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The Miner Sep 5, 1891

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Array 71 y-f)  s  v���������  -',<..:%  7 ������/���������  &>���������'}  ���������y'-'y*  ft-  Only Paper  Printed in the  Kootenay lake Min>  ing Districts.  For Rates  of Subscription and  Advertising ',..  See Fourth Page.  NUMBER 63.  NELSON,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,   SEPTEMBER   5,   1891.  $4 A YEAR  ^������GCJING   'ALONCi    IN    HOT ,SPRO������S: DISTRICT.  In Hot Springs district development  work is  being done  on  several  claims   and   mines,   although ore extraction for '.immediate shipment  is confined to the Number One alone.    The vein  in that mine continues to carry good ore, and  although rather blankety in  its dip continues  well defined.     It is  reported  that Bremner &  Watson, the  Ainsworth   teamsters,   have contracted to haul an additional tonnage from the  mine to the landing for shipment to East Helena, Montana.    The Fourth   also continues  to  show ore  in the tunnel, and is pronounced as  looking as well,  if not  better than any  other-  claim   in   the district   for the amount of  work  done.    The Skyline crosscut has not yet reached  the ledge,   the   ground  being the   hardest encountered in the mine.  The Tenderfoot's double-  compartment shaft is down 20 feet.    A double  shift  is at  work   on   the   Snowbank,  a  claim  located in line with the Fourth and Number One,  and from which great things are expected by its  owners, Bremner, Retallack & Luther Brothers.  W. W.   Sprague  is  sinking  on   the  On   Deck.  The usual amount of assessment work is being  done.. ������������������'���������'   ���������.-���������'   , ��������� ��������� -.  ������������������  ' cv  Minor Mining News Notes.  The Buchanan-Landriggan party, who are on  the Salmon prospecting, have made several locations.    The Procter-Gallop syndicate have men  at work on the locations recently  made about  5 miles south of Balfour. The work done on the  Helene by the Goplens indicates that it is a big  property, the ledge- being unreovered for a^dis-  tance of 50 feet, the ore being a galena concentrating proposition; A find made by John  Lawrence, Bill Brokaw, and their partners near  Bob YuilTs ranch, 12 miles above Nelson, is reported 600 feet wide by the discoverers. If it  is only half that width they should be satisfied.  To be Independent of tlie Railway.  Nelson is to have a wharf, so it is reported.  Its necessity was conceded by surveyor-general  Gore, on looking at the present wharf accommodations furnished by the railway company.  Previous to his visit here, mr. Gore had instructed mr; Latimer, who is platting the town-  site, to make surveys and soundings at the foot  of Hall and Hendryx streets, so that the best  site could be selected. It is understood that the  new wharf will be built at the foot of Hall street,  on the site of the old Citizens' wharf.  The fcardeanx Trail Dajaiaged fay Fire.  G. B. Nagle, who was foreman in charge of  the force at work on the Lardeaux trail, arrived  at Ainsworth on the 2nd. The trail was completed through to Trout lake on August 29th.  On returning towards the Kootenay lake end of  the work, it was found that a big fire had run  through the country, damaging the trail for a  distance of 4 miles, and burning out the bridge  across Cooper creek. It will take about 10 days  to repair the damage.  Sanguine Aver the Outlook.  The tunnel on the Grizzly Bear is in over 70  feet,   with   three .'���������8-hour  shifts  pegging away.  Superintendent Robertson is sanguine over the  Outlook, and states that by spring the Grizzly  will be a mine. The company is a British Columbia one, and its success will instill a little  confidence in coast capitalists who, whatever  may be said of them, have put many a good dollar in mining ventures that paid nothing but  Irish dividends.  Why does a man speak broken English to a  foreigner who cannot understand good English?  Why does a man who cannot make another  agree to his arguments shout in stating them a  second time?  Why does a man turn his head to observe a  pretty woman, while a womaln merely turns her  eyes to observe a handsome man?  Why does a restaurant keeper take his meals,  when he can, at some one else's restaurant?  Why are the authors of books that teach how  to get rich invariably poor?  DERIDIN������v..THE"  MINERAL   ACT.  It is wonderful with what unanirnitv a certain  clique���������they cannot be otherwise classed���������-deride  the present. Mineral Act. They can see no good  in any of its provisions, except thesection taxing working miners for the privilege of working  in mines. They say that the old act, with its  many imperfections, is far preferable. They  claim that the new act, being the work of laymen, is more ambiguous than the one that it repeals.    In fact, they claim that the old act is yet  in force, that is, that many of its provisions were  not repealed. The clique are never tired of deriding mr. Kellie, who represents this district in  the legislative assembly and who was a member  of the commission that drafted the act. Not a  word is heard in derision of mr. Wright or mr.  Wilson or mr. powen or judge Spinks. Why is  it that mr. Kellie should be singled out for all  the malignant abuse? The answer is: Because  mr. Kellie refuses to grind the axes of some and  toady to others of the clique. The Mineral Act  is not perfect; neither are some of the ex-  officials who are so hypercritical in their criticisms,of it.   -:___f__f_ ."''."   ___'"������������������-'"' ���������":'���������'''""  One of the Mineral Act Critics.  It is rather amusing to hear a man like Napoleon Fitzstubbs, who was pitchforked into the  job he is now holding down, criticire an act introduced by John   Robson  and   its   provisions  carefully examined by Theodore Davie, the one  premier of the province and the other its attorney-general. Probably Napoleon is after the  minister of mines billet himself. If so, he should  be given it. The people of West Kootenay  would only be too glad to see him promoted, if  his Gpromotion would onlyi remove him from  their midst.  Bears More Numerous Than Paying Mines.  From all parts of the lake country come bear  stories, no doubt some of them exaggerated. At  Balfour they are said to be more numerous than  improved town lots; at Ainsworth, more plentiful than buyers of undeveloped prospects; at  Nelson they largely outnumber the paying  mines. They are met on every trail, and always  unexpectedly and by men unprepared for gore.  A good hunter could make a "killing" by killing  them for their skins, provided their skins are in  good condition at this season of the year.  Both Show Favorable Indications.  The Jim Crow  and Venita Boy are two Toad  mountain claims whose owners  have faith  in  them.    On the former C. J. Lundberg and C. M.  Townsend are at work, and on the latter Ben  Thomas, Charles Malley, and John Conners have  a shaft down 65 feet. Both show favorable indications, and as both are strong, well-defined  veins the owners have more than even chances  that they are not working for nothing.  Prospecting   for Gold on  the  North   Saskatchewan.  Edmonton Bulletin, August 29th: A Montana  miner with a small train of pack horses arrived  at Edmonton on Tuesday of this weeek from the  headwaters of the Saskatchewan, where he has  been prospecting for gold. He was compelled  to leave owing to scarcity of provisions, but is  well pleased with the prospects and will return  next year.  AN   EXCITEMENT ; BREAMS   OUT   AFRESH.  There was a lull in the Kaslo creek excitement  the fore part of the week, but the excitement is  again at fever heat, if reports received from  Ainsworth on Friday are to be believed. The  lull was occasioned by conflicting opinions as to  the merits of the new district, many of the returned prospectors calling it ��������� "cultus," while  others were emphatic in pronouncing the showings good.    The revived excitement was caused  by the bringing to AinswTorth of ore that assayed up in the hundreds, the ore coming from  finds not previously reported. The number of  prospectors who returned to the district is esti-  mated at close onto 50. Pat Gannon left Ainsworth on Friday to look out a suitable route for  a trail into the district. It is generally conceded  that the Schroder creek route is more direct-and  practicable than the one up, Kaslo creek.  The Gold. Belt.    ;  Work has been commenced on the Muldoon,  the  south   extension  of   the  Royal Canadian.  This claim  is now owned by George H. Keefer  and   M. C. Monaghan, two  men  not  afraid of  hard work.    They will first definitely locate the  ledge, then sink or tunnel as  is thought most  practicable. The owners of the Royal Canadian  will soon resume work on that claim, it being  their intention to work all winter. John Miles  is still pegging away on his claims, chief of  which is the Majestic. Mr. Miles has done more  work single-handed than any other man in the  district. Assessment :work is being done on a  number of other claims in the belt.  The Suspended Spokane National Bank.  In an interview with a Spokane reporter,  Warren Hussey, cashier of the Spokane National bank, who the day before had arrived  from the east, stated that everything was working favorable for the bank, arid that by the 10th  instant it would be known definitely whether  the bond on the Morning mine would be taken  up. The creditors of the bank in the lake country will only be too glad to hear that the Morning mine sale is an actual fact, and the miners  in this district will not regret to hear the same  news, for the sale would probably mean the  starting up of the Poorman mine and mill.  Crawford  Bay Claims  Bonded.  R. H. Kemp, a mining and newspaper nian  who makes his headquarters at Spokane Falls,  has succeeded in securing an option on a portion  of the Cockle pre-emption on Crawford bay for  a syndicate who has bonded a number of claims  in that neighborhood. It is understood that if  the deal goes through work will be commenced  on the claims at once.  Doing Assessment Work on  Nickel Claims.  Mat Garrity is a firm believer in  the nickel  claims on the north side of the Kootenay, and if  he was only as well supplied with capital as he  is with muscle he would prove their worth. He  is now doing the annual assessment work on  those in which he has an interest.  Not at Thing of Beauty.  Although the Spokane was reported high and  dry on a sand-bar above Banner's Ferry the fore  part of the week, she arrived at. Nelson this  morning for another cargo of bonded freight.  The Spokane is not a thing of beauty, but she  gets there all the same.  The Dandy.  Superintendent Ray reports the Dandy looking good.    On Monday last the lower tunnel was  in 94 feet and the upper crosscut tunnel in 84.  Ki THE  MINER:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,   SEPTEMBER  5,   1891.  NELSON  SAWMILL GO.  Yard:   At end of* Flume ih "Nelson.  Mill:   Two  Miles South of Nelson.  Manufacture  MOLDINGS,  The...'mill .is now in,thorough order  And Will Out 20,000 Feet a Day.  Orders for special-size stuff will receive prompt  attention.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. e Lumber��������� good, bad, and indifferent��������� on  band or made to order.  Gk G. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January 15th.  The Davies- Say ward  MANUFACTURERS OF  OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.  PEICE LIST  (DELIVERED  AT NELSON,  AINSWORTH,   OR  BALFOUR).  B������R1*:SSK8>.  No. 1 flooring, 4 inch, per M V $32 00  No. 2 "        0 inch,      "     27 00  No. 1 ceiling, 4 inch,       "     32 00  No. 2        "       (Much,       "     . ..27 00  Rustic, "     27 00  Selectclear, 1)1), "     40 00  No. 1 common, D, "     25 00  DD,        ���������" '..    27 00  Bar and counter tops, clear, per foot.  10  hoiks ii.'  No. 1 common, per M   $20 00  No. 2        " " ..-     15 00  Culls, "       .,     12 00  Shingles, "      4 50  <MOLI>iN-GS.  Bead, panel, crown, base, etc., etc., per foot, 2������@10c  Ulills at Pilot Kay, Kootenay Lake.  0. Spalding,   .   .   .    Manager  R. F. PERRY, Agent at Nelson.  BiiESfNER ������ft WATSOSf, Agents at Ainsworth.  AMERICAN . iON������EVITY.  The longevity of European rulers and statesmen has of ten been a matter of observation and  comment. The death of the emperor William  of Germany at 90, Von Molke -af-91, arid Bismarck still carrying' his responsibilities, though  far beyond the palmist's limit of life, are commonplace instances. The same may be said of  Gladstone. A Washington correspondent has  recently taken the trouble to prepare a list of  American public men who lived to be more than  SO years old, and who in  many  instances  discharged many impo'rtant duties, to a late day in  their lives.    John Adams held out until he was  90, and his son; John  Quincy, in his 81st  year,  dropped at his  post in the house of representatives.    Forty years of piiblic life arid an age of  81 marked the outlines of  the career of Samuel  Adams;  "father of the revolution," as  he has.  been called.    James Madison served, the public  40  years,   8  years as  president  of the   United  States, and died in his 86th year.    The historian  Bancroft, once secretary of the navy..aud.minister-to Germany,'was born in 1800.   One hundred  and two was the age at which David Brooks arrived, 'who'once represented New York in congress.   The oldest "living ex-congressman," Perkins King, was callefl before his recent demise in  New York at the ageof 91.    Timothy Matlock,  a member of the continental congress, lived to a.  century.    Alfred   Conkling,   father   of   Roscoe  Oonkling", who served in congress and Was ���������.rum-  ister to Mexico under Filmore, published a la w '  book at 80, 6 years before his death.    Benjamin  Franklin's superlatively busy life lasted 84 years.  Roger B. Taney, dying at' 87, was chief justice  of the United  States -nearly 30 of the last vears  of his life.    Samuel Thatcher of Bangor,* Maine,  reached 96 years after having served iri Congress  and in other responsible public positions.    Forv  many years Josiali Quincy of Massachusetts was  congressman, and  afterwards"devoted-"-himself  to literature.    He lived to  be 92.    Morgan Law- '  rence.re'iehed  100 years, having been a mem her  of the legislature .or New York and governor of  the state.    This  list might   here  be greatly extended,  but  the  instances given   will suffice to  illustrate the fact that American  public life is  not incompatible with longevity.. The presumption is that neither Germany nor Great Britain  can present for the same period a longer" roll of  old men who once served or are still serving the  public.  ��������� |  . ��������� .   ���������   ���������    ��������� ��������� .. j  A  Pointer., for .Iriritable  Women. j  It is a common thing for a person to apologize   I  for  an   irritable,   ill-tempered   woman,   on   the   |  ground that she  is. nervous, as if an  unseemly   \  display of temper was perfectly consistent with   j  ���������'Christian  character,   providing   the   individual   j  could offer the  plea of "nerves."    