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The Miner May 16, 1891

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 ���������^im7-E^,^jipairJi'^iS-^ff^:i-r.-i  Only  Paper  Printed  in t!������e  Kootenay  I/ak'e Mlii-  ing" B>i  stricts.  For Kales  ���������  of Subscription  and  Advertising  See Fourth '.Pa  gc.  TOMBEK 48.  HELSON,  BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   BATHED AY,  MAX   16,   1891.  U A YEAR.  AN   : OFFI2R   FOK-   THE   SILVEK   KING,  Victoria Colonist, Gfch: [There ,is a deposit of ������150,000 in,  this city at the present time as a first payment of a total of  $1,500,000'for.the Siver King mine, on Toad mountain, West  Kootenay district. It is understood, however, that the  owners, among whom are the heirs of the late Kieliard  Day Atkins, will not consider" an offer that is not well up  ....In the millions.    ' '  Winslow Hall, who controls the Hall interest  in the Silver King, and who is now in Nelson,  on being shown- the above,"-remarked':. " If the  ,>���������'" Silver King has been sold I know nothing  ,," about it; and I guess I would know something  " about it if it was sold." The mine is looking  well. The tunnel has been advanced 60 feet beyond the old crosscut, and its face continues in  'solid ore. The new shaft is down 15 feet below  the floor of the tunnel, and its bottom is also in  solid ore. During the week the mine was visited  by F. E. Sargent, Scott McDonald, William  Thornton, and J. O. Swift, men engaged in mining operations in Montana, and Idaho. They all  pronounced it a wonder, messrs. McDonald and  Swift saying that, for the depth attained, it was  the greatest mine they had ever seen. John  Miller, the ruining expert from Scotland, haying  completed his examination, came down from  the mine in the fore part of the week, and is  now reported as taking a look at the Poorman  gold mine on Eagle creek.  Doing;.Actual, Worlc on Their Claims.  In  Hot Springs district, Tom  McLeod  is at  work on the Srielling; W. W. Sprague on the  Tenderfoot;. Frank Fitch  on   the   Union;   and  foreman Trewarthen on the Fourth.    The latter  is a property owned by G, C. Howe of Duluth,  Minnesota. A tunnel is being run on it to tap  the ledge, which is not expected to be far distant,  as the rock in the tunnel face is more or less  mineralized. W. A. Donaldson, treasurer of  the Columbia Mining Company of Spokane, is  also on the ground making'-preparations to work  the several claims owned by the company. Four  or five men are at work stop ing ore on the Number One, and others will, no doubt, be put on  when mr. Boyle returns from Revelstoke, along  towards the latter end of the month.  . .     ���������   Well Manaed.  James Brennaud of Ainsworth has a claim on  the   east  side  of  Kootenay  lake  that   he   has  named Tain O'Shanter. He believes the location  will result in amine that will be worked in the  never-ending ages, or as long as Bobby Burns's  poem is quoted by devotees of Bacchus. Samples  from it assay away up in silver, Bryan of  Ainsworth claiming it to be the best ore he has  assayed since locating in the lake country.  ���������Located Near' Futsirc BSonanxas.  Several locations have recently been made in  the vicinity of Balfour, and the residents of that  hamlet honestly believe they are located near*  future bonanzas. Professor Morey of Minnesota  is camped at that place, and intends making a  thorough examination of the lake country this  summer, being in the employ of a syndicate of  Minneapolis capitalists.  Native Silver.  The Dictator is a Hot Springs claim on which  a good  deal of work has been done.    A tunnel  taps the ledge, and good headway is being made  in sinking a shaft. In the latter, fine'specimens  of native silver are found intermixed with the  galena, and the owners of the property are  greatly elated.   letting Bown oiF Tneir Sligla Morse.  The Miner has no influence whatever with  the Robson government, for that government is  pig-headed ; but it has a little influence with  the transportation companies doing business in  the lake country. Last week it advised business  men to continue shipping their goods by way of  Bonner's Ferry .until the Columbia river route  people were as.'���������accommodating as those on  Kootenay river and lake. Already the agent of  the Columbus riverline of stea;mers says that as  soon as his company can erect a warehouse at  Robson, so that goods can be turned over to the  railway company, there will be no delay at Trail  Creek on account of the customs duties. The  customs officer at Trail Creek, mr. Jones, says  he will allow all g-oods to pass for which invoices  have been received, the railway company agreeing to be responsible for the amount of the  duties. Now, if the railway company will get a  move on and get its road completed to Nelson,  the business men of the lake country will be  c happy, provided, always, that the Columbia &  Kootenay railway lowers its exorbitant freight  rates between Robson and Nelson. That company now charges 67 cents a hundred pounds  for,carrying goods 30 miles, while the Spokane  & Northern charges but 62 cents for carrying  the same goods a distance of 120 miles.  A   QUESTION    Wmi < THE ���������������������������MINISTER'  OF , HUSHES. ���������"  There is a difference of opinion as regards the  provisions of the new mineral act. The old act  required that mineral claims should be rerecorded annually, and that the assessment work  should be done within the first 6 months of each  year of holding.   The new act does away with  the rerecording provision  altogether,^ and  extends the "time.for. doing the assessment work to  The full year.    The new act repealed the old act  and went into effect on April 20th last.    Now it  is contended that all mineral claims recorded  under the old law  are governed by its provisions, and that even if  the year of holding ex-  p ires aft e r April 20t h the clai m  m list be rere-  corded, and that the assessment work on such  claims must be done within the first 6 months.  Others,   again, contend  that  the  old  law  was  wiped out, and that if the year of holding expired after April 20th, rerecording is not necessary, and that if the 6 months ends after April  20th the claim owner has the full year in which  to do the assessment work.    Will  the  minister  of mines decide the point?  Tools; a Spurt.  Nelson real estate took a spurt this'.week, and  several pieces of good property changed hands  at   good   figures.    Baker   street   business  lots  brought  from   $35  to  $46.66 a front foot, and  building conditions on  back streets from $6 to  $16, according to location.    The largest buyers  were G. G. Mack ay and John MeLeod and J. R.  Hull.    Mr. Ma.ckay, who is a Vancouver capitalist, purchased lot 12 block 4, lot 7 block 8, lot. 5  block 6, lot 9 block 10, and lot 7 block 12, for  $5000.    John McLeod and J. R. Hull bought lots  1, 2, and 4 block 10 and lot 8 block 11 for $5550.  E. R. Atherton  bought lot 9 block 9 for $1750.  R. G. Tatlow bought lot 11 block 10 for $350; he  also purchased several acre lots in the Hume addition.    H. & T. Madden bought lots 19 and 20  block 5 for $510.    H. J. Eclson bought lot 4 block  7 for $1100.    E. C. Carpenter of Victoria bought  lot 1 block 18 for $150.    M. S, Davys bought lots  11 and  12 block 14 for  $800.    Houston, Ink  &  Allan bought lot 2 block 12 for $1250.    Several  lots are also reported sold in the Hoover addition at prices ranging from $135 up.  ftood-Sizcd ISuggets Already Found.  James Turley and John Sanderson came in  from Hall creek the fore part of the week and  remained for a day or two. They report the  boys on the creek getting in readiness to begin  sluicing, one company having their boxes set.  A number of good-sized nuggets have already  been found, and mr. Turley says that part of the  creek will pay' to work. The bed-rock is too  smooth in places to hold gold; but in other  places it is rough, and from the tests he has  made he is satis'fied the pay will be from $6 to  $10 a day to the man. The snow is all. gone, and  the creek is booming.  SAMI'ilNG-  WORKS    IN    5IOT    SFRBNtiS    .DISTRICT.  As a result of the transfer of the Wheeler in-  terests'in-Hot Springs district to W. L. Hoge of  Anaconda, Montana, sampling and concentrating works will- shortly be erected at some point  in the district���������probably at Ainsworth. .The  works', will (be built by J. O. Swift of Hailey,  Idaho, who paid a first visit to the-district this  week. Mr. Swift has had considerable experience as a "mining operator, at present being the  owner of several properties in the Wood River  country, Idaho. He says reduction works in  Canada for the treatment of lead ores is not a  business "'proposition' at present, owing to the  fact that the ores can be concentrated down  so that the concentrates carry almost as  large a percentage of lead as Hvould the  product of a smelter. Until a refinery  is erected in Canada the bullion will have  to be shipped to the United States -tor final  treatment, and the freight charges and duty on  concentrates would be no more than on bullion.  Mr. Swift is of opinion that the Krao, one, of the  McCune company properties, will, be a great  mine���������in time equal to the Silver King. The  McCune party left for Montana on Monday.:  Scott McDonald will 'return'and superintend  '���������rain ing operations as soon as'additional machinery can fee got in. Mr. McCune and mr. Gieger-  ich expect to be back again in June, the latter  with the intention of remaining to manage the  business affairs of the company.  