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The Miner Mar 7, 1891

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 '.  Only:  Paper  Printed.  m tlie  ..-li'ootcmiy  hsilie 'SIin-"  ; ��������� ing I&islricts. : ���������  s*j>jj*  8SQ '  wt  Is  For .Kates���������.'"������������������'  of Subscription mil  Advertising  See  Fourtla,. B*ji������j;e.  FIJMBEB 38.  NELSON,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,   MAfiGH   7,   1891.  |4 A YEiE.  ONE    MINE   SiC: T03I5   COBrflTfifcY,-'  AT    JL3CAST.   t.  "There is at least  one "mine in the Kootenay  'Lake country, notwithstanding the statements  "made- by.'members-, of the Vancouver  board of  trade,-"'remarked  M.  Mahoney on Thursday, to  a representative 'of "Tile Miner. ::        o     ���������  Only one?  was the interrogative reply,'  "Well, one .that'I-have seen within the last. 24-  liours, and One tha.t 1 d;������ not believe has its equal  in 'America today," answered mr, Mahoney.  Y~ou mean the Silver King on Toad -'mountain?  "Yes. Hearing that' the tunnel had reached  the old workings, I went up to the mine yesterday to satisfy myself as-to the truth of the reports coming from the Hill, and I found that  they were in no way exaggerated."  AVhaf is the extent, of the ore body exposed in  the tunnel?  - "It is fully 00 feet from the point -where the  .solid ore was struck to the opening in the drift.  The tunnel is wide enough for a double track  and is from,.7 to 8 feet high. There was not a  shovelful of waste dumped in running the ,60  feet. In that distance licit less than 200 tons of  ore. was taken; ore, too, that will average'$200  to the ton."  What is the extent of the ore boclvin the  drift? .���������������������������-��������� /   ;.       "' *  "I did not..measure the drift, but from statements made to me by the boys at work in the  mine, it. is fidly 45 feet in length. Like the tunnel, it is in-solid ore." > ;.;  Then, according to that, the ore body in the  SilveiL King is exposed .far a distance of fully  lGpfeet?/   " - ;-;v' ., \ =2������������������'-:' '   "    ;  "Yes; and I do riot believe they have even got  farily into the main ore bod v. I believe that the  Silver King is on a mountain of ore, the richness  and extent of which is at the best but mere  guesswork."  You have had considerable practical experience as a miner in other camps, mr. Mahoney,  and how,, do the Silver King and adjoining  claims compare with mining properties on which  you have worked?  "To be candid, ��������� I have not seen any better  prospects for mines in any camp on the other  side���������and I have worked in the best of them, f  believe that Toad mountain Will turn out to be  like Leadville's Carbonate hill; that ore will be  found in almost every shaft sunk. I have been  on the mountain off and on.since 188S, and have  been all over the Silver--King and Kootenay  Bonanza ground. You can -hardly stick a. pick  in anywhere on part of the ground without uncovering ore."'-  How many men. could be profitably employed  on tlie Silver King? ,   '���������  ���������'"That depends on how large a scale the work  wa-s carried On. If machinery was on the mine,  fully 250 men could be worked to advantage,  even though the. present depth is but 150 feet.  As it is, 50 men could now be employed at. stop-  in g ore alone."  What would be their probable; output ?  "Fifty men in the Silver King could extract  400 tons a day."  What is tlie value of the ore in sight?  "The ore body is exposed for a distance of 100  feet ; in one place it is shown, to be 45 feet wide  and neither wall struck; the shaft shows this  body or deposit to be 35 feet deep with solid ore  in the bottom of tlie sump. Estimating that it  is only '100 .feet, long, -U> feet wide, and .':>5 feet  deep, would give 157,5()0 cubic feet of nve, which  at 13 feet to the ton is 32,115 tons. Tlie lowest  value placed on the ore would give over a million  dollars in sight in this one place alone." There  is also a large quantity of lower grade ore near  the surface."  Rather a. right smart, mine?  Yes; it will stand the sneers of the Vancouver  crowd. And it is not the only mine in the Kootenay Lake country, either."  Is work being continued?  "Yes; both in the tunnel and in the shaft.  The tunnel will  be run straight ahead towards  the Kootenay Bonanza ground, and   the  shaft  sunk -���������.another 50 feet."  "'&TflSflEi.ff.\,<;;'. 'BACK.'"'.'AT-  TBB-EBEt'  B^EMHKS.  There iconics  a time in the history of every  man's -affair's when -he needs to put forth an unusual effort; when every faculty must be on the  a lert; and  by long and arduous work a -success-,  ful passage is at last made of the Rubicon.    The  road   to   success is thereafter  easily   traversed.-  Thus it   is with   communities.    There .'-.comes   a.  period in  their history when the united and decisive   efforts    of   a   few   resolute    and    determined inen raise them from obscurity,' bringing  their advantages and   resources' to the notice of  capital, energy, and  brains, drawing these elements within their borders, and with this added  power increase the momentum of progress to a  point of irresistibility.  The action of the Vancouver board of trade, in  protesting against charters being granted for  railways though southern Kootenay, and the,  .statements made in the speeches of members  that there was not amine in the Kootenay Lake  country, has set the people of the lake country  afire, Thev unanimously pronounce the action  of. the. board of trade abject truckling to the  Canadian Pacific���������an action unworthy of a rCp-  resentatiue business .organization -of a progress-  i v e t o w n. Th e s fa tern en t s th at the re a r & n o  inines in the Kootenay Lake country is looked  on as the mere va.pprings of ignoramuses, ignorant even of the location of the Kootenay Lake  country. The people do not propose allowing  these servile business men of Vancouver to get  off with a curtain lecture and a kick; they propose to strike^ back a4;;them in a way thai will  hurt. Hundreds^()f ininei'S and laboring men  proclaim that they will not purchase a dollars  worth of supplies from a merchant that deals  with Vancouver houses: and the .merchants,  equally indignant, that the business men of Vancouver, are willing that the interests of the lake  country be rendered subservient to the'Canadian  Pacific, have notified the wholesale'dealers in  Vancouver to cancel their orders and close their  accounts! Notices shriilar to the following are  also posted on all the leading, store's:  NOTICE !  On account of tlie unjust action of the Vancouver board  of trade,, in petitioning the government to not grant  'charters to companies intending to build railways to connect, southern Kootenay with American railway systems,  and in .endeavoring to injure-our country by. circulating  statements broadcast through the press that there is not a  paying mine in any of the Kootenay Lake camps, I have at  the request of my patrons, and in order to protect myself  from great loss, withdrawn my business from that city ;  and I do hereby give notice, that hereafter.no goods sup  plied by Vancouver wholesale dealers or manufactured ii  'that town will be sold in this house.  m  BguitUlitig Operations at Nelson asad  AlnsworOi.  At Nelson : Work is being pushed on Marks  & VanNoss's new Nelson house, and the building  is already inclosed. '.When completed it will be  quite an imposing structure for an inland town  depending entirely on the whims of the.���������Vancouver board of trade for its existence. Hanson  & Johnson's building is also inclosed.-' Bill  brothers are at work'on a residence and an  assay office for G. E. R. Ellis. Andy Wallace is  'crowding work on tlie Hume-Wallace building.  At Ainsworth: A. A. McKinnon is building a  large; addition to the Vancouver house: but is  seriously thinking of changing the name of his  hotel, because' of the action of the; Vancouver  board of 'trade in petitioning against free  railways.  SBaouIU! ���������������5nSine B9is Attentions' to Ellis Own Wife.  On Tuesday the. hearing; of the Perry-Riopcl  criminal assault case was resumed before justice-  of-the-peace Selous. The evidence was contradictory, and the defendant, brought, a cloud of  witnesses to prove that he was. not in Nelson on  the '9til of February, the day on which mrs.  Perry-claimed he assaulted her person. After  giving both parties a deserved lecture, justice  Selous imposed a fine of $25 and costs on liiopel.  .AN '"' Bv.\IiI.������EB'TB51\,flft������i    ESBBOAB^-fiAflJttE:'. MA*V."  iii a speech advocating, the closing of the  Kootenay Lake conn try from t lie outside world,  J, C. McLagan, member of theVaneouyer board  of trade, said, in effect: "' YVere I a resident of  fhatdistrict I might wish to see communication  opened with the United States. As if is, however, the people of that section  wilThave'"coin--  liimiicat ion wit h the Canadian Pacifie at Re vel-  stokefoivS months in the year. The Canadian  Pacific have spent about ..$7.50,000in building t he  Columbia & Kootenay railway, and in building  the road it was admitted the Canadian Pacific  was gambling on the future, because it is hot  yet demonstrated that there is a paying mine iii  Kootenay. ["Yes, there is; the Hall mine!" interrupted a better posted member.] -I. am in a  position to know that the promoters of the  com pan ies a'ppl y i ng f of rail way chart ers i n tend  to build up the city., of Spokane. They do not  careone cent for the'remainder of British. Columbia so long as Kootenav district trades with  them. I know that the merchants of Victoria,  send their goods by way of the Northern Pacific  rather than patronize, the Canadian' road.  Goods can be sent by way of Revelstoke during  8 months in tlie year. If Vancouver is true te  her own interests, her /merchants will not sanction this trade to be diverted to American cities.  I believe that theC. P. R. is as .enterprising as  an other company, and as soon as the mines in  Kootenay are proved to be paying ones and per-  inanent concerns lines will be built through the  district by the Cttnadian Pacific."   .  