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The Miner May 20, 1893

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 The Mines in  Kootenay are Among  the Richest in  America.  The Ores are  High-Grade in &old9  Silver, Copper,  and lead.  NUMBEE 150.  NELSON,  BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  MAY 20, 1893.  $4 A YEAB.  THE WORK NOW UNDER WAT  CLEARING- BEGUN ON TEEJtfELSON DIVISION  OF THE N. & P. S. EIGHT OF WAY.  The Long; Delayed Supplies arc Beginning to Arrive  ���������Contractor I.arson Gives an Outline of the  Present Condition of the Work and the Number  of Men to he Employed.  Contractor Larson, of the Nelson & Fort  Sheppard railway, has just returned from  Spokane. He was asked by a Miner reporter  as to the present condition of his railroad work.  "Well, I think," said he, " that I can safely  say that everything is rapidly getting into good  shape, Several carloads of our long delayed  supplies have .arrived, for which we are duly  thankful, or we can now proceed at once with  construction work as fast as the right of way is  cleared.  "The clearing will begin the latter end of  this week, as the first of next and from that  time on there will be no let up until the last  spike is driven. In order to finish the work  within the required length of time it will be  necessary to employ some 1,500 to 1,800 men.  Of these 600 to 800 will be at work all summer  between here and the summit. .  " As to the pay, the men will get $2.00 per  day, and a charge of-$5.25 per week will be  made for board. There will be no difficulty in  getting all the men we want. In fact, from the  number of applications at the other end of the  work I think they are already in the country.  You see many of the men who have subcontracts and station work have been with me  elsewhere, and they have more or less of an immediate following, so that everyone will have  men enough on hand to begin work as soon as  they get their camps in shape.  ". Personally, I nave none of the work reserved for myself, but will of course exercise a  general supervision over the entire line."  Out at the camp is a scene of bustle and activity on every hand. The tools and mechanical  supplies have been arriving for some days and  are being distributed along the line.as rapidly  as possible. Work shops and bunk houses are  being built, and the ring of the axe sounds like  a dropping lire from a skirmish line. Actual  construction has been delayed during the past  few davs owing to the rain making it necessary  to get everything under cover as soon as possible. This part of the work is about completed,  aun from now on Contractor McLean's first ten  miles will be made to hum.  The much sought after beef contract was finally awarded to Hull Bros., the Calgary and  Kamloops cattle men. They expect to do quite  a local trade in connection with the filling of  their contract, as it will be very easy to add a  few more head to each shipment required for the  use of the railroad gang. .  With from 600 to 800 men working steadily  all summer right at the doors of Nelson, and  the usual extra number that will be shifting  about, in coming and going during all that time,  the result will undoubtedly be a very satisfactory increase in business generally.  Latest News from Duncan.  Mr. C. Hamber who is just down from Duncan  city reports that the trail is. now through from  Argenta to the east side of Hauser lake opposite  Duncan city. The time over to the lake from  Argenta is now only about three hours. The  water in the river is now so high as to render  any any attempt at navigation very unsafe.  Several outfits have been swamped during the  past few days though fortunately so far none of  the accidents have resulted in the loss of life.  On the day before Mr. Hamber left 13 outfits  were counted passing up the lake by Duncan:  Two strikes of rich free milling gold ore were  reported from a point about 25 milesabove Duncan. The samples brought down were quite full  of specks and flakes of gold.  Almost all those who come into the country  now are taking the trail. Mr. Perry is building  a bridge over Grizzly creek as the water in it is  getting too high to ford and has swept the temporary bridge away. Piper and Co.'s pack  trains are making regular trips over the trail  and carry freight at 2������cents a pound.  A contract has just been let for the clearing  and grading of the two principal streets of the  town. Buildings are going up rapidly and the  indications generally are promising.  THE   SITUATION   AT   SAYWAED.  News from the Other End of the line���������Preparing to  Push Railroad Work.  Work at this end of the Nelson and Fort  Sheppard railroad is now well under way.  Several miles of station work have been sublet ; the wagon road has been pushed up Beaver  Creek for five miles from Saywaid, and many  parties of laborers have turned out. The contractors are now receiving the bulk of their  supplies,  and   in. addition  to   their  capacious  buildings, have erected an immense canvas  warehouse for stores. Bids for culverts and  round crib work on the first eight miles are now  under consideration.  Messrs. Hull &} Leeson, of Calgary, have secured the contract for the supply of meat, and  they will at once put in a large corral at the  south end of Say ward, so as not to pollute the  water supply of the town. The oxen will come  from their ranches in Alberta.  Sayward will be the terminal landing of the  C. & K. S. N. Company's boats on the Columbia  liver, as soon as the railroad line is completed  into the town ; the water below this point is  only navigated with great difficulty at all times  and the boats will shorten their run by 12 or 14=  miles, all freight to and from the States being  transhipped at Sayward.  Just  south  of    the  International  boundary  there is a choice and motley collection of American   roughs,   toughs,    and    gamblers ;    there  is no plotted townsite, but they are located promiscuously on.old placer claims, and expect to  transact  a  rushing  business with their fellow  countrymen laboring on the railroad, and. who,  they imagine, must resort thither after pay day  for rest and recreation.    Their wholesome and  well-grounded   fear   of   the    promptness    and  severity  of British law keeps them where they  are, and every effort will be made to keep this  camp  orderly and  law-abiding.      The issue of  licenses will  be  carefully  looked into,   and no  saloon,   gin  mill,   or   gambling   dive   will   be  tolerated" for  a  moment.     Properly equipped  hotels, however, will no doubt be duly licensed  in sufficient numbers.  As the contractors are not selling stores to  outside parties storekeepers will have a good  show to make money.  Messrs. Kirk & Ritchie's contract for the survey o^the townsite will shortly be completed.  Mr. Ritchie is expected here daily to finish the  work already commenced under his instructions.  W. R. Poulton is doing a heavy business at  the Sayward Hotel, and Messrs. Allen & Mad-  den's hotel, 30x40 feet, containing 14 bedrooms,  is approaching complation.  Mr. Perrott, the building contractor, has his  hanps full, having contracts for three other  buildings.  IN   COUNTY COURT  CIRCLES  JUDGE    SPINKS    DISPOSES    OF   MATTEES  SPEEDILY-DALY GETS TWO YEAES,  The .Dispute over the Ownership of the Best ClaiTa  opens with an.Extensive Argument on JTurisdic-  diction. A case which involves some nice Points  in Partnership location of Claims.  Justice Spinks opened the county court here  yesterday.    The case of R. Forrester Daly held  on several  charges of embezzlement from the  Bank of British Columbia was. speedily disposed1  of as the   prisoner was  only arraigned on one  charge that of embezzling $350 from one Neeley.  In this case the money was deposited by Neeley  who received a  deposit receipt from Daly, but  the money   did not find   its way   into the bank  coffers.    John   Elliott  who   appeared   for   the  prisoner, Daly, entered a plea of guilty  and elected trial   under speedy  trials   act.    The prisoner had   practically   been   sentenced  to three.  years, but on   the pleading   of council   the sen- -  tence was cut down to two years in the penitentiary. J. H. Bowes appeared for the prosecution.  The case involving the ownership  of the Best  mine and others Of that group  came up in the'  court today.    The  defendants Mr.  Agnew et al  claim that an agreement between them and-the :  defendants  Mr.  Hughes et al, was made to the  effect that the latter were  to prospect for and v  locate claims in which there should  be an equal  interest.    That such claims  have been   located  and the further conditions not complied with.  On the other hand Mr. Hughes claims that the  other party failed to put up the requisite amount  of money  at the right time to entitle them to  any share   in the   property.    The   time of   the  court was largely occupied in hearing argument  on behalf of both sides as to jurisdiction  of the .  court in such cases.    The court was of the opinion that the case should  go up  to the  supreme  court.    It was finally decided to proceed  with  the case  until   evidence was   reached   showing  that an amount greater than $2500 was "involved ���������  in which  event the  case is to  be ordered  up to ���������  the higher court.    The remainder  of the afternoon was consumed in hearing  the  evidence of  Mr. Agnew.    The plaintiffs are  represented by  Messrs.   Elliott   and Glass  and   the defense by  Messrs. Bowes aud McLeod.  Are Mafeiisg Kcttcr Time.  The Columbia and  Kootenay  steam   navigation company aie  perfectiug as rapidly  as possible a series of arrangements which will tend to  greatly   improve   the   traffic on   the Columbia'  river and the Kootenay lake.    