Improvements at'.'Ains worthand Nelson.  At Ainsworth dr. Henry of Spokane is building a drug store; Roderick McLeod, a 25 x 100-  foot addition to his hotel; Olson & Williamson,  a 30 x 60 2-story hotel; Wilson & Perdue, a  20x03 1^-story meat market ; aud the Spokane  Mercantile Company are making preparations  to build a store. At Nelson work is being carried on on the International hotel, R. E. Lemon's hardware store, the Clark & Ma.lone building, the Nelson hotel, the Tolson building, G.-O."  Buchanan's 2 residences, T. C. Oollins's residence, Joseph Duhamel's residence, the Houston  & Ink block, and on several small additions to  stores and hotels. About 60 mechanics are employed in all in the two towns.  A Slight' BfrifiTereuce in Measurement's.  Professor Dawson, in his report on Toad Mountain district, makes the height of the Silver King  mine 4310 feet above the lake, and the lake 1730  feet above sea level, therefore making the Silver  King.6040 feet above sea level. Frank Fletcher,  accompanied by J. Z. Choate, visited the Silver  King mine on Sunday last, .mr. Fletcher taking  altitudes with an aneroid. He ma.de the Silver  King mine only 2600 feet above the lake, and the  next clay in making surveys for a 2-mile block,  rechecked several of the measurements made,  the recheeldng agreeiug' with the first measurements. If professor Dawson's figures are-'cor-,  ect,   mr.   Fletcher's   aneroid   is   badly   out   of  whack. '.   Attracting* the Attention of B'rospectors.  A large number of prospectors, attracted  by  the good showings in the Whitewater, are going  over to Rover* creek, and already new cl iscoveri.es  are reported. John Case and John Bussor have  made locations on what are said to be,good-  looking ledges, the ore being high-grade galena.  The new trail to the Whitewater enables prospectors to get in supplies without difficulty, and  the prediction is made that the Rover Creek  camp.will, before snow flies, be the equal of any  in Toad Mountain district.  Will be  Started .up. Next Wceli.  Work at the Poorman mine will be resumed  next week, James Cromn, the superintendent,  having arrived from the Occur d'Alene country  today. The mill was started up this morn ing on  a trial run of Wild Cat ore. About 25 men will  be employed in the mine and mill.  mmmmimmwmmmimimmmMMEMmimmmsMmmBammsm  **3  '������rft-vM  <&&  * ������fi  ���������   %1 * THE  MIMR:    ITELSON,   B.   0.,  SATURDAY,  MAY 16,  1891.  Main Street,  Wright Street,  aDZE^iLiEiEiS xasr  Miners' Supplies, Iron and Steel, Hardw  Dry Goods, Clothing, ;M^  ZEST-IB-  Having bought the stock and book debts of the late firm of E. S. WILSON & 00., all parties having outstanding accounts  are requested to call and settle them as soon as possible.  mixim;  ������eolo������y  as   a ��������� science.-  When we consider that mining is one of the  oldest arts, that it has reached an extraordinary  extension, and is prosecuted with great intelligence, it is������. remarkable that so little should be  known of ore deposits. No part of the earth's  crust has received such searching attention as  its veins, and yet there is no branch of geology  that is more backward than the geology of the  metals.  We  do  not  know   whether ores   "make"  in  depth or not, whether veins are confined to the  extreme outer circle of the crust or continue to  depths  which are beyond the reach of mining  machinery.    Of those that are copened we can  not say whether their contents have been gathered from the "original nucleus" of the globe,  from the deep sedimentary rocks which immediately overlie it, or���������from those strata in which  the veins are found. We cannot imagine a reason why one-half of an ore body should contain  a different proportion of gold to silver, than the  other half; why quartz should almost invariably be an accompaniment of the metals, why  most of them should be mineralized by sulphur.  The remarkable fact, that ore bodies rarely follow precisely the dip of the vein, but almost always pitch one way or another in the direction  of the strike is so constantly observed, that  miners have little confidence in a bonanza that  does not exhibit this peculiarity, and yet the occurrence is so puzzling that no attempt to explain it lias been made..  It is true that some explanation has been  found for some of these points. There are dozens of experts who would go on the stand if  called, and swear to some theory to account for  any one of them, but none the less is the fact  that really there is no explanation that is generally received. The very latest works on mining  geology are not in accord, and though they present views which, for the most part, date from  the earliest years of geological science, their  dogmas are not yet established, but remain in  dispute to this day. The whole' subject of mining geology is in a chaotic state, and there is not  one of the general theories which is not confronted by grave doubts.  The  reason  for this   unsatisfactory  state  of  things seems to lie in the extraordinary conservatism   of scientific'-men.    Judge Field, of the  United     States   supreme    court,     struck   the  right     chord      some     year's     since,      in     the  Eureka decision, wherein he said that the geologists, on  one side, at all times carried in  their  rninds   the   scientific definition   of the term as  given by geologists, that a lode is a fissure in the  earth's crust, filled with mineral matter.    That  definition,   so  far   as   modern  geology  is  concerned, dates from  the time of Werner, in the  last century,  and,  in   spite   of   the   immense  amount  of contradictory experience since his  day, geologists of all schools still look upon it as  a   foundation   stone   in   their   theories.       The  .miners are compelled to follow the geologists,  though  their experience constantly denies the  truth of the supposition.  Out of this conception an absurd system of  classification has grown up which consists simply  of the true fissure vein and its exceptions, the  latter displayed as so many different kinds of  deposits.    The modern geologist seems tOohave  nothing to offer in'improvement of the scheme,  and the books which have been most recently  published are mostly mere rehashes of the old  ideas. Few, if any of them, exhibit the facts of  mineral deposits in regard to their position^  shape and origin, as modern mining has  disclosed them. In fact, it is exceedingly  doubtful whether there is a geologist living who  could perform successfully, even that preliminary work; Theories enough they may supply  out of their inner consciousness, but the hasty  and unfaithful work which is so much the fashion now-a-days, has been fatal to authoritative  results. As to the experts who run up and down  declaring the future of a formation without  knowing what its present state is, their work  has no trustworthiness nor scientific value.  We bring up this subject mot for the purpose  of criticising geologists, however much they deserve it, but because we believe this whole question of vein geology should receive its most important elucidation in our country. Our mines  are opened with a rapidity unknown elsewhere,  and, as a consequence, one man may in this  country have under his observation an extent  and depth of vein formation that in other  countries is distributed over several generations  of time. It took the Przibram mines 8 centuries ,  to reach the depth of 3000 feet, but on the Corn-  stock the same work was accomplished in 22  years! The advantages of such a rapid and yet  thorough survey of a great lode are almost inestimable, and there is reason in our opinion,  that America as the country par excellence  of thiscollossal vigor of operation, might and  should eventually become the leader in the  science, of vein geology. But this will not be  the case until our scientific men comprehend  their advantages and their duties in this respect. They must do very much more than they  have done, or it will never be accomplished.  They must stop rattling the dry bones of dead  notions, and wake up to the fact that there is a  living science to be presented in a proper form.  It is somewhat remarkable that the transactions of our mining societies deal very largely  with metallurgy and mechanical engineering,  but give very little on mining as an art. We  say this state of things is remarkable, for a  stream can rise no higher than its source, and if  metallurgy and technical education are important they are not more so than mining, which is  the source of them both. This is a practical question. Money in vast amounts is constantly  staked upon the "views" of experts who really  have no opinion worth heeding, and it is high  time that they should do something to justify  their calling.   .  -.       : ;  Traffic for West Kootenay Routes.  The United States treasury department has  authorized colonel Bradshaw, collector of the  port of Port Townsend, Washington, to take  such action as will enable supplies to be delivered to residents of the state of Washington  who are engaged in the construction of the  Great Northern through to the Pacific coast. It  is possible to deliver the supplies that are required by shipping them from Spokane to Little  Dalles by rail, and from there to Sproat by boat,  and thence to Nelson by rail, and from there by  boat to Bonner's Ferry. The collector has been  instructed to take such action as will facilitate  business in Spokane, at the same time not conflict with  the interests  of. the revenue.    