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The Miner Feb 14, 1891

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 ������illy  E'Jipcr  ���������;Fi-iia4c������I- iia. "ISic   '  ���������KLooftc'siJiy. Lulus Min-  .'insr IMsiJ-Iets.  For  Kates  of  'Advertising  and  See  Fourth   IDa  ������'e������  NUMBEK 35.  KELSON,   BEITISH,  COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY, TEBEUAEY   14,   1891.  $4 A YEAE.  i&  m  'THB3'.'.NEW-ailA8tT'Z  - MINING'   A���������T.  BRIEF  SUMMARY OP THE   IMPORTANT   CHANGES..  MA DE  BY. THE '-MINING-  COMMISSION.  " An Act relating to Gold and other Minerals  excepting Goal" is the title of a bill introduced  in the legislative assembly by mr, Iiobson. The  bill is;the result of the work of the mining commission, and is a great improvement on the  Mineral Act now in force, not because of any  radical changes, but because of its de.fini ten ess-.  The age of persons that can become free  miners lias been raised from 16 to 18 years.  The re-recording requirement has been done  awav with.  Any location made on Sunday shall not for  that reason be made invalid.  The time in which to record, after location,  has been extended from 3 to 15 days.  No change has been made in the staking of  claims other than the center stake is numbered  2, and-that in determining the center line and  length of a claim a line shall be run from No, 1  stake through 2 and be continued in the same  straight line to the required distance, without  reference as to direction of stake 3.  A freef.miner may at any time abandon a claim  by giving notice of such intention ; but he shall  not be entitled to relocate any claim so abandoned, or any claim which he has'forfeited by  failure to do the annual assessment work, unless  he.first obtains the permission of the gold commissioner.  Notices of application for crown-grants shall  be published in a newspaperv circulating in the  district in which the claim is situate,.and not in  a newspaper printed in the district as at present.  When certain stipulated requirements are  complied With by the owner of a-claim on which  $500 has been expended in actual mine development work (the. cost, of the erection of houses  not to be included) a "certificate of improvement" shall be issued him by the gold commissioner. The issuance of the certificate of improvement bars all adverse claims to the  ground; but no certificate of improvement shall  be granted to a mineral claim the title to which  is in litigation. On the sale of a, claim to which  .a.certificate of improvementl has been granted,'  the chief commissioner-of: lands and works is  authorised to issue the crown grant to the purchaser of the claim, providing he is satisfied the  sale wa.s a valid one.. A certificate of improvement can also be issued to any. portion of a  claim that is not in dispute, leading the ownership of the disputed portion to be settled by the  courts. c  Mill-sites, not exceeding" 5 acres, may be located on. non-mineral land; but no free miner  shall hokl at -any one time more than one m ill-  si te. At the expiration of 80 days- after locating  the site, the gold commissioner shall give the  locator of the site a lease for -.one year, and if  during-the continuance of such' lease, such free  mine r~sh all have put $500 worth of machinery  or works on the site, then he shall -.receive a.  crown-grant for the site, on  payment of $5 per  acre.  A free miner who is the holder of a. mineral  claim or mill-site may obtain a'grant to a. water  right in any unappropriated water, for any mining or milling purpose, for any term not exceeding 20 years, upon such terms and conditions as the gold   commissioner'shall think  fit.  Section 89 is, an entirely new provision, and  reads as follows: ''Any partner 'making default  in payment after receiving a. notice specifying  the. amount due-'by him, shall, if such amount  he correct, be personally Habit) therefor, to the  partnership, and his interest in the partnership  property may be sold by the partnership for the  payment of the debt, and any further assessment which may have accrued thereon up to  the day of sale/ together with "all costs and  charges occasioned by such default; and if the  proceeds of the sale be insufficient to pay off  the several sums mentioned, the court having  jurisdiction in  mining disputes, upon being ap  plied to, shall issiie: an order directed to the  sheriff to seize and sell any pther personal property of the debtor. Notices of sale shall, in  either of the above cases, be conspicuously  ', posted 30 clear days prior to the daynof sale, in  the vicinity of such mining or 'other property,  and in the court-house of' mining recorder's Office nearest thereto. '.' But if such partner be absent from the district such notices shall be  posted as aforesaid 60 clear days before, the day;  of sale, and a. copy of such notices shall be published in some newspaper circulating; in the"  district wherein such mining-or. other '.property,  is situate. Such sale shall be by public auction  to the liighest bidder. !The ,purah aser sha.l 1 be  entitled to possession of the property sold, and  to a bill of sale thereof signed by the auctioneer!  such bill of sale shall confer such title upon  the purchaser as the pawner had." [The intent  of the above section is. to compel delinquents  partners or co-owners in a claim to pay their  osha;re of the annual assessment work, and provide a.way;hy which the other partners or co-  owners can obtain clear title in case of-'a refusal  or neglect to pay. If allowed to remain as  worded above, it will allow rich co-owners in a  mineral claim to freeze poor co-owners out, by  simplv carrying on expensive development  work.'' The section should be amended so as to  cover annual assessment work only. The notice  should be given by publication, whether the co-  owner resides in ime district or out of it; and the  notice should appear in a paper -printed in the  district, if there be one therein; and if not, then  in a paper printed next nearest the district.  The publication of a notice in a paper circulating in the district is no notice. Under the word-  ���������i-ngfof the: ab���������)ve sectiQn, ,a, nc)tice. appearing in  the San Fi-anciscr^Kxaininer would be legal notice, as the Exaihiiter circulates in every portion  of British Columbia. The old law was ambigu-,  ous, but it contained no section under .which a  co-owner could be legally frozen out of a valuable  claim.���������Editor].  Mining recorders shall keep the following,  books: "A "record book," a "record of abandonments," a "record of affidavits," and a "record of conveyances." They are are also required to give a copy of the record to the  locator; and record .ail bills of sale, declaratory  statements, affidavits, etc., verbatim.  The gold commissioner has power to allow a  free miner holding adjoining mineral claims to  perform upon any one,of such claims all the  work required to "entitle him to a certificate of  work for each such claim, and upon being satisfied bv an affidavit setting out. fully the particulars of such work, he shall direct the mining  recorder to issue a "certificate of work for each  such claim. ^  The county court shall have jurisdiction in all  mining cases. _,   ALTERATIONS  AND  ADDITIONS THAT, SHOULD BE  MADE   IN THE  ASSEMBLY.  Section 8 should be stricken out.    There is no  reason   why a. -working miner should   be  good  compelled to pay a tax not required from other  working men. if the idea is to compel Chinese  miners to pay a share of taxation, why not compel cooks and laundry men and sawmill men and  cannery men and railway sectionmon to fake out  a, 1 i c e n s e. B y d < > i n g s <��������� > f e w o f 'the C) h i n e s e w o i i 1\ I  escape taxation; A license tax from tho^e who  obtain ownership in a mineral claim is not generally objected to, although of doubtful wisdom  because of the absolute.forfeiture of all rights in  a claim should the holder-of a certificate tail to  renew' it when it runs out. By all means, section's should be stricken out.  Evidently the drafters of section 15 believed  that the course of mineral veins are perfectly  straight; .but they are not. The section should  be so" amended that the center stake be numbered 1. the center line to run 750 feet to stake  2 and 750 feet to stake 3. Section 11 provides  that a claim shall be rectangular where possible; but section 15 directs that it shall be rectangular.    The two sect ions certain!}- conflict.  Section  19  should be   made read   as  follows:  "19. Every free miner locating a. mineral claim,  shall have 30 clear days from the date of hiscloca~  tloii notice in which to record the same.. Such  '.record-shall," etc., etc. By extending tire time  the locator of ti mineral claim could determine  whether or hot it was worth recording; and by  changing the wording, a locator -'would' rely entirely on the fact that he had his notice up first,  and not on his ability to get to the mining  recorder's office first.  The intent of section 89 is 'good, but its word-  " ing must be changed.    If allowed to stand, the  pobi* co-owner stands no show with the rich co-  owner.     The section should, only apply   to annual assessment work.     ;  There should be a section designating the hour  at which a record expires. The hour should be  12 noon and hot 12 midnight; In locating claims  that are open for relocation it would.be difficult  to, determine at midnight -who-firstposted the^  required notices.  The mining '-recorder.-should be empowered to  take affidavits, for in many mining districts  there are neither justices of the peace nor notaries public.       ' .;'������������������  All notices requiring '���������publication- should be  made in a newspaper in the district, and if there  be none in the district, then in the newspaper  nearest the district.  Next week The Miner will print in full the  principal sections of the bill, to allow miners and  mine-owners to suggest alterations intelligently.'  Au  AccNlr.itS, on -the.��������� Ilailroiul CJra������Jc.  A serious accident occurred on the Columbia  <feKootenay grade, about 4 miles below: Nelson,  on Tuesday night, by which a man named John  Netfletbn, familiarly known" ai'"���������"���������? Yorkie," was  dangerously, and it is feared fatally, wounded.  It appears that a few minutes before 6 o'clock,  as a battery of 7 shots was being discharged,  Nettleton,  who was   standing outside  his  tent  .watching the flying pieces of rock, was struck  on the forehead'by one of them and felled senseless.    He was picked up  and carried to a  bed,  and a boat crew was despatched to Nelson for  medical assistance.    By the time that aid could  reach the unfortunate man  he  was in a precarious condition  from  a violent arterial bleeding  from  the wound, which his comrades had been  unable, to check, despite all their endeavors.    On  ���������examination  it was" found that the man's skull  had been crushed into fragments where the rock  had struck him, and portions of  the inner skull  were driven  down  onto  the brain.    