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The Miner Dec 13, 1890

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 I'.WjIWHH ���������!������>"*< <i*OWIW^i  CTwraiimwmiim'iii iriiiMiiiiiHrtwHBWW^ftMWBg  /t  ���������9  11,  V-  ^  f    /���������  f ��������� f -7  XJ  Only -.'Paper.  Printed' in tfie  Kootenay Xak'e- Mining  Districts."'.  For' Rates ���������  of Subscription and  .   . Advertising. '���������'  See Fourth  Page.  NUMBEE 26.  KELSON,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE   13,,  1890.  $4 A YEAE.  i  ���������������  li.f  MINING,   NEWS    FROM'". HOT   SPRINGS-    DISTRICT.  In Hot Springs district the most important  recent event, in a mining way, was the drainage of the upper workings of the No. 1 through  an upraise run from the 400-foot tunnel. The  ''.'.- incline shaft tapped by the upraise is down 175  feet, and was nearly full of water. Before  reaching the shaft a. 6-foot body of ore was encountered.. About 2 feet of it Is..almost solid'  ore, the remaining 4 feet being intermixed  gangue and ore.   Strange to say, the wire silver,  for which the mine is noted, is not found in the  solid ore, but in the mixed ledge   matter'.    The  ore body vvillhe" followed during the winter.   At  the United, the hoisting machinery is in place,  the   whistle being blown for the first time on  Saturday last.    The United shaft is down 60 feet,  water  standing in   it to   within   a   few feet  of  the   top.     The   pump   lowered   it   I   feet   the  first   hour   the /machinery., was'  run.      When  pumped out, drifting both ways from the bottom of the shaft will be comnieneecl  and kept  up for a time;   then sinking the shaft will  l)e  resumed with 3 shifts.   Ten men will be worked  on the No. 1 and 12 on  the United, both mines  being superintended by John   Thompson.    Development work on the Old Timer iscontinuecl  with considerable  vigor, and  with pretty good  assay-.results.    From 8 assays the following returns were had :    (1) Red carbonates, 46 ounces  in silver; (2) coarse cube galena, 32 ounces; (3)  fine steel galena, 41 ounces;   (4) sulphuret ore,  950 ounces ; (5).- white quartz mixed with galena,  160 ounces ; (6) brown   quartz   mixed  with galena, 120 ounces;   (7) zinc ore, 136 ounces ; (8) a  shipment of sulphuret ore, .384 ounces.    MeLeod  & Franklin   expect soon to begin development  work  on   the   Glengarry, a large  and  well-defined   fissure   vein   located   south   of   the   Old  Timer.   Robert Jackson is at work on the Mountain  Maid, and expects the face.of the tunnel  to be in ledge matter before Christmas.    On the  Dictator the tunnel is in 85 feet and work progressing favorably.    The winter supplies  have  been packed   to the   mine.     Frank   Fitch  and  John Smith claim to have struck 4 feet of -mineral on their new location, the Bella, situated a  short distance north of Wheeler's Patafm.    The  last of the, Skyline ore left Ainsworth  on  the  4th.    In all there were 1800 sacks.    It was shipped to the smelter at Anaconda, Montana;   The  United ore-house at the steamboat.'landing-at  Ainsworth is nearing completion.    It will have  a capacity of 2000 tons.  ^Within  Five  and  a Half Miles of Nelson..  On the Columbia & Kootenay, track is laid up  to vvithin half a mile of the bridge at the Kootenay crossing, and it is expected to be at the  bridge within a week, a long trestle causing the  delay.    The mairi ��������� c r i b - p i e r 'on the south side of  the river was 14 courses high on Wednesday,  and will be completed by the time the end of  the track arrives at the bridge-site. A new  camp is being established at the K-mile point,  and as soon as ready to house men, men will be  put at work' opening up the heavy rock  cuts between the; present 'headquarters'-'camp  and Nelson. A small gang of tracklayers will  be kept at work all. winter*, so that the end of  the track will always be close to the end of the  grade. As soon as a, crew can he got together,  the work of taking out 10,000 lineal feet of timber for wharf pilings will be commenced, borings now being, made to find the depth of mud  in the flats and river bottom.  IJttlc of   fin teres!  to   .Report- from   Toad   Mountain.  On Toad  Mountain the work ins: force at the  Dandy has been increased, owing to the difficulty  of handling seepage water. The shaft is down  nearly 40 feet, arid in ore that is said to be as  rich as any taken from the Silver King. The  Silver King tunnel made the usual headway  daring the week, the ground, if anything, being  a little  more favorable  for'-'working.':   On  the  north side of the river-,  and  a  short distance  above the railway bridge, a prospector-named'  Pounder has made a discovery that .promises to  be a big thing. The ledge is over 30 feet wide,.with  granite walls;' the vein  matter being dolomite  carrying-galena'and copper pyrites:    Mr. Pounder has gone to the coast to try and raise development money, and on  leaving said he,'would  not swap the "Alaska" for the best, corner lot in  Vancouver.    In the spring, a new trail will  be  made to the Rover Creek mines; one that will  be   shorter than the  present trail  and  not  so  rough.    It will follow up Reiver creek from the  government trail crossing, and have such a grade  as to allow the transportation of machinery by  pack animals.    It is the intention of the owners  of the Huntington mill now on the Golden King-  to remove it to the vicinity of the Whitewater  ground, that claim being the best developed on  Rover creek and having over a thousand tons  of ore in sight.  WILL    TDK    GOIKRXMEXT. "'-IIEI2D'     THE'   APPKAJL?'  MID-WINTER . PLACFR    STAMPEDES.''  Men will surmount all obstacles and undergo  any amount of suffering, and   hardship in  the  search for precious met als.    In the fall of 1879  rich placer ground was said to  have been  discovered  on   the  headwaters  of   the ��������� Skagit,   a  river flowing  into  Puget sound  at   a  point  a  short distance south of the international boundary line.    During the winter and early spring  adventurous men from all over the coast rushed  to  the supposed  rich  diggings.     The snow was  deep and the trails were over steep and high  mountains, yet these adventurers cared little for  these  obstacles,   so   long  as   they   could  reach  the   supposed   rich   diggings.      The  hardships  encountered   in   the   Skagit   excitement   were  again   encountered   in   the  winter   and   spring  of 1883-84 in the Cceur d'Alene stampede.    Adventurous men from all over the United States  and    Canada   started   for   the   new   Eldorado,  knowing littleof andcaring less for thedifficulties  to be overcome in making a trip over a mountain range through deep snow.   These stampedes  did    not   result   alike.       That   to    the   Skagit  ended in failure, the rich ground proving to be  but a few hundred feet in extent,  while.that to  the  Cceur d'Alenes has   resulted  in developing  one   of  the  best   mining  districts  in   America.  Date this fall good placer ground was discovered  on the hea.dwat.ers of the Salmon, a river whose  souree is but a few   miles distant.from  Nelson.  As soon as the location  of. the creek was definitely known, a number of claims were taken up  by  prospectors  from   adjacent  districts,   all'.of  whom predicted, great results in the spring.   A1-.  though   Toad.-mountain   has. to   be. crossed   in  reaching the-ground,.and its summit is now' covered  with   several   feet,   of snow,   adventurous  prospectors  are  still   going   in   and   taking  up  ground, 7 claims being recorded this week, making 50 in all since the excitement began.  Tnc   Legerdemain   of Figures.  The Miner office is a. sort of dropping in place  for capitalists like Tom Collins and Joe Wilson..  If either' one of these worthies realize the profits  they say they  do   in   hauling   wood,   they ��������� are  making more, money, .on a; small investment,  than any oilier 2 men in the lake country. But  at times Tom'gets his figures .badly mixed, and  ��������� is not sure on which side of the ledger to enter-  the profits. The other night he told Joe that  he had made .$10 that day hauling wood. "Now,  Joe," said Tom, "half that goes "to you, as my  silent partner; 1 pay Pete, the teamster, $4 a  day; the horses' feed costs $3 a day more; the  wear and tear of the outfit costs fully $1 a, day.  Now, how much does that- leave me. Joe, for my  wages and interest on my investment ?" Joe  smiled an innocent smile, and replied: "1 dont  know, Tom : but I am sat ished wit h my share of  the profits." Tom finally saw where he had  made the "bull" in his figuring, and they both  left  the office saLisfied with the day's receipts.  The   provincial .'government  has   never   yet  granted  the  people  of Nelson   anything  they  asked, and it is likely they will never be granted  anything if they do not ask for it.    It is generally .understood that $1500 was appropriated last  winter  for  a,   wharf at  Nelson; but   if  it was  so ".appropriated.', not a,dollar of the money was  expended for the purpose.    The" fact'.that, an appropriation was made for- the purpose is proof  that the attention of the government had been  called to the need for such an improvement.    If,  the need of a wharf existed in 1880, the year 1S90  has demonstrated its greater need.    It is an improvement that  should   be   undertaken by the  government for* the single reason that it would  be as  much   a public  convenience as  a bridge  across an unfordable stream.    If   built   by   the  government,     no      steamboat      owner     could  use     it    to    the    exclusion    of    other   steamboat   'owners,;'and   no   merchant   would   have  an   advantage  over another ' merchant   in the  landing   of   goods.       The    cost, of   a   suitable  incline wharf would not be more t ban $3500, an  insignificant   sum    compared   with.'-'the    total  amount the government has. received, and will  yet receive, from the sale Of* town lots in Nelson.  %Ue work should be undertaken at once, because  it can   now be  done  cheaply  and   rapidly^ the  stage of water being low.���������' No elaborate phins  are   needed.     The   government's official   representative at Nelson is fully competent to design  the structure and,superintend its erection."   The  people,  of Nelson   expect  their  representative-  elect, J. M; Kellie? to- lay the inatter before the  government  how'that he is in Victoria..   He has  been on the ground, understands the situation,  and is fully '.aware ���������that the request  is one that  should be considered-'and acted on at once.  