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The Miner Sep 5, 1896

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 vg-nfeff**^^  THE MINES IN KOOTENAY ABE  AMONG THE RICHEST IN    "  AMERICA  ttsi**tiiMss*8assiti������BBitsS&a������augpi  ���������,-,-,,.,���������>..'.���������-  *���������-���������*''."*  "'_-   ' ���������**'"  .?'?*���������  . ..-''-:  E OHE8 AEE HIGH-GRADE  N  aOLD, SILVER, OOPPEB,  :'..   ..AND.LEAD.>    .  Whole Numhek 315.  Nelson, British Columbia, Saturday, September.5,'. 1896.  Price' Five' Cents.  W'  v .  METAL QUOTATIONS.  NEW YORK.  Aug.-    2.")      31 Sept, 1       2 3  s_LVRK..wi....a....������K_..._<rj...etii  LKAP....230....285...2'"t....250...2S0  NEWS OF THE GAMPS.  PRODUCE OP THE MINES.  RETURNS FOR 1������9_ UP TO DATE  OHK TBEATED IN KOOTENA-.  AC Nelson    At Pilot Buy   At Trail''   ORE EXPORTED.  From Slocan via Kaslo   Slocan via Nakusp   -    Ainsworth   Trail Croek (gold ore)   Tons..  .20,754  ....Uli*  ..10,420  50,2.3  . 7,310  . 5.203  . 534}  . 5,SSi7_18.58l  . r'.S74  * In addition 505.Ions of imported orb have  been treated at Trail. ������������������  PRODUCE OF SMELTERS.'  NcUon (Hall Mines) Matte   Pilot Bay. sil ver lead bullion   Trail Smelter   OBE SHIPMENTS.  Return* since Laxt Week.  1 VIA NELSON.  Silver King to Nelson   _���������    VIA    AINSWORTH.  Highland to Kverett   No 1   ' ���������" ��������������������������� '��������� ������������������  Milo Point      "    VIA'TRAIL  Lo Uoi to Tacoma   War Eiv*;le to Helena   Poorman*-       "    Josie to Tacoma     VIA  NAKUSI*.  Slocan Star to Omaha     Idaho to Omaha   VIA  KASLO.  Ruth to Everett   Washington to Everett   Slocan Star to Pueblo   R E Lee to Everett   Slocan Surprisio   to Everett.'.   Goodenough to Helena   Wonderful to Pueblo    TONS  ....17.*3  ....1012*.   1201"  4O0GJ  TONS  810  13  15  15  1G3  23  17-i  20  2C0  SO  45  lit  00  14  17"  12  45  MATTE AND BULLION.  .  .,      {Shipped.)  From Nelson Smelter [Matte]   Trail Smelter [Matte]   l,C53i  40  20  UO  -���������   SMELTER  RETURNS.  HALL  MINES. [Nelson] for week ending  ' 23 Aug.; 850 tons of ore were smelted, producing  51 tons of Matte.   -   -  . . B. C. SMELTING & KEFINING.CO., [Trail]  ;For week ending 22 Aiig; .32.5 tons oi ore were  smelted,~pioducin_ll'J.3 tons of Matte and for  . week ending 2i> Aug; 410.9 tons of ore producing  S'.l.ti tons of Matte. .,  PORT OF NELSON.  Custom. Returns for August, 1896.  _     IMPORTS.  Dutiable '. '������������������-������������������" $101,092 00  Free...",    2G.8I9 Oo  ' Total Imports ������128,54100  _.     REVENUE.  Duty Collected "... $28,142 0.5  Other. Revenues '    , 3 13  ' -Total Revenue ������������������ $23,145 18  EXPORTS.  Tho Mine, Ore 1699 tons.. % 148,773 00  " Copper Matte 639 "..    116,734 00    TotalMiiie  $205,507 03  TheForost    ' *&������ Cl  Animals and their Produce.        liui 0J  -Manufactures���������-..-: '...-..'. _=���������.-7S0_C������.  Total Exports..."...' ". $208,322 00  GEO. JOHNSTONE,  *   ; " Collector of Customs.  THE DECLINE IN SILVER.  .At the end of J uly. the market rate  in New York for commercial bars was  60 cents! At the end of last week it  had-fallen to 60 cents. The London  quotations experienced a similar fall.  It was thought at fust that tbe falling  off in price was due to a feeling that  the anticipations of the silver party  would not be realized. 'Hiis view however is not .shared in by the dealers in,  and authorities on. silver. Their  opinion is. that the fall is the natural  commercial result of a slackness in the  demand for the white metal in China  and other parts of Asia.  THE  GOVERNMENT  AGENT AND  INCENDIARISM.  The Kootenaian finds fault with the  Gold Commissioner because he does  not capture and punish the miscreants  who start forest fires. It is scarcely  necessary for us to point out the tin-  reasonableness of this complaint.  Captain Fitzstubbs has no men at his  disposal for this service, either preventative or detective, and we presume  that our contemporary does not expect  the gallant Captain to roam the woods  himself on the off chance of meeting  **n incendiary prospector with-a fire  stick in his hand. The Kaslo paper  hints that in one particular case the  ' capture of the culprit would have been  an easy matter. This implies that the  Kootenaian is in possession of information on the.matter. If this is the case  it is their duty to lay that information  before the authorities, who will then  have the responsibility "of acting in the  matter. Screening the offenders by  withholding information is almost as  bad as committing the crime." Incendiarism, especially in wild countries  such as this is. recognized as being  almost incapable of detection. At the  same time it is a crime not against an  individual but "against the community  at large. It therefore behoves all  public spirited persons to aid in the  detection of the offenders. Sitting on  an office stool and railing a&ainst an  official who is powerless in the matter  is scarcely of any use.  GREAT STRIKE OK THE SALMON.  Crowds of Prospectors Pouring in.  SALMON IllVBH.    NORTH FORK.  A gcallemau who lias just returned  from a trip ��������� up the North Fork of the  Salmon River litis favored ns with tho  following notes.  The Iron Cliff is" being worked by  Spokane parties under the superintendence [ot Mr. Crow. Tho showings nie  good.  The Arnold has been relimbered. The  shaft is down thirty feet and n crosscut  is being run to fiud the hanging wall,  lhe work hitherto has been in pay ore  right from the surface.  Tbe Ben Hassan and Maud E. are the  property of a Spokane stock company  and are being worked by a party in the  charge of John Empey,  The Victoria aud Alberta claims are  bonded; to a Colorado syndicate, while  the Ontario is held by some capitalists in  Portland, Ore.  . The' camp is easily reached from Nelson there being daily trains on the Nelsou  & Port Sheppard Kailway, which reach  the North Fork iii about an hour from  town.  Tbe White Horse group, ou which the  great strike of boroite has been made is  bonded to a New York syndicate for  ..75,000. The property which comprises  three claims is uuder the management of  Joe Campbell.0   -  Jackson &'Peters have a pack train of  16 animals, going iill the time, between  the ��������� claims and the Nelson & Fort Shep-  dard Railway. The distance from Mark  Gilliam's hotel, at .the depot; to Careys  canip is abf.ut eight miles and it is some  four miles further on to the White Horse  and other claims.. There is a good trail  to Carey's camp.and for some distauco  beyond, .The North Fork after leaving  the railway turns round -towards the  northeast and runs more or les8 parallel  with;the railway. The claims nt the  head of the creek therefore are probably  not more than four or five miles in a  straight line from the line.'  The head waters of the creek are high  up in the divide which separates theni  from the waters of the_creeks that flow  down into the Colombia and Kootenay  rivers. These mountains "are lofty, nnd  extremely rugged, but they, simply  swarm wiih prospectors, who have been  attracted' by.' the recent strike of rich  hornite o:e." This was found on the  AYIiite Horso group and samples assay  '"132 ounces *i_, silver, 24 per cent copper  .aiid $lo.80- in gold. It is of course too  early as yet to know how much*imp.r?  tance to attach to this discovery, but the  district is highly mineralized throughout  and if only a fraction of this wealth is  found in the ore it will be the foundation  of one of the best mining camps in the  district.  NAKUSP.  (From Our own Correspondent.)  A number of citizens took akvantage  of the.cheap rates to go to Vancouver tor  the carnival on Sundays boat.  The Promestura mineral claim at Cariboo creek has been bonded by Trail and  Bute parties for $30,000.   '  The Ora Granda, joining the Promes-  tur.i, has been bonded. Mr. James B.  Jonesof Spokane has it.  Mr. Frank Bourne has gone in to the  'Lardeau'coun tryrto lookaf ter 6ome -mineral claims he has there.  The smoke is still very thick. , Monday  nights rain having intensified, instead of  lessening it.  Prof. Curlyle passed through last Fii;  day on his way to Revelstoke to meet  Mrs. Carlyle who intends spending.a few  weeks in the Kootenay country.   v  * The C. & K. S: N. Co. have quite a  shipyard here. There are now on the  ways a tng, 85 foot long and a scow about  the same.' It is reported lhat two more  scows will be built, before work is commenced on the new boat. AU available  hands are employed and room for more  ship carpenteis yet.  HOSSTiAND.  (From tho Iiospland Miner.).     s  The faces ot tho tui.nel and winze on the  -Mayflower are both in ore.  - Big bodies'of solid oro are now showing in tho east drift, main tunnel and  shaft of the Josie.  . Four thou-and dollars was poid for one  lot in the business centre of Rossland by  E. S. Goodeve of Chesley, Ont.  . Mr. Wolley, the provincial Sanitary Inspector is hard at* work enforcing" the  regulations of the Board of Hrulth.  The Mugwump company will employ  its diamond drill to explore its lead to a  depth of 700 feet. * - *    "   -   .  It is rumored that Mr. Heinze is on  his way back from England, having  been unsuccessful in raising the money  he required. ,* *    ".  A local syndicate has started work on  ,the Mandine group of claims between  -Robson and the mouth of the .Kootenny  River.  Colonel Wharton has begun to sink a  shaft on the principal ore chute of the  upper tunnel of the Cliff. A station has  been cut out and the work well commenced. The ore body is five feet wide  and looks very fine.  Tbe Evening Star has 1C3 tons of high  grade ore on the dump, and will beuin to  sbip very soon. The Columbia <fe Western railroad is considering the matter of  putting in a spur for the convenience of  the Georgia and Evening Star., .  The dispute between the owners of the  Monita and Pilgrim claims has been set-  led. The ground in question was about  four and a half acres adjoining the War  Eagle. The owners of the Pilgrim execute a bill of s_le to the Monita people,  the latter   agreeing to incorporate for  $750,000 under the Imperial Act.?* Tbe  Pilgrim gets two fifths of the Monita  stock, while the Monita com pin*y gets n  two .fifths interest iu the Pilgrim.  A. M. Nelson the well-known railway  con tractor claims to have discovered an  unowned fraction of about three acres in  extent between the Le Koi, Centie Star  nnd Legal Tender.  The largest cash deal in the history  of Rosslaud was closed on Monday  when a Toronto syndicate composed  of George Gooderham, T. G. Black-  stock and George A. Stims^n pur chas-  ed the control of the. Crown Point  company the whole ot the Tiger and  Uncle Sam inines for $350,000. The  syndicate now owns 770,000 shares out  of the 1,000.000 $1 shares for which the  Ciown Point is capitalized, besides the  whole of the two adjoining claims  above mentioned. The balance of the  Crown Point stock is -ontrolled by  Jonn A. Finch, Volney D. Williamson  and Charles Dougherty.  The property of the Crown Point  Gold Mining company consists ofthe  Crown Point, Hidden Treasure, and  White Swan inines. The former has  been shipping 15 tons a day to the  Trail smelter, the ore averaging iri the  neighborhood of $40 per.ton. This ore  wa's taken troui the main shaft, which  is sunk on the vein to a distance of 75  feet. A crosscut tunnel is also being  driven to tap this vein to the east-of  the shaft at a depth of 180 feet. -   .   V ;  This group of claims .was bought a  little over a year ago by Volhey D.  Williamson and others. It was bqud-  last fall lo A. E. Humphreys and"J.' D.  