There ai-e, as   J  every one  knows,  abnormal conditions  of  the   j  physical system, whe'n the nerves are not under   ;  the control of the mind, and the sufferer is to be   I  excused for all   kinds of  absurdities of action.   !  But these conditions occur in  fevers and states   ���������  of   insanity, and  then  the patient is put under   j  restraint, for "the safety of herself and others.   |  The "nervous person" who is the cause of cease-   j  less misery, to herself and  her friends is the one   j  who  would  resent being  treated as of  unsond   ;  mind, and yet takes nearly all the privileges of   ,  one who is.    Persons of delicate nervous organ-  .;  ization are often the most amiable; long sufferers   from  lingering  disease  seem   to  acquire a   '  power  to  bear   pain   which   seems   little  short,  of    angelic.    The    display    of    "nervous    temper"   cannot   be    excused   on   the    ground    of  illness   as   the    most   irritable   people   are   not  those who are sufferers from depressing sickness  and the umch-talked-of irritability of the invalid is found on invertigation to be much a. matter   of   temperament.    The   so-called    nervous   j  women,   who   make   everybody   around   them   j  wretched with their unaccountable freaks, and,   |  above  all,   with   their  unbearable   temper,   are ,i  very often of robust health, who will walk miles  in pursuit of a shopping fancy or some whim  that  attracts   them.    Women   of   fine   nervous  temperament,   delicate   and   sensitive   as  only  such people can  be, are the very last to wound  the feelings of their friends  by a coarse display  of irritability or by selfishness.    It is an essentially coarse and selfish woman who will make  everyone around her wretched by her irritability and whims.  w. j. WILSON.  W. PERDUE.  LSON & PER  PROPRIETORS  OF    ,.'  .AT.  KELSON AND AMSWOETH.  Will contract to supply mining companies and steamboats  with, fresh meats, and deliver same at any mine or-;.;'  landing in the Kootenay Lake country.  CORRAL AND STABLING  .���������������������������'.-���������:���������  . ������������������;...   AT NELSON, ������������������/  "A,  where saddle and pack animals -can always be hived, and'  teams obtained for job teaming.  '���������;������������������������������������   MAKIE   CONTRACTS'   a: \  .'-..���������';  ���������....-(*..-....���������_..'...���������.,.:..:.  with  merchants  for hauling freight to or from  ralfroad  depot,and steamboat wharf.  NET.SON   OEFICE   AND   MARKET, ..  G. !S EAST BAKER STREET  PROPRIETOR OF THE  opioisrimiEiR,  RAL AND   S  Ward Street,-...rear .government ISuilding,  ���������. NELSON,-'-B: &:������������������ "  Will undertake any work or contract, in which pack animals or teams can be .used.    Will furnish  SADDLE AND PACK ANIMALS  to parties who wish to examine mines and claims  in Toad Mountain district.  . , '   '     '-:       '���������.���������'���������-. ��������� .���������.���������������'..  WILL   OOOTEAOT  TO  CAEEY PASSENGEES  and baggage to and from hotels ;  also, freight  to and from steamboat wharves and      , c  railway depots.  CONTRACT TO GRADE LOTS IN  NELSON.  Stove  and  Clordwood  for Sale.  AIKS^'OKTII,  H5. C.  Contracts taken for hauling supplies, machinery, ore,  etc.  to and from mines in Hot Springs district.  ALL   TEAMING   WORK   UNDERTAKEN.  Agents    for   fllavies-Say ward   'Sawmill.  Conipsiuy s  Ejumher,   Moldings,  and   Shingles.  Just arrived at Robson's bakery a car-load of Ogilvie  flour.    To insure ready sale, it will be offered at a.low  price.    For sale at bakery on Bluff street and at, Robson'a..  store on West Baker street.  *m THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   SEPTEMBEE  5,   1891.  Having Purchased the Stocks Carried by  The Lindsay Mercantile Co,  and Pletcher & Co.  is prepared to supplyProspectors, Mining Companies, and the General Trade with  everything in the line of  Groceries, Proyisions, Hardware, Tinware, Olothing, Dry^Goods, Boots, Shoes, etc.    The stock carried will  be sold at Low ;Prices and on Favorable Terms. ^  srJ}\ JFOIR   GKE^ISTT' PO.WBEE   COZTyCIE3^:]^^-  (The best powder made for use in mines.)  Corner Wright and Sutton Streets,  (IiiAlKindang lately <������eeiii������ied:-l������y��������� Fletelier '������$: ���������<>.) ...  THE    ^-KXSliS   HF -. ���������A$AS>A. V- - .-'-  '-���������''������������������ ���������  The following table, as the first.results  of the  census enumerators, has  been   presented  before  the Dominion house of commons:  1871           1S81  1891  Ontario:...: ;....:.:  1,620,851   1,923,922  2,112,989  Quebec. .-. -1,191,516   1,359,027  1,4SS,5S6  Nova. Scotia ;...................     387,S00    < 440,572  450,523  New'Brunswick      285,594      321,233  321,294  Manitoba .! .....:...       25.22S        62,260  .154,442  Prince Ed ward Island......:...'     94,021      108,891  10 J, OSS  British Columbia        33,586        49,453  92,767  Northwest Territories a. ...  '    18,000 .      25,515  61,487  Unorganized districts..........       30,000        30,931  32,168  Total population .%....'���������',.. ... 3,680,596 4,324,S10 4,823,344  The percentage of increase/.of population in  Canada from 1871 to 1881 was"17.31";from 1881 to  1891 the percentage of increase was 11.52. The  maritime provinces have remained nearly stationary in population, showing1 an increase .of  1.17 per cent. The ratio of increase in the prov-;  inces of Quebec and Ontario has been nearly the  same, that of Ontario havingbeen a little larger,  9.65,  against  9.53  for  Quebec.    In  tlie  western  provinces the percentages of increase have been  very  large, but  have not yet equalled   the'estimates   as   calculated   by lbgarit hmetie process.  Manitoba shows 148.06. the Northwest Territories  140.98, and British  Columbia 87.76 per'cent..   A  comparison   of   increases   and   decreases   as   between cities and towns was not. furnished in tlie  figures  which -were laid-'before  parliament, but  it   is   understood   that   the cities  and   towns in  Canada, show a very large comparative increase,  the same as is  found in  the   United  States and  in the  United Kingdom.    There is reason to believe  that   the  census  has   been   very  carefully  taken and figures correctly complied.    The system; employed was that  known as tlie de jure���������  the same as that which is adopted .in the United  ���������States, and undoubtedly for the same reason in  both'countries'.   It-is best adopted to the federal  system, and a comparatively sparse, population,  with a large  extent of  territory;  while, on   the  other hand, the de facto system is better adapted  to a dense and compactvpopulation such as that  of the United Kingdom.    There is one point to.  be observed.    The de jure system was applied to  the taking of.the. census of Canada.with  what  is known as a."time limit"���������that is, in ascertaining the number of .persons belonging to a domicile���������none  of the absent   were  taken   who  had  been' away  for more than  12 months; in  other  words,   a "time limit" of one year was applied  to'the system,    in previous censuses of Canada  no limit of  this kind  was applied.    It is impossible to say   what   difference has  been made  in  the   population   returns.    The    time   limit   was  adopted by a decision of council inconsequence  of strong representation   which had  been made  in    the   house   of   commons,    accompanied    by  promises of ministers that such should be. done.  The decrease, of percentage in increase in Canada  is very nearly the same; as that of the United  States; that of Canada, being5.79 as against 5.22  in the United States, while the increase percentage   of   population   in   Canada  is  considerably  larger than that of the whole United Kingdom,  and very nearly the same as that of England  and Wales alone.    It is interesting to point out  et  ui this connection that Francis A. Walker, an  eminent American statistician, who had charge  of taking the United States census of 1870  and 1880, has written & paper in the August  number of the Forum, in* which he shows that  the decrease in percentage of, increa.se 'of population in the United States came at the*' 'period,  in which there was the largest* immigration.  The lowest decennial census increase in, the  United States since 1870 was between the }Tears  1880 and 1890, the immigration in this decennium  being over five and a quarter .millions, the total  numerical increase, of population in the United  States in the same period being not quite twelve  and a, half millions. He further shows that the  largest increase of population in the United  States was during the 40 years ending 1830, the  aggregate" increase being 226 per cent. In the  decennium 1830-10 the immigration commenced'  to be '-'very large and has gone on since increasing until the figures above stated of five and a  quarter millions-,in 10 years were reached.  TORONTO   PRESS   COMMENT.  The   Globe in an article on ��������� the'-subject nf the  census,   points   out    that   while  in   the   United  States- the population has doubled itself every 30  years' the-  population  of   this, country  has   not  doubled itself for 40 years, from 1851 to 1891, and  that our neighbors have gained more by natural  expansion .alone than we have by natural expansion and immigration put together. Continuing, the Globe says the increase of population in the Dominion during the last. 10 years  has been under 500,000, cyet if the government  '���������return's- are to; be believed, we received during  the decade about 850,0(XJ settlers through immigration alone. What has become of them all?  And of the natural growth of population in  Canada, itself, seeing the apparent gain is o.nlv  500.000? The'Globeconcludes: "By all odds the'  gravest, question for Canadians to consider is  how to keep the population from going out of  Canada after we have reared it and educated it,,  and provided it with all that borrowed money  can levy or build."  The1 Empire says: "The population of Canada has always been of slow growth, and what  is missed is the dazzling triumphs of rapidity in  augmenting the numbers is more than made up  by the high character of the immigration that'  comes to our shores, and the ability of the country to thoroughly absorb and assimilate it. Thai  the past decade has not shown larger growth is  due in no-considerable' measure to the tactics of  those politicians in the community who have  persistently preached discouragement, have induced men to leave the country, and assailed and  hindered in the money market- of the world the  great commercial undertakings' of Canada.  Under such conditions Canada has done well,  and her half million increase is satisfactory."  The Mail says that while the result of the census is disappointing it must in fairness be  remembered that owing to tlie precautions taken  to exclude non-residents, precautions which were  not taken in 1881, the census of 1891 is a far  closer count than the previous ones and that  therefore the figures -for this year are smaller  than they would have been had the system of  calculation in operation in 1881  been continued.  A    DAXftEKOirS    HA KIT.  "I can tell you," said a prominent   physician  >to a representative  of  the  San  Francisco Call  yesterday, "what is a-fruitful source, of disease."  "And what is it?"  "In riding in the street cars you have no  doubt seen passengers, particularly women,  take a piece of coin from a. pocket-book and  place it between the lips while waiting for the  conductor to come along. Lt is a habit formed  bv many and a most dangerous one."  "Why?" v c  "Did you ever for a moment t hink," continued  the physician,.-"where a piece of coin may have  been before it comes into your possession, to  what use it may have been put, or where- its  place of lodgment was? L have known of many  instances in which coin has been used to close  the eyes of-leprous-Chinamen. Then again there  is a. certain class of women who are superstitious  and believe that if they will place in their stocking the first piece of coin they receive in the day  luck will-follow -'them all day long, and how  many are there who carry ".-money in their boots  or shoes and draw it from there as necessity demands? Just think of money that has been  used in the manner I have described being  placed between the lips of anyone���������man or  woman. Money carries with it many a, blessing,  but it also carries many a curse, .for-bright as it  is it carries upon its face the germ of ;many a  disease, .which is communicated to the people in  the manner I have described."    ������  A   ISig  Wolf.  itln.<lc  iu  a��������� ���������Tasc.  At Butte, Montana, the state rested on August  28th in the examination on the 3 men charged  with the murder of editor Penrose. Instating  his defense, attorney Campbell promised a perfect alibi for all the accused and t he impeachment of the leading witnesses for perjury. For  the prosecution, witness Allen had1 identified  Deeney and Kelley as the 2 men seen by him on  tlie corner near the scene of -the'-murder.,a. few  minutes before-the firing of the fatal shot. Elocutionist. Franks and D. L. Davis today swore  they were the men addressed by Allen at that  time and pla,ce and identified Allen as the, man  who spoke to them. This evidence ma.kes a big  hole in the case of the prosecution at once.  A   i'urv  for  lh������*   <MIu-r Thing  V������'anf<k������I.  Tlie government rainmakers have been successful in their Texan experiments. By means  of an oct o-hydrogen balloon, exploded, a. mile  and a quarter, above ground, and a quantity of  dynamite, a (i-hours rain, which extended over  an area of 1000 iniles, was produced.in a dry territory. When the process of���������'stopping an unwelcome rain'has been discovered, the elements  will be practically within the control of man.  Then there will be no fear-of floods or droughts,  and the rain prophets will have to seek some  other occupation.  Osily freed   Im'   JBeasnro*!  Aright.  We could all be great men if we could be measured by the great tilings we intend to do tomorrow.  -I  ^������������������^^^f^T^ni^s^^^ 4.:  THE   MINEfi:    NELSOK,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,,. SEPTEMBER  5,   189L  Geoege C. Hunt  a J. Dover  Josephine Street.  Nelson, B.C.  Manufacturing Jewelers  for the Trade.  A  DEALERS  IN  U J- jljL  SILVERWARE  AND  ALL  FINE  WATCHES  ^arefsiBB.y   ISepair<-������]    and ' .Satisfaction    ^Maraitleed,  .'iiid   Al!  Orders- h.VAMair.Promptly Attended  to..  No. 1 Houston & Ink��������� Euilding,' Josephine Street.,  Branch Store at Donald, E. 0.  PosioJIiee.  Store,   kelson,   R.  ���������.  AND GENTS'.PUENISHING GOODS.  ALSO,   FULT,  LINES  OK  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  GrEO.E. :E������. ELLIS, F. 0. 8.  