful  one.   A month or two afterward, how  ever, the pearls began to lose their lustre,  and, much annoyed, he took the necklace back to the jeweller who sold it to  him.  "The salesman admitted the deterioration. 'You are quite right,' he said;  'but the truth is that your wife cannot  wear pearls next her skin. Let her  maid wear the necklace for a few weeks,  and the pearls will regain their brilliancy.' The turquoise again will change  color. I know of one which, after having  been worn for years, turned a vivid green  when its wearer was passing through the  Eed Sea; positively it was affected by  the temperature of her skin. It is probable that the turquoise has a form of life,  as pearls undoubtedly do. A pearl dies  as a flower, though its life is a great deal  longer, and all its color and brillancy disappear. Its average life is impossible, to  estimate, as some pearls are known to be  hundreds of years old; but it is probable  that the life of others is far shorter."���  The Medical Kecord.  F. A. Pollock,  BROOKLYN, B. C.  ACEFIC  AILWAY  AND SOO-PACIFIC LINE.  Dealer in  It is positively stated that General  Weyler went to Cuba with .$14,000 and  returned to Spain with $11,000,000.  When you get off at  TO ALL   EASTEHX   AND  EUROPEAN 1-OlXTS.  TO PACIFIC COAST,  JAPAN,   CHINA   AND  AUSTKALTA.  ro the Kicii and active  .MIXING UlSTItlCTS OP  /-*�����_  and  cigars,  Tobaccoes,  Stationery.  Ta ke a straight  course to the  ;##"Mair   orders   receive   prompt  attention.  SHORTEST  AND  QUICKEST  ROUTE  Klondike  AND THE Y-JKON,  Close connections and no trouble.  Through tickets issued and Baggage checked  to destination.  PASS REVELSTOKE  DAILY TO ST. PAUL.  DAILY (except Wednesday)  TO EASTERN CANADIAN  i and U. S. POINTS.  1 Daily train leaves New Denver Canyon Siding  i 8:45 a. in. Arrives New Denver Canyon Siding  I 3:50 p in.  Boat connection daily (except Sunday-) via  Rosebery: Loaves New Denver 8.35 a. m;  arrives New Denver 4 p. m.  Ascertain present REDUCED RATES  and full information by addressing nearest  local agent or���  ���   G. B. GARRETT, Agent New Denver.  W. b\  Anderson, Trav.  Pass. Agt.. Nelson.  E. J. Coyle, Dist. Pass. Agt., Vancouver.  S3!" All sensible people travel via C. P. Ry and  Soo line.  TOURIST  CARS  NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION.  k  and get something" to eat.  The door is always open  as the key has been lost  in the excitement. ...  .. . Everything in the  market can be located in  this Care   McDonald & Millard.  ���VTOTICE is hereby given that tlie partnership I  it heretofore existing between us, the under-j  signed, as partners under the linn name of  Sheeran & O'Ray, and trading as packers and  freighters at the Alamo Concentrator, has this  day been dissolved by mutual consent. All dqbts  owing to the said firm are to be paid to James  Sheeran at the said place of business, by whom  all debts of the said partnership will be paid.  J ated nt New Denver. B. C., this fith dav of  July, A.D. 1808.  DAN O'RAY,  JAS. SHEERAN.  Witness. Chas. S. Rashdall, New Denver. B. C.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Conductor Mineral Claim.  W. PARKER  BROOKLYN, B, C.  Deals in Groceries, Provisions, Notions and  Town Lots  He also carries a line of  Trail  which he sells to the trade. Owing1 to the war in Cuba this  Cigar will soon be off the market, and hotel men should govern  themselves accordingly.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenav District. Where located: Twin  Lakes Basin.  ���pAKE NOTICE that I. Herbert T. Twigg,  1 agent for William H. Elson, Free Miner's certificate No. Cfti!.)A, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this 28th day of Julv. 18!)8.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Mollie Hughe*,  Real Idea  Xo.  8, Pinto,  Tryoii, and Kinkorst Mineral Claims.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  one mile north of New Denver, on the shore  of Slocan Lake.  'PAKE NOTICE that I, W. S. Drewry, of the  1    town of Kaslo,  acting  as  agent for M. E.  Bragdon. Free Miner's Certificate No. 85027: H.  Clever, Free Miner's Certificate No. iof'79A; Harry  Sheran, Free Miner's Certificate No. 120O1A- and  Thos. Avison. Free Miner's Certificate No. loiiltA.  