Slaving a Ouici  Little   Room.  Nelson is having a little boomlet in the way of  real   estate and  building, operations.     Quite  a  number of  lots'-changed   hands  in   the last  10  days, and quite a number of new buildings are  in course of erection.    Among the sales reported  is one of 6 lots by John Houston and Charles H.  Ink to George H. Keefer, the consideration be-  $1004. These, lots .-were, not purchased -for speculation, but for investment, 'the' purchaser intending to erect buildings on them in the spring.  The Corning- residence is being plastered and  the Wilson cottage prepared for occupancy. II.  Da.vves is erecting-a residence in the Ellis block,  and dr. Arthur clearing off ground to do the  same. IX Morton and W. El son have had 4 lots  in block 1.2Cleared, with the view of beginning  buildings. Hume & Wallace have .the foundation laid for a 2-story business; block on the  sontli side of Baker street, close to Ward creek  bridge, and as soon as lumber can be procured  the owners'of lots 21 and 22 in block 6 will begin  work on 4 handsome.'cottages .to . front on  Josephine street. Not a va.-ca.nt house in the  town, and not a.n idle man who wa.nts work.  Wi!l   a:at  Their  Meals  by  Daylight.  The people of Nelson and  the other camps on  Kootenay lake will probably not go hungry dur-  ���������ing- the coming winter, but they will be .compelled to eat t heir 3-meals-a,-day by daylight if  I lie steamer Galena, dons not make another trip.  At this writing not a. case of coal oil can be purchased at a, store in Nelson, and it is doubtful if  a dozen cases can-be found in the town.  Good News if True.  It is'reported that the Blue Bell mine at Hen-.  dryx.will be placed under, the superintendence  of Ben Tibbey next spring, and that 250 men  will be employed in opening it up. Mr-. Tibbey  is acknowledged to be in. "the front rank as a  practical mine superintendent, and is now in  charge of the Parrot mine at Butte. THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE  13,   1890.  'Goods  and  Supplies  Delivered at any Prospect,  Claim, or Mine in the  Hot  Springs Mining District  .���������!-.'  CLA-IR-IR^ST   ^,Tjri_.TJ    LINES    OIF  TWIM1   BUUM   R  ���������BBS   BoDHD   EBBBD  L  STAPLE GROCI  Drags and Cigars in "stock, at Ainsworth.  BOOTS AND -SHOES,  AINSWORTH, B. 6., and REVELSTOKE, B. 0.  I������IINKRAL   LANB>   GRAB5RERS.  The Canadian Pacific is not the only grasping  railway corporation in America. It is not the  only railway that is attempting to grab mineral  lands, now that such lands are becoming valuable by the unaided efforts of prospectors and  miners.. The attempt to place 4-mile-square  blocks over lands at Ainsworth and Hendryx  and Nelson that are known to contain  minerals is a barefaced attempt to override both  the letter and spirit of the law, but it is hardly  more barefaced, than the attempt now being  made by the Northern Pacific railway to acquire  the mineral lands in its 80-mile land grant; belt  in Montana. The following from the Butte  Inter-Mountain should be mighty interesting  reading matter for the members of the British  Columbia government:  "Jay  Gould  is  credited   with   having  added  $30,000,000  to his   already comfortable fortune  during  the   recent  stock   excitement   in   New  York'   The Rockefellers cleaned up $10,000v000,  Addison Cammack made $5,000,000.    The heaviest individual loser was Henry Villard, who is  said to  be $9,000,000 worse off than  lie was before..   This will be a severe blow to the Northern  Pacific magnate.     How Oakes, the president of  that road, came out of the wreck is not known;  but if Villard lost $9,000,000, it is fair to suppose  that Oa.kes lost all he had.    The Inter-Mountain  wishes neither of these gentlemen any personal  misfortune,   but   if   their  present   plight  shall  result in their   retirement  from   the   Northern  Pacific management,  it believes that Montana  will  have cause to   rejoice.     Thev   have  given  their countenance to one of the  most gigantic  steals that ever rendered a corporation infamous.  They are engineering a plot to steal, under cover  of a forced arid' dishonest construction of  the  law, nearly all   the   most  valuable   unoccupied  ���������mineral lands of Montana.     By the aid of their  tools in .congress is this steal about to be consum-  mated unless the facts shall be .brought to the  attention   of    the   honest    legislators    at   the  national'capita], and unless the secretary-of the  interior and the president himself interpose to  stop the theft.    In this state at the recent election the Northern Pacific influence .was hurled  against Tom Carter, the Republican candidate,  for no reason other than  his. refusal  to become  partic.eps criminis  with   the  Oakes crowd  and  his introduction of a bill to prevent the outrage  .and'save the mineral  lands, for*'the people, and  their influence caused  his defeat.     But it seems  that while Oakes and Villard live having their  own way in  Montana, they have run up against  a snag in New York, Jay Gould has cooked them  to the queen's taste, and we arc? glad of it. They  know   now   how   it   feels   to   be   squeezed   in   a  greater maw than their own. and thev oim'ht to  appreciate the condition of the Montana miners  who claim the right to prospect the mountains  within  the  Northern  Pacific grant for precious  and base metals with a. view-of locating, working, and   owning   'what   they   discover.       The  Northern Pacific magnates are simply getting  some of their own ni_edjcme/^  How  Sane   Men BSceonie  Mad.  it is commonly believed that the tendency to  suicide, like the tendency to madness, j-uns in  families, and   that is no  doubt  true.  ���������strongest7.1nind.ed   and  clearest-headed   man   in  'the. world has the possibility of suicide in  him.  On  the other hand, the disposition  to madness  and suicide, which is so decided a characteristic  of some families, is, in many cases, easily to be  kept at bay by revolution and  intelligence on  the part of particular individuals.    So that, in  .���������most ca.ses, if the story of a suicide be read from  the very beginning, the full responsibility must  be placed on  the  victim himself.    In our own  time the pressure  of highly civilized  environment Urges men in the direction of brain weariness and so of disgust with life.     But it is to be  borne in mind that no man is compelled to enter  into the  keenest competition of  his  age.    The  brain is fairly -mature- before the age of 25; and  before that age few educated  men are married,  and -fewer still are irrevocably comruitted to a.  particular calling or way of life."    A young man  of 'average   intelligence   is   then   quite  able  to  judge   his   own   intellectual  force  and   staying  power, and he is also able to take into consideration the history of his family and his inherited  tendencies.    It is  incumbent upon   him at that  stage to take stock of his mental and physical  .resources exactly as he takes stock of his capital.  If his available money amount to no more than  one or two thousand  dollars he would consider'  himself a madman were he to embark in a business requiring a capital of half a million.    But is  he not just as.much of a madman if, with a mind  of merely average powers, he enters upon aline  of life requiring an intellect of the strongest and  clearest order and mental endurance of the most  persistent-kind?    A young man  acting thus invites   brain   worry,   invites   chronic  dyspepsia,  invites sleeplessness; throws the door wide open  for the entrance of all the physiological foes that  destroy health and drive sanity out of the home.  _____   __   The  Kiggest.VBahy ,BIe  K.ver Saw.-  _:    "This story is on a young Chicago father.    The  baby was his first and he-wanted to weigh it.  "It's a bouncer!" he exclaimed.    "Where are  .the scales?"  The hired girl hunted up an old-fashioned  steelyard that had came down from a former  generation. It was the only weighing-machine  111 the house. The baby, wrapped in the fleecy  folds of some light fabric, was suspended from  the proper hook, and the proud young father  assumed charge of the exercises.  "I'll try it at 8 pounds," he said, sliding the  weight along the beam to that figure.  "It won't do. She weighs ever so much more  than that."  He slid the weight along several notches  farther.  "By George!" he said, "she weighs more than  10 pounds! 'Eleven���������12���������13���������14!   ^ls it possible!"  He set the baby and steelyard down and rested  himself a, moment.  "Biggest baby I oversaw!" he panted, resuming the weighing process. "Fifteen and a half  ���������10! This thing won't weigh her. See! Sixteen is the last notch, and she jerks it up like a,  feather. Go and get a big pair of scales at some  neighbor's. I'll bet $100 she', weighs over 20  pounds. Millie!" he shouted, rushing into the  next, room, "she's the biggest baby in the country!    Weighs over 16 pounds!"  "What did you weigh her on?" inquired the  young mother.  "On the old steelyard in the kitchen."  JV4li0 _,_ "The  figures   on -that  are  only ounces," she  But the   '   replied quietly.    "Bring me the baby, John,"  BRITISH   -COLUMBIA.  ib.\i;*<;  news.  Victoria Colonist, 2nd: John Hepburn returned on Sunday night from a visit to the hydraulic mine on the-south  fork of the Quesnelle, of which he is the manager. M.v. II.  made a trip into that part of Cariboo last spring and took  up a claim on either side of a Chinese hydraulic mine,  which has been running for some years, and from which  handsome profits have been taken. rJ his, too, in spite of  the very limited supply of, water for washing purposes.  6 On hjLs return he induced a company of 'Victoria/capitalists  to join him in opening up the property. Several thousand  inches of water have been recorded for use on the claim,  and mr. Hepburn's second trip was for the purpose of prospecting the ground. '1 he result of prospecting has proved  most satisfactory, and about ..^100 in dust, principally tine  gold, was .brought down; one nugget, however, is a lovelv  specimen of quartz gold, weighing about ������15. It is the intention of the company to build a raining ditch as early in  the year as the weather will permit and begin the opening  up of the mine at the earliest opportunity. The property  is easily got at, and freight from Ashcroft to it is but 4  cents per pound. M.r. Hepburn states that there is plenty  of rich ground all through that section, the great obstacle  in the way of operating being the difficulty in securing  water. The water for the mine will have to be brought a  distance of 18 miles.  "Victoria Colonist 2nd: George Kenny, an experienced  miner of the Omineca district, reached this city yest6rday,  and is to be found at mining men's headquarters���������the Oriental. He, with 15 other men, has been working this year  on a newly discovered claim on Tom's creek, upon which  . mining by white: men was never done before. The creek  Was shown to the .white men by an Indian who described  it as the finest hunting ground \known. One mile of the  ground is very: rich,-and. ������30,000 has been taken out this  season by the 10 whites, together with Indians and  Chinamen.  Victoria Colonist, 2nd: Neil Campbell of Barkerville arrived down on Sunday'night-and reports mining operations ;  over for the season. *'lho.. placer -mines'have paid somewhat better than- last season, several claims, having been  more fully opened out. Quartz matters also look better.  'I he Black Jack claim is being opened out slowly. Results  from the test works and from milling samples sent to  Scotland for treatment have been highly satisfactory.  The company are now sinking down another 50'feet, and if  the same extent of ore is proved at this depth, there will  be enough in sight for many years to come. The ore body  at present comprises.'? feet of solid sulphurcts. The government test .works'-have been re-built and were in fine  running order when mr. Campbell left. Snow had fallen  to the depth of between 2 and 3 feet in Barkerville. rl here  was nothing extraordinary to��������� report. ��������� Mr. Campbell is  hopeful that the coining year will be a prosperous one for  Cariboo. The hydraulic mines are paying well, and there  is. a great deal of ground that could be profitably worked if  capitalists would but undertake it. He thought that next  year would also demonstrate in the shape of bullion the  great value of their quartz mines.  Your Money by Buying Eeal Estate!  There is no better time than the present for putting a few  dollars in lots in Nelson, a town that has a future. Nelson  property is as sure to advance in price in the spring as the  Hall mines are sure to be the greatest mines in West Kootenay. The following lots, all well situated, within half a  block and a block and a half of Baker street, are ottered at  the prices quoted for the next 30 days:  Lot 21, block (>, ������225; cash payment ������65.  Lots 11, 12, and 13, block 7, ������125; cash payment ������44.  Lot 14, block 15, ������140; cash payment ������50.  Lot 14, block !(>,- ������125: cash payment ������44.  Lot 11, block 17, ������135; cash payment ������54.  Lot 23, block 17, ������125; cash payment ������44.  The above lots were purchased at the last government  auction sale, and are subject to the conditions of that sale.  The deferred payment on each will be due on October 15th,  1891. These lots were the pick of those sold at the sale.  For further-particulars call on or address HOUSTON, INK  & ALLAN, Nelson, B. C.  ���������-w  nil  msuum*LW&B>ti>i uiwMMaiiaiuiiiuMuuiiiiini THE  MUSTEK:    NELSON,   B.  0.,  SATUEDAY, DECEMBER  13,  1890.  DO NOT USE POOR MATEEIAL  in buildings when first-class  MOLDINGS,  are for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON SAWMILL GO.  'Yard:   At end of Flume in Nelson.  Mill:   Two Miles South of Nelson.  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough arid  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in   any';.'���������"-  part of Nelson.  GORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices. y  M. S.  BAVYS,       J.  H. /TO'lSON,  MANAGERS. ���������  Kootenay Lake Saw-Mill.  100,000 feet Lumber on hand at NELSON.  50,000    "       " " AINSWORTH.  100,000 . "        "        '"'"���������'.   MILL.  Parties Purchasing Lots in Nelson  ON  BIJII,������IN������  CONDITIONS  will be liberally dealt with in regard to lumber supply.  o--O.BTJc:H:^^3sr^k.iq-  1.5'.:  5 *  tie  BUILDERS.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to..  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  HANSEN & HILTON  AND  m.  Will contract for the erection of any size wood building.  Plans and estimates furnished and bills for material made.  Job carpentering attended to promptly. Leave orders at  Kootenay hotel, East Vernon street.  will do all kinds of  CLEARING   AND   CONTRACT  WORK  in and about  Estimates given on work.      Address, Balfour via Nelson.  A   TKIP   UNDER    DIFFICULTIES.  The following extracts from a letter from  "Joe" Bradshaw to one of the boys at the railway camp below Nelson make a readable version  of how he and his party met and overcame difficulties that would have staggered Stanley in  making a trip from Sproat up the Columbia in a  rowboat: Blank is not the real name of the obstreperous member of the party, the real name  being suppressed because of his being a good fellow when not under the influence of the tanglefoot whisky sold at Sproat. The letter is dated  at Revelstoke on November 28th :  "You will perceive by this that I am over the hardest  part of my journey, although to accomplish it was'a series  of trials and hardships. 1 will relate the story from start  to finish.  "On arriving at Sproat I found a number of men anxious  to get away and no definite news of the steamboat.    Some  said that she would not make another trip, and all seemed  satisfied that if she did come she could not possibly accommodate the number wishing to go.    Hugh Madden learned  of a boat the Chinamen had for sale, and on consultation  with a few of us decided to buy it for $20 and go on our own  account.   I was detailed to provision her for the trip.   I  found the proportion to each man to be $5.09.  At 10 o'clock  Sunday morning we started, the entire population of Sproat  witnessing our departure.   Among the passengers  were  Blank, Connors, Hope, 3 Frenchmen, and others, making  in all 11.    Unfortunately for us, Blank and Connors were  drunk and annoyed the rest of the crew very much by their  behavior.    At noon we landed for dinner; then our first  real trouble commenced.   Blank had by this time drank  himself crazy.  He fought with Connors, called the Frenchmen all the vile names he could think of, threw rocks at all  of us, and made a fool of himself generally.  I was the only  one that could approach him, and after a time managed to  pacify him and get him back to the boat.  It was useless to  think of going on with him.    So, by mutual consent, we  returned to Sproat and landed him and Connors.    Then  there was more trouble; the balance of the crew, with the  exception of Madden, Hope, and. myself, were for abandoning the trip. , I harangued the Frenchmen in what little  French I knew, calling them cowards; at the same time  there was another gang of Frenchmen persuading them  not to go.   At last I succeeded in getting them to the boat,  and while the residents of Sproat Were perdicting dire misfortune we shoved off and proceeded on our way.  "They say that fortune favors the brave. We had splendid weather arid made the trip in exactly 4 days. Strange  to say, however, an hour after we landed here it rained,  snowed, and stormed, so much so that we would have suffered very much if we had been out in it.  "I might mention another incident of the trip. One of  the crew named Doyle (a friend, of Blank's) tried to run  things on the same lines, and caused us much annoyance.  But he missed his -mark. He annoyed Hope, who last  spring boated from one of the railroad camps to Davenport.  Hope finally lost his temper, knocked him down in the  bottom of the boat, and then put the boots to him. The  treatment had a good effect, as he was as meek as a lamb  the remainder of the trip.  "I cannot deny the fact that the trip was a rough one-  one trying and hard on a man. We had to wade up to our  middles in ice-cold water, towing the boat over riffles and  swift water; afterwards sitting and lying in our wet  clothes.   But we are here now, and all is forgotten."  A Proposed Tunnel Between Ireland and Scotland.  A public meeting, convened by the mayor of  Belfast, has been held to consider a scheme for  constructing   a   tunnel   between   Ireland   and  Scotland.    Mr. Barton, civil engineer, submitted  his scheme, which is to construct a tunnel from  the junction of the Belfast & Northern Counties  railway, 4 miles inland from Whitehaven, on  the Antrim coast, to the center of Wierston Hill,  in Wigtonshire, also about 4 miles inland, the  whole length is to be about 34 miles. The scheme  has the support of sir Douglas Fox, engineer of  the Severn tunnel, sir Benjamin Baker, the  Forth bridge engineer, and sir John Hawkshaw  of London. He estimated the total cost at  ������8^000,000,000, and the tunnel could be completed  in 10 or 12 year's. The meeting passed resolutions recognizing the importance of the scheme,  urging the government to render financial assistance, and appointing a. committee to consider and report upon the whole question.  Tlie  Prince of Wales and  B������arnell of the Same Ilk.  A queer story is in  circulation  in London of  differences between the queen and the prince of  Wales.    It is customary for the prince to hold  levees on behalf of her majesty.    Admission to  one of these receptions is, according to court etiquette, equivalent in all respects to a presentation to the queen. It appears that at a levee  held the past season an American lady was admitted who was not exactly in good standing in  the royal opinion, the queen being apt to draw  the line somewhat rigidly. Her majesty heard  of the fact recently and she was very angry.  She called the prince to task, and aristocratic  gossip has it that the latter took it all very  cooly and respectfully, and that after leaving  the maternal presence he deliberately wrote a  note- to the lady's husband, inviting them both  to spend an evening with him. This, also, was  earried(: to the queen, and now Albert Edward  and bis mother are said to be on very ceremonial terms-.' The attentions of the prince to the  lady in question and the submissiveness of the  husband are the talk of the people posted on  such subjects, and are viewed with regret; by  those who hoped that the future king of England had settled down to be an example of domestic propriety.  Lucky TraSl Creek.  Hot Springs can no longer claim a monopoly  in  the ownership of Spokane companies with  hundreds of thousands of dollars capital stock.  Trail Creek rustlers have broken Into'the Spokane corral and now proudly boast of having captured "The Le Roi Mining Company," with a  capital of $150,000, divided into $100shares. The  capital is not all on paper, for enough has been  paid in cash to work 3 shifts on the Le Roi claim  during the winter.    