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The Miner Jul 26, 1890

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Array ..... ��������� "> " :''     ,-*:;��������� '���������/:     :.���������������������������- ,    < .     ./   ���������  y  Z&5  Only Paper  Printed  in 41m*  Kooteiiay take Mining IMstricts.  For Rates  of Snhsoription and  Advertising.-.  See Fourth Pagev  NUMBER 6.  NELSON,  BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,  JULY   26,  1890.  $4 A YEAR.  FOUR   CLAIMS    SOJLO    FOR    SPOT   CASH.  Last week-a mining'deal was made that will  result in much good to the Kootenay Lake country��������� the Hot Springs camp in particular. It  was a deal that means mine development fpr  ore, and not for. a. speculative resale.    The buys-  ers, mr. Boyle and dr. Campbell, made the purchases for the syndicate who built and own the  smelter at Revelstoke. The property purchased  was the whole of the No. 1, the whole of the  United, two-thirds of the Great Eastern, and  one-half of the Jesse R.  The No. 1 is about 3������ miles west of Ainsworth,  and is the property opened up by G. B. Wright,  he having bonded it in 1888. For some reason  the bond was allowed to lapse, but not until  $25,000 worth of ore was. shipped from the mine  ���������although fully that niuch money had been expended in development,work. A tunnel nearly  400 feet in length was run, which should have  tapped the ledge at a depth of 150 feet. ������������������'<An incline shaft, all the way in ore, is down 175 feet,  and another, not in ore, is down about 100 feet.  Three or 4 shafts", from 40 to (10 feet in depth,  and all in ore, were also sunk. On the property  are all the buildings necessary for its develop-  in en t���������good buildings a r that. Af t er. the lapse  of the bond���������about a year ago���������the original  owners, N. Vemoweble and John Duncan, resumed operations and shipped some $2000 worth  of ore. There is now on the dump fully 40 tons  of ore that will run over $100 to the ton, and between 500 and 600 tons that will go from $40 to  $60 a ton. The purchasers paid $15,000 spot  cash for the property.  The United is located a short distance south  of the Krao, and is an immense showing for a  mine, although but little work-has4>een-don eon  it. Soon after it was discovered its owners  were offered $5000 spot cash for it; but the  offer was promptly refused. Since then the  ledge has been uncovered for a distance of 75  feet, showing a vein of almost solid galena about  8 feet in width. The price paid is said to be  $7500 cash. The owners at the time of the sale  were Hugh and Tom MeGovern, owning a quarter each, and James B. Dolan, owning a half.  The Jesse R and Great Eastern are claims near  the No. 1, one of them being an extension. Vel-  noweble ,& Duncan owned two-thirds of the Great  Eastern, Edward Bray owns the other third;  the former also owned half the Jesse R, the  other half being owned by J. C. Rykert. $1000  in cash was paid for the Velnoweble & Duncan  interests.  Work will be commenced at once on the No.  1, under the superintendence of John Thompson.  The first work will be to run an upraise from  the tunnel to connect with the incline, to drain  the latter, it being full of water. It is said to be  the purpose of the smelting company to take  out 2000 tons of ore this fall for shipment to  Revelstoke; but the shipment will depend on the  early completion of the railroad from Nelson to  Sproat.  Dr. Campbell, the manager of the smelter,  speaks highly of the camp, saying that he never,  in all his experience, saw a better mineral showing. As an earnest of his faith in the country,  he will, it is said, put in a concentrator and  sampling works at or near Ainsworth.  Mr. Boyle, who is the president of the smelting company, left for England on Tuesday, going out by way of Bonner's Ferry to the  Northern Pacific. Dr. Campbell returned to  Revelstoke on Friday, expecting to catch the  Saturday boat at Sproat.  Fine  KniMing   Granite   near Nelson.  Mr. Van Home spent 3 days along the right-  of-way of the road now building between Nelson and Sproat, occupying most of the time In  ordering a thoroughly competent engineer to  make changes in grades and curves that will result in making the road one of the worst in Canada. He put in no time examining the natural  resources of the district; yet, on leaving, he said  it was "a gamble to build a railway in such a  country." The Miner believes mr. Van Home  is mistaken. Among the many natural resources of this country that will add traffic to  his road is building granite. F. H. McGaskill, a  thoroughly competent stone-cutter and quarry-  man of large experience in Scotland and America, states. that there is an almost unlimited  supply of first-class building granite along the  railway righ t-of - way between Nelson an d the  falls���������a distance of 4 rniles. The next time mr.  Van Home visits this section, his jerk-water  branch road will, perhaps, be earning expenses  from hauling this granite alone.  CONTRACTORS'   AtfO    MEtf.   OISSATISFIEO.  MIN'IXft    ,\'EWS    DONCEXTRATKO.  | J. H. Hope, who has been doing assessment  ; work on the Pacific, savs that the claim is look-  I ing well and that some rich galena ore has been  j 'struck. . ������  .;.  The Baracoda-and Birthday claims have been  ! bonded until January 1st to M. A. McDougal  j   for $1000.    They are located on 49 creek.  | E. Dempsie of Spokane Falls has put men to  | work on the Sunrise, a claim believed to be the  | first eastern  extension of Hall's Kootenay Bon-  ! anza.    IVlr. Dempsie will also have work done on  j the Sunset, if he does  not  dispose of it.    The  | Sunset is &a claim  parallel  with the  Iroquois,  j with a claim intervening.  i At Hendryx's Blue Bell work is still being  ! prosecuted on the tunnel. Drifts are also being  !   run, and preparations made for taking out ore.  At Wheeler's Krao the shaft is being enlarged  for the steam hoist that will be put in as soon as  the wagon road, now building from Ainsworth,  is completed.  Messrs. Brickell & Herb of Spokane Falls have  org^ Company  to  open up and work the Black Chief, Protection,  Eden, Crescent, Coronation, and Lakeview  claims, all located in Hot Springs district. Mr.  Herb Is now on the ground.  W. Sprague of Taeoma, who recently purchased an interest in the Daddy Gallagher, a  claim at Hot Springs, adjacent to Wheeler's  Gallagher group, has made a strike on it that  promises well, the ore being of good quality.  A Hot Springs claim that is attracting attention is Clark & Van Hook's Lady of the Lake.  They have tapped the ledge by a tunnel, and  the indications of a'mine were so good that  they .will continue on work that will fully cle-  veldp the property.  In making a rock cut On the railway grade,  about 10 miles west of Nelson, a 2-foot vein of  fine-looking ore was uncovered. It Is said to  carry a good percentage of copper, and to look  not unlike the ore from Toad mountain. The  ledge was located by W. H. Henderson.  The stoping of ore at the Skyline Is being continued. Men are also engaged in grading a site for  a working shaft. The point selected is about  200 feet west of the present incline shaft, and it  is expected the ledge will be tapped at a, depth  of about 350 feet. The Skyline is one of the  noted properties in the Hot Springs district. ;  Work. Recommenced on the Tonglmnt. !  Development work, under the foremanship of   j  A. Dodds, was begun this week on the Tough-   j  nut.    For the present, the work will be confined ;  to  sinking the  shaft,   now  down  37 feet and j  partly  filled  with  surface,  water.     Machinery j  will be required before much headway could be j  made in the tunnel, and machinery cannot be j  brought in until a road is built from Nelson up j  Sandy creek. James E. Dola.n, one of the own- I  ers, was on the ground this week.  Quick Work.  The machinery for the Davys & Tolson sawmill was at the steamboat landing last Sunday  morning. Next Tuesday the mill will be cutting  lumber. Pretty quick work, as every pound of  the plant had to be packed on mules from the  landing to the mill-site.  Conflicting  reports  come   from   the   railroad  camps  between  Nelson and Sproat.    The contractors say every thing is going on swimmingly,  and that they will  be finished up oh time; outsiders say the men  are dissatisfied at the low  wages paid, and that they .are leaving in large  numbers daily.     One report is that Whitehead,  McLean & McKav have lost all their white men.  anuiiow^have no laborers on the work except  Italians   and   Chinese:    Even   if the worst of  these reports  are true, the railroad  company  will  still be  the  gain ers, for  they collect  fare  from   every laborer brought on the work, and  the   more   men   leaving   the   more   fares   collected,   and   the   larger   the   earnings   of   the  company;       If    reports   heard   at   Nelson   are  but half true, the railroad company should be  indicted  for swindling   and obtaining -money."  under false pretences.    A case in point:    Seventy-five cents a month  is  deducted from the  pay of every, man on the work for hospital fees.  This amount is not, as many of the men believe,  deducted by the contractors, but by the railroad  company.    The company hires a doctor, paying  him about $100 a month, a,nd until recently has  furnished him with no  medicines.    For a time  the men were so enraged at the treatment that  they  threatened to ill-use the doctor on sight,  and  he  was  afraid  to-go ��������� among them   when  called on.    In this way they collect $600 or $7(X)  a month and pay outless than $200. Another case:'.'  The fares of the men from the point at which  they start are deducted from their first earn ings  and hot only the fare in, but the company has  the gall to deduct the steamboat fare back to  Revelstoke.     Of course, the officials of the company know full well that the men, being ignorant of the true facts, will  vent their feelings on  the  contractors, and  not on   thera.     