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The Miner May 30, 1891

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Array Only I*aper  Printed  in the  I_ootcnay l^ake Mining Districts.   ,  For Kates  of Subscription and  Advertising  See Fourth Page.  DUMBER 50.  NELSON, BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,  MAY   30,   1891.  $4 A YEAR.  THE  XAST   SPIKE -.DRIVEN.  The last spike was driven in the Columbia &  Kootenay railway at Nelson on Thursday dur-  ing a rain-storm, with not a resident of the town  present   to   witness  the  event���������an   event,   too,  that will  mark an epoch  in  the history of the  lake country.   While The Miner printed many  paragraphs regarding the faulty construction of  the road, yet it recognizes the fact that the road  will  do  much to develop  the resources of this  section of British Columbia, and to that end its  completion should have been celebrated in a befitting   manner.     But   although   no   one   was  present    to     make    a   speech    of    congratula-=  tion,   or   even   open   a   bottle    of   good   cheer  with'   Robert   Watmore,   the   superintendent,  of   tracklavers,  The   Miner  will   hand  Bob's  name down   to posterity as the  man who laid  track on the crookedest grade in America, and  in   doing   so  overcame  difficulties that   would  have baffled an ordinary man.   The track is now  being  ballasted, and   mr.   Watmore expects to  have it in pretty good shape within  30 days.  Trains now covering the distance (28 miles) in 2  hours.    Hereafter a train will leave Robson for  Nelson on Mondays and Thursdays on the arrival  of the boat from Revelstoke, which will enable  passengers to make the run through from Revelstoke in one day.    Until the new boat at Little  Dalles is completed, a train will leave Nelson on  Tuesdays and Fridays in time for passengers to  make connection with the boat for Revelstoke.  The Nelson office will be opened next week, mr.  Hutchins, the agent, being on the ground.    As  soon as arrangements can be  perfected an express office wilt also be.opened. ,  The Nelson *& Fort Sheppard  Railway..  Provided the Dominion government does not  disallow the bill granting a charter to the Nelson & Fort Sheppard railway, engineers will be  in the field making preliminary surveys within  60 days. The distance from Nelson to Fort  Sheppard is 66 miles, and the estimated cost of  the surveys is $15,000. The promoters of the  company have asked the provincial government  for right-of-way and grounds for terminal facilities at Nelson. It is understood that the right-  of-way has already been granted and that the  grounds for terminal facilities will be. The  grounds wanted are located immediately in  front of the town, these together with foreshore  rights extending east from the foot of Hendryx  street are considered ample for the requirements  of the company. The people of Nelson have petitioned the provincial government to reserve  for the uses of the town the foreshore between  the foot of Hendryx and the foot of Stanley  streets���������a distance of about 1500 feet, the remainder to go to the railway companies.  IS ull'ding .Wagon  Roads.  Work was commenced on Monday on wagon  r'oads in both Toad Mountain and Hot Springs  ���������;������������������ districts.  The road in the latter district is underlie superintendence of A. M. Wilson.    It complices at  the United mine and wiil run to the  ���������lumber One, thence toward the Skyline.    This  'oute gives general satisfaction.   In Toad Moun-  i-'Jn���������-district,   work was resumed  where it was  ������������������,;t off last fall.    Winslow Hall is superintendent, with "Bob" Yuill and "Dan" Dunn as fore-  ien.    Over 60 men are already employed, and  the number will be increased from time to time.  Cutting the right-of-way has   reached  a  point  about 4 miles from Nelson. Mr. Hall claims that  by the middle of July the road  will be in shape  to permit machinery being hauled over it.  Will 35c  Shipiring Gold Within Sixty ������ays.  The building for the Whitewater Mining Company's   mill will be  completed   by Tuesday  of  next week, and is pronounced a first-class structure of the kind. The machinery for the mill  was placed on the cars at Nelson and run down   j  this afternoon to the "Whitewater company's  platform, opposite Ward's crossing. It will be  packed thence to the mill-site by Wilson & Perdu e's .train?. The mine is said to be looking well,  and mr. Goepel of Victoria, who is an owner in  the property, says he hopes to see the Whitewater sending out gold bullion within 60 days.  The company have put in a platform and chute  opposite Ward's hotel and have acquired that  property along with- the ferry from the Wards.  Mineral Claim's Recorded at  Nelson.  Saturday, May 16th.���������The Wild Cat, rerecorded by Hugh  McRae,  the estate of John  T. Pettus, (deceased),  R.  C.  Ferguson, and R." G. Tatlow.   The Pioneer, rerecorded by  ~J~oln1rj5^e"Wri& George H. Keefer.   The Chestnut, situate  on Morning mountain, lying parallel with and joining the  north side line of the Morning; Thomas A. Carter'and  Frank Goldsmith, locators. The Catamount, rerecorded  by Edwin R. Atherton. The Sidney, situate about 6 miles  below the railway bridge on the north side of the Kootenay ; John McKinn on, locator.  Monday, May 18th.���������The Nabob, situate on Toad mountain, about 1 mile west from the Hall camp, and being the  western: extension of the Irish Nell; E. J. Kelly, locator.  The Little Jem, situater^ii Toad mountain, about one  mile west from the Hail camp, and being the western extension of the Jim Crow ; E. S. Kelly, locator. The Mabel,  lying parallel with and joining the west side line of the  Wild Cat; R. C. Ferguson, R. G. Tatlow, H. F. Keefer, and  Hugh McRae, locators. The John A., situate oh the north  side of the Kootenay river, opposite the mouth of 49 creek,  and about li miles'from the river; Edwin R. Atherton,  locator. <?'.,  Tuesday, May 19th.���������The Forest, rerecorded by John  Loge and D. B. Campbell. '.  Wednesday, May 20th.���������The Homestead, situate 2 miles  below the railway bridge on the north side of the Kootenay river ; Dougald Carmichael and "Joseph Pownder, locators. The Sunnol, being the south extension of the Mabel  claim, between 49 and Eagle creeks; J. W. McFarland,  locator.  Thursday, May 21st.���������The Rothschild, situate on Rover  creek, about 800 feet above the government trail, and being the south extension of the Rockefeller ; Charles Nicholson, locator. The Lake State, situate on the left bank of  Sandy creek, abandoned by C. M. Gething and William  Springer.  Friday, May 22nd.���������The Maggie, rerecorded by A. J.  Marks and Alfred Bunker. The Nelson, situate between  Sandy and Eagle creeks, about 2 miles above the government trail; Daniel Taylor, locator.  Saturday, May 23rd.���������The Pine, situate on the west slope  of Morning raountain, about half a .mile north from the  Morning claim near the west end of the Maringo ; C. M.  Gething and William Springer, locators. The Mabel, situate on the west slope of Morning mountain, and parallel  with the north side line of the Pine; CM. Gething and  William Springer, locators.  Monday, May 25th.��������� The Early, situate on the west slope  of Morning mountain, and lying parallel with and joining  the north side line of the Maringo ; C. M. Gething and W.  Springer, locators. The Arlington, being the easterly extension of the Early; George Tunstall junior, locator.  The Nelson, situate 3 miles south-east from the town of  Nelson, about 100 feet above the wagon road ; Dan McDon-  <������������������ aid and Thomas Gordon, locators. The Humphrey, on the  west side of and about 2 miles above where the government trail crosses 49 creek; Joseph H. .Chapman and Alfred Bunker, locators.  Tuesday, May 26th. ��������� The Plutocrat, situate near the  headwaters of Rover creek, lying parallel with and joining  the north side line of the Midas ; John E. Walsh, locator.  The Annie, situate on Rover creek, near the Minnie claim ;  William J. Goepel, locator. The Indicator, situate at the  head of Rover creek, parallel with and joining the  Whitewater; W. D.Harris, locator.  Thursday, May 29th.���������The Royal Charter, rercorded by  . A. H. Kelly. The Irondale, situate about 1 mile below the  . railway bridge, on the south side of the Kootenay river ;  Joseph Pownder and Dougald Carmichael, locators.. The  Blue Bird, situate about half a mile north of the Poorman  mill; Dougald Carmichael and Joseph Pownder, locators.  The Annie May, situate half a mile from the Poorman mill,  300 feet west of the Blue Bird claim ; Dougald Carmichael  and Joseph Pownder, locators. The Blue Jacket, situate  on the north side of the Kootenay river, near the Marble  Edge ; Dougald Carmichael and Joseph Pownder, locators.  The Tinker, situate on Bird creek, about 2 miles from the  Kootenay; Dougald Carmichael and Joseph Pownder,  locators. ___    ��������� __   Operations to he Commenced  in Earnest.  Now that the snow has disappeared, mining  operations are about to be resumed in earnest iu  Hot Springs district. Ten men are work stop- '  ing ore on the Number One, and a force will be  placed on the Skyline on Monday, Scott McDonald, superintendent for the McCune company,  arriving on the ground today. Mr. McDonald  brought part of the working force with him,  and expects to be able to run the crosscut to the  Skyline ledge with the machinery on the  ground. Considerable prospecting is being  done and a number of good finds are reported.  A few sales have also been made.  NOT   ftlKELY   TO   I5E   A������OPTEI>.  The party of Canadian Pacific engineers who  were ordered to make; an exploration trip from  Bear Creek station on the main line to the head  of Kootenay lake passed through Nelson this  w^eek, on their -way.'to report to the chief engineer at Vancouver.    