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The Ledge Apr 6, 1899

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 Volume VI.   No. 27.  NEW DENVER, B. C, APRIL 6, 1899.  Price, ��2 00 Year  | A. BIG GEUEBRATI0N  If ans'one is  impressed  with  the idea  that New Denver  will  allow the 24th of  from all. The baseball team will play  Sandon here on May 24th, and an effort  is now being made to get up a hub-and-  May to go by and not celebrate it as the imh hosere'el race, between Nelson,  townspeople   have   wont    to   do,   they ! Sandon and Kaslo     A purse of $100 will  should have attended the meeting held  iu Bosun hall Saturday night to complete  arrangements for the celebration.'  Six  months  ago  the citizens of New  Denver gave notice that this town would  celebrate  the  Queen's   Birthday.    Last  year, out of respect for sister towns, and  to   avoid   a   conflict   of   interests,   our  citizens kindly withdrew and allowed the  celebration at Silverton to  be made the!  success itought to have been.    This after  the fact, had already been advertised that  New  Denver  patriotism   would bubble  over on   that day.    But  this will not be  the case   this  year.    New  Denver  will  celebrate aa she never has celebrated before.    And the fact that  the citizens are  enthusiastic   and determined   to make.  the event a success, such it will surely be.  Already notices have been sent to the  citizenB  "of   neighboring  towns,   and  a  cordial invitation extended to all to participate with us in  making the day one  long  to be remembered.    Plans  are  already working  to  have with  us on that  day several  hundred  of  the citizens of  Nelson, many from Kaelo,Sandon,Slocan  City, Silverton,  Nakusp and waypoints.  After the kindly  feeling engendered by  the visit  of   the   New  Denver Band to  Nelson  last year,  accompanied   by the  train load   of   our citizens,   and   their  hearty   co-operation    there,   it   is   but  reasonable to expect a  return of compliments from that city.    So it ought to. be  with  the  citizens   of   the   other towns  named,  and so it-will be,  despite the  efforts of  the  handful  of johnny-come-  latelies, whose main desire seems ever to  be  to   keep   alive and  foster in  every  conceivable   way   that   narrow,   foolish  sectional feeling that has  but one effect,  and tnat is detrimental to the town that  is pestered with them.  The meeting Saturday night was attended, by about 50 of our citizens, and  was presided over by Wm. Thomlinson.  Great enthusiasm was apparent and the  Slogan cry of all'was to celebrate successfully. Little time was lost in compli-  mentaries. Every man was ready for  business. A. E. Fauquier was chosen  president of the celebration committee;  ~ Win. Thomlinson, vice-president; John  Williams, secretary, and Cashier Gibbs,  of the Bank of Montreal, treasurer. On  the executive committee the following  were named: Chas. Nelson, Angus Me-  Gillivray, Chas. Greenlee, H. J. Robie  and John Aylwin.  This committee was given power to  add to their number, and to transact all  business in connection with the celebration.  The minor committees will be appointed by the executive committe, such as  the committees on sports, entertainment,  reception, etc.  It is early yet to even foreshadow what  will be the drawing cards for the day.  There will be the usual field and aquatic  sports; the home band will probaoly be  assisted by the Sandon or Nelson band;  baseball, football, lawn tennis and  possibly a lacrosse game will be played,  and instead of the usual drilling contest  a tug-of-war will be given. The day  will be closed with a band concert and  dance in Bosun hall.  be offered. Nelson is ready to come,  Sandon will come and Kaslo is thinking  about it.  It might be well for those who insist  that New Denver has no right to appropriate the 24th of May on which to  uncork her patriotism, to understand  that New Denver celebrated that day as  early as 1895, when sister towns were in  the woods.  The Uniform Rank K. of P. of Sandon  and Nelson will undoubtedly put in an  appearance, as will also the brother  Knights of lesser rank. The Odd Fellows are also booked for New Denver and  with them possibly a musical organization.  Last year all the camps in the Slocan  celebrated their favorite holiday. New  Denver's citizen's co-operated with all.  This year New Denver will celebrate and  invites all other camps toceme and bring  the babies.  make employment   for   100   additional  men.    This will be in a few days time.  An important strike is reported onjthe  Mollie Hughes, and the o>mers are  .yetting thing's in shape lo work the  ���property.  Bruce White was in New Denver  Wednesday, and i.s reported to be seeking- a settlement with W. L. Callanan.  in the Mollie Gibson matter.  A new ore chute was struck on the  Idaho last week. The road is being put  in condition and soon extensive hauling  will he resumed, and the shipments  from this mine will be very heavy, for  some weeks at least.  Pat Burns was in town this week  looking- into the California and other  Siver mountain properties. It is reported lie will take over the interest held  by A. J. Marks, and as soon as possible  put a large force of men to work on that  property. A report is also current that  he is negotiating- for the purchase of the  Mollie Hughes."'  SCOTTISH   OOI.ONIAX   GOr,I>    FIELDS.  Kccent    Mooting  E<liiil>urijh-  <>f the  -Early  Management  Dividends.  nt  PATRIOTISM   CPXCKXTRATKS.  With Sandy McKay for anchor man,  ISTew Denver's tug:of-war team will pull  the world.  As��� well attempt to stem asnowslide as  to get in the way of the Queen's Birthday clebration at New Denver.  The local football team will tie in excellent condition by May 24th. The  opposing team will have a hard go.  In a few days there will be horses and  scrappers and men at work at the head  of Slocan avenue putting in shape the  baseball grounds.  The match game of baseball between  Sandon and Nelson will be a hot one.  The purse will be $125; $100 to the winner, $25 to the loser.  It has not been definitely settled, and  we are not authorized to state that there  will be a baby show as one of the principle bi-products of the Slocan.  In less than half an hour Monday  morning the committe having in charge  the subscription paper for the 24th of  May celebration had secured $300.  For muscle and music New Denver is  noted. Combine tbe two and a celebration will be held that will surpass that  of Greater New York���in many respects.  A conservative estimate olaces the  amount that will be raised for the Slocan  Lake celebration on May 24th, New  Denver, at $700. When the matter of  celebrating was first mooted it was said  that $200 could not be raised.  H. J. Robie went to Nelson on Monday  and has wired the celebration committee  that he has interviewed the baseball  team, hose team and other public institutions and  has received encouragement  LOG AT,    CHIT-CHAT.  Jeffery, the tinsmith, has removed his  shop to the Kerr building, close to Bosun  hall.  John L. Retallack has returned from  California and will be in the Slocan  shortly.  Lacrosse on the roof and hockey below  is the program at the Sandon skating  rink nowadaysV WW.������  Rev. Cleland, of Sandon. will hold  services in the Presbyterian .church  Sunday morning- at 11 o'clock .  R. P. H. Hall, late of the Brooklyn  office, has been transferred to New Denver and is now handling the ticker at the  wharf for the C. P. 11.  We are authorized to state, that the  report that R. C. Campbell-Johnston  was appointed manager and engineer of  the Queen Bess mine is absolutely without foundation.  Mrs. Sterritt and children, of Sandon,  spent a few day* last week at the home  of Prof, and Mrs. Millward. She will  remove to Calgary in a short time, to  reside with her mother.  The account of another murder comes  from Cranbrook, where Terence Ryan  was killed by an Italian, who mistook  the murdered man for another with  whom th<*- Italian had a quarrel.  Postmaster Muloch's report shows a  deficit reduced from $781,000 in 1S97 to  $47,000 in 189S; and the number of letters sent thiough vhe mails exceeds that  of the previous year by 11,000,000.  Services will be held in the Methodist  church next Sunday at 11 a.m. and 7:15  p.m. Everybody welcome.  R.N.Powell.  The male quartette' will give special j  music during- evening- service. |  K. J. L. Ross, representing the Brown  Syndicate of Lancaster, zinc-ore buyers,  is making- a trip through the Slocan  getting hold of such zinc ore as he is  able to find. Two car loads were taken  this week from the Monitor, Three  Forks.  Major Allen, for tho past several  months telegraph operator for the C. P.  R , was , transferred last week to Robson. Major takes with him the best  wishes of his many New Denver friends.  His free hand, open heart and obliging  manner will be recalled long- after his  departure by patrons of the New Denver office.  The Ladies Aid of the Methodist  Church have completed arrangements  for a social to be held in Clever's hall  on Wednesday evening, April 12th. Mr.  Clever has donated the use of his hall for  the occasion, and the ladies are assured  that this will be a very successful affair.  A good program is arranged, light  luncheon will be served and a general  good time had, and all for the small sum  of two bits.  Sr.OC.VN    MINERAL    FLOAT.  on  the Wonderful is being  The force  increased.  Eight men were put on the Ajax Fraction last week.  A shipment of ore from the Madison  is being made that assays 572 ozs. silver  and $6 in gold.  The Ruth tramway will be erected as  soon as the snow disappears. Work on  the right of way has already begun.  D. J. McLachlan, late of New Mexico,  is manager of the Whitewater Deep, vice  Frank Riffle, who has removed to Portland.  Seventy-five men were added to the  force on the Whitewater mine last week.  Thirty men will be added to the Whitewater Deep force in a week or two.  When the concentrators at the Noble  Five  and  Slocan Star start  up  it  will  At the annual meeting-, held iu Edinburgh, on   March 3rd,,'of the Scottish  Colonial Gold Fields,   whose mines are  situated on Carpenter creek, a few miles  east of New  Denver,  the chairman, in  moving- the adoption  of the manager's  report, discussed the leading-  items in  the accounts,  and explained  that the  interests of the company  were not appreciably   altered   since   last   general  meeting-.    Alluding- to  the item of unpaid   directors''   fees,    he   stated   that  keeping- in   view the   position of the  company, and that up to the present no  return had been made to the sharehold  ers, the directors had decided that until  the compaiiv was  placed   upon.a dividend-paying- basis, they would not draw  more than half fees     As to an item   of  ��'-25,00D of  temporary  loans,  these had  been given for a period  of three years.  Interest was paid upon theni at the rate  of eight .per cent., which was a reasonable" rate for  a mining  loan.    Besides  the interest, the lenders  might have a  possible   contingent    interest    in   the  profits   on   flotation.     The    chairman  devoted the remainder of his speech to  describing- the impressions he derived  from a visit to  which   Mr. Slater,  a co-  director, and himself paid to the British  Columbia property of the company in  August and September of last year." In  this connection  he said:    "The mines  and claims in which   the   company is  interested are in the Slocan division of  Western Kootenay, B. C.   As stated in  the report, there are 20 claims, all contiguous, covering' the large area of 554  acres.   These are staked "out on what  is known as the Gold Range, a mountainous   region   of which  some of the  peaks reach an altitude of over 10,000  ft.     This   region   forms   the    central  mountainous district of British Columbia, running nearly north and south,  and lying between the Rocky mountains  on the east, and the coast  range on the  west    'nhe claims are situated near the  mining village of Three Forks.    They  extend southwards from the river called  Carpenter creek (which at this point is,  approximately, 2,000 ft. above sea level)  and   they   rise to  the   summit  of the  mountains,  nearly 7,000 ft.  high.    An  excellent wagon road win Is up the hillside following for fully half the distance  the course of Howson creek or river, a  tributary of, and flowing northwards  into. Carpenter creek.     