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The Miner Nov 22, 1890

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Array s/3"*  ...   f A*   .  /'/������}������������������������������������'  <���������-��������������������������� (   :-:S /  ^:^H  ,.���������,,-������������������ ��������� vr-r  "it ��������� ,. S  3.^3 3 .,  , Only -'''Paper  Prii-le<S  in tlae  Ivooien aytake Mining "Districts..  ������������������'.. ���������������������������For "Kates, ���������  'of Sji Inscription ami  A-ilvertisi'n'jf-.  See Fourtli   Pa&e.  HUMBEE 23.  NELSON,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  NOVEMBEE   22,   1890.  U A YEAR  iHIiVI-MJ'.: 'tfOTKS    FKI^M   ; _S������>T :,SP__IIV������S   -_>ISTI_5���������T.  In Hot Springs district, the upraise from the  tunnel on the No. I is rapidly nearing the bottom of the incline shaft. The latter being fulkof  waiter,,the shift tha/t drills the" last hole expect  to get a bath that will not be after the Thrkish  style.    On  the Skyline, dumps are thqusands.of  tons of second-class ore that will  not stand the  present transportation rates to Montana oreast-  ���������   ei'ii smelters."    All the first-class ore sacked was  packed down this week, and will, be hurried out  to Bonner's Ferry, so that it'can be got over the  wagon  road  this fall.   'According  to  a, recent  survey,   it was found  that  the   tunnel  on   the  Fourth was not being run in the right direction ;  accordingly, work was.suspended until spring,  ���������m������\ Trewarthen, the foreman, going out to Dul-  i.ith, Minnesota, for the winter.   The tunnel will  have to be run ''about 20 feet, farther before the  ledge  is   reached.    The Old Timer, a claim adjoining  the   United   and  owned ;by   Ernest  &  Schroedeiy is reported as looking satisfactory to  its  owners, -.high-grade ore  being struck iu an  open cut on the ledge.    Side by side with the Old  Timer is W...W. Sprague's Tenderfoot.    This is  the claim which mr. Sprague bought for $1000,  and by the way he is working it he may have  $1,000',000 on fhe dump by spring.    Sam Lovette  is pushing the tunnel on  the "Dictator, a.iul expects to strike  its  ledge   sometime   within the  next .4 months.    It is expected that, the shrill  whistle of the Krao, United, and Skyline hoisting engines will be heard within the month���������a  sound that will gladden the hearts and raise the  spirits of every miner in the camp.  A- Maif '._iiterest -Sold": for $'_<>,<M>*>.  One of the best known claims in Hot Springs  district is the Little Donald, on the wagon road  about'a mile and a half from Ainsworth.    It is   j  well known because it is said to ..have; paid ex-   j  penses from the grass-roots'.     Last wear its ore   j  shipments were exceeded by but one  mine in  the camp, and although low-grade galena netted ���������!  a handsome  profit.    An   incline shaft  is  down   I  132feet, and an.attempt was made this fall to sink   j  it 50 feet farther.    The attempt was abandoned,   ;  however, the owners considering the timbering   ;  of the old portion of the shaft unsafe.    It  was   j  then decided to sink  a  new working shaft, the   |  work to begin as soon as  machinery could be   ;  brought in in the spring.    At least this was tlie   ;  report when one of its owners,'John (J. Dav.en-  .;  port, was  last   in the camp.    Since tha t  t i me,  however, a deal  has  been  made by which mr.  .Davenport disposed.of  his half interest, to mr.  Stevens, his partner in the claim.   Mr. Stevens's   :  representative,    T.    M.    Muu'n,    arrived    from  Spoka.he Falls by the Galena, on Tuesday.    Mv. ���������������������������'������������������  Munn states that machinery will   be brought in  this  tall if  possible;   if  if cannot  be got in, a   ,  working   shaft   wilt be  started   anyway.     Mr.    '  Stevens also purchased mr. Davenport's'interest  in  the Black'Diamond, the north  extension  of  the  Little Donald, tlie total  consideralion   for  both interests  being $10,000.    Mr. Stevens is at   :  present chief   locating  engineer  on   the   Great  Northern railway, with headquarters at Spokane -.  Falls,   and   is  financially   able   to   develop   tlie  property purchased. . ;  ���������   .'belting  8-vew  wit!.. the  <Uina<Bian   Paeilie.  Last spring the feri-y privileges a,t fhe crossings of the. Slocan and Kootenay rivers were disposed  of by the provincial government to the  highest and best bidder, the Canadian Pacific  getting both ferries.''. Tom Ward, who had operated the ferry at the Kootenay crossing during  the summers of 1888 and 1889, thought it a hardship that he should be compelled to sell out to a  soulless corporation at a time when the business  was likely to return good dividends on the capital invested. After being awarded the .-privileges,, the railroad people dickered with Tom  for his ferryboat; but they could not agree on a  price, and 'negotiations  were*  broken   off.    The  railroad people concluded that the crossing at  -Ward's was not a suitable point;for their"fiusi-  ness, and they moved it 10 miles up the river, to  a point .'to ear- where the  Columbia & Kootenay  raiiway now, crosses   the  Kootenay.    A  ferryboat was put in  at the   new crossing, and the  rate of tolls reduced 500 per cent.    Tom  .Ward'  vowed he would get even with; the ���������'railway people-, before the  year  rolled   by.   and  if reports  reaching Nelson are true he is making his vows  good.      Tom has been   on the   Columbia long  enough to know that a. boat "drawing over 2 feet  of water ca,nnot be run on it after NovemberTst,.;  The   boats   belonging   to  the  Mara line, With  which the railroad company has a contract for  forwarding material and -.supplies, draw over 2  feet and are now laid up for the winter.    In the  summer of 1880 captain  Armstrong of Golden  took the little steamer Marion under his arm:  and packed Iter.-from  the waters of the -.upper  Columbia, at Golden to the waters of the lower  Col umbia at Revelstoke.     She made a few trips  that year, and 1 or 2 in the early spring- time of  this, but 'was.laid up when Mara's Kootenay began running.   In her Tom. Ward saw the means  of getting even   with   the railroad people,  and  he and a friend -'(Arthur Dick) chartered her for  the fall trade.:; They made their first trip down  from -E.evels.tpke, this week, having R. Marpole,  siipei'in teticLe.nt 'of. the Pacific division of the Canadian Pacific, as a passenger, Mr. Marpole did not  travel oir a pass, but paid the regular fare, $10;  Tom, who acted as purser, saying* as he collected  it:   "1 think I will get even with you now on  that  ferry  business.     You  lowered  the  ferry  ..rate from 50 cents to 10 cents a head,unci l/have  concluded to raise the steamboat rate-from $5  to $10 a head, and no 'dead-head's at that.   Every  blanked in an; the radroad company sends out of  the country will pay tribute tome, and at that-  rate, too!"     It  is   understood the  freight .rate '  has also been raised from  $10 a, ton to"$20, and  that no railroad freight will be carried if private  freight  is  offered.     Tom says the mills of the  gods grind- slow, but tha-f his turn has come and  they are grinding his grist just now.  tons of galena, ore  to   Golden,  sum of money against theship-  <5me  __esn'3t  oil" Smelter ���������oiiii'������etilio*t-.'  If smelters were erected at points on Kootenay lake, and smelting charges placed at reasonable figures, but little ore would be sent out of  the lake country for reduction. The reduction  charges paid the smelters .'would alone support  a large permanent popula/tion. The outside  smelters are of use, of course,'.in that they help  protect the mine-owner from the extortionate  charges, often levied bv local smelters when  they believe they have' the. cinch. A case in  point:. This summer-a smelter was erected at  Golden. Its ��������� promoters made fair promises to  tlie '������������������mine-owners of the .camps along the upper Columbia., -promising .to pay ruling '.prices',  for all ores delivered at the smelter'.  Wells, Pollock & Ay liner accepted their offer,  and .-shipped 10  drawing a small  ment. -The--ore was sampled, lint the returns'  were not satisfactory to the-shippers. The  smelter people sa.id tlie. returns were the highest  1 hey could pay for'the ore. The shippers said if  more was not paid they woid'd refund the money  advanced and ship, tlie ore elsewhere. They  were told to go ahead, and they did so, resliip-  ping the ore lo Revelstoke. After paying transportation and other expenses, the 10 tons netted  $928 more to the shippers at Revelstoke than  the price offered them at. Golden. The ore was  worth a little over $100 a. ton.  4&re  tliat Sanaples  $115) .a Tom.  i ��������� . . ��������� ��������� -  M. S.   Davys  has received returns from  the  Rover creek'ore sent.to the Revelstoke smelter.  The ore sampled $110 in gold and $9 in silver to  the ton. The ore was from the Whit.ewa.ter  claim. Mr. Davys states he has had assays of  over $100 from tin- Snowwater, the eastern extension of the Whitewater. Ore that will sample $110 a ton in gold will surely pay to work in  the Kootenay Lake country.  .���������,.ts'i _____<:.. wijm, _&_<; ...a ���������stampkoe in ' the \si������Ka.\<;.  The reputed good placer ground over on  the  headwaters of Salmon river exists for a. fact. Tom  Collins and  Isaac Loughecd  have returned   to  Nelson,   after - prospecting   the  ground   3 days.  They declare- that the gold is there and, iit paying quantities.    The ground is shallow and the  boulders easv to handle arid not too many.    It  is ground that can   readily be worked  without  other preparatory work than "making the necessary sluice-boxes.    There is ample Water in the  creek.    The distance from  Nelson is not more  than  16  miles  by   way of  Cotton wood  Smith  creek, and about 12 miles  by way of the Hal!  'mines.-' While -the'.former route is the longer,  by taivingVit the climb over Toad  mountain is  done away with, as the diggings are on ground  not more than 600 feet above the river at Nelson.     Already  ground  has   been   located  for 5  companies, namely, 600 feet for the Discovery  company, 600 for the   All   Serene, 600   for   the  Ivanhoe', 2000 for the Mal_e or Break, and 500 for  the    Delta..      The    latter    company    was    located this  Week by Harry McMillan and James  E. Dawson.   A ledge carrying free gold has also  been  discovered on  the creek, and 2 claims located.    