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The Miner Mar 21, 1891

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 Only Paper  |       Printed  in Oie  Kootenay lake Mining districts.  For Rates  of Subscription and  '.Advertising  See Fourth. Page.  tfUMBEB 40.'  NELSON,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,   MAECH   21,   1891,  $4 A YEAE.  REPORT -OFoTSIE   MINISTER'"  OF    MIMES.  The report of the provincial minister of mines  for. the year ending December 31st, 1890, contains statistics that are interesting. The yield  of gold tor the year is given at $494,486 and that  of silver at $73,984. The number of miners employed was 1342 (exclusive of over 300 employed  working on or prospecting for quartz claims).  The average yearly earning per man is given at  $423, as against $330 in 1889, There was a decrease in the gold yield for the year, as compared with the yield for 1889, which is partly  accounted for by the absence of returns from  Cassiar district 'and may he attributed also to  the exhaustion of some of the long-worked  placer claims in Cariboo district, and to the  smaller hum her of men engaged in alluvial mining in Lillooet and Yale districts���������the yield of  gold, except that from the Poorman mine at  Nelson, being the product of alluvial mines.  On the other hand, there is an increase in the  production of silver from $47,873 to $73,984, the  yield being entirely from the Kootenay Lake  '-���������country. ':  In West Kootenay district the quartz claims  are   distributed   as  follows:     Hot  Springs 354,  Toad Mountain 219, Trail Greek 115, lllecillewaet  50, Goat River 12, East Arm Arrow Lake 8, Fish  Creek 3; placer claims���������-Toad Mountain 62, Big  Bend 6.    The  number of miners  employed in  the districts is given at :    Hot Springs 190, Toad  Mountain 140, Trail  Creek  50, lllecillewaet 25,  Goat River 10, Hendryx's Blue Bell 8, Big Bend  16,; Fish  Creek: 2, Arrow Lake, 2.    The  wages  paid range from  $3 a day for quartz miners at  IlIecillewTaet to $4a day for placer miners in the  Big Bend.    All quartz miners employed at Hot  Springs, Toad Mountain, Trail Creek, Hendryx's  Blue Bell, and Goat River received $3.50 a day.  In East Kootenay district the yield of placer  gold amounted  to $37,000 (an increase of $1100  on the previous  year), Wild  Horse Creek producing $32,000, Perry Creek $3000, Palmer's Bar  $500, Moyea River $500,  Weaver Creek  $1200,  and Bull River $200.    Promising prospects have  also   been  obtained   on Quartz  creek,  18   miles  from Donald.    A company of miners took  Up  ground there last fall, and have been constructing a ditch about a mile .and a half in length,  intending to put in an  hydraulic plant in the  spring.  Thedistrictis amost promising field for  the    quartz     prospector,    the     mineral     lying  in   two   main   belts.      That   at   Ottertail   and  Field, in  the  Rockies, appears  to be  local, no  continuation of large extent having been traced;  that of the Selkirks commences at the head of  the north fork of the Spiiimichene river and runs  thence in a southwesterly direction through the  McMurdo district  to Vermont creek, thence to  Horse-Thief   and   Toby   creeks,   gradually   approaching the Columbia valley add passing into  the Rockies to the south of the Columbia lakes.  The minerals discovered up to the present time  in this belt are gold in suiphurets (free milling  at the surface), silver-bearing galena, and grey  copper, and are  high  grade, assays as high as  $1024 to  the  ton   being  obtained.     A  decided  stimulus has been given to mining and prospecting   by  the  erection   of  a  smelter   at   Golden,  which is now ready for the treatment of ores.  Owing to the distance of the producing claims  from navigable water on  the Columbia, the ore  shipments of the year were not large, the claim-  owners   on   Vermont   creek   shipping   35   tons,  those on Copper creek 6 tons, and those of Jubilee mountain 30 tons.    One hundred and forty-  three new claims  were recorded  in the district  during  1890, and   241   free   miner's   certificates  issued. ,  I&rowned  in the 4'oEumbfin.  A   young   man    named    "Dan"    Reed    was  drowned   in the   Columbia river  below Sproat  on Friday of last week. Foreman Lindquist,  Reed, and "Dave" Ferguson, of the crew who  are engaged in removing obstructions from the  channel of the river, were in a boat hauling in a  line used for hauling purposes up and down the  rapids.    In doing so, the rope slipped across a  rock and   threw the  boat  broadside against a  large boulder in the middle of the rapids, breaking her in two, the bow end, in which Reed was  seated,   going   down   stream.     Lindquist   and  Ferguson saved themselves by clambering onto  the boulder.    Reed jumped from the wreck, and  being  a powerful   man   and a good  swimmer,  struck out for the east bank, and swam until he  obtained a footing on a sandbar or a boulder,  where he remained standmg for a minute.    Apparently,   on   making a first step toward   the  shore he again got  in to  deep water, where a  strong current running toward the west bank  was encountered.    Reed, handicapped in having  on a pair of heavy rubber boots, seemingly was  unable to  make  headway against the current,  as  it gradually carried him farther away from  the east bank and down toward the big eddy at  the mouth of the Kootenay, where he was lost  to view.    The accident occuring at'.6 o'clock in  the evening, a number of the men employed on  the work were ashore, but the nearest rowboat  being  at the  upper riffle, fully a quarter of a  mile distant, it was not reached in time to render  Reed assistance.      An Indian  camped opposite the scene made ah-'.'attempt in a canoe to  reach him; but the current was too strong for  the successful handling of so light a craft.    As  soon as a boat could be launched the two men  on the boulder were rescued, and afterwards the  eddy was visited  in   hopes that traces of Reed  might be discovered.    The two following days  were spent in  dragging for the body, but without success.    Reed was about. 27 years of age,  full 6 feet  in height; fair complexion, quiet in  disposition, and considered one of the best men on  the work.    Nothing is known as to his nativity,  although he is believed to have been from one of  the southern states; no letters or papers were  found   among   his   effects.     Last   summer   he  worked with Lindquist on the steamer Lytcon,  and was chopping wood at the Narrows when  hired for the work at which he met his death.  A    STATEMENT    OF   FACTS.  The attention  of mr. Robson is called to the  following facts that bear on the appointment of  a gold commissioner for the southern   half of  West Kootenay district  or  on the removal of  the gold commissioner from his present location  to a more central and accessible one.    According to the report of the minister of mines, there  are 830  companies  or claim   owners   working  quartz and mineral claims in thedistrict.    Of  this number, 6 in* the Big Bend,  50 at  lllecillewaet, 3 at  Fish  Creek, and 8 on the east arm  of Arrow Lake are in   the northern half of the  district, and within 30 to 70 miles of Revelstoke.  The remaining 763 are  at Hot  Springs,   Toad  Mountain, Trail Creek, and Goat River, no one  of them  70 miles distant  from  Nelson, and no  less.than  636 of the number are within 30 miles  of Nelson.     Although  the duties of gold commissioner are performed  by an official who acts  as assistant   commissioner of lands and works  and government agent, there is no good reason  why that official should be stationed at the maximum distance from the source of the business he  is paid to look after.     Although  the southern  half of the district contributes two-thirds of the  revenue,   has  over seven-eighths of the mines,  and contains fully two-thirds of the population,  yet the seat of government is located at a point  from 150 to 250 miles distant from the people of  the  southern   half.     Revelstoke   is  distant   145  miles from Sproat, 175 from  the mines on Trail  creek, 175 from  Nelson  and the mines  in Toad  Mountain   district,  195  from   Balfour, 205 from  Ainsworth  and  the mines in  Hot Springs district, 205 from Hendryx's'Blue Bell, aud over 250  from the mines and ranches on Goat  river and  in   Kootenay   valley.     The   large   majority   of  the  people   of   the  district,   and not the small  minority, should be accommodated.  A. PRA���������TB���������AR&E'  PASS   RFI������ORTFfl>   FOUNS*.  The Canadian Pacific people are making an  effort to find a practicable pass through the  mountains on the west side of the Columbia  river to enable them to extend the Columbia &  Kootenay from Sproat to a connection with  the Shuswap & Okanagon. The exploring  party is in charge of im% Duchesnay, and it is  reported that a feasible route has already  been discovered, although .it-will require an expensive tunnel. It is also reported that mr.  Duchesnay has discovered that which many  another engineer has failed to discover, that is,  a feasible route over Hope mountain. If these  reports are correct, within 5 years the main line  of the Canadian Pacific will be 150 miles south  of the present line, and through the best portion  of the province, instead of the poorest. Spokane  & Northern engineers are also reported in the  field between Little Dalles and the boundary  line. ..'.This news, in connection with a report  coming from Montreal that colonel Baker's  Crow's Nest charter has been acquired by the  Gait interest, who now own the road running'  from Dun more on the C. P. R. to Great Falls,  Montana, means that the southern portion of  British Columbia will have what it so badly  needs���������-railway communication to the east,  west, and south.  A Good   Way to Adverti.se  Our Mineral   Resources.  vOn the 11th, mr. Kellie asked the provincial  secretary the  following  questions:    1. ���������Would0  the government be willing to expend the sum of  $300 on each of the mining districts of East arid  West Kootenay, Cariboo, Lillooet, and Cassiar  for the purpose of collecting specimens of from  5 to 20 pounds weight from each of the promising mines ,in such districts? 2. Would the government be willing to pay the freight charges  and duty (if any) incurred in sending such specimens to the provincial museum here, to London, to New York, to Amsterdam, to San Francisco, to Glasgow, and to Chicago?  A  Fine Specimen from a  Fine Mine.  The finest specimen of ore ever brought down  ���������from,the Silver King mine is now on exhibition  at The Miner office.     It weighs 41 pounds, and  shows peacock copper, grey copper, and  brittle  antimonial   silver,   chips    from   the    specimen  assaying all the way from $75 to $10,800, the  average being $2010. The tunnel is in 20 feet  beyond the drift, and still in solid ore. Double  shifts are now working on both shaft and tunnel,  and the dajr is not far distant when British Columbia will -boast of having the richest silver-:,  copper mine on earth.  