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The Miner Nov 1, 1890

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 M_A_ii*<_  ^        Only Fapcr  ��������� Printed trii'-tlie  Ivool eiiay "liSilce Miu������  ills Districts'.  ������������������ .For. fixates '  of Subscription ami  Advertising  Sec  Fourth ��������� Pajjjc'  NUMBER 20.  NELSON,  BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  NOVEMBEE   1,   1890.  ���������'$_ .'.;__' YEAE.  MIXING    NEWS    OF . THE    WKEK ;.. SB^I.IIEB*    UP  Now that snow covers- the mountains, making  it impossible tor the prospector  to  follow   his  calling with   any degree of  comfort  or profit,  many who follow -that pursuit are coming in in  search of employment for the winter.     Neither  the camp at Ainsworth nor the,one at Nelson  has reached the stage of de velopment requiring  a large number of men  to carry on the work.  Less than 100 men are now employed at mining  in the 2 camps, and the number is not likely to  be increased   chiring the winter.     Prospectors  who are practical miners, therefore, stand but a  poor -show  of obtaining employment atc-their  trade in the lake country. While they can put  in the winter as. cheaply in-'either Ainsworth or  Kelson, as far as actual living expenses go, as in  any of the towns in mining districts in Montana  or Idaho, but few of them have-the", mean's to do  so. They are men who work in the winter to  earn money to defray their expenses while prospecting in the sunnher.  In  Toad   Mountain  district everything, in  a  measure, depended on the Hall mines.    It was  hoped that they would give employment to at  least a. hundred miners during the winter.    But  these hope's, will not be realized.    This setback is  due entirely to a gang of ringsters at Victoria  jumping the property���������a gang who do all their  prospecting for mineral in the offices of mining  recorders.    While their chances are slim for obtaining possession of the Silver Ring and I_oot-  enay Bonanza, their dirty work has prevented  the  original locators and  owuers  of the mine  from taking any-progressive-, steps-toward the  development of the property.   ' At present three  shifts are at work oh  the  Silver* King tunnel,  which is in nearly 300 feet.    About 150 feet is  still to be run, and the work, is progressing at  the rate of 12 to 13 feet a week.    On the Dandy,  a. shaft is being sunk; but water is said to interfere with the work.    On Eagle and 49 creeks,  some little  work is being done  by .owners.'of  claims.    A 2-ton sample shipment of  ore from  the "Whitewater, a Rover creek claim, was made  to the Revelstoke smelter during the week.   The  owners expect to make a European trip on the  returns. *  In Hot Springs district, the arrival of machinery for the Krao and the Skyline has given  miners and the owners of claims renewed hopes  ..that something tangible-.will be done this winter.  The machinery for the Krao has already been  hauled up to the^groimd, but that for the Skyline awaits the Arrival, of ,Toe Wilson's pack  "train. The train willbe brought over from Nelson during the coming week, and will not only  pack the Skyline machinery and other supplies  up to the mine, but pack down 1200 sacks of ore  for shipment to Montana. At the United, preparations are being made for placing in position  the hoist . and pump purchased from S. H.  Northey. The owners of the Arkansaw and the  United are applying for crown grants.  Two carloads of ore from the Blue Bell were  recently sold hvdr.-I-Jendrvx, the manager of  that/properly, at the rate of $5.90 a hundred for  tlie lead it contained. The ore wa.s shipped out  .when lead was ruling low���������about $3.50. Patience  is sometimes rewarded with something more  solid than intangible promises.  Another good strike is reported from Goat  River district, "Sandy" Divine and partners be-  in ������������; the luekv parties. The ledffe is said to have  over 20 inches of solid mineral.  The   FJlicae.v  of Prayer.  A pretty good story is told by a man who  spent the summer of 1889 on the top of a mountain not many miles to the south of Nelson.  The summer was noted for1 no one thing more  than the number and extent of the forest fires  raging in June and July. Valuable mining  property was threatened on the top of the  mountain, and an employe who had been on the  pay-roll just long enough to get one square meal  was put. on'the-night shift to fight the fire.    He  was an Irishman and reputed a good miner, but  did  not  know anything  about fighting forest  fires and naturally asked his employer liow he  should go ahout the work.    The employer -.replied ���������..-���������rather  curtly:    "Blank   it,   pray   to   the  Almighty  for rain!"    The  Irishman, who had  probably   uttered   a   million   oaths   for   every  prayer,   simply   said:      "All    right!"      Before  morning a slight shower fell.    At breakfast the  employer   good-naturedly   remarked:      "Well,  John, your prayers had a good :eft'ecf;: repeat  them   again   tonight."     The  Irishman  simply  said:    "All right!"    That night a rain-stdrin set  1 in which lasted several hoars, and "at breakfast  the employer was more than pleasant because  of his property being beyond all  danger.    He  joked the Irishman on the efficacy''.of- prayer,  and got for a reply:    "It has ".always been my  blanked luck to work myself out of a soft job."  The Irishman was given a job that lasted long  enough for him to earn sufficient to buy every  saloonkeeper in Nelson a dozen   white "biled"  shirts each.  Slioultfi. ,l>e Compelled-to  I*ay Their Share.  In -.every.'mining: camp"'there  are  iijeirwho  dance, but who Will not pay .their share of the  expenses.    There are co-owners in claims who'  will neither do their share of the assessment  work nor pay their share of its cost after' it is  done. These men thrive and grow fat on the  creduilty of their acquaintances. Of course,  when a business man of that class is found in a,  community, he suffers by loss of trade m ore than  double the amount he would be asked to contribute' toward furnishing "music" for the public  good; but there is noway under the law, except  by beginning a civil suit, to compel a mean,  penurious co-owner in a claim to do his share of  the assessment work. This should be remedied  at the next session of the legislative assembly  by enacting the following as a section of the  "Mineral Act:"  Upon failure of any one of several co-owners in a minora]  claim to contribute his proportion of the expenditures necessary to hold the claim so held in ownership in common,  the co-owner or co-owners who have performed the labor  required by the "Mineral Act" may, at the expiration of  the first six months of any year of holding-, give such delinquent co-owner personal notice in writing, or notice by  publication in the newspaper published nearest the claim,  for at least once a week for thirty days; and if upon the  expiration of sixty days after such notice in writing, or  upon the expiration of sixty clays after the last newspaper  publication of such notice, the delinquent co-owner shall  have failed to contribute his proportion to meet such expenditure, his interest in the claim by law passes to his  co-owner or co-owners who have made the expenditures as  aforesaid. . '_ ...  Xot Yet ifceiiiiitely Knovrri.  Nothing is definitely known at Nelson as  to  whether the grade  will  be  completed  to the  town this winter or stopped at the 2-Jy-mile point.  H. F. Keefer,-who has the contract, is now in  Vancouver, and the matter will be definitely  settled before he returns. It is understood the  company is urging him to complete tlie work  this winter; but he cannot see it that way, He  claims that he made the necessary preparations  to do the work this summer and fall, but that  the work was not laid out for' him. Now,'that  the winter is here, with its short days aud  attendant bad weather, he cannot do the work'  at the same price for which lie could have done  it during the long days and good weather of  summer and fall. His men are now strung out  from the 2A-mile point to tlie crossing. In"fact,  but few of his men remain on the -north side of  the river. McGillivray has 10 men at work at  Sproat framing the trusses of the Kootenay  bridge''and about 30 men at the bridge site.  Some 3000 lineal feet of square timber for cribbing has been rafted down the river, and 9000  feet more are to follow. The end of the track is  about 11 miles from Nelson.  Lea<l  Advancing.  Silver Ifrccliniiig-  It is rumored that silver has dropped to $1.03  an ounce, but that lead has an upward tendency,  being quoted as high as $6 a hundred.  WILL   XOT ���������   LACK ���������''TirtSSPORTA-TflOX    FACILITIES';'  The Kootenay Lake country will not be lacking in transportation facilities next season if but  half the projected schemes are carried oat. The  CanadianPacific  will   have a  route  into   the  ��������� country'by means of the Columbia & Kootenay  branch and the steamers Kootenav and Lytton.  The Spokane Falls <fc Northern; even if it is not  built through to Nelson, will connect with the  Coin m bia  &  Kop ten ay rail way at  Sproat: by  '"means of the steamers of the Colum bia & Kopt-  enay Steam Navigation Company, and, perhaps  by its own steamers.'   The Northern Pacific lias  located a branch from its main line at Kootenay  station, Idaho, to a point on Kootenay river below   Bonner's  Ferry, arid will  reach  the  lake  country by means of thed)oats already on the  lake and others now  building or in cOntempla-  tion.    The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company, of which J. A. Mara is manager, is building a steamer with a deck capacity  of 125 tons, ata. point a mile below Nelson. This  steamer will be modern, not Hudson Bayan, in  its  model and appointments.    The work  is in  charge of mr. Stevenson, reputed the best boat  builder in Portland, Oregon.    It .will be ready  for launching as soon as ice is out of the river in  the spring.    The owner's.of the Galena,'.-who are  pioneers  on   the  lake, now  that   the  traffic is  ''worth something, are reported as being unwilling to be run off by the Mara line.    