The  contractors are in a, bad box.    They-must employ  the  men   furnished by   the   railroad  company,  and    the    railroad     company  . requires     that  all  the  pay-rolls  of   the  contractors   shall   be  forwarded   to   it   for  approval   and   payment.  .If a.man's name is on the pay-roll, that is considered    sufficient    evidence    to    warrant   deducting his transportation charges in, no matter  whether he came, over the C. P. R. pr not.  If the  contractors fall behind in their work, the company will, with the aid of Chinese, complete it  for them; the contractor being cinched on their  bond for not carrying out the contract to the  letter.  The road when completed will be one of the  worst constructed in Canada, and if the Dominion government should inspect it, pointers  might be obtained to use in the arbitration suit  now pending between it and the Canadian Pacific Railwav Companv.  About 2 miles of steel are laid east from  Sproat.  Proving its  Worth  hy" its  Work.  There may be   mines ill the Kootenay Lake  country  more   valuable   than  the  Poorman,   6  miles southwest of Nelson, but certainly there  are none proving it by actual work. Since  starting up on the 7th of June last, the 10  stamps of the mill have been dropping, crushing  10 to 15 tons of ore daily. This week work was  commenced on a. ditch to bring an additional  supply of water to the mill. The water will be  taken from Sandy creek, at a point about 3k  miles from the mill. Some 20 odd men are employed in the mine and mill.  Said  to  he  a.   Big Thing.  A mile and a half south of the Skyline, in the  Hot Springs district, and believed to be on the  same ledge, is the Fourth. The location was  made by Earnest & Watson on the 4th of July  this year. The ledge is reported to be 12 feet  wide and mineralized throughout, the ore being  carbonates and galena. The result of 2 assays  was $78 and $392.50 a ton. The owners think  they have a good showing for a valuable  property.  !?3  KS%  ;i 'X (  J  n  it I  THE  MINEfi:  UELSOK,   B. C,   SATUBJDAY,  JULy 26,  1890.  r  Dealers in Dry G-oods; G-roceries, Provisions, ������������������'panned a Specialty.  i  r  1:i  SH-  i  HVlv  m  III  ���������yri  The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods  and compare Prices.  Main Street, KEYELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  AMGNDIIIEOTS' =���������TO   THE   MIWER.U   ACT.  [All matter printed under this head is communicated by men known to be  interested in the mining- industry, either as prospectors, miners, or mine owners.  Its publication in THE MINER does not necessarily make the views expressed  those of THE MINER]. .. ,"'   Last  autumn   the  writer   in  a conversation  with the attorney-general mentioned to him the  great difficulty which miners had in inteipeting  the mineral law of the province, both on account  of the ambiguity of many of its  clauses, and  more especially because there were flat contradictions in its various portions. Mr. Davie then  expressed an intention of calling a commission,  to be composed partly of miners, one or two  legal gentlemen, and one or two business men,  to meet before the last legislature was called, to  revise thoroughly the Mineral Acts. He agreed  with the writer in the opinion that the acts  respecting placer claims and-mineral claims  should be separated from each other and form  two distinct enactments. From causes which  are unknown to me this commission was never  called.  During the early winter some other gentlemen and myself, all well acquainted with the  practical working of the mining laws in this  province, and some of us being thoroughly conversant with the American mining laws, after  which the British Columbia statues are patterned, spent a good deal of time in revising the  present code���������separating the mineral from the  placer clauses���������and harmonizing the numerous  contradictions which at present exist. We also  added a few clauses upon subjects which have  hitherto not been legislated upon, but are necessary for the successful prosecution of mining  upon an extended scale; notably the power to  obtain mill-sites, for which no provision had  hitherto been made. Necessarily we left untouched points which involve strictly legal  questions, considering such to be within the  province of lawyers; and we purposely, also, left  untouched everything relating to placers, considering that the Cariboo members could appropriately claim this branch as their own. The  result of our labors we forwarded to the attorney-general's department, and received a reply  that it had been placed before the mining committee.  Two of the changes which we suggested  seem to have been adopted by the committee,  although in a form considerably different from  that given by us, viz., the creation of mining  divisions in various districts and confining all  registration within its limits to each of such  mining districts; and the section regarding mill  sites. No apparent attention was paid to any  of the others.  Now, it is a well-known fact that the laws regarding mineral claims are but slightly known  even to the legal profession in this province.  Nearly all their practice hitherto has been upon  questions arising in respect to the placer code.  Even in the Cariboo district the intricate questions that are likely to arise daily in a quartz-  mining camp have never yet come up, and the  members of the mining committee from that  district, who are perfectly posted in placer disputes, are quite ignorant in mineral ones. It  is, therefore, no wonder that each succeeding  vear's legislation, piling amendment on amend  ment, repeating whole sections of the greatest  importance, and introducing new terms with a  view to correct a single point, regardless of the  general effect upon the other sections, has finally produced a Mineral Act, apparently to an  observer who has not been familiar with its  first changes, stupid, contradictory; and in many  cases unjust and impossible of construction.  As your paper is the mouthpiece of this, the  most important mineral district in the province,  it is most fitting that you should take the lead  in the work of reform. And -with a view of  having something tangible for the next legislative council to act upon, if you desire it, I should  like to furnish from time to time some of the  changes which I think would be beneficial to  our present law.  Ainsworth, July 11th, 1890.  Held up by a  Bold Highwayman.  All the machinery of the law has been set in  motion in the endeavor to capture the lone robber wrho stopped and plundered the Cariboo  stage at the 97-mile post on the afternoon of the  14th.    A reward of $2,000 has been  offered by  the provincial government, who hope either by  the diligence of the officers or the cash consideration to secure the highwayman. The actual  amount contained in the safe was $4122. He  might just as well have had $2000 more, for he  refused that amount contained in the way bag,  which the driver offered instead of the safe.  Evidently he thought the offer was a bluff, for  the safe, and the safe alone would satisfy him.  The loss will fall upon the Guarantee Company  of Montreal. Parker, an old and proven employee of the company, was driving, and the  stage contained a solitary passenger���������a Minneapolis fur buyer named Baldwin. The road at  the point where the attack was made runs along  the hillside, and it was on the upper side of the  road that the robber appeared. He wore a  black mask, and when first seen, was crouching  or kneeling apparently half concealed by a big  stump and the thick brush around him. He  spoke in a hoarse voice with a slight Scotch accent, and appeared to be talking (whether it  was only a trick or not) to hidden confederates  in the brush. Without moving from the ambush in which he lay he compelled the driver to  throw down the strong box and drive on. Parker is a man enjoying the fullest confidence of  the company, having proved his worth, and not  one who would allow his stage to be robbed if  he had the slightest chance to successfully resist. No matter how much courage a man has,  however, he could hardly be expected to resist  the argument contained in the shining barrel of  a Winchester.   A Smre ���������_re for Yootlaacne.  A Russian practitioner recommends the use  of hyoscyamus seeds for toothache.    His plan is  to burn the seeds, and to convey the smoke  through a little paper tube to the hole in the  tooth. He declares that in nearly all cases one  application, or at most two, will suffice to cure  the toothache. But it is just as practicable for  the boys to go to Spokane Falls to see a dentist  as it is to go to Chicago for "hyoscyamus seeds."  John Houston. Charles H. Ink.  W. Gesner Allan (a Notary Public).      V  Houston, Ink & Allan.  e  AND  CONVEYANCING  Will purchase and sell mining claims and town lots;  collect rents; write bills of sale, bonds, agreements, mortgages, deeds, certificates of incorporation; etc, etc.  Aid in procuring crown deeds for lands, Nelson town  lots, and mineral claims.  Office in The Miner building, Baker Street, Nelson.  E. S. T0PPI  DEALER IN  HAY  AND   GRAIN,  BUTTER  AND   EGGS,  FISHING    TACKLE.  Ward Street,  Nelson, B. ���������.  Horse-Shoeing a Specialty  Ail klnda of Jobbing and Repairing Executed  Neatly and Promptly.  Ward Street, opp. Government Office, Nelson.  ���������������VV THE" MISfEB:   KELSO?*,  B.   0.,  SATUBBAY,  JULY 26, 189a  .,.,..  Q'lJICKSDLYER   ������RES.  Tti  Several enquiries haying lately been made as  to the characteristics arid mode of occurrence of  mercury (or quicksilver) ores, a few words on  the subject may not be out of place.  