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The Ledge Apr 22, 1897

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Array *  Vol  IV. No.   30  NEW DENVER, B. C, APRIL 22, 1897.  Price $2.00 a Year.  ���'Billy" Smith laid to Rest in the  Little Clearing: in the Woods  J. A.  STEWART   FOLLOWS   HIM  New Denver's death rate this week  has been large. Two of her citizens  were carried to the little green spot  in the woods ori the hill- arid there  laid away by sorrowing ones never  again to return.  W. H. Smith, or "Billy "-Smith, as  he was known far and wide, was a  New Denver pioneer, yet only 35  years of age; the other, J. A. Sfce-  Avart, was a late arrival, having been  brought to the hospital from Brandon  a few days ago. and was about 65  years old. Mr. Smith's only relative  here is J. H. Wereley, his half brother. Mr, Stewart, formerly a commission merchant in Seattle, came into  the Slocan two months ago with the  �� intention of embarking in business.  Mrs. Hammond, of Brandon, is- hisr  sister. He leaves a wife, son and  daughter-to mourn his loss. His son  is at present very ill in Tucson,  Arizon^ which makes the trouble  more severe upon , Mrs. , and Miss  Stewart.  The death of Wm. Smith occurred  Sunday morning at 5 o'clock from an  abscess on the brain and his interment took place from the home of Mr.  Werely Monday afternoon, under the  auspices of the local lodge of Knights  of Pythias, and was the first funeral  ever held in the Slocan with martial  music, the band being engaged for  the occasion; The death of Mr. Stewart came one day later and his  funeral was held Tuesday afternoen  from the church. Rev. Beattie  officiated at both.  Mr. Smith was one of New Denver's  successful prospectors. He was the  locator of the Mountain Chief which  he discovered while ma king a hasty  retreat from a bear. This property  netted him $15,000, and a large portion of it was invested in New Denver  town lots. He was successful in disposing ot other valuable claims, arid  did his share in bringing to the attention of the outside world the now  famous Slocan.  complete the proposed improvements  in a, few weeks-  Engineer Perry and corp of assistants went to the' foot of the lake last  Friday and laid out the work there,  returning here Monday: , At Slocan  City a wharf like that built at Rosebery; will be put in. It will be sever-'  al hundred feet long, 40 in width and  double tracked. V  SANDON.  There has been shipped over the  C. P. R. from this station from March  7 to April 14, the output of two mines,  490 tons of ore.  The Misses Renard and McKenzie,  opera singers, gave an entertainment  at Spencer's hall Saturday evening.  They did not give general satisfaction.  The cribbing on the E. & S. track  which runs along the side hill above  the main line of the C. P. R. in this  city gave way Monday night and as  a result a large amount of rock, dirt,  trees���and incidentally, K. & S. railroad collateral, is piled upon the C.P.  R. track a short distance below their  depot. To a leak in the town reser-  .voir, situated a short distance above  the track, is attributed the cause of  the slide. The police station had a  narrow escape from destruction by a  falling tree, which came down with  the slide and which missed the station  by only two or three feet.  Some time Saturday nisrht the __'.  & S. depol/bffice was entered by unknown parties, who stole the ticket  case aDd all the tickets and a number  of time checks. The agent was'pay-  ing off the men Monday and it is  supposed that the robbers saw him  and decided that there was a haul to  be made bv robbing the office. The  time checks:were all made Out to in  dividuals and were not endorsed.'  hence cannot be cashed unless they  are lorged; No money was taken-  or in fact anything of value to' the  robbers. Entrance was effected by  removing a pane of glass from the  rearvwindow of the office.  TUNNEL, SHAFT, DUMP  Latest Returns from the Mines and  Prospects of th�� Silvery Slocan.  PREPARED    FOR    MINING   MEN.  It is said that a deal is on for the (  Oregon City. >  Sleeping quarters for 140 men are  to be erected at the Enterprise.  The force on the Two Friends has  been reduced to two or three men.  Several Slocan properties have  closed down until the snowslide season  passes.  F, S. Davis has commenced work  on the Silver Wave, a Wilson creek  property.  Geo. Fairbairn has secured from J.  A. Finch a three-fourths interest in  the Wakefield.  The Payne will ship about 300 tons  this month and then stopshipping'for  a couple of months.  The bond on theDalhousie hasbeen  thrown up. Other parties are ready  to take it up at the same figure.  The Nettie Fractional, on the lake  shore near Silverton, was bought last  week by John Tinling for $500.  R. C. Campbell-Johnston goes ,to  the Coast this week and may visit  England before he returns to the Slocan.  Work is being done onvthe United  Empire, Ten Mile creek. The property is owned by Tom Dunn and  others.  exceedingly well. The whole bottom  of the shaft is ore averaging $19.60  in gold. The ore is highly silicious,  and could easily be milled or concentrated.  No. 1 tunnel on the Monte Cristo is  now in over G00 feet and its entire  face is in ore. This grade is better  than it has before been in this mine,  the assays running up to $24 with  nothing below $6. The ore is silicious and will concentrate.  Frank Gussi and W-R. Ralston recently visited the St. Paul and Belcher, which the^y own, in coniunction  with J. J. Davis. About $2500 of  work has been done on the property,  which is a gold, silver and copper  proposition. The St. Paul and Belcher  are on Sullivan creek, and active  work will be resumed shortly. Most  of the men up in that locality, Mr.  Ralston stated, have had to leave,  owing to shortness in the supply of  provisions and the difficulty of packing more in till the snow melts.  STRUCK   THE   ENTERPRISE   LEDGE  It is reported by the manager of  the Iron Horse which joins the Enterprise on Ten Mile creek that thev  have struck the Enterprise ledge  which they had been trying to reach  by a cross-cut tunnel, the length of  which is 235 feet. The'vein is the  same as that of the Enterprise and the  ore equally rich, which proves this to  be a most valuable property. This  will be gratifying news to shareholders ��in. the Bondholder as the Bondholder group has the continuation of  the Enterprise lead.  On   Nelson   Island.  SILVERTON.  CP.R    WORK   ON   THE   LAKE,  Tiie New Boat and Wharves Pushing to  Completion Rapidly.  Last Saturday the boiler for the  steamer Slocan arrived at Rosebery  and Sunday a large force of men was  at work putting the enormous piece  of tubing into position- The new  boat is presenting a splendid appearance as work progresses. The hull  is painted and the upper and lower  decks are finished ready for the  painter. It is said the boat will make  her initial trip on May 24th, but it is  highly probable she will be launched and making regular trips on the  lake before that date.  The wharf at Rosebery is being  The Townsite Co., will erect a large  building near Hart's hotel.  Levi Smith,, of Spokane will build  an assay office.  Grant Thorborn will do more building on the opposite side of ..the street  from his hotel.  Lots continue to rise in value on the  main street.     .  CARD   OF   THANKS.  To the people of New Denver, who  have shown myself and daughter so  many kindnesses in this hour of great  trial, I tender my sincere thanks.  Though strangers in a strange land  your thoughtful sympatny reached  us, I shall ever remember with deep  gratitude your kindness.  Mrs. C. Stewart.  CARD   OF   THANKS.  Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Wereley with  heartfelt gratitude  desire to thank  [the   citizens   and   the   Knights   of  planked this week Jhinday the^ pile lFyth[aii for their kindness towards  driver was towed to New Denver and tlfem in their recent bereavement.  the work of driving began here yes-j   terday. As soon as the lumber is on| Old Sol is hard on the eyes these  hand a large force of men will be put J days, Get a pair of smoked glasses  to work on the wharf buildings and gat Nelson's Drug Store and protect  warehouses,  and an  effort made to j your eyes. f  Ihe Chapleau, situated on Gold  creek adjoining the Ranger has been  bonded bv the Hall Exploration syndicate forJSO, 000.  George Long has return ed to town  after working four months on the  Lily B. He will prospect around  Fort Steele this summer.  A Burleigh compressed air plant is  being put in on the Currie, and many  hew buildings are under waj^ to provide accommodations for the increased number of men employed there.  An offer of $30,000 has been made  for the Young Bear group near the  Bondholder. The group consists of  tive claims and is owned by Messrs.  Black, McLennan, Weir, McCuaig,  McPherson, and Lindquist.  C. S. Nelson, a Rossland expert,  was in New Denver this week inspecting the Producer and adjoining  properties on the Galena Farm. <���> He  reported favorably on them and Tuesday G.'.A. Yerex came in from Vancouver to close the deal on them.  AROUND   ROSSLAND.  Altogether 705 feet of tunnels, upraises and drifts have been run on the  Golden Drip.  The Red Eagle hoisting, pumping  and drill-power plant is installed.  The plant gives great satisfaction.  The Kootenay tunnel now shows 14  feet of ore in the face. This is at a  depth of 350 to 400 feet from the surface,  The Great Western has had to suspend work in its shaft owing to the  flow of surface water. This is most  aggravating,  as the mine is  The Vancouver Goldfields.Limited,  are sending Norman McCormick, their  mining superintendent, to Nelson  Island with a number of miners to  open up the property which thev  have recently purchased. - It consists  of six claims with a mineral ledge 40  to 70 feet in width running between  8,000 and 9,000 feet through the property. This island is/only 60 miles  from Vancouver, and it is believed  by many that in a short time the  Coasl; mines will be as good as any in  the Province.  LOCAL   BREVITIES.  James Currie will visit Vancouver  on business.  gone to the  looking  F.  S,  Andrews   has  Coast on business.  A. M. Beattie is building an hotel  at Slocan City for Mighton, of Sandon.  A. Driscoll and S.'T. Walker have  secured offices in the new Bolander  block.  Purer drinking water is wanted in  the city. Water from the lake front  is not immaculate enough.  Tom Mulvey has turned his ranch  at the foot of Slocan lake fnto a town-  site and it will now be known as West  Slocan City.  Mrs. Carson, of Vancouver, "has  rented the dining and bedrooms of  the Denver House and will be ready  for business this week.  Owing to the difficulty of packing  supplies to the Two Friends work has  been suspended until the trail is in  better condition.  Preparations arc already being  made for a grand celebration on the  1st of July in New Denver. Proper  push will make it a groat success. THE   LEDGE.  Fourth Year.  Heathen  Chinee   Up-to-date.  like a simple  The London Mail says of a recent "Heathen  Chinee" poem brought out by Bret Harte in London: Mr. Harte has revived the "Heathen Chinee"  in a.new poem in the Batch Mansfield Quarterly,  -with Abner Dean,  Brown  of  Calaveras, and  Tiuthlul James, who says :  It was raining up at  Angel's���we   war sitting  round the bar,  Diseussin'  of "Free Silver"  that '-was "going  soon to par,"  And Ah Sin stood thar a listenin  guileless child  That hears the Ang'els singlu'���so dreamy like he  smiled.  Brown of Calaveras, who had come " waltzing  ��� up onVhis bike," demonstrated with Bryanite  ; eloquence how.the ratio of silver to gold should be  W tol, and drew out of his pocket a heap of silver  . and laid.it on-'the countea.  'The Heathen in his blindness  bowa  down  to  wood and stone,"  Said Brown,"butthis poor Heathen .won't bpw to  gold alone:  So speak, my poor Mongolian, and show us your  .'������: .idee, '.���-���'  Of what we call '-Free Silver*' and what is meant  by''Free/'  ���        ��� ��������� .������ y: ,' '"���-.  Swift was the smile that stole across, that Heathen's if ace I grieve  Tliat swifter- was the hand that sweapt those dollars up his sleeve.  "Me shabbee 'Silvel' alle same as Mellican man,''  ���, . . ' says he,   -..���- ; ���.-:Vy.  '���Meshabbee 'Flee' means 'belongs .to none,?so  Chinaman catch he! Vi  This action of Ah Sin was adjudged extreme,  Y and Abner Dean proposed as punishment that Ah  Sin should f'strike the bi-metallic balance on Mr.  