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The Miner Aug 15, 1891

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 Only Paper  Printed  in the  Kootenay Xalte Min  ing Districts.  For Kates  of Subscription and  Advertising  See Fourth. Page.  NtJMBEB60.  NELSON,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,   AUGUST   15,   1891.  U A YEAE.  AN   IJNFAIK 'GOVERNMENT-''���������������������������OFFICIAL.  THE    TRUE    INWARDNESS   OF   THE    STREET   IMPROVEMENT QUESTION.  Tenders will be received at the government office, Kelson, up to noon on Saturday, the 15th August, 1891, for the  following:  Bridge over Ward creek on Vernon street, similar in design to that on Baker street. Specifications at the recorder's  office, Nelson.  For grading hill on Stanley street; excavation to be 16  feet at base, slopes H to 1���������about 2000 cubic yards.  For clearing Vernon street from Stanley street to junction with road to railway station.  For clearing Stanley street from Silica street to boundary  of town site.  For grading Vernon street from the western end of  bridge to junction of road leading to railway station.  For grading Stanley street from Silica street to south  boundary of railway reserve.  Grading of roads to be 20 feet wide.  Particulars to be had at recorder's office, Nelson.  N. FITZSTUBBS,  Assistant commissioner of lands and works.  Nelson, B. C, August 12th, 1891.  The above notice, was posted in public places  on   Wednesday   afternoon.    On  reading it   the  editor of The Miner called at the government  office and asked mr. Fitzstubbs: "How is it that  but 2streets are to be improved?" Mr. Fitzstubbs  replied: "That is my instructions from Victoria."  Afterwards when approached on the subject by  others, he replied that he "was not accountable  " to mr. Houston for his acts, and that he did  ** not  propose  to  discuss the question."    Certainly since his arrival in Nelson, inr. Fitzstubbs  has hot been importuned on any question affecting the expenditure of public nioneys by anyone  connected   with   The   Miner.      Whenever  he  called   at   The   Miner   office   he  was  treated  courteously.    The owners of The Miner have a  right to  protest against an unfair expenditure  of  money appropriated  for the benefit of the  town in which they live, as has every citizen.  Believing that the above notice indicated an unfair expenditure of such money, they together  with others took the action they thought best in  the premises.    The  business men  and resident  property owners of Nelson to a man  were opposed to the government money being expended  with   any money  contributed   by  the  railway  company,   under   the  direction   of   the  latter;  if any of these men  have changed front, it is  simply because they  receive  undue benefit by  changing front.    When endeavoring to change  public sentiment, so that the wishes of the railway company would be carried out in the matter,   mr.   Fletcher,    the   representative   of   the  company, stated that he would recommend that  of  the  money,   $500   be  expended  on  Stanley  street and on Bluff street west of Ward creek,  $500 on Josephine street and on Bluff street east  of Ward creek, $200 or $300 on Baker street so  as to open that street from the bridge to the end  of the road graded from the railway depot, and  the remainder, which would be one-half of the  total   amount, in   building a bridge at Vernon  street and grading approaches to it.    He stated  that  he did  not favor doing  any work on any  street south of Silica  street, but did favor taking enough, from Josephine, Bluff, and Stanley  streets to clear the logs from Silica street for 3  or 4 blocks, as a number of buildings had to be  erected  on   that   street under the  building requirements.      Mr.    Fletcher's    proposals    were  considered   fair,   and   if   they   had   been  'carried-    out    no    word    of   dissent    would    have  been   heard   from   fair-minded   men.      Acting  on  the  belief  that the  above   apportionments  would    be   the   result   of   the   conference   between mr. Fletcher and the representatives of  the  government, resident  property  owners  at  once proceeded to  clear Baker street at  their  own expense, so that by the expenditure of the  $200 or $300 promised, the 'street would  be in  good condition for traffic;   later, the property  owners and business men on Bluff and Josephine  streets contributed $400 in money, material, and  labor to bridge Bluff street, so that it would be  passable for teams when graded.     vVhether or  not inr.oFletcher used his best efforts to carry  out his proposals is an open question; but, j'udg-  ing from bis present actions, he either did not or  Was overruled by someone higher in authority������������������  someone, perhaps, connected with bis road who  has a large interest in the "Hoover" addition.  That the question has stirred up bitter feelings  is true; but the sooner the self-seeking element  in the community is compelled to act fairly in  local matters, the better', will it be for the town.  And the sooner officials who imagine the people  are their slaves are "tired," the better it will be  for West Kootenay district.  Blot Springs  district Mining News.  In Hot Springs district the Fourth is showing  up well, G. C. Howe, the owner, being in from  Duluth, Minnesota, to take a look at it. He returned home this week; and it is now reported  that he and Joshua Davies of Victoria are contemplating the erection of a smelter at Pilot  Bay. Ash worth & Jevons are ready to begin  sinking on the Tenderfoot. Theore body in the  Number One continues between walls, and varies  from 2 to 8 feet in width. A. S. Farwell is surveying the Dellie, the owners wishing to obtain a  crown grant for the property. . The Skyline  crosscut continues in hard rock, and superintendent McDonald has gone out to Montana for a  few days. None of the numerous Spokane companies are now doing any work, aside from annual assessment.  Freight  Kates  Likely to he Increased.  One of the owners of the steamboats that ply  on the Columbia river, between Revelstoke and  Robson, writes The Miner, under date of Revelstoke, the 12th instant:  "I think it would be a good idea if The Miner  warned mining companies and traders in the  Kootenay Lake country of the importance of  getting in their winter supplies before water  falls in the Columbia. During low water we  will be compelled, owing to great additional expense, to possibly increase our rates, and we  have not yet demonstrated that it is possible to  keep up winter communication. It is advisable,  therefore, and in the interest of the public, that  all winter merchandise should be got into the  country before the 15th of September."  Sold for a Song.  The owners of the Cumberland cannot be  fairly charged with scaring off capital by asking an extravagant price for their claim. While  but little work has been done on it, the showing  is a good one; the ledge being, it is said, from 4  to 8 feet wide. Assays give returns of from $10  to $40 in silver and from 32 to 53 per cent cop-,  per to the ton. This week the claim was sold to  E. Mahon of Vancouver for $1000.  A  Gold  Mill  Working Satisfactorily.  J. E. Walsh was in town on Thursday, and reports everything at the Whitewater mine and  mill on 'Rover creek looking good. The mill is  running night and day and working satisfactorily.    The next cleanup will be a good one.  Metal  Quotations.  Silver has dropped 2 cents an ounce, the New  York quotation on the "12th being 98^ cents.  Copper was quoted steady at $12, and lead dull  at $4.47i.  NELSON . A. FOKT . SHEFPAltl)    RAILWAY.  T1IF   BILL   GRANTING   THE   CHARTER   ALLOWETD  BY  THE   DOMINION  GOVERNMENT.  Oh a report dated the 21st of July, 1891, from the minister  of -justice: stating with reference to an act passed at the.  last session of the legislature of British Columbia, entitled  "Ait Act to Incorporate the Nelson & Fort Sheppard Kail-  way Company," that reprotcntations have been made that  it would be for the benefit of the company and in the public interest that the pleasure of your excellency in regard  to said act should be made known at as early a date as possible, and there does not appear to be any reason why the  act in question should not be left to its operation, the  committee, on the recommendation of the minister of justice, advise (hat the secretary of state be authorized to inform the lieutenant-governor of British Columbia accordingly. (Signed)   JOHN J. McGEE,  ; Clerk of the privy council.   -.'.-  The honorable the minister of justice.  Mr. Mara������our memberof parliament, forwards  the above from Ottawa. It is a certified  copy -of a report of a comm it tee of the privy  council, and approved by the governor-general  in council on the 31st of July. It assures  Charles Thomas Dupont, Peter Curran Dunlevy,  Gustavus Blinn Wright, Charles George Major;  and Henry Slye Mason that the charter they obtained last winter is a legal enactment. It  is also a notice to them that something more  than words are expected in return for the valuable franchise obtained at so slight a cost. The  people, as well as the government, expect that  actual work will be commenced on the road  within a reaonable time.  Are Strong in Their Belief.  More than one prospector is strong in the belief that the Silver King ledge, or, more properly  speaking, the mineral belt on which the Silver  King is located, extends to the east of Salmon  river-. No man is stronger in that belief than  Pat Noonan, and he has put in weeks at a time  prospecting in that part of the district. He returned to Nelson on Friday, and reports finding  float that carries silver, copper, and antimony,,  the gangue being quartz. While he made no  locations, he is satisfied that by doing work.he  can find the ore in place, although the debris is  deep. The point where the float was found is  about 10 miles southeast of Nelson.  The Kaslo Creek Strikes.  A   number  of   locations  have  recently   beer  made near the head of Kaslo creek, a creek that  has its 'source near Slocan lake and empties  into Kootenay lake aboutl2 miles north of Ainsworth. The ore carries lead, silver, and copper,  a sample assayed by Ellis of Nelson giving a.return of $22���������60 in silver, and374 Pel' cent lead, while  another gave a return of $12 in silver and 7!2 per  cent copper. A number of prospectors are already in the new camp, and more talk of going..  An Ore Itody that  Evidently  CJoes 'Down.  Although the information does not come from  secretary   McDonald,   it  is   nevertheless  a   fact  that the. ore body was struck in the crosscut  from tlie shaft in the Silver King tunnel in running but 8 feet. The crosscut is (50 feet below  the tunnel and over 200 feet below the surface.  The ore is reported as appearing as high-grade  as that taken from the tunnel last spring. The  Silver King is a great mine and its management  have a great man for a secretary.  Return  from  a Prospecting Trip.  For a month past R.-D. Ferguson and J. B.  Old have been prospecting on Salmon river and  its tributaries. They report finding good float  at several points, but owing to the formation  being covered to a great depth by debris, found  it impossible, with the tools they had, to trace  the float to its home. They also found mineral  in place, but only in small and irregular veins,  that might come together if sunk on. They will  probably try Kaslo creek next.  13  P?^W?ff^^^  61** 2  THE  MDTEB.:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   AUGUST   15,   1891.  This; rapidly growing town, being the center of the well-kno^n HOT SPRING-S  MINING- DISTRICT, presents an uhriyaled field for husiness and speculative  investment. The townsite proprietors are now prepared to sell on reasonable  terms a limited number of business and residence lots.   For particulars apply to  ^L.C3-E33SrT.  SUTTOiST   STIRIEIEIT  ^:n^s~w~o:R,T:E3:, ab_ g.  THE    UNREST 'BECOMING    INTENSE.  :i  n  a  The political unrest, not only at Ottawa, but  all over the Dominion, is becoming almost as intense as it was in the memorable days preceding  and   during  the  investigation   of   the  "Pacific  Scandal."   Distrust and suspicion are becoming  rife amongst  the people, irrespective of party  affiliations.  As an Ottawa Conservative journal  says:    'Alt is impossible to glance even superficially at the press of the country, not the Liberal,  but the  Conservative and  Independent  press, without realizing that the tenor of the  recent developments in the capital is so repulsive to the people at large that one of those  flood tides'of moral fury into which Macaulay  pictured    the    English   race   as   periodically  swelling, is now on the  rise in this country,  and  very apt, justly or unjustly, to -overturn  the present government.    If the government  and the Conservative party are wise they will  "stop at no half-measures to stem the tide, and  "we venture   to  say that   it is a half-measure  " that minor officials should be decapitated for  " illegalities affecting a few dollars in each case,  " while cabinet ministers against whom serious  " accusations are made and who are practically  '" on trial before the people, remain in charge of  "the departments  out   of  which much of  the  "evidence   for 'or  against  them   must   come."  The commendable  promptness which the government has shown in dealing with the "minor  officials" who have been found guilty of minor  offences will avail them little so long as the people have reason, or think they have, to suspect  that the chief offenders in the high places are to  be  sheltered,   if   possible,  from   the  storm.    It  will  be alleged, of course, that there is a broad  difference.   The suspensions and dismissals have  all been made, so far, on  proof or confession of  guilt.    There is as   yet   neither  confession   nor  positive proof of wilful wrong-doing on the part  of any minister.    And while it  is true that  in  the eye of British law every man  must be held  innocent until he has been proved guilty, it is no  less true that there is a certain degree of reasonable suspicion which destroys the usefulness of  a public officer and disqualifies him for a position  of  responsibility and  trust.    No   business man  would retain a clerk in such a position, pending  the'results of an  investigation, which appearances and circumstantial evidence were as much  against him. as they are, in view of the evidence  of a score  of  witnesses, and   of  written  documents, against the present head of the department of public works.   So long as there is a possibility  of  innocence  there  is  a  possibility  of  grave hardship in acting on the presumption of  guilt.  But after all, as Butler long since pointed  out,   "probabilities are the very guide of life."  And in the case of sir Hector Langevin there is  this to be said further.     The very evidence that  should   prove  the honesty  of  the  man   would  shatter the reputation of the minister and certify his utter incompetency for the position he  holds.    