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The Miner Jan 17, 1891

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 -7d. <f.  jf  __g_^C^t^L.>  Only  Paper  Printed  iii tlie  liooteuay  Lake iWIbi-  ��������� ���������  ing J>istraefS. '��������� -  For Kales  of SiiX>serJ|)<ion and  Advertising  See Fourth  Pajre.  tfTJMBEE/31.  NELSON,   BKITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  JANUAEY   17,  1891.  A YEAE.  XN'    EXPRESSION    OF   OPINION.  ON    WHICH    MR.   KELLIE    CAN    RELY   AS   BEING  THAT  OF  THE PUBLIC, NOT A  FACTION.  In response to a suggestion in The Miner of  last week, the. residents of the town and district assem bled on Thursday ;hight at R. E.  Lemon's store to give an  expression of op inion  concerning matters affecting West Kootena v  district. The store was fairly \vell-filled, and at  about 8:25 John Tolson was appointed chairman  and called the meeting to order; J. E. Walsh  acted as secretary. Mi. Tolson, on rising to ad-r  dress the assembly,, said : "Gentlemen���������1 beg to  .call on mr, Buchanan to explain to us the object  of this meeting, as I, personally, am not well  informed as to what we are expected to dp."  gentle-  EXPLAININO THE OBJECTS  OF. THE MEETING  G. O. Buchanan :    "Mr. chairman and  men: "A sort of preliminary meeting, or rather  conversation,  was  held  in   mr.   Lemon's  store  last week, and some questions of importance to  us were discussed. There were R/ E. Lemon,  W. Gesner Allan, W. J. Wilson, and myself  present;  and it was then decided that it would  be a good  j-������'  thing  if the  citizens  would get together and discuss these matters publicly, and  that notice to  that, effect should   be given.    I  tried to arrange for the meeting to be held last  week, but  understood that the  idea had,..met  with  objections   by   some   prominent ^ men   in  town.     The Miner inserted a notice   calling  the meeting for tonight, and it was quite a surprise to me, as I thought the matter was ended.  -I had gone home, but came down today for one  to be here to attend the meeting and discuss  questions that interest us all more or less.   There  is  the 4-mile block  question, and   the royalty  question, and the appropriations.    With regard  to the appropriations, these are things it would  be as well to have a talk over.   We have, for* the  past 6  months  done some manful  kicking on  these   matters.    Petitions have been circulated.  I have had no opportunity to sign them, having  missed them each time that they were going the  rounds of the people.     I most certainly would  have signed them.    That is the way to protect  ourselves;  as it  is  now   we are  here   on   the  ground, and  should   be in  a position to know  what we do want.   We should express ourselves  on the differen t questions  that affect us  that  should come up before the next parliament.    I  think, gentlemen, that we should call the attention of our member at Victoria to some things  .���������that, should*be done for this district, and one is  in regard to  the appropriations for roads and  trails.      Mr.   Kellie   was in  these  parts   but   a  short time, and what we want to do is to get up  a definite scheme, a definite idea, on matters affecting as, which will come up at this meeting,  and forward him, as  our representative,  these  expressions.    We are more likely to know what  we want than he is.    I feel sure that is what it  was intended to do at this meeting, and that is  all  that is desired.    As  to appropriations  for  roads and trails, we should consider the advisability   of   securing   a lump   appropriation as  against small ones for specified roads or trails."  R.   E.   Lemon   followed:     "Gentlemen���������We  dont care how the appropriation is made; what  Ave want is plenty of it.    The object of this meeting is to discuss the mining laws now being revised  by  the  mining commission   in Victoria.  G. B. Wright  has asked   us to send  him suggestions as to any modifications we may think  necessary in the mining laws of the province.  The  question is, where are we to find anyone  who  knows  more  about  the  mining question  tli'an they do.    I do not think they know any  more than they ought to.    We can  make suggestions, but that is  all.     They have. William  Wilson, who  has  sold hand-me-down clothing  for the last 20 years���������you might as well make  suggestions to R. E. Lemon, who has probably  done the same for the last 5 years;    There is a  man   from  Cariboo.      There is  G. B. Wright,  whose record is known  all over the  country.  Then  there  is   "pot-hole"''Kellie���������a  man   who  spent $75,000 in getting $75 out of a hole somewhere up in Iliecillewaet or Cariboo���������I dont exactly know where.    Judge Spinks 1 give credit  to as having made a careful study of the "mining, laws.   The object of this meeting is to make  suggestions in writing and send them on to this  commission in Victoria.    I dont know anything  about the mining "laws myself, but there may  be men here who do^    Another thing to be discussed is the wharf discussion.    We tried to get  one before;   but, of course, we were Overruled;  The government has rese rved a portion of the  water front at Nelson for the town;  now, what  we want is an appropriation to build a wharf  there.    We do not 'want' to pay $10 per ton for  freight to any corporation of cold-blooded speculators.    The water front is no use to us without an appropriation.    I believe that we should  have some suggestions on  the mining question,  and some on the railway and royalty questions.  Lately   I   had   the    pleasure   of   meeting   mr.;  Fletcher (one of  the civil engineer staff of the  Canadian Pacific railway.)   He is not satisfied  with the blocks selected for his company.    He  says they were located more from hearsay than  from  actual  knowledge   of   the   country,  and  with  3 or 4 exceptions are  located oh  rough  mountain-sides that are no good for anything.  He  has suggested  to  the  company that they  move their locations to East Kootenay, where  they will become valuable in time for pasture  lands.      However,   there are  3 locations they  want:   the  block at Trail   Creek,   the   one , at  Sproat, and the block that covers Buchanan's  sawmill.    The others they want to move to the  gr*ass lands of East Kootenay.    That is some  thing we want to think about.  J5  Mr. Buchanan: "Well, inr. chairman, so far  as making suggestions to the mining commission is concerned, I have only been a 'miner'for  3 weeks, having been obliged to take out a  license to arrange some mining matters T was  interested in, and 1, for one, can make no suggestions to the learned commissioners���������or unlearned as mr. Lemon would have us think; I  will, therefore, leave them severely alone."  The chairman: "I do not think we can do  much in this matter now, as the labors of the  commission are nearly at an end. While mr.  Lemon says the members of the commission do  not know anything about mining and that the  people here do, yet I think it would be a waste  of time to say anything about that question."  Harold Selous: "It seems to me a Philadelphia lawyer alone could understand the mining  laws; but it will, I think, be a good, thing to let  mr. Kellie know the wishes of the people who  elected him���������or, rather, who did not elect him���������  concerning all matters affecting the district.  With regard to the appropriations, it seems to  me it will be better to wait until we get the appropriations before we discuss them."  Mr. Lemon : "Still another thing. It would be  well to call mr. Kellie's attention to the fact  that, as yet, we have no railroad. Mr. Van  Home said all he wanted was a road over which  he could draw cars faster than Joe Wilson's  pack train could walk. I very much doubt if he  can even do that over the Nelson and Sproat  road. We have no railroad, and we should protest against accepting that piece of road as a  railway. It is dangerous for a man to walk  over, let alone ride over on a train."  Mr. Buchanan:     "I  agree   with   mr.   Selous  and mr. Lemon that all these questions should  be acted  on.    If these  things cannot be made  right   by   petition���������I   mean   the 4-mile-square  blocks and water rights���������then we should be prepared to maintain our rights in the courts.    In  reference to appropriations, we want all we can  get.    Of course we want to convince mr. Kellie  that we  need, and have  a just claim  to, large  appropriations.      Where  the  government  has  spent  dimes  in   West  Kootenay  district, now  that its mineral resources are being developed,  thousands  should be  expended   in   public  improvements.    A few dollars expended here and  there will be of no practical benefit. The appropriation should be so large that any public  Improvement undertaken would be expeditiously carried to completion. Th is ca nnot be  done if the appropriation is divided into small  ones. The people of Nelson have a right to ask  for ah appropriation for a wharf, and one for  Ainsworth also, for that.matter."  George A. Bigelow : "Mr. chairman���������In sel-  lecting these questions for discussion there is  one that we should not overlook, that is the impassable condition of the streets of Nelson. The  government has derived large sums from the  sale of town lots here, yet not a dollar has been  expended in opening streets to make the sold  lots .accessible/ The. go vern in en t has got f ul ly  $45,000 frbm the Nelson district, and it is not  asking too much that a small percentage of that  amount be expended in the district/"  ?>  George__E/R: Ellis:    "Mr. chairman and gen  the notice calling  meeting  tlemen���������From the notice calling this  in The Miner, I did not anticipate  that the  mining-Jaw'question  would come up for discussion;  I supposed that  the  questions on which  public opinion /was  wanted were mainly those  that required legislative action, such as the royalty section of the Railway Aid Act, and appro-  pria.tio.us for needed improvements.    To discuss  needed changes in the mining laws, preparation  is necessary, and 1 have nothing prepared.   The  whole thing as it stands is too  intricate to be  done in a hurry.    There is one provision that  appears so glaringly inconsistent, that 1 "have  no  hesitation   in  saying  that   it should be re-  pea U)d,   that   is   the    section   taxing   working  miners $5 for the privilege of earning a living.  An other is,  the  way in   wh ich   claims  are  located.    Three stakesnare^placred  on   the center  line, and that is all that is required to mark the  boundaries of a claim.    In Trail Creek district  assessment work has been done by locators on  ground that actually did not belong to them.  