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The Miner Feb 7, 1891

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 ffl������.������hV*f^t������WSl337n^^  '','-;.-/  ���������y. .<���������������������������<��������������� -,"'  /,���������-/'    r'"  .V' . .,���������' #���������     ���������������������������*  Only Pao.er  .���������'.Printed   in the  Kootenay JLake Min������  in % districts.  ��������� ..   For: Kates   '���������-,���������;.'  of' Subscription.' and  Advertising  See ''Fourth'  Page.'.  NUMBER 3������  NELSON,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,   FEBRUARY   7,   1891.  $4 A YEAR.  .TSIE    MBNB3Ifc.il,,  IN    SS������3IT.  OX'-���������t6A8V.';'������EOIIXTAB>''.'  A m in in g man well post.ee I on th e hi in i ng d is-  triets in Washington dropped in at The Miner  office this week to take a look at the latest speci-  .liiens of ore from the Silver"K-irig. Picki ng up  Tpiei^of $500 peacock copper ore he quietly remarked : "Why, if these Okanagon and...C61-  ville claim boomers had a hundred tons of ore  like this in sight they would go wild. They  would herald to the four corners of the earth  that the richest mines in existence were in their  camps.    From what 1 have seen   there is more  .. mineral in sight on the surface of -the. Kootenay.  V Bonanza.���������to say nothing of what id said to be  .   uncovered on  the Sil ver King--than there is in  all the rnines and claims in   the Okanagon and  Oolville countries put together.   Mind you, I am  not decrying  the   merits  of the camps  to the  south;   I   am   merely making a',' comparison between the methods adopted by the claim-owners  of the two countries.    Here in British Columbia  the owner of  a   prospect that shows up like a  mine   will quietly ask  mine  figures for   it, but  make  no" effort to-sell it on the outside.    Over  in   Washington, the owner of a -.mere prospect  will place its selling price in the thousands, and  for every dollar expended in  development work  will expend another dollar trying to rope in out-'  side  buyers on  whom to mi load."    Continuing,  the mining man said:    "I have carefully examined the  surface; indications on  the Kootenay  Bonanza ground, and I predict that one of. the  largest   bodies   of  ore -ever..'discovered'"���������will be  found irt'that claim.    It is, in my op in ion i a,; far  more  valuable /property than  the Silver King.  The surface ore  is of  higher  grade than   that  from the Silver King, and runs more evenly in  value.    If the Kootenay Bonanza, Silver King,  Dandy, Grizzly Bear, and Iroquois  claims were  located  in  districts   I   know   of  in   the  United  States, Butte, Montana, would soon have a rival  for the^ honor of being the greatest  quartz mining camp in the w'o'rld."  While the above mav sound like the utterari-  ces of a boomer, they are the words of a. man  who has not a single interest on Toad mountain.  He may be mistaken in his estimates; but he  certainly has carefully examined the ground for  which he predicts so great 'a.-future.' The tunnel  in the Silver King was advanced the average  distance during the week, the ore. continuing  hard, 3 to 4 drills being dulled to the inch of  hole. Assays as high as $S100 were obtained on  Wednesday from ore taken from the face of the  tunnel.    It is estimated that the shaft is  now  : distant about 45 feet from the tunnel face.  The Independents the ISahuicc Wheel.  G. B. Wright writes The Miner from Victoria, under date of January 27th: "The existence  of  the  independent party creates  a  new   I  legislative -atmosphere in the present house, and.' ������������������!  I think will materially benefit the character of  the acts introduced by the government, .and also  have a tendency to cut off the wordy debates  which have in former .-.sessions, taken place on  matters of small importance. Although the  government and opposition papers both criticize?  them freely, yet they evidently look upon them  as the balance wheel of the house. So far, they  Stick together. About appropriations, nothing  has yet turned up."  Fire  at Sprout.  A business man of Nelson, who is known from  the summit of the Rockies to the skirts of the  Pacific and from the Big Bend of the  Columbia  to the sand plains of Spokane, has lately devoted  much time to the study of subjects pertaining  to fires, their prevention and extinguishment.  He has made so much progress that he now considers himself an authority on the operation of  fire on inflammable substances. Not being  quite sure as to the relative value of a night  watchman as against a hand grenade in quench  ing an incipient -conflagration, he concluded to  make a. tour of neighboring cities, with the view  of consulting the; chiefs- of their*-"fire -..depart--  merits. .-'Being'nothing if not energetic, he was  Soon on his way to Sproat. On aniving at that  river metropolis, where he is well acquainted^ he  had little difficulty in finding the chief of the  town's brigade for the suppression of all fiery elements. They at once adjourned to the chief's  private quarters, and while deep in the discussion of the subject nearest his heart, the Nelson  man heard ah alarm of fire. Not wishing to  dally with words and phrases when a practical  illustration was near at hand, he jumped for the  door���������only to find it securely fastened. The  boys of Sproat, on hearing that the Nelson man;  was in consultation with their darling chief, had  tied the door with a rope, then yelled " Fire!"  as if every house in the place was ablaze.  The only damage done was to the Nelson man's  pocket book, as he had to "set them up" for the  hoys repeatedly.  KONIJS : COIII PiiETB.-'KKlillCTION'' WORKS. .;  THE".   iAKS     ���������OUNTfiS,Y   A    COIJtfTUiY ' ',OP������.'. MBKITv  The legislative assembly has appointed a select  committee, composed of messrs. Rogers, Grant,  Smif hi, Cotton, and K.ellie, to devise ways and  .means and suggest recommendations to encourage and promote the rapid development of the  dormant mineral resources of the province. In  the past liberal bonuses have been granted to aid  in building smelters and reduction works in sections of the province either remote from the districts containing mineral or in districts where  the mineral was of ctoiibtfuivaluer In-.'granting  these bonuses the government had but a single  ! object in view, that is, helping the quartz mining indiistrv. -While the bonus 'granted, the  "Vancouver smelter was not paid over because of  the faulty construction of the plant, the reduction works in Cariboo district have been a bill of  expense to the province. Other smelters have  been erected, but at points where town lots  would be likely to yield a greater revenue than  ore reduction. What the province needs, now  that its lead ores must be treated at home, is a  complete plant for reducing and refining ores  and bullion. A subsidy in money would hasten  the building of such works, which would be of  great benefit to the mining industry���������provided  always, that the works were erected at a point  close to productive mines.  Track-Laying will not I>e l>claye<l.  The bottom cords of all. tlie spans of the railway bridge across the Kootenay will be in position this-week, and if further delays are not  caused by imperfect castings and misfit rods the  superstructure will  be in   position long   before  there is steel   on the  ground to resume track-  laying.   Reefer's grading camps ..are now located  a mile and a half below Nelson, and as the men  are. able to work 10 hours a day, more rapid pro-   |  gress will be made in skimming the rough points   :  from the'rock bluffs that extend from the 3-mile   j  point up to within a mile of Nelson.    The tim-   |  ber for the railroad wharf is cut, and  part of it   I  hauled to the bank of the river, where it. will be  made info a raft and towed  down to  the wharf  site.    The work of driving the piles will be commenced as soon as a, pile-driver can be rigged up.  Over 100,000 feet of lumber will be'used in constructing the. wharf.  Prospecting <>������  the  Worth'Side  of the Kootenay.  A party left Nelson today for the .head of  Grohman creek, to prospect the large ledges  that are there exposed. The formation is granite, the. ledge 'matter quartz carrying galena.  The district is on the north side of the Kootenay,  and not more than 4 miles distant from Nelson.  Silver.  In New York, on .Iannary 26th, bar silver was  quoted at $1.03g an ounce.  The people of the Kootenay, Lake country  should have no hesitancy in inviting outside  capitalists, miners,. mechanics, speculators, and  business and"professional men to take a. hand in  developing the resources of its several districfs.  While the mineral -'.resources are the basis on  which the growth of the country mainly depend, there are other enterprises the development of which must of necessity be carried on at  the  same  time with  that of  mining.    Mining  can not successfully be carried on in British Columbia -'...without reduction works, and reduction  works without the -production of fuel; neither  can be carried on without ti ruber;,, 'much of it;  manufactured. Along with redwetion works  and '.-'-'saw mills and hoisting works will  come foundries and rriachine shops���������possibly  not extensive plants but large enough to give  employment to a hundred or so skilled and unskilled workmen.'., The men engaged in these  various enterprises .will be large consumers of  produce, and in the lake country are many fertile spots awaiting intelligent industry to.  turn them into productive and profitable mar*  ket gardens. All these count, and it cannot be  denied that it is better for a people to produce  what they need at hoine rather than purchase  the foreign product.  Have we the foundation on which to upbuild  these industries? The question can now have-  but one answer. The Blue Bell at Hendryx is-  pronounced a. mine by thoroughly competent  mining men ; the surface indications of mines  inHotSprihgs district cannot be disputed ; the  fact thai, thousands of tons of ore are exposed in  Toad Mountain district is the best evidence that  can be presented as to its merits; that Goat  River has claims that prospect well has been  demonstrated by actual work ; and, although  not in the lake country, Trail Creek district pror  mises to be second in importance: to'but .few in ���������  the province. Additional evidence is the fact  that the country has produced and shipped  .ore and gold dust and bullion in the , aggregate a sum equal to the sum expended in ore  extraction and development work.  'Taking .Precautions  to  Prevent Fires.  It is not always best to wait until visited by a  good-sized fire before taking precautions to prevent such a calamity.    So far the people of Nelson have been lucky in having suffered no loss  whatever from  fires; and, apparently, they do  not intend to in the future.   