For there is absolutely no escape from  the alternatives of incompetency or dishonorable conduct.    Macaulay's figure is founded on  historical   truth.     The  progress  of nations in  political morality is like that of the incoming  tide. Reaction mav follow, but the whole  nation has been lifted, nevertheless, to a somewhathigher level. It is to be hoped that present events mark the beginning of such an uplifting in Canadian political life.  Tlie Greatest Ball  Game 'on Record.  A recent game of base ball at Devil's Lake,  North Dakota, between clubs from Fargo and  Grand   Forks,   was  the   longest  ever    played,  neither team getting  a  man   across the  home  plate in 25 innings, breaking the world's record  for the greatest number  of innings  without a  ran being made.    The struggle lasted almost 4  hours when the game was called to enable the  clubs to   catch  the train for the east.    No less  than 11 double plays were -made.    During the  game 25 men were left on bases.    The batteries  were���������Grand Forks, Gibbs and Oardno;.-Fargo,.  Raymer and Adams.    Each pitcher struck out  18 men.    Hank   Hearne,   Fargo's  second   baseman, accepted 16 chances out of 17.    Jack  McDonald, Fargo's third  baseman,  put 5 out and  made 10 assists without an error.    Jimmy Banning,   short  stop for  Fargo, and  Bob   Hill for  Grand   Forks,   played    errorless   games.     The  playing   of   Al   Watson,   second   baseman   for  Grand Forks, was phenomenal.    He accepted 19  chances without an error.    But one one fly ball  was dropped by the outfield.    The work of both  catchers was almost perfect, Sid Adams's throwing to  bases  being   unusually accurate.     The  longest game ever played  previous to this one  was' played at Boston, Massachusetts, May 11th,  1877,    between   the   Harvard   and   Manchester  clubs,  which  was 24 innings, score nothing to  nothing,  game called  on account of  darkness.  The next longest one was at Tacoma, between  the club of that city and the Seattle club, which  was 22 innings, and won  by Tacoma by a-score'  of 6 to 5.     Thus it will  be seen that the Fargo  and Grand Forks teams break the world's record  for the longest game ever played without a score  being made by either club.  Sara  Berii9iar<lt an American.  Pendleton, Oregon, contains  the   nephew  of  the famous sensational actress, Sara Bernhardt.  The most interesting feature of this fact is that  the nephew, J. H. Keables, has just  discovered  his-relationship, and that discovery leads to the  history of the illustrious Sara's origin, differing  materially from that given in her biographies.  Keables received a letter recently from his  ���������mother, now mrs. L. E. Bell, who lives at White  River, Tulare county, California. She states  that her niece, miss Mary Munn, who lives in  Iowa, had received a letter from Sara Bernhardt,  in which the great actress discloses the fact that  she is mrs Bell's younger sister, who ran away  from home in New York state 39 years ago.  According to mr. Keable's story, Sara was then  a sprightly young girl 10 years old, and was just  developing a temper for which she has since become noted. Her true name is Sara King, and  she was  born on  American   soil.    Her father.  Kingsley King/was of French and Jewish descent, and a plasterer by trade, living in Rochester, New York. Sara's mot her was dead, and  she and the other .children lived with an aunt,  her father's sister, mrs. Mary Finetield, in Rochester. One day a remark displeased heir arid she  left the house. This was not an unusual occurrence, and no attention was paid to it for the  time'being.- Sara did not return, however, and  her fate has been a mystery for 39 succeeding  years, in which she has been referred to by  nephews and nieces as their "lost aunt Sara."  She was mourned as one dead, and the surprise  which her', own disclosure has occasioned may be  imagined. "We would have been glad to hear  of our aunt if she had been a dishwasher in a  chop house," said mr. Keables. "The fact that  she is the world-famous actress, of course, is an  additional source of pleasure." Bernhardt can  no longer be called a French actress, if this be  true, and has several relatives, including two  .sisters.'and one brother in the United States,  whom she will doubtless visit when she comes  to this country.  Handed  on  OircuiiistaiLtial  Evidence.  More than   15 years ago, Jack  Marion and a  man   named   Cameron   set   out  together   in   a  wagon on   a trip, and   were  last seen  at   Blue  river, near Beatrice, Nebraska.   A few days later,  what was supposed to be the body of Cameron  was found in Blue river, and when discovered^  Marion had been seen with Cameron's team-and  goods in his possession, He was suspected of  murdering his companion. He was apprehended  10 years afterward, tried several times, and  finally executed in March, 1887. William  Wymore, uncle of Marion, has always believed  the latter. innocent, and finally -'proved if by  finding Cameron alive in Lacrosse, Kansas. The  latter had gone immediately to Mexico, and  thence to-Alaska, after leaving Marion on the  banks of the Blue river, and had returned from  Alaska only a-'year ago. Hearing of Marion's  execution then, for the first time, and fearing  himself amenable to law, he concealed his identity, but remorse caused him to reveal it. He is  fully identified.  The Kootenay Smelting and Trading  Syndicate, Limited, of Bevelstoke, B. 0.  arc prepared to sample and purchase  all kinds of  Prices and all information furnished on application.  J. CAMPBELL, manager.  Ho! for the Lardeaux!  The steam launch MIDGE will leave Ainsworth every-  Wednesday morning for the Lardeaux during the summer.  T. J. DA VIES, captain.  Ainsworth, B. C, July 13th, 1891.  &2*  BM^^  fi$838B&S8������!8!&!lM$BBS^P '������������������ *nWMwmMM'imfjM\w&m  im/*imKd<w<mmwv  THE  MINEE:    KELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY, AUGUST  15,   1891.  NELSON SAWMILL 00.  Yarfl s   At. end of Finnic m  Nelson.  Mill:   Two Miles South of Nelsoia.  Manufacture  The mill is now in thorough Oorder  '���������      ,, ���������'��������� .' ���������        '' < -      ��������� o  And Will Cut 20,000 Feet a Day.  Orders for special-size-stuff will receive prompt  attention. '  The Kooteiiay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Lumber��������� good, bad, and indifferent���������on  hand or made to order.  &. 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January loth.  MANUFACTURERS  O K  of every Description.  J~r JtX/JLI^-IjLi     8   I s ������3 JL  (DELIVERED  AT NELSON,   AINSWORTIt,   OR   BALFOUR).  I������KESS������I>.  No. 1 flooring, 4 inch, per M. ....  ������32 00  No. 2         "   '    G inch,      "  27 00  No. 1 ceiling, 4 inch,       "        32 00  No. 2        "       G inch.        " ������������������  27 00  Rustic,                                 "      27 00  Select clear, DJ>,    >          44       '.. 40 00  No. 1 common, D,             "  25 00  DD,     ,     "        ...;  27 00  Bar and counter tops, clear, per foot.  10  ROIJftH.  No. 1 common, per M  ������20 00  No. 2        "            "  15 00  Culls,                      "      A  12 00  Shingles,               "  4 50  MOMUWCiS.  Bead, panel, crown, base, etc., etc., per foot. 2A@10c.  Mills at Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake.  S. 0. Spalding,  '���������   .   .    Manager  R. F. PERKY, Agent at Nelson.  BEfcESfiNEK ������& WATSON, Agents at AinsworftlB.  IHIlVEKAi CLAIMS  RECORDED AND   TRANSFERRED  AT NELSON,   TOAD MOUNTAIN DISTRICT.  Wednesday, August 5th.���������The Mabel, situate  about 3 miles south from Buchanan's saw-mill ;  N. S. Dodds, locator. The Buckeye, an extension of the Mabel; Edwin Sullivan locator. The  Hawkeye, an extension of the Buckeye; E. F.  Ranch, locator.  Monday, August 10th.-���������The Euraqiiaw, situ-"  ate oo the west side of Sandy creek, about', a  quarter of a m ile west of tlie Toughnut; A. L.  Martin, and A. L. McLean locators. The Blue  Bird, ah extension of the Euraquaw; James M.  Gray locator.  A BIIXS  OF SALE.  Satu rda y, Angust 8th. -���������Con veya n ce of t he  Grizzly Bear mineral claim to the Stadacona  Silver-Copper Mining Company^ in which Charles Thomas Diipont, Peter Curran Dunlevy,  Richard B. Cawston, Thomas S. Milligan, John  Grant, William H. Ellis, T.F. Sinclair, Stephen  O'Brien, C. D. Rand, John Irving, P. S. Barnard, and J. E. Boss are stockholders.  Tuesday, August 11th.���������An agreement: between Jefferson Lewis and M.S. Davys, whereby the latter purchases the former's undivided  half interest in the Snowwater and Columbia  mineral claims, at the price of $1500, $500 of the  amount in cash, $500 on October 1st, and $500  ��������� on November 1st.  Thursday, August 13th.���������James Anderson to  ������������������'William Gibson,.& interest in the Little Queen;  consideration $2.  Friday, August 14th. ��������� Will iarn Gibson to  Charles Cole, ������������������������ interest" in Little Queen; consideration $200.  AT  AINSWORTH, HOT  SPRINGS  DISTRICT.  Monday, August 10th.���������The 4 H's,'situato about  3 miles west of Kootenay lake and being a  southerly extension of the Centennial; William  Hennessy, J. J. Hennessy, George Play ward,  and W. A. Hendryx locators. The Park Hill,  situate on the divide at the head of 9-Mile and  Elk creeks 'about 5 miles south of the town of  .Balfour; R. S. Crallop, T. J. Proctor, and A. I).  McGillivary locators. The Maxville, situate  about 5 miles south of the town of Balfour and  about ^ of a mile west of Elk creek, being a  southerly extension of the Pioneer; A. D. McGillivary locator.  Wednesday, August 12th.���������The Imegoh, situate about 4 miles west of Kootenay lake and running parallel and adjoining the east side line of  the Snowbank; Li. B. Luther, locator.' The  Vernon, situate on the north branch of Woodberry creek, about 1 mile west of Kootenay lake;  Edward Kingen and W. P. "Wakefield"locators:  BILLS  OF  SALE.  Tuesday, August 4th.���������N. A. Parrut to L. N.  Bourgeois, 5 interest in the Ajax, situate ori  Woodberry creek, Hot Springs camp; consideration $100. George W. Adrian to Irving A.  Duns-moor, ������ interest in the Jay Gould, second  southerly extension of the Tariff, Hot Springs  camp; consideration $2000. '  Saturday, August 8th.���������John H. Fink to Lewis  R. Lindsay, one-ninth interest in the Ellen ; consideration $1.  Monday, August 10th.v-John H. Fink to W,  H. Montgomery, one-ninth interest in the Ellen;  consideration $1.  Biislci!   Statics  Troops   ffnvntfc  Ca������a<Ia.  A captain   in   the United  States  army  says:  It is a fact, not generally known that.a few years  ago an   armed  force of Americans invaded the  British  possessions.     It occurred   in   the  early  part of 1877, during the pursuit of Sitting Bull's  band of renegades.    A few troops of the Second  cavalry were hot on the trail of the Indians, and  we hoped to catch them.   We had been wandering about for several  weeks, and did  not know  exactly   where we were.    Just about   dusk one  evening the major in command, who was riding  at the head of the column, came upon one of the  iron  posts that mark the British  boundary.     I  never heard a. man swear harder in my life, for  the trail was hot and he was hopeful of bringing  the   Indians  to a fight.    He called   the officers  around him  and held a  council of war.    Both  horses and  men were  worn   out, and it was 20  miles  to the nearest water on our side of the  line.    Under   the circumstances   he  decided   to  take the risk and camp with his command on  British soil.    We went about 3. miles into British  territory   and   spent   the   night   there.     Next  morning, however,' we were up early and slipped back to our own side of the frontier very  quietly. Fortunately no one saw us, and the  matter was not brought to the knowledge of the  Canadian government. I have often wondered  what would have happened if the Indians had  attacked us on British soil, where we had no  kind of right to be.  DERS.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work tinished on time.  SEASONED   LUMBEB ;  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  ��������� Undertaking attended to. '    t  Shop: Cor. Baker and. Josephine Sts,  (Successors to R. J. Hilts & Co.)  Contractors "and Builders,  seasoned Lumber  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.,  Will contract to erect all kinds of buildings and guarantee  satisfaction.    Shop : corner Josephine.and Bluff sts.  PAINTER   AND   DECORATOR.  Address :   Nelson Hotel.  Plasterers and Bricklayers  Will Contract for all Kinds of Work.  Materials furnished   and estimates given on  application.  Agents for the sale of JjIME.  Address all communications to Nelson, B.C.  ARCHITECT,  CONTRACTOR   AND   BUILDER,  ainswokth,. be. v.  Plans, specifications, and estimates furnished for  all classes of buildings.  FOOT. OF   WARD   STREET,,  ISAIAH  STEVENSON, Proprietor.  Boats  to,.hire  by  the  hour or day  at   reasonable   rates.  - Boats built and repaired.  Physician, Surgeon, and Accoucheur,  Office:   Stanley Streets  Barrister at   Law,   Solicitor,   Notary   Public,  Etc.  Office, Victoria, street.  Kam loops, B. C.  Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.  Mining matters, collections, and all commercial business  attended to.    Conveyances, agreements, and other  documents drawn up.  Tolson  Dualtfiiig         , Nelson, 15. C.  (A. M. Can. Soc. C. K.)  " CIVIL ENGINEEE AND AE0HITE0T,  tolson roldhnu neelson, b������ ���������. 4  THE   MINEK:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   AtTGIJST  15,, 1891.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B. G.  H.   &T.   MADDE  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with  a frontage  cowards Kootenay river,-"and; is newly  .    , furnished throughout. "��������� 0 .  'JL' _ErL JeL!       _L  -A- jB jl_i JEC  is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh ,  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE BAR IS STOCKED WITH THE BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  KOOTENAY HOTEL  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  NELSON, B. C.    ,  AXEL JOHNSOM,  PROPRIETOR..  THE  HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  THE  TABLE  ���������������re comfortable in size and      .is  acknowledged   the best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  T.  E   ZB-^IR,  is stocked With the best liquors and  cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  East Dakcr Street, Nelson,  Is one of the best hotels in Toad Mountain district,  and is the headquarters for prospectors and  working miners.  The Table is not Surpassed by that of any Hotel  in the Kootenay Lake country.  At the Bar is Dispensed Fine Liquors and Cigars,  and the bed-rooms are newly furnished.  MALONE   *fe   TltECELLUS.  ......... riton&iEToics  TRAIL,   IS. ���������.  