Navigation   Open.  At 5  o'clock   this  afternoon   the   Idaho  and  Midge both  steamed   up   the  outlet to Nelson,  the former in command  of manager Bush by- of  the Pilot Bay mills and the latter in command  of .rancher Davies. The latter reports the ice in  the upper river as still solid enough to cross on.  Mr. Bush by reports no ice in the outlet.  Picking   l.'p.  ���������'.."Joe" Fletcher of Ainsworth came1 in on., the  Midge this afternoon, and reports things picking  up in that camp. He also -reports a. scarcity of  supplies, butrexpects that the Galena will surely  be in by next Saturday/  Three  Feet  of iiolil  Ore  Exposed.  The tunnelon the Pioneer, a gold claim between Eagle and 49 creeks, i.> in over 20 feet on  the ledge,'exposing a 3-foot vein of free milling  gold ore, which assays from $20 to $30 a ton. .  "r- ...    _ i .in    i    m ii ii  i~r" ��������� ��������� i ~a ��������� fT ���������"*������ L������������ m*w !��������� ��������������������������� ��������������������������� ���������ji.'ui ������������������ mi   ^wf >niMniM>mwiii m *^ujim imiwh ������������������ jiii ���������      n     ������������������ li  mjitipiiPii mip>i>i||i|r^wiiip u,  nrvT,. ur jiPf>"|!ii^wl^iinnrfwnb w"i  ">yi"Jq".H"^l.J<"l ���������������������������^'������������������w ML" wiwili ifgr^w^iTriwwiiwwrT^iPw winiimi hiwhthmiuiijh,    wimhi ipi������irrTynjH> |i iiimi ������lu\wtV*" "J*" "'���������' A''"*<" .\~i~t   v ���������* * ���������       *m  iiji *i- -hijcp^1 v��������� Tj���������-������Mi   1 ��������� ������v5" "** T"'1" .���������V   ii"lUws-���������������try"**" THE  MfflEE:    NELSON,   B.C.,   SATUEDAY,  MAEGH  21,   1891.  -.ss;sT'a������:K' SLOW   OF   FOOT.  The murder case in which the territorial su-.  preme court ���������of Utah', has just ordered a new  trial has several rejiiarkabie features, the most  striking, perhaps,' being the lapse of 32 years between the perpetration of the double crime and  trie arrest of the accused. .,  Qu the night of April 24th, 1858, Henry Jones,  a young man living in Payson, XJtah, was pursued ;in([ shot   by a  band of .men said  to have  beeiy."commanded ��������� by George,, W. Hancock, a  captain in the famous Nau.voo Legion, Oh the  same  night  a   band  entered  the' littledug-out  , where Jones and his mother, brother, and little  4-year-old sister lived, and after a short parley  killed the woman in cold blood. The hodv of  Jones lay in  the highway   that  nisrht and the  .������.;-���������; next niorniiig after it had been stripped of all  clothing, was taken to the dug-out, dumped in,  the roof timbers were pulled out and the excavation was tilled up, constituting the grave of  iiiother and son., There was ho formalitv of an  inquest, no inquiry as to how the victims met  their death, and the matter gradually died out  in the .thoughts' of'.'everybody, except one���������the  little girl. The.'other'brother disappeared about  ;3 weeks after the killing.of his mother, and has  never been heard of. He.is supposed to ha.ve  shared the same fate.  Hancock has lived ever since then in Pavson,  where he has conducted a general store..' As  may be presumed, he is a Mormon, and up to  the present time very few Gentiles have lived in  his vicinity.    The little girl was taken  charge'  *' ���������.-���������," o o  of, grew tip to  be a woman, and married.    But  ;she never forgot, and her remembrance of that  terrible night  was one of the direct causes of  Hancock's arrest and indictment on  Marcl#,-8th,  1890, for murder.  '"���������.  The case was tried, and there was evidence to  show that Hancock went with a. party to the  ... dug-out'where'the Joneses lived -and asked for  ', Henry;   that mrs. Jones said she did not know  where  he was, but   that Hancock insisted that  she did, and, pointing his pistol at her, threatened her with instant death if she persisted in  refusing to tell him ; that she again disclaimed  any knowledge of her Son's whereabouts, saying  that he had left the house but a short time before;   that one of the party suggested shooting  the pair, but mrs. Jones begged them to spare  her children, especially the little girl, and that  she was evidently taken at. her word, for it was  'testified   that  Hancock -fired,  killing ,the  poor  woman instantly.  It was shown- that the 'party then set out  after Jones and found him. A skirmish ensued, in which he was shot through .the.-arm.  Throwing his gun away he ran for life towards  a little village known as Poudtown, where he  sought refuge with a. man named Wilson. The  party soon located him, and took him saying  that he was a horse-thief and that they would  take him back to Payson. Jones insisted that  all they -wanted--was-- to kill him, and so ��������� it  proved, for when about 150 yards from the  house, Hancock is said to have exclaimed:  "Slip it to him, boys," and in an instant Jones  was riddled with bullets.  At the trial Wilson swore to the facts herein  stated, and1 mrs. Ellen  Brown, the  little girlof  thirtv-two years before,.testified  to  the killing  of -her mother.    So vivid wa.s her  recollection  that even minor details.-were given clearly and  concisely.    She identified Hancock as the murderer, and said that she had watched5 him all this  time,   believing  that   some  day  justice  would  oyertake him.   Tii<' t es timon y was f ra gine1i1ai*y,  but   positive  in   i'ts^-character, and the jury returned a verdict of guilty of murder in the second degree.    The prisoner"-is seventy-six'years  old, and  his advanced age may have influenced  the twelve men in fixing the degree of the crime.  The court sentenced him  to fifteen years in the  penitentiary.    His consul appealed the case, and  the finding of the lower court has been set aside.  One witness will not appear at the next trial,  and that*one;is the little girl of the night of the  killing.    After the. first trial  she brooded over  the event to such an extent that, her reason left  its throne,'and. she died a few days ago in a mad-  house.   What the effect other death will be upon  the new' trial it is of course impossible to foretell.  But the authorities are-determined to  push the  matter.     The case is remarkable when the time  between   the  commission of  the deed and the  trial is  considered,  but viewed  in the  light of  other events, it does not affect the average inhabitants of Utah as it would an outsider. The  perpetrators of the massacre of Mountain Meadows^ were unmolested from 1857 to 1875, and then  Jolffl-D. Lee was made a scapegoat for the party.  The killing- of a", man in the name of the Holv  Trinity was not regarded here as a very serious  offense i ir days gon e by. Viewed from a Gen tile  standpoint! it.would'seem that the Joneses had  incurred the displeasure of certain of the Mormons and that their death was the result. The  case will come up for trial again next, month.  ���������   SSralssy. R>jis/"���������'E8elp������e.ss ��������� <Ureature.s.   ���������  Speaking of depravity, a young man named  Bruce Douglas died at the county hospital in  San Francisco a, few days ago. He was reported  to be the heir to a Scotch earldom, and had considerable talent as a poet and prose writer. He  was in his early twenties, yet he died of drink���������  n ot of steady soak ing, but as th e con sequen ce of  a succession'of violent, debauches. Although he  had not been here long, he had succeeded in disgusting all who .were' disposed to be his friends,  for the poor devil was capable of any lie or other  baseness to  R-et .drink  when Satan was riding  ev  him. ;������.He. was fortunate to die early.  The young Briton of good family who turns up  in San Francisco, writes a. newspaper man of  that..' city, used to be made welcome and was'  eagerly.-introduced into society, but that was  long ago. Now if a young gentleman arrives  an d d i s cl o s e s the f a c t. th at h e i s th e n ep h e w of  lord Haggis, or the third,son of the earl of Bare-  acres, everybody stands by and waits for a  month or'two-'to see what lengths his drunks go.  It is the custom of England's nobility and gen try-  to ship their black sheep, around the horn in a  liquorless -vessel-in the hope that a few months  of enforced sobriety will cure them of thirst.  Usually the moment the black sheep's foot  touches -land he and the bottle come together  with a rush suggestive of chemical affinitv. The  spree has its first headquarters at the Palace  hotel, soon comes into collision with the pawnshop, often invades the city prison, and expends  its remains on a sheep ranch���������whence the victim writes liume that he is investigating-the  possibilities of the wool industry, and hopes that  should he be ..satisfied:with the outlook capital  to enable him to become a proprietor will be  forthcoming.  There is not on earth a more helpless creature  than  the  young Englishman   of good family,  even though he be of proper habits, when he is  thrown on his own resources here.   Accustomed  tq the consideration due him at home as a member of a class, used to looking for help from relatives and friends, full of prejudices as to what  a gentleman may or  may not. do for his bread,  he goes to the bottom at once when tossed into  the  free-for-all scramble of an  American   city,  where the lowest, orders do not do hat-touching  to  impecunious  gentility.    One  young British  doctor I knew, who  was glad to  escape starvation and bedless  nights by sweeping out a San  Francisco  theater.    Hunger  forced an   Oxford  man to rejoice at the privilege of putting on a  coachman's livery.    A graduate of Trinity, Dublin, is a waiter' in a  Second-street restaurant; a  young sculptor���������-a fellow of ability,* too���������is carrying the hod and saving his money to get away  from this artistic Gehenna.    These youths are  not without brains, and they are not. kept down  by  vices.     They simply  have nothing  to  sell  that anybody   here   wants  to   buy.     They  are  well-bred, man 1 y, amia.ble and  wiliing enough,  experience having knocked the nonsense out of  them, but their training has��������� made them unadapted to new conditions.    In the British novel,  the hero, you. must  ha.ve observed, never drags  himself out of the pit of poverty.    His uncle always dies and enables him to marry the heroine.  Or he lives oil   his  mother, and  neither' he nor  the author is ashamed.  As -for the Englishman of the commercial  class, he is of a. different ��������� order of being altogether; and he holds his own in San Francisco with a grip that could not be exceeded in  tenacity hadhe been hatched by the American  eagle.  4������oo������l Advice for iSie  losing.  Pleasures are not of such a solid nature that  we can dive into them; Ave must merely skim  over them. They resemble those boggy lands  over which we must run lightly, without stopping to put down our feet.  DO NOT USE POOR MATERIAL  ���������'in buildings when first-class  are'for .sale in any quantity' by the  NELSOH:SAWMILL;: CO.  I'jirtil:   At ei2.������I  of S'Tiuaae io  Nelson.   ;'  Mail:   Two iMSales .South of tfel.soj*.  Builders concede that-- the lumber from- our .mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both: in the rough and   <  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  ���������..   . material from: us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in   any  part "of Nelson. .���������';.  0\JTi  r  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold   ���������  at low prices.  -;-M.'"S,, f>AVYS,       J.  W.  TOL������ON,:    :  MANAGERS.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mil! is  always ready for business. Lumber- good, bad, and indifferent ��������� on  hand or made to order,  '"V;\:,:V/-/';a:,0. BUCHANAN,  Nelson, January 15th.  PTTTT  Will contract for-the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  s  EASONED' LUiVIBEi  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.   ....-.;, c       Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Cor, Baker and Josephine Sts<  ARCHITECT,  CONTRACTOR  AND   BUILDER,  IVELS4MV,   s;. c.  Plans, specifications, and estimates furnished for  all classes of buildings. ���������  e������  host  T  CONTRACTOR  AND   BUILDER  Estimates made on all kinds of buildings, and contracts carried out. with expedition.  Hi  a  will do all kinds of  CLEARING AND CONTRACT WORK  in and about  Estimates given on work.  Postoflice address, Nelson.  IM LUm li ILMIfflllHMSH 11JI9UUM9  ecnmnrnmBwi  mmsuustatmmmtmvi^immiiummiiaMi THE 'MlffE'E;.^^^ MARCH  21,   1891.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  "���������'���������'nelson,-b.:.c.,.;-  T.. .;&   H. .MADDEN  .Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally" Located,-..  with a frontage  cowards Kootenay river, and is newly  ��������� '       furnished throughout.  .. t ieec ,'ie    t A is -in, S3  is supplied Avith everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED   WITH   THE   BES"  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TWQ-STOKY HOTEL BT NELSON.  The International lias a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE   TABLE. IS MOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE GIG-ASS  A1TD THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  JA3������  B,  ORADDOCK  PROPRIETORS  '"Tie  Pioneer Hotel of Toad I^ountain District."   j  AKEVIEW  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  ���������AH O  Y,  PROP RIE T O R S.  The reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  ���������MKAi������ -.BJAVSKfJLLEl>    liAK.OlE.'  In comhientingon the tendency of all employers to hire cheap unskilled labor rather than  skilled, the Journal of the national association  of machinists says:  We are taught by men who are supposed to  kn 6 w th at t h is, th e n in e tee i ith ce nt u i -y, i s th e  most  enlightened   period the   world   has   ever  known.    This probably  may be true, but if we  are to take daily occurrences for an example, ii"  we are to single Out our daily employment and  ���������see the-vast; difference existing between the '.con-',  d ition of "affairs' today and t hat 20 years ago, we  are compelled at once to realize that some one  has   been  guilty   of- mismanagement;    Twenty  years ago mechanics did the work, today butchers, shoemakers, and laborers are employed to  do the work of machinists and other trades of  which they know nothing.    What is true of the  machine shop is true in others as well, and we  are sometimes told these are handv men.    This  condition of affairs has  been brought about by  petty bosses who are seeking promotion, and in  order to gain the confidence of their employers  their first object is to reduce the wages if possible and likewise, turn out iiiore work than has  heeri   done   before and occasionally work in a  helper on some job that does not require much  ability to execute, and after he (the laborer) performs this feat he is ready to step on the next  job until he finally displaces some man who was  foolish   enough to  serve  an   apprenticeship   at  the trade expecting,a fair clay's pay in return  for his labor,   lb seems strange that men possessing  ability and  having the mechanical   skill  with which some of the. general mechanics Of  the present day are so  welt'enclorsed, should be  ���������unable.-to-see-the advantages to be derived from  employing skilled labor only.  ,  We were  employed in a machine shop at one time, in which  there  were probably about  one  dozen   drilled  presses  and a  man employed at  one,  but  out  of  this  number,  therewere possibly two who  could be relied on."to drill the holes where they  were wanted.   The other ten  broke, more drills  and spoiled more work than would pay three  first-class  medianics' wages, to say nothing of  the wages they received for smashing the tools.  Some  of our employers, when  matters of this  kind are brought to their attention by their employees,  tell them,  "We are running this shop  to  suit ourselves."    Such expressions show the  amount  of  intelligence of the men who make  them, and it is. a gentle reminder of  the adage:  " Where ignorance is bliss 'tis folly to be wis  ���������>���������)  An XiuUistvy  that SSiosaM he Encouraged.  When there occur a few failures.in mining operations, the faint-hearted at once commence to  decry the industry and to predict its final'abandonment in the section in which they live.    It  has been so in British Columbia several times.  But only a short time elapses before a revival  sets in, and former croakers become more enthusiastic than the ones who succeeded in opening up good properties. The principal industry  in the mining districts of the province has been,  is now, and will continue to be, mining for a  century to come. -While'horticulture and ag-  riculture will be carried on to some extent, and  orofitablv, too, the main reliance will be iiiin-  ing. There are possibilities not yet dreamed of  in Cariboo, Yale, and Kootenav. Mining makes  a. market for the. farmers and gives business to  the towns. It produces a circulating 'medium  that the world needs and must have. It makes  a section of the province prosperous that,"would  otherwise, be very thinly-populated. It gives  patronage to iron-workers, transportation companies, mechanics, and in fact to all lines of  business. Hence it should be encom-aged by all  citizens.  Tk������'. tHiicf of t,hc..<!<������!vill<������.s   I><'.-s������I.  Kettle Falls Pioneer, February 26th: From  art Indian we obtain the information that  Ta.nascot, the old and venerable chief of the Ool-  vilie Indians, passed over to the beyond the beginning of last week to join his forefathers in  the happy hunting grounds. It has been known  for some time that the old man, who was well  advanced in years, could not survive much  longer. He therefore called the remnant of his  once powerful tribe around him a few weeks ago  to bid them farewell. He had lately undergone  a. surgical operation on  the eyes, one of which  had to be removed, and the terrible strain from  this on his nervous system, combined with old  age, is thought to have been the cause of his demise. AH through life Tanascot has been a  warm friend of the whites. In early days it Was  his warning that put many a mail, on his guard  and prevented the wholesale massacre of the  settlers. His house was ill ways open to them,  as many a, prospector will testify. During  colonel Steptoe's campaign it was Tanascot's  sound advice and counsel that prevented a general uprising of all the Indians in the Pacific  northwest. At the council-...of. chiefs that was  called to treat with the government, after this  campaign, Tanascot's sound and persuasive arguments had great weight and were the cause  of saving the government many thousands of  dollars. To the" early pioneer settlers and prospectors, who remember the many acts of kindness received at his hands, this will be sad news,  and although a savage, who was taught from  infancy to rob, pillage, and murder, his better  traits predominated, and he goes to his grave  honored and esteemed by all those who had occasion to seek his aid ; and were he a white man  an imposing shaft would be erected over his remains in "commemoration of his self-sacrificing  devotion, hospitality, and true friendship. [Tan-  ascat's ranch was at the mouth of Curlew creek,  Kettle River valley, Washington, and at the  time of his death he owned quite a large herd  of cattle.��������� Editor: Miner.]   a    <���������  ' '  "Wltwl  <,Bjg   Strsmgci* is   Amoiig'us'Take   BBiin   in."  It is strange how absorbed the -average man  will become in shaking the dice for the drinks.  The other day a Sproat man,...while in Nelson,_  became so absorbed in trying to beat a pair of  trays that he allowed one of the party to cut  the peak from off his little deer-stalking cap.  TEL  _u   JUJ Jul  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  ���������'NKLSO.\, IB.-'���������.-'  SODERBERG  &  JOHNSON.  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of'both mountain and river.  THE   ROOPvlS  arc comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE   TABLE  is  acknowledged   the  best  in the mountains.  THE   BAR  is stocked with  the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons' ,  celebrated brands,   o  FLINT  & GALLOP, Proprietors.  The HALEOOR commands a line view of the Outlet and  Lake, and will be kept; second to no hotel in  Hoi. Springs district.  J.lalfour is easily accessible to the mines  in   Hoi   Springs  district, arid is in the center of a, large a. re. a- of mineral country not yet .prospected.    it is also  within easy distance of tin; Kootenay .  Lake and Pilot Bay sawmills.  ^tasl  iH i������*  S  Tit ALL.'CREEK, I*. C.  W.   It.   a'OIIB/TON 5������B:������3*K2������:;'S,������S&'  The Gladstone is the best kept hoic! in the I raw (reek  mining district, its proprietor being a caterer of experience.  The table will always be .supplied with thy best of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with -b-noe liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Son* pure rye  whiskies.    Good stabling for animals.  wm,  M������MM������M������Bi������������M^ ill  1 i  m  THE  MINEE:   JTELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  MAEOH  21,  1891.  Ill  iJ:  ������  111  r!  1  (I  "-'^ -  W ���������  ,;������  The Miner is prixted on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months ������2.50, one year $f.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate.of ������3-an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Birth Notices free if weight of child is given; if  weight is not given ������1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from $1 to $10���������according...to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name. Communications with-such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Jon Printing  in good style at fair rates.   Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  -���������in .-stock. ; *. "';"-.   ". '  Address all Letters:  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  'KlilTOKJML    REMAUKS.  