When they agree  on any work that is for the good of the commii-  nity, they do not sit down and ask the government to *do it. for them, but  turn  in and doit  themselves.    At  their last public meeting they  decided   to   bring  water  from   Ward   creek   to  tanks on  Baker and Vernon streets, the  tanks  to be built bv the'owners.of'adjacent buildings.  The   work will, cost   fully  $1000,  but when  the  projected work is completed an ample supply of  water will be -available should.a fire break out  anywhere in the business part, of the town.  Tin?  East  Baker street tank will  have a capacity of  7000 gallons, and   is already under'way.    About  a quarter of a mile of -flaming will be required to'  conduct the water from Ward creek.  No   flee   in  the Kootenay or Snow  ia   the  Valley.  Last week captain Da.vies of tlie Midge made  a, round trip between Nelson and his ranch on  Kootenay river, 6 miles north of the boundary  line, lie reports having no difficulty in making  the trip, as nothing but skim ice was encountered in'the river. There was no snow at Ryk-  ert's custom-house and little reported In the valley through to Bonner's Ferry. Grohman's  colonization surveyors, in charge of Thomas  McVittie, were at work near tlie head of the  lake, surveying the land that mr. Grohman's  company expects to acquire title to after it is  reclaimed from overflow.  S&3  MM*���������^^ ���������THE  MINEE:    EPLSQN,   B.   0.,   SATUBDAY,   PEBKUAKY  7,   1891.  Goods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Springs Mining District  (D^ttJEL^Sr   ^TJTJL.JL,   LIISTES   OIB1  MINERS' SUPPLIES,  STAPLE GROCE  : ��������� : MEN'S FUR  IRON AND STEEL.  DOTS AND S  Drags and Cigars in stock at Ains^orth.  AIMWOETH, B. 0., and EEYELSTOKE, B. 0.  IfflHAN  KAKBAKITY   AGAINST   WHITE   STRATEGY.  damage  John Campbell, who in the 50's was a freighter  to I he Indian country and ah xipper Missouri  river boatman, says he has witnessed, several incidents wherein savage barbarity was pitted  against the white man's strategy. In each instance the savages were paid back in a more  than decimally increased ratio for the  "done.;- -.'',  One case occurred in the vicinity of old Fort  Boise, on the upper Missouri, in 1852.    Indians  had done great injury to a man named James  Beckwith.    They gloated over what  they had  done.    They w7ere large in number, the whites  were small, and for business and other reasons  it was deemed -impossible to wage open warfare.  The  situation, however,  was  such  that it was  deemed best to curtail the power of the Indians,  as they were insolent and threatening.    Beckwith went down  the Missouri river to a place  where smallpox existed.    He obtained smallpox  virus in a form that could be easily transported.  One story was that he carried the poison in an  air-tight canister-like arrangement.    When  he  reached his destination he infected some clothing, which was immediately put in possession of  the Indians, so that the poisonous germs of the  smallpox, which are short lived, would not lose  their efficacy.    The result was that the epidemic  broke  out  and  increased to  a pestilence. <   in  more than 50 per cent of the cases the disease  assumed   the  confluent   and   the  hemorrhagic  forms, and the fatality was not far from 100 per  cent.    In their delirium scores ran to the river,  and death was thus accelerated in its approach.  The white men shut themselves up in what was  called the old fort, a large abandoned structure,  a large part of which was made of frame.    Here  the Indians, pestilence stricken, flocked.    They  humbly came to the white man, whom they had  so recently abused  and  exulted  over in  their  brutal, savage way.    After the abandoned old  fort had been converted from a lazar house to a  charuel house by the action of disease the means  of egress -were barred, and in order to stamp out  the contagion fire was applied.     Scores of dead  bodies were consumed.    The contagion was thus  stamped  out,   the  power  of   the   Indians  was  broken  without the loss of a single-white-man'  and the insults avenged.  On another occasion a young German who was  employed in a menial capacity in a private fort  of A. M. Harvey, which was located where Fort  Benton, Montana, now stands, in ignorance or  otherwise, disregarded  instructions  Ltr>  given  him,  and on a certain occasion when there was danger strayed from the fort about a, quarter of a  mile. He was killed by Indians and cut into  small pieces. The mutilated remains were then  left as,a warning to the whites of the Indians'  prowess. Just as in the smallpox case, the  whites did not appear'to notice the indignity,  and also as in the smallpox case the Indians regarded this an indication of cowardice. The Indians, however, kept away for a short time after  the -murder' to see what would be done. Then  they came around to trade. This fort had an alley-like entrance, guarded by door or gate-like  arrangements at each extremity. The sides  were walled or boarded high. The white men  managed to get the alley full of Indians. They  had previously allowed Indians in here after the  murder in order to disarm suspicion. The whites  opened the outside barriers, but placed behind a  thin inside barrier a masked cannon. This was  heavily loaded with iron slugs, parts of blacksmith shop refuse and material o^^  Without warning this was discharged into the  packed mass of savages. A moment later the  narrow way was filled with dead and mangled  Indians. The outer way was shut and the others  were killed. For a long time after this the Indians were well behaved.  Frontiersmen say ,tha-t if eastern sentimentality did not prevail to the extent of interference with the army movements and with the  action of men who thoroughly understand the  Indian character at every turn the Indian problem would soon be solved, and to this problem  there is but one solution.  ''���������'Wretchedly Corrupt' City Governments.  Without the slightest exaggeration we may  assert that, with very few7  exceptions, the city  governments of the United States are the worst  in Christendom���������the most expensive, the most  inefficient,   the    most    corrupt.      Among   our  greater municipalities, we naturally look first at  New York and Philadelphia.    Both-are-admirably- situated';   each  stands  on   rising  ground  with water on both sides ; each is happy in position, in climate, in all the advantages to be desired by a great  metropolis.    In each, what is  done by individuals is generally well and sometimes splendidly  done;   and  in  each,   what/is  done by the corporate authorities in matters the  most essential to a. proper city government is  either wretchedly done or left utterly undone.  Everywhere are wretched wharves, foul docks,  inadequate  streets, and  inefficient systems  of  sewage, paving, andlighting.   Pavements which  .were, fairly  good, at  the  beginning have been  taken up and replaced .with utter carelessness,  and   have   been    prematurely   worn    out   and  ruined.      Obstacles  of  all   sorts   are   allowed;  tangled networks of  wires frequently exist in  such masses overhead as to prevent access to  buildings in case of fire, and almost to cut off  the rays of  the sun.    Here and there corporations or. private persons have been allowed  to  use the streets in such a manner as to ruin them  for the general public.    In   wet .'we'ather  many  of the  most important  thoroughfares are covered   with   reeking  mud;  in   dry  weather  this  'mud, reduced to an impalpable dust, containing  the germs of almost every disease, is blown into  the houses and into  the  nostrils of the citizens.  But.this is not the worst feature ;   the city halls  of  these  larger  towns   are   the . acknowledged  centers of the vilest corruption.  DEALERS  IN  GrIR O OIBIRXIE S  AND  SUPPLIES P0E PE0SPE0T0ES AND MBTEES.  BALFOUR,  located as it is at the outlet.of Kootenay lake, will  be easily accessible during the winter to all  the raining districts on the lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSW0RTH OR NELSON.  THE   PEOPLE   OW   NELSON   HELPING  THEMSELVES.  The meeting called to discuss the appointment  of a night watchman0and the advertisement of  Toad Mountain district resulted in the non-appointment of the watchman and the appointment of a committee to solicit subscriptions to  defray the cost of presenting the resources of  the district in readable shape to the unenlightened outsider. A committee was also appointed to solicit subscriptions to defray the cost of  bringing in water by flumes from Ward creek to  tanks on Baker and ���������.Vernon-streets, the) tanks to  be built by the owners of buildings adjacent to  such tanks. The meeting was adjourned to  Monday night, the 9th instant, when steps will  betaken to organize a hook and ladder company,  The Child is Father to the IWan.  A writer in the London Daily Graphic recalls  an anecdote of mr. Parnell's childhood Avhich i&  interesting  reading    in   the   light   of   present  events.   Charlie Parnell and his sister had eaich,  it  seems, a  battery  of  wooden soldiers, and a  park   of artillery  in   the   shape   of  a  pop-gun  apiece.    War having been declared, the young  lady's soldiers went clown swiftly before a tremendous fire opened by Charlie on her lines.  Meanwhile the young gentleman's soldiers, although perpetually hit, declined to fall. The  victory remained with him and it was subsequently discovered that he had glued his own  men to the floor. So early in life did the uncrowned king realize the importance of that policy of "sticking" which his recent actions strikingly exemplify.  A'Tribute  to an Old-Timer.  The illness of senator Hearst is   giving very  serious   concern   to  his friends.    Although   the  tall, wiry old  gentleman has a   constitution of  oak, seasoned by years of out-door life in pioneer  times, yet when a man has reached the 70 mark  and his  stomach fails him, he is necessarily in  grave danger. Thousands of men on the coast  wish for the recovery of the kindly, shrewd,  and good humored old senator from California,  who in his unpretentious way is a special providence to scores of the comrades of early and less  opulent days, and who in heart and manner has  remained through all his good fortune the unaffected, manly miner that he was when he plied  the shovel and rocked the cradle on the Yuba  in the 50's.   ^lain^������t>u  a  Mighty *!o!c8  Country.  The cost of keeping prisoners in the penitentiaries of Canada is as follows per head per year:  At Kingston $243.33������, at St. Vincent de Paul  $245.96. at Dorchester $251.53, at the Manitoba  $736.69, at the British Columbia $478.73.    One of  the largest items of expense at the Manitoba  penitentiary was "heating," which cost $142.97^  per year for each prisoner. The daily average  number of convicts in each prison was: Kingston 577. St. Vincent de Paul 337, Dorchester  173,   Manitoba   69������,   British   Columbia 86-*-.    