The manager of  the company expects to sink  100 feet and drift another  hundred by the time navigation  opens in  the  spring.    Tools and provisions are already on the  ground.      The   officers   of   the   company   are:  Oliver Durant,   president;   George  JVI. Forster,  secretary; George Turner,   W.  S. Bell,  George  F. Dyer, W. M. Ridpath, L. F, Williams, W. T.  Harris, and . W. W. D. Turner, directors.    The  Le Roi was owned  by E. S. Topping, and he  claims to have got high assays in gold and silver  from its ore.   The led������e is said to be well defined  and 15 feet wide.  Wants to JLearn   Something of Our Resources,  To the Editor of The Miner: What is there published that shows the resources of the Kootenay Lake  country? Would like something showing its developments, etc. S.B.WRIGHT.  Denver, Colorado, November 28th, 1890.  The Miner is the only authentic publication  on the resources of the lake country. It is published weekly at Nelson, B. C, and mailed to  subscribers at the low rate of $4 a year, or $2.50  for 6 months.  APPLiCATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  For MINERAI-  CLAIMS require to be published nine weeks in a newspaper other than the British Columbia Gazette; their publication in The.  MINER will cost the applicant FIFTY-FIVE CENTS a line.  Notice is hereby given that James M. Buckley, Edward  J. Roberts, and William H. Jackson have filed the necessary papers and made application for a crown grant in  favor of a mineral claim known as the Arkansas, situated  in the Hot Springs subdivision, Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to forward their  objections to me within 60 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, October 23rd, 1890. .   Notice is hereby given that Duncan Gilchrist, Charles  Rossiter, and Frank Leslie Fitch have filed the neccssary  papcrs and made application for a crown grant in favor of  a mineral claim known as the "Uriion," situated in the  Hot Springs sub-division, Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are notified to forward their  objections to me within sixty days from date of publication. G. C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  Revelstoke, October 8th, 1890.  ���������  Notice is hereby given that the Revelstoke Mining Company has filed the necessary papers and made application  for a crown grant in favor of the mincral'claim known as  the United, situated in the Hot Springs camp, Kootenay  lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to me within 60 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Revelstoke, October 23rd, 1890.  __' _.-_      __������������������   _____  Notice is hereby given that S. H. Cross, G. W. Coplen  and E. E. Alexander have filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim, known as the Morning, situated on Toad mountain.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to tile their objections with me vvithin 60 days from date of publication.  G. C. TUNSTALL, gold commissioner.  _Nelson, November 10th, 1890. ___    _.  _____  Notice is hereby given that S. It. Cross, G. W. Coplen,  and K. E. Alexander have filed the necessary papers and  made applicalion for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the Evening, situated at Toad Mountain,  West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to forward their  objections to me within sixty days from date of publication. G. O. TUNSTALL, government agent.  Nelson, November 10th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after date I intend  making application to chief commis'sioner of lands and  works for permission to lease for timbering purposes, for a  term of ten years, the undermentioned tract of land near  Nelson, West Kootenay district, situated as follows: Commencing at the southeast corner post of my present limit,  thence running south 100 chains, thence west 100 chains,  thence north 100 chains, thence east 100 chains, to point of  commencement; containing 1000 acres more or less.  M. S. DAVYS, for Nelson Sawmill Company.  Nelson, B. C. November 4th, 1890. THE.-toEE^  - ��������� !  I  The Mr.NER is PKrNTEi) on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advancc  rates: Three.months ������1.50, six months ������2.50, one year ������1.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of ������3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advkrtisemknts will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first, insertion and 7' cents a lino  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines oi; 9 words  each make ah inch. All advertisements printed, tor  a less period than 3 .months considered transient and  must be paid for in -advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines. ,  Birth   Notices free if weight ok oiiild is <;ivkx_; if  ..     weight is  not  given   ������1.  will  be   charged.    Marriage  announcements will bo'charged from ������1 to ������L0���������according (o the social.standing of the bridegroom.  Joh I'rintino   ix good style at  fair  rates.  .Cakds,.-  ;/.-'   envelopes, and   letter, note,-and  account papers kept  in slock. -  Letters to Tin-; Editor will only  au'Earovekthk  writer's name.    Communications with 4ueh signatures  :    as  "Qld vSubKcribcr,"  "Veritas,"  "Citizen," etc.,  etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address   all  Letters:   !Tiie  Miner,  Nelson,  B.   C., ���������  (with "via Kootenai, Idaho," added if ���������mailedm the  United. States.)  _-,  Authorized Agents: Henry Anderson, Ainsworth;  James Delancy and James Gibson, Spokane I< alts;  J. H. Matheson, Donald; E. S. Topping, Trail Creek;  F. B. Wells, Revelstoke.  Nelson needs a wharf, and needs it bad. This  has been plainly shown within the last 15.-days.  During the wind-storm on the night of the 2nd,  the steamer Galena was damaged and delayed  by being forced on the rocks, and a week later  was again damaged and delayed by going  aground on a sand-bar. These accidents and de-  lays have not only caused the owners of the  steamboat considerable loss in money, but have  been a source of. great loss to all the people in  the lake country in preventing the delivery of  needed winter supplies. They would not have  happened had "there been a wharf at Nelson.-  All the water frontage at Nelson is either vested  in the province or reserved for the Canadian Pacific railway. Private parties are thus prevented from building wharves and docks, as  few care to make large outlays in such improvements until sure of owning the improvements  after they are made. If the province wdl not  dispose of its vested rights in the water frontage  at Nelson���������and it should not���������it should, provide  suitable landing facilities for the steamboat interest already centered here���������an interest, too,  that is sure to largely increase, if good judgment  is but used by the provincial government. The  province is largely interested in the. town of  Nelson, and if these interests are not frittered  ���������away, the provincial treasury will in time be enriched by over a quarter of a million of dollars.  The expenditure of a few thousand dollars for a  wharf would not only' <���������. j'hance the value of  these interests, but go a long way towards securing the people of the lake country competitive-transportation facilities. The precious metals in the lake country have been so distributed  hy nature that no man or set of men can monopolize their ownership, and the provincial government has within it the power to prevent a  monopoly of transportation facilities over routes  that nature intended for common use.  The wharf should be built this winter when  the stage of water will allow of its being built  rapidly and cheaply, and not in July or August  when the stage of water will have the opposite  effect". The government can advance uo good  reason for not making the expenditure, as the  town of Nelson lias been the source of considerable revenue to the province this summer, of  which not 10 per cent has been returned in the  way of public improvements. Outside of a $600  bridge and less.than a quarter.of a mile of inexpensive wagon road, and fencing in the jail  yard, not a dollar of the thousands realized from  the sale of lots has been expended in public im  provements  in  the  town.    This  is  manifestly  ," unfair. ',       _____  The Miner is aware that parties interested in  the Columbia  &\ Kootenay Steam   Navigation  Company���������parties, too, who arehelieved to have  considerable influence with members of the provincial government���������are opposed to the government taking any action whatever in the matter,  oil  the selfish  grounds that because their boat  (now.building) will  lie able to make landings at  the bank at anv stage of water, a wharf is there-  fore not,needed.'/' There is a large element in the  mining camps'on Kootenay lake who are in no  way disposed to be unfriendly to the Columbia  & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company; at the  same time, knowing the grasping sellishness of  its  main Owners, they do not care to  be at its  mercy  for  transportation facilities.    As  proof  that the assertions of the parties interested in  the steamboat line are not   based on  practical  knowledge of the stage of-.water at Nelson, The  Miner states knowingly that if, their new boat  draws I feet of water (and that is the draft said  to be decided on by its designer and  builder) it  will not be able to get within 400 feet of the river  bank for 7  months in the year.    Not only the  residents of Nelson, but all the people in the lake  country see the necessity for free and independent landing facilities at Nelson; and,  it alone  having the power, the provincial goveriiinent is  looked to to furnish the needed facilities.  W. J. Sanders writes The Miner^ complaining of the inefficiencv of a constable stationed  at Nelson. As The Miner did not use its political influence in procuring the appointment of  the official, complained of, it cannot with good  grace-ask for his removal to another sphere of  usefulness. In fact, The Miner's political influence at Victoria is,a quantity resembling that  which the boy shot at ���������that is, nothing. If  it asked for the removal Of an inefficient, public  servant, that servant would surely be promoted; or if it asked for the appointment of a  private citizen to official position, that citizen  would for years afterwards be placed on the  government's black list. The Miner has great  influence with the'officials of the Canadian Pacific railway, because they are open to conviction ; but it has none whatever with the Robson  government, 'because that government, is hidebound in its enmities. Mr. Sanders had better  lay his complaint before mr. Robson at Victoria.  