While the  Galena is a staunch craft, it is not suitable for  handling alarge amount of business, and a new  steamer will be built to take its place.   The new  boat will be of steel, and be a "Joe Dandy."    In  any  event,   little  ore   will   be sent   out   of  the  country, as 2 smelter propositions are now being  gotton   into shape, and   both are   likely to  materalize.    The bulk of next year's trafriewi.ll  consist of mining machinery and mine supplies,  merchandise, and passengers.    The ore shipped,  except that from the Hall mines, will go to the  smelter at Revelstoke.  A   Californian   Carries   Away. Cloid   hy   the   Canfnl.  "While quartz mining can be carried on as  well in winter as in summer, owing to the work  being all under ground, tlie first approach of  winter causes the placer or hydraulic miner to  suspend operations. The "hydraulic company on  49 creek closed down on Saturday last. The result of their operations was such as . to prove"  thai; the ground is good���������so good that it will  yield large returns when properly opened up.  Work will be resumed -early in the spring. D.  B..Huntley, one of, the owners, left by the Galena on Tuesday for his home in California, taking with him 2 yeast-powder cansfull of fine  coarse gold���������gold worth fully $18 an ounce.  Next year the output of the placer claims on 49  creek will equal that of all other creeks in East  and West Kootenav combined.  'Slaking  Progress  on   the   Btcclamation   Scheme.  Tlie excavation' work-at the rapids, below Nelson is making good headway. Scions & Hew is,  the-contractors, have  removed 2110 vards   and  sub-contractor J. E. 'Walsh 72.1. The former  ha.vf1 27 men employed and the latter 0. .This' is  the work 1 hat the Kootenay Syndicate, Limited,  hopes will aid in reclaiming tlie overflowed  lands lying between the boundary, line and the  south end of Kootenay lake.  fiSonding Trail Creelc  Mines.  G.   C. Tunstall, gold   commissioner  of  West  Kootenay district, is   at Nelson, having visited  Trail Creek on the way in. He reports that new  camp as a promising one, and that E. S. Topping'had bonded, or was about to bond, the Le  Roi claim for a sum up in the thousands. Mr.  Tunstall will remain in the lake country for a  couple of weeks.  m  Iff? .OX  f_2K"' THE  MDTEE:    NELSON,   B;  0.,   SATUEDAY,  NOVEMBEE  1,   1890.  G-oods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect, Claim, or Mine in the  Hot  Springs Mining District.  RS' SUPPLIES,  TAPLE GROG  RON AND STEEL,  BUILDERS' HARDWARE,  Drugs and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth.  AINSWOETH, B.C., and REVELSTOKE, B. 0,  IS'.'JlE-REeOKIHSG  A MIxVERAR CLAIM NGCKSSA'I-Y?  IP NECESSARY,  WHEN  CAN  IT  BE  DONE?  The Mineral Act of: British Columbia is difficult of construction. Several of its sections are  so 'worded that mining recorders and gold commissioners, even, are unable to agree as to the  intent.    A case in point:   Section 85 reads���������  Any free miner having lawfully acquired a mineral claim  shall be entitled to hold the same for a period of one year  from the date of his record, if he shall within the first. 6  months from such record expend upon the claim itself, or  in connection with its development, money or labor to the  amount or value of $100; and shall also within such 6  ���������months obtain from sucl! gold commissioner or mining- recorder a certificate of such expenditure, and record the  same with such gold commissioner or mining recorder.  And so, from year to year, the holder of a mineral claim  shall be entitled to hold the same for one year from the expiration of his previous year of holding, if he .shall within  the first 6 months of each new year expend money or labor  upon the claim, or in connection with its development, to  the amount or value of $100, and shall within such 6 months  have obtained a certificate of such expenditure, and have  recorded the same with the gold commissioner or mining  recorder.,,  There is not a word in the above about rerecording claims annually, a question that is being discussed now that the winter months are at  hand, which often makes it impossible for claim-  owners to appear in person to re-record claims.  This section plainly states that the holder of  A MINERAL CLAIM SHALL BE ENTITLED TO HOLD  THE SAME FOR ONE YEAR FROM THE EXPIRATION OF HIS PREVIOUS YEAR OF HOLDING, IF  HE SHALL WITHIN THE FIRST 6 MONTHS OF  EACH NEW YEAR EXPEND MONEY OR LABOR  UPON THE CLAIM, OR IN CONNECTION WITH ITS  DEVELOPMENT,   TO   THE  AMOUNT  OR VALUE   OF  $100. All that is required is the expenditure of  $100 within the first 6 months of each new year.  And it is an open question if it was--ever .intended that the owner of a mineral claim should  re-record, his claim annually. The sections of  the law which are applicable to mineral claims  were taken from the United States law, and rerecording is not required under any of its provisions.  The trouble in British Columbia is that sections applicable to mineral claims are so intermixed with sections that apply only to placer  claims, that it is difficult for officials to determine which sections are applicable to both  classes of mining. The f ram ers of the old Gold  Milling Act intended that miners taking up  placer claims should work them, not hold them  for speculation. They required that they be  worked continuously, except during the closed  season; and not being real estate, as no provision was made for procuring a crown grant  for tliem. they must of necessity be re-recorded  annually. Even today there is no law by which  a crown grant can be obtained for a placer claim.  It is not so with mineral claims. Crown  grants can be obtained for them in 2 ways: one,  by purchase of the ground outright immediately after locating it; the other-, at any time  after $500 have been expended in work and improvements. They, then, must necessarily be  looked upon as real estate, as much so as a preemption or a town lot, or any other land for  which a crown grant is issued by -the..province.  Section 45 is a section part of which lias been  declared inapplicable no mineral claims. The  section reads:  45. Every free miner or company of free miners may record his or their claim or set of claims in one record on  pajnuent of $2.50; and every "leave of absence" may contain all'the interests exempted from representation. $2.50  shall be charged for such "leave of absence" or for any  bill of sale or other document or matter recorded.  The above is one of the old Gold Mining Act  sections, as is the one following it, which reads:  46. All claims, not being real estate, must be re-recorded  annually ; but any free miner may record his claim for a  period of 2 or more years upon payment of $2.50 for each  year included in such record. ;  ������        ���������'-  ' ���������   : ' ��������� ���������������������������]'.  It being a question affecting the revenue of  the province, mining recorders and gold comix) ission ers have invariably ruled that it was as  necessary to re-record a mineral claim as a  placer claim, for they make it a point to overlook no fee that can be squeezed out of a claim-  owner. But when it comes to deciding the  point, "When shall the re-record be made?"  they are as badly muddled as the average claim-  owner.    Here is the question at issue :  John Brown located a mineral claim on January 28th,  1890, and did the $100 worth of work during the first 0  months, which ended on July 28th, for which he was issued  the usual'certificate. This gave him title to the ground  until January 28th, 1891. Mr. Brown, having other interests in a neighboring province, found that he would be unable to appear on January 2Sth to re-record the claim, and  presented himself on, October 23rd. The mining recorder  told him that he (the mining recorder) would not take the  responsibility of re-recording the claim on January 28th, as  he would be likely to forget it, having a large number of  other such orders to attend to. What must the claim-owner  do ? He cannot present himself at the recorder's office on  January 28th without great inconvenience and loss, and the  mining recorder refused to take the responsibility of making the re-record on that day, even when the: fee was  tendered.  There is only one sensible way to construe the  law, if section 46 is applicable to mineral claims,  that is, allow the claim-owner's re-record to go  on record at any time between the issuance of  the 'certificate that assessment work has been  done and the expiration of the year of holding.  If John Brown's assessment work was done and  the certificate issued on July 28th, allow him to  make his re-record any time between July 28th  and January 28th. By doing this, the government would lose no revenue, and mr. Brown  would not be compelled to make a mid-winter  trip to an inaccessible mining district simply  to make a re-record of a mineral claim.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  ES   SVScDOSMALD   &  CO.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from $6.50 to $500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  N STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  irkup  ".l_KVKI<STOKi!rJB.uC.<  STOVES AND TINWARE,  GRANITEWARE AND LAMP  GOODS.  Tin, Copper, and Sheet-Iron Ware Made to Order.  First-class work guaranted.   Particular attentionfpaid  to. mail orders from mining camps.  _  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DRUGS,   PATENT  MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  CIGARS    AT   WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  Uj  "Mcmbc]' of Society of��������� Chemical Industry;'  Author of "Practical Organic Analysis," of  "The Broil Orr.s ��������� of the World," Etc.,- Etc.-  Expert   in   the . *'551 uc.hird"   Mining   Suit.  EXPERT   AND   GHEfVIIST  ..$1 50  .. 2 50  .. 2 00  ..2 00  . . 3 00  .. 4 00  .. 2 00  .. 3 50  Inter-  NELSON,   B.  C.  REVISED   ASSAY   CHARGES.  Silver, Gold or Lead  ���������  Copper , ...'   Silver and Lead.  ��������� ,  Silver, Gold and Lead  .... ���������  Silver and Copper..  ......   Silver,- Gold and Copper ..:...   Silver and Gold   Three samples for Silver or for Lead   Mineral  properties managed and reported upon.  ests of non-residents attended to.  ���������        Jl_^ JL,   W VI. W J- -ft. -S. SS ^    V J,   ������ __     J.JL9  (Late partner of John McVicker's, Salt Lake City)  Mining Engineer, and Provincial and U. S. Surveyor.  AGENT  FOR   HAND'S   FIREWORKS.  Masonic Temple Block, Vancouver, B. C.  Silver, Lead, or Gold. . .������2 00  Zinc or Arsenic. 5 00  RATES  FOR ASSAYING.  Copper,SilverandGold.$2 50  Silver or Gold bullion.. 3 00  Silver and Lead or Silver and Gold.     2 00  Iron, Lime, Silica or Manganese     5 00  Sealed sample for Lead, Silver and Gold 4 00  Sealed sample for Copper, Silver and Gold.     5 00  Lead bullion, for Silver and Gold     2 00  Assays from Kootenay district -promptly attended to.  Makes reports on and surveys and maps of mines. Thirty-  years experience ; speaks 10 languages.   Terms, cash.  txm ! ,  THE  MOTEE:    tfELSOK  B.   C.,   SATUEDAY,  NOVEMBEK 1,  1890.  There will be at least 2 towns of importance  in the  mining districts adjacent to Kootenay  lake, although others may be built up as the re-  s9urc.es of the country become developed.   In the  the district known as Toad Mountain, EELSON  is at present the only town. : The site is owned  by the. Province and by the Canadian Pacific, and  is.situated at the head of navigation on the outlet or west arm of Kootenay lake.   rJELSCN"  will be the eastern, terminus of the Columbia &  ������������������ Kootenay branch of the Canadian Pacific.   When  that branch is completed to a connectiomwith the  mainlline at -Calgary on the east,. and through to  Hope on the west, _TELSOE" will, be the chief  division point.   At present' it is the main commercial town in the Kootenay Lake country, and  every effort will be made by its people and its  owners to maintain that lead.   In Hot Springs  district, where over 300 mineral locations have  been made, several of which are already developed  past the prospect stage, AMSYvrOETII is the  only town to which they .are all directly tributary, its site being less than 6 miles distant from  any and but 3 from most of them,;   The townsite  is owned by George J. Ainsworth, a California  capitalist, who will make every endeavor to improve it., Already, general, merchandise stores,  hotels, and other businesses are established, and  the future of the town is assured.   Business; and.  residence lots in both Ainsworth and kelson for  sale by HOUSTOrT,  INK & ALLAN, Nelson.  Application for Water Eight.  Notice is hereby given, that I intend making application  to the assistant commissioner of lands and works for West  Kootenay district, under the water sections of the "Land  Act," for authority to divert two hundred and fifty-inches  of water from East Fork of Cottonwood Smith creek, the  water to be taken from said creek above a small fall which  is near the "Fairview" and "Airlie" mineral claims, and  distant about four miles in a southeasterly direction from  the south-line of the Nelson townsite reserve, West  Kootenay district; the water to be conveyed in pipes or in  a flume or'ditch along the western slope of the mountain  to a point, at or near the town of Nelson, where it can be  utilized for running reduction works, electric-light; works,  and for furnishing power for manufacturing purposes and  water for household purposes and uses ; and more particularly for running a concentrator for working ores from the  "Umatilla-Unclc Sam" and "Lizzie C" groups of mines, in  which I am an owner. The right to" be for a .period of  ninety-nine years.  Dated at Nelson, B. C, the 21st dav of October, 1890.  THOMAS C. COLLINS.  Application for Water Eight  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take one thousand inches of water from Cottonwood  Smith creek, near Nelson, in West Kootenay district;  commencing at a point where the said Cotton w'ood Smith  creek first enters my preemption, or at any point where it-  flows through or at its exit, from my preemption or thereabouts, to be conveyed through the lands reserved by the  government and my preemption, to any portion of the\said  town of Nelson where water will be required for milling:,  manufacturing, and household purposes for a term of  ninety-nine years. J. I). TOWNLEV.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1800.  a span of MATCHED CHESNUT HORSES; 8 years  old; weight, about 1200 pounds each. Warranted sound  and good to  work.    Will also sell harness and wagon.  WHITEHEAD & McLEAN.  Slocan, B. O.,.October 13th.  A    SI ATM EM A TBCAJL   -FJKO'ISLEM.  Through Nelson flows a. small creek.    One so  small   that   early   prospectors,   for  placer,   like  ''Cottonwood"    Smith,    did    not   "consider,   it  worthy of a name, but named "Ward" by the  latter-day quartz prospectors,-in honor of J. F.  Ward, Nelson's pioneer hotelkeeper.    Today its  water is used for domestic purposes by half the  people of Nelson.    Wbcther it would be fit for  such uses should the town grow to be a place'of  real importance is'questionable, for, the  banks  being steep, the creek's bed is even iiow becoming a catch-basin for kitchen refuse arid a sort  of open -sewer for seppage from pr ivies.    Should  Nelson grow, the gully through which the creek ������������������,  runs will be filled up in time, as it is in the middle of one of the most central cross-streets of  the town.    If diverted from the present creek,  the water would, no doubt, be of great value for  irrigati ng   the   25 x 120 - foot farin s   wh ich   t h e  "Hoover" preemption is how being divided into  by its present owner, J. I). Townley of Vancouver...'.   By   measurement,  less than   20   inches  of    water    can    be    taken     from     the    creek  at     this     season     of     the     year,"   and    not  more ,   than    double    that    amount    in    midsummer,     and    where    J.     I).     Townley     of  Vancouver and H. Abbott, also of Vancouver,  expect to get 300 inches each is a 'mathematical  problem they alone can solve.    That they each  want   that   amount  of   water  from   the  little  creek let is a certainty, or they would not go to  the expense-of publishing the following notices  in the October 23rd issue of the Gazette, British  Columbia's "..official   record   of   legal  advertisements:  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given of, my intention to apply to the  chief commissioner of lands'and'works .for authority to  take 300 inches of water from Ward creek, to be taken  commencing at its source, and extending in a northwesterly direction to a poin ton said Ward creek between  its source and where said,creek enters my preemption lot  No. 150, group one, West .Kootenay, to be conveyed through  and over my said preemption and adjoining properties to  the town of Nelson, and to be used for irrigation purposes  or as a water supply for said town of Nelson.  _____ J. D. TOWNLEY.  \ NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given of my intention to apply to the  chief commissioner of lands and works for authority to  take 300 inches of water from Ward creek, commencing at  the point at or near the south boundary of the government  reserve at Nelson, to be conveyed through the said reserve  to the portion of it reserved for railway purposes, and to  be used for railway, agricultural and household purposes. .        H.ABBOTT.  Trial  \\y '.Jury  in Ireland a Mode cry.  The landlords of Ireland on the evecof an impending famine are evicting their tenants at a  rapid rate.    They are bent on clearing out the  Celtic  farmers, and putting Ulster and Scotch  tenants in their place.    For hundreds of years  the policy of the landlord government has been  to exterminate the native I#ish.    The object of  the landlord syndicate, of which Smith-Barry is  the president, is to coerce the tenants to'pay exorbitant rents, and in case of refusal or inability  to  pay the  rents,   the   tenants  are  ruthlessly  driven from their homes.   The landlord combination designed  for the eviction and extermination of the people is legal in the eyes of the government, but the tenant combination, organized  under  the plan  of campaign,  is  a  conspiracy.  Balfour  once  said in the house   of parliament  .that tenants had  as. much  right to organize for  their own'protection  as landlords had.    Dillon  and O'Brien took him  at his word, and are now  fugitives  on  a charge of conspiracy for tell ing-  the farmers to do what Balfour said" they had a  legal right to do.    And what'a travesty on law  and justice was  the attempted  trial of  these 2  men!    Why  not  summarily  put such men   in  iro7is and dispense with this farce of a trial now-  going on  in  Tipperary before Balfour's'hencii-  .men?    Trial by jury in Ireland was said by lord  Den man   to   be  a  mockery, a  delusion, and  a  snare;     trial    by   removable   magistrates   ap-  removable ina.-gistrat.es  pointed by Balfour is a great'deal worse.  If the landlord party can succeed in their policy  ���������of extermination of the Celtic Irish ry, and  place foreigners on the vacated farms, of what  use would home rule be then ?  Ail.. IFiiiiiiiitcrf.  8������i>i>S.y Xear  ftctson.  The United States secretary'of the navy is  looking around for a $1,000,000 worth of nickel.  He wants to use it for making armor plating for  the new war ships being built under his supervision. He can get the whole amount by simply,  purchasing Atherton & Garrity's nickel mine,  which is located a few miles west of Nelson.  0  r  es:  in  vestment, ! Beautifully  and centrally located at  the head of the west arm  unsurpassed for fishing, boating, and hunting! All  steamboats to and from  "Ne 1 s on* and Boiln e r's  Ferry call there! Lots  50x120; streets 60 feet  wide!   Prices, $25 and  30; terms, to suit purchasers ! Lots selling  like  hot   cake&!    Buy  artyI Maps and further  ticulars from H. Anson, AinsYfor  Selous, Nelson; or G. W.  Busk, on the ground.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  For MINERAL  CT-AIMS. require to be publisluicl nine weeks in a newspaper other than the British Columbia Oazotte: their publication in Tim  MlNHRwill cost the applicant FIFTV-FIV'F. CliNTS a line.  