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The Miner Sep 13, 1890

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 Only Paper  Printed in the  Kootenay I<alie Mining Districts.'  For Rates  of Subscription and  Advertising  See Fourth  Page.  i\  NTJMBEE 13.  NELSON,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUKDAY,   SEPTEMBER  13,   1890.  teA TEAK.  THE   WEEK'S ".'MINING'   NEWS    SUMMED  'UP.  But little of interest in the mining line has  occurred during the week, and but little is likely  to happen during the remainder of Ithe season.  It is now believed that there is no hope for the  completion this fall of the branch road between  Nelson and Sproat, notwithstanding the prom-  ises of th.e������ railroad officials. Fully 95 per cent  of the new men brought in from the east for  contractor Keefer did not go nearer the work  than Sproat, there taking the trail for Washington. It is stated they remarked that they  would not work for the Canadian Pacific even  if paid at the rate of $5 a day.    All this is discouraging to the owners of claims who hoped to  make ore shipments to the Revelstoke smelter  this fall.    They are unable financially to carry  on development work and ore extraction and  wait until next summer for returns; and, accordingly, have about concluded to wait until  next summer before beginning work on a scale  ��������� ..that-would insure an ore output to. prove the  worth of their claims and the "merits of their  respective districts.  At the Poorman, men have  been laid off on account of the scarcity of water  in the mill ditch, but they were told that they  would again be put on should the water supply  be appreciably, increased by rainfall.    The last  cleanup at the mill is reported the largest made  during the run.    Work on the tunnel to tap the  ledge at a depth of 300 feet is expected to begin  within the month, as there is sufficient water in  the ditch to run a Burleigh drill, which will be  used in prosecuting the work.    At 49 creek^jLt  was expected that everything to begin hydrau^?  licing     wTouid      be     in     shape     today,     and  that    operations    would     be     in     full     blast  on    Monday.      There     is    no    doubt   of     the  existence   of    gold   in    the   gravel   in   paying  quantities, and the men  who  have put in the  hydraulic  plant are  workers.      A  number   of  miners are sluicing above the hydraulic company's ground, and making wages, one of them,  K. B. Brown, picking up  a $5  nugget one day  last week.      Chinese   are -prospecting   on   the  creek below the government trail, and are said  to  be  meeting  with  good success.     About 3������  miles up the creek from the trail P. P. Price and  Roderick McLeod have 2 quartz locations, the  May and the Jenny, which show an oxidized ore  carrying free  gold.   The ledges are from 4 to (i   j  feet In width.    Last month a 250-pound sample   !  was sent  out to  the   Spokane Falls samphng   j  works for a test, but returns have not yet been   |  received.   At the head of Rover creek is another  gold district, discovered by John Wallace in the  summer of 1889.    On a claim called the Whitewater he and his associates are driving a tunnel,   |  which is now'in about 100 feet. ' The ore, in rose   j  quartz, gives assays averaging $100 in gold to the   '  ton.    Joe Wilson expects to begin packing ore   j  from the Hall mines to the landing at Nelson on   j  Monday.    An ore-shed to house it has been  er-   I  ected on the river bank, In Jlot Springs district,   |  15 men are at work on the Skyline, and about   ���������  as many more on  the  United  and No, 1.    The   j  rich streak in the United is next the foot-wall   I  and is about 18 inches in width,    in specimens   i  brought to Nelson  native  silver is almost as   j  plainly visible as  cube galena is  in  specimens   \  taken from near the surface.    Assays of $4000   j  and  upwards  have been  obtained, and fully 2   j  tons of the high-grade ore are now on the dump.   |  Picked specimens, nearly as large as a standard  dollar, of pure silver are on exhibition at the  mine.     The same  character  of   ore   has  been  struck in   the Neosho, a claim about half a mile  southwest  from   the United.      The  Neosho  is  owned    by    about   a    dozen    of   Ainsworth's  leading citizens, everyone of whom expect  to  make a large "nest egg" out of the property.   J.  M. Buckley, at one time superintendent of the  Northern  Pacific system west of Helena, Montana, and more recently superintendent of the  Spokane   Falls <&   Northern,  came   in  by  the  Galena on Monday to look at claims he has an  interest in, and before leaving  made arrange-  in en ts for prosecuting development work on  them. S. II. Northey started for Butte, Montana, on Friday j for a steam hoist and pump for  the Little Donald. The boiler will be 20 horsepower. The Little Donald is owned by the Davenports, and mr. Northey has a contract for  sinking on it. The Goat river district is said to  be promising well, although prospecting is difficult because of the depth of alluvium. Two  assays made last week gave 45 ounces in silver  and 80 per cent lead and 22 ounces in silver and  60 per cent lead. No news whatever from Trail  creek this week.  Placer Miners in Hani Luck on the Yukon.  ^EdrnoiitorrBruletih 30th:    A letter from W.  R.  Lloyd, late of Edmonton, dated at 40-mile  Creek, Yukon river, Alaska, says:    ''We have  been out of luck this year on 40-mile Creek.  The river has flooded us out all summer. The  first flood cleaned everyone out of their wheels,  fluming, ditching, etc. They all went to work  and replaced their losses and when nicely  finished a second flood tore everything away.  The river continued to flood all summer, so that  the miners have had a poor season of it. I have  a winter claim which I expect to do well in.  Baptiste Pilon, who left Edmonton in the spring  of 1888 by way of the Athabasca and Mackenzie  rivers, arrived here on the 20th of August, 1889.  He had a hard time. He crossed the 80-mile  portage between Peel and Porcupine rivers, and  had to leave everything behind him as he could  not pack it. A United States survey party  arrived at Ogilvie's old winter quarters on the  19th of August, 1889, where they intend to winter, about 30 miles below 40-mile Creek; and  ahBtner party' went up the Porcupine river.  Not  up to the Regal Requirement.  The mineral act is very plain in one provision,  that is, requiring stakes  to  be at least 4 inches  square and not less than 4 feet in height.    Judge  Walkem, in a recent decision, states that claim-  holders must comply With the law in this respect if they wish to hold their ground. Many  claims in both the Toad Mountain and Hot  Springs districts are marked by stakes that fall  far short of the law's requirement. Boys, see  that your stakes are the right size; it may save  you much trouble in the future.  'Neglecting Their Owu Best Interests.  No effort as yet has  been made  to forward  specimens to the Spokane Falls exposition from  the claims in Toad Mountain district.    This does  not speak well for the claim-owners of the district, as the invitation has been a cordial one,  coupled with a proposition that if the ore was  laid down at the steamboat landing it  would be transported free to Spokane. It is not  yet too late to take action in the matter, as the  exposition does not open till October 1st.  New Townsite on Kootenay f^ake.  No better  view of Kootenay lake and river  (or  outlet) can   be  had than  at Busk's   point,  which is bounded on the east by the lake and on  the south by the river (or outlet). This available piece of ground has been platted for a  townsite, and given the name of Balfour, in  honor of the man who rules Ireland through a  secretaryship in lord Salisbury's cabinet. The  lots are 25 x 120 in size, fronting on streets 60 feet  wide.         Additional  Town Lots BScing Surveyed.  Surveyor Wilmot expects to get through the  work of surveying the  Nelson townsite within  3  weeks.     The  lots  will be  25 x 120 feet.    The  owners of Ainsworth also expect to have that  townsite surveyed this fall. These surveys will  give every man, woman, and child in the 2  camps about 10 lots apiece, provided they can  rustle money enough to bid them in at the auction, or buy them at the upset price afterwards.  MEN   ,ARE    ENTITLE!*    TO   THEIR    OPINIONS.  Tolerance is a virtue that should be practised  by miners, and prospectors as well as by people  following other vocations. Men should be allowed to express their opinions on the value of  the 'material resources of this section of  country as freely as they are privileged to express their religious or political convictions, if  there are mines in the camps on Kootenay lake,  or in the districts adjacent thereto, no one  man's expression of opinion will make them  either more or less valuable, or of lesser or  greater depth. "Proof of the pudding is in  the eating thereof," is an old saying and is very  applicable to the mining industry. If the owners of claims believe in their value, let them  back up their belief by actual work. The work  will go farther than "expert" opinion in proving whether a claim is a mine or merely a  "blow-out" or a "gash vein" or a "deposit" of  no particular value. Until the worth of a claim,  or a district, for that matter, is proved by actual work, "experts" are entitled to their opinions, and should be allowed to express them  without running the risk of being "ducked" or  "run out" of the country. It takes lots of  horse-sense and hard work to develop a-mining  camp. Bull-dozing has never yet changed a  man's opinion, and it is a mighty poor factor to  use in demonstrating the worth of a piece of  ground supposed to contain minerals of value.  Making Haste Slowly.  The right-of-way on the Columbia & Kootenay is cleared to the 130 station, a point about 2  miles  west of Nelson.     