As to the water-right question, I think that the  water in Cottonwood Smith creek should be reserved for a smelting company or for the use of  concentrators.     Water for household purposes,  could be taken from   the lake, or even, for that  matter, from Ward creek.  [Mr. Selous here interrupted aud joined issue  with mr. Ellis in regard to the amount of water  in Ward creek. In turn, mr. Selous was interrupted by mr. Retallack and mr. Lemon, they  claiming that no questions should be considered  except those relating to the mining'laws; but  the chairman decided that the widest range of  discussion should be allowed, at the same time  suggesting that the people present .were pretty  well informed as to the objects of the meeting,  and that motions would be in order.]  GETTING DOWN  TO BUSINESS.  The suggestion of the chairman- was acted  on by mr..Lemon making a motion for the appointment of a committee to look after needed  alterations in the present mining laws and forward them to the mining commission at Victoria. The motion was carried, and the chair  appointed R. E. Lemon, G. E. R. Ellis, and H.  Selous the committee.  The next motion offered was by mi*. Lemon  and seconded by. mr.'Retallack. It was "that:  the lieutenant-governor in council be requested  to withhold the ' land'granted for building the  Columbia & Kootenay railway until such time  as that road was properly constructed, many of  the curves, slopes, bridges, and trestles on the  completed portion of the road being actually unsafe at the present time." After discussion, the  motion was carried.  Mr. Buchanan then moved "that we reiterate-',  the objections we have hitherto urged by petition  against the granting to railway companies of  a royalty upon the product of mines located  011 lands granted railway companies by  the Railway Aid Act, and we urge mr. Kellie to  favor any legislation that will lead to the repeal  of the royalty clause."   The motion was seconded  Continued; on Seventh I'ag-e.  ,31  '{I  '51  n  gggp^^ THE  MINEK:    NELSON,  B.C.,   SATUEDAY,  JANUAEY  17,   1891;  Goods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect, Claim, or Mine in the  Hot  Springs Mining District.  PPLIES,  Drugs and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth.  AINSWORTH, B. C, and REVELSTOKE,/B.G.  AN    IJXUSILIIXY    MfLI>    WINTSM.  The present ranter is a mild one throughout  all the Rocky Mountain country.     There is no  snow in  the valleys, even as far north!  as the  Jasper house, fully 400 miles north  of Nelson.  The Edmonton Bulletin of Decern ber 14th says :  " D/E. Noyes^leaves this week for the White  Mud lake on the Jasper'.house'"frail with the balance^ of W. Gordon Gumming's trading outfit.  Mr.  Cumming,   who is now at his ranch���������the  Quoru���������south of Calgary, will not return north  this winter.    During their last trip west messrs.  Gumming and Noyes crossed over from the Jasper house trail at White Mud lake to the Smoky  river, the main tributary of the Peace river east  of the mountains, striking it at the site of an  anciently abandoned Hudsons' Bay post called  the Grand Cache, about 180 miles north of the  White Mud lake.    It was the intention to prospect the Smoky for gold, but the season was so  late that it was impossible to make more than a  hurried examination.    This showed gold in fine  dust, but did not prove whether or not it existed in paying quantities.   It also showedindications of coarse gold.and. of gold-bearing quartz  where the course of the Smoky lies within the  mountains.    Mr. Noyes brought with him some  beautiful    specimens    of    crystalized    quartz.  There are a number   of  hot   and   cold sulphur  springs on the Smoky, and deposits of mica and  asbestos   are  spoken   of.     Mountain   trout are  very numerous  in the small tributary streams  and large game is fairly plentiful.    The Indians  have killed  a large number of bear and moose  and messrs. Noyes and Cumming killed a number of mountain sheep.     Mr. Noyes proposes to  bring down  the  heads   by sleighs  during the  winter.    The Indians are well provided for this  fall and there-was  every prospect for a mild  winter.    No snow had fallen at the foot of the  mountains and there had been no cold weather  up to the time of leaving for Edmonton.    Mr.  Noyes believes that the climate along the foot  of the mountains is warmer in both summer and  winter than at a distance east.    A few grains of  oats and barley sown last spring near the Jasper house grew well and ripened fully.    A grass  exactly resembling timothy grows wild and luxuriantly;   and   humming  birds  are  numerous,  while at Edmonton thev are verv rare. \ In win-  ter there is seldom any snow in  the Jasper valley and it is never more than an inch or two in  depth.    A wild vegetable grows in  that region  which   almost   exactly   resembles   the   potato.  Tlie tubers are not. large, but they are prized as  food by the Indians.    The Jasper house Indians  range within a   radius of 150 miles  from  that  point,  north   to   the  Smoky  and  south   to the  Brazeau, coming east to trade at Lake St. Ann,  or going to the  west  side of tlie mountains at  Tete Jaime Cache.   They number about 40 tents  or   perhaps  400  souls.    They  are   not  Indians,  properly speaking, -being descended, from  Iroquois brought from eastern Canada, many years  ago   by   the   Hudson's Bay Company to act as  hunters and  voyageurs.    These   Iroquois intermarried with the white and half-breed employees   of  the   same   service   and   their -.offspring-  have since intermarried to some extent with the  Crees and Stonies.     But the present band art-  still  (-ailed  Iroquois.      They   do   not   consider  themselves  Indians,  however, the present generation   all having  more  or   less   white   blood.  Their territory is covered by Indian treaty, and  they therefore claim  to be entitled   to receive  scrip as half breeds. Although lead ing\ an Indian life they have never come into the Indian  treaty and say they will not, as they prefer to  stand upon their rigbts as half-breeds."  ?>  Tlie  Kaciiig" Career'-of" a Circat Stallion.  The fame of the great trotting stallion Smuggler, whose death at Horriellsville, New York, last  month/will hardly rest upon his achievements  as a sire, as his success in that direction was  limited, he failing to transmit his wonderful  speed to his sons and daughters. The story of  Smuggler's career on the turf is one that was  sensational in the extreme. He was foaled in  1866, being bred by Josiah Morgan, of Columbus,  Ohio. He was by Blanc, son of Irons's Cadmus,  out of a pacing mare bred in Virginia. Smuggler soon became the nominal property of one  Tipton, out in Kansas. He was originally a  pacer, and while in Kansas was used about as  any horse not of blue blood would be. Tipton  failed to pay for him, so the horse went back  into mr. Morgan's possession in 1872. During  that year Morgan put him in Charles Marvin's  hahds fOr development, after .Dan Loin asney  had failed wjth him. Marvin succeeded in converting the horse into a true-gal ted trotter, but  not till he had shod him with 2-pound shoes on  each front hoof. When he was all right Marvin  took him to New York city, as mr. Bonner  talked of purchasing him. Marvin trotted him  over the Prospect track 3 heats in 2:19j, 2:2H,  and 2:21. For some reason mr. Bonner would not  buy him, and colonel IT. S.Russell of Melton,  Massachusetts, bought him for $30,000, September 1, 1873. The following year Smuggler made  a sensational campaign, and a record of 2:20^ in  the famous stallion race at Buffalo, won by  Thomas Jefferson. This he lowered to 2:20 in  the Boston stallion race later on, thus equalling  the stallion record. In 1876 he reduced this to  2:17 at Belmont park, Philadelphia, making a  new stallion record. In July of the same year  he defeated the hitherto invincible Goldsmith  Maid in a 5-heat race at Cleveland, lowering the  record  to  2:16j  In   the  following  in on th, at  Hartford, Connecticut, he made a, record of  2:15^, in the Charter Oak free-for-all race, in  which he met Goldsmith Maid and Judge Ful-  lerton. The Maid won, but Smuggler came in  vvith about as much honor as did the Maid, as  the record he made, 2:15|, was the stallion record for 8 years. The horse broke down in California, and 2 years later was retired to the stud.  Colonel Russell did not succeed with him, and  sold him a few years ago, to F. G. Babcock of  Hornellsville, New York, who owned .him at  the time of his death.  Will  "Afco" .Africa in  Three  Months.  America has been "done" time and again by  English men and women tourists. The customs  and manners of the people, as well as the institutions of the country, were thoroughly examined into and understood after a sojourn of a  month or two in the; large cities of the United  States and Canada. Not to he outdone in studying and exploring new countries and new peoples, an American, and a woman at that, proposes to explore Africa, in 3 months, in that  time learning the home-life of the savages, as  well as bringing back folklore and legend and  romance, on which will be founded a, book, of  course.    Mrs. May  French   Sheldon of Kansas  City, Missouri, is the woman who Is about to  plunge headlong into darkest Africa, not as a  member of an exploring party, but at the  head of it. ���������.'.'���������'"'���������'"   ' ,     ������������������    -'���������" ' ������������������������������������'' ������������������''.:'-.''���������''''������������������''H  Mrs. Sheldon knows full well the difficulties  of the task sheis undertaking from knowledge  gained aside from her studies. She has an inti-  . mate acquaintance with Henry M. Stanley, and  has learned much from him. She is thoroughly  enthusiastic over her proposed venture, and expects to bring back with her a store of Information, which will be the foundation for a book of  more than usual interest. Mrs. Sheldon's idea  in going to Africa practically alone, or at least  not accompanied, but only attended, is to do  something that no other woman has ever done  and bring back something that has never been  brought out of Africa,.  "Men," says mrs. Sheldon, "lose sight of a  great 'many, things in going into a hew country.  They get the geography and topography of the  country, and, of course, something about the  people. I shall go into new fields. I will learn  the home life of the savages. I shall bring back  folklore and legend and romance. I expect to  take a phonograph and bring back some real  African voices."  