Temporary  relief   being  afforded   him,   the   wounded   man  sank into a comatose .state, witlrperiods of delirium,  till morning,  when   it was arranged  to  trepan h im.    On Wednesday morn ing the operation   was  performed   by  dr.  Arthur   and   VV.  Gesner-Allan,- and about 25 fragmentary pieces  of skull and foreign   matter were removed from  the wound.    The patient was then consigned to  a  temporary.-hospital.     Although  there are at  present no dangerous  symptoms, grave fears of  meningitis are* entertained,   and   little 'hope   is  held out for his recovery.  A iW5i������e wHEi un Api������roi������rsat������ .ft.-imc.'-  Tho ore in the Silver King continues getting  richer as the tunnel is .advanced. Six assays  made on Thursday from ore taken from the face  of the tunnel averaged $1100 to the ton. Much  of the ore is brittle antinionial silver, from  'which assays as high as $10,000 a ton are obtained. As'an indication of the size and character of the ore body, waste rock is nowhere  encountered in the tunnel, which is 7.1 to 8 feet  high and G feet wide, and the -ore is of so uniformly a high grade that, it; is not even sorted.  The''Silver King alone has more actual money  in sight than all the mines and prospects in the  state of Washington put together. The 13 original owners are In a fair way of. a. realization of  their hopes. They only hoped for $50,000 apiece;  they have that, amount within reach. The Silver King was very appropriately named.  ������MS!!i^ THE   MOTEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   FEBEUAEY  14,   1891.  Goods   and   Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect,  Claim, or Mine in the   Hot   Springs  Mining District  0_A.IE2,:R/Sr   ZFTXOLiirL   XjIisTJES   OIF1  ^  iota B   a %&������  ^-^  "nr  I**3**.  Drugs and Cigars in stock at .Ainsworth/  AINSWOETH, B. 0., and BEVELSTOKE, B. G.  IWMIiVffOX ' VOTE'KS-" ��������� MS'flY  POINTERS  FROM    A    MAN    WHO  THE   SUBJECT.  IS    POSTED    ON  To the Editor op The Miner:   At one of  the public meetings  in  Nelson   mr. Selous, inr.  Bigelow, and myself 'were named as a committee  to look after the electoral lists of the district,  with a view of securing the addition thereto of  the names   of  all eligible parties.    1   have not  since our appointment had  an opportunity  of  consulting my colleagues upon the committee.  But for the information of those among your  readers who may be strangers to our franchise  acts I would like to take the individual responsibility of mentioning a few points.  As regards the Dominion franchise, the list of  Dominion elector's is made up by a revising barrister appoin ted by the govern men t at Ottawa.  In this district this office is filled by judge Walkem of Kaniloops. The latest list was'revised  in Septeuiher, 1889. The Kootenay Lake country is included in what is known as "Polling  district No. 16, Lower Kootenay, in the electoral  district of Yale." The postofiiees included in  this polling district are Joseph's Prairie, Cran-  brook, St. Eugene Mission, Windermere, Fort  Steele, Fairmont Springs, and Nelson. The  court of revision was held at Golden. "Mr.  Anderson,,.myself, and perhaps others sent lists  to judge  one  Walkem;   but,   so far as  I  from  this  vicinity attended the  of names  know, no  court. In the absence of any objection I presume that all names sent were put upon the  roll. There was no revision in 1890, nor can  there be any until funds have been appropriated  by parliament for the purpose. The cost of a  revision throughout' the Dominion is somewhere  about $300,000. No names can be added to the  roll except at a time of general revision.'..  The franchise qualification is liberal. British  subjects of the male sex, 21 years of age, owners  of real estate (of I think $150 in value) or possessors of an income of $300 per annum are, eligible. -Foreigners desiring naturalization may  obtain forms of oaths, etc., upon application at  the government office at Nelson. , An application on .behalf of the candidate must be made, in  open court at any session of a, county or supreme  court, whereupon a certificate.'of naturalization  will be. filed of record in said court, and the  'newly-initiated, .citizen will be ready for the  next court, of revision. Parties wishing to become naturalized should procure 'necessary  forms as soon -as possible, as a revision will occur during next summer. Timely notice will, of  course, be given, and all public-spirited citizens  should consider themselves members of a committee.to forward names to judge  Walkem.  Our  district   (Yalo-Koo1 enay) extends   along  the line of the Canadian  Pacific  from Field to  'Yale, the bulk of it lying between that road and  the boundary line.     At   the   provincial election  in  June  last  there  were cast within   its  limits  about   1090  votes, as  follows:    East  Kootenav  280,    West    Kootenay    150,    Yale   (about)" 018.  Should a Dominion election  occur immediately,  this   figure   (1090)    would    about represent   the  number   of   available   electors,    many    of    the  names standing on the   roll being those of absentees.  Regarding a very excellent suggestion of The  Miner for the division of Yale-Kootenay district  into   two,   it  is   unfortunately out   of  sir  John's power to comply, even should he wish to  do so. Changes can only be made after ea,cli decennial census. It is hoped that British Columbia will be entitled to an additional member  after the census, which is to be taken on the 5th  of April of this year. The new constituency  should apparently be formed frout portions of  the Yale-Kootenay and New-Westminster districts. But unless The Miner can satisfy sir  John that the objections to,our.present member  are personal and not -political, .and' that the remodeled districts would be safe toi return men  of the same shade of political conviction���������or  lack of such, as the case -may be���������of the present  occupants.,- the new constituency rna.y probably  be formed among the islands of the gulf of  Georgia. I will, perhaps, trouble you later with,  some observations upon the provincial list.  G. O. Buchanan.  Kootenay .'Lake���������Saw-Mill,. February 6th.  , ^eSI"-CJ<i>verjii.JB8Ci6t for SrcI:i9t<I aiii<lcsar;ia>It%  About a third of the population of Ireland regard home rule as the greatest catastrophe that  could befall themselves, their ''country, or- the  British Empire; and it is worthy of notice that  they include almost all the descendants of Grat-  'tan-'s parliament, and of the volunteers, and of  those classes who in the eighteenth centurv sus-  tained the spirit of nationality in Ireland. Belfast and the surrounding counties, which alone  in Ireland have attained tin1: full height and  vigor of industrial civilization;' almost all the  Protestants, both Episcopalian and Nonconformist; almost all the Catholic gentry; the decided preponderance of Catholics in the lay professions, and a great and guiding section of the  Catholic   middle-class   are   on   the   same   side.  Their conviction does not rest upon any abstract  doctrine-about the evil of federal governments  or of local parliaments.    It rests upon their firm  persuasion that   in   the  existing   conditions of  Ireland no parliament could be established there  which could be trusted to fulfil the most elementary conditions of honest government���������to-maintain law; to protect property; to observe or enforce  contracts; to secure the rights and liberties-of individuals and minorities; to act loyally  in times of difficulty and danger in the interests  of  the  empire.    They   know that   the  existing  home-rule /movement  has  grown  up under the  guidance and by the support ..of men who are implacable enemies to the  British empire; that it  has been for years- the steadv object of its lead-  ers to inspire  the Irish   masses with feelings of  hatred to  that  empire, contempt, for contracts,  defiance of  law and   those who   administer   it;  that, having signally failed   in'rousing the agricultural population in a national struggle, those  leaders  resolved  to turn the  movement into an  organized attack upon landed property; that in  the  prosecution   of   this  enterprise/  they   have   j  been   guilty,   not only-  of   measures  which   are   j  grossly and  palpably dishonest, but  also  of an  amount of intimidation, of cruelty, of systematic disregard   for individual  freedom, scarcely  paralleled   in any country   during   the   present  century; and finally that, through subscriptions  which are not drawn from Ireland, political agitation in Ireland has become a large and highly  lucrative    trade���������a    trade    which,   like    many  others, will no doubt continue as long as it pays.  TELEPHONE    SM'FEST    RUNNING   '.OUT.'  Two years ..from ...next March the original patents of the Bell Telephone Company on the art  of transmitting the human voice over wires by  electricity will expire. Then anybody who  chooses can make and use a telephone without  let or.hindrance;- As to what the result will be,  it ���������,i ^.generally believed that as matters now  stand cit will affect the price of the telephone  ���������service but little, for the reason/hat proper service, such as is now given by the Bell Telephone  Company, cannot he" furnished and pay interest  on the plant for much'less than   $75"a year in  large  cities.    Another reason   why lower rates  will not prevail in large cities is that people will  prefer paying $75 or $100 to a service that has a  large list of subscribers than, pay smaller rates  to a   company witli a  small list of .subscribers..  In ot her words, the telephone increases in commercial value to subscribers in proportion to the  number  he can  communicate with.      However  that, at the expiration  of theh;opatent the Bell  Telephone Company will give a much  superior  telephone system to the present, and one where  the slightest whisper, 5 or 10 feet away from the  'phone, will be distinctly transmitted^for-miles.  They have been-preparing against the competition  that   will  spring up  at   the   expiration   of  their  patent   by purchasing at  nominal figures  from needy inventors all valuable improvements  that have been made to the telephone, and they  are now the owners of'patents as superior to the  .present telephone  as   it   is   to   the   toy   'phone.  They are. keeping these inventions, on which the  patents will  run   yet  for years,   in reserve, and  will   bring, them out if any attempt is made in  competition.    So  the  net  result will be  better  service at a slightly reduced rate.    There will be  also'another, result on; the expiration of the patent and that is that telephones will become very  cheap, and for $2 or $2.50 anyone can  purchase  an efficient telephone.    This will have the effect  to create-; an extensive use of them, and private  telephone lines and small exchanges will become  numerous.      They  will  also   generally   displace  speaking tubes- and push-buttons in  buildings,  and hotels will substitute them for annunicators  so that guests can communicate  their wishes to  the. office without the intervention of a-bell-boy.  .S.HD-vivor- <���������!' <Ts������s<���������������.'.r's  FijihJ..  years', after the Custer  massacre,  SoEr,  ���������For   many  whenever the ..Seventh cavalry was paraded, or  there was'any mounted, formation, there was  presented the pathetic sight of an old cavalry  charger,   saddled  and   equipped,  and   led   by  a  trooper on each side, the empty saddle telling*  - the story of < lie old horse's faithfulness. He was  the sole survivor found on the field of the Custer  massacre., lie belonged to an-officer in the regiment, and watched by his master's body, although w'ouud'-'d in a dozen places, for days and  nights, and when the rescuers came there he-  stood, gaunt, starving, and wounded, but faithful to the dead man/ The late general Sturgis,  who was then colonel of the regiment, and who  lost a splendid .young son in the fight, issued an  order that the horse should be cared for to the  end of his days, as attached to the regiment,  and that at all mounted formations he should  be in line.    He lived to a good old age.  <*4  i\*r- -  ,vf THE MIHEfi:    NELSON,  B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  PEBETJAEY 14,  1891.  NELSON MEAT MAEKET,  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at railroad camps,  mines, and all towns on Kootenay lake.  JDTJJEIT2<TG-   THE   ���������V7INTEB  (having   the   contract   to   carry   her    majesty's mails)  SADDLE AND PAGE ANIMALS,  for the convenience of travelers, will be kept on the trail  between Nelson and Marcus.  EXPRESS    PACKAGES  promptly forwarded from Marcus to Little Dalles, Trail  Creek, Sproat, Nelson,. Balfour, and Ainsworth.  GORRAL AND STABLING  also, job wagons and saddle animals.    "  OFFICE AND MAEKET:  ���������NO. II EAST BAKER STREET  Canadian Pacific Eailway  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY; U  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  1STO   CH:AN"GES-  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay Lake -Shippers will be consulting   their   own   interests  r* "        by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  STEASV1ER   "LYTTOIM"  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every Tues-  day and Friday, making connection with trains'for  VANOOUVEE,  NEW WESTMINSTEE, o,  vTOTQEIA, ^l  ?J  TOEGMTO.  ST_ PATJL3  OZEHIICLA-G-O,  AND  ALL, POINTS  EAST.  Por rates,  maps,   time-tables,  etc.,   etc.,  apply to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D.E.BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passengei-Ag't, Ass't Gcn'l Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg. Manitoba. Vancouver, B. C.  DEALERS   IN  G-BOCEKIES  AND  SUPPLIES FOB PE0SPE0T0ES AND MINERS.  BALFOUR,  located as it is at; the outlet of Kootenay lake, will  be easily accessible during the 'winter to all  the mining, districts on  the lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from ais will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.       i  AN   ELECTRIC! , " WITCET-HAZEI.."  A recent addition to the application of electricity to raining, and one which seems destined to  find considerable use, is a portable device for detecting the presence and nature of mineral  where the-latter .is exposed in the rock or earth*'.  This apparatus, which is intended for the use of  prospectors more particularly, consists of a battery and spark coil, which are enclosed in a box,  and the conductors end in two platinum points.  It is evident that if these points be connected to  a conducting body and the circuit ruptured, a  spark will be formed, and the flame and color of  which will give some indication of the nature of  the body which- the electrodes have touched.  Thus, by placing the two points against a rock  containing metal in'a free state, its presence  may be detected by merely applying one electrode and passing the other rapidly over the surface. It will, it is said, enable a novice or -'tenderfoot" to pick up float rocks on the hills and  tell instantly whether they contain mineral or  not, and even the comparative quantity in a  rough way. By means of this instrument, also,  it is possible to find a. lost -"lead" in a shaft or  cut by applying it to the walls. Another use to  which it may be put is to the sorting of ores, the  color of the flame enabling the sorter to separate  the different kinds. The apparatus, which  weighs about ten pounds, is arranged to be carried on the back and can be used to explode  blasts in connection with electric primers.  SouiSi American ISurlmrity.  A most blood-curdling cruel thing in Peru is  the manner in which are obtained the so-called  -'pig-skins" that so commonly serve for bottles  and casks. They are not the hides of pigs, but  those of sheep, and, horrible to relate, are pulled  off the living animal, the poor sheep being actually skinned alive. The beasts are driven, one  by one, to the appointed place and firmly tied to  a stake. Then the hide is neatly cut around the  neck and down the belly, without touching  the flesh or severing the arteries or hurting the  animal much; after which hooks are fastened  into the loosened skin, a rope being attached to  each hook; strong men take firm grip on the  ropes and pull backward, pulling and pulling,  until the hide is torn off clean to the tail. It is  said that during this frightful torture the cries  of the poor sheep are almost human in their expressions of agony, and that the bloody, quivering mass sometimes lives several minutes. The  onlj7" excuse for the barbarous practice is that  the skins are much more flexible and durable  when thus taken off alive than when the animals are dead.  Rud LMck sit a Funeral.  A recent funeral in a backwoods township in  Ontario was held with  considerable difficulty.  At the home of the deceased's parents, about 2  miles from the church, elaborate  preparations  were made for the dinner which was to be served i  at, the conclusion of the obsequies. A calf was  killed and set aside to await the roasting process.  When the hour arrived for this the matrons  having the affair in charge were greatly surprised to find that during the night some person  had stolen the calf, together with other of the  funeral meats. The excitement created by this  a.nnoun cement, had scarcely subsided ere one of  the horses attached to the hearse of the undertaker while being driven into the yard, stepped  into a hole from which a post had been removed  and broke his leg. The poor animal had to. be  shot on the spot. The hearse was also caught  by a. clothes-line and dismantled of its plumes.  A   Mine at the World's  IFjur.  After  a. great   deal   of hard   work,   Colorado  mining men  have secured   the  concession of a  site from the committee in charge of the  grounds of the world's fail' at Chicago for a  mine to be in actual operation during the fair.  As to the mine itself the main shaft will be 5CX)  feet deep, and there will be drifts running in  various directions, representing the different  districts of Colorado. There will be a miniature  Leadville, a model Aspen, a- representation of  Pueblo, and every one of the leading mining  places of Colorado.    All the big mines will be  modeled with their workings, and the ore will  be the genuine article from the 'mines named*  The mine proper,will be large enough to receive  75,000 people a day. Six large elevators, something after the plan of the mine cage, but a little more elegant,.each capable of holding 40 people,'.will ruh continuously during the day. A  charge of 50 cents will be made, so that from a  monetary point of view it will be a success.  From an advertising point of viewit .will be of  immense gain to the state of Colorado, for already little else is talked of even in Chicago.  BALFOUR.  I have discontinued selling lots in lialfour for the winter  months. This will give an opportunity for holders to improve the shining hours of winter bv selling to their friends  outside. CHARLESWESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B.C., November 25th, L8i)0.  APPLICATION   FOR   WATER   RIGHT.  1 hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take three hundred inches of water from a spring of  water novv flowing in three branches through my preemption near Nelson, in West Kootenay district, at any point  from its source or throughout my preemption, tobeconr  vej-ed across the land reserved by the government and iny  preemption, to any portion of my said preemption or the  town of Nelson, where water will be required for irrigation,  manufacturing, milling; and household purposes; for a  term of ninety-nine years. J. D. TOWN LEY.  .'���������'  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890.  APPLICATION   FOR   WATERRIGHtT~^  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take one thousand inches of water from Cottonwood  Smith creek, near Nelson, in West Kootenay district;  ���������commencing'at a,point where the said Cottonwood Smith  creek first enters my preemption or at any point where it  flows through or at its exit from my preemption or thereabouts, to be conveyed through the lands reserved by the  government and my preemption to any portion of the said  town of Nelson where water will be required for milling,  manufacturing, and household purposes for a term of  ninety-nine years. J. D. TOWN-LEY. :  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that an application will be mado  to the legislative assembly of the province of British Columbia, at its next session, for an act extending the powers  of the Crow's Nest & Kootenay Lake Railway Company,  and enabling the said company to construct, equip, operate,  and maintain a line of railway from a point on the lower  Kootenay river, at or near its junction with Goat river,  thence to the Columbia river in the neighborhood of Fort  Sheppard, with a branch line to Nelson, via Salmon river,  and from the Columbia river by way of Osoyoos lake and  Similkamecn river to Hope; thence following the south  side, of the Eraser river to a convenient point for crossing  to New* Westminster, and a convenient;terminal point on  Burrard Inlet, with power to build branch lines not exceeding 30 miles in length. And that sections 0, 7, and 18  of the Crow's Nest & Kootenay Lake Railway Company  act,, 1888, may be amended by increasing the capital and  borrowing powers of the company, and to change the narao  of the said company to the "British Columbia Southern  Railway Company." CHARLES WILSON,  Solicitor for applicants.  Dated the 11th day of December, 1890.  NOTICE.  Notice,is hereby given that application will be made to  the legislative assembly of British Columbia at its next  session for an act to incorporate a company to be called  "The Kootenay Lake Telephone Coinpany," for the purpose of constructing, equipping, maintaining, and operating  telephone lines within the townsites of Nelson, Ainsworth,  and Balfour, and the district between said townsites ; also  lines connecting these towns with the mines in Toad Mountain and Hot Springs mining districts.  BOD WELL & IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Dated December 26th, 1890.