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The Miner Oct 18, 1890

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Array aawamMhaitAiffliiM.rftHimffi^^^
.^Lw'-v^t"!*"*^''""''
.Ouiy" Paper
Printed  in tlie
tKoo��e.na.y 'Lalie 51 i n-
���.. ius: IMstracls.'
For Rates
of SHliscrlplioiv and
Advertising
SeeFourth  I*ase.
NtJMBEB'.'18.
NELSON,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SiTUKDAY,   OGTOBEE   18,   1890.
$4' A YEAE.
.mNIW' NEWS    OF    THE.  -WBBR. 'SQIM|t!�� .iiV
''���"���',;. In Hot Springs  district1 little of interest iy reported, other than that difficulty is encountered
in procuring animals to pack shipping pre from
tlie   mines   to'"';, the landing  at   Ainsworth, the
Owners of pack trains refusing to do the work at
the   rates   ottered;     Dr. Campbell,  manager   of
the   Revelstoke   Mining   Company,   is   on   the
ground   making  preparations   for  carrying   on
work  at  the   United   and    No.   i   during    the
winter.    The wagon road will be extended from
the  Krao   to   the   United, a  distance, of half  a
���mile,-so thai ore can   be  hauled to the landing,
for transshipment  to Revelstoke in the spring.
A suitable ore-shed will be  erected atthe landing, if terms can Vie arranged with the owners of
the townsite.      On the United, a station   will  he
put in at a, depth  of 50 feet, and a drift   run on
the ledge in both direction's,    if this is done the
water.can probably be handled this winter without  the  aid   of- machinery. ���.. The   Best smelter
was to have made its first  trial run on Friday.
A test was made'.the forepart of the week on a
small quantity of picked  specimens, the result
being in1 every  way satisfactory.    The deiav in
making the trial run   is  said to have been occasioned'"by the refusal  of the owner of the pack
train  at" Ainsworth to   pack ore  at  the  price
offered, and by the refusal of prominent claim-
owners to furnish ore.
From Trail Greek, news comes in a: roundabout way that a mr. Dwyer, who visited the
camp to make an expert report: for Seattle parties, says its ore bodies are equal, if hot far
ahead. In quality to those in Toad Mountain
and Hot Springs districts. From a. 500-pound
sample he had assays" of $147 in gold. There is
said to be much activity in* the camp, and
miners are making quite extensive preparations
for the winter.
The more work done in Goat River district
the better the showings.' Among the owners in
its prospective bonanzas are \".lap" King, captain Hay ward, J. C. Rykert jr.. George Francis,
Thomas Shearer, George Barnes, dr. La Ban, and
the Petty brothers.
On  Rover  creek, the owners   of  the Whitewater are more than jubilant; they are million-.'
aires.    They claim   to   have   one of tlie  richest
properties  in   Toad   Mountain   district:   and   if
���'many tqiis of  ore  are  in- sight  as good as the
specimens on exhibition at Nelson, their claims
are based on a pretty solid foundation.    The free
gold is found in rose quartz and in oxides of iron,
the sulphuret ore being bur a small' percentage
of the total.    Recent assays  by Ellis of Nelson
$201 in gold and $21  in silver to the ton.
2 to 0 feet in width.    A prospecting.'mill'- will,  without ..doubt,  be placed on
the property at an early date.
On Fauie creek., work is reported entirely suspended at the Poorman, owing to a scarcity of
water. , The Wild .Cat, "Keefer <.v_, MeCrea^s promising'prospect., is looking away up, and way-np .
figures would have1 to be offered for it bv intend-   !
ing purchaser's. " ���
The   Chinese   placer   miners   on   Bird   and   -19   j
'creeks are taking our
the .amount   of  dust
Nelson.
gave
The ledge is'iron
good  pay. as is proved by
sold   to   their   "tvhee"   in
.\e����v  saeansboais   $\>v   She   Etv'ooieita.v  Tra<Se.
Yesterday   a   telegram  was received  by   mail
directing  the   Nelson   Sawmill   Company   to   at
one.' commence getting out lumber and material for a. steamboat for tlie -Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation-(Company, of which mr.
Mara is manager. The boat will be built at
"the' cabins," a mile below Nelson, and over
100,001) feet of lumber will be used in its construction. The machinery is now at Kamloops,
and will be shipped in on completion of the
Nelson-Sproat railway. A report: is also current
that D. C.Corbin is about to commence work
on a boat s,t Little Dalles; a boat that will be
speedy enough to make the round trip between
Sproat and Little Dalles in a day. The Lytton
now makes  one  trip a. week  through to .Little
Dalles, arriving at that place on Tuesdays;    The
other trip she stops 'at-'Sproat..,    Captain Gore,
���"her new commander,..is. said to be able to -take" a.
boat through any water in which a sahnon ca it
���run'. V -.;"��� 7,     ," ;'  .'.'���:'"'.'; '���'..
A   Pioneer 'B*roftj��eetor  8*ro�� ned   in   Kootenay   Exalte.
Thomas F. Burns, a pioneer prospector of Hot
Springs district, left Ainsworth about noon on
the 15th in a small Peterborough canoe to go to
Woodburycreek. The wind was blowing heavily from the south and some of his friends advised him to wait until it calmed down; but he
laughed at the idea,.of danger, as he was perfectly familiar with the canoe and had been out
in it in all kinds of weather. About 4 o'clock
a party of miners coming down from Woodbury
creek met the canoe bottom side up., the outriggers and oars gone, and a small paddle still
held by the th warts. Search was i in in ediatel y
made, and Until late in the night parties
patrolled the beach with lanterns, hoping that
he -..might have reached the' shore in an exhausted condition���-but nothing was seen of
him. Mr. Burns was a universal favorite and
well known in Ainsworth and had not an enemy
in Hot Springs0 district. -He was industrious,
sober, honest, and one of those men who are always ready to give a helping hand to anyone in
need. He. was interested in several claims that
bid fair to become valuable properties. A
younger brother, John Burns, about 18 years
old, came out toc live with him during the past
summer, and when our informant left Ainsworth was ignorant of the accident. They are
from Wisconsin, and have an only in other, who
will be heartbroken at the sad news.
AS    IMIWJKTAXT"   .1II.\I'.\<;   '8��BS��B*5<:KTY.
Several customs prevailing at the mines in
Australia would astonish the managers of some
of tlie inines in theneighborhood of Nelson and
Ainsworth. iii Australia, tlie mines are open to
theinspectionof' the general public, and not
fenced in bv an imaginary barb-wire fence as is
on e u oted in trie on Toad m oiln tai n. Th e I'ecen t
annouiiceinent of a, general strike of miners in
the Broken Hill mines, Barren 7ranges, New
South Wales, wherein 9000 men quit���'work-i has
attracted considerable attention to tlie -property
of the Broken Hill Proprietary Company. The
mines of the company are-.the most extensive
in the world, and tlie - .operations., of
the company for the last half year show
a: profit of ' $2,500,000, the dividends paid
being over $2,800,000. The ground was first
taken up by a boundary miner, who thought he
had found a mountain of tin. He secured 7
blocks, each 20 cliains sqnare, the present company holding 8 of the originial 7. An original
share in the Broken Hill ProprieiaryCompany
has received tcy date $730 in dividends and
bonuses.V. The price at which shares, were first
put on the market was $15. These shares have
been divided 'into 00, which are 'now saleable at
$01, or $88-10 for an original share. The first
owners of tlie mine were not well pleased with
their property at the beginning, and it is said 2
who owned one-fourteenth each played a, gaihe
of euchre to see who would take the other's
share, and pay up the calls that were being regularly made, the money' being spent in sinking
as Liaft on the i m in en se i n an ga i lesi c-iro u o u i: crop.
The assays made from this were poor until one
;    i^rortcd ssack to .Krjiisii.'(:<>i'oi'Bui��.iia.--'". -..., I   day chloride; of silver was found and then car-
.���,     .,, .   , '���     '���,.,, ,.T o     ,        ' ,   j   bonate of lead.     From that time on every dev-
ihe Chinese from Wild Horse creek, stopped   ,   e]()pment ]ms boen ^^ Uliril-i.o.wthe output
last week at Bonner's Ferry by the local author- i Gf the furnaces is 400 to 500 tons Of lead and
ities, were this week escorted back to the north | 150,000 ounces of silver per week. The furnace
side of the boundary line by order of the author- . plant consists of 18 .-'large furnaces with a
ities at Washington. They were endeavoring weekly capacity of 4500 tons of ore. They have
to gain admission into the United States by the   |   a  large   refinery  as   well   as   lixiviation works.
The concentrating works handled 28,404 tons of
low-grade ores in the last half year.   John Howell   and   William.  Harper, .both.'from   the Oomstock,   at    Virginia.   City,   Nevada,   direct   the
work;.-Howell-as acting inanager and Harper as
mining   manager.    Tlie  mines are open   to the
inspection' of  the   general  public.     'Newspaper
correspondents and reporters are admitted free,
but a fee of $1, which goes to tlie local hospital,-���'
is charged anyone   else,     it is   needless   to  say
that  this   interferes   with   (lie   work,   but   tlie
shareholders'wish it and it must lie done.    If the
manager's weekly report  to the directors is not
promptly published  there   is   a  great  row.    Of
course this allows the shareholders to know exactly what  is  being done, bfit it  has  its  disadvantages as well.      The price of 'shares are continually   fluctuating,-* as   the   difierent.   drives,
crosscuts, or shafts look well or otherwise from
dav tb'dav.
old dodge of wishing to remove the bones of a
dead relative, buried in some out-of-the-way
place in Idaho, for .shipment back to China. As
evidence that the story told by the Chinese arrested was merely a, ruse to evade the exclusion
law, 8 or 10 other's ..were intercepted at the
bovinda.ry line by the escort party. The 2
Chinese had to .'pay the expenses of the escort.