Brcwn's new bike." Ah Sin endeavors to adjust  equilibrium, but his pigtail is caught in the wheel  and comes to grief. ���  "My poor-Mangolian friend-said dean,  "it's  plain that in yoi r case  Your center point ot gravity dont, fall within  your base.  We'll tie the silver in a bag and hang it to your  queue,   .  And then���by scientific law���yot'll keep your balance true ! '  And here I would remark how vain are all deceitful tricks���������  The boomerang we throw comes back to give us  its last licks���  And that same weighton Ah Sin's queue set him'  up straight and plumb,  And he scooted past us down the grade and left us  cold and dumb!  But not again we saw his face���nor Brown his  ���'silver Free!'' ;:.. '���'������  And I .marvel in my simple mind howe'er these  .thingscanbeV  But I do-notreproduce the speech of Brown who  saw him go .;.  For my words are pure aed simple���and I"never  yet was low!  to 1894 has fluctuated Jrorn ��70;000 in 1859 to ��3,913.-  503 in 1863, down to --;45G,0(>Gin 1894. The t total in  the thirty years being 3,614,989 ounces. Thus the  reeoid shows in every ���"country... a steady, though  gradual and fluctuating, decline in yield. What  the effect of the opening of new ground, better  mechanical and chemical methods may be. we  have yet to learn, but it is not likely that in the  next thirty years an equal amount of gold produce  will ever again be recorded, though the advent  and vigoroiisproductionof vein mmingin British  Columbia will have a potent influence in that  direction. In the last copy of the Mining Review  I see a statement that "it is out of place to attempt  a comparison between the gold fields of Ontario  and those of any other province or country "  Why, does hot appearand I certainly cannot endorse the statement. It is only by krtov\i \g and  comparing wL h results elsewhere xhat we can  gain a true and accurate knowledge of our own  results and possibilities. In any case comparisons are always educationally useful if truthfully  and carefully considered, and intelligently applied. All circumstances uuly considered, lhold  Auscralasia is the richest country in the world,  and especially as regards gold. I find the following record of produce for quinquennial periods  from 1851 to 1893:  ���'���'-���    Australasia 92,648/00 o:s. '  United States 89,353,000 ozs.  This probably   includes , Cunada and amply  proves that, population and age considered, Australasia is the richest .mining country in the  worle, unless developments in Africa place it ;in  the first place. .* The idea seems prevalent that  Canada is an exceptionally rich mining country.  This I hold to be a fallacy. -Canada's resources  in minerals are large and are capable and worthy  of better development.    It is, however,  in the  last degree unlikely it can ever vie with the small- (  est province of Australia.   Canada is essentially  an agricultural and pastoral: country, and on the  vigorous development of these will her future prosperity mainly depend.   The produce from theseis  always an increasing one,wlnle that from mining  is always diminishing and must eventually terminate.   Of the. three kingdoms of nature only  one is capable of reproduction and therefore mortal.   The chief and gi-eatest value of gold and  gold mines, especially in a new and, unexplored  country requiring people to work and develop-its  reproductive resources, lies in its poweito attract  such people rapidly and in^ srich  numbers as no  other inducement Will succeed in aecom plishin g,  and therefore every > Canadian must iwish. the  utmost success to the effort now being made; to  develop the gold mining -industry, but not by the,  plan of the modern miner, who; unlike the ancient  miner; begins by opening a broker'si office in a  leading thoroughfare instead of a tunnel in a mineralized hill side.   Canada in eight years has not  produced as much gold as Victoria often in; a  single year. ;  In  1894 . Victoria yielded: 673,680  ounces,.while Canada . from 1886 to 1893, yielded  only 496,896ounces. '���/���>'���' y   y ,      :���  GOLD PRODUCED IN VICTORIA  IN  (iUINQUEXNIAL  PERIODS SINCE 1851, I  BAHKOF  H IM ffiEICA  Established in 1836. :  incorporated by royal charter in 1840  Paid-up Capital...  Reserve Fund .....  London .pPFicE-  -3. Clements  St., E. C  .��*��� 860,666  Lane,  Lombard  OF  COURT  J. H. Brodie  John James Crtter  Gaspard Farrer  Henry R. Farrer  Richard II. Glyn  Secretary���A.G  DIRECTORS.  E.A. Hoare  :������''���'  H. J. B. Kendall  J. J.Kingsford  Frederic. Lubbock  Geo; D. Whatman  Wallis.  KASLO&SLOGA  TIME CAED No. 1.  IU EFFECTvW.ED|jiOV. 25^ 1895  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  H  Gold   Quartz   Mining   in   Canada   and  Victoria,   Australia.  By Dr. A. R. C. Selwyn, C.M.G., Ottawa.  We have latterly heard and read so much, aqout  gold in Canada and the marvellous richness of  Canadian gold mines that I have thought a few  facts and comparisons respecting gold and gold  mining in Canada and elsewhere might be welcome ,. and -serves to satisfy some illusory ideas on  the subject. It is said that-cpmparisons are odious,,  but then, iu-these days of booming,trutMi to many  persons T^ho have axes to grind or. schemes to  work, is; still more odious and unpopular, but that  is no reason-for telling tha most pernicious and  meanest ofc lies���half, the truth.    You are.;all so  familiar with, the history of gold. discovery ,and  development in Canada that it seems needless to  do more.than refer to a few;, dates and documents  respecting it.   In Quebec its existence was first:  ���madeknown by  Samuel  Baudeley in 1835.   In  the Geology of Canada. 1836, all that was known  of its distribution  and development up to that  date is to be fonnd, and in the Geological Survey  R.enort. 1863*67, are to be found the first records of  its development. >   Then, as now,,, extravagant  figures and estimates were indulged in.   About  the same time, 1860, auriferous quartz veins were  discovered in Nova Scotia, and in 1865 there appears to,have been 24.8607 ounces raised; in 1866,  -'4,162 ounces; in 1867, 27,583, ounces,���equal to 76,-  tL'l ounces in three years.   From 1869 to 1874 the  average production in Nova Scotia was  18,987  ounces.   The first record of the discovery of gold  in Ontario is in the General. Survey  Report in  1866-09.    This was the well-known Richardson,  mine, and the first mine worked lor gold in Ontario.   Nothing  was known   about: gold  or its  distribution in Western Ontario   till  about the  time of the building of the Dawson road, and the  endeavors of the Geological Survey to trace out  and detinethe various belts of Huron iau strata,  alter having recognized the importance as a mineral-bearing series of the great so-called Lauren-  tian area, as defined on  the  geological  map of  I8ij:>. and the further recognition that these belts  were  not  Laurentlan,  but Huronian, and the  same as the tower copper-bearing gi oup of Sir VV.  Logan, consequently that this would probably be  found to present the same mineral character.   Of  the actual yield of gold from those belts iu.Ontario to date I have no l'ecord, but in the Geological  Survey report, 1872-73, the new gold field of  Shebaudovva Lake is described.    Prior,, to 1885,  I find the names of six gold mines that were then  working in the Lake of the Woods and Ramsay  River Districts.   These were as under; Manitoba  Consolidated, Pine Portage, Canada MiniugCo.,  Lake of the  Woods,  Keewatin  mine,   Argyle  mine.   These were all examined and described in  tiie Geological Survey Report, 18.S4.   Not one of  these mines now;appears in Mr. Bell's "Index to  Mining Companies, 1894 " And there is no record  of their history other than above referred to.   The  riiult of the work done on them would be interest  iig. especially if ���accompanied by a debtor and  creditor account    It seems unlikelv that the his-  t>ry of gold mining in Canada will differ from  what it has been in other countries, and under  corresponding geological conditions. ' In  British  Columbia gold was first discovered iu 1858, and,  a * we all know, hasbeen more or less profitably  worked ever sine*"'.   Tin; t/ital produce  from 18.V8  ounces  -      1851-1855  11,218,772  1850-1860       .  12,712,946  1861-1866  8.341,464  18661870  .7,105,820  1871-1875  0,130.962  18761880  4,136,753  1881-1885  4,081,269  1886-1890  3,111,373  1887  617,751  1888  625,026  1889  614,839  189.)  588,581  1891  574,400  1892  654,456  1893  c.                     -671,126  Total  61,187,518  The deepest mines in  Canada have, no^ yet (  Head Office in Canada���St. James St., y  Montreal,  SrlKKMAN, -."���      -        General Manager  J. Elmsly, Inspector.  :^^=ii^BRANCHES   IN  CANADA.     ���"   t-'  London ., ���,Kingston     : /Halifax Nf S. \  Brantford Ottawa       *   ; Rossland. B.C.  Paris Montreal.   Y.f Sandon, BC.  Hamilton Quebec V Victoria, B.C.;  Toronto ���    St- John, N.B. Vancouver, B.C,  FrederiCton, N.B. Wihnipeg.Man. Brandon, Man;  Kaslo, BG, Trail, BC ���   ' 1  AGENTS IN THE^UNITED STATES. ETC;  New Vork���52 Wall Street���W. Lawson & J .��G.  Welsh.-,Vy ':v-'y:-:,y-v-       y-yy-.yv: .������;  v:, I '���"  Sau Francisco���121  Sansom St.���H. M. I. -MC-*;  Michael and J. R. Ambrose: "V  London,Bankers-r-The Bank of England Messrs  Glyn&Co. - ';���..  ,, .������..;- ���;���;���;. ���;     .y v .: ;.���-:,- 'V-7 ;.������''  Foreign Agents-^-Liverpool���Bank of Liver  pool.; Scotlandr-fNatioiial ;Bank , ol Scotland  Limited, and branches. Ireland���Provincial  Bank of Ireland, Ltd., and branches. National  Bank, Ltd.;; and fbranches. ���;;���;Ausfci-alia���iUnioh  Bank o Australia, Ltd. New Zealandi-rUnibn  Bank of.'AustetliavLtd.; "India, China and JaiJan  -^Mercantile iBank of India, Ltd.i^Agi:a Bank,'  Ltd. West Indies-rColonial Bank. Paris-  Messrs.^iarcuardj Krauss et Cie;   Lyons���Credit:  Lyonnais.-Y-V.  ,     : GEORGE.KYDDrManager >  .':;^.'. Sandon,B(p  ���  First Bank Established ia the Slocan  Leaved 00 A.M  "   8 36     '���  "9 36. -���..'���'.���-;  "   9 51     ���".  *��� 10 03  , "10 18 :  10 30  10 38  Arr. 10 50  Kaslo  South Fork  . Sproule's  Whitewater  Bear Lake  Y'McGuigan  Bailey's  (; Junction  Sandon  Arrh  *e, 3 50 P J  ti  3 15  41  ��i,.  2 15  ii  '���  2 00  11  ti,  1 48  . <t  "  1 33  ���>'  ; a  1 21  te.  a  1.12.  il  Leave 1 00  it  M.  - - For rates and information apply at  Company's Offices.  ROBT. IRVING,    ,  R. W. BRYaN,  .'��� Traffic Mngr. .Supt. and Ass't Trras  RiCo,  ^Schedule No. 3, Jan; 4, '9T  iffltti  ^WESTBOUND.-v  No' 1 -.!���;.-.-No. 2  Passenger.  Tues , -  Thurs.  & Satv  3:3opm  6:40 pm  6:15 pm  7: K) pm  7: :5 pm  7:10 pm  7:15 pm  7:25 pm  7:35 pm  7:40 -Dili.  8:00 pm  Daily  except  Sunday.  8:30 am  8:40 am  8:45, am.  9:00am  Stations  ^-EASTBOUND.-  No.2 No.  Passenger.  Ar  Tues.,  Thurs.  ;&Sat.;,  8:00 am'  7:47 am  7;42^am  7:31 am  Incorporated by-Royal Charter 1862.   >    ;  iCapital (with powerto-ihcrease)....-..-..; ^2*920,00t,  Reserve................', ���.;���;���'.....,.-.-.....   -: 486,666  exceeded 700~feet in Nova,Scotia, and .F believe not  500 feet in Ontario; Now in view of the relative  dates of quartz mining iiiVictoria,and in Canada,  and the recorded yield of the quartz,the quantities  crushed and the depths obtained are not complimentary to the enterprise and energy of Canadian  mines. As regards Nova Scotia, at least, the con  ditions are precisely like those of Victoria, and  there seems no. reason why the veins in Nova  Scotia should not be worked to depths as great as  those of Victoria, ; Toidepths, already, reached,  the average, richness of the quartz crushed has  been greater than that of Victoria, and the returns-should certainly be much greater than they '  have been Yin British Columbia, unlike Noyav  Scotia, Quebec andOntario, nature has given you  easy access to depths of thousands of feet beneath  the surface, and the -facilities for mining, and  mineral development are far greater .than they  ever can be in-the other provinces. jV  A new line of Shoes,   and ready-  made clothing at THOBEN'S.     * f  Lv. ���-. ������-'���  Trail  Smelter  V McLeod's  Warfield  ,9:05 am Tiger Switch Bk7:26 am  9:10am Crown. Paint 7:21am  9:15 am Lake Mountain' 7rl6 am  9:25 amYi > Carpenter' <r. 7:10 am-; 5:10 pin  9:35 am ..Union Ave 7:03 am 5:03 pm  9:40am -Rossland- '7:00am 5:00pm  9:50 am YRosslaiidWye 6:40 am   4:40 pm  J. A. JORDAN. C/D. & T. M.  THE   STEAMER  Daily  except  Sunday.  