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The Miner 1890-12-27

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 ���������;!',.!WH.W.''v.t:"  .*>-:;������ fcVWt������; ���������-* ���������fiiC ������* *.  - (J!���������jm m������wl mew ru ^wnnan  .-.-ft-  jf   J-  ���������:���������./���������/  / r.  f  ��������� V: .:������������������.-���������  ,y~'  ���������j*  ���������essa**  .,.,.,._....,..,,,:,..,._.-,-:-  V  r  Only ���������.Paper''  Printed  lit the  Kootenay Lake Mm������  ing Districts.  For l.ate.s  of Su Inscription' and  Advertising:  See  Fourth  Page.;  ���������ITUMBEB 28.  rTELSON,  BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,   DECEMBEE   27,  1890.  $4 A YEAR,  MINE    OEVELOPMB.NT   IN-  'THE    LAKE    COUNTRY.  A SUMMARY  OF THE   PROGRESS   -MADE  THE   YEAR  DURING  Taken on the whole, the year 1890 has been a  prosperous1" one for the people of the Kootenay  Lake country. Although no rich strikes were  made in new mines,- and no large fortunes inade  in trade, yet no mine was dug out or failure reported in business. There w as no boo in- in in in e  selling or craze in real estate transactions, still  considerable progress was made in both inine  development and town building. The season  opened in April, but it was fully 3 months later  before much headway was made in the mining  business, owing to the 'difficulty of handling  water in shafts down more Hi an 50 feet.  In Hot Springs district, aside from the force  ���������working on the Skyline and prospecting, for  new locations, everything seemed at a standstill until the advent of dr. Campbell and mr.  Boyle in the camp in July.     These gentlemen  purchased^ the No. 1 and United, and 2 other  locations for $23,500 in cash, and development-,  work was at once commenced on the No;' 1 and  the United. These sales seemed to put; both life  and confidence in other claim-owners in the district, and several locations changed ownership  soon afterwards; and from that time until the  season closed, in October, there was considerable .-activity in a mining way in Hot Springs  camp.  On the eastside of the lake, an air compressor  and drill were placed on the Blue Bell in the fall  of 1890, and enough work done last winter and  this summer to-prove that property a mine.  In Toad Mountain district, everything depended on what is locally known as the " Hall  mine." Too many claim-owners decided to  await the" outcome'of-the Hall mine litigation  before beginning work, Only to find it too late  to begin work when the litigation came to an  end. The Hall mine is no doubt a great prop-.'  erty, but continuous work is needed to prove  the" value of adjoining properties.  On Eagle creek, considerable real mining was  done. A 10-stamp mill, operated by water  power, was started up "in June, and it crushed  between 1000 and 1200 tons of ore before closing  down, on account of scarcity of water, in September. The ore milled was from the Poornian  mine, which is prospected to a depth of 125 feet.  Next year the ground will be opened to a depth  of 300 feet and the mill run on the ore that is  now in sight in the upper workings.  On Rover creek, considerable work was done  on the Whitewater, a claim that promises well.  During the year a large number of new locations were made, in both Hot Springs and Toad  Mountain districts; but apart from the Wild  Cat in the latter and the Fourth in the former,  their value remains to be proved, as little-more,  than the necessarv assessment work was done  on any of them.  While it is not admitted, it cannot be gainsaid  that too many claim-owners in both districts.,  are afraid to "sink on their'prospects for fear  that the work may prove their worth ; yet, notwithstanding this distrust, when a purchaser  appears they uniformly ask for their claims  prices out of all proportion to their apparent  value. The machinery brought in during the year,  if operated continuously this winter, will go far,  it is hoped, to prove this distrust, without, foundation.  Two new camps sprang up during the year : 1  at Goat river,'another at Trail creek. The Goat  Rive.i' district lies near the international boundary line, on the east side of Kootenay river. A  depth of 90 feet was attained on one claim, the  ledge tapped improving with depth. The Trail  Creek district is situated on the west side of the  Columbia., not far distant from the international  boundary line. There was quite a stampede to  it in July, and a large number of locations were  made in that and the following months.    Suffi  cient'capital Has been secured to open up several  claims this winter, and by spring something  will be known of the district's-worth.  THE  OUTPUT  OP  THE  MINES.  The output of the mines of the lake districts  was considerably more than during the year  1889, and would have been increased one-half  had the railroad from Nelson to Sproat been  completed in time to allow the shipment Of ore  to the smelter at Revelstoke.    Because of the  un'willinffiiess-  of  managers  to  give  the   de  sired information, it is difficult to determine the  actual output. From Hot Springs district the  only shipment of account made was one of  about 90 tons from the Skyline. The ore was  said to be worth $300 to the ton in silver. If so,  the shipment was worth $27,000. From Toad  Mountain district 103 tons were shipped by the  Silver King people. The ore is known to have  sampled considerably over $400 in'] silver and.  copper to the ton. The shipment,lean safely be  ���������placed at $45,000. If the Poornian company  milled 1100 tons of ore, it is safe to say the return was not less than $44,000 in free gold, not-  counting the value of the concentrates remaining unsold. These figures are below, rather  than above, the actual value of the ore shipped  and milled, and make a total of $116,000. It is  difficult to determine the value of the ore on the  dumps and in sight. On the dumps of the  United, Skyline, and No. 1, in Hot Springs district, are fully 5000 tons of ore that will yield  over $60 a ton in lead and silver. On a hund-  , red other claims aire' dumps ranging from a ton  to a hundred tons in size. On no mine has  there^been- sufficient-work" done to expose or  block out ore, therefore the ambunfc in sight is  problematical. At the Blue Bell several thousand tons are on the dump,, and thousands of  tons exposed by drifts and crosscuts. Except  the ore shipped from the Silver King, all the ore  taken out in development work remains on the  clumps of the claims in Toad Mountain district-  Aside from the ore in sight at the Silver King  and the Poorman, the conditions prevailing at  Hot Springs prevail at Toad Mountain.  SALES   OF MINING PROPERTY.  During the year a number of men claiming to  be representatives of capital visited the lake  country. They were pleased with .what they  saw; but, for some reason, they made no purchases. This was, no doubt, owing to the high  prices placed on prospects by owners���������prices out  of all proportion to the apparent value of the  prospects. In Toad Mountain district the only  sales -worthy of note were the,White-Buchanan  claim for a figure said,.to be $35,000, and a half  interest, in the Wild Cat for $750. In Hot  Springs a number of sales were made, several of  them on the outside, of which authentic figures'  cannot be given. The United, the No. 1, and an  interest in"2 others brought $23,500, the Tenderfoot, $1000; the Fourth,'$9000 ; and a half-interest ��������� in the Little Donald and an extension,  $10,000. The outside sales reported were the  Squires claims to -"Chicago parties for $18,000  and an interest in Anderson's claims for $1500.  A report is in circulation that tlie Hendry x  company has purchased outright the Ainsworth  interests in the Blue Bell camp, paying therefor $100,000.  MACHINERY   ON  THE   GROUND.  An engine*, air compressor, and drill are in  place on the Blue Bell. Hoist ing works, with a  250-foot capacity, are on the United, Krao, and  Skyline. A 10-stamp mill is on the Poor man,-  and a, Huntington mill on  the Golden King.  SHAFTS, TUNNELS, AND   DRIFTS.  During the year about 4000 feet of shafts were  sunk and tunnels, and drifts, and upraises run  as actual development work on the Blue Bell,  Skyline, United, Little Donald, No. 1, Fourth,  Charleston, Arkansas, Dictator, Silver King,  Grizzly Bear, Evening, Toughnut, Dandy, Poor-  man, Royal ���������Canadian; Wild Gat and Iroquois,  at ah.approximate,' cost of $60,000. Besides this  amount fully $30,000 more' were expended (in  labor".'and'"money) in doing assessment work on  claims. It will* thus be seen that the value of  ' the output of the 2 districts was. greater than  the amount, expended for work and supplies.  What other undeveloped mining country in  America can make as good a showing?  ROADS  AND 'TRANSPORTATION FACIUITIES.  Outside   the  expenditure   by  the   provincial  government of $9000 in building6'miles of wagon  road  at Ainsworth and Nelson, transportation  facilities were no better in 1S90  than in   1889.  The .Wagon  road at^ Ainsworth was utilized in  hauling  the   machinery  to  3   mines  on which  machinery was placed, and it lessened the trans-  portation charges on the ore shipped from the  Sky 1 ine. The road at Nelson was of no practical benefit, and will not be until completed  to the group of mines of which Hall's Silver  King is" the best known. Early in the season  the wagon road between -Bonner's .Fei;i.y and  Kootenay station was almost impassable, rendering it difficult to bring in needed supplies ;  but later on all freight was. handled pt-ftmptly  by the Galena, and the Idaho and Surprise with  barges, the freight rate prevailing during the  season being $1.25 to $1.50 a hundred pounds  from Kootenay station to Nelson'and Ainsworth. Construction work progressed soslo wly  on the "--railway, between Nelson and Sproat that  the completed portion was of little benefit to  the lake conntry, as ore can not be shipped to  advantage to the smelter at Revelstoke until it  is completed. ^  PLACER  DIGGINGS.  Late in the summer a. number of claims were  taken up on 49'and Bird creeks.    On the former  a:hydraulic company began operations, and before closing down cleaned up almost enough to  pay the expenses of opening tlie ground.  Th's output of all the claims can safely be reckoned at $2000. ]n the fall, what is said to be  rich diggings were discovered on Hall creek,  but too late to allow of work being done.  