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The Miner Jun 21, 1890

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Array c-  . /  V 1  o  Only B'sipei*  Printed: isi tlie  liooSenay JLake Mining Districts.  For Kaies  of Subscript mis and  Advertising  $ce  Fourth   Pago.  IW  fl-  2TUMBEE 1.  KELSON,   BKITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  JUNE   21,  1890.  $4 A YEAE.  ������  ...OPERATIONS   AT   THE  MOT  SPRINGS.  At present mining operations  in  the Ains-  .worth (Hot Springs) district do not amount to  much more than doing assessment work and  prospecting. The shafts of several claims from  which ore could he taken are filled with water,  and lit cannot he handled successfully without  hmchinery. At the Skyline, ore is bemg sorted  for a shipment. This mine shipped 12 tons of  $325 ore last fall. The Davenports have let a.  contract to sink 50 feet further on the Little  Donald. The contractor, S. H.Northey, is now  engaged in hailing water' from the shaft, preparatory to commencing work. Wheii the contract is'completed, a hoist and pump will be put  on the property. The, Little Donald shipped 66  tons of $95 ore last season-. ���������  ���������Wheeler, McCune & Co. are reported as intending putting in a concentrator at the mouth  of Coffee creek, and a wire train way from the  concentrator to the Krao and Skyline. The  Krao is the claim that first attracted attention  to the Hot Springs district. The ore of the district was considered low grade until mr.  Wheeler made a shipment from the Krao that  yielded $100 to the ton, the ore being packed  from the claim to the steamboat landing on the,  backs of si washes. Last year 11 toils of $90 ore  was shipped from the claim. If the concentrator  is built a dynamo to furnish power for running  machinery on other claims will also-be put in.  Southwest from the Krao about 1500 feet Mc-  Leod & Franklin have recently made 2 locations,  both said to be good ones. Mr. Sprague of Ta-  ' coma, also has made a discovery between Woodbury and Cedar creeks which.he-  calls, the Sub Rosa, and is-developing it. On the  Pataha enough work has been done to obtain a  crown grant. ..Assessment'-work has also been  done on the Ayesha, the ore of which goes 35" to  40 ounces. Recent locations are: The Tariff,  by Francis, Carington & Pelky; situated between the Little Donald and the lake. The  Early Bird, by Laatz, Carpenter, Burns & Mc-  Leod; situated near the lake shore a mile north  of Ainsworth.       ....-.'���������  Last year 292 tons of ore, averaging $93 a ton  in silver, were shipped from Ainsworth. The  ore, being principally galena, also carried a  large percentage of lead.  . Jfoeveloimaent; Work on tlie Toug^astBil.  The owners of the Toughnut, a claim on which  considerable work has been done, were in Nelson  this week faking a look at their property. After  going over the ground they concluded that the ,  old trail, via Giveout creek, was not one over  which supplies could be cheaply transported.  They have 2 routes in view for a wagon road���������  one down Sandy creek, the other down a gulch  that strikes the Hall- trail about 2 miles from  Nelson. The latter will probably be selected, as  it is mucli the shorter. A share of the government appropriation will be asked for this road,  as when completed it will .make a number of  claims easily accessible. The Toughnut is a true  fissure vein," having both walls well defined. The  ledge, is from 6 to It feet wide, the ore-'being  much the same character as that from the Silver  King; in fact, it is claimed to be on the same j  lode.    It is dolomite and quartz, carrying pea  cock  copper,   silver, lead, a trace of u'old,  iron  pyrites, and zinc.  A shaft is down 3/ feet and a tunnel run in on  the ledge 127 feet. If the latter is continued a  distance of 1500 feet it will oj)en the mine to a  depth of about 1100.  The Toughnut is 7 miles southwest of Nelson  and about 3 miles northwest from the Hall  group; has an altitude of 5700 feet above the sea  level; and is owned by Andrew B. Hendryx of  New Haven, Connecticut, and James E. Dolan  of Kootenai, Idaho.  Too Early to  Prospect, Successfully.  A. H. Ridsdale a,nd Bob Wynearls came in on  Sunday from a 3-weeks' prospecting trip down  the lake. They report the country difficult to  get over, owing to the creeks being high and the  timber unburnt. They found several large but  barren ledges, countless millions of mosquitoes,  plenty of fish, and had bad weather. They have  concluded it is a little too early to prospect that  section of country, and are camped up at the  Narrows. '���������   ;. ______"��������� /������������������_  \\" ���������.'. ": '  Bonded for Fifty Tliousancl I>ollars.  The negotiations that have for the past few  weeks been carried on between the... owners of  the Queen Victoria copper claim ��������� messrs.  Brown, Becker, and Burr���������and several of the  Canadian Pacific officials have at last been concluded satisfactory to all concerned. ., The claim  has been bonded for $50,000 for 6 months. The  terms of the agreement are substantially as follows: Within 30 days from the 7th of this  ���������month the bonders are at liberty to withdraw  from the contract pending the decision of mr.  Sudbury, the mining expert acting in their interest. If at the end of that time the claim is  declared accepted, a bonus of $1200 is to be paid  spot cash. Before the expiration of the 3  ���������.months following the payment of the bonus half  the price ($25,000) is to be paid over. If the results of the development work are not satisfac-  : tory the bonders are still at liberty to refuse the  claim, forfeiting, * however, all that may have/  been expended on it. If the claim is satisfactory  at the end of the 3 'months, -the balance of the  bond price ($20,000) is to be paid on or before the  7th day of December. The bonding party bind  themselves to expend $1000 in development  work during the 6 months.  The purchasers recognize the fact that the ore  is low grade, but they are attracted by the immense body in sight, by the facility with which  ���������a.-m.me.so situated could be operated, and by the  ever-increasing number of encouraging Abdications of a higher grade ore as the hanging Avail  is approached, a tunnel now being in about 30  feet oil the ledge croppings.  Injured' l>y a-"Falling' Tree.  A somewhat, serious accident occurred shortly  after dinner yesterday at the site of Davys &  Tolson's saw-mill, about 2 miles up Cottonwood  creek. T. C. Collins, who has a logging contract,  was out' with his men felling trees, and in his  endeavor to watch two falling pines at the same  time was struck by one on the left shoulder  blade and felled to the ground. He was at once  placed upon a stretcher and taken to the camping ground a few hundred yards distant. He is  badly bruised and crushed all .down the left side  of his body and he has one rib broken. After  being dressed and bandaged he passed a fairly  good night and, though suffering considerably,  is progressing as well-as' can be expected.  Silver Locations  Made  on Wild Horse Creole.  Ned Bray came in last week from Fort Steele,  bringing through a pack train of 17 animals for  H. F. Keefer, the railway contractor. The animals were purchased from R. L. T. G-albraith  and brought to the Kootenay river over the old  Wild Horse-Fort Shepard trail; there they were  put on a barge and towed to Nelson by the Surprise. Mr. Bray reports the trail full of fallen  timber, but that the government soon intended  sending men in to cut it out. A trail was also  being cut up Wild Horse creek, several quartz  locations being made on that creek lately. The  ore is reported as going as high as $140 in silver  to the ton.  Worli   Commenced    on   the    "Canal   Flat   Scheme."  Operations have already begun preparatory to  carrying on the work of clearing out the rocks  at the falls, so as to prevent the annual overflow of the",bottoms in Lower ^Kootenay. Two  houses are ntjfrv in course of construction at the  first ripple "below Nelson���������tire ..one* ,"ts boarding  and the other a sleeping house" for the workmen  engaged. The rock work will be commenced  as soon as the water has fallen sufficiently, it  is estimated that about 23,000 cubic yards of dirt  and rock will have to be removed. This work  is being done by the Kootenay Valley Company, of which mr. Baillie-Grohman is manager.  te.v  Stamps: ���������i>itoi������a������i.\<s ���������������������������<>>������������������ Poost:tiA\' -'OKe.  Situated on the right bank of Eagle creek,  about a mile from the Kootenay and 300 yards  from the Nelson-Sproat trail, the 10-stainp mill  on the Poorman'mine, owned, by the Eagle-  Creek Gold Mining Company, does not at first  sight present a very imposing appearance, but it  is very picturesque. Two large adjoining compartments, which contain the machinery as well  as all the offices and out-houses, are built entirely of logs and present a somewhat-primitive  appearance. But the stamps and all the necessary adjuncts for treating the ore are by no  means such as belong to early days. They are  of the newest and most approved patterns of  milling machinery. Many and varied were the  difficulties with which the owners had to contend.in the handling and erection of the mill���������delays in transport, slight miscalculations, in clemency of weather, and severity of winter; all these  combined rendered the task of erecting the first:  gold stamp mill in the Kootenay district a matter of no slight responsibility.'