Of the Chinese who land in British Columbia,
fully 95 out of every 100 are .bound fpr the
United States, and, somehow, get there.
EdooloBta.v   Sialic   ITIisois   AsaolSser  ��0��rli"sa.
.*������   Another  case of  drowning is  reported  from
Ainsworth.    A boat, along with oars-and a hat,
were found floating on the lake after the Wednesday storm had abated, and were.'recognized
as belonging to John Sandon, who lived on a,
ranch on. the lake shore, 8 miles north of Ainsworth. Joseph Fletcher, his partner, started up
the lake to learn definitely "what had 'become of
mr. Sandon. Today, an, Indian came in ii'oni
Ainsworth, and, while not speaking intelligently, says the bodies of 2 men were picked up
on the lake, if his report;'be true, no doubt tlie
bodies are those, of 'Thomas' Burns and mr.
Sajiidon.
OiiJy   EljYeeu  lilies  Away.
Today the end of the track is a. mile oast of the
Slocan, and by this time next week it will be less
than 12 miles from Nelson. The first raft: of
timber for Hie cribs of tlie Kootenay bridge was
sent down this week. 'Hie timber will be taken
out of the river at Davenport's landing and
'l.i aid rid by wagon to the bridge site. The trusses
will be framed at Sproat. It is doubtful whether
the track will be completed by December 1st to
the point selected for a winter terminus. No
ore will be shipped over it to tlie Revelstoke
smelter this year, as even now the Lvtton
scrapes her bottom in the river below Revelstoke.
'/Laie  Silver Igiioiafioiis   EliilicuU.- to  Olifniii. ;
There is complaint that tlie t roasury purchases
of silver are not telegraphed;     It: is also claimed
that they are not uuule public. A leading San
'Francisco financier, recently returned from New
York, states that, the silver market is run", by.
rings, but whether the treasury is in ifno.one-
appears to know. The'Spokane daily paper received at Nelson does not print metal quotations; but the Denver Mining Fxehango .journal'
���of tin.4 10th quotes tlie New York, price, of silver
at $1..KH an ounce, and lead at 5.j cents a pound.
AU-v.   V&'orlli  .*K-HM><��<>   SBiippr.*!   from   I lie  Silver   lieaj;.
The summitofToad mountain is covert'd with
about 8 inches of snow, and it is likely to remain. The.Silver King ownors are in receipt of
another shipment of steel rails for the4 tunnel,
now in about 200 feet. Wilson's pack train
brought down today the last, sack of the 2500
shipped. The shipment, represents a value of
over "$40,000.
  ���   !<!\t
.i   i ���   ^.. -. -j i. "i-"r i. ��������.-�����*����� (".-iii k    * ���������    ������'...���' ..i  -   -i -.     ."iu-." . i   .-.-   ���  . j" .>��'-# ..      ."..-till   . t ". ��� .'.     nLfiii    ���   -     A. r ���/_������ ��� .��� ��� ij- . i'Cj. -.'...(.'i.'!!     '.. _ . * ��� i i. ..   -".j-. . *i    .!..������. I'.vu .'.t.v\.-1'     . -    r .. .���.. Hi'..  i. t. r -.       i - >La  .\*   ... ^��".ii .,"f i ii'si ��� ���. ...>.������!. ....ii'".-. .'i; .'.     " .���   ���   ~ . ��� Jfij.|.-v, " ������' ;. ;S..J. ���.��.."���. iTfi 2  THE  MDTEB:   NELSON,  B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  0CT0BEK  18,  1890.  Goods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect, Claim, or Mine in the  Hot  Springs Mining District.  C3^.ttJEl~Sr   JFTJ-JL.1L.   I_,I3STES   O^1  ERS' SUPPL  STAPLE G  FLOUR AND  EN'S FURNISHINGS,  , BUILDERS' HARD  FEED, DRY GOODS,  Drugs and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth.  AINSWOETH, B. 0., and REVELSTOKE, B. G.  LOOKING   TOWARD   XAK'E ,'I>ISTJKICTS.  FOB   ORE.  iWhilst the smelter at Revelstoke is not a  Kootenay Lake enterprise, its owners are  largely interested in mines in Hot Springs district and are doing much to develop that camp.  , In his annual report to the Kootenay Smelting  and Trading Syndicate, Limited, president  Boyle says: "It is from southern or lower  " Kootenay that we expect in the near future  " to obtain a large ore supply, as the miners in  '' the Revelstoke section are backward in devel-  " oping their claims." Continuing, mr. Boyle  says in his report: ���������  ".In order to keep myself conversant with the  points and prospects of our enterprise, I left  London on the 11th of June, arid arrived in Revelstoke at the latter end of that month. I found  the works, which I described in iny report last  year, finished and fully capable of" smelting 50"  tons of ore per day, or 10 tons per day more  than required by agreement with the Canadian  government.  "The great question, of course, that I wished  to investigate, was the probable date of our obtaining sufficient ore to commence smelting.    I  am happy to say that there can be little doubt-  that in a short time we shall have more ore than  wre  can treat  with our  present plant,  and  be  obliged to double  its capacity.    In  the  Revelstoke   division  of   British   Columbia proper I  regret to. say that the miners are as backward  as they were this time last year, and very little  development has been done on the claims.    This  is the more extraordinary,  as  the country is  essentially a  mining  country,   and  the  whole  community talk, think, and dream of nothing  else.     It ..would be difficult to find a man in this  part of the province who is not the owner or  part owner of a mine which' he is powerless to  work for want of funds, and holds at a figure so  ridiculous  as  to preclude   all  ideas  of   a sale.  There was the usual amount of tall talk about  mines that were to be developed, and possibly  something may be done in the near future, but  it would be advisable to leave this district out  of any calculations for some little time.     However, small shipments of ore come in from time  to  time   from   mines  in   this  district, proving  what might and can be done.  "It is from   the  southern or lower Kootenay  division that we may expect in the near future  to obtain a very large supply, and in order to  assure myself of this fact I left Revelstoke on  the  morning of  the  14th   of July, arriving at  Sproat's Landing about 4 o'clock that afternoon.  From Sproat's Landing to  Nelson, a, railway is  now   in course of construction, and it   entirely  depends on the time of completion of this railway whether we shall begin to smelt this winter  or again have to put it off till the spring.    At  the time, of .my visit, communication" was kept  up between these points by a train of pack mules  over a terribly rough road, freight being carried  at the rate of 4 cents a pound, or say ������16per ton.  On the way in a call was made at the Poorman  mill, working with 2 batteries of Cornish stamps.  Near Nelson is situated a mine, known as the  "Halls," which has the reputation of being one  of the finest on the whole continent. At present,  however,  it  is hung up  by litigation, and  no  stranger is allowed to inspect it.    I do not think  we shall be able to treat its ore with our present  plant, although it might be a question for the  future whether we would ���������'������������������not;'-put up a separate  furnace for copper ores. f  "Communication  between  Nelson  and   Hot  Springs camp is kept  up by a small steamer,  which is hard pushed  to keep pace with the increasing  traffic.      Hot Springs  is  situated  on  Kootenay lake, almost immediately opposite a  mine   kiiown   as 0 the  ''Hendryx,"   which   has  considerably more than a local reputation, having been known to the Hudson's Bay Company's  voyageurs for quite three-quarters of a century.  The mines on the Hot Springs side of the Jake,  however, have only been known within the last  2 or 3 years, but must withlia a very short space  of time take a very prominent place in the silver-producing mines of the wrorld.    The mountain  in which they are situated is formed of a  series of irregular terraces, 5 to 8 in number, in  eacli of which the mineral  vein has been traced  and located for considerable distances.  Between  200 and 300 locations have already been made,  although not more than 15 are at present being  worked, and most of these hut partially.    One  or 2 American syndicates have purchased mines  on this mountain, and it is due to their enterprise  that sufficient   knowledge has  been   obtained  as  to  the  permanent  character of the"  veins.     The difficulty  of  access,  the  want   of  cheap  communication with the outside world,  has made it impossible for any large quantities  of ore to be shipped from this section, and the  miners,   although   the  most energetic   in   the  province, have not the wealth to mine ore to be  kept on the dumps.    Picked  ore  has, however,  been     shipped.     to     the     states,      and      returned    more    than     good    wages,     in     spite  of the ruinous freight of $30 (say ������6) per ton.  When these mines are in full work, enormous  quantities of ore will be obtained ,from this district alone, and however disappointing it may  be to see such fine smelting works standing idle,  it can be but a question of time when they will  be working to their full capacity.  "During my stay at Hot Springs I also paid a  visit to the Hendryx mine on the opposite side  of the lake. This mine is the best developed of  any in British Columbia, but has suffered, like  others, from difficulty of transport. It is owned  by American gentlemen, who have spent an  enormous amount of money and overcome extraordinary difficulties to put; their mine in its  present position. It could now easily turn out  oyer 200 tons of ore per day. ..  ���������  "There is, of course, great discussion about  the erection of smelting works on the lake itself, but dr. Campbell assures me that it is  doubtful if those understanding smelting would  embark in the venture, as all successful smelters should, in order to work cheaply, be in a  central position and able to draw supplies from  mines of different mineral character. j  A point to which the future attention of the j  company must be given is the erection of refining works, necessitated by the difference between American and English prices of lead and  silver. Dr. Campbell will shortly submit estimates of the cost of the requisite plant.  "In conclusion, I may state that I am extremely satisfied with the position and prospects of our enterprise, and I cannot write in  too high terms of the zeal and energy of the  company's superintendent, dr. Campbell, and of  their chemist and assayer, mr. Roeser."  Dr. Campbell passed through Nelson this week  on his way to Hot Springs district.  