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The Miner Dec 14, 1895

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 THE MINES IN KOOTENAY AEE  AMONG THE ElOHEST IN  AMEEIOA.  _.J*j��������� OSES AEE HIGH-GEADE JN  ^      GOLD, SILVEE, OOPPEE  AND LEAD.  Whole Number 278.  Nelson,  British Columbia, Saturday, December  14,  189 =  Price Five Cents.  1 >  METAL QUOTATIONS.  NKW YOIllv.  Dec���������   ,   1 i) 11  Sn.vnu...Mil   ...QJi (Wi  Lkai* :)������-.....3'_7J....:K7.  The telegraph service   lias been interrupted  since Wednesday by thc snow.  SILVER.  New York, Dec. 11.��������� The sharp fall in silver  to 2.15-Hkl per ounce in London is believed to  be due to tlie fact that, tho Chinese indemnity  to Japan, which, so far as paid, was deposited  in the Bank of England, lias been turned over  to the Japanese government, wliieh. inst end ot  expending it for the purchase of silver for use  in Japan, as expected, is now lending it m the  London market. This is construed to mean  that the moner which was naid in gold will be  expended in Europe, probably in the purchase  of warships and material. Thi- is naturally  very disappointing to the London speculators  in the white metal, who had accumulated a  very large stock of it, and has caused them to  unload, with the result of a decrease in prices.  At present the market for rupee paper is siow.  ORE SHIPMENTS.  TONS  VIA   XOl.l'IU'OKT.  Nov. 25���������Josie to Great Falls  6  "    25-30���������War Eagle to Helena  32'  Dec. 1-7���������         *'                "         ���������**'  Nov. 28���������Cliff to Tacoma  '  Dec.   1��������� . ���������'             "       ���������'  'J  VIA WANKTA.  Nov.27���������R I. Lee to Snnltcr, Mont  15  Nov. 20 to Dec. 4-War Eagle to Prickly  Pear Junct  290  Total  3!)1  Total _lli|mi-iils Since .IIIlie, 18113.  Nelson   Ains worth   Trail Creek (gold ore)..  Slocan via Nakusp   Slocan via Kaslo   blue Bell to Pilot Bay.  TONS  .     211.'  .    1121  . 13,-05  . 1,551  .     030J  .22,101  Total '''J.55''  .    BULLION SU1I-MENTS.  Already reported since June. 1895,  MINING TIUNS-'EKS.  TONs  2020  . NELSON.  November 26���������  Arctic, Antartic, Pacific, Atlantic. Great  Divide, Swiss Highland Chief. Burns, Kootenay  Pass, Kosena .lost, Nowry, -Baltic and Perth���������  Hermann Cleaver to W K Richmond, mortgage  for ������1,000. '  Eureka���������John McRae commences action  against W SwordCeger and W B Leitcli for $750  December il���������  Long Tom���������Swan Nelson to W J Lindsay, i,  and lo E A Powys. i, $1. **  December 12���������  Young Grouse, Epoch. Idaho, Donation, E G  Hoel/.le to John Einpey, 3-5 in each, SL  Titanic���������Frank Cliilds to John Kmpey, 3-5, SI  Maud S, Ben Hassen, Sullun, John Howard  to John Einpey, 2-5 in each, SI, and 1-5 in each,  !J5CJandtol-U lloulsilo, l-iiinoueli, $1.  December 4:- r    ,     .  ,       *  Marion i, Crown Point i. Lookout i. Stem-  winder i. Cape Horn i. Arrow Lake J���������Charles  Harrington to W Mulholland.  Star-J Kelly to C FF Lake, 1, 8100.  December 6���������  California Girl���������A A McPherson to C F F  Lake, i, S1C3. , .    >  NEW   LOCATIONS.  NELSON.  December 7���������  Snowman���������31   Spellman   and    W   Feeney,  Beaver ereck.  Oro Fino���������Godfrey Birtsch, Poorman Mt.  THE WEATHEK.  - Mild weather has prevailed during thc week  with snow yesterday and today. '  T11EKMOMKTKK.  "Dec.~8=Jtax7TTTTTll**���������Min-  !l-  10-  11���������  12���������  13-  11���������  .12=>  ...10������  .. 43������  ...16������  ...47������  ....47������  r.TT.-���������:������---   32������   32   35 ������   37������   30������   29������  These readings are taken at 9 a. m. and consequently represent' the highest and lowest  temperature during the preceding 21 hours, -  Notice of ApnlieiUio'n I'or Liquor License.  The undersigned give notice that thoy intend  applying to the,Stipendiary .Magistrate of the  District, of West Kootenay for a retail liquor  liccnsefor their hotel in Sandon.  J. \V. SW1T/.ER.  CH. McCLUSKY.  Sandon, Dec. 9, 1895. (251)  Notice oi Application   for Liquor License.  We hereby give notice that thirty days after  this date we intend to make application for a  license to sell Wines nnd Liquors by retail at  our premises on Baker Street, Nelson.  TIIK HUDSON'S BAT CO.      ���������  Nov. 16, 18S5.      - (-'.���������'!>, 16, 11, 5)  Notice of Application for Liquor License.  I hereby give notice that thirty clays after  this da e I intend to make application for a  license to sell wines and liquors by retail at my  hotel, to be known as the Royal Hotel, on  Stanley Street, l. G. CUIII.Y.  Xelson. Nov, 30, 1S95. (211, 30, 11. 5)  "VT OT1CK is hereby given that application  _L>I . will be made to the Legislative Assembly  of the Province of Hritisli Columbia at its next  sitting for an Act to amend "Tlie Vernon and  Nelson Telephone Company's Act. IS01," so as  to enable the company io construct telephone  lines anywhere on the mainland of the province  and to amend the schedule to the said Act relating to the tariff-or charges of the said  Company.       .    WILS0N- & CAMI,BELLi '  Solicitors for the Company.  Vancouver, Dec. 10. isa>. - (255)  NEWS OF THE CAMPS.  "VTOTICE is hereby given, that application  __N will be made to the Legislative Assembly  of the Province of British Columbia, at its  next Session by the Lillooet, Fraser River and  Cariboo Gold Fields, Limited, a Company incorporated in England under the Companies  Act IS62 to 1S90 (Imperial), on the 2ith day of  April, 1S95, for an Act confirming, and conferring upon it, the powers of the said Company as the same appears in the memorandum  and articles of association deposited in England  with the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies,  and giving the said Company power to acquire,  by location or otherwise, nnd to hold in its own  name.'any number of Mineral Claims, whether  situate on the same vein, or elsewhere, and to  apply for and obtain mining leases, of any area  in extent, or to purchase or to otherwise acquire  the same, and to consolidate any of suuh leases  or mineral claims, and hold any water rights  that mav be hereafter acquired, as appurtenant  to the whole, or any part of the applicants'  property so to be acquired: and to do all such  things as are incidental or conductive to the  attainment of the above objects, or any of  them.  Dated at Victoria, B,  C. this 25th day of  November. A. D. 1895.  McPiiiixips, Woottox & Barnard,  (252) S olieitors for the Applicants.  NAKU81*.  [From our own Correspondent.]  Our snow is fast disappearing under n  steady fall of rain.  Geo. Graham N'. & S. conductor left for  Nelson on Fridays boat.  Tbe Rev. Mr. Love held service iu the  school house ou Friday evening.  Mr. Deuchesuey, C. 1*. li. engineer  came down on Friday morning, and proceeded to Sandon, where he will remain  a short time. ������  Str. Nakusp made ono extra trip on  Sunday, with a load of freight for here,  and Slocan points, and returned same  evening with three cars of ore one of  them from the Slocan Star the other two  from the concentrator at Three Forks.  The proprietorship of the Hotel Na-  kusp has changed, Mrs. Crawford Jate of  Victoria, having purchased Mrs. Allan's  interest. Mr. J. L. Davis who has been  managing for Mrs. Allan, leaves to assume the same position at the Hotel  Allan in liossland.  LOCAL   NEWS.  OJiE SHIPMENTS.  We have received a letter from  "West Kootenay" which is too  long to print in full. It complains that  the reports of ore shipments given by  the various Kootenay papers are confusing, as they all seemed based on  different periods. Our correspondent  wittily remarks : "The Tribune predicts valuation bub gives no weight, so  that it might be said, its predictions  carry no weight; The Miner gives  weight without valuation." It is polite  of him to omit the corollary, but it is  obvious.  We have nothing to. do with any  reports that other papers may print,  and we do not deal in predictions.  We hold that the "best word" about  this country to outside intending investors is the volume of work done,  and .hot is best exemplified by the  actual number of tons shipped. These  we obtain from official sources. A few  minor ones may escape us, especially  soiiie of those which go to Pilot Bay.  We know of certain ore that went out  via Nakusp in October last of which  the official returns have not yet  reached us. Otherwise our returns are  accurate, - except in so far that they  are somewhat within the mark.  We do not publish the values for the  simple reason that it is not possible^to  obtain theni. The only figures we  could get would be the Customs' valuations. These we get ^periodically for  what they .are worth, which is not  much. Actual values could only be  got from smelter returns, and these  could only be obtained from mine  owners themselves, who naturally as a  rule refuse to give theni. Such information, too, would always be open  to question. We select the ordinary  fiscal year as oucperiod because it fits  in with all the-Government official  returns, and is, therefore, we believe,  the most useful pe;:od that can be  chosen.  We pay great attention' to this  feature of The Miner and we find that  it meets with a great deal of appreciation. Our only regret is that the mine  owners themselves as a rule (not all of  them) are so reluctant to aid us in giving figures that cannot but tend to  their own advantage.  The Mining and Scientific Tress of  San Francisco has tbe" following to say  on the subject: Authentic bullion ship:  ment statistics are of value to the county  or district sending them and benefit any  region more than any other kind of  mining news.  MINING NOTES.  (From our Exchanges. ,  The Witwatersiand, South Africa,  gold output for October was ll)2,li52  ounces, 2,112 ounces less than that of  September and 10,921 ounces less than  the August yield, but 10,27-1 ounces  more than the output of October, 1894.  "According to the London Economist  the decline in the Kaffir gold market  valuation in London from the first  part of September to. November llth,  was from $1,070,803,120 to.$717,0!)1,125,  a fall of .$358,808,995, ot about 33_ per  cent in about GO days.  Thc London Mining .Journal of  the 23rd November has its leading  editorial note on Kootenay. It commences by saying; "We continue to receive  excellent accounts of the progress of the  mining industry of British Columbia.  We are still of the opinion that this  country is destined iu good time .to absorb the attention of the investor aud  capitalist though we are afraid that it  must still excersise * a great amount of  patience ~ before this cc nsummation is  reached. Fortunately for the industry,  and unfortunately perhaps for British  Columbia other countries seem to be  coming more rapidly to the front and  naturally attention, will be directed to  them. The paper theu gives an* account  of the progress of. the country mentioning the dividends that have been paid by  various companies.  CHUJt.II NOTICES.  Sunday, December 15, 1895.   *  Methodist Church,   Corner Silica  and Josephine Streets.   Services at 11  a. m. and7.U0 p. in.    