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The Miner Dec 6, 1890

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 ^ryyii.,!,,.',.,!  t    t  i      ;  It"-  r.i  J?-;  |> ;  a*.  V' !���������  lit-1'  Only. J'siiier.  Printed. '��������� in ��������� th e. ">���������  l4.oo������'eiiay ������,ake Mining 'Histric'ts..-:  : For Kates  of Su fiseriptJon and  Advertising; -.  See l^Mu-th  J������a<jje..  1TOMBEE 25.  K-ELSOlt BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE   6,   1890.  U A YEAE.  NEW^:''FUOM'-TlIK-  SUMMBT.".-Otf   TOAB> /MOtiVTAlN.  In Toad Mountain district, the tunnel on the  Silver King is in 310 feet, very hard rock having  been encountered the last week or two.  According to the survey inade, 130 "feet is yet to be run  before the bottom of thev incline shaft is reached.  This will require at legist 10 week's time, and it  will be   March 1st before  the water is drained'  from what is believed to be the richest inine on.  the Pacific slope.    It is reported  that the Fry's  have  bonded the Grizzly to a representative"of  the Omaha smelting works'.   The Grizzly is supposed to be a spur of; the Silver King-Kootenay  Bonanza lode,   and   is  developed   by  a  65-fobt  shaft.    From what was  considered an ' average'������������������  sample of ore on the Grizzlydump, The Miner  last summer got an assay of 72 ounces in silver  to the ton.    The same  party' is .."negotiating' for  the Iroquois, a parallel claim to the Silver King.  Although  there   is   considerable   snow   on the  ground, the trail from Nelson to these mines is  in very good condition.    If work should be com-  mile, with little or no shoal water. Dming last  summer it was almost impossible for tourists or  others to procure rowboats in which to make  excursions for exercise or pleasure. However  this will not be the case next year. Isaiah Stevenson, a boat builder of experience, intends putting in the .winter building boats suitable for  the business he expects to build' up. He has  already erected a, boat-house at the foot of Hen-  dryx street. '''���������.-'������������������'.'.       . . J;'- /  "THE -.HANGER''   S.AIH"   T4> -..BE-'".-'AYEKXEH. '���������".'.���������  menced at the right time in tlie ��������� "spring1, the  wagon road could be completed to the Hall  mines by July 1st. , .  Over in the gold belt between Eagle and 49  creeks, a little is being done toward developing-���������  future bonanzas.     Tlie  Poornian   tun net is   iii  solid rock, with a shift at work.    Supplies are  being packed up to the Wild Gat, where 2 shifts  will.be engaged during the winter.    John Lodge  is at work on  the Forest, a claim '"lvihb- alongside the Wild Gat.    He has uncovered what he  believes is the ledge, but/is not down far enough  to:be certain:    On the Pioneer a tunnel is under  cover and  a good cabin   built.     The   owners,  Lodge "���������& McKenzie, will  put. in the winter extending the tunnel.    At me Wizard a tunnel is  in 16 feet, showing 18 inches of ore in the face.  Farther up the hill an open cut shows the ledo-'e  tojoe 2t inches wide.    Tne High Ore and Total  Wreck, 2 claims on which considerable surface  work has b.^en done, also.show more or less ore  of  the   same   character  as   that  found   in   the  above-mentioned claims,  that is,  white   quartz  carrying gold in iron pyrites.  On the north side of Kootenay river, George  Long and Charles Barnes are at work on the  Missing Link, ca,claim on which they will put in  their best licks.during the, winter.'  ' - A  ������-Eoot i,edgc Strusek  ������>3i  iinnt. River.  "Jap" King made a lucky -'-move when he  moved from South Africa, back to the Kootenay  Lake-country.' -Tn Tidy or August last he located  a claim oir Goat I'iyer which is proving to be a  mine. The ledge is 'M to 3 feet in width near  the surface, but at.a dent-h of 100 feet it is found  (a be 6 feet wide. This*, depth-was .attained" by  running a tunnel less than 130 feet. The ore at  the greater depth.is fine;looking galena, and if  ��������� as.rich as that from the surface, mr. King and  his-partners have a pretty good thing. Captain  Hay ward of the-Galena is one of the'owners.  A "Stover. ���������reek   Property.-HoiMled. '  It is ".reported" that the Whitewater on Rover-  creek has been bonded to Victoria, parties, the  conditions of the bond being a cash payment  and a share of the stock, ii: being the intention  of tho parties bonding the claini to stock it. A  tunnel is in on the ledge 00 feet,, showing its  width to be. from 2 to 5 feet. As the ore samples  $110 in gold and $9 in silver to the ton, Victoria  capitalists have at last got hold of a. piece of  mining ground that has something in it besides !  .quartz.  W5I3   Put  in  the Winter  ISnUtfiniu: Btoats.  There is no finer stretch of water for boating  than up and down the outlet from Nelson, y  There is no current to speak of, and it is never it  so rough���������even during high winds���������as to render |  it unsafe for eit her -rowing or- sa.i ling. The aver- I  age width of the outlet Is fully a quarter of a  '  The   danger  of  a .scarcity of  provisions  for  the winter tha* once threatened the towns on  Kootenay lake is now believed to  be averted,  the continuous good weather making it possible  ������for the hauling to,Bonner's Ferry of all supplies  at  Kootenay '.station.:    While there will  be  a  scarcity  of the luxuries���������-like  creamery butter  and  Stilton cheese and fresh eggs  and maple  molasses���������there will be more   than   enough  of  the necessaries���������like  bacon  and   beans and rye  whisky and Milwaukee beer.    The  people "that  are. here are not in  danger of .perishing from  starvation or going broke from- paying famine  prices; and those that are,;not here had  better  not come here until navigation is ���������resumed in the  spring.    The  mistake  made by our merchants'  last winter will  not be repeated  this.      When  the  road  was good  last   winter they failed to  push supplies through from the railroad to the  j   river, and when the road was drowned in a sea  of mud in the spring the supplies could not be  pushed through.   The people of the lake country  " were- thus ydeprived during :Apr-il  and May of  many of the necessaries���������and all the luxuries-  thai they were so able and willing to pay for.  This winter a. large .-warehouse": will be  built at  the; steam"boat landing by the company of which  dr.   Hendryx   is   manager,  and  our  merchants  will see to it that the warehouse is filled with  goods long before, the road  between Kootenay  station and Bonner's Ferry is rendered impassible by the spring break up.  Slowly  but Surely .Nesiring.   Vclgou.'    "  The piers and false-work for- the first 100-foot  span of the Columbia & Kootenay railway  ���������bridge is ready for the Howe truss. The foundation is in for- the Grain crib pier on the south  side of the river, and it is expected to be completed within 2 weeks." By that time the track  .will have reached the bridge, and the work of  putting in tlie trusses will be commenced. The  bridge,will not be completed earlier than the  middle of February. About a mile of the grade  is completed eastward from the bridge site, the  work being 1 ight. For another mile and a'haIf  all the heavy rock cuts have been opened, and  work is well under- wav.  ���������vcr's' "FariM" -Surveyed  'into''Town. JLota.  'Whatis known at Nelson as "the Hoover  preemption" has been surveyed into town lots  by its present, owners,'who'are supposed to be  high officials of the Canadian' Paciiic railway.  The tract embraces 100 -acres, a.nd adjoins trie  Nelson townsite on the south. Most of the land  is level and suitable for 'residential purposes.  The lots number over 1100 and are 25 by 120 feet  in size.    The streets conform to those of Nelson.'  .Surveying a  Wa������o������   Hoad   to. Trail' CreeEc.  A report is printed in the Spokane" "-Falls  papers that D.. O. Corbin of the Spokano-North-  ern railway has engineers iii the Held surveying  a wagon mad from Little Dalies to Trail Creek  district, by way of Sheep creek.  The BSuUioii and .ttiaj������ers.or 193e,tat Market.^-  After-dropping down to 03;^ cents, silver has  again an upward tendency, the latest obtainable  New York quotations" being .$1.03 an ounce.  Lead has ruled at $4.85 per 100 pounds, and copper at ib\_, to 17 cents.  ���������MyBSG   news .fbmmi   hot  spkiVk's-;. 'bifstrict.  In Hot Springs district, everything in a.1 mm-  ing way is settling down to a .'winter basis. ,. The  hoists at the Ki-ao, United, and Skyline are not  yel: i-unning, but will  be durIng the month, the  boiler  for the United being placed in position  this week.    The Skyline ore: lias  been   packed  down from  the mine to the: end of the wagon  road, and will  be hauled to the landing in time  to catch the last boat for Boimei-'s Ferry.    The  upraise in the No. .1 is imore.    The chute or deposit is apparently of considerable extent and  trends north���������the direct ion the ledge is supposed  to run.    The ore assays from ���������$100-to $150 in silver per ton.    Twq claims,the Old Timer- and the  tenderfoot,   in  the   United 'group- are   rnakin^  ���������good shovsungs.    The Old Tuner- ledge is 3 feet  wide, with 16 inches.of ore assaying $135 to $200  in   silver.    Its owners, Ernest & Schroeder   intend, to push work all winter.'.; On the .'Tender--.''  foot  the  rich   ore   carries  native .silver,  which  causes  its  owner,   W.   W.  Spr-ague,   to'believe  tlrnt he will  some" day in the near future be a  lacoma ba(nk .president, the people of that Puget  Sound town having-no"objection" to silver from  British   Columbia,   provided   it   is  not   coined;  when it, is, they invariably  discount, it  20 percent.    Torn ..Shearer has made a; new discoverv  a-.-feWo.-huudred feet  southeast of the  Crescent  shaft.    The  surface  indications are said  to be  very favorable, assays by Bryan  of Ainsworth  giving a return of $81 in silver and (55 per cent  lead.    Fletcher & McKinnon have struck ore in  theVanconver, which is reported  to be of the  ���������same character as that found in the Neosho, the  '���������owners believing the claims to  be on the same  ledge.    An   ore-house for  the United has  been  erected at the steamboat landing at Ainsworth  and it is expected that "dr. Camnbeli, the manager of the mine, will, while here; make arrangements for hauling ore during the winter-.  y Two   Land 'Policies  ikmtrusted. -c  c    The   lauds  lyiug in   the   valley of  Kootenay  "  river south of the international  boundary line  are no .more suitable for settlement than "those  lying   in the  same valley  to the  north of the  boundary line:     All the lands-are, more or less,  subject to overflow.    