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The Miner Dec 20, 1890

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 ^���������wrwi_aig*^ff.?y^_.__''jjlf3wii'.'i������y������gr  Only "Paper-  Printed  in the  Kootenay Lake Min-  ing..Districts*  . For, Kates-  oT Subscription and  Advertising  See Fourth Fatfe.  ;NUMBEE 27;  NELSON,  BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,   DECEMBEE   20,   1890.  $_ A YEAE.  '.IOK     "WILSON     B*!_OWtfE!&    LV     BvOOTE'VAY    LAKE..  Last Monday night an accident occurred on  Kootenay lake that resulted in the death of Joseph Wilson, one of Nelson's best-known citizens. .'Mr. Wilson bad chartered the: Idaho and  barge to bring beef cat tie from the boundary  line to Nelson, and was on the first return trip  when the accident occurred. Tlie,cattle were  loaded on .the barge on Sunday forenoon, and  the run inade to the head of the lake that day.  Some little difficulty., was experienced with the  cattle on the river, because of their''crowding to  the one side or the other of the barge, tlie  crowding causing it; to list. Before reaching the  lake a stop was made and the.' cattle bunched  "closer.- Monday moming, although rough, the  Idaho steamed into the lake. While 'on the  lake the Cattle appeared in fea;r and stood quiet,  but the lake finally .became'-so rough that the  boat was run behind a point for .shelter. The  wind calmed clown a little and another attempt  .was.made;  but, for the second time, shelter had  to be sought behind a point, tins time about 10  ������������������miles south of the outlet-.    There, well .'sheltered'  from the -south wind, the water  was comparatively smooth.     The  rocky shore-line from  the  end  of   the,, point   runs   nearly   due   west/ then  curves to the north.     The   Idaho  was tied  up  alongside   the ��������� east-and-west, shore,   with   the  bow-end of the barge close up  to her bow, and  its stern-end about 20 feet from the north-and-  south  shore.     Tb.ev, roc.ks^.along-  the shore  are-  piled up in great broken masses, evidently from  a  slide.     The   barge   was securely .tied, to the  shore by.3 or 4 lines.    The cattle, being on tlie  barge over 36 hours, were very  restless, and towards midnight 5 or 6  of then i  got down and  were being trampled on.     Mr.   Wilson,.captain  Longiey,   and  engineer   Kilbury   attempted   to  get the down cattle up, and to  do so gave" the  cattle about 6 "feet   more  space on   the barge.  After  doing  this, "mr.   Wilson   climbed around  from   the  shot'e side  of the barge to  the  lake  side, punching the cattle up as he went around.  Captain Longlev was on the roof of the barge   i  neaivthe stern (it was decked over from the stern   j  to  within   about 10  feet  of  the   bow),  the  en-   j  .gineer being on the bow.    While'in   these posi-   j  t.ions, the cattle crowded  to  the lake side of the  barge so suddenly that it overturned almost in  a  second, the -engineer  having  -barely  time to  ump onto the Idaho and the captain into the'  ak'e. ��������� The  latter, although having   but.a few  feet   to . swim,  reached   the   rocks   almost   exhausted.,   Mr.' Wilson   was  probably  about  10  feet from the stern  of the barge when it upset,  and was necessari.lv clinging to 'the boards that  were  nailed   fence-like   to   the   stanchions that  supported the roof.     In  all probability  he lost  his-  footing   and   hold   as   the   barge   turned.  While   in   the'  water himself, captain  Longiey  heard    "Wilson    cry.    Help!    Help!    and    James  Cameron  and  the fireman,  who   had remained  on   the   Idaho,   .heard    him   cry,    Help!    Help,  bovs !    Th'ev are not .positive'as'-to which side  of   the   barge   the   crv    came,   it   sounding   as  coming   from   tlie  lake  side  to .Longiey, a.nd  as  from   the  shore  side   to   Cameron.     Mi*. Wilson  was   unable   to   swim,  and   the   darkness   prevented   him   from'; grasping   the -bottom  of the  overturned barge,'which   was  more than a. foot  above water, or of assistance being iviulcrod him  by  those on  tlie Idaho, the  lanterns' being extinguished in the   upsetting of the  barge.     lie  probably en. me to the surface once, and in sinking the second time  was washed under the roof  of the barge���������between'it and the bottom of the  lake���������the water at the spot where the body was  recovered  being  about 22 feet  in  depth.     In���������a  few u i in u t es al 1 was qui et.  Tuesday morning 3 of the 25 cattle were  floating between the barge and the shore, along  with part of the -roof, the others remaining between the roof and the deck of the barge. The  water of the lake being qiiite clear, the horns  and legs of the, drowned cattle could   be  seen  sticking out between  the boards nailed-.to the  stanchions,   and   debris  from   the   barge   could  easily be distinguished on tlie rocks at the bottom of the lake.   All day Tuesday the Idaho lay  at the scene of the accident with steam up, not  da ring to ven tu re out on the lake.    About noon  the  Galena,   bound 'for: Nelson,   was   signaled.  That steamer was all right when running with  the   wind,   but   when   struck  sideways   by  the  heavy swells and waves  she  was in  danger of  being'-'swamped, as she was heavily loaded with  freight.    Captain Play ward knew that Joe1; Wilson  was with the  Idaho, and thought that the  signals   were intended  for him to   run   in   and  take Joe  aboard..   He inade  the  attempt, but'  had to give it up.    Pearly Wednesday morning,  tlie '=wind having died  down, captain   Longiey  made the run to Nelson, arriving at the landing  between 7 and 8 o'clock.,   The news he brought  caused the bulb to rise in more than one throat,  and brought tears to the eyes of more than one:  man.     As  soon, as 0 possible,   grappling   hooks  '.were made,   ropes and  tackle  procured, and a  search party made up-, to  go   back on the Idaho  to   the  scene  of   the  disaster.      The   run   back  was   made   by   0    o'clock   that   night.     Early  next   morning    the    lake    in   the   vicinity    of  the  wreck   was   dragged,   but   without   result.  Then tackle was rigged to, right the barge, and  in    doing    so    it /was', pulled    in   a    few   feet  nearer the shore.    While peering in  the water  from the lake sicle-of the barge, Duncan MeGill-  livrav, one of tn^feaiich party, saw 3 white ob-  jects lying a.'pp^)i^iiu^*(^p^h^hottc)m of the lake.  _r.��������� i--vei.et[ th1|;������r|^pJ^ search  vei������������������. 'The 5^vhite''-.::.Qjb,Tect_5H'v^'re'  He low  was o  the   hands  tie handling. There was no��������������������������� dMcoi^kti^'J^ijd  except for a set and determined idok/'fhcW^ltfe  sometimes wore when put out or in anger/vtho^e  who knew him well might, easily have imagined  him asleep.  After recovering the body several unsuccessful attempts were made to overturn the barge,  and the Idaho steamed back to Nelson, arriving  at half-past  6 o'clock.    The.   body   was .carried,  ashore and taken to the Topping building, where  it-was.la id out.    On Saturday afternoon the remains were buried on a hillside overlooking the  outlet on the east side of the town, being followed to. their last resting place by over 200 pep-  ple.    The only ceremony was the reading of the,  burial  service  of the Episcopal church  by W.  Gesner Allan.    No other was needed.    The following to the grave was better evidence than  high-sounding   phrases   of   the   estimation   in  which Joe  Wilson  was  held by the  people  Of  Nelson.    Joseph Wilson was born in Wellington county,  Ontario, in 'February, 1862. The family afterwards removed to West Gwillimbury township,  York county, where his father, John Wilson,  now lives, his mother dying 11 years ago.  A brother and 2 sisters also live in Ontario;  another brother, Blake Wilson, lives in Nelson.  His first-venture away from -home was to Winnipeg during the boom. He remained there for  a, year, then returned home .for a short stay. He  again returned to Winnipeg, and from there  went to Minnesota.;. From Minnesota to the  Cceur d'Aleno country ; thence to British Columbia,, arriving in this province in 1881. In 18Sf)he  was on the line of t he Canadian Pacific, engaged  in different -occupations. 'He finally got an  interest in a, pack train, and when the Granite  Creek1 excitement broke out moved Hie train  there. However, that camp's boom was of short  duration, and 1887 found him at llleeillewaet,  '���������pa.cking-ore from the Lanark mine to the town.  He brought, his train back there again in 1888,  but work at the mine was shut down early in  the season, and that year's business was not-  very profitable. In 1889 he came into the Kootenay Lake country, making Nelson his headquarters. Early that spring he packed the machinery to the Golden King mine, and later  hauled the machinery for the Poorman mill to  the in ill-sit e. He also packed1 ore from the Hall  mines. That year he brought in beef cattle  from Kettle river, arid- laid the. foundation for  the business that lie carried on, this year. Late  in-the fall he returned to llleeillewaet, and obtained a bond on the Boyd &.Bain inine on Fish  ' creek,-!on which"-he spent several., thousaiid dollars only to find - it unsaleable. Thi^Tspring he  and li is brother secured the contract for furnishing the construction force out lie -Nelson Sc Sproat  railway .with'-beef,.also the (contract for packing  supplies, along the right'-of way. He 'established  a meat ���������-market at Nelson, ran job .teams and. a  corral, and carried the mail between' Sproat and  Nelson. He was--'always������ busy and no man in  the lake country had more rustling .'enterprise.'  Had he lived, the New Year Would ha,ve seen  him out of debt, and on solid footing. No man  better deserved success. He was liberal and  honorable in his dealings; was both kind-hearted  an d good- n a t u i *ed, se 1 do m u 11e r i n g a c o m p 1 al n t  even when disappointed or worried by bad luck.  Joe "Wilson was.the one..man. who could,least be  spared in Nelson.  A  T>vo-Foot Le������lge  on   Anderson ���������reek.   -  On the head of Anderson- creek, about.3 miles  due east ..from Nelson, J. P.  Lamotte and  his  partners are working on a claim named the Cub.  