intend sixty days from the date hereof to apply  to tho Mining  Recorder for a certificate oi improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claims.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this l-lfch dav of Julv. 1898  ' W. S. DREWRY  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red  Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Direct Route to the   Mineral District of the Col-  villc Reservation,   Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave.  6:20 a.m.        NELSON  12:05 " ROSSLAND  8:30 a.m.      SPOKANE  Train leaving Nelson at 8:80 a  connections at Spokane with trains for all  Pacific Coast Points.  Close connection with Steamers for Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle   River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  KASLO & SLOCAN RY  TIME CARD  Arrive.  5:35 p.m  11:20a. m>  3:10 p.m.  make close-  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  SKIN   DUCTS.  The skin, as every one should know,  is an active excretory organ supplementing- in no small degree the function  of the kidneys. Those waste products  in tlie body which must be carried off  or prove fatal to the coiitinuance of life  lind a means of exit both by the kidneys  and the skin.  The performance of this excretory  functioii of the skin is more directly  under personal control than perhaps  any other of the organic processes of  the body.  If the care of the skin be neglected,  its functioii is impaired. As" a consequence a greater amount of work is  thrown upon the other excretory organs  which, if they are able, respond to the  strain. When, however, the kidneys  are already performing all the work of  which they are capable, symptons arise  indicative of the presence of an undue  amount of waste products in the blood.  Rheumatism is a common attendant  on an insufficient excretion of harmful  material, while gout or similar diseases  may likewise appear.  Summer weather incidently increases  the efficiency of the skin as an excretory organ, while cold has an opposite  effect.  In winter, especially, the skin should  be assisted in performing its functions.  A prominent writer upon diseases of the  larynx believes that three fourths of all  NEW DENVER,  Provides ample and pleasant accommodation for the traveling public.  Telegrams for rooms promptly attended to.  STEGE & AVISON,       -       -       -       -      *- -       Proprietors.  Cinderella, Medfoi  Miner  d and Keyser  11   Claims.  Fraction  Situate in the Sloean Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On  the South Fork of Carpenter Creek about one  mile and a half east, of Three Forks.  rpAKE NOTICE that I. George II. Dean, acting  J. as agnt for Leonard B.d<eyser,free miners'  certiiicate No. (if'N'A, iuiend sixty days Iron, the  date hereof to apnly to llie Mining Recorder for a  certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Grown grant of the above claims.  And further take notice, that action under section Hi. must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this nth dav of June, lasts  GEORGE B. DEAN.  Apex    Mineral    Claim.  Leave 8 00 A  "   S Wi '  ,���'"    il 3li '  "    !l 51 '  '��� 1(1 (13 ���  " 10 18 ���  ���' 1(1 38 '  10 50 "  .M.  Arrive, 3 50  3 15  ''��� ��� 2 15  " -���> CO  " 1 46  1 US  P.M  A rr.  Kaslo  South Fori  Sproule's  Whitewater  Bear Lake  McGuigan  Cody Junction  "'      1 12     "  Sandon Leave 1 00     "  CODY   LINE.  Leave, ll.ooa.m ��� Sandon ��� Arrive, 11.-15 a.m  Arrive, 11.20   ���'    ���   Cody   ���   Leave. 11.25 a.m  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngr.  GEO. F. COPELAND,  Superintendent  For cheap railroad and steamship, tickets tc  and from all points, apply to  S.   CAMPBELL,  Agent, Sandon.  Situate in the Sloean  Alining Division of West j  Kootenay District.     Where located:    North i  of the Mountain Chief.  TiAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg, agent !  1    ior George W.  Hughes, free miner's certiiicate No. (J-1.075. intend, sixty days from the date  hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under sec-I  tion 37 must lie commenced before the issuance of  such certiiicate of improvements.  Dated th is 2nd day of June, 1898.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Convention    Fractional   Mineral   Claim.  