The Miner has no reason to interfere in the  tight, the official complained of never having ar-  rested any of its friends.  The death of king William of Holland removes the last but one���������the prince of Wales���������  of the high potentates of Europe who take  better care of other men's wives than they do  of their own.   In the'United-.States-representation in congress is based on population. A congressional  district in Alabama or Mississippi is supposedto  have' as. many inhabitants as a congressional  district in Ohio or Illinois. The boundaries of  these districts and the laws governing the election of congressmen are made by the different  'state legislatures,-and are often manifestly unfair. For instance: At the late election in Ohio,  the Republican candidates for state officials  were elected by a large majority of the votes of  the whole state; yet; 2 Democrats were elected  to congress to 1 Republican. This was because  of the legislature gerrymandering the congressional districts, that is, bunching the strong Republican counties together in districts and dividing the strong Democratic counties around so  that the districts hi which they were placed  would/ have a small majority of Democratic  voters. By this means the successful Republican congressmen were elected by '-.majorities  ranging in the thousands, while the successful  Democratic congressmen were elected byvmaj-  orities ranging in the hundreds. In -Alabama,  and Mississippi the same 'methods were adopted years ago, the negro vote being rendered  a nullitv by that method, aided by intimidation  and fraud. The present congress is considering  a bill to take this power from the state legislatures. .The-bill.was introduced by Henry Cabot  Lodge of Massachusetts and is a good one. Rut  it is opposed by every Democrat in and out of  congress, as -strenuously as they opposed the introduction of the Australian; ballot in the several ' states which have adopted it. Tlie Democrat ic party is as,unfair in politleal metliods as  it is behind'the'-'age in political principles.  Max O'Rell^the-cle^ei- Fi-enchnian, has writ-  ten '.aiarty clever satires, but it is doubtful if all  his writings can be classed as satirical,-for he  sometimes allows ������his exuberant fancy to rest  and descends to plain prosaical description. In  his latest book on America lie gives agrecipe for  the construction of an American girl, which,  KeemiiiP-ly tinged with exaggeration, is. never-  theless an ungilded description of the prettiest  girls in the world. The recipe is as follows :  "Take the hair of a Hindoo, the nose of a  "Greek/the mouth of the English, the coin-  " plexioii of a German, the height of a Nor-  " wegian. the feet of a Chinese woman, the  ".teeth of an African, the arm of a Belgian, the  " leg of ah"Italian girl, the eye of a Spaniard,  " the grace of a Erenehwoman, and you will  " have an American girl." Add to the above  the virtue of a Diana and you will have a repre^  sentative Nelson girl.  Time works great changes in the conditions  of people. A few years'ago millions of dollars  were remitted by the younger generation in  America to the older generation in the old  country. Today if it were not for remittances  of .-.millions from their kindred in the old country  the younger generation in America would starve  ���������or get down to hard work.  With this issue The Miner passes the first  6-inoLith stage of its existence. -It started with  7 paid-up subscribers, it no\v has 224, with several hundred more on its subscription books  who are able1; and willing to; pay, but haven't  the time to call round.- Whether it will pass  another 6-monih stage depends entirely on  these subscribers who haven't called round  and on the arrival of a consignment of coal oil.  It might struggle through without money, but  as its 3'" owners'-'can't find tinie during the day  to work, it will "surely suspend publication until the coal oil arrives, which it is hoped will not  be later than the first week in 'April So, if the  224 paid-up subscribers do not receive The  Miner until spring, they can lay the blame to  a. lack of coal oil; and the several hundred who  have not paid up will each be $2.50 ahead of its  generous publishers.  1 By his.refusal to retire from tlie leadership of  the Irish party when asked to do so by a majority of that party,-Parnell proves himself as utterly selfish in posing as a friend of Ireland as  the divorce proceedings proved him dishonorably selfish in breaking up the home of his onetime friend,.captain O'Shea.  The   mining   commission   now  in   session   at  Victoria   should aim  to  make   ''jumping"  im-  - '-r --r.f ' iri ���������_' ay ggjrrsip sfen^rgwaWrBiagwii  THE  MIrTEE:    NELSON,   B.   C���������   SATUEDAY,   DECEMBEE  13,   1890.  Dealers in Dry Goods/G-ro Specialty.  ,   The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods  c and compare Prices. ''/  Main Street, BEVELST0KE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  it --,  possible. No one thing has a. greater tendency  to prevent, -the in vestment of capital in mines  than disputes over titles. Titles can, in a, great  measure, be made secure if ''jumping" is made  impossible.  A question now being discussed in the lake  country, is the amount of actual work done (in  rnineral claims as assessment work. It is asserted  that locators and .claim-owners do not comply  with the law, in that they fail to do work to the  value of $1.00, oftentimes the work clone being  worth less than $25. There is little doubt but  that the owners of half the claims in West  Kootenay district do not��������� s.t-rictly comply with  the law; but, the chances are^' the claims that  are so worked are not worth holding.  The postmaster-general of  the United States  is-a businessman, and  is trying  to run  his department on business principles.    He is in favor  of building one-story postoffices throughout the  country and reducing the letter rate of postage to  one cent.    He  claims that millions are   yearly  lost in revenue to his department by book publishers and owners of "fake" advertising sheets  transi n i ttingt heir publi.cationsth rough the maiIs  at -newspaper rates,   in Canada, legitimate newspapers, when-mailed from the office of publiea-  ��������� lion to  regular subscribers, a.re carried  free in  the mails. There is no good reason why this  system should not be extended so as to include  i letters and postal cards.- The children of Canada, are educated at public: expense, and letter  writing and newspaper reading tend to aid education. The United States has yearly a large  surplus, and the experiment could be made by  that nation without any change whatever in it's  present system of taxation.  A. Staii-e   SSo8������S&cr "WBso   B������5aye.������l  iu   i&ad - Luck.  It was in 1870.    We had got through to Silver  City, New Mexico;-by stage without adventure.  and perhaps I  had more'reason than any other  passenger to felicitate, myself on the fact, as I  was carrying $8,000 in greenbacks for a, friend  who was going into -business. The day after  arriving a strange man came to the office and  asked if he could have a few minutes private  conversation, lie looked like a. prospector and i  I took him into the inner office, where he quietly j  sat down and began; ;  "I am no hand to beat  around  the bush, but   j  believe in coming straight to the point." -j  '.'Well?" - - ���������       ;  "Well,'you  brought in '$8,000 wit h   you yes-   !  terday."  "SupposeI did?"  "1 knew you were coming, and for 3 days I  was posted, to intercept you. I intended to hold  up the stage and take everything."  "Why didn't you do it?"  "That's what I'm coming to. My infernal  burro  stumbled with  me  at  a  had  place  and  pitched me off, and for a whole day I  hardly  moved a rod  in so sore and lame now that I  can scarcely get about.  "Well?" '.'.-  "The kernel of this thing vis just here. '..Yoit  were  my meat,  fair and- square.    Them   eight  th   ���������    ������������������ -  O  pulled through.    It was a stroke of luck.    I lost  my animal and both my revolvers, and am hurt  you honorable enough to give "me  on sand   was  as  good as in  my own pocket,  wing to circumstances beyond my control yo  u  beside  s.  Are  a per cent on that  money to go."4into business  again  He wanted 3 per cent, but finally got off with  $80. He bought a, revolver and some blankets  with-it and.went off and stopped a stage and  was shot through the head.  4'<aiilnin<6*Slica Holds  the Tiump  Card.  An opinion has generally prevailed that were  mr. Parnell  to make the only reparation left in  his power by marrying the divorced wife of captain   O'Shea, mr. Gladstone and  John Morley,  together with his colleagues of the Irish parlia-  ;   mentary party, might  be. induced  to overlook  !   the position in which he has placed himself and  |   continue to recognize him as the leader of the  |   Irish party.    Those  who  take this view,  how-  |   ever, are altogether ignorant of the procedure  I   in English divorce courts.     Even were mr.-Par-  |   nell inclined to adopt the suggestion there, is an  |   insurmountable barrie.r'in thV way.    In the first  place, 6 months must elapse under the English  law before the decree granted to captain O'Shea  can  be made, absolute, while in  the  meantime  neither the  captain  nor his ex-wife-can marry  agai 11.    Not on 1 y this,'howe ver, but th e m otion  to make the decree absolute must be initiated  by captain   O'Shea himself.    If,   therefore,   the  latter has no desire   or  inclination   to   involve  himself in  another matrimonial entanglement,  and is equally 'determined that his ex-wife shall  not be given the opportunity to  marry her paramour, he can accomplish  his end  by allowing  the decree to remain  in   its. present "condition-,,  which is known as a decree "nisi."    This would  have the effect of preventing  his ex-wife from  ever  marrying again, and were she to  become  mi's. Parnell in'any other part of the globe, she'  would   be  liable   to   prosecution   for'unlawful  'cohabitation should she return within the. jurisdiction of the English courts.     It will   therefore  be seen   that captain  O'Shea holds   the   trump  card, and  that so far as their domestic  a (fairs  are concerned, both Parnell and mrs. O'Shea are  absolutely at-his mercy.'  Should   ISuiSd   ;i   WSmH'  at  Once.  There being no wharf at Nelson, the steamer  Galena ran to the "Bogustown" wharf on Tuesday night and , tied up. In tlie morning, .in  attempting to back out, she ran aground', and  was unable to get off until late in file afternoon.  