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The Miner Jun 13, 1891

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 ��>iily 'Paper.
��� Printed;., m tl*e
.fLootenny ialte Min
ing' Districts.
' For 'Kates ; ;.
of Subscription and
Art vertis ing
See Fourtli Page.
��� NUMBER-'52.,
$4, A YEAE.
A public meeting was held at Nelson on Tuesday evening to discuss the question of holding
sports at Nelson and Ainsworth on the first and
fourth days of July. The attendance at the
meeting was small. The"chair was taken a few
minutes after 8 o'clock by John Houston ; the
duties of secretary being performed by W. Ges-
ner Allan.    After a little discussion, it was held
advisable to hold sports on both days^ the athletic sports to take. place at Ainsworth on the
first and  the  aquatic sports at Nelson on the
fourth.    The question  of funds  was  next  discussed, and it was decided to use the remainder
of the money, subscribed during the winter for
advertising  purposes,  for prizes,   etc.    It was,
also, unanimously voted that a special invitation
to be present in the lake country on those days
, be forwarded to John Robson and the members
of his cabinet, and to the  mayors of Victoria,
Vancouver, New Westminster,  Spokane JFalls,
and Oolville.      A  committee  of  arrangements,
was then appointed, consisting of messrs. Crane,
Houston, and LaBau.    Messrs. Bigelow, Gilker,
and Mahoney were constituted  a subscription
committee;  while the invitation and reception
duties  were  entrusted  to  messrs; Hill, Hume,
Lemon, Selous, Rodgers, Teetzel, Marks, Crad-
.. dock,   Wilson, Giffin, and Allan.     The various
committees  were instructed  to  meet again on
Friday evening.
XooSong- Better.
Not satisfied <with any of the offers made for
their property, the Owners of the Queen Victoria, a copper lead   on   the north  side of the
Kootenay, have been busy for the past few
weeks doing more development work. The
tunnel is now in about 35 feet, and is crosscut-
ing the ledge. The ledge has been stripped in
four or five places - and is from 90 to 100 feet
wide. The ore carries copper and silver, and is
low grade. The face of the tunnel is now in the
best mineral they have struck so far.
Will not Be  ISeady for Another Month. "[
It is reported from .an authentic source that
the boiler for mr. Corbin's steamer at the Little
Dalles will not be delivered for a month.   The
rest of the machinery is on the way, having
been shipped last week. It looks as if the boat
would not be running much before the 1st of
August. As soon as the steamer is making
daily trips, the trains will be run to make connections, so that passengers for the lake country
can come through to Nelson without delay.
A New Mining Camp.
Apart from  its  advertised desirability for a
smelter site, its favorable location as a business
center, and its attractions as a summer resort,
Balfour has now the advantage of having a mineral claim in its immediate neighborhood. On
Tuesday the Outlet was located by C. W.
Busk and C. Vonmoerkeeke, within 1000 feet of
the west boundary of the townsite, and about
half a mile from the river. The rock is white
quartz, carrying copper pyrites.  ..   ���
Assays Over Three Effimdred Ounces.
Rover Creek district has evidently other good
properties besides the gold claims. The Mayflower, a claim located there about a month ago
by messrs. Case, Mulvey, McKearne, and Gentiles, has a vein of galena'from 8 to 10 inches
wide���galena, too, that assays $378.69 in silver
and 60 per cent lead. The owners have laid in
supplies for the summer and are going to do development work.
Rustling to Give lis a Telegraph Unc.
Mr. Wilson, the C P. R. telegraph superintendent from Vancouver, went down the Columbia in a canoe in the early part of the week
to see about hurrying up the work,of extending
the telegraph line of the Spokanexfe Northern to
Robson. He found everything well under way,
half the poles being up. It will then be extended to Nelson., Tracklaying from Sproat to
Robson was begun on Wednesday. It is expected that the superintendent's office will be
moved to Robson next week ; and then Sproat
will be decently buried.
Thursday,  June 4th.���The Stokesley, situate
on the west side of  Eagle creek, about ^ mile
above   the   government   trail,   and   being   the
southerly extension of the Forest; James Buchanan and John Nettleton, locators.
Saturday, June 6th���The M. D., situate on
Eagle creek about 6miles below Nelson, being a
fraction^ comprising the whole Of the ground
lying between the Burro, Total Wreck, High
Ore, and Pioneer claims; W. Gesner Allan,
Tuesday, June 9th.��� The Dick, situate on the
north side of Kootenay riverf opposite the
mouth of 49 creek and 2 miles from the-river,
and being the western extension of the John A;
Thomas Trenery, locator. The Emma, situate
about f. mile west of Eagle creek, and near the
WildCat; J. L. Hamilton, locator.
Friday, June 12t.h.���The Alaska, situate 3
miles south from Nelson, on the north slope of
Toad 'mountain, about 600 feet above the wagon
road; John McKinnon, locator.
Thursday, June 4th.��� The Jupiter, situate on
the south side of the south branch of Coffee
creek, about 4 miles west of ^Kootenay lake;
George Schroder, locator.
Friday June 5th.���The G. B. McClelland, situate on Krao creek, about 2 miles West of Kootenay lake, and being the south extension of the
Mount View; George W. Adrian, locator. The
, Sam Patch, situate on Krao creek, about \ of
a mile east of and running parallel with the G.
B. McClelland, about 2| miles west of Kootenay
lake; Irvine A. Dunsmore, locator. The Ogdens-
burg, situate on Cedar creek, about. 1�� miles west
of Kootenay lake, and being south extension of
the Sunny Side; A. J. Whalen, J. H. Fink, and
L. R. Lindsay, locators.
Saturday, June 6th.'���The .Lakeview., situate
on Boulder creek about 3| miles south of the
Blue Bell, east side of Kootenay Lake; James
A. Melville and J. L. Hector Toueigay, locators.
The Carbonate King, situate on the south side
of Boulder Creek, east side of Kooteay lake, and
being the south extension of the Lake view; W.
O. Scofield locator. The Gem, situate about ^
mile south of Boulder creek, east side of Koote-^
nay lake, and being the second south extension
of the Lakeview; Eli Carpenter, locator.
Monday, June 8th.��� The Ruby, situate on the
south bank of Cedar creek and running parallel
with the west side line of the Billy Sherman,
about \ a mile west of Kootenay Lake; William
Smith, locator.
Tuesday, June 9th.���The Outlet, situate about
1000 feet west from the western boundary of the
townsite of Balfour, and about 12 a mile due
north of the old woodyard cabin, on the west
arm of the lake; C. W." Busk and C, Vonmoerkeeke locators.
Wednesday, June 10th.���The Bald Eagle, situate about 4 miles west of Kootenay lake, and
about | of a mile east of the Skyline, and running parallel with the east side line of the
Rainey Day; Charles Wheten, locator. The
French, situate about 20 miles north of Ainsworth, west side of Kootenay lake, Thomas
Trener, George Ellis, and Joseph Fereow,
Will Try to det Machinery  up   the Hill this Year.
The boarding houses on the Dandy ground are
nearly finished; and mr. Eslersays he intends to
have machine drills working on Toad mountain
this year if the wagon road is completed in time.