The track is  within  2  miles of the Slocan, and will be up to that  stream next week. The length of time it remains there depends entirely on the progress  made on the bridge, suitable timbers being hard  to get, it is said. That the road will be to navigable water before navigation closes this fall is  very doubtful, for the reason that it is almost  impossible to get new ��������� men to work for the  wages offered, and the contractors cannot pay  more and come out even on the work. The  grading between Nelson and the crossing of the  Kootenay is principally rock work, and it is  thought now that men will be kept on it all  winter.   Misinformed.  Last week The Miner stated, on the authority of the man who sent the samples, that the  Revelstoke smelter could not work the ores of  Trail Creek. This is a mistake. The smelter  people could not afford to start up the sampling  machinery to make a run on 4 sacks of ore, and  the owner of the ore did not feel like paying  the expense of making the run. The ore from  Trail Creek can be handled at Revelstoke, say  the smelter people, as well as it can be handled  anywhere; and as soon as other ores are on  hand, they will be only too glad to make working tests of samples sent them. No hopes are  now entertained of getting ore through this  fall from the camps on Kootenay Lake.  Will ���������arry  Mail Mutter Free.  All mail matter addressed to the miners and  prosj)ectors at Trail Creek will be carried free by  the steamer Lytton from Sproat or Little Dalles.  This accommodation will be given until a post-  office is established at that camp, which, judging from the time taken in getting an office  established at Ainsworth, will be in   the  year  1894.  _   Mope to Make a Shipment of Ore This Fall.  Back of Windermere, on the lower Columbia  lake, is a copper location that is attracting considerable attention. The owners hope to be  able to make a shipment to Great Falls, Montana, this fall, via the new road from Leth-  bridge south. Assays made at Spokane Falls  gave returns of $262 in silver. THE MINES :   JTELSOff,  B. C,  SATUEDAY,  SEPTEMBEK 13,  1890.  Goods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect, Olaini, or M^  <3j&.3Eltt-?r   FULL   LINES   OF  LIES, IRON AND  GROCERIES,        FLOU  BUILDERS'  , DRY G  Drugs and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth.  TEEL  H    wan Bros mm*  AND FE  OTS ANDSHO  AINSWORTH, B.G., and REVELSTOKE, B.G.  HARDWARE,  Uvy  NO.    .  TBIE ,. WO.RK' ''OF   ONE   MINING   COMPACT  AIOJfE..  The following from the Mining Press of San  Francisco, of August SQth, is an authentic dis-  cription, of a great mining property, but not  greater than is likely to be developed on Toad  Mountain, if the Kootenay Bonanza-Silver King-  group should become the property of as enterprising mining men as those who own the Anaconda properties at Butte, Montana. The Ana-  conda-St. Lawrence claims were located by the  Hickey brothers in 1876. Some time after making the locations they gave Charles X. Larrabie  a one-half interest to sink a shaft 50 feet on the  vein. Then afterwards Marcus Daly acquired  one-third of the mine for doing some further development work, and it did not attract much  attention for several years. In November, 1880,  mr. Daly bonded the other 2 interests for $10,000  each, and went to work to thoroughly satisfy  himself as to the .t worth of the in in e, which thus  far had been considered a silver prospect, as  after the property wTas merged into the Anaconda company, the first plant that was ordered  for the property by that company was a complete dry-crushing silver mill; but before they  had it placed, the sinking ran into copper ore  and they abandoned the silver idea.  A large 3-compartm en t.shaft was sunk to the  1000-foot level and stations cut; cross-cuts and  levels run at each 100 feet, and a locality for a  large reduction works was sought. The nearest  point that was feasible was selected on Warm  Springs creek, 22 miles southwest of Butte, and  what was at that time considered a monster  plant was placed with a capacity for handling  1200 tons daily. It was but a short time until  the development of the mine showed such  enormous ore reserves that they decided to increase their capacity to sufficient size to work  3000 tons daily. 'This. was all decided and the  preliminary work begun before Secretan and  his French syndicate began the bulling of the  price of copper, which was then below 10 cents  ���������a proof that the price of the red metal cut no  figure with the capitalists who are behind the  enterprise.  Their immense new smelter was about completed when a fire took place and the whole  plant was consumed. What would have  swamped an ordinary mining company was not  considered by these'gentlemen. They at once  began to clear away the debris and place orders  for the iron, and the new or lower smelter is  again in complete running order, and is now  fire-proof, being wholly constructed of iron.  The old or upper works are now being gradually torn out and rebuilt of iron. When they  are completed, the Anaconda will have the most  extensive and best'constructed reduction works  in the woi^ld. The question of cost has never  been considered. When any machinery is  placed, the only.query is, will it do the work,  and will it give us better results at a lower cost  of handling our immense output? If it will do  this they want it, whatever it may be, and in  carload lots.  The magnitude of this company's operations  can scarcely be conceived by parties who are unfamiliar with large workings. Their shipments  of copper matte during the past year amounted  to over 30,000 tons.    The estimate of the amount  of silver in this is nearly 2,000,000 ounces, and  the appreciated prices of this year will largely  swell the gross product of the company. The  company have expended in development, purchasing mines, and in their plant since November, 1880, to January 1st, 1890, over $24,000,000. It  almost takes a man's breath away to think of  the amount, but when the fact is considered that  they use 75,000 tons of coal, and a like number of  cords of wood, and 15,000,000 feet of lumber during a year, and that the railroads receive from  the Anaconda company in the vicinity of  $1,000,000 in freights, the sum total is not so surprising.  The Anaconda and St. Lawrence have not yet  recovered their places as ore producers since the  fire of November, 1889, but by September 1st  everything will be in shipshape order. During  all the time since the fire occurred they have  kept their shipments up to about 1800 tons daily  by increasing the output of the Chambers syndicate mines, consisting of the Wake-Up .Tim  Wild Bill, Modoc, High Ore, Bell, Mountain  Consolidated, and Buffalo Diamond. These have  all been developed from 500 to 1000 feet in depth  and stations cut with cross-cuts to the leads,  levels run, man-holes put in, and everything is  shaped up for extraction of ore whenever-  wanted in quantities to suit the requirements of  their reduction facilities.  In the vicinity of the smelting works is a lively  city of nearly 7000 people that sports all the  modern .improvements of the day���������fine water  works, electric lights, and the finest hotel building in Montana. There is nothing to compare  with it between St. Paul and Portland.  The general manager and prime mover in this  gigantic enterprise is Marcus Daly, who came  into Butte with the second emigration or rather  during the quartz excitement. For a time he  operated in the intesest of Walker brothers of  Salt Lake, and during this time opened up  the Alice mine and built the plant now  crushing ore on that property. Becoming  dissatisfied, he sold his stock in that company, resigned his position as superintendent  and struck out to find a better thing, as the  saying goes, and he has certainly been successful in the superlative degree. He has looked  after the company's many interests since that  time in a most satisfactory manner. He has  found time to improve a large ranch and build  an elegant home in Bitter Root vallej^, and has  stocked the ranch with some of the finest horses  in the land. Mr. Daly is certainly possessed of  wonderful executive ability to be able to direct  the development of the large group of in in es  and build the enormous plant now in operation  by the company. It is fair to presume that a  portion of his success may be attributed to his  discernment in selecting his lieutenants, as but  few changes occur in his official family. Mike  Carroll went to work with him on the shaft  that was sunk under the bond from Hickeys &  Larrabie, and he is still mining superintendent,  and there are not many nooks and corners in  the properties that Carroll is not familiar with.  The company has directly in its employ at the  mines and smelters about 3000 men, and indirectly nearly as many more gain a livelihood,  making it a heavy contributor to the general  prosperity of the new state of Montana.  The future development of the properties is  full of possibilities, but of ore reserves that are  already open and capable of being measured up,  they have many years' work in sight.    The lead  on the 1000-foot level is 21 sets of timber wide, all  of which is mined and sent to the works at Anaconda. This will show what a mountain'.of ore  they have to draw from for their future supplies'. Humors have been circulated at times during the past 12 months that an English syndicate was  negotiating for the  Anaconda prop  erties, but no evidence can be obtained oh the  subject that can be considered authentic.    The  work of improving and completing their operations is carried on with the same vim and activity that has characterized their work from the  beg-inning, and to the general observer, would  give the idea that they were preparing to produce copper and silver by the carload for the  next century.    The management of  the  Anaconda company are always on the alert for new  properties, and when  a new  camp  starts up,  either in Montana, Idaho,,or British Columbia,  they are  sure to  have  representatives on the  ground to look the field over, and if it promises  well for the future, they will have bonds on a,  number of the prospects and always push the  prospecting of a new camp along rapidly.   They  have  ample means  to put in  machinery, and  arrive at results in a few months that the original locators might struggle with for years and  then  have  to  forfeit  their rights.     