NUMBER  OF  MEN   EMPLOYED.  At no time dining the year Were more than  125 miners employed for wages in the.2districts.  Probably 200 more were engaged in prospecting  and doing assessment as claim-owners. At  present there are men on the payrolls of the  Silver King, Dan civ, "Poor man,-and Wild Cat in  Toad Mountain district, and on the Skyline,  United, No. 1, Tenderfoot, and possibly other  claims in Hot. Springs district���������about 65 in all ;  enough to make the figures 100 are employed  developing claims as owners.  THE  GROWTH   OF  THE  TOWNS.  The _rro\vth:'of the towns in the lake country  lias not, in any way, been in advance of the development of the mines. Nelson's progress was  Lcreater than that of Ainsworth, because of its  being central to tlie different camps and because  of the. railway construction in its immediate  neighborhood.- Wooden buildings to the value  of $25,000 were erected during the year; so it  will be seen that no boom existed at  Nelson. Every business -represented did  well, ii.iul.no failures occurred. While the stocks  of goods carried were not large, they were  ample for tlie necessities of the country. The  townsite is owned by the provincial government  and 230 lots have been disposed of. Fully 1000  remain unsold���������because unoffered. An addition,  lying to the south of the town and containing,  about 1100 lots, was surveyed late in the fall by  private owners, but the lots were not placed on  the market, and probably will not be until  spring. ]n the business part of Nelson lots are  held at $650 for 30-foots and $1000 for 50-foots.  In the residence, portion, the prices asked range  " Continued ��������� on Eighth I'ajjc. m  THE   MltfEE:    KELSO*,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   DEOEMBEfi  27,   1890.  Goods   and   Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect, Claiiii,  or Mine in the  Hot  Springs Mining District.  CDJL.JElJEi'^r   FUIjL   LinSTES  OP  Drugs and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth.  MOTHB-B-'S    *'*Pir>kI*V . PIE."  AIMWOETH, B. G., and EEVELSTOEE, B. 0.  , A CONTRAST OF THE PAST AND THE PRESENT.  It was" a perfectly harmless remark in itself,  and made without reflection, or forethought.  We were sipping our 'coffee'after dinner, the  other night, at our home in an up-town street of  New York city, and there was a casual inference to Thanksgiving. Something prompted  me to say : >'     >  "Howl used to look forward to Thanksgiving  when I was a bov. It/was one of the events of  the year to select and bring in from the cornfield the Thanksgiving punkiu, and what pies it  made! Somehow I 'don't get any punkin pies  nowadays such as mother used to make!"  And I took a sip of coffee and lazily puffed at  iny cigarette without a suspicion of having  turned on the consequences, as it were.  An "ominous soil of .'silence made  after a. minute, across at iny wife.  Her face was flushed, and she choked  custom vvhich did not add tothe wholesomeness  of such pies as survived the first day.   And this,  my deai-, is  the 'pumkin'pie of your boyhood,"  My silence attested the truth of'-this'assertion.  "But what," she went on, "is the pumpkin pie  of today?."  A very different a,nd a much more  successful gastronomic production.    As a friend  said tome the other day, 'I consider a. pumpkin  pie the excuse for all the good things I have in  my storeroom���������-sugar,  cream,  eggs, a  dash   of  sherry, a little lemon, mace, cinnamon, nutmeg  then   repeat  ad  libitum.'    She finished  with a  laugh.  opment and progress of the day, tear down from  its .'hallowed niche in your memory the dun and  bilious image of old-fashioned .'punkin' pie."  <srpi  1 i i  is a. solas the  as^she began to speak:  'lo  begin   with,  Johi  i,  me glance,  a little  " she said, ."dont say  punkin. "The p should' be distinctly sounded';  and; in the next place, do you know what I have  a mind to do ?'    .  I confessed that to prognosticate." her mental  gyrations was beyond me.  "Well,"  she went on... iirnorino- th  e interrup  tion.  "I have a stroim  mind  John,   that   I  in������ahc{ v, ed   dish'1" h$, bf ^(1 ^oes ������^ed  '      th!    Ji       , ���������   1Vhat"'   W(Hdd  you   say  to  offered you now?   Tin  have eithei  is that the-, co.okiu._r  _.ie actual fact  .0 ...of 15 years, ago is not to be  compared in any way with that of today. We  have advanced in that as in all the sciences."  And she shook her.fingers out. of her finger-  bowl with unnecessary vim and rubbed'them  with her napkin more vigorously than the occasion demanded.  "All this may be true," I allowed judiciously :  ���������"but spare ine, I pray, you, that idol'of my boyhood, the Thanksgiving pumpkin pie," and I  'sounded.'the-p broadly,-hoping to appease the  iconoclastic indignation I had unwittingly  aroused.  "I  cant," replied   mrs.  .John,  relentlessly,   "I  cant, really, and be honest.."  ."Recall  to -yourself   the' actual   pie of   which  you speak separated  from all  its surround ours  and answer me truthfully if. I  d  It was yellowish  '.S  lescribe if right.  Ur.own in color,'except in occasional spots,-where the blistered top had broken  under uneven heat; it was very shallow, the  filling barely twice exceeding tlie crust in thickness when it was cut, and its flavor was sIrony  of pumpkin, with various spices more- or .1  predominating.  "You were apt to find little pieces of the vegetable in your mouthful, which had escaped the  coarse-holed colander through which it had been  strained, and you were fortunate if tlie under  crust was not fsoggy,' as in 'those good old days'  it was the custom to bake 'batches1 of pies  weekly, to last through  the following 7 days, a  *7>  ess  ve_r  The modern pie," pursued my wife,  itaire, or, at most, two at a baking, an(  under crust  is  slightly ba.ked  first,   before the  filling is put in, the 'soggy' characteristic is entirely left out.   -You  will miss, too, the  lumpy  element from  the properly made pie of" today;  we strain the pumpkin, through a sieve; we also  use deep dishes, which takes away the slab appearance of  the delicacy.    Finally,   when   this  toothsome  and  altogether delicious   article  of  food is offered at dessert, grated'- cheese is 'served  with it,' and if you will once more turn a retro-  spective eye upon the past you will discover that  !the  cheese   of the  farm   larder   invariably  appeared at supper, while, the pastry dessert of the  noonday dinner was, unaccompanied  by its natural and wholesome relish.  "Oh !". ejaculated mrs. John with sudden vehemence, "cant you recall those 'dreadful country  teas, with cubes of yellow rubber cheese piled  on one plate, and long pale-green pickles on another, flanking the castor on-either side?. Was  there ever a more complete embodiment of  green and yellow melancholy than the combina-  lion?"  My mind naturally moves slowly, and before  I found a reply to this sudden parenthetical appeal, my wife had gob hack to the main road, so  to speak, of her harangue.  " No, John," she continued rather sadly, "it j  is not the pumpkin pie, pure and simple, of your !  childhood which you fondly recall; it is the j  pumpkin pie seasoned with your boyish appet- <r  ite, the pumpkin pie seasoned, with the accessories of your deai'and familiar home, the pumpkin  pie, in fact, set in the glorious halo of your  youth!"  "You say it was the event of the year to bring  in the 'Thanksgiving pumpkin.' I am sure it  was. . Yet I dont suppose it would give you any  especial pleasure to go down to Fulton market  tomorrow and half-carry, half-roll home one of.  those great yellow vegetables.  "But out in the corn-field back of your father's  .house,- the corn-field whose boundary   was  the  sparkling, dancing brook,and whose background  was the everlasting  hills 'bathed in   the lovely  .haz.e of   autumn,   out of that  corn-held  in   the  mellow October afternoon, exery breath inspiring the delicious air which had in  it such an indescribable   mixture   of   summer   languor and  crisp,-frosty vim, and every nerve tingling with  the    unconscious,    but     vivifying-   essence  of  healthy," happy   boyhood���������that   indeed   was  an   j  event. |  "II.ewe amid the citv's turmoil that grows at i  times so tiresome and monotonous; with the !  responsibilities and anxieties which exevy man ,  of family feel, and with the weight of years be- j  ginninii* ever so little to press, 1 do not wonder   i  . !.  . '.-! . Xovfil    Piece- of  Mine   _<]-i������������iieerii*{������.  On the noi-fhern 'shore of the Duddon estuary,  V; in   the  county of Cumberland,   England,   there  i   has   been   steadily   worked   during   the   last  20  j  '.years or more an  important'mine, producing a  j   large quantity of''rich red hematite iron, which  ; lias been found to, be of great value for mixing  with other ores  employed  in   the production  of  manufactured    iron   and   steel.      This   mine   is  Owned   by   the   Hodbarrow   Mining   Company,  who are proprietors-.of  the   land,   the   mineral  rights being leased ..to them  by the earl of Eons-  dale.    The ore having been excavated as close to  the sea. margin  as it   has  been possible to work  without letting down the surface of the land and  admitting the influx-of the sea, thereby drowning the  mine,  the company have   recently  obtained a fresh lease from  Lonsdale, undertaking  to construct a. barrier to keep back the sea along  that portion of the estuary in front of the mine;  in order that they .might'mine the ore from  underneath some 26 acres, of the sea-bed.   To effect  this object a.'ma-ssive and.substantial sea-barrier  has now been constructed.    This may justly be  regarded a,s unique in character, inasmuch as if  is at one and the same time.a, breakwater and a:  wa.-tei.'-tight   dam.    By means of this  work the  sea,   was   about   3   months    since    finally    and  successfully excluded from the area above inen-  ,   tidned.    The   masonry and sluices   for the   discharge of rainfall and land soakage having now  ���������been-completed, the final   and   memorial   block  was laid recently, in the.presence of many director's   and shareholders of  the   company.      This  great sea. barrier presents an   imposing appearance.   . It is just  two-thirds'of a mile in length,  and .for about one-half this length is fully 50 feet  in height from the bottom of the foundations to  the. top-of-the'���������'parapet...   