It is  understood, however, that the material thus  shipped will be confined to domestic products^  and that it shall-be transported by American  steamers only. The chief obstruction at present  in the way of completing the work, which will  be in the nature of appointing inspectors at  points of entry and exit, is the fact that there  appear to be no American steamers at present  in the service. In the case of transcontinental  transportation, which will be by way of Revelstoke and���������'.Little Dalles, the inspector has been  instructed to see that packages are corded and  sealed by the inspector at the point of exit, and  not been tampered with on the route.  C. Hamber,  Notary Public,  Nelson.  A. G. Thynne,  C. G. Henshaw,  Vancouver  Real Estate, Mining Brokers,  AND  Insurance Agents.  We are now offering some of the best residential lots in  the southern addition to the townsite from $135 up. Good  terms. IVo Bnilding Conditions. These lots are good  value. Good business lots in all parts of the townsite at  reasonable figures. Now is the time to buy. Call and see  our list.  Mining claims and mining interests handled advantageously on small margin. Quotations given on all classes of  mining machinery.  SNSURANCE,  Citizens of Canada, fire and accident; Equitable of New  York, life.   Good Companies; Good fi������atcs.  NELSON 0PPICE, 105 WEST BAKEK STEEET.  Vancouver Office, 346 Water Street.  FOOT   OF WARD   STREET,  ISAIAH   STEVENSON, Proprietor.  Boats to hire by the hour or day at reasonable rates.  Boats built and repaired.  P3?S������^^^ THE  MINER:    NELSON,   B.  0.,  SATURDAY,  MAY  16,   1891.  DO NOT USE POOR MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  ?  OLDSNGS,  are for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON  SAWMILL CO,  Yard:   At end of Flume in Nelson.  Mill:  Two Miles .South"of Nelson.  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  ,   dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from, us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in  any  part of Nelson.  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.  The Kootenay Lake Sawmill is  always ready for business. Lumber���������good, bad, and indifferent���������on  hand or made to order.  G. 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January 15th.  0.  MANUFACTURERS OP  OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.  PBIGE  LIST  (DELIVERED AT NELSON, .AINSWORTH,  OR   BALFOUR).  No. 1 flooring, 4 inch, per M  ������32 00  No. 2         "        Cinch,     "  27 00  No. 1 ceiling, 4 inch,       "  32 00  No. 2        "       6 inch,       "  27 00  Rustic,                                 "  27 00  Select clear, DD,          .  "  40 00  No. 1 common, D,             "   25 00  DD,          "  27 00  Bar and counter tops, clear, per foot   10  ROUGH.  No. 1 common, per M......   ...  S20 00  No. 2        "  ' "     15 00  Culls, " .<?     12 00  Shingles, " ....:..      4 50  M<������JLBHN������S.  Bead, panel, crown, base, etc., etc., per foot. 2i@10c  Mills at Pilot Bay, Kootenay Hake.  Geo. G. Bushby,   .   .   .   Manager  A   TOWN   THAT   HAS   A   STEADY   GROWTH/  Ainsworth  is   growing- apace with  the  lake  country.    A  number of new buildings are in  course of erection and others in contemplation.  At   present  there, are 3 general   merchandise  stores, 4 hotels and restaurants, 1 saloon, 1 assay  office, 1 real estate office, 1 livery stable, and 1  meat market. A building for a drug store is  being erected. Another hotel is talked of, and  it is reported that the McCune company  will put in a general merchandise store as soon  as it begins mining operations in earnest. That  the town, will boom this summer is almost certain, for one of its citizens announces that he is  a "professional salesman and proiimlgator of  large deals in real estate," and as evidence that  he is a man of experience, he states that he "has  led in all the great booms throughout the northwest/"'  DEALERS IN  H iJLr^-T H ������S  '   AND    '  SUPPLIES P0E PE0SPECT0ES AM) MDLEES.  BALFOUR,  located as it is at the outlet of Kootenay lake, will  be easily accessible during the season to all  the mining districts on the lake.  PRICES SEASONABLE AS AT AIWSWOETH OR NELS0BT  OF THE   KOOTENAY  LAKE   DISTRICT,  And   Otlaers   Wliom  it   May Concern  and Intercste  During my trip to the east last winter, I made arrangements with manufacturing firms and others for the establishment of a WIKMLESAJCE BUSINESS in this district.  A consignment of samples���������about 15 or 20 cases���������will be  hers about the end of May ; and merchants are requested  for the general good .of themselves and the district to defer  placing any further orders till they have seen my samples  and obtained quotations.  ���������. W. BUSK, Balfour, li. ���������.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Oldtliing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid, the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  ���������N. HOOVER  still has a few more cases of CONDENSED MILK for sale.  ~~~ TIMBER   LEASE.  Thirty days after date I intend to make application to  the chief commissioner of lands and works for permission  to lease for lumbering purposes the following tract of land :  Beginning at a stake on the west bank of the Lard can  river, about 4_- miles from its mouth, thence south SO  chains, thence cast to the river, thence north along bank  of river to the place of beginning; containing 640 acres  more or less. G. O. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, April 16th, 1S91.  NOTICE.  In the matter of the estate of Patrick McNamcc, deceased,  intestate.  Persons having claims against the above estate arc requested to forward them to the undersigned for settlement;  to whom also persons indebted ' to said estate arc notiiicd  to make payment of all moneys due.  G. G. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Nelson, May 4th, 1891.  In the matter of the estate of Thomas Higstrom, deceased,  intestate.  Persons having claims against the above estate are requested to forward them to the undersigned for settlement;  to whom also parties indebted to said estate are notified to  make payment of all moneys due.  G. C. TUNSTALL, gold  Nelson, May 4th, 1891.  commissioner.  anwav  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY.,  i������$$p#^\i^. ���������'���������'���������..���������������������������     ��������� :\.:."''���������:���������  rfft.  S____=__fe^iE=i_a^t=is^s  m^m~  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  ISTO   CHA3STG-ES.  LOWEST EARES TO ALL POINTS  ,'   To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay Lake'^ Shippers will be consulting   their   own  interests  ' . ���������   ;. by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  STEAMER   "LYTTON"  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOTvE every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for      ,  VArJOOUVEE, ������ rnvno2srT^E-A.ii,_  NEW" WESTMDTJSTEE, oj st^^Sxj^"  VIOTOEIA, 3 loiiio^.G-0^  AND ALL POINTS EAST.  Por rates, maps,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,  apply to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D.  E.  BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr't & Ras'r Ag't.  .., Winnipeg,. Manitqba. Vancouver, B. C.  THE    COLUMBIA    &   KOOTENAY    STEAM,  NAVIGATION   COMPANY,   LIMITED.  THE STEAMER LTTTON  will leave REVELSTOKE every Monday and Thursday  at 4 A. M. for Robson and Little Dalles, connecting  at the latter point with the Spokane Falls  & Northern railway.  Ketuniiiig, will leave LITTLE DALLES every Tuesday  and Friday at 9 A. M., arriving at Robson between  3 and 5 P. M.,and remaining from 15 to 30  minutes, then proceeding to Rev-  elstoke.  F. C!. CHRISTIE, Agent,.  . .'KtiVtiLSTttKIS, R. ���������<;,  I Hi I  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended, to.  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts���������  ARCHITECT,  | CONTRACTOR   AND   BUILDER,  NELSON,   IS'. *:.  Plans, specifications, and estimates furnished for  all classes of buildings.  it. J. nri/rs.  JOHN   LEE.  CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS,  nklson. bs. ������'.  Estimates made on all kinds of buildings, and contracts carried out with expedition.  BEI0K ATO STONE MASON,  PLASTERER.  Will contract to do brick and stone work, also plastering  and calcimining. Leave orders at J. Fred Hume & Go's,  9 and 11 East Vernon street, Nelson, B. C.  I^igiiipii^pii^gt^^ 4  THE  MIrlEE:    KELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  MAY 16,   1891.  The Miner is printed on Saturdays; and will be  mailed to subscribers at the -following casli-in-advance  rates: Three months ������1.50, six months ������2.50, one year ������1.  Contract Advertisements will ..be'.'inserted at the  rate Of $3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name.   .'Communication's with such signatures  as  "Old  Subscriber," "Veritas,"'  "Citizen,'? etc.,  etq:,.  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters : The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  FAnrmuAL iiemaiiks.  