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BC Historical Newspapers

The Miner May 2, 1891

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 4 ?<������--..  Only  Paper  Printed  in the  Kootenay  iakclfin*  ing' Districts.  For Rates  of Subscription and  Advertising  See Fourth Page.  NUMBER 45.  FELSO_T,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,   MAY   2,  1891.  $_ A YEAH.  m  A ''PIONEER    SELLS    HIS    INTERESTS.  It is reported that A. D. Wheeler has disposed  of all his interests in his mines and claims in Hot  Springs district (except an interest in one of the  Gallagher's) to his partners, J. W. MeQurie and  Henry Giegerich.   The amount of the consideration is not known, but  is said to be $5000 cash  and $30,000 in a year.    The best-known of the  properties are the Skyline and the Krao.    The  Skyline  is developed  by an  incline shaft down  -1.30 feet and  a 20-foot prospecting shaft.    A 2-  conipartment  working  shaft  was started   last  summer and is now down 190 feet.    There is a  steam hoist and pump on the property.    So far,  the Skyline has yielded about 100 tons of shipping and 1000 tons of second-class ore.    The ore  shipped is said to have netted the owners about  $30,000.    The Krao is one of the oldest locations  in Hot Springs district, and has produced some  rich ore.    It also has a steam hoist and pump in  position.    The other   claims  are not developed  oeyoiid  the prospect stage.    It is said that mr.  Wheeler will now devote his time to opening up  the Kootenay Chief, a claim adjoining the Blue  Bell.      The   Kootenay  Chief  is owned  by  the  Ainsworths.      Mr.  Giegerich,   it   is   said,   will  manage    the   ;Hot   Springs ^  properties.       Mnf  Wheeler was  one  of  the first   prospectors in  Hot Springs district, and has stuck to" the camp  through good and evil report for 5 years.  Twenty Men at Work on the Whitewater.  The owners of the Whitewater gold property  on Rover creek already have 20 men on the payroll. Double shifts are now at work iii the mine;  and the force will be increased as soon as the  new trail is completed. The Huntington mill  on the Gold King will be taken down and  packed to the Whitewater as soon as Wilson &  Perdue's pack animals arrive from Kettle river.  It is the intention of the Whitewater management to put in a platform and warehouse on the  Columbia & Kootenay railway, at a point near  Ward's crossing, so that supplies for the mine  and mill can be easily and expeditiously handled.  The Number of Men   Lilcely to be Employed.  A careful estimate of the men likely to be em-   j  ployed this year in the mines in Toad Mountain   !  district   places  the  number  at 300.    Within  a j  month men   will be steadily employed  on   the j  Silver King, Dandy, Iroquois, Grizzly Bear, Jim I  Crow, Poorman, Whitewater, and Wild Cat, to |  say nothing of the men  at work on the placers ��������� i  on Hall creek and on the gold prospects on the j  south side of the river and the copper and galena j  prospects on   the  north   side.     Last   year  the i  number so employed was less than 75.  Shaft. Tunnel,   and   Crosscut in Solid   Ore.  The shaft in the Silver King tunnel is down 10  feet, and in solid ore.    The face of the tunnel  is  now 50 feet beyond the old crosscut and is still  in solid ore, that assays up in the hundreds.  The south crosscut was advanced 5 feet during  the week and is also in solid ore. Every day's  work done on the Silver King goes to. prove that  it is a world beater.  "~ _3  _������  A   I>iscovery Made on the Lardeaux.  Frank Fletcher, .of the  Canadian Pacific land  department, returned to Nelson this week from  surveying a 2-mile block on the Lardeaux. He  reports making a find of meteoric iron that promises to be a big thing. He is having samples assayed, and if the returns are satisfactory men  will be placed on the property to develop it.  A Slight difference in Freight Rates.  The rate on mirrors from Toronto to Revelstoke by the Canadian Pacific is $8.38 per hundred; to Kootenay station by the Grand Trunk  and Northern Pacific $4. Freight can now be  billed through to Nelson by either route, and  shippers should always keep their eyes "peeled,"  and ship by the route that gives the best rate.  Sentiment should not have anything to do with  the matter, as the Canadian Pacific is as much  of an American as Canadian road.  A Uood Field for Prospectors and Speculators. ���������->  ��������� "������������������'���������    ������������������...' .   ���������.    ". ������������������ ������  The   Kootenay   Lake   country   has   not   yet  reached a stage of development to assure steady  employment to any large number of laboring  men  or  mechanics.    While quite a n umber of  men at present find employment on construction work on the Columbia & Kootenay  railway, that work will last scarcely a month  longer. The majority of these men, owing to  the high rate of wages prevailing, will remain  in the country; arid their number is sufficiently  large to supply any demand likely to occur this  summer. Except for carpenters, there is little  work for mechanics. Until machinery is placed  on the mines, miners who are not prospectors  had better stick to their jobs. The Kootenay  Lake country is a splendid,field for the prospector and speculator, and The Miner has no  hesitancy in inviting them to come; but the invitation cannot be extended to laborers and  mechanics.  Chinese Pronounced Worthless as Laborers.  The  contractors  who built  the  Columbia &  Kootenay to   a  man   say that they will never  again undertake a contract if Chinese labor is  forced upon them. This is because of their  worthlessness as laborers at heavy, continuous  work. Yet there are employers in the lake  country whose palms are itching to employ this  pronounced worthless labor,merely because it  can be had for a less rate per day than white  labor. There is one way to solve the question  of the employment of the Chinese brought into  the lake country by the Canadian Pacific, and  that is, send them north to the main line, with  the admonition that their presence will not  again be tolerated in southern Kootenay.  Will  Be Ready by May 28th.  On Monday dr. Hendryx and J. Fred Hume  left Nelson for Little Dalles, to take a look at  the new boat building at that place for the Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company. They were accompanied by F. G. Christie, the company's agent at Revelstoke. The  new boat was commenced on April 7th. She is  now planked, the caulking nearly finished, and  the seams on her bottom pitched. The first  house is on. The hull is of Paget Sound fir, and  the cabins will be finished in California redwood. Twenty-seven men are reported at work,  and the boat will make a trial trip on the 28th  instant���������so the contractor says.  The  Price of Real  Estate Advancing.  Outsiders who come to Nelson and Ainsworth  are greatly disappointed   because   they cannot  purchase inside property at the same prices paid  for it 2 years ago. These people should never  have ventured away from their homes. Nelson  inside business property is worth money because no other mining town in America has a  brighter future. Today lots are held at low  figures compared with the prices ruling for lots  in towns on Puget Sound that exist only on  paper. Vernon and Baker street 30 and.50-foots  rule firm at from $30 to $50 the front foot.  Building-condition residence lots are held at $200  to $500. '_   Work  to Be Recommenced   at the   Poorman.  A. L.  Davenport,   manager  of the  Poorman  mine and mill, arrived at Nelson from Portland,  Oregon, by the Galena on Tuesday. The mill  will be started up as soon as everything is in  readiness. A trial run will first be made on 30  tons of ore from the Wild Cat. After that the  mill will be run continuously on ore from the  Poorman, enough being in sight to keep the  mill running for 2 years.  WSTMH>RAW    THE    REGULATIONS.  President Boyle and superintendent Campbell  of the companies that own the smelter at Revelstoke and mines in Hot Springs district passed  through Nelson on Tuesday on their return to  Revelstoke. Mr. Boyle claims that the action  of the Dominion government, in ordering the  niachinery on the United andcother mines seized  if the duty levied was not paid instanter, will  have a bad effect among men with capital to invest in mines in British Columbia. He also  claimed that the class of machinery placed on  these mines is not manufactured in Canada, and  that the customs department action is in direct  violation of the published regulations. The  duty on the United niachinery was paid under  protest, as was also the duty on the machinery  on the Krao and Skyline. The regulations regarding the admission, free of duty, of mining  omachinery are a farce, and the sooner they are  withdrawn the better, as evidentlv the Domin-  ion government's customs department knows as  little about mining niachinery as its postofnee  department does about adequate mail service for  mining camps.  Within Three Miles of Nelson.  Tracklaying on the Columbia & Kootenay has  made such progress that chief engineer Duchesnay has promised dr. Hendryx, manager of the  Hendryx line of boats, that the end of the track  will be at a point within 2 miles of Nelson by  the 6th instant. A platform will be erected  there, so that freight for Ainsworth and Nelson  can be reshipped on the Galena. Today the end  of the track is within 3 miles of Nelson, Bob  Watmore and his gang laying a mile in one  day. Pretty good work considering the size of  the gang and the fact that tops had to be placed  on several hundred feet of trestles.  The Route not Yet B-cfinitcEy Located.  