6:00 pm  5:47 pm  5:42 pm  5:31 pm  ���5:26 pm  5:21pm  5:16 pm  Head Office: .60 LpmburdStreet,<London, Eng.  ,���,..'���...">.     m sBRANCHES :  In British Columbia :-^Victoria, Vancouver,New  :    Westminister,Nanaimd,Kamloop8,NELSON,  KASLO and SANDON, (Slocan Distiict)'.  In the United States:���San* Francisco and ''.'Port-'  ..���'..   land.-   ;        ���. ���    '. ��� '  .      Agents and Correspondents: .  CANADA :���Canadian- Bank of. Commerce  Merchants' Baukof Canada, the Molsons Bank  Imperial; Bank> of Canada and Bank ol: Nova  Scotia. UNITED.. STATES.:���Canadian f Bank  of Commerce (Agency),- New -York; Bank 'oi  Nova Scotia, Chicago. The -London' and. San  NranCisco Bank, Ltd., Tacoma. The Puget  Sound National Bank;- Seattle. The Exchange,  National BankrSpokane. AUSTRALIA AND  NEW ZEALAND:���Bank of Austi-alasiaV  HONOLULU:   Bishop & Co, ;-.-  .   Sa.nc^O'JQ.-Sx'a.ricii.  ��� V:,:,; LEAVES; NEWVDENVER Y  .every morning at 8 o'clock  /.'���(Sundays excepted)  :FOR SILVERTON,  SLOCAN CITY and ALL  INTERMEDIATE POINTS.  i  Returningj will,*! if: possible, make conneetior.s  with the west-bound train on the N. & S. Ry.  Powder carried only on- Fridays.  Time Table subject to-change without notice.  G.L.ESTABROOK, Master.  nuiinum  NEW DENVER, B.C.  An office of the iSiocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  EMIL POHL. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in. regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of the above.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.^  New Denyer, B.C.  or���   Emil Pohl, M.D.. Sandon. B.C  Nels.oii'& Ft. Sheppard  Red,  RAIbWAYS  and  East  The only all rail :%oute without change  fears between Nelson and Bossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Route to Trail Greek  and Mineral District of the  Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,; Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave.  '9:00 a.m.  10:30."  7:30 a.m.  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  Arrive.  5:20 p.m.  3:25   "  6:30 p.m.  Close connection with Steamers for Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle   River and Boundary  Creek connect :it Marcus with staire daily..  West,  Steamer leaves Nakusp every Sunday,   Wednesday   and   Friday  . morning, making close connection  at . Revelstoke; with . trains   for  all points East or West  Before you travel getinformation from  C. P. R.;  Agents as to time and  rates.   It will save you money  Apply to nearest Railway Agent  or to  GEO.. McL. BROW$}  District Passenger Agent,  Vancouver  M. M.McGREGOR, T.P. A., Nelson, B.C Fourth Year.  THE   LEDGE.  3  CANADA   FOB   CANADIANS.  Contractors   Who   Belong    to    Canada  Sore Over-the Action of Certain  Politicians.  Montreal���Canadian contractors at the present time are about the wildest and maddest set of  men in the whole Dominion. For years many of  them who have been large taxpayers in this  country have spent hundreds of thousands of  dollars in the expense of tendering npon Government work, but have never been successful in  getting any, as late ministers seem to have pre-  feired American contractors to Canadians, and  hence a lot of the large contracts let by the late  Government went to American firms, such as  Mr.Clevtlind, A. Onderdonk of Chicago, Charles  Raynor of Syracuse, and others.   Now this made  Canadian contractors, as is only natural, very  angry, especially as  Canadian contractors are  prevented from obtaining United States Govern -  merit contracts, as the U.  S. laws prevent the  awarding of any, Goverment work to contractors  who  are not   full-fledged   American   citizens.  Major McLennan, M. P. for Glengarry,, who is  an old contractor, was waited upon by the contractors and asked to bring in a bill preventing  Canadian Government work from being awardtd  ��� to an v but Canadian citizens, thereby placing  .   Canadian contractors in Canada simply on the  same footing as  American  contractors in the  United States.   This was considered nothing but  what was right and just.    Major McLennan  went so far as "to give notice of the introduction of  a bill but was eventually turned aside from his  purpose by ah ex-minister promising, from his  place in Parliament, that he would see that the  American  contractors   employed   nothing   but  Canadian labor.   The matter then  dropped, as  far as Parliament wasconcerned, but a large  majority of contractors throughout Canada have  remained sore at a certain wing of the late Government eAer since, especially  as they claimed  the statement of this ex-mihisterV did not justify  his action in  allowing -j them as  Canadian contractors to be robbed of their birthright by Americans.   The result was that almost every Contractor who had been a Conserqative heretofore and a  supporter of the late,Government either remained  neuti al or worked for*the downfall of the Con  servative Government last June, not only on account of their American ideas, but because they  also claimed they showed favoritism to one  or  two large firms on account of the wealth they  josessed rather than acting fairto.those who,had  been staunch supporters of the party.(:. hence the  downfall last June of  the Conservative Government was very popular with the contracting  fraternity, and Canadian contractors generally  looked Upon the advent of the Blair administration to the department of railways and canals  with favor, thiuking that Canadian contractors at  least would get .justice.   At present* it looks as if  they were deceived, as now* good Liberal contractors are howling, with disgust. v According to  Ottawa notes in Saturday's Globe, sections 4, 5, 6'  arid 8 of the Soulanges canal, one of the largest  contracts let since Mr. Blair lias taken charge,  has been awarded to "Mr. A. 0?derdonk of Hamilton ."   Contractors claim that Mr. Onderdonk is  not from Hamilton, that he is an American citizen r m Chicago, whojjlias made a lot of money  out oi the Canadian people on C. P. R   contracts,  after which he returned to Chicago and is simply  remaining in this country while he has contracts  on the Trent Valley canal and winding up the  affairs of his contract on the. Hamilton tunnel.  Following close on  the awarding of this large  coritract by Mr- Blair to Mr. Onderdonk, an Am*  merican citizen, is the advertisment for deepening  the difierent sections of the St. Lawrence canals.;  The new Minister, of Railways and Canals has  done someehing unprecedented in asking for de-;  jiosits in the shape of accepted cheques, ranging  from $75,()00 to * 150,000 with each tender.    This,  even Liberal contractors contend, is done for, the  benefit of the favorite few, who received all the  contracts under the late Government and have  laid plans to gobble everything in sight from the  new Government.   With a great deal of truth the  complaining contractors say that it is riot right  for Mr. Blair to ask such large cash deposits with  the tender, rendering it possible only for one or  two firms to bid who have made fabulous fortunes  already out of the people.   It is done, they claim,  with the simple intent- to close any contractors  with moderate means out.   They say it is ridiculous to ask a contractor to put up from ��75,000; to  n50,000 simply for the privilege of tendering on  th3 work.Theysay that not only many com ;jeter.t  contractors are thus prevented from bidding, but  the country is made to suffer by having to pay  higher, prices for the work, by reason of so few  being able to compete; in short'they claim it is  done wiih a purpose, and say  if Mr. Blair is  about to run his department for the benefit of one  or two firms the sooner he makes way for another  the better.   The contractors say the last has not  been heard of this matter.   As a rule they are influential men in the communities where they reside, and  they say they  will make their power  felt.   Many a practical contractor with a capital  $-100,000 can successfully execute a  contract, but  when you take his ^loojooo, or whatever may be  his capital and lock it up in a cheque as a deposit,  you depi ive him of the means of carrying out a  contract.    All Canadian contractors" have   not  made millions out of the people, although there  are lots of men, probably, with only the amount of  capital asked in these deposits, who could successfully and satisfactorily   carry  out any one of  . these contracts as the pec p'.es millionaires, if they  were only given a chance.   While contractors on  the whole are pleased to see certain ex-Ministers  in the cold shades of opposition, where they are  getting a taste of what they gave Canadian contractors, they are bound that Mr A. G Blair will  not be allowed to forget all the Liberal party's  ante election promises as to death to monopolists  and combinesters.   Here is a chance for Major R.  R McLennan, M. P., Mr. M. K. Cowan, M. P.,or  Mr. Taylor, M. P., who are all anxious to show  how patriotic they are~in  defence of Canadian  citizens. He who takes these matters up will have  the   backing of every contractor (save one or  tv;,o), Liberal and Conservative, and they are no  weak body of men.   It is safe to venture the prediction that under the new system of the Govern  ment calling for  tenders whereby   such large  amounts as  ��75,000  to ^150,000 must be deposited  with each tender not more than three or four tenders for each section will be received, as contractors who are worth over a million dollars will be  unable to deposit the S400.000 required to bid on all  the sections;  high  prices will   be   the   result,  the  people wiil  be robbed and   the    ordinary  contractor shut out entirety. The whole thing  savors of a job and if the new Government is  going to run tilings for the benefit of the Onder-  dbnks, Coxes and Jaffrays' and ignore the large  body of men scattered over the Dominion with  probably less money but more influence, they will  ride rapidly on to the same humiliating defeat  meted out by the rank and tile to the ousted ministers. ������'��� .  , .'-'..��� .      ������>..' .��� ; .,  .  Another Field For Drillers.  S. RASHDAJ^L,  Notary Public  FAUQUIER.  From Petrolea have gone forth the pioneers of  petroleum   developments in Austria,  Germany;  Algiers, Burmah, Java, Sumatra, Peru, Italy and  far-away India, and who have introduced the  artesian system of irrigation which has proved of  inestimable value to the herders and ranchers of  Australia. Cur drillers are always on the alert for  new fields to develop, and no difficulties are too  great to deter their enterprise.  Adother gi'eat'fieid which Is to be thoroughly developed is that of Peru. and though some work  has already been done there, it is proposed to conduct future operations on a greater scale.  From that South American country we have  trustworthy information to the effect that Peru is  resolved on becoming an active competitor in the  petroleum trade of the world. The Peruvian oil  fields are enormous in area, occupying some 7200 J  square.miles, and are almost as rich in their de:  posits as those of Pennsylvania, which consists of  only 350 square miles. The territory is being developed rapidly; crude petroleum is now used ex  clusively oh the locomotives of all Peruvian  railroads, and with the introduction of North  American processes of refining and transportation  the Peruvian product will speedily become a  powerful factor in the trade throughout the  world.���Petrolea Topic.  RASHDALL& FAUQUIER  INES& REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDEICCE  P  Canadian Killed in Cuba.  Sir,���Are Canadians cowards ? Henry D,Abre-  yeori, a Canadian, was murdered by Spanish soldiers in Carthagena, Cuba, upon his sick, bed, and  yet our country is silent. There arc thousands of  Canadians in the United States who will take up  arms to protect our fellow countrymen, if you  have none at home.  Canadian Abroad  Shenandoah. Pa., April 5.  Tie PPosBectors' Assay Offlc  Brandon, B. C.  The  Windsor  Restaurant  IN NEW DENVER,  <%r&  Is one of the Best and Aged Cafes  in the-  Silvery Slocan.  It was in operation when  Assay Price List:  Gold, Silver, or Lead,each   Gold, Silver and Lead, combined.....;...  Gold and Silver. !...................  Silver and Lead..........................  Copper (by Electrolysis)...............'.-..  Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead..    Gold and Copper.   Silver and Copper.....-.. ..............  Gold. Silver and Copper........ .....  Platinum..........................  ..  