. By.the indomitable energy of A. F. McKay and his fellow-  workers, to whom the company attribute great  credit, the mill" was' put-'together and was prb-  nouhced to be in good running order about the  31st. of May last, and after a few/slight hitches  the work of crushing  began in "real earnest bri  the 7th of this month.  The power which drives the '.'machinery is obtained from the .waters of the creek. About 200  inches of water are limned a distance of 1000  feet and this, acting on a Pel ton wheel, runs the  entire mill -with perfect satisfaction. Except the  original outlay in flumes, pipes, etc., the cost of  the motive power'is practically nothing.      .  The crushing process is as interesting as it is'  simple. At the upper end of the building in the  top story is one end of a tramway, which runs  from the feed bin to the dump. Along this the  ore cars are conveyed to the bin aricl tipped on  to a-sloping" screen, through, which tlie finer"-ore  falls and is conducted by a feed-pipe to the  stamps, while the larger pieces* of rock .roll, into  the bin, which has a capacity of 20 tons���������the  amount of ore the mill can treat in 24. hours.  From the bin the ore travels through a self-  feeder to a Blake crusher, then to the 2 batteries  of 5 stamps each, the stamps weighing S50 pounds  each. These pulverize the ore into a. dust almost  as fine as flour. A constant flow of water washes  the dust from the stamps-on to the amalgamating plates.' Here the free gold is held and the  anomalous matter of every kind is carried away  by means of conduits to the concentrators, of  which there are 4, of the Triumph" pattern.  Through an India rubber tube the sulphurets,  etc., are fed on to the revolving bands of the  concentrators and are washed off into the  trough underneath by the vibratory motion  of the belt. From the trough they are from  time to time scraped by an at ten dent, and are  ready to be shipped to the smelter.  The mill is running one shift only at present  and 1 men are all that are necessary to attend to it. The manager expects, however, to  luive it running night and day in a short time.  The ore is obtained from I he Poorman mine,  about a quarter mile up the hill, and is very  rich. Crosscuts have boon run so that about  5,000 tons of ore are now blocked out ready for  stoping. But 7 men are at work in the mine at  present, as there are about 800 tons of ore on the  duni}).  .The regular clean-up has not yet been made;  but this district is no longer virgin, as already  the first infant bar of bullion has been shipped  from this mill.  The property is owned by Charles Hussey of  Spokane Falls and A. L. "Davenport of Portland, who are very well satisfied with the results so far. It is managed by R. B. Huntley,  to whom our thanks are due for his courtesy and  patience in explaining everything connected  with its operation down to the most minute  detail. ���������=>  J>~77  fsamvsmmsmiBmwiaixmm&aiSim THE MINEE-   NELSON,  B.  0.,   SATUEDAY,  JUNE  21,  1890.  BUILDERS.  Will Contract for the Erection of  Stores, Dwellings, Wharves,  Mills, Bridges, Etc.  SEASON ED   LUfVIBER  on hand, with which to manufacture Store  Fittings, Tables, Desks,\ Etc.  Shop: Cor, Baker and Josephine Sts.  NELSON and SPE0AT.  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at any mine in the  district.   Orders from lake points promptly filled.  PACK    T R A  running between Nelson and Sproat, and between Nelson  and adjacent mines.   Will contract to deliver  mining machinery on any mine in  the district;  All Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  promptly forwarded to destination.  CORRAL AND STABLING  at both Nelson and Sproat, wliere saddle animals can be  hired and job wagons engaged.  NELSOI OPFICE AOT) MAKEET:  NO. II EAST BAKER STREET  ^. IE, SHIBLEY,  PROPRIETOR  Pioneer Barber  Vernon Street (next door to Lakeview House,  NELSON, B. C.  Shaving, Hair Cutting, Shampooing.  e Englis.  en  The only restaurant in Nelson.   Meals cooked to order  at short notice.   Lunches served.   Fish dinners  and Omelets a specialty.  No. 3 East Baker Street.  Maigh ftladdcn, I'ropr.  WHAT   IS   BEIN& -������ONE   ON   THE   RAILWAY.  About 40 days, have elapsed since work was  commenced on the Canadian Pacific branch from  Sproat to Nelson.    The company's interests are  looked after by John McLeod, as superintendent  of construction, he having direct charge of all  supplies. ���������"Whitehead!, McLean & McKay have  the contract for grading the first 14 miles. They  have made fair progress considering the difficulties with which they had to contend, and  have 400 men (160 whites, 65 Italians, and 175  Chinese) and a number of teams strung out on  the first 5 miles of the work, which takes them  around the rocky bluffs at the" mouth of the  Kootenay. Under their contract this section of  5 miles is to be completed by July 15th. The  remainder of th e 14 miles is fine work, and the  contractors expect to go through it a flying.  The bridge work was let to Crenelle Brothers  and D..-B. Campbell. They also have had difficulties to overcome, but are now getting their  forces in shape. The bridges across the Slocan  and Kootenay rivers were hot included in their  contract. It is estimated the latter bridge will  cost $45,000. The materiaul for bridges is being  cut at Sproat. The ties are made close to the  right-of-way, sub-contractors doing the work.  H. E. Leaycraft is the. engineer in charge at  the Sproat end. ,  On the Nelson end Hugh F. Keefer, the contractor, has men strung along for several miles  below the point at which the road will cross the  Kootenay, (5 miles' below Nelson). He has had,  trouble in getting in supplies and tools. Finding it almost impossible to get them by way of  Sproat, he has made arrangements to bring in  everything needed by way of Bonner's Ferry.  On Thursday last he received by the Idaho several tons of wheelbarrows, steel, and rails. The  Idaho runs down to the head of the rapids; there  ^the supplies are transferred to bateaux and  taken to JQavenport's landing, where a portage  "jis made to the crossing below the falls. A scow  ferry has been put in at that point, and supplies  can either be crossed there by the pack train or  run down to the camps by small boats, as the  right-of-way runs along the north bank of the  river.������ ,  About half a mile of steel has been laid, and  an an engine and flat-car is on the ground.  Tracklaying will be in charge of Robert Wet-  more, President VanHorne is expected in next  week to look the ground over and definitely  settle where the line will cross Kootenay river.  Driven from Home by Mosquitoes.  T. J. Davies came down on the Midge from his  Kootenay river ranch on Monday. He reports  mosquitoes so troublesome as to make ranch life  unbearable. Until the nuisance abates he will  put in his time at Buchanan's saw-mill getting  out timber and lumber for a large hay shed.  Mr. Davis has 2 acres in potatoes, cabbages,  rutabagas, and carrots.  m  NOTARY PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCING.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   Eo. 5 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  NOTICE.  All accounts against the provincial government contracted for the West Kootenay district are requested to be  forwarded to the undersigned, at or before the termination  of the financial year ending June 30th.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, June 6th, 1890.  Electoral District of West Kootenay  Notice is hereby given that under the provisions of the  Qualification and Registration of Voters Act, I shall hold  a court of revision at the court house, Farwell, on Monday,  the 4th day of August, at 10 a. m., to hear and determine  objections against the retention of any names on the  voter's list. G. C. TUNSTALL, collector of votes.  Farwell, June 2nd, 1890.  ANSEN & HILTON.  CONTRACTOR  AND  WILL   CONTRACT   FOR  THE   ERECTION   OF   ANY   SIZE  WOOD   BUILDING.  PLANS and ESTIMATES  furnished and bills for material made.  JOB  CARPENTERING  attended to promptly.  Shop on Baker Street, between Hall and Hendryx.  KOOTENAY HOTEL  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  NELSON, B. C.  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE  RIOOMS THE TABLE  are comfortable in size and      is acknowledged  the best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  l"  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  "The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain'District."  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B6. ���������.  JO  PROPRIETORS.  The reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  PI������;������������MM.IM.M1������M.������IW���������ilM]|^^  mwiwmiMimu^MLUM^ THE  MDTEE:   NELSON,  B.   0.,  SATUEDAY, JUNE  21,  1890.  ���������m  Dealers in Dry (roods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc,   Miners':. Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the pubHc mil find it to their advantage to caU an^  '.;,.���������.   .'���������''. and compare Prices.   '' ��������� "'.."'���������    '-������������������" '-;'" ''������.'"-.  Main Street, EE"VELST01E.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  A '.SHORT. SKETCH   OF   NELSON.  What may be a great mining town and commercial center, if "Bogustown" does not knock  it out, owes its existence to the Hall brothers of  Colville, Washington. In the fall of 1886 they  were prospecting for placer on the ���������'��������� headwaters'  of Salmon river, when, in looking for horses,  some of the party who accompanied them discovered the croppings of the now famous Silver  King and Kootenay Bonanza mines. A few  shots were put in the ledge, and samples of the  ore taken but to Colville for assay. The returns  were so large that the fact that the Halls had  made a rich find leaked out, and their movements were closely watched when they started  to return to the ground in the spring of 1887.  