Of  in    British  those    confined  Chinese.  Columbia   34   are  '   -*  i   Jul  i VI     * '  ���������if.' -,?*-j.'SN'' ��������� '��������������� THE   MIKEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUKDAY,   FEBRUARY  7,   1891.  DO NOT ��������� USE POOR MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  are for sale in any quantity by the  I  jLi   uU.  Yard:   At''c'.iid  of' FIse'iim.'. iu   kelson.  , r; - ''.Mill':   Two  MsJcs  South  of .\cBso������.   ..'���������.  Builders concede, that tlie lumber from our mill is A.LL  OF FIltST-CLASS .FINISH, both in 'the rough and  dressed.    Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in   any  part of Nelson.  cut and run down the 'lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.  M.  S.--.WA-YYS,-'-, ^ J. -W."-T'O^SO.V,  '-...-'.   MANAGERS.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Lumber��������� good, bad, and indifferent ��������� on  hand or made to order,  G. 0. BUOHAFAK  Nelson, January loth.  Will contract for the erection of stores/hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  SEASONED ; LUMBER  always-on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  -*���������* j  AND  Will contract for the erection of any size wood building.  Plans and estimates furnished and bills for material made  Job carpentering attended to promptly. Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, East Vernon street.  will do all kinds of  CLEARING   AND   CONTRACT   WORK  in and about  B  Estimates given on work.       Address, Balfour via Nelson.  .'GESERO.SITX   :A:--'I������IiE-AJSiJKE.'-:  There must be something very good in human  nature, or people would not experience so much  pleasure in   giving;-.there mast  be  something  very   bad   in   human 'nature,   or   more  people  would try the experiment of giving.   Those who  do try it become enamored'"of it, and  get tlieir  chief pleasure in life out of it; and so evident is  this that there is some -basis...for-.the idea, that it  is ignorance rather than badness which keeps so  many people from being generous.    Of course it  may become a sort of dissipation, or more than  that,  a devastation,  as  many   men   who   have  what are called ''good  wives" have  reason   to  know,   in   the  gradual  disappearance  of  their  wardrobe-if-they chance to lay aside any of it  temporarily.    The amount that a good woman  can' give away is only measured by her upper-turn ty.    Her mind becomes so trained in thec mystery   of this pleasure   that she  experiences  no  thrill of delight in  giving away only the things  her husband does not want.    Her office in life is  to teach him the joy of self-sacrifice.    She and  all other habitual and irreclaimable givers soon  find out that  there is next to no  pleasure in a  gift unless it involves some self-denial.    Let one  consider seriously whether he ever gets as much  satisfaction out of a gift received as out of one,  given.    It pleases him- for the moment, and if it  is useful for a long time, he turns it over and  admires it; he rnay value it as a token of affection, and it flatters his self-esteem that he is the  object of it.     But it is a transient feeling compared   with that he   has when he has made  a  gift.  .' That    substantially     ministers    to     his  self-esteem.     He   follows   the   gift;   he   dwells  upon the delight of the receiver; his imagination  plays about it; it will never wear out or become  stale ;  having parted with it it is for him a lasting possession.    It  is an investment as lasting  as that in the debt of England.     Like a good  deed, it grows, and is con tin ually satisfactory.  It is something to think of when he first wakes  in the morning���������a time when   most people are  badly put to it for want of something pleasant to  think of.   This fact about giving is so incontest-  ably true  that it  is a wonder that enlightened  people do not more freely indulge in giving for  their own comfort.    It is, above ail else, amazing that so many imagine, they are going to get  any satisfaction out of what they leave by will.  They may be in a state where they will enjoy it,  if the will is not fought over; but it is shocking  how little gratitude .there, is accorded to a. departed giver, compared to  a living  giver.    He  couldn't take the property with him, it is said ;  he was obliged to leave it to somebody.   By this  thought his treiierositv is always reduced to a  minimum.    Pie may build a monument to himself in. 'some   institution, but   we do not know  enough of the world to which he has gone to  know whether a tiny monument on this earth is  any satisfaction  to a person who is free of the  universe.    Whereas every giving or deed of real  humanity done while he was living would have  entered into his character, and would be of lasting service to him���������that is, in any future which  we can conceive.  EEeld  in  Illgla  Kstccm  *>y'l-3i<v Queen.  There  are  few   Canadians   who   are   without  some knowledge of general Grant, and  it is of  interest   to   know    in    what    regard   his   only  daughter is -held  in  JUngland,   where1 she  went  shortly after her marriage to the second son of  an  English gentleman.    Colonel Thomas Ochiltree   recently  told   a   New   York   reporter that  while in London  he saw mrs. Nellie Grant  Sartoris,   "and," he said.   " I never knew her to be  so charming.     With her two daughters and  her  13-year-old son she spends the sea.son in a. house  in the most fashionable quarter in London, Cad-  ogan square.    She also has a line country place.  I dislike extremely much talking about tier private aifairs, but as it is well known that she and  her husband do  not  live together, and as there  are many surmises  which  are  capable of doing  her wrong, I will speak briefly concerning them.  Mr. Sartoris is not a pleasant kind of individual  and.  Nellie  found   it  out  to  her cost  within a  short time after she had married him, and that  discovery was one of the great  griefs of general  Grant's later life. His conduct in later years  became such that his wife could not live with  him. The justness of mrs. Sartoris's position  can easily be judged from 'the conduct of her  father-in-law. Up to the time of his death, the  elder Sartoris was a/devoted friend and admirer  of his American daughter-in-law,- and by the  terms of his will Nellie Grant is now a very rich  woman, living in -a, house which cost $200,000  'and enjoying an^annual income of $7,500,"���������.vvhile  her husband receives' a liberal allowance only,  which ceases with his death and reverts to his  Children. Mrs. Sartoris is. a. frequent and welcome guest at Marlborough house, and once in  two weeks she dines with the queen,"which, it  is is needless for hie'to add, is a distinction conferred upon few people, not of royal or aristocrat ic V)irth."  I have discontinued selling lots in Balfour for the winter  months. Tin's will give anopportunity for holders to improve the shining-hours of winter bv selling to their friends  outside. CHAR1J5S WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B.C., November 25th, 1890".  ��������� NOTJCE.  ��������� Notice is hereby given-that an application will be made  to the legislative assembly of. the province of -British Columbia, at its next session,,-for an act extending the powery  of the Crow's Nest & Kootenay hake Kail way Company,  and enabling the said company to construct, equip, operate,  and maintain a line of railway from a point on tlie lower  Kootenay river, at or near its junction,, with Goat river,  thence to the Columbia river in the neighborhood of Fort  Sheppard, with a branch line to Nelson, via Salmon river,  and from the Columbia river by way of Osoyoos lake and  Similkamepn river to Hope.;- thence following the south  side of the Eraser river to a convenient point for crossing  to New'Westminster, and a convenient terminal point on  Burrard Inlet, with power, to'build branch lines not exceeding 30 miles in length. And that sections 0, 7, and 18  of tlie Crow's Nest & Kootenay Lake Railway Company  act, 18SS, may be amended by increasing the capital and  borrowing powers of-the company, and to change the name  of the said company to the "British Columbia Southern  Railway Company." CHARLES WILSON,,  Solicitornfor applicants.  Dated the 11th day of December, 1890,  '.'��������������������������� r.    NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will he made to  the legislative assembly of British Columbia at its next  session for an act to incorporate a company-to-be called,;  "The Kootenay Lake Telephone Company," for the purV.  pose of constructing, equipping, maintaining, and operating  telephone lines within the townsitcs of Nelson, Ainsworth,  and Balfour, and the district between said townsitos: also  lines connecting these towns with the mines in Toad Mountain and Hot Springs mining districts.  BOD WELL & IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Dated December 26th, 1890.  NOTBGE,   ���������  Notice is hereby given .that application will be made to  the legislative assembly of tlie province of British Columbia for an act to incorporate the "Nelson Waterworks  Company, Limited Liability," a company organized for  constructing, maintaining, equipping,and operating waterworks at tlie town of Nelson, West Kootenay district,  British Columbia, and for the purposes thereof, granting to  the company the privilege of 'taking water from Cottonwood Smith creek or the east fork of said creek, at suitable  places on said creek or creeks, with power to.build flumes  and aqueducts, lay pi pes,-erect dams, acquire lands, and  do all things necessary for the purposes aforesaid.  BOD WELL & IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Nelson, B.C., January lOtb, 1890.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby, given that application will he made to  the legislature/of .British Columbia, at its next session, for  a private bill to incorporate a.company for the purpose of  constructing and maintaining a railway from some convenient point on the outlet of Kootenay lake to'a point on  or near the southern boundary -of the province'.-���������'' With  power to construct and maintain branch lines, and also to  construct and operate'"telegraph ��������� and telephone lines in  connection'with'the said rail way.'  BOD WELL & IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Victoria, B. C, 12th December, 1890.  '     NOTiCE.   ���������  Notice is hereby given that application will ho made to  the parliament of Canada., at its next session, for an act to  incorporate a company to construct, operate, and maintain  a line of telegraph from Sproat.'s Landing, on the Columbia  river,' in-Kootenay district, to the boundary line'of the  province of British Columbia, together with all .necessary  powers, rights, and privileges.  