Did it ever occur to mr. McLagan that competitive .transportation, companies ...are1-a necessity���������even to so small a place commercially as  Vancouver? Did it.:ever occur to mr. McLagan  that the business men of Spokane Falls are entitled to a share of the trade of a: district in  which thev have invested thousands of dollars  in developing resources considered of -problem-  etical value by the Canadian Pacific and its  friends in Vancouver? Did' it ever occur to mr.  McLairan that the bulk of the goods-consumed in  the Kootenay Lake country are "purchased, not  in Spokane Palls, not in Vancouver, but from  wholesale dealers in eastern Canada!-1 Did it  ever occur to mr. McLagan that the dutv on  lead and copper ores imported into the United  States made the shipment of such ores from  British Oalumbia to thai country impracticable,  except  for  ores carrying large -percentages  of  gold  or silver ?   'Did   it  ever occur  to mr. -McLagan v th a t t lie N; it i o ii al Pol i cy, t h e n ec es-  sity of which he now so strongly maintains,  is a. bar to the imperial.ion and successfid sale of  any line of goods that is manufact ur*ed in Canada? Did it ever occur, to mr. McLagan that  the "'m.erch ants of Victpi'ia. have at.no time i-e-  ceived-favors at tlie liands of the Canadian Pacific, and in-shipping goods by the Northern Pacific are merely acting in self-defence? Did it  ever occur to mr. McLagan tliat 4 months in  each year is-too long- a time for a country with  large industrial .'enterprises to be closed to. the  outside world, and that these, industrial enterprises are already in operation in the Kootenay Lake", country ?���������' Did it ever occur to mr.  'McLagan tliat by the'-building of 40 miles of  railway, from Nelson to the boundary line, that  Vancouver and New-Westminster would have  an all-rail route to navigable water on Kootenay-  lake? Did it ever occur to mr. McLagan that-  .people with, e'nt erprise and energy will not long  ��������� submit', to the. exactions of a selfish railway company backed up by boards of trade sycophantic  in their subserviency?  Vel, notwithstanding that board of trade  speech, mr. McLagan is the manager of a daily  newspaper and poses as an enlightened, broad-  gauge man.  The owners of the Early Bird, a claim on the  lake shore a mile above, Ainsworth, have resumed work on the tunnel, and will run it 50  feet -further.  ������m  :^:~s^^^������^^^ THE   MlNERi,   FELSOtf,  -B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   MAEOH  7,   1891.  G-oods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect, Claim, or Mine in the  Hot  Springs Mining District  G^IR-IR-^r   FULL   LI3STES   OF.  '"T"P Ft'  r  I     & Isa final  Drags and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth.  AINSWORTH, B. 0., and REVELSTOKE, B. G,  AX<31JB'L\T    SILVflSBt    ilBBXJBS.  "Themines of La.uriuin" are still yielding silver, lead, and zinc. They give employment to  3000 men, and turn out thousands upon thous-  ands of tons of ore annually. These are the  mines from -which Them istocles got the silyer to  fit out the fleet which whipped the Persians in  the famous naval battle of Salami's, 500 vears  before the Christian era. And perhaps the mines  were ancient when Them istocles saved Greece  with them. It is thought those hustlers of the  earliest times, the Phoenicians, got wealth out  of them. Mr. Manatf, the American consul at  Athens, has recently walked through these  mines. Director general Cordelia of one of the  two big companies operating the mines now has  been figuring on what the ancients must have  taken out.     The silver, lie estimates, amounted  to 8400 tons. That: would be in the heighbor-  hood of $250,000,000. This vast amount of silver  was found with 1,100,08-1: tons of lead. The lead  and the silver together were worth $800,000,000.  In the palmy'days of Grreece these mines gave  work to 15,000 laborers, almost exclusively  slaves. No fewer than 3000 worked under  ground at one time. Today the earthen lamps,  water jars and picks are found in the narrow  passa.ges where they were thrown down 2400  years ago. Slave labor was cheap enough. A  man worked his own slaves or he hired, from  other owners. For those he hired he paid an  . obol a. day. This was 55 drachmas a year. A  drachma is about 20 cents. So the cost of hiring  a slave for 12 months was about $11. Slaves  could be bought outright jn Athens for from $9  upward. Nicias, the Grecian general, had 1000  slaves hired out in the '"''mines of Laurium.  Nicias was the pious old general who sacrificed  the flower.of the Greek army,to. the changes of  the moon before the walls' (if Syracuse. ^ And  afterward tlie survivors of his army rotted as  prisoners in the Sicilian Stone quarries..'  There came a time when the thousands of  slaves in these mines of Laurium revolted  against their cidtured.masters. Thucydides tells  how 20,000 of them escaped and fled to the Spartan camp during the Peioponnesian war. The  modern appliances for mining were unknown in  those days. There was neither blasting or hoisting. These enormous masses of ore were chipped down and then carried out in goat skins on  slaves' backs. The dangerous character of the  work was shown in the contracts for labor.  YVhen an owner leased out his slaves for work in  these mines he stipulated, not tliat the slaves  should be returned safe and sound at the expiration of the contract, but that the same number should be forthcoming.  Two thousand ancient shafts are found. They  have connecting galleries underground. These  galleries open info chambers 30 feet high and  .150 feet wide. The mines, belonged to the state.  Citizens obtained leases under which they were  allowed to work. These leases could be'transferred or could be willed like other property.  ���������For his lease; the lessee gave up to the state'one  twenty-fourth of the output. The revenue thus  derived was distributee! to the citizens. It  amounted to about $1.95 a year to each Athenian. But Themistocles induced his people to  suspend the per capita, dividend and to vote the  money for a navy. With that navy the Persians were beaten at Salmis and Greece was saved.  Upon this victory and its results, supplemented  by the continued product of the 'mines of Laurium, Athenian supremacy was developed. The  silver question in ancient Greece, was a greater  issue than free coinage is today in the United  States. Mining was carried on at Laurium  under Scartan, Theban, and Macedonian supremacy, and even into Roman times. Then  came a period of centuries during which the  mines were abandoned. But now a new harvest  is beieg gleaned. The slag and refuse are being  washed over according to modern methods.  New mineral is being taken out from galleries  and cham hers adjacent to those which were  worked 20 or 30 centuries ago.  The. BCecoiils of Two Famous Ocean BSaccrs Compare*!.  The statistics of-steamers running during the  year 4890 have now been made up, and as the  steaming simultaneously of the City of New  -York'and the Teutonic has been closely watched,  and much comment passed, if may be interesting to point out that each of these two steamers  have crossed the Atlantic 16 times���������8 times west  and 8 times east���������in the months -from May to  December. The average time shown by the  Teutonic's logs is 6 davs 6 hours 5 minutes, arid  by the Citv of New York's 6 davs 4 hours 55  minutes. The average distance run by the Teutonic on the 16 voyages is 2821 knots, and by the  City of New York 2820 knots.; Popular-interest,  excited in the speed of the two racers reached  its height last summer, and will probably continue in the summer of 1891. Both ���������steamers  will start out. with practically equal records, the  advantage, if any, being slightly in. favor .of the  City of New York.  In her first voyage, made in August, 1889, the  ���������Teutonic ran the quickest westward voyage  ���������across the Atlantic ever made1 by an entirely  new vessel, occupying 6 days 14 hours and 20  ���������minutes. Her great rival, the City of New  York, running at the same time,, did-'rather'better, going 10 miles farther and occupying 20  minutes less time. The weather was somewhat  'rough and both vessels were slowed down at  times. Going back the City of New York occupied 6.'days 3 hours and 18 minutes, while the  Teutonic was 6 days and 16 hours. In November of the same year the City of Paris crossed  from New York in 5 days 22 hours and 57 minutes, the quickest passage then made. The Teutonic continued to sail on the same day as the  City of New York, and, after being fitted with  new   propellers, made a. trip  in 6 days 6 hours  and   29   minutes.     In  August   of  last   year  tin  Teutonic is said to have made the fastest transatlantic run ever recorded, having accomplished  the voyage from Rock's Post to Sandy Hook in  5 days 1(5 hours and 5 minutes. This is 8 minutes less time than was occupied by the City of  Paris in making the trip-across in the previous  August.   An Obetliv.nl  BBusl>an<l.  One of  the boys:    "Did   your wife listen to  your excuses for staying out so late last night?"  Married man:    "Oh, yes; she listened to me,  and then���������"  "Then what?"  "I listened to her."  BSBMTTJMi;  - AVB'IABONIAL    SBLVBUC.  To the Editor of The  Miner:    1. suppose  we ought to feel grateful to The Miner for- the  attempts it made last week to enlighten us as to  the nature of "brittle antimonial silver,"   but,  for my own part,  I can only sympathise with  the paper for having incurred great trouble and  no little expense in securing the information  which itga.veus. At the outset, I must decline  to recognize any relationship whatever between  The Miner's bylreaderite and my dyserasite, or  an ti in on ial sil ver. The latter m i neral has been  known for at least 20 years; .it.can be fused in  the flame of a candle; it possesses a silver-white  color,; a sil ver-white streak, a basal cleavage,  and a hardness of 3.5 to 4. , Its specific gi avtty  varies from 9.6 to 10, and its percentage of silver  from 77 to 85. Bylreaderite, on the other hand,  is not even known to exist, and, therefore, can  possesss no known properties, although The  Miner gave us a whole string of them. Coming  to the analysis, which cost The Miner so much,  the presence of 9.5 per cent of N (nitrogen) requires explanation. What business has N,  especially in such, large quantities, in a, mineral  analysis? Regarding the mode of occurrence of  this unknown bylreaderite, I will say nothing,  save thai prospectors,'as a rule, do not know  much about euphotide.  