IiV   THE-' MOUNTAINS.  EXPERT   ������JITCSIKKIIV������  There  is   something  in   the  pure air of the  mountains that helps make stalwart andfebrave  men .c*more stalwart.- and   brave,   and trailsmits  agility to  men  already agile.    Men who took  high rank in pursuits and trades when residing  in the eastern provinces and states always improve after a short residence in the -mountainous  west.    Albert Barrett, who is in charge of Joe  Wilson's meat market in Nelson, was noted for  " expertness  at  his  trade  when   living at ^Mori-  real, Quebec, and now, after  several  years  residence in  British Columbia, is reckoned by his  friends one of the quickest butchers in the inter-mountain country.    His friends even go so  far as being willing to back him against Prank  French, who at a slaughtering contest at Sayille  & Williams's establishment in Butte, Montana,  on  the afternoon   of Sunday, the 5th- instant,  performed the task of dressing a beef in a marketable shape  in  the quick time of-7'minutes,  -and'28 seconds, winning a wager of $50 in doing  so.    In the same contest, for a prize of $50 ana  the championship  of Silver Bow county, J. H.  "Waters defeated Pete Rossa, in dressing a beef  (that had been first killed and 3 legs cut off), his  time  being 15  minutes against Rossa's  20.    A  result of the contest is a. challenge from a inr.  Brown, in the employ of Broderick & Son, who  has deposited $50 to back up his challenge, that  he alone will dress a  beef in  a good workmanlike manner quicker  than  J. H. Waters, Pete  Rossa, and  Charles Fuller jointly.    The Inter-  Mountain   states that the  challenged  trio  are.  willing to undertake the match, and that, it will  doubtless come off  in  the near future.    Despite  the odds, Brown's   friends are willing to  back  him.  A. McKINNON.. Proprietor  Largest  and   Best   Situated Hotel   in Ainswoith,  the Only Town in Hot Springs (B. C.) Mining District.  THE   TAIBfJE   IS   lh\S&IKPAS.SEI������  by that of any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  rooms are large and. well furnished.    rI lie bar is  with the best brands of liquors and cigars.    Kate, ^  The  stocked  a day.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery", Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. G. mtH ^^WivmatKn^wat.  THE   MINEE :   NELSON,   B.   C,   SATUEDAY,   OCTOBER  18,   1890.  isthe best hotel in BALFOUR, the new town'at the outlet of Kootenay lake, 8 miles from Ainsworth and  20 from Nelson.    .,  'G-ood Beds.   Meals at all Hours.  \V[ LI J AM   THOMAS..  .'PROPRIETOR-'  EAST    SSA BUSES.    .STKKI2T  J.  5V3ARKS,  C. VAN   NESS,  PR'OPRl'KTOKS.  LARGEST  HOTEL IN  NELSON  AFFOR  TOAD  MOU  SPLENDID   VIEWS  OF   BOTH ,;  D  KOOTEMAY RIVER  Host brands of liquors and cigurs. always in stock.    The  table furnished with the best in the market.  Vernon Street, near Josephine  SQDERBERG   &  JOHNSON.  PROPRIETORS.  ���������THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS';THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining--splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOM.S  are comfortable in size and  newly- furnished.  THE   TABLE  is   acknowledged   the-  best  in tlie mountains.'  TJ3UH   IB^A.  is stocked   with   the  best  liquors  and   cigars  procurable.  No whiskies sold.-except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  Baker Street, near Josephine,  All Work   Turned   Out Promptly  am! im Fii\s���������������������isiss Style.    Sonv hnl While-  ALICE   POSTEE,   IIS/������A:rSr_A_GKE:R,_  A    ���������MIEF������SK<:.KETAlS-������ : DEEI*Kt' AttGKIEVKI  a  The Pioneer Hotel of Toad  Mountain  District."  The flight of Dillon and O'Brien from Ireland  is the great sensation of the hour. The London  Star- indulges in some severe sarcasm, aimed at  chief-secretary ��������� Balf on r, whom it twits, with n ot  being able even to shadow the prisoners effectively. The $10,000 bail,which the absentees  have forfeited, will-be paid by the league. Conservatives claim this money comes from America, and is being applied to another purpose than  the one its contributors-designed. It is now believed that the illness of -mr. O'Mahney, one of  the accused, was feigned in order to secure an  adjournment of the case and give time for  the ripening of the plot for the escape of Dillon  and O'Brien. Secretary Balfour is deeply aggrieved over the affair, and has ordered an investigation in order to fix tlie blame for; the escape upon some one of hisc"shado\vers." It is  taken for granted that there is a. traitor in the  '.'.camp, for it seems impossible for the fugitives  to have got away without collusion on the part  .of'-'some detective! The system of espionage  was too thorough to admit any other-explanation. So closely were spies instructed to follow  the accused, that the constaliles detailed to keep  an eye upon O^Brien were known to have',  watched the window of the bed-room occupied  by himself and wife, and refused to go away  when requested to do so by mr. O'Brien. To  have escaped such vigilance may indeed be ,re-  , garded as miraculous except on the theory that  from one motive or another escape was connived  at. The flight of the 2 principal objects of the  government's prosecution is regarded by leading Nationalists as a severe blow to mr. Balfour's plans, which undoubtedly aimed at keeping them -away* from America, at all hazards,  until after parliament convened. Mr. Harrington is quoted as saying that -Dillon and O'Brien  will be worth a great deal more in America'to  the Irish-'cause, now as fugitives from British  injustice than thev would have been as simDie  O ** ��������� -    x ���������'  commissioners on behalf of the Irish people.    ;  v'   A   SScsil. Lively  Fire  fifrcyjirluBent.  The Tattersail sale stables are located in the  busiest part of London.    Last  week one of the  barns caught fire and������ was wholly  consumed.  Forty minutes  elapsed before the fire depart-.  ment (they call it a, brigade) arrived, and engines  kept coming until 7 o'clock the  next morning���������  15  hours   after every spark of  lire was extinguished.    There seems to be no system of communication   in   the  fire  department.    When  a  house once gets afire   it is pretty sure to  burn  up; the firemen are so tardy that when they do  arrive their efforts are directed mainly to saving  adjoining property.    But the buildings in London are constructed so carefully and so well that 0  fires are uncommon.    Then, again, the English  are,   for  economic purposes,   opposed   to  such  artificial heat   as that  afforded   by  stoves, furnaces, and grates; they believe it is cheaper to-  put fourpenee worth of gin in -their stomachs  than tupence  worth of coai in the grate.    This  is why 50 per cent of the English a.re drunkards,  and 50 per cent have catarrh.    But it lessens the  rate of lire insurance.  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  , NKLS.Oi\.  IV...V;    '.-  J O H SSS SO H   8l   MA HO NE Y,  PROPRIETORS.  7    Tlie  reputation   made  for  this  house  by  its former  prO-  prietpr, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management. "  i ���������  | Headquarters for Miners 'and Mining Men.  !���������-. - 7 -  - '���������������������������.���������..,.���������        ...    - '.-.-���������  Comer West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IN NELS0K.  I ...The International lias a comfortably furnished parlor for  I       "        ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  s  by any hotel, in the Kootenay Lake country,  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  B5rid������-es   filisjlier  IBian the  <>������e   ut,   Stony   (!i'<',ck.  The  Southern   Pacific   is   changing   its  track  down in   southwestern  Texa,s, a land'where, tlie  only vegetation  is  grea.sewood and cactus, and  whose people, are all   either-rustlers or refugees  from justice. Tlie point of operation is Oomstock, west of Del Rio, and the track to be  changed lies between Com stock and Shuniia.  it is 10 miles long. ���������-The company will-buy the  right of way and cut oil 10 miles. The old route  runs by Painted Cave, one of the curiosities of  the'region, and has always been recognized as  dangerous, owing, to the tremendous cliffs over-  ha,no'ini>7the track. The new route will make a,  straight shoot across the Pecos river. The  bridge'will require 2 spans 380 feet in height,  and when completed will be the highest bridge  on tlie American continent, higher by 81 feet  than the great Stony Creek bridge on'tlie Canadian Pacific, a few miles west of Donald. In  deserting the old route, the Southern Pacific  leaves to the action of wind and weather one of  the finest bits of engineering in Europe or  America.  Cor.-.Baker and 'Ward Sts.  NELSON,  B. C  H.   &.   T.   MADDEN  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with  a 'frontage   towards Kootenay   river, and   is  newly  furnished throughout.  T ZE3I OS      TABLE  is -supplied., with  everything in the market,  the  kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED   WITH   THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  r.MSi THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   OOTOBEE  18,   1890.  5jr...;i..v  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months:$2.50, one year $1.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of .f3 an inch (down the,-., column), per month.   A  :   special rate for advertisements of over ; 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted -for  15 cents a line for tlie lh\sfc- insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. .Twelve lines of it words  each'make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than,3 months considered, transient and  'must be paid for in. advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.       ,  Birth  Notices  free ifweight of qiuld is cuven; if  weight is not   given   $1   will be   charged.    Marriage  announcements will be charged from ������1 to .������10���������accord-'-  ing to the social standing of the bridegroom. ���������.  '.To������ Printing in good style at, fair rates. Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  in stock.        7  Lettkrs to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name.1. Communications with such signatures  as "Old .Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Addkkss all Letters : The Miner, Nelson, B. C,  (with "via Kootenai, Idaho," added if mailed in the  United States.)   '. ; --��������� ���������'.-'  Authorized Agents : Henry Anderson, Ainsworth;  James Delaney and James Gibson, Spokane Falls;  J. TL Matheson, 'Donald; E. S. Topping, Trail Greek;  F. B. Wells, Revelstoke.  This is an age of combinations./- The effort  and intelligence of the individual are as important as ever they were, and indeed are in ore. important, as they gain in. power by "association  with the efforts and intelligences of others.  Never has it been more widely recognized that  ''union is strength." Yet, no effort is being  made by the miners employed in the camps'on  Kootenay lake to perfect an organization that  will aid them in maintaining a uniform rate of  wages. Action should be taken at once, as there  is no better indication of a camp's richness than  the amount of wages paid the men who help develop it. c .-.'  The Winnipeg Free Press, in mentioning the  return to that place of Geo.rgejH^^qung, an inspector of customs who accompanied minister  J3owe.lI on his recent trip through British Columbia,- states   that   "the   Bowell   party   went  " through  the'"Rockies' last month,   emerging  " into  civilization  at Revelstoke."     Even  the  newspapers of the east do not seem to understand the geography of British Columbia.    The  Bowell party were in a highly civilized community as soon as they emerged from the Crow's  Nest pass at  Fort Steele; for does not an ex-  honorable  M. P.P., Galbraith by name, reside  at that well-known frontier commercial center?  Did not the party remain  a day or two at the  ranch of an ex-lientenant-colonel of the British  army and a present M. P. P., the ranch being on  the highway between Fort Steele and a custom-  house presided over by a son of a well-kuo.wn  Ontario M. P.?    Did not the party remain over  night at Nelson, a town that proudly boasts a  .postoffice?    Was not the party entertained at  that famous  tourist  resort,   presided  over  by  Tout    Ward,    midway     between    Nelson    and  Sproat?    At the latter place did  they not embark   on   board   the   palatial   steamer  Lytton,  wliose' main owners are 2 of British Columbia's  most distinguished M. P's?     The .Bowell party  could  not  have  "emerged   into  civilization   at  Revelstoke," a town that has hut a single ex-M.  P. P. amongst all  its  in habitants, wlion it  was  being continually "God speeded" by ex-M. P. P's,  M. P. P's, sous of M. P's, and servants of M. P's  at every stopping place  between Fort  MeLeod  and Revelstoke.    Under date  of  September'28th,   the  Ottawa  correspondent   of   the   Victoria   Times   writes:  "Some   time   ago   the   grand   jury  at   Nelson  " made a presentment to the judge there which   ;  " embodied all the evils to which their district   i  " was subjected to.    The postoffice department:   ,  "��������� was roundly censured, as well as the local gov-  "eminent for  its  general   mismanagement  or  " rather neglect of the people's interests in that  "locality.    In the first case the complaint was  '."made that there was but one postofnee in the  " whole  district���������that of  Nelson.    During the  "summer months they had but one mail per  " week, while last winter they had but one mail  " per m on th, carried in from -Koot'en ay, Idali o;  '' the lattei\ only being establishe'd by the g'o'v-  -."-erninent' after the people had made a contract  "for carrying -mails' at their own expense.    The  " Times correspondent called at the department  "here and learned that so far as these matters  " were concerned they were on the whole a.ocu-  '' rate.    Lieutenant-colonel White, deputy post-  " master-general,   however,   stated     that    the  '' grievance of having no postoffice at Ainsworth'  ."���������'was-partly got over since the department had  " authorized one to be built there.    If the work  " has  not been   commenced   or   arrangements  " gone on with, the public.-works department,  " who have charge of such matters, are to blame.  " The authority may  have  been -pigeon-holed,  " the same as was the authority from the militia  "department to carry out the improvements of  '���������" C. battery barracks,   by some  of sir Hector  " Langevin's departmental clerks.     Two mails  " per week via Revelstoke during season of iiav-  " igation, which was also asked for in the pre-  " sentment, have been   likewise  authorized by  " the department.    The governmental machin-   |  " ery moves slowly, but it is some consolation   j  " to the people there to know that their wants   j  " are   being   looked   after,  if, perhaps,   not so   |  " urgently or   with   that due dispatch   which   j  "their importance demand.    If John ITaggart   j  " has., not exhibited any marked ability as post-   j  ������������������" .master-general, he certainly has a deputy who,   j  ";if his advice be taken, can look after the in-   ���������  " terests of the office in  a manner satisfactory   1  "to the public."   The above is gratifying news,   j  no  doubt,   to the people of Ainsworth.    They   j  have been  waiting  rather impatiently  for  an   j  office  to  be established and  a postmaster ap-   j  pointed, and did not for a moment expect that   j  their town was alone singled out for the erection   j  of a magnificent public building.  Lucky people!   j  lucky town!  Yet, the chances are, they would   j  today be willing to swap the magnificent public   j  building  for the appointment of  a postmaster   j  and the establishment of a mail route from their  town to Nelson and the boundary line.  The people of Nelson have manifested their  faith in the future of the town by investing  thousands of dollars in real estate and improvements, the provincial treasury being the largest  gainer thereby. Now will the government,  merely as a fitting recognition of this liberality  on the part of the people, contribute a few dollars 'toward making tlie government office at  Nelson habitable for the "winter? It badly Meeds  ���������repairing, yet, it is reported, no funds are available for the purpose.    _'  The Brazilians in their new constitution point  out the way church organizations intermeddling  in politics should be treated. There are provinces in the Dominion suffering today from  these church intermeddlers. In Brazil, official  recognition of the Roman church has been withdrawn, and the public schools secularized. Subsidies to the Catholic clergy are cancelled,  and the Jesuits, if not expelled, are about to be  shown the door. The state will rule, and the  priesthood are relegated to their position as  spiritual, rather than secular guides. As indicating the intolerant spirit of religionists in  general, and   of  the  Roman Catholic clergy in  particular, and of their failure to appreciate the  inborn American idea of  the '-relations '-between'-'  church and state, and the inalienable rights of  free speech and a free press, a kite manifesto by  bishop Gilmour of the Cleveland, Ohio, diocese,  equals -'anything that could have  happened  in  Brazil under the reignof the priesthood.    It appears  that the  Catholic,   Knight  has  severely  Criticized certain sayings and doings of bishop  Gilmour.   Therefore", tha t ecclesiastic has issued  a, manifesto, prohibiting- members of the church  within his diocese from  patronizing that paper,,  and includes in  his  ban, "all and everyone, lay  " or cleric, -associated with or aiding and assist- ������  "ing  in   editing  and  publishing  said Catholic���������  Knight."    That would seem  to   be  a sufficient  strain   on   ecclesiastical privilege   in    this   free  country, but not so thought bishop Gilmour,"for  !���������   his blood bein������- up and his eves closed to funda-  I   mental American principles, he rushed madly on  !   and included "all correspondents, lay'or cleric,  |,. "who write for or in" any. way contribute news or  "matter to the columns of said Catholic Knight,  " and   all   canvassers,   agents,   or '"distributor's,  " even those who have paid  their subscriptions,  '/-who continue to -receive and read said paper,  "Vi6r have others read it for them, and all who in  "any   way   support   and   encourage,or   who  "���������directly   or  indirectly   recommend   or   have  " others to recommend, or who in anv wav aid,  " abet, or encourage said paper."    In the province of Quebec, the Roman  Catholic bishop of  Three   Rivers  has   issued  an   order  by  which "  farmers are to pay to their priest $7.50 per 1000  bundles of hay.     They are  to   be  refused,������the:-  sacrament if they neglect this.    The same order  will be issued by all  the bishops.     It means a  large revenue for the church.    Formerly farmers were exempt from tithes On hay, and paid  only on grain.    .Evidently these bishops are unaware that there are courts in the United States  and in Canada to restrain'unlawful or improper  publications  and  to  enforce  the  collection   of  justly levied taxes.    Yet, the once great Liberal  party of Canada is patting the back of the premier of Quebec, a man placed and kept in power  by  the  bishops  who   would tax the life-blood  from the poor farmers of steriJe Quebec.    c  That energetic postoffice official, E. H.  Fletcher, has resumed his official duties at Victoria, after spending a-long.vacation in the east.  He now wants to know if the people of the  Kootenay Lake conn try have any complaints to ���������;  make as regards the'.mail facilities furnished  them by the postoffice department. None, mr.  Fletcher! None, except that-the department ever  allowed you to resume your official duties in  British Columbia.        ____ '  The Vancouver Evening Telegram has been  enlarged from 1 to 8 pages, and, in a 2-column  article describing how the paper is made, it  states that "its editorial matter is prepared the  night before." Judging from its tenor, the "editorial matter" of tlie Telegram was prepared at  the same time and by the same editors who prepared the "plate matter" appearing in 9 of its 25  columns. ������������������  The buildings in Nelson are necessarily of  wood, and every precaution should be taken,  now that artificial heating is a necessity, to  prevent their destruction by fire. No rubbish  should be allowed to accumulate, around -stores,,  hotels, and offices. This question of. rubbish  around buildings is quite as important as regulating the style of chimney that should be used.  