TIBBIE    WBLI/:. S5E: ������IPLEffTY,-.OF   .FUNDS..
Owing to a '���..miscalculation", probably, on the
part of the lands and works department at Victoria, the beginning of work on the wagon road
to the Hall mines was not delayed long enough
to make it impossible to get the road completed
to the mines soon enough to be of service this
year.    Since its commencement the  work  has
been  pushed   right   ahead.     The  road  is   now?-
slashed out to the summit of the first .peak at
the other side of Giveout creek, leaving about
three and a half miles yet to be done.    The survey line has not been followed exactly and the
grade in some places is a little steep, but not
enough to affect the usefulness of the road. The
road-bed is solid right along; and,  when  it is
completed, the road will be qLi.ite"' good enough
to draw machinery and supplies over.    This is
all that it is likely to be needed for this year. tiA
careful estimate of the, work to  be done was
made on Friday, and it is thought that the Hall
��� mines', will, be'reached by about the middle of
next  month.    Those in charge of the work do
not anticipate any shortness of funds, as what
they now have on hand is ample, provided no
exceptionally heavy work is encountered.    The
last mile, around the head, of Giveout creek, is
the worst piece on the whole distance; but due
allowance for this was made  in   making  the
estimate.    About 80 men are now employed on
the work. .   -  ���������"',""���'"'"   '���-. '������
They do  not Want Napoleon Fifxstsihhs.    ,;:
Many rumors to the contrary notwithstanding, the question of the gold com missionership
of this district has been definitely settled, as the
following notice from the Gazette proves :
"Napoleon Fitzstubbs, esquire, stipendiary
magistrate, to be gold commissioner; government agent; assistant commissioner of lands
and   works;,   deputy registrar   of   the   county
court of Kootenay, holden at Revelstoke; collector of votes; returning officer ; a court of
revision and appeat under the Assessment Act;
registrar under and to carry out the marriage '
ordinances, and to receive applications for registration and record under the provisions of the
land registry act, for the West Kootenay electoral district, vice George Christie Tunstall, esquire, stipendiary magistrate, transferred to another district."	
. To the Editor of The Miner: The appointment of
Mr. Fitzstubbs as gold commissioner for the district of
West Kootenay lias caused an indignation meeting to be
held here tonight, at -.which the following telegram was
drawn up and dispatched :
To the Honorable John Robson, Victoria: The appointment, of gold commissioner for West Kootenay was
denounced at an influential meeting held here tonight.
The meeting was unanimous that your government be re- l
quested to hold him.till petitions can be sent and every
part of the district heard from.
(Signed). W. A. JOWETT, chairman.
There is a petition being drawn up against the appointment, which will ho almost unanimously signed here, and
we.have been appointed a committee to advise you of our
actions in the matter and request your co-operation by taking the matter up in your part of the district and petitioning against the appointment which we consider not at all
appropriate. We will also urge the government to appoint some local man to fill the position. In name and on
behalf of the residents of Revelstoke we are, yours verv
truly. II. A. 11ROWN, }
THOMAS HAMILTON,    Committee.
W. M. 'HI < OWN. J
Revelstoke, B. C, June (5, 1891.
We enclose, also, a copy of the heading of the petition
circulated at; Rcvelstok, address to the provincial secretary: "We, the undersigned residents and electors of and
around Revelstoke, in the district of West Kootenay, do
hereby strongly protest against the appointment of
Napoleon Fitzstubbs to the position of gold commissioner
of West Kootenay, not considering him worthy of our
esteem and confidence, and Ave do hereby beg that his appointment be cancelled. We would also pray that your
government appoint an eligible resident of the district to
the position, who could have our respect and do honor to
the position."	
It will now be in order for the people here to
acquaint themselves with the shortcomings of
mr. Napoleon Fitzstubbs, and govern themselves accordingly. All The Miner knows of
that gentleman, is that it does not like his name.
tsw^sss^^ THE  MIrTER:    JTELSOff,   B,   0.,   SATUEDAY,   JUNE  13, 1891.
Main Street,
Wright Street,
iners' Supplies, Iron and Steel, Hardware, G-roceries, Provisions, Boots and: I
D Eta, Etc;     ;
Having bought the stock and book debts of the late firm of E. S. WILSON & 00., all parties having outstanding accounts
are requested to call and settle them as soon as possible.
Not until they������'endeavor to fill his places do the
people of  Germany realize  how great a gap in
the rank of their leaders has been caused by the
death of field-marshal Von Moltke.    It is likely
to be ���long' 'before the same colossal mental force
and unflagging industry are again found concentrated   in the  one  man;  and the  Germans
have cause to lament his decease.    Stuart- Cumberland  described   Moltke   as   being   "without
parallel   in    his   capacity   for   sustained   hard
thought;" and for the careful use of that capacity Tie was almost as singular.     The lesson of
the great field-marshal's life shows the value of
concentration- in every form of work, from the
management of an army to the writing of a letter.    There was no waste in Moltke, not even a
waste of  words; the men said,of him that he
could be silent in many languages.    The reason
was that he had learned to combine his faculties
and direct them all in harmony to the purpose
of  the  hour.    ELe  needed all  his  energies  for
action, and because  even  talk   must draw for
sustenance upon the nervous forces, he said little.    He had   brought -his-own, faculties under
drill and discipline, and in like manner he could
condense the energies of a kingdom into a cannon   ball,   compact  and   irresistible^   He   drew
eight corps of the Prussian army from divergent
points and converged them upon Sadowa in the
critical moment of battle, as a leus concentrates
the sunbeams.    The center of the Austrian army
melted under the heat, and when the sun went
down  upon  the field,   Austria   had   no  longer
either voice or vote in the politics of .Germany.
By his infallible mathematics he worked out the
doom of the French empire long before the challenge of Napoleon came, so that when the proclamation of war was made, he had nothing to
do but touch the little button that set in motion
all the complex machinery of the German army,
and move it like the sweep of a sword across
France to the field of destiny by the ramparts
of Sedan.    Every great man's life is an example
from which instruction may be drawn; and that
of Moltke shows the value of temperance and
exercise; not  the exercise of pleasure, but the
exercise of work.   He started in life with ninety
years'capital in  the bank, and his account was
never over-drawn.     His  allowance  for  a  day
sufficed him for a day, he did not by over-indulgence and excess consume his capital, and so he
lived his ninety years, a healthy, vigorous man.
He worked   hard,  but  he slept easy;   and   the
reason  why he did not die at threescore years
and ten, or even at four score years, was because
he had something  to do���a  potent element of
long life.    When a man at sixty-five or seventy,
says that his work in this world is done, it is a
charity for nature to take him at his word, and
give him eternal rest.   Many, men, perhaps most
men, start in life with ninety years' capital in
the   bank, but. they over-draw, and find themselves  vitally  bankrupt  at  sixty   or sixty-five.