The chief engineer of the Great Northern railway is undecided as to which is the better route  for his road: the one that leaves the Kootenay  at Crossport and crosses the wagon road near  the Halfway house, or the one that leaves the  river near Deep creek. The latter is 2 miles the  longer, but the grades are easier. If the latter-  route is selected the Great Northern will be in a  position to handle a share of the trade of the  Kootenay Lake country without building a spur  line, as the point where the track wTill leave the  river is about 3 miles below the present landing  place of the Galena.  She Will  Be a Beauty.  The hull of the new boat building below Nelson is planked, and caulkers are at work. The  launching ways are in place. Her lines are pronounced the finest of any boat on the inland  waters of the north Pacific coast. The machinery will be put in position during the'month,  and she will be ready for business sometime in  June.  One   Thousand  dollars  Paid for an Extension.  On his recent trip to Hot Springs district, L.  R. C. Boyle of the Revelstoke Mining Company  purchased the Eureka claim from "Joe" Fletcher  and others for $1000. The Eureka is the north  extension of the Number One, a property owned  by the same company.  Negotiating   for Ihe  .fain Crow.  Negotiations are pending at Spokane Falls for  the bonding of the Jim Crow, a Toad Mountain  claim. The price stipulated in the bond is  $15,000. The Jim Crow7 is owned by John Johnson, C. J. Lundberg, P. H. Grace, CM. Town-  send, and Ben Thomas.  Four Feet of Ore in  the  Face of a Tunnel.  The  tunnel  on   the   Royal  Canadian, a gold  claim a mile west of the Poorman mine, is in 185  feet, with 4 feet of ore reported in the face. THE  MINEE,:    KELSON,   B.  0.; SATUEDAY,   MAY  2,   1891.  THE-<.'MINING"- IAW   OF . BRITISH "COLUMBIA.  Below are the main, sections of the law relating to quartz mining in this province. The prospector and miner will see that they differ but  slightly from the pro visions of t he mining laws  of the United States.  3. Every person over, but not under, 18-'years  of agfe, and every joint stock company, shall been titled to all therights and privileges of a free  miner, and shall be considered a free miner,  upon taking out a free miner's certificate. A  minor who shall become a free miner shall, as  regards his mining property and liabilities contracted iii connect ion therewith, be treated as  of full age. A free -ihirier's certificate issued to  a joint stock cotiipany shall be issued in its'corporate-, haine.'' A free miner's 'certificate, shall  not be transferable.  9. No person or joint stock company shall be  recognized as having any right or: interest in or  to any mineral claim, or any 'mineralstherein,  or in or to any water right, mining ditch, drain,  tunnel, or flume, unless he or it shall have a  free miner's certificate unexpired. And on the  expiration of a free miner's certificate, the  owner thereof shall absolutely -forfeit, all his  rights and interests in or to any mineral claim,  and all and any minerals therein, and in or to  any and every water right; mining ditch, drain,  (tunnel, or flume, which may be held or claimed  bv such owner of such 'expired free ininer's cer-  tiiicate, unless such owner shall, on or before  the day following the expiration of such certificate, obtain a new free miner's certificate : Pro-  vided, nevertheless, that a shareholder in a joint  stock company need not be a free.'."'miner, and,  though not a free miner, shall be entitled to buy,  sell, hold, or dispose of any shares therein : And  provided, also, that this section shall not apply  to mineral claims for which a certificate of improvement or crown grant has been issued;  14. Anv free miner desiring to locate a min-  era'l claim shall, subject to the provisions of this  act with respect to land which may be used for  mining, enter upon the same ancl locate a plot  of ground, where possible, 1500 feet long by.GOO  feet wide, and where possible, in rectangular  form: Provided, however, that the end lines of  every mineral claim shall be parallel. In defining the size of a, mineral claim, it shall be measured horizontally, irrespective, of inequalities on  the surface of the ground.  15. A mineral claim shall be marked bv3 legal  posts placed, as near as possible, at equal distances from each other along the, center line.  The posts shall be numbered 1, 2, 3. The center  post shall always be numbered 2, and in de-terming'the center line and length of the claim, a  line shall be run from 1 through 2 and be continued in the same straight line to.the required  distance, without reference, as to direction, to  post 3, but, as to.distance, such line shall not exceed the distance in a straight line between  posts 1 and 3, and shall not exceed 1500 feet.  On each post there shall be placed a legible notice in writing, stating the name of the claim, its  length in feet, and the direction of the center  line, with the date of the notice and the name  of the claimant of the ground. When a claim  is located in a timbered country, where any one  post cannot be seen from the next post, the locator shall blaze a line connecting all tlie posts.  It shall be unlawful to remove-or change the  situation of any post unless the claim shall have  been previously abandoned or forfeited.  16, Any location made upon Sunday or any  public holidayshall not for that reason be invalid,  any law or statute to the contrary notwithstanding.  19. Every free miner locating a mineral claim  shall record the same with the mining recorder  of the district within which the same is situate,  within 15 days after the location thereof, if  located within ten miles of the office of the said  mining recorder. One additional day shall lie'  allowed for such, record for every additional ten  miles, or fraction thereof. Such record shall be  made in a book to be kept for the purpose in t he  office of the said mining recorder, in which  shall be inserted the name of the claim, the  name of each locator, the number of each  locator's free miner's certificate, the locality of  the mine, the direction of the center line, the  length in feet, the date of location, and the date  of the record.  24. Any free miner having duly located and  recorded a mineral claim shall be entitled to  hold the same for the period of one year from  the r ecording of the same, and thence from year  to year: Provided, however, that during each  year and each succeeding year, such free miner  shall do, or cause to be clone, work on thexdaiui  itself to the value of one hundred, dollars; and,  shall satisfy the gold commissioner or mining  recorder that such work has been clone, by an  affidavit of the free miner or his agent, setting  out a detailed statement of such work, and  shall obtain from such gold commissioner or  mining reeOitler, and shall record a certificate  of such work having been done. If such work  shall not be 'done, or if such certificate shall not  beso obtained..and- recorded, in each and every  year, the claim shall he deemed vacant and  abandoned, any rule of law; or equity to the  contrary notwithstanding.      ',.'"-'  20. No free miner shall be entitled to,1 hold in  his own name or in the name of any other person, more than one mineral claim oil the same  .vein,or lode except by purchase, but such free  miner inay hold by location a .claim upon each  separate vein or lode.  27. A'free miner may at any time abandon  ���������..any'mineral claim by giving hot ice in writing of  such    intention    to    abandon    to   the    mining  recorder, and from the date of such  notice all  interest of such  free miner in such claim shall  ".cea.se.' ; ���������;. ''���������. ������������������;. '    ���������";.;  . .   .���������        / ' ���������'  28. When a free miner abandons a mineral  claim he shall have the .right to take from the  same any .'machinery and any personal property  ���������'.-.which "he-'may have placed on the claim, and  anv ore which he tnav have^extracted therefrom  with in .such time as shall be fixed by the gold  commissioner or ���������mining recorder.  29. No free miner shall"be entitled tore-locate  any   mineral   claim,   or   any" portion   thereof,  ������. which he shall have abandoned or forfeited, unless he shall have obtained the written permission of the gold commissioner to make such relocation; and he. shall hold no interest in any  portion.of such mineral claim, by location, without such permission.  34. The interest of a free miner in his mineral  claim shall, save as to claims held as real estate,  be deemed to be a chattel interest, equivalent to  a lease, for one year, and thence from year to  year subject to the performance and observance  of all the terms and conditions of this act.  .35. Any lawful holder of a mineral claim shall  be entitled to a crown grant thereof on payment  to. the government of-British Columbia'of the  sum of $25 per acre in lieu of expenditure on the  claim. The intending purchaser shall cause a  notice of his intention to purchase to be inserted  in the British Columbia Gazette, and in one  'newspaper circulating in the district in which  'the claim is situate, for 60 days prior to the issuance of the crown grant.  