Tables of running-  time are being systematized and better connec-.  tions are being made all round.    In a short time  things   will be   in   a   condition  to warrant the  bringing out of a new and vastly improved time!  table.  Heavy l>cvclopmcnt Work.  Trail creek will be one of the  busy camps this  summer.    N. P. Anderson is now  on his way in  to that place from  Spokane with men,  teams  and supplies to carry out his contract for development work on the Le Roi, Josie aud War  Eagle claims. The work must be completed by  September 1st and about 50 men will be worked  all summer to finish in time. If the results of  the developments are favorable the pyritic  smelter is a sure thing.  The grading on the railroad is near finished up  to the Pend d'Oreille river, and track laying is;  being pushed in order to land steel for the bridge  as soon as possible.  ifeE^^^ m  l$- :<"  I*  "1.  m  THE MINEE : NELSON,  B. C,   SATUEDAY MAY 20, 1893.  ������j  k* i  !;f>".L  111  1  J*  rtj  ii  R-  Thb Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-adyance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months $2.50, one year $4.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of ������3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches:  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  , must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Birth Notices free if weight of child is given; if  weight is not given $1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from $1 to $10���������according to the social 'standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing in good style at fair rates. Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  in stock.  A   VERY, SHORT SIGHTED POLICY.  Certainly the ways of Government are mysterious at times and past finding out except by  actual and generally costly experiment with  those unknown forces.  Some citizens of Nelson have recently passed  through an experience of Iiow the government  string which is tied to the pre-emption of land  can be drawn back, and the land with it.  It is known that it is possible as the law now  stands for the government to step in and put a.  reserve on any portion of the public lands no  matter how far the law has been complied with  in the process of acquiring individual ownership.  A beautiful example of this is noted elsewhere  in this issue. Dr. E. C. Arthur,-Wilson Hall  and Alfred Hall made a pre-emption of 160 acres  of land at the head of Slocan lake in October  1891. These gentlemen proceeded as rapidly as  possible to conditions of purchase required by  the land act. They spent some 45 days in clearing and putting things into shape.  In March 1892 the government happened to  glance its speculatiee eye over  that section and  a reserve was the result. One the pre-emption  were some 30 acres of good flat land and it was  to secure this that the 160 acaes were located.  The remainder is rough and so broken and hilly  as to be of almost no value.  Now notice carefully that the reserve has  been lifted off every portion of the land except  the level part, and if those who made their investments of time and rnoney on the place orr  iginally wish to recover part of their outlay they  can seek it in the barren hills around the fat  little slice which the government has taken possession of. How long will this continue until  citizens are afraid or unwilling to touch public  land at all.       :     ' . .    .     '   "..'���������..  NOT A FAIR INDEX.  The "Victoria Times and the Colonist are just  now engaged in a war of words over the comparative population of the Island and the Mainland. The Colonist has asserted that "The  number of children enrolled in the schools is in  this, as well as in every other country where a  public school system is in operation, as good an  index of the population outside of the census as  can be found. The Times takes the-matter up  and very justly says :  ������ If this doctrine be applied to the statistics in  British   Columbia some  rather strange results  will be obtained.      For instance, Cowichan has  230  school  children,  while   Cariboo,   Lillooet,  East Kootenay have only 211 among them, all  told.     Will the Colonist venture to assert  that  Cowichan  has  nearly as large a white population   as  these four districts.     Its effrontery is  great, but it is surely not equal to a contention  so absurd.   '* Again, Victoria District has 397  school children  and Esquimalt 148, while Yale  has 543.    Are we to believe that the two former  together have as large a white population  as  Yale ?   Yet that is the unavoidable  conclusion  if the  Colonist's peculiar dictum is  to  be accepted.    We need go no further in the way  of  showing the  ab3urdity of offering this school  children argument.      Premier Davie and the  Colonist  must suppose all the people of   the  province  to be as simple as [school children if  they expect it to have any weight.    The   Colonist's readers are  intelligent enough to know  that mining districts like parts of Yale, Cariboo  and  the  Kootenays  invariably  have a   much  smaller proportion  of children in their population   than   is  to  be found in  an  agricultural  region.      Miners  and prospectors   are   seldom  acompanied by large families. It' the conditions  under  which  the people live were the same or  nearly the  same,   all  over the  province, then  there  would  be some basis for the Colonist's  contention,   but there is, in fact,   a  very wide  divergence.    If proper allowance is   made for  the  difference  in   pursuits  it  will be seen that  the equality in  the numbers of school children  enrolled on the Island and the Mainland really  indicates  a greater number  of adults on  the  Mainland.      Therefore, when the Colonist asks,  ." Do these figures indicate that there is a large  pieponderence of  white people  on, the Mainland ?" the answer, truthfully given, must be in  the  affirmative.     The Times  would  most  assured like to believe that the Island's population  is  equal to that of the Mainland, but the facts  are plainly against such a belief.  The whole matter hinges upon the fact that  government scarcely ever in any country takes  the trouble to sufffcient.lvinform itself as to the  conditions and needs of remote districts so long  as they fail to  carry sufficient population to  make them valuable for political purposes.     In  sections  of the country where everything is in  process  of  being carved from   the   rough   as  nature left it, the number of adult male inhabitants  must  necessarily be  largely in excess as  compared  with  older communities.     Yet notwithstanding this   most ideas of legislating for  these  new  places seems .to  be based only on  observations   of   the   conditions   which    exist  entirely away from  the.districts affected, and  where there is but little in common.  The projected visit of Premier Davie, which  is noticed elsewhere, will be hailed by all as a  a new step in the right direction.  Come up and let us have a chance to talk to  you, Mr. Premier.    It will do us all good.  CHICAGO'S HIGHWAYMEN.  Prices for-launches. Migh Enough to Put to Shame a  Mining Camp.  Those who are given to occasionally objecting  to prices charged in new mining communities  far away from the base of supplies should be  interested in the following from an exchange:  At the Fair grounds  in  Chicago   monopoly  covers everything.    The right to sell food and  drink has been farmed out to those who charge  the most extortionate prices, and no waiter will  move without his " tip."   Notice is served that  the States having displays of fruit must not  give the fruit away, since this would infringe  the rights of vendors. All the benches that  were placed in the grounds some time ago have  been removed, and the only chance for tired  persons to sit down is to hire a stool at 10 cents  for a limited period, or pay 75 cents an hour for  a  rolling chair.  To the credit of the newspapers of Chicago, it  must be said that one and all they are waging  war. on this greed and extortion. The Tribune  has printed pages of matter, giving the names  of persons and places notorious for extortionate  methods. The Mail denounces the removal of  the bencnes from the park. The Post advises  every self-respecting man and woman to take  their luncheon basket with them and not be  ashamed to flaunt economy, good sense and  independence in the face of extortion. The  Journal publishes bills showing that luncheon  accounts that should only be 25 cents are $1.50,  and those that should be no more than 50 cents  often run up to $3.50.  Ail  the newspapers plead with  the restaur-'  anteurs  and others to suppress   or moderate  their greed,  and not bring permanent disgrace  on the name of Chicago.  HOSPITAL DIEE0TOES ELECTED  The Executive Will he������ Elected a������a Meeting MoKIeii  This  Evening.  The meeting of the Hospital subscribers was  convened in the Board of Trade room this  afternoon, Dr. E. C. Arthur presiding, with  George A. Bigelow secretary.. The following  directors were elected to serve till January,  1895:-    - o  a J-_A-Turner, Geo. A. Bigelow, T. M. Ward,  A. J. Marks, Harold Selous, J. H. Mathewson.  E. E. Phair, W. J. Wilson, John L. Retallack,  Robert Yuill, G.O.Buchanan, Frank Fletcher  were elected directors for the short term ending  January, 1894.  The Board then adjourned till eight o'clock  this evening, when an executive, consisting of  a president, vice-president secretary and treasurer are to be elected.  IiBTTIiE XOCAL CHAPTERS.  In.  Which   Everyone  is   Mane Acquainted with the  Movements of Everybody Else.  