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The Miner Sep 26, 1891

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Array />'  ���������/���������-  ��������������������������� i'  ���������BsaaasA^srii-  "/  ���������&f3f"f  Only Paper  Printed  in the  Kootenay Xake Mining: -Districts.  For Kates  or Subscription and  Advertising.''  See Fourth Page;  HUMBEK 66.  NELSON,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  SEPTEMBER   26,   1891.  U A YEAR.  ANOTHER. -DAIEINC!    JKOBISERY.  Nelson is a sort of a paradise for bold highwaymen. Scarcely a month lias elapsed since  the agent of the .railway company was held up  for over a thousand dollars, and, although tlie  provincial government has offered a reward of  $1000 for the apprehension of the robber, no  trace of the party .'-or parties who committed the  crime is yet reported.-' ^Another daring robbery  wasi committed tonight. H. M. Foster being held  v  up for $207 in money and his watch and chain.  Mr. Foster states that he called at the Tecuniseh  , house about 9 o'clock to see mr. Robson, who  ''happened to be sitting there. A few minutes  afterwards he stepped out to the water-closet,  and had hardly got the door open when someone  clapped a hand over his mouth and someone else  seized both his hands and tied them behind his  back. His mouth-was then stuffed with'paper.  He was lifted up and placed in such a position  on the seat of the closet that he could make no  resistance when his poe" ets .were1 being rifled.  After the robbers escaped he -managed to work  the paper from his mouth and gave the alarm,'  the manager of the hotel coming to his assistance. His hands \vere bleeding, having been  tied with wire. He could give no definite description of his assailants, and the chances are  they will escape arrest.  Stampede  to Slocan  Lake.  Last week Eli Carpenter and Jack Seaton returned from" a trip westward from  Kaslo creek,  having located on the west slope of the  mountain   some  galena  ledges.    Assays  of  the ores  from these ledges gave ������������������results varying -from 125  to.175 ounces of silver to the ton.   Quarlzgangue  with hut little mineral, in sight yielded about 65  ounces.    On Monday last Eli Carpenter and E.  A. Bielenberg of Ainsworth quietly packed up  their blankets and left for the Slocan river, by  way of Nelson.    On Monday night about 8 boats  and probably-20 miners slipped away under the  guidance of Jack Sea-ton and took  the opposite  route via Kaslo creek-    As there is a little fresh  snow on the divide between Kootenay and Slocan   lakes, some of the boys will have a chance  to  "see the elephant" before they return.    The  rush reminds one of the early days in Cariboo  when   a   new   creek   was   struck   in   the   placer  regions.    No doubt can now he felt that  an exceedingly   rich   belt  of galena  and copper .ores  exists in the mountains between the Slocan and  Kootenav lakes.  lias Faith in Ta-ail Creek.  D. C. Corbin, president of the Spokane Northern railway, spends a great deal of time investigating the mineral districts tributary to his road  and is greatly interested in the outlook of those  districts. His visit to the Trail creek mines substantiated the reports that he had received from  experts sent by him to make similar investigations. He says there is not a shadow of a doubt  concerning the quantity of mineral in the Trail  Creek camp, for the ledges are numerous and  large, and the only possible doubt is as to the  quality of the ore. But mr. Corbin is satisfied  that there is mineral in such abundance that the  grade of ore, though low in many properties,  will be a small obstacle in the way of the progress of the camp. "I have had frequent assays  made," said mr. Corbin to a Spokane Review  reporter, ''not handfulls of ore, but sacks of it,  and I am convinced that that district is bound  to be one of the largest mineral camps in the  northwest when sufficient development work  has been done.^   Sale of Town JLots at Kaslo City.  The owners of the preemption at the mouth of  Kaslo creek, about 12 miles north of Ainsworth,  have decided that there is more money in selling  town lots than in raising farm produce. To that  end, a townsite has been laid out, and lots are  now on the market.  The site is said to be a good  one, and on the only harbor on the west side Of  the lake. On Sunday last an excursion party of  intending lot purchasers went up from Ains-  worfh, and before their return were dined,  wined, and -allowed the pick of the choice lots on  the main street. Since then lots have been sold  to Andv Jardine 4, S. W. Hall 2, A. -St61 berg 2,  D. McPhail 2, Devlin & McKay '4, mrs. C. C.  Adams 3, Green Bros. 12, mrs"; Schroder2, Frank  Hughes 9, A. Fletcher 3, William McCauiiffe 6,  Archie Jardine 2, James Bell 1, Joe Fletcher 2,  A. D. Wheeler 2, T. C. Wells 3, Henry Cody 3,  Bridget McOue 2, Robert.'.-Covington 3, Thomas  Shaw 2, Murdock Morrison 4, J. J. Fitzpa trick  4, John Burns 2, A. W. Palmer 1, William Gibson 2, T. J. Lendrum 2; a total of 89 lots, bring-,  ing the snug sum of $4550.  Racking l<p ."���������The  Miner's" Suggestion.  It is not often that the Colonist of Victoria  and The Miner agree on political questions,  but the following editorial shows that the Colonist is backing up The Miner's suggestion that  our own John Andrew Mara be appointed, lieutenant-governor to succeed Hugh Nelson:  "As the expiration of'lieutenant-governor Nelson's term is approaching, people are naturally  'wondering-; who is to be his successor. Several  gentlemen have been named���������some eligible and  some ineligible, some possible and ..spine impossible. Among those spoken of is mr. Mara, the  energetic and capable member of the, house of  commons for the Yale-Kootenay district. It  seems a pity to take mr. Mara from the position  he fills so well, but the general opinion is that,  if he will accept the governorship, he is fully en-  tit led to it, and that t here are few publie men in  the province who could perform the duties of the  position so judiciously and so genially. He is a  good business man and has an'extensive knowledge of public affairs; besides, his -manner and  disposition are such as to make him exceedingly  popular wherever he is known. If mr. Mara is  to be the 'man, his appointment will be'most acceptable to the people of the province, and he  will, no doubt, make an excellent governor."  Rushing Work on a Railway.  Macleod   (Alberta) Gazette,   17th.     "Grading  on the Calgary &  Edmonton railway .is'being  pushed   rapidly  forward  south   from  Mosquito  creek. Grading outfits are strung out from  Mosquito creek to a point opposite the Leavings  of Willow creek, about 28 miles from Macleod.  The contractors are at work in the following  order: Mann has the first work this side of  Mosquito creek. The others follow in this order:  Carl in & Lake, Keith, Smith, Madigan, Laid-  law, Schultz, and McKrimmon, with, sub-contractors between. The grading will be completed to the Leavings in a few days, and in  about 10 days all the camps will be shifted for  the last stretch to Macleod. It is expected, that  grading will be finished to the bank of the Old  Man's river, in about four weeks. The rails have  been laid to Sheep creek, where track laying  must await the completion of the bridge. High  rivet1 once passed the track layers will have  plain sailing until Willow creek is reached. The  rails are laid at the rate of about 2 miles a day,  and there should therefore be no difficulty in  reaching Macleod in ample time before we have  any heavy frost. It is believed that the grade  at least will be up to the north bank of the river  this fall.  Have a  &ood  Opinion of Their Claims.  The boys who own claims on Schroder creek  believe that they have  good  things.    W. W.  Sprague, T. C. Wells, H. Cody, and John  Thompson have one on which they have a 4-foot  ledge exposed for 200 feet. The ore is galena  and carbonates, the galena assaying $48 in silver  and 69 per cent lead. One of the owners said,  when speaking of the ground, "Why, 'if .we had  that claim in Hot Springs district it would sell  readily for $40,000."  .''SUMMARY   ������F   MSMSii    NEWS.  There is nothing new to chronicle from Toad  '���������������������������-.mountain.-    The Dandy is reported as looking  very well, and the crosscut in the Silver King is  said  to be  in Ore, although not of  very  high  ;.grade'.    At the Grizzly Bear the usual amount  of work was done during the  week.     Several  sales are reported, but not of claims likely to be  developed  into  mines.    The Poorman mill on  Eagle creek has been running off and on for 2  or 3 weeks on ore that -was extracted last year,  and the mill on the Whitewater on Rover creek  continues to turn out from $50 to $75 a day  in gold  bullion.    '.Keefer and Monaghan  are at  '.���������work on the Muldoon. The owners of the William Wallace, happy in the belief that ''the  world is theirs," are doing nothing more than  exhibiting  specimens   of ore  from   that   claim.  "���������'.Professor Parks has made a second visit to the  Gallop-Procter claims to the south of Balfour,  which 'makes the owners think there is something in them. Prospectors are coming in.fro.m-,  the hills, and it is evident that the tail end of  the season of 1891 is fast drawing nigh.  