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The Miner Jan 31, 1891

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 / (s\. C.:v :��������� &-&*:������������������?  ' .   ��������� '    ' W  Only Paper  Printed   in the  jiootenay I^akc Mining .District's.  For Kates  of Subscription and  Advertising  See Fourth Page.  ���������NUMBER 33.  NELSON,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  JANUAEY   31,   1891.  $_ A YEAE.  THB;" .REPORTS     MS:     ND   .  WAY.   ' EX.-V������������ER:ATEIK  The reports  from  the Silver King are in no  way exaggerated.    The orein the tunnel is as  described in  last week's Miner.    The tunnel is  in   solid ore,  that from  the  east wall assaying  from -$200 to $600 to the ton in silver.    The face  of the timnel was sampled and gave a return of  over $100 to the ton.    There is  no question but  -.that the ore-body through which the tunnel is  now running is the same as that in the cross-cut  from  the shaft,  as  the shaft is  now not more  than 50 feet distant from the face of the tunnel.  The  cross-cut was over 45 feet "in length, with  neither wall  in  sight, and  the miners who put  in the last shift������������������ unreservedly state that the ore  , blown out by the last shot  was as good, if not  better than that previously taken out.    The ore  from the cross-cut was shipped without sorting  this fall, and if every man in  the country is not  a blanked liar its value in-silver and copper was  $411 to the,ton.    The Silver  King ledge Or outcrop is uncovered foi* nearly a mile, and many  ruining men claim that the big ore-body is not  in   the Silver King, but in  the Kootenay Bonanza,   of  which   the Silver King  is   the northwestern  extension.      The  correctness   of these  conjectures  can   only   be detern lined .-by work,  and  at present  the "work   of   developing   ore-  bodies  is confined   to the  Silver King ground.  Many claim that the Silver King is a "blowout,"  and not a fissure; vein; but "blowouts" are of ten  better paying uiirmig propositions than fissure  veins.   Anyway, the average mining man would  not even object tp being the owner of a "blowout" like the Silver King on Toad mountain���������-a  "blowout" with  millions of money in sight in  one of the healthiest, best-governed countries  on earth'!'- Give us a few more just such "blow-  outs," and the precious metal output of British  Columbia will exceed  that of any state in tlie  great republic to the south.  Later.-���������Reports from the Silver King this  (Saturday) afternoon are that the grade of the  ore in the tunnel is improving, samples from the  center of the face assaying 593 ounces ($(322.65)  in silver to the ton. If the Silver King was located in "Darkest Africa," instead ofin British  Columbia, there would be a stampede to the district in which it-was located. But being in British  Columbia it is taken as "a matter of course,"  and probably .riot an additional man will be attracted to the lake country because of the existence of the Hall bonanza.  Judicious legislation likely to I>e  Enacted.-  A resident of the lake country now at Vict-  ���������*'���������''  bria writes the editor of The Miner, under date  of the 20th:  i(By the issue of the Colonist of the  20th you will see that it has come out in favor  of ail railroads being chartered, no matter where  or how many.    I do not  know whether this is  supposed to represent the feelings of the Robson  government, but I think it doesof a majority of  the ministers, and the others are giving way to  the change  of public   sentiment.    The  royalty  clause in  the Railway Aid Act is probably already  condemned, and  there   is   no  doubt  but  that  it   will   be  repealed.-    However,   it   looks  now ay if none of the railways mentioned in the  act would be commenced in time to avail, themselves  of  its   provisions.     Mr. Abbott, general  superintendent   of  the  Pacific   division "of  the  Canadian  Pacific,   informed me  the  other  day  thai the Canadian Pacific would have engineers  on next spring to run a line from Revelstoke to  the Upper Arrow lake, a. distance of 28 miles.  Whether that is a mere bluff, to hold their- grip  under  the  Railway  Aid  Act, I  am   unable  to  .state.    The application for a charter for a railway from Nelson to the  boundary line will depend somewhat upon getting a moderate land  subsidy.    If  such   a  subsidy  would   secure the  construction of the road it should be given, but  not from lands known to contain minerals, and  the crown deeds should plainly specify that the  right to search for and win gold, silver, copper,  from  lead, and other minerals is not alienated  the crown.    Under these conditions, I think a  land grant wojtild not be obnoxious to the people  ���������of the Kootenay Lake country.    The opposition  and   the independents  accuse the government  of stealing their policy.    The truth is,   the situation of the  government is so  shaky that  they  are willing to listen to the  voice of the interior  constituencies and  legislate in accordance with  their   wishes.    Of course this is what the independents want, and they will make no factious  opposition   to   government   measures."     What  has become of tlie petitions on the royalty clause  and the 4-mile blocks ?   As yet, Kellie has only  received the petitions circulated at Ainsworth.  The mining bill for quartz, I understand, is approaching completion, and will be ready for introduction in the house by February 1st.    The  commission are reported as taking a good deal  of pain's, so that it cannot be changed much in  the house.    Its principal features are said to be  the  striking, out   of  the  re-recording  section ;  placing the examination of all   applications for  crown grants in the hands of the gold commissioner, who shall examine into the titles, surveys, work done, etc., and if all is correct a "certificate of improvement" shall then   issue,   entitling the holder to  his crown grant from the  land office;  making the recorders more strict in  examining into the location pFclaims, and introducing record books of conveyances, abandonments, powers of attorney, affidavits, etc., which  shall be entered verbatim for future reference  in examination of title ;   making the center line  of  the claim  straight, and  where possible the  side lines a rectangle, the end lines parallel.    It  is an unsettled question whether the taking, out  of a miner's certificate is compulsory���������2 voted  for it and 2 against 11��������� and it will be left to the  -house to   decide.      Other minor*   changes   are  .made.     Mill-sites to   be  purchased, instead  of  leased, after a certain amount of work is performed.     Everything  generally   is   made  clear  and easy to understand.    The Mineral Act and  the Placer Act will be distinct acts, but similar  in   certain   requirements.    The Irving-Barnard-  Mara    navigation    outfit,    in    company    with  Corbin of the Spokane Northern railway, will  build  a  steamer at Little Dalles, Washington.  It is intended to make daily trips between that  place and the Columbia river terminus of the  Colum bia &   Kootenay   railway,   and   will   be  about 150 feet long with plenty of power.    It  is   to   be  ready  for   business  by May 1st.    Mr.  Gamble, government  engineer,  states  that no  work will be done at present on the Kootenay  rapids in the Columbia river at Sproat.    This is  strange, for the winter so far has been a fine one  to carry on the work.    A raid will be made on  the  location   of  the 4-mile  blocks that include  townsites and mineral claims within their boundaries, and the lake people who are here hope to  make   a   winning   fight.      Weather;  mild   and  ��������� warm..   Flowers blooming in the open air."  Pegging' 'Away on the -Randy.  Although the northwest end stake of the great-  Silver King is within a few feet of the southeast  end stake of the Dandy, the discoverer of the  last-named claim pegs away at sinking the  Dandy shaft just the same as if he was surrounded bv mineral claims as valueless as the  t*  Texas Steer. Jim Fox seems in no way excited  at the good luck of his near neighbors, and is  contented in the knowledge that the Dandy's 3-  to-4-foot ledge is between defined walls, and  equally pleased in knowing that the vein matter  is ore, not barren dolomite. He has the shaft  down 35 feet, with 3 feet of ore in its bottom.  Water is still coming in, but in such quantity as  can easily be handled. , .When the mines on  Toad mountain are developed, the Dandy will  take high rank as a bullion producer.  Metal   Market.  On the 22nd bar silver was quoted at $J05������ an  ounce in New York and lead at $4.(35 a hundred.  On the 16th copper was quoted ar, $14.60 a  hundred.  OBJTSffE������E     PURCHASERS :   SM3X5J&R , RE     CAREFUL.'  The  mines0 and prospects   in  the  camps  on  Kootenay lake have a good reputation on the  outside.    In fact they are considered gilt-edged  securities in many localities ; securities on which  loans  can  be "negotiated ��������� at hotels and faro-  baiiks.    But all the locations recorded are not  gilt-edged, and those that are only recorded in  the    mind    of   the    negotiator   of   a   loan   or  party of the first part in a bill of sale are  utterly worthless. A case in point: The mining recorder at Nelson lias been requested to record a bill of sale of the Viola claim and forward  an abstract of title to said claim to Thomas  Hqran of Wallace, Idaho. In the bill of sale the  Viola is described as being located one mile east  of the Davenport mill and about one mile from  the Silver King. The consideration stated in  the bill of sale is $4000. The seller is O. Carter,  an individual well known at Ainsworth and  Nelson. A search of the records proves that no  claim by that name was recorded at Nelson, and  anyone with knowledge of the lay of the land,  knows that the Davenport, mill is" fully 6 miles  distant from the Silver King mine. Carter  knows the Jay of the land well, that is, if he is  our "cap" Carter. He also knows that Daveh-,  port's Poorman and the Silver King have reputations that will sell adjoining claims, as he is a  shrewd, if worthless, many Mr. Carter should be  "jugged" for his fraudulent practices, and the  authorities of the Coeur d'Alene country should  do the "jugging.1  )5  Mining: News from BSot  Springs Ris&rict.  There  is  little  authentic  news   to  chronicle  from Hot Springs district this week.    The ore  frqm the United is being hauled from the mine  to the ore-house at the'-'wharf, at Ainsworth.  