Earrell for $75,000. They worked the  Crown Point for several months, but  finally surrendered <>the' bondv Mr."  Williamson then took charge of- the  development and under his management it soon became a regular shipper.  There aie now .three slopes opened up,  all of which show bodies of solid sulphide ore averaging from five to seven  feet in width.  MINING NOTES.  (From Our Exchanges.)  A movement is on foot to establish a  mining exchange in Loudon.  Nearly eleven million ounces of silver  nre in the San Francisco Mint."  The Colonist announces that the cleanup on the Cariboo- claim has resulted in  a brick of gold valued at $81,600..-.  The Colonist announces that the cleanup on thc Duke of York claim at Alberni  is satisfactory, but it fails to give the  amount.  Forest fires are still troublesome in the  Alberni district.  A rich strike of peacock copper pre  with free, gold visible has been made in  thc Van Anda mine on Texada Island.  '  Seattle, Wash.,- papers are advocating a  proposition to build a - large smelter at  that place. There are already smelters  at Everett and Tacoma, Wash.  Mr. Foster, the Minister of Mines of  Victoria, Australia, has been deprecating  the introduction of English capital and  advocating, sole reliance on local resources  During 1895 Great Britan produced  189,652,562 tons of coal, the highest out-  put on :record.' in the same year there  were produced in the United States  186,903,315 tous.  . The Government of New South'Wales  is being asked to devote a sum ot ������10,000  towards equipping and maintaining prospecting parties to search for minerals on  behalf of the State.  ���������The-British-*-Northwest -Gold���������Mining-  Co. bas been organized by Seattle and  English capital-sis, to take over and  work the Fishbnck, -Maud and other  Quesnelle*' properties in the Cariboo  distiict, and is said to be the biggest  placer concei n in British Columbia.  Lead is dropping in price* to such an  extent that the lead-produoing mines in  Utah and elsewhere seriously contemplate shutting down. With that metal  at 82.50 there is little possible margin of  profit the matter is also one of consequence to mines producing "high-grade  siliceous ore, which need lead as a (lux in  smelting. Never in'the history of mining wi.s lead so low as this week What  a difference between now and '64, when  the writer remembers receiving $'210 a  ton for lead ore on the dump.  The production of copper from the  mines of the United Stotes for tlie mouth  ot July amounted to 37,175,000 pounds,  against 35,896,000 pouuds ,iu June, an  increase of 1,279,000 pounds; the production of for July amounted lo 16,472,C.0  against 15,6-0,000 for preceediug mon tli au  increase of 792,000 pounds; exports from  the United States during July amounted  to 24,382,400, against 21,952,000 in June,  au increuse of 2,430,400 pounds.  A CANADIAN YA0HT BEATS THE  AMERICAN AT TOLEDO.  Toleda Aug. 27.���������The Canadian yacht  Canada defeated the challanger Vensedor  yesterday and won the international race.  The . defender .won by 26 *seconds time  allowance, after as pretty a contest as  was ever sailed on Lake Erie.  A challenge for another race in 1897  was formally made when the cup was  presented to Canada*.  NEWS OF THE PROVINCE.  Epbraim Hodgson has been committed  for trial at Nanaimo on the "charge of  murdering John E. Stark.  New Fish hatcheries are to be erected  at once by tha Dominion Government on  the Fraser and Skeena Rivers.  Colonel "Baker, Provincial Secretary,  has gone to Ottawa with Mr. Cesare J.  Marani Secretary of the convention of  Farmers to interview the Dominion Government on the question ofjdykingthe  Fraser.  II. -F. Heisterman died at Victoria on  Saturday last and 'Richard Broderick on  Sunday." Both gentleman were well  known residents of the city.  NEWS OF  THE   WORLD.  It is rumored that Mr. William Waldorf Aster is about to be engaged to be  married to tbe Princess Victoria" of  Wales.  . Since the death ot his mother, Lady  Wilde, the health - ot Oscar .Wilde hit.  broken down. There appears to have  l>een deep affection betweeu them. The  home secretary recently decided there  should be no.remission of the sentence  That decision is now under revision, aiid  Wilde's release ia probable about October  On the death of the old Saltan ot Zanzibar who was under. British protection  the throne was seized by the usurper Said  Klialid. Admiral Rawson in command  of the' British South African SqnadroD  called on" him to surrender and on his  refusal bombarded the palace with H.M.S.  Raccoon,' Thrush and Sparrow. * In half  an hour the palace was reduced to ruins  and Khalid surrendered. Hamoud has  been appointed Sultan uuder the protection of Admiral Rawson.  The advance of the British expedition  iip the Nile has been seriously retarded  by uuheurd-of weather* duiing the past  week. A heavy cyclone swept the ad  yance camp with hardly any waring,  and a sand storm-, followed by a thunderstorm, demolished hundreds of huts and  tents. It also destroyed twelve miles of  the new railroad and cut of-communication with tbe .front for several "days.  Many soldiers had narrow escapes; tbe  tents of the intelligence-department at  Kosheh were overturned and confidential  papers were scattered over the desert.  Mauy of these documents were-lost, and  it is hoped they will not" fall into the  hands of the Dervishes.  - In political circles it is believed that  the difficulty between Italy and Brazil  will be amicably arranged, as Italy widi  her Abyssinian troubles still unsettled,  has quite enough to do without engaging  in hostilities with Brazil, especially in  view of the state of the Italian .treasury.  From Bio de Janeiro it is believed thore  will.be no serious complications as the  Brazilian -government is determined that  the material change sustained by Ilaliaus  and the demagogic insults to the Italian  flag shall be fairly dealt with .and that  Btiitable amends will be made.  ' Several of the leading London bankers  and brokers have been asked- what effect  the unlimited coinage of- silver would  have upon American securities and interests in England. The manager of  Rothschild's bank said: "England being a gold country* would, naturally feel  alarmed at any attempt to pay American  debts at half their value. It would have  a disastrous effect-; upon such securities  and' in fact this crisis was foreseen by  us months ago and our dealings in such  jiave been very slight. The free coinage  of silver would have very little effect up-  un London, as the dealings in Americans  have, since the beginiug of the year,  been extremely .light. It would, .however, have the tendency to make a rush  in disposing ot . uch securities."  >-.  .  SMELTER POR VANCOUVER.  THE ACCIDENT ON THE COLUMBIA*  The Trail Creek News has come  down from its position of public prosecutor against thc S. S. Nakusp und  Captain Goie, which it look up laut  week. It now says "In the matter of  the drowning of the ferryman Cannon,  investigation by the citizens of Trim  proves it to be one of those pcculim  accidents for which no limn i-iiu lie  blamed.". This is a straight lettiicbinn  of thi* charges brought last week, hnl  the paper owes it to Captain Gore of  whose personal generosity, kindness  of lieart and bravery, there is no question to make liim a. full and ample  apology for the accusations again.I  him, which are now found to be groundless. ��������� -- ��������� '  If any proof of this were necessary  ii* can be afforded, by Mr. H. Slimniel,  the well known railway agent tvlm  was in the pilot box at (he the time.  Moreover an"eye witness has declared  that after the boat was capsized, Cannon, who was an expert swimmer was  making his way easily and comfortably  to the bunk, when he was caught in  one of those terrible,whirlpools lhat  render our rivers so dangerous and  sucked dowu and drowned in an instant. ' '  ., It appears that the people of Waterloo have some grievance against the  cempanv and have since appealed to  the Board of Trade.of Trail .to help  them. They, complain of neglect and  discourteous treatment. Il is quite  possible that the gravity of-th. .charges  recently brought was the result of this  feeling of injury, into the rights and  wrongs of which there is no necessity  to enter.         ' .  .  There is another point to which we  may refer. The company is accused  hy our contemporary.of over-woiking  its officers and men. As. far ns the  former are concerned, every position-  is doubled, and lhe crew are eased as  much as possible." It would however  seem that as regards the la tier there  is no'reasou why the "watch"., system  that prevails at sea should not be introduced. '������������������  GOVERNMENT LAND SALE*  W. B. Rust, superintendent of the  Tacoma Smelting & Refining Co. informs  a Tacoma paper that a site in the vicinity  of Vancouver will be selected for alarge  smelting and' refining works, of which  Mr. Rust will be manager.'  Mr. Rust  returned last week from a visit to the  East. One of the results of his trip was  the organization of a compaoy which will  co-Btruct and operate the smelting and  refining plant referred to. Mr. Bust  saidti  "We expect to be at wbrkon the construction ' of the new plant within thirty  days. It will have a capacity of about  400 tons of ore per day; or four times tbe  present capacity of the Tacoma smelter,  and will' smelt and refine copper, lead,  gold, silver and other metals. Four  stacks will be erected and the works ruu  day and night, employing 250 men  steadily. I expect the plant will start up  about six months hence.  "The company which will erect an  operate the works was. organized, during my late visit East, after conferences held in Montreal and New York  with capitalists. The head of the syndicate is C. D. Simpson, of Scranton,  Pa., one of the most extensive miners  in that state, nnd reputed to be worth  $3,000,000. Other membeis of the syndicate I am not'at liberty to name.  Neither can I state the names of those  whom I will meet at Vancouver tomorrow. The capital stock of the syndicate is one million dollars, and every  cent of it is now paid up. The smelting and mining company will be incorporated under the laws of British  Columbia.  "The ore for* the new smelter will  come from mines in the Rossland and  Slocan mining districts, in British  Columbia."   .  Replying to a question why the new  smelter is to be erected in"British Columbia instead of American territory,  Mr. Bust said that the tariff on silver  and lead ores bad considerable to dc  with it^and that Eastern capitalists  were timid about investing money in  smelting enterprise, until the .election  is over and they knew what the policy  of the government is to be.  TWO CANADIAN VICTORIES.  , ' On Saturday last the remaining lots in  tbe Towd of Nelson which; were still in  the hands of the Government were put  up to auction. The sale was conducted  by the firm ot Chas.' A. Waterman. & Co.,  auctioneers and real estate agents of Nelson, and attracted a numerous -������iowd  from all parts.  . 1 In spite of the fact that lots have beeu  freely selliog in Nelson during the spring  and summer, and at least fifty uew  houses of all sorts have been built,' the  sale resulted in the disposal of 114 lots.  A list of names. given below, will shew  that by far the larger; number." were  bought by individuals tor-building, purposes. Nelson is rightly regarded as t'-.e  capital of all this part of British Columbia. All the trade of Kootenay  centres here, and it is undoubtedly tlie  pleasahtest place to live in, with the-exception of course of New Denver, which  is one of the most beautiful townsites in  the world.  