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The Miner Oct 25, 1890

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 Only  Paper  Printed  in tlie  Kootena.V Lake Miri-  ins districts.  For Kates,  of S^ihseription and  Advertising  '..See' Fourth Page.  IHTMBEE 19.,  ,NELSON-���������:. BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,   00T0BEB,   25,   1890.  $4 A YEAB.  MACHINERY    ARRIVING    FOR    HOT    SPRINGS.  In Hot Springs district, sinking on  the Little  Donald had to be suspended, owing to a cave-in  in the  shaft.    S. H. Northey. who brought in a  _^pump and hoist with which to do the work, has  sold the plant to dr. Campbell, manager of the  Revelstoke  Mining .Company,   and   it   will be  placed on the United.    The owners of the Little  Donald will, in the spring, sink a working shaft  on the property, the old incline shaft, although  down over 130 feet, being considered unsafe. "A  portion of the hoisting machinery for the Skyline and Krao was brought in by the Galena on  Tuesday, the  remainder  being, somewhere  on  the road between   Kootenav station  and Bon-  ner's Ferry.    The collapse  of the Best ..smelter,,  ."���������while not altogether '.unexpected, is  regretted  by   mine-owners generally.    On   leaving  Ainsworth, mr. Best stated that he would surely return this  fall and  erect another smelter at or  near the Krao, and thaHt would  be a complete  one in all its  arrangements.    Dr.Campbell intends letting a contract to complete the wagon-  road from the Krao to the United, a distance of  half a mile.    The  work  will  cost abouto $700.  The Crescent, a claim ly ing in an easterly direction from   the Krao, and on thesame bench on  which the Little Donald  is located, is said to  have  a  fine  showing for the amount of work  done; vet, like too manv claims  in both  Hot  Springs and Toad Mountain districts, it is being  opened up in a sort of way that lacks the energy  that means business.     Wheeler, McCune &��������� Co!,  it is said, have not yet completed arrangements  for,_ packing   ore   from    the c Skyline.      That  mine  is  distant fully 3^   miles   from  the  end  of the  wagon-road;   and   the  owners   of pack  trains  do not believe 2 round   trips  could   be  made in a day.    The mine-owners, on the other  hand, contend that the distance is not over 2������  miles, and that  the price offered per ton would  yield    the    pack-train   men   a   small   fortune.  While no ore is being moved, the work of sacking still continues at the mine, where fully 1200  sacks are piled up awaiting shipment.    George  C. Howe, the main  owner  in   the  Fourth, the  Coffee creek wonder, arrived at Ainsworth on  Tuesday,   accompanied   by  another Minnesota  capitalist.    When here mr. Howe will decide as  to increasing the working force on the Fourth.  A tunnel is now being run to tap the ledge below  where it  is exposed, the  mountain-side at the  point of exposure being too precipitous for easy  working.  Work  .Suspended  for the   Winter.  Work at the Poorman mine and mill was shut  down last week, and there is now no one on the   ,:  ground except a watchman. This course was  rendered necessary by the scarcity of 'water in  Eagle creek, not enough flowing through the  ditch to run even a Burleigh drill, should  one be placed in position. It would not be  profitable to run the tunnel by hand, and  it was considered best, not to bring in an air  compressor and other machinery until sleighing  was good on the road between Kootenay station  and Bonner's Ferrv. Tlie result of the sunt-  mer's work is not given out, but it is generally '  believed to have yielded a sum equal to that expended in the purchase and working of the mine  and mill. In other words, that the mine and  mill do not owe .Davenport &7 Hussey a cent.  Work will be resinned early in the spring, and  improvements made to insure a water supply  sufficiently large to run both the mill and the !  Burleigh at the same time.  A   Radical Change  of Opinion.  Last  spring, on beginning   work at the  west  end of the Columbia. & Kootenay, a well-known ,  contractor concluded that  the  Chinese were  a j  much maligned race; that if kindly treated they j  would do more work than  the same number of j  whites; that he would be a sort of Moses and j  lead the other contractors gradually up to his way j  of thinking.    He began by  issuing each of his J  175 Chinese a pound of fresh beef a day, doing  it in much the same spirit that "goodies " are  issued to youngsters by aged grandmothers.  He even went so far as to undertake the study  of the Chinese language, so that he could tell  them understandingly how he admired them,  and how much he despised white men who  asked for their exclusion from the country. For  a time .everything' ran along smoothly, and nothing more smoothly than the meat bill. Finally, along in July, an emissary from a rival  contractor's camp entered into negotiations  with the " bookee " man of the Chinese gang,  and by liberal promises, that were never intended to be fulfilled, induced him to transfer  the whole gang 'from the earth works of the  pound-of-beef-a-day Christian to the rock-cutting further east of a heathen from Vancouver,  where thev remained less than a week, and then  v 7 ,  deserted in a body for the placers of Bird, 49,  and Rover creeks. Meeting the Christian contractor ron the streets of Nelson, a Miner man,  not knowing but that the Chinese were still at  work and still drawing the pound of beef a  day, asked him if he still considered one of his  "pets" equal to a white man as a day laborer.  The reply 'made'' -was.:-strikingly, f orci b.le, but note  fit for publication in a strictly family journal  like'The' Miner. If that man ever succeeds in  getting another contract, one thing is certain-  no Chinese need apply.  Is Nelson  to Have Its Railway,this Winter?  When in here this week, superintendent Mar-  pole stated that every effort would be made to  keep the line of communication open between  Revelstoke  and Sproat until  Christmas.    The  little steamer Marion will be purchased or chartered to run  between Revelstoke and the head  of the Upper'Arrow lake, thereto connect with  the  Lytton.      In   fact,   this  must be done,  as  much of the material for the Columbia'&��������� Kootenay branch is yet to be sent down the river.  The railway company is making great efforts, to  push the work of construction.    Whitehead &  .McLean's Italians and Chinese have been turned  over to Keefer & Co., and the latter are now at  work on the south side of the river, at a point  about  4  miles west of Nelson.    Good headway  is being made on the trestle-work, and Dan McGillivray fiasf'25 men at work at Kootenay crossing, who will begin  laying timber in the cribs  on Monday.     This work is in charge of Charles  Whitehead.       C   L.   McCammon   states  that  every man of Keefer & Co's 200 will  be on the  south side  of the river by November 1.5th, and  by that time  tlie  cribs  will be  ready for the  bridge superstructure.    It  is   expected that or-  clers'will be received  from  Montreal within 10  days  as   to whether the grade  will be pushed  through to Nelson or stopped at the 130 station,  2% miles, below Nelson.     The impression is that  the road will be graded  into Nelson, as it will  be'much cheaper to do the work now When men  are here than to send them out and  bring them  back  in  the spring.    The yard and depot' wilI  probably be located iu the bottoms, on the west  side of Cottonwood  Smith creek.    The  end of  the track is now 3^ miles east of the Slocan.  OIRECT   NEWS    FROM    TRAIL    CREEK.  Now  is the  Time  to  Make' Improvements.  Parties contemplating the erection of buildings in either of the towns on Kootenay lake  need not postpone the work in fear that building  ���������materials cannot be obtained. Lumber and  shingles can be procured at 3 different mills;  Lime and brick are now made at the Blue Bell  mine and at Nelson,-respectively; nails, builders' hardware, doors, sash, etc., are carried in  stock by the local merchants ; mechanics and  laborers-are not scarce, and the wages prevailing-  are not high. Ground can be purchased in  Nelson, Ainsworth, and Balfour at reasonable  figures; much lower than the same ground can  be purchased in the spring, when the demand for  real estate, as well as for building materials and  labor, will be increased 100 per cent.  Ed Stewart came in from Trail Creek district  this week, and reports that new camp moving  right along as if every location in it was a sure-  enough bonanza. From 55 to 00''.'then are  in the district, most of them --intending to remain during the winter. The character of the  ore is changing as depth is attained,, galena taking the place of the refractory antimonial ores.  On the Lily May, a claim owned by Hoover &  Bordeaux, 6 men are at work. At the bottom  of the shaft they have 3 to 4 feet of solid mineral. Adjoining the Lily May, Stewart <fe Perdue have a claim, named the Zilor, with a ledge  15 feet wide, carrying mineral its entire width.  The ore is pyrites of iron and antimony, carrying gold and silver. While not high-grade, its  ovvners are sanguine that its character will  change for the better as they go down. They  have erected a cabin, and will put in their best  licks on the property this winter. Both the  owners are workers, and a showing will be  made by spring.  Mr. Stewart reports that nearly all the supplies used in the camp are brought in from Colville and can see no good reason why the iner-  ehants on the Columbia allow this. He also  claims that the Columbia river merchants do  not keep in stock the supplies needed in a mining camp; that railroad picks, shovels, and  hammers are not suitable for mining purposes.  