On the south side of the  line  the lands can  be  acquired  by "squatter's  right," that is, under the land, laws of the United  Stales, the squatter has the first, right to preempt or homestead the land squatted on when  it is surveyed and thrown open   for settlement.  Oil the north side of the line every -'acre of land  suitable  for farming  or' stock-raising   has been  '."reserved" for a reclamation and  colonization  syndicate, who are said to be endeavoring to-reclaim-the lands  from overflow.\  On "the south  side of the line, settlers are reported as oomino-  in  the valley very fast.    For miles on the west  ���������side of..the river continuous lines of claims have >  been  taken   up,  and.  a number of  families are  already on the ground.-' If emigration continues  ���������at-the   present rate   not  an   acre of  cultivable  land  will  remain   unclaimed .by this time  next  year.    On the  British Columbia side of tlie line  Only'a solitary settler is  seen.    The contrast  is  striking,  and  is   caused   by   the   United   States  government not ''       '' ' *  to syndicates.  gran ting-  large blocks of lands  A  iliix 1V9iiion^ fl&eal   !kea<iin^.  There is a rumer current in the lake country  to tlie elfect that negotiations are pending between the owners of the Blue Bell and George J.  "Ainsworth for the latfer's mining interests in  the Hendryx camp. Mr. Ainsworth owns several claims alongside the Blue Bell, the Kootenay Chief being the best known. The Blue  Bell is known to. be. a mine, and its owners evidently want to be in possession of adjoining  property/so as to prevent any show for' future  1 itjgat ion. The price asked by Ainsworth is said  to be $100,000.  <���������#  wrawMMMBMawMWta^ <SY  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,  B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE 6,  1890.  Goods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect, Claim, yo District.  N-E'RS' SUPPLIES',  STAPLE GROC  EN'S FUR  BUILDERS' HA  Drugs and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth.  C^.tttt~2T   E'XTXiX.   LISTBS   OP  AND STEEL,  FLOUR AND FEED, DRY GOODS,  BOOTS AND SHOES,  AINSWOETH, ._; 0., and EEVELSTOKE, B. C.  THE    .LAKE''--C;Ol"jNTRY    AN'   ANCSJLEIK'S    PAltAHISE,  AS  WELL, AS A  COMING   MINING  COUNTRY.  "The best in the world, bar none," is an aphorism equally as applicable to the mines of the  Kootenay Lake camps as to the speckled trout  and salmon in the lake and river by which this  section of British Columbia is designated. Last  July professor Silvern ail visited the lake country, putting in several days on the river below  Nelson, and the following from the American-.  Angler of a recent date, is what he thinks of it  c froni his standpoint, that of an expert fisher-  man: '���������-. ,:,  "That ride was one of the pleasantest episodes  in my piscatorial life. The scenery along the  river was so beautiful that I frequently stopped  my horse to admire the swift, swirl of the  waters as they came dashing oyer falls and eddies, about rocky points, foam-spattered and  majestic. -The. water' of the river is by far the  most beautiful I ever saw. The "volume, especially early in the season, is much greater than  that of the famous Nipigon, in northern Ontario, wh ich has so long been the great attraction to our eastern anglers, while the falls are  more numerous and grand. The refluent cur-  rents along the sides of the stream, caused by  the rush of the rapids, also greatly resemble  the Nipigon, and the eddies and swirls beneath  their clouds of spray caused by the tumbling  cataracts, as they dash with deafen ing'thunder  over- rocky ramparts and bet-ween craggy columns, bring to mind in many places the mad  tumult below Virgin falls at the head of the  Nipigon, or the wrathful rush of waves'which  sing their eternal dirges at Cameron's or Hamilton's pool. At Ward's hotel, about 12 miles  from Sproat, too impatient to wait until eventide, I sallied forth, rod in hand, and a mammoth creel slung over mv shoulder. With a  good-sized red hackle and a stretcher and a  smaller fly of darker- pattern as a dropper, I essayed the rapids in front of the hotel, and, somewhat/to my surprise, my casting was soon  greeted by a. rise from a silver beauty, of" about  a pound weight, which cut up more didoes than  any trout I hooked during the whole.-summer's  fishing. He was safely creeled, and I pushed on  towards the fall. A still stretch, forming almost a bay at the bend of the river, intervened  between the first successful cast and the quick  water below the rapids at the fall, but when this  was passed, having yielded a. few small trout,  and the deeper and swifter waters of the stream  ���������opposite/the ledge of rocks I had reached-, I  found to my delight that almost any cast was  greeted by a vigorous rush from some of the  gamiest trout I ever caught. They were of the  red barred-silver, variety, and averaged between  1 and 2 pounds. 1 soon iilled tlie capacious  creel which would hold about 30 pounds. in  the catch was one very handsome Dolly Varden,  the trout of the western waters, so much resembling the speckled trout-of eastern streams.  I stopped fishing before the evening hour was  well advanced, and before the trout might be'  said to be rising for business. This first experience on the stream made me feel that the picture bad not been overdrawn. On-return ing to  the hotel my catch, which would have made the  eyes of my friends of the Catskills dance with  wonder and envy, did not seem to strike Ward,  the hotel-man, as remarkable, except in the time  of the day when they were captured.  kT  The next day I pushed on to Hugh Keefer's  grading camp, where I spent 3 days. That gentleman informed me that his 'army, of several  hundred workmen had fished at the evening  hour in the; pools .along-the stream and the catch  had been fabulous, the camps being abundantly  supplied with fish all summer. A pole cut in  the Woods, with a line tied on and fi single fly  attached, without a leader, has been all-sufficient  in the hands of those who had never caught a  trout with a fly before. In comparing the fish-  in g of the Kootenay with that of the Nipigon,  much is in favor of the Kootenay. 7 In.-'the..first  place, the accessibility of the fishing on the  Kootenay gives it an advantage; over any 1 ever  saw. It is reached without any hardships whatever. The track of the railway is laid right  along the river bank, in some places so close to  the water that it would not be difficult to make  a successful cast from the platform* of the car.  The fishing is done from the bank with plenty of  room for the back cast and with no necessity forever moistening the feet. The back stretches  and eddies are easily fished from projecting  points, and they are simply swarming with  trout. Another very important feature is the  freedom from annoyance from, mosquitoes and  black flies. During my 6 days there I saw only  one solitary mosquito, and it was a very inoffensive creature. As to the fishing, it is simply  a question of how many you want to catch.  The str-earn is so varied in the character of its  pools, the falls are so numerous and large, and  the trout so abundant, that the supply is practically inexhaustible. I -would recommend the  Kootenay as more certain to afford satisfactory  sport than the Nipigon. There are certain- points  ou the latter where a skillful angler will take  larger trout than those caught in the Kootenay,  and for gameness nothing short of a mad bull or  ���������a locomotive .can. surpass them, but the scores I  made and those that anyone can make on the  Kootenay would satisfy-any .reasonable-persons  Most of the trout I caught ran between 1 and 2  pounds. Those I took the first day at Ward's  were nearlv all silver trout, but those on later  days and farther rip the'.stream were of the rainbow variety."  Professor Silverimil then recites the success of  friends who -.accompanied him on the trip..  Standing- in one place one of them took 10 trout,  8 of which weighed 27 pounds. These were  caught above Ward's, on the opposite side of the  river, between 3 ond 6 o'clock in the afternoon.  The following day they took 15 trout from one  pool, among the num ber 1 doubles. The average  weight of "the"15 was- 1^ pounds. A half-mile  farther down in an hour they iilled a 20-pound  creel, hooking 1 trout at one cast. Crossing the  river one afternoon and after fishing three  quarters of a mile down stream and back, their  catch weighed 82 pounds, filling a creel and 2  large strings. They stopped fishing about 7  o'clock in the evening-.  Professor Silvernaii, after a glowing description, takes a special care to disown any intention of booming the Kootenav district. He  acknowledged the courtesy he had uniformly  received on his transcontinental trips. He appreciated the magnificent service, the superb  hotel accommodation, the indescribable scenery,  and the masterly management of the gigantic  Canadian Pacific svstem which has brought the  ends of the earth together, but he wrote as a  representative-of the American Angler, and was  chiefly interested in giving reliable information  through that journal, whose reputation for veracity stands un impeached. He would stake his  reputation on the fishing in the Kootenay, from  Nelson to its mouth, and ���������.-affirms that if any  sportsman ever visits these pools and comes  a vvay with disappointment and bitterness in his  heart, he will give the disappointed soul the liberty of drowning him in the eddy below the falls  where he stood.'one-.morning and cast liis flies  across the magnificent rainbow which stretched  amidst the spray upon the dancing waves from  shore to shore, while from the -refluent-depths  the rainbow trout leaped-lightly up to seize his  gaudy lure. The publication of such a lengthy  and favorable description in the American  Angler,1 a journal of weight and influence, will  doubtless draw"many, pleasure seekers and those  wishing a holiday, to the Kootenay Lake mining  country. To accommodate these sportsmen the  Canadian Pacific has let a contract for a first-  class hotel at'-.Nelson,-..where tourists will find  every comfort accorded'.them at Banff and the  Glacier, 2 of the famous mountain resorts on the  line of that road. <  "Kill" Siearney Arrested for -Seduction.  A number of residents of the lake country are  from Colville, Washington, and more or less intimately acquainted with the parties mentioned  below. Mr. Kearney is a disciple of mr. Parnell,  both politically and morally. A warrant was  issued at Spokane Falls on the 22nd of November for the arrest of W. H. Kearney, a wealthy  man of Colville, on charge of seduction, preferred by miss Alice Dent, a well-known and  highly esteemed young lady of that place but.  now residing in Spokane Falls. The story of  the affair is that W7. H. Kearney, whose mining  interests are largely in the vicinity of Colville,  met last summer at the Dominion hotel an  attractive young lady, a. relative of the proprietor. They kept company for some time, and  during that time the step across propriety's  deadline was taken. The young lady alleges  that he was false to his promises, and has abandoned her.  