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The Miner Dec 16, 1893

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 ,;n-J-rfi,w������..fw7.  r:ttn?itHiii^VrVffS^ti*ft  ;gg������p������CT*^^  >  Tlie Mines in  K   otenay are Aihoiij  tlie Itichcst  in  America.  J*  TheOres  are  I������yl:-Gr:isle  in JJo  Id,  Silver,  V  >pper,  mi I   fA  nil.  amtim*eM0*<xaiWLEK.v.HKt<������iau: WA-r^mTfnctf^-rr  W HOLE   N UMBER rh������4  TgEMBTOTwraprpgas^CTirn^^  i^.k������MM*Ji������**wMiarw^  Nelson,   British  Columbia,  Saturday,   December  16,   1S93.  Subscription  Price $2  per Year.  Ready Cask is ike .  r>  ntroductton  To Present to  Should7 you wish to  any  0  m  vns  Ms Big Stock of Groceries,  Lignors,:   Hardware:, and  Miners ��������� supplies cifford.  , ������&Sl  ���������a.  , Carry Complete Stocks of all lines of  General Merchandise, except Hardware.  Liquors  and   Cigars  handled  to the  Trade only.  Agents for ��������� Anheuser-Bush (St. Louis)  Beer, the best Made in America.  K f  NELSON  OF  atcHes,  OCJ  StLJH  UVeria/'arej  of  arerooijns  GM'SUTTHIBSM  DEFENDS HIS  ACTIONS ALL  ALONG  THE LINE       ;  And KvidciUly Ivxpcpt.st.'ongre.Ss to do (lie  Same���������The Hawaiian Wrongs .liiist be set  Kiglit at once���������Tariff It c for in tlie Leading  Question of All.  Grover Cleveland, president of the  United States, has sent in his message  to congress. ,Tlie documentis a lengthy  affair, occupying over 'nine.columns of  close print. Shorn of its introduction,  padding and minor points, it is in substance about as follows:   ���������.:;".;,  The Kevolt in Brazil.  ;.; "The struggle being between the established government which controls  the machinery of the ad minis tartion and  with which we maintain friendly relations, and. certain officers of the navy '  employing their command in ah attack  on the national capital and chief seaport  and lacking, as it does, the elements of  a divided administration, I have failed  to see that the insurgents'.'can' reason-  ably claim recognition an  belligerents."  The Chilean A Hair.  ,-The vexatious'question of a so called  legation asylum for offenders against  the state and its laws was presented  anew in Chile by the-^ unauthorized  action of the late United States minister in receiving at his official residence  two persons who had failed in an. attempt at revolution, anqVagainst whom  criminal charges were pending growing  out of a former abortive disturbance.  The doctrine of asylum as applied to this  case is not santioned by the best  precidents. ,  eiiine.se Exclusion.  A test 5f the constitutionality., of th'-*  of the Geary law.resulted in the sustaining of the law  by   the   supreme   court.  It is believed that under the recent,  amendment of the act, extending the  time for registration, the Chinese laborers thereto entiled who desire to reside  in this country will now avail themselves  of the renewed privilege thus afforded by  establishing by lawful procedure their  right to remain, and that thereby the  necessity of enforced deportation may to  a great degree be avoided.  GREAT BRITAIN   AND  CANADA.  The questions affecting our relations  with Great Britain have been treated in  a spirit of.friendliness. Negotiations are  in progress between the two governments with a view to such concurrent  action as will make the award and regulations agreed upon by the Bering sea  tribunal of arbitration practically effective, and it is not. doubted that Great  Britain will co-operate freely with this  country for the accomplishment of t hat  purpose.  The dispute growing out of the discriminating tolls imposed in the Wel-  Jand canal up.m cargoes of cereals bound  to and from the Lake ports of the United States was adjusted by the substitution of a more equitable schedule of  charges, and my predecessor thereupon  suspended his proclamation imposing a  discriminating toll upon British transit  through our canal. Request for additions to the list of extraditable offenses  covered by the existing treaty between  the two countries is under consideration.  in suggested, which will be promptly  submitted for legislative action. It is  the result of ��������� much patriotic and unselfish work, and  f,believe it deals with its  ings, was $1,718,51-1,GS2. an increase for  the year of $112,-10.-1045. Estimating our  .population at 07,120,000 at the time mentioned, the per capita circulation was  $25,49.  The recent repeal of the pro vision of  law requiring the purchase of silver bul  lion by the government, as a.feature  our monetary scheme, will make  change in the complexion of our currency affairs. . I do. not doubl^ that the .future, though perhaps not immediately  ut.mate result of this act wi be most j produce sufficient revenue to meet the"  salutary and far reaching. In the.nature ���������eeds;of the government  of things, however; ft, is impossible to j The committee, after careful consider-  knowat this time precisely what conch-j ation. aud t0 provide against a temporary deficiency,5 which may exist- before  the business of the country adjusts itself  to the new tariff schedules,- have wisely  embraced in their plan a few -.'additional  subject as consistently and  thoroughly  ( as existing conditions'permit.  I     I am satisfied that   the  reduced   tariff  ������l'j duties provided for in the proposed legis-  {l I lation,   added   to  the  existing   internal  revenue taxation, will  within   the near  tions   will   be  change, or what, if  'egislation may  brought  intuit   by    the  uiy, supplementary  n the light of such con  ditions, appeaivto be essential or expedient. Of course, after theiecent financial  perturbation, time is necessary-for the  re-establishment of-business confidence.  When, however, through this restored  confidence the', money which has been  frightened into hiding-places is returned  to trade and enterprise, a survey of the  situation will probably disclose a safe  path leading to permanently .sound currency, abundantly sufficient to meet  every requirement of our increasing  population and business. In the pursuit  of this object we should, resolutely turn  away from alluring and temporary expedients, determined to be content with  nothing less than a lasting and comprehensive financial plan. In these.circumstances I am convincedthat a reasonable  delay in dealing with this subject, instead of being injurious, will increase  'the probability of wise: action.  FOR TARIFF REFORM.  After a hard struggle tariff reform is  directly before us. Nothing so important claims..our attention, and nothing  so clearly presents itself as both  an opportunity and a duty, an opportunity to  .deserve.'.the gratitude of our fellow citizens, a duty imposed, upon us by our oft-  repeated professions and by the emphatic  mandate  of the   people.    After full  discussion our countrymen have spoken  in  favor of this1 reform, and they  have  confided the work of its accomplishment  to the hands of those who; are  solemnly  pledged  to it.    If there -is anything in  the theory of a representation in public  places of the people and their desires ; if  political  officers are really the servants  of the  people, and if-political   promises  and professions have any  binding force,  our   failure   to  give  the  relief so  long  awaited will be sheer recreancy.    Nothing should intervene to distract our  attention   or disturb our effort   until^this  reform is accomplished by wise and careful legislation.  While we should staunchly adhere to the principle that only the  necessity of revenue justifies the imposition  of tariff duties and ���������other- Federal  taxation, and that they should be limited   by strict economy, we cannot close  our eyes to the fact that conditions have  grown up among us which in justice and  fairness  call for  discriminating care  in  the distribution of such duties and taxation  as  the emergencies of our government actually demand.  Manifestly, if we are to aid the people  directly through tariff-reform, one of its  most obvious features should be a reduction in present tariff charges upon the  necessaries of life. The benefits of such  a reduction would be palpable and substantially seen and felt by thousands  who would be better fed and clothed and  better sheltered. These gifts should be  the willing benefactions of a government whose highest function is the promotion of the  internal revenue taxes, includingasmall  tax upon incomes derived from cartain  Corporations. These new assessments  are not only absolutely just and easily  borne, but they have the further merit  of being such as can be remitted without  unfavorable business disturbances whenever the necessity of their imposition no  exists.  