The. haul is about 3 miles and the quantity to be  hauled about 1000 tons. The ore will be shipped  to the Revelstoke smelter in the spring. The  shaft on the Tenderfoot is down 46 feet. In  sinking small bunches of native silver are  'struck, which is considered a good sigh by the  owner, W. W. Sprague. W. A. Skinner, who  arrived at Nelson on Wednesday, reports that  grey copper ore has been struck in the United  drift.  Work Recommenced on the Evening.  The  tunnel  on   the  Evening,   a   well-known  Toad mountain claim, is in 137 feet and will be  extended some distance farther, a day shift being put on this week. The owners of the Evening are applying for a crown grant, and have  faith in the property. An eighth interest was  recently sold to a Spokane man for $2000. The  ledge variesan width from 5 to 12 feet, the latter figure being the width at the bottom of the  65-foot shaft. The gangue is quartz-carrying the  oxides of iron and manganese along with galena.  Moving, tne  Railroad Clamps.  0. L. McCainmon and  his  detachment  of SO  men are making good headway on the Columbia  ���������& Kootenay grade. The headquarters camp  will be moved on Monday from the 3-mile point  to the .'point at which the Mara, line boat is being built, about 1������ miles below Nelson. The  weather continues favorable for- outdoor work,  the thermometer getting as low as 23 on the  28th and as high as 38 on the 26th. The only  snow during the week being less than 2 inches  early Sunday morning.  A  (.old  4'fnim 'that  Continues   to Look  Well.'  A double day shift is at work  in  the Wild  Oat tunnel, the ground'., not being froze  hard enough to stop the seepage of surface  water1, but. the work of sinking a shaft from the  tunnel level will be commenced wilhin a few  days. The character of the ore, .remains the  same, that is, quartz, carrying free'jgold and sul-  p turrets.  tp.v.f THE  MUfEB:'-   NELSOE,   B.   G.,   SATUEDAY,   JANUAEY  31,   1891  G-oods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect Springs Mining District;  0^__IE_:R-~_r  PULL   LI_TES   OIF1  Drugs and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth.  AINSWQ:TO  THE'  dAJUBIiES^    OF    POIUPlSIf.  , *,  It was my good fortune to be in Pompeii not  long ago when three bodies were discovered under somewhat peculiar circumstances, circumstances that are no doubt in the recollection of  many. The three bodies were found within one  house;., one lying across the -atrium end of tile  porch, and two lying in a small room- next to the  triclinium.    The latter lav on  the ground, one  on each side of a marble table. It was evident  that these men bad been gambling before.death,  as two pair of dice were found on the table, and  on the floor . a third pair. These last were  loaded; and in that fact lay the romance of the  discovery.  It was late in the afternoon when I went down  with the foreman of the excavations to see the  new find, as he called it. The bodies were to be  left undisturbed until the next clay for the purpose of rediscovery for the benefit of some distinguished .person, who was expected to inspect  the ruins. Being a privileged person, from my  frequent visits to Pompeii,1"the foreman allowed  me; to remain alone in the newly-excavated  house when his duties called him away. In the  house itself there was nothing very worthy of  note, or differing materially from other Pom-  peian residences, yet, even when the sun was  sinking across the bay of Naples, T was loath to,,  go away. I sat down again for a few minutes  on one Of the dusty benches in the dice-thrower's  room, and for the twentieth time endeavored to  refashion the story of that last game and its  sudden ending.  The shades of evening must have stolen over*  my senses and tempted me to sleep. 1 opened  my eyes to see the moon full-risen over Vesuvius, while its light flooded the courtyard and  outlined the marble fawn that stood behind the  colonnade of the garden. I got up, and walking  to the door gazed for a few minutes at the  mountain and the irregular Goutlines of the  ruins, when suddenly I was attracted by a rattling on the table behind me. I turned again towards the room, turned to see a sight that made  my heart beat and my brain reel; for seated at  the table there were three men, two of whom  ���������were throwing dice.  It is a commonplace reflection that in great  crises of life we are apt to do and think of the  ���������most trivial things. My first conscious thought  on seeing the figures at the table was one of  surprise as to why the third man was present,  and I instinctively turned for an answer towards  the porch of the atrium. As I expected, the  body that had lain across it in the afternoon  was no longer there. This assurance that one of  the 'marvels that were happening before me  was in apparent consonance with reason, had  the effect of tempting me to see the thing out,  Indeed it was easier to sink down on the seat  that ran along from the door on the fourth side  of the room than to get away, for I have an  idea that, if.I had endeavored to move, my legs  would have refused to serve me at the time, although mv brain was now steadv enough.  Looking at the table from where I sat, the two  players were seated opposite to each other, to my  right and left, while at the far end of the room  and table, facing me, there was a. third 'man who  was apparently engaged in keeping a record of  the play.  In the few moments that elapsed between my  waking and sitting clown, there appeared to  have been a change in the light. The moon  still flooded the court outside, but our room was  apparently illuminated by the afternoon sun  shining through the canvas awning, that was  stretched over the aperture in the roof. This  light was sufficient to enable ine to make out  .'clearly the features and expressions of the players, and the style and material of their clothes,  which were -those of the first century of the  Roman Empire..  I was possibly for some time too nervous, owing to the peculiarity of the circumstances, or to  fear of being discovered, to take any particular  notice of the fluctuations of the game. My attention was suddenly roused and fixed, by observing a quiet movement beneath the table  made by the man sitting to my right hand.  From my position I Was enabled to see what  ���������would be invisible to his opponent, and possibly  also to, the man whom I call the marker, as the  latter was sitting close to the table, whereas I  was some feet away from it. "However, it  flashed on me at the time, and has since been  my opinion, that this man was aware of the  fact that one of the players was making use of  loaded dice : that, in fact, they were leagued together to fleece the other man.  Prom the Instant, then, that I noticed the  substitution of dice on the part of the man sitting, to my right���������the gambler, as I may call  him���������I became'almost as absorbed in the vicissitudes of the game as the players themselves.  I.'found from my intentness in listening and  watching that the Roman pronunciation, that  was at first a stumbling-block, became easier to  understand.  1 gathered that the marker's name was' Qu in -  tns, the gambler's Marcus, and Cains that of the  man who was evidently to be swindled.  Even if I had not been aware of the cheating  employed against him, my sympathies would  probably have gone with this Cains, who was a  fine-looking young fellow, with clear cut features, patrician bearing and wouclrously fair hair  for the south. His opponent had all the appearance of an accomplished roue, and the marker  was of the same type.  The game was played for the most part in silence; the few words necessary being the mention of the stakes, that were offered and accepted by a sign, while Quintus, the marker,  kept the record. It is not creditable to the  freshness of my classical knowledge that I could  not at the time accurately realize the value of  the stakes being played for. These values I  have, of course, since looked up for confirmation, but will only give them here approximately  for the benefit of the many who may have for  the moment forgotten them, as I did. The first  amount mentioned was decern sestertia (about  ������80); shortly afterwards the stake had risen to  centum (about ������807) on a single throw, and from  this the game progressed with variations of  luck, if I may use the term, until Cams was  some ������8000 in the gambler's debt. But it would  be wearying to follow the vicissitudes of.the  play. I had many opportunities to admire the  adroitness of the gambler's" proceedings,..as .he  alternately won and lost with consummate skill,  leading his opponent on by allowing him fictitious winnings on small stakes, and so tempting  him to heavier ventures where he was sure to  lose.   ,-  I   was, of course, ignorant of the   true  time,  but it seemed to be  towards evening, as it was  that will give  growing darker every moment, when Caius suddenly jumped lip from the table, with the exclamation: . " There, that's enough for me."  As he spoke a peal of thunder or something  like it shook the house and rattled the dice on  the .marble table.  "Bah !" sneered the gambler, "are voir afraid  to go on because Vesuvius speaks?"  " Afraid? No," said Caius, :" but for that matter I dont care for the -sulphurous smell, and���������  look at the black hess over the mountain with  the lightning playing around it!  ���������"We'll,"- growled the marker,  you light to play by; but if Marcus accepts your  excuses for not going on, it's nothing to me.  Here are the tablets with your losses."  "Excuses," cried Caius angrily, "who can accuse me of backing out? I should think that's  about enough to lose at one sitting."  "Oh, I daresay," said the gambler with a  nasty laugh, "but you promised me my re-  venge, you know." <  "And if I did," retorted Gains, "have I not  lost'twice what you did ?"'  "Yes," said the gambler, "but I played twice  as long, and would have gone on all night, lose or  win."  "Well, then," said Caius curtly, "one more  game: but make haste, or we shall be smothered by the ashes."  That final game made up a picture that I have  not seen approached by Gustave Dore in his  wildest flights. Indeed; it could not be produced on canvas in its rapid changes, and fairly  beggars description. The..whole sky was illumined by a dull red glare that: was brilliant  enough to bring out the  effect as they leaned over  a lightning flash to make clear the numbers on  the dice after each throw. In the constant rumble of thunder, or earthquake, or whatever it  rnight be, I could not hear a word from the  players. I could only momentarily make out  their faces from flash to fla sh, and read their  strained anxiety as one of them might win 'or  lose. But from the. first I knew the gambler  was toying with his opponent, for the semi-  darkness gave him full play with the loaded  dice.  The end came at last. Caius flung the dice  upon the table with an oath that I could gather'  from his expression but could not hear.  