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The Miner Feb 21, 1891

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 .K^---,  '������������������/���������  y  >C:-X.XQ  Only  Paper.-  I*riiite<l  in the  Svootenay  JLaftc Mill-  ii.jj- _**ist_*_ets.  For  ..ales  of Subscription ami  Advertising  See Fourth  Paj?c.  NUMBEE 36.  NELSON,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  FEBEUAEY   21,  1891.  $4 A YEAR  ���������III.l__ei.\i;''.KKI*OKT.S' FKO'M.'.EIOT   SB������KI.\'������S.  S11p'erint endeiit,Thompson re'poi-1s the Uiiited  line looking as if it  was siirt  _��������� to I  >e one of the-  n  bio: bonanzas of the Kootenay Lake cnuntrv.  The 2-eOmparfiuent-'working shaft is down 75  feet, and in ore from grass-roots to bottom.  At 50 feet a drift was run on the vein for a distance of 50 feet both ways from-the shaft. This  work proved the ore body continuous and large,  fully 200 tons of orec..being 'extracted .in running  the'100 feet. At the bottom of the; shaft the  vein is 3 feet wide and in solid ore. As work  p 'o<rj-Msse:s, the indications 'are that the next 25  feet will expose a, larger ore body than either  than on the surface or; at the 50-foot level.  Development work con fin lies on the No. 1, a  mine owned by the 'same company that owns  the. United. During the winter a drift has been  run on the vein for a distance of 100 feet. About  75 tons .of high-grade ore was extracted, the  character -of the ore changing for the better as,  the drift is adva.nced.    The ore is a  carbonate,  assaying from  to  0 to the ton in. silver  The vein is about 18 inches wide.  Superintendent McGovern reports the shaft  on the Skyline down 150 feet. If the ledge is  not fa.oped at 200 feet a crosscut .will he r  '���������PP  u n.  Work was suspended on the Union, shaft, at a  dep'ih of 90 feet, on account of water. The ore  runs from $80 to $300 in silver.  The name of the postmas.ter.-genera! of the  United States is sure to be handed down in history now that it has been given to a-mineral  claim in, Hot Springs district. Hector Tonrigny  in.d A. A. McKinnon are the joint owners of the  W  an am alter  In doi n g  the  assessmen t  woi  k  bunches of native silver -ore- were struck, and  now the 2 owners honestly believe that they  have.one.of the 'richest propositions in the lake  conn try.  Summary of the   Xcws from  Trail 4Jreek.  The latest advices from Trail Creek district  are that the Crown Point, owned by Oscar Runnels, shows S feet of ore that assays about $100 a  ton in gold, silver, and copper. The Spokane  company which purchased the I_e' Ro'i has a  shaft down  30 feet in  $100'ore  The St. Elmo,  owned by a mr..Krause of the Cceur d'Alene  country, has a 40-foot ledge. The ledge was  tapped at a depth of 50 feet in running a 75-foot  tunnel. Hoover's Lily May is looking well at  the bottom of the shaft, now down 35 feet. The  character of the ore has changed somewhat, and  is now copper pyrites. The Center Star is  owned by ��������� Joe Morris and others, and shows 15  feet of ore at a depth' of 10 feet. The War Eagle,  looks equally as well as the Center Star. A tunnel is being run on the Idaho.    Springer's No. 1  the   Kootenay   Bonanza,  the  Venita,  Boy,   the  Sil  ver  Ki  ing, the Jim Crow, the Victoria, the 01-  lie,   and   the   Last Cha nci  Tli  ve   road  is   now  within 6 miles of the Silver King, and could be  completed by June 1st, provided work was com  menced early in the spring.  OPP������.S___>   TO    Mil.  AJtvs' ���������F_Taja_N.  While the people of the lake country take a  great interest in all quesi ions that concern the  Dominion, they will not be able to take"part' in  fhe election set for March 5th. They are not  friendly to mi*.������������������������������������Mara, and would not support  bin. had they ah opport unity to register and  vote. The Miner would not support him, for  the one reason that he is not its ideal of a repre-  sentative.', It believes that he is "a self-seeker'before everything else. While not supportin;  h"  times    give     him     due  im,  it   will  treat   him   fairly-,  and   will at all  credit    for    any    act  ie    performs    in     the    public     interest.  I  n  his    address    to    the    electorate    in    188,7    he  I should favor a reciprocity treaty With  said :  the United States that would include the products of .British��������� Columbia; but would oppose  any 'modification of the tariff which would ha ve  a tendency toward free, trade as long as our.'  neighbors keep -their'markets closed against us  by high protective duties." He is now said to be  in favor of a fair reciprocity treaty with the  United States, but opposed to commercial union  or unrestricted', reciprocity, either of which, he  considers, means the framing of Canadian tariff  laws at Washington. Mr'...Mara will not get a  vote at Nelson, which under the antequated  Dominion law is the only, polling place in the  southern half of West Kootenay,1 for the simple  reason that the ballot papers cannot possibly be  received in time from K am loops to be used on  election clay. While the electors of the Kootenay Lake country are denied a voice in sending  a representative to Ottawa, that representative  need not fear but that he will be reminded of  their'presence in  the district should he neglect  their interests to further his ow  n.  Mr. Mara's  ribs will be prodded often during his next term  in the Dominion house of commons, for he has a  weakness for looking after'.'mr. Mara first, and  all the time.  Will  Expend $15,-000 in  Development Work.  The 'Pacific Bullion Mining Cbmoanv of Spok-  .., ������   ' to A ��������� I.  an e  Fall  s, at  a  recent   meeting,  elected  L.  C  t3>  Dillman, president; John H. Stone, vice-president; Frank McCullough^ secretary; John F.  Wallgamot, general manager: and W. B. Cow-  gill, treasurer.    It was also  decided  to   expend  $15,000 on the.p.roperty this year in development  work, and to ship all the ore possible.   Thecom-  and Grady's Excelsior show about .6.feet of ore   |   pany owns the the Spokane and  Trinket claims  each.    The  Consolidated St. Elmo has a 12-foot   }   in . Hot Springs district and the. Water  Jacket  and the Standard an 8-foot vein  The Z.lor and  and one other claim in Toad. Mountain district"  Homestake, _ owned   by   Ed   Stewart  and   Billy   j   The ore in  the  Spokane and Trinket is galena,  " * " ' ' The   |   and several tons were shipped from the  former  Perdue,   look   well   for   the    work   don<  Homestake is a. galena claim a.nd the Zilor cop  per.    Charles Dundee and John   McKinley are  doing assessment work on ���������-_- claims, all of which  claim, in 1889.  [int   to  the  diovcrnment.  1  iave gooc  1 sh  owmtrs.  lie  brid  r>-  e across the. Kootenay will be com-  ���������?.aim   the   Kuail   i-  a   Pu'hlic,   not   a   Pravate,   One  'he f,  ice  of the tunnel   in   the Silver  King i  s  less than 35 feet distant from the shaft and is  still in solid ore; the ore, if anything*, improving  in grade. It is not known in Nelson what the  owners intend doing after  connection with the  pleted within a month, and as soon as the pile-  driver frame can be put together, work will be  commenced on. the railroad -wharf.   The govern  ment could not do  bet  tor  than ha ve cont raefor  shaft  is made; in fact, they cannot do much un  til the wagon road is completed to the mine.  The representatives of the Owners here claim  that the. road from Nelson to the Silver King is  in no sense a private one for, by the present  survey, it passes a number of good, claims before  it reaches the Silver King ground. If completed  the road would cross or be close to more than 25  mineral claims, among others the Dandy, the  'Iroquois, the Newmarket, the Grizzly Bear, the  Silver  Queen,   the Daisy, the  American   Flag,  McGillivray'build the Nelson wharf at the same  time, as it could then be. done much cheaper  than by awarding a contract later on to parties  who would have to bring in a new plant.  The   Water  not  to   he  Granted   Away.  "Under date of Victoria, February 10th, J. M.  Kellie, member of the legislative assembly for  West Kootenay district, writes : "An effort is  being made to introduce and pass a general railway act, modeled after that of Washington."  He also states that the water of Ward and Cottonwood Smith creeks will be held in trust by  the province for the people of Nelson.  A    iiA'LV ..IVn.KI.ST    SOL3& '-.'FOR    $10,000.  On' the 28th of July last M. S. Davys 'secured a.  half interest in the Whitewater mine on  .Rover  '"creek" for running a. 200-foot tunnel On the .-prop-,.  ert y, building a trail, and making other improvements.    At the same time he secured an option  on the'.other half interest. The .-development  work proved the property better than expectations, milling tests of the ore giving returns of  over $100a ton in gold. In fact, the return from  the Revelstoke smelter company was $110 in  gold and $0 in silver, with the "remark" that it  was' t he best. ore. sa i n pled by the com pan y.   rMr.  e property in  D  a.vys has succee  ded  Vict.  in plaein;  th  oria, as documents now on record at Nelson  prove. On the 1th instant John".Francis Wallace and Howard Pearson Heaccock sold their  half interest in the Whitewater to William  John Goepel of Victoria for $10,000, $25C0 of the  'pure  ���������hi  ase money being paid in cash..'/' Of the re  mainder, $2500 is to be paid on August 1st, 1891,  and $5000 on October 31st, ,1891, with interest at  ���������6 per* cent per annum. It is understood that  work will be resumed on the.property within 60  days. A new trail will probably be built up  Rover creek, so as to shorten the distance for  packing in machinery and supplies.. The White-  wafer is situated about 20 miles southwest of  Nelson, and not more than 10 miles from the  Columbia & Kootenay railway.  Can Sir. Fletcher,. Expiiiiii .the  4Jau.se of the BH-Iay?  Can postoffice inspector Fletcher expla in why  it is that letters postmarked ''Victoria, February  3rd," do not reach  Nelson vintil Febriiary 19th?  Can he als(^explain:why it is tha^  rado, papers of February 11th   reach' Nelson  as  early as Victoria, papers of the 7th?    It is supposed here that the Nelson mail  is made up and  ..dispatched  from  Vict  oi-ia  on   Wednesdays   of  each week. If this supposition is correct, why  is it that the Victoria -Colonist-of Tuesday is not  forwarded in that mail? Complaints are made  to The Miner that letters mailed at Donald  and Revelstoke for Nelson are "more than a  onth in transit.    Mr. Fletcher, stir up the'Vic-  m  'toria. office.    Evidently it is going to seed.  itiimors.  There are rumors and rumors.    A late arrival  from   Vancouver  (not  Dan   McGillivray),   who  claims to have  the ear erf the  highmuckamuck  officials of the Canadian   Pacific, states to   his  friends  that the railroad is dickering with the  owners  o  f  tin  'B  ogustown"   townsite,   and   if  given half the lots there the depot will be located  at t he land end of the wharf that Joshua Davies  built. In that ease, Nelson will not '.be even a  whistling station on the Columbia & Kootenay.  But as long as. dr. 'Hendry x \V' ill run the ���������'old-  stand-by Galena up to the Citizens' wharf, Nelson will be the metropolis of the Kootenay Lake  country.-  The   l.o.valty  4,'Iau'se   B>oo-_������e<I.  It is the general   imjiression  in   Victoria" that  ���������the royalty clause in the   Railway Aid  Act will  ���������be repealed. The repeal of that clause will go  far to restore confidence on the ontside, as many  investors labor under the 'belief' that every  . mineral claim in British Columbia comes under  the 'provisions of that act. By repealing the  royalty-clause and striking out the mine laborer  tax and remodling section -89, t fie legislative  assembly will do much to put. the mining business on a basis that will insure an influx of outside money to districts that are now .