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the legislative assembly of the province of British Columbia for an act to incorporate the "Nelson Waterworks  Company, Limited Liability,"-a company organized for  constructing, maintaining, equipping,and operating waterworks at the town of Nelson, West Kootenay district,  'British Columbia, and for the purposes thereof, granting to  the company the privilege of taking water from Cottonwood Smith creek or the cast fork of said creek, at suitable  places on said creek or (-recks, with power to build flumes  and aqueducts, lay pi tics, erect/ dams, acquire lands, and  do all thiiurs necessarv for the purposes aforesaid.  BOD W E LL & 111V IN G, sol ici tors for appl icau f s.  Nelson, B. C, January- 10th, 1890.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the parliament of Canada., at its next session, for an act to  incorporate a coinpany to construct, operate, and maintain  a line of telegraph from Sproat's Landing, on the Columbia'  river, in Kootenay district, to the boundary line of tho  province of British Columbia, together with all necessary  powers, rights, and privileges.    ���������  Dated at Victoria, B. C, this 12th day of January, A. D.  1891. CHAIILLS WILSON,   _��������� Solicitor for_fhe applicants.  NOTICE. ~~  During my absence from Kootenay, T. Vincent Thurbur  of Baker street holds my power-of-attorney, and Mr. Saun  dersof Balfour to act as my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms of the land act.  CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, 1890.  V.J..J THE  MINEft:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   FEBEUAEY  14,   1891.  f  V  I  r  The Mr.v-Eft rs printed-on Saturdays, and will be  ]nailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three m on ths ������1.50, six months $������50, one year #4.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at tit*:  rale of S3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.,  Transient AnvERtrsEMENTS wtll be inserted for  lo cents a line for the lirst insertion and 7 cents a line  for ������������������each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. AH advertisements printed for  a less period, than 'A months considered transient and  must, be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than' 12 lines will1 bo counted as 12 lines.  Lettioks to the Editor will only .appear over the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old- Subscriber.-" "Veritas," ���������'Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.      -    ,,  JOn   I'RINTJNi;    IN    GOOD   STYLE    AT   FAIR   RATES.     CARDS,  envelopes, and   letter, note, and account papers kept  ; in, stock.  Address all Letters: The Miner, Nelson, B. C  EflllTOfltK.-t L   RtmAims.  The Miner has repeat edly urged the government to make0 a lump .appropriation for roads  and trails in ������������������West Kootenay district, instead of;  as in tbe past, mak ing appropriations.for specified roads and trails. It has cited instances  where money has been wasted merely because  it was set apart for a specified work. It can cite  others. Last spring a trail was built up Wild  Horse creek at a cost of $1000. The trail is oj no  use and probably never will be. An appropriation of $4000 was made for a wagon road from  the Columbia river to the McMurdo district-  Even if the road was needed, the appropriation  made was not sufficient to build one-sixth of it.  Again: The assistant commissioners of lands  and works are forced by 'the "member " for the  district to expend money on work that they  know to be useless. The money spent on the  trail up "Wild Horse creek was money that was  appropriated for a wharf at Nelson; but the  -'member" did not need the votes of the Nelson  precinct to return him as a member for East  Kootenay, and he did the votes of the Fort  Steele precinct. To a great extent the people  themselves are to blame for the waste prevailing  in the expenditure of public monies. They demand more than they are entitled to, and ask  for its expenditure on works that are not necessary- but merely because of locality. The assistant commissioners of lands and works should be  first-class men, and not men who have backbones like those of the jelly-fish.  There is something radically wrong in the  present method of electing senators to the congress of the United States. Whether it can be  attributed to an inherent weakness in the system of government of the''republic or to the tendency of the people to be corrupt in all things  that pertain to politics is the problem to be  solved. The evil, and it is an admitted one, may  result from both the above causes. Men who  desire the welfare of the republic have for years  noticed with regret that the office of senator  vyas.bartered and,sold to the highest bidder, the  glaring and general practice becoming yearly  more open. It is only necessary for a man of  great wealth to disburse a portion of that wealth  in securing the return to the state legislature of  men pledged beforehand to vote for him, and  the corrupt deal seldom fails. This should not  be possible, and could not be if the people themselves were honest ; but they are not. That the  practice is not confined to any particular state  in the union is well known. Last fall the legislative ticket in California was elected by the Republicans by the liberal use of money contributed by senator Stanford, who desired re-election. It is notorious that money lavishly spent  re-elected Squire senator from Washington. It  is equally notorious that senator Peirce of North  Dakota was defeated of re-election because of  his opposition to  the chartering by his state of  It is not often that The Miner can honestly  indorse the editorial utterances of the Victoria  Colonist. This is due mainly to the fact that  the editor of the Colonist is a hired man and is  too often compelled to pen articles to suit the  business management of the paper rather than  himself. The following is evidently a sincere  expression of the editor's opinion of a striking  personage in latter-day English parliamentary  work: -'The career of mr. Bradlaugh shows  "-what an honest and a single-minded man can  "do to overcome the most deep-rooted preju-  " dices and the bitterest dislike. Mr. Bradlaugh,  " before he was elected to parliament, was al-  " most everything that the average middle-class  " Englishman detests and despises. He was an  " infidel who loudly proclaimed his unbelief; he  " was a Radical who did not hesitate to con-  " demn institutions that are regarded as almost  " sacred. He was aggressive and pugna-  " cious. He was not contented to enter-  " tain his opinions and convictions quietly,  " but was industrious in proclaiming them  " as often as he had an opportunity. When lie  " was elected to parliament he was not content  " to go through the usual forms and take his  "seat unobtrusively. He refused to take the  " oath on the ground that he was an unbeliever.  " A majority then resolved that he should not  " be permitted to sit whether he took the oath  " or not. Bradlaugh with bull-dog pluck and  " tenacity fought for the seat to which he had  " been elected. The struggle is now part of the  " history of the Victorian era. Bradlaugh came  " off conqueror. He took his seat as one of the  " representatives of the people of Great Britain  the  Louisiana   Lottery   Company.     Senatorial  elections   in   other  states  in   other  years have  been   disgraceful  in   many   ways,  but in   none  more than in  the  use of money.    A remedy is'  sought for, and it is proposed to take from legislatures  the power to; elect senators, and place   j  the power in   the  hands  of the people, they  to  elect'senators by direct vote.   This remedy may  .  o-o far towards curing the evil ;,  but until voters  O ���������������������������������������������.  are, as .Cater is  reputed to have been��������� incorruptible-��������� the evil will  hot wholly be eradicated.  No provision is made by the laws of the province for ���������the 'payment of persons serving as jurors at coroner's inquests. This is manifestly,  unfair. If witnesses can collect fees for forced  attendance at such inquests, there is no good  reason why jurors should be forced to give their  time without pay. If the province pays one  class, the other class should also be paid. The  juror's' time is as valuable as the witnesses's,  and neither should be compelled by law to contribute it gratis for the good of the whole peo- o  pie. Again: One witness is paid a nominal  sum for his forced attendance, while another  who happens to be a, medical man is paid a  larger sum. This is not right, and is directly  class legislation, of which there is altogether too  much in British Columbia. The province should  pay a uniform rate to all persons whom it compels to serve as jurors and witnesses at coroner's  inquests.  "_  So far, the/only', measure of general importance introduced in the legislative assembly is a  mechanics' lien law. It was introduced by mr.  Brown of New Westminster. It provides that  the workman shall have the first claim on a  building in case of the failure of the contractor.  Under the present law, the material man has  the first claim, because of being better able to  take prompt,-action, 'the workman being at a  disadvantage because of its cumbrousness.  "and so performed his duties and so .con-,  "ducted himself as to extort the respect and es-  " teem of the men who, when ..he. first appeared  " among them, considered him unfit to sit as a  "representative of, a British constituency.  ** They saw that, in spite of his eccentricities of  ''���������-* character and opinion, Bradlaugh was a, man  ���������'*- of ability and honesty, who did what he be-  " lieved to be right, no matter what the eonse-  " quenc.es might be to him personally. One of  "the most remarka.ble  things  ever clone in- the  ���������-* house of commons,was to rescind the vote of  " expulsion passet I againstCharles Bradlaugh,  "and   to   expunge   the   record   of   it  from   its  ''-���������- journals."  As the owner of the townsite of Nelson, the  provincial govern rrient is, in a degree, a real estate  speculator. It profits by the increased value of  the unsold lots. Their increase in value being  caused mainly by the enterprise of the residents  of the town and the mining district in which it  is located, the more people and the more enterprises centered at Nelson the greater will be  the increase in the value of the real estate owned  by the province. If not already granted away,  the water in Cotton wood Smith creek could also  be used in increasing the value of this real estate. Nelson is the geographical center, as well  as the natural center, of the mining camps in  the southern portion of West Kootenay district.  