The  Greatest Wold   Mine  on   Svariii.  Australia not only comes -to.the .front with  great pugilists and great oarsmen, but has great  gold and silver mines as well. The Mount Morgan gold mine, near ".Rockhanipton, Queensland, continues to be the wonder of the world.  It is believed to be paying larger profits than  any other investment in the range of commerce.  During the past year dividends to the amount  of $5,353,000 have been paid, and the entire  property is now valued at the enormous sum of  $72,097,000. Yet, this little hill was bought a  few years ago for $3,115, and the original owner,  who held the property-without dreaming that it  was. of any value, is now a. very poor man.  From the base of the summit this so-called  mountain is only about 700 feet high. The ore  is of remarkably high grade, and there seems no  .prospect  that  it will   be   exhausted  for   many  years.   Three out oi' Six  Hied in Africa.  Out of the 6 miners, well-known in the lake  country, who went to South Africa, 9 are now  dead, namely "Hank" Otey, James Hawes, and  James Mounteney. "Jap" King is on Goat  river, 60 miles from Nelson, and Leo Scouden  and Mat Roland are yet in Africa, wishing they  were back.  8_������MM_������M8ffiM THE  MINEE:    NELSON,  E/ C,   SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE 6,  1890.  HECISION,   IN-   THE   EVENI_������-T������IJ������_L\_T   CASE.  t  ������'���������''"  if.  f\;  Coplen et al. vs. Dolan et al. Tried in the county court by  consent.    Ward Spinks, county judge.  The dispute in this action arose through the  surveys of the Evening and Tcyiighnut '-.mineral  claims overlapping. Both claims were taken up  in 1887, and are therefore governed by the act of  1886..-������ The Evening was taken up some two or  three days prior to the Toughnut.  The first  contention   of   the   owners  of the  Toughnut was that the owners of the Evening  had abandoned their original claim and relocated  the same ground in 1888.    This would make the  Toughnnt the prior location.    The facts proved,  however, do not support this contention.;   The  Owners of the^Evening, after locating, did the  necessary assessment work, and were anxious tb  record the same as required by the act, that is,  Within 6 months from the date of their record,  but the gold commissioner was not in his district   at  that  time,   and it seemed extremely  probable that the 6.months would expire before  he could be got at.    The manager of the Evening, A. D. Coplen, without any authority from  his employers, restaked the claim and recorded  it in his own name, as the Evening lode.    This  locating by  A. D. Coplen is relied on   by  the  owners of the Toughnut to prove an intention  on the part of the owners of the Evening' to  abandon their location.   A-.-.D. Coplen,'however,  swears that he had no authority from his employers   to   abandon   their  claim   or  to  locate  afresh in his own name.   It can hardly be argued  that his employment constituted him their agent  for that purpose.    He was their agent to do all  things necessary to  enable .-'them   to hold the  "claim and certainly not to abandon it. He might  have been their agent for that purpose, but he ,  would have required express authority, and this  authority  is   denied  by  one  side  and  not  attempted to be proved by the other.    It must not  be understood from what has been said that A.  D. Coplen had any intention to act unfairly by  his employers.    His actions clearly .prove-'that  he was  a,cting   in  their interests  throughout.  When   he found  an Opportunity   to  complete  their title he  did  so  and  abandoned  his  own  record.     There can   be   little doubt   but that  should he have been unable to record the work  in time to save his employers' record, he would  have so arranged matters that they would not  have lost their claim.    The contention that the  location of the Evening was abandoned cannot  be sustained.  The next point arises from  the fact that the  stakes   of. the  Evening  are  not  m   an   exact  straight line. And if the center line of the claim  be taken to run through either of the end stakes  and the center stake the disputed ground will  be found to lie in the Evening location ; but if,  on the other hand, the centre Hue be held to run  from end stake to end stake, then the disputed  ground Would be outside the Evening location.  The true direction of the center line should be  settled by the-notice on the stakes, but. this notice is not in evidence, and it is very doubtful,  after 3 years,whether it exists. Unfortunately  the law does not require a copy of the notice to  be filed.  The custom in staking mineral claims is to  place the center stake where the mineral is first  discovered, and to run along the lode if possible  750 feet one way and 750 feet the other way. It  seems only right, therefore, to look upon the  center Stake as the principal stake and to require the center line to run through' it. It  would seem fair also in all cases where the law  appears doubtful to give the benefit of any such  doubt to the prior locator. Therefore, without  being at all sure of the law that should govern  me in this case, 1 give judgment for the plaintiff.  in examining the title to the Evening mineral  claim I had to examine'carefully the records in  the Nelson office, and Nelson is to be congratulated' on the way the records are being kept,  A Powerful   Electric  Light.  An English paper says:    Usually we look to  America for  the biggest things on  earth,  but  strange to say, although the Americans are the  most extensive users of electricity, the most  powerful artificial light in existence is the property of the English government, and is to be  found in a light-house on the Isle of Wight.  The light is obtained from a carbon lamp of  special pattern.    The ordinary light is equal to  three million candles, but a light of six million  candle-power can be and has been obtained. It  is impossible for any one who has not seen it to  imagine the wonderful brilliancy of the light,  but some idea may be formed f roui the fact that  it can be distinctly seen 45 miles away, and that  at the Needles, 14 miles distant, it is quite easy  to read very fine print by means of the reflection.  KevelstoKe as a Wholesale Point.  The Revelstoke Star-of the 29th attempts', to  refute the statement made by The Miner, that  is,   that the  Star never  shines as  brightly  as  when discussing that which is improbable.    It  tries in-a.'column to prove that the merchants  in. the KOotenay Lake towns will, for good bus-  ; iness reasons, purchase goods from the wholesale dealers  of Revelstoke.    One  of the  good  business reasons given is, that the Revelstoke  merchant can purchase goods cheaper than the  Nelson   or  Ainsworth   merchant.     Surely   the  Star should know that the merchants of these  towns purchase their goods in the same markets,  that   is,   the   Canadian    manufactured    goods.  These goods are pu rchased in Mon treal, Toronto,  Winnipeg,   and   Victoria.     If   the   Revelstoke  merchants can purchase goods in these markets  on better terms than the Kootenay Lake  merchants, it must be because of having larger capital or buying in larger quantities.    They may  have  larger  capital, but they certainly do not  purchase goods in larger quantities.    Another  question to be considered in the cost of goods, is  the rate  charged  for  freight.    Revelstoke is a  way station on the Canadian Pacific, and every  pound  of freight  consigned  to   its   merchants  must of necessity be shipped Over that road.    It  is not a competitive point, and is hot likely to  be.    The towns on Kootenay lake are competitive points, therefore their merchants can secure  lower freight rates than can  be secured by the  ��������� merchants  of  Revelstoke.    They  now procure  Canadian manufactured goods as readily over, the  Northern Pacific as over the Canadian Pacific,  the goods con l in g th rough i n bon d over the f or-  mer road.    Probably the Star would have the  bonding arrangement done away with, so that  the Canadian Pacific would have a monopoly of  the carrying trade of British Columbia.  The. McKinley tariff has nothing whatever to  do with the question. There are lines of goods  largely used or consumed in'mining camps that  are not manufactured in Canada, and inustof necessity be purchased in the United States. The  merchants on Kootenay lake purchase these  goods at Spokane Falls, and will continue to  purchase there, or elsewhere in the United  States, until the goods are'manufactured In Canada. Will the Star contend that the merchants  of Revelstoke can purchase goods in Spokane  Falls cheaper than the merchants of the lake  towns, because of Revelstoke being a landing on  the Columbia river?  During the year drawing to a close the merchants of the Kootenay lake towns sold 3 carloads of goods to 1 sold by the merchants of  Revelstoke, and during the coming year the  ratio will be largely increased. In making this  statement, The Miner does not wish to upbuild  the lake towns at the expense of Revelstoke;  but the resources of the lake country are greater  and more likely to be speedily developed than  are those of the country' around Revelstoke,  notwithstanding the contention of the Star.  Census of the States of the  Union..  official census of every  the  United   States   of  Montana ....         132,159  Nebraska.  1,058,910  Nevada        45,7(31.  New IIainps11ire ...     3i 50,530  New Mexico........     153,51)3  New Jersey ........ 1,411,933  New York  5,997,953  North Carolina .... 1,(517,947  North Dakota       182,719  Ohio  3,072,31(5  Oklahoma        01,830  Oregon ...      313,7(57  Pennsylvania     5,258,014  Rhode Island.......     315,50(5  South Carolina  1,151,149  South Dakota      328,808  Texas.  2,235,533  Utah................     203,905  Vermont ...........     332,422  Virginia.....   1,(555,380  Washington........     349,390  West Virginia .      7(52,794  Wisconsin  1,086,880  Wyoming        00,705  The following is the  state and territory in  America:  Alabama ........... 1,518^017  Arizona ...'.."        59,(520  Arkansas       1,128,179  California  1,208,130  Colorado ..   ........     413,189  Connecticut      74(5,258  Delaware      108,493  DistrictofColumbia     230,392  Florida.      391,422  Georgia. :....���������   1,837,32(5  Idaho        81,385  Illinois...  3,824,357  Indiana...:  2,192,404  Iowa ..'.....  1,911,890  Kansas ... 1,427,00(5  Kentucky   1,358,035  Louisana ..  1,118,585  Maine ......  .......     001,080  Maryland  1,042,390  Massachusetts ..... 2,238,943  Michigan   .......... 2,093,889  Minnesota  1,301,82(5  Mississippi .,..  