Dated at Victoria, B. C, this 12th dav.of January, A. IX  1891. CHARLKS YVILSON.  Solicitor for the applicants.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that all persons having accounts  collectible from the estate'of John T. Rettus, deceased,-are  required to forward 7iie a detailed statement of such indebtedness within GO days of tlie date of publication of this  notice. ' W. G ESNER  ALLAN.  Nelson, B. C, December 20th, 1890.  NOTICE.  During my absence from Kootenay, T. Vincent Thurburn  of Baker street holds my powcr-of-a'ttorney, and Mr. Saunders of Balfour to act as'my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms of the land act.  CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. 0,, November 2ofh, 1890.  i**j  !>������1 THE   MlKEEi' mELSQF,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   PEBEUARY  7,   1891.  '0  ���������'. The'MtneU is printed on Saturdays,  and wmi. be  /    mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months ������1.50, six monlhs$2.50, one year ������t.  Contract .Advertisements will be .inserted at''"'the  rate of $3 an incli (down  the column) ]iex ihonth.   A  .������������������   special rate for advertisements of over 2Inches.  , Transient Aiwertisements wust, he inserted -for  15 cents a line for tlie first insertion and, 7 cents a line  .for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less "period than 3 months considered, transient and  must boopaid for in advance. Ad..vcriis'einents of less  than 12 lines..will be counted1 as VII lines.  . Birth  Notices  eiuce if weight oe'child is cuven; ie.  weight  is not  given   $1. will  be ���������.charged.    Marriage  announcements.-will be charged-from #1 to ������10���������-according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing  in good .st-yi.k.at' eair rates.   Cards,  '-'. envelopes, and letter, .note, and  account papers kept;  in stock.  LETTERS  TO THE  EDITOR  WILL   ONLY   AI'J'EAIi   OVKIi THE  .-.writer's name.    Communications with such signatures  as- '"Old. Subscriber," "Veritas,"  "Citizen," e'tc,   etc.,  -will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all .'Letters ':���������  The Miner, Nelson, B. G.  KlMTOiHAIi.   BS^IA K������K'S.  Instead of voting away hundreds of thousands  of acres-of land to railways intended to tap the  Kootenay Lake country, the government should  offer liberal inducements to capitalists willing to  erect complete reductionworks at some central  >'point in the lake country.    That there are large  quantities   of   ore   in   the mining  districts   on  Kootenay lake  cannot   be   disputed.     A  large  percentage of this ore will not bear the charges  of long-distance transportation, and' must, -ne'e-'  essarily be treated near where it is mined.    Ores  that  run  high  in silver also carry a large percentage of dead, and the duties imposed  by the,  United  States  prevent  their  shipment  to   the  United States for treatment.    Reduction work's  on  this side of the international  boundary line  would   not   have   duties   on   ores   to   contend  against, and, no doubt, such works would draw  largely on  the ore reserves of adjacent mining  'camps'in Idaho and-Washington.-    Once reduction   works. were  in   operation,   land  subsidies  would  not  need be granted  to railways'to tap  the lake country���������the railways would'be  built  without subsidies.-   The people of Vancouver believe that British  ���������Columbia is entitled to another representative.  in the Dominion house, of commons, and are  petitioning for the creation of a new constituency, its boundaries to be co-extensive with the  boundaries of that town. The people of East  and West Kootenay believe that the province is  entitled to 2 additional members in the commons, and ask that the boundaries of their districts be the boundaries of one of the new  constituencies.   The people of Revelstokc assembled in convention on the'20th of last month and petitioned  the provincial government for appropriations  for  v -, ���������>��������� v��������� -away station to cost.$2500 ' |  more,, that. $2000 be expended-on the Big Bend  trail, that a trail  to t he Lardoaux  be   built at a  cost of $500, thai: the school-house grounds  be  improved to the tune of $500, and that $500 be  voted them for protect ion against (ire.    A grand  total of-$13,000.    The government will act very  wisely in deferring the erect ion of a court-house  and jail for West Kootenay district  until 'such  time as the center of population  can   be ascertained.    Money should-be expended on the. road  between Revelstoke and the  Canadian Pacific  depot, but the amount should be left to the discretion of the assistant commissioner of lands  and   works  for  the   district.    The government  would be foolish to make an appropriation  of  $2000 for a,trail that is merely a rat-hole to absorb public monies.    Until it is definitely.known-  where the mineral is located  on the Larcleaux,  no specified appropriation should be inade for a-  , trail to that river.    If tlie people of Revelstoke  ������������������had' a little more pride and public spirit, they  would not need as much as $500 to decorate and  adorn their public, school grounds.,   The appropriation   of   $500   for  fire   purposes   should   be  granted only when   the citizens of  Revelstoke  .prove-to-the government that they have organized  a bona,  fide fire   company and  are doing  ���������something      themselves      to       prevent.     fires.  No better a-rgumerit, for a  lump appropriation  for the district could be made than this petition  of the people of Revelstoke.    If tlie government  grants therpeople of Revelstoke what they ask,  it will result in a useless expenditure of public  monies.  It is known that themining commission stood  2 to 2 in favor of striking out the section of the  present mineral act'requiring' working miners to  take out a.-miner's certificate.    The 2 members  who favored striking Out the section were G. B.  Wright and James M. Kellie, and lise 2 whot.op-  posed striking'it'put .were' William   Wilson of  Victoria and   mr.   Cowan   of .Cariboo.'    Judge  Spinks, the legal adviser of the commission, also  favored.striking out the section   but he had no  vote,    it will  thus be seen  that the men with  modern ideas were pitted against the ancients  from Victoria and Cariboo.     Can any good reason  be given  why a in an working  in  a- quartz.  |  "inine should-be compelled to pay a, tax not re-  quired of a. man working in a coal mine?    In  what way does the law afford the quartz miner  special-protection for the tax  he is compelled to  pay?    Has   he any special"-.privileges'   accorded  him?    Not a single one!    The quartz  miner is  required to pay his provincial revenue tax.    He  is not exempt from  jury duty,    if his name is  on    the assessment   roll   the  rate  of  taxation  charged  him. is no less than that  charged his  neighbor,   who may be a  millionaire  clothing  merchant.    The   wages  paid   the quartz miner  a.re not such as will permit him to become rapidly  wealthy,, and the government goes to  no  special expense to take care-of him should'he become sick.    Yet  he  is  required  to. take  out  a  miner's certificate or be yanked'up. before a justice of the peace and summarily fined.    If he  does not pay his fine the goods and chattels of  the hotel keeper at whose house  he boards can  be seized and sold to satisfy the fine and costs of  arrest. __   There would be no-great objection- urged to  the requirement of a license from the:'man- who  locates quartz or placer claims, for he isgranted  the privilege of prospecting for minerals on the  lands of the crown; but that a working miner  should be compelled to take out a license before  t^oing to work in a mine is absurdiv unfair, and  ��������� wlmn the revised mining law is up for consideration in the house, the members from Cariboo'  should be made to understand that British Columbia., cannot afford to tax working miners for  that district's especial benefit.  The Robson government is generous, although  just a trifle partial, in distributing its pat ronage.  From July 1st, l&S'S, to.June 30th, 1889, the only  newspaper printed in Kootenay' district was  The Truth at Donald. Its circulation was general throughout the district, yet its publishers  received during the year but$5 for "advertising  sundry notices"���������notices that alone affected the  people   of   Kootenay   district.      Its   publishers  :   were informed   by the member for the district  ;.-��������� that if they (in  their paper) would support,  or  |   not attack, the government's  policy that  their  |   paper would receive the: government's ad ver Using patronage.    The member  was very plainly  told  to go   to -hades'/with his and   the govern-  niCut's pat r<*uage.    From Julv Ist, 1S89, 1 o June  30th, 1890, the only newspaper printed in Kootenay district was The Star at Revelstoke';    Its  circulation was certainly  not-greater-than that  of The Truth,   yet, it received'during tlie year  above mentioned the sum of $225.93 for "advertising  sundry  notices."    Notwithstanding' this  generous  support, the  publisher of The Star is  .'���������'compelled to narrow the 5 columns of its -i pages  ���������probably to better fit the mental calibre of its  newCditor. [' _____  In ansvver to a. question asked by mr. Kellie in  the assembly, premier Robson stated that 57,716  acres of timber land had been leased in 1S90, and  that 700,000 acres more had been applied -for, the  applications now being under consideration.    Is  there any good-reason why the -province should  lease large areas of  timher land  to speculators  any more than it should sell large areas of agri-  cu 11ural Iand to 1 and grabbers?    The ownership  of the timber on crown  lands'should remain in >  the province, and a stumpage tax collected from  those  cutting   it.    Before building a flour-mill  the mill-owner does .not seek, to acquire ownership  in   all   the   wheat-producing--land  in   the  neighborhood.   A willingness to purchase wheat  is the  only announcement made.    Would  not o  the same principal work equally well in building  saw-mills?    A willingness to purchase logs, on  which  the'.stumpage, had  been  paid, would  no  doubt land in the mill-yard all the logs wanted.  Log cutters should  be required  to take  out a  license, and the  mill-owner be held responsible  for   the  payment of the stumpage   tax  on  the  logs delivered  a,0 Iris   mills,   much the same as  employers of labor are now held responsible for  the. payment of'their employes' provincial revenue tax.    The  future necessities of the people  should not be bartered: away to the lumber barons of the coast.  