Few of them reach an end so  happy and desirable as Moltke's last day.    Work in  the line of
public duty in the morning, dinner at home in
the evening, a quiet game of whist, an then "a
stoppage of the heart."    No days of pain and
fever, no vigils of the night; only a stoppage of
the heart; and in the morning Berlin awakened
to   learn   that father   Moltke  was  dead���that
while  the city  slept his little  bark   had  been
safely-beached on the golden strands of eternity.
Moltke was old eiiough to remember how the
French tore Germany to pieces, after the battle
of Jena, as the lion tears his prey. He lived to
see Germany united, and, through his own industry and genius���the greatest military power,
in the world.
Tlie Itata Surrenders.
Tlie following dispatch, anent the Itata, has
been received at Washington, D..C, by secretary
Tracy:    "Iquique, Chili,- June 4th.��� The Itata
arrived here from Tacopilla last night, and was
placed  at the  disposition of  rear-admiral  Mc-
Cann  this   morning.     She   had  on   board 5000
rifles and amunition taken from the Robert and
Minnie, of  the  port  of San Diego, California.
She has no other munitions of war than these
belonging to the ship and transferred nothing
to the Esmeralda, with which she communicated
off Acapulco.    She  then  went  direct to Toca-
pilla.    The Charleston arrived here today, and
the Pensacola is expected here today.    As soon
as the Itata takes on  coal and prepares for her
return trip, admiral McGann will send her back
to  San Diego,   probably   under   convoy  of his
cruisers.    She will be delivered  to  the United
States court officers at San Diego, and proceedings against her for violation  of the neutrality
laws will be resumed at the point where they
were interrupted by the unlawful departure of
the steamer, and the responsible parties w7ill be
likely called   upon  to answer a, charge of contempt of court for running away while under an
injunction.    The Chiliean insurgents, it seems,
upon hearing of the escape of the Itata, while
under an injunction, disapproved of this action,
and at once determined to surrender the vessel,
and a proposition  was  made by <the insurgents,
through admiral McCa.nn, to surrender as soon-
as she arrived at a South American port.    The
commander of  the Itata states  that the arms
were not embarked at  San   Diego,  but many
miles out to sea.    The insurgent government at
Iquique claims this modifies the situation, and
will probably result in a speedy solution of the
Oor. East Baker and Ward Streets.
Contracts taken for hauling supplies, machinery, ore, etc.,
to and from mines in Hot Springs district.
Slitton Street,���'AINSWORTM','. IS. C.
(Formerly of Virginia, Nevada.)
The  only short-order house in Hot Springs district.
Porterhouse and tenderloin steaks a specialty.
Meals at all hours.
Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.
Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,
Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.
Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying
duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.
(Late Assayer for the Anaconda Company, Butte, Montana.)
Assay Charges.���Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each. Gold
and silver or lead and silver, $2. Copper, $2.50. Silver and
copper, .-$3. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gold, silver, and
copper, $3.50.
. Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each. Gold
and silver, ��2. Gold, silver, and lead,
Silver and copper, $3. Gold, silver, and
copper assays by electrolysis.
and silver or lead
$8. Copper, $2.50.
copper, $3.50.   All
Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.
Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained  for
mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.
Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.
In the matter of the estate of Joseph Wilson, deceased,
Persons having claims against the above estate are requested to present them to the undersigned, at Nelson.
B. C, for settlement; to whom, also, persons indebted to
said estate arc notified to make payment of all moneys
due. W. J. WILSON, administrator.
Nelson, B. C, May 23rd, 1891. THE  MBLEK:<   NELSON,   B.   0.,  SATUKDAY,  JUNE  13,   1891.
George C. Hunt
J. Dover
Josephine. Street,
Maniifactiiring Jewelers
for the Trade,
E ALE ��3 8 JN:' i
Harefrally   Repaired   and   Satisfaction   ���iuarautee��l.
Nelson Store, for the Present, in "Miner" Building.
Branch Store at Donald, B. 0,
Physician, Surgeon, and Accoiicheiuy
Office:   Stanley Street. ( ���
Dental fillings, guaranteed for one year, neatly and carefully done in gold, amalgam, or cement on Tuesdays and
Fridays from 2 to �� P. M.
Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days after date we
intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and
works for permission to purchase a tract of land described
as follows :������'���'���.
Beginning at a post marked N. W. corner post on the
west shore of Kootenay lake about three miles south of the
mouth of the Lardeaux river, thence south 40 chains,
thence east to the shore of the lake, thence following the
meanderings of the shore to the place of beginning, con- ���
taining 160 acres, more or less. T. J. DAYIES.
Ainsworth, B. C, June 1st, 1891. G. B. NAGLE.
In the matter of James Ryan, E. Matson (alias Korpi) and
Henry Martin (alias Huntula), deceased, intestate.
Notice is hereby given .that all persons having accounts
collectible from the estates of James Ryan, E. Matson,
(alias Korpi) and Henry Martin (alias Huntula), deceased,
intestate, are requested to. forward to the undersigned a detailed statement of such indebtedness; to whom, also, all
persons indebted to the said estates are requested to pay
all monies due, within 60 days from the publication of
this notice. W. GESNER ALLAN.
.   Nelson, B. C, June 6th, 1891.     ���
The RAILWAY HOTEL at ROBSON will be opened on
or about the loth of June. The hotel is advantageously
situated near the railway station and steamboat landing
and will afford all the desirable comforts. The kitchen
will be superintended by one of its owners, N. Sicotte, who
is a caterer of long experience. Mr. Sicotte will be aided
by messrs. Levesque and Provost, who are also equally interested in the hotel. The table will always be supplied
with the best of everything obtainable. The bar will be
stocked with choice liquors and cigars. The whole will
be strictly first-class in every respect.
Robson, May 29th.
Notice is hereby given, that in consequence of the prevailing high wrater all alluvial mining claims situate on
Hall creek, in the District of West Kootenay, will be laid
over until the 1st day of July. G. C. TUN STALL,
Nelson, May 21st, 1891. Gold commissioner.
CREAM,   ���>F   T3IB   W��.IML'H>'S'   NEWS.
Charles Stuart Parnell has married Kitty O'Shea.
The Bank of England rate of discount has been reduced
to 4 per cent. '
Ten thousand workmen in the largest shipyards on the
Clyde, in the vicinity of Glasgow, have quit work. The
strike has crippled shipbuilding operations on that river.
On Tuesday, the 2nd, 5390 immigrants arrived in New
York. This is the greatest number that has over arrived
at that place in one day. Assistant secretary Nettleton on
Wednesday the 3rd, directed the return of 2 immigrants to
their respective countries; These immigrants arrived in
the United States iri January last, but have since become
paupers and under the new immigration law can be returned at the expense of the steamship company which
brought theni to the United States. This is the first order
of the kind issued by the treasury department, and indicates the rigor with which the new law is to be enforced.
Madame Blavatzky, the well-known founder of the Theo-
sophist society, is dead.
The'British South Africa Company has driven back the
Portuguese all along the line and England may ultimately
drive them out of Africa altogether.        <���
The debate in the Dominion house on the motion of
Laurier, censuring sir, Charles Tupper for participation in
the recent elections has ended, and the final vote resulted'
in the government being sustained by a'majority of 21.   '.
'������...Jewish Persecution in. Russia.