MINING   ENGINEER   AND   CHEMIST,  Author of "Practical Organic Analysis," the "Iron Ores of  the World," etc.; expert in the "Bluebird  Mining-Suit" (Butte City);  .YKLSOX,'IS. c:.  .'Will examine and report on, or superintend the development of. mining properties in West Kootenay; advises on the treatment of ores, and furnishes specifications of mining, milling, and smelting plants.  ASSAY   CJIIAieCiKS:    Gold,   silver,   or   lead,   ������1.50   each.  Gold and silver, or lead and silver, ������2.    Copper. ������2.50.  Silver and copper, ������3.   Gold, silver, and lead, ������3.   Gold,  silver, and copper, .$I ; and so on.  ib       cfflai������r n  b   m   jr   tk a '"���������"���������j  (Late Assayer for the Anaconda Company, Butte, Montana.)  ASSAYER and CHEMIST,  AIi\$WORTH,. IB. ���������.  Assay Charges.���������Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each. Gold  and silver or lead and silver, ������2. Copper, S2.50. Silver and  copper, ������3. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gold, silver, and  copper, ������3.50.  "CO'IJJLDVT-   RE    BIJNCOEi).  He   was  an   elderly  man,   probably 50.    His  whiskers grew in a little tuft, straight out from  the point of his chin; his linen duster was evidently the sain e he had purchased to attend the,  state fair several years ago.    He came  out  to  the  front end of the depot, gazed around in a  bewi 1 dered fashion, up and down and across the  street, and half a dozen cabmen rushed for him  headlong, says the Chicago Times of recent date.  "Cab, sir?   Cab, sir?   This way!"  "Any part of t he city,.sir; nice cab!"  "Take you to a good hotel, sir, for a quartei-?"  One had his grip, the other the umbrella, and  a third had him pinioned by the ample folds of  his duster.    Just  then a well-dressed man who  had   been  watching the occurrence approached  and, waiving the cabmen aside, said :    "Where  do you want to go, sir?'\  He recovered his grip, umbrella and breath  first, glanced up at the man, grinned a. sardonic,  rural, spasmodic grin, and as he gripped his belongings and backed off, remarked sarcastically ;  "That's none of your darned business. You'd  like rer know whar I come from, too, wouldn't  ve? An ef my folks is all well, an' how the  crops are? M^bbe-you. know somebody down in  our town an' use to pla v on mv farm when ver  was a boy? Speak out, an't T right? An't my  name Smith, an'don't I remember Hiram Johnson an' his boy Dick that run-off to Californy?  An' don't 1 l-ecognize you? Yes, I guess 1 do;  an' ef you don't git .right out'n hyar'tarnal quick  I'll call the perllce, I will. I know yer didos. 1  ain't ben in Indianapolis five times for nothin'  n an' don't take the papers jest for the'crop reports.    You git now, quick."  "But   I assure yon. sir.-you are mistaken.    I  .-don't   know   you   and   don't want   to.      I  only  thought���������" a ������" '.'.,  "Thought  I'd  like to cash a, check, or play a   |  lottery, or buy green  goods, eh?    Whar's your  partner?    Ain't it pretty near t ime for him tei-  show up?"  "T tell yon, sir, you art' mistaken. I am in t he  employ of this railway, and just thought 1  might save you some trouble with those cabmen.  Now, goon, and if you get buncoed, vvhy don't  say it wasn't-your own fault," and the irate  young man retired upstairs to the company's  offices.  The agriculturalist, .winked .the-'other'eye in  admiration of his own shrewdness, and, calling  a. cabman, said:    "Young man, you take me to  the ��������� building; that's whar the Universal  Investment. Company is, ain't it? They advertise to pay $100 in 6 months on. $1 a week put in,  an' begosh, I'm goin' ter buy some shares. Ther  bettern'county bonds."  . How-Tin plates, arc -Made.-  In view of the present crisis in south Wales  t i n pi at e t r a d e the foil o w i n g p a i ��������� t i c u 1 a. r s c) f t h e  Morewood process of tinning plates, now in use  at the works of the United States Iron & Tin-  plate Company, Limited, Demmler, Pennsylvania, may be of interest: The plates are rolled  in the ordinary-manner into black sheets, 8 of  these sheets being rolled at one time, and after  being sheared to size are put in the black-pickle  bath of sulphuric acid, where all oxidation is removed. They are then .placed in an annealing  furnace for 36 hours, after which they are passed  through the cold rolls, receiving a smoothly  polished sarface. They are annealed again and  put into the white pickle, where they are  thoroughly cleansed from any oxidation. They  are then ready for the tinning process. The  mode of putting, on the coating of tin is very  simple. The plates are first .submerged in a bath  of palm oil until all the water disappears, tlie  oil forming a flux for' the. tin, the first coat of  which is received in the tin pot; the plates are  next dipped in the "wash pot," and when taken  out the tin is spread over the surface with a  brush by hand. The final act in the tin-coating  process consists in  passing the plates through  rolls running in palni oil, whereby the tin is  evenly distributed and a smooth surface obtained. There are 5 of these rolls used, 3 running on top of 2, and the plates make 2 passes  through them, in the first place being let down  through the first and second of the upper set,  and by a. cradle arrangement being returned  through the second and third.    This completes  the finning operation proper, and the polish is  obtained by rapid movement of the plates  through bran and middlings, respectively, and  then polishing with sheepskin. The result obtained at the Dem mler works is a very excellent  article of bright tin plate.  0TJE NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  LOWEST FABES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  liiui>ti\miy '��������� Lulu-, .SiBipjjers will he consulting'   their   own   interests  .'. by shipping by the  '������������������ - ��������� ������������������u  .���������The Columbia &', Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  ";. SicaBaM'rs.-.<:^iiIJMBIA .a������<<   LVTT������i\     :  leave. Robson   for   Revelstoke on Mondays, Wednesdays,  Thursdays, and .Saturdays, on arrival of trains,from  Nelson,-making close connections at Rev- V  . elstokc with trains for  VANCOUVER,  NEW WESTMINSTER,- o{  ������ fllVnOIISrTIE^iEJ.A.X,.  VICTORIA,  TORONTO.  i lo:siO-A.<3-o,  AND   ALL  POINTS  EAST.  Por -rates,- ���������map's,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc., apply  to any  agent of the, company.  ROBERT KERR, D. E.  BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and 3 >assengor Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  ..WiNNij/Ert, Manitoba.' Vancouver, B. C.  THE    .COLUMBIA; &.   KOOTENAY    STEAM  ' NA.VBGATgO'N .COMPANY,   LIMITED.     .  THE STEAMER NELSON  will leave NELSON on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Fridays,  and Saturdays for AINSWORTH.  On Tuesdays and Fridays at G A. M., and on Wednesdays  and Saturdays at 4:30 A. M., on which days .she  will go through Io BONNER'S FERRY.  V.-H. ���������S3gSS?4TB3v,  Affc-H*,.  BtS^ES.STOHUi:,   R. V.  TTTT   T\TI  a     0     S3 a     tt   c l a  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  a.l ways on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  .'.Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Oor. Baker and Josephine Sts,  & CO.  (Successors to R. J. Hilts & Co.)  Contractors and Builders  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc  Will contract to erect all kinds of buildings and-guarantee  satisfaction.    Shop : corner Josephine ancl Bluff sts.  ARCHITECT,  00NTRACT0K  AND   BUILDER,  Plans, specifications, and estimates furnished for  all classes of buildings.  Jf&fll THE   MBTER:    NELSON,  B.   0.,   SATUEDAY, SEPTEMBEE  5,  1891.  TIMBER   LEASES-  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we. intend  , to make application to the chief commissioner of lands and  works for permission to lease the following described, tracts  of land, for lumbering purposes: Commencing at a point,  across the Lardeaux river, opposite a post on the west side  , where the trail and river meet, about 18 miles from the  mouth at Kootenay lake, thence south along the river from  said point 2 miles more or less to the end. of the timber,  thence east 20 chains more or less to the mountain, thence  north and west in a lawful manner along the side about 4  miles, thence, west 40 chains more or less to the river,  thence along the river 2 miles more or less to place of commencement. Also commencing at a post on the trail  about | of a mile down the river from the first large creek,  called "Cascade creek," thence west 20 chains more or less  to the mountain, thence along the mountain north and  west, in a lawful manner, about 2������ miles, thence east 40  chains more or less to the river, thence south along the  river to place of commencement. Also commencing at a  point 1 mile down the river from Cascade creek, thence  west 20 chains more or less to the mountain, thence south  40 chains, thence east 20 chains, thence south 20 chains,  thence east 20 chains more or less to the river, thence  northeast along the river to place of commencement.  JOSHUA DAVIES.  Pilot Bay, August 21st, 1891. W. P. SAY WARD.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to make application to the chief commissioner of lands and  works for permission to lease the following tract of land  for lumbering purposes: Commencing at a post near a  small creek and the Lardeau trail, about ������ or f of a mile  from the river, through the trail, thence west 40 chains,  more or less to the mountain, thence north 40 chains,  thence west 20 chains, thence north 40 chains more or less  to the river, thence along the river southeast to a point  due east from the starting point, thence west 40 chains  more or less to place of commencement.  1 JOSHUA DAVIES.  Pilot Bay, August 20th, 1891. W. P. SAY WARD.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to lease the following tract of land for lumbering purposes: Commencing at a point on the Lardeaux  trail, near mountain, 60 chains north of the north line of  the Columbia & Kootenay railway block No. 9, thence-east  120 chains more or less to G. O. Buchanan's limit, thence  north 80 chains, thence west 20 chains, thence north 80  chains, thence west 20 chains, thence north 80 chains,  thence west 20 chains, thence north 80 chains, thence west  20 chains, thence north 80 chains, thence west 20 chains,  thence north 80 chains, thence west 20 chains, thence north  80 chains, thence west 120 chains, thence south 80 chains,  thence east 20 chains, thence south 80 chains, thence east 20  chains, thence south 80 chains, thence east 20 chains, thence  south 80 chains, thence east 20 chains, thence south 80  chains, thence east 20 chains, thence south 80 chains, thence  east 20 chains, thence south 80 chains, thence east 120  chains to place of commencement containing 6000 acres  more or less. W. J. MACAULAY.  Nelson, B. C, July 40th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase the the following tract of land for  lumbering purposes: Commencing at a post on Lardeaux  trail near Summit creek, thence south 160 chains, thence  west 80 chains, thence north 40 chains, thence west 80  chains, thence north 40 chains, thence west 80 chains,  thence north 3 miles to Lardeaux river, thence 3 iniles  along bank of the river, thence south 2������ miles to place of  commencement; containing 7000 acres more or less.  Nelson, B. C, July 23rd, 1891. W. J. MACAULAY.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease for lumbering purposes the following tract of land :  Commencing at a post on the east bank of the Duncan  river, about h of a mile above the big flood-wood jam,  thence south about 40 chains, thence east 30 chains, thence  north 45 or 50 chains, thence west 30 chains, thence south  to place of commencement; containing 130 acres more or  less. JOSHUA DA VIES,  W. P. SAY WARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C, August. 8th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease for lumbering purposes the following tract of land:  Commencing at a post on the east side of Duncan river  near a mountain, and about 2������ miles south of the east fork  near a small creek, called Bear creek, thence south along  the mountain 100 chains more or less, to end of timber,  tlience west 20 chains, thence north 10 chains, thence west  20 chains, thence north 40 chains, thence west 10 chains,  thence north 30 chains more or less to the river, thence  along the river to place of commencement; containing 260  acres more or less. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAY WARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C, August 10th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease for lumbering purposes the following tract of land:  Commencing at a squared tree at the foot of a mountain,  on the east side of Duncan river, about 3i miles south of  the east fork, thence west 10 chains, thence"south 20 chains,  thence west 15 chains, thence south 20 chains, thence east  20 chains, thence south 10 chains, thence east 20 chains  more or less to the mountain, thence north along mountain  to place of commencement; containing 160 acres more or  less. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAY WARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C, August 10th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to lease the following described tract of land  for lumbering purposes: Commencing at a post on the  south bank of Goat river, on the Kootenay Valley Lands  Company's survey marked section 25; thence south 20  chains; thence west 120 chains, more or less, to meadow  lands; thence north 30 chains; thence west 20 chains; thence  north 30 chains; thence east 40 chains; thence north 20  chains, more or less, to the section line of 35 and 2 of the  Kootenay Valley Land Company's  survey;  thence east  along the foot of high banks and boundary of said, company's lands 120 chains, more or less, to a point due north  of initial post; thence south 20 chains to said post at place  of commencement. DAVIES-SAYWARD CO.  Pilot Bay, July 1st, 1891. per J. C. H.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease for lumbering pnrposes the following tract of land :  .Commencing at a point about J of a mile up the Duncan  river from the mouth of East Fork on the east side of river,  thence northwest along said river 2 miles more or less to  end of timber, thence north 40 chains more or less to the  mountain, thence east and north along the mountain 2  miles more or less, thence west 40 chains more or less to the  river and place of commencement; containing 600 acres  more or less. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P.SAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C, August 12th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease for lumbering purposes the following tract of land:  Commencing at the mouth of the east fork of the Duncan  river, thence south along bank of river about 2 miles more  or less to end of timber, thence north and west along the  mountain about 5 miles, thence east to the river 20 chains  more or less, thence south along to place of commencement  as per map ; containing 1060 acres more or less.  