They have a 2-foot ledge, the -pay" "streak varying in width. A tunnel is being rim' in', on  the ledge, and it is now in 25 feet. Work,will be  continued all winter. Mr. Lainotte reports the  snow about _������ feet deep.  feet j with" 3'^feet1-oi"6re*;-^ _5ri'*e^:p^  ^copper, iii tlie bottom of the shaft.    Little trou-"  ble is now had in  handling the water, and mr.  Fox is more than sanguine that the Dandy will  yet he one of the big mines of the Toad Mountain district.  Mining  News   from Trail Creek.  The incline shaft on the Lily May is down 30  feet, showing" a 3-foot ledge of cube galena.  Five  men are at work on the Le Roi, and the same  number on Springer's claim.     Perdue & Stewart <  are sinking a shaft on tlie  Zilor, a. claim that is  believed   to    be   second  to  none  in   the  camp.  About 40 men are wintering in the district.  : SJicn   Ore  from ������t he   ICast Side  of the   Lake-  While  the Blue Bell is the  only property on  the east side of Kootenay lake developed into a  mine, good ore is brought in for assay from  "several'claims-in that district. Bryan, the assay er'at- Ainsworth, reports that t lie .richest ore  he assays comes from over there���������the ore being  free milling, and ������������������ carry ing ruby silver..'  Will    Wail.- until   Spring' before    Iteginming   Work.  Owing to the difficulty of getting in  niachin-  cry,'-the work of sinking a shaft, on   the Little  Donald'will not be commenced until spring.  The owners of the Krao, another Hot Springs  proper! y, have also decided to await spring before starting up its machinery. It is reported  that, the latter .mine will be stocked.  Working Three  Shifts on   the  Skyline.  At the Skyline, in   I lot Springs district, work  has been  resumed on  the 2-comparf ment shaft  now that the steam'hoist and pump are in position. Three shifts are run, with .Tom M.oGov-  evw and Alec McLeod as foremen in charge and  dv. LaBau and Joe Petty as engineers. The  shaft is down nearly 100 feet.  The Silver   Iving Tunnel  in  3I<> Feet.  The tunnel on the Silver King was in 316 feet  on Sunday last. A foot of rich-looking ore is  now in sight on the floor of the tunnel. The  rock continues hard.  j '   '!  I 'i-  THE  MI_TEE:    _TELSO_I,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE  20,   1890.  ��������� (���������������  Boods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect, Claim, or Mine in tlie  Hot  Springs MM  o___~r,:r,*^ full  __i_sr__s, o_r  i,  NERS' SUPPLIES/  STAPLE GROCERIES,  EN'S FURNISHING  RON AND STEEL, BUILDERS' HARDWAR  R AND FEED, DRY GOODS,  OOTS AND SHOES,       CLOTHING.  ;t!������  Drugs and Cigars in stock at Ainsworth,  AINSWOETH, B. C, and EEVELSTOEE, B. a  B>IS���������AIitB*_Bl>y ' CLBJB������ISEB>,    ASiy .$17.25 ! TO.' PAY,  #'!:!  Hfc'  '���������>: '���������:���������  1-^-r.--i:.-.>i  I J." ���������' i    'j  ~-H\ ���������!  1 '*'���������.  !'.l.-;  I':!  ; !  I1!  t)  . I !  1 i  '! ';-  IS  THE PENALTY FOR CLAIMING A '-WIFE."'  On Wednesday morning an assault and battery case was brought up, for consideration before justices of the peace Selous and Buchanan,  at the government office at Nelson, in which  Charles W. Church charged Alexander McLeod  and Alexander McKinnon of the Vancouver  house, Ainsworth, with assaulting him and doing him grevious bodily harm. * . . ���������  It appears"that mr. Church had left Nelson a  few weeks ago for Ainsworth, with the intention of bringing back with him mrs. McKinnon,  whom he claimed as hisjawful spouse. Mrs.  McKinnon was unwilling to accompany Church  back to Nelson, as she was quite contented  where she was, and complained that he had  tlnrnt^^tter^Mle^sf Xihergupoji ^fi Me^ffinn o n  being so forcible  ch was obliged to be  brought to Nelson for medical assistance. He  was jerked onto the floor, kicked about the head  and body, then thrown out into the street, and  felled by some unknown person in the back by  some heavy instrument. The embroglio took  place in t'.e bar loom of the hotel, where there  were about a dozen people; so witnesses were  plentiful. This happened'on "the 11th; on the  12th Church swore out charges against McKinnon and McLeod and was brought to Nelson the  same day. G. B. Nagle, Ainsworth's constable,  accompanied by the accused and witnesses  arrived here'on Monday, and preparations were  made for the trial of the case. On Wednesday  at a few minutes after 10 o'clock the court opened:  church y. m'jleod.  In   the   first   case   Alexander    McLeod   was  charged   on   the   information   of   Charles   W.  .Church*, with   wounding  him   with a  stick   of  wood; he pleaded not guilty.  C. W. Church being duly sworn, 'gave evidence  as follows: I was sitting in the Vancouver  hotel when McKinnon came into the bar room  from- the dining room and insulted me. He said  ���������.-that he had told, me he did not want me to  * 'in on ke v" with h is o r an y bod v else's aff ai rs. At  this time he came up to me from the bar and  jerked me out of the chair. Then he kicked at  me, and threw me on the floor, and threw me  out. Then, to the best of my knowledge and  belief, it was McLeod who came and threw the  stick of wood that hit me in the back.  Mr. Selous: Are you prepared to swear that  it was McLeod who threw the stick?  Mr. Church: I am not prepared to swear,  but it was, to the best of tny knowledge and  belief.  Mr. Selous then explained that it would be as  well for Church to be sure who did injure him  and asked if he had any witnesses to prove that  it actually was McLeod who threw the stick of  wood.    There were 2.  Herbert H. Pitts was the first witness called.  He said: I was in the Vancouver house this  night that the row took place. I was standing  at the bar when McKinnon came from the dinning room and went behind the bar. McLeod  was at that time behind the bar. McKinnon  came up to Church and said that he was intoler  ably mean. He said he could not stand it any  longer. He jerked him' and kicked him and  threw him out of the house. McLeod to the  best of my belief was not out of the house. I  was not out of the house. I saw no stick thrown.  In reply to questions mr. Pitts said: I did not  notice how many men went out. ..There.were 3  of us at the bar. I do nOt know how many were  in the house at the time; McKinnon came out  from behind the bar.  "M. li. Luther wTas the next witness called for  the plaintiff. He said: I was in the Vanconver  house on the evening when the trouble occurred, at the bar shaking dice. MclCinnon  came out of the dining room.    I had heard that  TIB E    K It K VT_KK    SONATA    ���������11 EST _ BIT.  this man Church was in town and saw him  there, but I'did not see McLeod do him any injury whatever. I was one of the first nien out  of the house, and am sut)e?>j^c������eod was behind  me when the man ^as^^i^YVj; just walked to  the door and lopJke-d'Qi^,VfXipr|feply to. questions  mr.  Luther, sxaid :_ <* I  could]-not 'tell von  how  Mil  W  J^w^a^i^feQiittof^the house.  ^v^le^a^eje^McLeod was then asked if he cle-  f^*Q<J^t^say'anything. He said : I swear that I  f^^;y;er>'threw7 the stick. I do not know who  Shrew it. On being interrogated,''he replied:  (1) There was quite a crowd in the house. (2) I  nover saw a stick of wood thrown. (3) Yes, I  think there was a stick of wood thrown; mr.  Buchanan told me the next morning there was  a stick of wood thrown. (4) I made no mention  to anyone that I saw.a stick of wood thrown. I  do not remember what I said in conversation  with you (mr. Buchanan).  The case was then summed up, and the charge  dismissed as non-proven, and the plaintiff  Church   was  ordered  to   pay the costs���������$17.25.  CHURCH  V. M'KINNON.  e.-   ��������� .  Alexander McKinnon was then charged with  assaulting C.'W. Church. He pleaded guilty;  and mr. Church was called on to explain the  nature of the assault. He said: I was sitting in  a chair when McKinnon caine to me, and threw  me on the floor, and kicked me, and then threw  me out of the house. Then to the best of my  knowledge and belief McLeod came and threw a  stick of wood. McKinnon did not tell me to  leave the house and we had had no words  previously.  ; Mr. McKinnon: What did you go round to  my kitchen window for, when I found you there  with a gun?  Mr. Church:   I never had a gun in my hand.  W. G-esner Allan was then called on to testify  to the extent of Church's wounds when ho arrived at Nelson, and said that in his opinion  they were not dangerous.  Mr. McKinnon was then asked if he had any  witnesses or had anything to say. He replied  that he had no witnesses and did not wish to  say anything.  Mr. Selous then delivered judgment against  McKinnon, fining him $25 and costs���������in all  $75.50, at the same time severely criticizing that  gentleman's conduct.  m'kinnon v. church.  The case of Eleanor McKinnon v. C. W.  Church, charging him with using threatening  language and placing her in fear of her life, was  adjourned until the second Monday in May,  1891, at 10 o'clock.  The court was then declared closed.  The caustic reviews and denunciatory criticisms that have been flowing from able pens in  many quarters anent the import of Tolstoi's  latest production have at length drawn a concise expression of opinion from that writer. In  the Universal Review he says:  "I am of opinion that, owing to the exaggerated and erroneous significance attributed by  our society to love, and the idealised states that  accompany and succeed it, the best energies of  our men "and ���������women are drawn forth and exhausted during- the most promising period of  life; those of men in the work of looking for,  choosing, and winning, the most desirable objects of love, for, which purpose lying and fraud  are held to be quite excusable; those of the  women and girls in alluring men and decoying  them into liaisons or marriage byc the most  questionable means conceivable, as an instance  of which the present fashions in evening dress  may be cited. I am of opinion that this is not  right. The truth is, that the whole affair has  been exalted by poets and romancers to an undue importance, and that love in its various developments is not a'-fitting "object! to consume  the best energies of men. People set it before  them, and strive after it, because their view of  life is as vulgar and brutish as that other conception frequently met with in the lower stages  of development, which sees in luscious and  abundant food an end worthy of man's best efforts. Now this is not right and should not be  done."  