-much depressed.  Not.a   l.ovr><ilra4_c   I'ropositioa.  Ore from a claim on the north side of the Kootenay, and nearly opposite the. mouth of 49  creek, is creating no little excitement at Nelson.  The gangue is quartz and the ore iron pyrites,  carrying gold and silver to the value of $180 to  the ton.    Corning and Conners are the owners.  ��������� ��������������� __________  imni'j_������~^MiU'Hl������'j"^4:"tt! ������������������'W'-MBrum..-**""������ *"������".'"��������� i_ "*t ���������������������������{���������'imr-rMi-prir'JV. 'v^XTV-y*". "pi _F"J*"���������g"riL'1'tvl"i"-p.'".'������ i "t:""TTETT=!~*"**.'r"*'*.".i"<'*ig'^T-.T'!***" _.' V S~ ".1-  1J1  ^���������7:v-"^*;~i.T"?y^1T^T-X>~:_ i-  1 "*:-''' -  13'v <  1  I  'Si|.  &5  THE . MiNEJRi'    JMBLSON;   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   PEBETJAEY  21,   1891.  G-oods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any "Prospect, Claim, or Mine in the  Hot   Springs  Mining District  J-:'  0_\._^_R,"_T   -TXTJlil-.    _E_I__T_E]S    O-T1  ������l!  if  !:������r  _   4_������^ era a^ a W*a siay^v_Ji_'w  Drugs and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth,  AimWQEIH, B.: 0.; and ��������� EEYELSTOKE,. B. 0.  I;  m  m:  W  I.--'  II:  It  1*:  ���������4 '  WEST   KOOTENAY   DISTRICT.  Notice'is hereby given that assessed and provincial revenue taxes for .1801 are now due and payable at my office*  Nelson, at the foil owing rates: I, -'.',"'  M paado.i   ������v ttciw.  tSic IMli ������9������������'e.  One-half of one   per cent  oh the assessed value of real  ��������� ;.' estate;  : ���������.      - -   .  One-third of one per cent on  the assessed value of personal property;  Seven and one-half cents per acre on wild land.  - Bf. i������;.i<I  o.i.  or, after  the  1st .Bisly.   ,  Two-thirds of one per cent on the assessed value of real  estate; ":  One-half of one per cent on;the assessed value of personal  property;... .'  Eight and due-half cents per acre on wild land.  T. H. GIFFIN, assessor and collector.  _ Nelson, February 10th, 1891.   ,,'���������'���������   -    ���������   : timber Tease,       ~~  Notice is hereby given, that thirty days after date wc.in-  tendmaking application to the chief commissioner of lands  and works for permission to lease for lumbering purposes,  'for a term of twenty-five years, the following-described  tract of land >situate in West Kootenay district, British  Columbia: Commencing at a post 10 chains south of northeast corner post of M. S. Davys's limit; thence east 20'  chains; thence south 80 chains ;, thence east SO chains;  thence south SO.chains ; thence east40 chains,; thence south  100 chains; thence west 100 chains ;thence north 100 chains���������  thence west 20 chains; thence north SO chains to point of  commencement���������; and containing 1SO0 acres, more or less.  . NELSON SAWMILL COMPANY,  By M. S. Davys and J. W. Tolson.     ,  Nelson, B. C, February 2nd, 181)1.  APPL  M  1">g'i  of  nn    FOR   WATER   RIGHT.  I hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take three hundred inches of water from a spring of  water now flowing iii three branches through my preemption near Nelson, in West Kootenay district, at any. point,  from its source or throughout my'preemption, to'be conveyed across the land.'reserved by the government and my'  preemption, to any portion of my said preemption or the  town of Nelson, where water will be required for irrigation,  manufacturing, milling, and household purposesf for &  term of ninety-nine years. J. D.-TOWN-LEY.  _Nelson, October 22nd, 1S:)0.  .. APPLIO.AtlON'   FOR- WATER.'.RIGHT7  I. hereby give-notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take one thousand inches of water from Cottonwood  Smith creek, near Nelson, in West Kootenay district;  commencing at a point where the said Cottonwood. Smith  creek first enters my preemption or at any point where i.  flows through or at its exit from 103* ^preemption or thereabouts; to be conveyed-through the'lands reserved by the'  government, and my-preemption to any portion of the said  town of Nelson, where water will be required for mill"  manufacturing, and household purposes for a term  ninety-nine years. J. I). TOWNLEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1S90.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN ��������� GRANTS  Notice is hereby given that George W. Adrian, by his  agent, .Jo'siah Fletcher, has tiled the necessary papers ami  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the .John. A. Logan, situated in the Warm  Springs .subdivision, Kootenay lake, which he desires to  purchase.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to forward their  objections to me within (50 days from date of publication.  G. C. Tl'NS TALL, government agent.  licvolsloke, December 22nd, J8-I0.  Notice is hereby given .that, John IM. Buckley and F.d-  ward J. Roberts, by their agent, W. W. Sprague, has filed  the necessary papers, and made application for a crown  grant in favor of the mincralclaim kn'own'as the Portland,  situated in the Warm Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake,  'whicbiheydesirelopurchn.se.  Ad verso claimants, if any, will forwn.rd their objections  to me within (K) days from date of publication.  G., C. TUNSTALL, government agem  Develstoke, December 22ud, 18!I0.   _ _        __      "__   Notice is hereby given that W. \V. Sprague has filed the  necessary papers and made application for a crown gran.  ���������in favor of the mineral claim known  as the Tenderfoot,  situated at tin1- Warm Springs, West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, arc requested to forward their  objections to me within 00 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent,  Revelstoke, December 22nd, 1S90.  THK.   NEW   MINING-  ACT, 'BUT    SWT   ������S_X   A   'LA-  fc>>  The'following' are the principal sections of  the quartz mining bill which is now being considered by the legislative assembly at Victoria.  The sections omitted are of secondary importance. Suggestions as to changes or omissions  should be sent direct to J. M. Kellie, M. P. P.,  at Victoria, and, no doubt, he will take pleasure  in placing them before the mining committeeOf  the assembly:  ���������3. Every person over, but not under, eighteen years of  age, and every joint stock company, shall be entitled to all  the rights and privileges of a free miner, and shall be con  sidered a free miner, upon taking out a, free miner's certificate. A minor who shall become a free miner shall, as regards his mining property and liabilities contracted in connection therewith, be treated as of full age. A free miner's  certificate issued to a, joint stock company shall be issued  in its corporate name? A free miner's certificate shall not  be transferable.  1. A free miner's certificate may be granted for one or  more years, to run from the date thereof, or from the expiration of the applicant's then existing certificate, upon tho  payment therefor of the fees set out in the schedule of fees  to this act. Only one person or one joint stock company  shall-be named, therein.  S. Every person and. joint stock company engaged in  mining for minerals (other than coal) shall take out, a free  ���������miner's certificate, and-every person or joint stock company who mines or works as a miner in any mineral claim,  mine held as reaPestato, or tunnel, or on any flume, drain,  or ditch, without having taken out and obtained such certificate, shall, on conviction thereof in a summary way,  forfeit and pay a'penalty not exceeding twenty-live dollars,,  besides costs: Provided, always, that nothing herein contained shall prejudice the right to collect wages or payment for work done by any person who, through not being  a free miner, This rendered himself liable to the above  penalty.  9. .No person or joint stock company shall be recognized  as having any right or interest in or to any mineral claim,  or any minerals therein, or in or to any water right, mining  ditch, drain, tunnel, or flume, unless he or it shall have a  free miner's certificate unexpired. And on the expiration  of a free miner's certificate the owner thereof shall absolutely forfeit'all his rights and interests, in or to any mineral claim, and all and any minerals therein., and in or to  any and every water right, mining ditch, drain, tunnel, or  tin me, '-which may be held or claimed by such owner of  such expired free miner's certificate, unless such owner  shall, on or before the day following the expiration of such  certificate, obtain a new free miner's certificate: Provided, '  nevertheless, that a shareholder'-in' a joint stock company  need not be a free miner, and though not a free miner,  shall be entitled to buy, sell, hold, or dispose of a 113- shares  the'reiir: And provided, also, that -this section shall not apply to mineral claims for which a .certificate of improvement or crown grant has been issued.,  10. 'Every free miner shall, during the continuance of  his certificate, but not longer, have the right to enter,-  locate, prospect, and mine upon any waste lands of the  crown for all minerals other than coal, and upon all lands  the right whereon to so enter upon, prospect, and mine all  minerals other than'coal shall have been, or hereafter shall  be, reserved to id 1 c crown and its licenses, and also to enter,  locate, prospect, and', mine for gold and silver upon any  lands 1 he right whereon to so enter and mine such gold and  silver shall have been, or shall be, reserved to the crown  and its licenses. Excepting out of all the above description  of lands any land occupied by any building, and any land  falling within the curtilage of an3* dwelling house, and aiy  orchard, and any land for the time being .actually under,  cultivation, and any land lawfully -occupied for mining  purposes other than placer mining, and also Indian reservations. Provided that in the event of such entry being  made upon lands already lawfully occupied for other than  mining purposes, such free miner previously to such enliy j  shall give adequate security to .the satisfaction of the gold  commissioner for any loss or damages which may be  caused by such entiy: and provided, that after such entry  he shall make full compensation to the occupant-or owner  of such lands for, any loss or damages which may be j  caused   by  reason  of such entry:  such   compensation, in    j  case of dispute, to be determined b3* the court, having ju-   '  risdietion in mining disputes, with or without a jury of not  less than five.  11. Any free miner may enter upon any crown lands, or  lands covered by timber leases, or any lands the timber  whereon has been reserved by the crown, to cut timber for  mining purposes..  12. Any free miner shall be at liberty at any period of  ���������the year,, while actually prospecting or engaged in minin  to kill game for his own use. ,  11.    Any free miner desiring to locale a''mineral-claim  shall, subject*to the provisions of this act with respect to  ,ive of in-  claim shall be parallel.. ^ln defining the size of <  claim, it shall be measured.'horizontally, irrespec  equalities on the surface of the ground.'  15. A mineral claim shah be marked' by three legal posts,  placed, as near as possible, at equal distances from,each  other along the center line, 'the posts shall be numbered  1, 2, 3. The center,post shall always be numbered 2, and'in  determining the,.center line and length of the claim a line  shall be run from 1 through 2 and be continued in the same  straight line to the required distance,, without reference,  as to direction, to post 3, but, as to distance,.such line shall  not exceed the distance in'.a-straight line between posts 1  and 3, and shall not exceed loOO feet. On .each-'post there  shall be placed a legible notice in writing, stating the name  of the claim, its length in feet, and the direction of the center line, with the date of the notice and name of the claim-  ��������� ant of the ground., When a claim is located in a timbered  countiy, where any one post cannot'be seen from the next  post, the locator shall blaze a line connecting all the posts.  