The ores of these camps, if not diverted, will  naturally come to Nelson for dressing and reduction. At no other point in the district are so  man v natural a.d vantages combined. Above all,  it is a competitive freight point. The government, if it so chooses, can make Nelson a center  of population���������thereby increasing the revehue  of the province through the sale of lots���������by liberally bonusing a company that will guarantee  to erect complete reduction and refining works  at the falls of Cottonwood Smith creek, where,  there is an ample supply of water. Not a dollar  of the bonus money needs be taken from the  provincial treasury. One-third of the unsold  lots in the Nelson townsite could be set aside for  the bonus, and the money realized from their sale  turned over to the reduction company. If, instead of this course, land at another point is  granted for that purpose, the result will be a  rival town, and, consequently, a large reduction  in the revenue of the province. If properly  handled, the government of British Columbia  can easily realize $500,000 from the sale of its  real estate within the present limits of the town-  site of Nelson. .  Parties are now in Victoria seeking to obtain  a. concession of land on which to erect reduction  works; If the concession is granted, it will be  for a tract of land -within 10 miles of Nelson.  What will be the result? A townsite owned by  a rich syndicate, who will make every endeavor  to upbuild their own town at the expense of the  town of Nelson, in which the'people .of British  Columbia are all directly interested, because of  the revenue derived from the sale of its lots,  every dollar of which goes into the public treasury. The government will therefore, be acting  in the interest of the people by refusing all such  concessions. :   The men elected as Independents seem to be  taking the lead in the legislative assembly. They  talk straight from the shoulder, and vote as they  talk. Mr. Brown of New Westminster and mr.  Cotton of Vancouver are the leaders, and they  are better equipped than any 2 men in the ranks  of the Government and Opposition combined.  No legislative body in America was in greater  need of a little independence  HMU1IWIIJWPJW  amuwrwamuu uwumnmwMMuii.  wtmnwaffmnmnii  wnaMnMwuuj THE   MDTEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  FEBRUARY  14,   1891.  ������  !?Stt!fw(lR!"  *\w  *������iS  ������  rmmstm  Dealers in Dry G-oods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty,  The stock is full and comnlete in every Department, and the public will find it to,their advantage to call and inspect Goods '  -   ��������� and compare Prices. ;        ''     -  Main Street, REVELS  9 and II East Vernon Street, tJELSON.  'HAVE   NO   itroSIT    TO    TSBBil     SUB6FA���������E     <iB&OIJXB>i'  '���������Have the parties who Recently located mineral claims in the townsite of Nelson a right to  the surface ground of such claims?" is a question that has been asked The Miner frequently  since the locations were made. Section 37 of  the -/Mineral Act reads: "Every free miner  shall, during the ..continuance of his certificate,  but not longer, have the right to enter and  mine upon any waste lands of the crown, not for  the time being lawfully occupied by any other  person." Section 38 reads: "En the event of  such entry being made upon lands already lawfully occupied for other than mining purposes  previously to entry, full compensation shall be  made to the occupant or owner for any loss or  damages he 'may sustain by reason of any such  entry," such compensation to be determined by  the court having jurisdiction in in in ing disputes,  with or without a jury of not less than 5."  The land upon which these claims are located  cannot be classed as unoccupied land, as it has  been set apart, for and platted' into a townsite;  therefore the locators of these mineral claims  can. have no right to any surface ground, other*  than that actually needed in carrying on the  business of mining, and compensation must  even be made to the owner of the townsite for  the ground used for that purpose.  Section 55 of the Mineral Act states that all  claims must be faithfully and not colora.bly  worked. Section 9U makes provision for the lay- '  ing over of lodes or veins containing minerals,  as defined'by the act. The act defines the wordV  " mineral" as -follows : "Mineral shall include  all minerals, precious or base (other than coal),  found in veins or lodes, or rock in place, and  whether such minerals 'are found separately or  in combination with each other."  Thai there is mineral in the claims located  ������������������recentlyin the townsite of Nelson will hardly  be maintained by the locators. if within his  powers, the gold commissioner should cancel  the entries, and put an end to the business of  locating " mineral" claims on valuable occupied  non-mineral lands.  B'',oeiii4l-'Bft'cttd   in   15ic Outlet.  Six "good and lawful" men ���������W. A. Crane, M.  Mahon'ey,  Charles  Van   Ness, T. V. Thurburn,  15. R. Atherton, and James Dawson���������assembled  in the government office at Nelson on Monday  last, in response to a call from W. Gesner Allan,  the coroner for this district, to inquire, into the  dca/h of an u-'iknown p >rs m found in the outlet,  about 3 miles below Nelson, the previous day.  Mr. Allan deposed in effect that, act ing on information laid before hun late on Saturday  night, he had proceeded down the outlet on  Sunday morning to investigate the nature of an  object that had been seem on the bed of the outlet, and which was supposed to resemble a'  human form. At the place indicated, in about  9 feet of water, a human body was raised by his  assistants by means of a grappling-hook. It  was the remains of a man, void of clothing save  'overalls, drawers,, and boots, and a thin leather  belt around the waist. Decomposition was far  advanced, the skull being perfectly bare. The  body  was conveyed  to Nelson, and   endeavors  were made to identify the form or the clothing;  but all in vain���������no one knew anything about it,  or of any one who had been, missing.1 After hearing the evidence and viewing the,remains, the  jury returned a verdict of "Found dead; identity and cause of death unknown." The remains  now lie beneath a mound���������the second in Nelson's new cemetery.  A  Fire. Company - <()rgaiii7.<Ml  and Christened.'  As per announcement, a meeting was held at  Nelson on Monday evening to perfect the organization  of a  fire company.      G. E. R. Ellis was  called  to the chair and W. Gesner Allan acted  as secretary.    After an expression of opinion as  to the best-course ;to pursue, it was decided that  all present, who wished to  become members of  the  company,' step 'up   to the  secretary's  desk  and sign a. roll and pay a membership fee of $1.  Seventeen   of those  present placed their autographs on a sheet of brown wrapping paper and  handed the chairman the "initiation" fee.     The  election of officers to serve until  the first Monday  in  May was next proceeded with.    George  E. R.   Ellis   was   elected president;   George  A.  Bigelow,  vice-president and  foreman;   M. Ma-  honey,   assistant  foreman;   W.   Gesner  Allan,  secretary-treasurer; and W. A. Crane, Thomas  Madden, and John Houston an executive committee.    In naming the company a number-'of  speeches were made, and it required several ballots before a choice was made.    Finally the. organization  was christened   "Deluge  BLook and  Ladder Company No. 1 of Nelson," and the man  who   proposed   the name   was  sprinkled .with  muddy -water from  a floor sprinkler, much to  . the amusement, of  the friends of the defeated  names.    The    executive    committee    were    instructed to ask the chief commissioner of lands  and works tq. set aside  a lot for the use of the  organization, and also instructed to draft a constitution  and by-laws.    The   meeting then adjourned to the first Monday in March,    The following citizens enrolled themselves as members  of the company, and, after 15 years-continuous  service, will have the satisfaction of politely declining to serve as. jurors,   knowing that their  excuse must be taken:     G.   A.  Bigelow,   Fred  Richardson, Thomas Mulvev, Angus Mclntvre,  W. A. Crane,  G. E. R.   Ellis, W. Gesner Allan,  Harold   Selous, Thomas  Madden,  M.  Mahoney  Thomas   M.   Ward,   James   A.   Gilker,   E.-   C.  Arthur, Wilson Hill, J. A. Melville, Oscar Soder-  berg, and John Houston.  A 8������e|>ort as to the Intentions <>t the Northern B*ae,iJie.  A gentleman who arrived at Nelson last week  from Minneapolis stated that a rumor was current in Minneapolis and St. Paul that the  Northern-Pacific intends to have its Kootenay  Lake country branch in running order by July  1st. The road will lea.ve the main line at Kootenay station and strike the river at. the mouth  of Deep creek, about 7 miles below .Bonner's  Ferry. That the Northern Pacific'people, take  great interest in the Kootenay Lake country is  evidenced by the fact of their sending several  experienced men into the country to size up its  probable ore output, as well as by the fact that  they are not only willing to give intending investors all information  possible, but courtesies  in the way  of free transportation to reach the  country. ��������� o ;   ...  ���������. _,���������.���������.  .���������'��������� . p.. ��������� .  A Town  EEenorted on the   Wane.  From   parties  in   from Colville, it   is,-learned-,  that that town is very quiet, several of its business men having removed to Kettle Falls.  Work has been suspended on the Old Dominion  mine, and but 2 men are at work in the Bonanza. A fine 3-story brick hotel, built last summer, is unoccupied. The smelter is also /Idle,  Although on a pretty site, Colville will have to  await the day when the country is thickly settled before it again becomes a place of much  importance.  JAMES   fVScDONALD   Si:'CO:  carry largo lines of plain, mod him, and high-grade  ranging  in  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets  price from JfG.aO to ������500. ' Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Dohorty organs.  IVIABiM STREET, REVELSTOKE, B. C.  TIMBER   LEASE.  Notice is hereby given, that thirty days after date we intend making application to the chief commissioner of lands  and works for permission to lease for lumbering purposes,  for a term  of twenty-live years, the following-described  tract of land  situate in West Kootenay district, British.  Columbia,:   Commencing1 at a post.lO chains south of northeast corner post" of M.   S.  Davys's limit ; thence east.20  chains; thence south  80  chains;  thence  east 80  chains;  thence south 80 chains: thence easflO chains ; thence south  ���������100 chains ; thence west 100 chains ; thence north 100 chains';  thence west 20 chains; thence north 80 chains to point of  commencement: and containing 1800 acres, more or less.  NELSON SAWMILL COMPANY,  ,       *        By M. S. Davys and J. W. Tolson.  _ Nelson, _R_C., February^ntVlSOL __   ___        _ _____  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  Notice is hereby given that George W. Adrian, by big  agent, .Tosiah Fletcher, has filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the John A.-Logan, situated in the Warm  Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake, which he desires to  purchase.  