Practically speaking, the only ore of mercury  obtained in any quantity is cinnabar, a compound of sulphur and quicksilver. This ore  generally occurs in shapeless masses possessing  a granular structure,-but it is also found in the  form of brilliant, cochineal-red, transparent  crystals. Cinnabar varies in color from bright-  red to brownish-black (lead-gray wheii tarnished), hut its streak���������obtained by scratching  or filing the mineral--is always scarlet. Finally  it may be scratched by a copper coin (hardness  ==2 to 2.5), and is heavier than galena (specific  gravity ��������� 8.2, or more than 8 times as heavy as  water).    When pure, the ore carries 86 per cent  of mercury and 14 per cent of sulphur.  A black ore of the same composition as cinnabar, but of lower density (same as galena), and  known as metacinnabai-, is found associated  with cinnabar in some, of the Californian and  Mexican mines.  The ores of mercury are very unequally distributed, occurring in quantity in a small number of localities; consequently the production of  the metal is confined to but a few mines. The  principal deposits are found at Almaden in  Spain, at Idria in Austria, at New Almaden in  California, and in the province' of Kwei-Chau,  China. Huanca-Valica, in Peru, was once a  large producer, but of late years it has yielded  no quicksilver. The Spanish mines at Almaden  ���������over 1000 feet in depth���������are sunk upon three  parallel beds of granular quartzite or sandstone  (fairly uniformly, charged with cinnabar), having Cambro-Silurian schists (a formation of  very great age) for hanging wall and a rock,  locally known as fraylesca, for foot wall. The  frayiesca is really a sandstone, which has become changed by contactwith the masses of  diorite (greenstone) which underlie it. The ore  averages from 7 to 10 per cent quicksilver.  At Idria the ore is (and has been since 1497),  obtained from similar schists of very great age  (Cambro-Silurian and Cambrian).  The cinnabar deposits of California were discovered between 1840 and 1845, and in the latter  year a company was formed to work What is  now known as the New Almaden mine, 2 to 3  miles up one of the side valleys of the San Jose.  The San Jose strata are composed of alternate  beds of clayey shale and layers of hard, flinty  rock. The cinnabar is found in intercalated  beds of different thicknesses, and the intervening grpund is traversed by stringers and  bunches of the ore. Numerous veins of limestone are also present, and the ore chambers are  frequently lined with the same material. At  the New Almaden mine, still the principal mine  in the district, the prevailing rock is a. greenish  talcose slaty rock, in which we rind a yellow-  ochre-like matrix containing the cinnabar.  Nearly 30,000 tons of ore were reduced by the  New Almaden company in 1889, the average j  percentage of quicksilver being only 2.014. It !  does not require a large percentage-of metal to ',  make a quicksilver mine pay. ]  In Mexico cinnabar is found in veins traversing pitch-stone porphyry, and in beds resting  upon porphyry and covered by shaly clay.  In New Grenada, South America, we see the   :  same ore in a quartzose sandstone of considerable thickness, while  in  Peru  the quicksilver  strata consist  of a series of shales and sand-   j.  stonos occurring between  other sandstones and   ;  conglomerates.  '}->'  Reviewing what has been said, we find that  quicksilver ore is found in the midst of eruptive  (rock which has burst through other rocks in  a molten state or which has been thrust up  bodily from the interior of the earth) and meta^  moi'phic rocks (those that have undergone alteration in structure and composition subsequently to their original deposition), and that  it is frequently associated with porphyry, greenstone, shales, and schists. No important deposits of cinnabar have been discovered in  British Columbia. Mercury has been found in  the native state in the silver ore of Silver Peak,  near Hope, Idaho, and cinnabar has been found  in place on the Kicking Horse river, near  Golden, on the Homatheo river and the Fraser  river, but not .in workable quantities. It is,  however, by ridmeansimprobable that valuable  deposits will be found: prospectors, therefore,  should be on the alert, for notwithstanding the  high price r-i of a .s the metal ($55 per bottle of  76^ pounds) an^. the increased demand, the California mines?,, cannot keep their output up to  what it formerly was, and the world is awaiting  the discovery of new deposits. Gold and silver  mines Often sell well, so do quicksilver ones:  e. g., the Guadalcazar mines (estimated to carry  3 per cent quicksilver) in the state of San Luis  Potosi, Mexico, have recently been sold to an  English company for $I,750;000!  George E. R. EMis, M.E.,F.C.S.  Victoria Merchants Entitled to  Noiie of the Credit.  The following is from the Victoria Times of the  13th:  "Tonight the City ofKingston will take 20  "tons of groceries shipped by Simon Leiser for  " Nelson.    The freight will be taken from the  '���������'��������� steamer at Tacoma, shipped over the North-  ** ern Pacific railroad to Kootenav, Idaho, and  " then   by  boat to  Nelson.    The enterprise of  "local shippers in placing goods at-such out-of  " the-way places is only exceeded by the stupid-  " ity of the government which allows a section  "of the country like the district around Nelson  "to be without proper means of communica-  " tio.n."';���������!'The enterprise of the "local shippers,"  indeed!   -The? "local shippers" of Victoria have  done but little towards aiding the pioneer merchants and ruining men of the Kootenay Lake  country to\ pUtauin any facilities whatever.    If  the '' local shippers" of Victoria, oiie Bf whom  is a member Of the provincial government, had  foresight, the trade of this  section   would not  now be going to Spokane Falls.    Did the "local  shippers" of Victoria use their influence, or any  pressure whatever, to compel the  government  to  build  a wagon   road   from   the   navigable  water's of the Columbia to the navigable waters  of Kootenay lake?   On the contrary, have they  not aided and abetted that government in handing us over, bag and breeches, to the Canadian  Pacific's   tender   mercies?       Have   the   "local  shippers" of Victoria made  a single effort to  compel the Dominion postal authorities to give  the Kootenay Lake country adequate mail facilities?   No!    Yet, postoffice inspector Fletcher  is a citizen of and a resident in Victoria.  A  Fonr HundredI'i'oniid, Pack.  In the Kootenay Lake country are men who  will make names for themselves���������provided they  do not die young.     Joe Wilson is one of them.  This week mr. Wilson packed the heavy machinery for the Davys & Tolson saw-mill from  the steamboat landing at Nelson to the mill-  site on Cottonwood-Smith creek. Part of the  material was sheet-iron piping in lengths of 27  feet. These pipes were mounted on 2 mules,  and they required skillful handling in getting  them around the sharp curves on the trail.  One piece of the machinery, weighed 500 pounds.  It was of irregular shape arid made a bad "top  pack," but an old gray mule managed to get it  to the mill-site, after falling down the steep  pitches and bucking it off on the level stretches  several times on the way.  Two tioo������i  Men "Fireil" Without ��������� C'ause,  Week  before  last W. A. Ensley  and  James  Dolphin, 2 of the best known conductors on the  "Western division of the Canadian Pacific, were  "let out" for carrying a brother conductor over  their runs. Both of these gentlemen, by the  strictest economy, have undoubtedly managed  to save out of their earnings of $90 a month sufficient to pay their fares over the Pacific division to the coast. "Dad" will probably settle  down on his goat ranch near the town with the  hospital that captain John built, and "Jim" will  probably return to his old calling of prospecting  for the precious metals.  pm  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  EAST    KAKEK    STRKKT.  A. J.  MARKS,  O. VAN   NESS,  l'KOl'RIKTOKS.  LARGEST  HOTEL IN  NELSON  AFFORDS   SPLENDID   VIEWS  OF   BOTH  TOAP MOUNTAIN AND KOOTENAY RIVER  Best brands of liquors and cigars always in stock? The  table furnished with the best in the market.  boot "^7������^:" s|6p.  NELSON, B. O.  1 am now prepared to make to order boots and shoes of  all kinds,' at as reasonable rates as they can be made for in  this part of the country; Jalso,  neatly and substantially 'done, and all orders promptly  attended to. The; patronage of the. public is respectfully  solicited. '������������������" "''    '  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. G.  DRUGS,  PATENT  MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  "drug stores.  CIGARS    AT    WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  IDIELTXGS-G-ISTS-  Prescriptions carefully compounded, from pure drugs, by  a graduate in pharmacy.    A full line of patent medicines and toilet articles carried.  {Only I>rug Store In Lower Kootenay.) .SPROAT, B. ���������.  Baker Street, near Josephine,  All "Work  Turned  Out Promptly  ami in Fii\st-���������Iass Style.    None but White  Help  Employed.  ALICE   POSTEEr Hsfc^l<r^&-ttJEl-  Kootenay Lake Saw-Mill,  ii.   O.   B1WHANAX,;   Proprietor.  All kinds of rough lumber and dimension stuff' on hand  or sawed to order;' also T and G flooring, V ceiling, surfaced lumber, rustic, and sawed shingles.  Capacity of mill 20,000 feet pdr dav, which ensures the  prompt tilling of large orders. Lumber delivered at any  point on Kootenay lake.  Postoflice address, Nelson, B. C.    Mill 14 east of Nelson.  Electoral District of West Kootenay  Notice is hereby given that under the provisions of the  Qualification and Registration of Voters Act, I shall hold  a court of revision at the court house, Far well, on Monday,  the 4th day of August, at 10 a. m., to hear and determine  objections against the retention of any names on the  voter's list. G. C. TUNSTALL, collector of votes.  Farwell, June 2nd, 1890.  *���������_���������**��������� i 1  V! .'  ft  If  P  Hi  THE MINES:   NELSON,  B, C,   SATUKDAY,  JULY 26,  1890.  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months $2.50, one year $4.