The relentless severity whicll characterized
the persecution of the entire Hebrew race in
Russia at its beginning is by no means abating;
nor is it the intention of the heartless autocrat
who has instituted it that it should abate. In
responding to a personal appeal made by an influential Russian on behalf of the .Tews the czar
said he was determined to continue0 his measures
of Jewish repression with a view to the solution
s of the Jewish question. The Jews themselves,
he declared, had forced this policy. There had
never been a nihilist plot hi which they were
not concerned, and they were 'continually
actively engaged in propagating subversive
movements. No measure is"too harsh, no treatment too severe for the, consummation of this
solution; and the unfortunate Jews, are now
fleeing from Russia in thousands, and are in
search of a suitable location in which to ground
a Jewish colony. A few Jewish capitalists are
considering favorably the settlement of half a
million Je.ws in the northwest of Arabia, near
the Red sea. The land is under Egyptian rule,
and the soil is fertile with a good climate, while
only a few wandering Arabs lay any claim to
occupation. The proposition is to establish a
principality under the suzerainty of the khedive,
and with some wealthy London or American
Jew as reigning prince of the province, which
would be autonomous and have its own military
and system of police. The Egyptian government is favorable to the proposition, and the
question is, where to find a prince. Baron
Hirsch has been mentioned, and also a prominent Hebrew banker in New York. The person
thus honored would be expected to contribute
liberally to the foundation of the principality.
Whatever else may be the result of this persecution there can be but little doubt but that it is
sowTing the seeds of future evil for the decaying
dynasty of the Romanoffs.
eposit Co.
will shortly transact a general banking business in the
Houston & Ink block. C. TAYLOR, Manager.
Thirty days after date I intend to make application to
the chief commissioner of. lands and works for permission
to lease for lumbering purposes the following tract of land :
Beginning at a stake on the west bank of the Lardeau
river, about 4�� miles from its mouth, thence south 80
chains, thence east to the river, thence north along bank
of river to the place of beginning ; containing 610 acres
more or less. G.O.BUCHANAN.
Nelson, April 16th, 1891.
The partnership heretofore existing between Oscar Soder-
berg and Axel Johnson, doing business as hotelkeepcrs at
Nelson under the firm name of Soderberg & Johnson, is dissolved. All accounts due the firm must be paid to Axel
Johnson, who will also pay all firm debts.
Nelson, May 26th, 1891. AXEL JOHNSON.
The undersigned will continue the business at the old
stand, the Kootenay House, and will be pleased to have a
share of public patronage. AXEL JOHNSON.
Nelson, May 26th, 1891.
1fas�� ��
���,. Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission.   Conveyancing documents drawn up.
Correspondence solicited.
Office:   IS[o. 13 East Baker Street/NELSON, B. a
(rEOo E. R. ���; ELBIS9 Fo ;G. S..'.
Author of "Practical Organic Analysis," the "Iron Ores of
the World," etc.; expert in the "Bluebird
, ,' Mining Suit" (Butte City);        ���
��� .��� ���; ���".NEiiS0N,.'-B. ���.
Will examine and report on, or superintend the development of, mining properties in West.Kootenay; advises on the treatment of ores, and furnishes specifications of mining, milling, and smelting plants.. c-
ASSA��, CHIAISCHES: Gold, silver, or lead '��1.50 each.
Gold and silver, or lead and silver, ��2. Copper, $2.50.
Silver and copper, ��>3. Gold, silver, and lead, ��3. Gold,
silver, and copper, ��i ; and so on. <
Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,
bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.
always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.
Undertaking attended to.
Shop: 0oi\ Baker and Josephine Sts.
^      Isa^V^FH
���<>r3tci' B��;iKcr and. Stanley Streets,
KELSON, .15. C.
iVE'iSOX,   15. ���.
Plans, specifications, and estimates furnished for
all classes of buildings.
Address :   Nelson Hotel.
Lbrra a
Will contract to do brick and stone work, also plastering
and calcimining. Leave orders at J. Fred Hume & Go's,
9 and 11 East Vernon street, Nelson, B. C.
A sitting of the county court of Kootenay will be held at
Nelson on Saturday, the 20th day of June, 1891.
Nelson, May 12th, 1891. T. II. GIFFIN, registrar. 4
THE  MINEfi:    KELSON,   B.   0.,  SATUEDAY,  JUNE 13, 1891.
The Miner is printed on Saturdays; and will be
mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance
rates: Three months ��1.50," six months ��2.50, one year &L
Transient Advertisements will be inserted for
15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line
for each additional insertion. Twelve, lines of 9 words
each make an inch. All advertisements printed for
a less period than 3 months considered transient and
must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less
than ,12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.
Birth Notices free if weightop child is given; if
weight is not given ��1 will be charged. Marriage
announcements will be charged from ��1 to ��10���according to the social standing of the bridegroom.
Job Printing in good style at fair rates.   Cards,
envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept
. in stock. '���; ��� ���'..
Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the
rate of ��3 an inch (down the column) per month. A
special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.
Letters to the Editor will only appear over the;
writer's name. Communications with such signatures
as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc^ etc.,
will not be printed on any consideration.
Address all Letters : The Miner, Nelson, B. C.
The personnel of The Miner has undergone
a slight modification ; John Houston having disposed ofcliis interest in this paper, together with
all his Nelson property. From this on, the editorial "we" of The Miner will be composed of
Charles H. Ink and W. Gesner Allan.
It has often been  remarked by new arivals at
Nelson that it was not to be wondered at that
the town had been so prosperous, for the people
here had the reputation on the outside of being
united and pulling well together in every matter  which  affected   the  public weal.     And so
they have  been.     And,  if they are as levelheaded, in the future as they have been in the
past, they will continue to act unitedly.    For,
for a time at least, Nelson's immediate future
will largely depend on the co-operation of the
men who are building up the town.    Concerning the expenditure  of the government appropriations  for grading  the  streets,   etc.,   there
should be no difficulty; for any dissension there
may be among our  citizens must surely be, in
fact, but a difference  of opinion.    If the disbursement is left to the discretion of the government agent here, there should be no dissatisfaction, for an implicit faith in his impartiality is
entertained:  if the disbursement is left to the
wishes of the people, there will be no trouble in
settling the matter, as long as all are disposed,
to be fair-minded in  their action.    One thing is
certain and that is, that sectional caucuses, and
party feeling will add nothing towards a satisfactory solution of the questions at issue, and
will only result in harm to the whole town.
Judging from the number of public communications, the tone of private letters, and the report of reliable men from that place, the people
of Revelstoke appear to  be dissatisfied.     The
trouble has arisen about mr. Tunstall's successor
as gold commissioner for West Kootenay district.     The lieutenant-governor has  appointed
Napoleon Fitzstubbs.    The people of Revelstoke
do not want him; and they have had a spirited
indignation   meeting  to  register   their   disapproval of the appointment and they are circulating a petition  to procure its cancellation���a
committee having been appointed to take the
matter in  hand.    That committee has written
an earnest ajDpeal to Nelson for co-operation in
the matter; but as yet nothing has been done
in this district.    Nor is there likely to  be yet.
