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The Miner May 23, 1891

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 ���������>'>���������*  / M  Only Paper  Printed  in the  Kootenay Italic Min<  ing Districts.  For Rates  of Subscription and  Advertising  Sec Fourth Page.  FUMBEE 49.  KELSON,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY*   MAY   23,   1891.  U A YEAE.  WORK. ORa*EREI> COMMENCED OK WAGON ROADS.  The bids for constructing the Nelson and Toad  Mountain wagon road were considered too high  by the commissioner of lands and works, and instructions were given mr. Tun stall to begin the  Work   by day's  labor.    Mr. Tunstall  arrived at  Nelson on Tuesday, and after consulting with  the owners of the Silver King, appointed Wins-  lowHall road superintendent, with instructions  to  rush  the road  through as  fast as possible.  The remainder of the week was spent in getting  tools and supplies to the front, and actual work  will begin  on the road on Monday.    About 40  men   will   be   employed   the   first   week,   and  after   that   every   man   that   can    be   worked  to advantage will be hired.    It is expected that  machinery can  be hauled over the road by the  middle of July.    Mr. Tunstall also made a trip  to Ainsworth during the week, and when there  took preliminary steps towards beginning work  on  the roads  in   Hot Springs district.    A. M.  Wilson was  selected for  road  superintendent,  and given full power to expend the appropriation to the best advantage.    The present trunk  road  will  be   extended   to  the   Number   One,  thence built towards the Skyline.    The appropriation available for the 2 roads is $14,000.   One  of the bids for the Nelson and Toad Mountain  road was $19,000, the other over $22,000.  A  Practical Mining Man's Opinion.  Superintendent Cronin is taking a look at the  Davenport-Hussey properties in Toad Mountain  and Hot Springs districts before beginning work  on any of them. He expected, t p be able to begin work on the Poorman within 2 weeks from  Sunday last, the delay being occasioned mainly  by the desire of neighboring claim owners to  make trial runs of ore at the Poorman mill.  Mr. Cronin is of opinion that the people here  place too low an estimate on the benefit that the  country will derive from the building and operation of the Columbia & Kootenay railway.  He said, judging from the results in the Coeur  d'Alene country, that the railway will not only  make the profitable working of many of the  mines possible, but that hundreds of people  will now visit the camps on the lake who  would never think of doing so had they to travel  over wagon roads and trails.  A Mill Run that   was Satisfactory.  The owners of the Wild Cat, a gold claim  about half a mile to the southwest of the Poor-  man, packed 18 tons of ore to the Poorman mill  last week for a trial run. A cleanup was made  on Tuesday, the result being so satisfactory that  a contract was made the next day for extending  the tunnel another 50 feet. Later on a shaft  will be sunk on the ground, and if the result of  this additional development work is satisfactory, machinery will be placed on the mine and  a mill erected near the mouth of Sandy creek.  The Wild Cat may yet be a surprise to the  "doubting Thomases."  J������  A Large -Outcrop, of Mineralized Rock.  About 3 miles south of Nelson, Fred Sutter is  at work on a strong outcrop of mineralized rock.  The ledge is from 4 to 16 feet wide, and apparently runs east and west, the vein matter being  quartz carrying gold, silver, and lead. The  ground is favorably located for working. The  west end stake is within a few feet of Giveout  creek, the claim running up the side of a mountain whose slope is not less than 65 degrees.  Marks & Van Ness have an interest in the  ground, and they intend spending money on it  to prove its worth.  An Exploring Party in H_ard Luck.  A correspondent at Ainsworth writes under  date of the 18th : " On the morning of the 16th  instant the Idaho passed here having in tow a  boat, and 3 men (boys) bound for the Lardeaux.  The Idaho returned the same evening, having  ?3'T.^y-J'fr''i''''A������uP*yi%''^ Yj-*"* **������������������?_!> rt^*."*--Mft\ii:yiT.  left the party at the mouth of the river. These  men, it appears, were a C. P. R. outfit, on their  way up the Duncan river, with orders to try  and reach a point some 15 miles up the river,  above the upper Kootenay lake, there to wait  for a C. P. R. exploring party on their way  through from Bear creek to Kootenay lake, via  the Beaver and Duncan rivers. On the night of  the 17th a party of 3 wet and hungry men  reached Ainsworth in an old leaky boat. These  men were the same party that went up iri the  tow of the Idaho the day before. After the  party had gone up the Lardeaux about 5 miles,  they were met with some swift water���������-the boat  was dashed against a sunken log and capsized,  losing the whole of their outfit. They, therefore, had to return to Ainsworth for supplies,  which they obtained from Bob Green. They  then left to make another attempt to reach  their destination."  IMsappointcd.  A. M. Esler, accompanied by A. M. Holier,  A. J. Seligman, and Peter Larson, all of Helena, Montana, and more or less interested in the  mining business, arrived at Nelson on Tuesday,  and at once went up to the Dandy on Toad  mountain, a property in which they are interested. They expected to find the mountain bare  of snow, the Dandy shaft free from water, and  work progressing on the wagon road between  Nelson and the summit of the mountain. They  found fully 2 feet of snow at the Dandy, and the  shaft on that mine full of water. Instead of  work progressing on the wagon road, they  found that the preliminary a^a&ge^  not even been completed. They left for home  on Thursday. Before leaving, however, they  stated that a force of men would be put on the  Dandy within 2 weeks, or as soon as supplies  could be packed up to the ground. A foreman  will be sent in from the Gceur d'Alene. Machinery has been ordered and will be placed on the  property as soon as it can be got over the wagon  road.   -  Changed Owners.  The Boulder hydraulic claim on 49 creek has  changed ownership, H. F. Keefer, D. McGillivray, R. G. Tatlow, and R. C. Ferguson purchasing it from A. L. Davenport, M. C. Mona-  ghan, the Barker brothers, N. Riopell, and J. P.  Lamotte. The consideration is said to be $2000.  The claim is believed to be a good one, and if  worked systematically will no doubt yield good  returns on the investment. The ditches are being cleaned out, and operations will be commenced in earnest next week. Vancouver men  are thus bound to get in and make a killing in  the lake country.  Another  <?ood   Find   Made in   Goat  River   IMstrict.  That "Jap" King's Alice is not the only prospective mine in Goat River district is evidenced  by the samples of ore exhibited by C. C. Sproule  and George Long from a claim of recent discovery. From 3 assays made, returns of over $100  to the ton in silver were obtained. Besides silver  the ore carries large percentages of lead and  some copper. The boys fondly imagine that the  day is not far distant when-they will be known  as the "well-known mining men of Goat River"  instead of "the boot-jack prospectors who own  the Missing Link."  About 100 Men Arriving Weekly.  About 100 men a week are arriving in the lake  country.    A large percentage of these men are  miner-s and prospectors, and hail from every  state and territory in which mines are worked.  One camp over on Rover creek, near the late  galena discoveries, is made up principally of arrivals from Idaho, 13 of the number being Coeur  d'Aleners. Boys, there is one thing sure: if you  do not all strike bonanzas, you will put in the  time in the healthiest country on earth.  TRAIL .CREEK' DISTRICT COMING  TO   THE  FRONT.  A district may have good indications for mines,  but unless the advantages of the district are  brought to the attention of prospectors and investors but little headway will be made. That  Trail Creek district has good indications of min^  eral is not now disputed, and no man can well  dispute that to E. S. Topping is due 'much of the  credit for getting mining men interested in the  district.    Mr. Topping has been untiring in his  efforts, and he has been rewarded by selling the  Le Roi to a Spokane company for $25,000, not in  Spokane  real  estate, but  in  good   money and  bankable  paper.     He 'arrived   at   Nelson   this  rnorning and reports the camp as quiet, but that  by the middle of June operations will have made  a start.    The company that purchased the La  Roi also bonded the Center Star, the Idaho, the  Harvey,   the   Pride   of   Trail   Creek,   and   the  Chief of the Mountains, and  expects   to  have  a   force   at   work   on   them    by   the   15th   of  June.     They   got   a   return    of   $72    in   gold  and    14   per   cent    copper    from   an   average  sample taken from the Le Roi, and are well satisfied with their investments.     The ore in the  claims  on  the   south  side  of   Trail   creek  has  changed in character, and is now almost entirely  galena.    Of these claims Hoover's Lily May is  probably the best known.   From a picked specimen from it an assay of $500 in silver was obtained, an average sample assaying $167.    The  surface ore  of  nearly all  these  claims carried  gold and copper; but now little gold is obtained  and the copper is replaced by galena.    John H.  Reed sold the Blossom  to ^inr.,Topping a few  weeks  ago.     Since purchasing  it mr. Topping  has run a tunnel in on the ledge 32 feet.    The  face  of the  tunnel  shows  4 feet of ore, from  which assays of $47 in silver and $7 in gold have  been obtained.   Several new locations have been  made  this spring, Jack Buchanan making one  which promises well.    From 60 to 75 men are in  the camp.         __    Within a Mile of Nelson.  