They frequently have differences and troubles with the  railroads on the matter of keeping up their supplies, and at one time it was thought the company would build and operate their own road  from the mines to the reduction works.    When  the railroads see that they are taking chances of  losing their best patron, they always come to  time, and all goes serene for a"time. 'The visitor  who   passes   through  Butte  without taking a.  drive around and  seeing the number of properties of the Anaconda, company, and the magnitude of their operations, and their concentrating, milling and smelting plant, has not seen  the most interesting portion of a trip to Butte.  Sacrificed to tlie French Vote.  'General -Middleton gave a correspondent of  the Toronto Globe to understand that in order- <���������  ing the confiscation of Bremner's property in  1885, he acted altogether upon the advice of  Hayter'Reed, special representative of the government in the northwest at the time of the rebellion. Sir Fred's feeling is one of resentment  and bitterness.    He believes he has been badly  and shabbily treated Jby the government, politicians and press. He labors under a sense of  injustice and undeserved censure and sting of  forgotten services. He said: "They appear to  forget that I risked my life for them. I am  treated in this way all because of politics. I  dont mean party for I have no preference, but  it was because I was a British soldier. I was  sacrificed to the French vote. That's the long  and. short of it." "You do not think then that  the government acted properly towards you?"  "I do not think the government did what they  might have done." "Do you think the head of  your own department did what he could for  you?" ''Well,iie says he did. Mark my words,"  continued sir Fred, "there will be a re-action" in  my favor. The press of Canada will be sorry  for what they have written." To make the  matter worse against Canada and Canadians,  general Middleton's wife is a French Canadian  lady, so that his personal sympathies were nat-'  urally not only Canadian but French Canadian.  mr.wmuuws^KMBM THE MIffEB:   KELSON,   E.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  SEPTEMBEE  13,  1890.  n  a  NELSON and SPEOAT.  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at ainy mine in the  district.   Orders from lake points promptly filled.  PACK    TRAI  running between Nelson and Sproat, and between Nelson  and adjacent mines.   Will contract to deliver  mining machinery on any mine in  the district.  ���������       *  All Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  promptly forwarded to destination.  CORRAL AND STABLING  at both Nelson and Sproat, where saddle animals can be  hired and job wagons engaged. ���������  NELSON OFFICE AND, MAEKET:  NO. I! EAST BAKER STREET  GecTK Rffllis, ^07  Member <of Society of Chemical Industry;  Author of "Practical Organic Analysis," of  "Tlie Iron ������res of tlie World," JEtc., Etc.  Expert   in   the   "Bluebird" Mining   Suit.  MINING   EXPERT   AND   CHEMIST  NELSON, B.-C-  REVISED   ASSAY   CHARGES.  Silver, Gold or Lead....:............ .:���������.���������  :.$I..50  Copper     .:  2 50  Silver and Lead....,.. >:..........;...................,. 2 00  Silver, Gold and Lead................................... 3 00  Silver and Copper.  ... ���������  8 00  Silver, Gold and Copper.   ....... 4 00  Silver and Gold :  2 00  Three samples for Silver or for Lead.  3 50  Mineral properties managed and reported upon.   Interests of non-residents attended to.  W. Bredemeyer, Ph. Dr.  (Late partner of John McVicker's, Salt Lake City)  ASSAYER,  Mining Engineer, and Provincial and U. S. Surveyor.  AGENT FOR HAND'S   FIREWORKS.  Masonic Temple Block, Vancouver, B. C.  RATES FOR ASSAYING.  Silver, Lead, or Gold... $2 00   Coppci\Silver and G old. $2 50  Zinc or Arsenic.  5 00  Silver or Gold bullion.., 3 00  Silver and Lead or Silver and Gold    2 00  Iron, Lime, Silica or Manganese ,  .   5 00  Sealed sample for Lead, Silver and Gold ..........   4 00  Sealed sample for Copper, Silver and Gold    5 00  Lead bullion, for Silver and Gold   .  .'.'   2 00  Assays from Kootenay district promptly attended to.  Makes reports on and surveys and maps of mines. Thirty  years experience; speaks 10 languages.   Terms, cash.  a  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  Baker Street, near Josephine,  All Work  Turned  Out Promptly  and in First-Class Style.   None but White  Bffclro Employed.  -^X_.io:S   FOSTER,   !&^-?<T^.G-ttJEl-  PBONEER   BARBER SHOP.  Shaving, Hair Gutting, Shampooing,  East Baker street, next door to Post-office, Nelson.  MINERAL   CLAIMS   R���������������ORI������EE>.  Following- are the mineral claims recorded in  the government office at Nelson during the week:  Friday, September 5th���������Re-record in favor of S. Ii. Divine of the Nonpareil, situate on Toad mountain.  Saturday, September 6th���������The Wellington, situate on  Toad mountain, about 500 feet west from the Silver King,  on the southside of the Dandy; Nathan E. Lay, locator.  Monday, September 8th���������Record of permission granted  by G. C. Tun stall on Angust 25th to John Blackhall to remove the ordinary stakes of the mineral claim Comstock  No. 2, situate at Trail creek, 300 feet to the south, provided  he does not interfere with any other person's ground adjoining.  Tuesday, September 9th���������The Gilt Edge, on the north  side of the Kootenay river, opposite the mouth of Bird  creek, near the bank of the river; Thomas Connors, Harry  Ri Kribbs, and Donald Dunn, locators.  Students Savagely Repriman<Ied by a College B>ean.  There is excitement and deep indignation?in  the ranks of the British aristocracy.    The dean  of Christ Church college, Oxford, has insinuated  that it is going down to the lowest abyss of degradation, and carrying with it the honor and  greatness of England. This severe disciplinarian, annoyed by the frequent cases of intoxication and lewdness reported to him, "called up"  some recently arrived Eton collegians, all of  whom are sons of lords, baronets, ambassadors,  and representatives of wealth generally. Said  he: "Students of Christ church���������I wish I could  also say gentlemen���������the time has come to call  you to very serious account. It pains me to  receive reports that you so behave yourselves  within the precincts of this seat of learning���������  whence have arisen some of England's greatest  and noblest men���������as to be called a nuisance and  disturbers of the common peace. Your brawls  and indiscretions scandalize the residents, whose  wives and daughters fear you as they would  savage animals of the lower order.  "You consider that because you are the sons  of nobility you are entitled to extravagant liberty, to be distended to vulgar license. You are  laboring under a delusion from which you may  have a very rude awakening. This college is  not intended for well-born dunces such as you.  "You are not content/with manly recreations  such as your forefathers delighted to en joy���������  the pleasures of the field, of the river, of home.  You court fiercer and disreputable pleasures���������  drinking to excess in public places, to show your  quality, it is said; gambling in gilded parlors  to show how wealthy you are; following 'after  women, whose presence by the side of your  mothers and sisters you would resent as contagious contact. Yet you do not hesitate to place  yourself on a level with them and lay a foundation for degradation which must follow through  lite.  "What husbands and fathers of the future! It  is such as you who have demoralized tutors and  guardians who have toadied to wealth and  position for personal benefit. You should be  examples to the poor and struggling. You are,  I repeat, only a. disgrace."  A Strike Amicably  Settled.  A report comes from Donald that the superintendent of the Pacific division had a small strike  on his hands, which lasted 24 hours. A rule of  the company prescribes that freight trains eastward bound over the Selkirks shall carry crews  proportioned to the length of the trains. Lately  conductor .Tamieson brought a train over, and  on arriving at Roger's Pass refused to go down  the steep grade with 24 cars unless the required  number of brakemen were aboard. These were  not forthcoming, and mr. Jamieson held the  train until he picked up a full crew. For this  detention he and his crew, it is said, were discharged. On learning this, the other freight  crews refused to go on duty when called. After  talking the matter over with the boys, the superintendent very wisely ordered ttiem all back  to work.  Too Close-Fisted and IPenwriows.  In all new communities like Nelson many necessary conveniences can only be had by contributions of either labor or money. These contributions should be cheerfully given, as they  result in public and not individual good. Luckily for Nelson, there is but one businessman  within its limits whose love for the almighty  dollar makes him ridiculous. The average man  newly from eastern Canada is "close," but the  closeness soon wears off. Perhaps it may wear  off the one in Nelson.  ;UILDERS.  Will Contract for the Erection of  Stores, Dwellings, Wharves,  V'-^ Bridges, Etc.  SEASONED   LU8VIBER  on hand, with which to manufacture Store  Fittings, Tables, Desks, Etc.  Shop: Oor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  ISTEJLSOISr;,   DB.   O.  HANSEN & HILTON,  UILDERS.  Will contract for the erection of any size wood building.  Plans and estimates furnished and bills for material made.  Job carpentering attended to promptly. Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, East Vernon street.  THOMAS BARRETT,  LACKSIVIITH  Horse-Shoeing a Specialty  .411 kinds of Jobbing and Repairing Executed  Neatly and B'romwtly.  Ward Street, opp. Government Office, Nelson,  is running full time.   Plenty logs!  Plenty lumber!   Plenty  shingles!   Get your buildings erected and finished while  the weather is line.   Low prices!    Prompt delivery!  Nelson, August15th. G. O. BUCHANAN.  Tenders for the Delivery of Logs.  Tenders will be received at The Miner office in Nelson or  at the sawmill at Pilot Bay, until the 20th instant, for the  delivery of half a million feet of logs in 1890 and three  million feet in 1891. Logs must be cut according to specification, and delivered and measured at the mill.  Nelson, B. C, September 5th, 1890.  