1,289,000  Missouri  2,(579,184  DO NOT USE POOR MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  MOLDINGS,  are for sale in any quantity by the  '    ���������  ��������� .    ��������� ������������������>   '  ��������� . '������������������'���������'������������������ I.   ���������        ' '��������� ��������� o  NELSON S1WMILL GO.  Yard:   At end of Finnic in Nelson.  Mill:  Two Miles South of Nelson.  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough .and  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same ;  ������������������".-, delivered   promptly   in   any  part of Nelson.  CORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run ddwn the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.  M.  S. 1>AVYS,      '.1... II.'"TOIiSON, ." '..''������������������'���������".  .    .MANAGERS.  Kootenay Lake Saw-Mill.  100*000 feet Lumber on hand at NELSON.  ��������� 50,000 ' '���������"      '���������" ",        AINSWORTH.  100,000   "  ((  <(  MILL.  Parties Purchasing Lots in Nelson  ON  I5BJI_l>IN������>i CONDITIONS  will be liberally dealt with in regard to lumber supply.  Gr.O. iB TJ C ZE___IN"^___T  BUILDERS.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.       &  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  HANSEN ^HILTON,  CONTRACTORS  AND  Will contract for the erection of any size wood building.  Plans and estimates furnished and bills for material made.  Job carpentering attended to promptly. Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, East Vernon street.  a      ana       __^ a  will do all kinds of  CLEARING   AND   CONTRACT   WORK  in and about  Estimates given on work.       Address, Balfour via Nelson. THE  MINEE:    KELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE  6,  1890,  The MrNBR is printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three mon ths ������1.50, six months $2.50, one year f 4.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of ������3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  eaclv nuike'an inch.''.All.-advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  ���������-.'must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines. ,���������  Birth Notices  free if weight of child is 'given ; if  weight is not   given   $1." will  be   charged.   Marriage  announcements will be charged from $1 to $10--aoeord-  ��������� ing to' the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing in good styrjo at fair rates. Cards,  envelopes;'and letter, note, and account papers kept  in. stock.  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name.    Communications with such signatures  as  "Old  Subscriber,"  "Veritas,"  "Citizen," etc.,  etc.,  ���������will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters: The Miner, Nelson, B. C,  (with "via Kootenai, Idaho," added if mailed in..the  United States.)  o  Authorized Agents:   Henry Anderson, Ainsworth;  James  Delaney  and   James   Gibson, Spokane  Falls;  J. H. Matheson, Donald;  E. S. Topping, Trail Creek;  .    _\ B. Wells, Revelstoke.  A report is current that the Canadian Pacific  officials are not at all satisfied with the lands  selected under the grant made that company by  the province for building 28 miles of railway  from Nelson to Sproat, and that an effort will  be made to exchange the lands for cash. The  company was granted 200,000 acres of land, in  l-mile-square blocks, the blocks to be selected  from any lands in Kootenay district. Thirteen  blocks of 10,210 acres each were selected from  lands situated in the southern part of West  Kootenay, and 6 blocks of like acreage from  lands situated in East Kootenay. Many of the  blocks selected cover- lands already occupied as  mineral claims, preemptions, pur-chases, and timber limits. Very naturally, the occupiers of  these lands protest against the granting of  .such blocks, and the officials of the railroad  company begin to see that the protests are based  on a strict construction of'the act granting the  lands. Now, it is said, they' will endeavor,  at the coming session of the legislature, to secure legislation that will change the land grant  bonus to a cash bonus of $200,0(X).  If the railway company had made a careful  exploration of the country before selecting its  blocks, good unoccupied lands could have been  found; but, instead, blocks were selected at  points on Kootenay lake and river that embrace lands utterly unfit for other than mineral purposes. Two of the blocks include  within their boundaries the towns of Nelson and  Ainsworth; while2 others have navigable rivers  (the , Columbia and Kootenay) running  through their centers���������rivers over quarter of a  mile in width. Perhaps the railroad company  had a motive in selecting the blocks referred to  above. The officials of the company knew that  the selection of these blocks would be opposed  by the residents of the lake country, and that  the opposition of the people would be allayed j  by generously offering to exchange the lands |  for cash.  The provincial government will be wise, if  any such legislation is asked, to compel tlie railway company to comply with the terms of its  contract.- Make the railway company locate its  blocks on unoccupied crown lands, and give it  every acre nominated in the bond, but not a  dollar in money. The railway company has  been generously dealt with by the province; let  the province see to it that the railway company  does as it agreed.    The precedent would  be a bad one to estab  lish. Every* land-grant road in the province  would demand a like exchange of their lands  for- cash, and tlie province would be bankrupted  by the exchange. ..'. ��������� '-  The tendency'- of the age is towards forming  combinations of capital to^carry on|Iarge enterprises." One of the best-known con!b'i .nations of  this~7lass in America -is" the Standard Oil Oom-  pan>vincoi-porated~ilnder_t he_, 1 aws_of Ohio.    It  has been '.unscrupulous in attaining its ends, and  1ms, practically, crushed on tall opposition.   Yet,  it is doubtful if the consumer has not been benefited, both  in price and in  the quality of the  manufactured products of this greatmonopoly.  Every gallon   of oil  sold  is guaranteed  to   be  pure, and the price at which  it is sold is never  more than a figure that gives fair interest on the  cost of production.    If this be the actual result:  of   a combination    of   oil    capitalists,   a   capitalistic;   combination    to    manufacture    other-  products   may   result  in   equal   good   to   consumers.    The latest combination is one recently  formed in Chicago to engageln the manufacture  of harvesting machines.    The combination lias  a capital of $50,000,000, and its promoters claim  they will be a,ble to manufacture that one class  of farm machinery so as to result not only in a  profit to themselves, but in  a great saving   in  cost to the farmer.    This is to be clone by placing the present large harvesting machine works  under   one   management,   thus   cutting   down  operating    expenses.       Competition   is    to   be  crushed out, and machines sold at a fair price  over the cost of manufacture.     The Standard  Oil Company has demonstrated that its business  methods are of great benefit to the consumers  of oil,and this combination may be equally successful in demonstrating its usefulness to the  farmers of the United States.  commerce ; and the needs of future generations  would .'not-_-.be: mortgaged to the heirs and assigns of the speculators of today.  The land laws of the province will be remodeled at the next session of the legislature, and  the coast papers are discussing the changes that  should be made. The Columbian of New Westminster, printed in a town whose chief industry  is that of manufacturing lumber, is opposed to  the present way of disposing of timber lands.  So is The Miner. The Miner believes that  the disposal of large areas of timber lands, for  speculative purposes, is against the best interests of the people of the present generation, and  a great wrong against those of future generations. The governluent of today should not sell  that which of right belongs to 'future governments. Again : The present system of dispos-  ing of timber lands is not such as can be taken  advantage of equally well by all men who wish  to engage in the lumbering industry. The rich  man has a great advantage over the poor man,  in that he is allowed to acquire lands without  limit. This is not right. The government  should not dispose of an acre of timber land.  The land should be held in trust .'for the people.  The Miner suggests that the government,  withdraw all timber'lands' from lease or purchase, and, instead, allow timber to be cut as  the necessities of the people demand, charging  therefor a tax of so much per thousand feet of  logs. If this method was adopted, it would be  a no greater- difficulty to engage in saw-milling  or log cutting than to engage in general mer-  chan lising or carpenter work. The tax could  be collected as easily as other taxes, and at no  additional expense. In the end, the result  Would be as large a revenue to the province as  is-derived under the present system. No more  logs would be cut than would be required for the  uses ofthe people and to meet the demands of  The worst foes of poor old Ireland seem to be  Irish m en.    In  late years n p" m an stood h i gher  with, the Irish people than Parnell, and, probably,  no man   among  all the Irish leaders  was  truer- to what he considered their political inter-  esfs;   yet,   by,   a   single    act,   he  has  lost   his  .'..power'- of   furthering  their  political -interests.',  The Irish leaders now in America have lost the  good will of thousands of Americans  by living  at   the  highest  priced-.hotel 'm New York city  while appealing for financial aid for* their starving countrymen.    In snatching the sceptre of  home rule  from  the English tyrant,   the Irish  leader iii America does not propose to go hungry,  even if his countrvnien on the old sod do starve.  '   The American Law Review, in a. recent article,  pays a generous tribute to the general excellence  of Canadian character and institutions.    It regards the   bench  of   Canada -as..-'''composed, of  "learned, high-minded, and honorable judges,  " who hold their office, dur-ing good behavior;  ".���������whose, judgments are, therefore, not in  any  "sense subject to the danger of being warped  " by popular clamor, or by the impressions of  "the hour."    It will be observed, that the writer  recognizes  clearly  not   only  the  fact,  but the  cause of the fact, in  that permanency of their  tenure of office, which enables Canadian judges  to   rise  above  the  influences   which  must,   to  a   greater    or ��������� less   degree,    tend    to    affect  the' judgments   of   all  except   the   very   best  of >those     who     hold     their     positions     hy  popular     favor.        