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The Miner Aug 22, 1891

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 Only Paper  Printed! in tne  Kootenay a.alce Mim  ing IMstrlcts.  For Rates  of Subscription and  Advertising  See Fourth Page.  MTMBEE 61.  rJELSOE",   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY*   AUGUST   22,   1891.  & A YEAE.  !        A    STAMPEDE   TO   KASLO A���������REEK...  The discovery of good ore on the headwaters  of Kaslo creek has created something like ah  old-time stampede in that direction. Men who  have bonanzas in Hot Springs district desert  them for the new camp, and 'prospectors- who  have sure things in Toad Mountain district do  likewise.    G. B. Wright of Ainsworth, who is in  Nelson, says that probably 50 min ers and prospectors have left Ainsworth in the last 2weeks,  all imbued with the belief that Kaslo creek is  an eldorado. Some of '.them have already returned, bringing ore that assays all the way  from a few ounces up to, several hundred.  Richard Irwin, who is interested in the Tarn  O'Shanter, a claim on the east side of the  lake, was also in Nelson this week, on his way  out to Canyon City, Colorado. He;-reports having assays made of'ore brought in by .James Bren-  <���������' nand. The returns showed that the galena ore  ran from $81 to $119 in silver, and that the decomposed vein matter next t he walls ran as high  as $303 in silver. The ledges are reported large,  some of them fully 20 feet in width, and apparently continuous and in place. The new camp  is located about 5 miles west of the lake and  from 12 to 15 from the.mouth-of Kaslo creek. A  trail is being cut from the ���������mouth' of Schroder creek, thence up the creek by, a moderate  grade and straight course to the Beaver, one of  the first claims located. This .trail will nor be  over 6 miles long. It is reported that townsites  have already been taken up at the mouths of  both creeks.  A ���������,    (hi  ihe  Lookout, for ������o!d   Proposition's... .,.  Montreal capitalists  are looking towards the  Kootenay Lake country as a profitable- field for  mining investments.    One-company has .already  become interested in claims-on tlie east side, of  the lake, and representativ.es of. another'company were at Nelson this.week in search of gold  properties. One of the representatives, Thomas  Drummond, a mining engineer, staled that  while he was not prepared to maker definite  offers for his company ar present, he would be.  on his return in the fall. The company has a.  process by which it is claimed any character of  gold orescan be worked cheaply and satisfactorily. Mr. Drummond was accompanied by C  E. Lyon of London, England, and they examined several claims on, Eagle creek'--before,  leaving.  A -Sueccssfui '5S/san  oh .&ood  <2>re.  The Revelstoke smelter, after making a short  mu, has  been closed down Until such time as a  supply of ''ore can be obtained. The,; ore from  the Monarch mine at Field was found to be too  refractory to work to advantage, the furnace  "freezing" twice in running through a few tons.  Afterwards 81 tons of good ore were t reated successfully. -President and mrs. Boyle left Nelson  on Thursday, expecting to sail from. New York  on September- 1st for their home in London.  They will return to  Kootenay in the spring. .;  Will he -in tne Field WiOsisi Two Weeks.  The Nelson <te Fort Sheppard railway engineer  corps will be in the field within 2 weeks, Wn' delay being caused by the absence, of- the chief of  the party in southern Idaho. Lines will first be  run from Cottonwood Smith lake to the outlet  at or near Nelson, a distance of from 5 to 7 miles.  Afterwards lines will be run down Salmon river  towards Fort Sheppard. The engineer party  will number about 20 men.  and Revelstoke the following day. The Lytton  will leave Little Dalles on Wednesdays and Saturdays, at 9 A. M. (before the arri val of the train  from Spokane), arriving at Robson the same evening and Revelstoke the following day. On the  ���������return trips, the Oolum bia will leave Revelstoke  on "Wednesdays arid Saturdays and the Lytton  on Mondavs and Thursdavs, ari'iving at Robson  at 6 P. M." and at Little Dalles at 8 A. M. the,  next, day (in time to connect with the train for  Spokane Falls). Connections are made, at Robson on both the up-river, and down-river trips  with trains for Nelson. The steamer Nelson will  run as advertised in The Miner.  ; EXTOBtTSOXATE. > FEE   COfiJLE���������T������>BSS.  Under the old mineral acta claim owner was  charged but $2.50 for i*ecording an annual assessment;   but   under   the   new   act   they  are  charged $6, that is, $2.50 for recording the work,  $2.50 for recording the affidavit, and $1 for filing  the affidavit. If this is the intent of the law, it  is difficult to see wherein .the law has been  changed to the benefit of the prospector. But  we do not believe it is the intent of the law that  any such charges shall be made, and we believe  that the mining recorder at Nelson in collecting  $6 is;.exacting the ''pound of flesh." Yet, it is  the duty of the "minister of mines to inform  iniiiing recorders as to the fees they shall collect  in the premises.    Willhe do it?  ; '..'-.Will >;Kotf Be'Started   Bin. . ���������',,  It is .now definitely k no wn that the Poorman  mine and mill will not be started up.thisa year.  The property is owned by the Husseys and the  Davenport's, the former* holding the controlling  interest. Their affairs are yet in a very unsatisfactory condition and likely to remain so for a  while, as the sale of the Morning mine, in the  Coaur d'Alenes, is likely to fall through. However, the ore in the Poorman will keep and the  mill is not likely to be eaten up by rust.  Sharp Curves  to  he- Straightened.  It  is reported  that   the Canadian  Pacific has  'decided to straighten out the sharp curves and  Otherwise improve its Columbia & Kootenay  branch and that men are now on the way from  the main line to do the work, laborers in the  lake country not being willing to work for $1.75  a. day. ft is understood that the road will not  be accepted by the Dominion government iinti'1  these changes, are made.  The  liootciiay  Lula4. Telephone CouipaBsy.    .-  Ainswort h will have telephone connection with  the mines in Hot Springs district the coining  week and with Nelson within a-month,' the contractors .now being at work stringing the wires.  Although the youngest, the Kootenay Lake Telephone Company will by fall'own and'operate  .more miles of lines''than any telephone company  in the province.  Made j������Iore. Than  Wages.  Two men who expected to go to work at the   f  Poorman mill were fold that if thev did tlie as- j  sessment. work on a claim adjoining the Poor-  man, and owned bv its owners, that thev could !  rim the'ore extracted through the mill and have j  the cleanup for their wages'. They accepted tlie ;  offer, and the run yielded thern a bar weighing  13 ounces, or $231. "  fr>  Four Through  Trips .a   Week.  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation  Company has issued a time card to go into oifect  today, the 22nd. The new steamer Columbia  will ieave Little Dalles on Mondays and Thursdays at noon (after the arrival of thetraim from  Spokane), arriving at Robson the same evening  Surveyed.  The Dictator, a claim in Hot  Springs district  owned by the Empire Consolidated Mining  Company, has been surveyed by A. S. Farweli,  and application made for a. crown grant.  Looking Well.  Reports  from   Toad   mountain   are   that   the  lower tunnel on the Dandy is in ore that looks  fine. No one begrudges its owners their good  luck.  TMireK    TB8EV   HAVE    A    BONANZA.  Apparently, men from the neighboring- state  of Washington  have the call  on the  big things  in the way of promising mineral  claims in Toad  Mountain district.     The original owners of the  Silver Kinggroup, of the Dandy, of the Iroquois,  of  the  Poorman,   and   of   the  Whitewater  all  hailed from the state named after the "father of  his country." But the above-named claims are  not the, only good ones owned by people who  make their homes in Washington. The Coplen  boys, who have interests in the Morning and  Evening, two properties about 3 miles west  from the Silver King, have a claim on the  wagon road, about 4 miles south from Nelson,  which promises to be one of the big things of  the lake country. The ledge is over 20 feet  wide arid'mineralized throughout, the solid ore  being in veins from 2 to 4 feet wide. The ore  is galena and carbonates, the gangue dolomite.  Thec ledge dips into the mountain fit an angle,  of about 45 degrees, but as the mountain side is  very steep the ground can easily be developed  by tunnelling. The claim is named the Helene,  and is within a few hundred feet of the wagon  road to the Silver King. A small force are now  at work on the property.  No Market  for  BjOtv-dirade,  Ores.  Frank Ernest, one of the most successful prospectors in the lake country, passed through Nelson this week on his way to Duncan Station,  Vancouver Island, where he goes in the hope of  finding hidden inineral wealth.     He staled that  it was useless for claim owners in,Hot Springs  district to extract ore, as there was no market,  for it, much of the ore being too low grade for  shipment at a. profit. He also stated that lip and  his partner took out 55 tons from one of their  claims, on the understanding that the Revelstoke smelter would pay them the value of tin-  silver ($20 a. ton) in the ore; but, for some reason,  the smelter people failed to live up to the arrangement, and the ore remains on the dump.  Mr. Ernest has a number of claims in the district, on several of which he has done considerable work.    _  Still-.BSooni  for One  More.     .  While  little is definitely   known at Nelson   or  Ainsworthregarding the intentionsof the parties  who hint that they intend building reduction and  other works- at Pilot bay, it is definitely known  that land near the Davles-Say ward sawmill on  the bay is to be surveyed for a townsite-���������-the  seventh on the lake. Still there is room for one  ���������more. c  "SinBtihg a  T>vo-4'oM������partiMeutAShatt..  The only work t hat is being done on the group  of claims of which tlie. Krao and United are. the  best developed is being done on the Tenderfoot,  owned by Ash worth & Jevons. A 2-compart-  ment shaft is being sunk and a. 10 x 60-foot ore  house ������������������ erected. Evidently, these gentlemen  came into the country to mine, not to kill time.  Worfi   to   he   BSesumed   on   the   Bevelling.  Development work will soon be commenced on  the Evening,   A.  I).  Coplen, one of the owners,  'being on the ground. Mr. Coplen says, although  tlie tunnel is in ore, a crosscut will be run to  definitely locate the ledge. The owners have  not fully determined the amount or character of  work to be done.  Tlie  Greatest. JMSue  He  liver Savr.  James   B.   Jones,   the. ' Spokane   lawyer   who  drew up the   document that   conveyed   'Make"  Cobaugh's interest in the ''richest, mine on  earth" to James Durkin, was in Nelson this  week. Before, returning to Spokane he took a  look at the Silver King, and pronounced it the  greatest mine he ever saw.  IP3^^^^^ THE  MIKEit:    ffELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  AUGUST  22,   1891.  /-ENGLISH..,  l*lt-������ROW-'   LASSES..  THEIR  LEADER, STRUGGLES, 'AND- VICTORY.  The "Pit-brow Lasses" of England and Wales  are about 6000 in number. They are the girls  and -.women of all ages who are-employed about  the"brows" or mouths of British coal and iron  mines. No other working women in England  have received so much notoriety from the press,  owing to various futile ..efforts in parliamentto  enact laws prohibiting such form of labor, and  ainoiig the lowly of England I have never come  upon a i no re .interesting.or- worthy classy=^~=?===���������;  In former times women were employed "below grass" in the English mines, and it is  scarcely 50 years since, in 1812, that all female  labor in '"the-underground, -.col ieri.es was put an  end   to,   almost   solely   by   the  efforts   of   lord  Ashley, afterwards famous earl of Shaftesbury.  Wholesome restrictions upon juvenile labor in  the mines were also imposed a  year later.    But  'previous-- to that time, ever since English coal,  iron,   and   tin 0\vere   first   mined,   the   labor  of  women   was u tilized  in a mari'k^ejtv revoltlug and  horriblebeyond description.    T%e^p^.ol;ubiti()ii of  female labor; itr mines was thereforfra^v^onder-  ful revolution.    In  Lancashire, Yorkshire, and  Wales it  was especially so.    Here thousands of  girls had found employment in the pits.    Their  chief labor was as drawers and "thrutchers" for  the colliers who cmf or dug theooal.   They could  never rise above this .worse- than slavish  condi-  t ion.    Many  could "pick1' as well as any man,  ,   and   at  times  "stood   turns" with   husbands or  brothers in this extraordinary toil.  -u  These female workers were chiefly girls from  12 to 20 years of age, and their work of drawing,  or "hurrying, "as it is called -'in-Yorkshire,- then  consisted   In   dragging   Ihe   coal   in   boxes   on  sledges oi-   in trucks on wheels from   the "stall"  where  the ..colliery was at work  to the shaft-of  t he pit.'���������.���������.Often the miners would  be cutting the  coal, as is now frequently the case, in a placenot  2 feet in height, and  from 1  to 2 miles from the  only outlet to the world above. ! Through pitch-  black passages, too low to permit of their standing uprigh t,. and up and down steep inclines they  were compelled to crawl, pulling the heavy loads  after then),   or "thrutching,"   that   is,   pushing  them from behind.    Frequently 2 or 3 children  were .-harnessed  together "to  thus  pull   one  oi'  more loaded   trucks.   -.Leathern  belts were  put  around their   waists,  and   then   the   little   ones  were fastened   together by a chain passing  between their legs from one belt to another, when  the  children ��������� crawled, ��������� scrambled,   and   tugged  along on their hands and toes after the manner  of four-footed animals.  The   distance   these   loaded   trucks had to be  hauled .was  in   most ca.ses frightful.    Instances  are authenticated where grown-up female drawers had  to  traverse over 5000 yards of rugged  galleries and inclines each journey, or in a day's  work were compelled  to travel a distance of 13  miles, always in a. stooping and often in a .'creep-'  ing   posture.    Then    there were   many 'sadder'  wrongs   and   outrages   in    those   underground  slave-pens, where the law was unknown and not  even dreaded.    One of the horrors'proven before  the house of commons was the case of a tiny lad  who was compelled to drag a truck along a mine  passage..scarcely 2 feet high, in which there was  a foot of muck and water, sothat:his' head could  be   scarcely   kept  above:'the   noisome,  stream.  The   infamous   treatment  of   women   in   these  mines is-only known   to their Maker.    The exposure of but the'fain test-.part of all this wrong  brought   instant    legal   prohibition   under'   the  gravest penalties.  But there was a large number of women left  in every colliery region, who clutched at any  manner of labor that would sustain life. A few  were alreadv working with men and lads at the  pit'brow. Gradually nearly all of this work���������  such as dumping the trucks from the "cage" in  which thev are "brought to surface" from the  bottom of the mine shaft, screening the coal and  sorting out the slate and stone, loading the coal  wagons with the coal ready for the market, and  carrying the coal dust to the ovens, where it is  transformed into coke ��������� came to the lot of  women. Theoretically the collier opposed it at  the public house and in meetings of his union.  