Coming to the last sentence, much might be  said concerning the "many thousand tons of  brongniardite," etc., but 1 do not consider it my  business to do so; I will only draw attention to  .the''-fact, that, in the last line, we are told the  bylreaderite goes from $8000 to $17,500���������the latter being apparently the maximum. Now, the  analysis, already referred to, gives 64.9 per cent  of silver, which is the same thing as 18,928.7  ounces of silver' per ton. Now, 18,928.7 less  17,500 leaves a (inference of 1428.7 ounces���������a.  small difference, of course, but still worthy of  notice.  In conclusion, I would say that I have not  failed to notice the remarkable resemblance between tlie name bylreaderite and the name of  our feliow-fownsmau, mr. "Bill" Reade. Is this  resemblance accidental or intentional?  Geo: E. R. Ellis: M.E: F.C.S.  Nelson, February 25th.  [The analysis made for The Miner proved  that the ore which mr. Ellis claims is not known  to exist is a. combination of " brittle silver" and  "antimonial silver," hence the name "brittle  antimonial silver." Mr. Ellis would have the  renders; of his letters believe, that because he  has no knowlege of brittle antimonal silver, it  does not exist; yet he admits that antimonial  silver was first discovered about 20 years ago.  Does mr. Ellis wish to be classed among those  who believe that the combinations of ore are'all  known and described in the text-books of the  mineralogists? Brittle antimonial silver is not  the only surprise in store for the expert that will  closely study the ore bodies of Toad Mountain  district.���������Editor Miner.]  Tlie IScst Way to &eC aw  Bidibcation.  The best education in the'"world is that got by  struggling to get a living.  a?*;*  . T^'Y^Y-1 A   "rf*-i   ������'"l   l'���������"w'W"**'*'������������������'���������"-������������������el*-  "���������""'?������������������ !���������   i   '- ���������������*   ""���������������������������     *��������������� *** ������������������ *    ������������������-��������� i���������i ���������!-"���������- iff *������!*������������������.��������� >���������!������    wr  ���������. ������     ******** ������ THE  MIlfEfi,:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   MAEOH  7,   1891.  DO NOT USE POOR MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  are for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON  S1WM:  j������j  CO.  Yard :   At end  of ,B<Tc:me iii   ft'eison.  Mill:   Two  illlies, S������uth  oi" fteison.  Builders concede that the  lumber from our, mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.    Parties ordering any of the above  p       material from us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in   any  part of Nelson.  WOOD   AMD  .STOVE-  cut and run down the lumber fiiime, and sold  at low prices.    ,    '   ' <f  M,  S. ' DAVYS,   . ':J.   W.   TOSLSON,  '���������   MANAGERS.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Lumber- good/bad, and indifferent ��������� on  hand or made to order.  &. 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January 15th.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on Lime.  -.SEASONED   LUMBER'-  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc..'  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  J. A. Melville, architect.  R. J. Hilts,, carpenter  CONTBAOTfM  AND  BUILDERS.  Plans, specifications, and estimates furnished on all  classes of buildings. Stair building. Store and otlice fittings a specialty. Call at, or address in care of. Nelson  house, NELSON, B. C.  will do all kinds of  CLEARING AND CONTRACT WORK  in and about  Estimates given on work.  Postofiice address, Nelson.  "T* J  THE  'MECHANICS?    hi EN  ' ES13JL.  To the Editor of The Miner : The above  bill, to which reference is made in your last  issue, will not, if enacted j be a .new law. It  differs from the act of the same name now oh  the statute book chiefly in this, that it excludes  entirely from its benefits the people who furnish  material. The present act gives to all laborers  a preferential lien for 30 days wages, and the  right after that to share pro rata with the material men. There is no particular reason why  a laborer should not collect, his wages from any  employer of whose solvency he is not assured  after he has worked a,full month.    If he chooses.  to  leave   his  earnings  in  the hands of his em  ployer, he becomes -thereby a kind of capitalist,  and can scarcely be held to need the special  guardianship of the law.  The spectacle of a gang of ca.rpenters, who had  allowed their boss to retain for o inonths their  wages on his hands, hopping with their liens  upon a. carload, of lime and bricks just delivered  upon the premises, and dividing the proceeds of  an auction sale of the same among themselves,  while the dealer in lime and bricks stood helplessly by, 'deprived of the right to share in any  way in the plunder, would make an effective  cartoon. The dealer in lime and bricks, if allowed  to express himself dogmatically, would probably  say "that such an act was a bad one and should  not have become law."    '  Section 9 of the new act���������requiring the filing  with the government agent of full particulars  of any undertaking involving1 an expenditure  of ,4)500 or upwards���������is a novelty which, unless  enforced by heavy penalty, will be seldom observed.   .'-..'���������.. G. O. Buchanan.  Kootenay Lake Sawmill, March 2nd.  A   Way Out of the - BHfiiciiLty.  Governor Russell of Massachusetts has undertaken to solve the problem of issue and use of  railroad passes by jDublic , servants in the bay  state. The governor recoriimends to tlie legislature the passage of a law compelling all railroads doing business in that state, to issue passes  to the members of the legislature, good for their'  -.respective terms of office. He argues and not  without 'reason,, that efforts to prevent the giving of passes by the railroads to public officials  have proved unsatisfactory, and that the enforcement of such laws is little short of an impossibility. Governor Russell thinks thai" such  ���������laws -would only compel the railroad com pan ies  to do publicly what they now do half secretly,  and that the compulsory issue of the passes  would at once remove the cause of complaint  against the practice and effect of secret understandings or implied favors. The right of eminent domain now forces unwilling.landowners  to grant, through condemnation proceedings,  theright-of-way through their lands to railroad  companies. In return it would be small justice  to compel those common-carriers to furnish free  transportation as of right to the public servants  of the people. Governor' Russell's position is  novel, and it is meritorious.  ���������Why Women  arc   *&n������c3i -Kneed.  You cant get a woman to turn out   her toes.  Women toe. in or they set the feet straight, parallel with the direction   in 'which' they are walking.    A woman who   toes  out-properly,  that is  at an angle of 60 degrees, is many times rarer  than a white crow. The'habitual turning in of  the toes era nips the pelvis and tends to knock-  kneedness, and by what is it caused? By skirt  wearing, by the constant, gentle pressure of  draperies against the limbs. All motion tends  to take tlie direction of least resistance, and,  without the constant intervention of the will,  the feet are influenced insensibly by t he.skirt's  touch; they form tlie habit of turning away  from it, so planting themselves that it will not  interfere; with them, that is, toeing in.  A Utenl Aitnxii Man.  A milkman, says the Detroit Free Press, was  driving up Second avenue the other morning,  when a boy halted him, and said:  "See that barrel in the gutter up there? Please  run over it and make it go smash!"  "All right,   bub,"   replied   the. man;   and   he  steered his .bark in that direction, increased the  nace of his nag, and struck the barrel to knock  the tar out of it. But there was no tar there.  It was packed full of sand, and as the wheel  struck, the wagon went over and thirtv gallons  of milk softened up the soil on the pavement.  ���������When^the man could get Out of the wreck he-  looked for the boy, but tlie boy had gone home,  to ask his -mother the meaning of 'the'..name  "hayseed."  WEST   KOOTENAY   DISTBICT.  Notice is hereby given that assessed and provincial revenue taxes for 1 Si)tare now due and payable at my otlice,  ,'Nelson, at the following rates:  Bf paid  on   or  liei'ore  the < .'!4>th -June.,.,  One-half of one   per cent  on  the assessed value  of  real  ^ "estate;      -:' ���������    .  ��������� > . -  One.-Rrird'of- one per cent on   the'?1 assessed value; of personal property;  Seven and one-half cents per acre on wild land. .  Bf j>ai������I on  (ir alicr  the.'1st Juiy.  Two-thirds of one percent on the assessed  value of real  ;    estate;    r  - ,     ".   -,-.      ���������   c.  :   ;  One-half of one per cent on the assessed value, of personal  property;  Eight a,nd one-half cents per acre on wild land.  T. H.G1FFIN, assessor and collector.  Nrelson, February 10th, 1801.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  Notice is hereby given that Richard A. Fry and A. C. Fry  have tiled the neqessary papers, and made application for  a crown grant in favor of the Grizzly Bear mineral claim,  situated at Toad,Mountain, West, lvoot.cnay district-  Adverse claimants, if any. are'requested to forward their  obiections to ine within 60 days from the date of this publication. G: (1 TUNSTALL, :  Revelstoke. January 29th, 1891. Gold commissioner.  Notice is hereby given that Richard A. Fry and A. C. Fry  have tiled the necessary papers and nia.de application for  a crown grant, in,, favor of a mineral claim known as the Silver Queen, situated in the Toad Mountain subdivision;  West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their"  objections to me within (30 days from the date of this publication, ��������� 4"' G. O. TUNSTALL,  Revelstoke, January 29th, 1S91. Gold commissioner.  application' for water right.    ���������-"  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply-.to the honorable chief commissioner of lands'and-works for authority.  to take three hundred inches of water from a, spring of  water now flowing in three branches through my preemption near Nelson, in West Kootenay district, at any point  from its source or throughout my preemption, to be conveyed across the land reserved by the government and my  preemption, to any .portion' of my said preemption or the  town of Nelson, where water will be required for irrigat ion,  manufacturing, milling, and household purposes;- for a ���������  term of ninety-nine vears. J. D. 'i'OVVNLEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890.  APPLICATION   FOR   WATER   RIGHT.  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take one thousand inches of water from Cottonwood  Smith creek, near' Nelson, in West Kootenay district;  commencing at. a point where the said Cottonwood Smith  creek first enters my preemption or at any point .whore it.  Hows through or at its exit from my preemption or there-o  abouts, to be conveyed through the lands reserved by the"  government and .my .preemption to any portion of the said  town of Nelson where water will be required for milling,  'manufacturing, and household purposes for a term of  ninetv-nine vears. J. I). TOWN LEV.  Nelson, October 22nd, l8f)0.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given- that application will be made to  'the parliament of Canada at its next session for an act to  incorporate a company with power, to construct, equip,  operate, and maintain a line of electric telegraph a.nd telephone from Sproats Landing on the Columbia river, in  Kootenay district, to the boundary line of the province of  Rritish Columbia, together with all 'necessary powers,  rights and-privileges.  . Dated at Victoria, B. C, this 12th day of January, 1 SHOT IA RLFS Wl LSONT, solicitor for applicants.  McIntvki-: & Cook, Ottawa agents.  NOTICE.  During my absence from Kootenay, T. "Vincent Thurhurn  of Baker street holds my power-of-attorncy, and JM.r. Saunders of Balfour to act as my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms of the land act.  CHARLES WFSTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 2oth, 1890.  TIMBER   LEASE.  Notice is hereby given, that thirty days after date we intend making application to the chief commissioner of lands  and works for permission to lease for lumbering purposes,  for a"term of twenty-live years, the following-described  tract of-land situate in West Kootenay district, .British  Columbia.: Commencing at a post lOchainssouth of north-"  east corner post of M. S. Ravys's limit ; thence cast 20  chains; thence south 80 chains ; thence east 80chains ;  thence south 80 chains ; thence cast-10 chains ; thence south  100 chains ; thence west 100 chains ; thence north'100 chains :  thence west 20. chains; thence1, north 80 chains'to point of  commencement; and containing 1800 acres, mure or less.  NE.LSON HA \V MILL COJVII 'A N Y,  Rv M. S. Davys and J. W. Tolson.  Nelson, B. C, February 2nd, 1891. THE   MINEE:     KELSON,   B.   O.V SATUEDAY,   MAEOH  7,   1891.  The Miner is, printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  .rates: Three months ������.1.00,'six months $2.50, one year $1.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of ������3 an inch'.(down, the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted, for  lo cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a, line  for each.additional insertion.    Twelve lines of 0 words  -,,' each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less ..period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid, for in advance.' Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Birth Noticks-fkek ie������������������'���������weight oe child is given; te  weight, is not given ������1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from ������1 to ������10���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Letters, to the .'Editor will only appear "'over'-the  '-.'writer's name.    Communications with such signatures  as  "Old  Subscriber,"  "Veritas,"  "Citizen," etc.,  etc.,  ..;.,."*��������� will not be -printed on any consideration.  Job Printing  in  good style at  eair rates.,.'Cards,".'  envelopes, and letter, note, and  account papers kept  in stock.  Address all Letters:  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  choose, so  long as they  ask  no aid   in  land or  money from the province.  KDITORIA-r,    BfcBilMAItflvS.  A charter is being applied for for a railway  ft'oni  Foi't  Sheppard to a point at or near Nelson.    The parties making the application are believed to   be friendly to the Corbin interest in  the Spokane & Northern, and if the charter is  granted and the road built, it will, no doubt, be  operated in connection with mr. Corhin's road.  The  Canadian   Pacific, very naturally; opposes  the granting of the charter, for the reason that,  if the road is built, the business of the Kootenay  Lake country will seek the more natural outlet  to the south, instead of the outlet to the north,  via Revelstoke.     The Canadian Pacific, by long  practice, is an adept at working up public sentiment, audits officials have ordered employees at  the towns along its main line in northern Kootenay  to assemble in   mass   meetings, and pass  resolutions protesting against   the granting  of  charters   to railways that,  if built,   will divert  .trade from the Canadian Pacific.    These resolutions are telegraphed to the coast papers as expressions of the people of the "interior" of British Columbia, whose interests would be jeopardized   by the   building of  railways   to   connect  with  the American systems, taking good care,  however, not to name the "interests" that would  be  jeopardized.    The  only  "interests"   in   that  section of  country are lumbering and mining,  "interests" that  could in  no way be injured by  the  construction of railways through a section  of country 150 miles  to the south.    While the  employees of the Canadian  Pacific have an undoubted right to assemble in mass meeting, and  pass  resolutions   to  their heart's   content,   the  people of tlie towns in which these "mass meetings" are held should not allow these resolutions  to appear as their expressions without a vigorous  protest.    Is it not just a trifle illiberal for the people of  one section of the province to deny the people of  another section adequate railway facilities, and  all the more so when the railways are to be built  entirely without aid from the province? What  would the people of Northern Kootenay say if  the people of Ainsworth and Nelson passed resolutions protesting against tlie granting of charters for railways from Donald or Revelstoke  through adjacent-mineral and timber districts?  If This Miner does not underrate the character  of tin4 people of these towns, they would denounce such action as intermecidlesome, and as  narrow-minded as intermeddlesome. And they  would be right.    The people of Nelson are not blind to the fact  that the promoters of the Nelson ���������&, Fort Sheppard railway are unfriendly to their town, and  would, if they could, build up a rival town; yet  they can see no good reason to deny these capitalists the right  to   build railways  where they  The organization of a miners' union at Nelson  will result in good, in that it will have a tendency to attract skilled miners to the lake coun-  trv, to sav nothing of the influence it will exert  in keeping wages at a fair rate. No towns are  more prosperous than those in which labor is  well paid, and there is but one way by which to  secure that end,���������that is by organization. The  m in ers at Ai ns w o r th shoul d������ta k e p ro nip t act ion,  for it is in their -.camp that the "l-will-run-my-  business-to-suit-myself" mine owners is .likely to  first appear. _____  If Canada goes to  the devil in the next few  yeai's, as the result of,bad government, no share  of  the blame can   attach to the  people of  the  lake  country, for  the  good   reason   that  they  were not allowed to take any part wha.tever in  the election on  the 5th  instant.    They did not  even   know   whether   mr.  Mara   was   returned  unopposed     or     compelled     to     contest     the  election.    In   all   that  portion   of   British   Columbia known as "Kootenay" but 2 polling districts were designated by return ing officer Frederick   Hussey  of   Kamloops,   namely,   "Polling  "district  No.   15,   bounded  as  follows:     Gom-  " mencing  at tlie   northeast corner of  Priest's  " Valley division; thence  east to "117th  degree  "of longitude,, near the  upper Kootenay lake;  " thence north along the 117th degree of longi-  " tude to its intersection with the eastern boun-  ���������'.' dary of the province; thence in a northwest-'  " erly direction along said boundary line to the  " northeastern   corner   of    Kootenay   district;  " thence westerly and southerly along the west-  " ern boundary of Kootenay district to the point  " of coimnencement.    Polling place, the"! court--  "house,  Donald.    And polling district No. 10,  " hounded as follows:   All that portion of Koot-  " enay   district   not included   within the boun-  " claries of the upper Kootenay division.    Poll-  " ing place, the government office, Nelson."    If  mr,  Hussey  is   responsible for  the creation   of  these two  districts,  he should  never again   be  given   a   chance   to   disfranchise  the   electors  of  Kootenay.    If  mr.   Mara  is responsible  for  their creation, he is unfit to represent a free people in parliament. Asp>roof that these strictures  are based on facts,  the provincial government  has divided "Kootenay" into 16 polling districts,  with polling places at McCullough's Creek, Revelstoke,   lllecillewaet,    Glacier   House,   Rogers  Pass,  Beaver, Donald,  Golden,  Field,   Winder-  m ere, A vT i 1 d IT o rs e C re e k, C ran b rop k, K o o t e n a y  Lake   Custom-house,   Ainsworth,   Nelson,   and  Sproat.    Within the boundaries of the districts  as designated by mr. Hussey, the voters of the  Big Bend country, of Revelstoke, of lllecillewaet,  of Glacier House, of Rogers Pass, and of Donald  are required to cast the'i r vot es at "the court-house  in Donald,"and the votersof Golden, Field, Wind-  eremere, Wild Horse Creek, Gran brook, Kootenay  Bake   Custom-house,   Ainsworth,  Sproat,  and  Nelson  at  "the government  office in Nelson."    