The hill granting a charter to the Nelson &  Fort Sheppard Railway Company passed its second reading by a vote of 24 to 4, and was to  have come up for its third reading on the 11th  instant. It will, no cioubt, become a law. If so,  the road will he built to Nelson within the year,  as it is reported engineers are already in the  field locating the route from Little Dalles north  to the boundary line.  ,  The bill amending the Land Act is meeting  w(ith considerable opposition, as it should. The  bill divides the public land into three classes,  and places a price of $1 an acre on that which  , is considered pasture land and $5 an acre on  that which is considered agricultural. The mere  fact of raising the price per acre on land classed  as agricultural will not prevent its being purchased by speculators. The land should be sold  to actual settlers only, and on easy terms of  payment. ___  One of the provisions of the bill entitled "An  Act to amend the Assessment Act" is that the  assessor may class as improved land, and relieve  from wild land tax, any land upon which a fair  average number of cattle or sheep are in his  judgment bona fide pastured/and; in estimating  such fair average he shall not require that more  than one head of cattle for each five acres, nor  more than one head of sheep for each acre, shall  be pastured upon the land, and he may in estimating such fair average allow one head of cattle for each thirty or not less than five acres, or  one head of sheep for each acres or not less  than one acre. The large stock owners of the  province are not making any decided objections  to the bill, as it practically exempts their land  from taxation. ���������'��������� .. '  Cariboo is one of the districts in which an  election was not held on the 5th. This is be-  cause its boundaries include inaccessible polling  precincts, and to allow the electors of these precincts time to learn that parliament was dissolved and an election ordered, the polling day  was set for a later date than in accessible districts, like Yale-Kootenay for instance. Mr.  Barnard, anon-resident, is being opposed by dr.  Watt, a resident of the district. If for no other,  dr. Watt should be returned for the reason that  he lives in the district he seeks to represent.  Edward Blake, at one time leader of the Liberal party in Canada, in a letter to his old constituents in South Durham declining- renomina-  fcion said : "Assuming that unrestricted trade  " or commercial union may and ought to come,  " it can and would come only as an incident or  " well understood precursor of social union. If  " we want political union, we should be able to  " make better terms before than after the surrender of our commercial independence.  "Holding these views, I hold the public mind  "is not prepared to pronounce upon the trade  " issue and its consequences."   In other words,  mr. Blake holds that annexation would be sure  to follow commercial reciprocity, and that it is  inevitable in the end.  The Kootenay Lake country is the very heart  and center of the vast district lying between the  Columbia and Kootenay rivers and extending  for a hundred miles to the north of the international boundary line���������one of the richest mining  sections in America. Within its,limits are true  fissure veins and enormous deposits of high-  grade and low-grade ores, carrying gold, .silver,  lead, copper, and nickel. Yet, withal, there are  many thousand square miles of country unprospected, not even explored. With climate and  scenery that cannot be excelled any where on  earth; with water sparkling like crystals and  cold as the glaciers from whence it flows ; with  air invigorating and life-giving ; with streams  teeming with speckled front and woods alive  with game. With all these is there not something  solid on which to base the claim, that in no other  section of the Pacific coast are there such opportunities for the prospector, the miner, the business man, the home-seeker, and the tourist ?  Although Canada has a population of less than  a tenth of the United States, yet it keeps abreast  with that  country in scientific research.     The  geological survey of Canada is under the supervision of men who rank high as geologists, and  their reports are considered to be both accurate  and scholarly.    Now that tbe mineral resources  of Canada are attracting attention  of  mining  men   in   both   Europe   and   America,   the   researches made under the direction of the geological survey are proving of great value.    The result of these researches are not hidden away in  "blue books" issued once a year by the government but are given to the public in the shape of  "Bulletins of the Geological Society of America."  The latest bulletin issued is on the nickel and  copper deposits of Sudbury district, in Western  Ontario, and is of interest to the people of the  Kootenay Lake country for the reason that like  deposits are generally believed to exist within a  few miles of Nelson. Sudbury district is situated  to the north of lake Huron, and is in the course  of   the   best   known  and  perhaps the longest  Huronian belt in Canada.    The gneiss and red  guartz-syenite of the district replace or pass into  each other in such a way that it would be very  difficult to represent them separately on a geological map.    A singular feature about them is  that both kinds are in many places broken up  into separate masses like large and small boulders, the inter spaces being filled  by a breccia  with a dioritic paste.    The stratified Huronian  rocks and also gneiss and quartz-syenite of the  district are traversed by dikes of gray, coarsely  crystalline diabase, which are often large and  can be traced for considerable distances.     Their  commonest   course   is    about   west-northwest.  The nickel and copper ores for which thedistrict is becoming famous are not confined to the  undoubted Huronian rocks, but are equally abundant within   the   gneiss and   quartz-syenice  areas.    The ore consists in all cases of a mixture  of  copper pyrites and   magnetic  iron   pyrites,  carrying   a   small   percentage   of nickel.     Although, as a) .'tile, magnetic iron pyrites (pyr-  rhotite)   whenever   found,   contains   traces   of  nickel   it   has   only been   detected   in commercial quantities in a few places in oil-     parts of  the  world.     The investigations  of dr. Robert  Bell  in the Sudbury district  have shown  that  the combined nickel and  copper ore "~ found on  or near certain lines of contact between diorite,  on the one hand, and gneiss or quartz-syenite  most frequently on the other.    The ore seems to  have been derived in all cases from the diorite,  but, for some reason, the proximity of the gneiss  or quartz-syenite appears to be also favorable  for the production of the large deposits. Numerous analysis of the ores have shown that the  I nickel is confined to the magnetic iron pyrites,  in which it is present in the proportion of about  1 to 5 per- cent. The "Bulletin "is the joint  work of dr. Robert Bell and dr. George H. Williams. . -,...j_/_.  A government that takes the first opportunity  presented to repeal an unjust or unwise law is to  be commended, therefore  the Robson  govern-  in en f is entitled  to the  thanks of the men engaged in the mining -industry for introducing a  bill that repeals section 43 of the Railway Aid  Act.    Section 13 reads as fellows:   "The lieuten-  " tenant-governor in council may grant to the  ���������"'company,   upon   condition   of   its  complying  "with   its act of  incorporation, and   with this  " act, and upon and subje c11o suc'h regu 1 a t i o n s  " as may be made by order in council, the right  "for twenty-five  years from completion of the  "railway, to exact and collect a percentage not  " exceeding five per cent over and above work-  " ing  expenses,   on  gold  and   silver  extracted  "from ores which may be found upon any of  " the lands granted by the lieutenant-governor  " in council to the company; but such-;.percent-.  " age shall not apply to mines which may have  " been acquired before and are held by mining  "companies or individuals at the time of the fil-  " ing by  the  railroad company of its  map or  " plan under the Raiiway Act, showing the- line  "of the proposed railway, nor shall such per-  " centage apply so long as such mines are held  " by such mining companies or individuals, or  " their lawful  successors  in   title."   Intending  investors in mines in  British Columbia, therefore, need  no  longer  fear  being compelled  to  share  the  proceeds  of their enterprise 'with a  railway corporation.     '__  Now that the royalty clause is a thing of the  past, agitation and opposition to the Columbia  & Kootenay Railway Company placing 4-mile  blocks on occupied and recorded lands should be  recommenced with vigor. A survey is now  being made of the block that includes within its  limits the townsite of Nelson and a number of  recorded mineral claims.  Much argumentation on the tariff question  has taken place in Nelson since the result of the  Dominion election was learned, the disputants  not having the opportunity to do so before the  election. That the argumentation has resulted  in changing the convictions of anyone taking  part in the discussions is doubtful. Unrestricted  reciprocity advocates remain free traders, and  restricted reciprocity supporters are still protectionists. We have before us a copy of the speech  delivered in Leeds, England, by sir Lyon Play-  fair on "The Tariffs of the United States." The  speech is, of course, a trenchant condemnation  of protective tariffs, from the point of view of  an ardent British free trader. The arguments  are for the most part familiar. He would, indeed, be a genius who could find anything specially new to say by way of argument on this  well-worn topic. Some of the facts quoted with  reference to the history of tariff legislation in  the United States and the present, state of the  struggle on the continent of Europe are of interest, especially at the present moment. Sir  Lyon Playfair quotes with profound astonishment, as well he might, the assertion of his  friend, senator Evarts, "a man of high intelligence and culture," that, "in our system and age  " of civilization, trade between nations stands  |ffiiJ������L������^k|������l������MM!������3^'telffiMWg^  agMigBmaHwaiUMMuna  ssBSHHSssstmswas  .Wj'lWMMWM'AI.'M.'lJ!!.1  UWJSMWWSBMMJSilW  iJ.HjtiWBWWHBaHlMBH������ THE  MIrJEE:    NELSOIi,   B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  MAEOH 21,  1891.  Dealers in Dry Goods, G-roceries, Provisions, Canned Qoods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty;  The stock is Ml and comnlete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods;  :'':"-,'V and compare Prices. "- -������������������������������������' -:.'.''" -...--,. ^ ,  Main Street, REJELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East^emoii Street. NELSON.  " for war ill a sense never to be overlooked and  "never to be misunderstood," and goes oh to  show what one would have supposed scarcely to  require argument, that commerce has done more  to preserve peace than any human agency.   