Practically, he secretly supported it, for his  brother might have been killed in an explosion  and the wife or daughter at the pit brow took  up the fight for bread where death had checked  it, and his own arm or leg might be picked off  some day in the machinery* and his own mother  or wife could spring to the spade or screen and  do a nian'slabor for half -man's wage.  So for a name for them all, though many were  lasses no longer, and I have seen  women of 50  and  00  years working  nimbly.-at  the  screens,*-'  thev came to be known as "Pit-brow Lasses."  and in   time got nearly all the pit-mouth  labor  info  their  dextrous   hands.    But,  a  few   years  ago,   niutterings   were  heard  in thbse districts  like  Northumberland   arid   Durham,   where   no  women were employed, against  the system.    It.  meant, these fellows who had all the labor themselves said,  the impoverishment of that  many  .men. and  often   of  that   many  families.    Then  ���������came a  miners' conference at  Birmingham,  in  Ja n nary of 1885, an d a resolu t i on  t he re pa sSed  that women should not be allowed to work about  the.;mines was covertly inserted as a elause in  the   Coal   Mines'  Regulation   Amendment,   bill,  which came up for -debate in  the house of commons   in   March,   1880.    This   was  followed    by  broadsides against  women's  pit-brow   labor  in.,  the Miners' Journal and other influential trades'  papers, as well as in a horrifying leader, in the  London Lancet.    Then a vast armv of female re-  form champions, headed by Emily Faithful, who  ���������afterward confessed her error in the matter, be-  j   gan writing to the press, writing to members of  J   parliament,  and   writing to anybody else  who.  j   would assist in advertising their interest in the  |   matter, much after the manner of our own noble  !   phalanx of the shrieking sisterhood; and for a  ���������   time it. seemed  that the "poor pit-brow-lasses, as  !. the bill was to be acted on" the   following May,  1 -would be given short shrift at the mines.  The   wily   trade   unionists who  were cannily  using the various sentimentalists of England in  order to merely give 0000  men the placets to be  ..made vacant by 6000 Worn en, very shrewdly put-  forward   the  unanswerable' proposition,   where  the pit-brow lasses  were unknown, and had  no  one to speak for them, that their occupation was  "uusexing;" that it'was so, laborious.as to greatly  shorten human life; that it led to immorality in  its sodden, machine-like mixing of men and women ;  that the dress of trowsers and short petticoats was indelicate and improper; and that idle  and vicious habits were engendered in the bus-   j  bands of women so employed.    The whole conn-   j  .-try wasastonished and horrified at the discovery   ,  of this, hew blot on civilization.    It accordingly ..!  arose unanimously with the sponge, as it were,   I  of government interference in its hands to wipe   j  it out. I  Then one lone woman also arose. This one j  lone woman, almost unaided, defeated the entire |  efforts of the entire trades unions of England; j  conquered the opposition or indifference of two I  ho'me secretaries, Child ers and Matthews, in succession ; moulded public opinion to the cause of  the pit-brow lasses, and achieved o\\^ of the  most remarkable social and labor victories ever-  won in Great Britain.  It is a pleasure to make such a woman better  known to .Americans.' Her name is Margaret  Park, late mayoress of Wigan." Her husband,  who died in November, 1890, was a leading iron  merchant there, and perhaps the most popular  individual in Lancashire���������the one exception being his wife. He was elected to the mayorality  for 5 successive terms,, between 1882 and 1888,  the same being counted an extraordinary honor,  as Wigan is the oldest borough in Lancashire,  having a. municipal history dating from the days  of chivalry and the crusades. The city is the  center of the Lancashire coal and iron trade. It  is a district of collieries and colliers. Mrs. Park  is a Lancashire lady by birth, and had all her  life striven for the betterment of the lowly. She  is a, shining example of a thoroughly cultured  woman of "wealth making use of her gifts and  means in her own neighborhood, without requiring a "mission" or tlie recognition of the Sunday  papers in order to reach the highest fruition of  her genius for good. She consequently knew  these Lancashire folk in their every-day toil and  in their homes. Naturally she was beloved and  almost idolized. And she knew, too, possibly  because a woman, and because of intelligent  studies and practical ministrations, the merits  of the pit-brow woman question perhaps better  than any other living man or woman.  These 6000 helpless women had no defender.  She instantly became one. By clear and truthful presentations of their morality, their health-  fulness, their need aud that of those dependent  upon them, and the injustice of the proposed de  privation, of their only means  of   subsistence,  .-with  her ringing urgency upon the influential  women   of England   of the principle  that   all  avenues for voluntary labor by worn en  should  be expanded rather than restricted,'.-'such noted  women   as Emily Faithful,  lady Lathom, and  Lydia Becker, of woman's rights fame, gave the  pit-brow women's cause their.support instead of  c > ppos i t i o n.    I n t el I ig^n 11 y   p resc n t ed   f ac ts   and  clear, cogent   logic on  the subject  were at once  supplied to home secretary Childers and to members of parliament.    With   the enthusiastic cooperation   of vicar, Mitchell  of   Pembcrton,   an  ".important  colliery  town '���������hear.'- Wigan, where a  large number of women  work at the pit-brow,  -..'������������������great meetings of the   pit-brow  women   themselves  were  held,  and  these  were  followed  by  like great gatherings in Yorkshire and Wales.  This class of women are noted for, their integ-  ritv and   bluntness.    "They are iannock right  through," as they say in Lancashire.    They not  only  have ready tongues,   but thei'e was a, to  them,  terrible conviction and necessity  behind  their rude speech.    Petition ������after petition  was  despatched   to   London.     These   ex t rao'rdi na ry  gatherings of exfra.ordinary women,with an extraordinary woman/as their leader, interpreter,  and  deliverer-, had an   electrical effect through-  out  Britain.    A   complete   revulsion   of  feeling  and conviction was the result.    .;������������������'.  Not content with this, mrs. Park insisted that  now as the pit-brow lasses had been heard at  home they should also be hea,rd in, London:  within the a wfulssilences of the home secretary's  office, if needs be. But mr. Childers had heard  such tales of the "Amazons" in the press, and  read such tragedies of them, in the shillingshock-  ers, and seen such hideous representations of  them inc.the illustrated prints, that this was too  mueh. No,B; obdignagian, sooty heroines,armed  with shovels, spades, screens, clogs, and perhaps  picks, for him! The hint of their readiness to  swoop down upon him with what had .already,  been done, and the press of England now being  unanimous against.the'measure, were seemingly  sufficient. The .prohibitory clause was withdrawn, and the pit-brow lasses of England and  Wales were 'destined to remain a permanent  British institution. , *'/  But their first victory was a temporary one.  The trades unions, appearing to accept defeat  graciously, were only awaiting better opportunity. Just, a year later, early in the spring of  1887, word came to inrs. Park from London that  the clause against pit-brow women's work was  again being pressed, secretly but powerfully, by  11 'ad e s union * a n d o t h e r . p o 1 i t i ca 1 in fi u e n c e, an d  that there was 'great danger of the government  recommending the measure, through the then  new home secretary, rnr. Matthews.  Mrs. Park at once determined that the pit-  brow women should go in person before parliament and the home secretary. She-wrote and  telegraphed mine owners employing women to  call meetings, explain the threatening danger,  and ask the women at the mines to elect by ballot 2 of their number from each mine to join  the deputation. This was done, ihe lasses bearing their own expenses by subscription, so that  ���������no" .taint of mine owner's interest could be  charged. A special train was secured, and away  sped the unique deputation to the great city.  A continuous ovation greeted t hem all the way  to London. Mrs. Park "had meantime secured  permission from secretary Matthews to present  the deputation. The women were lodged at the  Girls' Club and, Home, Soho square1. Their  arrival created the greatest interest and excitement. Royalty itself never attracted greater  crowds. They were taken to parliament house  and were also granted a, peep at the house of  lords. The lawmakers of Great Britain were  won over in a body.  The next morning the entire London press  rang with their praises, pathetically told the  story of their toil, and denounced those who had  threatened the prohibition of their arduous and  honest, labor. Then came the memorable parade or demonstration through Regent street*  Oxford street, along Pall Mall, across St, James  park and Whitehall, and on to Westminster  hotel, where 4 of the girls were robed in their  odd pit-brow costumes. Then the procession  moved on the home office, a million Englishmen  cheering them as thev'went. Here mrs. Park  laid their claims before mr. Matthews in a few  ringing sentences, which literary critics have  asserted comprised the briefest yet most, splendidly logical and powerful address ever pronounced by English woman in any cause.    Nor  ^t^^HtKiR^^^i&til^iiM^'Ki  ggfig5^v8g^tf^.gm^&S^^ w*.T&sn= f%l%n  THE  MINEE:    KELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUfiDAY,  AUGUST 22,   1891.  Wright Street,  Wright Street,  DEALEKS   Ilsr  Miners' Supplies, Iron and Steel, Hardware,  Dry Goods, Clothing, Men's  i, Provisions, Boots and S  Furnishings, Etc., Etc.  nsr. IB.  Having bought the stock and book debts of the late firm of E. S. WILSON & GO., all parties having outstanding accounts  are requested to o call and settle them as soon as possible.  were the lasses 'the,mselves' slow of speech. Their  ignorance of the sedate formalities of the place  led to innumerable vociferous and pointed interruptions. They "cam oop to Lunnun to speaak  Oot, ,'n'speaak oot tha wud!"  The home secretary listened and questioned,  finally dismissing- the unique deputation   after  assurance  that  they should  not  be  interfered  with, and  the hope that   their representatives  "would  so'influence public  opinion  that   they  would   hear no more  in   many years of an attempt   to interfere with an honest and  praiseworthy industry."    And so the pit-brow lasses  won.    But I have often  thought it a pity that  some great painter could not have caught this  splendid   scene,   where   the   hopes  of   the 6000  women���������whose work and home life  I shall de-  scribe.in   a succeeding  article���������were  centered:  The home secretary of a mighty  government,  with all - the austerity and insigna of state surrounding him, reserved, puzzled, yet thoroughly  kindly;   one   woman,   accotnpanied   by  famous  women, lords and commoners, standing before  him   as  petitioner,  her  face���������the  prototype  of  that noble one the artist has given us in Isabella,  before whom   Columbus   is   urging his  cause���������  beaming with   infinite   kindness   and  subduing  glances upon her Irrepressible charges, yet half  turned in grave respect and apprehension to the  one who could grant or defeat her aims; and to  complete the picture, a crowd of rosy-cheeked,  buxom,   pit-brow    lasses,    with    heads   craned  eagerly forward, their sparkling eyes wide with  wonder and alert attention, lips half parted as if  to  "speaak oot" on  the  slightest  pretext, and  every one of the sturdy wenches with ..muscles  tense   with  anxiety, and   the   whole  figure,   in  posing and attitude, unconsciously the embodiment of defiance and defense.  Edgar L. Wakeman.  ���������Wigan, England, July 28th, 1891.  the  Lost .a  Kiver.  According to the Los Angeles Herald,  Southern Pacific railway has lost a river in  southern California, and in consequence has a  bridge whose occupation is gone. The Whitewater'-river has flowed from the Sierra. Madre  mountains across the sands of the region just  north of the Seven Palms as long as any one can  remember.    The station of Whitewater was located where the river crosses the railway, and  was    supplied   with   water   from   its   current.  During the recent heavy rains the'Whitewater  rose   in   its   might   and   devastated   the   whole  country round  about,  washing out  the   bridge  and the roadbed and  playing the  mischief generally.    Soon   the rains  and   the   river stopped  simultaneously, and the river has not been found  since.     It appeared to become ashamed of itself  for  doing  so   much   harm, and has apparently  slunk away in disgust and sorrow.    It is entirely  gone.    At no point does it cross the -railroad, as  it  would   have to  do were  it still in existence  in some new course.    The railroad company, in  order to secure water for its station at Whitewater, has been obliged to build a pipe lineway  up to   the mountains, at considerable  expense.  All  last  summer,   during   the   hottest,   dryest  weather, the river ran placidly along���������in fact, it  has never failed until after its "jag" of this winter.    Now it forms one of the mysteries of that  mysterious  region,  the  Colorado   river desert,  and perhaps is flowing by the Pegleg mine, and  possibly rippling beside the treasure-laden Spanish galleon, which lies somewhere in that region  buried in sand.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  EAL ESTATE AND MINES  OOIWEYANOING,  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission.   Conveyancing documents drawn up.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  Henry Anderson,  ���������        ,.    . Notary  Public.  John L. Reta llack.  Anderson & Retallack,  Real Estate and Mining Brokers,  Conveyancers, Etc.  Crown Grants  obtained  for Mineral Claims.  Agents  for 'Absentee Claim Owners.  Collections Made.  Correspondence Solicited.  Office in Townsite office. Sutton street, Ainsworth, 13. C.  amber, Thynne, and Henshaw,  Real Estate, Mining Brokers,  AND  Insurance Agents.  Water Street,  VANCOUVER  West Baker Street,  NELSON.  erchants of the  of the Kootenay Lake Country, and others whom  it may Concern and Interest:  My stock of sample goods, consisting of tlie following  lines, is now open for inspection, and I am prepared to receive orders for any amount. Fine clothing of all sorts,  (under-and over-), boots, hats, (over 100 different,-including, men's, boys', and girls'), towels, ties, braces, blankets,  carpets, mats, needles, thread, cotton, buttons, etc.  Prices will be quoted to merchants f.-o. b. at the nearest  wharf, thus saving them all trouble with custom or freight  agents, and so forth. Special inducements for cash payments on large orders. Call andi see the stock before  ordering your fall supplies, and I think you will be pleased.  A small stock also on sale to retail customers.  CHARLES  WESTLY  BUSK,  Balfour, B. C.  DELL &  state  Corner  ISaltcr and Stanley Streets;  NEfcSON,   15. C.  11T"V"E S T M EITTS  FOR NON-RESIDENTS A  SPECIALTY.  KENTS'-.-COLLECTED:.;........... .DEBTS-   COLLECTED  eu> EQ L������/\ Ini U O  Landscape Photographers,  WEST BAKER STREET, NELSON.  Views of Nelson and all  the most interesting scenery iu  British Columbia.  Dealers   in   Steel   Engravings,- Etchings,    Photogravures, Archotypes, etc.  Picture Mats and all kinds of Framing done to order.  NELSON, B. C.  are now settled in. their new store, No. 2 Houston & Ink  building, and have on display a full range of  Plain and Fancy Worsted Suitings and Scotch and  Irish Tweeds and Serges.  