JOSHUA DAVIES,  , W. RSAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C, Aug;ust 12th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease for lumbering purposes the following tract of land:  Commencing at a squared tree at the mouth of the stream  called East Fork of the Duncan river, thence east 20chains,  thence south 40 chains, thence east 10 chains, thence south  60 chains, thence east 10 chains, thence south 40 chains,  thence east 20 chains more or less to the mountain, thence  south along the mountain 40 chains more or less to end of  timber, thence west 20 chains more or less to the river,  thence north along the said river and timber to place of  commencement as per map; containing 560 acres more or  less. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P.SAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B.C., August 12th, 1891.  LAND   NOTICES.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for permission to purchase the following tract of land: Commencing at a post marked J. L. R., about 2 miles south of  Kaslo creek, Kootenay lake, and about 200 feet south of a  small creek there situate, thence west 40 chains, thence  north 40 chains, thence east 40 chains, thence south following the shores of the lake to the initial post; containing 320  acres more or less. JOHN L. RETALLACK.  Ainsworth, B. C, Aiigust 16th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase the following tract of land: Commencing at a post on the lake shore on the north side of  Schroder creek, Kootenay lake, thence northwesterly along  lake shore 20 chains, thence south 20 chains, thence west 20  chains, thence south 40 chains, thence east to lake shore,  thence following lake shore to point of commencement.  J. .0. HOOKER,  GEORGE G. BUSHBY.  Ainsworth, B. C, August 18th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  leave to purchase a tract of land as follows: Beginning  at a post marked N. W. corner post, on the west shore of  Kootenay lake about 8 miles south of the Lardeaux river,  and about \ a mile north of the mouth of Schroder creek,  thence running south 40 chains, thence east to lake shore,  thence following lake shore to initial post; containing 160  acres more or less. JOHN A. WATSON,  Ainsworth, August 21st.  JOHN A. WHITTIER.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase 160 acres of land, situate cin West  Kootenay district, and described as follows: Commencing  at a post marked F. F., S. E., planted on the west shore of  Kootenay lake about 2 miles south of the month of Kaslo  creek, thence west 30 chains, thence north 40 chains, thence  east to the shore of the lake, thence following the meander  ings of the shore of the lake to the point of commencement;  containing 160 acres more or less.  Nelson, B. C, July 1st. FRANK FLETCHER.  ��������� _^���������^������������������������������������������������������������������������ . . _ ��������� 1  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days after date I intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to purchase the following described tract of  land situated in West Kootenay district: Commencing at  a post marked N. E. corner post, placed on the west shore  of the Lardeaux river near its mouth, thence west 40  chains, thence south 40 chains, thence east to the west  shore of Kootenay lake, thence north following the shores  of Kootenay lake and Lardeaux river to point of commencement; containing 160 acres, more or less.  Ainsworth, August 3rd, 1891. S. 11. GREEN.  Notice is hereby given, that sixty days after date I intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase 320 acres of land, situate in West  Kootenay district and described as follows : Commencing  at a stake marked H. S. N. W., at southwest corner Lot 207,  on the east shore of Kootenay lake, thence east 20 chains,  thence north 40 chains, thence east 20 chains, thence south  30 chains, thence west 40 chains more or less to the shore of  the lake, thence following the shore of the lake in a northerly direction to the point of commencement.  Nelson, August 6th, 1891. HAROLD SELOUS.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after dale we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase a tract of land described as follows :  Beginning at a post marked southwest corner post, situate at the northwest corner post of Johns and Anderson's  preemption, about 1 mile north of Goat river and about 1  mile east of Kootenay river; thence east 60 chains; thence  north 60 chains; thence west 60 chains; thence 60 chains  south to place of beginning; containing 320 acres, more or  less J. W. DOW  Ainsworth, July 20th, 1891; J^ H. VRIGHT.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for permission to buy a tract of land described as follows:  Beginning at a post marked northeast corner, post placed  on the west side of the Kootenay lake at the mouth of the  Lardeaux river; thence west 20 chains; thence south 40  chains; thence east 20 chains; to the shore of the lake;  thence following the meanderings of the lake shore to the  place of beginning; containing 80 acres, more or less.  Ainsworth, July 15th, 1891. R.F.GREEN.  APPLICATIONS   FOR_CROWN   GRANTS.  Notice is hereby given that Edwin Jay Kelly, as agent  for the Le Roi Mining & Smelting Company (Foreign), has  filed the necessary papers and made application for a  crown grant to the Le Roi mineral claim, situate on the  left slope of north fork of Trail creek, about 5 miles west  from Columbia river. Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections to me within 60 days from date of  publication. N. FITZST UBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B.C., August 29th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that J. C. Rykert, for himself and  others, has tiled the necessary papers and made application for a crown grant in favor of a mineral claim situate  in Hot Springs camp on Kootenay lake, and known as the  Danira. Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections within 60 days from date of publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, August 27th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that J. C. Rykert has filed the  necessary papers and made application for a crown grant  in favor of a mineral claim known as the Highland, situate  at Hot Springs, north of Cedar creek, Kootenay lake. Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  within 60 davs from date of publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, August 27th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days from .the date  of this notice we intend to purchase the mineral claim  "Gladstone" from the province of British Columbia, under  the provisions of section 35 of the "Mineral Act, 1891."  Said mineral claim is situate in Hot Springs mining division of West Kootenay district, and contains 19.8 acres,  more or less, as per surveyor's plat placed on No. 2 post of  said claim. JOHN HOUSTON, certificate No. 39502.  CHARLES H. INK, certificate No. 40044.  Nelson, B. C, July 18th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days from the date  of this notice we intend to purchase the mineral claim  "Garfield" from the province of British Columbia, under  the provisions of section 35 of the "Mineral Act, 1891."  Said mineral claim is situate in Hot Springs mining division of West Kootenay district, and contains 10.5 acres more  or less, as per surveyor's plat placed on No. 2 post of said  claim. JOHN HOUSTON, certificate No. 39502.  CHARLES H. INK, certificate No. 40044.  Nelson, B. C. July 18th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days from the date  of this notice we intend to purchase the mineral claim  "Cultus Potlach" from the province of British Columbia,  under the provisions of section 35 of the "Mineral Act,  1891." Said mineral claim is situate in Hot Springs mining  division of West Kootenay district, and contains 11.66  acres, more or less, as per surveyors plat placed on No. 2  post of said claim.  JOHN HOUSTON, certificate No. 39502.  CHARLES H. INK, certificate No. 40044.  Nelson, B. C. July 18th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days from the date  of this notice we. intend to purchase the mineral claim  "Telephone" from the province of British Columbia, under  the provisions of section 35 of the "Mineral Act, 1891."  Said mineral claim is situate in Hot Springs mining division of West Kootenay district, and contains 16.8 acres,  more or less, as per surveyor's plat placed on No. 2 post of  said claim. JOHN HOUSTON, certificate No. 39502.  CHARLES H. INK, certificate No. 40044.  Nelson, B. C��������� July ISth, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that A. H. Kelly, as owner, has  filed the necessary papers and made application for a crown  grant in favor of a mineral claim known as the Royal  Charter, situate on.Toad mountain, west arm of Kootenay  lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to file their objections with me within sixty days from date of publication. N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, 1st August, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that L. C. Kramer, as agent for  the Empire Consolidated Mining Company (Foreign), has  filed the necessary papers and made application for a  crown grant in favor of the mineral claim known as the  Dictator, situate about 2 miles southwest from Ainsworth,  Kootenay lake, B. C. Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections within 60 days from date of publication. N. FITZSTUBBS,  Nelson, B. C, August 22nd. Gold commissioner.  DISSOLUTION   OF   PARTNERSHIP.  The firm heretofore existing as Fletcher & Co. is hereby  dissolved. All debts due the firm must be paid to G. B.  Wright, and all claims against said firm must be sent to  G. B. Wright for payment. JOSIAH   FLETCHER,  Ainsworth, August 20th. G.  B.   WRIGHT.  APPLICATION   FOR   LIQUOR   LICENSE.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to apply to the gold commissioner for a hotel and liquor  license for the Halfway house, Ainsworth.  MORRISON & SHANNON.  Halfway House, Ainsworth, August 27th, 1891.  I  era  I THE  MINER:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   SEPTEMBEE  5,   1891.  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months ������2.50, one year $4.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of $3 an inch (down the- column) per months A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters :  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  KDITOKIAL - REMARKS.  By a careful compilation made from statistics  'furnished by an official at Ottawa, it is now definitely known  that the Canadian consumption  of lead and its manufactures, including paints,  amounts annually to about 12,000 tons.   Reckoning 5 tons of ore to a,ton of lead, the consumption vvould require 60,000 tons of ore, or a daily  output  of less  than  200 tons���������not  a very large  output, but certainly1 greater than  the present  output   of   the   Kootenay Lake   country.     In  smelting  60,000  tons of lead  ores  double  that,  quantity of dry ores would  probably be used.  That vvould mean 180,000 tons, or about 600 tons  daily.     The  greater   portion   of   the   dry   ores  would be drawn from  the United States,, which  vvould   mean   business  for  any transportation  line or lines that connect this section  with the  ..chining'states'to the south.e   In treating 180,000  tons of ore, thousands of tons of iron ore, lime  rock, coke, and charcoa 1 would be consumed, all  of which would /require transportation a greater  or  less  distance.    The  consumption  of lead iu  Canada is sufficiently great to justify the government in placing an additional duty on imported  lead and its products, providing there is a likelihood of the mines of British  Columbia producing, in the near future, the amount consumed.  The Miner favors increasing the duty at once,  in  the  belief that the  people of the  Dominion  would not only be the gainers in the end, but a  much-needed impetus would be given an industry that requires fostering because of the many  discouraging difficulties to be overcome in placing it on a paying basis.  We believe that mr. Mara is using due diligence at Ottawa to further the interests of the  lead miners of his district, but his -efforts should  be backed up by those of the people directly interested, and no better means can be adopted  than by using the columns of the .influential  papers of eastern Canada. If some of the men  who'are-now'devoting.their by no means mean  abilities in attempts to belittle mr. Kellie. in  the coast papers would only use their ready pens  in inditing letters to the eastern press on the  lead question, they would be engaged in an occupation that might result in great good to a  district which, in the past, they have done much  to injure.   The men who can see no good in mr Kellie are  doing their utmost to discredit him among  miners and prospectors by insinuating that he  is responsible for the defects in the present. Mineral Act, because he drafted it and secured its  passage through the legislative assembly. These  insinuations will, no doubt, have some effect  with men who are strangers in the district and  who are unacquainted with the facts. The present Mineral Act is the work of a commission, of  which mr. Kellie was a men)her; G. B. Wright  of Ainsworth, judge Spinks of Kamloops, William Wilson of Victoria, and George Cowan of  Cariboo being the other four. It is well known,  even to the men that would discredit him, that  mr. Kellie and mr. Wright held views almost  diametrically opposed to those held by mr. Wilson and mr. Cowan; the two former wishing to  make the law conform to the needs of the min  ing business as developed in late years; the two  latter striving to make it conform to the methods  always in vogue in Cariboo. Judge Spinks had  no vote, he being the legal adviser of the commission. The result of their joint labors was  embodied in a bill (No. 13) and introduced in  the legislative assembly, not by mr. Kellie, but  by mr. Robson, minister of mines and premier  of the province, and made a government measure. Mr. Kellie and other members endeavored  to amend it, but their amendments were always  voted down by the solid government vote.  If the above is a statement of fact, is it not  just a trifle unfair to hold mr. Kellie responsible  for the defects in the law; and must not mr.  Robson feel just a trifle ruffled to hear his pet  measure criticized by men who feed at the public crib by his appointment; officials, too, whose  knowledge of the practical workings of the Mineral Act is gained in confabulation with disgruntled politicians, whose only hope for preferment is to break down a man who, if not  perfect, is certainly not a corruptionist and a  ���������trickster:,.. . '..��������� /.    ______ a  The so-called "revelations" at Ottawa; have revealed one thing. The country's best men do  not go in for politics. The men who do go are  not patriots. No true patriot will bring his  country into bad repute. This is a platitude  but one which it is wise the people should take  to heart. It is not pleasant to reflect that Canada is suffering today in public opinion .abroad;  However, politics must ever be a disappointing,  exasperating profession to all but the great and  magnetic leaders.. Is it true, by the way, that  the Highland Association of Illinois has unanimously elected sir W. Gordon Gumming as honorary chief in place of the late sir John Mac-  donald? _____.-  / It must be just a trifle oannoying to ultra  papers, like the Victoria Colonist, to be called  on to print the sickening details of official corruption uncovered by the house of commons  committees at Ottawa���������officials that were always heretofore, in comparison to those of the  republic to the south, spotless in their purity.  God help a people whose press, when not venal,  is time-serving.   '  The census of Canada proves conclusively that  it is not a desirable country to live in.  The Standard, a paper printed at Anaconda,  Montana, in discussing the industrial problem,1  says: "If there is one conspicuous mockery on  " earth, it is legislation. Not many months ago,  " with-shouting and flourishing of trumpets,  " congress passed the Anti-Trust bill. What  " came of it? "Within a week vve have read in  " one of the leading newspapers in the richest  " state in the Union an elaborate article which  "aimed to prove that trusts are a first-rate  "thing. This country is not. yet prepared to  " solve the industrial problem, because the prob-  " lem itself is not fully understood. Yet, must  " we not admit that republican institutions are  " on trial until the day comes that brings the  " satisfactory solution?" Would the Standard  do away with all legislation? If so, what would  become of the political party of which it is a  leading exponent; a party that would by legislative enactment make an 80-cent silver dollar  equal in value to a 100-cent gold one?  Toronto Week: "Impartial'observers of the  " proceedings at Ottawa cannot fail to have  " been struck with the contrast between the  " attitude of the minister of justice in the com-  " mittee on privileges and electionsvand that of  " other leading '''.ministers of the  crown   in the  "public accounts committee.    Not only has sir  " John   Thompson's   conduct   throughout    the  "Tarte investigation been scrupulously fair, but  "everyone  has been   impressed   with  his  evi-  " dently  honest   desire   that   the  whole  truth  " should   be brought   out,  no..-matter  whom  it  "might implicate.    So   much  cannot,  unfortu-  " nateiy, be said of the ministers who represent  "the 'government-." on the public accounts com-  " mittee.      Though   their   zeal    in   uncovering  ���������;'���������" wrong-doing had in no case greatly impressed  "the onlooker, their action   in  refusing to'per--..  "rait mr. Lister f() make use of the document.  " which the coin mittee' itself  had ordered from  "Quebec was a genuine surprise, and  has pro-..  " duced a painful impression.   Putting the mat-  " ter on no higher ground, to strain  the consti-  " tutional rule, if it be such, was a '.grave error  " in tactics.    The spectacle of five.;or six  meni-  ", bers of the government  rising to vote against  " the production of a paper evidence, for no bet1  " ter reason   than   that   the agreement in ques-  " tion. ''might    implicate   a    minister,   was   one  " which "could- not. fail to arouse suspicion in  re-  " spect to.that minister.,    The plea that the pre-  " cedent, if allowed, might  be. abused for "fish--"  " ing" invest igations is nugatory.    The position  " of. 'mr/. Lister,   or  any  other   member,   who  " might   push   such    an   investigation,   only   to  '"cover  himself   with  confusion   by 'making  it  " clear' that his allegations were baseless, would  "not be  so  enviable that  many   are/likely  to  "covet  it.    Mr.  Ghapleau,  if  conscious  of   rec-  " titude,   niay   welt exclaim,   "Save   me   from;  " my   friends!"     Grant   that   the "correct  con-  " stitutional   doctrine   is   that   no    inquiry  In-  " volving the conduct, of  a  minister should  be  "entered upon  until a formal charge has been  "made in .parliament, and when that has been  " done the investigation   vvould have to be con-  " ducted byanother committee.    Every . unpre-  " judiced person   must   none  the  less  have felt  " that in thiscase the plea was little better' than  "a subterfuge.    Surely   the  divinity  that doth  "hedge in a minister of the crown in Canada is  " not so awful that an investigation .of accounts  " must  be stopped  short   the  moment  there is  "reason  to suspect  that the evidence about to  " be produced may leave a stain on his adminis-  " tration of his office.    The pi-esent is not a time  "when   the process of  investigation should  be  "stopped by technicalities.    The question  said  "to   have  been   put   by   the one  Conservative  '* member o f' t h e committee who  voted against  " ruling   out the'.'proffered   evidence,   "Do   you  " not  suppose  that, sir John  Thompson  vvould  " have approved   of  my course?" is significant.  " As   for   mr-   Chapleau   himself,   the   wonder  " grows that he did not at once entreat, his col-  " leagues to desist  and declare himself  not only  " willing  but 'anxious   to  have every  scrap   of  " evidence  in   the  possession of tlie  committee  " produced.     That  strikes   one   as   the   course  " which    most   men,   conscious   of    innocence,  " would have taken.    It  surely cannot  be that  " the  matter   will   be allowed   to   drop,  leaving  " the reputation  of  the  minister under a dark  " shadow of suspicion. The responsibility should  " be thrown upon the government and the house  " before-.the question  is referred, as it must be  " sooner or later, to the electors.  Premier Abbott is loud in his professions Of a  desire to clean out the augean stables at Ottawa. He may be honest in his professions, but  his long connection with a great corporation  whose maxim is, "the end justifies the means,"  must, have surely blunted his moral sensibilities.  ft.**  m  ���������is***1 ������.  if-*; ^  I..' ���������        &   t  SJ"fl THE   MDTEK:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   SEPTEMBER5,   1891.  Dealers in Dry Groods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned G-oodsy Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is full and cdmnletein every Department, and the nubHc will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods  and compare Prices. /  Main Street, EEYELSTOEE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  MISKKAL  CLAIMS   IM<:C<l&flfcl*EI& ANO- TltANSFEItSfcEI*  AT   NELSON, TOAD   MOUNTAIN    DISTRICT.  Friday, August 28th.'--The Keystone, situate at the head  of .Eagle creek and about a'mile southeasterly from the  Poorman; Alfred R. Seaman locator. The Nelson, adjoining the Keystone; -Charles Dundee locator.  Saturday, August 29th. ���������The Great West, situate on  '��������� Anderson'creek about 5 miles southeast of Nelson; E. A.  Bielehberg locator. ���������  Tuesday, September 1st.���������The Etna, situate on Toad  mountain and is a westerly extension of the Maud S; Silas  Johns locator.   .-.'/'  Wednesday, September 2nd. ���������The Gopher, situate on  Morning mountain about ������ mile south from Morning mineral claim; William M. Glover and Thomas Parsell  locators.  BILLS  OF  SALE.      t /  ���������"'Tuesday, September 1st.���������James Boyd to A. Welch,.an  undivided \ interest in the Vulcan.and an undivided h interest in the Porcupine mineral claims, situate at head of  Anderson creek; consideration ������100. Mike Egan to K J.  Mowatt, the Mullinchone, situate on load mountain; consideration $1. /'..-.  Wednesday, September 2nd.���������George H. Keefer to M. C.  Monaghan, an undivided A- interest in the Muldoon, the  south/extension of the Royal Canadian; consideration $1.  M. C. Monaghan to-George H. Keefer, an undivided-^interest in the Mayflower, the south extension of. the Muldoon; consideration $1. James M. Buxton to Wilson D. K. '  Bridges, ������ interest in tlie Dollio, situate near the Royal  Canadian"; consideration $200.' F. J. Fulton, administrator  of estate of John T. Pettus, to H. F. Keefer, h interest in  the Wild Cat, situate k mile southwest of the Poorman;  consideration ������500.  AT AINSWORTH,   HOT  SPRINGS   DISTRICT.  Thursday, August 27th.���������The, Lone Hand, situate about  1. mile west of Kootenay lake and about 1 mile north of  Lendrum creek; Thomas Scant in locator. The Ridge, situate about 1 mile west of the head of Kootenay lake and  about 1 mile north of Lendrurn creek; Thomas Scanlin locator.  Saturday, August 29th.���������The Little Rustier, situate on  the west side of Crawford's bay, about 100 feet southeast of  Cockle ...brothers' preemption claim; R. H. Kemp locator.  The Silver Band, situate about Ih iniles west of Kootenay  lake and.about h a mile north of Coffee creek, running  parallel with and adjoining the north sideline of the Baun-  reagh ; Julius Langon, Thomas Martin, ancl Thomas Wall  locators. The Minnie, situate about 2 miles west of Kootenay lake and about k a mile south of Cedar creek and being  a southerly extension of the Gallagher; R. M. Covington  and H. McUougail locators.  Monday,'August 31st.���������The Little Dave, situate about 1  mile west, of Kootenay lake on Cedar creek and being a  southerly extension of the Kootenay Warrior; J. A. Melville locator.  Tuesday, September 1st.���������The Clifton, situate about 10  miles Avest of Kootenay lake and about 2 miles north of the  north branch of Kaslo'creek and about H- miles southeast  of the Beaver: Thomas .Shearer locator, lhe Afternoon,  situate about 10 iniles west of Kootenay lake and about 2  miles north of the north branch of Kaslo creek and about  } of a mile west of the Clifton; Thomas Shearer locator.  Tlie Good Luck, situate about 12 miles west of Kootenay  lake on the head waters of: Schroder creek and about h a  mile southeast of the White Heather; Thomas Shearer  locator. The Mountain Goat, situate about 8 miles west  of Kootenay lake on the head of the south branch of Schroder creek and about 200 feet south of the Tip Top; Ed Bray  locator. The Blue .Rook, situate about 8 miles west of  Kootenay lake on the head of the south branch of Schroder  creek, running parallel with and adjoining the east side  line of the White [leather; William- Lynch, Ed Bray, M.  R. Luther, L. B. Luther, John Watson, J. A. Whittier, and  L. Riser locators.  Wednesday, September 2nd.���������The Montyuma, situate  about 8 miles west of Kootenay lake on Galena creek, about  1. mile west of the south branch of Kaslo creek; T. F. McLeod, Charles Rossiter, and .John Sandon locators. The  Mexico, situate about 8 miles west of Kootenay lake on  Galena creek, about 1 mile west of the south branch of  Kaslo creek and being a southeasterly extension of the  Montyuma; Ed Becker locator. The May Flower, situate  about 7 miles west of Kootenay lake and about 2 miles  north of the north branch of Kaslo creek, being a northwesterly extension of tlie Gem; George T. Kane locator.  BILLS  OK SALE.  Tuesday, August 25th.��������� Lorenzo Alexander to Thomas  Martin and Thomas Wall, an undivided ������ interest in the  Baunreagh,  situate   on   Coffee   creek;   consideration   ������1.  Lorenzo Alexander to Julius Lanzon, an undivided & interest in the Baunreagh, situate on Coffee creek; consideration ������>1. ���������'���������.���������:��������� c  Saturday, August 29th.���������Thomas Martin, Thomas Wall,  and Julius Lanzon to H. B. Alexander, tin undivided h interest in the Baunreagh, situate on Coffee creek; consideration $225. Thomas Martin, Thomas Wall, and Julius  Lanzon to H. B. Alexander, a full interest in the Silver  Band, situate on Coffee creek, adjoining the Baunreagh;  consideration $225.  Monday, August 31st.���������N. A. Parent to George Baillod  an undivided \ interest in the A j ax, situate on Woodberry  creek, about 1 mile west of Kootenay lake; consideration  $500. Frank W. Flint to David Bremner an undivided ������  interest in the Snowbank, situate about 4 miles -west'of  Kootenay lake, near the Skyline; consideration $190.  Wednesday, September 2nd.���������Thomas Shoareiyto Bridget  McCune, a full interest in the Good Luck, situate about 12  miles west of Kootenay lake on the headwaters of Schroder  creek; consideration, $1. Thomas Shearer to Louis Riser,  an undivided h interest in the Snowbank, situate about 4  miles west of Kootenay lake, near the Skyline; consid-  . eration $1.' ;        ' _��������� \. _��������� ' - .������������������'���������-..-  /Looming  Bin/as  a  prospective/GJ.oId  Field.  Nicaragua'is looming up as a prospective gold  field.    Soine  very   large nuggets  have  recently  been found, it is reported, in the quarter ot Grenada, including one unearthed by a soldier and  which weighed 18 pounds. In the early years of  the Spanish occupation of Central America, a  great deal of gold was gleaned from many localities in that interesting section of our hemisphere. With the completion of the canal  through Nicaragua, it may be safely anticipated  that no small extent of mineral wealth will be  developed and exploited in that quarter. We  must aduiit, however, that we should like to see  so vital and vast a commercial and engineering  enterprise in tlie hands of men of far greater  professional and business experienced reputations than have been and are charged at present,  with the location and construction of this canal.  The  Best Paying.. Gold'Mine.  The Mount Morgan Gold Mining Company of  Australia is the largest .gold .mine in the world  at the .present time. Its product for the half  yea?- ended with the 31st of May, 1891, aggregated $1,880,000 at an expense of less than $550,-  000. Moreover, the dividends paid for the period  aggregated $1,70,000, or more than 66 per cent  of the-product, which, we must say, is a better  achievement than is shown in the yearly reports  of any American gold mine that we can recall at  present. The output for the halt year in question was less than that of the first half of the  fiscal year by 22,921 ounces. This mine has now  produced 844,374 ounces of gold.  ified  TaneisJiB.  The widow of an English army officer went to  the pension office for the purpose of drawing her  pension. She presented the usual -certificate of  the clergyman of her village to the effect that  she was still alive.  "This certificate is not right," said the official.  "What is the matter with it?"  "Because it bears the date July 21st, and your  pension was due July 15th."  "What kind of a certificate do you want?"  "We must have a certificate that you were  alive on the 15th day of July. Of what use is  this one that says you were alive on the 21st of  July?"  NOTARY PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCING.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled  on commission.    Conveyancing documents drawn up.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:,  No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0/  Henry Anderson,  Notary Public.  