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of $3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted1 for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Reading  or  Local   Notices  25  cents  a   line  insertion.   Contracts made.  EACH  Birth Notices free if 'weight of child is given; if  weight is not given $1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from $r to $10���������according to the social standing of th^ ^  Job Printing in good style at fair rates. Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  in stock. v  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters : The Miner, Nelson, B. C,  (with "via Kootenai, Idaho," added if mailed in the  United States.)   ������   :���������, ,'  Authorized Agents : Henry Anderson, Ainsworth;  James Delaney and James Gibson, Spokane Falls;  J. H. Matheson, Donald; Sam Woods/Westminster;  F. B. Wells, Revelstoke; Harry Hebert, Sproat; Linton  Brothers, Calgary; Robert Jamieson, Victoria.  On the 22nd instant there arrived at the Nelson postoffice ana English paper dated "July  6th" and one from Revelstoke dated "July 5th."  The English paper came byway of Kootenay,  Idaho; the Revelstoke paper, by way of Sproat.  The mail from Kootenay, Idaho, is carried free  by an American citizen, who owns and runs a  line of steamboats on Kootenay river and lake;  the mail from Revelstoke is carried by citizens  of Canada, who get pay for transporting it on  their steamboats. To insure promptness in future mail deliveries, would it not be well for the  Dominion postal authorities to have all its mail  matter carried free ?  At present mail matter is forwarded 3 times a  week from Revelstoke to Sproat, the latter being a place of no commercial importance. From  Sproat it is forwarded once a week to Nelson, a  place of considerable importance. From Nelson  all mail matter addressed to parties at Hot  Springs, Galena Bay, Busk's Point, Pilot Bay,  Buchanan's, Kootenay Lake custom-house, and  other points on the lake and river is carried free  by the Hendryx steamboats, because the Dominion authorities refuse to give the residents  of these points the mail facilities and postoffice  accommodations to which they are justly entitled.    The Dominion postal authorities are well  aware of the facts above stated; yet, they  take no action to remedy the matter. They are  aware���������and have been for 4 years���������that the  Kootenay Lake country depends almost entirely for its mail service on citizens of the republic to the south, who are as public-spirited  as they are enterprising. They are aware that  the important town of Ainsworth, in the center  of the Hot Springs mining district, has no post-  office, and that the customs officer of the uiost  important port of entry in inland British Columbia is without direct mail service over Canadian routes. They are aware that hundreds of  dollars in revenue are lost to Canada every year  because of this refusal to establish needed routes  and postoffices. They are aware that their action has been the cause of great inconvenience  and loss to people who are entitled to all privileges enjoyed by other residents of the Dominion. Yet, they steadily refuse to even acknowledge that this section of British Columbia is  under their jurisdiction and control. Is it much  wonder that the question of annexation is now  being discussed as a real live issue and not as a  fad as in the past ?  \  Mr. Mara, member of the Dominion  parliament from this district, emphatically states that  at the last session, he asked for a tri-weekly service from Revelstoke to Nelson.   Mr. Mara's recommendations surely have had but little weight  with the postoffice department, for the session  has been adjourned months, and yet Nelson, an  important distributingo point,   receives a mail  but once a week, while Sproat, a mere railway  construction  camp, receives a mail  3 times a  week.    The Miner believes mr. Mara has laid  the matter before the department; but it also  believes that his recommendations have but little weight as against the recommendations of  postoffice  inspector Fletcher.     Mr. Fletcher  is  penurious and short-sighted.  He believes that no  section of country should receive mail facilities  until the postal revenues from it equal the cost  of the service.    He maintains that the people  should subscribe part of the cost of such service.    Mr. Fletcher is probably not aware of the  fact   that   the people  of   the  Kootenay Lake  country paid over $14,000 into the treasury of  the Dominion last year in duties alone, and that  that amount will  be more  than  doubled  this  year.      Yet,   many  of these  people  who paid  duties have to depend entirely on the generosity  of a steamboat owner for mail service in the  summer, and contribute liberally by subscription  for "packing" it in during the winter.  Mr. Fletcher, postoffice inspector for British  Columbia division, is aware of the condition of  affairs here. He visited this section some time  ago, and only last week ordered that,the"-mail  would leave Sproat for Nelson on Tuesdays,  instead of Mondays as heretofore. There is no  good reason why the people of Hot Springs and  other camps on the river and lake should be  without mail facilities. If the department can  afford to pay a steamboat line for a twice-a-week  service between Revelstoke and Sproat, it can  afford to pay the steamboats for a like service  between Nelson and the custom-house at the  boundary line. The Miner believes that mr.  Fletcher is wholly to blame for our lack of  adequate mail facilities.  a  a  "The crimes which organized capital perpetrates upon the laboring poor are more  cruel, more deliberately malevolent, and a  " thousand times more indefensible than all the  "offenses which rise from working guilds or  " labor strikes or bread riots. The one class of  " offense comes from a sense of personal danger.  " It is the universal sentiment of self-defense  " aroused for self-protection. Capital combines  " from cowardice and in order to satisfy its lust  " for gain. Capital is the bully that oppresses  " the weak���������because they are weak, poor, and  "indefensible. Labor combines because it is  " too ignorant to know that it has���������under the  " law and through the law���������a better way to  " work reforms than by violence and illegal  " acts. Labor cannot be patient, for while it  " deliberates and plans it starves. The crimes  " which capital perpetrates are too numerous to  " mention in detail. Oppressive and tyrannical  "governments depend upon and result from  " wealth."    "All the horrors of centuries committed  " through the feudal age are the results flowing  "from privileged and wealthy classes clothed  " with political power. Slavery, from the per-  " iod of the patriarchs, through the Roman era  " down to the civil war in  America, is but one  a  There is only one proceeding at law which  " is conducted by the state at the expense of the  " tax-paying public, and that is prosecution for  " crime. The rich man, by corporate or other  " exactions, may deprive the poorer man of his  " land or estate and drive him to a ruinous de-  " fense at law, the success of which may impov-  " erish him. If against any of these modes of  "oppression and devices to which rich and un-  " scrupulous men resort to increase their cap-  " ital, there should be strikes and unlawful  "combinations, and out of them should result  "destruction of life and property and an inter-..  " ruption of the law, let all reasonable, intellig-  " ent��������� and just-minded '.men calmly consider  " whether labor has not causes for dissatisfac-  " tion, which it has not the intelligence to consider nor the time to remedy."       ������  No truer sentences than the above were ever  penned by man. Today many of these conditions  exist in British Columbia. At Wellington the coal  miners ask the Dunsmuirs, the owners of vast inherited wealth���������a wealth founded on the prodigal  bounty of a provincial government���������-that their  hours of labor be 8 instead of 9 and 10, that they  be allowed better pay for certain kinds of work,  and that their grievance committee be recognized in settling disputes. These requests are  contemptuously denied, the miners "locked-out"  from work, and their families evicted from  their tenement homes by the strong arm  of the law���������always on the side of the arrogant  money-power. The poor men of this section  petition the same provincial government that  granted the Dunsmuirs their wealth to give  them the privilege of purchasing 50 x 120-foot  tracts of land, on which to erect homes, and the  commissioner of lands and works, one of the  largest landowners in the province, denies their  request as follows:  Messrs. J. E. Walsh, Harold Selous, G. A. Bigelow, and  others, Nelson���������Gentlemen : I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your petition, praying that the government survey 1000 additional lots in the townsite of Nelson,  for reasons therein mentioned. In reply, I am directed by  the honourable chief commissioner of lands and works to  inform you that the government do not consider it desirable to survey or sell any more lots in the town of Nelson  at present. I have the honor to be, gentlemen, your obedient servant, W. S. GORE, surveyor general.  Victoria. July 17th, 1890.  The men whose just request is denied in the  above curt letter are doing much to develop the  latent resources of this district; yet, what is  denied them is granted with pleasure to a corporation whose wealth is reckoned in the millions ; a corporation who is doing less than these  poor men to make the waste lands of the province productive. For expending less than half  a million of dollars in constructing 28 miles of  railway, the Canadian Pacific is granted 200,-  000 acres of land and other valuable privileges.  