At the landing, distant about 6 miles from tlie  .mines, E. S. Topping has erected a 2-story hotel,  and seems to be doing quite a trade. If the  camp proves a good one, mr. Stewart predicts  that the town will be at the mines, as a suitable  site can easily be obtained.  Seventeen   Hundred   Inches of Water Annlied For.  No less  than  1 applications  are now in far  water rights from Cottonwood Smith and Ward  creeks. J. D. Town ley of Vancouver;" who owns  a preemption of 160 acres adjoining the townsite  on the south, has applied for 1000 inches from  Cottonwood Smith creek" and 300 inches from  Ward creek. W. Gesner Allan, on behalf of the  Nelson Waterworks Company, wants 150 inches  from Cottonwood Smith creek. Thomas C. Collins, who owns an interest in half a dozen mineral claims on the mountain southeast of Nelson,  applies for 250 inches from East Fork of Cottonwood Smith creek. Mr, Town ley wants the  water for irrigation, manufacturing, and household purposes;" mr. Allan, for his company,  which intends .to supply the .-people of Nelson  with waiter for household uses; mr. Collins, for  power to run a concentrator to work the ores  from the Umatilla-Uncle Sain and Lizzie C  groups'of mines, for power to run electric-light  works and other manufacturing _ purposes, as  well as to supply water for household purposes.  If these rights are-all granted, there will not be  water enough left in-Ward'creek to wet a-sober  man's whistle, and hardly enough left in Cottonwood Smith 'creek to -float a minnow.  Ciood  Returns   from   Plaeer (.round.  ���������M. C. Monaghan was in town on Monday from  49 creek. He stated that tlie bedrock cleaned up  by the hydraulic company yielded good pay���������  better than tlie company expected. The trouble'  is, this late in the year there is not enough  -water in 40 creek for -hydraulic purposes. Work  will probably be suspended next' week, and  everything got in ship-shape for extensive operations in the spring.  Freight  to  he   Prontplly  Forwarded.  Complaint, has been made that the Sproat officials of the Columbia-& Kootenay refuse to  allow Nelson freight to be -transported to the  end of the track on construction trains. The  report may have had foundation; but it is understood now that all freight consigned to lake  points will be promptly shipped through to the  end of the track.  i  *��������� THE  MINEK:    KELSON,   E.  C,,   SATUEDAY,  OCTOBEE  25, .1890/  Sroods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect, Claim, or M Springs Mining DisM  0-A.IR,:E_"__r   F.XJLL   _E_X__Sr__i_S   OIE"1  P  C  Drugs and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth.  AINSWOBTH, B. 0., andEEYELSTOXE, B. 0.  liNREASONAISLE   ANi>   .CBEAMtV.  IU���������SON������S.  Now that the exod us' for the winter in on ths  has begun, it is not out of place to make a few  remarks regarding the ways and means of getting into and out of the Kootenay Lake mining  camps. The trip is not a hard one, no matter  which route is selected. Of course, much is  heard about the rough road between Kootenay  station, on the Northern Pacific, and the head  of river navigation, at Bonner's Ferry; and expressive are the oaths used by the average pilgrim who has walked or rode over the pack-trail  between Sproat's Landing, on the Columbia, ���������  and  the head  of  lake  navigation,   at Nelson.  Adverse criticism, or fault-finding, is alone heard  when our present steamboats and their accommodation s are the subjects of discussion. The  fault-findings of the average tenderfoot expert  and eastern pilgrim do not count; and the  critical oaths must be swallowed with a grain of  salt if uttered by men who, in early days,  thought nothing of crossing the plains in one of  Ben tlolliday's mud-wagons, with even chances  that his scalp would be lifted en route.  Has the luxurious upholstery of the modern  Pullman or Wagner 16-wheel sleeper wrought  so wonderful a change in the avarage old-timer  that the only way he can now be recognized is  by the size and frequency of his drinks, or by  the simple bluntness with which he utters expressive, homely cuss words? Or, are all old-  time mining men slowly and gradually changing  from the ruggedness of the glacial period to the  soft effeminacy of this golden age?  Twenty years ago a 300-mile stage trip was  considered a picnic; now a 30-mile ride is looked  on as a hardship. Thirty years ago men trudged  hundreds of miles to the placers of Cariboo; today a walk to the diggings on 49 creek���������only 10  miles away���������is a wonderful feat. The argonauts  of the fall of '49 and spring of '50, who sailed  round "the Horn" in search of the golden fleece,  looked upon their trip, although made in old and  leaky ships, as an ad veil t ure. Today the in in ing  sharp, in search of low-grade galena, kicks at  the slowness with which our stanch and modern  steamboats round Kootenay lake's "cape Horn,"  or turns up his nose at the fare on the stately  Lytton, while hurrying down the swift-rolling  Columbia, and across the lakes-made famous by  Indian legendary. Men who have camped out  night after night on "the cheerless deserts of  Arizona, with nothing but a Tucson blanket for  a covering, the sharp yelp of the coyote lulling  them to sleep, find fault with the size of the bedrooms at Mike Driscoll's Palace hotel at the  boundary line, or cannot sleep because of the  muffled rattle of the poker chips in an all-night  game at Sproat's only first-class family hotel.  Notwithstanding all these kickings, the  Kootenay Lake country is neither hard to get  into nor hard to get out of. The little steamer  Galena is manned by as courteous and as obliging a crew, from captain to cook, as ever run a  steamboat. The meals served are better than at  many first-class eastern hotels; and the time  'made is not slow. The stage ride from Bonner's  Ferry to Kootenay station is over a road just  rough enough to give a healthy man a good appetite, the distance being made in 6 to 7 hours.  By the other route, the 14-mile, trail can be  covered in less than 4 hours on a saddle animal,  or in half a day on foot. At the end of the -14  miles is the track, of. the Columbia & Kootenay  railway,, with a construction train running the  14 miles to Sproat's- Landing. From there the  steamer' Lytton, fitted tip with comfortable  state-rooms, a steward from the hotel Vancouver, and a brand-new captain from Portland,  Oregon, conveys passengers to either Revelstoke,  on the Canadian Pacific, or Little Dalles, on the  Spokane-Northern. '; c?  Yet, while the above is literally true as regards  the routes of travel and the modes of conveyance, people who are in here will be better fixed  in the spring if they remain here; and those  thinking of coming in will do well to not fully  make up their minds until, the gentle zephyrs  of balmy spring dry up the mud-holes on the  road between "Mud slough and Dick Fry's  ranch eree.  The Atkins Will --Probated : sit Victoria.  1 The last will and testament of R. D. Atkins,  the mining man who died at Nelson on August  17th, was adm it ted to probate at Victoria on  th e 6th, and letters of adm in 1st ration granted  to Robert Day jr., one of the executors named.  The instrument was dated at Cork, Ireland,  November 26th, 1883, with a codicil bearing date  July 28th, 1884, and recites: "I, Richard Day  Atkins, late of Kimberly, South Africa, miner,  now residing in the city of Cork, being of sound  mind,   memory,  and understanding,   do make,  publish, and declare this to be my last will and  testament, hereby revoking and annuling all  former will or wills by me at any time heretofore made; I leave, devise, and bequeath unto  my cousin, Robert Day jr., now residing at No.  3 Sidney, place in the city of Cork, all property  of which I shall die possessed, of what nature  or kind soever, and wheresoever situated, to  and for his sole use and benefit, and in the  event of his death before he shall have become  entitled thereto, then I leave and bequeath  same to and amongst such of the children of the  said Robert Day "jr., as shall be then alive, in  equal shares. And I nominate and appoint.  said Robert Day jr. and Robert Scott Day executors of this my will."  Mr. Atkins owned an interest in the great  Hall mines, hear Nelson, also had money loaned  on mortgage in Victoria and other districts of  the province. The value of the estate administered on in British Columbia is sworn to be  under $111,260, and pavs a probate duty of  $5,563. ��������� . -  A Wooden BSridye With a J.ong-.'Sj������an.  The railway bridge across the Kootenay, 4 miles  below Nelson, will be one of the longest single-  span wooden truss-bridges on the whole Canadian Pacific system. The main span will be  over  180 feet in  length,   and  will   be  thrown  across without the aid of false work, the  river at that point being so rapid as to make it  impossible to put in work of that kind. The  castings for the bridge were made at Vancouver,  the heaviest piece weighing 950 pounds. The  rods come from Montreal. All the timber used  in its construction, except the stringers, will be  procured at points along that river between  Kootenay lake and Sproat  brought from the coast.  The stringers were  #  A. 'McKINNON...... Proprietor  Largest 'and   Best  Situated  Hotel  in Ainsworth,  the Only Town in Hot Springs (B. 0.) Mining District.  v TS___   TASSa.8.  '1^   BJN^aJKrASSKfi? . ���������  by that of any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country- rHi<-  rooms are large and well furnished. Ihe bar is stocked  with the best brands'of liquors and cigars.    