The lots were all offered at the upset  price of 8100. Twenty-five per cent of  the cash was to be paid down and the  balance at the end of this month; The  total amount realized was $15,707 showing the average price "io be $138 per lot.  This is an eminently satisfactory figure,  as none of the lots were.in the business  part of the town, with the exception ot  one or two on Victoria Street, and most  of them were on the extreme outskirts of  the towu, in rocky situations and covered  with scrub. ���������>���������   ,  The sale was postponed until Ootob^r  o, when.those that were not sold will be  ' put up again and~al)y^th~ereHapon-whici-r  the balance is not paid on the" appointed  day will be again offered to the public.  The following is. a list of the purchasers with the number ol - lots bought by.  W.' A. Jowett, 13; W. J. Goepel, 7; J.  R. Robertson, 6; J. Fred Hume, 6; Henr>  H. Avery, '4; Harold Selous, \); John  Hamilton,-3; Nelson Electric Light Co..  2; Geo. H. Woods, 3; A. J. Marks, 2;  Johu Johnson, 2; F. J. Farley, 2; Lee  Coombs, 1; Rev. G. H. Morden. 2; Rev.  H. Akehurst, 2; Dr. E. C. Arthur, 2;  James McDonald, 2; Mai tin* O'Reilly, 2;  Solomon Johns, 1;>. Alexander Carrie,  1; George Steed, 2; J. H. Bowes, 2; John  Miles, 2; Ammio MnguuBou, 2; James  McPhee, 2; Thomas Madden, 2; F. W.  Swannell, 2; Duncan McArthur, 2:  Frank Fletcher, 4; . A. E. Hodgins, 3;  George A. Hunter, 3; J. H. Wallace, 2;  George Miller, 2; Capt. Fitzstubbs, 1; C;  W. Green, 1; John Whitker, 1; Alfred  Bunker, 2; R. Iugrahm, 1; R. A. Ren-  wick, 2; Gilbert Stanley, 1; Andrew  John sou, 2; James Crawford, 1.  CANADIAN NEWS.  -LOCAL   NEWS.  The -Winnipeg Four Win the International at Saratoga.  "On Thursday   13th at Saratoga  the  Winnipeg oarsman who were recently so  successful at Brockville, won the International race.   There were three other  competitors,   Staten   Island,   Riverside  and Institutes.   The Staten Island crew  started first and led by a length at the  first quarter. At the half mile Winnipegs  long steady stroke began to tell  and at  the threequarter flag the Canadians were  half a length ahead with all the others  close on their quarters.   The finish was  _ one of the most exciting as well as the  j fastest on record, Wymipeg winning in  ��������� eight minutes and fifteen seconds, break-  ��������� ing the American record by six seconds.  Li Hung Chang will not visit the  cities of Eastern Canada. Sir Henri  Joly will pi'obnbly.accoiupany hint to  British Columbia as a representative  of the government.  The town of Tignisb, P. E. I., was  almost destroyed by fire last Sunday.  The Jenks machine shop at Sher-  brooke has orders for $100,000 wort h of  mining machinery for British Columbia..  The Dominion Rifle Matches commenced at Ottawa on Monday. The  British Columbia team is keeping up  its form. ' ,  J. F. Foukes of British Columbia  beat Wrenn the World's champion in  lawn tennis at Niagara.  DOMINION PARLIAMENT. -  ��������� The HonvJ. II.' Turner, Premier ot   .  British Columbia ia visiting Nelson.  Dr. Rankin Dawson, at' one time a  director of the Hall Mines Limited, ia'  staying in Nelaon.  The Ladies' Hospital Aid Society will  meet nt the Church ot England at 9 p.m.  on Monday nex*.  Where does the Spokesman   Review  get its geography?   Zanzibar is uot in .  Madagascar. . .  ' The Kootenaian advises the inhabitants  <  of Kaslo lo paint their town.    Surely ,  '  this has been often done���������red.'.  ,   Monday next being Labor D_y is ;i  statutory   Dominion   holiday..    Tho  banks and Government i flices will be ''  closed.-   .-* ' '-. '* ('       -  --  The exports for the month of August -',  from  the  Port of Nelsou .amount  to   ���������  8263,322.   For the com spending month ���������;.  in 1895 they were 895,962,    ,*    -    *-���������-. -  Mr. C. P. Wolley, Provincial Sanitary  Inspector, may   be expected in,. Nelson...  shortly to  put the  tegulations  of the ;  board of health into operation here.     r* " ;/  An advertisement in another columii* ,  announces that Dr. Curry, a graduate *  of the Boston Dental College, will b'������    '  in Nelson   shortly.     Dr.   Curry is.a,-  meiuber of the Dental Board of Exam-"  ination of B. C, ' *'        '   -   , '     " *".   ;"  Rev. Robt. R. Maitland,. L. L. B. of -.','  Vancouver will deliver one ot his popular     *  lectures, entitled "The Humorous Side'  of Life," iu the Methodist Church on the  '  eve of Thursday Sept. 10th. -���������'  "    ."  p"  Thc Nelson  Kindergarten -"under", the *���������'/'  instruction  of   Miss K. , Bellamy-'will.   -  open on Monday Sept. 7th at 9 a. in. The  school will until more suitable quarters    .  can be secured be held, in the Methodist -'  Church..  The Province has issued a  special  Carnival number which amongst ot her ..  things contains a novelty in theshupe   .  of. colored   engravings.     These   two " ���������  represent   the Province* office at Vic "���������',  toria  and   a  scene  in   English Biy,  Vancouver.   Both are very good. _  Considerable   improvement  has been  made .in the road to the wharf under the    .  superintendence.of  Mr., C. West    The  government contributed the magnificent...  sum of fifty dollars and the firm of West .-,  & Emerson supplied a team and. wagon. '<'"  This is practically laying the citizens off ���������  Nelsou under a  personal obligation to,, .*'.  Mr: West.   -       .    ,   -  - The adjourned criminal sittings or the   ;.  Supreme Court take place. today when -,  tho case of Begina vs. Callan & Everett -  will be tried before Mr. Justice McCreight- -"  The'prisoners ore accused of attacking a '  man named Craig on the baseball ground-:*  at Rosslaud;  knocking, him  down and...-,  robbing bim  of  his watch and money.    .  Mr. C. R.  Hamilton will prosecute and '  the prisoners will be defended by Mr.'..  John Elliot.   Owing to Monday' being  Labor Day the court will adjourn this"  evening until Tuesday.   Mr. Justice McCreight has intimated his intention of  sitting .until midnight this  evening  if  necessary in order to avoid the trouble of  lacking the jury up over Sunday and  Monday. . *,,   . - *   >.  Married.���������In "* the Church of Eng- ���������  land Mission Room,  by tbe Rev. H. S.  Akehurst, Chauncie Eugene Johnston    -  of Waterloo, B. C��������� to Clara Waite of  Halcyon Hot Spi ings, B. C.  ji    ' -������-i  :������_*'*'3/F  The government has announced that  it does not intend to bring down any  railway subsides this session.  In reply to' a question the Hon. the  Premier informed Mr. Mclnnes that the  government was not aware tbat Chief  Justice Davie had taken an active part  in the recent elections in British Columbia. The matter had not been  brought to the attention of the government.  Mr. Bostock ib moving for papers in  connection witb land grants at Revelstoke to the Kootenay Smelling Co.  .THE NELSON PLANING MILL-   ,  A local industry that reflects credit  alike on its proprietor and on the town  is Thos,"Gray's, _Nelson<Planing mill. In-  the few months that be uas had it Mr.  Gray hns-more than doubled tbe size and  capacity of the worke. - Recent additions  necessitate the temporary .stoppage 'of  the works, but the familiar buzz of the  saws and the G o'clock whistle will be  'heard again today. About a month ago  a new 35 h.p. engine nnd boiler were  added to the_ plant, and this is used  solely to drivethe main circular saw, the  old engine .having as much, ns it can do  to keep all the planers, moulder*., lnihes  and other machinery going. The moulder nnd planer that were in the "east ������iie\l  of the building aro uow moved into a  new addition ou the'west side, the old  place beiug reserved entirely for the tw<������  engines nud thc lire pump a delicate and  dainty looking little mochiue, which is  capable of sending a tremendous streuin  of water into nny part of thc works.  The slabs aud snwdusl nre employed in  extending thermill yard, giving a much:  needed space for stacking lumber. Nearby .is the drying kiln. Upstairs is a  large nnd light workshop, -with seven  benches, drawing table, baud saws, door  clamp, snnd-papering -machine, tenon  cutter, sash moulder,-.mortise machine,  shaper, cut-off saws and lathe. Here  every kind of iuterior fittings for houses,,  offices, stores, banks, railway cars orJ  steamships can be turned out.  The capacity of the mill is 15,-00 feet  per day. giviog employment to 30.men.  By working at ni-jht another lO.C'JO can  be turned out, and in cases of necessity  this can be done a3 the buildiugs are  fitted throughout with tho electric, light.  Mr. Gray has an excellent boarding  house for his meu with every convenience  and it is all as spic and span, neat and  clean as a man of war.  A NELSON COMPANY.  We have received a copy of the prospectus of the Hansard Goldjmd Copper  Miniug Co. Ld. Tbe authorised capital  capital is 31,000.000. The company is  incorporated under the Act of 1890 and  the trustees are F. W. Swannell, M.  O'Reilly and Robert Shiell, all ot Nelson.  The company own the Hansard and  i Carberry, adjoining claims, situate at  j the head waters of Big Sheep Creek,  about 13 miles north of Rossland; the  Tyroue. situated on the trail from the  Arrow Lakes to the above; the Lone Star  and Red Cloud Fraction situate in the  Wellincton group in the Slocan. The  price of the shares at present is five cents  and this will be raised to ten as soon as  the stock is offered in the East THE MINER, NELSON, B. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1896.  DR. WA TTS DEFENCE.  In another column will be found a  letter from Dr. Watt in defence of  his system of honeycombing our back  yards with cess pits. We regret  that after its perusal we find ourselves  .just where we were before in our  opinion that lhe system is most undesirable. ���������> ' "  With  regard to the apparent inconsistency in our own coluius,   we desire  to point one that the system of house  sanitation approved of in our "issue of  the   18th    July had ho   reference to  the disposal- of liquid waste, but wus  in approval -of. earth    closets.      The  authorities quoted  by D������t. Watt are  no doubt worthy of all respect, but do  they   contemplate the turning   of  a  small back yard, often t he play ground  ��������� of children,  close to  the kitchen and  with.the little larder where milk and  other things are kept actually upon it,  into a sewage filter:--    We think not.  It'appears to us that if there is any  choice in  the matter the present system of casting filthy slops broadcast, is  preferable to pouring them into little  pits.   They are  more exposed to the  action  of the sun and air and the process of removal is liable to be aided by  a passing chicken or a hungry dog.  But both aie abominable.   The back  yard,  as all the rest of the premises  should  be absolutely pure and clean,  and tilth of all kinds should be taken  quite  away.    We  quote   one   of Dr.  Watt's own authorities, "in the case  of a  villiage where the houses are iri  fairly close proximity, it would probably be better  to adopt  a combined  system and to carry the slop waters of  the whole villiage in a pipe sewer to a  piece of laud outside."   If we cannot  have* the pipe sewer, which is nf course  the   best,   we. can   at  least have the  scavengers cart.  But. as we said before  we-decline  to   have   our   back yards  honeycombed with filth.  CORRESPONDENCE.  -Dr. Watt's Defence.  Provincial Board of Health, Oflice of  the Secretary, Victoria, B; C. August  28th, 1896.  The Editor Nelson Mined.  