When the location of the find was definitely  known, quite a number of prospectors and  others started in from the Cceur cl'Alen es and.  Colville. These parties camped on the present  townsite of Nelson, it then being part of the  land reserved under the Ainsworth charter. A  mr. Bunting had taken up 160 acres and was  offering lots at a nominal figure to the squatters; but the government declared he had no  title to his claim, and on the Ainsworth charter  lapsing, declared the land reserved for townsite  purposes.  By this time many of the first comers had become disgusted and left for other localities.  The first stock of merchandise was brought in  by Dennee, Divine & Co., and the first hotel was  opened by J. F. Ward.- Of the "old timers"  who came in that spring, mr. Divine, T. C. Collins, Charles Ewing, dr. LeBau, Gay Reader,  James Fox, mr. Kelley, E.E.Alexander, J. C.  Cook, William Hansen, the Halls, Isaac Nail,  Ben Thomas, John Johnson, Charles Town-  send, Harry McMillan and a few others still remain. In October, 1888, the first sale of lots  took place, the government having staked off  88 lots. Fair prices were realized. In the summer of 1889 these lots, together with 44 more,  were surveyed, and up to the present time these  132 lots constitute the entire platted part of  the Nelson townsite. Lumber was first obtainable in August, 1889, but building operations did  not commence until late in the fail. This spring  a number of business houses have been erected,  and the town now boasts of 40 odd buildings.  Nelson is the seat of government for lower  Kootenay, the government office being a substantial log building. T. H. Giffin is the mining recorder and collector of taxes.  The following are the business houses and enterprises carried on, and the advertising columns  of The Miner show that their owners are awake:  Assayers���������George E. R. Ellis, J. C. Corbaugh.  Barber Shop���������A. E. Shirley.  Blacksmith���������Thomas Barrett.  Clothing, Dry Goods, etc.���������J. E. Walsh, Gilker  &; Wells.  Contractors and Builders���������Hill Brothers, Hansen & Hilton.  Corrals and Stables���������E. S. Topping, Joe Wilson, Cook & Dawson.  Farm Produce���������E. S. Topping.  General Merchandise���������J. Fred Hume & Co.,  R. E. Lemon (including liquors at wholesale),  George Bigelow. The two last named are now  out after stocks.  Hotels ��������� Soderberg & Johnson's Kootenay  House, Marks & Van Ness's Nelson House,  Johnson & Maloney's Lakeview House, Ward &  Coming's (now building), William Hunter's  International (now building).  Job Wagons���������Joe Wilson, Cook & Topping.  Laundry���������Mrs. Alice Foster.  Meat Market���������Joe Wilson.  Notaries Public���������W. Gesner Allan, H. Selous,  C. S. F. Hamber.  Pack Trains ���������Joe Wilson's, Cook & Dawson's, Tom Dunlap's. These trains run between  Nelson and the mines and Nelson and Sproat.  -. Railways���������The Kootenay branch of the Canadian Pacific is now being built between Nelson  and Sproat on the Columbia river, a distance of  28 miles.  Real Estate and Mining Brokers���������H. Selous,  Hamber & Thynne, Houston, Ink & Allan.  Restaurant���������Hugh Madden's English Kitchen.  Saw and Planing Mills���������G. O. Buchanan (14  miles east of Nelson), Davys & Tolston (2 miles  south of Nelson). The latter are clearing their  mill-site, the machinery being expected daily.  Shoemaker���������E. W. Harris.  Steamboats���������Hendryx's "Galena" and "Surprise," Fry's "Idaho" and barges, Davis's  "Midge." These boats ply between all points  on Kootenay river and lake north of Bonner's  Ferry.  Nelson, being on what is called the "outlet"  of Kootenay lake (but more properly the Kootenay riycr) and but 30 miles from the boundary  line, is easily reached by boat from Kootenai  station, Idaho; Revelstoke, B.C, or Marcus,  Washington. The distance to Kootenai, Idaho,  is: 20 miles from Nelson to Kootenay lake; 30  miles up the lake to Kootenay river; about 85  up the river to Bonner's Ferry, and 32 from the  Ferry to Kootenai station on the Northern Pacific ; the fare (exclusive of meals) being $8. The  distance to Revelstoke is: 28 miles to Sproat (a  railroad is now being built between the two  points) by trail, then up the Columbia about 140  miles to Revelstoke on the Canadian Pacific.  Fare (exclusive of meals) from Sproat to Revelstoke $7. Marcus, on the Spokane Northern is  distant about 55 miles from Sproat, but as yet  there is no means of transport.  Nelson is not "booming" at present; when the  "boom" strikes it The Miner will make the  fact known.  Monoy and Material  ISo&h Scarce.  Building  operations   progress   rather slowly  in Nelson owing to several causes.    One of them  is the scarceness of money; another is the lack  of material.    A leading  merchant cannot  get  the roof on his business house because there are  no shingle nails to be had; another cannot get a  door hung beca,use there are no hinges in town;  another has a plate glass window on the right  of his hingeless door and five rough boards on  the left because there is no putty in the market;  and The Miner staff have to sleep standing because they are too poor to put in a stairway to  the sleeping apartments of their 2-story building  and too weak to shin up the girts. But these  are no reasons why Nelson is to be outstripped  in the race for commercial supremacy by "Bogus-  town."  E. S. TOPPING,  DEALER IN  AND   GRAIN,  VEGETABLES,  "CS  FISHING   TACKLE.  GOOD CORRAL AND STABLING.  Waril Street, Nelson,  IS. C.  TH0MAI  LACKSMITH.  Horse-Shoeing a Specialty  All kinds of' Jobbing and Repairing Executed  Neatly and Promptly.  Ward Street, opp. Government Office, Nelson.  eo. E. R. Ellis, F.C.S.  NELSON, B. C.  G EXPERT  Member of Society of Chemical Industry; Author of  "Practical Organic Analysis," of "Papers in  Chemistry,** of 'The Iron Ores of  tlie World," Etc.  Expert in the Blue Bird Mining Oase.  BOOT AND SHOE SHOP  NELSON,  B. C.  I am now prepared to make to order boots and shoes of  all kinds, at as reasonable rates as they can be made for in  this part of the country; also,  neatly and substantially done, and all orders promptly  attended to.   The patronage of the public is respectfully  solicited.  IE- "W-   HABRIS. THE  MIITEE:   ETELSOtf,  B.  0.,   SATUEDAY,  JUNE 21,  1890.  ������  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  ' mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months $2.50, one year $4.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of ������3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first. insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for;  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for .'in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Heading  or Local   Notices 25 cents  insertion.   Contracts made.  a  line   each  Birth Notices free if weight of child is given ; if,  weight is not given ������1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from ������1 to $10���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing in good style at fair rates. Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  in stock.    ,. :  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old0 Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters : The Miner, Nelson, B.C.,  (with "via Kootenai, Idaho," added if mailed in the  United States.)   ���������������������������������������������'. . ,^_... ������������������      ' ���������. :__..  Authorized Agents :  Henry Anderson, Ainsworth;  James Delaney, Spokane Falls.  EDITOKEAL   KEMASiMS.  At  the   last session of   the   legislature   col-^  ���������oriel Baker secured liberal appropriations for the  west division of Kootenay district.     A small  share of the amount was set apart for the Big  Bend trail  and the wagon road between the  town of Revelstoke and the railway station of  the same name.    The balance���������over $10,000���������is  to be expended in the. Ainsworth and Nelson  districts.    At Ainsworth a trunk wagon road is  to be constructed from the town so as to tap the  mines on the 'mountain' back of that place; at  Nelson a road is to be built from the town up to  the group of mines of which the Silver King and  Kootenay Bonanza are the best known.    If this  money,  added to  the amounts to  be contributed by the owners of the claims benefited, is  judiciously expended the needed roads can be  built this summer.   If the amounts are expended  as heretofore, that is, for every dollar paid for  pick and shovel work two dollars be expended  for surveyors and surveyor's helpers, the roads  will not be completed this  year, as the claim  owners will not contribute money to be wasted.  The Miner will advocate the passage of a  general railway act by the legislature elect.  An  act whose provisions will be so plain that men  with money to build railways will be enabled to  do so as easily as men with money now are enabled under the Companies Act to embark in  the  business  of merchandising  or   mining   or  saw milling.   All that the province should grant  is the right-of-way over the public lands, and,  in the way of a bonus, freedom from taxation  for a term of years from the time the first rail is  laid.     Under   the present laws  charters with  special   privileges   and   bonuses  are log-rolled  through  the legislature, often  by members of  the   assembly  who   are   themselves   the   only  parties interested, the charterers not having the  remotest intention of building a mile of railway;  merely obtaining a marketable commodity for  their own benefit and always at the expense of  the people whose servants they are.    