While the following information was not obtained from either of the engineers,   it  may  be  considered   reliable.     Beaver  River valley was followed to the summit of the  pass between that river and the headwaters of  Duncan   river.     The  ascent   of   the  valley   is  gradual, but the altitude of the /pass was found  to be 4500 feet, only about 2Q0 feet lower than  that of Rogers pass on the main line.    Five feet  of snow was encountered  on   the 8th  instant,  and  in  descending the  valley of the  Duncan  snow-slides   were   encountered   for a distance  of   5  miles.     The. summit of   the   pass is   25  miles from Bear Creek station, and the head of  Upper Kootenay lake 65 miles from the summit.  The trip from the summit to the head of the  lake was made in  10 days.    The streams were  high, and a day was lost in making the crossing  of Duncan river. They ran across a miner named  Hall  working  On  a bar on  the  Duncan.    He  claimed that he was doing well and that he had  taken out good pay last fall.    McMurdo district  is less than 3 miles to the east of the route taken,  but inaccessible because of the height and steepness of  the mountains.    The result of the trip  may   be   summed   up   as:    the   route,    while  practicable for a railway, has no special advantages over the present one across the Selkirks.  Surprised at What he Has   Seen.  On his return from Hot Springs district this  week, superintendent Cronin of the Poorman,  on being asked for an opinion of the lake country, remarked : "I am surprised at what I have  seen,  taking into  consideration  the  reports  I  have heard. I would* have been here 3 years  ago had I not been misinformed by men in  whom I placed confidence." This, coming from  a man whose reputation as a thoroughly practi-*  cal mining man is second to none in the country  from whence he comes���������the Coeur d'Alenes���������is  pretty good evidence that the theory that the  international boundary line is the north end-line  of all the mineral veins in North America is exploded. The Poorman mine and mill will probably start up next week, on the return of A. L.  Davenport, one of the owners, from Spokane.  Iiuchier than Their  Neighbors.  The machinery for the boat recently launched  at Bonner's Ferry arrived at Nelson this morning,   and  will be  forwarded by the Galena on  Tuesday. The boat will be used in transporting  supplies for the Great Northern railway, and  will be run from Bonner's Ferry to the falls of  the Kootenay���������a distance of 45 miles. The owners of the boat are in better luck than the owners of the boat recently launched at Little  Dalles, whose machinery is somewhere back in  Iowa in a busted up machine shop.  $37.50 in  Free   Gold  to the Ton.  The trial run at the Poorman mill of ore from  the Royal Canadian resulted in a surprise to the  people who have all along claimed that the ore  from that property was too low-grade to be a  working proposition. While the figures are not  positively stated to outsiders, they are placed at  $27.50 free gold per ton.  Native Silver on Kovcr Creel*.  The boys over on Rover creek say they can  show up just as fine-looking carbonate and  galena ore as is produced in Hot Springs district,  and, more, that they have found equally as rich  specimens of ore carrying native silver. From  specimens exhibited, their assertions are based  on something tangible.  IE?H1&^!r^,^i^^ ������������������!.���������., t*,���������. -a .^..^p^-^���������r^r^^������������������.���������,-1^^���������P,pw_^.^____1_T,_^_B_���������  ���������'���������V>,>r\frjl.&.^^^ ������������������.IJiM|.V"l.,.-...-n.  W___l___i_3!__i_M_I_!_f_.K^ THE   MMEK:    UELSGN,   B.   C.,  SATUEDAY,   MAY 30,   1891.  Main Street,  Wrig  *1 rf'h i-  Street,  &���������# v<  a is  JDJHl^T-tttJEi&   .TIEsT  Miners' BuDDlies, Iron and Stee  'i i ���������>*.  -1.  e, Groceries, Provisions,  en's EiirnisM       Etc., Etc.  A*   *������/4*  3E3-    Having bought the stock and book debts of the late firm of E. S. WILSOE" & CO., all parties having outstanding accounts  ;, are requested to call and settle them as soon as possible. ' ;���������'���������.'..���������.  A    MINERAL*'  DISPLAY". AT '/THE'   WOBIiD'S'.''FAIR.  OF INTEREST TQ  MINING MEN.  The Miner is in receipt of a letter from Al-  marin  B. Paul  of San Francisco, in  which he  states that he, and not James Delavan, should  be credited with  the authorship of the article  headed "The Best Methods to Treat Gold Ores,"  which appeared in The Miner, of April 25th.  The  correction  is made with pleasure, as mr.  Paul has done and is doing much to advance the  mining industry on the Pacific coast. In a communication to the Mining and Scientific Press  of San Francisco, mr. Paul gives the result of  some recent observations in Colorado, which  should be studied by British Columbians, for  they are as applicable to this province as to California. The mineral exhibit from British Columbia, and not the one from Colorado, should  take first rank, for from the Kootenay Lake  country alone can be sent-a" richer, and", inore  varied exhibit of minerals and building stones  than can he sent from any state in the union.  The following are extracts from mr. Paul's communication:  "The mining interest of Colorado is advancing steadily. Her gold and silver output for  1890 was many m illions in excess of California,  and the-prospects are that 1891 will Over-reach  1890. Whilehere I have not only inspected the  large smelters, by courtesy of proprietors, who  gave me unusual advantages, but gave some attention to the McArthur-Forrest process for  treating gold ores by cyanide. This process  was first brought out in Scotland, large works  being operated there; also in New Zealand, and  in South Africa. The company in Denver hold  the right for the United States. This company  has erected a 10-stamp mill with all the necessary appfiances for treating from 15 to 20 tons  per day, and as far as I have investigated the  process, it is not too much to say that there is  enough reality in it to present it very favorably  to my mincl. From' what I have been shown as  to the percentage obtainable in a very simple  way, it is a system that California's may regard  as worthy of their consideration and as having  passed the experimental stage. There is general  interest in Colorado in the mineral exhibit for  the World's fair, and now, while I think of it,  'what is California proposing to do? Of the  $300,000 appropriated by the state how much is  going to be set aside for the mineral exhibit?  The miners of California-should demand their  share of the state's appropriation, or let the  making of an exhibit, have the go-by.  "The mining interest has been imposed upon  by  the  granger and. railroad .landed . interests  long enough, and unless they see to it, all of the  "grand display" will be more largely in the interest of land manipulators.   The mining bureau  is the propei* institution, in connection with a  few representative mining men from every-mining county in the state, to have charge of collecting and making the  mineral exhibit of the  state.    Not less than $50,000. of the state's appropriation   should   be  devoted to  the mineral  exhibit, and what there is lacking over that the  mining counties would appropriate.   It is advisable to have this  question of how  much is to  be set aside for the mining department settled  as soon as possible, for then mining men can see  if there is to be any encouragement for them to  go ahead for a grand displaj^.    The mining ele  ment is in no very especial good mood for boom-  , ing the general lauded interest, and unless there  is a spirit of liberality shown, there will be no  effort made to display the vast wealth stored in  our mountains,  "These sentiments are simply the echo of what  I pick up on the wayside. Colorado is going to  lead off in the mineral display, and, to equal Her  California has got to do her best. The fact is,  if California really tries, she can have the most0:  attractive display if not tlie largest, and this  will be so from-the fact that more gold'would:  glitter in her display along! with her variety of  baser metals, building stones, etc., etc. As I  view it (from past experience) there is no time  to fool away in getting to work for the fair, so  let the powers that be say how much of the  $300,000 appropriation is to be set aside for the  mineral display. Taking the new discoveries,  the output of silver in Colorado and Utah,  which latter will exceed her last year's product  in silver largely, there is going to be too much  silver for the gold product of the country unless  some big gold find comes to the rescue."  The GamMer's Soliloquy.  To play or not to play���������that is the question,  Whether 'tis better, at this time to suffer  The stings and arrows of outrageous fortune,  Or take up arras against a sea of troubles,  And by opposing end them ?   To bet, to lose  No more ; and by one deal to say we end  The hard luck that so reluctantly pursues  And leaves us dead broke���������'tis a consummation  Devoutly to be wished.   To bet���������to win;  To win a stack of blues ; aye, there's the rub.  For in one run of luck,, what dreams may come  When we have whipsawed every turn  For one good deal; there's the prospect  That makes misfortune slink away ;  For who would bear the risks of faro,  The dealer's splits, the lookout's contumely,   '  The pangs of despised luck, the bank's per cent,  That swiftly follows every streak of luck,  When he himself might all his money save  By letting bank alone?   