The end of the Columbia & Kootenay track is  within a mile of Nelson, and it is expected to be  in   the  yard limits by Thursday next.     H. F.  Keefer, the contractor who did the grading on  the east end, has paid off all his men ; and when  he gets his final estimates will invest the profits  of the job in mines in the district, having came  to the conclusion that mining must be a very  uncertain and unprofitable business if it is not  better than building railways. D. McGillivray  also paid off the men who were at work on the  wharf, he also coming to the conclusion that  there are ups and downs in all speculations, excepting, always, speculations in Nelson and New  Westminister real estate���������then the downs arc .  all ups. Mr. McGillivray returned to the coast  on Friday; mr. Keefer is still here looking after  his mining interests.  Royal Canadian  Ore  to toe Tested.  The owners of the gold properties between  Eagle and 49 creeks are becoming a little restive  under the reports circulated about the worth of  their claims. They are. well aware that it is useless to show assay certificates to intending purchasers, as an assay.certificate, however* correct  the assay, is never* taken as -proof of the worth  of an ore body in a mine or* of a quantity of ore  on a dump. Simon Roy and Aldric Dalpy believe they have a mining proposition in the  Royal Canadian, and acting on that belief are  having 30 tons of ore packed to the Poorman  mill for a trial run. The Royal Canadian is  about a mile westerly frorn the mill and the ore  can be packed at a small cost. If the return is  satisfactory, the property may change hands.  Metal  Rotations.  The latest attainable New York quotations are  of the 14th:  Silver 97������, copper $13.75, lead $4,22������.  m  'ihm * _l  WI&7������?7?<Z^$$3^  ^vyvwwv!  ^���������^^^^"���������y'lrffT^T^^T^^TTwn-r rOT-f-'-ia'.. -.���������..���������av,? 'V-''t ,>^^mmmmmmmmmmksxmtmmmmimiV THE  MIUEE:    NELSON,  B.  0..  SATURDAY,  MAY 23,  1891.  Main Street,  Wright Street,  UEJ__3__i3JR_?   I3ST  Miners' Supplies, Iron and Steel, Hardware,  Dry G-oods, Clothing, Men's  Provisions, Boots and Shoes,  ings, Etc, Etc.  .   _B_.    Having bought the stock and book debts of the late firm of E. S. WILSON & 00., all parties having outstanding accounts  are requested to call and settle them as soon as possible.  NEWS   FROM   HOT   SPRINGS ."DISTRICT.  That all the good things in the Hot Springs  district  have  not yet been   discovered  is this  week conclusively proved. It takes more than  $1000 ore to excite Ainsworth mining men, and  Canadian capitalists, with less excuse, are apt to  take even a calmer view. But it would be affectation to claim that there was not some extra  excitement around the Vancouver house when  the result of assays made from A. A. McKin-  non and W. Lynch's Sunnyside became known.  The Sunnyside is a recent location north of and  in line with the Number One, and on assays,  made by A. E. Bryan, taken a few inches from  the surface, runs 1092 ounces in silver and 16 percent lead. The vein is two feet from the surface, shows 18 inches of solid ore. Two men  are now at work on the claim, and mr. McKin-  non will ship a working test of a ton at an early  date.  Reports from other properties are equally satisfactory. From the Fourth superintendent  Trewarthen reports the upper tunnel now in 10  feet; the face being in a large body of high-  grade ore.  At the Dictator anew opening has been made  on the south end of the claim. Superintendent  Sam Lovett with 6 men is now running a tunnel on the ledge and has 3 feet of ore in the face,  rich in sulphurets and native silver.  W<; W. Sprague is sinking a new shaft on the  Tenderfoot at the presumed junction of the United and Tenderfoot ledges.  The Columbia Mining Company of Spokane  are prosecuting work with an increased force on  the Crescent. Mr. Donaldson expects to ship  100 tons of ore in two months.  From across the lake word is received that the  contractors on the Kootenay Chief have struck  the foot wall and are consequently making more  rapid progress���������the trouble before being that  the shaft was in solid ore.  On the Tarn O'Shanter, another east shore  bonanza, Jim Brennaud and Hugh Arnold are  sacking ore sufficiently high grade to make a  paying shipment to the United States.  Assayer A. E. Bryan reports rich samples  from the boys on Kaslo creek. The ore being a  high-grade copper-glance rich in silver.  Building operations are quite lively. Contractor Melville is making good progress with  "Rory" McLeod's Palace hotel.  The progress of the Wilson & Perdue butcher  shop is somewhat delayed by scarcity of finishing lumber.  Frank Fitch's new residence is completed and  the owner is in possession.  The Columbia house is building an addition.  J. G. McGuigan and J. Martin have got up the  frame of a 2-story building which, when completed, will be occupied by J. H. Fink for general merchandise.  Doctor Henry and E. J. Adams are getting a  more finished appearance on the pioneer drug  store.  Lack of finishing lumber is keeping Fletcher  & McKay's new billiard saloon in check, as is  also the case with the Olson hotel.  The old Fletcher building is being smartened  up by "K. B." Brown, who will open a short-  order restaurant.  Real estate is firm and finds ready buyers in  business men who are not speculators.  Joe Striet has disposed of his property on the  southwest corner of Sutton and South streets to  James Kyle; consideration $900. Mr. Kyle, it  is understood, proposes erecting a large wholesale liquor establishment.  Two inside townsite lots on Sutton street have  been acquired by private parties.  The lake is rising rapidly and as yet does not  seem effected by mr. Grohman's reclamation  works below Nelson.  Full dress soirees are now du regie at the Vancouver house. J. L. Rbtallack.  Ainsworth, May 19th.  -  . :     An Outcry Against tlie Nude in Art.  Sam Davis, the editor of the Carson (Nevada)  Appeal, gets off the following good hit on a class  of women who will not comprehend the beauties  of artificial nature unadorned. Sam is not an  artist himself, but is the son of an Episcopal  clergyman and married to the widow of an  artist. In his youth Sam studied nature in the  cornfields of Nebraska, and is as free from guile  as an average politician of the state in which  he lives:  "A   great outcry has been  raised in  Sacra-  mentp, California, because the art class of the  Crocker school of design has exhibited a picture  representing a nude female standing in water.  The body is exposed from the hips up.    The Bee  reproduces the picture, which is a very graceful  study of the human figure.    Some old hens in  Sacramento have proceeded to make an outcry  against it and pronounce it indecent.    It is high  time that the   ravings of   a lot of   nasty  old  women  against  nude art  be  regarded  merely  as   the frothings  of   lunaticg.    God  made  the  figure   of   women   beantiful,  and   framed   the  eye of  man   to   understand  its  beauties.     The  female figure was the crowning work of the Almighty, and when he finished the labors of creation,  he left this  legacy of loveliness   to  the  world.    Yet there are people so depraved that  they see  nothing  but   vulgarity  in  nude  art.  When Nature has stripped nearly all the flesh  from a woman's bones and dried up her stock of  common  sense, you  hear   her   raving   against  nude art.    We recall to mind the case of a woman in Omaha, who tried to get the city council  to pass an ordinance against nude paintings in  the city limits, as she  held they depraved the  morals of the young.   Before they had time to  draw  up the ordinance  she  ran away with a  colored hackman.      Had   the   ordinance   been  passed in time it might have saved her."  Hutch Boers and the  English in Africa.  A few weeks ago the imperial British commissioner in South Africa warned president Kruger  of the South African republic that the proposed  Boer expedition into Mashonaland must be  stopped, as the British would not tolerate an  influx of Transvaal emigrants. President  Kruger replied that he had "damped the expedition," and that the enterprise was not revived. News now comes from South Africa that  20,000 Boers propose to travel north into the  promised land, and Kruger has confessed his  inability to impede the movements of so large a  body. At last accounts, therefore, an immense  number of Boers were about to inarch into  Mashonaland to found a new Boer republic.  The Boers have never been slow about appropriating a large slice of any territory in South  Africa. Nearly 8 years ago, without attracting  any attention, they stole into Zululand, and be  fore the British were aware of what was going  on, they had appropriated nearly half of that  beautiful  country and set up a Boer republic.  England had regarded a great part of Zululand  as independent territory, but the Boers, by arrangement with  the  brother of Cetewayo, the  late king, acquired a semblance of right which  England did not think   it  worth  while  to dispute ;  and thus today the finest portion of thi'3  splendid country which Cetewayo ruled is in the  hands of the Boers.    When they undertook the  same game on the west frontier of the Transvaal  the British protested in such a very lively manner that the Boers returned to their old homes  and the republics they founded under the names  of Goshen and Stellaland died in their infancy.  Today  the British  have pushed north  of the  Transvaal, and are sending home most glowing  reports of the new eldorado they have discovered.     The Boers  think   they  are  entitled   to  share the advantages of the discovery, though  they never found out for themselves what a rich  and attractive country lay along their northern  borders; and so they are beginning to swarm  to the frontier for  the purpose of occupying a  goodly part of Mashonaland.    