Morning subject :  j "Love and Reason."    Evening subject:  "Is God Unreasonable."  Church ok England. Services at  11 a. m. and 7.30 p. in. Holy Communion at 8 a. in.  Presbyterian Church. Services  at 11 a. rn. and 7 p. in. Sunday School  (Union) at 2.30. Prayer meeting Thursday evening at 8* p. m. Christian  Endeavoi Society meets every Monday  evening at 8 o'clock.  Catholic Church. Services first  and _er-ond Sundr ys of the month at  Nelson.  Mass at 10.30. Vespers at 7.30.  The Oddfellows are arranging for a  ball on New Years Eve.  The Provincial Parliament is summoned to meet ou Thursday 23rd January.  The Canadian Pacific Telegraph Company has opened au oflice at Ainsworth.  Messrs. Switzer and McCluskey of  Sandon are about to apply for a liquor  license for their new hotel.  Turner, Beeton & Co.'s new bonded  store has beeu completed and a car load  of whiskey was takeu iu yesterday.  Mr. J. H. Bowes left ou Wednesday  for a holiday in New York. Mr. E. H.  Tomlinson of the Last Chance left also  on Friday for his home in Florida.  The Hall Mines is appealing against  having the ore on the dump assessed  as personal property. The question is  one ot" considerable interest to mine  owners.  The daily mail between Nelson and  Kaslo will probably begin next week. A  supply of mail brgs was necessary for  this service, and Postmaster Gilker is  expecting them by every train.  Mr. Creagh late of Calgary and now of  "Vancouver, the special agent of the  Mutual Life company was in Nelson during the week. He left on Thursday for  Pilot Bay and the Slocan.  Ou Wednesday the 4th inst., the coroner issued his order for the burial of the  unfortunate man Geo. Piatt. He was  not buried until Holiday the 9th, five  days afterwards. Is it not possible for  the authorities to make better arrangements than this.  Mr. J. D. Breeze general agent for B.  C. of the old reliable Canadian Life Insurance Co., and the Confederation Life Association is in town on one of his regular  visits. Mr. Breeze reports business good  for the vear. Mr. Jowett is resident  agent for Nelson, Kaslo and vicinity.  A man named Kaiser was brought  down from Ainsworth,on Sunday having accidently shot of his lower jaw.  It appears that he was reaching for his  rifle when by some unexplained reason  it exploded. His escape from death  was narrow. He is now in the hospital.  The Vernon and Nelson Telephone  company will apply during the coining  session of parliament for leave - lo  amend their act so as to enable them  to construct telephone lines anywhere  on the mainland of the province, and  to amend the schedule of the Act relating to their tariff of charges.  It is difficult to predict the future  work in the magazine field. No one  would have conceived, ten years ago,  that a thirty-five-cent magazine would  ever contemplate the use of the expensive  lithograpic processes in printing. But a  ten cent magazine has put in a large and  complete lithographic plant with the  avowed purpose of furnishing a certain  amount of color-work every month. The  first result is the reproduction off a water  color, drawn by Kossi for The Cosmopolitan, and redrawn upon stone by The  Cosmopolitan lithographic artists, and  printed upon The Cosmopolitan presses.  Work upon even a more extended scale is  promised for the January number.  The Dominion-Government is drawing  from ten to twenty thousand dollars a  month from Kootenay and as yet the  people who pay the piper have not had  even a dance for their money. A good  c.istoms house and post office in a central  position would be a convenience to the  public and add to the appearance of the  town. At present there are one or two  vap_ac_t_lo_������ specially suited for a building,  of this kind, but they will s_on be tilled  up and then.the government will eithei  have to go aud build on a back street or  else pay a long price for its site. "  We were certainly amused at the very  creditable little show given by Prof.  Lewis and his attractive daughter, Miss  I. M. Lewis, at the Fire hall last evening.  Some of the boys proved a trifle too  strong:minded for the professor in his  mesmeric efforts'; but'then we area hard-  headed lot anyhow. The recitations were  good aud so were the tricks, though not  total strangers to all of us. The hall is a  poor, one to show in and' it goes without  saying tbat the professor could produce  a much better effect with better surroundings. Those who were not able to be  present will havo an opportunity ot going tonight and seeing a different performance,  ft  ' A list has been published of companies  formed to operate mines in British Columbia. The aggregate amount of their  capitals is away up in the millions. This  lisfcis being copied iu papers all over the  country. This is unfortunate,because it  is exceedingly misleading. Some of the  companies it names scarcely had any existence at all except on their prospectuses,  others have died since, while of those  that remain only a small portion ot the  capital is paid up. It is a -pity to publish such statements about a country,  they only give it a "black eye," We  note with pleasure the suggestion of the  Spokane Chronicle that the capital stock  should represent the value of the iuvest-  ment-  An entertainment will be given by the  Ladies' Guild of the Church of England  in-'the Fire Hall on Wednesday next.  During the afternoon there will be a sale  of dolls and other things that children  want at Christmas, and in the evening  tor the first time in Nelson the famous  Mrs. Jarley and her world-reuuwned waxworks will appear. Though this talented  lady has been performing for many years  all over the world her entertainment is  ever new, never fails to throw the audience into convulsions of laughter and  gives no sign whatever of losing its immense popularity. Mr. Whalley, who is  well known to Nelson audiences, has beeu  engaged at an enormous expense to take  charge of the show. During the evening  the Nelsou orchestra, which gained so  much appreciation at recent concerts,  will perform, and we are informed that at  the end ef the evening the chairs will be  removed and the floor will be found most  excellent for dancing. In the evening an  entrance fee of 25 cents will be charged.  NEWS   OF   THE WORLD.  END OFTHE GREAT STRIKE.  Durrant  to Hung in February--French   Hi-  Mctallism-A Big hot.  Harry Hayward, who murdered his  mistress, Catharine Ging of Minneapolis,  to gain the insurance money on her life,  was hanged on Wednesday.  The Santa Fe railroad was sold by  auction in one lot at Topeka on Tuesday  last. It was knocked down to Edward  King, who represents the new company,  for 860,000,000.    His was tbe only bid.  The attorneys for Theodore Durrant  on Wednesday moved for a writ of probable cause for an order to prevent thc  prisoner's removal from the county jail  to the state prison at San Quentin. The  court denied the motion, and subse  quently signed Durrant's death warrant,  fixing Friday, February 21, as the date  of execution.  The wife of Dr. Nansen, the Arctic explorer, has received a letter by carrier  pigeons at Christiana, Norway, to the  effect that her husband's expedition is  doing well. Dr. Nansen's expedition in  search of the North Pole sailed on his  vessel, the Fram, on June 24, 1893, and  since that time speculation has beeu rife  as to its outcome. Further details of the  report from the expedition will be awaited  with deep interest.  A despatch from the Times from Paris  says that the French bi-metallic league  hos convened au international conference  from December 10 to December 12, to  agree upon the terms of an appeal for an  international agreement for the use of  both gold and silver as money metals.  Representatives of ...England, Belgium  and Germany will attend. The Post's  Berlin correspondent says that Count  von Mirbach, leader of the agrarians, Dr.  Otto Arendt, "editor of the Deucher  Vochenschrift, the organ of the bi-  metallics, and Count von Karderff, the  silver champion, will be present.  The great shipbuilding strike has been  settled. The masters agreed to grant the  Clyde men a shilling a week advance immediately and another shilling iu February. The strike has also beeu settled  iu Belfast, where the men will get a  shilling advance in February. The settlement was undoubtedly brought about by  the fact that both the Clyde and other  shipbuilding firms were in danger of losing important contracts to build foreign  warships, orders fer which had already.  been transferred to German concerns.  ���������>  Increased steerage rates from New  York to Europe went into effect last  week. Mr. Johnson,,of the Thingvalla  .Hue, said: 'To simplify matters I may  say that we have arranged the classica-  tiou of three rates. There are fast ships,  medium ships and slow ships to Europe.  There is a differential rate of $1.50 between the fast and the medium rates, and  $2,50 betweeu the rates of the fast and  slow ships. After the two years' war in  rates between the various steamship  companies, we have arrived at the basis  of from ������35 to ������37 to British ports and  from ������29.50 to ������32 to Scandinavian  points for prepaid passages."*  CORRESPONDENCE.  The People and the Lawyers.  To tho Editor ot The Minkr:  Sir,���������I hope you will allow me space  to reply briefly to the note contained  in-yourlast-issue-iegarding���������the-Law-  Society of Manitoba. In the. first  place I fail to see how your assertion  that the Society "had to lick the dust"  is borne out by the statement, that  the law of . chattel mortgages was  amended, and that a bill to  abolish the Law Society:, was read a  first time, and thrown out on the  second reading, lt is not until the  second reading that the principle of a  measure is considered. Apart from  this, however, the information which  you have received is. singularly hazy  und imperfect. There was no session  of '92-3. There was a session in each  of these years, but no session spreading  over parts of both. The law of chattel  mortgages was not amended at all in  1892, and in 1S93 only so far as it.eirecl-  ed the renewal of mortgages four years  qjd. -There was an amendment in 1891  regarding the abandonment of exemptions, ���������' passed very likely- at the  instigation of the Patrons of Industry;  but legal expenses were not dealt with  and so far as they were brought into  tin/discussion, it. was not lawyer's expenses, but bailiff's expenses, that tbe  Patrons objected to. A lawyer's costs  in connection with a chattel mortgage  are very small. .The heavy expense-  comes, when the mortgagor is in default, and a bailiff has to be paid for  mileage, possession money, sale, etc.  The fees to be taken by bailiffs-are  fixed in Manitoba by a statute that  has not been changed since 1888.  There has been no material !altera-  tion in the Law Society since 1887. Jf  a bill Yvas ever introduced to abolish  the Society I am quite satisfied that  no committee was appointed "to lobby  against it." Mr. O'Malley, I believe,  did something, not in the session of  "92-3. nor in 1891. when chattel mortgages \t ere under discussion, but during the, session of this year. My  recollection is that he moved a resolution; but whatever he did "the Law-  Society did not think it worth while  to notice him.    