Mrs. Sheldon says that her venture is no missionary work. It is not in the interest of any  institution or government; it is not to attack or  defend anything or anybody. She is going  simply because she wants to, and is going to run  the expedition herself, and to suit herself. If  she thinks, after haying.investigated, that there  is anything wrong with the present government of the African provinces' she will  say so. If there is a slave trade being carried on  in the country through which she passes she  will openly say so, aud condemn any one who is  to blame. Mrs. Sheldon is to sail from England  in February, and will go first to Zanzibar, thence  to, Mom basso, and then will begin the worst  part of her journey.  In telling of her proposed travels mrs. Sheldon  said: "The expedition shall be entirely my own,  the honors���������if' there be anv���������shall not be  divided, and the criticisms���������and, of course, there  will be many���������must be aimed at me alone. I  shall take my stenographer only to the starting  point in Africa, and from there "I. shall, be; the'  only white woman in the party. . I shall beat-  tended, of course, by several black women. I  shall also have several Arab attendants and  such.military protection as I think necessary. A  band of less than l'o or 20 would find it extremely  dangerous in such a.country. I expect to reach  Mount Kilimajaro, from 200 to 300 miles from  the coast, and in, a country where no white  woman has ever been. 1 shall have special passports from secretary of state James G. Blaine,  and also letters from Stanley. Stanley's name  is like magic in Africa, and altogether I have  little fear but that my little venture will be a  comparatively safe one. I shall be in Africa  three months."  Mrs. Sheldon says that her trip will cost her  $15,000, but that it will be worth all of that to  her, even without pecuniary benefits, which will  not be small.   The'-ISqnfd  S������oa<I to sslteol...  A Chicago north side belle refused to serve  punch at a reception and formulated her position thus:  "Simple lemonade and frappe, yes; with sticks  in them, no.    Styx is the liquid road to sheol."  crana  ������'.' --iVvrAi- BI-   ��������� '.'i -������.���������?��������� ���������"���������:*���������-��������������������������� j.'.. jW������������*j-*'V "-rt... is'JK* ..*=Vi' V.* .1'iCi rl'3< ���������<" -. :.������������������'. .Vj'.-Iji-W.1. ���������,V il."' iJnr"-'.V-Vj..--!--.-..- V -'-i1 !..'J.i"V'V..-/j-.-f-.-A-.''.-."..'^.^.*.:!:' --..'.-I*. <.' {:.Vi.-..-.-.Vi- -i: 1'. .���������������������������:& f. .''���������*,      ^ ,,:~''. .,".���������-.   '-- ' j ?���������-     .'< 'SSI ��������� \i THE   MMEE:    FELSGtf,   B/ 0.,  SATUEDAY,; JANUAEY  17,   1891.  i ������������������"  BQ MIT USE POOR MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  are for sale in any quantity by the  ,-,,1'ard:   At, eniloi'- Flnsne in -Nelson. -.'  ���������      'Mill;/'Two .Miles -"South. of'Nelson.-;'' ;" .���������  Builders concede that the lumber from our "mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the, rough and   _;L;_^i^Sjed^^^ the above:  ��������� ���������'material from uswill have the same .'������������������."  delivered   promptly   in  any  part of Nelson.  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices. ���������-.���������/  '������������������"-'������������������ ���������-.M.'.'S.-.DA-VyS,'������������������:;   j.;. W.._',T������'SLSO.V,     /  '.-������������������'   MANAGERS.  e io  'J3fJ.JLi.li  100*000 feet Lumbar on hand at NELSON.  50,000    "       ���������'���������'       '     "   ;'���������    AINSWORTH.  100,000/"        ";/'/     ..."       MILL.  Parties Purchasing Lots in Nelson  ..;.'/   Off.-. BlJff,I������f N& C^NUITIOiVS-'  will be liberally dealt with in regard to lumber supply.  <3-_ o_ B"croii^AJCT-A_zsr'  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and.guarantee work finished on time.  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: ;Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  AND  Will contract for the erection of any size wood building.  Plans and estimates furnished and bills for-material made.  Job carpentering attended to promptly. Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, East Vernon street.  will do all kinds of  CLEARING   AND   CONTRACT   WORK  in and about  Estimates given on work.       Address, Balfour via Nelson.  BI<rW"''.:'MO$E'E':AKV'��������� PAfiffCS-  IKE.TO   BB'. TRKATKIK-  "A panic must' be treated as a 'disease,' for a  disease it is���������or as .Walter -Baffehot diagnosed  it, "a species of neuralgia, aud the conmmrnty  affected with it must not be starved but nourished . Theory suggests and experience proves  that in a panic, the holders of the ultimate  ba i) k reserves (whether on e ban k or in an y)  should lend to all .that bring, good securities  quickly, freely, and readily. By that policy  they allay a panic; by every other; policy they  intensify it.'' In the same, connection but else-  where the sam e writer- gave as his in at ured,opinion that: ''Holders of the cash reserves mils t  be ready to keep it not only for their own liabilities but to -advance, it most freelv for the liabii-  ities of others. They must lend to their merchants/ to minor bankers, to this man' and to  that man, whenever the security is good. In  wild periods of alarm one failure makes many,  a n d t. he best way to pre vent d e r i vat i ye fail u res  is to 'arrest'., the primary failure  which  causes  them, as was clone in 1S25, when the Bank of  England   lent  money by every possible means  and in modes never attempted before."    " We  took in stock on security," wrote Harma.n-���������one  of the directors-���������"we purchased exchequer bills,  we made advances on .exchequer: bills, we not  only discounted outright, but we made advances  on  the, deposit"of-��������� bills of exchange to an immense   amount;    in  short,    by   every  possible  means consistent with the safety of the bank,  and we were not on some occasions over nice.  Seeing the dreadful state in which the public  were, we  rendered every possible assistance in  our power.1'    And, as JBagehot added,,," After a  day or two of this treatment, the .entire panic  subsided, and the 'city' was quite calm."   Sage-  hot properd^saidv in the very same connection,  that "the problem of managing a panic must  not be thought of as mainly a banking problem.  It is a purely mercantile erne.    All merchants  are under liabilities;    they have  bills to meet  soon,   and   they can only" pay  by discounting  bills on  other merchants.    In  other  words all  merchants are dependent on  borrowing money.  At the slightest symptom of panic, many mer-   j  chants want to-borrow more money than usual,    i  "    ���������* , *    If the  bankers gratify the merchants,    I  they must lend largely just when they like it   !  least;   if thev do not gratifv  them   there  is a.   ���������!  panic. I  We may here add that the Bank of England,  in the panic resulting from the Overend failure  in 1866, advanced as" much as $225,000,000 in a  period  of three in on ths;   th is,   of course,   was  with governmental aid.     On   the other hand,  the same bank, when previously confronted by  the panic of 1825, instead of promptly exerting  all possible  resources and financial appliances,  as Bagehot  declared,  "it at first acted as unwisely  as  it  was  possible   to   act.     By  every  means, it tried to restrict its advances.    The re-.  7 serve being very small, it endeavored to protect  the  reserves  by lending  as  little  as possible.  The result was a period of frantic and almost inconceivable   violence."      The  go vern men t was  applied to for aid'by.the issuance of exchequer  bills,   but refused   to  do  so.      Whereupon   the  bank, upon the urgent advice of sir-Robert Peel  ���������then in office���������made a,n issue of/their "notes  on the security of a deposit' of goods."   Th is was  done "reluctantly by the bank," wrote Peel to  the duke of Wellington, then on  a diplomatic  /mission to Russia.    However,-when this measure was resolved  upon  it was carried out so resolutely and  thoroughly that the panic Was effectively stayed in a very few days.  The   Siberian ��������� Pairilie   fi������aJ2ro������Ml.  The  great  Siberian   railroad  is   making progress,- a  section   of 200 miles having just been  opened, making a total of 500 miles now in.operation.    The first 300 miles are in Europe and 200  miles from the foot of the Ural mountains are  in Asia, and Siberia.- -The cost of constructing  and equipping this last section was about $30,00*0  a mile.    On the vast work of extension to Vladivostok on the Pacific much preliminary labor  of surveying and  mapping has been  done and  actual construction will doubtless soon be under  way, although it  is not likely to be prosecuted  with much rapidity.  I-'have discontinued selling lots in Balfour for tlie, winter  months. -This will give an opportunity for holders to improve the shining hours of winter by selling to their friends  outside./      / ,-������������������   CHARLES WESiLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 2oth, 180o.     /  .   "   "'r/'-.o.. :���������; '/'.NOTICE,' ,";'���������  Notice is hereby given that an application will be made  to the legislative assembly of the province, of .British Columbia, at its next-session','..for'a-n act extending the powers  of the/Crow's Nest, & Ivootenay Lake Bailway 'Company,  and enabling the said company to construct, equip, operate,  and maintain a line of/rail way from a point on the lower  Kootenay. river,,at or near its junction, with Goat river,  thence tothe /Columbia; river in, the neigh borl mod of Fort  Sheppard, witha branch line to Nelson, ."via ���������Salmon river,  and from the Columbia river by way of Osoyoos Jake and  Siniilkamoen river to Hope; thence' following the south  side of the Eraser river to a convenient point for crossing  to New Westminster, and a convenient terminal point on  liurrard Inlet, Vvith power to build  branch lines not, exceeding 30 miles tin length.    And that sections. (j, 7, and 18  of the Crow's Nest & Kootenay Lake Railway Company  act, 1888, maybe amended by increasing the .������������������capital'and  borrowing powers of the company, and to change the name.  of the said company to the  "British  Columbia Southern  Railway Coinpany." CHARLES WILSON,  ��������� "'��������� Solicitor for applicants.  Bated the Hth day of December, 18%  .;.������������������'   NOTICE.  , Notice is hereby given that application will/be made to  the legislative assembly'of the province of British, Columbia for an act, to incorporate the "Nelson 'Waterworks'.  Company, Limited .Liability," a. company organized for  constructing, maintaining, equipping, and operating waterworks at the town of Nelson, West Kootenay district,  British Columbia, and for the purposes thereof, granting to  the company the privilege of taking water from Cottonwood Smith creek or the east fork of said creek/at suitable ,,  places on said creek or creeks,with power to build tluines  and aqueducts, lay pipes, erect dams, acquire lands, and  do all things necessary for the purposes aioresaid.  