Electric  Mining Appliances.  Great interest has been manifested at Montreal in the new Edison 'electric appliances, exhibited at the electrical exposition. The most  striking of these is the electric precussion drill  which will bore at the rate of three.'-inches, per  minute in the hardest granite. It requires, but  little power to operate, arid  can  be worked any  distance from "the-..dynamo to a. limit of three  miles. The drill;is very simple in construction,  having no moving parts except the plunger and  nothing that will be affected by moisture. This  device, it is said by experts, will completely revolutionize mining work. The next in importance is the diamond prospecting core drill designed for locating niineral deposits. It will bore  150 feet into the earth, bringing out a specimen  of the mineral, for the purpose of-determining-  its'.value. Some have likened this drill to the  ���������mythical "divining rod," which'was supposed to  indicate the location of minerals; .the Edison  drill, .certainly resembles such an invaluable  instrument. Aside from these are exhibited  electric coal drills, electric hoists, electric  fans, and electric pumps, showing that Edison has turned his attention in earnest to mining work, and many are'expecting marvelous  results from this branch of electricity in the  near future.  Success of a JVew Smelting Process.  The new smelting process at Toston, Montana,  has been watched '"with considerable interest by  inining men.    It is that of smelting pyritic ores,  where iron  pyrites are  used as flux instead of  lead ores.    Experiments have demonstrated the  success of the new method and.it". is claimed  that the expense of reducing ores will not exceed $2 pei* ton. It is claimed that only 100  pounds'of coke is required to reduce one ton of  ore;-or, in other words, one ton of coke will  smelt 20 tons of ore. It is also claimed that, the  new .process will, in a great measure, do away  with concentrating, ores carrying a small percentage of metal being easily treated. It has  been successfully tested in the Black Hills, Dakota. A new smelter was recently started at  Deadwood, and 16 minutes after the blast was  turned'on molten ore began flowing at the rate  of 150 tons per" day. The company is and will  continue operating the pyritic process. The process has never before been operated on a large  scale in the United States. The first 24 hours  demonstrated its absolute success.  Metal  Quotations.  On Thursday last bar silver was quoted at 97������  cents an ounce in New York, copper at $12.40 a  hundredweight, and lead at $4.52^.  <V-:0:."'.\V-jL-5 *���������*���������'-" >:--"-" "������������������' *.*n.*-.'. 2  THE MINEK:    KELSON,  B.C.,   SATUEDAY, SEPTEMBER 26,  1891.  NELSON SAWMILL CO  Yard:   At end of Flume in Melson.  Mill:   Two Miles South of Nelson.  Manufacture  OLDINGS,  Tlie mill is now in thorough order  And Will Cut 20,000 Feet a Day.  Orders for special-size stuff will receive prompt  attention.  The. ������������������Kootenay- Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Lumber���������good, bad, and indifferent���������on  hand or made to order.  GL 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January loth.  MANUFACTURERS OF  OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.  ZPIRXOIE LIST  (DELIVERED  AT NELSON",   AINSWORTH,  OR   BALFOUR).  lIRHSSEn.  No. 1 flooring, 4 inch, per M   $32 00  No. 2        "        6 inch,   . "  27 00  . No. 1'ceiling, 4 inch,       "        32 00  No. 2        "       6 inch,       "  27 00  Rustic,                                 "        27 00  Select clear, Dl),             "  40 00  No. 1 common, D,            "        25 00  DD,          "      V  27 00  Bar and counter tops, clear, per foot   10  KOIJttH;  No. 1 common, per .M  ������20 00  No. 2    ���������'  "            "  15 00  Culls,                     "  12 00  Shingles,               "  4 50  MOLDISGS.  Bead, panel, crown, base, etc., etc., per foot 2������@10c  Mills at SBiIot Bay,. Kootenay Lake.  S. C. Spalding,   .   .   .    Manager  B. F. PEItRY, Agent at Nelson.  BREfiffltfER <& WATSON, Agents at Ains worth.  TREASURES, OF    EARTH'S   INTERIOR.  A scientific scheme of much importance has  been agitated in Washington recently. During  the last two congresses there have been a number of representatives and 2 or 3 senators who  have used their influence in favor of an appropriation for boring a hole in the earth- several  miles in depth. It has long been recognized that  an inconceivable amount of value in the shape  of precious metals and other mineral substances  is locked up out of reach beneath the crust of  this planet. All the riches dug out of it represent 'merely the most superficial and ineffective  scratching of the surface. Once render accessible the internal recesses of the sphere, and it is  plain that every human' being might be a thousand times a Monte Oristo.  Geologists are agreed that the interior' of the  earth is largely composed of metals.    Whereas  the  surface  matter of   the planet   weighs only  about 2h, times as much as water, it is known as  a fact that towards the center the average weight  of things is'*ll times that of water.    This is due  to the circumstance that0while this sublunary  orb   was cooling  and   condensing,   the   heavier  particles  sought  the   middle.     Therefore   it   is  probable that  the great mass of the sphere is  iron.    But there are other metals more heavy  than  iron, and these would .naturally form  an  accumulation ���������������������������immediately: about the center of  the globe.     Among  them  may  be.  mentioned  most importantly gold.   Geologist Gilbert of the  geological survey said he would rather expect to  find a vast accumulation of gold  at  that point  than anywhere else, his notion being that such  of the yellow metal as is found, on the surface of  the earth is only an accidental detritus.    However, t here a re 2 or 3 substances known   even  more weighty than gold, and cure of them is platinum, which has doubled in market value within  the last year or two, owing to the increased cost  of production.  So it is not unreasonable that certain members  of congress and other persons of keen judgment  should consider the advisability of boring a hole  in the earth' for the purpose of extracting some  of its metallic contents. For scientific purposes  a pit. has recently been sunk at Spelling, in Germany, to the depth of a mile. Unfortunately,  water has been struck, and no results which acid  very materially to human knowledge have thus  far been obtained. Another well has been driven  at Wheeling, West Virginia, as far* down as  three-quarters of a mile. It is dry, and the boring process is proceeding at the rate of about 10  feet a day. The management will be disgusted  if oil or something is not struck before the hole  comes out at the antipodes.  No really scientific person has been so foolish  as to imagine that possible results, commercially speaking, could be secured without digging  much further than this. Estimate is made that  at 20 miles from the surface of the earth every  known substance���������metals, rocks, and all���������becomes fused and liquid. Once let this point, be  reached, and naturally whatever is below must  spout up of its own accord, without, expense of  mining. Immediately the price of metals in the  market would be reduced to little or nothing,  and a new age would dawn upon civilization. It  has been suggested that such an artificial conduit would be, to all intents and purposes, a  volcano, but any dangers which it would otherwise threaten might be obviated easily by establishing the works'on an open prairie.  Twe New Harlem  River Bridge.  Work has been begun on the new bridge over  the Harlem river at. Seventh avenue, New York  city. It is estimated that the cost will be about  $1,250,000, the full amount appropriated by the  legislature. There is one draw span of 412 feet  in" length, giving a clear" water way of about 160  feet on either side of the central pier. It is estimated that this draw will weigh about 2400 tons,  and it will be operated by a 60 horse power  engine. It will be one of the heaviest draw  spans in the world. The stone work of the central pier is to be rock-faced ashlar- in 2-foot  courses, the copings being all cut stone. The  superstructure wilt be entirely of mild steel and  the floor of the bridge will be of the buckle plate  type covered with asphalt laid in bituminous  concrete. The width of the bridge will be 67  feet over all, 40 feet of which is devoted to a  roadway, with two 10-foot sidewalks on either  side. The length of the bridge proper will be  731 feet, and the approach 1740 making the total  length 2471 feet.  Canadian Pacific B^Hway  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  1ST CD   CGE3I^^3^rC3-ES_  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch arid lowest freight rates  Kootenay Lake Shippers will be consulting-  their   own  interests  ���������.���������'������������������'. by shippingj3yvtho;r;;:r  'The. Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  Steamer L'.YTTON  leaves Robson for Revelstoke on Tuesdays and Saturdays  on arrival of trains from Nelson, arid makesQclose  V connections at Revelstoke with trains for  VANCOUVER, ������ pnvcoisra?^^]^.^,  NEW WESTMINSTER, |l qt "^Std?"  VIOTOEIA, i losio^.G-o'  AND  ALL POINTS  EAST. '^  Por rates,  maps,, time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,  apply to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D.  E.  BROWN;  Gen'] Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'] Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg;, Manitoba. "Vancouver, B. C.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished oil time  SE-A.SOIsrE3ID   LTJMBBK  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables" etc.  '.',���������,.'.' Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  E J. M0WAT &:0p.,/  (Successors to R. J. Hilts & Co.)  Contractors and Builders,  SEASONED   LUMBEP  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Will contract to erect all kinds of buildings and guarantee  satisfaction.    Shop : corner Josephine and Bluff sts.  Landscape Photographers,  WEST BAKER STEEET, NELSON.  Views of Nelson and all the-most interesting scenery in  British Columbia-  Dealers   in   Steel   Engravings,    Etchings,    Photo-  G-ravures, Archotypes, etc.  Picture Mats and all kinds of Framing done to order.  Physician, Surgeon, and Accoucheur,  Office:   Stanley Street.  Barrister at   Law,   Solicitor,   Notary  Public, Etc,  Office, Victoria street, Kamloops, B. C.  (A. M. Can. Soc. C. E.)  CIVIL ENGINEER AMD AE0HITECT,  TO&SOtf   B&JIIiI>Ift'G NEI,S������N, BJ. ���������J.  ek?f THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  SEPTEMBEE 26,  1891.  George C. Hunt  J. Dover  Josephine Street,  Nelson, B.C.  Manufacturing Jewelers  for the Trade.  DIAMONDS  DEALERS IN   4  AND  ALL  FINE WATCHES  Carefully   Repaired    and , Satisfaction    <������ua'i*a:iit.ee<l^  and  All  Orders l>y Mail  Promptly '.'Attended to.  No. 1 Houston & Ink Building, Josephine Street.  Branch Store at Donald, B. 0.  (HLKER & WELL  Postolliee  Store,   Nelson,   IS.  ���������.  AND aENTS' FUENISHINC GOODS.  ALSO,  FULL LINES OF  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  CIGARS   AT   WHOLESALE    ONLY.  NELSON, B. C.  are now settled in their new store, No. 2 Houston & Ink  building, and have on display a full range of  Plain and Fancy Worsted Suitings and Scotch and  Irish Tweeds and Serges.  PRICES TO SUIT THE TIMES  BALFOUR, B. C\  Wholesale, Retail,  and   Commission  Merchant,  Dry Goods and Groceries.  FIVE PER CENT DISCOUNT  will be allowed on all retail  CASH purchases, of over $5,  on any line of goods.   Liberal discounts on CASH  wholesale orders.  PR������POSED   OBSERVATORY Off 'MOUNT   BLANC.  Particulars of the observatory which it is proposed to erect on Mount Blanc are given in the  Neue Zuricher Zeituner. It will be remembered  that last year M. JosephVallot erected an observatory and hut of refuge on Mount Blanc on  the Rocher des Bosses, 1312 feet from the summit of the mountains; but this undertaking is  now to be eclipsed by the construction of an observatory on the very summit of Mount; Blanc  (15,781 feet above sea level). The idea originated  with M. Janssen, who stayed on the mountain  some time last summer for the purpose of making meterological observations. In conjunction  with M. Eiffel, and with the support of M. Bis-  choff'sheim, prince Roland Bonaparte, and baron  Alfred de Rothschild, he has now elaborated a  plan which is as .daring1 as the Jungfrau railway  scheme.    The  observatory   is  to be entirely of  iron, and is to have a length of 85 feet and a  breadth of 20 feet.    The iron roof is to have the  spherical form of an ironclad  turret, which the  construction will much,'resemble.    The erection  of such a building on the highest point of Mount  Blanc naturally involves thorough preliminary  studies,  with  which  a Zurich  engineer experienced   in works  on   high   mountains  has   been  charged by M. Eiffel and M. Janssen.    In  the  first place, it is necessary that a firm foundation  should be found for the supports of the building  on the rock of the mountain.    For this purpose  a. horizontal gallery is to be driven through the  ice of the highest glacier until rock is met wich,  and by means of this gallery the formation and  position, of the rock buried beneath the ice and  snow are to  be ascertained and examined.    If  once this  has  been   accurately   determined,   a  structure is to be designed which will give to the  observatory a firm hold by iron pillars founded  in the rock.    It  is not stated how these pillars  are to  resist the movements of the ice.    The  question of how the heavy materials are to be  moved to the top of the mountain does not appear to give much concern, but, whatever method  is adopted, it will certainly prove laborious and  very costly.   More is thought. of the work of sur-  veying,   which   was to  have  been   commenced  this month.   Should the surveys prove the practicability of the plan, it  is intended to proceed  with the erection immediately.  Asphalt  and  Coal .ft.iist. Fuel.  The Southern Pacific Railroad Company has  long had a serious problem to consider in obtaining a proper and cheap fuel for its locomotives.  No lars:e bed of coal has ever been discovered in  California that could furnish a supply of proper  fuel sufficient for this company.    The coal now  used comes most from Vancouver Island, and is  brought to West Oakland, California, in steamers built especially for the trade, and from West  Oakland the coal is sent over the road. The  company has now turned its attention to the  manufacture of artificial fuel. A plant has been  purchased in England, for the manufacture of  an artificial fuel brick from coal dust and as-  phaltuiu with a capacity of 5 tons per hour. If  tins process is as successful as it has been in  Europe, it Will be an enormous saving for the  Southern Pacific company. The machinery will  be set up alongside of t he coal bunkers on Long  wharf and the coal bunkers will be utilized. The  outfit will cost in the neighborhood of $75,000.  Young  i'eoplc Should  fi&ave  Plenty of Sleep.  A  German  specialist,   dr.  Cold  has recently  pleaded for giving young people more sleep.    A  healthy  infant sleeps most of the time during  the first weeks; and, in early years, pe������opIe are  disposed to let children sleep as much as they  will. But from 6 to7, when school begins, there  is a complete change. At the age of 10 or 11,  the child sleeps only 8 or 9 hours, when he needs  at least 10 or 11, and as he grows older the time  of rest is shortened. Dr. Cold believes that, up  to 20, a youth needs 9 hours sleep and an adult  should have 8 or 9. With, insufficient sleep, the  nervous system, and brain especially, not resting  enough, and ceasing to work normally, we find  exhaustion, excitability, and intellectual disorders gradually taking the place of love of work,  general well-being, and the spirit of initiative.  -������������������*������.  ���������AND;  CHEMICALS  CHOICE TOILET AETICLES  '.-���������   V .   '���������   ;   AND,  PATENT MEDICINES  Dr. Arthur's Medical Hall  Corner Stanley aod  ItliifT Streets.  A Specially Pine Assortment of Flavoring Essences  XJST   STOCE.:  DEALERS  IN  CHEMICALS,  PATENT MEDICINES,  TOBLET ARTICLES,  ETC.  WHOLESALE     DEALERS     UN     CHiAKS.       MtAYMOlVBU  "'SEWING    MACHINES   IN   STOCK.  Oor, East Baker and Ward Streets.  (xEO. E. EL ELLIS, F. 0. S.  MINING   ENGINEER   AND   CHEMIST,  Author of "practical Organic Analysis," the "Iron Ores of  tho World," et\'.; export in the "Bluebird  Mining Suit" (Butte City);  NELSOtf,  52. C.  Will examine and report on, or superintend the develop-  ment of, mining properties in West Kootenay; ad-  G    vrises on the treatment of ores, and furnishes specifications of mining, milling, and smelting plants.  ASSAY CBIAB?������ES : Gold, silver, or load. $1.50 each.  Gold and silver, or lead and silver, $2. Copper, ������2.50.  Silver and copper, $3. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gold,  silver, and copper, $4:; and so on.  The Kootenay Smelting and Trading  Syndicate, Limited, of Eevelstoke, B. 0.  are prepared to sample and purchase  all kinds of  ,. Silver, and Lead  Prices and all information furnished on application.  J. CAMPBELL, manager.  Meals, 25c.  Table Board, $4 per Week.  Board and Lodging, $5 per Week.  APPLICATION   FOR   LIQUOR   LICENSE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty (30) days after date A  intend to apply to the gold commissioner of West Kootenay  district for a hotel and liquor license for Kaslo House,  Kaslo. GEORGE T. KANE.  Kaslo, B. C, September 17th, 1891.  u 1  THE   MlffEB:    NELSON,   B.C,  SATUEDAY,   SEPTEMBEE 26,  1891.  The i Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months $2.50, one year $4.  Contract, Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of $3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion arid 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9,words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Birth Notices free if weight of child is given; if  weight is not given $1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from f 1 to $10���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name.   