Was  ever   the   electors   of  a,  district so  brazenly disfranchised?  Query: if tlie 451 voters of Kootenay count y  are entitled to but 2 polling places, why is it  that the 050 voters of Yale are entitled to 14  polling places? Mr. Hussey and mr. Mara can,  no doubt, answer the question.    Will they?  A reader of The Miner at Donald writes,  under date of February 15th: "The Dominion  " election is now on. Curiously, the Conserva-  " tj.ve platform on the question of reciprocity is  " exactly   as  advocated   by you���������restricted   re-  " eiprocity���������and I for one am heartily in accord  "with it.    I doht suppose nir. Mara will be op-  " posed.    I do not know anyone who can do so  " successfully; - any    ordinary    man    will    be  "snowed under,  if the tries at, this late day to  " do so.    Besides, taking all into consideration,  " mr. Mara,  has   not  done  badly   for   the  con-  " stituenoy asa whole ; and he can, if re-elected,  " do a great deal '-more,  now that the require-  " incuts of the .'country are being understood."  We agree with the writer of the above, that the  time was too limited to successfully oppose mr.  Mara's candida.cv; but we have grave doubts of  mr. Mara's willingness to do much for the Kootenay half of tlie -district,- merely from the fact of  his neglect to provide its people with either adequate mail facilities or polling places at which to  deposit   their   votes.     His   neglect   proves   him  either an incompetent or a trickster. Surely there  ca.n be fc> u'ri d a m an i n. t he'd is t rict that is neit h e r.  The rank and file of the Democratic party in  the United States are, to say the least, inconsistent. They are clamorous for the passage of  a free coinage bill, and equally clamorous for  making Grover CIeveland thei r presi'de'ntial can-  didale in 1892���������a man who would be sure to veto  a free coinage bill, if one was passed during his  termofoffi.ee. c    .-  Word comes from Victoria that The Miner's  scheme of re-dividing East and West Kootenay  ���������:iuto'two districts, to be known as North Kootenay and South Kootenay, is not favorably received, for the reason that it is not satisfactory  to the people of Fort Steele and Cranbrook. No  better argument could be used for re-division  than the opposition of the people who hang to  colonel Baker's coat tails. They are the men  who, at the last election, would support colonel  Baker on one condition only. That condition  could only be complied with by robbing the  southern half of West Kootenay. It is needless  to say that the southern half of West Kootenay  was robbed.   If Kootenav was re-divided on the lines sug-  gested  by The Miner, the result would be".two-  compact districts.    North Kootenay would embrace all the territory north of the fiftieth parallel, and. South  Kootenay   all the  territory between the fiftieth parallel and the international  boundary line.    The population of North Kootenay is, with tlie exception of a dozen miners in  the Big Bend country and the miners and ranch-  ers between   Windermere  and   Golden,   in'  the ���������  towns   along the line of the Canadian  Pacific.  Donald would   be the center of the district.    To  reach   Donald, no one  in the district  would be  compelled  to  travel  more   than   150 miles, and  but few that distance.    The population of South  Kootenay is, with   the exception of the settlers  between Fairmont Springs and Tobacco Plains,  centered in the mining camps around Kootenay  lake.    The population of South Kootenay is in  the neighborhood of 1000, of which full v. 000 live  within 75 miles of Nelson.    Yet these 900 will be  compelled to travel from 150 to 250 miles to Revelstoke,   merely   because  the  100 over  at  Fort  Steele and Cran brook object to being compelled  to travel 150 miles to Nelson.   Of course, at present, the tail wags the dog, but the day is not far  distant when the dog will wag the tail.  The Miner cannot understand how the debts  of the United States, amounting to the enormous total of $5,000,000,000, can be paid in gold,  when the total amount of gold in the country is less than $500,000,000. Yet thousands of  well-meaning people in the United States argue  that the business of that country would be dis-  m  mm  wm  wm  __$  mam*  mm  MM  ���������BffiE������S_8������S3_5*_^5^^  *S-������es43Kffl_r  3SiS2iSfSJ!!S?35  ;&t_n\K^_t&fflfe^__^_('y]rau_^  H3&lt.9JHBHHMUl.t  ^^^^^^^!^^^^s^s^i^^<siwm^^sssm  mssr  tA...������j'_ ,X rt..e  iI\!si.-:__'?. _la THE  MINEE,:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,  MAEOH  7,   1891.  Dealers In Dry; Goods, G-rooeries, Provisions, Canned G-oods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is Ml and comr)lete in every Department, and- the mibtic will iM  ...-.'������������������-.'���������,: v and compare Prices. ' , ,  ain Street, REVELSTOIE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  organized, if not absolutely ruined, should silver  be placed on an equality with gold as money.  Somehow or other, the business of that, country  did not .'seem, to be demoralized to any great extent in August and September last, when silver  was worth from 15 to 20 cents an ounce more  .than it is today. _____  Fully two-thirds of the business that will come  before the gold com m issi'oner of West Kootenay  district will originate in the mining camps on  Kootenay lake. If so, is it fair to compel mine  Owners to travel from 150 to 250 miles to'.'transact.', business with a gold commissioner at -Re v el-  stoke? Either a gold commissioner should be  appointed for the southern half of the district  or the present official be ordered to locate his office so as to accommodate the greatest number of  taxpayers. _____  Until Revelstoke is made a polling, place for  Dominion elections, The Miner must decline to  enter into any controversy with the Star as to  the relative commercial importance of. Nelson  and Revelstoke.     .   The  Revelstoke  Star   is   "forninst"  granting  charters  for  railways   in   the   Kootenay  Lake  country, and one of its strong arguments is that  all ore in the province should be smelted at Revelstoke, because "the smelter was built here that  " the ores from the various mining camps in the  "province might be successfully treated."   The  Miner disagrees with   the  Star.    The   smelter  was  built at Revelstoke because its promoters  had "valuable mines in the Big Rend country,"  and because "the sale of  town   lots   [from   the  " land granted the promoters by the Dominion  ���������'*' government] would  realize the company over  " $200,000���������more than enoughto erect tlie plant."  If the Star would know the reasons-that induced  the 'Kootenay  Smelting &  Trading   Company,  Limited, to erect a. smelter at Revelstoke, it had  better   hunt  up the first prospectus   issued  by  the promoters-of that company.     In   time, the.  smelter at Revelstoke will  be  blown in and run  continuously, but the time will  not be hastened  by attempts  to  deprive, the people.of t'be Kootenay   Lake,  country of--railway facilities ' to  the  south. ���������    ���������      ._ .  The business "interests1' of the men in the  "interior" who oppose the granting of charters  for railways in southern' Kootenay will, no-  doubt, suffer if the charters a. e granted. John  Hamilton, agent of the Canadian Pacific at  Revelstoke, would be compelled to work for less  wages, because of the smaller amount of business   transacted   at   his   station;   Frederick    E.  Ilobbs, the Canadian Pacific's locomotive foreman at Donald, would be out of a job .���������altogether,  for in order to make both ends meet the company would be compelled to "lay-off", all super-  flous help; and Arthur Gr. M. Spragge, all-round  legal adviser for the C. P. R. at Golden, would,  in the general wreck and ruin, lose his en tire  yearly income"���������a deadhead pass over the Pacific division. It would be a burning shame if  the "interests" of these men of the great "interior" were sacrificed to the insatiable greed of  the free miners of southern Kootenay.  In replying to the statement 'made by The  Miner, that the provincial government was  partial in the distribution of its advertising  patronage, the Kootenay Star says "the Don-  " aid Truth was never looked upon as a hews-  " paper at all, or a journal representative of  " Kootenay, but the vile production of a journ-  " alistic pole cat, not fit to be read, in the home *  " circle or for general circulation." That is  rather hard on the 400 and odd subscribers that  Truth had along the line of the Canadian Pacific, ,  many of them the husbands and brothers of  good and pure women. Evidently the new editor  of the Star is not admitted in the homes of  respectable people at Revelstoke and Donald,  hence his scurrilous and ill-natured remarks.  "<������ive bis IJK>eriy, or Hive ris E&esiAh !���������"  The Kootenay Lake country is not without  orators, as the following extract from a speech  made at a, mass meeting at Nelson on Saturday  night will show: "The tocsin is being sounded  throughout the rugged mountains, of southern  Kootenay for a call to arms ! The free miners  are at last awakened to the fact that an attempt  is being made to wrest the dearest right of men  from   them:   the  right    of   freemen   to  have a  say in the management of their own affairs!  Base and unscrupulous hirelings of tliat grabbing  monopoly, the Canadian Pacific, have been holding packed meetings in the railroad towns and  demanding that the legislative assembly denv  us the right to build railways through our own  countrv with our own money! Wis have1, borne  with many vexatious and oppressive acts in the*  past! Shall we continue passive, or shall we become actors? I for one am in favor of raising  the slogan, "Give us liberty, or give us dealh!"  so that it can be heard from the summits of the  jagged snow-clad peaks of the Rockies to the  ocean-laved shores of Vancouver Island! Let it  not be said that the folds of the cross of St.  George waves over cowards! Free- miners,  whether'from the rugged mountain side or the,  smiling plain, rally and assert your rights !  