A deafening crash shook the house to its foundation, and a'shower of ashes seemed to .deluge  us from all sides.  '.When I could see and hear again the gambler was leaning across the table, and had seized  Caius by the arm. I caught the words, "You  say you can not pay me now; I tell you it is too  much to lose. When will you pay me? And  what shall I do. man, if you dont get out of this  cursed place alive?"  "Do?" cried Caius as he. flung'the gambler's  arm from him; "do you think I have the tricks  of a gamester', like yourself? Even though you  have swindled me, 1 will pay, if it be. my last  denarius."  What followed I lost; and then in a, lull in  the roaring of nature, I again seized the words:  "A good round e'en ties' buried in our tomb in  the Appian wav. Remember! the stone with  the vestal and the tripod. Now let us get out of  this hot-house."  "On your honor, is this true ?" asked the gambler-, as he plucked Caius by the shoulder.  "By  the gods!" came Oaius's .answer with a  figures with startling  the table waiting for THE MINES:    NELSON,  B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  JANUARY 31,  1891.  DO NOT USE TOOK MATERIA!  ., in buildings vyhen first-class  MOLDINGS,  arefor sale in any -quantity by the  NELSON  SAWMILL CO.  Yard:   At end of Fliunc in Nelson.  Mill:   Two Miles South of Nelsow*  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and'"  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above   .  material from us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in   any  part of Nelson.  CORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.  .M...S.  DAVYS,        .1.   W-'-'TOIiSO'^,'  ... .MANAGERS.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Lumber��������� good, bad, and indifferent ��������� on  hand or made to order.  G. 0. BUOHANM  Nelson, January 15th.  BUILDERS.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts,  AND  Will contract for the erection of any size wood building.  Plans and estimates furnished and bills for material made  Job carpentering attended to promptly.    Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, East Vernon street.  will do all kinds of  CLEARING   AND   CONTRACT   WORK  in and about  Estimates given on work.       Address, Balfour via Nelson.  bitter laugh, "would you doubt the word of the  last of the���������������������������?"    . ..;;:. ," . ���������  The sentence was never finished. As the word  trembled to formation on his tongue, a blinding  flash of lightning filled the room.  For   a   second's space I  saw  Caius  and the  gambler facing to wards me, one on each side of  the table, while behind them towered Quintus,  ������������������the'marker, a, dagger in his uplifted hand.  Swift as the lightning flash -the"-'blade descended twice, to be buried between the shoulders of his friends. Lifeless the .two bodies fell  almost at my feet.  A moment later the murderer's form was outlined between me and the door. He darted  across the court; but as he skirted the impluv-  ium I fancied I saw him slip and fall, all certainty being lost in the gathering gloom.  Dazed With horror, I followed him, feeling my  way along the pillars until I neared the vestibule and paused in drread of what I might find.  As I stood there in doubt, the moon came out  from behind a cloud and showed me���������not Vesuvius in eruption and an ash-strewn atrium, but  one new-swept and garnished, and at my feet  the crumbling body of a man who had died  nearly 2000 years before.  I knelt down and passed my hand gently along  the right arm to where the hand lay hidden Tinder the body; it grasped a dagger, and the discovery assured me that T had indeed been the  witness of this great game of dice in the old  days of Home.  Poor beggar! he had committed his murder  with the idea that he alone would hold the secret of the buried treasure, and that Vesuvius  would cover up the traces of his crime.  And so for a time it did.  As for nie, I rail at fate for allowing that dagger to fall before Gains had syllabled the name  of his family, and thereby given the clue to the  tomb in the Appian way, that still holds in its  concealment its centies of some ������80,000.  Secession  Ksitlier than Mara Domination.  To Nelson's  enthusiastic  politicians  who asserted last week that rather than see this district at the mercy of nrr. Mara for representation  in the Dominion house and its people the henchmen of the Canadian  Pacific, they would form  a small republic and run it to suit  themselves  ���������the only  hindrance   being the  sniallness   of  the population���������the following description of a  tiny republic in Europe should be of especial interest:    "About 30 miles from Oleron, in the department of the Lower Pyrenees, lies the hamlet  of Goust, situated on the summit of a high mountain.   It consists only of a few scattered cottages,  with a, population of about a hundred persons,  forming an industrious and striving community  who support themselves by wool and silk weaving.  Belonging neither to France nor Spain, the  hamlet constitutes a small, independent state,  under the government of a council of aldermen,  whose collective wisdom  has the force of law.  No rates nor taxes of any description are paid,  for the republic  of Goust possesses  neither a.  salaried clergyman, nor a mayor, nor any other  officials.    In  the neighboring parish  of Laruns  their children are baptized, their citizens  married, and their dead buried.     The cemetery of  Laruns adjoins the boundary of Goust and the  coffin with its occupant is made to slide down a.  Channel specially dug for* that purpose, as the  only road leading to Laruns is so steep as to be  impracticable for the conveyance of heavy burdens on men's shoulders.   The citizens of the republic attain a great age, and a goodly ii urn her',  of  both sexes are centennarians.    For centuries  past  the  population  has   remained stationary,  and their ancient manners, customs, and traditions   have   been   preserved   with' remarkable  fidelity.    Moreover, the tiny republic has a language of its own. a sort, of cross between French  and Spanish, and understood hardly anywhere  out of Goust."  <������irls. Hint Want.  <������oo<i.y-(^oori.v  SlusnaiHis.  The young ladies of Harrisburg, Illinois, have  formed a sort- of an  association, the pledge of  which is that they will never marry, unless the  young man asking for* their heart and hands is  intelligent, honest, industrious, good-natured,  clean in person and apparel, healthy, sober, a  church member, and a total abstainer from !  liquor, tobacco, and profanity.   The association,  it is said, has a large membership, and is rapidly  growing. There are those who believe that  there;-'will be a plentiful supply of old maids in  that section a few years hence, and we know of  one old bachelor in Nelson, who is knocked out  of the matrimonial ring by the ���������rules'of the association, provided, always, that his girl back  in that ''sucker state" town is a member of it.  BALFOUR  I have discontinued selling lots in Balfour for the winter  months. This will give an opportunity for holders to improve the shining hours of winter bv selling to their friends  outside. CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, 1890.  ; ..NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that an application will be made  to the legislative assembly of the'province of British Columbia, at its next session,, for an act extending the powers  of the Crow's Nest & Kootenay Lake Railway Company,  and enabling the said company to construct, equip, operate,  and maintain a line of railway from a point on the lower  Kootenay river, at or near its junction with Goat river,  thence to the Columbia river in the neighborhood of Fort  Sheppard, with a branch line to Nelson, via Salmon river,  and from the Columbia river by way "of Osoyoos lake and  Similkameen river to Hope; thence following, the south  side of the Fraser river to a convenient point for crossing  to New Westminster, and a convenient terminal point on  Burrard Inlet, with power to build branch lines not exceeding 30 miles in length. And that sections'(>, 7, and 18  of the Crow's Nest & Kootenay Lake Railway Company  act, 1888, may be amended by increasing the capital and  borrowing powers of the company, and to change the name  of the said company to the "British Columbia Southern  Railway Company." CHARLES WILSON,  Solicitor for applicants.  Dated the 11th day of December, 1890.  NOTICE. ~  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the legislative assembly of tlie province of British Columbia at its next session to incorporate a company for the  purpose of constructing, equipping, maintaining, and operating either aerial or other; traniways in West Kootenay  district, from the Hot Springs mining camp or any point  ���������'within five miles of same, to any point or points on Kootenay lake; or from the Goat River mining camp to any  point or points on Kootenay river, for the purpose of transporting ores or other commodities.  C.DUBOIS MASON, solicitor for applicants.  Victoria, B.C., 16th December, 1890.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application willbe made to  the legislature of British Columbia, at its next session, for  a private bill to incorporate a company for thc.'.purpose of  constructing and maintaining a railway from some convenient point on the outlet of Kootenay lake to a point on  or near the southern boundary of the province. With  power to construct and maintain branch lines, and also to  construct and operate telegraph and telephone lines in  connection with the said railway.  BODW^ELL & IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Victoria, B. C, 12th December, 1890.      __  _^_ _'  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the legislative assembly of British Columbia at its next  session for an act to incorporate a company-to be called  "The Kootenay Lake Telephone Company," for the purpose of constructing, equipping, maintaining, and operating  telephone lines within the townsites of Nelson, Ainsworth,  and Balfour, and the district between said townsites ; also  lines connecting these towns with the mines in Toad Mountain and Hot Springs mining districts.  BODWELL & IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Dated December 20th, 1890.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the legislative assembly of the province of British Columbia for an act to incorporate the "Nelson Waterworks  Company, Limited Liability," a company organized for  constructing, maintaining,-equipping, and opei'ating waterworks at the town of Nelson, West Kootenay district,  British Columbia, and for the purposes thereof, granting to  the company the privilege of taking water from Cottonwood Smith creek or the east fork of said creek, at suitable  places on said creek or creeks, with power,to build flumes  and aqueducts, lay pipes,erect dams, acquire lands, and  do all tilings necessary for the purposes aforesaid.  