30. ..Whenever the lawful holder of a-mineral  claim shall have complied with the following requirements, he shall be entitled to receive from  tho gold commissioner, a certificate of improvements in respect of such claim :���������  (a) Done or caused to be done work on the  claim itself in developing a mine to the value of  $500, exclusive of all houses, buildings, and other  like improvements:  ���������(b) Found a vein or lode within the limits of  such claim:  '(c)' Had the claim surveyed by an authorized  provincial land surveyor, who shall "have made  3 plats of the claim, and placed one such plat on  tho No. 2 or center post of the-claim, or on a  post as near thereto as possible, and who shall  have accurately defined the. boundaries of such  claim by placing monuments or legal posts at  the angles or corners of such claim, and who  shall have also examined the work done on the  mine itself for the development thereof, and  made an affidavit setting out fully the particulars of such work, exclusive of houses, buildings,  and other like Improvements, and to the best of  his belief the. value of such work, and that a  vein or lode has been found to exist on the claim.  '61. Provided, nevertheless, that no certificate  of improvements shall be granted in respect of a  mineral claim the title to "which is in litigation,  and a certificate of improvements granted in  respect of any such claim shall be null and void.  3S-. After the issuing and recording of such  certificate of improvements, and while such certificate shall be in force, the claim shall not be  deemed abandoned or forfeited on account of  tho holder thereof failing to take out a free  miner's certificate, and it shall not be necessary  to do any work thereon.  50.  Every conveyance, bill of sale, mortgage,  or other document of title relating to any min  eral claim, mine held as real estate, or mining  interest, shall be recorded within the time prescribed for recording mineral claims; Provided,  always, that the failure to record any such document shall not invalidate the same as between  the parties thereto, but such documents as to  third parties shall take effect from the date of,  record, and not from the date of such document.  51. No transfer of any.-mineral claim, or of  any interest therein, shall be enforceable unless  the same shall be in writing, sighed by the  transferrer, or by his agent authorized in writing, and recorded-by the. mining recorder; and  if signed by an agent, the authority of such  agent shall be recorded -before the record of such  'transfer. ' - ,,._.,'. .        ������������������������������������  89. Any partner making "default in ��������� payment',  after receiving a notice specifying the amount  due by him, shall, if such amount be correct, be  personally liable therefor to the partnership,  and his interest in the part'n'ershi.p proper! y may  be sold by the partnership for'-.the payment of  the debt, and any further assessment which  may have accrued thereon up to the day of sale,  together with all costs and charges occasioned  by such default; and if the proceeds of the sale  be insufficient to pay off the several sums mentioned, the court having jurisdiction in mining-  disputes upon being applied to, shall issue an  order directed.to. the sheriff to seize and ..sell any  Other personal property to the debtor.������������������ Notices  of sale shall, in either of theabovecases, be conspicuously posted thirty clear days prior to the  clay of sale, in the vicinity of such mining or  other property and on the court house or mining recorder's office nearest thereto. But if such  partner be absent from the district such notices  shall be posted as aforesaid sixty clear days before the day of sale, and a copy of such notice  shall be'published in some newspaper circulating'  in the district" wherein such ���������������������������'hi ining'- or other  property is situate. Such sale shall be by 'pubiic  auction to the highest bidder. The purchaser'  shall be entitled to possession of the '.property-  sold, and to a bill of sale f he'.ref<>r signed by the  auctioneer; csuch bill of sale shall confer such  title upon the purchaser as the owner had.  93. No partner' shall after a bill of sa le con vey-  iiis^r his interest has been recorded, be liable for  any indebtedness of the '-'partnership'- incurred-  thereafter.  138. The gold com mission er shall have power  to allow a free miner holding adjoining.mineral  claims to perform upon anyone of such claims  all the work required to 'entitle-him to a certificate of work for each such claim, and.Upon being  satisfied by an'-affidavit' setting out fully the  particulars of such work, he shall direct the  mining recorder to issue a certificate of work  for each such claim.  139. The gold commissioner may in his discretion permit a free miner to relocate a. mineral  claim, or any part thereof, which may "have  been abandoned or forfeited by such freeminer;  Provided that such-relocations shall not pi e-  judice or interfere with the rights or* interests.of  others.  '3  DEALERS  IN  G-ROCBRIES  AND  SUPPLIES TOE PKOSPECTOfLS AKD __I_TEES.  BAI.FOUR,  located as it is at the outlet of Kootenay IrJkc, will  be easily accessible during the season to all  tlie mining districts on the lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON  Barrister at  Law,   Solicitor,   Notary  Public, Eto.  Office, Victoria street, Kamloops, B. C.  in cash, and $80 on October loth, 1891, will buy choice lota  in block 13 (the new hotel block.)     HOUSTON,  INK &  ...     (tL   ALLAN, 14 East Baker street, Nelson, B. C  i"-T %&'  Ev1 .:*  ������������������������'  ^i'. * ��������� THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   E.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   MAY  2,< 1891.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B. C.  H.   8c   T.   MADDEN  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with a frontage: cowards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  t :__: :__    rr ___ _3 i_, :e_  Is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED   WITH  THE   BEST  ; brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE   IS   NOT  'PASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQU0SSv  J AS.,.DAWSON b.  PROPRIETORS  I&ALFOtifiS,   BJ. ���������.  0  FLINT & GALLOP,  Proprietors.  The BALFOUR commands a.fine view of the Outlet and  Lake, and will be kept second to no hotel in  Hot Springs district.  Balfour is easily accessible to the mines in  Hot Springs  district., and is in tlie center of a large area of mineral country not yet prospected.   Tt is also  within easy distance of the Kootenay  Lake and Pilot Bav sawmills.  TRAIL CREEK, B. C.  W.   II.   POUI/TOX B>!S������I,,2_&_;_,0_fc  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Creek  mining district, its proprietor being a caterer of experience.  The table will always be supplied with the best: of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with Mv>ice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure rye  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  T3SE  'STORY/.OF "STANLEY'S"  BEAR- COLUMN.'  The Miner has impartially printed extracts  froiri all the books that have been given the  public on the Stanley '."expedition for the relief  of   Emin   Pasha;    The  following  are  extracts  from  the diary of James S. Jameson, who was  with the rear column :  Here is what he says, writing to his brother,  from Yariibuya; on August 7, 18S7: "I have  never been (>n any trip which was so much like  a funeral; no fun, all dampness, and this is  greatly owing to Stanley hiurself, for no matter  how hard you work, or how well you do a thing,  you get no thanks, no encouragement, no cheery  words, nothing but blame and hard words from  him. I know, to gi ve the devil his due, that his  anxiety and vyOrry of mind, besides the immense  amount of things he lias to think about, are immense, but he ought not to beJ so single-minded  and visit it upon us poor devils. One cannot  help admiring the man for his tremendous  strength of will, and power of overcoming all  difficulties, also for his great pluck, but he is a  man one could never make a friend of." By and  by we may know how much importance should  be attached to the lights and shadows of this  picture respectively. It certainly gives evidence  of an effort to be fair.  It would appear that there was an utter lack  of congeniality between the two men. Of  Jameson himself " one who knew and appreciated him" has testified: ���������" His character was  one which it was impossible to know without  loving���������unselfish and generous, pure-hearted  andc brave; a rare, combination of manly  strength and courage with the most tender  sweetness and gentleness of spirit. Seldom, if  ever, has such an instance been known to me. of  utter forgetfulness of self and thoughtfulness  for others, at all times and under all circumstances. " There is not hing in mr. Jam eson's  notes -here -.published-'..which would lead us to  doubt the truth of this testimony.  A good deal of the volume is taken up with  details which confirm the accounts in inr. Stanley's volumes, and there is a. good deal about the  natural history of the districts through which  they passed ; but there is no great variety bf  incident, whilst there is abundant evidence of  the superhuman patience needed to wait in a  condition almost passive, sometimes almost  without food or clothes ; and we ought, perhaps,  to wonder not that errors were committed, but  that they were not greater.  Referring to the death of major Barttelott, he  says : " He was a straightforward, honest English gentleman ; his only fault being a little too  quick-tempered..- He loved plain straightforward dealing far too much to get on well with  ���������the Arabs. * * * He was far too good a man  to lose his life in a miserable way like this, and  God knows what I shall do without him."  On   the  one   terrible   incident   in   Jameson's  journey,   his  presence  at  a  cannibal  sacrifice,  something  inust be said.    Of course the whole  story is not told in his journal; by which we do  not  mean that anything is wilfully kept back.  