t* I   ,!.  THEMIffEE:   NELSON,  B.  G.,  SATUEDAY,  SEPTEMBEE  13,  1890.  ai:vi'  M  ft  !  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cashrin-advance  rates: Three months ������1.50, six .months $2:50, one year $4.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of $3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Reading  or  Local   Notices  25  insertion.    Contracts made.  cents   a  line   each  Birth Notices free if weight op^ child is given; if  weight is not given $1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged froni $1 to $10���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing;in good style at fair rates. Cauds"  envelopes, and letter? note, and account papers kept  in stock.  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name.   Communications with such signatures  as  "Old-Subscriber,"  "Veritas,"  "Citizen," etc.,  etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all 'Letters':- The Miner, Nelson," B. C,  (with "via Kootenai, Idaho," added if mailed in the  United States.)_ -  _^_  Authorized Agents: Henry Anderson,- Ainsworth;  James Delaney and James Gibson, Spokane Falls:  J. H. Mathcson, Donald; E. S. Topping, Trail Creek;  F. B. Weils, Itevelstoke.  EDITORIAL    ItlSM AKKS.  On  tile '30th of July  the provincial government wisely  withdrew  all  crown   lands from  purchase, the withdrawal.'- in no  way affecting  the   acquirement    of   lands    by    pre-emption.  Since that date,   however,   thousands of acres  have been applied for under timber leases, and  no doubt the applications will be .granted.    If  the purchase of large areas of crown lands for  speculative purposes was against the best interests of the people at large, the tying up of large  tracts of timber lands by leases to speculators is  equally against the best interests of the people.  The present system of disposing of timber lands  is not such as can be taken advantage of equally  as well by the sawmill man  of small means as  by the sa,wmill man of large capital.    The former, after his  mill  is  erected, should have an  equal chance with the latter in procuring logs  from  the  public  domain.     The only way that  this can be done is for the government  to withdraw all timber lands from sale or lease, and, instead, charge a.tax of so much per thousand feet  on  all logs  delivered  at mills,   the  tax   to  be  collected by the tax-collector of the district in  which  the mill is located.    If this method was  adopted, it would  be a no  greater difficulty to  engage in sawmilling or log-cutting than to engage in general merchandising  or  mining for  wages.    The tax could be collected as  easily as  other taxes, and, in the end, would result in a  larger revenue to the province than is at present  derived.    There would be no more logs cut than  the actual wants of the people required, and the  needs   of   generations   to come  would, not be  mortgaged" to the heirs and assigns of the grasping speculators of today.  Nelson has been given adequate mail facilities  at last. A postoffice is also to be established at  Ainsworth and a mail route ordered to the  boundary line, there to connect with a like service from Fry, Idaho. This desired end was  long in coming, but for its coming we should be  thankful. The department treats us like a poor  relation, and spreads our large slice of bread  very thinly with poor butter. For the increased  service mr. Mara^ our member in parliament,  has worked unceasingly.  The bulk of the lead ores from the Kootenay  L/ake mining camps will be absolutely barred  from the United States when the McKinley tariff bill becomes a law, as but a small percentage  of the ore is high grade.    This may retard mine  development,  and  it will  undoubtedly for the  time work a hardship on mine-owners possessed  of limited working capital; but, in the end, the  result will be beneficial to this section, and, in a  measure,   to  the  whole  of Canada.      Smelters  will, of necessity, be erected at accessible points  on Kootenay river and lake, their product finding  a  market  in   Canada,   and  in   China and  Japan as well asin Great Britain.    The markets  of these countries are, as accessible to the mines  of Kootenay district as they'-are to the mines of  the��������� Coeur d'Alene country in Idaho or the lead  districts of Colorado and Utah.    To attain this  end a prohibitive import duty should be placed  on  pig lead, so   that  the  home  product alone  would be used in the manufacture of white lead,  lead pipe,   shot,   and other   articles  for which  lead   is  solely or largely  used.   /While  this  is  plainly the policy that should hie adopted as regards   foreign   pig   lead,   a   more   liberal    one  should be adopted for the importation of ores  con tainirig lead.    T hese should be ad m it ted free  of duty, not only to enable our smelters to obtain fluxes-at a reasonable cost���������for it is a well-  established fact, that ores from one section of  country flux ores from another section���������but to  insure a continuous  ore  supply.    By adopting  this policy a great smelting industry can be built  up in British Columbia, an industry that has done  much to upbuild both Colorado and Montana..  In politics, as in business, the man of theory  is of little practical use.    The politician who has  taken an active part in local elections and in the  management of campaigns is a far better equipped man for public life than the politician whose  knowledge of political affairs was acquired by  reading .works.on political economy.    The politician who makes the committee-room his study,  there to find out the motives actuating his associates, is  more apt to select able subordinates  than the theorist who shuts himself up in his  private study, and disdainfully refuses to mix  with the common people.    If honest, one such  practical politician in office is worth a barnf ul  of   the    other   sort.      British    Columbia    has  several practical  politicians  in  her legislative  assembly-elect.  Are they honest?   If honest, the  people   need have  no  fear for their  interests  should   either  one  of  these practical  men   be  called on to form a government.  The leader of the present government is a  practical politician, but his honesty of purpose  has been questioned. The leader of the opposition is believed to be honest, but he is an impracticable theorist���������that this is true is  not even disputed by his staunches t adherents in Victoria. A practical politician  always has an eye to success, and believes in  taking any advantage caused by the negligence  or incompetency of his opponents. That the  present government is incompetent, or dishonest, is proven by the mining legislation  effected last winter; yet the leader of the opposition did not oppose this pernicious legislation  in the house, or point out its objectionable  features when appealing to the people for their  suffrages. c    The people, however, have faith in the men  classed as independents. They know that several of these gentlemen are practical politicians, for does not one of them already hold 2  political offices, requiring ability in management, as well as being a member-elect of the  assembly? Did they not, also, have ideas on all  questions that vitally affect the people of the  province, and by* their strong presentation of  facts and skillful political work succeed in being  returned from the most populous districts on the  mainland? Even if the independents are not  called on. to assist in forming a government;  they will, by wise and vigorous debate, prevent  premier Robson falling into such pitfalls as were  cunningly dug for him last winter by Canadian  Pacific influences.     .'.-,_. L__  That freedom of speech and political action is  tolerated to a greater extent in Canada than in  the United States is evidenced hy the fact that  our candidates for office are never assassinated  by political- opponents.    The many cases of political  assassination   in   the .southern  states, of  late years, is causing  a reaction  of feeling for  the  southern, people, that, in  time, may teach  them   that however much   they may differ "on  questions political, assassination will not be tolerated as a m eans to m ain tain politica 1 "supremacy. ���������   At the last congressional election in Arkansas,    a   successful     Republican', candidate  named  Clayton was assassinated, while sitting  in   his  own house,   by adherents  of his Democratic  opponent, Breckenridge.,   Brecken ridge  took  his  seat  in:  congress by. virtue  of a certificate   of   election    furnished     him    by    the  Democratic secretary of state of Arkansas. Now  congress declares he is not entitled to the seat,  and the rightful claimant being dead, the seat  becomes vacant.  The Spokesman, a. Democratic  paper of Spokane Falls, says "it,is not entirely  'van unfortunate event that the seat is allowed  "to be vacated.    There never was any doubt in  " the minds of fail' men that Clayton and not  '' Brecken ridge was elected to it.    The murder  " itself was as foul a one as has disgraced the  " south in many years.    The vacant seat alone  " will, perhaps, be as eloquent a rebuke as could  "be framed by any  words.    It is well  that it  " should be  empty as a  reminder to our law-..  " makers of the travesty on law which exists in  " too many .southern states.  M(irB*ie<i  f,o eternity  by a   Premature  Klasl.  A  premature  blast  in   the  Northern  Pacific  yards at Spokane Falls, on Saturday last, caused  the death of 21 men and serious injury to many  others.'    The accident took place shortly after  half-past 5 in. the afternoon.;. James McPherson,  the foreman, and Joe Rhea, a powder  tender,  were working at the spot where the blast had  been prepared.    McPherson was tamping in the  last charge of 300 pounds of giant powder in a  16-foot -hole,   when cthe   charge   suddenly   exploded, hurling the men high into the air and  mangling them among the rocks.    At the same  instant the ledge of rock was lifted outward and  fell on the men working in a ditch 30 feet down  the .embankment.    