Ion get  A STRIKE AT AINSWORTH  Something   Unexpected .'hut   Entirely Satisfactory in Tunneling.  News of a new and valuable strike has  been received from Ainsworth. Last  week while, the men were engaged in  running a jointtunnel on the boundary  line between the Black Diamond and the  Little Phill, they suddenly broke into a  strong vein of galena. When enough  had been done to size up the new find  it proved to be 8������ feet of clean galena ore  that will run 80 or 90 ounces in silver  and'about 75 per cent lead.  The Black Diamond is owned by J.  Stevens, chief engineer of the Great  Northern, and the Little Phill is the-  property of Tom McGovern and Capt.  Haywaid. After reporting the find the-  men went on driving for the original  lead which lies about 100 feet further  back.  SLOGAN MINING DEAL.  George  from  A Chicago .Han with   .Honey .Italics a Promising I'lirchasc.  33. W. Ferguson of Chicago is reported  to have purchase:! the surprise claim in  the Slocan for$60,000, and if rumor has it  correct he paid $ 30,000 down  Hughes has secured a contract  Ferguson to haul 150 tons of ore, which  is ready sacked on the Surprise, to Kaslo. He is at present engaged in making  a trail to the mine.  All the leading Slocan properties are  rushing their ore out to Kaslo or Three  Forks. There are fifteen properties  working and the record will surpass any  thing of the kind heretofore, both as regards quantity and value.  'Inspecting the X. at F. S.  George A. Keefer has been commissioned to examine and inspect the Nelson & Fort Sheppard railroad on behalf  of the go ven merit. He will be accompanied by Mr. Corbin junior.  EXTRADITION   TREATIES.  extradition   treaty  with  Norway  pro-  been  exchanged  and  Great Bargain can be had for Cash.  An  has recently  claimed.  The extradition treaty with Russia  signed in March, 1.8S7, and amended and  confirmed by the senate in February  last, was duly proclaimed last .Tune,  HAWAIIAN   'SITUATION.  After a thorough and exhaustive examination, Mr. Blount submitted to me  his report, showing beyond all question  that the constitutional government of  Hawaii had been subverted with the active aid of our representative to that  government and through the intimidation caused by the presence of an armed I !-!i\\\'T1 "",',,l'T^Y' '^'   -    ,i     i  ��������� --��������� --- -i <-i~- 7T���������;f���������j o,���������f������������������   ...i,,-,.i,   ployes, and distress in the homes of out  Even   if   the  often   dis-  WELFARE  OF  THE  PEOPLE.  Not less closely related to our people's  piosperity and well-being is the removal  of restrictions upon the importation of  raw material necessary to our manufacturers,    The world should be open to our  national ingenuity and enterprise, but  this cannot be while Feaeral Legislation  through the aid of a high tariff forbids  American manufacturers as cheap materials as those used by their competitors. It is quite obvious that the enhancement, of t lit* price of ���������our manufactured products resulting from this policy  not only confines the market for these  products within our own borders, fo the  direct disadvantage of our manufacturers, but also increases their cost to our  citizens.  The interests of labor are certainly  though indirectly involved in the feature of our tariff system. The sharp  competition and active struggle among  our manufacturers to supply the limited  demand for then- goods soon fill the narrow market to which they are confined, j  Then follows a suspension of working \  mills  and factories, a discharge of  tin-:  Tlie. First Train Service.  It has been decided to run two trains  a week from each end during the winter .  The trains will leave; the Nelson termiu-  us on Wednesday and Saturday mornings at seven o'clock, arriving in Spokane same evenings at 5 o'clock. The  incoming  trains will  leave  Spokane on  Tuesday and  in   Nelson   a  Nelson will make connection  Friday mornings, arriving  in   Nelson   at   7 o'clock.    The   steamer  for Kaslo.  The  Provincial Legislature.  ft. is expected thnt the provincial legislature will get down to business early in  the month of January.  PARAGRAPHS.  G.  t. O W11  13.  Wright  this week.  of Ainsworth   was  in  naval force of the United States, which  was landed for- that purpose at the instance of our minister. Upon the facts  developed it seemed to me that the only  honorable course for our government to  pursue was to undo the wrqi g that had  been done by those representing us and  to restore as far as practicable the status  existing at the time of our for.-ible intervention.  workingmen.  proved assertion could lie made good  that a lower rate of wages would result  from free raw material and low tariff  duties, the intelligence of our working-  men leads them quickly to discover that  their steady employment, if permitted  by  BAKER   STREET,  1STELSOIST.   B. C.  BUSINESS   AND  FINANCL.  j FREE   AiATKIUALS,    j *s the most important   factor in their re-  On the 1st. day of Nove.������ber. k,, ���������,e j '^^Xf K^p.���������, ���������y the  amount of money ot all kinds in cir-jula- j appropriate congress committee em-  tion, or not included in treasury  hold- j bodying tariff reforms on the lines here-  Gold Commissioner Fitzstnbbs has departed for Victoria.  J. F. Ritchie leaves on Monday to  survey a pre-emption at Trail Creek.  C. W. Heath lias been installed as the  Nelson agent of the N. & F. S. Railroad.  If. Stevenson of Ainsworth was married in Spokane to Miss Lotta Pinkston.  Joe Fletcher of Kaslo is down with  pneumonia. Dr. La Ban is attending  him.  J. A. Kirk is back from Ainsworth  where he has been surveying a mineral  claim.  Messrs. Walley, Townsend and Mountain left town on Thursday en route for  England.  The steamer Lytton is to start on the  upper Columbia, again on Monday or  Tuesday, having had a sheathing of iron  put on her.  Pending official formalities Nelson  freight in bond, over tlie N. & F. S. will  b .* entered at Waneta, Delay maybe  avoided    by   merchants    placing   their  i power of attorney in the hands of C. W.  ' Heath, local agent of the N. & F. S,  V  ���������*l  ssiSBag^-v  ijjf^SW  ���������^Bfjff  JfA������W  aaa'-maiia'i^gai^^jM^m'Xjaisa^ THE  MINER,  NELSON,  B.  C.,; SATURDAY,  DECEMBER  16,  189  HBrg'-vrr-"-^- '���������__g_j__n_agj|flw,dl,^,jrrfnrgM^'^g���������^  JwwMV^agittHaJffBK  ;TJVW[ggr^rj_*������*aitTiyy|a  THERE ARE THOUSANDS IN IT.  Ke������:or������I of the Gold Miiieh Forly-Mnc Creek  <iave up in tlie Karly Mays.  The following letter was received this  week by.T. Fred Hume, one of. the trustees of the Nelson Hydraulic Mining  Company, from an old timer who worked on the'company's property' in the  early days.  Bonner's Ferry, Idaho, Dec. 2nd, 1893.  Dear Sir.���������Yours of the 18th at hand  and contents noted. 1, with several  others worked on Forty Nine Creek in  the years 1SG7-8-9. We made from $0 to  $12 per day. We worked with sluices  and- rockers, the old fashioned way.  Wages were $4 to $5 per day. Most of  our ruining Was done on the creek where  your company has located. The gold  was coarse and some good crevices were  found. I knew two men to make $1900  each in six weeks. I cleaned $2500 the  first summer. The Discovery Boys did  their own work and cleaned abour $800  each. Flour was worth $25 per 100 lbs. ;  bacon $75 per cwt., and every thing  in  4fe  largest  nugget    we  perportion.       The  round weighed $20 ; many tit hers were  from $2,50 to $12 and $1S. We sold our  tlust for $18 per oz. I am convinced if  said ground is worked in a scientific  manner that you have a good thing.  o Yours very truly  Richard Fry.  ���������^g-  i  i  i  i  i  4  <  i\  J)  RO.  I  A  new Railway'under'Construction.  Buy(before theM in the Railway  Centre   and  Seat  of Government of  PVest Kootenay.        ���������  "-���������'..' --���������' ...���������������������������'���������.   -���������   .������������������'��������������������������� '      ,  Choice\Bmlding and Residence Property.  REBATE ALLOWED FOR THE ERECTION OF GOOD BUILDINGS  Also Lots for Sale  in      NAKUSP DAWSON and ROBSON.  Apply for Prices, Maps,'etc.,'to  FRANK FLETCHER, Land CommissioiierC. & K. Ry. Go., Nelson, B.C.  THAT MAIL SERVICE.  the  the  Commenting oh the mail' service  Nakusp Ledge takes a, swipe at  Nelson officials in this wise:  Butt-here is reason to believe, to judge  from the manner in which the mail is  received here, that the authorities at  .Nelson, who arc. entrusted with the distribution to all local points, are by no  means exempt from blame. Often it is  that letters addressed t;i Nakusp are put  in the New Denver mail  and viee versa.  