PRICES TO SUIT THE TIMES  BALFOUR, B. C.  Wholesale,   !������etiail.   and   Commission  Merchant.  Dry G-oods and Groceries.  FIVE  PER CENT DISCOUNT  will be allowed on all retail  CASH purchases, of over $5,  on any line of goods.    Liberal discounts on CASH  wholesale orders.  John Houston.  Charles IT. Ink.  Houston & Ink,  BUY   AND  SELL  Town Lots  and  Mineral   Claims,  ON   COM MISSION.  Have now for sale 2 of the best hotels in Nelson ; choice  Baker street corner and Vernon street inside lots; lots in  Ainsworth ; and mineral claims in Toad Mountain district.  OiHcc  in  Miner  iStiiltfin?,   Baker Street.  Mi THE  MIME:    MJLSOrJ,   B.  0., -SATUEDAY, .AUGUST  22,   1891.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B.'.C,  H.   &.   T.   MADDE  Proprietors.,  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with a, frontage  cowards Kootenay  river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  T ZE3I IE      T _A_ 13 Xj IE  is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate, supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED   WITH   THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  VernOn Street, near Josephine.  kelson, is. c.  AXEL  JOHSMSON,  PROPRIETOR.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE  TABLE  is  acknowledged   the best  in the mountains.  tzhzie ib_a_:r,  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands..  East  Baker Street,  Nelson,  Is one of the best hotels in Toad Mountain district,  and is tlie headquarters for prospectors and  working miners.  The Table is not Surpassed by that of any Hotel  in the Kootenay Lake country.  At the Bar is Dispensed Fine Liquors and Cigars,  and the bed-rooms are newly furnished.  MALONE   A   TREGILLKJS.  . PROPRIETORS'  TRAIL,   IB. V.  TOPPING & HANNA. Proprietors  iiooa Table; tiood Reds; Ifyas-Closc Liquors.  S WKTZERL'ANI*   IN    THE   COMING    CONFLICT.-  The industry of Switzerland in fortifying St.  Got hard suggests that she is in a state of alarm  lest she be surprised by the outbreak between  tliegreat powers, which, though long deferred,  is none the less inevitable.    It  is a gratifying  spectacle���������the stolid determination of this little  Alpine democracy to .'affirm', its independence in  the  preservation  of  neutrality between   races,  either of  which  could swallow and assimilate  ���������her without difficuly.  Throughout the recent years of diplomatic intriguing she has maintained her lofty and honorable course, without suffering from the slightest suspietioh of bad faith.    Bourdonnet, Droz,  and her great republican leaders, have remained  invulnerable to the tendered favors of kings and  emperoi's;, the  alternate  wiles  and   threats   of  Bismarck, and the blandishments of the French.  Though imbued with ideas antagonistic to the  .-.varied forms of home rule adhered to doggedly  in the ancient cantons, they have represented,  in the truest and most patriotic sense, the integrity of  a federalism the  people of  the  United  States had to .-confirm ������������������ with blood.    It is a striking  proof  of  the  permanent   establishment  of  federated democracy as "well as a glowing tribute  to the organic, force of the constitution of- the  United States, to which Switzerland is indebted,  .that, the  Alpine   union,  composed  as  it  is   of  "three anti-pathetic peoples, should stand uncor-  Tupted and resolute between the jealous and inimical nations of a continent that is beset with  secret  hostilities.    The benefits of free government, the virtue of franchise, and the probity of  politicians and statesmen arejn  no quarter- of  the. civilized world so strikingly expressed as in  the Swiss federation.    To it the' American ^pessimist���������addled by theponderous questions and reactionary reforms which naturally: attend such  progress and prosperity as the greater republic  has enjoyed���������can turn for hopeful examples.  ���������While it is neither set forth by convention nor  set down in agreement, it may be presumed that  the sentiment of the Swiss would lean toward  the French republic in case of a, European con-  fl a g rati on. With St. Goth a i -d i m p veg n a hi e a n d  the French intrenched at Mt. Cenis, the Italians  would find it well nigh impossible to make a  success of the Fabian tactics contemplated in the  triple compact, inasmuch as in these days of  rail road expedition they would scarcely dare to  face tlie heights of theSimplon with the burdens  and carriages of war. Brenner pass would afford them an avenue for concentration 'with the  Austro-Hungarian forces, but the armed .neutrality of the Swiss would enable the French to  hold the southern frontier with a mere fragment  of an army whose main strength would be hurled  against, the German bulwarks of the Rhine.  '"Despite the signs of approaching conflict, Russia will scarcely begin he strategic movements  in the Balkans for the ultimate possession of the  Bosphorus until her maximum of actives and  reserves has reached the 10,000,000 estimate made  for 1893; and France will never strike for the  Rhine possession until Russia is ready to touch  the torch to the military establishments of  Europe. ^  Declaration of war is at all times and in all  countries difficult to predict, a.nd the ambition  or petulance of William, combined with the  hope of suppressing the internal socialistic-strife  of his empire with a war which would unify the  patriotism of his people, may upset the calculations of the czar, but the Russians have a plan  and its action is intended to begin when the  Americans are opening the greatest industral  and peace exhibition the -world has known.  ;<  The  Finest Hotel in Toad  Mountain  District."  Corner West Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, II. ���������.  JO  PROPRIETORS.  lie Silver King is a new building and furnished with new  furniture from kitchen to attic.   The table will not  be equalled by any hotel in Nelson.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IM ITELSOi  The International has a cqrhfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms arc large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE  IS  NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  EOTEI  EAST   YERNON   STREET,   NEARBIALL.  THE GRAND  WILL BE  CONDUCTED  IN  GOOD  STYLE  AND-AS  IT FRONTS ON THE OUTLET  IT IS ONE OF THE  BEST SITUATED HOTELS IN NELSON.  THE DINING-ROOM IS NOT  SURPASSED  BY THAT OF ANY HOTEL ON THE LAKE  AND THE BAR WILL  ALWAYS   BE   STOCKED   WITH   CHOICE  LIQUORS AND CIGARS.  PROPRIETORS.  KALFOII.R,   15. C.  FLINT & GALLOP, Proprietors.  The BALFOUR commands a fine view of the Outlet and  Lake, and will be kept second to no hotel in  Hot Springs district.  Balfour is easily accessible to the mines in Hot Springs  district, and is in tho center of a large area of mineral country not yet prospected.   Tt is also  within easy distance of the Kootenay  Lake and Pilot Bay sawmills.  ALL   THE   ROYS   ������0   TO  No. 15 RjiSser Street,  when they are looking for fun.   The best of wines,  liquors, and cigars always on hand.  iMMWMsmzmmtmmmmmtmms  Wlbmmk THE  MDTEB:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,  AUGUST  22,  1891.  5  NELSON  SAWMILL  CO.  Yard s   At end of Flume in Nelson*.  Mill:   Two Miles Sowtta of Nelson.  Manufacture  OLDINGS,  The mill is now in thorough order  And Will Out 20,000 Feet a Day.  Orders for special-size, stuff will receive prompt  attention.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Lumber��������� good, bad, a,nd indifferent.-- on  hand or made to order.  G. 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January loth.  e  es  awmi  MANUFACTURERS OF  OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.  PRICE  LIST  (DELIVERED AT NELSON,  AINSWORTH,   OR   BALFOUR).  ���������   DRESSED.  No. 1 flooring, 4 inch, per M  $32 00  No. 2         "        6 inch,     "       ....:  27 00  xVo. 1 ceiling, 4 inch,       " ���������. 32 00  No. 2        "       G inch,       "  27 00  Rustic,                                 "  27 00  Select clear, DD,              "  40 00  No. 1 common, D,             "  25 00  " .       DD,          " .  27 00  Bar and counter tops, clear, per foot.  10  KOIJttM.  No. 1 common, per M  $20 00  No. 2        " "     15 00  Culls, "     12 00  Shingles, " .-      4 50  MOLDINGS.  Bead, panel, crown, base, etc., etc., per foot 2������@10c  Mills at Pilot Ray, Kootenay Lake.  .' 0. Spalding,   .   .   ..    Manager  R. F. FERRY, Agent at Nelson.  BREMNER ������& WATSON, Agents at Ainsworth.  POORER   RUT   WISER.  William Lidderdale, the governor of the Bank  of England, has consented to make a statement  to the  public in consequence  of the alarming  stories in America and on the continent to the  effect that a general financial crash is near at  hand and that the British banks are afraid to  let, the full situation be known for fear that it  would precipitate a panic throughout the world.  These rumors have been growing in intensity  since the embarrassmentof Baring Brothers a  few -months.-.ago. Mr. Lidderdale is the official,  pilot of British finances, and his utterance is  probably the only one that would be accepted  as beyond suspicion arid beyond dispute. In an  interview mr. Lidderdale said:  "I wish to say emphatically that there is no  basis for the reports that a greatfinancial disaster is impending in Great Britain. It is quite  untrue that any important banking house is in  danger save one, and the affairs of that one are  now in hand; .As for the chartered banks, they  are all sound, so far as I know. There have been  great losses, it is true, but these losses have  been 'spread over large numbers of persons, and  as a rule the losses have been already met and  paid, leaving the loosers poorer, but still solvent.  There/will be a few failures, of course, but none  of importance���������none that could affect the.money-  markets.    >,,  '  "The result of the great losses in South  America and elsewhere has been to bring people  to their senses. Speculation has completely  stopped. Tbe������difference between the wildness  of last year and the depression of this is t he  difference between convex and concave���������where  there was a hill there is now a hole.. The people are poorer and wiser; that is the truth of  the matter. The talk about a coming panic is  unfounded. There are two \vays in which losses  can come upon the market; one is the acute  form of panic, the other is the watered form,  dullness, lack of speculation, and distrust. As I  said before, the losses are already known, and,  in most cases, already paid. One of the good  results of the syndicates, trust companies, and  the like, is to divide losses among the multitude  and so prevent crashes."  It would not be fair to quote mr. Lidderdale  too particularly, but he gave many details during the interview showing that the financial'  situation is sound. I am in a position to say on  my own responsibility that Baring Brothers  occupy a strong position. When the Bank of  England took the affairs of that great house in  hand its liabilities were about ������22,000,000. At  present Baring Brothers owe less than half a  million pounds, although there is a liability to  the Bank of England of ������7,000,000. This liability, however, in no way concerns the public.  The Baring's affairs were found to be in an entirely solvent condition, a mere matter of getting time.  The 'wonderful thing is that Russia did not  strike a blow at England by withdrawing gold  during,the past few months. It is the policy of  Vichnegradsky, t he Russian minister of finance,  to keep vast quantities of gold on deposit in  English houses. He cantata critical time, force  the bankers to assist the Russian loans by  threatening to withdraw gold, or embarrass  England by creating a panic. This was the  only over-shadowing danger in the recent crisis.  Now that issue has been met, and Russia could  not bring about a crash even if she wished.  Sized  lip as a 31 an of 'dreat Ability.  At a, meeting held in London, to take steps to  erect a memorial in England to sir John Macdonald, lord Dufferm, who at one time was governor-general of Canada, paid the following  tribute to Canada's late premier:  "As an ex-colonial governor, I should instinctively shrink from identifying myself with the  political program of any party or- any ministry.  It is our especial duty as governors to stand  aloof from that severe political warfare which  occasionally rages around us. But we-are assembled here to do honor, not to a consummate  party leader, or a skilful tactician, but to a great  imperial statesman, who, as the trusted minister  of the crown and the chosen representative of  the Canadian people during so many years, used  his great abilities ami industry and zeal to promote the best interests of her majesty's Canadian subjects, and to maintain unimpaired those  ties of interest and affection which, I trust, are  long destined to bind the peoples of Canada ancL  Great Britain in a fraternal union.    Before concluding these brief observations, I cannot help  desiring to bear my personal testimony to those  engaging and Moveable qualities which endeared  sir John Macdonald to every '-representative of  the crown that was sent over fro hi this country  to assume the reins of government.   His equable  and genial temperament,-'his delicate courtesy,  his genuine kindness, his considerate frankness*',  rendered  him  one  of the  most charming and  satisfactory public men with whom I have ever  had the good fortune of being associated in the  conduct of public business.    Above  all   things,  this in list  be placed to the record of his great  qualities���������that he always showed a proud eagerness to take upon  himself the responsibility of   '  whatever line of action the head of the Canadian   government  may   have   pursued   on   his  recommendation,     to    shield    him    from    any  popular resentment to which that action may  have given rise, and at the same time -show the  most  scrupulous anxiety to avoid  the slight est  .'appearance of sheltering either  himself or his   !  party behind tlie prestige or-1 he authority of the  crown.    A   firm   friend,   a  most   generous  and  placable opponent, .a. charming companion, an  affectionate husband, and a most tender father,  sir John  Macdonald, after a long life spent in  the service of his country, has descended to the.  .grave.mourned by his sovereign and all her representatives, passionately regret ted by his personal friends and adherents, respec,t"ed by those  who most differed from him in political opinions,  and universally  honored by the Canadian people.    In these circumstances it seems to me only  natural that Canadian lamentations should find  an echo in  English hearts, and that we, on this  side of the water, should.-desire to', mark our appreciation, our reverence, and our love of one  who so nobly fulfilled his duty, and left us all so  bright arid honorable an example.    During the  last half  century,  in   the fmif^qimrtersAOf. the  globe,.- there  have   been, colonial   statesmen   of  first-rate   ability   endeavoring   to  advance   the  fame and the material interests of England and  of Englishmen; but amongst t hem, to my mind,  no name-will shine with .more conspicuous brilliancy on the page of history, both in regard to  the length of his service and the success of his  administration, t han that of sir John Macdonald.  I    Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work, finished on-timet  SE^SOlsTED    LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Gor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  E. J. M0WAT & CO.  (Successors to R.-.T. Hilts & Co.)  Contractors and Builders,  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Will contract to erect all kinds of buildings and guarantee  satisfaction.   