People  who  saw  the  blast  from a short distance were horrified to see the  bodies of the men 'whirling1 up through the air,  above  the dense volume  of smoke. '  Those in  the   vicinity rushed   to   the   scene,   but   were  obliged to stand idle, waiting for the smoke to  clear  away.     In  a  few moments the mass  of  jagged rocks could be seen.    Men with mangled  limbs, covered with blood and dirt, their clothes  in  tatters, and their  bodies disfigured, crawled  about over the rocks in a stupor, not knowing  which way to turn.    Projecting from the pile  were  bleeding,   lacerated   limbs  and   blanched  faces in sickening confusion.  The immediate cause of the explosion is not  known, but it was probably purely accidental.  Yet many of the men employed by the company  complain of the manner in which the blasting-  has been done.of late, and declare that the railroad company is in too much of a hurry to complete the work'.' A. E. Thompson, one of the  steam-drill workmen, said that he was at the  blast a short time before the explosion occurred.  He explained to the foreman that it was dangerous to tamp a blast with an iron bar. Mc-  Pherson*replied that it took 80 pounds pressure  to send the powder off and that there was no  danger.    Mr. Thompson   had   only reached the  <v  8aai������l������MWJ8������l������M������MIBI^^ THE  MDTEE:   NELSON,  B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   SEPTEMBEE  13,  1890.  Dealers in Dry Goods, Grroceri^ Hardware, Etc.   Miners'.- Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is fall and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect G-oods  '������������������a-* and compare Prices. ,l ,    -   " / .'���������'.'.',-,.  Main Street, REYELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  blacksmith shop, a few rods away, when he  heard the report and at once realized that his  fears were well founded. Charles Bolt, the general foreman, said he was at the blast about 5  o'clock and watched McPherson load the hole.  Everything was then all right. John L. Johnson, of a crew working on a ledge about 12 rods  to the east, said that in expanding the drill with  small blasts the hole had become heated to a  degree that was dangerous when the powder  was put in. He thought this was true, because  the work of expanding had been continued for  several hours.  Those who witnessed the explosion give  graphic accounts of the disaster. Alderman  Notbohm and son were standing on the corner  of Main and Alder streets at the time. Mr. Notbohm described the upheaval as the bursting of  a great cloud. ������������������"When we reached the scene,"  said mr. Notbohm, "2 men emerged from the  smoke with their left arms shattered. 'When  the rocks could be seen we ran down the embankment and began to extricate the wounded  men from the rocks. A man came running toward the ledge from Sprague street, with his  clothes hanging in rags, hatless, and shoeless.  "Where in the name of God did you come  from?" was asked him. "I don't know how I  got out," replied the man, who had not been injured in the least. "I cannot tell how I missed  it. The first thing I knew after the explosion I  was on Sprague street."  Another man was seen at the hospital after  his fingers had been amputated. He was in remarkably good spirits, but. was somewhat dazed  from the" effects of chloroform. He was working at a drill in the ditch. Just before the blast  went off, he wTent out a few steps to get some  tools, when the rocks crashed down from the  ledge. He was of the opinion that the blast was  entirely accidental, though the foreman seemed  to be in a great hurry about the finishing of the  job Saturday night as the charge had been set.  The scene "of the explosion at 2 o'clock Sunday  morning presented a most gloomy and dismal  appearance. Early in the evening, while digging for the dead, it was discovered that a number of charges and caps were-found in-the rocks  and that great risk was being, run-by anyone  working in the cut. The names of many of the  killed could not be Obtained.  A  SnseUer for Mot  .Springs  District.  A representative of the Washington Refining  <fc  Smelting Company, a  recent Spokane Fails  incorporation,   came   in   on   the   Galena   last  Thursday. The company propose to commence  work at once on a 20-ton smelter in Hot Springs  district, expecting to get an ore supply from  claims owned by W. II. Lynch. The smelter  will be a Best plant, and is described as follows  by the Spokane Falls Review of the 7th:  The body of the smelter is of an egg shape  within a square, and is constructed entirely of  fire-brick, no metal being used. It consists of a  main fire box, which is directly under the refining or separating pot, used for pouring1 the  metal into''molds, lined with clay. The feed  hole for loading the charge with ores and fluxes  opens from the top of the main body of the  smelter, and under which the main arch of the  furnace is-located. This is separated from the  lead well by a dry flue arch used for cleaning  and outpouring of slag, or for producing a  change of draft by dampers in the main stack.  It also contains an open stack, which can be  connected with the draw, in case of saving the  fumes of sulphur, antimony, or arsenic. It can  also be converted into a perpetual lime burner,  by enlarging the main arch and closing the  draft. The ores to undergo treatment in this  smelter are fed from the top, which contains a  calcining space and also an outlet for the fumes.  Attached to the smelter, between the feedhole  of the main arch of the furnace, which consists  of 4 smaller arches and a brick wall, is the slag  output. In this respect the smelter differs from  any other so far invented. There is also another  attachment which is called the lead well, and is  designed to receive the metal from the furnace  of the smelt dump. This being heated by a  special fire-box, or furnace, is the place where  the bars of bullion are niade, and where the separation of precious metals is also made.  A   **Ba������"   Indian at ������oat  Ifciver.  Reports come from Goat River that the Indian who pulled a cocked gun on "Jap" King  is still using threatening language; and, as he is  known to be a "bad" Indian, he may yet cause  trouble in that camp. He had no claim whatever on the prospectors who are at work in that  iocality. The Indian who first brought in the  float was paid $5 by the party who accompanied  him  back  to  the  ground.      He  was promised  money���������no amount being stated���������if he conducted the representative of the prospectors to  the ledge from which the float came, but not being able to do so, was paid the amount above  stated, which satisfied him. "Jap" King, one  of the prospectors, found the ledge himself at  some distance from where the float-was picked  up. Shortly after staking off his ground, the  "bad" Indian appeared on the scene and demanded pay for what he claimed as his ground.  His demands were refused, and he made a gun  play which caused mr. King to take a walk.  Mr. King then came to Nelson for aid from the  authorities, but was assured that he could return in safety, as the Indian was merely running a bluff. Mr. King thought different, but  had no alternative, and on returning to Goat  River found that a number of other prospectors  had arrived on the disputed ground. These  overawed the Indian, and, so far, he has done  nothing worse than make threats that he will  yet kill "Jap," even if he is afterwards killed  himself. It is claimed that the action of the  Nelson authorities has had a bad effect on the  Indians, they now believing that the authorities  are afraid of them. The Indian who has caused  this disturbance should get about 6 months at  hard labor in the Kamloops jail, which would  have the effect of knocking some of the "badness" out of him.  Silver Bias a SJownward Tendency.  Bar silver has dropped 2 cents an ounce in New  York,   the   latest,  obtainable   quotation   being  $1.17$ an ounce.  ������  No better real estate investment ! Beautifully  and centrally located at  the head of the west arm  of Kootenay Lake, unsurpassed for fishing, boating, and hunting! All  steamboats to and from  Nelson and Bonner's  Ferry call there! Lots  50x120; streets 60 feet  wide! Prices, $25 and  $30; terms, to suit purchasers ! Lots, selling  like hot cakes!' Buy  early! Maps and further  particulars from H. Anderson, Ainsworth; H.  Selous, Nelson; or 0. W.  Busk, on the ground.  "W^kHSTTIEirD I  Tenders for the Delivery of Wood.  Tenders will be received at The Miner office until the  23rd instant for 40 cords of 24-inch stove-wood, to be cut  from dry tamcrack or fir; the wood to be delivered and  measured in Nelson.  Nelson, B.C., September 13th, 1890.  a portable engine and complete sawmill outfit. The whole  in good order. For particulars apply to GENELLE  BROTHERS, Sproat Landing, B. C.  fcSi!  #: THE  MMBE:   ^^SOIf,  B.  G., SATUBDAY,  SEPTEMBER 13,  1890.  <;  ' The Pioneer Hotel of Toad  Mountain District."  LAKE VIE W HOUSE  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  ,   .'   NELSON, 15. C.    ������������������' ���������  J OH SS8SON   &   MAHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  The reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F.WARD, will be maintained by  the present management. D  "Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TWO-STOEY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished ���������  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE  IS  NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-EOOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  ANTD THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  Cor. Baker and Ward St?  NELSON, B. C.  !.   &   T.   iADDE  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with a. frontage  cowards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  t :bc iej    table  is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  _- being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE BAR IS STOGKED WITH THE BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  PROSPECTORS    LIVING   ON   RAW..'FOOD;  Edmonton Bulletin, August 23rd: The party  of Montana miners who passed through Edmonton last May bound for Peace river were heard  from on Sunday last by James O'Donnell, Indian  farm instructor at Riviere Qui Barre, who received a letter from them at the hands of an  Indian named Paul Montanais. It appears that  on reaching the Pembina near Lac la Nonne  they built a large flat-boat, and loading all their  outfit on it, except the horses and mules, which  were driven overland, started down the river.  