Communications with'.such signatures  ���������as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas,"  "Citizen," etc.,  etc.,,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters :  The Miner, Nelson, B.C.  EIUITOStl A fl,   Bg-EtfJAKKS.  At Newport, Rhode Island, a fashionable seaside resort, this week there died a man who  uttered the following: " We (meaning the capi-  " talists) can control the workingtnao only so  "long as, he eats up today what he -'earns totiior-  " row." The man's name was William L. Scott  of Erie, Pennsylvania.- Mr. Scott was a coal  baron and railway operator who managed to accumulate a fortune, estimated at $30,000,000,  largely by compelling his \vorkmencto labor for  hand-to-iuouth wages. We have some of the  same class of capitalists in British Columbia;  but, unfortunately, they are enjoying goodhealth  and likely to live to a ripe old age.  Toronto Week: "Someone has said that there  -���������** is'.'iH) vice which so completely saps the foun-  ���������...'* dations of moral character as untruthfulness.  "Certainly there is scarcely another which is so  *' closely followed by its Nemesis.    The retribu-  .-" tion in this case seems to take the shape of a  ���������* blunting of the moral preceptions, resulting in  " a state in which the mind of the victim seems  *���������* incapable of distinguishing  between its recol-  " lections and its imaginings, or, in plainer Eng-  *Mish, between truth and falsehood.   Some such  . ** reflections as these arise  in the mind in view  '* of recent incidents in  the strange  history of  ** the ex-leader of the Irish Home Rule party  4i who but awhile ago was so autocratic amongst  *������������������- his followers, and whose skill and ability as a  *' leader and tactician were so much admired bv  *A many,  even of those Who had no, sympathy  " with  his political objects.    Mr. Parnell is no  .'" longer, we  suppose, sufficiently a power even  fi in   Irish   politics   to   entitle   his   speeches  or  "movements   to  special   newspaper comment.  *���������' Still, it  is   impossible  to  view without  some-  44 thing akin   to  pity,   as  well   as disgust,   the-  -1, spectacle of  this fallen leader   making state-.  " ments in public only to have them promptly  '* and distinctly denounced as gross falsehoods  "by men whose reputations for truthfulness are  '���������" above suspicion.    A'special glaring incident of  "this kind took place two or three weeks since  " at Kells, Ireland, where, in  a Sunday speech,  " mr. Parnell said that mr. Morley saw him nine  " days before the famous verdict, and, knowing  " how it  was going, urged   him   to   retain   the  ^leadership.    Further, that for nine days after  " the verdict,   he   remained in   the same  place  " where he had seen mr. Morley, but received no  " communication from him.    These allegations  " mr. Morley at once contradicted distinctly and  *' emphatically,  declaring that he never knew  rt mr. Parnell's address, and that, in spite of his  "repeated applications to  mr.  Parnell's secre-  " tary, he was unable, after the verdict, to com-  64 niunicate with him before the meeting in com-  ** mittee room No. 15.    Other statements made  <4by mr. Parnell in the same speech in reference  "' to mr. Gladstone and mr. Dillon met with the  a  a  u  *i  a  <��������� i  a  i i  a  n  4 I  c������  a  . t  ������<  i<  same prompt and absolute contradiction. Our  readers will remember that in the course of  the Times inyestigation mr. Parnell coolly admitted that he had on one occasion deliher-  ately lied in parliament from motives of pojiey.  We remarked at that time to the effect that  one who could thus unblushingly confess himself guilty of an act so base in the eyes of every  honorable man, was unworthy of public trust,  no matter how complete his innocence in regard to the affair under investigation. Parnell's whole subsequent course has justified  the inference, and proven to the world that  the whole fabric of the man's character has  been disintegrated and rotted by habitual  falsehood  ?>  Obnoxious Englishmen  in Australia.  The Contemporary Review : "I have never in  my life known anything more offensively insolent than the patronizing; tolerance which I have  seen a traveled Cocknev extend to a man of the  colonies who was worth a thousand of him. I  have seen an Englishman u n in ten tionally insult  a host at his own table and set everybody on  tenterhooks by his blundering assumption that  colonists are necessarily inferior to home-bred  people. Nobody likes that sort of thing. Nobody finds himself feeling more kindly to the  race which sends out that intolerable kind of  man. 'Met a little girl the other day,' says the  glass-eyed idiot, beaming fatuously round the  table. Little colonial girl, don't you know.  She'd read George Elliot. Never was more surprised in my life. And this to a company of  Australian ladies and gentlemen born and bred.  "This kind of person has his influence, and on  that ground he is to be regretted. The student  of men and manners finds him as good as meat  and drink; but we can't be Touchstones, and  perhaps, on the whole, it would be as well if he  were buried.  "Yet another and a still more potent factor is  found in the habit which prevails among English  fathers and guardians of sending out their incurable failures to the colonies. 'You shall have  one more chance, sir, and it will be the last. You  shall have a hundred pounds and your passage  to Australia. This is the last 1 shall 'do-for. you.  Now go. and never let me see your face again.'  So the whiskv-bitten vaurien goes out to Mel*  bourne, has an attack of delirium tremens aboard  ship, finds his alcoholic allowance thenceforward  stopped by the doctor's orders, swaggers his brief  hour on the block in Collins street, hangs about  the bars, cursing the colonies and all men and  things colonial in a loud and masterful voice, to  the great and natural contentment of the people  of the country, pawns his belongings bit by bit,  loafs in search of the eleemosynary half-crown  xw sixpence, and finally goes up country to b<*  loathed as a tenderfoot and to swell the statistics  of insanity and disease. The most loyal and  friendly of Australians resent this importation.  The uninstructed and untraveled native accepts  him as a pattern Englishman, and the satirical  prints help out that conclusion in his mind.  There is no signboard on the Australian continent indicating that rubbish of this sort may be  shot there, and the English tendency to throw  its waste in that direction has never been regarded in a friendly spirit. We give them our  convicts for a start, and now.we gift them with  our most dangerous incapables. They do not  like this, and will never be got to like it."  TZHTIE  Kootenay Safe Deposit Co.  Transacts a private banking business;  Allows interest at best rates on amounts of $1 upwards ;  Receives articles for safe keeping.  GENE SEAL AGENCY  London & Lancashire Life Insurance Company,  AGENCIES Sir Donald A. Smith, chairman.  Accident Insurance Company of North America,  $15 a week, $3000 on death, for 25 cents a day;  The celebrated Taylor safes.  CORRESPONDENTS  Vancouver���������The Bank of British North America;  Spokane Falls���������The Bank of Spokane Falls.  OMAS. E. TAILOR, Manager.  a  NOTARY PUBLIC.  EAL ESTATE AND MINES  COMVEYANGiNG.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission.   Conveyancing documents drawn up.  Correspondence solicited.,  Office:   So. 13 East Baker Street,V NELSON, B. 0.  Haniber, x^ynne, and HensLiaw,  Real Estate, Mining Brokers,  \ AND ������������������"     ., ;, ���������   ,7  Insurance Agents.  "Water Street,  VANCOUVER.  West Baker Street,  NELSON,  Brokers,  Corner  Baker and Stanley Streets,  .KELSON,   B. ���������.  I ZTsr^IE] STME^TTS  FOR  NON-RESIDENTS A  SPECIALTY.  KENTS    COLLECTS!*  DEISTS   COLLECTED  John Houston.  Charles H. Ink.  Houston & Ink,  BUY  AND SELL  Town Lots and  Mineral  Claims,  ���������ON   COMMISSION.  Have now for sale 2 of the best hotels in Nelson ; choice  Baker street corner and Vernon street inside lots; lots in  Ainsworth; and mineral claims in Toad Mountain district  OSSice in Miner SBnElding,  Nelson,  K. ���������.  lanos j  Jas. McDonald & Co.  Nelson  and  Btcveistolte,  carry full lines of all kinds of furniture for residences,  hotels, and offices.   Mattresses made to order, and  at prices lower than eastern and coast.  They are also agents for  Evans Pianos and Doherty Organs,  NELSON   STORE :  No. 4 Houston <Si Bnlv BSniIdling, .Josephine Street.  PIONEER,  PAINTER AND  DECORATOR.  Address :   Nelson Hotel.  Plasterers and Bricklayers  Will Contract for all Einds of Work.  Materials furnished  and estimates given on application.  Agents for tho sale of LIME.  Address all connmnnications to Nelson, B. C  ������r  M35 THE  MDTEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  SEPTEMBER 26,  1891.  Dealers in Diy G-oods^^  The stock is full and complete in eve^D  and compare Prices. . .'������������������'������������������'.