Indeed we see no reason whatever to doubt the  straightforwardness of the statements which he  makes upon this subject.    He tells us that after  hearing some stories about  the eating of their  captives,  he declared that  he pronounced such  narratives to be mere ki travelers' tales."    Tippu  Tib "then said something to an Arab called Ali  seated next, him, who turned round to me and  said :    "Give me a bit of cloth and see."    I sent  my boy for six  handkerchiefs, thinking it was  all a joke, and  that  they were not in  earnest,  but presently a man appeared, leading a young  girl of about  ten  vears old  bv the hand, and I  then witnessed the most terribly sickening sight  I am ever likely to see in  my lite.  ��������� * . *    *    Until  the  last   moment I could   not believe  they  were in earnest.    I  have heard many stories of  this kind since 1 have been in this country, but  never  could   believe them, and   I  never would  have been such a beast as to witness this, but I  could   not   bring  myself to  believe that it was  anything save a ruse, to get money out of me,  until the last moment."    We have omitted the  details,   and   we   see   no   reason   to  doubt  the  writer's good faith. /   ���������  N. HOOVER  still has a few more cases of CONDENSED MILK for sale.  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  NELSON, ������. ���������.  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE  ROOMS  THE  TABLE  are comfortable in size and 0    is  acknowledged   the best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  _r_E__������3   Z_3___Ei  is stocked with the best liquors and-"cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold, except.Hiram-Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  "The Tinest Hotel in Toad .Mountain District."  Corner West Baker and Ward Streets,  '.NELSON, 55. C.  JOHNSON   &.   MAHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  The Silver King is a new building and furnished with new  furniture from kitchen to attic.   The table will not  be equalled by any hotel in Nelson.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  mE-IIE  HOTEL AND EESTAUEA-TT.  EALS   AT  ALL   HOURS  ������S������E\'    I5AY.   ANI������'. NHiiHT.  Rooms and Sleeping Accommodations for 30 People  NO.  13   EAST BAKER  STREET.  GE_C_  0"���������  EDSOXT J.  SUsTDAR  PROPRIETORS.  WEST   KOOTENAY   DISTRICT.  Notice is hereby given that, assessed and provincial revenue taxes for 1891 are now due and payable at my ollice,  Nelson, at the following rates:  If paid  on  or  before   the 'Mith June.  One-half of one per cent on the assessed value of real  estate;  One-third of. one per cent on the assessed value of personal property;  Seven and one-half cents per acre on wild land.  If _>ai������l on  or after 'the 1stJuly.  Two-thirds of one percent on the assessed value of real  estate;  One-half of one per cent on the assessed value of personal  property;  Eight and one-half cents per-acre on wild land.  T. IT. GIFFIN, assessor and collector.  Nelson, February 10th, 1891. _  THE  MI_TE_t:    NELSON,   B.  0.,   SATUEDAY,  MAY  2,  1891.  The Miner is printed On Saturdays, and will be  -    mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  jrates: Three months ������1.50, six months ������2.50, one year $i.  Contract Adve rtisem ents will be inserted at the  rate of ������3 an inch (down the, column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. ; Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed, for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  BiRTrr Notices free if weight of child is given; if  weight is not given ������1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from $1 to ������10��������� according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing;'.in good sty lb at fatr rates; Cards  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  in: stock, ���������-,",.''' ������������������-..'������������������..  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as; "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all,Letters:  The Miner, Nelson, 33; C.  -KDItOltlAL   l-EMAKKS.  In /maintaining that tho Robson government..',  did a wise act in repealing ihe law prohibiting the  employment of Chinese in the coal mines of the  province, the  Victoria Colonist  does  not voice  the opinions of the people of British Columbia,  however near it may voice the opinions of the  Dunsmuirs.      The people   of  British   Columbia  are opposed to the presence of" Chinese in their  tnidst, and would  exclude  them  from the province if they had the power.    The Dunsmuirs, in  late   years,   by their  greed   and  stubbornness,  have gained  the ill-will, not only of their employees, but  of  the Working men of the coast  cities at which they market the product of their  mines.    They alone of all the coal operators on  Vancouver Island require special legislation to  enable them   to compete successfully with their  r i vals.     That t h e Robson  govern ui en t g ran ted  their request, and  enacted the desired  legislation, is proof that  that government is only too  subservient to the sons of a man who, before his  death, was the power behind the Robson throne.  But then, little less could be expected from a  government that would barter away the revenue  of the province to a bastard railway corporation  likethe Columbia & Kootenay.  The   Dominion    government- should    either  allow  all  machinery used   in mining to be admitted free of duty, or collect a uniform duty on  such machinery.    The present regulations are a  farce.    Mining -machinery is brought into this  section, the owners making" -affidavit that  like  machinery   is   not   manufactured   in   Canada.  Months afterwards the collector of customs is  cordered to collect the duties, on the ground that  similar machinery is manufactured in Canada.  The Miner is opposed to the admission of machinery free of duty, for the; simple reason that  mine  owners should  contribute their share of  the expenses of maintaining- the federal government.    At the same time, if all mining machinery was admitted free of duty for a. period of  three years,-as was contemplated when the regulations went into effect,.-no doubt it would have  a tendency to stimulate an  industry that is at  present almost dormant in this province.    The  uncertainty and disappointment  brought about  by the present regulations are doing more to retard the mining industry in   British Columbia  than   would   the  collection   of duty   on   every  piece of machinery brought into the country.  Since the going into effect of the regulations  admitting inining machinery free of duty, there  has not been a dollar's worth brought into  British Columbia over which there has not been  disputes and vexatious delays. It is the vexation  and worry that annoy business men, and if the  regulations cannot be enforced without this  vexatious worriment it would be better they  were done away with altogether and the duty  collected.  __/������������������'���������'  Under the provisions of "An Act Respecting  Pu blie Schools," a school district can be created  where there are at least 15 children between 6  and 16 years of age; or if there be not 15 children, a. school can be established where there  are not less than 7 children of school age, upon;  the application of a majority of the parents res-  ident in such community. At present there are  18 children of school age in Nelson or it's''Immediate vicinity. It is the duty of the parents  of these children to make application at once  for a public school.  Brother Blaine seems to have got just a shade  the best of if in the diplomatic-contention'with  the Italian minister of roreign affairs over the  lynching of Italians at New Orleans. It is now  hi order for the Canadian press, both Conservative and Liberal, to denounce mr. Blaine as  nothing more*than a scheming, second-rate politician.   '.    " '."   _____    ��������� - "'���������;���������-.  In British Columbia the trades of doctors of  .'medicine, doctors of dentistry, and doctors of  law  are  protected   by   special  legislation,   and  woe be unto the man  who attempts to work at  either  of   these  trades without first  obtaining  permission from the officers of these "unions."  But once the coal miners of Vancouver Island  apply for legislation  to protect them from the  incompetence of free Chinese labor, the scene  shifts, and the doctors and the dentists and the  lawyers  are  seen  standing on   the legislative  platform   with  hands   upraised in holy horror.  British Columbia is not the only province which  has  granted   special privileges  to   these  three  trades.    Says the Toronto Week:    "Following  " the example of other guilds, the undertakers  "are seeking  from  the  Ontario assembly the  " legislation necessary to enable them to form  " themselves into a close corporation.   Logically  " their claim   is, so far as we can see,  just  as  " good as that of the architects, while that of  " the architects, as  we admitted a year ago, is  " in its turn just as good as that of the doctors  " and lawyers.    If there is any difference in the  " force of the arguments for incorporation it is  " certainly only in degree and not in kind.   But  " whereunto  will   this  thing grow?   Is  it not  " about time that a professedly Liberal govern-  " merit   and   legislature   should  stop and ask  "seriously whether this whole system of pro-  " fessional close corporations, created and pro-  " tected by special legislation, is not wrong in  "principle,   and unjust   in   practice?    