The delay occasioned her owners considerable  loss, as they will probably be unable to make;  another' trip this fall. .There* are large quantities  of supplies at Bonner's Perry ��������� that are badly  needed in the lake camps. The government',  being the owner of the water frontage at Nelson, should build a. wharf at once.  i?E5Xl>    REJiJAmNC; -ONLY ' A.    THICK.  Professor Charles E. Gate hell of Ann Arbor,  Michigan, university pronounces mind reading  a "fake."    He was in Chicago last fall when P.  Alexander Johnstone of England did his wonderful feats of mind reading. Professor Gatchell  studied the matter thoroughly, and finally concluded that he could do the same "trick," as he  calls it, and all the other tricks which Johnstone  did.    He then posted $500 with a Chicago paper,  to   be  forfeited   to   charity   if he failed, if mr.  Johnstone would do   the'same, but  the latter  gentleman did   not   see fit to accept the offer.  Mr.  Johnstone   was   at   Ann   Arbor   recently,  and   professor   Gatchell   has   not  changed  his  opinion of his work, and  has made an offer of  $500 to the  gymnasium   fund   under the same  conditions   as   that   made   at    Chicago.     Gatchell is not a believer in mind 'readers and claims  not to belong to that class, but whether he does  , the work by mind..reading or by clever slight of  hand the professor, certainly performs the same  'work and accomplishes the same ends as Johnstone.    On November 2.1st he gave a  number of  Johnstone's feats at the PsiUpsilon house, all of  them successfully.    The next day lie did Johnstone's great feat of driving a livery team on the  dead run through a number of streets over which  the committee had previously driven.    The first  thing done was to decide on a. word to be taken  from    Webster's/' dictionary,     and    the   committee     decided     on     "mucilage,"     on     page  864.       A    team     which     had    "been    procured  was    driven     over   a    route    13    blocks    long,  driving   first   one   way   and   then   the   other,  and complicating the route as much as possible,  ending where they had started.   The committee  then blindfolded professor Gatchell with a bandage   and   then   drawing  a.   thick hood  over his'  head    and    tying   it   close,   .around   the neck.  Everything-being- ready the professor and committee   jumped    into   the   carriage.'   Professor  Gatchell took the lines and drove the horses on  a, dead run, first  turning one' way and then the  other, following  the -exact, route taken   by the.  committee.     One of tlie'committee asked  if he  could not drive a, little slower, and he said,   "Us  mind readers all drive this way," and hashed the  horses..into  a, faster run.    On  arriving back at  the   office  he.   went   to   the  dictionary,  turned,  after  a  little  hesitation, to tlie right'page, and  calling'for a   pencil' and   paper, wrote the word  "mucilage"  without   hesitating.      An   overcoat  was thrown over his head during the latter part  of the test-as an extra, precaution.    Tlie connnit-  t ee { hen made another exa-mination of t lie paraphernalia, used and tlie test ended, the professor  enjoying    the   discomfiture   of   the   coinmit.lee,  who had expected a. failure.  Ainsworth,Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons haying from vis will avoid I,he necessity of paying  duly on goods at Canadian custom-house on 'the river.  3   V   '!"���������-��������� ��������� THE  MItTEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  DECEMBEE 13,   1890.  i i  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B. O.  H.   8l   T.   MADDEN  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with a frontage cowards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  is supplied with everything in the.-market,������������������ the. kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  f.i  THE BAR IS STOCKED WITH THE BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  -'.-,i  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ::(   'J  -���������t i  ONLY TWO-STOEY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor,for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.'  THE  TABLE   IS  NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  ?HE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  WM.  HUNTER  JAS.  DAWSON  PROPRIETORS  is the best hotel in BALFOUR, the new town at the outlet of Kootenay lake, S miles from Ainsworth and  20 from Nelson.  Good Beds.   Meals at all Hours.  THOMAS '& SANDERS . . . .\ . ...... PROPRIETORS  TRAIL CREEK, B. C.  W.   R.   POIJLTON:  FKOI'KI KTOIt  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Creek  mining district, its proprietorbeing a caterer of experience.  The table will always be supplied with the best of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with choice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure rye  whiskies,    Good stabling for animals.  .IMMBAMS'  AND ..DREAMING..  Lord -.Brougham  relates  he   dreamed  a  dream   of long-continued  during a  short dose,   while  a droning'  It is an error to suppose, as Hobbes asserts in  his "Leviathan," that sleep seals lip the senses.  ���������Dr.-.'Beat-tie mentions  the case of a man  who  could be made to dream of any subject, by whispering about it into his ear while he slept; and  it is a familiar fact that persons who talk in  their sleep will frequently answer questions, if  spoken to softly.    On this point, the elaborated  series of experiments made on himself, with the  aid of an assistant, by Alfred Maury, are conclusive.    The  assistant applied various stimuli  during Maury's sleep, and then awakened him  that he might record his dream.    When his lips  were tickled with a feather he dreamed that a  pitch-plaster was applied  to his face and then  roughly torn off'.     When a pair of tweezers and  a pair of scissors were stuck together close to his  ear, he dreamed of the ringing of bells, which  were quickly passed into the tocsin, and carried  him into the events of June, 1818.    He was made  to feel the heat and smell of a burning match,  whilst   the .wind   was   whistling   through' the  shutters of his room, and  he then dreamed of  being at sea when the powder-room of the vessel blew up.    He recorded a number of equally  appropriate but exaggerated images, suggested  by simple sensations  in   the  same  way.     The  philosopher Reid remembered having only one  distinct dream after he was about 16 years and  that occurred to him after he had got his head  blistered for a fall.    The plaster gave him much  pain  all  night;   but  he   slept a  little  towards  morning, and then dreamed that he had fallen  into the hands of a party of Indians and was  scalped.     Dr.   Gregory's   hot-water  bottle  one,,  night scorched his feet, and caused him to dream  that he was walking up the crater of Vesuvius  in the hot lava; and a gentleman who was compelled   to   sleep   over a  cheesemonger's   shop,  dreamt that he was shut up in_a gigantic cheese  to  be eaten   by rats,  that  action  counsel was pleading before him. Lord Holland  fell asleep while listening to some one reading,  dreamed a long dream, and awoke in time to  hear the conclusion of a sentence the first words  of which were in his ears when he became unconscious. Dr. Abercrombie relates that a  gentleman dreamed that he had enlisted for a  soldier, joined his regiment, deserted, had been  apprehended, carried back, tried, condemned to  be shot, and at last led out for execution. After  all the usual preparations, he awoke with the  report, and found that a noise in an adjoining  room had both produced the dream and awakened him. Another dreamed he crossed the  Atlantic and spent a fortnight in America. In  embarking, on" his return, he fell into the sea,  and, having awoke with the fright, found that  he had not been asleep 10 minutes. A lady confessed that in her sleep she had palmed off a bad  sixpence on a beggar, and chuckled at the notion  of her disappointment. A distinguished philanthropist, who for many years held a high judicial post, was continually committing forgery  in his dreams, and only regretted the act when  he learned that he was to be hanged. A lady,  whose life at the time of her dream was devoted  to the instruction of pauper children, seeing one  of them make a grimace at her, doubled him up,  and poked him through the bars of a lion's cage.  Ice More Than a Mile in  Dcplli.  In,high valleys, among the mountains whose  tops are covered with perpetual snow, are often  found seas of ice, called "glaciers." They are  formed thus: Snow that falls on lofty mountains melts very little even in summer. So in  valleys high up among the mountains it gathers  to a great depth, and from the weight of the  snow lying above, the lower layers become icy,  as a snowball does when squeezed. The upper  crust melts a little during the heat of the day,  and the water sinks clown through the snow,  and then freezes at night. From this melting  and freezing the mass of snow is soon changed  into a sea of ice. Remember that when water  freezes it expands. If we fill a bottle with water  and let. it freeze over night, in the morning we  find that the bottle is cracked by the swelling of  the ice. So it is with the water that forms  glaciers. When it freezes, it stretches, and  pushes its way down in whatever way the val  leys slope. Glaciers of today are are much  smaller than the ice seas of long ago, but still, in  studying them we learn to understand the old  glaciers. In traveling down valleys those  ancient glaciers left traces of their journey.  Over all the places where the ice seas passed the  rocks are rounded and highly polished. A field  of these rounded rocks, when seen from a distance, looks like a field filled with sheep crouching on the ground, and Swiss geologists have  called them "sheep-like rocks." As the glaciers  moved down the valleys, great rocks, frozen fast  in the ice on the sides and at the bottom,  scratched and marked other -rocks as they 'passed  by and oyer them. Sometimes these scorings  are very broad and deep, for the immense rocks  the glaciers carried were like strong, powerful  tools in the grasp of a mighty engine; sometimes the lines are as fine as those of a fine engraving. They usually run all one way, and by  looking at the direction in which the lines run,  one can tell the direction in which the glacier-  moved. The height at which these scratches  occur tells 'something-'of the depth of the ice.  