Rate, $2 a day.  Amswortli, Hot Springs District, B. C. (  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from-us.will.avoid- the necessity of paying  duty ont goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims;  crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.'  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C--  ������w_*  ������oD  ������k  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade'  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in,  price from $6.50 to $500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom-chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will reeeive.eaiiy and careful attention. -  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  iam  l_I.V__LSTOKE_,  15. ���������'.  GRANITEWAKE  AND  LAMP  GOODS.  Tin, Copper, and Sheet-Iron Ware Made to Order.  First-class work guaranted.    Particular attention:  to mail orders from   mining camps.  i_pajd  lt_fgW__B gSKJZS  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DEU&S,   PATENT  MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in lirst-class  "drug stores.  CIGARS    AT   WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  lMjBftHffi������aiiM������_������aMm������.���������ui������M������i*^ THE  MINEE:    ffELSGff,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   0CT0BEE  25,   1890.  NELSON and SPEOAT.  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at any mine in the  district.   Orders from lake points promptly filled.  K    TRAIN  running between Nelson and Sproat, and between Nelson  and adjacent mines.   Will contract to deliver  'mining machinery on any mine in  the district.  All Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  promptly forwarded to destination.  CORRAL AND STABLING  '- v' ;���������( ' ' -. ������ .'.'������������������ '        ,     '        '  at both Nelson and Sproat, where saddle animals can be  hired and job w-agons engaged.  NELSON 0PFI0E AND MAEKET:  o .     .   ' " ,    ��������� - ,  NO. II EAST BAKER STREET  (janadian Pacific Eailway  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean,  OSTO   CHANGES.  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay Lake Shippers will be consulting  their  own  interests  by shipping by the    ,  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  STEAMER   "LYTTON"  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every Tuesday and Friday/making connection with trains for  VAN0OUVEK,  NEW WESTMINSTEK,  -J "^o^o^^o,  AND  ALL POINTS  EAST.  VIOTOEIA,  g ^3^r03STTX?.a__3_A.IJ:,  o:h:io_a.g{-cx  SI  Por rates, maps,   time-tables, etc.,  etc., apply to any  agent of the company. '  ROBERT KERR, D. E. BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B. C.  Steam Navigation Co., Ltd.  LEAVES    REVELSTOKE  for Sproat on Mondays and Thursdays.  LEAVES. S8������E_������AT  for Revelstoke on Tuesdays and Fridays.  Owing to the low stage of water, trips have been discontinued between Sproat and Little Dalles.  J. A. MARA, Manager.  Revelstoke, September 20th.  NOTICE.  A court of revision and appeal, under the assessment act,  will be held at the government office, Nelson, on Monday,  the 10th da.v of November, at 10 a. m.  G. C. TUNSTALL,  Chairman court of revision and appeal.  Revelstoke, September 18th, 1890.  SMALL   NUGGEVS    OF   NEWS   FROM    I>ON AXIK  The new court-house will be built by Manuel & Ruttan,  Donald being the only town along the line of the Canadian Pacific, except Golden, so poorly supplied with carpenters and. builders that contracts are undertaken by  merchants. This is not as it should be. Merchants  complain because the Canadian Pacific runs a general 'merchandise'.'store here, which in a measure  competes with the local merchants and cuts down the volume of their business; yet these same local merchants, by  bidding on every building erected by contract, have driven  enterprising contractors away from the town, and force  mechanics who stay here to work for wages less by 25 per  cent than is paid in towns where buildings are erected by  contractors who do not sell dry goods and groceries.  The Canadian Pacific has sold R. A. Kimpton a plot of  ground, lying between the Episcopal church and the courthouse, on which he is erecting the finest residence between  Calgary and the coast. .Mr. Kimpton, by sobriety and industry, has taken a front rank among mountain business  men, and if he'would-only adhere as strongly to political  convictions as he does to dollars and cents, his friends  would run him as a straight "grit" candidate for the commons against mr. Mara of Kamloops.  Donald now has a literary and debating society, of which  major Dowling is president, hotel-keeper Forest secretary,  and Jack Matheson treasurer. These gentlemen are all  noted for their devotion to literary pursuits; none of them,  however, are good debaters, with the possible exception of  mr. Forest, who has had considerable practice with his  nearest neighbor,, J. C, Steeri, in debating the ownership of  hogs and sundry other articles useful in running first-class  'hotels. \ _ "   ( ;".  While there are no mines near Donald, except the placers  of Porcupine creek and the cassiaryte ledges on, the Wait-  abit, some of ahe finest farming lands in the province are  right at its door. Fred Baker* manager of the Canadian  Pacific store, will next year have 160 acres under cultivation. He has not yet fully decided what crop to raise; but  is seriously thinking of putting it all in watermelons, having had experience growing that fruit in Yorkshire.  Since  Bole&  store,  having  furnish  icines, i  icines.  store in  the removal, in the summer of 1889, of Dawson  Co. to Revelstoke, Donald has been without a drug  This will soon be remedied by W. F. Teetzel, who,  secured a contract from the Canadian Pacific to  all the employes on the Pacific division with med-  s now putting in a stock of drugs and patent med-  Mr. Teetzel, it is understood, will also start a drug  Nelson in the spring.  An effort is being made by the men interested in the  mining industry to induce member-elect Baker to secure  an appropriation next winter for a trail to run from Bear  Creek station up the Beaver and over the divide, thence  down the Duncan to the head of Kootenay lake. The trail  would not be an expensive one to build, and it-would  make accessible a stretch of country believed to be rich in  mineral and timber wealth, at the same time giving prospectors a direct, route from this section to: the Kootenay  Lake country.  Lovers of athletic sports and music are talking of taking  preliminary steps toward forming a permanent athletic  and glee club. If the club is formed, George Sutherland  will be its first president, F. E. Hobbs vice-president, Tom  Downie secretary-treasurer, and G. E. Manuel, J. C. Steen,  and Gideon Milligan trustees.  G. B. Nagle has secured a contract to put up guide-boards  on all the trails in East Kootenay district. The' work  could not be given to a more competent men, as mr. Nagle  is not only well acquainted with the trails and roads in the  district, but knows how to use a blue pencil so that its  marks are plain and intelligible.  Tom ���������ollins Tempting i*rovi������Ienee.  Some people are born to die a violent death,  and it" Toiri Collins is not one of the people we  are mistaken. Last June he came within an ace  of having life's ties sundered by the falling of a  tree; and since then, while hobbling around on  crotches, has thought of nothing but putting up jobs on innocent people. His latest, in  which he was aided and abetted by Joe Wilson  and Charley Ink, was making the "old man"  of The Miner, pay $25 for finding a horse that  was not lost.    A  gentleman  at  the  boundary  line  loaned  a  pony to a friend, who is a contractor on the railway.1     The pony strayed into  the   mountains  and  could   not   be found.    The  contractor offered a reward for its recovery, so  did   the   owner;   the   latter   authorizing   The  Miner man to pay anyone bringing it in $25.  The  pony was   brought  to   the  contractor  on  Monday last, and the finder duly rewarded.-   It  was then turned over to Joe Wilson, who,'having no hay, turned it out  in  the bottoms near  town.     On   Wednesday,   mr.   Collins  and   mr.  Ink,   on   going   to   dinner,   noticed   the   pony  quietly grazing  on  the  bottoms, and   came, to  the conclusion to job the "old man" out of the  $25 he was authorized, to pay for the pony's recovery.    On returning from dinner they asked  several questions as  to  the amount of the re-.  ward  offered and  if the money was on  hand.  The good bills of the Bank of British Columbia  were counted out before the 2 worthies, and mr.  Collins immediately started on the hunt for the  strayed hoss, bringing  it in  along about dusk.  He was directed where to stable the animal and  given the reward.     Tom, one of these fine days  you will run up  against a "sucker" that  will  put you in a hole.  DO NOT USE P00E MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  MOLDINGS.  are for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON:  Yard: At end of Flnme in Nelson.  Mill: Tvro Miles Son 111 of Nelson.  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in  any  part of Nelson.  CORD-WOOD AND STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.  "   M.  S'. JU������AVYS,        J.  M.   TOISON,  -���������'.-,"''. . MANAGERS.   .  Kootenay Lake Saw-Mill.  IOO_OO0 feet Lumber on hand at NELSON.  50,000    ".       "   "        "        AINSWORTH.  100,000   "      '"':'      "        MILL.  