���������  Main Street, BEZELS  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  THE    ASSAYING    OF    GOLD  AND  SIJLVEK    ORES.  The process of assaying" silver ores is based  upon the following considerations: Any compound of silver exposed to heat in the presence  of metallic lead or of oxide of lead and of a reducing agent gives up its silver in a metallic  state, and in practice an alloy of lead and silver  containing all the precious metal of the sample  of ore used is obtained.  The   ore   before   being   assayed   is   carefully  sampled, so as to represent an exact average, as  nearly as possible, of the mine, vein, "or.heap  from which it. is taken. It is next pounded in an  iron niortar and the process continued untilitis  finely pulverized. A sample is thus obtained  which is given to the assayer.  TThe nYst^o to weigh out the powder.  This must be doneon  a fairly delicate balance.  The quantity  used for an  assay depends  upon  the richness of the ore; it  is very usual  to base  the weighing upon what is known as the assay  ton,  a  weight of 29.166 grammes.    One milligramme bears the same proportion to the assay  ton that one troy ounce does to a  ton of 2000  pounds.     In   weighing,  duplicate  portions  are  weighed out representing from a fraction of one  to several assay tons, according to the richness  of the ore, and the operations are carried on in  duplicate throughout.    Each   sample  is   mixed  with from 8 to 16 parts of very pure, finely granulated lead, called "test lead," and a little borax  glass.    The  fusion   is  often   done directly in a  scorifier.    These are shallow clay cups about 2  inches and   2f   inches   in   width. ;��������� The  weighed  portion  of  ore with  the ..borax glass and lead  being placed in one of these cups, the whole is  introduced  into a hot clay retort known as a  muffle, which is heated in a muffle furnace.   The  heat is maintained at about 1600 degrees.    The  lead in the scorifier melts and the ore floats on  lop of it, along with  the   melted   borax glass.  Gradually the ore disappears, its metallic constituents entering the lead  and  its earthy constituents forming with the borax glass a fusible  slag.    As  a  constant  current   of air  is  drawn  through  the  muffle,  the lead  rapidly  oxidizes  and its oxide joins the slag, so that after a little  while only a small circle of metallic lead appears  in the center of the slag.    This circle is gradually encroached upon,  and eventualle the slag  covers over the bottom of metal, which at once  sinks to the bottom and the scorifying is ended.  After a little more heating the scorifier is withdrawn from the muffle and its melted charge is  poured out into a hemispherical depression   in  an iron pan, in which it rapidly cools.    When  cold, a few   blows  of the   hammer, the  charge  resting on  an anvil, knocks the slag off.    The  spheroidal lead button is then pounded   into a  roughly rectangular shape, and is ready for cu-  pellation.  The cupels are shallow cups of bone ash, about  1������ inches in height, 2\ inches in width, and f of  an inch in depth. They are made by hammering in a mould, a hammer and piston being used  to drive the material down into the cavity of  the mould and compact it. The cupel is first  heated in a muffle and the rectangular button is  placed in it.   It at once melts and begins to oxid-  ������  CD  ������  ������  r������4  o  ������  I������������������I  as  r-M  ������  T3  $3  !=J  .- O ;  1 1  i  0  -i���������i  EH  O  1  Pi  ������  (=1  o  o  ffl  >  ������������������d  GO  o  -1-3  Z/l  fcfl  ���������r-i  O  r  &  0  0  -1-3  B  CO  w  pq  03  hi  ������  +3  ���������r-<  CO  ������  ������  r���������*  Ph  o  CO  *&  0  ���������t-i  p-l  +3  w  P-l  r���������1  P3  i���������i  ������.  M  o  EH  ������  h3  CD  o  CD  CD  02  \>'  3'   3  Pi       ������0  CB O  O       a>'  ������  SO  crt-  ������  CD  V2  3  cc  CTQ  p*  o  3 ���������  O  c-t-  O  O  >-}  p..  CD  P  CD  CD  ...      _  CD  c-t*-  O  ize. As fast as the oxide of lead is formed, it  melts and is absorbed by the porous bone ash of  the cupel, as water is absorbed by a sponge.  This operation goes on until little more than the  silver is.left. Just at this point, as the last of  the oxide of lead disappears, a sudden flash of  rainbow colors passes across the surface of the  button, the "brightening" indicating the expulsion of the last of the lead. The silver button is  now allowed to cool, is removed by a pair of  pinchers from the cupel, and when cleaned and  weighed on an exceedingly sensitive balance.  Each milligramme of wejght represents an ounce  or definite-portion'of an ounce per ton of ore if  assay tons have been used. The balance used  for this weighing is one of the most sensitive  made, and can indicate the twentieth of a milligramme readily.  Should the ore contain gold, this is determined  by "parting." The button is fused with one or  two times its weight of pure silver. It is then  rolled out into a thin sheet, and is treated with  nitric acid. This dissolves the silver and leaves  behind the gold and any platinum or similar  metal which the ore may contain. This residue  is weighed and is reported as gold.  The weights used, from the gramme upward,  are usually made of brass. From 500 milligrammes down to 10 milligrammes they are  often made of platinum; the smaller weights  are of aluminum, the fractions of a milligramme  being made of wire bent so that the number of  sides in each bent wire indicates the number of  tenths of a milligramme which it represents.  There are, of course, many refinements and  modifications in the process which it is not necessary to summarize here. The assayer acquires  by practice so good a knowledge of ores that he  can properly proportion his charge from the appearance of the ore alone. A large number of  assays can be kept going at once, the scorifiers  andcuples being marked with numbers designating the sample for assaying which it is used.  'MONTANA'S   COPPER   OUTPUT.  Ten years ago Montana's copper output was  not felt in the market of the world. The great  copper properties at Butte were an unknown  quantity. But a decade has wrought a wonderful change. Today Montana leads every other  copper-producing state in the union in the output of the metal. The 5 leading states in its production are Montana with 98,222,444 pounds to  its credit; then comes Michigan with 87,425,765  pounds; New Mexico, with 3,687,147 pounds ^Arizona, with 35,586,195, and Colorado, with 1,110-  063 pounds. These are the figures given by the  census bulletin relating to copper production in  the United States for the year 1889. Last year's  output from this state was still larger. Heretofore Michigan was the leading producer, but  Montana captured the banner and leads the procession in the copper output as she leads every  other state in the production of silver.  A Capacious Storage. Vault.  The great treasury vault at Washington, built  not long ago, covers more than  one-quarter of  an acre, and is 12 feet deep.    In its interior there  is a cage of iron lattice-work, the  bars of which  are made of wrought iron, and which were riveted   together   with   red-hot   rivets   after ��������� the .  lattice-work was put up.   It took 1,000,000 rivets  to fasten the iron work  of this vault  together  and   the lattice  has  to be   very strong, as  the  silver is very heavy.    The amount of silver now  in   the   vault  weighs  over  3000  tons, and   you  could put these $90,000,000 on one side  of  the  scales and 35,000 men weighing 180 pounds on  the other side, and the silver would out-weigh  them.    It would take 175 freight cars to carry  this  silver to the sea. coast.    And still this is  only a small part of  the coin  in the treasury.  There is another vault whith contain;  more of silver and $26,000,000 in gold.  s $59,000,000  l&���������-i"e4>,-  .���������+ ������c������������������������ ��������� ������������������."������������������  ."I. Ti'TTrW"T���������i*,.ssr*if,,7'Bii::Viifr:-"'#"***���������Ji*���������������������������"������.*"*v vcm-^flsTS"? ���������������--mim+TTvwT/^r���������^'..-���������^'"^^^^l^'=^^���������J^���������"^^^^^ .' "���������* . i"' ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������pi ���������ii.'w-wi������������������ ���������   ii���������if ���������������������������������������������.��������� ������������������ t������-���������������  i    ii i ��������� . i.      .      . -   l3M^atWg������^MJM^Rl������tHaj-JIUUI������Jg-ajlBli������!ij'Hll������anB.v������i������..<iJii������ 6  THE  MlffEE:    NELSOK,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   SEPTEMBEK 26,  1891.  THE-  JLAST   OF   THE    ������REAT   EASTERN.  After 30 years' vain struggle against an adverse destiny, this leviathan steamship was  beached on the shores of the Mersey, in 1888, to  be broken up for old iron. The Grreat Eeastern  was planned by M. Brunei & Son, and built by  Scott Russell, to accomplish the voyage to the  east round the cape, without having to stop by  the way for coal, and was originally intended to  take some 3000 first, second, and third-class passengers, and a large cargo. Her length was 692  feet, her breadth S3 feet, and the depth of her  hold was 24 feet, and her registered tonnage  18,914 tons. She was fitted with both paddle  arid screw engines, carried 5 funnels, each 100  feet high, and had a coal bunker space of 10,000*  tons. She was built at Mill wall, and great difficulty was experienced in the launch, which occupied 3 months, and cost $300^000. The entire  original cost of the ship is stated to have been  $2,500,000.  