Geo. W. Richardson has returned from Lardo.  J. E. Miller, of Vancouver, is in this city in  connection with inland revenue matters.  J. R. Bealey, of Kaslo has tendered his resignation as a member of the South Kootenay  Board of Trade.  The meeting of those interested in the institution of a local lodge of the Knights of Pythias  will be held in the Oddfellows' hall on Tuesday  evening.  Secretary George A.^Bigelow has rented  a'  room in the Houston block as a Board of Trade  room.   He is also making arrangements to have  the room handsomely furnished.  Dr. Titus of Spokane has secured the position  of medical director of the Larson construction  company. He Jias made overtures to Dr.  Rogers of Kaslo to assist, him in his work. He  will station himself in Nelson.  HE SUBSCRIBER HAS IN STOCK  or en route from the Coast :  1 Carload Glass, Paints and Oils.  2 Carload Sash and Doors,  2  Carload Dry Clear Bir Blooriiig, 4 inch,  1 Carload Dry Clear, Bir Ceiling, 4 inch,  I Carload Bactory  Cedar,  An   Imine?ise   Stock ojr  Common Lumber,  Shingles, Laths, Mouldings, Etc:,, as usual.  G. O.  Kootenay Lake Sawmill9  NELSON AND KASLO.  Will shortly appear in a?i e?ila?ged  form,    and   will   have   a   staff  oj  correspondents      representing    every  point i?i the Kootenay Country.  The fullest and latest accounts 0/  Mining a?id Mining Operations  in the fa??ious West Kootenay  Country will be reco?'ded. Ii  THE MDTEE:  KELSON, B. C,  SATUEDAY MAY 20, 1893.  ^  ���������^      J?1*?1���������+-  ������a^���������������������������m*  ^ ^������z^ Railzvay  under Construction.  Buy before the Market rises in the Railway  Centre and Seat of Government of  IVest Kootenay.  Choice Building and Residence Property.  REBATE ALLOWED FOR THE ERECTION OF GOOD BUILDINGS  Also Lots for Sale   in   NAKUSPl  DAWSON and ROBSON.  Apply for Prices, Maps, etc., to  FRANK FLETCHER, Land Commissioner C. & K. Ry. Co., Nelson, B.C  GET YtiUE QUESTIONS EEADY.  Premier  I>avie Ahou. to Visit this   Section for the  Purpose of Discussing Mining" Matters.  From information received from the Coast it  seems quite probable that within... the near  future the inter-mountain mining regions of  this country will be honored by a visit from  Premier Davie.  The object of the visit so far as can be learned  is for the purpose of gathering general information regarding matters in this part of the country, and to make something of a personal study  as to the immediate needs of the people in the  way of assistance in opening up the country.  " Part of the programme will insure a series of  public meetings, during which 'full discussion  regarding the recent changes in the . mining  laws will be invited, and an endeavor made to  get at the opinions of those most nearly interested as to the utility of those changes.  Now this would appear like the '��������� long felt  want." A great many people, chiefly, it is  painful to state, practical mining men, tiave expressed opinions regarding these amendments  in terms of playful irony. Some have even  gone so far as to say that these amendments  shows plain croppings which would indicate  that they were framed by a set of men who  would not know a cross cut from a dump.  Here then is an opportunity for these scoffers  to receive answers to the many questions which  they have been asking each other ever since the  amendments became law.  LITT1.E EOCAL CHAPTERS.  In   Which   Everyone  is   Made Acquainted with the  Movements of Everyhoely Else.  Frank Heap is down from the Big Jam on the  Duncan river. He reports lively times in that  place, which now boasts of a hotel and store,  the latter belonging to Mr. Heap.  Contractor Larson is in town again, having  returned from Spokane.  Chester Glass, of Spokane, is in Nelson yet.  He is probably about the only member of the  legal profession here who is murmuring at the  " law's delay." He has casually mentioned  several times that he would like that County  Court to sit some time during the present  century.  INDSSPENSABL!  Messrs.  Kirk <fe  Ritchie,  Dominion & Provincial  Land Surveyors,  NelKon,  B.C.,  Have published   in  pocket  form an  M.ny claims were taken up     ABSTRACT    OF  last year by parties unable W.B  to make the improvements  required by law.  These will  lapse one year after date of  record.     Doubtless many of  t iese claims will be found to  be very valuable, and there will be a rush to restake them  when they lapse.  The publication gives the date of record, name of locator  and a description of each claim.  The cost of getting the above information respecting  one single claim from the Slocan Recorder's office would  be greater than the price of this.book.  The Price has been lowered to $2.00.  Apply to Messrs. GILKER & WELLS, Nelson,  Or to Messrs. RICHARDSON & BEALEY, Kaslo.  (Incorporated by Royal Charter, 1862.)  CAPITA Ii (pawl mp), ������6������������50������0   .    $3,920,000  (With power to increase.)  RESERVE FUNK,   ������2������������900������     .    .       1,2.65,333-  - irsriEiLSOirsr bra^toh-  Victoria, B. C, '    San Francisco, California,  Vancouver,. B. C, Portland, Oregon,  Now Westminster, B.C.,   Seattle, Washington,  Nanaimo, B. C, Tacoma, Washington.  Kamloops, B. C.  HEAD OFFICE: 60 Lombard street, LONDON, England.  AGENTS AND CORRESPONDENTS 5  CANADA���������Bank of Montreal and branches;  Canadian Bank of Commerce and branches  Imperial Bank of Canada and branches;  Commercial Bank of Manitoba ; and  Bank of Nova Scotia.  UNITED STATES���������Agents Bank of Montreal, New Yon_;  Bank of Montreal, Chicago.  CAPITAL (all paid aap), $12,000,000  ���������     REST,        .       . . 6,~������������������,0������0  Sir DONALD A. SMITH, ' President  Hon.  GEO. A. DRUMMOND, '.. .Vice-President  E. S. CLOUSTON, General Manager  kelson Branch:   23". W. Cor. Baker and Stanley Sts..  . Branches in London (England),, New- York and Chicago  and in the principal cities in Canada;  Buy and sell sterling exchange and cable tranfers;  Grant commercial and travelers' credits, available in any  part of the world ;  Drafts issued; Collections made; Etc.  G  Rate of interest at present 3������ per cent.  SAVINGS DEPARTMENT.  On icnd after 1st January next the rate of ��������� interest on  deposits will be'31- per cent, until further notice.  9  %k   _P  NELSON,  B.C.  Plasterer,   Bricklayer and  Stone-Mason  Contracts  taken  for work  at  all   points   in  West Kootenay.  G. W. RICHARDSON  Nelson, B.'���������. ���������  fig. J. REAREY  I4������glo, B. ���������.  EXCHAEDSON & BEALEY  Real Estate and Mining Brokers.  General   Founders,   Engineers,   Boiler   Makers,   and   Manufacturers   of   All  Classes of Machinery.     Sawmill and Marine Work a Specialty.  SOLE   MANUFACTURERS    OF   THE,  Kendall Band Mill, B. 0. Shingle Machines, Steam  Log Hauling Machines.  We keep in stock a full supply of Engineer and Mill Supplies, such as Pipe and Fittings, Brass Goods, Sheet and other  Packing Rubber Valves, Rubber and Leather Belting, Oils, and Lubricants, etc.  HOISTING ENQINES AND  SINKING- PUMPS FOR MINES.  Corner Alexander Street and Westminster Ave., VANOOUVEE, B. 0.  ,f J. W. CAMPION,  Agent West Kootenay.  Secretary-Treasurer.  er  77*73  -������WIT^^^WT^^ f  w  %.  lilr'  15* .*  _r^  ���������41 -  1$:  1  Si*  (��������� * _!  I  THE MBTEE : KELSON, B. Q.,  SATUEDAY MAY 20, 1893.  Jjjsg^sjg^  ^^^^^^^^^^SJ["  i^_^__3{^^^_3^^_^Sy__r)^B^  A portion  of the Townsite is bein  surve  wi  on  arket shortly.  Those desiring Lots should communicate with the Syndicate having  the Townsite in hand.  ress :  m   m   w  anasfer,  ____a_^__aa_iafiis^^  M������MMa*MIMJa"''������'"������ ih_m^hiiuim���������i  , 1  i if.  If. - I-  V THE MINER : NELSON,  B. 0.,  SATUEDAY MAY 20, 1893.  M^  ������  ������:  :������  The Distributing Point for the Duncan G-old Pieldsand Great Silver Ledges of Lardo  District. A Wagon-Eoad to Argenta at Head of Kootenay Lake isundef Construction. A Trail will shortly be Constructed from Duncan to the centre of the!  'Lardo Mines. Beautifully Situated. Level Land. The Only Point on Upper  Kootenay Lake.  in on  e  ance in to  *a  iys,  X     X     X      X      X      X  xxxxxxxx  X      X      X      X    X    X  n=������  Z������  M^SC  The only  nt o:  rimmen  e Upper  s avoiding th  Construction from this Point to the foot  e, Connecting Duncan with this Town.  ~uncan  s.  e Lower  ootenay Lake seven  A  /_  9-  Bor further Information as to Prices for Lots, Terms, etc, Apply to  :\.:\   -���������*'.:���������"%*������  '^ *-'���������'&'<*'''���������:  Mii:M\  mwm  \  !������_fii__Wi_IIM_ii^^ ________  M  til'  ���������;fe  1-1:  r-t,  1$  I  I'.'fi  i  c?'  THE MINEE: NELSON.  B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  MAY 20,  1893.  DUNCAN RIVER GOLD FIELDS  JL  HE EUSH TO THE tfEW ELUOEADO PAIELY  COMMENCED AND IS IFOEEASETG- DAILY  A Correspondent of TIic Miner ������escriJbes in GrapSaic  I>jing;58������_:e Scenes tUat Rival tlic^ Famous " E&Jiy.s  ol* ������49"' in California, ������r tlae Uusu to Carifooo a  a Few Years .Later.  The wave of excitement is fast settling on the  Duncan River district, and the prospector,  capitalist, tenderfoot, tinhorn gambler and general roustabout are working their, way up to  the Eternal snows in every craft known to man  since the days when the Ark staked a location  on Mount Ararat.  Dug outs, square-ended punts, Peterborb'  boats and canoes, home-made craft of various  design and unlike anything else on top of the  earth or anywhere else, are being towed, poled,  pushed, carried and dragged up the turbulent,  boiling,' log-jammed Duncan, with ail the vim  of stout.arms and promiscuous profanity.  