At the same time, the fire wardens should see  to it that stove-pipes,, and hues are properly  placed.    An ounce of prevention, etc., etc.  \$0^-  VNmMmw^mmnmmmm*msimsmisaB<a  atnnmnnKS*wr ������jntnHiMi-n������tt-g-������^������-f^l^������.-^g^^  THE  MOTEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,   00T0BEE  18,  1890.  Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned G-oods, Hardware,;.. Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty,  The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the public, will find it to their advantage to call and inspect, G-oods  '- ���������   and compare Prices. ._.:..'��������� '"���������-������������������'"���������  Main Street, REYELSTQEE.  9 and 11 East Yernon Street, NELSON.  MU'CII  ������KTTEK   TIIAN.'EXPE���������TB1������,  Not one outsider was present at the sale of  lots at Nelson on the 15th, owing to the changing of the date of sale and the high building  conditions'-"imposed by the government. Yet,  while outsiders were not in attendance, resident miners, mechanics, and businessmen, men  whose material interests are in Toad Mountain  district, did not let the sale go by default, as  many predicted it would. While there was but  little rivalry in  the bidding, the prices realized  were good, considering that 90 per cent of the  lots offered are /more suitable for residential  than for business purposes.  The first lot offered was 11 in block 10. The  first bid was.$101, and it was knocked down, to.  the first bidder at $130, lot 12 going with it at  the same price. Tlie buyers, John Houston and  Charles H. Ink, will try and rustle, between  now and spring, $1000 to expend on the building required by the government. No bids were  made on lots 13, 15, 17, and 19; but E. R. Ather-  ton got 21 at $102,' and took 22 along with it.  Lot 11 in block 12 was knocked down for William H. Elson at $115, 12 going with it. No one  wanted 13, and 15 went to George H. Woods at  an advance of $1 over the upset jDrice-���������$100.  Buyers did not like 17, and left it alone. Harry  Wiegma.ii took 19 at $101, and asked for and  got-20 at the same price. John Houston and  Charles H. Ink bid $108 for 21, and took 22 at  the same price. These lots are but 136 feet  south of Baker street, and may be valuable for  business purposes should the railroad depot be  - located in the fiat a short distance to the west  of them.  The lots offered in block 13 were sold to R. E."  Lein o n   an d   D. Me Gill i v ray   a t  p r ices   rangi n g  but slightly above the upset price of $100.  The choicest lots offered were in block 14, and  when lot 2 was put up, the bids rapidly ran  from $105 to $200, the latter figure being offered  by E. C. Arthur, he taking 1 at the same price.  On lot 4 mr. Ellis, the assayer, had erected a  dwelling, and was allowed to bid it, in at $105,  taking 3 along with it. Joe Wilson got 6 at  $145 and 5 at the same figure. $130 was the  price paid for 8 by G. O. Buchanan; 10 went to  the same party at $125, and along with it 9. J.  E. Walsh got" 12 for $160, and believing that a  25-foot lot \va.s not large enough for a suitable  ���������mansion, asked for and got 11 at the same figure. Lot 14 was knocked down to John Houston arid Charles H. Ink for $130, they also  taking 13. James R. Buchanan took 16 at $108  No one wanted 18; but II. Dawes wanted 20 and  got it at $110. Lot 22 was considered more valuable and was knocked down to John Houston  and Charles II. Ink at $125, 2! going with it.  The same parties paid $155 for 24 and took 23 at  the same figure. This gives them a plot of 100 x  120, on winch to erect a double residence.  Block 15 does not lay well, and no one bid on j  lots 1 and 3 when offered. G. O. Buchanan took j  5 at $101, and Duncan McDonald 7 at the same !  price, also 8, to give hi in 50 feet frontage. James I  Cameron took 9 at $101. Ed Corning bid as  high as $125 for 11, and willingly paid the same I  figure for 12.    Lot 13 went to John Houston and   '  taking 14 at the  Charles H. Ink at $115,  they  same price.    Isaiah Stevenson   bid  $101 for 19  and got it.  Block 16 is not as  well situated as 15, and but  4 lots were sold in it. John Houston and Charles  H. Ink getting 13 and 14 at $101 each, and paying  $150  each for 23 and 24, fully  $100 a lot'more  ��������� than they are.'worth. ������������������:'������������������"���������;  Block 17 is another badly situated piece of  ground, and no one bid on 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9-.when  offered. John Houston and Charles H. Ink,  merely to show outsiders that they had faith in  the mines of Toad mountain, bid $101 for the  granite-bluff on lot 11, and got it along with the  bluff on 12. They also bid $110 for lot 23 and  were allowed to take 24 at the same high figure.  Block 18 may be .valuable in time; but just  now is considered worthless. Lot 1 went at  $101 to W. C. McRainon and Burton.  The south half of block 5 is central, and John  Houston and Charles H. Ink bid $160 for 11 and  got it along with 12. B. H. Lee got 13 for $101  and wisely took 14 with it. H. Selous went $105  for 15, and also took 16 at the same price. Joe  Wilson's bid of $101 for 17 was accepted, and he  also wanted 50 feet, and was allowed 18 at the  same figure. Thomas Madden got 19 and 20 for  $101 each. No one wanted 21, it being in Ward  creek.  No bids were made on lots 11, 13, 15, and 17 in  block 6, and 19 was knocked down to Charles  Wheatman for $101, and he took 20 at the same  price. John Houston and Charles II. Ink bid  $200 for 21, and got it along with 22. The price  paid was pretty steep, but there is lots of fun in  bidding when once you get started.  The south half of block 7 fronts on a. hillside,  and lots 11 and 13 were sold to bidders at $101,  they also taking 12 and 14 at the same price.  No bids were made for lots in block 8.  In all about 90 lots were sold, at figures ranging from $101 to $200. On these lots buildings  costing fully $40,000 will be erected, several  parties already making preparations to erect  residences.  successor to  ast Baker  nSTELSOlT-  16 Al DAIRY COWS. Reducing stock for winter. Price  $40 per head on board steamer. For further particulars  apply to FILED FRASER, Revelstoke, B. C.  Canadian Pacific Railway  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  I:'        ^  Through Passenger  Service from Ocean to Ocean.  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch a.nd lowest freight rates  Eiooienay Lake Shippers'will be consulting   their   own  interests  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  VArTCOUVEB, g fi^OJsrTi^iJi^iL,^  NEW WESTMmSTEE, o ' to:ro:i^to:>  VICT0EIA,  on  ST_   JE'^.TJ-JL,,  < VCIEHIIO-A-G-O.,  AND ALL POINTS EAST.  Por rates, maps,   time-tables,  etc.,   etc.,  apply to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D.  E.  BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B. 0.  Steam Navigation Go., Ltd.  THE  -STEAMER- LYTTON  .LEAVES    REVELSTOKE  for Sproat on Mondays and Thursdays.  LEAVES   SP'KOAT  for Revelstoke on Tuesdays and Fridays.  Owing to the low stage of water, trips have been discontinued between Sproat. and Little Dalles.  J. A. MARA, Manager.  Revelstoke. September 20th.  H00YER &CEADD0CK,  Nelson,   15.  ���������.  Dealers in all kinds of Farm Produce  Consignments of Fresh   Fruit  will   be  Received Weekly  from Spokane Falls.  All accounts due and all bills against the late linn of  Cook & Hoover will be settled by the above firm. 6  THE  MMEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,  SATUEDAJ,   OOTOBEE  18,   1890.  NELSON and SPEOAT.    '       ;     V  Will contract to deliver fresh, meat at any mine in. the  district.   Orders from lake points promptly tilled.  running between Nelson" and Sproat, and between Nelson  and adjacent mines.    Will contract to deliver  mining machinery on any mine in  tlie district.  All.-Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  promptly forwarded to destination..  at both Nelson and Sproat, where saddle animals can be  .        hired and job wagons engaged.  ,  NELSON OFFICE AND MAEKET:  1 P5^  1  ';  M.������iiahe3* of Society of'^Uemienl fsadtasi.ry?  AbeIIjos' of .*''���������*������������������������������!������tS,ei������l 4H*i������i'riicAiSiiSyslH," of  "The froBs  Ores of the Woi-Jd." EU%."Eir...  Expert   in   ihe   '".fi8lH.eh'ar4'r' .-IfSliifijiaK" ' Sasit.  "-, NELSON,  B.   C.  REVISED   ASSAY   CHARGES.  Silver, Gold or Lead.........7 ..... .V.   Copper'.'-.';............:................'. ....'.'.  Sil ver and Lead. ..     ..........:..;.........  Silver, Gold and Lead .'-..'. ............ ... .-  Silver and Copper.........................  Silver, Gold and Copper......7 .''.'......  Silver and Gold.'. . 7..7 .............................  Three saiuples"for Silver or for Lead.''...."..  .';..."  Mineral properties managed and reported upon.   Interests of non-residents attended to.  ..$1 50  -... 2 50  .. 2 00  .2 00  .. 3 00  .  .    4:   00  ..2 00  .. 3 50  (Late partner of John Mc'Vickcr's, Salt Lake City)  / ASSAYER,."  MiningvEng-ineer, and Provincial and U. S. Surveyor,  AGENT FOR   HAND'S   FIREWORKS.  Masonic Temple Block, Vancouver, B. 0.  KATES  FOR  ASSAYING-.  Silver, Lead, or Gold... ������2 00   Goppcr.Silverand G old. $2 50  Zinc or Arsenic ...... 5 00   Silver or Gold bullion    "3 00  Silver and Lead or Sil ver and Gold...:..... ..    .     2 00  Iron, .Lime, Silica or Manganese. /.. 5 00  Sealed sample for Lead. Silver and Gold.      .      '    J. 00  Sealed sample for Copper. Silver and Gold. ������     5 00  Lead bullion, for.Sil ver and Gold    .    2 00  Assays from - Ivoot en ay district--promptly attended to.  Makes reports on and surveys and maps of mines. Thirty  years experience; speaks 10 languages.   Terms, cash.  ���������orse-Shoeing a Specialty  All IiiiKJ* of .9ol>l>in<>- and  Bi<'(>airii3<> ftx<kcia������<i  Svntly  nii<l  IVomj>i5.v.  Ward Street/ opp. Government Office, Nelson.  WOTICE.  In the matter of the estafe of M. A. Cochrane, deceased,  intestate.  Notice is hereby given that I shall sell at public auction,  on Monday, October 20th, at 1.1 a. m., at the government  oftice. Nelson, one-half of the mineral claim known as the  'Pride of the West," situated about one mile west of  Eagle creek, being the northern extension of the Roval  Canadian. - G. C. TUNSTALL,  Nelson, October 2nd, 1890. Gold commissioner.  ,aflEMWMVKNTIff������..-   'TM'E..   INTREttlJfiS".    OF    .IfciJSSIA;-  While apparently.^ the political relations between Russia and England are inost friendly-,  yet all along/the mountain ranges of the Himalayas, which form the boundary between British  India and Afghanistan, a quasi-independent\  state that separates the Russian conquests in  Asia, from1 India, thousands of native workmen,  directed and assisted by British ..engineers and  machinists; are working day and   night.   --Not  only a re they fortifying the passes that form the  only 'means of ingress oiM^ress between the two  countries, but England is .������������������building' a great tun- ,  nel 2������ miles in length through the heart of the  mountain,   large  enough for  a  double   line  of  rails,   arid   thus  enabling her to  form   an   immense depot in the plains some 2d miles from  -the Afghan side of the tunnel where are stored  materials sufficient to lay and fully equip ...with  engines, carriages,  tracks,  etc., a double track  on to ���������Kandahar,',.75 miles distant.    The '.possess-  ion   of   this  stronghold  would   give  to   either .,  '���������power.su. oh a foothold in Afghanistan as would c  ..enable Its'possessor to conquer the remainder of  the country.    England must ''always be prepared h  to prevent its sudden seizure by the Russians,   j  and consequently she sees  that the, ameer,  as-...!  the ruler of Afghanistan  is styled, keeps suffl-   !  cient troops   within its  walls  as to  effectually   j  prevent such a. surprise.   The present ruler of   j  Afghanistan owes his possession, of the throne   |  to the British government, and is consequently   ;  bound by, ties of self-interest as well as grati-   j  tilde,  to aid the British in circumventing   the   ,  intrigues of Russia.  '��������� (*rcjstt'iv BSasIWiiy  iWMU^ige,   Inst   Fewer ' Sjocomofiivew.  A   Geiman   publication   that   is    frequently  quoted as an authority on railroad matters, has   ;  published its  annual summary of the  world's .-(  railroad mileage, bringing the figures down to j  the end of 1889. The general result, as com- j  pared with those of 1884, are as follows : I  Miles, Miles,      ��������� J  7       ' Dec. 31, 1884.'   Dec.31, 1SS9., I-  America. .-..,"  .149,000 190,000  Europe .........;. .110,(500 133,900 j  Asia.;.:....7. -.-.  7 13,200 17,800 !  Africa     4,000 5,200 ���������<-!'  Australia.....' S,000 10,500- :  IS ' rvioooiMalp: .&��������� co.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor um) .'bed-room'-.sets, ranging in1  price from $0:50 to.-foOO. Hotels furnished throughout. .OfH.ce and barroom chairs., "Springmattresses  'made- to order, and woven' wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and eai^ful attention.  Agents for Jfivauis Bros, pianos and Loherty organs.  MAIN/STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.'   ':  li  (j  *a **r . Q  /ES"AN'D':'flNWAftEV'"'"  GRAfflTEWARE AJSD LAMP  GOODS.  Tin, .Copper, and Sheet-Iron Ware Ifade to Order.  ��������� First-class Work guara.n ted.   Particular attention/paid'  to mail, orders from  mining camps:  ESS3SB ^BS3  S3  h> azjgm isscsp' spas  SSSS.'SS   t'-J>.TT3^  'J  Main Street, Revelstoke, 13. C.  MEDICINES.  PATENT  CIGARo  and everything usually ke))t in first-class  drug stores.  -S    AT    WHOLESALE ���������' AND-'   RETAIL.  Mail .orders receive prompt-attention.  sgaaa'' vmsm  tai   tsesa       Ms^^*  ^JEHLTG-G-TBIJS,-  a  Prescriptions carefully compounded, from pure drugs, by  a graduate in pharmacy.   A full line of patent medi-  ������������������*..    cines and toilet articles carried.  (^I>.!ii.y H^ritg- Store in liiwer ^itoteniiy.f   8W&lOA.T9 ES. C.  Totals.   ..293,000 357,400  The total number of locomotives in JEurope  is estimated at not quite 61,000. and in other  pa>*ts of the world not quite-43,000. England  has 80 loco motives for every 100 miles of road,  and Belgium just about tlie, same number.  Germany 53, 'France 4-7,   Russia 40,  Austria 32,  Italy  India,  and the United  States  19.  The total railroad capital of the world,is estimated at 121.440,000.000 marks (about $30,000,000,-  000); $15,000,000,000 of" this in Europe, whose  railwavs are capitalized at $115,000 per mile;  $15,000,000,000 in the other parts of the world,  where the average capitalization is something  over $60,000 per mile.  ��������� 274.8 C-ei^jU*,  ffit������Ia|i������,s  Ibb.  a  ISsssSjcI. 'of ,:4'Saa.r<i;oj{l.  ���������     A short time ago a, dispute arose between the  secretary   of   the   Kootenay  Bonanza.   Mining  Company and a man who had taken a eon tract  to ' burn charcoal for the coinpauy as to the  number of cubic inches in a bushel. No one in  Nelson seemed to know the standard rule prevailing in mining camps, and the editor of The  Miner knowing that the Eureka Consolidated  Mining Company of -Eureka,, Nevada, was a  large purchaser of charcoal, addressed-a- letter  to its smelter superintendent, asking for the  standard prevailing in that pla.ee, and received  the following in reply :  To tiik LiHTO-a of Tiuo Mlvkk: In reply to yours of  September 20tli, the standard, rule; of this state is 2718 cubic  inches to the bushel of charcoal. We receive our coal in  lOO-bushel boxes or cars based on that measure. However.  charcoal measure,'1 believe, varies in different states.���������  Eureka, Nevada, October 8th. 11. C. McTERNEY.  SiuBiiag to  BSc  KesasssiciS  on the iVnniiy. :  Thcvowners of the Dandy have got tilings iu  ship-shape for working all winter.    A large and  comfortable boarding-house has been built close  to (he shaft, and a shaft-house erected-. Sinking will be resumed on Monday in the shaft,  now down 30 feet, the bottom being in ore carrying grey copper.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  ;SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  .Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Oor. Eater and Josephine Sts.  ootenay  Ci  W-1V  li f%"  300,000 feet Lumber on hand at UELSOU/  .50,000  '"     ���������'" " AINSWORTH.   ���������  100,000    "        " '���������   "   '     MILL.  Parties Purchasing Lots in Nelson  will be liberally dealt with in j-egard to lumber-supply.  &  IK 1  m &  "Will contract for the erection of any size wood building-.  Plans and estimates furnished and bills for material made.  Job carpentering attended to promptly. Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, East Vernon street.  55ffi  m  ���������!-?���������**'."''-si; THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,   00T0BEE  18,  1890.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   TiSVSBER   LEASES  Ki/quiiv  to.in- published   nine  weeks  in a newspaper: other .than the British  .Columbia ( i;Ut;U'i-: :'their publication-in  Tl-IK  MlNKR 'will cost  ll:eapi>iicant  l;] l-TY-KlVJi CENTS a line. ,  ,  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date we in-  cnd.to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  'or'permission to lease the following, described tract of  and, situated in the West Kootenay district, for timber  mrposes:  -,   .   7 ��������� ��������� - ���������"  Commencing at a -post, marked M. S.D., and .T.'L. l\\, sif-  lafed at the foot of tlie cast slope of Iron mountain, near  frail creek, thence south 40 chains., thence west 100 chains,  hence north.10 chains, thence 'cast 100 chains to the initial  >osi; the whole containing 100 at-res'more or less.  ���������;���������",���������,     ������������������' "������������������   ���������      , ������������������      M.S.DAV;YS.  JOHN L. RETALLAOK.  Nelson, B.C., August 1971890.:  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date 1 intend  fo.apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to lease the following described tract of land,  sil uate in West Kootcmay district, for timber purposes:  Commencing at a post three-quarters of a mile east of  Koo.tenay lake,-at tlie soutii west corner of J.. C. Uykcrt's  timber limit, thence east 280 chains, thence north 80 cliains,  fheiK-e west 280 cliains. thence^ soutii 80 cliains to initial  po^t: containing 2010 acres more or less.  Ainsworth, July MOfli, I8:)0.        ,        J. C. ItYKEIlT JU.  'Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date wc; intend to apply to t he chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to lease the follo.wing 'described tracts of  land, situate in West Kootenay , district, for timber  purposes:  v  VI. 'Commencing at a po'st'situated about one-half mi'le ,  north west of tlie northerly end of Crawford's bay, at the  southwest corn or .of G-.'O. Buchanan's timber lini'it oh .Hie  east side of -.Kootenay lake, thence west 80 chains ; thence  north SO chains ; tlience east chains; tlience south80 cliains  to initial post; containing 010 acres more or less.  2; Commencing at a post situated at the southeast corner  of tlie above described tract of: land, thence east 80 cliains;  tlience south 30 '.cliains ; thence west 80 chains ; thence  north .30 chains" to initial post; containing 210 acres more  or less. JOSHLA   DAV1ES, 7  XV.  P. SAYWABB,  Per Geo. T. Kane.  Kootenay Lake, B. C, August 11th, 1890.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   GROWN   GRANTS-  ;or MINERAL; CLAIMS  require to In  per other than the  p-��������� '   ���������-��������� ���������  Miner will cost  -VIMS  require to be published  nine weeks in a newspa-  i British Columbia'Gazette; their publication in Tl-IF.  3St the applicant FIFTV-FI VI-: CENTS a line.  Notice is hereby given that Duncan Gilchrist,"Charles  Itossiter, and Frank Leslie Fitch have Hied the necessary  papers and ma.de..application for a crown grant in favor of.  a mineral claim, known as the "Union," "situated in the  Plot Springs sub-division, Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to forward 'their'.'  objections to me within  sixty davs from  date of publication. G.��������� C. TU-NSTALL, gold commissioner.  Revelstoke, October 8th. 1890.  Notice is hereby given that A. L. Davenport and Charles  Hussey have tiled the necessary papers and made application for a crown grant in favor of a mineral claim known  as the Poorman, situated on Eagle creek,-West-Kootenay  district.  Adverse claimants, if-any, arc notified to file their objections with me within 00 days from date of publication.'  G. C. TUNS TALL, government agent..  