Who would burdens bear,  And grunt and sweat under a constant strain,  Did not the hope of winning in the end  A goodly portion of the banker's roll  Urge him on, to bet and bet again,  And then to madly try to call the turn ?  How conscience does make cowards of us all  When in despair we knock the coppers off  .   Of ev'ry bet we played to lose, and When  We switch, and copper ev'ry bet we played to win  And thus the native hue of resolution ,  Is sicklied o'er with dread uncertainty  And enterprises of great pith and moment  That we had planned, their currents turn away.  And, when too late, we realize  That luck comes not to them that bet at bank,  And they alone can winnings make who faro let alone.  Kitty, tlie Apple Woman of Piccadilly.  One of the best known characters in London  died this week after a career which, though simple, as the annals of the poor usually are, was  in many ways extraordinary. This was Kitty,  the famous old apple woman of Piccadilly.  Kitty was a little old maid, the oldest maid in  the world without doubt, as the age marked on  her burial certificate was 10-1- years. She had  sold apples on Piccadilly, in almost the same  spot, for half a century, and before that time  had sold apples somewhere else. Thousands  of visitors to London in the last half century  well remember the little bright-eyed bright-  faced mannikin, always ready with apples or  oranges and always grateful for a penny. Kitty  long since ceased to be a fruit merchant and  proudly occupied the position as a public curiosity.    About  her  one  hundredth  year her eyes  began to give out, and since then she has been  failing. Two months ago she ceased to appear  in her customary seat, and this week she died  in a little room at Glare street, off Leicester  square. Kitty is missed in Piccadilly. In perhaps the hottest corner of this 19th-century  Babylon, surrounded nightly by the ebb aud  flow' of a mad world's feverish tide of wickedness, Kitty's face was a spot of brightness and  goodness that alwavs made one stare.  ainsworth, as. c.  FOR   HIRE.  Contracts taken for hauling supplies, machinery, ore, etc;,  to and from mines in Hot Springs district.  ALL.TEAMING   WORK   UNDERTAKEN.  . Sutton Street, AISTSW^&TBT, B. ���������.���������  JOSIAH BROWN...:......... PROPRIETOR  (Formerly of Virginia, Nevada.)  The only short-order house in Hot Springs district.  Porterhouse and tenderloin steaks a specialty.  Meals at all hours.  ESE&J  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  (Late Assayer for the Anaconda Company, Butte, Montana.  AYEE and CHEMIST,  AJL\SWOKT_X,. II. ���������.  Assay Charges.���������������������������Gold, silver, or lead, $.1.50 each. Gold  and silver or lead and silver, $2. Copper, "02.50. Silver and  copper, $3. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gold, silver, and  oopper, ������3.50.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for ���������mineral claims ; crown grants obtained  for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  Purchasers of lots in Balfour are hereby requested to  take notice that they can obtain titles to their property as  soon as the final deposits are paid, which are now due.  Money may be paid to mr. Selous at Nelson or to myself at  Balfour. C. W. BUSK.  May 16th, 1891.  PNas  i������    i _ ,?���������l!^������_,   >V  'M!_,������__*<,*:*1         -     Ht  ii.  \  i  IBiMiM^ ��������� THE  MMEE:    NELSON,  B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  MAT 30,  1891.  George C. Hunt  J. Dover  Josephine Street,  Nelson, B.C.  Manufacturing Jewelers  for the Trade.  DEALERS IN A  JEWELRY  WATGHI  CHRONO  ' "- c  AND ALL FINE WATCHES  Carefully   Repaired   and   Satisfaction   Guaranteed.  Nelson Store, for tlie Present, in "Miner" Building.  Branch Store at Donald, B. 0.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from $6.50 to $500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  JOSEPHINE STREET, NELSON.  . f. Teetze.'  DEALERS in  CI3:E!3VEIO^s_I1iS.  PATENT MEDICINE!  TOILET ARTICLES, ETC.  WHOLESALE     DEALERS     *N     CIGARS.       RAYMOND  SEWLYG    MACHINES   IS   STOCK.  Cor. East Baker and Ward Streets.  FAVORS   POLITICAL /'UNION'   WITH    THE, STATES.  in  the  government  reviewing-  Canadian  in  cross   between  A London, England, paper,  Gold win Smith's "Canada and  Question," says the method of  Canada is a curious hybrid, a  Washington and Westminster. There is a  phantom of monarchy in Canada���������8 or 9 phantoms, in fact, for every province has its atom of  refracted loyalty, its phantom of a phantom, its  figure-head of a lieutenant-governor, its speech  from the throne to open and close every session  of every little parliament. Politically, there  are 4 paths open to the Dominion, each with  its eloquent guides beseeching her to walk  therein. Some want her to enter an " Imperial  Federation," which is sometime or other to be  brought into being; others would have her set  up business on her own account as an independent republic; a third party advise her to merge  her political* existence in that of the United  States; and the fourth road is the one on which  she has been travelling for 24 years, under the  jurisdiction���������generally nominal, but real enough  on occasion���������of a parliament representing only  the people of two little islands 3000 miles away.  Goldwin Smith himself is for political union  with the states.  He says :    "There is no reason w7hy the union  of the 2 sections of the English-speaking people  on this continent should not be as free, as equal,  and as honorable as the union of England and  Scotland.    We should rather say their reunion  than  their  union,   for   before   their   unhappy  schism they were one people.  ������������������*���������'   *   *    That a  union of Canada with the American commonwealth, like that  into which Scotland entered  with England, would in itself be attended with  great  advantages cannot be questioned,whatever  may be the considerations  on the  other  side or the reasons for delay.    *    *    *   The case  is the same as that of Scotland or Wales in relation to the rest of the island of which they are  parts, and on their union with whichtheir commercial  prosperity  depends.     The Americans,  on the other hand, would gain in full proportion as England gains by her commercial union  with   Wales   and   Scotland.    *   *    *'  Besides,  those  who  scan  the future  without prejudice  must see that the political fortunes of the continent are embarked in  the great republic, and  that Canada will best promote her own ultimate interests by contributing without unnecessary delay all that she has in the way of political  character and force towards  the saving of the  main chance and the fulfilment of the common  hope.    The native American element in which  the tradition of self-government resides is hard  pressed by the foreign 'element untrained to self-  government,   and stands in   need  of the reinforcement which the entrance of Canada into  the Union would bring it.    *   ���������*���������'*    If negotiations for a union were set on foot, the party out  of power fin the United States] would of course  do its best to make them miscarry, and a patriotic press would not fail to lend its aid.    Every  sort of susceptibility and jealousy on such occasions  is   wide   awake.      The   great   English  statesmen, trained in the highest school of diplomacy, who  negotiated  the union with  Scotland found their task hard, though  they operated  under far  easier conditions.    However, if  I he  primary   forces   are   working  towards   an  event, sooner  or  later  the  crisis  arrives ;   the  man appears and the bidding of destiny is done."  How .lews Are Treated in Russia.  Let us suppose  a part of our own community  subjected  to  the  legal  restrictions which now  obtain in Russia with regard to  the Jew.    Our  laws on the subject would then read somewhat  as follows: "All Jews born in the Dominion  of Canada shall be regarded as aliens. No  Jews shall dwell in any part of the Dominion  except the provinces of Nova Scotia, New  Brunswick, and Quebec, unless they are graduates of some university, members of a learned  profession, skilled artisans holding certificates  from a technical school, or members of a chamber of commerce who pay $500 a year for that  privilege. No Jew shall hold any government  or municipal office. No Jew shall buy or rent  landed property. All Jews shall pay special  taxes in connection with religious services. No  synagogue may be opened without the permission of the governor-general of Canada, and no  public prayers may  be held in any other place  than a synagogue. When more than 10 Jews  wish to meet together for consultation or discussion, they must obtain permission from, the  municipal authorities. Married Jews who become con verted to Christianity are ipso facto  divorced on conversion ; but the wife, if she remains a Jewess, may not marry again/ All;  Jews attaining the age of 20 years shall serve 5  years in the active army and 13 years in the  militia; but no Jew may become an officer or  even an officer's servant. No Jew shall serve  in the navy." Such a condition of affairs as is  implied in this paraphrase of the Russian laws  affecting Jews is so impossible, so inconceivable,  in this country and to as, that we can scarcely  imagine it to exist anywhere else. And yet  there is no exaggeration in such a paraphrase.  The Jew in Russia today is hedged around by a  set of restrictions as whimsical and as offensive  as anything devised by the fanatics of the middle ages, carried out with a brutality that is  possible only in a half-civilized country. Jews  are both  heretics and  aliens in  Russian  eyes.  C. Hamber,  Notary Publio,  Nelson.  A. G. Thynne,  C. G. Henshaw,  Vancouver  Eeal Estate, Mining Brokers*  AND  Insurance Agents.  