The 200 prospectors, miners, and businessmen  in this section have expended fully as much  in labor and money in making it possible  for the profitable working of this railway, yet,  when they ask for a small lot on which to build  ���������(*.  " and the lesser of the evils perpetrated by the  " privileged and wealthy few. Standing armies,  " wars, and dynastic conflicts for succession and  "for empire arise from few other causes. Trusts,  " corners, combines, and moneyed syndicates,  "all are criminal organizations which men of  "wealth resort to in order to enhance the val-  " ues of the necessaries of life indispensable to  " sustain physical strength necessary to enable  " the workingman to endure the hours of toil  " which the master exacts."  roMMMHwmimw������waviWM������Mi������������si^  wjmiMi!({>i������-.'BW!Wilama������!im!  "���������""a"^^ wrimiwim iiiiiiiiiinmiiiimiw "m-wwr  THE  MDTEft:   NELSON,  B. C,  SATUEDAY,  JULY 26,  1890.  HfH  J4  CD  CD  M  CD  CD  O  CD  M  Has the following Handy .Articles in stock:  Pins, Flour Sifters, Hash Knives, Candle Sticks,  Brooms, Cheese, Sugar Scoops, Ax and Pick Handles,  Fraser s Axle Grease, Fresh Eggs, Brooms, Lemon  Squeezers,  Mixed  Drink  Shakers, and   100 others.  to  c-t-  g  to  o  to  CD  \���������'���������  c+-  CD  o  B,  t=j  a cabin, their request is met with an answer  that means, "Go to the devilpyou pa/upers!"  The Miner hopes the day is not far distant  when these "pauper" prospectors and miners  will turn out of power the present arrogant, if  not corrupt, provincial government, even if it be  replaced by one made up of old fogies like  Robert Beaven. .   While at Winnipeg, on his return trip from  British Columbia, mr. Van Home, president of  the Canadian Pacific railway, stated that he  found the Kootenay Lake district "a, most  wonderful country, both in point of scenery and  mineral resources.". Travelers over the road  between Nelson and Sproat will also find a most  wonderful railway���������for sharp curves and steevp  grades.  The miners and prospectors who make Nelson  their base of supplies petitioned the provincial  government that 1000 additional lots be ��������� sur-  veyed in the Nelson townsite, at the same time  suggesting that half of the number be set aside  for sale at a nominal figure to those who would  live on and improve their purchases, the other  half to be sold from time to time at public auction. The request was denied; yet the men who  signed that petition have expended in time,  labor, and money over $500,000 in the district.  On the other hand, the Canadian Pacific is expected to expend $500,000 in building 28 miles of  railway; yet they are given, gratis, 200,000 acres  of land, and, no doubt, will get, gratis, the 1000  lots, also. British Columbia has a paternal  government, indeed; one that gives all the yellow-legged chickens to the rich, letting the poor  pick at the leavings.  An  Error Promptly  Corrected.  To the Editor of The Miner: In your issue of the  19th instant you state that " the directors of the Boston &  Montana Consolidated Copper and Silver Mining Company '* *' *��������� have deolarect a dividend of $150 per share,  payable August 1st." This is evidently a mistake. The  capital stock of the company is 100,000 shares, of par value  $25; so that a dividend of $150 per share would require a  surplus of $15,000,000! A dividend of $1.00 was declared in  May and another of $1.50 was confidently expected in  August. The latter is probably the dividend which has  been declared. George E. It. Ellis.  Nelson, July 23rd.  The   item   referred   to   appeared  a,s  general  news, and the  mistake  was  that of the paper  from which the item was clipped���������The Miner  has neither an "intelligent compositor" nor a  "careless proof-reader."  Explains  What He Intended  to Say.  To the   Editor  of  The  Miner:     At the  meeting last week in Nelson, I scarcely meant  to use the language in regard to mr. Kellie with  which I am credited by your reporter. During  the election campaign, mr. Kellie was charged  with being the nominee and protege of the government and the Canadian Pacific railway.  PToof of the allegation was not forthcoming,  and we acquitted mr. Kellie of what /wouldhave  been considered here an imputation seriously  affecting his standing. ' I have heard of nothing  since to convince me that mr. Kellie has parted  with his independence, and I agree with your  editorial remarks that we should accord him a  fair trial before pronouncing opinions.  In my remarks I referred to an expression  used by a previous speaker, to the effect that we  could expect no attention to any of our requests;  and I meant to advance the idea that in such  ��������� cases we have the right not merely to petition  or make suggestions, but to dictate to our representative. G. O. Buchanan.  Nelson, July 23rd.  Kelson  to Have a Public  School..  Although there are but 6 children of school  age   in   Nelson  at  present,   the  citizens  have  thought it wise to let outside people know that  children may be brought here and not grow up  in ignorance for lack of a public school.    The  amounts below have been subscribed, the money  to be paid to J. Fred Hume as soon as a teacher  is secured and all the necessary arrangements  perfected. A meeting for that purpose will  be held at the post-office on Monday evening at  8 o'clock.  AMOUNTS  SUBSCRIBED.  E. Corning ......  M. A. McDougal   Soderberg & Johnson  Richard Toomey.   Frank Hilton   John, McNeill   Charles Van Ness ....  William Perdue   Hambcr & Tynne..'..  Frank Hanna jr.   (per  month)   Hill Brothers .... ...  $30. 00  o  00  10 00  2  00  : 5  00  2  00  5  00  01  00  5  00  5  00  o  00  Charles L. Drew  .$ 2 00  J. Fred Hume  10 00  Thomas M. Ward.....    5 00  Andrew Wallace     2 00  Mahoncy & Johnson.. 10 00  Albert Barrett..     1 50  Joseph Wilson:..,.... 5 00  G.   A.   Bigelow    (per  month)     2 00  Houston, Ink & Allan  (per month) :....    5 00  R.-K. Lemon  10 00  Others who wish to subscribe can do so by  calling at Gilker & Wells's store, where the subscription books are open.  Mineral.. Specimens  Wanted,  A. collection of minerals from West Kootenay  is being made to send to the Toronto exposition.  The specimens, with the assay value attached,  will be arranged in  an  exhibition car, and the  promoters of the exhibit expect to make it  the finest ever made from any mineral district  in America. David Woolsey of llleeillewaet is  now in the Kootenay Lake camps collecting  specimens, and he should receive the hearty cooperation of every mine-owner in the country.  After the Toronto exposition closes, the car will  be sent to points in the United States.  IPenartcd  EBas>ny.  John Duncan, who received $80(X) in cash for  his mining interests in the Warm Springs district, left Ainsworth on Tuesday for Birkenhead, Cheshire, England, where he has a wife  and 14 children. Mr. Duncan does not intend  to return to America, claiming that "the old  country" is good enough for him.  Natural Wool Underwear  .Canton Flannel Underwear  Merino Underwear  Balbriggan Underwear  Cotton Underwear  All - Wool Underwear  .A.T  > o  **��������� o  ���������������-'o  NO. 15 EAST KAKEK 'STREET,  KELSON.  GILKER & WELLS,  DEALERS  IN  5  GENTS'  FURNISHINGS,  D SHOES,  Fancy and toilet goods, patent medicines, fruits, tobaccos,  "cigars, stationery, etc.  Postoffice Store, Nelson, B. 0.  i  k  JIeml>er of Society of Chemical Hitriiistry;  Autilior of "Practical 'Organic Analysis," of  **TIic Bron Ores of lite World," Etc.. ."Etc,  Expert   in   the   "BSIuel>ir������l"   Mining   Suit.  NELSON,  b. c.  REVISED   ASSAY   CHARGES.  Silver, Gold or Lead   'Ooppeiw   Silver and  Lead.. .:.." v   Silver, Gold and Lead   Silver and Copper. \   Silver, Gold and Copper ,   Silver and Gold   Three samples for Silver or for Lead   Mineral  properties managed and reported upon.  ests of non-residents attended to.  ISrOTICE.  All claims against the Nelson City Improvement Company, Nelson City Tovvnsite, or Pilot Bay Saw Mill Company, properly vouched, must he forwarded at once to the  undersigned. No claim will he allowed after sixty ((>0)  days. JOSHUA DAV1ES.  Victoria, B. C, June 30th, 1800.  .$1 50  . 2 50  . 2 00  . 3 00  . 3 00  . 4 00  . 2 00  . 3 50  Inter-  istotici  j.  All persons having claims against certain logs or hewn  timber, now located at Yuill's ranch, Kootenay river,must  present the same to George T. Kane, Pilot bay, Kootenay  lake, ccrtilicd by 11. W. V'uill before delivery at millsite.  The undersigned will pay such charges on timber and logs  when not exceeding contract prices on delivery at the  millsite.  SAYWAUD-DAVIES LUMBER COMPANY.  Victoria, B. C. June 30th, 1800. m  THE  MMEE:   NELSON,  E.   0.,  SATUEDAY,  JULY 26,   1890.  I  1  m ���������  m  hi  m  KM  1  i  v    i  ;*  I  If'  i  s  it  (I  t.  SEN &  CONTRACTORS  AND  WILL   CONTRACT   FOR  THE   ERECTION   OF   ANY   SIZE  WOOD   BUILDING.  furnished and bills for material made.  JOB      C  attended to promptly  Shop on Baker Street, between Hall and Hendryx.'  Vernon Street, near .Josephine,  \ELSOff,"B. .���������.  PROPRIETORS.  THE  HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  THE  TABLE  arc comfortable in size and       is  acknowledged   the best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  THE   IB^-IR,  is stocked with  the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.;  "The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District,"  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  JOHNSON   &   MAHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  'he reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  CREAM    OF   THE,. WORLD'S    MEWS.-  The population of the United States by the census of 1890  will be about (M,500,000; by the census of 1880 it was 50,155,-  -738. ������������������  ���������    ���������,'/' , '       -  ��������������������������� .     ���������   ;,  The Canadian Pacific rail way has decided upon the  names of the steamers now being built for their Pacific  service. They are "Empress .of, India," "Empress of  China," and "Empress of Japan." The Empress of India,  which will be the first completed, is expected to be  launched at Barrow-on-Firness about the end of November, and will probably reach the Pacific coast and begin  services in February or March.  Three miners, John Hart, Thomas B. Bunney and Richard L. Abb, were killed last week by the timbers giving  way after a blast in the Highland mine near Lead City,  Dakota. Another man was killed in an accident in the  mine the same afternoon.  The^new lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, M. B.  Daly, was sworn into office on the 14th: The legislative council chamber:was(crowded with people, including  members of the government and legislature, judges and  leading citizens. After the oaths of allegiance and office  had been administered, governor Daly received the congratulations of the chief justice, archbishop O'Brien, and  others present.  News has reached Denver from Landers, Wyoming,  which says that 2 boys, Phil Horsch and Sam Davis, 1G and  17 years of age respectively, who have been working mining claims near the famous Buckeye mine, 20 miles south  of Landers, struck ore which assays'from $23,000 to $40,000  per ton in free gold. Miners have started for the new fields  by hundreds. This is the richest strike ever 'made in  Wyoming. ,.' ,:  A dispatch dated Port Arthur, Ontario. July 16th, says  a new vein has been struck in the Porcupine location  lately purchased by the Badger company, which even ex-  cells in richness that on which they are now mining.  Argentiferous galena carrying 700 ounces of silver per ton  has been discovered 150 miles east of Port Arthur. This  opens an entirely new silver belt.  The first practical step towards the great Pan-American  railway from North to South America was taken on the  12th at Brownsville, Texas. Ground Was broken for the  Corpus Christi & South American railway, 'ihe first divis-  ison is 150 miles long and extends from the Rio Grande to  Corpus Christi, at which point it connects with the railway systems of the United States. The Rio Grande is to  bo bridged from Brownsville to Matomoras, Mexico, and  the line extended first to the City of Mexico, over a route  several hundred miles shorter from St. Louis, Chicago, or  New York than any existing line. From the City of Mexico it continues south to the Guatemaliari line and beyond.  There was a chicken pie served at a barbecue in Columbus, Georgia, the other day, which was 7 feet long, 5 feet  broad, and deep enough to hide away 10 dozen yellow-legged chickens. There are a great many Methodist preacn-  ers in Georgia.  In a Dakota town, where woman suffrage prevails, in a  recent election, out of 1200 women who were entitled to a  vote less than���������100-voted. They were readier to wade  through blood to obtain the right than they are to wade  through mud to exercise it.  The Pacific Mail Company announces that until further  notice all steamers on the China line will touch at Victoria,  British Columbia, both wa3*s. It is now expected that the  Canadian Pacific steamers will soon commence to touch at  San Francisco.  , .   ���������   .    |  Sir Red vers Buller succeeds lord Wolseley in the great  post of adjutant-general. Sir Redvers is now quartermaster-general; is of high repute throughout the army as  an officer who combines taste and capacity for fighting  '���������' with a great power of administration, and is the officer  who was appointed commander of the forces in Ireland a  few years ago, and who, after a short study of the condition of the country, reported to the government that the  troubles existing in Ireland were due to "bad landlords."  Negotiations are said to be pending at Washington between representatives of Spain and the United States for  the transfer of Cuba to the latter. $200,000,000 is the price  asked by Spain for the island.  John Charles Fremont died in New York city on the 12th.  He was born January 13, 1813, at Savannah, Georgia, and  graduated at a Charleston, South Carolina, college. "In  after life, while a young lieutenant in the regular army, he  gained notoriety by eloping with the favorite daughter of  Tom Benton, Missouri's great senator. Benton's friendship  aided him in many ways to become "the pathfinder," in  making several successful exploration expeditions across  the Rocky and Sierra Nevada mountains. Fremont, then  a colonel, took an active part in the conquest of California  from Mexico. He was the Republican party's first candidate for president, in 1856; but never held office other than  the governorship of Arizona, in 1878. At one time he  owned the Mariposa grant in California, and was engaged  in ranching and placer mining. He also took an active  part in promoting the old Memphis & El Paso railroad  (now the Texas & Pacific) and other' great schemes. During the civil war he was a major-general on the union  side, with headquarters at St. Louis, but became unpopular because of his radicalism and by surrounding himself  with a large staff of officers of foreign birth. Of late years  he has lived in New York, having been allowed a retired  colonel's pay.   His wife survives him.  A hearing for the possession of part of a school section in  Tacoma is now pending before the register and receiver of  the United States land office at Seattle. John G. McBride  claims the ground is more valuable for placer mining than  for agricultural purposes, and is likely to be sustained. The  land is valued at $2,000,000 by the state and present owners;  but McBride values it at $60,000,000. It is no doubt a case  of "salting," as last fall the entire section was plastered  over with claims, just after the alleged discovery of gold  by McBride in a gulch running through it. Many of the  claims were subsequently given up, but a majority of them  have been transferred to McBride. Edwin VanCise, the  celebrated mining lawyer of the Black Hills, is���������McBride's  attorney.  Dan McGillivray has beon awarded the contract for  constructing the water-works for New Westminster. The  pipe for the work will be cast on the ground, a new plant  to be erected for the purpose. A bidder, who expected to  get his pi,pe from Scotland, is-kicking because the contract  was awarded to the home-made pipe man.  Will Contract for the Erection of  Stores, Dwellings, Wharves  :v-^:MUis/-Bridges,- Etc.  Hnsr Bma Btt  on hand, with which, to manufacture Store  .''���������   Fittings, Tables, Desks, Etc.  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  nsTJELsoisr, ib_ o.  FELSOFand SPE0AT.  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at any mine in the  district.   Orders from lake points promptly filled.  running between Nelson and Sproat, and between Nelson  and adjacent mines.   Will contract to deliver  mining machinery on any mine in    <������������������  the. district.  AH Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  promptly forwarded to destination.  at both Nelson and Sproat, where saddle animals can be  hired and job wagons engaged.  NELSON OFFICE AND MAEKET:     '  O. I! EAST BAKER STREET  .A__ E, SHIRLET  PROPRIETOR  loneer  Vernon Street (next door to Lakeview House),  NELSON, B. C.  Shaving, Hair Gutting, Shampooing.  RAZORS   HOMED.  The only restaurant in Nelson.   Meals cooked to order  at short notice.   Lunches served.   Fish dinners  and Omelets a specialty.  'No. 8 East Baker Street.  Mugli Madden, Propr. THE  MINES:   NELSON,  B.  0.,   SATUEDAY,  JULY 26,  1890.  KS8I  '<?*���������  james Mcdonald & go.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from $6.50 to $500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, arid woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock; Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points willrcceive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  MAIN STREET, REVELSTOKE, B. C.  William Kirkup & Co.  KKVKLSTOKB^ IB. ���������.  STOVES AND TINWARE,  GRARITEWARE AND LAMP  GOODS.  Tin, Copper, and Sheet-Iron Ware Made "to Order.  First-class'-work guaranted.   Particular attention paid  to mail orders from mining camps.  BRICK AND STONE IVIASON  ITPZL^STIEIRIE:]^-  Will be at NELSON on or about August 10th.   All work  promptly and satisfactorily executed.  er. Ph. Dr.  ���������       *-S*.  VVLVXXXVJ   V/O.)  (Late partner of John McVicker's, Salt Lake City)  ASSAYER,  Mining Engineer, and Provincial and U. S. Surveyor.  AGENT FOR   HAND'S   FIREWORKS.  Masonic Temple Block, Vancouver, B. 0.  KATES  FOR ASSAYING.  Silyer, Lead, or Gold...$2 00   Coppcr,Silverand Gold.$2 50  Zinc or Arsenic....'..... 5 00   Silver or Gold bullion.. 3 00  Silver and Lead or Silver and Gold ...............    2 00  Iron, Lime, Silica or Manganese.. y....... . ...,   5 00  Sealed sample for Lead, Silver and Gold..............    4 00  Sealed sample for Copper, Silver and Gold    5 00  Lead bullion, for Silver and Gold....     2 00  Assays from Kootenay district promptly attended to.  Makes reports on and surveys and maps of mines. Thirty  years experience ; speaks 10 languages.    Terms, cash.  BUILDER    AND    CONTRACTOR.  Plans and   Specifications Furnished Free.  For the present, address all inquiries to Albert Barrett,  at the Nelson Meat Market, 11. East Baker  street, Nelson, B. C.  LIMITED.  One of 'the above company's steamers  '  WILL LEAVE WILL LEAVE  REVELSTOKE FOR SPROAT      SPROAT FOR REVELSTOKE  TUESDAY  THURSDAY  SATURDAY  ���������at 3 a. m.  WEDNESDAY  FRIDAY  ���������at 1 a. in.  J. A. MARA, Manager.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  For MINERAL' CLAIMS require to be published nine weeks in a newspaper other thrui the British Columbia Gazette; their publication in Till-:  MINILU will cost the applicant FIFTY-FIVIi CENTS a line.  Notice is hereby given that the Pacific Bullion Mining  Company, by their agent, Henry Anderson, has tiled with  me, under the provisions of the Mineral Act, an application  for a crown grant to their claim "Spokane," situate about  one half mile west of the Hot Springs, Kootenay lake, 13. C.  