Adverse claimants, if any, a-re notified to forward their  objections to me within 00 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUX ST ALL, government agent-.  Revelstoke, December 22nd, 1800.  Notice is hereby given that. John M. Buckley and Edward J. Roberts, by their-agent, \V. \V. Sprague, lias filed  the necessary pn.pers.and made application for a crown  grant in favor of the mineral claim known as the Portland,  situated in the Warm Springs subdivision, Kootenay Jake,  which they desire to purchase.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to me within GO days from date of publication.  (.5. O. TUXSTALL, government agen  _ R.ovelstoke, December 22nd, 181)0.  Notice is hereby given that W. W. Sprague has filed the  necessary papers and made application for a crown grant  in favor of the mineral claim known as the Tenderfoot,  situated at the Warm Springs, West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their  objections to me within GO days from date of publication...  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, December 22nd, 1800.  *������������WHBiftW^^ r-T^_,  ti ^      __   *tt iF&T^&i/if&rrSfgEEr.  :^-rt^4'- Fttss  Its/::  6  THE  MINEE:'-'   KELSON,   B. C,   SATUEDAY,  FEBEUAEY  UX1891.  ���������?sS  ft  P  &������  f  ii  *."������������������;  A    T������I-J���������AL .PdliET' SOIJ.Vl) "XOCitilNtt.'1' OUTFIT;  m:l  I&'rt-  PR*  A description of,a logging outfit is not uninteresting, even if the outfit described is one typical  of the Puget Sound instead of the Kootenay  Lake country, in all lumbering districts except  that of Puget Sound, winter is the season in  which the logging is done, and the logs are  ^hauled on bob-sleds. On the Sound suihiiH1!' is  the time for that work, because more rain than  snow falls dining the winter months. Down on  the coast an ordinarylogging crew is made up  of 15 men. These with a 10-ox team and a-  O-horse team manage to cut and haul to the  water 6,(K)0A~)()0 feet of log's in the season of 6  months. ������������������;- ���������  There are 2 teamsters���������one for the ox team  and one for the horse team. Except the foreman, that of the ox teamster is the most exalted  position   in the camp.     He marshals his team  back and forth  with  their twitch in,a scientific  not to say a kingly manner.    To start a. heavy  load is no simple feat.    Then, as with deliberate,  measured  tread he conducts the  yoked cattle  over the skids, the eagle eye with which he ever  notes how each "crittur" is pulling is an interesting sight to the witness.    The ox teamster is  a good  linguist, and his vocabulary, chiefly of  epithets, is not abridged.   Indeed, his commands  to his charge are given with a large, open throat.  Even  the cattle, growing used to them  by instinct, have come to regard the oaths sometimes  uttered as a matter of course.    The horse team-  stermanipulates  the   log-car   with   his team.  The log-car is used to convey the logs from the  yard in the woods to the bank where they are  ���������'boomed.''    His position calls for a less trial of  patience, and in that degree is less picturesque.  Both teamsters receive the highest'; pay'of- the  outfit, which is usually $90 a. month and board.  This is because it is necessary to put in full time  caring for their teams,  and also  because both  are usually skilled in blacksmithing and are able  to shoe the horses and oxen.  The position of the chopper is also an import-  ���������ant. one. It is he who fells the inighty trees by  sawing them down. He always has an assistant,  and together they stand on the "chopping  board" for hours, keeping up an almost ceaseless serge of the saw through the tree from side  to side, until finally '-she begins to crack." At  the -'first indication that the tree is ready to go,  both give the prolonged signal of **alioy!" and  then wedge it over until-it falls with a loud crash  upon the desired spot. The chopper's wages  average $85 per month and board. When the  tree is down it is marked and cut into different  lengths by a sawyer'. He is 'required to see that  the teams do not get ahead of him on the supply.  If the teams should get ahead, the sawyer saws  early and late, and if necessary gets out and  puts in Sunday until things are once more balanced. On an average the sawyer draws $80 a  month with his board thrown in. The barker is  the one who "skins" the logs and "snipes" them.  The logs are barked on their riding side so that  they will slip across the skids. During the fore  part of the season when the bark runs it is slipped entirely off, and later in the year when it  sticks, only the down side is'barked.    By "snip  ing  the   logs  is meant   making the front end  slightly pointed so that they will not butt  against the skids. The barker is usually paid  $75 per month. The hook-tender has the most  rushing job in the camp. His work is to follow  in the van of the ox teamster and drive the  hooks into the logs. To know just where to put.  the5! hook by judging which way the log will  ride,, requires not a little skill and no less dispatch. There is a great outlay of strength in  coupling a whole string of logs together with  dog-hooks and th(m the placing of the hooks together with the feat of drawing thern in quick  succession is a great demand on the hook-tender's ability. His wages per month are on an  average $70.  The swamper has the. work of slashing or  clearing away the timber for the skid roads. His  duties are more deliberate than those of the  rest, and.-scarcely  as  severe.    He usually  gets  7 ** * ��������� *���������'  the start on the spring work, and in many  instances works the year round. His  wages are about $50 per month and  board. The skidder follows up the swamper,  levels the road and puts in the skids, which are  small round sticks of timber laid crossways of  the road at intervals of 8 feet for the logs to be  hauled-across.. His work requires exactness and  skill in grading and he is usually paid $60 a  .month. ���������"���������  But the one occupying the truly non-poetical  position is thegreaser.    His paraphernalia complete consists of a swab, a bucket of grease, arid.,,  a pair' of oil-soaked Overalls.   'It', is. he who follows  between   the cattle and  log on a "turn,"  arid, swab in  hand, da.ubs each skid  at  regular  intervals to prevent friction and save the oxen.  When a greaser.is just  learning his tra.de he is  often   allowed   to   work  along  in   front  of  the  cattle until he gets so he can grease" between the  oxen   and   the   log    without   danger   of  being  jammed   by the  latter.     The   usual  routine of  the greaser is to get out into the. woods "before  the team, to some selected spot, where he builds  a fire and  heats  the oik    Then  he is ready to  help  carry the chain  around  for  coupling the  first 'turn.-    He then greases the landing and on  the return sweeps the skids free of the dust, etc.  The greaser's wages are about $40 a month.  The duties of the cook to the camp are always  better appreciated than understood by the  woodsmen. The knight of the kitchen has arduous duties, for he must cater to the tastes of  the '--whole crew, and make it a point to have  ���������meals'readv exactly at the same time each day.  Should he fall short of this the ./howl from the  men would be anything but pleasant. When a  crew of men have labored all day, and have  their usual sharp appetite, they are not petrified  monuments of patience, and-hence a slight disappointment of this kind produces much discord. The cook's sensibilities are necessarily  quickened by this state of affairs. His wages  monthly are $40.  Board is always included with wages, and  there is but one instance where board is  charged, and that is, when the men are not  able to work or in rainy weather. Generally  woodsmen are single, and for that reason the  great majority of them are spendthrifts and apt  to "blow in" their money. Hence during the,  Winter season many of them "celebrate," and  over half come out ih the spring devoid of -  shekels. -      ������������������..������������������������-.    : /'   .-   ���������*   '*IJj8JU-Biie������l and-Iffciplcsss-. Slaughtered."  The commissioner of Indian affairs at Washington received from Elaine Goodale, supervisor  of education at Pine Ridge, South Dakota, a report on the battle at Wounded Knee. She says  the Indians had no intention of fighting; that  the first shot was fired by a young and irresponsible Indian, and indiscriminate firing by the  military followed. She thought the killing of  some of the Indian women unavoidable, but the  fact that the dead Indian hucks were found  lying together, while the dead squaws and children were found scattered about for a distance  of 2 miles tends to show that it was willful.  Miss Goodale goes on to say that she was not a  ���������witness "of the Wounded Knee fight and that  her information has been obtained from the Indians who wef*e engaged in it, and from half-  breeds. The testimony of the survivors of Big  Foot's band, she says, is to the effect that the  Indians did riot deliberately plan resistance. The  demand for their arms was a surprise to them,  but the. majority of them chose to submit  quietly. The tepees had been searched and a  large number of guns, knives, and hatchets ���������confiscated; when the searching of the persons of  the men was begun. The women say that they;  too, were searched, and the knives which they  always carry for domestic purposes were taken  from them. A number of men surrendered their rifles and cartridge belts, when  one young man, who is described as a good-for-  nothing young fellow, fired a single shot. This,  called for a volley from the troops, and the firing and confusion  became general.    Miss Good-  i������  ale does not credit the statement that the women carried arms and participated in the fight.  "There is no doubt," she. says, "but that the  .majority of the women and children had no  thought of anything but flight. They were pursued up the ravines and shot down indiscriminately by the soldiers." The killing of the women* and children was, in part, unavoidable,  owing to the confusion, but miss Goodale thinks  it was in many cases deliberate. The scouts  who buried the dead, report 84 bodies of men  and boys, 44 women, and 18 young children.  Some were carried off by the hostiles.    A num  ber of prisoners', chiefly women, have since died  of their wounds and more will follow. A party  .who" visited the battle-field on January 1st, and  brought in ^report that nearly all the bodies of  the men were lying close to Big Foot's tent,  while the women and children were scattered  along a distance of 2 miles from the encounter,  ���������The. report concludes: ,*The uiain reflection  which occurs tome in connection with this most  ''unfortunate affair is that the same thing should  not be allowed to happen again. The irresponsible action of a^ hot-headed youth should not be  a signal for "a ." general and indiscriminate  slaughter of the imarmed and  helpless."  DO NOT USE P00E MATEEIAL  in buildings when first-class  arc for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON  SAWMILL CO.  