Dear Sir:���������An editorial paragraph iu  your issue of tho 22th inst. referring to a  portion of my report regarding purification of liquid wastes says:���������"Intermittent  application to tho soil' is Ur. Watt's delicate way of expressing a foul idea. It is  quite fossible wo mos-jbticks iu Kootenay  are behind tho times in modern sanitation  but we distinctly decline to have our  backyards honeycombed with filth."  Thore is evidently a difference of opinion  between the editoriul writers on your  stuff, for iu tho issue of July 18tb,  referring to tho "Sauitary Regulations"  this paragraph appears: "Tho system recommended for house sanitation where  connection with a drain is impossible, is  tue best that exists."  Only one of these paragraphs can be  correct. That in the latter issue contains  a   fallacy   which  any sanitarian   could  NOTES.  The people of Nelson are nat urally  enough a little scared at the presence  of the threatening powder magazine  across the water. , It may interest  them to know that*a quantity of bush  was recently cut down quite close to  the magazine and laid ready for firing  when it was dry enough. It is possible  that, no haim would result but the  prospect of a bush fire raging within a  few hundred feet of fitly tons of dyns.-  . mite would be unpleasant. It is satisfactory-therefore to be.iable to stale  that tlje moment the matter -was  brought to the attention of Captain  Fitzstubbs, be at once took steps to  prevent the experiment being tried! '  CANADIAN NEWS.  All the coast lumber mills are runniug  full time.  In Toronto 9000 people have signed a  petition against the stoppage of the tram  ways on Sundays."  '���������  Mrs. Charles Halton  wife of the care  taker of the City Hall at Hamilton has  - received notice that  she is  one of the  heirs to a legacy of $1,000,C0O.  J; Walshe's woollen mills at Bolton  were burned down..  . Wellmore's   Agricultural    implement  store at Monckton is also burnt.  Samuel Long a carpenter of Windsor  fell from the steeple of the Methodist  church, which be was repairing and was  iustantly killed.   '     .'  -  Frank Cbnroy an old Windsor boy has  been fouud guilty of murdering his wife  at Ogdensburg and will be electrocuted  -id-Donnemaras-N-.-YT-"-������������������������=--���������=-������������������*���������=-���������=  GAZETTE NOTICES.  (From tho B. C. Gazette of -pth Aug., 18!!-)  .     NKW. INCORPORATIONS.        ..  Big Valley Creek Gold Mines Ld.  . (foreign) 'Head  office London.    Capital ������-5,000 in JEI shares.  Golden River Quesnelle Ld. (foreign).  Capital ������350,000 in <*������1 shares. H.aU  otlice. London.  . Price Eaton Co. (foreign) Capital  $500,000 in^o shares,. Head ollice San  Francisco.  Kootenay Consolidated MiningcCo.  (I'oieign), Capital $1,000,000 in $1  -hare*   Head office Everett, Wash.  Lardeau Mining &. Devel. Co. Ld.  Capital $500,000 in $1 shares: He.ul  office Revelstoke. Directors, Francis  11. Wells, John Abrahamson, (J. 1_.  Kiiunan,   Objects, general mining.  Picton Development Syndicate Ld.  Capital $15,000 *in $5 shares. Head  office. Nelson B.C. Directors Jas. E.  Turner, Sam Mosscrop Okell and J.-is.  " F. Pearson... _ Objects., to acquire the  Picton mineral claim and general.  Standard Gold Mining Co." Ld. Capital $1,000,000 in $1 shares. Head office  Vancouver. Directors, .F.'S. Timber1  lake, H. Heffering, S. T. Timlierlake  and F. R. Blockbeiger. .  readily refute  Tho "Sanitary Regulations" here mentioned provide that, in the absence of  sewers, all liquid wastes shall be disposed  of by one of two methods of application  to land, (1) Below the surface, by subsoil  irrigation drains"; (2) On the surface���������"by  throwing upon or irrigating or submerg-  inj; different plots of lauds in alternation  or in nn intermittent manner."  "If sufficient or suitable land for the  purpose of irrigation is uot available,  the liquid wastes must be removed either  by carting away daily or by drainage to  such place as they may be snfelv deposited.."  These methods nre not original with  this Board. The same regulations are iu  force in other countries andlire thc best  that have as yet been devised by sanitarians.. In drawing these .regulations the  fact was borne iu mind that the methods  of purification of sewerage by application  to land cau be carried out ouly where  sufficient suitable land is available.  When it is not, people have a choice of  constructing sewers or paying for the  hauling away of the liquid ^wastes. The  object aimed at is to previeDt by one of  the fore-going means, ihe saturation of  the soil with this liquid sewage and the  accompanying putrefactive changes.  The questions natni ally asked then  are,���������Why deposit any of the sewage on  the soil?; Will not saturation be thus  brought, about? The following, c-xtmcL  from an article by Col. George E Waring,  C. E. will answer these questions and  diopose of the objection iu the editori. 1  in your last issue.  " Referring to the disposal and pnrificu-  tion'of sewage he says, that the agents  that effect the disintegration of organic material are certain micro-orgnt-  isms. The ' processes of disintegration  moy be broadly divided into two classes-  decomposition and putrefaction. Both  accomplish the same ultimate eflccl���������the  reduction of complex organic stiuctures  into their original elements. Thi.j result  is reached by a succession of changes.  In decomposition, these changes are iu-  offensive, and not injurious to health; in  putrefaction the intermediate products  are disgusting and dangerous. Tlio  essential difference betweeu d.'cuiu-  position and putrefaction is, that in the  former, the oxidizing bacteria can wos I-  effectively only in the presence of abundant air, while the agents of puuefaclion  require little or no air for their.operations." His further explanation shows  that when the air is driven out of the soil  by continued saturation such as occurs  where slops etc., are thrown into cess-  poo's or on one spot in the yard near the  back door that the 'offensive processes of  putrefaction and fomentation go" on.  "If the same sewage," however," be  spread over the surface of the soil, so "as  to be freely exposed to the atmosphere,  its impurities will be attacked by the  bacteria.of decomposition, the_elements  set free will" be oxidized" and inoffensively  reduced to mineral form, and the purified  water will'sink into the grouud. As the  water subsides the air will follow it into  the pores of the surface soil, so. that any  decomposable matter lodged in them will  be attacked and completely destroyed.  After a short period of rest, another ap-  plicatiou of sewage may be made, ^aud  this will be disposed of in the same way.  If sufficient intervals be allowed between'  the applications, the tract will continue  to receive und purify sewage indefinitely;  indeed, as the bacteria in the soil "multiply under the "regular feeding, its  capacity, will increase rather than demolish. This is the substance ot the  method of disposal known as Broad  Irrigation. The. purification is accomplished by a purely natural process. All  that we need to do is to bring the sewage,  at regular intervals into' contact with a  suitable area of soil."  As lo what constitutes a" suitable area  of soil, tho following quotations from the  writings of another,eminent sanitarian.  L'C. Parkes, M. D. will shew. "A very  small piece of ground is required for this  purpose. Mr. Uodgers Field considers  four peicues of land (a space about *!-_ of  the usual house lot) is sufficient for an  oidinary cottage." And again "a'.very  small piece of ground is required to  purify the slop waters of a single cottage or small house; but in .the case of  a village, where the houses are in fairly,  closo proximity, it would probably be  better to adopt n combined-system nnd  to carry the slop waters .of the whole  village in a pipe sewer to a piece of land  Tne Eed Book. Price $4. per Copy  The Only Directory of the Province in Two Years.     "*. .  A COMPLETE GAZETTEER  of over 500 points in British Columbia, many of which have never before  appeared in any Directory or Trade Reference Book  with Location, Population &(*..  BANKING TOWNS TELEGRAPH OFFICES  RAILWAY STATIONS  POST OFFICES  EXPRESS OFFICES  MONEY ORDER OFFICES  A POCKET REFERENCE BOOK  OF ALL THE  TRADES,  PROFESSIONS.    INDUSTRIAL   AND  MINING   ENTERPRISES.  Over 0000 Busiuess   and Professional  Firms, Full Names of Partners, Kinds of  Busiuess, Street Address in Cities.  PUBLISHED BY  ���������   MERCHANTS'    ���������  VANCOUVER AND VICTORIA.  THE  AGENCY,  ,(356)  M-_ti_t_M___l  ENLARGED PREMISES,  ENLARGED STOCK,  Ptafc  Reduced  Prices   ii)  ihe  *E*0*L_L_,0"^7-I__srC3-  Groceries,    Tinware,    Graniteware,  Glassware and Crockery.  ���������     - ���������Sr-AT THE-ia__     -- ...  EDWARD APPLEWHAITE & CO,  S. J_. corner Baker and Joscphino streets,  NELSON, B. C.  IDEAL GROCERY STORE  BUCHANAN & ROBINSON Proprietors  (301)  FINANCIAL AND  INSURANCE AGENTS  REAL ESTATE;  Loans negotiate-, on Nelson property.   Collections made.   Conveyancing documents drawn up  Town Lots Lands and Mining Claims Handled on Commission.  Latest in Lady's Belts & Blouse Sets  A Full Line of 1847 Rogers Bros.' Table Ware. 3������Z  Watch Repairing a Specialty,   All Work Guaranteed.  JACOB DOVER'S, BAKER ST., NELSON.  (2_9>  Why Drink Your Whiskey Straight  When it is much nicer with Soda Water,  or any other of our drinks  All our soft drinks are guaranteed to kill any microbes that  may  exist  in'the   whiskey   but  are   perfectly  harmless to human beings.  Orders Delivered Promptly to Any Part of the Town.  NELSON SODA WATER FACTORY  391  Thos. Dunn ������ Co., L'd.  i  DEALERS IN  AND MILL SUPPLIES,  BA������.^^������.������.r.TV 5,,H1!S',M,i8' MAKAMU   SHEET STKM,  MlftfcHS'SIHHMS. Mll'l KUIKS. MAKILLA B������PE_.  I>������.\AJMITE   FUSE AXD CAPS.  jS-3_v_c^lt3E i_isr 3S_N"a-XjJ^_ISriD--������~  Only one place to 'get"'them in Kootenay  The P. 0. Store.    GILKER & WELLS.  ���������**���������*��������� ,      ' '  _sr_3x.sp_sr <s_ _?ii,o_. _=t__.*-_r.  f  f  SOLE AGENTS FOR THE  CINNABARKMINING  CO.'S  Write for Quotation.. . Cable Address. "Dunn."  (133) ^r-A*-3STOOTJ'y"_B_R:,  QUiOKSILVER,  IB.  O.  We are now Receiving Weekly Shipments of  Creamery JPutter in One Pound Pats  Yale  Gold Copper Mining Co. Ld. I _:;j"*j_."f ^"i V'*'"_���������"i.** *j��������� ���������*"* ""i  Capital ���������1.000.00yP.n $1 .ha������.    Head ] t^^^^^ -*������!  office  Ro.ssland   '  Directois    Tom  Gray, Geo. Talbot-and Eli   Teryick.  Objects to purchase the Yale mineral  claim, etc.*  ., j sized grounds could purify their slop  ��������� waters or sewage on their own premises,  and would probably find it advantageous  to do so, as the liquid rtiauure when applied to the land would no doubt |con-  siderably increase the   garden  produce."  Consolidated Suhle Creek Mining Co , . -   ���������   c-���������  Ld. Capital $1,500,000 in SI shares, i* Tu.e last quotation summarizes the  .Head office, Vancouver. Directois, i methods which will have to be adopted  Geo. D. Scott, B. E. McKechnie and j in kelson. ; I should be glad to forward  Fred Cope.   Objects general mining:.   ' you other quotations to  the same effect  The Ferguson & Orr Co.Ld. Capital I but} ttUSt ,tJ?at.-this exPla*-"*ati������n will  810,000 in  910 shares.     Head   officej "w, IT fob-'ect,ons- fW ,   .  Rossland. Directors, J. It. Ferguson i .While not BBsamraB that onr work is  J. W. Orr, C. M. Ferguson and II. A i ab������7e cni\������������������> bf lter ****** " sanitary  Orr. Objects to carry on business as ! Z������������ woal-J be SCUI*-Ted "-the province  general merchants at Trail. \lf tho Pe?Vle w.ere not Permitted toseeer-  ������ . "| roneous ideas in  print.    