From samples broken  oft'.-'tlie croppings *  Ellis of Nelson got an assav of $4.20 a ton.    Tlie  ledge-matter is quartz, the vein   being , fully 4  feet in width.     Its  locators consider-'it.-worth  working in the spring, aiid  being men of nerve  will not stop when the assessment work is clone.  There will be a. stampede to Hall creek in the  spring, as, the good ground is miles in extent.  c' .To -Be' -Ka-artcrt to ._Vclso.it 'this.. Winler.   ;. .  The  railroad   people  and   contractor   Keefer  have concluded to complete  the grade into Nelson this winter.   Mr. Keefer came in from Vancouver, by the steamer-'Marion on'Wednesday',  and left shortly afterwards for Spokane Falls,  by way of Little Dalles, to purchase the necessary supplies to carry his men through the winter.    All men wanting to go out will be pa-idoff  in  time to take  the next boat  to -Revelstoke.,  About 80 men will be kept on the; work, and C.  L. McCammon, who remains in charge, expects  to have the grade completed to Nelson by April  1st.    At the'Kootenay V) ridge, a. trestle pier "and  a crib pier on  the north side of  the river are.-  ready  for the Howe truss, which is framed at  Sproat and awaiting the laying of the track to  the bridge site. '.Work on  the crib piers is progressing as fast as.the arrival of timber will allow.    The end of the track is 8^ mile's from Nelson, and will be at the crossing within 2 weeks.  Tlie .Wild- ���������at  BSomI   Taken .Up.  The tunnel on the Wild.Oat is in 115 feet, and  will be continued until frost'makes the-sinking  of a shaft feasible.    A shaft will then be sunk in  the tunnel, and as the hitter is on the hanging-.,  wall, the width of the ledge will  be ascertained  in sinking���������its width not being definitely known  as yet.    Winter qua.-rte.rs have been built, arid a  direct   trail   is   being cut   from -L_agle Creek,  to  avoid  the steep climb at the   Poorman.     II. F.  Keefer has taken up the bond, and  row Owns a.  half interest in what may prove .one of the big  gold properties of the Toad Mountain district.  Wall '(nSacSJiY  W������'JeoB������������e   l.oitiiihi'nic.afions.  To the Editor of The Miner: I have been  rec[uested by the government to sit on a'commission to revise the mineral laws of the province. The meetings are fo be held in Victoria. I  shall welcome verv gla.dly anv communications  from miners or parties who are interested in  mines, containing suggestions regard ing'necessary a.mendments or changes in the present  code. For the next 2 weeks my address will he  Ainsworth, after that time Victoria..  November 18th. G. B. Wrkhlt. snanrwabw-j. t'i ���������!��������� i. j i m  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  NOVEMBEE 22,   1890.  Goods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect, Claim, or Mine in the  Hot  Springs Mining District  0_A__E?,_^"5r   -ETTJILIl-   I_,IjNT_3S   Oie"*  La  aran I  FL  Drugs and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth.  AINSWOETH, B. .0., and REVELSTOKE, B. 0,  .BIRCHALL:   KEPT   MIS   "NKKVE   to   the   last.  At 8:30 .o'clock ohthe niorning of the 14th, at  Woodstock, Ontario, Reginald, Birchall was  launched into eternity for the murder of his fellow-countryman, E. C. -Benwell. He partook  sparingly of -breakfast "at 6, and then began to  prepare for the final ordeal.    He put on a white'  flannel shirt, with coat and vest, but asked the  turnkey to see this replaced after the execution  by an ordinary white shirt with a starched collar and tie.     He would not wear a starched collar at the execution, he said, because it might  interfere with the placing of the rope around his  neck.    At 7:30 the doors of the jail were opened  and about 150 of the crowd admitted and passed  through to the yard in which the scaffold- was  erected.-.. The executioner-appeared on the scene  at 25 minutes before 8 o'clock, with rope in hand,  and began to put things in order.    The scaffold-  was.made of 3 pieces of timber 6-inches' square,  2 uprights sunk in the .ground and the third timber crossed  over the  top.    The rope  ran   over  pulleys in this cross-beam, and a canister of iron,  weight 350 pounds, was attached to the opposite  end of the noose  and held up by a cord to  a  staple.    Cutting this cord releases the weight,  which falls and jerks the condemned upward i  feet.    Having completed,  preparations  outside,  the haimman at 8:23 was beckoned to go up to  :������'  Birchall's  cell.    He  had   been walking  the"rotunda.    In   his  hands  around  were  straps  with  which to tie Birchall's arms. Waiting for the  signal he put behind his back and partially  under the skirt of his coat the russet colored  straps and went up stairs.  In, a minute or 2 he undertook to strap the  prisoner's  arms, behind his  back and then the  awful march to death began at 8:25.    First came  rural  clean  Wade in surplice  and   reading  the  Church of England service for the dead.   Behind  him dr. Chamberlain, followed by a servant and  deputy sheriff Perry.    The; prisoner came next,  deathly pale but resolute, his jaws locked with  the fixity of death.    His step was steady, his jet  black hair and moustache made the pallor of his  face like marble.    He'was dressed in dark colored tweecl clothes and white flannel shirt with  a   black   bow   at   the  collar ancj. light patent  leather shoes.    He looked  so young and  there  was such an expression of un moveable resolution-  and undaunted courage that men who knew him  worthy, of death' in the eyes of the law.-, forgot  that  he   had shot  his friend  in the   back in  a  lonely swamp.    The faces of half the men there  were as white almost as that of the doomed man.  At the foot of the spiral staircase the procession  formed and his friend Weetham walked' on one  side of him with clay-guard George Perry on the  other.   Jailor Cameron followed them, and after  the  hangman  came  the aged sheriff, who was  supported to the door of the corridor overlooking the west varcl.  The march was slow along the corridor and  out into the yard. -Weetham. walked close and  held one hand of Birchall's in both of his with  all the assurance of a friend's heart clasp. The  principal actors in the tragedy stopped with  their charge 1.5.feet from the gallows, and the  solemn tones of the Anglican service thrilled  everyone there with terror that hardly let them  realize the tremendous importance of that in  which they were taking part. They felt overpowering pity for the black-haired, white-faced  young man standing ��������� on  the threshold of eter  nity.     His eyes had not a trace of the frivolity  that lightened his imprisonment.    As he stood  listening to the low-toned dean they were fixed  on the blue sky over to the north.    There was  not a haunted look nor was there any fear in his  eyes, but a fixed purpose, that seemed������to consume his reason.    It is not possible to imagine  the expression of his face.    He was living a lifetime in that hour, and no one there but would  have shown the strain of this terrible ordeal".   It  was not clispair, -but, he had strung his whole being up to die..game.'   At the utterance of  the  words  "dust  to  dust" in   the  service, Birchall  stepped firmly forward and took his place under  the -"scaffold...with, his face to  the  sodth and  turned up slightly.    He took Weetham's hand  in his and the friends kissed under the gallows.  The executioner put the strap around the prisoner's legs; just above  the  knees.     When   the  clergy.man .took' Birchall's hand and kissed him,  'the witnesses' were sure that the end was near,  and the suspense was terrible.     Terrible.'on the  witnesses.    No human knowledge can say how  terrible to the man standing there alone on the  green  sward.    As the  clean  entered  upon   the  Lord's prayer the executioner put, the black cap  over the head of the doomed man and adjusted  the noose about his neck.    Birchall had declared  he would say nothing  at the scaffold and   the  'witnesses did not expect he would.    His silence  seemed, by the intensity; of his purpose, to be  silence concentrated a hu'ndred- times.     He did  not say a word after leaving his cell, except it  might have been to mutter a word to Weetham or  dean Wade when he bid them good-bye with a  kiss.    At 8:27;   6  minutes  after  the procession  started from the corridor, the words "deliver us  from evil" gave the signal, and a quick pull on  the small rope by the executioner, who stood behind   the  law's  victim,  released  the  immense  weight.   It dropped with the rapidity of thought  and sank. 6 or 8 inches into the ground by the  force of its weight.     Birchall had been placed  close to one of the uprights and the jerk of the (  noose drew the body first obliquely and then up.  The body was jerked into the air about 5 feet  and fell until the feet were within 2 feet of the   ;  ground. Convulsions commenced half a moment   ;  later, but were not at all violent, more resemb-   \  ling heavy breathing, with a slight twitching of   j  the hands and legs.    At 8:30^ dr. Chamberlain-  j  declared life extinct.    He said the neck had been   I  broken.    The post mortem showed that death   f  was caused by strangulation.  Mrs. Birchall remained in the cell with her  husband till 1 o'clock of the morning of the  execution when she was led away weeping. Birchall slept  little, but his demeanor during: the  night  ���������&  remained unchanged. He had the impression'that-some-one would publish a bogus  confession with him, so he prepared the following as his final statement:  "Woodstock Jail, November 10th, ISDO.���������If after my  death', there .shall appear in any press or in any other mariner whatever, any confession that I had any hand in the  murder of F. 13. Ben well or any personal knowledge of said  murder, with intent or malice aforethought, or any personal connection with the murder on the 17th of February,  or any other day, or any knowledge that any such'murder  was likely to be committed, or any statement further than  any that I may have made public previous to this date. I  band this statement to captain George Perry of Woodstock, Ontario, that he may know that any confessions, or  partial confessions, arc entirely fictitious and in no way  ever written by me, neither did they emanate from me in  any way whatsoever to any person, and are wholly fictitious and without a. word of truth. This likewise applies  to my story in the Mail, in which I have made no such confession or partial confession.    