Markings at various places indicating that the  ice attained a depth of almost a mile. On the  north side of Toad mountain, about 7 miles from  Nelson, glacial action is plainly visible. In the  Selkirk range, which extends north from the  Kootenay Lake country, is a great glacier belt,  where not only the movements of glaciers can  be seen, but miles on /miles of actual glaciers;  the one at the Glacier house, on the line of the  Canadian Pacific, being one of the smallest.  _____ __      ' __ _ ____; __ ; ' <c   " '    - ,  eoote������a~y~hotel  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  'NEJLSON,.B..C.  SODERBERG  & JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE   TABLE  is acknowledged  the best  in the mountains.  THE   BAE  is stocked  with the  best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  "The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District."  LAKEVIEW  H0U  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets.  JOHNSON   &   SWAHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  The-reputation-made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men. irjwrawwwMi^Hwiiigj^  waywwTiwwiwif!  k;">-  Wii  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   DECEMBEE  13,   1890.  ������������������.���������������������������"���������.;''KELS0]Sr and SPEOAT.  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at^ any mine in the  district.   Orders from lake points promptly filled.  AC K    T  running between Nelson and Sproat, and' between Nelson  ���������"and-adjacent, mines.    Will  contract to deliver  mining machinery on any mine in  the district.  ' '���������'. -',���������&-������������������ -      '     ' ''���������--.���������  All Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  promptly forwarded to destination.,.,-  '.'CORRAL AND STABLING  at both Nelson and Sproat, where saddle animals can be  '    hired and job wagons 'engaged.  KELSON OFFICE AID MAKKET:  Canadian Pacific Eailway  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  &q$mm^\\  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  i<ro OBE^^3Nrei-E3S_  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick: despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay Lake .Shippers will be con- \;  suiting   their   own  interests'. ���������;  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  STEAMER   "LYTTON"  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE  every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  VANCOUVEE,  NEW WEST  VI0T0EIA,  g fMONTBEAL,.  NEW WESTMINSTEE, tl^^^^r^  w  OIEHO^G-O.  AND  ALT.  POINTS  EAST.  For rates,  maps,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc., apply to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D.  E.  BROWN,  Gen'1 Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Oen '1 .Fr't & i>as'r Ag't.  WjiNNTPEG,   MANrrOBA. VANCOUVER,   B.   C.  carry large lines of plain,-medium, and high-grade  furnit'ire. Parlor a'nd bed-room sets ranging in  price from ������0.50 to ������500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  take points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  MAIN STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Oifi.ce at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  CREAM   OF   THE   WOKIJJ'S   NEWS-  On the 2nd bar silver'was quoted rin New York at"������1.06  an ounce.  There,is danger of another outbreak among the Indians  on the reservations in Dakota and Montana. Those at'  Pine Ridge agency have already stolen 3000 head of cattle  belonging1 to the government and moved west into the  "bad lands," where they now number 1000, and are reported  as having plenty of provisions and ammunition. Sitting  Bull, who escaped to Canada after the Custer massacre, is  considered a leading spirit in the uprising, and will be  arrested as soon as he comes within the limits of the Rosebud agency. The uprising is said to have been started by  an Ute Indian named Johnson, who at one time lived on  tho Fort Hall reservation in Idaho." He claims to be a  "messiah," sent by the "Great Spirit," to lead the Indians  '��������������������������� from their white guardian ship.  Walkcrville, Montana, one of Butte's suburbs, is now an  incorporated city. For its first officers, the Republicans  have nominated William E. Hall for mayor, and the Democrats have nominated Michael McNamee for the same  position. Hall is superintendent of the Alice mine and  will be elected.  At New   York   city, on  the 1st, Jacob   Schaeffer and  . George F. Slosson played an 800-point game of billiards for  the championship of the world and ������1000. ,. Schaeffer won,  , making 800 points to Slossoh's 009. Scha.eff'er's highest  runs were, S7, 39, 73, 12S, 73, 27, 80 ; Slosson's, 12, 49, 42, GO, 57.  Schaeffer's average was 19 21-41; Slosson's 14 26-41.  During a blinding snow-storm at Montreal on the morning of the 4th, the Grand Trunk Chicago express was mistaken by a switchman for the Lachine train and switched  to the wharf track. The, engine was precipitated into lake  St. Louis. Engineer Brisbee was drowned and the fireman  ohad a narrow escape.1 The coupling between the engine  and baggage-car broke, thus saving the train from a worse  disaster. ,. .'.���������'.-"��������� ''  At the'eity election in Colvillc, Washington, on the 2nd,  E. D. Mirier was elected mayor and F. B. Goetter treasurer, they having no opposition. The councilmen elected  are: F. C. Hammond, W. H. Kearney, J. C. McFadden,  Louis Scheifcll, and dr. West.  A canvass of the Irish members of parliament belonging to the Home Rule party shows 53 ready to vote  against Parnell on the 'main question of retirement.  Ex-judge Turner and his partner Frank Graves, whipped major Clough and city-attorney Quinn in a go-as-you-  please tight in the district court-room at Spokane Falls on  the 4th. " The fight was.the result of an intimation by  Clough that if there had been any crooked work by the  city authorities of Spokane Falls, 'turner would have been  in it.  Within the next 2 months work will have been commenced upon hotel structures at Chicago which will cost  in the aggregate over ������13,000,000, and all of which are to be  completed within 4 months of the opening of the World's  fair. One structui'o, costing ������1,000,000, is. to. bo erected on  the lake front within a few hundred-yards'of'those features, of the'exposition that are to be located in that quarter, while 1 mile south on the same thoroughfare N. K. .  Fairbank, the great lard magnate, is to build a ������500,000  hotel, while a third, to cost ������350,000, is to be put half a mile  south,-and a fourth, to cost ������500,000, still another half mile  south. George M. Pullman has decided to erect a ������1,000,-  000 structure on his ground in.Hyde-Park, and architects  are now engaged on the plans, while a hotel of equal size  and cost is already under way within a quarter of a mile of  Jackson park, where the main features of tne exposition  will be located.  The mayoralty contest at New Westminster is between  John C lirown, the present mayor, legislative assemblyman-elect, and postmaster, and 'William B. Townscnd, ex-  mayor and produce dealer. At Vancouver, David Oppon-  heimer and ex-alderman McConncll are li..e candidates.  Opponheimer is the present mayor, tj'id , it dooteu will  serve his fourth term.  The problem is said to have been solved of treating siliceous ores, averaging between 75 and 80 per.cent silica, and  in which the-gold and silver are associated with very  finely disseminated iron pyrites. It is now reported "as being ..successfully accomplished with the Black Hills ore. It  is smelted with iron pyrites, producing an iron matte,  which collects the gold and silver.  A cablegram from Sydney says that Joe Choynski of San  Francisco, who last week defeated Jim Fogarty of Sydney  .' in an international light to a finish for a purse of ������2500 has  been challenged by Tom Lees. The Fogarty-Choynski battle .was. a desperate one, the betting being 6 to 5 against  the American; owing.to the fact that his opponent had previously defeated Bill Dunn'.and Tom Taylor, 2 of the best  pugilists of New South Wales. Fogarty is badly used up.  The San Francisco man will accept Lees's challenge.  It is-estimated by the treasurer of the United States  that the present stock of silver bullion in the United  States aggregates 13,000,000 ounces, and it is understood  that sccretary-of-tho-treasury Windom has submitted to  the president a proposition which has received the hitter's  approval,'asking congress to pass a bill authorizing the  purchase of that amount, in addition to the purchases now  being inade of 4,500,000 ounces per month, and that future  purchases 'be limited to the product of the American  mines.  Emin pasha, the man whom Stanley rescued, and over  whose rescue, tlie re lias been such .acrimonious controversy  and washing of dirty linen, has arrived at lake Victoria,  Africa, at the head of a German expedition. The expedition had a number of lights with Arab slave-traders, but  was successful in all engagements.  The commissioners of. the New- York and New .Jersey  bridge met on the 1st in New York city to consider the engineers' report. The engineers have fixed upon the following location : To cross at or near 71st street, curving to  the south and running near Nth avenue to a point- near'  38th street to the proposed union station, winch would be  bounded by Broadway, 8th avenue, 37th and 3!)th streets.  The line would be carried on a viaduct from a height of  150 feet at the bridge to (55 feet at the station. Tlie station  itself would be 200 feet wide by 1500 long and would contain room for 20 tracks. The bridge would be wide enough  for 6 tracks, 2 -passenger, 2 freight, and 2.rapid transit  tracks. The trouble the railroads west of the Hudson have  about the transportation of their freight and passengers  would be done away with.    The bridge will form the con  necting Jink between the east, west, and southern systems.  Responsible builders will construct it within 30 months.  Over 00.000,000 passengers would cross Hudson river and  ������1.0,000,000 worth of freight, and these will be landed right  in the center of New York, saving a delay of hours.  On the 5th mr. Gladstone held a conference with tnessrs.  Sexton and Healey,'representing theanti-Parnell members  of the Irish party, and messrs. Redmond and���������'Loamy, representing Parnell members of tlie same party. Gladstone,  at the conference, in no way pledged himself, nor did he  ; use language, importing, that he was able '.himself to define  the course that the Liberal party would adopt in the position in 'which it was placed..  Not so Visionary as it Appears.  A railroad to Alaska is one of the sure things  of the near future.    The latest information  in  this direct ion   is that arrangements  have been  concluded and capital raised by a syndicate of  St.   