In 1859 the mammoth steamship started on her  first trip to the United States, but had to put  J[>ack through the explosion of a steam pipe, by  which a  number of   persons  were  killed  and  injured.    The next year she reached New York,  and made -several trips across the Atlantic, but  the receipts were unequal to the enormous expenses.   In 1861 she was sold for a comparatively  small sum, and her new owners spent a large  sum in repairs, and she was utilized as a troop  ship, to fake the Guards to Canada, but it was  not until 1865 that her true vocatidn was consid-  7 ered to have been found, namely, to lay a telegraph cable between England and America.    In  this work she was occupied for a few years, an  jattempt being made in 1867 to utilize her as a  -passenger   steamer   between    New   York   and  j Havre during the Paris exhibition;  but when  r there'were no more cables to lay she w-as relegated to idleness and Sheerness, where cockney  "trippers" were admitted to view her interior at  ��������� a shilling a head7^ In 1886 the vessel was taken  over by a syndicete, and stationed in the Mersey  as a species of People's Palace of Amusement,  being subsequently transferred to Dublin. After  a brief visit to the Clyde, the (xreat Eastern was,  in 1888, sent on her last voyage to the Mersey,  where she was beached near New Ferry, on the  Cheshire shore, to be eventually handed over to  the dismantling hammer.    Even to the last her  ill fortune seemed to attend her, as during her  journey from the Clyde she encountered a gale,  during which the tug was  obliged to cast her  loose, while her own engines being stopped for a  short time, the great vessel became unmanageable, and for hours rolled about at the mercy of  the wind and waves.    On the weather moderating however, she was again taken in charge, and  finally towed by the tug Stormcock to her last  berth.    She was sold to the old iron  dealers in  1888 for $100,000, and since  that time a large  force of men has been engaged in knocking her  to pieces.  The Old Santa Fc Trail.  Thirty-five years af^er  Columbus  discovered  . this   continent  Alva Nunez   Cabeza   de   Vaca  sailed from Spain and landed in Florida, or in  the region now called by that name. From there  he made a wonderful overland journey to,the  City of Mexico.    On that journey a part of the  way he traversed a route which ever since has  found great favor with travelers to New Mexico.  There is a road 800 miles long, rising so imperceptibly for Over 600 miles of the distance as to  seem absolutely level, and without a single bridge  from end to end!    What wonderful tales that  road could tell���������of the bearded followers of De  Vaca, thin and  worn by privation and the fatigue of their long journey through a wilderness  until then pathless���������of the after settlement of  the neighborhood by the Spaniards���������of the coming of the hardy American pioneer, traders, soldiers, settlers, and last, but most important of  all, the railroad engineers.    Many an exploit of  soldiers, scout, and Indian warrior has that ancient trail witnessed.   Phil Kearny knew it well,  for had  he   not fought  over nearly its entire  length?   Kit Carson achieved much of his fame  in its vicinity, and in the early fifties F. X. Aubrey, a young man, made a famous ride against  time over the same route, from Santa Fe to Independence, Missouri.  A Shock From a Fair _ady.  She was in appearance a modest, refined-looking lady, but when she confronted the stamp  clerk at station J with the request for a P. D. Q.  stamp that serious-minded functionary was too  astonished to reply.-  "Will you let me have a P. D. Q. stamp?" repeated the woman, who seemed to think the  clerk was deaf, and therefore raised her voice so  that.it was heard all over the office. An inspiration seized him and he tendered a special-delivery stamp.    That was what she wanted.  TIMBER   LEASE   NOTICES.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to make'application'to the chief commissioner of lands and  works for permission to lease the following- described tracts  of land for lumbering purposes:   Commencing at a point,  across the Lardeaux river, opposite a post on the west side  where the trail and river meet, about 18 miles from the  mouth at Kootenay lake, thence south along the riverfrom  said point 2.miles more or less to the end of the timber,  thence east 20 chains more or less to the mountain, thence  north and west in a lawful manner along the side about 4  miles, thence .west 40 chains more or less to the river,  thence along the river 2 miles more or less to place of commencement.    Also  commencing  at a post  on the trail  about.| of a mile down the river from the first large creek,  called "Cascade creek," thence west 20 chains more or less  to the mountain, thence along the mountain north and  west, in a lawful manner, about 2������ miles/thence east 40  chains more or less to the river, thence south along the  river to place of commencement.   Also commencing at a  point 1 mile down the river from Cascade creek, thence  west 20 chains more or less to the mountain, thence south  40 chains, thence east 20 chains, thence south 20 chains,  thence east 20 chains more or less to the river,  thence  northeast along the river to place of commencement.  JOSHUA DAVIES.  Pilot Bay, August 21st, 1891. W. P. SAY WARD.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to lease the following tract of land for lumbering purposes: Commencing at a post near the Lardeaux  trail and north,line of Columbia & Kootenay railway block  on the Lardeaux river* thence east along said north line of  railway block (block 9) to G. O. Buchanan's limit, 80 chains  more or less, thence north 60 chains along G. O. Buchan  an's limit, thence west 80 chains more or less to trail and  mountain, thence south 60 chains more or less to place of  commencement. JOSHUA. DAVIES,  Pilot Bay, August 3rd, 1891. W. P. SAY.WARD.-'  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to make application to the chief commissioner of lands and  works for permission to lease the following tract of land  for lumbering purposes: Commencing at a post near a  small creek and the Lardeau trail, about ������ or $ of a mile  from the river, through the trail, thence west 40 chains,  more or less to the mountain, thence north 40 chains,  thence west 20 chains, thence north 40 chains more or less  to the river, thence along the river southeast to a point  due east from the starting point, thence west 40 chains  more or less to place of commencement.  JOSHUA DAVIES.  Pilot Bay, August 20th, 1891. W. P. SAY WARD.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to lease the following tract of land for lumbering purposes: Commencing at a point on the Lardeaux  trail, near mountain, 60 chains north of the north line of  the Columbia & Kootenay railway block No. 9, thence east  120 chains more or less to G. O. Buchanan's limit, thence  north 80 chains, thence west 20 chains, thence north 80  chains, thence west 20 chains, thence north 80 chains,  thence west 20 chains, thence north 80 chains, thence west  20 chains, thence north 80 chains, thence west 20 chains,  thence north 80 chains, thence west 20 chains, thence north  80 chains, thence west 120 chains, thence south 80 chains,  thence east 20 chains, thence south 80 chains, thence east 20  chains, thence south 80 chains, thence east 20 chains, thence  south 80 chains, thence east 20 chains, thence south 80  chains, thence east 20 chains, thence south 80 chains, thence  east 20 chains/ thence south 80 chains, thence east 120  chains to place of commencement containing 6000 acres  more or less. W. J. MACAULAY.  Nelson, B. C, July 20th, 1891.   Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase the the following tract of land for  lumbering purposes: Commencing at a post on Lardeaux  trail near Summit creek, thence south 160 chains, thence  west 80 chains, thence north 40 chains, thence west 80  chains, thence north 40 chains, thence west 80 chains,  thence north 3 miles to Lardeaux river, thence 3 miles  along bank of the river, thence south 2������ miles to place of  commencement; containing 7000 acres more or less.  Nelson, B. C, July 23rd, 1891. W. J. MACAULAY.  LAND   NOTICES.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for permission to purchase the following tract of land: Commencing at a post marked J. L. R., about 2 miles south of  Kaslo creek, Kootenay lake, and about 200 feet south of a  small creek there situate, thence west 40 chains, thence  north 40 chains, thence east 40 chains, thence south following the shores of the lake to the initial post; containing 320  acres more or less. JOHN L. RETALLACK.  