This holds good throughout.  "KEG. BIRCHALL."  No better real estate investment! Beautifully  and centrally located at  the head of the west arm  of Kootenay Lake, unsurpassed for fishing, boating, and hunting! All  steamboats to and from  Nelson and Bonners  Ferry call there! Lots  50x12.0; streets 60 feet  wide! Prices, $25 and  $30; terms, to suit purchasers '���������! Lots selling  like hot cakes !'��������� Buy  early!. Maps and further  particulars from H. Anderson, Ainsworth; H.  Selous, Nelson; or 0. W,  Busk, on the around.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  For MINERAL   CLAIMS require to he published nine weeks in a. newspaper other than the British Columbia ("azette: their publication in THE  MlMiR will cost the applicant 1-11TY-FIVE CliNTS a line.  Notice is hereby given that S. II. Cross, G. W. Cbplen,  and E. E. Alexander have tiled the necessary papers and.  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the Evening, situated at Toad Mountain.  West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, arc required to forward their  objections to me within sixty days from date of publication. G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Nelson, November 10th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that A. L. Davenport and Charles  Hussey have filed the necessary papers and made application for a crown grant in favor of a mineral claim known  as the Poorman, situated on Eagle creek, West Kootenay  district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to file their objections with me within GO days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, September 2_th, 1S90.  \  'STT-  1 THE  MINEE:    NELSON; B.  0.,   SATUEDAY,  NOYEMBEE 22,  1890,  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at any mine in the  district;   Orders from lake points promptly filled.  PACK    T  running between Nelson and Sproat, and between Nelson  and adjacent mines.   Will contract to deliver  mining machinery on any mine in  ���������' .'     33-    the district. '  All Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  promptly forwarded to destination. '    V  CORRAL AND STABLING  at both Nelson and Sproat,Where saddle animals can be  hired and job wagons engaged.  NELSON OFFICE AND MARKET:  NO. II EAST BAKER STREET  Canadian Pacific Railway  QUE NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  r:'&;,w_iinni'fct_i_ii  Through Passenger Service. from Ocean to Ocean.  3STO   0_E_C_A.3NTG-JE3S.  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure qutck despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay .li'aJkc. Skippers with be consulting   their   own   interests  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  VANCOUVER, ������ r3yco__<rT_R__c_A.x__  NEW WESTMINSTER, oj s?:Ep2tjl3  VICTORIA,  3 lOHICAGO.  AND ALL POINTS  EAST.  Por rates, maps,   time-tables, etc.,  etc.,  apply  to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D. E. BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Frt& Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba.       t      Vancouver, B.--C.  Horse-Shoeing a Specialty  All kinds of .BoMung an.<I I_opairinj? Execute*!  Neatly and  Fromptly.  Ward Street, opp. Government Office, Nelson.  Application for Water Right,  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take one thousand inches of water from Cottonwood  Smith creek, near Nelson, in West Kootenay district;  commencing at a point where the said Cottonwood Smith  creek first enters mjr preemption, or at any point "where it  flows through or at its exit from my preemption or thereabouts, to be conveyed through the lands reserved by the  government and my preemption, to any portion of the said  town of Nelson where water will be required for milling,  manufacturing, and household purposes for a term of  ninety-nine years. J. D. TOWNLEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890.  TII1-E.E   IIUNOI-El*    SAILORS   DKOWNEIJ.  The British twin-screw torpedo boat Serpent,  1770 tons, has been lost 20 miles north of cape  Finisteere, on the coast of Spain.   Advices from  I_6ndo.ii, dated the 13th, state that at 11 o'clock'  of the night of the 10th, in the midst of an 'impenetrable darkness,  the  war-ship  struck   the  reefs, bows on.    She was hurled upon the rocks  with such  tremendous force that their jagged  edges tore her keel as l-eaclily as a match might  be split by the sharpest knife.    A moment later  the cruiser was lifted high above the reef, only  to be dashed back upon its. stony face the next  instant, with a great hole stove in her bottom.  With the next sea the unfortunate vessel slipped  from the rocks into deep water.    Through the  awful gap in her hull, the water rushed in by  hundreds of tons, and then in the midst of the  awful blackness of the night, the howling of  wind and roar of the waters beating against the  fatal reefs the cruiser Serpent, with nearly 300  men, plunged  to the   bottom   of the Atlantic,  ocean.    At  the  moment of   the  fearful catastrophe the great majority of the ship's com pan y  were below the decks unconscious that death  was all around them.    They never reached the  deck.    On  deck those whose duties kept them  there found themselves so��������� suddenly confronted  with   deadly peril  that it  was  impossible  for  them  to launch a boat.    So  overwhelming, so  sudden, and so complete was the disaster that  of the ship's company but 3 were rescued, they  having clung to the rocks.    The officials at the  admiralty office in London state that when the  wreck occurred the Serpent was trying to make  either Corunna or the bay of Vigo for repairs,  having     been    partially   disabled    in    passing  through a hurricane.    Strange stories are afloat  in London in regard to the ill-fated cruiser.    It  is alleged she was bungled in building and that  her test trials under steam were farces.    These  allegations are now said to have been matters'of  common gossip among the sailors ever since the  vessel   was   launched,    but   if   so   they   never  reached the general public in print.    It is known  the men complained of the brutality of the captain  who threatened to repay thein by severe  chastisement.     There   were  several  desertions  from the vessel  during  her  last   voyage.    The  admiralty are suppressing ail details of this kind  so far as  possible,   and a complete  story  will  probably not be made public until the report of,  a board of inquiry into the disaster is made.   ',..'  I>o You  Wjint -Your  Express   IpJicI_age.s ?  The Dominion Express Company, not having  offices at either Nelson or Ainsworth, does not  forward express parcels from Sproat until all  charges are paid. A number of packages are  now at Sproat, and if the consignees do not pay  the charges at once, the packages will be sent  back to the'ma in Pacific coast office of the company. The following-named consignees are interested :  At Nelson.���������A. P. Steele, 1 package; J. E.  Walsh, 1 cady tobacco, 1 box, J. package ; William Hall, 1 package; A. McLeod, 1 package;  Max Walclon, 1 package currency, 1 package  sundries; T. V. Th'urburn., 2 boxes; Albert Barrett, 1 box ; A. Dalt.le, 1 package ; miss Mollie  Smith, 1 package; miss Minnie McNally, 1 trunk ;  Marks & VanNess, 1 box.  At Ainsworth.���������A. D."Wheeler,,1 package;  .T. L. Retallack, 2 trunks; N. Velnoweble, 1  package; D. A. McKinnon, 1 tub butter; Joseph  Fletcher, 1 package; H. D. McLeod, 2 packages;  G. B. Wright, 1 package.  Other Kootenay Lake Points.���������Dr. Hendryx, 1 package; J. W. Cockle, 2 boxes; Cockle  Brothers, 1 bale.  Although  not   Strictly Fair,  a Solution.  The puzzel printed in a recent number of The  Miner was a, subject of much   comment.    In  fact, it caused more discussion than any of the  brain-racking editorials  appearing in  the same  issue.    Many claimed  it could  not   be  solved.  Others, again, that it was easy of solution.    A  Sproat   man    writes:      "The   solution   of   the  " problem   is   easy,   and   consists  of a   simple  " arrangement of Oof the number's, thus:  " It   may be objected that the placing of  "���������the-2 numbers so as to make '11' is not  " strictly fair, but   the   problem   can   be  solved in no other way.    In thus placing  them is the 'catch,' which is found in all  " poblerns of a like nature."  H  l  3  3  21  DO NOT USE POOE MATEEIAL  in buildings when first-class  MOLDINGS,  are for sale in any quantity by the      .-,..'..-  NELSON  SAWMILL GO.  Yard:   At end of Flume in  Nelson.  Mill:  Two Miles South of Nelson.  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.;   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us ."will have the same  : ^ delivered   promptly   in   any  part of Nelson.  CORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  o ...'"���������' at low prices.  '   ���������1II.'.S.'DAVYS,|.   , .1.  II.  TOLSON,  MANAGERS.  Kootenay Lake Saw-Mill.  100,000 feet Lumber on hand at NELSON.  5(0,000    ".'       " " AINSWORTH.  100,000    "  <<  li  MILL.  Parties Purchasing Lots in Nelson  ON  BIJILIMNCt CONDITIONS  will be liberally dealt with in regard to lumber supply.  Gh.O. _3TTO_E_:______q"-__-__^r  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee, work finished on time.  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  HANSEN & HILT01;  AND  Will contract for the ex-cction of any size wood building.  Plans and estimates furnished and bills for material made.  Job carpentering attended to promptly. Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, East Vernon street.  will do all kinds of  CLEARING   AND   CONTRACT   WORK  in and about  Estimates given on work.       Address, Balfour via Nelson.  _-^gM._MM������������_MB^ THE  MraEE:    E"ELS0N,  B. C,   SATUEDAY,   NOVEMBEE 22,  1890.  m  if  .!������������������:'  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will, be  mailed to .-subscriber's at the following cash-in-advance,  rates: -Three month's $1.50, six months ������2.50, one year f L  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of f3 an inch (down the column)"per"month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for "the first, irisertiori and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 wox*ds  each make an inch. All-.'advertisements printed for  a less pei-iod than 3 months-Considered tx'ansient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 1_ lines.  