It shall be unlawful to remove or,change the situation of,  any post unless the claim shall have been previuuslj' abandoned or forfeited.  1(5. Any location made upon Sunday.shall'not for that  reason be-invalid,-any law or statute to the contraiy not-'  'withstanding.  19.    Every free 'miner locating a mineral claim shall record  the  same   with   the   mining recorder of the district  within, which the same  is situate,, within lo days after the  ' location thereof, if located within 10 miles of the oiiice of  the said mi a ing recorder.    One  additional  day shall be allowed for such record for oveiy additional 10,miles or fraction thereof,    ^ue.h,'record shall  be  made in a book to be  . kept for  the purpose in the oflice of the said mining recorder, in which shall   be inserted the name of the claim,  the name of each locator, the number of each locator's free  miner's certificate, the locality of the'mine, the direction of  the center line, the length in feet, the date of location, and  .the date of record.  21. A113' free miner having located and recorded a mineral claim'shall be entitled to hold the same for the period  of-one year from the recording-of the same, and thence  from year to year : Provided,'however, that during the  first 0 months of such A'ear aiut of each 'succeeding 3'ear,  such free miner shall do or cause to be done work on the  claim itself to the value of #100, and -snail satisfy Tho-gold  commissioner or mining recorder that such' wori. has been  done, by an affidavit of'.ho free miner or his agent, .setting'  out a detailed statement of such work, and, shall obtain  from such gold commissioner or mining recorder,-and sl.ia.ll  record a certificate of Mich work haying been done. If  such work shall not be done, or if- such certificate shall  not be so obtained and recorded within such tt months as  aforesaid in each and every .year, the claim shall be  deemed vacant -and abandoned, a-y rule of iaw or equity  to the contraiy notwithstanding, unless the time for performing such work'shal'l have'boon''"extended by the u-old  commissioner or'mining recorder, in accordance  tion of this act  wit  1.1 sec-  25.  _.,. Upon an3* dispute as to the title to any mineral  claim, no irregularity made previous,to'the date of the record of the certificate of wor.. next preceding the.then last  recorded certificate of wor.--: shall an'ect the title thereto,  and.it shall be assumed that up to that (.ate the title to  such claim was perfect.,  2(5.    No free minor shall  be entitled  to  bold, in bis own  name or in the name of a. 113*- other person, more than one  .mineral   claim  on   the same   vein or lode except l.y purchase, but'such free miner may hold b3' location a, claim on  each-separate vein or iodo.  27.    A free miner may at any time abandon  claim   by  giving, notice   in   wriiiag  of  such  abandon to the mining recorder, and from t  an3' mineral  intention to-  da.te of such  i claim shall  a mineral  claim, he  same any machineiy  may have placed on  " there-  notice all interest'of such' free  miner in sucl  cease.  28.    When  a  free   minor abandons  shall have the right to take from  the  and aiy personal  property   which  he .,....., ...... ~ ,...���������  the same, and a 113' ore which lie may have extracted  from.  2:). No free miner sha.ll be entitled to relocate any mineral claim or any portion thereof,-which be shall have  abandoned or forfeited, unless lie shall havo obtained the  written permission of the gold commissioner to make such  relocation; and he shall hold no interest in any portion of  such mineral claim, by location, 'without such permission.  30. Should any free'miner locate and record more than  one mineral claim on the same vein or lode, all such locations and records, excepting the location _md record of his  first claim on such vein or lode, shall be void, unless such  first claim has been abandoned or forfeited.  'JSfas.  ?r>-  5^>_Ml  5 _������:  __J.  .���������_._atfftLJS.j  &s THE   MINEE:    KELSON,; B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   FEBEUAEY  21,   1891.  W&  m  ..if..  31.   The lawful holder of a mineral claim shall have the  exclusive right cind possession of all the surface included  within the lines of his loca ion, and of all veins or lodes  throughout their entire depth, the top or apex of which  lies inside of such surface lines extended down ward ver-  tioally, although such   yeins or lodes may so  far depart  from a 'perpendicular in their course clown wards as to extend outside the verticalside lines of such surface location--but his right of possession to such outside parts of  such   veins  or lodes shall   be   confined   to such  portions  thereof as He-between vertical planes drawn downwards  as abjve described, through the end lines of his location so  continued  in 'their own 'direction   that such .planes  will  intersect such exterior parts of such veins or lodes; and nothing in this section shall authorize the locator or possessor  of a vein or lotto '-which extends in its downward course beyond tie vortical linos of his claim to enter upon the surface of a claim owned or posses.se 1 'b.y another :   .-Provided,  ���������. ���������" always, that a prior location  on ilie dip of a  vein or lode  shall have priority over asubsequent location oh the same  vein or lode, t.ioughsuoh subsequent location may be upon  the apex of the vein or lode; and provided, always, that in  cases   where   the. laud   in   which   such  claim   is   situate  is lawfully owned or, occupied for other than mining purposes, tne above section shall be read "subject to'flic rights'  and interests of such owner or occupier. And it is hereby expressly declared that a location laid crosswise of a vein or  lode, so that its center' line   crosses   the same instead of  folio wing tne course thereof will secure only so much of the  vein or lode as it actually crosses, at the surface, and the  side lines of the location will become the end lines thereof,  for the purpose of defining ..the rights of the owners.    A location shall  be,.deemed  th have been laid crosswise when  tne, smallest angle'made by the center line falling oh  the  general course of the vein or lode is grea.er than fort3'-five  ,,"'.   degrees." ���������   -   - ., -  , 31.���������   i lie interestof a free miner in his mineral claim shall,  save as to claims heldras real estate, be.deemed to be a  chattle interest, equivalent  to a lease, for one. year,, and  thence from year to year subject to the performance and  observance/of all the terms and conditions of this act.  ,35.    Any .''lawful holder of... a mineral .claim shall be en-,  ' titled to a crown  grant thereof on pay in cut to the government of British Columbia of the sum of twenty-live dollars  per acre in lieu of expenditure on the claim; * The intending purchaser .shall cause.a notice of his intention to purchase to be inserted in, the British Columbia Gazette, and,  in one newspaper'circulating in the district in which the.  claim is situate, for sixty' da>"s pi;ior to the issuance of the  crown grant. t;  33. .Whenever the lawful holder of a mineral claim shall  have complied with the following requirements, he shall be  entitled to receive from the gold "commissioner a certificate  of improvements in .respect of such claim :  (a) Done or caused td be done work on the claim itself in  developing a mine to the value of  five  hundred  dollars, exclusive of all houses, buildings, and other like ,  improvements:  (b) Found a vein or lode within the limits of such claim :  (c) Had the claim surveyed by-an authorized provincial  land surveyor, who shall' have made three plats of  the claim, and placed, one such,plat on the No. 2 or  center post of the claim, or on a post as near thereto  as possible, and who shall have accurately defined  the boundaries of such claim by placing monuments  or legal'posts at the angles or-corners of such claim,  and who sliall^ have also examined tho. work, done on  the mine itself for the development thereof, and made  an ailidavit setting out fully the particulars of such  work exclusive of houses, buildings, and other like  improvements, and to the best of Ins belief the value  of such work, and that a vein or lode has been found  to exist on the claim :  (d) Shall have posted on the same post as the said plat,  and also on the outside of the office of the mining recorder, a legible notice in writing of his intention to  apply for a, certificate of improvements, and such  notice shall contain : r  1. The name of the claim :  2. The namoof the lawful holder thereof:  3. The number of sucli holder's existing free miner's  c er.iticate:  4. Hi-i intention to apply for certificate of improvements at the end of sixty days, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant'":  5. i he date of the notice :  (e) Inserted a copy of such hbtioe in the British Columbia  Gazette, aid in one newspaper circulating in the dis  trict in which the claim is situate, for at least sixty  days prior to such application, Which insertions can  be made at aiy time after the posting of the notice on  the claim :  (f) Filed with the mining recorder :  ���������1.  Ailidavit of the holder of the claim, or his agent,  in form in schedule of this act:  2. Affidavit of the said surveyor in form in schedule  of this act: '  3. ri wo copies of the plat of such claim :  1.  A copy of the survuyor's field notes.  37. Provided, nevertheless that no certificate of improvements shall be granted in respect of a -mineral claim  the title to which, is in litigation,.and a certificate of improvements granted in respect of any such -claim- shall be  null and void.  38. After the issuing and recording of such certificate of  improvements, and while such certificate shall be in force,  the claim shall not be deemed abandoned or forfeited on  account of the holder (hereof failing to take out a free  minor's certificate,'and it shall not be necessary to do any  won. thereon.  ��������� 41. If the holder of a mineral claim, after applying for a  certificate of improvements, shall sell a id transfer such  claim to another free miner, upon satisfactory proof of such  sale and transfer being made to the gold commissioner, the  new holder of the claim, shall be entitled to a certificate of  improvements in his own name. And if a sale and transfer  shall be made to airy person or company after a certificate  of improvements shall have'been issued', upon proper proof  of such sale and transfer being made to the satisfaction of  the chief commissioner of lands and works, the crown  grant sha.ll issue to the new ladder of the claim.  4!5. Should there be an adverse claimant for a mineral  claim, or an3* part thereof, such claimant shall, at some  time prior to the granting and recording of the certificate  of .improvements,'" commence proceedings in some court of  competent jurisdiction with a view to determine the matters in dispute, and he shall prosecute the same with reasonable diligence to final judgment, and a failure to do so  shall be a w'aiver of his adverse claim.   And such claimant  shall also give notice in writing to the gold commissioner  or mining recorder of such adverse claim before the granting and recording, of such certificate of improvements.  After the granting of such certificate of improvements, no  action shall be brought Avith respect to the title Of such  claim except on the ground of fraud.  