While it cannot be denied that to the many  these views are very false, yet it is an undoubted fact that a little reflection will reveal  in them more truth than the average man cares  to admit.    Tolstoi is ahead of his age,  fi*rcs������rviitioii of Mine Timbers.  The German government officials, principally  at the mine Alienwald, near Saarbruecken, have  for 18 months past been experimenting to ascertain the best means to preserve and protect  mine timbers, both from decay and from fracture by pressure. In connection with the tests  to prevent decay of mine timbering, especially  such as is exposed to great pressure, lime, coal  tar, and carbolineum were tried in such a  manner as to enable them to compare their relative protective value. The results show lime  to be the weakest. Coal tar preserved the outside  of  the timber, while the core was  found  completely decayed. Carbolineum proved by  far the best, and is now being used on all the  timbering of the upcast in that mine. The mine  timbers, made of wood peeled and dried, are  twice painted over with the carbolineum above  the ground, and require each, when 2.5 meters  long and .25 meters in diameter, in the first application 4 5 kilogram, and in the second 3/5 kilogram, the total cost was: For material, 48.3pf.,  and for labor 15pf., or altogether about 7^d. To  prevent the premature breaking of the wall  props, after experimenting for some time it was  found that when 3 or 4 notches, 30 centimeters  deep, have been sawed in the top part of the  wood, this yields to the pressure by being compressed, but does not break.  (Pi  ������tSgs_  k  iin_fmg_t____i____^ THE /MINER;..   NELSON,   B,  SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE 20,  1890.  DO NOT USE POOE MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  MOLDINGS,  Bill  are for sale in any quantity, by the  NELSON  SAWMILL CO.  lard:   At end of Flume in  Nelson.  Mill:   Two Miles South of Nelson.  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in  any  part of Nelson.  CORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.  .'.__'. "S. 'DAVYS,'-   j...ji.,to_s6_,.'....,.���������'...  MANAGERS.    '".      '     r-'  Kootenay Lake Saw-Mill.  lOCbOOO feet Lumber on hand at NELSON.  50,000    "        " '���������"���������        AINSWOETH.  100,000    "  ((  ((  MILL.  Parties Purchasing Lots in Nelson  ON .BUILDING  CONDITIONS  will be liberally dealt with in regard to lumber supply.  Gr. o. _3"crc_3:___sr_?__Nr  BUILDERS.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended.to.  "���������^ 1 '        '  c  Shop: Oor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  h*  !'������������������  AND  Will contract for the erection of any size wood building.  Plans and estimates furnished and bills for material made.  Job carpentering attended to promptly. Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, East Vernon street.  CLEARING  will do all kinds of  AND   CONTRACT  in and about  WORK  Estimates given on work.      Address, Balfour via Nelson.  :FORTUNES'. IN    SMALL' INVENTIONS.  Every little while newspaper mention is made  of th e s n bject of in ven tion s an d ho w in an y h ave  "made fortunes out of small inventions. To  commence with, the pen for shading" in different  colors, yields an income of $200,000 per annum.  The rubber tip at the end of lead-pencils has  already made $100,000. A large fortune has  been reaped by a miner who invented a metal  rivet or eyelet at each end of the mouth of coat  or trowsers pockets to resist the strain caused  by the carriage of pieces of ore or heavy tools.  In a recent legal action, it transpired in evidence  that the inventor of the metal plates-'used to  protect the soles and heels of shoes from wear  sold upward of 12,000,000 plates in 1879, and in  1887 the number reached 143,000,000, producing  realized profits of $1,250,000.  A still more useful invention is the "darning  weaver," a device for repairing.,!.stockings, undergarments, etc., the sale of which is very  large and increasing. As large a sum as was  ever obtained for any invention was enjoyed by  the inventor of the inverted glass bell to hang  over gas to protect the ceilings from being  blackened, and a scarcely less lucrative patent  was that for simply putting emery powder on  cloth. Frequently time and circumstances are  wanted before an invention is appreciated, but  it will be seen that patience at times is well  rewarded, for the inventor of the roller skate  made over $1,000,000, notwithstanding the fact  that his patent had nearly expired before its  value was ascertained.  The gimlet-pointed screw has produced more  wealth than most silver mines, and the American who first thought of putting copper tips to  children's shoes has realized a fortune. Upward  of $10,000 a year was made by the inventor  of the common needle-tb reader. To the foregoing might beradded thousands of trifling but  useful articles from which handsome incomes  are derived or for which large sums have been  paid. Few inventions pay better than patented  toys. That favorite toy, the return ball, a  wooden ball with an elastic attached, yielded  the patentee an income equal to $50,000 a year,  and an income of no less than $75,000 fell to the  patentee of the "dancing jinicrow."  The invention of "Pharaoh's serpents," a toy  much in vogue some years ago, was the outcome  of some chemical experiments, and brought the  inventor more than $50,000. The sale of the little wooden figure, "John Gilpin," was incredibly large for many years, and a. very ingenious  toy, known as the "wheel of life," is said to  have produced upward of $100,000 profit to its  inventor. One of the most successful of modern  toys has,been the " chameleon top," the sale of  which has been enormous. The field of invention is not only vast and varied, but is open to  everybody, without respect to sex or age, station or means.  Mad tlie Dull More   Sense  than  Its  Owner?  Instinct in animals is often superior to intelligence in men. Animals never willingly leave a  section in which they were raised, and many instances are on record.where they have made  long and difficult journeys in returning to old  stamping grounds. Last August a family  moved from Nelson to Trail Creek, among  their possessions being a 2-year-old red bull.  Trail Creek is distant about 60 miles, and 3  rivers are crossed on the route. The little red  bull, unlike its owners, had a good opinion of  the pastures roundabout Nelson, and yearned  to return. He, therefore, started on the back  track, swam the Columbia at Sproat,-hunted for  a week or more for the proper crossing of the  rapid Slocan, and easily got across the sluggish  Kootenay, arriving at Nelson a bout 2 weeks ago.  Apparently he is as contented with the potato  peelings and other refuse vegetables thrown in  hotel backyards as his owners are with the  abundance of good things provided them at  Trail Creek. Many old timers say the little red  bull has more sense than its owners, as he knew.  a ffood country when he was in it and thev  didnt.             The Result of a  "Practical   Test.  Regarding the enactment by law of 8 hours a  day, or 48 hours per week, as the maximum  amount of work for adults, it may not be uninteresting to make it known that in the weaving  factory at Eden berry, near Belfast, which is the  property of John  S. Brown  & Sons, who  are  well known among the foremost in the production of the finest damask table-linens, doylies,  and cambric handkerchiefs, the question has  been put to a practical test by their enterprising,  man ager. Some 2 or "3 years since, mr. Kirt-  land, the gentleman referred to, became impressed with the idea that he could reduce the  period Of weekly labor to 5 days, and give an entire holiday on Saturdays to all his workers  without injuriously affecting the interests of  either master or employee. Having now had 2  years experience, although the system was only  at first tried as an experiment, he finds that all  concerned are so well satisfied that they would,  on no account, return to the old method.  Briefly, the advantages 'gained have, been : An  output equal to and even greater than before;  the saving of steam, fuel, Oil, etc.,to the firm  and to the 'workers';'' Saturday to themselves,  with wages equal to what they formerly "earned'  in (5 days, because knowing that they would be  off on Saturdays, they are as anxious to make  up their pay as their employer is to grant it. It  has also been observed that there are fewer absentees on Monday mornings and far less  broken time.  ���������tn'  Our Mountain Itoa<!s   not  to l������c -Compared  to it.  The year 1892 will probably be signalized by a  most interesting event iix civil engineering and  in international overland commerce. This .will-  be the completion and opening Of the Trans-  Andine railroad,-'the first to cross the continent  of South America. It is 19 years since this  work was begun, and it is now confidently expected that, it will be finished by the beginning:  of 1892. The road is to run from Buenos Ayresj  to Valparaiso, a distance of 871 miles. There  are now 640 miles of it finished at the Buenos  Ayres end, and 82 at the Valparaiso end. Of  the remaining 149 miles about one-third is'prac-  tically complete, and the rails laid. The passage of the Andes is accomplished at the Cumbre  pass, which is 13,045 feet above the sea level.  The railroad, however, does not reach the summit' of the pass, but pierces the mountain by  means of a. tunnel more than 3 miles long at an  elevation of 10,450 feet above the sea. The  grades are, of course, very steep. For a considerable distance the rise is more than 422 feet to  the mile, or 1 foot to every I2h. On this portion  of the line a rack rail is employed similar to  those on the Hartz and other -mountain roads.  One unfortunate feature of the road, which will  seriously impair its value, is the diversity of  gauges "adopted. The different sections of the  road have been built by different companies, and  each company has its own gauge.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  For MINIiRAI.  CLAIMS require to be published nine weeks in anewspj  per other than the British Columbia Gazette; their publication in '1 IIli  MlNIik will cost the applicant FIFTY-FIVE CFiNTS a line.  