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The Miner Jan 24, 1891

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 Only  Paper  ���������-������������������  Frialcil' iia. the  iiootenny iLake J$I_ia-  ���������int������. districts.-''.  s*  ���������"/>"' ..-������������������>  V:1-'"/*���������������������������'/-"' *K  ^  I*'*..  J       ��������� V  W' k*/  For SSaies  of Subscription and  '���������'. Advertising'.  Sec  Fourth Page.  OTMBEE 32.  NELSON,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,   JAEUAEY   2_,   1891.  $_ A YEAE.  ���������83LVEB5 - -11HB.\E     W3T2B     Mff&iEiflOXtf    ��������� HV  "SMJEaT.-  Indolent   prospectors   and   claim-owners   frequently charge  The Miner with   indifference  to their interests, in that it does not boom every  location   on   which   stakes   have   been   placed.  TffE Miner admits that it does not knowingly  ������������������mention,   worthless   locations,'   neither   does   it-  boom locations owned; by men working them in  good faith.    It has aimed to give reliable mining  news, and   if  it   has  failed   ih   doing so, /claim-'  .'-owners   themselves  are in   a great  measure to  blame for furnishing' inaccurate data.    The publication of mining news locally is of little advan-  ���������     fage in attracting capital to a new district.    To  be of advantage such news must, as a matter of  ���������p"     fact,  be   circulated in outside   money centers���������:  among men seeking investments in mining property. The question then arises, whether is it  best to send these outside people reliable news  ������������������.ornews based on vivid imaginings only. The  Miner, has maintained that reliable news alone  should be sent; that it is; better to disappoin t a  man.'favorably tharr unfavorably. The result  lias been that no intelligent mining0 man or  capitalist: has visited the mining camps on Kootenay lake on the, strength of representations  made by The Miner and been disappoin ted u n-  ' ���������favor-ably. Every one of them said, on lea ving,  that the printed reports which'induced them to.  come in were, if ''anything, too conservative.  When a .good strike is made in any property  in West Kootenay -district, The Miner will not  be backward in announcing it; but -.until such a  strike is made- in a property, it will not weekly  herald that property as a -world-beater.    Much  has    been    said     about     the.   amount    of   ore  in sight in the Silver King mine on Toad mountain and of the apparent value of that property  as-, a., mining  proposition,   but   until   last   week  these statements could not  be verified.    It was  known that the ore-body in   the bottom of the  incline shaft was 45 feet wide,, with but one wall  exposed ; but its length or depth was not known.  Three weeks ago the same character of ore-as  that in  the  ore-body in   the shaft Was encountered in the floor of the  tunnel, its size increasing as the tunnel was advanced.    Last week the  tunnel  was  in  solid  ore���������ore, too,   that  assays  higher   if  anything than   that taken  from the  crosscut in the shaft.    The face of the tunnel is  now about 80 feet distant from  the bottom of  the shaft, and it is not..unreasonable to maintain that the Silver King .ore-body is at least 80  feet in length.    If 80  feet in  length and 45 feet  in width,.with an average depth of 20 feet, there  is more money in sight in-the-Silver-King mine  than in any other mine in America at the same  .depth--162  feet.      The  ore   is   high-grade gray,  and  peacock   copper,   averaging   over  $200  in  silver to  the ton, and can   be shipped without  sorting.    A careful   estimate,  based on 7 cubic  feet to the ton, gives at least $2,500,000 in sight,  .not estimating the value of the low-grade ore in  sight, on the surface.  The tunnel is in 370 feet, and will reach and  drain the incline shaft in March. On the 1st of  the month the shaft was full of water. Since  then the-water has fallen over 00 feet, which indicates that the water to contend with is seepage. Heretofore tlie tunnel was very wet.'mnk-  ing tlie work of driving disagreeable; now it is  as dry as a, barn-floor.  The   l_oyaU,v  Oiasise   Mnst tio.  At  a  public   meeting held at  Ainsworth on  Tuesday   night,  it is reported  that resolutions  were passed calling on  mr. Kellie to  work and  vote for the repeal of the royalty clause in tlie  Railway Aid Act and to use'every'effort, possible with'the government to make it compel the  Columbia. & Kootenay Railway Company to select its land grant from unoccupied lands. They  also favored a separate appropriation for a trail  up the Lai'deaux from Kootenay lake to connect  with one already built from the Columbia river.  !*������������������  Its advocates claimed that the trail could be  made by the expenditure of a few hundred dol-  la.rs, and that it would make accessible a country  known to be mineral in character.  Priees of ileal  Kntaie-  ���������Siiifilening.  The mere fact of the Silver King tunnel being  In solid ore, with walls nowhere visible, has  stiffened the prices of Nelson real estate, owner's  claiming that the future of the town is assured  because of its having at least one rich mine immediately tributary, to say nothing of other  tributary   properties    like    the   Poorman,   the  Dandy, the Grizzly, the Iroquois, the Whitewater, and the Toughnut, all believed to be good,  and undeveloped prospects at its doors like the  Royal Canadian, Uncle Sa.m, Umatilla, Lizzie  C, .Jim Crow, Silver Queen, Evening, Wild Cat,  Midas, and John Miles's Paradise. They argue  that within a year hundreds of '.miners' will be  steadily employed in Toad Mountain district,and  that Nelson is sure to be the place at which they  will center. Vernon street 50 foots,'..'that were  held at $350 to $800 have jumped to $450 and,  $1000; while Baker street 50's are held at even  higher figures. Baker Street 30 foots are in der  mand at figures ranging from $250 for* block S's  to $050 for block S's. Outside 25rfoot lots have  advanced from $335 to $200, sales being reported  at the latter figure.. Building operations, owing  to the exceptionally fine weather, keep pace  with the demand for lots, and Jumber is on the  ground for- a number of residences and store  buildings. -'      ��������� /���������-   : ���������  '"...', SplcndLid  Fislainj������- at CotfcoJiwood' Smith  JLaStc.  A fish ing , party, made up of W ill iam Hunter,  Harry McMillan, and "Newt" Ashe, went up to  the lake at the head of Cottonwood Smith creek, -  6 miles from Nelson, on Friday,' ond report having fine sport. The ice on the lake was not more  than a. foot thick, and by the way they bite, the  fish are not only hungry but plentiful. In about  a.n hour the party caught' a. hundred trout,  averaging about 8 inches in length, and report  hauling them out almost as fast as the hook,  could be "dropped into the water, 2 sometimes  being- caught on the same hook. On the  open ground the snow was fully a foot in  depth, but in the heavy timber the ground was  bare in places. Mr. Hunter says that ice could  be cut on the lake, but difficulties would have to  be overcome in hauling it.to town.  Navigation   Notes. ���������  The Idaho is making preparations to tow logs  from Crawford bay to the Bavies-Sayward mill,  her captain expecting to  make daily trips with  a 50,000-foot tow.    The Midge manages to make  a round-trip   a   week between   Ainsworth   and j  Nelson, .and if the travel justified it would make j  more.    There is  little danger now of the outlet; j  being closed, and these boats will run all winter. |  In  fact, even   bets are made that the Galena's ;  whistle wilT be heard at  Nelson fully 2 weeks j  earlier than last year.    Work on  the new boat '  for the Mara line is well under way, 'considering1  the small force employed.  'fn>  B.  IFoMtid    EHtch-BHg&'iiig;   Bmps'nclicalUIe.  H.  Lee   and   C.  H.  D. Bulteel,   who   own  placer claims on Hall creek, returned from the  creek  last week after  making an   unsuccessful  attempt to take out a. ditch. The ground was  frozen to too great a depth to allow of carrying  on work to advantage; besides, the snow was  nearly 3 feet in depth.' They will be on tlie  ground early in April, however, and expect to  make the first cleanup on the-creek.  . Metal   Market.  At  New   York   on   the  17th   bar   silver   was  quoted at $1.05h a.n ounce, lead at $4.50@4.6'5  a hundred, and copper at $14.75.  i������II^TB\������-v-.i\BJWS     FBMHH ���������'��������� M������T   ' Sfl'KIXtt'S    niSTKKX  The shaft on the Neosho is down 40 feet, with  a good-sized body of high-grade ore in, its bottom. The Neosho is one of the promising undeveloped claims of the '.district. The shaft on  Sprague?s Tenderfoot is down 34 foot, in ore all  the way.    Assays give returns of 3S to45 ounces  of silver to the ton.    John  Thompson, superin-,  tendent of the United, reports the working shaft  cm  that property down  65 feet.    DriftsYmtlie  ledge  are  now being run both ways  from the  shaft.    Sinking   will be   resumed   oh   February:  4st.    The 2-compartment shaft on the Skyline'rs  down 100 feet, anrl it is; expected  that another  hundred will have to be sunk before tlie ledge is  struck. ."..Ifnot struck at  a depth of 200 feet, a  station will be put in and a crosscut, run to the  ledge.    On the -.Dictator work is progressing favorably in the new tunnel, ih 112 feet.    The ledge  is expected to be reached within.another 50 feet,  which will tap'it at a depth of 400 feet below tlie  old workings.    In   doing   the  assessment work  on   the  Maggie a. strong  ledge carrying coarse  cube galena was exposed.    The Maggie is owned  bv Roderick.McLeod and A. A. McKinnon.  ifn  thtj  <iiiiUl  S5o.lt.  Considerable work isJbeing doneon'the gold  claims between Eagle and 49 creeks. The Poor-  man,  the Wild Cat;   the Pioneer,  the Paradise,'.  and the Royal Canadian, all have mien at work  on them. A tunnel is'being-run on the Poor-  man, and the same on the Wild Gat. On the:  Paradise, John Miles is -'still, searching' for' the  ledge. Johm Lodge is ad vancingf he -.tunnel on  the Pioneer-, and the Royal Canadian owners are  doing likewise on thai: property.- All these  claims have ore in sight, and their owners hope,  by spring, to have enough in sight to justly the  erection of reduction works somewhere near  the junction of Eagle creek, with Kootenay river.  Was  a   People,   Ever  mo   ESSes.sed?  