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  &TRADINGCO.,  LTD.  Summer Time Card effective June 20, 1808.  Subject to cliange without notice.  Lot 2288.  Situate in  Ihe Slocan .Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:    About  li miles east of New Denver, and adjoining  the. Marion and Clipper mineral claims.  ���"PAKE NOTICE that  I. Robt. E.   Palmer,  as  1    agent for Albert Behne, of New Denver, B.  C.,   free   miner's   certificate   No.   81010.   intend,  sixty days from the date hereof to apply to the  .Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before tin; issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this loth day of Mav. 1808.  R. El PALMER, P.L.S.  SS.  South Bound  Read down.  INTERNATIONAL.  North Bound  Read tip.  SANDON  Train lvs Dally. 1.00 pm   Train ar daily 10.50 am  KAS1.0  ���'      3.15 pm   Train lv    '      8 00 am  3.30 am    ���Kaslo���    Boat ar 8.30 pm >���  -.      ������     -1.30 am    Ainsworth "     7.30 pm ��  CT      ���'     5.00 am    Pilot Bay "     ti.45 pm =  a       "     5.30 am      Balfour "      (i.10 pmw  * Boat ar (i.-in am, Five Mile Pt       "     5.23 pm ��  "       "     7.15 am      Nelson "lv4.45pme>  sTrain ar 10.05 am Northport Train lvl.55.pm^>  s       "1120 am  Rossland "    12.05 jinrs  "?      "        3 10 pm    Spokane "      8.30 amp  "   ar  OBoatlv  SS. ALBERTA.  Read down. Read up.  Sandon  Daily train lv l.oo pm        Daily train ar 10.50 am  Kaslo  " ar 3.45 pm ;l        lv  8.00 am  j>   Boat lv 5.00 pm M'o&T Boat ar 1.00 pm  a;-^       '���   ii.20pm Ainsworth Boat ar 11.40 pm,-  grj-j        ���   7.00 pm   Pilot Bay        ���'      il 00 pm 2  NOTICE.  1=8  10.00 pm Kuskonook  ��� 12.00 pm Goat River  ��� 1.00 am   Boundary        '*  "g 5 " ar 8.(Xi am Bonner's F'ry ��� lv  ��� f.Train lv ll.lo am " Train ar  "        ���'     ar 2.15 pm Spokane      '���     lv  8.00 pm-S  is.oo pm^  5.00 pm >,  2.00 piirg  1.15 pm��  7.50 amy")  The  VOTICI-  li    T iiiteni  is In  i-liy f.iveil that .l'I days after date '  ipply in the Chief Coii.niissioner  | of Lands and works'for a  special   license to cut j  ! and carry away timber from  the  following de--  j eribed   binds:   (.'nuuueni'inif   at   a    post, marked ;  I Frank Hill, southeast coni'-r, on the  west side of  I Sloean Lake abnui (i\-i- miles from (be north end.  i theiici;   wc-i   eighty   chains,   llieuee   north   120 '  ���ast," eighty   chains,   thence  120  to   stM'rrui!'-   point,  containing oon  FRANK  BILL,  li. i'.. July .". i. jkok.  ���hains  ���ham-'  thence  south  acre  SPECIAL KOOTENAV  LAKE SERVICE,  Commencing June 20,18!i8.  Ou Monday, Thursday and Friday ss Alberta  will leave Kaslo 5 p. m. for Ainswortli, Pilot Bay,  and Nelson. Leaving Nelson at n a. in., Tuesday. Friday and Saturday, calling at Pilot Bay,  Ainsworth and Kaslo, and alt way points.  GEORGE   ALEXANDER, Gen'l Mcr  P. O. Box 122, Kaslo, B.C.  w Denver,  NOTICE  New Denver,  Has been re-ouened under new man  agement.  The  Dining Room will  always be up to the market, while  the bar will contain liquors and  cigars that cannot be surpassed for  quality and flavor in the Slocan.  Old and new patrons will find this  hotel just like home.  JACOBSON & CO.  In 'he Mailer of  the  Mineral   Act. and   iu   the  Mattel-of Antonio Hullo, deceased inte.-tate.  'PAKE NOTICE, thai   Antonio  RoHo, late Free  1.     Miner of New Denver, B.C.. having died in-  d the personal estate left liy  him  being  Bxandon, B. C,  testati  of ihe value of less than  three  hundred dollars. I  have undertaken to administer the same.  And take  notieo.  thai   all   claims against  the  esi.iteoi   the  said   Ant inin Hollo   must   be   tiled  will ou or before the Olh  dav of  September,  I ]s;is  And further take uoiiei;, that on the loth dav  | of September, ls;is at ]n o'clock in the forenoon,  | I will cause all tbe right, title and interest of the  | said deceased Antonio Hollo in the following  I Mineral Claims, to be sold bv auction iu front of  j the Kecnrd Office at New Denver. B. C. viz���  j All his right. Titleand interest in and to each  1 ol ihe mineral claims. Champion. Buttarflv. and  J international, all situated on wilson (."reek." iu the  Sloean Mining Division of west   Kootenav. B. C.  