The  example of one nation reacts upon another, and  '���������'may.-cause retaliation to be deemed to a certain  extent necessary, as in the case of Canada and  the United States.    But viewed as an abstract  principle it is hard  to account for the origin of  the notion that one confers a favor or a compliment in buying from another more than in selling to him, since it is clear that our purchases  are dictated by self-interest just as truly as our  sales.    In replying to the idea that commerce is  industrial war, sir Lyon quotes a sentence from  mr.  Gladstone  which  we do not remember to  have seen before, and Hie metaphor of which is  so forcible that we cannot refrain from quoting  it.    Referring to the good time of commercial  freedom coining,   mr.  Gladstone  says:    "Then  " will the ships that pass between this land and  " that be like the shuttle of the loom, weaving  "the   web  of concord   among   nations.'  Sir  Lyon's  reminder of  the history   of  the  43 per  cent tariff, "the tariff of abominations," established bv the United  States in 1828, onlv to be  reduced to 23iper cent in 1846, and to 15 per cent  in    1857,    is   deemed     by    him    prophetic    in  regard 'to the future of the McKinley bill.    His  arguments to show that there is no real relation  between tariff and wages and his answer to the  specious  plea   that   "a   cheap   country  means  cheap men and women," strike at the root of  protectionism in the United States.    How effective are the logical blows, is a, question in regard  to which opinions will vary, according to interest or predilection.   In opposition to the general  impression that the principles of protection are  becoming more and more firmly rooted in Eu-  rope, sir Lyon  quotes the leading chambers of  commerce in Germany in denunciation of a system   which  is   declared   to   have   well-nigh   destroyed the trade of some of its chief cities, and  points  out that   the exports of both Germany  and Italy are declining, while "in both countries  " there is an increasing misery among the pop-  " -.illation,   and   a   remarkable   exodus   of   emi-  " grants."    Referring to the prospects that Canada and the mother country will be driven closer-  together commercially by the McKinley bill, sir  Lyon reiterates an axiom which those who are  contemplating closer trade relations with either  England or the  United   States will do well to  bear   in    mind,   in   order to  guard  themselves  against  future  disappointment,   "trade   is   not  " conducted by   sentiment.     If   we   buy from  " Canada, she must buy from us."  Complete   Subjugation   of   Conscientious   Scruples.  Toronto Week, February 13th:    "It is a question which we do not   remember to have seen  discussed,  but  which  we   have  often  thought  might fairly admit of discussion, to what: extent  the element of conscience, that troublesome faculty which has so much to do sometimes with  making cowards, enters as a source of'what is  counted weakness into the lives of, say, many  successful business men or politicians.    Or, taking the opposite point of view, is there not some  reason to  suppose  that the absence,  or  what  amounts to the same thing, the complete subjugation of conscientious scruples, often contributes much more largely to, present success than  we are accustomed to suppose?    May it not be,  in short, that many a man in public or in business life gets a reputation for superior ability  when, were our analysis but a little keener, it  might be found that his apparent superiority is  due quite as much to a lack of scrupulosity as to  wealth of talent? The question is suggested just  now by the will-o'-the-wisp race which mr. Par-  '-ne.il   has   been leading  some of his former colleagues during the last few weeks.    We had, at  the tiihe of  the  commission   trial,  occasion   to  note the singular lack of the sense of honor, particularly in regard to veracity, of which he stood  convicted out of his own mouth. His admissions  on   the  occasion in  question, though  they  attracted little notice at the time in view of the  failure of the main  accusation, left  us and no  doubt many Others with the feeling that here  was a. man whose conscience -would never stand  in the way of the accomplishment of his purposes.  To say nothing of the peculiar treachery of the  social crime which caused the attempt to depose  him from the leadership, his whole course since  that event seems  to have been that of one who'  has been placed at a certain advantage over his  upponents by the fact that he has notbeen hampered in word or action by considerations from  which honorable men could not free themselves  if   they would,   and  would   not  if  they could.  The  latest  news  which makes   it.'.pretty, clear  that while he has  been  gaining weeks of time  by insincere negotiations with mr. O'Brien and  others, he has been   using that time diligently  in   strengthening   his   position   in   Ireland, sets  this sinister source of his peculiar strength as a,  leader in  a strong light.    The Hartlepool election was, as the London Spectator itself admits,  a, victory of mr.''Gladstohe over' lord Salisbury,  but it now seems likely that  mr. Parnell's bad  faith may more than offset any other advantage  that, may be gained by the Gladstonians.    It is,  in fact, pretty certain that mr. Parnell will succeed in  maintaining  his position   as head of a  powerful, albeit  the   most   disreputable, section  of the Irish party.   On the other hand, the "Nonconformist   conscience,"    however   unable   the  Spectator may be to  understand  its workings,  may be relied on to persist in its refusal to work  for  Home  Rule,   while' mr.   Parnell   keeps  his  place  as   Irish   leader.      Hence   the   indefinite  shelving  of  the Home Rule programme,  with  the probable   retirement  of   mi'. Gladstone, is  very likely to be an event of the near future, a  consummation for which, if realized, the Conservatives and Unionists should be deeply grate-;  ful to mr. Parnell."  The Assessment Work Was  Done   and l*ai������l for.  To the Editor of The Miner : In reply to  A. C. Fry's letter which appeared in The Miner  of the 14th instant, I beg to say that D. McGil-  livray of Vancouver has bought the whole of  the mineral claims now known as the Lady of  the Hills and Silver Belle.    With regard to the  sale being a wild cat affair, that remains to~ he  proved ; but,in respect to the assessment work,  it has  been  done  and  recorded by the undersigned, as the recorder's books will show, and  the money for the work was paid to the party  that did it in the presence of witnesses.    The  properties were relocated from the knowledge  obtained from  the  recorder's   books,  that   the  ground was   vacant   at  that  time,   and  consequently open for relocation to any free miner.  If A. C. Fry knew anything of what goes on in  the city he would have known   the how, when,  and whereof the doing and paying for the assessment work without even having to go to the  recorder's office at all.    As for any one in this  district advising D. McGillivray how to do his  business, or what  kind of schemes to go into,  the general idea of the public is that that gentleman is pretty wide-awake and not at all liable  to buy a pig-in-a-poke. W. Perdue.  Nelson, March 18th.  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants  obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.'  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  The  West  Kootenay  Mining  Company,  (Foreign).  Registered the 23rd day of February, 1891.  CERTIFICATE  OF  IlEGISTItATION.  This is to certify that I have this day registered "The  West Kootenay Mining Company,'-' (Foreign), under the  "Companies Act," Part IV., "Registration of Foreign  Companies."  The objects for which the company is established are :  To purchase and own mines and mining claims and real  property in the United States and Canada; also within  said localities to acquire water rights, tunnel rights and  other operating rights; also to own and operate mills, concentrating and reduction works and machinery, to reduce  ores, produce and refine bullion, and to sell or otherwise  dispose of same: also to buy, sell, or otherwise dispose of  any. mining property or bullion or other property, and to  do any and all things necessary to carry on a general mining, milling, and smelting business, and for such purposes'  to buy, construct, use, or sell flumes, ditches, tramways,  railways, water-ways, or boat lines or transit or transportation lines necessary for the business aforesaid.  The amount of the capital stock of the company is one  million dollars, and the number of shares into which it is  divided is one hundred thousand of the par value of ten  dollars each.  The term of the existence of the said company is fifty  years.  The place of business of the said company is located at  Ainsworth, Kootenay lake, British Columbia.  In testimony whereof I have hereto set my hand and  affixed my seal of office this 23rd day of February, 1891, at  the city of Victoria, in the province of British Columbia.  C. J. .LEGG ATT,  Registrar of joint stock companies.  tmmnmmmmxfmomxmxmGminm  i^iJi!jaM^iiM������mjjuiMi^  RntnamumtrraMra  EfmrattMmjmmmjiKamm THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   C,   SATUEDAY,   MAEOH  21,   1891.  ISM>YABii>    KIPLEN������  THE  YOUNG     ENGLISH      NOVELIST      SEVERELY  SCORED    BY   AN   ENGLISHMAN.  A compatriot of Rudyard  Kipling, obviously  Andrew  Liang,  thus  takes   him   editorially- to  task in the London Daily News'for. his recently  published articles on "Ain.er.ica:  Riuh'ard Kipling is displeased with America.  He does  not like its  ways,   .lie-'disapproves, of  its hotel clerks.    He is  offended by  its  accent,  especially  by the accent of its  women.    Lie is  disquieted   by,  its   interviewers;    and   on    that  point we can only say that we are not surprised.  But it is only fair'; .to say that there are interviewers in  other lands as well  as in the American states.    America mav have had the odious  distinction   of  inventing   the  interviewer,   but  other countries have had, the still more odious  responsibility ofAdopting and nationalizing and  multiplying  him..,.,. America  may  have sinned  by inventing him out of pure lightness of heart,  but surely the countries  that, forewarned and  therefore  foreamed,   encouraged  him  to  grow  and   blossom   and bourgeon and spread among  them are more culpable still than even his heedless inventors.    However, we are not going to  find fault with mr.'.Kipling- because he does not  like interviewers.    He says they have-no such  newspaper tribe in   India;   but then, can it be  that mr. Kipling never reads any of the Indian  newspapers?    Or can it  be that  in the Indian  newspapers   the  editors  invent,   the   interviews  without taking the trouble to send round the  interviewer to waylay bis victim?    