W. GESNELi ALLAN,  Secretary Nelson Waterworks Company.  Nelson, B. C, January 3rd, 1890.  '���������"���������; NOTICE.   /  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the legislative assembly of the province of British Columbia at its next session to incorporate a company for the  purpose of constructing/equipping, maintaining, and operating either aerial or other tramways in.West Kootenay  district, from the Hot Springs mining camp or any point  within five miles of same, to any.point or points on Kootenay lake; or from the Goat River 'mining."camp ..to- any  point, or points;on Koote nay ri ver, for the piirpose of trans-  ��������� porting ores or other commodities.   ,  G. DUBOIS MASON, solicitor for applicants.  Victoria, B. C, 16th December, 1890.  NOTICE.   ���������'  j ,     Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  I    the legislature of British Columbia* at its next session, for  I   a private bill  to' incorporate a company for the purpose of  j.   constructing and maintaining a railway from some con-  :   veniont point on the outlet of Kootenay lake to a point on  or;-'near tlie southern   boundary of the province.     With  power to construct and maintain branch lines, and also to  construct and  operate  telegraph  and telephone lines in  connection with the said railway.  BODWELL& IRVING; solicitors for applicants.  Victoria, B. C, 12th December, 1890 _./....���������:__.,._.  ' ��������� NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the legislative assembly of British Columbia at its next  session for an act to-incorporate..a company to be called  '"the Kootenay Lake /Telephone .Company,." for the purpose of constructing, equipping, maintaining, and operating  ;. telephone lines within the town sites of Nelson, Ainsworth,  and Balfour, and the district between said townsites ; also  lines connecting these towns with the mines in 'load Moun-  tain and Hot Springs mining districts.  BOD WELL "& IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Datea/I)ecember2Gth  '1S90. -______; ._  .'"'    NOTICE.  , Notice is hereby given, that application .-will bo made to  tlie next legislative-assembly of the province of British  Columbia at its next session for an act to incorporate'a,  company for the purpose of-constructing,..'maintaining, ,  equipping,-and operating telephone lines within tlie town-  sites, of Nelson and SpL\jat's Landing and flic district between said townsites; and also within the townsite of  Vernon and surrounding district. c  CORBOULD, McCOLL & JENNS,  Solicitors for applicants.  Dated this 1st December  '1890. _  NOTICE.  Tin's is to give notice that there will be a .-meeting of the  ���������'directors of the Nelson Water Works Company, Limited  Liability, on Monday, toe 20th day of .January, at 7 o'clock  in the evening, in -the office of. It. E. Lemon, Vernon  street, Nelson, li. C. Agenda: election of provisional officers, consideration of secretary's report;and other matters.  VV. GESNER ALLAN,  Nelson, B. C., January 10th, 1891. Secretary.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that all persons 'having accounts  collectible from the estate of John T. Be'ttus, deceased, are  required to forward me a detailed statement of such indebtedness within GO days of the date of publication of this  ���������notice.-- W. GESNER ALLAN.  Nelson, B. C, December 20th, 1890.  NOTICE.  During .my absence from Kootenay, T. Vincent Thurburn  of Baker street holds my i)ovver-of-attorney. and Mr. Saunders of Balfour to act as'my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms of the'land act.  CHAf/LES \VESrri/Y BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, 1890.  ^T^PT^^^^^^  leasmaswiwaMmitMMasJB^^ THE   MINEE:    KELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUBDAY,   JAE"IJAEY> 17,   1891.  I  I.  The Miner is pkinted on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six. months $2.50, one year $4.r  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at ���������the  rate of $3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of Over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents'a line for the lirst insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as,12.lines.  BrRTii Notices kree if weight of. child is given; if  weight is not given $1 will be charged. /Marriage  'announcements will be charged from $1 to ������10���������according to the .social'standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing in good style at fair rates. Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  in-stock;:. /���������" ''���������-���������"      - <*,-  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name.'. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," ''Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters :  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  E2>IT<J>KIAJL   ItflSMAlfcteS.  The public  meeting- at  Nelson on: Thursday'  night was what it purported to  be:    A discussion  of questions concerning  the people,  by the  people,   and  not a  cut-and-dr/ied affair  with  a  prearranged   outcome.      It   was   attended    by  laborers,   mechanics,   miners,   merchants,   and  professional men." Everyone/present had an opportunity to make known his views oh the royalty, ,.4-inile-square block, water, and appropriation  questions.    While opinions differed as to  the best method to obtain the objects sought,  all   agreed  that   the   tax   on   working   miners  should be done  away  with;   that the  royalty  clause   in   the'���������-Railway Aid  Act should  be re-  pealed; that the Columbia & Kootenay railway  should be  required  to  locate  its i-mile-square  blocks "so as to ineludeno occupied lands within  their bo u n d arie's; th at the water in Ward an d  Cotton wood Sin ith creeks should be held in trust  for the uses of the people of Nelson as an incorporated-, town,   and  not  granted away   to  any  water  company;   that   the   appropriations  for  roads,   trails,   and   bridges  in   West  Kootenay  district/should be a lump one, and not divided  into specified sums for specified roadsor trails.  In regard to matters concerning Nelson, it was  the unanimous opinion that, as the  provincial  treasury   was   directly enriched   by the  sale of  lots   in   Nelson,  that  a portion   of the  money  should be expended in grading its streets and  buiId i n g a wharf.    From th is time on, m r. Ke 11 i e  cannot be in doubt as to public sentiment in. the  Nelson division of his district.    If he acts in accordance with this public sentiment, he will not  go far astray ; certainlyr not   in matters of  but  purely local concern.   "  .  ft   was   generally   understood    that   colonel  Baker,  at the last session' of the assembly, secured an appropriation of $1500 for a wharf at  Nelson.    If such a. sum was set apart for that  purpose,   the  assistant 'commissioner' of   lands  and works  for West Kootenay district did not  make the fact known to the people of Nelson on  his  visit  here in July.    He  stated that   a sum  ($(5000 or over) was available for public improvements,   and   asked   for an  expression  of public  .opinion   as   to   bow   the   money   should   be expended.    The  public  saw the great need  of  a  wajyon   road  to  the   mines on Toad mountain,  and  were willing that  the bulk of  the money  should  be expended on  that road.    Instead  of  $6000 or   over being available,  only $5000 was  disbursed,   the   other   thousand   or  over   being  withheld.    Thus, it  will   be  seen  that  if  $1500  was appropriated for a  wharf, it was an appropriation with a "string''to it, and at the proper  time the "string" was pulled and the appropriation vanished.    The Miner recently called the  attention of the government to the need of a  wharf at Nelson, and that as the ownership of  the water frontage remained in the province the  province should build the wharf; also, that the  work should be done this winter, not only because the work could be done with less expense,  but because it could be completed in time to be  available  for the spring traffic.    The Victoria  Colonist, in commenting on the question, says:  "Nelson,will, no doubt have its wharf and tlie  "other   conveniences   that  it   needs*   in   good  "time.    The policy of thegovernment is to en-  " courage progress and enterprise, and if Nelson ,  "does not get oh as well and as fast as its most  " enthusiastic friends desire, the fault will not  " be the government's.   We cannot see what ob-  " jection the Columbia. & ���������Kootenay;Steam Nav-  " igation Company caii .have to the erection of  "one or a half-dozen wharves a,t Nelson or any-  " where else along its route.    The more facili-  " ties there are for trade oh lake and river, the  "better it must be for the company.    If there  "are parties, which we very much doubt, who  '��������� wish to place obstructions in the way of im-  " provement in or about Nelson,  we are quite  " sure that the government will pay very little  "attention to their representations, no matter  " what   influence   they   may   be   supposed   to  "possess.". ,   ;-!   ,    ���������,., ":���������.���������������������������-.���������:   ',. ."  There is no mistaking the position of the'Vic-.  J toria Times.    It' is "forninst" the Robson government.    The men  who compose the government are its woe, and woe be unto anyone who  takes up the cudgels in their behalf.    According ,  to the Times, the Robson government is incapable of doing good.    The premier is possessed of  certain-������������������..qualities that are'-'-the reflections of virtues,  but they are passive, and his faults  are  active; the attorney-general shows no capacity  for political life or relish for the broad aims and  high resolves that dignify it,the chief commissioner of lands and works goes a-gunninggenerally, and returns occasionally to the office when  telegraphed for to sign anything that is peculiarly inconsistent; the finance minister is deemed  unworthy of notice in a "political summing up."  The Times can see no  good  in   the  individual  members of the government,  and less  in  any  measure they adopt to alleviate the "woes" of  the people.    It can see no good in the mining  commission, and asks the legislative assembly  to pass them by unnoticed.    The Times may be   i  right in regard to the general imbecility of the  government, but   in   the calling together  of  a   I  mining coin mission   it surely performed a wise   |  action.      