If such a  law had been   in   force   last   winter,   nothing  would have been heard of combinations to defeat the building of the Spokane & Northern  railway through the mining camps of southern  British Columbia; nothing of such foolish legislation as allowing a railway company a royalty  of 5 per cent on the profits of mining companies;  nothing of land grants  of 20,000 acres to the  mile to a few favored railway promoters; nothing  of allowing the selection of these 20,000  ((  a  acres from the choice unoccupied lands, leaving  the waste places for the poor settler; nothing  of herding voters at such places as Rogers Pass  to ensure the return of candidates owned by  corporations whose enterprise is far exceeded  by their greed. '  It will take a long time for the mining business to become the leading industry of British  Columbia if claims are allowed to be jumped in  the middle of winter, when the snow is many  feet in. depth; and afterwards grant the jumpers  ail; extension of three months in which to do the  .required work to enable them to hold the ground  jumped. Ordinary prospectors do not look for  "ledges" arid "float" in mid-winter; but prospectors from the neighborhood of Victoria are evidently not of the ordinary variety. They undergo suffering and privations in mid-winter in  hunting up "ledges" already located; but cannot  undergo any hardship or privation in doing the  assessment work in balmy spring if there happens to be a few patches of snow on the mountain  peaks. And the paternal government at Victoria  sees to it that they are not compelled to undego  such privations. Indulgent government! Lucky  "prospectors"! .    .  G. M. Sproat, under date of Victoria, May 5th,  writes The Miner as follows: "The modification  " of the Royalty Act frees existing mines, and  " allows working expenses to be deducted; but  improvements  in  buildings and   machinery,  '  interest on bonds,  etc.,   etc.,   cannot be in-  " eluded in working expenses.    It is bad alto-  " gether yet,  both as to the sentiment with  "���������which such  imposts  are   regarded   and   the  "actual burden.    I  offered here  $500 for the  production of any bona fi.de quartz uiiner outside the assembly who approved a royalty,  " but had to return.-my money to the bank."  Mr.   Sproat   is   right.      No   practical   mining  operator   or miner   or   prospector   favors   the  royalty section, for the reason that they well  know it will retard the mining business.    No  prospector will prospect on land owned by the  railroad company, for he well knows that operators will not take hold and develop his finds  into paying properties if, in the end, a railroad  corporation be permitted to levy a royalty on  the profits ; and the operator well knows that  no .mining   company would   submit its books  for   examination    by   a   railroad    company's  tax gatherer.    The argument that the railway  promoters should be reimbursed for their large  outlay in building roads through a sparsely settled country is not a good one.  Railroads should  not be, and generally are not, built unless there  is  business in sight to justify their building.  There is no more reason for demanding a royalty from a mining company who owns a claim  on railroad land than, there is for demanding a  royalty from a merchant who sells goods in a  building erected oh a lot purchased in a railroad  townsite.     Every business  man  in a country  traversed by a railway pays tribute to that railway in the way of fares and freights, and the  railway manager that demands a royalty along  with that tribute is not working to the best interests of the corporation he serves.    All such  legislation is pernicious and should be repealed.  t(  a  During the election contest just ended the  main cry of the partisans of the different factions was Appropriations! Appropriations! The  supporters of the Government candidates declared that they must have new roads, bridges,  court-houses, etc., etc., in their respective districts ; the adherents of the Opposition, instead  of proclaiming a policy, talked loudly of how  unjustly the appropriations had been distributed ; and the, followers of the candidates  who claimed to be Independents were  outspoken in demanding that appropriations  must; be; secured, even if everything else  be neglected. Not; a single candidate had  the honesty to state from the platform��������� that he  would devoteti his best endeavor to curtail the  expenses of government, and in that way do  away with such onerous taxes as are at present  levied on free miners. Before elections the successful candidates promise to secure appropriations for all. conceivable enterprises, and if they  could carry out their promises the province  would be bankrupted within a year; and after  elections the people damn them for not fulfilling  these proniises and bankrupting the country.  ; Take Kootenay district alone for a fair sample  of this senseless howl. Colonel Baker during  his term in the legislature certainly secured all  the appropriations to which his district was entitled. Yet the voters in the eastern division,  where the bulk of the money was spent, are as  dissatisfied with him as are those in the western  division because of their not getting what they  thought themselves entitled to. The trouble is  not that the appropriations are not large  enough, but that they are frittered away by  men who, apparently, are responsible to no  one for their acts. The defect of the present  system is that the men elected to enact laws for  the province���������and we believe that is the end of  their duty���������take upon themselves the task  of parceling out to localities and favorites the  appropriations secured, leaving the men who are  paid to look after the disbursement of these  monies nothing to do but certify the correctness of the vouchers sent in by the road foremen and surveying superintendents.  In each district are assistant commissioners of  lands and works. Their duties are plainly der  fined, and they are liberally paid, even if they  be allowed, for performing all their duties.  But how many of them, are allowed to do the  work set apart for them? Not one. Their  powers are usurped by the "member" for the  district, and having a life job (if they behave  themselves), they let the "member" squander the  appropriations, contented in believing that it is  no funeral of theirs. The party or faction or  member who will make an attempt to reform  this order of things will be deserving of praise.  But it is doubtful if the attempt be made.  At this writing (Wednesday) it is impossible  to state who is the successful candidate in  West Kootenay; but it is either mr. Kellie or  mr. Brown: The former has had no legislative  experience, and probably has never held public  office; the latter served two terms in the legislature from Lillooet district, and is a strong opponent of the present government. If mr.  Kellie is elected, the mining laws may  be amended so that they can be understood by  the average miner and gold commissioner; at  present they are conflicting and ambiguous. If  mr. Brown is elected, his former legislative experience will make it all the easier for him to  effect these changes. If either gentleman fails  us, we will have to put our trust in providence,  for, taking the work of the last session, there  was either no miners in the assembly or no  members friendly to the mining industry.  Nelson is the only established postoffice in  Canada w^hose postmaster sells more United  States  stamps than Canadian.     Yet it is  not  m  ^mmisssmmmsmmaamssmsmsEX&nBisfFasessK  SSmtWBRHUUZMWSS BWBHUB THE  MINEE:   NELSON,  E.C,   SATUEDAY,  JUNE  21,  1890.  ������  the postmaster's fault/that the Canadian treasury is minus the revenue that it should receive.  It is the fault of the Dominion postal author-:  ities. If a postal route was established between  Nelson and the boundary line, via Ainsworth,  all letters mailed in the Kootenay lakes' country would be embellished with a portrait of her  most gracious majesty and not with one adorned  by a picture oX the man who could not tell a lie  ���������George Washington.  For years dr. Hendryx has carried, without  reward, all letters, whether addressed to points  in Canada or in the United States, mailed on his  boats, depositing them in the nearest postoffice  on the south side of the international boundary  line���������passing on the way a Canadian custom  house, without direct mail facilities, at which  over $13,000 in customs was collected last year  alone.    Further observations are unnecessary.  ''The lieutenant-governor in c'oun-  * '���������*  the right  The following is an extract from section 5 of  the "Act in Aid of Certain Railways," passed  at the last session of the legislature. The land  granted under the act "shall be taken in altern-  " ate blocks on each side of the line of railway,  " and each block of land shall have a frontage on  " the line of railway of 20 miles, so that the land  " granted by the government on one side of the  " line of railway shall be opposite to a like 20  " miles of la,ncl retained by the government on  " the other side of the line of railway." The  ������������������'���������blocks'will-thus'have a frontage of 20 miles on  the railway kncl a depth of 32 miles. The royalty  clause reads  " cil may grant to the company  " for 25 years from the completion of the rail-  " way, to exact and collect a percentage not ex-  " ceeding 5 per cent over and above working  "expenses on gold and silver extracted from  " ores which may be found upon any of the  " lands granted .