BODWELL & IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Nelson, B. C, January 10th, 1890.   .  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  tlie parliament of Canada, at its next session, for an act to  incorporate a company to construct, operate, and maintain  a .line of telegraph from Sproat's Landing, on the Columbia,  river, in Kootenay district, to tlie boundary line of the  province of British Columbia, together with all necessary  powers', rights, and privileges.  Dated at Victoria, B. C, tin's 12th day of January, A.I").  1891. CHARLES WILSON,   Solicitor for the applicants.  ~~ NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that all persons having accounts  collectible from the estate of John T. Pottus, deceased, are  required to forward me a detailed statement of such indebtedness within GO days of the date of publication oi' this  notice. W. GESNER ALLAN.  Nelson, B. C, December 20th, 1890.  NOTICE.  During my absence from Kootenay, T. Vincent Thurburn  of Baker street holds my powor-of-attornoy, and Mr. Saunders of Balfour to act as' my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms of the'land act.  CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, 1S90.  wm  In  SS_aa_������j_stte������_g_M!i_ta_ai8BM _  TEE   MINER:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY/ JANUAEY  31,   1891.  Trirc MfN'KR is I'Rtnted on Saturdays, and will be  mailed'to subscribers at the following cash-in-advancc  rates: Three -months ���������$1.50,,six months ������2.50, one year.���������$_.  (Jon tkact Adv k jrn sum ents vvi ll be i'nsertej> at tii e  rate of $3 an iiich (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  TliANSllO.VT-.-A'DVEIttlSEMENTS-'- WILL    BE-   INSERTED    FOR  15 coats a line forthe iirstv insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Tvvclve lines of 9 words  each '-make an. ���������inch. All advertisements .printed for  a Jess period than 'A months considered transient and  must bo paid.'for in adA'ance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  ; <>  BlKTil    NOTK'KS    H'liEE  IK   WEIGHT OK  CHILD   IS GIVEN ;   IE  weight is not given, $1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements willrbe, charged from ipl to $10���������according lo the social���������.standing of the bridegroom.  J Oil  PlilNLTXG    IN   GO.ID   STYLE   AT   i-WIK   RATES.     CARDS,  envelopes, .and letter, note, and account papers kept  in stock.- ., '. ���������'.,. '.;.       ���������:. ' , ���������',  Letticus to''til k Editor", will- only appear over the  Avriler's name. Communicati'ons'.witli such signatures  as ''Old Subscriber," ''Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not he printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters.'::   The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  EDlTmiiA-l*-   K.KHIA-E-R.%. ���������  To the Editor of The Mtner;  Numerous applications  have been made by proposed watCr-woi-ks companies and  other interested parties to acquire water from Cottonwood  Smith and Ward.creeks���������footing up an aggregate of some  1700 inches���������the Avater to he utilized for "household and  other purposes at Nelson. In ahcav of the question being  one of great iinportance to the people of Nelson,-> I am  anxious to ascertain their vieAvs in regard'..to it. 1)6'the  people of Nelson wish to retain these water privileges until  such time as Nelson becomes an incorporated 'town, and  thus haA'e exclusive control of the water? Or is it their  wish to haArc a -duly incorporated water-works company at  once, and give it exclusive control of tlie -water for a  period of 50 or 100 years? Tlie people of Nelson should give  the matter their earnest attention, and. forward their views  to me as soon as possible, so that I will be able to see my  Avay, clear to take decided action., Should they desire these  privileges granted to a water-works company, I wish they  Avould designate-to which of the pro]').oso.d companies they  wish the privileges granted, as avcII as the amountof water  they wish granted, and whether tlie water thus granted  shall be granted from Cottonwood Smith creek alone?  Furthermore, do the people desire to retain for the use of  the town the -water in Ward creek?   <  Victoria, January 12th, JAMES M. KELLIE.  Ere  this   mr.'  Kellie  will   havci   received   the  vest )1 utious adopted at a p'u hi ic in ee tin g held '.at  Nelson on the 15th.    The sense of that meeting  was that the water in Cottonwood Smith and  Ward creeks should not be granted away to any  water-works company, and a resolution to that  effect  was passed.    Today  if a  poll was taken  that resolution would be ratified 20 to 1.    The  people hope to see Nelson an incorporated town  within a year and the -owner of its own waterworks.    If the-water is granted away that hope  cannot be realized.    The water in Cottonwood  Smith creek should not be granted to any waterworks company, but  should  only be .acquired-,  under the provisions of the mining law.    Thousands of tons of concentrating ore are now in  sight in  Toad Mountain  district,  and  this ore  can    be   more   economically  dressed   at  works  erected on Cotton wood Sm it h creek than an y-  ' where else in,the  district.    The  future of  the  town depends entirely on the mining industry,  and the people of Nelson do not wish privileges  that would aid the rapid development of  that  industry granted'a way to any set of incorporated  speculators.    Mr.  Kellie, as the   representative  of the people of Nelson, should oppose-the granting  of the waters  of  Cottonwood   Smith  and  Ward creeks to any company, and in doing so   I  will be backed up by the moral support of the  people of Nelson and tlie free miners of Toad  Mountain district.   The Miner,, a paper without influence, has re- |  peatedly advocated the passage by the legisla,- j  tiye assembly of a general law tha.t would allow |  railways to be built as readily as'saw-mil Is-pi*  salmon-canneries.     The   Victoria   Colonist,   a ;  paper supposed to have the ear of the Robson i  government, also advocates such'a law, and in i  a long  editorial   says:    "There  are,   Ave  learn, j  " many railroad bills to be brought before the j  "legislature in the course of the present session.  " We   trust   that   the  assembly   will  give   the  ,"claims of them all most careful consideration.  "This country needs -rail roads to open it up, in  " order   that  its   resources'   may  be. developed.  " Sectional and personal, or even  national, jeal-  " ousies should not be permitted to stand in the  "way of the construction of the railways that  " are   needed.     The   rail way   that  opens   up  a  " countrv rich in natural resources'* no matter  "where it comes from,or in what direction it  .'���������.. runs, must be a benefit to the province, and if  ;" enterprising men a re will ing to build t wo roads  "where, in the opinion of some who profess to  "know the country, one issuffioient, let the two  "by   all   means   be   constructed.    This   is,   of  "course, on the assumption  that thev are to be  " built wholly by private enterprise.     We think  " that in the Dominion  there are too many ob-  " stacles placed in the way of -building new rail-  " roads.    Why should  it not  be as easy for a  "joint stock company to build a railroad as to  " set up a sugar   refinery-..or.a. cotton   factory?  " Our; system   admits of  too wide a scope  for  "private    intrigue    and    party    maneuvering.  " Those who are^ willing to0 in vest their money  "in a, railroad should have every facility afforded  "them.    The  promoters   should  not be handi-  " capped in any way.    If private investors burn  ." their fingers  let  them bear the pain as  best  "they may.    It is no part of tlie government's  " business to advise or direct them.    Its duty is  '' to protect them in their rights after they have  "built the road, and to see to the safety of the  " public, but where the road is to be built and  " whether itislikely to pay when it is built, can  "very safely be left to private enterprise and  "..private intelligence.    *;-. *    *   There are some  "who have a. prejudice  against  railroad  lines  " Avhich have one of their .termini in the United  "States.    They say that.the tendency of such  " lines is to take trade and money but of the  ���������"countrv.    But is this tendency not rather to  " bring trade and  population   and .capital into  " the country?    It must be remembered that a  "railroad carries both ways, and that if a road  " is built into a new country, it is the interest of  " its owners to do what they can to create busi-  " ness for it.    In  doing this they cannot help  " benefiting the country, and benefiting it very  " materially...    If the population of the province  " near the American  boundary were increased  " hftv or a hundred fold, and if it were made to  "produce  a thousand  fold '-.more than it does  "now, would   not   the  Whole   province   be im-  " mensely benefited ? '.There can be no doubt of  " it.    If opening up the province from the south  "will have this effect, let every encouragement  " be given to those 'who are willing to engage in  ," the work.    There is no fear of  the   province  " not reaping the lion's share of such develop-  " merit.    In. the east no opposition is made by  " Canadians to .railway'"extension to the south,  " and why should there be here?   Kail way de-  " velopment is a matter- of A'ery great iinport-  " a nee to British Columbia. ������������������'Owing to the con-  " figuration   of   the    countrv,    communication  " must  be  made  by railway or, in   many cases,  " not at all.    Let our legislature, therefore, deal  " liberally with bona fide railway projectors,"  Among the charters that will be applied for at  this session of the legislative assembly is one  for a railway company to build a road from  Nelson to the boundary line, by way of Cottonwood Smith creek and Salmon river, it is understood that a small land bonus will be asked  ��������� for���������about 3000 acres to the ' mile. This is a  small bonus as compared with the grants to  other railway companies, and its granting would  probably work no great injury to the people, as  the land  adjacent  to the proposed line is prac  tically valueless for agricultural purposes, it being mountainous. The ������������������construction of the proposed road Avouid be Of great benefit to the people of the Kootenay Lake country, for it would  give them all-rail connection with railway systems directly in competition with the Canadian  Pacific. It would give the merchants of Victoria and Vancouver a .competitive.' route by  .which to ship .'machinery and, merchaixlise into  the mining '-camps' in south Kootenay. But  while this is all true, The Miner is opposed to  the granting of lands to any railway company.  