Free niilroad charters, or the result be on the  heads of our oppressors!" We'll run that man  for parliament one of these days���������when there's  more polling places in Kootenay district.  The undersigned is prepared to do operative  dentistry at his otlice, on Stanley street, from ,  2 to 4 P.  M.   (Sundays excepted).     All   work  guaranteed for one year.   Terms strictly cash.  ' ' ' ��������� ;  E.G. ARTHUR, A.M., M. D.  Nelson, IB. C, February 27th, 1891.  TUBS    SIM���������E    IS    -EE'SEKVIHU   -JPOR  DRUGGIST.  a  _3 &������__!  E_5_  ������___  Main Street, Uevolstokc, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DBUGS,   PATENT   MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  "drug stores.  CIGARS    AT    WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  carry large linos of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bod-room sets ranging in  price from ������0.50 to ������500. Hotels furnished throughout. OMi.cc and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will rceeiveearly and careful attention.  Agents for Lvans Bros..pianos and Doherty organs.  MAIN STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  18  _j_!  I have discontinued selling lots in Balfour for the winter  months. This will give an opportunity for holders to improve, ihe shining hours of'winter by selling to their friend*  outside.  Balfour, \i. ('.,  CI IA PL PS \ V PST L V B U S Iv.  :<iv('inbcr'2;������!li, hSMO.  The undersigned will sell an undivided one-lifth interest  (120 -feet:) in the Ivanhoo mining claim, situate on Hail  creek, 1(5 miles from  Nelson. "       JOHN HOUSTON.  Nelson, B. (/,., Pebruary 2Sth, ISM.  Will purchase lot :-' in block It (the lot is between dr.  Arthur's drug store 'and mr. PIlis's assay olliee). Terms:  $105 cash ;. balance, October 15th, 1S91. Apply to Houston,  Ink & Allan, 11 Past. Baker street.  &1S������3F������^^  ffiflBSSEraS^^  kssfkssjfs  i THEf MI_TEE: >  NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,   MAEOH   7,   1891.  IIOW'.;-TO.'  GET- -I������.KIL\K'   FOR    FOWKPENCE.  Dr. Norman  Kerr .contributes-an interesting'  article to an English review upon the growth of  ether drinking in  the north of  Ireland.    More  than 2 tons of ether are' carried every year-' on  the railways in one district of the north of Ireland.    The  headquarters  of  ether   drinking  is  Draporstown.    A population of a hundred thousand persons is inore (H-iess etheronuiniac.   ,Gn  market and fail* days, wherever there is a: crowd,  ���������'���������the atmosphere .reeks with tlie fumes of ether.  Dr. Kerr says that the  smell', is overpowering,  nauseating,   and   loathsome.    Persons  of   both  sexes and of all ages have become slaves to this  degrading   and    intractable   disease.     Women  drink as inuch as men. One great advantage of  ether fI'oin the point of view of the etheroniania,e  is this: yoii can get drunk and get; sober again  so lunch more rapidly. ������ ^  ..-..The-drinker, of ether can become intoxicated  and regain sobriety before the drinker of alcohol  **-��������������������������� ���������    .        ���������/ -,,  has really become"properly intoxicated. I have  known an alcohol ist get thoroughly drunk twice  in 24 hours, though this rarely-'happens; but the;,  educated etherist can, at a pinch, get drunk and  sober again six times in tlie same space of time.  I have seen a man sober as a jiidge at noon,  offensively drunk on,ether in 25.'minutes, and as  sober as before by a- quarter past 1 o'clock. The  phases of an ether outbreakTi-an all be exhibited  l in even less time. The rapidity with which the  phenomena pass -before, the vision is truly astounding. The inexperienced can be drunk and  sober again before he has any idea of being  drunk.  At first it seems to produce'very little serious  effect, but if persisted in it brings on premature  old age, and many disorders. Chronic and dis-  ti-essing infiammation of the s'toniach, impair-  . merit of the digestive functions, trembling inel-  ancholy, and suspicious, lividity, coldness, and  intermittent pulse, with persistent wasting, have  not infrequently been the penalties paid-"by the  excessive ether-taker. Di*. Kerr says he has seen  an etheromaniac at 4-1 a wizened, bent, decrepit  old man. There have already been nearly a  dozen fatal cases, perhaps;'more. The most terrible influence, of ether indulgence is, however,  on the, morale.. The ether* inebriate, with a morbid and ever-growing craving for larger doses of  the deadly drug, which he hates but must devour, sinks into a loathsomeness of falsehood,  deceit, and cunning.  You can get drunk with ether for fourpence,  but when you are a seasoned vessel it costs you  as much as a shilling. Dr. Kerr proposes that  na.ptha should be added to ether as it is now  added, to   methylated   spirits  'from   which   the  . ether is extracted. He would abolish the retail  trade in ether and confine the sale to druggists,  who would be compelled to register the name  and-address of the purchaser, and the object'for  which the ether is applied. In every other way  he would do his utmost to stamp out the nefarious and pestiferous traffic. ������  S������eiB������arlia!5>Je  ifBcmorivs.  There was a Gorsican boy who could rehearse  40,000 words, whether sense or nonsense, as they  were dictated, and then repeat'them in there-  versed", order' without making a single mistake.  A physician about 6*0 years ago could repeat the  whole of "Paradise Lost," without a mistake,  although lie had not read it for 20 years. Euler,  the great mathematician, -when lie became  blind, could repeat the whole of Virgil's _3_neid,  and could remember the first line and the. last  line in every page of the particular edition  which he had been accustomed to read before he  became blind. One kind of retentive memory  may be considered as the result of sheer workra  determination: towards one particular achievement without .-'reference, either to cultivation or  to memory on other subjects. This is frequently  shown by persons in humble life in regard to  the Bible. An .old beggar man at Stirling,  Scotland, known 50 years ago as "Blind Alick,"  afforded an .instance of this. Tie knew tlie  whole of the Bible by heart, insomuch that if a,  sentence was read to him lie could name the  book, chapter*, and verse; or if the book, chapter,  and verse were named, he could give the exact  words. A. gentleman, to test him, repeated a  verse, purposely making one verbal inaccuracy.  Alick hesitated, named the place where the  passage was t<) be fonnd, but at .t he same tirne  pointed -out the verbal error. The same .person  asked him to repeat the 90th verse of the 7th  chapter of the Book of Numbers. Alick almost  instantly replied, "There is no such verse. That  chapter has only 89 verses." Gassendi had acquired by heart 6000 Latin verses, and in order  to give his memory exercise he was in the habit  daily of reciting 600 verses from different languages.- <������������������..-       '"   ;v' '���������       ,       ���������;-'���������  '..  ���������;..   .'.,."..'  --Rot'Ejulirciy'-Satisfied.  "Goin' fur, mister?"  'The .question was asked by a long-nosed, thin-  lipped man, with pointed chin whiskers, ������a  slouched hat, and a hungry expression of countenance. ' He was resting his elbows on the seat  in front, of him,-which seat was occupied by a  passenger in a gray check suit.  The passenger addressed turned partly around,  took a. look at his questioner, and sized him,up.  at once. ���������  "Yes, I  am  going  to'1-Nashville," he replied,  "down in Tennessee. Mv business .there is to  sell 4 shares of bank stock, dispose of my-interest  in a farm of 80 acres 10 miles from the city and  invest the proceeds in a clothing establishment  on North Cherry street. Iain from Beardstown,  ,Cas_: county, Illinois. I got on the train .there  at. 9:35 this-'morning. It was 45 minutes behind  time. My ticket, cost rue $11.65. I shall take  the sleeper when the sun goes clown. Had my  dinner about an hour ago. Paid 75 cents for it.  This cigar cost me 10, cents. I have been a  smoker for about 13 years. My name is  Chauncev McConnell. I am 39 vears old, have  a wife and 4 children; came originally ..from  Ha.rrodsburg, Kentucky, and am a member of  the Cong'r.egatip nal ���������.' chu reh. I was formerly a  druggist, but sold out to a man named Tread-  way, and I am not in any business now. I am  worth perhaps $10,000. My father was a cooper  and my grandfather was a sea captain. My  wife's name, was Garr before I married her.  Her father was a surveyor. That's all I know  about her family. We Jive in a 2-stoi*y frame  house, and the children have all had the mumps,  chickenpox, and measles. When I reach Nash- ,  ville I expect to stop at the Maxwell house.  He stopped. The long-nosed man regarded  him a moment with interest, and then asked, in  a querulous, dissatisfied way, "What did��������� yer  great-grandfather do fur a livin'?"  A 'Schoolgirl's' Essay'on ' I>rea������������s.  The. following  essay, or  composition, is   the  effusion of a little girl in attendance at a poor  school at the East End, London.     The subject  for composition was "Dreams:"  "Dreams  are  those  queer short tales'which  eoine into your head when you are asleep.    The  boys   have  them   as   well as ��������� girls and women.  They are not true.    If you have had a. good supper, they  are  rather  longer  and  not quite so  true.    Meat or fried fish makes them very long.  When you have no supper at all, you either do  not dream, or  else vou  cant   remember them.  We genelly dream some dreams over and over  again.    I have two short dreams which I have  had a many times,  but  my brother  has   more  which   he  can   remember, and   my mother has  one nightmare, she says.    I do not know why  my father never says he has any dreams, except  it is because they are so.long he hasn't the time  to remember them.    I often dream  that I am a  baby,  and that my .mother  is   tyetying me up  and clown in  her arms, and singing chicachielc  chuck    to, me.     Then   I   always    say,   'Why,  mother, hark!   that's the school   bell   ringing!''  