Before reaching the Athabasca, into which the  Pembina empties, their boat was swamped and  everything thrown into the river. A great deal  of the outfit was lost altogether, and all of it  was wet.     They  saved what they could and  started again  on their journey with the flat-  boat,   and  had reached a point about 40 miles  down the Athabasca when they met the Indian,  who  was cbming up the river hunting.    They  gave him  $50 to come in  to   mr. O'Donnell's  place with a letter  and bring back a supply of  u matches.    The letter stated that they had been  5 weeks without a tire, all their matches having  got wet when  the boat was swamped.    In driving their 13 mules and 9 horses along the Pembina,   which  in that part  of   its   course   flows  through a succession  of muskegs, they lost 4 of  the mules and the rest of the mules and horses  were very poor.      The men themselves   were  nearly starved, having been  compelled to eat  raw food for so long, but they still kept moving  on.    The Indian came in 4 days to mr. O'Donnell's place, and would require as many in which  to return.    There are only 4 men in the party.  It is scarcely possible for them to reach Peace  river this fall,  having such a large outfit to  handle.    They have  their wagons  with  them  yet.;    ��������� -_ '������������������ ���������������������������������������������.������������������":   ..,;;��������� ���������  ,  ,   ���������.       ,-.���������'. .��������� ���������,  Is Tiiere Trntlr in  flac  Report?  "Report has reached here that several of the  "Kootenay lake steamers now offering for pass-  ���������" engers and freight are not registered and do  "��������� not carry certified engineers.    Complaint in  " the matter has been filed with the department  " of customs."   The above appears as a telegram  from Victoria in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer.  There are but 2 boats regularly engaged in the  carrying trade on Kootenay lake. One of them,  the Galena, paid duty on her hull to enter Canada, and has always carried a certified engineer.  The other, the Idaho, has also, probably, complied with the law. The Surprise is owned by  the same company who owns the Galena, and is  not regularly engaged in any traffic. The Midge  is used only as a pleasure launch by its owner, a  wealthy ranchman on the lower Kootenay.  There must be some.mistake about the above  quotation; or if action is about to be taken, it  is in the interest of a rival steamboat line, which  as yet, have no boats on Kootenay lake or rivei>  Ontario I>owns New Yorlt, ,  A Clayton, New York, man  recently issued a  $500 challenge to all Canada  to a skiff sailing  race on the St. Lawrence, he claiming that his  "Yankee Doodle" could beat all  creation.    A  Gananoque, Ontario, man accepted the challenge, and his "Choctaw" beat "Yankee  Doodle" out of sight on the 29th of August.  After the victory a party of Ontarians undertook to parade the streets of Clayton with a  brass band, and they had not proceeded far, before a mob attacked them and a free fight occurred, which also resulted in favor of the boys  from Canada's greatest province; but no one  was seriously hurt.  Reclamation  Work to be Regum this Month.  A contract was let on Wednesday to H. Selous  and T. B. Lewis for the excavation work on the  Grohman reclamation scheme.    Operations are  to commence at the rapids below Nelson by the  25th of this month, the work to be completed by  April 15th next. It is expected that 25 to 30  men will be employed all winter. Part of the  plant will be brought in from Spokane Falls by  the company, mr. Grohman leaving on Friday  for that purpose.  Yemen Street, near Josephine,  NELSON, B. C.   ���������...'���������'���������  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE  TABLE  is acknowledged  the best  in the mountains.  \JLlJEzL..fciJ   Jbzi, A,.,. JtrL  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  ���������No whiskies sold except Hiram W-alker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  K AST    BAKER   STREET.  A. J. MARKS, O. VAN   NESS,  PROPRIETORS.  LARGEST HOTEL IN NELSON  AFFORDS   SPLENDID   VIEWS  OF   BOTH  TOAD MOUNTAIN AND KOOTENAY RIVER  Best brands of liquors and cigars always in stock.   The  table furnished with the best in the market.  Steam Navigation Go., Ltd.  THE   STEAMER   LYTTON  LEAVES.   REVELSTOKE  on Mondays and Thursdays at 1 a. m.  LEAVES   SPROAT   FOR   LITTLE   DAJLLES   .  on Tuesdays and Fridays at 4 a. m.; returning the same  day to Sproat.  LEAVES   SPROAT   FOR   REVELSTOKE  on Tuesdays and Fridays, half an hour after arrival from  Little Dalles.  Revelstoke, August 31st. J. A. MARA, Manager.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth {Hot Springs), B. C. THE ,��������� MINER:   NELSON,  B.  0.,   SATURDAY,  SEPTEMBEE 13,  1890.  CREAM'   OF   THE    WORLO'S   NEWS.  The Regina & Long Lake bridge across the south Saskatchewan at Saskatoon, Northwest Territory, is 1100 feet  long from bank to bank, has 7 spans, and is 49 feet above  water level, which will allow steamboats to pass under it.  It was built under the supervision of Robert Balfour, former bridge superintendent on the Canadian Pacific at  '���������Donald.'- ,. ' /^ '.������������������... ���������'"  II. Mv Johnson, the champion sprinter and all-round athlete, died in San Francisco last week. Typhoid fever, followed by peritonitis, was the cause. Johnson was born in  New York about 30 years ago, and before he became a  prof essional was one of the cleverest amateur athletes in  that city. As a professional he had a 100-yard record of  9 4-5 seconds, made at Cleveland on July 30, 1886. He held  a 50-yard record of 5������ seconds. He held records for 5 and 10  standing j umps without weights, and in all sprinting up to  220 yards he was a champion all-round professional, and  could perform splendidly with the heavy weights. His  great feat in sprinting was quick starting. He won one  Sheffield handicap and had a fortune several times. He  leaves a widow and 2 children penniless in St. Louis.  Johnson was a man of intelligence, and for 2 years edited  the athletic column of the St. Louis Sporting News.  Jake Gaudaur has at last conie to terms with Edward  Hanlan for a 3-mile sculling race, with a turn, for $1000 a  side. The race is to be rowed at Creve Cceur lake, near  St. Louis, in the week between September 23rd and 30th.  Gaudaur concedes Hanlan 15 seconds start and Hanlan concedes Gaudaur everything else, referee,included. Gauduar  has forwarded to the New York Clipper .$250 to cover Hanlan ?s forfeit. One thousand dollars of the stake money  was to have been deposited in St. Louis last Saturday and  the other ������1000 before the race is rowed.  There is a great demand for laborers in Colorado. Officials of the Denver & Rio Grande railway say they can  give employment to from 5000 to 8000 men at $2 per day.  Work is so located as to admit of working all winter.  Reverend A. Robertson died at the Medicines Hat hos-  .   pital on the 29th of August after a short illness from typhoid  fever.      Mr.   Robertson   was   the   resident   Presbyterian  minister at Donald.  Constable David Stoddard of Bingham county, Idaho,  attempted to preserve? order among a lot of drunken ���������^railroad men at Beaver Canyon on Sunday last and was  literally cut to pieces with knives, and his head completely  severed from the body.  The San Francisco mint is paying 120i to 120f cents per  ounce for silver. The eastern banks are storing bullion, for  which they issue certificates in multiples of 1000 ounces. It  now seems certain that silver will reach its gold parity,  129.29 per fine ounce, or exactly the face value of the dollar  equal to.371J grains. Under the new law the government  must purchase 4,500,000 ounces per month at a price not exceeding one dollar for 371i grains���������this virtually means  free coinage.  The minister of customs, after hearing senator Loug-  ������������������. heed's explanation, ordered the release of the Golden  smelting machinery, which had been seized for non-payment of duties, thus admitting that the government action  was unjustifiable. The settlement of the action was much  delayed by the correspondence between the Calgary officials and the government having to go through the  Winnipeg office.  Everything is progressing finely in the Harney Peak tin  district in the Black Hills, and work is being prosecuted  more vigorously than ever on the Harney Peak company's  properties. At the Cowboy mine the finest tin so far discovered has been struck, one-half of the weight and three-  eights of the bulk being cassiterite. On the Ada mine the  largest hoisting works in the hills, except the Homestake  hoist, were started up on the 8th." Two 60-horse-power  boilers will furnish power, and it is the intention to go  straight down, the machinery on the gronnd being sufficient for 1000 feet in depth, and the shaft will probably be  sunk to that distance.  It is stated that Stanley has informed the French publisher of his biography that he will devote the proceeds of   j  the edition toward the   abolition   of-the   Africa.n   slave    j  trade.    Stanley is now enjoying himself in the Alps, and    j  has  gained  greatly   in appetite and strength.    He has  climbed Forno glacier.    He, with his wife and mother-in-  law, will sail for New York by the Teutonic on October  29th.  In view of the fact that wages were reduced 2 years ago  on account of the low rate of silver and lead, Colorado  miners are asking for an increase of wages to $3.50 per  shift of 8 hours dry work. The request has been granted  in the San Juan country and in Gilpin and Lake counties.  The first of a colony of Italian fishermen who propose to  try their luck in British Columbia were taken to Bute inlet last week. The advance party number 12, all hardy  and apparently industrious men, calculated to make good  citizens. If they find that they can make a good living  from the teeming waters of British Columbia, they will  send for others of their nationality and calling to join them  at an early date.  