REAL  ESTATE  We are now offering some of the best residential lots in  the southern addition to the townsite from $135 up. Good  terms. Wo fiSnilding Conditions. These lots are good  value. Good business lots in all parts of the townsite at  reasonable figures. Now is the time to buy. Call and see  our list.  MINES.  Mining claims and mining interests handled advantageously on small margin. Quotations given on all classes of  mining machinery.  Citizens of Canada, fire and accident; Equitable of New  York, life.    Good Companies; Good Kates.  NELSOtf 0FEICE, 105 WEST BAKEE STEEET.  Vancouver Office, 346 Water Street.  GEO. E. E. ELLIsfr. C. S.  MINING   ENGINEER   AND   CHEMIST,  Author of "Practical Organic Analysis," the "Iron Ores of  the World," etc.; expert in the "Bluebird  Mining Suit" (Butte City);  -NELSON,  86. C.  Will examine and report on, or superintend the development of, mining properties in West Kootenay; advises on the treatment of ores, and furnishes spccilications of mining, milling, and smelting plants.  ASSAY CII.-tRCiES : Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each.  Gold and silver, or lead and silver, $2. Copper, $2.50.  Silver and copper, $3. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gold,  silver, and copper, $_ ; and so on.  N. HOOVER  still has a few more cases of CONDENSED MILK for sale.  &m  :iir?7������������^^  ���������_>7:prTT^T?-^ir7?K*r?r77~.TP,-Tr^vr57  TiTT'^T'  rr*rr  "P"TB THE  MIffEE:    NELSON,  E.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  MAY 30,   1891.  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months.$2.50, one year $4.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents, a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. AH advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines. .       .  Birth Notices free if weight of child is given; if  weight is not given $1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be,charged from _$1 to $10���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom.' (  Job Printing in good style at fair rates. Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  in stock.   ..;".'' ,������������������' ->:   : ���������.  Contract Advertisements wriLL be inserted at the  , rate of ������3 an inch (down the column) per month.   A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters :  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  EOITOKffAL   REMAKKS.  The people  of Toad Mountain  district have  been trying for 3 years to get the government to  build a wharf at Nelson.    Last  year,  colonel  Baker very generously had $1500 set aside for  the purpose, but the exigencies of a campaign  for re-election caused the amount to be used in  building trails, by men who had votes, in East  Kootenay.    This spring, surveyor-general Gore,  so it is said, ordered that the sum of $2000 be set  aside for the wharf; but, again, somebody's exigencies have caused the amount to be diverted to  other uses.    Possibly it has been turned over to  the Canadian Pacific to help pay for the wharf  that that company has built at Nelson.    It is in  order for surveyor-general Gore to explain what  has been, or is to be, done with the money.   Has  it gone into a jack-pot, along with the $1500 set  aside for improving the streets of Nelson, to be  disbursed under the direction of the Canadian  Pacific officials who own the "Hoover" addition  to Nelson?   Of course, the common people do  not expect to realize any benefit from these appropriations, yet they always like to know who  the beneficiaries are.   A special dispatch from Ottawa to the Colonist of Victoria, under date of the 22nd instant,  reads: "All the British Columbia and Northwest Territory members interviewed premier Macdonald today to ask aid for the Brit-  " ish Columbia Southern and Nicola Valley railways. Colonel Baker made an able presentation of the claims of the former company,  "which is thoroughly in earnest. He said  "arrangements had been made with English capitalists to build the road, provided  a subsidy was obtained from the Dominion, as  the construction of the road would open up a  valuable mining section. Sir John was deeply  impressed with the representations of the del-  " egation, and promised an earnest consideration of the requests." The British Columbia  Southern, if built, will merely be an extension  of the branch of the Canadian Pacific that is to  be built this year south from Calgary, colonel  Baker acting as a sort of stool-pigeon for the  C. P. R. The Nicola Valley road is also another  feeder for the C. P. R., and, if built, 'will be  owned by that company. Of course, subsidies  will be granted each road, for did not the Canadian Pacific Railway Company do noble service  at the late election in returning sir John's  henchmen to the house of commons���������not a few7  of the said henchmen being from British Columbia and the Northwest Territory.  a  a  a  a  a  a  i t  a  a  The question of Chinese labor is coming to the  front in Germany. Some few years ago Bismarck suggested that the Chinese might be used  to beat the German labor agitation. Now that  process is  reported to be in actual operation.  The Chinese are said to come in under 10-year  contracts. It will be strange if this does not  produce a graver question in Germany than  anything that has preceded it. We are accustomed to look upon German labor conditions as  very hard, but,tins matter shows, wThat British  Columbians well understand; 0that Chinese will  underbid any white labor.  There would be no more fitting time for mr.  Robson and his cabinet to pay a first.,visit ���������  to this section of the province, with which  they are-apparently unacquainted, than on Dominion Day (July 1st). No doubt, they would  > be given a cordial reception. With that end in  view, The Miner suggests that the citizens of  Nelson assemble in mass meeting on Monday  night next to take action in the matter of celebrating the natal days of the people Who are upbuilding the lake country.  A minor was current, this morning that the  Chiliean insurgent ironclad Esmeraldahad sunk  the United States armored cruiser Charleston  off the coast of Central America! If the rumor  proves true, God help the Chiliean insurgents,  for Uncle Sam is no slouch w^heri he gets his  blood up, even if he has no navy.  Sir John Macdonald's health is said to be such  as to render his retirement advisable. It is hard  to believe that there is another man in,Canada  that coaid take his place as leader of the Conservatives-and play a winning hand,  Some time ago The Miner called the attention of the authorities to the presence in our  midst of hobos, pimps, and tinhorn gamblers.  It would be well for the authorities to look that  paragraph up, and then look around and see  how many men there are in Nelson who are trying hard to swell the ranks of these thieving*  despicable,1 and worthless classes.  It is reported that the money ($4500) set apart  for a trail from Bear Creek station to the head  of Kootenay lake will not be so expended���������a  sensible conclusion, many think.  <(  n  The Columbian of New Westminster takes  exception to^a line that appears in a poster  wrhich was circulated to advertise the Kootenay  Lake country. The line to which exception is  taken reads : "The Kootenay Lake, country is  "a land where men are not compelled to worship God." Would the Columbian compel  people to worship God after the New Westminster fashion ?   A question that remains unanswered : "Has  " the bond given by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company for operating ferries at the  Slocan and Kootenay crossings been forfeited,  "because of the failure to operate the ferries  "according to contract?" Surveyor-general  Gore could answer the question if he would,  but his "boss" mr. Vernon, of Yale, will not allow him to.    The people of Great Britain are ahvays proud  of the statesman who is above all else a defender of Great Britain's interests, but they  cannot see any good in James G. Blaine, the  present secretary of state in mr. Harrison s cabinet, who is sleepless when the interests of the  United States are in danger. In the controversy  with the Italian government over the lynching  of the Italians at New Orleans mr. Blaine, even  though not backed up by a navy, talked straight  from the shoulder, as the following addressed to  the Italian minister at Washington proves: "I  " do not recognize the right of any government  "to tell the United States what it should do.  a  a  "We have never received orders from any for r  gn power, and will not begin now. Please  'inform marquis di Rudini that the federal  government cannot give the assurances he  " requires, and that it is a matter,of total iridif-  " ference what persons in Italy may think of  " our institutions. I cannot change them, still  "less violate them. The fact is that marquis di  Rudini does not give us sufficient time. Yb.it  assure me that 4  Italian subjects have been  a  a  massacred,   but  I  have  my  doubts  that  a  a  a  a  point, as 1 am informed they were mixeM up  in    some   scandalous   electoral   transactions.  '��������� r_^"  Still, I do not contest their nationality,' but  " while I ask for* time, you want an official de-  " claration on the spot. Well, I will not make  anything of the' kind, and you may do'as you  please." The "Italian"minister left Washington the next day and his successor has not yet  been appointed. _____ ������ c  The Canadian Pacific is already pulling wires  to have the Dominion government disallow the  provincial act chartering the Nelson & Fort  Sheppard Railway Company. It is not satisfied  .with receiving from the Dominion a cash sab-  sidy that equals one-fourth the cost of its Nelson  branch, but it would bulldoze the Macdonald  government into allowing it to have this section  of country as a sort of preserve, closed to the  outside world for 6 months in the year. The  people of the Kootenay Lake country, like those  of Manitoba, want competitive freight routes,  and will have them, even if they have to fight in  the courts for the right to build railways. At a  meeting held at Nelson on the evening of the  28th instant the following resolutions were  passed, as expressions of the washes of the people of the Toad Mountain division of West  Kootenay:  Whereas, it is currently reported that interested parties  are exerting their influence with the Dominion government to procure the disallowance of the "Nelson & Fort  Sheppard Railway Act, 1891"; and  Whereas, the southern portion of Kootenay district���������one  of the most promising mineral regions in the entire Dominion���������is retarded in its development by lack of a transportation route that can be operated during the winter as  well as during the summer ; and  Whereas, for want of all-the-year transportation facilities  the owners of our mines are compelled not only to pay exorbitant, if not prohibitive, freight rates on the output of  their mines, but are unable to get their output to a market  for 6 months in the year; and  Whereas, the Canadian Pacific Railway Company is  either unable to discover a practicable route for a railway  from the Kootenay Lake country to its main line or unwilling to build a railway if a route has been found ; and  Whereas, the people of the western portion of the province have been allowed to contract railways that give them  competitive transportation facilities, as well as connection  with the railway systems of the United States, as have  also the people of Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and  the maratime provinces ; and  Whereas, the bill chartering the Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway Company was passed by the legislative  assembly,by a vote of 23 yeas to 4 nays, notwithstanding  the active opposition of the Canadian Pacific company,  who appeared by counsel before the railway committee of  the assembly; therefore, be it  Resolved, that the people of southern Kootenay earnestly  protest against the disallowance of the "Nelson & Fort  Sheppard Railway Act, 1891," by the Dominion government, deeming such action, if it occurs, to be not only an  in justice to the people of the district and an interference  with provincial rights, but a monstrously unfair proposition to make an entire section of country a preserve for  the benefit of a single railway corporation ; and further,  Resolved, that we assort the right of the people of the  district to construct railways in any direction which their  interests may require, and that we declare our fixed determination to maintain such right at any and all cost; and  further,  Resolved, that the provincial government be requested  to make an earnest protest against any such disallowance,  and to make the most strenuous efforts to urge upon the  Dominion government the great injustice and the bad  financial policy of such action ; and further,  Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be forwarded  to honorable John Robson, premier of the province, and a  copy also sent to mr. Mara, our member in the Dominion  house of commons, with the request that he use his influence against the disallowance of the act and lay these resolutions before sir John A. Macdonald, premier of Canada  and minister of railways and canals.  Surely the time has passed when the people of  any section of Canada can be held as vassals of a  corporation���������although, at times, if appears as if  the interests of the Canadian Pacific were alone  considered, not only by the Dominion government but by the government of this province.       !    Spy THE  MDTEK:���������..; NELSON,   B.   0.,  SATUEDAY,   MAY  30,   1891.  ���������f������mh  Dealers in; Dry G-oods, G-roceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty,  The' stock is full and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect G-oods  and compare Prices.  Main Street, REVELS  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  'NEITHER.   MAN    WOK.'  San Francisco,, May 21st.���������The Corbett-Jackson fight tonight ended   most unsatisfactorily.  Referee Cook's decision of a "no contest,6 which  was given at the end of the 61st round, after the  men had been in the ring 4 hours and 5''minutes,  is generally accepted as equivalent to a "draw"  decision.. Both men were then so weak that it  was plain to everyone that they could not be  expected to strike an effective blow if they remained in the ring till daylight. The first half  of the fight was the most scientific contest ever  seen on the Pacific coast, but the last 30 rounds  were simply a walk-around. After fighting for  2''hours the honors-were almost evenly divided,  though if there was any advantage it was in  Jackson's favor. Then Corbett rallied, and for  2 rounds he pounded Jackson and had him  greatly distressed,, but the San Francisco man  played himself out in that, effort, and with the  exception of occasional rallies there was nothing done by either man during the next 2  ho^irs. In the , last few rounds Jackson staggered around the "ring and Corbett was in but  little better condition. Both men were heartily  cheered at the Conclusion of the fight.  The purse was a large one, a total of $10,000,  $1500 of which  went   to the loser.    The wonderful degree of interest in the match was due not  only to the merit  and prominence of the principals,   but  also   tp  the  fact   that   the  contest  wouid  open   the   way to settle the question of  the championship of  the worli, for it was generally understood, that the winner* would eventually meet Frank Slavin or any other man who  might come fo/ward for championship honors.  The condition  of  the  me i was all that could be  desired.    They had trailed hard and carefully,  and it was the opinion of all who saw them that  neither man had ever before been in better condition.    Jackson  was  the heavier, but in every  other respect it was gen Tally admitted that one  man  possessed  little  or no advantage over the.  other.    Both were recognized as game fighters,  possessing   "wonderful   ability   and    wonderful  quickness.    Neither   belongs   to   the  " slugger"  type of  pugilists.    The colored .man's  ring" experience was far greater than Corbett's, and it  was probably this fact as   much  as any other  that made Jackson the favorite in the betting  during the week  before the fight, at odds ranging from 6 to 10 to 8. to 10.    Some comment was  elicited by  the fact that   Jackson  sprained his  ankle".some   weeks   ago,   and    it   was   slightly  swollen tonight, but a< it had caused him no inconvenience  at   all   during   his training,   there  wras no real fear expressed that: it  would give  him   any   trouble   dur.n.';   the  fight.      A   large  amount  of money wa-;'wagered on the contest  during the   last   two   days.      Pool   rooms   and  other sporting resorts   were'crowded, arid there  seemed to be  no end of- either-Corbett or. Jackson-money.    The   contestants were required to.  be in the club rooms this  evening at 8 o'clock,  though the fight was set for an hour later.    The  California club last night appointed Hiram Cook  referee.    Jackson   was  seconded   by   Sam Fitz-  patrick   and  Billy   Smith.      Corbett's   seconds  were   John    Donaldson,    Billy    Delaney,    and  Harry Corbett.     It was some  minutes  after 9  o'clock when Jackson and  Corbett,   with their  seconds, entered the ring. Both principals were  received with cheering. During the few minutes that followed, while the gloves of the men  were being adjusted, every eye in the building  was turned on the men, and there was a general  expression of commendation at the excellent  form they presented. The weights,' as near as  could be obtained, were : Jackson 197, Corbett  185, though it was claimed by some that the difference was even greater than that. After the  gloves were adjusted the men advanced and  shook hands. Time was called for the first  round at 9:28 P. M.  At the end of the 61st round referee Cook declared the men could fierht no longer and  de-.  .���������>j  dared the fight  no contest.  _       ���������&"  It was  1:33 when  the referee declared the fight finished. His decision met with but little opposition. Both  men were extremely weak, and it was plain  that neither could strike an effective blow. No  decision was given as to the purse.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwelling's,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  SE3_^_soisraE_D  i_xj3__:_3_d__f.  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Cor, Baker and Josephine Sts.  ARCHITKCT,  CONTRACTOR   AND   BUILDER,  ���������XELSO..V,    B. ���������.  Plans, specifications, and estimates furnished for  all classes of buildings.  CONTRACTOR   AND   BUILDER,  NELSON,' 15. C.  Estimates made on all kinds of buildings, and contracts carried out with expedition.  PIONEER  PAINTER  AND   DECORATOR.  Address:    Nelson Hotel.  BEI0K AND ST0UE MASON,  PLASTERER.  Will contract to do brick and stone work, also plastering  and calcimining. Leave orders at J. Fred Hume & Go's,  9 and 11 East Vernon street, Nelson, B. 0.  Wr. J. WILSON.  W. PERDUE.  WILSON &  PROPRIETORS OF  ... .AT....  NELSON AND AINSWOETH.  Will contract to supply mining companies and steamboat*  with fresh meats, and deliver same at any mine or  -  landing in the Kootenay Lake country'  CORRAL AND STABLING  AT NELSON,  where saddle and pack animals can always he hired, and  teams obtained for job teaming.  z_v_i.a._e_::e  contracts  with merchants for hauling freight to or from railroad  depot and steamboat wharf.  