Railways are badly needed in the province,  but it is not good policy to give these/railways a  virtual monopoly of all the landin the province.  Let down the-bars -to', the. "rail way builder, and  aid  him  with  freedom  from taxation  until his  '������������������:���������) -  ��������� !* ��������� . . C- ,   . . . , .     <���������  ���������  road t^avell on   its feet:   but keep the lands, for  thepeople w'ho niake   business for the railways...-  The Revelstoke Star says "the expenditures  " for public .works in the line of i*oad making hi  " Kootenay district adjacent to Revelstoke have  " been very limited   indeed, and would indicate  " that this part of the district has '.-been sadly  " neglected.''   The Star states that while $10,000  has   been   expended   at  Nelson and  AinsAvorth  . ($5000 at Nelson and $4000 at Ainsworth), only  $1000 was  expended   in   the vicinity - of ..-Revel^ '  stoke.    Will the Star give a good reason why a  ia.rger amount should   have   been   expended'a,t  Revelstoke?  -What mining district is   immediately adjacent to Revelstoke to which  a road  should, be built?    Would the'Star'.-have- money  appropriated   merely   to   have   if   expended in  building roads oA*er Which a team would never  haul a load?    If we  mistake not,  the assistant  commissioner of lands and works expended hundreds of dollars on roads and trails in ,the upper ,  end of the district, that he considered as wasted,,  and  would  the Star  compel  him   to  the  same  Wastefulness   in   1S91 ?     -Roads   should be built  where they are   needed and nowhere else.      It-  is folly to demand  .appropriations for  a. particular locality merelv because some other locality  makes a like demand.    The people of the lower  half of the district do not demand a cent for any  particular road.    They ask mr. Kellie to secure  a liberal appropriation for the district, and leave  its expenditure entirely to the good  judgment  of   the   assistant   commissioner,   of   lands   and  works of the district,   and   that  official  should,  not   be  compelled   to   spend   'money   on   public  works that he knows to be utterly useless.    The  Star also  wants an  appropriation  for a   courthouse, and jail at Revelstoke.   The Mineb could  \yith as great a-show oi' justice a,sk for a like appropriation for Nelson, a town that is  in -every.  ' way. as ..important as .-'Revelstoke, and in a railway to outstiip its northern rival in everything  that goes to make  up a   live, progressive'.town.'  But The Miner is not asking for an appropriation   for public  buildings anvAvhere  in.the district,   the   present  buildings   being  sufrieieniiy,  commodious   until such   time  as the  center of  population of the district is determined.  Tlie Star is in favor of specific appropriations  for roads and trails here, there, and everyAvhere ;  The Miner is in favor of a lump appropriation for roads and traits, to be expended on  roads and trails that are actually needed. The  one is in favor of waste; the other is in favor of  rigid economy. The one looks only to its own.  immediate locality; the other knows .no locality  except West Kootenay district.  The press of Canada, in its effort to prove the  instability of the institutions of the republic to  the south, often cite  the corrupt;.pr:acti.ces of its  m  mSm  K������<4._if7rV  toggmBjjHI^BJMBIgHBIHIg^^ THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   G.,, SATUEDAY,   XANUAEY  31,  1891.  Dealers in Dry Qoofe Canned (roods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is full and comnlete in eveiy Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect G-oods  > . and compare Prices.  am Street, EEYELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  politicians  at elections.      While  bribery is. no  doubt, often resorted  to at elections in the United States, it is not -'unknown" in  Canada.    At  a recent election for a member of -the Dominion  house in South Victoria, a farming constituency  in Ontario, the Liberal candidate Avas defeated,  and his party now charge that the defeat was  brought about  by open  and  most 'flagrant, cor-,  ���������r'u'ptiori, at the polls.   The Toronto Week, a very  conservative journal and   one whose statements  can   be  relied   on, says:     "After   making very  " large   allowances  for the prejudiced sources  "from  which  the reports  are derived,   it  still  '' seems impossible  to doubt that  bribery '-.was  "rampant in the Constituency to a deplorable  "extent.    Pending the result ot the trial in the  ''- election court, which is pretty sure to follow,  " we can only say  the revelations   being made  " in these courts are a reproach and disgrace to  " our country.    We fear that there is little hope  " that such degrading   practices will  be effect-.  " ualiy prevented until both those who pay or  " offer bribes of any kind and those Avho listen  " to or accept them  shall be severely punished  " as dishonest as well as dishonorable citizens.  The Victoria Times  says  "The  Miner ' will ���������  "be astonished to read,in the ...Colonist,'.the gov-  " eminent organ, that mr. Kellie is classed as a  " ministerialist."    The Times is mistaken;   The  Miner is not astonished at anything that appears in the coast papers, the Colonist not excepted.     Mr.   Kellie  is an  independent,not  a  ministerialist.    If the ministerialists adopt the  platform   on   which   the   independents   stand,  would-'the Times have  the  independents jump  off and build a new platform, merely to keep up  a show  of their oavii ?    We  think  it  the dot v  of  a   representative in   the assembly to attend  strictly to the business for which he Avas elected,  and not to forming factions to boost this politician up or pull that politician down.    But, being so far distant from   the cultured people of  the coast, The Miner maybe just a little old-  fogyish in its ideas.  The   8*iil������lfi������;   ftlcctigig. at .Aihswoi'&Ii.  A correspondent sends the following' as the action taken at the public meeting held at Ainsworth on the eA-enings of the 19th and ,20th,  called for the purpose of discussing matters of  interest affecting the district:  "Resolutions were passed asking mr. Kellie to  try and secure a liberal appropriation for the  purpose of cutting trails through the Lardeaux  and Duncan river countries; asking him to protest against the government granting to the  Columbia & Kootenay Railway Company the 4-  mile blocks placed on existing townsites and re  corded mineral claims, as the blocks are located  contrary to the letter and spirit of the law ; asking mr. Kellie to use his best endeavors to secure the repeal of the royalty clause of the Rail-  Avay Aid Act. Resolutions '-we're also passed  asking nir. Mara to protest against the placing  by the Dominion government of an export duty  on nickel, as it would retard the development  of the nickel mines of the Kootenay Lake country:" -.,' ���������   .     -       ..    :-'--     /'���������:     ' '       ���������    ��������� "..' -  An Infant.--Industry llaBupered.  There are a number of young men and maidens sojourning at Nelson, among the number  are 2 or 3 who would wiilinglv join hands in  wedlock coiild they find a person authorized by  law to celebrate marriages. Under the laws of  ..British Columbia, ministers and clergymen and  registrars appointed by the lieutenant-governor  in  council  can   alone   perform   the   ceremony  legally.      While  the  lake   Country  has  living  within  its boundaries a representative of every  trade and profession, it has no meek and lowly7'  ordained teacher of gospel truths.   While it has  justices of the peace, assessors and collectors of  taxes, mining recorders,   constables,, and a coroner���������all the officials required to collect taxes  and examine the dead���������it has no official with."  ���������power to. make tAVO hearts beat in .-unison legally.  One of the great natural  industries of the country is being retarded solely because of an OA7er-  . sight on the part  of our public-spirited orators,  who  are so engrossed in questions like export  duty on nickel  and reciprocity, that do hot immediately concern us, that thev have overlooked  questions like  increase  of population, that do  immediately concern  us.      This   must be remedied, and The Miner respectfully calls the attention of'mr. Kellie to the fact that the lake  country is in need   of an  official.empowered- to  solemnize marriages, and that he use his influence to the end that a registrar be appointed at  once for that portion of his constituency lying  south of the 50th parallel.  A  tknXena ' jLedjse   Found   in  a   ISucliwfiMNit Field.  '"The.1'.precious  metals   are   where ��������� you   find  them," is an old saying, and they are sometimes  found in unexpected localities.    What is knoAArn  as galena ore���������that is, ore cany ing silver and  lead���������is generally supposed to be a native of the  mountain districts of the western portions of  the United States and Canada, and never found  in the farming districts of the eastern provinces  and states. This supposition is at fault, foi' galena has been found in the parish of Wakefield,  Ca'rleton county, New Brunswick; and that, too,  on a farm that was thought to be fit for little  else than growing buckwheat. An assay of the  ore. made in Montana, shows 01 ounces of silver,  $4 in gold, and 16 per cent lead to the ton. At  a depth of 50 feet, the ledge is .36 feet wide..  ���������Back   NumX������ers  of "Tlie Miner"- Wauled.  Twenty-five cents each will be paid for a limited number of copies of The Miner numbered  2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and ]0. These numbers are wanted  to complete files. Address The Miner., Nelson, B. C.  & CO.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from $(5.50 to $500. Hotels furnished throughput. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven Avire, hair, and avooI  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Ea^xus Bros, pianos and Dpherty organs.  MAIN STREET, REVELSTOKE, B. C.  NOTARX PUBLIC,  Mining Broker* Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crpAvn grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at AinsAArorth (Hot Springs), B. C.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   GROWN   GRANTS  Notice is hereby given that George W. Adrian, by his  agent, .Tosiah Fletcher,,lias filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in fa a-or of the mineral  claim knoAvn as the John A. Logan, situated in the Warm  Springs subdi\Tision, -Kootenay lake, which he desires to  purchase.  