Ainsworth, B. C, August 16th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  leave to purchase a tract of land as follows: Beginning  at a post marked N. W. corner post, on the west shore of  Kootenay lake about 8 miles south of the Lardeaux river,  and about ������ a mile north of the mouth of Schroder creek,  thence running south 40 chains, thence east to lake shore,  thence following lake shore to initial post; containing 160  acres more or less. JOHN A. WATSON,  Ainsworth,- August 18th, 1891.   JOHN A. WHITTIER.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase the following tract of land: Commencing at .:a\, post on the lake shore on the north side of  Schroder creek, Kootenay lake, thence northwesterly along  lake shore 20 chains, thence south 20 chains, thence west 20  chains, thence south 40 chains, thehee east to lake shore,  thence following lake shore to point of commencement.  J. C. HOOKER,   '.������������������  GEORGE G. BUSHBY.  Ainsworth, B. C, August 18th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase 160 acres of land, situate in West  Kootenay district, and described as follows: Commencing  at a post marked F. F��������� S. E., planted on the west shore of  Kootenay lake about 2 miles south of the month of Kaslo  creek,' thence west 30 chains, thence north 40 chains, thence  east to the shore of the lake, thence following the meander  ings of the shore of the lake to the point of commencement 7  containing 160 acres more or less.  Nelson, B. C, July 1st. FRANK FLETCHER.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days after date I intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to purchase the following described tract of  land situated in West Kootenay district: Commencing at  a post marked N. E. corner post, placed on the west shore  of the Lardeaux river near its mouthy thence West 40  chains, thence south 40 chains, thence east to the west  shore of Kootenay lake, thence north following the shores  of Kootenay lake and Lardeaux river to point of cbnv  mencement; containing 160 acres, more or less.  Ainsworth, August 3rd, 1891. S. H, GREEN.  Notice is hereby given, that sixty days after date I intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase 320 acres of land, situate in West  Kootenay district and described as follows : Commencing  at a stake marked H. S. N. W., at southwest corner Lot 207,  on the east shore of Kootenay lake, thence east 20 ehainsy  thence north 40 chains, thence east 20 chains, thence south  30 chains, thence west 40 chains more or less to the shore of  the lake, thence following the shore of the lake in a northerly direction to the point of commencement.  Nelson, August 6th, 1891. HAROLD SELOUS.  APPLICATIONS   FOR  CROWN   GRANTS.  Notice is hereby given that Edwin Jay Kelly, as agent  for the Le Roi Mining & Smelting Company (Foreign), has  filed the necessary papers and made application for a  crown grant to the Le Roi mineral claim, situate on the  left slope of north fork of Trail creek, about 5 miles west  from Columbia river. Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections to me within 60 days from date of  publication. N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, August 29th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that J.'.C. Rykert, for himself and  others, has filed the necessary papers and niade application for a crown grant in favor of a mineral claim situate  in Hot Springs camp on Kootenay lake, and known as the  Danira. Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections within 60 days from date of publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, August 27th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that J. C. Rykert has filed the  necessary papers and made application for a crown grant  in favor of a mineral claim known as the Highland, situate  at Hot Springs, north of Cedar creek, Kootenay lake. Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  within 60 days from date of publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, August 27th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that A. H. Kelly, as owner, has  filed the necessary papers and made application for a crown  grant in favor of a mineral claim known as the Royal  Charter, situate on Toad mountain, west arm of Kootenay  lake. <   ...   . ?���������..  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to file their objections with me within sixtv days from date of publication. N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C., 1st. August, 1891.  . Notice is hereby given -that L. C. Kramer, as agent for  the Empire Consolidated Mining Company (Foreign), has  filed the necessary papers and made application for a  crown grant in. favor of the mineral claim known as the  Dictator, situate about 2miles southwest from Ainsworth,  Kootenay lake, B. C. Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections within 60 days from date of publication. N. FITZSTUBBS,  Nelson, B. C, August 22nd. Gold commissioner.  APPLICATION   FOR   LIQUOR   LICENSE.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to apply to the gold commissioner for a hotel and liquor  license for the Halfway house, Ainsworth.  MORRISON & SHANNON.  Halfway House, Ainsworth, August 27th, 1891.  NOTICE.  A session of the assize court will  Saturday, October 3rd, 1891, and a  court on Monday, October 5th, 1891.  T. H. GIFFIN, registrar county court  Nelson, B. C, September 10th, 1891.  be held at Nelson on  session of the county  NOTICE.  A court of assize, nisi prius, Oyer and Terminer, and  general gaol delivery will be held in the Hotel Phair building at Nelson, in the county of Kootenay, on Saturday, the  3rd of October, 1891. S. REDGRAVE,  Sheriff Kootenay county.  Sheriff's office, 10th September, 1891. '     "  ft THE^..iC_?EE::-.'NELSQNl:: B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   SEPTEMBEE  26,   1891.  7  Corner W^est Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TWQ-STQBY HOTEL IE" NEIiSO-N.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished      .';"'  newly throughout.  THE   TABLE   IS NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE 'SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE OIGAES.  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OP LIQUORS. '  PROPRIETORS  HOTEL  EAST  VERNON'  STI6KET,   NEABfc   B1ALL.  the grand  will be conducted in good style  -. and; as  it'-fronts ;on. the outlet  it is one of the  best situated hotels in nelson.  THE DINING-ROOM IS NOT  SURPASSED  BY THAT OF ANY HOTEL ON THE LAKE  AND THE BAR WILL  ALWAYS   BE   STOCKED   WITH    CPIOICE  LIQUORS AND CIGARS.  HAN'SEN - & -' BL.0MBERG,  PROPRIETORS.  "The  Finest Hotel in  Toad  Mountain  District."  Corner West Baker and Ward Streets.  NELSON,. B. C.  AHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  The Silver King is a new building and furnished with new  furniture from kitchen to attic.   The table will not  be equalled by any hotel in Nelson.  'PITTSBURG    PlOfc.  Eight or nine years ago there lived in .Pittsburg, says the New York Evening Sun, a ������������������young  cork cutter who by hard and diligent work managed to make about $50 a month. Out of this  sum he supported himself and managed to lay  by a few dollars. After a while he became interested in racing and commenced visiting local  pool rooms. From the very first his luck was  phenomenal, and in the course of time he abandoned the cork cutting business en tirely and devoted himself to racing entirely. 1  It was about the time that the Dwyers were  in the zenith of their glory and their horses were  well nigh invincible. The future plunger recognized this fact and every time they won he increased his bank account.  The folio wing year found the young man a  regular visitor at the metropolitan tracks and  before the season was well advanced the doings  of Pittsburg -"Phil were the talk of the racing  world. His right name is George E. Smith, but  someone, christened him Pittsburg Phil, and  Pittsburg Phil it has been ever since.  At first he whs laughed at and old-timers predicted that he would not last through the season.  Plungers had appeared on the track beforehand  after a. brief period of success had faded entirely  from public view, and Pittsbrrg Phil would do  the same. Such was the argument the old-timers used, and they patiently waited for the time  when the plunger's purse would be empty. They  waited, and waited, arid waited,* and a large  number of them are waiting yet, but somehow  or other Pittsburg Phil's purse, instead of getting empty, grows fuller every day.  After a-few months' experience on the turf he  saw plainly that if he was successful he would  have  to   relv on   himself   alone.    He   quicklv  learned   that  a   man   could  hear   anything  he  wanted to about a  race, and he as quickly resolved that he didn't want to hear anything.  He  .���������would use his own judgment, and  if he lost he  had himself to blame and no one else.    He did  not'want tips; he did want to know whether a  horse   was  out   for* the  money  or not, and  he  would   not, let  long odds frighten   him.    Such  was the only way to beat the races, he argued,  and he decided to test his theory.   THe has done  so, and the result is that today he is one of the  most successful and one of the richest plungers  the American  turf has ever seen.    