Adverse claims, if any, are required to send in their objections to me within GO days from date hereof.  GEO. C. TUNSTALL,  Assistant commissioner of lands and works.  Hot Springs, JB. C, July 6th, 1890.  ARRIVAL    AND    DEPARTURE    OF    MAILS.  Mail arrives at 5 o'clock P. M; Tuesday and departs at  7:30 A.M. Wednesday. Letters for registry must be handed  in 80 minutes before departure of mail.  SIBORT    PARAGRAPHS'   OF 'PERSONAB,;   INTEREST.  Mr. and mrs. G. B. Wright of Ainsworth viewed Nelson  by lamp light Thursday evening, leaving for home the  !   next morning on the Galena.  j CM. Parker of North Yakima, Washington; George  . I .Herb of Medical Lake, Washington; W. H. Lynch, J. C.  ! Lynch, C. B. Edgington, arid a Review reporter of Spokane  | Falls, among others, took a look at this as a mining coun-  !   try during the past week.  |       W, F. Teetzel, James McDonald, E. S. Wilson, and A. S.  j   Farwell came in from Revelstoke during the fore part of  ��������� j   the week.  !       A boat crew; made-up of "Jim" McDonald, "Ed" Wilson,  "Roary"   McLeod,    "Charley"-  Lundberg,   and   "Truth,"  , rowed from Ainsworth to "Dan" O'Ray's wood landing in  !   an hour and 10 seconds by "Jim" McDonald's waterbury.  \       Dr. Hendryx of Galena Bay is one of the most accommodating men in this or any other country.  i       Joe Wilson is training "Alex" Currie in the ways that a  j   cowboy should go.    "Alex" already knows how to drive a  cart, and in time may catch on how to head a steer on  |   a mountain trail.  R. El Lemon's bonded goods are at Kootenay station.  E. J. Merrin and "Sam" Smith came in on Monday from  Kootenay, Idaho, on the(Galena.   Mr. Merrin is interested  in claims in both the Toad Mountain and Hot Springs dis-  I   tricts; mr. Smith owns a stage line over the worst piece Of  road (in bad weather) in America.  Harry Hebert of Sproat came in with Joe Wilson's pack  train on Saturday. He says he would like to live in Nelson. Harry, you had better remain at Sproat; it is nearer  your size. '  Orson Hall, one of the owners of the great Hall mines,  arrived at Nelson on Monday from Colville, Washington.  Gilker & Wells's subscription of $5 to the school fund is,  I   by mistake, omitted from the table on the 5th page.  i ������������������ ''������������������'���������.'.'���������' '���������  The  Wagon  Roads  Being PhsIbc<B.  ��������� Ak������ut 20 ��������� men,'-under the forem'anship of  Thomas McGovern, are at work on the wagon  \ road from Ainsworth up through the mines of  1 Hot Springs district. The right-of-way is cleared  most of the distance, and fully half a mile is  graded. It is expected to be finished within 6  weeks. On the Nelson and Hall mine road, it is  o stated, that the surveyors will have it located  by Wednesday. The first'mile- that was let to  Alfred Bunker is being rapidly finished. Most  of it was subbed to the boys at $12 a station of  100 feet. Tonight they will have, practically,  35 stations completed. * Robert Yuili's gang of  bridge men have the culverts in, and the bridge  across Cottonwood Smith creek ready for the  planks. It is a. first-class job; in fact all the  work reflects credit op. the.men who undertook  it." The boys have made from $3 to $4 a day,  and they suggest, through The Miner, that the  committee award the remainder of the road in  half'or mile-stations, so that they all can get a  chance to take a piece of the work: They argue  that they can do the work as well as the contractor, and that they are entitled to his profits.  No doubt the road can be built as cheap that  way as any other, and it will be the best way to  distribute the money evenly. G-ive the boys a  chance to show the stuff that is in them.  A  Legal Itcijttiireitieiil.  Wantonly  Violated.  Complaints are heard every day of the way in  which the Canadian Pacific violates all laws  and regulations that conflict with its interests.  The surveyor-general, in May, called for tenders  to run the ferries at the Slocan and Kootenay  crossings on the government trail between Nelson and Sproat, stipulating the tolls to be  charged. The tender of the railroad company  was accepted; but instead of running a ferry at  the government trail crossing of the Kootenay,  one is put in at a point where the railway  crosses the river, some 1.0 miles farther up. By  this action, travelers are compelled to take a  trail along the right-of-way that is not only  longer than the government trail but actually  dangerous because of the blasting operations of  the graders. The local government officials  know of this violation of the tender agreement;  but, probably, their remonstrances are treated  by the surveyor-general with the same curtness  that he treats petitions from the people of  Nelson.  iiave the ���������omitry a.' (diood   Name.  Among the men interested in the mining business who have visited the Kootenay Lake  country in the last 2 weeks was E. Dempsie of  Spoka/ne Falls. Mr. Dempsie is a businessman  who has interests in several mining districts in  Washington as well as interests here. .While  laying no claims to a practical knowledge of  mining, he is of the firm belief that this country  is not surpassed by any mining district tributary  to Spokane Falls. He stated that the fact of  the Revelstoke smelter being in the field as a  mine buyer and ore purchaser could have but  oiie result: stimulate ore extraction and development work. As for the district's accessibility,  he maintained that it would be much easier to  navigate the Kootenay river in winter than to  navigate the Cceur (VAlene river, the latter being  but one-half as wide as'the former. Mr. Dempsie left by the Galena on Friday for home.  ���������'Nelson's; Needs.  A physician, a dentist, a watchmaker and  jeweler, a sign painter, a baker, a photographer,  a druggist, a tinsmith, a' wharf,'mails 3 times a  week, 1000 surveyed, lots, sidewalks in front of  lots-'owned by non-residents, part of the $9000  realized by the government from the sale of 32  lots expended in making the streets passable,'.'  daily steamboat communication with -������������������H.ot  Springs camp, and 9 more children of school age.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B.C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  LAND   NOTICES  Like the  the  i following must lie published nine weeks in a newspaper other than  he British Columbia Gazette, and cost FIFTY-FIVE CbNTS  i line for the required publication in THli MlN'liR.  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date we intend to apply to the' chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to lease the following described lands for  timber purposes:  Commencing at a post about 35 chains south of Pilot  bay, on the east side of Kootenay lake, directly opposite  the Outlet, thence south 40 chains, thence east 80 chains,  thence north 40 chains, thence west 80 chains; containing  ,320 acres more or less. JOSHUA 1) A VIES,  W.  P.-SAYWARD.  Kootenay Lake, July 8th, 1890. By Geo. T. Kane.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days afterdate  I intend to make application to the chief commissioner  of lands and  works  for  permission to   purchase the following described tract of land:  Commencing at a post situated at/the mouth of Kaslo  mark of Tvoote-  thence west 80  following   high  post; containing 200  GEO. T.KANE.  creek, on the south bank, at high water  nay lake, in the West Kootenay district,  chains, thence east to Kootenay lake,  water mark of same  to  the initial  acres more  Victoria,  or less.  B. C.fjune 30th, 1800.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (00) days after date  the undersigned intend to apply to the honorable chief  commissioner of lands and works for permission to  purchase the following described tract of land situated  in the  West Kootenay district:  Commencing at a point marked by a stake on the  east side of Kootenay lake, near Pilot bay, thence running east twenty (20), chains, thence northl eighty (80)  chains, thence west forty (40) chains, more or less, to  the shore line of Kootenay lake, thence south, following  the shore line to the point of commencement; .containing about 200 acres. JOSHUA DAVIES,  ���������W. P.  SAY WARD.  Victoria, B. C, June 30th, 1800^   __   Notice is hereby given that sixty (GO) days after date  we intend to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for permission to purchase  the following described tract of land situated in the  West Kootenay district: v  Commencing at a stake on the northwest side of a  small lake, known as ''Silver1' lake, thence east 100 rods,  thence south 100 rods, thence west 1G0 rods, thence north  160 rods to initial stake; containing 100 acres.  JOHN MCNEILL,  ���������THOMAS A.  R. BLACKWOOD.  Nelson, B:_0!_July 5th, 1S90._ __       _ _ _   I hereby give notice that 00 days afterdate I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of. lands and Works for  permission to purchase 100 acres of land described as follows:     '  Commencing from a post on a point of rocks on the east  side of a bay behind cape Horn on Kootenay lake (known  as Parret's bay), thence southerly along the shore of the  lake and bay 40 chains, thence east 40 chains, thence north  40 chains, thence west 35 chains, more or less, to the shore of  the lake, thence following the sinuosities of the shore line  to the point of commencement.      WILLIAM THOMAS.  Kootenay Lake, July 4th, 181.10. _    I hereby give notice that sixty (00) days after date I intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to purchase TOO acres of land described as  follows:  Commencing at this (N. E.) corner post, thence west 40  chains, thence south 40 chains, thence east 40 chains, more  or less to theshore of the lake, then following the sinuosities of the shore of the lake to the point of coinmencomnt.  II.  W. WALMMV,  Per William Thomas.  Kootenay Lake, July 4th, 181)0.  