As a matter of fact, the people here know very
little  or  nothing   about  Napoleon  Fitzstubbs.
The petition declares that he is not considered
"worthy of esteem and confidence."    Possibly
he is not; and if they knew he was not, the people here would soon rise in arms and  by means
of petitions, indignation meetings, and unani
mous resolutions register a "kick" to that effect.
But it never seems to have occurred to the people of Revelstoke that the people here might"
want to know something definite against a man
before seriously demanding his discharge. If
mr. Fitzstubbs is as undesirable as the people up
the main line would have us believe, why have
charges not been preferred against him? At
present the only-specific "kick" entertained by
the people of Nelson and Ainsworth towards
Napoleon Fitzstubbs is against that gentleman's
name���and this they deem rather meagre basis
for an indignation meeting as he, possibly, was
not consulted in the matter.
It is surprising how little support is being received by those who are interesting themselves
in the matter of promoting Dominion Day and
Fourth  of July celelebrations  at   Nelson  and
Aineworth ;  especially in view of what benefits
to the .whole Kootenay Uake district would assuredly    follow    well-advertised    and    well-attended festivities.     Natal  day celebrations result in good to every other place in which they
are held, and there is no good reason why they
should  not  do  the same  to  Nelson and Ainsworth.    Citizens should bear in mind when considering the subscribing  question  that,   while
the immediate direct return may not be noticeable, the  benefit  which  they derive indirectly
would surprise  them  if they  could  only keep
track  of it.     For every   dollar   a community
spends in advertising enterprises of that kind,
it is pretty  nearly  certain  to get  ten dollars
back.    It is like casting bread on the waters���it
may take a long  time to float back again ; but
it always does come back, and " buttered, too,
for certain." ____
The San Francisco Argonaut, in commenting
on the press of that city, attributes to it the fact
that in general development the public of San
Francisco is less advanced than one has reason
to expect when noting its many exceptional advantages.    "While the press of that city should,
feel flattered at  having so much influence assigned to it, it can hardly be said that the praise
is  altogether  unalloyed.    The  Argonaut says :
" Had the press of this place fallen  under the
" control of enlightened men, the public would
" have been educated long ago in regard to the
" wants of a great community;  but, unfortun-
" ately for this place, the daily press, which has
"had most to do in shaping public thought in
" San  Francisco,  has  been, and still is, in the
"hands of a few narrow-minded, eccentric, and
"selfish cranks who are incapable of feeling or
" uttering a generous sentiment.   The men who
" have done most for the dignity, honor, and
"advancement   of    this   commonwealth   have
" been  hounded  and abused by these  individ-
" uals from the first,   while  others, who were
" made of the commonest clay and possessed of
" the most mediocre attainments, were uplifted
" and made to appear respectable in the public
"estimation, simply because they have abased
" themselves   to   these   so-called    journalists."
The fact is that the newspapers of San Francisco are  remarkably  like  the  newspapers   of
many other places ; they are run not so much
for the enlightenment and education of the public as regards the wants of a great community
as for the accumulation of hard cash.    A newspaper is, in nine cases out of ten, a fac-simile of
the community it represents.    If a community
is composed of public-spirited, enterprising, and
independent men, it will support a newspaper
of the  same  type ;  if the newspaper is not of
that type, it may be taken for granted the people are not.    The root of the trouble lies with
the people of San Francisco, not with the newspapers. If they did hot want a selfish, corrupt,
and boodling press, they would not support it.
That would settle the matter.
"The question has frequently been asked since
"the death of the premier, and the consequent
" dissolution of the government, whether it will
" be necessary for the members of the succeed-
" ing government when   it  has   been   formed,
"to go  back  to their  constitueritcies  for  re-
"election?     The   point   is  settled   that   they
"will not.    David Mills, a recognized authority
"on the constitution, says the procedure is as
"follows:    The governor-general will call upon
"one of the members of the cabinet to form a
" new ministry, and when this is done, if part
"of the late ministry should be left out and new
"men be taken in their places, the  new men
" would  necessarily require to go back for re-
" election as their seats wTould become vacant
" upon  their appointment to the ministry, but
" the members of the late ministry will not re-
" quire  to   do  so.    In   this  opinion   both  mr.
"Bourinot, clerk of the house of commons, and
" Edward Blake, concur.    The latter, however,
" remarks that if one of the members of the late
" ministry should be raised to the premiership,
" which is most probable, it would be a question
" whether he would not require to seek re-elec-
"tion  on   account   of   the  increase  of   salarv
"which the change would involve.    Mr. Blake
" seems to think he would."
There is nothing of such vital importance to
a mining camp as the question of security of
title  to   claims���the immunity a  claim-owner
has from the possibility of vexatious procedure
and costly litigation.    This being the case, it is
to the interest  of all  who have  anything at
stake in the Kootenay Lake country to emphatically discountenance the attempts that are being made from  time to time in the camps here
by men with no valid claim whatever to obtain
possession of valuable claims on the ground of
some trifling disregard  of a legal technicality
on the part of the lawful owners.    Of course,
the law  should  always  be   literally   complied
with;   but, in  the  case  of any infraction, the
law should always be interpreted as to its spirit,
and the intent of the claim-owner should always
betaken into account in settling jumping suits.
It is unfair to demand   of the   average   prospector that he should be a legal expert; for it is
all some of the poor devils can do to write their
own names.    As long as the location is made in
good faith and the intent of the  law has been
carried out as well as the original locator knew
how, the arbitrators will act  wisely and fairly
by using discretion in cases of this nature.    The
indiscriminate jumping of claims should be discouraged by every bona fide claim-owner in the
district, for capitalists will not invest in a mining district that does not guarantee the utmost
security to the title of the property in  which
they wish to make an investment.
In response to the requests of some of Victoria's influential men, who, seeing the probability of their pockets being affected, were protesting against the mooted Behring Sea settlement,
the premier forwarded to Ottawa a telegram explaining the position of the sealers, and emphasizing that if the measure then before the imperial house of commons became law, it woul prove
ruinous to all engaged in the sealing industry in
this province. The question might fitly be asked
why mr. Robson rs bothering himself about the
interests of men who, it is beginning to appear
probable, have been little better than poachers.
1 for? "^m
i.Sr S^HkH
"i-vivv .���:������ -11�� -���.��� .'.'-^v-.a1 TIE  MINEB:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  JUNE  13,   1891.
Dealers in Dry G-oods, (jroceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.
The stock is fuU and comnlete in ever^
and compare Prices.
9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.
The cause celebre which has dragged the heir
apparent to the English throne into the laws
courts and which is now being tried in London
is attracting considerable attention all over the
civilized world; not only on account of the eminence of the personages figuring in the case, but
also as showing the steady advance of radical
tendencies in a nation that would at one time
have shuddered at the idea of having its future
sovereign hackled in a court of law by plebeian
attorneys. It affords, further, an interesting
picture to the world at large of how some of
England's aristocracy is wont to spend its time.