48. If an adverse claim shallonly affect a portion of the  ground for which a ccrtifieatoof improvements is applied,  the boundaries of such portion shall be shown by a plat of  the entire adverse claim, and the applicant may relinquish  the portion covered by the adverse claim, and still be entitled to a certificate of improvements for the undisputed  remainder of his .'claim, upon complying with the require-  in cuts of tins act. ,'���������������������������,'������������������  ���������50. Every conveyance, bill of sale, mortgage, or other  document of title relating to an3' mineral claim,mine held  as real estate, or mining interest, shall be recorded within  the time prescribed for recording mineral claims: Provided, always, that the failure to so record ..any such document sliall not in validate the same as between the parties  thereto, but such documents as to third parties shall take  effect from the date of record, and not from the date of  such document. ,  51. No transfer of any mineral claim, or of any interest  therein, sliall be enforceable unless the same shall be in  writing, signed by the transferrer or, by his agent authorised, iii writing, and recorded by the mining recorder���������;. and  if signed by an agent, the authority of such agent shall be  recorded before the record of such transfer.  53. In case of the death of any free .miner, his mineral  claim shall not be open to location by any "other 'person,'  either during his last illness or for the-period of 12 "months  after his decease.  55. A free miner may locate ah3* unoccupied or unreserved crown land not known to contain mineral, and not  exceeding 5 acres as a, mill site. No free miner shall at  any one, time hold more than one mill site obtained by him  under this section. Such mill site shall "be as nearly as possible in the form of a square.  (JO. "A free miner who is the.holder of a' mineral claim, or  mine held as real estate, or of aiy mill site, may, at the discretion of the gold "commissioner, obtain a grant to a water  right in any unappropriated water, for an3' mining or milling purpose,for any term not exceeding 20 years upon such  terms and conditions as the gold commissioner shall see fit.  82. A mining ..partnership shaft, unless otherwise agreed  upon, be deemed to be a 3*eaiiy partnership, renewable  from year to year by tacit consent.  8d.    Aiy  partner --making default in  pa3'inent after receiving a notice spocityi ng the amount due by him, shall, if  - such amount be correct, be pcrsonali3* liable therefor to the  partnership, and his interest in the partnership property  may  be sold  b3r  the partnership for the payment of the  debt, and any further assessment which may have accrued  thereon up to the day of sale, together with all costs and  charges occasioned by such default;' and if the proceeds.of  the sale be insurricient to pay off the several sums mentioned, the court having jurisdiction  in  mining disputes  upon being applied to, shall issue an order directed to the  'sheriff'to seize and sell any other personal property of the  debtor.    Notices of sale:shall, in either of the above cases,  be conspicuousl3' posted 30 clear ohvys prior to the day'df  sale, in the vicinity of such mining or other propcrt37, and  on  the  court house or mining recorder's   office,  nearest '  thereto.    But if such partner- be absent from the district  "such notices shall be posted as aforesaid (JO clear da3*s before  the-day of   sale,  and a  copy   of  such  notice\shall  be     published     in     some     newspaper ,   circulating    in  the   district   wherein    such   mining   or other   property  is   situate.     Such   sale   shall   be   b3r   public  auction   to  the highest bidder.   The purchaser shall  be  entitled to  possession of-the property sold, and to a bill' of sale therefor, signed b3* the auctioneer; such bill of sale shall confer  such title upon the purchaser as the owner had.   ,  105. Where mineral land is discovered in a part of the  province so situate that the provisions of this act as to free  miners' certificates and records of mining property cannot  be justb* applied or enforced by reason of there being no  gold commissioner or mining recorder in the locality, it  shall be lawful for the miners of such locality to hoi (-'meeting's at such times and places as nuiy be agreed upon, and  at such meetings, by a two-thirds vote, to appoint one of  their number to issue free miners' certificates and to enter  records of mining property; and such certificates and records shall be valid, notwithstanding any informality  therein.        *       "*       * <-  125. Upon receipt of an affidavit from any lawful holder  of a mineral claim, that from stress.of weather, or other  good and sufficient reasons, it will be impracticable to perform the annual work within the six'months.specified in  section 21, the gold commissioner or mining recorder shall  have power to extend the time for performing such vvork  for a further period not exceeding six months.  130. The gold commissioner shall have-power to allow.a  free miner holding adjoining mineral claims to perforin  upon any one of such claims'all the work required to entitle him to a certificate of work for each such claim, and  upon being satisfied by an affidavit setting out fully the  particulars of such work, he', shall direct the mining recorder to issue a certificate of work for each such claim.  140. idle gold commissioner ma3' in his discretion permit  a free, miner to re-locate a mineral, claim, or aiy-part  thereof, which nuiy have been abandoned or forfeited by  such free miner: Provided that such re-locations shall not  prejudice or interfere with the rights or interests of others.  JAfViES   MoDOIMALD   81  CO.  cany large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  pri< e from ������0.50 to ������500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made, to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive earl3- and careful attention.  Agents for 1.vans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  4 STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B.C.  t.   &   H.   MADDEN  Proprietors.  The Madden is .Centrally Located,  rrith a frontage towards Kootenay: river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  ,/t:h:b    table  la supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED  WITH   THE   BEST  brands of becr,cale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.'     ������  NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in tho Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH 0H0I0E CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  JAS. DAWSON  PROPRIETORS  " The ��������� Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District."  LAKEVIEW H0U  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  NI.LSOM,  85. ���������.  JOHNSON   Sl    MAHONEY,-  PROPRIETORS.  Tho reputation made for this  house by its former pro-  | prietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  gq__!\n___I__:__lli'____^^ I IE"  w  THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   FEBEUAEY  21,   1891.  t  fc������  ' i  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and \vii_r_ be  mailed to subscribers at thefollowing cash-in-advance  rates: Three months ������1.50, six months ������2.50, one year $������.  Contract Advertis'emen'ts will be inserted at the  rate of ������3 an inch '(down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.   ���������  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 .words;  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. . Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Birth Notices kkei_'.'if weight of child is given; if  weight is not given $1 will be���������:> charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from ������1 to ������10���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom. c,  Letters to the, Editor will only apfi.ar over the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," ���������'Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Job Printing in good style at fair rates. Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  in stock.,  Address all Letters'-   The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  I. B> ITO III A L f. EtS.M A KK.S'.  8. Every person and joint stock company engaged in  mining for minerals (other than coal) shall take out a free  miner's certificate, and. every person or joint stock .company who mines or works as a miner, in'any'mineral claim,  mine held as real estate, or tunnel, or on any flume, drain,  or ditch, without having taken out and obtained such certificate, shall, on conviction thereof In a summary way,  forfeit and pay a penalty not exceeding twenty-live dollars,  besides costs: Provided, always, that nothing herein contained shall prejudice the right to collect, wages or,payment for work done by any person who, through not being,  a free miner, has rendered himself liable to the;..above  penalty.  The  above   is  a  section   of' the   mining  law  drafted   by   nnvv Kellie   of    Illecillewaet,    mr.  Wright of Ainsworth,  mr. Wilson of Victoria,  and mr. Cow en of  Barkerville, and introduced  in  the legislative assembly by the minister of  mines, mr. Robsoh.    Mr. Kellie and mr. Wright  were opposed to inserting the section in the hill,  but  thev  gave  wav  to  mr.   Cowen's  and  mr.  Wilson's pleas, that it would not do to interfere  with the revenues of .-.the-province..'--The bill is  now being considered by the assembly.  Why should a miner working in a quartz  mine be taxed $5 a year, if a like tax is not required from a miner working in a coal mine?  "Why should a man employed at digging a drain  ditch on mining ground be taxed $5 a year, if a  like tax is not required from a man employed at  digging a drain ditch on a. farm? Why should  a bookkeeper or clerk in the employ of a mining  company be taxed $5. a year, if a like tax is not  required from a bookkeeper or clerk in the employ of a railway company whose traffic is derived from that mining-.company?- In what way  is the miner or drain-digger or bookkeeper or  clerk employed at mining for the precious minerals specially benefited by the laws of the  province? Are they not required to pay all  taxes paid by other residents? Is the quartz  miner paid higher wages than the coal miner?  Is mining not a hazardous calling? If hazardous, does the province intend using the money  received from this special tax to provide free  medical attendance or hospital accoin mo.dations  for the men who pay the tax? Is it not unequal  taxation ? If unequal, is it not then contrary to  the.spirit .of the age? The government that insists on such taxation is unworthy of confidence  and should be relegated to back seats.  The parliament of Canada has been dissolved.  Thursday, February 20111, is announced as nomination day, and Thursday, March 5th, as election day. This allows candidates lint little time  to stump their respective-districts so as to enlighten voters on the issues which brought  about the dissolution. Yet it is called an appeal  to the people. Canadians may be slow to adopt  new business.methods ; but Canadian politicians  are not slow-geared in adopting questionable  methods to retain themselves in office and  power.    An appeal to the people which allows a  candidate or-party just five days (exclusive of  Sunday)'in..winch to define his or its position,  '-���������before the people, on questions that affect the  country is mere demagogy.   Voters should have  ample time  to  select   nominees, and nominees  should have 'sufficient time to canvas their districts.    As proof that such appeals are farcical,  we cite the district of Yale-Kootenay.:.;   Owing  to the remoteness of many of its polling places,  hundreds  of   voters will, on   election   day, not  even know the names of the candidates placed  in nomination.    And Yale-Kootenay is not the  only district in the Dominion so situated.    Another reason for calling such   suddenly sprung  appeals  farcical  is that,   under the antiquated  registration regulations of the Dominion, thousands of  citizens are disfranchised   because unable  to get their names  placed   on the voters'  list.    