Assay Price  List  Dated at New Denver. B. ('..  this  27th'day of  Julv. A. 1). 1��'S.  ALEX SPROAT.  Gold Commissioner.  Society is now  classes���those, who  dumb.  composed  talk   war  01  two  the  Gold. Silver, or Lead.each   Gold, Silver and Lead, combined   : Gold and Silver   Silver and Lead   Copper (by Electrolysis)   Gold, Silver. Copper and Lead   ; Gold and Copiier   : Silver and Copper   ! Gold. Silver and Copper   i Platinum   '* Mercury   Iron or'Manganese   Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sul-  1        phur, each   Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt. Nickel, Antimony.  Zinc, and Arsenic, each ."..  ; Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  i and percentage of Coke, if Coking  !        Coal) ".  Terms: '.Cash With Sample.  1 June 20th. 1805.  | FRANK DICK,  Assayer and An.-tlvst  -���1.50  :; oo  2 oo  L' oo  -_' (VI  -I 00  L' 50  2 50  i! 00  5 OO  2 00  2 00  2 OO  I OO THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., AUGUST 4, 1898.  Fifth Yeae  MINING   RECORDS  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded curing the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Denve- were  as follows:���  LOCATIONS.  July 20���Midnight, south fork Carpenter, E M  Sandilands  July 27 | Truro, Fidelity Bluff, J R Thompson.  July 28���Heather Fraction, between Carpenter  and Four Mile, Wakefield Alines, Ltd.  Pansy, Payne mountain. D�� Sprague.  July 30���Vigilant Fraction, Cody creek, J T  Moore. r    ,_   ,  Sandon Chief Fraction. Sandon, Jas Weeks.  Tawanda Fraction, Payne mountain, Sandon  M&MCo.  AUG 1���Irene B, Wilson creek, A H Blumen-  aver.  Estella, Silver mountain, ME Bragdon.  Betsy Ross, same, H T Bragdon.  Glen, Granite creek. John Wilson.  ASSESSMENTS.  July 27���Summit, Fraction, Capital, Rockingham, Augnste, C P R, Sabbath, Ontario.  July 28���Glen cairn, 1 Best Fraction, Hudson,  Wester Boy.  July 20���Annie C. Cora May, Nellie McGuire,  Victor, Silverite, May Flower, Violet, Rockland.  July 30���Kentucky Girl, Ruby Trust, Isabel  Fraction, Blue Peter Fraction, Consolidated  Virginia, Towanda, Reuben, Bowknot, Trophy.  AUG 1���Horseshoe, Brazos, Jeanette.  TKAN'SPERS.  July 27���R D Fraction 1. S T Walker to David  Matheson, March 20  Camp Lodge i, C W Baldwin to C M Brewster,  New Oxford Fraction. E B Fraser to The Vancouver and British Columbia Exploration Co,  Ltd. July 27.  July 28���Adirondack 1/9, Hugh Niven to  Arthur Mullen, July 27, *200.  July 29���Essex Fraction, David Fairbairn to  David Bremner, July 28. ���������  Edinburgh J, John A Harvey to David Bremner, June 22.  Same J, III Wilson to same, July 28.  July 30���L Fractional, John G Steel to Sandon  If &M Co, July 30. ��� , ,        ������       ,  ,Mary Durham, i, John Welsh to C Barber,  April 25.  J 8Aug 1���Crvdon Fraction, Alexander Augustus  Hedges to The Silver Band Mining Company,  Ltd, Julv 28. T  , ���  Islington, Edward B .Margin tosame,.Tuly 28.  Faringdon, Francis F Hedges to same, July 28.  Amazon i. E J Tracy to T Leo Peel, June 15,  ��100.  Smoky Fally i, same to same, June 15, $100.  Permission granted hy Gold Commissioner to  the Adams British Columbia Company, Ltd, to  run a tunnel into the Hilltop Fractional claim to  tap the ere bodies in the Britomarte, Chamblet  and Slater.  is done bv the laborers who receive  from 50 tb 75 cents per day. These  laborers also roughly sort the ore for  tlie packers who sack it before carrying it to the shaft. These packers are  paid by the sack according to weight  and distance traversed and they carry  as much as 150 pounds at a time up the  steep winzes earning from 75 cents to  -SI per day. The work is very severe  and exhausting and heart disease and  lung troubles are only to common. Ore  chutes and tramways in the levels are  not used to the extent they should be,  and, although there is never any difficulty in getting sufficient ore broken  down, want of labor often causes much  vexatious delay in bringing it to the  surface. A cheaper way of working is  to let a mine out in sections to buscones  or tributers. Each party then has so  many feet along the vein or an end to  drive. Thej' pay all their expenses,  and are entitled" to half the ore they  bring out. Bock drills and air compressors are coming into use, but on  account of the cost of fuel the more  primitive methods are often better. In  fairly hard ground a gang of Mexicans  will (Irive from three to four yards per  week at a cost of from S30 tb -540 per,  yard. Two air drills will accomplish 10  yards per week, but each yard will  cost from. $80 to $100, half of the expense  of the machine work being due to the  fuel and repairs. Another difficulty in  using machines is the inability of the  native miners to work them and skilled  drillers have to be imported.  