NELSON  OEFICE AND MARKET,  NO. Ii EAST BAKER STREET  PROPRIETOR OF THE  PION"E IE ~R  CORRAL and STAB  Ward Street,   rear dlovcrnincnt SSiEilcling,  NELSON, B. C.  Will undertake any work or contract in which pack ani-  * nia-ls or teams can be used.    Will furnish  SADDLE AND PACE ANIMALS  to parties who wish to examine mines and claims  in Toad Mountain district.  WILL   C0NTEACT  TO  0AEKY  PASSENG-EES  and baggage to and from hotels;  also, freight  lo and from steamboat wharves and  i   railway depots.  CONTRACT TO GRADE LOTS IN NELSON.  MtriMKi)tB_JOMW^l������������n������^^ THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  MAT 30,  1891.  DO NOT USE POOR MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  MOLDINGS,  are for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON SAWMILL 00.  Yard:   it cud of Flume in Nelson.  Mill:  Two Miles South of kelson.  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in  any  part of Nelson.  CORD-WOOD   AND;' STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Liim-  her-- good, bad, and indifferent ~ on  hand or made to order.  Gr.  0.  Nelson, January 15th.  MANUFACTURERS OF  OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.  ZeiRXOIE  LIST  (DELIVERED AT NELSON,   AINSWORTH,  OR   BALFOUR).  I>RESSEI������.  No. 1 flooring, 4 inch, per M .....  $32 00  No. 2         "        6 inch,     "  '27 00  No. 1 ceiling, 4 inch,       "  32 00  No. 2        "       6 inch,       "  27 00  Rustic,                                 "  27 00  Select clear, DD,             "  40 00  No. 1 common, D,            "  25 00  DD,          "  27 00  Bar and counter tops, clear, per foot.  10  KOIJf;iE.  No. 1 common, per M  ....... ������20 00  No. 2        " "     15 00  Culls, " :......    12 00  Shingles, " _      4 50  Bead, panel, crown, base, etc., etc., per foot 2������@10c  Mills nt Pilot Bay, Kootenay EaJie.  Geo* G. Bushby,   .   .   .   Manager  CURIOSITIES   OF   THE   NEWS.  A farmer's wife of> Lower Peen's Neck, New Jersey, has  4 little chickens whose feathers grow toward the head inr  stead of toward the tail.  The remains of William Jones, which were buried at  Corunna, Indiana, 2 years ago, have been found to have  become i>etrified and weigh 500 pounds instead of 175.  A horse at Alexandria, Louisiana, which was run over  by a train and had one of its legs broken, "hobbled to a  store near by, knocked at the door, and by signs and brute  language appealed for relief."  It is said that the blackest man in Glynn county, Georgia, is named White, the whitest man is named Brown, the  tallest man is named Lowe, and the largest man Small.  The Brooklyn Times says that ��������� a lightning bolt which  struck a building at Montauk, in a twinkling turned into a  molten mass, a pile of old cannon balls lying in one of the  rooms;;,.     .���������].-.,       ������������������';. ;' ,  A Chicago pug dog arouses the family every morning,  fetches kindling to start the lire, routs the servant girl by  scratching on her door and then goes out after the morning  paper. ;  Moccasin snakes are so numerous at night in the streets  of Columbus, Georgia, that there is little use for the police,  since thieves and, roystercrs, are afraid to venture abroad  after dark.  Two strange animals, white in color, excepting a black  streak under the neck, and resembling a lion in size and  shape, are said to have been killed lately in St. Landry parish, Louisiana.  J. W. Helms, a butcher at Seymour, Indiana, the other  day killed a cow, in the stomach of which he found "a silver half dollar, several small bones, a lot of needles and  pins, and a quarter of a pound of iron nails."  A Kansas paper tells an interesting cow story. The cow  recently lost her calf. After it died she transferred her affections to the 14-year-old son of her owner. She licks him  just as she would a calf, and no one but the boy can do  anything with her.  Ramon Ortega was out looking for some lost sheep in a  canyon near Sespe, Ventura county, California, the other  day, when he ran against a large brown bear. He had no  fire-arms, but he lassoed the bear and dragged it' to death.  It weighed 600 pounds. :'  A sick woman in Huntingdon county, Indiana, expressed  a strong desire for quails, but was told by her husband that  it was unlawful to kill the birds. Soon afterwards there-  was a sound of something in collision with the house, and,  on investigation, 6 lifeless quails were found.  , The Atlanta, Georgia, Constitution has the hardihood to  publish this item: Captain A. C. Bell of Americus says he  has a turnip in his garden measuring 7 feet across and with  a top so high and strong that the small boys climb it. A  pair of mules -will have to be used to pull it up.  Even so timid and characterless a thing as the rabbit  seems not to be destitute of generosity. A rabbit lied from  a dog at Rich Hill, Missouri, and took shelter under a hen  with a brood of chickens. When the dog strove to get at  the frightened rabbit the hen scared him off by picking at  his eyes. Now the rabbit and the hen are warm companions.  Florida has some able fish-story-tellers. Here is a yarn  from Plunta Gorda : As the steamer Clara was coming up  the bay Wednesday a 125-pound tarpon jumped aboard  with such force as to break in the cabin door and knock  down one of the crew, seriously injuring him. The fish  was overpowered and the passengers treated to a feast of  tarpon steak.  A West Virginia paper has this hard one : J. K. Curry  of Buckhannon has a mule that when thirsty unties his  halter, pulls out a pin to open the barn door, goes to the  pump and, taking the handle in his teeth, works it until he  fills the trough, quenches his thirst and returns to the  barn, shutting the door after him. He then enters his  stall and brays until his owner comes to fasten the halter.  This performance has been witnessed by a number of the  neighbors.  The Review of Litchfield, Minnesota, tells the following  story: "Mr. and msr. Lewis A. Pier's little baby has an  eye for figures, or rather has figures on its eye. When the  baby was about 2 months old a figure 1 was discovered  just above and at the left of the pupil of the baby's left eye.  A short time afterward a figure 2 appeared just below the  figure 1, and a few days ago figure 3 became visible just  below the figure 2. 'We saw the figures for the first time  last night and were surprised at the plainness of them.  The little boy will probably make a great mathematician."  Physician, Surgeon, and Accoucheur,  Office:   Stanley Street.  Dental fillings, guaranteed for one year, neatly and carefully done in gold, amalgam, or cement on Tuesdays and  Fridays from 2 to 4 P. M.   .  .  _*?  NOTICE.  A sitting of the county 6ourt of Kootenay will be held at  Nelson on Saturday, the 20th day of June, J.891.  Nelson, May 12th, 1891.  T. H. GIFFIN, registrar.  TIMBER  LEASE.  Thirty days after date I intend to make application to  the chief commissioner of lands and works for permission  to lease for lumbering purposes the following tract of land :  Beginning at a stake on the west bank of the Lardeau  river, about 4_- miles from its mouth, thence south 80  chains, thence east to the river, thence north along bank  of river to the place of beginning; containing 640 acres  more or less. G. O. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, April 16th, 1891.  Canadian Pacific Railway  OUE NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  3STCD   OH.A.ISrGrEIS-  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates   ,  '"������������������:   Kool.eiiay''I���������i]_cv$hi_>_>ci'.s, wilLbe con-,  suiting  their  own  interests  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  tit   .'V^'-r*������������������'_���������4R^8 ?J  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE  every Tuesday and Friday,making connection with trains for  VANCOUVER,  NEWWESTMIrTSTER, S  VICTORIA, I lGHicA.ao;  & J TORONTO,  cciST. 3?_^-r_r:___  AND ALL- POINTS EAST.  Por rates, maps,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,  apply to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D.E.  BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba'. Vancouver, B. C.  THE    OOLUJ  SA    & .KOOTENAY    STEAM  COMPANY,  'LIMITED..  THE STEAMER L TT TON  will leave .REVELSTOKE every Monday and Thursday'  at 4 A. M.for Robson and Little Dalles, connecting  at the latter point with the Spokane Falls  & Northern rail way.  JRctin-niii*?, will leave LITTLE DALLES every Tuesday  and Friday at 9 A. M., arriving at Robson between  3 and 5 P. M.,and remaining from 15 to 30  minutes, then proceeding to Revelstoke.  F/G. CHRISTfE, Agent,-.'..  .".'KHVEJLSTOKE, B. ���������.  ?i_n<Q'  %2  dealers in  AND  E33  SUPPLIES FOR PROSPECTORS AND MINERS.  BALFOUR,  located as it is at the outlet of Kootenay lake, will  be easily accessible during the season to all  the mining districts on the lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AISTSW0RTH OR- NELSON  OF THE   KOOTENAY  LAKE   D.STRUCT,  And   Otlicrs   Wltom   if   May Concern   ami  Interest.  During my trip to the east last winter, I made arrangements with manufacturing firms and others for the establishment of a WHOLESALE' IJIJSStfESS in this district.  A consignment of samples���������about 15 or 20 cases���������will be  hers about the end of May ; and merchants are requested  for the general good of themselves and the district to defer  placing any further orders till they have seen my samples  and obtained quotations.  ���������. W. ISSISK, Rall'our, S5. ���������.  FOOT   OF  WARD.   STKEET,  ISAIAH  STEYENS0N, Proprietor.  Boats to hire by the hour or day at reasonable rates.  'Boats built and repaired.  T^^^^ffi^"'^^ ���������,   ___.  ���������.*:-tV:^.-VHVwu*������4.'���������*->. tW" <?*'.������? .V-m '.i.Jflyi_<!E*V*-. ...u-J.