Birth Notices; free if-weight of child is given; if  weight is not  given   ������1 will  be ..charged.   Marriage  announcements will be charged from ������1 to ������10���������accord-  cing to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing in good style at fair rates. Cards,  envelopes, and lcttex*, note, and accouixt papers kept  in -stock.  LETTERS TO THE  EDTTGTi~-WlLL   ONLY   APPEAR   OVER THE  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscribex-," "Vex-itas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  Will not be printed-on any ���������consideration!.  Address all Letters: The Miner, Nelson, B. C,  (with "via Kootenai, Idaho," added if mailed, in the  United States.)    ��������� ____'  Authorized Agents :   Henry Anderson, Ainsworth; *  James   Delaixey  and   James   Gibson, Spokane  Falls;.  J. H. Matheson, Donald; E. S. Topping, Tx-ail Cx-eek;  ���������F. B. Wells, Revelstoke.  The mining c-bnimission called to Victoria to  frame a mineral act, or acts, should not engraft  experiments on their Work.     The mining industry is yet too young in British Columbia for any'  chances to be taken   in legislation that will require time to determine its value.    The commission should adhere closely to the lines now followed in this province and in the neighboring  states of the republic to the south.    Plain provision s are required regarding the size5 of claims,  and how they shall be staked and recorded; the  amount  of annual  assessment work,   and the  time in which  it shall be performed; the right  of  the  locator to  all ledges  whose apexes are  within his side lines, giving him the sole right  to follow them through to'China; the end lines  of a claim  to be parallel and to extend downward vertically ; fractional claims to be bounded  by the lines of prior locations.    The commission  should not endeavor to embrace in one act provisions  defining  gold commissioner's and mining   recorder's   duties,   provisions   relating   to  water rights and privileges, provisions relating  to quartz  claims,   and   provisions   relating   to  placer claims.    For no matter how plain  they  are  made,   officials will construe  them  as  applicable to this or inapplicable to that branch of  the  mining  business.    The local gold commissioner -should be the final arbitrator in all disputes as to  records and boundaries.    He is an  official in whom the miners have confidence, as  he generally understands the bottom facts of all  local   disputes,     -'If-.allowed, this power, there  could be no long delays in settling the ownership of claims.     If the provincial goverimient  has  the power   to   appoint  mining recorders,  under the  British  North America .Act, it certainly   has    power   to   appoint   gold   commissioners, whose duties are no more judicial than  are those of a justice of the peace.    The members of the commission are- reported to be a mr.  Mason of Cariboo,  William Wilson of Victoria,  J. M. K el lie of West Kootenay, Gr. B. Wright of  Ainsworth,   and   a   legal    gentleman   not   yet  named���������probably judge Spinks of Kamloops.  The attention of the provincial government  is called to the need of uniform record books.  The books used by the recorders in East and  West Kootenay are not at all suitable for the.  uses to which they are put. They- are of every  grade of poor paper, not properly ruled, of all  sized pages, and in all styles of binding. This is  not as it should be. The province has a printing office of its own, which''prints the blanks  used in  the transaction of provincial business.  These blanks are uniformly gotten up, and  being printed in large quantities, cost merely a  nominal figure. The same system should be adopted as regards record books. They should be  gotten up of a uniform sized page, on good  paper, ruled for the uses to which they are put,  have printed headings, and bound substantially  in leather and cloth. Books gotten up in this  way would cost less than those novv in use, as  the latter are pur-chased as wanted from local  dealers, who invariably charge 100 per cent profit on the first cost of the goods. ������  It is reported that Nelson is  to  be  made the  countv seat of West Kootenay district.    If the  change should be made, it would work no hardship or cause no inconvenience to the people, of  the district, as the  business that  comes under  the head of "countv" business can be transacted  as well'by local deputies as by the government  agent. ������ But it is doubtful if" such, change would  not. be met with considerable opposition  from  the men 'engaged in mining in the north half of  the district.    It would be as unfair to compel  them to travel  to Nelson to transact business  with the goldjcoinmissioner as it is now unfair  to cbmpel the mining men of the south half of  the district to travel to Revelstoke. While it will  be admitted by all people in the north half, that  the mining interests of the south half areas 3 to 1  in comparison with those of their section, and  that  the south  half is therefore  entitled to a  resident  gold  commissioner, they  will  not  be  likely to taSke kindly to a change unless a gold  commissioner is also appointed for their section.  "While the people of  the  south half of the district  do  not  much   care  whether  the  seat of  government is at Nelson or at Revelstoke, they  will use their best efforts to secure the location  of a gold commissioner at some point on Kootenay lake, and their efforts will be backed up by  Till- Miner's influence with the Robson government, which, judging from results in the past,  is a potent factor.    The   recent   election   in    the   United   States  should teach one thing.   It should teach all people who believe in the perpetuation of republican  institutions that a party around whose standard flocks a foreign priesthood is not one to be  ��������� trusted .'with- governmental affairs.    In all contests, whether for the personal freedom of the  negro or for the perpetuation of free education  at public schools, the Republican party���������and not  the Demoeatic���������has been the champion of that  which  all  real  lovers  of liberty believe  to  be,  right.    At times the Republican party has been  dominated   by   unscrupulous   and    demagogic  leaders,   but  its  rank  and file have never yet   j  bowed down before a foreign potentate, either  civil or'ecclesiastical.    As  a rule, members  of  that party are, first and foremost, Americans,  and understand the language in which the laws  of their country are iDrinted.    They are firm believers in religious as well as civil liberty.   They  would not have a foreign priest sit in the public  school-house, teaching alone his religious creed  and the language of the country from which he  came.    The Republican party has always maintained thai; English must be the official language  of the country, and that while parents had the  right, to teach their children any language they  saw fit, English should be the language of the  ���������free  public school.    In   Wisconsin, at  the late  election, that alone was the issue.    The Republican party maintained that all children in the  state should attend a school in which English  was taught for at least 12 weeks in each year.  In that state, as elsewhere, the Roman Catholics  are opposed to state education, and send their  children to parochial schools, in which the national language of the members  of  the  parish  supporting the school is alone taught.    A Protestant sect, called the German Lutherans, also  oppose  any legislation   that will  compel  their.  ".children to learn the language of the country in  which they live and must necessarily be citizens  of.     Canadians*  should   be   in   sympathy-'��������� but  they  are  not���������with   the   party  in  the  United  States that is not only progressive, but in favor  of a government free from the dictation of foreign priests and foreign politicians ; for Canada  has  within its borders an element that would  not only do away with every free public school  within its boundaries, but, in doing so, do away  with the English language as well.  Opposition to the claim made by the Columbia & Kootenay Rail way Company for 4-mile-  square blocks covering lands already occupied  is taking practical shape, as the petition prirrted  below will show.    The act granting the corn-  pan y 200,000 acres  of land   plainly states  that  j   every land warrant except one, which may be  |   issued for 5440 acres, shall be for not less than  j   10,240 acres, or, in other words, the company is  i   entitled to 19 blocks of 10,240 acres* each and 1  block of 5440 acres.    The act also specifies that  on surrender of the land warrants the holder or  holders thereof shall receive crown grants for  the hinds applied for in  pursuance of the said  warrants.   The act, also, specifies that no crown  grant shall issue except for unoccupied, unreserved, and unrecorded crown lands.    Under the  provisions of the act, the commissioner of lands  and works, at the request of the railroad company, has placed a reserve on 19 blocks, the reserve not yet   being  placed on   the  one   fractional block.    As samples of the blocks reserved  the  following are  given:    Block 5 covers  the  townsite of Nelson and surrounding lands.    Of  the surrounding lands, the title to more, than  ,1000 acres has already passed from the province  to individual purchasers,   and fully 2000 acres  more are held as recorded mineral claims and  tinder timber leases.    By the act the railroad  co.mpa.ny-could'in no event obtain title to more  than 7000 acres in block 5.    Is it the intent of  the law to allow the railroad company to place  a 10,240-acre block on a 6000-acre tract?    Or is it  the intent of the law  to  require a  10,240-acre  block to be taken from 10,240'acres' of unoccupied  crown lands?   The people of the Kootenay Lake  country believe the latter is the intent of the  law, and' will endeavor to compel the railroad  company  and   the  government  to   conform to  that intent.   Block 10 is located '-in the vicinity  of Hot-'Springs," and, no doubt, is intended to  cover  what  is  known   as  Hot Springs mining  district.    There is not 100 acres in the block that  is valuable for other purposes than that of mining for the precious 'metals.    Yet it is a recognized  principle  in  law, that the  right  to  the  precious metals found in agricultural, pastoral,  or timber lands does not pass from the crown to  the purchaser on the issuance of a crown grant  for such lands.    