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The Miner Sep 9, 1893

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 A*'"' ������������������-,-  I  \'l  The Mines in  Kootenay :trc Amoitf  the Kicliest in  America.  'T���������eOres   are  :i;r���������-Gra_e in Gold,  Silver,  Copper,  .-nl  r>e-������'l.  rTWyirt'limwffigqilTOTT.MrncTTrjTO���������  Whole Number r^^ft \\N  u������m,���������..ITpm._  Nelson,  British Columbia,  Saturday,   September' 9,   1893'.  Subscription Price $2 per Year.  Ready Cash is the  o  Introduction  To Present to  TIE LOTS AEE SELECTED  roR  THE    GOVERNMENT   SALE  NELSON REALTY.  OF  The _old CommisMioner Receives Instructions to Select Twenty-Five Lots for the  Market.���������New Weaver will have its .1. S\  in ������Inc Time.  CLEVELAND IS BACK HOME, AND THE  GRIND GOES ON  Should you wish io Secure  any of the Bargins which  his Big Stock of Groceries,  Liquors,    Hardware,   and  Miners' supplies afford.  NOTICE  The recent interview 'between.Premier  Davie and the deputation of the South  Kootenay Board of Trade is ..bearing its  fruit.  , From private sources it has been  learned that the Gold Commissioner  has been instructed to select twenty-five  government lots in Nelson, and have  them put on the market pursuant to the  suggestion of tine Board of Trade delegation, so as to give those desiring homesteads a chance to procure them.  The premier has also made a suggestion to the effect, that the Canadian  Pacific Railway. company pursue the  same policy. It is likely that a C. P. R.  sale will follow.  Respecting the sewer construction it  is altogether likely that the C. P. R.  company will commence work in the  immediate future as the company's  officials are said to be quit*? willing to go  ahead with the work..  The matter of appointing a Justice of  the Peace for New Denver  is  receiving  | departmental   consideration    and    the  creation of a new JV P. may be expected  shortly.  "We have driven." said he, "a tunnel. | ft j       W []]}](       (J$ jjjj      AuAIN  in the coal claim over 140 feet long, ancl '  are now 35 feet below the surface. The  veiny range from one to four inches in  width, having a total width of about HO  inches. The coal has changed from channel to anthracite of a fine quality. I  know of but one other deposit in the  west where as good coal can be found.  It is expected that work will be resumed next spring, but I doubt if the,funnel  will be driven any deeper. I believe it  will be necessary to sink a shaft and go  below the river level before the main  body is found. I am convinced that  there is plenty of coal of good quality to  be obtained by going deeper for it."  s  ALL  THE MINES WILL W,0RK THIS1  FALL AND WINTER.  to our f^ustomers  FIRST NEWS OF OF GOLD.  We have adopted the Cash. Basis,&_.d have adj���������sted  our Prices to tliis Rule.  _To Goods, -whether Groceries,  Grockeryware, Glassware, Clothing, Dry   Goods,  or   Liquors  and Cigars  at wholesale -will  leave  Our  A" .- ' *  Store or Warefio _se except for Cash.  ���������n������ Nelson,��������� B. G.  OF  ������  .*__������   Perilous Trip  Taken   by  Midshipman  BSeaSe of California.  ���������Charles Halleck contributes an interesting, bit of history to" the Post of  Washington, being another episode of  the California gold discovery. Mr. Halleck was informed of the incident, by  Capt. John Wilkinson, who, in 1S18, was  sailing-master of the slopp-of-war Saratoga, commanded by Captain D. D. Far-  ragut. While the Saratoga was lying  at Sacrificios, off the coast of Mexico, in  April of that year, she was hailed one  dark night by a launch, and the party  being duly admitted on board proved to  be Midshipman Beale . of .California  (afterward General E. F. Beale), who  had just crossed Mexico, disguised as an  English lieutenant, bringing the first  specimens of gold from the new El  Dorado.  Up' to that time the discoveries on the  Pacific Coast had not been made known,  and it was the report brought by Beale  which stimulated the gold fever all over  the country and laid the foundation of  San Francisco and of his own financial  success. It .was a feat of great daring  to cross such an uncharted country as  Mexico, Avhile still writhing under the  bitterness of defeat after the close of the  Mexican war, when Americans so recently drew reprieves of,life ' by the  chances of a lottery in which black and  white beans were the arbiters of destiny.  The Owners of. the Principal Properties  Have Made Arrcngeiucnts to Haul Their  Ore into Kaslo During the Approaching  Fall ami Winter.  s n miliary of it lie Silver .Situation for the Past  Week. The Fight has _>ey;eiierated Into a  Skirmish, and IRId.s Fair lo .so iieniaiii for  Some Time to Come.  l____  _S.  OCMS,  e__'_l'II'ciryJ  ������_bj  _   Silverware,  _������__-Wsp sip  arerooips   ������_  H3  Great Bargain can be had for Cash.   PERSONALS  Rev. TV H. Rogers and Rev. D. MV  Martin of KaslbVIeft town on the Friday  train.'  H. E. Newton left Nelson on Friday.  He will stop off at the Rip Van Winkle  mine near Lytton' to witness the clean  up which is about to be made,  MissKellie bid gdod by tp.her Nlelson  friends during; the week. She will visit  the sanitarium at Banff, and then proceed to her home in .the east, During  her stay .in Nelson Miss Kellie made a  host of friends who are very sorry to  know that from now on they will see  her no more as she will remain east.  There is nothing in the air which can  lead anyone to believe that the Slocan  country is going to be anything like  quiet. The indications at present point  to a most active season.  The Mountain Chief is putting out  from eight to ten tons a day of good  shipping ore. Of this output fifteen tons  per week is being hauled to Kaslo.  There are about twenty men  employed  in this mine.   The owners of the Washington have  ordered 15,000 ore sacks from a local  merchant, and baye let a contract for  hauling of 1000 tons from the mine to  Kaslo. There are forty men employed  on the Washington and they will in all  probability be kept employed during the  winter.'      _ (  ;'   _    -_. ..--..,  ..There have been no shipments from  the Slocan Star but. extensive development work which continues to demonstrate the great value of the property as  it continues to improve each day. There  is COO tons on the dump at present. On  this property there are thirteen men.  The Noble Five has considerable ore  on the dump and will increase the present staff.  ., The Wellington continues to ship ore  to Tacoma. *uid a. force, of men..will be  kept at work developing the property.  The shipments from this mine last year  averaged 375 ounces in'silver.  The .Bonanza King has a num.bet of  men at work and they are getting out  large quantities of'pro.  The owners of the Dardanelles announce their intention of working on an  extensive scale this winter. They have  a large stock of wood cu'fc-ready for the  operation of their steam plant.  The Idaho has a dozen men at work  and is awaiting the arrival of ore sacks  to commence shipping ore.  The. Al.mo has made application for a  large consignment of ore sacks and it  also will ship ore.  GOOD COAL PROSPECTS  Uogle on the Crisis-  A  lecture  on  " The silver question and  its  connection  with the Financial crisis,"  will be given next Thursday night by D. B.  Bogle in the hall used by  the Methodist  church.    The subject is an interesting one  to citizens of Nelson at the present time  and should secure a good audience to hear  it discussed.  Elier C, Smith representing the,Stevens County Standard, of Colville, Washington, paid the Miner a visit during  the week. He is taking in the country  in the interests of his paper, and will  visit the World's Fair before returning  home.  The president is home again working  like a beaver, and in a short time numerous souls will be made happy with appointments to office. President Cleveland is a man, of his word. Men voted  as he wanted them to vote, and he will  not delay the favors they have asked o_  ihim. The president said'yesterday, that  his recommendation's would be carried  out in the senate. He had' no.fear as to  the results.  For a time after Voorhees made his  notorious speech in the senate it was  whispered that presidential' patronage  was not all that induced him to make  such a supreme demagogic effort, bub  that he was in the employ of certain  persons and received a consideration for  hVs effort. It is not whispered any more  but is openly charged. It is the talk of  lobbies, and no vehement denials .have  been made. Voorhees made no friends  by that speech, but lost every friend lie  had. It would have been an ignoble"  effort for^-'a- fourth-class police court  shyster.  Hill is excusing himself to silver,men  for his speech. He says that he went as  far as he dared, for, had he gone further,  he would have been ground to pieces by  men in New York, This is supposed by  some to mean that Hill is financially  em harassed, and had he come out boldly  againsc "repeal li is New xork" creditors,  would have closed in on him. But Hill,  is tricky. One never knows when he  tells the truth, if he ever does.    , ���������  The bitter antagonism against silver  by republicans of eastern and middle  states has angered western republicans,  who say that they will not aid their  eastern brethren when the onslaught is  made upon the tariff. Good politicians  admit that eastern republicans made a  serious mistake in not joining forces  with free coinage democrats against the  administration. It was not only poor  policy, but poor politics. It has estranged the west from.the east and the  end will be as much suffering for the  east as that sought to be inflicted upon  the. west.  