The s.hore of Hauser' or Upper Kootenay Lake  around Duncan City is covered with tents,  brush camps, boats, canoes, and the aforesaid  nondescript conveyance, and the dash of pole  and paddle and splash of oar goes on merrily  from early dawn to dewy eve���������each and all  intent on making a strike arid trying who can  reach the Ultima Thule���������the very highest point  inland���������albeit the snow is still two feet deep on  the upper flats of the Duncan River, and. of  nearly immeasurable depth on the mountains. .  Still up and on they go, the old man of seventy  . side by side with the lad of sixteen.  In the night time numerous camp fires shine  out all along Hauser Lake, the white tents dotting its shores, giving the idea of an inland  summer resort. A little steamer will shortly  churn the waters into foam and awaken the  mountain echoes with-its whistle. f  The Duncan Rivei has an average width of  200 feet, and from the outlet at Kootenay Lake  to its head at Beaver Lake, is some eighty or  ninety miles in length. From Kootenay to  Hauser Lake, some fourteen miles, the numerous log jams and rapid current render navigation difficult, tedious and dangerous. In flood  time, about the middle of June, this portion of  the Duncan becomes well-nigh impassable. The  seething mass of 'water .spreads over the low  banks of the river and rushes and roars among  the trees. Poling is almost an impossibility. A  full week has been taken over this bad water at  this season, and numerous shipwrecks'attest the  difficulties and danger.  All this is now happily avoided by a good  horse trail from the head,of Kootenay Lake,  which, starting at the townsite of Argenta,  reaches smooth water in eight miles, at Duncan  City. Through Hauser Lake, ten miles to the  north end of the lake, then ten miles moie of  river to the log jam, and first portage. This  point is really the head of decent navigation on  the Duncan, although canoes go.up eight miles  farther to East Fork, and some a few miles  beyond to the canon. The waters of these upper  reaches are. very swift, and the frequent portages prevent useful or profitable means of  transit for light loads and the lightest of the  crafts.  Hauser, or as  it is incorrectly called on the  Government  maps,   Upper Kootenay Lake, is  about as pretty  a little sheet of water as one  can find anywhere.    It  is some  ten miles long  by 1 to 1_- miles  wide,   with its bold shore outline,    of "timbered   bluff   and   background   of  serrated snowy peaks reflected in the deep blue  of its waters, it is very hard to beat in the way  of sylvan beauty.      At its' southern end, on its  east shore,   a flat timbered bench juts into the  lake, forming with its curved sandy foreshore a  miniature Bay of Naples.    The view from  this  flat,  known  as   Duncan   City   is   charmingly  pretty.   North and east lie the timbered slopes,  SECURE  THEM  AT  TURNER  BROS'.  Music Store.  Daily Papers arriving  Every Mail.  ESTABLISHED 1S85.  Manufacturer and Importer  of all Grades of  ea   a  a a a  (Notary Public.)  Mining and Eeal Estate  Auctioneer and Commission Agent,  REPRESENTING  The Confederation Life Association, the Phcenix Fire  Insurance Company, and the Provident Fund Accident  Society ; also the {Sandy Croft Foundry Company, near  Chester, England, makers of all kinds of mining machinery, air compressors, rock breakers, stamps, etc.  Mb.   1,  JOSEPHINE  STEEET,   KELSON, B. 0.  Lots for Sale in  Carpets, Oilcloths, Linoleums,  "Window Shades, etc.  WHOLESALE   ONLY.  21-23   CORDOVA   STREET,  rr .    .        _, VANCOUVER, B.C.-  Telephone o2. '  Double  Dressed,  Single   Dressed,  Adjoining the government townsite of Nelson  AT $125 AED TJPWABDS  With a rebate for buildings erected.   The best residential  property in Nelson, values sure to increase.   Apply  W. A. Jowett, agent for" Nelson and district,  or Innes & Richards, Vancouver, B.C.  W.  A.  JOWETT,  Mining & Eeal Estate Brokers, Auctioneers & Commission Agent.  JOSEPHINE STREETS, NELSON, B.C.  SHIPLAP,  CEILING,  .  |  LATHS,  RUSTIC,  FLOORING,  SHINGLES,  ALL DIMENSIONS  OF  ROUGH     LUMBER.  Having  bought the stock of the."���������  Davies-Sayward Sawmill Co'y.   I  am prepared: to   furnish  builders  with Lumber of the above lines.  SPECIAL   RATES   TO  '<BUILD!NG, CONTRACTOR!  orne   r Lake and Ward Sts.,   Nelson, B.C.  Jas. McDonald & Co.  Kelson and Kevelsftolte,      ���������  carry full lines of all kinds of furniture for residences,  hotels, and offices.   Mattresses made to order, and  at,prices lower than eastern and coast.  They are also agents for  Evans Pianos and .Doherty Organs.  NELSON  STORE:  _fo.:4 Houston ������& Inl������ Building, Josephine. Street..  JUST ^REIVED  At ��������� Eobson..  Juljk  PROPRIETORS.  First I\yC of the Seasoi<i  Lmporied and Domestic Cigars, Etc.  HUDSON'S BAY C0MPT  BAKER STREET,   NELSON.  AGENTS FOR  Hiram Walker & Son's,      and      Fort Garry Flour Mills,  HAY AND  GRAIN" FOR SALE.  Omnibus and carriages to and from all trains and steamboat wharves. Saddle and. pack animals for hire. Freight  hauled, and all kinds of job teaming attended, to.  Stable on Baker Street.   Office with Wilson & Perdue.  Limited,  Manitoba.  Address, Nelson  or Kaslo, B. C.  ISTELSON",     JB. O.  Office ;   Victoria Street.  g|ig|������|^ c^T^vT?-'.^ ���������  H--WI     Finn  _o V" THE:MMEK.:  ffELSON, -B. 0.,  SATURDAY MAY 20, 1893.  and the giant snowy peaks of the Duncan river  gold range, the blue tinted lake reflecting the  varied imaeferv of its shores. To the west the  valley of the Lardo, and its hills with their  perpetual snows, the river winding like a silver  ribbon through canon and rocks ; to the south  the great Kootenay Lake and the delta of the  Duncan, picturesque meadow land and wooded  slopes.  The shores of Hauser Lake are generally  abrupt, and with the exception of Duncan City  fiat there is no level land along its borders.  The great divide between the Lardo silver  ledges and the Duncan gold fields narrows  almost to a point some four miles below Hauser  Lake. It is only one mile from Duncan City to  the Lardo river, a natural pass about one  hundred feet above the lake affords an easy  means of communication with Healey Creek  and the Trout Lake country. This route has  been explored and a trail will be commenced  within a week to connect the Lardo and Duncan mining grounds. This, in connection with  the trail now made from Argenta on Kootenay  Lake, will ensure a ready means of access to  either camp at any season of the year, between  Healey Creek camp in the Lardo country and  the Duncan River valley and Kootenay Lake.  It  may  be somewhat  premature  to make a  prediction  as  to  the future of the Lardo silver  rinds and  the Duncan   gold   prospects.      One  thing  is  certain,   it  has  been established that  rich ledges exist.    Already rock assaying $23 in  free gold has been discovered on Duncan town-  site, and other prospects, varying from $1100 of  the Golden Eagle to  $500 on the Hauser Creek,  attest the unmistakable richness of the Duncan  gold fields.    Color can  be found in every creek  emptying   into the     river,   and   good   placer  ground  has  been  located On  the mainstream  and some of its tributaries.     In   the Lardo section  rich  discoveries  were made last season in  silver, and from the fact that many prominent  officials  of ,the Canadian   Pacific railway and  several M.P.'s are interested  in that country it  will  undoubtedly  be well prospected this year.  Altogether, we can confidently predict a season  of.great success, and despite the late spring and  very hard winter, West Kootenay will make, as  it already has in  the  Slocan, another world's  record of wonderful discovery in 1893���������gold in  the Duncan and silver in the Lardo.  Vr  j__22J-  &  1  P.  ���������K  :*  Now assured to Nakusp by the immediate construction of the Nakusp & Slogan  Kail way, which will start at Nakusp and end at the Forks of Carpenter Creek,  directly in the centre of the Slocan Mines.  ROUTE   CAN   POSSIBLY   COMPETE  Thirty-five miles of railway from Nakusp will tap the wrhole of the mines of the  Slocan District, and the Ores are bound to come out by the Natural Gateway,  via Nakusp to the general welfare and prosperity of the Province.  A Provincial Railway Charter and Subsidy and a Dominion Railway Charter  have been obtained for the Nakusp & Slocan Railway, and the Canadian Pacific  Railwny Company have entered into an agreement to lease and operate the railway for twenty-five years. There can be no doubt as to the importance of  Nakusp���������the Gateway of the Slocan Country either from the North or South,  and the principal shipping and distributing point for all the district tributary to  Slocan Lake.  er  ARCHITECT   AND    SUPERINTENDENT,  Plans, Specifications, and :Detail  Drawings Furnished.  Josephine Street, near Baker Street, Nelson, B.C.  Nelson Hotel Restnarant  Now in contemplation, consequent on the definite settlement of the Railway  question. The Nakusp & Slocan Railway will be built with a rush  right into the heart of the Mines. See Wardner's and other experts' estimates  of the production of Slocan Mines in the press. All this now assured is directly  tributary to the Nakusp & Slocan Railway.  BE   PUT' OSM   THE   IVSARKET  on   April 20th at  old prices,   but  will  be advanced 20%  on  May  1st.  G-eneral Agents,  VmGom&ry'B.G.  A carefully prepared menu, under the supervision of a  first-class chef.     Sunday dinner at six o'clock.  DURKIN & LYALL, Proprietors.  lf.  Physician, Surgeon, and Accoucheur,  E. 0. 0ARPEFTEE, Manager.  Telephone 45.  Office :   Stanley and Victoria Streets  TWO   NEW  FIRE-PROOF   SAFES  ( J. & J. Taylor.)  