If  we can  trust the evidence of our eyes, the interviews do  now  and   then   appear  in   Indian   newspapers;  but perhaps mr. Kipling's pointjs that it would  be more convenient lo have the interviews published  without having  the  interviewed   put to  the trouble of a call from the interviewer. There  certainly is something in that.  .  The, American, mr. Kipling says, has no language.     "He   is   dialect,   slang,   provincialism,  accent, and so forth."    Now that  mr.   Kipling  has   heard  American voices  all   the beauty  of  Bret Hai'te is ruined for him.    He finds himself  catching through the roll of Bret Harte's rythmical prose the cadence of Bret Hart's peculiar  fatherland.    It is rather a pity that a traveler'  should be so curiously sensitive.     It is rather a  pity too that a traveler should be so generator  so monotonous in h'is impressions.    We do not  know how .much of America inr. Kipling has  seen   or heard,  but  he  certainly   writes   about  accents as if he was under the impression that  New York and Vermont give tongue and tone  to America.    "Get an American lady," he 'say's,  "to  read   to  you 'How  Santa Glaus- Came  to  Simpson's Bar' and see how much is, under her  tongue, left of the beauty of the original."    An  Ainerican lady?    We are inclined to think that  such a reading, say by miss Ada Kehan, would  not be a bad thing to listen  to.    There are soft  sweet voices of women along the Pacific slope,  and there are musical tones in Virginia, and enchanting  accents   in   Louisiana.     Not  all  the  voices of Anglo-Indian women are like the voice  of  Cordelia,   and   there  are  doubtless  English  ladies whose reading from Shakespeare would  be sadlv to the oreiudice of the immortal bard  in the ears of a too sensitive listener.  If one is in-a'mood to find fault one finds/  reasons for fault-finding. Dickens strongly advised people never to travel with the preconceived idea, "How clever I am, and how funny  every one else is." Dickens himself, perhaps,  began his own traveling with something of this  idea, but his warning against it was only the  more justifiable on that account. Mr. Kipling  evidently went to America with the conviction  down deep in his soul, "How clever I am, and  how funny every one else is." His estimate of  himself is reasonable enough, but we distrust  his estimate of every one else.  In a certain Bohemian club mr. Kipling was  told some good stories, specimens of which he  reproduces. Is it possible that the little chestnut bell was not rung while these stories were  being told? For they are as old as the hills  from which the "plain tales" themselves have  come. The tellers of the stories must have felt  a fearful joy when they found they had got. hold  of a young man fresh from India to whom these  ancient narratives were new and amusing. Mr.  Kipling, it is right to say, is grateful for the  stories, even if he is not grateful for anything  else in America. His books are well appreciated  in  the  United  States.    He  was  recognized  in  America as soon, or almost as soon, as lie was  recognized here. It is certainly a sign and an  evidence of his independence of character and  the unpurchaseable toughness of his judgment  that he cannot be won over"by mere praise. If  he does not like a lady's accent he bluntly' says  so, even though the tones that grated on his ears  may have been -.rasping: out unmeasured, eulogy  of his latest and his favorite masterpiece. The  hotel clerk, 'whom he detests, may have observed  to him : ' 'Mr. K i pi ing, sir, T have read all your  books. Mr. Kipling, sir; I know all your books  backward." An ordinary author- would perhaps  be mollified a little, for the vanity of authorship  is a common weakness in the tribe., But mr.  Kipling is not to be'mollified.in1 this way. He  does not like the hotel clerk, and he thinks all  hotel clerks are built the saine way. He "goes  for" the hotel clerk accordingly. ,  Poor hotel clerks! We have heard, we have  read, we have dreamed, that some of them are  remarkably civil and obliging -persons. We  have been'told���������or have read in romance, perhaps���������of English travelers who have found  "much comfort in their American wanderings  from the courtesy and the kind attentiveness of  the hoter clerk. * But there are hotel clerks of  various kinds, and there are travelers of various,  kinds;-  Mr. Kipling finds fault with the slang of  America. There is, no doubt, a great deal of  slang in America. But the one virtue of American slang is that it is an effort to find new and  expressive phrases for new objects and new conditions in life. Our slang here is usually employed to give a second and what is supposed to  be a. comical name to something which has already a well-established and recognized name of  its own. This fact was pointed out and well illustrated by Bret Harte years and years ago.  We have a good deal of slang in England, and  judging by mr. Kipling's novels they must have  an immense amount of slang in the English society of Indian regions. Mr. Kipling's latest  novel, "The Light that Failed," is a story of  England and is" practically all slang. The men  and women never for one sentence, never by  any chance, talk pure English. The whole conversation is a mere jargon which to a foreigner  not well skilled in the English vernacular of  daily life would be a hopeless puzzle out of  which no dictionary could help him. It is all  very clever, very spirited, very much like the  real English life of the class the story describes  and of today, and in its very realism an American might find the easiest answer to ror. Kipling's charge about the overdoing of slang in  't3  n  the United States.  If mr. Kipling's dialogues were not true to  life in certain English society then mr. Kipling  would be still entitled, to find fault with the  slang of certain American society. But if mr.  Kipling's English slang is genuine���������and it is���������  whv talk of America as if it were the one country" on the face of the earth from the lips of  '.whose children comes forth the language of  slang? Some of the customs which mr. Kip-  ling'describes as still existing in America were  existing no doubt in the days of Martin Chuzzle-  wit, but from what we have heard, and still  more, perhaps, from what we have not heard,  we should not have been inclined to regard  them as existing now. Still, mr. Kipling is the  man who has been there and who ought to  know. It is some comfort to'any one who may  have to travel on the other side of the Atlantic  to believe that there are other things in America besides pompous hotel clerks and^ shrill-  voiced women and spittoons. No visitor is compelled to engage his".'attention only with these  subjects of study.  fiia<!aujts can  lie -IViiiy a������<i  ft4rc3i. osi OcJ*������si<m.  The Indian has an idea that the white man  lives in luxury oil the work of others, and yet  the agents are .constantly telling him that the  white man gets his living by labor. An agent  lectured old^Spotted Tail very roughly for the  idleness of his people. He told the old warrior  that the white man got his fine clothes, elegant  home, and choice victuals by hard -wor.,r; that  the white-man worked from morning till night  in field, office, or shop. Old Spot listened with  great profoundness till the agent was done, then  said the words had touched his heart deeply;  that he had heard something like that from  other agents, but nothing had ever so deeply  moved him. The advice had gone deep into his  heart and wrought a great conviction.  "I am convinced that what you say is true,"  said the old chief, "and I shall advise my people  to go to work. But we -must have tools with  which to work. We want the Great Father at  Washington to send us the tools���������and the same  kind of tools that his people work with. You go  and tell him to send us a lot of those green-covered tables with sticks and red and white balls,  and we will work from early sun-up till mid-,  night, as the men out here do," meaning the  soldiers who play On the billiard tables around  the military posts. Better irony is seldom  uttered by a white man.  Old White Cloud once entered a sutler's store  in ..western Nebraska .'.and'- announced his intention to make a tour of his friends'on f lie reservation further west. White Cloud was very proud  and vain. He said : "I am inuch traveled. The  white men know me far and near. The Indians  all know White Cloud. I am great. I am powerful. Me of heap influence; great leader, like  white politician. When I go about my friends  expect presents. "\Vhite man���������great white man  ���������make 'presents   when   he   travel.    I   want   to  '"make presents. Give me two caddies of tobacco.  Give uie three caddies."  And the old chief straightened up, and, posing,waited. The sutler told the mail about the  store to go' aud get  three plugs of tobacco and  ' give them to White Cloud. When the three  plugs, instead of three caddies, were handed to  the chief he took them and slowly raising his  blanket, placed them next his breast. Then he  folded his blanket closely about him and rose  several inches in height. For some moments he  looked sternly at the sutler, then broke the  silence: "White Cloud has traveled much.  White Cloud has seen many white men, but this  is the first, time he ever, saw'a'white man only  that high," arid, stooping, he placed his right  hand just three inches from the floor. The sutler was speechless. He was as bitterly ironical  as he was vain.  The imdersigned is prepared to do operative  dentistry'at his office, on Stanley street, from  2 to 4 P. AT. (Sundays "excepted),. All work  guaranteed for one year.   Terms strictly cash.  E. C.ARTHUR, A. SVB., M. D.  Nelson, B. G., February 27th, 1891.  T2II3    SPACE'   BS    KESKKVI2D   FOK  DRUGGIST.  Main Street, .Revelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DRUGS,   PATENT  MEDI0I������ES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  05GAR8    AT ' WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  IV!  &.  GO.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and. high-grade  furniture". .Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from ������0.50 to $500. Hotels furnished throughout. OlTieeand barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and��������� Donerty organs.  4 STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  If..  I have discontinued selling lots in Balfour for the winter  months. "This will give an opportunity for holders to improve the shining hours of winter by selling to their friends  outside CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, 1890.  ���������3a  m THE  MINER:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,  MAEOH 21,   1891.  NELSON MEAT MARKET,  ���������o - - -.'     "     ''.'.- ���������        ' . ' ',     ,���������.'.-''  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at railroad camps,  mines, and. all towns on Kootenay lake.  (having   the   contract   to   carry   her "-majesty's. ��������� mails)  SADDLE AND PAGE" ANIMALS,  for the convenience of travelers, will be kept on the trail  between Nelson and Marcus.  