The proposed expedition   outnumbers   the   whites now   in  the  country 10 to  1.     It   is   very certain that the  South Africa Company, whose  chief factor is  Cecil Rhodes, the premier of South Africa, will  not permit the prize to  be plucked from their  grasp in this sort of fashion ;  and the British  will doubtless offer so decided a protest that the  Boers will be forced to relinquish their ambition  to  extend  their domain   further towards   the  Zambesi.  AINSWORTH, B. C.  Contracts taken for hauling supplies, machinery, ore, etc.,  to and from mines in Hot Springs district.  ALL   TEAMING   WORK   UNDERTAKEN.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  (Late Assayer for the Anaconda Company,  Butte.'Montana )  ASSAYEE and CHEMIST,  AItfSWORT.II,   B. C.  Assay Charges.���������Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each. Gold  and silver or lead and silver, $2. Copper, $2.50. Silver ard  copper, $3. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gold, silver and  copper, $3.50.  ���������'������������������������������������(,-it- ���������..������,.i-_l.s} .-' --������������������!.*��������� r.*-������\ i'-jiaV **-,."iJ1Pi. .\J.,.\��������� it.i&..*'X- ;v>,t'>:.--..;,v.v'-yi.i.1. . _���������'>.���������.-* .���������/,������*������<iji'h'V-- -;*a: ���������*- ^".���������'."^������������������.'���������''���������'���������������������������������p;',-v>,Hvif'   ^-^���������_3������_4_3S^*_36_^sP#l^^^&_������  Jvft'.fu_v--l il.-JJ-.iL THE   MIMEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   MAY  23,   1891.  DO NOT IJSF POOR MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  OLD IN OS  are for sale in any quantity by the  SLSON  SAWMILL  CO.  ������a5'd;   At end of Flume in'.Nelson.  Mill:   Tivo Miles  Sou flu of kelson.  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill'is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in   any  part of Nelson. :������  r_  AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Lumber���������good, bad, and indifferent ��������� on  hand or made to order.  GL 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January loth.  s-sa  ny  *    MANUFACTURERS OF  OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.  ���������"..���������  PBIOE  LIST  (DELIVERED AT NELSON,  AINSWORTH,  OR   BALFOUR).  _&E������ESSEB*.  No. 1 flooring, 4 inch, per M    . $32 00  No. 2      ���������"���������      6 inch, ���������   ".  27 00  No. 1 ceiling, 4 inch,        "  32 00  No. 2        "       6 inch,       "  27 00  Rustic,                                 "  27 00  Select clear, DD,              "  40 00  No. 1 common, D,            "  25 00  DD,          "  27 00  Bar and counter tops, clear, per foot. ..' 10  ROBFttlff.  No. 1 common, per M.  $20 00  No. 2      '"            "       ^....  15 00  Culls,                    "      ��������� .:.....  12 00  Shingles,                "  4 50  Bead, panel, crown, base, etc., etc., per foot  .2J@10c  Mills at Pilot. ESay, Kootenay Lake.  G-eo. G-. Bushby,.  .   ..   .   Manager  coi\sui. Ewer, an 'vmimGATmi'. ass.  The concensus of opinion.is that the American  consul stationed at Vancouver* made an ass of  Jhimself at a recent banquet in that town, in refusing to join in the singing- of the British  national anthem, "God Save the Queen." The  following* from the St. Paul Pioneer Press, the  leading Republican paper of the northwestern  states, expresses the views of nine-tenths of the  native-born citizens of the great republic:  "The United States counsel at Vancouver appears  to   be  an   unmitigated   ass.    There   are  enough of this sort of people in the service of  other govern nients just now, so that we can vv ell,  spare   any of our  own.    The time has passed  when-this- country needed or desired to assume  toward other nations the 'trid-on-the-tail-of-me-  coat' attitude.    We are not obliged to maintain  the   position   of   bumptious   self-assertiveness  which   brought   much  criticism  and  deserved  ridicule upon us in the days when we felt that  we had to give concrete evidence in someway  that a citizen of the United States is just as good  as any crowned head, and mostly a great deal  better.   ������������������'..*      -*������������������'     '...*'       Any one who has happened to be in Canada on��������� *I)ominion day,' corresponding to  our  Fourth   of   July,  and  seen  every hack carrying the American  flag on one  lamp and the Union Jack on the other, while  the stars and stripes were just as prominent in  the general decoration as the insignia of Great  Britain, is forced to the conclusion that the people are less sensitive on these points than we  would be under similar circumstances.    That a  representative of ours should, on  an   occasion  like the arrival of  the new China steamships,  offend  these  kindly people   by  attending   the  festivitiesonly to assert a sham and spurious sort  of surface patriotism is far from pleasant to us.  It is clear that our consul at Vancouver needs  some employment more  suited to his peculiar;  temperament."  Boxing tin equal led as an All-fifconsid  Sfceveloiper.  There is absolutely nothing in the way of recreation so beneficial in every respect to a boy as   j  boxing.     As  an   all-round  developer  it  is  unequalled; not one of the boy's muscles remains  inactive���������back,   stomach,   legs,   arms,   are   all  called upon for vigorous service. The best feature in its recommendation for boys is the very  thorough drilling which the disposition of the  boy must undergo. If a lad is quick to lose his  temper boxing will cure him ; it will teach him  that no one who lets his temper get the better  of him will become an expert sparrer; it will  speedily convince him of the absolute necessity  of keeping cool and in entire possession of his  wits in order to sustain his efforts and avoid defeat. The boxer who cannot control his temper  is practically at the mercy of a cool skillful opponent. One cannot spar successfully and become flustered. A boxer must ever be on the  alert, his wits constantly alive looking for an  opportunity of assault; he must be able to act  instantly and with cool deliberation, as distinguished from wild, undirected action. He need  do no running to develop the muscles of his legs  or his lungs ; these/are all continuously in action.  Caprivi, flic <������ersiian Chancellor.  Caprivi made his reputation  as a, general of  ability long  before the crisis   happened which  called him to the head of the state department.  His manner is characteristic of a great man as  well as of a great soldier���������simple, direct, courteous,   and,  where  possible,   conciliatory.      His  face is curiously like that of the great chancellor  whom he succeeds, bat has in it ���������"far more of the  human  and engaging;  less bull-doggy, though  not less plucky.    To include the prime minister  in a list of the country's generals would appeal'  odd in England or with us, but in Germany the  situation has nothing eccentric in it.   Bismarck,  to be sure, never held an  active command, but  all through his life as a civilian official he.manifested a far greater desire to appear in the livery  of  war  than   to   rest   his fame   on his achievements in the cabinet.    Caprivi may or may not  prove greater as a general than as a minister of  state, but, in the event of the next war, no surprise need be felt  if we read his name gazetted  as commander of a mobilized army marching  toward St. Petersburg.  Canadian Pacific Railway  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  ISTO   CHAHSTGES.  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates   >  Kootenay l,alvc Shippers will be eori-  suiting  their   own  interests  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  STEAMER   "LYTTON  99  leaves Sproat's Landing- for REyELSTOKE every TueH-  ��������� day and Friday, making connection with trains for  *. g |0yEO3NrT^?,aE^_.Z_,.  (^jTOEonsrTOi  '8,1 ST.  ^^TJT____  51ch:icago,  VANCOUVER,  NEW WESTMINSTER,  VICTORIA,  AND 'ALL' POINTS EAST.  Por rates,  maps,   time-tables, etc.,  etc.,  apply to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D.  E. BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'1 Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. ,     "Vancouver, B. C.  THE    COLUMBIA    &   KOOTENAY    STEASV3  NAVIGATION   COMPANY,   LIMITED,,  THE STEAMER LYTTON  will leave REVELSTOKE every'Monday and Thursday  at _ A. M. for Robson and Little Dalles, connecting  at the latter point with the Spokane Falls  & Northern railway.  llctnvninx, will leave LITTLE DALLES every Tuesday  and .Friday at 9 A. M., arriving at Robson between  3 and 5 P.M.,and remaining from 15 to 80  minutes, then proceeding to Revelstoke.  F. G. 'CHRISTIE,''Agent,  l_EYELSTOKE,< B. ���������.  DEALERS IN  G-EOCERIES  AN D  SUPPLIES FOR PROSPECTORS AND MINERS.  BALFOUR,  located as it is at the outlet of Kootenay lake, will  be easily accessible during the season to all  the mining districts on the lake.. .  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON  OF THE   KOOTENAY   LAKE   DISTRICT,  And   Others   Whom   if.   May C'oiiceni   and   Interest.  During my trip to the cast last winter, I made arrangements with manufacturing'firms .and others for (lie establishment of a, W33C>!LEtf.UJi': BtFSH^'BCSS in this district.  A consignment of samples���������about 15 or 20 cases���������will be  hero about the end of May ; and merchants are requested  for the general good of themselves and the district to defer  placing any further orders till they have seen niy samples  and obtained-quotations.  C.  W. BSSiSK,  Kairoiir, B..C.  FOOT   OF  W,*M������   STREET,.'  ISaIiAS  STEVENSON, Proprietor.  Boats  to hire by the  hour or day  at reasonable  rates.  Boats built and repaired.  B  E  73^W^4^^^ .���������, ___..-,--, _,,   "^^It^Fa^'-ji^^wri'S-w&s^smBiini &
THE  MINER:    NELSON,   B.  0.,  SATURDAY,  MAY 23,   1891.