Notice is hereby given that James M. Buckley, Edward  J. Roberts, and William H. Jackson have filed the necessary papers'Jind made application for a crown grant in  favor of a mineral claim known as the Arkansas, situated,  in the Hot Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake. .  Adverse claimants, if any,-arc notified to forward their  objections to me vvithin GO days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL., government agent.  Revelstoke, October 23rrL 189a -  Notice is-hereby given that Duncan Gilchrist, Charlca  Rossitcr, and Frank Leslie Fitch have filed the necessary  papers and made application for-a crown grant in" favor of  a mineral claim known as the "Union," situated in tho  Hot Springs sub-division, Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, arc notified to forward their  objections to me within sixty days from date of publication.                          G. C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  -     Revelstoke, October Sth, 1890. :   Notice is hereby.given that, the Revelstoke Mining Com-,  par.v has filed the necessary papers and made application  for a crown grant in favor of the mineral claim known aa  tlie United, situated in. the Mot Springs camp, Kootenay  lake. .      _ .  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to mc within GO days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  _RevoLstokc, October 23rd, 1890.       Notice is hereby given that S. IT. Cross, G. W. Coplen.  and E. E. Alexander have filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim, known as the Morning, situated on Toad mountain.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to tile their objections with me within GO davs from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL. gold commissioner.  Nelson, November 10th, 1890. ,     .  Notice is hereby given that S. IT. Gross, G. W. Coplen,  and E. E. Alexander have tiled the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the Evening, situated at Toad Mountain,  West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to forward their  objections to me within sixty days from date of publication. G. G. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Nelson, November 10th. 1890.  ������������������������������a_______________ai__ra :i;l  ���������F'.f  .(-.]  > -i  THE MINER:    NELSON,  B.   0.,  SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE 20.  1890.  V  ���������J-l  -i .-,.-  .-���������!-  7i ;���������  ������  ���������4a  ���������''.rj  mi.  ���������<���������!  :-'���������  &  Tins Miner is printed on Saturdays, and tviLL be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months $2.50, one year ft.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  ���������'rate'of ������3 an inch (down tlie column) per month.   A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient A d vertisements will be inserted .for  15 cents a'.ii'ne for the first insertion-' and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  'Birth Notices  kkek if weight of child is given; if  ��������� . . ' weight is not   given,'$1  will be   charged.    Marriage  announcements will be charged from .fl to $10���������-according to the social standing of tlie bridegroom.  Job ..-Printing in  good style at fair rates.   Cards,.  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  -,' in stock.'- '������������������;'-,   . ���������'���������',;:.-''  Letters totuk Editor will only ai-pkar over-the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters :  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  Authorized Agents :   Henry Anderson, Ainsworth;  ���������       James  Delaney  and   James   Gibson,, Spokane -Falls;  J.--H. Matheson, Donald;  E. S: Topping, Trail Creek;  F. B. Wells, Revelstoke.  EUITOIitlA L   REiUAKKS.  During the last six  months The Miner has  many times mentioned the name of Joe Wilson, and always in connection with some work  or some enterprise that ended in benefit to the  people of the lake country.    This week it chronicles his untimely death.   He was endowed with  many traits of character that could not but help  make   him   friends.     Amid   his   worries   this  summer���������and no  man  in   all the lake country  had more just causes of worriment���������he was always   even-tempered   and   good-natured,  with  uot a single unkind word for those who worried  him most.    He was not a man to shirk hardships or privations, and -never required an employe to undertake more difficult, work than he  was willing to undertake himself.     He had a  self-imposed  task  of furnishing  the people of  the lake country with needed winter supplies,  and in endeavoring to keep faith with the people, he lost his life.    A sad ending for one who  was just getting a foothold among men after  years of buffeting with hard luck.    Tonight all  that was mortal of Joe Wilson lies in a grave  on a. hillside overlooking the treacherous waters  of the lake  in  which he met death,  but close  to the little town  which he did so much to upbuild, and in which there is not. a man who does  not either mourn or regret his loss.  A writer in the Toronto World is in favor of  placing an export duty on Canadian ores, so as  to enable Canadians to get a share of the wealth  realized in reducing the ores of Western Ontario and British  Columbia.    The Miner- does  not agree with, the World writer.     Canadians  take so little interest in  the .mineral-resources  of the sections above  mentioned, that these resources would lie undeveloped for ages if it was  not for the American prospector and capitalist,  who alone appear to be alive to the great wealth  hidden   in   our   '-mountains.      It   will  be   time  enough  to place an  export duty on ores when  the extent of these ore-bodies are determined, but  until   such   time  American   capital   and   labor  should   be  given   a   free" field.    .Smelters   and  other manufacturing industries connected with  mining will be started  in  Canada when it will  pay to start them, and not before, export, duty  or no export duty.    The export duty on logs did  hot transfer a single large wood manufacturing  establishment from  the United States to Canada, and an   export duty on ore would have a  similar result.    If Canadians must have a share  of the wealth made in reducing ores, they must  invest money in the business. It would be unfair to compel the Canadian prospector and  mine-owner to remain in poverty for an indefinite period merely to give capitalistic Canadians a chance to embark in a business that  the American capitalist is ready and'willing, to'  embark in today. _____  It cost James M. Keilie just $70.95. to be  elected to the ^legislative assembly from West  Kootenay, that amount being disbursed for the  following: Stationery'$8.05/'telegram.85 con ts,  printing $7, traveling expenses 7$60.05'.... How  much did it costlieutenaiit-colonel James Baker,  the government candidate in East Kootenay?  Under the laws of British Columbia the person who acquires title to land is not entitled to  the precious metals  that may be discovered oh  such land, the precious metals going to the discoverer under the provisions of the mineral act.  If,gi-avel carrying gold should -bediscovered on  a farm at Chilliwhack or quartz carrying silver  be discovered on pasture land in the neighborhood of Vernon, the owner of the land could not  lay claim to a dollar's worth of the gold Or the  silver taken from such land;    He would be only  entitled to  recover a sum for damages to  the  surface rights of his property.    If this is the law  as regards ownership in a farm0 or in a tract of  pasture land, it should be the law as regards the  ownership   in  any land  within   the   province.  There should be no distinctions made or partiality shown. At the last session of the legislative  assembly certain railway companies���������companies  that have not expended a dollar in actual construction work���������-were,granted aid to the extent  of 20,000 acres of land to the mile.     The land to  be taken in alternate blocks on each side of the  line of railway, and each block of land to have a  frontage on the line of railway of 20 miles, so  that the  land  granted   by the government on  one side of the line of railway shall be opposite  to a like 20 miles of land retained  by the government on the other side of the line of railway.  But not satisfied with this liberal land grant,  . the' promoters  of   these   railways   must   have  more.    They must have something allowed no  other owner of land.    This the government very  unwisely granted them, being urged to do so by  the members from Cariboo, Lillooet, and Kootenay���������members who apparently were willing to  hopelessly involve the province so that railways  would only be built through their respective districts.    Besides the land grant, the lieutenant-  governor in council may grant to the aided companies, upon condition of their complying with  their respective acts of incorporation, the right,  for 25 years from completion of their respective  railways, to exact and collect a percentage not  exceeding 5 per cent over and above working  expenses on gold and silver extracted from ores  which   may  be  found  upon  any of the  lands  granted the companies.   The railway companies  are therefore given rights that are not accorded  other landowners, and for what reason? Merely  to aid a lot of speculators (like colonel Baker of  East Kootenay) who have not enough money to  build a mile of railway to sell charters to men  who have.  Railways will be built-in British Columbia  when there is business to justify their building,  and not before. No industry should be placed  at the mercy of a railway corporation, and railway companies should be granted no privileges  not granted to others. The people of the section  of country traversed by a railway pay tribute to  that railway in the way of fares for passengers  and freights on produce and merchandise, and  they should not be allowed to collect a royalty  on the profits of a mine no more than a royalty  on the profits of a farm, or,a stone quarry, or a  general store. The legislation was ill-advised,  and if not repealed will be a source of endless  litigation if the roads granted the aid are ever  ��������� .built.' ��������� ��������� - ' '���������}'��������� - -   '    .