Revelstoke, September 21Mi, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that A. I), Wheeler, in behalf of  himself and partners, has filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the Ayesha, situated, at the Hot Springs, -  Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to send- their'  objections to me within-sixty days from date of publication. G. C. TUNSrALL, government, agent.  Revelstoke-September 1st, 1890.  SO"  E7  LAY-OVER  All alluvial claims legally held in West Kootenay, district, will be laid over from the 1st instant to the 1st day of  June ensuing. G. C. TUNSTALL.  Nelson, October 1st, 1S90. Gold commissioner.  :'~   ���������: if-''  ^5>  'f  ���������       .A  '.V">'.-.-'!       "'���������   ';���������'-!    '-  -<-X:,L cr.  i^Sxr^-*.  NOTICE.  A court of revision and appeal, under the assessment act,  will be held at the government office. Nelson, on Monday,  (lie !0th dav of November, at 10 a., m.  G. C. TUNSTALL,'  Chairnia.n court of re\'ision and a.ppeal.  Bcvelstoko. September 18th, 1890.  NOTICE...-  On behalf of the Nelson Water Works (Company, Limited Liability, 1 hereby give notice of an application by  this company to the honorable chief commissioner of  lands and-works for authority to take one hundred and  fifty inches of water from Cottonwood Smith creek, near  Nelson, in West Kootenay district, at a point about 100  feet above the junction of that, stream with Giveout creek,  to be conveyed across the land reserved by the government to such points in and about the town'of Nelson as  may be necessary and conducive to the attainment of the  objects of the said company, as set forth in the memorandum of association of the said company, for a term of  ninef y-ninc years. W.   G ESN E \\   A LLAN,  Nelson, October Gth���������1890.. Secretary.  ^ttfitA.U - ������F. TI1K ..-WOKLlVS"  NEWS'.  I        liube Burrows, a  notorious southern train robber, was  :    captured-, near Myrtle Wood, Alabama, last week and con-  lined in jail .'at Linden  Hall.    He was afterwards killed  |    while trying to escape.  S        Intelligence from The.Bermudas is to the effect that one  !    of the results of transporting the Grenadier guards from  i    England   to a tropical climate in midsummer is the alarm-  I    ing prevalenceof  enteric fever among, the men.    .Tlie'  :    cause of the disease is attributed to the terrible and steady  I   'heat, to .-which the men   have,  not yet become acclimated;  i    also the drinking of rain water and living in the miserable  huts  in   which   they are  housed. .Many deaths havcoc---  curred. '-.-���������The 'hospitals at .headquarters is overcrowded with  victims.    This fatal disease is 'confined,to the Grcndicrs  guards, and when' a man dies the usual military honors are  not paid   tit; the grave,   because  of the ill  effect" on  the  patients in the hospital,    'the reason why the guards were  sent. to. Tlie. Bermudas, instead of: to Halifax, is that Hal if axis too near  the United States, and   the  exiles would have  .'embraced every opportunity to escape by the wholesale.  , Samuel   F. Miller,  an  associate justice of   the   United  States   supreme   court, died   at   Washington  this   week.  Justice  Miller   was  appointed  from   Iowa   by   president  ..  Lincoln..   ������������������.���������'��������� .-  7      , ���������������������������[.��������� - ������������������:     .  11. Walker & Sons, tlie great distillery firm of Ontario,  has been coiiverted into a stock concern with' a capital of  ; $0,000,000.'   :    ' ' .     ."  Samuel  Walker, an old Cariboo pioneer/ is dead.  The Canadian Pacific 'Navigation. Company are planning  a new steamer to take the place Of the Islander, now running bet ween Victoria and Vancouver. The' new steamer  is expected to make the run between these point's in 1  hours, the Islander taking 0.. .  ���������     ���������   .  The Inland exposition, at Kamloops was a great success.  Tlie weather was splendid and a large number of people  from all portions of the province were present. The fair  was pronounced by visitors from the coast as fa,r better  than they'expected. The toyvn was thronged with-visitors,  the hotels 'being unable to accommodate tlie rush. Never  before had tliere been such a crowd in Kamloops. The exhibition on the whole was one of great excellence, and will  bear favorable comparison in many points with the best of  any of tlie provincial district shows.    -  Slavin and McxVuliffe, the prize-fighters, who were remanded for a Week by the, presiding magistrate in tlie  Lambeth, (London) police court, have been formally committed for trial on a charge of having conimitted'a breach  ol the peace by having ongaged in a common prize-fight.  .The Australian dock strikers have telegraphed to the  English unions, stating that they need ������100,000, and if the  amount is forwarded they guarantee its payment, as this  will insure their success. The. London committee is considering the feasibility of raising the money.  President, Hill of the Great Northern rail way states that  the northern terminus of the system will be at New Westminster, but does not know where the- southern terminus  will be. '-,.������������������.'���������". ;.'..'���������-.-.  Articles have been signed in "Chicago for a, match between Jack McAuliife and Billy Meyer for ������2000 a side,  and a purse of ������5000 offered by the Metropolitan club of  New Orleans. Each man is to pay his own expenses, and  tlie fight will be with 5-ouuee gloves, to take place in New  Orleans during the early part of February.  William Spraguc jr., son of ex-governor Spraguc of  Rhode Island and Kate Chase Spraguc, committed suicide  at Seattle, Washington, last week. He had been cm-  ployed on a Seattle paper as a photo-engraver.  An officer of tlie United States treasury department has j  been investigating the smuggling of opium and Chinese j  into the United States. He says during the year 1889 some- j  thing like  ISO.000 pounds of prepared  or smok  g opium  was smuggled into the United States, and the government  thereby deprived of $1,800,000 in revenue. In the space of  20r months, ending December, 1888, there wore' landed in  British Columbia 0818 Chinese, four-fifths of .whom were  smuggled into the United States. These figures are derived from estimates based upon reports and statistics of  importation furnished by Canadian'-customs' officers in  ports of British Columbia.  Official information recently received at Washington  furnishes ground for confidence that the Nicaragua canal  will be completed within the next (5 or 7 years. There are  now more than 1000 men at work on the line, and 0 surveying parties arc in the field, under the direction of chief engineer Menoeal, making details and estimates upon which  to base contracts with private corporations for necessary '  dams, locks, and. excavations.  Advices from Portugal, dated the 12th,"are that a revolution may break out at any time that will as effectually  overthrow the house of Braganza in'.Portugal as did the  one in Brazil. The feeling in the., nation "is ��������� almost as  intense.'against the reigning house a.s it is against, the  English, and tlie young and invalid king, Carlos,"is held up  to obloquy.as fairly the tool of lord Salisbury in robbing  Portugal of her colonial possessions in Africa.  William O'Connor sailed for home from Liverpool on the  lltli on the Umbria. He has-completed the details of a,  match with Kemp for next year in America for the scull--  ing championship of the world. O'Connor has put-up a  first deposit, of $o!J.O for the match, the' match being for  ������25,000. The Cana.dian sculler says he was never belter.in  his life, and means to keep himself steady and fry his  hardest to win. O'Connor says he is backing himself for  the coming race, which probably will be rowed on some  course in California. 'Kemp will not leave Australia for  several weeks yet. He will take Neilson to train him.  OjConnor says that tlie people of Australia think that  Kemp is a better man than Stansbury, who beat O'Connor  twice this year, but he thinks Kemp far below the other  man, and feels confident of winning.  Salvator.'king of the turf, is to be retired to the stud and  will not likely .ever again be seen on the track. J. P. Hag-  gin, his owner, has directed John McKay,'manager.of his  breeding farm at Sacramento, to start with the horse for  that place. Salvator has the credit of being king of the  ���������thoroughbreds both last year and this. In bis 3 years Salvator has won for his owner Sill,(575, divided as follows:  As a 2-year-old $H,8(>5, 3-year-old ������09,(520, 4-year-old .������30,200.  The. Ewen wharf in New Westminster has been transferred to Dan McGillivray and Harry Elliott, who will  make it the finest wharf in that growing city.  No better real estate investment ! Beautifully  and centrally located at  the head of the west, arm  of Kootenay Lake, unsurpassed for fishing, boating, and hunting!   All  to and from  Nelson and Bonner's  Ferry call there'! Lots  50x120; streets "60 feet  wide! Prices, $25 and  $30; terms; to suit riur  chasers!  like  hot   cakes!    .Buy  early! Maps and further  particulars from H. Anderson, Ainsworth;   H.  'elous, Nelson; or C. W.  task, on the ground.  Lots   selling  John Houston.. Charles H. Ink.  W.. GrcsNER Allan (a Notary Public).  Houston. Ink & Allan.  REAL   ESTATE.   ,  >  Will   purchase   and  sell   mining claims and,town lots;  collect rents; write bills' of sale, bonds, agreements, mortgages, deeds, certificates of incorporation^ etc,.-etc.  . Aid. in procuring crown  deeds for lands,  Nelson  town  lots, and mineral claims.  Office in,. The Miner building, Baker Street, Nelson.-  *^t  ^^^'y^>^^:^2:..^r^'^\'^^aux^  RESERVE���������KOOTENAY .DiSTRICT.  Notice is hereby given that, in pursuance of the provisions of section .3, of-the "Columbia and Kootenay Railway  Subsidy Act, 1890,"-the unoccupied, and unrecorded crown  lands situated within the following described blocks of land  have been reserved from lease, sale, or settlement, viz:  Block. 13.���������Commencing at a. point on flic west, bank of  the Columbia river, 2-miles south of the mouth of Trail  creek; thence two miles due west; thence four miles north;  thence four 'miles cast, crossing the Columbia river; thence  four miles south; (hence two 'miles west to the place of  commencement.  Block 11.