It is also a recognized principle  in law, that title to mineral lands can only be  acquired in one way, that is by the location of  mineral claims 600 by 1500 feet in size.    If the  above is a correct position to maintain, the fact  that  over 6000  acres of the 10,240  included  in  block 10 have already been taken up as mineral  claims, is pretty good evidence that the land included in the block is mineral, arid not adapted  for agricultural, pastoral,  or timber purposes.  Block 11 is  on the east side of Kootenay lake,  and covers what is locally known as the Hendryx  camp.    The land  is valuable for no other pur-  iiiPSllf^^ 77; ��������� ytmmmmmmm  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   NOYEMBEE 22,   1890:  Dealers in Dry (roods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned G-oods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty:  -     ��������� - "���������"--.".' - - ' -    ���������'-''���������...���������'���������.' ���������; ���������.   , . -     *    ''���������'.'���������'-''. '     <jj--.- -   .:.--.."'    ',''���������'���������"  The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect G-oods  ^ and compare Prices. ';',-������������������ ���������:���������������������������'������������������  Main Street, REVELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Yernon Street, NEESOm  pose than for mining, and is already covered by  a n una her of mineral 1 beat ion s.    Block 12 is si t-  uated     on     both ,  sides    of    the    west     arm  of Kootenay lake, and distant  about one mile  west   of  the  main   lake.     It has been the   invariable ruling-heretofore in acquiring-land that  the  boundaries   of a  tract   should   follow  the  meanderings of a river, and not be extended so  as to  include the river itself within the tract-  Should the preemptor of 320 acres of land ask  for a tract that included both banks of a. river  within its boundaries, how long would it be before he would be notified by the surveyor-general that his,claim was preposterous and could  not  be allowed:    yet the  surveyoivgeneral   of  British Columbia reserved for the Columbia &  Kootenay Railway Company   block  12,   which  includes  within   its   boundaries  4 miles of the  west arm of Kootenay lake (Kootenay river), a  navigable  stream,   whose waters are under the  sole control of the Dominion of Canada.    Block  13 includes within  its boundaries 4 mihjs of the  Columbia  river,   one  of the largest  navigable  streams in  the province.    The Robson govern-  in en t, in placin g Co 1 u iribia. & Kooten ay Rai 1 way  Columbia   reserves   on    the   Blocks   mentioned  above, is either unacquainted with the character  of the lands included in the blocks, or willing to  trade the inherent  rights of the people-for the  privilege of having its lease of life extended a  few short months.  ���������IS  PETITION  TO THE  GOVERNMENT.  The petition of the undersigned residents of'the southern  portion of West Kootenay district showeth :  That your petitioncx'S are engaged in or following occupations" dependent on mining, aix indxxstx'y which if not  hampered by unwise legislation will upbuild this section,  making it in time second to none in the province in either  population or wealth. _  That at the last session of the legislative assembly much  of the legisla-tion affecting the mining interests was unwise, in that it has" a tendency to promote litigation���������that-  banc to speedy and successful mine development.  That while the gx-anting of 200,000 acres of land to tlie  Columbia & Kootenay .1 tail way Company may not be unwise in itself, the construction placed on' the act by tlie  railway company, aixd acquiesced in by the chief commissioner of lands and works, is tlie cause of much appx-ehon-  sion to your petitioners, in that tlie railway company-has  claimed, and the'chief commissioner of lands and works  seen tit to reserve. t-milc-squaro blocks of land wholly  mineral in eh a meter.  That the land'is mineral in character is evidenced by the  mxmber of locations recorded before the,passage.of the act  gx-anthig tlie aforesaid 200,000 acres to the railway company���������and as proof that many of these locations are  witbin the boxxndaries of blocks'reserved, your petitioners  respectfully cite blocks o, 10, and 11:  Block 5 includes the townsite of Kelson, extending i  miles southward from the outlet or river! Within' its  boundaries ax*e some. 20 minex-al claims, several of them  located as early as 1887. In this block are, also, a. number  of convenient mill-sites, which under section 015a of the  minex-al act may be acquix-ed from the ex-own by free  miners or- mining companies. Block 5 also includes within  its boxxndaries iGO-acre purchases made by H. Anderson,  J. F. Hume, J. F. Fell, Joshua Davies, A.. YV\-Vowel!, II.  S. Mason, a preemption by J. D. Townley, and a timber  limit acquired by M. S. Davys. It will be thus seen that  of the 10,210 acres in the block, the title to fully 3000 acres  is alienated either by direct purchase, preemption, timber  lease, or recorded mineral claims.  Block 10 covex*s Hot Spx'ings -mining district, a tract of  land wholly unfit for other than-, mining'purposes." Within  its limits ax'e 800 recox-dedrninei'al claims, or a total of 0000  acres. That the land inclxxded in this block has not at any  time sixxee 1S81 been considered non-m'xnei-al in character  is proven by the fact that the chief commissioner of lands  and 'works has sixxee thaf year invariably x-efxxsed applications for purchase of land in that neighborhood, basing his  refusal on the fact that the lands being xninex-al were not  open for pxxrehase. The townsite of Ainsworth, acqxxired  by its px'esexxt owner in 1883. is- also inclxxded within  block 10.  Block 11 co'vers what is locally known as the " Hendxwx:  camp," andepx-obably docs not contain within its limits 50  acx*es of land suitable' for c.ultivatio.n. A number of mineral locations have beexx made, within its sxxpposed boxxndaries, one of them being developed into a valuable mine,  on which expensive machinery has been placed.  The land inclxxded in blocks 10 and 11 is not valxxable for  other than mining- purposes, and owncx-ship to its surface-  rights should, not be allowed to be acquired in other than  the regular way, that is, by the location and working of  the usual-sized .'mineral claims.  Other blocks could "bo. mentioned, within the boundaries  of which are navigable rivers, as "well as lands already occupied by pxxrehaseand preemption, more notably block 12  on tbc outlet or river one mile;'west.of Kootenay lake','and',',  block 1.'**, oxx the Colxxmbia ' i*rvex\ at themonth of Trail  creek. In no one of the 5 blocks mentioned above can the  government find 10,210 acres of.unalienated land on which  to base the issxxance of a land warrant, and the.act'specifies that no warrants (except 1 for 5110 acres) shall be is-  sxxed for a less axnount.  Youx* petitioners are in the belief that the railway company, in locating the above-mentioned blocks, had bxxt a  , single object in view in-acquiring shore rights on lakes,  ri.vcr*s, and creeks, that is, in order to monopolize the carrying trade of the district by exacting high tolls from coiri-  petitors for all landixxg privileges.      "   ,  '"  Your petitioners are also in the belief that wha** lands  yet remain xxnalienated in blocks o, 10, and 11 should only  be acquired under the provisions of the mincx'ai or preemption acts.  Among the many serioxxs objections "to .the granlintrof*  mineral lands to the railwxy company is the. unsettled  question of the ownership of base ores in n'.n paten ted  claims���������a question certain to cause much, expensive litigation before it is finally settled; and ybxxr petitioners are", of  opinion that oneof the objects of the railroad company in 'endeavoring to get possession of this known mincx'ai, land is -  to lay chum to all the base ores and metals which may be  foxxxid .hex-oaf ter on unpatented claims, and by vexatious  law-sxxits eixdeavor to obtain possession of such ox-es and  metals. Many of your petitioners have also resided hi.this  portion of the district long previoxxs to the time its value  as a mineral coxxntry became gencx*ally known,���������and by  their jtei'soverauce alone have the valuable mineral discoveries been made.  We, therefore, strongly protest against the handing over  to .a x-ailroad company of the remainder of the xinrecorded  known mineral lands in thissection.  'Vour petitioners therefore pray that the reserve on all  blocks -heretofore regarded as mineral lands, and tlie sale  thereof refused on "that account, together -with the reserves on all blocks having within their boundaries either  mineral locations, preemptions, timber limits, or purchased tracts.' be withdrawn a.nd 'canceled, as being set  apart contx-Jiry to the letter and-spirit of the .act, and' that,  the government absolutely refuse to alienate any lands  xinder said act other than in 4-inilc-squa.re blocks which  shall xxot include within their boundaries: a. recorded mineral claim, or preemption, or purchased tract, or timber  limit, or navigable stream.  A  kelson   _*io������ie<':r C'o-ni-i.its  Suicide  On the afternoon of the 12th, at Spokan'e  Falls, William McK. Dennee, Nelson's pioneer  merchant, sent a bullet through his brain. That  morning he left home apparently in. his usual  spirits, going first to his office, then to the mining exchange. He returned to his office accompanied by a friend, whom he left there, saying  as he went out, " I'll be back soon." He then  proceeded to a building which he owned on the  corner of Sprague and Madison streets, entered  a vacant storeroom, and ended his life,��������� leaving  no written message, other than that he wished  E. L. Morrison & Co. to do the undertaking.  G. B. Wright' of Ainsworth says lie met mr.  Dennee half an hour before he killed himself,  and he appeared;and spoke -in his usual pleasant  and affable manner. His wife could give no  reason for the actj saying that their domestic  life had always been happy, mr. Dennee seldom  referring to business affairs at home, giving as  a reason that he did not wish hertoworry.  