Clearly  it is one   thing to conclude that the  clergy neither can. nor'should take part directly  in party political contests, unless compelled  by  the highest moral Considerations ;  but it is quite  another thing  to  maintain  that the  state  has  any'right to deny to the clergy the utmost freedom of action  in   the  matter.    It  may  be very  wrong politically for the state to forbid what it  may be equally wrong religiously for the clergy  to do.    In.Canada the   principles of absolute religious liberty and  equality are pretty well understood, and  in   most respects pretty firmly established.     With  the exception   of  the Roman  Ca.iliolic   church, we do   not. suppose   that  any  Canadian parliament or legislature would think  of interfering  with the freedom  of the clergy,  'even were thev, or any number of ,them, to use  their pulpits for rhe'v advocacy of pan isaii politics of the most pronounced  stripe.    A clergyman'loses none of his rights of citizenship on entering his profession, and  it would  be aosurdly  unjust .to forbid  a   priest  or prelate to do what  .any other citizen may  do with impunity.    The  only question that can  be soberly argued'touching the right of  the clergy  to  the utmost freedom in the use of their professional influence is  that which coin-eras the practice  of that spiritual .intimidation     which    ecclesiastics   'of   the  Roman  -Catholic   chm-ch ��������� alone   can   use,    because they atom?   are   believed   to   have power  to follow their parishioners with their influence  beyond the bourne, and to determine, in some  measure, their happiness in the future state.  ���������3BgfMMMiiUIMlWiW������������MIMJMll^lllUUgtMffl^  mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm  ir7S^7^SS^S  k :%  THE   MII^EE:    rJELSOrJ,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  FEBKUAKY  7,   1891.  Dealers in Dry G-oods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned G-oods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is fall and conrnlete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods  '?������������������ .' .'���������'������������������-.���������'���������''        '"��������� '' .    and compare Prices. <  '" ;; -....".'���������'���������;,.������������������.-'  Itfeet  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, lEi,S0K.  THE  .KOOTISNAV    3,AK33    ^OEI.VffagY.-  For- tlie Kootenay Lake country, ho! A land  where, untold wealth is lying in;'wait for-intelligent   labor;   a land  where  there   are mines  as  rich as those -of Mexican and Peruvian tradition ;  a land whose forests are alone an empire in extent ; a. land whose lakes a.nd rivers are natural  highways: a land where the snows'of winter  can be utilized in uncovering auriferous R-nlei";' a  land where the genial warmth of suminer but  enhances the appetite for labor; aland where  the law is respected because in its enforcement  the rich and poor are treated alike; a, land  where the alien needs not forswear allegiance to  his country to acquire or maintain property  rights; ' a land where the American can celebrate his natal day with as much freedom as  the subject of England's queen his; a land  whereraen are; not compelled to worship G-od,  and where Mammon is . mi worshiped ; a, land  whose people are as free from the vices of civilization as they are generous in their giving ; in  fact, a land that has not its equal in America.  Tiie ���������<>..! Jim S������ia' ft>i������������n  for.   Kowboiifcs.  The Columbia is open from Revelstoke to the  sea, and row boats loaded, to the gunwales with  home seekers and fortune hunter* are pulling  up at Sproat almost daily, the trip from Revelstoke being ma.de in about 10 days. "W. C.  Phillips of Field,'among- others, arrived at Sproat  this week, mr. 'Phillips coming through to Nelson. He reports a number of people at Revelstoke building boats and making preparations  for the down trip, among others a family of 9.  Mr. Phillips also says that there will be an exodus from Calgary to the Kootenay Lake country  in the spring.  Tflie  Kicking SIos-.se F3������o<Js  &ol������icn.  Reports from the upper .country 'are., that Golden  suffered considerable damage from-a flood  caused by an ice jam in the Kicking Horse. An  attempt was made to cut a channel through tlie  ice, and in doing so the water burst through and  flooded the streets'of that town to a. depth of 3  feet, a woman nearly losing her life. The  bridge across the river was in damrer of i^oiny  out, and the ice is now piled almost as high as  its roadway.  lAmlit Snowfall  in' Ifis.c 'iiaojznlasns. '  So far the weather has been extremely mild  on the mountain sections of the Canadian Pacific. On the Kicking Horse the fall of -snow  ���������was so slight that 'the-8'-snow-plows at Field  have remained on a siding unused. In the  Selkirks, where the snow usually falls to a depth  of 8 to 10 feet, no trouble has been experienced,  in keeping the line open.  Ss  I^sanioiad  Making' jjbi Impossibility.?  The diamond has been so long regarded'as a  natural crystalline form of carbon that one  remembers with surprise that this assumption  rests on such slender scientific support as the  similarity of atomic weight, and the property  of its   gaseous  combustion  product to  cause a  precipitate in baryta or lime water. As it appeared not incompatible with this knowledge  that the diamond and carbon-'might.-.hear the  same relation to each other as nickel and cobalt,  professor Victor Meyer has suggested the  further investigation of the subject. In order-  to obtain a derivative whose preparation entailed no loss of material and vet admitted of  easy determination of its physical constants,  herr K cause led the product of combustion in  oxygen gas over red-hot copper oxide and then  into ammonia water, from which solution he  made the neutral sodium salt. This salt was  found to correspond to the chemically pure carbon in its crystal in e form, water of crystallisation, solubility in water, melting point, and  electrical conductive power, so that there can  remain no doubt as to the identity of the two  substances. ,  Exploring for a Practicable ..Railway Route.  The Canadian Pacific has made several attempts to find a.practicable railway pass through  the Gold range, having in view the building of a  road that would be without heavy grades and in  little or no danger from snowslides, as it is well  known   that the present  route, by way of  the  Kicking Horse and Rogers pass, is an expensive,  one  to maintain and operate.    If a practicable,  pass can be found through the Gold range, the  Columbia & Kootenav railway will be extended  from Sproat to a junction with the Shuswap &  Okanagon, and from Nelson to a junction with  either the road now in operation between Leth-  b ridge and Dun more or the one that will be built  next summer south from Calgary towards Crow's  Nest pass.    The route from Nelson east is easily  practicable, and would open up one of the  best  sections    of    southern    British   Columbia,    to  say   nothing   of    making    available    the    vast  deposits of coal known to be on the British Columbia slope of the Rockies  in   the Crow's Nest  pass.    The line from Sproat west���������could a practicable pass be found���������would traverse the most  desirable   farming and grazing  sections of  the  province, and  give the people of the Okanagon  country a direct, outlet to the mining districts  oh Kootenay lake, where there will for years be  a good market for beef cattle and farm produce.  Another attempt  will be  made   this  winter to  find. a.'route, an   exploring  party,  in charge of  chief engineer  Duchesnay of  the  Columbia  &  Kootenay,  leaving Sproat  last  Monday.      The  party   intended  going   down   the "Columbia  to  Marcus; thence up Kettle river to the Okanagon  country; then work east through the Gold'range  to the Columbia river.  TiiVIBER   LEASE.  Notice is hereby given, that thirty clays after date wo intend making application to the chief commissioner of lands  and works for permission to lease for lumbering.purposes,  for a term of twenty-live years, the following-described  tract of land situate in West Kootenay district, British  Columbia: Commencing at a post lOchains south of northeast corner post of M. S. Davys's limit; thence east 20  chains ; thence south SO chains ; thence: east 80 chains ;  thence south 80 chains ; thence east 40 chains ; thence south  100 chains ; thence west 100 chains ; thence north 100 chains ;  thence west 20 chains; thence north 80 chains to point of  commencement; and containing 1800 acres, more or less.  NELSON SAWMILL COMPANY,  Bv M. S. Davys and J. W. Tolson.  Nelson, B. C, February 2nd, 1S91.  KB33  .   JASV3ES   MCDONALD' & GO.  carry large lines of plain, medium,'and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from $6.50 to .$500. Hotels f urnishqd throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  'mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and. careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Dohcrty organs.  MAtiSJ STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title "for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  Notice is hereby given that George "W. Adrian, by his  agent, Josiah Fletcher, has filed the necessary papers- and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the John A. Logan, situated in the Warm  Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake, which he desires to  purchase.  Adverse claimants, if a/ny, arc notified to forward their'  objections to me within GO days from date of publication.  G.-C. TUNSTALL, government agent.   Revelstoke, December 22nd, 18<.-)0_1__  -__lL____  Notice is hereby given that John M.Buckley and Edward J. Roberts, by their agent, WYW. Sprague, has tiled  the necessary papers and -made application for a crown  gran tin favor of the'mineral claim known as tlie Portland,  situated in the Warm Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake,  which they desire to -purchase.:  Adverse'claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to me within 00 days from date of publication.  G-. C. TUNSTALL, government agen  ��������� _Ucvclstokc, December 22nd, 1SJ)0._ _ ���������  _     _____  Notice is hereby given that W. W. Sprague has tiled the  necessary papers and made application for a crown grant  in favor of the mineral .claim'.known as tlie-Tenderfoot,  situated at the Warm Springs, West Kootoiuiy district.  Adverse claimants, if any, arc requested to forward their  objections to me within (50 days from date of publication.  .   G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, December 22nd, 1890.  APPLICATION   FOR   WATER   RIGHT.  tenfion to apply to the hon-  uls and works for authority  of  water  from a spring of  nchos through  my p.rooinp-  tcnay district, at any point  my -preemption, to be con-  by the govern men t and my  my said preemption or the  11 be required for irrigation,  lousehold   purposes;   for a  .7. 