Shop: corner Josephine and KluflAsts.  ARCHITECT,  CONTRACTOR  AM)   BUILDER,  A INS WORTH,. IS. C.  Flans, specifications, and estimates furnished for  all classes of buildings.  FOOT   OF WAKI)   STREBST,  ISAIAH  STEVENSON, Proprietor.  Boats to  hire  by the hour or day at reasonable rates.  Boats built and repaired.  -'A 1'M^f ���������.������������������"A   "  .*'���������'.lit-' - ���������v...v������%.,������ ;��������� ���������������*���������(������������������ ���������-���������������.:.; '-.a:.*.*) ��������� ���������j'-'i ?-.,b-v-'i.������������������'���������'i������������������x--:rt u\.:*������iW!i "fiR ������������������������������������"���������..'.���������.��������� ������irr{.".."-..v.',-.-( \-;-\!ii->��������� .-.*���������>&'-r.V'-.t-si-.^,������������������;>.&:?���������.������������������: .���������::  T?r  Tn^T^TFi,T..BVVJf:.,.Vgl--':i'-.7g^TC''".v..-'.rr-i mwju'Mrma-i  'J**,f.i"!VWi'Sa..a.-;*-S"  .������������������V."f i:i.r-l-i|." :k.C-^.ll:'-r ,J, ���������!���������.'��������� A*  tiis-M-it'-i.������������������'��������������������������������� ���������.T-;j*'*".ii.-*.l--(A-ii.j,������: ������������������hf'-.*v  ^M*V'.  TT>?G*���������:i������"V=  srm-^s  v~'..t. i^"\ . THE MINEE:    NELSON,   B.  G.,   SATURDAY,  AUGUST 22,  1891.  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  emailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months-$1.50, six months $2.50, one year $4.,  Contract Advertisements will be inserted, at the  rate of ������3 an inch ({down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient, Advertisements will abe inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. AH advertisements printed for  a, less period than 3 months considered transient arid  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Birth Notices free if weight of child is given; if  weight is not given $1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from $1 to ^10���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing in good style at' fair rates. Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  in stock.  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name.   Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber,"  "Veritas,"  "Citizen," etc., etc.,  . will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters :  The Miner, Nelson, B.C.  EIHTOKIAL   J&'EMAKKS.  The owners of the smelter at Revelstoke have  demonstrated that their plant will smelt ores,  and now it remains for mine owners to demonstrate that there is sufficient ore in the province  to continuously run a 50-ton smelter. That there  is sufficient ore already in sight will not be disputed ; but is it of such character and grade as  can be treated successfully and profitably?   The  copper ores of Toad Mountain district should not  be reckoned in the calculations, for they cannot  be treated at any works yet erected in the province. \,There is said to be a large quantity of ore  in the Monarch mine at Field, but it is of such a  refractory character and low a grade in silver as  to be an unworkable proposition under present  conditions.    The mines at Illecillewaet are not  sufficiently developed to maintain an output to  be depended on.    The Corbin & Kennedy properties on the north fork of the Illecillewaet are  said to have recently passed into the hands of an  English syndicate with ample funds to develop  and work them.     The claims in the districts to  the south of Golden are not beyond the prospect  stage.    Outside the Blue Bell, and perhaps the  Number   One,   there is  not  a galena property  in the districts on Kootenay lake that,could be  depended on to yield a continuous output of ore.  This is not because the surface indications are  not good.    In all these districts the surface showings are better than were those of districts in the  United States now noted for their continuous ore  production.    Then   what  reasons can   be given  for   the    present   unsatisfactory   condition    of  the  mining  industry  in   this province?    None  other   than   that   the    market   price   of   lead  in    Canada    is    too    low    to-���������-'yield   a    fair  profit    to    the    mine    owner,   and    that   the >  bulk   of   our   ores   are   of   too   low    a   grade  for profitable shipment  to  the  United   States  under  the   pi'esent  customs   regulations.    Until the  one   is  remedied   by the   placing  of a  higher duty on pig lead and the manufactured  products of lead, and the other wiped, out altogether  by a  reciprocal  treaty, the mining  industry of this province,���������or at least the mining  of galena ores,���������������������������will make but slow  and fitful  progress.    If the above is a true statement of the situation, it is the duty of every miner and mine  owner in the province to take prompt action to  bring about a change. Our representatives in  the Dominion house should be urged to use their  best endeavors to lay the matter clearly before  the government, so as to enable the Canadian  commissioners to the Washington conference  to present our case intelligently. Petitions  should be forwarded to the governor-general  from every mining camp in the province, letters  should be written to the eastern press, the aid  of the boards of trade of our large cities should  be invoked, and every influence possible brought  to bear to make it profitable to work the galena  mines of British Columbia.  The Chinese are slowly but surely getting a  foothold in the Kootenay Lake country. They  are employed by the Canadian Pacific railway,  by hotelkeepers, and by private families, and it  is only a question of time when they will be employed at all kinds of laboring work. Business  men sell them lots on which to erect wash-  houses and opium dens and rent them buildings  in which to carry on like pursuits. Apparently,  they are increasing in numbers more rapidly  than the whites. Is this as it should be? Is  there no way in which these people can be got  rid of? We believe not. The people most  affected seem to have just sufficient energy to  sit and bemoan the fate that awaits them. They  are willing to see themselves crowded to the  wall by the Chinese and those who profit by the  employment of Chinese.  The Canadian Pacific Railway Company was  given a cash subsidy of over $100,000 by the Dominion government and a land and  town   lot  grant worth  fully $200,000   by  the provincial  government for building less than  30 miles  of  railway between Nelson and the Columbia river.  The cost of the road did not exceed $600,000, as  it was cheaply   built,  second-hand   rails   being  used.    Although the company's officials at Vancouver are continually prating about the road  being built and operated by Canadians for Canadians, gangs of Chinese and Italians are alone  employed in getting the'road in shape so that it  will be accepted by the Dominion and provincial  railway inspectors.    The Chinese are paid $1 a  day and the Italians but little more.    The railway company is the loser by their employment,  for it is a well-known fact thai, these laborers do  not even earn thesmall wages paid them.    But,  as in other things in which the railroad company  has a direct  interest, the  company's interests  are sacrificed so that certain officials may thrive.  It is now, and has been for several years, intimated that the reason Chinese are employed on  the Pacific division of the Canadian Pacific is  because a certain railway official gets a percentage of their earnings.    Thus are these people  thrust upon the people of the Kootenay Lake  country.    This, too, at a time when  there are  many Canadians in the lake country out of employment ;    men    who,   if   steadily   employed,  Would do much to develop  it.    But Canadians  are not wanted, unless they work for the wages  paid Chinese. _____  Toronto Week: "To what extent is the public  " sentiment of Canada really aroused by what  "is going on at Ottawa? Indications are not  "wanting that the facts there being brought to  " light are telling unfavorably upon the reputa-  " tion of the Dominion abroad, especially in  " England and the United States. That Canada  "is disgraced and is in danger of being still  " more deeply disgraced in the eyes of the na-  " tions is a humiliating fact. Nothing else could  " be expected. But what is the effect in Canada  " itself? Complaint is made that the ministers  "of the Christian churches are not taking up  " the question as they should, in view of the  " great moral interests involved. We are sorae-  " times assured that the whole country is in a  "ferment of anxiety or indignation, but we  " must confess that we are unable to perceive  "any very marked indications of such a state of  '* feeling. Perhaps it is too soon to expect  " strong manifestations.    Perhaps  the justice-  a  loving instincts of the people, irrespective of  " party, are prompting them to hold their judg-  " ment in suspense until all the evidence is be-  " fore them.    If this is so,  it is  well.    Hasty  " judgments are often unjust, and always unre-  " liable.    But we  are inclined  to  suspect that  " other causes, causes growing out of the intense  .���������"'��������� partyism which is so characteristic of the rna-  " jority, are at work.    Said, in effect, a man of  "intelligence and education the other day, when  "reference vv as made to the scandals:   'Tell me,,  "what does all tlie shouting amount to?   I take  " the daily paper, but have not time  to wade  " through column after column relating to these  "investigations, and if I had I should be. almost  "as much in the .dark after as before,, because I  " would .not know what to believe and what to  "disbelieve.     Though a  party man,  myself,  I  "have learneid to have a profound distrust of  " the party paper as a .medium  for the .convey.-,  "ance  of  facts in regard   to party  questions.'  "The result was, in this case, that the speaker  "had little or no real knowledge of the evidence  "that has been brought to light.   He had formed  " no opinions and was really giving little thought  " or attention to the matter.    We suspect that  "the case may be typical of thousands, and that  " to this want of .knowledge, rather than anychar-  " aeteristic indifference to the conduct of public ,  "business,  or. the 'state of public morals,   it is  " due that thereaie as yet so few indications of  "deep public feeling in the inatter.    And this  " profound distrust of partyism lies at the bot-  " torn, we have no doubt, of the seeming apathy  "of   the pulpit,  of  which  complaint is justly  "made.    There'are many honorable exceptions,  " no doubt, but as a rule it  is to be feared that  " Canadian preachers>are .not fearless preachers  "of  political righteousness.    Nor  have we no-  " ticed any very.'marked, demonstrations' of vir-  " tuous horroi' in the religious press of the coun-  " try.     These  are   probably  absent   partly  for  " reasons similar to the above, and partly be-  " cause editors realize that the question of public  "morals  has not  yet  emerged   with  sufficient'  " distinctness from the region of party politics,  "to admit of safe handling.    They do not, per-  " haps, realize that they might and should lend  " powerful aid in lifting the moral question out  " of and above the mireeof partisanship.    It is  " strange and somewhat discouraging that good  " men and good journals on both sides of politics  " do not more clearly perceive that the best in-  " terests of their respective  parties,  as well as  " the honor and  reputation of Canada, demand  "the complete purification  of the political at--  " mosphere, and a determination on the part of  "all that the men in public life in Canada shall  " henceforth as a rule be, as an exceptional few  " on both sides now.' are���������men  whose honor is  " above suspicion."   Until such time as sufficient money is available to grade the streets of Nelson as they should  ��������� be. graded, it is unwise to use the small sum  available in improving one or two streets to  merely enhance real estate values. The money  should be expended to make passable all the.  streets on which are residences and business  houses. No favoritism should be shown, and  none would be if the assistant commissioner of  lands and works of the district was more in  touch with the people of the district and less a  ruler by divine right.  Until Nelson is incorporated���������and for some  reason no steps are being taken with that end  in view-pthe town will be dominated by Canadian Pacific railway influences. The land department of that company has seen fit to send a  m  ������**^3^^  ������������������yr^T'J-tvi;,.'^p:?.,v".'.''" '���������'���������'w "-vr* 1 THE. MmEfiAAffELSOI,   B.   0���������   SATURDAY,   AUGUST  22,   1891.  Jas. McDonald & Go. a  Kelson and Revelstoke,"  carry full lines of all kinds of furniture for residences,  'hotels, and offices.   Mattresses made to order, and  at prices lower than eastern and coast.  They are also agents for  Evans Pianos and Doherty Organs,  nelson store:  No. 4 Houston ������fe Ink BSsailiding, Joscpkine Street.  (jjIjO. Jj.   lb.  JLsJLLIfo,   X ,u,b,  MINING   ENGINEER   AND   CHEMIST,  Author of "Practical Organic Analysis," the "Iron Ores of  the World,'! etc.; expert in the "Bluebird sr  Mining Suit" (Butte City);  ...  KELSON,  li. C.  ���������'.-  Will examine and report on, or superintend the development of, mining properties in West Kootenay; advises on the treatment of ores, and furnishes specifications of mining, milling, and, smelting plants.  ASSAY CHARGES : Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each.'  Gold and silver, or lead and silver, .$2. Copper, $2.50.  Silver and copper, $3. Gold, silver, and lead, ������3. Gold,  silver, and copper, ������4 ; and so on.  (Late Assayer for the Anaconda Company, Butte, Montana.)  ASSAYEE and CHEMIST,  ainsworth,' n. c.  Assay Charges.���������Gold, silver, or lead, |1.50 each. Gold  and silver or lead and silver, ������2. Copper, $2.50. Silver and  copper, $3. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gold, silver, and  copper, '$3.50.  DISSOLUTION   OF   PARTNERSHIP.   ���������  The firm heretofore existing as Fletcher & Co. is hereby  dissolved.   All debts due the firm'must be paid to G. li.  Wright, and all claims against said firm must be sent to  G.B. Wright for payment. JOSIAH   FLETCHER,  ���������Ainsworth,,August 20th.  G. B,  WRIGHT.  ;-.������������������.'.���������.���������.:    TIMBER...LEASES, -"������������������������������������  "Notice is hereby given that GO days after date we, intend  to apply to the. chief commissioner of lands and.-works to  lease for lumbering purposes the following tract of land:  ^Commencing at a, post on the east bank of the Duncan  river, about i- of a mile above the big flood-wood jam,  thence south about 40 chains, thence east 30 chains, thence  north 45 or 50 ehains,tthence west 30 chains, thence south  to place of commencement; containing 130 acres more or  less. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W, P. SAYWARD.  ; Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C, August Sth,T891.  Notice is hereby given that GO days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease for lumbering purposes the following tract of land:  Commencing at a post on the east side of Duncan river  near a mountain, and about 2J- miles south of the east fork  near a small creek, called Bear creek, thence south along  the mountain. 100 chains more or less, to end of timber,  thence vvest 20 chains, thence north 10 chains, thence west  20 chains, thence north 40 chains, thence west 10 chains,  thence north 30 chains more or less to the river, thence  along the river to place of commencement; containing 2G0  acres more or less. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B.C., August 10th, 1891. '  Notice is hereby given.that 60 days after date we intend  to apply |p, the chief commissioner of lands and works to.  lease for lumbering purposes the following.tract of .land:"  Commencing at a squared tree at the foot of a mountain,  on the cast side of Duncan river,-about 3^- miles south of  the east fork,, thence west 10 chains, thence south'20. chains,  thence west 15 chains, thence south 20 chains, thence east.  20 chains,  thence south 10 chains, thence east 20 chains  more or less to the mountain, thence north along mountain  to place of commencement; containing 1G0 acres more or  less. JOSHUA DAVIES,    ,  ������������������������������������'*-��������� W. P. SAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B.C., August 10th, 1891.  Commencing at a point about J of a mile up the Duncan  river from the moulh of East Fork on the east side of river,  thence northwest along said river 2 miles-more or less to  end of timber, thence north 40 chains more or less to the  mountain, thence east and north along the mountain 2  miles more or less, thence west 40 chains more or less to the  river and place of commencement: containing (500 acres  more or less. JOSHUA DAYTES.  W. P. SAYWARD.  ��������� Pilot Buy, Koonmav Lake. 0. C, August l'2th, 1891.  C  for lumbering purposes the following tract of land  Commencing at the mouth of the east fork of the Duncan  ,-iver, thence south along bank,of. river about 2 miles more  or less to end of timber,-'.thence, north and west along the  mountain about 5 miles, thence east to the river 20 chains  more or less, thence south along to place of commencement  as per map ; containing 1060 acres more or, less.  JOSHUA DAVIES,  ���������T,   ��������� W. P. SAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C, August 12th, 189.1.    a  Notice is hereby given that GO days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease for lumbering purposes the following tract of land:  Commencing at a squared tree at the mouth of the stream  called East Fork of the Duncan river, thence east 20 chains,  thence south 40 chains, thence east 10 chains, thence south  60 chains, thence east 10 chains, thence south 40 chains,  thence east 20 chains more or less to the mountain, thence  south along the mountain 40 chains more or less to end of  timber, thence west 20 chains more or less to the river,  thence north along the said river and timber to place of  commencement as per map; containing 560 acres more or  less. JOSHUA DAVIES,.  ���������'..,: . W. P. SAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C, August 12th,1891.  LAND   NOTICES.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date we-intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and wor.ks for  leave to purchase a- tract of land as follows: Beginning  at a post marked, N. W. corner post, on the Avest shore of  Kootenay lake about 8 miles south of the Lardeaux river,  and about ������ a mile north of the mouth of Schroder creek,  thence running south 40 chains, thence east to lake,shore,  thence following lake shore to initial post; containing 160  acres more or less. JOHN A. WATSON,  Ainsworth, August 21st. JOHN A. WHITTIER.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days afterdate I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase 160 acres of land, situate iii West  Kootenay district, and described as follows: Commcncingv  at a postmarked F. F., S. E., planted on the west shore of  Kootenay lake about 2 miles south of the month of Kaslo  creek, thence-west- 30 chains, thence north 40 chains, thence  east to the shore Of the lake, thence following the meander  ings of the shore of the lake to the point of commencement;  containing "160'.acres more or less.  Nelson, B. C, July 1st.  FRANK FLETCHER.  Notice is hereby given that 60.days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of hinds and works to  APPLICATION   FOR   GROWN   GRAM T.  Notice is hereby given that L. C. Kramer, as agent for  the Empire Consolidated Mining Company (Foreign), has  tiled' the necessary papers and ma.de application for a  crown grant in favor of tin.", mineral claim known as tlie  .Dictator, situate,about 2 miles southwest from Ainsworth,  ���������Kootenay lake, B. (.'.. -Adverse claimants, if any, will'forward, their objections within GO days from date oi: publication. X. FITZSTUBBS,  Nelson, B. C.. August 22nd. Gold commissioner. THE  MINEK:    NELSON,  'B.  0.,   SATUEDAY,, AUGUST  22,   1891.  Dealers in Dry G-oods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned-G-oods, Hardware, Etc.^   M^  Tlie stock is fall and���������> complete in every Derailment, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods  and compare Prices.  Main Street, EEYELSTOKE,  9 and 11 East Ternon Street, NELS  ���������man here as agent lor the sale of town lots who  is cordially disliked by many of the residents of  the town"; the dislike being the -.natural outgrowth of his apparent desire to sacrifice the  people's interests so that certain officials of  his road Would profit, in their private real estate  speculations. He has already stirred up ill-feeling by his actions and threats that wiHtake a  long time to allay, and .if the town is to be dominated by the railway, the people should at least  be givein a master for vyhorn they., could entertain feelings of respect.  Predictions  as  to  tli'cC' l*A-R.'s  Intentions.  It is ad to it ted by ollicials-of the (Canadian Pacific who are in a position to know, that the  snowsheds on that road in the Selkirks ai'e badly  in need of renewal, and that the cos( of renewal  is almost equal to the cost of building a new  road. This is the reason why efforts- are being  made to discover a practicable route farther to  the south. That the route has been discovered  and that the new road will be built in the, 'near  future is evidenced .by-the following statements  made by H. S,. Holt, one of the firm that has the  contract for building the branch .south from  Calgary towards Crow's Nest pass :  '"Can you give the Toronto Empire some idea  of the-work you ai'e doing south of the Canadian  Pacific railway?" was asked of mr. Holt.  "Yes, we broke ground on this line in July,  and now we have 2000 men and 300 teams engaged. The road, which will be completed before snow flies, runs south from Calgary to Fort  Macleod, which is about 40 miles from the international boundary line, but we will not go beyond the Fort at. present."  "How far is the terminal point of you roadat  Fort McLeod from the much-talked-of Crow's  Nest pass?'  Looking at a map mr. Holt calculated the distance to be in the neighborhood of 40 miles, and  remarked that the entrance to the pass in question was due west from the-term in us of the railway now being constructed'by his firm.  Very little difficulty would be experienced by  the company in crossing the valleys between the  Rocky, Selkirk, and Coast mountains, although  there would be hard sections in the last 2 ranges.  While not-anticipating the intentions of president Van Home in this direction, mr. Holt led  the. Empire reporter to believe that thousands  of men would be at work next season carrying  the new road from the Canadian Pacific through  the Crow's Nest pass and on to Hope on the  main line.  "Will the Canadian Pacific abandon their line  west of Calgary should the company create a  new main line to the south?"  "Certainly not," was mr. Holt's quick reply;  "the mining and other industries already established on 1 he line through the Kicking Horse  pass and being rapidly developed would never  permit of such a policy on the part of the  company."  He  Opcycd  His Instructions.  The president of one of the large eastern insurance companies, just returned from a western  trip, relates the following good story: "On the  train going from Chicago to-Dubuque was a passenger in one of the sleeping cars who had been  drinking heavily/but realized, the fact that he  was intoxicated. As he was about to retire  without disrobing, he called a porter to him  and, handing out a dollar, requested to be waked  up at .Rockford, Illinois, and said he: 'Be' sure  and put me off, whether I want to go or not. I  know I'm pretty full, and when I'm in this condition I'm likely to fight, but don't mind that,  just put me off and if will be all right.' The  colored porter promised to do so, and the man  was soon asleep in his berth. .Early next morning the train was near Dubuqiie and the passenger's were hurriedly dressing, the colored porter  was attending to his duties withhis head bandaged,'one eye closed, and his face showing hard  usage. J ust then the Rockford passenger crawled  out of his berth, looked out to get his bearings,  and then.went for the porter:  '"Look here, you -, what does this mean?  Didn't I tell you to put me oft' at Rockford, you  ������������������ ?'  "The  darkey  looked at   him a moment  and  said: 'Is you de gem man what wanted to be put  off?'  "'Yes, I'm the one, you  dollar to see to it.' a  and gave you a  '"Well, if you's de gem man what give tne dat  dollar, what I wa.nter know is dis here.: aWIio  was de gem man dat 1 put off at Rockford?'"  ootenay Safe Deposit Go.  NELSOM,   IB. O-  Transacts a private banking business;  Allows interest at best rates on amounts of ������1 upwards ;  Receives articles for safe keeping.  CiKNJMfiAL'���������A������KNCY  London & Lancashire Life Insurance Company,  .!4������Eft���������BaCS Sir Donald A.. Smith, chairman."  Accident Insurance-Company of North America,  ������15 a week, $3000 on death, for 25 cents a day;  The celebrated Taylor safes.  ���������01Utl3SFOi\l>E������NT$  Vancouver���������The Bank of British North America;  Spokane Falls���������The Bank of Spokane Falls.  OEAS.  IB.'TAYLOR, Manager.  PI ON'If,EK  PAINTER  AND   DECORATOR.  Address :    Nelson Hotel.  stere.rs ana ur  Will Contract for all Kinds of Work.  rs  Materials furnished and estimates given on application.  Agents for the sale of LIME.  Address all communications to Nelson, B. C.  George C. Hunt  J. Dover  Josephine Street,  Nelson, B.C.  Manufacturing Jewelers  - *  for the Trade.  DEALERS  IN'  DIAMONDS  SILYEEWAEE  JEWELEY  WATCHEi  AND   ALL  FINE  WATCHES  i ';i ref n 11 y   Ite pai red  an<I  All   Orders  hy  and   Satisfaction   Guaranteed,  Mail   I'roiH.wtly  Attended  to.  No. 1 Houston & Ink Building,  Josephine Street.  Branch Store at Donald, B. 0.  E'ostoilicc  Store,   Kelson*   15.  V.  AND GENTS' TUENISHING GOODS.  ALSO,   FULL  LINES  OF  Toilet Articles and Stationery. 8  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  AUGUST .22/,'1891;-  m  This is to notify all persons that I am the owner of an  undivided ������ interest in the mineral claim known as the I  XL, and situate on Sheep creek, Trail Creek mining division of West Kootenay district, British Columbia, and recorded in name of'.Thomas Heady, on May 13, 1891, before  E. S. Topping, recorder at Trail Creek.  C.  E.  SANDBERG.  LAND   NOTICES.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days after date.-I intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to purchase the following described tract of  land situated in West Kootenay district: Commencing at  a post marked N. E. corner post, placed on the west shore  of the Lardeaux.''river near its mouth, thence west 40  chains, thence south 40 chains, thence east to the west-  shore of Kootenay lake, thence north following the shores  of Kootenay lake and Lardeaux river to point of commencement; containing 160 acres, more or less.  Ainsworth, August 3rd, 1891. S. H. GREEN.  Notice is hereby given, that sixty days after date I intend  to apply to tlie chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase 320 acres of land, situate in West  Kootenay district and described as follows : Commencing  at a stake marked H. S./.N. W., at south west corner Lot 207,  on the east shore of Kootenay lake, thence east 20 chains,  thence north 40 chains, thence east 20 chains, thence south  30 chains, thence west 40 chains more or less to the shore of  the lake, thence following the shore of the lake in a northerly direction to the point of commencement.  Nelson, August. Cth, 1891. HAROLD SELOLTS.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase a tract of land described as follows :  Beginning at a post marked southwest corner, post, situate at the northwest corner post of Johns and Anderson's  preemption, about 1 mile north'of Goat river and about 1  mile east of Kootenay river; thence east 60 chains; thence  north 60 .chains'; thence west 60 chains; thence 60 chains  south to place of beginning; containing 320 acres, more or  Jess. ���������',''���������'' ..T.'W. DOW,  Ainsworth, July 20th, 1891. J. H. WRIGHT.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days afterdate  t intend.to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and  works for permission to purchase a tract of land described  as follows : '  Beginning at a post marcdN'.W. corner post placed on  the so,uth shore of Trout lake about 20 chains west of the  outlet of said lake, thence south 40 chains, thence east 40  chains, thence- north to the Lardeaux river, thence west,  .following.the meanderings of the shores of the Lardeaux  river and Trout lake to the place of beginning, containing  160 acres more or less. A ROBERT F.GREEN.  Ainsworth, 10th June, 1891. ���������  Notice is hereby given,that sixty days after date, we intend to apply to the chief commissioner of land and works  for permission to purchase the following described tract of  land, situate in West Kootenay district:  Commencing at. a post on slough bank west of the mouth  of Duck creek, and about eight miles from the south end  of Kootenay lake; thenee"running north 40 chains; thence  cast SO chains; thence south 40 chains; thence westerly following the shore of the slough to the commencement post;  containing 320 acres, more or less.  Balfour, R. C, June 27th, 1891.  T. G. PROCTER,  F. H. FLINT,  PRYCE MCDONALD,  R. S. GALLOP.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for permission to buy a tract of land described as follows:  Beginning at. a post marked northeast corner, post placed  on the west side of the Kootenay lake at the mouth of the  Lardeaux river; thence west 20 chains; thence south 40  chains; thence east 20 chains, to the shore of the lake;  thence following the meanderings of the lake shore to the  place of beginning; containing 80 acres, more or less.  Ainsworth, July 15th, 1S91. R.F.GREEN.  TIMBER   LEASES-  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to lease the-following described tract of land  for lumbering purposes: Commencing at a. post on the  south bank of Goa.t river, on the Kootenay Valley Lands  Company's survey marked section 25; thence south 20  chains; thence west 120 chains, more or less, to meadow  lands; thence', north. 30 chains; thence west 20 chains; thence  north 30 chains; thence east 40 chains; thence north 20  chains, more or less, to the section line of 35 and 2 of the  Kootenay Valley Land Company's survey; thence east  along the foot of high banks and boundary of said company's lands 120 chains, more or less, to a point due north  of initial post; thence south 20 chains to said post at place  of commencement. DAVIES-SAYWARD CO.  Pilot Bay, July 1st, 1891. per J. C. H.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date, we intend  to apply to tho chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to lease the following described tract of land  on Goat river: Commencing at a post near trail, north  flide; thence east 80 chains; thence south 10 or 20 chains to  foot of burnt ridge; thence east 3 miles or 224 chains, more  or less, to foot of mountain; thence north 2 miles or 160  chains to foot of mountain; thence west and south 4 miles  or 320 chains, more or less; thence south 2 miles, more or  loss, to place of commencement.  DAVIES-SAYWARD  SAWMILL COMPANY.  Pilot Bay, B. C, July 1, 1891.  