Senator  Vance   made a   magnificent  speech against repeal  and in favor  of  free coinage yesterday.    A large part of  his speech was  devoted to showing  the  inconsistencies of friends of repeal, both  from a partisan view and the bimetallic  declarations in both platforms,    He argued with Senator Wolcott that unconditional repeal would be death to silver.  The effect on the condition of mankind  following   the  destruction   of half  the^  currency   would   be  impossible   to describe.     If silver should  cease  to  live  through the commercial nations, the fall  in price would be greater than the stopping of coinage, in India.  MONSTER IRON COMBINE  VI OTJCE IS HEREBY GIVK^  TIJAT A..S.  L* FAR^ELLV as agent for Oliver; Duran't and  Alex H. Tarbct, has tiled the necessary papers,,  and made application for Crown grants in favor  of   the   "Centre   Star"  and    "Idaho"  mineral  ciairns,..situated about Ave miles west from the  BAKEE   ������_?_t____V  NfiiSblh- M. c:  The Fend -'Oreille Coal Field������ Showing very  Good Indications.  From   the   Spokane   Chronicle   it   is  learned tlia'tg. C. Harvey, who has been  working.in the Pend d'Oreille coal fields    ,  . ���������  ^      forty ���������n������ above Nor.i.port,- has return- \ ^J^S^^" " d"'  ea from that section, it porting  that all1 XT   T'"','  work has been discoritir.ued on the  coal  To>vn of Trail!,   Adverse claimants will'forward  from the date of  X.  FITZSTUBBS.  , Gold Commissioner.  Nelson, B, CSejkt^, 6th, 1893.  A. Move .ISadc to Secure Control or the Iron  SfiiiH'.H or the United States.  New York, Sept. 6���������John D. Rockefellers  attorney to-day put the finishing' touches  to the last preliminary agreement which  makes an accomplished fact of the Lake  Superior Consolidated Iron Mines, a combination controlling nine-tenths of all the  iron production in the United States, with  a cash capital of ������30,000,000 and a reserve  of ������100,000,000 more in aggregate property  , Rockfeller,' the Wetmores, and the  Merritts are in the syndicate. The trust  was organized by taking over a major  interest in the stocks of the Mesaba and  Gogebic range mines, docks, etc., in Michigan and Wisconsin. The company will also controia fleet of steel barges and whale-  back steamers for the ore trade, and the ore  receiving docks at Couneut, Ohio, and the  railroad' facilities for getting ore from  there to eastern furnaces.  "M  I  m  1  ������_j_M_iS_ n^n?  THE  MINER, NELSON, B. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9,  189;  FEOI TilNOR  HECOED OF TEE HAPPENINGS IF AND  AROUND TROUT LAKE /.���������?'"'���������'���������  ______���������*__ ___.*������������������.__ J ������*_ 1 ���������IM[*iWI|[M-f*m|j���������_J_*^y_ffoy^l^W^.<.|LutBtliiTrT?lrr^^  LOCATED   ON   THE   COLUMBIA   RIVER   AT   BEAVER   CREEK,   Al  GF    THE    PEMD  D'OREILLE.'.RIVER,  THE   PROPERTY   OF   THE  The Miner's Correspondent Throws Himself  on a Graphic Description ol* the Forest  Fires, aud then Miscounts I'sop's I'aJde.s  ivi'lli-'.Silver Rumors.  Y- LAI  IS   THE   TOWNSITE   OF  With the increased facilities for transportation of freight in the ranges there  is no longer any necessity for. prospectors to come down to the lake for stores,  the pack trains being able to take goods  almost to the claims for a comparatively  small consideration.  Bush   fires i are   many  and   frequent  though hitherto they have not been of a  dangerous character.  The bush between  Harrison's assay office and the old camp  has  been   completely  burnt  down, and  Hard   Scrabble   Flat   has   been  for the  past   ten   days,   a perfect  sea of flame.  Trees of immense size, many of them ten*  and twelve feet in diameter, are  continually falling with a noise  like  thunder,  sending up showers of sparks  and  fiery  '   fragments, which set fire to  other trees,  and so keep up the conflagration.  Gilbert Ban ken has been hard at  work for some days burning fire breaks  to prevent the fires from reaching the  Arrow Lake trail and dropping burning  trees upon the unwary traveller. ���������  Some excitement has been caused by  the report, as yet unconfirmed, that the  Canadian government intends to withdraw bills of small denominations from  circulation and replace them with silver  dollars, purchasing the bullion from  British Columbia.  Mr. Coffin, the New York banker who  has been hunting in this vicinity left  yesterday. Although his bag was but a  small one, he expresses himself delighted  with the' country, and declares his intention of returning, next. year.  A. Cassell is still prospecting on the  east range, and is reported to have made  a big discovery, but declines to furnish  particulars.  . Another find of nickel has been-made  but the fortunate discoverer refuses to  have his ore assayed in the district, so  no particulars are obtainable. The ore  appears to be rich.  Messrs. Bourke and Cague, both thoroughly experienced placer* miners leave  tomorrow for the Forks of the Lardeau  for the purpose of trying the creek for  gold. They will take with them a  quant ity of mining appliances, and the  general. Opinion is that they will be successful.  Messrs. Harrison and Barchard have  been mining in the canyon. After a  week's hard work they struck a pocket  and were rewarded for their labor* by  finding two nuggets, one of ' which  weighs three grains, and the other two  and a half.  The Silver Cup trail will be completed  to-day and the men are expected down  to-morrow.  . R. E. Mannsell is now able to get about  again with the aid of a crutch.  PRICES  TEEMS  A Typical Site for a large City, being level bench land, perfectly adapted for Building Purposes,      V  and is the SELECTED junction of the Elver and Eailway.. Transportation.  is the only natural location for a Centre of Supply for the great Placer and  Hydraulic Mines of the Pend d'Oreille and Salmon Eivers, and the Gold and  Silver Mines of Trail Creek.  is the Oonstruction Headquarters of the Nelson & Fort Sheppard Eailway,  and will.always be a splendid location for supply warehousss.  --'  ., -v^s<C/ ���������������������������������^^*a';  $150 for Corners ; $100 for Inside Lots ^chasers can apply r  One-third Cash, one-third in 2 months,  one-third in 4 months, with interest at  8 per cent, on deferred payments.  TITLE  At NELSON, to HAROLD SELOUS  AtSAYWARD,to W. M. _\^EWTO_^^  At NANAIMO, to MARO US WOLFE  At KASLO, to J. L. RETALLACK  At VICTORIA, Koonr tfo. 7, Board of Trade building  JOSHUA  ' DAVIES,   Manager.  APPLICATION FOK WATEK M.ISE.  NOTICE.  "Vf OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT SIXTY  -^ ' days after date I intend to apply to the  Honorable Commissioner of Lands and Works for  West Kootenay District for a lease of 2,000 inches  of water, to bo taken from the Three Forks of  Carpenter Creek at a point about five miles from  the mouth of Carpenter Creek, the water to be  used for milling, mining, water works, domestic  and other purposes.  CHARLES HUGONTN.  Nelson, June 19, 1S93. 155-8  NOTICE.  NOTICE is hereby given that Frank Fitch, as  agent for Maxwell Stevenson, has filed the  necessary papers, Sand made  application for a  Crown Grant in favor of the " Highlander" mineral claim.  |        The " Highlander" is situated about half a  | mile south  of Ainsworth, and one-quarter of a  1 mile from Kootenay Lake.  | Adverse claimants will forward their objec  tions within sixty days from the date of this  publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS,  Gold Commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, Aug. 23, 1893. Aug 2(j  SITPKUME COIJKT NOTICE.  1  N THE  SUPREME  COLUMBIA.  COURT   OF   BRITISH  THE MINE-OWNEES OFPEE  The   Cliunce   ollered   Miners   in   the   ('������;ur  tl' Alene to Commence Work.  "Under the sliding scale of wages offered by Manager Patsy Clark of the  Poorman mine," a ��������� Coeur d'Alene man  said last evening at the Spokane, "the  miners would receive at prevailing  prices of silver and lead just $3.44 per  day, 0 cents less than the demand, $3.50,  with the prospect before them of steady  employment and still better wages if  prices continue to advance. When it  was announced that the mine would  open lead was quoted at 3.70 and silver  at 74. The offer was $1 per day less  than the combined value of an ounce of  silver and 100 pounds of lead. With  those figures of course you can arrive at  results yourself.  " I understand also that the minimum  wage would have been fixed at $2.90  and the maximum at, $4.50, which was  certainly an extremely liberal proposition. Silver and lead declined to-day, I  notice, enough to make a difference of  9.} cents per day in wages, but it is generally admitted that the tendency of the  lead market must be upward generally  from now on until it reaches a reasonable figure."  In probate.  In the goods of John Sandon, deceased.  TO  ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN .*  Whereas John Sandon, late of the District of  West Kootenay, and Province of British Columbia, formerly of the Province of Quebec, died on  or about the 9th day of February, A. D., 1893, in  the district of West Kootenay, aforesaid, ancl by  his last will and testament appointed one Joseph  Hetherington of the District of West Kootenay  aforesaid.his sole Executor and Legatee.  