EXPRESS    PAC K A G E S  promptly forwarded from Marcus to Little Dalles, Trail  Creek, Sproat, Nelson, Balfour, and Ainsworth.  CORRAL AND STABLIMG  also, job wragor>s and saddle animals.  OPPIGE AND MAEKET:  N.Q. 11 EAST BAKER STREET  Pacific Eailway  OUS NATIONAL HIGHWAY. ���������  ��������� Through'-'Passenger. Service from Ocean to Ocean.  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay Lake Shippers'will be consulting  their   own   interests  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  STEAMER   "LYTTON"  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE  every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  VANQOUVEE,  NEW WESTMINSTER  OTICTOEIA,  TOEOlsrTO,  J    o  ST.  PAUL.  OISZIO-A-G-O'  AND ALL POINTS EAST.  For rates,  maps,   time-tables, etc.,  etc.,  apply to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D. E.  BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Frt & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B. C.  DEALERS IN  GROOEBIES  AND  SUPPLIES POE PE0SPE0T0ES AND MINEES.  BALFOUR,  located as it is at the outlet of Kootenay lake, will  be easily accessible during the winter to all  the mining districts on -the lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  iners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  Cl������EAJ������I--.".OF"- THB-WOEWS   NEWS.  Bar silver was quoted at 98J cents in New York on the  12i.h; lead,_ $4.27������@4.50.  The death of senator Hearst has caused a lively scramble  at the California, capital for the succession. The legislature at Sacramento is not by any means a high class one,  and it is well understood that whoever wantsthe vacant  senatorship will have to "put up." The California papers  are discussing the situation -'with great freedom. The  most prominent candidates are Charles N. Felton, a lawyer of ability, who has served two terms in congress, and  who is presumed to have the railroad backing; M.-M."Es-  tee, lawyer, politician, and vineyard owner, who is favored by Dan Burns, who aspires to be-the Republican state  boss; and M. H. I)c Young, publisher of the Chronicle, who  is'advocated by Crimmins and Kelly, Republican bosses  in San Francisco. On the 12th a ballot resulted: Estee 31,  De Young 21-, Felton 16, scattering 41.  Captain J. W. Symons, United States engineer corps, is  in Spokane Falls on his way to the upper Columbia river.  He and'party.-will start in at'the British boundary and  make an inspection and survey of the river for 400 miles  down stream, with a view to a removal of the'obstructions  to navigation.  Copies of a protest against the return of sir Charles Dilke  to the parliament of Great Britain are being put widespread circulation, not only in the Forest of Dean division  of Gloucestershire, where the Liberals have invited sir  Charles to become their candidate, but in almost every  part of the country. It is ho secret that the archbishop of  Canterbury and cardinal Manning have joined hands in  promoting this movement, which is being agitated by mr.  Stead. The protest has already created a feeling which  promises to result in a political upheaval should Dilke's  candidacy be persisted in.  A reply to the letter sent by the postoflice authorities to  the Canadian government, protesting against the use of  the Canadian mails by the Louisiana lottery, has been received from mr. White, assistant postmaster general, saying that the Canadian laws forbid the use of the mails for  all illegal and fraudulent lottery companies, and asking if  the Louisiana lottery is an illegal concern. '1 he recen t la w  passed did not declare the company illegal, and it is doubt-1-  ful if their letters can be excluded from the Canadian  mails. . '"��������� ���������   .  The people's convention of Spokane nominated D.' B., ���������  Fotheringham for mayor, Theodore Reed for comptroller,  P. F. Quinn for city attorney, J. S. Watson for treasurer,  and L...K. Boissonault for assessor.  .  John C. Swift, minister of the United States to China,  died on the 9th. Mr. Swift was an old-time Calif ornian,  and'was a lawyer of first-class ability.  The proceedings brought in London by colonel Hogan  against dr. Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett, member of parliament,  as co-respondent in his action for divorce against his wife  have been settled out^of court. The terms of settlement  involve the payment of $250,000 to colonel Hogan. < The  money was loaned by baroness Burdett-Coutts, Ashmead-  Bartlett's sister-in-law, wmo desired to avert the scandal  which a public hearing of the case would made certain.  John M. Palmer, Democrat, was elected United States  senator from 'Illinois'.on the 11th, receiving the votes of .101  Democrats and 2 Farmers'Alliance members of the legislature. Palmer was at one time a strong Republican, but  since the Greeley campaign, in 1872, has acted with the  Democrats.  The Dominion parliament has been announced to meet  on Wednesday, the 29th of April. The session is expected  to be a short one, not likely to be more than 2 months' duration. The government will have a majority of about 20,  the only cabinet officers not returned were Carling, minister of agriculture, and Colby, president of .the council.  In the Australian federal convention on the 4th sir  Henry Parkes moved that the Federal parliament consists  of a senate and house of representatives; that the Federal  parliament have authority to impose customs duties, and  that free trade prevail within the limits of the .federation ;  the parliament to have charge of the military and naval  forces, and the federal forces to be under one command.  The Chinese residents of Victoria have organized to appeal to the supreme court against the police raiding their  gambling dens. The vice has. been almost put a stop to,  and if the court sustains the police, Victoria will soon be  rid of Chinese dens.  According to an agreement made on the oth instant the  Blue Bird company of Butte, Montana, buys out all the interest held by Murray, not only in the Little Darling where  the conflict in rights arose, but in a.ll the adjacent claims,  paying therefor $60,000. The agreement opens with the  statement that J. A. Murray promises to make a deed conveying to the Blue Bird company all of his interest in the  Darling, Little Darling, Lena K, Sin fax, Uinta, and Nautilus'claims. This deed is to be held by Hogc & Brownlce's  bank until all the terms of the agreement'have been met.  In return for this .mr. Murray is to receive $60,000, of  :'which $10,000 is paid in hand. For the remaining $50,000  the company gives two notes of $25,000 each, payable in 27  and 30 months and upon the payment of which the deed is  to be delivered. The additional considerations are  that all the suits pending between the two parties shall be dismissed, each party to pay his own costs and  mr. Murray allows the company immediate.-possession of  all property named in the agreement. This will allow the  Blue Bird company, one of the largest in Butte, to resume  operations, and puts an end to litigation that promised to  be endless.   IDr. CaBuplMiIl   BSacIk J'roni   Eftenvvr.  Victoria Colonist, 5th : Dr. Campbell, manager of,the Revelstoke Smelting Company is in  the city.    He will  leave tomorrow morning for  Revelstoke, where he will meet L. C Boyle,  president of the smelting company, who is expected from London, England. He left Denver  on the 18th of last month. From Denver he  moved on as far as Spokane Falls and Marcus,  but was forced to turn back on account of the  inclemency of the weather. The doctor thinks  that  railway communication   is greatly needed  in that district, for although Ainsworth is only  about 200 miles from Revelstoke he has to come  via Victoria, and around by Spokane Falls to  reach it. He located several claims for the company last fall up in the Lardeaux country, and  says that the smelter is ready for work, only  waiting for ore. The mineral prospects of the  country look well, arid everything is in favor of  the Silver King inine at Nelson being one of the  - largest mines in the world.  WEST   KOOTENAY   DISTRICT.  1   -' ���������   ��������� ���������. ��������� ', '       ' r;     ,   '      '   ' ''���������   -  Notice is hereby given that assessed find provincial revenue taxes for 1801 are now due and payable at my office,  Nelson,"at the following rates:  IT paid on  or before the :50th  June.  One-half of one  per cent  on the assessed value of real  ,   estate ;.'���������,��������� -" <>   ���������  One-third of one per cent on  the assessed value of personal property;  Seven and one-half cents per acre on wild land.  If paid on or after the  1st July.'.'".  Two-thirds of one percent on the assessed value of real  . estate';. ,;. '  One-half of one per cent on the assessed value of personal  property; .," '.  Eight and one-half cents per acre on wild land.  T. H. GIFFIN, assessor and collector.  Nelson, February 10th, 1S91.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   OROWN^ GRANTS  Notice is hereby given that Richard A. Fry and -A. C-. Fry  have tiled the necessary papers, and made application for  a crown grant in favor of the Grizzly Bear mineral claim,  situated at Toad Mountain, West Kootenay district-  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their  objections to me within 60 clays from the date of this publication. G. C. TUNSTALL,  Revelstoke, January 29th, 1801. Gold commissioner.  Notice is hereby given that Richard A. Fry and A. C. Fry  have tiled the necessary papers and mn.de application for  a crown grant in favor of a mineral claim known as the Silver Queen, situated in the Toad Mountain subdivision,  West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their  objections to me within 00 days from the date of this publication. G. C. TUNSTALL,  Revelstoke, Januars' 29th, 1891.        Gold commissioner.  APPLICATION   FOR   WATER   RIGHT.  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take three hundred inches of water from a spring of  water how flowing in three branches through my preemption near Nelson, in West Kootenay district, at any point  from its source or throughout my preemption, to be conveyed across the land reserved by the government and my  preemption, to any portion of my said preemption or the  town of Nelson, where water will be required for irrigation,  manufacturing, milling, and household purposes; for a  term of ninety-nine years. J. D. TOWN LEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890.  APPLICATION   FOR   WATER   RIGHT.  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take one thousand inches of water from Cottonwood  Smith creek, near Nelson, in .West Kootenay district;  commencing at a point where the said Cottonwood-Smith  creek first enters my preemption or at any point where it  flows through or at. its exit from my preemption or thereabouts, to be conveyed through the lands reserved by the  government and my preemption to any portion of the' said  town of Nelson where water will be required for milling,  manufacturing, and household purposes for a term of  ninety-nine years. J. D. TOWNLEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the parliament of Canada at its next session for an act to  incorporate-a company with power to construct, equip,  operate, and maintain a line of electric telegraph and telephone from Sproats Landing on the Columbia river, in  Kootenay district, to the boundary line of the province of  British Columbia, together with all necessary powers,  'rights and privileges.  