Notice i.s hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease the following tract of land for timber purposes on  Goat river: Commencing at a post on the edge of the  meadow on the south side, of IT. Anderson's claim, at or  near his southwest corner, thence east 70 chains or 80  chains, thence south 110 chains more or less to the Meadow  Valley Land Company's survey, thence west and north  along the boundary of said survey and boundary to place  of commencement; containing 500 aeres more or less.  JOSHUA DAVIES.  W. P. SAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake. B. C\ June 20th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease the following tract of land for timber purposes on  Duck creek: Commencing 20 chains north of a post on the  Meadow Valley Land Company s survey marked sections  34 and 3, thence east 20 chains, thence north 50 or 40 chains,  thence west 30 chains, thence south 10 chains, thence west  30 chains, thence south 30 chains, thence east 20 chains,  thence south 10 chains, thence east 20 chains to place of;  commencement; containing 240 acres, more or less, according to survey. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C,June 17th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given thrtt 30 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease tlie following tract of land for timber purposes on  Duck creek: Commencing at a post and tree on the trail on  the south side, about 2 miles from its mouth, thence east 30  chains, thence north 60 chains, thence east 10 chains, thence  north 60 chains, thence west 50 chains or 60 chains, more or  less, across the creek to foot of the mountains, thence south  along, creek and mountains 120 chains, thence east 10  chains more or less to place of'commencement; contain-'  ing 560 acres more or less according to survey.  JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C, July 11th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date, we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to lease the following described tract of land  on Goat river: Commencing at a post oh south side of  Goat river near old trail; thence north and south 30 chains,  covering the river; thence east 80 chains; thence north 30  chains; thence west 80 chains: thence south 30 to place of  commencement.       J. P. DAVIES, SAYWARD & CO.  Pilot Bay, B. C, July 30, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to apply'to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease the following ttract of land for timber purposes on  Goat river : Commencing at a post 1 mile south from Goat  river on east boundary of Meadow Valley Land Company's  survey post marked sections 24 and 25, thence south 20  chains, thence east 60 chains, thence north 20 chains, thence  east 80 chains, thence north 80 chains, thence west20 chains,  thence north 80 chains or 90 chains, thence west 10 chains or  15 chains, thence north 30 chains, thence west 20 chains or  30 chains, thence south 20 chains, thence west 50 chains,  thence south 80 chains, thence east 10chains, thence south  .20 chains, thence west 40 chains more or less to a post on ,  the south bank of Goat river marked section 25, thence  south along said secTion line 74 65-100 chains to place of  commencement; containing about 2000 acres more or less  according to survey. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C, June 25th, 1891.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days from the date  of this notice we intend to purchase the mineral claim  "Gladstone" from the province of British Columbia, under  the provisions of section 35 of the "Mineral Act, 1891."  Said mineral claim is situate in Hot Springs mining division of West Kootenay district, and contains 19.8 acres,  more or less, as per surveyor's plat placed on No. 2 post of  said claim. JOHN HOUSTON, certificate No. 39502.  CHARLES H. INK, certificate No. 40044.  Nelson, B. C, July 18th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days from the date  of this notice we intend to purchase the mineral claim  "Garfield" from the province of British Columbia, under  the provisions of section 35 of the "Mineral Act, 1891."  Said mineral claim is situate in Hot Springs mining division of West Kootenay district, and contains 10.5 acres more  or less, as per surveyor's plat placed on No. 2 post of said  claim. JOHN HOUSTON, certificate No. 39502.  CHARLES H. INK, certificate No. 40044.  Nelson, B. C. July 18th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days from the date  of this notice we intend to purchase the mineral claim  "Cultus Potlach"from the province of British Columbia,  under the provisions of section 35 of the "Mineral Act,  1891." Said mineral claim is situate in Hot Springs mining  division of West Kootenay district, and contains 11.66  acres, more or less, as per surveyors plat placed on No. 2  post of said claim.  JOHN HOUSTON, certificate No. 39502.  CHARLES H; INK, certificate No. 40044.  Nelson, B. C. July 18th, 1891. .  t Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days from the date  of this notice wo intend to purchase the mineral claim  "Telephone" from the province of British Columbia, under  the provisions of section 35 of the "Mineral Act, 1891."  Said mineral claim is situate in Hot Springs mining division of West Kootenay district, and contains 16.8 acres,  more or less, as per surveyor's plat placed on No. 2 post of  said claim. JOHN HOUSTON, certificate No. 39502.  CHARLES H. INK, certificate No. 40044.  Nelson, B. C, July 18th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that A. H. Kelly, as owner, has  filed the necessary papers and made application for a crown  grant in favor of a mineral claim known as the Royal  Charter, situate on Toad mountain, west arm of Kootenay  lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to file their objections with me within sixty days from date of publication. N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, 1st August, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that John R. Cook as part owner,  and agent for others, has filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the "New Market," situated on Toad  mountain, west arm of Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to file their ob  jections with me within sixty (60) days from date of publication. N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, 20th June, 1890.  .Notice is hereby given that John R. Cook as part owner,  and agent for others, has filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of a mineral  claim known as the "Forest," situated on Toad mountain,  west arm of Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objeetiona-  to me within sixty (60) days from date of publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B.C, 20th June, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that James Fox, Aaron II. Kelly,  and John R. Cook have filed the necessary papers, and  made application for a crown grant in favor of a mineral  claim known as the "Dandy,"situated in Toad mountain  subdivision of West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their .'objection!*  to me within sixty (60) days from date of publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B.C:, June 20th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that Joseph Edward Boss by his  agent, John Robertson, has filed the necessary papers and  made application for a cr6\vn grant in favor of a mineral  claim known as the "Iroquois," situated on Toad Mountain, west arm of Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  within sixty (60) days from date of publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, 20th June, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that M. D. Mahoney has filed the  necessary papers and made application for a crown grant,;  in favor of a mineral claim known as  "The Democrat,"  situated on Toad Mountain, west arm of Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to me within sixty (60) days from date of publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B.C., 20th of June, 1891.  DISSOLUTION   OF   PARTNERSHIP.  Notice is hereby given that the partnership heretofore  existing between us, the undersigned, as hotelkeepers in  the town of Balfour, British Columbia, has been this, day  dissolved by mutual consent. All debts owing to the said  partnership are to be paid to Richard S. Gallop at Balfour,  and all claims against the said partnership are to be presented to the said Richard S. Gallop, by whom the same  will be settled. a  Dated at Ainsworth this 30th day of July, A. D. 1891.  Witness: RICHARD S. GALLOP.  ���������Jot-in L. Retallack. F. W. FLINT.  ^DISSOLUTION   OF   COPARTNERSHIP.  The copartnership heretofore existing between the undersigned, under the firm name of Malone & Clark, doing business as proprietors of the Tremont hotel, is this day dissolved  by mutual consent, James Clark retiring from the firm.  All debts due the firm are payable to John Malone, who  will also pav all claims against the firm. '  ������������������':���������* JOHN MALONE,  Nelson, B. C, July 21st, 1891: JAMES CLARK.  The Kootenay Smelting and Trading  Syndicate, Limited, of Eevelstoke, B. 0.  are prepared to sample and purchase  all kinds of  Prices and all information furnished on application.  J. CAMPBELL, manager.  BRITISH   COJLIiMBIA    MINIftC;    NEWS.  Vermont Creek.���������Golden Era, 15th.���������Work  on the Osier & -Hammond property is being  pushed with all possible speed. The driving of  the tunnel to the 200-foot level will not be completed until November, when erosscutting will  be commenced. This work will be required before the character of the deposit is fully ascertained.  McMurdo District.���������Golden Era, 15th: Rumor has reached us that W. White, in doing his  assessment on the property adjoining that of  Rand Brothers, has struck a big body of galena.  The ore has not been assayed up to the present,  but it has every appearance of being fully equal  to the average. The quality of the ore fit present showing has led the owner to say that he  intends shipping at least 75 tons this Jail. The  men employed on Rand Brothers' mines on Carbonate mountain are steadily at work. The  owners are expected in next week, and it is assumed that the development is sufficiently advanced to give an idea of the value as well as to  show them that their enterprise is on the eve of  being rewarded by the cutting of the main lode,  which has been their aim for a long time past,  but the hard nature of the ground was the cause  of the delay. THE   MINER:    NELSON,   B.C.,   SATUEDAY, ./AUGUST  22,   189L,  9  MAKING    PAUPERS   OF .<:LABORERS.  The following from the Kootenay station  Herald hits the nail on the head. It is an outrage that men who work on railways should be  compelled to accept time-checks for their pay.  It is all right for the contractors to have regular  monthly pay days, but they should pay .men who  quit work, or who are discharged, the money  they are entitled to receive:  "The condition of the laboring men throughout the northwest is truly deplorable.:;. About  the only public work of any importance going  on is the construction of the Great Northern,,  and the pay there is starvation wages, a disgrace  to civilization and a parallel to the pauper labor  of Europe.  ".Let us examine the case of a man that leaves  Kootenay station the first Of a month and returns by the first of the next���������for no man will  work for such wages longer than,a month.  "The time, consumed in trudging out to the  front, packing his blankets^ will consume 3 days  '-, before-.he' is put to work. Waiting for his time-  check and returning, about the same, and counting the 4 or .5 Sundays he has to lay oif, he will  get in about 20 davs''work. This,, at .$2 per day,  is $40, Outof "this he must pay at least $22-for  board. He will probably pay out $2 for tobacco,  $1.25 for overalls, $3 for shoes. He will be deducted $1 for hospital fees and 25 cents for the  mail carrier. Total $29.50; leaving him $10.50.  He will get a 30-day time-check for this. But  as he is broke and must have-'money, the contractor will condescend to give him a bank check  at a discount, of 15 per cent. This leaves him  $8.92, and he must give another 5 per cent dis^  count to get currency for this, leaving him $8.47.  "Eight'dollars and forty-seven (tents is his earnings for a whole month, provided he has..worked,  every day he could and saved every cent of his  earnings! Twenty-eight cents a day! And talk  about, foreign pauper labor! And has if come to  such a pass" as this, that a laboring .man can not  earn enough to have some of the comforts of  life?' How can he buy a good suit of clothes  once a year, a few books ()!' papers to read, and  taste a scant few of -the "luxuries.of. life on 28  cents per day?  "Here in the upper pan handle of Idaho there  is an army of 4000 or 5000 men in just such circumstances. It must require a. -rjretty strong  heart for a man to shoulder his blankets and  face the front under such conditions. Is it any  wonder there are hobos and tramps aud bums,  as they are called?  "There is probably no complete legal remedy  for this condition of affairs, but the legislature  should at least require all contractors on public  works to pay their men in cash when they quit.  This would sa,ve the laborer 20 per cent of his  earnings at one stroke. There is no use of saying the contractors cannot afford to pay more.  If they had to pay more for labor they would  have to take work at a higher rate, and the big  '.corporation behind them would have to put up  for it. And that, in our judgment, is just how  it ought, to be. The trouble is not with the contractors; it is up nearer the source, the fountain  head."  : -  A  Miner's Experiences .in   Alaska..  G'.'W.' Connor has arrived at Port Townsend,  Washington, from Alaska after 7 years'-absence  in that country. He left Juneau on August 20th  last and ascended the Yukon, arriving at the  Forty Mile diggings in latitude 63 degrees north  a month later, and there remained until he  started on the return trip. He says that about.  150 miners are now at work in the Forty Mile  placers. He thinks the product" of gold'will be  about the same as last year, which was close to  $50,000. The product varies from $40,000 to $00,-  000. Some miners make from $1000 to $1400  each, while others make but $200 or so. Provisions are high. Flour is worth $15 per 100  pounds, matches 25 cents a bunch, bacon 40  cents, beans 25 cents, butter $1.50 a roll, and  coffee $1.50for a 3-pound can. Other necessaries  are about the same. The cheapest kind of tea  is worth $1.25 a pound.  Connor ascended the Yukon some 17()0 miles.  He says that at some of the missions along the  river various kinds of vegetebles, such as cabbages, onions, tomatoes, beans, and potatoes,  are grown in small quantities. The potatoes  are very small the first year; planted the second  year, they increase in size, and the third planting brings potatoes of good size.  Gonnor undertook to navigate the Yukon on  the return trip alone and was thrown out of his  boat and narrowly escaped drowning. He had  pulled the end of the boat iipon an ice floe and  was drifting with the current when the floe  grounded and the boat swung round and was  overturned. He lost $340 in gold, a rifle, a photographic outfit, three dozen pictures, and all  his provisions, except, a little flour, but saved  his blankets. This was at a point 240 miles below Forty Mile creek. At old Fort Yukon next-  day some matches, moccasins and 'some dried  goose meat were secured from Indians and he  pui-sued his journey. Some 200 miles farther on  he secured a .'moose heart to satisfy hunger, and  the next day he arrived in tile moors of the  Yukon, where wild geese, ducks, and gulls lay  their eggs, and thus was, able to live. At Nuk-  Sack-a-Yet, 400 miles below the old fort, the;  trader, mr. Walker, provisioned the half-starved  wanderer, and" on .June 5th he arrived at Kokor-  ine, the Russian trading station, and was again  supplied. On June 10th he reached the mouth  of the Amik. Here the missionary, mr. Chapman, took'care, of him until the 17th,' when he  boa I'd ed the steamer Yukon anci ccame to St.  