Old-time southern coast men resident at Nelson state unreservedly that such weather as the  people of Nelson and Ainsworth are now enjoying was .never before enjoyed by any people on  the Pacific coast, not even by those of San Bernardino county, California.. No snow, no rain,  no cold winds': instead, cloudless skies,,sunshine,  bracing air. The days not too long; the nights  not long enough. From temperatures taken by  mr. Giffin at the government office; Tuesday  night was the coldest of the week, with the  thermometer at 29. At 4 o'clock in the afternoon the temperature ranged from 44 on Monday to 36 today.  Not   IJiifatSioaiaafrSc  as. ^Jesieraiiy  Supposed.-  It has generally been supposed that. Kootenay  lake is thousands of feet in depth; but that supposition, like many others, is based on tradition. Kootenay lake, in tlie vicinity of Ainsworth, has been sounded by G. B. Nagle and  James Slayton. The soundings were taken  about, one mile apart, between Ainsworth, the  Blue Bell mine, .and Queen's bay, and resulted  as follows: 442. 440, 437, 438, 437, 439, 142, 440,  430, 442, and 308, rlie last sounding being.ma.de.  wit bin 150 -yards of the shore. The bottom is  soft mud and apparenily as level as a prairie.  BSeeiprocity   .Means   Annexation.  The M.ISJ5.I1 favors reciprocity with the  United Stales so far as an exchange of cereals and raw materials go, but no farther.  The national policy, or protective system, lias  been mainly instrumental in upbuilding Canada,'and if it is her.destiny to be' a free and independent nation among nations, that policy, or  system, must be maintained. If Canada is to be  merged into the United States, no one tiling  would do more to hasten that event than unrestricted commercial reciprocity between the 2  countries.  ;-.'.������������������ '���������;  ��������� *������������������!  ,-.'^----  il"'-*^J;*i  ���������JK  *t;^;'.\  '������������������)*���������"  r*irmf,  m Ti 1  THE  IIIES:    NELSON,   B.-'Q.,   SATURDAY, JANUAEY .24,'  1891.  T I  Goods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect,  Claim, or Mine in tlie  Hot   Springs Mining District.  o_4_iR,-R,:_r fubl  HiinsrEs oze1  ;s  ���������<_  o_  SP"*  11-I  ti^  Drugs and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth.  AINSW0EIH, B.G., and EEVELSIOKE, B. 0.  UOfT.VCi , HALVES- WITH   i*i.osr33<;.T<>__s...  m  "'���������(������55  i  ���������?*s  i'*::  In 'British; Columbia, where all waste land (except what has lately been gran ted to .railway  companies on paper) belongs to the province,  prospectors for minerals are entitled to ail they  'find, the province laying claim to no share of if.  In Mashonaland, Africa, a large /.tract of country believed to be rich in minerals and owned  by the British South Africa Company, tdie prospector for quartz is a sort of partner with the  company, it claiming the right to float his  "finds," giving him half. The following regulations of the company will be of interest to  prospectors who are thinking of seeking pas-  tares new: /  Any person may take out a license on binding  himself in writing to obey the laws of the company and to assist  in  the/defence and maintenance of law and order if called upon to do so by  the company���������such license to  bear a stamp of  the value of one shilling.    Every license-holder  ���������is.free;-to. peg oif one alluvial claim and 10 quartz  reef claims in   block.     When the  claims have  been marked  off the same  shall be  registered  and the license-holder shall receive a ..certificate-  of registration���������such certificate to bear a stamp  of the  value of half a crown.    Alluvial claims  are in extent 150 feet  by 150 feet.    Quartz reef  claims are in extent 150 feet in the direction of  the reef and 400 feet broad.     The claimholder  may follow the reef in ail its dips, spurs, angles,  and   variations.     JEvery  registered  quartz reef  claim is to be held by the.prospector on joint account  in   equal  shares with the company, and  every .transfer, hypothecation, or lien of his interest in such claims is subject to the rights of  the company.    Certificates of registration of an  .. alluvial claim or portion of claim in any alluvial  digging are to   be  covered  by a stamp of ������1 for .  each month foi- which such'claim-or portion of  claim   is   registered,   payable   in   advance;   the  company, -however, claim no rights in respect to  gold won from alluvial claims.  The discoverer of an alluvial digging, distant  not less than 10 miles from any known alluvial  digging, shall have the right to peg out 2 alluvial claims in addition to his other rights.  Every digger shall, within 4 months from the  registration of the block of/claims, under penalty of forfeiture of his claim license, sink upon  his block of quartz reef claims either a. shaft of  a depth of 30 feet in the reef or a shaft of at  least 30 feet outside the reef with a cross-cut  '.through the reef. So soon as the claimholder  has done the required amount of .work and has  given evidence that he lias opened, up a payable  reef, he shall receive an inspection certificate to  the effect that the required work has been done.  ���������such certificate to bear a stamp of the value of  15 shillings.  Prior to notation the claimholder shall pay no  license. After flotation the license shall be at.  he rate of 10 shillings per claim per month.  On claims being ascertained to be payable, the  company have the light to float them into either  a joint stock company or into a syndicate. The  company shall therefore within a reasonable  time either make a, proposalor decline to do so.  If the proposal is accepted by the claimholder,  he shall on flotation be entitled to half the vendor's scrip in the shares of the company so  floated. If the claimholder is not satisfied with  the company's projiosais he has the right within  one year to prove to the company that he is in  a;��������� position to float on better terms, and he shall,  on the flotation of the claims/give the company  half the vendor's scrip.  Any claimholder shall be at liberty to net? out  a fresh block of 10 claims when he shall have  given notice of his abandonment of his existing  block "of 10 claims, or when he has received his  inspection -certificate'" from the mining commis-  sioner. But no claim holder who has acquired  his claim or claims as a prospector shall be the  registered claimholder of more than 2 blocks of  claims of 10 claims each. '   ,  An agreeirient, -binding prospectors to abide  by the laws of the company under penalty of  forfeiture of rights, is to be signed by all the  | prospectors either at Kimberley or TulL- Mash-.  j onaland is to the north of Ivimberley 250 miles,  j   and about J000 miles from Capetown.  ;; A "���������iitoii~Nntnveil an.il : ^cuerou*   &J.iig-.   '  I King Kalakaua, who is now on a visit to the  United States, is assuredly the most affable  monarch that ever sat on a throne. He is as obliging as a.n American citizen running for office.  While in San Francisco, the invitations which  poured in on him to give the royal patronage to  this, that, or the other charitable, enterprise  'were ail accepted. One evening he was seen sitting in state on a d'ias at the ball of the Ladies'  relief society: the next he was lending the light  of the royal countenance to a, theatrical performance for the benefit of the orphans,.'and on  the following day he was  sitting on the bleachers out at the Haight-street grounds shouting  with the rest of the crowd  at the good plays  made in  a  baseball  game,  the  gate-money  of  which goes to ease the last days'-of'the Lord's  aged daughters.    No delicacy was shown about  asking his majesty to lend himself thus as an inexpensive popular attraction.   Some very queer  requests were made.    He actually was asked to  lecture on the moral and  religious condition of  his subjects for the benefit of a missionary fund.  Before he gets out of the clutches of the people  of San Francisco he need not be surprised to be  solicited in the name of charity,.-to give at the  California theater, his native war dance in the  simple costume of his stark ancestors.    Considering how the account stands between the Haw-  aiians and  the English-speaking race the good-  natured generosity of the king ought to make  us blush.    In return for their lands and the lives  of two'-tliirds of the islands' population, we have  given them plug hats,' black coats, scrofula, and.  church-going  privileges.-     The king  told .a, reporter that he came to this country foi' the benefit of his eyes.    As he brings $600,000'with him  to invest in poker-chips, lie is likely to see some  sights which will affect  not only his eyes, hut  also his pocket. .  Mr. fiSfiavcn's   Bmi������rar$icaJ>J<'   ** 34a<ia."  One of the "ideas" of'Robert  Beaven of Victoria, leader of the opposition   in  the legislative  assembly, is that the province should build and  ��������� operate the railways..- The "idea" is not practicable, owing to the cost of constructing lines  in a mountainous country like British Columbia  and because of its sparsely, settled condition.  In France, where-all conditions are favorable,  state   ownership'  in   railways   is   unprofitable.  and dancing  neg-  When the"network of state railways was created  in  France, it was  intended to -serve   as ah example of economical management  and  efficient  working  for   the  great  companies.      Whether'  those expectations   have   been realized may������be  judged from   the.'.results obtained in   1889.' By  purchases of lines originally, and subsequent extensions,   the'state   network  forms  a  total   of  about 1650miles.     Their cost was about $160,-  000,000, and. the receipts hist year exceeded the  working  expenses by  $1,651,73������.    The net revenue on capital was consequently a little over 1  per- cent, and as  the purchase-money was raised  by the  treasury  at  -i per cent,   including  the  sinking fund, the actual loss  on   the year was  nearly 4% millions.    The proportion of working  expenses   to   receipts   was  7(>i   per   cent,   while  those of the great  eompanies-ranged from 44 to  55 per cent.    It -must be admitted that all the  great trunk lines  belong to the companies, but  they   have  also   a  number of  secondary lines,  worked at 80 or 90 per cent, or at a loss, the construction of which   was imposed on them.    The  j   companies, however, pay  a large  sum   to the  |. state in the form  of stamps on their shares and  [   debentures,   taxes   on   transfers   and dividends,  etc., while the state lines yield  nothing.    The  experiment can hardly- be considered a success.  