Take notice that an application will be made on  Friday, the fifteenth day of September, A. D. 1893  on behalf of the Joseph Hetherington, to the  Supreme Court of British Columbia, at Victoria,  British Columbia, for probate of the will of the  said John Sandon, deceased.  J. H. Bowes,  Baker Street, Nelson,  British Columbia.,  Solicitor for Joseph  Hetherington.  Dated at Nelson B. C, this 1st day of August.  A. D., 1S93.  EJ.WK XOTlCIv  rpAKE NOTICE  On and after: this date the undersigned  banks will receive American notes at a discount  of one per cent.  BANK OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.  BANK OF   MONTREAL.  Nelson, Aug. 15, '93  CKOWN UKANT APPLICATION.  NOTICE   OF   APPLICATION.  NOTICE.  MINERAL ACT, 1S93.  Notice of Application for Certilicate of  improvements.  "Jay Gould" Mineral Claim.  "'AKE notice that I, as agent for the Shafer  ���������  -*-    Gold   and   Silver  Mining  Company, free-  miner's certificate No. 43,f"40, intend, sixty days  from date hereof, to apply to the Gold Commissioner for a certificate of improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that adverse claims  must be sent to the Mining Recorder, and action  commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  THOMAS JOHNSON.  Dated this 18th day of August, 1S93,  Ainsworth, B. C. Aug 26  NOTICE.  MINERAL ACT,  1893.  Notice of application for Certificate of  Improvements.  " Shafer " Mineral Claim.  rpAKE notice that I, as agent for the Shafer  --"- Gold and Silver Mining Company, free  miner's certilicate No. 43,(340, intend sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Gold Commissioner for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that adverse claims  must be sent to the Mining Recorder, and action  commenced before the issuance of such certificates of improvements.  THOMAS JOHNSON.  Dated this ISth day of August, 1833,  Ainsworth, B. C. Aug 26  NOTICE.  NOTICE.  "VT OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT SIXTY  -*-^ days from date hereof I intend to apply for  a Crown grant to the "Etna -mineral claim  situated on Toad Mount-iin, West Kootenay District. This application will be made under clause  35, " Mineral Act, 1891."  Copies of the field notes and plat can be seen affile office of the Govcrhment agent, Nelson.  CHARLES VAN NESS.  Nelson, B.C., July 10th, 1S93. 158-8  NOTICE.  "^"OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT A. S.  -^ FAR WELL, as agent for the Josephine  Mining Company, has filed the necessary papers  and made application for a Crown grant in favor  of the " Josephine" mineral claim. The "Josephine" isanortherly extension of the "Highland,"  Lot 258, Group 1, and is situate about 2i miles  north-west from Ainsworth. Adverse claimants  will forward their objections within 60 days from  the date of thispublication.  _ N. FITZSTUBBS,  Gold Commissioner.  Nelson, B.C., July 20th, 1893.  Through Tickets Issued,  Baggage CriEcrcEO to Destination,  NO  CuSTOiMS DlKEICULTIES.  Equipment Unsurpassed,'combining Palatial  Dining and Sleeping Cars, Luxurious Day Coaches, tourist Sleeping Cars and Free- Colonist  Sleeping Cars.  For information as to rates, time, etc., apply-  to nearest agent.  J. HAMILTON, Agent, Nelson,  Or to ������_0. 'Mc���������. ISttOWN,  District Passenger, Agent, Vancouver.  NOTICE  Notice of Application for Certificate of Improvements.  Wellington Mineral Claim.  rpAKE NOTICE THAT I, AS AGENT FOR  -*- the Kootenay & Columbia Prospecting and  Mining Company Limited, free miner's certificate  No. 44,298, intend sixty days from the date hereof,  to apply to the Gold Commissioner for a certificate  of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grunt of the above claim.  And further take notice that adverse chums  must be sent to the Mining Recorder, and action  commenced before the issuance of such certificate  of improvements.  EDWARD WATTS  Dated this first day of August, 1S93. Aug 5  COLUMBIA   &  KGOTEISTAY  STEAM   NAV.- CO.  (limited) ,  TIME   CARD    HO.   8.  I1II1I*?SS!**  INTO EFFECT SUNDAY,  AUGUST 13,   1893.  Blup; Jay Mineral Claim  New Denver Minining Distinct.  TAKE NOTICE THAT WE, II. E. LEMON,  free miner's certificate No. 49,342, and Scott  McDonald, free miner's certificate No. 46,425, intend sixty days from date hereof to apply to the  Gold Commissioner for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that adverse claims  must be sent to the Mining Recorder, and action  commenced before the issuance of such certificate  of improvements.  Dated this first day of August, 1893.  MINERAL ACT,  1893,  Notice of application for Certificate of  improvements.  "Bobtail" Mineral Claim.  r~|T AKE notice that I, as agent for the Shafer  J- Gold and Silver Mining Company, free-  miner's certificate No. 43,640, intend sixty days  from date hereof, to apply to the Gold Commissioner for a certificate of improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that adverse claims  must be sent to the Mining Recorder, and action  commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  THOMAS JOHNSON  Dated this 18th day of August, 1893.  Ainsworth, B. (_'. Aug 26  TRANSPORTATION TIME TAKLES  The Cheapest and Most Direct Koute,  From NELSON, KASLO and all Kootenay  Points  To the PAOHTO COAST and to the EAST.  TRAINS    TO  AND  FBOM    NELSON    DAILY.  Direct Connection at Robson every  Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Evening,  With Steamer for Revelstoke, where connection is made with Canadian Pacific Eastbound  and Westbound through trains.  REVELSTOKE ROUTE  , Str. COLUMBIA connecting with Canadian.  Pacific Railway at Revelstoke for all Eastern  and Coast points Leaves Robson���������Tuesdays, and.  FridaysatTp.m.  Leaves Revelstoke���������Mondays and Thursdays  at 5 a.m.  Passengers from Nelson should take the C &  K. train leaving at 3 p. m. Tuesdays and Fridays.  NORTHPORT  ROUTE  Steamer COLUMBIA, running in connection with the C. & K. Railway and tlie S. F. &N.  Railway between Nelson and Spokane, making  close connection at Spokane with Northern Pacific, Groat Northern and Union Pacific for all  points east and west.  Leaves Robson���������Tuesdays and Fridays at  "15 a.m.  Leaves Northport���������Tuesdays and Fridays at  1 p.m. Passengers for Spokane should take C. &  K. trains leaving Nelson at 3 p. m., on Mondays  and Thursdays.  Tourists from Spokane for Glacier, Banff and  other C.P.R. resorts make close connection afc  Robson with boats for Revelstoke.  KASLO ROUTE  Steamer NELSON  Sunday���������Nelson to Kaslo.  Monday���������Kaslo to Nelson and return.  Tuesday���������Kaslo to Nelson.  Wednesday���������Nelson   to   Kaslo,    thence   to  Lardo and return to Kaslo.       -.  Thursday���������Kaslo to Nelson and return.  Friday���������Kaslo to Nelson.  Saturday���������Nelson to Kaslo and return.  Steamer leaves Nelson for Kaslo on Wednesdays  and Saturdays at 8 a. m., and on Sundays,  Mondays and Thursdays at 3 p. m.  Steamer leaves Kaslo for Nelson on Mondays;  Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays at 8 a .m.,  and on Saturdays at 3 p.m.. connecting with  all trains on tne C. & K. railway to Robson.  The Company reserves the right to change this  schedule at any time without notice.  For full information as to tickets, rates, eta,  apply at the  fl^HConipany's offices, Nelson, B.C.  J. W. Troup, Manager.  1  I        . .   -.     .:/���������  . /    _������������������"���������;  F&gg&tt&Z&wStl :7^^U:h<^^^x mwMmma^ggaQgff'rarafraaBMgiaanBaii  THE MINER, NELSON, B. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9,  1893.  ������  y  ^yrata-rayw.-B^^vf.i.T^"  ^Eixe ^tlincr.  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, provided  the staff is sober, and will be mailed to any  address in Canada or the United Stales, for  one year on receipt of two dollars. Those  desiring sample copies will secure same on  receipt of ten cents.  Contract Advertisements inserted at the rate  of ������3 per inch, (down the column) per month  and as much more as patrons will si and.  Transient Advertisements inserted at the  rate of 15 cents per line first insertion, and 10  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Advertisements running for shorter periods  than three months is classed transient.  Quack, Cure-AH, Private Remedy, and Next-to-  Pure-Reading-Matter advertisements are not  wanted.    .' 0 ,  Job Printing of high merit turned out in short  order.   Prices to match,  Address  The Miner Printing & Publishing Co.  NELSON,'  B.C.      ',. ,  ���������A KASLO-S CHILLY CHEEK.       '  The Kaslo Examiner sets forth in the  last number what may be taken as tlie  feeling pfannmberof the people of that  section with regard bo the Slocan wagon  road.  According to the account the citizens  of Kaslo, and those having claims up in  the Slocan country, asked the -govern-  menfc to construct a wagon-road from  Kaslo to the "Forks of Carpenter.  The government moved a little, too  slow to suit the impatience of that community, and especially those who held  real estate,* the value of which would be  greatly enhanced by .the construction of  the wagon road.  , The outcome of this feeling of impatience was a mass meeting of the citizens of Kaslo, and a sum amounting to  $20,000 in one shape or another was  raised, with   which   it   was  hoped that  the road could be built.  