* * * to the company." The  above clause should be repealed. It is not mandatory, but merely gives the government, if  they see fit, permission to allow the railway to  exact a per centage not exceeding 5 per cent.  An order in council would wipe the clause out,  and the sooner the order in council is issued the  better.   The .Miner makes no promises. Its. 7 paid-  up subscribers, therefore, can not, with any  show of justness, call for a new deal, in-the  future.   The people of Nelson may not be noted for  the size of their bank rolls; but they have quite  a reputation for putting up-with all maimer of  inconveniences and delays. They are the direct  descendants of old Job.  The Miner occupies an enviable position. Its  first number did not appear until after the election, therefore it had no opportunity to praise  the defeated candidates in West Kootenay or  call the successful man a liar and a horse thief.  The lack of general news in The Miner is accounted for by the fact that it receives but 2 papers m exchange���������The Truth of New Westminster and The Times of Medicine Hat. The  former devotes all its space in defending John  Robson, and the latter all its in chronicling the  doings of John Niblock.  Too  Much   Whisky Amuses si BiflicnHy.  There was a serious stabbing affray in Nelson  on   the   11th  instant.     The participants were  Thomas Brady and William Gorman; both men  were under the influence of liquor at the time of  the  quarrel.    It appears  that a dispute arose  about some bacon j and Brady and Gorman fell  to fighting to settle the matter. Brady was  badly disfigured and the two parted. After  looking for Gorman for an hour or so Brady  again caught him at his tent arid insisted oh a  fight. A scuffle ensued with serious results.  Brady fell on his face senseless from the effects  of Gorman's club, and Gorman fell fainting into  the arms of a companion���������stabbed in the abdomen. Brady was arrested for feloniously cutting and wounding, and after a preliminary  hearing was remanded to the jail at Kamloops  to await trial at the assizes m October. The  wounded man is now out of danger and is rapidly recovering.  ,'��������������������������������������������� .  . . ',    , .' o ,   ,' '  The Oldest. "Town'* oii the Lakes.  While the first locations in the Kootenay lake  country were made at Galena bay, now known  as the Hendryx camp, Ainsworth, better known  as Hot Springs, is entitled to stand at the head  of its " towns" as far as seniority goes, at least.  Its  site of 166 acres was purchased in; 1883 by  George J.  Ainsworth of   Oakland,  California.  Although  not platted into  lots until about a  year  ago,   it has  been a   "town" since A. D.  Wheeler ancl his party landed there, in  1884.  The site takes in several warm springs and is on  a narrow sloping bench on the west shore of the  lake, about 8 miles above the lake's outlet, or  Kootenay river, and nearly opposite the Hendryx camp. Of the 45 lots platted, 15 have been  sold at figures ranging from $100 to $250; lots  now being held��������� afe $100 to $150. Title perfect.  From 15 to 20 buildings of all kinds have been  erected. Fletcher & Co. carry a stock of general  merchandise; Laatz & McLeod are the proprietors of the Spoattle hotel, and A. A. McKin-  non of the Vancouver house; Henry Anderson  is a real estate agent and notary public.  Up to the present time Ainsworth has been  supplied with mail facilities by the public-spirited dr. Hendryx during the season of navigation, and by direct contributions of her own  people during the winter, they hiring a mail-  carrier to make monthly trips to Kootenai,  Idaho. Of course, the Dominion postal officials  claim they have received no revenue from the  camp; and they are not likely to until they give  it a postoffice and extend the.route from Nelson.  At present the United States receives all the  revenue, as no stamps except uncle Sam's can be  procured in the place.  Ainsworth is so situated that it is sure to grow  as the mines of the camp are developed.  Communication is had with Bonner's Ferry  by the steamers Galena and Idaho; and with  Nelson by the same boats, provided the trip to  Bonner's Ferry is taken.  A Competing Freight Route Established.  The treasury department of the United States  has given this district a competitive freight  route by appointing James E. Bolan of Kootenai, Idaho, inspector of customs at that point  and Bonner's Ferry.    This is good news for the  mining and business men of the Kootenay Lake  country, as it enables them to procure goods in  Canadian markets. Heretofore they were compelled to purchase many lines of goods manufactured in the United States, because of their  inability to get the Canadian manufactured article over the pack trail between Nelson and  Sproat. By this bonding arrangement, any article, whether in car-load lots or otherwise, can  be shipped from any Canadian point to points  on Kootenay lake, via the Northern Pacific.  There will be no delay at Kootenai station, as  mr. Dolan is progressive -mid energetic, as well  as largely interested in the mines of this section, and will see to it that goods are promptly  forwarded.  Kootenay's  Yoamgest Metropolis.  The townsite of Sproat is on the east bank of  the Columbia, about 2 miles above the mouth of  the Kootenay.    While not as pretty a location  as tlie old landing, a mile farther down the  river, it is favorably situated and on ground that  is not likely to overflow. At present it is the  supply point for the contractors who are building the west end of the Nelson to Sproat railway, and its businessmen are doing a snug  trade. R. E. Lemon carries a stock of general  merchandise;  Green  Brothers, clothing, boots,  shoeSj etc.; W. F. Teetzel, drugs and patent  medicines; McDonald & Teetzel are the proprietors of the Kootenay House; Mr. Polston runs  a restaiirant, and Joe Wilson a corral and meat  market. At the old landing Ike Stevens has a  stock of general supplies.  Sproat is distant about 150 miles from Revelstoke on the Canadian Pacific and 55 from Marcus on the Spokane & Northern. At present  the steamer Kootenai makes 2 and sometimes 3  trips a week to Revelstoke, the bulk of her cargo  being railway supplies. The old Colville trail  via Fort Shepard starts from McCleary's ranch,  on the opposite side of the Columbia.  The .interests of the government are looked  after by John Kirkup, as collector of revenue  and chief constable, with an assistant constable  from Victoria.  The place is orderly and quiet, none of the  "tough ' element being among the railroad laborers. .: . ."���������.....  Thomas A. Sproat is the postmaster.  a  TEETZEL  *  Main Street,  ltEYEJLSTOKE, B.; C, ,..,   :  ami Kailway Avenue, SPROAT, B. C.  DEALER IN  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  at wholesale and retail.  MAEL   OKDEES  from any part of Kootenay district will receive prompt  attention.   Prescriptions carefully compounded from pure1 drugs.  SELLS THE  EST BLANKETS  EVER BROUGHT TO THE CAMP.  ST    BAKER    STREET,  NELSON, B. C.  iLLLb  i  DEALERS IN  BOOTS AND SHOES,  Fancy and toilet goods, patent medicines, fruits, tobaccos,  cigars, stationery, etc.  Postoffice Store, Nelson, B. 0.  Kootenay Lake  Saw-Mill,  ii.   O.   BIWHANAN,   Proprietor.  All kinds of rough lumber and dimension stuff on hand  or sawed to order; also T and G- flooring, V ceiling, surfaced lumber, rustic, and sawed shingles.  Capacity of mill 20,000 feet per day, which ensures the  prompt filling of large orders. Lumber delivered at any  point on Kootenay lake.  Postoffice address, Nelson, B. C.   Mill 14 east of Nelson.  !���������  uS-V.'i'-''? THE  MINEE:   NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  JUNE  21,  1890.  WAS   THE '"'CHARTER    KNIFED?  i n-  . i-  a  a  <c  a  a  a  a  a  a  a  Much has been said and written in regard to  the reasons why the Spokane & Northern railway people did not secure a charter in this province.     "When   the facts are  known,   probably  much of the blame will attach to the railway  people themselves.    It has been claimed by the  friends of mr. Oorbin that all he wanted for his  road was the right-of-way froin the boundary  line to Nelson, but the following correspondence  proves that he asked a land grant of 17,500 acres  to the mile.    Colonel Baker, under date of Victoria, April 8th, writes the editor of The Miner:  "I am at a loss to understand the action of the  Spokane company, as they left no one here to  represent them and took no notice of my letters, so tlie result was a foregone conclusion.  I enclose a copy of the correspondence which  passed between the Spokane company and the  provincial government, by which you will see  that ��������� my resolution practically embodied all  that they professed themselves ready to do.  After the date of mr. Wilson's letter, stating  that they would not come to terms with the  Crow's   Nest   company,   the  latter  company  offered'mr. Newbury, as vice-president of the  Spokane company, the Crow's Nest charter,  " together with the land grant, and without any  "cash payment whatever, provided they woulcl  "guarantee to  build the  railway 'within five  " years.    Mr. Cor bin at Ottawa stated that mr.  ;" Newbury and mr. Allen had no authority to  "promise what they did at Victoria."    The following is the correspondence:  LETTERS FROM MR. WILSON TO MR. ROBSON.  7       Victoria, B.C., 18th January, 1890.  The honorable John Robson, premier of the  province of British Columbia���������Dear Sir: D.  