TOPPING & HANNA  ..Proprietors  4*oo<1 Table; tiood Beds ; Hyas-Closc Liquors.  A -RIDICULOUS'   REVOLUTIOxN.  The Washington Post prints an interview  with Aquilia .1. Daug-herty, United States consul at Callio, Peru, who just returned from that  country, in which he says the present war in  Chili is the., most .-ridiculous, revolution he ever,  knew or read Of. It does not deserve the name  of revolution. sThe revolutionists are stationed  at Iquique, several hundred miles from Santiago,  where Balmaceda  has  headquarters.     Balmaceda has a force of 30,000 men at his command,  and the insurgents have 7000.    Bet ween the two  capitals of the opposing forces lies a mountain  range that is simply impassable by any armed  force.     There  is absolutely  nothing  upon   the  barren range of the rugged -mountains to sustain  an army, and it is impossible to.carry across it  that which  is   necessary to  support  an   army.  The  insurgents have  no  ships   with which   to  Scarry their men by sea, and if they had they  would soon be destroyed, for Balmaceda has the  whole coast  protected by torpedo boats.    Balmaceda is well supplied with the sinews of war  and goes on with the government, ignoring to a  great extent the efforts of the insurgents.'   The  idea of the party of revolutionists being several  hundred   miles  away  from the   people against .  whom'they'revolted and totally unable to come  nearer to them, strikes an American as being  very far removed from what we would call an  insurrection   or   rebellion.    In   the   meantime,  while the opposing party is in power, the insurgents are living well and seem to be prospering.  They occupy the rich district of Tarapaca, with  boundless quantities of nitrates, a territory that  Chili years ago wrested from the Peruvians, and  from the large revenues they derive from these  nitrates they are enabled to feed themselves and  live comfortably...  Merchant vessels  put in  at  Iquique and trade in this product as they did  before the rebellion, and the money thus brought  to them is the chief income of the insurgents.  ;, Decay .of the'"Hi������*ert--Man."  In f)iuA grandfathers' day the hired  man was  the   kind-hearted  neighbor  who   left  the   less  urgent needs of his own fields to save the crops  of  his fellow-husbandman.    He was more than  a guest; he was a philanthropist, and the seat  of honor at the table and the best the larder  could afford were his rightful due. Even a generation later specimens"of the original type of  "hired man" could be found, sons of farmers  with large families and narrow, acres, unmarried  .bachelor uncles, and younger brothers who were  almost ready to go to housekeeping themselves.  But the attractions of the city were even then  in vading the quiet of rural homes,and the number of New England boys who could be hired to  do farm work was relatively few. Today the  men whom the farmers' are forced to employ are  many of them from the lowest quarters of the  large cities. They spend their winters no one  knows where, but in the spring appear as regu^  larly as the woodchucks, and often in as dilapidated a condition.  "The  Pinest Hotel in Toad   Mountain  District."  Corner West Baker and Ward Streets.  nisi&on, us. ���������. ;  JOHNSO  AHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  The Silver King is a new building and furnished with new  furniture from kitchen to attic.   The table will not  be equalled by any hotel in Nelson.  SBittom Street, AINSWORTH,  B. ���������..  JOSIAH BROWN . PROPRIETOR  (Formerly of Virginia, Nevada.)  The only short-order house in  Hot Springs district.  Porterhouse and tenderloin steaks a specialty.  Meals at all hours.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TW0-ST0KY HOTEL IF NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  %'.'"���������. newly throughout.  THE   TABLE   IS NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED: WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  JAS. DAWSON  B. ORADDOCK  PROPRIETORS  HOTEL  K.4ST .VK'KNON   STItlSKT,   NKAK   UALi,.  THE GRAND  WILL   BE  CONDUCTED  IN   GOOD  STYLE  AND AS  IT FRONTS ON THE OUTLET  IT IS ONE OF THE  BEST SITUATED HOTELS IN NELSON.  THE DINING-ROOM IS NOT  SURPASSED  BY' THAT OF ANY HOTEL'ON THE LAKE  AND TPIE BAR WILL  ALWAYS   BE   STOCKED   WITH   CHOICE  LIQUORS AND CIGARS.  HANSEN   Sl   BLOM.BERG,-  PROPRIETORS.  ISAUFO&JK,   IS. ���������.  FLINT & G-ALL0P, Proprietors.  The BALFOUR commands a fine view of the Outlet and  Lake, and will be kept second to no hotel in  Hot Springs district.  Balfour is easily accessible to the mines in Hot Springs  district, and is in the center of a large area of mineral country not yet prospected.   It is also  within easy distance of the Kootenay  Lake and Pilot Bay sawmills.  ALL   TMB2   ISOYS   GO   TO  No. 15 Baiter Street,  when they are looking for fun.   The best of wines,  liquors, and cigars always on hand.  Iff. ���������*"_!* Vr&������ v utmt ma tmxmmmwoi uivmmMtkm ww>*  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,  B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  AUGUST 15,  1891.  Wriglit Street,  Wright Street,  aDIE^LIEIRS   I3ST  Miners' Supplies, IrbDv and Steel, Hardware,  i, Olothing, Men's  sions, Boots and Shoes,  Furnishings, Etc., Etc.  jE3_    Having bought the stock and book debts of the late firm of E. S. WILSON & 00., all parties having outstanding accounts  are requested to call and settle them as soon as possible.  ������KEAT   BOAT 'RACING.  The greatest  boat race ever witnessed on the  Fraser river was rowed at New Westminister  on   Saturday last,  between  Henry  Peterson of  San Francisco and Alex McLean of Pitt River.  Excursions  were  run  from  all parts, and fully  12,000 people saw the race.  Betting was in favor  of Peterson   and  his backers, had  far; the most  ���������'money.'    Westrnmister, people,    however,    bet  heavily  on McLean, and  an   immense  amount  was  staked, nearly  all   at   even   money.    Both  men were in perfect condition, but  McLean not  being accustomed to tine training-, rather overdid it, and did not show up in his usual form.  The  race was  3   milesa and   turn, in��������� "ou trigged  skiffs, 20 feet over all, for a purse of $2650.    J.  S. Clute acted as referee, starter, and sole judge  of the race.    Peterson won the inside course arid  gained   the  advantage  of   comparatively   still  ���������water, while McLean   was in a stiff current all  the way to the turn.    Both men got off /well together, McLean   getting slightly   the   better   of  the start.    Peterson was'..not long in shoving the  nose of .his boat  to the front, and   in  the first  eighth of a mile had won a lead of 3 lengths. At  the half mile he had increased it .to  6 lengths,  and   at   the   mile to 8.    Beginning   with   a  41  stroke, he gradually tapered down to 30, McLean  pulling  rather faster,  but   not   gaining.    After  reaching  the   mile  stake,   McLean   shoved   his  boat ahead and lessened the gap.    Peterson responded by opening out, and from  here to the  turning buoy, the race was .simply magnificent,  and   the  pace  tremendous.     The   Frisco   man  turned the stake in  11 minutes 30 seconds, and  McLean 30 seconds later.    The latter now pulled  for all  he was worth, and gradually closed up  the gap to 6 and  then 4 lengths.    But Peterson  had the race well in hand, and at the end of 2^  miles slackened down  and took  matters coolly  to the finish, winning easily  by 4 lengths in 20  minutes   and   28   seconds.      He   was    heartily  cheered   by  the   crowd,   and   bore   the  honors  thrust   upon   hirn   modestly.    The   time  is  the  fastest  ever made  in  out-rigged skiffs, and is a  record which will be hard to beat.    McLean is a"  Canadian, of Scottish descent, while Peterson is  an American.    The contrast  between  the men  is most marked, McLean  being a. man about 40  years of age, with a grizzly beard, at.  the same  time being a wiry looking old fellow.    Peterson  when sitting in his boat, is as fine a specimen of  manhood as  one  would   wish to see,   being 27  years of age, as straight as a dart,  with  well  formed limbs.  DOUBLE SCULLING.  Fully 15,000 people witnessed the double scull  race at Hamilton, Ontario, on  the 8th, for the  world's championship.    The men were in good  condition and the water as smooth as glass. The  mile and a half stake was reached by Hanlan  and O'Connor in 8 minutes and 3 seconds. In  the home-stretch the leaders did not exert themselves, and when within a quarter of a mile of  the finish they stopped rowing, and Hanlan  dipped his hands in the bay. They finally won  a comparatively easy victory by 9 lengths, in  18:26. Gaudaur and McKay's time was not taken.  The winners have accepted the offer of McLean  and partner of New Westminster to row a  double-scull skiff race, on  September 23rd, for  $1000 .or $1500 a side, the race to take place on  British Columbia waters.  HOW STANSBUBY   BEAT M'LEAN.  Accounts of the defeat of McLean by Stansbury  on the Paramatta river, Australia,  June "30th,  -3tev|the sculling championship, show that betting  at the opening was in favor of Stansbury at 5 to  2.    As the men came out it was seen they were  both in grand fettle, especially McLean.    Bach  had a new boat.    McLean won the toss and took  the northern side of the river."   When the competitors came to the mark,1 Stansbury was very  anxious to,get away, and broke over the mark  several times.    After McLean had followed suit  the pair got a way, Stansbury having a shade the  best of it.    In the first 50 yards Stansbury made  a  quarter  of a length  lead, both   men   pulling  well.    McLean made over to the northern shore,  not by any means the best course.    After going  about 300 yards, Stansbury was a length ahead.  Getting to Baxland's point, McLean put the remainder; of his.strength on, and got about level.  Betting  instantly  dropped  6  to  4  against McLean, but as soon as the point was reached, Stansburyopened out and shot to the front.    On the  way to Putney, Stansbury increased his lead in  spite of the determined efforts of McLean, who  was now past his best. ���������'" Putney was reached in  6  minutes and  22 seconds.    After  leaving  the  point,   Stansbury eased  down  a  little,   rowing  well, while McLean  was  beginning to tire, but  pulling gamely.   At Gladesville, McLean livened  up a little arid came up to 2 lengths, but Stansbury put in a few strong strokes and drove him  back.   Stansbury passed the finish at 18 minutes  and 25  seconds,   winning  by  2 lengths.    Both  men were loudly cheered.    It is stated now that  it   is   probable   that   Stansbury   will   take   up  Kemp's arrangements to visit America.  A  Minister Sends  in His  Resignation.  The Ottawa Citizen of the 11th, the government organ, says editorially: "Sir Hector Lan-  gevin, minister of public works, will appear before the privileges and elections committee for  .the purpose of making a statement in connection  with  the Tarte-McGreevy  inquiry.    It   is  understood the honorable gentleman has tendered his resignation as a minister of the crown,  considering it was his duty to parliament, the  government, and the committee. Sir Hector has  been leader of the French Canadian Conservatives for many years. He has been honored by  men of all classes. We look for his triumphant-  vindication ere the unpleasant proceedings.terminate."  The announcement of his resignation from the  cabinet produced a profound sensation in all political circles, as it was totally unexpected. Sir'1  Hector appeared before the committee on privileges and elections on the afternoon of the 11th  and read a long and carefully prepared statement, in which he denied emphatically all the  charges preferred against him and asserted his  entire innocence.  Well-Known Prospectors Found I>e;i<l.  News is received from Omineca of the death,  while prospecting, of 2 veteran miners of British Columbia, John Robinson and Gideon Hathaway.     The   former  was  a native  of   Harbor  Grace arid one of the 58ers. He was well-known  in both -Cariboo and Cassiar. His companion  was born in Massachusetts, and also came to  British Columbia from California towards the  close of the fifties. The bodies of the 2 men  were found by an Indian hunter, and the supposition is that they died, while far from civilization, of sudden fever.  SSaeearut Better Tlian I'oBier.  It would be a good thing," said a member of a  group  which   was discussing  the  Tan by Croft  scandal before a Chicago reporter the other day,  "if baccarat would push poker to thewall as one  of the amusements of American home life. How  this game  has  honeycombed  the mass of our  people  of late years is astonishing, though  to  mention the matter is to arouse a smile, for it is  always  treated   with  characteristic   American  lightness.    Poker is  esentially a  man's  game,  but our women  have taken to it.    Use a 'poker  expression in the society of women anywhere  and you will be surprised how many perfectly  understand you. And yet it would be preferable that they played baccarat, naughty as the  French name sounds."  Asked to explain his point the speaker continued: "Our national game is one of science, of  skill, while baccarat, quinze, and similar French  ga m es are pu re I y of chan ce. I k n o w m en i na k -  ing handsome incomes in Chicago today by  playing poker, some in clubs and many in home  circles, yet when it is necessary it is.reduced to  a science besides which the clumsy tactics of  Gordon dimming are laughable. Think of 5  persons at once noticing an act of cheating 1  Why, there are scores of amateur poker" players  in Chicago who would defy you to detect them,  though you look with all your eyes and had  their assurance that they were cheating yon.  "I thought I knew something of cards, but a  business man of this city taught me differently.  In his youth he had been with associates whom  he would not like to recognize today.   He played  poker with  me on one occasion to prove tome  that I had no chance against  him-.    Of  course,  he won as he wished, but I could not tell how  he   was doing  it   until   I seized   the  pack   and  counted the  cards.    Three  aces  were   missing,  'I give up,' I said to him ;  'where are they?'   He  turned over- his hand and  showed them.    "With  that hand   he had given   me a cigar* a   moment  before.    1 had been on the lookout for palming,  but one of his  fingers  bound up in  a rag as if  sore had fooled me.  "But to return to women in poker. If there  were ��������� no cheating they could not play poker.  One out of a hundred sometimes can, but (he  exception proves the rule. They cannot conceal  their feelings. It is said o/ Tallyrand that if  suddenly kicked in the back his face would not  show it. Morally the poker player is repeatedly  kicked, but he is imperturbable.' Woman is a  creature of. emotions; so, indeed, is the average  man, but not the true poker player.  "Again, no one who likes to talk can play  poker*. Watch the fellow at the club who likes  to tell a funny story during a game and see how  much it costs him. A woman breaks into gossip. It is as bad as if she hesitates, because she  is lost. Now, if it was a game of chance instead  of skill she would not be at all these disadvantages."  ''-���������' . i  mmmmm  Wi@������������M^M&!:'' ' L v"-^���������'1-"' ^^"v?"\ ' r   .���������.,TT"r,T���������wto^t^j^-va���������-*" Krr-"rt^'m1  ��������� j vv,���������<���������?��������� ������r-  *������%%  i^sSKSgTO&M^^ 6  THE MItfEE:    tfELSON,   B.   0.,  SATUKDAY,  AUGUST  15,   1891.  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  ,;    mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months ������2.50, one year ������4.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of ������3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Birth Notices free if weight of Child is given; if  weight is not given $1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from $1 to ������>10--accord-  ing to the social standing of; the bridegroom.  , Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name. Communications 'with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters :  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  EID1TOKIAL    RENAKKS.  The unsold portion of the townsite of Nelson  is owned hy the province and the Canadian Pacific railway, the railway company owning  some 18 blocks more than the province. Unless  the town is at once incorporated���������and there  does not seem to he any likelihood of such an  event taking place���������the people who have purchased lots from the government and upbuilt  the town will be at the mercy of the railway  company and men who, to temporarily advance  their personal interests, will stand in;with, the  company. Its'policy'will be here, as in every  other town in which it is interested: rule or  ruin. It has already shown its hand in the  street improvement business. First, it makes  fair promises as to what it will do if the govern"-.'  rnent money is combined with its contribution;  second, when the combination is made, it goes  back on its promises and seeks to divert all the  money to streets on which its officials own unimproved property: Finally, when its schemes  meet with opposition, it sulks and withdraws  its contribution altogether. And still there-are  men in Nelson who insist that the rule-or-ruin  policy of the railway company is fair.  Premier Abbott's emphatic words in the senate, on the 8th instant, had a sterling ring about  them. He said, speaking of the Baie-Chaleur  matter: "I ask the opposition to join with the  ���������*-* government in their efforts to find out all the  *' facts of the alleged rascality, and to give their  " talent in dealing with those matters so that  u justice may he dealt to all and dishonesty pun-  " ished wherever it may be found, be it in high  -or low, rich or poor1, great or small circles, for  ^ such is the policy of the government."  Self interest controls the actions of many of  the individuals who condemn the selfish policy  of the Canadian Pacific railway. There are men  hi Nelson who have, time and again, denounced  the railway company for its unfairness, and  who had not words bitter* enough to hurl at-men"  who differed with them. Yet, they willingly  stullify themselves by standing in with the railway company at the first opportunity offered,  whereby, by unfairness, they are individual  gainers. It is but fair to state that but few of  these men are Canadians born.  The ultra loyalists of Windsor, Ontario, recently showed how narrow-minded and intolerant they could be. The Grand Army of the Republic, an organization of men who served in  the Northern army during the civil war, was  holding its annual encampmentat Detroit, which  is opposite Windsor. Many of the residents of  Windsor are natives of the United States and  oiany others in sympathy with its people and  Institutions, and in honor of the encampment  4iad  hoisted  bunting and  flags to  show their  kindly, friendly feelings. The ultra loyalists  telegraphed the minister of militia at Ottawa,  sir Aldophe P. Caron, for an order to have the  bunting removed. The order was given, and a  militia company had tp be called out to do the  removal. These intolerarits should be all bundled over to the old country or to the United  States; they do not belong in Canada.  Following the lead of The Miner, the Kam-  loops Sentinel of last week comes out squarely  in favor of the appointment of John Andrew  -Mara; to the lieutenant-governorship of the province as soon as a vacancy occurs. Like The  Miner, it cannot find any good reason why  Edgar Dewdney should be given the appointment. Mr. Dewdney is not now identified with  the province, and outside of laying out several  of the worst trails in the province, never did  anything to advance its material interests. The  following shows that the Sentinel and The  Miner are not alone in opposing the aspirations  of,mr. Dewdney:   o -.- ���������������������������'���������'���������  New Westminster Ledger:  '"It seems to have  " become very generally believed that mr. Dewd-  " neyis to be appointed the next jieutenant-gov-  " ernor of this province. This probability, if such  '" it is, first became mooted during the closing  '" months of the last parliament.    Mr. Dewdney  " was well known to have been objectionable to  " the Conservatives of eastern Canada, not alone  "on account of what was asserted to the detri-  " ment of his abilities to administer the interior  "department, but also because of the fact that  "there were several prominent members of the  "party whose  long and faithful services it was  " believed entitled them to  preference over mr.  " Dewdney.    His appointment was made by the  " late premier on grounds of personal, friendship  " between the two families, lacly Macdonald and  " mrs.   Dewdney   being   bosom    friends.      No  " doubt the loud-toned grumbling on the part of  "his   suporters  indicated   to  sir  John   that   it  " would be necessary to find some other post for  " his friend, and what more likely than that he  "should be disposed of by appointment to the  " gubernatorial   chair  in   this  province,   where  " he had spent a good portion of his life and  " where he is by no means without warm friends.  " But  sir John   was  called  away,  and  in   the  "dilemma in which his party was thus left, the  " necessity of getting rid of a bone of contention  " in the interior department became more acute.  "He is   unqualifiedly a source of  weakness to  " the  government, and  that  he will remain a  " member of it beyond the present session is not  "to  be expected.    But   now, also,   there is  an  "abatement   of the influences that tended  to  "his elevation in this province.    Mr. Dewdney,  "it must be confessed, has been a child of for-  " tune.    With no merits of his own as a public  man, he was  given the lucrative  positions of  Indian commissioner and lieutenant-governor  " in the Northwest Territories, and thence was  " straightway promoted to  the head of one of  " the most important departments of the government.    May it not very well  be  inquired  " whether it is not time that some one else had  " a turn at the honors and emoluments of office,  " there are several deserving men in this prov-  " ince who would adorn the high office that is  " shortly to  become  vacant,   and  we  think  a  " choice should be made from among them."  n  It  The owners of The Miner can truthfully state  that' its columns have never been used to advance their personal interests as against the  interests of the community in which it is published.    If they have property in  Nelson, the  property was acquired honestly. If they have  thrived, it is not the thrift that follows fawning;  If they have made enemies���������and they have made  bitter ones���������it is because of a refusal to use the  columns of The Miner to advance the personal  interests of these enemies as against the interests of the public. The Miner will continue to  work in the interests of the whole community;  and its owners will endeavor to hold their own  against the combination of self-seekers and  transient officials whose acts are sometimes not  above suspicion. "...'" : ; : ,'���������  The following is from the Vancouver World:  " The Nelson Miner complains that the treas-  " urer of the C. P. R. willl not accept checks on  " banks  for   freight   charges,   unless   they  are  ���������'���������'��������� marked.    If the Miner man   comes down to  " Vancouver some   of  these  days he   will  find  " other people besides C. P. R. officials who Will  " not  accept unmarked   checks.    For instance,  "let him   go   to  the  custom   house.    The first  "thing one will  see is   the big  white sign   on  " which appears a notice signed by the collector  " to the effect  that, acting under the orders of  ,���������'���������-* the minister,no checks will be accepted unless  "marked.    Next try the express offices, and it  " is  all  the  same.    The  rule  is   to   take   only  " marked checks, and even if a man does own a  "good mine in the Nelson district, he must get  " his checks accepted."    It   is   not   to  be wondered at that the railway and express companies  and   the collector of  customs  refuse to  accept  uncertifiedChecks issued by Vancouverites.    It  is even a wonder that they are accepted after  being cert ified. _____  Mr. Fitzstubbs, who imagines that he rules  over West Kootenay district by divine right,  was very wrath that that Canadian-born pie-  bian, J. M. Kellie,. should request him to expend  a few dollars on an old-established trail between  Fast and West Kootenay; but somehow he did  not show much wrath when "instructed" from  Victoria to spend hundreds of dollars in clearing  a street that would enhance the value of an addition to Nelson, on which there is not a completed residence and only one under course of  construction. But then, the "instructions" were  handed him by a patrician from England.  Questions for- mr. Fitzstubbs to answer: If  instructed by the surveyor-general to improve  but 2 streets in Nelson, why were you willing to  disobey the instructions and have work done ou  other streets by day's labor? If not instructed  by the surveyor-general, why did you say that  you were?   That mine secretary McDonald's statements  regarding the reliability of the mining news  printed in The Miner is not shared by disinterested outsiders, the following from the Dead-  wood Times of the 8th instant goes to prove:  "The Miner of Nelson, British Columbia, is  " evidently prospering, having been greatly en-  " larged, and it now furnishes better and more  " reliable mining news than any other paper  " published in that province." Unlike mr. McDonald, the editor of the Times is a man whose  knowledge of mining was gained in aiding to  develop the mineral resources of the country in  which he lives���������the Black Hills of South Dakota.  The most-blatant and loud-mouthed opponents  of the Canadian Pacific railway are generally  the first to get down and fawn and cringe, if by  fawning and cringing they are personally benefited. It is not necessary to go farther than  Nelson to find these blatant self-seekers, as one  of them at least can be found on Vernon street.  m  &&?.  fTTT^WF^rs^^ THE  MDJEH:    NELSON,   B. ,0.,   SATUEDAY,  AUGUST  15,   1891.  aw-  Dealers in Dry Goods,.'���������.Groceries,.;' Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty,  The stock is full- and conmlete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods  "'" ���������"���������'-���������' ������������������'..'���������.������������������'.��������� '���������''���������;���������.'"���������','' and compare Prices.  Main Street, REVELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELS  GIVK    TUB   UW   .A.'FAIU    TRIAL.  It. will be admitted that the new mineral act  of British Columbia is 'not ..perfect; but it will  also be admitted by unprejudiced men that it'is  no worse than the act which it .'repealed./' The  fol 1 o w i n g , f r o m t he M c) n ta n a M in i n g Re vie w i s  as applicable to our ruining laws and some of  our people as it is to the mining laws of the  United States and to the people of Montana.:  "There are alwavs a few men in every com-  rnunity whose mental vision is so distorted that  they think what ever is, is wrong. They are always acting the part of theskeletor.rat the feast.  If times are good, they are/certain we. are. sure  to have bad times to ruin every thing arid upset  everybody. If times are bad, they are going to  be worse and worse, until .even...exist.en.ee-. shall  prove a burden. If any of them should ever get  to he'aveu, they wou 1 d be oertain t hat another  revolt of the angels would divide the heavenly,  hosts, or they would have some changes to recommend to -increase the happiness of its inhabitants.  "It is men of this class who are complaining  of   our*  mining  laws  and   suggesting changes.  Experience has shown that a code of laws, even  if they are slightly imperfect, that has existed  until the people have become familiar with them  and know them thoroughly, give better satisfaction than new codes with which  the people are  unfamiliar. Some of our states have felt heavily  the  burden put  upon  them by  changing their  code of laws,  for it  has, cost  litigants  millions  of   dollars   to   have   the  meaning  of   the   new-  codes established  by the courts   of the several  states.    Change is  not   necessarily an improvement, and when laws are thoroughly understood  by the people there is less reason .for making  changes.    The mining laws of the United States  are very liberal, and   have worked   well in  the  development   of   the   mining   interests   of   the  country.     They   have   become  familiar   to   the  people and any change would probably be   resented by them.    The changes proposed by the  last congress awakened a strong interest among  the ruining men of the mountains, amongjwhoin  we think the sentiment was and  is that there  was no need of any changes.   No set of rules can  be drawn  by  man   which will not in   some  in-  .staiices prove unjust.    Even the natural laws of  God seem  to us often to work  individual  hardship;   how   much  less,  then,  must   the laws   of  man give satisfaction?  "It is often said that owners of claims should  not be allowed to 'relocate claims which they did  not represent the previous year; that some  other person ought to be allowed a chance to obtain the property and develop it. Do these objectors consider the injustice such a rule would  often work to individuals, and that it would be  taking from some rights which would be given  to others? If persons refused to represent their  claims when they were able to do so, the law  might properly deprive them of the right to  relocate the same claims, but how hard it would  be to establish such facts necessary to make out  <jases, and how much litigation it would give  rise to.  "Some think persons should not be allowed to  own more claims than they can.work. Such a  law would undoubtedly work hardships. Under  the same rule a man ought not to be allowed to  hold a town lot or farm property which he does  not improve or use. A general law to such an  effect rnight not work any serious hardship, but  we cannot see why mining property should be  the only property a man.'should.-'not own unless  he worked or used it.  "Our mining laws are liberal, they.'are suited  to.-the genius and character of our people; they  work no hardship upon any one, and we can see  no need of changing them at this particular  time."  An  Insolent Letter* from-a. Mine Secretary.  The following   insolent  letter is from a man  who smilingly sees.the men who placed him in  the   position   he   occupies'"barred   from   even   a  voice in the management of the mines they discovered.    That he was in any wav instrumental  in causing the original  13 owners to, first, lose  half   the   valuable   property  in   question,   and,  then,  the control   of  the other   half,  would   be  giving him credit for ability that  he does not:  possess.    As to the truth of his charge, that the  statements of The Miner are always without  foundation and prompted by malice, the people  who  support   it1 by  their   patronage  are  fully  competent   to   judge.     Mr.   McDonald's   letter  would have much more weight with the people  of the Kootenay   Lake country,, if,  instead  of  abusing The Miner, he had  pointed out  the  misstatements    in    the     article,    referred     to.  As  for1  the  owners  of   The   Miner,   in   their  own   wav.   they  are   doing   what   they  can   to  hasten the development of a country which the  management of the Silver King are doing 'much  to retard:"  To The Editor of The Miner: The comments in your issue of the 8th instant.respecting  the Silver' King and its management are characteristic of The Miner, incorrect, untrue, and  insolent. I do not remember a single statement  ever made by The Miner that was true of  founded on facts, but all on mere idle gossip or  rnalice. When the owner's of The Miner buy  the Silver King they may have a voice in its  management, but until that time-arrives'their  advice is not asked for* nor- their* assistance required. Let The Miner boom Nelson real  estate on its own merits and leave the Silver*  King alone. The publication of this letter is  not asked as a favor, but as a matter of justice.  Nelson, August 13th.  John McDonald.  Bravery' of��������� a  BSailroed  Engineer.  The bravery of a New Hampshire railroad engineer deserves prominent������������������mention. More than  once has some brave engineer* or fireman ventured on the forward part of a locomotive to  rescue a child playing on the track who had not  heeded the warning bell or whistle. But in this  instance the engineer, Charles J. Hutchins, himself fell  while attempting to rescue the child,  and was pushed from the track by the locomotive. He succeeded, in catching hold of one? of  the cars, and found that the child, over whom  the engine had passed without injury, was in  danger from the moving wheels of the following  cars. With a presence of"mind arid daring such  as is seldom recorded, he reached under the  train and succeeded in catching the child and  holding it away from the wheels until the train  stopped. The child was uninjured. The engineer suffered only slight,,bruises.'..' His act of  heroism adds a new honor to the body of brave  men to which he belongs.  To Tell  Wlien Life is Extinct.  v   The French Academy of Science several years  ago offered a prize of $8000 for the discovery of  some means by which even the  inexperienced  might at   once .-'determine- whether  in   a g-iveh  case death had ensued or rot. A physician obtained the prize for having discovered the following well known phenomenon : If the hand of  the suspected dead person is held toward a candle or other artificial light with the lingers extended and one touching the other, and one  looks through the space between the fingers toward the light, there appeal's a scarlet red color  where the fingers touch each other, due to the  blood still circulating, it showing itself through  the tissues which have not congested. When  life is .'entirely extinct the phenomenon of scar-let  space between the fingers at once ceases. The  roost extensive and thorough trials establish the  truth of this observation.  ERCHANT TAILOR  NELSON, B. C.  arc now settled in  their now store, No. 2 Houston & Tn.k  building-, and have on display a full range of  Plain and Fancy Worsted Suitings and Scotch and  Irish Tweeds and Serges.  PEICES TOSUIT TECETIME8  BALFOUR, B. G.  Wholesale,   BCeiail,  and   Commission  Merehanl,  Dry G-oods and Groceries.  FIVE  PER CENT DISCOUNT  will be allowed on all retail  CASH purchases, of over $A,  on any line of goods..   Liberal discounts on CASH  wholesale orders.  I will give $100 reward for information that will lead to  the arrest and conviction of the person who poisoned ray  dog, known as "Colonel." D. LA BAU, M. D.  e: -"  ^ .-���������.%?���������  ">'.ilt,$-i'"?-?&7fF' 8  THE   MINER:    KELSON,   B,   0.,   SATURDAY,   AUGUST  15,   1891a  A'/;-COWBOy    THAT    WAS    ������KEASE1> . LIGHTNIxYG.  I, was down in southwest Texas; away down  close to the Rio Pecos, in the sheep and cattle  country.   There I saw a roping match   within  the   blassic  precincts of Red  Blanket,  a  town  which would be a cow town if it were not a good  deal of a sheep town too.    It was just after the  spring roundups and shearings; everybody was  flush, work was no more and gaieties not much,  so when some inspired genius���������horse-rustler or  .:,   cow-puncher���������suggested  the   idea  of a roping  match, he achieved instant popularity.    It was  determined to  make  the affair a brilliant and  inemorable one.   Everybody chipped in liberally  and  a. couple of gorgeous; premiums were purchased.    The first, a beautiful cowboy saddle of  superb and ornate Mexican workmanship, and  the second, a. big white sombrero, glorious with  gold and silver.    No pains or money was spared.  The fair .grounds were secured tor the occasion,  and every herd and cattle ran die within 60. miles  was   laid    under*   tribute   to furnish   wild   and  vicious   steers.     These   were  gathered   up and  b'rpught, fighting, bellowing, and 'protesting- to  the fair grounds, and there put in a pen.    Each  man was to have but one trial, so that if any little accident befell   himself or horse or* rope���������-a'"  failure a.t the first throw, a stumble in a prairie-  dog  hole, a flaw  in   the fiber���������his  chance   was  gone, and so, after all, it was bound to be almost  as nmch luck as skill that decided the contest.  A >They were a fine  looking lot of fellows that  rode out  in   front of  the .judges' stand.     You  know you find all sorts among Texas cowboys,  from   the Oxford   and Harvard  man  down���������or  up; and ' here- were also a good   proportion   of  young- ranchmen and business and professional  men, for almost.everybody''hi west Texas has or  has had cattle,, ahdift it is pretty nearly part of a  -young  man's collateral education to  be able to  ride  like a, Cossack and   rope  a  steer  in   good ���������  shape.    These a.re the usual   tactics of  roping:  The roper rides up pretty close along side or behind the steer;.-and while going at about the animal's g-aif, throwscthe lasso oyer- its  horns.    By  fbllovving. along .with the rope slack  it may begotten -clear' under hi mi, so he runs.    Now   by  taking a" turn around  the   pommel the, rope  is   ]  .secured. Hum flip pony suddenly stops, the steer   I  'is-thrown   literally heels over head.    By great'  j  skill the steer may be thrown when the rope has   I  only caught on one horn, but it generally slips  oif.    There a.re other slips too, that may occur  between the successful throw of  the rope and  the final tying up of the steer's feet.    The latter  may, after he has  been  roped, bolt sideways, in  which case  it is quite 'possible'for  him  to pull  over-horse and rider���������especially if he is big and  the pony small.    Or a cinch  may burst, or the  saddle bow break.     When the roper has thrown  his steer*,'lie- jumps off his pony and runs to tie  him, leaving the pony to hold, him by keeping  the line  from the   pommel   to  his   horns taut.  This I always thought the prettiest sight of the  whole; the sagacious little pony standing with  his nose to the   prostrate foe, straining at  the  line, and watching the steer* with bright, knowing  eyes,  which seemed   to say,  "Yes,  I'll  get  myself disliked if I let you get up, and I've no  ���������intention of'doing so."-  The contestant-.who made the shortest time  from the loosing of the steer and the throwing,  up 'of his own hands as a signal that the steer's  feet were tied and the job completed, was to get  the saddle, the next best, the sombrero. Jim  Blair* was tlie favorite, while his most dangerous rival was a'stranger in the country, an unknown champion .from- away up in the Panhandle, who was said to be greased lightning  with a rope. The pen in which the cattle were  was connected-to'a small opening out of it by  means of bars, and the further end: of this second one also consisted-of bars.  When colonel Jake Kiibreath announced that  the contest would now open, a steer* was run  into the second pen. It dashed furiously to the  end, and finding it closed, turned to rush back  as he came. Here, he was met by a mounted  man who fought him back with a big whip,  while a second finished putting up the bars.  The enraged steer* tore frantically back and  forth, and was driven about with sticks and  clubs, whoops and yells, until he was perfectly  maddened, when the outer bars were suddenly  withdrawn and he leaped out into the open,  where Bub   Walker ������������������ was   waiting  for  him  on  "Possum," and was after him like a shot. Bub  was a fine, well made, keen looking fellow, and  "Possum," a little white chap, with big, bright,  black eyes; Was one of the best cow ponies in  the country, and as quick and agile as a cat.  The steer was a big lean, sorrel one, that ran  like a deer. Bud and Possum got a fair* start  with him; the throw -was;, made successfully.  Then came the exciting moment when the pony  was doing his utmost to keep up with the steer-  while the ;rider watched every turn to throw  him by an endwise jerk. Suddenly Possum  stopped and braced rigidly; the steer's nose  went to the ground, his heels described a tremendous .-curve through the air and he lay so  fiat on the -.prairie-you could hardly see. him.  Bud leaped from the saddle to tie down, leaving  Possum to hold him; but he had no sooner  reached the ground than the animal made a,  sudden effort and rose'to his feet. But Possum's  eye was on him; lie instantly ran backward and  jerked him flat. Bud jumped on him, tied his  feet arid the job was done.  The next steer was a white one, so wild  and  frantic that he  burst out  the end of the small  pen, and  before the bars could   be taken down  dashed  into  the   open   with   blood   in   his   eye.  "Pennsylvania.  Mack,"Aon   his famous  cutting  pony,  "Captain   Kidd," were after* him.    They  ���������"overhauled him promptly,,, the'throw' was made,  the   rope   fastened  and   then   the  great   brute  bolted sideways and the pony and the rider* went  over together in a heap.    But the "Captain" had  won   his   rank'' dearly   on   many a   well-fought-"  field.    He was up and  off.    Now if was nip and  tuck   between  the  little clavbank   and   the  big  white steer; and there were 'shouts and roars of  laughter and  applause, as the plucky little fellow ran  and  dodged, and  doubled, and  tacked,  jerking the big steer about till some of the boys  ���������Qoul.d get to the rope and  cut  it, and drive the  steer into the outer regions.  Again, amid shouts and yells and the brand-'  ishing of clubs, a-steer shot forth with glaring  eyes and rigid, horizontal tail. lie went like  -mad, and .-when, after some time and much hard  running he was finally roped, he made frightful  lunges; the cinch, the-rope,--or. the saddle-bow  gave way, the beast rolled over about fourteen  times one way, and pony, and rider as many  times the other way! The fellow with horns  'was up first, a good deal disfigured, but still  ready to try conclusions with any comer*. Nobody was seriously hurt, but the'poor little  pony's demeanor touched my heart; he looked  so sheepish and pitiful.  Out tore the next candidate for the rope, and  after 'him' the favorite, Jimmie Blair, on his  black pony "Snapper." Off they went, the fiery  little black fairly flying over the ground. The  steer was roped and thrown vei*y quickly, but  with a sharp struggle, and only the tying remained. But the moment the animal felt Jim's  weight' on him he hopped up like lightning,  everybody was breathless ��������� we hardly knew  whether to laugh or be scared. But "Snapper"  didn't debate. He promptly and emphatically  hauled the animal down, with a backward  plunge and kept on dragging him as he struggled to rise until Jim had him safely tied and  .threw up his hands. "Snapper's" performance  was accomplished with little snorts, tossing of  his pretty head, kicking out of the little slim  heels, sharp neighs and flirting of his tail, which  were all the world like articulated speech.  "Snapper*" was the very prettiest and cutest  pony of all, and wen Jim jumped on him���������after  finishing his steer in 63 seconds ��������� "Snapper"  swelling with visible pride carried his master off  the field amid loud applause.  There was a miss or two after At his. Then a  man'roped his steer and tried to throw it; but  it was big, his pony light, and it made a plunge  ahead, jerking horse and rider over* forward,  the man striking- on the top and back of his >  head. The pony and the steer seemed to be  struggling all  around  and   over  him.    It   was  ���������in  horrible. We all groaned. Some of the men  galloped out and brought him in, when he was  found to be only stunned by the fall. Curiously  e n o u g h h e h ad n't bee n ton eh e d i n t h e s cuffle  afterward. Everybody gasped with relief, and  just then the pony, to our astonishment and  probably to the steer's, succeeded in throwing  him. And the game little fellow���������as though to  make assurance doubly sure and leave no room  for* defeat after ail his engineering and hard  work���������never let up dragging his struggling  eneany till the latter was safely tied, and at the  same time shaking his head and jawing back in  the plainest kind of horse talk, just as "Snapper"  had done.  