The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be
mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance
rates: Three months .$1.50, six months $2.50, one year $_.
Transient.- Advertisements will be inserted for
15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line
for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words
each make an inch. All advertisements printed for
a less period than 3 months considered transient and
ihnst be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less
than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.
Birth Notices free if weight of .child is given; if
weight is not given .$1 will be charged. Marriage
announcements will be charged from ��1 to $10-���according to the social standing of the bridegroom.
Letters to tiilo Editor will only appear over the
writer's: name, (vommimications with such signatures
as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,
will not be printed on any consideration.
Address all Letters!::  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.
EIHTOKIAt- REMARKS..
Now that there are 15 children of school age
residing at Nelson or in its immediate neighborhood, steps should be taken to have a school district set apart and a school opened. The proper
way is for the parents of the children to petition
lion. mr. Robson at Victoria, who will direct the
s.u per in t end en t of ed ucatio.ii to take ac t io n in
the matter. The laws and regulations governing the public schools of the province are liberal and in no sense sectarian. Therefore, there
is no need for the parents of any particular sect
to take steps for the establishment or contribute
towards the maintenance of a sectarian school.
A committee of the trades and labor congress waited on sir John Macdonald at Ottawa
on Monday last. Among other demands was
the exclusion of Chinese. The committee
pointed out the fact that 80 per cent of the
accidents in the coal mines in British Columbia were caused by the ignorance of the Chinese
employed therein. Sir John, in replying, said
that it would be inopportune to make the law
more restrictive unless Canada was threatened
with a Chinese invasion. As a matter of fact,
half the arrivals paid the tax and stole across to
the United States. Since the American government had passed the Chinese exclusion bill, its
relations with China had been strained, hence
Canada should take advantage of the opportunity to secure the vast carrying trade between
Europe and the east and west. Accordingly,
sir John Macdonald, prime minister of the Dominion of Canada, is only too willing that a
province of the Dominion should be a sort of
rendezvous for Chinese who wish to smuggle
themselves into a country froni which they are
by law excluded* and that country a friendly
neighbor of the Dominion. Apparently, he is
also willing to force an undesirable class of people on one section of the Dominion so that another section of the Dominion may thrive. Sir
John would burn his neighbor's barn to roast
his own potatoes.  ;_.
The bringing of charges against a member of
his cabinet as well as prominent officials of the
government is likely to present a hard question
for sir John Macdonald to answer. These
charges have been widely bruited abroad, and
seem to have been pretty generally accepted as
well founded, at least by the opposition. When
absolute dishonesty is added to the charges of
extravagance, bad management, and corruption,
which have distinguished sir John's administration, the narrow majority by which he now
holds power is likely to disappear altogether.
Some controversy has arisen regarding the
the actual time made by the Canadian Pacific
steamer Empress of India on her recent passage
from Yokohama to Vancouver. One authority,
by adding the "day gained" in the trip from
west to east and-subtracting the difference of
time between Vancouver and Yokohama, makes
her actual time 11 days 6 hours and 2 minutes.
This is fallacious calculation. The vessel left
Yokohama at 6 P.M., April 17th. It was at that
moment, 12:28 A. M. of April 18th, at Vancouver. She arrived at Vancouver at 6:30 A. M.
of April 28th, consequently her actual time was
10 days 6 hours and 2 minutes.
A man may be poor but not shiftless or lazy,
but let him take to drinking and he will lose all
self-respect, sense of manhood, or desire to work
and become a lazy and shiftless vagabond and
plunge himself and family into a hopeless condition of squalor and wretchedness. Those who
are affluent or in moderate means reduce
themselves to poverty by drink. Those who
are poor only make themselves poorer and
in hopeless, misery. Any person who has had
the opportunity to observe the practice of drunkard-making will testify that that he can hardly
recall a case where poverty has made drunkards,
but he will testify to numerous cases where
drunkenness has made paupers.
Late Australian  advices give, the synopsis of
the constitution for the proposed federation of
Australian colonies, which" was prepared by the
convention  that closed   its sittings April  9th.
The constitutions will be submitted to a. vote of
the people, and when accepted by, the 3 colonies
as it stands, for they cannot amend it, will be
sent to the imperial parliament.    If ratified by
that body, queen Victoria will proclaim a day
when the commonwealth of Australia is to be
established, and  will also appoint a governor-
general.   On the latter's arrival, the Australians
.will proceed to form a ministry and elect a parliament.     The  constitution  provides  that  the
federation shall be known as the Commonwealth
of Australia, and   the  colonies  shall be called
states.    The legislature shall consist of a senate
and a house of representatives, to be called the
parliament,,    and     shall     be     in     session     at
least     once      every     year.      The     governor-
general   shall    be   appointed    by    the    queen
at    a    salary     of     not     less     than     $50,000.
The   senate   is   to   be   composed    of   8   members from each state, chosen by the houses of
parliament of each state, and are to be chosen
O c- "   ��� ��� ���       ���
for 6 years, one-half of the members to retire
every 3 years. The president of the senate is to
be in all cases entitled to a vote, and when the
vote is a tie the question is to pass. The representatives are to be chosen by the people of the
several state j, each state to have one representative for every 30,000 people, but the minimum
number of representatives for each state shall
be 4. The speaker is to be elected by the house,
and when the vote is a tie the speaker is to have
the casting vote. The life of the house of representatives is 3 years. The members of both
houses are to receive an allowance of $2500 per
annum, and the usual penal clauses are provided
to meet cases where a member is under disability
to sit. No senator or representative is to hold
an office of profit under the crown, but ministers are not to be compelled to offer themselves
for re-election.	
Probably, when they have read a recent decision by a magistrate of Kinkiang, China, Canadian bankers who have been thinking of establishing branches in that country will change
their minds. It seems that a young Celestial,
an inveterate gambler, whose . brother was a
wealthy banker, squandered his own means and
then forged a number of notes of large denominations, purporting to be notes of his brother's
bank, and put them in circulation. When presented at the bank for redemption, being palpa
ble counterfeits, payment was of course refused.