C. Corbin of New York, mr. Newbmy and mr.  Allen of Spokane Falls, representing the Spokane Falls & Northern Railway Company, T. B.  Hall and mr. Davies of this city are applicants  to the Dominion parliament for the privilege of  incorporating themselves into a company for  the purpose of building a railway from the big  bencL of Kettle river to*"'the coast, and from the  international boundary line, near the mouth of  the Fend d'Oreille river to Nelson. They also  "intend applying to the provincial legislature for  the privilege of building a railway from Nelson  to the south end of Kootenay lake.  The construction of these lines would form  one continuous line of railway from the south  end of Kootenay lake to the coast, with a short  detour in American territory, rendered necessary by the difficulty of penetrating the chain of  mountains on the west bank of the Columbia  river. They would open the whole of the  southern part of the province and bring the  promising mining camps of Rock creek and  Toad mountain into almost direct communication with the cities of Victoria, Vancouver and  New Westminster.  The applications are not, I am assured, of a  speculative character. There is a positive intention to build the proposed lines, and sufficient  capital to carry out the intention, if the Dominion parliament and the provincial legislature  should be pleased to jxiss the bills, and the  provincial government with the assent of the  legislature, "think they are enterprises worthy  of aid and grant fairly liberal subsidies of land  to assist in the construction of the lines.  Mr. Newburv and mr. Allen are now in this  city, and would be greatly obliged if the members of the government would grant them an  interview for the purpose of enabling them to  make their application for assistance and of  placing before the government their views on  the subject for executive consideration^   I have  the honor to be, etc.  Charles "Wilson.  Victoria, B.C., 27th January, 1890.  To the honorable John Robson, premier, British Columbia���������Dear Sir: Referring to my letter to you of the 18th instant, and the consequent interview between the members of the  executive and mr. Newbury and mr. Allen, the  latter gentleman representing New York capitalists desirous of building railways in the prov  ince  of British  Columbia,  I  am instructed to  make the proposal hereinafter appearing.  It may not be out of place to explain that our  original idea was to build a line of railway from  Nelson to the seaboard of British Columbia. It  was only after taking the preliminary steps to  accomplish this purpose that it was suggested  to us that we acquire the Crow's Nest & Kootenay Railway Company's charter, a charter  controlled by the Crow's Nest Coal & Mineral  Company. We have, since this suggestion was  made to,us, been endeavoring to arrange with  the Crow's Nest & Kootenay Railway Company  for the acquisition of their nearly expired  charter, upon condition that it was renewed by  the British Columbia legislature, coupled with  an interest in the aforesaid coal company. We  remember that in, our' interview with the members of the executive council the expediency of  making it a complete system from the western  boundary of the province to the coast was one  of the matters that the executive, in the interests of the' province, deemed most desirable of  accomplishment. We are equally desirous of  yielding to this wish, and of building 'our entire  line from Crow's Nest to the coast, with a short  detour into American territory, made necessary  by engineering difficulties,;but, notwithstanding  our efforts, we are not yet, much to our regret,  in accord with the Crow's Nest & Kootenay  Railway Company. We are quite willing to assume their charter and make this road part of  our system upon the same terms as is hereinafter expressed with respect to our own application.  We propose to build and completely equip the  proposed road from the south end of Kootenay  lake to the coast, in five years from the passing  of the bill granting the necessary privileges, if  the government of British Columbia will grant  us a right of way 99 feet in: width on each  side from the center of the line of the road and  give us a concession of land of 17,500 acres per  mile, [The provincial government offered 10,000  acres per mile land grant���������verbally.���������Editor]  in alternate blocks, each block having a frontage of twenty miles on the line of railway; the  blocks to be numbered" on each side of the railway, commencing at the boundary of British  Columbia, near the mouth of the Fend d'Oreille  river, and extending eastward, so that the odd  and even numbers are opposite to each other on  each side of the line, the company taking the  odd numbers on the north side of the line, and  the government the even numbers, and the  company taking the even numbers on the south  side of the line, and the government the odd  ones. The same course to be adopted with the  western section.  The area of lands deficient from any cause in  any one block taken by the company to be made  up to the company in land warrants covering  any part of land in the country passed through  by the railway, the selection to be limited to  twenty-five miles on either side of the line of  railway.  The lands along the line of the railway, for a  distance of twenty-five miles on either side of  the railway, to be reserved for a period of two  years, to enable the company to make their surveys and selection under the land warrants.  The selected lands, if not at once conveyed to  the company, to be reserved for conveyance  after the completion of the railway.  Liberty to take from the adjacent crown  lands all necessary timber, stone, gravel and all  other material necessary for the construction,  operation and maintenance of the line.  The land conveyed and to be conveyed to be  exempt from provincial and municipal taxation  unless and until alienated.  The whole of the capital stock, property, rolling stock, stations, workshops, buildings, yards  and appurtenances whatsoever, and all other  property of the company to be exempt from  provincial and municipal taxation until five  years after the completion of the railway.  With the completion of every twenty miles of  railway, the land coterminous therewith, to  which we are entitled, to be conveyed to us.  As an alternative proposal, we will accept a  grant of 12,500 acres of land per mile, with a  limit of seven years for the completion of the  proposed lines, and a reserve of three years  upon the belt of land twenty-five miles on each  side for survey and selection, otherwise upon  the same terms.  We are willing to bind ourselves to begin  the actual work of construction at the boundary  near the mouth of the Pend d'Oreille river on  the eastern section, on or before the first day of  August, 1890, and on the western section as rapidly as we can get our line completed to the  boundary line. We are also willing to begin  the actual work of construction on the,seaboard  as soon as a satisfactory terminal point can be  acquired and the necessary arrangement made  for the acquisition "of the required land.  We will be greatly obliged by as early a reply  to this proposal as possible, as, if we ultimately  make an . arrangement'" with the government, it  is highly desirable that we leave here on Wednesday for Ottawa, to assist in promoting the  passage of the required legislation in the Dominion parliament, or we may find the provincial subsidies (if granted) useless, owing to the  absence of the required Ottawa legislation. I  have, etc., Charles Wilson.  Of course satisfactory terminal facilities will  be granted at Nelson with a sufficient grant of  ���������land.. ���������. ..   ___  ���������-..    -V" "      C. W.\ .  Victoria, 29th January, 1890.  The honorable John Robson,-.premier of the  province of British Columbia���������Dear. Sir: Important business compels mr. Newbury to go to  Sr>okane for a few days, and ,mr. Allen and I  start for Ottawa tomorrow morning to assist in  promoting the bills now before the Dominion  parliament, as without them the provincial subsidies (even if granted) would be useless and  delay matters one year at least, a thing we are  anxious to avoid.  Mr. Newbury will return to Victoria as quickly  as possible in order to complete arrangements  with the provincial government if any modification of the proposal in my letter of the 27th  instant should become necessary.  I am in receipt of a telegram last night from  mr. Corbin in London, stating that if the government wish he is willing to make the line from  Nelson to Sproat's Landing part of the proposed  system on the same terms so far as land grants  are concerned, and agree to complete it this  year and give security for good faith.  Please understand that mr. Corbin is not anxious to build this piece of line if any other company will do it. His only object in offering to  construct it is that the government may think  it a necessary line in the interests of the country,  and mr. Corbin is desirous of meeting the government fairly and liberally, if he be.met in the  same spirit.   I have, etc.,   'Charles Wilson.  TELEGRAM FROM MR. ROBSON TO  SIR JOHN  MACDONALD.  Victoria, 24th February, 1890. ,  The right honorable sir John Macdonald,  minister of railways, Ottawa: The provincial  government are strongly in favor of and desire  your assistance in the granting by the Dominion  of the railway charters applied for by the Spok-  Spokane Falls & Northern Railway Company,  provided that the line from Pend d'Oreille to  Nelson be extended by the Dominion charter to  the western terminus of the Crow's Nest &  Kootenay Lake Railway, and also that work on  the lines granted by the two charters be carried  on simultaneously, and that both charters be  forfeited if both lines tare not cbnrpleted in the  time specified in the charter.     