Out came an unusually Wild and vicious steer,  and the f unniest-looking pair you ever saw to  rope him. The pony was a little ratty "paint,"  with a pole heck and one flop ear, the man big,  heavy, and awkward-looking. This must be the  unknown champion, the "greased lightning  roper of the Panhandle." "Everybody yelled  with laughter as the pair* sailed in close on the  heels of the. vamoosing huckskin-colorecl steer 1  But -that lit tie beetle-bug of a pony, whose  whole architect lire was an outrage on the laws  of horse anatomy, just caught up'with the great  long-legged creature in good shape, the clumsy  looking man threw the rope like a streak of the  gen nine, lubricated electric fluid over* his horns,  threw him endwise till I thought to hear his  neck crack, lit out of the saddle and flew up to  him like a ballet dancer, tied him like a prestid-  igitateur then threw up his hands, and the judge  shouted 48 seconds.       , !;  0 That   was .2" years  ago,   and,  if  I   remember  the  Panhandle  champion's   work   was  rightly,  li->'  the best record ever made  AND  CHOICE TOILET ARTICLES  ; AND  ;    PATENT MEDICINES  -   '._ ' '"' '   .    '      ' ' -AT'   . .  Dr. Arthur's Medical Hall  Cornoi* Sd.a'irl<\v  an������l   Hiuif  Streets...':a  A Specially Fine Assortment of Flavoring Essences  ijsr  stock:.  DIOAIJORS   IN  o :E3i :e iivr i o .A. x_, s.  PATENT MEDICINES,  TOILET ARTICLES,  ETC,  WSS^S^SASJ-:     IfcEAELSSItS     IN     CJJMiSAUS.       22AYMONS5  SB WI ft'������    M A CHIN EH   S 'HI    ST4MJ E4.  Cor. East Baker and Ward Streets,  PIONEER DRUG STORE,  ���������AIfc'SW������>KTII,   55. ���������. ��������� .  Drugs and Medicines, Wall Paper, Paints and Oils,  Tobacco and Cigars, Fishing- Tackle,  Stationery, etc.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners5 Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing-, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  V������ lf^ afa^Bsmasasaaw  THE  MINER:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,  AUGUST  15,   1891.  W. J. WILSON.  W. PERDUE.  PERDUE,  PROPRIETORS OF  AT.  NELSON AND AINSWORTH.  Will contract to supply mining companies arid steamboats  with fresh meats, and deliver same at any mine or  landing in ,,the Kootenay Lake country.  CORRAL AND STABLING  '���������  AT NELSON,  where saddle and pack animals' can Mw^sbe^iiVeu^itu^  teams obtained for job teaming.  n^^^^ZDS    COMTEACTS  with  merchants  for hauling freight to or from  railroad  depot and steamboat wharf.  NELSON   OEFICE ANO-MARKET,  NO. II EAST BAKER STREET  PROPRIETOR OF  THE  CORRAL and STAB  Wiird  Street,  re:ir  <������overs*ment  Biiaildsn^.  NELSON, B. O.  Will undertake any work or contract in-which pack animals or teams can be used.    Will furnish  SADDLE AND PACK ANIMALS  to parties who wish to examine mines and claims  in Toad Mountain district.  WILL   CONTRACT  TO   CARRY  PASSENGERS  and baggage to and from hotels ;  also, freight  lo and from steamboat wharves and  railway depots.  CONTRACT TO GRADE LOTS IN NELSON.  Stove,  and Cord wood ' for Stile.  .���������UNSwoBrris, b. cv  ���������ana  Contracts taken for hauling supplies, machinery, ore,  etc.  to and from mines in Hot Springs district.  ALL   TEAMING   WORK   UNDERTAKEN.  Agents    for   I>avies-Ssiywjird     Sawmill    Company's  Lumber,  Moldings,  and   SIiingles.  Just arrived at Robson's bakery a car-load of Ogilvie  flour. To insure ready sale, it will be offered at a low  price. For sale at bakery on Bluff street and at Robson's  store on West Baker street.  A   FKEE   TEADE   FALLACY    PIJNCTUREO.  Wages seem to be about as low in Liverpool  as they can get, and still in Canada and the  United States we find free traders advocating a  policy, that-would speedily lead to similar conditions. The advocates of free trade who make  pretensions: of fairness no longer deny that free  trade reduces the compensation of labor, but  they contend that, as an offset, the purchasing  power of money is greater���������that the money  earned in a. day will  buy more in England for  instance than in the United States. Edgar L.  Wakeman, a newspaper correspondent who has  been traveling for .months in Scotland and England, disposes of this fallacy in brief and explicit language.    He says:  "Thez*e never was a crueler political or other  falsehood coined than the one that money has  twice the purchasing power in Great Britain  than it has in America! It is absolutely untrue  that there is not a human need, I do not say luxury, which cannot be as cheaply purchased in  America than in England, barring the one item  of a habitation. The burning fact is that the  lowly of this country are:.forced to live twice or  thrice as tneagerlv as our own toilers. Here  capital has, vvith devlish ingenuity, as it .may-  do. with us in time if'immigration.-be-not soon  wholesomely restricted, ascertained to a farthing on how little human beings who labor may  be made to exist; and Britons who 'never,  never, will be slaves,1 are slaves of the most  hopeless character from the cradle to the grave."  Mr. Wakeman is in no sense a politician nor  writer on political subjects. He is a tourist and  tells simply what he sees, not what he thinks.  He deals in facts, not theories. The above statement from his pen, therefore, is worthy of every  attention. It illustrates what free trade has  done for Great Britain, and by comparison, it  shows what tlie policy of protection, operating  to maintain wages at a high standard, has done  for America.  The Anaconda iWine Not Sold.  i c    .  | "For about the twentieth and last time I wish  | to be distinctly understood that the Anaconda  mine has not. been sold," said J. B. Plaggin to a  reporter of the Chicago Tribune. "I a,m in a,  position to know about any business transactions  that  take  place   in   connection  with   the  Anaconda, and I can assure anybody who is interested one way or another that the mine has  not been sold.  "The Anaconda is shut down at present and I  cannot say when it will be opened again. We  closed because we did not propose to operate a  mine for the benefit of a railroad corporation  alone. The traffic charges were extortionate,  and I shall probably build a t;rack on my own  account and carry the ore to the smelters. The  track, will be 24 miles long and extend from  Anaconda to Butte.  "We are not in a position at present to sell  the. mine at a fair price, even if we were so disposed. ,.We are losing money, the miners are-  leaving, our. section of the country, and speculators do not intend to invest their money in a  concern that is not in a flourishing condition."  A  Diamine  ol" <ftcciipiilion  Alone Weeded.  In the August number* of the North American  Review there is a seasonable article by dr. Hammond on "How to Rest."   The doctor's conclusions are not strikingly original, but they are  not the less worthy of attention on that account,  for in   matters relating  to the  conduct of  life  there are no truths more commonly neglected  than those which nobody cares to dispute.    It is  usual   to hear people talking as   if  there  were  some miraculous potency in  change of air and  scene, but these must be accompanied by a complete change of occupation if the tired organization   is   to   have   rest.     Men   and   women   who  transfer to the seashore or the  mountains the  daily round of excitement, feverish anxiety, and  elaborate festivity to which they are accustomed  in the city aue simply cheating   themselves of  the  rest  needed   to   prolong  life.     But  as  dr.  Hammond points out, one may be too literal in  seeking the benefits of repose-    A man who has  had both brain and muscles in vigorous and prolonged  exercise for 9 or  ������0 months  thinks he  needs complete rest, and reduces himself to the  condition of a sentient vegetable. The result is  a mind and body enfeebled by inaction and an  incapacity for work which it takes him weeks  to overcome. The body does not require absolute rest. -'It'merely needs exercise under the  most healthy conditions, and in taking this body  and mind become alike invigorated. The most  ben'eficient form of rest is to be found in change  of occupation. For the sedentary, exercise in  the open air; for the hard-driven, loafing beside  a brook or in a boat on a bay. It is, above all,  a complete divorce from ordinary cares���������a great  bar of separation between the man or woman  on a vacation and what either has left behind.  For, as dr. Hammond remarks, "a man or  woman is to be, managed in respect to rest in  very 'much the same way that a* farmer manages his-field; * * ���������*���������' by changing from one  thing to another the product is better and the  earth is not deteriorated."  Canadian Pacific Eailway  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Through Passenger  Service from Ocean to Ocean.  AN"0   CHANGES.  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay I>nke Shippers will be consulting   their   own   interests  by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  STEAMER   "LYTTON  j������  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE  every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for A,  fe|TOEO]SrT03  VANOOTJVEK,  rTEW WESTMINSTEK,  oi &tJ?   pAIJIj  "VTOTOEIA, I Iozebiic^g-cv  AND  ALL POINTS   EAST.  Por rates,   maps,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,   apply  to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D.E.BROWN,  Gen'l -Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr't & Pas'r Ag't..  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver; B. Ca  THE    COLUMBIA    &    KOOTENAY    STEASV?  NAVIGATJON   COMPANY,   LIMITED.".' ��������� .-  THE STEAMER LYTTON  will leave REVELSTOKE every Monday and Thursday  at 4 A. M. for Robson and Little Dalles, connecting  at Robson with the Columbia & Kootenay R. R.,  and at Little Dalles with the Spokane  & Northern R. R.  fieetnrniii������, will leave LITTLE DALLES every Tuesday  and Friday at 9 A.M., arriving at Robson between  ��������� 3 and 5 P. M.,and remaining from 1,5 to 30  minutes, then proceeding to Revelstoke.  THE STEAMER NELSON  will leave NELSON on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Fridavy,  and Saturdays for AINSWORTH.  On Tuesdays and' Fridays at. (> A. M., and on Wednesdays.  and Saturdays at 1:30 A. M., on which days she  will go through to BONNER'S FERRY.  F. ������. CHRISTIE, Agent.,...  RISYKLSTOKK,  IS. ������'..  To the Merchants of the  of the Kootenay Lake Country, and others whom  it may Concern and Interest:  My stock of sample goods, consisting of the following  lines, is now open for inspection, and I am prepared to receive orders for any amount. Fine clothing of all sorts,  (under-and over-), boots, hats, (over 100 different, including men's, boys', and girls'), towels, ties, braces, blankets,  carpets, mats, needles, thread, cotton, buttons, etc.  Prices will be quoted to merchants f. o. b. at the nearest  wharf, thus saving them all trouble with custom or freight  agents, and so forth. Special inducements for cash payments on large orders. Call and see the stock before  ordering your fall supplies, and I think you will be pleased.  A small stock also on sale to retail customers.  CHARLES WESTLY BUSK,  Balfour, B. C.  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^mM^M^im^w^mm^^mMm^s^^mmmm^^^^  "HI"  "      ���������!���������     ������lg i^>  ^v^tn-  Tl ���������-��������� ���������������.-  11   ������*  r t *- nfnimww  jHSHBfl  10  THE  MltfEE:    IfELSON,   B.   0.,   SATIJEDAY,  AUaUST  15,   1891.  G   MOTSCEI  This is to notify all persons that I am the owner of an  undivided ^ interest in the mineral claim known as the I  XL, and situate on Sheep creek, Trail Creek mining division of West Kootenay district, British Columbia, and recorded in name of Thomas Heady, on May 13; 1891, before  E. S. Topping, recorder at Trail Creek.  C.'.E. SANDBERG.  LAND   NOTICES.  Notice is hereby, given that 60 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase a tract of land described as follows :  Beginning at. a post marked southwest corner post, situate at the northwest corner post ot Johns and Anderson's  preemption, about 1 mile north of Goat river and about 1  mile east of Kootenay river; thence east 60 chains; thence  north 60 chains ; thence west 60 chains; thence 60 chains  south to place of beginning; containing 320 acres, more or  less. J. W.DOW,    .  Ainsworth, July 20fch, 1891. J. H, WRIGHT.  Notice is  hereby given that sixty (60) days after date  [intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and.  works for permission to purchase a tract of land described  as follows : p  Beginniug at a post mared N. W". corner post placed on  the south shore of Trout lake about 20 chains west of the  outlet of said lake, thence south i0 chains, thence east 40  chains, thence north to the Lardeaux river, thence west,  following the meanderings of the shores of the Lardeaux  river and Trout lake to the place of beginning, containing  160 acres more or less. ROBERT F. GREEN.  Ainsworth, 10th June, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date, we intend to apply to the chief commissioner of land and works  for permission to purchase the following described tract of  land, situate in West Kootenay district: A ���������".  Commencing at a post on slough bank west of the mouth  of Duck creek, and about eight miles from the south end  of Kootenay lake; thence running north 40 chains; thence  east 80 chains; thence south'40 chains; thence westerly following the shore of the slough to the commencement post;  containing 320 acres, more or less.  Balfour, B,C, June 27th, 1891.  ���������T. G. PROCTER,  F. H. FLINT,      c;  pryce Mcdonald,  r. s. gallop.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for permission to buy a tract of land described as follows:  Beginning at a post marked northeast corner, post placed  on the west side of the Kootenay lake at the mouth of the  Lardeaux river; thence west 20 chains; thence south 40  chains; thence east 20 chains, to the shore of the lake;  thence folio wing the meanderings of the lake shore to the  place of beginning; containing 80 acres, more or less.  Ainsworth, July loth, 1891. "        R.F.GREEN.  TIMBER   LEASES.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to lease the following" described tract of land  for lumbering purposes: Commencing at a post on the  south bank of cGoat river, on the Kootenay Valley Lands  Company's survey marked section 25; thence south 20  chains; thence west 120 chains, more or less, to meadow  lands; thence north 30 chains; thence west 20 chains; thence  north 30 chains; thence east 40 chains; thence north 20  chains, more or less, to the section line of 35 and 2 of the  Kootenay Valley Land Company's survey: thence east  along the foot of high banks and boundary of Asaid company's lands 120 chains, more or less, to a point due north  of initial post; thence south 20 chains to said post at place  of commencement. DAVIES-SAYWARD CO.  Pilot Bay, July 1st, 1891. per J. C. H.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date, we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of kinds and works for  permission to lease the following described tract of land  on Goat river : Commencing at a post near trail, north  'side; thence east 80 chains; thence south 10 or 20 chains to  foot of burnt ridge; thence east 3 miles or 224 chains, more  or less, to foot of mountain; thence north 2 miles or 160  chains to foot of mountain; thence west and south 4 miles  or 320 chains, more or less; thence south 2 miles, more or  less, to place of commencement.  