Ad Averse claimants, if any, are notified to forward their  objections to me within (50 davs from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, December 22nd, 1890.        _   _____  Notice is hereby given that John M. Buckley and Edward J. Roberts, by their agent, W. W. Sprague,' has filed  the necessary papers and made application for a crown  grant in favor of the mineral claim known as the Portland,  situated in the Warm Springs subdivision, Ivootenay lake,  Avhich they desire to purchase.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to me within GO days from date of publication.  G. O. TUNSTALL, governmcut agen  Revelstoke, December 22nd, 1890^  Notice is hereby given that W. W. Sprague has tiled the  necessary papers and made application for a crown grant  in favor of the mineral claim known as the Tenderfoot,  situated at the Warm Springs, West'Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their  objections to me within GO days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, December 22nd, J181J0.  "    APPLICATION   FOR   WATER   RIGHT/"-"  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take three hundred inches of water from-a.-spring of  water now flowing in three branches through my preemption near Nelson, in West Kootenay district, at "any point  from its source or throughout my preemption, to be conveyed across the land reserved by the government and my  preemption, to any portion of my said preemption or the  town of Nelson, where water will be required for irrigation,  manufacturing, 'milling, and household purposes: for a  term of ninety-nine years. .). 1). TOWN LEY.  _Nclson, October 22nd, I8f)0,_  APPLICATION   FOR   WATER   RIGHT.  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take one thousand inches of water from Cottonwood  Smith creek, near Nelson, in West .Kootenay district;  commencing at a point where the said Cottonwood Smith  creek first enters my-preemption or at any point where-it'  flows through or at its exit from my preemption or thereabouts, to be conAreyed through the lands reserved by the  government and my preemption to any portion of the said  town of Nelson where water-will be required for milling,  manufacturing, and household purposes for a term of  ninety-nine years. J. I). TOWNLEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1S90.  LWfl 6  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,  SATUEDAY,  JANUAEY 31, 1891.  i  !     f  j    1  i    i  CONFESSIONS    OF   AN    KNVMSH.,   POACHEK.  HOW   HE   PUT   UP  A  JOB   ON    A   GAME-KEEPER.  I conceived the idea pf openly shooting certain  Well-stocked coverts during the temporary absence of the owner.- These were so well watched  that all the ordinary measures at night seemed  likely to be baffled. To openly shoot during the  broad day, and under the,v���������^ry eye of the keeper,  was''now the essential part of the programme;  and to this end I must explain as follows : The  keeper on tlie estate was; but lately come, to the  district.    Upon two occasions when I had been  placed in the dock I had been described as "a  poacher of gentlemanly appearance," and "the  gentleman poacher again."   (My forefathers had  been estatesmen for generations, and I suppose  some last lingering air of gentility attached to  me).    Well, I had arranged with a confederate  to act as bag-carrier;   he Avas to be very servile,  and not to forget to touch his cap at pretty frequent  intervals.    After .-.making up as a country .-squire���������(I had closely studied the species on  the bench)���������and providing a luncheon  in keeping with  rnytemporary .squiredom, we. sta_^___d  for the woods.    It was a bright morning in7'the  last week of October, and "game���������hares, pheasants, and woodcock-���������was exceedingly plentiful.  c The tiring brought up the keeper, "who touched  his hat in the most respectful fashion.    He behaved, in short, precisely as I would have had  him behave.    I lost no time on quietly congrat- ,  ulating him  on the number and quality of his  birds, told him that his  master "would  return  from town tomorrow, (which I had  learned incidentally), and ended by handing him my cartridge-bag to carry.    A splendid bag of birds had  been  made by luncheon  time, and  the \aands  which constituted the meal were very much in  keeping with my assumed position.   Dusk came  at the close of the short October afternoon, and  with it the end of our day's sport.    The bag was  spread put in one of the rides of the wood, and  in imagination  I can see it now���������37 pheasant, 9  hares, 5 -woodcock,- a few rabbits, some cushats,  and   the  usual ''miscellaneous."    The  man   of  gaiters was despatched a couple of miles for a  cart  to  carry the  spoil, and a substantial tip  gave speed to his not unwilling legs.   The game,  however, was not to occupy the cart.    A donkey with paniers   was  waiting  in   a clump of  brush by the covert side, and as soon as the paniers were packed its head was turned homeward  over a wild bit of moorland.    With the start obtained, chase would have been fruitless had it  ever  been   contemplated���������which it   never  was.  I need not detail the sequel to the incident here,  and may say that it \vas some what painful to myself as Avell as my bag-carrier.    And I am sorry  to say that the keeper was summarily dismissed  by the enraged  squire as a reward for his innocence.  THE  END   OF  A  FISHING- EXCURSION.  But our absence of the previous night had  gone farther abroad, and the local angling association, the conservancy board, and the police  had each interested   themselves in our doings.  It was  quite   unsafe to  hide  the spoil, as was  usual, and home it must be carried.    1 was now  alone.    In the open   I felt comparatively safe,  but as I neared my destination I knew not whom  I should meet round the next turn.    Presently,  liowever,  it  seemed  as  though   I was in luck.  Every wall, every hedgerow, ever y mound aided  my going.    Now a clash across  an   open  field  would land me almost at my own door.    Then I  should be safe.    I had hardly had time to congratulate myself on my getting in unobserved  when a constable,  then a, second,   and a third  were  all  tearing  down   upon me from   watch  points,  where  they  had  been   in  hiding.    The  odds were  against me, but I grasped my load  desperately, drew it tightly upon my shoulders,  and  ran.    The  police  had  thrown  down their  capes, and were rapidly gaining upon me.   I got  into a long slouching trot, however, determined  to make a desperate effort to get in, Avhere I  should have been safe.   This they knew.    Strong  and fleet as I was, I was too heavily handicapped;  but I felt that eA^en though I fell exhausted on  the other side of the doorAvay, I would gain it.  My pursuers���������all heavy men���������AArere blown, and  in" trouble, and I knew there was  noAv no obstacle before me.    Now it was only a distance of  20 yards���������now a dozen.    The great thuds of the  oven's feet were close upon me, and they breathed  My legs trembled beneath  "Seize  like beaten horses.  nie, and I,was blinded by perspiration,  him!" "Seize him!" gasped the sergeant���������but I  was only a yard from the door. With a desperate feeling that I had won, I grasped the handle  and threw my whole weight and that of my  load against the door, only to find it���������locked!  I fell back on to the stones, and the stern chase  was ended.' f /';   .,       -  For a minute nobody spoke���������nobody was able  to. I lay where I fell, and the men leaned  against what was nearest them. Then the sergeant condescended to say f 'poor beggar"���������and  Ave all moved off. The fish Avere turned out on  the grass in the police station yard, and were a  sight to see. There were 90 trout, 37-salmon-',  morts, and 2 salmon.  A Climate that Cunnot Honestly l>c Praised.  A party of Nelson young men contemplate a  trip to Japan next winter, believing that a study  of the people and institutions of  that country  would be more profitable than the study of the  people and institutions of such towns as  Spokane   Falls and  Victoria^    They possess little  knowledge of the climate of the country, picturing it a sort of cross between that of Italy and  California, and will, no doubt, abandon the trip  if they should chance to read the following, by  sir EdAvard Arnold,  a  distinguished  traveler:  "Really it rains far too frequently in this otherwise   charming   Japan,   and   one   can   indeed  scarcely expect any permanent dry weather except  in  autumn.    Every wind seems to bring  rain-clouds  up  from  the  encircling  Pacific  to  break  upon  the  ever  green peaks of Nippon;  while in winter, so great is the influence of the  neighboring Arctic, circle; with its cold currents  of air and water, that Christmas in Kiu Shiu-  which lies in the same latitude with San Diego,  California, and the mouths of the Nile���������see the  thermometer sometimes below zero.    Except for  certain delicious periods of the year, one cannot  honestly praise the climate of Japan ; but it certainly has divine caprices; and when the sunshine does unexpectedly come, during the chilly  and   moist  months, the light  is very splendid,  and of a peculiar silvery tone, and the summer  days  are  golden.    For  this  the  tea-plant, the  young bamboo-shoots, and the other subtropical  vegetation,   wait    patiently    underneath    the  snoAvs; indeed, all the sun-loving plants of the  land have lurked, like the inhabitants, to 'wait  till the clouds roll by.'    Some of the most beautiful know how to defy the', worst weather with  a curious hardihood.    You will see the camelias  blossoming with the ice thick about their roots,  and the early plum-blooms covered with a fall of  '.snow which is not more white and delicate than  the petals with which it thus mingles."  .The Finest  Fart of East-Central Africa.  An English traveler describes Uganda as out  out of sight the finest part of Africa he has yet  seen.    The  climate  is  delightful, like an eA^er-  English summer; at night it is seldom  colder  than 60 degrees Fahrenheit, and in the day-time  only a trifle above 80 degrees.    Rain falls here  almost every night, and no day passes without  thunder-storms.    Grain is almost unknown, the  universal food being green plantains, which are  generally merely boiled.    The trees grow with  no attention, and each bunch is a man's load.  The natives are rather prodigal with the trees;  they invariably cut one down to get a bunch of  plantains;   but so extraordinary is the vitality  of the tree that it sprouts again immediately  and in  about 15 months has produced another  branch, and is then felled as before.    