But     the      Law     -Review'  is   just  the    least    bit   fulsome   in   its   praise  when it characterizes  the   bar   of  Canada, "as  " educated and disciplined, and which has not  " lost, in the scramble of the tradesmen, the dig-  " nity and honor of the legal profession."    The  ba,r of this province of the Dominion of Canada  are undoubtedly dignified; but it is a debatable  question whether they are more learned or more  honest than the bar of any Pacific. Coast state  in-the Republic to the-.south.  Ex-president Cleveland has many admirers in  Canada; why it is so is" difficult to guess. The  Miner is not an admirer of mr. Cleveland, but  is an admirer of ex-senator Thurman of Ohio.  The following from the Salt Lake Tribune, edited by C. C. Goodwin, is the reason why it admires the Ohio man : " Whenever- called upon,  " he has shown', his'capacity "to-speak to the oc-  " casiori,   whether  it  be  in   the  senate  of  the  United States, or on the hustings, or at aban.  quet. He is one of the most profound  "thinkers in the land, and he is going down  "through the canyon of old age to the river  "that "rolls'noiseless'' at the canyon's mouth  " with a. stately grace which makes a beautiful  " picture for Americans to contemplate. Some  " men are born great, some acquire greatness,  " some have greatness thrust upon them. Allen  " G. Thurman was born great, and he never  "shows it any more than when brought in di-  " rect contact and contrast with other men who  " have, had greatness thrust upon them."  a  a  If letter writing would reclaim the overflowed  lands lying between Kootenay lake and the  boundary line, W. A. Baillie-Grohman would  now have hundreds of settlers on the lands in  question, instead of one solitary rancher-  navigator, who raises but 2 crops���������wild hay and  trouble for his neighbors. However, it must be  admitted that mr. Grohman's letters are plaus- THE  MDTEK:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   DECEMBEE  6,   1890.  Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  ; ,. ' ������������������     .        ��������� .. .       '.;',.-'���������    -  ���������   ��������� -" ���������   ���������:'   .     ^ ���������'-���������������������������-..  ���������' (>'       ��������� ��������� .;.���������'.     ������������������������������������'' ���������.',.'        .���������'���������'' y.  The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the -.public will findit to their advantage to 'call-and inspect G-pods  : and compare Prices.  Main Street, EEVELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Yernon Street, NELSON.  i>  ;  v; ���������������������������.  l������';-s  Si-  H  ibly worded, if not succinct in statement. His  latest appears in the Victoria Times, and is in  reply to statements made in the Victoria Colonist by assemblyman-elect Kellie. .Extracts  ^-from it are given below:  the kootenay reclamation scheme.  To the Editor of The Times:    On reading  the  criticisms  on   my   company's   reclamation  works   with   which   mr. Kellie,   M. P. P., has  favored    the   readers   of    the"    Colonist,    one  cannot help asking what  point of  view these  utterances represent;   Does mr. .Kellie condemn  the scheme in the capacity of an expert in reclamation works, or does he perhaps occupy the  position of a person who would derive benefits  if the cancellation of the concession, with which  he   threatens  us,  were  carried   through ?     Mr.  Kellie tells us that the land to  be reclaimed is  situated along the Kootenay river, between the  lake and the'Columbia river.    Now it happens  that the land is nowhere near this locality, but  50 or more miles away.    Mr. Kellie then follows  up this happy introduction  by saying that "by  blasting  a  little  here   and   there   and   cutting  down some banks," I hope to reclaim the land.  Mr.  Kellie  evidently  knows   very   much  more  than either the company's consulting engineer,  or  the manager, or  the   board  of directors   in  London know, for none of these persons can .say  at present what "little blasting or cutting away  of banks" will   really   be   necessary to reclaim  the land until the effect of the work now being  '.carried'out is demonstrated  by next summer's  high -water.     As we have 6 years in which to  /.complete the reclamation, we propose, with mr.  Kellie's  permission, to do it at   the right  time  and at the right place, and not waste money by  doing, it   either at  the wrong -'place'..or at the  wrong   season.       Mr.   Kellie   pronounces    piy  scheme of an insane character; he might just as  well have included other persons-as of similarly  disordered intellect,, for instance, the 4 competent and qualified civil engineers  who have pronounced  the  scheme  an' entirely feasible one.  Also, professor-   Dawson should   be included in  the same   category,  for in  his'report on  West  Kootenay, published last year-, that gentleman  says:     "Should  the   reduction   of -the- general  level  of  the?   Kootenay lake not  exceed a- few  feet [1 feet is all we require]  (lie project is,  no  doubt, possible," by   removing at the outlet" of  the   lake1   the   obstruction   of   rough    houldery  wash  which  has  been  brought down  by a side  stream.    This work we a re now doing.  The scheme I. have-In hand deals with large  quantities of water, entailing .close observation  at different seasons of the-year, so as to arrive  at a correct estimate of the discharge from and  into the lake, with a due allowance for the difference in the swiftness of currents, evaporation,  and other- more or less complex questions which  can only be studied by one very frequently on  the spot. In the? years, that the control of this  la.nd has been vested in my company's hands, .1  have had the necessary 'opportunities to observe, and the .experts from England and elsewhere who reported on it made, of course, a  close examination of all features in connection  with the scheme. Mr. Kellie, M.P.P., the new  self-constituted    expert,   on    the    other   hand.  / never saw (as is well known in the country) the  land in question until the 21st of October, 1890,  when he stayed 2 nights and 1 day on or near it,  studying the particulars of a scheme.covering  some 60 or 70 square miles, at a time of the year  when the water is low, and no correct opinion  can possibly be formed of the condition of  things during high water, conditions upon  which of course everything hinges. I, will,let  your 'readers judge what importance should be  attached to this expert's opinion.  Mr. Kellie's  philanthropic   regrets  that English capital should be frittered away in this impracticable scheme rather than be put to much  better use in developing the mines, might, also,  be taken as an invitation to add, under his'guid-  ance of course, to the already considerable number  of  unprofitable  prospect holes   mr. Kellie  has the reputation   of   having   sunk   into  the  green sides of the long-suffering Selkirks.    But  this invitation I beg t6 decline with accelerated  thanks.    For one thing I am exceedingly grateful to mr. Kellie; it is for making the following  to us most useful admission, which he has  ap-!  parent]y made quite unwittingly, for it is contrary to the whole trend of his arguments.    The  principal   condition  in the government concession under which we are operating provides that  we shall have the right to purchase these lands  at $1 an   acre o when  they become fit  for  agricultural settlement.    Mr. Kellie says,  when referring to these-.lands, that they already are in  that condition.    His words are :    "The land at  present available-' for ������������������������������������agriculture, would furnish  profitable 'farms  for. 100. or   more  settlers," so  that really the principal condition imposed upon  us has already been attained,-and for this official admission  in  black and white by the member for the district, the company's best thanks  are   due   to   mr. Kellie.     We propose, however,  notwithstanding mr. Kellie's admission, to, proceed' with  the reclamation works.    Had we desired to  purchase the land   in   its   unreclaimed  condition, we could have done so out  and  out  years ago'at tlie same rate called for'bv our* con-  cession.  In conclusion, inr. Kellie stales that as 1. have,  failed in my contract with the government, lie  proposes to advocate the cancellation of the  nt.    The first part of this  assertion- is  agree mei  incorrect; we have not failed in carrying out  our agreement. On the contrary, we have spent  more than double the money we anticipat ed in  honestly .carrying ' out' the first part of the;  scheme, and 'are now pushing the reclamation  work as fast as circumstances will allow. As to  cancellation, no doubt the wish is father, to the'  thought with nir. Kellie, and if he proposes to  deal with English capital employed in the improvement of his district in this manner, he will  make it considerably more difficult than it already is to find British capital for undertakings  of any kind in this province. Confidence in the  laws of the country, a.nd in the good faith of its  government, are the primary conditions to attract foreign capital, and utterances such as mr.  Kellie's,-which throw a. doubt upon either,-are a  public .danger. W. A. Baii___-Grohman.  IIEer.illewaet.   Miners   sire   Too   Towelliy.  The miners at llleeillewaet take exception to  statements inade regarding their mines by John  Johnston, a mining man from Australia, who  recently visited the llleeillewaet camp. The  .miners of Illecillewaet are too touchy. Mr.  Johnston's opinion", will not add a ton of ore to  any mine in their canip, and it certainly will  not increase the value of a single ton of ore ou  any of their dumps. ..If-there'are mines at llleeillewaet, work,. and not opinions, will be required to prove the fact. No doubt, the llleeillewaet miners have gauged mr. Johnston about  right. While in "West Kootenay district he  probably did not personally visit half a dozen  claims, therefore his opinion as to the merits of  this camp or that camp should have little  weight with men .who...have money to invest in  mines, and should have little attention from men  who have mines to sell. Mr. Johnston appeared  to be in search of nevvspaper offices���������for notoriety, and not quartz claims���������for investments.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from lis will avoid tho necessity of paying-  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  I_irkup & Co.  l&_V__STOK_;  ES. ._.  GRANITEWARE AND  LAMP GOODS.  Tin, Copper,'and- Sheet-Iron--Ware Made to Order.  First-class work guarantee!.    Particular attcntionrpaid  to mail orders from   mining camps.  Main Street, Revelstoke, B: C.  (Branch store at Donald:)  DRUGS,  PATENT   MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  CIGARS    AT    WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  I'"or M I NK KA 1.   