^TV-; ���������:\.j'A'iVr if J.'-'i c-_ *i". ������.'.. -,-������������������������ i.Vt>'-i>\* .i4jl>r *sfct--';iJ J'O n't".*'' va-ft..;/"! ."-*.>/>/ l'*-fi\ J.--1 ���������: _.-���������.���������*.,,< *"1/J V^Jfl- V *������_.���������������^^.*.VV*0*5,'>Arf*Ji-f'���������*������i^,1, '������������������ i/v-'y ...i-.v,'.} (���������'..?��������� ���������; ,'._������ ���������. ..v-.-i,". ��������������� j,f-5',_.i" aa  ;��������� ifl S'.������v.'*l J'*J-l.M*-i*:L5 .-JW v"*.*! THE  MINER:    NELSON,  B.  0.,  SATURDAY,  MAY  30,   1891.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B. G.  &   T.   MA DDE  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with a frontage  cowards Kootenay river, and is newly  -.-.'.       ;    furnished throughout.  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  V    XELSOtf, B. ���������. s  SODERBERG  & JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  ��������� .��������� ��������� t its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river. ,  T HE  ,   T ABLE  ia supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under theimmediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience. o  THE  ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE  TABLE  is acknowledged  the best  in the mountains.  rim  ������������������43��������������������������� ' i    H .in ���������J__  IB-A-IR;  THE BAR IS STOOKED WITH THE BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  " The  Finest Hotel in Toad   Mountain District."  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  Corner West Baker and Ward Streets,  .    NELSON, B.C.  J OH N-.SO N   &   MAHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  The Silver King is a new building and furnished with new-  furniture from kitchen to attic.   The table will not  be equalled by any hotel in Nelson.  . Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  t:e_::e_  HOTEL AND RESTAURANT.  THE SAMPLE-BOOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIG-AES  AND THE FINEST BKANDS OF LIQTJOES,  B.   01  PROPRIETORS  OPEN    DAY   AN������   NMaiT.  Rooms and Sleeping Accommodations for 30 People  .  13   EAST BAKER   STREET.  :__:_ j-. ieidsoztnt or. sindar  PROPRIETORS.  BAJLFOlJ.lt, . B.'C.  FLINT & GALLOP, Proprietors.  The BALFOUR commands a fine view of the Outlet and  Lake, and will be kept second to no hotel in  Hot Springs district.  Balfour is easily accessible to the mines in Hot Springs  district, and is in the center of a large area of mineral country not yet prospected.   It is also  within easy distance of the Kootenay  Lake and Pilot Bay sawmills.  TRAIL CREEK, B. C.  ,W.  It.   PXMJILTOtf FKOI*REETO_.  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Greek  mining district, its proprietorbeing a caterer of experience.  The table will always be supplied with the best of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with choice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure rye  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  Prospectus of the Kootenay Lake  Telephone Company, Limited,  The Kootenay Lake  Telephone   Company,  Limited, a  chartered corporation, will erect a main telephone line  from Nelson to Ainsworth, via Buchanan's sawmill and  Balfour, and branch lines from Nelson to  the mines on  Toad mountain and from Ainsworth to the mines in Hot  Springs district, with  central, exchanges at Nelson  and  Ainsworth.    The capital stock of the company is divided  into'.5000 shares of a par value of. $10 each'.   Of these, 250  paid up share's have been apportioned to the promoters of  the company for defraying the expenses incident to the  procurement of the charter, which leaves 4750 shares to  erect the company's line.   The estimated cost of the proposed lines is $7000.   To raise that amount 2500 shares are  now offered subscribers, subscription books to be opened  at Nelson and at Victoria, and payment to be made as follows :   ������1 per share on subscription; $1 per share on June  loth, 1891, and 50 cents per share on July loth, 1891. If more  shares are subscribed for than placed on the market, then  ��������� the shares shall be allotted  pro rata.    Tlie subscription  books of the company are now open at the office of Houston, Ink & Allan, Nelson, and at the office of Bodwell &  Irving, Victoria. JOHN HOUSTON (president),  R. E. LEMON (vice-president),  J. E. WALSH (secretary),  CHARLES II. INK,  Nelson, B. C, April 29th. Provisional directors.  ff^^^S^^  The Alberta & British Columbia Exploration Company, Limited^ (Foreign).   ���������������������������,���������"..    .!  Registered the 22nd day of April, 1891.  CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION.  ,.  This is to certify that I have this day registered "The  ���������Alberta and.British Columbia Exploration Company, Limited," (Foreign), under the "Company's Act, Part IV, Registration of Foreign Companies."  The objects for-which the company is established are : ������������������.-  1. To apply for and obtain any legislative or other powers'nccessjary for. the construction, maintenance, and working of any railway or railways, British, colonial, or foreign,  and to negotiate for and endeavor to obtain conventions,  ���������.charters, subsidies, grants, aids or other assistance in furtherance of such objects, or incidental thereto.  2. To undertake the construction and establishment,,  and the management, maintenance, and working, of any  such railway or railways, either itself or make them over  wholly or partly to other companies or persons.  3. To take contracts, British, colonial, or foreign, and ex-  , ecute them either itself or by sub-contractors.  4. To undertake the labilities of any company, association, partnership, or person.  5. To aid any body politic or corporate, or company or as-  . sociatibn or individuals with capital, credit, -mean's, or re-'  sources for the prosecution of any railways, works, undertakings, projects, or enterprises.     ���������  6. To prosecute and execute, directly or by eo7itributions  or other assistance, any such or any other railways, works,  undertakings, projects, or enterprises in "which, or for the  proscution whereof, or on the security whereof, or of any  profits derivable therefrom, the company -shall have invested money or embarked capital. ."..���������������������������  7. To buy or otherwise acquire and sell on its own account or for a commission all kinds of property, real and  personal,-moveable', and immovable, and to manage, develop, mortgage, sell, dispose of or otherwise deal with all  or any part of the property of (he company as may seem  expedient. '  8. To take or otherwise acquire and dispose of shares,  stock, debentures, bonds, or other securities in any other  company, British, Colonial, or foreign, and to pay Or agree  to pay under any contract to be entered into by the company, or for services rendered to such company or this company, in cash or in such stock, shares, or debentures or any  part thereof.  , 9. Tore-issue any stock, shares, debentures, bonds, or  other securities with or without the guarantee of, the  company. , '>���������-  10. To purchase or otherwise acquire, settle, improve,  and cultivate lands and hereditaments, British; colonial, or  foreign.  11. To purchase, hire, construct, or manufacture any  rolling stock, machinery, or plant.  12. To develop the resources of any land and hereditaments by building, planting, clearing, mining, or otherwise  dealing, with the same, and> to subscribe out of the funds of  the com pan y towards any purpose calculated to improve  or benelit such property. '..,���������''.  13. To stock lands and to breed and deal in cattle of all  kinds, and ������������������������������������produce and to colonise the same, and to aid  and encourage emigration.  14. To make, provide, maintain, and carry on, use and  work, or contribute towards the making, providing, maintaining, carrying on, using, and working any such railway  or railways as aforesaid, and also tramways, telegraph  lines, canals, reservoirs, wells, aqueducts, roads, streets,  piers, wharves, and other works which may de deemed expedient for the purposes of the company, 01* contract with  others to do the same.  15. To promote or concur in promoting any company or  corporation, whether British, colonial, or foreign, and to  acquire, hold, and dispose of shares, stocks, or securities of  any such company or corporation, and to pay the expenses  of the promotion and underwriting the capital of any com- '  pany or corporation so promoted. ,  '������������������16. To mortgage, with or without a power of sale, and  otherwise deal with all or any of the property and rights of  the company, and to raise money in any manner which may  be thought advisable, and partly by the issue of debentures  or debenture stock, charged either in themselves or by a  covering deed upon all or any part, of the company's property, and to lend money and to negotiate loans of every description. ,.  17. To procure the capital for any company in any country, but particularly in England or Canada, for the purpose of carrying into effect any objects of any company  formed for the purpose of agriculture, or for acquiring or  working mines or colleri.es or other purposes, and to issue  the capital of such 'companies and to subscribe for/purchase, dispose of and otherwise deal in the shares, bonds,  ��������� and securities of such companies.  IS. To sell the undertaking of the. company, or any part  or parts thereof for .such consideration as may be thought  proper, whether payable wholly or partially in cash or in  shares, stock, or debentures or other securities of any other  company, .British, colonial, or foreign, now formed or hereafter to be formed, and to distributee any of the property of  the company among the members in specie.  