One of the worst accidents on the Northern Pacific occurred on the 1st at Eagle Gorge. 50 miles east of Tacoma.  At 5:15 p.m. passenger train No. 2, the regular eastbound  overland flyer, was running at a high rate of speed past  Eagle Gorge and down a heavy grade. Just as the forward engine came to a heavy curve at the foot of the  grade it struck a broken rail, and over a 20-foot embankment rolled the big decapod engine, followed by the second engine and every coach on the train, save the rear  sleeper. The scene that followed beggars description,  amid, the roaring of escaping steam,^mingled" with the  shrieks and groans of the injnred men"and women in the  cars that lay piled in confusion at the foot of the embankment. The sleeper passengers hurried to the scene, to find  the engineers and firemen unhurt and working heroically  to release the injured passengers. An idea of the terrible  situation may be had by a description of the train. It was  composed of a big decapod helper engine, the regular engine, baggage and express car, two tourist sleepers, two  day coaches, a dining car, and. a Pullman sleeper. When  the decapod engine struck the broken rail it took it away  for 20 feet, and one by one each car was hurled in the air  by the velocity gained by the high speed of the train, and  they lay in the ditch with their life load crushed within.  The occupants could be heard crying for help. Those who  were  released  uninjured joined in  the  work of rescue.  I  The first rescued was G. E. Purple,; a porter, who, was seriously injured. One by one each passenger was taken but,  some bruised and bleeding, others crushed and iusensible.  The groans of the ; wounded were heart-rending. .Two  passengers, -B.'F. Young, umpire of the Northwest baseball  league, and a man named Keppler of Red Bluff, California, were taken out in a dying condition and have since  died. Twelve others were more or less seriously injured,  and were either sent back to the hospital at Tacoma, or  forwarded to Spokane Falls.  Dr. Carver, the shooter, beat his own record at Hamburg, Germany, on the 3lst, by 4 minutes and 20 seconds in  breaking 1000 glass balls with a rifle in exactly 34 minutes.  The shooting took place in the ljresence of 30,000 people.  A cable message from Barrqw-in-Furhess states that  the steamer Empress of India was successfully launched  on Saturday. This steamer will run between Vancouver  and ports in Japan and China.  Dr. Pelligrini, the newly-elected president of the Argentine Republic, is a cousin of the late John Bright.  A drilling contest took place last week at Walker-  villc, Montana, between William Page and Dennis Ragan.  The time allotted to the contestants was 15 minutes,"and  the wager was $150. Page drilled 3U inches, while Ragan  went 30 inches into the rock in the allotted time.  The advance in the price of silver from 94 cents to $1.20  per ounce has stimulated silver mining in Mexico. Old  mines, for years shut down, are being pumped out and put  into shape for renewal of work.  The Republican state convention of Nevada made the  following nominations: Governor, R. K. Colcord; supreme  judge, R.R. Bigelow; district judge, R. Rising; congressman, H. R. Bartine; lieutenant-governor, J. Poujade;  attorney-general, J. F. Tarreyson; secretary of state, O. H.  Gray; clerk of the supreme court, Joseph Josephs; treasurer, John F.Egan; surveyor-general, John E. Jones;  superintendent of public instruction, Orvis Ring; state  printer, Joseph E. Eckley; university regents, E. T. George ,.  and J. W.Haines.  A terrible accident occurred on the Denver & Rio Grande  railroad at 4:50 o'clock on the morning of the 6th near  Adobe, Colorado. Train No, 61 was running in 2 sections.  The first section had 2 day coaches loaded with laborers  and had become derailed some 4 miles below Florence.  The second section dashed into them with terrific force,  completely smashing the 2 coaches and injuring from 35 to  40 men and killing a number outright. The bodies of 5  have already been recovered and 12 men are still missing.  AtDeadwood, Dakota, on the 5th, 39 "original package"  saloons were closed by the sheriff, South Dakota being a  prohibition state. The mayor of the town announces that  no "o. p." houses will be tolerated until the court shall  have passed upon the questions involved. The Times  says the streets of Dead wood presented a strange appearance in the evening, as not a single resort was open nor a  drink of liquor obtainable. ���������  Last Monday the Republicans carried Maine by a larger  majority than ever before in an off year. GoArernor Burleigh was re-elected by 15,000 and speaker Reed to congress  by 4000. The other Republican candidates for congress  was also re-elected.  The recount gives Portland, Oregon, a population of  62,442.  There will be a fresh batch of law suits over the $7,000,-  000,000 estate of the late A. J. Davis, of Butte, Montana. c  Henry A. Root of Helena, one of the contesting heirs,  brought David M. Carralho of New York, the famous expert in chirography, to examine the will alleged to be that  of mr. Davis, which was filed with judge McHatton, making John A. Davis, brother of deceased, sole legatee. Carralho, in company with 2 officers appointed by the court,  examined the document and unhesitatingly pronounced it  a clumsy forgery, signaturcand all.  At the primary election in Spokane Falls for delegates to  the Republican state convention, the adherents of John L.  Wilson carried the Second, Third, and Fourth wards, and  Madison precinct; the First ward was carried by judge  Turner's friends. The total vote in all precincts was 871  for Turner delegates and ,834 for Wilson delegates. This  insures Wilson's renomination for congressman.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  For MINERAL  cper  MINER will cost the applicant FIFTY-FIVE CENTS a line.  NERAL  CLAIMS require to be published.nine weeks in a newspn-  other than the British Columbia Gazette; their publication in THE  Notice is hereby given that A. D. Wheeler, in behalf of  himself and partners, has filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the Ayesha, situated at the Hot Springs,  Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to send their  objections to me within sixty days from date of publication. G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, September 1st, 1890.  LAND   NOTICES  Lik  ce the following must be published nine weeks in a newspaper other than  the British Columbia Gazette, and cost FIFTY-FIVE CENTS  a line for the required publication in The Miner.  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date we, the  undersigned, intend to apply to the chief commissioner of  lands and works for permission to purchase one hundred  and sixty (160) acres of land, situate in West Kootenay  district and described as follows:  Commencing at a stake marked H.. S. & M. S. D.���������N. W.,  on the Gold Bang trail, three miles south of Nelson; thence  south 40 chains, thence east 40 chains, thence north. 40  chains, thence west 40 chains to the point of commencement. HAROLD SELOUS,  Nelson, B. C, July 10th, 1890. M.S.DAVIS.  I hereby give notice that sixty (60) days after date I intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to purchase 160 acres of land described as  follows:  Commencing at this (N. E.) corner post, thence west 40  chains, thence south 40 chains, thence east 40 chains, more  or less to theshore of the lake, then following the sinuosities of the shore of the lake to the point of commencemrit.  H. W. WALBEY,  james Mcdonald & co.  carry large lines of plain; medium, and high-grade,  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from $6.50 to $500. Hotels furnished throughout; Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  N STREET, REVELSTOKE, B. C.  & Co.  , -JREVfi'LSTOKK, K��������� ���������.  STOVES AND TINWARE,  ,      GKAITCTEWARE  AND LAMP  GOODS.  Tin, Gopper, and Sheet-Iron "Ware Made to Order.  First-class work guaranted.   Particular attention paid  to mail orders from  mining camps.  .   tato, L  ��������� HO H     ttaam Gam    H     dftsw Ron BnraD  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C.  DRUGS,  PATENT  MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  CIGARS    AT   WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  ID RnGGISTS.  Prescriptions carefully compounded, from pure drugs, by  a graduate in pharmacy.   A full line of patent medicines and toilet articles carried.  (Only Drug..Store lit jLower Kootenay.) ":SPROAT, It. C  John Houston. Charles H. Ink.  W. Gesner Allan (a Notary Public).  Houston, Ink & Allan.  REAL   ESTATE.  Will purchase and sell mining claims and town lots;  collect rents; write bills of sale, bonds, agreements, mortgages, deeds, certificates of incorporation; etc, etc.  Aid in procuring crown deeds for lands, Nelson town  lots, and mineral claims.  Office in The Miner building, Baker Street, Nelson.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   TIMBER   LEASES  Require  to bo published  nine weeks in a newspaper other than the British  Columbia Gazette; their publication in THE MINER will cost  the applicant FIFTY-FIVE CENTS a line.  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date we intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to lease the following described tract of  land, situated in the West Kootenay district, for timber  purposes:  Commencing at a post, marked M. S. D. and J. L. R., situated at the foot of the cast, slope of Iron mountain, near  Trail creek, thence south 40 chains, thence west 100 chains,  thence north 40 chains, thence east 100 chains to the initial  post; the whole containing 400 acres more or less.  M. S. DAVYS.  JOHN L. RETALLACK.  Nelson, B. C, August 19, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date I intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission .to lease the following described tract of land,  situate in ��������� West Kootenay district, for timber purposes:  Commencing at a post three-quarters of a mile east of  Kootenay lake, at the southwest corner of J. C. Rykert's  timber limit, thence east 280 chains, thence north 80chains,  thence west 280 chains, thence south 80 chains to initial  post; containing 2040 acres more or less.  