���������Commencing at a point on the soutii side of  the mouth of Toby creek, on the west side of I he Columbia  river, a.t the north end of the lower Columbia lake; thence  due west four miles; thence north four miles; thence east  four'miles; thence south four miles to the point of commencement.  Block lo.���������Four miles scpia.re, situated at the south end of  lower Columbia lake, on the west side.  Block 10.���������Pour miles square, situated at the mouths of  Sheep and Skookum Chuck creeks.  Blocks 17 and IS.-���������Each four miles square and situated-  south of Port Steele.  Block 19. ��������� Pour miles square, situated on Elk river, and  including "Elk river falls.  Provided that this reservation shall not affect any hinds  which are included in any grant, lease, agreement for-sale,  or other alienation from the crown, or which have been set,  apart for any special purpose prior to the date of this  notice. \\. S. G( )PE, surveyor-general.  Lands and Works Department,  Victoria, B. C, September 18th, 1890.  Bii������^������������R������l������lllM 8  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,  B.  0.,   SATUEDAY,  0CI0BEE  18,   1890.  Main Street,  EEVELSTOEE  Railroad. ^A.Yenue,  SPEOAI.  W^.ETOXjIES.AJL.IE   -A-isrnD 7BETAIL  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Oompany and Hiram Walker & Sons? Whiskies.  ��������� .     ��������� ':������������������     .      ' O ��������� .'...'���������, ".    . ' ���������  Cor. Vernon and Josephine Streets,  SMALJL -'NIJW.GETS'  OF   JfBWS;  There is a coal-oil famine at Nelson. It would be much  better for the town and its inhabitants if there was a  whisky famine. But, somehow, whisky is an article of,  commerce that dealers always carry in stock.  There is no lack of building material at either of the  towns on Kootenay lake. G. O. Buchanan has 250,000 feet  of lumber at Nelson and Ainsworth and at his mill 15 miles  up the outlet from Nelson. The Nelson Sawmill Companj^  has quite a lumber yard at the end of the flume in Nelson.  The parties who burned a kiln of lime at the Blue Bell sent  down a-first shipment by tlie Surprise this week^ The  same parties have 35,000 brick in their kiln at Nelson. The  brick are sold at $25 a thousand and the lime at $5 a barrel.  At Ainsworth, the addition to the Vancouver house has  been completed, and mr. McKinnon will throw it open to  the traveling public on Monday. McNeill & Blomberg  will also have their new hotel ready for business in a week  or 10 days. H. Anderson has moved into his new building,  and now has the most roomy office in the Kootenay Lake  country. G. B. Wright's warehouse, at the wharf, is also  nearing completion, and that rustling businessman expects  within a month to join his family, now visiting relatives in  Tacoma. Joseph .Fletcher and partner have the foundations dug for, a new business house, which they expect to  have completed before snow flies.  Tenders for excavation work at "The Narrows" arc  called for by W. A. Baillie-Grohman, manager of the company that is attempting to reclaim the bottom lands on  Kootenay river, lying between the boundary line and the  head of the lake. "The Narrows" is about 18 miles up the  outlet from Nelson.  E. A. Shirley, Nelson's pioneer barber, has gone and left  the granitey slopes of Toad Mountain for the gravelly  plains of Spokane Falls. He promised to return in the  spring; but the chances are spring-time will catch him  wearing the blue at Fort Sherman, Idaho.  Insurance can now be obtained by Nelson's business  men. The rate is 2i and 2% per cent. Low enough, considering the risks.  The rate for packing freight from Ward's ferry to Nelson  is but li cents a pound, freight being easily landed on the  east bank of the river at that place.  Friday morning the Galena took over ������2000 worth of merchandise shipped by Nelson merchants to Ainsworth and  landings on the river and lake. The same boat takes  almost as much every trip she makes. A pretty good indication that the Kootenay Lake mining country is*founded  on something more solid than wind.'  At Nelson, thousands of feet of ceiling is stacked up in  the streets, awaiting nice drying weather that is not likely  to come before April next. Joe Wilson is putting up an  addition to his market, and lumber is being hauled for residences on recently purchased building-condition lots.  The Miner is not given to tooting its own horn, but it  must be valuable as an advertising medium, or "the greatest railway on earth" would not occupy 1 inches of its  space at the same rates charged local advertisers. The  Miner is a great institution; so is the C.'JP. R.  The second dance of the season came off at the International hotel on Wednesday night. It was quite largely  attended by Nelson's society people. Among those present  were mrs. William Ellis, mrs. George Ellis, mrs. Helm,  mrs. Horrigan, mrs. Corning, mrs. Hiltz, mrs. Scraftbrd,  mrs. Turner, mrs. McLeod, and miss McDermott, and  messrs. McDoiigal, Ward, Lemon, Hebert, Crane, Gilker,  Collins, Van Ness, Atherton, Woods, Corning, and Shirley.  The wharf at Nelson has been enlarged to double its  original size. Next week, or as soon as a supply of coal-  oil can be obtained, a sort of light-house will be established  on its east end, to guide belated mariners on entering the  The red light lantern  was  "rustled" from  the  harbor.  C. P. R.  and  the white light  one from   the   N. P. R. R.  Therefore, both these great corporations will have the  right to use the wharf next spring, provided an ice-pack  does not carry it down the raging Kootenay.  The smelter company at Revelstoke has received 5 carloads of ore from the Monarch mine at Field, and are now  trying to make a deal for 1800 tons of the same ore lying at Vancouver, which was shipped there during the  winter of 1888-89.  Personals: W. R. Will, one of the Lake country's best  mechanics, left for Corinth, Ontario, this week, the serious  illness of his father being the cause of the trip. William  White, the actual discoverer of the great Hall mines on  Toad mountain, leaves tomorrow for his home at Colville,  Washington,   where   he   will   spend   the   winter.     G. B.  Wright, A. McKinnon, A. D. Wheeler, Roderick McLeod,  and A. S. Farwell, all proniinentan mining and business  circles at Ainsworth, put in a night at Nelson this week,  and were astonished at the volume of business transacted  here by lamp-light.  The Owners of the Venita Boy, a mineral claim in Toad  Mountain district; can by applying at this office learn  something that may result to their advantage.  The Indian who brought the news of the recovery of the  bodies of Thomas Burns and John Sandon, drowned on  Wednesday last in Kootenay lake, was mistaken. .The  bodies have not been recovered, and dynamite will be exploded In the lake at the point where Burns is supposed to  have lost his life.  Isaac Loughead and Charles Malla returned from an extended prospecting trip through the stretch of country lying between the headwaters of Salmon river and the  lower end of Kootenay lake. They report the ground  passed over as -non-mineral in character and worthless.  They did not even find a piece of float, other than barren  quaftz.        .        . ���������''.  Sizing uw the Country in''tUc. Interest of a JK-ailroad.  Professor ]?arks of Helena, Montana, returned  to Nelson tonight, after putting in 2 weeks looking over the prospects and mines in Hot Springs  district, with a view of making an estimate on  the probable ore output of the country.    He is  doing this in the interest of the Northern Pacific, a company that proposes building a branch  road from its main line at Kootenay, Idaho, to  a point on Kootenay river near the boundary  line. Every facility should be given professor  Parks in this district to make an examination  of its mineral claims, as it is dirctly in" the interest of mine-owners that the country be given  competing lines of transportation. The more  railways tapping the Kootenay Lake country,  the more capital likely to come in for investment in developed and undeveloped prospects.  A. Smelter's Bottom. Drops  Oat.  From R. E. Lemon, who returned from Ainsworth this evening, The Miner learns that the  Best smelter split in two in making its first trial  run. Those present state that it was because of  the faulty construction of the plant, its foundation being laid on ground intermixed with decayed tree roots. Several believed that the design of the smelter was all right, and that it  would yet be a success. The parties interested  left for Spokane on Friday, and, it is said, if  given the right kind of encouragement, will return and erect another smelter at either Nelson  or near the United mine in Hot Springs district.  a span of MATCHED CHESNUT HORSES; S years  old; weight, about 1200 pounds each. Warranted sound  and good to  work.   Will also sell harness and wagon.  WHITEHEAD & McLEAN.  Slocan, B. C, October 13th.  for the removal of loose rock and gravel at the first  " Narrows " will be received by W. A. Baillie-Grohman, Nelson, B. C, up to October 30th, 1890. Plans and  quantities with specifications can be seen at Balfour,  care of C. W. Busk, C. E. Lowest or any tender not  necessarily accepted.  AMBER & THYNNE,  EEAL ESTATE AND MINIM BEOXEES  AND  INSUEANCE AGENTS.  We now represent a company prepared  to take risks in."the. Kootenay t Lake  country on buildings, stocks, saw-mills,  mining machinery, etc., at low rates.  FIRST-CLASS  Offices���������105 West Baker Street, 3TeIson, 15. ���������., and  McConnell Block, Water Street,'Vancouver.,  ilke:  DEALERS IN  GENTS'  FURSSS8SHSSSSGS,  BOOTS AND SHOES,  Fancy and toilet goods, patent medicines, fruits, tobaccos,  cigars, stationery, etc.  Postoffice Store, Nelson, B. 0.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  REAL ESTATE AND IVSINES  CONVEYANCING.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled  mission. Conveyancing documents drawn up.  tions made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  on com-  Collec-  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  Notice to Debtors and  Creditors,  The undersigned having disposed of the stock of merchandise at No. 15 East Baker street to Mr. T. V. THUR-  BURN, all merchandise accounts due me are payable to  him, and all claims against me for merchandise will be  settled by him. J. E. WALSH.  Nelson, B. C, September 22nd, 18%.  M  "r*.(

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