-.���������  The member of the Dominion house of commons from Yale-Kootenaydistrict is largely interested in a steamboat line that is part and  parcel of a transportation company that was  granted 200,000 acres of land by the provincial  legislature last winter. It is generally supposed  that he'''controls both,, the Kamloops Sentinel  and its offshoot, the'Revelstoke,.Star. The latter is fearful that if the people of the Kootenay  Lake mining camps resist the illegal demands of  ' O    '' ' ' G .-'        ��������� ��������� '  this transportation company that the resistance  will embarrass and retard the developmerit of  our mines.   It says that the transportation company is not in the habit Of acquiring rights and  giving them up without a struggle, and that a  contest  with  it in   the  courts Would  not end  short  of  the  privy  council.     The  Star  would  have the people of this section of West Kootenay lie down and be trampled to death, merely  because of their coming in  contact with a corporation   "managed by a man of commanding  " genius, who  is  more  powerful in Canada at.  "the   present   moment than   any minister, or  " even a whole cabinet of ministers."   The people  of  the  Kootenay Lake camps  knOw their  rights, and believe in maintaining them against  the  encroachment of all  corporations,   even if  the   corporations are managed   by such  com-  mandihg geniuses as W. C. Van Home and J.  A. Mara.  In   commenting-���������for  the  first  time������������������on   the  action of the government in placing reserves on  the 4-mile-square blocks of land selected by the  Canadian   Pacific, under their grant of 200,000  acres for building the branch railway from Nelson to Sproat, the Revelstoke Star says:    "The  " course   which   the  Canadian   Pacific  railway  " has pursued heretofore with  the land grants  " which it has secured has been to turn them  " over  to  the Dominion in pledge for govern-.  '' in en t aid.    An d al th o ugh th i s manner of r eal-  " izing on its land subsidies has been with the  "Dominion   government   hitherto,   we  do  not  " see why the provincial government  may not  " adopt a similar policy concerning  the lands  " granted the Nelson and Sproat branch.    The  " Star did not originally approve the granting  " of these lands, but since it has been done, and  "rights have been acquired which cannot be re-  " called at will, nor without a long and acrim-  " onions contest  that, even   if successful,  will  " embarrass and delay   the   prosperity  of  the  " districts affected for many years, it seems to  " us that the amicable way to settle the difn-  " culty should be patiently sought for."    From  the above, it would seem that the Star is willing  that the  railroad  company  should be allowed  everything  it   claims;   it would allow the railway company to obtain a shadowy title to every  foot of mineral land within the blocks applied  for; it would allow the railway company all the  available shore  rights  on    Kootenay lake;   it  would do all this for fear of embarrassing and  delaying the prosperity of the districts affected.  The granting of these blocks  would have just  that effect, for it is a well-known fact that litigation is the bane of the mining industry, and  granting these blocks to the railway company  would be a continual source of vexatious squabbling between the miners __d the railway com  pany's   land  agents.  The  mining camps   on  gKf^l^  J *: !"_tR_,:.'*_  i*y*_w-i_  ������T������s  I  ..1-.VV  ���������fi/gi THE  MBTEE:    .NELSON, ��������� B.   0.,   SATURDAY,  DECEMBEE  20,   1890.  Dealers in Dry G-oods, 6-roceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is fall and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect G-oods  -���������I ;.-.'-'       - ." ,.!!.-'. ��������� and compare'-Prices. . ������������������'..-���������':���������' :> .'    ���������; .   ���������'���������'���������;''������������������'! ���������'..''��������� ���������'��������� . ��������� .'���������..'.'.<���������'���������'���������''���������  Main Street, EEYELSTOKE.  9 and 41 East Vernon Street, NELSON  Kootenay lake are in "no way indebted to the  Canadian0Pacific Railway Company for their  present state of development and prosperity,  and there-is-"no good reason why that company  should be placed in a position to monopolize  their carrying trade as well as acquiring !a  shadowy title to their mines. ,  The Miner believes in keeping-faith." with,  corporations as with individuals. The Columbia  &.. Kootenay Railway & Navigation Company  should be allowed to aequire title to every acre'  of The 200,000 acres, granted it for building 28  miles of railway and placing steamboats on the  Columbia river and Kootenay lake, but that  company should be required to make its- selections according to the letter and spirit of the  law, and not be allowed to select fractions of  land lvin_? between valuable mineral claims. It  should be compelled (o select its 10,240-acre ���������  blocks from unoccupied crown lands, and-not in  blocks that cover mineral claims, purchased  lands, preemptions, timber leases, and f ownsites.  If "the company made a bad bargain in asking  for and accepting 200,000 acres of land, it is no  concern of the people of the province. For  once a railway company should be made live up  to its agreements. Will tlie Robson government  compel the Columbia & Kootenay Railway &  Navigation Company to keep its agreements ?  WS.icf. _>oat ���������rev -.Hot in First?  There is a pretty good joke circulating about  the boys who came down from Ainsworth to  Nelson the fore part of the week to attend tlie  Cluirch-McKinnon trial. The party -was divided, into 2 boat crews, and they left Balfour  '.about an hour before dark. After dark a snowstorm set in and the boys became bewildered  and got turned around. One crew rowed until  tired Out, and finally made a. landing to ascertain their whereabouts., They lighted a- lire, to'  aid them in catching on to the lay of the land.  While catching on, the other boat -crew passed  them, and kept rowing until they reached Buchanan's saw-mill. At that place they came to  the conclusion that they had been rowing the  wrong way. The. party that built the lire, also  discovered their mistake, and started back in  the right direction, arriving at Nelson, sonic  time before daylight. The question is, which  boat crew, arrived at Nelson first:"  _>eaUi   of a  Lea*. I sag Ciiizes*   <>_" Uarn>������>o.  Cariboo  has lost  one of its  best men   in  the  death   of Joseph   Mason  at  Barkerville on  the  t)  nd. He awoke that morning in his usual good  spirits and apparently in good health; but about  8 o'clock, while talking with bis wife, fell dead  of heart disease. M!r. Mason for many years  was one of the leading spirits in the development of Cariboo, being- identified in  some way  .with almost "every enterprise carried on in the  'country. He was a native of 'Nottingham,  England, born in the year 1.839,-aiicl came to Victoria in 1852 by way 'of the" Horn. Foiir years  after he moved to Ca.riboo, where he engaged in  a general trading business, and by his enterprise  and energy soon won distinction and considerable wealth. He was at all times willing to aid  in any enterprise likely to promote the welfare  of Cariboo, and his generosity was proverbial  throughout the district, where he had hosts of  friends. He,:was chosen as a representative to  the legislative assembly in 1886, and returned at  the head of the polls ; and was again elected at  the last general election to represent. Cariboo.  As a, politician and a gentleman he was respected by all parties, and his presence in the  house will be missed. He leaves a wife and 2  children.   ,  ' "1V<!W" i?le������i_ea!  l>I.seoveries.  Sir Joseph Lister, in a speech at Kings college,  London, on  his return  from Berlin, announced  th at with i n an i o nth t h e "wo r 1 d would be s tar tl ed  by 2 new medical discoveries. He said that the  consumption cure hinted at and involved, the  cure and prevention of 2. of'the most contagious  diseases, and that..Koch had practically'con-'  eluded his work of discovery, but desired to  make further tests.  of men with small moans can operate with as good results,  in proportion to tho -money invested, a.s syndicates .of men  with largo capital; For such syndicates.there is no better,  property .to deal in than real cs'atc���������Nelson real estate at  that. A syndicate with a cash capital of ������500 can-purchase  ELEVEN LOTS IN NELSON," FIVE."'OF THEM-CORNERS, by applying to -HOUSTON, INK & ALLAN, II  East'-Baker street, Nelson.  Notice is lKToby given that application will he made to  the next legislative assembly of the province of British  Columbia, at its next session for an act to incorporal o a  company for the purpose of" constructing, maintaining,-  equipping, and operating telephone lines within the town-  sites of Nelson and Sproat's Lauding and tlie district between said townsiles; and also wit,Inn the townsite of  Vernon and surrounding dist rief.  CORBOUId), MeCObb & JUNNS,  Solicitors for a.pplica.nfs.  Dated this 1st December, 18U0.  During inyaliscncc from Kootenay, T. Vincent Thurburn  of Baker street holds my power-of-afforncy, and Mr. Saunders of Balfour to act as my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms'of the land act.  CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. 0., November 25th, 1800.  H00YEE & CEi_DDQGI;  '���������-.���������'."��������������� NcJsoil,   IS;   IV ������������������-  Dealers in all kinds of Farm Produce  ""���������HAY AND GRAIN.-  Consignments of Fresh Fruit will  be  Received Weekly  .  from 'Spokane Falls. !.,.  ���������- .,     -'-.'.' - .- v -,'���������  GOOD CORRAL AND STABLSNG.  All accounts due and all  bills against the late firm-of  Cook & Hoover will be settled by the above firm.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District,'B. C.    . '  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery,'Clothing,. Stationery, Etc.," Etc.  Persons buying from-us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  .TIMBER.