CM.AIMS  require, to In: published  nine weeks in a newspaper other than the:   liritish Columbia Oazette; their publication in Till;  MlNKK  will cost tlie applicant  i;I FTY-b'l Vli CKNTS a line.  Notice is hereby given that JivincsM. Buckley, Edward  .1. Roberts, and Willia.m II. .Jackson have filed the necessary papers and made application for a crown grant in  favor of a mineral claim known as the Arkansas, situated  in the Hot .Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to forward their  objections to me within (50 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  .Revelstoke, October 2.'5rd, 1800.  Notice is hereby given that 8. 11. Cross, G. W. Coplen,  and K. K. Alexander have filed the necessary papers and  made.application for a. crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the Evening, situated at Toad Mountain,  West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to forward their  objections' to me vvithin sixty days from date of publication. G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Nelson, November 10th, 1890.  m^MmimmiimmmmsmmiimjmiimmmmmMmmmmSmmimf '.W '������������������*.' &'T?**.TL'^'^.'S> jnt.'BSr "B .\T������ ttjV^!iT-'f'7?f^:i'r'"r,"T3l" 6  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   E.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE  6,  1890.  '"UiV���������R���������W_.EI> 'KIiV_*VI������AK_EL_.  WI__..-MOT I)OW������.  The Miner is not mneh of a prophet when  pr-edicting- the future, actions of the BobsOn government, but it came pretty near hitting the  nail on the head last week when it stated that  mr. Parnell would be retired from tlirV leadership of the Irish party, for the reason that he  ���������would no longer be considerd a fit associate for  honorable .men. This prediction is not literally  true, for mr. Parnell has again been selected leader by his associates; but;forces are at  ���������������������������work that will compel him to abdicate. Seeing  this to be his fate, mr. Parnell lias issued the  following ���������'manifesto- to the Irish people :  ���������.;-"The ih tegrrty and indep.eiidence of a section  of/the, Irish parliamentary party having been  sapped and destroyed by the wire-pullers of the  ICngiish Liberal party, it lia-s become necessary  for iue as leader of the Irish nation to take,  counsel with you, and, having given you the  knowledge which is in my possession, to ask  your judgment upon a matter which now solely  devolves upon you to decide.. The letter of mr.  Gladstone to mr. Morley was written for the  purpose of influencing the decision of the Irish  party in its choice of its leader, and in claiming  for the Liberal party and its leaders,the right  to veto that'choice". The immediate cause of  this address to you is to remind you and -your.-,  ���������parliamentary representatives that Ireland considers the independence of her party as her only  safeguardwithin the constitution and as above  and beyond all other considerations -whatsoever.-  I 'believe that the Irish people throughout the  world, will support me in this policy. Sixteen/  vears ago I conceived the idea of an Irish-pariia-  ment and a party independent of all English  parties. Ten years ago I was elected leader of  the independent Irish parliamentary party. During these 10 years the party has remained independent, and because of its independence it has  forced upon the English people the necessity of  home rule in Ireland. I believe that the party  will obtain home rule only provided that it remains independent"; Of'any, English.party.. lean  not believe 'any action of the Irish people' in  supporting roe will endanger the home rule  cause or postpone the establishment of an Irish  parliament, but even if the danger .with which  we are threatened by the liberal party today  were to be realized, I believe the Irish people  ���������throughout the world would agree with me that  .postponement'-would be preferable to a compromise of our national rights by the acceptance  of a measure which^would not realize the aspiration^ of our race."  ,' ��������� Blow Henry Deceived' Win Wife.  Detroit Free Press: There is one excellent  woman in this city who wishes she had attended  to her own affairs j and neither listened or tattled. The.wife.of a popular railroad man who-  occupied rooms and boarded in her house, went  away for a week and left him alone..   Being of  ���������a social disposition, he  invited  in   some, of his  friends���������two   or three  railroad   officials  and   a  well-known professor of music, and proceeded to  have an evening of it, in a mildly hilarious way..  About the small hours the musician entertained them with some amusing and very clever  imitations of a. pr-ima donna, lie brought forth  peals of laughter and was loudly applauded.  The next morning the lady of the house  received her ..boarder with a brow like a thundercloud. He attempted to apologize for* the noisy  demonstrations of the previous evening, but was  frowned down. It was not until his wife had  .returned and met him with an icy front that he  knew the full measure of liis offending.  "I didn't suppose���������I couldn't have believed.it,"  she said incoherently, "that you could have  been so base."  "Base, .iny dear? What .do you mean ? Why'  these remark's?"  "You���������vou���������vou," sobbed his wife, rising to  the 4-feet-5-ineh dignity of a tragedy queen,  "Oh,'"Henry, how you have deceived me! Who  wa.s the woman who came here and sung to you  and your friends when I, your wife,.was absent?  Answer me that, f-a-1-s-e m-a-n."  "I swear no woman, pot even the washlady,  came. Who has been telling you such infamous  things?"  "The washlady does not sing opera airs in a  high  soprano voice at midnight, nor play the  piano, either."  "Oh, I see, T see," exclaimed the husband suddenly, as he remembered that night. Then he  sat down and laughed until he was black in the  'face. .-."���������; "���������;���������"'" '" -.- .'.-'���������" ���������      './//'���������   ,' ���������, ,.   .',, .   '.- /  " Why���������why," he������������������ gasped; "that wasn't a woman at all. That was professor S, He was imitating some opera singer he had heard, and we  all roared.    It was too funny."  "The landlady told me������������������"  "The landlady be hanged!" said Henry,  severe!vi "I'll teach her to listen and meddle  with other people's affairs."  A hollow peace was patched up all round, but  Henry will entertain ho more male sopranos  when his wife is absent.  '���������:\ ���������ily   at   the   Bottiom-.oTi.be   Sea.  The city authorities- of Rovrgno, on the peninsula of Istria, in the Adriatic sea, have-discovered''a little ^south' of the peninsula the ruins of  a large town at the bottom of "the' sea. It has  -.been."observed for some years' that fishermen's  nets were sometimes entangled in' what appeared  to be masses of masonry, of which fragments  ������������������were' brought, up from the sea bed. A year or 2  ago a diver declared that he had seen walls  and streets below the water.  The city authorities decided to investigate..  They sent down a diver who. at the depth of 85  feet, -found himself'surrounded on the bottom of  the sea by 'ruined Avails. He says he knows they  were the work of man. He is a builder by  trade, and he recognized the layers of mortar.  Continuing his explorations, he traced the  line of the walls and was able to distinguish  ���������how the streets were laid out. ������He did not see  any doors or window ^openings, for they were  hidden by --masses of sea-weed and incrustations.  He 'traced the-./masonry for a distance of 100  feet, where he had to stop, as his diving cord  did not permit him to go farther. He had  proved beyond a doubt that he had found the  ruins of a once-inhabited town, which, through  ��������� some catastrophe, had been sunk to the bottom  of the sea. Some people think they identify  this lost town with the island mentioned by  Pliny the Elder under the name of Cissa, near  Istria. This island cannot be found now, and it  is thought the submerged town may have been  a settlement on the island that so mysteriously  disappeared. The peninsula of Istria, is a neck  of land, jutting into the Adriatic on the east,  above Croatia, and belonging to Austria.  How   Cuban 'Workmen   _al������or.  Cuban workmen are so addicted to conversation and gesture, that if left to themselves,  they would lose half their working hours in  social intercourse. To. prevent this loss, according to a long-established custom, the cigar-  workers employ a lector, or reader, who, from  his desk in the center of the workroom, entertains his employers with the latest Havana  newspapers in the morning, and the Spanish  novels and ballads in the latter part of the day.  Although payment is voluntary, and comes in  the form of a small present of money from each  operator at the end of the week, it is. seldom  evaded and makes up a very good salary for the  reader.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  P"or MINERAL   CLAIMS require to be published nine weeks in a newspaper other than the British Columbia Oazctte; their publication in Tim  '    MlNliR will cost the applicant F1FTV-l-IVE CUNTS a line.  Notice is hereby gh*cn that Duncan Gilchrist, Charles  Rossiter, and Frank Leslie Fitch have filed the necessary  papers and-made application for a crown grant in favor of  a mineral claim known as the "Union," situated in the  Hot Springs sub-division, Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to forward their  objections to me within sixty days from date of publication. G. C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Uevelstokc, October 8th, 1890.    __   Notice is hereby given that the Revelstoke Mining Com-'  pany has tiled the necessary papers and made application  for a crown grant in favor of the mineral claim known as  the United, situated in. the Hot Springs cramp, Kootenay  lake.  - Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to me within 00 davs from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  _ Kovclstokc, October 23rd, 1890.   _ _    _        . ,   Notice is hereby given that S. H. Cross, G. W. Coplen,  and E. E. Alexander -have- tiled the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim, known as the Morning/situated on .Toad mountain.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to file their objections with me within 00 days from date of publication.  G. C TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Nelson, November 10th, 1890.  _"ELS0_T and SPEOAT.  Will  contract to deliver fresh meat at any mine in the.  district.   Orders from lake points promptly filled.  P__        ' ____."'  AG  T R A  running between Nelsori and Sproat, and between Nelson  ,and adjacent mines.   Will  contract to deliver  mining machinery on any minein  tlie district.  All Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  promptly forwarded to destination.  GORRALAND STABLING  at both Nelson and Sproat, where saddle animals can be  ��������� '",..     hired and job wagons engaged. *-,  NELS0_T OFFICE AED MAEKET:  NO. ii EAST BAKER STREET  OUE NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Tnrough Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  into  o:__:^:_t<3Ke:s_  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure QU.iciv despatch and lowest freight rates  Koofenay Lake Shippers will be consulting   their   own   interests  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  STEASV3ER   "LYTTON"  leaves Sproat's���������'Landing for REyELSTOKE every Tuesday arid Friday, making connection with trains for  VAtfOOUVEE,  NEW WESTMINSTER p_  ^|tobo_tto,  YI0T0EIA,  S]ST.   ^^-^.XTJli,  Ighio^_go^  _ \'rt  AN D  ALL POINTS  EAST  For rates, ' maps,   time-tables,  etc.,   etc.,  apply  to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D.E.BROWN,  Gen'1 Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen?1 Fr't &yPas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B. C.  jasvies Mcdonald ; &-co.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furnit'ire. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from $0.50 to $500. Hotels furnished throughout. OtTice and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  MA8N STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  js^^simmmamsmmmmmmmiimimmmmmmmmmmmtmss  _uuj__i_4y_iVM__n THE  MINES:    NELSON,  B.   0.,  SATURDAY,  DECEMBEE 6,  1890.  u  BUM..  IK?  a-1,  Oor: Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B.C.  H.   B*.   T.   MADDEN  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with a frontage  towards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  t :__: is    a? ^_. _3 zl :__  is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE BAR IS STOCKED WITH THE BEST  "    ��������� ��������� ' _ ' ' r, ���������    brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars!  OTOfAT^HOT "  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  NELSON,; R. C.  SODERBERG   __ JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE  ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE   TABLE  is  acknowledged   the best  in the mountains.  THE ;B_vB'  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  "The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District."  LAKEVIEW  HOUSE  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  NELSON, K.-G.  JOHNSON   &   8V8AHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  The reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  CREAM    OF    THE   WORLI>*S    NEWS.  Colonel James Baker, assemblyman for East Kootenay,  is in Ottawa endeavoring to secure aid from the Dominion  government'tor the Crow's Nest & Kootenay railway, a  road that will begin at Nelson and end at the summit of  the Rockies, where it will connect with a branch from the  main line of the~Canadian Pacific. ;  At Silver Bow basin, Alaska, which is a hollow among  mountains, containing an immense area of gravel deposit  mixed with the wash from decomposed ledges above, the  Newell company have constructed a tunnel 2(500 feet in  length, and have still 200 feet to go to tap the basin. This  tunnel will in reality be an enormous sluice-box below the  surface of the basin and somewhere near bed-rock. A  shaft will be sunk to connect with the tunnel; and. then  with the water brought from the hills the work of running  all that gravel and dirt through the gigantic sluice-box  will begin. It is one of the " biggest things " in mining at  present being prosecuted on the Pacific coast. There is,  according to the moderate estimate of competent men,  millions in that hole, and all of it can be taken out.  ,  Mrs. Birchall and her sister, mrs. Wcst-Jone's, sailed for  England on the 2Gth.< .  Moses S. Marks, the young bank clerk, who recently got  away so easily with &25,000 belonging to the Flour City  bank, Rochester, New York, has been arrested, and all but  $30 of the money recovered.  Secrctary-of-the-treasury Windoiu has not rendered a decision in the matter of the petition to withdraw United  States customs-inspectors from Canada, and it is thought  that he will not make such decision, but leave the matter  as it is now, that is, allow Canadian goods to be shipped in  /bond through the United States. It is a question of considerable importance to the people of Kootenay lake, as a  large percentage of their freight is shippedin bond.  Jake Gaudaur, the noted oarsman, who has been living  in St. Louis, Missouri, for some years past, lias returned to  Orilla, Ontario, his old home, where he has purchased a  hotel.    He says he does not intend to give up rowing.  John L. Sullivan, Duncan B. Harrison, and other members of their company were at Taunton, Massachusetts, recently. Sullivan became hilarious, and in the course of  his antics kicked Harrison in the back, injuring him so  badly that he was unable to appear at the evening performance. Harrison went to, Boston for medical treatment.   It is feared that his spine is injured.  Alderman Andrews and wife of Winnipeg were drowned  wrhile skating on the Assiniboine river at that place on  the 22nd.  It is reported at the London clubs that mrs. O'Shea has  told a friend that she will be mrs. Parnell before July next.  Parnell, it is expected, will marry her as soon as the law  permits. This is the general custom when there is but one  co-respondent in the suit for divorce and he is free to  marry, as Parnell is believed to be. Such a union Would  help Parnell financially and could now do him no harm  socially, for his personal means are limited'and have been  dwindling for years, owing to his liberal treatment of all  employed by him and his expenditures in the interest of  the Irish cause. Mrs. O'Shea will receive a handsome  share of the estate of her aunt, the late lady Wood, however the pending contest as to the will may result, and this  with what remains of Parnell's patrimony would support  them in comfort. 0      <  The Australian strikers have returned to the English  unions the money advanced by the latter to help their  Australian brethren in their recent conflict with employers. It was understood at the time the money was sent  that it was a loan, but many people doubted the ability of  Australians to make good their promise to return it.  August Belmont, the New York banker and representative of the house of Rothschild, died in New York week  before last.    Mr. Belmont was also a prominent member of  the Democratic party, being chairman of the national committee for several years.  The supreme court of Montana have handed down the  decision in the famous Davis will case, affirming the ruling  of the lower court and leaves John A. Davis administrator  of the estate ; as no constitutional points are involved, the  case cannot be appealed. rJ he Davis estate is valued at  $14,000,000, and is being fought for by the Butte and Helena  heirs respectively. Ihe above decision is in favor of the  Butte heirs.  The marquis of Huntley: was elected  rector of the univ  ersity of Aberdeen, as the candidate of the Conservatives,  . receiving 430 votes, against 352 cast for professor Bryce,  his Liberal opponent.  It is stated on good authority that the Union Stock  Yards & Transit Company of Chicago has declared war  on Armour, Swift, Morris, and Libby, the "big 4" packers  who recently purchased a large tract of land in Indiana for  the purpose of erecting stock yards in competition with  the Union stock yards of Chicago. The latter corporation  proposes to compete with the " big 4," and is backed by  the Vanderbilts of New York a.nd the Thayers of Boston.  Already plans have been prepared for the erection of the  largest dressed beef establishment in the world. The new-  plant will be located on a 100-acre section of land northwest of the present stock yards. The estimated cost of the  improvement is in excess of 10 millions.  The.marquis of Lome not only insists on going into politics, hugely to the disgust of his royal brother-in-law, the  prince of Wales, and other members of tlie royal family,  but he is doing it in a way that adds to the bitterness of  the blow to his elevated kinsfolk, tie has developed a genuine anti-Irish mania, and whatever influence he may possess will certainly go to bring the reigning house into dislike with their Hibernian subjects. In a speech at Glasgow tlie marquis went so far as to assert that there was a  section of the Irish who would gladly elect O'Donovan  Rossa to parliament from Tipperary. The Liberals arc  severely denouncing the marquis for his gratuitous appearance as a political agitator in contravention of the established custom with men of his rank.  General Booth is likely to have "a chance to try his plan  for the redemption of darkest England. Money is pouring  in liberally, and a board of trustees is being constituted to  have charge of the funds. The heart of English philanthropy has been touched as never before in many years,  and none the less easily because the inefficiency of the existing methods for the relief and suppression of pauperism  is appallingly apparent.    Most of the English, except tlie  agricultural laborers, prefer death by starvation to the  work-house, and outdoor relief as now administeredineans  starvation. Even the,papers which were inclined to ridicule Booth now look at his proposition seriously, for they  comprehend that an attempt will tie made to,carry it out.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. O.  ONLY TWO-STOKY HOTEL IN _TELS0_T.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor dot.  ladies, and the rooms arc large and furnished y  newly throughout. ^y  ���������    ��������� -     " ��������� .- ' ' ...'��������������������������� .'   . ���������    o  THE  TABLE IS   NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  JAS-  DAWSON  PROPRIETORS  is the best hotel in BALFOUR, the new town at the outlet of Kootenay lake, 8 miles from Ainsworth and  20 from Nelson.  G-ood Beds.   Meals at all Hours.  THOMAS & SANDERS..  ..PROPRIETORS  I have discontinued selling lots in Balfour for the winter  months. This will give an opportunity for holders to improve the shining hours of winter by selling to their friends  outside. CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, ���������.���������_., November 25th, 1890.  ADMINISTRATOR'S   NOTICE.  In the matter of John T. Pettus, deceased, and in the matter of the "Official Administrator's Act."  ^ Notice is hereby given, that on tho" 2-1 th day of November  instant an order was made.in the above matter appointing  the undersigned as administrator of the goods, chattels,  and effects of John T.��������� .1 'ettus, deceased.  FRED. J. FULTON,  Official administrator for the county court,  Kamloops, 25th November, 1800. District of Yale.  NOTICE.  