In  one  " respect,   indeed,   the   powers   asked   by   the  "architects'    and    the    undertakers    are    less  " objectionable  than   those   already conferred  " on the medical and legal practitioners,   inas-  " much as the former claim monopolies of their  " respective names or titles only, while the latter  " insist on forbidding.all" who do not learn to pro-  " nounce their shibboleth, to practice their pro-  " fession, even without the name.   They are con-  " tent with nothing less than the more complete  " and absolute-monopoly.    Such a monopoly the  " doctors, one  would suppose, have already ob-  " tained, though it appeal's that some of them, at  " least, are not yet satisfied, and are demanding  " powers still more extensive and arbitrary.    A  "recent  communication in one of the Toronto  " papers complains that the monopoly secured to  " the members of the legal profession islesscom-  " plete, they being subject to competition in such  " lines as conveyancing,  drawing of wills, etc.  " Now, no one can deny that it is perfectly proper  "and commendable for members of any craft of  " profession to band themselves together for the  " purpose  of  elevating the standard  of educa-  " tion-and skill in their respecti ve callings.    It  " should not be  very difficult,  one would sup-  " pose, for the doctors or the lawyers, through  "the agencV of such voluntary unions, to secure  "for their cert iii cat es such respect and to con-  " fer on their members such prestige as would  " amply safeguard ���������'���������both' their'own interests and.  " those of the public.    And the same thing is  " true   in   regard   to   architects,    undertakers,  "plumbers,   and   in   fact   to   workmen in   any  "and every occupation   requiring special traiu-  " ing   and   skill.      Under   such   cireumstances  " every intelligent citizen   would, for,example,  "be pretty sure to employ, in case of necessity,  " the  physician  whose  professional knowledge  "and     skill     were    thus    guaranteed,    rather  " than       the      one      who      could      give       no  " such-.'certificate ���������   of    professional    standing.  "But    the    case    takes   on   a,    very : different  ������������������.'���������" aspect when these unions .-arc so hedged a;bout  "by law that   they can  absolutely forbid eveiy  " one, no  matter  how  well  qualified,  who  has  "'not-entered the ranks through  their partieu-  "lar strait gate, to', heal  the sick.or relieve.-the  "suffering, on   pain   of  fine or   imprisonment.  "Are not such cases as that in  which a reputa-  " ble   physician <>f  the sister   province was  re-  " cently fined $100 for the crime  of having pre-'  " scribed for some sick or injured person on this  "side   of  the .imaginary   boundary   line,   a  re-  " proach to our legislation  and a reflection on  "our intelligence?    Were tlie members of any  "union of skilled workmen to ask that a law be  " passed making it a punishable offense for any  " o n e n o t  a me r n b e.r oft: h e lv union t (), wo r k- a t  ���������" their .'.trade- their petition  would   be scouted.  "We  should   be   glad   if  any  doctor   or   even  " lawyer would show us just where the distinc-  " Hon in principle is to be seen."  The Revelstoke Star says it vyas not incensed  at mr. Kellie because he withdrew his resolutions asking the Dominion government to place  an export duty on ore, but that it was incensed  at him for his act ion with regaid to the specific  appropriations asked for for Revelstoke. The  Star probably does not know what, it did say or  meant, judging from the following sentence:  "The Miner says the Star's utterances were  "inspired by one who carries the town of Kam-  " loops in his breeches pocket. We had no idea  "we carried such a load." The Star man's  pocket is as empty as his head.  The Miner opposed the creation of the county  court district of Kootenay -for the reason that  there was not enough business in the old district  of Yale-Kootenay to employ the time of judge  Spinks 6 days a.-month during the year. The  judge of the new district will have 10 days to go  a fishing for every day employed at his judicial  duties. The question of the place of residence  of the judge is of minor importance,'a.-rid it matters little whether he resides at Donald or at the  Moberly House. It is merely a question of  creating an office not needed, and the squandering of public moneys that could well he devoted  to purposes of public benefit.  An English judge recently "beat the record"  as to shortness of time covered by a penal sentence. A woman having been convicted in his  court of marriage without obtaining a divorce,  from her former husband, was sentenced to five  minutes* imprisonment. Short as the sentence,  there are Yankee women who, as a matter of  principle, would have appealed the case.  fe&  Jf-. -II *  _!��������� '���������   * u *  :>������������������������������������*,".> ������  ������������������������*���������' l THE   MI_TEfi:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,   MAY  2,   1891.  Dealers in Dry G-oods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect G-oods  and compare Prices.  _ain Street BEVELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  AN    HONEST    ASSEMKLtfMAtf.  The men who supported mr. Kellie last spring  need not be ashamed of their action, for if there  was one member in the assembly who kept the  pledges made before election", that.-.member was  the one from West Kootenay. He was elected  as an independent, and his votes on all important measures proved that he. was in thorough  accord with his constituents. That the Ooh'im-  umbia & Kootenay Railway Aid Act was introduced and rushed through its passage only two  days before the legislative assembly adjourned  is ample proof that the present government of  British Coinmbia is dominated by the Canadian  Pacific rail way,- and merely registers the bidding of that corporation. Mr. Kellie's action in  the-matter is given below:  Mr. Robson rose to move the adjournment,  when mr. Kellie rose to a. question of privilege,  and appealed to the ��������� government to -withdraw  the Columbia and Kootenay Railway subsidy  bill that had been passed a. couple of days before. . The bill had been brought down in the  last days of the session, and rushed through he-  fore lie had had a chance to look it over, .and before the house had time to understand it. The  bill, if it went into effect, would be most disastrous to his district. It should be left over till  the next session. He .believed in dealing .fairly  by the railway, But he'did not believe in sacrificing his constituents for it. If the .govern merit  did not withdraw' the bill he was sure they  would live to regret it.  .Mr. Robson said West Kootenay was an.important district, and mr. Kellie, their member,  was.a very nice'gentleman-.. He hoped, however,  he would.'not lower himself in the esteem of the  house by making remarks for which he would  afterwards he sorry. The bill had been passed  by a majority of 20 to 9. The. business of Koot-  enoy must be-carried on in a constitutional way  by the whole house, and it was nonsense to ask  the government to withdraw what had been  passed by the house. The premier then announced that'prorogation would take place on  Monday at 3 o'clock.  Mr.  Kellie  again  protested  against  the bill.  He was not  here to curry favor with  anybody.  He was here to  represent,  his constituents and  their   interests,   no   matter   what   the   premier'  thought.  Mr. Hall said mr. Kellie must understand he  could not bulldoze the house.  Mr. Robson then congratulated the house on  the large amount of work got through with during the. session and thought British Columbia  should be proud of. such a, house. He hoped all  ill-feeling aroused by remarks.in heated debate  would-be forgotten and hoped the members  would, in the providence of God, he spared to  meet again next session.  Mr. Kellie here again rose to his feet and said  he had no intention of bulldozing the house.  He had come down here with the most friendly  feeling for the government, and further, to assist them, he had spent 2 months helping to  frame a mineral bill," but he would repeat that  the Columbia and Kootenay subsidy bill would  be most disastrous to his district, and he would  cast the responsibility of it on the shoulders of  the government.  Tlie Arrival  and 'Departure  of Mails. .  From  this time on mail matter destined for  United States poihtswill be dispatched from the  Nelson office by way of Sproat and Little Dalles  on Mondays and Thursdays. Canadian' -mails  will arrive at Nelson on Tuesdays and Fridays,  and oftener as'soon as the steamer Kootenay is  placed on the route between Revelstoke and  Sproat.  A Daily BSoat. ESetween  Nelson  and Ains>vortBi.  Arrangements are being perfected to place a  boat on the route between Nelson and Ainsworth, to make daily trips, or at least daily trips  on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and  Fridays. It is believed the traffic will now  justifv it.  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  Town lots, lands, and raining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing: documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  GEO. E. ���������__. ELLIS, F. C. S.  MINING   ENGINEER   AND   CHEMIST,  Author of "Practical Organic Analysis," the "Iron Ores of  the World,"-etc.; expert in the "Bluebird  Mining Suit" (Butte City);  NELSON,  IS. ���������.  Will examine and report on, or superintend the development of, mining properties in West Kootenay; advises on the treatment of ores, and furn-  .    ishea specifications of mining, milling, and smelting plants.  ASSAY' CHARGES :    Gold,   silver,   or   lead,   $1.50   each.  