Smelting    is   a   problem    that    those    inter:  ested  in. the   ruining   business   in British   Columbia must solve before the industry can make  any great advance;    Until refineries areerected  in Canada, the smelters now in the province, or  those to be erected0 in the  near future, will of  necessity be compelled to ship their product to  the United States or to 'England.:'  If shipped to  the United States the lead in the bullion'will be  subjectto 1^ cents per pound duty.    If shipped  to England  it will come in direct competition  with lead from  Spain.     The  difference  in  the  price of lead in the United States and in Great  Britain   is  simply   the   duty   imposed   by  the  former country, as lead is quoted at $4.25 a hundred pounds in New York and at ������12 12s 6d a  ton in London.    If a $30-a-ton duty was placed  on pig lead by the Dominion government, the  owners of smelters in Canada would be justified  in,, erecting  refineries,   as  the consumption  of  lead in Canada would fully equal the output for  years to come.     .  By transferring gold commissioner Bowron  from Cariboo to West Kootenay, does the provincial government mean that Cariboo is no  longer to be recognized as the fountain head of  the mining industry of the province? Or does  it mean that West Kootenay is to be a sort of  dumping ground for worn-out officials from the  other districts of the province?  The claim owners in Hot Springs district are  divided as to the route for the trunk wag-on road  to be built in that district. The road should be  built so as to accommodate the greatest number  of claim owners who are actually working their  properties, and not to accommodate the owners  of "wild cats" held for tenderfoot purchasers.  On his recent tour on the Pacific coast president Harrison visited Sacramento, California.  In that city is a volunteer military company  made up of Italians, which offered to turn out  for escort duty if allowed to carry the flag of  Italy. This the marshal of the day refused to  grant. Now the Italians are up in arms against  the-marshal of the day, and threaten to use  their "political influence" to defeat the Republicans at the next election in that city.  The Revelstoke Star-finds fault with mr. Kel-  lie for recommending that $4500 he set apart for  making a trail from Bear Creek station, on the  main line of the Canadian Pacific, to the head of  Kootenay lake; but it would have sounded his  praises had he recommended the expenditure of  $7000 for a court-house at Revelstoke. The  spending of $4500 on the trail above mentioned  will open up a new field for prospectors; the  spending of $7000 for a court-house at Revelstoke would have been a waste of public money.  But the Star's opinions in the matter do not  count, as its editor does not even know the  name of the district in which he resides.  a  a  ((  Many have, no doubt, followed with some interest the singular case which occupied for some  time so large a place in the attention of the public  as  well  as  of the  courts  in   England, and  which was recently settled, at least for the present, bya judgment of the court of appeal���������the  case, viz., Which arose out of the act of a mr.  Jackson in regaining possession of his wife by  violence, and  attempting to retain her  in his  home by force.    Popular sympathy was, we believe,  pretty evenly divided between the husband and the wife, and  it is not unlikely that  they, may have shared, as often  happens, about  equally  in   the blameworthiness.    All personal  issues   were, however, quite overshadowed  by  the  far-reaching  import,  of   the  principles  involved  in  the judicial decision.    The judgment  pronounced by the lord  chancellor and his colleagues lias finally dispelled a notion which has  been long and tenaciously held, seemingly by a  large majority of the  English  people, touching  the  extent   and  absoluteness of the  husband's  legal power  to  control the  wife's movements.  The appeal was from  the decision of the divisional court which, interpreting the law as it had  been established by old-time precedents, had affirmed the right of the husband forcibly to regain   and retain  the society of his wife.    The  law, as settled  by the court of appeal, is, in effect, that, unless under very exceptional circumstances, the husband has no more powTer over  the personal liberty of his wife than oyer that of  any other woman.    As the Morning T?pst says :  the theory that the wife is the property of the  ' husband���������part of his 'goods and chattels '���������to  be  dealt with, as he pleases,  so forcibly  expressed by the leading character in 'The Tam-  " ing of the Shrew,' is no part of the law of Eng-  " land.    The summary remedy of habeas corpus  " has disposed of the  question  in a most satis-  " factory manner."      All   the  leading  English  papers, so far as we  have observed, are agreed  that the principle laid down by the lords of appeal is, as the Times admits,  "in harmony with  modern   feeling and with modern legislation."  It is conceded to be reasonable and right that a  man and a woman  cannot be compelled to live  together against the will of either.    But several  influential papers, including the Times and the  Chronicle, denounce as a flagrant injustice, as  well  as  a legal   absurdity, the fact that while  the husband is thus liable to be deprived in perpetuity of his wife's society, he is still bound to  regard himself as her husband, responsible for  her debts, and to some extent, perhaps, for her  actions.    The question  thus  raised is, in   fact,  that of the justice and propriety of an extension  of the law of divorce.    " If," says the Chronicle,  "a  man and a woman cannot live with each  "other,   and   if  the   courts   refuse   to  compel  " them to do so against their will, why should  " they be  doomed  to   celibacy till  one or the  " other dies ? "    Clearly it is among the possibilities of the near future that the decision  pronounced by the court of appeal may give rise to  a successful agitation in favor of making desertion   by   either   party   a   ground for   divorce.  There is undoubted force in the argument.    It is  easy to conceive of cases of great injustice as  the outcome of such a state of the law.    But  most  general  laws,   however salutary  on   the  whole, bear  hard  in   individual  cases.    Before  either the British people or their parliament enlarge so greatly the scope of the law of divorce  they  will  be  likely  to  count the cost  a good  many times.    Especially will they consider seriously the effect which making the terms of separation so easy would be likely to have on the  one hand, in multiplying hasty and ill-considered marriages, and, on the other, in lessening  theforce of the /many, weighty., motives which  are now brought to bear for the" promotion of  mutual kindness and forbearance in,, the conjugal relationship. So practical a people will  scarcely be able to shut their eyes to the great  train of social and moral evils that would inevitably follow in the train of divorce made easy.  A majority of the members of the British  house of commons have seen fit to censure the  imperial government for permitting the iniquitous traffic in opium to be carried on in India.  If a majority of the members of the legislative  assembly of British Columbia could be made  throw off the yoke of servility and pass a vote  of censure on the Robsoh govern m ent for permitting the same traffic to be carried on in this  province, one step would be taken towards ridding British Columbia of an undesirable population.  The defeat of the British government in the  house of commons, and the passing for the first  time, by a majority of thirty, of mr. Pease's annual motion  far the suppression of the opium  traffic in  India, was a, very significant, and to  those who believe that the love of righteousness  should be the ..supreme "motive in the parliament  and in the nation, a very hopeful event.    Notwithstanding the heartless sneers of the Times  and the Standard at what the one is pleased to  call   "a  spasm   of cheap  puritanism," and  the  other "the demand of a coterie of fussy sentimentalists," it is impossible for any one who has  a knowledge  of  the  facts,   and  ii*   whom the  ethical sense is not utterly torpid, to deny that  the policy and practice at which the resolution  is aimed are iniquitious in a degree which language can scarcely exaggerate.    The history of  the series of utterly unjustifiable wars, or butcheries, by which the British government forced  the  Chimese empire to open its  gates  to   the  opium trade, is, undeniably, one of the foulest-  blots  upon   the  annals  of   that  or   any  other  Christian   nation.    And  the   manner in which  the advantages gained by those war's are to this  day utilized by the government of India, with  Great Britain's consent and approval, is, as any  impartial mind  must   admit,   not.  a  whit less  iniquitous.    The whole  business affords a most  striking  and painful example of the extent to  which the conscience of even a Christian nation  can' be  narcotized by revenue  considerations.  The Indian government's monopoly of the'manufacture of opium in Bengal'brings in an average  annual revenue of about 2.725,000 pounds  sterling.    In order to secure this, the queen of  Great Britain and empress of India becomes, in  the words of David McLaren, J. P., "probably  " by far the largest manufacturer in the world;  " and that of an article not one grain of which  "dare be sold in her home territories, even for  "medicine, without being marked poison." And  yet about 90,000 chests, of about 140 pounds each,  of this drug are shipped annually to China and  the   Straits   Settlements.    