At   present   the   mining  laws   of  the   j  province are a 'badly mixed job lot of ambiguous   j  and  conflicting   paragraphs,  yearly   becoming  worse   mixed   by legislative amendments.     No  better 'way to remodel these paragraphs and put  them in practicable shape could be devised than  by allotting the work  to men who are believed  to   have a practical   knowledge of mining as a  business., __ _ .   . ,  Tlie Victoria. Times is of opinion that assemblyman Kellie acted unwisely in becoming a member of the mining commission. The Miner differs with the Times. It believes that the; mining commission will do the work entrusted to it  with wisdom, and that the result of its labor  will'be the enactment of a good and workable  mining law.' Knowing nothing of the motives  underlying mr. Kellie's selection as a member of  the commission, mr. Kellie's acceptance of a  seat on the commission was in good faith���������a  faith that he could be of benefit to his constituents. Notwithstanding the strictures of the  Times, the people of West Kootenay, while not  abject "Supporters of mr. Robson's government,  are not factious in their opposition, and have  confidence/in their member of the legislative assembly. '���������������������������.��������� ������������������''��������� -���������-   .,".;//���������..;/ ;: ���������..���������������������������"-.������������������"���������'/  Victoria prides herself on  being unlike other,  Canadian.-towns.    Her people claim that there  is little in common between  them and the people/of other parts Of the Dominion; that they  are   English ��������� not    only    in   action,    thought,  speech, and e very-day life, but in business methods as well.    If her hotel-keepers are representative types of her people and their civilization,  then   the   people of Victoria are as unlike the  genuine English as the jackal is unlike the lion,  or the  coyote the grizzly bear.     The  genuine  Englishman may, at times, be gruff of speech  an d brusque i u 'in aim er;   but th ere is always ;a  little   humanity- underlying  the  g-ruifness and  brusqueness.     If the following  from the Victoria Times of a, recent date is true, there is little  that  is humane in  the - composition   of  any of  Victoria's   hotel-keepers,   and   Canadians    can  truthfully exclaim : " In no Canadian city would  such inhumanity be shown :"   "Amongthe passengers from   Westminster -last night  was a  colored man, who by some unfortunate accid-  " ent lost his sight,.    He had no relatives in the  "royal city, but tlie people got up a subscrip-  " tion to send him to friends in San Francisco,  " and he will leave for  that place by the boat  " tomorrow..���������  The man "oh arriving in this city  "engaged a hackmau and drove to the different...  " hotels, but   no one would take  the man   in.  " The haeknian then drove to the,police station,  " and an officer tried in   vain to hud a place for  "the man to go to, and a bed in one of the cells  " had  to be finally allotted to the unfortunate  ;' man."  The Indian war in the "badlands" of South  Dakota, has resulted in the death of near onto  100 soldiers and settlers and the wounding' of  "many more, the killing of hundreds of Indians,  and/the removal of colonel Forsythe from the  command of the Seventh cavalry. All because  an Indian, named /"Little,, killed, a steer without;  permission, in due form, of the Indian agent at  Pine Ridge agency.  'Schools, academies, colleges, and universities  are the recipients of mill ions annually in bequests from rich men a.nd women, the millions  being used in "educating" thousands of young  men and Women to be utterly helpless when  turned on the world to earn a livelihood. These  liberally, aided institutions of learning graduate  men and women for professions already filled to  overflow and "cram" others with a superficial  book learning that is utterly useless in combating the problem, "How to get 3 square meals a  day." Many of the people making these liberal  bequests were thoroughly practteal in every-day  life, but, somehow, few of -them seemed to .understand that their donations are generally used  in instilling in the youth of the count ry a dis-  like for'all .that is practical, or for all calling's  that are not classed as "professional." if more  bequests were made to create "Professors of  Scientific Cookery," and fewer made to create  "Professors of Systematic Divinity," a long-felt  want, that of good cooks, might in time be-sup-;  plied. Five or 6such graduates could find ready  employment at good wages at Nelson, small  town as it is. Who .will make the bequest for  such a professorship in the British Columbia  ���������-* '���������> /���������  college-  Advices from Victoria are that mr. Borland,  an independent and anti-royalty man, will be  returned to the assembly from Cariboo district.  mSMS!  ^������������^3^^ THE   MItfEE:    NELSON,   B.   C,   SATTJEDAY,  JANUAEY  17,   1891/  Dealers in Dry Groods, Grroceries,. Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is full and comnlete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods  and compare Prices.  Main Street, EEYELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Yernon Street, NELSON.  A   'BILL".' THAT' SlIOIILI*    BECOME    LAW.  Mr. St. John is a practical banker of reputation and standing in the business world and not  to be classed with the reckless and radical silver-  leaders of the west, who, with purely demagogical purpose, are bent upon unlimited inflation  of the currency, regardless of the requirements  of safety. In suggesting the necessity of providing against contraction as well as against ���������inflation,-it opens a line of thought, which is decidedly too little followed in current financial discussions, and in its similarity to the note issue  arrangements of the/Bank of France, it reminds  us of the vastly superior position occupied by  this latter country among all the nations of the  earth   in   these   troublous   days   of   monetary  stringency and  business disturbance.    The  essential and distinctive feature of the bill prepared by mr. St. John, and introduced at his request by senator Plumb, is the substitution of one  kind of paper money, and that a new kind, for  all the forms  now in circulation.     These new  legal-tender notes being based on a 40 per cent  coin reserve.     This reserve, it is  important to  note, is to consist of both silver and gold to be  held, for the redemption of the notes.    At the  same time the mints are to be thrown open to  the free coinage of standard gold and silver, allowing owners of bullion to receive the proposed  new notes at coinage value instead of the coin;  but not allowing  them   to demand thereafter  either uncoined gold or uncoined silver, except  at the secretary's discretion, and the secretary's  terms.    The most essential feature of this plan  is  obviously the issue of a new kind of paper  money, as the only kind to be allowed, on the 40  per cent double reserve of gold' and-sil ver.    The  similarity of mr. St. John's scheme to the system of note issue by the Bank of France is at  once apparent.    Through years of war troubles  In France, paper money (Bank of France notes)  to the amount of 1,800,000,000 francs, was issued  and kept at par by means  of a. coin  reserve of  600,000,000 francs or 33 per cent (about one-half  gold), and this  paper money never for a single  moment lost its value or fell to a discount until  the indemnity payments were made to Prussia.  The   same   arrangement   still   continues   with  great success.    It is well known, too, what excellent service the Bank of France has rendered  to  the government and to industry all along.  Only this year, too, we have seen how strong is  the monetary position of France as compared  with   either   England   or    the   United   States.  When money has been   disastrously congested.  in  both   the  latter  countries,   and liquidations  have been the order of the day, in France there  has been no stringency, no great failures, and  no  general disturbance  of  the  markets.     The  Bank of France stood like a rock while the great  house of Baring Brothers shook on its foundations, and the New York banks were driven to  the extraordinary device of clearing-house certificates.   The Bank of France cannot be drained  of its gold  reserves.      Under  that  system   no  clique of speculators can get hold of the bulk of  the gold  in  the  country,  lock   it   up in  their  boxes, and   so. create an artificial money strin  gency for their own purposes. Frenchmen, the  ablest ..'financiers in the world to-day, possess  that blessing through the agency of their bank;  and the remarkable similarity of "mr. St. John's  scheme to.the methods of that admirable institution is what makes it specially worthy of consideration.  I'arneirs Once Great Power.  No political leader in English history���������not  Walpole, nor Chatham, nor Pitt, nor Fox, nor  Peel, nor Gladstone���������has held such absolute  sway over his party as Parnell; and no leader  was ever more cold, indifferent, cynically disdainful, even of his own following.    Ireland has  furnished other farnpns chiefs���������Swift, Flood,  Grattan, O'Connell���������for whom the popular enthusiasm has been wrought at times to passionate fervor; but no Irish leader, although without eloquence, or flattery, or deference, and  with such superb scorn of the opinion of others,  has'exercised so great a supremacy, or brought  the cause of Ireland so near its happy issue.  The secret of his power lies in the ability with  which he lias made home rule for Ireland the  central question of British politics, by ���������winning  the support of the great party in England, with  its illustrious chief, the greatest English party  leader of modern times. To this result, doubtless, the time and circumstance have combined,,  but that does not discredit the ability which has  comprehended both, and turned them to the  service of a cause.  Canadian Pacific Railway  0UB NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  3STO   0^31-A.ZSrGf-JES-  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay Lake SBsippers will be consulting'   their   own   interests  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  VANC0UVEE, g r^nonsTT^s^x,,  NEW WESTMINSTER g!^11^^^3  VICTOEIA, % 1o:e������������������io_a.C3-cC  AND  ALL POINTS   EAST.  Por rates,  maps,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,   apply  to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D. E. BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr't & Pas'r Agr't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B. O.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  Notice is hereby given that S. ,H. Cross, G. W. Coplcn,  and E. E. Alexander have filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim, known as the Morning, situated on Toad mountain.