John Robson.  TELEGRAM    PROM   MR.   ROBSON   TO   MR.   MARA.  Victoria, 24th February, 1890.  J. A. Mara, esq., M. P., Ottawa: This government is of opinion that the granting of the  two railway charters applied for by the Spokane  Falls & Northern Railway Company would be  greatly to the advantage of the province if the  f olio wing provisions are inserted in the charters:  1st., That the line from Pend d'Oreille junction to Nelson be extended by the Dominion  charter from Nelson to the south end of Kootenay lake to connect with the western terminus  of the Crow's Nest line.  2nd. That clauses be inserted to ensure both  lines being built simultaneously, and that both  charters be forfeited if both lines are not completed in the specified time.  Without these provisions, the enterprise will  not be acceptable. John Robson.  COPY OF A REPORT OF A COMMITTEE OF THE  HONORABLE THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, APPROVED BY HIS HONOR THE LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR ON THE 27TH DAY  OF FEBRUARY, 1890.  The executive council having had under consideration the following resolution passed by  ���������BfflSHM-ntf*  }  J  .t3?  ���������'9     W. THE - MINEE:   NELSON,  B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  JUNE 21,  1890.  the legislative assembly this 27th day of February, 1������90, viz:  "Whereas a company known as the Spokane  Falls :<Sc Northern Railway Company' has applied to the parliament of Canada for charters  for railways from the following points: From  the boundary line at the point of intersection of  Pend d'Oreille river to the town of Nelson, and  thence to the western terminus of the (brow's  Nest railway; from the boundary line at the  point of intersection of the Kettle river, thence  to the coast of the province:  "Arid whereas the construction of such lines  would make a through line of railway communication from the Crow's Nest pass to the cSbast  of the province, to be known as the 'British  Columbia Southern Railway,' and would, by  , reason of the great navigable waterways which  intersect the said line of railway at right angles  at fom* different points, be the means of developing the vast natural resources of the whole  southern portion of the province, and thereby  would be a great benefit to trade:  "And whereas it is understood that strenuous  opposition, not hi the interest of the province,  is being offered in order to defeat the passing of  said bills through the Dominion house:  "Therefore be it resolved, that an humble address be presented to his honor the lieutenant-  governor, praying that his honor "will,, without  prejudice to provincial rights, immediately  move the Dominion government, that the  charters applied for by the 'Spokane Falls &  Northern Railway Company' may be granted,  Provided always, that clauses be inserted compelling the company to commence work this  year on both lines, that is to say: From Pend  d'Oreille towards Nelson; from Kettle river to  the west; and from the coast of the province to  the east; that work snould be continued concurrently from all these points; that the railway to the western terminus of the Crow's Nest  line should be completed in four years, and the  railway to the west in six years, from the granting of the charters; and that in default of these  terms being complied with, both charters, together with the rights appertaining thereto,  shall be forfeited; and that a copy of this resolution be at once transmitted by telegraph to  the Dominion government." Respectfully recommend its approval.  Certified. A. Campbell Reddie,  Deputy clerk executive council.  TELEGRAMS BETWEEN   GOVERNOR  NELSON  AND  SECRETARY OF  STATE  CHAPLEAU.  Victoria, 27th February, 1890.  The honorable secretary of state, Ottawa:  Whereas a company known as the "Spokane  Falls & Northern Railway Company" has applied to the parliament of Canada for charters  for railways from the following points: From  the boundary line at the point of intersection of  Pend d'Oreille river to the town of Nelson, and  thence to the western terminus of the Crow's  Nest railway; from the boundary line at the  point of intersection of the Kettle river; thence  to the coast of the province:  And whereas the construction of such lines  would make a through line of railway communication from the Crow's Nest pass to the coast  of the province, to be known as the "British  Columbia Southern Railway," and would, by  reason of the great navigable waterways which  intersect the said line of railway at right angles  at four different points, be the means of developing the vast natural resources of the whole  southern portion of the province, and thereby  would be a great benefit to trade:  And whereas it is understood that strenuous  opposition, not in the interest of the province, is  being offered in order to defeat the passing of  the said bills through the Dominion house.  Therefore be it resolved, that an humble address be presented to his honor the lieutenant-  governor, praying that his honor will, without  prejudice to provincial rights, immediately  move the Dominion government, tha/t the  charters applied for by the "Spokane Falls &  Northern Railway Company" may be granted:  Provided always that clauses be inserted compelling the company to commence work this  year on both lines, that is to say: From Pend  a'Oreille towards Nelson; from Kettle river to  the west; and from the coast of the province to  the east; that work should be continued concurrently from all these points; that the railway  to the western terminus of the Crow's Nest line  should be completed in four years, and the railway to the west in six years from the granting  of the charters; and that in default of these  terms being complied with, both charters, together with the rights appertaining thereto,  shall be forfeited; and that a copy of this resolution be at once transmitted by telegraph to  the Dominion government. Submitted in report of my executive council approved by me.  Hugh Nelson, lieutenant-governor.  ANOTHER   SMEI.TER   FOR   NORTHERN   KOOTENAY.  Ottawa, 28th February, 1890.  To his honor Hugh Nelson, lieutenant-governor, Victoria:   Your message re Spokane Falls  & Northern  railway received and referred to  minister of railways. J. A. Chapleau.  Califoriiiaiis Seefting a Better Climate.  To the Editor of The Miner: Would you be kind  enough to send nie a copy of your paper as I am desirous  of obtaining all the information I can of the Kootenay  district. All being well, I expect to take up a government  grant of land there the coming fall, and five of my neighbors will probably join me. G-. O. Mason.  Wheatland, California, May 1st.  In this part of Kootenay district there is but  little land suitable for ^ranching jyurposes, and  the little there is has already been taken up by  speculators or reserved for the benefit of the  Canadian Pacific railway. There is a large area  of land in the valley of the Kootenay river, between the international boundary line and the  lower end of Kootenay lake, but it is subject to  overflow. Yet, a sturdy settler in that valley  might overcome all the difficulties incident to  too much water, but he would surely make a  failure in the end, owing to the swarms of mos-  quitos that infest it during the summer months.  There is good ranching land in the section  known as "Upper Kootenay," which extends  from Tobacco Plains at the boundary line to the  Columbia lakes, a distance of over 100 miles. It  is accessible from the Northern Pacific at Kootenai, Idaho, and from the Canadian Pacific at  Golden, B. C. At present it is a good stock  country, and will be a fine generad ranching  district, when tapped by the branch of the Canadian Pacific now building eastward from the  Columbia river at Sproat, the mining camps on  Kootenay lake furnishing a market.  John Houston. Charles H. Ink.  W. Gesner Allan (a Notary Public).  Houston, Ink & Allan,  AND  Will purchase and sell mining claims and town lots;  collect rents; write bills of sale, bonds, agreements, mortgages, deeds, certificates of incorporation; etc, etc.  Aid in procuring crown deeds for lands, Nelson town  lots, and mineral claims.  Office in The Miner building, Baker Street, Nelson.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims; crown grants obtained  for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  TlrcTereetion of the smelting furnace at Golden  is progressing favorably, and the work of excavating for the buildings is being carried  forward very rapidly by the Hayes & Cochrane  company, who have received the contract for  that work. ��������� :     ''.'.���������  The Kicking Horse is bridged, in order that  the output of the ore of the up>per country may  be transported from the steamboat landing directly to  the works, without passing  through  the thoroughfares of primitive Golden. The  bridge will also furnish communication between  the works and the company's new townsite.  In conversation lately with mr. Fowler, the  smelting syndicate's superintendent, we gained  the following facts relative to the above mentioned works.  The dimensions of the buildings and style and  make of plant are as follows: One building for  offices and analytical laboratory, 20 x 30; one for  roaster furnace, 70 x 80; one for 2 calcining  furnaces and ore crusher, 53 x 53, with an additional shed; for coke, 53 x 13; one ore house  40 x 40; also a receiving platform, 90 x 76, close  to a spur of the C.P.R., capable of accommod:  ating 12 box cars. There will also be a shed for  coal fuel, 20 x 40.  