Ysird: .At end  of Flssnie in Nelson.  Mill:   Tmo   Miles South of" Nelson.  Builders concede that  the lumber from our mill is ALL.  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same r  delivered   promptly   in   any  part of Nelson.  CORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.  M.  S.   OAV1S,  .     J.  W. TOLSON,  . MANAGERS.  The Kootenay Lake Saw7imll is  always ready for business. Lumber���������good, bad, and indifferent - on  hand or made to order.  G. 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January loth.  Will con tract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  ���������9 hibl' BW,'  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  ihop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Stsc  Main Street, llevelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DBUG-S,   PATENT  MEDICINE  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores. (  CIGARS    AT   WHOLESALE   AMD    RETAIL  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  ?  7-V  ��������� ���������  if*     "������    a\        \ i  **  - * 7  -l1^*'    4 ���������   ���������   V P -  .. f i '' i  ���������-vji ��������� -vaT." ������������������ ��������� L.~n���������i ���������������������������������������������j.rT-i-.iiT������������������r-������������ q^rr*���������"���������,""  "IT   ���������Tnfc n..ii���������y   p  y-. *��������� * TEE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   FEBEUAEY  M,   1891.  Cor: Baker and Ward Sts.        T.   &   H,    MADD EN  NELSON;  B.  G. Proprietors.   '  The Madden is Centrally. Located,  ��������������������������� ���������    v ' ' '  ���������with  a frontage  towards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  T _E_C El       T A B L E  la supplied with everything in the market, the  kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED  WITH   THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. 0.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE   IS   NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE..SAMPLE-BOOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGAES  AND THE FINEST BEAFDS OE LIQUORS.  s>  PROPRIETORS  n  The Pioneer Eotel of Toad Mountain District."  rw\i  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  NKLSO.Y, B5. ���������.  O  O  ON    Sl  EY,  PROPRIETORS.  ty-.-.'.  G+fir'-t  Tho reputation made for this house by  its former proprietor, J. F.WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  ���������S_fi_AM   of   tib ac   wont ELSE'S ' N__W8.-  On the 5th, in New York, silver was quoted at ������1.02] an  ounce ahd lead at ������4.30 a hundred.  ���������A strike of the conductors, brakemen, and^s witch men on.  the Canadian 'Pacific railway is threatened and inay be put  into operation at any hour. It will extend from St.-.John  to Vancouver. Two hundred representatives from all over  the line have approached the assistant general manager of  the road and demanded "an increase of pay. What the,  coinpany terms a reasonable advance was oU'cred but not  accepted. The demand of the.- Canadian Pacific men will  probably be followed by one on the -part of the (Irand  Trunk eniployees, who belong to the same organization  and who are waiting to see-the upshot of this move before  taking action. On the oth the vice-president, of ,t!ie road  claimed that the Canadian Pacific was having trouble  , with conductors and said that certain concessions had  been made to the other men. It was reported at Nelson  that 47'conductors had been discharged between .Port  Arthur and Vancouver, all the old men being let out.  Considerable excitement exists at Missoula,- Montana,  over the discovery of large ledges of quartz in the Black-  foot mountains, the ore assaying $700 to the ton. The find  is about 20 miles from Missoula and easy of access.   .,  The Alaska Commercial Company announces that it is  out of the. fur-sealing business. Its lease of the Russian  rookeries expired on February 4th. It is reported that  Russia has awarded the scaling privileges for the next 10  years to the G-reenwolds.  Lieutenant Schwatka^ the Arctic explorer, who was  fatally injured at Mason City, Iowa, on January."30th, by  falling over a banister in an hotel, died the next morning.  He was a native of Oregon.  Jean Louis Ernest Meissonier, the painter, who had been  ill for several days, died at Paris, France, on January 31st.  He was born at Lyons in 1812.  At the Carbon Hill coal mines in Walker county, Alabama, 40 miles from Birmingham, a mob of armed white  men surrounded a cabin where 9 negroes were asleep.  Without warning the mob opened fire through the doors  and windows. The negroes sprang up in wild alarm at  the first volley, but were in a few minutes all lying dead or  wounded on the floor. There was no chance for escape.  Four were killed outright, and the other 5 severely  wounded, 3 fatally. As soon as the bloody work was done  the mob dispersed, and none have been arrested. The-  negroes had taken the places of striking white miners at  the Carbon Hill mine during the recent strike, and when  the trouble was over the company would not discharge  them. White miners are suspected of the butchery, but.  there is no proof.against them. The affair has created intense excitement at the mines. Officers of the mining- company say they will protect all the miners alike, without regard to color, and have ordered a case of repeating rifles.  Race prejudice among the miners runs very high.  Jake Kilrain of Baltimore and George Godfrey of Boston,  heavy-weight professors of boxing, have signed articles to  box to a finish before the California Athletic Club of San  Francisco for a trophy. v  The czar of Russia is growing more morose and religious  than ever. The proceedings against the Mennoitcs, the  Roman Catholics, the Jews, and others are prompted by  the czar in person. He is determined to establish the orth-..:.  oclox Greek as the sole religion of Russia. From remote  parts of the country terrible atrocities are reported inflicted  on helpless sectarians who persist in clinging to their old  creeds.  It is reported that secretary Blaine will send to the senate reciprocity treaties with the countries lying south of  the United States and possibly one with Spain, based upon  the provisions of the McKinley bill.  An unexpected scene in the Italian parliament was  brought about by the resignation of premier Crispi on January 31st. In his speech in favor of the whisky bill he said:  "Italy has been subservient to all foreign powers since 1874."  This brought forth a storm of protest. Secretary of public  works Fiaati, who was a member of the cabinet of 1874,  left his seat by the side of Crispi. Crispi was unable to  continue his speech, being hissed down. Finally he announced his resignation, which was received with wild  cheers. .'  SMALL    NaK^SSTS  -OF'   SfEWS. ;  The snow at Nelson is about 7 inches deep, and at the  Silver King mine about 6 feet. During the week ending at  noon today, the .thermometer was lowest on Saturday  night, 15 degrees, 'and highest on Friday afternoon, 36 degrees.    At 2Veloek today, it registered 44 degrees.  Mike Burns, although not a property-holder, is one of  Nelson's most energetic contractors. When he undertakes  a contract he finishes it, even if he has to make an old-  fashioned bee to do it.  In   relocating   an   extension   of the  Highland,   in   Hot  Springs district, last week, there was a, race for the mining recorder's ollice, in "which halt' the able-bodied men in ,  Ainsworth took part.  The other half remained up all night  so as to be present at the finish.  The excavations for the Citizens' waterworks tanks will  be completed by Tuesday, when the tanks will be placed in  position and properly caulked. The flume'to bring the  water from Ward crock will then be put in. Nelson (tan  get along another year without more expensive waterworks.  Probably Charles Molsen is as well posted on the topography of the lake country as any man in it. He unreservedly stales that the wafer in Kootenay valley has, for  the last 2. years,-been below the average; and that even  now, the land reserved for the G-rohmau reclamation syndicate is under water and practically useless. He states  that the water remains on the surface and does not drain  oil', and that the only feasible way of reclaiming the land  is by dyking it.   Treii-BSEeiiS  of BEcIVaclory Ores.  The Gres Reduction Company of England has  a new patented process for the reduction of refractory ores. The principal features of the process appear to be its .simplicity and inexpensive-  ness.    There is nothing complicated'about, the  method by which the /reduction of the r efractory  gold oi-e is obtained. The ore, having been ground  to powder is transferred into a furnace, where it is  subjected to a t h"orougli roasting'./by hot air, wit h  ���������������������������the. result that a complete oxidation of the sulphurets 'and arsenical; ores takes place, the  gold being freed by these .���������artificial meaiis.  The next step is to pass the ore ��������� now in the condition of a fine '.rouge-like- .-product���������-to the  amalgamators, where the -..powder is ground  with water until the gold has flown to its iiat-  ural amalgam, when it is 'drawn off and is ready  for retort distillation in the laboratory. A fi'ir-  naee, it is stated, can be erected for $1000 arid, as  a rule, from such materials as are to be found in  the neighborhood of any .mine, while the cost of  treating a ton of ore amounts to something like  60 cents only. The ore from the. Mount Toi'rens  mine treated by the-'ordinary-.process is said to  yield but 5 pennyweights of gold to the ton,  whereas by this company's process the result is,  roughly, 1 ounce of gold and 2 ounces of silver  per ton, an astonishing ditference in the yield.  When  Three  Aces: Runt. Four  Kings.'"''/  Billy Emerson, the well-known minstrel, once  visited the Sandwich Islands and delighted king  Kalaka.ua with his performances.   The^sovereign  and the funny man became friends quickly, and  the king asked Emerson to the palace. A game  of poker followed, of course, for if Kalaka.ua  liked anything it was poker. Rumor had it that  Emerson won quite a, pile from the Hawaiian  ruler. That each held some strong hands was  soon known in Honolulu, for the next night at.  the theatre Emerson put this conundrum to the  end man: \'When will 3 aces beat 4 kings'?." ���������  The end man gave it up, and Emerson explained  that he held the 3 aces, while the hand against  him consisted of the king of clubs, the king of  diamonds, the king of spades, and the king Ka-  lakaua. The royal poker player was in "'the  theatre, and, true to his' easy good nature,  laughed heartily instead of frowning at the joke.  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  NELSON,  B.-C.  SODERBERG   &  JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  ,-  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE  TABLE  is  acknowledged   the  best  in the mountains.  