Then the infuriate holders bombarded the establishment, seized the manager and carried him
before a magistrate, who held that in appearance the false notes were so much like the genuine as to deceive ordinary people, and therefore
the bank must honor them, which has forced
the bank to suspend payment and go into
liquidation. The forger, on the other hand, has
not been prosecuted, but has been left unmolested in the enjoyment of his ill-gotten
gains. So it is made to appear that forging is
quite an innocent amusement in China, while
banks are bound hot only to redeem their genuine notes, but also any fairly clever imitations
of them that maybe counterfeited. Banking on
such conditions would seem to be not by any
means a mild form of idiocy.
Fully a month of good weather was lost before beginning the work on the Nelson and
Toad Mountain wagon road; but nowothat it
has commenced, it is to be hoped that it will be
rapidly pushed to completion. Every man' that
can be worked to advantage should be employed, and the government plainly shown that
the mining men of this section mean business.
A number of ordained ministers of the gospel
have visited the Kootenay Lake country with
the view of building churches at the centers of
population, the churches, of course, to be built
by money contributed by the people who live
here. As yet no churches have been built. This
is not because the people are ungodly, but because they, have better uses for tiieir money.
The proposition of mr. Mills, a member of the
Dominion parliament, to annex New England
to Canada will meet the approval of the New
York Mugwumps, who daily bewail the fatal
mistake of a century ago which made the United
States a nation. Outside of them it will hardly
assume, the importance of even a joke.
As will be seen in a news item appearing on
the fifth page, mr. Mara is already taking action
on the free admission of mining machinery
question. He should insist that all machinery
used on mines or in reduction works be either
admitted free for 3 years or the duties be collected as on other goods of like class. Half-way
measures are only a source of annoyance and
worry to both mining men and government
officials.  _ . '
Ex-president Cleveland has many admirers
among Canadians���the reason therefor is hard to
understand. While admired by Canadians, the
leaders of his party in the United States are not
particularly fond of him, now that the campaign
of 1892 is near at hand. Henry Watterson, editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal, one of the
broadest-minded men among southern Democrats, is against him, and gives his reasons as follows : "It is 1884 repeated. In 1884, as most of
" you know, I wrote the tariff plank in the plat-r
" form of the national Democracy. It was
"called a "straddle," that plank, but you re-
" member that we went to the country on it
"and triumphed. It met the emergency. In
"1888, when the party met again, senator Gor-
" man and others wanted another straddle. I
" told then) no : that four years had wrought a
"great change; that the time had come to
" speak out : that the message sent to congress
" by the president and the Mills bill demanded
" an utterance. We did speak out and we were
" beaten. You know as well as I do what beat
" us.      It   was   not   that   wTere  not  on   record
mm.
RSKK
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&2ra!i tKzmmmmmwimi mw  THE  MINER:    NELSON,  B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  MAY 23,  1891.  5  Dealers in Dry (roods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is full and complete in every Denai'tment, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods. ���������������������������"',  and compare Prices.  ain Street, EEVELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Yeriion Street, NELSON,  ���������" in'a manly, intelligent way.    We had a Mug-  " wurap nominee who could not even carry his  "own state. I am not any more to blame than the  "rest of you that he  was  my  nominee;   you  "know w7hat the situation, what the pressure  *���������* was as well as I do.    It is history now, and we  "must   all   share  the  responsibility  together.  " But to the future. There has come up another  "question that, confronts us as the tariff did in  " 1884.    It is the silver question.    I have no ap-  *'prehension  about the tariff.;.  We will adjust  "that  question.    It is what we��������� will' dp about  "silver that confronts us.    My advice is to let  " silver alone, or if we have to allude to it do so  "in a way that will not antagonize the world.  " We can declare for a coinage and to an extent  "that will. meet.'the needs of the country, we  "can   be   conservative,   we   can   keep   within  "bounds.     This  is my view as  an  individual  ���������" Democrat.   And I urge its consideration upon  " you gentlemen and Democrats who are listen-  ���������" ing.    You cannot with safety antagonize the  " monied centers.    You know the east will be  '���������' against us in this matter.    The free or unlim-  " ited coinage of  silver  is  a  mere shibboleth.  " For God's sake let us let it alone, and try and  " elect  onr ticket in 1892.    If we do not carry  ."the country then  you may look for the force  " bill and everything else that bodes evil.   Elect  " a Democratic president and congress, and sec-  " tionalism is dead forever in this country, and  " that is what we want, to kill out sectionalism.  "Once in possession of this government and we  "will deal with silver and all other questions so  " honestly, so broadly, so patriotically, that we  " shall challenge the  judgment of the masses,  " and in the providence of God. we'shall rule this  " country wisely and well."  A <������oo<l Idea.  The Salt Lake Tribune  advocates an amendment to the constitution  of the United States,  requiring  that the president shall be elected 4  vears in advance of the  term of his office, dur-  ing which 4 years he shall receive a small salary  sufficient to cover expenses, and make it his  duty to spend the 4 years visiting the various  portions of the country, getting down close to  the people, learning their wants, and qualifying  himself to pass intelligent judgment on the merits of their petitions. ���������  ^Proceedings  in the Dominion. House.  In the Dominion house the estimates were laid  on the table Monday afternoon and show that  th:i ioral votes asked for are $43,150,000, a decrease from the previous year of $5,081,000. On  the list are the British Columbia penitentiary,  $45,982, about $1,500 more than the vote last  year; the improvement of public  buildings  in  British oColumbia, $3000; Vancouver postoffice  and custom house, $40,000; Victoria harbor,  $6000; Fraser river, $20,000; a telegraph line  from Nanaimo to Com ox, $6000; Columbia river  improvements above Golden, $6000; Columbia  river improvements between Revelstoke and  Arrow lake, $6000; Columbia river improvements between the mouth of the Kootenay river  and the international boundary, $7000; Nicom-  ickle river, $5000; general repairs ond improvements of harbors and rivers, $3000; total, $348,-  500: harbors and rivers generally, $60,000;  Indians' provisions, $99,730. D. W. Gordon,  a member from this province, moved for the  returns giving the number of Chinese, that  entered British Columbia, and copies of all the  correspondence with the imperial government  and from labor organizations with reference to  the Chinese restriction act or amendments to  the same. J. A. Mara, member for this district,  asked for the correspondence between the minister of customs and the collector at Kootenay  lake relating to the admission of mining machinery into Kootenay district free of duty.  c^^^i___^_^4X)  ���������\**-���������z^.pJ55*~h*  NOTICE.  A sitting of the county court of Kootenay will be held at  Nelson on Saturday, the 20th day of June, 1891.  T. H. GIFFIN, registrar.  Nelson, May 12th, 1891.  NOTICE.  Purchasers of lots in Balfour are hereby requested to  take notice that they can obtain titles to their property as  soon as the final deposits are paid, which are now due.  Money may be paid to mr. Selous at Nelson or to myself at  Balfour. C. W. BUSK.  May 16th, 1891. '  NOTICE.  In the matter of the estate of Patrick McNamee, deceased,  intestate.  Persons having claim's against the above estate are requested to forward them to the undersigned for settlement;  to whom also persons indebted to said estate are notified  to make payment of all moneys duo.  G. C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Nelson, May 4th, 1891. *  NOTICE.  In the matter of the estate of Thomas Higstrom, deceased,  intestate.  Persons having claims against the above estate are requested to forward them to the undersigned for settlement;  to whom also parties indebted to said estate are notified to  make payment of all moneys due.  G.C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Nelson, May 4th, 1891.  NOTICE.  To   consignees   of   goods to Little Dalles for points in  British Columbia:  That goods will have to remain at Little Dalles unless  invoices accompany same. That consignees must arrange with the customs office at Trail Creek or other  parties to pass and pay duties. It being impossible for the  purser of the steamer to do so, as his work requires him to  devote all his time to it. F. G. .CHRISTIE,  Agent C. & K. S. N. Co., Ld.  TIMBER   LEASE.  