Can be seen at the C.P.R. Freight Shed.  For further particulars apply to  C.   HAMBER,  Local Agent for J. &. J. Taylor Safe Works  R. 0. Campbell-Johnston  (of Swansea, India, and the United States.)  All the principal mines in Slocan District can be reached  in from two to seven miles from this hotel, which is  located at Three Forks on Carpenter creek.  The Dining Room is under the immediate superienten  dence of Mr. C. Bowen, formerly of Windsor hotel of  Butte, Montana, "and the Rogers' hotel, Missoula  who will see to it that the cuisine of the Three Forks  is not excelled by that of any other hotel in West  Kootenay.        ^   Special Kates for Weekly Boarders.  Private Jftooms for Transient Quests.  There is no law against wearing  RESTAURANT AND LUNCH COUNTER  Meals at all IKours  of the  Bay and  Night.  15-4-tt "   ��������� '���������  Cold and Hot Luncheon.  Now ready for business.  One and all, call and see mo.  BEN EDINGTON, Proprietor.  RG1ST,  AND   FINING   ENGINEER.  Properties reported on. All assays undertaken. Fur-  naoes and concentrating plants planned and erected.  Treatment for ores given. Ores bought and sold. Box  731, Yancouver, B. C.   Terms cash.  Spring   Suitings,  Overcoatings  Pan tings,  et,  We  carry  a    complete  stock. Prices moderate.  And you will get a good  fit,   which you  seldom  get when  you  purchase Ready made Clothing  from Eastern dealers who profess to make your  Suits to order.  FRED. J-SQUIRE,  Merchant Tailor, Baker Street, Nelson, B.C.  W. M. MACKINNON, 0. E.  (Ass. Mem. Inst. C. E.)  "Water Supply, Irrigation, Water  Power,   Bridges  Structural Iron Work, Etc.  Office corner Homer and Cordova sts., 183-tf  VANCOUVER. B. C.  o   ^7".   buse:_  Assoc. M. Inst. C. E., M. Can. Soc. C. E.  PROVINCIAL ~i- LAND -i~ SURVEYOR;  B^HxIFOTjriR.   _3_   O.  Telephone Connection.  x_ii____.__T   uliela.  Plasterer and Bricklayer  Will contract for all kinds of work.   Materials furnished  and estimates given for work in any town in  Kootenay Lake Country.  lilME   F������K   SA1LE  At Nelson and Pilot Bay or delivered at any point on  the lake in any quantity.   Address P.O. box 47, Nelson.  ������������_^������^^^  ^^T^^n^^rm^rrw Bat!**"**������c*SWk<a__M'_������__tf___^  waNH___A_rt_������B___vvbtf������  *.Biwi mma* jit-Jtiua  j v  :  ft.'  IS  bhy  w  I1 _;  I  ��������� _ s  mi -  i.  THE  MIrTEE:  KELSOff.   B.   0���������  SATUEDAY,  MAY 20,   1893,  A COMPAEATIVE AKQITMENT  ITPOE WHICH PEEDIOTIOITS AS TO BEITISH  COLUMBIA'S GEOWTH IS BASED.  A  Glance at the Record of the Past���������Br. I>awson's  tihle Outline of liis Reasons for Believing in the  Superiority of this Region as Compared with  those further South.  It is quite probable that at no time in the history of British North America has the attention  of the civilized world been so closely directed to  any particular portion   of that  vast area as it  "' now is to the mining regions~6f British,Columbia.    The history of mining industries in North  America contains many wondrous chapters, the  opening ones  of which  are  lost  in   the  mists  that   cling along the  rugged,  ranges   of   Old  Mexico,   but  it is safe to say that no   brighter-  one has been written than that  which  British  Columbia is just beginning to spread over the  records.  Starting  with  the  discovery  of placer gold  along the tributaries of the Fraser river in 1857  a'glance down  the record shows  successively  <      Cariboo, Omenica, and Cassiar, from which for  years poured forth a steady stream of  " yellow  dust," running higher and higher into the millions.    This stream was only checked when the  bed rock receded to such depths below the surface as to  make it impossible to dispose of the  water which filtered  clown through the  loose  ,   overlying material.  Fortunately^at a time when, having enriched  * the world by the addition of some $50,000,000 in  gold, these regions began to decline, the extending of rail connection with the far east, through  another part of the province opened a new  section, which along different lines bids fair to  eclipse even the old brilliant record..  Beginning in 1SS6 with the chance discovery  of the Silver King, the fame of which brought  hundreds eager prospectors, rich in the experience gained in many a "lead camp," from  Mexico to Montana, the discoveries have leaped  from point to point like a forest fire', and still  continue to spread widely and rapidly.  The old lead camps had in many instances  yielded only enough by hard toil to pay for  running when silver by some vagaries of the  market was " up," and were often closed down  or worked at a loss when a fall of a few points  in silver cut them off. What wonder then that  they have eagerly turned to follow the fortunes  of a section where silver might go down to 50  without shutting down anything.  The chief difficulty in the way of the rapid  development of the country has been the lack  of adequate means of transportation. Many of  the claims could only be reached by difficult  trails supplemented by wagon roads not. of the  best. Supplies have been difficult to obtain,  and still more has it been to ship anything like  a quantity of ore.  These difficulties are being overcome with an  energy and rapidity at once startling to the  casual observer and serving to convince the  world of the confidence felt in the ultimate success of this region by those who have given all  the circumstances their careful consideration  and are backing their judgment by the investment of their capital.  The coming twelve months will witness an  amount of railroad building throughout the  mining regions of British Columbia which in  itself will form a weighty argument as to  the  richness of the country which they are providing with transportation and outlets.  Of the ore bodies of this region Dr. George M.  Dawson, assistant director of the Geological  Survey of Canada, says in a paper read before  the Royal Colonial Institute, the proceedings of  which appear in the Western World for May :  ' Within about five years a very great number  of metalliferous deposits, chiefly silver ores,  have been discovered and claims taken out  upon them. Several growing mining centres  and little towns have been established ; roads,  trails and bridges have been made, steamers  have been placed on the Kootenay Lake and  the Upper Columbia river, and a short line of  railway has been built to between the lake and  the river to connect their navigable waters.  The immediate centre of interest in regard to  mining development in British Columbia has,  in fact, for the time being, almost entirely  changed from the principal old placer mining  districts to the new discoveries of silver-bearing  veins. So far as they have yet been examined  or opened up, the metalliferous deposits of the  Kootenay country give every evidence of exceptional value. They consist chiefly of argentiferous galena, holding silver to the value of  forty or fifty dollars to several hundred dollars  to the ton.  ���������3:-   *  *  Circumstances,, wThich have unfortunately for  the last few years retarded the development of  the Kootenay country, are now happily passing  away ; aud there can be no reasonable doubt  that in the next year or two this country will  establish its place as oiYe of the most important,  (Continued on next page.)  -RTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE     '  City of Kootenay Land and Improvement Company  (Limited Liability)  Intend to apply at the expiration of three months from  the first publication of this notice for an order-in-Council  changing the name of the said Company to " The  Kootenay Land and Improvement Company, Limited  Liability."  Dated this 11th day of April, A.J). 1893. :  BODWELL & IRVING,  Solicitors for the City of Kootenay Land and Improvement Company, Limited Liability. 146-13  LIQUOR   LICENSE   APPLICATION.  T\TOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THIRTY BAYS  Vi from date I intend to apply to the Gold Commissioner for a liquor license for my hotel, situate at  Kaslo, on A avenue. W. J. STEVENSON, Kaslo.  Nelson, B.C., April 18, 1S93. . , 14G-4  TIMBER .LICENSE   APPLICATION.  ���������YTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THIRTY DAYS  1M after date I intend to apply to the Honorable Chief  Commissioner of Lands and Works for ,a license to cut and  carry away timber on the folio wing'described land : On  the cast side of Slocan Lake, West Kootenay District.B.C,  viz.: Commencing at a stake placed 1������ miles south-east of  New Denver, thence 250 chains ; in a south-west course,  thence 80 chains in a westerly course, thence 250 chains in  a northerly course, thence 40 chains to the place of commencement, containing 1000 acres more or less.      '  S. M. WHARTON.  New Denver, B.C., October 4, 1892. 148-4  U������i  Thirty days from date I intend to apulv to the Gold  Commissioner for a license to sell liquor in a hotel situate  on the Government land 10 miles above the town of Lardo.  April 1, 1893. A. C. PEARSON.  A YOUNG MAN WITH FIFTEEN YEAR'S EXPERIENCE in business, and now manager of a first-class  general store in the N. W. T. wishes to communicate with  some live man who is willing to furnish half the capital  required to open up a store in some important town of  Kootenay, B.C.   Address J., care of The Miner.  LIQUOR LICENSE APPLICATION.  KOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THIRTY DAYS  from date I intend to apply to the Gold Commissioner  for a license to sell liquor at my hotel situate at the town-  site of Sayward. F. C. ALLAN  Nelson, April 25, 1893. 