The principal  workings are in  two steep valleys or  basins, known as  the Alamo basin and  the Idaho basin, which  both run down  in a northerly direction  towards Howson   creek,   the   watershed or divison  between tiie two  basins being formed  by a sharp-pointed shoulder or hogback.  The Alamo and Idaho veins were struck  on the   surface, at the   summit  of the  mountain.    The trees  form  a valuable  adjunct to the mine,  large quantities of  timber  being required   for supporting  the tunnels and   for  building purposes,  etc.    The   declivity  of the   hills is an  important factor in' the value of mines,  tunnelling   from  the   hillside   being a  much   simpler   and   more   economical  method of mining than sinking shafts.  '"In our mines the veins have not yet  been proved to a great depth. There  are. however, rich mines being worked  in the vicinity of the concentrator at  an elevation (if only BOO ft. above the  level of the river. There are also outcrops of mineral and workings with  good showing's of ore in every direction, high and low, and one' cannot  travel by road or rail without seeing  evidences, every few hundred yards, of  mines being opened up. h is reasonable, therefore! to expect that the Idaho-  Alamo veins will go down to great  depth. It is our manager's intention to  do   some prospecting   work   on   these  months,  Mr.  Hughes,  their manager,  has been negotiating with the smelters  for a lower freight and treatment rate,  and we   have  just   heard   that he has  been successful   in obtaining a reduction of $15 per ton.   The smelters are  all very anxious to get the Idaho ore. as  it contains a large percentag-e of silica.  I was informed by  one  of the chiefs of  the Canadian Pacific Railway that they  would smelt our ores at cost  price in  order to   secure  our  traffic.    There is,  however,  another  factor which  ought  very soon to have an important bearing  on the future prosperity of our mines,  f refer to   the. likelihood that we shall  have another railway competing with  the C P.R.,.brought up  to  a point only  a few hundred  feet below the level of i  our present workings.'. The new line,  the Great Northern 'Railroad, will, it is  expected, start from Sandon, about five  miles up Carpenter creek, and situated  at an  altitude of  3,000   ft.   above; sea  level.    This company  has its  present  terminus at Sandon, and it is anxious  to have its share of the'-mineral traffic  of our district.    The new line has been  surveyed up to the Idaho, and it would  have an   easy   gradient.     .As   to   the  future, keeping in view the disappointment experienced in  connection with  the prospects held out at last general  meeting of the distribution of a dividend, the directors were most unwilling  to give any definite promise of the payment of a dividend out of the orofits of  the current year.   They, however, held  a high opinion of the value of the two  principal properties in Avhich the company were interested.   The Lake Way  mine would most likely enter into the  producing < stage during- the course of  the year, and the time had now all but  arrived when they   would be able to  offer the shareholders an interest in a  thoroughly developed property, which  they had every confidence would return  good   dividends.    If he did  not make  any promises of an early dividend, it  was from no want of confidence in their  capacity to do so.   On the contrary, he  considered the early possibilities'of a  dividend   were   excellent.    They   had'  been able   not   only to   meet ali  then-  liabilities and   to   largely reduced the  contingent  liabilities'on'shares held in  other concerns, but they had also at this  moment a considerable sum of cash in  hand.    Although that sum was not considered as profit in the accounts, it was  so in reality, being a return from one of  their investments, and it represented an  interest euual to 5 per cent, on the issued  capital of the company."  ENTERPRISE-MINE  The sale of the Enterprise mine has  been semi-ofhcially announced, and the  only thing that now is hanging fire is the  payment of the money to the owners.  Until, this is made, which will probably  be within the next week, the sale wdll  not be officially: reported. But it is  learned from a source that is undoubtedly reliable that  the action of engineers  for the London and B. C. Corporation in  taking the mine   has  been confirmed at  London headquarters, and the cash payment will be made at once,  is reported to be $750,000.  The Enterprise is the most extensively  developed property on Slocan lake, and  by many is looked on as one of the big  mines in the Slocan, having ore reserves  sufficient to last many years. There are  two claims in the group, the Slocan  Queen and Enterprise, both of which are  crown granted. Thev were located on  July 18th and 19th, 1894, by R. I. Kirk-  wood and J. L. McKinnon, who were  prospecting the country from the Cody  divide. They found rich float upon the  surface, on the south side of Ten Mile,  and tracing it up  uncovered  the  vein,  one foot, there are several places which  show three feet of the shipping article.  One or two faults have been met with  and successfully passed through and  there are but few places where the ore  does not show continually. No. 1 tunnel  is in 100 feet, No: 2, 900; No. 3, 600: intermediate, H00; No. 5, 800; No. G, 125;  No. 7, a crosscut to  catch  a new  chute  exposed by a test shaft near the top end  of the Enterprise, 200 feet. At the lake  landing there is 920 tons of,ore in bulk  and fully 1,500 tons on the dumps at the  mine. In almost all the works the ore  is left standing intact. Preparations for  The price ! stoping has been made in; two or three  of the tunnels, giving room for 200 men  to be worked. ' ,  A conservative estimate place^-' the  amount of ore blocked out at 40,000tons,  which at the net returns supplied at first,  of $86 per ton, gives a fairly good idea of  tho richness of the Enterprise. In the  No. 5 tunnel the vein splits off, the two  forks carrying nine inches of clean ore.  The vein omthe Enterprise claim carries  considerable native silver, smelter returns of 40S ounces having been obtained. The lead also amounts to IS per  cent. Not one-half of,:, the surface  has yet been tested, and it will be some  ��nu  li ituiug    it    u.|j    uiiwvdicu    uuc    vein,         j-- ; .    , . ���' ,       ���������-   -- 7~~  which was  afterwards  traced  along the   years betore sinking  on the vein will be  .EVERYBODY    "AT    HOME.  A  Highly   Successful   Eveut   was  That  Given Thursday Evening by the  K.    of   I>.  Pythian Castle hall was crowded to  the doors last Thursday night, when the  Knights of Pythias tendered to the  public one of their very enjoyable "At  Homes."     Previous  occasions    of   this  nature have been highly successful, but *"g a 10 per cent, payment down  not quite so much so as the last one.  The Knights seem to have the knack of  pleasing; they are loyal entertainers  and one <*nd all take hold to make anything they give a success. About every  home in New Denver was represented on  this occasion, and fully 250 guests and  Knights were present. While the program of song and speechmaking was  hardly up to the mark, yet the other  features of the evening more than overcame any shortcoming in that respect.  Grand Chancellor Haddow was present  and very nicely presented the cardinal  principals of Pythianism, telling of its  remarkable progress throughout America  and especially in this Provice.  J. C. Bolander was master of ceremonies for the evening. Chas. Smitheringale replied with cuslomery fluency  to the Grand Chancellpro'n behalf of the  local lodge. Prof. Millward favored the  audience with selections from his phonograph throughout the evening. Social  games of all kinds wore indulged in. and  a lap banquet was served about 10:^0,  and was followed by a social hop of  several hours duration. Tbe music for  the dance was provided bv Prof, and  .Mrs. Millward.  A     'ill     CKIt    CKXT    DIVIIH'.'M).  The London Financial Times says in  its' issue of March IS : "Tbe directors of  the Northwest Mining Syndicate, Ltd.,  have declared a dividend of 4s. per share  to shareholders on the register on 25th  inst , and payable onllst prox." This is  equivalent to 20 per cent. It will do  more than all the lengthy reports, to  place tbe Bosun mine in the front rank  in London. As an example of how London capital appreciates the Piosun slock,  it is only necessary to state that buyers  arc. offering ��3 for ��1 shares, and find no  inkers.  lower claims when the snow disappears  in spring.    It is proposed to divert part  An   old gravedigger,  village at "the  foot  of  was one day complainin.  of the stream and to carry a sluice for a j ness of times  sufficient distance in order to wash the!  surface at various points,  in the ex pec-1  tation   of   exposing mineral outcrops, j  which are in most cases only covered to j  a depth of a few feet with what is locally '  known as 'wash.'    During the past six ' weeks.  who lived in a  the Grampians,  ������about the dull-  "Maii, John, i.s trade that bad wive?" said a sympathizing neighbor.  ���'Bad!"  returnnd John,   bringing his  staff down  with  an  impatient gesture.  I havena buried a leevin sowl this sax  face of the hill in either direction. There,  is another vein, much larger, about 200  feet to the west and paralleling the No.  1 lead, but no work has been done on it,  beyond tbe demonstration that, it carries  concentrating values. The smaller vein  is a true fissure, and can be easily traced  the entire distance of the group. The  gaugue, what little there is of it, is  quartz, the walls being a dark rnicaeous  granite, shading into the syenite characteristic of the neighborhood. The ore is  both fine and coarse grained galena,  carrying a large amount of zinc blende,  which holds the best silver values. It is  generally found on the footwall.  A published report gives theseparticu-  lars: Kirk wood and McKinnon kept  this find a secret for a time, but upon the  news getting out a rush to the new camp  resulted and many fine claims were  located, among them being the Iron  Horse, Mabou, Ohio, Bondholder, Nee-  pawra, etc. After much laborious work,  as supplies had to be taken from New  Denver by rowboat to Ten Mile and  then packed by the men up the rough  creek, the locators commenced development, starting two tunnels, and making  a number of open cuts, exposing the  vein and clean ore right to the surface.  A trail was built up the creek and many-  other preliminary duties attended to.  The property became much talked about  and the invariably high assays secured  served to strengthen the high repute of  the find. In October, 1895, J. A. Finch  took a bond of $25,000 on the group, mak-  Heat  once put a force of men on, cutting out a  good pack-trail and putting up the necessary buildings. During the season of 1896  he "shipped two car loads of ore from the  Enterprise to the Omaha smelter, the returns of which were paid Messrs. Kirk-  wood and McKinnon. The shipment  netted about, $3,500, or $86 per ton. This,  considering the cost of packing down to  the lake and high charges, was considered  marvelous, and demonstrated the immense possibilities of mining in the  granite belt of Slocan lake, which has  since been made certain by the great  success attained by the operators of the  Enterprise.  The bond was taken up by Mr. Finch,  and since then general development has  been carried out systematically and almost continuously. Upwards of 1,000  tons of ore have been shipped, paying  every expense and leaving a handsome  credit to the good. In the summer of  1897 a wagon road was built from the  lake to the mine, a distance of eight  miles, which greatly lessened the cost of  transportation. A fine wharf ami ore  shed and chute were built at the landing, and larger dumps, chutes, offices  and bunk-houses at the mine. In June  of that year I��. M. llayman, a leading  mining man in Colorado, purchased a  half interest in the IOnterpriwe upon the  advice of I). W. Brunton, of Aspen, Col.,  a prominent mining engineer. Mr.  1-Iyman paid $.-500,000 for his purchase.  Since then there have been repeated  efforts made by outside parties to secure  control of the group.  At the present time the buildings on  the property are commodious and up-to-  date. Vast development has taken place  in the mine, giving ore reserves unequalled by any other Slocan property  and demonstrating the most continuous  and extensive ore chute yet uncovered in  the west. Workings of various nature  have been opened up on the vein from  one end of the group to the other, and all  are connected by good trails and furnished with blacksmith shops,ore dumps and  other permanent works. The vein has  been proven to a vertical depth of more  than 500 feet and 1,500 feet in length.  