Ifcaucinj'- the  C-aiacaii  itm'iei*. IHISicuIties. ���������  M. de Courville, a recent French envoy to the  king of Dahomey,   gives the following pen picture of a spectacular performance got up for his  benefit   by   that   west Africa potentate:    "On  the stage 20 women   were leapin;  the cancan.    The women   were  handsome  resses evidently from   the 'royal .'harem.    I was  received  as  an   old   friend   by   the   kins-,   who  caused a. stool to be brought for me to sit down  on.    I had 'hardly  been  seated when one of the  dancers made a misstep,    The king was swift to  notice it.    He  said nothing, but  with his light  hand made a peculiar sign to the amazons.  2  guards  strode   swiftly/to  the   stage,  seemed to know by instinct who was indicated.  Seizing a young, fine-looking woman among the  dancers, they  dragged  her from  the plat form,  and before.she-could utter a shriek, she was be-,  headed, the head rolling almost to  the feet of  the king.    Tlie  dancing  went on just as if nothing had occurred,  the  remaining dancers not  daring even  to  notice the death of their companion.    The king was educated   in  France and  spent 2 weeks in Paris just  before his return  to  Dahomey.        While -.. there-' he    visited   almost  nightly the  jardin   Mabille, and   when   he was  nut there he was at the opera.    On his return to  Dahomey he appears  to  ha ve forgotten  everything   he   learned '-in   civilization  -except    his  French, the opera, and the jardin Mabille."  A  Wlcale Town   sn   the Snsne  Fix.  The other day a Sproat man and a Nelson mail  were shaking dice for the drinks at Sproat's only  temperance   hotel.     The   Sproat    man    threw  "dutch flush" after "dutch flash," and quit the  game disgusted,-remarking as lie tossed the dice-  cup at the bartender, "If I could win Dutch  blushes as ea.sily as I can throw "dutch flushes"  I would be the happiest man in Sproat." The  Nelson man scratched his head and dryly said:  "You are not the only man in Sproat who is  anxious to win another .man's property."  The  Thev  ������  m  wm  to* ��������� "li 4.,ijK'^Y,M:;-,';!? THE;-MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  JANUAEY 24,   1891.  DO NOT USE POOR MATEKIAL  in buildings when first-class  are for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON  S1WMILL CO.  Yard:   At end'of Fluinc  in  Xelson.  ' Mill:/Two. Miles'SoulJi. of Nelson.  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is. ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will Have the same . ��������� ���������  .������������������delivered   promptly   in   any  '      part of Nelson.  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.  M.  8.   1>A-YY8, -     :-.!.' W.   TOLSON,  ���������  <      MANAGERS.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Lumber���������good, bad, and indifferent ��������� on  hand or made; to order.  >    G. 0; MCHANaIT  Nelson, January loth.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on.time.  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Gor, Baker and Josephine Sts,  AND  Will contract for the erection of any size wood building.  Plans and estimates furnished and bills for material made.  Job carpentering attended to promptly. Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, East Vernon street.  will do all kinds of  CLEARING   AND   CONTRACT   WORK  in and about  Estimates given on work.       Address, Balfour via Nelson.  A GREAT SELF-$EEKER,'X'OT A ������RJSAT STATESMAN.  Mr. Froude's mon(>g ra ph of 1 ord Beacons'field  (Benjamin Disraeli) leaves the man brilliant and  enigmatical and unfathomed as before, but he  strikes a true'note in the eloquent passage in  /���������which he denies him the title of "great" because he never forgot himself in his work, and  in the fiYst place looked only for himself. But if  he was not great absolutely/at least he was a  great self-seeker.-   Mr. Frou'de says:  "Thus it was that perhaps  do- public man  in  England ever rose so  high and acquired power  so great, so little of whose  work has survived  him.    Not one of the great measures which he  once  insisted   on   did   he  carry   or   attempt to  carry.    The great   industrial problems are still  left to be solved by the  Workmen in  their own  unions.    Ireland  is  still in the throes of disintegration.    If  Ihe colonies  have  refused to be  cast loose from us  their continued allegiance is  not due to any effort of his.    From Berlin he  brought back peace with honor,, but if peace remains the honor was soon clouded.   The concessions  which  he prided  himself on  having  extorted are evaded or ignored, and the imperial  spirit that he imagined that he had awakened  sleeps in indifference.     The voices which then  shouted  so  loudly  for  him   shout now for another, and^of all those great achievements there  remain only to the nation the Suez Canal shares  and the possession of Cyprus, and to his queen  the gaudy title of empress of  India.    What is  there besides?    Yet there is a relative greatness  as well as an absolute greatness,  and Lemuel  Gulliver  was  a  giant  among  the Lilliputians.  Disraeli said of Peel that he was the greatest  ���������member.of parliament that there had ever been.,;  He was himself the strongest member of parliament in his own day, and it was parliament that  took him as its foremost man and  made  him  what  he  was.     No  one fought   more   stoutly  when  there   was  lighting to  be done;   no  one  knew better when to yield, or how to encourage  his followers.    He was a master of debate.    He  had perfect command of his temper, and while  he   ran   an   adversary   through   the   body, he  charmed even his enemies with the skill with  which ^he"did it.    He hiade ho lofty pretensions,  and  his  aimswere always  perhaps somewhat  higher than he professed.    If to raise himself to  the summit of the eminence was what he most  cared for, he had a genuine anxiety to serve his  party,   and in  serving   his   party   to  serve   his  country;  and possibly if among his other gifts  he had inherited an English character he might  have devoted himself more completely to great  national   questions;    he   might  have   even   inscribed his  name  in the great roll of English  worthies.    But he  was English only  by   adopr  tion, and he never completely identified himself  with the country which he ruled.    At heart he  was   a   Hebrew   to   the   end,   and   of   all    his  triumphs perhaps the most satisfying was the  sense that a "member of that despised race had  made himself the master of the fleets and armies  of the proudest of Christian nations.  "But  though lord Beaconsfield  was  not   all  which he might have been he will be honorably  and affectionately remembered.    If he was ambitious his ambition was a noble one.   It was for  fame aud not for fortune.    To money he was always indifferent.'   He was even ostentatious in  his neglect for his own   interests.    Though   he  left no debts  behind him in   his life he  vvas always  embarrassed.     He had no vices, and his  habits were simple;   but he was generous and  careless, and his mind was occupied with other  things.   He had opportunities of enriching himself if he had been unprincipled enough to use  them.    There were times  when he could set all  the stock exchanges  of  Europe-vibrating" like  electric:   wires   in   a   thunderstorm.     A  secret  word from him would have enabled speculating  capitalists to realize millions, with no trace left  how  those  millions were acquired or how disposed of.    It is said that something of the kind  was once hinted to him���������once, but never again.  Disraeli's worst enemy never suspected him of  avarice or dishonor.    As a statesman there was  none like him before, and there will be none hereafter.    His career was the result of a, combination   of a  peculiar character* with  peculiar circumstances, which  is  not likely to recur.    The  aim with which he  started in life was to distinguish himself above all his contemporaries, and,  wild as such an ambition  must  have appeared,  he at least won the stake for which he played so  bravely."  I have discontinued selling lots in Balfour for the winter  months. This will give an opportunity for holders to improve the shining hours of winter by selling to their friends  outside. CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, 13..C, November 25th, 1890.  l' . ".'������������������- .NOTICE.'.  Notice is hereby given that an application will be'made  to the legislative assembly of the province of British Columbia, at its next session, for an act extending the powers  of the Crow's Nest & Kootenay Lake Railway Company,  and enabling tlie said company to construct, equip, operate,  and maintain a line of railway from a point on the lower  Kootenay river, at or near its junction with' Goat river,  thence to the Columbia river in tlie neighborhood of Fort  Sheppard, with a branch line to Nelson, via Sahnoij river,  and from tlie Columbia river by way of Osoyoos lake and  Similkameen river to Hope; thence following the south  side of the Eraser river: to a convenient point for crossing  to New Westminster, and a convonient terminal point on  Burrard Inlet, with power to build branch lines not exceeding 30 miles in length. And that sections (>, 7, and 18  of the Crow's Nest & Kootenay Lake Railway Company  act, 1888, may be amended by increasing the capital and  borrowing powers of the company, and to change tlie name  of the said company to the "British Columbia Southern  Railway Company." CHARLES WILSON,  Solicitor for applicants.  '���������;   Dated the 11th day of December, 1890.  NOTICE. ~^  Notice ishereby given that application will be made to  the legislative assembly of the province of British Columbia at its next session to incorporate a company for. the  purpose of constructing, equipping, maintaining, and operating either aerial or other tramways in West Kootenay  district, from the Hot Springs mining camp or any point  within five miles of same, to any point or points on Kootenay lake; or from the Goat River mining camp to any  point or points on Ivootenay river, for the purpose of transporting ores or other commodities. '' ,-  C.DUBOIS MASON, solicitor for applicants.  Victoria, B.C., 16th December, 1S90.  .. '-NOTICE.-./,,;.  -  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the legislature of British Columbia, at its next session, for  a private bill to incorporate a company for the purpose of  constructing and.,maintaining-'a railway from some convenient point on the outlet of Kootenay lake' to a point on  or near the southern boundary of the province. With  power to construct and maintain branch lines, and also;to  construct and operate telegraph and telephone lines in  connection with the said railway.  \ BODWELL & IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Victoria, B. C, 12th'December, 1890. ������ -  , 'NOTICE.    ���������'���������  Notice is hereby given that application will, be made to  the legislative assembly of British Columbia at its: next  session for an act to incorporate a company to be called  "The Ivootenay Lake Telephone Company," for the purpose of constructing, equipping, maintaining, and operating  telephone lines within the townsites of Nelson, Ainsworth,  and Balfour, and the district between said townsites j also;  lines connecting these towns with the mines in Toad Mountain and Hot Springs mining districts.  BODWELL & IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Dated December 2Gth, 1890.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that.application will be made to  the legislative assembly of the province of British Columbia for an act to incorporate the "Nelson Waterworks  Company, Limited Liability," a company organized for  constructing, maintaining, ������quipping, and operating waterworks at the town of Nelson, West Kootenay district,  British Columbia, and for the purposes thereof, granting to  the company the privilege of taking water from Cottonwood Smith creek or'the east fork of said creek, at suitable  places on said creek or creeks, with power to.build flumes  and aqueducts, lay pipes, erect dams, acquire lands, and  do all things necessary for the purposes aforesaid.  BODWELL & IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  -Nelson, B. C, January ,10th, 1890. ,  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will.be made to  the next legislative assembly of the province of British  Columbia at its next session for an act to incorporate a  company for tlie purpose of constructing, inaintaining,  equipping, and operating telephone lines within the town-  sites of Nelson and Spr^at's Landing and the district between said townsites; and also within the townsite of  Vernon and surrounding district.  CORBOUL1), MoCOLL & JENNS,  Solicitors for applicants.  Dated this 1st December, 1800..  NOTICE.  This is to give notice that (.here will be a-meeting of-the  directors of the Nelson Water Works-Company, Limited  Liability, on Monday, toe 2i>th day of'January, at 7 o'clock  in the evening,, in the ofiiee of R. E. Lemon, Vernon  street, Nelson, B. C. Agenda: election- of provisional olii-  cers, consideration of secretary's report,-and other mat,tors.  W\ GESNEK, ALLAN, secretary.  Nelson, B. C, January 10l.li, 1891,  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that all persons having accounts  collectible from the estate of John T. 1'ettus, deceased, arc  required to.forward me'a-detailed statement of such indebtedness within 00 days of the date-of publication of this  notice. W. GKSNLlt  ALLAN.  _Nclson, li.C, December 20th, 18.10.  NOTICE.  During my absence from Kootenay, T. Vincent Thurburn  of Baker street.holds my power-of-attorney, and Mr. Saunders of Balfour to act as my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms of the land act,  CHARLES WESTLY  BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, 1890.  v!j-:v  ST THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   JANUAEY  24,  1891.  ���������'The- Mixer is printed ox Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at tlie following casli-in-advance  rates: Three months ������1.50, six,months $2.50, one year $4.  Contract Advertisements;avill be inserted at/tiie  rate of ������3 an inch (down the column) per month.   A  V    special rate for advertisements' of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and-7 cents a lino  : for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  , each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than. 3 months considered, transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Birth Notices  free if weight of ciiilh is given; if  ������������������'weight is not   given   $1 .will-be .charged.' Marriage  'announcements \vill be charged from ������1 to .^1.0���������accord-  ���������        ing to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing in good .style at I'\\ih 'rates..   Cards,  envelopes, and .letter, note, and account papers kept  ���������   -.. in stock. ' ���������"     ;;....;  ������������������  Letters to the Editor will only appear over this  writer's name. Communications withsuch signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters :  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  BHUTOKIAIi    85 O*A SEE';*.  In the camps on Kootenay lake public' opinion  is strongly against making appropriations'- for  specified roads and trails , in West Kootenay  district. The meiiowho have lived in East and  .������������������West. Kootenay since 1886 know the results'.of  the system ; they know that money so appropriated is expended carelessly on useless roads and  trails that are never completed. Now they  favor a change of system; they favor a lump  appropriation, and .holding the assistant commissioner of lands and works .responsible for its  disbursement,on heeded,, not useless/roads and  trails. They not only favor a lump appropriation, but strongly favor the commencement of  work on the needed roads and trails as early in  the spring as possible, so that they;can be completed in time to be of use during the summer.  They argue that the business men of the district are, at/present, compelled to purchase, time-  checks issued by railway and other contractors,  and hold them several months before they are  paid, a.nd that they can equally well afford to  cash time-checks issued to men employed on  government-roads, and hold them until the  appropriation is available, in July. The government in power will act wisely by making a lump  appropriation, and expend the money to the  best advantage by ordering the needed roads  and trails built as early In the spring as work  can be done profitably.  The Revelstoke Star, as was expected, takes  up the cudgels in defense of its owner, J. A.  Mara. It denies that mr. Mara's steamboat line  is part and parcel of the Columbia ���������&. Kootenay  /Railway & Navigation Company. Well, if not a  part of that company,'what is it? Mr. Mara is in  an awkward position in being so closely allied  to such a scheming corporation and defended by  such a weakling. ^   The constituency' of the Star is largely made  up of men engaged in.'mining-��������� men greatly in-  tererested. in the outcome of the effort now  being made to bring about a repeal of the  royalty clause of the .-'Railway Aid Act and of  the effort to compel the Columbia & Kootenay  Railway Company to live up to the letter and  spirit of the act granting it-200,000 acres of; land  as a bonus for completing and equipping a railway and. steamboat line. Will the Star define  its position on these live questions. Does it  oppose the repeal of the royalty clause? or favor  the placing of I mile blocks over townsites and  located mineral claims?  "The Morning Ledger with which is Incorporated the Daily Truth" is now the full name  of the New Westminster Truth, a half-column  salutatory   giving    the   reasons    for   the    re-  christening, and William Baillie & Co.- instead  of the Truth Printing Company, are its poor  but honest parents^ For merely changing the  name and the position of the "plate" matter oh  the third page so lengthy and Labored a salutatory was hardly necessary, and its readers will  wonder why'it was penned.  It is all very well for the people of the Kootenay Lake country to "resolve" that",mr. Mara,,  shall, in the house of commons, vote to carry out  their Wishes on reciprocity; but a more effective  way would be to ask him to resign, and stand  for a re-election,on that issue. /  If the Robson government remains in power,  and carries out  the promises  made at  the last  ���������session,   a  redistribution   of assembly  districts  will, be made at the present session.    In creating new districts or re-forming/old ones, due respect should be paid to the wishes of the people  residing in the districts.    Districts  should not  be created solely for the   benefit of the party in  power;    As at present divided, much Complaint  is heard   in   Kootenay  district  because  of the  long  distances   between  the  outlying   sections  and  the, seats   of -government.     The people of  the Kootenay Lake sections of West Kootenay  are  compelled  to   travel hundreds of  miles   to  Revelstoke,   and   the    people   of   the    "Upper  Kootenay"  are  compelled   to  travel   even   farther  to  reach   Donald.      These  long  distances  could be entirely wiped out by dividing the district into north and south  divisions  instead of  east and west ones.    The population of North  Kootenay would be entirely on, or easily accessible   to-    the   Canadian   Pacific   railway,  and  no resident   on   the ' line of   that   road  would  be   compelled    to    travel   100   miles    to   reach  the seat of government at Donald.    The population of South .Kootenay, except those in the  neighborhood of   Fort  Steele and   Cranbrook,  would be centered in the mining'camps on Kootenay lake and the lower Columbia river, and no u  resident,  except   of  Fort   Steele or Cranbrook,  would be compelled to travel 100 miles to the  seat of government at Nelson, or Ainsworth, or  Balfour.    A  stately   ediffce,   for  governmental  offices, was recently erected at Donald, and it  can only be used to good advantage by making  it an official home for the officials of a compact  district ��������� like  North   Kootenay.    There   is   no  government  building,   worthy of  the name, in  West Kootenay ; and should one be built at Revelstoke, it would surely in time be removed to  some town on Kootenay lake.    Re-arrange old  Kootenay, and  give her representation according to her voting strength!  ������<>lif<I for Reciprocity Willi  (lie  United .States.  A public meeting to consider matters concerning Dominion legislation was held in R. JE.  Lemon's store on Vernon street on Thursday  night. Most of Nelson's representative men  were present; and shortly after S o'clock the  chair was taken by G. E. R. Ellis, R. A. Win-  earls acting as secretary.  G. O. Buchanan delivered a speech in favor of  reciprocity with the United States. That question, he thought, was of interest to every voter.  "At the present juncture," he said, "we are, in  the near future, going to be confronted with another election. A-revision of tlie voters' list will  have to be made before that election, and when  that list is being revised we should look out for  ourselves."- lie then gave a lengthy exposition  on the former trade .relations between Canada  and the United States, and explained how it-  was the 2 nations had in the first place become  so hopelessly commercially antagonized, and  how the trade barriers and restrictions had been  originally'' raised and imposed. Canada's trade  relations with the world had, he  said,  by this  time, become so intricate in themselves and so  tangled up in other considerations/that even  those willing to dq; so would find it almost impossible to" completely straighten them out for  many years'to corne; and the first step in that  direction,- he thought, should be made with our  nearest neighbors--the, great 'republic to the  south. Jt seemed to him absurd that peoples  living on the .same continent, under very similar  con d i t ion s, w i f h j u s t a lion t th e, sain e ad van i a ges  and disadvantages, aricl 'divided only by an im-  asrinarv line 4000 miles long should have to crv  out for protection, one against tlie other. The  p no vi n ees of-'.'eastern. a n d wester n ("a n a d a, l n'i gh t  as'well call for protection, one against, the other.  But th'ey do not, and still they manage to get  ; along very well together; and this,' in the speaker's opinion, would prove an analogous case  wif h 111at c)f r e c i p r ocit y wit li th e \j 11 i ted 81at es.  Tie thought it would be just as beneficial fYir the  'United States and Canada, to have trade reciprocity as it was for tlie provinces of Canada  'inter se. The people of Canada, he believed,  were against trade barriers; but their representatives, for motives of their own, /supported  a restrictive /'government: "Take mr. Mara,"  he said, "and see what he is doing. Before the  last 'election'', an en1 erpilsirig reporter telegraphed to sir John Macdonald and asked him  how inr. Mara was to be classed. Sir John's reply w-as that he did not know mr. Mara ; but  that mr. Barnard had told him he was sending  his son-in-law (mi'. Mara)"to support his govern ment." In mr. Buch.aiian's opinion in r. Mara  had done what he was sent to'Ottawa for, but  the interests of the district had had /rather  meagre attention ; and he thought we should see  that the men we send in future were men; who  would give our Interest's, at least one-tenth as  much attention as their own. He moved that a  resolution advocating reciprocity-be forwarded  mr. Mara���������not that he supposed it would receive  any attention, but merely as a matter of form.  The resolution was.'carried unanimously.  Mr. Selous followed with a few remarks to  the same effect. "With mr. Buchanan," he  said, "in this matter I am entirely at one. I  should think, however, we should have reciprocity with tin1 world."  A rather discursive discussion followed. It  was decided- inexpedient to give nir. Mara any  loophole for shirking the question. It was decided to insist on him advocating reciprocity  and see if he attended to what they said.  Mr. Lemon started the question of the export  duty on nickel. It wa.s thoroughly discussed  .and considered as detrimental to the interests of  the district that exported nickel, should be  taxed, and a resolution to that effect, was carried..  Mr. Bigelow then protested against sending  the resolutions to mr. Mara. "Mr. Mara," he  said, "will no doubt, be busy doing lobbying for  the Canadian Pacific; he will need to rustle for  an appropriation to make the Kootenay river  safe for his new.boat; [a voice: fcTell him not to  spoil the channel!'] and then, getting the mail  contract for his company will probably keep  him busy for a. while. Mr. Mara has his own interests to look after, and it is not fair- to bother  him with ours. And besides, I guess it would be  useless. We should send the resolution to the  premier."  It was eventually decided to send a copy to  both mr. Mara and the premier.  A committee, of 3 (G. O. Buchanan, G. A. Big-  elow, and Harold Selous) was appointed to  attend to the voters' lists, and to see that every  qualified person was registered as a. voter.  The 'meeting was then adjourned until next  Thursday night, when "amy matters that may  come up "'.'will he discussed, mr. Lemon  ously 'proffering the use of his store.  gener-  'rilfi   RESOLUTIONS.  Resolved,   That this meeting considers it the duty and  interest, of every citizen to seek by all honorable means  the settlement of all matters in dispute between Canada  and the United States with a, view to the establishment of  friendly relations between the 2 countries upon a permanent, basis and' the removal of all restrictions upon commercial intercourse.  Resolved, That a proposition which has been advanced  in some parts of ea.storn Canada in favor of th.e-.levy of an  export tax on nickel ore would in our opinion work great  injury to tlie camps on Kootenay lake, where nickel mines  of great apparent.value have been discovered.  Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent, to the  premier of the Dominion and to our representative in the  Dominion house of commons, with a respectful request  that they use their influence in parliament to carry out our  wishes in these matters.  ^i^stjsES?^^ THE  MDTEE:    NELSON,  B. C,   SATUEDAY,  JANUAEY 24,  1891.  Dealers in Diy G-oods^ Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty,  ' . ��������� ' ',-������������������' ' ���������'*''���������-���������/��������� " " ' -.'..,-���������������������������'; ' "*'   '"''<*/       '/ , ' ,'  The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods  and compare Prices. ���������    <������������������./-'..  ain Street, REVELSTOKE.  9 and 1I East Vernon Street, NELSON.  -AliKACIT'LOUS.'' ESCAPE   FSJOM    MEATH.  The trail along the Columbia & Kootenay  grade below Nelson is not only a rough one to  get over, but dangerous as well. It is not dangerous because of the precipitousness of the  rocky bluffs along which the trail skirts, but because of the blasting operations carried on by  the railway graders. Wednesday last Peter-  Walker, Jack Casey, and Mike Monaghan, 3. as  intrepid mountaineers as can be found in the  district, were making a flying trip to Nelson,  from the bridge at the crossing. So absorbed  were they in their own reflections that they did  not hear the warning shou t, ' * Fire!" as t hey  neared a high bluff, round the base of which  runs the trail. When directly under the bluff  the shots went off, blowing hundreds of tons of  rock over their heads into the river. Peter  Walker says Jack Casey,when the danger was  over, knelt in prayer, and that he and Mike  stood and reverently listened to Jack's earnest,  if not eloquent, thanks to the Almighty for their  miraculous escape from death.  fndian ��������� sinning.  C. H. Russell, an old resident of Arizona, was  at< the  Palace  hotel, San  Francisco,   recently.  In speaking of the trouble among the Indians he  asserted that in his opinion the.most intelligent,  and at the same time the most cunning, of the  western savages are the San Carlos Apaches.  To them, according to mr. Russell, is due the  invention of the center-fire cartridges. ''During the outbreak some 8 or 9 years ago," he continued, "their arms were all Winchester rifles  of the rim-fire pattern, and they soon exhausted  their supply of cartridges. They had plenty of  powder, bullets, and percussion caps, but they  were not available for breech-loading- guns.  The cunning rascals had saved their brass shells,  and, with surprising ingenuity, they altered the.  hammers of their guns, drilled holes through  the center of the shells for the caps, loaded them  and used them during the rest of the war. It  was discovered when they were captured. They  were, I believe, the first of the kind in use."  'Prefers  the  Solitude of'Iiis  iWoaisitain  Home.  The first wanderer to return from the rapid  whirl of gay life on the "outside" to the solitude  of his  mountain  home  at Nelson  was M.  Ma honey of the Lakevievv house. Mr. Mahoney  went as far east as Jacksonville, Illinois (his old  home). He reports that section of Illinois as on  the decline. Jacksonville, formerly one of the  prettiest towns in the state, has now many dilapidated buildings, broken sidewalks, unhinged  gates, and other sure signs of indolent old age.  The fine farms of that section are mortgaged for  more than their present market value, and their  owners' only hope is congressional legislation  that will give them cheap money, as they are  unable to pay the present rates of interest. Mr.  Mahoney also visited Chicago, and reports more  business apparently transacted in that city than  in all the towns and cities between here and  there combined.    On the return trip, a few days  were spent in looking Spokane over'. That town  is reported as. having 6 and 7-story buildings  where 1 and 2-story ones were only required���������  the buildings are away in advance of the requirements of the place. Although a Democrat, mr.  Mahoney is a close observer of the conditions  prevailing in the country through ��������� which he  traveled, and does not attribute all the ills of the  people to polities.  Or. Koch's "Hoosier"   Rival.  A physician of Wingate, Indiana, has invented a 'simple' method'-of curing consumption, which has produced the results claimed  in a series of experiments.   The preparation usedc  is any of the rnodem anti-septic, disinfectant,  or germicide agents, except toxic substances or  noxious gases. An alcoholic lamp is placed in a  block of wood, and surrounding this lamp is a  galvanized iron cylinder covered with asbestos,  so as retain heat. Inside the cylinder and immediately above the flame is a can from which  the rubber tubes extend. Within this can the  preparation chosen is placed, and, with the  tubes inserted in his nostrils, the patient inhales  the fumes. By this method it is claimed that  the lungs of a pulmonary consumptive may be  disinfected, cicatrized, and rendered completely  aseptic. As this is simply a method of application, it need not be said that it is equally effective in any germ disease for which a germicide  has been discovered. It simply arrests disease,  but does not restore tissue already destroyed.  Canadian Pacific Railway  OUE NATIONAL HIGHWAY. ���������  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  LOWEST FAEES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch a.nd lowest freight rates  f-ooteiiuy liiikc .Shippers will be con-   ,  suiting1   their own   interests  by shipping by. the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  ii B    VXTARIJ)  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  25 f  ?A  _vc o isr rr ir ���������___ -_^ i_.  