Parties Purchasing Lots in Nelson  ON -BUILDING  CONDITIONS  will be liberally dealt with in regard to lumber supply.  C3-. o. _BTTCi3:______sr^_-__Nr  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables,.etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Oor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  AND  Will contract for the erection of any size wood building.  Plans and estimates furnished and bills for material made.  Job carpentering attended to promptly. Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, East Vernon street.  LAY-OVER   NOTICE.  All alluvial claims legally-held'in West Kootenay district, will be laid over from'the 1st instant to the 1st day of  June ensuing. G. C. TUNSTALL,  Nelson, October 1st, 1890. Gold commissioner. THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   00T0BEE  25,   1890.  The Miner''.is printed, on Saturdays, and wile be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  raxes: Three months $51.50, six months $2.50, one year $1.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the,  rate of $3 an inch (down the column) per month.   A  , special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15-cent's a line-for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 Avords  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Birth Notices free if weight of child is given; if  weight is not given ' $1' will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from $1 to $10 ���������according-to the social standing of.-the bridegroom.  Job Printing in good style at. fair rates." Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  -���������7 ii,i stock..;  Letters to The Editor will only appear over the  writer's name." -Communications .with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Addi.ess--'all Letters :'" The Miner, Nelson, B. "C.,.  (with "via Kootenai, Idaho," added if mailed in the  United States.)  ��������� .  Authorized Agents: Henry Anderson, Ainsworth;  James Delan.ey. and James Gibson, Spokane Falls;  J. H. Matheson, Donald; E. S. Topping, Trail Creek;  F. B. Wells, Revelstoke. /  Sufficient developmen t work has been done on  mineral claims in the Kootenay Lake, country  to prove the existence of large veins and deposits of ore. While a-"considerable percentage  of the ore is high-grade, much of it is so low-grade  that it will not stand the charges asked for longdistance transportation. Being principally  galena, the McKinley tariff bill prevents its exportation to the United States. If it will not  stand long-distance transportation charges and  cannot be exported, it must either be left on the  dump or reduced on the ground. It does not  pay capitalists to extract ore to make a  good showing on the dump, and but few mining men have sufficient capital to block out ore  in a mine, so that it can be sloped when there is  a market for it, or reduction-works to reduce it..  If this is a statement of fact, there is but one  way in which our mines can be worked at once  and .with a profit, and that is, the erection of  reduction-works on the ground. The sooner  this is done the sooner will the Kootenav Lake  ��������� _/  country take rank  as  a producer of precious  metals.   As suggested by The Miner of last week, professor Parks, who visited this district in the interest of the Northern Pacific, was. shown  through the great Hall properties on Toad  mountain. This was wise action on the part  of the owners of that property, as they are interested to a greater extent than any other one  party or company in this district in having competitive transportation routes. The ore of the  Hall mines is of such a character as not to be  affected by the McKin ley tariff bill, but the  present transportation rates to smelters in the  'United-States..make it impossible to ship only  the ore of high-grade, the thousands of tons of  low-grade ore being left either on the dump or  standing in the mine. It is understood that  professor Parks left the lake 'country favorably  impressed with its appearance, and of the  opinion that its probable ore output would justify the Northern Pacific in building its contemplated branch road from Kootenay station,  Idaho, to the boundary line, at or near Rykert's  custom-house.    The people, of eastern Canada are not interested to any great extent in matters pertaining  to the mining industry. They are farmers and  manufacturers, and anything relating to these  industries alone interests them. The late exhibition at Toronto was, no doubt, a representative one of the products and resources of the  different provinces  of the   Dominion.      It at-  t i  (t  traded large numbers of people, many coining  from   the United  States.    Among its  exhibits  was one made up of the natural and manufactured products of British Columbia.    While the  collection of stuffed birds  and animals .was'admired, by constant throngs, and the exhibits of  manufactured, wood  objects of admiration and  comment,   the exhibit  of  minerals���������the' finest  ever made in  Can a,da���������possessed 1 it tie in terest  for the growers of potatoes and turnips.    Mr.  Gosnell,   who   had   the    provincial   exhibit   ii]  charge, writes that "there was hot room enough  '' to, show   the   m inerals   propeiiy.     They at-  tractecl much ''attention  from those interested  in  .'mining,   from   mineralogists,'  and   many  " others,   and  a  representatiue  of  a.  Colorado  "mining syndicate expressed  his   intention of  " selling out iu Colorado and going to British  "Columbia  to  work  mines  there.    Of course,  " to the great majority they do not possess that  "interest that other exhibits do, being to them  ".so'many .stones, and unless thev see' _rold and  " silver sticking out,   they think  them  of no  " value."     It will be seen from the above quotation, that our mine-owners should not look for  mine-development capital from Canada.    They  must look to other quarters for it.    They must  prove  by work  that  the mines of British Columbia are equal to or better than those of Colorado, or those of other states and territories,  then the attention of men who follow mining as  a legitimate business will be attracted this way;  but not until then need they expect any great  influx of capital.   From all who have visited the exposition at  Spokane Falls the same story is heard, that is,  that the mineral exhibit from Hot Springs and  Toad Mountain districts far surpassed that  made from the Cceur d'Alene country and districts in Washington. This is gratifying, and  the people of Hot Springs district are, alone,  entitled to the credit. They took hold of the  .matter.in earnest, and for every dollar expended  will, in the end, receive a hundred in the way  of outside investments in prospects, developed  ���������and undeveloped. Had like energy been shown  by the people of Toad Mountain district, an exhibit would have been made that its like could  not be. equalled by any mining district in the  United States, not only for species of: ore, but for  '.Ore of great richness.  Petitions to the commissioner of lands and  .works are being circulated for signatures, asking  that the lease made to the Kootenay Syndicate,  Limited, be declared null'and void, because of  that company's failure to carry out the terms of  the lease. The petitioners state that a number  of settlers are now on the reserved lands lying  between Kootenay lake and the boundary line,  in the belief that the company has not complied  with its contract with the provincial government, and that the commissioner of lands and  'works should inquire into the matter at once, so  as to settle the dispute. The men who have settled on the lands are there in good faith, and  not as mere speculators. They see that the  mining camps on Kootenay lake require such  products as they can raise, and if the land is  kept tied up until 1898, thousands of dollars will  be sent across the boundary line for produce  that can as well be raised north as south of the  line. W. A. Baillie-Grohman, the manager of  the company, states that his company has lived  up to every clause of the lease; at the same  time he is not making friends for his company  by laying claim to the timber across the outlet  from Balfour, and also, it is said, claiming the  land on which that townsite is located.    That he  has complied with the provisions of the lease is  questionable, and that his reclamation work  will be a success is debatable; yet the provincial  government should inquire into the matter, and  settle it one way or the other before more bad  blood is stirred up.        '������������������ \  The price of silver keeps falling point by-  point, being quoted at $1.08$ an ounce in New  York on the 15th. This drop of 12 cents since  September 1st is not caused by increased production of the mines in the. United States, but,  rather, is made possible by the treasury "'depart-':  ment standing in with Wall, street 'manipul-  ators, just as it stood In with the'sarhe���������s'tne������t..  before the resumption of specie payments in  1876, \vhen gold was an article-of speciila-tion.  The friends of /silver are beginning to see that  any law short of one making free coinage obligatory is useless to prevent the enemies of sil- ;  ver making it a gambling commodity on stock  exchanges7 The question is of as much concern  to the people of the United States as is that of/  the tariff; but it is one on which the Republican party is badly split. Prominent eastern  members of that party are almost to a man opposed to silver being placed on an equality with  gold, while western Republicans are a unit in its  favor. It is a fight of themonied classes of the  east against the producing classes of the west,  and the stalwart west will win in the end. The  question is one that interests Canada, as the day  is not far distant when the mines of British  Columbia and western Ontario will take high  rank as producers of silver. Even today the  drop of 12 cents an ounce is a loss of fully $5000  to the owners of a single mine on Toad mountain, on a shipment of 2500 sacks of ore, andaloss  of almost as much to the owners of another  mine, in Hot Springs district, who will make a  large shipment this fall.  