Michaels; thence to Port Townsend.  A   WcH-Kw<nvn  Contractor ItnifFetl.  Pete Costello, one of the parties concerned in  the following affray, was formerly a well-known  employe" of the Canadian Pacific at Donald.  The account of the affray is from the Spokane  Spokesman:  "A lively fight took place in front of the Hyde  block yesterday afternoon', between Peter Costello and Garrett Wasson. Wasson'.had. the-  contract for grading-Victoria street, at Lidger-  wood park, and 'according to Costello's friends,  Wasson got short of money to complete his  contract, and having no credit got Costello to  help him. Costello furnished teams and men to  the amount of $2000, and waited for the money.  Wasson met Costello in front of the Hyde block  yesterday and accused hihrof chargingfor more  time than was -"actually put in. At this both  men got angry. Wasson drew a knife from his  pocket' and went for his antagonist with the  fury of a lion. Costello stood him off for some  time with his lists, being an expert boxer, but  at last Wasson rushed in and the pair clinched  and fell with Wasson on top. He was pulled-off  by Tom Roberts and other bystanders. Costello's hat was slashed with the knife and his  coat and vest were cut in several places. One  cut about 8 inches long right over the heart  showed, that-Wasson meant business. The cut  went through the coat, vest, and just ripped the  shirt a little. If the blade had been long enough  Costello today would have been measured'for a  casket instead of a new suit of clothes."  ,     Russian 'Railways  Mismanaged.  - The Russian railway expert, M. Kotlbia, has  just-published, in book form, an account of the  mismanagement of Russian railways, and of the  abuses which naturally result. Pie states that,  owing to the immense--salaries paid the higher  officials, the remuneration received by the actual working officials is so insufficient that they  would be unable to live, unless they supplemented their wages by theft. Despite their low  salaries, these men are worked almost day and  night, only 5 or (5 hours being left them to sleep  and rest. "During the last Turko-.Russian war,  engineers and firemen were forced to sleep on  their locomotives at odd moments, so inadequate  were their number to the demands of the service, and switchmen were compelled to be on  duty 26, 28, and 30 hours in succession. Such  inhuman overtaxing of the strength of men  could result only in tlie most defective and perilously careless service, with more accidents and  greater loss of life than in any other country in  the'world.   Damaging Testimony in .the   Penrose   Murder Trial.  A sensation was caused at Butte, Montana, on  the  13th in the trial of the men charged with  the murder of editor Penrose on June 10th. The  witness was Policeman Waters, who first testified, to hearing Hickey, one of, the accused,  threaten the life of the murdered man. The evidence then turned on the billy, which was  thrown  into  the  yard  near  the  scene  of   the  murder by the assassins as they ran. At the  inquest the witness discovered that the billy  was simply a piece of a shovel handle loaded  with a piece of steel. This steel wasfound to be  a peculiar tool called a "gouges" and used by  m iners at St. Just, England, and the only one of  which that had been brought to the canip. 11  had been inarked with a '' W" by the man who  broughtit over and afterward left at the mine,  where Deeney and Kelly, the other apensed  murderers, took a lease. They have been working it ever since, and the rest of the tools bearing  the same mark were found on the 75-foot level.  The peculiarities of the tool made it easy to  identify, and it was the clew which first directed  attention toward the men now on trial. This,  with the identification by O'Donnel, makes the  case look black for the accused. At the close of  the day's session the defense tried to get the  complaint quashed on a  technical .-mistake,  but  no ruling was made.  Co.  DEALEKS   f.N  CHEMICALS,  PATENT MEDICINES,  TOILET ARTICLES,   ETC.  WHOLESALE     BWALBilBiS     IS     CBUAltS; ' ' KAY-MONB6  SKWIWi'''.'MACHINES -'IX    ST������������C5������.  Cor. East Baker and Ward Streets.  AND  CHEMICALS  CHOICE TOILET ARTICLES  AND  PATENT MEDICINES  AT  Dr. Arthurs Medical Hall  Corner Stanley  and   BSIhII" Streets.  A Specially Tine Assortment of Flavoring Essences  msr  stock:.  PIONEER DRUG- STORE,  AIXSWOKTII,   K. <!.  Drugs and Medicines, Wall Paper, Paints and Oils,  Tobacco and Cigars, Fishing Tackle,  Stationery, etc.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  Ml 10  THE  MlffEE:    NELSON,   B.   C,  SATUEDAY,  AUGUST 22,  1891.  ���������W.  J.  WILSON.  W.PERDTJE.  PROPRIETORS  OF  BITS   ������F   INFORMATION.  Crabs chew their food with their legs.  The first postage stamps appeared in 1840.  Broad street in Philadelphia is 113 feet wide.  France has about 130,000 miles of macadamized  roads.  '.  -  The Sandwich Islanders' alphabet has only 12  letters. ������  . .AT.  NELSON AND AINSWORTH.  Will contract to supply mining companies and steamboats  with fresh meats, and deliver same at any mine or  landing in the Kootenay Lake country.  is  equal   to   130,000,000,000,000,000  CORRAL AND STABLING  'AT NELSON,  where saddle and pack animals can always be hired, and  teams obtained for job teaming.  with  merchants for hauling freight to or from  railroad  depot and steamboat wharf.  The   moon  candles.  Metal mirrors are produced that reflect as well  as those of glass.  Pope Siricius, in the fonr;t h cen tiny, forbade  priests to marry.  The United States army numbers 27,390 men,  including 2170 officers.  Some elephants can draw 15 tons, lift 10 hundred-weight, and carry on their backs 3 tons.  The Mississippi, joined with the Missouri,  4300 miles, is the longest river. The Amazon is  3500 miles in length.  A tailor says that few men have evenly-balanced shoulders, the right almost invariably being lower than the left.  .NELSON  OEFICE AND MARKET,  NO. I! EAST BAKER STREET  PROPRIETOR OF THE  oasrzEiEii  and STABLE  Ward Street,   rear  ^overmiftentf  ISuildiiix.  .'-,'.':' NELSON, B. O.    '������������������������������������  Will undertake any work or contract in which pack animals or teams can be used.    Will furnish  SADDLE AND PACK ANIMALS  to parties who--wish, to examine mines and claims  in Toad Mountain district.  WILL CONTRACT TO 0AEEY PASSENGERS  and baggage, to and from hotels; also, freight  to and. from steamboat wharves and  railway depots.  CONTRACT TO GRADE LOTS IN NELSON.  Stove  and  Cord wood-.for Sale.  'J  AINSWORTH,  IS. C.  Contracts taken for hauling supplies, machinery, ore,  etc.  to and from mines in Hot Springs district,  ALL   TEAMING   WORK   UNDERTAKEN.  Agents    for   f>avies-Say������vard     Sawmill    Company's  ILiimfrer,   Moldings,  and   Shingles.  Just arrived at Robson's bakery a car-load of Ogilvie  flour. To insure ready sale, it will be offered at a low  price. For sale at bakery on Bluff street and at Robson's  store on West Baker street.  In China they 'naturally take to water. There  are more ducks in the Chinese empire thau in  all the world outside of it. ������  In the 9 seasons since the Yellowstone park  was opened nearly 100,000 tourists have visited  it, and there has not yet been any loss of 'lifei;  A new substitute for ivory has been invented  by a Norwegian ; it is called lactite and is made  from skimmed milk.    It will take any coloring.  Straight streets are unknown in China, They  are purposely made crooked to confuse Satin, as  the Chinese believe the devil travels in a straight  line.  The number of people in the different races is  estimated to be: Caucasian, 600,000,000; Mongolian, 600,000,000; black, 250,000,000;' copper-  colored, 12,000,000.  "With one or two trifling exceptions, the submarine cables of the world, which stretch over*  120,000 nautical miles, and have cost $200,000,000,   i  areof -.British construction. !  The tomato may be traced back to the sixteenth century, and, although it is mentioned  since then by several writers, it did not become  a marketable edible till 1829.  On the summit of Ben Lomond may be seen  the smallest tree that grows in Great Britain; it  is known as the dwarf willow, and is, when  mature, only about 2 inches in height.  Crime is more common in single life than in  married; in the former 33 in every 100,000 are  guilty, while only 11 married men, of the same  number, have gravely broken the laws.  Some land in Paris has been sold at the rate  of $2,000,000 per acre; some in London for what  would net $5,000,000 per acre, and some in New  York for a sum equal to $8,000,000 per acre.  Two  gum   trees,   which   tower  over 100 feet  I   above a little church in Guatemala, are 60 feet  '   in  circumference,   and their strong roots have  pushed   the foundation   of   the  church  out   of  place.  The natives of Malay Peninsula have in use  the smallest coin in the world; it is a wafer  made from the resinous juice of a tree, and its  valuation is estimated at one-ten-thousandth of  a penny.  The great seal of the United States is affixed  to nothing but treaties, proclamation, commissions, pardons, and passports. The government  has bad but two seals in the 100 vears since its  foundation.  The first Cook excursion was made just 50  years ago. Thomas Cook took a party from  Leicester toLongborough in England���������llj miles,  July 5th, 1841���������and that was the first of the famous cheap trips.  There are now over 325 electric railroads in the  world, 90 per cent of them in the United States  and Canada.    About 4000 cars, 7000 motors, 2600  miles of track, and 750,000,000 passengers carried  ���������in a year tell the rest of their story.  The statistics of the average size of families in  the various countries of Europe, which are of  considerable interest for the status of public  morals, are the following: France, 3.03 members; Denmark, 3.61; Hungary, 3.70; Switzerland, 3.94; Austria and Belgium, 4.05; England,  4,08; Germany, 4.10; Sweeden, 4.12; Holland,  4.22; Scotland, 4.46; Italy, 4.56; Spain, 4.65;  Russia, 4.83; Ireland, 5.20.  A flea can jump over a barrier 500 times his  own height. At that rate a man could jump  over a wall nearly a mile high.  The Japanese language is said to contain 60,-  000 words, every one of which requires a different symbol. It is quite impossible for one man  to learn the entire language, and a well-educated Japanese is familiar with only about 10,000  '..words. '.���������;.  Taking the recent census as a basis, the New  Orleans Times-Democrat figures out that of the  ���������white population of this country 55 per cent  only is English, 20 per cent German, 15 per cent  Irish, 4 per cent Latin, 3 percent Scandinavian,  and 3 per cent Slav. ".'���������'���������'���������      -  The various forms of leave-taking have a more  special significance than is generally awarded to  them. "Adiew" signified "To God I commend  you." "Good-by" is a. contraction of "God be  with you," while "Farewell" means "Be happy,"  or, more literally, "May you journey well."  Canadian Pacific Bail way  OUR NATIOlfAL HIGHWAY.  Through Passenger  Service from Ocean to Ocean.  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To Secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay Lake Sliippers will be consulting   tlieirn own   interests  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every Tuesday and "Friday, making connection with trains for  VANCOUVER, g/'nvcoisrT^s^.L,  NEW WESTMINSTER, ojs^^Sjl3  VICTORIA, '.'������������������������ loscic^C3-o'  AND ALL POINTS  EAST.  For rates,  maps,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,  apply to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D. E. BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  -Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B. C.  THE    COLUMBIA    &   KOOTENAY    STEAM  NAVIGATION   COMPANY,   LIMITED.  THE STEAMER LYTTON  will leave REVELSTOKE every Monday and Thursday  at 4 A. M.-for Robson and Little Dalles, connecting  at Robson with the Columbia & Kootenay R. R.,  and at Little Dalles with the Spokane  & Northern R. R.  Returning, will leave LITTLE DALLES every Tuesday  and Friday at 9 A. M., arriving at Robson between  3 and 5 P. M.,and remaining from 15 to 30  minutes, then proceeding to Revelstoke.  THE STEAMER NELSON  will leave NELSON on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Fridays,  and Saturdays for AINSWORTH.  On Tuesdays and Fridays at 6 A. M., and on Wednesdays  and Saturdays at 4:30 A. M., on which days she  will go through to BONNER'S FERRY.  F. ii. OBKISTffE, Agent,...........KBSVEJLSTOKE, B. ���������.  Ho! for the Lardeaux!  The steam launch MIDGE will leave Ainsworth every  Wednesday morning for the Lardeaux during the summer.  T. J. DAVIES, captain.  Ainsworth, B. C, July 13th, 1891.  NOTICE.  All persons desirous of visiting the Whitewater mine or  mill will first obtain written permission from the undersigned, without which no admittance is given.  M. S. DAVYS, manager. THE MINEE:    NELSON*  B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  AUGUST 22,  1891.  11  This rapidly growing town, being the center of the well  MINING- DISTRICT; presents an unrivaled field for business  investment.     The townsite proprietors are now prepared to  terms a limited number of business and residence lots.   Por  HOT SPRINGS  speculative  sell omeasonable  particulars apply to  j^.G-ErisrT,  STJTTON"   STREET.  AUTSWOBTH,  B. G.  A   TYPICAL   STORY    OF    LIFE   IS    THE    WEST.  Nathan Olney was a Pennsylvania man, who  graduated at an eastern college just previous to  the California gold excitement of 1849.    He was  one of the handsomest and most promising of  all the young men in his neighborhood, and he  wanted to marry a girl who loved as ardently as  a girl is Expected to love that very desirable sort  of a young man.   Young Olney had small means"  of setting up in the princely way he wan ted to  with so superior a wife, so he said to her one day  that he would go to  California and  get   rich;  then he would come back and  marry her and  they would be happy ever after.    He went; he  found gold.    He worked for it 4 or 5 years, but  he got it, and was getting ready to go back and  marry, when one day he received word that the  beautiful girl he had been thinking about all the  time he was hunting for gold, had married one  of the young men who had stayed at home.    Olney was pretty badly knocked out by the news,  and cared little for any future, without that girl  in it.    What he did for the next few years is. not  known; but  he finally drifted  up the coast of  Oregon, and became sheriff of Wasco county,  living at The Dalles.    But he was discontented  and restless, and once on  a prospecting trip in  the Simcoe mountains, in Washington, he met a  girl  among   the  Klickitats.    She   was   comely,  young���������and a girl.    He was away from civilization, healthy���������and a man.   The nat urally following condition was that he found her quite interesting.    He made her his  wife and settled in a  cabin in the bottom  land  on  Ahtanum  creek.  A lot of children came, and they -were Olneys,  though not at all like the old Olney stock back  in   Pennsylvania   and  Rhode   Island.    Nathan  Olnev was large, straight, and handsome.    The  Indian maid  was by no means the same brown  maid so necessary to his happiness.    The memory of an early, sentimental love was more attractive than a later physical attachment, which  had   accentuated   the   unfitness   of   the   yokefellows for each other.    The world beckoned to  the man in his prime to come back and take his  place and  his chances.    