It was certainly enough to "'commence the work with," and "the government must do the rest." A iirai was  found Willing to undertake the work  and a contract was let to them at $1100  per mile. It is not- known if any private  understanding existed whereby this  . $1100 was only provisioned, but the  result was certainly peculiar. To quote  the Examiner :  "Work was begun and pushed through  with all the speed possible but it soon  became evident that- the cost of construction was considerably more than  the contract price. Nevertheless stores  were prompt to furnish supplies and  tools and work was kept up until the  severe winter weather made, it absolutely necessary to discontinue. The  road committee used all the available  funds to pay off the laboring men, but  were unable to liquidate all debts incurred for tools, supplies, etc. Last winter  an attempt was made to have the government settle, these outstanding bills,  but without success. The various bills  will amount to nearly $10,000, and range  in amounts from $3,000, down.  of speed sufficient agrerable to the  power locally, the work has been undertaken on spec. In every case an indignant howl has gone up, when the government has been a little slow to settle  the bills for the work.  The* fact that in some cases the government should undoubtedly have  undertaken the work has no bearing on  the case after the matter has been taken  into the hands of private individuals.  There are few enough roads and trails  at best, and the Mixer would like to see  many more in the various parts of the  Kootenay, but there have, been too  many such works taken out of the proper, hands by the impatient townsite  boomers, who-are sure to kick if there  appears to be any chance that they will  have to foot their own bills out of the  "clean up," which the work enabled  them to make.  Already the government has overreached the appropriation allotted for  the " completion," of the Kaslo-Slocan  wagon road. It is time to call a halt.  It is not a question of the desirability of  this or other roads. The queetion is,  can individuals say, "This must be done,  the government, is too slow to suit our  purposes. We will go ahead and do the  work, and the government must pay  the bills because we wont." --'.-���������  If the government is of any especial  use,: it is certainly for the regulating  and. carrying on of public works, and  should repudiate in future any. work  taken out its hands.  The following,is a sample of the Examiner's logic : '  "It is nothing;.more than right that  the government^ should pay these debts  as they were incurred in constructinga  public wagon road that the government  should have, .built. ,,lf the,government;  does its duty in .this matter it will not  allow-'-those enterprising men who so  gallantlv "lent their aid and sacrificed  their credit to a. public work, to'remain  long without' being indemnified."  Each count results in the disclosure that  the ranks of the silver men are growing  thiner. Silver will have a hard uphill  fight, and those who have taken command  of its forces will lead a forlorn hope.    ���������  Or trial for its life before the tribunal of  the world, able indeed must be the advocate who wins a favorable verdict from a  judge and jury, already prepared to condemn before the evidence is in.  '     HERE AND THERE.  F< r some time past the public has viewed  with sorrow the falling away from grace of  our e. c.    There .were  those .who read the  " rich nut-brown roasts," on  churches and  church   people  which appeared from time  in  our e. c, and they wept.    However  a  change for the better lias set in. The last  issue of Caterer John's sheet has quite a  hopeful sound, and contains many flattering observations on churches and church  people. 'It is well to remember in-the light  of this evidence that :  "While the light holds out to burn,  The vilest sinner may-return."  BRITISH COLUMBIA   IRON WORKS  General Founders, Engineers, Boiler Makers, and Manufacturers  of All Classes of Machinery. Sawmill and Marine  Work a   Specialty.  SOLE   MANUFACTURERS    OF   THE  Kendall Band Mill, B. 0. Shingle Machines,  Steam Log Hauling Machines.  D.���������'��������� B. Bogle will give a lecture next  Thursday night on the '.���������Financial Crisis."  It is probable that iu cpmmoD with most  of us, the lecturer has given this subject  much thought of late, and no*_oubt something in stuictive may result.      |  It may be in order to suggest that the  lecture be extepded into a series^to include  such subjects as : "Collections made easy,"  " How to get money out of people who  have none." "Where are we. going to eat,  or how to select winter quarters." . " Will  it make another, winter,,or our old overcoat." There is no doubt but that but  that such lectures would bring-out an attentive audience.  We keep in stock a full supply of Engineer and Mill Supplies, such as Pipe and Fittings, Brass  Goods, Sheet and other Packing Rubbor Valves,.Rubber and Leather Belting, Oils,  and Lubricants, etc.  HOISTING ENGINES and SINKING PUMPS FOE MINES  ��������� Corner Alexander Street and Westminster Ave., VANCOUVEE, B. 0.  D.   CARTMEL, J. W. CAMPION, J. E. W.  MACFARLANE  Agent West Kootenay. Secretaiy-Treasurer. Manager  There is a loud reverberating silence  as to why the work was allowed to  continue after it was found that the  money was insufficient for the completion of the work. Nothing is said about  the usual method pursued by a contractor when he finds that he has taken a  job at too low a figure. Under such cir-  enmstances as these a contract becomes  a thing of beauty and a joy forever. If  necessary bid down as low as $1 per  mile, in order to secure the contract,  and then run the expense up to any  amount and���������well the government will  step in and foot the bills.  The government like a kind -parent  has nothing to do but hunt around for  men foolish enough to take contracts  for work at a losing figure, pat them on  the head and then square the account.  The trouble was that those who were  doing most of the talking at the time  the road was put under way, were at  the same'time too busy grinding various  axes to pay much attention' to just how  the bills run up in connection with the  road were to be paid. Surne of them  cared little, so long as the road was  under way and they had a chance to  turn over sundry lots at an advanced  figure.  Kaslo people are not the only ones  who have mistaken the government for  a   milch  cow   common   to every adven-  HEA VEN. BORN . REPRESENTATIVE.  Referring to the approaching election  the Kaslo Examiner says editorially :  "The Examiner has no particular  choice at: present, but would like to impress upon the electors the importance  of selecting an ���������enterprising man, of vigorous diplomatic ability, who will represent the district with credit to himself  and with honor to the district.  What we want is a representative  strong in himseif. strong in he trespect  and confidence of his constituents. We  want a representative who will make  himself felt at the provincial capital,  and secure recognition for this district.;  be alive to the wants of the populace,  and represent the whole district; who  will be above sectional strifes, and free  from petty prejudices : a broad-minded  man, capable of holding his own in the  midst of the contending forces which  constitute the provincial parliament ;  one whose record of usefulnes will show  in after years that Kootenay has had  a real live representative."  It would be interesting to know if the  Examiner has applied this standard to  guage the calibre of the self-nominated  candidates who have been hiving* in  Kaslo. It would be interesting to know  how they stood the test.  Is there not one left in all that large  army of enterprising adventurers which  last spring intoxicated sober men with  their prophetic fore-casts. Have they  forsaken'5 their idol, or have they been  weighed in the balance and found want-  [AS MM'  THE EXACT NATUKE OF HIS MALADY  NOT YET E_J0W_  V  MEOM'A-.  E.  Wr. Slasbroiiclc, the Dentist, 'who Assisted .at  the Operation is Requested to Throw a  little light on the Matter hut Tells the  Public Nothing New.  If the Examiner rovers its visionary  and heavenly representative let it keep  him close, within its heart, and cherish  him till Gabriel starts on his hunt for  eternal representatives.  Dear Examiner your representative is  not a home grown article. 'Twere cruel  to send such a man to such a parliament.  The publication of the story concerning the surgical operation on President  Cleveland which was currently rumored  some time ago, has brought out a statement from Dr. Ferdinand Hasbrouck, a  dentist. Dr. Hasbrouck states that he  assisted at an operation on the president  for a growth in the bones of his left upper jaw and the adjoining bones of the  nose. The operation, which consisted  in removing the diseased portion of the  bone, was successful so far as it is possible to judge at the present time. The  doctors deny that the. disease is the same  as that which caused the death of General Grant.  Dr. Hasbrouck when asked if  he considered the disease of the president  curable, replied: "I have no doubt of it, provided it. was attended to  in   time,   and  that was the object   of   the   operation.  Enough of the bone tissue was  cut out  to make certain that the  entire  extraneous growth had  been  removed.    It is  for Dr. Bryant to say whether the disease is cancerous  in  its  nature  or not.  What the microscopical   examination  has disclosed I have not definitely heard.  I understand, however,   that  the  president   is   progressing   as   favorably    as  could  be  expected.    I  have  seen worse  cases, and so far as I know they are  living yet.    It only remains now  for Dr.  Bryant to state what the   microscopical  examination   reveals    concerning    the  character of the malady."  