uX-Ci. yUl y >*��� ��������� ������������������ ����������������� ������������������ ��� ��� * ��� ��� ��� ������������  Iron or Manganese....................   Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sul-  y- phur, each........'.   Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each...... ....  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  arid percentage of Coke, if Coking  Terms: '.Cash With .Sample.  June 20th, l��95.  $1.50.  3 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  4 00  2 00  2 50  3 .50  500  2 00  2.00  2 00  4 00  4 0  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  ��  awmi  Having placed some new machinery  in our Mill, we are prepared to fur  nish all kinds of rough and dressed  and Shingles  at Bedueed Prices  Was turned against the country, and, now that the  gloom of the Argonaut days has disappeared, it looms  up brighter than ever as  .... A place where any  . . . . appetite can be satiated.  COME EARLY AND AVOID THE RUSH.  Jacobson & Co,  <%rt  J.R.&D.tameroR  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing  ���: in the : ���  -   Latest Style  ���: of the :���  Tailor's Aft.      i  !h2PL��TH��EE FOEKS & SANDON  /New  Denver  -�����.-��.'��. HAS THE *���/*/%-  PRICE  LIST:  Rough Lumber, narrow,  44'        wide;  Joist and Scantling, sized up to  18 feet long,  8*to24*  24 'to 30 '  Flooring, T & G, 6 "  .1                               .1            4    )>  $10 oo  $11 00 to   12 ..  11 ..  12 ..  13 ..  20 ..  V jc int Ceiling, -��  " Rustic*,  Shiplap,  Surfaced Dressed,  22 ..  22  19 '.'.  14  ..  13 ..  A liberal discount on large orders for Cash,  PETER GENELLE & Co  Best Furnished Rooms.|^In the Dining1  in the Slocan Capital. )��fe     ��� iJ^Rooni every  -A^Mi      attention is paid to guests,        -ff^  and on the tables are placed the best viands obtainable.  MANAGER  JAS. DELANEY,  Agents for B.C. Sugar Refinery and  Royal City Planing Mills.  NAKUSP, B. C.  waMBmMiJiisiBBBBaegasti J_  ���aa*eWJt&*ei  THE   LEDGE,  Fourth  Year.  Published every Thursday.  R.    T.LOWERY,    EDITOR    AND  ���FINANCIER.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:   ]?  Three months .....   ......* .75  Six        .'"',���    ...................J.....; 1.25  X n clVv *......���....���.....*.......������.���������.    �� .\J\J  THREE \ EAR ' ................................ o.OO  Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line first in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every partof the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude.? Get your copy in while it  is hot, and we will do the rest  T aUKSDAY, APRIL 22,   1897.  FALSE   NEWS.  Mining, a Spokane publication, will  have to be more careful with its news  if it would be considered truthful. In  its last issue under the -heading of  Slocan correspondence it prints the  following abortion of facts :���  "Silver Hill and Old Chum.���  These valuable claims owned bv J.  Sullivan, A. York, J. W. Clark and  G-. A. McTaggart were sold early this  month for a large figure to the Silver  Hill Mining Company. It is believed  that this property holds the record for  high assays in the Lemon creek local  ity. One made last week by Howard  West, M.E., of New Denver, gave a  result of ^,678 per ton in gold, in  addition to 107 ounces of silver. They  now have a 120-foot double compartment shaft and sinking to tap the  ledge. They have already tapped  one lead at a depth of 60 feet, The  mine is equipped with first-class machinery, and as soon as the snow goes  off water pipes will be put in and the  mine lighted by electricity. Lumber  is on the road for a new boarding  house and sleeping quarters."  This is rank. There are no, men  any where at work on Lemon creek,  and there was no consideration paid  over when the Silver Hill was transferred and scarcely a dollars worth of  work has been done on these prospects. ;'���-..**  In the same issue of this wrongly  informed journal we find so many  false items in reference to the Slocan  that we would suggest that its editor  learn something about the country  before he prints such bold lies as  appeared in the last issue of his journal. The publication of boom or false  news cannot help and may injure any  country.  high officers. Pratt, the biggest and  laziest editor the country ever had; is  now printing a paper in Seattle. W.  H. C. Jackson, who was sorting ore  at the Slocan Star two years ago, got  into the swim at Kossland and is now  editing one of the best dailies in the  country. Seneca G-. Ketchum has  not rode in a box car for many  months, and has-boozereno to bathe  in. E. A. Coweh, who went around  the world with Ijim Bl*in e, has'struck  the camp and will no doubt try to  teach the rest of' the world movers  that he is king of the pen. Most of  the offices in Kootenay are putting in  more machinery and it is rumored  that the greatest nuisance we have in  the profession is about to enlarge his  plant at Slocan City by the addition  of a blacksmith bellows. The small  kind is not large enough.  to papers or people stealing news that  costs us money to procure we do not  like to see the said news used inYSUCh  a coarse ma nner to further the booming of real estate in one Slocan town  at the expense of much more solid  towns in other parts of the district.  A   BEAUTIFUL   BAIT.  ADVICE   TO   PILGRIMS.  As a bright light attracts-  PROSPEROUS   PRINTS.  Newspaper men seem to do well  in this Kootenay of ours. John Houston, once a tramp printer is now  mayor of the Chappie town of Nelson.  Dade Thompson, who nearly starved  in Sprague, is now living on chicken  at Trail and blowing about the vast  business he is doing. Dave King,  who left Spokane with a paper collar  and his nerye, is now proprietor of  the greatest paper in Kaslo, and is  the second greatest man in Canada.  He has built up Kaslo; saved the  country from ruin and if his gall holds  out he will soon be the sassiest editor  on earth. D, B. Bogle who can cut  deeper with a pen than he can with a  sword has recently attracted the at.  tention of our sleepy Government by  his 1 iterary stabs at the doings of its  moths to  its flame, so do the riches and fame  of Kootenay attract thousands of people anxious to better their fortunes.  We. would like to make a few remarks upon the rush to Kootenay.  It is true that the district is a rich  *  one, but its inhabitants cannot support all the paupers, drones, hoboes  and broken people of America.  It is. true that Kootenay has plenty  of gold and silver, but it is in the solid  formation and cannot be picked up  from the roadside like shells from the  ocean's shore.  It is true that there is plenty to do,  but every job has more than one man  for it.  It is true that living is comparatively  high and that the man with only a  nickle or two is strictly not in it.    v  It is true that fortunes can be madej  but seldom without capital to start  with, or extraordinary^ luck.  To the pilgrims and tenderfeet who  are thinking-of coming to this glorious country we would say :  Have mone j in plenty or an assured situation Detofe voti bid the folks  adieu. If you don't yon may have  to sleep in the street and ehe\\r scenery for breakfast" -  Do not come out hei'e and expec t  that you are smarter than the natives.  Some of the brightest minds on earth  breathe the ozone in Kootenay and it  ts hard to keep even with them.  If you have failed everywhere else  do not expect to be any better here,  and you will not be disappointed.  If you are tough and ordered to  leave your conimunitv do not come at  all. You will find competition too  keen.  If you have little money but plenty  of manhood and are composed of the  same stuff as the trail blazers of this  great country, come along. You will  win in the end provided you do not  bond yourself to boozereno, cards and  the woman in red.  The Tacoma Ledger dates a lot of  news from Slocan City and mixes up  the news of several Slocan towns in  such a way as to give the impression  that it all happened in Slocan City.  Most of the items were stolen from  The Ledge.    While we do not object  Here is a beautiful bait now  Wangling before the stock certificate  gatherers in the east. It is to be seen  iil the news columns of papers that  m ig lit be cal led journalistic prostitutes.   This is the bait : ���  ibex will Advance again,  Owing to the enormous quantity of  high-grade ore blocked out at the Ibex  mine���nearly two million dollars  worth���the directors feel justified in  announcing another advance in the  treasury snares, of which only a few  remain unsold. The advance will  take place May 10, .and will set the  price at forty cents. It is expected  that the 'shares will reach a high  figure this summer, as the company  is now in a position to ship largely  and continuously.  Isn't that lovely ?  Just think of it! Only 40 cents a  share and nearly two millions in  sight. Some departmental store,  ought to put this stock on its bargain  counter. How the suckers would  rush for it, in their mad desire to  obtain such a snap. Something should  be done in this matter. No company  can afford to give away such a fortune and still pay for fine ads. Why,  it is a greater bargain than those fellows in New York offer when they  advertise to send you nice greenbacks  for 10 cents on the dollar. We trust  the directors of this wonderful two-  million-in-sight proposition' will not  bankrupt themselves in order to show  the world how generous they are.  at NEW DENVER,  or REVELSTOKE.  Spring Stock of  Scotch Tweeds  just arrived. Inspect them before  placing your orders elsewhere.  Nelson, B. C.  Full Line  of Suiting's and  Trouserings always on hand.  The  This property is situated on  Mountain  Between the "Lilly B"mid  '' Two Friends" and is under  -   Active  Development.  It consists of a small compact  ledge carrying Dry Ore, the  Paystreak of which varies  from four to eighteen inches.  It is what is known as a  "grass roots" property, as it  outcrops at the foot of the,hill  and can be traced about one  thousand feet with the trend  of the hill, until it gives a  vertical depth of six hundred  feet from its lowest outcrop.  This is proven by numerous open cuts and a tunnel  thirty feet in length run in  on ledge. Out of this tunnel  was taken  9 ���  A sample sack, taken and  sorted the same asore sorters  sample for smelter shipments  raged  201 oz.  and *~>Cm QoI(J#  Property open to inspection  any time.'  It is almost a certainty that  when it is properly opened  up it will pay reasonable  dividends.    '  W&Pltai of the  company is J200, 000  divided into 400,000 shares  of the par value of 50 cents  each, 100,000 shares of which  are for development.  ���Title clear; Bill of Sale  direct from owner to Company.  With its low capitalization  and the reasonable certainty  of its becoming a profitable  property it should be a  investment.  good  Treasury shares are" now  for sale at 15C per share  and your money goes for development of the property  only.  The Regina Mining Co,  o Slocan, Ltd Liability.  Suckling Bros., Slocan City,  Rashdall & Fauquier, New Denver  Agents. Fourth Year.  THE   LEDGE.  5  .FOK   CANADA'S .DEFENCE,  SI vis pacem para"bellum is a very old truth  and was never more surely demonstrated tlmn it  is to day in regard to England's political relations  with foreign powers, yet, notwithstanding such  evidence) according to an interviews with Mr.  Laurier, by the correspondent of the London  Dail Mail published in the Montreal Witness,  the Prime Minister of Canada is reported to have  ,;;'said:���'..' . '. ���������''  "I do not sympathise with the Duke of Devonshire's Imperial defence scheme; it is not within  the bounds of practical politics here, Iu time of  war Canada's arm;is at the service of the empire;  but in time of peace no Canadian Minister could  raise a cent for war purposes^''  This statement ".ertaiuly requires V explanation  as we have hitherto in Canada always been will'  lug to do what we could in the way of defensive  preparations for war^ as a part of the British E m-  pire. Are we now to understand that nothing  more is to be done in tins direction by the Government which is now in power at Ottawa? for if  there ever was a time when it behooves Canada to  ���'������put her defensive organisation in order it is this  present hour, when the ^'hai^Yi'iting on the wall"  , warns us of the certainty of war in the near fu-  ture. when the dismemberment of Turkey takes  place, and the* whole of the British Empire will  be involved in the gigantic struggle for holding  our own.       y       '  Lord Salisbury guite recently said: " At the  present time organised government has distinctly  lost force, and public opinion has gabled power.  