What   Becomes   of  Old   Copper   Coins'  SIOKAL:    DON'T    WRITE.  He indicted many letters couched in terms of  wildest love.  He compared ber to the angels he had read of up  above,  And he swore no other maiden  on the earth was  in the swim-  That she had the sole, exclusive Cupid-halter  hitched to him.  At a later day those letters fell beneath his eyes  again.  And he cursed the hand that wielded the enthusiastic pen  As the counsel for the plaintiff with a glad, triumphant face.  Read them to a grinning jury in a breach-of-  promise case.  ���Denver Post.  H. H. Knox,  Has removed to the  DO NOT OVERLOOK  The  THJS    FORESTS. OF   CUBA.  . SI.OCAN   CITY    DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  July 22���Sampson, Michael Madigan; ABP,  same.  July 23���Maple Leaf No 2, E M Brindle; Lown  Boie, Jno Dvdenski; High Ore. Jno Blench;  Mommental Fraction, F G Norcros.?.  July 25���Reindeer, Jos Dearln; Elk, J T  Beauchesne; Langley, Jas Livingstone; Benard,  Ernest Rackliffy  July 26���White Ensign. Arthur S Brindle.  July 27���Gladstone, Alex Stewart; Winslow,  Duncan Gillis and Thos Lacombe.  July 28���Delta, Jno H Ward.  ASSESSMENTS.  July 22���Rainbow, Lily B.  July 23���Allcorn, Buchera, Monument No 2,  Monument No 8, Dividend, Key West, Excelsior,  I X L.July 25���Carrie D, Hibernian, Wolftone, Brian  Borohu, Osceola, Boissesvain, Huntingdon,Cornwall, PortohcIIo. Lone Dutchman.  July 26���First Venture.  July 27���Golden Crown, Mauxmain, King  Billy, Pioneer, Uncle Sam, R L, D R.  AINSWORTH   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  July 23���Lost March, F Savage; Blue Jay. B  Flaherty and D Cosgriff; Custer, WHVroom,  XV Luke, Elliott. R Desmond; Dylora, P Swen  cisky; Gum Salsatn, B Swencislcy; Lime Rock,  A Swencisky; Joint Stock, B Swencisky; Poland  Group, B Swencisky; Alcyone, Luandcr Shaw, R  H Morrison, W H Morrison, H L Jones.  July 25���Sunrise, J P Miller; Vesuvius, G- M  Lightbody.  JULY 26 -Side Dish. D XV Clark; Silver King, F  L Fitch; Cooper King, T Workman ; Sporting,  Joe Blanchard; Ruby E J Blauel'.ard.  ASSESSMENTS.  July 2-1���Aspen, Lilly Fraction, Sophia, Lillie  May, Gordon, Blutcher, Etna, Shoofly, Helena,  Virginia.  July 25���Tony, High Bluff, Forest King,  Broadview, Bieliford, Burgess King, McGregor,  Timberline, Capital Prize, Lucky Edd, Last  Chance, Boss, North Star, Beaver, Lone Star,  Comet, Early Morning, St Gothard.  July 26���Multnomah, Lillie May. Assurance,  Breslau Fraction, New Silver King, Kongsberg.  TKAX'SFEKS.  July 23���Permission of Gold Commissioner to  Leander Shaw to relocate.  July 25���By Chance Fraction, F Pyman to  Harry Lowe and M Powers.  Black Hawk J, John McLeod to O A Sutherland, S200.  Pardner, A C Buzetti to A B Walker.  July 26���Wee Kate Fraction, Jas A Mitchell  to Charleston Mining Co, Ltd.  What becomes of old copper, coins?  There are 199,900,000 old copper pennies  somewhere.   Nobody knows what has  become of  them, except that once in  awhile a (single specimen turns up in  change.     A   few years ago 4,500,000  bronze 2-cent   pieces  were set afloat.  Three million of them are still outstanding.   Three million 3-cent silver pieces  are scattered   over the   United States,  but it is very  rarely  that one is seen.  Of 800,000 \-eent pieces,  which correspond in value to English farthings, not  one has been returned to the government for  coinage  or  is  held by the  treasury.   Congress appropriates about  $100,000 yearly for recoining the silver  coins now in possession of the treasury.  These are mostly half-dollars, and are  not circulated, because there is no demand for them.   Not long ago the stock  of them amounted to ��5,000,000, but it is  only about half that now.   