It will probably be interesting to you  Brer Smith, to know that at the time of  which you write, the Nelson authorities  did hot recognize the New Denver office  but sent all New Denver' mail forward  to Nakusp to be distributed from there.  So it falls out that if Nakusp mail went  to New Deliver it must have been sent  by the careful postmaster at Nakusp.  ANOTHER STEAMER WRECKED.  The  ami   t.oes  Kaslo    Kccomc.s     I>isal>le<3  Ashore on the Koelcs.  The steamer Kaslo came to grief early  this week. 'While engaged in towing a  scow load of horses some two miles  -north of Kaslo, the tow-line became entangled in the scow aud the tug became  disabled.  The horses were got ashore safely but  the tug was drawn on the rocks and  shortly afterwards settled down. The  steamer Nelson went to render what assistance it could but the water wis so  rough Commadore Buchanan refused to  allow a tow line lb be fastened to the  tug.  The tug cost about $7000 and was  owned by J. Buchanan aud Bob Yuill.  A Concentrator for Ainsworth.  Wednesday morning Otto Abeling of  Burke left for Ainsworth, British Columbia, where he has an engagement to  superintend the construction of a 50-ton  concentrator on the Number One mine  near that place. Mr. Abeling erected  the first concentrator on Canyon creek  ���������that of the Tiger���������and he has been  mill superintendent there almost continuously since. Pie will now have the  honor of putting up the first ore-dressing  mill in the Kootenay country. There  were no fewer than eight applicants for  this position, and the selection of Mr.  Abeling is proof of the estimation in  which his services are held. It is intended to have the mill completed in sixty  days."���������Miner, Wallace, Idaho.  !>issalisiietl Contractors.  Thursday's train carried some dissatisfied contractors who had sub-contracts  on the Nelson & Fort Sheppard. They  complain that the engineer's measurements have not been fair. They promise  a law suit when they receive their estimates.  NeeJandsBros  have prepared some  Beautiful Pliotogra-  graphic  Ghristmas  Cards.  ,      Tliey will sell at cash  for 20 days your pick  of Archytypes, Steel Engravings, Photo-Grravings,  Lithographs, and  Etchings.   0    c  . Frames to Match.  Perry' Prospectors' Map of  West  Kootenay.  Showing the Mining-Camps  of Kiaslo, Slocan, Nelson  Ainsworth, Trail-Creek  and Lardeau.  Pocket Form, $ 2.50.  Half Mounted, 3.00.  Full Mounted,    4.00.  .srouTi.\<i; tioons.  NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION  Winchester Kifies in 38-56, 40-65,  40-82, 45-70, 45-90, and 50-110 calibers with  octagan barrel, price, $18.00.  AVinchester   Kifies   in   44 calibres  ���������XTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE  -^ Partnership between the undersigned as  Hotel-keepers, at the Cceur d'Alcne hotel in Ka.slo, I octagan, or $15.00 with round barrel  either model of '73 or '72, price $16.00 with  js this day dissolved by mutual consent. Mr.  Ward, who continues the business, will settle all  claims against the partner.shipj?and receive all  debts due to it.  JOHN FRANCIS WARD  JOHN KING  Dated December 11th 1893.  NOTICE.  Marlin Bifles, model of '89, with  octagan barrel, 44 calibre, price $18.00  Marlin Bifles, model '03, 38-55 calibre, octagan barrel, case-hardened mountings, price .$20.00.  Tisdall & Greener shot guns.  Newhouse,  Hawley   and   Norton's  Rogers' Hunting Knives.  ^TOTICE is hereby given that the B. C. South   .  -i-N crn Railway Company will apply to the j bear, beaver, and other traps  Legislature of the Provence of British Columbia,  at its next session, for an Act to consolidate and  amend the several Acts relating to the Company;  also for power to construct a branch line, commencing at a point on the main line at or near tlie  forks of Michel Creek; thence by way of Michel  Creek to Martin Creek.  BODWKLL & IRVING.  Solicitors for the Applicants.  Dated this 7th December, 1893.  Charles  WILVJIAKKK,  b_ o.  aVe   "Vofci   See*j.  ������*  lew  ISSUED  BY-  UI^CGISrDITIGNAL  rTOrTFOKFEITABLE  v, ACCUMULATIVE   POLICY.  CONFEDERATION    M FE  ASSOCIATION,  It is a simple promise to pay the sum insured, in the event of death.  It is absolutely free from all restrictions as to residence; 'travel and occupation;  It is entirely -void "of all Conditions save the payment of the premiums.  It provides for the payment of the claim immediately upon proof of death.  It offers six modes of settlement at the end of the Dividend Period.  It is absolutely and automatically non-forfeitable. after two  years.   The insured  -'._.. being entitled to: !       0     , ���������������������������������������������',',..  (a) Extended insurance without application for the full amount of, the policy,  for t he further period of time definitely set forth in the policy,.or on surrender to a  (b) Paid up Policy, the amount of which is written in the policy, or after live  years to a o      '.'������������������'        <���������",'''. ,.-���������-. ..,,������������������,   '  (c) Cash Value, as guaranteed in the policy.      ..'.;��������� . :  Full information furnished;upon-.application to   the  Head   Office, or to any'of the  company's Agents, i See this policy before insuring. /  W. A. JOWETT, J.   D.   BREEZE.  fifiicnil A-enl .for IS. ���������.  Au'eiit-tor-Nelson. 48 5 Cordova Street. Vancouver.  IT  General Founders, Engineers, Boiler Makers, and Manufacturers  of AH Classes of Machinery. Sawmill and Marine  Work a   Specialty.  SOJ,E    M.iSSII'\4���������TIJKElKS    OF   THE  Kendall Band Mill, B. C. Shingle Machines,  Steam Log Hauling Machines.  ?  We keep in stock a full supply of Engineer and Mill Supplies, such as Pipe and Fittings, Brass  Goods, Sheet and other Packing Rubber Valves, Rubber and Leather Belting, Oils,  and Lubricants, etc.  HOISTING ENGINES and SINKING PUMPS FOE MINES  Comer Alexander Street and "Westminster Ave., VAIT00UVEE, 33. 0.  D.   CARTMEL, J. W. CAMPION, J. E. W. MAGFARLANE  Agent West Kootenay. Secretaiy-Treasurer. . Manager  HOTELS.  WATSON,  The TOWX OF WATSO.Y is situated between  Beat and Fish Lakes, on the Kaslo-Siocan  wvgon road, 20 miles from Ka^io and 10  milesfrom New Denver, is the most central  point in Slocan district.  The WATSO.V IIOTK& is one of the best kept  houses in the entire Slocan country. The dining room and kitchen arc in charge of female  help of experience. The bar is stocked with  the best brands of Liquors and Cigars.  BREfVINER  & WATSON,  PROPBIBTOKS.  NELSON  LIVERY anfl FEED STABLES  WILSON    &   WILLIAMSON,  PROPRIETORS.  HA". AND  GKAIN P0E SALE.  Building Materials.  Get quotations on these  Materials from  Omnibus and carriages to and from all trains and  steo aboat wharves.   Saddle and pack animals  for hire.   Freight hauled and all kinds of job  teaming attended to.  ^r.b Street.   Office with Wibon & Perdu  NOTICE.  CTJCE is hereby given llmtW. F. McCu  loch, as agent for Ed ward Mahon, has filed  the necessary papers, and made application for a  Crown Grant in favor of the "Jim Crow," and  "Last Chance." mineral claims, situated on Toad  Mountain.  Adverse claimants "will forward their objec  tions within sixty days from the date of this  publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS,  Gold Commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, Nov. 14,1893. Nov. 25  NOTICE.  C! OTICB IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT A. S.  FARWELJj, as agent for Oliver Dmitri t and  Alex H. Tarbct, has filed the necessary papers,  and-made application for Crown grants in favor  of the " Centre Star" and '���������' Idaho" mineral  claims, situated' about live miles west from the  Town of Trail. A Adverse claimants will forward ���������  their objections within (10 days from the date of  this publication. , ,  N: FITZSTUBBS.  Gold '^'Commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, Sept. tub,-1803.  'E'Sr.VXSB'OKTATJON��������� TJJMK TABLJiS  The Cheapest and Most Direct Eoute,  Prom 'NELSOir, KASLO and all Kootenay  Points  To the PACIFIC! COAST and to the EA>T.  TK.4I.VS    TO  A5!!t   FKWM    XKLSO.V. 'C5.13LY.  Direct Connection at Robson every  Tiiesdny,-Tliiirsdity- stud Us' :n\l;iy  With Steamer for- Rkvki'.stosce, where connection is made wif.li tlanasliui Pacific Eastbound  andWesi.bound through trains.  ���������Tj-iroucjm "I'iCiciiTS Issued, '   .    ���������    '     ���������  Baggagk CiiecivEd to Destination,       ������  ' No Customs Diomcui/ites.  Equipment Unsurpassed, combining Palatial  Dining and Sleeping Cars, Luxurious Day Coaches, Tourist Sleeping Cars and Free Colonist  Sleeping Cars. ,  For information as to rules, i;::ie,etc., apply  to nearest agent,  .J. LI -: .Tj 2 JiTO.V, Agent, Nei.SOX,  Or to GKO. Mel,. E;EI5>vV.'V,  District Passenger, Agent, Vancouver.  OLUMBIA   &  KOOTENAY  STSA3VI   NAV, CO.  (limited) .  TIME   GARD    NO.   9.  TAKING   EFFECT   SUNDAY,   NOV.   5,   1893  NORTHPORT  ROUTE  Steamhk COLUMBIA, running in connection with the C. & K. Railway and thcS. li. & N.  Railway between Nelson and Spokane, making  close connection at Spokane with Northern 1 aci-  11c, Great Northern and Union Pacific for all  points east and west.  Leaves Robson���������Tuesdays and Fridays at  5 a.m.  Leaves Northport���������Tuesdays and Fridays at  1 p.m. Passengers for Spokane should take C. &  K. trains leaving Nelson at 3 p. in., on Mondays  and Thursdays.  Tourists from Spokane for Glacier, Band'and  other C.P.l'i. resorts make close connection at  Robson with boats for Revelstoke.  KASLO-BONNER'S FERRY ROUTE  Steamer NELSON  Sunday���������Nelson to Kaslo.  Monday���������Kaslo to Bonner's Ferry.  Tuesday���������Bonner's Ferry  to Kaslo.  Wednesday���������Kaslo to Nelson and return.  Thursday���������Kaslo to Bonner's Ferry.  Friday���������Bonner's Ferry to Nelson.  Saturday���������Nelson to Kaslo. and return.  Steamer leaves Nelson for Kaslo on Sunday at  5 p. m. Wednesday at 3 p. m. and Saturday  at 9 a. m.  Steamer leaves Kaslo for Nelson on Wednesday at 9 a. m. and Saturday at 3 p. m.  Steamer leaves Kaslo for Bonner's Ferry at 4  a. m. and Bonner's Ferry for Kaslo at 4 a. m.  The Company reserves the right to change this  schedule at any time without notice.  For full information as to tickets, rates, etc.,  apply at the  Company's offices, Nelson, B.C.  J. W. Troup, Manager.  . ������������������..!   .������...to.   . ,      I m^'.f.    I.     ... .Id...'.. .    ,4       .>  ,..'.* If... ���������.'."*<  :;&>.������/:';  fr-^ *���������.-.������!i\ 'a !.��������� ..,t.-t ������������������-.������.������:** . .4 -���������.���������'-��������� ������������������.!��������� ���������-'  ���������lUi ��������� ���������   ak.lt,  ���������.V������������'-Mi.i   i   .,    ....  ������*f"  ,������������������1  >.'       .    ��������� ���������  .   ..h-^i.  \v,;..--.-ja.-.-.'.������������������!.  '' ft':  ,.'Vilt:,"..,*-;r  : .1. t.V:������'Ji-':.  ���������������V������-V.-WSf,  ?������������������'������������������'.���������.������ . -..J.. -t..,lfS-..!i. ���������.--,.-     .-.   "ll"*9-T\ ��������� .grwtfffy*****?Tg������ <g^ Wf". y  THE  MINER,  NELSON,  B.C,  SATURDAY.    DECEMBER  16,   1893.  tyaragr- *?: T_TF_frp������30P*r  /*���������  ^Ite Joiner.  would give Nelsonites tlie right to conduct their business in their own way.  Nelson however is owned jointly by (he  government and the O. P. R., and the  properties held by the latter are'exempt  from taxation foi some little time to  come. If the incorporation of Nelson  desiring sample copies will secure 'same on | would not change this   state of   things,  would  it   be  fair   to  impose   upon   the  The Miner, is printed "on Saturdays, provided  the staff is sober, and will be mailed to any  in Canada  or the United States, for  receipt of two dollars.   Those  address  one  year  on  receipt of ton cents.  Contract Advertisements inserted at the rate  of ������3 per inch, (down the column) per month  and as much more as patrons will stand.  Transient  Advertisements   inserted  at the  ��������� rate of 15 cents per ljnaflrst,insertion, and 10  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Advertisements running for shorter periods  fchan three months is classed transient.  Quack, Curc-All, Private Remedy, and Ncxt-to-  . Pure-Reading-Matter advertisements arc not  ��������� ��������� ������������������'  wanted.1. - ''    '.. ���������',���������    ���������   c. '' .'..   .:',       .  Jon Printing of high merit; turned out in short  vordcr.   Prices to match,  Address   ���������  THE MINER PRINTING & PUBLISHING CO.  V NELSON,    B.C.  the    United  a   wrong  of affairs  his   message,  THE PRESIDENTS MESSAGE ..  It is certainly some years since the  message of the president of the United  States to congress has been awaited  with the ainountof interest which .has  been felt'on all sides over the present  one.' Cleveland entered his office confronted by a number of very serious  problems," sufficient in fact to have kept  him busy during his entire term. /But  Fate, as if determined to try the metal  of which the inan is made, piled up a  few new and unexpected 'difficulties  ���������after his election.   ���������'._ ,  ; Of his actions since that.titne it tnnst  beconceeded that he has at least; the  courage of his 'convictions sufficiently  strong to follow his own ideas of right  even in the face of opposition from his  own political party. "Probably ho president has ever occupied the chair who  has stamped more of his individuality  upon the period of his administration  than has Cleveland. Right or wrong  he has been Cleveland rather than any  precept or party.  Of his last message, to congress it must  be said that it bears this same stamp  of individuality. The world apart from  the United States will find the two most  interesting points to consist of the Hawaiian situation and the tariff reform.  Upon the report of "Minister Blount  Cleveland concluded that  States had Ikv.i guilty of  interfering' with tht course  Hawaii; and so states in  adding that this wrong should be righted at once.  Those who oppose the president claim  tliat as the Provisional Government of  Hawaii had been recognized by the  United States and other powers in a formal manner, the president, by insisting  on the restoration of the queen, and  backing this by a show of power, has in  fact of his own accord committed an act  of war against a government without  the sanction of congress, which is a  violation of the constitution. To congress is reserved this power of making  war, and. Cleveland may find it difficult  to explain just why he took the matter out of their hands.  With regard to the proposed tariff reforms Cleveland expresses himself as  being most heartily in favor of the provisions of the Wilson bill. There can be  no doubt but that he will use every influence at his command to secure the  success of tlie proposed reforms, and  there is every reason to think that they  will, with but few material changes, become law.  This will be a hard uphill fight for the  president   and    his   followers,   for    the  measures are sweeping  ones  in   many  respects.    The West will, of course, fight  to the last ditch   the  attempt  to  place;  lead ores on   the  free   list,   while   many j  sections of the East, and South   will   bit-;  tarly resent any ' infaingeinent on   their :  staple industries. j  Truly Cleveland has his work cut out  and if success crowns his efforts it will  be in tkfc face of difficulties such as have  seldom if ever confronted another in his  position.  individual land holders the expense of  carrying on the civic government unaided ?  Some, system needs he devised by  which the railway company will give  some return for the value which its properties will receive by reason of the improvements made by the expenditure of  the 'municipal taxes.  ��������� There is no doubt but that the majority of the land '.holders favor incorporation, arid eveir those who are not hot  upon it will hardly stand in the way of  others;'  ���������   <-���������-      -,-.- -    ���������"������������������- -.  /-'JOHNS NEGATIVE.  Whatever failings Mr.; Kellie may  have, he cannot be-.charged with being  either a self-seeker or a blatherskite or a  passive nonentity. He is not a brilliant  debater or a shrewd wire-puller or a hard  drinker or. a skillful poker player; but  he is a Canadian.���������Tribune.  There are some people who think clif-  ferently respect ingr Kellie's self-seeking  qualities and instance Lardeau and the  manlier in which the government appropriations were manipulated.  If he is not a blatherskite would he  have" been guilty of his "Let'er Flicker"  oration ?  If he is not considered, a beautifully  passive nonentity would, he not have  been consulted as a''-'government mem her  when tlie mineral act amendments were  going forth, or even later -when the Mining District limits were being awarded ?  