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to file their objections with me within 60 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Nelson, November 10th, 1890.       _____  ______''_.\_______  Notice is hereby given that S. H. Cross, G. W. Coplcn,  and E. E. Alexander have filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the Evening, situated at Toad Mountain,  West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to forvyard their  objections to me within sixty days from date of publication. G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Nelson, November 10th, 1890.  Notice ischereby given that George W. Adrian, by his  agent, Josiah Fletcher, has filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in faA^or of the mineral  claim known as the John A; Logan���������'��������� situated in the Warm  Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake, which he desires to  purchase.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to forward their  objections to me within 60 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, December 22nd, 1890.   Notice is hereby given that John M. Buckley and Edward J. Roberts, by their agent, W.W. Sprague, has filed  the necessary papers and./madc application for a crown  grant in favor of the mineral claim known as the Portland,  situated in the Warm Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake,  which they desire to purchase.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to me within 60 days from date of publication.  G.; C. TUNSTALL, government agen    ",  Revelstoke, December 22nd, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that W. W. Sprague has filed the  necessary papers and made application for a crown grant  in favor of the mineral claim known as the Tenderfoot,  situated at the Warm Springs, West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their  objections to me within 60 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent,  Revelstoke, December 22nd, 1890.  APPLICATION   FOR   WATER   RIGHT.  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to tlie honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority ������������������  to take three hundred inches of water from a spring of  water now flowing in three branches through 'my'preemption near Nelson, in West Kootenay district, at any point  from its source or throughout my preemption, to be conveyed across the land reserved by the government and my  preemption, to any portion of my said preemption or the  town of Nelson,,where water vvill.be required for irrigation,  manufacturing, milling, and household purposes; for a  term of ninetv-nine years. J. D. TOWNLEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890.  APPLICATION   FOR   WATER   RIGHT.  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take one thousand inches of water from Cottonwood  Smith creek, near Nelson, in West Kootenay district;  commencing at a point where the said Cottonwood Smith  creek first enters my preemption or at any point where it  flows through or at its exit from my preemption or thereabouts, to be conveyed through the lands reserved by tho  government and my preemption to any portion of the said  town of Nelson whore water will be required for milling,  manufacturing, and household purposes for a term of  ninetv-nine vears. J. D. TOWN LEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890._   TIMBER   LEASE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after date I intend  making application to chief commissioner of lands and  works for permission to lease for timbering purposes, for a  term of ten years, the undermentioned tract of land near  Nelson, West Kootenay district, situated as follows: Commencing at the southeast corner post of my present limit,  thence running south 100 chains, thence west 100 chains,  thence north 100chains, thence east 100 chains, to point of  commencement; containing 1000 acres more or less.  M. S. DAVYS, for Nelson Sawmill Company.  Nelson, B. C. November 4th, 1S90.  I THE  MIKEE:    NELSON,  JB.   G.,   SATTJEDAY,   JANUAEY; 17,   1891.  HOW    TUKKISII. HAREMS'.'ABE   SUPPLIED.-  WORLD-FAMED   BEAUTIES   WHO",' DO    NOT    BEAR  CLOSE   INSPECTION.  A great deal has been-written about the beauty  of Circassian women,; arid a good deal that is exaggerated. The wonienr according to the Turkish idea, are as fair as the houris of Mahomet's  paradise. What are called Circassian beauties  are found not far from Batum, in the towns and  neighborhoods of Akhaltsikh, Ozurgete, and  Zugdidi. They are also to be found in the north  of the Caucasus, about Anapa: and the  small villages extending from that town to  Lochi on the coast. They are mostly poor peasant girls. They have lovely eyes, 'but-.without,  much expression. Up to the age of 14 they have  attractive features, but after that: age they  gradually begin to grow worse in appearance.  The hair is sometimes fair, sometimes dark, and  always abundant. They marry at about 13 or  1-L; and age so rapidly afterwards that at 20 they.;.  look like women of 40.  It was from the neighborhood of Zugdidi that  the, sultans, of Turkey, cin   the, days  of  their  empire, procured  girls  for their  harems.    The  poor Circassian parents readily disposed of their  offspring for a few piastres, -a horse, Or a gun,  andthe girls were borne away to be sold at an  enorirumsly advanced price in Stamboul.  ��������� Here, it was that Saltaneh was found, the fair  ' 'Circassian who exercised such a baleful influence-  over Abd-el-Aziz and led him to that neglect of  his int.erests 'which ultimately cost hiui his  throne and his life. Saltaneh was the daughter  of a peasant in humble circumstances living-  near Ozurgete. Eyen when only 10 years of age  she wa s n oted for beauty an d. her lovely j lustrous eyes. She was picked up at 11 by a slave  dealer from the Turkish capital, who paid for  her the unusually high price of 100 piasters. He  took her to Constantinople and put her on exhibition after the fashion still prevalent in that  city, although no longer countenanced by law.  The dealer does not. go into open market and  he does not call in the public. Like a dealer in  high-class paintings or statuary, he has his,line  of customers, and "extends to them a special invitation. They come and view the human chattel,  and the highest bidder carries off the prize.  These sales are going on all the time in Constantinople, and the government winks at them,  while to������������������ western ears professing, a horror of  slavery.  Diraz pacha, at that time governor of Kar-  pov, in Asia Minor, was on a visit to Constantinople, on a summons from the sultan, to explain some discrepancies in the revenue returns  from his province, the discrepancies being that  (.Diraz was waxing very "rich' and the returns in  the way.' of revenue to the imperial treasury  were getting poor. Such a condition of affairs  was all-sufficient for the sultan to take action  on, without:,'any absti'use examination of accounts and details. The Turkish ruler had no  objection to Diraz pacha robbing somebody,; but  it must not be the sultan. Consequently Diraz  was in disgrace and'apprehensive of something  worse, when he had the good fortune to be invited to see a young Circassian slave. Her rare  beauty impressed Driaz as it impressed everybody else. He bid an extravagant price and  won the girl. That same afternoon she was on  .iier-way to tlie sultan's palace, a gift from the  delinquent governor of Kai'pov. Diraz pacha  went hack to his post a week later with a clean  bill of health.  From the first the fair Circassian fascinated  Abd-el-Aziz, and, from an artless child of the  ���������fnn.untu.ine, she became as active an intriguer as  any ��������� inmate of the harem. Powerful officers  feared her influence, and former favorites  learned to hate her. She used her power not  always discreetly, and it was obvious that it  weakened the sultan in the opinion of his subjects; for the Turk is eminently jealous as well  as contemptuous., of feminine -interference in  state affairs. The overthrow of Abd-el-Aziz and  his untimely death are matters of history, and it  is well known in Stamboul that a woman was  chiefly responsible. Sultaneh disappeared about  the time that the unhappy sultan perished. Her  fate is a matter of conjecture.  Plowever,   the countries   formerly   known   as  Circassia and Georgia have not ceased altogether  to be sources of supply for- Turkish harems,  although now the business is simply one of de'-.  .coyihg-. or kidnapping. Only a few weeks ago a  poor woman entered Batum and told a sad story  to the Russian authorities. She had been carried off from her home near Akhaltsikh, while  working in the fields^ by 2 men who suddenly  approached and overpowered her, promising to  spare her maltreatment if she made no outcry.  The men proved to be slave dealer's from Rizah,'  a maritime village of Asiatic,Turkey^ 35 miles  east of Trebizond. The woman was consigned  to a harem in that town. She was at first kept  a close prisoner, but after several months  allowed to go out with an attendant, it being  supposed that she was reconciled to her new existence. She took the first opportunity to escape,  and the statement that she made to the Batum  authorities was certainly startling, apart from  and in addition to her own adventures. She  said that many Russian womemwere detained  as she had been in the harems of Asiatic Turkey  and that she had come into contact with several  of these unfortunates. ���������  The Russian j)()lice are now investigating, with  a view of securing the release of the captives.  So far they have met with little success owing  to the secrecy which, like an almost impenetrable wall, surrounds the domestic life, of the  Women of Turkey.  As recent dispatches have shown, the  troubles in Armenia.-are largely attributable to  the recruiting of Turkish households from a  Christian population. The Armenian women  are more beautiful, according to the western  Caucasus. They have small hands and feet,  regular features, clear complexions, and heads  of the finest European type, for they are closely  akin to the superior races of Europe. This does  not apply to all Armenians, there being two  distinct elements in that country, one known  by a term signifying "the coarse," and the other  "the pure," or unmixed.  The pure Armenians answer the description  given above, and it is upon these that the Turkish and Kurdish raiders are continually preying,  the Kurds being merely robbers for the Turkish  "market. '. .: . ���������:. ;���������''.  