VANCOUVER,  NEW WESTMINSTER, g j ^^^j^������*  VICTORIA, ,    HoiEixo^o-cv  AND  ALL POINTS   EAST.  Por rates,  maps,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,  apply to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D. E.  BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr'tfcPas'r Ag'fc.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B. C.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  Notice is hereby given that S. H. Gross, G.��������� W. Coplcn.  and E. E. Alexander have tiled the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim, knovyn as the Morning, situated on Toad mountain.  Adverse claimants, if any, arc required to file their objections with me within 60 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Nelson, November 10th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that S. H. Cross, G. W. Coplen,  and E. E. Alexander have tiled the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the Evening, situated at Toad Mountain,  West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to forward their  objections to me within sixty days from date of publication. G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Nelson, November 10th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that George W. Adrian, by his  agent, Josiah Fletcher, has tiled the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the John A. Logan, situated in the Warm  Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake, which he desires to  purchase.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to -for ward--their*  objections to me within 60 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, December 22nd, 1890.   Notice is hereby given that John M. Buckley and Edward J. Roberts, by their agent, W. W. Sprague, has filed  the necessary papers and made application for a crown  grant in favor of the mineral claim known as the Portland,  situated in the Warm Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake,  which they desire to purchase.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to me within 60 davs from date of publication".  G. C, TUNSTALL, government agen  Revelstoke, December 22nd, 1890. .    .   Notice is hereby given that W. W. Sprague has filed the  necessary papers and made application for a crown grant  in favor of the mineral claim known as the Tenderfoot,  situated at the Warm Springs, West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their  objections to'me within 60 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, December 22nd, 1890.  APPLICATION   FOR   WATER   RIGHT.  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take three hundred inches* of water from a spring of  water now flowing in three branches through my preemption near Nelson, in West Kootenay district, at any point  from its source or throughout my preemption, to be conveyed across the land reserved bj' the government and my  preemption, to any portion of my said preemption or the  town of Nelson, where water will be required for irrigation,  manufacturing, milling, and household purposes; for a  term of ninetv-nine years. J. D. TOWN LEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890.  APPLICATION   FOR   WATER   RIGHT.  [ hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take one thousand inches of walcr from Cottonwood  Smith creek, near Nelson, in West Kootenay district;  commencing at a point where the said Cottonwood Smith  creek first enters my preemption or at any point where it  flows through or at its exit from my preemption or thereabouts, to be conveyed through tho lauds reserved by the  government and my preemption to any portion of the said  town of Nelson where water will be required for milling,  manufacturing, and household purposes for a term or  ninetv-nine years. J. D. TOWNLEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890. _  TIMBER   LEASE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after date I intend  making application to chief commissioner of -lands and  works for permission to lease; for timbering purposes, for a  term of ten years, the undermentioned tract of land near  Nelson, West Kootenay district, situated as follows: Commencing at the southeast corner post of my present limit,  thence running south 100 chains, thence west 100 chains,  thence north 100 chains, thence east 100 chains, to point or  commencement; containing 1000 acres more or less.  M. S. DAVYS, for Nelson Sawmill Company.  Nelson, B. C. November 4th, 1890.  tow ~1L,Vta.������^������*^-������.������l  ���������pjip j-Ki-jrtR-vw.1^ww^T������ ^  THE  MINER:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,   JANUARY  24,   1891.  G'AMBLISG -  AXIl-^LOVE-MAKING.  (���������:���������":  Who that was in New, Mexico in the 50's,  when the '"Saute Fe trail" was the highway of  travel and commerce between the sparsely-settled couhties of western Missouri and the military posts at the base of the Rockies, and bull  and mule trains the only "'in odes,,, of conveyance,  does not remember with pleasure the beautiful  black-eyed -'senoritas ? Mother Nature was most  kind to them,; for their pretty little hands and  feet, .luxuriant long black hair, and their gay-  colored dresses^ so neat and tasty, displaying  not too  much  of Nature's  bounty, yet  enough  to   make   the   beholder  sigh  for  more,   and   to  crown all, that indescribable coquettish pretti-  ness, so ...becoming, yet of which they seemed so  ignorant.  A mining man now in Nelson was only an  overgrown ^boy of 22 when he .first visited Santa  Fe. Having a business acquaintance with all  the merchants and traders, lie was speedily introduced to society as it was there then. Seen  from an orthodox eastern point of view, that society was barbarous; yet to him, frankness,  easy courtesy,/ and the absence of pretensions  seemed preferable to prim dignity and abundance of cant. Yet, if the truth betold, those  , fascinating and beautiful senoritas were as false  as beautiful. At that time gambling was one of  the chief industries of the native Mexicans and  the chief pastime of the army officers, traders,  trappers,, and teamsters who made Santa Fe  their home or abiding place.  After 2 weeks in Santa Fe he found himself  $10,000 winner at rxionte, and, using his own  words, "I found myself almost desperately in  love with senorita Ermina Arota, who, strange  to say, represented the goddess of Fortune���������in  other words she was/the monte dealer. She was  also the reputed mistress of don Jose Sardobal,  the owner of the monte bank." Continuing, he  said: "I have never seen a more beautiful woman in my life. .Lighter- in complexion than  most Mexican or Spanish women, yet with that  beautiful clear skin through which every pulsation of the blood could 'be* seen;, her hair nearly  auburn; eyes black as midnight, with long,  drooping lashes, so soft, so timid, that rose and  fell with your glance; added to this a perfect  hand and foot and a form exquisitely round and  full, not gross, and the description is complete.  I cannot tell whether the features were regular  or not. Even now, after nearly 40 years  have elapsed and my blood has cooled, I can  only remember her as a marvel of beauty."  Born in old Spain, she came with her parents to Mexico when , a child. Soon afterwards  her father died, and her mother married old  Sardobal, the uncle of Jose, then the principal  gambler of Sante Fe. He was one of the greatest scoundrels living, and was always ready to  use his macheta when there was a small chance  of danger. 1 have rarely seen since such an eye  as that of young Sardobal, cold, gray, passionless, and hard as granite; a sallow, pale complexion, with a haggard, dissipated look that  made his 30 years seem 50, and you have the picture of one of the rich men of Santa Fe in the  olden times.  Don Jose was very attentive and courteous to  me���������as my winnings increased so did his attentions. But his voice and manner were too soft  for those cold gray eyes; there were the terrible  claws concealed beneath the velvet foot.  I was at that age when calico and satin are  alike charming���������a sweet face, a pretty form, a  soft voice, and the clasp of a little hand would  make me in one moment pagan or Christian,  ready to'worship at any shrine, but beauty's  first. Is it strange, then, that I worshiped senorita Ermina, and was mad enough to have  married her if I could? Taking advantage of  the license permitted there, I had told her of  my love and admiration in less than 10 minutes  after being introduced to her. But now I had  talked more seriously, and had urged her to go  back to the states with me as my wife.  She seemed at first' astonished at this proposal; but, after a while, became grave, almost  sad, and for the rest of the night avoided me.  This was at a ball. But once during the night  she brushed past me and said behind her fan in  a whisper: "Senor. Giernio, you will not play  any more at monte, for my sake;" and she had  commenced dancing again before I had time to  ask for an explanation. She might have asked  a much greater favor with the certainty of its  being granted; !'yet if I went to the house of don  woman  thought   so  would be al-  "  he  an-  Jose I was expected to play; if I did not go, I  could not see senorita Ermina, and it seemed I  could riot live 24 hours without seeing, her.  The next day old judge Donnelly said to me :  "Young man, they say you have made a heap of  money at monte. Ain't you afraid of the consequences?"    ;'.- . ,.,������������������/������������������ : .   -  "What consequences, judge?" I asked.  "Well you have won Jose Sardobal's money  and flirted with his lady���������openly, too. If I  know that man he'll try mighty hard to kill you  himself, or hire some one else to do it. Maxwell's mule train will take you into Independ-  ence, Missouri, 2 weeks sooner than any other."  Just then a 1 it tie rustle, and senorita Erin ina  flitted past the open door. The judge, stopping  short, gave a little whistle. I wished to excuse  my seifand join the lady.  "No, you dont!" said he. "That cursed woman will be the death of you before you leave  Santa Fe."  I laughed and told him I thought death at the  hands of such a beautiful  most a pleasure.  "Other  men   have  not  swerecl.  Then, asking meio step over to captain Mar-  cyr's with him, he explained to that gentleman.  ���������who was an army paymaster-���������that I had some  $10,000 in coin, which 1 wished to give him for  his draft on the sub-treasurer at St. Louis. Just  then Maxwell came in, and he made arrangements with him for me to ride in his private  wagon in the train. All this the judge had done  without consulting me, in the least, and I felt  my pride had suffered; yet I was satisfied he  would not have taken such liberties with me  without some very good reason. So I thanked  him and went back to my own quarters to  pack up.  Late in the afternoon I took my money���������two  buckskin bags of gold���������from Read & Kincaid's  store, and carried it across the plaza to captain  Marcy's store. He������������������> counted it, sealed up the  bags, and gave me his draft for the amount;  then taking out his tobacco and wrappers (in  New Mexico cigaritps are made of Havana tobacco, with the delicate inside husk of corn for  the wrapper; and the cigaritos are never made  until wanted for smoking), he offered them to  me. I accepted, and was -making a cigarito  when a shadow came across the floor of the  tent. I had forgotten to say that captain Marcy  had erected a tent in front of his house, and  most of his business was done in the tent���������it  being lighter and cooler than the adobe house.  The shadow was followed by the person of senorita Ermina Arota. She was most elaborately  dressed ; and as she came in and gave me her  hand, said, with a touch of sadness, "Ah, senor  don G-iermo, you are about to leave us; and you  would soon forget your poor little friend Ermina."  "No, senorita, I shall never forget you. I  have loved you so that God alone knows What it  costs me to leave you."  Her eyes were full of tears and I was kissing  her, utterly unmindful of the presence of Marcy.  But he interrupted our love-passage most rudely.  "Pardon me, senorita," he said, "but I have  some important business to settle with don  Crier mo."  ���������She-glared .upon him a moment like a tigress ;  then turning again to me with her eyes still full  of tears, said, with a sob, " Adios, senor don  Giermo ; do not forget your poor friend," and  without a word to Marcy swept out of the tent.  "The she devil!" said he. "I went through  just such a course of love-making and gambling as you have done, and paid dearly for it, too;  only T won hundreds where you won thousands  of her'money."  I was  astonished, and asked for an explana  tion ; and  having  made  and lighted a cigarito,  picked up a chess-board improvised from a shoe  box, and placed it between my back and the  tentpole against which I had been leaning. I  was hardly settled in my seat before, a sharp  blow against 4he board at my back, with a  pricking sensation in my side, and a faint "Car-  amba!" from the outside, brought me to uiy  feet with a bound. To Marcy's inquiry of what  was the matter, I pointed to the chess-board  hanging to the side of the tent. Upon examination we found a macheta driven through the  chess-board, the sharp point of which had  pricked my side, while the handle remained on  the outside of the tent. When the macheta had  been drawn out of the canvas and board, it  proved  to   be  a   long,   slender,   Spanish-made  ��������� weapon; with a grooved ebony handle, mounted  with silver, and on the top a silver crown surmounted by a cross. On each side of the cross  was the letter E curiously engraved.  '' It is her work," said Marcy ; and taking the  weapon he measured the width, of the scar in  the palm of his left hand. "It fits this well,  too," adding "that lady has-an unpleasant habit  , of stabbing her lovers when they win her  money, and this scar came, no doubt, from that  macheta.-".'.  He then told me that in his flirtation with the  senorita one night he received this stab in the  hand, when the senorita, giving a,faint scream,  fled, intending to produce the impression that it  was the work, of .don Jose.  It was arranged that 1 should spend the night  with captain Marcy, and before I slept, thanked  God foi- the loss of "my castle in Spain."  The next day XJeft Santa Fe. After the usual  tedious journey we reached Independence safely.  From there home, to St. Louis was but a day's  journey by steamboat. It is not probable that I  shall ever visit Santa Fe again, and the pretty  senoritas of my day must now be old and ugly,  not unlike mvself.  NELSON" MEAT MAEKET,  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at railroad camps,  mines, and all towns on-Kootenay lake.  TDTTttTJSTG-   THE WIInTTER  (having   the   contract   to   cany   her    majesty's   mails)  SADDLE AND PACK ANIMALS,  for the convenience of travelers, will be kept on the trail  between Nelson and Colville.  EXPRESS    PACKAGES  promptly forwarded from Colville to Little Dalles, Trail  Creek, Sproat, Nelson, Balfour, and Ainsworth.  ORRAL-AND STABLJNG  also, job wagons and saddle animals.  0FITCE A_TD MAEKET:  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from $6.50 to $500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order,, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at.Canadian custom-house on the river.  wM3  ii THE  MOTEE,:    NELSON,   B.   C,   SATUEDAY,  JAWTJAEY  24,   1891.  Cor: Baker and Ward; Sts.  NELSON, B. G.  H.   8c   T.   M'A'DDE'  Proprietors.  Tlie Madden is Centrally Located,  with a frontage  towards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  'JL' _E__ _B       '__' ____ IE3 -T" i   H.,{  .is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  ���������Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED  WITH   THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Corner "West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY- TWO-STOEY HOTEL nf.'NJSLSOlSr.'  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  E  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OE LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  ''The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District."  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  Sl  mahoney,  PROPRIETORS.  The reputation  made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  FJTZSIJMMOXS   KNOCKS' .OUT    IMBMPSEY.  j       The battle for the  middle-weight��������� cha-rn.pib.ri-'  j   ship  of the  world   between   Jack  Dempsey of  !'  Portland,'Oregon, and Bob Fitzsimmons of New  j   Zealand  took place at   the Olympic club, New  j.   Orleans, on the night of the. 14th, and resulted  !   in Denipsey being knocked out in the thirteenth  round.    Long before .6 o'clock crowds began to  gather, and when the doors opened they crowded  into the building.    The men appeared in the ring  at  9:05  o'clock.    Both  were  in   fine condition.  Fitzsiin mons weighed 150;}; pounds and Denipsey  147.    i)empsey looked confident, and his appearance caused applause.    Fitzsiin mons looked unconcerned, and on appearing Avas greeted with  deafening applause.   Ex-mayor Giiilotte, a member of the club, stepped, into the ring shortly  after 9 o'clock and welcomed the visitors.    He  then introduced captain Brewster as referee and  John   Duffy  as   timekeeper.    Before   the  light  Dempsey offered to bet Fitzsimmons $1000 that  he would win, but he was not allowed to bet.  Dempsey and Fitzsimmons engaged in a friendly  handshake    before    time    was    called,   a 19:07.  From the start everything went Fitzsiinmons's  way.    He got the first knock-down, the first and  only blood, and won with ease.  First round.���������Fitzsimmons began with rushing tactics; at once, chasing Dempsey from corner  to corner. He finally lead but failed, and Dempsey countered on his stomach. The round closed  slightly to Fitzsimmons's'advantage..  Second round. ���������Fitzsimmons came up cautiously but'' soon began rushing. Dempsey  landed on his shoulder,'neck, and ribs. Fitzsimmons crovvded him into a corner and swung  for his neck. Jack dodged and caught it in the  ribs. To the end of the round Dempsey clinched  at every opportunity to avoid punishment.  Third round.���������Dempsey appeared tired. Fitzsiin mons continued rushing and fought Dempsey to the ropes, and won the first, knock-down  with a blow in the neck. Regaining his feet,  Dempsey rushed; but Fitzsimmons avoided him  and crowded him back; to his corner, pounded  his ribs,jind clinched. Dempsey then got a blow  on ahri^ar "and one in an eye, and was groggy  When the round ended.  Fourth round.���������Not reported. I  Fifth round. ��������� Dempsey was pretty badly I  blown when time was called, but managed to  get one in on Fitzsimmons's throat that winded  him, and the round ended with furious fighting.  Sixth round. ���������Fitzsimmons threw Dempsey  heavily, and the round ended in his favor.  Seventh round. ���������There was some terrific infighting,, with the advantage in favor of Fitzsimmons.    Dempsey -played for wind.  Eighth round.���������Dempsey camp up groggy and  bleeding, but fought savagely. He was driven  to the ropes, and received hard punishment.  Ninth round.���������Fitzsimmons landed often, but  his blows lacked strength. He forced the fighting however, and inflicted some punishment.  Hard fighting was indulged in.  Tenth round.���������Fitzsimmons rushed and punished Dempsey, who fought hard, but lacked  strength. It was plain that Dempsey would not  yield and would have to be knocked out.  The eleventh round was a repetition of the  tenth. Dempsey was so weak that he could  scarcely stand, and he went down often. Fitzsimmons had him at his mercy. In the twelfth  round Fitzsimmons forebore to knock him out.  Thirteenth round.���������Dempsey staggered to the  center, and went down with a jab in the neck,  and failed to recover.-..  Fitzsimmons was carried from the ring on the  shoulders  of  his  friends.    He is over 6 feet in  height, has a. very small head, short neck, narrow hips, and exceptionally long, crooked legs,  with   a  pronounced   disposition   to   be  knock-  kneed.    In ordinary street dress he looks like a.  lanky    countryman,    angular,    awkward,'   and  weak.    His   ribs  show  too   conspicuously,  .and  there is a narrowness about his chest that would  ���������apparently rule' him. out of tire prize-ring.   However, when stripped it is seen that lie has an abnormal wealth of-muscle'about his arms, legs,  and back, but is thin everywhere else.    His arms  are  phenomenally long, and give him a better  reach than any other prize-fighter, while there  is   no   superfluous  flesh   to   hit���������he   is  all skin,  muscle, and bone.    But despite his looks, he has   j  been one of  the  most successful   men who has   i  ever entered, the ring, and has never lost a. fight.  Jack Dempsey is the opposite of Fitzsimmons,   j  being 4 inches shorter, with the ideal figure of a   !  