Yours truly,  A. WHKAI.XKI:.  Kaslo,. Dec. 9. 1895.  'The publication of this letter will,  we hope, pour balm intothe wounded  feelings ol any Manitoba lawyers who  imiv havi readout original article, and  we think that as the question it refers  to is of the nature of the proverbial red  hetring, enough has been said upon it.  ���������Ed.J  MKANING  OK   SOME   TI.CIINLCAL  TERMS.  In view of the approaching installation of the electric light in Nelson the  following article from the Mining and  Scientific Press is interesting :  Electricity is au agent of such wide  spread and increasing use that the newspapers are continually referring to il in  one way and auother, and employing  technical terms that are not as fully  understood by the average reader as by  the experienced electrician. Repeated  explanation of some of these expressions  therefore, is excusable, if not actually  desirable.  The best authorities in this department  of science admit they do not know exactly  what electricity is, although they can  tell us a good deal about its behavior.  In doing so they find it convenient to  compare this particular form of force to  a fluid, but caution us to accept figuratively and uot literally the phraseology  empfoyediu doing so. The word "current" for instance, must not be construed as meaning that any matter of  substance moves through the '^conductor,"  but merely that' the mysterious energy  in question propagates itself along a  given route in a manner resembling the  How of a fluid.  There are two ;forms of current, the  "direct" and "alternating." The one  wouldbe correctly illustrated by a steady  stream of water issuing from au open  faucet, the other, by the movement which  a fluid in a pipe would have if a pump  attached thereto should alternately push  and suck, thus changing the direction of  the flow regularly aud at very short intervals. The dynamos which generate  these two kinds of current bear a close  resemblance to each other. Each has a  revolving central portion, called an armature, made up partly of coils ot wire,  in which momentary electric impulses  are excited by passing in" front of fixed  magnets. But the connections of the  wires are such that in one case two successive impulses are merged into one continuous stream, and in the other are not  only kept apart, but steered in opposite  directions, when issuing from the machine.  The current is led out from a dynamo  by means of two carbon bats, called  "brushes," resting ou the shaft of the  armature, aud connecting with wires that  conduct the electricty to and from place  of consumption- In a direct current machine the brushes press against "the  commutator," a split tube, each of whose  numerous sections is the outlet for ar  mature coil. In an alternating generatoi  the brushes are iu contact with a pair of  continuous bauds, similarly situated and  called ''collecting rings."  "Sparking"'is the development of electric sparks through imperfect contact  of brushes and commutator. The phenomenon is not observable in alternating  current machines.  Electricians find it necessary in generating, conveying and applying a current to treat it as if it hud both volume  and pressure, like water in ��������� motion. A  visible fluid, tor instance, may pour from  a pipe to a large or a small stream,, according to the quantity transmitted: and  it may come out either languidly or in n  jet- so'swift aud hard as to run a mill  wheel. Volume is computodiu'"amperes,"  and pressure in "volts." The total  amount of energy possessed by a current  is ascertained by multiplying the number  of ampers by the number ot volts. The  product is iu "watts," and 7dG watts aie.  equivalent to one horse power. A thousand watts, or a "kilowatt," is equal to  one and a third-horse power.  For some purposes it is desirable to  have a large amperage and a low voltage  aud for the otheisa low ampO������age_an-l__a^  high voltage. But aeurrentis-"iTolTilwavsF  geueiated iu just the quantity or at just  the pressure required. This is particul-'  arly true where one large plant supplies  electricty to several consumers, one using  it for lighting, auother for heating another for welding and another for power  Hence apparatus has been devised which  will change voltag1*. It is called a '���������transformer.". Of course, when it raises the  voltage.of a current it leduces the'amperage, and vice versa. The total amount  of energy is not altered j* except that in  the process of transformation there is  always'a certain small loss. The instrument to which the name "transformer''  or '.'static transformer" is now exclusively applied is capable of altering the vole-  age of alternating currents only. In  principal this device is like "'two coils of  wire, carefully insulated from each other,  but placed together so .that a current  flowing in one, thc ''primary," excites a  current in the other, tlio "secondary." If  the secondary has ten "times as many  turns'of wiie as the primary, tlie voltage  of the induced current will be ten times  that ofthe original current. A well-made  static transformer delivers to the secondary circuit about 90 or 97 per cent of the  total energy put into primary.  Even the best conductors of 'electricty,  such.as copper, offer some rcsistence to  its, passage. The larger tlie- wire, the  more easily the current will flow, and the  less will be the loss of energy from this  source. ��������� But if t". e line be a long one,  the cost of the copper may be too great.  Fortunately, though, a current can be  sent over a smaller wire at a higher voltage than at a low one. Hence, for long  distance transmission, it is customary, to  use.a "step-up" transformer at the generator end of tlie line, and a "step-down"  transformer where the current,. is. to be  applied. The great Niagara dynamos  generate alternating currei'ts, and do so  at a voltage of 2000. To supply., a consumer engaged in making aluminum  with a "low tension" direct current a  static transformer is used to get thevolt-  age dowu to 1_5, aud then a "rotary converter"! completes the alteration. But  for transmission to distributing centers  iu Buffalo*. Rochester. Pittsburg, Syracuse and more distaut poiiats, the current  will no doubt be transformed up too at  least 10.000 or 20,000 volts, and possibly  50.000 or 00.000. Lord Kelvin once suggested the possibility that electricity  might be sent from Niagara to New York  City at 80.000 volt!-. At piesent U.O'JO is  the highest actually in use anywhere, although 20,000 was employed on the  famous Lauffen-Fraukfort line iii Germany, 110 miles long, operated  in  18S9.  CHRISTMAS NUM1.EK.  Next week, ou Saturday, the 21st inst.,  The Mineic will be issued at double its  usual size. The extra space will consist  of twenty-four additional columns -of  rending matter and will contain new aud  original illustrated stories by the .most  popular authors of the day, among whom  are Stanley J. Weymau, Rudyard Kipling  and Florence Warden.  A large number of extra copies will be  printed and issued to the public at the  usual price. There will be as much  reading matter as there is in au ordinary  novel.  PRIZE   ESSAY  COMPETITION  On the Amendment   of  the .Mining Laws ot.  Hritisli Col'unbi.i.  The defectiveness of the mining laws  of this Province are notorious, and in  view of the coming session of Parliament  the time appears suitable for opening up  the subject of their amendment? On all  sides it is common to hear suggestions  thrown out for bettering* them, and we  propose to ask the public to ventilate  their opinions on this subject through  onr columns. For this purpose it is our  intention to offer prizes for the best  essays on the subject of the "Amendment  of the Mining Laws." We shall give full  particulars and conditions next week and  we look for a result that will be profitable  to the writers, interesting to our readers  aud useful to the district at large.       "  THE EASTERN SITUATION  FORCING THE DARDANELLES.  Said   faslia   Takes    Kellie at   the   British  Embassy.  The condition of affairs in Turkey is still  very much the same as it was "last week.  The daily papers are filled with telegrams  from every available point giving news of  all sorts and kinds. Much of this may  be regarded as fiction.  Up to Tuesday last it was generally  stated that the powers would insist ou  the acceptance of their demand to be allowed to send in extra men-of-war to  act as guardships in the inner seas.  Said Pasha President of the Council of  State fled from his house and has taken  refuge in the British Embassy., This  course became necessary on account of  the threatening attitude of the Sultan.  Saia is exceedingly popular with the  modern party of progress iu Constantinople aud the Sultan has accused him of  being concerned mi the new and revolutionary movements and also with sympathising more or less with the European  powers.-in their demand for reform. Under these circumstances the Pasha naturally regarded with suspicion, au invitation to take up his residence within  tho Yildiz enclosure. We had seen good  men go there before and remembered that  their return was uncertain. When the  invitation reached him therefore he fled  at once to the British Embassy, asked"  for and received an asylum.  Const.au tiuople^Dec: 10.���������Tire ��������� long--'  drawn out controversy between the ambassadors of the powers and the Sultan  over the question of the admi'sion of additional guardships for the protection ' of  Embassies'was. settled at'8:10 this evening by the issuance of the irade granting tlie necessary firmans to permit the  the guardships to pass the Dardanelles.  The demand was first made upon the  Sultan on November 19, and scarcely a  day has passed since then withoutits being  renewed in mote or less " peremptory  manner. The ingenuity displayed by  the Turkish government in evading a  direct answer to-the demand, or when  forced to answer, the effective pleadings  put forth for delay, had almost brought,  the mind of Europe to the conclusion  that the demand would never, be complied with. Meantime days and weeks  passed by without any action and.: the  consideration of things iu Constantinople  that brought out thc demand has almost  passed.  News received from Van, a city of  Armeuia. states that fully fiO.OOO refugees -  are crowding the city from -200 villages",  which have been destroyed in the province of Van. The Turks are greatly  hampering the relief work conducted by  Dr/Graee Kimball "and her missionary  associate's. Mission work is necessarily  suspended for the "present. The schools  are closed. Information cotnesfrom Bit-  liz that tho missionaries' lives there are  in danger and that they are awaiting a  chance to escape to a place ot safety.  The Christian *Herald, of New York,  has telegraphed to Clara liaitou. president of the American Red Cross Society  al Washington, offering to contribute  ������25,000 for relief if the Red Cross assumed the responsibility of the work in that.  conutry..  ."' Loudon : A despatch . to the Times "  from Urumiah, Persia, sajs: "It is now  certain that the-Hamidiehl cavalry have  I destroyed 200 villages iu the province ol  | -V;in. - Fifty" thousand homeless people  | are flocking into the city of Van and the  i government is doing nothing to prevent  -!'further outrages."  London:   A   Vienna, despatch   to th_  ' Times says :   "'News was  received  from  Trebizonde today of fresh atrocities.   The  bishop and five ecclesiastics were burned  alive while seekiug  refuge in a building.  ' Fresh outrages  have occurred in other  - parts of Asia Minor.  St. Petersburg:   The issuing of. pass-  _ ports to pilgrims   to  Palestine  has been  suspended iu coiisequeuc- of the distur-  j bances there. THE MINER, NELSON, B. C, SATURDAY, DECEMBER i4) 1895.  Once Aboard tlie Lugger.  By "Q.������  (Continued from 'Last Week.)  The young; man felt a slight chill rundown his spine. He leaned forward oue  of the window and challenged the apparition, bating his tone, as all people  bate it at that hour.  "Who are you?*' he deuiandpd, "nnd  what is your business hi .is?"  There was no reply for a moment,  though he felt sure his voico must havo  carried to the quay .���������door. The figure  paused for a second or two, then unbarred tho lower flap of the door and advanced across tho wall's shadow to tho  center of tho bright grass plot under tho  window. It was tho figure of a young  woman. Her- head was hare and her  sleeves turned up to the elbows. Sho  woro; no cloak or wrap to cover her from  the night air, and her short skirted,  coarse frock was open at the neck. As  *he turned up hor faco to the window  the minister could see by the moon's  rays that it was well favored.  "Be you the new preacher?" sho asked, resting a hand ou Iter"hip and speaking softly up to him.  "I am thenow Independent/minister."  "Then I've come for you."  "Como for mo?"  "Iss.   My name's Nance Trowartha,  an  you  'en wanted   across the water  quick as possible.     Old   Mrs.  Slado's  a-dyin tonight over yonder. "  "She wants me?"  "She's one o" your congregation an  can't die easy till you've seen her. I  reckon she's got something 'pon her  mind, an I was to fetch you over quick  as I could."  As' she spoke the church clock down  in the town chimed out tho hour, and  immediately after ten strokes sounded  on the clear air.  Theminister consulted his own watch  and seemed to be considering.  "Very well,"'said ho after a pause.  "I'll come. I suppose I must cross by  the ferry?"  ''Ferry's closed this two hours, an you  needn't waki up any in the house. I've  brought father's boat to the ladder below, an I'll bring you back again.  You've only to step out here by the back  door. An wrap yourself up, for 'tis a  brave distance."  "Very well. I suppose it's really serious."  "Mortal. I'm glad you'll come," she  added simply.  The young man nodded down in a  friendly manner, and goiug back into  the room slipped on his overcoat, picked  up his hat and turned the lamp down  carefully. Then he struck a match, found  his way to the hack door and unbarred  it. The girl was waiting for him still in  tbe center of the grass plot.  "I'm glad you've come," she repeated, but this time there was something  like constraint in her voice. Ashe pulled to the door softly she moved and led  the way down to the waterside.  From the'quay door a long ladder ran  dowu to the water. At low water one  had to descend 20 feet and more, but  now tho high tido left but threo of its  rungs uncovered. At the-young minister's feet a small fishing boat lay ready,  moored by a short painter to the ladder.  The girl stepped lightly down and held  up her hand.  "Thank you," said the young man,  "With dignity, "but I do not want help. "  She made no answer to this, but as  he stepped down went forward and unmoored the painter. Then she pushed  gently away from **the ladder, hoisted  the small foresail, and returning to her  companion stood beside him for a moment with lierhaud on the tiller.  "Better make fast the foresheet,"  she said suddenly.  The young man looked helplessly at  -her.���������He���������had���������not-theslightest idea-of  her meaning���������did not, iii fact, know  the differenno between a foresheet aiid  ' a mainsail. And it was just to find out  the depth of his ignorance that she had  spoken.  "Never mind," she said, "I'll do it  myself."  She mado the rope fast and took hold  of the tiller again. Tho sails shook and  filled softly as they glided out from under the wall. Tho soft breezo blew  straight behind them, and the tide was  just beginning to ebb. She slackened  the mainshe'et a littlo, and tho water  hissed as they spun down under tho  gray town toward thoharbor's mouth. .  ��������� A dozen vessels lay at anchor below  the town quay, their lamps showing a  strange orange, yellow in tho moonlight.  Betweeu them the minister saw tho cottages of Ruan glimmering on the eastern shore and above tliem tho coast  guard station, with its flagstaff, a clear  whito upon tho black hillsido. It seom-  - ed to him that they were not shaping  their course for the little town.  "I thought you told mo," he said at  length, "that Mrs. , the dying woman, lived across there. "    -  The girl shook her head. "Not in  Ruan itsel���������Ruan parish. We'll have  to go round the point."  She was leaning back and gazing.  straight before her toward the harbor's  .'-���������mouth.-!*' Tho boat was one of the class  that serve along that coast for hook and  line as well as drift net .fishing, clinker  built, about 27 feet in the keel and  tiine in the beam. It had no deck bo-  fond a small cuddy forward, on top of  Which a light hoar frost was gathering  as they moved. The minister stood beside the girl and withdrew his eyes from  this cuddy roof to contemplate hor.  "Do you mean to say," he asked,  "that you dou't tako cold wearing no  wrap or bonnet on frosty nights like  this?"  She let the tiller go for a moment,  took his hand by the wrist and laid it  on her own bare arm. He felt the flesh,  but it was firm and warm. Then he  withdrew his hand hastily without finding anything to Eay. His eyes avoided  hers. When, after half a minute, he  looked at her again, her gaze was fixed  straight ahead - upon the misty stretch  of sea beyond the harbor's mouth.  In a minute or two they wero sweeping between tho call cliff and the reef  of rooks that guard this entrance on  either side. On tho reef stood a, wooden  cross, painted white, -warning vessels to  give it a wido berth; on tho cliff a gray  castle, with a battery before it, under  tbe guns of which they spun seaward,  gtill with tiie wind astern.  Outsido *ho sea lay as smooth as  within tlio harbor. The wind blow  steadily oil the shore, so that, close  hauled, one might fetch up or down  channel with equal easo. The girl began to flatten thu sails aud asked her  companion to hear a hand. Their hands  met over a ropo, and thu man noted  with surprise that the girl's was feverishly hot. Thou she brought the boat's  noso round to the eastward, and heeling gently over tho dark water thoy began to skirt the misty coast, with tho  breoza on thoir left chocks.  "How much farthor?" asked tho minister.  Sho nodded toward tho first point iu  the direction of Plymouth. Ho turned  his coat collar up about his oars and  Wondered if his duty would often take  him on such journoys as this; also he  felt thankiul that tho soa was smooth.  He might or might not bo given to seasickness, but somehow ho was sincerely  glad that ho had not to bo put to. the  test for the first time in this girl's presence  They passed tho small headland, and  still tho boat held on its way.  "I had no idea you were going to  take me this distance. Didn't you tell  me tho house lay beyond the point  we've just passed?"  To his amazement the girl drew herself up, looked him straight in the faco  and said:  "There's no such place."  "What?"  "There's no such place. There's nobody ill at all.   I told you a lie.''  "You told mo a lie! Then why in  the name of common sense am I hero?"  "Because, young minister���������because,  sir, I'm sick o' love for you, an I want  'eo to marry me."  "Great heaven!" the young minister  muttered, recoiling, "is tho girl mad?"  "Ah, but look at me, sir!"' She seemed to grow still taller as she stood there,  resting one hand on tho tiller and looking at him with perfectly serious eyes.  "Look at me well before your fancy  lights 'pon some other o' tho girls. Tomorrow they'll be all after 'oe, an  this'll be my only chance, for my father's no bettor'n a plain fisherman, an  they're all above me in money an rank;  I be but a common Ruan girl, an my  family is counted for naught. But look  at me well. There's nono stronger nor  coinelier nor that'll love theo so dear."  Tho young man positively gasped.  "Set me ashore at onco, " ho commanded, stamping his foot.  "Nay, that 1 will not till thou promise, an that's fiat. Dear lad, listen���������an  consent, consent���������an I swear to theo  thou'll nov.or be sorry for't. "  "I novcr heard such awful impropriety in my life. Turn back. I order yon  to steer back to the harbor at once!"  She shook her head. "No, lad, I  won't. An, what's more, you don't  know how to handle:'a boat an couldn't  get back..by yoursel', not in a month."  "This is stark madness. You���������you  abandoned -woman, how long do you  mean to keep mo hero?"  "Till thou givo in to me. We'mgoin"  straight t'ward Plymouth now, an if  the wind holds���������as 'twill���������we'll be off  the Rame in two hours. If you haven't  said me yes by that, maybe we'll go  on, or perhaps wo'll run across to the  coast o' Franco"���������  "Girl, do you know that if I'_u,not  back by daybreak I'm ruined?"  "And,c6h, man, man, can't 'ee soo  that I'm ruined, too, if I turn back  without your word? How shall I show  my face in Troy streets again, tell me?"  _ AttWs^ud^leiitran������fer__).ce_..of.respond,  gibility the minister staggered.  "You should have thought of that  before," he said, employing the one obvious answer.  "O' course I thought o' it. But for  love o', you I made up my mind to risk  it. An now there's no goin back." Sho  paused a moment and then added as a  thought struck her, "Why, lad, doesn't  that prove I lovo 'ee uncommon?''  ' 'I prefer not to consider the question.  Once moro, will you go back?"  "I can't." "    .       ������ *  He bit his lips and moved forward to  the cuddy, on the roof of .which ho  seated himself sulkily. The girl tossed  him an end of ropo.  "Dear,* bettor coil that up an sit up-  on't The fro.st'U strike a chill into  'th--."-'  With this she rci'inned her old attitude by tho tillor. Her eyes were fixed  ahead, hor gazo passing just over the  minister's hat. When ho glanced up,  ho saw the rime twinkling on her shoul-  JACOB POVER.      JACOB DOVER.  THE  JEWELLBE  ���������:< ������������������  t>  Christmas Novelties!  a  H  ������  ti  SOLID GOLD,  SOLID SILVER \  and PLA TED GOODS  u  ojf EVERY DESCRIPTION  SUITABLE for XMAS and  NE W YEARS PRESENTS  \  9,  -������-  CALL AND INSPECT. PRICES TO SUIT AIL:      <\  (249) N  ^2**v      __^s, ,___--       --*X,    ..   ���������/V  WE ARE AGENTS FOR  FIRTH'S -  STEEL,  Known Throughout the Whole World  AS THE BEST.  McLennan, McFeely& Co.  LIMITED.  Wholesale  Hardware,   Iron,  Steel, Glass, Paints, Oils,  Stoves and Tinware,  122, CORDOVA   ST.,   VANCOUVER,   B. C.  WRITEFOE QUOTATIONS.  CO., LID.  ���������^WHOLESALE AND RETAIL-  VANCOUVER,   B.   C.  A full stock of Drugs, Patent Medicines, Chemicals and Toilet  .    Articles,  "Wholesale and  Retail.    Goods Right. . Prices  Right.    Prompt attention to all orders.  the McDowell, atkins, watson, co���������  IO AND 12 CORDOVA STREET,  417 HASTINGS.STREET,   " 127  VANCOUVERf   B*   C  SHOOTING SEASON, 1895.  My Pall Goods are now arriving and my  Stock in a few days will be complete.  Every Novelty of the Season, including the  "Lee Metford" Army Rifle, Eley's "Pegamoid" Paper Shells, and the "Winchester  Rifle Model, 1894."  Shot Guns from the factory of ,\V. II. Tis-  dall, W.AV. Greener, J. P. (Jiabtough & Bio  and W. Richards.  'Trappers' Supplies.  Catalogue Just Out.  CHAS. E. TISDALL  ni.it  VANCOUVER.  RIESTERER'S  BREWERY   #  MILL STREET,  NELSON, B. C.  Is now able to supply^the town and district with  a first-class quality of Draught and Bottle  ^BEER  Draught Beer ax 50c. per gallon.  Bottle Beer at $10 per Barrel.  witm'ics ������'.t.\ nt: i.mt ii i_.ii-.Mrs it.tKi.icv.  ���������HA 11,    UI(lli:i.S    rilO.lll'II.V    AiTI__YIII.II   TO.  B. BIESTEBER, Prop.  CARPETS I HOUSE_FURNISHINGS!  SNAPS:  BRUSSELS CARPETS at $1.00 PER YARD.  TAPESTRY - - at 50 Cts. PER YARD.  UNIONS and WOOLS, 50 Cts. to $1.00 PER YARD.  Another lot of those 4 foot Curtain Poles wiih Brass Fixtures complete for 25c.  Blankets and Comforters.   Letter Orders Receive Prompt Attention.  SNAPS:  OPAftUE WINDOW SHADES,  7x3 feet with Spring Holler for 50 Cts.  Lace Curtains, 40 cts. up.  ���������    -     Cheneillc Poriiers, $2.50' up.  Table Linen from 25 cts. per yard to $2.50, with Napkins to match.  A full Line in Sheetings, Pillow Cottons, Etc.  cope & "__roTjr_tsra-,  '<1'C8������  137 Cordova Street, Vancouver.  WlGO^S.,and:  *  *  BOB-SLEIGHS.  BEST CANADIAN MAKES.  -**>        ...  For   Ore, Lumber  and General Purpose.  W"EITE   "FOR   PRICE   LIST   TO  E. G. PRIOR & CO., Ld.  Tlie Cass ell Gold Extracting Co., Limited.  THE McARTH-E-FORREST PKOOESS (Cyanide.)  Parties having rebellious Gold and Silver Ores for treatment and want  ECONOMY combined, with BIG EXTRACTIONS of the precious metals  should send samples for niill'te. ts and further enquiries as to full costsof tieat-  ment-'to the Experimental Works of the Company; addressed  W.   PELLEW-HARVEY,   F.  C.  S.  S"T_r_=E'RI_i������rT__]_sr_D__3_-T,_r:,    .:."���������-���������  "Vr^.__SrGOTJ"V^_B_R_   IB.. O-        ���������.  KAMLOOPS,   _B_   C.  112  Albion Iron Works Oo, Ld.  EJSrGr-Z3_^rE-E_RS.  IRON FOUNDERS, BOILER MAKERS * * *  -   MANUFACTURERS OF "MARINE AND  LAND   ENGINES,   BOILERS.   ETC.,  FISH    CANNING   .AND .MINING  MACHINERY, HYDRAULIC GIANTS,  * *      ��������� " * PIPES   AND SINKING   PUMPS  FOR   MINES  French Ranges, Stoves, Grates, Etc.  sou* .MiKST* ion in-xitv ������. vr������ieiiiiv������.i4tv.s s'itam riiu-s ami iM'iitsoM.*-.  , _,  |to������_K-|������un;i. ������'o?._ sti;.Vji hock ihhi.i.s.  .  No. 6 Chatham and 71 Store Street,  P. 0. DRAWEE 12    -    VICTORIA, B. C.   ��������� ��������� : ���������' - _(���������><).-_)  Uneasy Sleeps the Man Who  . '   Lias Not Got a, Gale.���������Shakespere.  THE BEST MATRASSES in the WORLD  GALE'S  Wire Mattrasses, Over Mattrasses  Pillows, Combination Iron Mattrasses.  -      The above goods can be put ���������,, i��������� very siniln compaRS fol. r).lukin��������� _,., ���������.,���������  b-.obtoined from Messrs. Gale's agents. P-icKinn and can  D.  MCARTHUR & CO. Nelson,  and CAMPBELL   BROS.,   Rossland.  or direct from George" Gale &  Sons, Waterville, Que. ,  Iron and Wood Cot Beds for mining camps a" specialty  Can be made tc weigh under -xz. pounds  ll'" ' ' (lfiO)  '"Jlicrc's noliody ill at all."  ders and the starshine in her dark eyes.  Around them rhe firmament "blazed  With constellations up to its coping.  Never hart the minister seen them so  multitudinous or so resplendent. 'Never  before had heaven seemed so alivo to  him. He could almost hear it breathe.  And beneath it the little boat raced  eastward, with the reef points pattering  on its tan sails.  (Continued on Page _.)-  NELSON  LOTS  A new Railway , under Const-ruction.  '  Buy before the Market rises in the Railway  ; Centre   and  Seat of Government of  West Kootenay.  1 It, Choice Building and Residence Property  REBATE ALLOWED FOR THE ERECTION OF GOOD BUILDINGS -  Also Lots for\Sah in     NAKUSP DAWSON and ROBSON.  Apply for Prices, Maps, etc., to  FRANK FLETCHER  Land CommissionerC. & K. Ky. Co., Xelson, EC. THE MINER SATURDAY, NELSON, B. C, DECEMBER 14, 1895,  l'\  llie Jttfaio:.  THE MINER is printed on Saturdays and  will be mailed to any address in Canada or  the Uni'ed States, for one year on. receipt of  two dollars.    Single copies Five cents.  CONTRAC'I ADVERTISEMENTS inserted at the rate of$3per column inch, per  month.  TRANSIENT ADVERTISEMENTS inserted at the rate of jj cents per nonpareil  line first insert ion, audio cents per line for  each subsequent insertion. Advertisements  running Jor shorter periods than three  >       months are classed transient.  ALL COMMUNICATIONS to the. Editor  must be accompanied by the name and address of the writer.  PRINTING turned out in first-rate style at  the shortest notice.  Address  The Miner Printing a Publishing Co  NELSON.    B.C.  THE HOSPITAL.  The Directors of the Nelson Hospital  nt their last meeting found themselves  face to face with a dilemma that is  common enough unfortunately among  ordinary people, but ought not to be  allowed to happen to a hospital. There  are no funds to meet current expenses  and there are arrears of debt with no  visible income to meet them. Under  these circumstances the Board decided  to close the establishment.  This is so serious a step and such an  unfortunate one i'or the District at  large that we think every cfTort|_l_ouUl  be made to interest tho public in the  matter before j-esort ing to .the last  extremity. = It is not too late to do so  now and we cannot but think that, tin*  public is sufficiently alive to its own  interests to respond to an appeal when  it is made. "  Let us for a moment consider what  will be tho state of al fairs if the hospital is closed. Every man who is hurt  by an accident; or brought low by  sickness, unless he has money in his  pocket will be left to die in his tracks  or will become the recipient of private  charity. Is the spirit of independence  entirely dead among the stalwart  miners of Kootenay'-1 One dollar a  month from each of them would keep  the hospital open. Then they will havo  the comfortable feeling that should  they be laid low themselves they have  purchased the right to be cared for,  and when they see a stricken comrade  carried oil" mangled and bleeding on a  stretcher they will feel all the better  and nobler that their scarcely missed  contributions have prepared a place  where he may be cared lor and lind  ease-from his pain. We feel certain  that if such an appeal is properly put  o the men of "West Kootenay they  will respond to it.  There is another class of persons too,  whose kindly interests may well be  approached abthis crisis. Mine owners,  merchants, bankers, storekeepers,  hotel keepers and dozens of others are  all making their living out of the  working miner, and a very good living  many of them make. But for the miner,  not one of these people would be in  the country. A small yearly contribution from each would only imperceptibly diminish that respectable  balance on the right side of the profit  and loss account, and would add iiu-  mensely Lo that comfortable inward  balance that comes to a man's thoughts  when he has done a good action. The  government itself, we feel sure, if  properly approached will materially  increase its contribution. There is  every -eason why it should do so. Not  only is the population of the district  served by the hospital rapidly increasing, but the revenue'derived:from it by  the Government is increasing at a  still greater rate. Here is a- chance  for our iir.Miib. r to do 'something.  We hope that some endeavor will he  made on these lines to rejuvenate* the  establishment, before finally abandoning it, and in this the Board shall have  every assistance that we can possibly  give them.*  CLAIM JUMPING.  Probably.no more lawless community ever existed than - those on the  earlier placer grounds of California  and Australia. ��������������������������� The wildest and most  desperate men from all parts of the  inhabited globe were there gathered  together, all feverishly intent on one  object, the getting of gold. Both California and Australia in those days were  exceedingly inaccessible and far remote  from any centres of civilization and  the influence of the laws that obtained  iu the countries to which they respectively belonged was absolutely unfelt.  There was no law, except such as the  strongest. man made with his. good  right arm.   .  It soon," however, became apparent  even in those communities, that some  code of law was' absolutely necessary.  - The fundamental principle of all law,  the protection of individual rights by  the community, forced itself into  notice. An unwritten code of rules  gradually formulated ��������� itself. These  rules became as well known as if engrossed on vellum and posted on every  door. They were the expression of  that natural instinct of equity, that  exists in 'every,human breast. Degrees  of criminality were not recognized. -It  was as bad to break one rule as another. The penalties were, therefore,  not graded, nor did they depend on  the condition of a judge's liver. Death,  sudden and certain, was the one penalty, with such alleviation sometimes  as lay in the choice between rope or  pistol. If any one offence was deemed  blacker than another, the blackest was  claim jumping.  From these unwritten natural rules  have arisen all the complicated mining  codes of the world. Continually altered, amended, rescinded, or consolidated to suit the differences of soil "or  climate or the exigencies of some  powerful wire pulling speculator, they  exist today al. once as a protection to  mining investments and a cover for a  lot of ingenious swindling.  They differ in one great essential  from their originals. Modern mining  codes lead suitors into civil courts.  Their ancient rudiments wen; altogether criminal.  The laws of today with every intention of combining liberality and simplicity, have been so often changed  that the. latter quality has been lost  sight of. There are no penalties in  the strict sense of the word under  them, but retribution follows dis  obedience in the forfeiture of all  rights.  