Dated at Victoria, B. C, this 12th day of Januarv, 1891.  CHARLES WTLSON, solicitor for applicants.  McIntyku & Codf., Ottawa, agents.  NOTICE.  During my.absence from Kootenay, T. Vincent Thurburn  of Baker street holds my power-of-attorney, and Mr. Saunders of Balfour to act as my.resident, agent"there, in accordance with-the terms of the laud act.  -CIlARLttS WESTLY  BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 2oth, 1890.  TISVSBER   LEASE.  Notice is hereby given, that thirty days after date we intend making application to the chief commissioner of land.?  and works for permission to lease for lumbering purposes,  for a term of twenty-live years, the following-described  tract of land situate'in West Kootenay district, British  Columbia: Commencing at a post 10 chains south of northeast corner post of M. S. Davys's limit; (hence east. 20  chains ; thence south 80 chains; thence east 80 chains ;  thence south 80 chains ; thence oast 40chains ; thence south  100 chains ;-thence west, 100 chains : thence north 100 chains ���������  thence West 20 chains; thence north 80 chains to point or  commencement; and containing 1800 acres, more or less.  NELSON SAWMILL COMl'ANY,  By M. S. Davys and J. W. Tolson.  Nelson, B. C, February 2nd, 1891. 8  THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   MAEGH  21,   1891.  Main Street;  EEYELSTOKE  railroad Ayenne.,  SPEOAT,  WSOT-.ESA.iE   ^JSTJD   S,ST^^IT_i  f T-Tf  k"    lit/  /H^iOi;.A'o.e  Agent for the Hamilton Powder "Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' 'Whiskies,  uor. -veraon.  '.'S.WAli-L  Kgi������&!  ITS    OF -vNBiWS.-  Spokane Review, 10th.: Captain George Hay ward of the  steamer (Galena-;'on.the Kootenay lake and river, left Sunday morning in..response to a telegram from dr. Hendryx.,  The steamer will begin making regular trips from Bonner's  Ferry to Nelson and other points on the lake the 23rd instant, provided no more severe weather comes. There are  several boat-loads of goods at the landing.  A numher-'of lots changed.ownership.this week at pretty  good figures. H. Scions sold lot 9 in block 8, a 30-foot, for  .^400, II. C. God den being the purchaser. William Perdue  sold lot��������� o in block <1 and lot 9 in block 3, both 50-foots, for  $950, II. Selous being the purchaser. Mr. Selous also pur-  chasod lot. 'I in block 7, a 30-foot, from' E. R. Atherton for  ���������S-tOO. James Clark and John X Mai one purchased lot 0 in  block (>, a 30-foot, from William Wilson and Fred Richardson for :-doUO. -The .last mentioned lot, was'purchased..for  $32C> loss than 2 months ago.  The ice in the outlet went out on Thursday, and now the  finest stretch of boating water in Canada is open from the  lake. Lo the falls, ������ miles below Nelson, a distance of 24  miles.  The bill granting a charter to the Kootenay Lake Telephone Company- passed its second reading in the legislature on the 4th.   If passed, Ainsworth and Nelson will be  connected by telephone by June 1st. '     -'-   .,'  Personals: J. A. Gibson, one of Sproat's representative  citizens, put in several days at Nelson this week. Before  leaving he made arrangements' to have the building adjoining' the Madden house fitted up, to be in readiness for  W. F. Teetzei's drug store. John McLeod, who also claims  residence at Sproat, put in a day at Nelson this week figuring on the relative values of Baker street 30-foot lots and  100-share blocks of stock in the Nelson Smelting & Mining  Company. Andy Whalen, Frank Fitch, Joe Street and  Aleck McDonald, 4 of Ainsworth's solid citizens, are in.  Nelson suffering with the "grip." Boys, you cant enjoy the  pleasures of a city without suffering some of life's discomforts. They all hope to be able to return to Ainsworth on  Monday, although mr. Fitch is still quite sick. M. S.  Davys of the Nelson Sawmjll Company returned this week  from a trip, to the coast. Re reports considerable activity  'in Nelson addition property and several sales in what is  known as the Hume tract,    e  The provincial directors of the Nelson Smelting & Mining  Company.are requested to meet at the otlice of the secretary, Ti East Baker street.  Work on the Grohman reclamation scheme at the rapids  .below Nelson .is-prog  low, a number of the  plaint.   How.ev'er, contractors Selous  up the work by April 15th.  The depot a nil warehouse of the Columbia & Kootenay  at Robson. the Columbia river terminus of that road, are  well under way.  The first election of officers of the Nelson Miners' Union  was had-on the night of the 16th, with the following result:  G. E. Ii. Ellis, president;' Andrew Whalen, ���������vice-president;  pressing as well as the "grip" will al-  workmen'being down with that corn-  it Lewis  will finish  W. A. Crane, recording secretary.;  T.'O.  secretary :  James A. Gilker, treasurer  Collins, financial  William Hunter,  George Ellis, A. Barret, finance committee; Price McDonald, Palma G'ragriaron, Eugene Callnin, M. C. Mohaghan,,  Frank L. Fitcli, trustees ;   William Hansen, Robert Yuill,  ��������� wardens : Alfred Trcgllus, conductor.    The union has already a membership -of 40. ���������  Even bets arc made that the Galena will be alongside  the Citizens' wharf before April 1st, and if a dream of one  of the bettors conies true, she will show up on the afternoon of next. Tuesday, the 21th.  We are beginning to believe that there is some truth in  the saying, "O, things move slow in the Kootenay Lake-  country !" from the fact that la grippe has just made its  appearance here, nearly a year after appearing in other  sections-of the province. Perhaps the hick of direct railway communication with the "wholesale center" at the  second crossing of the Columbia has had something to do  with its late arrival.  ���������Work .was commenced on the Columbia & Kootenay  railway wharf at Nelson this week. The bridge at the  crossing is so near completion that trains could be run  over it'if the rails were laid.  S;$asip3cs  of ILeSlers   BSccoivesl.  To the Editor ok The Miner: I wish you would be  so kind as to send me a copy of your paper, and if it is not  too much to ask of you, I would like to get a description of  your country and its climate ; also, if there is a chance for  work at building or mill wright work.    Are there saw-mills<  in' the town or near to it?   How is the land?   I would like  to get a map if there is any in the town.    Please lot me  know your opinion of the country.       CHARLES COLE.  Kccwatin, Ontario,-March 2nd, 1891.  The Kootenay .Lake country is mountainous,  with here and there sin all areas of creek bottom  and  bench  land  suitable for  cultivation.    The  resources of the country are mining, the. others  being entirely dependent on the developtnent of  that   industry.      The  climate   is  probably  the  "healthiest in Canada, the winters ..-beginning, in  December and ending in  March.    The chances  ���������for work at the building trade depend entirely  on  the skill of the workman; so far, few good  ���������mechanics have gone idle.    No  doubt, a large  amount of money will  be expended in the near  future in the way '"of buildings, mills, and, reduction   work ; but The Miner will not  take the  responsibility of inviting  mechanics   to   come  here  because of the favorable outlook;    There  are 3  saw-mills  in   the lake  country.    By applying to the commissioner of lands and wcrks.  Victoria, B. C, a. map of the Kootenay country  can   be  procured;    there  are  none   of  Nelson.  We  believe  the  country is a  good one, or we  would not be in it.     __!_  To the Editor oe The Miner:   Please excuse the liberty I take in asking, but you will confer a favor by letting  me know at your convenience what prospects there are at'"'.  Nelson for a practical gardener and florist.    I am thinking  of going your way, having heard much about Nelson.  PHILIP COPSEY.  Fort Macleod, Alberta, February 2Gth, 1891.  The  Kootenav   Lake   country   is   no  vet  far  enough advanced to warrant the starting of a  flower garden, however well a market garden  might pay.   To the Postmaster, Nelson, B. C.: I.would thank you  to hand this letter to some real estate agent in your town.  in order to bring to my notice property for investment;  also, please send me a newspaper and pamphlet of your district, A. A. DANCE.  Marietta, Georgia, February 25th, 1S9L  To the Editor oe The Miner: Continued inquiries  are made us for a Nelson or Kootenay paper. We have  the'Victoria and Spokane papers, but they dont seem to  satisfy those who are interested, or, perhaps, weshonld  say want to be interested, in the 'Kootenay region. There  are a number of people here from Colorado and other mining states, and they all seem to-have an eye on Nelson.  Direct rail communication over the Great "Northern between Nelson and Fairhavcn is promised next year by way  of Skagit .pass and Marcus. Send us half a dozen copies of  The Miner, as the chances are in favor of it selling well,  or we would not. send for it.  FAIRHAVEN NEWS COMPANY.  Fairhaven,-Washington, March 1st, 18i)l.  To the'Editor oe The Miner: We expect to be one of  you inside a month. We have ordered a stock of goods  suitable for a merchant tailoring business, and they will he  at .Revelstoke on or about, the 1st of April. Before that  time our mr. Squire hopes to be able to reach Nelson to sec  what, he can do toward getting a suitable building in which  to open, as" well as a dwelling nouse.  Victoria, March 9th, 1801. ODFLL & SQCTIRE.  'liVl-  AND  NOTICE.  A sitting of the Countv Court  v."1!. be held at Nelson on  the 22nd dav of April next. T. H. GIFFIN, registrar.  March 20th, 1891. ' ��������� .-  AT  <������alc   Walsh's)  15 EAST BAKER STREET,  N T T   T^" "^  JL U Ik 111 JLii        UO       ��������� V V JLU l.,������:i: I  V*v&U\t\iee ..Store, .Neisou,   15. ���������.  Esg^ra  AND ��������� G-MTS* FUEfflSHIffG- GOODS..  also, eull lines oe  p  SBE3R   SE=������J  K^  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  IB4V  LF^  fl  ^     p3SHS       g    .  2  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  EAL ESTATE AND .MINES.'  COM  iNGl  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled  mission. Conveyancing documents drawn up.  tions made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  on  com-  Colloo-  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, ffELSOff, B. G.  OIHIO  IO  Pianos, Organs' Sewing Machines,  '?  rOSS-SALK <;9BZ������AB*.  Wholesale and retail.    None but first-class instruments  handled. A. J. ROSS, Calgary, Alberta.  ��������� --   *j.-..������L*c*iv


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