Therefore,it will be increasingly important that  idi  public opinion should be rightly guided."  In this connection, then, we are given to understand that the Imperial War Office authorities  have recently forwarded to Ottawa a, complete  scheme of defence for Canada, as proposed by the  Colonial Defence Commission, to meet all eventu-  olities that may arise through war with any nations of Europe or the United States.  This document is, of .course, considered confi-  dentlakso that its contents cannot be made public Still, it does not require much miliary edu*  <; cation to understand;that in any conflict with an  European power-the .places to be guarded are  Halifax, Quebec and Esquimalt, the tirst and last  ' being coaling stations In addition to dockyard  and liarbors Of refugejand the Ancient Capital as  the key of the Sfc Lawrence and the west.  The importance of the defence at Halifax has,  ���l>een entirely undertaken at the cost ol Great  ��� Britain, being so necessary to naval supremacy  on the Atlantic, while the Pacific station at  Esquimalt is being made into a defensive coaling  depot and dockyard, as quickly as the limited  funds at the disposal of Canada can be supplied.  Quebec, however, the key of Canada, is relegated  to a policy of drift in a tideway of stormy jabber���  windy journalismy as general Sti-ange used to describe the situation���and possibly the change of  political wind aiid tide may keep the good old  .ship from going ashore on the rocks for a time  '���' yet:'-;.-" yy-.   '���  In the early sixties,a commission with Col. Jer-  vois, JR.E., Inspector General oJ Fortifications, at  its head,, was sent out from England to rep rt on  the defence of Canada, the* result of which was the  passing of the Canada Defence Act, which later  on we asked permission to abrogate, and apply  the money therein proposed to be raised for the  defence works of Montreal to making preliminary  snrveys for the Canadian Pacific Ry.  At that time England had undertaken to pro  vide for the entire defence works.of Quebec, consisting of a chain of seven forts, to be be built at a  sufficient perimeter around the city to ensure its  safety from the longest range ordnance that could  be brought against it, and also undertook to maintain the necessary garrison.  Might we not to-day, with propriety, ask England to fulfill her part of the bargain, seeing that  sin-e we have constructed the Canadian Pacific  Railway at an enormous cost, which has really  been a greater addition.to the defence' bl the em  pire than ever the forts at Montreal would have  been, the rion-eoristruction of which by Canada  caused the abandonment of the Quebec works and  the withdrawal of the garrison in 1871.  We could not spare from our active militii. any  considerable bodies of men to be shut up in detached forts throughout the country. Besides a  passive defence is worth little. Therefore, it is  clearly our duty to spend all the money that can  be spared upon organising the militia as a mobile  field force that cau be used anywhere, and if we  can carry the war into the enemy's country by  sea and land so much the better; not that I advocate a military despotism; it is the greatest of  curses; but to the splendid old feudal system of  our ancestors, which was military in its origin, we  owe much of our manly discipline and capacity  for ceftnee.  Train our militia to march us regiments and  companies, and to shoot well. See that they are  well officered with officers that know their work,  that are educated in the profession of arms, and  can lead their men with skill, for wherever you  get officers who can do this you will get men to  "follow, and as Lord Wolesley said in Edinburgh  a few days ago:���''The training involved in all  this preparation for war is an invigorating antidote against that luxury and effeminacy which  destroys nations as well as individuals This national training keeps healthy and robust the manhood ol a State, and in saving it from degeneration nobly serves the cause of civilisation."���  Lieut.-Col-Turnbull in the Canadian Military  Gazette..   SOME   SIMPLE   TESTS.  or distilled water, and allow it to settle. If cloudy  the solution must be filtered. " If clear, carefully  pour off the solution from the sediment.into three  portions iu three different glasses. Add to one  portion a lew drops of common salt, solution of  muriatic acid. This will precipitate lead and silver, if any, as a white chloride: add the salt solution until the precipitation ceases. Pour off the  solution arid wash the precipitate with boiling  water; this will dissolve if lead, leaving the silver  in the residue; pour off the solution from the precipitate, arid add ammonia to, the precipitate,  which will dissolve it if silver. .The chloride of  silver, if exposed to the sunlight, turns to a darker  shade of color than the chloride of lead, and in  that case will riot dissolve in ammonia. It should,  therefore, be done quicldy and under cover.  Gold���To the original and undissolved ore add  (aqua regia) one part nitric to two parts hydrochloric (muriatic) acid to cover the ore. Digest  for half an hour gently over a lamp, add water  until cool, and place in a glass or test club. Now  add a few drops of chloride of tin solution; if gold  a purple color will be shown���"The Purple of  Cassius." Thi3, on shaking- if too much of .the  chloride has not been addecf, will disappear. Add  a little sulphate of iron solution, and it will forma  brown precipitate, which will not disappear on  shaking. .  Copper���Add ammonia to a portion of the first  solution, and if copper is present it will give a  blue color.  Iron���Add to another portion of the first solution a little Of the ierror cyanide of potassium solution (yellow pru3Siate of potash). If iron is present a deep blue color will be shown (Prussian  blue). ���   .  y    Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund   :    :     6,000,000.00  ;    Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40  Sir Donald A. Smith, G.C. M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E.S.Clouston, General Manager,  A. Macnider, Chief Inspector & Supt. of Branches.  ���     A. B. Buchanan, inspector of Branch returns.  W. S. Clouston,  Assistant Inspector.  '������'.�������������� James Aird, Secretary.    .  Branches ia all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver Branch  A general banking business transacted  WM. BENNISON,  JNO. COVER.  H. E. COVER.  0f Diamonds,  Watches,  Je*oueii?y,  Clocks,  Silvetfuuaire,  ifc, Bte.  nox's  New Denver.  We make a special rate on hotel and  restaurant silverware. Everything  warranted.  Branches-  Everett. Wash.  39 Upper Brook St., London,  Members of the Rowland Stock Exchange  and Board of Trade.  Cable Address���"Bennison."  Moretngand Neal,  Clough's (new and old),  Bedford McNeill,  and ABC Codes  WM. BENNISON  & CO., ROSSLAND, B.C.  DEALERS IN jyj j ^ ��g  flNDMINING SECURITIES  E solicit correspondence with parties having*,  meritorious mining properties for sale, and  beg to say that we have connections in the  principal Sities of Canada, England and the United  States, and are in daily receipt of inquiries tor  developed mines and promising prospects.  How the Prospeectoi- May Tell   the   Wa-  tnr�� of lxis Find.  ;: The terminus of the Slocan  River Railway, the busi-  y ness centre for Springer  and Lemon creek min es,  which are already shipping  ore. Lots in this the most  promising and beautifully  situated town in West  Kootenay.  SUCKLING  \\ \j ^5 B Slocan City,��� Rossland,  ��� Toronto.  The  In active mining operations and reduction of ores,  and a knowledge of the different mining districts of  BvC, enables us to furnish reliable and competent  information pertaining to mines.and mining matters.  References given. ������*>  Vancouver Sash & Door Co,,  The Mining and Electric News gives some tests  for lead, silver, gold, copper and iron ores.  Lead and silver.���Take a piece of the ore to lie  examined, powder it and pass it through a fine  sieve. Take 25 grains, or thereabouts of the powdered ore, place it on an iron spoon, and roast  until no smell of sulphur arises. Plaee the samples  in an evaporating pan aud add twice the quantity  of nitric acid, diluted with boiled rain, snow, ice  Amalgamated with Genelle & Co.  Prepared to furnish  ough and Coast Dressed Lumber,  Sash & Doors, Moulding, Finishings, Etc.  Office, Warehouse and Yard:   NAKUSP.  JL B. McGHIE, Local manager  Shops at  Sandon,  Nelson,   Kaslo,  Ainsworth and Quartz Creek.  MRS. W. W. MERKLEY.  ���ISTErW"   JDSllS-Vm'EL,  Has always on hand a large stock o  Dry and Fancy Goods,  Millinery and" '  Gents'. Furnishings.  Nakusp, B.C.  Turner, Beeton & Co.  Wholesale Merchants, Shippers and Importers.  VICTORIA,   B.C.  LONDON,   ENG.  Kootenay Branch���NELSON, B. C.  A large stock of all sized bag;s always on hand in Nelson w,  6  THE   LEDGE.  Fourth  Year.  At de WigrginV  Niggas all conjinin* high,  Swing dat fiddle bow .  Watch me catch Lucindy's eye,  Ef my trottahs don't git stuck  Dan em' of dis Mobile buck,  Bus'dat niga's hat fo'luck-  Swing dat fiddle-bow.  She walk home with yallah Jim,  Swing dat fiddle bow;  'Low she raddah go wif him,  Swing dat fiddle bow,  See me shuffle 'cross de flo'  CJpan'down an'roun'dedo',  But she won't do hit'no mo',  Swing dat fiddle bow.  Know she's lookin'by ma bones,  Swing dat fiddle how;  Sashay reuu' Mtes Susie Jones,!  ��������������� Swing dat fiddle bow.  Susie smile an'huh eye,  Rah me haid mos' to de sky,  Know Lucindy's "bout to die,  Swing dat fiddle bow.   .  Oh, ma feet dey feel so light,  Swing dat fiddle bow ;  See me wirigin'; ain't I right ?  Swing dat fiddle bow. *  How Luciiidy's eyes stick out,  Feels so glad I wants to shout,  O I knows what I's about,  Swing dat fiddle bow.  c Dab she's comin' 'cros^dls way.  Swing dat fiddle bow;  Wondan what she goin' to say,  Swing dat fiddle bow.  "Zeph, ain't I yo honey chile?"  Whoop! ma ha't jump fawty mile,  See dis nigg how he smile,       ���  Swing dat fiddle bow.  Lady, am yeu talk tb me ?  , Swing dat fiddle bow :'���.  "Zeph ain 11 yo honey bee ?  Swing dat fiddle bow.  Den I grab ma honey sweet,  Dis heah nigga cahrt be beat,  Swing dat fiddle bow.  Know I win ma lady back,  Swing dat fiddle bow; *  Y allah Jim he git de sach,  Swing dat fiddle bow;  Heah dis gemman laugh an' sing,  Goin' to buy a weddhr ring,  All on account that fiddle string.  LONESOME.  ���~dat; fiddle bow.  -Frand Markward.  A New Concentrator.  Mining men;are much interested in a hew gold  and silver concentrator that has made its appear*:  ance in Chicago and >s shortly expected to hiater-  ialise around tailing dumps in the west. The ma  chine is built much on the plan of the well-known  Delavel cream separator. A small dish, on which  the auriferous slimes are fed by a pipe, is revolved  at the rate of several thousand revolutions a min.  ute and the lighter elements are thrown off, en-  t irely freeing the metallic portion. <-' A test of the  machine recently made in Nevada demonstrated  tliat it actually saved ihe entire assay value of the  heap of tailings treated. Another marvel is the  speed of the process, the test noted having been  made at the-- rate of 200 tons of tailings per day.  Perhaps the only drawback to this process is the  difficulty of securing adequate power. Though  the machine that' runs the 2o0 tons per day is a  very small affair, easily to be transported, not less  than fifty horse power is requirad for oporation.  A Rich. Man.  '������������'.���������������������'.���.-���'  J. D. Rockefeller has an annual income of $8,-  GOO.OOO. That is jus $23,562a day, or not. quite  $1000 an hour. On the basis of eight hours a day  he makes just $49 v minute,  According to the United States census reports  the average wcges of the Avorkingman of the  country is $22 a week.  Rockefeller gets $49 a minute, and the laborer  i?ets $22 a month.   Rockefeller has a good time;  the laborer has a ��� of a time.   Rockefeller  lives like a prince in a palace; the laborer lives in  a hovel, which is not eyen his.  Fate (?) a?sigus to one man less than a dollar a  day while working, while another has an income  of ?r5() a mimii-e without working. Is that justice?.  Rockefeller gets as much in one day as 25,000  workingmen. Is he worth as much? Does his  services to mankind entitle him to such reward ?  