Ainsworth, July 30th, 1890. J. C. RYKERT JR.  Kootenay Lake, July 4th, 1S90.  Per William Thomas.  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date we intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to lease the following described tracts of  land, situate in West Kootenay district, for timber  purposes:  1. Commencing at a post situated about one-half mile  northwest of the northerly end of Crawford's bay, at the  southwest corner of G. O. Buchanan's timber limit on the  cast side of Kootenay lake, thence west 80 chains ; thence  north 80 chains ;;.thence cast chains; thence south 80 chains  to initial post; -containing 040 acres more or less.  2. Commencing at a post situated at the southeast corner  of the above described tract of land, thence east 80 chains;  thence south  30  chains;  thence  west 80 chains; thence  post; containing 240 acres more  JOSHUA  DAVIES,  W. P. SAY WARD,  Per Geo. T. Kane.  Kootenay Lake,. B. C, August 11th, 1890.  north 30 chains to initial  or less.  m  MiumMmmiismKMKsmiMBJffliummMvnim  IMMBWMMWMB^^ 8  THE MI3TBB:   BULSOff,  B.  C,  SATUKDAY,  SEPTEMBEK 13,  1890.  Main Street,  KEVELSTOKE  Eailroad Avenue,  SPEOAT.  tv^hcoi^zejslajlie! j^.i<tid betail  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  Cor. Vernon  treets,  SMALL   NIIttGETS   OF   NEWS.  The result of the call appearing in last week's Miner is  a 150-foot addition to the wharf landing. All our business  men, except one, cheerfully contributed money or labor  towards the work. The one exception, although handling  more freight over the wharf-.this summer than any business man in Nelson, did not see his way clear to "hire a  man to loaf round sawing logs." Hereafter he will pay  wharfage or build a wharf for his own convenience. The  owners of the Galena contributed $10 towards the work.  James A. McDonell, lately foreman on railway work for  Keefer & Co., is now located at Helena, Montana, in the  employ of the Montana Granite Company. No doubt mr.  McDonells knowledge of the quality arid extent of the  granite formation below Nelson will cause him to induce  Montana builders to give it a trial as soon as transportation facilities are available.  The Kooteney Lime Company burned their first kiln of  lime this week at the Blue Bell mine oh the east side of  Kootenay lake. As soon as barrels can be obtained, sliip-  monts will be made. It is pronounced a iirst-class article,  and if allowed to enter duty free would soon take the place  of the lime used hi Spokane Falls.  "Dune" McDonald and ''Sam" Green of Sproat have ^  formed a company to carry on an outfitting business.  They propose to furnish pantaloons to lady tourists unable  to sit side-saddles, so that they can ride over the trails leading from Sproat to the many delightful camping-out spots  on the Kootenay with the free-and-easy grace and abandon  of one of Joe Wilson's cowboys from the Srnilikimeen.  It is believed that the successful bidders on the Grohman  excavation work were not the lowest; but the work was  awarded them because they were known to be opposed to  the employment of Chinese, while lower bidders intended  doing the work with Chinese.  The Idaho has towed about 100,000 feet of logs from  Yuill's camp on the outlet to the Davies-Sayward mill at  Pilot bay. She took 40,000 feet through the Narrows in one  boom.   Eighty thousand feet yet remain to be towed.  Hereafter mails will arrive at Nelson on Tuesdays and  Fridays at 6 p. in., and depart on Mondays and Thursdays  at 7 a. m. Mails will be closed on Sundays and Wednesdays at 8 p. m., to allow the mail carrier to leave promptly  on schedule time.  Dr. Campbell, manager of the Revelstoke smelter, arrived in Nelson last evening, and reports no ore at his  works, but several carloads at sidings on the Canadian  Pacific ready for shipment. He will go up to Hot  Springs district by the Galena on Tuesday.  G. B. Nagle thinks so well of Hot Springs district as a  mining country that he proposes to stay with it after this  winter. He returns to that camp on Tuesday to acquire  ground. v  Railroad men are proverbially scary of water, many of  them not even taking it with their whisky. J. M. Buckley,  a one-time well-known railway magnate in Washington,  and who in his railroading days thought nothing of rounding a 15-dcgree curve on a flat-car going at the rate of 60  miles an hour, hesitated Monday night at Nelson, and  finally refused to intrust himself on a scow used to lighter  passengers from the Galena float to the landing, a distance  of 100 feet. Yet the scow was manned by the postmaster  and his deputy, 2 experienced navigators who cant swim a  lick on earth.  Ninety-nine head of as fine beef steers as ever eat bunch  grass are now chewing the cud of contentment in a little  oasis in the moan tains 5 miles to the east of Nelson. They  are part of the band brought in from the Osoyoos country  for Joe Wilson, and are expected to supply the winter's demand of all the mining camps on Kootenay lake.  The saw-mill that has cut all the material for the Sproat-  to-Nelson railway is for sale. Particulars can be had by  addressing Genclle Brothers, Sproat, B. C.  The Grohman reclamation company expect to have 2  surveying outfits in the field by the 15th. One, in charge of  Thomas McVittie, will begin work on the bottoms north  of Rykert's custom-house; the other, in charge of Harry  Cummins, will begin on Elk river, in the upper Kootenay country, and when through with that section will  mpve down to the Lafdo.  Edmonton Bulletin, 30th: A telegram has been received  from British Columbia by the Northwest mounted police  at Fort Saskatchewan to be on the lookout for the Cariboo mail robbers, who, it is thought, may be crossing tiie  mountains by the Jasper pass. The government of British  Columbia offers a reward of $2000 for their arrest and conviction.   The following is the description:    W. F. Combie,  height about 6 feet, aged about 30, hair and beard dark,  eyes dark blue and very small, complexion ruddy, well  built, shoots from left shoulder, and uses very profane  language. His rifle is a short magazine. , J. Herbert,  height about 5 feet, aged about 28, hair light, beard sandy,  scar below ear like king's evil, speaks like a Yankee.  They may have separated.  The Miner office is a sort of mecca, towards which all  people in trouble wend their, way. If a man has a grudge  against the railroad company, we are sure to hear his tale  and be asked to aid him in a catch-as-catch-can tussle with  the highmagnates of that soulless corporation. If a wharf  is to be repaired, we are expected to lead in the work, and  be blessed with blessings that sound very much like old-  fashioned "cussings" if the logs are not all of a size or the  appropriation is exhausted before the work is completed.  We are called on at all times of the night and day by people suffering from stone bruises, and bruises caused by  drinking too mnch "stone-fence." Yet we do not complain,  for midst all the trouble and worry some little incident is  sure to Crop out to make life worth living for: The other  , day a little 4-year-old toddler came into the sanctum, and  with childish bashfulness asked for "some money." On being questioned as to the use to which the money would be  put, the child told a story, in effect, that she had been  sent by her mother to buy onions, and had lost the purchase money on the road, and was afraid that if she returned without the onions she would get a scolding. The  money was given the child, and the giver forgot for  the remainder of the day that his next-door neighbor was  the meanest man in town.  That there is something in the Trail Creek country besides wind is evidenced by the fact that one house at  Sproat sells from $200 to $1200 worth of supplies a day for  that camp.  From a gentleman who recently returned from the  Lardo, The Miner learns that there is a large area of  good ranching land in the bottoms along that river. He  claims that the snow disappears as early up there as at  any point on Kootenay lake. The land, though, is either  covered by timber limits or railway or reclamation reserves.  Today there is not a serviceable boat to be had at Nelson,  yet fine boats are turned out by Cockle Brothers from  their yard on Crawford's bay, one of them selling for $100  in cash this week, a millionaire mining man of Ainsworth  being the purchaser.  E. S. Topping has been appointed mining recorder for  Trail Creek district. His office will be at his hotel, at the  steamboat landing near the mouth of the creek.  Tom Collins and Charlie Ink depart in the morning on a  deer hunting trip in the mountains to the south of Nelson.  They say they will stay out until they get something. In  that case, The Miner will be short a compositor the remainder of its days, and a logging-camp firm be dissolved  without mutual consent.  C. H: Cady, the mining man, leaves on Thursday for the  Windermere and Toby Creek districts. He will probably  not return to this section. -  Mr. Ramsay, now the largest single owner in the Hall  group of mines, is on his way to England. It is expected  that he will return to Nelson within 6 Aveeks.  Now that he is required to handle mails 4 days a week,  postmaster Gilker says he should have an assistant; but, as  his salary is only $30 a year, he does not see how he can  pay a good reliable man more than 5 cents a day.  AT  ���������jooj'js 393133 3s������g; si  15 East Baker Street.  xv  C. S. F. Hamber,  Notary Public, Nelson.  A. G. Thynne,  Vancouver.  AND  ������    ������������������ - ���������   e  m*g&  AND  Qb  #  CONVEYANCERS  have moved into their new office, 105 West Baker street,  where they are now ready to transact business.  OFFICES:  NELSON, B.C.,  No. 105 West Baker Street.  VANCOUVER,  Water Street.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCING.  on coin-  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled un commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   So. 5 East Baker Street, NELSOH, B. 0.  DEALERS in  Fancy and toilet goods, patent medicines, fruits, tobaccos,  cigars, stationery, etc.  Postoffice Store, llelson, B. 0.  K

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