The action is''Specifically .that of sir William
��� Gordon-Cummings'against: mr. and mrs. Lycett
Green, mr. and mrs. Arthur Wilson, and Berkeley Lovett for slander. It appears that during
September last the parties to this suit, together
with the prince of Wales and a few friends were
engaged in gambling at the house of mr. and
mrs. Wilson, Tranbycroft, Doncaster, and that
the defendants in the case had accused Gordon-
Cummings  with   cheating at
cards���the game
being baccarat. The first night of the game he
was suspected of foul play and on the second he
was watched and, it is asserted, caught in the
act of cheating bv means of a small mirror which
enabled him to see the other hands. Endeavors
were made to hush the affair up, by the accuser's
promising secrecy, on the plaintiff signing a deed
forswearing cards���though protesting his innocence. The secrecy, however was violated and
an action for libel is the result; a result which
reveals the prince of Wales running the "bank"
in a gambling game that evidently does not call
into use as much intelligence as the ordinary
pitch and toss.
The case came up before lord Coleridge on the
first, sir Edward Clarke' being chief consul for
the plaintiff and sir Charles Russell for,the
defendants. Sir Edward Clarke, in opening,
���said the charge covered by libel was one which
involved the honor- of his client and affected his
whole future career,'' which had hitherto been
one of repute. His client was a gentleman who
has served his country with distinction for a
period extending over twenty-three years. He
was a soldier who had reached the rank of lieutenant-colonel in one of Great Britain's most
famous corps, the Scots Guards, and he was an
officer who had won his medals for bravery at
Tel-el-Keber. He was a man, too, of independent
wealth, who feu- twenty years had been re.cciwd
and. honored in the best society, and who was
an intimate friend of the prince of Wales, and
whose guest he had several times been at'Sand--
ringham. This, continued the attorney-general,
is the man that stands before the public charged
with cheating at cards and so cheating with (he
object of defrauding some of his-most intimate
friends. He said it would be his duty to put the
prince of Wales and general Owen Williams in
the witness box, as their testimony would satisfy
the jury that they saw nothing wrong on the
part of Cumin ings.
The prince of Wales was then sworn in, kissing the bible heartily and gave evidence to the
effect that he believed Gordon-Cummings guilty;
that there had been $2500 in the "bank" at one
time; and that he carried his own chips about
with him when he went visiting.
The  case for the  defence   having closed, sir
Charles Russell began his address to the jury.
It was a bitter and biting denunciation of the
plaintiff.    He referred with contempt to his entreaty to his accusers to say they were mistaken, and scored him unmercifully for his failure to demand that he be placed face to face
with his accusers.   He pointed but that Gordon-
Cummings's  cool and unruffled   demeanor   in
court refuted his own evidence that he lost his
head at Tranbycroft when  the charge of cheating was brought against him.    He drew a startling picture of sir William  sitting among his
friends, conversing and cheating, stealthily adding  counter  to  counter and.  reaping the   ill-
gotten gains.    His action was baser than that of
burglars, for he entered  and  robbed the house
of his friends.    Sir Charles wTas never more spirited and striking, and held the court spell-bound
by   his eloquence.    He spoke  for 2 hours.    He
concluded in a most solemn and impressive manner by saying the conduct, of the plaintiff was
that of a man content to be steeped in dishonor
provided it was unknown.    With an apologetic
gesture  towards  the prince   of  Wales, he  declared that no honorable man would sign such a
paper as did the plaintiff to please 50 princes.
A summarv of the evidence in the baccarat
case is telegraphed to the queen at; Balmoral
each day in accordance with her orders. The
queen is said to be more deeply affected by this
affair than by any event since the death of
prince Leopold, and a leading Liberal connected
with the trial yesterday expressed the apprehension that it might have an influence on her
health, especially in the event of any incident
reflecting on the prince.
The case is still pending.
Baccarat is simply a gambling game. It is
a French game, and has become fashionable,
taking the place of Lansquinet and Vingt-et-un.
It requires no skill to play it. What makes it
exciting is the betting. Whether you win or
lose depends on the pips on the cards dealt out
to you. From Hoyle's description, there appears to be very little fun in baccarat, and it requires no exercise of brain to play it. If the
dealer gives you the right cards you win, and if
he does not you lose. That is all there is to it.
Nothing that the player can do, except, perhaps, turn his chair, can possibly have any effect
upon his chance of winning. As a matter of
fact, there is no play in it ; it is simply a device
to get hold of each other's money.
Barrister  at  Law,   Solicitor,   Notary  Public,  Etc
Office, Victoria street, Kamloops, B. C.
No. 15 Baker Street,
when they are looking for fun.    The best of wines,
liquors, and cigars always on hand.
Will contract to supply mining companies and steamboats
with fresh meats, and deliver same at,any mine or
landing in the Kootenay Lake country.
where saddle and pack animals can always be hired, and
teams obtained for job teaming.
with  merchants for hauling freight to or from railroad
depot and steamboat wharf.
Ward Street,   rear  Government  Building:,
Will undertake any work or contract in  which pack animals or teams can be used.    Will furnish
to parties who wish to examine mines and claims
in Toad Mountain district..
and baggage to and from hotels; also, freight
to and from steamboat wharves and
railway depots.
^���*^F?flWS*^ THE  MINER;    NELSON,  B.  0.,  SATUKDAY,  JUNE  13,   1891.
in buildings when first-class
arc for sale in any quantity by the
Yard:   At cud of Flume in Nelson.
Mill:  Two Miles South of Nelson.
Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL
OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and
dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above
material from us will have the same
delivered   promptly   in   any
part-of Nelson.
cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold
at low prices.
The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is
always ready for business. Lumber���good, bad, and indifferent - on
hand or made to order.
Nelson, January loth.
. bkesseb.'
No. 1 flooring, i inch, per M     . $32 00
No. 2         "        0 inch,     "  27 00
No. 1 ceiling, i inch,       "  32 00
No. 2        "       6 inch,       "  27 00
Rustic,                                 "  27 00
Select clear, DP,        ,    "  40 00
No. 1 common, D,            "     25 00
DD,          "  27 00
Bar and counter tops, clear, per foot  10
No. 1 common, per M   S20 00
No. 2        " ^-        "         .  15 00
Culls,                      "     ...; ..-  12 00
Shingles,               "���         4 50
Bead, panel, crown, base, etc., etc., per foot 2i-@10c
Mills at Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake.
Geo. G-. Bushby,   .   .   .   Manager
There is a possibility of another hitch in the
Behring   sea   controvers'y   before    the   matter
reaches the stage of arbitration, and there may
be some difficulty yet  in the way of agreement
for'the closed season. It is understood that the
British government will insist that the United
States be pledged to pay British subjects for all
��� losses sustained through the deprivation-' of sealing privileges during the closed season, if the
contentions of the United States are not sustained by the arbitration ; and, on the other
hand, the British government will agree to pay
damages to the American- company in case a
different decision is reached. The president can
give no such pledge for the payment of damages. That matter congress alone can deal
with. Congress not being in session, this question complicates the situation, and it doubtful
how the matter will be settled. TheText of the
bill passed by the imperial house of commons is
in substance as follows:
The queen may, by order in council, prohibit
the catching of seals by British ships during a
period  to   be  limited  by an  order  in  council.