DAVIES-SAYWARD SAWMILL  COMPANY.  Pilot Bay, B.. C, July 1, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to. apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease tlie following tract of land for timber purposes on  Goat river: Commencing at a post on the edge of the  meadow on the south side of H. Anderson's claim, at or.  near his southwest corner, thence east 70 chains or 80  chains, thence south 110 chains more or less to the Meadow  Valley Land Company's survey, thence west and north  along the boundary of said survey and boundary to place  of commencement; containing 500 acres more or less.  JOSHUA DA VIES,  W. P.. SAY WARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B.C.. June 20th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days afterdate we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease the following tract of land for timber purposes on  Duck creek: Commencing 20 chains north of a post on the  Meadow Valley Land Company s survey marked sections  34 and 3, thence east 20 chains, thence north 50 or 40 chains,  thence west 30 chains, thence south 10 chains, thence west  30 chains, thence south 30 chains, thence east 20 chains,  thence south 10 chains, thence east 20 chains to place of  commencement.; containing 240 acres, more or less, according to survey. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C... June 17th, 1891.'  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works to  lease the following tract of land for timber purposes on  Duck creek: Commencing at'a post and tree on the trail on  the south side, about 2 miles from its mouth, thence east 30  chains, thence north 60 chains/thence east 10 chains, thence  north 60 chains, thence west 50 chains or 60 chains, more or  less, across the creek to foot of the .mountains, thence south  along creek and mountains 320 chains,, thence east 10  chains more or less to place of commencement; containing 560 acres more or less according to survey.  JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAYWARD.  Pilot Bay, Kootenay Lake, B.C., July 11th, 1891.  Notice, is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands .and'works for.  permission to lease the following described tract of land  on Goat river: Commencing at a post on south side of  Goat river near old trail; thence north and south 30 chains,  covering the river; thence east 80 chains; thence north 30  chains; "thence west 80 chains: thence south 30 to place of  commencement. J. P. DAVIES, SAYWARD & CO.  .'. Pilot Bay, B. C, July 30, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date we intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and  works to  lease the following tract of land for timber purposes on.  Goat river: Commencing at a post! mile ..south from Goat  river on east boundary of Meadow Valley Land Company's  survey post marked  sections 24 and 25,  thence  south 20  chains, thence east 60 chains, thence north 20 chains, thence  east 80 chains, thence north 80 chains, thence "west 20 chains,  thence north 80 chains or 90 chains, thence west 10 chains or  15 chains, thence north 30 chains, thence west 20 chains or  30 .-chain's, thence south 20 chains, thence west 50 chains,  thence south 80 chains, thence east 10 chains, thence south  20 chains, thence west 40 chains more or less to a post on  the south bank of Goat river marked section 25, thence  south along said section line 74 65-100 chains to place of  commencement; containing about 2000 acres more or less  according to survey. "JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAYWARD.  Pilot/Bay, Kootenay Lake, B. C, June 25th, 1891.  APPLICATIONS   FOR  CROWN   GRANTS.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days from the date  of this notice we intend to purchase the mineral claim  "Gladstone" from the province of British Columbia, under  the provisions of section 35 of the "Mineral Act, 1891."  Said mineral claim is situate in Hot Springs mining divi.s-,.,  ion of West Kootenay district, and contains 19.8 acres,  more or less, as per surveyor's plat placed on No. 2 post of  said claim. JOHN HOUSTON, certificate-No. 39502.  CHARLES H. INK, certificate No. 40044.  Nelson, B. C, July 18th, 1891.  ,  Notice is0 hereby given that sixty (60) days from the date  of this notice we intend to purchase the mineral claim  "Garfield" from the province of British Columbia, under  the provisions of section 35 of the "Mineral Act, 1891."  Said-mineral claim.is situate in Hot Springs mining division of West Kootenay district, and contains 10.5 acres more  or less, as per survcj'or's plat placed on No. 2 -post .of- said  claim. JOHN HOUSTON, certificate No. 39502.  CHARLES H. INK, certificate No. 40044.  Nelson, B. C. July 18th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days from the date  of this notice we intend to purchase the mineral claim  "Cultus Potlach" from tlie province of British Columbia,  under the provisions of section 35 of the "Mineral Act,  1891." Said mineral claim is situate in Hot Springs mining  division of VVest Kootenay district, and contains 11.66  acres, more or less, as per surveyors plat placed on No. 2  post of said claim.  JOHN PIOUSTON; certificate No. 39502.  CHARLES H. INK, certificate No. 40044.  Nelson. B. C. July 18th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days from the date  of this notice we intend to purchase the mineral claim  "Telephone" from the province of British Columbia, under  the provisions of section 35 of the "Mineral Act, 1891."  Said mineral claim is situate in Hot Springs mining division of West Kootenay district, and contains 16.8 acres,  more or less, as per surveyor's plat placed on No. 2 post of  said claim. JOHN HOUSTON, certificate No. 39502.  CHARLES H. INK, certificate No. 40044.  Nelson, B. C, July 18th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that A. H. Kelly, as owner, has  filed the necessary papers .and made application for a crown  grant in favor of a mineral claim known as the Royal  Charter, situate on Toad mountain, west arm of Kootenay  lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to.file their objections with me within sixty days from date of publication. N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, 1st August, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that John R. Cook as part owner,  and agent, for others, has filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of the mineral  claim known as the "New Market," situated on Toad  mountain, west arm of Kootenay lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, are required to file their objections with me within sixtv (60) days from date of publication. N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, 20th June, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that John R. Cook as part owner,  and agent for others, has filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of a mineral  claim known as the "Forest," situated on Toad mountain,  west arm of Kootena3r lake.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to me within sixty (60) days from date of publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, 20th June, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that James Fox, Aaron H. Kelly,  and John R. Cook have filed the necessary papers, and  made application for a crown grant in favor of a mineral  claim known as the "Dandy," situated in Toad mountain  subdivision of West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to me within sixty (60) days from date of publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, June 20th, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that Joseph Edward Boss by his  agent, John Robertson, has filed the necessary papers and  made application for a crown grant in favor of a mineral  claim known as the "Iroquois," situated on Toad Mountain,west ami of Kootenay lake. ,  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  within sixty (60) days from date of publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, 20th June, 1891.  Notice is hereby given that M. D. Mahoney has filed the  necessary papers and inadc������application for a crown grant  in favor of a mineral claim known as "The Democrat,"  situated'on Toad Mountain, west arm of Kootenay lake. . .������������������  .'Adverse .claimants, if any, will forward their objections  to me within sixty (60) days from date of publication.  , N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner:  Nelson, B.C, 20th of June, 1891.  DISSOLUTION   OF   PARTNERSHIP.  Notice is hereby given that the partnership heretofore  existing between us, the undersigned, as hotel keepers in  the town of Balfour, British Columbia, has been this day  dissolved by mutual consent. All debts owing to the said  partnership are to be paid to Richard S. Gallop at Balfour,  and all claims against the said partnership are to be presented to the said Richard S. Gallop, by whom the same  will be settled. - . '  Dated at Ainsworth this 30th day of July, A. D. 1891.  ;Witness: RICHARD S. GALLOP.  John L. Retallack. F.W.FLINT.  DISSOLUTION   OF   COPARTNERSHIP.  The copartnership heretofore existing between the undersigned, under the firm name of Malone & Clark, doing business as proprietors of tlie Tremont hotel, is thisday dissolved  by mutual consent, James Clark retiring from the firm.  All debts due the firm are payable to John Malone, who  will also pay all claims against the firm.    ������  -JOHN MALONE,  NelsonAB. ,C, July 21st, 1891. JAMES CLARK.  NOTic'E.'''. ..���������������������������-,  All persons desirous of visiting the Whitewater mine or  .mill will first obtain written permission from the undersigned, without which no admittance is given.  M.S. DAVYS, manager.  APPLICATION   FOR   HOTELS LICENSE/  Notice is hereby given, that I intend to apply to the  licensing board of West Kootenay district for a license to  keep a hotel on Toad mountain.  -       THOMAS  B. LEWIS.  Nelson, B.C. August 7th,-1891.  'TIIK -< ICIi$SIAX.;.ItiWS..  ������������������'Goldwiir Smith, in the current number of the  North ''American, points out what is not generally known that neither in Russia, Roumania,  Germany, or Greece is the persecution of the  Jews based upon differences of religious belief.  The. Greek. Catholic church is absolutely tolerant  to all religions and persecution is limited to the  war;of sects within the church- itself. The quarrel of the Russian peasant with the Jew is economic, social, and national. The Russian Jew is  rarely an ���������agriculturist if he can help it.; he is a  trader, a, usurer, in the towns; he is thrifty and  crafty; he keeps the drinking shops; he is the  universal broker and middleman, and often a  government contractor;''he is sober, laborious,  while the Russian peasant is ignorant, stupid,  intemperate, who hates the Jew as a member of  an exclusive, clannish race, for the Russian Jew  is not the liberal, agnostic or theistic Jew we  find in America, but' the strict, orthodox Talniu-  dic Jew, and Russia .drives out the Jew, as her  press bluntly admits, because he beats the peasant so completely in business.capacity that there  is no choice but the expulsion of the Jew or the  impoverishment of the Russian. The real truth  probably is that envy and jealousy of the superior intellectual acuteness of the Jew and of his  worldly success, and the peasant love of plunder  lies at the bottom of the anti-Jew moboutrageS;  Probably the feeling which prompts these acts  of mob violence is nearly related to that which  prompted the Chinese massacre at Rock Springs.  The Chinese, like the Russian Jew, maintains an  exclusive nationality in dress, diet, manners, and  customs, and suffers not a little persecution because of the feeling that he is an intruder, who.  for the sole purpose of gain, has inserted himself  into our civilization. If the Chinaman, on landing on this coast, had cut. off his queue, adopted  the American dress and diet, and become_ a  cheerful, smiling, optimistic agnostic, or skeptic,  like the Japanese, it is not likely that he would  have excited so much bitterness as he does today.  The average American reader probably does  not know that according to the faith of the  ignorant Russian peasant, the taking of interest  of any amount or rate is a sin; this was the  teaching of the early Christian church for centuries, and it still survives among the superstitions inherited by the Russian Greek iCatholics.  MaKJaWJfi^^-ajwaMuiiti.'J'*^^^'^"���������"1 "���������*"'  J-- luMU������we^l>wnK^M������^^$������i^t^^^4������������  THE   MI������EE:     NELSON,   B.   G..; SAT FED AY,   AUGUST  15,   1891.  II  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCiSSSG.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled  on commission.    Conveyancing documents drawnnp.  Correspondence solicited. , ��������� . a  Office:   No, 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  Henry Anixerson,  Notary Public.  John L. Retallack.  son & Retallack,  Real Estate and Mining Broilers, ,  Gonvejancers, Etc.        ;, ,  Crown Grants  obtained  Tor Mineral Claims.  Agents  for Absentee  Claim  Owners.  Collections  Made.  Correspondence Solicited. A  Office in Town si to office, Sutton street, Ainsworth, B. C.  roKers,  Corner .Baker and Stanley Streets,  -       SBiLSON,   15.. C.  FOR NON-RESIDENTS A .SPECIALTY.  'RESTS    COJLLECTBSI*  INCESTS    iMJbltEVTEl*-  amber, xhynne? and fiensLiaw  Real Estate, Mining Brokers,  AND  Insurance Agents.  Water Street, | ,  West Baker Street,  VANCOUVER,  i NELSON.  John Houston.  Charles H. Ink.  Houston & Ink,  BUY AND SELL  Town Lots and  Mineral   Claims,  OiV 'COMMISSION.  Have now for sale 2 of the best hotels in Nelson ; choice  Baker street corner and Vernon street inside lots; lots in  Ainsworth; and mineral claims in Toad Mountain district.  Oflicc in  Miner  Building,  Baker Street.  Landscape Photographers,  WEST BAKER STREET, NELSON.  Views of Nelson and all  the most interesting scenery in  British Columbia.  Dealers   in   Steel   Engravings,   Etchings,   Photogravures, Archotypes, etc.  Picture Mats and all kinds of Framing* done to order.  MI'IOKER    STANLEY'S    PARENTA'tiE.  The Pittsburg Dispatch publishes a 2-coluinn  interview with the step-father of Henry M. Stanley. If the records in the well-worrr Welsh Bible  are authentic, the story throws light on the early  history  and  origin  of  the explorer.     Watkin  James- is the step-father.    He is a Welshman,  63 years old, living in Homestead with his fourth  wife.    Mr.   James  came  to   America  with  his  family in 1879.    When  asked   why he did  not  write to mr. Stanley to tell him who he was, he  replied that Stanley was a great man; he was  afraid   to   bother   him.    "Mr. Stanley's correct  name," said   mr. James, "is  Plenry  Rowlands.  