Kindlv, there-  B. G. Consolidated Gold Mining Co, '; fore, bear in mind in discussing doubtful  Ld. Capital $l,f*00,000 in SI shares, sanitary points, that this Board is always  Head,office Rossland. Directors, R. ; ready and willing to discuss auy such  Hunter. J. H. Adams, H. M. Lister, ' topic, and to give what information we  Duncan Campbell, Chas. Graiit, C. M. possess, or to refer you to better aulhori-  Carpenter.   Objects:,   to purchase the ties.  B.C. Mineral claim at Trail Creek aud | I am jours faithfnlly  general mining. j ^ <j -ly^xr  Will We ReccommeM to fte of Spperior Qeality.  Hudson's Bay Company,  PAKER STREET, NELSON.  (258  Individuality "���������  ... of Feet!  A  But  No two pairs of feet are exactly alike.  Your kindest flat-footed friend could  not make his shoes lit your narrow toed foot,  here's a shoe made in eo many different shapes,  widths and eizea, after Nature's Perms, tbat any man  can g-et hia exact fit, no matter what kind of feet ho  ia addicted to. Made by the famous Goodyear Welt  process, in black or tan calf-akin. Bach pair stamped  on thi sole ������a SO, ������4 SO. ������5 SO per Dair-  The Slater Shoe (for Men.)  KILKEIt A WELL., Sole As.iils lor X.lsoii. GKKEX ICKOS., Agents at Kaslo.  MUSTEK BltOS.. KG.UKICK and CO., Ascnls nt KoXKluml.  IllI.VTKIC, McKIMVOX A CO,, ..Kent* at Three Fork*.     THOS. 1VILSO.Y, Agent nt Trail.  DUDLEY. D. LANCASTER: ,n.'B. BUCKLER  BUCKLER & LANCASTER'  LJ * "���������      **' *���������* i  Will  Buy and Sell on Commission  " MINES. AND STOCKS IN TEAIL CREEK,     .  BOUNDARY CREEK and SLOCAN CAMPS  and all Legitimate Properties Elsewhere.  .}  WKITE TO IS  UEKEK'S. TEUECKAPHIC CIPHU.  ���������UOOJIS 3(11-3.. H������UC BLOCK,  S_=0_BC_____;T__..  ALBION IRON I0EKS Co., LIMITED  us Jsra-i_rsrE_E3_Rs,  IRON FOUNDERS, BOILER MAKERS;- * ���������*       ���������   .   ������  MANUFACTURERS OF MARINE AND -  LAND   ENGINES,   BOILERS,   ETC.,  FISH CANNING   AND   MINING  MACHINERY, HYDRAULIC GIANTS,  * * * MPES   AND SINKING   PUMPS  I OR MINES.  French Ranges, Stoves, Grates, Etc.  SOLE  ACKXTS FOR HEMBV   K. WOBTJIIMifoVg .SWAM   J'IM_PS  AMI 1X_>H*01L  BOCK WILL CO.'S STEAM BOCK BRILLS.  No. 6 Chatham and 71 Store Street,  P.0.DBAWER12   .-'-'��������� VICTORIA, B. 0  (2051  C.PITD;  VANCOUVER,   B.   C.  A full stock of Drugs, -Patent .Medicine., Chemicals and Toilet  Articles, Wholesale and Retail. Goods Right.- Prices  Right. 'Prompt attention to all orders.  THE McDGWELL, ATKINS, WATSON, CO  VANCOUVER, B. C.  10 AND 12 CORDOVA STREET,  600 GRANVILLE STREET. >  417 HASTINGS STREET  OUTLET - HOTEL,  _.*'.* OPPOSITE BALFOUR.  Best Fishing in' Kootenay:: Outlet. :  o Lawn Tennis Grounds.  Sail and Sowing Boats.  Enlarged and Improved. Specially Suitable  for Dancing and Picnic Parties.  J. 1. TH0UaHT0N, - ;��������� - -: Manager.  WAiflK.  M. R. SMITH "fc CO,  Biscuit Manufacturers..  "W^RI_r_E_   _FO_R   PRIC_3   XlEST  VICTORIA       -       B.C. (ai_) x!j*-&r'....-fv;;>.<:  --���������.v ' -Or--;  THE MINER, NELSON, B.C., /SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 5 1896.  s-_*  Ihe.Jlttter..  THE MINER is printed on Satin-days and  will be mailed t any address in Canada or  the Uni'ed States "or one year on receipt oj  two dollars.    Single copies live cents.  CONTRACT ADVERTISEMENTS in-  sertedatthe rate of $3per column inch,per  month.  TRANSIENT ADVERTISEMENTS inserted at the rate of rj cents per nonpareil  *' line first insertion, and /o cents per Ihfefor  each subsequent insertion., Advertisements  running por shorter periods than three  months are classed transient.  *LL COMMUNICATIONS to the. Editoi  ��������� must de accompanied by the name and address of th* -writer, not necessarily for  publication, but as evidence of goodjaith.  PRINTING turned out in firs.'-rate style al  the shortest notice  ADOR-83  rHlMlNERPRINTINCAHUDLISHINQCO  NELSON.    B.C.  AMES HOLDEN CO.  Make First Class  Boots       *���������  and  -*      Shoes  For niners & Prospectors  1118)  THE TRAIL CREEK BULLETIN.  The Provincial Bureau of Mines has  issued its second bulletin, in the shape  of a report on the Trail Creek Mining  District. This consists of a pamphlet  of 32 pages and reflects the greatest  credit on its compiler Mr. \Vii_i__iam  A. Cablyle, the Provincial'Minptalo-  gist. It is also a credit to the district  in that it is a statement of ils prosper-  on? condition .earing the authority of  an official document.  In the general preamble it is to be  noted that the mines of Rossland  "promise permanency of .large . and  profitable ore bodies." What more  ���������could any sanguine promoter print in  His prospectus? Further we read that  ���������"the faulted nature of the ground"  that ambushed foe of every miner, "is  not very serious." The everlasting  question asked by all serious minded  capitalists, "What have you done?" is  answered by the following table,  under the head of production.  Total No. of Tons smelted to July 1, '98.    27,085  . Ounces of gold        " _>_,*_������  "     ' "        silver       ���������* C7.71W  "       Pounds of copper    " 1,*j_5,:j__  Average net values por ton, gold  1.C7 oz.,  silver 2.5 oz., copper 2.3 per cent.   Value ������37.18.  The report then deals with the Location and Early History of the camp  and proceeds to describe the ore deposits, the .ores, themselves and their  mode of treatment. From this latter  the following quotations are taken:  "The erection of smelters at Rossland  in the immediate vicinity of the mines,  is being seriously contemplated, but it  is yet too early to make any defiuite  statement. The cost of freight and  .treatment is now about $10 to $14 per  ton, when 95 per cent of the gold and  .silver.' is'paid for and 1.3 is deducted  from the percentage of copper present.  ���������Of course the possibility of other  'processes being suitable to such ores is  being tested, such as the cyanide and  chlorination processes, and the results  will be awaited with much interest as  . some such process may prove, very  successful, and all judgements should  be deferred until the conclusive experiments have been completed."  The report then Rives minute details  of the smelter at Trail and thirtyseven  of the principal  mines.    It concludes  - with an account of the cost of mining.  Qn thc whole it is a document that  we, both as British Columbians  and  -inhabitants of Kootenay, may be proud  "of.    It gives an account of our mines  which is at'one. unvarnished and most  favorable.   With this document in his  hand, the claim owner goes forth well  _armed into the markets of the world.  ���������   THE GOVERNORS OPINION.  "His Honor the Lieut.-Governob  has been favoring the British public  . ���������"hrough the medium of the Pall Mall  Gazette with some information, and  opinions, regarding the- mineral resources of British Columbia. The two  camps which^MR. Dewdney considers  the richest in the Province are Trail  Creek and Boundary Creek. He refers  to others, notably, Alberni, Cariboo,  Lillooet, etc., but strangely enough  omits all mention of the Slocan. Now  the amount of ore shipped from the  inines pf the Slocan during the current  year is 12,000 tons, worth, at the very  least, $100 a ton, making $1,200,000.  The^ore shipped from Trail Creek dur-  .ing the same period is 14,780 tons  which His Honor estimates to be  ���������worth $30. a ton. Taking it at that  ita total'is $739,000. As a matter of  fact- the Trail Creek ore hardly averages $50 a ton while that of the Slocan  exceeds $100. "We have no wish to  belittle Trail Creek, but we certainly  desire Jt_ point out that the Slocan  most certainly deserved some mention  and a place, probably the first, among  the "richest" camps in B. C  Mr. Dewdneys opinion that Boundary Creek will eclipse Ti ail Greek is  hardly, as he state's, the ��������� ''general  opiniou" of the country.   ���������  Our Lieut.-Governor, with a hint  that,.as"the Liberals have always been  averse to --railway- concessions,"-the  Crows Nest Pass line may' possibly  not be constructed, says that "there  are railways in Kootenay already"  and instances the narrow"gauge.line  between Rossland and Trail, It is  strange that he should have selected  the least important of'all our lines for  special mention. Why did he omit  the main line of the C. P. R. with its  branches to Arrowhead, the Nakusp  & Slocan, the Columbia & Kootenay?  Is not Mr. Cokijin's direct line to  Spokane, connecting us with all the  great railway systems of the United  States worthy of mention? And surely  the Kaslo & Slocan line has proved itself of sufficient importance to find a  place in the list.  TRIANGULA TION.        **'  The necessity for an accurate survey  of this district is beginning to make  itself felt. -There are several other  things wanted from a pair of overalls  to a palace on Fifth Avenue. "The  acquisition of all these desirabilities is  simply a question of ways and means.  Can we afford them? Unless we can  do so we have to go without them;  At present it is not too much to say  that no one knows where any mineral  claim is. The first surveyed claim was  plotted on a map of Kooteuay "somewhere about" where it ought to be.  There was no means of finding the  exact spot. Other claims as they were  surveyed were "tied on" to it. There  are thus great groups of claims all  accurately surveyed as regards the  positions of the several claims of which  they are composed. But the relative  positions of these groups is by no  means necessarily known at all. They  arc like rafts adrift on a lake. As long  as they are isolated it is all right, but  as they grow by addition and approach  each other difficulties are sure to arise,  Or as they become adjacent to blocks  of railway land or other portions of  land definitely tied on to a located base  line trouble is sure to ensue.  Modern engineers have overcome  this difficulty in other countries, notably in Australia,' by triangulating  the entire country. That is to say a  system of triangles with sidesc two,  three or more miles in extent is thrown  out over the whole land, their point?,  or ut!gka_ being marked by permanent  iiuihuiucnls known as "trig stations."  Tae po?itions of these are accurately  charted, and all mineral claims or other  blocks of land are tied on to them.  Should all landmarks be removed by  fire or some convulsion of nature, the  exact'positions of all of them could  be laid out again , from the base line,  or if indeed that itself has been wiped  out, the boundaries "could still.be ascertained as long as the stars in heaven  proceed on their allotted courses. c  The first process in . establishing a  survey of this kind is to throw out  what is known, as a major triangula-  tion, in which the station's or monuments are established only on the  highest peaks and most, prominent  situations. From the very inaccessibility of these it is obvious that they  are almost useless as connections for  sectional work. In doing this, the  surveyor has   to  set  his instrument  over one station aud measure the  angle between the block, he is surveying and one of the other major stations  Then he has to 'chain' to the block  itself. In this country that would  often entail many days work. For  instance we will suppose that a survey  of the Poorman claim \is required.  Thc nearest station is on the top of  Toad.jyiountain. The surveyor would  have to chain that distance, a feat that  would take him several days,for which  thej unfortunate miner would have to  pay. To avoid this, the major triangles - are' broken up into smaller  trianges with trig stations in convenient situations not more than a mik-  apart. Each of these is again accurately plotted gin the geueral map of  the country, and when a claim is tied  to this system, there can bejio possible  doubt about its exact locality.  