*'LEASE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days affer date I intend  making application to chief commissioner of lands and  works'for permission to lease for timbering purposes, for a  term of ten years, the undermentioned -tract of! land near  Nelson, West Kootenay district, situated as follows: Commencing at tlie southeast corner post of niy present limit,  thence running south 100 chains, thence .west'100 chains.'  tlience north 100 cliains, thence east, 100 chains, to pointer  commencement; containing 1000 acres more or less.-  ��������� M.S. DA V VS, for Nelson Sawmill Company.  u   Nelson, B. C. November 4th, lS'K).  T have discontinued selling lots in Balfour for the winter  'months.     This will give an ppporl unity for holders to improve the shining hours of winter by selling to their friends'  outside. '' CMARLKSWFSTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B.C., November 2;lth, 1S:)().  Application for Water Eight.  . Thereby give notice of my intention to apply to the honorable chief com in is-ion or of lands and works-for au'horify  to lake three hundred inches of water' from a. spring of  'water now flowing in-throe branches through my preemption near Nelson, in West Kootenay district, at any point  from its source or throughout, my .preemption, to be conveyed across the land re-crved by tho government, and my  preemption, to any portion of my said preemption or the  town of Nelson, where wai er will bo required for irrigal ion,  rnn.nufaet uring, nulling, and household purposes; for a  term of ninet v-nine years. .1. 1). TOWNLFY.  Nelson, October 22ud, 1S00.  Application for Water Eight.  T hereby gi\'e notice of my intent ion to a.nply to 'he honorable chief commissi oner of lands and works for a ;thoriiy  to lake one thousand inches of water from Cottonwood  .Smith crock, near Nelson, in West Kootenay district;  commencing at, a point where the said Cottonwood Smith  crock first; enters my preemption or at. any point, where it  .flows through or at its exit from my preemption or thereabouts, to be conveyed through the la ids reserved by tlio  government, and my preemption to any portion of the said  (own of Nelson where water will be rerpiired for milling  manufacturing, and household purposes for a term oi  ninetv-nine years. J. I). TOWN LEY.  Nelson, October 22nd, 1.800.  im.u_l_llim_____-_ll_________^  wmMmmmMmmmmmmm$mmmmmmi 6  THE; MINER:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,  DECEMBEE  20,   1890.  J"������IS���������ONTENTE_&    I50"VS    IN    THE  ..CO-iVJTlEY.  1-i  iftt  ���������H':  ���������tilt}-  i|:  Sandy Thomas lived on a farm in the conn try,  and, although  many boys would have -thought  themselves fortunate in having such a home, he  was about as discontented a fellow as could be  ������������������''.'���������.found. . .       ���������.>������������������:'  Some of the city boys, who had visited him  during the summer vacation, told hhn that he  was "green," thai: he would be very foolish to  remain on a farm all his life, and that if he had  any spirit about, him he would go to the city,  where he would have an opportunity of seeing  life as it should be seen.  Sandy's father wanted him to remain at honuv  learn to be a farmer, and settle down on the  homestead as he himself had done. But Sandy  would not heed the advice. He was thoroughly  discontented as many another co i i n try boy has  been, and his one purpose in life was to get into  some city where he could wipe but the stain of  "greenness," which he .fancied- everyone could  -. see.'; - -        --''...'''  He. finally succeeded i n doing as h e wan ted to;  a friend of his father procured for hiin a situation in a store where he could earn a trifle more  than sufficient to pay for his board, and he left  ....... ��������� o -  the broad acres, whereon he had toiled with a  heavy heart because-of his longing to get to the  city, without a single regret at parting from  the dear ones at home. The farm liouse.nest-  ling among the trees at the foot of the hill,  looked dingy and shabby as he drove away from  'it to-"see-life as it should be seen," and in the  ripening grain and fruit he saw nothing but reminders of ignoble toil. According to Sandy's  belief, life in the country was hardly less than a  form of slavery,while it was only in the city  that happiness could be found.  Now hoy's,, and' more especially you country  boys, who are beginning! to think just as Sandy  Thomas thought, I want to tell you how he was  disappointed m all his bright dreams, and if you  are wise you will profit by his experience. '",;  He found a hoarding place,-where the stuffy  room, which "was quite as good as any his fellow  clerks had, offered a poor contrast to his cosy  little chamber at home, fragrant with lavender-  scented linen, and as tidy as the apartment in  the city was disorderly.  Instead of looking out over fields of waving  grain, tasseled corn, or nodding buckwheat to  the lofty hills beyond, when he was in his room  he could see only a. brick wall hardly 50 feet  away. Instead of the fragrance of .the flowers  he had the odor of garbage from the unswept  streets, and instead of being lulled to sleep 'by  the e h i rp in g oft h e c r i ck e ts a n d th e p 1 ain t i v e  cries of the katydids, he was kept awake by the  rattle of carts and rumbling of the streetcars.  At the table,-the difference between the food  prepared by the servants in the boarding-house  and that cooked by his mother was so disappointing that it seemed to him that he could  never eniov a meal again until lie. could, get one  at home.  But all this was necessary training ; he would  rid himself of what the city boys called "greenness."  Sandy had been told that a boy on a farm is  obliged to work, harder tli.an one in a store in the  city.    He could see little or no difference, save  that in the former  case he labored in the open  air, .where-everything was bright and healthful  around, while in  the city he was shut from the  sunlight   and    deprived   of   the    health-giving  breezes, laden  with  the perfume  of fruits and   j  flowers.    At   night instead of joining with  the   j  boys from the neighboring farms in husking or   j  paring bees, candy pulls, coasting or skating, he   j  was. forced.-to  remain   in  his .cheerless  room or   j  walk   about   the   streets,    where   the   bustling   ;  crowds,  intent   only on   business or  their  own    i  pleasure, caused, him   to  feel even   more lonely  than when he was entirely alone. ;  He was not many days in learning that lie had   !  been  green  onlv   from  the   city   bovs' stand-  point, and  that, so far as country life, was concerned, they were the ones who were green.  After he had "seen life." according to tlie  ideas of his city friends, he wrote to his father,  and the following is an extract from his letter:  "I am coming home to work on the farm. I did  think   that  such labor was almost   degrading;  but I find that it is quite as honorable, and certainly more manly than doing a woman's work  behind a counter. You need never fear that I  shall ever again want to exchange the independent farm life for that of the city, and I am "sure  that to be called green will trouble me no more.  It is better,'.'I think, to be of those who produce  'something in this world than of those who depend 'upon'the production of cithers; and I now  think that there can be no more manly calling  than that of a farmer."  Sandy vvent home, and he was wise in so doing, as wise as you will be, boys, if you remain  on the farm, where you have the proud consciousness that you are doing far more good in the  world than if you were "seeing life" in the city.  What would become of the people in this world  i'f all the ..farmers should suddenly conclude that  tillmtr the ground was hot .a sufficientlv noble  !; callhtg?.-, ,.',.'. fc'.��������� .   .  ! When you are discontented with your lot,  boys, remember that it is the farmer upon  whom all the people in the world depend for the  actual necessaries of life; then you will understand that no calliiTg0 can be more honorable  than that which is actually and in fact the  mainspring of the whole.  Is Colonel -Sakci* Training''Tor the dominion House?..  A correspondent of the Victoria Times, writing from. Ottawa, under date of November 24th,  says:    "Colonel Baker, M. P. P. for East Kootenay, British Columbia, is now in Ottawa, accompanied by mrs. Baker.    He has been a resident of British Columbia for 6 years ahd 4 of  these he has been in the local legislature.    His  visit to Ottawa is in connection with some railway enterprises in which he is  interested.    In  regard to politics colonel Baker says that three-  fourths of the supplies imported into the province are from the United States, and that consequently the demand for reciprocity with the  United  States  is  exceedingly  strong.     In   his  opinion, and  he speaks  with   no doubt on  the  subject,    the    trade    question     there    will    be  the great issue at the next general election for  the federal house.   Indeed, he says that only reciprocity advocates will be elected.    In the recent elections to the legislature the question at  issue was land reform, and the people are deter-  in ined to tax the speculators out of the province  and encourage genuine capitalists and investors  who are willing to employ labor.    There were,  however, no distinct political principles between  the two parties in provincial politics.   In federal  matters, however, the reciprocity question  was  certain to make the parties the same in British  Columbia as they are in Ontario and elsewhere  in the Dominion, and the  issue will remain  between them until it is finally settled."  French Champagne.  Prospectors who are afraid that, by the time  they get their claims sold, there will be no  champagne, with which to "celebrate," can take  heart from the following reassuring information:  The-champagne vineyards of France yield on an  average nearly 10,000,000 gallons of wine annually. Only a small portion of th is is con verted  into yin moussenx annually, the inferior growths  supplying ordinary table wine for the in habitants of Ihe district, except in years of great  scarcity, when they are utilized by some of the  shippers. At present there are 75,000,000 bottles  of sparkling champagne in the cellars of the  shipping houses, which also contain 4,000,000  gallons in casks. So that champagne drinkers  are not likely to go thirsty as long as their  money holds out. The annual sale  only 20,000,000 bottles.  