The   whole   of   this  amount is not, it is true,  manufactured under  the government monopoly in Bengal.    A considerable part of it is the product of the native  states of central India.    But before the Malwa  opium,  as   it  is   called,   can   reach   a   port of  shipment it must pass through British territory,  and the  government derives its revenue from  this in the shape of a "heavy transit duty, which  brings in an annual  income of about 1,825,000  pounds sterling.    Thus it will be seen that the  suppression of the traffic would mean a loss to  the Indian government of more  than four and  a-half, or as stated in round numbers by  rnr.  9fiSSk  MP  ���������.-.���������..-��������� .,-,n ��������� -cv��������� mil.   ii i- "������������������������������������ y.-Hi- ������- j el. ��������� i w ������������������ i -i jr uir.i������ ������������������������ ������������������������������������������ ��������� ��������� ������������������_ i ��������������������������� ���������-- _��������� ? r ^ ���������_ ii |     j ���������ir-i���������F������iM ��������� ���������������i\rn-Tf -, ��������� i i _i|li ���������    i       ii   i     ������ r^i"!)1, .1"^.", '.- i,J--*T~TTZr":%?" -f'tn���������."���������rfi-glwr.-'.Trr'i'--    .   '.V-'':  J'"1'J'..'-  J Jti ���������'���������',���������?'' .'i- i, K ' ������������������"*," vjiV  "^ ,i'-''.n-"    '! -V,i- '.H. i1*        ��������� s-J���������Ti"t .*   ' ji "���������"C"���������F"_."i,'"SVJ_TV5    iS 1 W<'Wi"-������yrnT& i-V- . iiSifa *f% THE  MDTEB:    NELSON,   B.   0.,  SATUEDAY,   MAY 16,  1891.  Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the/public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect G-oods  and compare Prices.  am Street, BEVELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Ternon Street, NELSON.  Smith,   government   leader   in   the   commons,  about five millions  of pounds  annually.    This  deficiency would probably have to be made up  by the British government.    It would no doubt  be very hard on the British tax-payer, but the  law of righteousness compels a nation as an individual to atone for past iniquities.    It would  be unnecessary, even had we the space, to attempt a description of the results of this traffic  both in China and in some parts of India.    The  testimony  of merchants, travelers, physicians,  missionaries, government ambassadors and officers, Chinese statesmen, in a word, of observers  of all classes, is that the effects are awful beyond  all  description.    Once the taste is formed, the  craving becomes so irresistible that the smoker  will stop short of no crime  to  appease it.    A  noble business this, truly, for a great Christian  nation to be engaged in!    And yet those who  would have Great Britain wash its hands of it  are   "fussy sentimentalists," affected  with   "a  spasm of cheap puritanism."   The kind of senti-  mentalism and  puritanism   which  poured  out  millions of British gold to purchase the freedom  of African slaves throughout the empire may be  trusted, at no distant day, to wipe out at still  greater cost this crying national iniquity.  Tlie Gfi-oSiiaaia Reclamation Work.        (i  On April 15th The Miner, in referring to the  Grohman reclamation work, printed the following: "It is reported that mr. Grohman is no  " longer managing director of the reclamation  " company, and that nothing more will be done  " until the whole scheme has been looked into,  " and the feasibility of the work reported on by  " a competent engineer." The letter below will  explain mr.   Grohman's   connection   with   the  company:  To the Editor of The Miner: Having-just returned  from England I understand that you have published a  notice that I am no longer connected with the company or  companies carrying out the reclamation scheme in your  district. I am, as you can see from my power of attorney  registered with the register general of the province, managing director of the Kootenay Syndicate, Limited, of London/England, the corporation to whom, in conjunction with  myself, the concession embracing the reclamation works  was granted by the government of British Columbia.   A  VVJ.JU. t-.S \J KjU 1- KS A J V^-*V (JAIVA11 _V>" ������.* a. i V t. J w ������ ,    liv       ������_V *.   *_/        .*.**_.\_<__\_/0 LVUL        ill  matter the origin of this slightly incorrect report, and  enquiry of C. W. Busk, me.-srs. Selous& Lewis, and  T. T. MoVittie will further disclose the not unimportant fact that I personally am paying for the works with  which the above are connected. Please correct this error  or your now widely circulating journal will spread this  "Kootenay yarn" to regions where its place or origin would  no longer tell its tale versus the hard dollars I am putting  up.   '." W. A. BAILLIE-GROHMAN.  Victoria, May 8th.  A Delusion and a Snare.  To the Editor of The Miner: The regulations regarding the introduction of mining machinery into British Columbia, free of duty, provided such machinery is not turned  out by Canadian factories, is a delusion and a snare.   The  Canadian firms apparently refuse to advertise their goods,  and as a natural consequence mining men are perfectly  ignorant of their existence, to say nothing of their whereabouts. That they do exist, however, is best shown by the  fact that I am in a position to give quotations for hoisting,  pumping, and: drilling plants, turned out by Canadian  houses, and to assert that the prices compare favorably  with those paid for similar machinery in the states. This,  of course, has nothing to do with the question whether any  duty should be imposed or not. Personally I feel that our  interests would best be furthered by its total repeal.  GEO: E.R. ELLIS: M. E: F.C.S.  Nelson, May 10th. ������       ' ,,  (xJjO. E. E. ELLIS, P. 0. S.  MINING   ENGINEER   AND   CHEMIST,  Author of "Practical Organic Analysis," the "Iron Ores of  the World," etc.; expert in the "Bluebird  Mining Suit" (Butte City);  ' ..'-NELSON, 15. C.    ,"  Will examine and report on, or superintend the development of, mining properties in West Kootenay; advises on the treatment of ores, and furnishes specifications of mining, milling, and smelting plants.  ASSAY CHARGES: Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each.  Gold and silver, or lead and silver, $2. Copper, $2.50.  Silver and copper, $3. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gold,  silver, and copper, ������>_ ; and so on.  PELLEW   HARVEY,  ASSAY AED  MINLTO  OrPIOES,  ���������  ���������OU>KN. B. ���������.  ( Silver, gold, or lead (each).   $1 50  Silver, gold, and lead (combined)...   3 00  Silver and lead... ..  2 50  Silver, gold, and copper     _ 50  Silver and gold .  2 00  Silver and copper ....'.:    3 50  Silver, gold, lead, and copper...:... 5 50  Copper by wet and electroylsis assay 2 50  Copper by fire assay .. ....   3 00  V.Oth.er assay prices on application.  W. J.  WILSON.  ASSAY  PRICE MST  TERMS.���������Cash with samples.   A discount of 10 per cent  when two or more are sent.    Agents wanted.  SALES OF ORE NEGOTIATED.  For several years assayer for Vivian & Sons, Swansea.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained  for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  Barrister at   Law,   Solicitor,   Notary, Public, Eto.  Office, Victoria street, Kamloops, B. C.  NOTICE.  To   consignees   of   goods to  Little Dalles for points in  British Columbia :  That goods will have to remain at Little Dalles unless  invoices accompany same. That consignees must arrange with the customs office at Trail Creek or other  parties to pass and pay duties. It being impossible for the  purser of the steamer to do so, as his work requires him to  devote all his time to it. F. G. CHRISTIE,  Agent C. & K. S. N. Co., Ld.  W.  PERDUE.  ERDUE.  proprietors of  .AT....   o  rTELSQrJ AND AlrJSWOBTE.  Will contract to supply mining companies and steamboats  with fresh meats, and deliver same at any mine or  .landing in the Kootenay Lake country.  CORRAL AND STABLING  AT NELSON,  where saddle and pack animals can always be hired, and  teams obtained for job teaming.  3ve____i2:e coisttracts  with merchants for hauling freight to or from railroad  depot and steamboat wharf.  NELSON OEFICE AND MARKET,  NO. II EAST BAKER STREET  cINTY  PROPRIETOR OF THE  ZPIOIDTIEJIEIE?,  RAL and STABL  Ward'Street,   rear <������ovenimeut  Rnildiiig,  NELSON, B. C.  Will undertake any work or contract in which pack animals or. teams can be used.    Will furnish  SADDLE AND PACK ANIMALS  to parties who wish to examine mines and claims  in Toad Mountain district.  WILL   OONTKAOT  TO  0AEEY PASSENOEES  and baggage to and from hotels ; also, freight  to and from steamboat wharves and  railway depots.  CONTRACT TO GRADE LOTS  IN  NELSON.  ig'itaiMroML'iM  mnvwnmmn  n 6  THE  MINBE:M3LS0U, ���������'_.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  MAY 16,  1891.  George C. Hunt  J. Dover  Josephine Street,  Nelson, B.C.  Manufacturing Jewelers  for the Trade.  DIAMONDS  DEALERS IN   ���������{  JEWELEY  AND ALL FINE WATCHES  Carefully   Repaired   and   Satisfaction   Guaranteed.  Nelson Store, for the Present, in''"Miner" Building.  Branch Store at Donald, B. 0.  jasvses Mcdonald & oo.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from $6.50 to ������500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wrool  mattresses in stock. Mailorders from Kootenay  Lake points .will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  STREET, REVELSTOKE* B. C.  . F. Teetzel  DEALERS IN  CHEMICALS.  PATENT MEDICINES,  TOSLET ARTflOLES,  ETC.  WHOLESALE     DEALERS     IX     CIGARS.      RAYMOND  ' SEWBiVfi    MACHINES .IN   STOCK.  0or. East Baker and Ward Streets.  MINERAL   CLAIMS ��������� 'RECORDED   AT   NELSON.  favor   of  Wilhelm  Thursday, May 7th.��������� Rerecord in favor of  James FY Burr, Charles Brown, and John J.  Baker of the Queen Victoria mineral claim. An  extension of one month granted the owners of  the Heme, a mineral claim on Mineral mountain,  in which to do the annual assessment work, because of snow on the ground.  Friday, May 8th.��������� Record in favor of John  Case for Eclipse mineral claim, situate \ mile  west from Rover creek and about If miles west  from the Whitewater mineral claim.  Saturday, May 9th.���������Rerecord in  Thomas Feehan, W. R.Will, and  Hansen of the Ivanhoe mineral claim.  Tuesday, May 12th.���������Record in favor of James  "M. Gray and A. L. Martin for Unomineral claim,  situate about \ mile west from Eagle creek and  about 400 feet south of government trail.  Record in favor of James M. Cray and  A. L. Martin for Moonlight mineral claim, situate about i mile west from Eagle creek and near  the Shearer claim. Record in favor of William  Brokaw and James Dawson for Majestic mineral claim, situate between 49 and Eagle creeks,"  and near old government trail to the.Hall mines.  Rerecord in favor of Simon Roy of the Nevada  mineral claim. Record in favor of Antoine  Maurin of Sunnyside mineral claim, situate  about 4������ miles east from Nelson near head of  west branch of Anderson creek. Rerecord in  favor of A. J. Marks, Alfred Bunker, and Robert 0. Ferguson of the Elizabeth mineral claim.  Wednesday, May 13th.���������Record in favor of  John Bussor of Sunday Morning mineral claim,  situate on west side of Rover creek and adjoining the Eclipse mineral claim on the east. Record in favor of Charles Van Ness of the Uphia  mineral claim (formerly the John O'Brien), situate about 1 mile southwest of the Poorman.  Rerecord in favor of Oliver Bordeau of the Golden dale mineral claim.  The. Remarkable Verney Case. 1  Captain Verney, recently convicted in London  for procuring young girls for immoral purposes,  is said to be enjoying himself in jail so far as  physical comforts are concerned, although nobody who has seen the man doubts that he is  under a terrible mental strain. It is talked of  as the most remarkable case of Hyde-Jeckyll in  the generation. Verney had an excellent side  to his character; he was foremost in genuine  work of philanthropy and charity, and all the  time as Wilson he was following a most despicable career. His friends say that he is insane ;  on a certain subject the common people looked  upon him as an, accomplished scoundrel, who  has not received a tithe of his deserts. It is said  that his wife stands by him. Under English  law she could not procure a divorce if she  wished to, as he has not been cruel to her personally. She is of independent estate in her  own right. Unlike colonel Valentine Baker,  Verney is too old to build up a, reputation that  would wipe out the past. A German officer, under the circumstances, would have committed  suicide. English society is just now rife with  wretched scandals, in some instances involving  other men as high as captain Verney, perhaps.  May Cause the   General   Election to   be Postponed.  The great Liberal victory in the parliamentary election at Scarborough, Yorkshire, England, is the most encouraging event for the  Gladstonians since 1886. The immediate effect  may be to cause the government to defer the  general elections, which would have taken place  in July but for this defeat. The postponement  can hardly be beyond autumn, however, and the  Tories declare the Scarborough result is not of  vital significance.  A Great Lacrosse Throw.  At  Cornwall,   Ontario,   on  the  10th  instant,  Hugh   Adams,   cover   point   of   the   Cornwall  lacrosse club, threw a lacrosse ball 156 yards 2  feet and 156 yards 7 inches, both of which are  far in advance of any previous record. There  was no wind,  a record.  He throws again on the 23rd for  Working Classes Thoroughly Aroused.  The news from  Belgium  is quite  alarming.  The striking spirit is spreading like an epidemic,  and multitudes are leaving work in every center  of industry. The army could not be depended  on in case of revolution, for in no other country  of Europe is there such a close fraternization  between the people and the troops. The Belgian parliament has lost its opportunity to gain  the popular goodwill through a satisfactory  measure of extended suffrage, and the working1  classes are thoroughly aroused to an assertion  of their rights. Belgium is a cluster of in in es  and factories, and the protracted idleness of  large bodies of men is bound to result in disorder, if not insurrection. It is said that king  Leopold, on his recent visit to England, largely  increased his deposits in English bank's:'  The Chilian War.  The latest advices from Chili state that president Balmaceda is recruiting a new regiment  for a vigorous conduct of the war and is preparing expeditions by land and sea for the recovery  of the provinces now held by the rebels. It is  also asserted that the situation has been much  misrepresented, and that Balmaceda has the  common people with him, the wealthier families siding, as a rule, with the insurgents. Don  Augustin Eduardo was selected for president by  the party now in insurrection. His bank at  Valparaiso lias been closed by order of the government, a horse shoe nailed over the door, and  all the clerks and officials imprisoned. His cattle, chiefly imported from England at high  prices for breeding purposes, have been killed  and eaten by Balmaceda's troops. The insurgents are said to be aided by English influences.  Can Eat the Reef* with'Impunity..;'  Every  beef animal   that   leaves   the  United  States has its ear pierced.    A fine wire passes  through the hole, and   attached to the wire is a  tiny brass tag, not nearly so large as some of  the ear pendants ladies used to wear. Upon the  tag is a number and the initials "U.S. A.''  This shows that the animal has been examined  by the United States government inspectors  and is perfectly sound and healthy, and that  even weak -stomached royalties may eat, that  beef with impunity. The government deserves  great credit for the .pains it has taken to warrant the"'prime condition of American beef cattle. The influence of these thoroughgoing measures is already beginning to react favorably in  Europe.  Dan Reed's  Rody Found.  The bodv of Dan  Reed who was drowned in  the rapids below Sproat last March has been  found in the Columbia, about a quarter of a mile  below the boundary, in the big eddy near the  mouth of the Pend d'Oreille river, by an Indian.  A justice of the peace at Little Dalles was notified and an inquest held. The body was afterwards buried near where it was found. The  face and head of the deceased were cut and  ���������bruised by the rocks, and the remains were only  recognized by the clothing. Reed's brother,  who lives in Memphis, Tennessee, was notified  of the finding of the body.  Buys a Squaw for Fifty. Dollars.  A young Englichman, said to be a Montana  rancher, struck Moose Jaw, a station on the Canadian Pacific, last Friday, and somewhat surprised the citizens by throwing his money  around as if it was no object to him. Among  his many large bargains was 'the purchase of a  Sioux squaw for which he paid the sum of $50.  AINSWORTIB,  _5. C.  PACK AMD  SADDLE HORSES  Contracts taken for hauling supplies, machinery, ore, etc.,  to and from mines in Hot Springs district.  ALL   TEAMING   WORK   UNDERTAKEN.  *f|.. ������������������IV.'A" l-V  tii/JiB. v.- <*. <������������������������������������.���������,���������.��������� .'.���������������*���������/* ���������?!.;.:.'? -> a.-ii'- .'.t������������������l���������������-,: ������������������������!���������������* .*-.-������������������*���������.*.-���������������������������*������ ��������������������������� vi'A -������*-:<.f.tri .v>-\ i\i"���������'��������� .������;.* -iw -*...��������� ���������i*'-*:'::. .'.is'-fP'-WjEr yi'V'j-'-"- --ji-i-i vy"^������":'!:."*.>������* **-Aitn-i.:-\'-J?������. .������������������������������ ���������������."������, "sVt*-*t ������������������:''.���������"���������������'*-. ���������.���������>.,���������:���������:���������������.\\ ���������-*���������������������������������*..������������������..4 ^���������.������������������t-'. ���������.������.. ���������-.' .'������������������-. v-.u ri-i;;-l..-'������>   ���������"K-i.-W-"*',!*-:-! '.^.-.^fl *���������>'.���������..������-;* ;��������� THE  MIME:   JTELSON,   B.   C���������   SATURDAY,  MAY  16,  1891.  7  ENAY HOT  "Vernon Street, near Josephiner  ��������� ���������.NEtSON,..B. ���������.���������'.'.'  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B."C.  H.   &   T.   MADDEN  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with a frontage towards  Kootenay river, and is newly-  furnished throughout, o  SODERBERG &. JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE ROOMS  THE TABLE  a? xi _e  t _A. b L ^3  Is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR  IS   STOCKED  WITH  THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TWO-STOEY HOTEL IN  NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE   TABLE   SS   NOT SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-EOOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGAKS  AND THE FBTEST BEARDS OF LIQUOES.  