The people are an aeti\re, intelligent, but excitable race;  they have little or nothing to do for their daily  food, as the rich soil yields of itself all that is  wanted in  this way.    Uganda is a constant succession of hill and holloav, the latter being generally  SAvamps;   hence mosquitoes are a most  terrible plague.    The ground, when not cultivated, is covered with rank tiger-grass, stout as  reeds, and these seem particularly favorable to  the   presence of mosquitoes.    They  harbor, besides, wild  beasts innumerable and pythons���������a  kind, of snake allied  to the boa-constrictor���������of  dreadful size.    The natives are most afraid of  buffaloes, which   have a  peculiar  fondness for  plundering their plantations of plantains.    This  country is really a rich one, and might produce  anything.     Cotton, coffee, tobacco, are indigenous.    Every stone is  iron, and kaolin is in inexhaustible quantity.    This kaolin���������a stratum of  white clay below the red clay���������will prove of  great value-when the country becomes open to  trade. But it is not necessary to give any  lengthened description of such things. No account could be more accurate or admirable than  that given by colonel Grant in his "Walk Across  Africa." Indian corn is indigenous, as also  the sweet potato; but wheat and rice are only  grown by coast men. This would be an excellent land for growing tea and quinine, arid  many other valuable articles'.;, but until there is  some proper* means of access to the country the  soil and its 'many- products must lie idle. Only  English enterprise can overcome the difficulties,  although one great step is gained when-we. make  the natives' themselves alive to the importance  of a good road.  NELSON MEAT MAEKET.  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at railroad camps,  mines, and all towns on Kootenay lake.  (having   the   contract   to   carry   her' majesty's   mails)  SADDLE AND PACK ANIMALS,  for the com^enience of travelers, will be kept on the trail  between Nelson and Colville.  EXPRESS    PACKAGES  promptly forwarded from Colville to Little Dalles, .Trail,  Creek, Sproat, Nelson, Balfour, and Ainsworth.  CORRAL AND STABLI  also, job wagons and saddle animals.  OEFICE AND MAEKET:  NO. II EAST B;  Canadian Pacific Railway  0UK NATIONAL HIGHWAY. . ^  M  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  35TO   CHAISTG-ES.  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  S-ootciiisiy ILuke Shippers will be consulting their   oavii  interests  by shipping by the  G___  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every'Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  VAN00UVEK,  NEW WES?  VI0T0EIA,  NEW WESTMINSTER, o  fe I TOEOITTO.  ������    ST.   JP^_-T_TI__  AND ALL POINTS EAST.  Por rates,  maps,   time-tables, etc.,  etc.,  apply  to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D. E.  BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouvek, B. C.  AinsAvorth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Htc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on .goods At Canadian custom-liouse .on the riA-er.  "V������4-    Jl    TV, THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B. C,  SATIIKDitY,  JANUAEY 31,  1891.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B,C.  H.   &T.   MADDE  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located, v  with a frontage tOAyards Kootenay riAref, and is newly  furnished throughout.  \:,;::'fj}. ZE3I DE      T ^ IB X_ IE   ,;-  is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED  WITH   THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TWO-STOEY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and,furnished  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE   SS   NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OP LIQUORS.  WSVS-  HUNTER  J AS.  DAWSON  PROPRIETORS  "The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District."  Corner of Vernon and 'Ward Streets,  NELSON, US. ���������.  JOHNSON   &  Y,  PROPRIETORS.  The reputation made for this house by its former  prietor, J. F. WARD, Avill be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  pro-  WS  CREAM    OF   THE   WORLOVS    NEWS.  Furness, the Gladstone-Liberal candidate,, was triumphantly elected to parliament in the Hartlepool division of  Durham, England, on the 21st.  Andy O'Connor, indicted for murdering Canning, was  acquitted at Spokane Falls on the 22nd. Canning had seduced O'Connor's wife.  The trialtrip of the Empress of India, one of the hew  Canadian Pacific's steamers that Will run between Vancouver and China and Japan, took place on the 22nd. She  made..ll).?- knots(ah hour.  Harris & Rice, who conducted a general store at Burke,  Idaho, have disappeared, -leaving their Spokane creditors  in the lurch for ������5000. They are supposed to have taken  betAveen $.5000 and ������10,000 with them.  Jake Gordon and John Tackett, miners employed in the ������  Custer mine, near Wallace, Idaho, were overcome by foul  air in a raise.   One fell a distance of 25 feet to the tunnel  lcA'cl; the other caught hold of an', air.-pipe and held on.  Both were dead when found.  In a quarrel over .jumping, a lot "old man" Lewis was  killed near Wallace, Idaho, by John M. Harris. Lewis's  son Avas also shot in the cheek, and a man named Cook,  Avhp accompanied Harris, in the right arm. The lot was  considered of ho valued  Considerable anxiety exists in Montreal dry good circles.  McLaughlin Brothers have assigned* as have -Lindsay,  Gilbur & Co., W. J. Webb, Myer & Blumenther, and Michael Dagenas.   Their total liabilities will exceed $1,500,000.  At Grand Rapids, Michigan, on the 20th, John L. Sullivan stated that he is under a 2-year contract to remain in  the theatrical business, and until the expiration of the  contract ho did not intend engaging in fistic encounters  with Slavin or anyone else. !  The Indian scare in the Okanagon section of Washington is over.   It was caused by whites selling the Indians  -whisky. '���������''���������.  at  Wor-  George Bancroft, America's foremost historian, died  Washington last week. The remains were taken to W  cester, Massachusetts, for burial.  The comptroller of  the United States treasury department has refused to find the Spokane National Bank in -  '".solvent, and ordered it to resume payment inside of 40  days.    ._ .,.-' .;. .-.- i;  Forty-five' huh'dred Indians Avere fed on the 22nd at the  Pine Ridge agency, South Dakota, which is near the scene  of the late oonfict between the soldiers and Indians. On  the 23rd;, 4 miles from the agency, general Miles reviewed  his little army of 1000 men. The outbreak is considered at  anend. -"  ���������������', ���������- '-.; .-..'".'  Th.s great rail way, strike in Scotland is said to be collapsing. The strikers are reported returning to work on the  Caledonian and Glasgow & Southwestern railways. The  strikers still hold oilt on the North British ; with their  yielding the strike .will end.      ;  The latest ad Alices from Chili, South America, report  that the rebels have demanded the surrender of the city of  Santiago.   President Balmaceda is preparing for flight.  While the Irish leaders have been quarreling with each  other the "plan of campaign" has collapsed. Many of the  Kilkenny tenants, who have made terms with their landlords, allege that the rent which they placed in the hands  of managers of the campaign has been swallowed up by  the demands of the league.  According to official figures, Montana produced $34,814,-  955 in gold and silver during 1890, and Colorado $27,275,447.  On the 14th the thermometer reached 6 below zero at  Medicine Hat, Assinaboia.  King Kaliikaua of the Sandwich Islands died at the Palace hotel, San Francisco, last week.  Secretary of state Blaine has made overtures to the Dominion government for closer trade relations between Canada and the United States. ,.  Baron Hirsch is said to be negotiating with the sultan  for an extensive Jewish settlement in Palestine. The  baron is willing to pay liberally for a section of the holv  land large enough to make an asylum for the thousands of  Jews now being driven out by prosecution from Russia.  There is reported to be a discussion between Turkish government and the baron as to whether Jewish settlements  could constitute a separate province to be ruled over by a  Hebrew. Many of the Russian Jews have their eyes  turned towards Palestine, and would hail with delight an  opportunity of removing to that country. Negotiations  have been conducted with much secrecy.  Miles Goodman, an old-time California miner and pioneer on the Comstock, died at Virginia, Nevada, on the  13th, at the age of 70 years. He was a native of Bardstown,  Kentucky.  NcAxr in the history of Butte, Montana, was it more  prosperous than-now, and never Iuiac more men been employed. Nearly all the best mines are running at their full  capacity.  A more complete report'of the Fitzsimmons-Dempsey  tight than that published in last week's Minek says that  Dempsey. was really never in the.fight; Fitzsimmons punished hi in from start to'-finish. Dempsey was outclassed  and licked from the start, but did his best to win.  John Grant was re-elected mayor of Victoria for the  fourth time on the ,15th, polling' 833 votes to 42G for Alexander Wilson, his opponent.  The first through train over the line of road between Seattle and New Westminster reached the latter place on  tlie 13th. Regular trains will be running on February 2nd.  The distance between the 2 points is 157A- miles, and the  time will be about 8.hours. The Great Northern will op-  crate the road.  A notorious character known as "Arkansaw" was shot  and killed at Ward tier, Idaho, on the, 18i.li, by Frank Hyatt,  foreman of the Last Chance mine. The trouble grew out  of a gambling dispute, and was settled by the men beginning to shoot.  Senator Squire of Seattle was re-elected United States  senator for the state of Washington by a vote of 58, to 30  for Calkins and 21 for Carroll. Representative"Metcalf  claims to have received $500, and a promise of $500 more,  to Arote for Calkins, and dramatically handed the money  over to the speaker as  the Aote was being  taken in the  house. George Vest was re-elected senator from Missouri;  Daniel W. Vorhees from Indiana ; senator Tiller from Colorado ; Donald Cameron from Pennsylvania; and O. H.  Piatt from Connecticut. The New York legislature elects  governor Hill senator to succeed Evarts; the New Hampshire legislature dr. Gallinger to succeed Blair; and the  Wisconsin legislature general Vilas to succeed Sponner.  