That is what we want in this country. :A major and minor Lriangulation.  The question then arises, can we  afford il? To -which the only answer  that seems possible is, certainly not.  It would cost hundreds of thousands  of dollars to establish it in a thickly  wooded and mountainous country such  as this and we. do not-believe that the  country is at all in a position lo incur  the "expense at present. Without the  minor, ��������� the major ,'triangulation is  practically useless. The enormous  expense of connecting distant claims-  with it would make it almost prohibitive" and is an unfair tax on the  individual miner. The government is  at present during the short period  when survey work is possible, commencing the establishment of monuments in a major triangulation. Does  it intend to proceed with the minor?  For the past two or three seasons  the Provincial Surveyors have been  engaged in producing a topographical  map of this country. On the eve of its  completion the work has been abandoned. The result of three years  labor is thus rendered "almost useless.  Would it not be wise to complete this  work before proceeding with the  other.  I'l.*Ol'ESSIO.\AL   CAM!  GEO.  A. D.  HALL,   PHYSICIAN   AND  Surgeon,   Olliee  C. & K. Building,  up  stairs. lllollj  WHEALLER,    BAIHtlSTBlt"   AND  S.licilor. Kaslo, B. C.    *  -      -    . .814  A'SSAYING.      ROBBINS&  LANG.     AS-  J\.   gayer, to  AVar Eugta  and Associated  Companies, liossland (351)  NOItMAN & NORMAN,  MINING  AND  Sto-'.k Brokers, Hotel Spokane.   Spokan.,  Wash-   Telophor.c 027. 1405]  MAHON, McFARLANI) & MAHON, LTD.,  Mining and Share Brokers, Vancouver,  B. C.   Members Stock Exchange. 330  SIBBALD AND PEASE, ��������� GENERAL  Commission and Fowarding Agents,  Wholesale Jobbers in Groceries and Provisions  Revelstoke Station. 1302)  LIONEL C. BARFF, Mining Broker of tho  Victoria Stock Exchange of British Columbia. Ul. Lbty. Ollice, 32 l-ingley street,  Victoria, B. C. " 37*  GEO. SHEDDEN. STOCK AND SHARE  Broker, Victoria, B.C. (Member of the  B. C. Sock Exchange of Victoria.) Clients  interests carefully guarded and settlements  promptly made. Snares at latest quotations.  356  Do You Want To Borrow. -  It is an easy to pay off a Loan on our plan as  it is to puy rent. . A 9500 loan costs (7.50 per  month and pays off principal and interest in  8 "years, other sums in proportion, time of pay  ment' limited to 8 years. First mortgage  improved property only. Ask tor prospectus.  W. J. G DICKSON.  Agent Equitable Savings & Building Association, 364,  poi)l JlUij a Lot  BUT JUST ONE OF OUR  ARRAWANNA    HAMMOCKS  We haven t many left, but want  to clear out the entire stock. It is  a GOOD   INVESTMENT for you.  We have reduced the prices to  suit all purchasers.  THOMSON  STATIONERY CO. LD.  NELSON, -        -        - B. C,  also VANCOUVER.  MlNlMi. A������BSTS.  W. J. G.  DICKSON.  y 1  REAL ESTATE,  COMMISSION AGENT,  MINING BROKER.  BEALEY BLOCK, BAKER 8T.  ITBX.SO_Sr, 33. O.   , [3351  W. A. JOWETT  MINING & REAL ESTATE BROKER  ixsiikax.e; ana ���������. ���������  COMMISSIO***? AVBNT.  VICTORIA ST.,      ���������   NEL8ON. P. O.  E. A. POWYS & CO.  nsrELsbnsr, b. c.  .  Mining Agents and Sharebrokers,   '  Insurance, Real Estate, Commission  and Mining-Machinery Agents.  A Register kept with full particulars of Claims.  SALE8 NEGOTIATED.  P. G. MDWER  MINING_ENGIN*eH^ANO^MefALLUflGI8T.  SPECIALTY "1  .  Gold Mining & Gold Extraction.  NELSON, B* C.      '.;'.    396  JOHN HIRSCH,  Provincial Land Surveyor. -**  'Okfick:  NELSON   AND   BOSSLAND, B. 0.  140      - Y      '**".���������.  ROYAL HOTEL,  Cor. Stanley nml Silica SlreelH,  3SF_BI_.SO_ISr-_B.0-  HOUSE, FITTINGS and  FURNITURE   ENTIRELY  ..   NEW AND FIRST CLASS.  Bent Location In Town.   Beautiful View*.  Bar  now  Open  and  Stocked with  Choice Liquors and Cigars.  Unequalled in Kootenay.  Give us a trial and  be   Convinced.  CHERBO & BOOTH.  ,  KOOTENAY   LAKE    GENERAL  HOSPITAL SOCIETY  All persons contributing $1.00  per month or $10.00 per year \yill  be entitled to receive the full benefits of the Hospital; in addition the  $10.00 subscribers.will secure tlie  privilege of voting at the annual  election of directois.  A. H. CLEMENTS, Treasurer  J. BLANEY,  Collector  Nelson,  B. C, August 14th,   1896.  (������9)  KOOTENAY- LAKE  SAW mill,  _��������� , . .l .  Nelson   Office  and   Yard  FOOT OF HENDRYX 8TREET.  Builders are invited to inspect my  stock of  Rough  and   Dressed  ��������� Lumber,   Shingles, Laths,  Doors, Sash; Mouldings  Turned Stock, &c.  ORDERS PROMPTLY   FILLED;  Gr. O. fHichai}.--!  413  THE BON TON  RESTAURANT.  Open    Day   and    Night.  TABLE D' HOTE.  BREAKFAST. 7 TO 11  LUNCH,        o-      .   ��������� IS TO S  DINNER, . O- TO 8  BOARD FROM $6.00 UP.  miss m_ ____:. __>T_r_r*_ri5r-  PKOPKIETRE__.  (250)  FOR SALE,  BAKER ST.  Two Lots witb Three Stores  BAKER ST.  0     One Lot with Two Stores.  VERNON ST.  Several Lots (Fifty foot frontage)  .  403 IV. J. ������. DIcIum. Baker St.  ANTOINE MAURIN.  Gleaning; and  11  Dry Goods. Clothing, Etc*,  NEW AND SECOND HAND,  NELSON  (293)  B. C.  ZJ-T-ELSOZL-T  DOORS, SASHES and TURNED WORK,  BRACKETS and OFFICE FITTINGS.  .:,'.-, SATISFACTION  GUAI<ANTEEp.  PRICES REASONABLE.  NELSON, B. C.  ��������� S  E. S. TOPPING  TRAIL, B. C.  Has for sale lots in Trail and Deer Park.   Also  Mines in all parts of the Kootenay Gold Belt  Can furnish stock in legitimate propositions.  Po i)ofc Monkey With Wild Cats.  Will be pleased to   answer, any business  enquiries.  Money to Loan  ���������   ��������� ��������������������������� .. ���������(  Birbeck Investment,  Security & Savings Co.  Arthur R. Sherwood,  AGENT,  383 Nelson, B.C.  Clarke Hotels  Josephine St��������� Nelson.  Enlarged, redecorated and  fitted throughout with the  electric light. Every modern  convenience. Special rates  forboorders- -^L_.I^^--___  The Bar Is swpplled wl������h Clielc-itt Brand*,  arM.Hor-i an'4 .Ibhm.  9  ]^BS. CLABKE,  Late of Boyal Hotel, ^Calgary  KEELY, DOUGLAS & CO.  VANOCOVER, 33. O..  WHOLESALk   GROCERS    AND   DIRECT  IMPORTERS FROM  China,   India  and Japan.  A Full Stock of Groceries, Cigar., Ci������arettes,  Tobaccos, Etc.  ProMPt AllcBllon lo All Order*. .  [32.]  NELS0NJ.OTS.  NOTICE.  . Having appointed "W. J. G. Dickson  local agent for addition A to the town-  site of Nelson, intending purchasers of  lots-or parties wishing information,  plans or price list of the addition will  please apply to him.  v-   .   M F. C. INNES.  RAND & WALLBRIDGE  MINING BROKERS  SANDON,      -      B.C.  We.have much pleasure in  announcing that we have opened an office in Sandon, B. C,  and are prepared to handle  any legitimate mining properties that may be brought to  our attention.  LAWRENCE HARDWARE ������0,  Oiir stock-is-now very complete'in...  n  122  . of almost every, description. . '_, *** ���������  We are here to do business.   . If we have not what you want  Kve will get it tor you.     Give us a trial for Goods and Prices.  ,    TINNING AND PLUMBING. ,  TELEPHONE *N"0. 21.   .     ���������    =    .  i  MilGflli, Silver, Copper or Coal Properties.  Ml BUYor proioto Company to take ore. *.*.  WfliJAlLl'Bonilsof Flectpc Steam or Ho se Car Railways.  WILL BM Waterworks or.Float Bonds of Same.  Manhattan Investors & Securities Co.. Ld.  17 and 19 Broadway,  New York Citjr.  379  ^I������'������������'__;__'''__'__l.___'''_������**al^^  TURNER. BEETON & CO.!  gj WHOLESALE MERCHANTS!  Y^mmmm^.SHIPPERS AND IMPORTERS  JUST ARRIVED  ��������� A Car- Load of  Pabst Beer, Milwaukee Bottling  And a Car Load of  m  sOre  Bags/  VICTORIA and NELSON.          (248)  ^m^m^m^m^m^m'^m^^m^m^M^m^'  Fred J. Squire  ������ HAS RECEIVED HIS SPRING STOCK OF  SCOTCH TWEEDS, SERQES, WORSTEDS  AND.TROUSERINGS.  ^ ^   PRICES #  TWEED SUITS      -"'--..    '$25.00 UP  SERGE. SUITS. -        \,     -   ; $27.00 "  COR. BAKER AND WARD STREETS. so  NELSON, B.C. THE MINER, NELSON, B. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER  5,    1896.  ���������i  I  ���������A-  h  it  1"*  I:  V.  l-'.e  ���������*!  4  .*'  it  ���������#  J sf  ������-;  Iff .  THE WEATHER.  TIIKKMOMETER.  Aug.30-Max 84������   Min 47'  "    31���������        70������  49'*  Sept.   1���������    ���������    73������ .: 58������-  X     2-          71������  57������  "       3���������        ....1.74������-       ������������������'..*. 48������  4-         76������  45������.  "      5-         77������  44������  Theso raiding, are taken at 9 a. in. and consequently represent the highest nnd lowest  tomporaturo during the prccudinK 24 hours.  CHURCH NOTICKS.  Sunday Gth September 18...  Methodist Church, Corner Silica  and Josephine Streets. Services at  11 a. in. and 7.30 p. in. Morning  subject "A Great Woman". Evening  subject "Saul's Funeral Dirge"Sii.'>j>bii.th  School' 2.30 p. in. Prayer, lu.-'tiing  'on Friday evening nt8o'clock.  Presbyterian Church. Services at  11 a. m. and 7.1)0 p. in. Sunday School  at 2.30. Prayer meeting Thursday evening at 8 p. in. Christian  End.avoi Society meets every Monday  evening at 8 o'clock.  Roman Catholic Church. Mass  at Nelson on first and last Sundays in  the month. Sandon second Sunday,  and Kaslo third Sunduy.  MINING TRANSFERS.  Where no consideration is named in transfers  the nominal sum of 81 is to bo understood.)  KELSON  August 29���������  Liberty���������Theo Nelson to A G Millander 1-2  Major, Francis   J���������\V   11  Pollard to ll C  Cooper.  Lady Franklin���������H M Lane to R E PiLcliL. 1-3  Minooka, Iron  King,  Uosa���������J J Dolan to U  B Pitcher 1,V  Minooka and 6 other claims ll E Pitcher to J  _' Reddy 1-3 in each $30.3.  Same claims���������J F Reddy to M B Connely 1-16  *1.000.  August 30���������  Napoleon���������P Marcroix to H Poiricr 1-4 $20.   .  August 31���������  Union���������A "j  Hughes' to  Hector Poiricr 1-2  9112.50.  Morning Star���������J Conner and J H Chipuian to  , R S Le_nie.  September l��������� ���������������������������  Royal,  Emerald���������Jus Rourke-Ui P N Thomson ct al}.  Emerald���������Jas Bourke to C P Young i-  Kagle,   Giayrock���������W C Starkcy  to W F.  Morrison .'$40.  Summit���������Same to saino \ 810.  Caladonia-J H Love to D W Skinner 1-2.  Home.take. Highland���������R B Dougan to Geo.  Grant Francis option to sell for 12.00 until 1st  Oct 1886.  September 3���������  Toronto, Nil Desperandum, Golden Crown���������  S J Graham to J Albano 4 in each.  . Canadian Queen���������A L Anderson to H Brown  1-2.  Eldorado-John Gillis to E T H Simpkins 1-3.  NKW   DENVER.  Aug������8tl2- -  Isie���������R Williams to Boctcher i.  Isle���������R Williams to A Schuler &.  Young Bear���������E A Cameron to D G McUuig J  Young Bear 1-12, Little Darling, Maggie, Iowa  Boy, Black Eagle, Bright Light, Missing Link  No 1,1-9 Mayflower No 5 1-0--D G McUuig to  AWall.ce.        ,  August 13���������'  California���������B Van Houten tb A J Marks 3-16  floOO,. -        .  August H��������� "  Grover t Stevenson 5-6 Currie fraction }���������J L  Drumheller to C W Callahan 6 months bond for  fa-.33S.23  Grover���������Con Dohcrty to C W Callahan bond  on . ISCJO..  Stevenson���������Same, bond J 25000.  KASLO.  August 22��������� .-..'--  Three Brothers-Briggs to Brigs $10.  Keystone-Mitchell to Mitchell ,  .Charleston���������Same to same, right to bond. ���������  August 24��������� \.  Hub���������Martin to   Thisted.  Lucky Strike -Hcnuessy to Tate 8 |102.o0.:  Wisconsin���������Same lo same ������ $102.30.  August 25���������   *-*-_, ,  Montezuma and  Mexico���������Bilsland to Heth-  Ington i.  Moonstone ahd Right Bower���������Brigham  to  Cummings extension of time on bond.  