It seems that he was negotiating with eastern  parties for the sale of a Colvilkv mine, named  the Daisy, hoping to make $10,000 by the transaction. ���������'* A hitch occurred, and the deal was  likely to fall through. Being considerably involved .and hard pressed' for money, he had tried  to make a raise by gambling���������not playing himself, but staking a gambler io play for him. In  doing this, the night before, he not only lost  several hundred dollars ready moneys but had a  check ca,shed for $150, drawing it on a bank at  which he had no funds.  John S. Atchinson of  theSpokane National  bank, an old friend of mr. Dennee's, says he first  met Dennee at Virginia- City, Montana, in 1864,  He was then engaged in general merchandising,  the  firm   being-  known   as  Rockfell'<fc Dennee.  They were well known in that region.    Mr*- Dennee sold but, and going to Deer Lodge entered  into business with mr.. Osborne, the firm's name  being Osborne <fc Dennee.    They were 'for some  time the leading business house of the town.   In  1876 mr. Dennee went to the Black  Hills, Dakota, and became the most prominent merchant.  . in Deadwood, his trade extending well over the  Black. Hills.    He left that region and' started on  a round of the  whole country, reaching  many  'corners of it.   In 1881, at the height h of the gold  fever in the Cceur d'Alene's, inr. Dennee arrived  at Eagle City.    He was broke, and did not have  a quarter,'but he started  in  business at Eagle  City, and went after the end of tlie craze from  that  point to Murray.     He was in  business in  Murray until   the  discoveries  on   South   Fork,  when he followed tile throng over there, setting  up business in Wardner, where he remained urr-  til he came to Spokane.   .  "I don't think any financial trouble," continued mr.Atchinson, '"led him to suicide.  He had made a half-dozen 'fortunes in business,  and then lost them, in speculation. Why, he  could have set up a grocery store here, and made  more money than anyman in town. Whether  he was broke or had plenty of money he was the  same. Without a. quarter or a, place to keen one  he was never down in' the mouth. No; it was  some other cause, but what it was. I cannot  comprehend."  Mi-. Dennee and, "Sandy" Divines started (he  'first store at Nelson, in tlie spring of 1887, selling  out in tlie fall of that year' to it. E. Lemon and  .7.. Fred .Hume. ilc returned to Spokane Falls,  and engaged in mining speculations, which  invariably turned out bad.  Mackinaw Blanket Jackets  Ai  15 East BSak'er SI_'cc,(L  Ul  ���������S������_a.T������M  ackinaw Blanket Jackets 6  THE MINER:    1TELS0E,  B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  NOVEMBEE 22,  1890.  ("or. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B.C.  H.   &   TV   MADDEN  Propx-ietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,     '  with  a frontage  towards Kootenay river,'and .is .newly  fxxx'nished throughout.  THE      TABLE  is supplied with everything in the /market; the kitchen  being xxnder the immediate supervision of Hxxgh  Madden, a caterer of large expex'ieixce.  THE BAR IS STOCKED WITH THE BEST  braxxds of beer, ale,-wine, whisky, and cigars.  " The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District,"  Cox'ixer of'Vernon', and Wai-'d Streets,  '.-������������������NEl-SOiV/B.'������������������.-'  JOHNSON   &   SVfAHOfiMEY,  PROPRIETORS.  The repxxtation made for this hoxxse by its fox-mer proprietor, J. F.WARD, will be maintained by  the presexxt management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  Vex'noxx Street, xicar Josephine,  KELSOX, IJ. ���������.  IERG  8l JOHN;  PROPRIETORS.  THE  HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests tlius obtaining splendid, views  of both nxoxxntain and. river.  THE   ROOMS  arc -comfortable in size and  newly fxxx'nished.  THE  TABLE  is  acknowledged   the  best;  in the mountains.  E_   _B ____IE_  is stocked with the best liqixox's and cigars procxxrable.  No whiskies sold except ITiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  MOST "' OI5S���������Ki\TI- , -:W0B&1>  'IN-.'. THE-   i.A_������������BJAGE*  -nothing  "Bob" Ingersoll lecttired in Philadelphia/on  October 21st on Walt Whitman and his poetry.  The folio wing are extracts from his address :  In the year 1855 the American people knew  but * little of books. Their ideas, th eir m oc? els  ��������� were English. Young and Pollock, Addison  and ���������'Watts,- were regarded as great poets; some  of the more reckless read Thomson's ''Seasons"  and the poems and novels, of sir .'������������������Waiter Scott.  A few, not quite orthodox, delighted in the  mechanical monotony of Pope, and the really  wicked���������those lost to all religious shame���������were  '.'.'worshipers of Shakespeare. The really orthodox Protestant, untroubled by doubts, considered Milton the greatest poet of th em all.  Byron and Shelley were hardly respectable���������  not to be read by young persons. It was admitted by all hands that Burns was a child of nature, of whom his mother was ashamed and  proud. .   ���������  ; At this time a, young man��������� he to whom this  testimonial is given���������-he upon whose head have  fallen the snows of more than 70 winters���������gave  to the world a- book, "Leaves of Grass." The  book was, and is, the true transcript of a soul.  The man is unmasked. No drapery of hypocrisy, no pretense, no fear. All customs were  forgotten or disregarded,- ���������all- rules broken���������nothing mechanical-���������no imitation���������spontaneous'  running and winding like a river, multitudinous  in its thoughts as the waves of the sea  mathematical Or measured.     ,  His book was received by manywitlxdisdain,  with horror, with indignation and protest���������by  the few as a marvelous, almost miraculous message to the world���������full of thought, philosophy,  poetry, and music.  In the republic of mediocrity genius is dangerous. The heart of nature beats and throbs in  his lines. The, respectable prudes and pedagogues sound the alarm, and cry, or rather  screech, *'* Is this a book for a young person ?"'  The provincial prudes, and others of like  mold, pretend that love is a duty rather than a  passion���������a kind of self-denial���������not an overmastering joy. They preach the gospel of pretense  and pantalettes, hi the presence of sincerity,  of truth, they cast down their eyes and endeavor  to feel immodest. To them the most beautiful  thing is hypocrisy adorned with a blush.  They do not walk the streets of the city of life  ���������they explore the sewers; they stand in the  gutters and cry, "Unclean!" They pretend  that beauty is a snare, that love is a Delilah;  that the highway of joy is the broad road,  lined with flowers and filled with perfume, leading to the city of eternal,sorrow.-'  Since the year 1885 the American people have  developed; they are somewhat acquainted with  the literature. of the world. They have witnessed the most tremendous of revolutions, not  only upon the fields of battle, but in the'world  of thought. The American citizen has concluded that is hardly worth while being a sovereign, unless he has the right "to think for himself.  And now, from this height, with the vantage  ground of today, I propose to examine this  book and to state in" a general way,.what Walt  Whitman has done, what he has accomplished,  and what place he has won in the world of  thought-  Walt Whitman stood, when he published his  book, where all stand tonight���������on the perpetually moving line where history ends and prophecy begins. He knew something of son_r and  story, of philosophy and art���������much of the heroic  dead, of brave sniftering, of the thoughts of  men, the habits of the people���������rich as well as  poor-���������familiar.with labor, a friend of wind and  wave, touched by love and friendship.  Walt 'Whitman announced the gospel of the  body. He confronted the people, lie denied  the depravity of man. He insisted that love is  not a crime; that men and women should be  proudly natural; that, they need not grovel on  the earth and cover their faces for shame. He  taught the dignity and glory of the father and  mother; the sacredness of maternity.  Maternity, tender and pure as the tear of pity,  holy   as  suffering���������the  crown, the  flower, the  ecstasy of love-  People had been taught from Bibles and from  creeds that maternity was a kind of a crime;  that the woman should be purified by some ceremony in some temple built in liOnOr of some  god. The barbarism was attacked by, his  "Leaves of Grass.",  _ The glory of simple life was sung; a declaration of independence was made for, each and all.  And yet this appeal to manhood and to womanhood was misunderstood. It was denounced  simply because it was in barmony with the  great .trend, of nature. To me, the most obscene  wOrd in our language is celibacy.  It was not tlie fashion for people to speak or  write their thoughts. We were flooded with  the literature of'hypocrisy. They cried out,  "He is a defender of passion���������he is a libertine!  He lives in the mire.    He lacks spirituality!" ;.  Whoever differs with tlie multitude, especially with a led midtitude���������that is to say, a multitude of taggers���������will find put from their  leaders that he has committed an unpardonable  sin. It is a crime to ..travel' a road of your own,  especially if you put tip guide-boards for the information of others.,      '  We cannot measure. Shakespeare by a. few  lines, neither can Ave measure the Bible by a,  few chapters, nor "Leaves of Grass" by a few  paragraphs. The trees of the forest are not all  of one size. On some of the highest there are,  dead and. useless limbs, and there may be growing beneath the hushes, weecls, and now and  then a poisonous vine. If I were to edit the  great book of the world, I might leave out some  lines and I might leave out the best.    I claim  the right to choose.  I give that right to all.  Covnei- West Vernon,and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IN NELSON.  Tlie Lntex'natioixal has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughoxxt.  THE  TABLE   IS   NOT-SURPASSED  ��������� by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake coxxntry.  A share of transient tx-ade solicited.  !   THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIG-AES  ! A_TD THE FINEST ^MMTDS OF LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  is the best hotel in BA LFOUR,'the new town at the out  let of Kootenay lake, 8 miles from Ainsworth and  .    20 from Nelson.  G-ood Beds.   Meals at all'Hours.  WILLIAM   THOMAS,   PKOIMUETOH  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  xVgent for mineral claims;  crown  graixts obtained   for  mixxeral claims, and abstracts of title for same fxxx'nished.  