It is a little tiresome to read the long-winded  editorials on the McKin ley tariff bi 11 now appearing in Canadian papers. The United States  has thrived under the protective system and  Canada has done likewise. No better argument  in favor of the system can be brought  forward. If it was not for the protective system, Canada would today be a colony dependent  on Great Britain or the United States for nearly  every manufactured article its people consume.  But, instead, its x^eople manufacture almost  every article needed for home consumption, and  are rapidly becoming large exporters to non-  manufacturing countries. A system that is  good for the United States is also good for Canada. All things considered, the people of the  United States probably know which system is  best for them; and as they are now of age, it is  no funeral of the Canadians if they do bust up  in business.   The provincial government has realized upwards of $15,000 in cash from the sale of lots in  the townsite of Nelson. A large proportion of  this amount was paid by parties now residing in  Nelson, who have regularly, paid their provincial revenue tax, their license tax, their personal  property and real . estate tax, and their free  miner's tax. These taxes and licenses have  been cheerfully paid. Yet, while this large revenue has been derived from the people of a comparatively small village, if a needed public improvement is made, one that benefits the province more than the individual, the citizen is  compelled to do it with his own money, the government not contributing a cent. On the streets  of Nelson���������public highways as they are���������the  government has not expended a dollar. This is  not, fair.    As long as the province is in the busi-  m  l������ffiffl_&_^^  BiiM____MMaM_M3_^^ THE  MZrTEK:    NELSON,   B.   C,   SATUEDAY,   00TOEEE  25,  1890.  Dealers in Dry; Cloods, G-roceries, Provisions, Canned G-oods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners': Supplies a Specialty.  . The stock is fall and complete in every Department, ancl the public will find it to-'.their advantage to call and inspect G-oods    ���������''���������;���������.  7   , and compare Prices.  Main Street: REVELSTOKE.  .9 and 11 East VernonStreet, NELSON.  ness of selling town lots, it should do as other  townsite owners do, contribute a share of the  expense of gr������ading streets and other necessary  public improvements. It is not yet too late this  season for the" government to expend a few hundred dollars toward making the streets of Nelson passable for teams.  It cannot be said truthfully that the towns in  the lake country are growing rapidly; but they  are undoubtedly grooving as fast as the country  behind them is being developed.     The business  men and mechanics at Ainsworth and Nelson  are making  moneys not large  amounts, it  is  true, yet enough to keep them "solid" at home  and in financial good standing on  the outside.  No "booms" have yet struck either of the towns;  likewise, no depressions.     The "boom" when it  does   come   will   be backed   lip   by developed  mines second to none in America.    No mining  country has a brighter future.    If the provincial  government be wise, the district will next year  be tapped by the Northern Pacific and Spokane-  Northern railways, as well as by the Canadian  Pacific.    Railways do much more than make a  country   accessible; they  induce  capitalists  to  make investments in the countries made accessible.    For every dollar  expended in  Kootenay  district ill railroad building, another dollar will  be  invested  in mines  and  smelters.    This is a  natural  result.    The  men   who   build  railways  nowadays   do   not   build  branch'  roads into   a  country unless^he country has resources that,  when   developed, will pay the road's operating  expenses and good   interest on  the investment.  These  railway builders have little difficulty in  inducing capitalists to develop a  country's natural   resources,   for   capitalists   seeking  investments depend largely on the advice of others,  and quite naturally follow  the advice given by  successful railway builders.  The Denver Mining Exchange Journal is en-  _ra_red in a laudable work. It is making an  effort to raise by subscriptions a fund with  which to erect a home for disabled and superan-  uated miiiers. So far, the amount subscribed  is principally made up of shares in Colorado mining companies, single subscriptions running as  high as 500 shares. Merely to show their good  will toward a, charitable work, The Miner suggests that the promoters of tlie Pacific Bullion  Mining Company of Spokane Fails donate 5000  shares of that company's capital stock.  ���������    Ave We to  Have  a  Winter   Mail  service-?  Last year the steamer Galena made her last  trip to Bonner's Ferry on December 8th.    This  year she will" probably be kept running until  stopped by ice, as the volume of traffic  is considerably larger than last year. While  this insures the people at Ainsworth and Nelson  postal accommodations for yet another 6 weeks,  efforts should at once be made to perfect arrangements for a weekly mail service -during  the/winter. It is useless to place any dependence whatever on the government, as the representatives of the postoffice department seem to  be as pig-headed as they are slow-geared and  penurious.  _>oing His./IMity ..Toward Has Constituents.  J. M. Kellie, .assemblyman-elect for West  Kootenay, returned to Nelson on Thursday,  after visiting Hot Springs district and the boundary line. He is convinced that Hot Springs  district will in time make a mining camp second  to none in the province. By going over the  ground and consulting with the people, he believes he understands-the" needs.of that section,  so far as their needs can be affected bv legisla-  tion. While he make no promises as to; what  he will do, he hopes to obtain appropriations  sufficiently large to keep necessary wagon roads  and trails in good repair, as .-well" as to provide a  school building should one be needed for the  district. He believes that the government  should treat Nelson liberally, as the town has  been a .source of large revenue to the province.  He can see no good reason why a sum should  not be set aside to improve its streets, the government yet having a large number of lots to  dispose of in the original townsite. As for recommending appropriations for a wharf, for the  completion of the Hall wagon road/etc, etc., he  says he will be guided altogether by the wishes  of the people of the district. He also states that  he will'endeavor to get through an appropriation for a school-house, believing that there are  already a number sufficiently, large-, to warrant  an appropriation being made. Mr. Kellie goes .  from Nelson to.Trail Creek; thence north to  Revelstoke and Illecillewaet.  An   Original   Sjoealioii  Xotir-e.  It   has   been   said, in   a  joking way, that the  prospectors  in  the Trail Creek  district carried  only an axe and a lead pencil with which to uncover blind ledges and sink prospect holes.  The following is a, specimen of the lead.pencil  work, the4 names alone being fictitious.  \\Q May 5 1800  I now this day lokcy  this mineral claimc and 70050 cast  and 700f)0 west and 300 .Ft on each side Oomstock the mine.  RICH A HI)    ROI_,  JOHN1    DOE.  Application for Water Eight.  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take three hundred inches of water from a spring1 of  water now flowing in three branches through, my preemption near Nelson, in West Kootenay district, at any point  from its source or throughout my preemption, to be conveyed across the land reserved by the government and my  preemption, to any portion of my said preemption or the  town of Nelson where water will be required for irrigation,  manufacturing, milling, and household purposes; for a  term of ninetv-nine years. J. D.TOWNLEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890.  SUCCESSOR TO  iast Baker Street,  _csr_E3H,so3sr.  HOOVER & CEADDOOK,  'Nelson,   15. ���������.   ;,  Dealers in all kinds of Farm Produce  Consignments of Fresh Fruit will be Received Weekly  from Spokane Falls.  GOOD CORRAL AND    STABLING.  All accounts due  and all bills against the late firm of  Cook & Hoover will be settled by the above firm.  BA"DT>1?TT  Horse-Shoeing a Specialty  All kinds of .Bobbin;; and Htcpuiriux��������� Exw.ul.cd  Neatly  and   S'romntly.  Ward Street, opp. Government Office, Nelson.  '.. Bredemeyef, Ph. Dr.  (Late partner of John McVicker's, Salt Lake City)  ASSAYER,  Mining Engineer, and Provincial and U. S. Surveyor.  AGENT  FOR   HAND'S   FIREWORKS.  Masonic Temple Block, Vancouver, B. 0.  MATES   KY)I.  ASSAV1XO.  Silver, Lead, or Gold.. .$2 00 ( Copper,Silvcrand Gold.$2 50  Zinc or Arsenic  n 00 I Silver or Gold bullion.. 3 00  Silver and Lead or Silver and Gold     2 0o  Iron, Lime. Silica or Manganese.     o 00  Sealed sample for Lead, Silver and Gold     4 00  Sealed sample for Copper, Silver and Gold.       o 00  Lead bullion, for Silver and Gold ���������     2 00  Assays from Kootenay district promptly attended to.  Makes reports on and surveys and maps of mines. Thirty  years experience ; speaks 10 languages.    