Gold and silver, or lead and silver. ������2.    Copper, S2.o0. ���������  Silver and copper, $3.   Gold, silver, and lead, $3.   Gold,  silver, and copper, $4 ; and so on.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the. necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  Tostoflice  Store,   Kclsoir,   il. V.  AND GENTS' PUENISHING- GOODS.  ALSO,  FULL, LINES OF  O  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  S   AT  ANNOUNCEMENT.  To the-Editor qf The Miner: Please reserve a space  ���������in your paper for W. Kirkup & Co., who will open a general stove and tin business at Nelson as soon as a carload  of goods '-arrive from the east, which will be about the first  week in May. W. KIRKUP & CO.  Revelstoke, April 7th.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from ..ftfj.oO to $500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and.woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay'  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for .Evans Bros, pianos and Dohorty organs.  MA8N STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  O ZE3IO IC_E  Pianos, Organs, Sewing Machines,  FOIt  SALE  ���������HEA1'.  Wholesale and retail,  handled.  None hut first-class instruments  A. J. ..ROSS, Calgary, Alberta.  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc,  Agent for mineral claims;  crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Otlice at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C. THE  MINEE,:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   MAT  2,   1891.  Canadian Pacific Bail way  OUE NATIONAL HIGHWAY  .wm&^Wffistt-rare  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean,  nsro obe____st<3-eiS-  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay Lake Shippers will be consulting   their   own   interests  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  STEAMER   "LYTTON  ������  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE  every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  VANCOUVEK,  NEW WES_  VIOTOEIA,  g f ZMZOZTxTT_=t__]___X_:,  NEW WESTMINSTEE, | j s _?IE_p_^^__f'  0 AND  ALL POINTS  EAST.  For rates,  maps,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,  apply  to any  agent of the company.  ,_���������^^���������._^rr^. ^   e   BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B. C.  THE    COLUMBIA    &   KOOTENAY    STE  NAVIGATION   COMPANY,   LIMITED.  THE STEAMER LYTT.ON  will leave REVELSTOKE every Monday/and Thursday  at 4 A. M. for Robson and Little Dalles, connecting  at the latter point with the Spokane Falls  & Northern railway.  Returning, will leave LITTLE DALLES every Tuesday  and Friday at 9 A. M., arriving at Robson between  3 and 5 P. M.,and'remaining from 15 to 30  minutes, then proceeding to Revelstoke.  F. ii. .(UIIKISTIEV Agent,  KEVELSTOKE,- IS. ���������.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee Work finished on time.  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  J- A������ IVSELVILLE/  ARCHITECT,  CONTEACTOE  AND   BUILDEE,  XELSOX,   H. V.  Plans, specifications, and estimates furnished for  all classes of buildings.  R.   J.   HILTS.  JOHN   LEE.  CONTEACTOES AND BUILDEES,  NKLSO.\,   B. ���������.  Estimates made on all kinds of buildings, and contracts carried out with expedition.  BRICK AND STONE MASON,  PLASTEEER.  Will contract to do brick and stone work, also plastering  and oalcimining. Leave orders at J. Fred Hume & Go's,  9 and 11 East Vernon street, Nelson, 13. C.  THIS     GREATEST     SOLIMESt : SN     KIIROPE:    I&EAI>.  A cablegram from Berlin on the night of the  24th of April contained in the meagre words,  "Voir Moltke died this evening,", tlieonly news  received of the removal from the stage of current events of the greatest military' genius of  modern times���������one: of the greatest strategists  the world has ever seen. His death was a startling surprise. It came almost as sudden as if he  had been shot on the field of battle. Not the  slightest intimation had been given dii.r'iinr vhe  day. The general was about at a late hour in  the" afternoon,   attending  to  bis  duties at the  leichstag, engaged in consultation m committees, and seemed cheerful .and hearty, conversing in a free and animated manner with his  friends.  Field marshal von Moltke was loved and respected, not only by all who crime in actual eon-  tact with him, but by the people of every class  and rank in the German empire. Berlin and  every part of the realm where the news of his  death has reached is in deepest mouining over-,  the sad event. The direction of his obsequies  will undoubtedly be assumed by the government. In view of the fact that the emperor, is  known to have the highest regard for the deceased .warrior,-'it is expected that the funeral  will not be wanting in anything to make it. a fitting close to the great stlalegist's career. The  military display will probably rival any similar  ���������demonstration of modern times.  His death removes the greatest soldier of Europe. An imposing figure, an unforgettable  character in that great continental combat  which changed the .map of Europe and realized  the dream of a consolidated .German, empire...  He was conceded by all the most illustrious military critics or the world to be the most perfect  personification of the trained commander of vast  bodies of troops. ,,As a disciplinarian he was  matchless. No single feat in military annals  can equal his almost lightning-like mobilization  of the 3 divisions of the German army on the  French frontier in 1870, the first army under  general Steinmetz, the second -under, prince  Frederick Charles, and the third under the  crown prince.  During the retirement of his later years, and  especially since the death of his wife not long  ago, the old soldier has shunned all public display. His wife's grave was his Mecca and to  that his only pilgrimages were-'made..- He was  prevailed on on the 26th of last October, the 9()th  ami i versary of his birth, to -receive' the affectionate greetings and homage of the German people. The young emperor called in person to  pay his respects to the venerable warrior, whose  services had done much to consolidate the empire, while all over the land demonstrations of  some sort were held. Since that occasion the  general has maintained the privacy he desired  on his estate near Berlin.  Death  of an iPUl   Pioneer.  Revelstoke  Star,   April   25th :     Another  old  pioneer has crossed the great divide, in the per-  . son'of John Dunn, who died at Kamloops hospital on the 21st instant of consumption.    The  deceased was a native of Dumbarton, Scotland,  was 53 years of age, and came to this country in  1862, by sailing vessel around cape Horn. He  went to work in the Cariboo mines with varying  success for 10 years. Then he tried Wild Horse  Creek in East Kootenay for a season. In'1874  he went to Cassiar, and a year later to the gold  iields of Alaska. In 1885 he went to Golden,  where he engaged in packing, and the following  year began packing into the Big Bend country  from Revelstoke. He has been a well-known  character in all the placer* camps in the country  and was highly respected. Although he made  money, he died leaving nothing for his relations  to quarrel over. He had no relatives in this  country, but had hosts of friends. His remains  were interred in the Revelstoke cemetery, a  large number of our- citizens following him to  his last resting-place.  A pack train of 12 to 14 animals and complete outfit. The  animals are sound and in good condition, and all the outfit  in servicahle order. Price $700. Apply to H. F. Keefer,  Columbia & Kootenay grade, Nelson, 13. C.  C. Hamber,  Notary Public,  Nelson.  A. G. Tiiynne,  C. G. Hen siiaw,  Vancouver  Eeal Estate, Mining Brokers,  AND  Insurance Agents.  REAL   ESTATE.  We are now offering some of the best residential lots in  the southern addition to the townsite from $135 up. Good  terms. IVo BCniI������li_g Conditions. These lots are good  value. Good business lots in all parts of the townsite at  reasonable figures. Now is the time to buy. Call and see  our list.  MINES.  Mining claims and mining interests handled advantageously on small margin. Quotations given on all classes of  mining machinery.  Citizens of Canada, fire and accident; Equitable of New  York, life.    Good Companies; dloort Kates.  NELSON 0FPI0E, 105 WEST BAKEE STEEET.  Vancouver OWice, 340 Water Street.  OF THE   KOOTENAY  LAKE   DISTRICT,  And   Others   "Whom   it   May Concern   and   Interest.  During my trip to the cast last winter, I made arrangements with manufacturing firms and others for the establishment of a WIIOLKSALK KIJSINESS in this district.  A consignment of samples���������about 15 or 20 cases���������will be  her'3 about the end of May ; and merchants are requested  for the general good of themselves and the district to defer  placing any further orders till they have seen my samples  and obtained quotations.  ���������. W. Ki!SK, Balfonr, IS. ���������.  The Pioneer Barber Shop,  _____  __]_  s:eci:R.i___]-_T_  PROPRIETOR.  SHAVING,   HAIR   CUTTING,  SHAMPOOING,  all in artistic style and at the usual prices.  Will put in bath-rooms as soon as a suitable building can  be rented.   Shop at present in Edson & Go's restaurant, 13 East Baker street.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  Notice is hereby given that Richard A. Fry and A. C. Fry  have filed the necessary papers, and made application for  a crown grant in favor of the Grizzly Bear mineral claim,  situated at Toad Mountain, West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their  objections to me within 60 davs from the date of this publication. "      G. C. TUNSTALL,  Revelstoke. January 29th, 1891. Gold commissioner.. T  Notice is hereby given that Richard A. Fry and A. C. Fry  have filed the necessary papers and made application for  a crown grant in favor of a mineral claim known as the Silver Queen, situated in the Toad Mountain subdivision,  West Kootenav district.  