Does he create 25,000 times as much or does he  work 25.000 times as hard as 25;0O0 laborers ?���N.  Y. World.  The Triumph of Wrong.  Mother's gone a visitin' to spend a month or two,  An'  oh, the house  is lonesome iez a nest whose  birds has flew        ���  Toother tree to build ag*in : the rooms seem jest  so bare,  That the echoes run like sperrits from the kitchen  (to the stair. ,  The shutters flap more laz3r like,'n what they used  ���   to do, ��� '   . -. V y   ,  Since mother's gone a visitin' to spend a montli or  ': tWO.   '    < ' '    li ���  We've killed the fattest chicken an' we've cooked  her to a turn ;  We've made the richest gravy,  but I jest don't  .      ������ give a dura,    V> ,  J For nothln' that I-drink er eat, er nothii.' that I  see  The food ain't got the pleasant taste it  used *to  have tome.  They's somep'n stickin' in my throat ez tight ez  hardened glue,  Sence mother's gone a visitin' to spend, a month  or two.  The hollyhocks air jest ez pink, they're double  .  ones at that.  A.n'Iwuz proudu* of 'em that a baby of a cat.  But now now I don't go near 'em, thoug they nod  and blush.at me,  Fur they's somep,n seems to gall me in their keer-  , less sort o' glee.  An'all theirfrien'ly  noddin' an' their blushin'  ��������� seems to say:  "You're purty lonesome John, old boy, sence  mother's gone away."  The neighbors ain't so frien'ly ez it seems they'd  Wort to be;  They seems to be a bokin'kinder sidewaps like  at me,  A-kinder feared tha'd tech me off ez if I wuz a  match.  An' all because 'at mother's gone an' I'm a-keep-  in'batch!  I'm shore I don't do nothin' worse 'n what I used  to do,  'Fore mother went a visitin' to spend a month or  ertwo.  * ���*  The sparxers ac's more fearsome  like. an'   won't  hop quite so near,  The  chrichet's  chirp is sadder an' the sky ain't  half so clear;  When ev'nin' comes I sot an' smoke tell my eyes  .'    began to swim,  An'things aroun' commence to look  blurred an'  faint an' dim.  Well, I guess I'll have to own  up   'at I'm  feeli'  purty blue,  Sence mother's gone a visitin' to spend a  month  .or to.;  ���Paul Laurence Dunbar.  ONE OF EAOH.  Nails, Ore Sacks, Coal, Hardware, Canned Goods,  Iron and Steel, Hay,    Green Vegetables,   Oats,  Groceries, besides the many smaller lots coming in   ,  daily.   We invite you all.    Low prices for cash.  THREE FORKS      WM-   HUNT ER   & CO.,      SILVERTON  Hereafter it will be advisable for all parties  especiall bu .iness men, to provide themselves with  envelopes containing their printed names, and instructions to the postmaster on the upper left hand  corner of the envelope, as under the new postoffice  regulations undalivered letters will not in the fu-  turebe returned to the writer unless so ordered b^  the printed instructions on the corner. Written  instructions on the corner will not even do.  -:THE:-  gan House.  ;       McGUIGAN, B.C.  Best house in the City.  Good-accomodation for the  oscillating public.  BONGARD & PEICKART.  AMOS THOMPSON, W. D. MITCHELL  Manager. Secretary.  r. b. Thompson, Notary Public.  ^^%%^%^ ^%^  JS7V/ND0/M  -Tliis   _>T��"W"  ._H_o*use,-  With the old name, is well equipped to accomodate a large number of Guests.   The building is  plastered and the rooms are unsurpased for comfort in the Slocan, while in tbe  Dining Room can be found the best food in the market.  ROBERT   OXJ2ST3Sri_Sra-  ���Proprietor  Detroit Tribune. '  I shall vet set myself right before the world,  cried the heroine.  Ha, ha, laughed the uillain.  Yet he did not know how her purpose could be  defeated. However, he did not despair. Perhaps  the police would decide the show was immoral  and stop it before the last act.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  Mines and Mining* Properties for  sale. Abstracts, Conveyancing, &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co.  of London, Eng.  KASLO CITY.  The Clifton House,  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a large number of people. The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything in the market.  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  B.C-  Only a Little One.  Visitor���I am grieved to learn of your mistress'  illness: Nothing serious���no great cause for  alarm, I trust ?  The New French Maid���, monsieur, nozzing  big, nozzing grande. Something���what you call  little, petite. What zay cad w�� lpetle���small���  smallpox..  The only Practical Watchmaker in the Kootenay District. Orders by mail "eceive promp  attention.  ALL WORK GUMANTEED  The new addition to the   o  THIS TOWNSITE, is situated a mile  nd a half from the well-known GALENA FARM  MINES, and having an unchallenged monopoly  of the trade of ���  is now on the Market.  LELAND  HOUSE  Makes it one of the Largest and most  Comfortable Hotels in Kootenay.  MRS. D. A. McDougald.  jsta.k:xjs_p,       -      -        bo.  For lots apply to  !\TEW DENVER, B, C. Fourth Year.
THE   LEDGE.
TTOWARD WEST,
Assoc. RS M, London, Eng
MINING ENGINEER,      -a-.r*.
ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,: •;-
& ASSAYER.
■■'■•     » Wt ■■/■'■■'"..'. •   :'.;_.-■■     ■'■■   ..■'.; ■■: -;■•,'..} m
.Properties: examined   arid reported on   for !n»
tending purchasers. ;
What   Neil > Remark*.
Assay office and Chemical Laboratory,
vue ave, New Denver, B C.
(
1 WILLIM & JOHNSON,
J (McGill)
Mining Engineers
& Analy-Ohemists.
Slocan
City,
B.C
.ijLi
DRISCOLL, C. E.,
Dominion & Provincial
Land Surveyor.        \"
Correspondence solicited.
QVL WOODWORTH,  M.A., LL,B.
NOTARY PUBLIC, i
CONVEYANCE!i, E-,c,
Brandon^ Slocan City; B.C. ;
XT   T. TWIGG, !
Provincial Land Surveyor.
JNew uenver,
a C
Mineral claims, mines, timber limits,-etc, surveyed
-\T : W. BRUNER, M. D i
, Physician. & Surgeon.   ■
 Sandon, B.C. -  .
Calls from a distance promptly ■ attended to. •- '
D
R. A. S. MARSHALL.
Dentist.
Kaslo, B C
Graduate of- American College of Dental Surgery
Chicago • y ;.! f
J    0. CRAWFORD,
\T-MINING.and
REAL . ESTATE BROKER,
. Mines in the Trail Creek District
for sale on Stocking* or Bonding
basis. Office:.TRAIL, B.C.-
i ■
;.  '	
i Ex-Alderman 'Hewitt, in writing from Ross-
laud, B.< C.v>tohis brother in this: city, speaks of
the situation put therein thiejfollowing terms:
I have been very well all winter; it? surprise8
me. I must be wiry, as tbe great climatic change
has not affected me like it has a great many more
ithis::;whetter. Rheumatism has been .prevalent
and some big stromg fellows have been pulled to
pieces with it; I have now lived nearly 4000 feet
up in the air for over six months, and it appears
i      to have agreed with me.   Things are about tbe
i:     same as when I wrote you last.   We are getting
Belle-   through the winter and expect a lively spring.
The snow is new six-to eight feet deep  on the
£      mountainsi. It is impossible: to prospect, so the
~T~   town is full of men who pioneer the development
of the mining industry in this country, all; wait-
i • •   ing a chance to explore and discover new wealth.
i They are rough, but nature's noblemen. Their
hardships bring ease: tj<-others, and very seldom
=totliemselves; as they ai*e the prey of speculators
and wealth. <Jtsuppose this;mustlief so-; as they
know nothing, but tonoughit, and give up what
they-find?for.ycry little money. WSfou see some
very curious .characters in a mining camp.: [If
one were, a novelist he would be at no loss for
material,mo fiction but/reality; ; You see from:the
hobo. .the. rubber-necfc curber; the fakir, tbe
agents ;of English-./millionaires,• the',,■'Arnerican
mine owners and experts. .;       j
•; You say? that- many, enquire of -yOu about the
pros.ject's. of Vwvrk. AVell, ,.you may readily see
that a mining eamp; does not provide the same
diversity of work as commercial centres do.   The
work here on which everything else  depends; is
mining, and as development increases 'pracvieal
miners will always be in demand.    Carpentering
is themevt best best, h-ade as ./people must have
houses; .Then  the store ^business   is   in   need
of clerks..-. Gyod engineers will be wanted, and
some machinists,as the different* plants are put
In. -Outside of-these;'trades-'you .could not expect1
much.  .Wehaye afullY supplyof.:•■ professional-
men,■lawyers', ■■■' doctors.: etc • Yousee from the
above what class should stay away if they have
nothing to depend upOn but their labor. We have
no manufactories here, so you see by the development of this wonderful country Ontario and the
east will benefit-their., manufactories Vahd make
work for her men, and not being an agricultural
country Manitoba arid N. W.;T. will benefit by
this maiket with their supplying products.   You
see then what interest the rest of Canada should
take in the rapid development of the wonderful
resources of British Columbia, which I believe') if
only, (handled aright and taken hold of and encouraged byiour governments, will make Canada
second  to* none in natural wealth in the world.
.Our mining, regions are the vastest yet discovered,
capable of'n employing -,■■ millions: of people whojse
work would not clash  with .other labor in our
country,ibut on the(other,haridrequire the work
of their hands for -their support while*they were
producing the wealth irom nature's treasury to
pay them.   Let onr Government then see .to it
while the world is cry ing lor , gold that they do
everything wisely to get our machinery in order,
so that we can profit by taking •advantage of that
cry, and making the mining industry the basis 'of
Can adiaii enterprise; then you will see bur easteiw
manufactories hum and our unemployed engaged.   The poor farmer would be called upon to feed
us and their mortgages would disajmear.   This'is
'thevision I see if "the people will only have ifaith
and our>Goverument protect our interests by seeing that transportation is done ffoni one end of the
■country: to tho other at rea^nable rates. We don't
want-poor railways but we-do want them under
■such control as not to take all the profits from the
producers at either erid;, and for this reason Tliope
the-Government  won't' neglect the opportunity
theyhaveof insisting on fair play- We must have
it or you will hear something drop, because this
western; country is fast filling up; with determined
men who know a thing or two.   The emigration
i« setting in this way and in a short time will sur-
pr-ise^the world.   Send us lots of money from Oil**;
.tario.":y:ou^vill reap direct and indirect benefits
beyond expectation by loy ally assisting us in every
way.   Canada is coming to the front.: Itlsttie
turning point.   Shehasgiveh her sons away long
enough.   Now they are returning.,. I have met'
hardy Canadian boys here who have been away,
for years, and they say they are glad to return,
and besides them thousands of Americans are
coming this way.   Those people are all consumers
CERTIFICATE  OF   REGISTRATION OF A
FOREIGN COMPANY.
"Companies Act,"Part IV., and amending Acts
"Los Vegas Mining Company," (Foreign.)
I
Registered the ,10th day of March, 1807.   •
HEREBY CERriFYthat I have this day reg-
_ istered the "Los Vegas Mining Company"
(Foreign), under the •'Companies Act," Part IV.,
"Registration of Foreign Companies,'-' and amending Acts. |
The head office of the said Company is situated
at the City of Tacoma State of - Washington, TJ.
S. A.
The objects for which the.Company.Is established are:—To work, bond, buy, sell,* lease, locate
and deal in mines, metals and mineral properties
of every kind and description within the United
States and the Province of British Columbia;
Canada; to own, buy,sell, hypothecate and deal
in mining stocks; to bond, buy, sell, lease, locate,
and hold ditches and flumes and water-rights.;, to
construct, lease, buy, sell and operate mills, concentrators, smelters, reduction works, mining
machinery of every description; to buy,,boi)d,
lease, sell, build and operate railroads, ferries,
''tramways,-and other means of transportation for
transporting ore .and-'mining- material: to own,
bond, buy, sell, lease, and locate timber and timber claims; and finally to do everything consistent, proper, and requisite for the carrying out of
the objects and perposes aforesaid in tneir fullest
and broadest sense. y     , j'
The capital .stock of the said Company is one
million dollars, divided into one million shares^ oi
the par value of one dollar each. : ,
Given under my hand and seal of office at Victoria, Province or British Columbia, this 10th day
of March, 1897. ' ''■;'.-■.'! '.
"    S:Y.WC0TT0N, y
Apr. 15 Registr£.r of Joint Stock Companies
No.408/  .'     ' . ' .■■: :   V-.•',,;•-.