The remainder of the Tribune's Editorial might have read: He is not a  brilliant debator; he is an awkward  wire-puller; but he is a Canadian and���������  and���������we'll-- he helped :uie out with my  townsite. \  It would be unkind John to desert:  your faithful servant, and if it is so fine,  a thing to   be a Canadian Why delay so  lUriflJMLVU   MATERIAL  fttE   SUBSCRIBER  STOCK or  en   route from  Coast :  HAS IN  the  of'Common  Mouldings,  1 Carload Glass, Paints and Oils.  2 Ca?-load Sash and Doors.  2  Carload Dry Clear Fir  Flooring, 4-  inch.  1 Carload Dry Clear Fir Ceiling, 4 inch  1 Carload Facto?y  Cedar,  An   Immense   Stock  lumber,    Shingles,    Laths,  Etc., as usual. %-. 1  G.  O. Buchanan,  ���������; \   Kootenay Lake  Sawmill,  '��������� ��������� > '%.������������������-     ���������_     ...''-..' '  NELSON AND KASLO.     '  DISSOLUTION OF CO PARTNERSHIP  The copartnership heretofore existing between  George C. Hunt and Jacob Dover, doing business  at Nelson, British Columbia, under the firm name  of Hunt & Dovcri is dissolved by mutual consent  from and after this date, George C. Hunt retiring  froiiithe firm. The business will be carried 011  by. Jacob Dover, .who will pay all the Arm's debts  and who is alone authorized to collect the debts  due the firm.   ���������.-..   .  Dated this 23d. day of November, 1893.  Witness:   ''. ..'-.     GEORGE C. HUNT,  John Houston;    'JACOB DOVER.  NELSON HYDRAULIC MINING   COMPANY  ' -      LIMITED. .-'���������..-.  PROSPECTUS.  >UBLIC:  long in becoming one of us.  KAXKEXC; HOUSE!).  BANK   OF  (Incorporated by. Royal Charter, 1862.)  .   .   ,. ���������      t (With power to increase.)  $3,o������o,oow  1,2<������5,33:5  Corner of Baker and Stanley streets.  __  1:  IB^^ZST^CECES =  Canada���������.Victoria, Vancouver, Now Westminster, Nanaimo and Kamloops.  United States���������San Francisco, Portland, Taco-  iha, and Seattle. ���������  HEAD OFFICE: GO Lombard street, LONDON,  England.  AGENTS AND COKRESPONDENTS:  CANADA���������Canadian Bank  of  Commerce  and  branche*5; Merchants' Bank of Canada and  branches; Imperial Bank of Canada and branches; Molson's Bank and branches; Bank of  Nova Scotia.  UNITED  STATES���������Agents Canadian Bank of  Commerce, New Yoi-k:  Bank of Nova Scotia, Chicago.  Traders' National Bank, Spokane,  QAVINGS   DEPARTMENT���������  Deposits received at ������1 and upwards, and  interest allowed (present rate) at 3A per cent,  per annum.  GRANGE V. HOLT,  Nelson, July 17, 1S93. Agent.  ank ol Montreal.  O.UTS'Aa. (all paid n������>, $1!>,0<M>,000  kest,      ....       u,o������o,o<h>  Sir   DONALD   A.   SMITH, President  Hon.  GEO. A. DRUMMOND,..'. .Vice-President  E. S. CLOUSTON General Manager  Nelson  Branch:   ~E.  W.  Oomer Baker and  Stanley Streets.  NELSONS INCORPORATION.  The incorporation theme is on the go  again. In this respect the government  has signified its willingness to cut. the  apron string which binds Nelson to itself  so soon as the people of the town ask  for it.  All things being equal, incorporation  would be a grand thing for Nelson, a its  Branches in London (England), New York   and  Chicago and in the principal cities in Canada.  Buy and sell sterling exchange and cable tranfers.  Gra      commercial and travelers' credits,  available in any part of the world ;  Drafts issued; Collections made; Etc.  SAVINGS   BANK   BRANCH.  Rate of interest at present 3������ per cent.  rpo THE  On September 20th, 1893, the following gentlemen formed themselves into a syndicate for the  purpose of acquiring anddeveloping the Boulder,  Placer Chum, situate oh Forty^Nine Creek, about  eight miles westerly from Nelson, West Kootc-aay  District, British Columbia:  ������ .    J. A. KIRK, Civil Engineer;   "���������' ������ :-  J. F. RITCHIE, Provincial Land Surveyor;  R. B. DOUGAN, Miner ;  F. M. McLEOD, Barrister :  JOHN  ELLIOT. Barrister;  J.F.HUME, Merchant; ' ;'  -. R."J. BEALEY, Real Lsuite Agent;  -, G. W. RICHARDSON, Real Estate. Agent.  They believed' that the claim held large  deposits of coarse golu, uud that it would yield a  handsome, profit if ^developed. It is well ki.o-.vn  that Forty-Nine C'r-ek goidis worth ������1S an ounce  (See copy of assay appended). The claim is half  a mile in length and 70(J feet in breadth���������::50 feet  on each side of tlie creek. At different times the  claim has Icon worked. G. M. Dawson, D. S.,  F. G. S., in tlio Annual Report (1S87) of the Geological Survey of Canada, states: "In 18(37, Forty  Nine Creek was reported to yield coarse gold to  to the value of >-;ii to $1S, to the man. Bed rock  not worked." Since that date attempts at developing the the claim have been made, but from  lack of capital and proper appliances, onlv the  high ground, which contains tho least quantity of  gold, was operated on, while the " pay streak,"  was not touched.  In August, 1892, Mk. R. B. Dougan acquired  the claim. With the aid of two men, and using  water with a head of about fifty-feet, he placed a  sluice-box about sixty-feet in length within about  two feet of bed-rock, and made excavations  through the gravel. This work has aided the;  syndicate in obtaining reliable information as to  the nature of the claim. As ahcadof fifty-feet is  not powerful enough to carry boulders of even  medium size they had to be removed by hand. A  considerable quantity of gold was saved���������sufficient to prove that a handsome profit could be  obtained with the assistance of proper appliances.  (See Mk. Rice's report) Mr. Dougan made an  oiler of the property to the syndicate, a condition  being that it should be developed. The syndicate  aceeptedhis proposition, and secured in addition  a claim, called the St. George, one-half mile in  length, above ; and another, the St. John, a quar-  ter.of a mile in length, below the Boulder claim.  They have thus secured a continuous claim of one  and one-quarter miles in length. These properties are held by lease, for a period of five years,  from the government. The lease can be renewed  by law, from thime to time, as required.  Mk. J. F. Rick, superintendent of the Kootenay Hydraulic works on the I 'end d'Orcille river  in British Columbia, was then engaged to thoroughly prospect the claims and report thereon.  (See report annexed) Mk. Rice was accompanied  by Mkssks. ICikic & Ritchie, civil engineers, of  Nelson, who made a report on the work and plant  requircd'to equip the claim with the 'most efficient appliances for securing the gold. (Seethe  report annexed) At a meeting of the syndicate  held on Nov. Sth, 1SII3, it was resolved to take the  necessary proceedings to obtain incorporation  under the name of tlie Nelson Hydraulic Mining  Company, Limited Liability, with tlie head olliee  at-''Nelson; capital stock, SlUIUHiU. divided into  20,000 shares of ������;"> each; 15.000 being ordinary  shares, and f>,000 being preference shares, the  latter untitled to dividends of 10 per cent in priority to ordinary shares. The property is to be  purchased by the company, and paid for by the  allotment to the syndicate of 9,000 fully paid up  shares. It has been decided to oiler for sale the  5,000 preference shares, with the understanding  that applications for slock will not be accepted  unless accompanied by 00 per cent, of the face  value. '1 his will give the company $15,000 with  which to proceed with works of construction and  meet incidental expenses. It is confidently expected that no further assessment will be  made, as the amount to provide a thoroughly  efficient plant and cost of management have been  carefully estimated.  The syndicate is taking advantage of the low  water to construct the dam and sluice boxes, it  is the intention to have everything ready to commence working the claim when there is a sufficient volume of water next spring, and to employ a  thoroughly experienced man as superintendent.  Respecting the probability of the property paying, the syndicate believe that Mr. Rice's report  is a very conservative statement of its value. In  this connection the following quotations will be  of interest:  Processor Dawson, in his Annual Report.  (1887) to the Geological Survey of Canada, says:  " The future of "placer mining deserves consideration, particularly from the following points of  view: In each proved auriferous .district, the  poorer or less concentrated gold bearing ground  must necessarily surpass in area that of tlie very  rich deposits, which alone pay for work with  nethods, and with the cost of supplies  use, will enable the profitable working of greatly  extended acres."  