He has had  his ups and downs, but he has never been bankrupt, and no one has ever  heard him complain.  He bets his own money and bets cash, and he is  held in great esteem by the majority of the racing men.    His winnings have generally been of  the steady kind���������that is a thousand today and a  couple of   hundred   tomorrow; but  during  his  career  he   has  effected   several  coups,   and  on  more than one occasion has made the ring wince.  A  Small  Matter in Texas.  "Partner," said the big Texan, in  a low tone,  "would vou mind doing me a small favor?"  The  "partner" turned from the car window, through  which he had been studying the landscape, and  said, "Certainly not."    Thereupon the bigTexan  turned half way in the car seat and drew from  his hip pocket a quart bottle half full of corn-  colored juice.    The newspaper man made haste  to say he didn't drink.    "Oh, it isn't to drink,"  replied the big Texan, with a grim smile.   "Hold  it a minute and I'll show you what I want you  to do."    Slowly and with an occasional gritting  of the teeth the Texan rolled up his pantaloons  to the knee and brought to view a fresh bullet  hole in his leg.     "Now," said he "just let the  whisky drip on her, will you?"   The bottle was  tilted, and while the Texan sat with a set face  the scorching fluid trickled into and around the  wound.    The car was full.    Several male passengers sniffed the air and looked at each other  inquiringly.    But nobody save the  Texan and  the bottle holder knew what the smell meant or  whence it proceeded.    In a few  moments  the  Texan said he thought that would do, drew a  long breath, rolled down his pantaloons and put  the  bottle  back in  his pocket with  a   "much  obliged to you partner."   At the next station he  got out, carrying a lady traveler's baggage and  stepping along as blithely as you please.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B. C.  H;   &   T,   MADDEN  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with a frontage towards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  THE      TABLE  i������ supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  7   Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE BAR IS STOCKED WITH THE BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  !.''..'' NELSON, B. C.  PROPRIETOR.  THE  HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  THE  TABLE  are comfortable in size and       is  acknowledged   the best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  n?IBC. Hi    JL3_A Sri  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  East Baker Street,  Nelson,  Is one of the best hotels in Toad Mountain district,  and is the headquarters for prospectors and  working miners.  The Table is not Surpassed by that of any Hotel  in the Kootenay Lake country.  At the Bar is Dispensed Pine Liquors and Cigars,  and the bed-rooms are newly furnished.  9IALONE   aft   TKEGILLSJS  PROPRIETORS  TlfcA.II/,   It. C.  TOPPING & HANNA.......... Proprietors  Good   Table;  ������oo������IBe<Is ;   Iffyas-Closc  Liquors.  gteffi������^&ffi^^^ THE  MINEft:    2JELS0N,  ������.  0.,  SATUEDAY,   SEPTEMBER 26,  1891.  esale Grocer and  ' FurnisMngs and Sporting Goods.  AGENT  FOR GURNEY &  CO.'S  STOVES AMD  HfRAiVI WALKER  &  SONS' WHISKIES.  Corner Yernon and Josephine Streets,  7  Main Street, Eevelstoke, B. 0.  SMALL' .VlJ������������ETS- , OB'1   NEWS.--  On her last trip from Bonner's Ferry, the steamer Nelson  made the run to Nelson, via Ainsworth, in 11 hours, making as high as 17 miles an hour at times. She is now tied  up at the old city wharf pier, and will not be put in commission again until spring.  The Spokane will make regular weekly trips between  Nelson and Bonner's Ferry until navigation closes. She  will call at Ainsworth coming from the Ferry, but not in  returning.  Captain Hay ward of the Galena and Tom McGovern, the  first mayor of'Ainsworth, are reported to have $5000 almost  within their grasp, they having bonded the Little iJhil, a  fractional claim in Hot Springs district adjoining the Little  Donald on the north.  Householders -wishing a supply of pure water can obtain  the same from the Water Company at the following monthly  rates: Where the floor space does not exceed 1000 squa re feet,  $2.00; for each additional 1Q00 square feet of floor space  $1.50. Consumers to make connections with the water  mains at their own expense, the water company furnishing  pipe and fittings at a small advance oh cost price. Applications to be made to J. Fred Hume & Co. or to Houston  - & Ink. ���������" ..".-���������.-���������  Contracts for additional work on, the streets of Nelson,  were awarded to W.C. McLean for the grading, to Joe  Mellor for the clearing, to A. Bunker for the bridge across  Silica street, and to JohiiVKeefer for work on the Bluff  street bridge.  Tenders arc called for the erection of a jail at Nelson, the  building to be 1-story 26x33 feet. It will be divided into 5  cells 6x8 feet, a constable's oflice, a kitchen, and a pantry.  A like building will also be erected at Ainsworth. Tenders  must be in by October 3rd.  Dr. La Bau and Charles Van Ness have left Nelson to try  their fortunes in Old Mexico. Before leaving, dr. La Bau's  Ainsworth and Nelson friends presented him with a gold  watch and chain, as a token of esteem. Mr. Van Ness has  not disposed of any of his real estate interests here, and  will probably be back in the spring. Both these gentlemen  were public-spirited citizens When with us, and they are  followed by the good wishes of their friends.  Advices from Robson are that the Columbia fell 9 inches  below that place today, and that the owners of the Lytton  think it will be impossible to run that boat between Robson and Little Dalles later than the middle of October.  The county commissioners of Kootenay county, Idaho,  have ordered $3000 to be expended on the road between  Kootenay station and Bonner s Ferry. This will put the  road in good, condition for heavy teaming, and will allow  goods for the Kootenay Lake country to be forwarded by a  route that is open fully 3.months longer than the present  route, via Revelstoke.  A wind and hail-storm on Tuesday afternoon knocked a  month's dividend out of the pockets of the shareholders,of  the Kootenay Lake Telephone Company. The company's  wires were broken between Nelson and Toad mountain,  between Nelson and Balfour, between Balfour and Ainsworth, and'between'Ainsworth. and the mines in Hot  Springs district. It also made the passengers on the Galena  ENGINE COMPANY. LTD.  OP  TOROITTO,   OOSTT-A-IRIO.  MA1TOPA0TIJEEES OP ALL DE3CEIPTI0NS OP MAELtfE AND STATIOtfAEY  .'British Col nisi Ma  Branch :   520 Cordova-Street,  Vancouver.  0. P. ST. JOHN, Manager. v  Keep in stock a full supply of engineer and  mill supplies, such as pipe and fittings, brass goods, sheet and other  packing, rubber A^alves, rubber and leather belting, Dodge wood split-pulleys, oils and lubricants, etc.  Estimates for boilers and engines made oil application.    Mail orders receive prompt attention.  w������  imagine that they were making,a trip across the Atlantic  during the equinoctial-gale season.  ' The proprietors of the Madden house will give a dance  on'Thursday night. It is the intention to make it the best  ever given i'n Nelson. A lunch will be served that will be  a sort of feast for the gods. A number of Aiusworth's  societv people are expected to be in attendance.  Nightwatohman Foulds has resigned the position, and T.  C. Collins and Dan Alton are applicants for the job.  A. J. Marks of the Nelson house, now that his musical  partner has left him, has bought a music-box that plays  "Some Day I'll Wander Back Again" from morning till  night.     . ���������__ ��������� "���������'������������������     -   Canadian MiningMachinery.  Canadian manufacturers of engines and boilers are in the field for the business of the districts of British Columbia. The John Doty Engine0  Company of Toronto was the first to send a representative to the districts on Kootenay lake.  The representative, O. P. St. John of Vancouver,  an experienced engineer, says that his company  can and will make or furnish any kind of machinery for mining purposes. The company's  ad appears on this page.  NOTICE-SIOOO   REWARD.  Public notice is hereby given that a reward of one thousand dollars will be'paid by the-provincial government for  such information as shall lead to the apprehension and  conviction of the person concerned in the robbery of the  Columbia and Kootenay Railway Navigation Company's  safe at Nelson on Saturday tlie 2dih day of August, last.  JOHN ROBINSON, provinciaf secretary.  Provincial Secretary's Oflice,  Victoria, September 21st, 1891.  THE    COLUMBIA    &.   KOOTENAY    STEAM  NAVIGATION   COMPANY,   LIMITED.  THE STEAMEE LYTT0F  will leave Revelstoke at daylight on Mondays and Fridays,  arriving at Robson same days.   Leaves Robson on  Tuesdays and Saturdays for Little Dalles,  returning same days and proceeding  on up river to Revelstoke.  Close connections at Robson with trains for Nelson.  F. <���������!.��������� CHRISTIE, Agent,....  IlEVKiSTOl&E,.16. C

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