There are seven tunnels, and these with  their upraises and connections, and various shafts, give about 4,000 feet of drifting. Most of the work has been done  on tbe Slocan Queen claim, proving the  vein to descend with regularity. While  an average width of clean ore is given at  necessary. The mine is in a position to  pay immediate and lasting dividends,  sufficient to place it in the front rank.  .JOTTINGS    FROM.   WHITEWATER.  Deep  i.s working a  The Whitewater  few men.  Many properties are being opened up  in the vicinity of this camp.  The new manager of the Deep is a  Mr. McLauchlan, a' gentleman of vast  experience in mining matters.  There are fully six feet of the remains  of the beautiful still with us. The season is very backward according to old-  timers.  Mr. Fred Hill, the popular accountant  for the Whitewater Mines, Ltd , is at  present in the east. He is expected tback  shortly.  Many fine properties are coming to  the front, and those people who imagine  that we are going to vacate this beautiful townsite some fine day are sadly  mistaken.  The Whitewater mine has begun  operations on a large scale. At present  there is said to be over 100 men at work  and it is very likely that this force will  be vastly increased.  Mr. Riffle, the manager of R. E.  Brown's interests here, has gone to  Portland, Ore., where he will "assume  the management of R. E. Brown's interest in that country.  The Hillside has an exceptionally  good showing. Most of the stock in the  property is owned in Rossland, but  there is a goodly number of shares  located among parties belonging-here.  The Whitewater is now in full blast  employing about 1H0 men, and it is to  be hoped that the enacting of the eight-  hour law will not interfere with the  bright outlook that exists here The '  miners by a large majority in this camp  favor the old 10-hour day and the 10-  hour pay also.  .FREE   MINERS    CERTIFICATES.  Notice has been given by the Minister  of Mines " That an individual free  miner's certificate taken out or renewed  before the 1st May, 1899, is valid for one  or  more  years   from   the  date of issue.  An individual free miner's certificate  taken out or renewed after tiie Jst Mav,  1S99, and before the 31st May, 1899, will  be valid only until such .'51st May. The  fee for such certificate for such fractional  part of the year will be, pro rata, proportionate to the fee for the entire year.  A further free miner's certificate may be  taken out, dating from the olst May, at  midnight, 1S99, and valid foroneor rnoie  years from that date. A table will be  distributed showing the proportionate  rate to be charged for free miner's certificates which are issued covering only  a portion of the year."  The    Appeal     Dismissed.  The full judgement of Justice Martin  in the American Roy litigation in which  the appeal of William Bra den from the  decision of Hon. G. B. Martin as chief  commissioner of lands and works was  dismissed, has been published. The decision of Justice Martin was based upon  section 27 of the Mineral Act. Justice  Martin held that taken as a whole, section 37 may be regarded as a provision  of the same nature as the statutes of  limitation, provided that in case any  one has a claim within a prescribed  time, or be forever barred, except in  case of fraud on the part of the adverse  applicant. THE LEDGE, NEWDJ^JNVER, B.C., APRIL 6, 1899.  Sixth Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months ......i? .75  Six " ; 1.25  Twelve  " '2.00  Thk'ee years  5.00  Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line first in  sertion, id cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  C jrrespondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  s hot,.and we will do the rest  A pencil cross in this square  indicates that your sub&erijj-  tion is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look at  your collateral.   .  EUKSDAY, APRIL 6. 1899.  liUlI-mNG    AND    KKTTEIUNG.  There is but one way of bulling up  a town and proving- to fche world that  it has'"something behind it of which  its citizens are proud. Many towns  have sprang into existence, thrived  lor a time and fallen back again,  only to be revived at a latter period  to undergo a temporary prosperity,  and then again to fall away and be  surpassed by others of possibly less  natural advantages but a greater  amount of "steady push" in the  citizensT  The steady march onward  be better understood when we explain that Mr. Helnze is suing the  C.P.R. Co. for a large amount in connection with the recent purchase of  his interests; that he is one of, it not  the leading   spirit in   the smelting  combine recently   organized in the  United States,   which is in   deadly  opposition to the smelter at Trail; and  that Mr.  Heinze is associated with  Mr. Corbin and others in securing a  charter to tap the  Boundary country  in opposition to the C. P. R.    No one,  therefore, need be surprised at wThat  the Miner may say  in opposition to  that  or   any    Canadian   institution  which may stand in the way of Mr.  Heinze's designs in this country.   The  truth of the matter is, the Rossland  Miner, an excellent paper  in many  ways, is simply the agent and mouthpiece   of   men,  who,   as capitalists,  monopolists and aliens, are endeavoring to   exploit the   riches of British  Columbia in. their own  interests.    It  exists in  Rossland for that purpose  and no other.    As a bright, newsy  newspaper, backed up by American  capital and brains,   it has outside  of  Rossland and vjcinity a certain influence, it  being  wrongly supposed to  represent the views of that important  district, and is therefore all the more  dangerous.     We   want the   public,  however, to understand the real facts  of the case.    Mr. Heinze,   as head of  the great smelter combine, is doing  his best to crush the smelting industry  in   British Columbia, and as a  partner of Mr. Corbin,   for a similar  end in view, is endeavoring to secure  a charter for a railway zigzagging  the  international  boundary in order  to tap   here   and   there the mines of  Southern  Yale and divert   the ores,  which should  be smelted in British  Columbia, to the United States.    The  can public against the C.P.R. On one of  St. Paul papers he has appointed an  editor who is specially qualified, to carry  on the fight against the big Canadian  corporation. There is no doubt that  Mr. Hill has it in his power to greatly  injure the C. P. R. as far as the United  States business is concerned. When the  American's learn of Sir William Van  Home's attempts to keep the Great  Northern out of Canada they will not be  disposed to treat the C.P.R. with much  consideration. President Hill has excellent material to work on in exciting  antipathy against the C. P. R. in United  States territory. We are not astonished  to see that Sir William Van-Home has  taken fright and has sent an emissary to  St. Paul to sue for peace. From what  we know of President Hill, we believe  that the withdrawal of the C.P.R.'s  opposition to the Kettle River Railway  will be a condition precedent to any  settlement of the dispute.���Toronto  World. _ _���  WAITING   FOB   PATA.  aeko  ontireaJ  Established  1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :   :     981,328.04  HEAD  is what counts.    Little by little great  nations  have   grown.   Slowly   they J Rossland Miner's denunciation of the  have advanced onward and upward,   C.P.R. as a monopoly and an octopus  I 'in four years "Id and mamma says  I'll soon be tall like papa was,  And wear a coat so bif* and long,  Just like my brother William does.  I wonder where my paya is,  He usod to laufjh and play with me,  And -bounce ine up, Ol)! awful high,  1 ill lie was tired as tired could be.  We used to have Oil! such trood fun,  When all his work was eUnt:, and he  Would take ine in. his arms and tell  So many pretty tales to ine.  One uit>ht he couldn't play with mc,  And was .sci sick���Oh !  awt'ulso.  And mamma cried, and looked so stul,  And se> did brother William, too.  I was so lonesei i'ii that 1 crept  Away upstairs and couldn't play,  Their mamma came up very late,  And said my papa went away.  She says I'll see him very soon,  J*!nt wliy does William turn away.  And look so often out of doors V  My mamma says I'll kirowsmne day.  -B.Kelly.  OFFICE,   MOSTREAl.  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona a.id Mount Rofal, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  E. PITT, Manager  4 ���     ���  ���^r*:-jiyrv'W8<TO*^XM*��zy^*^  I  �����������������  DR. MILLOY,  CANADA'S    MEAT,   KXJI.KK.  Rooms in Virginia Blk,   Sandon.  California  Wine Co.,  t;. s.  WASIIDALL,  Notarv Public.  A. E. KAUQUIEK.  ever going forward, never backward.  The world was not created in a day ;  honor and fame are not of a moment's  gift.. Laurels that are worth winning  are not easy; they do not come at  command, but are to be won by hard  and incessant toil, close application  to duty and the full performance of  that which is nearest to hand.  AVhat is true of nations and peoples,  is true of every town and each individual. There is work for one and  all.  What the citizens of New Denver  have won,  they will retain.    What  they are yet to win,   they will do it  by a concentration ot efforts, with an  honest, upright determination i ogive  to all men, their just dues,  demanding   the   same in   return.    In past  years the town   has   builded up in  spite of depression, in spite of narrow  antagonism and sickly rivalry.     It  has asked favors of none, bat with an  open hand and loyal friendship has  extended favors to all.   That sanie  independence of argonaut days stands  forth" to-day,   and   the old  spirit of  friendship that animated those pioneers of the mountains and impelled  fchem  to   help  onward and  upward  friend and stranger a'ike,  is the animating spirit that is doing so much  to press forward the good name of  the town and  placing it in  the front  rank.  Let it ever be so. In this spirit  New Denver will go onward to the  destiny that awaits it.    Side  issues  Americans who consider themselves  is no more than Mr. Heinze's plan of | weI1 infm.med reallv imagine that the  campaign���part of an organized con-'  spiracy���to   enrich  himself and his  associates at the expense of this country.    For the Miner, under these circumstances, to assume the attitude of  pious abhorrence ot the C.P.R. is not  only to render ridiculous in the eyes  of the people, but to place the latter  on.the alert in guarding and conserving their' own interests for themselves.  The Miner is an enemy in the camp.  No one would accuse the  C. P. li.  any more than any other corporation  of initiating and constructing its great  enterprises   from   pure    motives   of  philanthropy; but it may be pointed  out that   the   people   of this country  have efficient control  over this corporation through the medium ot their  parliaments,   while  it is difficult to  discern how the powerful monopoly  composed of the Heinze-Corbin syndi  cate, which is domiciled in a foreign  city, and whose operations are devoted to drawing forth the wealth of our  Province for the enrichment of that  city,  can   be   controlled.���Victoria  Globe.   ANOTHER     BATE     WAK     IN    SIGHT.  Last year, about this time, Sir William  Van Home threw down his glove and  challenged Jim Hill, Mr. Hays and the  othei great railroad magnates to do their  worst. Sir William fairly glistened in  the splendidness of his isolation. He  defied the whole railway aggregation.  He refused to discuss peace with them  until after they had capituated. As the  year wore on, however, and as the fight  progressed, Sir William receded somewhat from the haughty position he had  taken. It became possible for the representatives of the other railways to see  him and his agents and later on he even  deigned to  discuss lerms  of settlement  Governor-General rules Canada.  Their own fellow-countryman, Sir  William Van Home, knows who is th��  real ruler of Canada.  But the president of the C.P.R. is too  modest to speak out. So long as Sir  William can retain his supreme power  he does not care who is the ornamental  sovereign of his country, and therefore  the regal airs of the Vice-Royal court  at Ottawa will increase United States  contempt for the down-trodden dwellers  in Canada.  