1). TOWNLEY.  I hereby give notice of my in  orable chief commissioner of Jai  to take three  hundred inches  water now flowing in three bra  t ion near X el son', in West   Koo  from its source or throughout  veyed across the land reserved  preemption, to any portion  of  town'of Nelson, where water wi  manufacturing,   milling,   and  1  term of ninetv-nino years.  _ Nelson, October 22nd, 1800.  APPLICATION   FOR   WATER   RIGHT.  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief .commissioner of lands and works lor authority  to take one thousand inches of water from Cottonwood  Smith creek, near Nelson, in West Kootenay district;  commencing at a point whore the said Cottonwood Smith  creek first enters my preemption or at any point whore it  flows through or at its exit from my preemption or (hereabouts, to be conveyed through the lands reserved by the  government and my preemption to "any portion of the said  town of Nelson where water will be required for milling,  manufacturing, and household purposes for a term or  ninety-nine years. J. 1). TOWN LEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890.  m  53  l^$M^m������m^m%^m^m%^^m^^m^^Mam^^^^S^^^^mM^W^mm^.  wmmmasaaaBsmas^ 6  THE  MLNEK:    KELSON,   E.   0.,   SATURDAY,   FEBRUARY  7,   1891.  .is. ������.  ltUVllXHAS    A   .S������I������HIIST ?  i-  '. t,,J  I;.  ���������*  p-  p  a.  Below is a long'.letter from .������������������G.'.-.O. Buchanan.  Apparently it is,, a reply to a 12-liiie paragraph  that appeared in The Miner ; in .reality it is If  stump, speech, in which fallacies, not facts, are  rehashed. In replying The Miner"would require inore than 12 lines, a.nd the anticipation of  ���������'.,-  the length of   inr. Buchanan's second   letter, if  we had no other, is alone a, sufficient -'reason for  .    allovving his first to go unanswered.  To the Editor pf The Miner:    I notice in  your issue of the 2-fth  instant nn   item  headed  ''reciprocitymeans annexat ion."    This idea has  frequently been expressed, 'hut is nbLat present  depended upon by the leading opponents of reciprocity  as  an   argument  of  any  grea.t value.  Joseph  Howe,  George Brown,  M. O. Uarneron, ,  Leonard Tilly, dr. Tupper, Ri(d]ard Cartwright;,  David Mills; Joseph Ghapleau, Wilfred Laurier,  Erastus  Wiman,  Goldwin   Smith,   and,   unless  lnisreported,   colonel /Baker  of   Kootenay- has  heen or. are among the ad vocates of nnrestricted  reciprocity.    Some  of   these   are   blue-blooded  Tories, and none of them are-open to the suspic-;  ion  of  desii'ing the absorption of Canada into  the United States.    The Montreal   Witness, the  .Toronto Globe, the Ottawa Free Press, the London Advei'tiser, the .Winnipeg" Free Press, and  the Victoria Times are organs of the reciprocity  movement,   but none   of  them   can    be   justly  cdiarged with the advocacy of annexation.  Intimate commercial relations are not neces-  ' sa.rilv followed bvanv desire for integral union  .' in the case of individuals, communities, or  .���������.nations.'-' Marriages are rather infrequent between men and women who become acquainted  at the bargain counter. Men trade with each  other for many.'years without wishing-to enter  into business -partnership.- Those who for a lifetime are in business partnership scrupulously  refrain.from interference in the social, domestic,  religious, or political affairs of each other. State,  provincial, county, and civic lines are kept up  between coinmunities, the people whereof are  commercially one. Motives of expediency "arid',  convenience quite as often operating to produce  subdivision as to create a. desire for organic  union. We are told that an earnest effort is to  be made to open up in China, and.Japan markets  which will render us independent of those of the'  United States. Does The Miner think that  such a scheme of reciprocity would tend to our  obsorption into the celestial empire? I .desire to  discriminate; I may be cosmopolitan, but I do  not wish to wear a queue. '  You say that the-national policy or protective,  system must be maintained if Canada, is to be a  free and independent nation.    It seems to he a  notion" of. Simon-pure protectionists, that the industry a.nd commerce of a. country must be reg-  ulated    and   controlled    bv     the    government  through the   medium   of  tariffs,   treaties,   and  statutes.    This idea is compared by mr. Huxley  to  the case, of a man  who-would suppose that  the processes of digestion and  the circulation of  the blood could not go on in his physical system  without the exertion of'continual mental effort.  Whereas   it   may   be  shown   that  the   hearts,  lungs, and livers of infants and lunatics,  who  are incapable of mental effort are frequently in  splendid working-order.      The  reriuctio ad .ab-  siu'dimr of'protectionism in Canada seems to be  reached when  we have the  minister of finance  drumming the Wrest India islands'for orders for  unbleached  cotton and the  high commissioner  to Great Britain haunting the huckster-stalls of  London    in    search    of   customers for   Dundas  county eggs.  A country with the great and varied resources  of Canada, with  a  population like hers���������frugal,  industrious,   and  moral���������will   prosper  and  pro- ,  gress under a.ny government, or with' no govern-  ornment :   under any trade 'policy, or with   no  trade   policy.     Canada,  has   during   the last  12  years gained in population and  in wealth   probably in about the same ratio that she gained in  the 12 years before that.    Considering- the fact  that: the Northwest,   with   its wonderful attractions, has been opened  up to the world  within  that time., the marvel is that her growth has not  been   enormously  greater.     The  predictions of  the founders of  the national policy have  been  falsified to an extent that renders their authors  unworthy of any credence.    Sir Charles Tapper  assured parliament that before the close, of 1890  more   than   $50,000,000   would   come   into   the  treasury as the proceeds of sales of land in the  Northwest. Eighteen hundred and ninety has  closed and money enough has not yet been realized from the sale of said lands to'meet the cost  of surveys. -..''���������  The most pessimistic of 'Grits would not have  ventared   to  predict that at the close   of 1890,  after ah expenditure of fifty millions of government money and probably an equal amount of  private capital in the Northwest,'.there would be  less/than' a quarter of a million of inhabitants in  the whole territory from Lake Superior to the  Rocky mountains; yet such is probably the fact.  The  millions   of  foreign capital,  the  smokestacks -'thronging- the air, the bum of nianufac-  turing./;iridlist ry have .mate.ralizecl at the saine  slow and cautious rate with which the elderly'  Canadian has been familiar from his youth rip.  .Do I blame sir John and his party for this state  of things?   Not at all, except that they deceived  the people when..they made them   believe that  (lley could create wealth  by act of parliament,  and that they seek to deceive them  now by the  fiction  that their, very existence depends upon  the  niaintainence of'the-tariff" fence which, at  vast  expense of  inconvenience  and 'irritation,  they have erected across the continent.  You  remark that those who wish mr. Mara  to vote for reciprocity should ask. him to resign  and stand for re-elect ion on that issue.    At the  meetings at Ainsworth and Nelson/at which the  question was considered, the understanding was  that  a. general  election for the house of commons would occur during next summer.    That  in the'meantime a redistribution of representation  would be made, which possibly would reduce the area of the Yale-Kootenay district, and  that a- revision' of the voters' list would be made  which'would  largely  increase  the   number  of  voters.    From present appearances the question  of  reciprocity  will   divide the  people in. every  constituency  from   Cape Breton  to  Vancouver  Island at the next election.    A vote  in this district taken, after it-has "been reconstructed and  after' its electorate has  been reinforced  by the  addition of alb eligible residents,-and'when the  'whole  question   is  before  the   whole   country,  would seem more likely to call out a. fair expression of opinion than  could be got by a premature presentation of  the case, possibly complicated   with   contingent  subsidies to   the   Kani-  loops & Cariboo and the Revelstoke & Kootenay  Lake railways. G. O. Buchanan.  Buchanan's Saw-mill, January 28th.  EEovr"$S8BKic (^ver^assBo  fiijiwortLSay Jealousy.  Somewhere   in   the  forties   Grisi  and  Jenny  Lind were singing in different places in London.  Those   who   went   into    ecstasies   over   Grisi's  "Norma," were   the   next   evening   enraptured  vyith   Lind's "Casta Diva."    Great was the rivalry between  them.    Finally, the queen, deeming   it   a  shame   that  two  such   gifted  women  should be separated by a mean, unworthy jealousy,  requested both to appear at a. court concert.    Of  course  they  both  came.    The queen  warmly welcomed  them  together for the first  time.   She gave'the signal for the concert to begin.    Jenny Lind was the younger, and it was  arranged that she should sing first.    With perfect   confidence    in.    her   .powers   she   stepped  forward to begin.    Chancing to glance at Grisi,  she saw the southern woman's malignant gaze  fixed on her.    The fierce look almost-paralyzed"  her.    Her courage left  hei\ her voice trembled,  everything grew black  before  her, and she almost fell. " By the greatest .exertion of her will,  however,  -she   managed   to  finish  her   aria.    A  painful silence followed its conclusion���������a silence;  that told of her failure.    She caught a triumphant   expression    on    Grisi's   face.      Despite   her  dazed condition she quickly realized that failure  meant lost glory,disappointed hope, the destruction of happiness, grief and mortitication to her  family a.nd friends"    Suddenly a soft voice, that  seemed to come from heaven, whispered  to her,  "Sing one of your old  songs in your native language. "    Sheeaught  at tlie  thought like an inspiration.     The  accompanist   was   striking his  final chords.    She stepped up to him, asked him  to   rise, and   took   the   vacant seat.    Softly her  fingers wandered  over tlie keys in a. loving prelude, ���������: then   she  sang.      It   was   a  little   prayer,  which she had loved as a  child;   it belonged to  her mother's' repertory.    She had not sung it for  years..   As  she  sang she. was no longer in the  presence of royalty, but singing to loving friends  in her fatherland.    No  one present understood  one. word of the "prayer."    Gradually the song  died away and ended in a soft sob.   