C. ARTHUR, A.M., M.D.,  PHYSICIAN,   Etc,  Coroner for West Kootenay,  Office over Nelson Drug Store,  West Baker, street,  Nelson, B.C.  LaBAU,   M.D.,  Physician and Surgeon,  Rooms 3 and i,   Houston Block,  Nelson, B.C.  Telephone  42.  SURVEYING.  S. GOING,  CIVIL   ENGINEER  AND   PROVINCIAL  LAND   SURVEYOR.  Houston Block,  Nelson,  B.  C.  MINING.  "Tl/"     PELLEW-HARVEY  ASSAYER and ANALYTICAL CHEMIST  Goldex, B.C.  Appointed by the British Columbia Government;  to make all Assays and Analysis of Specimens sent to the World's Fair,   Chicago,  ��������� 1891-1893.  TO     C.  CAMPBELL-JOHNSTON  (of Swansea, India, and the United States.)  ���������METALLURGIST, ASSAYER,  AND mining engineer  Properties reported on. All assays undertaken.  Furnaces and concentrating plants planned  and erected. Treatment for ores given. Ores  bought and sold.   Box 731, Vancouver, B. C.  S. DAVYS.  "TT^IRK & RITCHIE  Dominion  and   Provincial  Land  Surveyors,  photo-topographical surveys.  Office over Bank of British Columbia,  Nelson,   B. C.  MINING   ENGINEER,  AND ASSAYER.  Offices Victoria Street.  NELSON, B. C.  AUCTIONEERS.  w.  J.  A.  KIRK  J.   F. RITCHIE  /"I      W.   BUSK,  Assoc. M. Inst. C.  E.. M. Can. Soc. C. E.  PRVINCIAL   LAND SURVEYOR.  Telephone Connection.  Balfour, b. c  S.  P. ROBINSON,  GENERAL    AUCTIONEER  NELSON,   B.C.  Wanted���������Consignments of Household Goods,  Surplus Stock, Etc., for Auction.  Prompt returns^  All business transactions strictly confidential.  ���������CHOKERS.  o.  HAM13ER.  CUSTOMS BROKER  SILVER AT A STANDSTILL.  There is practically nothing to be said  regarding the silver situation. The great  hope of the friends of silver, revived by the  cable chat the Indian mints would probably re-open, has faded away on receipt of  later information to the effect that no such  steps would be taken, not at least for some  time to come.  Noses have been counted and re-counted  in the house and in the senate, and each  count  only   reads  more and more against  turer, and have pursued a similar course j the silver cause.  of action.   Works of various kinds have j     Eastern gold must have a musical chink  even  to  ears   accustomed  to listen to the  ring of silver, silver everywhere.  been demanded by the government, and  when not forthcoming with an  amount  A Sate   rropositioii.  M. Foley and J. F. Morley of Kaslo,  with Frank J. Lamoreux and D* Dyer  of Stevens Point, Wis., lfet the Slocan  country for Spokane a few days ago.  Mr. Lamoreux is a well known lawyer  and capitalist of Wisconsin who has  been looking over the mining situation  in British Columbia, not only for* himself but for others interested with him.  He is very well satisfied with what he  saw of the country and regards the outlook as a safe proposition from a mining  standpoint, provided silver is given a  chance and the contemplated railway  enterprises are cerried out.  A.   ROBERTS,  Provincial    and   Dominion  Land Surveyor,  TROUT LAKE CITY, B.C.  O   P. TUCK,  CIVIL   ENGINEER  AND   PROVINCIAL LAND   SURVEYOR  Attends to all Consignments of Goods and Chatties held tit the outport of Nelson,  for payment of Customs Duties.  NELSON, B. C.  .IMSCKIiLA.NEOUS,  Subscribe   for  c.  Tlie Thunder Hill Closed.  The Thunder Hill mining company has  decided to close down. This was decided  upon at a meeting held in Victoria, it is  supposed that the silver slump is responsible for the shut down, though the directors attribute it to machinery.  Nelson and New Denver, B.C  H. ELLACOTT, B.A., Sc,  CIVIL    ENGINEER  AND  PROVINCIAL   LAND   SURVEYOR.  mrneral and mining surveying  a Specialty.  KASLO, B. C  .tllMVC.  VICTOKIA,   B.C.  The paiJy Tirj_esy  Subscription, $10 />cr annum,  In  advance.  TT-ie Weeklly Tf ijies,  Subscription, $2 per annum,  In advance.  JV  F.   BLEDSOE,  EXAMINER    OF   JUNES,  Nelson,  B.C.  TWENTY  YEARS'  EXPERIENCE  IN   THE  152-52 AMERICAN  CAMPS.  I Independent in Politics,  i Fullest Telegraphic Reports,  ! Correspondents in every District  Address���������  THE TIMES PRINTING & PUBLISHING CO.  VICTORIA,  B.C.  WM. TEMPLE.MAN, manager.  r !.' --V..-*.;���������*/-.'.:_.���������'��������� 1-..  I  \>  \ ;  1  / J  /'  ���������*���������>'  * > ���������'fc?'*  ^36,7 .\:  il'r  THE MINER; NELSQNVb.C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9.  18.9  ������������������>  (I  GLADSTONE GETS THERE  THE HOME .RULE BILL PASSES THE  HOUSE OF GOMMONS  Animated Scenes In the House During the  Final Struggle Which Resulted In Victory  for Gludstone. The Streets are Thronged  With Excited Crowds.  ���������g^  \m  At  w  Gladstone's long home rule 'fight in  the commons is ended. The bill passed  at 1 o'clock last Saturday morning, 301  to 267. It was hurried to the house of  lords, which gave the first reading and  adjourned.   ;  The galleries'.'.of the house were filled  long before the sitting opened, a large  number of ladies being present. The  premier was loudly cheered by his followers as he walked to his seat. The  galleries also gave him a warm greeting.  Justin McCarty opened the debate,  speaking on the same lines as Dillon  last, night. Chamberlain followed. He  said the bill struck a deadly blow at the  honor and interests of the country, hut  (he could hot avoid being filled with admiration at the courage, resolution, resources and eloquence of the prime minister. Chamberlain spoke over an hour,  and. his address was a,brilliant one. He  was frequently applauded, and utilized  the opportunity to pay off many old  scores against the Irish and Liberal  members. o  When Balfour arose to speak, the  house was filled to overflowing. He  spoke for more than an hour. He said  the government's insane action has done  more than 100 Tory governments had  done to demonstrat the necessity for a  house of. lords as a hulwark of the greatness and interests of the empire.  John Morley, chief secretary for Ireland, spoke bitterly of the tactics of the  opposition. He said there was a great  party in Great Britain determined that  Ireland should no longer be the cock-pit  of England's factions.  After many other speeches a division  was had upon Courtney's amendment  to reject the bill, and it was defeated.  The bill was then put upon its third  reading  and pased.  The full import of the occasion was  felt by all, and the culmination was accompanied by rounds of frantic cheers  from the galleries and upon the floor.  Gladstone received a fresh ovation as he  left the house.  The scenes in front of the house after  midnight were exciting. The knoledge  that the vote was to be taken attracted  a large crowd. Many Irishmen were in  the.throng, and the sentiment of the  crowd was generally for home rule and  Gladstone, This was expressed in many  ways by singing "Wearing of the Green"  ���������'God save Ireland," cheering for Gladstone and hooting Balfour.  When the announcement that the  house had passed the bill was received  the crowd went wild. The police vewe  alarmed at the antics, and a cordon was  drawn before the members exit, The  crowd surged around the cabs and carriages, and each member of any distinction on being recogoized was given a  cheer.  When Gladstone's carriage  came  out  a number of  mounted police  instantly  surrounded it, but the crowd when they  learned who was in the carriage, became  beyond controll, ancl breaking  through  the  cordon  stopped  the  carriage    and  lSeld it, while they cheered the premier  to lije echo.    The coachman was enabled  to proceed after a few minutes,   but   by  this time the entire crowd left their positions and  started after  the  carriage,  which was again stopped at  the corner  of Downing street,  and detained  while  the crowd cheered and sang   ���������'Lo,   the  Conquering Hero Comes,   "    Gladstone  bowed right and left to his  enthusiastic  admirers  and  was greatly touched  by  the fervor   of   the  people.    The   police  again cleared the way and  the carriage  was allowed to proceed to  his  residence  without further   stoppage.    Mr.  Gladstone handed Mrs.  Gladstone  out,   and  after bowing again to the crowd,   disappeared.  When the first reading of the home  rule bill was moved in the house of lords  by Earl Spencer, there wera only six-  Liberal and one Opposition peer present.  The proceedings occupied less than five  minutes.  3g-  i  .4  4  f  3-  1  >  A  new Railway under Construction.  Buy before the Market rises in the Railway .  Centre and Seat of Government cf  Plfest'��������� Kootenay: "���������"���������' :   V'a  ���������  Choice Building and Residence Property:  REBATE ALLOWED FOR THE ERECTION OF GOOD BUILDINGS  Also Lots for Sale  in     NAKUSP DAWSON and ROBSON.  Appl^ANKCFLETceHER, Land CommissionerC. & K. Ry. Co., N__son, B.C.  A BROKEN LEDGE  The old Egyptians had a custom that  to the modern mind would appear gruesome, and repellent to the highest degree.  At all their feasts and merrymakings,  just when the fun and enjoyment was  at the highest, it was the custom to have  the slaves of the household bring in a  mummy case holding the form of some  ancestor of the giver of the feast. The  idea was to remind those present that  when mirth was at the highest, Death  stood ever at the elbow. Sober-minded  and staid, these old people believed that  there was no better incentive to good  and right-living, than keeping continually in mind the fact that death only  was certain, and stood ever near.  I believe that the mind becomes a little  flushed and feversh  at times,  Restless  from the lingering disease adversity,  pi-  suffering from the high temperature  of  success.    