Oflice at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. O.  #  \ THE  MINEE:    NELSON,  B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  NOVEMBEE 22,   1890.  There will be at least 2 towns of importance  in the  mining districts adjacent tp Kootenay  lake, although others may be built up as the resources of the country become developed.   In the  the district known as Toad Mountain, NELSON  is at present the only town.   The site is owned  by the Province and by the Canadian Pacific, and  is situated at the head of navigation on the outlet or west arm of Kootenay lake.   NELSON  will be the eastern terminus of the Columbia &  Kootenay branch of the Canadian Pacific.   When  that branch is completed to a connection with the  main line at Calgary on the east, and through to  Hope on the west, NELSON will be the chief  .��������� division point.   At present it is the main commercial town in the Kootenay Lake country, and  every effort will ������be made by its people and its  owners to maintain that lead.   In Hot Springs  district, where over 30Q mineral locations have  been made, several of which are aheady developed  past the prospect stage, AINSWOETH is the  only town to which they are all directly tributary, its site being less than 6 miles distant from  any and but 3 from most of them.   The townsite  is owned by G-eorge J. Ainsworth, a California  capitalist, who will make every endeavor to improve it.   Already general merchandise stores,  hotels, and other businesses are established, and  the future of the town is assured.   Business and  residence lots in both Ainsworth and Nelson for  sale by HOUSTON, INK & ALLAN, Nelson.  iredemejer, Ph. Br.  (Late partner of John McVicker's, Salt Lake City)  Mining Engineer, and Provincial and XL S. Surveyor.  AGENT FOR   HAND'S   FIREWORKS.  Masonic Temple Block, Vancoxxver, B. C.  RATES FOR ASSAYING.  Silver, Lead, or Gold... $2 00   Copper,SiTver and G old. $2 50  Zinc or Arsenic.... . 5 00   Silver or Gold bxxllioix.. 3 00  Silver and Lead or Silver and Gold.     2 00  Iron, Lime. Silica or Manganese ;       5 00  Sealed sample for Lead, Sil ver and Gold.      ������ 00  Sealed sample for Copper, Silver and Gold    5 00  Lead bullion, for Silver and Gold.     2 00  Assays from Kootenay district-' pi'omptly atteixded to.  Makes reports on and surveys and maps of miixes. Thirty  years experience; speaks 10 languages.   Terms, cash.  Ainswox-th, Hot Spx'ings District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons bixying fr-om xxs will avoid the necessity of paying  dxxty on goods at Canadian cxxstom-house on the river.  irkup  REVE&STOS-E, 18. ���������.  aRAtflTEWARE AND  LAMP  GOODS.  Tin, Copper, and Sheet-Iron Ware Made to Order.  First-class work gxxaranted.   Particxxlar attention^paid  to mail orders from mining camps.  <���������_fcf_Attf    OF    THE   WORWS   NEWS.  Shepherd, Seims & Co. have been awax'ded the contract  for building the Great Northern railway from the summit  of the Rockies to the Columbia river, the line passing within 7 miles of Bonner's Ferry, Idaho. The point at which it  will cross the Columbia is not known to outsiders, nor is.it.  known as to whether Spokane Falls will been the main  lixie or on a branch.  A wreck oh the Spxxthern Pacific near Salem, Oregon, on  the 12tb, x'esulted in"the death of 5 people, and the serious  injury of about 50 more. While cx'ossing a 600-foot tx'estle,  the engineer felt it give way. He gave a short whistle  and set the brakes. The train moved ahead about 50  yards as it went down, and the wreck was the work of less  than a minute. A coroner's .jury has since brought in a  verdict that the accident was the resxxlt of an unsound, unsafe bridge, and that the Southern Pacific Railway Company is guilty of criminal riegligexxce in allowing such a  structure to stand and be used for the passage of trains.  On the night of the 11th a special passenger train of 4  coaches on the Great Western railway of England, while  running at the rate of 50 miles an hoxxr, ran into a freight  train at Fitzwarren station, near Taunton. The force of  the collision was sxxch that the first coach of the special  was litei-ally smashed into matchwood. Immediately after  the collision sparks from the engine set on fire''the debris,"  and before anything could be done 6 occupants  of the first coach wei-e slowly burned to death.  The accident is the first on that road since 1874, and was  caused by the failure of a signal man to display the proper  signals. About 50 people were aboard the special, being passengers who had ax-rived that day at Plymouth froxn  the Cape of Good Hope, Africa. D  The United States supreme court has decided that a citizen/has not the inherent right to sell intoxicating liquors  by retail, and/that mixnicipalities have the right to designate whom to graixt and whom to l-efuse liquor licenses.   Justice Field of Calif oxmia delivex'ed the opinion.  It is now positively certain that Jay Gould has secured  contx'ol of the Union Pacific railroad; at least that is what  he himself says. 1 hose interested, in the deal with him  which led to the acquistion of this property, or rather.'to  the x'c-establishmexxt of his power in it, are, according to  nis own statement, William and John D. Rockefeller of  the Standai-d Oil Company.  The official recount of the votes polled in the New Westminster district election gave Sword 470, Ladner 275,  Thompson 1_5, and Greer 57. The 2 latter will lose their  deposit of $200, they not having I'eceived half as many  votes as the successful candidate.  H. B. Roycraft, absconding supex-intendent .of-rthe pi'O-  vixxcial police, is now living in a little town on the Columbia river ixx Oregon, He is nearly dead, axxd woxxld not be  recognized by his forixier friends. Consxxmption is the disease that will soon end his car-eer on earth.  Residents of Aberdeen, a town in west Washington, have  fox'cibly removed all Chinese fx'om the place. Since their  forced exodxxs, all branches of bxxsiness carried on by the  Chinese are conducted by whites.  The Litest purchases of silver made by the treasui'y department of the United Statet were at figures ranging between $1.02 and $1.03 axi ounce.  Many people along the Canadian Pacific remember  "boodler" McGarigle, who made Banff hot springs his  headquarters during his enforced stay ixx Canada. On his  return to Chicago he paid a fine of $1000, and all criminal  suits pending against him were qxxashed. At the tixne of  his escape from Chicago, C. R. Matson was shex'iff of Cook  county, and he had it in for McGax'igle ever since. The  men met for the first time, xxot long since, at a political  meeting, axxd McGarigle walked xxp to Matson, held oxit his  hand and said, "How ax'e you, Matson? It is a long time  since I met yoxx last." Matson's face flushed, and without  deigning to take notice of the pi'ofrered hand, he drew  back his mighty arm aixd sxxxote his former prisoner a hax-d  blow oh the tip of the xiose, bi'eaking that shapely organ.  McGarigle fell to the floox-, and as soon as he recovered  hasteixed away. -'"- - .    -    -,- .  A Mon-Blaii- of Mica in  ESritisl- Columbia.  Kamloops Sentinel, 15th : On the 6th Louis  Victor and a party of Indians returned to Kamloops from  a 7-week prospecting trip up North  Thompson river. They had 25 horses with  them, and although they had difficult work,  made the up journey of 300 .miles in less than 2  weeks. The country around the headwaters of  the river and the Tete Juane Cache was covered with a foot of snow. Notwithstanding this  impediment to the work of prospecting, they  located the mica mines -which they were in  search of, camping at the mines  3 weeks, sta-k  mg  out   claims.      The  ledgre  located   shows  a  width of 40 and a height of .40 feet on the side  of the mountain and the indications are that  they have struck a mountain of mica. Some  fine samples were secured and brought in, the  largest of which was about 10 x IS inches surface, and almost as clear as crystal. Cubes of  almost 2 feet were exposed in places, a slice from  one of which was broken in two in being  brought to town. The mica splits readily to  any thickness desired, and is undoubtedly of as  good quality as can be obtained anywhere, and  its locators have evidently struck it rich.  Provincial Secretary's Office.  His  honor the lieutenant-governor has  been  pleased  to  make the following appointment:      3ist October 1800  Gex-ai'd B. Nagle, of Hot Springs, csquii'e, to be mining  recorder for all that portion of the district of West Kootenay which  lies to the east of  the  117th meridian, vice  ���������Henry Anderson, esquire, and a collector under the "Provincial Revenue Tax Act" for the said distx-ict.  EEAL ESTATE AND MIIIKJ BftOKEKS  '.    AND '...'_  INSTJEANOE AGENTS.  We now represent a company prepared  to take risks in the Kootenay Lake  country on' buildings, stocks, saw-mills,  mining machniery,  etc., at low rates.  FIR ST - CLASS  COMPANY  Offices���������105 West Baker Street, Nelson, K. ���������., and  McConnell Block, Water Street, Vancouver.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  fux'nitui'e. Pax-lor and bed-room sets x-anging in  price from $6.50 to $500. Hotels furnished thi'ough-  out. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, aixd woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail oi'dei's frora Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evaixs Bx'os. pianos and Doherty oi'gans.  MAIN STREET, REVELSTOKE, B. C.  Geo. E. R. Ellis, F.C.S.  Member of Society of Chemical Industry;  Author of''Practical Organic'Analysis,** of  "Tlie Iron Ores of tlie World,** Etc., Etc.  Expert   in   the   "BliicMrd"   Mining   Suit.  fV18SMirS9G   EXPERT   AND   CHESV18ST  NELSON,   B.  C.  REVISED   ASSAY   CHARGES.  Silver, Gold or Lead. ."'.........:.......... . .$!' 50  Copper. ;������:.-... ..:... ��������� .... 2 50  Silver and Lead   2 00  Silver, Gold and Lead. .,  2 00  Silver and Copper  3 00  Silver, Gold and Copper.  ���������_ 00  Silver and Gold.  2 00  Three samples for Silver or for Lead  3 50  Mineral properties managed and reported upon.   Interests of non-residents attended to.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  For MINERAL  CI-AIMS require to be published nine weeks in a newspaper other than the  British Columbia Gazette; their publication in THE  MINER, will cost the applicant FIFTY-FIVE CENTS a line.  