Again there  was a silence���������the silence of admiring wonder.  The and i eh ce sat spel 1 bound." Jen n y Lin d 1 if ted  at last her sweet blue eyes to look into the scornful face that had so disconcerted 'her at first,  There was no fierce expression now ; instead, a  teardrop glistened on the long black lashes.  After a moment, with the' impulsiveness of a.  child of the tropics, Grisi crossed to Jenny  Lind's side, placed her arm 'about- her, and kissed  ���������'her warmly, utterly regardless  of the admiring  '.audience; ������������������..-'���������"  CSow to ��������� Kw(a!!>3awB������. :i������������������ RvsaatiUUm.���������':'���������  There are two ways of establishing your reputation���������to be praised, by honest men and to be  abused by rogues. It is best, however, to secure  the former, because it will invariably ..-.he accompanied by the latter.  NELSON MEAT MABXET  J  Will  contract to deliver fresh meat at railroad camps,  mines, and 'all towns on  Kootenay lake. .  (having   the   contract   to   carry   her -:majesty's   mails)  SADDLE AND PACK ANIMALS,  for the convenience of travelers, will be kept on the trail  between Nelson and.; Colville.  EXPRESS,   PACKAGES  promptly forwarded from Colville to ..Lit tie Dalles, Trail  Creek, Sproat, Nelson, Balfour, and Ainsworth. ,  RRAL ANp:'STABL'JNG  also, job wagons and saddle animals.  0FFIGE AM) MAEZET ���������  Canadian Pacifi  001 nc  OTJK NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  airway  Through Passenger  Service from Ocean to Ocean.  irsro  oxrX_A_:r>rGrjES-  LOWEST FABES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick .despatch and lowest freight rates  Evootamiy La fee fsl& spiers will be.con-,  suiting   their   Own   interests  '''���������-, ��������� ' by shipping by. the  eSSSEgj55S553SSB  The Columbia & Kootenay SteanriVavigation Company's  STEADIER   "LYTTON,?  leaves Sproat's Landing for UBV-ELSTOKK  every Tuesday and Friday,making connection with trains for  VAN00TJVEE, g r3^03NT'x,^2i!_^:cJ^  NEW" WESTMHTSTEfi., 0   ^SZ^?^?T������:'  .VI0T0EIA, tlCEiCAG-c,  AND   ALL   1'OINTS   lOAS'i'.  ���������I'or  rales,   maps,   time-tables,   etc.,   etc.,   apply   to  any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D.  E.  BROWN,  Oen'l Fr'tand Passenger Ag't, Ass'tCen'l Fr't& Fas'r Ag't.  W'iNMPKG, Manitoba. Vancouvkm, T>. C.  ������        Wrk  fca &    a   -r  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, 1>- C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of -paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  I THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,  FEBKUAEY  7,   1891.  The Madden is Centrally; Located,  with a,frontage  towards Kootenay river, aiid.is nowly  furnished throughout.   ;  THE      T������ .Aj.'jB 3L. 33  is supplied with everything in the market, the  kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE  BAR   IS   STOCKED  WITH  THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE  IS NOT  SU'RPASSEI  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A. share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGAES  AND THE FITTEST BSAHD3 OF LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  "The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District."  Cor. Baker, and Ward Sts.       H.   &   T.   fVl ADD E IM  NELSON,  B.C. Proprietors.       \;  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets.  NELSON, B. ���������.  PROPRIETORS.  The reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the.-present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  'CREAM   OF   THE   WORLD'S   NEWS.  The-Massachusetts, agricultural paper that a short time  ago announced the result of the postal card votes of 110,000  farmers in all parts of the country on presidential preferences, has compiled the result, on the tariff. It shows a  considerable majority for the McKinley bill, an overwhelming demand for Blaine's scheme of reciprocity, and  an almost, equally strong protest against unrestricted reciprocity with Canada. ^  In accordance with the orders issued January 23rd, regarding the departure of troops from the scene of the late  Indian war, near Pine Ridge agency, South Dakota, 2  troops of the Eighth cavalry marched to Fort Meade, and  the'Scventh cavalry and; also Carson's battery started for  Rushvillc. The Ninth cavalry's winter camp will be  pitched on the Rush ville road about 6 miles from the  agency. The company organized from among the Indian  police, whose terms of enlistment expired on January 22nd,  will be sent to Fort McKinney under command of an officer of the cavalry.  ��������� Through the good, offices of arbitrators, the differences  between the Scotch railway companies and their employees have been settled and the strike is ended.  A contract for building 55 miles of the Great Northern  railway from Bonner's Ferry east to the falls on Kootenay  river has been let to Burns & Chapman of Spokane.  The secretary of state for the Dominion, J. A. Chapleau,  at. a banquet tendered him on January 22nd by the citizens  of Kingston, Ontario, declared for free trade in natural  products, and said Canada was ever ready to legislate  with the United States so far as Great Britain would permit.- "  The deal between I. G. Baker & Co. and the Hudson's  Bay Company for the sale of the former's business, including braidings and stocks at Calgary, McLeod, and Leth-  bridge, has been finally closed. The transfer will take  place in about a month.  Herman L. Chase of Tacoma has been appointed receiver  of the Spokane National Bank of Spokane Falls.  At Ottawa on January 28th a cabinet council considered  the question of a dissolution of parliament, but a decision  was postponed until sir John A. Macdonald could consult  with his supporters at Toronto, for which place he left  after the council meeting adjourned.  In the British house of commons,con January 27th, sir  William Guyer Hunter moved that the resolution of the  house in June, 1880, forbidding Charles P>radlaugh to take  the oath bs expunged from the records as subversive to  the rights of electors. Gladstone supported the motion,  but suggested omitting the words "Subversive to the  rights of electors." The motion as amended was passed.  The London News declares that Smith's acceptance of the  Bradlaugh motion was due to the discovery that a refusal  Would result in the defeat of the government.  An apt illustration of the truth of the old lines, "Rattle  his bones over the stones, he's only a pauper whom nobody  owns," was evidenced in the case of the late "Bob" Smith,  the builder of the Cariboo road and formerly representative of Yale in the old British Columbia legislature. He  died in a hospital at Victoria, of which he had for several  years been an inmate, and was buried in a rough pine  coffin, at the expense of the city, unwept and without a  friend to see his remains deposited in mother earth.  The secretary of the United States treasury department,  William Windom of Minnesota, dropped dead of heart disease after making a lengthy speech at the board of trade  banquet in New York city on the night of January 29th.  In his address secretary Windom said that "the currency  of the United States was sound in quality and adequate in  quantity to facilitate exchange. With a system of reciprocity, carefully adjusted within the lines of protection, not  only will our foreign commerce invade every sea, but  every American industry will be quickened and our whole  people feel the impulse of a new and enduring prosperity."  The deadlock in the Montana legislature has been settled by a compromise. The Republicans are allowed 28  members in the house and the Democrats 27, tlie latter tilling all the house offices, such as speaker, chief clerk,  doorkeeper, etc.  John James Ingalls, who has represented Kansas 18 years  in the United States senate, will retire on March oth, to be  succeeded by William Alfred Pefler, at present the editor  of an agricultural paper.  The Democrats in the lower house of the Wisconsin legislature have passed, under suspension of the rules, a bill to  repeal the Bennett compulsory education law.  A gas explosion in the mammoth shaft of the H. C. Frick  Coke Company's mine, about 10 miles from Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania, occurred on the morning of the 27th of  January. When the explosion occurred 110 miners were at  work, all of whom are supposed to be lost. At a late hour  on the night after the accident about GO bodies had been,  recovered. The rest were probably cremated. Some of  the bodies recovered were burned into an unrecognizable  mass.: The explosion is supposed to have been caused by  gas igniting from an exposed lamp. The scenes about the  mouth of the pit were heart-rending. Coffins were ordered from Pittsburg, and the remains of those that can  be recovered will be buried at the company's expense.  Acknowledge Alic .Keccia������f. of Et<k,soI������sti<ms.  The center shots, in the shape of resolutions,  fired by the people, of Nelson at their public  meetings have reached the targets at which  they-were aimed, as the following communications, addressed to secretary J. E. Walsh, prove:  J. E. Walsh���������Dear Sir : I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your favor dated January 18th, and in reply will  say that the resolutions will receive careful consideration..  I am anxious to meet the wishes and advance the interests  'of my constituents on all questions affecting the district's  welfare. I think the remarks of mr. Lemon at the public  meeting, as reported in Ti.irc Miner, were uncalled for and  unjust. He might at least have given me British fair play  and reserved his strictures pending legislative action. I  thank you for your kindness in sending me a copy of the  resolutions expressing the sentiments of the residents of  Nelson on public questions, and I now feel, knowing their  views, that I am prepared to do what I can to assist thera.  My views on the royalty clause, t-mile-square-block reserve, etc., are well known, and it is quite unnecessary for  me to give any further assurance that I will do all lean to  .have the royalty clause repealed, and the 4-mile blocks'  placed on unoccupied lands alone. Wishing yourself and  the people of Nelson prosperity, I remain, yours respectfully; J. M. KELLIE.  Victoria, January 27th.  J. E Walsh���������Sir: I am directed by his honor the lieutenant -go ver nor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of the -Kith instant,' transmitting copies of resolutions in regard Columbia & Kootenay .railway, passed.,  at a meeting," held at Nelson on the IGth instant, I have the  honor to bc,~ sir, your obedient servant.   ,  ,11. STANTON, private secretary.  Government House, Victoria, January 2Gth.  ; Wniit Light.  