144-4  ���������������  NOTICE  KOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT SIXTY DAYS  after date I intend to apply to the Gold Commissioner  of West Kootenay District for permission to lease 1,000  inches of water for a period of 99 years, the water to be  taken from Carpenter Creek at a point 2_ miles from its  mouth. The water is to be used to supply the town of  New Denver and any additions thereto.  New Denver, April 20, 1893. 149-8   ARTHUR C. DICK.  HEALED TENDERS WILL BE RECEIVED BY THE  V undersigned up to noon of Wednesday, 31st May, 1893,  for the construction of a Courthouse at Nelson.  Plans and specifications can be seen at Record Office,  Nelson. '  N.  FITZSTUBBS,  149-3 Assistant Commissioner Lands and Works.  , . _Jl^^_Sg  EDUCATION OFFICE,  Victoria, May 3rd, 1892.  TVTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE ANNUAL  ���������*���������*    examination for certificates of qualification to teach  in the Public Schools of the Province will be held as follows, commencing on Tuesday, July 4th, at 9a.m. :���������  Victoria  In High  School   Building.  ��������� Vancouver In Central School Building.  Kamloops In Public School Building.  Each "applicant must forward a notice, thirty days before the examination, stating the class and grade of certi-,  ficate for which he will be a candidate, the optional subjects selected, and at which of the above-named places he  will attend.   -  Every notice of intention to be examined must be accompanied with a testimonial certifying to the moral  character of the candidate.  Candidates are notified that all of the above requirements must be satisfied before their applications can be  filed.  S. D. POPE,  .. 149-4 Superintendent of Education.  &&L  A  NOTICE.  NISI   PRIUS,  COURT   OF  ASSIZE,   NISI   PRIUS,   OYER AND  Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery, will be held ik  the Town of Kaslo, in the County of Kootenay, on Friday,  the 2nd day of June, 1893.  By Command,  - A. CAMPBELL REDDIE,  Deputy Provincial Secretary.  ProAdncial Secretary's Office,  ���������28 th April, 1893. 149-3  A     COURT  OF   ASSIZE,   NISI  PRIUS,   OYER AND  -"���������   Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery will be held at  the Town of Nelson, in. the County of Kootenay, on Tuesday, the 30th day of May, 1S93.  By Command,  A. CAMPBELL REDDIE,  Deputy Provincial Secretary.  Provincial Secretary's Office,  28th April, 1S93. 149-3  NOTICE.  mO   WHOM IT MAY CONCERN :  This is to warn the public against negotiating for Lots  25 and 26, Block 13, and Lots 1 and 2, Block 7, in the town-  site of Four Mile City, the agreement of sales being made  in the name of Benjamin H. Lee, as the same was obtained  without the consent of the original owners of the town-  site. JOHN HOUSTON & CO.,  Agents Original Owners.  Nelson, May 12th, 1893.' 149-4  f   I'.V"      Jll  i * ���������__ *  ��������� ������     -_-,!   ���������-1 __������ THE MDTEK :  JTELSON, B. 0.,  SATUEDAY MAY 20, 1893.  9  A COMPARATIVE ARGUMENT  (Continued from eighth page.)  not only in British Columbia, but in North  America as a whole. So far as England is concerned the actual capital invested in this district has been small. The English investor  would rather pay half a million for some property which, as demonstrated in a prospectus,  will produce a good annual rate of interest,  than embark a comparatively small sum in a  promising venture. But to a man with some  knowledge of mines and mining and the command of. even a limited amount of capital, who  will visit and live in the district himself for a  time, the opportunities for profitable investment are, I believe to-day, excellent.  *      -ir  , In conclusion I wish to draw attention to one  or two  ruling features  of the actual situation  which  are  too  important  to be   left   without,  mention:���������The    Cofdilleran    belt,    or   Rocky  Mountain region  of  Nbrth  America, forming  the  wide  western  rim  of  the continent, has,  \vhenever it has   been   adequately   examined,,  proved to be rich in  the precious metals as well  as  in other ores.- ; This  has  been   the case in  Mexico   and   in   the   Western   States   of   the  American union.    Though  some parts of   this  ore-bearing region are undoubtedly richer than  others, generally speaking it  is  throughout a  metalliferous country.    The mining of placer or  alluvial gold deposits has in most cases occurred  in   advance  of railway  construction ; but this  industry  has always  proved to be more or less  transitory in   its   character,   and   has  almost  always  been an indication of future and more  permanent developments  of a different kind.  Placer gold mining has, in fact, often been continued for years    and  then   abaudoned,   long  before  the gold and silver-bearing veins in the  same country have been discovered and opened  up.    This  latter  and more permanent phase of  mining has  followed the construction of roads  and  railways, and the series of conditions thus  outlined  are  repeating  themselves   in British  Columbia to-day.  There _ is no reason whatever to believe that  the particular portions of British Columbia now  for the first time opened to mining by means of  the Canadian Pacific Railway, are richer in ores  than other parts of the province. On the contrary, what has already been said of the Cariboo  district affords prima facie evidence of an  opposite character. The Province of British  Columbia uslon'e, from south-east to north-west,  includes a length of over eight hundred miles of  the Codilleran region ; and, adding to this the  the further extension of the same region comprised within the boundaries of the Dominion  of Canada as* a whole, its entire length in Canada is between twelve or thirteen hundred  miles. This is almost identical with the whole  length of the same region contained within the  United States, from the southern boundary  with Mexico to the northern.with Canada.  Circumstances have favored the development  of the mines of the Western States, but it. is, as  nearly as may be, certain that "the northern  half of the similar region will eventually prove  equal in richness to the southern, and that  when the mines of these Western States may  have passed their zenith of productiveness,  those of the north will be still increasing in this  respect.  connection  it may be well  to draw  to the  fact  that  Dr. Dawson's  able  in  direct line with the verdict of all  well posted mining  men  who  have given this  country an investigation. A mining expert who  has for years followed the fortunes of western  silver  in almost every camp from old Mexico to  British Columbia recently stated  that he was  much surprised to tiud such a similarity in   the  composition and formation of the ore bodies of  this region and those of Mexico.    These latter  bodies   have  been   worked to a profit for many  generations by the most primitive methods, but  still give  evidence  of being practically   inexhaustible in extent.    Why may not  the local  bodies, which seem to resemble them so closely  in   other respects,   resemble them in this also ?  There  is  rapidly  growing  up a well-grounded  conviction that such is the case.  In this  attention  article is  /"  vrfi  -_3^M^  ���������>$������&>   &  The above Townsite is now placed on the  market. It is situated on the north end of Trout Lake,  in the famous Lardeau country, which is going to be  one of the richest mining regions in America. Numerous  rich claims have been found close to this townsite,  which will make it the distributing point for an  immense tract, of country. It is the only level land on  the north end of the lake. The owners intend to expend  money on streets and other improvements in the spring.  The  trail  snay  from  Lardeau  City, on Arrow ]  l^ake,  to  Kootf  Lake  runs throu  gh this townsite.  For 30  days  from date One Hundred Lots will be Sold for  1  ��������� -  ,  B  For Further Particulars Apply to  Offices at Nelson, aivd Kaslo, B. C.  to  a, B. C.  T ��������� ��������� I sstautsmutnaaa  ������r__^___c!____*_aj?___������rtoyt_^  33a������a  10  THE MINER : ffELSOtt, B. 0.,  SATUEDAY MAY 20, 1893.  LOOAT  OR  D   ON   THE    OOLUMB  EK,    ABOUT   TWO   MILES   NORTH   OF   THE  'OREILLE   RIVE  The Junction  of Eiver with Eailway Transportation.  The  Supply Point of the Southern  end of the  Kelson & Fort Sheppard Eailway,  now  under Constructed, and for the Mining Dirtricts of Trail Creek,.-Beaver Creek, Sheep  Creek, Sheppard Creek, Salmon Eiver, and the Pend d'Oreille.  Persons  Desiring Locations for Immediate Building Can  Have  Choice  of alternate Lots  at $150 for Corners and $100 for Inside Lots, on and after  Tuesday, April 24th.  Application to be  Made on the Ground,  TITLE   CROWN   GRANT  JOSHUA    DA VIES.  THE B0ILEE FOE TRAIL 00OTTEIES.  A New Steam Power Which is  so  Constructed as to  Be Easily Packed. Over the Mountains.  One of the chief drawbacks to the development of a mining country like this .is the  extreme difficulty of securing adequate power  for mechanical purposes. The majority of the  claims must necessarily for a time be reached  by means of more or less difficult trails over  which it is impossible to transport the ordinary  makes of boiler and engines.  This problem now  seems to be very satisfactorily solved by the  construction of a'sectional boiler wThich can be  reduced to' shapes and weights which makes it  quite easy to pack over trails.  Mr. James Kelly, of Ottawa, is the originator  of the device, and the first order for placing the  same  was  received from the Wellington mine.  The parts  were packed in cases of some live  hundred pounds each and  transported to the  end  of the wagon road some three miles from  the mine.    