The money  set aside for recoining- is not intended  to pay f^r the cost of minting, but it is  required to reimburse the treasury of  the United States on account of the loss  which silver pieces have  suffered by  abrasion.   The Joss amounts to S30 on  every 81,000 and it has to be made good  in order to set the treasurer's accounts  right.���Atlanta Constitution.  MEXICAN  MINERS  AVORK.  AND    THEIR  The Iron and Coal Trades Review  says:  Mexicans have been miners for centuries, in the older fields at least; the  practice'is primitive but is particularly  suited to   the conditions of their work.  The principal mines are located at an  elevation of (5,000 to 8,000 feet above sea  level, where fuel and timber are scarce;  but, while fuel is costly, forage is cheap  and it costs only ��1 50 a week to keep a  mule, hence mule and horse power replace steam' wherever possible'. Tho.  old method of tin watering mines is  curious. AH workings below water  level (haiii into a central sump and  above this is fixed a barrel and from  this there runs an endless string of  buckets which diji into the water and  discharge into another reservoir :-'d feet  or so above the lower one. The barrel  is revolved through gearing turned by,  a mule. A succession of these reservoirs and trains of. buckets brings the!  water to the surface. The clumsy ar-!  raiigeinent although superseded to a  .large extent in mines is still employed  for wells and irrigation.  .Mexican miners form a distinct and  an aristocratic caste, looking- down  upon rancheros and agriculturists with  contempt. The miner is easily worth  SI 0'J a day and is much more independent, while the best   farm laborer .'Joes  Had   a   Terrible   Time.  A Seattle despatch says: The disgusted miners who returned on the  steamer Alki have had a terrible time  since they went to the Copper river  country.    Their story of hard luck is  worse than that of those who have returned before them. They slaved for  weeks getting their stuff across the  glacier, and once on the other side  found the bars too poor to pay wag'es.  Then came a race with the sun across  the Valdez glacier. Great crevasses  had been burned in the ice mountain  by the everlasting sun. Travel was  dangerous and many narrow escapes  are reported. Several hundred men  and women are now at Valdez waiting'  for a steamer to run them home, many  are poverty stricken. Some fear is expressed that several of the parties now  in the interior will delay too long- and  he unable to cross the" gacier. In a  month it will be impassable even by  large parties with the assistance of  ropes.        __   RATE   NOTICIi*.  The following CP.R. round trip rates  will be in effect until Sept. 30:  To Rosebery and return from Sandon,  75c.; Three Forks, 50c. Sell on Saturday and Sunday, limit to return following Monday.        .  To Halcyon Springs from Revelstoke,  $2.25; Sandon, $3.85; Robson, $5,75;  Nelson, $7.50; Slocan City, $4.35;  Trail. $7.00; Rossland, $8.25; Kaslo,  $9.75; Ainsworth, $8.20; New Denver,  $3.35. Tickets to Halcyon Springs are  good for 30 days.  Robt. Kkrk,  Traffic Manager.  Cuba still possesses 1(3,000,000 acres of  virgin forest abounding in valuable timber, none of which is useful as coarse  construction lumber, while nearly every  foot would be saleable in the United  States and bring high prices. Cuban  mahogany and cedar are particularly  well-known in the United States. The  mahogany is very hard and shows a  handsome grain, and is preferred by  many to any other variety in common  use. The moment Spain drops the reins  of government in Cuba and trade relations are re-established with the States,  there will be a movement, both inward  and outward, of forest products which  will have a beneficial effect upon the industry in both countries.  First to feel  the force of this  movement toward rehabilitating Cuba will be  the   lumbering   interests of the South  Atlantic and Gulf coasts.    Prior.to three  years ago they looked upon Cuba as an  excellent outlet for the coarse end of the  mill cuts, and since the market has been  closed to  permit   the   prosecution of a  most   hideous and   revolting  war, the  coarser grades of the yellow pine produced at coast points have been marketed with great difficulty and seldom at a  profit.    