At high-water of high  spring tides there is a depth of rather more than  20 feet against the seaward face of the work, but  being exposed during southwesterly gales to the  full force of the  waves sweeping  up the Irish  channel, backed by the Atlantic rollers, the sea  at.such tinies breaks with, great violence against  the new barrier, as was, of course, expected, and  has been provided for in the structure just completed.    The   engineer of  the work  is sir John  Ooode, and the contractor's are the well-known  firm of Lucas & A'ird.    There is every reason to  believe   that  the   anticipation   of  the  directors  and shareholders of'being able  to  continue the  working of the iron ore over a. further period of  25  years  may be   realized, thus giving employment during that time to about 1500 men.  S.ae  fifl.-iri   no  ftc-ctf   of  a  A Lundy,  Nevada, dude   got  i eis band.  snubbed  dc  'AVI J  '������������������i  that   the  happenings ot those care-free days  stand out in bold relief; but in justice, my dear,  to the science of gastronomy and to  the devel-  there the other day. He was veneered with a  $40 suit of ready-mades and considered himself  invincible. He popped and she' exploded,' like  this: "1 have some money of my own. I have  a parrot that-can-swear like a, pirate, a monkey  that chews tobacco, and a billygoat that wiil  drink whisky and get tumbling drunk. So you  can readily perceive that I have no need of a  husband."  *���������_-_*������������������ -���������*-.���������������������������_������_. h>fU.->*   nrv -f/-  ;* * -��������������� ������i!������" -v.S'Si ��������� 1'aw.^-Th  ������ -A- ������i���������-������:��������� .Vhi* -#*'���������; p tr.'\%__j;^v������������ ���������/.,!-.fip������A.  \t-_v **d9B333_4__ltf'-- ^HiimJL W-'i'tf'"_fli* -t;1.  ���������-*_. _r_.*-*wf ������'..f.*,ii'    ���������/ ;irvww r_tr^>v*u-ar*- "t'^-'A^? x j^v?* "_V*B_^_Siw3i5S^ *_������������_? THE  MINEE:    KELSON,   B.C.,   SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE  27,   1890.  Will  contract to deliver fresh meat at any mine in the  .district.    Orders from lake points promptly filled.  P AC  running between Nelson and Sproat, and between Nelson  and adjacent mines.   Will  contract to deliver  mining machinery on any mine in  ..'���������������������������' the district.  All Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  promptly forwarded to destination;  at both Nelson and Sproat, where saddle, animals can be  hired and job wagons engaged.'  NELSON OFFICE AND MARKET:  MO. H EAST BAKER STREET  Canadian Pacific Eailway  nrn?   at a hpthw a t   TTTrj. crTrr a v *'���������'  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Througli Passenger  Service from Ocean to Ocean.  UNTO   CHA"ISrG-ES.  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay Bjal-e Shippers will be con-  >���������    suiting   their  own   interests  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam NaA-'igation Company's  ..  STEAMER   "LYTTOES."  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every Tue?  day and Friday, making connection with trains for  VANOOUVEE,  NEW WESTMIrTSTEE,  VIOTOEIA,  im: o irsr t ir, :e _a_x.  TORONTO,  SIST.  < ICHICAOO'  AND  ALL POINTS  EAST.  For rates,  maps,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,  apply  to  agent of tlie company. c, .      * -  an v  ROBERT KERR,  D.  E.  BROW  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger-Ag't, Ass'tGenTFr't& Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, 13. G.  james Mcdonald & co.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from ������(5.o0 to $500' Hotels furnished throughout.. Office and barroom chairs. Spri nin; mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  MAIN STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  'MIXING  -'NEWSFI_OM   .HOT  'SB������B_IX������.S   CAMP.  Several locations have recently been made on  what is supposed to be the Little Donald ledge.  Th ere is a good, show in g of m in eral on all the  claims, the ore being of the'same character as  that found on the Little Donald. The locations  are owned by W R. Luther, Louis Riser,  Thomas Shearer, and Ernest Harrof, and are  named /King Solomon, Vanderbilt, Minneapolis, and Creek View, and are situated between  the Little Donald and Coffee creek. T. C.  Wells and John H. Burns have located a, claim  alongside the Tressa, on Woodbury creek, naming it the, Amazon. , On the .east side of the  lake, William Mousle and T. G. Wells state that  they have a large body of mineral in the Arcade, a- new location thought to lie On the same  vein as the great Blue Bell. W. A. Hendryx  and G. Harmon have recorded the J?ioi_eer, a  location adjoining the Blue. Bell: on the east.  How an Army  I'ayi-.aster vras  KohlM^d  in Arizonx  The -rocky walls of the canyon resounded with  the crash of a score  of  firearms.    The driver,  with a convulsive gasp, toppled foinvard out of  his seat, his hand still' clinching the reins.    One  of the troopers clapped his hand to his forehead,  his reins falling useless upon his horse's heck,  and reeled in the saddle as his charger whirled  about  and rushed, snorting with fright, down  the narrow road.    At the instant of the firing  the  sound  of  a, dozen  "spats", told  where  the  leaden missiles had torn  through the stiff canvas cover of the ambulance; and Sherrick, with  blanched face  leaped from the riddled  vehicle  and   plunged  heavily  forward upon  his hands  and   knees.    Two of the troopers sprang from  their saddles, and, crouching behind, a boulder  across the road, opened fire up the opposite hillside.    The   sergeant and his"'comrade,  bending  low over their horses'necks, came thundering  back down the canyon, just in time to see the  mules whirl about so suddenly as to throw the  ambulance on its side.    The iron safe; was hurled  into the shallow ditch.; the wagon  bed dragged  across   the  prostrate   form   of  the  paymaster,  rolling him over and over half a dozen times,  and then,   with a  wreck  of  canvas,  splinters,  chains and traces clattering at their heels, the 4  mules went.rattling away down the gorge.  Couldn't fl>cat a' 'Pair -of I>e������ces.  An old-time mining man, who is sojourning  in Nelson this winter, at times affords the boys  considerable amusement  by his quaint   stories  and apt quotations.    While strongly in favor of  casting- his superficial gaze at the average bartender through the bottom  of a glass, lit? will  occasionally    condescend    to ��������� manipulate'   the  ivories  with  one  with   whom   he  is   well   acquainted.      The   other   night,   along   about   2  o'clock in the morning, after a somewhat heated  debate as   to  whether   the   old-time  gambling  man was not in every way a better representative .'of' the  true  sportsman  than   the present  "tin-horn," he very condescendingly challenged  the bartender to shake the dice, three throws,  to settle the dispute, the intoxicating draughts  to be "thrown in.    The challenge was  accepted  and   the   bartender   threw   a   pair   of -deuces.''  The old-time mining man then took up the dice-  cup and threw a "dutch flush."   In a despondent  and   sorrowful   tone    he   remarked,    "1    have  thought for  some time   that I  was losing  my  grip; but now, that I cant heat a pair of deuces,  I know it;"    He slowly picked  up  his lantern,  opened the door, and  went out into the darkness. lea,ving jus drink untouched.  "Why Thanksgiving Serviees  Were,  not  iieBd.  This is how a Nevada, paper apologizes for the  pastor of the town in which it is printed:  "There will be no Thanksgiving service at the  church tomorrow. The reverend E. W. Sharp  having been engaged in a game of draw-poker  for the last 18 hours, he feels he could not do  himself justice. He requests the members of  his flock to return tha.nks to the almighty for  the blessings showered upon them during the  past year at their homes. If gambling/slacks up  he will be able to occupy the pulpit on Christmas day."  Tlie  Snowfall   and  the  Temneral'i-re.  About 8 inches of snow fell at Nelson during  the week, of which about 2 remain. The thermometer ranged from the freezing point to 50  above during daylight.  DO NOT USE POOR^ MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  MOLDINGS,  arc for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON SAWMILL CO.  .Yard :   At end  of FIuiikv in Nelson.  Mill:  Two Miles .South of Nelson.  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL  ���������������   OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  ������������������        ,.. delivered   promptly   in   any       > ;  ; part of Nelson.'  CORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber, flume,' and sold   ,  at low prices. ;  ���������"    M. ,S.   _������AV"YSv'��������� '"-.'J.-.II.  TOLSON, ,  ' .MANAGERS. ..- '..'������������������' .; ".'.-'  ���������  Kootenay Lake Saw-Mill,  ;-     . IOQ.,000 feet Lumber on hand at NELSON.  50,000    "        " '..'" AINSWORTH.  100,000  ((  u  MILL.  Parties Purchasing Lots in Nelson  on i_i'b_;->_x<^ CONDITIONS  will be liberally dealt with in regard to lumber supply.  G-- O'_' IB TX O H J_^ZsT^^3sr  BUILDERS.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished-on time.  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to..  Shop: Oor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  hWse������ Hilton,  AND  Will contract for the erection of any size wood building.  Plans and estimates furnished and hills for material made.  Job carpentering attended to promptly. Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, Kast Vernon street.  will do all kinds of  CLEARING   AND   CONTRACT   WORK  in and about  9  w������_  Estimates given on work.       Address, Balfour via Nelson.  *^"Lmi'''-wm^^ #  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  DEOEMEEE 27,  1890.  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months ������1.50, six months $2.50, one year ������4.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of $3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient  Advertisements  will   be  inserted- for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion.    Twelve lines'of i) words  f, each make an inch.   All advertisements printed for  a less period than .3"months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance.    Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be Counted as 12 lines.  Birth Notices free if weight of child is g-iven ; if  weight is not  given   ������1   will  be   charged.. Marriage  announcements will be charged from SI to ������10- -according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing,in good style at fair rates.   Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  y in stock.1 , .��������� ������y ��������� ',- '     .  Lettersto the Editor'will only  appear over, the   ���������  writer's name.    Communications with such signatures  as  "Old  Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc.,  etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration:/  Address all Letters :  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  t(  From its first issue, The Miner has characterized the royalty section of the Railway Aid-  Act as   ill-advised legislation,  in that it would  have just the contrary effect to.what it was expected to have.    Others are now  beginning to  see  it  in  the same light.      W. W. Houseman  of Cariboo district���������a district greatly in need' of  a railway���������states:   "Now that the government,  " has put a royalty on quartz, it will be an utter  " impossibility to get capital into the district  "for mine investment.    If the whole business  ," had been given to a railroad company, letting  "it administer the  mining laws,  there  might  " have   been some hope.    But the idea of put-  -" ting on a royaltv is absurd.    Even in an old  " country like England, they are trying to abol-  " ish the antiquated system of royalties, and it  " is hard to find a reason for instituting it in a  " new  country like British Columbia.    It will  " be like driving1, a team  through a stone wall,  " to get capital for mine investment so long as  " railways are allowed to collect a royalty on  " the profits of .mining ventures.    It cannot be  " done,   and   the   sooner  it  is  abandoned   the  "better." /   In the above inr. Houseman expresses the opinion of 99 men out of every 100 who follow the  business of mining.    The land granted the railways embraces almost one-half of what is considered mineral land in the province.    So long  as the royalty section remains in force, no prospecting will be done, on the lands known to be  railway lands, simply because no mining mane  with  capital  to   invest   will  touch   a   mineral  claim to which a railway corporation is entitled  by law to a share of its output.     If prospectors  ���������the   real pioneers  and  openers  of a  mining  country���������will   not   prospect   for   the   precious,  metals  in   the sections of country covered  by  these grants, it is not likely that capitalists will  be in a great -hurry to build railways through  such sections.    The Robson government will be  wise  if  it   repeals   the   royalty section   by an  order-in-council. ���������  " We take it for granted," says a naval officer  of the United States,  "that it would  be easy  " enough to beat the Canadians, but we should  " quickly discover this a mistake.    Canada has  "a   military Organization of its  own   that has  " been  brought to the highest perfection.    Her  '" army may be''said to include every able-bodied  "man in the country, inasmuch as every'male  "citizen who  is able to  take  the field may be  " called out for duty at any time and at a mo-  " merit's   notice.      Within  a  day  skeletonized  u regiments,  brigades, and  divisions   would be  " rilled up to full fighting strength under com-  " inand of skilled officers and armed with the  " most approved  weapons.     Inside of a  week  " 100,000 rifles deepatched from England by fast  " steamers, would be added to the large stores  "of arms now kept in readiness for use in" Can-.  |. " ada, and regiments of Kanucks would be  " marching /with 'them on their shoulders."  That naval officer is about as well posted regard in g Can ada's a vai Jabile hgh t ing stren gth as  the British Columbia' press is on the merits of  the McKinley bill as a measure of political  economy.   At the late election for city officials at New/  West m inster, each candidate was com pelled' to  define his position oh the .burning-' question :���������'-.  Shall the Fraser River ferry be run on Sunday?  If,-outward, professions "of ' sanctity. Will save a  people,', those of New Westminster need have  no fear of the Day of Judgment.  <'  a  a  a  a  u  a  i 4  a  ii  i i  a  that of San Francisco.    It has knelt so long to  the Southern Pacific Railway Company that  it has forgotten how to stand.     Field  after  field that would have  belonged to San Francisco with  railroad competition has been surrendered to 'southern California and the free  people of Washington and Oregon.    The merchants are without courage or enterprise.   The  San Francisco Chamber of Commerce belongs  to the Southern Pacific^ and so does the State  Board of Trade.      Notuntil another railroad  comes in will San Francisco be shaken out of  her village condition."  "It, must be remembered  that Gladstone can  " not live or politically survive in an atmosphere  /'which  Parnell has  polluted, unless   he  shall  '���������-.���������-'' "-; '  " have the 'courage to endeavor to purify it. Her  " majesty the British   queen  has been a loyal  " wife and honored mother; she is the sovereign  " of a   broader  empire  than  where England's  " guns are heard and where England's bellying  " sails expand to the  breezes of the oceans and  "the seas; she is the admitted and recognized  "sovereign of that domestic life which spreads  " throughout the civilized world where the Eng-  " lish  language is  spoken  and  where  English  "laws prevail.    And whatever we may say of  "the  teachings  of   the  church  of Rome, and  " whatever interpretation any one may put upon  "its doctrines, it regards the marriage contract  " as a sacrament and the domestic law as -in viol-'  " able.    It may be conceded that (he crime of  " debauching the home and person of the wife  "of a. friend is a crime that no gentleman of the  44 two continents does not look upon as,infamous  "and  inexcusable.     Parnell,   the  Irish leader,  " has   committed   this crime^of its  deliberate  " and willful perpetration he stands confessed.  " The assassination on Dublin Green, the blow-  " ing up of Kilmainham jail, the houses of* par-  " liament, and London bridge, may be excused;  " the murder of landlords, the houghing of cal-  " tie, the repudiation of rent contracts, the boy-  " cotting of neighbors, and all the other atroci-  " ties that have characterized this Irish home  " rule .rebellion against English authority and  " the rule of the English parliament, may be ex-  " cused;   but the desecration  of 'breaking the  " home of a friend and the pollution of the do-  " mestic alter is a crime which, in this age of  " christian civilization, it is not possible to palliate or justify.     This offense is not within the  lines of possible condonation.    The people of  " England and  Ireland   cannot, and  dare hot,  " offend the christian civilization or the w-orld.  " The politicians of  England and Ireland  can-  " not, and dare not, offend the people of Eng-  " land  and  Ireland.   .Parnell   is  compelled   to  "resign his political leadership, and Gladstone  "has not the courage, if he has the desire, to  " deny his .religious convictions concerning the  " nature   and   the   political   effect  of  Pa,rn ell's  " offense.    So we mav assume that tlie coalition  " between   the  English Liberals and   the Irish  " Home Rulers has  collapsed.     It has  been  a  " shameful,   and,  as   is   now  demonstrated,   an  " abortive attempt to divide the British empire,  " and to introduce into parliament acts in viola-  " tion of all laws governing contracts and pro-  " tection of property rights  '  a  a  Here in  British   Columbia the people are in  danger of being forced to  become the serfs of  the Canadian Pacific Railway Company by unwise legislation, legislation that has but a single  aim,   that   is,   rendering   railway  competition  impossible.     No '.railway   can   be  built in   the  province without'-a charter,', and.'-the  party. in  ��������� power.sees to it that no charter is granted unless  to men who affiliate .'.with the Canadian Pacific.  The charter requirement should  be done away  with, and a." law passed that would enable men  with money to  build   railways as easily as they  now open mines or start companies to carry on  the   business of   saw-milling,   fish  canning,   or  ���������merchandising.    It is not necessary tp look to  any great distance to see the effects of the two  'different systems.-   Here in British Columbia a  charter is required before a railway can be built���������  in other words, the railway capitalist is required  to expend money to convince 33 members of the  legislative  assembly that  the railroad he proposes to build will,.be a good thing for the country���������and during the last 3 years less than 100  miles    of    railway    have    been    built    in    the  province.     Over    in    the    adjoining   state    of  Washington, where no special charters can be  granted by the legislature, and where the capitalist has no more difficulty in engaging in railway building than in building a dwelling-house,  more than 1000 miles of railway have been constructed in the last 3 years, and the people of no  .town of importance within its boundaries are at  the mercy of any one railway corporation.    If a  good  reason   can   be  advanced for placing the  people of inland British Columbia in the power  of   a   corporation   in   every  way   as   grasping  as that  of  the   Southern Pacific in California,  perhaps the organs of the Robson government  will kindly disclose it.  5?  Communities that bow down before a railway  corporation are sure to suffer serfdom in time.  " In no other American city of equal size," says a  writer in the Virginia, Nevada, Chronicle, "is  " there  so abject  a  mercantile  community as  While railways are actually building in the  state of Washington,-at no expense whatever  to the state, not even exemption from taxation,  what is being done in British Columbia?   Little  more  than   the   granting  of  charters  and  the  passing  of   "Railway Aid Acts."      