CERTIFICATE  OF REGISTRATION OF?A
FOREIGN COMPANY.
NOTICE.
"VTOTICE is hereby given;that sixty days after
J3i date I intend to apply to the Chief Commi-i-
sioner of JUands a»d Worj-csfor permission to pur
chase two hundred and forty (240) acres of land,
situated near the junction of Upper Eight Mile
creek with Lower Eight Mile creek, Slocan lake,
West Kootenay - and described as iollows:—Commencing at a post planted on the west bank of
Upper. Eight mile creek, thehce. north 60 chains;
thence east 40 /chains; thence south, GO chains;
thence west 40 chains to the place of commencement.
R. B. KERR.
Dated cth April, 1807
np8-juS
NOTICE.
• Companies Act." Part IV., and amending Acts.
VTOTICE is hereby given that application will be
LI made to the Legislative Assembly of thy Province of British Columbia at its; present session
f or anAet to incorporate a > company for the purpose of supplying water, and generating electricity for the supply of light, power, and neat to the
inhabitants oi Silverton, B. G.y and to mines,
towns and residents within a radius of twenty
miles from said towns, and for these purposes to
take and divert at any point or points on Fourmile
Creek or its tributaries so much of the water of
the same as may be necessary or proper lor supplying water, and for generating and supplying
electricity to consumers; andfto construct, maintain and -operate a-telephone systemwithin the
said radius; and for all such rights,
privileges as may be necessary for
the objects aforesaid.       '
Dated at New Denver, B. C. the 18th day of
March, A.D. 1897.
R. B.KERR,
mh25 97 Solicitor for the applicants
powers, and
carrying on
NOTICE;
L. H Mining Company" (Foreign).
APPLICATION    FOR*  LIQUOR   LICENSE.
T   ABRIEL
T.
NAKUSP,  B.C.
REAL ESTATE,
MINES and INSURANCE,;;;
Special .attention paid to properties
on Cariboo Creek. -
THE SILVERTON MINER'S UNION
X No. 71,
"W-.   _?. .;*_*£■..■
Meets every. Saturday night. '.",.)
C.  McNICHOLLS,   President.
CHAS.  BRAND, Secretary.
I)
and truly Jit can be said at last that the United
States-.will retuau as-many to Canada as Canada
gaveher. ,Ihope that they will be as good.    :   '
R.'A. MILLOY
De-ntist.
Office
Blacks Hotftl,
SANDON B.O.
Same in fLootenay.
By an unfortunate misunderstanding I appear
to have given: you the impression that labor ; is
scarceiiniRat. Portage, says the Rat Portage correspondent in the Winnipeg Free Press.   The direct-contrary- is the ease and-the crowds daily arriving can at present find little else to do than
parade up one side of Main Street and down the
other.* Moreover men are coming in from the*
lumber and tie camps.   The roads between the
town and the mines are to a great extent impassable, the lake is covered with water, no: prospecting can. be done at least for a month; ■ and there
will be no opening up of new^ properties for at least
six weeks.   Good miners are the only individuals
who should venture into Rat Portage at present.,
Of unskilled labor there is any amount.    Of lawyers, doctors, serveyors and assayers there are
too many.   In a month from now navigation will
be open. The seeker fcr work will then, as I have
before pointed out. be able to live under canvas,
and live for a month on what he now spends in a
week.   I am writing this by request for the purpose of preventing, the arrival ot unskilled or skill
ed labor for which at present, at least, there is no
outlet.   Anyone, however, who has witnessed the
opening up of a new country will realize the futility iOf attempting to prevent the crowding of
useless material to the front.    Here am I warning
the outsider-not to come here  for six weeks—at
least six weeks.   The outsider reads the warning
and, makes, up his mind to come immediatel y in
order to avoid the rush.   So it always has been
since the beginning, so it will be to the end.
Registeredthe 10th day of March, 1897.   J
T HEREBY CERTIFY, that.I have this day
■JL..; registered the "Li H. Mining Company •'..'(For-"
eign); under the "Companies' Act," Part IV.,
-.'.'. Registi*ation of. Foreign Companies,'' "ah'd
amending Acts. ; ; > ,.
The head office of the .said Company is -situated
at the City of Tacoma, State of Washington,
.U.S.A."•:'■■.'•', ■■-■  -V, V.":'.:. Y  -,W'
The objects for which the Company is establish-
■ed-are:-r :' ■ ::.-;
: To work, bond; buy, sell, lease, locate, and deal-
in mines, metals, and mineral property of every
kind and description withinVthe United States anil
the Province of British; Columbia, Canada; ■ jto
own, buy, sell, hypothecate and deal in mining
"stock; to bondj buy,. lease,:: locatcj and* hold
ditches', • and flumes, and water: rights-;• to construct, lease, buy sell, and operate mills, concentrators, smelters, reduction works; aiid mining
machinery of every description; to buy, j bond,
lease, sell, build and operate railroads; ferries,
tramways and other means of transportation, for
transporting ores and mining; material; to own,
bond, buy, sell, lease, and locate timber claims ;
and finally, to do everything • consistent, proper
and requisitei for the carrying out of the object
and purposes aforesaid, iii their fullest and broadest extent.   l .":'. i  •
TheV ca])ital stock of the said Company is one
mill ion doll a rs, divided into oi le mil lion sh ares of
the par value of one dollar each,
Gi yen: under any. h an d-:an d * seal of tjmce, a t Vic>
soria-, Province of British Columbia, thisioth day
of March, 1897. :f^
[I., s.] S. Yy WOOTTON,
,.:., Registrar of Joint Stock-Companies.
api5- ■-. :■':'."." \
NOTICE is hereby given that the undersigned
will, at the expiration of thirty davs, apply to
the Stipendiary Magistrate,' of .West". Kooteha v
district; foiva license to sell liquor by retail at his
hotel, at the mouth of Lemon creek, In the said
district of West Kootenay.' ,    ';";.■"■
0 H. Lamukut.
Dated this 6th day of April, 1897. aplo-myi5
NGTICEv
Dissolution of Partnership,
"VTOTICE is hereby given, that the partnership of
u Hunter & McKinnon, and Hunter;McKinnon
& Co,, hitherto doing business at Silverton, B. C,
and Three Forks, B. C, have been dissolved. A11
debts due these linns are to be paid to William
Hunter and Co., who will also pay all the debts of
these firms. v
Hunter &McKinnox
Hdntbk, McKinnon & Co.
William1 McKinnon
William Hunter
T. A. Wilson.
Silverton, B.C.,
March 29th, 1897.
NOTICE
CERTfflCATEOFIMPROVEMENIS
RABBIT PAW MINERAL CLAIM.
El Dorado Ave., next Bourne Bros
NEW DENVER.
A big stock of Gents' Furnishings,
Hats,,-Boots & Shoes, Carpets, Art
Squares,: Mats, Blankets white and
grey, Feather Pillows, ready made
Sheets and Pillow Cases, Mirrors,
Toilet Sets. Hotel Glassware and
Stoves at Bourne Bros.
Situate in the- Slocan Mining, Division::.of West
Kootenay District. Located one mile- south of
Sandon,* ati d sOuthof the Silver Smith.
■TAKE NOTICE that the Star Mining &; Milling
JL Company, Ltd. -Lia.-; free miner's certiticate
No. 74509, intend;, sixty days from the date-hereof,
to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of
improvements, for tiie purpose of obtaining; a
Crown grant of the:above claim. :'"
And further take notice that, action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance-of
such-certificate of improvements. !
Dated this 18tb day of February, 1897. s
NOTICE.
T RICHARD ROBERTS, hereby give notice
1 that 1 intend, CO days afterdate, making application to the Chief- Commissioner of Lands aud
works for permission to purchase lfiO acres of
unreserved crown land, situate near the mouth of
Six Mile creek, Slocan Lake, West -Kootenay
District, commencing at initial post "A," thence
west 40 chains; thence south 40 chains; thence
east 40 chains; thence north 40 chains to point of
commencement.
Dated, March 2d, 1897.
THE COLUMBIA AND KOOTENAY   RAILWAY AND NAVIGATION COMPANY.
"VTOTICE is hereby given.that-plan, profile and
ll book of reference of-a branch of the above
railway from Slocan City to a junction with the
Nakusp and Slocan Railway near Rosebery, arc
now on file in the Land Registry Office, Victoria.
J. D. TOWNLEY,   ..'
Secretary.
Vancouver, B.C.,
March 31st, 1897.
NOTICE.
"VfOTICE is hereby given that sixty days after
IV date I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to
purchase 240 acres of land, situated near the shore
ot Slocan lake, between Rosebery and New
Denver, and described as follows:—"Commencing
at a post planted about half a mile east from the
mouth of Wilson Creek, immediately north of tho
right of way of the Nakusp & Slocan Railway ;
thence 60 chains north; thence 40 chains east;
thence 00 chains south; thence 4G chains west to
the po'nt of commencement.
' WILLIAM   THOMLINSON.
New Denver, B.C.,
Dated this 3lst day of March, A.D. 1897.
Notice is hereby given that sixty (fiO) days
after date I intend to apply to the Chief "Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to pui»
chase one hundred and sixty acres of land commencing at a post marked ''Wm. Glynn's N.
E. Corner, running thence AVest forty chains,
thence South forty chains, thence East forty
chains, thence Nortli following Lake to starting
point, containing one hundred and sixty acres
more or less, said post being 300 yards more or
. less from this notice  in  a  Northerly direction.
f near mouth of Nemo Creek on West Shore of
Slocan Lake.
;        Dated this fourth day of March, A. P.. 1897.
I WILLIAM GLYNN.'
W
HOTICE TO CREDITORS.
In the matter of the Creditors Trust Deeds Act
1890 and Amending Acts and in the matter
of assigned estate of Joseph Irwin.
OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that all persons'
having any claims against the assigned
estate of Joseph Irwin, of New Denver, in the
Province of British Columbia, are required to
send on or before the 1st day of May to the undersigned, the trustees of the said estate, their Christian and surnames addresses and full particulars
of their claims and the nature of the securities, if
any held'by them.  •
And further notice is hcrebv given that after the
1st day of May next the said "trustees vrlll proceed
to distribute the said estate according to law.
having.regard only to-those claims of which
notice has been.received on or before the said 1st
day of May next.