In Illinois the last ballot for senator stood 101 for Palmer,  100 for Oglesby, and 3 for Strceter; in North Dakota the  last ballot stood 20 for Hansborough, 19 for Pierce, 14 for  Miller, 23 for McCormick, and 9 scattering ; in South Dakota the last ballot stood 70 for Moody, 24 for Tripp, 20 for  Harden, 15 for Cross, and 34 scattering.  The Man of" Science.  I'm a mighty man of science, and on that 1 place reliance,  And I hurl a stern defiance at Avhat other people say ;  Learning's torch  1 fiercely kindle with my Haeckel, Huxley, Tyndall,  And all preaching is a swindle���������that's the motto of today.  I'd give the widest latitude to each agnostic attitude.  And everything's a platitude  that springs not from my  mind;  I've studied entomology, embriology, conchology.  And every other 'ology that anyone can find.  Fin a mighty man of science, witli my bottles on the shelf,  I'm game to make a little Avorld, and govern it myself.  KOOTMAI^HOTEL  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  NELSON, K. i\  SODERBERG  & JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid AricAvs  of both mountain and ri\rer.  THE   TABLE  is  acknowledged   the  best  in the mountains.  THE   ROO  arc comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  GLADSTONE   HOUSE  TRAIL CREEK, B. C.  ,'���������; W.  R. VOULTON.. . .... I'ltOFRIISTOIt  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Creek  mining district, its proprietor being a caterer of experience.  The table Avill always be supplied Avith the best of eA^cry-  thing obtainable. The bar is stocked Avith choice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure rye  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  STORE  THOMAS   & SANDERS.  DEALERS'IN  GKR O G iEJRIEIEB-  '������������������/������������������ .AND    '..'������������������������������������'  SUPPLIES FOE PE0SPE0T0ES AND MINEES.  KALKOUR,  located as it is at the outlet of Kootenay lake, will  .     be easily accessible during the winter to all  the mining, districts-on. the lake.  PRICES SEASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON.  Xclsoii,   Bt.  C  Dealer in Hay and Grain, and all kinds of Farm Produce.  CONDENSED   MILK,  SINCLAIR'S   SIOUX   CITY   LARD,  SUGAR-CURED   HAMS,  in quantities to suit purchasers.    Also, a good corral and  stable run in connection with the store.  I offer for sale my entire business interests at Nelson,  together with pack animals, teams, wagons, and all equipments. A responsible buyer can get easy terms of payment. N. HOOVER.  Nelson, B. C, January 15th, 1890.  \m  ^-'?Ti?7r^:;7^7r^  ���������J*''i '.I' /,  8  THE  MINEE-   NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  JANUAEY .31,  1891.  Main Street,  EEYELSTOKE  Eailroad l^renue,  SPROAT.  ���������V^JE_IOT_iIH33_A_Z___]   _^_._NTX)   BETAII  l-l!  h = ���������  n.  lilt  It)  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  Josephine;  AN    APPfiAX   TO- Sflfr- .lOfllN.  A despatch from Ottawa, dated the 22hd,  reads : "It is now reported that sir John Mae-  donald has definitely decided to dissolve parlia-  ment arid appeal to the country the last week in  February." Before the date is set for the election, sir John will do rhe people ofEastand .West  Kootenay a great favor, and at the same time  simple justice, by giving them a separate electoral district, so that they will not be includedHn  mr. Mara's district. That gentleman is not  looked on with favor by the people of the two  Kootenays, and to avoid an open rupture with  him they wish to be quietly set apart in a:  borough by themselves.  SMALL-   iVEIG.ttETS   OF, MWS.  ��������� ���������The-Great'Northern railway has established an office at  Bonner's Ferry and is now making eon tracts for clearing  the right-of-way. The road will run about 5 miles south of  the Ferry.  An East Baker street house of joy came very near being  turned into an ash-pile on Thursday night. The shingles  on the roof of the kitchen were ignited by a red-hot stovepipe; but before making inueli headway the blaze was  smothered by the dense crowd of stalwart-men that closely  surrounded the building.  In the last batch of letters of inquiry received at.The;  Miner office was one from a,Butte photographer and,one  from a Spokane market gardener. There is plenty of room  at Nelson for them both ; and if Nelson does not suit them  they can try Ainsworth or Balfour or Goat River or Sproat  or Trail Creek���������or Revelstoke.  Arthur M. Wilson has been appointed a justice-of .the  "��������� peace for Ainsworth'.    It is to be hoped that lie wiil accept  the office, as   the  provincial   treasury   is   being  slowly  drained of its  surplus in  paying for notices of such appointments in the "organs" of the government.  John McLeod came p^er from Sproat on Friday, and  reports good progress being made on the grade between  the present Sproat and the new townsite up the river.  Deer are as plentiful around Sproat and at Deer Park as  they are reported scarce in other sections of the country.  Jack Evans killed 5 in one day, and men at work full-bolting the Columbia & Kootenay track knock them over  whenever they run short of meat. The all-wise Providence  takes good care of his own, and just now the peopie oi  Sproat are seemingly high in favor.  The importance of the Nelson postoffice should not be  gauged by the salary paid the postmaster. By the addresses on the letters received, Nelson must either be a distributing office for southern British Columbia and northern  Washington and Idaho, or a sort of "dead letter" office to  which all letters indefinitely addressed arc sent. If The  Miner had any influence with the postoffice department it  won Id have postmaster Gilker's salary raised from $30 to  ������3000 a year.  Ward & Corning have sold 2f> foot of their lot on Vernon  street to 'William Hansen and Alexander Johnson: consideration $300. A 2-story hotel, 24xG0 feet, will be erected  on the ground as soon as lumber can be procured.  T. C. Collins loft Nelson this week for the Colville valley  ���������in search of horse-flesh���������one of his horses having gone lame  while hauling piles for the railroad wbarf. If Tout plays  in his usual luck, he will be "held up" and robbed of the  purchase money that he stowed away in his sock when he  left town.  The keelsons are in the new Mara line steamboat. The  planking for the hull and the lumber for the decks will be  sawed, and will be placed under cover as soon as rafted  down to the shipyard. Part of the finishing: lumber for the  cabins is cut and planed, and .mr. Tolson of the Nelson  Sawmill Company expects to have the whole bill filled in  good time.    His mills are running day and night���������-the sawmill by day and the,planing-mill by night.  James McMillan & Co., the hide and fur firmrof Minneapolis, Minnesota, had a representative at Nelson this  week. The.Wilsons tried to sell him 470 Al dry hides, but  the price offered .'.was just'a shade low.        '       "  R. .I_. Cawstou, one of British Columbia's best known  cattlemen, arrived at Nelson on Friday from his ranch on  the SimMkameen. He reports the cattle in fine condition  in his section of country, as the weather has been very  mild so far this winter. The beef cattle consumed in the  lake country come, mainly, from the range in that section  of the province, and mr. Cavyston is afraid that the projected railroads, if built, will be the means of spoiling a  mighty line cattle country.  Boating on the lake is not as pleasant an exercise as it  is generally thought co be���������especially if the wind is a head  one. W. A. Skinner of Ainsworth started for Nelson in a  rowboat one day this week and encountered'a. strong head  wind on the outlet. When 6 miles from Nelson he became  so benumbed an.cramped that he had to abandon the boat  andfoot it along.the shore to.town:  A report is.in circulation that word has been received  from dr. Hendryx that he would despatch the Galena from  her landing for Nelson and Ainsworth by the loth of February���������provided the good weather continued. The road  between the Ferry and Kootenay station is reported almost  impassable.  The Lord willing, there will be a public meeting at Lemon's hall on Monday night.  .Subjects:   "The appointment  of a night watchman at Nelson," and the advertisement of  ���������Toad.Mountain district."   All orators of good repute are  cordially invited to be present.  Although over 4000 feet above Nelson, the. great Silver  King mine and its end partner, the Dandy, are easily  reached this winter, the trail being in good condition. At  these mines the snow is not over "6h feet deep.  Butterflies and barefooted Indians in md winter! Yet  Nelson is not in southern California, nb'V is it "on the  coast;" but it is within 7 miles of the r.chest surface-  developed mine on earth.  Ten men arc at work on the reclamation excavation below Nelson, and mr. Selouvone of the contractors, states  that others-will be put on as soon as they can be worked  to advantage.  Progress is the order of the day! Hamber & Thynne, a  Nelson and Vancouver firm of .real..estate dealers, have  taken in a partner, and the firm is -now "Hamber, Thynne  & Henshaw, manufacturers' agents; iron, steel, and  metals; railway specialties."  Tfi_e Indlais ISirtk-riite Ister^asaii^.  A band of Kootenay  Indians arrived at Nelson during the week from  the neighborhood of  the boundary line, and are  now encamped on  the fiat near the-mouth of Cottonwood Smith  creek. They report game scarce on the Kootenay, deer and cariboo keeping high up on the  mountains on account Of the light fall of snow.  The Indians are a 11 "broke," one old buck remarking : "Indians pretty hard up. No game.  Only 1 dead and 10 born-.since'we. loft Nelson in  the fall." They are luxuriating on choice morsels fished from hotel swill barrels, and to all  appearances are as contented with their lot as  if. they were the owners of the Silver King.  Itolayccl lyy 5xn_>ci*-cct Castings.  Owing  to  the   heavy  castings   requiring   re-  boring and many of the rods re-threading work  on the railway bridge across the Kootenay has  progressed rather slowly tor the past 10 days.  No difficulty, was had in putting in the lower  cords oh the 200-foot span, and it is expected  that better headway will be made from this time  on. Contractor McGiliivray is expected in next  week, when work will probably be started on  the railroad wharf at Nelson.  AND  AT  Otatc Walsh's)  15 EAST BAKER STREET.  Postoffice Store, Nelson,  IS. ���������.  AND QENTS' rUBNISHING- GOODS.  ALSO,  FULL LINES OF  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. .0.  Main Street, Revelstoke, 13. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DEUaS,   PATENT  MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  CIGARS    AT   WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  $&  ^hOs?

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