Terms, cash.  ^������������������WTisi wv;: "-a!^,.,������������������������.-, i&r--^^rre^-T.^r^r_5T^^7^  TH-ran^A- .v- .."ev* 4g .��������� ���������w^_?r7,7TiT7rT^raCT^.rt������������ ���������'ri^.'f^^'^T^^fT7^^"'7^:*-���������*^re^'g?"T������7^^1^"nnp??^ir?^ d  TEE MINER:    _^S0#,.\ B.   C,  SATUEDAY,   OCTOEEE 25,  ������^at' :^EEKWI,  1890.  FJE.iT  "KASTISAKJEK   STKEET.    ,  A. J, MARKS, C. VAN   NESS,  PROPRIETORS.  LAEGffiST HOTEL IN NELSON  AFFORDS   SPLENDID   VIEWS  -   ''-���������"OF   BOTH;'-..'  TOAD MOUNTAIN AND KOOTENAY RIVER  Best brands of liquors and cigars always in stock.   The  table furnished with the best in the market.  V^on Street> ^ Joseph^  ���������������������_������_-, n. c.  SODERBERG & JOHNSON  T"E HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE ^  ������* quests thus obtv ������������������ K������OTENAV  its guests thus obtaining-splendid views  of both-mountain and river.  THE ROOMS THE TABLE  are comfortable in size and      is acknowledged   the best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  Engineering science has never accomplished a  more perfect piece of work than was brought to  a conclusion about midnight of August 30th, under the bed of the St. Glair river.;   The 2 great  shields, each 21^ feet in diameter, which ha ve so  long- been steadily pushed riverward from either  bank, were made to meet exactly edge to edge  in line with each other, thus finishing the labor  of excavation on this great work.   These shields  were pushed for ward by 24 hydraulic rams each  with a piston area of 8 inches diameter, capable  of exerting a pressure of 125 tons per ram.    The  greatest pressure which had to be used was only  40 tons per ram, or .050 tons on the shield.  The funnel proper is 6050 feet in length; with  its   connecting   open   approaches    the   length  reaches about 28,000 feet.    The work of excava-  i ion was completed in a few days over one year.  The expedition and perfection with which this  work has been done has beaten all previous rec-,  ords.    It is in contemplation to put another tun-   /  nel through near by and on a parallel line. I  This  underground  and sub-aqueous passage   i  between the  united States and Canada consti-   |  tutes the longest river tunnel in the wozld, and  will be of inestimable value to shipping interests,  and it solves a heretofore difficult problem in  ti'ansportation.    The disadvantages of a bridge  across any of the waters which connect the west  with the seaboard have been so plainly apparent  that, despite the great necessity for a passage,  such a bridge has never been built.    The tunnel  removes all difficulties, as  it affords, a passage  without offering the least obstruction to shipping.  The  completion   of   this  tunnel   will  have a  mai^ked effect on trade between Canada and the  west and northwest, as it reduces the time en  route, and  removes  that obstacle  to  the fast  moving of freight, ferry transportation.     The  private company which carried out this great  work deserves all commendation.    It was  built   i  under the supervision of the Canadian government���������has no double in the world, and in many  ways is a marvel of engineering work and skill.  The success of this work and especially of the  Hudson river tunnel if brought to successful termination, will be the construction of tunnels instead of bridges hereafter as connecting links of  communication over all gi*eat navigable waters  of reasonable breadth.  If Tom 0ont so ���������������������*   ������������������>���������----  ;i  f   Corner \vfJo< v   '  ONLY TW0-ST0EY EOTVt  ��������� I  ������. HOTEL W NBL80M  T'ie International li, -  <>^y tt,ronSHouC niSh0d  TABLE ,s "or SURpASS,  by &ny hotel in fi-r    _ ������ 1  THE SAMPLE-HooMm ������Tn7^m7  ������������������AS2_.'_*I������������������-.  WW, HUNTER s  NELSON, B. c.  K   &   T.   MADDE  proprietors.  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with a frontage  cowards Kootenay river, and is newly-  furnished throughout.  _T JE3I jE      TABLE  is supplied with everything* in the* market, the kitchen  being- under tlie immediate supervision of Hug-h  Madden, a caterer of larg-e experience.  ^w   -o-sasp' _______  is the best hotel in BALFOUR, the new town at the outlet of .Kootenay lake, 8 miles from Ainsworth and  20 from Nelson.  (rood Beds.   Meals at all Hours.  WILLIAM  THOMAS  PROPHIETOR  i_ls(W ladtory;  Baker Street, near Josephine,  All Wort  Turned  Gut Promptly  and ja First-Class Style.   None bat White  Melp Employed.  _A_X_IO."EI   FOSTER,  __v_:_A-^S^^_.0-Ei^>  If Tom ������out go Out, .Tou*II not Need to Come - JSacJf.  Men will leave here this fall, who believe that  a  winter spent amid  the   Selkirk's snow-clad  peaks entails hardships unbearable, and will return in the spring blanking themselves for being  biankety blank fools for spending their money  and  wasting their time, not  at the  old farm  homestead, but in towns and at hot-houses in  which  they would not introduce female relatives.    Men   wiil   leave   $3.50 a day on   Toad  Mountain or at Hot Springs and return in the  spring  broke,  having   spent   their  savings  in   rushing from mining camp to mining camp in   (  search of a 3-dollar-a-day job.    Men   will  quit  |   THE BAR  IS   STOCKED  WITH  THE  BEST  work on promising prospects, that need  only .       ,     -' , .. , ^   -  work to prove their worth, and meander away brands of beer, ale, wme, whisky, and cigars.  oh3 to out-of-the way districts in California and       ~        ��������� ; ���������   Nevada, in the hope of finding 100-foot ledges      "The Pioneer Hotel of Toad  Mountain  Distiict."   l  of native silver and free gold on every mountainside, and they, too will return here in the spring  wishing  they hadn't  left   in   the   fall.    Boys,  when you are in a good country, stay with-it  until you make a homes take.  287 _ots Sold in Booming Balfour.  To the Editor of Tub Miner;   It may interest your readers to know that the total number of lots sold in this town to date is 287.    Part  of the lumber is on the the ground for a residence for a well-known member of the community, who will begin building in about 10 days.  Thomas   Shearer   wras    in    yesterday,   having  walked from Coffee creek to inspect this end of  his contract of trail cutting.   He reports having  made good progress so far, being about 3 miles  south from Coffee creek.    This leaves a gap of a  mile and a half remaining uncut. If the weather  holds good, connection with the part cut from  this   end should  be made  by the end of the  month, and then the terrors of lake navigation  can  be avoided.     Thomas house  running full  time and busy. Charles Westly Busk.  Balfour, October 20th.  Corner ot Veruon and ^   .^  EJ-SOAf, __.. C!  JOHNSON   &  pbgprIEtobs  T,,e "Station made for thi, h ��������� '  "���������-tor, J. r. WARD  ;��������������� ri8������ ^ US f0ra'er P~-  --ent^::rnraiiied^ THE  MINEfi:'.'-.. _TELSO_T,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   OCTOBER  25,   1890.  'CJ-E'adi. of  the  wokuks  news.  There will be at least 2 towns of importance  in the   mining districts adjacent to Kootenay  lake, although others may be built up as the resources of the country become developed.   In the  the district known as Toad Mountain,,N������LS0J_I.  is at present the only town.    The site is owned  by the Province and by the Canadian Jacific, and  is situated at the head of navigation ,:on the outlet or west arm of Kootenay lake.   NELSON  will be the eastern terminus of the Columbia &  Kootenay branch of the Canadian Pacific.   "When  tint branch is completed to a connection with the  niain'line at Calgary'on the east, and through to  Hope on the west, rTELSOrT will be the chief  division point,   At present it is the main commercial town in, the Kootenay Lake country, and  every effort will be made by its people and its  owners to maintain that lead.   In Hot Springs  district, where over 300 mineral locations have  been made, several of which are aheady developed  past the prospect stage, AIFSWOETH "is the  only town to which they "are all directly tribu-  tary, its site being less than 6 miles distant from  any and but 3 from most of them.   The townsite  is owned by George J. Ainsworth, a California  capitalist, who will make every endeavor to improve it.   Already general merchandise stores,  hotels, and other businesses are established, and  the future of the town is assured.   Business and  residence lots in both Ainsworth and Nelson for  sale by HOUSTON,  INK & ALLAN, Nelson.  Application for Water Eight.  Notice is hereby given, that 1 intend making application  . to the assistant commissioner of lands and works for West  Kootenay district, under the water sections of the "Land  Act." for authority to divert two hundred and -fifty inches  of water from East Fork of Cottonwood Smith creek, the  water to be taken from said creek above a small fall which  is near the "Fairview" and "Airlie" -mineral claims, and  distant about four miles in a southeasterly direction from  the south line of���������* the Nelson townsite reserve. West  Kootenay district.; the water to be conveyed in pipes or in  a flume or ditch along the western slope of the mountain  to a point, at or near the town of Nelson, where it can be  utilized for running- reduction'works, electric-light works,  and for furnishing- power for manufacturing purposes and  water for household purposes and rises : and more particularly for running a concentrator for working ores from the  ."Umatilla-Uncle Sam" and "Lizzie (-"groups of mines, in  which I am an owner. The right to be for a period of  ninety-nine years.  