In such cases I'know of no better medicine, no panacea for the   "fever  and fire of the brain" that equals astroll  into a cemetary.    There need be nothing  morbid about the feeling.    Stoll in some  time when  the grey  of the  evening is  com ing on.    Unless you are  beyond all  hope, I think it will do you  good.    Under that stately marble shaft lies a man  greater in life than ynuean ever hope to  be.    Would you change places with him  now?   Not for all those glowing sentences carved on the tablets  of his  tomb?  Over there in an obscure corner rests a  rotting splinter of  the board that once  held the   name of someone who  would  gladly have changed places with  you in  life.    It does not seem  to matter much  to either now, nor will it to you  sometime when you join them.  inscription as the simple one,   too  common throughout  the  Southern   Stares,  "To  the   Unknown,   Dead."    Gathered  from   fields  plowed    with    rpundshot,  mown with lead, the ghastly harvest  of  death was winnowed  in  long  trenches,  and one monumentserved alike for all.  How'many. Southern.' wives  and mothers started from their dreams as in fancy  came, the well remembered  step  of him  who walked only in   the. Valley of "the  Shadow.    How many Northern  sisters  and sweethearts    wept   and  wondered  where he stayed,    Side by side,   and no  less sound, they slumber, though   Fame  has failed to offer up their deeds to History's page.    All they  had   was   freely  given.    No general,   carrying the   fate  of a nation in his teeming brain, has  offered a more acceptable libation  at   the  altar of Liberty and Human Rights than  these who, in the wild charge up  into  the black muzzled battery's smoke, or in  the savage reek of crossed bayonets, went  down to help fill  one  of these trenches  whiclx break with  their long,swell   the  surface of the  fair southern   land.    It  matters little that they  missed individual destinction.    Time wheels a few eir-  cles of his neverending flight,   and over  all, the high and the low  that  walked  the earth but yesterday, is  written   one  common epitaph���������The Unknown Dead.  ISAXK0.*<>'������' HOUSES.  BANK  OF  (Incorporated by Royal Charter, 1862.)  IIOTKLSA  WATSON,  CAPITAl (paid it������). <������tiOO,0(M>     .  . (With power to increase.)  KESBiRVK TUSH,   ������2('<M>00 .   .. .  $������,93<M>00  1,205, S.'{: i  _nt_u__so_st iB_=j,^>.isro_3:_  Corner of Bilker and Stanley streets.  I have always been struck with the  way a man's stock goes up in the world  after h? is safely out of it. It is certainly wrong to say that one "goes down in  the grave." If you will glance over  some of the. inscriptions on the last  resting places of almost any of your old  acquaintances, it is quite probable that  you will find that they have "gone up"  instead of down, and that too in a most  wonderful manner. John Smith, a very  ordinary fellow, given to a "wee drop"  too much, known to have blacked his  wife's eye once or twice, a terror to his  children, prone to forget his little debts,  and a churchgoer for the sake of appearances and the soft pew cushions, must  be an astonished man sometime when  he wanders back to see how things are  geting on, to find that he is "A kind and  gentle husband, a loving father, and a  faithful follower."  All of which reminds me of the story  of the matter-of-fact widow. "And  what will you have on it? asked the man  when she had selected a plain slab, and  had $6 knocked off on account of a small  crack in one corner. "Well, lem'me see.  I dont want any poetry, and them fiddle-de-dee. Put on something plain and  solid, like this:  WILLIAM   BROWN  AGED 76  "The Good die Young"  I think I have always had a sneaking  sympathy with the feelings of the man  who, after reading over the record of one  whose stock had gone up to a wonderful  degree, cast a glance around, and climbed over the fence, and with a lump of  red chalk added a P. S. to this wifect.  "Here lies his body, for his soul you  must search a deeper hole."  After all I do not   think   that  I.   have  ever been so strongly impressed by any  T have seen many monuments erected  to heroes whom people delight to honor,  but upon them I have never read an epitaph that impressed like one. I often recall.    Away out on the Wyoming plains  is a  mighty sink called  Goshen  Hole.  It has an appeare.nce as  if a  section  of  the level   prairie   some   ten   or   twelve  miles long and  four  or five  wide,   had  suddenly dropped down several hundred  feet below the surrounding  plain.    The  walls are  perpendicular, and the flats  below can only be   reached  through  an  occasional pass worn down by the surface  water from above..   It   was  just   before  the days  of the  trans-continental railroad yand a party of engiueers  under a  guide,  Jim .Robinson,   were    exploring  the country.    One day  they wandered  too far north, and were making* back to  the main camp, when they were pursued  by a band of the roving Sioux.    Across  the level sink they raced, and soon  the  frowning walls were close at hand,   but  thundering at their heels were the howling savages*   The guide slackened  rein  as the pass   was   reached.    "Keep   due  south boys.    I'll give them a check and  join you in a few minutes."    When   the  train returned in haste a few hours later  they found him weak and almost dead,  but still holding the pass.    The painted  devils made off at the first show  of an  increased force, but it.was too late.    The  great and heroic soul had fled.    A grave  was hollowed out under a twisted pitch  pine that grew on the edge of the  pass.  Years after the spot was pointed out  to  me, and all that still remains of his brief  history retailed by  the  guide.    Alighting from our horses, we approached the  spot.    Wind swept and torrent washed,  the sturdy pine still stands,   and   on   its  bark some  wandering  nomad  like him  who sleeps below has carved:  JIM bobi>\son  G-UIDE  "ITc don't Make Men any Whiter."  BPuA-TCECES:  Canada���������Victoria, "Vancouver, New Westminster, Nan aim o and Kamloops.  United States���������San. Francisco, Portland, Tacoma, and Seattle.  HEAD OFFICE: 60 Lombard street, LONDON,  England.   .;__������������������'  AGENTS AND CORRESPONDENTS:  CANADA���������Canadian Bank  of  Commerce   and  'branches; Merchants' Bank of Canada and  branches; Imperial Bank of Canada and branches; Molson's Bank and branches; Bank of  Nova Scotia. D  UNITED STATES���������Agents. Canadian Bank of  Commerce, N.ewYori*:  ' Rank of Nova Scotia, Chicago.  Traders' National Bank, Spokane,  ���������The TOWN OF'WATSOX is  situated between  Bear and Fish Lakes, on (he Kaslo-Slocfin  t,    wagon road, 20   miles  from   Kaslo  .and  10  milesfrom Now Denver, is the most central  point in Slocan district.  T!i������ WATSOX BIOTKL is'one of the best kept  houses in the entire Slocan country. The dining room and kitchen arc in charge of female  help of experience. The bar is stocked with  the best brands of Liquors and Cigars.  BREIVSNJER  &  WATSON,  A.       A      n    PROPRIETORS.     '  spoktk.vg; <u<>oa>s.  QAVINGS   DEPARTMENT���������  Deposits received at ������1 and upwards, and  interest allowed (present rate) at 3������ per cent,  per annum.  GRANGE V. HOLT,  Nelson, July 17,1893. Agent.  CAPITA!, <:iSl paid up), $12,000,000  KEST,        .        .        .        . 0,000,000  Sir   DONALD   A.   SMITH,. ...President  Hon. GEO. A. DRUMMOND,....Vice-President  E. S. CLOUSTON V..General Manager  Nelson  Branch:   _h.W. Corner Baker and  Stanley Streets. ._...;  Winchester Rides in S8-.56, 40-65,  40-82, 45-70, 45-90, and 50-110 calibers with  octagan barrel, price, $18.00.  Winchester 1-tifles in 44 calibres  either model of '73 or '72, price $16.00 with  octagan, or $15.00 with round barrel.  .Marlin '.Rifles,  model  of  '89, with  octagan barrel, 44 calibre, price $18.00  Marlin Eifles, model '03, 38-55 calibre, octagan barrel, case-hardened mountings, pries $20.00.  Tisdall & Greener shot guns.  Newhousp, Hawley and Norton's  bear, beaver, and other traps.  Rogers' Hunting Knives.  Branches in London (England), New York   and  Chicago and in tho principal cities in Canada.  Buy and sell sterling exchange and cable tranf ers.  Grant commercial aiid travelers' credits, available in any part of the world ;  Drafts issued; Collections made; Etc.  SAVBMGS   BANK   BRANCH.  Rate of interest at present 3A- per cent.  HOTELS.  Three Forks Hotel  71  ttliXMAKElE,  ^-A.^ootx^/heie?.,   IB. G.  ItIHM������E\<;   MATEBtlAL  Whose.  !*'i������"   is   '*'*  The largest bear-skin seen in town this  year, was on exhibition at Green Bros,  Mondav. It measured seven feet four  inches "in length, and the animaMvhose  skin it was, was killed  country by Tom Weir,  now.���������Kaslo Examiner.  E. 0. OAEPENTEE, Manager.  All the principal mines in Slocan District can be  reached in from two to seven miles from this  hotel, which isloeated at Three Forks on Carpenter crock.  The Dining Room is under the immediate sup-  criontendenco of Mr. C. Bowcn, formerly of  Windsor holel of Butte, Montana, and the  Rogers' hotel, Missoula, who will see to it  that the cuisine of the Three Forks is not  excelled by that of any other hotel in West  Kootenay.  Special Ksil.es I'oi* Weekly BJoairiers.  Private Blooms for Transient ('iiesls.  T^HE SUBSCRIBER HAS IN  STOCK or en route from the  Coast :  1 Carload Glass,  Paints and Oils.  2 Carload Sash  and Doors.  2 Carload Dry  Clear Fir  Flooring, 4-  inch.  1 Carload Dry Clear Fir Ceiling, 4 inch  I Carload Factory  Cedar,  An Immense Stock of Common  lumber, Shingles, laths, Mouldings,  Etc., as usual.  