It matters little to Canadians what  Americans think of them, but this conn-  try cannot exactly afford to be made  ridiculous by Rideau Hall's absurd imitations of real  -NELSON, B.C.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  MIN1XO  IXTERKSTS HOUOIIT,   SOLD   and BONDED.   INVITED   Abstracts of Title, lo mineral claims.  CORRESPONDENCE  r"  OTEL SANDON,  ^      "Tf  Telegram.  sovereignty.���Toronto  Religion   ami   the   Possum.  are   insignificant.    The  one  aim  of  with them.    Finally he came right down  every man, woman and child in this  camp is to advance, side by side with  each other, in friendliness and loyalty  to all those of sister camps who are of  the same spirit,  ignoring and abhor-  ing contemptible spirit,  at home or  abroad.  There is a little misunderstanding  between Prof. Joe Millward and the  band boys that ought not to exist,  and the sooner it is breached over, all  dissatisfaction settled and the band  placed upon a solid, agreeable basis  again, the better will it be for all  concerned.  Two years ago it was with difficulty  that the sum of S300 was raised to  celebrate in New Den ver. Th is year  $503 was subscribed in less than five  hours, "and still there's more to follow.'"  AN    KNKMV    IN    DlSOi'iSi-).  The Rossland   .Miner is pursuing a  campaign ot slander against the 0. P.  K.   under  the  guise   of  warl'-iro on  monopoly.    We ai-.' told to beware of  the Greeks when they come bringing  presents, and those whose sympathies  are appealed :.u by our eonreinporary  have much reason  to be suspicious of  the   motives   actuating   its    present  course.    The   Miner,    it   is  scarcely  necessary to   say:   is   the   property,  body   and   bones,   of    .Mr.     August  Heinze, a gentleman too well known  in British  Columbia   to be  described1  to our readers.    Mr. Heinze is a, very i ��om- to  enterprising speculator, against, whom  personally the Globe   has nothing to  say: but that, his organ should parade  in tiie garb of socialism is really too  funny  for expression.    When the C.  P. R. bought out Mr, Heinze's interest  in the Trail smelter and the. Columbia  & Western  Railway  Company,   the  Miner was either overlooked or not  wanted, and now  it is being used to  further Mr. Heinze's interests in other  directions.    The Miner's position will  from his perch and talked straight busi  ness. Then a settlement was arrived at  and the great cut-rate war of 1898 came  to an end.  And now it looks very much as if we  were to have another big rate war this  year. But the disturbing factor on this  occasion is not Sir William Van Home,  but Jim Hill, the president of the Great  Northern. We notice that Sir William's  emissaries have gone to Chicago to sue  for peace, but they cannot find the  enemy there. When last heard from  they were on their way to St. Paul, the  headquarters of the Great Northern and  the home of its celebrated president.  What the result of their negotiations at  headquarters may be time alone can tell,  but we anticipate it will be no easy matter to settle the differences that exisit  between the C. P. K. and the Great  Northern.  The.  war   is  already on.   The  Great  Northern has cut  its  rates  to the coast  and the C.P.R. will he  obliged to follow  suit.    Rate-cutting  promises to become  general within  a short time.    This certainly will   happen   unless   Mr. Hill can  lie called off.    The exciting cause of last  year's war was alleged secret rate-cutting  by   the   Northern    Pacific   and     Creat  Northern   RaUwajs.    The   trouble   this  year is of quite a different nature.    British Columbia is   the storm-centre.    The  Great   Northern   lias  a   spur   from Spokane,    running   into   tin;   rich    mineral  district  of  southern   British   Columbia.  The outlook' for business  in so promising  that .Mr. Hill   is  seeking   to e.\len<! bis  lines   in    -"veral   directions   throughout  British Columbia.'   In the iirst place, lie  wants a charter 'ruin the 1 .lominion ftov-  erumenl. for   his   so-cailed   Kettle   iiiver  Railway.    The O. P. It.   is   opposing his j  application.    Sir William was the means j  of defeating the  project,   during   the last i  session of   Parliament.     He is preparing'  tokillt.be   project   again -when   it comes  up. as it will inline   up,   during the present session.     .Mr. Hill does not intend to  waste all his powder at Ottawa, nor is lie  wait   till   Sir William   has outwitted   him  before   he begins the tight.  The  cut-rate  announced   bv  the  Great  Northern a week ago is the first shot that j  has been fired over the Kettle River pro !  ject this season.    The battle promises to  be ;i fierce one.    Jim Hill has put on his  war paint  and   feathers.    He is preparing for a war to  the  knife.    His plan of  campaign is many-sided.   It is not limited to a mere cut in  rates.    Mr. Hill has  started an   agitation  to  discredit the C.  P. R.   in   the   United   States.    He  has  secured  the   aid  of several   influential  journals in the west to excite the Ameri-  An incident told by the Rev. V. R.  Carroll in the November Homiletic Review makes apparent the necessity, hi  this transition period, of getting- the  negro inwardly right in order that his  relationship to society may be right.  We were driven out one Sunday from  Decatur, when we came upon a negro,  with a club in his hand and a.freshly  killed possum on his shoulder. We  stopped to examine his prize, and the  Colonel said:  "Mv friend, do vou know it is Suu-  dav ?"  "Sartin, boss."  ;'Are you not a religious man?"  "I are. Pse just on my way home  from church."  "And what sort of religion have you  got that permits you to go hunting on  Sundav ?''  ���'Religion? religion?" queried the  man, as he held the possum up with one,  hand and scratched his head with the  other. "Doesyou 'spectany black man  in Alabama is' gwine to tie hisselfup  to any religion dat 'lows a. possum to  walk right'across the road ahead of  him an' git away free? No, sah! A  religion that won't bend a little when a  fat possum heads you off couldn't be  'stablished round ye're by all the preachers in de univarse."  Dealers in_  T'nes  and Fragrant  Cigars.  Write for Prices.  Our Stock is the Largest in Kootenay  Sandon, B.C.  ^HIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to accommodate a large  number of Guests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found tbe best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  The Clifton House,  Buy your seeds at  Sandon.  Has ample accommodation* for a large number of people.     The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everyMifng  in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckle}', Prop.  i  Drug  and  Bool  New Denver.  btoro,  B. C.  ALWAYS FRESi  AMD GOOD  SLOGAN    ORE   SHIPMENTS  Total shipped July 1 to Dee. 81,  .1898.  17,994   tons.     Januarv   1st,    1899,   to  March 31st:  From Sandon.                                 Week.  Total.  3,1(>1  Last Chance    l->0  1,5*50  IS  IS!  Ajax    40  Sovereign ���   20  ISO  Ivauhoe   KMi  Treasure Vault      57  112  IS  From Three Forks  Idaho Mines   mo  Queen Bess   flji-t  lo  ion  From Whitewater.  Whitewater   lial  .Jackson      is  .���ili;".  .���,le  Wellington     til  11  From McGuigan.  Antoine    4.".  Rambler      ,����  in.5  Dardanelles   ��� so  Great Western    4S  From New Denver.  13 anil       -'"  .".-'< i  ���211  Marion   Fr.mi Silverton.  Fidelity.-   .*  r.-jo  Wllke'tie-lel   5KII  Fniilv Kelitli.      2(>  e',')  liM  Total ton?       77."  1) .741)  Big Assortment.  Onion Sets will  soon be on sale. Established  connection with t'.ie best'Seed  Growers in Canada. Give us  your order   Dealers in  Hardware,  Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners' Supplies,  Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & -Windows.  Sunday hours: 2 to :, p. in.  We do what we advertise to do.  pavelcFs  Will lind the  Arlington Hotel  a pleasant place to stop at. when in  SI can City.  GETHING- & HENDERSON, Proprietors.  W  S. Dkewky  Kaslo, B.C  H. T. TwiGii  New Denver. B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyor.-  Civil and Mining Engineers.'  Bedford, McNeil Code.  ��5rRaslidall & Fauquier. Agents.  w  W'litirif. (''('.fins. Swiss Foo.-l. Buckwheat Flour, Ilyiriciiic Flour and many  I'ther hi.u-it class I'omls always in stock  at Bourne Bros.  A car load of fresh ^mceries. iticlud-  iii'_!' a trrcat variety of canned o-oods just  received at Bourne; Bros.  J. K. CI  G. FAUQUIER.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nal-u.sp. H.C..  I have been appointed  agent for the Leth-  bridge Coal Co., and  will sell their products  at  reasonable   prices.  E. A. Cameron  SANDON.  i  WALKERS BAKER,  [{OWARD WEST,  Assoc. R s .M. Loudon, Kiil'  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST  & ASSAYER.  i'ropi'1'iie'i   I'Xainineii    ;ind    reported  em   ,,  ti'iidin.'.'- piirelia.-e'r.-'.  Assay eillire- and  Clieniieal   Lalioratory,  via* ave.. New I ten ver. P. (.'.  }['L. i-'RIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  SoLicrTOK, Notary PunLic, Etc.  Sandon, B. C.  >  J   H. MILLWARD,  ,3  New  Dciivei  N.  II.��� We ha ve.tiie mily praetiea  and EnionliJier el'Hii.': business in th  fe'itriiil ere ()<>:-(<*rs :iim1   K<')mir<*vs  ;      llixieTinkers mid   JOinhaliiUM's.  Undertaker  Slocan.  Reports made on  Mining Properties  in any section of Kootenay.  SANDON,  B.C.  FOR CROI IERS- BEADS- St An-  thuiiy'sMceisils, Little Chuplet ol' St. Anthony and Canccili'd Pnslaire Stamps, write to  Ageficv Bethlehem Apostolie School, 153 Shaw  St., Montreal, Que.  .7. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  ��5.  If  c  NEW DENVER.  HARRIS  NEW DENVER  General  Dravman, Ice,  Dealer in HAY, GRAIN,  ICE, WOOD, Etc  Livery and Feed Stables,   General  Dray ing1.    1 earns meet all boats and j  Trains.  Hav and Grain for Sale.  Filled.  9  Ice Houses  Livery and  Bait Stables. Sixth Yeae.  THE LEDUE, NEW DENVER, B.C., APRIL 6  m9.  WHY    IS   IT?  Why is it that we spend our time  Day after day, week in. week out,  In doing things we would condemn  If done by others round about ?  Why is it we can see so plain  The mote within a brother's eye  And be oblivious of the beams  That in our visual organs lie ?  Why is it, 0. why is it ?  i prise, g-rew up in a stagnant and  j povertv-stricken Irish village, and fled  i to the United States some 40 vears ag-o  search of bread   and work,   rather  in  Why is it, when a fellow takes  His dearest one to see the play,  He will repeat to her aloud  The good things that the actors say '!  Of course, it may be that she's deaf,  And that it's hard for her to hear ;  But if that's so, why is it he  Will purchase seats far in the rear ?  Why is it, O. why is if?  Why is it that;*. mai* who seems  To be intelligent, genteel,  Will spit upon the street ear floor  And smear it round with his boot heel ?  Why is it that he cannot see  His naAlness fills with disgust  The other passengers and feel  That he is being roundly cussed V  Why is it, O, why is it?  Why is it ladies crowd the streets'  With dresses trailing on the walk '!  And gather microbes by the score  As up and down they proudly stalk V  Why is it they refuse to wear ~  Skirts that will clear the filth and dirt,  And that won't lug into their homes  Bacilli that do mortal hurt,?  Why isit.O. why Is if V  THKEK    ST()N(i    MKN.  .Montana ns  W'lio      IIII VI!  Mark.  these mountains and enriches the United States and the world to that extent.  il  mines. That is a yreat fact for political  economists and capitalists and statesmen to ponder over.  And yet Butte is but of yesterday.    A  o-eneration ago it was a thousand "miles  from railroads and civilization.   Itcould  only be reached by coming- up the Missouri river in one of those dreadful stern-1  wheelers that wasted a whole season on j  the trip ; or it could   be reached from j  Utah over wild  rndian   trails infested;  by highwaymen.   Twenty years ag-o it'  was over such trails and by Missouri  river steamboats that all supplies reached the few  hundred trontiersinen who  were waiting-on Providenceand fortune  in the mountain  hemlet   which is now  the City of Butte.  But Butte, even then,  had such citizens as  Marcus Daly.    He  had chanced a deal on some, business or  other as an   emissary of Walker Bros.,  of Salt Lake City, and lie took a fancy  to the  Anaconda,  a  big-  quartz silver  prospect, and he bought it for twelve or  fifteen thousand dollars.   