average  '.Of Interest to  Importers of Mining Machinery.  It lias been decided by the Canadian authorities at Ottawa to require the importers of mining machinery to take a, special oath before the  officers of the customs whenever a free entry is  rendered. The oath is as follows: "I, the undersigned, importer of machinery mentioned in  this entry, do solemnly swear that it is mining  machinery within the true sense of the word,  and that at the time of its importation it was of  a class and kind not manufactured in Canada,"  adding the class of mining for which it is to be  used, and the name of the mines.  NELSON and SPE0AT;  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at any mine in, the  district.    Orders from lake points promptly-filled. '���������'���������'  ���������'running' between Nelson and Sproat, and between Nelson  and -'adjacent mines.    "VVill contract to deliver  mining machinery on any mine-in  tlie district.  All Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  ,-���������������������������. promptly forwarded to destination.  corral: and stabling  at both Nelson and Sproat, where saddle animals can bo  hired and job wagons engaged.  ftELSOI 0PFI0E AND MAEKET:  .SI  Canadian Pacific Eailway  ATTX?    AT A TiTmCT A T     _"rr������T_"nT A V **���������'  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Through, Passenger  Service from. Ocean to Ocean,  _TO   CHA1SFGES.  LOWEST EASES TO ALL POINTS  To'secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay _aB.e."Shippei*s will be consulting   their   own   interests  by shipping by the  The:Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  STEALER    "8 v-ttt_~_i_������  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  VANCOUVER, g rnvno_>r_r_^____-__,  NEW WESTMINSTER, %\ ^^^jfl-F-P'    ��������� ���������    co     ������_> -L -   _tr___ l_J ___,  VICTORIA, 3 lc__zic.__.c3-o/  AND   ALL POINTS  EAST.  Por rates,  maps,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,  apply  to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D.E.BROWN,  G'c'n-1 Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gcni Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B. C.  JASVieS   fVlcDONALD   &   CO-  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture.'' Parlor' and bed-room sets ranging in  price from ������G.o0'to $500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  MA\H STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  ������__3*3^553__3^  *\������ V. .  s /���������*������>  a^pt   ��������� .r ���������  *������  '_J*A r i f^-- /v*ww������*������ ,v������w7������K������r*(rtrju!fris_ ows_c*=_,-:fauij|  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.  C,   SATUEDAY;  DECEMBEE  20,  1890.  Br-1  .1  K '  Oor. Baker and Ward Sts:  NELSON, B.C.  H.  ���������&--'.T.   MADDEN  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with  a frontage  towards Kootenay river, and  is  newly  furnished throughout.,  _? _E_ __        _? ___. _3 __ __  is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED  WITH   THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TWO-STORY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor tor  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE   TABLE   IS   NOT   SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  "The  Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District."  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets.  NKLSOtf, n. ���������.  JOHMSO  AH'ONEY,  P R OP RI "E T O R S.  The reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  CiCEASI    OF   THE,   WOKXETS   '_ BWS.  News has been received .from Cape Town that a Portuguese force has seized Mataea's kraal at Maniea,, 'South'  Africa, and hauled down the British iiag, replacing it with  ( the flag of Portugal. Subsequently the police of the,Brit-  ' ish South company'surprised and defeated the Portuguese  and replaced the British flag. Two of the Portuguese-  leaders-were, captured by the police and conveyed to Fort  Salisbury. The Portuguese government pretend, to be  greatly surprised at this outbreak of hostilities. .":'  The Bank of England rate of discpunt was reduced to 5  per cent at"the beginning of this month.  The body of the late king of Holland has been interred at  Delpt.   The funeral ceremonies were very impressive.  The Irish Amcrioansof Kansas City have had a meeting  and  passed  resolutions   of   confidence in   Parnell, at tlie  ? same time denouncing what they call the attempt to degrade him.  It is intimated that inr. Billon, is only president of the  Union Pacific temporarily, or until .lay Gould can find a  competent man to be the'active head of the company or  its general manager. Mi\ Gould would probably raise mr/  ��������� Hughiit's'$51),000 salary if he could secure him. The October statement presented to the directors "was as laconic as  it was interesting. It read about,as follows : Increase in  , earnings, ������10,000; increase in, expenses, ������490,000; decrease  .in net, ������1S0,000, as compared with October, .1889.  Lord Thomas Francis Freeman tie Cottcsloe. is dead.  Lord Cottcsloe: was twice secretary of the treasury, also  secretary of war and chief secretary for Ireland.    lie was  92 years,of age. ���������;/���������:':   . .-'  Mayor AVhite of Seattle upon opening his mail last week  . found inclosed in a letter from Boston's mayor a check for.  !������6 to aid the sufferers by the scorching the town received  more than a year ago.  The Canadian government has 'ordered'the, mounted  police to patrol the international boundary line from Bed  river west and prevent any Indians from crossing the line.  BradlauglTs amendment to the imperial house, disapproving of the government's proposal to commute hereditary pensions at 27 year's purchase, was defeated 185 to ,1.52.  Edward W. Evans, for 2 years foreman of the Vancouver  World, died of innamation of the bowels, the 28th of last  month in that city.  ' Mo'naghan & Murphy's oil house at Needles,, California,  was burnedbn the 27th ultimo.    Loss, ������7000. ���������       ,  M. Ranaud, managing director of the Ban que MStat, who  absconded and, it is said, committed suicide, carried away  with him a million francs. ������������������_,���������-���������  Dr. V. T. McGillycudy, former agent at the Pine Ridge-  Indian agency where the Sioux are reported to be on the  warpath, has telegraphed Herbert'Welsh that the newspaper reports of the Pine Ridge situation are misleading and  that matters are now under control, with a peaceable ending in view.    He will remain therefor the present.  France's latest budget reveals the very unsavory fact  that her national debt now exceeds 40,000,000,000 francs.;  The Chicago & Alton'through express called "The Hummer," was run into by a Wabash coal train at Jacksonville,  Junction,  Illinois, on the 4th.    Two passengers were in  stantly killed and (i others seriously hurt, some.of whom  may die.  A great strike of English cotton operatives is impending,  unless the employers concede aii advance of 5 per cent to  spinners, aud proportionately to other operatives. A conference between employers and employees is being arranged for. 'the movement embraces 42,000,000 spindles  and 00,000 employees.  Edmonton Bulletin, November 22nd: Donald McLeod  who arrived in town on Sunday from the end of .the track  reports that last Saturday the track was laid to within 3 or  4 miles.of lied Deer,,but was being delayed by the culverts  from therein to Red Deer not having been completed. Tho  work is going ahead rapidly, however, and it is expected  that the track will be laid into .Red Deer this week. It is  the intention, if possible, to carry it on to Blind Man tins  fall. Grading was completed to Barnctte with the exception of a space'of'about 2 miles and that will .'be finished  by the end of the week.  A.-report .'from tlie British consul-general at Uruquay  Avarns British emigrants against settling ;in that country,  whether.they are laborers, agriculturists, or artisans, as  they cannot compete With the Italians and Basques and  thcVniscrablo living,        ,  The amount of silver ottered -at the United .States treasury i)ii tlie 5th was I,,'-5.01,000.'ounces. The amount purchased wa.s 321,000 ounces, at ������1.05.45 to ������1.05.95.  Alaska's population, according to the official census  agent, is only 30,000.  Horrible atrocities' continue to be reported from Armenia. Three Armenians, of Bolanuk, were burned alive  on a heay) of their crops. Six Armenians of Ka'u. were shot  and robbed by'Kurds.- An.Armenian prisoner, named Al-  ted.'jan, was tortured horribly by tlie 'f urkish authorities,  'being burned with red-hot iron and his tongue pierced by a  dagger.  Advices from Chili represent tlie republic as in a very  .troubled, condition. President Balmacca declines to lake  any steps towards (lie conciliation of the majority in congress, and the strain between (he executive and legislature  is so great.-that a revolution is feared.  The. federal grand jury has returned.indictments against  .John "M. Egnn, president and general manager of the Chicago, St. Paul (_.- Kansas City railroad, Thomas' Miller,  general freight agent of-the Chicago, Burlington^ Quincy,  and J. St. .John, general freight agent of the Chicago, Itock  Islancl t_c 1 'aeific,. for giving a rebate to shippers.  Joe Coburn,a noted pugilist, died in New York city last  week, at. the age of a"). He was never defeated in an encounter with the noted men of his time, his last light being  with Jem IVlacencar Now Orleans. Coburn was of gcnlle-  rnanly appearance and address, and had the reputation-of  being- a very scientific boxer.  Armour & Co. of Chicago are reported as intending to  establish a branch packing-house at Toronto, Ontario.  The city election in Vancouver on the 8th resulted  in  returning 1). Oppenheimer as mayor for the fourth time. He  received 77(5 votes to. ex-alderman MeConnoH's 181. Sam  Brighouse and J. T. Carroll  were elected aldermen from  the 1st ward, A. Godfrey and J. F.Garden from the 2nd,  C. II. Ilobsdn arid William Tcmplcton. from the 3rd,William Brown and John McDowell from the 4th, and H.  lie Pencicr and Charles Dee ring from the 5th.  New Westminster re-elected J. C. Brown mayor with  202 votes to 191 for 'W..B. Townsend. The aldermen for  1891 are: Smithers, Walker, Scoullar, Ovens, Shiles, Sinclair,. Curtis, Gilford;.Keary, and Kennedy.  