The Grohrnan reclaination scheme' will be inquired into at this session of the legislative assembly. On January 28th mr. Kellie gave notice of a motion "that a select:: commit tee, composed of messrs. Sernlin, Brown, Cotton, Smith,  and the mover, be appointed to take into consideration all matters '.referring to the Kootenay  reclamation reserve scheme, with power to ask  for papers and all other' evidence that may be  deemed expedient, and to report, to the house."  It will now be in order for W. A. .Baillie-G.rohr'-  man to hurry back from his home in Surrey,  England, and tell that committee how hard he  has labored to carry out his lease or agreement  with the provincial government, and how he is  thwarted by such bad, bold men as mr. Kellie,  and mr. Anderson, and mr. Rykert, and others  in the Kooten ay Lake, conntry, who believe his  scheme impracticable and a foolish waste of  good English money.  B������inciie<l   Out.''.  Work has   been shut down   at the   Monarch  mine at Field on  account of the ore pinching  out. Its owners, Vancouver parties, had a contract with the smelter at Revelstoke, but are  now unable to fill it. The ore was low-grade  galena carrying considerable zinc, and was supposed to be in large deposits.  H0TE  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  NELSON,.'IB. ���������.  SODERBERG  &  JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE  TABLE  is  acknowledged   the best  in the mountains.  i  itibzie] :b_a_:r,  is stocked  with  the best liquors and'cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'    -  celebrated brands.  LADST  TRAIL CREEK, B. C.  w. At. poiilton  I'ssoPBtiB-yrim  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail ("reek  mining district, its proprietor being a caterer of experience.  The table will always be supplied with the best of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with choice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure rye  whiskies.    Good stabling for animals.  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DRUGS,   PATENT   MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in tirst-class  drug stores.  CIGARS    AT   WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  f ?   Mam Street,  IetIlstgke  THE  MINM:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  PEBEUAEY  7,   1891.  Masse*}  Eailroad. Avenue,  o  ���������VvrJEaiOXJ^]3-A.XJEI   A3SrB   RETAIL  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  fan  sepzune istraets,  SMALL    IV8!������������Z<:TS    OF    NEWS.  N. Hoover has sold his pack train of 20 animals, together  with his corral and stables,.to Angus Mclntyre; consideration,' $2000. Mr. Mclntyre will continue the business, and  as he is a rustler, he will no doubt succeed in getting a  share of the trade. ;r  ��������� Personals:   R. E. Lemon left Nelson on Tuesday for a  trip to the coast.   Before leaving he subscribed liberally to  the funds for bringing in Water from Ward creek and for  advertising the district.-   Dave Ferguson and W. C. .Phillips'are. the'first arrivals of the year from the main line of. c  the Canadian Pacific;   the former from  Revelstoke, the  latter from Field.   Z. Choate has taken the place of It. B.  Forbes as foreman of the rail way. bridge, in r. Forbes being  called to the coast on business.   A: J. Marks is at Revel-  stoke, and is expected.'at Nelson'."within 2;  weeks.    John  McLeod put in a day this week along the cast end of the  line of road that his company is building, merely to see if  the contractors were in need of supplies.   Billy Perdue has  gone out to   Kettle river after beef cattle,   the beef con-  gumption being much greater than expected early in the  winter.   The cattle out there are reported as in good condition, and able to stand the drive of 150 miles.    Charles  Whitehead, who lias charge of all Dan McGillivray's contracts on the Columbia & Kootenay, has moved his quarters froni the railway, bridge to Nelson, to better superintend the forwarding of timber to the-wharf site.    U.S.  Williams arrived in Nelson this morning from Minneapolis,   lie reports having a hard trip from  Trail Creek in.  A.t Trail Creek his horse went lame, and he had to foot it  to Ward's, where he himself went lame, and had to send to  Nelson for another horse.    Mr. Williams expects to leave  for Ainsworth on Monday.  During the absence of mr. Davys and mr. Tolson on the  coast, parlies wishing lumber from their mill or infornia-  C. Hill,  who is in  be  at the Nelson  tion about lumber, should call on W.  charge of the business. Mr. Hill will  house every afternoon.  Revelstoke Star, January 24th: "J. C. Pitts and bride  of Donald went west on the 21st on a bridal trip to the  coast." Mr. Pitts is one of the brightest young business  men in the mountains, and his bride (miss Mollie Behan) is  well equipped with all the social qualities that help make  married life a ca-iitinual round of pleasure.  Captain Da vies reports 4 inches of ice on Kootenay river.  Building operations" go on apace. Dr. Arthur's 2-story  residence is enclosed and roofed; lumber is on the ground  for Ellis's assay office ; and Hansen .'& Johnson have commenced work-on their hotel.  During the last 7 days Nelson has had a slight1 touch of  winter weather. Themercury dropped down pretty close  to zero on Sunday and Monday.nights, the-thermometer at  the government building registering S3 at 9 o'clock on tlie  night of the 2nd. Today .at 3 o'clock it stood at 39. About  5 inches of snow fell during the week, and it remains,  merely as a. reminder that snow sometimes falls in the lake  country.  The Davys & Tolson saw-mill closed down for 4 days during the cold snap, but is again running.  On Monday morning ice had formed almost across the  Outlet both below and above Nelson, and its thickness was  increased Monday night. On the days following quite a  crop was saved by several parties iii town, the Wilsons  putting up about 40 tons and Marks & Van Ness 20. The  ice was of extra fine quality, although not quite 3 inches  thick.  Although a number of inquiries were made for real estate, no sales can be reported for the week.  A man in Vancouver writes to a business man in Nelson  &s follows: "lam desirous of obtaining reliable-information of your country before starting for it in the spring--!  place little value on newspaper talk, of which I hear a  great deal." The only way such men can obtain "reliable"  Information is to visit the country themselves; then, the  chances are, they would not see the country in the same,-  light as the business men whom they bother with letters of  inquiry. __  ___   Another FramlnlciHt, Suli*.  Michael Conway writes from Wallace, Idaho,  under date of ���������January 25th, to a business man at  Nelson: "I have bought an interest in the  Birthday claim, located by O. W. Carter, in the  Lower Kootenay district. It is one-quarter  mile from the Hall mines.     Please examine the  records and see if it is as represented." An examination of the records proves that the Birthday claim was located on May'"26th, 1890, by O.  W. Carter and Frank Hatma. It is described  as being situate on the east fork of 49 creek,  about H miles westerly from the Toughnut and  near the divide between 49 and Sandy creeks.  The claim became unoccupied land on November 26th because: of the assessment work not being performed.; The man who sold an interest  in the Birthday is the same man exposed* in  The Miner- last week. His name is O. W. Carter, and he is a fraud. Carter knows that the  Hall mines are fully 3 miles southeast of the  Toughnut, and his representations as to the locations of his worthless claims are made solely  to deceive purchasers.    He should be jugged.  Straight Answers  to Moncst  Buquirics.  To the Editor.of The Miner: Having met several  parties from your country lately who have formed very  favorable impressions of its prospects,! venture to address  yon for information. Has a photographer been in your  country, and what could a first-class one do there now with  a tent outfit?- What is the population of Nelson? Can you  tell me when the boat will commence running from the  American side to Nelson? Do you expect a big immigration this summer? e O. B. BExVSON.  Butte, Montana, January 21st.  There has not been a photographer in the lake  country, and  no doubt a good one could make  money here next summer. The resident and  transient population of Nelson is between 400  aud 450. Last year the steamer Galena on her  first trip from Bonner's Ferry arrived at Nelson  on April 4th, which is as early as people should  come here. From the number of inquiries received at this office, there will surely be a large  immigration this summer to the mining districts  on Kootenay lake.   >���������' To the Editor of The Miner: Please let me know if  there is a market gardener near Nelson, and if there is  land near Nelson suitable for a market garden.  G. A. BISIIAY.  Spokane Falls, Washington, January 29th.  Last year two attempts were made at market  gardening   near   Nelson���������due   by   Chinese,   the  other by whites. The garden of the Chinese  was a success, that of the whites not so much so.  There are many small patches of good gardening  ground near the outlet that need onlv intelligent  and industrious men to turn them into little  bonanzas. ���������_   To the Editor of The Miner: Please send me a  map of Nelson; also the prices of lots. I wish to post up  about your part of the country, having an intention to  make investments in Nelson property. H. J. EDSON.  Wallace, Idaho, January 19th.  The unsold lots in  the townsite of Nelson are  owned  by  the  province of British   Columbia.  Three sales at public auction  have been made :  the first, in October, 188S; the second in June,  1890; and the last in October, 1890. In all, about  220 lots were sold, at prices ranging from $10 to  $500. Seventy-two of the lots sold are 50 feet  wide, 59 are ol) feet wide, all others sold and unsold are 25 feet wide. The lots are all 120 feet  deep. The streets vary in width, the east and.  west streets being 100, 75, and 6Q feet wide; the  north- and south are all 75 feet. East and west  alleyways are 16 feet wide.    The townsite is de  sirably located and has 'am Die room for a population of 100,000.. So far, the government has -is--  suedno maps of the townsite ; but .will probably,  d6. so in the spring, the survey only being com-  pleted late in December. Parties connected  with the Canadian Pacific have laid out an addition to the south of the townsite. It contain^  over 1000 lots ; but as yet they have not been  placed on the market.  AND  AT  Chute Walsh's)  S5 EAST BAKER STREET.  IPostollicc Store,  KeJsoifi,  J55. C.  AND GENTS' PUENISHING- GOODS.  also, full lines of  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  8   AT   WHOLESALE  a a  NOTARY PUBLIC.  C  ESTATE AND MIP  ONVEYANCING:.--  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing- documents drawn up.. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0,  "sR^Fjs^&^^n^  3pEiv.3������57\^^^

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