While the order in council under this act is in
force no person belonging to a British;ship shall
kill, take, or hunt, or attempt to kill, take, or
hunt, any seal within Behring  sea during the
period stated in  the order in council.    No British ship, or any equipment or crew thereof, shall
be employed in such taking, killing, or hunting.
If there be any contravention of this act, any
person committing, procuring, aiding, or abetting such  contravention shair be guilty of i:nis-
demeanor within the meaning of the Merchant
Shipping Act,   and   the  ship,   equipment,   and
everything on  board shall   be  forfeited to her
majesty.      Any  commissioned   officer   on   the
naval  list shall have power during the period
limited to stop and examine any British ship in
Behring sea, and to detain her or any portion of
her equipment or any of the crew, if in his judgment it is being or preparing to be used oremploy-
ed in contravention of this act. If a British ship is
found within Behring sea, having on board fishing  or shooting implements,   or  seal  skins, or
bodies of seals,  it  shall lie with  the owner or
master of such ship  to prove the ship was not
used or employed in contravention of this act.
This act shall apply to the animal known as the
fur seal.    In   order  that  the< above   provisions
may be carried into effect, it shall be lawful for
any commissioned officers in the naval or military service of her maiestv, or anv British officer
of customs, or British consular officer, to seize
and detain any ship, which-had. wholly or has to
any share herein become subject to forfeiture as
aforesaid, and bring her to adjudication before
the high court of admiralty in England or Ireland, or before any court having admiralty jurisdiction within her majesty's dominions;   and
such court may thereupon make such order as it
may think fit, and award to the officer bringing
in the .-same for adjudication such portion of the
proceeds of sale of any forfeited ship or share as
it may think fit.
Every offense by this act declared to be a misdemeanor will he punishable by fine or by imprisonment, with or without labor. The duration of the time to be stipulated by an order in
council will probably extend until May, 1892.
The Origin  of ftaiive Gold.
The question of the origin of native gold  has
been debated upon by scientists, and is most likely
to remain a disputed question for many years to
come. Professor T. G. Newberry contests the
theory that, grains and nuggets found in placers
are formed by precipitation from- chemical solution. He holds that geology teaches in regard
to the creation and distribution of this precious
metal that it exists in the oldest known rocks
and has thence been distributed throughout all
the strata derived from them; that in the metamorphosis of these derived rocks it has been
concentrated into segregated quartz veins by
some process not yet understood; that if is a
constituent of fLssure veins of all geological ages,
where it has been deposited from hot chemical
solutions which have reached deeply buried
rocks of various kinds; and that, gold has been
accumulated through mechanical agents in
placer deposits by the erosion of strata containing gold-bearing veins.
Canadian Pacific Railway
%'.1        J /* I *&������"V
Through, Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.
To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates
I&ootenay JLalie Shippers will be consulting   their 'own   interests
by shipping by the
The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation CompanyV
leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE  every Tues
day and Friday, making connection with trains for
< lo:E3:iO^_G-CX
Por rates, maps,. time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,  apply to any
agent of the company.
Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr't& Pas'r Ag't.
Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B. C.
will leave REVELSTOKE every Monday and Thursday
at 4 A. M. for Robson and Little Dalles, connecting
at Robson with the Columbia & Kootenay R. R.,
and at Little Dalles with the Spokane
& Northern R. R.
Returning, will leave LITTLE DALLES every Tuesday
and Friday at 9,A. M., arriving at Robson between
3 and 5 P; M.,and remaining from 15 to 30
minutes, then proceeding to Revelstoke.
F. G. 'CHRISTIE, Agent,
. UEVKI.STOKE:, B. ���.
And   Others  Whom   if.   May Concern   and   Interest-.
During my trip to the east last winter, I made arrangements with manufacturing firms and others for the establishment of a WHOLESALE BtlSaftESS in this district.
A consignment of samples���about To or 20 cases���will be
hers about the end of May ; and merchants are requested
for the general prood of themselves and the district to defer
placing any further orders till they have seen my samples
and obtained quotations.
���. W. BUSK, Bnlfogir, IS.. C. . ���
Boats to hire by the hour or day at reasonable rates.
Boats built and repaired.
TB6A1L,   B. ���.
TOPPING & HANNA. ...'..��� Proprietors
Wood Table ;  Uood Bods ;   Hyas-���losc Liquors.
BALFOUR,   15. ���.
IBO-A-T   IB TX IE 3L. ID SIR, 3 _
Hold your orders for Peterborough canoes until you see
specimens of our work and obtain our prices.
��s.>-.v :*t
' i��. Ji, M (5.
THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0M   SATUEDAY,   JUNE  13,  1891.
Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.
H.   &   T.   MADDEN
The Madden is Centrally Located,
with a frontage towards Kootenay river, arid is newly
furnished throughout.
Is supplied with everything in the market, the Jdtchen
being under the immediate supervision of Hugh
Madden, a caterer of large experience.
brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.
Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.
The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for
ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished
newly throughout.
by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.
A share of transient trade solicited.
FLINT & GALLOP, Proprietors.
The BALFOUR commands a fine view of the Outlet and
Lake, and will be kept second to no hotel in
Hot Springs district.
Balfour is easily accessible to the mines in Hot Springs
district, and is in the center of a large area of mineral country not yet prospected.   It is also
within easy distance of the Kootenay
Lake and Pilot Bay sawmills.
The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Creek
mining district, its proprietorbeing a caterer of experience.
The table will always be supplied with the best of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with choice liquors
and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure rye
whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.
Sunday's papers announce the fact that sir
John A. Macdonald is no more; he died oh Saturday night a little after 10 o'clock. Sir John
Thompson is spoken of as the next premier.
Sir John A. Macdonald was born in Souther-',
landshire, Scotland, January 11, 1815. He was
brought to Canada in 1820, when his father,
Hugh Macdonald, settled at Kingston, Ontario.
He was educated at Kingston, and when sixteen
years old he began to study law. He was admitted to the bar in 1835, and in 1836 became
counsel and achieved distinction by his defense
of Von Schultz, who made a raid into Canada
in 1836.