prize-fighter. He has a large head, is stoutly  built, has plenty of muscle, and is well developed  throughout. He has been prominent in the ring  a much longer time than Fitzsimmons, and has  won many laurels' and sustained but one previous  defeat. His wife insists that he must now  abandon pugilism, and he has promised her that  he will return.'1 to Port land and attend to his  saloon business.  C;itKAM    OF,   THE 'nWOflt'lJ>*S    NEWS*  Because of the ���������hanging- of an Indian 'boy "by the whites at  Ruby City, Washington] an outbreak is feared, and acting-  governor Laugh ton has been asked for military protection.  The froc-coinage-of-silver bill-has passed,the United States  senate, and it is thought the president will not interpose a  yeto. The Parnell-OjBrien conference in France 'resulted  in a coin promise,- by..which McCarthy is to resign the leadership of the Irish parliamentary party and be succeeded  by either Dillon or O'Brien. The Bohring Sea dispute is  likely to be settled by the United States supreme court, an  action being filed in that court on the 12th by counsel of the  British legation with the consent of that government.  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  NELSON, K. ���������.- ,"���������'���������','������������������  .PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  ,       of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  is  THE   TABLE  acknowledged   tlie  iii the mountains.  best  is  tzhiie] _3_^_.:e,  stocked  with  the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  TRAIL CREEK, B. C.  W.   R.' I'OUI/rON.i. .. .  l������KO!  'IIVETOK  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Creek  mining district, its .proprietorbeing/a caterer of experience.  Thec table will always be supplied" with the best of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with choice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure rye  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  DEALERS-IN  GKR, O O ZEJRIIE S  SUPPLIES FOE PE0SPE0T0ES AND MfflEES.  BALFOUR,  located as it is at the outlet of Kootenay lake, will  be easily accessible during the winter to all  the mining districts on the lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON.  Nelson,   25.  i\  Dealer in flay and Grain, and all kinds of Farm Produce.  CONDENSED   MILK,  SINCLAIR'S   SIOUX   CITY   LARD,  SUGAR-CURED   HAMS,  in quantities to suit purchasers.   Also, a, good corral  stable run in connection with the store  ill  id  I offer for sale my entire business interests at Nelson,  together with pack animals, teams, wagons, and all equipments. A responsible buyer can get easy terms of payment. N. HOOVER.  Nelson, B. C, January 15th, 1S00.  ^j.W  73?F������^S^^  ���������^.-^'���������ff^a^r 8  THE   MIFEE,:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   JANUAEY  24,   1891.  Main '  EEVELSTOEE  Railroad Avenue,  SPSGIT.  ���������WHOLESALE   _A_3S3"ID   ZE_~E T-A-IX.  m  I f  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  SMALL    NUGGETS    OF'. NEWS.  Nelson has now biit one justice of the peace, J..-E. Walsh  ,  haying sent in bis resignation.  .  Lot 6 block 6 has changed ownership,--William'.'Wilson  and Fred Richardson purchasing it from S. H.,Cross of  Colville; consideration, $325.  An excavating plant, consisting of barrows, shovels,  picks, and cooking utensils, can be purchased cheap by applying to J. E. Walsh, Nelson.  Beginning on Monday, captain Davies and the Midge  vvill carry the mails between Ainsworth and Nelson.  Having completed a trestle on which to run lumber from  the-mill" to the yard, the Davies-Sayward Lumber Company will start np their mills at Pilot bay next week. Mr.  Mercer, the company's business manager, reports everything in iirst-class shape for turning out lumber.  Getting too much of Sproat's good whisky aboard, a Si-  wash named Jim became ugly, quarreled with his wife and  attempted to kill her. . He fired 2 shots at her and cut her  on the wrists. The party who sold the whisky is said to be  known, and will be arrested. >������������������ '  Thomas Mulvey and Joseph Mellor have faith in Nelson's future, and proved their faith by purchasing lot 11  block 10 for $200.  Excavation on the reclamation scheme at the rapids below Nelson will be resumed on Monday by contractors  '������������������Selous & Lewis.  Although diligent search has been made by the people of  Ainsworth, the body of William Kidder has not yet been  recovered. Mr. Kidder wras drowned in Kootenay lake on  the night of the 5th.  Ainsworth will have a meat market as early imthe spring  as practicable. W. J. Wilson and'William Perdue of Nelson will run it; they will also run one at Nelson.  If Alec Currie and Juan Pluma keep up their record for  promptness as mail  carriers they will both be entitled to  tlie freedom of the "city" in the spring.   Alec carries the  mail  from  Marcus to  Trail Creek and Juan from Trail  . Creek to Nelson.  Indians now encamped at Buchanan's mill report the  river open from the head of the lake to Bonner's Ferry and  little snow in the valley.  Nelson's only midwife, mrs. Foster, is making a professional visit to Trail Creek:  It is an open question which is the handsomer residence,  A. D. Wheeler's at Ainsworth or Ed Coming's at Nelson.  G. O. Buchanan is the Erastus Wiman of the Kootenay  Lake country. ' ���������' .  Porcupine SSilly Makes a Prediction.  "The ice crop is going to be a .failure, sure,"  remarked Porcupine Billy to the editor of The  Miner the other day in discussing the agricultural resources of Toad Mountain district over a  tough joint and a small bottle at one of our  leading hotels. "I know it," continued Billy,  "for I saw a swan and a wild goose flying northward yesterday." The silence that followed the  finishing of the small bottle was broken by  Billy saying he believed he would go and  see his friend.'Van Ness at the Nelson house,  and put him on to how to manufacture'.ice.  Says Billy: "I will suggest that 100 empty barrels be placed on the" banks of Cottonwood  Smith creek, and 1 inches of water be poured  into each barrel daily. The water freezing during the night will form a solid cake of ice the  size of the barrel within 10 clays; then the hoops  of the barrels can be cut, which, will allow the  staves to fall away from the ice. The plan will  work sure, and I think Van will give me the  job of filling the barrels." Billy paid his reckoning and went off to broach the scheme to the  genial proprietor of the Nelson house.  Fine Cedar and a Fine 'Yawl.  In clearing the Columbia & Kootenay right-  of-way and yard at Nelson thousands of dollars  worth of cedar will be destroyed; cedar that  would be worth a farm back in Ontario. When  the yard is cleared, the railway company will  have room for a dozen tracks���������half a mile in  length on ground as level as a floor. If the Canadian Pacific does not do business at Nelson, it  will not be because of having a cramped yard.  ' A .'Prospector Seeking. .Information.'��������� .  To the Editor of The Miner : Please let me know  what is your subscription priceyearly and half yearly in  American money. I follow prospecting a good deal and  think your paper will give pretty true accounts of what 1  believe is an out-of-the-way country. I would also like information on placer mining, and the rules of your government as regards Americans prospecting in your country.  JOHN   REN AH AN.  Castle, Montana, January 1st, 1891.  The subscription price of The Miner is $4 a  year, $2.50 for 6 months, and $1.50 for 3 months.  American money taken at par, and glad to get  it. The Kootenay Lake country can no longer  be considered out-of-the-way, as it is easily accessible from the Northern Pacific and the  Canadian Pacific, as well as from Spokane  Falls by the Spokane & Northern. The mining laws of British Columbia make no distinction on account of nationality, an American not  being obliged to forswear his allegiance to Uncle  Sam to own ground. The laws are similar to  those in force in the United States, the only essential difference being a license requirement,  that is, before a prospector can locate ground  he must be in possession of a miner's certificate,  which costs $5 a year. There is considerable reputed good placer ground on creeks close to Nelson, prospectors being allowed to take np and-  hold 100-foot claims, provided they work them  continuously during the open season. The mining laws are liberal, and the courts "dead  square" in settling disputes.  Has not Even  Heard/ of "The  mcr."  I have been  To the Editor of Paper at Nelson :  trying to find out something of Nelson, but Cannot learn  whether it even has a newspaper���������that indispensable adjunct of a live town. If there is a paper, please mail me a  sample copy. W.F.BROOKS.  Fairhaven, Washington, December 30th, 1890.  Yes, mr. Brooks, Nelson is not only a live  town but a town backed up by the richest undeveloped mining districts on earth. It has a  newspaper which is mailed to subscribers for $4  a year, $2.50 for 6 months, and $1.50 for 3  months;  sample copies free.  Intend Coming to  Nelson  in  tlie  Spring.  To the Editor ok The Miner: Will you please send  me a copy of The Miner, as we want to see what is going on at Nelson. A party of us intend leaving here for  Nelson as soon as the Columbia river is open in the spring.  II. D. McTNTYRE.  Calgary, Alberta, January 8th, 1891.  NOTICE.  Notice is herebv given that application will be made to  the parliament of Canada, at its next session, for an act to  incorporate a company to construct, operate, and maintain  a line of telegraph from Sproat's Landing, on the Columbia  river, in Kootenay district, to the boundary line of the  province of British Columbia, together with all necessary  powers, rights, and privileges.  Dated at Victoria, B. C, this 12th day of January, A. D.  1891. CHARLES WILSON,  Solicitor for the applicants.  AND  AT  <I,ate Walsh's)  15 EAST BAKER STREET.  PosSolIice Store,  Nelson,  IS.  C.  AND GE1TTS' FUft_TCSIOTG Q00DS.  ALSO,   FULL LINES OF  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  ;al estate and mines.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   LTo. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  a        a      _  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C  (Branch store at Donald.)  DKUGS,  PATENT  MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  C8GARS    AT    WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt ^attention.  "  "    "       !j  ���������^ir.i::T'.jv���������;    *  ���������.."���������il������.iVi.A_.'������ 9

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