cThe supply of Persian slaves, male arid female,  has been very much diminished by the subjection of the Turcomans by Russia. Formerly the  raids into Persia, and especially the garden  , provence of Khorasan, where as regular as seasons, and every year saw hundreds of that  peace-loving race borne away to serve as the  tools and toys of the Mussulmans, the Persians  not being regarded as orthodox followers of the  prophet by the remainder of the Mahoinedan  world.  Persian slaves were for sale in every Moslem  mart, from Mecca to Saionica, and they  brought, as a rule, good prices, their comparative docility making, up for any physical inferiority to the races of closer European affinity.  The Persian villagers near the borders looked  upon these annual raids much as the people in  mythology who had to supply a victim every  year for the dragon as a matter of course.  "Not only, the supply of women for the harem,  but also of the black servants who have for  thousands of years been indispensable in eastern  households, is becoming limited. The traffic in  negro children for this service has, However, by  no "means ceased.  While the Arab dhows have almost immunity  in shooting across the Red sea under the shadow  of darkness, the traffic will continue to prosper,  as it does today. Unlike other slaves, these can  hardly be said to be ever liberated: for their condition binds them'to .servitude.-. It is estimated  that not less than 20,000 children are kidnapped  or purchased every year to answer the. Turkish  demand, and notwil listanding all that has been  done by Livingstone, Stanley, king Leopold, and  others,'if. is evident that much remains to be  done before the dark places of Africa will cease  to be the habitation of cruelty.  Yearning'1'or an'.Old Colored  Man's Corjttse.  Probably the oldest man in western Massachusetts is Abe Parsons, a negro living in Wil-  liamstown. He is 101 years old, and has had a  romantic- and adventurous career. He was born  a slave, in South Carolina and ran away from his  master in Andrew Jackson's time, and. made his  way to the northern states through the swamps  and forests, his only guide being the north star.  He reached New York, where he became a slave  to a 'Ne.w',York man. Abe has such a peculiarly  shapeel head that the doctors and medical colleges are constantly asking for his body when he  shall die. On top of his head is a bunch about  the size of an egg, which seems to be solid bone.  He  is ������������������.known as   "Abe  the  hunter. "\    Several  years" ago, when a block of buildings in Wll-  iiamstown were all aflame^ Abe with one bunt  of his head burst' in a heavy door. He also has  a. great reputation for killing horses and cows.  One bunt of his head is as effective as a blow  with an axe. He has /probably killed 20 old  horses in this manner. He worked during all  last season at planting, hay ing, and harvesting,  and can do a day's work" that many younger  men would not find easy.  '���������'The ISaSIaVfl  of the Mftlktmiiils.   ������������������  "Where are you going, my pretty maid?"  "I'm going a-milking, sir," she said.        ������  lVMay I go with you, my pretty maid?"  "Why, certainly",' as fur as I'm  concerned; I  don't see no juse o' havin' you Jiangih' round, but  I  guess  you'll   be  company   for  the  calf,   sir,"  .. she said. " ���������        "���������.-.'  '  KELSON MEAT MARKET, -  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at railroad camps,  mines, and all towns on Kootenay lake.  (having   the ". contract���������'��������� to   carry   her    majesty's   mails)  SADDLE AND, PACK .A2JIMALS,    -  for the convenience of travelers, will.be kept on the trail  between Nelson and Colville.  :;' ''*.  :'; E* X.'P RES S ; P AC KAG E S '  promptly forwarded from Colville to Little Dalles, Trail  Creek, Sproat, Nelson, Balfour, and Ainsworth.  also, job wagons and saddle animals.  0FPICE AND. MAEKET:  JAMES  McD.ONALD  <&.  CO.  carry large lines, of plain, medium, and high-grade,  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price 'from $6.50 to $500. Hotels furnished through-"  out. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses, in stock. Mail orders, from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  MAIN STREET, REVELSTOKE, B, G.  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown 'grants obtained   for  mineral claims, andabstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. O.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  BBSS?  Cj  i;    iJ  m  ^-vs^i^" 'ai^WlK'W^^^i  ie^2^rr^s^������^^ i?'4  I  m  i.l,VW,S.,?j~ THE   MBTEE:    rTELSON,   E.   C..   SATUEDAY,   JANUAEY  17,   1891.  an ' Exw-'iiw^m^N  iW' s'sisg&sc  oraftiro.Y.  Continued .from i'irst r.iy'c.  by in,-,  without  Selous  and  others, and  it  dissenting voice. ������������������'������������������.���������  was ".'carried"  THE   WATER-RIGHT  QUESTION.  The discussion of the water-rig-lit question  was quite animated and at times assumed a complexity that ''bewildered the cha irmaii, the secre-  tarv,   and   the   speakers   themselves.    Among  Allan, Urane,  others.  Tolson  inessi:s. Van  Ness,  Selou::  111 I lis, Lwuoir, Buchanan.  Bigi,'  16  w.  P(i  r-  " due, lieta!Jack, and Hoover either made motions  or   se(.*oiH.ledmotions,    or   spoke   on   motions.,  Finally,    rnr.    Tiigelovv   oaered    the    i'ollowing  resoluHo?i:    ''Kesolved, that we protest" aga.inst:  :;���������     the <������-i-ant.iim"  bv the goveriimeiiiof any water  from   Cotton \vood   Smith   c. eeli,   except  under  sufficient guarantees that ihe same be devoted-  to  supply the town  for domestic and tire purposes,   and   t^e supplied   on   reasonable   terms."  Finally, -mY. Selous ask^'d permission 'to add the  -following to the.original, resolution: ,''a.nd;that  we object ,to tlie granting to any company of"  ,    1000  inches   of   water from Cottonwood  Smith  "creek   Or  300   inches   from   Ward   creek."    The.  permission was granted, and mr. Selous' proviso  was   incorporated   With   the   resolution.      Mr/  Ellis then  moved a. substitute.- resolution as fbi-  lows:    "Resolved, that the water in Cottonwood  Smith and Ward creeks be held in trust by the  province for the good of the toevvn  of Nelson."  Qn a  show of   hands tlie substitute  resolution  was adopted.    Then followed an eixoi-t to effect  a reconsideration, but the cha ir ruled the motion  made by mr.vBuchanan out of Order.    From the  tenor of the cliscussjoi^. it appeal ect that no objection   would" be '-made   to the   granting  of   a  water right to a water company Or com panies,  provided    restrictive    clauses    protecting",   the  town's  interests were placed in the charters of  the   corn panies;   but.  under  no   circumstances,  was any  company   to   have water from  Ward  creek or a monopoly of the water in Cottonwood  Smith creek. ,v  FOUR-MILE-SQI/ARE  BLOCKS.  Mr. Selous:    "I  beg to  move that we, as. representing the people of Nelson, protest against  : the sranlins: of the Columbia..& Ilooteuav rail-  way 4-mile   blocks placed  on  existing mineral  claims and town-sites,  and that we   adhere to   '���������{  our former declarations, stated at  public meet-   j  ing-s here, that the blocks  are located contrary-  to the letter and spirit of the law, ana that it is  our Unalterable  determination to tight the case  on all possible grounds."    The motion was seconded   by   R.   E.   Lemon   and   passed   without  amendment or debate, other than that the secretary be directed to forward a. copy of the resolution to the lieutenant-governor m council.  APPROPRIATIONS.  Mr. Buchanan :  . " Mr. Kellie, 1 have no doubt,  will procure for us our share of appropriations,  but we want more than that. We want 7 times  as much. I know there was a doubt in mr.  Kellie's mind as to whether or not he would ask  for an appropriation' to complete the wagon  road to the Hall mines."  Mr. Lemon : ".[guarantee that the northern  portion of the district gets the hulk of the appropriations. They elected him and he knows  it. He has mining claims there; all his interests are there. The people who elected him will  get the bulk by a. long way. 1 think we should  make our wants known to mr. Tunsta.ll, and  have him forward them to Victoria, in fact, I  think that is tlie proper course to pursue, as 1  believe all appropriations made are upon recom-  inenda.tion of the gold commissioner. I think  we should ignore mr. Kellie entirely, or we will  get left out in the cold."  John Houston: V-"I cannot agree with mr.  Lemon, as to the way in which to secure appropriations. I am certain the proper person  through whom to obtain needed appropriations  is the member for the district, not the gold  commissioner. The one is a political factor and  has a vote in  the house; the other is  merely a  subordinate   official    without    influence.  Ir  Tunstall's recommendations would probably be  pigeon-holed ; mr. Kellie's would at least be considered. Again, it is unfair to pass judgment  on mr. Kellie until he has proved himself unworthy of our confidence. Had it not been for  the people of Nelson   mr. Kellie would  not be  the-representative; "tor-the; district, and for one I  believe he will work for the best interests of the  people of the whole district, and in all matters  concerning  bur  local wants be  guided   by our  recommendations.   Mr.,Kellie's support was not  sectional, but came from all sections of the. district, and we should show, by our public actions  at least, that we have confidence in his public  (expressions of honesty-of purpose.    The question  as to whether Or not it is best to secure a lump  .���������appropriation for roads and trails in West Kootenay district or whether or not it is best to secure ; specified;'- appropriations    for   designated  roads or trails is a debatable one.    1 am in favor  of a lump appropriation, foi* the -reason" that the  present winter's .'work will go far to aid the .'gold  connnissiouer in determining where such roads  and   trails 'are   actually   needed.     if  a road   is  needed at Trail Creek, or at Hot Springs, or at;  lilecillewaet,   it  should   be   built   at  once,   and  money not flittered away on roads to undevel-  , oped claims or to ruining districts in name only,  which will be the result  if  specified appropriations are made.    To get the opinion of the meeting', I move that mr. Kellie be reqnested to ask  and work   for a lump  appropriation   for roads,  (rails, and bridges in;West. Kootenay district."  r     W. A. Crane:    "I  agree 'with'...rnr.. Houston  that when,- a mining camp is -'.developed' sufficiently to warrant a road  being built to if, that  the road should be completed at once, and that  can only be done when the entire road fund is at  the disposal of the gold commissioner.   I second  the motion."  Without further discussion, the motion  was.  agreed to on the yeas and nays being called.  , Miv Selous:    "I move that -an-appropriation  for a wharf at Nelson be asked for." .  