It   is   unfortunately true   that  Cuba will be unable to realize so promptly from a movement to re-establish her  mahogany   and   cedar   trade, for   it is  claimed by prominent operators that the  industry has been so completely crippled  by the   ravages of war that a period of  time running from 12 to IS months will  be required befoie logs can be landed at  ports in this country.   It  is hoped that  all  this may be accomplished without  shedding an   additional   drop of blood.  Prior to the war the amount of the net  revenue of Cuba was $80,000,000.    With  peace restored it would hardly be better  than $50,000,000.   But under a conservative form of government she would gain  strength and prestige from her closer relations with the United States.  Newmarket  Block and is prepared to repair  ever1' description of  Disabled  Watches.  Latest novelties  in Dress Goods for  New  ��> O Y1 fl Q*Sprinff and Sum"  Goods,  THE  SELKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  <-, travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts of  this hotel.  BRANDON &��� BARRETT  When in Silverton,   especially if  you have a thirst with you.  The beer is kept on ice, while the whiskey  has that flavor and power so  much appreciated by the traveller when he is weak and weary.  THOMAS CLAIR, Proprietor.  Port of Nakusp  THOS. ABRIEL  CUSTOriS BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B. C.  Great Clearance  Sate *or30  ��90  only  500 pairs of  Ladies' Shoes & Slippers  Including Black, Chocolate and Tan, Lace and Button  iShoes, Oxford Ties, Strap and Bow Slippers; also white  Pink and Red Sandals.      At cost price; for Cash only.  Postoffice Store, Sandon.  IfWfffffffffWfff  ���^%''V*V1k*V%^<  Specials  new Suitings  merwear; ready  made Clothing,  Neck wear, Hats,  and Caps, Boots  and Shoes ��� the  most complete stock in the lake section���at prices as low as it is possible  to make them. We invite your inspection. Look into our snow- window.  \Ve are displaying- a fine line of  novelties.  McLachlan & McKay,  Xew Denver.  TU p.   108 Bishopsgate St.  IH^/ (within)  British t0ND0N-ENG-  SubserP "!   Columbia-  Review  Snbseribtion. .<���".."if) por annum  I have lately received a stock of  well-selected, handsome suitings  for Spring- make-up, and _I earnestly invite your inspection of  them. Some excellent qualities  and patterns, and at especially  low prices���lower than ever put  upon the market in this section  before.  I guarantee a neat, natty lit,  and satisfaction in every particular.       Are you wanting a Spring  suit?  JL A. WILSON,  The Reliable Slocan Tailor.  Newmarket Blk, New Denver, B. C. ���  To Broker*. Mining  Engineers, owners of  Mining Claims. Mining Engineers, Assa.y-  ers, Journalists aiid  others���  Advertise in the B. C. Review,  the only representative B. C. Journal in Europe.   A Good Investment.  FRED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  I Trouserings aJwavs on hand.  WHOLESALE  U1U1  GROCERS  Agents for B. C. Sugar Refinery and Royal  . City Planing Mills."  Dealers in  Hardware,   Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners'Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  SLOGAN CITY, B.C.  STRAYED.  a bav  saddle horse,  black  Finder will be rewarded by  AN JUNE 7TH.  \J mane and tail,  applying to���  PALMA ANGRIGNON.  New Denver, B. C.  South    American    Toddy    Tree.  Nature has her rum shops, and her  saloons. She produces plants which  devote themselves to tlie manufacture  and sale of intoxicants. The South  American toddy tree is well-known to  naturalists. Tt is weil-known also to  tiie South American beetles, theoryctes  hercules. When the latter goes on a  spre.'!, he never goes 'it alone, after the  uinieigliborly habit of the human  drunkard. He collects his friends and  acquaintances to the number of 30 or  ���lu The whole crowd run their short  horns through the bark of the toddy  trees, revel in the outflowing juices,  and while inebriated.' are easily caught  by the human natives.  The toddy   tree  parts with  its liquor  free of charge.    There are other plants  which are less generous.    They  exact  a penalty of deatli   from the drunkard.  And what do they  do  with   tlie  body?  