John L. Retallack :  Anderson & Retalack,  Real Estate and Mining Brokers,  Conveyancers, Etc.  Crown Grants  obtained for Mineral Claims.  Agents  lor Absentee Claim  Owners.  Collections Made.  ^Correspondence .Solicited.  Oflice in Townsite oflice, Sutton street, Ainsworth, B. C.  amber, ihynne, and Henshaw,  Real Estate, Mining Brokers,  AND  Insurance Agents.  Water' Street,  VANCOUVER.  West Baker Street,  tfELSOK.  Brokers,  Corner SSaker and Stanley Streets,  NELSON,   B. C.  IISTVESTMEISTTS  FOR NON-RESIDENTS A  SPECIALTY.  SSTS    COLLECTED DEKTS    COLLECTED  MHIM������UI&������M������MW������^^  wimm&smmREmemiima&8smm&BMmBi8mBissfm  TSKmmKinmsmimKaiSBBi^^ms^^^^smxsssmwBsmiarKmssaBKsmir^^smsisasssm,  T^stsBSKmsmsssssmmifwBBgrmKffKsmBS. 8  THE MWm-.    NELSON,   B.C..   SATUEDAY,   SEPTEMBER 5,   1891.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON,  B.C.  H.   &;-'T;-   MADDEN  Proprietors.  - The Madden is Centrally Located,  with  a frontage  towards   Kootenay river, and  is newly  fiirnished throughout.  '   '_L' JE3I- .Mi ,     'J_'   A. -IB  J���������j jE  .  is supplied  with everything, in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision, of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE BAR !S STOCKED WITH THE BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  ���������ff'KLSO.V, .B. C.  PROPRIETOR.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  THE  TABLE  arc,comfortable in size and       is  acknowledged   the  best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  THE   ZB_^IR  is stocked  with  the  best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  East BSaker Street,  Nelson,  Is one of the best hotels in Toad Mountain district,  and is tlie headquarters for prospectors and  working miners.  The Table is not Surpassed by that of any Hotel  in the Kootenay Lake country.  At the Bar is Dispensed Pine Liquors and Cigars,  and the bed -rooms are newly -furnished.  JJftALONE   &   TEtflStilLLUS   PKOPIIIETOIES  TRAIL,  R. C.  TOPPING & HANNA........... Proprietors  Good   Table ; Good&eds ; 2Iyas-���������lose liquors.  THE   .LOATHSOME . CIGARETTES.  While the opium habit, which is steadily increasing in this country, and the absinthe habit,  which has long held sway in France, have been  dealing out disease and death to the educated  and enlightened, as well as the illiterate and degraded, a worse evil has taken  a tirm hold on  humanity, and now outdoes its older rivals as a  rnental and physical destroyer.    This new foe to  humanity is the cigarette habit.    It sprung frorn  a harmless practice, common among the Latin  races',.,of. rolling- cigarettes of pure tobacco, but  has  degenerated  to  a  practice  of ��������� making-'all .  kinds of vile and poisonous mixtures into manufactured cigarettes.    Not only are these little  < packages   made  of   rotton   tobacco   and   other,  weeds steeped in nicotine, but the disease-breeding "gutter-snipes1' are gathered up in cities and  made into cigarettes for men, women, and children   to smoke, and   inhale.    The opium   habit  being prohibited  by law, must' be practiced in  secret to prevent  detection,  and  the  absinthe-  habiLalso has many drawbacks that keep it beyond the reach of the young men -who are most  /prone to the evil effects of these vices, but the  cigarette habit is open to all, and young and old  alike������can. indulge excessively and unrestrainedly  in this seductive evil, wrecking mind and body  and   making frail, puny imbeciles ont of what  nature intended for healthy  men  and women.  At best it  is injurious to inhale tobacco, but to  inhale a mixtiu-e of half-rotten   tobacco   taken  from gutters and cesspools and then  made into  cigarettes, is simply suicidal. -.'Cigarette fiends  usually inhale, and this  vile decoction is thus  drawn into the throat and lungs of the smokers,  implanting disease that will impair if not  destroy -the,health of those addicted to this pernicious practice.    There should be a .law requiring cigarette dealers to take out a special license,  and that license should be made expensive.   Another clause in the law should prohibit cigarette  smoking in public  places, and  another should  prohibit the sale of cigarettes that are made of  anything  but   pure  fresh tobacco   and rice   or  cane' paper.  The  WorM's  Fair 15msiding*  Sfieiiig'%-Vitere<I.  Changes  were made recently in   the interior  plans   of   the   manufacturers'   building  of   the  World's fair which add 10 acres to the-floor of  the building and give it 40 acres available for exhibits and avenues, making the largest exposition building ever constructed. The music hall  and shoe leather building are forced out by the  new arrangement to other parts of the ground.  The change was the result of a protest by vice-  president De Young of the national commission,  who demonstrated that under the previous ar-  rangement there would be barely room for foreign- exhibits, thus completely shutting out  American ���������manufacturers. The proposition of  m. Eiffel of Paris to erect a tower at the exposition vvas definitely rejected. An American,  company, W. E. Hale, it is said, submit .more  acceptable plans.  'IBALFOUR,   BE. C.  FLINT & GALLOP, Proprietors.  The BALFOUR commands a fine view of the Outlet and  Lake, and will bo kept second to no hotel in  Hot Springs district.  Balfour is easily accessible to the mines in  Hot' Springs  district,'and*is in the center of a large area of mineral country not yet prospected.    It is also  within easy distance of the Kootenay  Lake and Pilot Bay sawmills.  BALFOUR, B. C.  Wholesale, Retail,  and   Commission Merchant,  Dry Goods and Groceries.  FIVE PER  CENT DISCOUNT  will be allowed on all retail CASH purchases, of over $5,  on any line of goods.    Liberal discounts on CASH  wholesale orders.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IN NELSON.  Tlie International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE   TABLEf  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  a     A share of transient trade solicited.  ED  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS,       'f  I *a &a#a  PROPRIETORS  HOTEL  KAST   VEKKO:V   STKEET,   iVEAK. MALJL.  THE GRAND  WILL  BE  CONDUCTED  IN  GOOD STYLE  AND AS  IT FRONTS ON THE OUTLET  IT IS ONE OF THE  BEST SITUATED HOTELS IN NELSON.  THE DINING-ROOM IS NOT  SURPASSED  BY THAT OF ANY HOTEL ON THE LAKE  AND THE BAR WILL  ALWAYS   BE   STOCKED   WITH   CHOICE  LIQUORS AND CIGARS.  HANSEN' &"BLOMBERG,  PROPRIETORS.  ������:  The   Pinest  Hotel in  Toad   Mountain  District."  Corner West Baker and Ward Streets.  .VKLSOtf, n. c.  JOHNSO  PROPRIETORS.  The Silver King is a new building and furnished with new  furniture from kitchen to attic.   The table will not  be equalled by any hotel in Nelson.  ;i^3^^!^^  mmtmsfizmsmssmmmiBm THE  MINEB:    NELSON,  B. C,   SATURDAY,  SEPTEMBEK 5,  1891.  rapidly growing  MINING; DISTRICT, pr  investment.0   The townsite  terms a limited number of  being the center  an unrivaled  proprietors are  of the well-  field for business  now prepared to  residence lots.   For  HOT SPRINGS  and speculative  sell on reasonable  particulars apply to  ^.<3-"E3'N"a?,  STDHTTOUST   STZEtlEDUT  ^iin-s^o^t-hc, :b_ c.  HOW    I   TOOK    II. M-.-S.   JIIAJESTI���������    I.VTO  .ACTION.  The following extract; is, from a cleverly-conceived account of a fight between two modern  ironclads. The author is mr. H. O. Arnold-  Forster. Originally published in Murray's Magazine it met with so much favor that it has been  reissued by CasseU & Go. War breaking out  with a naval power the Majestic is ordered  a off to the Mediterranean, and falls in one morning with an enemy's ship:  It was just after 7 bells" in  the morning watch  that the look-out man  on  the top signalled a  vessel hull   down on  the  port   bow.    It  was a  ���������-fairly bright  morning, and the distance, as far  as we could calculate, between ourselves and the  vesselin question was about 12 iniles.   Whoever  the stranger might prove to be, there was little  necessity for any extra precaution on board the  Majestic.      Throughout   the   night  the   watertight doors had  been closed; all-movable bulkheads  and  unnecessary  fittings   had   long  ago  been  removed and stowed.    Every  man knew  his  station,   and   there   was   not   the  slightest  occasion to hurry the men over their breakfast;  the only difficulty w7as to keep them from their  fighting stations, or from any point from which  a* view of the stranger could  be'obtained.    In a  very   few   minutes   it   became   apparent  that,  whether friend or foe, the new comer was heading directly for us.   -Ourorders were not to seek  an engagement; in this case it was evident that  we should scarcely have an opportunity of refusing one, provided  that we held our course,  and that it   was an   enemy's ship that  was  in  sight.    We  were   not long in doubt upon  this  head.    In less than 10 minutes not only the form  but   the   colors of  the-stranger became clearly  apparent, and the colors   were those  which  it  was   our duty at any cost to lower.    The ship  itself was as familiar to me as the flag which she  bore.    In these days, when photography and an  elaborate professional literature have recorded  the  form  and  peculiarity  of   every important  ship-of-war afloat,  it would have been strange "  had I not recognized the formidable lines of the  antagonist with which we were so soon to be in  conflict.    I requested lieutenant Mannering  to  communicate my orders with regard to laying  the 2 heavy guns in the forward turret, and a  general 'instruction* was passed to the guns in  the  battery  to  reserve  their fire   until   special  orders were received from me.   By this time the  ships  were within 2000 yards of each other, the  enemy about 2 points on our port bow.    Again  I saw the bright flash spring from her sides, and  in a moment  it was followed by a shock which  shook   the Majestic from  stem" to   stern.    This  time there was no error in the aim, and the steel  shot  had  struck the ship on  the thick plating  abaft    the    turret.      Subsequent   examination  showed a scar 6 inches deep; but the blow had  been a slanting one, and the projectile flew off  at an angle, and passed into the sea astern of us.  The time had come to give as good as we got.  We were not near enough as yet to allow of the  guns   being successfully laid by my direction,  and I passed the word down to bring both the  turret guns to bear upon the enemy, and to fire  as soon as she came on the sights.    With a roar  and   with   a crash   which  shook  the  tower  in  which I stood, the���������'-monster guns  spoke  their  first word in war.   Neither in.the conning tower  nor on  the upper deck could the result of the  shot be seen, but the signalman in the top gave  ; us the welcome news that one shot at any rate  had gone home.    The guns'crews immediately  commenced reloading, and looking through the  slit in the tower I watched with intense anxiety  the course of the enemy.   There was a discharge  from   her decks, and in  an  instant there burst  forth  in front of my face, in all appearance..on  the very bow of the Majectic, a sheet of flame,  followed by a crack like the rending of the thundercloud.    At  the  same, moment,   with  a  din  such as I had never heard in such close proximity', the broken fragments of the bursting shell  beat down   upon   deck,   on   turret, on  conning  tower.    The destruction was instantaneous, and  and    within   a  certain   area  it   was   complete.  Stanchions,  bollards, bulwarks���������the deck itself  ���������were ripped and torn like so much paper; but  the solid face of  the turret held   its own   with  ease,  and the muzzles  of the guns, to my  immense satisfaction, remained untouched.   A second shot was more disastrous, striking the battery on  the port side about   half-way down its  length;   it   passed   through   the   iron   skin   as  through  a gossamer, and  bursting against the  after bulkhead, spread ruin and death through  the  crowded  space.    Never  had   a single  shot  worked   more   havoc,   never  did    men   recover  themselves under such a stress with such coolness and bravery as did the survivors in the battery of the Majestic.    I had deep reason to congratulate * myself upon   the order which  I  had  previously given,   that   the guns' crews on the  ..starboard-side should go below until their guns  could actually be brought to bear.    But for this  order the carnage would have been terribly increased.    Meanwhile my gunners were not idle,  and the great guns had again tried the thickness  of   the  enemies  sides,   this  time   firing  chilled  shell, which  proved  by  their detonations   that  they had found an obstacle.  It was now the crisis of the battle, fori saw  the enemy rapidly changing course, and, porting  her  helm,   made  a  circuit   which   would   soon  bring    her    broad   on   our   port   beam.     Two  courses  were open  to me: one was to hold on,  to accept the encounter' and  run  past at  close  quarter's,  exchanging fire  on   the   beam; but a  moment's consideration convinced me that to do  so would  be to favor the manceuver which my  adversary had commenced, and which I had anticipated'from the outset.    I knew the ���������turning  circle of my ship to a yard, and in an instant  I  determined  what. do.    The two ships were now  in   a   blaze  from   stem  to  stern,  the   tops,  the  .superstructure, and  the  batteries   in   sheets of  flame; my  own   fire,   alas!   diminished   by   the  fatal sheli which had played such   havoc in  my  main   battery.    Suddenly I saw that  the time  had come.    The enemy was already heading in  towards  us,   and  in  another moment  his starboard guns would have opened upon  us.    Suddenly I gave the order- "starboard, hard-a-star-  board."    The   order   was   executed   as   soon   as  given, and the splendid ship, answering to the  helm, came round with a swift, steady rush that  made my heart leap for joy.    We were within  300 yards,  and  with   our starboard  bow   pre  sented to the enemy we rapidly approached to  an even  closer and  more .'perilous   range.    The  fire from the tops and superstructure had now  slackened, for we  had  realized   with sorrowful  certainty the truth which modern warfare has  revealed'to 'us, that no exposed crew can  live  under the close fire of machine-guns.    The loss  on either side had  been terrific for so short an  engagement, and mere physical inability to load  and  work'the'guns had for a time caused  the  fire to slacken.    It was not my intention  that  the  ship  should complete  the  half-circle,   and*  suddenly porting the helm I bore down diagonally on the starboard quarter of the enemy.  The  ship, whose course had been in the shape of an  S,  was now completing her  second half-circle,  and   the   guns  trained   over   the   beam   were  still bearing  upon   the  enemy  as she steamed  away from  us.    