The growing  children  tumbling about his cabin reminded him that he  was responsible for their  presence, and  he remained with his duty and his half-breeds.    One  day an old prospector, known as "Robinson the  Bilk," stopped at his cabin and said:  "Olney, you were kind to me once, and now  my chance has come to make you rich in return."  The man pulled out some rich gold-bearing  rock, and said he knew where a big ledge of it  stood up straight out of the ground, and offered  to take Olney to it. Olney went to a friend  about it. He said he knew Robinson was a liar,  but since he had been kind to him, and since he  (Robinson) knew there wasn't a dollar to be  made out of him, he believed the story. He had  his crops in, and depended on them to feed his  little brood of half-breed children, he could not  go, it was out of the question; would his friend  go? The friend agreed, and Olney went to The  Dalles to see them off and at the same time to  get some supplies."   Coming home from that trip.  which promised so much, Olney was sunstruck  in the hills between the Columbia river and  Goldendale, and died. That was the last of  Olney. The children are how on the Yakima  reservation, and are shrewd traders in stock  and store goods. The old woman married a  Dutchman, and at last accounts was still alive.  It would be interesting to know what became  of the girl back in Pennsylvania who married  somebody else.  "Robinson the Bilk" is not wholly unknown  to fame. He was written up in his time as a  queer character. : He had a penchant for steering  prospectors to fabulously rich mines and slipping  away before reaching the spot. He did this in  the case above mentioned. Over and over again  he fooled gold-seekers. They knew his record  for lying, and yet somehow each new victim  chose tohelieve that to him the secret gold would  be uncovered. The fellow was a good talker,  and never tired of telling of his great finds. He  died sometime in the 70s in a St. Louis hospital,  and his last utterances to his nurse were of gold  ���������gold���������hidden gold.  MI.\EKAL CLAIMS   KE���������01U������E9> AND   TRANSFERRIN)  AT  NELSON, TOAD  MOUNTAIN  DISTRICT.  Tuesday, August 18th.���������The Mac, situate next  to the Lulu,v which adjoins the Silver King on  the north;   W.T. Clark locator.  BILLS  OF  SALE.  Saturday, August 15th.���������Alfred R. Seaman,  Harry W. Ward, and Charles Dundee to Edward Mahon, the Cumberland; consideration  $1050.  Wednesday, August 19th.���������James Cumerford  to Alfred Bunker and Ed Corning, his interest  in the Old Dominion; consideration $50.  AT  AINSWORTH,  HOT  SPRINGS   DISTRICT.  Thursday, August 13th.���������The Lily Dancy, situate about 10 miles west of Kootenay lake,  about 2^ miles north of the north branch of  Kaslo creek and about h, a. mile northeast of the  Beaver; John McDonald locator. The Mountain  Dew, situate about 9 miles west of Kootenay  lake and about 3 miles north of the north branch  of Kaslo creek; John Allan, Andy Jardine, and  John McDonald locators. The Snowflake, situate about 12 miles west of Kootenay lake and  about 2 miles north of the north branch of Kaslo  creek, being a northerly extension of the  Beaver; John McDonald locator. The Bewabic,  situate about 6 miles west of Kootenay lake and  about 3 miles-north of the north branch of  Kaslo creek: John McDonald locator. The  Chicora., situate about 12 miles west of Kootenay  lake and about 2h 'miles north of the^north  branch of Kaslo creek; E. J. Cross and William  Gibson locators. The Northern Bell, situate  about 10 miles west of Kootenay lake and about  3���������-miles. north of the north branch of Kaslo  creek; E. J. Cross and. William Gibson locators.  Friday, August 14th.���������The Mormon Girl, sit-  ate about 12 miles west of Kootenay lake and  about 2 miles north of the north branch of Kaslo  creek, being a southerly extension of the Lone.  Star; T. T. McLeod locator. The Sandon, situate about 10 miles west of Kootenay lake and  about 2 miles north of the north branch of Kaslo  creek, adjoining the southwest side line of the  Silver Tip; James Van Hook locator. The Grizzly, situate about 94 miles west of Kootenay  lake and about 2������ "miles north of the north  branch of Kaslo creek, about ������ of a mile northeast of the Silver Tip; Ed Becker and Duncan  Gilchrist locators.  Saturday, August 15th.���������The Mayflower, situate about 3^ miles west of Kootenay lake arid  being a northerly extension of the Delia; Revelstoke Mining Company locators. The Corn-  stock, situate about 10 miles west of Kootenay  lake and about 3 miles north of the north branch  of Kaslo creek; John McPhee and Robert McDonald locators. The Florence, situate about 10  miles west of Kootenay lake and about 2 miles  north of the north branch of Kaslo creek, being  a southerly extension of the Japan; Thomas  Shaw locator.  Monday, August 17th.��������� The Lidderdale, situate about 14 miles west of Kootenay lake on  Liddle creek at the extreme headwaters of the  north branch of Kaslo creek; James Pringle  locator. The Ibex, situate about 14.-miles west  of Kootenay lake on Liddle creek, being a southerly extension of the Lidderdale; James Bren-  nand locator. The Quail, situate about 14 miles  west of Kootenay lake on Liddle creek, being a  northerly extension of the Ibex; Richard Irwin  locator. The Abbie, situate about 3i miles west  of Kootenay lake, running parallel with and  adjoining the west sideline of the Rainy Day;  R. R.Cameron locator.  Wednesday,.. August' 19th.���������The Lakeview,  situate about ������ of a.mile west of Elk creek and  about 5 miles south of the town of Balfour, being a northerly extension of the Pioneer; David  B. Bogle locator.  ���������nmi<iu's Consumption of Loud.  "Bill" .Alperson, the owner of the Dellie, one  of Hot Springs district's best known claims, is  interviewed by Spokane reporters every time he  ���������arrives in that city from the scene of his mining  operations in this province. Last week he was  interviewed by a reporter' from each of the papers in Spokane, and if the reports published-are.  the statements made by mr. Alperson, the  genial "Bill" was either joshing or is away off  his base. Here is one of. them: "The demand  for lead in Canada is light, and 2 or 3 small  mines supply the market there, which amounts  to from 8 to 10 tons per year."  Physician, Surgeon, and Accoucheur,  Office:   Stanley Street.  Barrister  at  Law,   Solicitor,   Notary  Public,  Etc.  Office, Victoria street, Kamloops, B. C.  (A. M. Can. Soc. C. R)  CIVIL ENGINEER AND ARCHITECT,  TOLSON   BIiILI&I!V������  NELSON,  IS. C  m  Bur* 12s  THE  MUSTEE:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  AUGUST  22,  1891.  Miolesale G-rocer and Liquor  G-ents' Furnishings  porting  AGENT  FOR   GURNEY <3c CO.'S  STOVES  AND   HIRAM   WALKER  & SONS' WHISKIES.  Corner Yeriion and JoseDhine Streets  Main Street, Kevelstoke, B. C.  SMALL    NIJGiiETS    OF   tfEWS.  The new steamer Columbia made her first  regular trip on Thursday, leaving Little Dalles  at 1 o'clock and arriving at Robson between 7  and 8. This is an hour or more better time than  is made by the Lytton, and when her machinery  wears off its newness, it is expected that she  will make the distance (55 miles) in less than 6  hours. Hereafter the Columbia and Lytton will  make 2 round trips a week between Little Dalles  and Revelstoke, leaving the .former place on  Mondays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, and the latter place on Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays, and Saturdays.  It is reported that neither the Dominion nor  the provincial governments have accepted the  Columbia & Kootenay branch of the Canadian  Pacific, because of its faulty construct ion. If  so, then by what right does the representative  of the land depart merit Of the Canadian Pacific  alter the lines of streets, warn off squatters, and  run things generally as if lie was "lord of all he  surveyed?"-'  John Robertson-and Gorman West were down  from Toad mountain this week. The one reports the Grizzly Bear a dandy, and the other  reports one of his hens laying an egg that is a  whopper, it measuring 7% inches one way and  8:jr inches the other.  H. Selous and C. S. F. Hamber, 2 of Nelson's  real estate, sharps, left today for a day's fishing  at Ward's crossing. If they get no more nibbles  than they have had in a real estate way lately,  they will not be called on to pay extra baggage  rates on the fish they catch.  James E. Dolan, one of the owners of the  Toughnut, a. well-known Toad mountain claim,  is nowc a full-bloom, full-fledged lawyer, and  prints his card in the Herald of" Kootenay  station.  John" McLeod, trainmaster and agent of the  Columbia & Kootenay railway at Sproat is talking a lay-off for a few weeks, during which he  will make a trip to the coast. John Hamilton,  formerly night train dispatcher at Donald and  more recently agent at Revelstoke, will have  charge at Robson until mr. McLeod returns.  It is almost impossible to get an order filled in  any of the Canadian commercial centers without  vexatious delays. The business men of thecities  in eastern Canada seem to have no idea of distance, and apparently imagine British Columbia  is a backwoods township in Ontario. It is because of these vexatious delays, not from any  desire to inconvenience; the people, that the  trenches dug for the water mains .are- not filled  up and water running.  If the same sort of justice was dispensed at  Nelson as at Kootenay station some of our J. P's  would be languishing in the jails of the district.  Ed Corning spent last week at the crossing  fishing. Jacob Dover went along to carry the  bait.  The street-improvement embroglio has aroused  the. military ardor of the opposing forces. If a  pitched battle takes place, George Bigelow will  be general in command of the anti-grabber  forces, with Jack McGinty second in command.  General Bigelow has  appointed  the following  staff officers: Dr. La Baii, surgeon-general; A.  J. Marks, commissary-general; Mike. Mahoney,  adjutant-general; Jim Gilker, pay master-general; and John Houston, chief-bugler.. The railway and grabber forces will no doubt be marshaled ;under the eagle eye of Napoleon Fitzstubbs, with Frank Fletcher second in command.  Napoleon has of course appointed the following  well-known warriors on his staff: Dr. Arthur,  surgeon-general; John F. Ward, commissary-  general; Bruce Craddock, adjutant-general; G.  H. Colwell, paymaster-general; and Bob Lemon,  bugler-iri-chief.  '���������Charlie'.Wright, who sees to it that all bonded  goods loaded at Nelson are transported across  the boundary line by the steamer Spokane, reports seeing a-she."bear with a cub on her head  swimming across the outlet near. Balfour. The  steamer crew attempted to capture her, but she  shook the cub off and swam ashore, leaving the  little fellow to drown.  Superintendent-Wilson of the Canadian Pa-'  . cific telegraph lines was in Nelson this woek.  He reports the line men making good headway  in erecting the new line between Robson and  Nelson, being out about half way. Until the  new line is completed, the old telephone line  will be used. Mr. Wilson has been in charge of  the company's lines on the Pacific coast for a  number of years, end is not Only held in high  esteem by the operators under.him, but by all  people wlio have business with his department  of the "greatest railway on earth."  It is not always the men who wear frills and  put on style that catch fish. This week the Hill  boys caught over 40 speckled beauties down at  the islands below the first rapids.  Kootenay Herald, 15th: "It. is rumored that  the Great Northern people have-purchased. Dick  Fry's ranch at Bonner's Ferry; consideration  $16,000.  A. G. Smith, the lawyer, has left Nelson to  take up his residence in Victoria. He may re-  t u rn w h en t h e to w n is lavger; b u t if he d oes n o t  he has the good wishes of the friends he made  during his short sojourn here.  A good deal of sport is made of Englishmen,  because they do not dress and talk and act al-  together like. Canadians and Americans. But,  somehow, these peculiarities of dress and speech  have a good effect when it comes to fishing. If  it had not been for an Englishman, direct from  London, a fishing party made up of residents of  Nelson would have gone hungry last week during a 3-days' visit to the-I'm lis'-above. Ward's  crossing.  Captain Hay ward tells a pretty good story on  himself and the old reliable Galena. The other  day while running up the outlet, the steamer  Nelson being about a. mile astern, he called Alec  Lindquist to the pilot-house while he went below to get lunch. In about 20 minutes he returned to the pilot-house, only to see the Nelson  as far ahead of the Galena as she was astern  when he went below. He asked mr. Lindquist  what was wrong that the boat was standing  still, and got for an answer: "I guess, captain,  we are no longer in the race."  The hotel Ainsworth at Ainsworth will be  opened on Thursday evening, the 27th, with a  dance and supper. Thomas Trenery will manage  the hotel, part of the new house, the bar being  under the management of Olson & Trenery.  Their friends in Nelson should show their good  will by going up on Thursday and give them  a, genuine "housewarming."  The pioneer general merchandise"' store of  Ainsworth has been sold and the firm conducting it dissolved. H. Giegerioh is the purchaser  of the stock. G. B. Wright will now be able to  devote his time to the Nelson & Fort Sheppard  railway and Josiah Fletcher his to his mining  interests. Mr. Fletcher has also sold his interest  in: the Club saloon to "Tom" Devlin.  Wr. F. Teetzel, the druggist, is down from the  center of the wholesale trade, merely to take a  look at his branch store. He reports business  just a shade quiet at Revelstoke since the smelter  shutdown.  The Nelson will be repaired in' time to make  her regular trip on Thursday, engineer Patterson going to Spokane for the necessary repairs;  This indicates that a small machine shop and  foundry plant -might not be a losing enterprise  if started somewhere in the lake country.  After putting in over a year on construction  work on. the Columbia & Kootenay railway, C.  L. McCain in on has left Nelson for the coast,  there to spend a -'month before returning to take  a look at construction work on the Great Northern. Mr. McCammon had charge of H. F.  Keefer's contract, and probably held his end up  against the railway company's engineers; At  any rate, he was well liked by the men under  him, and as well liked by the businessmen of  Nelson as by his own men. '"Mac," if you go to  Siberia, mav the sanctumsof the Vladivestock  journals be always open to you.  The Spokane arrived at the railroad wharf  this afternoon. She \s? after another load of  bonded freight for Burns & Chapman, the Great.  Northern contractors.  A 5-year-old Montana boy, master Ned Hanks,  has gained 13 pounds since coming to Nelson,  less  than 3 weeks ago.    A great  and'-growing  climate has British Columbia.  Dr. Brown, the dentist, will remain at the Nel-  son house until Saturday, the 29th instant, when  he willI visit Ainsworth ; returning to Nelson the  following week, to remain as long as his professional services are needed.  The Tecumseh and International hotels have  been ornamented with new signs and patriotic  emblems.  t For sale���������A quantity of square and flatted  fir, pine, and tamarack timber. For prices inquire at Miner office.  By an advertisement in the Vancouver News-  Advertiser, the Crown Point, a claim in Trail  Creek district, was to have been offered at public  auction in Vancouver on the 19th. Terms of  sale: 25 per cent on fall of the hammer, balance  within 5 days. The Crown Point was originally  owned by Oscar Runnels.  On the 19th, the New York quotation of bar-  silver was 98^ cents, of copper $12, and of lead  $1.47^.  New advertisements will be found on a supplemental sheet.     t'jpsis


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