T_Ea:_e_ _e_^___R  is stocked   with   the  best liquors  and   cigars  procurable  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  ���������*-  RTS3S1  Q pr  TRAIL' CHEEK,  B. C.  w-. bc. s*oi;_>t^i>.,v :..._*i_or-ti5-T4)Bt  The Gladstone is the best, kept hotel in flic Trail (/'reek  mining (list ricf, its proprietor being a. caterer df experience.  The table will always he supplied with the best of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with choice liquors  and cigars, including Hi ram Walker <fc Sons' pure rye  wliiskies.    Oood stabling for animals.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that, application will be made to  the parliament of Canada at its next session for an act to  incorporate a company with power to construct, equip,  operate, and maintain a line of electric, telegraph and telephone from Sproat's Landing on the Columbia, river, in  Kootenay district, to the boundary line of the province of  British Columbia, together with all necessary power's,  rights and privileges.  'Dated at 'Victoria, B. C, this 12th day of January, 1891.  CHARLES WILSON, solicitor for applicants.  MclNTViiK & Codk, Ottawa agents.  i_*_i_������i_mwi������m_j^^ i  8  THE   MMEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUKDAY, TEBBUAEY  14,   1891.  Main Street,  EEYELSTOKE  Bailroad Avenue,  "VsT_E_COJlJ^E_S_A.X__B_   _A_IT_TT_>   _R_ET-^IT_,  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company" and Hiram Walker & Sons' "Whiskies.  eriioxi and  SMALI.' 'NI1������������E.TS-   WF    ���������BWS.:  On Monday a party of men commenced removing obstructions from, the channel of the Columbia river at Kootenay rapids, a mile below Sproat. .The party is in charge  of A. Linquist,: who was the mate of the steamer Lytton  last season. The water in the'river is said to be lower than  usual for this season of the year.  A half interest in the International hotel at Nelson was  sold last Saturday for $2000. -Bruce Craddock was the purchaser and. William Hunter the seller. The International  will now bc.nianaged by Dawson & Craddock.  Timber for an addition to the wharf at Ainsworth has  be.-n rafted to the wharf-site. As yet, it is not known  whether a new wharf will bo built this summer.  Ainsworth may not have quite as many imposing business houses as Nelson, but it boasts of the finest fitted up  saloon in the Kootenay Lake country. It will bo open for  business in the early spring���������long before Joe Fletcher's  crop of new potatoes is in the market.  rl he contract for furnishing the lumber for the railroad  wharf -.at Nelson has been awarded to.G. O. Iiuc.hanan.6f  the Kootenay Lake mills, the quantity required is 110,-  ���������00 feet.  As usual, when away from home, Tom Collins had an adventure 'when down in Washington purchasing a horse.  On the return trip from Colvillo, and when about 5 miles  bciow Little Dalles, he was surrounded by wolves and  only-escaped by the skin of his tooth. lie does not know  whether to attribute' his good hick to_ the floefness of his  horse or the appearance on the scene of a panther.  People intending to visit the lake country this summer  need not postpone their trip for fear of being compelled to  take their "cocktails" and "mint.juleps" without ice. The  managers of the Nelson meat market, have now over 100  tons stored away in their ice-house, that put in this week  being about _._��������� inches thick.  The Davics-Say ward saw and planing mills at Pilot bay  are reported to be in first-class running order by William  Cooper, who helped erect them. Mr. Cooper lias framed  barns in Ontario, erected derricks in the oil regions of  i ennsylvania, .worked on the. .great Union stock-yards.-at  Chicago, helped build Bismarck, Dakota, and ���������never before  lived m a country where he could work every.day in the  year at remunerative wages. 'Verily, .the Kootenay Bake  country is a great country.  Last Monday captain Davies and the MidgV; undertook  to tow a boom of timber from above ".Bogustown" to the  ���������railroad wharf-site at Nelson. I here was a pretty strong  .head-wind blowing, and at times it was .nip: and tuck,  whether tho ..little steamer was towing the big boom or the  big boom towing the little steamer. Finally, the boom got  the best of the--steamer, and it was anchored at the Citizens' wharf for safety,  J. C. Hykert, the pioneer farmer and customs collector  of the Kootenay Lake country, is one of tiro enterprising:  men of West���������...'Kooieiia.y district���������his energies and money  being devoted solely to the development of the section of  country in which he has.made a. homo. He. intends start-  ' ing a dairy in the spring, milk cows now being on'tiie way  in, and hopes to be able to supply part of the. milk and butler used in the mining camps on tin.' lake, lie has now (lie  only chicken ranch in the country, and expects to have 200  yellow-legged-'..spring chickens hatched Out within this  month, tho lii\sf brood appearing on Sunday last.  "Hi'* Sweet, is lying dangerously ill  from  the Onlena's landing, below Uonner's Perry,  is attending'him.    Skillful  'treatment and  dance goes a. long way towards pulling a <ick  and hundreds 'of  men on the  lake expect to see mr. Sweet  at his post o\\ the Catena on  her lirst trip in in the spring.  ".Charlie" Cole, purser of the steamer Onlena, is no  longer one of the'boys���������-he is a married man.  The road between Bonner's' Ferry and -Kootenay station  is in bad condition, so bad that it is almost impassable.  About 100 tons of freight for the Great Northern railway.is  at the station, but the teamsters will not touch it. Fp-io  last, week   there   had   been   little or   no  snow  and  unless  to make sleighing pr.actica.ble,1  forwarding freight-will surely  lung  fever at  Dr. Ilondryx  careful aftcn-  ma.ii 1 hrough.  enough falls by March 1st  much trouble and delay in  be the result.  A business man, who is as well known in the lake country as he is in Spokane, where he resides, writes a- friend at  Nelson (hat he and his business associates intend opening  a. large general store at Nelson in the spring.  Having completed tho survey of the lands on the -Kootenay reserved for the Grohma.n reclamation syndicate, surveyor McVitfie and party will on  Monday start for the  Lardeaux river, to survey a timber limit for, G, O. Buchanan. Captain Davies will take the party to the'north end  of the lake on the Midge.  A supply of ice for Ainsworth will be obtained at Loon  lake.    J. L. Retallaek lias undertaken the job of .putting  it up. '    . -.,.'���������  Captain Play ward was in Portland, Oregon, on January  26th, and is enjoying his well-earned vacation. He writes  to a. friend in Nelson : "I am enjoying myself first-class. I  have with me the well-known mining man of Hot Springs  district, William Alperson.. He is better than a green  hand at; all-round sport, although at present a little under  the weather."   c ' ���������    : -      , '  The Palace hotel at Rykerf's custom-house is to have op  position in the sprins  Parties are now making arrange  ments to erect the building.  ������������������Thomas Barrett, Nelson's pioneer blacksmith, has sold  his shop and business to Peter Gc'sness. -  Spokane Falls Spokesman, 0th: "The Blue Bell mine,  on the east sice of Kootenay lake, sends out flattering reports through it manager. Development work has been  done to -"the extent that 000 tons of ore are now taken out  daily, at a net profit of f20 per ton. .Ben 'libtry of Butte  lias been secured as general-manager of-the mine and  its smelting works." "flic' Spokesman should have, said  that the Blue Bell was so far developed that GOO tons of ore  could be taken out daily, and that mr. Tib by Would superintend the; working of the mine and also of the smelter,  when one is erected.  Owing to the serious illness of her father, mrs. J. C. Ryk-  ert left the custom house for the east 2 weeks ago. When  within a few miles of Kootenay station, the stage broke  down, compelling her to walk the remaining distance.  The Miner, is in receipt of a communication from  Sproat. As the writer does not sign his name the communication will not be printed, although it relates the doings  of such well-known boys as Jack Evans, Oliver Bedpafli,  and George Spinks, who are putting iu the winter in Mc-  Cleary's ram pasture.  Over 000 pounds of mail matter were received and distributed at the Nelson postoiiice during the 4 weeks ending  February 12th. e Yet, Nelson's postmaster receives the inu-  nih'eent salary of $30 a year.  A Revelstoke man writes a Nelson man: "If you want  to buy some choice town lots there are numbers of them  for sale here at reasonable figures; they even would be  traded for stock in the Kootenay Lake Telephone Company. There are no less than I Uevelstoko townsites,  namely: the Canadian Pacific's, the smelting company's,  the steamboat company's and the Dominion government's."  ���������'Evidently, Uevelstoko is more in need of a concentrator  than a smelter.  If is reported that the collector of customs at Kootenay  Lake has been instructed by the Ottawa authorities to collect duty on all  mining, machinery brought into the lake  country last fall,    'the reason given for this action  is that  the machinery is of a class manufactured in Canada.    The  'machinery brought, in    wa.s an   engine  and   hoist for the  ���������Skyline, and the same for the Krao, 2 .Hot. Springs district  t mines. '   ,  Charles Grossman has laid out a townsite on the Koote-  n.av, G miles above Bonner's Perry, near the point where  the Great-Northern' leaves the. valley. 'I he line of that road  will cross Deep creek about 17 miles from Kootenay station.  WEST   KOOTENAY   DISTRICT.  Notice is hereby given that assessed and provincial revenue taxes for !*!>!'arc now due and payable at my ollico,  Nelson, at the following rates:  22' |������ai*I   on  or  het'ove   the.  liiiih Judo.  One-half of one per cent on the assessed value of real  estate;  One-third of one per cent on the assessed value of personal property;  Seven and one-half cents per acre.on wild land.  W _>������-i5<3  on  <>r aflcB*  the  1st .Sh.v.  Two-thirds of one per rent on the assessed  value of real  estate;  One-half of one per cent on the assessed value of personal  property;  Eight and one-half cents per acre on wild land.  T. II. G1FFIN, assessor and collector.  Nelson, February 10th, 1SD1.  r   AND  AT  (J.{i4e Walsh's)  15 EAST. BAKER STREET.  Posloflscc.. Slorc,   Nelsoit,   IS.  ���������.  AND GENTS'' FURNISHING.'GOODS.  ALSO,   FULL  LINES  OF  Toilet Articles and' Stationery."  HO  ������W^  H  NOT ARY  PUBLIC.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  isas  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  ^^^^^  _,���������>��������������� n .,���������������  'A������'i.  rp^r  It.  J_ I'rt \\\ *������ i   -  1   ������HW .ii' I    Mt i^'.i^c'i    i   r   !- ,    r-  '���������      .   ���������*_*'_     i*,.     I.    %   ���������     ��������������� II ������X        ���������*.-,**     ��������� ���������*       > -_>.".>_���������_. ���������������L_Vff___:___.LV.__I_}i..i_.._-   :

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