His mother was Eleanor Jones; his father was  Jacob 'Rowlands.    Both were born in Port Rees,  near     Newcastle     Emlyn,    Caermarthenshire,  Wales.    Henry was born in the same town, and  is now  between 49 and 50 years old.    Stanley's  father Was a bookbinder by trade, and a very  clever one, but a good-for-nothing man.    When  Stanley came to know all about him he had little respect for him.    Stanley's  mother, whom I  afterward   married; was an intensely religious  woman.    Jacob Rowlands was not a good hits-.-  band, and when Hen ry was a bout 4 years old  his parents separated.    The father took the boy  and the -mother the girl to raise.    Shortly after  this   Rowlands  sold   Henry  to   a   sea  captain.  Preacher  Davis of  Cardigan   was a witness; to  the papers   binding  the future explorer to the  skipper." -    '   ��������� ���������   -A . -. - A' ��������� ������������������-. -  -"  A New  Mineral flHseovercd in Texas.  The new mineral which has been recently discovered in Texas   is causing a considerable degree of interest to be manifested^ throughout the  state.    An investigation of it is being made, and,  great results  are  expected.    It  is   a  substance  which resembles asphalt, and is said to be unaffected by  water, heat, acid, -or- alkalies,   and it:  is claimed to be the most perfect insulator yet  discovered.    Numerous tests  have been   made.  The action of salt water and heat, it is said, has  no effect oh if.   Professor Hamilton, the electrician of the Western Electric Company, certifies  that under the tests executed  in  the most exhaustive manner, wire prepared with a covering  !.-��������� of the .materia! showed a resistance of over 7000  ohms per mile.    This is said to be seven-fold the  resistance offered  by any other wire.    There is  said to be practically no limit.in the state to the  supply of this strange mineral,-which is found  in veins ranging in depth from 2 to 40 feet.   The  world of science and  mechanical   industry will  await with interest further investigation, which  is needed to prove, the  utility of  the new  discovery beyond perad venture.  Preliminary Blearing in  tlie  Penrose Murder Case.  The prosecution  in the Penrose murder case  at  Butte,  Montana,  opened  in   earnest  on   the  12th.    Dan O'Donnell was put on the stand and  told of meeting the murdered   man 5 minutes  before the shooting.    He was but half a block  away  when   the shot was fired, and turned in  time to meet 3 men running down the street toward him.    He   heard them   throw-  something  into a. yard, which  was afterward found  to  he  the   billy   with   which the   murdered  uian   had  been   struck.    Two   were  running on   the sidewalk and one. of them ordered him away at the  muzzle of a revolver.    The men   were masked,  but the one who spoke had a peculiar voice, and  by that he afterward   identified Hickey, one of  the accused.    The one running in the middle of  the street had his mask in his hand and was also  identified by witness as being Kelly, another of  the accused.    Jacob Oliver followed this by telling of repeated threats made by Hickey against  the murdered man.    This evidence created a. decided sensation, and should  the prosecution   be  able to substantiate it, the case will be dark for  the.accused.     Wiiy an   Indian Toes  In.  Postmaster Shaw of Spokane Falls gives a  Review reporter, the- following as the cause of  Indians toeing in when walking: "It i������ due to  their wearing moccasins, which imperfectly  protect their feet from the rocks and roots and  snags over which they have been .'treading for  countless generations. You put on a pair of  moccasins and walk over a. rock pile and see how  quickly your toes will turn in. The instant  something hurts your foot 3^011 instinctively  turn your heels out and toes in. It's the contraction of the muscles that does the work."  George C. HxjW'**  J. Dover  Josephine Street,  Nelson, B.C.  Manufacturing Jewelers  for the Trade.  DEALERS I  ������<  DIAMONDS  JEWELRY  ������.  AND  ALL  F3NE  WATCHES  %  'Carefully-   Kepaired   and   Satisfaction   Ciuarantecrt,.  and  All Orders by Mail Promptly Attended  to-  No. 1 Houston & Ink Building, Josephine Street  Branch Store at Donald, B. 0.  I'ostoflice  Store,.  Nelson,   BS. ������;.  AND GENTS' PUBLISHING- GOODS.  ALSO, FULL LINES OF  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  GrEO. E. B, ELLIS, P. 0. S..  MINING   ENGINEER   AND   CHEMIST,  Author of "Practical Organic Analysis," the "Iron Ores of  the World," etc.; expert in the "Bluebird  Mining Suit" (Butte City);  NKLSOJV, 85. c.  Will examine and report on, or superintend the development of, mining properties in West Kootenay; advises on the treatment of ores, and furnishes specihVations of mining, milling, and smelting plants.  ASSAY   *!BBAI5<Ufi������S :    Gold,   silver,   or   lead,   $1.50   each.  Gold and silver, or lead and silver. $2.    Copper, ������2.50.  .Silver and copper, #3.   Gold, silver, and lead, $3.   Gold,  . silver, and copper,' $4; and so on.  .m      B80-B a   m  m *h Tap  (Late Assay cr for the Anaconda Company,  Butte,  Montana.)  ASSAYER and CHEMIST,  'AINSWOKTII,   B. ���������.  Assay Charges.���������-Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each. Gold  and silver or lead and silver, ������2. Copper, $2.50. Silver and  copper, $3. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gold, silver, and  copper, ������3.50.  l?#i������fes^^  ttT7r&'":X7&">': %"\5!^ ? 12  THE  MINEE:    NELSON,  B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  AUGUST 15,  1891,  &���������  -rocer  jior  (rents' Furnishings and Sporting G-oods.  AGENT  FOR  GURNEY &  CO.'S  STOVES AND  HIRAM   WALKER & SONS' WHISKIES.  Corner Vernon and Josephine Streets,  Main Street, Eevelstoke. B. C.  A   FABUI,������������JSI,Y.   UJLCM   MINE.  About 2 weeks ago John Wallace passed  through Nelson, on his way-to Montana, as he  said.* He had been prospecting in the Trout  Lake, Lardeaux, and Slocan Lake sections of  West Kootenay district, starting from the west  arm of Upper Arrow lake and coming out by  way of Slocan river. In talking to acquaintances, he claimed that the country through  which he had prospected was not a good mineral  country and that he would try Montana for  awhile. The following from the Seattle Press-  Times of the 8th goes to show that mr. Wallace  was playing "wild hog" on the boys. It is reprinted for what, it is worth:  Mr. Wallace, a miner just in from the Kootenay country, has bronght to town some of the  most remarkable specimens ever seen.  If future  developments substantiate the present outlook,  mr. Wallace will  be a mighty rich man.    Mr.  Wallace has been prospecting* in many parts of  the world, and  brought   up in   Kootenay.    He  was out prospecting one day and came across  some   miners  uncovering a ledge.     The   men  were looking simply for lead and galena,  and  were not aware that they were throwing away  tons of almost pure silver.    After an examination of their dump   mr. Wallace  became convinced of the great wealth of the mine.    Free  silver was visible in   large quantities,  but  the  men   had  not observed it.    Profiting by their  ignorance, mr. Wallace went carefully to work  and obtained a bond on the property.    The vein  had  been opened for about 15 feet, and some  samples which he brought to this city and had  assayed go from $7000 to $10,000 a ton.    The ore  is almost pure silver, and mr. Wallace declares  it  is scattered all over the district,  which  is  known as the Ainsworth.    He is now in Seattle,  where he has arranged for a company to develop  his  valuable property.     Mr. Wallace  was unwilling to disclose the names of the gentlemen  interested at present, but they are believed to  be all  Seattle gentlemen.    Some of the ore is  lying in Ben Basye's store on Front street."  Or, perhaps, the veteran prospector mentioned  above is not John Wallace, the veteran prospector, but the mr. Wallace who recently secured a  bond on the Neosho, one of the best known and  best advertised properties in Hot Springsdistrict.  Telegraphic Communication ������2s&aMislic<I.  On Wednesday another enterprise was completed that will help to develop the Kootenay  Lake country. At 10:20 on that day the first  message was sent from Nelson over the telegraph lines of the Canadian Pacific railway,  which are now connected with those of tlie  Spokane & Northern railway, its lines connecting at Spokane with those of the Western  Union. As soon as the telephone line is in operation, messages can be sent from Ainsworth, Balfour, and the mines in Hot Springs and Toad  Mountain districts, as satisfactory arrangements  have already been made.    The rates from Nelson  to British Columbia points are high, because of  the fact that the lines of 5 different companies  are used in transmitting the messages. The  following are the rates for 10-word messages to  points in the United States and Canada: Spokane Falls and points north along Spokane &  Northern to Meyer's Falls, 65 cents; Marcus and  Little Dalles, 50 cents; Robson 25 cents; Victoria, Nanaimo, Vancouver, Westminster, and  points east to Savona, $1.75; points between  Savona and Golden, $2; all points in Oregon,  $1.15; Seattle, Tacoma, and Olympia, $1.15; all  points in Montana, $1:25; all points in Idaho,  $1.15; all points in Minnesota, Illinois, Kansas,  Iowa, Arizona, Dakota, Missouri, Nebraska,  New Mexico, Wisconsin, Wyoming, and Colorado, $1.40; all points in California and Nevada,  $1.25; Winnipeg, Brandon, and Portage la  Prairie, Manitoba, $1.40; all points east of  Chicago, and including Ontario, Quebec, Nova  Scotia, and New Brunswick, $1.65.  '".'.��������� A'S.JJIALI, vffIJ������������ETS   ������F   NEWS.  J. C. Gobaugh was at Alberni, Vancouver-  Island, on the 6th instant. He writes The  Miner, on that 0date, that there was a report of  the discovery in that neighborhood of a rich  cinnabar ledge, and that he was endeavoring to  get to the ground ahead of another party. He  ���������will-re turn to Nelson as soon as he gets through.  The crops in the valley of the Kootenay, south  of the boundary line, are reported looking well.  There are no crops in the valley north of the  boundary line, except a crop of surveyor's stakes,  planted at the expense of Baiilie-Grohman's reclamation company.  Nelson has good workmen in all the trades,  and none better than "Bob" Strathern, the  jeweler at Hunt & Dover's. Mr. Strathern can  make anything in his line and make it well. His  latest was aMaltese cross medal for the celebration committee, for presentation to C. S. F.  Hamber, the amateur who won several prizes in  the athletic exercises on Dominion day.  It is reported that "Jack" Thompson and  "Bill" Hennessy, well-known residents of Ainsworth, have gone back on the pursuits which  they have followed for years. "Jack" has dropped the trade of mining for the profession of  surgery, and "Bill" the vocation of prospecting  for the science of wet-nursing.  The steamer Nelson makes the round-trip run  between Nelson and Ainsworth in 5������ hours, and  the run between Nelson and Bonner's Ferry, via  Ainsworth, in 13 hours.  The new steamer Columbia will make atrial  trip on Monday, and if everything works well  will make her first regular trip on Thursday.  She will probably run through from Little  Dalles to Revelstoke twice a week, being built  oti purpose to carry bonded freight. If a success,  the Spokane people will have the benefit of low  freight rates from the east, something they  could not get from the Northern and Union  Pacifies.  A. Carney and Albert Barrett have opened a  feed store and a meat market on West Baker  street. Mr. Carney is from Calgary, mr. Barrett being an old-timer in Nelson. They brought  in their cattle and sheep from Alberta,    Nelson  people now have the choicest of meats from the  ranges of this province and those of the adjoining territory on the east of the Rockies.  The steamer Nelson broke a piston-rod when  backing out from the Balfour wharf this morning. She run up to Ainsworth, however^ and  then returned to Nelson, instead of going on to  Bonner's Ferry. It will require a. week to get a  new rod from Victoria.  Dr. C, E. A. Brown of New Westminister will  be at the Nelson house on Friday, August  ,22nd, and will remain a few days. All desiring  dental work will please make early appointments. All work warranted, and by most approved methods.  .%'elson to Have a  Public Scltooi.  S. I). Pope, superintendent of education, under  date of the 7th instant, wrote to J. M.������������������'Kellie,,'  the member* for West Kootenay, that, the government would provide for the payment of the  teache?*'s salary and make a grant of $40 for incidental expenses-for a public school at Nelson,  provided the parents of the children met all  other* expenses. Accordingly a meeting was  held on Wednesday evening for* the purpose of  taking action in the matter and electing trustees  to serve temporarily. Dr. Arthur, mr. Robson,  and G. O. Buchanan were elected the trustees,  the former being authorized to communicate  with the department of education.  Kootenay Safe DepositaGo.  ISTEIX-.SOJSr, 33--ex  Transacts a private banking business;  Allows interest at best -rates on amounts of $1 upwards ;  Receives articles for safe keeping.  fiESfEKAl A������JE#CY .  London & Lancashire Life Insurance Company,  A���������������E1������CIES Sir Bonald A. Smith, chairman.  Accident Insurance Company of North America,  $15 a week, $3000 on death, for 25 cents a day;  The celebrated Taylor safes.  C������RKBSP������Nn>EffTS  Vancouver���������The Bank of British North America;  Spokane Falls���������The Bank of Spokane Falls.  CIIAS. E. TA������Mm, Manager.  LAMP   NOTICES.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days afterdate I in-  tend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to purchase the following described tract of  land situated in West Kootenay district: Commencing at  a post marked N. E. corner post, placed on the wesfc shore  of the Lardeaux river near its mouth, thence west 40  chains, thence south 40 chains, thence east to the west  shore of Kootenay lake, thence north following the shores  of Kootenay lake and Lardeaux river to point of commencement; containing 160 acres, more or less.  Ainsworth, August 3rd, 1891. S. H. GREEN.  Notice is hereby given, that sixty days after date J intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase 320 acres of land, situate in West  Kootenay district and described as follows: Commencing  at a stake marked H. S. N. W., at southwest corner Lot 207,  on the east shore of Kootenay lake, thence east 20 chains,  thence north 40 chains, thence east 20 chains, thence south  30 chains, thence west 40 chains more or less to the shore of  the lake, thence following the shore of the Jake in a northerly direction to the point of commencement.  Nelson, August 6th, 189L HAROLD SELOUS.  m  m  &  8  S^sm^sissmsmmmmmiimamimar'

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