Here began a trail through nine feet  of snow, and inside of three days from the time  the cases arrived at the end of the wagon road  the outfit, consisting of alOh.p. boiler, diamond  drill, a sinking pump, rods and tools, were upon  . the claim and at work.     The cost of transporting, the'outfit up the trail to the mine, which is  at an elevation of 3,500 feet, was not over $50.  The construction or* the boiler is very simple.  Instead of the usual rivets the shell plates are  bolted  together, the requisite tightness being  secured  by placing the head of the bolt inside  and winding it with gasket before screwing up  to place.    The crown sheets are kept in place by  three tubes run through three perforated tubes  placed in the interior of the boiler.     The tubes  are flanged at  one end  and threaded at the  other and  the crown  sheet  at  the fire end is  countersunk to receive the flange.    The links of  the smoke stack go over like a stove pipe and  are fastened like the shell plates of the boiler.  Round iron rods replace the cast grate bars  at a saving of over e'ghty per cent, m weight.  These are easily replaced, and as the fuel is gen  erally wood, last quite  well. /  About-2,000 pounds covers the weight of a 10  h.p. boiler, and the heaviest pieces reduced for  packing are 160 pounds each.  Ail OpJical Beliasioxi.  Passengers on board the steamer Nelson have  been  much disgusted of late by a large mass of  apparently  meteoric   origin,   which  is in  the  habit of whizzing by them on almost every trip  in from the Ferry.      The object, which passed  so swiftly that it seemed  to only lightly touch  at long intervals the tops of the highest waves,  was ascertained to he a new, fast and commodious steamer just put on the run. Consumed  with envy at such a rate of speed some of the  patrons of the steamer Nelson took passage on  the new steamer. Imagine their feelings when  they discovered that they were going in the  same direction as the Nelson, and that the  cause of their speed as viewed from the Nelson  had been the usual optical delusion which causes  the bank of a river to run by while the boat is  apparently standing still.  LIQUOR LICENSE APPLBQAT8QN.  TVTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THIRTY DAYS  iXJ    from date I intend applying to  the   Gold   Commissioner, for a license to sell liquor in my hotel, known as the  Sayward Hotel, situate at Sayward, B.C.  Sayward, B C., May 8, 1893. W. R. POULTON.  (Deputy Sheriff.)  LICENSED AUCTIONEER  NELSON, B. C.  Auction sales made at any point in West Kootenay  District. Town lots and mining1 claims hought and sold on  commission. A general real estate business transacted.  Office for the present at residence, corner of Carbonate  and Kootenay  treets. 134  "jr\    LaBAU,   M. D.,  .  Physician and Surgeon,  Rooms 3 and 4,   Houston Block,  Nelson, B.C.  Telephone  42.  J. A. KIRK  J. F. RITCHIE  KIRK & RITCHIE,  Dominion    and    Provincial    Land  Surveyors.  Office   over   Bank   of  British  Columbia,   Nelson,   B. C  P. O. box 69.  Telephone 24.  ite & Co.  S. E. corner Baker and Josephine streets,  NELSON, B. C.  I  3  ______? r*������_*^     .J2L.  FINANCIAL AND INSURANCE AGENTS,  Loans negotiated on Nelson property.   Collections made.  Conveyancing documents drawn up.  Town  Lots  Lands   and   Mining  Claims  Handled  on Commission.  iaBSSS^^^^s^m^s^^^^^^s^^  "T-  . * i ���������*  S v * +l f.-  ������-������������������  ������������������ >.  ������������������   - i"V  ^'fi.**.'  nswsiwwjiBSKTra��������� THE  MINEE:  NELSON.   B.   0.,, SATUEDAY,  MAY 20,   1893.  11  THEOWING BACK THE SHELL  ANOTHER EVIDENCE OP VEENON'S VIEWS  ON PEE-EMPTOES' EIGHTS.  The ttovcwjinicKt Decides to Keep the Best Portion,  of a Prc-JEnipiion to Itself, and Generously offers  a Mountain-Side t������ flaose who StaSted Money ami  .Labor, on a Government's Honor.  of  " Notice is hereby given that the  reservation  a section  of land  at  the north-west end of  Slocan Lake, West Kootenay District, notice of  which was published in the British Columbia  Gazette, and dated 17th March, 1892, has been  cancelled in so far as it relates to that portion  of the section which has not been sub-divided  into lots and blocks.  " Any persons who have taken all necessary  l^gal steps to acquire by purchase any portion  of such land so released from reserve will be  permitted to complete their purchase upon compliance with the further requirements of the  "Land Act."  The above, which appears in the B. O. Grazette  will  doubtless  recall  to the minds of many the  stormy scenes  witnessed  in  Nelson  when the  reserve, was first announced.    ,  ,   The taking off of the reserve will enable Dr.  E. C Arthur, Wilson Hall, and Alfred Hall, to  complete the purchase on a pre-emption made  by  them  on   Oct.  31, ��������� 189L   of 160 acres at the  head of Slocan Lake.  Referring to the lifting of the reserve Dr.  Arthur, in, conversation with a Miner reporter .  said :���������'��������� We procecled, after the pre-emption, to  complete the conditions of purchase under the  Land Act. On Dec. 31, however, the Government clapped on a reserve on all land within ten  miles of Slocan Lake. As there were three in  the party we made three pre-emptions, the  others being at the foot of the lake and at Carpenter Creek respectively. The pre-emption at  the foot of the Jake we decided to abandon.  On March 17 the Government cancelled the  reserve on all the lands except!wo blocks, each  one mile.square, one at the mouth of Carpenter  Creek, and the other at the head of the lake.  This reserve still included the two claims which  we were endeavoring to establish. The Carpenter Creek reserve was cancelled in September  last. We have been trying since to get the  Government to lift the reserve off the head of  the lake. Now they have lifted it, but only off  that portion which is comparatively valueless.  The pre-emption was made chiefly to secure  some thirty acres of good fiat land, but this the  Goverment has withheld from our pre-emption  but has decided to allow us to pre-empt the  mountain -pide.  We will doubtless complete the conditions of  sale on what has been left us, in the hope of  getting out the money we put into the land  already.  COR. BAKER AND   WARD   STREETS.  AT ALL HOURS, DAY OR MIGHT  MES. W. G. PHILLIPS, Proprietress.  Q     A.   ROBERTS,  k3������  Provincial    and   Dominion  Land Surveyor,  TROUT LAKE CITY, B.C.  FOR   SALE.  HALF-INTEREST   IN   THE   MINERAL   CLAIM  "London," on Toad Mountain, with improvements,  including licensed hotel; cheap.   Apply to  150-_ T. B. MAY, Nelson.  LIQUOR  LSQENSE   APPLICATION.  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THIRTY DAYS  from date I in Lend to apply to the Gold Commissioner for a license to sell liquor at my hotel, known  as the Denvnr Hotel, situated on lot 16, olock 8, in the  to wn of Kaslo. ED WARD C ORN IN G.  Kaslo, M!ay 18, 1893. 1504  TO    CONTRACTORS.  rpENDERS WILL BE RECEIVED FOR THE EREC-  Jl. TION of the Kootenay Lake General Hospital  Society building, up to 12' o'clock, Saturday, May 27th,  1893. Plans, specifications, and details for the same can  be seen at the office of George N. Taylor, Architect,  Josephine street, Nelson, B.C.  Air tenders to be delivered to E. C. Arthur, M.D., on or  before 12 o'clock of the above date.  Any or all tenders not necessarily accepted.    ''  A bond will be required for the completion of the contract. E. C. ARTHUR,  Nelson,. May 17, 1893. Acting Secretary.  SEALED TENDERS WILL BE RECEIVED UP TO  noon on Wednesday, the 7th June next, addressed  to the undersigned, care of WulfFsohn & Bevvicke, Ltd.,  Vancouver, B.C., for the construction of this Company's  railway from Nakusp to Forks of Carpenter Creek.  Forms of tender can be obtained on application to the  undersigned at the Company's office, Victoria, B.C., and  at the office of Messrs. WulfFsohn & Bewicke, Ltd.,  Vancouver, and no tender will be considered unless made  on such form.  The lowest or any tender will not necessarily be accepted.   " ���������-: -  A. J. WEAVER-BRIDGMAN,  Secretary-Treasurer.  Victoria, B.C., May 8tq, 1893. 150-3  Split Cane, Greenheart and  Steel rods. Devon Minnows.  Oiled Silk and other Lines,  Casts and Traces, Bait Hooks  (plain and on gut), Fly Books  Spoon Baits, Single Action  and Multiplying Reels, Willow Baskets, Flies and Pearl Spoons, expressly made for  the Kootenay Rivers. ���������  Mail orders receive prompt and careful attention.  Wholesale and Retail. ~  sanm i  .6VMAKEB, '  VA-ISrCOTJVER,    JB_ O.  ALEXANDER  ACCOUNTANT;  MU8R,  ETC.  Nelson, B.C., May 12th, iSgj  Gentlemen,���������I a.711 in the field with a 7'ecord as a  7'eliable accountant.       Nave had ma7iy years'' expe7'i-  ence.     Do yon wantyoiw books W7'itte7i tip, balanced,  audited oj'posted ?  I have  taken  tip  teifipoi'arary  qttarters  in   The  Miner block. Yours 7'espectfully,  ALEX.   MUIR.  East Baker Street, Nelson,  Is one of the best hotels in Toad Mountain district,  and is the headquarters for prospectors and  working miners.  in the Kootenay Lake country.  and the bed-rooms are newly furnished.  MALONE   ������fc   TREGILXUS  ��������� PROPRIETORS  Subscribe   for  lines  VICTORIA, B.C.  The JPauly Ti191.es  Subscription, $10 per annum,  In  advance.  S  The Weekly Tildes  Subscription, $2 per annum,  v-    In advance.  Independent in Politics,  Fullest Telegraphic Reports,  Correspondents in every District.  5  Address���������  THE TIMES  PRINTING & PUBLISHING CO.,  VICTORIA,  B.C.  AVM. TEMPLEMAN, MANAGER.  jJ_E3I_fcLi  Kootenay Lake Sawmill  B. C.  LUMBER, ROUGH AND DRESSED,  SHINGLES, LATHS, MOULDINGS,  sash; DOORS, GIG-SAW WORK,  TURNING-LATHE WORK.  -   ON   HAND   OR   SV1ADE   TO ORDER   -  The Best of Shipping Facilities.   