PROPRIETORS  BALFOUR,   15. C.  FLINT & GALLOP, Proprietors.  The BALFOUR commands a fine view of the Outlet and  Lake, and wilt be kept second to no hotel in  Hot Springs district.  Balfour is easily accessible to the mines in Hot Springs  district, and is in the center of a large area of mineral country not yet prospected.    It is also  within easy distance of the Kootenay  Lake and Pilot Bay sawmills.  TRAIL  CREEK, B. C.  W.  SI.  POIl JLTQiV  PRO PR03TOR  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Creek  mining district, its proprietorbeing a caterer of experience.  The table will always be supplied with the best of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with choice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure rye  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  are comfortable in size and      is  acknowledged   the best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  TIHIIE  3B-i^IR,  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  "The  Pinest Hotel in Toad   Mountain  District."  THE SILVER KING  Corner West Baker and Ward Streets,  ,:NE1LS������JV, B. C.  JOHNSON   &   fVlAHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  The Silver King is a new building and furnished with new  furniture from kitchen to attic.   The table will not  be equalled by any hotel in Nelson.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  a  TIHZIE  HOTEL AND EESTAIJEANT.  EALS   AT  ALL   HOURS  OPEN   DAY   AN������    NI������IIT.  Eooms and Sleeping Accommodations for 30 People  NO. 13   EAST BAKER  STREET.  ___C-  J".  ZEZDSOUNT J-   SI3_TT3_A__Ei  PROPRIETORS.  Prospectus of the Kootenay Lake  Telephone Company, Limited.  The Kootenay Lake  Telephone   Company,  Limited,  a  chartered corporation, will erect a main telephone line  from Nelson  to Ainsworth. via Buchanan's sawmill and  Balfour, and branch lines from Nelson  to the mines on  Toad mountain and from Ainsworth to the mines in Hot  Springs district, with central exchanges at Nelson and  Ainsworth.    The capital stock of the company is divided  into 5000 shares of a par value of $10 each.   Of these, 250  paid up shares have been apportioned to the promoters of  the company for defraying the expenses incident to the  procurement of the charter, which leaves 4750 shares to  erect the company's line.   The estimated cost of the proposed lines is $7000.    To raise that amount 2500 shares are  now offered subscribers, subscription books to be opened  at Nelson and at Victoria, and paj-ment to be made as follows :   $1 per share on subscription : $1 per share on Juno  15th, 1891, and 50 cents per share on July loth, 1891. If more  shares are subscribed for than placed on the market, then  the  shares shall be allotted  pro rata.    The subscription  books of the company are now open  at the office of Houston, Ink & Allan, Nelson, and at the office of'Bodwell &  Irving, Victoria. JOHN HOUSTON (president),  R. E. LEMON (vice-president),  J. E. WALSH (secretary),  CHARLES H. INK,  Nelson, B. C, April 29th. Provisional directors.  The Alberta & British Columbia Exploration Company,Limited, (Poreign).  Registered the 22nd day of April, 1891.  CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION.  This is to certify that I have this day registered "The  Alberta and British Columbia Exploration Company, Limited," (Foreign), under the "Company's Act, Part IV, Registration of Foreign Companies."  The objects for which the company is established are :  1. To apply for and obtain any legislative or other powers necessary for the construction, maintenance, and working of any railway or railways, British, colonial, or foreign,  and to negotiate for and endeavor to obtain conventions,  charters, subsidies, grants, aids or other assistance in furtherance of such objects or incidental thereto.  2. To undertake the construction and establishment,  and the management, maintenance, and working of any  such railway or railways, either itself or make them over  wholly or partly to other companies or persons.  3. To take contracts, British* colonial, or foreign, and execute them either itself or by sub-cOntractors.  i. To undertake the labilities of any company, association, partnership, or person.  5. To aid any body politic or corporate, or company or association or individuals with capital, credit, means, or resources for the prosecution of any railways, works, undertakings, projects, or enterprises.  6. To prosecute and execute, directly or by contributions  or other assistance, any such or any other railways, works,  , undertakings, projects, or enterprises in which, br for the  proscution whereof, or on the security whereof, or of any  profits derivable therefrom, the company shall have invested money or embarked capital.  7. To buy or otherwise acquire and sell on its own account or for a commission all kinds of property, real and  personal, moveable and immovable^and to manage, develop, mortgage, sell, dispose of or otherwise deal with all  or any part of the property of the company as may seem  expedient.  8. To take or otherwise acquire and dispose of shares,  stock, debentures, bonds, or other securities in any other  company, British, colonial, or foreign, and to pay or agree  to pajr under any contract to be entered into by the company, or for services rendered to such company or this company, in cash or in such stock, shares, or debentures or any <  part thereof.^      (  9. To re-issue any stock, shares, debentures, bonds, or  other securities with or without the guarantee of the  company.  10. To purchase or otherwise acquire, settle, improve,  and cultivate lands and hereditaments, British, colonial, or  foreign.  11. To purchase, hire, construct, or manufacture any  rolling stock, machinery, or plant.  12. To develop the resources of any land and hereditaments by building, planting, clearing, mining, or otherwise  dealing with the same, and to subscribe out of the funds of  the company towards any purpose calculated to improve  or benefit such property.  13. To stock lands and to breed and deal in cattle of all  kinds, and produce and to colonise the same, and to aid  and encourage emigration.  14. To make, provide, maintain, and carry on, use and  work, or contribute towards the making, providing, maintaining, carrying on, using, and working any such railway  or railways as aforesaid, and also tramways, telegraph  lines, canals, reservoirs, wells, aqueducts, roads, streets,  piers, wharves, and other works which may de deemed expedient for the purposes of the company, or contract with  others to do the same.  15. To promote or concur in promoting any company or  corporation, whether British, colonial, or foreign, and to  acquire, hold, and dispose of shares, stocks, or securities of  any such company or corporation, and to pay the expenses  of the promotion and underwriting the capital of any company or corporation so promoted.  16. To mortgage, with or without a power of sale, and  otherwise deal with all or any of the property and.rights of  the company, and to raise money in any manner which may  be thought advisable, and partly by the issue of debentures  or debenture stock, charged either in themselves or by a  covering deed upon all or any part of the company's property, and to lend money and to negotiate loans of every description.  17. To procure the capital for any company in any country, buc particularly in England or Canada, for the purpose of carrying into effect any objects of any company  formed for the purpose of agriculture, or for acquiring or  working mines or colleries or other purposes, and to issue ,  the capital of such companies and to subscribe for, purchase, dispose of and otherwise deal in the shares, bonds,  and securities of such companies.  IS. To sell the undertaking of the com pan y, or any part  or parts thereof for such consideration as may be thought  proper, whether payable wholly or partially in cash or in  shares, stock, or debentures or other securities of any other  company, British, colonial, or foreign, now formed or hereafter to be formed, and to distribute any of the property of  the company among the members in specie.  19. To make, endoi'se, accept, and execute promissory  notes, bills of exchange, and other negotiable instruments.  20. To exercise all or any of the powers given by the  "Companies Seals Act, 1804" and the "Companies' (colonial) Registers Act, 1S83."  21. '1 o do all or any of the above things in any part of the  world, either as principals or agents, contractors or otherwise, and to procure if thought necessary, the company to  be constituted or incorporated as a corporation, or its nearest equivalent, in any country or colony whatever.  22. To do all such other things as are incidental or conducive to the above objects.  The capital of the company is ������20,000, divided into 200  shares of ������100 each.  The place of business of the said company in the province  of British Columbia is situated at 21 Bastion street, Victoria, in the said province of British Columbia.  x In  testimony whereof I have hereto set  r^"" \        my hand and affixed my seal of office  /      L   S        I       ^his 22nd day of April, 1891, at the city of  | ' f       Victoria in the province of British Col-  v J"      umbia.       (Signed) C. J. LEGGATT.  Registrar of Joint Stock Companies. 