Of the 75,-  000,000 acres of unalienated land in the province  32,000,000 acres  have already  been  granted to  railway companies that have not expended a dollar in actual construction work.   If a halt is not  made, there 'will soon be no land in the province  that can be granted away.    Is it not time for  a change?     Is it not time that   the  power to  grant charters be taken away from 33 men, and  the system  that appears to  work so well with  our   nearest   neighbors  adopted  instead?     No  doubt     many     people    in    British     Columbia  object to any system that would allow the enterprising Americans   to   gain  a  foot-hold   as  railway builders in the  province, yet  they do  not object to enlisting the aid of American capital in lumbering, canning, and merchandising  enterprises; and the great railway corporation  they are fostering  and generously aiding does  not hesitate  to  step  across   the  international  boundary line and build railways  without re-  i__H-������n__H  mm  mi  :v  isS- imcms^s-s^sre^  THE   MBTEK:    ������ELS0N,   B.   G.,   SATUEDAY,   DEOEMBEE\ 27,   1890.  Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is fall and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods  aM compare Prices. ;v    :  Main Street, BE VELST0KE,  9 ind 11 Easl^  Street, KELSON.  ceiving any aid whatever. The time has come  for removing all barriers that impede railway  construction. Throw the doors of the province  wide open, and extend a. cordial invitation, by  the granting of free rights-of-way and freedom  from taxation for a few years, to all capitalists  who desire to invest their money in railways or  other enterprises that will help open up and up-  ,; build the finest province in the Dominion.  ('oiirteous and Obliging .S.eaiaI>oaiii_eii.  The owners of steamboats run them for money,  and not for the fun there is in it. But. there are  owners and -'owners. -While one owner will instruct his captain to demand pay for every  service, rendered, no matter how trifling, and  oftentimes captains so instructed are only too  willing to be soulless and crossgrained, another  owner will instruct; his captain to use his discretion in all matters not governed by the standing rules laid down-for .his guidance. Occasionally a captain is found that uses such discretion  so as to make both himself arid his employer  friends.    There is   not a more  accommodating  steamboat, owner in British Columbia than dr.  Hendrvx, and in selecting George Havward for  captain.of the Galena he made a wise selection.  He hot only looked  well after the interests of  his employer, but was courteous and obliging to  the patrons of the boat,-.and was always willing  to do those little favors  that do not appear to  amount  to  much   to the recipient.    From   the  '���������first-week'in April captain Hay ward took Upon  himself the trouble of delivering all mail ma tter,  forwarded'from Kootenay station, destined for  points on the river and lake; 'also-delivering all  matter for United States points brought to the  steamer.    At times both the incoming and outgoing mail-matter required sorting.    This he attended  to personally, affixing stamps to all unstamped letters.    This work was done so'carefully that not a'single'complaint has been heard  of letters going astray.    The other employes on  the Galena were equally obliging, engineer' "Hi"  Sweet and  purser Cole ably seconding captain  Havward.    May 'dr. Hendryx and all the Galena  crew have a merry Christmas and many of them  is the wish of The Miner and that of every resident of the lake country.  Aa  Agricultural   as We. 11   as. a  #5 am in is,   i������is...E*ir.t.  Much has been said and written about the  fruit fulness of the bench-land farms of Montana, and Idaho, of tlie grassy valleys of the Olean agon country, of the deep-loamy bottoms of  the upper Columbia and the lower Kootenay,  and of the farm ing stretches around Donald and  Golden, to say nothing of the market gardens!  surrounding Ainsworth-and Rykert's customhouse; but never a word has yet been printed  about the agricultural capabilities of Nelson's red  alluvium. The Miner has printed column after  column descriptive of the mines of Toad Mountain district, backing up the descriptions with assays ranging all the way from  6  bits  to  6000  dollars,���������the latter obtained from the gold  quartz of the Jonah's knife-blade ledge and the  former from the barren but well-defined ledge-  .that crops out for 1500 feet on- the Texas Steer.  It has never printed even a 3-line paragraph descriptive of the farms that surround Nelson.. \lt  did not slight the farming industry 'loTowT-  ingly. It had an idea that town-lots 'were the  only crop raised on the farms around Nelson.  But, for once, The Miner was mistaken. On  his ranch on East Baker street, E. W. Harris  has, raised as fine rutabagas''as-were ever raised  in any country, one of them weighing- over 13  pounds; this, too, on soil in no :. way'"different  fi'orn hundreds of acres lying in the neighborhood of Nelson. All that is needed to "'make-.  this section an-agricultural district is labor expended intelligently. ,"..-.  TBie  Wecli'sSteamboat News.  \-      Captain Longiey succeeded in overturning the  Idaho's barge, after sawing off the stanchions  that supported the roof.    The dead cattle stuck  to the deck when overturned, and were clumped  off with considerable difficulty.    The .barge." was  towed to Buchanan's saw-mill,' where it will be  pumped out and  repaired.    The Idaho left Nelson   on   Wednesday, towing  Buchanan's barge  loaded   with;, supplies  for  McLean,   McKay  ���������&  Flager's logging camp on Crawford's bay.   After  delivering- these supplies,  the Idaho and barge  will proceed to the boundary.after another load  of beef cattle for "Wilson.     While loading the  cattle, if the weather looks favorable, the Idaho  will run up to Bonner's Ferry for the passengers  for Nelson who are waiting there.   She-will also  bring  back   needed  supplies.-   The Galena ran-'  down to the head of the  lake'with all the Nelson   and   Ainsworth  freight  there  was   at the  Ferrv, unloading.it and returning to her land-  ing a mile below the Ferrv,-where she will be laid  up for   the   winter.      The   Midge  and   a   barge  loaded with.'hay. from  Kootenay River ranches  arrived at  Nelson on Tuesday.    Fourteen tons  were unloaded at Pilot bay, 10 at Ainsworth, 0  at Balfour, and  15 brought through to Nelson.  The Idaho will probably be kept on the lake all  winter; but  captain  Da.vies   is   uncertain  as to  what he will do with the Midge.     Ice has not:  yet formed  on  the outlet, and but a thin skim  on the river.  I'.quall.v   as   <J-"re������it   "Possiib*" lilies   on    Kootenay   Lake.    !  Since gold was first discovered in  California   j  gulch, in lSHO, until January, 1890, the mines of  Lead vi lie,    Colorado,    have;    produced    228,001  ounces of gold, 80,230,116 ounces of silver,-and  412,730 tons of lead. The value of these products  aggregated $147,831,158.03. The silver and lead  produced was during the past 10 years. In this  time Leadvilie has produced 20 per cent of the.  total silver production of the United States and  one-quarter of the lead consumption. The government has inade a profit of over $i 2,000,000  from the coinage of its silver. In 1889 the output was $13,684,051.75. There is not now an idle  ���������mine in Leadville, although there was quite a  number of them before the passage of the.  silver bill.  HOOVES & CRABDOGK,  Nelson,   16.  ���������.  Dealers in all kinds of Farm Produce  HAY AND GRAIN.  Consignments of Fresh  Fruit will  be Received Weekly  from Spokane.Falls.  GOOD CORRAL AND STABLING.  All accounts due and all bills against the late firm of  Cook & Hoover will be settled by the above firm.  BALF  STORE.  DEALERS IN  GROCEBIES  SUPPLIES FOE PROSPECTORS AM) MINEES.  BALKOUU,  located as it is at tlie outlet of Kootenay lake, will  be easily accessible during the winter to all  the mining districts on the lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, ii. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  .Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid, the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  Application for Water Right.  1 hereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to .lake three hundred indies of water from a spring of-  water now flowing in throe brunches through my preemption near Nelson, in West Kootenay dist.rid'., at..any point'  from its source or throughout, my preemption, to be conveyed across'the land reserved by the government and my  preemption, to any portion of my said preemption or tho  town of Nelson, where water will be required for irrigat ion.  manufacturing, milling* and household purposes; for a  term of ninotv-nine years. .1. J). TOWN LIOY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1800.  Application for Water Right.  1 hereby.give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief commissioner of lands and works for authority  to take one thousand inches of water from Cottonwood  Smith cree.k, near Nelson, in West Kootenay district;  commencing at a point where the said Cottonwood Smith  creek first enters my preemption or at any point whore it  flows through or at its exit from my preemption or thereabouts, to he conveyed through the lands reserved by the  government and. my preemption to any portion of the said  town of Nelson where wafer will be required for milling,  manufacturing, and household purposes for a term or  ninety-nine years. J. D. TOWNL.EY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1890. THE  MINEE:    NELSON,  B. C,   SATUEDAY^ DECEMEEE 27,  1890.  ONE    OF,   AFRICA'S    FIRST'-  EXFJLOKEKS.  j  I- -i  The story Of the adventures and, explorations  of Mungo Park furnishes one of the most thrilling narratives which such literature has ever  provided. The name of Mungo Park is known  well enough, but there are comparatively few  people who know much of the story of his life.  Indeed the strangeness of his christain name  lias often given the impression that he belonged  to some foreign race; a.nd the little that is generally known about .-him'-favors' the supposition  that, he probably lived a very long time ago. It  is almost startling information to some people  to be informed that he was born on the banks of  the Yarrow, in lowland Scotland, not a hundred  and twenty years ago, on the 10th of September,  1771.    