Seeing that these modern laws are  civil we have to look to the criminal  side to find the fate of the claim  jumper and we look in vain among  the statutes. He must be fouud now,  if found at all, among the common  law ranks of ordinary thieves, swindlers and blackmailers. Strictly  speaking according to the letter of the  law no claim can be jumped, if its  owners have complied with all the  requirements of that law, and it is no  legal ciime to relocate a property that  has become vacant by its recent  owners failure to carry out these  regulations. But it is in the interpretation of this "failure" to carry out  the provisions of the law that the  trouble conies in. There is all the difference in the world between careless  neglect* and innocent error, and it is  not usually a difficult matter to decide  which ofthe two it is.  Legislation may remedy the evil, and  we shall gladly welcome any motion  in Parliament that may appear to be  based on common sense. But every  session new laws are made against  picking or stealing of every kind, yet  thieves still break through and steal.  In fact a new law has only to be made  in order to at once create a new crime  or a new criminal.  ��������� The main difficulty lies in proving  that the claim jumper is a blackmailer,  and anything that may be done to  facilitate this will be appreciated.  .-/ BROAD  VIEW.  Every rail that is spiked down to a  tie in this country seems to be another  link in the cable thatsecurely anchors  Nelson as the capital of Kootenay. Did  only waterways exist, then thecountry  would demand two capitals ; one in the  valley of the Columbia, the other in  the basin that holds Kootenay Lake.  The natural wealth that lies in the latter is so diversified and universal thails capital would soon become the  greater. Nelson, the Slocan, Ainsworth, the Blue Bell and all the more  or less developed properties of. the  Duncan, Lardeau, White Grouse  Mountain, Crawford Creek, Goat  River, would pour their wealth into  its lap, while others that unlike these  are not situate on navigable water  must contribute their share or starve.  Tl-_"Coli*"Ti-bi._capitaTw^^  Creek and Cariboo Creek. The first  possibly enough in itself, the latter as  yet undeveloped. Behind the curtain  of the future no one may peer, but for  every new strike on theColumbiathere  have been so far half a dozen in the  Kootenay. Within the basin of the  Kootenay are found all the combinations of ore requisite for smelting  purposes. The Trail Creek ores require  others from a distance. The building  of railways has not, altered these conditions, if, has intensified them.  To people who may be intending to  enter into business in this country  these facts are worth remembering,  and the more they look into details the  more they will confirm what is told  them by the broader view, namely that  Nelson is Kootenay's natural  capital.  NOTES AND COS-MOTS. "  "Statute" in the Province, waxes  exceedingly wroth over an-article of  ours which he describes as-being under  the heading '.'Confounded Impudence."  ."Statute" is presumably a man of Lhe  law and should as such be most careful in drawing tip his indictment and  not allow his feelings to get the better  of his accuracy. No doubt he thought  it was "Confounded" impudence on  our part to attack the sacred brotherhood, but what we wrote was "unbounded'' which is different. "Statute"  denies that the resolution on which  our article was based was ever passed  and calls on us to apologize for our remarks to the lawyers of the Coast.  Now we have no means of ascertaining  the source of "Statute's" information,  but the carelessness he has displayed in  bungling the heading Jof our article  does not lead us to place much reliance  on him. After all it does not matter.  The hard things we had to say were  based on the report, which reached us  from an excellent source, to the effect  that'the lawyers of the Coast were laying their heads together to drag all the  up-country mining cases to the Coast-  in order to save my fine gentlemen the  trouble of taking a journey into "the  far Kootenay. Now if that report was  absolutely without foundation, the  whole matter falls to the ground But,  if on the other hand, some .such conspiracy did exist, not only do we refuse  to take back anything we said, but as  promised, we shall have a good deal  more to* say that will make the biggest  big wigs of them all wag theirold heads  and lament the extremely outspoken  independence and "confounded impudence" of these up-country papers.  MIXING. A������K\TS.  M. J. M. K  M.I.M. &.M.  R.C. CAMPBELL-JOHNSTON  MlMXi I'NI'INEKK,  MET.-LXIJIMUST  AM)  ASSAYER,  638 GRANVILLE ST ,  VAJSTCOTJVEB'      =       B- C.  J. H. BROWNLEE  MINING BROKER.  8fi  .VICTORIA. B. C,  T.    H.    CALL AND  -II.N'IM'  ICKOKEK mid  HEAL ESTATE AliKIST.  521 Hastings Street, VANCOUVER, B. 0.  I'orn.spou'leiicc Sollcili-1.        124  W. A. JOWETT  MINING & REAL ESTATE BROKER  INSURANCE mill  COMMISSION AUENT.  VICTORIA ST.. NELSON. B. O.  'it*  W.PELLEWHARVEY.F.C.S.  [Menil*. N. Kiik. Inst., M. & M. E.)  :vancoitvee,   _3_ cx  A.s.snys, Mill -cstm.11.1l Aiuilys-K.  .<���������iiinilile.ilrniiti.il rnmi  1 itmiiiil lo I loirin welghl.  For particulars apply to K. A. POWYS & CO.,  Local Akcius, who will receive samples   (182)  w. f. Mcculloch,  (Liiti: Anj.ii.vcr In ITnviiif.liil I'ovcrninciit.)  ASSAY    OFFICE-  NELSON  B. C.  (193)  E. A. POWYS & CO.  -srELSoisr. b. a.  Miiiing Agents and Sharebrokers,  Insurance, Real Estate, Commission  and Mining Machinery Agents.  A Register kept with full particulars o������ Claims.  SALES NEGOTIATED.  mahon, McFarland &  MAHON,  L'D.  ItltOKKKS.  ���������I  Mining and Sharebrokers  Agents for Mining Machinery.  .Dealers in  Mining and Industrial Stocks   and Shares  HE A l   ESTATE   AN'H    LOANS.  Mahon, McFarland &  Mahon, L'd.  VANCOUVER.  (167)  CHARLES S. RASHDALL,  T WI ining B rokerT"  Conveyances,      Deeds,     and  Mining Abstracts.  Complete listsofexistingMininglocation.  NEW DENVEB, B. O.  Ceperley,  Loewen & Campbell,  VANCOUVER,  An; rri'imi'i'il lo liih'oilii<.<.|Miiiiii|_. I'roi.o.si-  lioiis I'rom I lie Koolenay lo  ENGLISH AND  EASTERN CAPITALISTS  To handle REAL ESTATE in the new-  towns and otherwise act in the interests of owners in the B. C. Mining  Centres.  ��������� The above is the Only. Firm on the  Coast doing Fire Insurance ,'Business  and. having Agents in the Towns of  Kootenay. '" [166)  THE DIPLOCK  I  LIlI'-niTIEX.-   WHOLESALE���������  VANCOUVER,  B. C.  ��������� SOLE AGENTS FOR -  Brinsinead & Nordheimer Pianos.  Dkon, Borgeson & Co.'s Show Cases.  Self Opening Bags, Wrapping Paper and  Twine. 125  READY TO WEAR  CLOTHING.  A Large Consignment  of the Finest Serge and Tweed  Suits in the Market Just Passed Into Stock-.  Novelties in Neckwear.  THE LATEST DEASIN FOOTWEAR.  AN "UP-TO-DATE" STOCK OF  DRYGOODS.  A. T. GARLAin),- BAKER STREET.  Columbus Clocks       -       Electric Clocks  China Boudoir Clocks, Mantel Clocks  and Alarm Clocks, all of the  BEST AMEBICAN HAKE AND LOWEST PEICES.  __RB_=-___I___.ID_SrG-   -A.   SPECIALTY.  CHAS. JISZKOWICZ, Watchmaker  and Jeweller  QUICKSILVER.  We have "been appointed Sole Agents for the sale of  Quicksilver manutactxired by the  CINNABAR  MINING CO.  Op Savonas, B. C  Lowest Market Prices on Application.  Thos.Dunn ������ Co., Ltd.,  ���������v-__-3sroo"_r*v"Bi*i, _3_ o.     .is-i  CUMIMHAM  -&  HlNTON,  44  GOVEBNNENT ST., VICTORIA  CONSTRUCTING   ELECTRICIANS,  Contractors for and .Dealers in Motors, Dynamos,1  Electric   Mining c Machinery   and   Electric   Supplies  Send for Photos and Specifications  of  Electric Log    Hauling  Machines  FOB  SCHLITZ MILWAUKEE  and VICTORIA LAGER BEER  Go to the  Hudson's Bay Company,  BAKER STREET, NELSON.  MR. SMITH ���������% CO.  Biscuit Manufacturers.  "W^-RITZE   :fo:r.  peice   list  VICTORIA        -        B. C. '���������>  P. O. box G9.  Telephone  EDWARD APPLEWHAITE * CO.  SIMPSON? CO.  DEALERS IN  Groceries, Feed, Farm  Produce, Butter, Cheese,  Eggs and Poultry.  Special Attention is Dii.kc.tki) to  A  Ii.-Kfil. SHIPMENT Ol*  Shillings' Coffees and Teas,  Which Is Due Here  it  TUESDAY,  OCT.  29th."  _N"-Bi__so_rsr. _b. o.  (52) SIYH'SO.V.V t'���������������  Proprietor*.  BRANCH   HOUSE.  H. M. HERRIN & CO.  COM MINION M KUCHA .SI'S  DEALERS IN  CAMt'Olt.M.. A.M������ WASIIIXUTO  FItnTS .t.M������ YEliKTAItl.K-  IIIT--.lt,    M'l'S   AM>   1'OII.TKY,  HAY. I'lUIX, I MMIItiiiKl .HIM. FKKII.  NELSON  (229)  B  C  OYSTERS!  IN ALL  STYLES  AT T. BOOTH'S  TROPICAL  - FETJIT   S_.0_=-___1,  BAKER STREET NELSON.  A  l.i.i-ijc Sloek ol" 1*1 pes mill Ciuur*.  Page Ponsford Bros.  Ilnsliiii!*' Sired, Vancouver. IS. _.  DIBUCT IMPORTERS OF ALL HIGH-  CLASS ENGLISH MEN'S  FURNISHINGS  Such as Christy's Hats, Dents  & Fowne'sGlove's, Dr. Jaegers  Gartwright & Warner's Underwear, Scotch Rugs, Flannel,  Matting and Crepe Shirt  Trousers, etc., etc.  WAH OICI>KltS l-KOni'TU'ATTFADKUTO.  S, S, Alberta  IjKAVK KASLO for Ainsworth, Pilot Buy and  Nelson Monday, Wednesday and Saturday  (it 8 a. m.: Tuesdays. Thursday and -Fridays  at" a. in.  LKAVK NKLSON for Pilot Hoy"; "Ainsworth  and Kaslo Monday, Wednesday   J'hursday  and Saturday at 3 p. m.: Tuesday- and Friday all p.m.       - ,_  Close connection is Urns made between Lake  points and all outgoing and incoming trains of  the C. I'. It. at Nelson.  The steamer is newly equipped i<> every par  tlcular, is lit throughout by  electricity, and  contains bathroom und all modern conveniences  for the comfort of pas<eni*_rs.  '-' The above schedule is in e/l'eet lOtli May,  ISO/i subject to change.  JAS. WA UGH GKO. I-*.'HAY WARD    ' *  Purser, llll Master'  The Surveyor's Chain Made it  'SHORTEST  Transcontinental .Route.  S.E. corner Baker and Josephine streets,  NELSON, 33. C.  I  FINANCIAL AND  "INSURANCE AGENTS  REAL ESTATE,  Loans negotiated on Nelson property.   Collections made.   Conveyancing documents drawn up.  Town Lots Lands and Mining Claims Handled on Commission.  It i- Hie  *>l<������.l .Mu-lfi-u In Kifiili m.  j     II I- lhe llcavic.l Kailnl Mm-.  j     II Im* ii Ilix-k-IEallatt Itnaillxil,  [     II Cr.ixM-s No Sanil Ih'wrls.  P    II   wu������   Ullill     *)Villi<>i9l     l.aml   Ci-ant   iil-  j f'nvrrnuK'iil .till.''  I     II i������N������li'<l I'or the CiiiiMi*������.y of its l_ni|>Ioyes  j     II i> Un'. Only   1,1 in- Serving McalMin llie  I a la I'ai-lc Plan,  LENZ & LEISER  9 and 11 Yates Street, Victoria.  -���������WHOLESALE ���������>  Through, the  In. America hy  Daylight.  DRY GOODS  li    ~   - ��������� "  (������lotbtng, (Rents' jf uinisbinos, )������tc.  ___���������  -  We carry ths largest stock in these lines west of Montreal and are-therefore able to compete with any House in the Trade. u9  Attractive Tours (luring Season of  Navigation on (>i-eat Lakes via Duluth  in connection with Magnificent Pas-  seng������r Steamers -Northwest and Northland.  \   I'"or maps, tickets and complete.information call on or address K. & S.  Hy.. N. & F. S. Ry., C. K. S. N. Co..  Agents, or-  v. a. imao.v <:-*iutiii .4sc������t.  S|iokun������. Wash. -  r. i. *������viiit.m:v, ������. P. A T. A..  St. Paul, MLnu. THE  MINER, NELSON,   B.C.,  SATURDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1895.  Once Aloirl tlie Umi  (Continued from  Page 2.)  A star shot down from the Milky  Way and disappeared in darkness behind tho girl's shoulder. His eyes, following it, encountered 'hers. She left  the tiller and came slowly forward.  "In three minutes wo'll open Plymouth sound, "she said quiotly, and then.  With a sharp gesture, thing both arms  out toward him. "Oh, lad, think better  o't an turn back wi' me. Say you'll  marry mo, for I'm perishin o' lovo. "  The 'moonshine .foil on hor throat and  'extended anus. Her lips wore parted,  her hoad was thrown back a littlo, and  for thc first timo tho young minister  saw that sho was a beautiful woman.  "Aye, look, look at me!" sho plead.:!.  "That's what I'vo wanted 'ee to do all  along. Take my hands. They'm shapely to look at and strong to work for 'ee. "  Hardly knowing what ho did, tho  young man took them. Then in a moment he let them go, but too late. They  wore about his.neck.  With that ho sealed his fato for good  or ill. Ho bent forward a littlo, and  their lips met.  So steady was tho wind that tho boat  still hold on her course, but no sooner  had the girl received tho kiss that sho  knew to be a binding promise than she  dropped her arms, walked off and shifted the helm.  "Unfasten the sheet hero," she commanded, "and duck your head clear o'  the boom."  As soon as their faces were set for  homo the minister walked back to the  cuddy roof and sat down to reflect. Not  a word was spoken till thoy reached  the harbor's mouth again, and then he  pulled out his watch. It was half past  4 in the morning.  Outside the battery point tlie girl  hauled down the sails and got out the  sweeps, and together they pulled up  under the still sleeping town to tho  minister's quay door. He was clumsy  at this work, bnt she instructed him in  .. whispers, and they managed to reach  the ladder as the clocks were striking.  Tho tide was far down by this timo,  and sho held the boat close to the ladder while he prepared to climb. With  bis foot on the first round ho turned.  She was white as a ghost and trembling  from top to toe.  "Nance���������did you say your name was  Nance?"  She nodded.  "What's thema_ter?"  "1*11���������I'll lot you off if you want to  be let off."  "I'm not suro that I do, "ho said,  and stealing softly up the ladder stood  at the top and watched her boat as siie  Bteered it back to Ruan.  Three months after they were married, to the indignant amazement ofthe  minister's congregation. It almost cost  him his pulpit, but he held on and triumphed. Thero is no reason to believe  that he ever repeated of his choice, or  rather of Nance's. To be suro, she had  kidnaped him by a lie, but perhaps she  bad.wiped it out by 60 years of honost  affection. On that point, however, I,  ���������who tell the tale, will not dogmatize.  THE END.  WHOLESALE  LIQUORS and  DRY GOODS.  !l  Notice of Application for Crown Grant  rpAKE Notice that A. S. Farwell, as Agent  L   tor S. M. Wharton and Oliver Bordau has  tiled tho necessary papers, and made application  for a Crown Grant in favour of the Mineral  Claim" Honicstrtkc,"situatedin tlie Trail Creek  -lining Division of West Kootenay District.   *  Adverse Claimants, if any, must file their object ions within sixty days from the date of this  publication in the British Columbia Gazette.  X. FITZSTUBBS,  Gov't Agent.  Nelson, B. C. Nov. 13, 1895.  '      (237���������10,11,5)  Hi  ntoTic  Victoria, B, 0.,  and London, Eng.  KOOTENAY BRANCH:  NELSON, B.C.  SOLE AGlSlr B. C.  FOR : KOBE-IT   BROWN'S  . Crowi Scotch Wiiisiey,  Ore Bags in Stock-  WEB, BEETON k CO.  Notice of Application for Crown Grant.  rpAI-K Notice that T. .1. Lcndruin, as  -L Agent lor Alfred W. .McCune, has  tiled the necessary papers and mndo application for a Crown Grantin favour of tlio mineral  claim "Perhaps," situated in the Ainsworth  Mining Division of West Koolenay District.  Adverse claimants, if any,must file their objections with mo within GO days from the date  of-this publication in tlio Hritisli Columbia  Gazette.  N. FITZSTUBBS,  Government Agent,  Dated Nelson B. C��������� Nov. S, 1S.������5.  (2.'������.'J. 11,5)  MORTHERN  IN     PACIFIC R, R.  *  k*.  T  CS-O TO  THE BON TON  IFO-..: _--_--_ilS___:  EASTERN OYSTERS  IN ANY STYLE.  Open from 1 p. m. to 6 am  _V_ISS  Notice of Application for Crown (jrimt.  1AKK NOTICK (hat John ll. Cook,  _ acting for himself and co-owners, has  tiled the necessary papersa d made application  for a Crown Grant in favour of the mineral  claim "Consolidated St. Elmo" situated on Hen  Mountain in tho Trail Creek Alining Division  of West Kootenay.  Adverse claimants, if any, must tile their  objections willi mo within (iO days from llie  date of this publication in the British Columbia  Gazette.  N.  FITZSTUBUS.  0 Government Agent.  Dated at Nelson, Oct. 23, 1S!)5. [2-0--(i,10,.iJ  Notice of Application for Crown Grant.  rp AKE Notice tliat Edmond Haney has tiled  JL the necessary papers and made application for a Crown Grantin favour of llie mineral  claim "City of Spokane" situated in tlie Trait  Creek Mining Division of the District of A\ est  Kootenay.  Adverse claimants, if any, must file their  objections with' mc within l>0 days from tlie  date of this publication in the British Columbia  Gazette.  N. FITZSTUBBS,  Government Agent.  Dated Nelson, Oct. 28, 1S������J5. 12-1-2,11,.-)]  -:5->K-->  <;i:ict__fu:.-ti.s    or   imi-uovkmkkt.  |Nelson Drug Store,!  1      WEST BAKER ST., NELSON.       ]  n^nO_R_B   3_\T_E3"W-   GOODS.  SUITS  R  U  N  S  Pullman  Sleeping Cars,  Elegant  Dining Cars,  Tourist  Sleeping Cars.  TO  'ST. -\w;i_  MIV\I...IM)__.IS  IMIMITII  t'.lltl'O  <'K.t.\l>     lOKKS  ������:i:ook.st<������_\  mivmi'm;  i:ik\a iiml  Mil l'K  THROUGH   TICKETS  -TO-  SE-rtG-ES,  CHEVOITS,  J.  M. R   MINERAL CLAIM.  _V_-   _V-_.    DtTITF'-r,  -*icoriu-.-ici>s.  NOTICE.  ^VrOTIC'E' ISHEREBY GiyKN THAT AT  ���������-13.,; ��������� the next session ;ot the Parliament of  Canada application will be made by the Nelson  and. Fort .Sheppard,Rail way.Company for an  Act authorizing the said Company.to construct,  ���������'-quip,..work'; and maintain a telegraph-line and  telephone lilies'.: along. the whole length of its  railway and,branches, and J,o establish otlices  for the transmission of messages for..! he public  and collect tolls for, so doing and generally do a  commercial business.as a telegraph or������������������.: telephone Company and,;'for'"the purposesof erect  ing aiid working such telegraph and .telephone  ..lines.th-..Company.may. enter into ;a contract  with any other Company 'or'���������'ma}" lease any of  the Company.-, lines or any portions, thereof.  '".,��������� v������������������,. ��������� BODAVEl.L & HIVING.;*  ��������� ���������"!, . ,:    -'Victoria, B. .0.. ;.      ;���������'/,  Solicitors for-Applicants.  ,.. Victoria, B. C.,;Nov.;lSUi,'1S!������5,;; ".���������������������������������������������    '   (2l<i):;:  SITUATE IN TUB  NELSON   M-SING DIVISION OF  "Wkst Kootenay Distbiot.   Whehe Lo-  ���������'catkd���������Toad Mountain,  'PAKE NOTICE tliut I, Henry E. Croasdaile,  ______    as agent for the Hall Mines Limited, free  minor's certificate No. 01073, intend, sixty days  from ihe date hereof, to apply to the Gold  Commissioner for a certilicate of improtc-  iiienls, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claim.  And further take notice, tliat adverseclainis  must be sent to the Gobi Commissioner and  action commenced, before the issuance of such  Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 2nd day of October, 1895.  (21G-23, 11. o)        HENRY  E. CHOASDAILE.  JIM FAIR MI-JEUAL CLAIM.  rpAKE   NOTICE  JL    as agent for E.  P������**t M Fuel.  In Denmark, where thore is no great  supply of peat, it is chiefly used by the  peasants as fuel or as bedding in the  dairy farms. In Sweden, on the contrary, there are bogs extending for hundreds of square miles, and of late years  over 600,000 acres of the moorland have  been brought under the plow. Tho peat  is prepared as fuel and largely consumed in making iron, glass or brick, either alone.or mixed with -coal and fir  eones. In southern Sweden there are  factories solely engaged in manufacturing peat fuel for salo, as its use is stead-  ���������ily-inoreasing,- and- some -80,-000-tons-a-  year are employed in metallurgical operations.  In southern and central Sweden there  "are some 20 factories for preparing peat  litter and mold, .each factory turning  out from 15,000 to 80,000 bales a year*,'  fetching about 2 shillings apiece. The  mold is used for gardening in Sweden,  while stuffing for mattresses or furni-.  ture, and surgical bandages are made  from the white moss of the moors. In  France the peat is "molded iuto "briquettes" witli tar and rosin, teased into  litWr or woven into fabrics, which aro .  used in the army, its barracks and hospitals as blankets, mattresses and sad-  dlo cloths, or for stuffing coffer dams  and certain parts of machinery.���������Nineteenth Century.  MINING   MACHINERY  FOR SALE.  situate jn thk slogan "mixing division of  West Kootenav Distuict. WhkiiE Located���������At thk Confluence of the  ���������Dardanelles and Best Creeks.  tliat    I,  John   O'Rcgan,  ��������� _. 11. Tomliiison. No. .*.,Wi.'',  intend, U0 days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Gold Commissioner for a certilicate of improvements, for tlie purpose of  obtaining a Crown giant of the above claim.  And further take notice, tliat adverse claims  must be sent to the Gold Commissioner und action commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this 7th day of October, 1895.  (221, 12, 10 5) JOHN O'RKGAN.  i r^r } PANTS  The Finest Goods and the Latest Styles.  A Special Line of Boys' Clothing.  S_P_E3CI^__-I-i  TO THE  TIRADE.  We hold the largest stock of Cigars in town. Our own  brands���������'-La Progression" and "Pride of the West"���������are  splendid value.    Call and Inspect.  GILKER & WELLS, NELSON AND PILOT BAY.   ���������'  I'lllf.U'O  tV.l.SIIIXIilO.V  l-||ll,.tlH'M*IIIA  Jil'tV VOKK  I'OSTOV anil all  I'oinls l.a.sl,  Wesi ami Soulli.  *  SPECIAL FOR  30 DAYS  I dfMl%l.1M!l>UMAl*->-  JOHN   W. MACKEY MINERAL CLAIM,  Two new English Portable Engines,  8 and 12 horsepower, wood burners.  One Stationary Engine and Boiler.  One Engine and   Boiler   for Steam  Launch.  Galvanized   Tanks,   Mining   Tools,  Steel, Iron,  etc.  Delivered at Victoria on wharf.  Apply to HEISTERMAN & CO.,  7n Government St.,  Opp Bank of Montreal.    Victoria, B.C,  (179)  SALEOP'  Valuable Freehold Property.  U  NDER AND BY VIRTUE OF THE  ^ powers contained in a certain mortgage,  which will be produced at the time of sale,  there will bo offered for sale by lJublic Auction  by Charles A. Waterman & Co., at their salerooms, Bealey Block, Baker Street, Nelson, II.  C��������� on  MOMMY, Hi-;*With ll.tl of IU.4F.MICi:u.  A. D.,  1-9.3. at the hour of 11 o'clock in  lhe  irenoon, the following pi  Lot Numbered ."��������� Hive) in  forenoon, the following property:  ^  Block Numbered  (two) af the Government Townsite of Nelson,  in West Kootenay District. Province of British  Columbia, according to thc ollicial plan or  survey thereof.  .  The properly will be sold on terms subject to  a reserve Did.  For further particulars apply to -  .1. II. BOWKS,  Solicitor.  