Notice is. hereby-given, that Dim can Gilchrist, Charles  Rossi tor,, and Frank Leslie Fitch, have'filed'the necessary  papers and made application for a crown grant in favor of  a mineral'.claim known as the "Union," situated in the  Hot Springs sub-division, Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notilied to forward their  objections to.me within sixty davs from, date of publication. G. C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Revelstoke, October 8th/1SD0.  Notice is hereby given that A. L. Davenport and Charles'  Hussoy Ikia'c filed the necessary papers and made application for a crown grant in fa-vor of a mineral claim known  as the Poorman, situated on Eagle creek, West Kootenay  district. - ' -  Adverse claimants, if .any, are notilied to file their objections with me'within 00 davs from date of publication. '  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, September 2-fl.h, 1800.  Notice is hereby given that A. D. Wheeler, in behalf of  ���������himself and partners,-lias' filed  the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim, known as the Ayesha, situated at the Mot Springs,  Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to send their  objections to me within sixty days from'date of publication. G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, September 1st, 18U0.  Notice is hereby given that the Revelstoke Mining Company has filed the necessary papers' and made application  for a crown grant in favor of the mineral-claim known as  the United, situated in the Hot Springs camp, Kootenay  lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward'their objections  to me within 50 davs from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government a^ent,.  Revelstoke, October 23rd, 1.890.  Notice is hereby given that James M. ���������Buckley, Ivlward  J. Roberts, and 'William H. Jackson have tiled the necessary papers and made application'-for a, crown grant in  favor of a mineral claim known as the Arkansas, situated  in the Mot Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to forward their  objections tome within GO'days .from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, October 23rd, 1890.  ���������_4&  ������������&"  M!A������MiHiyti___flB^  ���������_ESI__H___ffi__fflSB3_?S^^  __t____R___S_S~BI  ERf_MHBXK_S_I__  ������___Mm_l___lLI_M_._l_t_UJU'illUlUM  _M_?liil__________  Mi THE  MltfEE:    .NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  NOVEMBEE  1,   1890.  The Miner is printed on" Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advanee  ���������    rates: Three months $1.50, six months $2.50, one year $4.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of $3 an inch (down ,thc column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents aline for,the ....first insertion and,. 7'cent's a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period "than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. ���������' Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12'lines.;,  BIRTH   NOTIONS   NRNN  IE   NVERJHT OF  CHILD  IS  GIVEN;  IK  '.weight is not, given $1 \vill be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from ������1 to ������10���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom. ������  Job Printing;  in good style at  i<\air rates.   Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and  account papers kept  ���������.in stock. '      i:   ���������''���������_.'���������'���������.       ..... .-"'   ,...'  LETTERS  TO  TUB EDITOR   WILL   ONLY   APPEAR   OVER TilF'  ' writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas,"������������������"Citizen,"-'..etc., etc.,  .will not be printed on any consideration.  Address  all  Letters :   The  Miner,  Nelson, B.  C,  (with "via Kootenai, Idaho," added  if mailed in the  United States.) . ������������������ ',;.���������'        ' ;....^.r;������������������. ;  Authorized Agents :   Henry Anderson, xVinswortu;  ������ James   Delanoy   and   James   Gibson,.Spokane Falls;  J. H. Matheson, Donald; E. S., Topping, Trail Creek;  F; B. Wells, Revelstoke.  The country now designated"'as'"the' state of  Washington   has not as large  air area as the  province of British Columbia.   The 2 sections of  country were settled about the same time and  ..-  by the same class of people���������that is, by ex-employes of fur-trading companies and searchers  after placer gold.    The climate and soil of the  one differs little from  the climate and soil of  the other, Washington having probably.the larger area, of arable land.    Their laws for the protection of life and property are hot unlike, those  of British   Columbia being executed by a judiciary unquestionablyhonest.    Yet, in the race  for   material   prosperity,   Washington  has  far  outstripped British Columbia.    She  has 6 people to British Columbia's 1; she has an assessed   j  valuation   of thousands   to  British  Columbia's   j  hundreds; she has 10 farm's and'.stock ranches to   j  British   Columbia's 1; although  the mining in-   j  dustry is of most recent origin in'Washington,   I  it is now far greater than the same industry in   j  British Columbia.    But it is in railroads that the   |  greatest ^difference exists.    The Canadian Paci-   j  fie and Northern Pacific were built across the 2   j  s e c t i o ii s o f co i l n t'r y ab o u t t h e s a in e ti me.    To -   !  day British Columbia has but little mileage,outside   that   of   the   Canadian   Pacific,-.while'   in  ���������'Washington the mileage of the Northern Pacific   is   but   a  fraction   of the   total.    This is all  because of the difference in the policies pursued  by   the   people   of  the  2  countries.      Those  of  Washington  enact'laws permitting persons or  corporations choosing.to do so to;build railways'  "' with as little hindrance, as far as the law is concerned,   as   those  choosing  to build saw-mills.  The law regulating the matter is a general one,  and as easy of construction as the "Companies  Act "of British Columbia.    The people  of British Columbia, on the other hand, maintain that  persons  or corporations   wishing  to  build  railways must  first obfaiirpermissio-n from the leg-'  islative   assembly ;   iiiust   iirst    obtain    special  legislation.    Today the statute books of British  Columbia    are   encumbered   with    charters   for  railways; charters granted  to  persons and. corporations' who never intended building a, mile .of  railway, the charter  being obtained   for speculative purposes only,    if these chartered  roads  were built, British Columbia would be a perfect  net-work .'of..railways.    But  should   a   party or'  corporation   who   mean   business   apply    for   a  charter,   the   application .is-'always   knifed   by  some member or influence interested in charters  already granted.    The whole svstem  is wrong,  and is doing much  to retard the growth of the  province.    What is wanted is a general railway  act, under the provisions of which parties or  corporations would be allowed to build railways  as readilv as thev are now allowed to build can-  .neries, savv-inills, and hotels. But it is a-hun-  dred-to-one bet that the present legislative assembly will'enact no such modern and beneficial  legislation.    ;. ;  On \Xurie 21st The Miner printed the following :      "E.   H.    Fletcher,    postoffice    inspector  "for the district  of British (Columbia,  was   in  "Nelson last   week.    He took  a trip to  Ains-  " worth, and on his return'-said that he would  "try and get the mail route extended from Nel-  " son', via Ainsworth, to the boundary line." As  will be seen'from the;above, postoffice inspector  Fletcher visited this section in .June last, and on  the trip visited Ainsworth and Rykert's customs-'  house.    At the  latter  place, he  even, so  it  is  stated, obtained th e consent of a. resident to act  a.s .ppst-nms-teiv=Hr^lTe"^a;sked anyone  to act as  postmaster at Ainsworth, the fact has not be-  . come-'known."  But the fact is now pretty generally' known,   that   Ainsworth.'   and   Rvkert's  customs-house are yet without established mail  , routes,  and ..the.' pbstfnasters  were   simply  appointed i'n  mr. Fletcher's  mind.     Mr. Fletcher  -may-not be solely to blame for depriving the  people of Ainsworth of that to which they are  justly entitled���������a postoffice and mail facilities.  He has probably actedin good faith during the  long 4 months   which have elapsed since these  promises  were  made.    Pie,  no  doubt, has  implored colon el Wh ite, a.ssistan t-pos tmas ter-gen -  eral,   to grant this  one  favor,   and   he  would  never! never! ask for another.   Mr. Fletcher has  probably, also, pleaded with rnr. Mara, M. P.,  for his good offices.    Yet, notwithstanding all  his own mighty influence, added to the outside  pressure   (if   local   M. P's   and   people   without  titles, the assistant-postmaster-general remains   j  obdurate   and   refuses   to   give   the   "blanked  Americans" at Ainsworth a, chance to increase   |  the revenues of  the   Dominion   by  purchasing   j  postage   stamps   embellished   with   the   girlish   I  head of queen Victoria. j  their money in betting on the side are sore, and  are doing everything they can to have that deciding game called "no game." The trouble  with all the coast lacrosse clubs is that they are  run, not for the genuine sport there is in the  game, but for. the purpose of gambling. If  there had been no money bet and lost oti that  xiecidiiig contest,, no squabble would now be going on over Steuart's standing, and that player  would not be under the necessity of telling a������  falsehood.  But, the chances are, mr'. Fletcher is wholly to  blame in the' in after.' As an official, he maintains that no section of country should get  postal facilities until the revenue from that section equals the cost of the facilities given ; if the  revenue is not equal to the cost of the facilities,  he maintains that the people themselves should  by contribution make up the deficit. Now, is it  likely that an official holding such views would  work verv hard to give either Ainsworth or  Rykert's .'