Foulshiels,  his   birthplace, is  some four-  and-a-half miles from Selkirk, in the romantic  district of Ettrick Dale.    Mungo Park's father  was a small  farmer; and a 3-roomed   cottage,  built substantially of whinstone and lime, sustained   the  honors of   the  farm-house  for  the  humble family.    The boy went to school in his  later childhood at Selkirk grain mar school; and  at 15 years of age was apprenticed to dr. Thomas  Anderson, a -surgeon; in Selkirk, that he might  learn the healing art'.-    Meanwhile, his...'classical  education "was continued at the grammar school,  and in the year 1789, when Park was 18 years of  age, he went to the university of Edinburgh for  the purpose of completing his medical studies.  The university course was brief in those days;  but Park was a, diligent student and gave special  attention to botany.    When he left the university, he was  introduced   by his brother-in-law,  James Dickson, a very superior gardener  and  botanist,'to sir. Joseph Banks, who was at that  time one of the chief managers of the African  Association.    In 1792, Mungo Park went to the  east a.s  surgeon iii the East India, Company's  service, and in this way obtained some preparation for his future life work.    He returned'to  England  after a year's absence at 2-1 years of  age.      The   African  Association  at that  time  wanted a, man to undertake a.perilous exploring  adventure,   in   which   a  brave traveler���������major  Houghton���������had just failed.    This matter caine  to .Park's  knowledge, and the introduction he  had previously.received from his brother-in-law  to sir Joseph. Banks,  he used  to advantage in  volunteering his services to the association; and  was at/once accepted as" the man  whom  they  wanted.    He left England on   May 22nd,  179a,  for the mouth of the river Gambia, and ascended  the river for some distance iii  the vessel which  had carried him from England.  The narrative of his going forth from the factory at Pisa.nia with so small a retinue, sug-  gested al mo'st at once the absu i*d i ty of his  schemes; but this intrepid young man resolved  that nothing save the power of God should  hinder his progress until he reached the Niger.  Nothing could be more complete, all things considered, than European ignorance of the region  which Park sought to explore. He was tired  with a, restless ambition to accomplish what no  man had done, but he-attempted to do it with  help which to no reflecting man could have  promised any chance of success. All honor,  therefore, to the splendid courage and trustfulness of the young Scotchman "who inade the  attempt, and in great measure succeeded. In  view of the superior advantages which fall to  the lot of more modern travelers, it is interesting to take note of  . MUNGO  PARK'S EQUIPMENT.  On December 2nd, 1795, he was ready for the  road.    Accustomed   as   we  are   to   read  of  the  huge  caravans, the quantities of goods, stores,  ammunition, and  instruments  required  by  exploring  expeditions   to   tlie   heart  of Africa in  these .degenerate days,  we  cannot but be   surprised at.the modest retinue a.nd scanty impedimenta, which   Park   thought necessary for his  great task.      His sole attendants were* a negro  servant named Johnson, who had  been to Jamaica as a slave, but being freed had'returned to  his native country; and Deniba, a-slave boy belonging to Dr. Laidley, who, besides Man dm go,  spoke the language of one of the inland tribes.  As beasts of burden Park had a. small but  hardy and spirited horse for himself, and 2 donkeys for his servants. As-baggage he had provisions for 2 days;  a small assortment of beads,  amber and tobacco for the  purchase  of fresh  supplies as needed ;  a few changes of linen and  other  necessary articles of ..dress;- an umbrella.,  a pocket  sextant,   a  magnetic  compass, and a.  pocket "thermometer;    For defensive,  purposes  he was provided, with 2 fowling pieces, 2 pairs of  pistols, ancT some other small  weapons.     Thus  attended, thus provided, and thus armed, Mungo  Park started for the heart of Africa���������an uncertain bourn, only to be reached through deadly  perils   and   frightful   miseries   and   hardships.  How' splendidly he 'must  have  been  equipped  vvith the real necessaries of the hero���������unflinching detenuination$ ardent enthusiasm, Homeric  resolve, and absolute self reliance.;   Thus provided '.with   moral   .weapons  and   stimulants,  he  could rise superior to every difficulty and danger, and emerge from  the unequal struggle un-  ������������������ crushed, undefeated, bearing with hhn not all,  but much of the prize for which  he had staked  life itse.lf;.. ���������"..  Besides 'Johnson and Deinba, Park had the ad-  van tage of th e co n\ pan y of a Mohana in ed.an o i i  his way to Bambarra, 2 slatees or .slave-merchants-going to Bondon, and a blacksmith returning bona e to Kasson.  THE, SLAVE  TRAFFIC.  This   bold traveler .was a religious man.    He  grew up in religious circumstances, and received  the influences which abounded in his home, and  in the church of his fathers; but though he saw  as much as any man could:of the evil, miseries,  and horrors of the slave traffic, he does not seem  to have at all seriously considered that it was a.  fearful, evil which  it  behooved all men to condemn a.nd to seek to abolish.     Accustomed as  we are in���������these days to denounce in the strongest terms this vile traffic, and to  brand as the   j  most  degraded and brutal of their race those  'who engage in it, it is difficult to realize that   |  less" than a century-ago we ourselves were the   I  chief   traffickers   in   human   flesh   and   blood.  How little this .'horrible trade touched the conscience of the individual or the country at la.rge  is sufficiently shown by Park's own narration.  He describes the poor wretches, "while waiting,  kept constantly fettered  2-and-2 together, and  employed in the labors of the field; .and, I am  sorry to add, very scantily fed as well as harshly  treated."    With simple naturalness he tells the  story of accompanying  a slave caravan   on its  way to the coast; of the  horrors of the route,  'describing the fetters and chains, the frightful  marches, with  heavy loads under a sweltering  sun, and with starving rations, the whip mercilessly applied to the weary to stimulate them to  further exertions, and the knife  placed to the  throat of the hopelessly exhausted,  at. once to  rid ..them of pain and their drivers of a burden,  "an operation which I did not wish, to see-and  therefore marched on."  LONELY BUT  ONWARD,  It is impossible within the compass of The  Miner's space to indicate, except in the slightest degree, the heroism, endurance, and fortitude,, of this remarkable man; of his wonderful  devotion to his work, an.d of the unfailing constancy  with   which he "pursued   it   until death  overtook him on the river Niger.   '\Ve make one  quotation as a testimony to his splendid courage.    He wa.s going through some of the most  fearful sufferings of his first journey.    To lessen  the inducements to plunder, Park, before starting, left as many of his personal effects behind  hirn as he could spare.   For 2 days the little party  toiled over a sandy country.    On the third day  they reached Dina., a large town  built of stone  and clay.    Tlie reception Park here met with at  tlie hands of the natives was atrocious.    Every  opprobrious epithet which their language could  supply was-hurled-at him.    Not content  with  words, they proceeded  to spit upon and otherwise heap ignominy upon the stranger, ending  by tearing open  his-bundles and helping themselves to whatever they had a-mind to.    For the  victim of these outrages there was nothing but  patience  and resignation,  with   which virtues,  indeed, he..seems to have been amply endowed.  He might be robbed of his material   resources,  but   his  spiritual   stores   remained   untouched.  With him, while there was life there was hope.  Not so with his servants.     They had no magnet  to draw them on, no higher impulse than monetary   reward.    Further  forward   they would  not go.    So be it!    Their retreat was excusable,  but  onward must be their master's watchword  so long as any pencil of light glimmered through  a   loop-hole���������onward   as   long   as   limbs,    and  strength,  and hope  held out.     Not daring  to  face another day of insult and plunder, nor yet  a night of gloomy reflection, Park gathered 'together such valuables as he could carry, left the  village under cover of darkness, ahd with magnificent resolution started out alone on his forlorn hope of reaching the Niger.    As the huts  disappeared  behind him, the  moon  shone  out  bright and clear in the heavens, tilling the night  ,with'.its,'mellow beauty, both literally and figuratively lighting up the dark ..path  before him.  From all sides came the roar of wild������������������ beasts, adding  to 0the   terrors   of  the  situation.     Undismayed, however, and still"unwavering, he plodded  onward  through  the night.     He had   nob  proceeded  far when  a clear halloo;stopped his  resolute footsteps.    The accents sounded familiar, and   in a few moments more he vvas joined  by his  faithful  servant,    Deniba.     Park'  then  found that the boy had  made  lip'his ,mind to  stand by him, though, All's messenger returned  to his master.   ���������  APPL.CATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  For MINERAL  CLAIMS require to be published nine weeks in a newspa-  ���������'������������������    per other than the British Columbia' Gazette; their-publication in -'Mini ������������������  MINER wM'cost -the applicant Fl KTY-FI VE CENTS a line.  ���������Notice is hereby, given -that .Limes M. Buckley, Edward  J. Roberts, and '.William H. Ja&kson have tiled the necessary papers and made application for a crown grant in  favor of a mineral claim known as the Arkansas, situated  in the Hot Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to forward their  objections tome within GO days from date of publication.  G. C.������������������TUNSTALL, government asrent.  _Keyclstoke, October 231x1^1890._^ '   .-   ,,--  Notice is hereby given that the Revelstoke Mining Company has filed the necessary papers and made application  for a crown grant in favor of tho..mineral claim known as  the United; situated in the Hot Springs camp, Kootenay  lake.       ',.''".'���������������������������' ��������� ���������  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to me within GO days from date of publication.  o G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  _Reye[stoke, October 23rd, 1800.      _ ,,.' ���������  Notice is hereby given that S.-'H. Cross, G.'W. Coplen,  and E. E. Alexander have filed the necessary papers and  made application for a-'crown grant-in favor of the mineral  claim, known as-the Morning, situated, on Toad mountain.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to file their objections with me within GO days from date of publication.  G.C TUNS TALL, gold commissioner.  _Nelsqn, November 10th, 1890; ������������������__    __      _____ _ " ;:  Notice is hereby given that S. H. Cross, G. W. Coplen,  and E. E. Alexander have filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the Evening,"situated-at Toad Mountain,  West Kootenay district-  Ad verse claimants, if any, are required to forward their  objections to 'me within sixty days from date of publication.. G. C. TUNS TALL, government agent.  Nelson, November 10th, 1890.  TISV.BER   LEASE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after date I intend  making application to chief commissioner of lands and  works for permission to lease for timbering purposes, for a  term of ten years, tho undermentioned tract of land near  Nelson, West Kootenay district, situated as follows: Commencing at the southeast corner post of my present limit,  thence running south 100 chains, thence west 100 chains,  thence north 100 chains, thence east 100 cliains, to point or  commencement; containing. 1000-acres more or less.  M. S. DAVYS, for Nelson Sawmill Company.  Nelson, B. G.November 4th, 1890.  I have discontinued selling lots in Balfour for the winter  months. This will give an opportunity'for holders to improve the shining hours of winter by selling to their friends  outside. CliARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C., November 25th, 1890.  During my absence from Kootenay, T. Vincent Thurburn  of Baker street holds my powcr-of-attorney, and Mr. Saunders of Balfour to act as my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms of the land act.  CHARLKS WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that all persons having accounts  collectible from the estate of John T. Rettus, deceased, are  required to forward mo a detailed statement of such indebtedness vvithin 30 days of tlie date of publication of this  notice. W. GESNER ALLAN.  _Nelson,J3^.,J)eccm.ber 20th, 1890.  __   NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the next legislative assembly of the province of British  Columbia at its next session for an act to incorporate a  company for the purpose of constructing, maintaining,  equipping, and operating telephone lines within the town-  sites of Nelson and Sproat's-Landing and the district between said townsites; and also within- the townsite of  Vernon and surrounding district.  CORBOULD, McCOLL & JENNS,  Solicitors for applicants.  Dated this 1st December, 1890.  mwaM&mMmmimmawmiiMimim  HHW-mt^iMiaK-_������iaiMI-.l-imLM_������iaiHI^ UU-niuii-i.i������.  _���������miiuiiu_ji_uj���������nJJ'HJ.auiiit-���������_wi_ THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.  0.,   SATUEDAY,  DECEMBER 27,   1890.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B. O.  H.  &'T.   MADDEN  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with a frontage  towards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  T !E_E __I!      T. A.B L E, ,-';  is supplied with everything in the market, the  kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  ,      Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED  WITH  THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars:  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms arc large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE   IS   NOT   SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE GIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  ER  PROPRIETORS  a  The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District."  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B. C.  JOHNSON   &   SVIAHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  The reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J...F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  ���������AEA.H'- 'OF   T  WORLD'S    NEW.*..  John P. Glow, ex-pugilist, was shot and killed in his saloon on Larimer .'streets'.'Denver, Colorado, early on the  morning of the 9th by Frank Marshall. The men .had been  on bad terms over a horse sale. The morning of the killing Marshall walked into the saloon and without a word  shot twice, one ball passing through Clow's head, causing  instant death. Clow's bartender shot at Marshall 3 times',  but without effect.   Marshall is under arrest. - -.<���������>   '  The investigation into the town police affairs is still going on at Calgary.     Constable Dillabough  has"-brought.-'  charges against constable Barker, while the latter retaliates by bringing charges against Dillabough for neglect of  - duty. Both will likely be dismissed and new men engaged.  The Great Northern opened to traffic on December 7t,h  121 miles of its Pacific extension in Montana. '1 rack-  laying is progressing at the rate of 2 miles a day, and it  was expected that the Rockies would be reached by__'  Christmas. Two thousand "���������men' are at work. Suppl iiiW"''  are being concentrated in the Flathead valley,West of tlie  mountains, where a force of several thousand men will be  employed and the line hurried through northern Idaho  and Washington.  General Evlyn Wood and his fellow-lieirs have, it is said,  accepted ������500,000 in full for their claims against the estate <  of lady Wood of Eltham, an  aunt of mrs. O'Shea.   This  leaves about the same amount for mrs. O'Shea.  General Wade; Hampton, Democrat, was defeated in the  South Carolina legislature for re-election to the United  States senate by J. L. M-. Kirby, Farmers' Alliance.  At a meeting of the town council of Edinburgh, Scot-.  land, it was ordered that the name of Parnell be erased  from the roll of burghers.  Henry Villard still remains in control of the Northern  Pacific, notwithstanding the rumors that Jay Gould and  the Rockefellers had secured control.  At Dublin on the afternoon of the 9th, Parnell took forcible possession of the United Irishman newspaper, clubbing its staff into the street. At midnight the office was  recaptured by the anti-i: arnellites, and the Parnell editor-,  ial -matter destroyed., The ilex t day it was for the second  time captured by Parnell, assisted by the '..sheriff's officers.  On his arrival at Dublin, Parnell was received as an  "uncrowned king,", while Healey, the leader of the anti-  Parnellites, had to call on the police for protection from  the mob. Parnell went from Dublin to Cork, and at latest  advices was stumping the Kilkenny electoral district in  support of Scully, against sir John Pope Hennessey,.for a  seat in Parliament. Apparently he is more than holding'  his own in the bitter light being waged against him.  A  Ka<l  IiM-inn  ltei>oH,e������I."'.ItLil'Icd.  Of late years, no Indian in the United States  has caused the Washington authorities so much  trouble as Sitting Bull, of the Sioux tribe.    He  was considered a sort of hero, because of the  part he took in the Ouster massacre. He is no  more, and the following" will explain his taking  ..off:  St..  Paul, Min nesota, December 15th.-���������Gen-  eral Miles this evening received dispatches saying that in a fight near Standing Rock agency,  Dakota, this morning, Sitting Bull and a number  of  Indian   police   had   been   killed.      The  message   was from Standing Rock agency and  stated that the Indian police  started to arrest  Sitting Bull, having learned   that he proposed,  starting for the "Bad Lands."   The police were  followed   by    troops of   cavalry  and   infantry.  When   the  police  reached  Sitting Bull's camp  on  Grand  river, about 40 miles from Standing-  Rock, they found arrangements being made for  departure!'    The   cavalry   had   not  reached the  camp when the police arrested Sitting Bull and  started  back  with him.    His followers quickly  rallied to his support.    Sitting Bull and his son  were killed.    Five of theIndian police were also  killed.    One of the police- rode  back to the. cavalry  and  infantry,   and  after   telling  them   to  hurry to the support of the police, hurried on to  the  agency   with  the news of the  battle.    No  further   particulars    have    been   received, but  there is no doubt of the killing of Sitting Bull  and 5 of the police.    The police were taking tlie  chief out of the camp when   a body of-braves',  rode   up  and   demanded   the   release   of   their  leader.    They were met by a. stern refusal, and  at once attacked the police, while Sitting Bull,  drawing  his   knife, stabbed one of'his captors  and   tried  to   break  away.     Hard   pressed   by  swarming  warriors,   tlie police struggled for a,  moment "and  then   commenced firing.    Sitting  Bull was pierced by several bullets and fell dead  in his tracks.    Moved to madness by his death,  the Indians closed  in on the police.    For a few  moments   the  firing  was   continuous,   and   the  troops, hearing the din, hastened to the scene of  bloodshed.    When they arrived they found Sitting  Bull, 5  of his braves, and 7  of the police  dead or dying.    Around  tlie  World  in  a Small   ISoal.  Godfrey Skyes and 0.McLean, the 2 young men  who started from The Needles, California, on  the 1st, for a trip around the world, arrived at  Yuma, Arizona, on the 10th.    The boat they are  traveling  it-  is 22 feet long   and 5 feet wide  it->  draws 3 inches of water and is named Hilda.. It  was made at Flagstaff, Arizona, and is rigged  with 2 masts. The route'will be down the gulf  of California into the Pacific ocean; down the,  coast of South America; through the straits of  Magellan';' tlience up the east coast to the latitude - o'f Rio Janeiro and across the Atlantic to  Sierra 'Leone; froin there the course will be to  London, along the coast of Africa and Europe;  from London t hey will steer to the Mediterran-  ean, passing tlirOugh that and the Red sea,  across 1 he Indian ocean, skirting the southern  and eastern short's of India, along the Asiatic  Coast to Behring sea.; thence down the west  coast of America, to San Francisco. The time of  the trip is estimated at 2h years.