Strange as it may seem, they eat it.   Tn  this manner they obtain tin; food which  . nurshes them anil sustains their health-  nol earn more than -J;> cents   and is in a | ,-���] (,xjste.nee.    At   the  end   of   each of  state of  practical  slavery.    The Ucxi- i 0r t|l(ii|. !���������, oT(.on leaves, these plants  'iave a pitcher-shaped   receptacle.    We  this   the  growler,   but  it  to be. rushed.    It is ahvavs  cans are. v-(!i-v proud   and   sensitive am  a foreigner must exercise   considerable j mjo-ht.   stvh  tact to manage them.    Three classes of j never needs  laborers   are  employed,  unde.i-gi-ound-'  miners proper,   laborers  who clear out  the workings   after   the   blasting, and  packers who   carry   the material to the  shaft     Skilled miners work in gangs of  eight each   and   are   paid  by contract,  each   gang having a captain,   who  is  responsible to tin;  engineer of the mine  only.    These  contivictoivs  furnish their  own ' supplies   excepting   their   drills  which arc weighed at intervals ami tin-  wear   charged   against   the   gang     A  dj-ift of two yards square costs from -?2.r>  to 8lo por yard, but   the  contractors do  full of what, with special appropriateness, might be called bug juice���a  watery liquor, sweet to the taste; aud  inebriating fo 1 he senses. Only in fine  weather is the growler open for business On rainy days it is firmly shut  up to keep out the rain that would  dilute and spoil the contents. Nature's  saloon-keepers do not water their stock.  and  of many  Sizes,  Kinds,  and Prices,  at  T. H. Hoben's  Yoai* business  uaill  suffer.  \(\  not remove the, broken material, which ' street.  F. Pyman has again commenced to  do business in Xew Denver. Bring  vour watches to him when they are out  of ordei-.    1'vman's new building, Sixth  .  . . Next to a healthy bank account the most essential thing  1$ to a.BUSINESS M AN is  to  have  his writing- stationery and  vil business cards, etc., of trood quality  and  printed .in business,  ���H? sitylc.    A man in business does not necessarily mean  A BUSI- ���  NESS MAN.    Some men are as careless about their stationery !  as about their business���don't care how it is printed so long as ,  it is cheap.       To these we want to talk.     With our increased j  facilities we can fill your orders  for Job  Printing as cheap as ;  the cheapest, and the quality of the  work  and stock is unsur  passed���even in the large cities.       Samples of stock and wort  open to your inspection.    All classes of work���from a tri-colored  sheet poster to the daintiest and handsomest wedding stationery.  Whatever   you   want,   don't   overlook   The   Ledge   Power  Printing,Plant, the best equipped  office  west of.Red River. ���  DR. MILLOY,  DENTIST  Rooms in Reco Hotel, Sandon.  ��*&��@����@��������@��������������@,��ffi����  WANTED���Honest, energetic young men:  farmers' sons, teachers, students, clerks and  others who are admirers of Air. Gladstone, and  would like to spend the next lliree months in  telling the matchless story of his life. We leach  vou how to do the woekand guarantee success.  From .���?���".Oi) to .-���:",.()() a day absolutely sure. There  is no fear of failure and it will be enjoyable work.  Particulars furnished free.  BRADLEV-GARRETSON CO., Limited,  Toronto.  >s  NEW DENVER, B.C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at. Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers >a presentation of their orders "or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines free of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information apply to���  J.' E. Brouse, M.LV  New Deny er,-B.C.  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  arge  And  Comfortable  ^     Rooms  li  OTEL VEVEY  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevev, Slocan Lake, B.C.  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against lire. Rates $2.50  and ��3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  The  Nakusp,  Is .1 comfortable hotel for travellers  to stop at.  Mrs. McDougald.  BRICK  FOR   SALE.  JOHN   GOETTSCHE,  NEW DENVER.  Hell k Co.,  Insurance  anS General Commissson  Agents.  SKW DKNVJS'K. 1J.  C,


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