��������� customs-house '..mail routes or post-  offices? .lie is known to be penurious in all matters affecting the department which' he serves,  and it is an open question if all communications  addressed to him on the matter at issue, whether  from people here or from the department at  Ottawa, are not quietly pigeon-holed.  Lacrosse circles on the coast are all shaken up  over the point as to whether or not C C.  Steuart is a professional. II seems Steuart, 'who  is a leading player in the New Westminster  club, took in the athletic sports 'at Whatcom, in  July last, and being considerable of a foot-racer,  made his expenses by winning a 10-dollar prize  or 2. This bars him from taking part in amateur lacrosse games.;1 But, notwithstanding this  little piece of professional work on the side,  Steuart played with his club in a, recent contest  with the club from Vancouver, in which the  latter lost tlie provincial championship and their  friends and backers several hundred dollars on  (lie side, as well.    Of course, the men  who lost  The McK in ley in riff 'affects this section of British Columbia in that it places a prohibitive duty  on..ores' containing a large percentage of lead or '  copper.    The: ores of the Kootenay Bake camps  carry a  large percentage of lead, and the ore  from several of the mines a percentage of copper.      These   ores    are   so   low-grade    in    si!-  ver c that    they    cannot- be    exported    to   the.,  United  States with  profit to  the "mine-owner.  They must then of necessity be reduced at home,  and the ������������������"nearer- to the mines the  better, as they  will    not   stand    long-distance   transportation  charges.    While the owners of reduction-works  will neeessaril v have, to overcome-the difficulties-,  incident to starting such  enterprises in a new  country, they :will be on a better footing than  those engaged in the same business to the south  of the line.    They will  be  able to import  ores  from all sections free of duty, as the Dominion  of Canada, has -placed ores of all kinds on tlie  free list.    Kootenay lake vvillat no distant day  -be the center of the smelting industry of the  Pacific coast.   At the last provincial election, John  R,obsoii   ..  was returned from the Cariboo district as well  as from his old district, Westminster.    lie has  verv naturally  decided   to   retain   the  Cariboo  seat, knowing full well that that'pocket-borough'  constituency would return him should he be required-to go before it a,gain on accepting a portfolio   in   the  provincial   government,   while   he  might  have a hard race in Westminster.    But  that is not the reason given  by mr. Robson for  shaking his old constituency.    lie says that he  could not give their varied interests the attention they require.    No doubt mr. Robson is hard  worked, for he  is  the  member of the govern-  in ent that stands the brunt; he is the man that  is constantly at the  wheel; he is  the man that  settles   the  difficulties'continually arising between     superintendent -of-schools     Pope     and  cranky   school  teachers, like J". N. Muir;  he  is,  .theonly man that can bottle  up  attorney-general Da vie,', when that genial minister goes on a  rampage; he  is the  only  man   that  can   write  pointed  .letters   for   financial   minister  Turner  when, as a', merchant and  ship'agent, that ex-  American   gets   into   an   international  dispute,  with commodore Irving of the Canadian Pacific  Navigation Company; he is the only man able  to pull Irish land-baron Vernon from the many  pitfalls into which lie falls when left to run the  office of commissioner..of hinds and works alone.  Mr. Robson  is indeed entitled to the sympathy  of the people of the province.  "With all respect for the didactical form of  " female influence, the opinion will remain in  " many minds that the true sphere of woman's  "power is in the alfectiou-s.' The old fable of  " the wind and tlie sun,' striving together as to  k' which of them should first denude the traveler  " of his wraps, is brought to mind. The wind's  " bluster only made the man draw his garments  " tighter about him, but when the genial rays  " of the sun fell upon him he soon doffed his  " coat,   subdued   into   softness   by  tlie   gentle  K>i q*������- ^^aib^i^Jt^ip^tBKiii^ipf.  THE MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  NOVEMBEK  1,   1890.  Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned G-oods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call arid inspect Goods  ���������    ,".-��������� -������'������ and compare Prices.  Main Street, REYELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON,  "warmth. So for the most part woman's  " power will be chiefly felt in the future when  " she is the sunshine of man's life, rather than  " when she adopts the role of the energetic  "north-easter."   Toronto Week, October 10th:    "Some of the  " leading  capitalists  of -New  York have been  "giving    their    opinions    in .regard    to    the  " effects of the McKinley tariff.   Those opinions  "are  in  a certain   way favorable  to  the new  "policy.    Jay Gould and Russell Sage are?, it is  "very likely, right iii predicting that the orjera-  " tion of the tariff 'will' not seriously interrupt  " the  prosperity of  the, country.    They   have  " great faith in the ability of the people to ac-  " commodate themselves to changed conditions.  " If their prognostications prove correct, as they  " no doubt may, the result will, we venture to  "say, be due much more to the vast extent and  " variety of the country's resources, than to the  " peculiar causes assigned by these capitalists.  " The fact is that the nation is so unique in the  " extent of  its territory and  the vastness and  " variety of its productions, that it. is a world in  "itself.    So  long as south  and north, and east  "and   west   have   the   freest    possible    iiiter-  ;'course  with   each   other, they  can   be   fairly  " prosiDerpus even if the rest of the world-were  " utterly shut out.      Hence the experience of  " such a country is no proper test of the effects  " of extreme protection, nor will the fact of its  "continued prosperity  suffice to prove that it  " would not be much more healthfully and-hap-'  " pily prosperous under a more liberal and ������������������far-'  "sighted trade policy."  More  of" Mr.  Fletcher's  BncSIicicncy.  The following notice is posted up in the cabin  of. the steamer"Galeha and  in  the postoffice at  Nelson, in.r. Fletcher, who acts as postoffice inspector, being too penurious to order its publica-   !  tion in a, newspaper circulating in the district:       j  N.OTICK.' .  ���������        J  Proposals addressed to the undersigned, will be received !  up to the: 25th of November next for tlie conveyance of her j  majesty's mails between Nelson, B. C, and Fry, Idaho, j  during' the months of December, 1890, January, February,  and March, I.8i)I, the computed distance being 175 miles.  The mode of conveyance being at the option of tlie contractor. The mails to leave Fry,-Idaho, about the 5th and  20th of each month ; to proceed to Nelson, remaining there  .2-1 hours, returning thence to Fry, Idaho, with return mail  with all despatch. The contractor will be required to  call at the custom-house at Rykert's, and at Ainsworth  and Hendryx both ways. The weight of the mail to be  carried each trip will probably not exceed 50 pounds.  Proposals to state the rate per round trip for which the  service will be performed. Security to tluf amount of $500  must be given by the contractor for the due performance  of the service.  E. H. FLETCHER, postoffice inspector.  Postoffice Inspector's Office,  Victoria, B. C, 20th of October, 1890.  In the above notice the distance from Fry,  Idaho, to Nelson is given at 175 miles, when in  reality it is not more than 125 by the route trav  eled during the months of December, January,  February ,and March, that is���������  ���������t<& .''��������� ��������� ',:''������������������    Miles.'  Fry to Ball's ranch.. ..-...."   8  Ball's to Thompson's ranch .-'. '.....:.. 10  Thompson's to customs-house at Rykert's...... ..... 12  Customs-house to Davies's ranch........... ������.     5  Davies's to head of Kootenay lake . ........ ......"... 16  Head of lake to Pilot bay sawmill. . .,.' 30  Pilot bay to Hendryx's mine .' ."..  .......... 12������  Iteridryx's to Ainsworth...'       3������  Ainsworth to Balfour. .....;................    8  Balfour to Buchanan's sawmill.  ..    5  Buchanan's to Nelson.,...'...... X..' ....:.... .''.������������������ 15  Total......-,  .125  Another misstatement is the probable weight  of the mail. The weight of the mail received at  the Nelson office from Revelstoke is now fully  70 pounds each.week, and there is no good  reason for reckoning it at a less amount during  the winter. This makes the probable -weight' at  a figure almost 3 times that given in the notice.  The steamer Galena carries all mail matter sent  in by way of Kootenay, Idaho, the weight of  which is fully 40 pounds per week, or 80 pounds  for each of the proposed twice-a-month trips.  The probable weight of the mail matter that  should be carried by the contractor, therefore,  will be nearer 200 pounds than 50 pounds, as  estimated by mr. Fletcher. But, probably, mr.  Fletcher does not intend his contractor to-carry  any mail matter from Fry other than that forwarded in a closed sack from Victoria. In other  words, what is now termed "American" mail  will be left at Fry, unless brought to Ainsworth  and Nelson by public subscription.  For a portion of the distance the mail wall  have to be " packed," and one man cannot possibly carry it if the above figures are correct.  It will require 3 men, if not 4.  There is no good reason why the people of  Nelson should not be given a weekly mail during the months above-mentioned; a service they  are justly entitled to and would get, no doubt,  if an efficient inspector was installed at Victoria. A weekly mail, including that now designated as "American," would average about 100  pounds in weight, which 2 men "could bring  through from Fry to Nelson in from 5 to 6 days,  the other 2 requiring the same time in taking  the out-bound mail from Nelson to Fry. By  this arrangement���������leaving Nelson and Fry the  same days each week���������the people of the; Kootenay La-ke-country- would he getting what they  are entitled to, and at a cost but a little more  than what will be paid for the inadequate service.  