Petersburg,   Russia,   capitalists   and   some  promi nen t New York rai 1 way magnat es, among  whom   are   Henry  "Villa-rd, to   build a  railway  from Puget sound to Alaska,.    There have been  many     wild     transpacific    and     transatlantic  schemes, such a.s bridging Behring straits and  establishing a steamship line to Europe from  Hudson's bay; yet none, a few years ago, appeared more chimerical than the proposition to  build a.;-paying railway through the frozen  wastes of Alaska.-.��������� But now considerable interest is manifested- in, schemes of this kind. Alaska has many enthusiastic admirers who look  on it as the coming land of wealth and promise.  What Jay Cooke did in booming tho Lake Superior country, Villard and his friends propose to  do for Alaska.. Engineering parties have been  in the field all summer, and it is expected that  the line will be located next spring. The company has a capital of $1,500,000.  If You Have CojiI  Oil,   Learn  How  to,'���������Use U.  Although there is little likelihood of a supply :  of coal oil reaching Nelson  before spring, those  who expect to use lamps  when  it does   arrive  will profit by reading" the following in regard to  keeping lamps in  good order:      "To secure  a  brilliant, white light, a lamp needs a thorough  cleansing every little while. Thecal should be  poured out of the fount, leaving no dregs.on the  bottom. The fount should then be washed in  strong soapsuds, rinsed in warm water, and  dried. It should then be" filled with fresh oil.  The burner,should be boiled in soda and water,  until the network that crosses it is freed from  dirt and dust. If the wick has become clogged  with the sediment, replace it with a new one."  Time-of-l>ay as Well as Li^ht <>f Day to be Furnished.  The Nelson Electric Light Company not only  intends to supply light  to the people of Nelson,  but accurate time-pieces as well.    The company  is negotiating for the exclusive right to furnish  an electric clock that does not require winding.  An electric -buttery is concealed in the clock,  and motion is given to tlie pendulum by simply  opening and closing the circuit, in which action  a little magnet assists.. Charging1' the battery  occasionally-is all the care needed.  lam  IfcKVKIjSTOK'K,   K. ���������.  GRANITEWARE  AND  LAMP  GOODS.  Tin, Copper, and Sheet-Iron "Ware Made to Order.  First-class work guaranfed.    I'articular aftenfion'-paid  to   mail   orders from   mining  camps.  I have discontinued sidling lots in Hal four for the winter  nionths. This will give an opportunity for. holders to improve t he shining hours of winter bv selling to their friends  outside. CHARLES YVESTHY  HUSK.  Balfour, H. C, November 25th, 181)0.  During my absence from Kootenay, T. VincentThurburn  of Baker street holds my power-of-aftorney, and Mr. Saunders of .Balfour to act as my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms of the land act.  C If A ft I, ES W EST LY B U S K.Balfour, H. C, November 25th, 1890.  i ! ��������� i-  t,I  I.  .  i  '  i   i'  I.--!!'  ���������It-'.  (���������  :a  ;|:-l:  .-'.'������������������*" i!  ...fJ  II  8  THE MIWEE:    KELSON,  B.  0.,  SATUEDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1890.  Main Street,  REVELSTOKE  Railroad Avenue,  SPROAT.  ���������WBtOEBSA-LB   ^.IsflD  JR-HITJ^XIL,  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker-&.. Sons' -Whiskies.  Cor. Vernon and Josephine Streets,  SjtIA'ix    NH������������BTS'-   OF-' NEWS.  As soon as Joe Wilson is through ..with the Idaho she  ���������will be turned .over  to Dave Longley, Dela Fry, and  1.1.  Kilbury, who intend running her on the lake and outlet  during the winter, doing any towing that may otter.  The screw propeller Midge, captain T. J. Davies, being  in first-class order, will be kept on the lake this winter.  She can be chartered to do anything from to vying a boom  of saw-logs to carrying an excursion party., the Midget,  captain is one of the most experienced navigators on the  inland waters of British Columbia.  About 2 inches of snow fell at Nelson on Wednesday,  followed by rains which caused it to disappear. On l^riday  night the ground froze to .-a depth of several inches but the.  sun shone out 'bright and warm on Saturday. makang: the  air both balmy and bracing, much like that of a Heomary  day in the south of France.  When almost at the bank of the great unknown river  which no traveler has ever re-crossed, II. E. Lemon rallied  and is now out of danger. His physicians have advised  cmict rest and a freedom from all business cares for a  . time ��������� but,' the chances are, he will pigeon-hole their prescriptions and allow the winds to follow their advice, and  be up to bis eyes in business within a week.  The last of the Nelson- freight brought down to Sproat  bv the steamers on the Columbia will arrive by VV ilson s  pack train Wednesday. The animals will then be taken out  to the Kettle river range for the winter.  Thurburn is the only merchant in Nelson who has'Mack-  inaw jackets and Hudson Bay blankets.  John Thompson, Ed Roche, Jack Harkins, and-another  brawny Hot Springs .miner rowed from Ai������swortli to*cl-  son on Sunday, having a headwind allthc mj. ^f^  purchasing 2 tons of beef and other supplies tor the Ln^ ted  and No. 1 mines, not forgetting a many-colored^adii'w  iacket for "Jack" Thompson, the party started back eaily  Tuesday morning with a fair wind ana all sails set.  The non-arrival of needed supplies has placed McLean,  McKay & Flagcr, the log contractors, in rather a bad position. 'Without the supplies they cannot go on with the  contract of taking out the logs for the Da\ ics-Sav waid  mill, and they were unable to get a guarantee from tc  Rteamboatmen that the supplies would be brought ml ho  mules brought over from Sproat had to be taken back.  Even if the Galena makes another trip, there is no certain tv that the supplies would be brought along, as they  had not reached the Ferry when that boat left on her last  trip.  Reports from the Columbia river arc that the Dispatch  did not reach Revelstoke on her last trip, and that the  Marion charterers concluded not to tempt Providence and  fare likewise. However, several tons of freight will yet be  brought down on barges, and shipped through to Nelson  and Ainsworth by rail and water, as pack animals can  now be dispensed with.  John Sucksmith came in from Pilot bay this week and  reports 20 men at work around the Davies-Sayward sawmill. The mill building is now being enclosed. ������ ������e ina-  chinerv is said to be complete, and will cut about la,Ul(J  feet of'lumber a day.    The shingle-mill, planing-mil , and  molding machinery are  now in running order.   But few  morning   iiutuiiuiut.v   <-*L ���������������'   ,,w"    *'���������   *��������� "��������� :������=>    .   ,  logs are in the mill-pond, the Crossman logs not having arrived from the head of the lake.  George Herb writes to The Miner from Spokane Falls,  under date of the 5th : " I am organizing another mining  company, to operate in Hot Springs district. Mr. Herb is  interested in several claims in that district, and is secretary of the Columbia Mining Company, with capital stock  of ������500,000.  Personals: A. S. Farwell is in Nelson, on his way to  Victoria, where he will spend the winter. C. C Sproule,  the veteran prospector, arrived m Nelson by the Galena on  Tuesday. He will put in. the winter criticising 1 hk  Miner "and working the Missing Link mineral claim.  Dr. Arthur intends starting a drug store at   Nelson in  the spring. .._.:.........'    '.....    The  New Mail' Arrangements.  W. H. Dorman, assistant postoffice inspector,  arrived in Nelson on Wednesday, by way of  Marcus and Trail Creek.    He imports the trad  in bad condition.    xn������ uuui* .^   ���������     V   TViYo  try will leave Marcus on  Mondays, and be dis  patched from Nelson on Mondays. The mails  for Ainsworth will leave Nelson on Mondays,  returning in time to catch the following Monday's outbound mail. By this arrangement  there will be no long delays in the receipt of  mails, no matter how stormy the weather. Joe  Wilson is the contractor, and he intends keeping  saddle and pack animals between Marcus and  Sproat for the convenience of travelers. If the  senders of mail matter addressed to Spokane  Falls and other points in the United States wish  to avoid the delay Occasioned by sending the  matter in the closed sack to Victoria, they can  have such matter deposited at:Marcus for transmission- by simply placing the stamps of both  countries on their letters or papers.  Challenge.  The undersigned challenges Robert Purely to  a 15-minute rock-drilling contest, either single  or double, wet or dry, each contestant to  select his own turner. The contest to take  place at Nelson within 10 clays from signing articles of agreement. The match to be for any  amount from $10 to $50. As proof that I mean  business, I have this day deposited $5, as forfeit, with the editor of The Miner.  George Wilson.  Nelson, B. C, December 12th, 1890.  Bjai&flcrf  Eleven  HiincBrc*! 'Tons of Freight.  The steamer Galena, with a carrying capacity  of less than 20 tons, landed over 1100 tons'of  freight at Nelson and Ainsworth during the  season just cloeed. The bulk of this freight was  merchandise, as but little mining machinery  was brought in.  of men with small means can operate with as good results,  in proportion to the money invested, as syndicates of men  with large capital. For such syndicates there is no better  property to deal in than real estate���������Nelson real estate at  that. A syndicate with a cash capital of $500 can purchase  ELEVEN LOTS IN NELSON, FIVE OF THEM CORNERS, by applying to HOUSTON, INK & ALLAN, 14  East Baker street, Nelson.  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  REAL ESTATE  Bm������i%b?i  CONVEYANCING.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, E. 0.  UDSON'S   BAY  4-POINT BLANKETS  AND  MACKINAW JACKET!  AT  (Late Walsh's)  15 EAST BAKER STREET.  NOW ON SALE AT  ILKER & WELLS'S,  Postoffice Store, Nelson, B. 0.  H00YEE &0BADD0CK,  Kelson,  K. C.  Dealers in all kinds of Farm Produce  Consignments of Fresh Fruit will  be Received Weekly  from Spokane Falls.  All accounts due and all bills against the late firm of  Cook ������n: Hoover will be settled by the above firm.  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DKUGS,  PATENT  MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  CSGARS    AT   WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  ������jjiu)M������i������w������M������iiUiwniimiiJmjmiJm.

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