Jn tho same report Mk. Dawson also says:  "There are quite a number of valleys in which,  though the bed of the present stream has proven  rich, the deep ground or old channel has not yet  been reached, or if reached fuis not been satisfactorily tested. In all these cases it requires only  more effective machinery and greater engineering skill to be brought .to bear, to attain and  work the deposits referred to, and it is likely that  many .of 'them will pay well when such means  can be applied at, a reasonable cost."  The following is from Van Wagencn's Manual of Hydraulic Mining: "Hydraulic mining  presents fewer risks and more certainties than  any other department of mining, other things  being equal. It is simply a question of moving  gravel or soil from one place to another. Given  therefore, in addition to an abundance of water  to move and wash tho grav,ol, ample space to  deposit it again after it has been washed, and the  problem of obtaining a profit has been reduced to  a mimiinuni. As an example, the gold bearing  veins of the westcrn'United States have an aver-  value of about ten dollars per ton qf quartz extracted, which ten dollars^can , be mined, transported to the mill, crushed; amalgamated refined'  and sold tit a gross cost of about eight dollars per  ton, or eighty per cent. The same gold vein after  passing through the labratory of nature, will consist of a gravel bed or deposit,, worth about twenty cents per ton, which twenty cents may be secured arid marketed at a cost of riot over five cents  or twenty-five per cent. Other things being equal  therefore, hydraulic mining presents throe tiiries  the 'chance for profit that is found in gold-quartz  mining, and one-third the risk, with the additional advantage that the extent and richnessof the,  gravel bed niay be completely studied and ascertained: before working if, and at a slight cost,  while vein-rniiiiri'g is from the first to last, aif experiment and, a chancel The records of .mining-  show that oyer seyenty-fiive per cent of all the  gold mined 'within history has been derived froiii  the'working of gravel beds."  B*roI>aI>Ic Output sijkI atctiirus.        >  Mr. Rice: reports, that "an open cut in the  channel grave! for a distance of severity feet  gave returns of about 60 cents per cubic yai'd,"  and that he was unable to test the bed-rock, owing to the amount of water, but adds that "the  uneven nature of the bed-rock and the character  of gold distributed through the entire deposit  point to rich deposits in favored places." Further  on he says : " Samples taken from over a large  area, including the surfaec,'sides, andfoot of the  banks, and surface of the channel, give an average of 20 cents per cubic yard.  , Taking two-thirds "of the capacity of the  works, as stated by Mr. Rice, as the working  average in twenty-four hours, that is, 2,000 cubic  yards, and 5 cents as tae cost per yard, (the  ground holding 20 cents per yard of gold) we have  as profit, exclusive of the nature of gold in the  channel gravel and bed rock, ������300 per.day. Assuming that the ground is worked for ninety days,  there would be'a clear profit'of ������27,000, or ������1.90"'  per shr-ro on shares held by the syndicate, and  prefeivc.ee shares, in a season.  mines the result exceeds this figure. From a number of California mines, taken at random, the  work averages oi cubic yards per inch, per twenty  four hours.  The cost of working varies with the amount  and character of material handled, height of  banks, etc. In ordinary cases, with plenty of  water, dump, and other facilities, ground that  will average 5 cents per yard pays a good profiit.  The North Bloomfield mine, in Nevada county,  California, has worked ground for several years  at an average value of 3 cents per yard.  .Machinery.  The  machinery  necessary  will consist of a  pipe line of about 1,050 feet in length and two  monitors or giants.   All   of  the details  of   size,  ! gauge, and construction of pressure-box are fur.  j nislfed in the appended plan. , '  j        While  the  dump  and  grade of the sluices  i leave something to be desired, tlie condition are,  in the main, favorable, and with intelligent and  skillful management there is no question as to a  profitable result. , ';        '  ;, Much is due Messrs. Kirk & Ritchie,  whoso'intelligent and skillful work made accurate estimates possible.  I am, gentlemen, yours respectfully,  .,-... J.,F. Rick.  Octails aii<I Ksliiiiate or Cost.  BY ME8SRsi'KIRIC & RITCHIE.  Tub Nelson Hydraulic Mining Syndicate :  .In.accordance with Mr.Rice's instructions,  we present the following statement of details and  estimate' of: cost ;of construction of hydraulic  plant, of most approved design, on Forty-Nine  Creek.:, .'"' ������������������"���������" ���������;���������.������������������.'"���������..'.'  Hydraulic mining is carried on by propelling  a jet of water,, under heavy pressure, on gold-  bearing gravel deposits, The gravel being disin-  tergrated by.' this process and carried with the  water through the siuice-boxes. In jts passage  the gold-, drops; owing to its great weight, in to  receptacles provided therefore, and the refuse  gravel is deposited'in :a'dump at'the end of  the sluice.boxes. With: ;proper appliances,  it is estimated that 95 per cent of the gold can be  secured. In designing a hydraulic system, measures have to be taken to secure the required  water pressure, sluice-boxes grade to carry large  boulders, and an ample dumping ground.  Al>plicat cons for Slocli.  Applications , ,for ten per cent preference  stock, accompanied with GO per cent of its face  value, may-be made to tne secretary 'or'any merii-  ber of^the syndicate. Interim receipts will be  given therefore by the secretary. Certificates  for such stock wii, uo issued as soon as the charter is obtained,- ahich will be in about two  irionths. ; ,; ���������-���������  .  Further particular's 'will be furnished by the  secretary," jik. G. -W. Richardson, and all  papers r.ntl documents connected with the pro-  ccedingo of the syndicate may be inspected at his  office in Nelson. '   '.���������_���������.���������  J. FRED HUME,    '  J. F. RITCHIE,  G. W. RICHARDSON,  Trustees in charge ot  '! affairs of Syndicate.  J. ELLIOT.     ���������   '  KIRK  &  RITCHIE.  G. W. RICHARDSON.  Solicitor  Engineers:  Secretary:  ������������������������������������Mr. .J. Il\ BticcVKcnort.  Tins Nelson Hydraulic Mining Syndicate:  Gentlemen���������In pursuance of your instructions  to examine and report on your property on Forty-  Nine creek, near Nelson, British Columbia, the  working, value, and kind of plant required, I  herewith submit the following:  The property consists of one and one-quarter  miles in length along the course qf the Forty-nine  creek channel, and the banks on either side for a  width of 700 feet. The present channel varies in  width from 50 to 90 feet, with a probable average  depth of 15 feet, filled for the most, part with a  compact gravel, a large proportion of which is  heavy boulders. The bed-rock is a coarse-grained granite, in irregular-layers, forming a very  uneven bottom, making natural riffles favorable  for arresting the coarser particles of gold.  Tests made'in' an open cut in the channel  gravel for a distance of 70 feet gave returns of  one-half cent per pan, or about 00 cents per cubic  yard. Owing to the amount, of,water I was unable to test the bed rock with the facilities at my  command. The uneven nature of the bed-rock  and the character of gold distributed through  the entire deposit point to rich deposits in favored places on'thc bottom.  Tlie.channel gold is heavy, of a fiat, angular  shape, comparatively coarse,.and of a character  to save in the sluices. Tho rim bars or banks, on  either side, are in places extensive deposits that  vary in depth and extent, in some places showing  a depth of 10 to GO feet, and extending over several acres, consisting for the most part of a liner  gravel than that of tlie channel, and an occasional strata of sandy clay, which'varies in thickness  from a feu- inches to several feet. Gold is disseminated through the entire deposit, from grains at  the surface to heavy and coarser particles as  depth is obtained and the gravel more compact.  Samples taken from over a large area, including  the Mirfuou, sides and foot of the banks, and the  I surface of the channel, gave an average of 20  | cents per cubic yard.  | A large number of places along the creek  ' have been partially worked by the primitive  | means of the early miner, such as the pan, hand-  i sluice, and tlie rocker. The surface, however, is  only skimmed in places. The only attempt to  I exploit the channel has been on the company's  i ground by Mr. Dougan. mainly by man power.  | whose returns, from what data I could gallic,  j averaged about SO cents per cubic yard. i  1 The conditions of  profitable working depend i  j mainly on a large water supply at high   pressure, i  ; a grade necessary for tin sluices,and ample dump  j for the tailings.   The water supply,  from  all   in-j  formation  and  data   that could   be  gathered, is !  confined to the period between March and July,  or between three and four months, which in this  case would lie the length of the working season.  The supply for that period seems to be ample.  By tlie construction of a flume and ]  j ditch'of four-fifths of a mile in length a ver- j  I tical pressure of 300 feci is obtained, ample j  ! for all purposes. The ditch and flume should j  ] have a carrying capacity of 900 miner's inches,  i All details of grade, materials, and construction  i are embodied in the appended plan bv Messrs.  j Kirk" & Ritchie.  I In order to obtain the requisite (lump, and to  ' bottom the channel at the points of exploitation.  I a bed-rock cut of 250 feet in length, in connection  ' with a sluice line of 500 feet, is necessary. Under  [ these conditions the maximum grade' attainable  ! is three-quarters of an inch to the foot, or 9 inches  j per box of 12 feet. This gives a dump of .G feet.  I which may be added to and increased by eoritinu-  ring the sluices on the same grade as the dump  rises to their level. The mode of construction ami  class of material areshoun in the appended plan.  ...-'.:���������.������������������ Details.. '��������� c��������� '"���������/  The h'^ad of water required in this case is 300  feet; To procure this it will be necessary to construct an artificial channel from a point about  four-lifths of a mile.up stream from the place selected for the sluice-boxes. At the head of the  channel adam,'about five feet high, will have to  be built across the stream to provide a regular  supply of water. Owing to the precipitous  nature of the ground about 3,-,'W) reet of the  channel will consist of a Hume,, with a grade of  9.5 feet in 1000; the remainder will be an open  ditch. The capacity of-fiume and'ditches, 1,000  miner's inches. From the ditch to the monitors,  the water will be' carried in a steel pipe about a  thousand feet long. The sluice-boxes will be 500  feet long, with a grade of 9 inches in 12 feet.  From tho lower end of the sluice-boxes the  fall increases rapidly, affording ample dumping  ground. Plans and profile showing details or the  work described are;herewith submitted.  .    ���������ost.,;  Eleven hundred feet of steel piping, and 2  monitors, with nozzles of 2!J, 3:K���������������,"5 and  . 6-inch ��������������� orifices,   respectively, erected,  ready for working ...............'-......  Dam; flume, ditch, sluice-boxes (inclusive  of excavation) and house for workmen  Superintendence of construction, etc., 10  percent.  ....:.  2,000  S.000  i.ooo'  Total cost of plant ready for work .... $11,000  The estimate of the cost of monitors and piping was made from a memorandum of cost of  those items to the Kootenay Hydraulic Mining  Company of Waneta, in this province.  In concluding this report we submit a comparison of difficulties surmounted in providing  water for hydraulic mining fn other places,   '  Kootenay Hydraulic Mining Company: Ditch  and flume, 11 miles. ' ������������������  La Grange Ditch & Hydraulic Mining Com-  panp, Tuolumne county, California: Ditches, 100  miles; flumes, 6 miles; grade of ditches, 11 to 32  feet per mile.  Miocene Ditch Company, Butte county, California : In order to obviate the construction of a  trestle some ISO feet high, the water is conveyed  in ia wooden flume around a bluff 350 feet in  height. The flume was suspended upon brackets  made of T rails built in the form of a reversed L  (~i), soldered into holes previously drilled into a  solid vertical escarpment. Men were swung  down by ropes to drill these holes, in another  place in this line of ditch is a piece of trestle work  LOSS feet long and SO feet high.  ' El  Dorado   Water   &  Deep  Gravel Mining  Company, California :   Main ditch, 40 miles.  Buckeye Company, California: Ditches, 35  miles; capacity, 2,5000; cost, ������120,000. .  The details respecting the California companies are taken from the report of the state Mining  Bureau for 1S89. The same report gives with  other statistics, the following resume of work  done by the La Grange Company, on all its claims  from June 1st, 1S94, to September 30th, 1S70.  Disbursements  Wafer, labor, etc  $13(1,912 SO  .Per cubic yard '.  (j  Per ounce of metal  produced  13 80  Average value of the ounce of metal produced  1!) 2(5  Average   yield  .per   cubic yard of  ground  ���������   jo jc)  The above tremendous outlay for water when  compared   with   the   facilities   for procuring an  ample   supply   at,   Forty-nine   Creek, show very  favorable conditions for hydraulic mining.  Yours.'respectfully,  KIRK & RlTCIirE,  Civil Engineers.  ���������S-5 2  i������  _>  v.  .  ���������1:  u  a  * * ��������� ��������� >  l-J  ;   ;  O  *  **���������  ���������  X -r.  73  :S :  :  A \[i  5  XK  s  ^  J5 >. & ~  , "Work in j;  The duty of a miner  cut conditions, running  25 and 30 per day, the 1  Capacity.  , inch varies with differ  'i-nin 3 to 1 cubic yards in  u.-r result being obtained  primitive methods, and wit m ._     and labor at high prices. Thus the cheapening of j under highly satisfactory conditions. In this case  these essentials, produced by improved means of ! after the clearing of the channel, the maximum  communication and by the se tlenient of the j capacity should not bo less than 3.000 cubic yards  country, coupled with the aftendi.g facilities for j per twenty-four hours with a sluice head of 1,000  bringing heaver machinery and ap  liances  into ; inches, or 3 yards to the inch.    In most hydraulic  I  ������~.    m  *������**���������  VrfT"TT'������  :i t?  -r������'i .-  T"������v;  '���������.--.ltv  ^-"���������;. >fc^     ���������������������������������[   ..fi-|l'.  .     I        '     ���������      t''rkS'.    1 llfWIWp ^. ��������� him ���������     il.'������ni   l,  J|J    ���������! I   VU.jl.i.������^'HW.... ���������      ii     i.    i i ^.f.^��������� ���������..,.    ���������������������������������������������������������������._  v r~ ft*"fl l   ���������������������������''���������'  mWh j^.  )' *n _,s' - %.     ���������������������������.."   ������,*...-   ..* i-ft ' iv, ��������� =. ?������.i,������:. ��������� i- tt.   ..I-/'..*, oi   ������ - :*i .   ,��������� '. ,[jf ���������     . ��������� ,��������� r. ������,-������ ������ii   i������-r   l ������ -., '   ���������  ,*. i. "���������.������..i-���������  it. ifW-%Z   - ������������������>' THE  MINER,  NELSON,  B. C, SATURDAY,"DECEMBER,   16,   189.  ^&ttmsasa3������S������X3i&SZ3S25GB������  ���������s^assssBox  3Vr.^*B>*aAmMWlMntf^f&,JVZWKSBW&X*>K^^  A BROKEN LEDGE  "Turns them  to shape,  and   gives   to   airy  nothing a local habitation and a name.-^Shake's  The first annual, general meeting of  the Kootenay Lying Club was held in  an up-town office last Thursday evening.  The Exalted Grand Drawer of the Long  Bow being unavoidably..detained in the  east where he is resting after the strain  of explaining ..why strawberries ripen in  December, in,our genial c Innate, his place  was filled by the,Deputy Grand D. L. B.  After the usual order of business had  been gone through to the satisfaction of  all present, the chairman reached in due  course the heading "Personal Experiences."  After a recess of ten minutes during  which the conversation became, general  the meeting was again called to order.  "Gentlemen, exclaimed the chairman"  "we have, now reached a point in our  programme when it is.usual for various  members to respond to the call of the  chaircby .relating some incident of present experiences interesting, instructive  or wonderful. As I see before me many  faces but lately added to' our circle, I  deem that the older members will bear  with me if I commence this portion of  the programme by relating the now  justly famous mosquito story which  caused me to be elected to my present  exalted,position. (Cries of "here, here"  "go ahead.,') c  " Well then gentlemen some years ago  I chanced to be stealingalong the banks  of the Fraser river, which is, as  many of you know famous for mosquitoes. My attention was directed to-  wardtwo men in a boat, far up the river  when a flock of those savage creatures  swooped clown on me with a shrill squeel  like a circular saw in rapid motion. Un  able   to fight them oil', I  but one day we struck a lead and commenced to drive in a tunnel. All went  well until wegot in a few feet, and then  do you know tlie air was so thin,and  light that there was not sufficient pressure to drive it back into the tunnel.  