August 22���������  President   and   Two    Brothers���������Gallop to  ���������' Jowett J.,  Homestake���������McAikell to McGregor J.-  NAKUSP. -    ,  August 21-  Prom aatoipa���������Bourrier* Demers" and'Ro.d Mo  Jenkins & Co bond for $30,000.  ' N Demers to F H Bourne power of attorney,  August 24��������� ������-..'_..  Gerald-G A McDonald to M W Bruncr $250,  August 31���������  Tiger No 2���������A Lussar to A Arvidson 1-3.  * Scptomber 1��������� ' Y ���������*  Wm Mclntyre to J S Humphrey* powe.1 of  attorney." .  Millio Mark -G A' McDonald to John Dawson 1-4 $100. .  September 2���������  Black .Diamond���������Wm Mclntyre to T Cague  . 1-2.  .... Black Diamond���������Wm Mclntyre to It Maxwell and 8 Ahlgren 1-4 to each. ,    . c  U08SLANI).  Charleston No 1, Tron Kim-1 and Jessie No 1���������  L O Crawford to Geo R Nadbn J in each.  Theodore���������Geo Lamontagno to F SHobbs 1-2.  Capital Prize���������J Kenedy to Henry Haike 1-4.  Fleetwood���������W B Hazlcwood to H Havko 1-4,  Ihi'/.lcwood, Fleetwood and Capital Prize���������H  Harl' e to C W Callaghan i in each ������100.  Clnrleston No i.tron King and Jessie No I���������  L C Crawford to Maud E- Corsan 1-12 in each.  Center Star No 2 and North Star No 3���������W M  Gill to liossland Star Gold Mining company Ld  ������20-X).  General Coxc*'���������Thos Stout to J G'Rivcrs J.  Occidental���������W L McLauchlan. to Thos Gee  agreement that Gee will sink a shaft 5x6 fI 25  feet from surface.  Campbell���������J C Campbell to Chas Tetley.  Nancy Lee, Lono Jack, Stock Fxchango and  Ibex���������G A Pounder to Dora L Tibbits 1-10.  Notice ol' Application for Crown Grant.  LOCATIONS.  Thero were 3li6 location!, recorded at   the  Nelson ollice in August.  ENGLISH AMD AMERICAN COMPANIES. *''*  (Mining and Scientillc Press.)  Among the many differences between  American and European mining methods  is the manner of management and system  of operation. In" this country miniug is  mainly carried ou by individuals or by  close corporations making, no reports,  and furnishing no statistics as tu income.  In Great Britain and on lhe continent  th** business is almost entirely in the  hands of companies. In Europe, as a  rule, miniug investors" make a business  of joining those companies, the dividends  being their annual profits. Their losses  iu one company are expected to be made  up by. their gains in another.- They  usually stand ready to go" into .any mining Echeme endorsed and guaranteed by  men whom they believe to be responsible  After awhile they learn what to leave  alone, with in-teasing safety for their  investments. This country, as compared  with Europe, is the individual system as  compared with the company system. A  good many things in the mining world  are doue differently in-the old country  from their mauner of administration here.  It has occurred, eveu in California, that  a stockholder, for. instance,' has had  difficulty iu securing information as.to  the working of the mine iu which he  held shares. . In England it is a  prison offense to hold back any  news. from a miue more than forty-  eight hours. * This law is enforced.  All information must be truthful and.  must be immediately accessible by the  shareholders sit the company's office.  Any one, on . payment of 25 cents  at the proper office, can see in London  exact up-to-date statement, concerning the workings and expenses of any  mine incorporated under British law.  This country knows more about mining, but the old country can teach this  considerable about the satisfactory  handling of mining companies. It is  to be said that in speaking of "American mining methods" the fact is recognized that there is no uniformity of  methods in this count ry. For instance,  there is a notable difference in the  Colorado and 'California methods,  caused somewhat .by the non-assessable character of Colorado mining  stock.'and the more conservative character of mining operations in this  State, the difference in this and other  regards being interesting; but, in general, there is a notable difference between American and European mining  systems in tbe manner of handling the  property, ���������   ,.  NOTICE.      ;  A   SITTING" OF  THE  COUNTY COURT  . of Kootenay will be holden at S.NDON  on Thursday the flrst day of October, 1896.  Nelson. B. C. T. II. GIFFIN,  September 4th, 1896.       ���������> Registrar,'  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  L.   915  G,   I.    GOLDENDALE   MINERAL  CLAIM.  Situate in the Nelson Mining* Divisioktof  ' Kootenay District. ' Where Located���������  On Toad Mountain Adjoining the Dem-  oci-at Mineral Claim (L. 236. G. I.)  ri-iAKE NOTICE  that I,   John  Hlrach,-. of  JL Nelson, as agent for Oliver Bordeau of  Rossland. B. C, Free M'ner'a Certificate No.  65113, intend, sixty days from the dato hereof,  to apply to the Mining Recorder- for a certificate of improvements, for thc purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  . And further take notice that action,- under  section 37, must be commenced beferc thc issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this5th day of July, 1896.  393-11.7.6 JOHNHIRSCH.  Certificate of Improvement*.  August 19���������" , '  Wynona���������S Carnon *o C K WatorhoiiHO 1-2."  Tourmaline Fraction���������D E Browne to R F  Dodd 110(10.  Rob Roy���������W G Johnson to J A'Mulrony.  Black Prince���������Jas McNab and John Bernard  to R C Kcenu $400.  August 20���������   -  Union Jack���������Andy Hagcn to R B l'atter*on  Dominion���������A B Sloan to R B Patterson 1-2.  Alice ll���������V B Harper to W B Hazlewood 1-3.  Capital Prize���������J Kennedy to W.B Hazlowood  Hazlewood���������II Hilrke to W B Ha.lcwood J.  Baltrasna and Alice B���������W B Hazlcwood  to  C W Callaghan J in each. -v  . Capital Prize. Hazlewood and Fleetwood���������W  B Hazlewood to C W Callaghan i in each.  Ganiford���������W G Adamson to AII McNeill 1-2  . August 22���������  Mabel F���������Bery Luchcn to John Lynch and  John Purtle j.  ���������* ��������� Charleston No 1, Iron King and Jessie No 1���������  J Calmorgan, Wancn Knigkt, John Gcnhold,  Louis Scholl to L II Crawford. (f  . Crown Point Fraction���������James Pi-ico to J G  lloushtcn J.   .  Summit���������Dan McDermid to M W McLeod 1 2  $25.  Badger���������B Scully to D K English $1000.  Victory���������H E Jacobson to O Jeldncss.  Nippissing, Holdie B Eraction and Florence  _B���������S Beamish. John McLaren and Vf R Beamish to John Hamburg 1-2 in each $2000.  Badger No 2���������Richard Coad and James  Robertson to H C Walters trustee.  Badger No 2-H C Walters*, trustee, to H F  Dodd and John Lineham $8,500.  Detroit Fraction���������Laurice Crcighton to G W  Hornshaw $1,500,  Detriot Fraction���������G W Hornshaw to L Hornshaw $1,300.  Richmond No 2���������James Johnson John Ryan.  Fleetwood���������WB Hazlewood to F C Harper i  Hazlewood���������H Harke to F C Harper \.  Capitol Prize���������J Kennedy to F C Uarper 1-1.  Alice B-F B Harper to F C. Harper h.  Roderick Dhu���������James Cronan to )J M Linnard agreement for sale $10,000. $1,000 down.  $3,000 loth Januarv 1897 balance 10th July 1897  White Iron ana Hope No 2���������N W Tesslcr to  It E Gillespie.  White Iryn and Hope No 2���������R E Gillespie to  J W Gibson trnstce $2000.  Clyde���������John Ro������s to August Schmitter 1-2 $40  Ia: Roi Fraction���������J Moynahan tuLe Roi Min  ing S: Smelting Co.  0 B & Q-F It Tt*. igg and E D Brown to Fred  Halliday.  C B & Q-F Halliday to A B McKenzie W II  Finlaison and J d Ciute jr. $1,000  Boulder���������J Albano to Z E Almbtrom J $Slo.  Esther���������Robert H Smith to R Neill.  Charleston No 1. Iron Kins and Jessie No 1���������  Goo R Naden to ic J Settler i-12 In each.  ���������VTOTICE. Muldoon Mineral Claim situate  __N in the' Nelson Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.  Where located j���������about seven miles west of  thc town of Nelson.  Take notice that I, A. S, Farwell acting ns  agent for Michael C. Monaghan; Frco Miner's  Certificate No. G0327, intend, sixty ..days from  the date hereof, to apply to thc Mining Recorder for a certificate of Improvements, for tho  purpose of ootuining a Crown grant of the  above claim.  'And further take notico that action, under  section 37, must he commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  : Dated this 29th day of June, 189G.  " 3C3-1-7-C      .   '���������        A. S. FARWELL.  FERGUS MINERAL CLAIM.     =-���������  Situate in the Ainsworth Mining Division - ok    West * Kootenay    District.  Where Located:���������About One and One-  Half Miles North .of the Town ok  Ainsworth.  'PAKE NOTICE that I,.A. S. Farwell, act-  L ing as agent, for Alfred J,   Marks.   Free  Miners Certificate No. 73908, intend,' sixty days  from the dato hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder  for .a certificate* of  improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37;1mustbe commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this llth day ot July, l&Mi.  39S-18-7-6 ' A. S. FARWELL.  .  "ATTENDED."  rpAKE   NOTICE that_T._J.       _.  Lendruin   as       agent" for Alfred VV. McCune and-Henry  Gicgerich has filed the necessary papers and  made application for a Crown Grant in favor of  thc mineral claim "Attended" situate in thc  Ainsworth Mining Division of West Kootenay.  Adverse claimants,' if any, must file their  objections with me within 60 days from Iho  date of this publication in thc British Columbia  Gazette.  N. FITZSTUBBS,  i. Government Agent.  Dated Nelson, B. C, July 29. 189S.       (412,1,8,6)  "ELLEN."  rp AKE NOTICE that T. J. Lcndrum as agent  _L for John H, Fink, Joseph Strict, Earnest  I lar r op and Lewis R. Lindsay has tiled the  necessary papers ur.d made application for a  Crown Grant in - favour of| the mineral claim  "Ellen," situated in tho Ainsworth Mining  Division of West Kootenay.      ,'.  Adverso claimants, if any, must fllo their  objections with mc within 68 day* from thu  dato of - this publication in the British Columbia Gazette.  N. FITZSTUBBS.  c  Government Agent-  Dated at Nelson, B. C. July 29. 1896.     [411.1.8.6]  "BUGABOO.'  TAKE NOTICE that T. J. Lcndrum, as  agent for Alfred W, McCune and Honry  Giegrich, has filed thc necessary papers and  made application for a Crown Grant in favor  of thc mineral claim "Bugaboo," situated in  the ' Ainsworth. Mining Division of West  Kootenay.  Adverse claimants, if any, must file their  objections with me within GO days from the  date - of this publication" in the British Columbia Gazette.  N. FITZSTUBBS. ,  Government Agent.  Dated Nelson, B. C, July 29,1896. 410,1,8.6  NOT\CE,  THIRTY DAYS FROM DATE I INTEND  . to apply to tho Chief Commissioner of  Lands and Works for permission to lease as a  timber limit the following described tract of  land situated on Givcoutcroek District of West  Kootenay Province of British Columbia lying  west of the Nelson Sawmill Co's. timber limit  commencing at a post marked H. M. Co's. S.E.  cor planted on the west boundary of the Nelson  Sawmill Co's. limit, 10 chains north of their  south west corrxr post thence west 20 chains  tbencc north 20 chains thence west 20 chains  thence north 20 chains thence west 20 chains  thence north 60 chains thence east 40 chains  thence north 20 chains tlicnco east 20 chain's to  the Nelson Sawmill Co's. ^boundary thence  south 120 chains along said boundary to point  of commencement containing 520 acres more or  less. For THE HALL MINES LD.  H. E. CROASDAILE.  Dated July 24th, 1896, -      407���������25.7.6  NOTICE.  XPNETY DAYS AFTER DATE 1 A. C.  