Dated at Nelson, li. C the 21st day of October, 1800.  'I HOM AS C. COLLINS.  Application for Water Eight.  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner, of hinds and works for authority  to take one thousand incites of water, from Cottonwood  Smith creek, near Nelson, in West ��������� Kootenay district;  commencing at a point where the said Cottonwood Smith  (���������reek first enters my preemption, or at any point where it  flows through or at its exit from my preemption or thereabouts, to be conveyed through the hinds reserved by the ���������  government and my preemption, to any portion of the said  town of Nelson whore water will be required for milling,  manufacturing, and -household purposes tor a term of  ninety-nine years. J. 1). TOW'NLEV.  Nelson, October 22nd. 1800.  a span of MATCHED CHESNUT HORSES; S years  old; weight, about 1200 pounds each. Warranted sound  and good  to   work.    Will also sell harness and wagon.  WHITEHEAD & McLEAN.  Slocan, B. C.,.October mh.  ! Five  carloads;of ore ��������� 57 tons in  all���������have  been   run  I through the rock crusher of the Revelstoke smelter.    It  I is not likely that the smelter will be started up this fall or  ! winter, as there is hot enough ore in sight to  warrant  | blowing in the works even for a trial run.  i. Dead.wood, Dakota, is to have .a. railroad right at its very  ! doors.     The 9^ miles from White wood is about completed.  ! In the distance is a tunnel 870 feet under cover, which,  | with its approaches, has a. total length of 2070 feet.  The Mattecn, a Black Hills, Dakota, tin ledge, is 82 feet  0 in width. A shaft is down on it 1)8 feet. While the ore  now exposed is not rich enough for smelting, it is thought  that .at a greater depth  the whole ledge will be profitable.  The removal of the export duty of $2 a thousand feet  , on logs has stimulated lumber shipments- to the   United  States from the Ottawa district, over 500 carloads leaving  in one day last week. ';,"  The laborers employed in constructing a dam across the  ,; Missouri river at Great Falls, Montana, together with  ' those employed at the Union smelter and in grading a site  for the Boston-Montana smelter, have made a demand for  an advance in wages from $2.25 to $2.50 a day. The demand was not complied with, and a'-strike is the result.  Tlie employers of the labor have asked-governor Toole  for troops, but he declines to issue an order until asked to  dp so by'the civil authorities.      7  John L. Sullivan says he would be eager to meet the  winner, of the Slavin-Jackson contest. Sullivan has no  doubt but that Slavin will be the winner. Sullivan and  his cqmbina tion leave San Francisco for Australia for 2S  weeks. By that time the Slavin-Jackson mill will have  taken place. Sullivan's only conditions are that the tight  shall be for a purse of not less than $25,000, and that'he  shall be, guaranteed immunity from the authorities. A  Melbourne athletic club is willing to put up a purse of that  amount and to guarantee there shall be no legal complications. Sullivan wants to bet Slavin $10,000 on "the outside.    This will make a stake of $35,000. 7  Henry Tibbey, father of Ben Tibbey, the well-known  mine superintendent of Butte, died in that city last week.  Mr. Tibbey was in Hot Springs district when a telegram  summoned him home, arriving in time to support his aged  father in his last hours.  The McKin ley tariff hill  reduces the duty oil copper ore  1 cent a pound, the new rate being H cents. Old copper  for remanufacture is.admitted for 1 cent a pound, the old  rate being 3 cents. Regulus of copper and copper cement,  is.now charged 3$ cents, instead of 3J cents. Copper in  plates, bar, or ingots, not manufactured, has been reduced  from 4 cents to hi cents a pound. Copper in rolled plates,  rods, pipes and sheathing remains unchanged at 35 per  cent ad valorem.  The Canadian eggs shipped to England, as a result of the  Mckinley bill, arrived on the English market in good condition, and they netted their shippers the same prices-as  were quoted in Boston and New York. The dealers in  Montreal arc in consequence quite jubilant, and will make  several more large shipments at once.  C. J. Bowell, son of the minister of customs, has been appointed inspector of Canadian customs at Tacoma, vice  Robertson, deceased.  A. Missoula, Montana, man named Theodore Mueller offers to Wager $200 that he can strike an anvil, set before  him hip high, 10,000 times in 4 hours, or GO times a minute  for 00 consecutive minutes, or 1 hour without changing  hands, using a 10-pound hammer.  The vote for the county seat of Shoshone county, Idaho,  as compiled by the Murray Sun, stands: Osburn 997,  W-allaee 771, Murray 302. As neither place had a majority  of the votes cast, the county seat remains at Murray.  Ben Wilson, the Democratic candidate for governor in  Idaho, carried but 3 counties in the state���������Boise by 21,  Cassia by 10, and Elmore by 14. Shoup carried the other 15  by 2580 majority, making his majority over Wilson 2535.  Fancy and toilet goods, patent medicines, fruits, tobaccos,  cigars, stationery, etc.  Postoffice Store, Nelson, B. 0.  LKJa        JL. ��������� \J  .VBe-S-beB*  of' .Society of tBacmical   Biiilusfr.v;  Ais.Itoi* of **_������rji<!-ion_ ^j-g:in_c ._ji:t!ysis," of  "'���������'lie  Bron   tores' of _li<>   World," KlV...   Kir.  Kvporl.    in   tli������>   "IBliicIiirtf** . Mining   Suit.  MSSSSiNG    EXPERT   AND   CHEMIST  NELSON,   li.   C.  REVISED   ASSAY   CHARGES.  Sil  Co  Sil  Sil  Sil  Sil  Sil  Th  Mi  ver. Cold or Lead.  PPer   ver and Lead  ;   ver, Gold and Lead    ver and Copper   ver, Gold and- Copper   ver and Gold ,. ���������   roe samples for Silver or for Lead   neral  properties managed and  reported upon,  ests'of non-residents attended to.  , ..?!. 50  . . 2 50  . . 2 00  . . 2 00  . . 3 00  . . 1 00  . . 2 00  ..  3 50  In tor-  No better real estate in-'  vestment!  and centrally located at  the head of the west arm  of Kootenay Lake, unsurpassed for fishing, boating, and hunting! All  steaniboa1:s to and from  Nelson and B onner's  Ferry call there! Lots  50x 120; streets 60 feet  wide! Prices, $25 and  $30; terms, to suit purchasers! Lots selling  like hot cakes! Buy  early I Maps and further  particulars from H: An-  derson, Ainsworth; H.  Selous, Nelson; or ;.G. W.  Busk, on the ground.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  'or MINERAL   CLAIMS require to lie published  nine weeks',in a newspaper other than the  Hritish Columbia Cazette: their publication in THJi*  MlNJil. will cost tlie applicant  FIFTY-FI VI������ CENTS a line.  Notice is hereby given that Duncan Gilchrist, Charles  Rossitor, and Frank .Leslie Fitch have filed the necessary  papers and made application for a. crown grant in favor of  a.'mineral claim known as the "Union,"situated in the  Hot Springs .sub-division, Kootenay lake. ���������'.'-..  Adverse claimants, if any; are notified to forward their  objections to me within sixty days from date of publication. (!. C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Revelstoke, October Sth, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that A. L. Davenport and.Charles  Hussey have tiled the necessary.papers and made application for a crown grant in favor of a- mineral claim known  as (lie��������� Poorman, situated on Eagle creek, West Kootenay  district.    ; :  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to file their objections with me within (50 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, September 21!h, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that A. I). Wheeler, in behalf of  himself and partners, lias filed the-necessary, papers and  made application Tor a, crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the Ayeshti., situated at the Hot Springs.  Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified'-to send their  objections fo me within sixty days from dale of publication. G. C. TUNSTA LL, government agent.  Revelstoke, September.1st, 1890.  Application for Water Right.  , On behalf of the Nelson Wafer Works Company, Limited Liability, thereby give notice of an application by  this company to the honorable chief commissioner of  lands and works for'authority to' take: one hundred and  fifty inches of water from 'Cot ton wood Smith .creek, near  Nelson, in West Kootenay district-, at a point about 100  feet above the junction of that stream with Giveout creek,  to be conveyed across the land reserved by the-government to such points in and about the town of Nelson as  may be necessary and conducive fo the attainment.of the  objects of the said company, as set forth in the memorandum of association of the said company, for a term of  ninety-nine years. W.  GESNER   ALLAN.  Nelson, October 6th, 1890. Secretary,  WMMMiiM 8  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   OOTOBEE  25,  1890.  fr'  Main Street,  EETELSTOKE  Eailroad Avenue,  SPEOAT.  W^E3I OILIEST!-, IE   ^A.__TID   lEfcZE] tail  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies  eDliine  K1W&,.     nratnon ____���������"jam������g  - l^j''     _Jit_f  f___5_S_S__Bl���������9_     f.   ^_ll tWUMX���������S(__B���������D3I  S.WAtSL ..iVIJ������'������BTS   OF   :SBWS.  Tlie last improvements to the Nelsoii wharf-float cost  ������51.50, towards which the owners of the steamer Galena  contributed $20, J. E.Walsh ������5, G. O. Buchanan $5.25, II.  Selous $2, and R. E. Lemon $2.'  On the corner of Granite avenue and Josephine streets is  r to be erected Nelson's first distinctive residence building.  