But the people here do not expect adequate  mail facilities or postoffice accommodations as  long as E. IT. Fletcher is retained, in his present  position.    He should be superannuated.  Another  Strain - B5e>viidcrinj������-  Puzzle.  A new puzzle has been sprung upon the inoffensive people of this weary world. . It. is an  innocent-looking affair and an inexpensive one withal, but more  deadly than "pigs in the clover."  This latest brain-racking device  consists simply of 3 columns of  figures, arranged as in the diagram. The point is to add together anv 6 of the figures and  make the total 21.  1  3  1  3  5  7  9  1  3  5  5  /  7  9  9  YINE  EEAL ESTATE AND MINING- BE0KEES  .���������"���������''..     '���������" ��������� -AND    ������������������    ��������� '"���������" '���������  INSURANCE AGENTS.  We now represent a company prepared       ,  to take risks in   the   Kootenay   Lake  country on buildings, stocks, saw-mills,  mining maehniery,  etc.,  at low rates.  FIRST-CLASS   COMPANY  Offices���������105 West Baker Street, Nelson, It. ���������., and  McConnell Block, AVater Street, Vancouver.  Horse-Shoeing a Specialty  ���������A! I Kinds of .5o*>l>Jn������������; and Etcjuairintf Executed  Neatly  and   Promptly.  Ward Street, opp. Government Office, Nelson,  Application for Water Eight.  On behalf of the Kelson Water Works Company, Limited Liability, I hereby give.notice of an application by  tins company to tlie honorable chief commissioner of  lands and works for authority to take one hundred and  fifty inches of water fronr Cottonwood Smith creek, near  Nelson, in West Kootenay district, at a point about 100  feet above the.junction of that stream with (Jivcouf creek,  to be conveyed actress the land reserved by the government to such points in and about the town of Nelson as  may be necessary and conducive to the attainment of the  objects of I he said company, as set forth in the memorandum of association of tlie said company,'for a term of  ninetv-nine years. W.  G ESN MR   ALLAN,  Nelson, October (5th, 1890. Secretary.  Application for Water Eight.  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take three hundred inches of water from a'spring of  water now flowing in three branches through my preemption near Nelson, in West Kootenay district, at any point  from its source or throughout my preemption, to be conveyed across the land reserved by the government and my  preemption, to any portion of my said preemption or the  town of Nelson where water will be required for irrigation  manufacturing, milling, and household purposes; for a  term of ninety-nine years. J. D. TOWNLEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890. 6  ( THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  NOVEMBER  I,  1890.  " The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District.  LAKE VIE WHOU  ���������   ��������� '' ' . ��������� - ' . , ��������� '' ��������� ������  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,    -.,/���������  _VELSO*r;;.'B.'C.   .". -.  J-Q.H'N(S6N';;&''-'.IVIA-HONEYl  PROPRIETORS.  The reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE   IS   NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  -  HUNTER ���������^a  PROPRIETORS  Cor. Baker and "Ward Sts.  NELSON, B. C.  H.   &.   T.    MADDEN  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with  a frontage  towards Kootenay river, and  is newly  furnished throughout.  T X3I __]      TABLE  i.s supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE BAR !S STOCKED WITH THE BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  A   COUNTRY- ' 'GKEATJL'Y    ������VEKRATEIK  A miner who recently returned to Butte, Moil-  tana, from a visit to the Transvaal country,  South Africa, gives an account of it as a mining  country, especially that section in the vicinity  of Johannasburg. From this miner's experience  the place is decidedly one of the last which any  American miner would Want to work in. He  left Butte 3 years ago, with the object of finding a better camp, and he returns convinced,  that Butte has no superior.  Johannasburg is reached from the Cape by a  journey of nearly 600 miles bv rail .and 500 by  coach. The mines are almost all operated by  English capital. The Boers are not operating  any. His experience with the Boers was such  as to give him a very unfavorable opinion of  them. He asserts that they are too lazy for  anything in the mining line. Give a Boer a  span of oxen, a wife, and a tin of coffee and he  is happy. The Boers are too lazy even for agricultural labor. Before English capital went  into the country they were starving, but the  large amount of freighting furnished by bringing machinery into the mines has helped them.  All this has been done by the Boers with bullock teams, at a cost to the companies larger  than the original cost of the machinery. A railroad franchise has recently been granted by  the Transvaal government and tlie road is now  in course of construction.  All the labor in South Africa is done by the  Kaffirs.    They are still savage to all intents and  purposes.    The "reefs" or veins in the Johannasburg district are low-grade, the ore averaging $5 to $6 in gold to the ton.    The leads cannot  be  traced below  low water level.    Below,  the quartz changes to "blue-bar" as it is called  there,  a sort of blue  quartzite,  in  which the  veins   are   entirely   lost.     The  top quartz,  to  which the work of mining is confined, is from 50  to 100 feet deep.    Only a few of the mines have  been'paying, even on top quartz.    The majority  of the leads have been worked only a short time >  and then abandoned, owing principally to the  bad management that has characterized mining  there from the start.    He never saw or heard of  a mining district where so  much  capital has  been   thrown   away   in   useless   extravagance.  The plan of operating was to stock a mine for a  certain  amount of capital,  float the  stock  in  England on the most barefaced misrepresentations, appropriate about one-fourth for working  capital,   which  was generally  invested,  in  the  'most expensive machinery, place  the  management in the hands of some one totally ignorant  of mining���������frequently some officer of a regiment stationed in Zulu land---when a few weeks  work would develop the absolute worthlessness  of the alleged mine.    Quantities of fine machinery have been brought there and actually left  on the ground in the original boxes unopened,  all because of the worst possible management.  The companies have  been defrauded so much  by the management that they are learning by  experience and sending competent men out to  Work the mines, an improvement in  this being  effected when the miner left Johannasburg.-  As already stated, all the work is clone by  black labor supervised by white men. The  Kaffirs work under-ground, breaking the ore  and taking it out, and are also employed in the  milling process, but have to be directed in everything by white men. Being really "untutored  savages," they have to be told everything. If  directed to fetch a wheelbarrow, they will hoist  it on their heads, being ignorant of the use of  the wheel. They work very slowly and their  work is very inefficient.  When the miner first reached John annas burg  the wages paid white men as overseers of black  labor was about $25 per week, but when he left  it had fallen to $16 to $18 per week, owing to  the closing of many of the mines. Board ranged  from $35 to $40 a month, and was poor at that.  The black laborers get from $3 to $la week, but  are fed and housed by the companies. One  white man will do as much work as 3 Kaffirs in  a day, besides doing it more effectively. The  black men are very uncertain laborers too. If  they take a notion, the whole gang working for  a company will decamp during- the night, leaving the works idle until a new gang comes along,  who, if they like the terms offered by the company, will stay and work, otherwise they won't.  They only speak their native tongue, so that the  overseeing white men have to learn their language in order to direct them intelligently.  The climate is hot and dry all the year round.  Even in the winter time the heat of the sun during the day is oppressive, while at night half a  dozen blankets are necessary. The nights are  cool   even   in   summer   time.    The  altitude  is  about 6000 feet.        , ���������'"."$'���������'  Three thousand deaths occurred at Johannasburg last summer from the unsanitary condition  of affairs. Dead animals and all kinds of offal  are left to putrefy where they drop. The only  scavengers are the vultures, whiclir thrive and  grow fat on the animal remains.  The number of mines in active, operation  shrank materially during the past year. "Where  there we're 300 working a year ago there are not  50 today. Those which are working, however,  are under better management than formerly.  It can be easily seen that Johannasburg possesses no attractions for an American miner.  HOTEL  yernpn Street, near Josephine,'  .    .."���������'���������..'-NELsoar,'IB. ���������. .''  SODERBERG  & JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE  TABLE  is acknowledged   the , best  in the mountains.  TZHCIE   _3__^_E?,  is stocked" ���������with' the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  is the best hotel in BALFOUR, the new town at the outlet of Kootenay lake, 8 miles from Ainsworth and  20 from Nelson.  Good Beds.   Meals at all Hours.  WILLIAM   THOMAS........... ....   .... .PROPRIETOR  A. Mc'KINNON  Proprietor  Largest   and   Best   Situated   Hotel  in Ainsworth,  the Only Town in Hot Springs (B. C.) Mining District.  . Till*''.TABLE   IS   UiVSaiKPASSEI*  by that of any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country. The  rooms are large and well furnished. The bar is stocked  with the best brands of liquors and. cigars.   Rate, $2 a day.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  _���������_ fe6_i__a������_w_Hrf-ta  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,;..:_TOVEMBEE  1,   1890.  ?-..    