Macdonald entered public life in 1844,' as the
representative of the city of Kingston in   the
house of assembly and continued to sit for his
constituency until  the union of 1867, when he
was elected to the house of commons of Canada
by the same electorate until 1878, when he was
defeated.      Several   other   constituencies   then
elected him and he sat for Lennox county.    In
May, 1847, he was first appointed to office,  becoming receiver-general and subsequently commissioner of  crown  lands;    Early in  1848  the
government was  defeated, and Macdonald remained in opposition until 1854.    In September,
1854, the government was defeated on the question of secularization of the clergy reserves, and
Macdonald entered the coalition cabinet, which
was   formed,   becoming attorney-general,   and
under his advice the clergy reserves were secu-'
larized on what was considered a fair basis.    In
1856, on the death of sir Allen McNabb,  Macdonald became the leader of the Conservatives,
which position he has held ever since, exercising
great  influence  on Canadian history,    In.1858
the  Macdonald ministry  was  defeated on  the
question of the location of the seat of government, but the new ministry was defeated on the
first day the house assembledj and Macdonald
again resumed power, retaining his position until 1862, when he was defeated on  the militia,
bill.    He remained in opposition for two years,
when he was again called to form a cabinet.    In
1864 Macdonald and his associates succeeded in
convincing the people that a confederation of all
the British North American provinces was desirable.    In   bringing about  the  confederation
Macdonald was an active factor, and it maybe
claimed that he was the creator of the Dominion
of   Canada.    The   new constitution  went   into
force July 1st, 1869.    Macdonald was sworn in as
a privy counsellor and and appointed minister
of justice and attorney-general.    In recognition
of  his services he was created a knight commander of the bath by queen Victoria, and in
1884 he received the grand cross of the same
order.    He remained prime minister until 1873,
w.hen he was defeated on what was known as
the Canadian Pacific scandal.    He remained in
opposition until 1878, when his party was successful in the tariff issue, and he resumed office
pledged  to protection.    In   1882, and  again  in
1887, he carried the country.    His success at the
recent Dominion elections is known.
Sir John was one of the Alabama claims commissioners, and for his success on that commission was made a privy councillor of Great
Britain. He married twice. His first wife,
Isabella, daughter of Alexander Clark of Dalna-
vert, Scotland, died in 1856. His second wife
was Susan Agnes, daughter of T. J. Bernard, a
member of the privy council of the Island of
Booms and Sleeping Accommodations for 30 People
���>���'-< ���������'���    SURPASSED':
Vernon,Street, near Josephine,
r NELSON, K.'C.   '
its guests thus obtaining splendid views \
of both mountain and river.
are comfortable in sfee and       is  acknowledged   the best
newly furnished. in the mountains.
raze :e_^:R
is stocked with  the best liquors and cigars procurable.
No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'
celebrated brands.
"The   Finest Hotel in  Toad   Mountain  District."
Corner West Baker and Ward Streets,
The Silver King is a new building and furnished with new
furniture from kitchen to attic.   The table will not
be equalled by any hotel in Nelson.
~%�� VW^zF^H'^^
' ,ri. r .'.���**���- v :m.si. ���*.\C\v. <."ji-fc.-'-.i i.:j^��.sj:_t. 8
THE  MINEE:    IJELSO^  B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  JUNE  13,   1891.
sale Grocer and Liquor Dealer,
Furnishings and Sporting Goods.
ain Street, Revelstoke, B.C.
SMALL    NfiJ����ETS   OF.  NEWS.
Thomas Bra'tty, who stabbed Gorman here a
year ago, has been sentenced, to an additional
3 years imprisonment for assaulting his guard.
The Columbia & Kootenay jerkwater branch
handled over 350 tons of freight last month.
Not bad, for the first month's operations of a
"blankety blanked gamble."
The owners of the Hall mines have issued
strict orders that no visitors are to be allowed
On that property at present. The reason given
is that the number of sightseers daily was so
large as to interfere with the working of the
R. Jv Mo watt & Co. have bought out R. J.
Hilts & Co. and will carry on a general carpenter business.
A petition for the establishment of a public
school at Nelson, has been circulated by the rev.
R. A. Rodgers, and forwarded to Victoria.
Real Estate.: George C. Tunstall, junior, sold
Oscar Soclerberg lot 5 in block 2, a 50-foot, for
$1500 cash ; Oscar Soderberg sold messrs. Lane
& McLean lot 13 in block 5, a building condition,
for $250.
The new boat at Bonner's Ferry is being fitted
with engines now and is to be running within 2
weeks. She is 103 feet in length, 24 foot beam,
and has a capacity of 110 tons. Before the
machinery was put in, her draught was only 11
The new Mara boat, at McOammon's canip, is
to be launched on Monday afternoon at 3
o'clock, and will be christened the Nelson by mrs.
M. S. Davys.
Freight shipped through from Victoria by the
C. & lv. need not in future be prepaid.
The; Nelson brass band will be an ornament to
the town some clay, if the instruments only
hold together long enough.
Nelson Wants: A money-order office, a bath
house, and���a talk with J. M. Kellie on the citizens' wharf question.
It is rumored that Nelson is to have a branch
of the Vancouver Investment, Trust & Loan
Company. We do not know how it will be with
the trust and investment part, but we a prophesy a great rush of business for the loan department.
Operations on the Tatlow-McGillivary hotel
will be commenced as soon as Dan McGillivary
arrives from the coast. Part of the lumber' has
been ordered.
Those who took stock in the Nelson Smelting
& Mining Company, Limited, are requested to
tender their receipts to Harold Selous, who will
refund the amounts subscribed.
Hunt & Dover have a great display of jewelry
and silveware in their new store on Josephine
Personals: Joshua Davies and R. G. Tatlow,
accompanied by messrs. Fell, Hutchison, Mc-
Tavish, Dick, Holt', and Thynne, were among
the capitalists who arrived at Nelson this week.
John McLeod was over from Sproat and raised
real estate another notch by talking of the future
dividends of the C. & K.    H. T. Ceperly of Van
couver visited the Hall mines this week, and
says J. C. McLagan does not know as much as
lie thinks he does.
A report bas arrived from Victoria tcfthe effect that the Canadian Pacific intend selling
a few blocks of Nelson property at public auction some time this fall.
carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade
furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in
price from $6.50 to $500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses
made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool
mattresses in stock. .Mail orders from Kootenay
Lake points will receive early and careful attention.
Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.
E. J. M0WAT & 00.
(Successors to R. J. Hilts & Co.)
Store and Office Fittings a Specialty.
Will contract to erect all kinds of buildings and guarantee
satisfaction.   Shop: corner Josephine and Bluff sts.
Plasters and Brickmasons
Will Gontract for all Kinds of Work.
Materials furnished and  estimates  given' on application
Address all communications to Nelson, J5. C.
The payments on account of purchase money that have
been made for those unimproved lots upon which the iinal
navments now overdue have not been paid by luesday,
Tune 23rd will be forfeited and I shall resume possession
and resell'the same. In fact you must either pay or clear;
you have paid your -eya^n^t^ur^e.
Balfour, June 10th, 1890.
For the present, John Houston will occupy No. 5 Houston & Ink block, Josephine street, and will do a general
real estate and mine brokerage business.
Nelson, B. C, June 12th, 1891.
still has a few more cases of CONDENSED MILK for sale.
C. Hamber,
Notary Public,
A. G. Thynne,
C. G. Henshaw,
Real Estate, Mining Brokers,
Insurance Agents.
We are now offering some of the best residential lots in
the southern addition to the townsite from $135 up. Good
terms. No Building Conditions. These lots are good
value. Good business lots in all parts of the townsite at
reasonable figures. Now is the time to buy. Call and see
our list.
Mining claims and mining interests handled advantageously on small margin. Quotations given on all classes of
mining machinery.
Citizens of Canada, fire and accident; Equitable of New
York, life,   dood Companies; Good Kates.
Vancouver Office, 346 Water Street.
a*ostoflice Store,  Nelson, B. C.
Toilet Articles and Stationery.
\ ���     ��� :


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