A>f Interest .to ..Sellers  and .Si:iI_eIi<)I<!ers.  A decision of considerable interest to "sporting men" was given try justice Walkem, in  chain tiers at Victoria on the 6th. Brown, the  defendant, is t lie '.-'proprietor of: t he Adelphi saloon, corner of Ya/tes and Government streets,  and   had   placed   in   his   hands  a  considerable  amount of.McLean money ���������seeking' investment  in connection with the Westminster 'man's recent race with H, Mackay in Victoria. A mah  nairied >Secley took tip $()() of this money, a man  named Fullerton $-10,and a. man named McDon-  nell $235, mr. Brown, of course, acting as stakeholder. Immediately after the race, which' was  given to McLean, tlie h> rushed to (he Adelphi,  arid demanded that the amount of their bet be  paid back to them, ('laiming 'that' the race was  "fixed." This^request mtv Bro'wii refused to  comply with, unless by an order of the supreme  court. The matter then passed into;coiirt, and  the stakeholder was compelled to pay over the  money, and costs of the action in addition. It  was set forth that betting is not a bona fide.  transaction ; it is nominally illegal, although no  penalty is attached. If a bet be made and the  money posted, and if either party demand the  return of his money while it is still in the hands  of the stakeholder, his request must be obeyed.  If tlie money has been paid t o .the''.winner0of the  bet it cannot be followed. The merits of the 3  cases did not call for investigation.  Vernon-Street, near Josephine,  .NS3LSON,  B. .���������;.  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE  TABLE  is  acknowledged   the  best  in the mountains.  TZEEZE   _B___^,  is stocked  with, the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except IIiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  rPBAIL CHEEK, B. C.  w. ae. B������ou_iTOiV.    .... rieo-'imwoit  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the/Trail Creek  mining district, its propriotorboing a caterer of ex'perience.  The fable will always he supplied with the best of everything, obtainable. The bar is .stocked with choice liquors  and'cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure rye  whiskies.   'Good stabling for animals.  JL __L  IM-VKLSTOKK,  BS. ������'.  GEANITEWAKE  AND  LAMP  GOODS.  Tin, Copper, and Sheet-Iron Ware Made to Order.  First-class work guarantcd.    Particular at,tention[paid  to  mail orders from   mining camps.  3������f  -rre:-.r..j.������'..J.-.-_..^-.,.':."s:~;  "S^^i*??.?.  n 8  THE  MIrTEE:    EELSON,   B.   0.,  SATUEDAYr DECEMBEE  20/1890.  i.'-i'  t  Main Street,  REVELSTOKE  Eailroad Avenue,  SPROAT.  ���������V\7-_E_:OXJ_I3S___X___   ____NT_3   _R__ _?__.!__  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  SMALL   NIK-GETS    OF  NEWS'.  o    '  '    '  Thomas Dunlap, an old timer in this province, died suddenly at Sproat on Wednesday after an illness of several  weeks. He was suffering from consumption, and a violent  lit of coughing ruptured a blood vessel. He followed pack-  ���������-t ing for a ^livelihood, and ran a small train between Sproat  and Nelson last year and the early part of this. He has a  sister living in Ontario.'  The Galena came in on time on Tuesday', (to the surprise  of many) with the heaviest cargo of freight brought in this  year. It was made up of bacon, flour, and oats, but no  coal oil. On leaving, captain Hay ward said if the coaloil  was at the landing when he got back to Bonner's Ferry,  that he would run it down to the head of the lake, and if  the weather looked favorable would come through to  Nelson..  The Davys & Tolson saw-mill had to close down because  of the-failure of the water supply���������the mill being run by a  Pclton: wheel. Tbe balance of the lumber for the Mara  steamboat will be whipsawed, men now being engaged at  the work.  Sam Green of Sproat is now an uncle, bis brother ''Bob"  of Iliecillewact being made the 'father of a first daughter  on November 29th.  Revelstoke Star, 6th : John Dunn, an old timer in British Columbia, and last year running the pack train to Big  Bend, has got into poor health, and started Thursday  evening for Kamloops, where he -will enter the hospital.  A few friends contributed the funds to pay bis fare, and a  few "bits" for pocket money.  Balfour now boasts a store, as well as a hotel. The store  is run by Tho mas _. Sanders.  Billy Perdue made the trip from his claim at Trail Creek  to Nelson���������-60 miles���������in less than 21 hours. He left his  cabin after dinner on Friday and was in Nelson at half  past 12 on Saturday, coming through on horseback. He reports the trail between '1 rail Creek and Sproat in bad condition, c  Selous & Lewis, who have the excavation contract at  the rapids below Nelson, have finished up all the work  that can be done to advantage at present. The stage of  water in February will permit of the work being completed.  On Monday a gang of men will begin the work of taking  out.piling for the railroad .wharf, and-docks. The timber  will be obtained up the outlet above "Bogustown."  In running back to Sproat one day this week the. engine  used on construction work slipped a tire, and it was  feared that a 10-day delay would be the result. However, the lake country has first-class,mechanics,-and one  of them, Gavin Andrews, fixed the tire, and the engine is  running again as usual.  So far this winter the Canadian Pacific has had no trouble with the snow in the Selkirks, splendid weather being  reported. When.the main line of that great road is moved  south to the Nelson route, such rolling stock as snow-plows  will be replaced with observation cars, and snow-bucking  crews with freight handlers.  The piers and false-work for the first 100-foot span and  the main span of the railroad bridge across the Kootenay  are ready for the superstructure. 'I he track is laid up to  the bridge. The right-of-way is being cleared "through  Nelson.  Thursday morning captain Hayward ran the Galena to  the Idaho's wrecked barge, and spent 2 hours in attempting to overturn it. After breaking all the lines on the boat  the job was given up.  The weather for the last 7 days has ranged from the dry  erispinoss of northern Arizona to the wet slushiness of the  Coast. Snow fell to the depth of 3 or 4 inches, but the  streets of Nelson arc now as bare as tlie local pages of  the Calgary and Fort Macleod oapors are barren of interesting- news.  No Fear of a  Scarcity  of Bfcecf.  The Idaho returned on Thursday to make  another attempt to right the overturned barge.  The stanchions would be sawed off, if possible,  go as to let the roof drop to the bottom of the  Jake. The barge could then be towed from the  wreck and drowned cattle and overturned. If  the stauchions could not be sawed, the barge  would  then   be  towed   to   Pilot  bay and over  turned at the Davies-Sayward saw-mill. As  soon as it can. be got ready, the Buchanan  barge will be towed down to the boundary and  loaded with cattle, Billy Perdue superiiitending  the work. There need be no fear of a scarcity  of beef during the winter, as even if the Kootenay river does freeze over the cattle can be  driven to the head of the lake, and either loaded  there or killed. Mr. Perdue was with Joe Wilson last year, and is a man who will not allow  ordinary'difficulties to balk-him.  _.' ���������  How ii   Purser   and   a   Chinaman   Filled   a  BJoiler.  A  pretty.'good story on  Arthur  Dick comes  from the upper country.    Mr. Dick is the genial  commander of the stern wheel steamer Marion,  a steamer that has for a purser the ex-proprietor  of   the ''Rustle   house"  at "Ward's crossing  of  the Kootenay. Before making their first trip  down the Columbia, Dick hired a "Chinaman to  pump water! into the boiler, and asked the  purser to keep time on the Mongol slave. No  man on the Columbia can distinguish the denomination of a bank-note quicker than the  purser, but he knows no more about a steamboat boiler than he does about Gaelic. Tbe  Chinaman kept a pumping, but for some reason  the water did not rise very fast iii the water-  gauge. Captain Dick, relying on the purser to  have everything in readiness for an early start,  did not appear on deck until early the next  morning. He found the Chinaman pumping  a. w a y, th e p u is e r b Ian k in g th e, Chi n a in a n f o r  not pumping faster, and the water running nut  of the boiler through a drain tap as fast as it  was pumped in. The captain and the purser  have no.t been on terms of friendly intimacy  since. ���������_    , -  _____  Silver $1.04 1-4 ; Lead $4.55.  On the 5th bar silver was quoted at $1.01^ an  ounce in New York, and lead at $4.55 a hundred  pounds. '  BALFOUR  9  DEALERS IN  O- IR O O _C_^I_E] S  AND  SUPPLIES P0E PE0SPE0T0ES AND MINEES.  BALFOUR,  located as it is at the outlet of Kootenay lake, will  be easily accessible during the winter to all  tlie mining districts on  the lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON.  Notice is hereby given that all persons having accounts  collectible from the estate of John T. Beftus, deceased, are  required to forward me a detailed statement of such indebtedness within 30 days of the date of publication of this  notice. W. GESNER ALLAN.  Nelson, B. C, December 20th, 18i)0.  4  AND  NAW JACKE  AT  (Late  Walsh's)  15 EAST BAKER STREET.  NOW   OS   SALE  AT  Postoffice Store, Nelson, B. 0.  NOTARY   PUBLIC.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. C.  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DRUGS,  PATENT  MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  CIGARS    AT    WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  v t  ^;r  ���������_ J*  df  w  _     .  ...     ���������        -      ;   - '       : " ___      _____   'T*"35=7,*������_.*r  ������_���������fcv :������ b���������"Y������ Tirv''"1' ~.l-iig'������i^M-ijr~~-r 1.'_L".*'JLv\.1"1 t "."!_-" *_i ���������'*  *''/",'" T^~**_r^^~~.'yrg"n*~"f''*?V"h"' *7 " ���������-������������������l,il ���������_.,���������;- .."~j������\ 7*iiv,���������v������ vk-���������������'.?��������� ^ -.{"nT"-?* ���������rt 7���������f:~7';>','"~" "   -������H_' ���������;��������� V"' .. ���������&.'k*'-.if.'\^t',i''--  *&W .'4;* "n1, i'S11''"*' ',i'J";"&"-v^"~������r~~Jr "    ST-_~B-. in "���������I;y ;, *_. ,; ."     . .5. .r. .-

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