19. To make, endorse, accept, and execute promissory  notes, bills of exchange, and other negotiable instruments.  20. To exorcise all or any of the powers given by the  "Companies Seals Art, 18151'* and the "Companies' (colonial) Registers Act, 1883."  21. '1 o do all or any of the above things in any .part of the  world, cither as principals or 'agents, contractors or others  wise, and to procure if thought necessary, the company to  be constituted or incorporated as .a'corporation, or its nearest equivalent, in any country or colony whatever.  22. To do all such other things as arc incidental or conducive to the above objects.  The capital of tlie company is ������20,000, divided into 200  shares of ������100 each.  The place of business of the said company in the province  of British Columbia is situated aT21 Bastion street, Victoria, in the said province of British Columbia.  In   testimony  whereof .1  have hereto set  .   my  hand  and affixed my seal of office  this 22nd day of April, 18S/1, at the city of  Victoria in  the province of British Columbia.       (Signed) C. J. LKGGATT.  Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.  f  I  L. fe.  I  J  J*  w  _I___liftffllI_^^ 8  THE MINEE:   JTELSON,  B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  MAY 30,  1891.  uorDealer,  Gents' Furnishings and Sporting Goods.  AGENT  FOR   HAMILTON   POWDER  COMPANY AND   HIRAM  WALKER  & SONS' WHISKIES.  Corner Vernon and Jose  treets,  ain Street, Revelstoke, B.G.  SMAIX   M������������ETS   OF   NEWS.  On Monday a free public school was opened at Nelson,  not by direction of the provincial superintendent of education, but by a public-spirited Presbyterian clergyman, rev.  Thomas H. Rogers, who gives his services free, dr. Arthur  kindly allowing a portion of his office building to be used  for a schoolroom. The following-named bright little boys  and girls were in attendance: Robert McLeod, Thomas  Lewis, Edna Lewis, Julia Corning, Lida Corning,1 John Du-  hamel; Raymond May, Mabel Holden, Dora Taylor, and  May Perry.   ,  Charles Westly Busk of Balfour writes The Miner under date of May 26th : " The first pole of the Kootenay  Lake telephone line was planted today with appropriate  ceremonies at a point about 80 feet west of my house. W.  J. Sanders has received notification of his appointment as  postmaster at Balfour. As soon as the necessary swearing  has been done, and the papers sent to Victoria, we shall  Have a postoffiice in full swing. A very promising quartz  claim���������a new find���������Was recorded today. It is located less  than a mile distant from Balfour, messrs. McBain and  Jackson being the discoverers."  Real estate sales during the week comprised several acre  lots in the Hume addition and business lots in Nelson. H.  Selous has the handling of the acre lots and reports 32 sold  of the 41 placed on the market.- A. S. Farwell sold a 30-  foot lot on the corner of East Baker and Josephine streets  for $1500, and John McLeod a 30-foot (lot 6 block.12) on  West Baker street at the same figure. James Fox sold a  50-foot on West Vernon street at $1250 and mrs. Col well 25  feet frontage on East Vernon at $950. About a dozen new  buildings were commenced during the week.  The Week's Marine Arrivals: British steamer Galena,  captain Ha3rward, from Bonner's Ferry ; cargo, Tenderfeet.  American steamer Idaho, captain Flager, from lake points;  in ballast. British steamer Surprise, captain Bushby, from  Pilot Bay; cargo, a hot saw-mill manager. British steamer  Midge, commodore Davies, from Kootenay river; cargo,  ranch products.  The Silver King hotel was formally opened to the public  on Saturday night by a dance, which was attended by a  large number of Nelson's society people. From this time  on the Silver King will take rank as one of the best hotels  in the lake country. The "Bellevue" with W. T. Atherton as proprietor, is the name of Nelson's newest hotel.  A month ago all the matrons and maids in Nelson could  be counted on the fingers of one's hand, now they number  half a hundred.  The most distinguished arrival in Nelson this week was  M. JDriscoll of the boundary line Palace hotel.  After putting in about 7 months as mining recorder and  constable at Ainsworth, G. B. Nagle resigns the office to  follow the more congenial pursuit of prospecting for the  precious metals. Mr. Nagle leaves the record books of the  office in good shape for his. successor (T. J. Lendrum), and  leaves the district carrying with him the good will of every  honest resident claim owner.  REMOVAL.  Odell & Squire expect to move into their new store, No.  2 Houston & Ink block, on Tuesday, June 2nd, when they  expect to open another consignment of Scotch and Irish  tweed and serge suitings.  ADMINISTRATOR'S   NOTICE.  In the matter of the estate of Joseph Wilson, deceased,  intestate. ���������  Persons having claims against the above estate are requested to present them to the undersigned, at Nelson,  B. C, for settlement; to whom, also, persons indebted to  said estate are notified to make payment of all moneys  due. W. J. WILSON, administrator.  Nelson, B. C, May 23rd, 1891.  Alili   THE   BOYS   CJO   T������  No, 15 Baiter Street,  when they are looking for fun.   The best of wines,  liquors, and cigars always on hand.  Nelson and Ainsworth property is rapidly increasing in  value, now that the snow has disappeared from the mining claims in Toad Mountain and Hot Springs district so  as to permit investors in mines to look at the immense  deposits of ore. Merely to allow investors a chance to get  in and make a few honest dollars, Houston, Ink & Allan  of Nelson offer the following���������all lots in Nelson are inside  property, no one of them 1000 feet from the business center  of the town:  50x120 FEET.  Lot 4 Block 3, $1000.  Lot 7 Block 4,, $800; half cash, balance in 6 and 12 months  at 8 per cent-  Lot 2 Block 11,  $1800;   $1275 cash,  balance in 5 and 11  months at 8 per cent.  Lot 5 Block 11, $1800; $1275 cash, balance in 5 and 11  months at 8 per cent. B  30x120 FEET.  Lot 4 Block 5, $1800; $1000 cash, balance in 6 months at 8  per cent. This lot is next the postoffice and one of the best,  locations in the town.  Lots 9 and 10, Block 5, $4000; half cash, balance in 4, 8,  and 12 months at 8 per cent. These lots are on the corner  of Josephine street, and area bargain.  Lot 1 Block 6, $2000; half cash, balance in 4, 8, and 12  months at 8 per cent. This lot is also a Josephine street  corner.  Lot 8 Block 8, $400.  Lot 10 Blocks, $450 ; half cash, balance in 6 and 12 months  at 8 per cent.   A corner.  25x120 FEET.  Lots 5, 6, 7, 17, 18, 19, and 20 in Block 13, $400 ; $320 cash,  balance on October 15th.  25 x 120-FOOT BUILDING CONDITIONS.  Lots 13 and 14, Block 14, $700 ; $500 cash, balance on October 15th, a corner.  Lot 19, Block 15, $200; $120 cash, balance on October 15th.  Lots 23 and 24, Block 16, $600 ; $352 cash, balance on October 15th.   A nicely situated corner on Josephine street.  Lots 13 and 14, Block 16, $325 ; $165 cash, balance on October 15th.   A corner.  Lots 11, 12, and 13, Block 7, $500; $250 cash, balance on  October 15th.  AINSWORTH.  The best corner in Ainsworth, 50x105 feet, $2500; $1500  cash, balance in 5 months at 8 per cent.  MOTICE.  The RAILWAY HOTEL at ROBSON will be opened on  or about the 15th of June. The hotel is advantageously  situated near the railway station and steamboat landing  and will afford all the desirable comforts. The kitchen  will be superintended by one of its owners, N. Sicotte, who  is a caterer of long experience. Mr. Sicotte will be aided  by messrs. Levesque and Provost, who are also equally interested in the hotel. The table will always be supplied  with the best of everything obtainable. The bar will be  stocked with choice liquors and cigars. The whole will  be strictly first-class in every respect.  Robson, May 29th.  Barrister at  Law,   Solicitor,   Notary  Public, Eto.  Office, Victoria street, Kamloops, B. C.  LAY-OVER   NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given, that in,consequence of the prevailing high water all alluvial mining claims situate on  Hall creek, in the District of West Kootenay, will be laid  over until the 1st day of July.        G. C. TUNSTALL,  Nel8on, May 21st, 1891. Gold commissioner.  Bo  NOTARY PUBLIC.  REAL ESTATE AND MISSIES.  CONVEYANCING.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission.   Conveyancing documents drawn up.  Correspondence solicited.     :  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  GILKER & ������ELLS;  l*ost of lice Store,  Nelson,  B.  C.  AND GENTS' PUENISHING- GOODS.  ALSO,  FULL LINES OF  PATENT  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  CfiGARS   AT   WHOLESALE  TKAIIi,   B. C.     .  TOPPING &' HANNA........... Proprietors  Good table;  ������oo������i toecls 5  Hi as close Liquors.  BAIiFOUR,   B. C. .  BOAT    BUILDERS.  Hold your orders for Peterborough canoes until you see  specimens of our work and obtain our prices.  NOTICE.  In the matter of the estate of Patrick McNamee, deceased,  intestate.  Persons having claims against the above estate are requested to forward them to the undersigned for settlement;  to whom also persons indebted to said estate are notified  to make payment of all moneys duo.  G. C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Nelson, May 4th, 1891.  NOTICE.  In the matter of the estate of Thomas Higstrom, deceased,  intestate.  Persons having claims against the above estate are requested to forward them to the undersigned for settlement;  to whom also parties indebted to said estate are notified to  make payment of all moneys due.  G. C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Nelson, May 4th, 1891. '  m^a^^^  bV"3Sl%3  ���������*

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