Well we held a council of war, and con-  eluded to take turns'''working. So we  proceeded, shift ahout, one in the bapk,|  of the tunnel and the other stationed at  the mouth to fan the air down into a-'  corner until it was thick enough to  breatlie. This ' plan'- succeeded and we  made a big roll. How I lost it is another story."  General Merchants  "When   I hear a story like  that, said  brother Bighigh responding to   the call  of the chair, it makes ine dry,-so'..dry in.  fact. thatcI am always  reminded of the  difficulties  which I encountered in .getting into  this country.    ,We were   com.  ing up the river in the steamer   jOoluui-  binay. The water was low and the higher we got up the river the lower  got the  water.    Well   we got aground   after a  time, and it began to look as if we would  stay there.   As luck would have it, however, we had a very ingenuous engineer  aboard,   and   he   solved   the   problem.  Rigging up a beam in the center of  the  boat he fixed a big dipper  on one end of  it, with" this the water was dipped 'up  from the stern, swung around and dropped over the  bow.    On  this(1 flood  tide  the steamer  would hitch up the  river a  short way, and we finally made port."  J/JSe havethe'largest an^ of  Groceries, Dry Goods, Boots and^^^  Crockery and Glassware, in'the  Kootenay District;  and as we se 11^ f^  prices which dfy  yourself.       \',      ;'/';"-    : ';ff     :'::^r-,K^f\ T'': ���������'.-:-  Telephone 2?; 7, 9,a^  ran along rthe  bank seeking for some refuge. -Just as I  was about to throw myself into the river  to escape from the demons, I chanced to  spy an empty barrel near the water's  edge. Quickly diving into this refuge I  panted, for breath for the run had been a  sharp one. But I had made a miscalculation. Soon I was startled by the sound  of boring, and first one and ' hen another  bill came through. Now I have it, I  cried, reaching for a stone near the end  of the barrel, but I hadn't if after all.  No sooner had I succeeded in clinching  all the bills on the inside, than the flock  in their frantic efforts ,t<>, escape raised  the barrel and inyself,7 ap into the air  and flew out over the;-river. Then indeed I gave myself up for lost, and was  reciting 'now I lay me', when bang!  bang ! I heard the report, of a shot gun  and at the same moment shot came rattling against the barrel. The number  of killed rendered the others unable to  bear me up, and the barrel sank down  to the water. My friends in the boat,  who had mistaken the mosquitoes for  geese paddled up hastily, drew me into  the boat and landed me safely. I have  one of the mosquitoes stuffed and mounted. Most people take it for a crane ; and  the Deputy Grand closed his narrative  amidst a round of applause.  "I remember  that spring very   well,"  broke in brother Orange.    I was just up  from   Montana   myself,  and of  course  felt right at home in this climate.'   Most  of   you   have wandered   through   that  country and know what, the winters are  in that section,    Well that winter  was  the hardest of the lot.    On several occasions  it was so cold that the only  way  we could talk to each other was for one  of us to go out on the roof of the cabin  and let the other  talk up  the chimney.  In this  way the hot air kept the   words  from freezing long enough to reach our  ears.    I think  though that the  coldest  morningy6f all was the day I left.    The  train went out about daylight, and I got  np and lit a caudle to dress by.    Thinking  of _my trip I let the ��������� fire   die  down,  and  when I was  all ready I  turned to  blow out the light.    No go.    The  blaze  was frozen  stiff, and I had to  break it  off before I  could  put  out  the  The meeting then adjourned.  Stephen's  "Writing  and Copying,  in  Pints, Half, Quarter-Pints,  TUBNEE 'BEOS.  StafFords' Combined Black.  k' ���������*".      Carmine.  StylogTapliic Ink;  Indelible Ink.  Dalley's Frost  Proof   Ink.  W.   A.   JOWETT  Auctioneer and Commission Agent.  REPRESENTING  tip.'I, JOSEPHINE STREET,  HELSOtf, B. 0.  The Confederation Life Association, the Phcenix Fire  Insurance Company, and the Provident Fund Accident  Society ; also the Sandy Croft Foundry Company, near  Chester, England, makers of? all kinds of mining machinery, air compressors, rock breakers, stamps, etc.  light."  Adjoining the government townsite of Nelson  AT  S125.00  99  With a rebate for buildings erected.   The best, residential  property in Nelson, values sure to increase.   Apply  \V. A.  Jowctt, agent for Nelson and district,  or Times Sc Richards, Vancouver, B.C.  W.  A.  JOWETT,  c  Mining and Real Estate Brokers,  Auctioneers and Commission Agent  AND  UPWARDS.  JOSEPHINE STREETS.  NELSON, B.C..  .JMEfiSIDAl..  C. ARTHUR, A.M., M.D.,  PHYSICIAN,   Etc,  Coroner kor West Kootenay,  Office over Nelson Drug Store,  West Baker street,  Nelson, B.C.  AND  '���������?  e.  9 P8  Wo carry full lines of all kinds of furniture for residences,  hotels, and offices.   Mattresses made to order, and  at prices lower than eastern and coast.  We arc also-agents   for  EVANS   PIANOS   AND   DOHFRTY   ORGANS.  yzz:  " Will brother Fredrick Ton oblige us"  said the Deputy Grand, when he had recovered somewhat. Well Mr. Deputy I  don't know. I heard some of the hoys  say that story of yours was pretty rocky,  likewise a hard formation ; and that reminds me of an experience of mine over  in Nevada. My partner and I took a  contract to run in a tunnel on the Dude  mine. Well we got in ten or fifteen  yards when we came on a streak of blue  rock. Hard ? well rather. The first day  we went in with all our drills new sharpened in a car, and after slugging hard  all morning and dulling every drill, I  had to hold my finger on the spot while  my partner went, out to get some dinner  and sharpen drills. While he was gone  I lost, the spot and we threw up the contract.  ip|    LaBAU,   M. D.,  Physician and Surgeon,  Rooms 3 and 1,   Houston Block,  Nelson, B.C.  Telephone   12.  s iir v kyim;.  A       S.  GOING,  CIVIL   ENGINEER   AND   PROVINCIAL  LAND   SURVEYOR.  Houston Block,  Nelson,   B.   C  T  .tiiM.vn;.  J.K  BLEDSOE,  EXAMINER  Nelson,  OF   MINES,  B.C.  "Brother Screwloose" said the D. G.  " Its  some   time since   we  heard   from  you."    This brother responded "Thats a  thin, very  thin, story  brother Ton   told  us.    So   thin in fact that it  forcibly reminds 'ue of an experience of my  own.  I was down in South America one time  when a man came to me with a proposition to prospect a good belt of country  up on the Andes range.    He told me the  only difficulty was the thin air up there,  and I fo-nd that he w.'is light.    As lf-ng  as v.'c ')t  '::ovl:l.i'j   ..eg c  uL...  ,  ZV,  TWENTY  YEARS' EXPERIENCE   IN THE  152-52 ' AMERICAN  CAMPS.  C.  CAMPBELL-JOHNSTON  (of Swansea, India, and the United States.)  METALLURGIST, ASSAYER,  AND   MINING   ENGINEER  Properties reported on. All assays undertaken.  Furnaces and concentrating plants planned  and erected. Treatment for ores given. Ores  bought and sold.   Box 731, Vancouver, B. C.  HOTEL FOR SA  A recently finished, well-  equipped hotel at Duncan City  erected on two of the best lots  in   the   townsite,  for sale or to  lease.  Any one desiring the property can have immediate possession.  For tetms apply to,  C. HAMBER,  Nelson,  B. C.  NELSON   STORE :  So. -i SBousloii aV KitJc OSiRililing, Josephine Street.  Chinese Sugar,  First-GIas Goods Only  Hiram Walker & Son's,  Distillers  BAKER STREET, NELSON.  AGENTS   FOR  Jos. Sehliu Brewing Co.  Milwaukee,  U.S.  Fort Garry Flour Mills  Manitoba  P. 0. box 09.  Telephone 21.  S. E. corner Baker and Josephine streets,  NELSON, B. C.  REAL ESTATE,  FINANCIAL AND  INSURANCE AGENTS.  M.  S. DAVYS.  MINING   ENGINEER,  AND ASSAYER.  Oflices Victoria Street.  NELSON, B. C.  are Offering  son  Loans negotiated on Nelson property.     Collections made.     Conveyancing documents dnuvn up-  Town Lots Lands and Mining Claims Handledon Commission.  PANTS,    PANTS,     PANTS,  To make room for Fall Stock  I -will sell fifty pairs of Pants  at $7; $8; and $9 each, or  three for $20, $23 and $25,  also suits from $30, up. ISTow  is the time to save  money..  SQUIRE  Corner" Ward and Baker Streets;,  N  n  \4  if

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