NELSON and SPEOAT.;  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at any mine in tlie  district.   Orders from lake points promptly filled.  running between Nelson and Sproat, and. between Nelson  and adjacent mines.  ���������Wilt, contract to deliver  mining machinery on any mine in  ', the district.,  All Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  promptly forwarded to destination.  at both Nelson and Sproat, where saddle animals can be  hired and job wagons engaged..  NELSON OPPICE AND MARKET:  Canadian Paciiic Eailway  OUR NATIONAL HI&HWAY.  Through Passenger  Service from Ocean to Ocean,  JSTO    CHANGES.  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kooflciiny I<akc-&ii������������������i><i>,r.s will, be consulting   their   own  interests  .. by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE  every Tuesday and. Friday, making connection with trains for  VAN0OUVEE,:  NEW WESTMINSTER  Z] ^ =E^pat_?_?:'  ?i  nvn o _stt_e?,__]___.__j .  VICTOEIA,  3 vOHIOAGO.  AND  ALL POINTS  EAST  For rates, maps,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,'-apply, to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, .-    D.- E. BROWN,  Gen'] Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Frt& Pas'r Ag't..  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B. G.  Steam Navigation Co., Ltd.  THE   STEAf  j  ��������� '. ILB-LWES   SI'UOAT  for Revelstoke on Tuesdays and Fridays.  ��������� - . -        ��������� ��������� ' i  Owing to the low stage of water, trips have again been    ;  discontinued between Sproat and Little Dalles. '  Revelstoke, October 30th.  J. A. MARA, Manager  ���������ltEA3I - OF'.   THE -.WORLD'S.'  SEWS.  A court of revision and appeal, under the assessment act, j  will be held at the government office, Nelson, on Monday, j  the 10th day of November, at 10 a. m. * ' i  G. O. TUNSTALL, j  Chairman court of revision and appeal. !  Revelstoke, September 18th, 1890. ;  In the parliamentary election which took place in the  Eccl.es division of southeast Lancashire on October 22nd  mr. Roby, Gladstonian candidate^ was returned by"a vote  of i901 to 4096 for, Egerton, Conservative. The Conservatives carried Eccles by 292 nmjority in 1886r r  The Helena, Montana, smelter started up week before  last with over 100 men and ore enough to run 2 furnaces.  The smelter people hope'soon to have the works running  at their fullest capacity, when over 200 men will be employed, and 200 tons of ore reduced daily.  At Richmond, Indiana, pn the 22nd of October, the stallion Nelson trotted half a mile in 1:03. The day before he  broke tlie record in l:05y '  W. J. O'Connor, the oarsman, who who is now at home  in Toronto, says he does not regret having made the  journey to Australia, but would never go again, tie also  advises all foreign oarsrncn to remain away if their only  object in going there was to win'"a race on the'Paramatta  river for the championship. "Only men brought up on  that stream can hope successfully to compete there," he  declares. "There is hot only a strong tide, but currents  and eddies innumerable confront the stranger, and these  cannot be mastered by a man unacquainted with the  course without years of experience." O'Connor won sev-  eral minor.races in Australia. He speaks..',in high terms of  Australians as sportsmen, and says they resemble Americans more than any foreigners he ever met.  Jack Dempsey has signed articles of: agreement to fight  Bob Fitzsimmons for a. purse and the middleweight championship of the world before the Olympic club in New  Orleans about the middle of December.  The population of the state of Oregon is 312,490, an increase during the decade of 137,722.    Astoria has 7,701,  Albina 5,101,  Portland 47,296,  and East Portland   10,481.  The correct population of Wisconsin is 1,653,697, an increase'  of 368,200. _-,.',���������;  Dom Pedro, during a recent visit, assured qiieeh Victoria  that he had no intention of seeking restoration to the  throne of Brazil, and that the republic which had been established would bo the permanent form of government.  ���������It was in consequence of these statements that the British  government determined on recognizing the republic of  Brazil, and instructions were accordingly issued to the  British minister at Rio Janerio.  ��������� Advices from Alaska state that captain Carroll, at one  time employed by the Pacific Coast Steamship Company,  is a candidate for delegate from Alaska to congress, and  he is making a live canvass. He is opposed by George \Y.  Carse, a cwell-known lawyer of Juneau. The convention  of " the people of Alaska" met in the latter city on October 6th, to nominate a candidate, and after a hot light, captain Carroll came out the victor.  The diaries and letters of major Barttelot, the murdered  commander of Stanley's rearguard, have been published in  London. They contain serious charges against the African  explorer. The book was edited by the dead man's brother,  Walter Barttelot, who in the preface says: "It is not  likely that this book would have been published had justice been even partially done, or any kindness shown by  the leader of the expedition to the officer who was left at  Yambaya with the impedimenta, stores, and baggage."  Charges 'of. malignity, ingratitude, misrepresentation, and  desertion are then brought against Stanley. Major Bartte-  lot's diaries declare that Stanley threatened to blast tlie  major's reputation with lord Wolseley and ruin his career  in the army. In reference to this incident Barttelot gives  his brother's words: "Afterwards, turning to me, Stanley  said it was in his power to ruin me in the service. I said  to him that this was an empty threat, as it would take a  great deal more than he could Say to do that. He punished  me afterwards by making me march to Leopoldville with  70 men who were noted for laziness and incapacity for carrying loads, warning me if I lost a single load I must stand  the consequences."  :  Percy Wheeler, a member of a Woodstock, Ontario, firm  of shoe dealers and a warm friend of convicted murderer  Burchell, absconded with the firm's cash, but was arrested  at Detroit. Rather than go to jail, he surrendered $2000 of  the money. He was originally a "farm pupil," sent out by  the same firm as that which employed Burchell, and was  considered a howling swell. Burchell has completed his  autobiography, and it was sold at auction, Bunting of the  Toronto Mail purchasing it for the Mail and the New York  Herald. The price paid was ������1700, the money to go to  Burcheirs wife. '.   ���������    *      ���������  The German colony at Dun more, a station on the Canadian Pacific east of Medicine Flat, is preparing'to emigrate  en masse to the Edmonton district. The -government has  given the settlers the privilege of changing their homesteads free of charge and the Canadian Pacific will give  free transportation ���������0A7'cr its lines.  Within 3 years the track of the Atchison, Topeka &  Santc Fe road between Mojave and. San Francisco will be  completed. With tlie ..building of this road and the unfinished portion of the Atlantic & Pacific railroad between  Sepulpa and Albuquerque will be sprung one of the largest  legal sensations of modern times. It is nothing less than  the claim on the part of the Atchison to over'20,000,000  acres of land, a larger part of which is in what is now the  richest part .of California. The'grant was ���������conferred in  1806 by the government on the condition that the Atlantic  & Pacific should build the road.  Reviewing the political situation in the various states,  the New York Herald figures out that tlie small .Republican  majority in the house of representatives- will be wiped out  at the election on November 4th (Tuesday next) and replaced by a Democratic majority of at least 18.  A lirm of Michigan lumbermen intend building a sawmill at Steveston, at  the  mouth of Eraser river in this  province.    The mill will have a. capacity of 200,000 feet per  vday.  The parliament of Great Britain will reassemble on the  25th instant.  The trial in the divorce proceedings brought by captain.  O'Shca against his wife, in which mr. Parnell figures as  co-respondent, has been set for the middle of November.  Mrs. O'Shca will make counter-allegations against her  husband. Sir Charles Russell and Herbert Asquith have  been retained as counsel by mr. Parnell.  Track on tlie Calgary & Edmonton railway is now laid  to a point about 35 miles north of Calgary.'  DO NOT USE POOR MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  OLDINGS,  arc for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON SAWMILL  CO.  Tar<l:   At <'������<8  of FIhiiic  in   .WIsoib.  Will: , Two  Wiles  South  of Xc.Ikoii.  Builders concede that tlie lumber from our mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  'delivered    promptly   in   any  part of Nelson.  CORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low price's.  ,'M.   S.-  WAY VS.,        .J.   IB.   TOL.SOX,  MANAGERS.  Kootenay Lake Saw-Mill.  " !0Q3000 feet Lumber on hand' at NELSON.  50,000    "        " " AINSWORTH.  100,000    "        " " MILL.  Parties Purchasing Lots in Nelson  OX"   S5lfBSJSE\<li   4(<n>.\S������BTBO.V*  will be liberally dealt with in regard to lumber supply.  C3-_ O. IB TT O ZE������-__.I]>T___.:r>r  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished "on time.  ���������. .      ���������      ��������� <���������    ���������-       '���������"  .SEASONED. LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, dos~s, tables, etc.  Undertaking'attended to..  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  t_pj_ j  CON i  AMD  Will contract for the erection of any size wood building.  Plans and estimates furnished and bills.for material made.  Job carpentering attended to promptly. Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, East Vernon street.  ���������^^^^^  LAY-OVER   NOTICE.  All alluvial claims legally held in West Kootenay district, will be laid over from the 1st insfant^o the 1st. day of  .Tune ensuing. G. C. TUNSTALL,  Nelson, October 1st, 1890. Gold commissioner.  ���������i s������JW  fcre 8  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,  E. C,   SATUEDAY,   NOVEMEEE  1,   1890.  