Mr. Retallack: "1 move an amendment, that  money for a wharf at Ainsworth also be appropriated." \  Mr. Selous: "I am not unwilling to lend a  helping hand to a little sister, as it were, and  accept the amendment."  Mr. Lemon: "I for one am opposed to asking  for an appropriation for a wha.rf at Ainsworth.  The water frontage at that place is owned by a  private individual, not by the province, and the  individual should build any improvements  which will directly benefit his own townsite.  Anyway, this meeting was called by the people  of Nelson for an expression of opinion on things  concerning themselves directly, and a wharf at  Ainsworth cannot come under that head."  Mr. Selous withdrew his motion for- the following substitute offered by N. Hoover and seconded" by .Wilson Hill: ''That mr. Kellie be  requested to try and secure an appropriation for.  a wharf at Nelson and for a.n appropriation to  be used in opening and grading a few of the  principal streets of Nelson." The motion was  carried unanimously.  A vote of thanks to the chairman and secretary, and one. to mr. Lemon for the use of his  store, were passed; mr. Buchanan, on seconding  the motion for a vote of thanks, moved that the  meeting be adjourned for a week, then meet at  the same place to discuss matters concerning  Dominion legislation. The motion was carried,  and the meeting adjourned at.11:15 o'clock.  DEALERS   IN  aRQCEEIES  AND  SUPPLIES P0E PE0SPE0T0ES AND MBTEES.  .BALKOUR,  located, as it is at the outlet of Ivootenay lake, will  be easily accessible (Inring1 the winter to all  the mining districts" on  the lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON.  TRAIL CREEK, li. C.  W.  It.   WHJLTOX a������BS^a������851B<]T<il>It  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Creek  mining district, its proprietor being a caterer of experience.  The table will always be supplied with the best of everything obtainable:. The bar is stocked with choice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure lye  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  Cor.'Baker and Ward Sts.  :;, NELSON, B. C.  <&   T.   MA DDE  Proprietors.'  Tlie Madden is Centrally Located,  With a frontage  towards  Ivootenay river, and'is newly  furnished throughout.  T ZE3I IE       TABLE  is supplied with everything in the market,  the kitchen  being under tlie immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED  WITH   THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IF NELSON.  The International has a comfortably .furnished..parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly -throughout.'  THE  TABLE   IS   NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Ivootenay Lake country  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH 0H0I0E CIOfARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OP LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  "Tlie Pioneer Hotel of. Toad Mountain District.  Corner of 'Vernon and Ward Streets,  JOHNSON   &   MAHONEY,  Pli OP It I ETORS.  The reputation  made  for this house by  its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  w  v-*- nt 8  m  h v^v  If":-..; i.-  "I  THE   MBTEE:    NELSON,   E.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  JANUAEY  17,   1891.  Main Street,  EEVELSTOEE  Railroad Avenue?  SPEOAT.  "WrJE3:OXJE]S^_T_,l������!   _A.3STZ3   RETAIL  Agent for the Hamilton.Powder Companyand Hiram Walker. & Sons' Whiskies  SMALL ' i\U������CETS'   OF   NEWS.  The dock at the new Canadian Pacific townsite, up the  Columbia 2:V miles from the present town of Sproat, is com-'  pleted, and the townsite is being surveyed into lots. The  grade of the Columbia "& Kootenay will be completed to  the townsite within a month if the present good weather  continues. After-surveying'the townsite and 4-mile block  at that place, the survey party ' will'be' moved to either  Trail Creek or to Buchanan's saw-mill on the outlet, to survey 1-mile blocks at these points.  The Idaho came in on Tuesday afternoon from Pilot  bay, after towing 100,000 feet of logs from the head of the  lake to the> Davies-Sayward saw-mill. W. A. Flager, a  member of the -firm thai, has the logging contract at Crawford's bay, returned to Nelson on the Idaho, and reports  his firm as having got everything in good running order.  By clearing out a creek which runs through the timber  limit in which'they are at work, and turning the waters of  another creek into it, they are enabled to drive logs half a  mile down the creekinstead of hauling them that distance.  He reports the timber as line, the cedar especially so.  They have 22 men and 4 teams at work, and sent 10 more  men' over by the Idaho on her return trip on Friday. From  this time on they expect to keep the Idaho busy towing  logs, the distance between the point where the logs are  boomed and tlie mill being 8 miles, a distance that will enable her to make a round trip daily. '  The false-work at the Kootenay crossing railway bridge  is all in place, and planks laid along the main span over  the rapids: The cords of the first-span truss are now being  placed in position.  The construction train on the Columbia & Kootenay railway made its last trip on Thursday, bringing out supplies  for bridge and trestle work, and returned to Sproat oh  Friday, there to be laid up until spring. Engineer, Morton  and conductor Elson will go back to the main line of the  Canadian Pacific, by way of Little Dalles and Spokane  Falls, and will put in the remainder of the winter among  the snow-drifts of the Selkirks. Two better or more careful men could not have been selected to run a train on a  new piece of road, and superintendent Marpole will act  with wisdom if he sends them back in the spring.  If but half the talk of purchasing lots resulted in sales,  all the lots in Nelson would change ownership every 10  days. The only sales reported,'during the week were an  undivided half interest in 45 feet on East Baker street and  improvements for ������1250, Charles Van Ness being the purchaser, and lots 13 and 14 in block 15 for $270, James A. Anderson and Frederick AT. Butler being the purchasers.  Engineer Alexander Stewart is daily expected at Sproat,  'from''whence he,will .start on an  exploration trip, west towards the Okanagon country, looking out a feasible route  for a projected  extension  of the  Columbia & Kootenay  railway.  G-. O. Buchanan announces that his Kootenay Lake sawmill is always ready for business, and that good, bad, and  indifferent lumber is always on. hand or made to order.  The firm of Hoover & Craddock is dissolved, nir. Hoover  purchasing Bruce Craddock's interest in the business.  The weather continues mild at Nelson, the thermometer  ranging from 22 to 38 degrees during tlie week. About 2  i-.-ehes of snow fell on Thursday, but the warm south wind  on Friday caused it to disappear.  John Kirkup of Revelstoke was married to miss Carr at  Kemptville, Ontario, on the 1st.  S. H. Cross has sold an -eighth interest in the Morning  and Evening claim-;. Toad Mountain district, to Peter  Steep of Spokane Falls for a consideration of ������2000.  C. L. McCainmon expects the last load of powder from I  Spokane for tlie Keoi'er contract to arrive by Monday, a 2- j  Ion load being packed in from Little Dalles on Sunday last. :  The park train makes the round trip between Sproat and  Little Dalles in fi days.  The work of improving the channel of the Columbia will  be commenced on {he arrival-of captain Gore from Portland. Oregon. A crew of men and machinery are already  on the ground. Steamboat rock, in the-first rapids above  the mouth of the Kootenay and about a mile below the  present town of Sproat, will be the first obstruction  removed.  J.   O.   Rykert  appointed  mining  recorder for  . S. Jones a justice of  the peace  has been  Goat Pi voir district and W  at Trail Creek. ;  There is but little difficulty experienced in boating supplies up tlie Columbia from .Little Dalles. This week  Harrv Shcran and 2 Indians brought up 2600 pounds on one  boat/making the run from Little Dalles to Sproat in 2������  days. There is also little trouble on the upper river and  Arrow lakes, as no ice has yet formed in the river at Revelstoke. A scow, loaded .with hay, butter, coal oil, and  Avhisky, which left Revelstoke on December 30th, arrived  at Sproat on the 10th, and was only laid up 3������ days by head  winds. -. ���������, ",.'���������  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  '.NELSON*. IS.'���������.:.'  AND  AT  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  , ���������   ���������:   . its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  flLsite  WaXsli's)  15..' EAST BAKER STREET.  THE   ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE  TABLE  'is  acknowledged   the best  in the mountains.  TOBUS   IB.  Posfioflice-Store, .Nelson,  15. ���������������������������.  is stocked with  the best liquors and  cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  .   :Nc1som, 'is. ���������.  Dealer in all kinds of Farm Produce  Consignments of Fresh Fruit will be  Received Weekly  from Spokane Falls.  AM) GENTS' PUBIHSHLTO GOODS.  .ALSO,   FULL LINES OF  Toilet' Articles and Stationery.  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  IQ>  All accounts due and all  bills against the late firm  Cook & Hoover will be settled by the above firm.  of  I offer for sale my entire business interests at Nelson,  together with pack animals, teams, wagons, and all equip- r  ments.    A responsible buyer can get easy terms of pay- I  ment. N. HOOVER.. I  Nelson. B. C, January 45th, 1890. j  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the legislative assembly of the province of British -Columbia for an act to incorporate'the "Nelson Waterworks  Company, Limited' Liability," a company, organized for  constructing, maintaining, equipping, and operating waterworks at the town of Nelson, West Kootenay district,  British Columbia, and for the purposes thereof, granting to  the company the privilege of taking water from Cottonwood Smith creek or the east fork ofi,said creek, at suitable  places on said creek or creeks, with power to build flumes  and aqueducts, lay pipes, erect dams, acquire lands, and  do all tilings necessary for the purposes aforesaid.  'BODWELL & IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Nelson, B. C, January 10th, 1890.  E^OKil  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  &  B&'i  m  3  . Alain Street, Revelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store-at Donald.)  DKUGS,   PATENT   MEDICINE  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  OSGARS    AT   WHOLESALE    AHD.  Mail orders receive prompt attention  T������   lift1"*-.".*."  . "'������������������ -fc.  j         i^t*- ���������,'>'t'-'S

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