Thirty days after date I intend to make application to  the chief commissioner of lands and works for permission  to lease for lumbering purposes the following tract of land :  Beginning at a stake on the west bank of the Lardeau  river, about _������ miles from its mouth, thence south 80  chains, thence east to the river, thence north along bank  of river to the place of beginning; containing 640 acres  more or less. " G. O. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, April 16th, 1891.  W.  J.  WILSON.  W.  PERDUE.  PROPRIETORS OF  ...AT   NELSON AND AINSWORTH.  Will contract to supply mining companies and steamboats  with fresh meats, and deliver same at any mine or  landing in the Kootenay Lake country.  CORRAL AND STABLING  AT NELSON,  where saddle and pack animals can always be hired, and  teams obtained for job teaming.  UVCA-IKIIE    COnSTTKAGTS  with merchants for hauling freight to or from railroad  depot and steamboat wharf.  NELSON  OEFICE AND MARKET,  NO. SI EAST BAKER STREET  PROPRIETOR OF THE  ZFIOHSTZEIIEIR.  CORRAL and STABL  Ward Street,   rear Government Sguildiiig,  NELSON, B. C.  Will undertake any work or contract in which pack anl-  mals or teams can be used.    Will furnish  SADDLE AND PACK ANIMALS  to parties who wish to examine mines and claims  in Toad Mountain district.  WILL CONTRACT TO CARRY PASSENGERS  and baggage to and from hotels ; also, freight  to and from steamboat wharves and  railway depots.  CONTRACT TO GRADE LOTS IN NELSON. tr\  THE  MINER:    NELSON,  B.   0./ SATURDAY/ MAY 23,  1891.  George C. Hunt  J. Dover  Josephine Street,  Nelson, B.C.  Manufacturing Jewelers  for the Trade.  DEALERS IN  DIAMONDS  SILVERWARE  JEWELRY  AND ALL  FINE WATCHES  Carefully   Repaired   and   Satisfaction   Guaranteed.  Kelson Store, for the Present, in "Miner" Building.  Branch Store at Donald, B. 0.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from $6.50 to $500. ' Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and carefuLattention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  JOSEPHINE STREET, NELSON.  Teetze.  DEALERS  IN  CHEMICALS,  PATENT MEDICINES,  TOILET ARTICLES,  ETC.  .WHOLESALIS     IfcEALEltS     IN   'CIGARS..     RAYMOND  SEWING   'MACHINES   IN   STOCK.  Cor. East Baker and Ward Streets.  MIS   GARRULOUS    WIFE.  ��������� "Samantha," grumbled mr. Chugwater, fumbling in one of the bureau drawers, "I'd like to  know where in the name of common sense, you  keep my socks?" 1  "Which'pair do you. want, Josiah ?" inquired  mrs. Chugwater.  "Any pair, if they are only mates. Here's an  old gray sock and a black one, and down here in  the corner is an old pair of last summer's socks,  with holes in the toes. I dont see why my  things cant, be kept in order the same as other  men's.",..     , "  "If you had only told ni���������������������������"  "Told you ! Have I got to riin to you, mrs.  Chugwater, for every little thing I want? Is  that your idea about the way to carry on the  household business ? If you'd take trouble  enough to pile things in here so I can find them  when I want them it would save me lots of  bother."  "Josiah, if you will let nie���������"  "Now, there's no use of your getting excited  about this thing. If you know where I can get  a pair of half-decent socks just say so, and I'll  hunt'ein up, and if you dont know and will have  the kindness to put the fact in plain English,  I'll go out and buy a pair.    That's all."  "If you hadn't tumbled these tilings all out of  shape, Josiah-���������������������������"  "Tumbled them out of shape, have I ? What  is a bureau drawer for, any way ? Is it to hide  things in, irriadam ? If I dont find what I want  on top, haven't I got to look down Under I'd  like to know ? Any woman that will pack and  jam a bureau drawer full of things and arrange  them so you've got to dig and claw all through  the whole business to get what you're after, and  then dont get ity hasn't got the right: idea about  arranging a man's haberdashery. If you dont  know where my socks are, mrs. Chugwater,  why dont you say so, instead of standing around  like a stoughton bottle and doing nothing?"  "I could have found them for you in a minute and saved you all this trouble if you had  given me the chance," said mrs. Chugwater, as  she straightened out the tangle in the drawer,  and brought to view from one of the bottom  corners 5 pairs of clean socks. "When you  want anything of this kind hereafter,. Josh, if  you'll just let me know��������� -"  "The trouble with you, Samantha," growled  mr. Chugwater, as he jerked a pair from the  top of the pile and went off to one corner to put  them on,  "is-that you talk too much."  Mailed with  Explanations.  There is a prominent railroad official in New  York, whose wife went  out of town' for a few  days last week. Oh the second evening of her  absence he was accosted in the hall by his 10-  year-old daughter, who had an unsealed letter  in her hand.  "Will you mail this letter to mamma as you  go out? " she said. "I left it open so you could  see if it was written well."  It was written well, he found. In fact, it was  written too well.    It ran thus:  "Dear mamma : When are you coming home?  I miss you so much, and I know7 papa does, too,  for last night he didn't come home to dinner,  and tonight he is going to sit up with a sick  friend."  Little Kitty's artless missive was delayed one  post, while papa wrote a letter of explanation as  advance guard.  Mr. Haskins  Finds  His Eldorado.  Revelstoke Star, 16th: W. J. Haskins returned  from the  Lardeaux  on   Saturday last,  after spending the winter in hunting and  trapping there and working on his mineral  claims. He brought with him a number  of mink, fisher, and wolverine skins, which  he sold to the Hudson's Bay Company at Kam-  loops, realizing $300. He did the assessment  work on the Beaver, Maple Leaf, Crown Point,  and Dominion mineral claims, which properties  he is confident will rank high as ore-producers.  The Lardeaux is eldorado enough for him.  __ _____ ���������  All parties indebted to the firm of R. J. Hilts & Co. are  hereby notified to pay no moneys or make no settlements  unless on the order or with  the written consent of the  JOHN LEE.  May 16th, 1891.  undersigned.  Nelson, B. C.  C. Hamber,  Notary Public,  Nelson,  A. G. Thynne,  C. G. Henshaw,  Vancouver  Eeal Estate, Mining Brokers,  AND  Insurance Agents.  REAL   ESTATE.-''..  We are now offering some of the best residential lots in  the southern addition to the townsite from $135 up. Good  terms. No ISiiilding Conditions. These lots are good  value. Good business lots in all parts of the townsite at  reasonable figures. Now is the time to buy. Call and see  our list.  Mining claims and mining interests handled advantageously on small margin. Quotations given on all classes ol  mining machinery.  INSURANCE,  v  Citizens of Canada, fire and accident; Equitable of New  York, life.   Ciood Companies; Good Kales.  NELSON 0FPICE, 105 WEST bakee steeet.  Vancouver Office, 840 Water Street.  (xEO. E. H. ELLIS, P. 0. -S.  MINING   ENGINEER   AND' CHEMIST,   ';".  Author of "Practical Organic Analysis," the "Iron Ores of  the World," etc.; expert in the "Bluebird  Mining Suit" (Butte City);  NEJLSOJV,' 15. c.  Will examine and report on, or superintend the development of, mining properties in West Kootenay; advises on the treatment of ores, and furnishes specifications of mining, milling, and smelting plants.  ASSAY CHARGES : Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each.  Gold and silver, or lead and silver, $2.- Copper, $2.50,  Silver and copper, $>3. Gold, silver, and lead, $>3. Gold,  silver, and copper, |_ ; and so on.  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims;  crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  Barrister at  Law,   Solicitor,   2-fotaiy  Public, Eto,  Office, Victoria street, Kamloops, B. C.  Physician, Surgeon, and Accoucheur,  Office:   Stanley Street.  Dental fillings, guaranteed for one year, neatly and carefully done in gold, amalgam, or cement on Tuesdays and  Fridays from 2 to 4 P. M.  N. HOOVER  still has a few more cases of CONDENSED MILK for sale. THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0���������  SATUEDAY,  MAY 23,   1891.  OTEL  Cor. Baker arid Ward Sts.  NELSON, B. G.  H.   &   T.   MADDEN  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with a frontage  cowards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  NELSON, B. ���������.  SODERBERG  &  JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  ;T.HE      T -A. "B LE   ,  is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED  WITH  THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C,  ONLY TFO-STOEY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished ,  newly throughout.  THE   TABLE  IS   NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  BSALFOIIflt,   IJ. C.  FLINT & OALLOP, Proprietors.  The BALFOUR commands a fine view of the Outlet and  Lake, and will be kept second to no hotel in  Hot Springs district.  Balfour is easily accessible to the mines in Hot Springs  district, and is in the center of a large area of mineral country not yet prospected.   It is also  within easy distance of the Kootenay  Lake and Pilot Bay sawmills.  TRAIL CREEK, B. C.  W.   R.   I������4>IjXTON PKOFI__ET������K.  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Creek  mining district, its proprietorbeing a caterer of experience.  