These buildings will be conrposed of square  timbers with shingled roofing, and the usual  precautionary measures in case of fire.  The most of the plant was manufactured by  Fraser & Chalmers of Chicago, 111., and consists  of one water jacket furnace, 7 x 10, with No. 4  bknyer, 33 x 72; and one Blake crusher, 14x24.  The belt rolls and sample grinder, 5 feet U inches,  power elevator and all casting for the calcining  furnaces were also funished by the American  firm. '_.  The motive power will consist of one 30-horse-  power slide valve engine and tubular boiler, 12  feet long by 42 inches in diameter; these were  manufactured in Toronto.  The supply of water'" will be taken from the  Kicking Horse, by means of a No. 6^ Knowels  pump, capable  of a volume of 150 gallons per :  minute.  The brick will probably be taken from Calgary  as a suitable clay is not found, so far, around  Golden.  Mr. Fowler expects to have these works ready  for blowing in by the middle of July and not later  than the first of August; but the company will  be prepared to purchase and receive ores before  that date.    This plant is intended or adapted to  treat   ores   of   the   sulphurous   or   argentiferous galena class, but will also reduce ores carrying   a   limited   percentage   of   copper.     These  works are intended to treat about 40 tons of ore  in 24 hours and will employ a minimum of about  30 actual working men, exclusive of suxDernum-  aries, if kept running in full blast.    This will  give this growing burgh an established revenue  to  draw from, but the success will materially  depend on the action so-called miners take in  the matter.     We  have heard the want  of a  smelter at this point advocated for some years  back, and now that the dreams of some of our  prophets are about to  be realized in this respect, it behooves them to get a rustle on them  and start taking out and sacking for shipment  some of the product of their young Comstocks.  It will add a further incentive to development,  as prospectors whose claims are not too isolated  from the navigable waters of the Columbia,.may  be able to develop their claims for the worth of  the ore excavated.  In mr.. Fowler's opinion the ores in general,  submitted to his inspection so far, are very desirable smelting ores; but many���������nearly all���������are  adapted to concentration before smelting; they  are also of a refractory nature.  Golden, May 13th. Neil L. Morrison.  Will ���������elel>rsile Dominion  Ifcay.  The people of Donald have subscribed about  $400 prize money, to be distributed on July 1st  to the owners of fast nags, long-winded foot  racers, athletic acrobats, supple little boys, and  agile little girls. J. C. Steen, George Sutherland, and Jack Matheson are head pushers,  which is a guarantee that the celebration will  be a success. Steen will see to it that the money  is paid in and disbursed; George that the boys  will have all the sport they want; and Jack that  everything is on the dead square.  ma tuxmmtMmmmmmwbmmiMmmmmmitBmia WMMfflBaaBaiHMl&Mta  MliftMIWaSilMiM 8  THE  MINEE:   NELSON,  E.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  JUNE  21,   1890.  Main Street,  REVELSTOKE  Eailroad Avenue,  SPROAT.  "V7"i3:oni.DBS_A.Il,E   .AJNTID   lEfcZE-'^IIL,  I '    i  I!  is^  I!  ������ J  f '  <:  tk  ;!  ������  II  m  i\  $'���������  Agent for Hiram Walker & Sons' Celebrated "Whiskies.  Cor. Vernon and Josephine  small  nijguets  of news.  G. O. Buchanan has received a new carriage  for his saw-mill, and now cuts lumber as smooth  as a politician's promises. ��������� *"���������  Dan O'Ray has two contracts on his hands.  One is supplying the Galena with wood; the  other, the mosquitoes with blood.  Somehow some people who have more notoriety than reputation hanker after conspicuous  locations for their shanties. Suppose they be  compelled to take a back seat behind the rocky  bluffs.  Bonner's Ferry is the place where the boys go  out to have a little social game of "stud" or  "draw." Some of them come back wishing they  hadnt made the trip. -  Railway contractors may have soft snaps once  and awhile; but that old-time contractor who  was herding a gang of Chinese shovelers on a  \ one-by-one slope back of Sproat the other day,  with the sun 105 in the shade, hadnt that kind  of a snap. We'll gamble that he wished he was  back in Manitoba raising Jersey-Ayrshire bulls.  A. D. Wheeler of Ainsworth, a man who has  done much to help develop and attract attention  to the Hot Springs mining district since his arrival there in 1884, was married to miss Sutton  at Tacoma, Washington, on the 11th. The bride  is a sister to mrs. G. B. Wright. Mr. and mrs.  Wheeler arrived home on the Galena Thursday,  and were welcomed by a salute of 20 giant  powder guns.  A. J. Marks returned Thursday, via Revelstoke and Sproat, from a month's trip to the  coast. He reports purchasing furniture for a  10-foot addition to the Nelson house, of -which  he and mr. Van Ness are owners.  Hume & Co. are having their building  plastered. The lime was brought in from Spokane and the sand from near "Bogustown." O. J.  Branch of Revelstoke is doing the work. It  might be worth the while of some man to prospect around for lime-rock and a site for a kiln.  A watchmaker and jeweler might make a living in one of the towns in this district, provided  he did not want the earth all at once.  Of all Nelson's many palatial business houses  but 3 are adorned with signs���������Harris's shoe  shop, the Kootenay hotel, and the Nelson house.  This is a pointer for some enterprising sign  painter.  Thursday Joe Wilson's pack train cleaned up  all the Nelson freight at Sproat and brought it  up the north side of the river, crossing it at the  falls instead of at -Ward's ferry.  George Bigelow is out at Spokane Falls and  Victoria purchasing goods for his Nelson store.  He will probably take in Olympia, Washington,  on the trip, as that is said to be a good place in  which to buy umbrellas and type writers.  Two of the 3 owners of The Miner owe their  lives to Henry Blair. Late one night last March  when footsore and weary from trudging over  the rocks and boulders that line the north bank  of   the   Kootenay   river  between   Bob Yuill's  camp and the point opposite Nelson, they were  met by mr. Blair and rescued. It was a timely  rescue, for one of the two has been "tired" ever  since.  R. E. Lemon is in Victoria purchasing stock  for his Nelson house. The goods will be shipped  in via Kootenai station and Bonner's Ferry.  The shares in the Citizens' wharf at Nelson  would be above par if the same rate of wharf age  Was charged for landing good's.'on it as is  charged by the Canadian Pacific for landings  made at the wharf at Sproat.  C. S. F. Hamber came in Thursday from New  Westminster, and will engage in the real estate  business. He was accompanied by a fishing rod  only.  "Captain" Davies intends docking the Midge  for repairs. The machinery will be sent out to  Portland, Oregon, for a thorough overhauling.  The hull will be recalked and repainted. These  improvements will make the Midge the smartest  craft of her size on any water in inland British  Columbia.  Jim Gilker, Nelson's genial postmaster, requests The Miner to publish broadcast that her  majesty's mail arrives at his office every Monday at 4 o'clock and departs every Tuesday  morning at 7:30 o'clock. Letters for registry  should be handed in at least 30 minutes before  the time for departure.  Nelson undoubtedly can boast of a largei  number of buildings than any other town in the  district, but it cannot hold a candle to Ainsworth for boats. At the latter place can be  found sail boats, punts, row boats, canoes of  canvass and of bark, bateaux, etc.,ete.,finished in  air styles and painted in all colors.  An engine and flat car for the Sproat to  Nelson railway was brought down by tho Kootenai on Thursday.  Ed Atherton is seriously thinking of writing a  novel. It will be founded on his narrow escape  from drowning the last time the Slocan ferry  went out, and will be entitled, "Saved���������Without  Wetting a Hair."  William Co wen' of the Victoria hotel, Revelstoke, put in a couple of days at Nelson and  Ainsworth this week. He reports the Victoria,  as well as the other Revelstoke hotels, doing a  rushing business. He left on Thursday with a  good impression of what he saw in the 2 towns.  E. E. Alexander of Spokane Falls is in Nelson  looking after his mining interests. He also intends purchasing lots at the auction sale on  the 25th.   Better Mail Facilities Promised-.  E. H. Fletcher, postoffice inspector for the district of British  Columbia, was in  Nelson "last  week, merely to' see if better postal facilities  were needed. He took a trip to Ainsworth, and  on his return said that he would try and get  the mail route extended from Nelson, via Ainsworth, to the boundary. He also promised to  make arrangements so that Nelson would have  2 mails a week. Small favors thankfully received.  C. S. F. Hamber,  Notary Public, Nelson.  A. G. Thynne,  Vancouver.  AND  General Commission Agents.  CONVEYANCES,   ETC.  executed with promptness and dispatch.  INI1MG STOCK and CLAIMS  bought, bonded, and sold.  OFFICE  THE   MINER   BUILDING.  Baker Street, near Josephine.  All Work  Turned  Out Promptly  and in First-Class Style.   None but WMte  Help Employed.  Mrs. ALICE F0STEK.  --���������   i-:\.T* ���������,.������,*'��������� ;���������.{,������ -u*-.- ������ ,-��������� t vVf*-  re


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