and   she  always  says,  'So   it  is,   chuck   off   to  school with you quick!  I forgot as you wasn't a  baby.'    That is all I dreamt about that dream.  The'-other is about dreaming, I am   one  of mr.  Mason's pretty pigions.    I sing chicachick, and  then I fly on to mr. Mason's pigiou house slates.  As soon  as I am  nicely up there, and looking  down over, 1 turn  into a girl again.   'Then  my  mother  always   gets   m'r.^Mason's   ladder,   and  fetches'me down, and smacks me on the arms  for climing up.    Them  slaps always  seems   to  stop  my  dreaming, else  to wake   me up.    My  brother says he is''always on at dreaming that  the   poleceman   is   always   taking   him   to   the  station, and lie never can wake till they are just  marching him up the steps to the inside."  ../.NELSO^  Will  contract to deliver fresh meat at railroad camps,'-  mines, and all towns on Kootenay lake.  IDT_r__^I_STC3-    _____::__   "WHSTTEE  (having   the   contract   to   carry    her    majesty's   mails)  , SADDLE AND  PACE ANIMALS,  for the convenience of travelers, will be kept on the trail  ; between Nelson and Marcus.  EX PRESS    PACKAGES  promptly forwarded from Marcus to Little Dalles, Trail  Creek, Sproat" Nelson, Balfour, and Ainsworth.  R'RAL.'ANP STABLi  also, job wagons and saddle animals.  OfTICE AND MAEXET:  ian  ai  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick 'despatch and lowest freight rates   ���������  Kootenay Lake Sfai|*i>ers will be consulting   their   own   interests  ,  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  STEALER   "LYTTON"  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  VA_TC0UVEE, g /-Montreal,  NEW WESTMMSTEE, o\ stZE_p2xj?_?3  VICT0EIA,  Sj loiE3_������0.__-GrCX  AND   ALL POINTS  EAST.  For rates, 'maps,   time-tables,   etc..   etc.,  apply to  any  agent of the company. \v  ROBERT KERR, D.  E.  BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't,. Ass't Gen'l Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouvku, B. C.  DEALERS  IN  GKOCEKIES  AND  SUPPLIES P0E PE0SPE0TOES AND MI_TEES.  BALFOUR,  located as it is at ihe outlet of Kootenay lake, will  ho easily accessible during the winter to all  the mining districts on the lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, li. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on. the river.  m  *>  J4  r **"���������" ���������l's!"  ���������ta___s*  ^   flas*������  p  r  ._������������������*���������  f  \  ^^^.s^^^^^ -THE  MINEE:    _TELSO_T,   B.C,   SATUEDAY?  MAEOH  7,   1891  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B. C.  T.   &   H.   MADDEN  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with  a frontage  towards Kootenay  river, and is  newly  furnished throughout.  ������������������������������������..'������������������������������������' T _3I jEO      T _A. 33 __, DE >  is supplied with everything in  the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience. ' o  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED  WITH   THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B.-C.  ONLY TWO-STOEY HOTEL DT NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country-  A share of transient trade solicited.,  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGABS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  w������  PROPRIETORS  "The  Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District."  LAKEVIEW  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  NS<:_SOft\  D5. ���������.  PROPRIETORS.  Tho reputation  made for this house  by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management,  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  'CI-GA-AI   OF   THE ��������� WOB_IJ&'S   -NEWS..  The leaders of the Liberal party predict that, their, party  will return a majority of 8 members to tlie ..Dominion'' house  from Ontario, 15 from Quebec, and enough from the other  provinces to make a total majority of 32. ,:  Charles Foster of Ohio has been appointed secretary of  the United States treasury, vice VVindom, deceased.  Michael Carroll, superintendent of the Anaconda, mine  at Butte, died on the 21st of February, at the age of 43.  The-bill-making' 8 hours a day's work in -all'mines in the  state was defeated in the Montana house of representatives  by a vote of 30 to 21. r  A disastrous explosion occurred in a coal mine at Spring  ; Hill, Nova Scotia, on tlie 21st of February. The scene of  the explosion was in the immediate 'vicinity of shafts No.  G and 7. Some of the bodies taken out were fearfully mutilated. The dead who were beyond recognition were  identiried by their clothing. Ninety-four bodies had been  recovered at "midnight of the 22nd ; a number of other 'are  still in the pits.   Firedamp was the cause of the explosion.  At San Francisco, on the 20th-of February, Johnnie' Har-  get, better known as "Young Miichell," knocked out  George La Blanche,'���������'"The Marine," in 12 rounds. After tlie  fight the board of directors of the California Athletic club  decided to make no award in the tight, as the circumstances proved that La Blanche threw.'the tight.  A bill has been introduced in both houses of the California legislature to exclude Chinese from the state and compel those who remain to register so that it -may be known  what becomes of them. The bill is said to have the sanction of the federal officials at Washington and has been  passed upon as constitutional by tlie attorney general of  California. ''.".;.  Mr. Powdcrly, grand msster workman of the Knights of  Labor, is a very sick man. He has never rallied from the  attack of acute heart disease which he had a couple of  weeks ago. It is said that at the next meeting of the  Knights of Labor executive committee mr. Powdcrly will  resign bis office and retire to pri va'tc life. He has property  in Scran ton, Pennsylvania, valued at |15,000.  A Paris dispatch says that the German emperor is to  have Bismarck appear before a court martial and state  upon his honor his connection with certain articles reflecting on the government. The spectacle of tho "man bf������  blood and iron" before a court martial, submitting to the  questions of those whom he could once have crushed by a  word, will be a reminder of cardinal Wolsey's fate.  Golden and Railway Connection  South.  To the Editor op The Miner:    As, it was  fp.lt ah erroneous impression of the proceedings  of the meeting- held here on the evening of the  ������ 14th -instant  would   get   abroad,.' another   vyas  called and held at the Queen's hotel on the 16th.  The rneeting was representative and well attended. A petition to colonel Baker, M. P. P.,  was read, requesting him to use his influence to  induce the government to assist and encourage  any corporation, or company, desirous of constructing a railway between Golden and the  boundary line; and to draw the attention of the  government to the fact that any action taken  liable to obstruct railway construction would be  prejudicial to the interests of East Kootenay.  and that what is wanted is a road���������no-matter by  whom built, or from whence it comes, so long as  a good service is obtained throughput the valleys of the upper Columbia and Kootenay rivers.  The following, suggestions were added to the  petition after being passed unanimously by the  meeting, and both'have been signed by every  resident of Golden and vicinity:  1. That a liberal land subsidy should be  offered by the provincial government to any  company, or corporation, desirous of obtaining a  charter to construct a railway between Golden  and the boundary line; but that the lands when  granted shall be open to settlers upon the same  conditions as government land in the district.  2. That survey of line should commence within 6 months from time of granting of charter;  that construction should be commenced not less  than 38-months from time of granting charter;  and that not less than one-third of whole distance should be constructed during third year,  two-thirds by end of fourth year, and that the  whole distance should be completed and equipped by end of fifth year from time of granting  of charter.  3. That the maximum passenger and freight  rates should, be. determined by charter throughout the whole distance or portions thereof.  J. C. Greene, chairman.  Golden, February 201h.  The Monarch- Mine at. B���������e!������I.  On February 7th The Miner printed a, paragraph to the effect that work had been suspended on the Monarch'mine at Field, for the  reason that the ore body had pinched out. Tlie  paragraph was based on statements made The  Miner by a. gentlema.n who had arrived m Nelson directly "from Field. It now appears that  the secretary of the company owning the mine  is much worked up over the report, and charac  terizes it as "absolutely ahd unqualifiedly false?  in every particular'.",-.' He writes The Miner as  follows: ''Our contract with the Revelstoke  smelter is being complied with in every particular. The ore body, instead of pinching Out, is  constantly increasing and is now apparently unlimited, and from low-grade galena carrying a.  large percentage of zinc has developed into carbonate ore carrying-.'.'a higher percentage of  precious metals." If the mine is asdesci-ibed by  the'���������'secretary the paragraph printed in Thk:  Miner will do no harm ; but, on the other hand,  if the mine is as described in the paragraph, the  statements of the secretary will only tend to  bolster up a worthless property.  A  Uucsiioii  and  Its  Answer."  On the 19th of February, rm*. Kellie asked -.the  minister    of    mines    the   following    question:  "Would the government be willing to grant a  land or cash subsidv to assist the establishment  of reduction works at Nelson, or some other  convenient point on Kootenay lake?" In answering the question, inr. Robson said: "It is  t h e p o 1 i cy 'ah (I ea i; n es t d es i r e o f t h ego v e r.n \ i ten t  to promote the erection of such reduction 'works  as will enable our ores to be treated in the province, and any sound and meritorious scheme  having that object in view, and seeking a. subsidy either in land or money, shall receive the  best consideration of the government."  Sir John's-.;-tallying; ���������ry  not Original.  We always  thought sir John  A.  Macdonald  was an original old cuss, but we were mistaken.  