The starboard battery was re-  manned,   and  on   both, sides   the    firing    was  renewed'., with"great- vigor, though with diminished accuracy which told that the  loss of the  leading  men  in  the guns'crews and  the '.fierce-  stress of the fight had  produced  their natural  consequences.    Suddenly, amidst the din of the  firing and easily distinguishable above the thunder* of the  guns, came   the ''report of  a  fierce,  rapid  explosion, followed  by an  instantaneous  cessation of the enemy's fire.    It was impossible  to see what   had  taken place,  but  the fact remained   beyond  doubt, and   I   instantly  determined to avail myself of it.    It had been my intention to have kept my course at right angles  to the enemy for a time, so that  I might steam  out of torpedo range, and again take up an end-  on position.    But this idea was instantly abandoned.    Once -more   the helm   was put hard-a-  port. and once more the Majestic circled round:  on the further side of her -adversary.    In a moment firing was renewed, and the enemy, to my  ''surprise, came gradully round to port, as though  about to cross my bows..    It is a source of unfailing thankfulness to me to remember that at  this, crisis or* the battle  my mind was cool and  collected, and my judgment  perfectly-clear.    I  turned to the lieutenant, and   bade  him  transmit   my orders  through   the  ship.    The order's  were simple.    "Lay both guns ahead, full speed  and prepare to ram."    I stood with the steering-  wheel .in  my hand,  watching every movement  of the enemy; for a freshening breeze now carried  the smoke swiftly away.    It  was  evident  that-  something   of   serious   importance   had   taken  'place; her speed was diminished, for the'inter-.'  val between tlie ships decreased much more rapidly than the lateral distance.     I was .convinced'  that for a  time at any rate  my adversary had  lost control  over his ship.    We were now separated  by a distance of less  than 300 yards, and  still  the same apparent indecision  marked the  movement' of   the   enemy,   who   was   moving  slowly with almost a full broadside presented to  us, and somewhat on our starboard   bow.    Suddenly she appeared lo.gather full  way, and  her  head began to come in slightly towards us.   But  it was  too late; the time had come.    I  moved  my hand and the officer by my side flashed my  will to   the great  turret  guns.    On   both  sides  there was a roar and a crash.: the thunder'of the  tornado with the shock of the earthquake.    So  much I can recollect, but next few moments remain a blank on my memory.    I was stunned,  w  ggji^^ 10  THE   MINER:    NELSON,   B.   G.i SATURDAY,   SEPTEMBER  5,   1891,  but the loss of consciousness was only for a few  instants. I recovered to find myself leaning  against what had an instant before been the  wall of the conning tower, but which now was  but a fragment of the wreck with which everything around me seemed (~)vervvhelmed.  The view, which had hitherto  been obscured  by the low roof of the tower, was now open, for  not only had the roof gone, but a huge piece of  the solid wall of the to wer itsel f had been eaugh t  by the impact of the great steel shot, and now  lay   in   bent  fragments and  huge slabs on  the  iron deck below.    Of the 3who, a  moment before/had stood together' in the tower, I was. the  only   survivor.     My   signalman,   crushed   and  mangled 'by.the debris of the armor, lay in front  of   me.    By   my side my lieutenant:   had   sunk  down dead, his breast pierced by a single fragment of the flying metal.    I '-raised  my hand to  "my eyes to  brush away the   mist   which  I felt  gathering upon them, and I found that my face  was streaming wit h blood ;������������������ but while reason was  left to rhe^ it could only be .'.concentrated on one,  thought and  one object; that   which  lay before',  me.    Swept, and  shattered "by'the. point-blank  discharge ()f the terrible artillery to which she  had   been   exposed,  the Majestic still   held  her  course,   and   her- course   was   that   on   which   I  launched her1.    On either side the last   bolt was  sped, and   the  gun   had   had its final   word;   a,  ;greater power was now to give its decision, and  from that decision  there was no appeal.    Those  .who attach any value tocthe 'humdrum division  of time and distance by the ordinary standards  of arithmetic and the clock face will doubtless  be .'able to calculate for their own-satisfaction ���������'  that; the period occupied in traversing 250yards  at a speed of 20 iniles an hour' is to  be reckoned  in seconds only, and   that the "briefness of  the  allotted time gives  no scope for the operations  of the mind.    Those who have ever stood in such  a,   position  as"I stood in at   that   moment   Will  laugh at  these dogmatic: calculations, and  will  know  as   I   know,  that each second, and   each  portion of a second, is pregnant  with its keen  and separate consciousness. The time, so heavily  laden   with  the weight  of  the  unknown  result;  which  it   was about  to produce, crept   heavily  along.    But the end came at  last.    To the last  moment, from the high deck.'and superstructure  of the enemy, the fire from the. machine'guns  Was maintained with a'certain degree of-energy.  Our opponent lay between   us and the southern  sun, and I can at this moment remember the instant when the bow of the Majestic entered the  shadow she cast upon the water.    Then with a  deep, grinding,  terrible crash,  the  ram  did its  work.1 We had struck, the enemy about 50 feet  ���������from   her   bow,   and   the  slight change   in   her  direction   made the  blow a  slanting one.    The  Majestic shivered from stem to stern, and I could  actually see the  ironwork  on  the  bow ripping  and splintering as it forced its way into the opposing side.    But it was not there that the fatal  wound   had been   given.     Far   underneath  the  water-line the protruding ram"'had struck a. blow  from   which   no human  power  could  save   the  victim.    For a moment all was still, save for the  sound of the stretching and rending of the'ironc;c  then suddenly, with-a steady but certain .heave', ���������  the great ship seemed to bow down towards, us.  I watched her for a moment;   long enough  to  see the surface of the deck as it showed up with  the heel of the ship, and then I knew no more.  The strain was over-, my work  was done, and it  was not till a month later that I opened my eyes  in Haslar hospital and came back once more to  the land of the living.  Why  France Has  Powerful Enemies.  At the present moment Europe presents a  spectacle, that is well intended to impress our  'philosophy, for one single rial ion seems to serve  as the point of hatred of all other great European nations. A power only recently overwhelmed with disasters is at this moment bitterly envied by peoples round about her. Is it  because her- army and navy, so carefully and  slowly raised, have become so strong that they  are' feared by the great powers? I. think so; I  believe this is one of the reasons why the triple  alliance is made against this country. The combinations now preparing are dictated by a. desire  to reduce and cripple the republic. This is why,  not very long ago, that Germany wove about  France a web" that was to make her- humble at  the propitious moment. One day the web was  broken. Russia refused to remain in the alliance, and in her place was put Italy.  Germany would like to see an agglomeration  of all monarchies proclaimed against the French  republic. It would like to see a holy alliance of  majesties against dame Liberty. This prograni  is a superior necessity, a principle of social order,  the only guarantee that kings and emperors may  still remain in Europe. This is why that, no  matter which way she turns; no matter to which  point of the old world she looks, France sees so  many enemies. Fear impels alliance against  the republic. Germany is afraid that France  will profit by the first continental war which  occurs to reclaim Alsace and Lorraine. Austria,  is afraid that .Russia, will extend her domination  into the Slavonic principalities along the .Danube. The king of Italy is afraid of revolution if  democracy continues iriFrance, arid these 3 .fears  form the base of the triple alliance, which is a  mutual insurance pact that guarantees to the  German emperor the status quo oil the Rhine,  to the -emperor- of Ausfro-Hungary the status  quo, on the Danube, to the king of Italy the  status quo monarchal.  There is a fourth status,quo which  the future  also,threatens, that of the Mediterranean.   Eng-������  land wants  her"boats' on   this sea so as to insure  herself   against   accident   to    Egypt,   Cyprus,  Malta,   and   Gibraltar.     This   is   why   England  must see  to it that  the ironclads of   Italy are  never bothered  by those/of the republic.    Thus  von   see  that   there   is considerable   hope  of  a  quadruple   alliance   at   the    present    moment.  Four  great, powers  against  "la belle  France,"  and  Englishmen  forever boasting "about-being  "friends of fair* play.  AND     :'";���������;.   .'  I GALS  CHOICE TOILETABTIOLES  ..���������'���������'   ��������� AND   " ������������������ ":   "..  PATENT MEDICINES  o' ������������������-       ���������'  .' ��������� ��������� ��������� ��������� ' -     ���������  ���������'��������� ,-���������'  "���������,  ������������������������������������;��������� ,.''"'    ;   'AT-"   ' /".-;.'   _   . '     ,A   ',  Dr. Arthur's Medical Hall  Corner StanSe.y  and   Rlutl'  Streets.  Ninety Miles an  Hour.  A mile in 39 4-5 seconds, or- at the rate of 90  miles per hour, is the fastest run ever made by  a railroad train. This unparalleled feat was accomplished, on August 27th, in New Jersey, on  the Bound Brook road between Neshaminy Falls  and Langhorn,' by engine No. 208, drawing .2,  ordinary coaches and a. private car*. The fastest  10 miles was made at an average of 45 seconds  per mile.  A Specially Tine Assortment of Flavoring Essences  XIEST   STOCK.  Co.  DEALERS  IN  CHEMICALS.  PATENT MEDICINES,  Jas. McDonald & Go.  kelson and   BteveLstolke,  carry full lines of all kinds'of furniture for residences,  hotels, and offices.   Mattresses made to-order, and.  at prices lower than eastern and coast.  They are also agents for ,  Evans Pianos and Doherty Organs.��������� j PIQNEE  w>3  WHOLESALE-  ���������ilEALBKS-'-v-IX'    ���������ff������AS������S.       KA������SIO.\fi>  ...SEWI.V������    MA���������HWES   Stf ���������'STOCkI        -  0or. East Baker and Ward Streets.  ������  ijuJlV  TORE,  NELSON   STORE : *  No. 4 Eaouslon *$i'liik Building, Josephine Street.  AIXSWORTflB,   B.'���������.  THE]  Kootenay Safe Deposit Co.  3sr^ii-.soisr3 :b_ o_  Transacts a private banking business;  Allows interest at best rates on amounts of $1 upwards ;  Receives articles for safe keeping.  GENERAL  AGENCY'  London & Lancashire Life Insurance Company,  . ,,_,-,,.������������ Sir Donald A. Smith, chairman.  A *B 14j i^ *J ��������� &'j9  Occident Insurance Company of North America,  ������15 a week, ������3000 on death, for 25 cents a day;  The celebrated Taylor safes.  4WBlBSa������:Sl������Oi\B>ENTS  Vancouver���������The Bank of British North America;  Spokane Falls���������The Bank of Spokane Falls.  ���������11 AS. E. TA������IiOlt, Manager.  Drugs and Medicines, Wall Paper, Paints andkOils,  Tobacco and Cigars, Fishing Tackle,     -  Stationery, etc  '^M.  John Houston.  Houston & Ink  Charles H. Ink.  r    ���������'.    '  BUY  AND SELL  Town Lots and  Mineral  Claims,  L'L  PIONEER  PAINTER  AND   DECORATOR.  Address :   Nelson Hotel.  ?  Plasterers and Bricklayers  Will Contract for all Kinds of Work.  Materials furnished and estimates given on application.  Agents for the sale of LIML.  Address all communications to Nelson, B. L.  .'...-   ������N  ���������4*ftBi?l  Have now for sale 2 of the best hotels in Nelson ; choice  Baker street corner and Vernon street inside lots; lots in  Ainsworth; and mineral claims in Toad Mountain district.  Ollice  in   SJsiier 15 wilding,   ESafcer Street.  Physician, Surgeon, and Accoucheur,  Office:   Stanley Street.  Barrister at  Law,   Solicitor,   Notary  Public, Etc.  Office, Victoria street, Kamloops, B. C.  3  (A. M. Can. Soc. C. E.)  CIVIL ENGINEER AND ARCHITECT,  TOLSO.V   KSJBSJ>IN������.  .NELSON, 15. IK THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   SEPTEMBEB  5,   1891.  11  Wright Street,  AINSWORTH  ;':^:-'WngKt Street,  AINSWORTH.  IDE^-ILIEIE^S   IIN"  Miners' Supplies, Iron and Steely S^  Dry G-oods, Clothing, Men's Furnishings, Etc., Etc,  CTsT     "R      Having bought the stock and book debts of the late firm of E. S. WILSON & CO., all parties having outstanding accounts  are requested to call and settle them as soon as possible.  THE    WAYS. OF    WOMEN.  The average woman stays in the house on  pleasant days and visits 23 stores in an afternoon when the wind's speed has to he taken  with a.-lightning..' rod. She will rail for 25 years  against, the barbarous fashion of boring the ears  and then she will bore hoIKs in her earlobes with  a darning needle if there is a ghost of a chance  of getting a pair of diamond -ear-rings.- She will  take 2 hour's to dress and run hack into the house  3 times if "she is going over- to Minnie's to spend  the afternoon ; and the next day, when she has  a sudden chance to go to San Francisco, she will  pack a tooth-brush and her purse'in. her* pocket,  button  her cloak and gloves on the street,-and  heat the station ������ of an hour ahead of the train.  She spills coifee on  the   clean table  cloth  and  smiles sweetly���������when   there   is  company;   and  then she glares like a healt hy demon if William  Henry lays the carving knife on the table when  they are alone.    She carefully mends  a rent a  quarter of an   inch long in  her gloves, and goes  for days with a.tear 2 feet long in her petticoat.  She will  put seal-skin   buttons -on a plush coat,  and expects the whole world to believe that it is  real fur.    She can hold 47 pins in her mouth and  give an order  to the grocery  boy that   will till  the market basket anoMihe milk pail.  She laughs  hecairse the Smith girls wear old-fashioned bonnets, and cries because she knows of some poor  hoy who cannot afford, a. winter' overcoat.    She  will arrange a silk scarf over a  picture frame  until a man's  eye  will  bulge out  with admiration, hut she can't, fie a^plain Ordinary necktie  to save her 1 ife...   She wi 11 wa 1 k 11 p s t r e e t i n the  rain to save a sti-eet car fare, a-nd  then she will  give a quarter of a dollarto the lirst, beggar she  meets.    She will   gOA over  every .carpet   in   the  house with a damp'- cloth  and   brush arid  then  go down street, with a   black  spot* on her- nose.  She will give a good course of lectures upon the  history, general appearance,  and people of the  Roman empire, and then  she would get lost if  she tried  to go a  mile and  a half without an  escort.    