That purchase  led to groat things,    lie  soon found lie  bad a copper,  and   not  a  silver mine,  and he had to finance the development j j.'(^  of    the    mine- and   the    building   of!*-'*-  smelters for  the treatment and   reduction of the ore.    Nay, more,  he   had to  wait until railroads would come to take  jthan of   wealth   and fame;   and now  | Marcus   Daly   can   say to Montanans  'what Othello said to Vence :   "I have  I done the State some service, and they  | know it.''   He is, indeed, a benefactor  i of his kind,  for his enterprise, no less  ! than   his g-enius   and generosity,  has  jgiven employment to tens of thousands  and wealth and affluence to multitudes.  Daly is a man of medium height, with  a face and head that re-calls the classic  profile of General Phil. Sheridan.   Like  Sheridan, Daly is a born leader of men,  and had opportunity been given him,  he would have made his mark at court  or in the Senate or on the battle-field.  j Despite his many disadvantages,springing' from   lack "of early training and  education,  it is wonderful to hear this  man talk  on   politics and finance, on  commerce  and   science.     There   i.s a  robustness of common sense about him  that is refreshing, and the friends and  associates of his days of struggle and  obscurity are bis friends ana associates  still.   He i.s a fine type of the American  of the West.    This  is not  the place to  talk  of   the   achievements  of   Marcus  Daly on the  turf or of that wonderful  collection of race horses  which he litis  'raised  on  his great mountain ..ranch ;  Mneiio    Th.-ii-; j)llt, t|1(l   ,..u.(.   -101vst,  is Daly's joy and  | receation, for that sport i.s hisone relax-  j;ition from incessant care and labor  W. A. Clark, now United States Senator   from   Montana,    is   another   most  remarkable  product of the West.    Me,  too, is the architect of  his own fortune,  for he tramped over the western plainsj  in   poverty and obscurity  long-before'  the .railroads had reached the Platte or  The story of his early  camps of the Rockies  chasing the phantom of,gold, reads like'  the wildest romance.  Not all the wealth  of the world  could compensate him for  some   of   tiu; toils,   the sufferings., the  vicissitudes and the privations of frontier life a generation  ago in the mountains of  Utah and  Montana.    Many a  brave soldier of fortune perished in'thc  hunt for gold, while  others  have lived  to see the wilderness transformed into  gardens,   orchards,   grain   fields    and  meadows ; to see the   Rocky mountains  yield up their golden  stores to enrich  . .   .       , the world; to  see   rich   and beautiful  ���uggeu precipices | (.iti(,s     .i]]ff u     beside'the  Platte, the  ' .iei?,.H!e.^��.n.C.!.S Missouri, the Columbia and their tributaries, and prosperous and mighty states  supplant the wild and barren territories,  j over which, a generation ago, the blood-  ' thirstv savage" chased and hunted the  elk and the buffalo. W. A. Clark was  in the very midst of this transformation  scene. To look at him and at his)  diminutive stature and rather delicate  physique and his nervous manner, you  such a man  i generation,  the    sufferings    and    vicissitudes    of  frontier life.    And yet, you look into  that eye, and you see a soul of iron, a  adamant.   In  his  face to the west to  Butte, Mont.���-Butte folks tell you  triumphantly that their city never had  a liooiii, that it has grown to its present  pre-eminence its the best and greatest  mining camp upon the continent from  pure merit, not from the efforts of the j ji'fssoun nvers.  hustler and tho boomer. It i.s indeed j ijfc jn the miiiiii  a wonderful hive of industry, for planted here are 50,oo0 people, rich and  prosperous, proud and happy, aud over  at its suburb of Anaconda are 12,000  more who tire prosperous and busy because Butte is a fruitful source ol wealth  and labor.  There is not enough agricultural land  visible   from   the mountain   slopes of  Butte to sod   a lark     There is not a  shrub, or tree or (lower within it radius  olVmiles, save on thu  on yonder mountains iv  more powerful than the sulphur fumes  and the   crags too dangerous for the  woodman  to   kill   the   mountain pine.  There is nothing- here  but mining- in  dustry alone, and that mining- industry  is so'great that it  takes S50,000,000 '-'-  year in  copper  battle between the Butte & Boston and  the Boston & Montana companies on the  one side and F. A  Heinze on the other,  I have naught to say.   That battle will  prove one  of  the "most famous leg-al  battles in the history of the Republic.  Pitted against each other are the foremost lawyers and advocates of the west.  In  that   battle  also   are tho greatest  mining   experts   the    world   has   yet  known.    While the contest  lasts it will  cost either side nearly a half a million  a year, and it will take 10 years to adjudicate on half the cases.   There will be  skirmishes, charges and   battles   won  and lost on both sides, but heaven only  knows whom the decisive contest shall  name the victor.  Up to date the honors  are pretty easy; the Boston folks shut  down with an injunction from the district judge, a mine leaded by the Cario  Mining Company from Heinze.     The  lease was for IS months and. the lessee  was making, ��4,000 a day out  of the  mine.   After two  years   the   Federal  court of appeals decided that the Boston  people  were not entitled to any such  injunction, and that the district federal  judge did wrong in granting it; now  the Cario Mining-Company art;bringing  suit for  over ti million  dollars  against  the Boston  and   Montana  for  loss sustained from  inability  to operate under  the terms of the lease.    Again. Hein/.e  gives   another   lease   on   ground also j  injuncted   and   the   lessee' works   the  mine, but Heinze is immediately hauled i  up for contempt'and  fined  and  forced!  to abrogate the lease.    On the.oik; side,  Heinze is forcing- the Boston  and Mon- i  tana into  the  hands of a receiver,  and j  the   Boston  and  .Montana  is   working)  heaven   and  earth to  shut off Heinze j  from operating a single mine in Butte.  In this fight is the almost limitless 'can'-!  ital of the copper trust waging- a relent-i  less war   ag-ainst a young   man  nl'Hof  who practically stands alone.    But that j  young man in keeness of preception. in  ingenuity ami in  rapidity of execution  as well  as  in   complete   knowledge of  every subject  in  dispute,  is really the  master of  the situation.    He  is on the  spot and fighting for  his name and for-  WBMe08tMMM����&*B&&&��*9&H��**&M9mW&*W��&<&QQ*  There are  many ways  Of lifting  the load of  trouble    from   the  shoulders    of    the  weary,     wayworn  traveller as he passes on his way.      To  know jnst what to do and when to do it  has puzzled the minds of some of the  greatest hotel men of the age.      We do  not claim  any great superiority over  others, but  we  have learned  bv close  attention   to the   requirements  ot our  patrons what best pleases them and adds  to the  comforts  and  popularity  of our  house.    Pioneers of the Slocan were our  patrons when  the  clouds  of adversity  darkened the trails of every camp  in  Kootenay, and they are  with us still now when  the   suns  of prosperity Try    >|  shine forth   in  splendor |j[(JtC|  making mellow the heart *T        -^  ..f m��n. New Denver  ^fcfc^^-.JACOBSON & CO.  i@*j^|y��N  AND SCO LINE.  St. James  ��� ���'9 B  For those' who want tiie  EASTS WEST  To any point in United State.-s or Canada  Tourist Cars pass Kovclstoki' daily,for St. Paul  ���Thursdays   for   Montreal   and   Boston:  Tuesdays and Saturdays for Toronto.  First-class Sleeper on all Main Line Trains.  Tickets issued and Ba(.'j,'uire checked   to destin  at ion.   So Customs Difficulties.  CO.NNKCTIONS  Revelstoke and main line points.  SMakDaily: lv���DenverC. Sidinfr���ar: Daily If. 50k'  8:3;-.ke.\.Suii:IIv>Y Denver Ldg: ar ex. Sun .16:00k  NELSON, TRAIL, HOSSLANI', KTC.  ii.-.Vik ex. Sun: Iv X. Denver Lef.��: arex.Sun 14.00k  1*1  ^%&B^tt&99QQ96^��@&����8^i&^^m��Q��&����@&M9W  Ascertain rates  and   full   information   by ad-  dri'ssinw nearest local agent or   O. B. O ARRETT, A ���.'cut NV.v Denver.  W. F.  Anderson,  Trjtv.   1'ass,  Afjrt.. .Nelson.  K. .1. Coyle, Dist. Pass. A��i., Vancouver.  Mow to i-ret then* is via  ('. I'. Ry & Soo Line.  Suite Falls J lil-iem  SYSTEM.  *wtwjU"Mnajav3im��a/aJM*  i  <>-old and silver out of i  Last year it produced 300,000,000 pounds j ^ ��� think    ,   t  of   copper,   which,,, valued  at present  (.oul(1 |mve endured<  foi.  prices, would be some So5,00o,000.    The  two Dakotas and Minnesota do not reap  as big- a harvest from their wjlieat fields  annually as this single mining- camp of j,��jff d    resoluto as  Butte turmshes through toilers in. lt?lyouth, Clark set his  the copper to the markets.  During that j evcr  period of waiting- and development, of'  immense   expenditure   and   purchase.  Daly showed all the qualities of a great  general and a "rent  financier.    But at  last  the  railroads came.    Jay   Gould,  with that  wonderful  instinct of his for  traffic', built the   1/tah and  Northern to  the. Butt!* copper  mines,   and then the  Northern Pacific and the Great Northern  hove in sight.    Later on the railroads  were acting- imperiously   with Daly in  handling" his ores, and he built the Butte  and Anaconda  line  to show his power  and    independence      The    Anaconda  company has grown  til) it easily ranks  among the greatest business enterprises  in  the   world     It  owns  and operates  gold, copper, silver and coal mines.    It  runs electric light plants, water-works  and .railroads';   it  has   it's  own   coke-  ovens,  its own lumber mills,  its own  timber   lands,   its   own   smelters   and  refineries.    Vou can go into its department stores in Butte, in   Anaconda, ana  at Hamilton and he supplied with anything you need as easily as in Chicago.  It  builds  line  apartment   houses   and  hotels for its employer and for tourists,  aud it operates  them economically.    It  controls the copper  markers of Europe  and America, it is a vast  and gigantic  concern, and   it   is so   because it'takes  .-?-20,t)00,t.i'.)t)  a   vear   out   of   .Montana's'  mountains and   distributes  that, stream  of wealth among the toilers, the traders,  the railroads, the manufacturers and its ;  security holders throughout the  world.  Dale and his associates  have   been en-  ri.ciied   beyond   the   wildest   dreams of ;  avarice, by the wealth. nf the Anaconda  mines and hy his  own great  executive  genius,    lie is   indeed   the   architect of,  his own great  fortune,   for .wealihatid'  fame have come to him. fnuii the bosom  of mother   earth   as the   reward  of toil  and  labor   and   wonderful   enterprise.  Mis millions did not come from plunderer    ravage*!1   .Miriiio.:        !'  head   'big  eat oik  achieve fortune, and   he  worked and  toiled   and traded till   he  grew to be  independently  rich   and   a.  banker of  reputation.    Then   he.   traveled    and  studied and educated himself, and became  ambitious   to be a man among  men and a ruler in the land.    He want  ed a seat in   the   United States Senate  and he wanted  vast wealth to achieve  it.    Butte had opened up her treasures  to him aud made him a million or two,  mt that did not suffice.   Then Clark  j chanced upon a copper mine down in  | Arizona and  he  bought  it with Butte  j money     It is now producing 50,000,OOt)  pounds of copper a year,and I am assur-  I ed that Clark's  income  from   it is over  | 81,000,000.    And thus the gold hunter of;'  ! the past generation has come to build a  ': palace on Fifth avenue, to take his seat j  i in the. United States Senate, and to be-!  iconic a connoisseur  and ambitious to  j own the finest library  and art gallery  j on the American  continent.    There is '  J nothing to hinder his ambition now for  I not even the power and magnetism and  money of Marcus Daly   have  been able  keep   him   from bune or from  the!  United States Senate    Clark  and Daly!  have been rivals in politics and business  for 20 years; that rivalry has developed  into as bitter   a feud   as   the west  has  cnown.    Montana, is divided  into J  camps, and  almost every  man  in  the |  State wears either the Daly or the. Clark j  badge     Both men  are  Democrats, but. I  even Republicans  are  either "Clark orj  Daly  '.neii.    A   most  interesting  book j  couid be written on this long and bitter j  hght between   the   two   great  copper  kings of Montana.    