His rallving crv in the late short ca.mpaign, "A  .British subject I was born, and a British subject  I will die!" is simply an adaptation: from the  Methodist camp meeting hymn, "lam a Methodist, Methodist, and will be a Methodist till I  die; I was baptised in the Methodist church, and  I live on Methodist pie!" "  A -.Rule that Will Work .lSot.ii ..Ways. ���������  From this time on, the business men of the  Kootenav Lake country will purchase but few  goods in Vancouver', in fact, they have resolved  to boycott the business houses of that city.  This resolve is the direct result of the action of  the Vancouver'board of trade in petitioning the  legislative assembly to grant no charters for  railways in southern Kootenay.  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  SODERBERG  & JOHNSON.  PROPRIETORS.  THE  HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining; splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  E  TABLE  are comfortable in size and       is  acknowledged   tlie  best  newly furnished. in the-mountains.  _?__C__!   _3^__IR  ������u  is stocked  with   the best liquors and  cities  procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  6  TRAIL  CREEK, B. C.  w. it. _������<!&aj B/a^fr^............. iiVEg<i-     ba: _'0rs.  The Gladstone is the best, kept hotel in the Trail Creek  mining district, its proprietor being a caterer of experience.  The table will always be supplied with the best, of everything obtainable. The ;bar is stocked with *boioe liquor*  and cigars, including "Hiram Walker & Sons pure ryu  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  ���������fc 8  THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   MAEOH  7,   1891.  Mam Street,  REVELSTOKE  Railroad Avenue,  SPROAT.  ���������Vv-je_:oxj__]S-__-__j__] ^A-isrx) :e_:iii ___________  Agent for the Samilton Powder Company and-.Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  emon aim  .SMALL    NIJ������������-ETS    OF...'NEWS.  While skating on Monday evening after dark, W. Gesner Allan of The Miner fell, striking the side of his head  on the ice. When picked up he 'was conscious, butfainted  before he could be got to a cabin on the bank of the river.  While the fall produced no apparent''.'fracture or bruise, it  is thought the contusion bursted a vein, causing blood to  coagulate on the brain, as he is unable, to talk rational  more than a minute or two at, a time. He is under the care  of dr. Arthur, who reports his condition slightly improved  today.  A letter from Seattle, Washington, dated February 18th,  states that captain Hay ward was then there,- and that he  expected to make the first trip with the Galena from Bonner's Ferry to Nelson about the 1st of April. The letter  also stated that "several people are here from Colorado  and California, who intend going to Nelson and Ainsworth  as soon as the boats start running, and they are men with  capital, too."  The Hume-Wallace building on West Baker street has  , beerr rented by Johnson .&. Mahoney for a, hotel.    When  riittocl up it will have 10 rooms, and be opened for business  by the first week"in April. :  A -business man of Revelstoke writes The Miner, under  date'of February 16th : "Mr. Keltic came up from. Victoria, on Saturday and called a public meeting io discuss the  needs of this part of the district. The C. P. R. thought it  best to take advantage of Kellie's presence to protest  against a'dnutting*" American railways into Nelson. They  would not have been able to pass their resolution had they  not mustered their employees in full strength. Kellie  spoke strongly against the resolution."  During   the   week ending today  the thermometer has  >   ranged from' 3 degrees on "Monday night to 32 tins afternoon.    The ground is bare in spots at Nelson, but there is  about 10 inches of snow on the bench back of the town..  The salary of the postmaster at Nelson is $30 a year. He  handles 200pou!ids of mail Weekly, sells hundreds of dollars  worth of stamps yearly, and is required to receive and forward thousands of dollars in registered packages���������no less  than 17 of the latter being received in Thursday's mail.  The otlice is considered so unimportant that our people are  required to pay more than half the cost of the service out  of their own pockets. Yet mr. Mara and mr. Fletcher  claim they have done and are doing all that is in their  power to give.tho people Of Nelson an adequate 7nail service.    Their influence, apparently, is not overpowering.  Dan Dunn writes The Miner from Templeton, Q.uebcc,  that the weather is very stormy and rough in that section,  with much snow and signs of more. He says he will start  for the lake co.uniry in time to take the first or second boat  down from Revelstoke.  Another month will see all the rock work finished up on  the Columbia & Kootenay. Grading will be re-commenced  as soon as the frost is out of the ground. The weather has  just been cold enough to require vigorous exercise to keep  warm, hence the rapid progress reported by mr. McCam-  moii, who has charge: of the work.  The ice on the outlet at Nelson was strong enough to bear  up stock on . Wednesday, T. C. Collins crossing a span of  horses to tlie-north side, so as to drive them up to Buchanan's logging camp.  "Dave". Morton, who ran the engine on the construction  train of the Columbia & Kootenay last summer and fall,  writes tliat he does not expect.'to be back in this section  for some months. He is now down in the agricultural district of Surrey, and his posfofiice address is Clover Valley.  PcriUs   oi* $_irfwiii.tcr. Travel.  If   the   members of  the  Vancouver   board of  trade, who.oppose building railways in southern  Kootenay were compelled to make the trip from  Nelson    tn   rail   communications   in -.midwinter  they would have a bettor appreciation.of-the. situation.     R.  S. -Williams, a   mining-   man   from  Minneapolis, could, no   doubt give  them  a  few  .-pointers as to the difficulties to be; overcome and  risks    to    ho   run.      His   experience   came   very,  nearly resulting fatally.     In making the stretch  between   Ward's  crossing of the Kootenay and  Sproat   he   became   bewildered   in   a   blizzardy  snow-storm, and was  nearly frozen to death before reaching shelter at a camp below Sproat at  midnight. At the camp he was cared for by the  prneh who are at work removing obstructions  from the Columbia river, and to them he returns  heartfelt thanks for their many acts of kindness.  Mr*. Williams accompanied Dan McGillivra.y and  Charles Whitehead from Sproat to Spokan e  Falls, making the trip from Sproat to Little  Dalles in a boat, covering the distance by 6p. in.  of the day they left the former place, and reaching Spokane Falls the next day, February 24th.  Favor ���������h;u*tci_Mg  SfcaiJUvays.     c"'  On last Saturday night a mass meeting was  held in Lemon's hall at Nelson to take prompt  action regarding the opposition against granting  charters  for  railwavs  in   southern   Kootenay.  ������/ *j  George'.A. Bigelow  was called to the chair and  William   Hunter  chosen   secretary..,    Speeches  were made strongly denunciatory of what was  terine'd the i n t e r inedd 1 esonieness of  the Ca,na-  diau Pacific employees at Revelstoke and Donald and the narrow-mindedness or cowardly subserviency of the Vancouver board of trade.    It  was clearly shown that the proposed roads-were  needed, not simply because  they would give us  an outlet to the south, but because their  building  would give the  business men of   the coast  towns competitive freight routestothe Kootenay  Lake country.    It  was also made clear that but  a small percentage of the trade of the lake country would go to Spcokane Falls in any case, the  duty on  imported goods  preventing large purchases   in   the American   towns.    One  speaker  said:    '"What we want, and   what we  are  entitled to, is a railway that  will give us communication .with the outside world during the entire year, and not for* 8 months."    "Then," he  continued,  "how   would   the   members   of   the  Vancouver board of trade like to -be compelled  to contribute  more  than   half the cost of  their  mail service, during.4 months in the.-year, a,s we  have this winter, and  in all likelihood will be  compelled to do the same next winter if a road  to the south is not built."     Resolutions praying  that the legislative assembly grant charters for  all  railways, no matter where thev  were to be  built, so long as aid  from   the province was not  asked,   were passed   unanimously,   and   a   copy  ordered forwarded to  premier Robson.    A petition, signed, by-108 free 'miners, mechanics, and  business men, was attached  to the original resolutions-and forwarded to mi-. Kellie, with a request to lay the document   before the assembly.  Stock   IS.c;������os*lC(i2   uai  Qnootf. \\on\Wt\on.  William Perdue and Albert Barrett, returned  to Nelson on Thursday from  Kootenay  valley,  Idaho. They report making the trip from the  head of 'the lake to Thompson's ranch (S3 miles)  in 2 days, and the return trip with 18 head of  ���������cattle in 21days. The cattle were slaughtered  at the head of the lake, and the dressed beef  brought to within 11 miles of Nelson, the ice  preventing the Idaho from bringing' it through.  The beef is reported first-class in quality. There  is about 18 inches of snow in the valley, and the  ice on the river is strong enough to bear up  stock. Owing to the lateness of the heavy snowfall, all stock in the valley appear in hue condition and have been fed but little hay.  rm  AND  AT  (hnte  Walsh's)  15 EAST BAKER STREET.  Postoiliee Store,   Rc-Ison,   IB. C.  AND GEM'S' FUE_IISHI_Ta GOODS.  TrTiSSS  ALSO,   lrULL LINES  OF  a w a  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  GIGAeS    AT  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  ,_H  TATE A  _  Town tots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. -Conveyancing1 documents drawn up. -.Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, _TELS.0_T,(;B; 0.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown  grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  a0ia_Mg___tthM_i_H���������������a_^

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