JA Dick, intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission  to.purchase the following described'tract of  land containing six hundred and forty acres,  more or less:���������Commencing at a post marked  "A. C: Dick's S. E. corner post,'.' situate on the  west bank of Slocan River one half milo South  of the West Fork, running thence West eighty  chains, thence North' eighty. chains, thence  East eighty 'chains more or less to tho bank of  tho river, thence South following thc'bank of  the river eighty chains more or lees to point of  commencement _. "'.  Dated thc 22nd day of June, 1896.     (391.4-7-6)  NOTICE.  XTINETY DAYS AFTER DATE, I, W. A.  JA Jowett, intend, to apply to the Chief  Commissioner of Lands and Works,' for permission to purchoso the following described  tract of - land, containing three hundred;'and  twenty acres more or less:���������Commencing at a  post marked -"W. A. Jowett's N. E. corner  post," situate close to the cast bank of Slocan  ltiver about 14 miles from its'mouth,'running  thence south eighty chains, thence west forty  chains more or less to the-hank of the river,  thence norl h, following thc bank of the river  eighty chair, s more or less to a point due west  of the point of commencement, thence cast  forty chains more or less to point of commencement.. *��������� '...--<.  Dated the eighteenth day of June, A. D. 1896.  (������7  NOTICE.  IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT SIXTY DAYS  afterdate of "notice in the Official Gazette,  wc the undersigned intend to apply to thc Chief  Commissioner of Lands and Works to purchase  one hundred and'sixty acres of unsurveyed,:  unreserved and unoccupied Crown Lands, the  description of which is as follows: Situate on  the South shore of Lower Arrow Lake at its  -East-cnd.-Commencing._at- a_pointsOii_said  shore of said lake marked by a post .called  South East corner post, thence South 10 chains  thence West 40 chains thence North 10 chains  or to the shore of said lake, thence Easterly  meandering the shores of said lake to place of  oegining. ���������>-.:���������''  Datcd'this 7th day of July, A. D. 1896.  - - ��������� ��������� ���������  ALLEN G. WHITE,  11.7.6  ,G.E. HALLOCK,  , FRED J. WRIGHT..  Notice of Application for tiquor License,  ���������N:  OTICE is hereby, given that' thirty (lays  __ . - niter this date I shall apply to the Stipendiary Magistrate for a license to sell wines and  liquors by retail at my hotel at Deer Park.".  F. A. EVANS.  8th August 1896. , (116)  The National Matte Smelter.  A practical and simple method of matting  sulphide ores, such ns nickel, copper, gold ana  silver ores. In localities where lead ores and  fuols arc scarce and almost unattainable, odr  pyritic, water jacketed Matte Smelter has  been recognized with highly satisfactory .results, nnd has "been thoroughly tested on.various pyritic, sulphide and arsenide ores, in capacity of 2 to80 tons.per day. It is the most  practical," cheapest and simple-it method of  gold and silver ore matting" and concentrating  that is known to-day.  It requires no extraordinary skill; no lead  ores, no fluxing material, and no fuel of any  kind for the smelter after it is started. The  sulphur in the ore is its natural fuel only, and  sits cost has no comparison with any other process of concentrating.  Wc are prepared to furnish any size or capacity plant complete to substantial - mining  people, set it up and furnish our men to run it  for them on easy payments. Prices and. specifications furnished with references and testimonials on application.   ^,  National Ore & Reduction Co.;  5727 Cheltenham Ave.,  ST. LOUIS, 3Io  Painless Dentistry.  Dr. W. J. Curry of Nanaimo will  be at Nelson for io days beginning  on or about Sept. 7th. First class  work guaranteed." Teeth removed  painlessly by the new method without extra charge. Gas also_admin-  istered .for painless extraction.  Artificial Teeth, Crown and Bridge  Work specialties. Every attention  given to Jthe treatment and filling of  the natural teeth. *-������  Manufacturers of Furnaces for  Nickel, Copper, Gold, Silver and lead Ores.  389  g!3-\   ORES...  c^$.r,   WANTED.  Write for Prices.   Give assays, etc.  State Ore Sampling Co.,  DENVER, COLO.,  TENDERS.  J. M. CAMPION, Secretary-Treasurer.  Telephone 310.  J. E. W. MACFARLANE, Manager  Telephone 449  B-C IRON WORKS COMPANY.  SOI-E MANVFACTIIUEK!. OF THE  Kendall Band Mill,  B. C. Shingle Machines,  Steam Log Hauling Machines,  Marion Steam Shovels,  Improved Winding Hoist,  Kiver and Harbor Dredges,  __ing Ditching Mnchine,  Wrecking Muchiaes,  Ballast Unloading, Etc.  AUKf... ������'!>������  Beeve's Wood Split Pulleys.  Cable Address:   "Cove"  CORNER ALEXANDER  GENERAL    FOUNDERS,     ENCilN-  EERS, ;B01LEK  "HAVERS, .  and Manufacturers of  All. < 1A__1S   CF. -fAdllMH.  St*.- Mill  110 J'riire "Woik a  Specialty.  ALE WORK tt|IAR_tXTEEI������  Keep in Slock a Full Supply of En  gincers'and Mill Supplies, l-iping  und Fittings,  Uiass Goods,  StcMii Fittings, Etc.  Itliinitts fer EoikiF nr.d ci gincs  on application.  Mail  Orders   Receive  Attention.  Telephone 310.  8TREET AND WESTMINSTER AVENUE.  Prompt  P.O. Drawer ������������  "V"^__.DSrOO U V_E3_R, IB. O.  All Agreements are taken subject to the approval of the Company at Vancouver, and are contingent upon strikes, accidents  and other delays unavoidable, or beyond our control. (326)  TIIE   SURVEYOR'S   CHAIN . MADE   IT  THE SHORTEST  TRANSCONTINENTAL    ROUTE.  It l*i the Most Modern In Equipment.  It Is thc HcnvleHt Railed Line.  ���������t lias a Rock-Hallost Roadbed.  It Crosses No Sand Dessert*. -  It Is  the Only Line Running  Luxurious  Club .Room Cars. -  It Is Noted for the Courtesy of Us Employes.  It Is the Only Line Serving Meals on tbe  a .In Carte Plan.  THROUGH   THE  GRANDEST # SCENERY  IN AMERICA B. DAYLIGHT.  Attractive Tours during Season of  Navigation on Great Lakes via Duluth in  connection with Magnificent Passenger  Steamers Northwest and Northland.  For map's, tickets and complete information  call on or address Agents, K. & S, Ry., C. & K.  S. Nav. Co., N. tc-FYS. Uy., or   ���������  C. ti. Dl-YOS, <.enc.nl Agent,  Spokane, Wash.  F. I. WHITNEY, ������. P. * V. A.,  [3511 ~- si. Paul, Minn..  Tl8n."AHWNA  rWill make round tripB on  I)   -.  (Except Sundays.)   BETWEEN-���������  Pilot Bay and Sanca  0      * -  (Granite Creek)  Cai___:k<- at Davie and An_ Point on  .- '    . -  -..'   ' THE BOTJTE.  .Leave;Pilot Bay 9:30 A. M. Arrives at  Sanca 12^oon"^     r~"-    -^_J=T^7^  Be turning, Leave Sanca 130 P. M. Ar.  Pilot Bay 4:30 P.M.  E. ftllSTON,' Master.. D; G, KURTZ, Purser.  Spokane Falls &  Northern R'y.  Nelson A Fort  Sheppard R'y.  All Rail lo Splro, Wifl.  ONLY ROUTE TO TRAIL CREEK AND  Mineral District of the Colville Reservation  Mm, Kaslo, Kootenay Lake & Slocan Points.  Daily (Except Sunday) Between Spokane  and Nelson..  Leave8*40a.m. NELSON Arrive500p.m.  ���������'-���������  7*00am.SPOKANE   "   6.15p.m.  Passengers for Trail Creek mines con  neotat Northport witb Stage and Steamer  Daily. .  Close connections at Nelson with  Steamers for Kaslo and all Kootenay  Lake points. .'  ��������� Passengers for Kettle Biver and Boundary Greek, connect at Marcus with Stage  Daily..  Hi  STR CITY OF  In connection with the present sailing's will make regular trips to  SANCA  Commencing on or before Mondav,  July 27th.  Leaving Kaslo on Monday." Wednesday, and Fridayiat 8:00 a. m. ������  " Leaving Nelson, on Tuesday, Thursday and"Satu.dayat"8:00 a-rnir^- *-*  The right is reserved to change this  schedule at any time without notice.  - -     - 401  CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY  _*L_STI3   SOO   PAOIPIO   EOtTTE.  Pacific Coast anil Eastern Points.  St. Paul, Chicago, Toronto, Montreal,  St: Louis, Kansas City, Buffalo; New York.  EATES.THELOl^BST.  Greatest Variety ofPontes, Kail oi Steamers.  Leaves Nelson Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at 10.00 o'clock, making  close connections with Transcontinental trains at Revelstoke.  -;. Extra trains will leave Nelson Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at 17 o'clock.  Passengers for points north will leave at 17 o'olock and for points south at  10 o'clock.  J. HAMILTON,       ..H. K. MACDONELL, GEO. MoL. BROWN,  - Afirent.-Nelson.       Trav. Fntt. and Pans, Ant., Nelson.      Dist Pass. Agt.Vancouver  Columbia and "Western Railway Co.  <> Time Table In Effect June and. ,!  Tenders ���������will be received until lhe loth Of  September for the erection ot an addition to  thc Uoyal Hotel. Plans and specifications can  be ������.en at the oflice of A E Hodgins.  The lowest or any tender uot neccssarilr  accepted, __|  Train  No.  3  2  4'  Leaves.  Rossland  Trail  Time,  7 A. M.  3 P.M.  5 -?��������� M.  8 A. M.  Arrives.  Time,  Trail  Rossland  Kaslo  & Slocan  Railway  TIMESCARD NO. I.  Going Kast  -Arrive 3.50 p.m  Goino West. Daily  Leave 9.00 a. m. Kaslo  "     8.36 a. m. South Fork  9.36 a. ni. Sproule's  '      9.51a.m. Whitewater  '    10.03 a.m. Bear Lake  10.18 a. ni. McGuigan  '   10.30 a. m. Bailey's  10.39a. m. Junction  3.15 p.m.  2.15 p.m.  2.00 p.m.  1.18 p.m.  1.33 p.m.  1.21 p.m.  1.12 p.m.  Are.  10.50 a.m.'  Sandon Leave   1.00 plin  Subject to change without notice.  For   rates and   information   ppplj   at th.  Company's offices.  ROBT. IRVING, R.W.BRYAN,  (261)  Traffic Manager. Superintendent.  COLUMBIA  &  KOOTENAY  STEAM   NAV. CO,  .    (LIMITED  TIME CARD No. IO  - Im   Effect   June 8th, 1894.  ���������EVEIivrOKE tMlllE-f-K'Utiier "Ki*_kiu_)>-  Leaves'Arrowhead for Nakusp Robson and  ���������trail Mondays, Wednesday* and Fridays at  7 p. ro.   -* ,  Leaves Trail for Robson.  Nakusp,  Arrow  head   and Canadian   Pacific Railway points  _'*\l5^_ian-- wcJ-ti> Tuesdays, -Thursdays   and  Saturdays at 4.30 p.m.  ' Connection is mado at Robson with C. & K  Ry. for Nelson and Kootenay Lake points.  NOUTHI-WKT-.JtAll   ROUTE  Steamer "Ii. Hon."  Leaves   Trail   for   Northport Daily except  Sundays at 8 a. m., returning to Trail same  Connects at Northport with S. F. &N. Rs  for Spokane ' "*.  NEI_JOJV._KA_l_o ltO()TE.---_tr Kohanec-  da^aU:^." f������rKa6l������ -W������cept Sub  AwZthwtm!01' NClSOn Dftiljr  <������ Su"  offlc0e?NCeUotn���������.ra"!8��������� ������tC- apply at C^P"**"  T. ALLAN,  Secretary.  J. "VV. TROUP,  Manager  M0RTHERN  iLJEAGIFICXIL  Pullman Sleeping Cars  Elegant Dining Cars  Tourist Sleeping. Cars  .  1ST. PAW,  MINNEAroU*.  IH'M'TH  VARUO  tilMaM*   FOMM  ���������JMM*K8TO.V  win-wive*;  KEEKNA and  TO  BUTTE  THROUGH   TICKETS  _TO-  CHICAfi* .  WA-niNVTON   -  PHILAOELPHIA  NEW YORK  BOSTON and all  Point. East,  West and South.  For information, time cards, maps and tickets  call on or write   "������   - .  .  F. D. GIBBS, "���������  \  General Agent, Spokane, Wu*h  or���������Y~ A.D. CHARLTON  "Asst.yGent. Pass. Agent Portland,' Oregon '  7;45 A.M  4 P. M.  5:45 P.M.  O A. M.  Ail trains run Daily, on Pacific Standard time.  GOmECTJONS:. Columbia and Kootenay Steam Nav.  Co.'s Boats." SpolJane Falls and Northern Eailway. via  Northport, Canadian Pacific Eailway via Kevelstoke.      ������  S.S. Alberta  LEAVE KASLO for Ainsworth, Pilot Bay and  Nelson daily (Sundays excepted) at 7 a. m.  LEAVE NELSON for Pilot Bay* Ainsworth  and Kaslo daily (Sundays excepted) at  3.30 p.m.  . Close connection is thus made between Lake  points and all outgoing and incoming trains of  the C.P.R. at Nelson.  The steamer is newly equipped in every par  ticular, is lit throughout _y electricity, and  contains oathroom and allmodcrn conveniences  for the comfort o������ passengers.  The above scl.t*dule is ia'effect 1st of April,  1896 subject to change.  JAS. WAUGH GEO. T. HAYWARD  PuserJ- -faster


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