McMillan & Hamilton,
Trustees,
of Water St reef, in the Citv of Vancouver
and Jsakusp. Kootenay I>t>iriet. B.C.   im ��-mpww&.��&'-'iUiJ^  ,.* :s*l'��T*7?-etI &l �����*���'.�� V.MV. *te a*  8  THE   LEDGE.  Fourth  Year.  MINING  RECORDS,  Recorded at New Denver,   the   Assessments  Transfers and Locations:  locations.  April 13  Minnie, Slocan Lake���J C Todd  April 14  Texas Boy, Four Mile���Samuel Watson  American   Boy and Eagle   Fraction, Slocan  Lake���B F McNaught  Big Horn Fraction,   Slocan   Lake���N  F McNaught. W  ,   Oxford, Mount Adams���Stewart A Mighton.  April 15  Lucia T., Ten Mile���S T Walker and C B Taylor ���'.���'.���'���'  H M, Ten Mile-Handford McBride  Daisy, Three Forks���Frank Ghapins  Champion, Sandon���Rodert Irving  Dawn of Day, Eight Mile-S H Purcell  .1 C R���Slocan Lake���J Tinling  '^l!l!llllllilllI!IIIIIFRI!llllllll!IIIIIIII!linill!l!lllllil!l!lllllll!lill'l!!im  I NEWS IN PLAGE I  fiijiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitjiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii  Denver is  making  regular trips  ASSESSMENTS.  tpril 14  Wandering Jew���W E Tcrrill  Echo No 2���Chas Brand  The steamer  again.  There is a crying need of a steam laundry in  Denver..   .������ -V ,..'        ��� ...     ��� ��� v '������'������ y  Born.���To Mr. and Mrs, F. H- Bourne, on April  .. 18, a son. '  W  The address of Charles Gushman is wanted by  the editor of this paper.  A Presbyterian church will be built in New  Denver in a few weeks at an estimated cost of  *1500.    '  block was commenced  wait for the arrival:of  April 15  Snowstorm���Edward Mahon  TRANSFERS.  April 13  Thos Hurteau to  -|: Florance S  Chas  Gales  April l, ��150 o  John A -Finch to Frank Culver and Geo Fair-  bairn��� The Cazabazwa, March 24; $1  Same to Geo Fatrbaini���J Wakefield, March 24;  $1 ': ���  P L Reymer to NE Holmgren���J Sidehill, Apr  12; &'-: -Y ;'   ���'  ,      \    ���  April 14   .���   ��� ,.'��� ��� ,. .     ���;  Flunk Dick, et al to the Hall Exploration of B C  ���The Chapleau, March 25 : $30,000  Carter H Brindle to John Tinling���The Nettie  Fractional, Apr 14; $500  E E Paddock to Chas J Brand���The Echo No 2,  Oct 17; *1 ������.���������.-:  S J Humphrey to David Bremner���\ Twin Sister No 2, Oct 31; $1  Same-jV Twin Sister No 1, Oct 31; $1  April 15  wm Anisley and Richard Fry to the Byron  N White Co���1/12 Chicago, April 2; $150  N K Franklin, Chas F^aas and C"W Greenlee to  Wm Glyun���-The W S and Smuggler,March 16;  *l    ���:.'��������� '������ .. V.James Gilhooly to Maclver Maelver-Campbell  The B Fraction, March 30; *1  J T Wilkinson to Osborne Plunkett (in trust)���  The Geraldine, April 6; *1  G L O'Neil to J T AVilkinson���The Gu-aldine,  March 1; $1   V  J J Godfrey to J MacQuillan -The Two Dutchmen, March 9; ��1  Systematic Prospecting1.  An organized effort is to be made this summer  by the Gold Hills Exploration land Development  Company of Toronto to systematically prospect  the Duncan river country.; S. D. Edgar, speaker  of the house of commons is president of the com.  pany and J. B. McArthur, of Rossland, the local  director in British Columbia. Tames Anderson,  of North York. Oniario, is the general agent for  this province and has conducted the preparatory  arrangements. He will leave Kaslo with ten men  in a large flat bottomed boat built under his own  superintendance, with provisions for live months  and all the necessary mining tools and supplies  for opening up the properties which may be located. It is the intention to proceed to the head  of Kooteeay lake, thence up the river to Hauser  lake, through that and up the Duncan river as far  as they can take their boat. There a headquarters  camp will be constructed, and a eanoc built for  further river work.  Work on the Bolander  Wednesday after a long  lumber. w.f ,...     .:������-,  The opening of the St, James hotel, which was  to have taken plaee last Saturday will be celebrated next Saturday.  The Easter supper giv,en by the Ladies Aid  was not to any great extent a financial success,  but Otherwise it was a most enjoyable afMr,  ,-���'������ ���     *���. /  The blockade of lumber enroute to this city via  the C.P.'R. is broken and the buildings nnder  way are being pushed with ail possible haste.  A large vein of job printing is now being worked in the Ledge office. It does not show any  signs of pinching and is expected to widen with  further development.  Chas. S. Edwards, undertaker and embalmer  for the firm of Crowley & Co, gave ample evidence  of his ability in his profession on the cases handled by that firm this week.  Roderick O. Matheson, son of Judge Thos.  MathesOn of Simcoe, Ontario, and nephew of  David Matheson. arrived in New Denver last  Thursday and will make this his future home.  Under the able leadership of Larry O'Neil, New  Denver will soon have a band that cannot be  touched; in Kootenay, and our citizens should  lend every aid possible in helping the boys along.  Not many mining camps the size of New Denver can boast of a fraternal order and home band  that will turn out as creditably as did the Knights  of Pythias and band boys on Monday afternoon.  Rev. W. J. Booth has arrived in Nakusp from  Toronto. He comes to take up the work of Mr.  Beattie in New Denver and that place. . Mr.  Beattie takes charge of the church in Slocan  City. :'.:,.W;'  The old reliable Windsor Restaurant was newly  papered and greatly improved in appearance this  week This "house has gained for itself a reputation in the Slocan that would be hard to take  away,.  C. S. Neilson, a mining man of Rossland who  has travelled in Australia, Africa and America,  was greatly impressed with New Denver's beauty  and promise on his visit here this week and says it  is his ihfention to locate here.  The Government is evidently bent  upon giving* New Denver the cold  shoulder as often as possible, or else  something more would be done in the  matter of sadly needed local improvements. : ���" ���;_���'y:  Slocan City will - have  telegraphic  communication by next Monday..   ;'  NOTICE.  ADELA MINERAL CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District on the Galena Farm south of  Silverton, B. C.  TAKE NOTICE the we the undersigned Ada J.  Brown, free miner's certificate No 74,227 and  James C Bolander, free miner's certificate No  65.90G and William Thomlinson, free miner's certificate No 74,607, intend sixty days from date  hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of impaovements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 2oth Day of April, A. D. 1897.       ju 2*  NOTICE.  "VTOTICE is hereby given that 69 days from date  IV'we will apply to the Chief Commissioner of  Lands and \\ orks for the privilege of |taking 500  inches of of water from Allen creek to be used for  irrigating and other purposes. Allen's creek runs  through Allen & Cory's pre-emption, near Ten  Mile creek on Sloean lake.  Dated April 21,1897.  ALLEN & CORY.  apr22-ju22  NOTICE  "VTOTICE is hereby given that sixty (60) days  ll after date I in end to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to  purchase 169 acres of land commencing at a post  marked "T. a's" N. W. Coiner, running thence  40 chains east, thence 40 chains south, thence 40  chains west, thence 4) chains to point of * commencement, near the junction of Fennell and  Four Mile creeks, Slocan district.  THOS. ABRIEL.  Dated April 11,1897.  ap22-ju22  Trail   Real   Estate.  One of the most important deals in Trail real  estate yet made  was consummated last week,  whenR. T.  Daniels bought from J. D. Farrell  his undivided third interest in 256 acres of land  surrounding the townsite. The price paid approximated *25,0O0. The land in question stretches  around the townsite from a point about a quarter  of a mile below the Nelson sawmill to Smelter  hill, on which about 20 acres of the property is  located. It extends around the town almost from  river to river. The property inciudes the low-  lying foothills, which m tiie development of the  t nvn. will become the residence portion of Trail.  The other owners in the land just sold are F.Aug.  Heinze and Col. E.'S. Topping.  A rancher from California has planted, among  other things, 300 hills of melons on a piece of  ground close to New Denver. If they ripen he  will need a fat bulldog to keep the luscious fruit  from wandering^away at nights.  In Sloean City pilgrims are paying 50 cents for  a shakedown in the dining rooms and the crowd  is still coming. There is an element in the human  family that will never accept the advice of others  but must learn by bitter experience. Cornea  month later and bring your blankets.  Sloan Bros., P. Burns, Stubbs &  Bennett and Lowes & Harrington  have gone over to the enemy as far  as Brandon is concerned, and will remove their buildings to Slocan City  as soon as arrangements are completed;    : [   ���:  :y V': .'���'������'��� Vy,;  Sixth street is to be improved by  private subscription. Another reason  why New Denver should be incorporated. ��� ��� '���''-���-;    ./���'������ ������  A customs officer is needed in the  Slocan;  NOTICE.  "VTOTICE is hereby given that sixty. (69) days  1/1 . after date I intend to apply to the. Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for. permission to  purchase 160 acres of land commencing at a post  marked L. P. S's N.E. Corner, thence 49 chains  south, thence 40 chains west, thence 49 chains  north, thence 40 chains east to point of commencement, near Fennell and Four Mile creeks, Slocan  district, and adjoining the ground staked by .Thos.  Abriel. V ��  LUTHER PRESCOTT STARRATT.  Dated Ap.iil 14,1897. W ;  ap22-ju23  "     BOURISIE |  BROS, j  DE   LERSIN ��  GENERAL 9  MERCHANDISE, _  MINERS'  SUPPLIES,  DOORS,SASH,  OATS,  BRAN, w_TC. ��  JS   NEW DENVER, }  j B.C. 9  ROWLEY  Manufacturers  and Importers of  FURNITURE  Fine upholstering a Specialty.   Un-  dertaking and Embalming.  Opp. Slocan Hospital, New Denyer.  Wm.Darlington, M.E.,  '    Cornell Uni. Mass. Inst. Tech.,  H.C.Bellinger, Metallurgist,  Mem. Amer.Inst.Min.Engineers.  DARLINGTON & BELLINGER,  Mining Engineers & Metallurgical  ' Chemists.   .  Office & Laboratory, Slocan City, B.C.  F. LO CASTO,  New Denver.  TOBACCONIST,  NEWSDEALER,  and STATIONERW  Imported and Domestic Cigars, To-  baccoes, Fruits and Confectionery;  C.'.P. Band.  D. S. Wallbeji^e  The Mining World very truly sa3rs that men  with capital at their backs are becoming more  cautious about investing in general business in  the large .cities of the east,  for what promises to  be a i.rosperous business is ruined in a single day  by floods; fire or politics and for this reason they  are turning their attention to the mining industry.  Go where you will in mining districts and you  will meet representatives of capital looking over  the field3 for investment.   These people are beginning to understand that mining is being conducted as a legitimate business, and when it is it has  no equal in any of the different branches of industry as a profit*winner.   The beaut}'- of mining  is that all are equal,   The big operator has none  the best of the small operator ; he gets the same  price for his.product.   It is different in any other  business,    Take the large business houses and  manufactories.    The big department stores are  crushing the life out ot the small concerns by  degrees.   The small houses may carr> the same  clas3 of goods, but it is more popular to deal with  the big ones, while in mining all have an equal  chance to dispose of their product.    The banker,  merchant or mint will buy readily at the same  nrice of the smallest operator or miner as he will  f.-om the big" mine owner.   Therefore all have an  e;mal chance in mining, and the present year will  witness a wonderfal progress all over the mining  regions of the northwest.  A big stock of Gents' Furnishings,  Hats, Boots & Shoes, Carpets, Art  Squares, Mats, Blankets white and  grey, Feather Pillows, ready made  Sheets and Pillow Cases, Mirrors,  Toilet Sets, Hotel Glassware and  Stoves at Bourne Bros.  Mining and Stock Bro  Notaries Public and Conveyancers,  S^LlSTiDOlSr, B.G  mines.  A carload of Sash arid Doors and  o.ie of Oats and Feed at Bourne Bros.  James Delaney will open his new  dining room in a few days with a  grand dinner and orchestral music.  Don't be a sponge when there are  so many of the genuine article on  view ai* Nelson's Drug Store. t  An extra fine line of stationery just  received at Nelson's Drug Store, f  Mines bought and sold. Stocks for sale in all B.C.  Official brokers for Wonderful Group Mining Co./  Kootenay agents for Bondholder Mining Co.,  St.   Keverne Mining Co  Phcenix Consolidated Mining Co. and Two Friends Mine Co.'s stocks.  Com )an es Stobiced and Promoted.  Tents of various kinds for sale at  T. H. Hoben's.  Don't overlook Wilson's Hotel when  you are in Slocan City. f  When in   Vancouver stop at the  Manor House.  t  A carload of Sash,   Doors,  Mouldings, etc., at BOURNE BROS.  New Denver, B.C.  Is situated on the banks of the beautiful Slocan Lake, and guests can sit upon  the balcony and gaze upon the grandest scenery in America without extra charge  The fire escape system,i3 excellent.. The rooms are airy and decorated with the  latest results of the wall paper art. The exterior of the hotel is painted in colors  that harmonize with the idealistic scenery. The Dining Room is always provided with food that is tasty, digestible and satisfying to the inner economy of  man. The Bar is replete with the most modern, as well.as ancient brands of  nerve producers.  Goldbugs, Silver Democrats, Canadian Capitalists, Prospectors, Miners,  Tenderfeet, Ten Mile Millionaires and Pilgrims of every shade in politics, religion or wealth are welcome at this house.  9    ���  make for the Newmarket when you reach the Slocan metropolis and do not forget the Landlord's name;  it is  Henry Stege.  \1  n  i  i

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