Adverse claimants, if anv, are requested to forward their  obiections tome within 60 days from the date of this publication. G. C. TUNSTALL,  Revelstoke, January 29th, 1891.        Gold commissioner.  ������'WtV1v*'*_^J  kE������KH?__3  p-___ ii������������������ -iju _.������ j.   .���������i  ,*_      ^^V.'mh'1^  SKII  7$~  "_���������������<  T-i.  ��������� - ���������. let-  i ���������  _   ^ THE   MI_TE������:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,   MAY   2,   1891.  W.  PERDUE.  RDUE  PROPRIETORS OF  . AT. . .  NELSON AND AINS.WOETH.  Will contract, to supply, mining companies and steamboats  with fresh"..meats, and deliver same at any mine or  landing in the Kootenay Lake country.  .  AT  NELSON,  where saddle and pack animals can always be hired, and  ,..";    teams obtained for job teaming.  lVn_A__<_3E_   CONTRACTS -  with  merchants for hauling freight to or from  railroad  depot,and  steamboat wharf.  "'���������'-:-.: NKLSON  OEFICE  AND MARKET,  NO;;II EAST  PROPRIETOR OF THE  _?.io:_sr-_i3__iaR  AND  Ward Ssta'eet,   roar  ^ovcnnnciil   ESuiltfiiig,  NELSON, B. O.  Will undertake any work or contract in which pa.ck animals or teams can be used.    Will furnish  SADDLE AND PACK ANIMALS  to parties who wish to examine mines and claims  in load Mountain district.  WILL GONTEAOT TO OAEEY PASSENGEES !  and baggage to'and from hotels;  also, freight j  to and from steamboat wharves and '���������     j  railway depojts.  'CONTRACT TO''GRADE LOTS  IN  NELSON.  TEBHS    SB������A_B.   -IS   'BEli:.SB.KVI.l>    .FOK  DRUGGIST,  Main Street, Revelstoke, 1-5. C  (Branch store at Donald.) '  DRUGS,. PATENT  MEDICINES, j  and everything usually kept in first-class j  drug stores. |  CIGARS    AT    WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention. !  It_I.\'EK.%_,' (JliAIMS '.:R'ECt������RDEI������'.  AT .: NELSON  DURING MONTH  OF APRIL.  .''Wednesday,'''April Ist.^���������Permission is hereby granted by  gold commissioner G. C. Tiinstall' of an extension of 3  months time' after the expiration of tlie (J months from the  date of the rerecord (October 3rd, 18!)0) wherein to complete  the annual expenditure on the Pony mineral claim situate  o^ Toad mountain on account of the time fordoing said  expenditure work being in the winter and the depth of  snow lying on said claim.  Thursday, April 2nd.���������Rerecord in favor of A. R. Case  and A. J. Becker of the Phoenix mineral claim. Record in <  favor of John Tolson of tho GlcncTy mineralclaim situate  on the south east; slope bf Toad mountain, commencing  about quarter of a mile south west from Cottonwood  Smith creek and running in a southerly direction; formerly the Wanderer.       '  Saturday, April 1th.���������Record in favor.of Herman Wirges  of the Ura mineral claim situate on the ridge at the head  .ofGrivebut creek, about three-quarters of a mile from the  Silver King. '"������������������'.'  Monday, April Oth.���������Rerecord in favor of A. L. Fry and  ."A. D. Copl.eh of the Helene mineral claim.  Wednesday, April 8th.���������Record in favor of IT. M. Keefer  and Ole Lcnfool of the Nita mineral claim, situate about 1  mile west from the town of Nelson and 100 yards south of  the government trail ;��������� formerly tlie Bcllevue. Rerecord in  favor of Thomas Qpllins of the Lizzie C mineral claim.  Thursday April 9th.���������Record in favor of Frederick Sut-.  tor of the Sutter mineral claim situate about half a'mile  above where the wagon  road crosses Giveout creek, and  running thence in an easterly direction.  Saturday, April ,11th.���������Record in favor of Charles Van  Ness of the Dolly mineral claim situate on the cast side of  Giveout creek about half a mile above the wagon road, extending from the east end of the Sutter claim in an easterly direction. Rerecord in favor of John Loge and Michael' Lanclrigan of the Total Wreck.  Monday, April 13th.���������Record in favor of Bruce Craddock.  of the Yorkee Joke mineral claim, situate on Toad mountain and being the cast extension of the Jim Crow. Record  in favor of John Robertson of the Evergreen mineral  claim, situate on Toad mountain, and lying parallel with,  and joining the north side of the Ollie claim, and near the  west end of the Royal Charter. Record in favor of John  Robertson of the Mammoth claim, situate on Toad 'mountain lvingon.the north side of and parallel with the Evergreen and Royal Charter claims. Record in ; favor of  George H. Keefer and George Sheppard of the Mount  Pleasant mineral claim, situate on the north side of the  ���������Kootenay river and being the southeasterly extension of  the U. S: : ������������������ ������������������'��������� :  Tuesday, April 14-th.���������Permission is hereby given by  mining recorder T. H.-Giffm of an extension of 3 months.,  time after the expiration of the 6 months from the date of  record (October loth, 1890)wherein to complete the annual  expenditure on the Democrat claim, situate on Toad mountain on account, of the time for doing said expenditure  Work being in the winter and the depth of snow, on the  ground. "Record in favor of James Anderson, Charles  Cole, and William Gibson of the Little Queen mineral  claim, situate on the north side of the Kootenay river, and  about half a mile from the said river, and running in an  easterly direction from the east end of the Anaconda  claim. Rerecord in favor of Joseph Michaud of the mineral claim Beaver.  Wednesday, April loth.���������Rerecord in favor of George  Hoover of the mineral claim Navajo.   ..  Thursday, April lfith.���������Rerecord-in fa.vor of Martin Griffin, Michael Landrigan, and John Miles of tho mineral  claim Iron Hill. Record in favor of B. IT. Lee of the mineral claim Kent, situate on Mineral mountain, about 3  miles from the town of Nelson and running in a. southeast-  erlv direction from the east end of the Li//Jo C. Record in  fa.von of Nelson Riopellc of the May Pyke claim, situate on  the north side of and about half a. mile from the Kootenay  river, and about half a mile above the railway bridge, and  being the north extension of the Alaska mineral claim and  joining the Eagle Nest.  Friday, April 17th.��������� Record in favor of Croorge Couillard  and Joseph Fcrron of the Wild Indian mineral claim about  o miles east from the town of Nelson, near the head of the  north fork of Cottonwood Smith creek.  Saturday, April 18th.��������� Rerecord in favor of E. Dempsie  of the mineral claim Sunrise.  Monday, April 20th.���������Record in favor of W. IT. Schward-  feger of the I^lack Bear mineral claim on the north side of  the Kootenay river, about one-quarter of a mile below the  first falls above Ward's crossing. Record in fa.vor of Frederick Sutter and Thomas' Gordon of the Eagle-mineral-  ola-ini situate about A miles southeast from the town of  Nelson, on the east', slope ' of Toad mountain, about 100  yards below the line of the wagon road. Record in favor .  of M. 8. Davys of the Wedding Present mineral claim, situate at/the headwaters of Rover crook, and lying parallel  with and joining the Snowwater claim. Record in favor of  William Goepol of the Protector mineral claim, on the  head of Rover creek, and. being the east extension of the  Wedding Present claim.  Wednesday, April 22nd.���������Record in favor of Thomas  Mulvev and John Case of tho Fahwiew claim situate about  one mile west: of Rover crock and about 2h miles from tlie  governmenttra.il. Record in favor of William Graham of  the Dundee mineral claim, situate about 2 miles west of  Eagle creek, and about half a mile south of the government trail. Rerecord in favor of John'J. Becker, Charles  Brown, and James F. Burr of the mineral claim Anaconda.  Rerecord in favor of the Kootenay Bonanza Company of  the Koh-i-noor claim.  Thursday, April 23rd.���������Record in fa.vor of Harry IT.  Ward and John K. Walsh of the Rockfeller mineral claim,  situate about 100 yards from Hover creek and 750 feet  below the government trail.  Saturday, April 25th.���������Record in favor of John Tolson of  tho mineral claim Port Uisker situate about half a mile  south of the Daws & Tolson mill. Record m favor of  William Brokaw of the Hopewell claim, on the north side  of the Kootenav, and about half a mile east of Grohman  creek. Record'in favor of William Hunter of the Dominion claim, about H miles south of Nelson and half a mile  west of the Hall 'trail.  DO NOT USE POOR MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  are for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON  SAWMILL  CO.  Yard:   At end  of Fltsnic in Nelson.  Mill:   Two --Miles  South  of* Nelson.  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL  OF FIRST-GLASS'FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in   any '  part of Nelson.  CORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.    '  T1  'he Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Lumber-good, bad, and indifferent - on  hand or made to order.  ^ 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January loth.  avies-  MANUFACTURERS OF  OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.  PHICZl  LIST  (DKLIVERISD  AT  NELSON,   AINSWOKTI I,   Olt   BALFOUR).  DRESS KI>..  No. 1. flooring, 4 inch, per M    . $32 00  No. 2         "        ({inch,      " .... 27 00  No. 1 ceiling, I inch,       "  32 00  No. 2        "       0 inch,       "  27 00  Rustic,                                  " ���������  27 00  Select clear, I) D,              "        40 00  No.1 common, 1),             "  25 00  "    .     