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date we, the  undersigned, intend to 'apply to the chief commissioner of  lands and works for permission to purchase one hundred  and sixty (1(50) acres of land, situate in West Kootenay  district and described as follows:  Commencing at a stake marked IT. S. & M. S. D.���������N. W.,  on the Gold King trail, three miles south of Nelson; thence  south 40 chains, thence east 40 chains, thence north 40  chains, thence west 40 chains to the point of commencement. HAROLD  SELOUS,  Nelson, B. C, July 10th, 1890. M. S. DAVIS. 8  \i-i~  WA  P vs.  ir  1  i  it  ���������������  ������  Ik.  i  is*  I ft'-:  it! !  1'  I  life  'I-  I  :f!  1  1   (  8  THE  MINEE:   NELSON,   B.  0.,   SATUEDAY,  JULY 26,  1890.  Main Street,  REVELSTOKE  Railroad Avenue,  SPROAT.  tj������  ���������Vvri3IOXJElS-A.I-.EI   -AJETjD   ZRET^IIL  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  Cor, Vernon and JosepEine Streets,  SMA LL    X l.'tttt KTS    OF    X BW'S.  101  Hot Spring's is badly in need of a dry dock.   Of the  boats at its landing not more than 3 are seaworthy.  J. C. Rykert jr. of the custom-house at the boundary line  began cutting hay this week.   He will put up about 400  '-tons,-finding a market for it at Ainsworth, Nelson, and the  railroad camps.  Mr. and mrs. George Harmon of Ainsworth are to be  congratulated. They are .the parents of a daughter, the  first white child born in the Kootenay Lake country. The  event took place on Monday of last week;, weight, 13  pounds. The boys of the camp, simply to encourage other  young married couples, chipped in and presented the baby  with a purse containing $30.  em  Ink  a landing net caught (3.  A raft containing o0,000 feet of lumber was brought to  Nelson  on  Thursday from  Buchanan's  mill.   The rough  lumber is sold at  the   landing for, ������20 a thousand,   the  ,   dressed at '������27. ��������� .."���������'���������".������.  Notices to the effect that town lots at Busk's Point are  soon to be placed on the market are posted, in sundry  places along the river and lake. C. V\r. Busk owns the  property. The Point is distant 8 miles from Ainsworth and  20 from Nelson.  It is reported that a brick-yard will be started at Nelson  in August. A party now at Medicine Hat will undertake  the enterprise. <  The Idaho and, barge came in on Tuesday night with  flour for Lveefer & Co., the railway contractors, and oats  for G. O. Buchanan, the saw-mill man. tine departed  Wednesday for Bonner's Ferry, by way of Ainsworth.  An effort will be made to induce the Hendryx line to run  one of its boats between Nelson and Ainsworth, making  the round trip of 5(3 miles daily. Under the present running arrangements, it is very difficult to get from the  Hot Springs camp to Nelson, as all the boats run from Nelson to Hot Springs, thence to Galena Bay, Bykert's and  Bonner's Ferry. On the return trip from the Ferry, they  make Nelson before touching at Hot Springs or Galena Bay.  On the townsite of Ainsworth is a fine hot spring, the  temperature of which is over 120v degrees. A. A. Mcivin-  non, the hotel man, has erected a bath-house over it, and  visitors to that coming mining metropolis may now avail  themselves of as fine a plunge bath as can be had at any  health resort on the Pacific coast.      c  The boys^who last winter squandered their wealth in  drinking "hot Scotches,".wish that they had saved enough  to purchase an occasional lemonade or mint julep, now  that they are compelled to work on railroad cuts and  wagon grades with the mercury at 90 in the shade.  Patrick MeNamee, an old-time prospector and miner,  whose hair is as white as an angel's wings, says that, taken  as a whole, the boys in the Hot Springs camp are the most  jolly and whole-souled lot he ever met, and he has been in  many mining camps and "excitements" since the days  of 'Hi.  JE. S. Wilson & Co., now doing business at Revelstoke,  have purchased a lot on Wright street, Ainsworth, and  will at once erect a 2-story 22x35 foot building. They expect to have a stock of general merchandise on the ground  in August, bringing the goods in from both Spokane Falls  and Canadian points. H. H. Pitts will have charge of the  Ainsworth house;  ���������James McDonald & Co., the furniture men of Revelstoke, will establish a branch house at Nelson, shipping in  the stock from Ontario in bond. All lines of business will  soon be represented in the Kootenay Lake towns.  There is said to be about 200 acres of land suitable for  pasturage at the head of Crawford bay, on the east side of  Kootenay lake. It might be of interest to intending settlers to take a look at the ground.  The Miner is under obligations to K. F. Drummond, the  well-known railroad mail clerk, for a copy of The Dominion Illustrated, containing illustrations of the flourishing  town of Calgary. "Bob," may your shadow never grow  less.  Episcopalian services were held in Nelson on Sunday;  conducted by bishop Sillitoe, who, accompanied by mrs.  Sillitoe, is making his provincial tour. At the morning  service the first baptism in Nelson took place, the hope and  heir of the Ellis family was christened George Ralph Nelson. The collection in the morning was $1.35, in the evening $5.10. Mr. and mrs. Sillitoe, after visiting Hot Springs  and Hendryx, left Nelson for Sproat, en route to Cariboo,  on Friday morning. ���������-���������������������������'���������  ,. This week Ed Atherton and Tom VYard sold a 50-foot lot  on the corner of West Vernon and Stanley streets to  Thomas Hennessey for $550. Mr. Hennessey's partner .will  build a blacksmith shop on it.      ��������� "',     ������  The International hotel, on the corner of West Vernon'.'  and Stanley streets, is Nelson's newest hotel. , It was  opened on Wednesday night. William Hunter and James  Dawson do the honors.  The Galena, on Thursday's trip, brought in 13 tons of  merchandise for local merchants, besides the regular complement of outsiders looking for solid investments in good  mines and surethings in real estate.  The price of lots at Ainsworth was advanced on the 20th.  They are now selling at $150. Another advance will be  made in August.   The lots are 25x 100 feet.  A Baker street merchant the other day purchased a pair  of overalls 40 in the waist and 28 in the leg���������the only pair  in the town. The next day he purchased a pair of jersey  pants'46 in the leg and 28 in the waist. He now wears the  overalls and pants on alternate days, and imagines himself the best dressed man in Nelson.  Smith & Woods have started a hotel at the Davenport  crossing of the Kootenay. It will have the only billiard and  "Dutch pool" tables in the Kootenay Lake country.  The heat was so intense this week that The Miner press  was stored in Joe Wilson's refrigerator to keep it from  melting.  VV. F. Tcetzel, the Revelstoke drug man, sold over a  thousand dollars worth of goods on his trip in here this  week. He advertises in The Miner, hence the large, sales.  Other outside wholesale dealers could do likewise.  The bridge across Ward creek at Baker street is now  completed. It is 20 feet wide and 143 feet long, and only  lacks a coat of red paint to make it a distinguishing mark  in an un painted town.  Nelson people are luxuriating on ripe red raspberries  from neighboring foot-hills, new radishes, potatoes, and  turnips from our market gardens, and fresh green peas (in  tin cans) from California.  Joe Wilson's pack train of 34 animals, exclusive of Harry  Hcbert the bell boy, came in from Sproat late on Saturday  last. It brought goods for J. E. Walsh, Gilker & Wells,  "Ward & Corning, R. E. Lemon, J. Fred Hume & Co., G. A.  Bigelow, and Houston, Ink & Allan.  A No. 1 tool-sharpening blacksmith is 'wanted, at  the Hall mines.   Wages $4 a day and board.  "Charmed and delighted with the Kootenay Lake country," is the invariable reply to questions asked visitors to  this section. "Your showing for mines is not exceeded by  any other district we have been in," is the expressed opinion of men interested in the mining business; "The business houses in your town are of a superior class to those  usually 'run up' in mining camps," is what is said by men  looking for real estate investments; "Your scenery is  simply grand," is the one exclaim of tourists for pleasure  and recreation.   This is a great country, indeed!  Real   Estate and   Building  Operations.  At Nelson, inside finishing work and shelving-  is being done on Lemon's, Hume & Go's, and  Bigelow's stores; also on Topping's building and  the International hotel. Hume & Co. have  completed a 20 x 80 foot warehouse. Haniber &  Thynrie begin erecting an office building on  West Baker street next week. Madden's European hotel is ready for the outside sheathing. A  A few lots have changed hands at figures ranging from $200 for 30-foot lots to $550 for 50-foot  ones. One half of the 132 lots (the total number  surveyed and sold by the government) are held  by outside speculators, and intending buyers for  business and resident purposes find it very difficult to obtain locations at any price. At Ainsworth, lots are also in great demand, now that  the Revelstoke smelting syndicate have made  purchases of claims in the Hot Springs district.  There the unsold lots are all owned by George  J. Ainsworth of Oakland, California, whose  agent on the ground is G. B. Wright.  < ......'  C.   S.   F.   HAMBER,  Notary Public, Nelson.  A. G. Thynne,  Vancouver.  AND  ^  ^  toata  ������     ������  ������i&m.  AND  Qh  ff  General Commission Agents.  CONVEYANCES,   ETC  executed with promptness and dispatch.  INiNG STOCK and CLAIMS  bought, bonded, and sold.  OFFICE   IN   THE   MINER   BUILDING.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  REAL ESTATE AND MINES,  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on com  mission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collec  tions made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 5 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0,


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