The table will always be supplied with the best of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with choice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure rye  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  THE  ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE  TABLE  is acknowledged   the best  in the mountains.    c  ansm IB^IR  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  "The ���������-Finest-Hotel in Toad   Mountain District."  E SILVER K  Corner West Baker and Ward Streets,  NEXSON, B. C.  JOHNSON   &   MA HONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  The Silver King is a new building and furnished-.with new  furniture from kitchen to attic.   The table will not  be equalled by any hotel in Nelson.  .Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  HOTEL AND EESTAUEAN"T.  'OPEN    ������A������^ AND'   NIGHT.  Eooms and Sleeping Accommodations for .30 People  NO.  S3   EAST BAKER  STREET.  IHT.   JT_  EDSODST J"_   ST1^TID___.__^  PROPRIETORS.  Prospectus of the Kootenay Lake  Telephone Company, Limited.  The Kootenay Lake  Telephone   Company,  Limited, a  chartered corporation, will erect a main telephone line  from Nelson  to Ainsworth, via Buchanan's sawmill and  Balfour, and branch lines from Nelson to  the mines'on  Toad mountain and from Ainsworth to the mines in Hot  Springs district, with  central   exchanges at Nelson and  Ainsworth.   The capital stock of the company is divided  into 5000 shares of a par value of ������10 each.    Of these, 250  paid up shares have been apportioned to the promoters of  the company for defraying the expenses incident to the  procurement of the charter, which leaves 4750 shares to  erect the company's line.    The estimated cost of the proposed lines is ������7000.    To raise that amount 2500 shares are  now offered subscribers, subscription books to be opened  at Nelson and at Victoria, and payment-to be made as follows :   $1 per share on subscription; $'l per share on June  15th, 1891, and 50 cents per share on July 15th, 1891. If more  shares are subscribed for than placed on the market, then  the shares shall be allotted pro rata.   The subscription  books of the company are now open at the oflicc of Houston, Ink & Allan, Nelson, and at the ofhee of Bod well &  Irving, Victoria. JOHN HOUSTON (president),  R. E. LEMON (vice-president),  J. IS. WALSH (secretary),  CHARLES H. INK,  Nelson, B. C, April 29th. Provisional directors.  The Alberta & British Columbia Exploration Oom-  C pariy, Limited, (Poreign).  Registered the 22nd day of April, 1891.  CERTIFICATE OP REGISTRATION.  This is to certify that I have this day registered "The  Alberta and British Columbia Exploration Company, Limited," (Foreign), under the "Company's Aci, Part IV, Registration of Foreign Companies."'  The objects for which the company is established are :  1. To apply for and obtain any legislative or other powers necessary for the construction, maintenance, and working of any railway or railways, British, colonial, or foreign,  and to negotiate for and endeavor to obtain conventions,  charters, subsidies; grants, aids or other assistance in furtherance of such objects or incidental thereto.  2. To undertake the construction and establishment,  and the management, maintenance, and working of any  such railway or railways, either itself or make them .over  wholly or partly to other companies or persons.  3. To take contracts, British, colonial, or foreign, and execute them either itself or by sub-contractors.  4. , To undertake the labilities of any company, association,partnership, or person.  5. To aid any body politic or corporate, or company or association or individuals with capital, credit, means, or resources for the prosecution of any railways, works, undertakings, projects, or enterprises.  6. To prosecute and execute, directly or by contributions  or other assistance, any such or any other railways, works,  undertakings, projects, or enterprises in which, or for the  proscution whereof, or on the security whereof, or of any  profits derivable therefrom, the company shall have invested money or embarked capital.  7. To buy or otherwise acquire and sell on its own account, or for a commission all kinds of property, real and  personal, moveable arid immovable, and to manage,,develop, mortgage, sell, dispose of or otherwise deal with all  or any part of the property of the company as may seem  expedient. ������������������  8. To take or otherwise acquire and dispose of shares,  stock, debentures, bonds, or other securities in any other  company, British, colonial, or foreign, and to pay or agree  to pay under any contract to be entered into by the company, or for services rendered to such company or this company, in cash or in such stock, shares, or debentures or any ,  part thereof.  9. To re-issue any stock, shares, debentures, bonds, or  other securities with or without the guarantee of the  company.  10. To purchaser or otherwise acquire, settle, improve,  and cultivate lands and hereditaments, British, colonial, or  foreign.  ..11.   To purchase, hire, construct,  or manufacture any  rolling stock, machinery, or plant. ������  12. To develop the resources of any land and hereditaments by building, planting/clearing, mining, or otherwise  dealing with the same, and to subscribe out of the funds of  the company towards any purpose calculated to improve  or benefit such property.  13. To stock lands and to breed and deal in cattle of all  kinds, and produce and to colonise the same, and to aid  and encourage emigration.  14. To make, provide, maintain, and carry on, use and  work, or contribute towa.rds the making, providing, main-'  taining,'"carrying on, using, and working any such railway  or railways as aforesaid, and also tramways, telegraph >������������������  lines, canals, reservoirs, wells, aqueducts, roads, streets,  piers, wharves, and other works which may de deemed expedient for the purposes of the company, or contract with  others to do the same.  15. To promote or concur in promoting any company or  corporation, whether British, colonial, or foreign, and to  acquire, hold, and dispose of shares, stocks, or securities of,,  any such company or corporation, and to pay the expenses  of the promotion and underwriting the capital of any company or corporation so promoted.  16. To mortgage, with or without a power of sale, and  otherwise deal with all or any of the property and rights of  the company, and to raise money in any manner which may  be thought advisable, and partly by the issue of debentures  or debenture stock, charged either in themselves or by a  covering deed upon all or any part of the company's property, and to lend money and to negotiate loans of every description.  17. To procure the capital for any company in any country, but particularly in England or Canada, for the. pur-,  pose of carrying into cfFect any objects of any company  formed for the purpose of agriculture, or for acquiring or  working mines or colleries or other purposes, and to issue  the capital of such companies and to subscribe for, purchase, dispose of and otherwise deal in the shares, bonds,  and securities of such companies.  18. To sell the undertaking of the company, or any part  or parts thereof for such consideration as may be thought  proper, whether payable wholly or partially in cash or in  shares, stock, or debentures or other securities of any other  company, British, colonial, or foreign, now formed or hereafter to be formed, and to distribute any of the property of  the company among the members in specie.  19. To make, endorse, accept, and execute promissory  notes, bills of exchange, and other negotiable instruments.  20. To exercise all or any of the powers given by the  "Companies Seals Act, ISo't" and the "Companies' (colonial) Registers Act, 1883."  21. To do all or any of the above things in any part of the  world, either as principals or agents, contractors or otherwise, and to procure if thought necessary, the company to  be constituted or incorporated as a corporation, or its nearest equivalent, in any country or colony whatever.  22. To do all such other things as arc incidental or conducive to the above objects.  The capital of the company is ������20,000, divided into 200  shares of ������100 each. >  The place of business of the said company in the province  of British Columbia is situated at 21 Bastion street, Victoria, in the said province of British Columbia.  In testimony whereof I have hereto set  my hand and affixed my seal of oflico  this 22nd day of April, 1891, at the city of  Victoria in the province of British Columbia. (Signed) C. J. LEGGATT.  Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.  L. S.  :;��������� .V.,.-,: 8  THE  MINER:    KELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  MAT 23,  1891.  Gles  s  Tocer arici  *r   ���������  'll  gs-ancto!  r Dealer;  SONS'  Corner  sephme Streets,  ain Street, Beyelstoke, B. 0.  SniALL   -NUGGETS-. OF".-NEWS.  The frame is up for the railway hotel building at Robson. As soon as the track is laid from Sproat the new  town will be made headquarters for the company. The  arrival and departure time of trains is not yet known. F.  E. Hutch ins will be the agent at Nelson.  