At present thev are i  fighting iu the law courts for SU,Oo'o,()00 '  of copper ore  in   one.   mine,  and not a  pound of this  copper can be produced  till the court decides to whom it really  belongs.  Another Butte man is fast climbing to  proud' pre-eminence in the commercial  and financial world. When Clark nnd j  Daly were growing rich from the treas-1  ures hidden iu the Butte hills, and wag-!  ing a bitter war for supremacy in j  Montana politics, a youth was growing  up inCornell whom the gods had destin- j  ed to a more meteoric, rise than either, j  F. A. Heinze came to Butte eight years j  ago. a youth of -2-2 : after graduating at j  Cornell he studied iu the best scientific :  schools of Germany until he had become ���  intellectually an athlete and. a giant..!  '!'a'lk to him on any subject, scientific, j  literary, artistic, dramatic, or historic!  and you found new light from his e-on-j  versation and discourse. You felt, even '  then, that there was a great careerj  before��� tlii** young American, but none!  but himself saw opportunity for him in ;  Butte The Daly and the.Clark people. ;  the Boston am  Parrot people  M-riptive. right  iu the.se Burro I  thought he saw an oja'nin;  went I tack to Ne.v,' York a  enough money to build a modi'  and formed a company callce  tana       (')rc.       Purcliasin/.  tune; his opponents are in their offices  and banking' houses in New York and  Boston, and there are few of them but  are innocent of the merits of the contest,  and none of th��,m know the  resource,  the genius and the power of the man''  against whom  they are  waging war.  As I have  said  before,  it were .idle, if-  not criminal, to enter into the merits of  the case,  for  it  is still sub,juciico,nud  only the United  States Supreme Court;  can decide whether Heinze has surpass-'  ed  his  rights  in  following  ore chutes j  which he  found  in  his  workings, but I  which did not crop on  his ground.    If I  the Supreme Court decides that mineral j  /.ones   are   synonymous  with   lodes or j  veins, Heinzes without doubt will comej  out the winner.    Tf it decide to the con- j  trary, Heinze will lose.    And if he lose,  you will seethe greatest crop of damage j  suits in the   United States courts tliat j  has ever appeared above the.surface.     [  The sympathy of Butte and Montana j  is with Heinze in this fight; but that, ofj  course, eventually counts for nothing".'i  The questions at'issue  are vitally ini-j  portant and equally complicated, and it j  is well for the mining industry that they j  should be decided one way or the other.  It is to be hoped, therefore, that the  legal  battle will   go on, even  though j  multitudes of lawyers and experts con- j  tinue to grow fat on retainers aud fees, |  and Boston and New York stockholders,!  have  to accept diminished dividends, j  The copper mines of Butte will pay for!  all.   Several millions will be kept in the I  state and   distributed  among lawyers j  and  experts  and  witnesses and juries j.  which otherwise would go to fatten the:  dividends of New York "and New Eng-!  land folk.    This, of course, is one view!  of ,the question, and a pleasant view j  from the Montana standpoint. i  There is another  view   equally   ini-j  portant to the commercial world.   Were,  those   various   law  suits  satisfactorily  adjusted,  Butte could produce yearly  70,0110,000 pounds  of copper more than  at. present.    As it is, Butte will not pro-i  duce'as much copper in ISOn as it did in |  .1898:    it   will   probably   be  50,000,000 j  pounds short of its previous record, and j  that is a   serious result for  the copper j  trade of two continents     Butte, has the !  most valuable, and .most extensive min- j  oral deposits on the globe.    It i.s easy to I  see that for 50 years  more  it will con-)  tinue. to pour  forth   its mineral  at the  rate of fifty or sixty millions a year.    Of  course,   exhaustion   will   come  in   Ihe  end. for at the rate, of 100,000 cubic feet j  of rock a day,   which is about the aver-j  age daily output,  even the  mountains!  of Butte would disappear in a couple ofj  centuries,   and -the   quartz  lodes  aud i  miner's   will   of   course take less : and (  when 'die mineral is all extracted  and  the mines and smelters have all become  silent. Butte,  now so gay and prosperous,  shall   become as   desolate as  the  cities of the plain, and on the site of the  present city then; shall  be seen naught  but the shephardor the cowboy tending  sheep or cattle     The, glory and wealth  of Butte will he tradition and the greatness of  the Dalysand  the  Clark's and  the Heinzes  will lie no more;   for after  all. "We are such  stuff as  dreams are  made of..and  our little  life is rounded  with a sleep."���P. A. O'Farrell, in Vancouver World.  Ksl.'ihlislii'd isofi.  E. M. SANDILANDS,  HOTEL  F  J  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  JOHN V. PERKS, I'l'iji.  Ml  11 ll(  Mel  HOT AIR  :ated u v  1    Electric  Is and Lifflit in every room..  Lai-fie. nnd well lighted Sample Rooms  Hourly Street Car between hotel and  Station.   Free lius meets all trains   Kea.s on aide. Rates.  REVELSTOKE  Ful! Line  of fc'mtino-s and  Troiiseh'inffS'a]"'ays on hand.  NELSON & FKKTSHEl'I'ARDCO.  RV.X) MOUNTAIN' I1V CO.  [The all rail and direct route  between   the  Kootenay  ..District and..  All British Columbia Fonts  Pacific Coast Points  Pu��-et Sound Points  Eastern Canada and the  United States.  NOTICE.  U,rE' THE UXDKRS1(';XE>"' hereby frive n.aiee  II that the. pai'tnership hei-cloton* exi.siin.i;- between us, under the style or linn of Stetre, & Avi-  S'ni. as hotel kecjier.�� at the Ncwmiirhet hotel, at  New Denver, H C, has tin's clay been dissolved  hy nuxmal consent.  All .'U'Ciiunrs due to the lute linn of Stejrc &  A vise in iiinsr be paid forthwith to Henry Stcg-e,  and all accounts due hy .the s��iid lute firm will  be lvaid by Henry Steti-eV  MENUy.STEGE,  THOMAS AVISOX.  Wit(li'S.-: CllAIil.ESS. UAPHPALf., -  Notary Public.  Dated. Januarv _M, ISO!).  NAKUSP, B.C.  HOLESALE GROCE  Agents for B. C. Sugar Refinery and Royal  City Planing- Mills."  Connects at Spokane with  GREAT NORTHERN  RAILWAY  NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILWAY  O. B. R. & NA VIG ATION CO.  Leaves Nelson 9:40 a. m.  Maps furnished, Tickets ,?olil and information  given by local and eomicctiny line Ticket agents  C' G. DIXON, G. P. k T. A.  Spokane, Wash  INTERNATIONAL      NAVIGATION  &TRADINCCO.,  LTD,  Summer Time Card effective June 20. ISJift.  Suhject to change without notice.  N  orth Homed  Read up.  SS.   INTERNATIONAL  South Bound  Read down.  SAXDOX  Train lvs Dally. 1.00 pin   Train ar daily K'.50 am  KASLO  "   ar      ������      :i.l.") pm   Train Iv  trBoat Iv 3.3(i am    ���Kaslo���    Boat:  ���1.30 am    Ainsworth  C** " 5.fx) am  a " o.30 am  ��Boatarii.4(i am  7.lo am  Pilot Bav  Balfour  Five .Mile Pfc  Nelson  ^Train ar 10.05 am Nbrthport Train  =       "      1120 am   Rossland  ��?      "        3 10 pm    Spokane "  $.00 a m  .".'-��� S..10 pm n  7.30 pmK  i;.4r> pm =  li.10 pm-'*  ,   o.:.-3 pm ��  iv l.tr, pm'-���  Iv 1.55 pm_^>  12.05 pm~  s.-l'i am-5  tlv'atteiuled to and shipment  ., flvoi"'1"-.,,!.! i�� ���������*��� l''"<��viiici:   ���^������\..t'> lin>  .��***��*>  w^'  O*1  3f^: Tiie Liberal use  of printer's ink has  M | made fortunes  for  many a man  Jy-s,' who would have made a miserable  failure of life without it.  ,  , SS. ALBERTA,  d down. j.i  i_.     i   ' ' IH'.-id ii  .  Sandon  ly train Iv i.oi.i ,,,n Daily train ami so ;u,i  Kaslo  ������'���' ���'������'���"l I'111 ���' iv  s oi .,  Boat 1 v 5.00 i,m M'o&T  Boat ar 1 00 ! ,  "   .j.stipm Ainsworth Boat ar Jl.-ti, W  ���'    .-00���m   Pilot Bay        ������      11''^  ������ 10.00 pin Kuskonook       "  ������ 12.fin pin Goaf River      "  '  ������   1.00 am   Boundary        '���  ������ ar n.i.k) am Bonner's F'ry '    lv  Train Iv 11. to am       "       Train ar  ar 2..15 pm Spokane      "'     lv  ���S.eio pm:--:  "i.oo iirn.jj  5.00 pm^  2.1:0 pm*2  1.15 pm 5  7.50 .'iinT*  SPECI'A L KOOTENA V  LAKE SERVICE,  C'lmine'nciiit; .Tune 20, iSii.S.  f)n Monday. Thursday and Friday ss Alberta  will leave Kaslo 5 p. 111.'for Ainsworth. Pilot Bay,  and Nelson. Le.f.vinjr Nelson at S n. m., Tuesday. Friday and Saturday, eallinir at Pilot .Bay,  Ainsworth and Kaslo. nu'd all way points.  GEORGE   ALEXANDER, GeiVl )l-f-  P. O. Box 122. Kaslo. B.C.  .04 SLOCAN RY  ws  the.   Chirk  j   .Mriiittiii-i. folks ;imi  sce'iiH'il to   have, a   pre- i  In all   fhe vast treasures ���  lills      H11I votmu- Heinze  ;sn.|   he  raised ,  sitie'ker ���  ! the M.,11-  Cnimiany.  81  Of the successful business men of the  world owe their success to .���..������'.���..���..���..���.  printer's ink���and knowing- how  to use it. If the business'failures,  of tiie world were investigated  and their causes recorded it would  be found that where one failure  occurred owino- fo other causes,  there would he .' ) attributable.  * directly or indirccrly. to a lax.-..-..-,  use of printers ink. ************  -f  TIME CARD  Taking- effect  1.00 o'clock a.  m  Jan. 3,   1899, Pacific or I20fch Meridian time.  Subject to change without notice  .cave 8..K. A.M.    Kaslo A ,'rive. , .-.=��� P.M  s -1- .->oiii*li b .,i|-       ������       ;��� 1MI     ..  P-  ��  .Mi.  star  yea  Ha*  nee  "I" !  ���diriiies  ainoii:  In'1 wor'  i.e  i" .the  ii. fi li  ed proviiiees  (.-.-in hold his  princes and u-  his fortune did not have its ���'(iiiiidat'ioii  in the tears and plunder nf nations, as  so many of the fortunes of the. so-called  '-rreat ones of tiie world I. clou!-t . if  there he another industrial e.ntertirise.  In rhe world com para hie to the Anaconda- ft dishurses more wayes than  all the mills of Lowell and Fall River  combined. It pays more toils workmen  than the entire State of Kansas does for  the labor thnt-reaps its wheat crop. It  distributes more r,o its employees than  Louisiana does to the toilers that gather  its cotton crop ��� and the creator, so to  speak, of this great and successful enter-  ii i)i the ascendant  and at 3>> lie is rich and  I. have seen this youth bend  ; Ui 'his wili : I have known  over the cabinet nf the- Cau-  ffeinze':--  for sewn  powerful,  icnslature  li it'll to win  dian Dominion- 1 have seen him enter  into a contest with the ivre-af '"-inadian  f'acii'ic ','ailroad with as niticli complacency as a trained --rblctc enters' the  riiii:': and now lie is eno-ao-ed in a contest where, on one side he stand'- alone.  ^.\>:i>'>.\.  !.*'  li.llL.-lll   ailel  i-'lll    Pl-elJH'I'lit..  I.'i'.. ...,.���(��� NF..  MAIi'SHAI.,1,.  II. C.  Sol.!,   r;  I're  'I- Sill.-.  ���lii'liel .  isv  ���fit  lit I  *rder your Printing     ���(i,   :nowl!owio advertise I: TBe PrasDectors* Assay omce  ;)/> '���   ft :)o    ������      Sni'oiilo's  )))) "   ti i:>    ���'      Wliitfiw-nt-t--  {W ������   si ,V,     ���'       Ko:irI.;ika  m " 10 1-2     ���'       Alcfiui^aii -'���       I   I.-,     "  l-rOd ������ io ;:.'!     "       Baili'v's ������       J .11     ������  })(i_ ���'  10 L'.'i      "        He,(iV .luiii'tion   ������        i  -2;..  fe","! A it.  in to     ������       Sandon l.i'iivc 1  I.".  0,.. j CODV    LINK  I.c.'iv,'. II."'a.ill ��� Siiiielun  ���   Arrive.   I i .Vi a.ui  11.1"    " ('-.,<lv .(iincri'iii   I."a ve. ll,;'i i a.m  ',  i Arrive. n.'.T.   ������ ' Coelv ������     11.:!'. a.m  w ', liOHT. TivVING,  W i 'I-ranic Alnirr.'  >Hi\ (tEO. f. copkland,  )))>. ���: Siiacriiit.eiMioi.i  I ;'     Kur ciie'.-iji  r.'iilreiHil ,'iinl ..-te-ainsliiji tickets  to  j  j and I'imiii all   i.ioint��,  al'ply t'  Utf-'S.   fA.VrPBKLL, Ajrent, Sandon.  U i  dentist.  .railliiito  A nierii'.-ci e  'I.  I 'I;  The  and on the othei  of New York and  other man would  at such a contest,  and  cheerful   like  "for  you know,''  ve the.^-reat capitalists  Hoston.    Almost any .  stand   hack appalled '  but   he  stands erect '  a   o-ladiator  at bay. ;  lie   said  to me only:  Nakusp,  \Y,i  yesterday, with a shake of his handsoim!  Napoleonic head, "how dearly 1 love a  well contested irallaiit fio'ht."  As to the  merits  of  the  o-reat   le.o-al  , a comfortable hotel for travellor?  to stoji at.  Those are the osscuriai points, [f v<,\\  KN'MW HO\V surocss v.-ill fol'low  ���ij'y<��'i I>'>. -All niYU aflinii  tli.-it o'ot.(! advui-tisiim-iiiii! jirtistic  . prinriii.u- on lcvn.-,- !:o;i(!s. bill.���..-./..���.  I'OjkIs. on\-o!oncs. business v.inls  (���ic. wiil draw rviuiv. If Von are  rn business you want, to increase  tnule nnd pi'ofits. Tiie loo-jeal  way of doinn- it i.s aj)pai-ent.