G.  O. Buchanan,  Kootenay Lake  Sawmill,  in   the Duncan  whose  skin  it is  G. A. Bigelow left Nelson tor a visit  to Nakusp on Friday. He is attending  to extensive business interests which he  has built up in that locality.  TECDMSEH. HOUSE  Josephine Street.  Hughes & Eeisterer, Props.  ���������>������    KELSOK, B. C.  NELSON AND KASLO.  MB.SCE-'MLAXKOIJ.S.  CLAIM   NOTICES.  "Initial Post" Notices, ilratvn ������ii> mtrici*  the. provisions of the, new Mii-iii;*.  Act. nnri ������iviii<; lucid cJi reel ions tiow  lo Sialic a Claim mirier this Act may  he procured Irons  Turner Bros.  Gilker & Wells, Ten Centsner copy.  Nelson News Depot.  In lots of 50 and 100 at Tiie Minkr Office.  ->*?���������  '('.  ?!3?E  11 r'."*-������������������-,���������, "���������;  v:* Vv^i'  A':  55&3S  m^mm^^^^^^^^'.  tttf  s&a  WW  rV<"l_A*V������  JVOsSH!  3RW  :?>-n?r  ������SBSSSftift8U  ���������3PS*  fc^ig.  j_f_f!_j_  tS&Ss* THE MINER, NELSON,  B. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9,  1893.  ALUMINIUM'S USES.  Indications that the Useful Metal is Becoming  Common aitri Cheap.  The appearance of aluminium cooking  utensils,in the windows of hardware arid'  grocery stores of San Francisco suggests  the fact that the metal is becoming both  common  and cheap.    We  may expect  that it will eventually become as useful  an the household as tin or granite ware,  and  probably it will be found that it is  ���������quite.as  durable.    Aluminium, though  light, is nearly five times heavier  than  the lightest metal of somewhat similar  kind, namely lithium, but all the  other  metals  of the  earths  and   alkalies are  'marked by-their too great combustibility, of which property the photographer  .'.avails himself in magnesium, whence he  obtains   his   flash   light.       Aluminium  alone seems to be useful for mechanical  purposes, and, it is said,  does not corn-,  ibine-with mercury, but there does  not  seem to be a field for it either in quality  -or   price   as    the   substitute   for   iron,  Aluminium   has   been   probably  vastly  overrated as a material for heavy structures, as bridges, etc., but this is no fault  of.the metal.  In this connection it is interesting to  mote"-a press dispatch from Duluth,  ���������Minn., August 23d, declaring that a lo-  -cal chemist has found a process for obtaining aluminium from its own oxide.  The ������������������^discoverer of this process and his  Duluth associates say that, they can pro-"  <luce pure aluminium at a price considerably below that of any of the electrical  processes, and cheaper, bulk for bulk,  than copper. Experiments have been  '-under way where the clay is rich in  aluminium,'for' much over a year, looking to the perfection of the process.���������  Mining and Scientific Press.  C_���������_. i��������� rffc A  tfk A\' A   i^   **������  ^ **  ^   *k   iflkjth 'irtk A A d%k L  stuate on Toad IVBountain, is  e ifiosi Promising invest  merit."of the Season  is Townsite adjoins the Dandy Mine, and but 35������  There M'iisf>be a Town on  Toad Mountain.  ii  the balance in Six Months.  ut 35������ feet from the Silver King  is is the only Available Spot-  srd in Three Months, and  For Fnrtlier Particulars Apply to any Kelson Real Estate Men, or to  9  ran  ieneral Agent.  Hotel, Fredericton.  -Royal'Agiicidtiiral aid Iidiistrial Society of B. C.  ExMMtion & Grand Celebration  AT  GOLD AND SILVEK VALUES  The   <&iicsfioiis   with  Kcsjiet-t, to   Knlio.s   is  Explained Fully.  Just at the present time the question is  frequently asked as to what is meant by  the expression 16 to 1 used in referenceSto  ���������the ratio value of gold and silver. In this  scale the following values would result :  The legal dollar consists of 412.5 grains  of standard silver, the legal gold dollar 25.8  "grains of standard gold.    Both  are nine-  tenths.pure,  one-tenth alloy.    The silver  ���������dollar therefore contains 371.25 (432.5 min-  _s. 41.25) grains  pure silver, 41.25 grains  .-alloy.    The gold dollar contains 23.22 (25.8  minus 2.58) grains pure gold.   The weight  ���������of silver in  one  dollar is therefore 15.98  times the weight of gold, or  practically 16  times the weight of gold.  /^Nominally 16 ounces of silver and one  ���������ounce of gold are the same value.     At the  ratio of 20 to one  the silver  dollar would  contain 464.40 grains of pure silver, or' 516  ���������grains  of   staudard  silver,    twenty times  the weight of the gold dollar, and  the  silver when coined, would be worth $1.03. per  ounce, or over 26 cents per ounce less than  its present value.  St. Marys  District is the Country of Promise.  NE������.������ESTMINST'ER,.B.;e(  ON  Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday  ,   September 26, 27 28 and 29.  '���������<���������'��������� '    . ��������� , .... ���������       a . ���������  $i500.   IN PRIZES   $1500.  ^AAA*nH*^���������   _A-A. ���������i   ifl   I���������-A.  This exhibition-celebration is the largest in t'.e Dominion  west  of  Toronto,   and  the  Liberality of the Premium List and Prizes is unequalled in Western Canada.  First Annual Meet, Division No. 10.���������Canadian  Wheelsman's Association.���������To  decide  Provincial Championship.    The most important cycling event ever held in  the Province." Bicyclists will attend from all parts of B. C, Washington  and Oregon.  Aquatic  Sports  and Canoe Races���������Which  will  include Indian  races in war canoes  between representatives of the different tribes.  Entirely New Feature of a Log Chopping Contest���������In which a large number of the best  axemen in the province will take part.   Compebitition is open to all comers  add handsome Gold Medals will be awarded to the winners.  l������eaX Esfca.e aijci Miijiijg prokersj  JLaijcl SlirVeiJorsj  Mini  eers,  General  Agej^is  for  -iy ^r^t^^/upw'VfVWV'V'V^VV  Horse Races,  Championship Lacrosse  Match,  ��������� VICTOEIA VS WESTMINSTER  The Supply Town of the  Rich   Lardo-Duncan  District.  e  The Head of Navigation on Kootenay Lake,  and you must go there to get into the  DTHNTOAN    GOLD    FIELDS.  _fc>   __l   -*_   A   irfK   -ft-   A   _Jk   __*!   _B_  The   Centre   of  One   of   the   Richest   Mining  Regions in  3STorth America.  Silver Slumps  Cannot afiect it as its  ores run 50 per cent  in Copper.  Get Posted  G-et Posted upon the  Possibilities . of..this  Section at once and  Secure  Yourself in the Era  of Prosperity -which  is dawning.  Notice  How things Shapen  m  a few weeks.  Junior Lacrosse Tournament for Championship Trophy.  Eugby and Association Football Matches.  Sailors' Sports, Field Sports, Eifle Matches,  Grand Ball and Promenade Concert.  The Westmipster City Band and  other  Bands  will  be present  aud dispense music  ���������   throughout the Exihibition-Celebration.  Syecial accommodations will be provided for visitors.  ��������� Excursion rates have been secured over all Bailway and Steamihip Lines for vis-  iiors and for freight rates on exhibits.  There will be no charge for exhibits crossing the Fraser at New Westminster.  For further particulars as   to prizes, sports and celebration, see Society's Prize  List and small programmes of celebration.  Further information will be gladly furnished on application to  W.  A.  JOWETT  ���������    ���������  Auctioneer and Commission Agent.  UKI'RESENTINf;  A. B. MAOKEFZIE,  General-Secretary.  D. S. CUETIS, ' T. J. TRAPP,  Chairman of Celebration President K. A.  Committee. and I. Society.  _To. 1, JOSEPHINE STREET,  NELSON, B. 0.  The Confederation Life Association, the Phcenix Firo  Insurance Company, and the Provident Fund Accident  Society : also tho Sandy Croft Foundry Company, near  Chester, England, makers of all kinds of mining machinery, air compressors, rock hreakcrs, stamps, etc.  ������AW  Adjoining- the government townsite of Nelson  P. O. box 69.  Telephone 24.  ITE  %t C  S. E. corner Baker and Josephine streets,  NELSON, B. C.  REAL ESTATE,  FINANCIAL AND  INSURANCE AGENTS,  Loans negotiated on Nelson property.     Collections made.     Conveyancing documents drawn up.  Town Lots Lands and Mining Claims Handledon Oommis! ion.  With a rebate for buildings erected.   The best residential  property in  Nelson,  values sure  to increase.   Apply  \V.  A.  Jowett,  agent  for Nelson and district.  or Inncs & Richards, Vancouver, B.C.  AT  S 125.00  AND  W. A. JOWETT, UPWARDS.  Mining and Eeal Estate Brokers, Auctioneers and Commission Agent.  .JOSKI'KINK  STRKETS.  NBLSOX, B.C.  JOE PRINTING,  DONE W9TH NEATNESS  AND DESPATCH AT THE  OF EVERY KIND AND  DESCRIPTION,  tf"fl  '^  /������������������\  L  ������aMi__u'aag___&_&*_p^  i , > j  u ** a-���������r  THE;MINER, NELSON,  B, Gv, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9,  1893.:  IllillfS  INTERESTING ITEMS: FROM VARIOUS  POINTS  Tlie Trail <Jrcck: Country,Continues to I'ro.s-  ,    '  t(' ���������   ts.A   ��������� .;   :   ,,.!    A- ' A      ;������������������  .      '��������� ������������������  per.   The lirst Carloan of ore .from I lie  Rounrinry Creek District Shipped to Tsico-  jna.   General'Notes."  extensive litigation. The report of the  surveyor who made a joint survey of  the two claims has been accepted by  both sides.  The news from the Trail Creek country continues to be of a' very, encouraging nature. All of the principal claims  are being worked to a greater or less  extent, and generally with good results.  On many of the properties preparations  are being made to continue work all  winter.  