On May 6th there was posted in Victoria a letter addressed to Nelson for a party at Balfour. On the oth a letter was posted at Victoria, addressed to Kootenay, Idaho,  for the same party at Balfour. The latter letter arrived in  due course ; the former has not yet come to hand. The  writer of both letters left "Victoria on the 12th, arriving at  Nelson on the 16th, and Balfour the same day. Mr.  Fletcher, what is the matter with your slow-geared mail  routes? But, then, you dont care a cuss as long as you  draw your salary.  "' Nelson is putting on airs. Last winter the chins of the  boys were scraped by a blanked dull razor in the hands of  a man who, during the summer months, had been engaged  in whipsawing, lumber. Now thejr-can choose between a  lad3r artist from Fairhaven, a smooth 'un from Donald,  and a quicker-than-lightning manipulator from Bonner's  Ferry. ���������   - '  Four 20-lot blocks have been sold in the townsite of Trail  at an average price of $35 a lot. More could have been sold  had they been surveyed.  A. S. Farvvell is making crown grant surveys of mineral  claims on Toad mountain. The Dandy, the Democrat, the  Haymarket, and the Iroquois are among those already  surveyed. . '  The town of Trail has a corner on twins. It is the only  town in the lake country that can boast of twin babies.  But not satisfied with the babies, the people of that "town  now boast of tvyin bears and twin fishes. The fishes are a  curiosity, the bellies being united from the gills to the tail.  When in the water the back of one is toward the surface,  and the back of the other toward the bottom.  Besides a general store and a hotel, Balfour now boasts of  a boat-building establishment. Hereafter there will be no  need to send east for Peterborough canoes, as that class of  boats will he made a specialty of.  Within an hour after the announcement appeared in  The Miner, Hume & Co. had sold the 6 Peterborough  canoes they brought in last week. H. Selous took 2, one  for himself, the.other for his friend Tolson.  There is a report to the effect that the railway company  people have asked the government to allow them to expend the money appropriated for improving the streets of  Nelson, the railway people to contribute an amount equal  to the government appropriation. The people of Nelson  very naturally object to any such arrangement. The railway people, as joint owners'-of the townsite, should bear  half the expense of such improvements, but there is no  good reason why the disbursement should be left entirely  with them. Somehow, the people of Nelson are distrustful  of the railway people, and the latter seem to be only too  willing that this distrust shall be intensified. The people  of Nelson are pretty independent, and they will not stand  any nonsense from government officials or sharp practice  from the railway company.   Mr. Kellie, take notice.  The contract for erecting poles for the Kootenay Lake  Telephone Company's main and branch, lines has been  awarded to Monaghan, O'Ray & Kennedy. The contractors will start at Balfour and work towards Nelson. The  poles are to be 25 feet long and planted 4 feet in the ground.  The contract price is $1.25 per pole. Part of the wire and  instruments was shipped from Montreal on the 14th. More  than half the capital stock ottered has already been subscribed by residents of Ainsworth, Balfour, and Nelson.  On this trip mr. Tunstall was accompanied by T. J. Len-  'dru'm and John Scoley. Mr. Lendrum will be the mining  recorder and constable at Ainsworth and mr. Scoley the  constable at Nelson. The latter is a full-grown man and  the boys had better be careful how they fool with him.  After spending 2 full weeks in the whirl of business in a  live town, Frank Teetzel and Fred Hume have gone back  to Revelstoke for a needed rest.  The boat building at Bonner's Ferry for the upper Kootenay trade is ready for t he machinery; but like that for the  boat building at Little Dalles, no one seems to know where  the machinery is.  J. S. Bennett of Kamloops, census commissioner for the  Yale census district, arrived at Nelson on Tuesday to appoint enumerators for the Kootenay Lake country. A.  Fletcher will count the inhabitants of Trail, Robson, and  Nelson, and the neighboring mining deistricts, while A.  R. Hughes will do the same for Ainsworth, Balfour, and  Rykert's custom house, and the adjacent mining and sawmill camps. These gentlemen should be treated courteously and receive-prompt answers to the questions they  ask, as the information is in no instance to be made public.  R. A. Bainbridge has sold his. interest in the Kootenay  limekiln to E. J. Duchesnay.    ;  N. Hoover has started a brickyard at the eastern limit of  the townsite, and has several thousand brick molded.  He claims that the clay is of superior quality, and that the  bricks will be the finest ever seen in the province.  Personals:   W. McCraney of Vancouver is visiting the  lake country-   Mr. McCraney formerly represented Hal-  ton  country,  Ontario, in  the Dominion parliament.   He  now says that neither political party has any use for independent men.   R. Strathern arrived from Donald on Friday and will have charge of Hunt & Dover's jewelry store  at Nelson.   W. J. Pace came in from Vancouver with D.  McGillivray to help the latter carry away the profits of his  Nelson   real   estate   speculations.      J.   Z.   Choate,   who  superintended   the construction   of   the  railway  bridge  across   the   Kootenay  and   the  railway, wharf   at   Nelson,   left   for   the   coast    on   Friday.      Mr.   Choate   is  undecided   whether  to   engage in  growing  peaches  at  North Bend or wheat in north Idaho.    Gorman West is  down from the Silver King for a short rest.    The boys at  the mine say Gorman is the best cook in America.   J. H.  Fink, mayor of Ainsworth, took a run down on Tuesday to  consult with'the;-mayor-"' of Nelson, but did riot find that  official at home.    "Billy" McLean and "Jack" Gibson came  over from Sproat this morning.   The one left a maid in  tears,  the other found one wreathed in smiles.    J. W.  Reade returned today from a first trip to Hot Springs district.   He reports too much water in that camp to allow of  an intelligent report being made on its mining properties,  but says that the camp promises to be a good one, as the  country appears to be well mineralized.  J. H. Howarth, a watchmaker and jeweler from Pembroke, Ontario, has opened a shop on East Baker street.  The third in town.  At last, "Jim" McDonald has arrived at Nelson with  that stock of furniture.    "Jim" promised to bring it last  summer; but then he has lived so long on the main line  that he has become a little slow-geared.   The stock is on ,  exhibition in the Houston & Ink block on Josephine street.  Fine line of American boots and shoes at Lemon's.  Carload of crockery and hotel supplies very cheap at  Lemon's.  Carload of stoves and ranges very cheap at Lemon's.  Kcal ffisiate Transactions.  This week transactions in Nelson real estate  were confined to sales of a few Baker street business lots and to one or two building-condition  residence lots. J. B. Old of Butte, Montana,  purchased a 30-foot lot on West Baker street at  $50 a front foot, and R. GvTat.l6.wof Vancouver  one at the same price. N. W. Aldons bought a  Bluff street building condition at $425..  EKopcs to Make a Trial'Trip in Six Weeks.  Two carloads of machinery have arrived for  the new boat at Nelson, and will be placed in  position by engineer Patterson of the steamer  Lytton. Mr. Stephenson has the wood-work of  the cabins well advanced, and hopes to see the  boat make a trial trip within 6 weeks.  PjicJie<8 * Down.  The 2 Huntington mills that were on the Cottonwood Mining Company's property, 4 miles  south of Nelson, were packed down to Nelson  this week, and will be forwarded over to the  Whitewater mine on Hover creek.  LAY-OVER  Notice is hereby given, that in consequence of the prevailing high water all alluvial mining claims situate on  Hall creek, in the District of West- Kootenay, will be laid  over until the 1st day of July. G. C. TUNSTALL,  Nelson, May 21st, 1891. Gold commissioner.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  REAL ESTATE AND MINE'S.  :        CONVEYANCING.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission.   Conveyancing documents drawn up.  Correspondence solicited. v  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  Postofnce Store,  Nelson,  IS. C.  AND GENTS' PUENISHING GOODS.  ALSO,  FULL LINES OF  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  TRAIL,  B. C.  TOPPING & HANNA............ Proprietors  tittml tabic;  ������ood l>e������ls ;   Hi as close liquors.    ;  BCA&FOaJR,   B. C.  ZBO^_T   IBTTIILIDIEIRS..  Hold your orders for Peterborough  canoes until you scr-  specimens of our work and obtain our prices.  NOTICE.  Genelle Brothers, lumber manufacturers of Tappen Siding and Sproat, beg to inform the people of Nelson and  vicinity that they have arranged to open a lumber yard at  Nelson by the middle of May. They will undertake to furnish lumber of every description, either rough or dressed,  at low figures, and will guarantee to give satisfaction to all  purchasers.  Sproat, May 9th, 1891.  NOTICE.  O. B. Benson, of the Elete photograph gallery, hereby  gives notice that he will remain in Nelson but two weeks  longer, removing thence to Ainsworth.  Nelson, May 23rd, 1891.  r'aPj'S  m^^i^Mmmmmmms^m^^MSM

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