in S  EEVELSTOKE  Railroad Avenue,  SPROAT.  "W"JE_Z031.E]S_A_XJDE]   -A-ZTSTID   EETAIL  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram "Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  ernon an  SMALL   NIItiUKTS. OF    SEWS.-  An effort will be made to get a. weekly mail during the  closed season. Responsible parties are willing to undertake the job, agreeing to bring in all mail matter delivered  at Bonner's Ferry, Idaho, from local United States points  as well as that' from Victoria.'' Several people.have expressed, opinions in favor of the Little Dalles route over  that of Bonner's Ferry; but it is believed that the Corbin  road will not be operated to Little Dalles this winter, and  that the Bonner's Ferry route is, therefore, toe better one.  Part of the expense will have to be raised by subscription..  - Mining recorder Gifiin and constable Kirkup are out in  the Goat River district investigating the alleged-'trouble ���������  between the Indians and the prospectors.   If the Indians  arc to blame, arrests will be .made.   . ,  M. Driscoll of the boundary line Palace hotel has returned from a trip to his old stamping grounds over at  Galbraith's ferry in East Kootenay. He "reports that section of country without a single ray of sunshine now that  his old friend major' Norris is no longer collector of customs at. Fort Steele. The genial major was succeeded by  one of the Galbraith family "and is lying 'nigh"unto death  ! in a Victoria hospital. Mr. Driscoll took in the sign ts at  Nelson on Monday night.  Tenders will be received at The Miner oflice for the  construction of a 10x12 crib, 10 feet in height, to be sunk in  the river at or near the float; also, for extending tne landing to a connection with'the float. All logs used in crib  and landing to be cedar.  ' The lire wardens are doing their duty and notifying all  .house-owners to put in proper flues, as well as clean up  backyards.    Nelson  is  not to be out-done in tidiness by  ''.Sproat or Balfour or Ainsworth.  Nelson has a hotel, the proprietors of which say -they  do not know whether they have 0 or 66 boarders. "When,  a boarder steps up to the bar co settle, he is sized up,  and if he looks as if able to pay $20 he is charged that  amount; if he looks a,s if dead-broke lie is simply told that  he owes the house nothing, as lie has not boarded long  enough to make it an"object. The house is doing'a flourishing business, all because of'this liberal system.  A session of the county court', judge Spinks presiding,  will be held at Nelson on the K3th. Several mining cases,  among others that of the ownership of the Grizzly and  Silver Queen claims, will come up for hearing.  Owing to bridge timber not being properly loaded on a  fiat-car, Fred NVilliamson, a brakoman on the Columbia &  Kootenay construction train, came near losing his life one  day this week. He attempted to make a coupling, and got  caught between the ends of the timber and tlie engine-tender, and was badly squeezed. At first he was thought to  bo so seriously injured that'he could not survive; but he  disappointed the doctor in attendance, and so far recov-  < ered as to be able to be carried aboard the Lytton on a,  stretcher.     He  was taken   to  the company's hospital  at  ' Donald.  While the country along the Canadian Pacific from  Kam.loops to Winnipeg'is said to have already had snowstorms'this fall, not a flake lias fallen at Nelson or Ainsworth. 'i iik MfXEii docs not claim thai the Kootenay  ���������Lake country is a land of perpetual summer and sunshine,  for it is not; yo.i but little snow falls oil the low-lying.'',  benches along the river and lake before new-year's-day,  and none after the middle of March. But, up in'the mountain's���������ye gods ! ,  Two well-known employes of a railway contractor are in  training for a go for points with bare knuckles. The one,  who is a sort of commissary sergeant, is being rubbed-  down every morning with a, wire brush in the hands of  .Dan Dunn; the other (ills his own prescriptions, and is. being trained by a well-known athlete who makes his headquarters at Sproai. The friends of the respective parties  are backing tho'r favorites as strongly as their salaries will  permit. The. day for the mill has not yet' been doterm-  inod ; but it is sure to cjme otrthi.s month.  Personals :    "Dune" McDonald, one of Sproat's pioneer  businessmen, put in a day a: Knotenay's largest town,'and  expressed surprise at  the number and good looks  of its  trade palaces.   Mr. McDonald is now employed as a fra in or  'on the Kootenay railway bridge.    Dr. and mrs. Hendryx    ���������������������������  were passengers on   the Galena on Monday, returning to    ;  their ''home" at the Blue Bell from their "home" at the  most desolate way-side station on the Northern'Pacific���������  Kootenay, Idaho.    John H. Tolson returned from "Vancou-    ;  vcr and'.Victoria on  Monday, looking as if some of the    i  ���������coast hotels'furnished- good eatables.    Mr. Tolson' is joint   j  manager of Nelson's nearest gold  mine���������the saw-mill  2    i  miles south of town.    J. A. Mara of Kamloops, steamboat   ,i  owner and member of parliament, passed a day or ,2 in  Nelson this week, making arrangements for building his  company's new steamer and in defending postonice inspector Fletcher. E. W. Harris has returned from Spokane, where he went for medical treatment, and is now able  to attend to business. A mining camp can get along without a lawyer or a doctor, but it"-must have a shoemaker,  ..and mr. Harris is a good one.  The "old man " of The' Miner is in receipt of a piece,  of wedding cake all the way from lot 20, 6th.concession  west, Caledon township, Peel county, Ontario, which is a  sure indication that some member of the Houston family  has been united for 'better or for worse to a member-of  some other family of 'that' section of her most gracious  majesty's dominions. A notice in a local paper proves it.  On Tuesday, September 30th, at the home of the bride, in  Alton, Ontario, William Houston jr. and miss Sophia Willis were united in marriage: William and Sophia will, no  doubt, endeavor to make that old stony farm blossom and  bring forth: fruit other than Swedish turnips, early rose  potatoes, and winter apples. May they enjoy as much  pleasure in doing the work, as the " old man "enjoyed in  placing many, long miles between him and that same old  stony, farm on his first trip away from it, in I860.  The wires of the Columbia & Kootenay railway's telephone line were strung along Vernon street this (Saturday)  afternoon. 'Telephonic communication can now be had  with. Sproat.   The oflice is in Hume & Co's store.  The trail between Balfour and Ainsworth has been com-  ��������� pletedv'a'nd is 8������ miles in length.  Hereafter the steamer Galena will make but one trip a  week between her landing at Bonner's Ferry, Idaho, and  the towns on Kootenay lake. She will leave the landing  near Bonner's Ferry on Mondays, arriving at Nelson on  Tuesdays. Remaining over night at, Nelson, she will proceed to Ainsworth on Wednesdays, laying over night, and  proceeding to Rykert's custom-house on Thursdays.  Thursday nights she will lay over at Rykert's, arriving on  Fridays at her landing in time for passengers to take the  stage for Kootenay station on the Northern, Pacific. "The  .change is caused by the slacking up of travel and because  of the dense fogs prevailing on the river.  Balfour has not only a hotel, but a contractor who is  willing to clear lots as well. See advertisement at foot of  this column. '   '  W. A. Baillie-Grohinan, through C. W. Busk, states that  he has not laid claim to any part of Balfour. The people  of the lake country will, no doubt, be glad to learn that so  much of mother earth as  is included within the townsite  Pacific  the limits of a  4-mile-square  of Balfour,  even, does not come  within  Grohman   reserve   or  a   Canadian  block.  It, is reported the contract for taking out 3,500,000 feet of  logs for the Pilot Bay saw-mill'has been awarded to McLean, Flager & McKay, at $6.75 a .'thousand. The mill  was started up last week, but a pully broke, causing a  stoppage for several days. ,.c .  Surveyors are at work platting the "Hoover" preemption into town lots. This land comprises 160 acres and adjoins Nelson on the south.- It is not known here when the  lots will1 be,placed on the'market.  .'The'London, Ontario, Free Press wonders who can beat  a 2L-ounce potato which it mentions. The Edmonton  Bulletin wonders who, in that section, did not raise potatoes this year that beat it. A dozen ranchers on Kootenay  river have this season raised potatoes that weighed all the  way from 21 ounces to IS ounces, the average size weighing almost i lie former figure.  Edmonton Bulletin, October 18th : "Traeklaying on the  Calgary & Edmonton had reached Chamberlain's,'"35 miles  north of Calgary, on 'Thursday of last week when the  stage passed and was being'continued'at the rate of 2  miles a day. Graders were moving north to Barnett's and.  in about 2 weeks all the grading south of the Bed Deer  will be completed and the whole force will have moved  north. They will then be strung all the way along from  Bed Doer to' Peace hills, 10 miles from Edmonton.  CLEARIN  will do all kinds of  A^D   CONTRACT  in and about  Estimates given on work.  Address, Balfour via Nelson.  DEALERS IN  S*f  ENTS' . FURNISHINGS  Fancy and toilet/goods, patent medicines, fruits, tobaccos,  ".'...' cigars, stationery, etc.  Postoffice Store, Nelson, B. G.  (Late .3. E. Walsh)  Has now on hand Medicines,  Fishing TacHe, Stationery,  Clothing, Hats, and Sundries.  15  East ISaStes* Street, Nelsoia.  Por Sale at THUEBTJEFS a double-barrel 12-bore  POWLIM-PIEOE-DamascLis twist.  uKA  Jielsoja,   5S.  ���������.  Dealers in all kinds of Farm Produce  ���������Consignments of .Fresh Fruit will  be Received Weekly  from Spokane Falls.  '  OOP - CORRAL   AND   -STABLING.  All accounts due and all bills against the late firm of  Cook & Hoover will.be settled by the above firm.  NOTARY 'PUBLIC.  ���������_  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   _To. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, E. 0.  ft


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