PI),          "  27 00  Bar and counter tops, clear, ]ier foot..  10  HOIK; II.  No. 1 common, per M. ; ������20 00  No. 2        " "  ���������     15 00  Culls, "       ��������� 12 00  Shingles, "             4 50  MOLDINGS.  Bead, panel, crown, base, etc., etc., per foot 2_-@10c  Mills at Pi lot Kay, Kootenay Lake'  Geo. G-. Bushby,   .   .   .   Manager    SJ_ffiJ������rD  __ 8  THE  MltfER:    _TELSO_T,   B.   0.,  SATUEDAY,   MAY  2,   1891.  Main Street,  REVELSTOKE  Eailroad Avenue,  SPEOAT.  ^VJSHIOIj^JS-A.I-.-I]  _____rsr_3  __^_hi_?_a_3:x.  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  Oor. Vernon  ine Streets,  SMALL    NIJC������'ETS OF    NEWS.  A map, showing the position of the mineral claims in  Trail Creek district, has been issued by E. S. Topping, the  chief boomer of that district.  Among the arrivals on Tuesday were R. A. Kinipton, J.  H. Matheson, John McGinty, G. C. Hunt, N. Sicotte, R.  Sutherland, and James McQuaig of Donald. With the exception of messrs. Kimpton and Hunt, they will take up  their residence at Nelson, and will no doubt in time be as  prominent citizen's here as they were at the most free and  easy town in the mountains.  From the night that, it housed the first political meeting  ever held in Nelson to the present time the office'-.of The  Miner has been a sort of "Castle Garden" for immigrants.  First it sheltered a grocery man with teas from Japan,  then a spot cash mine buyer from Vancouver, and now two  "Jews" with jewelry from Jerusalem make it their headquarters. Even though so inflicted, tlie office woodshed  will be set apart for t'iie uses of a White laundry should a  laundryman immigrant put in an appearance.  The only exeitement at Ainsworth during the week,was a  50-yard foot-race between Andy Whalen and Adam McKay. Whalen won. It is not stated whether the course  was an up-hill or a down-hill one.  At 7:30 A.-'M. on Tuesday, April 28th, there was received  at Balfour, 20 miles from Nelson, mail matter postmarked  "London, England, April 11th," and at 4:30 P. M. of the  same day mail matter postmarked "Victoria, B. C, April  16th." Comment is unnecessary, as it might offend post-  office inspector Fletcher. ,  The trail between Balfour and Ainsworth is being repaired at the sole expense of the owner of the Balfour  townsite.  Men who follow gambling for a livelihood are of no benefit to a community. They do nothing to help develop the  resources of a country, and they, like the Cbinese,-should  be given the run.  By the number of 4-acc hands reported as held in poker  games this week, Nelson has either a good-sized crop of  suckers or a large number of short-card sharps; both, perhaps. The country needs the suckers, but it can get along  without the sharps, and the sooner they are asked to move  along the better.  New Businesses Started: Hunt & Dover, jewelers and  watch repairers, have opened a store at Nelson. They are  business men from the main line of the C. P. R., and it is  their intention to carry full lines of jewelry and silverware. Until Hie Houston & Ink building on Josephine  street is completed, they can be found at The Miner  office. Odell & Squire, merchant tailors, received their  goods on Monday. They carry a good line of suitings, and  already have taken a number of orders. They will also  occupy a store in the Houston & Ink building. For the  present they are located in the second story of ii. E. Lemon's store.  Gold commissioner Tiinstall has been instructed to call  for fenders for the building of the Nelson and Toad mountain wagon road. The road will be completed sometime  this year, as no responsible contractor can base a tender for  work when such work is covered with 4 feet of snow.  Married at Nelson, on Wednesday, the 29th instant, by  rev. mr. Turner, George H. Woods to miss Mary McDer-  mitt. In the evening they were given a reception by mrs.  Ed Corning, which was attended by a number of Nelson's  society people. ..-���������'������������������  R. E. Lemon will add a stove and tinware department to  his business. He lias an experienced tinsmith on the way  in from Spokane.  Complaint is made that hotelkeepers arc polluting the  water in Ward creek with garbage. Until waterworks are  built, it would be well to keep the water in Ward creek as  free as possible from tilth. By the expenditure of the  nioncv received from the sale of 8 drinks of "red-eye," I he  hotelkeepers could get their garbage hauled to a dumping  ground beyond the limits of the town.  Personals:   Dr. Hendryx, steamboat and mine manager,  came in on the Galena on Tuesday.    He reports 50 men at  work on  the wagon road between Kootenay station and  Bonner's Ferry.  "A. L. Davenport, William Alperson, and  W. W. Sprague were among the mine-owners that showed  up'in Nelson   this week.    Mr.   Davenport is getting  the  Poorman mill and mine in shape; mr. Alperson is looking  after his Hot Springs interests; and mr. Sprague will see  to it that the Tenderfoot is on the list of ore producers this  year      W".  C. McLean  and John Lane   came over from  Sproat to hunt up enough ground on which to build stables  for their teams, now that they have finished up the rail  way grade between Sproat and Robson. A, H. Kelly, formerly owner of the Dandy, arrived from Spokane on Wednesday, coming in by way of Little Dalles. John T. Fee,  the best-known traveling man in the province, took a look  at the lake metropolis the fore part of the week. Before  leaving he paid $38.33^- cents a foot for a few feet of Nelson  real estate. Mr. Fee represents C. Strouss & Co., wholesale dry goods, Victoria. W. R. Will returned this week  from a 6-month trip to his old home at Corinth,' Ontario.  F. G. Christie, agent of the Columbia & Kootenay Steam  Navigation Company at lievelstoke, paid Nelson a first  visit this week. He says the company of which he is agent  will do everything within reason to give the people of the  lake country good steamboat service. Sam McCaskill who  with John Lodge discovered the Hall Creek placers last  fall, returned to Nelson on Friday. He believes the creek  is pay ground. M. S. Davys and bride arrived from the  coast on Tuesday, coming by way of Revelstoke.  George C. Hunt  J. Dover  Josephine Street,  Nelson, B.C.  Manufacturing Jewelers  for the Trade.  SILVERWARE  DEALERS IN   i  JEWELRY  DIAM0NDS,ete.  D  ALL  FINE  WATCHES  Carefully   I������epaire<l   ami   Satisfaction   Guaranteed.  Nelson Store, for the Present, in "Miner" Building.  Branch Store at Donald,. B. C.  Tenders for Telephone Poles.  Tenders for the erection of poles for the lines of the Kootenay Lake Telephone Company will be received at the  office of the company in Nelson up till noon of Monday, May  18th, 1891. Information as to number, size, and qualify of  poles, etc., can be had on application to the undersigned.  ^ JOHN HOUSTON.  President Kootenay Lake Telephone  Nelson, B. C, May 2nd, 1891. Company. Limited.  of. .  A sumptuous free  Come one, come all!  lunch   will  be served at 9 o'clock.  EDSON...& SINDAR.  HOUSTO  ~W"II_.__,    SELL  2 50-foot lots on West Baker street for $1750 each; half  cash, balance in 6 and 12 months at 8 per cent.  1 50-foot lot. on West Vernon street for $1250; half cash,  balance in 6 and 12 months at 8 per cent.  1 30-foot lot on West Baker street for $1050; half cash,  balance in 6 and 12 months at 8 per cent.  7 25-foot building condition lots in block 13 for .1400 each :  ������320 cash, balance on October loth.  1 25-foot building condition lot in block. 15 for $275; ������195  cash, balance on October 15th.  1 50-foot lot on East Vernon street for .$2000.  2 25-foot building condition lots in block 14 (a corner) for  $1000; $800 cash, balance on October 15th.  2 25-foot building condition lots in block 16 (a corner) for.  $800; $550 cash, balance on October 15th.  1 50-foot lot on West Vernon street for $1800; $1175 cash,  balance in 0 and 12 months at 8 per cent.  2 25-foot building condition lots in block 5 at $700; $450  cash, balance on October 12th.  The most eligible corner lot in Ainsworth for $1200; $800  cash, balance in 4 months.  Prospectus of the Kootenay Lake  Telephone Company, Limited.  The Kootenay Lake Telephone Company, Limited, a  chartered corporation, will erect a main telephone line  from Nelson to Ainsworth. via Buchanan's sawmill and  Balfour, and branch lines from Nelson to the mines on  Toad mountain and from Ainsworth to the mines in Hot  Springs district, with central exchanges at Nelson and  Ainsworth. The capital stock of the company is divided  into 5000 shares of a par value of $10 each. Of these, 250  paid up shares have been apportioned to the promoters of  the company for defraying the expenses incident to the  procurement of the charter, which leaves 4750 shares to  erect the company's line. The estimated cost of the proposed lines is $7000. To raise that amount 2500 shares arc  now offered subscribers, subscription books to be opened  at Nelson and at Victoria, and payment to be made as follows: $1 per-share on subscription : $1 per share on June  15th, 1891, and 50 cents pev share on July 15th, 7891. If more  shares are subscribed for than placed on the market, then  the shares shall be allotted pro rata. The subscription  books of the company are now open at the office of Houston, Ink & Allan, Nelson, and at the office of Bod well &  Irving, Victoria. JOHN HOUSTON (president),  Ti. E. LEMON (vice-president),  J. E. WALSH (secretary),  CHARLES H. INK,  Nelson, R C, April 29th. Provisional directors.  ^  _.���������*������  I  'nw:vv..:>''.  vmstmmiiBmmMmmmiss  BmMM^^  jflMB!!BJ|_l_!fl_)MJ^


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