Recent development work done on the  Cliff claim, the property of Thompson &  Wharton, has brought to light one of  the largest ore bodies ever uncovered  in the camp. The ledge matter runs  from twelve to thirteen feet in width,  and assays have been secured ranging  from $39.50 to $41.62 in gold per ton.  Capt. Adams.of Montreal, is one of  the Canadians who is investing heavily  in the Slocan country with full faith in  the ultimate outcome. He and a nu'm-  ber of Boston capitalists who are associated with hirn are pushing their assessment and development work with a  view to entering on energetic mining  early in the coming year. Their object  is ^o work all their properties themselves'.  In addition to^the BonjTon claim, this  company owns the Charnblet and Brit:  pinarte claims. A force of men are at  work on these properties, and already a  tunnel is in about 50 feet on  the  ledge.  The ore is a good concentrating galena  and lies in *x large body that runs to 3  feet   of clean ore.    This company ^also  own some.promising claims near Ainsworth upon which assessment aud development work is now being done.  tARIETIES1 OP OPAL  The Q..K.. claim Js making a record  for itself ,6f late. A strike was rWade oh  this property a few days ago, .and out  of one" pocket six or sReven nundred dollars were, pounded in a hand mortar in  a few days. A crusher which was ordered some time before the new strike, is  expected soon, and wheii: it. arrives a  force, of tiien will be nut- .^on' and the  property opened up in good shape.  Some favorable looking  ore  is being  taken out of the Homestake rnine No.,2.c  The ledge is well defined and in .a", good  formation.    The ore body is' about four  feet in width, and samples have been secured that assay $30 in silver and $28' in  gold. _______  The first carload of ore ever snipped  from the Boundary creek district was  sampled at the Tacoma smelter during  the past week. There, were 3S5 sacks in  the lot, weighing in all 21,000 pounds.  At current quotations the ore carried  over $160 in silver/and $100 in gold per  ton. Howard C. Walters, who shipped  the ore, returned home yesterday.  He reports that'  the  Tac-Vuna  smelter  is still in active operation, but produces  only $3,C0O worth of   bullion  ciaiJy,   as  against double that ��������� amount  when  the  slump in silver.    "It is," said Mr.   Walters, "decidedly creditable, to   the  management that the  smeller  continues  in  operation at all, aud the   miners  of  the  & northwest would regard 'its suspension as  little less than   the crowning  adversity  of the year.   At present tlie  purchases  of ore are limited to actual requirements  for mixing with the ore on hand, aud to  the product of districts that were,  shipping to Tacoma when the oteer smeltets  closed down.  ,      i..    ��������� '.   ���������  The regular weekly report froth our  superentendent in the Boundary creek  district indicates that .the Providence  arid Skylark claims are doing handsomely, and we will continue shipments as  long as the smelters can purchase ore.  If silver is further depreciated, or is  mane a fluctuating article like copper or  lead, the silver smelters will be compelled to go out of business entirely as they  are obliged to buy large stocks of ore six  to twelve montes in advance of actual  use and will riot be, able to quote prices  and terms of payment that will enable  sale of ore necessary to the operation of  the mines.  This fact many people do not understand, and affords one of the greatest  reasons why silver can not be ruthlessly pushed aside,'for with suspension of  the silver'smelters arid mines will come  such'a great diminution of the annual  gold product that the white metal must  speedily be restored to its legitimate  place in1 the coinage of the world."  Description of the Varieties of this Precious  <iem as Found Everywhere.     ���������.  In view olf the recent find of opal and  opaLindications around Trout Lake, the  following frorii the Mining and Scientific  Press will be of interest::  There are three varieties of this fam-  ous'gerii;    Ranking first comes .the." Orient: al; as Second in' value;comes the   fire;  >ind lastly, the common opal.    Theaffec-  tibn for this  treasure,   as expressed  by  the ancients,���������,,can; hardly be   believed.  Nonnius,   a Roman  senator,  abolutely  preferred exile.to parting with a  brilliant   opal'   6_. the   size    of    a    filbert,  earnestly coveted by Marc Antony.    An  opal ranking as'third among the  finest  in the world is described as having three  longitudinal bands   of    the    harlequin  kind1, froiAi the upper most of which arose  perpendicularly  the  most   resplendent  flames.:  It measured nine inches by six.  In t!he last century a very  round and  brilliant opal was  the property of   the  amateur Pleury. . Another,  said  to  be  facinatingTy vit/i'd, was owned by a noted  French financier.    These two were regarded as   marvals   of   beauty   among  gems. . On account of the thousand  fis-.  sures of the stone, engraving is always  difficult and often   impossible.   A head  of Sappho engraved upon a "presumable  opal", an antique, has   been highly  valued and carefully studied by experts  in  gem lore.    It is catalogued, so we read,  among the treasures of a princely house.  ^ the largest a  Groceries, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hardware/  Crockery, and Glassware,: in ^  arid ah we sell for cash on afford to> ^// ^/  prices  youtsei  erv com  Gall'andT prove Mis for  <3  Telephone 27.  7, 9, and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON, B. 0;  I  A . recently finished, well-  equipped hotel at Duncan City  erected on two of the best lots  in the townsite, for sale or to  lease.  .Any one desiring the property cari: have imhiediate pos-  jsession-.  )"���������    ���������.   For tetms apply,to,-";.  C.HAMBER,  iNelsoii," B. C.  CENTRALLY   SITUATED.  CHARGES   MODERATE.  MODERN   CONVENIENCES.  Ftf-il  SOll,        P.      C.  CONDUCTED   ON   FIRST-CLASS    PRINCIPLES  Special arrangements niade with families remaining for Lengthy Periods  Attractive Dining-Room. First-CIass Bill of Fare.  Guests Spared the usual Noises from Bars and Billiard-ltooms.  mrs. Mcdonald, Prop:  EE OUR NEW  AT  ets  NELSON AND KASLO.  Violins,  Guitars,  Piccolos^  Toys at 20% Discount to Prepare  for Fall Stock.  TURNER  BROS,  Kaslo May WiiKe up.  Alonzo D. Coplin, brother of George  Coplin of Latah, returned Friday frorii  Kaslo aud New Denver, says the Spokane Review, and left to visit friends in  Latah for some time.  '.'The Kaslo country," he said to a reporter, "is in a state of coma pending  the fate of silver and the movement to.  a'certain''degree of lead. It is a good  country though, and some are going  ahead yet,*confident that the future is  assured. Reports from railroad work  are favorable for the completion of the  road from Nakusp to the head of the  lake this winter. With favorable legislation the country will yet be the liveliest corner of the universe.  Will contract to Supply Mining Companies and  Steam Boats with fresh meats, and deliver  same at any mine or landing in tlie Kootenay Lake Country.  Nelson Office and Market, 11 East Baker St  '��������� Kaslo Market, Front Street.  The first copies of  'S  of West- Kootenay  an  ryggss  Drugs,  Chemicals,  Perfumes,  Pateiit MedMnM  Will arrive in Nelson  durino: the  week,  coming  Another rich strike of free milling ore  has.been made on Siwash creek, in the  Yale district. The locality adjoins the  New Whatcom company's ground. The  find is a decomposed quartz assaying as  high as $130 per( tori.  The Yale Hydraulic Company made a  clean up after a weeks run a few days  ago.' The exact figures were not given  but the result was announced as being  of a vpry satisfactory nature  Leave your orders at the  G. & K. S. N. C. offiice.  0or. Baker  arid   ���������.  ���������Josephine  Streets,  Kelson, B. 0.  The trouble over the line between the  Bon Ton and the Big Bertha claims at  one lime appeared as if it might lead  to  Brashes, and Jaf 0ffioe  Toilet   Articles' Of     Kootenay  Xjfl HTP  Every Description.   Telephone.  A   large   and   Complete   Stock  of Wall  Paper.  JTS,  pants;   pants;  To malte room for Fall Stoclc  I will sell fifty pairs of Pants  at $7; $8; and ������9 each, or  three for $20, $23 aiid $25,  also suits from $30, lip. rTow  is the time to  save  money.  SQUIBB  rher Ward  and  Baker  Streets,  We carry full linos of all kinds of furniture for residences,  hotels, and offices.   Mattresses made to order, and  at prices lo\ve'r than eastern and coast.  Wo arc also   agents   for  EVANS   PIANOS   AND   DOHERTY   ORGANS.  ������> ������ ������ ���������������  ������^^  NELSON stoke:  Xo. 4 Houston ������fc Ink ISuildlng, Josephine Street.  STABLES  WILSOI  San  Get quotation's on these  Materials from  &   WILLIAMSON,  PBOPRIETORS.  HAY AND GRAIN F0K SALE.  You Drink Beer, dp Course?  Then Drink the Best.  PABSTS   IS   TH  T.  Omnibus and carriages to and from all trains and  steamboat wharvesi   Saddle and pack animals  for hire.   Freight hauled, and all kinds of job  teaming attended t'oV  "���������"���������able on Baker Street  Office with' Wibori &" Perdue  Be sure you get it..  The best, qualty and lowest prices in  Liquors, Cigars, and Provisions at  %  BAKER STREET,   NELSON.  AGENTS FOK  Hiram \JTalker, & Son's,  Limited  and  Fort Garry Flour Mills  Manitoba  *��������� -   i -  ���������>_���������>���������  :m  -*:v;j  -   ** *

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