It will be 2 stories and have 6 rooms, 'the plot is 50x120  feet and has a north frontage. Rock for the foundation is  now being placed on the ground. 'Wlion completed it will  be occupied by its owner, Ed Corning.        v  On her Thursday trip the Galena failed, for the first time  this season, to bring in the mail from Bonner's Ferry. The  stage from Kootenay station did not make connections.  The people of tlie lake country can stand the annoyance of  going .without a. mail for 8 days; but it, will be hard lines on  the incoming stage passengers to lay over 4 days at so dull  a place as Bonner's FeriT-  The distance from Nelson to the site of the railway  bridge across the Kootenay is a good 5 miles by the trail,  part of the distance being up a steep mountain; yet 2 men,  who by the girt of their waists would make gifted alderman,',  of the regulation size, say they walked the distance on  Thursday in less than an hour and a quarter. Both men  arc well-known contractors, and are probably in training,  knowing full well that they will have to walk out of the  country this fall, not having made enough on theirC. & K.  'contracts to pay the steamboat fare from-Sproat. to Rev el-  '." stoke.    '-',',-  It is currently reported that Green Brothers of Illecille-  waet may start a store at Ainsworth this fall; and if not  this fall, in the spring sure.  Contractor Flager has subbed the work of clearing the  new-railroad townsite, 2 miles up the Columbia from  Sproat.  The sub-contractors are new engaged at the work.  The Davies-Say ward mill at Pilot Bay is cutting lumber.  This makes the third saw-mill in operation in the Kootenay Lake country, and there should.be no scarcity of  building material from this time on. The owners of the  mill"2 miles south of Nelson, however, claim that they  cannot, even now, cut lumber as fast as they can find sale  for it. ' ;  Another hotel has been opened at Ainsworth, that of  McNeill & Blomborg. '.That flourishing- mining town has  now 1 places at which refreshments, liquid or solid, can be  obtained.  No finer vegetables can be grown on the Pacific coast  than right,here on tlie unreclaimed lands in the valley of  the Kootenay. Rykert's cabbages and McLaughlin's potatoes are becoming as noted as Chilli whack's apples and  Spillamacheen's pumpkins.     ' c ', "  The Miner office is ornamented with brand-new window blinds in blue, lettered in gold and black. Sorry to  record tlie fact, yet the work is not the product of home  industry, but of foreign pauper labor.  It is reported that the _-mile-square block taken up by  the Canadian Pacific at the mouth of Trail creek is to be  turned into a ganie preserve, and stocked with goats and  ���������'mountain sheep���������the only animals that could without difficulty keep their feet on its rugged and precipitous slopes.  . The Mixer is indebted to Ja.mes Delancy of Spokane  Falls for a copy of a souvenir pamphlet descriptive of  Spokane's leading industry���������real estate ��������� and those engaged in it. The pamphlet certainly is artistic in its get  lip; but, like The Miner's new blinds, the artistic work  was done away from home, -which does not speak well for  ���������the-printing, establishments' of- a city as pretentious as  Spokane Falls.  The mineral claim "Pride of (lie West," belonging to (lie  estate of M. A. Cochrane:, deceased, was sold at public auction on the 20th by mining recorder Giffin.��������� It was bid in  by M. C. Monaghan.  Personals: J. Fred Hume came in from Revelstoke on  Tuesday, and the next day men were at work clearing oft"  ground down at "the cabins "on which to build the 0. & K.  navigation company's new steamer. Along with mr.  Hume came T. A. It. Blackwood, the mineral-water man  from Winnipeg. Mr. Blackwood sized up the town for 2  days and went on up to Ainsworth by the Galena on Friday. There he will probably test the effervescing qualities  of the water of the Hot Springs, with a, view of starting a  branch eatablishment somewhere on the lake. J. A. Gibson, who manages Sproat's only .first-class hotel, spent a  couple of days this week in Nelson. He reports Sproat as  slowly dying; and by the time Genelle's saw-mill closes  down, there will be no one left in the place but " my brother Tom " and that veteran packer, Tom Dunlap.    Super  intendent Marpolc, master mechanic Johnson, and storekeeper Baker, of the Pacific'division of the Canadian Pacific spent Tuesday night in Nelson. It was the first visit  of mr. Johnson and mr. Baker to a real live mining town,  and they departed next morning, honestly believing that  the tovvii might, be a great deal livelier and yet be duller  than Donald, a town that isn't within 100 miles of a mine.  A second dance was given at the International Friday  o evening. Among'those present were mrs. Ellis, mrs. Corning, mrs. Hilts, mrs. Thurburn, mrs. Helm, mrs. Shannon,  mrs. McLeod, mrs. Seraffbrd, mrs..-Turner, miss McDer-'  mott, and misses Julia and Lida Corning. To make it  pleasant for these ladies the following gentlemen were in  attendance : Messrs. Giffin, Collins, Thurburn, Lee, Ellis,c  Kellie, Van Ness, Ncsbitt, Hebert, Woods, Goldsmith,  Wiegraan, Gilker, Helm, Hunter, Dawson, Hansen, and  Richardson.  A. iL. Davenport, who acted a������ business manager and as-  sayer at the Poorman mine and mill this summer, left for  Portland, Oregon, on Monday, going out by way'of Sproat.  and Little Dalies. He expects to pass the \yinter at Portland anct at Silver City, Idaho, being interesteo. in mining  property at, the latter place. Mr. Davenport will find the  climate at Silver City severe as compared with that on the  sunny side of Toad mountain. Snow falls to a depth of  20 feet in the Idaho camp, while on Eagle creek there will  be hardly enough for tobogganing. ,  At the Lakeview hotel, Nelson, on Monday last, John  Petties died of pneumonia, after a few days illness. Deceased was interested in claims on Eagle creek and had  been working for a grub-stake at the Skyline, where he  got a severe cold that led to his death. He was buried in  Nelson cemetery on .Tuesday. Mr.. Petties was a native of  Texas, but the exact whereabouts of his relatives is not  certain. Anyone able to give any information on the  matter will please address to The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  On Friday Joe Wilson's pack-train brought in merchandise from the end of the Columbia & Kootenay track for  Gilker & Weils, T. V. Thurburn, R. E. Lemon, Hume &  Co., and Houston, Ink & Allan.  I&ocs the Time Maile SScut the JKcc.or������l?  While the best time made in a rowboat over  the course between Ainsworth and Nelson is a  matter of doubt, A. D.Wheeler and Joe Petty  claim a record of 5 hours and 42 minutes, making- that time today in the "City of Paris,", a  boat built by the Cockle brothers, who have attained considerable local celebrity as builders of  speedy craft. The distance is between 28 and 30  miles. A head-wind was rowed against on the  lake, but from Balfour to Nelson the wind was  slightly in their favor.  The  _5o������Iy Not  Vet Kccovere������I.  Every effort has been iiiaue by the people of  Ainsworth   to   recover    the   body  of  Thomas  Burns, drowned in Kootenay lake last week.  Dynamite was exploded, in the hope that the  detonation would cause the body to come to the  surface, and the bank lias been frequently patrolled ; but, according- to latest advices from  Ainsworth, without the result hoped for.  John  Sandon   Was  .\ot  Drowned.  The statement that John Sandon, a ranchman  living on the lake shore 8 miles north of Ainsworth, was drowned in Kootenay lake during  the storm'of. Wednesday last week, on being investigated, proved to be untrue. A boat supposed to be his was found adrift in the lake,  hence the report.  Three 3_ile.s  of the J_oa<ll CouipLeteriL  Work   has   been   entirely suspended   on   the  Hall wagon road.    Three miles  of the-10 were  completed, and  if better headway is not made  in .-future attempts, 3 more summers will come  .arid go before the riches of the Silver,King- and  of the Dandy and of tlie.'Iroquois and of the  Grizzly and of the Silver Queen and of the Irish  Nell and of the other-.great properties on Toad  mountain will be-hauled down by 16-mule teams  from an altitude of 6113 feet to the level of the  west arm of .Kootenay lake afi Nelson. The  work done is done well, and but little money  need be 'hereafter expended on the completed  portion to keepr,it in fii-st-class condition. All  the money set aside for the purpose by the government was used, together with several hun-(  dred dollars ''contributed, by the owners of the  Hall in in es.,  A. Ti'illc JLow for !.ueeessi'uj SieamboatiHjg.  The Lytton got stuck in the rapids below  Sproat, on Tuesday, on her tip-trip from Little  Dalles. Ther de ten tion ca used a delay of several  hours, and she did not. leave ''Sproat until "Wednesday at noon, and did not arrive at that place  on her return trip until Friday night. The stage  of water in the Columbia is getting just a. trifle  low for successful steaniboatmar..'���������''.��������� ���������  EEAL ESTATE AJH) MINING BE0KEES  AND  IJSTSLTEA]N"0E AGENTS.  Wc now represent a company prepared  to take risks in the Kootenay Lake  country on buildings, stocks, saw-mills,  mining machinery,  etc.,  at low. rates.  Offices���������105 West Baker Street, Xelson, IS. V., and  McConnell Block, Water Street,'Vancouver.. -  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  . Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled  on commission.     Conveyancing documents  drawn  up.     Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  -i^^  U  a  1 1  In.*

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