Notice is hereby given that Duncan Gilchrist, Charles  Rossiter, and Frank Leslie Fitch have filed the necessary  papci's and made application for a crown grant, in favor of  a mincx'ai claim known as the "Union," situated in the  Hot Springs sub-division, Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to forwax'd their  objections to me within sixty days fx'om date of publica-  tioxx. G. C.; TUNSTALL, gold eommissionei\  Revelstoke, October 8th, 1890.  Notice is hereby givexx that the Revelstoke Mining Company has tiled the necessary 'papers and made application  for a crown grant in favor of the mineral claim known as  the United, situated in the Hot Springs camp, Kootenay  lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to ixie within 00 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, October 23rd, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that S. H. Cross, G. AV. Coplcn.  and E. E. Alexander have filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim, known as the Morning, situated on Toad mountain.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to file their ob-  jectioixs with me within 00 davs from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Nelson, November 10th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that James M. Buckley, Edward  J. Roberts, and William H. Jackson have tiled the necessary papers and made application for a crown gi-ant in  favor of a mineral claim known as the Arkansas, situated  in the Hot Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, ai-e notified to forward their  objections to nxe within 00 davs from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, October 23rd, 1890.  M___~������MMP_i___ffl__*Kwm__������___'_SffiB!_SB_a_B!_iawBB  K_s__n__s__������  ������s-____g____aw8____������___affliai  ������**-*>:*&->���������-*^  tJI 8  '-1  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,  B.G.,  SATUEDAY, NOVEMBEE 22^ 1890.  Main Street,  EEYELSTOKE  Railroad Avenue,  SI^OAT,  ���������v^_E3:oi____iis^_.x__e_ .ajntid betail  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  .Vernon and Josephine  SMALL :"NIJ������������BTS   OF   NEWS.  On Monday of last week miss Eska But lex*, a former resident of Ainsworth, died of typhoid fever at Whatcom,  Washington. Miss Biitier was a great favorite in Hot  Springs district, and leaves a father and mother to mourn  her loss. ':',= '���������  On the 12th instant at Tacoma, Washington, miss Ada V.  Sutton, youngest sister of mrs. G. B. Wright axxd mrs. A.  D. Wheeler of Ainsworth, was united in marriage to A. E.  Bull,; a Tacoma merchant. The ceremon3'* took place in  St. Luke's church, and is described by all the Tacoma  papers as being a swell affair���������the young couple having  the assistance of 6 groomsmen and 7 bi'idesmaids in  launching them on thejsea of matrimony.  The owners of the Ainsworth townsite do not propose to  let Balfour get away with the baggage of Hot Springs  camp, and propose to construct a crib wharf, south of tixe  present one, some 100 feet into the lake. It will be so built  that landings can- be made on either side, and will be  lax'ge enough to accommodate the steamers of both the  Hendryx and Mara lines.  Northern Pacific suryeyoi's have run 2 lines from Kootenay station to the Kootenay rivex*. One line strikes the  river at Sinclair's ranch,-3-miles below Bonner's Ferry, and  the other at Deep creek, 7 miles below the Ferry. Tixe engineer's are now retx'acing their steps, reducing the curves  and grades on the located lines. : s  The most important station on the Northern Pacific between Missoula, Montana, and Spokane Falls, Washington,  is Kootenay, Idaho, and nine-tenths of its business is to  and from the mining camps in British Columbia.  ^Michael Driscoll, esquire, of the Palace hotel at the  boxxndai'y line, is about starting a home for sea-sick female  travelex-s. Mx-. Driscoll is nothing if not public spirited,  and his pity for suffering humanity is becoming so well  known that even the down-trodden African does not hesitate to appeal to him for x'elief.  After putting in 6 months hard licks in dodging flying  rocks and aiding H. F. Keefer grade the east end of the  Columbia & Kootenay railway, Dan Dunn throws up the  sponge and declares his intention of taking a short vacation back at Ottawa, the Dominion's capital city. Mr.  Dunn says he intends x-eturning to Nelson in February.  The saw-mill at Pilot bay has started up, and is sawing  good lumber. Its owners have purchased 200,000 feet of  logs from Clxai'lcs Cx'ossman of Bonner's -Ferry, aud will  have them .rafted'-from, the head of the lake to the mill.  D. P. Kane, one of the employes, had a linger badly injured in the machinery, and was taken to Ainsworth on  Monday for medical attendance. cDr. LaBau amputated  the finger.  Pei'sonals:   Hugh Madden left today for his old home in  West St. Gabriel, Quebec.    After an absence of 20 years,  Hugh will find that the only people to take a lively interest  ixx him will be his father and mothei*, they alone remembering his good qualities and forgetting his bad ones when  an urchin on the old farm.    Henry Giegerich of Anaconda,  Montana, came in this week to look at his mining interests  in Hot Springs district.   He is one of A. D. Wheeler's partners, .and .the Krao and Skyline are 2 of their best-known  claims.     Speaking of the  wood   busiixess, mr. Giegerich  says the  wood company of which he is manager sent 85,-  000 cords of wood down a 15-mile flume this year, the yards  of the company being 4 miles below  Anaconda.     G. B.  Nagle is in Nelson on his way to Ainsworth to assume his  official duties as constable, mining recordei', and collector  of taxes.    Mr. Nagle will make a competent official, as lie  has already had experience at Donald.     Mr. and mrs. A.  I). Wheeler of Ainsworth.go out on  the next trip of the  Galena.    Mx*. Wheeler will return from Kootenav station,  and will join his wife later on.    They intend to spend the  winter in the east.     W. V. Hill of Winnipeg arrived in  Nelson this week, merely to see how his brothers Alf and  Wilson were getting along.    The Hill brothers are owners  of some of the best property in Winnipeg, as well as some  good property in Nelson.  Revelstoke Star, loth : P. M. Walker, Lochie McDonald,  Jack Evans, and Charles Holton are placer mining on the  Lardeaux. Two of them are sinking a shaft and the other  2 washing. They are believed to be doing well, and their  long stay in that locality is proof of it. Tney have some  nice coai'se gold on hand. A mr. Stobart is* washing by  himself not far from the above-named parties.  A Constable   Appointed at  Ainsworth.  Revelstoke Star, 15th: "It will be seen by the official  notice herein published that Gerard B. Nagle* has been appointed mining recorder and tax collector at Hot Springs  in place of Henry Andex-son, removed.   The Star eongi-at-  nlates that mining camp upon the change."  Evidently, the editor of the Star has it in for  '..'mr.. Anderson for depriving that left rib of the  Kamloops Sentinel of advertising patronage to  -which it was not entitled.    Mr. Anderson was  merely a commission mining recorder (that is,  he  received  a percentage  of the   fees  he  collected), and was not a salaried official, as the  Star  would  like  to make  it appear;  nor was  mr.  Anderson   "removed."     The  appointment  of a constable was asked for at Ainsworth, and  several candidates were in  the field for the appointment,  among  them  mr. Anderson.     The  people of Ainsworth  could  not, or would not,  agree  on   a resident of the town, and  the appointment went to mr. Na.gle, an outsider, who  was not a candidate, but who is in  every way  competent to perform, the duties of the office.  As the amount of business transacted at Ainsworth at present does not justify the appointment  of   a mining   recorder   and  collector   of  taxes, mr. Nagle  received  these appointments  also.    Mr. Anderson can turn over the books to  the new mining recorder with the satisfaction  of knowing that the  records are in good shape,  and with the full knowledge that he did more  than any other man  in  West Kootenay to rid  the district of an  official  whose acts were not  above suspicion.    Mr. Anderson is building up a  good    business    as, conveyancer   and    mining  broker, and no man in the province is more capable of giving claim-owners sound advice as to  the provisions of the Mineral Act.  Reports from tlie Big ISes_<l Placers.  Revelstoke Star, 15th : D. C. McGillivray and  Frank Lang have come in from French creek.  The Consolation company have been 4 days on  their- pay-streak, and were taking out about the  same that mr. Goodwin did last year. They  will not return this winter, Lang being troubled  with rheumatism and McGillivray complaining  that the air in the tunnel is becoming unhealthy  for his lungs. Hunker McDonald and the  China cook are still working. The Columbia  River hydraulic company on Smith creek is in  first-class condition, all parties satisfied with  ���������what the 7 men are doing. George Laforme  started from Revelstoke for Big Bend last Sunday with his pack train and 5. head of beeves,  which he brought in from Spallumcheen and  will slaughter to supply the camp.  TIME CHECKS LOST.  Three time checks, issued by Whitehead & McLean to  Charles  Stewart,  Robert Henderson, and ���������  Moore,  were lost before presentation. Payment on the checks  has been stopped. The finder will be suitably rewarded by  returning them to The Miner oflice, Nelson.*  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DRUGS,  PATENT  MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  CSGARS    AT   WHOLESALE    AND  Mail orders receive prompt attention  c (Late .9. K. Walsla)  Has now on hand Medicines,  Fishing Tackle, Stationery,  Clothing, Hats, and Sundries.  15 East -Saker Street, Nelson.  Tor Sale at THUKBUKFS a double-barrel 12-bore  FOWLItfG-PIECE-Damasciis twist.  H00YEE & OEADDOCE,  Nelson,  ������. ���������.  Dealers in all kinds of Farm Produce  Consignments of Fresh Fruit will be Received Weekly  from Spokane Falls.  GOOD CORRAL AND STABLING.  All accounts due and all bills against the late firm of  Cook & Hoover will be settled by the above firm.  DEALERS IN  GENTS'  FURNISHINGS,  Fancy and toilet goods, patent medicines, fruits, tobaccos.  cigars, stationery, etc.  Postoffice Store, Nelson, B. 0.  *___tn  NOTARY PUBLIC.  REAL ESTATE A  %  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   JSTo.13 East Baker Street, JTELS02T, B. 0.


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