The Miner predicts that the result of this  snap-judgment appeal to the people will be the  return to parliament of a;majority who will vote  as sir John  A. directs���������as long as they are allowed to pocket the crurabs that fall from the  treasury table���������and 7 of that majority will turn  up from British Columbia.  One of the 7 will be mr. Mara from Yrale-Koot-  enay district, as it is, understood he will be  placed in nomination���������if not elected "by acclamation. Mr. Mara has served one term in the  house, and might be useful to the district if less  a self-seeker and more independent. If ample  t hue was alio wed for a can fas of the d istrict, it.  is doubtful'whether he would be returned, for he  could not get a. solid vote in Yale and he certainly would have almost a solid vote against  him in Eastland West Kootenay.  The Chinese question is one'.tha- directly concerns the people of the Kootenay Lake country ;  and it is a question that should be considered  now that there are but few Chinese resident  amone: us. If Chinese migration is of doubtful  benefit, means should be at once taken to discourage or prevent such migration. It is generally admitted that sections of country or towns  whose population is largely made up of Chinese  are not attractive sections or towns for white  mi-_:ration. This is accounted for bv the fact  that whites cannot successfully compete with  Chinese in the labor market. No matter what  the wages paid the white laborer, the Chinese  are always-willing'to go a notch lower, and by  these tactics they soon virtually have the field  to themselves. If by the employment of Chinese as laborers in mines and in saw and planing  'mills and in hotels capitalists can make larger  .profits, Chinese will be employed to the exclusion of whites. Such has been the result in  other countries, and such is not unlikely to be  the result in the Kootenay Lake country at no  distant day. The.people .can prevent it if they  will.    Will they ? __  It is not necessary to use force to get rid of  the Chinese already here or to prevent others  from coming here. If force is used, the whole  force power of the government will be brought  in action to force these people upon us, as was  done at Vancouver. Chinese^ under the land  laws of the- province, cannot purchase town lots  or lands of any description from the province;  then why should private owners sell them real  property? If not allowed to purchase lands' or  lots, why should they be permitted'to squat on  trovernment lauds and lots? If ordered to re-  move from lands and lots owned by the government, and refused the purchase or rental of  lands and lots and buildings by private owners,  the Chinese occupation question  would  not be  difficult of solution. The Chinese should be paid  for their improvements, but with the distinct understanding that their room is what is desired,  not their coinpany. The people of Nelson should  take the initiative in this lawful way of ridding  themselves of an undesirable people. Will they  do it? '.;.   , '.   /" ���������.    '"��������� .:  The Star of Revelstoke says k'it is  most im-  -* portant, and in  fact absolutely necessary for  "the welfare':...of the district that the amounts  ��������� ���������-���������-asked  for'..in   the Revelstoke  petition   be  ex-  :'-.pende.d  on   the works   mentioned."    As   that  petition    asked   for   the   expenditure   of   $7000  on    a    court-house     and     jail    at     Revelstoke  and     $2000    for    improving     the     Big     Bend  trail,   it   is  questionable   whether   the   welfare  of the district  was  the   motive  governing   the  signers    of   the    petition.      The .������������������majority,    of  the   people   of    West   Kootenay   do    not    ask  '.for.the expenditure of $7000 for a court-house  and jail anywhere  in   the district, for the good  reason that they do not know whether the center  of, population   will be  at  Revelstoke or at  some point on Kootenay lake.    At present, Nelson, and not Revelstoke, is the center of population.    As proof of this statement:   Buchanan's  saw-mill,' Balfour, and  Pilot Bay saw-mill, with  a combined population  of 75, are distant 16, 20  and   21  miles  respectively  from Nelson.    Ainsworth and Hot Springs district; with  a population  of 20Q,   are  28  miles   distant from Nelson.  Hendryx's   great   Blue   Bell    mine   is    but   32  miles distant.    Goat River mining district   and  Rykert's     custom-house,     with    a    population  of   from   25   to   30,   are    from   60   to  75 miles  distant    from     Nelson.       The    /great      Silver  King and other nSIu.es of Toad Mountain district  are all within 12 miles of Nelson.    Sproat with  a. population of 50, is 30 miles from Nelson.   Trail  Creek mining district, with a population of 50 to  100, is less than 60 miles,from Nelson.    It is safe  to state that  Nelson   today is the most central  point in the district for fully 800 people, a number far in excess of the population of Revelstoke,  Illecillewaet, and Big Bend.    "Yet the people of  Nelson do not  ask for  an appropriation   for a  court-house and jail.    As to the necessity for an  appropriation  of $2000 for the   Big Bend trail,  The Miner is willing to leave the question of  the ���������expenditure of the money to the assistant  commissioner of  lands and   works for . the district, in the belief that he will not expend $2 on  that trail, to say nothing of $2000.  The Behilng Sea question has virtually been  settled by a 15-line decision of the United States  supreme court. The Victoria seal poachers will  view with alarm the quiet ending of a dispute  that gave them much notoriety, even if they did  suffer an occasional loss.  When two or* more persons enter into partnership to prospect for mineral, the partnership  is nearly always an informal one; no papers are  drawn up, and the general understanding is that  they are partners in all mineral locations made  by the respective members. It often occurs  that one or more of the members of these informal co-partnerships become disgusted at continued poor luck, and quit the combination  without giving reasons or even leaving a post-  office address. Others, again, refuse to pay  their share of the expense or", doing the annual  assessment work. Under the present mining  laws of British Columbia, the 'partners who remain are unable to either collect the departed  partner's share for the annual assessment or give  title to the claim should they be so fortunate as  to find a buyer. The mining commission, whose  work is now being considered by the legislative  ix&".  " '      .���������,ljv- '*���������  ^* sfrt. * j>* n THE, MINEE,:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,   PEBKUAEY  21,   1891.  Dealers in Dry G-oods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Crouds ',-."������������������;  '���������': ���������':���������- .���������".,''  '.. I " ������������������'.-'���������.������' ';,."' ;���������������������������'.������������������''" and "compare "Prices.-. ''.'<' ;      '���������������������������"-.. ��������� ���������:"'.. ���������������������������������������������>���������'  tree  C!  9 and 11 East Yemeni Street NELSON".  ���������assembly at Victoria., made an attempt to provide a remedy; but it goes too far.    It virtually  forces the rein a ining partners to take in another",  partner, to replace the delinquent-one;..which is  unfair, as no. firm, especially an   informal one,  should be compelled  by law to take in a partner-  that might iit every  way  be obnoxious to the  ���������members  of  the  firm, merely   because: he had  money to purchase ah  interest, offered-at public  auction.     Again:    The /-members   of   the  firm  should .-not ..be put to   any ,unnecessary expense  to acquire title to  a claim  which is their property by right.    They should not be compelled to  bid against outsiders for property  they   alone  created;  and they should not be put to the expense of paying an auctioneer,.,and the fees of a  sheriff  and  other  provincial  officials.     Again:  By the  wording of the   section  drafted by the  mining  commission,   partners   who   wished   to  freeze out a. partner could easily do so  by making   improvements on such  an   extensive scale  that the partner sought to be frozen out would  be unable to pay his share.    All that is required  is a. plainly worded section that will enable partners to  compel  delinquent  or absconding partners or co-owners to pay their share of the assessment work required by law.    The following  is an. illustration.as'to how it is done under the  mining laws of the United States, the notice being clipped from a newspaper printed in Shoshone county, Idaho:  NOTICE  TO  CO-OWNER.      v  To Thomas Duhan:    You arc hereby notified that in accordance with 2324 ot the revised statutes of the .United  States,'.we, your co-owners, have expended in   labor and  ���������improvements on (lie Champion  mining claim, located on  Shields' giilch, Placer Center mining- district, one and  a  quarter iniles east of Osburn, three and a half miles west ���������  of Walla.ce and one mile south of the Northern Pacific railroad, the sum of ������100for,the year 18)0, and if vyithin ninety  days after'the expira,tion of this notice by publication you ,  fail or refuse to contribute your proportion as co-owner,  amounting to  $33.33 .for one-third interest, together with  cost of advertising, your interest.in. said claim will become  the property of the undersigned.    -OLE MAR'! FNSEN,  JOHN SHANAHAN.  First publication January 31st, lS'Jl.  On October 2nd, ] 890,. Thorn ton Fell, clerk of  the legislative assembly, caused to be published  in the British .ColumbiaGazette a notice regarding' the introduction of private bills. The notice  is plainly worded, and requires thai all applications for private bills sliall require a notice,  (dearly and distinctly specifying the nature and  object of the application, to be published m the  British Columbia Gazette and in one other 'j  newspaper for a period of at least 6 weeks during the interval of time between the close of the  last preceding session and the consideration of  the petition. There is not a, word as to the time  being limited for receiving such petitions. But  along on January ord, 1891, clerk  Fell  causes a  notice to appear for the first time in the .Gazette'  that the time limited for receiving petitions for  private bills will expire on Thursday, the 5th  day of February, 1891. Why did not clerk Fell  insert the limit of time in his first and original  notice ? If he had, all applicants for' private  bills would have been placed on the same footing. As it is, applicants in Victoria had fully 2  or 3 weeks the start of applicants in an out-of-  the-way place like Nelson, where the Gazette of  Jan nary 3rd w.as ree'ei ved on the 15th. The assembly would act wisely if they wiped out the  private bills statute altogether, and substituted  therefor a general act, whereby companies could  be organized to carry on any business, railroading as well as salmon canning. Do away with  special legislation, and save the time now devoted to the consideration of such measures to  framing statutes that will, prevent ���������''-members"  paying their election expenses out'of: monies appropriated for needed public works.  ���������Sir.   8.1 lis   _..ilij������__-e._e������I   as  to a  "Rare*  >re.  To the Editor of The Miner: In the last issue of The  Miner I notice the sentence: "Much of the ore (viz. the  Silver King ore) is brittle antimonial silver," etc. Possibly  others besides myself are in doubt as to what mineral is referred to, inasmuch as the name "antimonial silver" is  reserved for an alloy of silver and antimony, known as  dyscrasite. The name is sufficient to indicate that the  in ineral is of rare occurrence. Assuming that this mineral  is not referred to", is ruby silver ore (pyrargyrite) meant, or  brittle silver ore (stei.)hanitc), or miargyrite, or polybasite?  