*****  Tho columns of The Ledge are at  your service; onr job-plant turns  out  high  class, artistic primmer.  w  1  Brandon, B. C,  Assay Price  List  Mrs. McDougald.  :Yi     <;,!'!, Silver, ..r I..-.-.il. each .   j'/'- : i;ohi. silver eiml I.o.-kI. ������������mil,iin*��l   '���':���..  i (tiilii and Silvi;i- ���,���   ��� ]'.!  i Silve-r and  Lead   ��� ���'���';       ( ���<>]::fV '"lev   Kleelro1 v-i-   ji;.  . f'ieild. Sil\:i'r. ��."Iel,�����:���  ..mi Le-a.-:   Vli,    '  Cr'illl Jillll  CeV|l|!('r         .;(���     Silv.r anil C.i'e.'n'i-   '{JS    fJ.elil. Silver and c.ii,c.-r   /j'S'j ' I'l.-itiimii'i   Y.'>i  j .Mercury   ;:l;  , Ireiii or Maii^ranc-ei'   [(IJ  '��� lyiinc,  .Mniriii'<iiiin,  l-fariiim.  silica. Snl  h)) I I'hur. e.'ach   p\j  | l.iisiiiuth.Tiii. Cobalt. Xiclo I, A iiriiimiiy.  0.\)  |        Zinc, and Ar-i'iik'. eae-li .'..  W< j Coal 'Fixed Carln.ii. Volatili- .Matter. \-b.  j and nercuntairi' of (V.kc. if Coking  ;        Conl'i   Terms:   Cawli 1i\'itli Saniplo.  Jlllie^Otll. lUiin.  FRANK DICK,  Assayt't* and  Antilv'Nt  >'l..Vi  ."I C(l  :' oo  i' IVI  ���2 CO  1 or>  -.' .w  ���2 .'���('  .'���; oo  a (10  2 On  ���2 00  ���I 00 THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., APRIL 0, 1899.  Sixth Yea��  A    LAUGH   IX    CHURCH.  She sat on the sliding- cushion,  This deer, wee woman of four-,  Her feet, in their shiny slippers,  Hung dangling over the floor;  She meant to be good ��� she had promised,  And so. with her hig, brown eyes.  Shi' stared at the meeting house windows  And counted the crawling flies.  She looked far up at the preacher.    ,  But she thought of the noney bees  Droning away at the blossom::.  That whitened the, cherry trees,  She thought of a broken basket.  Where, cnrled in a.dusty heap,  Three sleek, round puppies with friinjy ear*  Lay snuggled and fast asleep.  Such soft, warm (iodic- to cuddle.  Such queer little hearts to beat,  Such swift, round tongues to kiss.  "  Such sprawling, cushiony feet :  She could feel in her clasping fin gei's  The touch of the satiny skin.  And a cold, wet nose exploring  ' The dimples under her chin.  Then a sudden ripple of laughter  Ran over the parted lips ���. ���  So quick that she could not catch it  With her rosy finger lips.  The people whispered :  -Bless the child,"  As each one warned from a nap.  But the dear, wee woman hid her face  For shame in her mother's lap.  ���Pittsburg Times.  A    DKAD    JIKTKOrOLIS.  Major Lamar Fontaine, of Lyons,  Miss., the widely known and accomplished civil engineer, has just returned  from a professional engagement in  Desha, Drew' and Ashley counties,  Arkansas, and brings a story of the  largest city in the world.    He said :  ''In a recent survey I passed through  the largest "metropolis of the known  world yet discovered. On a direct line  east and west for 30 miles and as far as  my eye could reach the ruins still continued. Turning north for a distance  of 25 miles, the ruins did not end. Computing the uvea surveyed by me and  estimating that each dwelling contained  live; inhabitants, 1found that 11,000,000  of people had their homes in this great  city. This city is spread over three  counties, namely, Desha, Drew and  Ashley, in the state of Arkansas, and  was the grand metropolis of the prehistoric race called tin; mound-builders.  "These  people   numbered   countless  millions,  and  the  Ya/.oo  valley'of the. j  Mississppi was their field.   The entire j  delta of the Yazoo was in a high state of j  cultivation.   Every acre was utilized for j  agricultural purposes and was the chief j  source of   revenue for the busy little i  extinct dwellers.   Thousands of canals '  -were dug and used by  them  for u-rga-  tion   and    navigation,   and   countless  pottery factories show that they manufactured   superior   articles of earthenware for domestic purposes.   Pots, cups,  plates and    baskets    in   sundry    and  various   patterns   yet   exist,   some in  beautiful colors of red, white and black  enamel, with figures of man,  bird and  beast raised or   cut  in intaglio upon  them. ��� Many acres are covered six feet  deep with the bones of their unknown  people, and their teeth, yet sound and  perfect, can be picked up by the hatful  at this distant day.  "They were a small people, and their  anatomy is precisely the same as that of  the Chinese/in every particular. They  came to this country from the overcrowded regions of China. 1 have  "traced theiWfootsteps from the shores of  Kamschatka and Sibeiia across the  Aleutian isles, down the western shores  of America, across the continent to the  valley of the Mississippi and many of  its tributaries to the northern eon lines  The    rising    miasma    finds    its    way  through   the floor and  permeates carpets and furniture   ana beds.    Baby  falls sick of a fever, and presently is  carried tenderlv away to its tiny mound  in the cemetery.   Its grief-stricken parents mourn1 for a  season,   and finally  become reconciled with  the consoling  thought that it is all -somehow a pro  videnc-e of God.    It  is  no  such thing.  j God has nothing to do with it.    ft is all  ; due to  rotten potatoes.''   Sunlight kills  j germs within a  short time.    Germs are  : not found in mountain up-ands.   They  ! must   have   moisture,   dampness   and  < darkness    Thev multiply in  the dark,  j damp cellar, where neither sunshine nor  : air currents invade to molest  them.    It  ' is there they feast and   set up  their  i colonies and' mingle in  my raid forma-  ! tions, have their empires and republics  ; and despotisms, and send  forth their  i armies and navies seeking whom they  j may devour.  '     DIAMOND    DttiLI.    PROSPECTING.  of Mexico. There they cease- No trace  could 1 find in South America. Coming back to the! Yazoo-Mississippi  delta, we find that 90 per cent, of all the  streams or bays that flow through it  were dug by these people and all the  gateways point to the great metropolis  beyond the Mississippi in Arkansas."  COMMON-SENSB   HEALTH   NOTES.  Concerning the frequency with which  meat, may properly be given to children,  and regarding the time of day best  suited to its administration, opinions  differ widely A medical writer believes, on the basis of his own experience, that children under five years  do best with only one meat meal a day,  this being best given in the morning  or at noon. After live years both the  breakfast and the mid-day meal may  include some meat. An fdeal dietetic  schedule, however, for most children,  would embrace eggs at breakfast, meat  at noon, and bread and milk at night,  appropriate cereals being supplied with  the eggs and meat. Ail meats for  children should be carefully cut into  little pieces, and children old enough  to cut their own meat should be cautioned to make the pieces as small as  possible.  Medical   Press:    It   would   surprise  many intelligent people to be told that  a chill is a sign  that there is fever, and  that sweating is usually a sign that the  fever is abating.    Yet such is the unvarnished  fact,  and it would be well  for it to be generally known.   Cold is  merely a debilitating agent, the effects  whereof will  vary according to the individual.    It  throws   a  strain  on   the  organic machinery   and   the weakest  part gives.    If the  machine as a whole  is in good trim, nothing happens beyond  a  little    temporary   discomfort.    In   a  rheumatic person���it  may   determine,  pains  in   the joints: in  another, bronchitis; in a third,   kidney trouble ; and  so on���iu short,   it  picks out the  weak  spots, and converts weakness into disease.   Colds are notoriously infectious,  and  the   places  where colds are most  frequently    caught   are  places  where  ventilation   is defective and where microbes abound, as in theatres, churches,  railway carriages, and the like, so that  even the symptoms of the old-fashioned  cold  are  for the  most  part  the  result  of  microbial   infection  and not  of exposure  A person with a sound  constitution.  an   active,  liver,  normal  skin, healthy  kidneys, and strong heart action, i.s in  little "dana-er  from  germs.    Germs  lie \  in wait lor weak people     There are two :  not like.   ( hie  is  sun- i  other  open   air     The  bats and owls, its cob- ;  and  debris, is ;m ideal  health   report   compared   to  the cellar. ';  dark, dingy and  damp, with its decaying vegetable? and musty smells.    The ,  musty whiff which comes from the hidden nook in the cellar is populated with  a nV>ck of disease germs compared with  which   the   frogs   which   were  sent   to i  plague Egypt where but  a very lonely ;  company.    Henry Ward  Beecher once ;  said:     "The  thoughtless   farmer  permits his   jeotatoes   to   rot  in   the cellar.  T. R. Deacon, manager Ontario Gold  I Concessions, gives the ��� results' of his  i experience in prospecting with the  ; diamond drill in an article in the Rat  j Portage Miner.    He says :  Three different kinds of drills are  : made, one being what is called hydraulic  I feed, or its thrust being produced by  j hvdraulic pressure; one having what is  ! called positive feed, or being forced for-  I ward a given distance in a given number  ! of turns, which ratio may be altered to  | some extent; and one having spring  j feed, its thrust being given by a spiral  ! spring, and which may be increased or  ! diminished at will by simply tightening  I or lossening the nut that compresses the  i spring. For this climatea nd the nature  I of the rock to be bored I prefer the  i latter.  i     Now,  as to  the method  of applying  j the drill in   prospecting,   let us suppose  that we have what  often  occurs here, a  I showing on  the surface that seems  to  j some extent   promising and   yet  we are  j not sure whether there is any extent of  ! vein or  whether  it holds  out iu depth.  ! We want, to find  out. at the least cost of  j money and in the shortest possible time.  In a district or locality  where  there has  been   considerable   surface  disturbance'  and in a position to be to a certain extent  positive of the nature of our deposit,    if  we sink a shaft to a depth of 100 feet the  total cost will   be   very close on $3,000,  and the time  consumed  will   be at least  four months.    If the shaft is made large  enough  and   properly  timbered  it  will  cost more and take longer.    If the property turns out good then   the shaft is all  right, but if not we are  out the $3,000.  With   the   sain*   amount  of money 10  holes   might  have   been   bored with  a  diamond drill to  the  same  depth at intervals of   say   10 feet   apart along   the  strike of the vein and the   vein sampled  ���for a length  of 100  feet,  and   the work  done in  two  and a  half  months.    But  as the   holes are   seldom   bored  in the  plane of the  vein,   the machine placed  off the vein at a distance of say 100 feet  or so to one side, and the hole bored'at  such an   angle   as to   cut the   vein  at a  given depth  we have  the additional advantage of Icross-cutting the country for  a considerable distance on each  side of  the vein, and encountering and locating  any parallel veins which may exist, or Of  finding our own vein should  any slip or  fault have occurred  in  it     In addition  we have a clean, neat, continuous sample  of ore across our vein  from wall to wall  at the  point where it i.s  cut,   and  also  samples of the v, all rock, and from these  can be learned a great deal of what we  may expect to  find  when mining is begun.    If  the  ground is  seamv  and the  rock  very   schistose   the   core   will  be  broken up into   small  pieces, and  this  would indicate that the ground is leaky  and we may have trouble  with water in  our  mine, consequently,   when  buying  our  first   machinery   we   will   provide  sufficient boiler capacity and a pump of  good size to handle the, water.    On the  other hand the core  may come  out in  long, solid pieces and the hole may hold  the   water   from the   drill all  the way  down, and this will be a pretty good indication that we will have a drv shaft.   I  A    LETTER   FROM   JERRY.  Nelson, 24th March, 1899.  ���'Mr. Editor of The Ledge,  Sin,��� I was at the Babtis church this  morning and I heard Mrs. Adjutant  Langtry. matron of the Salvation Army  rescue, of Spokane. I can't let ber  words past without making any remarks. I was affected and many-more  like me. It is pleasant to hear an old  laday like .Mrs. Lang-try not to be  dumb, when you can do'any good to  man   kind.    (Jesus   was   casting-   out  devils, and the same was dumb) Luke  11, 14.    What a deplorable condition it  is to be dumb, to be unable to exchange  one's thoughs and ideas with other, uiid  I know of a dumbness wich is still more  deplorable   and   more    terrible    consequences than this, it is the dumbness  of those who are fluent  in speech, but  are silent when it is their bounden duty  to   speak.    For   example,   behold   an  assemblage where ther is earnest discussion concerning business, profit, and  loss per centage and dividends ther is  no dumb person amongst it, in the hotel  restorants depots, in the street, even in  immoral  house   and    on   trains   wher  daily events,  politics,  election, strikes  or labor   questions are  discussed, ther  is no one who is dumb; but enter one of  those' circles and as a good   Christain  turn  the conversation  on salvation of  soals, of iinoral.  being,   and of Jesus,  Mary,   to   death,    sickness,   &c ,   and  eternity and then you will see astonished face's all those who a short  time ago  were so loud in ther speech,at once have i  become dumb, but no what did I say  Now, they begin to laugh and one will  exclaim behold the devotee,  the begot,  1 wonder, if he is not erazey. or loss his  senses.   Thus he exclaims and theother  approve, but   how   will   those persons  who are wholly dumb regard the greater gloi-y of  God   and   tho salvation of  their soul pass their time in eternity by  weeping and gnashing of teeth or,enter  into this or  that  house  there you  will  find godless children and servants from  morning to night yon  will curses, blas-  pheinus  and   immodest   conversations,  dav after   dav   vou will  IMegOmt  Sacrifice  As I am leaving Sandon  I am  selling my  large  stock of.  ���$���  see b'efor you  the fighting,  speeches, but  Where is the  is permiting such a manner  The father is indeed there  the   picture   of   hell   in  quarreling and drunken  may   be you   will   say,  father who  of acting.  Watch��! ,  Jewelery,  Clocks and  Silverware  at the very lowest possible prices. I wish to  clear out the whole line.  This is the opportunity  to secure bargains. . . .  Being the only Scientific Optician in the  Slocan you will seethe  need of having your  eyes properly fitted with  glasses before my departure, which will be  very soon.  G, W, GRIMMETTy.  Jeweler a:mdl Optidaai,  Sandon,  To the Ladies of  tendon and  o  o  GREETING:  ���We have on hand  about 400 pairs of Ladies' and Children's  shoes which we are to dispose of at a  sacrifice in order to make room in our  salesroom for new stock now on the road.  The stock includes a fine line of Tie,  Strap and Buckle Slippers in Tan and  Black Ladies' lace and button shoes-  latest styles.  Quilted Satin and Felt Slippers.  Children's Spring & High-heel shoes  A special line of Boys School Shoes.  E. R. ATHBRTON CO., Ltd,  POST OFF1CH STORE. SANDON.  >\   fi 8 f\.  but the "poor man is dumb, lie is not'  dumb inasmuch as he scandelizes his  household by his wicked conversations  but he is bumb, in performing parental  duties in his blind affections for his  children he allow them full liberty and  what is more terrible the knowledge of  his own guilt close his mouth.  Jerv Rohii.i.aru.  An Irishman was in the habit of getting drunk and the priest told him  when it occured again he would turn  him into a rat. Pat came home one day  drunk and said to Biddy his wife,  "Biddy, if you ever loved'me love me  now. and 'when you see me getting  smaller and the hair commencing to  grow, for God's sake, Biddy, keep your  eves on the cat.*"  \\  MIV.  DI.FQ  SniS'  i  Scsofew  Is not always at your  command in a mining  camp, but you can  get the best on the  market   .   We have just received a large consignment of thoroughly up-to-date goods  from the leading Eastern dealers.    The prices will not allow the goods  -to remain long in stock.       Call early.-  AT HOBEN'S  found this to be. the case in sinking a  shaft to a depth of 150 feet, SO feet below  the level of the lake, which was only 200  yards distant, an.l the shaft was quite  dry. Of course it will be remembered  these are only indications.  One advantage of the diamond drill is  that it does not at  one  hole  show any  considerable area of the cross section of  the vein, and this is often urged against  its use, as it is said yon may hit the vein  at a  particularly  rich  spot or at a particularly poor spot,  ot   you   may hit it  where the vein may have suddenly narrowed in or widened out, and thus get a  totally  false conception  of the value or  size oi the vein, and'that a few feet either  way would show quite a different result.  This is quite true,  but the way to overcome that ia to  bore a number of holes  from the  same  point, one   below the  other; this will test its width at various  depths, and then  bore a series of holes  along the strike of  the vein,  and in this  way a great   area   of the  vein  may   be  sampled   very   cheaply and  in  a short  time, or a few holes may show from the  nature of the   vein  matter  that  the deposit is of no value and  money  may be  saved by not developing it.    In the case  of prospecting and locating ore bodies of  minerals which do not occur in veins but  in irregular massive deposits such as iron  I or nickel the diamond  drill   is very expensively  used; in   fact,   for the deter-  j initiation    and    the   extent    of   these  particular kinds of  mineral   bodies they  ; are almost  exclusively   used   in   many  j sections in preference to shaft sinking.  !     I must say in conclusion,  that 1 am of  i the opinion  that  a  diamond drill skill-  j fully and judiciously   used  is a splendid  ! scheme for cheaply and quickly prospect-  ! ing property, and that the disadvantages  I are largely   outweighed   by   the ad van-  j tages.  i .   _ ���  Japan    Will    Protect    in    Vnin.  Bourne Bros, have just received a  consignment of Spring Goods, Oil Cloth,  Sheetings, Tickings,' White Canvas,  Blue Demins. Outing Flannel, Swiss  Muslin, Velveteen. Ielts, Straw Matting, Floor Rugs, Mats, Hosiery, Negligee Shirts, Dress Lining and many  other articles required by the citizens  of the Silverv Slocan towns.  The Ledge office is -working a nice  shoot of high grade job printing, and  shipments'are" being made to many  camps. Call in and assay the samples.  The bulldog is chained up and there is  no danger of getting knocked down by  the wind from our big cylinder press.  F. Pyman has again commenced to do  business in New Denver. Bring your  watches to him when they are out of  order.   Bourne Bros, have a nice line of  Field, Garden, Flower Seeds and Onion  Sets. Anything not in stock can be  procured upon short notice.  And if you find it hard  to get first-class canned goods, butter and  eggs, fruits and vegetables, you should. . .  SANDON-  ROSSLAND  NEW DENVER,  Provides ample and pleasant accommodation for the traveling public.  Telegrams for rooms, promptly attended to.  HENRY STEGE, -    .    - -       -     ' - Proprietor,  TRYHOBEN  A large stock of gents'  furnishings to select  from; also miners'  supplies and hardware  ATHOBEN'S  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Monday, Monday Fractional,   Sunshine,  lvasa Fractional, Yakima, Oregon  and Mine Mineral Claims.  Situate in the Slocan Milling Division of "West  Kootenay District. Where located: At  the head of Howson Creek.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, William S. Drewry, act-  1 ing1 as agent for the Sunshine Mining Company, 'Limited. Free Miner'.-? certificate  No.12071 A. intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply' to the Mining Recorder for  certific.'ites of improvements, for the [impose of  obthiiilug.il crown grant of each of the above  claims.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificates of improvements.  Dated this aist dav of 'October. 1898.  W. rt. DREWRY.  Mail orders.  New Denver,  B. C.  Havana  Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Sloean Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On  North Fork of Carpenter Creek, about one  and one-half miles from Three Forks, IS. C.  rpAKE NOTICE that 1. E. M. Sandilands. F. M.  1 O. No. lllMi'A. auent for Henrietta Gint/.liur-  aer. F.M.C.N'o. 3*=!3ir> intend.(10 days from the date  hereof, lo apply to the Mining Recorder for a  Certificate of Improvements, foi- the purpose of  obtaining;! Crown Grant of the above claim.  Ami further take notice that action, under  section 37. must be coiniiieiii-ed before the  issuance of such cert iliciite; nf Improvements.  Dureil this -Ith elay of March, !��!��!>.  Daisy,   Eastern,   Hampton,   Victory mid  Clarence Mineral Claims.  Jas. M. Patterson  &  Co.  Dealers in  ASLO HOTEL  Family <5c Commercial.  arge  And  Stationery  and a complete line of  $1.00  By using" the New Denver envelope in your  correspondence. Printed with your name in  the return corner, and  sold by The Ledge at  FIRST HUNDRED,  FIFTY   CENTS   each   subsequent hundred.  Goods  Eyes tested and glasses  fitted for any vision  Whitewater, B.C.  ���m  Comfortable  Rooms  ^  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates 12.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Propi-ietors.  ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP TICKETS.  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information to any C. P.  Ry agent or���  G. B. GARRETT,  C. V. li. Agent, New Denver.  WM. STITT, Gen. S. S. Agt., Winnipeg.  BRICK  FOR   SALE.  ���JOHN   GOETTSCHE,  NEW DENVER.  F.E. MORRISON, dds.  DENTIST  Crown. Plate and Bridge work.  Office, Broken Hill Blk.  Nelson.  T-  thinys they do  shine, -mil tin-  g-arriit, wir.li its  weWs ami   dust  The   Provincial   Government   passed  lrtws to prevent, the employment of  Chinese and Japanese on semi-public  works and in underground coal mining.  Japanese Consul General Shiminezi  states that his empire's foreign minister  and ambassador in England will together  call upon the imperial authorities to  instruct the Dominion Government to  veto the legislation insofar as it affects  Japanese. In view of the recognition by  the empire of the full colonial rights of  self-government on matters of internal  policy, it is ,'thought that both the Imperial and Dominion authorities will decline to interfere.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: West  of Howson Crc'i'k. near the Alamo.  1AKE NOTICE that I, \V. S. Drewrv. as agent  for The Scoltish Colonial Gold Fields. Ltd..  P. M. Cert. No. 3��32")A. and George W. Hughes,  F. M. Cert. No. (MO'ifi. intend sixty days from the  date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder  for certificates of improvements for tho purpose  of obtaining Crown urants of each of the above  claims.  And further take i:otice- that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificates of improvements.  Dated this ;.".;th dav tef January. is:i:i.  JL'fi ' W..S.l)REUrRV.  ljot S3��G���Gladstone Mineral Claim.  Choice  llazelwooi  Lemons,   Fresh    Egg*  Butter at BotirneBros.  and  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of W est  KootenayDi-iti'ii'.t.   Where located: About  live miles east of McGuigan Station of the  Kaslo  and  Slocan  Railway, adjoining the  Cariboc   Mineral claim of the  Rambler and  Cariboo Con.   Gold ami  Silver Mining Company.  rPAKE NOTICE that I,  Robert  E. Palmer, as  1    agent   for   Edward  Million.   I<\  M.   C. No  U1537, and A. W. Sietrle. F. M.C. No. KI52A. intend  sixty dav.s from the date hereof to apply to the  Mining 'Recorder for a  certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a prown grant  of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be. commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this -Jtith day of January, 18D9.  You Can  ave  By -selecting; your  BROOCHES  PENDANTS  NECKLACES  BRACELET  RINGS  Set with Diamonds  Emeralds, Opals, Pearls,  Rubies and Olivines  From  the  immense  stock  of Watches in Solid  Gold, Gold Filled, or Silver Cases, in all sbzes  from the smallest  in  Lady's to  those  suitable foi* the most severe work.  fcsPEverything in clocks for either Office, Hall,  Mantle or Bedroom. There is nothing in British  Columbia as a:ood in  Jewelerv and Silverware.  The Well-Known  1847 Rogers Bros  this store -will he  attended to.  good  and Reliable Meriden Britannia Hollow-ware and  .  Knives, Forks and Spoons. Goods bought in  KXGKAVED FRKK. Orders   by  mail  promptly  JACOB DOVER, Nelson, B. C.

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