���������'*;  Heroism  Seldom  Kquale*-.  On the night of the 5th, .while a party  of students were .standing, on a pond  about 2 miles east of Cameron, Missouri,  the ice broke, precipitating 10 of the number  into the wafer, which was IS feet deep. They  were nil rescued except Maud Grantham of  Albanv, Missouri, aged IS, and Oscar Meyers of  Meadville, MissourCnged 27. Meyers displayed  great bravery in facing death. He reached the  shore in safety, and wh^enit was discovered that  miss Grantham' was missing, he kissedhiscousin  good bye and rushed back into the water, but;  was so chilled when he reached the unfortunate  young lady he could render her no assistance  and.'"'both perished "together-.. Both bodies were  removed about midnight.  Silver lias an   Upward  Ten������Ieiicy.  The latest advices state that, owing to expected legislation by congress, silver is aclvanc-  ingUn price, being quoted at: $1.09 an ounce in  New York.  0OTENAY HOTEL  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  XKfLSON,  ���������*��������� '���������.    '  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  arc comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE  TABLE  is  acknowledged   the  best  in the mountains.  is stocked with  the best liquors and  cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  TRAIL CUE I. K, B. C.  W    K.   POIJLTOX.   .'."   !������__0_>_rittTO_-  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail (  mining district, its proprietor being a caterer of exi.cn  rfhe table will always be supplied with the best ol i.  thing obtainable. The bar is stocked withi choure lie  and cigars, including Hiram Walker ^ Sons puu  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  'reck  enco.  very-  piors  i  rye  illiam Kirkup & Co.  ___<;v_;:lsto-U<", is. v,.  STOVES AND TINWARE,  GRAtflTEWARE  AND  LAMP  GOODS.  Tin, Copper, and Sheet-Iron Ware Made to Order.  First-class work guaranted.    Particular attention*"paid  to  mail  orders from  mining camps.  m  K.-ri/1 ii������-.'.'r 8  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATTJEEAY,  DECEMBEE  27,  1890.  Main  REVELSTOKE  Eailroad Avenue,  SPROAT.  ii.  ���������YATiarox^ES-A.ii.E ^.jstjd _Ra__]T^_^i_r_.  -( j  @  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  Oor. Vernon  B���������gMpj n in im  Continued from First Pag-e.  from $125 to $225for 25-foots and $300 to $600 for  60-foots. .At Ainsworth probably-'- $10,000 was  expended in new buildings and improvements,  aiid-lot's are held at fully as high figures as at  Nelson because of the limited number suitably  located. A new town, called Balfour, wa.s laid  off at theyoutlet, a.nd some 300 lots sold at fiinires  ���������������'  ranging from'$25 to $40. Quite a little 'town  was built at Sproat, which will be removed in  the spring to a point 2 miles farther up the Columbia river.  BUSINESS  AND   POPULATION.  Nelson has 6 merchandise stores and Ainsworth 2. Their aggregate sales were.not less  than $150,000, the cash sales of one Nelson house  averaging near $5000 a ''month. This is a fair  volume of business, considering that 3 of the  houses did not begin business until August 1st.  Three saw-mills are in operation, with a joint  capacitv of 40,000 feet a dav. Each mill has  planing and shingle machinery in connection.  Nelson lies 6 and Ainsworth 4 hotels and saloons;  Balfour has T. Between 400 and 450 men make  Nelson .their headquarters, the town having a,  permanent population of not more than 250.  Ainsworth's population during the si.unn.er and  fall was about the same as that, of Nelson (200 to  250), about 150 of whom are wintering there. ������������������  A  LAW-ABIDING COUNTRY.  But one case of criminal .assault earne up for  hearing during the year, and  one case of robbery.    A jail sentence was given each.  SMALL    Nirt.UETS' OF'   "VEWS.- ;���������'��������� '  Sixteen men and 3 teams, in charge of rnr. McKay, left  Nelson for Crawford's bay on Wednesday. They are part  of" the outfit that will be engaged this winter in taking out  3,500..000 feet of logs for tlie Davies-Sayward saw-mill at  Pilot bay.  The suspension of the Spokane National Bank, of which  that old-time banker and mining man Warren ilussey is  -cashier,- ties up several hundred dollars of one Nelson  man's money. He is the only man in the town who had a  bank account and a check book: now he wishes he had  had neither. The suspension is probably only temporary,  as mr- Hussey is part owner of the great Morning mine at  Mullan, Idaho, for which a million dollars was recently  refused, it is said.  The Miner was in receipt of but 2 presents at Christmas : A paper weight, with the compliments of Holley,  Mason, Marks & Co. of 'Spokane Falls, and a map of  Butte, Montana, with the compliments of Mantle & Warren. Apparently Tin. Mineii is more appreciated, awav-  from than at home.  R. E. Lemon has applied to the department of inland  revenue for a bonded warehouse privilege, and in anticipation of its being granted, haslet a contract for a fire-proof  cellar, 20x30 in size. lie lias also let a con tract'to Mill  Brothers for tlie erection of a 1-story 30x00 warehouse, the  building to be completed by March 1st.  This week J. R.-Matheson purchased lots II and 12, block  17, from John Houston and diaries H. Ink. Mr. Matheson  will erect buildings on the ground in the spring.  The damaged pipe at the Davys & Tolson saw-mill has  been repaired. Before leaving for Victoria, mr. Davys reported that all thelumber needed for the Mara steamboat,  except 8000 feet, of planking, had been sawed." Two pieces  p-i'51 feet long were whipsawed on account of expected dilli-  eulty in floating pieces, of that, length down tlie flume.  The 8000 feet of planking will be taken out early in the  spring.  Nothing Split Jollity  ."reviii _<*������_,  On   Christmas, 1SS8, 12 pioneers sat down  to  dinner at Frank Hanna's.    It is said the 12 in  cluded all the men wintering in Toad Mountain  district. On Christmas, 1890, cfully 300 men, women, and children ate their'Christmas dinner at  one or the other of the hotels or the private residences in Nelson. The International and the  Kootenay hotel-managers'.gave dinners equal to  ���������any.given-in inland British Columbia. The festivities were* ushered in with a dance at the International on Christmas eve and Wound up  with a parade on Friday night. No one thing  was more noticeable' than the good feeling that  prevailed.among the boys.  " .    ' . "      '��������� c       .-������������������ ��������� . ''.'....���������������������������  Sensible  Action.  Advices from Victoria are that the mining  commission has knocked out the re-recording  l'equ i rem en ts of the mineral act, making the  tenure of the holding of a claim depend entirely  on the assessment work being done annually.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application Will be made to  the legislative assembly of British Columbia at its next  session for an act to incorporate a company to be called  ���������"The Kootenay Lake Telephone Company," for the purpose of constructing,.equipping, maintaining, and operating  telephone lines within the townsites of Nelson, Ainsworth,  and Balfour, and the district, between said townsites ; also  lines connecting these .towns with the mines in Toad Mountain and Hot ���������Springs mining districts.  BOD \VELL& IRVING, solicitors for applicants.  Dated December 20th, 1S00.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that an application will be made  to the legislative assembly of the province of British Columbia, at its next session, for an act extending the powers  of the Crow's Nested Kootenay Rake Rail way Company,  and enabling the said company to construct, equip, operate,  and maintain a line of railway from a point on the lower  Kootenay river, at or near, its junction with Goat river,  thence to the Columbia river in the neighborhood of Fort  Sheppard,'with a branch line to Nelson, via Salmon river,  and from the Columbia..river, by way of Osoyoos lake and  Simi.lkamcen river to Hope; thence following the south  side of the Eraser river to a convenient point for crossing  to New Westminster, and a convenient-terminal point on  Burrard Inlet. And that sections 0, 7, and 18 of the Crow's  Nest & Kootenay .Lake Bail way Company act, 1888, may  be amended by increasing the capital and borrowing powers of tlie company, and to change the name of tlie said  company to the "British Columbia Southern Kail way  Company." CIIARLLS WILSON,  Solicitor for applicants.  Dated the 11th day of December, I8i)0.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the legislative assembly of the province of British Columbia at its next session to incorporate-a company for the  purpose of constructing, equipping, maintaining, and operating either aerial or other tramways in West Kootenay  district, from tlie Hot Springs mining camp or any point  within live miles of same, to any point or points.on Kootenay lake; or from the Goat, River, mining camp to any  point or points on Kootenay river, for the purpose of transporting ores or other commodities.  C. DUBOIS MASON, solicitor for applicants.  Victoria, B. C, 10th December, 1800.  NOTICE.  Notice is. hereby given that application'will be made to  the legislature of British Columbia, at its next session, for  a private bill to incorporate a company for the purpose of  constructing and maintaining a railway from some convenient, point on the outlet of Kootenay lake to a point on  or near the southern boundary of tlie province. With  power to construct, and maintain branch lines, and also to  construct and operate telegraph ami telephone lines in  connection with the said railway.  BOD WKLL & I RV.I NG| solicitors for applicants.  Victoria, B. C, 12th December, 1800.  AND  AT  jjit'e ���������Wal.sli's)  15 EAST BAKER STREET.  NOW  OJV SALE  AT  Postoffice Store, Nelson, B. 0.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCING.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited. "  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON,' B.' 0.  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DEUGS,   PATENT  MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  CIGARS    AT    WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.


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