Unless the ore has completely altered in character of late,  I believe it will be found that peacock copper ore (bo-mite)  and grey copper ore (tetrahedritc)���������the latter in particular  ���������are chiefly responsible for the high silver contents of the  Hall ore.    faithfully yours.  GEO: E. R. ELLIS, M. E:, F. C. S.  Nelson, February lGth, 18.;)I.  For the information of   mr. Ellis and   others  who are in doubt as. to the character of the ore  now in the funnel of the Silver King mine, The;  Miner, at great trouble and no little expense,  has had an  analysis  made of the ore which it  last,   week   called   "brittle   antimonial   silver."  Unlike  hrittle   silver,   or  stephanite,   it   has  a  lateral cleavage, and is a. dull grayish-black in  color, its specific gravity is 7.83; hardness 2.5-  3. It is easily fusible on charcoal; but. yields a.  .silver globule only by cupellation with lead.  When "ignited it is yellowish-red in color and  emits an alliaceous odor. Oomposit ion ���������Sh 10.2,  As 3.8, Fe 2.1, Ag 01.0, N 0.5, O 3.1, Cu a. trace =  99.9. It is a rare ore, as mr.'.Ellis says, and is  only found in large .-fissures or spaces diet ween  layers of stratafied rock, which varies from  euphotide having a granitoid texture in part  through diabase and doleryte to scoriaceous  hasa.lt. The. ore of the Silver King has completely altered of late,.and instead of there-being,  but a"few thousand tons of $-10 bornite, there  are'many thousand tons of brongniardite, poly-  argvrite," freieslebenite, pyrostilpnito, .and schir-  merite ores that go from $200 to $1100 to the  ton, and not a, few tons of -'rare" brittle antimonial silver, or" bylreaderite, ore that goes  from $S000 to $17,500 to the ton.  DO: NOT USE P00E MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  ST  are for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON  SAWMILL GO.  Yard:.. At .end  of Flume in '������������������Nelson.  'Mill.!" Two  Males  South''of NcKsoii. ''  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL.  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both "in the rough and  dressed.    Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in   any  part of Nelson.  CORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.  .M. ;.S. . IBAVYS,        .*.  W.  TOILSON, '  MANAGERS. "   ���������' ,'  The Kootenay Late Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Lumber��������� good, bad, and indifferent��������� on  hand or made to order.  G. 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January loth.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished, on time.  SEASONED- LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  ���������1  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts. It  ant  I1*  fi-Ji  m  .1  Ife  II'  if*  lift  P.:  r  6  THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   E.G.,   SATUEDAY,   FEBEUAEY  21.   1891.  A    KABMCAI/. ���������MA'X������E ��������� I>EMAX.I>R_9������.  Next to tluv determimilion and settlement of  land titles, the ownership of';mining claims has  been in California the! most -'fruitful source of  iitig-ationV the greater- portion or this litigation  having grown out of the question of side lines or,  its eq,uiva,lent. So generally has this been the  case that a* very radical change in the statute  governing- in this respect would seem to be demanded. Under the law as it now stands the  ������������������ claim-owner may follow and work any lode having its.apex or croppiiigs within his surface lines  even tho u gh i t ex ten ds i n  i ts d o w i i ward co 11 rse  outside those  lines.   .There, has   come to be developed  a strong  public sentiment in  favor of  substituting   for   this   law   one   providing   for  square   locations,   and   confining  the   rights  of  claim-owners \vitlim   their  surface   boundaries.  In other words, it is proposed to inake our mining laws conform  in this respect with those of  all other civilized -r_.il:ions, bringing them at the  same time into ������������������-.harmony with our   practice a.s  regards   placei���������,   coal,   stone,   agricultural -and  other land claims, the "'owners of which have no  right to go outside their surface lines.    Within  these lines they may go downward without limit,  but late rally-not a hair's''breath over them. With  alaw like this the cloitbt and obscurity would .disappear, and .all  would  be rendered plain, fixed,  and certain.   Instead of ha.ving recourse to legal  proceedings, involving a necessity for lawyers,  bailiffs,0 courts,   a.nd   juries   to   settle   disputes  about ore  bodies, the service of an  expert surveyor would suffice to determine a question of  fhis kind at little cost and in a.  very short time.  It might   he thought   that  a   law enacted so  many years ago, and ��������� which   has been  the subject of so niuch adjudication, would by this time  have become .so well understood that its workings  would give rise to  but little controversy.    But  this  is a misapprehension.    It has  been, as already remarked, a .'prolific source of litigation.  Scores of suits  have grown out of it, and they  continue to  multiply year by year.    The court  calendars   are crowded with them,  and not always   ha:ve  the findings  of the   various  courts  been in harmony.    The opinions of  the several  judges have sometimes been  in conflict, leaving  the law in. such  particular cases  unsettled and  doubtful.     Even   in   the supreme court of the  United   States   a  minority   have  at   times  dis-  sen ted from  the findings  of their  brothers on  the bench.     And so this'very uncertain law has  on occasions been  rendered still more uncertain,  by theacts of its ablest '.interpreters..  If the judiciary, perplexed and in doubt, has  called to its aid the learned geologist, the mining  expert and others skilled in, rock formations,  vein systems, slips, faults, dips, spurs and  angles, these specialists have not infrequently  been found so divided in opinion that the judicial mind has, through these helps, been only  the. more bewildered where it sought for guicl-  a.nce, and the judicial vision only the more obscured where it sought for enlightenment. The  truth of this statement is well exemplified in  the manner in which we find these authorities  arrayed against each other in the-suit now on  trial in Los Angeles.  'Here we have 6 professionals, all honest, capable, and experienced, pitted against each other,  3 on a side, their testimony being, .presumably,.,  entitled to equal weight. What is the court,  and the jury to do in a, case of this kind? Of  course lind for the side on which there'.seems a  preponderance .of    evidence,   which    is   hardly  more than making an  intelligent guess or striking in the dark.  Now, clearly, much of this obscurity, perplexity, and doubt would be obviated wore, the plan  'of. making square  locations and   restricting all  within their  surface limits adopted  in  place  of  the present apex theory, which in all these legal  contests constitutes the principal element of uncertainty.    To continue this apex  clause in   the  law governing mining locations  will   be  but to  perpetuate  these  costly feuds and  bequeath   to  coming  generations a  heritage  of  enmity and  strife.  Two Thousaiad. H&olhirs to Hie B'jiii.  Judge Leonard of Oryille, California, gives the  following account of the largest pan of gold  ever taken out of a California placer claim: In  the first part of the month of October, 1857, H.  J3. Lathrop, now dead, and myself took out of  the Cape claim, on Yuba r.iver, a pan of gold  containing 101 ounces and 4 pennyweights of  pure clean 'metal that sold for oyer $2000. We  found the shining stuff in the middle of the  river bed under, a large boulder. It was some  distance above bed-rock, and we did ve?;y little  stripping of the surface dirt before finding it.  The gold was In small pieces, the largest of  which was not worth more than 25 cents���������it  was all fine scale gold. When we found it it  had settled in a crevice of the rock, where, it  had washed by a natural riffle.  W.aat  3s a  B.orsc-SN^ver?   ,   ��������� " .  '  When   men   first   become   familiar   with  the  ���������.���������methods-of measuring mechanical power,  they  , often speculate on where the   breed of horses is  to be found that can keep at work raising 33,000  pounds 'one foot per minute, or the equivalent,  'which  is more familiar to  some 'mechanics',,of  raising 330 pounds 100 feet  per minute."  Since  33,000  pounds   raised   one   foot   per   minute  is  called one horse-power, it is. natural that .people  should think that the engineer's who established  that   unit   of   measurement   ba.sed   it   on   what  horses could really do,.    But the horse that can  do this work does  not  exist.   'The'horse-power  unit   was   established  by James   Watt, about a.  century'-.ago, -and the  figures ��������� were'   fixed in a  curious  way/    -Watt  found   that   the  average  'horse   of  his district"could  raise 22,000 pounds  one foot per minute.    This, then, was t he -actual  horse power.    At that time Watt was employed  in   the  manufacture-.of'engines, and customers  were so hard  to find  that* all  kinds of artificial  inducements  were, necessary to   induce  power  users to buy .steam-engines.   As a. method of encouraging   them,   Watt  offered   to sell engines'  reckoning 33,000 foot pounds to a. horse-power.  And thus  lie was the  means of giving a false  unit to one of the mostimportant measurements  of the world.  I have discontinued selling- lots in Balfour for.the winter  months.' This will 'give an opportunity for holders to improve the shining hours of winter bv selling to their friends  outside. CFIAl.iL.ES WEriTLYBUSK.  , Balfour, B. C., November 25th, .1890.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the parliament of Canada at its next session for an act to  incorporate a company with power to construct, equip,  operate, and maintain a line of electric telegraph and tele-  phono from Sproats Landing on the Columbia river, in  Kootenay district, to the boundary line of the province of  British Columbia, together with all necessary powers,  rights and privileges.  Dated at Victoria, B. C, this 12th day of January, 1S91.  CHARLES WILSON, solicitor for applicants.  McIntyri. & Code, Ottawa agents.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that an application will be made  to the legislative assembly of the province of British Columbia, at its next session, for an act extending the powers  of. the ('row's Nest & Kootenay Bake  Railway Coinpany,  and enabling the said company to construct, equip, operate,  and maintain a. line of railway from a point on the lower  Kootenay river, at or near its junction with Goat river,  thence to the Columbia, river in. the neighborhood of Fori  Sheppard, with a branch line to Nelson, via.Salmon river,  and from  the Columbia river by way of Osoyoos lake and  Similkameen  river to Hope; thence following the south  side of the Eraser river to a convenient point for crossing  to New Westminster, and a. convenient terminal point on  Burrard Inlet, .with power to build branch lines not exceeding HO miles, in length.    And that sections 6, 7, and IS  of the Crow's Nest & Kootenay Lake Railway Company  act, 1.888, may be amended by increasing, the'"capital and  b()rrowing powers of the company, and to change the.name  of the said company to the  "British  Columbia Southern  Railway Company." CHARLES WILSON,  Solicitor for applicants.  Dated the 11th day of December, IS'JO.