During my absence for the next few months W. Gesner  Allan will act as my agent.  C. S. h\ HAMBER. for Hamber & Tlivnne.  Nelson, B. C, December 4th, 1800.  NOTICE.  During my absence from Kootenay, T. Vincent Thurbnrn  of Baker street holds my power-of-afforney, and Mr. Saunders of Balfour to act as my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms of the land act.  CHARLUS WESTLY RUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, 1800.  m  TIMBER   LEASE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after date I intend  .,,aking application to chief commissioner of lands and  works for permission to lease for timbering purposes, for a  term of ten years, the undermentioned tract of land near  Nelson, West Kootenay district, situated as follows: Commencing at the southeast corner post of my present limit,  thence running south 100 chains, thence west 100 chains,  thence north 100^chains, thence east 100 chains, to point of  commencement; containing 1000 acres 'more or less.  M. S. DAVYS, for Nelson Sawmill Company.  Nelson, B. C. November 4th, 1890.     ,  >N  il_JI������������������_l___m���������_H!M____Mm_������^ 8  THE  MDrEB;    ffELSOtf,   B.  Q���������   SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE 6,  1890.  EEVELSTOKE  Railroad Avenue,  -SPEOAT^  "V7"i3:OI_EIS^_XjIG   ^.OSj-33   JElJ&rF^XT^  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  SMALL -"NII���������i���������ETS"..'OF.   NEWS.  The keel of the new boat now building for the Mara line  at the li-mile point below Nelson has been laid, and on  Monday 12 libs were in position.   The boat will be 130 feet  ���������'., long.,/ , .' .  .  On last Sunday a teamster named ..Peele, wrhile engaged  in freighting between Kootenay station and Bonner's  Ferry, broke his leg in climbing on his wagon. Peele is  possessed of a good deal of nerve, as after the accident; he  had to get down from his scat and hooka trace that became  unhooked. At the half-way house he luckily met that  good Samaritan dr. Hendryx, who set the broken limb.  This week Joe Wilson brought in 32 head of beef steers  from Sproat. These with the 120 he recently purchased  from Eckert brothers at the boundary line will supply,the ,  camps on Kootenay lake-with fresh beef during the winter.  Mr. Wilson has chartered the Idaho, and will keep her running on the outlet and lake as long as the ice will permit, in  this way he will be able to supply his customers at Ainsworth, Balfour, and the saw-mills. ,  The Gladstone house at Trail creek is ready for a share of  the business of that coming mining district, and its owner  believes the best way to let people know the fact is by advertising in The Miner. His "ad" can be seen on this  page.  Construction work will be commenced early in the spring  on that part of the Great Northern ������������������railway near Bonner's  Ferry. Supplies will be hauled out this winter while the  sleighing is good.  The high wind on Tuesday night came near being disastrous to'the shipping in Nelson harbor. The���������' steamer  Galena dragged .anchor and drifted on the rocks oh the  north side of the river, .and in getting off the,next morning  broke a propeller blade. <The Midge, with a barge in tow,  ran into the landing gangway, breaking it in 3 sections, a  section with the wharf-float attached being driven on a  sand-bar by the force of the wind. The Galena sought  shelter behind "Bogustown" point, and remained there until Thursday morning, when she proceeded on her way to  Ainsworth.  Logging camps will be established at Crawford's bay by  McLean, Flager & McKay, who have the contract for taking out 3,500,000 feet of logs for the Davies-Sayward sawmill. The price paid is said to be $5.75 a thousand, the mill  company paying the stumpage. Most of the hay required  for the teams is already on the ground, and the grain is  expected in from Bonner's Ferry tlie coming week. All  other supplies will be purchased at Nelson.  Thefirst flurry of snow of the season fell at Nelson the  morning of the Oth, but disappeared before night.  A number of lots were sold in Nelson this week to parties  who expect to build in the spring, and a number of trades  are pending. Plans are also made for the erection of  several new business and residence buildings, there not  being a vacant habitable house in the town.  A local capitalist has made the preliminary arrangements for putting in an electric light plant at Nelson in  the spring.   The Edison system will he used.  Joe Wilson's train, now that it is through packing Skyline ore, will be sent out to Kettle river to winter. Ed  Wilson's animals are being wintered at Davies's ranehe on  Kootenay river, and J. T. Retallack's at Fletcher's ranche  above Ainsworth.  Personals:   W. A. Biiillie-Grohman writes from Tacoma  that he will winter in England.    Dr. Campbell of the Revelstoke smelter came in on Tuesday by the Galena.    He  says that the smelter company has made arrangements  with the owners for the entire output of tlie Monarch mine  at Field���������some 200 tons a month.  The ore carries but little  silver, but runs high in lead.   On leaving Hot Springs district, dr. Campbell will go to Denver, Colorado, where his  family   reside.      "Sam  Green" and  "Jack" Gibson,  2 of  Sproat's most prominent citizens and businessmen, put in  2 days at Nelson this week, merely to live among sober  people a few hours, their town being overrun  with  men  who forget they are men, not brutes.    R. E. Lemon is a  very sick man, having had a, severe attack of rheumatism.  His life was despaired of last night, but he is resting somewhat easier   tonight.    Winslow Hall  of the Half mines  leaves tomorrow for his ranch, near Colville, where he will  spend the winter.   J. C. Cobaugh, assay er at   the Silver  King, is the best posted man in the camp on the protective  tariff" question; "Bill" Reade is the next best-   Mr. and  mrs. Blake Wilson are now residents of Nelson.   Slowly  but surely the population of Nelson is increasing.   F."H.  Latimer, the surveyor who platted the Hoover "farm" into  town lots, will leave for Vancouver on the next boat, going  out by way of Kootenay station.   C. S. F. Hamber, the real  estate man, will go. out at the same time by the same route.  G. B. Wright, the Kootenay lake member of the mining  commission, left for Victoria this week. He does not believe they will be able to draft an acceptable mining act in  less than 6 weeks'time.  A young man employed on the Columbia & Kootenay  work train lost a $300 roll this week. He went into a.boxcar, in which he bunked, to change his clothing. After  making the change, he forgot to take the money from a  cast-oft;garment. When.he did recollect what-he"had forgotten, the money was gone. A search was made of parties  suspected of taking it, but the money was not recovered.  A Chinese is believed to be the thief.  A Nelson man who has been playing sick all summer has  so far recovered as to be able to make from $20 to $25 a day  hauling,wood. If the wood holds out, he has the biggest  thing in the lake country, excepting always the "Texas  Steer mine.  ������-'".���������'��������� ,  J. L. Retallack of Ainsworth reports his town improving.  An addition is being built to the Vancouver house, almost  doubling the size of that hotel. John Thompson has sold  his interest in the Pioneer saloon to a man named McKay.  "Joe" Fletcher's new business house is completed, but will  not be occupied until spring. Mr. Retallack came by wTay  of the trail to Balfour, and reports it a pretty hard road "to  travel, especially getting down to and up from Coffee  creek. ������- .   , ���������  Found���������A watch; moveinent unknown; metal in case of  a doubtful composition; key winder. Owner can have  same by calling at this office, describing property, and taking it away. No charge for this advertisement, as the man  who would claim ownership would surely be too poor to  pay even a.cent a line for this .notice.  About 70 acres of the new townsite above Sproat has  been cleared. The site is described as a good one, and, of  course, is owned by the Canadian Pacific railway.  Balfour's pioneer hotelkeeper has taken in a partner.  The firm nameis Thomas & Sanders.  If navigation on the Kootenay remains open for another  week, not a'poiind of lake freight will be left over at either  Kootenay station or Bonner's Ferry. When it does close  all the Hendryx boats will be laid up at the latter place,  and not at the Blue Bell mine.  TRAIL CREEK, B. C.  W.  R.  JMMJLTON. PROPRIETOR  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Creek  mining district, its proprietorbeing a caterer of experience.  The table will always be supplied with the best of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with choice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure rye  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  Your Money by Buying Real Estate!  There is no better time than the present for putting a few  dollars in lots in Nelson, a town that has a future. Nelson,  property is as sure to advance in price in the spring as the  Hall mines are sure to be the greatest mines in West Kootenay. The following lots, all well situated, within half a  block and a block and a half of Baker street, are offered at  the prices quoted for the next 30 days:  Lot 12, block 5, $200; cash payment $72.  Lot 21, block 0, $225; cash payment $65.  Lots 11, 12, and 13, block 7, $125; cash payment $44.  Lot U, block 14, $160; cash payment $55.  Lot 14, block 15, $140; cash payment $50.  Lot 14. .block 10, $125: cash payment $44.  Lot 23, block 16, $180; cash payment $60.  Lot 11, block 17, $125; cash payment $44.  Lot 23, block 17, $125; cash payment $44.  The above lots were purchased at the last government  auction sale, and are subject to the conditions of that sale.  The deferred payment on each will be due on October 15th,  1801. These lots were the pick of those sold at the sale.  For further particulars call on or address HOUSTON, INK  & ALLAN, Nelson, B. C.  (Late .1. E. Walsh)  Has now on Band Medicines,  FisMng Tackle, Stationery,  Clothing, Hats, and Sundries.  15 EjisC Baiter Street, Nelson.  Por Sale at THUEBUEFS a dbuMe-barrel 12-bore  rOWLItfC-PIECE-Damascus twist.  DEALERS  GENTS5  FURNSSHINGS,  BOOTS AND SHOES,  Fancy and toilet goods, patent medicines, fruits, tobaccos,  cigars, stationery, etc.  Postoffice Store, Nelson, B. ft  HOOYER & GEADEOCK  Nelson,' R. ���������.  Dealers in all kinds of Farm Produce  Consignments of Fresh Fruit will be Received Weekly  from Spokane Falls.  GOOD GORRAL AND STABLJNG.  All accounts due and all  bills against the late firm of  Cook & Hoover will be settled by the above firm.  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCING.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   Ko. 13 East Baker Street, _TELS0_T, B, 0.  KSS&  KM  IRl-J  ft -u <���������������'_������!  cip"v7.i. lias  w_  ��������� - _'


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