She will read an essay on our inhuman  treatment of the red  men, and  then  she  locks  the door if she sees a sassafras vender coming in  at the side gate.    She will fry beefsteak and expect the man of her choice to eat it.    She  is altogether a- loveable creature, and she knows it.  Dud Over a Fickle diirJU  The details of a strange story have just come  to light from the Welsh settlement of what is  known as the "Black Road" district, near Be-  vier, Missouri. The settlement is composed of  miners who work in the coal mines there, nearly  all of them being Welshmen. T^he story is as  follows: One of the handsomest girls in the  "Black Road" is Martha. Lightfoot. She is not  only handsome, but fickle, and had all the young,  men of the district at her feet. Two of the  brawmiest young miners of the district, Ab.Tones  and James Carmichael, were devoted suitors,  and rumor gave first one and then the other the  place of honor. Matters ran along in this way  for some time, Martha being impartial in her  smiles and apparently giving encouragement to  both. At the same time she had numerous  other suitors on her string. A crisis finally  came one night when the  miners were congre  gated in a bar-room in  the village.  Jones  ���������ft��������� ������v������^ proclaimed to his friends assembled that he was the  accepted suitor of Martha Lightfoot, and would  soon lead her to the church. Garmichael was  present, and at once denounced the statement as  a lie. He said that he, himself, had received the  troth; of the girl, and she would marry him or no  /one. Hot words followed, and a fight was prevented by friends, and it was decided that the  girl should be called upon to explain the situa-  ation. The men and their friends went to the  Lightfoot house and called for the girl to come  forth. The girl was disposed to postpone the  .mat ter, but 'was, told that she must decide at  once which."of the two men she intended to  marry. She; looked first at one and then the  other* and burstin tears, saying that it was impossible to make her choice. Her' father tried to  influence her, but he was rudely hushed by the  suitors. As the girl would make no choice the  young men decided to fight a duel for a bride.  The details were simple, and what is probably  the strangest duel ever fought was contested  that night. The moon was shining,.-brightly as  the combatants--stood in the center of a large  ring formed by all the inhabitants of the district, who had assembled to see the contest. The  men were armed with breaking hammers such  as are used in coal mines. Science and great  physical strength were combined and blows  were delivered and parried wit h lightning-like  rapidity. For half an hour the battle raged,  when by some chance each received a crushing  blow on the head at the same instant and both  sank to the ground. Jones was dead within 15  minutes and Carmichael lingered until the next  day, when he, too, died.  Men With Tails.  A discoverywhich will undoubtedly prove of  immense interest to ethnologists has been made  at a little hamlet of Sinaloa, Mexico, within the  past few days, while breaking around for a large  coffee plantation which is being established by  an   English   syndicate.     The   find   consists  of  thousands of skeletons, either of large apes or  prehistoric human  beings of a very low order-.  If the remains are of apes, they were of a gigantic size, and of a. variety no longer extant, while,  if they are of men, the men were provided with  distinct caudal appendages, very thick and short  and curled, up like a squirrel's.    That  they are  the  skeletons  of  apes  can   hardly be doubted,  judging from the arms, which reach nearly half  a foot'below  the knee, and the thumbs, which  are   also   abnormally   long   and   curved,   with  exceedingly   sharp   and    powerful   nails.    The  feet,   too,   show  that   they   were   intended   for  climbing rather1 than walking, and are also provided with claws and prehensile toes of unusual  length.    It is probable that the large number of  skeletons found is due to a battle between  two  bands of the animals having taken place at this  spot, which is further* evidenced by the number  of broken skulls and other bones among them,  and the fact that several skeletons were found  clinched   in  a   deadly   embrace.    No  weapons,  however,   were discovered,   but as these  were  probably  of  wood   they  have  perished  in   the  eourse.vof time.   The work of searching for other-  remains still goes  on,   every  hour seeing hundreds of more detatched fragments or occasionally whole skeletons unearthed.    It is estimated  that over 400 entire ones have already been dis  interred. A few of the most perfect have been  sent to the British museum, and others will be  presented to the Smithsonian institute by the  owners of.'the land.  EELANDS   BROS.  . .    .  o ���������_  i ��������� *     * -.  Landscape Photographers,  WEST BAKER STREET, NELSON.  Views of Nelson and all the most interesting1 scenery in  British Columbia.  Dealers   in   Steel   Engravings,   Etchings,   Photogravures, Archotypes, etc.  Picture Mats ancl all kinds of Framing done to order.  DELL  &TSQU1RE,  NELSON, B. C.  are now settled in their new store, No. 2 Houston & Ink  building, and have on display a full range of  Plain and Pancy Worsted Suitings and' Scotch and  Irish Tweeds and Serges.  UPIRIOIES TO  SUIT TZEIIE TXOVEIEis  To the Merchants of the  of the Kootenay Lake Country, and others whom  it may Concern and Interest:  My stock of sample goods, consisting of the following-  lines, is now open for inspection, and 1 am prepared to receive orders for any amount. Fine clothing"of all sorts,  (under-and over-), boots, hats, (over 100 different,'including men's, boys', and girls'), towels, ties, braces, blankets,  carpets, mats, needles, thread, cotton, buttons, etc.  Prices will be quoted to merchants f. o. b.'at the nearest  wharf, thus saving them all trouble with custom or freight  agents, and so forth. Special inducements for cash payments on large orders. Call and see the stock before  ordering your fall supplies, and 1 think you will be pleased.  A small stock also on sale to retail customers.  CHAULES-WESTLY  BUSK,  Balfour, B. C.      .  The Kootenay Smelting and Trading  Syndicate, Limited, of Eevelstoke, B.C.  arc" prepared-to sample and purchase  all kinds of  Gold, Silver, and Lead  Prices and all information furnished on application.  J. CAMPBELL, manager.  Ho! for the Lardeaux!  The steam launch MIDGE will leave Ainsworth every  Wednesday morning for the Lardeaux during the summer.  T. J. DAVIES, captain.  Ainsworth, B.C., July 13th, 1891. 12  THE  MI1TBE:    ffELSOtfA B.   C,   SATUEDAY,   SEPTEMBEE 5,   1891.  sale fjrocer  _uor iieaier5  ' Furnishings and Sporting G^oods.  AGENT  FOR  GURNEY &  OO.'S  STOVES  AND  SRAM   WALKER  &  SONS'  WHSSKiES.  eets  am Street, Revelstoke, E.G.  ���������SiW'AttJ/   i\U������'������ETS'   OF ;x\SSWS.  Part of the street improving work has be^n awarded to  W. O. McLean and Alfred Bunker, the latter getting the  clearing and the former the grading and bridge-building.  The Galena was laid up 2 days this week, owing to one of  the rudders getting out of kelt'er. She will resume her'regular trips on Monday, and will hereafter run into Pilot  Bay on both the down and up trips.  The wire of ��������� the. telephone company is now strung between Ainsworth and Buchanan's sawmill, and with be  through to Nelson by tlie 20th. Ains'woi-th'.is already connected .with the leading mines in Hot Springs district as  Nelson is with those on Toad mountain.  Tho Canadian Pacific has sold several small tracts of  land lying on the outlet below Balfour. Among the pur-:  chasers are T. G. Proctor and Gr.Laird. The latter will try  orcharding, as C. W. Busk has demonstrated that-fruit can  be grown in tlie lake country. Mr. Procter will try gen-  oral farming.  Goodwin Ford, superintendent of the Western and Pacific divisions of the Dominion Express Company, with  headquarters at'Winnipeg, was in Nelson today. Here-  ~p*>vt* iha people of Manitoba and the Northwest Territories jubilant over tlie crop prospects. More than half the  grain is already harvested, the yield being not only large,  5nit little damaged from frost. "������������������ ��������� ���������  The latest sales of Nelson real estate were the east -V of  lot H and lot 4 in block 7 (45 feet), by E. K. Atherton to W.  J. Boaven and Richard G. Harvey, for $1400, and lot 12  block 11  (50 feet), .by It. McLeod Cameron to E. Apple-  . whaitc, for $3500. ' ���������  At one place in southern California the noise made by  trains can be heard for 20..miles, the transmission of sound  being attributed to an underground river. -Herein West  ivpotenay district we also have peculiar -sounds transmitted long distances by tlie passage of trains over the Columbia & Kootenay. But the cause of the sounds is 'well  known���������they can only be attributed to sharp curves.  A. S. Far well has surveyed the Sunrise for a crown  grant. The Sunrise is a Toad mountain claim and is adjacent to the Kootenay Bonanza; it is owned by E. Demp'sie  of Spokane Falls. . '  Tlie Stadacona Silver-Copper Mining Company is having  a road surveyed between the Grizzly Bear and the first  switchback on the Nelson and Toad mountain road. The  distance will be about--3 iniles and the grade not a heavy  one.   A. S. Far well is making the survey.      .  ��������� When completed, the upper story of the new Hume building on Vernon street will be.used for a hall. It will be  24 x GO with a'13-foot ceiling.,  , Facts are facts. Women are more extravagant in dress  than men. While one merchant tailoring establishment  is all that is required to dress well the entire male population of tlie Kootenay Lake country, it takes no less than 3  dressmaking estixblishments to make the women of Nelson  alone appear presentable.  Letters similar to the following are   pleasant reading*-.  these dull times:    "Alma, Wisconsin, August Sth.-^-To the  Kditor-of The Miner:   Enclosed find our draft on Chicago  for $4, to pay our subscription for one year. We have interests in the Kootenay district, and know of no better  way to keep posted than to read Til*: Min'er. Yours truly,  Hunner & Ginzkey." These gentlemen are bankers, and  this country is a pretty good one fpr bankers to .make  investments in.  The carpenters and plasterers are almost through work  on the no\v Phair hotel, and it will be ready for "business  by October 1,5th, if not before. Mr. Phair is reported in  Winnipeg making purchases of furniture and supplies.  Bush fires are burning hi all directions and the air is  smoke-lciden. Although no damage is yet reported, the  citizens of Nelson had to turn out and light a fire that  started on the "Hoover" addition, it being dangerously  near the buildings oil Silica and Bluff streets. ������������������������������������'";  ���������-W. G-csncr Al Ian returned to Nelson on Monday niglit  from fa 2-months visit to the coast, going as far south as  'Frisco. He reports - the coast cities quiet, Sa*i Francisco  being the only place showing evidences,of- business activity. Mr. Allan returns to the coast next week-to make arrangements for establishing a new business venture at  -. Nelson.  . J.  Fred Hume came in from .Revelstoke'by Monday's  train.    He confirms'tlie recent reports of a brighter-out-'  " look for the towns and mining districts in.the upper part  of the district. a " -.-.--.'  There are no i\o\v developments in the railway-agent robbery case.    The robber was evidently an old hand at the  -business, and in all probability will evade arrest.  Two .well-known Baker street business men are discussing the preliminaries for a new venture. One .has a bear,  ; the other an owl. They think assort of combined menagerie  and wild west show would pay. It would if one of the  combine could talk as fluently,and'copiously in explaining  the strong points of his animal wonders as he docs when  discussing social questions in Tni<: Mixer sanctum, with,  feet cocked up on the editorial table.  Odell & Squire, merchant tailors, .have just opened a full  line of fall and win ter worsted and Scotch suitings and  West-of-England trouserings.  '"Very fifcicift."  A  Seattle  paper says:    ''Mining expert J. F.  Hardee has just  returned-to  Seattle from   the  Ainsworth mining* district in the Kootenay country, British Columbia. According to mr. Hardee, the mines in Ainsworth district, are. very  rich. Take the mine called Number One, the  veins are wide, the ore is lead-silver, and it runs  from $100 to $5000 per ton. Then there is the  Blue Bell mine, which is very rich. In addition  to this there, are other" mines which are very.'  rich. In fact,.it is the richest district; I have  ^eon for manv a day. They are surveying a site  for a smelter, but the ores 'are .now' .sent to  Helena or to Great Falls  to   be reduced.    The  miners are so confident there about the value  i of their holdings t hat they will hot bond their  | property. It must be a spot cash transaction  a  with them or nosale."  $<il ii  iiimil.VMiiilvy for {L;i?>ori������g������������������.Men."-.   . eA  Reports from the Groat'Northern are not."such  as "to en con rage, laboring' men to seek that section as -a- -field, of opera! ion. The rate ofe wages  prevailing- is $2 a day, $5.50 a week being charged  for board. After deducting board, hospital fees,  poll-tax, ami',of her. charges, the men have little  coming to them at the end of the first month,  Void they leave in large numbers. In the construction towns, like Lake Creek, Crossport, and  Bonner's Ferry, are hundreds of burns and  Thugs, who are disappointed at not being able  to live oil' t he earnings of laborers. The mining  camps inthe Coeur d'Alene conn try are also reported overrun with idle men, men thrown out  of employment 'by the closing down of the great  smelting works ai Anaconda, Montana. Times  may be just a "-trifle dull in I he. towns in inland  British Columbia, but they are not overrun with  idle"men and the vicious element.  A Strnmc-v So  he Thoroughly Overhauled.  .The'.new steamer Columbia is so badly disabled t hat her owners have thought it best to  ���������haul-her up.on the ways at Revelstoke and put  her in thorough; repair. New keelsons and hog-  chains will be put in, and the hull'otherwise-  strengthened. She will not be repaired in time  to get her .down to'Ihe lower ri ver this fall, and  the Lytton will be run between Robson and Little Dalles as long as practicable this winter.  The steamboat company again ask our merchants to order- i heir -winter, stocks as early as  possible, on account of the stage of water in the  Columbia below Revelstoke being.much less now  than at this time last year. The Nelson will  continue to run on the Bonner's Ferry route.'  .SBsirersii^' jt'vuni ������-5ae Same' ���������<maylainJ;.  Judging from''".the-'columns of their ' papers,  the boom town in the adjoining state of Washington are suffering from the same complaint  that is epidemic in British Columbia towns like  Kamloops and Revelstoke���������a surfeit of dullness.  I  &W������  in -       ���������* -

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