Nelson, H. C.  Thursdav.-I.'th day of December, A. 1). 1S95.  (253.  Situate in* the Slocan* Mining Division ov  West Kootenay Distkict. Wheke Lo  cated���������to the west of the best claim.  **rAKE NOTICE that I, John O'Rcgan,  J. as agent for K. li. Tomlinson, No. 5-U(i3,  intend, (iO days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Gold Commissioner for a certificate of improvements, for, the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further lane notice, that adverse claims  must be sent to the Gold Commissioner and  action commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvement-.  Dated this Ttli'cluy of October, 1895.  (225. 12 10 5) JOHN O'REGAN.  SUITS, TWEED, FEOM $27.00 UP. .  For. information, iimerdrds, maps and     . , _ >:,  .    call'on or write ���������'   Y ���������'.������������������   '���������'���������'���������������������������������������������'���������-.'.���������  ,   ������������������; :YYY-   hYg. stimmel,  >., T. P. Agcnt,Nelscn, AaC.  :        ' ;':.'    F.,p.  GIBBS,    ���������  .   General Agent, Spokane,Wash.;  ������"������������������.���������-��������� '.;���������������������������;���������:. V"  ':.-/* IX  CHARLTON,: y  Asst. GenL Pass. Agent, Portland? Oregon.  Spokane  Fails tic  SUITS, FANCY WORSTED, $35.00 UP  TROUSERS FROM $6.50 TTP~^~-  A LINE OF ENGLISH WHIPCORElia  USUAL PRICE $13.   OVERCOATS IN  PROPORTION.  1-  SUNSET MINERAL CLAIM.  Situate in the Ainswokth Mining Division  ������������������OK-WE_'r-*Koo-ENA-���������District." Wheke  Locatep���������To the East ano Joining the  Wellington Claim.  '"PAKE NOTICE that I, R. E. Lemon, No.  4- G0111, for myself and as agent for Duncan  McDonald, No. otiSSt), intend ISO days from the  date hereof to apply to the Gold Commissioner  for a certificate of. improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grunt of the above  claim.  And further take notice, that adverse claims  must be sent to the Gold Conmiissidnei and  action commenced beforo the issuance of such  Certificate of improvements.  Dated this 17tli day of October, 3895.  232  26.10.5] ROBERT E. LEMON.  FRED J. SQUIRE, Merchant Tailor.  COR. BAKER AND WARD STREETS. <Jo  CANADIAN PACIFIC BAIL WAT  _A._-3"__.   SOO .PACIFIC , boute:  it.  Northern R'y.  Nelson  &  Fort  Sheppard R'y.  All Ball to Sudani, Wi.  Daily (Except Sunday) Between Spokane  and Northport.  Tri-Weekly Between'Northport and Nelson.  Leave 812 a.m. NELSON Arrive 525. p. m.  Traius leave Nelsou Tor .pokauc every  Monday, Wednesday a'ud Piuday, returning leave Spokane Tuesdays, Thursdays  and tiATUiiDAYS at 7 a. m., and making  close couuectiou by S.S. Kelson with all  Kooteuay Lake point-. ,  Passengers for Kettle Kiver aud Boundary Creek, connectatMarous with stage on  -ioudayp, Wednesdays, Thursdays a_d  Fridays.  " Passengers for Trail Creek mines con-  no .t at .Northport with sta^e Daily.  !ili!  0  .Notice of Application for Crown Grant-  rp.Wvl. NOTICK that A.... Farwell. us agent  1_ for (,'eorgo lliirinmi and Wilbur *  Hendryx, has tiled the necessary jiapers mm  made application for a Crown Gran I in favour  of the mineral claim "Henry," iii the 'Hendryx  -���������amp in the Ainsworlh Jlinint; Division  West l-oolenay District.  Adverse claimants (if any) must 111. their objections within IK) days from the dale  of the first appearance of this i otiee in lhe  Itritish Columbia Gazette.  N KITZSTUUBS.  GovernmentAgent.  Nelson. B. C;, Nov. 19,-1895.       (-11; 13-ll-a,) .  Hunting, Survey, Prospecting  PARTIES AND  OTHERS   THK   NEW.    FAST :   STEAM LAUNCH "FLIRT"  .Cau'be CHARTERED by day or week  ou reasonable -. terms. Olden-, sent  trough the pursers of the steamboats  Nelson or Ainsworlh, with whom arrangements can be mado, or by mail or  telegraph to C. AV. Busk, Balfour, will  receive prompt attention (19)  JOHN  HIRSCH,  Provincial Land Surveyor.  Okkjce:  AND   ROSSLAND, B   C.  WHOLESOME  NELSON  "     140  12 Ounce  Can   Sold lor  L_5   Con Is.  J.arKfs* Iteiiiaml   in   <������aii:Hl  . S.) E. DEWDNKY,  CANADA, '  IMCOVI.VCE OK BltlTISH  COIAJStUIA.  VICTORIA, by lhe Ci rime of God, ofthe United  Jviiifdom  of  Great  Hritahi and Ireland,  Quekn, Defender of the Faith, etc.', etc."  To Our faithful the members 'elected to serve  in tlie Legislative Assembly of Oar Province; of British Columbia at Our City of  Victoria���������Uheeting.  A   l-ROCLAMATfON.  M. Eberts, "I \I7HKUBAS  "We are  Attorney-General./ ������V desirous and resolved as soon as may be, lo meet Our people  of Our. Province of British Columbia, and to  have their advice in Our Legislature :  NOW KNOW YE, tliat for divers causes  and considerations, and taking into consideration the ease and. convenience of oiir lovirifr  subjects. We have tliousnt fit, by and with the  advice of Our Executive Council of the  Province of Hritisli Columbia, to hereby convoke, and by these presents enjoin you, and  each of you, that on Thursday, the Twenty-  third day of the month of January, one  thousand ci^ht hundred and ninety-six, you  meet lis in Our said Legislature or Parliament  of Our said Province.-at Oiir.' Citv of Victoria,  FOll THE DISPATCH OF BUSINESS, to  treat, do, act and conclude upon those things  which in our Legislature of tlie Province of  British Columbia' by the Common Council of  Our said Province may, by lhe favour of God,  be ordained.  In Testimony "Wiiei-eof. we have caused  '' these uur Letters to be made Patent, and  the Great Seal of the said Province to be  hereunto allixed: Witness, the Honourable ...Edgar. Dewdsbv,��������� Lieutenant-  . Governor of Our said Province of British  Columbia, in Our City of Victoria, in Our  said Province, thi, fifth day of December,  in tlie year of Our Lord one thousand  eight hundred and ninety-five, and in the  lifty-ninth year of Our Keif-n.  By Command,  JAMES BAKER,  St. Paul, Chicago, Toronto, Montreal,  St. Louis, Kansas City, Buffalo. New York.  _RJ__.T_EJS TJE]--_^0"Vs7--E]S-r.  Greatest Variety of Hois, Rail nit Steamers,  v.r       -  ��������� .   Leaves   N**lson   Tuesdays" and   Fridays   al.   11.30  o'clock,    making   close  connections witli Ti'iiuscotitiiiL'ntiil trains at Rovel.-'toko.  Before buying ticket elsewhere -set* or write nt'.'m'Sl agent."  J. HAMILTON, H. J_. MACI'ONELL, GEO. *McJ_ LROWN,  AKcnt. Nelson,        Tr.iv. Fixt. .uid Pas    As;.., Nelson.       Dist. Pi'-ss. _._!.. Vancnm-i-i-  .o ' '  COLUMBIA  &  STEAM   NA"V    OO.  (LIMITED) '"  TIME CARD No. 8.  Ill Kn*ci:l .YIimmIii.v, X'ov. II, IS!).",.  ia:VEI.-������'-4'KK   ItOITi:   .*������t<iiMi������l- VXukiiKlt"  Leaves Wigwam for Nakusp nnd ltobson  Jloiulay.-*and Ihursdays at 7 p. m.  Loaves Hobson 'for Nakusp, Wigwam and  Canadian Pacitlc Railway points on'tuesdnys  und Kridiiys at (i p. mf "��������� \      '       '  Connection is made'at ltobson. with C. Si K,  Ry. for _Mson "an'da_with Str."'"Lytton'-'-for  i rail Creck-and Northporl. ...  NOTICE.  In tlie County Court of Kootenny, Holden ot  at the East Crossing of thc Columbia Kiver.  In the matter of John D. McMillan; Deceased,  and in the.matter of the'Oflieial Admin-  trator's Act; dated the. 22nd Day of  October. A'. D. 18M:"'  Upon reading the aflidavits of Roborr McDonald, John D. Moore and. John MePhee,  it is ordered that James Ferguson Armstrong,  Oflieial .Administrator for the County. Court,  District' of Kootenay, shall be Administrator  of all and singular the goods,- chattels and  credits of John D McMillan. Deceased.  And that this order be published for sixt-3"  days in the NelsonMiNEK newst aper.  US.tilt < IC!.i:ii.KOIt.SO\   ItOI IK.  Steamer "L.ylloii."  Leaves Trail Creek for Robson on Tuesday.  niid l'rida.\ s at 10 a. ill. .    .,    *  Leaves Robson fur 'I rail Creek on Tuesdays  and Fridays al 1 I>. Ui., eomii.ets at ltobson  with Sir. "Naku^ii'' for Nnku-p and Revelstoke and with C. & IC liy. lor. Nel^iai and  LaUe points.  (Signed)      WM. WARD SPINKS.  J.  (213.) j     (2.-.1J  Provincial Secretary.  The creditors of John D. McMillan, late of  Kaslo city, in the District of Kootenay. Free  Miner. Deceased, are required within sixty  days of this date to forward by registered letter addressed to James Ferguson Armstrong.  Ofilcial Administrator, Donald, It. C full particulars of their claims and the securities (if  any) held by theni. After the expiration of the  said sixty days the said administrator will  proceed with the distribution of thesaid estate,  having regard to those claims only of which he  shall have had notice.  Dated at Donald, B. "C, this 2nd day of  November, 1895.  J.F.ARMSTRONG.  (242, 23, 11, 5) " Official Administrator.  ALL PLACER CLAIMS AND MLNING  Leaseholds legally hold in the District  may he laid over from 15th October, lS'Jj, to the  1st June, 1890.  NAPOLEON FITZSTUBBS,  -  \- ,        ��������� _-   ^- Gol<l Commissioner.  Nelson, B. C. Nov. 23. ISUU. (245)  $20  REWARD   $20  LOST-  The following Certificates of Shares  in The Hall -Mines, L'd. : ���������  Number  B SH,   Charles   Hall,   2.'IG51-23753  100 shares.  Number  B- 7S1.   Charles  Hall,  18354-18S53,  500 shares.  Number U SS9. Olive   Ii. Oakes, G0051-C0153  100 shares.  Number B -30, Olive B.   Oakes, G015i-C02o3  1U0 shares.  Number  B (>S7,   Amelia "White,   10251.03_i3  100 shares.  Number B- 6S8,  Amelia AVhite. 10351-10153  , 100 shares.  | The transfer of these shares has been stopped  I at the Company's oflice in Londou and they  , are consequently useless to any one except the  1 above named owners.  The above reward will*be paid to anv one  returning them to ������  JULIUS KHRLICH, '  Baker Street,  <238) Nelson, B.C.  \OI'TIII'OKT--->AIL ������ ri-KK IMUilK  Mleiiiiiei- -"Ij-Unii."   -  Leaves Trail Creek for Norlhporl  on Mon-  <l������vs. Wednesdays, 'J'hursdtiys and Saturdays  Leaves Northnorf for Trail Creek Monday's  Wednesdays,   Thursdays and Saturdays at 1  Connects at Northport with S. P. & N Itv  for bpokane. .    . J'  VKLSOVKASLO KOITK.���������"Str Xelson."  . Leaves Nelson for Kaslo. Tuesdays at 5.30 p  ni.. Wednesdays a' 2.30 p.m.. Thursdays at5.30  p. m., Fridays at o.JtO p. in.. Saturdays at 5.30 p.  in.    Connecting  on Tuesdays, Thursdays and  Saturdays with N.  '. F. S. Ry. at Five Mile  Point for Kaslo and Lake points,  o  Leaves Kaslo for Nelson, Mondays at 3 a. m... -  Wednesdays at 3 a. in., Thursdays at Sa.m, -  Fridays at  3   a.  m.,   Saturdays  at   S  a.   m.  Connecting ou Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at Five Mile Point with N. ic F. S. Ry.  for Spokane.  Connects    with    Columbia    &-   Kootenay  Railway at Nelson for points north and south.  I.OWKR'.*' FEKKV KOL'TC���������Sir.   ".Vj-lson."  Leaves Kaslo for Bonner's Ferrv   at 1 -_   m  : on Mondays. * -' **���������'���������'���������"*��������� ni-  !    Leaves Nelson for Bonners Ferrv   atSnir  -i on Mondays'. "'  I    Leave? Bonner's Ferry for Pilot Bay   Vclsrm  ! Ainsworth and Kaslo on Tuesdays at '���������*\ m  !    Connects at Bonner's Ferry with the Great  : Northern Railway ior points east and west.  oflice/^n'/*11^ et������-' aI'p1^ a* Company's  T. Allan-,  Secretary.  J. "W. TROI7P,  Manager.


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