8  THE MItfEE:    NELSON,   B.   0:.,   SATUBDAY,  MAY 16,   1891.  Main Street,  EEVELSTOKE  ailroad Avenue,  SPEOAT.  1   ������������������     ' - ,      ���������-������������������_,.���������   .  .       ^ilA������t#  iAria:oiL,E]S__^.i_^i ^l.j<tid retail  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' "Whiskies.  ernon  SMAML   ftT6I������������ETS   OF    NEWS.  Richard Ashworfh, W. Jevons, and W.-T. Hamilton arrived at Nelson on Wednesday. They come from Billings,  Montana, with a view of making investments in mines and  real estate. Mr. Ashworth is one of the largest owners of  cattle in the Yellowstone valley.  H. F. Keef er,< R. C.Ferguson, and R. G. Tatlow came in  from Vancouver on Tuesday, to be present at the trial run  of ore from the Wild Cat. They were accompanied by  captain O'Brien of the steamship Premier and mr. Dunn, a  Vancouver hardware merchant. The rough waters oh the  Arrow lakes knocked captain O'Brien off his sea legs, but  the others being fresh water navigators, stood the trip all-  right.  Among the knights of commerce who visited the lake  country this week were Fred Chilcott, W. R, Angus, W.-  S., Heflerman, arid L. Godbolt, representing Montreal and'  Winnipeg houses.   They, of course, claim that their houses  can sell goods cheaper than any other houses in Canada.  Among the wanderers to return this week from hibernating at Spokane was A. S. Beebe. Mr. Beebe is entitled  to more than empty words for the trouble he took and the  time and money he spent in making the Kootenay Lake  exhibit of minerals at the Spokane exhibition.  It is understood that E. S. Topping has disposed of all  his miningo interests in Trail Creek district to Spokane  . parties.   The consideration is stated at $60,000, part of the  'purchase price being Spokane real estate.  H. F. Keefer has finished his grading contract on the  Columbia & Kootenay railway, and the force employed  has scattered. Some of the men went over to the Great  Northern, others to the coast and to eastern Canada, and  the timekeeper to see his best girl in Vancouver. He took  along several souvenirs from the boys over whose movements he so closely watched during the year he kept their  time. s He also took along a new suit of clothes.  ..The kiln of lime burned by messrs. Bainbridge & Arthur  is pronounced of good quality. It is now being barrelled  and sacked and will be sold at about 75 cents a bushel.  But one bid was tendered at Nelson for the construction  of the Nelson and Toad Mountain wagon road, that of W.  A. Flager. It is understood another bid was tendered at  Revelstoke by H. F. Keefer. If the work had been commenced by day's labor the road would have been half built  by this time. As things are now, the road will be completed some time in the dim future.  The owners of the Hoover addition have awarded a contract to W. C. McLean to grade Stanley street from Baker  street to the southern limit of the addition, a distance of a  mile. Other streets will also be graded. About 40 men  will be emplo3recl on the work. '  G. O. Buchanan has started a lumber yard at Nelson, and  will reside here as soon as his residence is completed. Pie  brought in a raft of 150,000 feet of lumber oh Thursday. It  is reported that he has made an arrangement with Ed  Sullivan to run the mill for 2 years. The latter is an Al  sawyer, and has for some time been employed at the Nelson Sawmill Company's mill.  The Davies-Sayward Lumber Company has purchased  the steamer Surprise from the Hendryx line, and from this  time on manager Bushby will be dubbed "commodore" by  the boys.  R. H. Kemp, who has done much to make the resources  of the Kootenay Lake country known, came in from Spokane on Tuesday. Mr. Kemp says the exhibit of Hot  Springs and Toad Mountain ores at the rooms of the Mining Exchange in Spokane is noticed by mining men, and  that it is to the interest of claim owners in the two districts to make additions to the exhibit.  A. D. Wheeler, accompanied by mrs. Wheeler, arrived  at Nelson today, on their way home to Ainsworth. Mr.  Wheeler reports the new steamboat at Little Dalles  launched, but the machinery nowhere in sight, It was ordered from Dubuque, Iowa, and was to have been shipped  on April 15th. C. D. Corbin of the Spokane & Northern is  on the ground, and is just a little "riled" because of the delay, The steam launch Alpha was found to be utterly  worthless.  Nelse Gordon and Dan McDonald, 2 of the best miners  and prospectors that ever packed a canteen in Arizona, arrived at Nelson on Thursday from the parched and arid  south. They will remain and help develop the greatest  mining country on earth.  Personals : William Kirkup, the hardware merchant of  Revelstoke, arrived on Tuesday and will put in a store at  Nelson. Dan Dunn who has helped build many a mile of  the Canadian Pacific came in from Ottawa on i riday.   He  was accompanied by mrs. Dunn, and has come to stay.  Alec McDonald, a wholesale liquor merchant of Donald, is  in Nelson taking a look at the fall's'of Cottonwood Smith  creek with a view of starting a moonshine distillery. F.  C. Innes, a Vancouver real estate operator, and who is  largely interested in Nelson property, made a first trip over  the Columbia & Kootenay railway on Tuesday. E. D.  Ainsworth, who is interested in mining ground in both  Hot Springs and Toad Mountain districts, is in Nelson.  Dune McDonald, Sam Green, and John McLeod, were 3 of  Sproat's leading citizens who spent a day or two away  from the cares of business this week.  Over $400 was taken in at the 'mining recorder's office at  Ainsworth last month for recording claims and bills of  sale. ���������. ��������� .��������� 0  A well-known resident of the lake country, in passing  through Nelson today said: "I posted a letter at Ainsworth on Tuesday of a week not long since, and it was delivered safe arid sound at Victoria on the following Tuesday afternoon.' I left Nelson on Thursday, and reached  Victoria safe and sound on Sunday evening." Comment  is not in order, for it might offend mr. Fletcher, postoffice  inspector at Victoria.  C. F. Williamson of Butte, Montana, came in today by  way of Little Dalles. He reports the wagon road from  Kootenay station to Bonner's Ferry in good condition, it  being corduroyed from the station to Pack river. Mr.  Williamson, in partnership with Charles Olson, will build  a hotel at Ainsworth.  J. Fred Hume & Co. are in receipt of a number of the  only old and reliable genuine Peterboro canoes. Of course,  they are for sale.  New advertisers: Green Brothers, general merchandise,  Ainsworth and Sproat: A. E. Bryan, assayer and chemist,  Ainsworth; T. A. Mills, sign writer and painter, Nelson.  All these business men are reliable or their "ads" would  not appear in The Miner.  A  CARD.  To the Traveling Public:  The undersigned, to accommodate our largely increasing  business, will erect at once a 40-foot addition to THE MERCHANTS, the addition to be used for private dining rooms,  kitchen, and store-room. They will also place a double  verandah in front of the present building. THE MERCHANTS will be made headquarters for mining men.  Nelson, May 16th.  EDSON & SINDAR.  NOTICE.  A sitting of the county court of Kootenay will be held at  Nelson on Saturday, the 20th day of June, 1891.  T. H. GIFFIN, registrar.  Nelson, May 12th, 1891.  NOTICE.  Genelle Brothers, lumber manufacturers of Tappen Siding and Sproat, beg to inform the people of Nelson and  vicinity that they have arranged to open a lumber yard at  Nelson by the middle of May. They will undertake to furnish lumber of every description, either rough or dressed,  at low figures, and will guarantee to give satisfaction to all  purchasers.  Sproat, May 9th, 1891.  NOTICE.  Purchasers of lots in Balfour are hereby requested to  take notice that they can obtain titles to their property as  soon as the final deposits are paid, which are now due.  Money may be paid to mr. Selous at Nelson or to myself at  Balfour. C. W. BUSK.  May 16th, 1891.  rr.r"T?r^.,y7^'.L-V13V"������<".7*^ ''���������' ��������� _*'Jv'!lir \rif*?7r?ft':e''+f7ll~'*���������T^T^'J -'iS"-���������-"*'"^"^TTSIf '!_^_?_*T"^"SPKTrarsrr  NOTARY PUBLIC.  REAL ESTATE AND MINES,  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission.   Conveyancing documents drawn up.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  Postoilicc Store,  Nelson, 15. C.  AND CErTTS' PURNISHINa GOODS.  -      ALSO,  FULL LINES OP  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  GBGARS   AT   WHOLESALE  PAINTER AND   DECORATOR.  Address :   Nelson Hotel.  ____ _���������_������ _   B     _    S   4H   -_J  (Late Assayer for the Anaconda Company, Butte, Montana.)  ASSAYEB and CHEMIST,  AINSWOBtTM,   B.C.  Assay Charges.���������Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each. Gold  and silver or lead and silver, ������2. Copper, $2.50. Silver and  copper, $3. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gold, silver, and  copper, $3.50.  IB  '9  Physician, Surgeon, and Accoucheur,  Office:   Stanley Street.  Dental fillings, guaranteed for one year, neatly and carefully done in gold, amalgam, or cement on Tuesdays and  Fridays from 2 to 4 P. M.  NOTBCE.  All parties indebted to the firm of R. J. Hilts & Co. are  hereby notified to pay no moneys or make no settlements  unless on the order or with the written consent of the  undersigned. JOHN LEE.  Nelson, B. C, May 16th, 1891.  E-?.-������i-4M_-1_.  P -l������H-'*'>.=K.#  ?^������T^������^^ *i*r3sfe"*

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