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application'will be made to  the legislative assembly of (ho-province of .British Columbia, for an act to incorporate the "Xelson Waterworks  Coinpany, Limited .Liability." a company organized for  constructing, maintaining, equipping,and opern,ting waterworks at the town of Xelson, West Kootenay district,  British Columbia, and for the purposes thereof, granting to  the company-the privilege of taking water from Cottonwood Smith creek or the east fork of said creek, at suitable  places on said creek or creeks, with power to build Humes  a.nd aqueducts, lay pipes, erect dams..acquire lands, and  do all things necessarv for the purposes aforesaid.  ROD WELL & IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Nelson, B. C, January' 10th, 1800.      "  NOTICE.  During my absence from Kootenay, T. Vincent Thurburn  of Baker street holds my powor-of-attorney, and Mr. Saunders of Balfour to act as my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms of the land act.  CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, 18LK).  NELSON MEAT MARKET,  Will  contract,  to deliver fresh meat at railroad camps,  mines, and all towns,on Kootenay lake.  ZDXJ_E^I__.TC3-   ,X,_E_r_E_]   AV"I2NTT__I1_E^  (having   the   contract   to   carry   her    majesty's   mails)  SADDLE A1MD PACE! ANIMALS,:  for the convenience of travelers, will ,be kept on the trail  between Nelson and Marcus..  '     EX PR ESS    PACKAGES  promptly forwarded from- Marcus to Little Dalles, Trail  Creek/ Sproat, Nelson, Balfour, and Ainsworth. ,  also, job wagons and saddle animals'.  OFFICE AM) MAEKET:  1.1. EAST  lG*V  J  JL-L \JJ  acme .= J:  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Through Passenger  Service from Ocean to  Ocean.  _ESTO    OH_A.__STG-_EI3S_  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick Di.sPATCirand lowest freight rates  : .K6'o.(>itay -Lalco Stea_������j������������_\s. will be consulting   their   own   interests  by shipping by the  The Columbia &  Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  IR   "LYTTQIM"    .  leaves Sproat's Banding for REVELSTOKE 'every, lues-  day and Friday, making connection with trains for  VA35TOOUVEE,'  JNfEW WE3TMBTSTEE,  VI0TQEIA,  g pv_C03Nr,X,_E:2,_E_____.X_:,  r* I TOROINTO,  Si ST.  tp__^tx:l__  CHICAGO,  AND'  ALT.  POINTS   EAST.  Por rates,  maps,   time-tables,  etc.,   etc.,   apply  to any  agent of the company. '  ROBERT KERF., D.  E.  BROWN,    :  Gen'] Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'] Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  WlNNIl'KG,   MANITOBA. VANCOUVER,  B.   0.  hi  DEALERS  IN  ��������� 'GDEIOOEBIBS  AND  SUPPLIES P0E PE0SPECT0ES AITD MIJMEES.  TJALKOU'R,  located as it is at tin.1 outlet of Kootenay lake, will  be easily'accessible during the winter to all  the  mining districts on  the  lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON.  A ins worth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, .Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on groods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  m  6"_i__=l.?  It  _.__&������������������  ift_������ _Si ���������m&ssI^.������*w_k??iV,USKa^ THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   PEBETJAEY  21,   1891.  CI.EAM   OF   <VME    W*������3.S__]>'S ...MEWS.  ������1  On the 13th, in New York, silver was quoted at ������1.01} an  ounce and lead at :;?1.25@-L.40 a hundred.  A great ratification meeting was held at Kingston, Ontario, on the night of the.7th by the Conservatives to indorse  the candidature of sir John Macdonald. Sir Charles Tup-  per stated that the United States dreaded the development  of Canada's resources under a Canadian protective tariff,  and referred to the Mcivinley bill as a measure passed to  coerce Canada- and '"prompted by -.unworthy'" men in our  land for (lie purpose of handihg'overCann.da to the United  States." He felt that the attempt would meet with such  indignant response.at the hands of Canadians as to prevent  it ever being made againl  Whalon, who shot and killed Fee in Victoria last  month, was sentenced to the penitentiary for life by chief:  justice Begbie. ,.'..        ,c  An e'normous; crowd thronged the house of parliament  to listen to Gladstone's.advocacy of Ids.bill,to enable Catholics to hold the ���������'offices of lord chancellor of the united  ��������� kingdom and viceroy of Ireland. Gladstone was in line  form and throughout his speech advocated a second reading of the bill. Me showed no signs of weakness or waver-  ing, and���������-apparently was as fresh when he sat down as  when he began. Later, Gladstone's motion was rejected  by a vote of 25(5 to 223. ."-.-.''.'���������.  In the legislature of Idaho, the anti-.Dubois members  passed a resolution declaring Dubois's election to the  United States senate illegal; they then elected W. H.  Claggett as senator. ..<>'-'      . -,  rrhc Irish parliamentary party leadership difliciilty is  still in a badly muddled condition. Dillon and O'Brien  have surrendered to the police, and will probably.;;.be required to serve their G-month jail sentence.  ��������� ''������������������'Ti|i������ <N������������_>Ht of one  Mining,. Cqii__jai_y Alone.     ,  For the benefit of capitalists on the coast who  believe there is no money in mines or mining in  the Kootenay Lake country, merely because an  "expert" they  employed lastsummer  reported  Unfavorably on several propertied lit1 examined,  the following is given regarding .the Anaconda  company's operations at "Butte and Anaconda,  Montana.    Many   mining   men   claim   that   the  Silver King mine near Nelson is a more valuable  mining  proposition   than   the mines' owned by  the AcFjacbnda company, and base their belief on  the   fact   that  the ore  in  the Silver King is  a  higher-grade copper ore than that from the Anaconda, mine  and that  the ore-body is equally  .large:    "It is learned from a trust wort liy source,  says the Butte Miner, that the output of matte  from the Anaconda company's smelter during  the   year  1890  was   10I,3i3S,757   pounds,   which,  placing the copper contents at 57 per cent of the  total,  would,   make   the  output  of  fine  copper  about 59,200.000 pounds.    Figuring the copper at  14 cents per pound, this would amount to $8,330,-  000 for copper in the matte alone.    As to the si 1-  ver output-for the year very little is known, but  it   is   estimated   at  300,000  ounces   per   month.  This would' make the value of the total  output  for the year about> $11,930,000.     In  addition  to  this, the amount, of gold saved would  be sufficient to bring the grand total to at least $13,000,000.  This will give an idea of the almost incalculable  output, of one mining company alone, although,  it  must  be.  added, the largest  producer among  the many big companies operating.in the neighborhood of Butte."  3r������o3- Sews for __.i.<4Scy\s <.s'c������3H.ors.'  Spokane Spokesman, 13th : It is now established beyond doubt that the Morning mine at  Wardner, Idaho, will change lmml's.- Tlie only  delay there will be, if any, will be the time required for a satisfactory distribution of the  shares of the property among the individual  members of the purchasing syndicate, and for  the adjustment of tlie .minor details.of the deal.  it is understood that the -principal provision of  the transaction, is, that the first payment made  will be ma.de at once1, and will be sufficient to  square up all the indebtedness of tlie Spokane  National  Bank.  Oais.i'se ^Savory __i. &as_ JF_\_!_c_><*o.  Slavery in tlie strongest and most literal sense  of the word exists in the Ca.lifornian metropolis.  The Federal government knows it, but-makes  not the slightest effort to eradicate the evil. I  refer to the hideous traffic in -Chinese women.  ���������There are thousands of these women in San  Francisco, and except the wives of a few of the  higher-grade Chinamen, there are none who are  not bought and paid for. These slaves are all  brought into the United States on fraudulent  certificates, and several  Americans holding offi  cial positions have at various times been -arrested for complicity in the forgeries, but in  every instance the 'matter has been hushed up.  The girls are all young when brought over,  ra nging in age from 10 to 16 years. The San  Francisco slave dealer's have agents in China,  who purchase the girls, paying from $500 to  $1000 each, according to the degree of attractiveness.' Most of rliem are contracted for before  arriving in this'conhtry, yet they will often be  put up at auction in some secret den in the Chinese/quarter and knocked down to the highest  bidder. AH this would be bad enough if the  Lcirls..were simply sold into skwery, but it is a  fact that 'they are sold to masters who compel  them to lead lives oi: shame in orderthat their  gains may be increased. Tlie awful truths.-fit"  Chinatown depravity may. some time be told.  *"���������������������.  apa, i?_aa������i.__a is J&ead."  A party of men we're'sitting in the back room  of a Cincinnati saloon playing poker a few nights  ago.    There were 5 in   the game..and  the limit  ���������     .''   ��������� o ���������    ��������� , '��������� ,  was 50 cents,, made smalt because  the players  were workingrtlien,who had"dropped in to pass  the evening over beer and cards.  Things went on 'slowly for the first hour, when  the beer commenced to get its work in, the winners shoving their chips out more boldly, which  made the losers play more desperately.  So far the biggest loser Was a red-faced, burly  sort of a man, known as Jim Robertson, who  lives with his family not a great distance from  the stock-yards. He is a. heavy drinker, and the'  more beer.he drank the more reckless he played  and the ''.-deeper he got into the hole. At the  h)ss of every pot he swore and cursed his luck  and the good luck of others.  The clock struck 10 when a thin-faced boy of  10 or 12 years approached  the table and, stepping up to Robertson, said:  i;Pa, ma wants you." /��������� "  "All right; I'll be there soon," was the gruff  answer, and with that the 'boy left and the game  went on, the players hardly noticing the interruption.   .'.-.���������  Quick a.nd often went the drinks and livelier  than ever went the chips. An hour later 2 of  the players were in the hole to the extent of $S  to $9 each,'while Jim was in deeper* than any of  them. The winners were quite merry over their  luck and rushed the jack-pots with considerable  vigor. Then, as the hands of. the clock were  edging toward the midnight hour, one of the  players said :  "Let's play 10 50-cent jack-pots and quit."  "That's me," said Jim;  "I think I can win out  if you do."  "It's a go," echoed the others.  Two-red'chips each  50 cents, $2.50 in  the pot  and only 50 cents to draw.    What a temptation  to the loser seeking to get even.  And the loser was in every pot, before the  draw, after the the draw, in everything save in  raking down the chips���������that pleasure was left  to the winner only.  Five minutes to 12 o'clock, and now comes the  last pot. -  "Let's make this $1 each?"  "A dollar it is and $1 to open it."  "it's a go," with a hurrah.  And Jim opens the pot.  He is raised. '  Perhaps it's only a-blind to keep the others  out. If so, it doesn't work, as the pot is too big,  and the others drop in with $2 each. Then Jim  scans his hand like a. true sport, looks at his  chips, and, seeing that lie has only 2 reds and a  few whites left, goes into his .-pocket and brings  out a V, the remainder of a twenty that he had  brought in early in the .evening, his whole  ���������week's earnings, and with the grace of an old-  time winner, says:  "Play,for three."  "Play for four," says  the next,'the man  who  made" the original raise.  The ot hersthought it best to drop out. They j  were not in it. Shook-hands. Had no business I  there.  "Play for five," savs Jim.  "Six," says the other.  "Plavforthe  balance  in  the bill," says Jim,  calling sight.  o r_>  "Yes."  "Well, cards?"  "Dont want anv,:  savs Jack.  'Nor I.   What have you got?  "King high straight."  "No good; ac(5 high flush here."  "H-��������� and d��������� -!" '        :;  Just then a. boy stepped up to the table. It-  was the same lad who had called before, but his  face was ghastlv -white and his eves'were wet  with .'tears. As he came up lie touched Robertson on the, shoulder, and in a, low voice, but  heard by 'every one -present, said : ,  "Papa, mamma is dead!"  'ihe.  rAopenient...  I was in   tlie  depot in' Louisville, in the, doorway of the waiting-room, when a st ranger beckoned "me out and said:  "1 want you to do me a favor. , See if there is  a woman about 40 years old in there, wearing a  black silk dress, a brown wrap and a. hat with 2  white feathers in it."  I sauntered in and looked around and reported  her there.  "Anybody with her?" he asked.  "Yes; a man and a little child."    '  H is fa ce was pale', and bet ra y ed great em o t ion,  and his voice had a queer sound as he considered  for...a moment:  ; "Take this pistol., I am her husband and she  has eloped. I was going to kill the man but I  have thought, better of,it."  He entered the l'Oom, and the guilty pair rose  up and turned pale as he approached.    He did  not look at either of them, but walked straight.  up to the child, took her in his arms and  went  out, saying:   '  "We haven't any home now, darling, but we  will go away somewhere, and make one."  "Come, mamma.!" called the child.  '.Hush!" he whispered.  "i  Vernon Street, near Josephine,-  -. NELSON, EE. ���������.  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS THE  TABLE  arc comfortable in size and       is  acknowledged   the best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  TlE-CIE   _E3__^:R,  is stocked with  the best liquors and cigars procurable.  A     '        '   - ' ! <��������� .  No whiskies sold 'except Hiram AValkcr & Sons'  celebrated brands.  TRAIT.  CREEK, B. C.  W.   B_.   BMH.XTUN...-.,.'    ..P1.0n.i.KTOU  '  The'Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Creek  mining district, its proprietorbeing'acaterer Of experience.  'Die table will a) ways be supplied with .the best of'-everything obtainable. Tho bar is stocked with * ho ice liquors  and cigars, including II iram AValkcr & Sons pure rye  whiskies,    Good stabling for animals.  APPLICATLONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  Notice is hereby given that, 'Richard A. Fry and A. O. Fry  have tiled the-necessary papers, and made application for  a, crown grant-in favor'of -the Grizzly Rear mineral claim,  situated at Toad Mountain, West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if.any. are requested to forward their  objections to me within (50 davs from the date of this,publication. G..C. TUNSTALL,  Revelstoke. January 29th, 1S9L Gold commissioner.  Notice is hereby given that Richard A. Fry and A. C. Fry  have filed the necessary -papers and ina.de application for  a crown grant in favor of a. mineral claim known as the Silver Queen, situated in the Toad Mountain subdivision,  West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their  objections to me within GO days from the date of this pubr  lication. G. G. TUNSTALL,  Revelstoke, January 20th, 1S91. Gold commissioner. IK  Ik  IP  B".  II,'  11'  k  8  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  PEBETJAEY  21,   1891.  REVELSTOKE  Railroad. Avenue,  SPROAT.  ���������V7"-E3IOXJElS_A_.XJ_E   _A_JSTJ3   EETAIL  ! jt  I: f  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Conrpany and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  smali/,;i\ij������<.;b<:ts  of  stkws.  All men who arc miners by trade or who favor the o--  ganization of a miners'union in Toad Mountain district arc  requested to assemble at R. E. Lemon's store on Monday-  evening, March 2nd, to take^steps towards organizing a  union.  The men engaged at removing obstructions from the Columbia river below Sproat are reported as making good  headway. The obstructions in the first rifile or rapids arc  already nearly all removed.     /  Owing to the ice in the outlet, captain Da vies and the  ;���������' Midge had considerable difliculty in making the trip from  Nelson to Ainsworth on Monday. The ice cut a hole in the  planking of the hull so near the water line that the boat  could not be run on an even keel without danger of swamping her. Part of the cargo was removed into a row boat/  and the run was made through to Ainsworth in safety.  The boat was taken to Cockle's ship-yard at Crawford's  -bay and repaired.  The Frvs are applying for crown grants for the Grizzly  Bear and Silver Queen mineral  claims.   Both claims are.  located in Toad Mountain district and adjoin  the Hall  group;  The- Idaho came in this week from the Pilot Bay sawmill. On the return trip she took a gang of men and a  team down the outlet to a point near Balfour, where they  will be employed in getting out trestle and bridge timbers  for D. B. Campbell. Wr. A. Flager also took a team over to  his firm's logging camp on Cra'wford's bay. Captain Fry  reported towing 2 booms of logs from Crawford's bay to  tlie mill at Pilot bay, and that 2 more would be ready on  the Idaho's return.   ���������  Sheet-iron works have been established at Sproat, with  Allan McPhee, a skilled blacksmith, as manager. He will  mike a specialty of shutters for doors and windows.  IT. E. Leaycraft, one of the best known civil engineers  on the Pacific division of the Canadian Pacific, died at Ontario, California, on the 7th. The cause of his death was  consumption. A year ago last fall, when coming down  the Columbia from Revelstoke to Sproat to engage in Jo-  cation work on tlie Columbia & Kootenay railway, he  caught a severe cold, from which he never fully recovered.  ���������'I his spring he resumed work on the Sproat end of the railway, only to leave in the fall a very sick man. The trip to  California was undertaken in the hope that the climate  would prove beneficial ; but, apparently, it hastened the  end.  .Roderick McLeod is maturing plans for a large 3-story  hotel on the site of his old house at Ainsworth.  Billy Perdue and' Billy VFilson are somewhere on the  trail between Kettle river and Nelson with 25 head,of beef  cattle. .Unless thev arrive soon, Hatma's little red bull  will have to be slaughtered, as the stock of tenderloin  6teaks is running very low.  Improvements for the week: The frame of Hanson &  Johnson's Vernon street hotel is up; the Baker street  wafer tank is in; and the tanks of several of our leading  citizens are more than full.  The lake country is having a little wintery weather for a  change,.the sunshine and salubrity being in eclipse. Monday night was the coldest of the week, the mercury, dropping down to 5) degrees; at I o'clock on Friday it registered :>!>. There is "a foot of snow at Nelson, and about  (he same at Ainsworth. The outlet is free from ice today,  a. sfill" breeze blowing from the northeast.  R. S. Williams of Minneapolis, who has been looking up  some mining property for a Minneapolis syndicate, returns  wi-11 sal . islie'd wit h whit he saw in the lake country. Mr.  Will anis will return to Ainsworth in April, with flic intent ion of erecting a concentrafor in the neighborhood of  tlie Tenderfoot.mine.  McLean & Flager will require about 2 weel  cs  _...v. ,_.,.���������.. _^ ... .,v_,_.    ^ -         in which to  complete the railway grade between Sproat and  the new  townsite.    The work will not be done until spring.    They'  now have a few men grading a site for a depot.  By the ''nineteenth annual report of the public schools of  (lie province of British Columbia.," Revelstoke lias the only  organized school district in West Kootenay district. It  est the province &08S.3S to run it for the year ending June  30th, ISJ1. The average actual daily attendance was 18  pupils.  Personals: John McNeil, the hotelman of Ainsworth  and all-round real estate speculator, put in a day at Nelson this week. He was ottered ������(i;30 cash tor an East Baker  fit root 30-foot lot, bul loftily refused the liberal offer, say-  in"- that he expected to sell that lot within a year for  $(j;300.   A. J. Marks, wearied of the gayeties and pleasures  of the' outside, returned inside on Thursday. He makes  his home at the Nelson house. John McLeod counted the  ties between Sproat and the crossing of the Kootenay on  Thursday. He reports none of them missing. Ban McGillivray arrived at Nelson on Thursday, making the trip  through from Spokane in 4 days. He is one of Nelson's  largest real estate owners, and immediately on his return  to Vancouver will have plans made for a ID-room uo.el, to  be erected on block 13.  1   .iJ_.stfj.������_slic������_   v*.8;__   their Mail Ssrv.c*;.-  The  people of ..the.  Kootenay   Lake   country  only obtained a weekly mail service by agreeing  to pay half the cost of such service, the government   very  generously  contributing   the other  half.    The   contract  was awarded the  late Joe  Wilson, but with the distinct understanding on  his part that he was to be allowed.-a full week in  which to make  the round trip between Nelson  and Ainsworth,  because  of  tlie uncertainty of  communication- between the 2 points.    He also  stipulated that the  mail '.must   leave Nelson  for  Marcus and  for Ainsworth on   Mondays.    The  Wilson estate has lived up  to thus agreement to  the letter.     All   towns   on   the   route  have   received  a   weekly  service.      The   inbound   mail  leaves Marcus on Mondays, Trit.il Creek on Wednesdays, Sproat on  Thin'sda^^and Nelson on  Mondays,   arriving-, at   Ainsvvorth   on   Monday  nights  or  on   Tuesday   forenoons.     Returning,  the mail leaves Ainsworth on  Fridays .ov Saturdays, Nelson  on  Mondays* Sproat on Tuesdays,  ���������and Trail   Creek  on   Wednesdays, arriving  at  Marcus  on   Thursdays.     By  this arrangement  the people at each point have ample time 'to answer letters, and know that the arrival and departure of mails   will  be on   the same day each  week.    This   does not  suit  the people of A ins-  worth���������they Want the Ainsworth mail  to leave  Nelson the day after its arrival, returning from  Ainsworth   to Nelson   on Mondays.     The contractor claims that   to do this  will necessarily  cause delays at every other point on the route,  and  he   is  unwilling to do   it.    He also claims  that had it not been for the people of Nelson the  lake   country   would    have   had   but   a   semimonthly   service  during  tlie Winter,  and  that  Ainsworth has no just cause for complaint.    As  the present arrangement expires on March 31st,  tlie people of Ainsworth will, no doubt, manage  to get along,  even   if the service does not exactly suit.them. _        ���������,    iioes  out wifi,3i   a  $ioo<l   Opinion.  II. 8. Williams, representing Minneapolis parties, passed through Nelson this week on his return from visiting Hot Springs district and the  Crawford's bay neighborhood. He stated that  his expectations were more than realized, and  t hat the properties in which his friends are interested are up to representations.  a  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DRUGS,   PATENT   MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  GBGARS    AT   WHOLESALE    AND    RETA.L.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  AND  AT  <L:ile   Walsh's)  15 EAST BAKER STREET.  Postoflicc Store,  Nelson,  15. ���������.  AND GENTS' PUENTSHING GOODS.  ALSO,   FULL LINES OF  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  GIGARS   AT   WHOLESALE  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, .NELSON,. B. 0.  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims; crown  grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.   .

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