300,00  feet of Lumber in  the Nelson Lumber Yard.  G,  O.  BUCUANAjN.  P.O. address, Nelson or Kaslo.  Will shortly appear in an enlarged  form,    and   will   have   a   staff  oj  correspondents   \: representing.:   every  point in the Kootenay Country.  The, fullest   and latest accounts of'..  Mining   and    Mining    Operations  v&^sr,  in     the   famous     West    Kootenay  ^     ������&  Country will be recorded.  The Job Printing department oj  The Miner has lately been enriched with nezv Material and  abundance of Printer's Fine  Stationery.  Mail   Orders from   any part of  the  District  will ?-eceive prompt  and careful attention.  Estimates furnished on all classes  of Printing,    Lithographing and  Bookbinding.     !  address The Miner Printing & Publishing Co.  nelson,   b.c. ^^aSaJgj^ta^^-aur^i^jr^iaiiga^  rimnnnir<f>nwmn rtioirmrrm-itHiminwiiw  rmmetjnm^ii^*nMnf������pf't^:ien������rf^^ .  X   '  Is    '  1     >  4  ?;-  !."'-  1  12  THE  MINEK: NELSON.  B.   0:,   SATUEDAY,  MAY 20,  1893.  -&Z  ___a  Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and insnect Goods  and compare Prices.  aone 2/  7, 9, and 11 East Yernon Street, 3MELS0N  TEWDEEFOOT'S KASLO KOTES  BECITAL   OP   TEE   TOPICS   WHICH   MAKE  LIFE WOETH THE LIVING  TJie Absence of _]_e Wlaarf and f-iic Presence of the  Kaslo  Brass   Band  Pnrnlsli  Food for Reflection  to   tlae  Progressive -R������ii_ds  of tlte People of the  JVoisy ���������Hy hy tSie JLa&e. . .  Kaslo, B. C, May 19���������The good .people of  Kaslo seem to be having any amoifnt of fun  over the question of providing some more satisfactory means of landing in the town.  Passengers  whose  early education in the art  of  walking a tight-rope,  has  been   somewhat  neglected,  have   been  troubled   sometimes  to  make their way across the narrow and unstable  string of boards, which afford the only means of  escape from the steamers. One inventive genius  even went so far as  to suggest the establish-  .   ment  of an apparatus like that of a life-saving  station,  by means of which a rocket carrying a  life-line  could be fired out to the boats, and a  travelling basket rigged  up   which would put  people ashore, safely.  ; The first step toward the solution of the problem was rna.de some days ago when the Nelson  towed in a floating wharf from Bonner's Ferry.  This was proudly anchored at the foot of Third  street, -with due nautical honor, and for a short  time all went well. But alas for the result of  human envy. cThis move was viewed with a  jealous eye by the rival steamship people, and  they demauded the use of the new.wha'rfj and  that too without the transfer of any legal tender  to the party of the first part. The offer was  declined with scorn, and a close watch is being  kept on the raft.  In the meantime the railroad people have  casually mentioned several times that they may  build a wharf down near the foot of Fifth street.  This has even gone so far as.to set dark rumors  of a contract to that effect being let, but so far  they have not been confirmed. The citizens now  have the matter in hand and a fund of some  $1500 or $1600 has been raised which it is said  will be invested in a floating wharf large enough  to accommodate a warehouse. So that it is safe  to say that Kaslo will have sometime in the  near future a wharf of some kind.  On Saturday evening the Kaslo wagon road  committee will hold a meeting for the purpose  of considering what steps shall be taken to put  the road into passible condition between here  and Bear lake. Mr. S. S. Bailey has been appointed to get up a gang of 20 or, 25 men which  will begin to work out from the town at once.  - The, $Wfi0O received -������rom the Government will  be spe^rttothis way and in extending the road  up as far g|_f Cody creek.  The snow is- rapidly, disappearing from the  .foothills and Inspecting-paFties are being made  iip and are leaving town almost every day bound  for the upper country.  Doubtless by this time you are aware of an  increase in the newspaper family in this place.  The infant has been christened the "Claim" and  at last accounts the author of its being was doling as well as could be expected and will no  doubtfully recover in time. The new infant  has not yet overcame the first surprise of finding itself in existence yet, and is,rather wobbly,  and prone to grab at things quite out of reach,  but bless its little heart, its dad thinks its the  finest infant on earth, though rumor hath it  that this is not the first.  The good people of this town held a love feast  recently, in which it was hinted that there must  have been some recent difficulty between them  and certain Nelson business men. Have you  heard anything about it, and if so please telf me  what the trouble is, as no , one here seems to  know exactly. The question is does Nelson's  charter entitle the Nelson members to take in  the Kaslo members.  It gives me pleasure to state that the strike in  the Kaslo-band is about over., Nearly all the  members have consented to play the same selection at the same time. Though some obstinate members still hold to the theory of "Individual Selection" and Darwin's "Survival of  the Loudest" it is hoped they may be won over  in time.  Thanking you for your prompt answer to the  questions in my last letter I am yours, etc.  A Flat Minor.  NEW BSNVEB NOTES.  Several gentlemen who have recently come in  from New Denver and Four Mile City report a  very favorable condition of affairs up in that  section. The' trail in is being put into good  shape by a gang of men, and one or two of the  bridges damaged-.by ���������.'recentfreshets are being  replaced. There seems to be good reason to predict a very active season in that part of the  country.  An experienced mining man who has spent  about a year in that vicinity expressed un-  bounded faith in the future of its mineral  claims. This verdict is that while scarcely  enough work has been done to demonstrate beyond doubt the exact nature"-of the ore bodies  yet the the surface showings are so great that  the amount of ore practically in sight seems to  be sufficient to keep the country going for some  -years to come.  The Reed and Robinson group is an example  of this. Here the average of the top showings,  which are very extensive, will run about 150  ounces.  The Vancouver and-Mountain Boomer claims  are reported to be in good condition, as is the  Mountain'Chief some 2| miles from New Denver. The same may be said of a'number of  claims in this vicinity many of which are awaiting the opening of the season in order to resume  work. ..  With regard to railroad construction those ���������  who have been over the country thoroughly  seem to be of the opinion that the natural ad-,  vantages of a route out by way of Nakusp are  much greater than by the other way and that  when the Nakusp road is built it will secure the  bulk of the traffic.  D0LAN" [RESPONSIBLE E0E IT  HE EUNS  AGAINST JOHNSTONE BUT FINDS  TIME TO APOLOGIZE.  The trsae Inwardness of the Ifcow SSe&ween fclie Canadian and American Customs Officials at Bonner's  Ferry���������There  are  sonic  Officials  too  JTealous of  Neglected _>utics. .      '  Like all other.squabbles, there are two sides to  the recent trouble between the customs officials  at Bonner's Ferry. As is usually the case the  man who gets his story into the papers first,  lays the blame upon the other.  George Johnstone, that Customs official, who  according to the, first account of the scrap, was  so officious-asto have a desire to teach the U.S.  customs officer his duties, was in Nelson Tburs-c  day, and in an interview with a Miner reporter  gave the following version of the affair :  "About two weeks ago I notified the officers  of both  the Nelson and Spokane that all goods  carried  on the  boats  from  Bonner's  Ferry to  British ports would have to be properly entered  before thev reached the customs house at the  Boundary Line. On the day previous to the  sailing of the State of Idaho, her first trip, I  '���������'went on board the boat at Bonner's Ferry, to  notify the captain, in the same terms, as I had  the other steam-ship companies, and/shortly  afterwards Dolair Came on board the Nelsoii  where I was, an d began a busing m e, ch'argin g  me with interfering:'with him in the discharge  of his duties. When his rage had blown over I  explained to him what I had said to the captain  of the Idaho, and lie apoligized, and admitted  that J was quite right. As to the row between  Rykert and myself, that story is made out of  whole cloth.  "Owing to the great volume of business done  during the month of April," continued Mr.  Johnstone, "I have been obliged to stop off at  Kaslo, but my stay there will altogether depend  upon the time necessary to catch up with back  work." _^   The Naxt. &rand 3nvy.  Deputy   Sheriff   Robinson  is   busy just. now  serving notifications    on  grand   jurors   to   sit  at Nelson on the 30th inst.    Among  the numerous items  of  business  wilh whiehtheywill.be  compelled, by virtue of their office to deal, will  be that of several forms of the social evil.  Some  of the prominent citizens of this district have  come  to  the  conclusion  that it is about time  steps should betaken to at least regulate, and if  possible suppress,  the institutions of ill repute  fo the  district.    With   this idea  in   mind they  wilt fi&il the attentionof the grand jury to these  plae.e������ and ask to haye  them  attended to.   A  petition to that effect is now in hand.    If is understood that the Kasio comique is on the black  list which will include all the local houses of ill  fame.  .> i  ��������� _.

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